10-K 1 dentsply201510-k.htm FORM 10-K 10-K


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
   
FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015
Commission File Number 0-16211

DENTSPLY International Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
39-1434669
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
221 West Philadelphia Street, York, PA
17405-2558
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (717) 845-7511

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. 

Yes   x     No   o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. 

Yes   o     No   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes   x     No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes   x     No   o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act) Yes   o     No   x

The aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant computed by reference to the closing price as of the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second quarter June 30, 2015, was $7,207,044,561.

The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of the close of business on February 2, 2016 was 140,122,034.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Certain portions of the definitive Proxy Statement of DENTSPLY International Inc. (the “Proxy Statement”) to be used in connection with the 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent provided herein.  Except as specifically incorporated by reference herein the Proxy Statement is not deemed to be filed as part of this Form 10-K.





DENTSPLY International Inc.
  Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
PART I
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1
 
Business
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A
 
Risk Factors
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1B
 
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2
 
Properties
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3
 
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4
 
Mine Safety Disclosure
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5
 
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder
 
 
 
 
Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6
 
Selected Financial Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 7
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and
 
 
 
 
Results of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 7A
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 8
 
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 9
 
Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting
 
 
 
 
and Financial Disclosure
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 9A
 
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 9B
 
Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10
 
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 11
 
Executive Compensation
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 12
 
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
 
 
 
 
and Related Stock Matters
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 13
 
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director
 
 
 
 
Independence
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 14
 
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15
 
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 

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PART I

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains information that may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Generally, the use of terms such as “may,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “project,” “anticipate,” “assumes” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that DENTSPLY International Inc. (“DENTSPLY” or the “Company”) expects or anticipates will occur in the future are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs, and are inherently susceptible to uncertainty, risks, and changes in circumstances that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s historical experience and our present expectations or projections. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those described in Part I, Item 1A (“Risk Factors”) and elsewhere in this report and those described from time to time in our future reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company undertakes no duty and has no obligation to update forward-looking statements as a result of future events or developments.

PART I

Item 1. Business

History and Overview

DENTSPLY, a Delaware corporation which dates its history to 1899, believes it is the world’s largest designer, developer, manufacturer and marketer of a broad range of consumable dental products for the professional dental market. The Company also manufactures and markets other consumable medical device products. The Company’s principal product categories are dental consumable products, dental laboratory products, dental specialty products and consumable medical device products. The Company’s worldwide headquarters and executive offices are located in York, Pennsylvania.

Dental products accounted for approximately 88% of DENTSPLY’s consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, for the year ended December 31, 2015. The remaining consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, is primarily related to consumable medical device products, materials sold to the investment casting industry, and the refining of certain precious metals. The presentation of net sales, excluding precious metal content, is considered a measure not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”), and is therefore considered a non-US GAAP measure. This non-US GAAP measure is discussed further in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and a reconciliation of net sales to net sales, excluding precious metal content, is provided.

During the first quarter of 2015, the Company realigned reporting responsibilities for multiple locations as a result of changes to the management structure. The Company conducts its business through three operating segments. Prior period segment information has been recast to conform to the 2015 presentation. All of the Company’s segments are primarily engaged in the design, manufacture and distribution of dental and medical products in four principal product categories: 1) dental consumable products 2) dental laboratory products 3) dental specialty products and 4) consumable medical device products.

The Company conducts its business in the United States of America (“U.S.”), as well as in over 120 foreign countries, principally through its foreign subsidiaries. DENTSPLY has a long-established presence in the European market, particularly in Germany, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom (“UK”), Switzerland and Italy, as well as in Canada. The Company also has a significant market presence in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (“CIS”), Central and South America, the Middle-East region and the Pacific Rim.

Geographic Information

For 2015, 2014 and 2013, the Company’s net sales, excluding precious metal content, to customers outside the U.S., including export sales, accounted for approximately 63%, 66% and 67%, respectively, of consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content. Reference is made to the information about the Company’s U.S. and foreign sales by shipment origin set forth in Note 5, Segment and Geographic Information, to the consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K.

Segment Information

Information regarding the Company’s operating segments for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 can be found in Note 5, Segment and Geographic Information, to the consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K.

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Principal Products

The worldwide professional dental industry encompasses the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and ailments of the teeth, gums and supporting bone. DENTSPLY’s principal dental product categories are dental consumable products, dental laboratory products and dental specialty products. Additionally, the Company’s consumable medical device products provide for urological and surgical applications. These products are produced by the Company in the U.S. and internationally and are distributed throughout the world under some of the most well-established brand names and trademarks in these industries, including ANKYLOS, AQUASIL ULTRA, ARTICADENT, ASTRA TECH, ATLANTIS, CALIBRA, CAULK, CAVITRON, CELTRA, CERAMCO, CITANEST, DELTON, DENTSPLY, DETREY, DYRACT, ESTHET.X, IN-OVATION, LOFRIC, MAILLEFER, MIDWEST, NUPRO, ORAQIX, ORIGO, OSSEOSPEED, PALODENT PLUS, PEPGEN P-15, PORTRAIT, PRIME & BOND, PROFILE, PROTAPER, RECIPROC, RINN, SANI-TIP, SENSE, STYLUS, SULTAN, SUREFIL, THERMAFIL, TRIODENT MATRIX SYSTEMS, TRUBYTE, VIPI, WAVEONE, WELLSPECT, XENO, XIVE, XYLOCAINE and ZHERMACK.

Dental Consumable Products

Dental consumable products consist of value added dental supplies and devices and small equipment used in dental offices for the treatment of patients. Net sales of dental consumable products, excluding precious metal content, accounted for approximately 29%, 28% and 28% of the Company’s consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

DENTSPLY’s dental supplies and devices in the dental consumable products category include dental anesthetics, prophylaxis paste, dental sealants, impression materials, restorative materials, tooth whiteners and topical fluoride. The Company manufactures thousands of different dental consumable products marketed under more than one hundred brand names.

Small equipment products in the dental consumable products category consist of various durable goods used in dental offices for the treatment of patients. DENTSPLY’s small equipment products include dental handpieces, intraoral curing light systems, dental diagnostic systems and ultrasonic scalers and polishers.

Dental Laboratory Products

Dental laboratory products are used in the preparation of dental appliances by dental laboratories. Net sales of dental laboratory products, excluding precious metal content, accounted for approximately 9%, 10% and 10% of the Company’s consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, for each of the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

DENTSPLY’s products in the dental laboratory products category include dental prosthetics, including artificial teeth, precious metal dental alloys, dental ceramics and crown and bridge materials. Equipment in this category includes computer aided design and machining (CAD/CAM) ceramic systems and porcelain furnaces.

Dental Specialty Products

Dental specialty products are specialized treatment products used within the dental office and laboratory settings. Net sales of dental specialty products, excluding precious metal content, accounted for approximately 50%, 49% and 49% of the Company’s consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. DENTSPLY’s products in this category include endodontic (root canal) instruments and materials, implants and related products, 3D digital scanning and treatment planning software, dental and orthodontic appliances and accessories.

Consumable Medical Device Products

Consumable medical device products consist mainly of urology catheters, certain surgical products, medical drills and other products. Net sales of consumable medical device products, excluding precious metal content, accounted for approximately 12%, 13% and 13% of the Company’s consolidated net sales, excluding precious metal content, for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Markets, Sales and Distribution

The Company believes that the market for its products will grow over the long-term based on the following factors:


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Increasing worldwide population.

Aging mix of population in developed countries - The U.S., Europe, Japan and other regions have aging population with significant needs for dental care and healthcare, the elderly in these regions are well positioned to pay for the required procedures since they control sizable amounts of discretionary income.

Natural teeth are being retained longer - Individuals with natural teeth are much more likely to visit a dentist in a given year than those without any natural teeth remaining.

The changing dental practice in North America and Western Europe - Dentistry in these regions has been transformed from a profession primarily dealing with pain, infections and tooth decay to one with increased emphasis on preventive care and cosmetic dentistry.

The demands for patient comfort and ease of product use and handling.

Per capita and discretionary incomes are increasing in emerging markets - As personal incomes continue to rise in the emerging nations of the Pacific Rim, CIS and Latin America, obtaining healthcare, including dental services, is a growing priority. Many surveys indicate the middle class population will expand significantly within these emerging markets.

The Company’s business is less susceptible than many other industries to general downturns in the economies in which it operates. Many of the products the Company offers relate to dental procedures and health conditions that are considered necessary by patients regardless of the economic environment. Dental specialty products and products that support discretionary dental procedures are the most susceptible to changes in economic conditions.

DENTSPLY believes that demand in a given geographic market for its dental and medical products vary according to the stage of social, economic and technical development of the particular market. Geographic markets for DENTSPLY’s dental and medical products can be categorized into the following two stages of development:

Developed Markets

The U.S., Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and certain other countries are highly developed markets that demand the most advanced dental and health products and have the highest level of expenditures for dental and medical care. These markets account for approximately 80% to 85% of the Company’s net sales. In these markets, dental care is increasingly focused upon preventive care and specialized dentistry, in addition to basic procedures, such as excavation of teeth and filling of cavities, tooth extraction and denture replacement. These markets require varied and complex dental products, utilize sophisticated diagnostic and imaging equipment and demand high levels of attention to protect against infection and patient cross-contamination. A broader segment of the population in these markets can afford higher end treatments in both dental and medical care.

Emerging Markets

In certain countries in Central America, South America, Eastern Europe, Pacific Rim, Middle East and Africa, most dental care is often limited to excavation of teeth and filling of cavities and other restorative techniques, reflecting more modest per capita expenditures for dental and medical care. These markets account for approximately 15% to 20% of the Company’s net sales. The Company markets products with a diverse price range including dual-brand alternatives to address patient and professional needs. However, there is also a portion of the population in these markets that receive a level of dental and medical care similar to that received in developed countries. As such, many of our premium products are actively sold into these regions.

The Company offers products and equipment for use in markets at both of these stages of development. The Company believes that demand for more technically advanced products will increase as each of these markets develop. The Company also believes that its recognized brand names, high quality innovative products, clinical education, technical support services and strong international distribution capabilities position it well to benefit from opportunities in virtually any market.

DENTSPLY employs approximately 3,600 highly trained, product-specific sales and technical staff to provide comprehensive marketing and service tailored to the particular sales and technical support requirements of its distributors, dealers and the end-users.

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Dental

DENTSPLY distributes approximately half of its dental products through third-party distributors. Certain highly technical products such as precious metal dental alloys, dental ceramics, crown and bridge porcelain products, endodontic instruments and materials, orthodontic appliances, implants, and bone substitute and grafting materials are often sold directly to the dental laboratory or dental professionals in some markets. In 2015, one customer, Henry Schein Incorporated, a dental distributor, accounted for 11% of DENTSPLY’s consolidated net sales. No other single customer represented ten percent or more of DENTSPLY’S consolidated net sales during 2015. During 2014 and 2013, the Company did not have a single customer that represented ten percent or more of DENTSPLY’S consolidated net sales.

Although many of its dental sales are made to distributors, dealers and importers, DENTSPLY focuses its marketing efforts on the dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants, dental laboratories and dental schools which are the end-users of its products. As part of this end-user “pull through” marketing approach, the Company conducts extensive distributor, dealer and end-user marketing programs. Additionally, the Company trains laboratory technicians, dental hygienists, dental assistants and dentists in the proper use of its products and introduces them to the latest technological developments at its educational courses conducted throughout the world. The Company also maintains ongoing consulting and educational relationships with various dental associations and recognized worldwide opinion leaders in the dental field.

Medical

The Company’s urology products are sold directly in approximately 15 countries throughout Europe and North America, and through distributors in approximately 20 additional markets. The Company’s largest markets include the UK, Germany and France. Key customers include urologists, urology nurses, general practitioners and direct-to-patients.

Historical reimbursement levels within Europe have been higher for intermittent catheters which explain a greater penetration of single-use catheter products in that market. In the U.S., which the Company considers an important growth market, the reimbursement environment has improved since 2008 as the infection control cost benefits of disposable catheters gain acceptance among payers.

The Company’s surgery products are sold directly in approximately 13 countries and through distributors in approximately 20 additional markets. The Company’s largest markets include Australia, Norway and the UK. Key customers include surgeons, hospital nurses, physiotherapists, hospital purchasing departments and medical supply distributors.

The Company also maintains ongoing consulting and educational relationships with various medical associations and recognized worldwide opinion leaders in this field.

Product Development

Innovation and successful product development are critical to keeping market leadership position in key product categories and growing market share in other products categories while strengthening the Company’s prominence in the dental and medical markets that it serves. While many of DENTSPLY’s existing products undergo brand extensions, the Company also continues to focus efforts on successfully launching innovative products that represent fundamental change.

New advances in technology are also anticipated to have a significant influence on future products in dentistry and in select areas of healthcare.  As a result, the Company pursues research and development initiatives to support this technological development, including collaborations with external research institutions, dental and medical schools.  Through its own internal research centers as well as through its collaborations with external research institutions, dental and medical schools, the Company directly invested $74.9 million, $80.8 million and $85.1 million in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively, in connection with the development of new products, improvement of existing products and advances in technology.  The year-over-year investment for all years was reduced by foreign currency translation, which increased reported expense variations. The continued development of these areas is a critical step in meeting the Company’s strategic goal as a leader in defining the future of dentistry and in select areas in health care.

In addition to the direct investment in product development and improvement, the Company also invests in these activities through acquisitions, by entering into licensing agreements with third parties, and by purchasing technologies developed by third parties.



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Merger and Acquisition Activities

On September 15, 2015, the Company and Sirona Dental Systems, Inc. (“Sirona”) announced that the Board of Directors of both companies had unanimously approved a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) under which the companies will combine in an all-stock merger of equals. Sirona develops, manufactures and markets several lines of dental products including CAD/CAM restoration systems, digital intra-oral, panoramic and 3D imaging systems, dental treatment centers and instruments. The Merger Agreement provides that, upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”) will merge with and into Sirona, with Sirona surviving as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). Upon completion of the Merger, the Company's name will be changed to Dentsply Sirona Inc. Subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, if the merger is completed, each outstanding share of Sirona common stock will be converted into the right to receive 1.8142 shares of common stock of the Company, with cash paid in lieu of any fractional shares of common stock of the Company that a Sirona stockholder would otherwise have been entitled to receive.

On January 11, 2016, the respective stockholders of the Company and Sirona approved the proposed transaction. The transaction, which is expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2016, remains subject to the receipt of certain regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions. For additional information related to the Merger refer to the Company's Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-207669) filed with the SEC.

DENTSPLY believes that the dental products industry continues to experience consolidation with respect to both product manufacturing and distribution, although it remains fragmented thereby creating a number of acquisition opportunities. DENTSPLY also seeks to expand its position in consumable medical device products through acquisitions.

The Company views acquisitions as a key part of its growth strategy. These acquisition activities are intended to supplement the Company’s core growth and assure ongoing expansion of its business, including new technologies, additional products, organizational strength and geographic breadth.

Operating and Technical Expertise

DENTSPLY believes that its manufacturing capabilities are important to its success. The manufacturing processes of the Company’s products require substantial and varied technical expertise. Complex materials technology and processes are necessary to manufacture the Company’s products. The Company endeavors to automate its global manufacturing operations in order to improve quality and customer service and lower costs.

Financing

Information about DENTSPLY’s working capital, liquidity and capital resources is provided in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-K.

Competition

The Company conducts its operations, both domestic and foreign, under highly competitive market conditions. Competition in the dental and medical products industries is based primarily upon product performance, quality, safety and ease of use, as well as price, customer service, innovation and acceptance by clinicians, technicians and patients. DENTSPLY believes that its principal strengths include its well-established brand names, its reputation for high quality and innovative products, its leadership in product development and manufacturing, its global sales force, the breadth of its product line and distribution network, its commitment to customer satisfaction and support of the Company’s products by dental and medical professionals.

The size and number of the Company’s competitors vary by product line and from region to region. There are many companies that produce some, but not all, of the same types of products as those produced by the Company.

Regulation

The development, manufacture, sale and distribution of the Company’s products are subject to comprehensive governmental regulation both within and outside the United States. The following sections describe certain, but not all, of the significant regulations that apply to the Company. For a description of the risks related to the regulations that the Company is subject to, please refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”

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Certain of the Company’s products are classified as medical devices under the United States Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the “FDCA”). The FDCA requires these products, when sold in the United States, to be safe and effective for their intended use and to comply with the regulations administered by the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”). Certain medical device products are also regulated by comparable agencies in non-U.S. countries in which they are produced or sold.

Dental and medical devices of the types sold by DENTSPLY are generally classified by the FDA into a category that renders them subject only to general controls that apply to all medical devices, including regulations regarding alteration, misbranding, notification, record-keeping and good manufacturing practices. In the European Union, DENTSPLY’s products are subject to the medical devices laws of the various member states, which are based on a Directive of the European Commission. Such laws generally regulate the safety of the products in a similar way to the FDA regulations. DENTSPLY products in Europe bear the CE mark showing that such products adhere to European regulations.

All dental amalgam filling materials, including those manufactured and sold by DENTSPLY, contain mercury.  Various groups have alleged that dental amalgam containing mercury is harmful to human health and have actively lobbied state and federal lawmakers and regulators to pass laws or adopt regulatory changes restricting the use, or requiring a warning against alleged potential risks, of dental amalgams.  The FDA, the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Public Health Service have each indicated that there are no demonstrated direct adverse health effects due to exposure to dental amalgam.  In response to concerns raised by certain consumer groups regarding dental amalgam, the FDA formed an advisory committee in 2006 to review peer-reviewed scientific literature on the safety of dental amalgam.  In July 2009, the FDA concluded its review of dental amalgam, confirming its use as a safe and effective restorative material.  Also, as a result of this review, the FDA classified amalgam and its component parts, elemental mercury and powder alloy, as a Class II medical device.  Previously there was no classification for encapsulated amalgam, and dental mercury (Class I) and alloy (Class II) were classified separately.  This new regulation places encapsulated amalgam in the same class of devices as most other restorative materials, including composite and gold fillings, and makes amalgam subject to special controls by FDA.  In that respect, the FDA recommended that certain information about dental amalgam be provided, which includes information indicating that dental amalgam releases low levels of mercury vapor, and that studies on people ages six and over as well as FDA estimated exposures of children under six, have not indicated any adverse health risk associated with the use of dental amalgam.   After the FDA issued this regulation, several petitions were filed asking the FDA to reconsider its position.  Another advisory panel was established by the FDA to consider these petitions.  Hearings of the advisory panel were held in December 2010.  The FDA has taken no action as of the filing date of this Form 10-K from the 2010 advisory panel meeting.

In Europe, particularly in Scandinavia and Germany, the contents of mercury in amalgam filling materials have been the subject of public discussion. As a consequence, in 1994 the German health authorities required suppliers of dental amalgam to amend the instructions for use of amalgam filling materials to include a precaution against the use of amalgam for children less than eighteen years of age and to women of childbearing age. Additionally, some groups have asserted that the use of dental amalgam should be prohibited because of concerns about environmental impact from the disposition of mercury within dental amalgam, which has resulted in the sale of mercury containing products being banned in Sweden and severely curtailed in Norway. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency proposed in September 2014 certain effluent limitation guidelines and standards under the Clean Water Act to help cut discharges of mercury-containing dental amalgam to the environment. The rule would require affected dentists to use best available technology (amalgam separators) and other best management practices to control mercury discharges to publicly-owned treatment works. The Company strongly recommends adherence to the American Dental Association’s Best Management Practices for Amalgam Waste and includes this in every package of dental amalgam. DENTSPLY also manufactures and sells non-amalgam dental filling materials that do not contain mercury.

The Company is also subject to the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-bribery laws applicable in non-United States jurisdictions that generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from improperly offering or paying anything of value to non-United States government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Some of our customer relationships outside of the United States are with governmental entities and therefore may be subject to such anti-bribery laws. In the sale, delivery and servicing of our products outside of the United States, we must also comply with various export control and trade embargo laws and regulations, including those administered by the Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) and the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) which may require licenses or other authorizations for transactions relating to certain countries and/or with certain individuals identified by the United States government. Despite our internal compliance program, our policies and procedures may not always protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. Violations of these requirements are punishable by criminal or civil sanctions, including substantial fines and imprisonment.

The Company is subject to laws and regulations governing data privacy, including in the United States, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”) as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and

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Clinical Health Act of 2009, which restricts the use and disclosure of personal health information, mandates the adoption of standards relating to the privacy and security of individually identifiable health information and requires us to report certain breaches of unsecured, individually identifiable health information.

The U. S. Federal Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits persons from knowingly and willfully soliciting, offering, receiving or providing remuneration, directly or indirectly, in exchange for or to induce either the referral of an individual, or the furnishing or arranging for a good or service, for which payment may be made under a federal health care program, such as Medicare or Medicaid.

The Physician Payments Sunshine Provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act require the Company to record all transfers of value to physicians and teaching hospitals and to report this data to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for public disclosure. Similar reporting requirements have also been enacted in several states, and an increasing number of countries worldwide either have adopted or are considering similar laws requiring transparency of interactions with health care professionals.

The Company believes it is in substantial compliance with the laws and regulations that regulate its business.

Sources and Supply of Raw Materials and Finished Goods

The Company manufactures the majority of the products sold by the Company. Most of the raw materials used by the Company in the manufacture of its products are purchased from various suppliers and are typically available from numerous sources. No single supplier accounts for more than 10% of DENTSPLY’s supply requirements.

Intellectual Property

Products manufactured by DENTSPLY are sold primarily under its own trademarks and trade names. DENTSPLY also owns and maintains more than 2,500 patents throughout the world and is licensed under a number of patents owned by others.

DENTSPLY’s policy is to protect its products and technology through patents and trademark registrations both in the U.S. and in significant international markets. The Company carefully monitors trademark use worldwide and promotes enforcement of its patents and trademarks in a manner that is designed to balance the cost of such protection against obtaining the greatest value for the Company. DENTSPLY believes its patents and trademark properties are important and contribute to the Company’s marketing position but it does not consider its overall business to be materially dependent upon any individual patent or trademark.

Employees

At December 31, 2015, the Company and its subsidiaries employed approximately 11,400 employees. Of these employees, approximately 3,300 were employed in the United States and 8,100 in countries outside of the United States. Less than 5% of employees in the United States are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Some employees outside of the United States are covered by collective bargaining, union contract or other similar type program. The Company believes that it generally has a positive relationship with its employees.

Environmental Matters

DENTSPLY believes that its operations comply in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations. Maintaining this level of compliance has not had, and is not expected to have, a material effect on the Company’s capital expenditures or on its business.

Other Factors Affecting the Business

Approximately two-thirds of the Company’s sales are located in regions outside the U.S., and the Company’s consolidated net sales can be impacted negatively by the strengthening or positively by the weakening of the U.S. dollar. Additionally, movements in certain foreign exchange rates may unfavorably or favorably impact the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity as a number of the Company’s manufacturing and distribution operations are located outside of the U.S.

The Company’s business is subject to quarterly fluctuations of consolidated net sales and net income. The Company typically implements most of its price changes in the beginning of the first or fourth quarter. Price changes, other marketing and promotional programs as well as the management of inventory levels by distributors and the implementation of strategic initiatives, may impact sales levels in a given period. Sales for the industry and the Company are generally strongest in the second and fourth calendar

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quarters and weaker in the first and third calendar quarters, due to the effects of the items noted above and due to the impact of holidays and vacations, particularly throughout Europe.

The Company tries to maintain short lead times within its manufacturing, as such, the backlog on products is generally not material to the financial statements.

Securities and Exchange Act Reports

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including the Company, that file electronically with the SEC. The public can obtain any documents that the Company files with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov. The Company files annual reports, quarterly reports, proxy statements and other documents with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”). The public may read and copy any materials the Company files with the SEC at its Public Reference Room at the following address:

The Securities and Exchange Commission
100 F Street, NE
Washington, D.C. 20549

The public may obtain information on the operation of this Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

DENTSPLY also makes available free of charge through its website at www.DENTSPLY.com its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are filed with or furnished to the SEC.



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Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following are the significant risk factors that could materially impact DENTSPLY’s business, financial condition or future results. The order in which these factors appear should not be construed to indicate their relative importance or priority.

The proposed business combination transaction between the Company and Sirona Dental Systems, Inc. may present certain risks to the Company's business and operations.

On September 15, 2015, the Company and Sirona Dental Systems, Inc. (“Sirona”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) providing for a “merger of equals” business combination transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, which was approved by the boards of directors of the Company and Sirona, at the closing of the transaction each outstanding share of Sirona common stock will be converted into the right to receive 1.8142 shares of Company common stock.  On January 11, 2016, the respective stockholders of the Company and Sirona approved the proposed transaction. The Company expects the transaction, which remains subject to certain regulatory clearances and the satisfaction or waiver of closing conditions contained in the Merger Agreement, to close in the first quarter of 2016.
Risks Related to the Merger
The Merger is subject to the receipt of consents and clearances from foreign regulatory authorities that may impose conditions that could have an adverse effect on DENTSPLY or the combined company or, if not obtained, could prevent completion of the Merger.

Before the Merger may be completed, applicable waiting periods must expire or terminate under antitrust and competition laws. In deciding whether to grant regulatory clearances, the relevant governmental entities will consider the effect of the Merger on competition within their relevant jurisdiction. The terms and conditions of the approvals that are granted may impose requirements, limitations or costs or place restrictions on the conduct of the combined company’s business. The Merger agreement may require the Company and/or Sirona to comply with conditions imposed by regulatory entities and, in certain circumstances, either company may refuse to close the Merger on the basis of those regulatory conditions. There can be no assurance that regulators will not impose conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions and that such conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not have the effect of delaying completion of the Merger or imposing additional material costs on or materially limiting the revenues of the combined company following the Merger. In addition, neither DENTSPLY nor Sirona can provide assurance that any such conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not result in the delay or abandonment of the Merger.

Any delay in completing the merger may reduce or eliminate the benefits expected to be achieved thereunder.

In addition to the required regulatory clearances, the Merger is subject to a number of other conditions beyond the Company’s and Sirona’s control that may prevent, delay or otherwise materially adversely affect its completion. DENTSPLY cannot predict whether and when these other conditions will be satisfied. Furthermore, the requirements for obtaining the required clearances and approvals could delay the completion of the Merger for a significant period of time or prevent it from occurring. Any delay in completing the merger could cause the combined company not to realize, or to be delayed in realizing, some or all of the synergies that the Company expects to achieve if the Merger is successfully completed within its expected time frame.

Uncertainties associated with the merger may cause a loss of management personnel and other key employees which could adversely affect the future business and operations of the combined company.

The Company and Sirona are dependent on the experience and industry knowledge of their respective officers and other key employees to execute their business plans. DENTSPLY and Sirona’s current and prospective employees may experience uncertainty about their roles within the combined company following the Merger, which may have an adverse effect on the ability of each of the Company and Sirona to attract or retain key management and other key personnel. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the combined company will be able to attract or retain key management personnel and other key employees of the Company and Sirona to the same extent that the Company and Sirona have previously been able to attract or retain employees. A failure by the Company, Sirona, or, following the completion of the Merger, the combined company to attract, retain and motivate executives and other key employees during the period prior to or after the completion of the Merger could have a negative impact on their respective businesses.

Lawsuits have been filed against each of the Company and Sirona’s board of directors challenging the Merger and an adverse ruling may prevent the merger from being completed.

The Company, Merger Sub and the members of Sirona’s board of directors were named as defendants in lawsuits brought by Sirona stockholders challenging the merger and seeking, among other things, injunctive relief to enjoin the defendants from

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completing the merger on the agreed-upon terms. Additional lawsuits may be filed against the Company, Merger Sub, Sirona and/or their respective directors or officers in connection with the Merger.

One of the conditions to the closing of the merger is the absence of any order, injunction, decree, statute, rule or regulation by a court or other governmental entity that makes illegal or prohibits the consummation of the merger or the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. Consequently, if a settlement or other resolution is not reached in the lawsuits referenced above and the plaintiffs secure injunctive or other relief prohibiting, delaying or otherwise adversely affecting the parties’ ability to complete the merger, then such injunctive or other relief may prevent the merger from becoming effective within the expected time frame or at all.

Failure to complete the Merger could negatively impact the stock prices and the future business and financial results of DENTSPLY and Sirona.

Completion of the Merger is not assured and is subject to risks, including the risks that approval by governmental entities will not be obtained or that certain other closing conditions will not be satisfied. If the Merger is not completed, the ongoing businesses and financial results of the Company and/or Sirona may be adversely affected and DENTSPLY and/or Sirona will be subject to several risks, including the following:

having to pay certain significant costs relating to the merger without receiving the benefits of the merger, including, in certain circumstances, a termination fee of $280 million, in the case of DENTSPLY, and a termination fee of $205 million, in the case of Sirona;
the potential loss of key personnel during the pendency of the merger as employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles with the combined company;
DENTSPLY and Sirona will have been subject to certain restrictions on the conduct of their businesses which may have prevented the respective companies from making certain acquisitions or dispositions or pursuing certain business opportunities while the merger was pending; and
having had the focus of each companies’ management on the merger instead of on pursuing other opportunities that could have been beneficial to the companies.

If the merger is not completed, DENTSPLY and Sirona cannot assure their respective stockholders that these risks will not materialize and will not materially adversely affect the business, financial results and stock prices of DENTSPLY or Sirona.

The Merger agreement contains provisions that could discourage a potential competing acquirer of either the Company or Sirona.

The Merger Agreement contains “no shop” provisions that, subject to limited exceptions, restrict each of DENTSPLY and Sirona’s ability to solicit, initiate or knowingly encourage and induce, or take any other action designed to facilitate competing third-party proposals relating to a merger, reorganization or consolidation of the company or an acquisition of the company’s stock or assets.

These provisions could discourage a potential third-party acquirer that might have an interest in acquiring all or a significant portion of the Company or Sirona from considering or proposing that acquisition, even if it were prepared to pay consideration with a higher per share cash or market value than the market value proposed to be received or realized in the Merger or might result in a potential third-party acquirer proposing to pay a lower price to the stockholders than it might otherwise have proposed to pay because of the added expense of the $280 million or $205 million termination fee, as applicable, that may become payable in certain circumstances.

If the Merger Agreement is terminated and either the Company or Sirona determines to seek another business combination, it may not be able to negotiate a transaction with another party on terms comparable to, or better than, the terms of the Merger.

The Company and Sirona’s executive officers and directors have certain interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of DENTSPLY and Sirona stockholders generally.

DENTSPLY’s and Sirona’s executive officers and directors have certain interests in the merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of DENTSPLY stockholders and Sirona stockholders generally. DENTSPLY’s executive officers and Sirona’s executive officers negotiated the terms of the merger agreement. The executive officers of DENTSPLY and Sirona have arrangements with DENTSPLY or Sirona, as applicable, that provide for severance benefits if their employment is terminated under certain circumstances following the completion of the Merger. In addition, certain of Sirona’s compensation and benefit plans and arrangements provide for payment or accelerated vesting or distribution of certain rights or benefits upon completion

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of the Merger. Under the Merger Agreement, DENTSPLY and Sirona may act before completion of the Merger to accelerate the vesting of equity awards (restricted stock units and, in the case of DENTSPLY, also stock options) held by some or all of its non-employee directors who will not continue as directors of the combined company after the Merger. Executive officers and directors also have rights to indemnification and directors’ and officers’ liability insurance that will survive completion of the merger.

Upon completion of the Merger, the board of directors of the combined company will be comprised of eleven members, consisting of six of DENTSPLY’s current directors and five of Sirona’s current directors. Mr. Jeffery T. Slovin, currently a Director and the President and Chief Executive Officer of Sirona, will serve as a Director and as Chief Executive Officer of the combined company, and Mr. Wise, DENTSPLY’s current Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, will serve as Executive Chairman of the board of directors of the combined company. Additionally, the combined company’s management team will include executives from each of DENTSPLY and Sirona. From DENTSPLY, Christopher T. Clark (the current President and Chief Financial Officer of DENTSPLY) will serve as President and Chief Operating Officer, Technologies of the combined company, and James G. Mosch (the current Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of DENTSPLY) will serve as President and Chief Operating Officer, Dental and Healthcare Consumables of the combined company. From Sirona, Ulrich Michel (the current Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Sirona) will serve as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the combined company.

Each of DENTSPLY’s and Sirona’s boards of directors were aware of these interests at the time each approved the Merger and the transactions contemplated by the Merger agreement. These interests, including the continued employment of certain of DENTSPLY’s and Sirona’s executive officers by the combined company, the continued positions of certain of DENTSPLY’S and Sirona’s directors as directors of the combined company and the indemnification of former directors and officers by the combined company, may cause DENTSPLY’S and Sirona’s directors and executive officers to view the Merger proposal differently and more favorably than stockholders generally.

Current holders of DENTSPLY’s and Sirona’s common stock will have a reduced ownership and voting interest after the Merger and will exercise less influence over management.

Current holders of DENTSPLY and Sirona common stock have the right to vote in the election of the board of directors and on other matters affecting DENTSPLY and Sirona, respectively. Upon the completion of the Merger, each of Sirona’s stockholders who receives shares of DENTSPLY common stock will become a stockholder of the combined company with a percentage ownership of the combined company that is smaller than such stockholder’s percentage ownership of Sirona. Similarly, after completion of the Merger, the shares of combined company common stock retained by each DENTSPLY stockholder will represent a smaller percentage ownership of the combined company. It is currently expected that Sirona’s stockholders immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger as a group will receive shares in the Merger constituting approximately 42% of the shares of combined company common stock on a fully diluted basis immediately after the Merger. As a result, stockholders of DENTSPLY immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger as a group will own approximately 58% of the shares of combined company common stock on a fully diluted basis immediately after the Merger. Because of this, DENTSPLY and Sirona stockholders will have less influence on the management and policies of the combined company than they now have on the management and policies of DENTSPLY and Sirona, respectively.

Risks Related to the Combined Company Following the Merger
The combined company may be unable to integrate successfully DENTSPLY’s and Sirona’s businesses and realize the anticipated benefits of the Merger.

The success of the Merger will depend, in large part, on the ability of the combined company to realize the anticipated benefits, including cost savings, from combining DENTSPLY and Sirona’s businesses. To realize these anticipated benefits, DENTSPLY and Sirona’s businesses must be successfully integrated. This integration will be complex and time consuming. The failure to integrate successfully and to manage successfully the challenges presented by the integration process may result in the combined company not fully achieving the anticipated benefits of the Merger. Potential difficulties the combined company may encounter as part of the integration process include, but are not limited to, the following:

the inability to successfully combine DENTSPLY and Sirona’s businesses in a manner that permits the combined company to achieve the full revenue and cost synergies anticipated to result from the Merger;
complexities associated with managing the combined businesses, including the challenge of integrating complex systems, technology, networks and other assets of each of the companies in a seamless manner that minimizes any adverse impact on customers, suppliers, employees and other constituencies;
coordinating geographically separated organizations, systems and facilities;
addressing possible differences in business backgrounds, corporate cultures and management philosophies;

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integrating the workforces of the two companies while maintaining focus on providing consistent, high quality customer service; and
potential unknown liabilities and unforeseen increased or new expenses, delays or regulatory conditions associated with the Merger.

In addition, DENTSPLY and Sirona have operated and, until the completion of the Merger, will continue to operate independently. It is possible that the integration process could result in:

diversion of the attention of each company’s management;
disruption of existing relationships with distributors, suppliers and other manufacturers in the industry that drive a substantial amount of revenues to each company; and
the disruption of, or the loss of momentum in, each company’s ongoing businesses or inconsistencies in standards, controls, procedures and policies, any of which could adversely affect each company’s ability to maintain relationships with customers, suppliers, employees and other constituencies, DENTSPLY or Sirona’s ability to achieve the anticipated benefits of the Merger, or which could reduce each company’s earnings or otherwise adversely affect the business and financial results of the combined company.

The Merger may not be accretive and may cause dilution to the combined company’s adjusted earnings per share, which may negatively affect the market price of the combined company’s common stock.

DENTSPLY and Sirona currently anticipate that the Merger will be accretive to stockholders on an adjusted earnings per share basis within the first full year following the completion of the Merger. This expectation is based on preliminary estimates, which may materially change. The combined company could also encounter additional transaction and integration-related costs or other factors such as the failure to realize all of the benefits anticipated in the Merger. All of these factors could cause dilution to the combined company’s adjusted earnings per share or decrease or delay the expected accretive effect of the Merger and cause a decrease in the market value of the combined company’s common stock.

The future results of the combined company will suffer if the combined company does not effectively manage its expanded operations following the Merger.

Following the Merger, the size of the business of the combined company will increase significantly beyond the current size of either DENTSPLY or Sirona’s business. The combined company’s future success depends, in part, upon its ability to manage this expanded business, which will pose substantial challenges for management, including challenges related to the management and monitoring of new operations and associated increased costs and complexity. There can be no assurances that the combined company will be successful or that it will realize the expected operating efficiencies, cost savings, revenue enhancements and other benefits currently anticipated from the Merger.

The combined company is expected to incur substantial expenses related to the Merger and the integration of DENTSPLY and Sirona.

The combined company is expected to incur substantial expenses in connection with the Merger and the integration of DENTSPLY and Sirona. There are a large number of processes, policies, procedures, operations, technologies and systems that must be integrated, including purchasing, accounting and finance, sales, payroll, pricing, revenue management, manufacturing, research and development, marketing and benefits. While DENTSPLY and Sirona have assumed that a certain level of expenses would be incurred, there are many factors beyond each company’s control that could affect the total amount or the timing of the integration expenses. Moreover, many of the expenses that will be incurred are, by their nature, difficult to estimate accurately. These expenses could, particularly in the near term, exceed the savings that the combined company expects to achieve from the elimination of duplicative expenses and the realization of economies of scale and cost savings. These integration expenses likely will result in the combined company taking significant charges against earnings following the completion of the Merger, and the amount and timing of such charges are uncertain at present.

These risks, as they relate to the Company as part of the combined company and additional risks associated with the merger, are described in more detail under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-207669) filed with the SEC.

Negative changes could occur in the dental or medical device markets, the general economic environments, or government reimbursement or regulatory programs of the regions in which the Company operates.


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The success of the Company is largely dependent upon the continued strength of dental and medical device markets and is also somewhat dependent upon the general economic environments of the regions in which DENTSPLY operates. Negative changes to these markets and economies could materially impact the Company’s results of operations and financial condition. In many markets, dental reimbursement is largely out of pocket for the consumer and thus utilization rates can vary significantly depending on economic growth. For instance, data suggests that the utilization of dental services by working age adults in the U.S. may have declined over the last several years. Additionally, there is also uncertainty as to what impact the Affordable Care Act may have on dental utilization in the U.S. In certain markets, particularly in the European Union, government and regulatory programs have a more significant impact than in other markets. Changes to these programs could have a positive or negative impact on the Company’s results.

Prolonged negative economic conditions in domestic and global markets may adversely affect the Company’s suppliers and customers and consumers, which could harm the Company’s financial position.

Prolonged negative changes in domestic and global economic conditions or disruptions of either or both of the financial and credit markets may affect the Company’s supply chain and the customers and consumers of the Company’s products and may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

Due to the Company’s international operations, the Company is exposed to the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates.

Due to the international nature of DENTSPLY’s business, movements in foreign exchange rates may impact the consolidated statements of operations. With approximately two-thirds of the Company’s sales located in regions outside the U.S., the Company’s consolidated net sales are impacted negatively by the strengthening or positively by the weakening of the U.S. dollar. Additionally, movements in certain foreign exchange rates may unfavorably or favorably impact the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity as a number of the Company’s manufacturing and distribution operations are located outside of the U.S. Changes in exchange rates may have a negative effect on the Company’s customers’ access to credit as well as on the underlying strength of particular economies and dental markets. Although the Company may use certain financial instruments to attempt to mitigate market fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, there can be no assurance that such measures will be effective or that they will not create additional financial obligations on the Company.

Volatility in the capital markets or investment vehicles could limit the Company’s ability to access capital or could raise the cost of capital.

Although the Company continues to have positive operating cash flow, a disruption in the credit markets may reduce sources of liquidity available to the Company. The Company relies on multiple financial institutions to provide funding pursuant to existing and/or future credit agreements, and those institutions may not be able to provide funding in a timely manner, or at all, when required by the Company. The cost of or lack of available credit could impact the Company’s ability to develop sufficient liquidity to maintain or grow the Company, which in turn may adversely affect the Company’s businesses and results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

The Company also manages cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments through various institutions. There may be a risk of loss on investments based on the volatility of the underlying instruments that would not allow the Company to recover the full principal of its investments.

The Company may not be able to access or renew its precious metal consignment facilities resulting in a liquidity constraint equal to the fair market value of the precious metal value of inventory and would subject the Company to inventory valuation risk as the value of the precious metal inventory fluctuates resulting in greater volatility to reported earnings.

The Company’s quarterly operating results and market price for the Company’s common stock may be volatile.

DENTSPLY experiences fluctuations in quarterly sales and earnings due to a number of factors, many of which are substantially outside of the Company’s control, including but not limited to:

The timing of new product introductions by DENTSPLY and its competitors;
Timing of industry trade shows;
Changes in customer inventory levels;
Developments in government reimbursement policies;
Changes in customer preferences and product mix;
The Company’s ability to supply products to meet customer demand;
Fluctuations in manufacturing costs;

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Changes in income tax laws and incentives which could create adverse tax consequences;
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates; and
General economic conditions, as well as those specific to the healthcare and related industries.

As a result, the Company may fail to meet the expectations of securities analysts and investors, which could cause its stock price to decline. Quarterly fluctuations generally result in net sales and operating profits historically being higher in the second and fourth quarters. The Company typically implements most of its price changes early in the fourth quarter or beginning of the year. These price changes, other marketing and promotional programs, which are offered to customers from time to time in the ordinary course of business, the management of inventory levels by distributors and the implementation of strategic initiatives, may impact sales levels in a given period. Net sales and operating profits generally have been lower in the first and third quarters, primarily due not only to increased sales in the quarters preceding these quarters, but also due to the impact of holidays and vacations, particularly throughout Europe.

In addition to fluctuations in quarterly earnings, a variety of other factors may have a significant impact on the market price of DENTSPLY’s common stock causing volatility. These factors include, but are not limited to, the publication of earnings estimates or other research reports and speculation in the press or investment community; changes in the Company’s industry and competitors; the Company’s financial condition and cash flows; any future issuances of DENTSPLY’s common stock, which may include primary offerings for cash, stock splits, issuances in connection with business acquisitions, restricted stock and the grant or exercise of stock options from time to time; general market and economic conditions; and any outbreak or escalation of hostilities in geographical areas in which the Company does business.

Also, the NASDAQ National Market (“NASDAQ”) can experience extreme price and volume fluctuations that can be unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of the companies listed on the NASDAQ. Broad market and industry factors may negatively affect the market price of the Company’s common stock, regardless of actual operating performance. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies. This type of litigation, if instituted, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could harm the Company’s business.

The dental and medical device supplies markets are highly competitive and there is no guarantee that the Company can compete successfully.

The worldwide markets for dental and medical products are highly competitive. There can be no assurance that the Company will successfully identify new product opportunities and develop and market new products successfully, or that new products and technologies introduced by competitors will not render the Company’s products obsolete or noncompetitive. Additionally, the size and number of the Company’s competitors vary by product line and from region to region. There are many companies that produce some, but not all, of the same types of products as those produced by the Company. Certain of DENTSPLY’s competitors may have greater resources than the Company. In addition, the Company is exposed to the risk that its competitors or its customers may introduce private label, generic, or low cost products that compete with the Company’s products at lower price points. If these competitors’ products capture significant market share or result in a decrease in market prices overall, this could have a negative impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.

The Company may be unable to develop innovative products or obtain regulatory approval for new products.

The market for DENTSPLY’s products is characterized by rapid and significant technological change, new intellectual property associated with that technological change, evolving industry standards, and new product introductions. Additionally, DENTSPLY’s patent portfolio continues to change with patents expiring through the normal course of their life. There can be no assurance that DENTSPLY’s products will not lose their competitive advantage or become noncompetitive or obsolete as a result of such factors, or that we will be able to generate any economic return on the Company’s investment in product development. If the Company’s products or technologies lose their competitive advantage or become noncompetitive or obsolete, DENTSPLY’s business could be negatively affected.

DENTSPLY has identified new products as an important part of its growth opportunities. There can be no assurance that DENTSPLY will be able to continue to develop innovative products and that regulatory approval of any new products will be obtained from applicable U.S. or international government or regulatory authorities, or that if such approvals are obtained, such products will be favorably accepted in the marketplace. Additionally, there is no assurance that entirely new technology or approaches to dental treatment or competitors’ new products will not be introduced that could render the Company’s products obsolete.



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DENTSPLY’s business is subject to extensive, complex and changing laws, regulations and orders that failure to comply with could subject us to civil or criminal penalties or other liabilities.

DENTSPLY is subject to extensive laws, regulations and orders which are administered by various international, federal and state governmental authorities, including, among others, the FDA, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury (“OFAC”), the Bureau of Industry and Security of the United States Department of Commerce (“BIS”), the United States Federal Trade Commission, the United States Department of Justice and other similar domestic and foreign authorities. These regulations include, but are not limited to, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar international anti-bribery laws, the U.S. Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, the Physician Payments Sunshine Act, regulations concerning the supply of conflict minerals, various environmental regulations and regulations relating to trade, import and export controls and economic sanctions.  Such laws, regulations and orders may be complex and are subject to change.

Compliance with the numerous applicable existing and new laws, regulations and orders could require us to incur substantial regulatory compliance costs.  Although the Company has implemented policies and procedures to comply with applicable laws, regulations and orders, there can be no assurance that governmental authorities will not raise compliance concerns or perform audits to confirm compliance with such laws, regulations and orders. Failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations or orders could result in a range of governmental enforcement actions, including fines or penalties, injunctions and/or criminal or other civil proceedings. Any such actions could result in higher than anticipated costs or lower than anticipated revenue and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.

In 2012, the Company received subpoenas from the United States Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of Indiana (the “USAO”) and from OFAC requesting documents and information related to compliance with export controls and economic sanctions regulations by certain of its subsidiaries. The Company also voluntarily contacted OFAC and BIS regarding compliance with export controls and economic sanctions regulations by certain other business units of the Company identified in an ongoing internal review by the Company. The Company is cooperating with the USAO, OFAC and BIS with respect to these matters.

The Company may fail to realize the expected benefits of its cost reduction and restructuring efforts.

In order to operate more efficiently and control costs, the Company may announce from time to time restructuring plans, including workforce reductions, global facility consolidations and other cost reduction initiatives that are intended to generate operating expense or cost of goods sold savings through direct and indirect overhead expense reductions as well as other savings. The Company has targeted adjusted operating income margins of at least 20% as the benefits of these initiatives, net of related investments, are realized over time. Due to the complexities inherent in implementing these types of cost reduction and restructuring activities, and the quarterly phasing of related investments, the Company may fail to realize expected efficiencies and benefits, or may experience a delay in realizing such efficiencies and benefits, and its operations and business could be disrupted. Company management may be required to divert their focus to managing these disruptions, and implementation may require the agreement of the Company’s labor unions. Risks associated with these actions and other workforce management issues include delays in implementation of anticipated workforce reductions, additional unexpected costs, changes in restructuring plans that increase or decrease the number of employees affected, negative impact on the Company’s relationship with labor unions, adverse effects on employee morale, and the failure to meet operational targets due to the loss of employees, any of which may impair the Company’s ability to achieve anticipated cost reductions or may otherwise harm its business, and could have a material adverse effect on its competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

The Company may be unable to obtain a supply for certain finished goods purchased from third parties.

A significant portion of the Company’s injectable anesthetic products, orthodontic products, certain dental cutting instruments, catheters, nickel titanium products and certain other products and raw materials are purchased from a limited number of suppliers and in certain cases single source suppliers, some of which may also compete with the Company. As there are a limited number of suppliers for these products, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain an adequate supply of these products and raw materials in the future. Any delays in delivery of or shortages in these products could interrupt and delay manufacturing of the Company’s products and result in the cancellation of orders for these products. In addition, these suppliers could discontinue the manufacture or supply of these products to the Company at any time or supply products to competitors. DENTSPLY may not be able to identify and integrate alternative sources of supply in a timely fashion or at all. Any transition to alternate suppliers may result in delays in shipment and increased expenses and may limit the Company’s ability to deliver products to customers. If the Company is unable to develop reasonably priced alternative sources in a timely manner, or if the Company encounters delays or other difficulties in the supply or manufacturing of such products and other materials internally or from third parties, the Company’s business and results of operations may be harmed.


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DENTSPLY may be unable to obtain necessary product approvals and marketing clearances.

DENTSPLY must obtain certain approvals and marketing clearances from governmental authorities, including the FDA and similar health authorities in foreign countries to manufacture, market and sell its products. These regulatory agencies regulate the marketing, manufacturing, labeling, packaging, advertising, sale and distribution of medical devices, including the export of medical devices to foreign countries.

The regulatory review process which must be completed prior to marketing a new medical device may delay or hinder a product’s timely entry into the marketplace. There can be no assurance that the review or approval process for these products by the FDA or any other applicable governmental authority will occur in a timely fashion, if at all, or that additional regulations will not be adopted or current regulations amended in such a manner as will adversely affect the Company. The FDA also oversees the content of advertising and marketing materials relating to medical devices which have received FDA clearance. Delays or failure to receive the necessary product approvals from governmental authorities could negatively impact DENTSPLY’s operations.

There also can be no assurance that regulatory agencies may not disallow the use of certain raw material components, which could have a negative impact on the Company’s ability to manufacture, market and sell particular products or product lines.

Inventories maintained by the Company’s customers may fluctuate from time to time.

The Company relies in part on its predictions of dealer and customer inventory levels in projecting future demand levels and financial results. These inventory levels may fluctuate, and may differ from the Company’s predictions, resulting in the Company’s projections of future results being different than expected. There can be no assurance that the Company’s dealers and customers will maintain levels of inventory in accordance with the Company’s predictions or past history, or that the timing of customers’ inventory build or liquidation will be in accordance with the Company’s predictions or past history.

Changes in or interpretations of, tax rules, operating structures, country profitability mix and regulations may adversely affect the Company’s effective tax rates.

The Company is a U.S. based multinational company subject to tax in multiple U.S. and foreign tax jurisdictions. Unanticipated changes in the Company’s tax rates could affect its future results of operations. The Company’s future effective tax rates could be unfavorably affected by factors such as changes in, or interpretation of, tax rules and regulations in the jurisdictions in which the Company does business, by structural changes in the Company’s businesses, by unanticipated decreases in the amount of revenue or earnings in countries with low statutory tax rates, or by changes in the valuation of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities.

The Company’s expansion through acquisition involves risks and may not result in the expected benefits.

The Company continues to view acquisitions as a key part of its growth strategy. The Company continues to be active in evaluating potential acquisitions although there is no assurance that these efforts will result in completed transactions as there are many factors that affect the success of such activities. If the Company does succeed in acquiring a business or product, there can be no assurance that the Company will achieve any of the benefits that it might anticipate from such an acquisition and the attention and effort devoted to the integration of an acquired business could divert management’s attention from normal business operations. If the Company makes acquisitions, it may incur debt, assume contingent liabilities and/or additional risks, or create additional expenses, any of which might adversely affect its financial results. Any financing that the Company might need for acquisitions may only be available on terms that restrict its business or that impose additional costs that reduce its operating results.

Challenges may be asserted against the Company’s products due to real or perceived quality or health issues.

The Company manufactures and sells a wide portfolio of dental and medical device products. While the Company endeavors to ensure that its products are safe and effective, there can be no assurance that there may not be challenges from time to time regarding the real or perceived quality or health impact of the Company’s products or certain raw material components of the Company’s products. All dental amalgam filling materials, including those manufactured and sold by DENTSPLY, contain mercury. Some groups have asserted that amalgam should be discontinued because of its mercury content and/or that disposal of mercury containing products may be harmful to the environment. If governmental authorities elect to place restrictions or significant regulations on the sale and/or disposal of dental amalgam, that could have an adverse impact on the Company’s sales of dental amalgam. DENTSPLY also manufactures and sells non-amalgam dental filling materials that do not contain mercury but that may contain bisphenol-A, commonly called BPA. BPA is found in many everyday items, such as plastic bottles, foods, detergents and toys, and may be found in certain dental composite materials or sealants either as a by-product of other ingredients that have degraded, or as a trace material left over from the manufacture of other ingredients used in such composites or sealants. The FDA

18



currently allows the use of BPA in dental materials, medical devices, and food packaging. Nevertheless, public reports and concerns regarding the potential hazards of dental amalgam or of BPA could contribute to a perceived safety risk for the Company’s products that contain mercury or BPA. Adverse publicity about the quality or safety of our products, whether or not ultimately based on fact, may have an adverse effect on our brand, reputation and operating results.

Issues related to the quality and safety of the Company’s products, ingredients or packaging could cause a product recall or discontinuation resulting in harm to the Company’s reputation and negatively impacting the Company’s operating results.

The Company’s products generally maintain a good reputation with customers and end-users. Issues related to quality and safety of products, ingredients or packaging, could jeopardize the Company’s image and reputation. Negative publicity related to these types of concerns, whether valid or not, might negatively impact demand for the Company’s products or cause production and delivery disruptions. The Company may need to recall or discontinue products if they become unfit for use. In addition, the Company could potentially be subject to litigation or government action, which could result in payment of fines or damages. Cost associated with these potential actions could negatively affect the Company’s operating results, financial condition and liquidity.

The Company’s Orthodontics business is subject to risk.

The Company sources a substantial portion of its orthodontic products from a Japanese supplier under an agreement that is subject to periodic renewal. The Company also has established alternative sources of supply. The market for orthodontic products is highly competitive and subject to significant negative price pressure.

Changes in or interpretations of, accounting principles could result in unfavorable charges to operations.

The Company prepares its consolidated financial statements in accordance with US GAAP. These principles are subject to interpretation by the SEC and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting principles. Market conditions have prompted accounting standard setters to issue new guidance which further interprets or seeks to revise accounting pronouncements related to financial instruments, structures or transactions as well as to issue new standards expanding disclosures. It is possible that future accounting standards the Company would be required to adopt could change the current accounting treatment applied to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and such changes could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

If the Company’s goodwill or intangible assets become impaired, the Company may be required to record a significant charge to earnings.

Under US GAAP, the Company reviews its goodwill and intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Additionally, goodwill is required to be tested for impairment at least annually. The valuations used to determine the fair values used to test goodwill or intangible assets are dependent upon various assumptions and reflect management’s best estimates. Net sales growth, discount rates, earnings multiples and future cash flows are critical assumptions used to determine these fair values. Slower net sales growth rates in the dental or medical device industries, an increase in discount rates, unfavorable changes in earnings multiples or a decline in future cash flows, among other factors, may cause a change in circumstances indicating that the carrying value of the Company’s goodwill or intangible assets may not be recoverable. The Company may be required to record a significant charge to earnings in the financial statements during the period in which any impairment of the Company’s goodwill or intangible assets is determined.

The Company faces the inherent risk of litigation and claims.

The Company’s business involves a risk of product liability and other types of legal actions or claims, including possible recall actions affecting the Company’s products. The primary risks to which the Company is exposed are related to those products manufactured by the Company. The Company has insurance policies, including product liability insurance, covering these risks in amounts that are considered adequate; however, the Company cannot provide assurance that the maintained coverage is sufficient to cover future claims or that the coverage will be available in adequate amounts or at a reasonable cost. Also, other types of claims asserted against the Company may not be covered by insurance. A successful claim brought against the Company in excess of available insurance, or another type of claim which is uninsured or that results in significant adverse publicity against the Company, could harm its business and overall cash flows of the Company.

Various parties, including the Company, own and maintain patents and other intellectual property rights applicable to the dental and medical device fields. Although the Company believes it operates in a manner that does not infringe upon any third

19



party intellectual property rights, it is possible that a party could assert that one or more of the Company’s products infringe upon such party’s intellectual property and force the Company to pay damages and/or discontinue the sale of certain products.

Increasing exposure to markets outside of the U.S. and Europe.

We anticipate that sales outside of the U.S. and Europe will continue to expand and account for a significant portion of DENTSPLY’s revenue. Operating in such locations is subject to a number of uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the following:

Economic and political instability;
Import or export licensing requirements;
Additional compliance-related risks;
Trade restrictions;
Product registration requirements;
Longer payment cycles;
Changes in regulatory requirements and tariffs;
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates;
Potentially adverse tax consequences; and
Potentially weak protection of intellectual property rights.

The Company’s success is dependent upon its management and employees.

The Company’s success is dependent upon its management and employees. The loss of senior management employees or failure to recruit and train needed managerial, sales and technical personnel, could have a material adverse effect on the Company.

The Company may be unable to sustain the operational and technical expertise that is key to its success.

DENTSPLY believes that its manufacturing capabilities are important to its success. The manufacture of the Company’s products requires substantial and varied technical expertise. Complex materials technology and processes are necessary to manufacture the Company’s products. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to maintain the necessary operational and technical expertise that is key to its success.

A large number of the Company’s products are manufactured in single manufacturing facilities.

Although the Company maintains multiple manufacturing facilities, a large number of the products manufactured by the Company are manufactured in facilities that are the sole source of such products. As there are a limited number of alternative suppliers for these products, any disruption at a particular Company manufacturing facility could lead to delays, increased expenses, and may damage the Company’s business and results of operations.

The Company relies heavily on information and technology to operate its business networks, and any disruption to its technology infrastructure or the Internet could harm the Company’s operations.

DENTSPLY operates many aspects of its business including financial reporting and customer relationship management through server- and web-based technologies, and stores various types of data on such servers or with third-parties who may in turn store it on servers or in the “cloud”. Any disruption to the Internet or to the Company’s or its service providers’ global technology infrastructure, including malware, insecure coding, “Acts of God,” attempts to penetrate networks, data leakage and human error, could pose a threat to the Company’s operations. While DENTSPLY has invested and continues to invest in information technology risk management and disaster recovery plans, these measures cannot fully insulate the Company from technology disruptions or data loss and the resulting adverse effect on the Company’s operations and financial results.

The Company may not generate sufficient cash flow to service its debt, pay its contractual obligations and operate the business.

DENTSPLY’s ability to make payments on its indebtedness and contractual obligations, and to fund its operations depends on its future performance and financial results, which, to a certain extent, are subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors and the interest rate environment that are beyond its control. Although senior management believes that the Company has and will continue to have sufficient liquidity, there can be no assurance that DENTSPLY’s business will generate sufficient cash flow from operations in the future to service its debt, pay its contractual obligations and operate its business.


20



The Company may not be able to repay its outstanding debt in the event that cross default provisions are triggered due to a breach of loan covenants.

DENTSPLY’s existing borrowing documentation contains a number of covenants and financial ratios, which it is required to satisfy. Any breach of any such covenants or restrictions, the most restrictive of which pertain to asset dispositions, maintenance of certain levels of net worth, and prescribed ratios of indebtedness to total capital and operating income excluding depreciation and amortization of interest expense, would result in a default under the existing borrowing documentation that would permit the lenders to declare all borrowings under such documentation to be immediately due and payable and, through cross default provisions, would entitle DENTSPLY’s other lenders to accelerate their loans. DENTSPLY may not be able to meet its obligations under its outstanding indebtedness in the event that any cross default provisions are triggered.

DENTSPLY has a significant amount of indebtedness. A breach of the covenants under DENTSPLY’s debt instruments outstanding from time to time could result in an event of default under the applicable agreement.

The Company has debt securities outstanding of approximately $1.2 billion. DENTSPLY also has the ability to incur up to $500 million of indebtedness under the Revolving Credit Facility and may incur significantly more indebtedness in the future.

DENTSPLY’s level of indebtedness and related debt service obligations could have negative consequences including:

making it more difficult for the Company to satisfy its obligations with respect to its indebtedness;
requiring DENTSPLY to dedicate significant cash flow from operations to the payment of principal and interest on its indebtedness, which would reduce the funds the Company has available for other purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures and acquisitions; and
reducing DENTSPLY’s flexibility in planning for or reacting to changes in its business and market conditions.

DENTSPLY’s current debt agreements contain a number of covenants and financial ratios, which the Company is required to satisfy. Under the Note Purchase Agreement dated December 11, 2015, the Company will be required to maintain ratios of debt outstanding to total capital not to exceed the ratio of 0.6 to 1.0, and operating income less depreciation and amortization to interest expense of not less than 3.0 times. All of the Company’s outstanding debt agreements have been amended to reflect these covenants. The Company may need to reduce the amount of its indebtedness outstanding from time to time in order to comply with such ratios, though no assurance can be given that DENTSPLY will be able to do so. DENTSPLY’s failure to maintain such ratios or a breach of the other covenants under its debt agreements outstanding from time to time could result in an event of default under the applicable agreement. Such a default may allow the creditors to accelerate the related indebtedness and may result in the acceleration of any other indebtedness to which a cross-acceleration or cross-default provision applies.

Changes in our credit ratings or macroeconomic impacts on credit markets may increase our cost of capital and limit financing options.

We utilize the short and long-term debt markets to obtain capital from time to time. Adverse changes in our credit ratings may result in increased borrowing costs for future long-term debt or short-term borrowing facilities which may in turn limit financing options, including our access to the unsecured borrowing market. We may also be subject to additional restrictive covenants that would reduce our flexibility. In addition, macroeconomic conditions, such as continued or increased volatility or disruption in the credit markets, would adversely affect our ability to refinance existing debt or obtain additional financing to support operations or to fund new acquisitions or capital-intensive internal initiatives.

Certain provisions in the Company’s governing documents, and of Delaware law, may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire DENTSPLY.

Certain provisions of DENTSPLY’s Certificate of Incorporation and By-laws and of Delaware law could have the effect of making it difficult for a third party to acquire control of DENTSPLY. Such provisions include, among others, a provision allowing the Board of Directors to issue preferred stock having rights senior to those of the common stock and certain procedural requirements which make it difficult for stockholders to amend DENTSPLY’s By-laws and call special meetings of stockholders. In addition, members of DENTSPLY’s management and participants in its Employee Stock Ownership Plan (“ESOP”) collectively own approximately 4% of the outstanding common stock of DENTSPLY. Delaware law imposes some restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between the Company and any holder of 15% or more of the Company’s outstanding common stock.





21



The Company’s results could be negatively impacted by a natural disaster or similar event.

The Company operates in more than 120 countries and its and its suppliers’ manufacturing facilities are located in multiple locations around the world.  Any natural or other disaster in such a location could result in serious harm to the Company’s business and consolidated results of operations.  Any insurance maintained by the Company may not be adequate to cover our losses resulting from such disasters or other business interruptions, and our emergency response plans may not be effective in preventing or minimizing losses in the future.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.  Properties

The following is a listing of DENTSPLY’s principal manufacturing and distribution locations at December 31, 2015:

Location
 
Function
 
Leased
or Owned
 
 
 
 
 
United States:
 
 
 
 
Milford, Delaware (1)
 
Manufacture of dental consumable products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Sarasota, Florida (2)
 
Manufacture of orthodontic accessory products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Des Plaines, Illinois (1)
 
Manufacture and assembly of dental handpieces
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Waltham, Massachusetts (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental implant products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Maumee, Ohio (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of investment casting products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania (1)
 
Distribution of dental products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
York, Pennsylvania (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of artificial teeth
 
Owned
 
 
and other dental laboratory products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
York, Pennsylvania (1)
 
Manufacture of small dental equipment, bone grafting
 
Owned
 
 
products, and preventive dental products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johnson City, Tennessee (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of endodontic
 
Leased
 
 
instruments and materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign:
 
 
 
 
Hasselt, Belgium (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Catanduva, Brazil (3)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental anesthetic products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Petropolis, Brazil (3)
 
Manufacture and distribution of artificial teeth,
 
Owned
 
 
dental consumable products and endodontic material
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tianjin, China (3)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Ivry Sur-Seine, France (3)
 
Manufacture and distribution of investment casting products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Hanau, Germany (1) (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of precious metal dental
 
Owned
 
 
alloys, dental ceramics and dental implant products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Konstanz, Germany (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental consumable products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Mannheim, Germany (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental implant products
 
Owned/Leased
 
 
 
 
 

22



Munich, Germany (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of endodontic
 
Owned
 
 
instruments and materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Radolfzell, Germany (4)
 
Distribution of dental products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Rosbach, Germany (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental ceramics
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Badia Polesine, Italy (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental consumable products
 
Owned/Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Otawara, Japan (3)
 
Manufacture and distribution of precious metal dental
 
Owned
 
 
alloys, dental consumable products and orthodontic products
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mexicali, Mexico (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of orthodontic
 
Leased
 
 
products and materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hoorn, Netherlands (1)
 
Distribution of precious metal dental alloys and dental ceramics and refinery of precious metals
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Katikati, New Zealand (1)
 
Manufacture of dental consumable products
 
Leased
 
 
 
 
 
Warsaw, Poland (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental consumable products
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Las Piedras, Puerto Rico (1)
 
Manufacture of crown and bridge materials
 
Owned
 
 
 
 
 
Mölndal, Sweden (2)
 
Manufacture and distribution of dental implant products and
 
Owned
 
 
consumable medical devices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ballaigues, Switzerland (1)
 
Manufacture and distribution of endodontic
 
Owned
 
 
instruments, plastic components and packaging  material
 
 

(1)
These properties are included in the Dental Consumables, Endodontic and Dental Laboratory Businesses segment.
(2)
These properties are included in the Healthcare, Orthodontic and Implant Businesses segment.
(3)
These properties are included in the Select Developed and Emerging Markets Businesses segment.
(4)
This property is a distribution warehouse not managed by named segments.

In addition, the Company maintains sales and distribution offices at certain of its foreign and domestic manufacturing facilities, as well as at various other U.S. and international locations.  The Company maintains offices in Toronto, Mexico City, Paris, Rome, Weybridge, Mölndal, Hong Kong and Melbourne and other international locations.  Most of these sites around the world that are used exclusively for sales and distribution are leased.

The Company also owns its corporate headquarters located in York, Pennsylvania.

DENTSPLY believes that its properties and facilities are well maintained and are generally suitable and adequate for the purposes for which they are used.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

Incorporated by reference to Part II, Item 8, Note 19, Commitments and Contingencies, to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.












23



Executive Officers of the Registrant

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the executive officers of the Company as of February 12, 2016.

Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
 
 
 
 
Bret W. Wise
 
55
 
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
Christopher T. Clark
 
54
 
President and Chief Financial Officer  
James G. Mosch
 
58
 
Executive Vice President  and Chief Operating Officer
Robert J. Size
 
57
 
Senior Vice President  
Albert J. Sterkenburg
 
52
 
Senior Vice President
Justin H. McCarthy
 
54
 
Interim General Counsel and Secretary

Bret W. Wise has served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since January 1, 2007 and also served as President in 2007 and 2008.  Prior to that time, Mr. Wise served as President and Chief Operating Officer in 2006, as Executive Vice President in 2005 and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from December 2002 through December 2004.  Prior to that time, Mr. Wise was Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer with Ferro Corporation of Cleveland, OH (1999 - 2002),  Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at WCI Steel, Inc., of Warren, OH,  (1994 - 1999) and prior to that he was a partner with KPMG LLP.

Christopher T. Clark has served as President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company since April 8, 2013. He also served as President and Chief Operating Officer from 2009 through April 2013 and as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer in 2007 and 2008.  Prior to that time, Mr. Clark served as Senior Vice President (2003 - 2006), as Vice President and General Manager of DENTSPLY’s global imaging business (1999 - 2002), as Vice President and General Manager of the Prosthetics Division (1996 - 1999), and as Director of Marketing of DENTSPLY’S Prosthetics Division (1992 - 1996).  Prior to September 1992, Mr. Clark held various brand management positions with Proctor & Gamble.

James G. Mosch has served as Chief Operating Officer since April 8, 2013 and as Executive Vice President since January 1, 2009. Prior to that time, he served as Senior Vice President (2003-2009) and as Vice President and General Manager of DENTSPLY’s Professional division, beginning in July 1994 when he started with the Company.  Prior to 1994, Mr. Mosch served in general management and marketing positions with Baxter International and American Hospital Supply Corporation.

Robert J. Size has served as Senior Vice President since January 1, 2007.  Prior to that, Mr. Size served as a Vice President (2006) and as Vice President and General Manager of DENTSPLY’s Caulk division beginning June 2003 through December 31, 2005.  Prior to that time, he was the Chief Executive Officer and President of Superior MicroPowders and held various cross-functional and international leadership positions with The Cookson Group.

Albert J. Sterkenburg, D.D.S. has served as Senior Vice President since January 1, 2009.  Prior to that, Dr. Sterkenburg served as Vice President (2006 - 2009), Vice President and General Manager of the DeguDent division (2003 - 2006) and Vice President and General Manager of the VDW division beginning in 2000.  Prior to that time, he served in marketing and general management roles at Johnson & Johnson.

Justin H. McCarthy II has served as interim General Counsel and Secretary of the Company since December 31, 2015. Prior to that, Mr. McCarthy served as Assistant General Counsel, Group Counsel Preventive, Restorative, and Lab Products from May 2013 to December 2015. Between July 2011 and July 2013, he served as Assistant General Counsel & Chief Compliance Officer, and prior to that, he served as Senior Counsel (2005 - 2011) and Corporate Counsel (1998 - 2005). Prior to that time, he served as General Counsel & Secretary with the Vartan Group, and was an associate attorney with Drinker, Biddle & Reath, and with Barley Snyder.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosure

Not Applicable



24



PART II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Quarterly Stock Market and Dividend Information

The Company’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ National Market under the symbol “XRAY.” The following table shows, for the periods indicated, the high, low, closing sale prices and cash dividends declared of the Company’s common stock as reported on the NASDAQ National Market:
 
Market Range of Common Stock
 
Period-end
Closing
Price
 
Cash
Dividend
Declared
 
High
 
Low
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
53.85

 
$
49.42

 
$
50.89

 
$
0.07250

Second Quarter
53.72

 
49.81

 
51.55

 
0.07250

Third Quarter
57.61

 
50.09

 
50.57

 
0.07250

Fourth Quarter
63.45

 
49.48

 
60.85

 
0.07250

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

First Quarter
$
49.13

 
$
42.99

 
$
46.04

 
$
0.06625

Second Quarter
48.38

 
43.85

 
47.35

 
0.06625

Third Quarter
48.54

 
45.12

 
45.60

 
0.06625

Fourth Quarter
56.25

 
43.83

 
53.27

 
0.06625


Approximately 52,932 holders of the Company’s common stock are “street name” or beneficial holders, whose shares are held of record by banks, brokers and other financial institutions. In addition, the Company estimates, based on information supplied by its transfer agent, that there are 293 holders of record of the Company’s common stock.

Stock Repurchase Program

The Board of Directors has authorized the Company to repurchase shares under its stock repurchase program in an amount up to 34.0 million shares of common stock.  For the quarter ended December 31, 2015, the Company had no repurchases of shares under the stock repurchase program. At December 31, 2015, the Company had 11.3 million shares that may yet be repurchased under this program.

Stock Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The following table provides information about the Company’s common stock that may be issued under equity compensation plans at December 31, 2015:

(in millions, except share price)
 
 
 
 
 
Plan Category
Securities to Be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding Options
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price per Share
 
Securities Available for Future Issuance
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
8.4
 
$
39.77

 
7.3
Total
8.4
 
$
39.77

 
7.3

25




Performance Graph

The graph below compares DENTSPLY International Inc.'s cumulative 5-Year total shareholder return on common stock with the cumulative total returns of the NASDAQ Composite index, the S&P 500 index, and the S&P Health Care index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in DENTSPLY’S common stock and in each index (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from 12/31/2010 to 12/31/2015.


 
12/10
 
12/11
 
12/12
 
12/13
 
12/14
 
12/15
DENTSPLY International Inc.
100.00

 
103.00

 
117.27

 
144.36

 
159.50

 
183.18

NASDAQ Composite
100.00

 
100.53

 
116.92

 
166.19

 
188.78

 
199.95

S&P 500
100.00

 
102.11

 
118.45

 
156.82

 
178.29

 
180.75

S&P Health Care
100.00

 
112.73

 
132.90

 
188.00

 
235.63

 
251.87


26



Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

DENTSPLY INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
(in millions, except per share amounts, days and percentages)

The following selected financial data is qualified by reference to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Consolidated Financial Statements, including the notes thereto, and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
 
Year ended December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Statement of Operations Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
2,674.3

 
$
2,922.6

 
$
2,950.8

 
$
2,928.4

 
$
2,537.7

Net sales, excluding precious metal content (b)
2,581.5

 
2,792.7

 
2,771.7

 
2,714.7

 
2,332.6

Gross profit
1,517.2

 
1,599.8

 
1,577.4

 
1,556.4

 
1,273.4

Restructuring and other costs
64.7

 
11.1

 
13.4

 
25.7

 
35.9

Operating income
375.2

 
445.6

 
419.2

 
381.9

 
300.7

Income before income taxes
329.7

 
404.4

 
369.3

 
330.7

 
256.1

Net income
251.1

 
322.9

 
318.2

 
318.5

 
247.4

Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
251.2

 
$
322.9

 
$
313.2

 
$
314.2

 
$
244.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
1.79

 
2.28

 
2.20

 
2.22

 
1.73

Diluted
1.76

 
2.24

 
2.16

 
2.18

 
1.70

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
0.290

 
0.265

 
0.250

 
0.220

 
0.205

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
140.0

 
141.7

 
142.7

 
141.9

 
141.4

Diluted
142.5

 
144.2

 
145.0

 
143.9

 
143.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
284.6

 
151.6

 
75.0

 
80.1

 
77.1

Property, plant and equipment, net
558.8

 
588.8

 
637.2

 
614.7

 
591.4

Goodwill and other intangibles, net
2,588.3

 
2,760.1

 
3,076.9

 
3,041.6

 
2,981.2

Total assets
4,402.9

 
4,646.5

 
5,073.6

 
4,966.8

 
4,746.5

Total debt, current and long-term portions (c)
1,153.1

 
1,261.9

 
1,471.6

 
1,515.5

 
1,757.8

Equity
2,339.4

 
2,322.2

 
2,578.0

 
2,249.4

 
1,884.2

Return on average equity
10.8
%
 
13.2
%
 
13.0
%
 
15.2
%
 
12.9
%
Total net debt to total capitalization (d)
27.1
%
 
32.3
%
 
35.1
%
 
39.0
%
 
47.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Data:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
$
122.9

 
$
129.1

 
$
127.9

 
$
129.2

 
$
85.0

Cash flows from operating activities
497.4

 
560.4

 
417.8

 
369.7

 
393.5

Capital expenditures
72.0

 
99.6

 
100.3

 
92.1

 
71.2

Interest expense (income), net
53.7

 
41.3

 
41.5

 
48.1

 
35.6

Inventory days
110

 
113

 
114

 
106

 
100

Receivable days
54

 
55

 
56

 
53

 
54

Effective tax rate
23.4
%
 
20.1
%
 
14.1
%
 
2.7
%
 
4.3
%
(a) Includes the results of the Astra Tech acquisition from September 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011.
(b) The presentation of net sales, excluding precious metal content, is considered a measure not calculated in accordance with US GAAP, and is therefore considered a non-US GAAP measure.
(c) Total debt amounts shown are net of deferred financing costs.
(d) The Company defines net debt as total debt, including current and long-term portions less deferred financing costs, less cash and cash equivalents and total capitalization as the sum of net debt plus equity.

27




Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

OVERVIEW

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand the Company’s operations and business environment.  MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.  The following discussion includes forward-looking statements that involve certain risks and uncertainties.  See “Forward-Looking Statements” in the beginning of this Form 10-K.  The MD&A includes the following sections:

Business - a general description of DENTSPLY’s business and how performance is measured;
Results of Operations - an analysis of the Company’s consolidated results of operations for the three years presented in the Consolidated Financial Statements;
Critical Accounting Estimates - a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgments and estimates; and
Liquidity and Capital Resources - an analysis of cash flows; debt and other obligations; and aggregate contractual obligations.

2015 Operational Highlights

For the year ended December 31, 2015, total sales declined 8.5% while sales, excluding precious metal content, decreased 7.6% compared to prior year. The decline in sales primarily reflects the impact of foreign currency exchange rates which had a negative impact of approximately 9.5% during the year. Internal growth, excluding precious metal content, was 2.0% as growth in the U.S. and Rest of World regions was offset by slightly reduced sales in Europe. The negative impact of discontinued products on internal growth, excluding precious metal content, was approximately 0.6% on a global basis.

For the year ended December 31, 2015, earnings per diluted share of $1.76 declined by 21% from $2.24 in the prior year. On an adjusted basis (a non-US GAAP measure), full year 2015 earnings per diluted share grew 5% to $2.62 from $2.50 in the prior year. The Company’s results reflect a significant earnings headwind from currency rate changes compared to the prior year of approximately 7%, or $0.16 per diluted share.

Operating margin as measured on sales, excluding precious metal content was 14.5% for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to 16.0% for the year ended December 31, 2014. Adjusted operating margin (a non-US GAAP measure) for the year ended December 31, 2015 was 20.2%, an improvement of 180 basis points over the prior year reflecting operating improvements, net of reinvestment, associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

On September 15, 2015, the Company announced a merger with Sirona Dental Systems, Inc. Sirona develops, manufactures and markets several lines of dental technology and equipment products including CAD/CAM restoration systems, digital intra-oral, panoramic and 3D imaging systems, dental treatment centers and instruments. Shareholders for both DENTSPLY and Sirona approved the merger in January 2016. The transaction is expected to be finalized during the first quarter of 2016. Please see Note 4, Business Combinations, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, for additional information.

BUSINESS

DENTSPLY International Inc. is a leading manufacturer and distributor of dental and other consumable medical device products. The Company believes it is the world’s largest manufacturer of consumable dental products for the professional dental market.  For over a century, DENTSPLY’s commitment to innovation and professional collaboration has enhanced its portfolio of branded consumables and small equipment. Headquartered in the United States, the Company has global operations with sales in more than 120 countries.

Principal Measurements

The principal measurements used by the Company in evaluating its business are: (1) internal sales growth by geographic region; (2) constant currency sales growth by geographic region; (3) adjusted operating margins of each reportable segment, which

28



excludes the impact of certain one time items to enhance the comparability of results period to period; (4) the development, introduction and contribution of innovative new products; and (5) sales growth through acquisition. The first three principal measurements are not calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States; therefore, these items represent non-US GAAP (“non-US GAAP”) measures. These non-US GAAP measures may differ from other companies and should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with US GAAP.

The Company defines “internal sales growth” as the increase or decrease in net sales from period to period, excluding (1) precious metal content; (2) the impact of changes in currency exchange rates; and (3) net acquisition sales growth. The Company also tracks internal sales growth of continuing product lines as this is more reflective of the ongoing strength of the Company’s performance. The Company defines “net acquisition sales growth” as the net sales, excluding precious metal content, for a period of twelve months following the transaction date of businesses that have been acquired, less the net sales, excluding precious metal content, for a period of twelve months prior to the transaction date of businesses that have been divested. The Company defines “constant currency sales growth” as internal sales growth plus net acquisition sales growth.

The primary drivers of internal growth includes macroeconomic factors, global dental market growth, innovation and new products launched by the Company, and continued investments in sales and marketing resources, including clinical education. Management believes that the Company’s ability to execute its strategies allows it over time to grow at a modest premium to the growth rate of the underlying dental market. Management further believes that the global dental market has generally in the past and should over time in the future grow at a premium to underlying economic growth rates. Considering all of these factors, the Company assumes that the long-term growth rate for the dental market will range from 3% to 6% on average and that the Company targets a slight premium to market growth. Over the past several years, growth in the global dental and other healthcare markets have been restrained by lower economic growth in Western Europe and certain other markets compared to historical averages and, accordingly, market growth rates, and the Company’s internal growth rate remains uncertain in the near term.

The Company’s business is subject to quarterly fluctuations of consolidated net sales and net income. The Company typically implements most of its price changes at the beginning of the first or fourth quarters. Price changes, other marketing and promotional programs as well as the management of inventory levels by distributors and the implementation of strategic initiatives, may impact sales levels in a given period.

The Company has a focus on maximizing operational efficiencies on a global basis. The Company has expanded the use of technology as well as process improvement initiatives to enhance global efficiency. In addition, management continues to evaluate the consolidation of operations or functions to reduce costs. The Company believes that the benefits from these global efficiency initiatives will improve the cost structure and help offset areas of rising costs such as energy, employee benefits and regulatory oversight and compliance. During 2014, in connection with these efforts, the Company targeted adjusted operating income margins to expand to at least 20%, net of reinvestments to support the global efficiency effort and to accelerate growth. At December 31, 2015, the Company achieved this target. While going forward the Company expects to continue operating at or above this target level as the benefits of current initiatives are realized over time and new initiatives are implemented, operating margin in any period may be impacted by a number of factors including macroeconomic trends, business performance, currency rates, and the rate of reinvestment. In addition, efforts associated with the global efficiency initiative may be impacted by the proposed merger with Sirona, as management shifts focus to the integration process.

The Company expects that it will record restructuring charges, from time to time, associated with such initiatives. These restructuring charges could be material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and there can be no assurance that the target adjusted operating income margins will continue to be achieved. During 2015, consistent with these efforts, the Company reorganized portions of its laboratory business and associated manufacturing capabilities within the Dental Consumables, Endodontics and Dental Laboratory Businesses segment. The realignment of the laboratory business is designed to increase emphasis on innovative prosthetics materials while exiting portions of the laboratory equipment and fabrication businesses.

Product innovation is a key component of the Company’s overall growth strategy. New advances in technology are anticipated to have a significant influence on future products in the dentistry and consumable medical device markets in which the Company operates. As a result, the Company continues to pursue research and development initiatives to support technological development, including collaborations with various research institutions and dental schools. In addition, the Company licenses and purchases technologies developed by third parties. Although the Company believes these activities will lead to new innovative dental and consumable medical device products, they involve new technologies and there can be no assurance that commercialized products will be developed.

The Company will continue to pursue opportunities to expand the Company’s product offerings through acquisitions. Although the professional dental and the consumable medical device markets in which the Company operates have experienced consolidation,

29



they remain fragmented. Management believes that there will continue to be adequate opportunities to participate as a consolidator in the industry for the foreseeable future.

Impact of Foreign Currencies and Interest Rates

Due to the international nature of DENTSPLY’s business, movements in foreign exchange and interest rates may impact the Consolidated Statements of Operations. With approximately two thirds of the Company’s net sales located in regions outside the U.S., the Company’s consolidated net sales are impacted negatively by the strengthening or positively impacted by the weakening of the U.S. dollar. This impact was significant in 2015 compared to 2014 due in part to a dramatic weakening of the euro in the latter half of 2014 and throughout 2015. Additionally, movements in certain foreign exchange and interest rates may unfavorably or favorably impact the Company’s results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

Reclassification of Prior Year Amounts

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year’s data in order to conform to current year presentation. Specifically, during the first quarter of 2015, the Company realigned reporting responsibilities for multiple locations as a result of changes to the management reporting structure.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

2015 Compared to 2014

Net Sales

The discussion below summarizes the Company’s sales growth, excluding precious metal content, into the following components: (1) constant currency sales growth, which includes internal sales growth and net acquisition sales growth, and (2) foreign currency translation.  These disclosures of net sales growth provide the reader with sales results on a comparable basis between periods.

Management believes that the presentation of net sales, excluding precious metal content, provides useful information to investors because a significant portion of DENTSPLY’s net sales is comprised of sales of precious metals generated through sales of the Company’s precious metal dental alloy products, which are used by third parties to construct crown and bridge materials.  Due to the fluctuations of precious metal prices and because the cost of the precious metal content of the Company’s sales is largely passed through to customers and has minimal effect on earnings, DENTSPLY reports net sales both with and without precious metal content to show the Company’s performance independent of precious metal price volatility and to enhance comparability of performance between periods.  The Company uses its cost of precious metal purchased as a proxy for the precious metal content of sales, as the precious metal content of sales is not separately tracked and invoiced to customers.  The Company believes that it is reasonable to use the cost of precious metal content purchased in this manner since precious metal dental alloy sale prices are typically adjusted when the prices of underlying precious metals change.

The presentation of net sales, excluding precious metal content, is considered a non-US GAAP measure.  The Company provides the following reconciliation of net sales to net sales, excluding precious metal content.  The Company’s definitions and calculations of net sales, excluding precious metal content, and other operating measures derived using net sales, excluding precious metal content, may not necessarily be the same as those used by other companies.

 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
2,674.3

 
$
2,922.6

 
$
(248.3
)
 
(8.5
%)
Less: Precious metal content of sales
92.8

 
129.9

 
(37.1
)
 
(28.6
%)
Net sales, excluding precious metal content
$
2,581.5

 
$
2,792.7

 
$
(211.2
)
 
(7.6
%)

For the year ended December 31, 2015, net sales, excluding precious metal content decreased $211.2 million or 7.6% from the year end December 31, 2014. The change in net sales excluding precious metals content reflects 9.5% unfavorable foreign currency translation. Excluding the impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation and excluding precious metal content, net sales grew 1.9%. Sales related to precious metal content declined 28.6% from the prior year period which was primarily due to the continuing reduction in refinery volumes and the declining use of precious metal alloys in dentistry.

30




Constant Currency Sales Growth

The following table includes growth rates for net sales, excluding precious metal content.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
 
United 
States
 
Europe
 
Rest of World
 
Worldwide
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Internal sales growth
3.1
%
 
(0.3
%)
 
4.9
%
 
2.0
%
Net acquisition (divestiture) sales growth
(0.5
%)
 
%
 
0.4
%
 
(0.1
%)
Constant currency sales growth
2.6
 %
 
(0.3
)%
 
5.3
%
 
1.9
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

United States

During 2015, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased by 2.6% on a constant currency basis compared to 2014. Internal sales growth of 3.1% was led by increased sales in the dental consumables and dental specialty product categories. Internal growth for the year ended December 31, 2015 was negatively impacted by approximately 0.8% as a result of product line discontinuations associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

Europe

During 2015, net sales, excluding precious metal content, decreased by 0.3% on a constant currency basis compared to 2014. Internal sales growth was negative 0.3% mostly as a result of a decrease in sales of dental laboratory products and continued contraction in the CIS region, partially offset by positive sales growth in dental consumable and dental specialty products categories. Internal growth for the year ended December 31, 2015 was negatively impacted by approximately 0.5% as a result of product line discontinuations associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

Rest of World

During 2015, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 5.3% on a constant currency basis compared to 2014. The internal sales growth of 4.9% was led by the dental specialty product category. Internal growth for the year ended December 31, 2015 was negatively impacted by approximately 0.3% as a result of product line discontinuations associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

Gross Profit
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
1,517.2

 
$
1,599.8

 
$
(82.6
)
 
(5.2
%)
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, including precious metal content
56.7
%
 
54.7
%
 
 

 
 

Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content
58.8
%
 
57.3
%
 
 

 
 


Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 150 basis points during 2015 compared to 2014.  The increase in the gross profit rate was due to the favorable impact of foreign currency, benefits from the Company’s global efficiency initiative, favorable pricing and product mix when compared to the year ended December 31, 2014.










31



Expenses

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentages)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SG&A expenses
$
1,077.3

 
$
1,143.1

 
$
(65.8
)
 
(5.8
%)
SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, including precious metal content
40.3
%
 
39.1
%
 
 

 
 

SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content
41.7
%
 
40.9
%
 
 

 
 


SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 80 basis points as compared to 2014 primarily as a result of the increase in professional fees mostly related to the Company’s global efficiency initiative, merger and acquisition related expenses and higher pension costs.

Restructuring and Other Costs
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentages)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other costs
$
64.7

 
$
11.1

 
$
53.6

 
NM
NM - Not meaningful

The Company recorded net restructuring and other costs of $64.7 million in 2015 compared to $11.1 million in 2014. On May 22, 2015, the Company announced that it reorganized portions of its laboratory business and associated manufacturing capabilities within the Dental Consumables, Endodontics and Dental Laboratory Businesses segment. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company recorded $37.3 million of costs that consist primarily of employee severance benefits related to these actions. Also during the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company recorded restructuring costs of $16.3 million within the Healthcare, Orthodontic and Implant Businesses segment that consists primarily of employee severance benefits related to the global efficiency initiative. Additional future costs expected to be incurred during 2016 associated with these enacted plans are estimated to range between $4 million to $6 million. The Company estimates the future annual savings related to the 2015 restructuring plans will be in the range of $25 million and $32 million to be realized over the next three to five years. There is no assurance that future savings will be fully achieved. During 2016, the Company expects to develop and implement new restructuring plans primarily related to its global efficiency initiatives.

In 2014, restructuring costs of $9.9 million related to the closure and consolidation of facilities in an effort to streamline the Company’s operations and better leverage the Company’s resources. Restructuring and other costs also includes expense of $1.2 million related to net legal settlements.

Other Income and Expenses
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentages)  
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest expense
$
53.7

 
$
41.3

 
$
12.4

 
30.0
%
Other expense (income), net
(8.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(8.1
)
 
NM

Net interest and other expense
$
45.5

 
$
41.2

 
$
4.3

 


NM - Not meaningful

Net Interest Expense

Net interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $12.4 million higher as compared to the year ended December 31, 2014. The increase is a result of $15.5 million of costs incurred related to the December 11, 2015 bond tender which was comprised of a bond premium and tender fees paid of $8.5 million and the acceleration of the discount on tendered bonds and other fees of $7.0 million. Excluding the bond tender expense, net interest expense was $3.1 million lower in 2015 as compared to 2014 due to lower average debt levels during 2015 partially offset by lower investment income compared to the prior year.


32



Other Expense (Income), Net
Other expense (income), net for the year ended December 31, 2015 improved $8.1 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2014. Other expense (income), net for the year ended December 31, 2015 includes foreign exchange gain of $5.1 million on the sale of convertible bonds and $3.0 million of other non-operating income. Other income, net for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $0.1 million, comprised primarily of $1.1 million of interest and non-cash income relating to fair value adjustments on cross currency basis swaps not designated as hedges that offset currency risk on intercompany loans, $2.5 million of currency transaction losses, and $1.4 million of other non-operating income.

Income Taxes and Net Income
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective income tax rate
23.4
%
 
20.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in net loss of unconsolidated affiliated company
$
(1.6
)
 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
(1.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
251.2

 
$
322.9

 
$
(71.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
$
1.76

 
$
2.24

 
 


Provision for Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for 2015 and 2014 was 23.4% and 20.1%, respectively. During 2015, the Company recorded tax expense of $5.6 million related to prior year tax matters. During 2014 the Company recorded a tax benefit from the release of valuation allowances on previously unrecognized tax loss carryforwards and other deferred tax assets of approximately $8.3 million, a tax benefit of $1.4 million related to statutory tax rate changes and $4.5 million of unfavorable tax effects related to prior year tax matters. Further information regarding the details of income taxes is presented in Note 14, Income Taxes, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.

The Company’s effective income tax rate for 2015 includes the impact of restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, amortization on purchased intangible assets, business combination related costs, credit risk and fair value adjustments as well as various income tax adjustments which impacted income before income taxes and the provision for income taxes by $153.0 million and $33.5 million, respectively.

The Company’s effective income tax rate for 2014 includes the impact of amortization on purchased intangible assets, restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, business combination related costs, credit risk and fair value adjustments as well as various income tax adjustments which impacted income before income taxes and the provision for income taxes by $63.2 million and $23.9 million, respectively.

Equity in net loss of unconsolidated affiliated company

The Company’s 17% ownership investment of DIO Corporation (“DIO”) resulted in a net loss of $1.6 million and $0.3 million on an after-tax basis for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The equity earnings of DIO include the result of mark-to-market changes related to the derivative accounting for the convertible bonds issued by DIO to DENTSPLY.  The Company’s portion of the mark-to-market loss recorded through DIO’s net income was approximately $2.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company’s portion of the mark-to-market gain recorded through DIO’s net income was approximately $1.2 million. During the quarter ended September 30, 2015, the Company sold the DIO convertible bonds. As part of the disposition of the convertible bonds, the Company requested to relinquish its two board seats on the DIO Board of Directors. At December 31, 2015, the Company no longer has representation on the DIO Board of Directors and as a result the Company no longer has significant influence on the operations of DIO. The Company uses the cost-basis method of accounting for the remaining direct investment.

Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International

In addition to the results reported in accordance with US GAAP, the Company provides adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International and adjusted earnings per diluted common share (“adjusted EPS”). The Company discloses adjusted

33



net income attributable to DENTSPLY International to allow investors to evaluate the performance of the Company’s operations exclusive of certain items that impact the comparability of results from period to period and may not be indicative of past or future performance of the normal operations of the Company and certain large non-cash charges related to purchased intangible assets. The Company believes that this information is helpful in understanding underlying operating trends and cash flow generation.

Adjusted net income and adjusted EPS are important internal measures for the Company. Senior management receives a monthly analysis of operating results that includes adjusted net income and adjusted EPS and the performance of the Company is measured on this basis along with other performance metrics.

The adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International consists of net income attributable to DENTSPLY International adjusted to exclude the net of tax impact of the following:

(1) Business combination related costs. These adjustments include costs related to integrating and consummating recently acquired businesses and costs, gains and losses related to the disposal of businesses or product lines. These items are irregular in timing and as such may not be indicative of past and future performance of the Company and are therefore excluded to allow investors to better understand underlying operating trends.
(2) Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs. These adjustments include costs related to the implementation of restructuring initiatives as well as certain other costs. These costs can include, but are not limited to, severance costs, facility closure costs, lease and contract terminations costs, related professional service costs, duplicate facility and labor costs associated with specific restructuring initiatives, as well as, legal settlements and impairments of assets. These items are irregular in timing, amount and impact to the Company’s financial performance. As such, these items may not be indicative of past and future performance of the Company and are therefore excluded for the purpose of understanding underlying operating trends.
(3) Amortization of purchased intangible assets. This adjustment excludes the periodic amortization expense related to purchased intangible assets. Beginning in 2011, the Company began recording large non-cash charges related to the values attributed to purchased intangible assets. As such, amortization expense has been excluded from adjusted net income attributed to DENTSPLY International to allow investors to evaluate and understand operating trends excluding these large non-cash charges.
(4) Credit risk and fair value adjustments. These adjustments include both the cost and income impacts of adjustments in certain assets and liabilities including the Company’s pension obligations, that are recorded through net income which are due solely to the changes in fair value and credit risk. These items can be variable and driven more by market conditions than the Company’s operating performance. As such, these items may not be indicative of past and future performance of the Company and therefore are excluded for comparability purposes.
(5) Certain fair value adjustments related to an unconsolidated affiliated company. This adjustment represents the fair value adjustment of the unconsolidated affiliated company’s convertible debt instrument held by the Company. The affiliate is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The fair value adjustment is driven by open market pricing of the affiliate’s equity instruments, which has a high degree of variability and may not be indicative of the operating performance of the affiliate or the Company. During the quarter ended September 30, 2015, the Company sold the convertible bonds. The Company now uses the cost-basis method of accounting for the remaining direct investment.
(6) Income tax related adjustments. These adjustments include both income tax expenses and income tax benefits that are representative of income tax adjustments mostly related to prior periods, as well as the final settlement of income tax audits, and discrete tax items resulting from the implementation of restructuring initiatives. These adjustments are irregular in timing and amount and may significantly impact the Company’s operating performance. As such, these items may not be indicative of past and future performance of the Company and therefore are excluded for comparability purposes.
Adjusted earnings per diluted common share is calculated by dividing adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International by diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding. Adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International and adjusted earnings per diluted common share are considered measures not calculated in accordance with US GAAP, and therefore are non-US GAAP measures. These non-US GAAP measures may differ from other companies. Income tax related adjustments may include the impact to adjust the interim effective income tax rate to the expected annual effective tax rate. The non-US GAAP financial information should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with US GAAP.


34



 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Net Income
 
Per Diluted
Common Share
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
251.2

 
$
1.76

Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, net of tax  
68.6

 
0.48

Amortization of purchased intangible assets, net of tax
30.5

 
0.22

Business combination related costs, net of tax
12.3

 
0.09

Income tax related adjustments
6.3

 
0.04

Credit risk and fair value adjustments, net of tax
5.9

 
0.04

Certain fair value adjustments related to an unconsolidated affiliated company, net of tax
(1.7
)
 
(0.01
)
Adjusted non-US GAAP earnings
$
373.1

 
$
2.62


 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Net Income
 
Per Diluted
Common Share
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
322.9

 
$
2.24

Amortization of purchased intangible assets, net of tax
33.6

 
0.23

Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, net of tax  
8.5

 
0.06

Business combination related costs, net of tax
2.0

 
0.01

Credit risk and fair value adjustments, net of tax
(0.5
)
 

Certain fair value adjustments related to an unconsolidated affiliated company, net of tax
(1.2
)
 
(0.01
)
Income tax related adjustments
(4.3
)
 
(0.03
)
Adjusted non-US GAAP earnings
$
361.0

 
$
2.50


Adjusted Operating Income and Margin

Adjusted operating income and margin is another important internal measure for the Company. Operating income in accordance with US GAAP is adjusted for the items noted above which are excluded on a pre-tax basis to arrive at adjusted operating income, a non-US GAAP measure. The adjusted operating margin is calculated by dividing adjusted operating income by net sales, excluding precious metal content.

Senior management receives a monthly analysis of operating results that includes adjusted operating income. The performance of the Company is measured on this basis along with the adjusted non-US GAAP earnings noted above as well as other performance metrics.

 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
(in millions, except percentage of net sales amount)
 
Operating Income (Loss)
 
Percentage of Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income attributable to DENTSPLY International
 
$
375.2

 
14.5
%
Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs
 
81.1

 
3.2
%
Amortization of purchased intangible assets
 
43.7

 
1.7
%
Business combination related costs
 
13.1

 
0.5
%
Credit risk and fair value adjustments
 
8.0

 
0.3
%
Adjusted non-US GAAP Operating Income
 
$
521.1

 
20.2
%


35



 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
(in millions, except percentage of net sales amounts)
 
Operating Income (Loss)
 
Percentage of Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income attributable to DENTSPLY International
 
$
445.6

 
16.0
%
Amortization of purchased intangible assets
 
47.9

 
1.7
%
Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs
 
12.5

 
0.5
%
Business combination related costs
 
6.8

 
0.2
%
Adjusted non-US GAAP Operating Income
 
$
512.8

 
18.4
%

Operating Segment Results

The Company’s operating businesses are combined into operating groups, which have overlapping product offerings, geographic presence, customer bases, distribution channels and regulatory oversight.  These operating groups are considered the Company’s reportable segments as the Company’s chief operating decision-maker regularly reviews financial results at the operating group level and uses this information to manage the Company’s operations.  Each of these operating groups covers a wide range of product categories and geographic regions.  The product categories and geographic regions often overlap across the groups.  Further information regarding the details of each group is presented in Note 5, Segment and Geographic Information, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.  The management of each group is evaluated for performance and incentive compensation purposes on net third party sales, excluding precious metal content, and segment operating income.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentages)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dental Consumables, Endodontic and Dental Laboratory Businesses
$
1,155.6

 
$
1,208.1

 
$
(52.5
)
 
(4.3
%)
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Healthcare, Orthodontic and Implant Businesses
$
968.5

 
$
1,066.7

 
$
(98.2
)
 
(9.2
%)
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Select Developed and Emerging Markets Businesses
$
457.4

 
$
517.9

 
$
(60.5
)
 
(11.7
%)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Income (Loss)
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentages)
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dental Consumables, Endodontic and Dental Laboratory Businesses
$
411.3

 
$
405.0

 
$
6.3

 
1.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Healthcare, Orthodontic and Implant Businesses
$
121.7

 
$
126.6

 
$
(4.9
)
 
(3.9
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Select Developed and Emerging Markets Businesses
$
(9.4
)
 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(8.0
)
 
NM

NM - Not meaningful

Dental Consumables, Endodontic and Dental Laboratory Businesses

Net sales, excluding precious metal content, decreased $52.5 million, or 4.3%, during 2015 as compared to 2014. On a constant currency basis, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 1.7% primarily due sales growth in the Dental Consumable businesses partially offset by softer sales in the Dental Laboratory businesses. Internal growth for the year ended December 31, 2015 was negatively impacted by approximately 1.1% as a result of product line discontinuations associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

Operating income improved $6.3 million during 2015 compared to 2014. The improvement in operating income was primarily the result of improved gross margins within these businesses in aggregate.

36




Healthcare, Orthodontic and Implant Businesses

Net sales, excluding precious metal content, decreased $98.2 million, or 9.2%, during 2015 compared to 2014. Sales increased on a constant currency basis by 1.5%, led by increased sales in the Healthcare businesses.

Operating income decreased $4.9 million or 3.9% during 2015 compared to 2014 as negative foreign currency translation offset operating improvements and income associated with internal sales growth.

Select Developed and Emerging Markets Businesses

Net sales, excluding precious metal content, decreased $60.5 million, or 11.7%, during 2015 compared to 2014. Sales increased by 2.9% on a constant currency basis. The favorable constant currency growth was the result of improved market demand in the Emerging Markets businesses. Internal growth for the year ended December 31, 2015 was negatively impacted by approximately 0.5% as a result of product line discontinuations associated with the Company’s global efficiency initiative.

Operating income decreased by $8.0 million in 2015 compared to 2014. The decrease in operating income was primarily the result of higher operating expenses, excluding foreign currency impact, across the Emerging Markets businesses.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

2014 Compared to 2013

Net Sales

 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
2,922.6

 
$
2,950.8

 
$
(28.2
)
 
(1.0
%)
Less: Precious metal content of sales
129.9

 
179.1

 
(49.2
)
 
(27.5
%)
Net sales, excluding precious metal content
$
2,792.7

 
$
2,771.7

 
$
21.0

 
0.8
 %

During 2014, net sales, excluding precious metal content increased $21.0 million from 2013. The 0.8% increase in net sales, excluding precious metal content, included constant currency sales growth of 1.8%.  The constant currency sales growth was comprised of internal sales growth of 1.2% and acquisition sales growth of 0.6%. The decline of precious metal content of sales from the year ago period was primarily due to the continuing reduction in the use of precious metal alloys in dentistry.

Constant Currency Sales Growth

The following table includes growth rates for net sales, excluding precious metal content.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
 
United 
States
 
Europe
 
Rest of World
 
Worldwide
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Internal sales growth
0.7
%
 
0.1
%
 
4.2
%
 
1.2
%
Net acquisition sales growth
0.3
%
 
0.1
%
 
2.4
%
 
0.6
%
Constant currency sales growth
1.0
%
 
0.2
%
 
6.6
%
 
1.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

United States

During 2014, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased by 1.0% on a constant currency basis. Internal sales growth was led by increased sales in the dental consumables product category, partially offset by lower sales in the dental laboratory product category, as well as lower sales of a consumable medical device product that was in-sourced by a customer and was discontinued late in the year as the product line was sold to this customer.



37



Europe

During 2014, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased by 0.2% on a constant currency basis compared to 2013. Internal sales growth in Europe was muted as the result of a substantial and continuing decline in sales within the CIS countries, due to economic and political instability in those markets. Excluding sales in the CIS region, constant currency sales growth would have been 1.8% led by increased sales in the dental specialty, dental consumables and consumable medical device product categories partially offset by the dental laboratory product category.

Rest of World

During 2014, net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 6.6% on a constant currency basis. The internal sales and acquisition sales growth was led by the dental specialty and consumable medical device product categories and was strongest in Pacific Rim and Middle East regions.

Gross Profit
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
1,599.8

 
$
1,577.4

 
$
22.4

 
1.4
%
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, including precious metal content
54.7
%
 
53.5
%
 
 

 
 

Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content
57.3
%
 
56.9
%
 
 

 
 


Gross profit as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content, increased 40 basis points during 2014 compared to 2013.  The increase in the gross profit rate was primarily the result of net favorable pricing compared to the prior year.

Expenses

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SG&A expenses
$
1,143.1

 
$
1,144.9

 
$
(1.8
)
 
(0.2
%)
SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, including precious metal content
39.1
%
 
38.8
%
 
 

 
 

SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content
40.9
%
 
41.3
%
 
 

 
 


SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales, excluding precious metal content, improved 40 basis points as compared to 2013. The rate decline is primarily due to cost reduction initiatives and expense controls in a number of businesses, as well as higher expenses recorded in the first three months of 2013 relating to trade shows.

Restructuring and Other Costs
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amount)
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and other costs
$
11.1

 
$
13.4

 
$
(2.3
)
 
(17.2
%)

The Company recorded net restructuring and other costs of $11.1 million in 2014 compared to $13.4 million in 2013. In 2014, restructuring costs of $9.9 million related to the closure and consolidation of facilities in an effort to streamline the Company’s operations and better leverage the Company’s resources. Restructuring and other costs also includes expense of $1.2 million related to net legal settlements.


38



In 2013, restructuring costs of $12.0 million related to the closure and consolidation of facilities in an effort to streamline the Company’s operations and better leverage the Company’s resources. Restructuring and other costs also includes net expense of $1.4 million related to an impairment of previously acquired technology partially offset by a net gain on legal settlements.

Other Income and Expenses
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except percentage amounts)  
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest expense   
$
41.3

 
$
41.5

 
$
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
%)
Other expense, net  
(0.1
)
 
8.3

 
(8.4
)
 
(101.2
%)
Net interest and other expense
$
41.2

 
$
49.8

 
$
(8.6
)
 
 
NM - Not meaningful

Net Interest Expense

Net interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $0.2 million lower in comparison to the year ended December 31, 2013. The net decrease is a result of a $4.4 million decrease in interest expense due to lower average debt levels in 2014 and higher miscellaneous investment income of $0.4 million compared to the prior year, largely offset by $4.6 million decrease in investment income recorded on net investment hedges due to lower average hedge amounts and interest rates on hedge contracts compared to 2013.

Other Expense (Income), Net
Other expense (income), net for the year ended December 31, 2014 improved $8.4 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2013. Other income, net for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $0.1 million, comprised primarily of $1.1 million of interest and non-cash income relating to fair value adjustments on cross currency basis swaps not designated as hedges that offset currency risk on intercompany loans, $2.5 million of currency transaction losses, and $1.4 million of other non-operating income. Other expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $8.3 million, comprised primarily of $6.9 million of interest and non-cash charges relating to fair value adjustments on cross currency basis swaps not designated as hedges that offset currency risk on intercompany loans, $2.1 million of currency transaction losses, and $0.7 million of other non-operating income.

Income Taxes and Net Income
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
(in millions, except per share and percentage amounts)
2014
 
2013
 
$ Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective income tax rate
20.1
%
 
14.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in net income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated company
$
(0.3
)
 
$
1.0

 
$
(1.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
$

 
$
5.0

 
$
(5.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
322.9

 
$
313.2

 
$
9.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
$
2.24

 
$
2.16

 
 


Provision for Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for 2014 and 2013 was 20.1% and 14.1%, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rate for 2014 was unfavorably impacted by the Company’s change in the mix of consolidated earnings. Additionally, during 2014 the Company recorded a tax benefit from the release of valuation allowances on previously unrecognized tax loss carryforwards and other deferred tax assets of approximately $8.3 million, a tax benefit of $1.4 million related to statutory tax rate changes and $4.5 million of unfavorable tax effects related to prior year tax matters. The Company’s effective tax rate for 2013 was favorably impacted by the Company’s post-acquisition restructuring activities, the recording of tax benefits of $9.4 million related to U.S. federal legislative changes enacted in January 2013 relating to 2012, a tax benefit of $2.2 million for the release of a valuation allowance and $10.3 million of benefits related to prior year tax matters. Further information regarding the details of income taxes is presented in Note 14, Income Taxes, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.


39



The Company’s effective income tax rate for 2014 includes the impact of amortization on purchased intangibles assets, acquisition related activities, restructuring and other costs, income related to credit risk adjustments on outstanding derivatives as well as various income tax adjustments which impacted income before income taxes and the provision for income taxes by $63.2 million and $23.9 million, respectively. In 2013, the Company’s effective tax rate included the impact of amortization of purchased intangible assets, integration and restructuring and other costs as well as various income tax adjustments which impacted income before taxes and the provision for income taxes by $72.9 million and $43.7 million, respectively.

Equity in net (loss) income of unconsolidated affiliated company

The Company’s 17% ownership investment of DIO Corporation (“DIO”) resulted in a net loss of $0.3 million on an after-tax basis for the year ended December 31, 2014 and net earnings of $1.0 million on an after-tax basis for the year ended December 31, 2013. The equity earnings of DIO include the result of mark-to-market changes related to the derivative accounting for the convertible bonds issued by DIO to DENTSPLY.  The Company’s portion of the mark-to-market gains recorded through DIO’s net income was approximately $1.2 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

The portion of consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interests decreased $5.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013 as a result of the contractual purchase of the remaining shares of a noncontrolling interest effective January 1, 2014. The cash outflow for this purchase was in the first quarter of 2015.

Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International

In addition to the results reported in accordance with US GAAP, the Company provides adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International and adjusted earnings per diluted common share (“adjusted EPS”) which are non-US GAAP measures. The Company discloses adjusted net income attributable to DENTSPLY International to allow investors to evaluate the performance of the Company’s operations exclusive of certain items that impact the comparability of results from period to period and may not be indicative of past or future performance of the normal operations of the Company and certain large non-cash charges related to purchased intangible assets. The Company believes that this information is helpful in understanding underlying operating trends and cash flow generation.
Adjusted net income and adjusted EPS are important internal measures for the Company. Senior management receives a monthly analysis of operating results that includes adjusted net income and adjusted EPS and the performance of the Company is measured on this basis along with other performance metrics.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Net Income
 
Per Diluted
Common Share
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
322.9

 
$
2.24

Amortization of purchased intangible assets, net of tax
33.6

 
0.23

Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, net of tax  
8.5

 
0.06

Business combination related costs, net of tax
2.0

 
0.01

Credit risk and fair value adjustments, net of tax
(0.5
)
 

Certain fair value adjustments related to an unconsolidated affiliated company, net of tax
(1.2
)
 
(0.01
)
Income tax related adjustments
(4.3
)
 
(0.03
)
Adjusted non-US GAAP earnings
$
361.0

 
$
2.50



40



 
Year Ended December 31, 2013
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Net Income
 
Per Diluted
Common Share
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
313.2

 
$
2.16

Amortization of purchased intangible assets, net of tax
32.3

 
0.22

Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs, net of tax  
9.7

 
0.07

Business combination related costs, net of tax
5.9

 
0.04

Credit risk and fair value adjustments, net of tax
2.3

 
0.02

Certain fair value adjustments related to an unconsolidated affiliated company, net of tax
(1.2
)
 
(0.01
)
Income tax related adjustments
(21.0
)
 
(0.15
)
Adjusted non-US GAAP earnings
$
341.2

 
$
2.35


Adjusted Operating Income and Margin

Adjusted operating income and margin is another important internal measure for the Company. Operating income in accordance with US GAAP is adjusted for the items noted above which are excluded on a pre-tax basis to arrive at adjusted operating income, a non-US GAAP measure. The adjusted operating margin is calculated by dividing adjusted operating income by net sales, excluding precious metal content.

Senior management receives a monthly analysis of operating results that includes adjusted operating income. The performance of the Company is measured on this basis along with the adjusted non-US GAAP earnings noted above as well as other performance metrics.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2014
(in millions, except percentage of net sales amounts)
Operating Income (Loss)
 
Percentage of Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
 
 
 
 
Operating income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
445.6

 
16.0
%
Amortization of purchased intangible assets
47.9

 
1.7
%
Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs
12.5

 
0.5
%
Business combination related costs
6.8

 
0.2
%
Adjusted non-US GAAP Operating Income
$
512.8

 
18.4
%
 
Year Ended December 31, 2013
(in millions, except percentage of net sales amounts)
Operating Income (Loss)
 
Percentage of Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
 
 
 
 
Operating income attributable to DENTSPLY International
$
419.2

 
15.1
%
Amortization of purchased intangible assets
46.2

 
1.7
%
Restructuring, restructuring program related costs and other costs
14.6

 
0.5
%
Business combination related costs
8.8

 
0.3
%
Adjusted non-US GAAP Operating Income
$
488.8

 
17.6
%

Operating Segment Results

The Company’s operating businesses are combined into operating groups, which have overlapping product offerings, geographic presence, customer bases, distribution channels and regulatory oversight.  These operating groups are considered the Company’s reportable segments as the Company’s chief operating decision-maker regularly reviews financial results at the

41



operating group level and uses this information to manage the Company’s operations.  Each of these operating groups covers a wide range of product categories and geographic regions.  The product categories and geographic regions often overlap across the groups.  Further information regarding the details of each group is presented in Note 5, Segment and Geographic Information, in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-K.  The management of each group is evaluated for performance and incentive compensation purposes on net third party sales, excluding precious metal content, and segment operating income.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Sales, Excluding Precious Metal Content
Year Ended December 31,