10-Q 1 form10q.htm ERHC ENERGY 10-Q 12-31-2010 form10q.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)

o QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2010

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

Commission File Number 0-17325
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Colorado
88-0218499
(State of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

5444 Westheimer Road
Suite1440
Houston, Texas 77056
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(713) 626-4700
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x   No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer  o
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer  o
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o   No  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

The number of shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding as of January 31, 2011 was 738,408,854
 


 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ERHC ENERGY INC.
 
Part I. Financial Information
Page
       
       
Item 1.
 
4
       
   
4
       
   
5
       
   
6
       
   
8
       
Item 2.
 
13
       
Item 3.
 
20
       
Item 4.
 
21
       
Part II. Other Information
 
       
Item 1.
 
22
       
Item 6.
 
23
       
   
24


Forward-Looking Statements

ERHC Energy Inc. (also referred to  as the “Company” and denoted by the use of the pronouns “we,” “our” and “us” as the case may be in this Report) or its representatives may, from time to time, make or incorporate by reference certain written or oral statements of historical fact, statements  that  include, but are not limited to, information concerning the Company’s possible or assumed future business activities and results of operations and statements about the following subjects:
   
 
business strategy;
 
growth opportunities;
 
future development of concessions, exploitation of assets and other business operations;
 
future market conditions and the effect of such conditions on the Company’s future activities or results of operations;
 
future uses of and requirements for financial resources;
 
interest rate and foreign exchange risk;
 
future contractual obligations;
 
outcomes of legal proceedings including, without limitation, the ongoing investigations of the Company;
 
future operations outside the United States;
 
competitive position;
 
expected financial position;
 
future cash flows;
 
future liquidity and sufficiency of capital resources;
 
future dividends;
 
financing plans;
 
tax planning;
 
budgets for capital and other expenditures;
 
plans and objectives of management;
 
compliance with applicable laws; and
 
adequacy of insurance or indemnification.

These types of statements and other forward-looking statements inherently are subject to a variety of assumptions, risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expected, projected or expressed in forward-looking statements.  These risks and uncertainties include, among others, the following:

 
general economic and business conditions;
 
worldwide demand for oil and natural gas;
 
changes in foreign and domestic oil and gas exploration, development and production activity;
 
oil and natural gas price fluctuations and related market expectations;
 
termination, renegotiation or modification of existing contracts;
 
the ability of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, commonly referred to as “OPEC”, to set and maintain production levels and pricing, and the level of production in non-OPEC countries;
 
policies of the various governments regarding exploration and development of oil and gas reserves;
 
advances in exploration and development technology;
 
the political environment of oil-producing regions;
 
political instability in the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe and the Federal Republic of Nigeria
 
casualty losses;
 
competition;
 
changes in foreign, political, social and economic conditions;
 
risks of international operations, compliance with foreign laws and taxation policies and expropriation or nationalization of equipment and assets;
 
risks of potential contractual liabilities;
 
foreign exchange and currency fluctuations and regulations, and the inability to repatriate income or capital;
 
risks of war, military operations, other armed hostilities, terrorist acts and embargoes; 


 
regulatory initiatives and compliance with governmental regulations;
 
compliance with environmental laws and regulations
 
compliance with tax laws and regulations;
 
customer preferences;
 
effects of litigation and governmental proceedings;
 
cost, availability and adequacy of insurance;
 
adequacy of the Company’s sources of liquidity;
 
labor conditions and the availability of qualified personnel; and
 
various other matters, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.
 
The risks and uncertainties included here are not exhaustive.  Other sections of this report and the Company’s other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) include additional factors that could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations and financial performance.  Given these risks and uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on our statements concerning future intent.   Our statements included in this report speak only as of the date of this report.  The Company expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any of our statements to reflect any change in its expectations with regard to the statements or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any forward-looking statements are based.


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements

ERHC ENERGY INC.
A CORPORATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS



   
December 31,
   
September 30,
 
   
2010
   
2010
 
             
ASSETS
           
             
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 13,356,976     $ 12,913,249  
Marketable securities
    5,003,722       5,000,958  
Prepaid expenses and other
    135,895       199,808  
                 
Total current assets
    18,496,593       18,114,015  
                 
DRSTP concession fee
    2,839,500       2,839,500  
Furniture and equipment, net
    30,911       35,557  
Deferred tax asset
    2,018,398       2,018,398  
                 
Total assets
  $ 23,385,402     $ 23,007,470  
                 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
                 
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 209,025     $ 471,506  
Accounts payable, related party
    23,250       -  
Accrued interest
    12,866       12,406  
Current portion of convertible debt
    33,513       33,513  
                 
Total current liabilities
    278,654       517,425  
                 
Commitments and contingencies:
               
                 
Shareholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock, par value $0.0001; authorized 10,000,000; none issued and outstanding
    -       -  
Common stock, par value $0.0001; authorized 950,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 738,408,854 and 729,317,944 shares at December 31, 2010 and September 30, 2010, respectively
    73,841       72,932  
Additional paid-in capital
    99,241,643       97,401,297  
Accumulated deficit
    (76,208,736 )     (74,984,184 )
                 
Total shareholders’ equity
    23,106,748       22,490,045  
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
  $ 23,385,402     $ 23,007,470  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements


ERHC ENERGY INC.
A CORPORATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 

 
   
Three Months Ended December 31,
   
September 5, 1995 (inception) to December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
2010
 
                   
Costs and expenses:
                 
General and administrative
  $ 1,220,493     $ 809,533     $ 78,922,762  
Depreciation and depletion
    8,573       9,602       1,493,688  
Gain on sale of partial interest in DRSTP concession
    -       -       (30,102,250 )
Write-offs and abandonments
    -       -       7,742,128  
                         
Total costs and expenses
    (1,229,066 )     (819,135 )     (58,056,328 )
                         
Other income and (expenses):
                       
Interest income
    4,975       228       4,834,338  
Gain (loss) from settlements
    -       -       117,310  
Other income
    -       -       439,827  
Interest expense
    (461 )     (461 )     (12,131,052 )
Provision for loss on deposits
    -       -       (5,292,896 )
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    -       -       (5,749,575 )
                         
Total other income and (expenses), net
    4,514       (233 )     (17,782,048 )
                         
Loss before income taxes
    (1,224,552 )     (819,368 )     (75,838,376 )
                         
Benefit (provision) for income taxes:
                       
Current
    -       -       (1,330,360 )
Deferred
    -       -       960,000  
                         
Total benefit (provision) for income taxes
    -       -       (370,360 )
                         
Net loss
  $ (1,224,552 )   $ (819,368 )   $ (76,208,736 )
                         
Net loss per common share - basic and diluted
  $ 0     $ 0          
                         
Weighted average number of shares of common shares outstanding - basic and diluted
    737,815,969       723,050,444          
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidatd financial statements


ERHC ENERGY INC.
A CORPORATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 

 
   
Three Months Ended December 31,
   
September 5, 1995 (inception) to December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
2010
 
                   
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
                 
Net loss
  $ (1,224,552 )   $ (819,368 )   $ (76,208,736 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and depletion expense
    8,573       9,602       1,493,688  
Provision for loss on deposits
    -       -       5,292,896  
Write-offs and abandonments
    -       -       7,742,128  
Deferred income taxes
    -       -       (2,018,398 )
Compensatory stock options
    -       -       1,308,240  
Gain from settlement
    -       -       (617,310 )
Gain on sale of partial interest in DRSTP concession
                (30,102,250  )
Amortization of beneficial conversion feature associated with convertible debt
    -       -       2,793,929  
Amortization of deferred compensation
    -       -       1,257,863  
Loss on extinguishment of debt
    -       -       5,682,368  
Stock issued for services
    -       -       20,897,077  
Stock issued for settlements
    -       -       225,989  
Stock issued for officer bonuses
    19,755       -       5,081,136  
Stock issued for interest and penalties on convertible debt
    -       -       10,631,768  
Stock issued for board compensation
    -       -       2,652,448  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
                       
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    63,913       65,900       (135,894 )
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
    (262,021 )     (146,986 )     (2,778,110 )
Accounts payable, related party
    23,250       (79,983 )     23,250  
      -       -       -  
Accrued retirement obligation
    -       -       365,000  
                         
Net cash used by operating activities
    (1,371,082 )     (970,835 )     (46,412,918 )
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements


ERHC ENERGY INC.
A CORPORATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 

 
   
Three Months Ended December 31,
   
September 5, 1995 (inception) to December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
2010
 
                   
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
                 
Purchase of U.S. Treasury Bills and accrued interest
  $ (2,764 )   $ -     $ (5,003,722 )
Purchase of long-term investment
    -       -       (5,292,896 )
Purchase of DRSTP concession
    -       -       (5,679,000 )
Proceeds from sale of partial interest in DRSTP concession
    -       -       45,900,000  
Purchase of furniture and equipment
    (3,927 )     -       (951,374 )
                         
Net cash provided (used) by investing activities
    (6,691 )     -       28,973,008  
                         
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
                       
Proceeds from warrants exercised
    -       -       160,000  
Proceeds from common stock, net of expenses
    1,821,500       -       8,776,549  
Proceeds from line of credit, related party
    -       -       2,750,000  
Proceeds from non-convertible debt, related party
    -       -       158,700  
Proceeds from convertible debt, related party
    -       -       8,207,706  
Proceeds from sale of convertible debt
    -       -       9,019,937  
Proceeds from bank borrowing
    -       -       175,000  
Proceeds from stockholder loans
    -       -       1,845,809  
Proceeds from stock subscription Receivable
    -       -       913,300  
Repayment of shareholder loans
    -       -       (1,020,607 )
Repayment of long-term debt
    -       -       (189,508 )
                         
Net cash provided by financing activities
    1,821,500       -       30,796,886  
                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash  and cash equivalents
    443,727       (970,835 )     13,356,976  
                         
                         
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    12,913,249       22,428,728       -  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 13,356,976     $ 21,457,893     $ 13,356,976  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements


ERHC ENERGY INC.
A CORPORATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 – Basis of Presentation and Business Organization

The consolidated financial statements included herein, which have not been audited pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present a fair statement of the results for the interim periods on a basis consistent with the annual audited financial statements.  All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.  The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for an entire year.  Certain information, accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although ERHC Energy Inc. (“ERHC” or the “Company”) believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2010.


Note 2 – Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company adopted new guidance as of October 1, 2008, related to the measurement of the fair value of certain of its financial assets required to be measured on a recurring basis. Under the new guidance, based on the observability of the inputs used in the valuation techniques, the Company is required to provide the following information according to the fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value will be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

 
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 
Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
  
Interest income on cash and cash equivalents is recognized as earned on the accrual basis.

The following table summarizes financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2010 and September 30, 2010, segregated by the level of the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value:

December 31, 2010

   
Quoted Prices
In an Active
Market for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Total
 
                         
U.S. Treasury Bills
  $ 5,003,722     $ -     $ -     $ 5,003,722  

September 30, 2010

   
Quoted Prices
In an Active
Market for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Total
 
                         
U.S. Treasury Bills
  $ 5,000,958     $ -     $ -     $ 5,000,958  


Note 3 – Sao Tome Concession

In April 2003, the Company and the DRSTP entered into an Option Agreement (the “2003 Option Agreement”) in which the Company relinquished certain financial interests in the JDZ in exchange for exploration rights in the JDZ.  The Company additionally entered into an administration agreement with the Nigeria-Sao Tome and Principe JDA.  The Administration Agreement is the formal agreement by the JDA that it will fully implement ERHC’s preferential rights to working interests in the JDZ acreage as set forth in the 2003 Option Agreement and describes certain procedures regarding the exercising of these rights.  However, ERHC retained under a previous agreement the following rights to participate in exploration and production activities in the EEZ subject to certain restrictions:  (a) the right to receive up to two blocks of ERHC’s choice and (b) the option to acquire up to a 15% paid working interest in up to an additional two blocks of ERHC’s choice in the EEZ.  The Company would be responsible for its proportionate share of exploration and exploitation costs in the EEZ blocks.

The following represents ERHC’s current rights in the JDZ blocks:

JDZ Block
 
ERHC Original Participating Interest
 
ERHC Joint Bid Participating Interest
 
Participating Interest(s) Assigned
 
Current ERHC Retained Participating Interest
                 
2
 
30.00%
 
35.00%
 
43.00%
 
22.00%
3
 
20.00%
 
5.00%
 
15.00%
 
10.00%
4
 
25.00%
 
35.00%
 
40.50%
 
19.50%
5
 
15.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
15.00% (in arbitration)
6
 
15.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
15.00% (in arbitration )
9
 
20.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
20.00%

The Original Participating Interest is the interest granted pursuant to the 2003 Option Agreement. No participating interests have been sold related to Blocks 5, 6 or 9.

This exercise of the Company’s rights is subject to the condition that if no license is awarded or a license is awarded and subsequently withdrawn by the JDA prior to the commencement of operations, ERHC is entitled to receive its working interest in that block in a future license awarded for the block.
 
 
Particulars of Participating Agreements

Date of Participation Agreement
 
Party(ies) to the Participation Agreement
 
Participating Interest(s) Assigned
   
Participating Interest Assigned Price
 
                 
JDZ Block 2 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 22.00%
       
                 
March 2, 2006
 
Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration Production Co. Nigeria Ltd - a subsidiary of Sinopec International Petroleum and Production Corporation
    28.67 %   $ 13,600,000  
                     
   
Addax Energy Nigeria Limited - an Addax Petroleum Corporation subsidiary
    14.33 %   $ 6,800,000  
           
JDZ Block 3 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 10.00%
         
                     
February 15, 2006
 
Addax Petroleum Resources Nigeria Limited - a subsidiary of Addax Petroleum Corporation
    15.00 %   $ 7,500,000  
                     
JDZ Block 4 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 19.50%
         
                     
November 15, 2005
 
Addax Petroleum  Nigeria (Offshore 2) Limited - a subsidiary of Addax Petroleum Corporation
    40.50 %   $ 18,000,000  
 
Note 4 – Income Taxes
 
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company had a consolidated net operating loss carry-forward (“NOL”) of approximately $19,411,000 expiring through 2030.
 
The composition of deferred tax assets and the related tax effects at December 31, 2010 and September 30, 2010 are as follows:

   
December 31,
2010
   
September 30,
2010
 
             
Net operating losses
  $ 6,599,671     $ 6,190,040  
Deferred tax asset
    2,018,398       2,018,398  
Allowance for loss on deposits
    449,896       449,896  
Other
    81,771       81,771  
                 
Total deferred tax assets
    9,149,736       8,740,105  
Valuation allowance
    (7,131,338 )     (6,721,707 )
                 
Net deferred tax asset
  $ 2,018,398     $ 2,018,398  

The difference between the income tax benefit (provision) in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and the amount that would result if the U.S. federal statutory rate of 34% were applied to pre-tax income (loss) for the three months ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
             
             
Net loss at federal statutory rate
  $ 416,348     $ 145,896  
Stock compensation
    (6,717 )     -  
Change in valuation allowance
    (409,631 )     (145,896 )
                 
Tax provision
  $ -     $ -  

In preparing the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the Company assesses the likelihood that its deferred tax assets will be realized from future taxable income. The Company establishes a valuation allowance if it determines that it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Changes in the valuation allowance, when recorded, would be included in its consolidated statements of operations as a provision for (benefit from) income taxes. The Company exercises significant judgment in determining its provisions for income taxes, its deferred tax assets and liabilities and its future taxable income for purposes of assessing its ability to utilize any future tax benefit from its deferred tax assets. During 2010, the Company assessed the need for a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets. The deferred tax asset valuation allowance was $7,131,338 as of December 31, 2010. The valuation allowance relates to the net operating losses and certain deductions that may not be realized for tax purposes.


Note 5 - Stockholders' Equity

 On July 7, 2010, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, utilizing a “shelf” registration process or continuous offering process. Under this shelf registration process, the Company may, from time to time, sell up to $50,000,000 of the securities described in the prospectus in one or more offerings.  

Under the shelf registration, the Company sold 9,090,910 common shares for total proceeds of $2 million on October 6, 2010, pursuant to a securities purchase agreement.  An equivalent of 6,818,183  warrants with a term of 5 years and an exercise price of $0.28 were also issued to the investors along with the common shares sold.  The Company also issued to the placement agent  a total of 459,546 warrants which  have an exercise price of  $0.275 and a term of approximately 5 years.

The investor and placement agent warrants have a fair value of $650,398 and $86,500, respectively, determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the following assumptions: a) stock price of $0.26 and $0.29; b) the exercise prices noted above; c) expected term of 5 years; d) expected volatility of 98%; and, e) zero expected dividends.   These warrants were accounted for as stock issuance costs and as such have no impact on additional paid in capital.

A summary of warrant activities for the three months ended December 31, 2010 is as follows:

   
Warrants
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Remaining Term
 
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2010
    6,500,000     $ 0.36  
3.8 years
  $ 0  
Granted
    7,277,729       0.28            
Exercised
    -       -            
Expired/cancelled/forfeited
    -       -            
Outstanding at December 31, 2010
    13,777,729     $ 0.32  
4.2 years
  $ 0  
Exercisable at December 31, 2010
    13,777,729     $ 0.32  
4.2 years
  $ 0  

Warrants issued in the three months ended December 31, 2010 have a weighted average grant date fair value of $0.10.
 
 
Note 6 – Legal Proceedings

DOJ, SEC and U.S. Senate Committee Subpoenas

On May 4, 2006, a search warrant issued by the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division, was executed on ERHC seeking various records including, among others, documents, if any, related to correspondence with foreign governmental officials or entities in Sao Tome and Nigeria.  The search warrant cited, among other things, possible violations of the FCPA, Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act, Rule 10b-5 under the Exchange Act and criminal conspiracy and wire fraud statutes.

A related SEC subpoena was issued on May 9, 2006, and a second related subpoena issued on August 29, 2006.  The subpoenas requested from ERHC a range of documents including all documents related to correspondence with foreign governmental officials or entities in Sao Tome and Nigeria, personnel records (specifically, those regarding the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, Franklin Ihekwoaba) and other corporate records.  ERHC’s attorneys, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, assisted ERHC in responding to all subpoenas. On July 5, 2007, the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs’ Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations served ERHC with a subpoena, in connection with its review of matters relating to the potential abuse of payments made to foreign governments. The subpoena, as amended on July 18, 2007, sought documents and information regarding ERHC’s activities, particularly those related to the acquisition of ERHC’s interests in the Gulf of Guinea.  ERHC’s attorneys, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, assisted ERHC in responding to all subpoenas.

In January 2010, all the documents taken by federal investigators from the Company’s corporate headquarters in May 2006 were returned to the Company. A total of 106 boxes containing original archival records from the Company’s inception until 2006 were returned.  As of December 31, 2010, the Company does not have any reason to believe that the investigations by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs’ Permanent Subcommittee Investigations are active. The Company has not received any formal communication of conclusion of the investigations, however, if any of the investigations were to proceed, the Company anticipates that these investigations may be lengthy and does not know when they will conclude.  If violations are found, the Company may be subject to criminal, civil and/or administrative sanctions, including substantial fines, and the resolution or disposition of these matters could have a material adverse effect on its business, prospects, operations, financial condition and cash flows.


JDZ Blocks 5 and 6

On November 3, 2008, the Company filed a suit at the Federal High Court in Nigeria to prevent any tampering with its rights in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 pending the outcome of arbitration over the said rights. The suit comes after the JDA and Joint Ministerial Council (JMC) of the Nigeria-Sao Tome and Principe JDZ failed to give a satisfactory response to the Company’s letters seeking clarification on the Company’s rights in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 following media reports stating that the JMC had approved of the Company’s removal from the Blocks. The Company was awarded a 15 percent working interest in each of the Blocks in a 2005 bid/licensing round conducted by the JDA following the exercise by ERHC of preferential rights in the Blocks as guaranteed by contract and treaty.  The dispute is entirely contractual. The JDA and the Government of DRSTP contend that certain correspondence issued by a previous CEO/President of the Company in 2006 amount to a relinquishment of the Company’s rights in Blocks 5 and 6 under the Company’s contracts with DRSTP which provide for the rights.  The Company contends that no such relinquishment has occurred and has sought recourse to arbitration accordingly.
 
In November 2008, the Company dispatched notices of arbitration for service on the JDA and the governments of Nigeria and Sao Tome & Principe to commence arbitration in London. ERHC wants the London Court of International Arbitration to clarify that ERHC's interests in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 remain intact.  The arbitration has been currently suspended while the Company pursues amicable settlement with the governments of Nigeria and Sao Tome Principe.

Sao Tome Claim

Mr. Angelo de Jesus Bomfim, a Sao Tome licensed attorney is claiming against ERHC the sum of twenty six thousand ($26,000) U.S. dollars plus interest. The claim stems from an alleged retainer owed to Mr. Bomfim by the Company under an alleged retainer agreement entered into in 1998 between the Company and Mr. Bomfim, and alleged retainer services rendered thereafter between 1998 and 1999.  The Company’s lawyers are handling the claim on behalf of the Company. The Company has instructed its lawyers to arrange for the vigorous defense of the case if it proceeds to litigation as Mr. Bomfim has threatened.  However, the Company has also instructed its lawyers to attempt to negotiate an amicable settlement with Mr. Bomfim to avoid incurring exorbitant litigation cost.

From time to time, ERHC may be subject to routine litigation, claims, or disputes in the ordinary course of business.  ERHC intends to defend these matters vigorously; the Company cannot predict with certainty, however, the outcome or effect of any of the litigation or investigatory matters specifically described above or any other pending litigation or claims.  There can be no assurance as to the ultimate outcome of these lawsuits and investigations.


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements (including the notes thereto) and Item 1A of Part II; “Risk Factors,” included elsewhere in this report and the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, Item 7; and  “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Plan of Operations” and Item 1A, “Risk Factors” included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2010.  The Company’s historical results are not necessarily an indication of trends in operating results for any future period.   References to “ERHC” or the “Company” mean ERHC Energy Inc., a Colorado corporation, and, unless expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, its wholly owned subsidiary.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ON FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

We are including the following cautionary statement to make applicable and take advantage of the safe harbor provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for any forward-looking statements made by us, or on our behalf.  This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements include statements concerning plans, objectives, goals, strategies, expectations, future events or performance and underlying assumptions and other statements which are other than statements of historical facts.  Certain statements contained herein are forward-looking statements and, accordingly, involve risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements.  Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith and are believed by us to have a reasonable basis, including without limitations, management's examination of historical operating trends, data contained in our records and other data available from third parties, but there can be no assurance that management's expectations, beliefs or projections will result or be achieved or accomplished.  In addition to other factors and matters discussed elsewhere herein, the following are important factors that, in our view, could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements: geopolitical instability where we operate; our ability to meet our capital needs; our ability to raise sufficient capital and/or enter into one or more strategic relationships with one or more industry partners to execute our business plan; our ability and success in finding, developing and acquiring oil and gas reserves; our ability to respond to changes in the oil exploration and production environment, competition, and the availability of personnel in the future to support our activities.

Overview

ERHC Energy Inc., a Colorado corporation, (“ERHC” or the “Company”) was incorporated in 1986 and was engaged in a variety of businesses until 1996, when it began its current operations.  The Company’s goal is to maximize its value through exploration and exploitation of oil and gas reserves in the Gulf of Guinea offshore of central West Africa including its rights to working interests in exploration acreage in the Joint Development Zone (“JDZ”) between the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (“DRSTP or “Tome”) and the Federal Republic of Nigeria (“FRN or “Nigeria”) and in the exclusive territorial waters of Sao Tome (the “Exclusive Economic Zone” or “EEZ”). ERHC does not directly carry out the exploration and production operations in the JDZ but is relying on reputable technical operators with whom the Company has entered into partnership relationships, such as Addax Petroleum Inc. and Sinopec Corporation to carry out those operations. The Company has formed relationships with these upstream oil and gas companies to assist the Company in exploiting its assets in the JDZ. The Company currently has no other operations but is exploring opportunities in other areas of the Oil and Gas industry, including supply and trading.

The Company’s business strategy in the JDZ and EEZ is to farm out its rights to working interests to entities which we believe are established, well capitalized oil and gas operators for upfront cash payments and negotiate contracts with them to carry our share of the capital costs.  This has been done successfully on Blocks 2, 3 and 4 of the JDZ. ERHC will attempt to adopt a similar approach for JDZ Blocks 5, 6 and 9 as well as the EEZ. ERHC is also pursuing other business development activities in the broad petroleum and related industries.

Current Business Operations

ERHC’s operations are currently focused in the Gulf of Guinea, off the coast of central West Africa. ERHC believes this region has the possibility of significant oil and gas reserves. ERHC has worked to realize the value of the assets it has acquired in this region.  The Company’s current holdings include those below, details of which can be found at the link: http://www.erhc.com

 

JDZ ERHC has interests in six of the nine Blocks in the JDZ, a 34,548 square kilometer area approximately 200 kilometers off the coastline of Nigeria and Săo Tomé & Principe that is adjacent to several large petroleum discovery areas.

EEZ The government of Săo Tomé & Principe has awarded ERHC rights to participate in exploration and production activities in the EEZ, which encompasses an area of approximately 160,000 square kilometers. These rights were granted in a May 21, 2001 Memorandum of Agreement made between the DRSTP and the Company. The Company’s rights in the EEZ expire on October 1, 2024 or, if the company has a producing working interest in any Block(s) at October 1, 2024, the Company’s rights extend in such Block(s), as long as the Block(s) remains in production.

In 2009, the National Petroleum Agency of São Tomé & Príncipe (“ANP-STP”) delineated the EEZ into 19 Blocks and, accordingly, ERHC exercised its preferential rights arising from prior agreements between ERHC and São Tomé & Príncipe. In February, the ANP-STP confirmed the award to ERHC of 100 percent working interests in Blocks 4 and 11, signature bonus free.  The ANP-STP has indicated that it expects to invite ERHC to negotiate Production Sharing Contracts on the two Blocks in due course.

ERHC has been active in the EEZ, which is situated southeast of the JDZ, since 1997.  ERHC was one of the first companies to identify the possibility of significant oil and gas reserves in the offshore of Sao Tome and Principe. The two Blocks selected and awarded to ERHC in the EEZ sit directly to the east of the islands of Sao Tome and Principe.  
 
There has been less seismic imaging conducted in this area The next step will be to open discussions with potential technical partners to farm into Blocks 4 and 11 to assume operatorship and compensate ERHC for percentage ownership in the Blocks.

In addition to the two Blocks already awarded, ERHC has rights to acquire up to a 15 percent paid working interest in two additional Blocks of its choice in the EEZ. The ANP-STP has informed the Company that selection of these other Blocks will take place at a later date.

Although ERHC is making considerable progress toward realizing the value of our oil and gas assets in the Gulf of Guinea, it is still far from the point at which any of these oil and gas assets can begin to produce revenues. ERHC therefore seeks to identify and acquire assets with a shorter time horizon for revenue generation.

ERHC has identified and examined dozens of potential acquisition prospects and is holding discussions regarding a number of potential exploration and production opportunities in West Africa. Ultimately, ERHC seeks a portfolio of assets and companies from which it can derive significant strategic value. The success of potential acquisitions depends on the availability of adequate financing.  ERHC’s principal assets remain its interests in the JDZ and the EEZ.

Current Plans for Operations

The Company is currently focused on exploiting its interests in Blocks 2, 3 and 4 of the JDZ but has no current sources of income from operations.. The Company hopes to enter into Participation Agreements in Blocks 5, 6 and 9 of the JDZ, but the timing or likelihood of such transactions cannot be predicted.  The Company believes that the participation agreements that it has entered into will be its primary source of future cash flow; however, the Company is exploring plans to generate operating income from new sources.  The Company plans to diversify its business activity by pursuing other growth opportunities which may include acquisition of revenue-producing assets in diverse geographical areas and forging new strategic business partnerships and alliances. To expand operations, ERHC is currently in negotiations for potential investments that would increase the Company’s presence in the West African oil and gas industry and else where.

ERHC cannot currently predict the outcome of negotiations for acquisitions in West Africa, or, if successful, their impact on the Company's operations.

Plans for Funding of Potential Acquisitions

ERHC's future plans may be dependent on the Company's ability to attract new funding. On July 7, 2010, the Company filed a registration statement on Form S-3 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, utilizing a “shelf” registration process or continuous offering process. Under this shelf registration process, the Company may, from time to time, sell up to $50,000,000 of the securities described in the prospectus in one or more offerings

Under the shelf registration, the Company sold 9,090,910 common shares for total proceeds of $2 million on October 6, 2010, pursuant to a securities purchase agreement.  An equivalent of 6,818,183  warrants with a term of 5 years and an exercise price of $0.28 were also issued to the investors along with the common shares sold.  The Company also issued to the placement agent  a total of 459,546 warrants which  have an exercise price of  $0.275 and a term of approximately 5 years.  The Company received net proceeds under the securities purchase agreement of $1,821,500.

General Development of the Business

In April 2003, the Company and the DRSTP entered into an Option Agreement (the “2003 Option Agreement”) in which the Company relinquished certain financial interests in the JDZ in exchange for exploration rights in the JDZ.  The Company additionally entered into an Administration Agreement with the Nigeria-Sao Tome and Principe Joint Development Authority (“JDA”).  The Administration Agreement is the formal agreement by the JDA that it will fully implement ERHC’s preferential rights to working interests in the JDZ acreage as set forth in the 2003 Option Agreement and describes certain procedures regarding the exercising of these rights.  However, ERHC retained the following rights to participate in exploration and production activities in the EEZ subject to certain restrictions:  (a) the right to receive 100% working interest signature bonus free  of two blocks of ERHC’s choice and (b) the option to acquire up to a 15% paid working interest in an  additional  two blocks of ERHC’s choice in the EEZ.  The Company would be responsible for its proportionate share of exploration and exploitation costs in the EEZ blocks.

This exercise of ERHC’s rights is subject to the condition that if no license is awarded or a license is awarded and subsequently withdrawn by the JDA prior to the commencement of operations, ERHC is entitled to receive its working interest in that block in a future license awarded for that block.


ERHC entered into a series of negotiations and agreements that positioned the Company to enter into a Participation Agreement dated November 17, 2005 (the “Participation Agreement”) with Addax Petroleum (Nigeria Offshore 2) Limited (“Addax”). Under the Participation Agreement, as amended, Addax ultimately paid ERHC $18 million in February and March 2006 in exchange for the assignment of a 40.5% participating interest (the “Assigned Interest”) in Block 4 while ERHC retained a 19.5% interest   (“Retained Interest”).   Under the Participation Agreement, as amended, Addax currently serves as operator and pays all of ERHC’s current and future costs in respect of all petroleum operations in Block 4 subject to reimbursement upon production. Addax is to receive 100% of ERHC’s allocation of costs oil plus up to 50% of ERHC’s allocation of profit oil until Addax recovers all costs advanced on behalf of ERHC.

In February 2006, ERHC assigned a 15% participating interest in Block 3 of the JDZ to Addax Petroleum Resources Nigeria Limited (“Addax Sub”) for $7.5 million which was paid in the second quarter of fiscal 2006. ERHC retained a 10% interest in Block 3. Under the participation agreement between ERHC and Addax Sub, Addax Sub is currently “carrying” all of ERHC’s current and future costs in respect of petroleum operations in Block 3. Addax Sub is to receive to 100% of ERHC’s allocation of costs oil plus up to 50% of ERHC’s allocation of profit oil until Addax Sub recovers all costs advanced on behalf of ERHC.

In March 2006, ERHC assigned a 28.67% participating interest in Block 2 of the JDZ to Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Corporation Nigeria (“Sinopec”), and a 14.33% participating interest to Addax Energy Nigeria Limited (“Addax Ltd.”). ERHC retained a 22% participating interest in Block 2. In connection with these assignments, Sinopec paid ERHC $13.6 million and Addax Ltd. paid ERHC $6.8 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2006. Under the participation agreement between ERHC, Sinopec and Addax Ltd., Sinopec currently serves as operator, and Sinopec and Addax Ltd. pay all of ERHC’s current and future costs in respect of petroleum operations in Block 2. Sinopec and Addax Ltd. are to receive to 100% of ERHC’s allocation of cost oil plus up to 50% of ERHC’s allocation of profit until they recover all costs advanced on behalf of ERHC.

Related to the assignment of the participating interest in Block 2 to Sinopec, ERHC paid a $3 million in cash success fee to a British Virgin Island company (“Feltang”). $1.5 million was paid to Feltang in March 2006 and the remaining $1.5 million was paid in March 2007.  In August 2010, ERHC issued to Feltang 5,250,000 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 6,500,000 shares at a fixed exercise price of $0.355 per share. The payment and issuance of stock and warrants were made to Feltang pursuant to an agreement made in January 2006 between the Company and Feltang whereby the Company contracted Feltang to seek and introduce potential partners to ERHC as a replacement operator for the Company’s previous operating partner in Block 2. The company’s obligation to pay Feltang arose under the agreement as a result of the former operating partner’s withdrawal from Block 2, the execution of a participation agreement between the Company and Sinopec  (introduced to the Company by Feltang), and the execution of a PSC covering Block 2 with Sinopec as operator. Without the quick finding of a replacement for the Company’s former operating partner in Block 2, the Company’s ability to proceed to the execution of a Production Sharing Contract and therefore the maintenance or retention of its interests in JDZ Block 2 would have been put in serious jeopardy.
 
On June 24, 2009, Addax Petroleum Corporation announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement with Sinopec pursuant to which Sinopec had agreed, subject to the terms of the Support Agreement, to make an offer to acquire all of the outstanding common shares of Addax Petroleum.  On August 24, 2009, the sale of Addax Petroleum Corporation to Sinopec was finalized.

On October 2, 2009, Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Corporation acquired all of the outstanding shares of Addax Petroleum Corporation.


Operations in the JDZ

ERHC has working interests in six of the nine Blocks in the JDZ, as follow:

 
JDZ Block 2:  22.0%
 
JDZ Block 3:  10.0%
 
JDZ Block 4:  19.5%
 
JDZ Block 5:  15.0% (In arbitration)
 
JDZ Block 6:  15.0% (In arbitration)
 
JDZ Block 9:  20.0%

The working interest percentages represents ERHC’s share of all the hydrocarbon production from the blocks and obligates ERHC to pay a corresponding percentage of the costs of drilling, production and operating the blocks. These costs in blocks 2, 3 and 4 are currently being carried by the operators until production, whereupon the operators will recover their costs from the production revenues.

ERHC’s interests in  the JDZ Blocks are in various stages of exploration. JDZ Blocks 2, 3 and 4 were the focus of an exploration campaign that concluded in January 2010. To date, no Production Sharing Contracts have been signed in either JDZ Block 5 or 6, and no operatorship has been awarded as yet in JDZ Block 9.

In 2009, Sinopec and Addax, our technical partners and operators in Blocks 2, 3 and 4 undertook an exploratory drilling campaign across the three blocks that was completed in January 2010. That drilling campaign was a coordinated effort made possible by two important transactions undertaken by Addax and Sinopec during 2009: 1) Sinopec’s acquisition of Addax and 2) Addax’s acquisition of Anadarko Petroleum’s interest in Block 3, allowing Addax to become the operator in the Block 3.
 
The drilling campaign was completed in January 2010 with five wells drilled in the following locations and order:

 
The Kina-1 well in JDZ Block 4

 
The Bomu-1 well in JDZ Block 2

 
The Lemba-1 well in JDZ Block 3

 
The Malanza-1 well and Oki East-1 well in Block 4

The following is an analysis of activity that took place in each block in connection with the drilling campaign:

JDZ Block
 
Operator
 
Name of Well
 
Date Drilling Began
 
Date Well Completed
 
Rig/Vessel Used
                     
2
 
Sinopec
 
Bomu-1
 
August 2009
 
October 2009
 
SEDCO 702
                     
3
 
Addax Sub
 
Lemba-1
 
October 2009
 
November 2009
 
Deepwater Pathfinder
                     
4
 
Addax
 
Kina-1
 
August 2009
 
October 2009
 
Deepwater Pathfinder
                     
4
 
Addax
 
Malanza 1
 
November 2009
 
December 2009
 
Deepwater Pathfinder
                     
4
 
Addax
 
Oki East-1
 
December 2009
 
January 2010
 
Deepwater Pathfinder


The following is a summary of results of the drilling campaign:

JDZ Block
 
Results of Drilling Released by Operators
     
2
 
The Bomu-1 well was drilled on time and within budget to a total depth of 3,580 meters resulting in the discovery of biogenic methane gas. As of December 31, 2010 , the operator has not made any declaration of commerciality.
     
3
 
The Lemba-1 well was drilled on time and below budget to a total depth of 3,758 meters, biogenic methane gas was discovered in two sands.  As of December 31, 2010, the operator has not made any declaration of commerciality.
     
4
 
All wells were drilled on time and within budget to the planned depth.  Biogenic methane gas was discovered in multiple sands in both Kina well and Oki East well.  As of December 31, 2010, the operator has not made any declaration of commerciality.

General Information on Current Operations in Blocks 2, 3 and 4

Currently, the analysis of the information gathered during drilling is ongoing. The Joint Development Authority (“JDA”) has granted an extension of Exploration Phase 1 until March 2011 to enable contracting parties to complete the analysis.

No guarantees can be given at this stage that there will be any commercial discovery or production in commercial quantities or discovery or production at all.

As has been the practice in the JDZ, accurate material information on the progress in the JDZ Blocks will emanate from the operators or the JDA.  ERHC will publish such information in a timely manner in accordance with our contractual and regulatory obligations.

Management understands that each stage in the process requires considerable expertise and any resulting production in commercial quantities, may considerably enhance shareholder value.  No guarantees can be given at this stage that there will be production in commercial quantities.

Management also understands that analyzing drilling results and incorporating them into the relevant geologic and fluid models takes time. Further, moving from field appraisal and development to production takes time. As has been the practice in the JDZ, accurate material information on the progress in the JDZ Blocks will emanate from the operators or the JDA.  ERHC will publish such information in a timely manner in accordance with our contractual and regulatory obligations.

Background of the JDZ

In the spring of 2001, the governments of Săo Tomé & Principe and Nigeria reached an agreement over a long-standing maritime border dispute. Under the terms of the agreement, the two countries established the JDZ to govern commercial activities within the disputed boundaries. The JDZ is administered by the JDA which oversees all future exploration and development activities in the JDZ. The Revenues derived from the JDZ will be shared 60/40 between the governments of Nigeria and Săo Tomé & Principe, respectively.

The following chart represents ERHC’s current rights in the JDZ blocks.
 
JDZ Block
 
ERHC Original Participating Interest (1)
 
ERHC Joint Bid Participating Interest
 
Participating Interest(s) Assigned
 
Current ERHC Retained Participating Interest
                 
2
 
30.00%
 
35.00%
 
43.00%
 
22.00%
3
 
20.00%
 
5.00%
 
15.00%
 
10.00%
4
 
25.00%
 
35.00%
 
40.50%
 
19.50%
5
 
15.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
15.00% (in arbitraton)
6
 
15.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
15.00% (in arbitration)
9
 
20.00%
 
 -
 
 -
 
20.00%

(1)
The Original Participating Interest granted pursuant to the Option Agreement, dated April 2, 2003, between DRSTP and ERHC (the “2003 Option Agreement”).


The following is an analysis of the participation agreements under which the company sold participating interests in Blocks 2, 3 and 4. No participating interests have been sold related to Blocks 5, 6 or 9.

Particulars of Participating Agreements

Date of Participation Agreement
 
Party(ies) to the Participation Agreement
 
Participating Interest(s) Assigned
   
Participating Interest Assigned Price
 
                 
JDZ Block 2 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 22.00%
           
                 
March 2, 2006
 
Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration Production Co. Nigeria Ltd - a subsidiary of Sinopec International Petroleum and Production Corporation
    28.67 %   $ 13,600,000  
                     
   
Addax Energy Nigeria Limited - a Addax Petroleum Corporation subsidiary
    14.33 %   $ 6,800,000  
                     
JDZ Block 3 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 10.00%
               
                     
February 15, 2006
 
Addax Petroleum Resources Nigeria Limited - a subsidiary of Addax Petroleum Corporation
    15.00 %   $ 7,500,000  
                     
JDZ Block 4 - Participation Agreement - ERHC Retained Interest of 19.50%
               
                     
November 15, 2005
 
Addax Petroleum  Nigeria (Offshore 2) Limited - a subsidiary of Addax Petroleum Corporation
    40.50 %   $ 18,000,000  

Under the terms of the Participation Agreements Sinopec and Addax agreed to pay all of ERHC’s future costs for petroleum operations (“the carried costs”) in respect of ERHC's retained interests in the blocks. Additionally, Sinopec and Addax are entitled to 100% of ERHC’s allocation of cost oil plus up to 50% of ERHC’s allocation of profit oil from the retained interests on individual blocks until Sinopec and Addax Sub recover 100% of ERHC’s carried costs

On October 2, 2009, Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Corporation acquired all of the outstanding shares of Addax Petroleum Corporation.

Background of the EEZ

The government of Săo Tomé & Principe has awarded ERHC rights to participate in exploration and production activities in Săo Tomé & Principe’s EEZ. Based on blocks awarded to ERHC in 2010, ERHC’s rights in the EEZ include the following:

 
100 percent working interest in Blocks 4 and 11, and
 
The option to acquire up to a 15 percent paid working interest in another two blocks of ERHC’s choice.

ERHC would be responsible for its proportionate share of exploration and exploitation costs in the EEZ blocks.

The EEZ delineates waters of Săo Tomé that encompasses an area of approximately 160,000 square km. It is measured from claimed archipelagic baselines — territorial sea: 12 nautical miles, exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles. It is the largest such area in the Gulf of Guinea. Ocean water depths around the two islands exceed 1,524 meters, depths that have only become feasible for oil production in the past few years; however, oil and gas are produced in the neighboring countries of Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo.  


Results of Operations

Three Months Ended December 31, 2010 Compared with the Three Months Ended December 31, 2009

General and administrative expenses increased from $809,533 in the three months ended December 31, 2009 to $1,220,493 in three months ended December 31, 2010.  This increase occurred despite an ongoing effort to reduce operating expenses and was due primarily to the following:

 
Expenses related to the Company's proposed listing on the Alternative Investment Market ("AIM") of the London Stock Exchange that totaled $333,291 in the quarter ended December 31, 2010 with no similar expenses in 2009.

During the three months ended December 31, 2010, the Company had a net loss of $1,224,552 compared with a net loss of $819,368 for the three months ended December 31, 2009.  The increase in net loss was due to the additional AIM listing expenses incurred in the quarter ended December 31, 2010, as described above.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2010, the Company had $18,360,698 in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments, and positive working capital of $18,217,939.  Management believes that this cash position should be sufficient to support the Company’s working capital requirements for more than 12 months.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At December 31, 2010, the Company had no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on its financial condition or results of operations.

Debt Financing Arrangements

At December 31, 2010, the Company had short-term debt of $33,513 bearing interest at 5.5% per year payable to an individual. The Company had other total current liabilities of $245,141 including $23,250 in accrued compensation owed  to  a director for serving on the ERHC board.


Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The Company’s current focus is to exploit its primary assets, which are rights to working interest in the JDZ and EEZ under agreements with the JDA and DRSTP respectively.  The Company intends to continue to form relationships with other oil and gas companies with operational, technical and financial capabilities to partner witht the Company in leveraging its interests in the EEZ and the JDZ.  The Company currently has no other operations.

At December 31, 2010, all of the Company’s operations were located outside the United States.  The Company’s primary assets are agreements with DRSTP and the JDA, which provide ERHC with rights to participate in exploration and production activities in the Gulf of Guinea off the coast of West Africa.  This geographic area of interest is controlled by foreign governments that have historically experienced volatility, which is out of management’s control. The Company’s ability to exploit its interests in the agreements in this area may be impacted by this circumstance.

The future success of the Company’s international operations may also be adversely affected by risks associated with international activities, including financial, economic and labor conditions, political instability, risk of war, expropriation, renegotiation or modification of existing contracts, tax laws (including host-country import-export, excise and income taxes and United States taxes on foreign subsidiaries) and changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to the local currencies in which future oil and gas producing activities may be denominated.  Furthermore, changes in exchange rates may adversely affect the Company’s future results of operations and financial condition.

Market risks relating to the Company’s operations result primarily from changes in interest rates as well as credit risk concentrations.  The Company’s interest expense is generally not sensitive to changes in the general level of interest rates in the United States, particularly because a substantial majority of its indebtedness is at fixed rates.

The Company holds no derivative financial or commodity instruments.


Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

The Company’s  Chief Executive Officer and Principal Accounting Officer participated in an evaluation by management of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of December 31, 2010.  Based on their participation in that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Principal Accounting Officer concluded that as of December 31, 2010, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective and ensure that the information required to be disclosed in the reports that ERHC files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure under the Exchange Act. ERHC officers also concluded on December 31, 2010 that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms.

There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2010 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings


On May 4, 2006, a search warrant issued by the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division, was executed on ERHC seeking various records including, among others, documents, if any, related to correspondence with foreign governmental officials or entities in Sao Tome and Nigeria.  The search warrant cited, among other things, possible violations of the Foreign Currupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act, Rule 10b-5 under the Exchange Act and criminal conspiracy and wire fraud statutes.

A related SEC subpoena was issued on May 9, 2006, and a second related subpoena issued on August 29, 2006.  The subpoenas requested from ERHC a range of documents including all documents related to correspondence with foreign governmental officials or entities in Sao Tome and Nigeria, personnel records (specifically, those regarding the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer, Franklin Ihekwoaba) and other corporate records.  ERHC’s attorneys, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, assisted ERHC in responding to all subpoenas. On July 5, 2007, the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs’ Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations served ERHC with a subpoena, in connection with its review of matters relating to the potential abuse of payments made to foreign governments. The subpoena, as amended on July 18, 2007, sought documents and information regarding ERHC’s activities, particularly those related to the acquisition of ERHC’s interests in the Gulf of Guinea.  ERHC’s attorneys, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, assisted ERHC in responding to all subpoenas.

In January 2010, all the documents taken by federal investigators from the Company’s corporate headquarters in May 2006 were returned to the Company. A total of 106 boxes containing original archival records from the Company’s inception until 2006 were returned.  As of December 31, 2010, the Company does not have any reason to believe that the investigations by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs’ Permanent Subcommittee Investigations are active. The Company has not received any formal communication of conclusion of the investigations, however, if any of the investigations were to proceed, the Company anticipates that these investigations may be lengthy and does not know when they will conclude.  If violations are found, the Company may be subject to criminal, civil and/or administrative sanctions, including substantial fines, and the resolution or disposition of these matters could have a material adverse effect on its business, prospects, operations, financial condition and cash flows.

On November 3, 2008, the Company filed a suit at the Federal High Court in Nigeria to prevent any tampering with its rights in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 pending the outcome of arbitration over the said rights. The suit comes after the JDA and Joint Ministerial Council (JMC) of the Nigeria-Sao Tome and Principe JDZ failed to give a satisfactory response to the Company’s letters seeking clarification on the Company’s rights in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 following media reports stating that the JMC had approved of the Company’s removal from the Blocks. The Company was awarded a 15 percent working interest in each of the Blocks in a 2005 bid/licensing round conducted by the JDA following the exercise by ERHC of preferential rights in the Blocks as guaranteed by contract and treaty.  The dispute is entirely contractual. The JDA and the Government of DRSTP contend that certain correspondence issued by a previous CEO/President of the Company in 2006 amount to a relinquishment of the Company’s rights in Blocks 5 and 6 under the Company’s contracts with DRSTP which provide for the rights.  The Company contends that no such relinquishment has occurred and has sought recourse to arbitration accordingly.
 
In November 2008, the Company dispatched notices of arbitration for service on the JDA and the governments of Nigeria and Sao Tome & Principe to commence arbitration in London. ERHC would like the London Court of International Arbitration to clarify that ERHC's interests in JDZ Blocks 5 and 6 remain intact.  The arbitration has been currently suspended while the Company pursues amicable settlement with the governments of Nigeria and Sao Tome Principe. .

Mr. Angelo de Jesus Bomfim, a Sao Tome licensed attorney is claiming against ERHC the sum of twenty six thousand ($26,000) U.S. dollars plus interest. The claim stems from an alleged retainer owed to Mr. Bomfim by the Company under an alleged retainer agreement entered into in 1998 between the Company and Mr. Bomfim, and alleged retainer services rendered thereafter between 1998 and 1999.  The Company’s lawyers are handling the claim on behalf of the Company. The Company has instructed its lawyers to arrange for the vigorous defense of the case if it proceeds to litigation as Mr. Bomfim has threatened.  However, the Company has also instructed its lawyers attempt to negotiate an amicable settlement with Mr. Bomfim to avoid incurring exorbitant litigation cost.

From time to time, ERHC may be subject to routine litigation, claims, or disputes in the ordinary course of business.  ERHC intends to defend these matters vigorously; the Company cannot predict with certainty, however, the outcome or effect of any of the litigation or investigatory matters specifically described above or any other pending litigation or claims.  There can be no assurance as to the ultimate outcome of these lawsuits and investigations.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

Our operations and financial results are subject to various risks and uncertainties that could affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and trading price of our common stock, including but not limited to, failing financial institutions.  Please refer to our annual report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2010 for additional information concerning these and other uncertainties that could negatively impact the Company.


Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.  Submission of Matters to A Vote of Security Holders

None.

Item 5.  Other Information

None

Item 6.  Exhibits

   
Signatures
     
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive Officer
     
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of the Principal Accounting Officer
     
 
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, of the Chief Executive Officer
     
 
Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, of the Principal Accounting Officer
     
   
* Filed or furnished herewith. 



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

ERHC Energy Inc.
 
Name
Title
Date
     
/s/ Peter Ntephe
President , and
February 8, 2011
Peter Ntephe
Chief Executive Officer
 
     
/s/ Sylvan Odobulu
Controller
February 8, , 2011
Sylvan Odobulu
Principal Accounting Officer
 
 
 
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