10-Q 1 pgr-201793010q3rdquarter.htm 10-Q Document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
(Mark One)
ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
or
¨
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                     to                     
Commission File Number: 1-9518
 
 
THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Ohio
 
34-0963169
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
6300 Wilson Mills Road, Mayfield Village, Ohio
 
44143
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(440) 461-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common Shares, $1.00 par value: 581,634,009 outstanding at September 30, 2017
 

1



PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
The Progressive Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
 
Three Months
 
Nine Months
Periods Ended September 30,
2017

 
2016

 
%
Change
 
2017

 
2016

 
%
Change
(millions—except per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
$
6,544.0

 
$
5,723.4

 
14
 
$
18,884.0

 
$
16,602.6

 
14
Investment income
142.9

 
119.3

 
20
 
410.9

 
352.7

 
17
Net realized gains (losses) on securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net impairment losses recognized in earnings
(43.0
)
 
(61.6
)
 
(30)
 
(57.8
)
 
(61.8
)
 
(6)
Net realized gains (losses) on securities
18.3

 
40.9

 
(55)
 
117.1

 
90.8

 
29
Total net realized gains (losses) on securities
(24.7
)
 
(20.7
)
 
19
 
59.3

 
29.0

 
104
Fees and other revenues
96.3

 
86.8

 
11
 
270.3

 
248.2

 
9
Service revenues
33.3

 
26.2

 
27
 
94.5

 
77.7

 
22
Gains on extinguishment of debt
0

 
0

 
NM
 
0.2

 
1.6

 
(88)
Total revenues
6,791.8

 
5,935.0

 
14
 
19,719.2

 
17,311.8

 
14
Expenses
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Losses and loss adjustment expenses
5,050.5

 
4,398.2

 
15
 
13,928.8

 
12,554.6

 
11
Policy acquisition costs
540.1

 
475.4

 
14
 
1,557.2

 
1,374.6

 
13
Other underwriting expenses
877.7

 
739.6

 
19
 
2,568.3

 
2,262.2

 
14
Investment expenses
5.8

 
4.8

 
21
 
18.0

 
14.9

 
21
Service expenses
28.9

 
23.2

 
25
 
81.8

 
68.5

 
19
Interest expense
37.4

 
35.3

 
6
 
117.6

 
103.8

 
13
Total expenses
6,540.4

 
5,676.5

 
15
 
18,271.7

 
16,378.6

 
12
Net Income
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
251.4

 
258.5

 
(3)
 
1,447.5

 
933.2

 
55
Provision for income taxes
36.6

 
53.0

 
(31)
 
429.7

 
274.1

 
57
Net income
214.8

 
205.5

 
5
 
1,017.8

 
659.1

 
54
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (NCI)
9.2

 
(6.8
)
 
(235)
 
(1.9
)
 
(11.3
)
 
(83)
Net income attributable to Progressive
$
224.0

 
$
198.7

 
13
 
$
1,015.9

 
$
647.8

 
57
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total net unrealized gains (losses) on securities
$
75.5

 
$
87.1

 
(13)
 
$
300.5

 
$
248.2

 
21
Net unrealized losses on forecasted transactions
0.1

 
(0.3
)
 
(133)
 
(5.6
)
 
(0.9
)
 
NM
Foreign currency translation adjustment
0.6

 
0.3

 
100
 
0.8

 
0.7

 
14
Other comprehensive income
76.2

 
87.1

 
(13)
 
295.7

 
248.0

 
19
Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to NCI
(0.7
)
 
1.2

 
(158)
 
(2.9
)
 
(2.3
)
 
26
Comprehensive income attributable to Progressive
$
299.5

 
$
287.0

 
4
 
$
1,308.7

 
$
893.5

 
46
Computation of Per Share Earnings Attributable to Progressive
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Average shares outstanding - Basic
581.3

 
581.5

 
0
 
580.7

 
582.4

 
0
Net effect of dilutive stock-based compensation
4.3

 
3.1

 
39
 
5.0

 
3.2

 
56
Total average equivalent shares - Diluted
585.6

 
584.6

 
0
 
585.7

 
585.6

 
0
Basic: Earnings per share
$
0.39

 
$
0.34

 
13
 
$
1.75

 
$
1.11

 
57
Diluted: Earnings per share
$
0.38

 
$
0.34

 
13
 
$
1.73

 
$
1.11

 
57
Dividends declared per share1
$
0

 
$
0

 
 
 
$
0

 
$
0

 
 
NM = Not Meaningful
1 Progressive maintains an annual dividend program. See Note 9 – Dividends for further discussion.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

2



The Progressive Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
2016
(millions)
2017

 
2016

 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Investments - Available-for-sale, at fair value:
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities (amortized cost: $18,583.1, $13,708.0, and $16,287.1)
$
18,660.0

 
$
13,916.9

 
$
16,243.8

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
  Nonredeemable preferred stocks (cost: $700.6, $726.6, and $734.2)
813.7

 
860.1

 
853.5

  Common equities (cost: $1,485.5, $1,576.1, and $1,437.5)
3,209.5

 
2,868.0

 
2,812.4

Short-term investments (amortized cost: $4,311.5, $5,876.2, and $3,572.9)
4,311.5

 
5,876.2

 
3,572.9

Total investments
26,994.7

 
23,521.2

 
23,482.6

Cash
224.9

 
143.4

 
211.5

Restricted cash1
31.4

 
22.3

 
14.9

Accrued investment income
113.0

 
97.3

 
103.9

Premiums receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $189.3, $176.8, and $186.8
5,519.9

 
4,743.6

 
4,509.2

Reinsurance recoverables, including $76.4, $67.5, and $83.8 on paid losses and loss adjustment expenses
2,701.1

 
1,901.7

 
1,884.8

Prepaid reinsurance premiums
211.7

 
174.4

 
170.5

Deferred acquisition costs
782.6

 
675.4

 
651.2

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $908.4, $830.1, and $845.8
1,129.4

 
1,115.0

 
1,177.1

Goodwill
452.7

 
449.4

 
449.4

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $157.7, $94.0, and $109.5
384.6

 
448.3

 
432.8

Other assets
386.6

 
328.8

 
339.6

Total assets
$
38,932.6

 
$
33,620.8

 
$
33,427.5

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Unearned premiums
$
9,005.3

 
$
7,792.4

 
$
7,468.3

Loss and loss adjustment expense reserves
13,353.3

 
11,228.2

 
11,368.0

Net deferred income taxes
201.5

 
156.9

 
111.3

Dividends payable
0

 
0

 
395.4

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities
3,272.7

 
2,722.2

 
2,495.5

Debt2
3,312.2

 
3,153.9

 
3,148.2

Total liabilities
29,145.0

 
25,053.6

 
24,986.7

Redeemable noncontrolling interest (NCI)3
498.2

 
472.5

 
483.7

Shareholders Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common shares, $1.00 par value (authorized 900.0; issued 797.5, including treasury shares of 215.9, 216.7, and 217.6)
581.6


580.8


579.9

Paid-in capital
1,365.1


1,284.7


1,303.4

Retained earnings
6,116.5


5,183.1


5,140.4

Accumulated other comprehensive income:





Net unrealized gains (losses) on securities
1,240.1

 
1,057.2

 
939.6

Net unrealized losses on forecasted transactions
(15.0
)
 
(9.1
)
 
(9.4
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
(0.3
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(1.1
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to NCI
1.4

 
(1.2
)
 
4.3

Total accumulated other comprehensive income attributable to Progressive
1,226.2

 
1,046.1

 
933.4

Total shareholders’ equity
9,289.4

 
8,094.7

 
7,957.1

Total liabilities, redeemable NCI, and shareholders’ equity
$
38,932.6

 
$
33,620.8

 
$
33,427.5

1 See Note 7 – Supplemental Cash Flow Information for further discussion.
2 Consists of both short-term and long-term debt. See Note 4 – Debt for further discussion.
3 See Note 12 – Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest for further discussion.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

3



The Progressive Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
(unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
(millions — except per share amounts)
2017

 
2016

Common Shares, $1.00 Par Value
 
 
 
Balance, Beginning of period
$
579.9

 
$
583.6

Treasury shares purchased
(1.5
)
 
(5.2
)
Net restricted equity awards issued/vested
3.2

 
2.4

Balance, End of period
$
581.6

 
$
580.8

Paid-In Capital
 
 
 
Balance, Beginning of period
$
1,303.4

 
$
1,218.8

Tax benefit from vesting of equity-based compensation
0

 
8.0

Treasury shares purchased
(3.4
)
 
(11.4
)
Net restricted equity awards issued/vested
(3.2
)
 
(2.4
)
Amortization of equity-based compensation
74.3

 
64.6

Reinvested dividends on restricted stock units
0.3

 
1.1

Adjustment to carrying amount of redeemable noncontrolling interest
(6.3
)
 
6.0

Balance, End of period
$
1,365.1

 
$
1,284.7

Retained Earnings
 
 
 
Balance, Beginning of period
$
5,140.4

 
$
4,686.6

Net income attributable to Progressive
1,015.9

 
647.8

Treasury shares purchased
(57.2
)
 
(147.0
)
Cash dividends declared on common shares
0

 
0.2

Reinvested dividends on restricted stock units
(0.3
)
 
(1.1
)
Other, net
17.7

 
(3.4
)
Balance, End of period
$
6,116.5

 
$
5,183.1

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income Attributable to Progressive
 
 
 
Balance, Beginning of period
$
933.4

 
$
800.4

Attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2.9
)
 
(2.3
)
Other comprehensive income
295.7

 
248.0

Balance, End of period
$
1,226.2

 
$
1,046.1

Total Shareholders’ Equity
$
9,289.4

 
$
8,094.7

There are 20.0 million Serial Preferred Shares authorized; no such shares are issued or outstanding.
There are 5.0 million Voting Preference Shares authorized; no such shares have been issued.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.










4



The Progressive Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows        
(unaudited) (millions)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2017

 
2016

Cash Flows From Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,017.8

 
$
659.1

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
126.7

 
94.6

         Amortization of intangible assets
48.2

 
46.6

Net amortization of fixed-income securities
67.5

 
57.1

Amortization of equity-based compensation
76.6

 
64.6

Net realized (gains) losses on securities
(59.3
)
 
(29.0
)
Net (gains) losses on disposition of property and equipment
5.3

 
4.1

(Gains) losses on extinguishment of debt
(0.2
)
 
(1.6
)
Net loss on exchange transaction
0

 
4.5

Changes in:
 
 
 
Premiums receivable
(1,010.3
)
 
(752.8
)
Reinsurance recoverables
(816.1
)
 
(405.1
)
Prepaid reinsurance premiums
(41.2
)
 
44.9

Deferred acquisition costs
(131.4
)
 
(128.0
)
Income taxes
(111.2
)
 
(121.2
)
Unearned premiums
1,536.7

 
1,154.6

Loss and loss adjustment expense reserves
1,985.1

 
1,183.2

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities
622.1

 
464.8

Restricted cash
(16.5
)
 
(22.0
)
Other, net
(93.2
)
 
(42.6
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
3,206.6

 
2,275.8

Cash Flows From Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities
(9,623.6
)
 
(7,364.6
)
Equity securities
(155.2
)
 
(367.1
)
Sales:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities
3,431.7

 
4,746.1

Equity securities
150.6

 
278.2

Maturities, paydowns, calls, and other:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities
3,872.5

 
4,189.0

Equity securities
50.0

 
0

Net sales (purchases) of short-term investments
(721.8
)
 
(3,665.2
)
Net unsettled security transactions
210.5

 
208.4

Purchases of property and equipment
(109.7
)
 
(162.1
)
Sales of property and equipment
13.8

 
4.5

Net cash disposed in exchange transaction1
0

 
(7.7
)
Acquisition of an insurance company, net of cash acquired
(18.1
)
 
0

Net cash used in investing activities
(2,899.3
)
 
(2,140.5
)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from exercise of equity options
0.5

 
0

Tax benefit from vesting of equity-based compensation
0

 
8.0

Net proceeds from debt issuance
841.1

 
495.6

Payments of debt
(42.8
)
 
(19.2
)
Redemption/reacquisition of subordinated debt
(635.6
)
 
(18.2
)
Dividends paid to shareholders
(395.4
)
 
(519.0
)
Acquisition of treasury shares for restricted stock tax liabilities
(57.2
)
 
(24.7
)
Acquisition of treasury shares acquired in open market
(4.9
)
 
(138.9
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(294.3
)
 
(216.4
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
0.4

 
0.4

Increase (decrease) in cash
13.4

 
(80.7
)
Cash, January 1
211.5

 
224.1

Cash, September 30
$
224.9

 
$
143.4

1 See Note 7 – Supplemental Cash Flow Information for further discussion.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

5



The Progressive Corporation and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
Note 1 Basis of Presentation — The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of The Progressive Corporation and ARX Holding Corp. (ARX), and their respective wholly owned insurance and non-insurance subsidiaries and affiliates in which Progressive or ARX has a controlling financial interest. The Progressive Corporation owned 69.0% of the outstanding capital stock of ARX at September 30, 2017 and 69.2% at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2016. The decrease reflects ARX employee stock options that were exercised during the first quarter 2017. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
The consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments that, in the opinion of management, were necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the period ended September 30, 2017, are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. These consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto should be read in conjunction with Progressive’s audited financial statements and accompanying notes included in Exhibit 13 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 (2016 Annual Report to Shareholders).
Other assets on the consolidated balance sheets include properties that are considered held for sale, if any. The fair value of these properties, less the estimated cost to sell them, was $5.3 million at September 30, 2017, and $8.7 million at both September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2016.
Note 2 Investments — Our securities are reported at fair value, with the changes in fair value of these securities (other than hybrid securities and derivative instruments) reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of deferred income taxes. The changes in fair value of the hybrid securities and derivative instruments are recorded as a component of net realized gains (losses) on securities.
The following tables present the composition of our investment portfolio by major security type, consistent with our classification of how we manage, monitor, and measure the portfolio. The net holding period gains (losses) represent the amounts realized on our hybrid securities only.
 
($ in millions)
Cost

 
Gross
Unrealized Gains

 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 
Net
Holding Period Gains
(Losses)

 
Fair
Value

 
% of
Total
Fair
Value

September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
$
4,612.2

 
$
3.0

 
$
(20.2
)
 
$
0

 
$
4,595.0

 
17.0
%
State and local government obligations
2,332.2

 
35.0

 
(3.1
)
 
0.1

 
2,364.2

 
8.7

Foreign government obligations
24.2

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
24.2

 
0.1

Corporate debt securities
5,195.7

 
32.7

 
(4.2
)
 
1.4

 
5,225.6

 
19.4

Residential mortgage-backed securities
911.3

 
12.2

 
(3.2
)
 
0

 
920.3

 
3.4

Agency residential pass-through obligations
35.7

 
0

 
(0.4
)
 
0

 
35.3

 
0.1

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
2,763.7

 
17.0

 
(12.8
)
 
0

 
2,767.9

 
10.3

Other asset-backed securities
2,485.6

 
6.4

 
(2.0
)
 
0.2

 
2,490.2

 
9.2

Redeemable preferred stocks
222.5

 
16.4

 
(2.0
)
 
0.4

 
237.3

 
0.9

Total fixed maturities
18,583.1

 
122.7

 
(47.9
)
 
2.1

 
18,660.0

 
69.1

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
700.6

 
120.4

 
(7.3
)
 
0

 
813.7

 
3.0

Common equities
1,485.5

 
1,729.5

 
(5.5
)
 
0

 
3,209.5

 
11.9

Short-term investments
4,311.5

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
4,311.5

 
16.0

Total portfolio1,2
$
25,080.7

 
$
1,972.6

 
$
(60.7
)
 
$
2.1

 
$
26,994.7

 
100.0
%


6



($ in millions)
Cost

 
Gross
Unrealized Gains

 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 
Net
Holding Period Gains
(Losses)

 
Fair
Value

 
% of
Total
Fair
Value

September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
$
726.0

 
$
8.9

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
0

 
$
734.6

 
3.1
%
State and local government obligations
2,508.9

 
58.7

 
(1.6
)
 
0

 
2,566.0

 
10.9

Foreign government obligations
25.4

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
25.4

 
0.1

Corporate debt securities
4,327.5

 
76.9

 
(1.8
)
 
0.7

 
4,403.3

 
18.7

Residential mortgage-backed securities
1,582.6

 
25.3

 
(15.5
)
 
1.8

 
1,594.2

 
6.8

Agency residential pass-through obligations
43.6

 
0.5

 
0

 
0

 
44.1

 
0.2

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
2,249.4

 
35.1

 
(6.1
)
 
0

 
2,278.4

 
9.7

Other asset-backed securities
2,037.5

 
7.9

 
(0.3
)
 
0.3

 
2,045.4

 
8.7

Redeemable preferred stocks
207.1

 
19.6

 
(1.2
)
 
0

 
225.5

 
1.0

Total fixed maturities
13,708.0

 
232.9

 
(26.8
)
 
2.8

 
13,916.9

 
59.2

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
726.6

 
146.2

 
(13.9
)
 
1.2

 
860.1

 
3.6

Common equities
1,576.1

 
1,296.3

 
(4.4
)
 
0

 
2,868.0

 
12.2

Short-term investments
5,876.2

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
5,876.2

 
25.0

Total portfolio1,2
$
21,886.9

 
$
1,675.4

 
$
(45.1
)
 
$
4.0

 
$
23,521.2

 
100.0
%
 
($ in millions)
Cost

 
Gross
Unrealized Gains

 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 
Net
Holding Period Gains
(Losses)

 
Fair
Value

 
% of
Total
Fair
Value

December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
$
2,899.2

 
$
0

 
$
(29.1
)
 
$
0

 
$
2,870.1

 
12.2
%
State and local government obligations
2,509.5

 
13.8

 
(20.7
)
 
0

 
2,502.6

 
10.7

Foreign government obligations
24.5

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
24.5

 
0.1

Corporate debt securities
4,557.8

 
17.3

 
(24.3
)
 
0.1

 
4,550.9

 
19.4

Residential mortgage-backed securities
1,448.5

 
23.7

 
(15.0
)
 
1.5

 
1,458.7

 
6.2

Agency residential pass-through obligations
41.2

 
0

 
(0.6
)
 
0

 
40.6

 
0.2

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
2,266.9

 
12.0

 
(25.5
)
 
0

 
2,253.4

 
9.6

Other asset-backed securities
2,350.7

 
4.6

 
(4.4
)
 
0.2

 
2,351.1

 
10.0

Redeemable preferred stocks
188.8

 
5.1

 
(2.0
)
 
0

 
191.9

 
0.8

Total fixed maturities
16,287.1

 
76.5

 
(121.6
)
 
1.8

 
16,243.8

 
69.2

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
734.2

 
135.4

 
(16.1
)
 
0

 
853.5

 
3.6

Common equities
1,437.5

 
1,377.0

 
(2.1
)
 
0

 
2,812.4

 
12.0

Short-term investments
3,572.9

 
0

 
0

 
0

 
3,572.9

 
15.2

Total portfolio1,2
$
22,031.7

 
$
1,588.9

 
$
(139.8
)
 
$
1.8

 
$
23,482.6

 
100.0
%
1Our portfolio reflects the effect of unsettled security transactions and collateral on open derivative positions; at September 30, 2017 and 2016, and December 31, 2016, we had $238.3 million, $185.3 million, and $27.8 million, respectively, included in “other liabilities.”
2The total fair value of the portfolio at September 30, 2017 and 2016, and December 31, 2016, included $1.1 billion, $1.0 billion, and $1.3 billion, respectively, of securities held in a consolidated, non-insurance subsidiary of the holding company, net of any unsettled security transactions.


7



Short-Term Investments Our short-term investments may include commercial paper and other investments that are expected to mature within one year. We did not enter into any repurchase commitment transactions during the first nine months of 2017 or 2016, and we had no open repurchase commitments at September 30, 2017 and 2016, or December 31, 2016.
Also included in short-term investments are reverse repurchase commitment transactions, where we loan cash to approved counterparties and receive U.S. Treasury Notes pledged as collateral against the cash borrowed. Our exposure to credit risk is limited due to the nature of the collateral (i.e., U.S. Treasury Notes) received. We have counterparty exposure on these trades in the event of a counterparty default to the extent the collateral security’s value is below the amount of cash we delivered to acquire the collateral. The short-term duration of the transactions (primarily overnight) reduces that exposure.

We had no open reverse repurchase commitments at September 30, 2017 or December 31, 2016, compared to $68.0 million open at September 30, 2016. We did not enter into any reverse repurchase commitments for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, our largest outstanding balance of reverse repurchase commitments was $265.0 million, which was open for one day. For the 28 days we invested in these transactions, the average daily balance of reverse repurchase commitments was $122.6 million.

To the extent we enter into repurchase or reverse repurchase transactions, and consistent with past practice, we would elect not to offset these transactions and would report them on a gross basis on our balance sheets despite the option to elect to offset these transactions as long as they were with the same counterparty and subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement.

Hybrid Securities Included in our fixed-maturity and equity securities are hybrid securities, which are reported at fair value:

 
September 30,
 
December 31,
2016

(millions)
2017

 
2016

 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
State and local government obligations
$
2.4

 
$
0

 
$
0

Corporate debt securities
114.9

 
31.2

 
40.1

Residential mortgage-backed securities
0

 
175.3

 
170.5

Other asset-backed securities
7.1

 
9.5

 
8.9

Redeemable preferred stocks
35.5

 
0

 
0

Total fixed maturities
159.9

 
216.0

 
219.5

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
0

 
13.6

 
0

Total hybrid securities
$
159.9

 
$
229.6

 
$
219.5

The state and local government obligations in the table above were acquired at a premium and contain a contingently exercisable call feature that allows the issuer, at its discretion, to call the securities at par based on a provision that is unrelated to the economic characteristics of the issuer.
Certain corporate debt securities are accounted for as hybrid securities since they were acquired at a premium and contain a change-in-control put option (derivative) that permits the investor, at its sole option if and when a change in control is triggered, to put the security back to the issuer at a 1% premium to par. Due to this change-in-control put option and the substantial market premium paid to acquire these securities, there is the potential that the election to put, upon the change in control, would result in an acceleration of the recognition of the remaining premium paid on these securities in our results of operations. The put feature limits the potential loss in value that could be experienced in the event a corporate action occurs that results in a change in control that materially diminishes the credit quality of the issuer. Exercises of the puts would result in a loss of $9.6 million as of September 30, 2017, if all of the bonds experienced a simultaneous change in control and we elected to exercise all of our put options. We are under no obligation to exercise the put option we hold if a change in control occurs.
The residential mortgage-backed securities accounted for as hybrid securities are obligations of the issuer with payments of principal based on the performance of a reference pool of loans. This embedded derivative results in the securities incorporating the risk of default from both the issuer and the related loan pool. These securities were sold during 2017.
The other asset-backed security in the table above represents one hybrid security that was acquired at a deep discount to par due to a failing auction, and contains a put option that allows the investor to put that security back to the auction at par if the auction is restored. This embedded derivative had the potential to more than double our initial investment yield at acquisition.

8



The redeemable preferred stock in the table above represents one hybrid security acquired in 2017 with a provision that requires the issuer, in the event of bankruptcy, to convert the security into an equivalent number of shares of a newly-issued perpetual preferred stock. This embedded derivative has the potential to result in the security converting from a debt instrument to an equity instrument.
During 2016, we sold the nonredeemable preferred stocks referred to in the table above. These securities were perpetual preferred stocks with fixed-rate coupons that have call features, whereby the change in value of the call features was a component of the overall change in value of the preferred stocks.
Fixed Maturities The composition of fixed maturities by maturity at September 30, 2017, was:
 
(millions)
Cost

 
Fair Value

Less than one year
$
4,088.1

 
$
4,105.7

One to five years
11,476.9

 
11,508.8

Five to ten years
2,873.9

 
2,901.3

Ten years or greater
144.2

 
144.2

Total
$
18,583.1

 
$
18,660.0

 
Asset-backed securities are classified in the maturity distribution table based upon their projected cash flows. All other securities which do not have a single maturity date are reported based upon expected average maturity. Contractual maturities may differ from expected maturities because the issuers of the securities may have the right to call or prepay obligations.
Gross Unrealized Losses As of September 30, 2017, we had $55.2 million of gross unrealized losses in our fixed-income securities (i.e., fixed-maturity securities and nonredeemable preferred stocks) and $5.5 million in our common equities. We currently do not intend to sell the fixed-income securities and determined that it is more likely that we will not be required to sell these securities for the period of time necessary to recover their cost bases. A review of our fixed-income securities indicated that the issuers were current with respect to their interest obligations and that there was no evidence of any deterioration of the current cash flow projections that would indicate we would not receive the remaining principal at maturity.
For common equities, 95% of our common stock portfolio was indexed to the Russell 1000; as such, this portfolio may contain securities in a loss position for an extended period of time, subject to possible write-downs, as described below. We may retain these securities as long as the portfolio and index correlation remain similar. To the extent there is issuer-specific deterioration, we may write down the securities of that issuer. The remaining 5% of our common stocks were part of a managed equity strategy selected and administered by an external investment advisor. If our review of loss position securities were to indicate there was a fundamental, or market, impairment on these securities that was determined to be other-than-temporary, we would recognize a write-down in accordance with our stated policy.













9



The following tables show the composition of gross unrealized losses by major security type and by the length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position:
 
 
Total No. of Sec.

Total
Fair
Value

Gross Unrealized Losses

Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
($ in millions)
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

 
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
54

$
3,804.0

$
(20.2
)
31

$
2,302.2

$
(7.1
)
 
23

$
1,501.8

$
(13.1
)
State and local government obligations
169

610.4

(3.1
)
40

141.0

(0.7
)
 
129

469.4

(2.4
)
Corporate debt securities
113

1,523.8

(4.2
)
59

636.0

(1.1
)
 
54

887.8

(3.1
)
Residential mortgage-backed securities
126

308.8

(3.2
)
14

37.4

(0.1
)
 
112

271.4

(3.1
)
Agency residential pass-through obligations
65

32.7

(0.4
)
12

1.8

0

 
53

30.9

(0.4
)
Commercial mortgage-backed securities
105

1,588.9

(12.8
)
61

1,073.5

(4.6
)
 
44

515.4

(8.2
)
Other asset-backed securities
148

1,393.2

(2.0
)
103

920.8

(1.0
)
 
45

472.4

(1.0
)
Redeemable preferred stocks
2

21.4

(2.0
)
1

10.9

0

 
1

10.5

(2.0
)
Total fixed maturities
782

9,283.2

(47.9
)
321

5,123.6

(14.6
)
 
461

4,159.6

(33.3
)
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
3

72.4

(7.3
)
0

0

0

 
3

72.4

(7.3
)
Common equities
67

52.0

(5.5
)
62

49.3

(4.9
)
 
5

2.7

(0.6
)
Total equity securities
70

124.4

(12.8
)
62

49.3

(4.9
)
 
8

75.1

(7.9
)
Total portfolio
852

$
9,407.6

$
(60.7
)
383

$
5,172.9

$
(19.5
)
 
469

$
4,234.7

$
(41.2
)
 
 
Total No. of Sec.

Total
Fair
Value

Gross Unrealized Losses

Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
($ in millions)
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

 
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
4

$
104.8

$
(0.3
)
4

$
104.8

$
(0.3
)
 
0

$
0

$
0

State and local government obligations
151

512.0

(1.6
)
117

409.6

(1.0
)
 
34

102.4

(0.6
)
Corporate debt securities
52

598.3

(1.8
)
42

541.5

(0.8
)
 
10

56.8

(1.0
)
Residential mortgage-backed securities
138

915.8

(15.5
)
26

108.8

(0.4
)
 
112

807.0

(15.1
)
Agency residential pass-through obligations
15

4.2

0

7

1.9

0

 
8

2.3

0

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
56

610.6

(6.1
)
17

194.7

(1.7
)
 
39

415.9

(4.4
)
Other asset-backed securities
43

488.7

(0.3
)
16

219.5

(0.1
)
 
27

269.2

(0.2
)
Redeemable preferred stocks
2

31.8

(1.2
)
0

0

0

 
2

31.8

(1.2
)
Total fixed maturities
461

3,266.2

(26.8
)
229

1,580.8

(4.3
)
 
232

1,685.4

(22.5
)
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
7

187.5

(13.9
)
1

9.9

(0.2
)
 
6

177.6

(13.7
)
Common equities
86

53.4

(4.4
)
83

49.5

(4.2
)
 
3

3.9

(0.2
)
Total equity securities
93

240.9

(18.3
)
84

59.4

(4.4
)
 
9

181.5

(13.9
)
Total portfolio
554

$
3,507.1

$
(45.1
)
313

$
1,640.2

$
(8.7
)
 
241

$
1,866.9

$
(36.4
)

10



 
Total No. of Sec.

Total
Fair
Value

Gross Unrealized Losses

Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
($ in millions)
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

 
No. of Sec.

Fair
Value

Unrealized Losses

December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
30

$
2,774.0

$
(29.1
)
30

$
2,774.0

$
(29.1
)
 
0

$
0

$
0

State and local government obligations
618

1,497.9

(20.7
)
584

1,404.3

(19.6
)
 
34

93.6

(1.1
)
Corporate debt securities
184

2,615.1

(24.3
)
175

2,559.9

(24.0
)
 
9

55.2

(0.3
)
Residential mortgage-backed securities
178

917.7

(15.0
)
69

175.8

(1.1
)
 
109

741.9

(13.9
)
Agency residential pass-through obligations
55

36.0

(0.6
)
48

33.9

(0.6
)
 
7

2.1

0

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
111

1,347.3

(25.5
)
85

1,061.2

(22.9
)
 
26

286.1

(2.6
)
Other asset-backed securities
103

1,605.2

(4.4
)
89

1,423.3

(3.9
)
 
14

181.9

(0.5
)
Redeemable preferred stocks
2

31.0

(2.0
)
0

0

0

 
2

31.0

(2.0
)
Total fixed maturities
1,281

10,824.2

(121.6
)
1,080

9,432.4

(101.2
)
 
201

1,391.8

(20.4
)
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
13

329.6

(16.1
)
8

175.2

(3.8
)
 
5

154.4

(12.3
)
Common equities
75

22.1

(2.1
)
69

19.7

(1.7
)
 
6

2.4

(0.4
)
Total equity securities
88

351.7

(18.2
)
77

194.9

(5.5
)
 
11

156.8

(12.7
)
Total portfolio
1,369

$
11,175.9

$
(139.8
)
1,157

$
9,627.3

$
(106.7
)
 
212

$
1,548.6

$
(33.1
)

Since September 30, 2016, the number of securities in our fixed-maturity portfolio with unrealized losses increased, primarily the result of rising interest rates during the latter part of 2016. A narrowing of credit spreads for the first nine months of 2017 resulted in a decrease in the number of fixed-maturity securities with unrealized losses since December 31, 2016. We had no material decreases in valuation as a result of credit rating downgrades on our fixed-maturity securities. All of the fixed-maturity securities in an unrealized loss position at September 30, 2017 in the table above are current with respect to required principal and interest payments.

Since December 31, 2016, our nonredeemable preferred stocks with unrealized losses decreased to three securities, averaging approximately 9% of their total cost. The decrease in the number of securities is the result of valuation increases in the portfolio. We reviewed these securities and concluded that the unrealized losses are market-related adjustments to the values, which we determined not to be other-than-temporary; we expect to recover our initial investments on these securities. The number of issuers with unrealized losses in our common stock portfolio decreased during the first nine months of 2017. A review of the securities in a loss position did not uncover fundamental issues with the issuers that would indicate other-than-temporary impairments existed. Additionally, market expectations for recovery in the next 12 months would put the fair values at or above our current book values. Lastly, we determined, as of the balance sheet date, that it was not likely these securities would be sold prior to that recovery.

Other-Than-Temporary Impairment (OTTI) The following table shows the total non-credit portion of the OTTI recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income, reflecting the original non-credit loss at the time the credit impairment was determined (i.e., unadjusted for valuation changes subsequent to the original write-down):
 
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
2016

(millions)
2017

 
2016

 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
Residential mortgage-backed securities
$
(19.7
)
 
$
(43.3
)
 
$
(43.3
)
Commercial mortgage-backed securities
(0.4
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.6
)
Total fixed maturities
$
(20.1
)
 
$
(43.9
)
 
$
(43.9
)


11



The following tables provide rollforwards of the amounts related to credit losses recognized in earnings for the periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, for which a portion of the OTTI losses were also recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income at the time the credit impairments were determined and recognized: 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
Mortgage-Backed
 
 
(millions)
Residential 

 
Commercial 

 
Total

Balance at June 30, 2017
$
0.2

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.3

Credit losses for which an OTTI was not previously recognized
0

 
0.4

 
0.4

Reductions for securities sold/matured
0

 
0

 
0

Change in recoveries of future cash flows expected to be collected1
0

 
0

 
0

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
0.2

 
$
0.5

 
$
0.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
Mortgage-Backed
 
 
(millions)
Residential 

 
Commercial 

 
Total

Balance at December 31, 2016
$
11.1

 
$
0.4

 
$
11.5

Credit losses for which an OTTI was not previously recognized
0

 
0.4

 
0.4

Reductions for securities sold/matured
(10.9
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(11.2
)
Change in recoveries of future cash flows expected to be collected1
0

 
0

 
0

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
0.2

 
$
0.5

 
$
0.7

 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Mortgage-Backed
 
 
(millions)
Residential 

 
Commercial 

 
Total

Balance at June 30, 2016
$
11.8

 
$
0.4

 
$
12.2

Credit losses for which an OTTI was not previously recognized
0

 
0

 
0

Reductions for securities sold/matured
0

 
0

 
0

Change in recoveries of future cash flows expected to be collected1
(0.3
)
 
0

 
(0.3
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
11.5

 
$
0.4

 
$
11.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
Mortgage-Backed
 
 
(millions)
Residential 

 
Commercial 

 
Total

Balance at December 31, 2015
$
12.4

 
$
0.4

 
$
12.8

Credit losses for which an OTTI was not previously recognized
0

 
0

 
0

Reductions for securities sold/matured
0

 
0

 
0

Change in recoveries of future cash flows expected to be collected1
(0.9
)
 
0

 
(0.9
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
11.5

 
$
0.4

 
$
11.9

1Reflects the current period change in the expected recovery of prior impairments that will be accreted into income over the remaining life of the security.
Although we determined it is more likely that we will not be required to sell the securities prior to the recovery of their respective cost bases (which could be maturity), we are required to measure the amount of potential credit losses on the securities that were in an unrealized loss position. In that process, we considered a number of factors and inputs related to the individual securities. The methodology and significant inputs used to measure the amount of credit losses in our portfolio included: current performance indicators on the business model or underlying assets (e.g., delinquency rates, foreclosure rates, and default rates); credit support (via current levels of subordination); historical credit ratings; and updated cash flow expectations based upon these performance indicators. In order to determine the amount of credit loss, if any, the net present value of the cash flows expected (i.e., expected recovery value) was calculated using the current book yield for each security, and was compared to its current amortized value. In the event that the net present value was below the amortized value, a credit loss would be deemed to exist, and the security would be written down. We did not have any credit impairment write-downs for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

12




Realized Gains (Losses) The components of net realized gains (losses) for the three and nine months ended September 30, were:
 
Three Months
 
Nine Months
(millions)
2017

 
2016

 
2017

 
2016

Gross realized gains on security sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
$
0.9

 
$
6.4

 
$
5.8

 
$
24.1

State and local government obligations
4.0

 
0.6

 
7.1

 
16.0

Corporate and other debt securities
5.1

 
15.6

 
16.5

 
38.1

Residential mortgage-backed securities
2.8

 
0.2

 
23.8

 
1.9

Agency residential pass-through obligations
0

 
0

 
0

 
0.1

Commercial mortgage-backed securities
0

 
5.5

 
2.4

 
12.0

Other asset-backed securities
0

 
0

 
0.3

 
0

Redeemable preferred stocks
7.7

 
0

 
8.0

 
0

Total fixed maturities
20.5

 
28.3

 
63.9

 
92.2

Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonredeemable preferred stocks
3.0

 
4.9

 
54.6

 
11.9

Common equities
5.7

 
14.4

 
23.0

 
43.3

Short-term investments
0

 
0.1

 
0

 
0.1

   Subtotal gross realized gains on security sales
29.2

 
47.7

 
141.5


147.5

Gross realized losses on security sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government obligations
(1.0
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(1.2
)
State and local government obligations
0

 
0

 
(0.1
)
 
(1.6
)
Corporate and other debt securities
(1.8
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(1.9
)
Residential mortgage-backed securities
(0.1
)
 
0

 
(0.4
)
 
0

Agency residential pass-through obligations
0