10-K 1 mrtn20181231_10k.htm FORM 10-K mrtn20181231_10k.htm
 


 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 0R 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018

Commission file number 0-15010

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 DELAWARE

  

39-1140809

(State of incorporation)

  

(I.R.S. Employer Identification no.)

     

129 MARTEN STREET

  

  

MONDOVI, WISCONSIN

54755

(715) 926-4216

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(Registrant’s telephone number)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 Title of each class:

Name of each exchange on which registered:

COMMON STOCK, PAR VALUE $.01 PER SHARE

THE NASDAQ STOCK MARKET LLC

  

(NASDAQ GLOBAL SELECT MARKET)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
NONE

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES ☐ NO ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. YES ☐ NO ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES ☒ NO ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☒ Accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company ☐  Non-accelerated filer ☐
Emerging growth company ☐  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). YES ☐ NO ☒

 

As of June 29, 2018 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), the aggregate market value of the Common Stock of the Registrant (based upon the closing price of the Common Stock at that date as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market), excluding outstanding shares beneficially owned by directors and executive officers, was $995,574,000.

 

As of February 18, 2019, 54,469,612 shares of Common Stock of the Registrant were outstanding.

 

Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporates by reference information (to the extent specific sections are referred to in this Report) from the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the annual meeting to be held May 7, 2019, or 2019 Proxy Statement.

 



 

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  

  Page

PART I

 

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

1

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

6

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS     

11

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES     

11

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS     

11

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES     

11

ITEM 4A.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT     

12

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

ITEM 5. 

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES     

13

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA     

15

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

16

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

29

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA     

30

ITEM 9.

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE     

51

ITEM 9A.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES     

51

ITEM 9B.

OTHER INFORMATION     

51

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

ITEM 10. 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE     

52

ITEM 11.

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION     

52

ITEM 12. 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS     

52

ITEM 13. 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE     

52

ITEM 14. 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES     

53

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

ITEM 15.

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES     

53

ITEM 16. 

FORM 10-K SUMMARY

57

 

OTHER

 

 

 

Signature Page  

58

 

i

 
 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking statements. Such statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Any statements not of historical fact may be considered forward-looking statements. Written words such as “may” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “goal,” or “estimate,” or other variations of these or similar words, identify such statements. These statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties, and actual results may differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. Important factors known to us that could cause such material differences are identified in this Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6. We undertake no obligation to correct or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any future disclosures we make on related subjects in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

References in this Annual Report to “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company” or similar terms refer to Marten Transport, Ltd. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires.

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

We have strategically transitioned from a long-haul carrier to a multifaceted business offering a network of truck-based transportation capabilities across our five distinct business platforms – Truckload, Dedicated, Intermodal, Brokerage and MRTN de Mexico. We are one of the leading temperature-sensitive truckload carriers in the United States, specializing in transporting and distributing food and other consumer packaged goods that require a temperature-controlled or insulated environment. Our dry freight services are expanding, with 1,600 dry vans operating as of December 31, 2018. In 2018, we generated $787.6 million in operating revenue. Approximately 58% of our Truckload and Dedicated revenue in 2018 resulted from hauling temperature-sensitive products and 42% from hauling dry freight. We operate throughout the United States and in parts of Canada and Mexico, with substantially all of our revenue generated from within the United States. We provide regional truckload carrier services in the Southeast, West Coast, Midwest, South Central and Northeast regions. Our primary medium-to-long-haul traffic lanes are between the Midwest and the West Coast, Southwest, Southeast, and the East Coast, as well as from California to the Pacific Northwest. In 2018, our average length of haul was 433 miles.

 

Our growth strategy is to expand our business organically by offering shippers a high level of service and significant freight capacity. We market primarily to shippers that offer consistent volumes of freight in the lanes we prefer and are willing to compensate us for a high level of service. With our fleet of 2,755 company and independent contractor tractors, we offer service levels that include up to 99% on-time performance and delivery within the narrow time windows often required when shipping perishable commodities.

 

We have four reporting segments – Truckload, Dedicated, Intermodal and Brokerage. Financial information regarding these segments can be found in Footnote 3 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

The primary source of our operating revenue is provided by our Truckload segment through a combination of regional short-haul and medium-to-long-haul full-load transportation services. We transport food and other consumer packaged goods that require a temperature-controlled or insulated environment, along with dry freight, across the United States and into and out of Mexico and Canada.

 

Our Dedicated segment provides customized transportation solutions tailored to meet individual customers’ requirements, utilizing temperature-controlled trailers, dry vans and other specialized equipment within the United States. Our agreements with customers range from three to five years and are subject to annual rate reviews.

 

Our Intermodal segment transports our customers’ freight within the United States utilizing our temperature-controlled trailers on railroad flatcars for portions of trips, with the balance of the trips using our tractors or, to a lesser extent, contracted carriers.

 

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Our Brokerage segment develops contractual relationships with and arranges for third-party carriers to transport freight for our customers in temperature-controlled trailers and dry vans within the United States and into and out of Mexico through Marten Transport Logistics, LLC, which was established in 2007 and operates pursuant to brokerage authority granted by the DOT. We retain the billing, collection and customer management responsibilities.

 

Operating results of our MRTN de Mexico business which offers our customers door-to-door service between the United States and Mexico with our Mexican partner carriers is reported within our Truckload and Brokerage segments.

 

Organized under Wisconsin law in 1970, we are a successor to a sole proprietorship Roger R. Marten founded in 1946. In 1988, we reincorporated under Delaware law. Our executive offices are located at 129 Marten Street, Mondovi, Wisconsin 54755. Our telephone number is (715) 926-4216.

 

We maintain a website at www.marten.com. We are not including the information contained on our website as a part of, nor incorporating it by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We post on our website, free of charge, documents that we file with or furnish to the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and proxy statements, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish such material to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. We also provide a link on our website to Forms 3, 4 and 5 that our officers, directors and 10% stockholders file with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

Marketing and Operations

 

We approach our business as an integrated effort of marketing and operations. We target food and consumer packaged goods companies whose products require temperature-sensitive services and who ship multiple truckloads per week. By emphasizing high-quality service, we seek to become a core carrier for our customers. In 2018, our largest customer was Walmart.

 

Our marketing efforts are conducted by a staff of 238 sales, customer service and support personnel under the supervision of our senior management team. Marketing personnel travel within their regions to solicit new customers and maintain contact with existing customers. Customer service managers regularly contact customers to solicit additional business on a load-by-load basis.

 

Our operations and sales personnel strive to improve our asset productivity by seeking freight that allows for rapid turnaround times, minimizes non-revenue miles between loads, and carries a favorable rate structure. Once we have established a customer relationship, customer service managers work closely with our fleet managers to match customer needs with our capacity and the location of revenue equipment. Fleet managers use our optimization system to assign loads to satisfy customer and operational requirements, as well as to meet the routing needs of our drivers. We attempt to route most of our trucks over selected operating lanes, which we believe assists us in meeting customer requirements, balancing traffic, reducing non-revenue miles, and improving the reliability of delivery schedules.

 

We employ technology in our operations when we believe that it will allow us to operate more efficiently and the investment is cost-justified. Examples of the technologies we employ include:

 

 

Terrestrial and satellite-based tracking and messaging that allows us to communicate with our drivers, obtain load position updates, provide our customers with freight visibility, and download operating information such as fuel mileage and idling time for the tractor engines and temperature setting and run time for the temperature-control units on our trailers.

 

 

Freight optimization software that assists us in selecting loads that match our overall criteria, including profitability, repositioning, identifying capacity for expedited loads, driver availability and home time, and other factors.

 

 

Electronic data interchange and internet communication with customers concerning freight tendering, invoices, shipment status, and other information.

 

 

Electronic logging devices in our tractors to monitor drivers’ hours of service.

 

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Auxiliary power units installed on our company-owned tractors that allow us to decrease fuel costs associated with idling our tractors.

 

 

Fuel-routing software that optimizes the fuel stops for each trip to take advantage of volume discounts available in our fuel network.

 

 

We believe this integrated approach to our marketing and operations, coupled with our use of technology, has allowed us to provide our customers with a high level of service and support our revenue growth in an efficient manner. For example, we produced a non-revenue mile percentage of 6.2% during 2018, which points to the efficiency of our operations and we believe compares favorably to other temperature-sensitive and dry van trucking companies.

 

Major Customers

 

A significant portion of our revenue is generated from our major customers. In 2018, our top 30 customers accounted for approximately 65% of our revenue, and our top ten customers accounted for 46% of our revenue. We have emphasized increasing our customer diversity which is shown by the decrease in the portion of our revenue with our top customers. In 2010, our top 30 customers accounted for approximately 78% of our revenue, and our top ten customers accounted for 52% of our revenue. Eight of our top ten customers have been significant customers of ours for the last ten years. We believe we are the largest or second largest temperature-sensitive carrier for six of our top ten customers. We believe our relationships with these key customers are sound, but we are dependent upon them and the loss of some or all of their business could have a materially adverse effect on our results.

 

Drivers and Other Personnel

 

We believe that maintaining a safe and productive professional driver group is essential to providing excellent customer service and achieving profitability. As of December 31, 2018, 183 of our drivers have driven more than one million miles for us without a preventable accident, while 47 of our drivers have driven more than two million miles, 13 of our drivers have driven more than three million miles and one of our drivers has driven more than four million miles for us without a preventable accident.

 

We select drivers, including independent contractors, using our specific guidelines for safety records, including drivers’ Compliance, Safety, Accountability, or CSA, scores, driving experience, and personal evaluations. We maintain stringent screening, training, and testing procedures for our drivers to reduce the potential for accidents and the corresponding costs of insurance and claims. We train new drivers at a number of our terminals in all phases of our policies and operations, as well as in safety techniques and fuel-efficient operation of the equipment. All new drivers also must pass DOT required tests prior to assignment to a vehicle.

 

We primarily pay company-employed drivers a fixed rate per mile. The rate increases based on length of service. We also compensate drivers after one hour of detention, for inclement weather and for road service delays. Drivers also are eligible for bonuses based upon safe, efficient driving. We pay independent contractors a fixed rate per mile. Independent contractors pay for their own fuel, insurance, maintenance, and repairs.

 

Competition in the trucking industry for qualified drivers is normally intense and is expected to increase. Our operations have been impacted, and from time-to-time we have experienced under-utilization and increased expense, as a result of a shortage of qualified drivers. We place a high priority on the recruitment and retention of an adequate supply of qualified drivers.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had 3,589 employees. This total consists of 2,718 drivers, 304 mechanics and maintenance personnel, and 567 support personnel, which includes management and administration. As of that date, we also contracted with 46 independent contractors. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit. We consider relations with our employees to be good.

 

3

 

 

Revenue Equipment

 

Our revenue equipment programs are an important part of our overall goal of profitable growth. We evaluate our equipment decisions based on factors such as initial cost, useful life, warranty terms, expected maintenance costs, fuel economy, driver comfort, customer needs, manufacturer support, and resale value. We generally operate newer, well-maintained equipment with uniform specifications to minimize our spare parts inventory, streamline our maintenance program, and simplify driver training.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we operated a fleet of 2,755 tractors, including 2,709 company-owned tractors and 46 tractors supplied by independent contractors. The average age of our company-owned tractor fleet at December 31, 2018 was approximately 1.7 years. In 2018, we replaced our company-owned tractors within an average of 3.7 years after purchase.

 

Freightliner and Kenworth manufacture most of our company-owned tractors. Maintaining a relatively new and standardized fleet allows us to operate most miles while the tractors are under warranty to minimize repair and maintenance costs. It also enhances our ability to attract drivers, increases fuel economy, and improves customer acceptance by minimizing service interruptions caused by breakdowns. We adhere to a comprehensive maintenance program during the life of our equipment. We perform most routine servicing and repairs at our terminal facilities to reduce costly on-road repairs and out-of-route trips. We do not have any agreements with tractor manufacturers pursuant to which they agree to repurchase the tractors or guarantee a residual value, and we therefore could incur losses upon disposition if resale values of used tractors decline.

 

The EPA adopted revised emissions control regulations, which required progressive reductions in exhaust emissions from diesel engines. The last of three stepped reductions in exhaust emissions was effective for engines manufactured in January 2010 and thereafter. Since the beginning of 2016, all of the company-owned tractors in our fleet have tractor engines that were manufactured in January 2010 or thereafter and, therefore, were required to meet the revised design requirements. Compliance with these regulations has increased the cost of new tractors as manufacturers have significantly increased new equipment prices, in part to meet the more stringent engine design requirements imposed by the EPA.

 

We historically have contracted with independent contractors to provide and operate a portion of our tractor fleet. Independent contractors own their own tractors and are responsible for all associated expenses, including financing costs, fuel, maintenance, insurance, and taxes. The percentage of our fleet provided by independent contractors was 1.7% at December 31, 2018, 2.2% at December 31, 2017 and 2.4% at December 31, 2016.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we operated a fleet of 5,347 trailers, consisting of 3,747 refrigerated trailers and 1,600 dry vans. Most of our refrigerated trailers are equipped with Thermo-King refrigeration units, air ride suspensions, and anti-lock brakes. The average age of our trailer fleet at December 31, 2018 was approximately 2.5 years. In 2018, we replaced our company-owned trailers within an average of 5.5 years after purchase.

 

Insurance and Claims

 

We self-insure for a portion of our claims exposure resulting from workers’ compensation, auto liability, general liability, cargo and property damage claims, as well as employees’ health insurance. We are responsible for our proportionate share of the legal expenses relating to such claims as well. We reserve currently for anticipated losses and expenses. We periodically evaluate and adjust our insurance and claims reserves to reflect our experience. We have $14.6 million in standby letters of credit to guarantee settlement of claims under agreements with our insurance carriers and regulatory authorities. We maintain insurance coverage for per-incident and total losses in excess of the amounts for which we self-insure up to specified policy limits with licensed insurance carriers. Insurance carriers have raised premiums for many businesses, including trucking companies, which increases our insurance and claims expense, along with other factors. We believe that our policy of self-insuring up to set limits, together with our safety and loss prevention programs, are effective means of managing insurance costs.

 

4

 

 

Fuel

 

Our operations are heavily dependent upon the use of diesel fuel. The price and availability of diesel fuel can vary and are subject to political, economic, and market factors that are beyond our control. Fuel prices fluctuated dramatically and quickly at various times during the last three years. We actively manage our fuel costs by purchasing fuel in bulk in Mondovi, Wisconsin and at a number of our other maintenance facilities throughout the country and have volume purchasing arrangements with national fuel centers that allow our drivers to purchase fuel at a discount while in transit. During 2018, nearly 100% of our fuel purchases were made at these designated locations. To help further reduce fuel consumption, we have equipped our company-owned tractors with auxiliary power units since 2007. These units reduce fuel consumption by providing quiet climate control and electrical power for our drivers without idling the tractor engine. We have also invested in satellite tracking equipment for the temperature-control units on our trailers that has improved fuel usage through management of required temperature settings and run time of the units.

 

We further manage our exposure to changes in fuel prices through fuel surcharge programs with our customers and other measures that we have implemented. We have historically been able to pass through a significant portion of long-term increases in fuel prices and related taxes to customers in the form of fuel surcharges. These fuel surcharges, which adjust with the cost of fuel, enable us to recover a substantial portion of the higher cost of fuel as prices increase, except for non-revenue miles, out-of-route miles or fuel used while the tractor is idling. As of December 31, 2018, we had no derivative financial instruments to reduce our exposure to fuel price fluctuations.

 

Competition

 

We are one of the leading carriers operating in the temperature-sensitive segment of the truckload market, and our dry freight services are expanding. These markets are highly competitive, and we compete with many other truckload carriers of varying sizes and, to a lesser extent, with less-than-truckload carriers, railroads, and other transportation companies, many of which have more equipment, a wider range of services, and greater capital resources than we do or have other competitive advantages. We also compete with other motor carriers for the services of drivers, independent contractors, and management employees. We believe that the principal competitive factors in our business are service, freight rates, capacity, use of technology and financial stability, which positions us well to compete in these segments.

 

Regulation

 

The United States Department of Transportation, or DOT, and various state and local agencies exercise broad powers over our business, generally governing such activities as authorization to engage in motor carrier operations, safety and insurance requirements. Our company drivers and independent contractors also must comply with the safety and fitness regulations promulgated by the DOT, including those relating to drug and alcohol testing, medical and continuous training qualification and hours-of-service.

 

The DOT, through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, or FMCSA, imposes safety and fitness regulations on us and our drivers. In December 2010, the FMCSA introduced the Compliance, Safety, Accountability, or CSA, system to measure and evaluate the on-road safety performance of commercial carriers and individual drivers. CSA’s Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System replaced the former SafeStat system and has removed a number of drivers from the industry as carriers are less willing to hire and retain drivers with marginal ratings, which has increased competition for qualified drivers. The FMCSA issued in January 2016 a proposed Safety Fitness Determination rule that would replace the current system utilizing CSA scores. The proposed methodology would integrate on-road safety data from inspections with the results of carrier investigations and accident reports. A final rule has not yet been issued.

 

The FMCSA issued a regulatory rule effective in July 2013 that revised the hours-of-service requirements for drivers, which designate the length of time that drivers are allowed to drive and work. The rule retained the 11-hour driving maximum under which the industry has been operating since 2004. However, changes to the “34-hour restart” provision and required breaks effectively reduced the maximum workweek for drivers. These changes reduced on-duty non-driving time and moderately decreased industry productivity. Omnibus bills adopted in each of December 2014, December 2015 and December 2016 have suspended the additional restrictions effective in July 2013 to the “34-hour restart” provision. The restart rules are required by law to remain suspended until a comprehensive study on the impact of the rules is presented to Congress, who will determine any policy changes based on their review. This review has not yet taken place.

 

5

 

 

In January 2011, the FMCSA issued a regulatory proposal requiring commercial carriers to track compliance with hours-of-service regulations using electronic logging devices, or ELD’s, which was vacated and sent back to the FMCSA for further analysis and review in September 2011 by the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, or MAP-21 Act, included a provision directing the FMCSA to develop a final ELD rule in 2013, which was delayed until its issuance in December 2015. The final rule required compliance beginning in December 2017 which was strictly enforced beginning in April 2018. Our entire tractor fleet has been equipped with ELD’s since early 2011.

 

The EPA adopted revised emissions control regulations, which required progressive reductions in exhaust emissions from diesel engines. The last of three stepped reductions in exhaust emissions was effective for engines manufactured in January 2010 and thereafter. Since the beginning of 2016, all of the company-owned tractors in our fleet have tractor engines that were manufactured in January 2010 or thereafter and, therefore, were required to meet the revised design requirements. Compliance with these regulations has increased the cost of new tractors as manufacturers have significantly increased new equipment prices, in part to meet the more stringent engine design requirements imposed by the EPA.

 

We are also subject to various environmental laws and regulations dealing with the handling of hazardous materials, fuel storage tanks, air emissions from our facilities, engine idling, and discharge and retention of storm water. These regulations did not have a significant impact on our operations or financial results in 2016 through 2018.

 

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

 

The following factors are important and should be considered carefully in connection with any evaluation of our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects, or an investment in our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently believe may materially affect our company or our financial results. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations or affect our financial results.

 

Our business is subject to general economic and business factors that are largely beyond our control, any of which could have a materially adverse effect on our operating results. Our business is dependent on a number of general economic and business factors that may have a materially adverse effect on our results of operations, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include excess capacity in the trucking industry, strikes or other work stoppages, and significant increases or fluctuations in interest rates, fuel taxes, fuel prices, and license and registration fees. We are affected by recessionary economic cycles and downturns in customers’ business cycles, particularly in market segments and industries where we have a significant concentration of customers. Economic conditions may adversely affect our customers and their ability to pay for our services.

 

It is not possible to predict the effects of actual or threatened armed conflicts or terrorist attacks, efforts to combat terrorism, military action against any foreign state, heightened security requirements, or other related events and the subsequent effects on the economy or on consumer confidence in the United States, or the impact, if any, on our future results of operations.

 

Instability of the credit markets and the resulting effects on the economy could have a material adverse effect on our operating results. If the credit markets and the economy weaken, our business, financial results, and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected, especially if consumer confidence declines and domestic spending decreases. We may need to incur additional indebtedness, which may include drawing on our credit facility, or issue debt securities in the future to fund working capital requirements, make investments, or for general corporate purposes. Additionally, stresses in the credit market causes uncertainty in the equity markets, which may result in volatility of the market price for our securities.

 

We operate in a highly competitive and fragmented industry, and numerous competitive factors could impair our ability to maintain our current profitability. We compete with many other truckload carriers that provide temperature-sensitive service and dry freight of varying sizes and, to a lesser extent, with less-than-truckload carriers, railroads and other transportation companies, many of which have more equipment, a wider range of services and greater capital resources than we do or have other competitive advantages. Many of our competitors periodically reduce their freight rates to gain business, especially during times of reduced growth rates in the economy, which may limit our ability to maintain or increase freight rates or maintain significant growth in our business. In addition, many customers reduce the number of carriers they use by selecting so-called “core carriers” as approved service providers, or conduct bids from multiple carriers for their shipping needs, and in some instances, we may not be selected as a core carrier or to provide service under such bids.

 

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In addition, the trend toward consolidation in the trucking industry may create other large carriers with greater financial resources and other competitive advantages relating to their size. Competition from freight logistics and brokerage companies may negatively impact our customer relationships and freight rates. Furthermore, economies of scale that may be passed on to smaller carriers by procurement aggregation providers may improve such carriers’ ability to compete with us.

 

If the growth in our regional operations declines, or if we expand into a market with insufficient economic activity, our results of operations could be adversely affected. We operate regional service centers which are located in a number of cities within the United States. In order to support future growth, these regional operations require the commitment of additional capital, revenue equipment and facilities along with qualified management, drivers and other personnel. Should the growth in our regional operations decline, the results of our operations could be adversely affected. It may become more difficult to identify additional cities that can support service centers, and we may expand into cities where there is insufficient economic activity, reduced capacity for growth or less driver and non-driver personnel to support our operations. We may encounter operating conditions in these new markets that materially differ from our current operations and customer relationships may be difficult to obtain at appropriate freight rates. Also, we may not be able to apply our regional operating strategy successfully in additional cities, and it might take longer than expected or require a more substantial financial commitment than anticipated to establish our operations in the additional cities.

 

Increased prices and restricted availability of new revenue equipment could cause our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows to suffer. We have experienced higher prices for new tractors and trailers over the past few years, primarily as a result of higher commodity prices and government regulations applicable to newly manufactured tractors and trailers. We expect to continue to pay increased prices for revenue equipment for the foreseeable future. Our business could be harmed if we are unable to continue to obtain an adequate supply of new tractors and trailers or if we have to pay increased prices for new revenue equipment.

 

The EPA adopted revised emissions control regulations, which required progressive reductions in exhaust emissions from diesel engines. The last of three stepped reductions in exhaust emissions was effective for engines manufactured in January 2010 and thereafter. Since the beginning of 2016, all of the company-owned tractors in our fleet have tractor engines that were manufactured in January 2010 or thereafter and, therefore, were required to meet the revised design requirements. Compliance with these regulations has increased the cost of new tractors as manufacturers have significantly increased new equipment prices, in part to meet the more stringent engine design requirements imposed by the EPA.

 

We have significant ongoing capital requirements that could harm our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows if we are unable to generate sufficient cash from our operations. The truckload industry is capital intensive, and our policy of operating newer equipment requires us to expend significant amounts annually. If we elect to expand our fleet in future periods, our capital needs would increase. We expect to pay for projected capital expenditures with cash flows from operations and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash from operations and obtain financing on favorable terms in the future, we may have to limit our growth, enter into less favorable financing arrangements, or operate our revenue equipment for longer periods, any of which could have a materially adverse effect on our profitability.

 

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from our major customers, the loss of one or more of which could have a materially adverse effect on our business. A significant portion of our revenue is generated from our major customers. For 2018, our top 30 customers, based on revenue, accounted for approximately 65% of our revenue; our top ten customers accounted for approximately 46% of our revenue; our top five customers accounted for approximately 37% of our revenue; our top two customers accounted for approximately 28% of our revenue; and our largest customer accounted for approximately 15% of our revenue. Generally, other than for our Dedicated operations, we enter into one-year contracts with our major customers, the majority of which do not contain any firm obligations to ship with us. We cannot ensure that, upon expiration of existing contracts, these customers will continue to use our services or that, if they do, they will continue at the same levels. Many of our customers periodically solicit bids from multiple carriers for their shipping needs, and this process may depress freight rates or result in loss of business to our competitors. Some of our customers also operate their own private trucking fleets, and they may decide to transport more of their own freight. A reduction in or termination of our services by one or more of our major customers could have a materially adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

Ongoing insurance and claims expenses could significantly affect our earnings. Our future insurance and claims expense might exceed historical levels, which could reduce our earnings. We self-insure for a portion of our claims exposure resulting from workers’ compensation, auto liability, general liability, cargo and property damage claims, as well as employees’ health insurance. We also are responsible for our legal expenses relating to such claims. We reserve currently for anticipated losses and expenses. We periodically evaluate and adjust our claims reserves to reflect our experience. However, ultimate results may differ from our estimates, which could result in losses over our reserved amounts.

 

7

 

 

We maintain insurance above the amounts for which we self-insure with licensed insurance carriers. Although we believe the aggregate insurance limits should be sufficient to cover reasonably expected claims, it is possible that one or more claims could exceed our aggregate coverage limits. Insurance carriers have raised premiums for many businesses, including trucking companies. As a result, our insurance and claims expense has increased. If these expenses increase, or if we experience a claim in excess of our coverage limits, or we experience a claim for which coverage is not provided, results of our operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

We operate in a highly regulated industry and increased costs of compliance with, or liability for violation of, existing or future regulations could have a materially adverse effect on our business. The DOT and various state and local agencies exercise broad powers over our business, generally governing such activities as authorization to engage in motor carrier operations, safety and insurance requirements. Our company drivers and independent contractors also must comply with the safety and fitness regulations promulgated by the DOT, including those relating to drug and alcohol testing, medical and continuous training qualification and hours-of-service. We also may become subject to new or more restrictive regulations relating to fuel emissions, ergonomics, or other matters affecting safety or operating methods. Other agencies, such as the EPA and the Department of Homeland Security, or DHS, also regulate our equipment, operations, and drivers. Future laws and regulations may be more stringent and require changes in our operating practices, influence the demand for transportation services, or require us to incur significant additional costs. Higher costs incurred by us or by our suppliers who pass the costs onto us through higher prices could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

The DOT, through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, or FMCSA, imposes safety and fitness regulations on us and our drivers. In December 2010, the FMCSA introduced the Compliance, Safety, Accountability, or CSA, system to measure and evaluate the on-road safety performance of commercial carriers and individual drivers. CSA’s Motor Carrier Safety Measurement System replaced the former SafeStat system and has removed a number of drivers from the industry as carriers are less willing to hire and retain drivers with marginal ratings, which has increased competition for qualified drivers. The FMCSA issued in January 2016 a proposed Safety Fitness Determination rule that would replace the current system utilizing CSA scores. The proposed methodology would integrate on-road safety data from inspections with the results of carrier investigations and accident reports. A final rule has not yet been issued.

 

The FMCSA issued a regulatory rule effective in July 2013 that revised the hours-of-service requirements for drivers, which designate the length of time that drivers are allowed to drive and work. The rule retained the 11-hour driving maximum under which the industry has been operating since 2004. However, changes to the “34-hour restart” provision and required breaks effectively reduced the maximum workweek for drivers. These changes reduced on-duty non-driving time and moderately decreased industry productivity. Omnibus bills adopted in each of December 2014, December 2015 and December 2016 have suspended the additional restrictions effective in July 2013 to the “34-hour restart” provision. The restart rules are required by law to remain suspended until a comprehensive study on the impact of the rules is presented to Congress, who will determine any policy changes based on their review. This review has not yet taken place.

 

In January 2011, the FMCSA issued a regulatory proposal requiring commercial carriers to track compliance with hours-of-service regulations using electronic logging devices, or ELD’s, which was vacated and sent back to the FMCSA for further analysis and review in September 2011 by the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, or MAP-21 Act, included a provision directing the FMCSA to develop a final ELD rule in 2013, which was delayed until its issuance in December 2015. The final rule required compliance beginning in December 2017 which was strictly enforced beginning in April 2018. Our entire tractor fleet has been equipped with ELD’s since early 2011.

 

From time to time, various federal, state, or local taxes are increased, including taxes on fuels. We cannot predict whether, or in what form, any such increase applicable to us will be enacted, but such an increase could adversely affect our profitability.

 

8

 

 

Increases in compensation or difficulty in attracting drivers could affect our profitability and ability to grow. The transportation industry has historically experienced substantial difficulty in attracting and retaining qualified drivers, including independent contractors. With increased competition for drivers, including the impact that regulatory changes mandated by CSA have on the number of drivers in the transportation industry, we could experience greater difficulty in attracting sufficient numbers of qualified drivers. In addition, the available pool of independent contractor drivers is smaller than it has been historically. Accordingly, we may face difficulty in attracting and retaining drivers for all of our current tractors and for those we may add. Additionally, we may face difficulty in increasing the number of our independent contractor drivers. In addition, our industry suffers from high turnover rates of drivers. Our turnover rate requires us to recruit a substantial number of drivers. Moreover, our turnover rate could increase. If we are unable to continue to attract drivers and contract with independent contractors, we could be required to continue adjusting our driver compensation package beyond the norm or let trucks sit idle. An increase in our expenses or in the number of tractors without drivers could materially and adversely affect our growth and profitability.

 

If demand declines for our used revenue equipment, it could result in decreased equipment sales, resale values, and gains on sales of assets. The market for used revenue equipment is subject to a number of factors, including fluctuations in demand and prices. We do not have any agreements with tractor manufacturers pursuant to which they agree to repurchase our tractors or guarantee a residual value. As such, we are sensitive to changes in used equipment prices and demand, especially with respect to tractors. Reduced demand for used equipment could result in a lower volume of sales or lower sales prices, either of which could negatively affect our gains on sales of assets.

 

We depend on the stability, availability and security of the technology related to our management information and communication systems, which may prove to be inadequate. We depend upon our management information and communication systems for the efficient operation of our business. Our systems are used for receiving, planning and optimizing loads, communicating with and monitoring our drivers, tractors and trailers, billing customers and financial reporting. In addition, some of our key software has been developed internally by our programmers or by adapting purchased software to our needs and this software may not be easily modified or integrated with other software and systems. Our operations are potentially vulnerable to interruption by natural disasters, power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks, internet failures, computer viruses, malware, hacking, and other events beyond our control. Although we have taken steps to prevent and mitigate service interruptions and data security threats, the operational and security risks associated with information technology systems have increased in recent years because of the complexity of the systems and the sophistication and amount of cyber attacks. Our business would be materially and adversely affected if our management information and communication systems are compromised or disrupted by a failure or security breach or if we are unable to improve, upgrade, integrate or expand our systems as we continue to execute our growth strategy.

 

Fluctuations in the price or availability of fuel may increase our cost of operation, which could materially and adversely affect our profitability. We require large amounts of diesel fuel to operate our tractors and to power the temperature-control units on our trailers. Fuel is one of our largest operating expenses. Fuel prices tend to fluctuate, and prices and availability of all petroleum products are subject to political, economic and market factors that are beyond our control. We depend primarily on fuel surcharges, auxiliary power units for our tractors, satellite tracking equipment for the temperature-control units on our trailers, volume purchasing arrangements with truck stop chains and bulk purchases of fuel at our terminals to control and recover our fuel expenses. There can be no assurance that we will be able to collect fuel surcharges, enter into volume purchase agreements, or execute successful hedges in the future. Additionally, we may encounter decreases in productivity that may offset or eliminate savings from auxiliary power units or satellite tracking equipment, or we may incur unexpected maintenance or other costs associated with such units. The absence of meaningful fuel price protection through these measures, fluctuations in fuel prices, or a shortage of diesel fuel, could materially and adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Seasonality and the impact of weather can affect our profitability. Our tractor productivity generally decreases during the winter season because inclement weather impedes operations and some shippers reduce their shipments. At the same time, operating expenses generally increase, with harsh weather creating higher accident frequency, increased claims and more equipment repairs. We can also suffer short-term impacts from weather-related events such as hurricanes, blizzards, ice-storms, and floods that could harm our results or make our results more volatile.

 

9

 

 

Lack of capacity, changes in equipment requirements and service instability in the railroad industry could increase our operating costs and reduce our ability to offer intermodal services, which could adversely affect our revenue, results of operations, and customer relationships. Our Intermodal segment is dependent on railroad services and their capacity to transport freight for our customers. We expect our dependence on railroads will continue to increase as we expand our Intermodal services. We compete for the availability of railroad services with other intermodal operators as well as certain industries reliant on the use of rail cars, such as oil and agricultural, whose consumption of railroad capacity has significantly fluctuated over the past several years. In most markets, rail service is limited to a few railroads or even a single railroad. Any capacity constraints, changes in equipment requirements, service problems or reduction in service by the railroads with which we have, or in the future may have, relationships is likely to increase the cost of the rail-based services we provide and reduce the reliability, timeliness, and overall attractiveness of our rail-based services, which could adversely affect our revenue, results of operations and customer relationships. For example, certain railroads are considering requiring intermodal freight to be transported primarily using containers as opposed to trailers on flat cars, which could impact how we operate our intermodal business. Furthermore, railroads are relatively free to adjust shipping rates up or down as market conditions permit. Price increases could result in higher costs to our customers and reduce or eliminate our ability to offer Intermodal services. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will be able to negotiate additional contracts with railroads to expand our capacity, add additional routes, or obtain multiple providers, which could limit our ability to provide this service.

 

Our operations are subject to various environmental laws and regulations, the violation of which could result in substantial fines or penalties. We are subject to various environmental laws and regulations dealing with the handling of hazardous materials, fuel storage tanks, air emissions from our vehicles and facilities, engine idling, and discharge and retention of storm water. We operate in industrial areas, where truck terminals and other industrial activities are located, and where groundwater or other forms of environmental contamination have occurred. Our operations involve the risks of fuel spillage or seepage, environmental damage, and hazardous waste disposal, among others. Although we have instituted programs to monitor and control environmental risks and promote compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations, if we are involved in a spill or other accident involving hazardous substances or if we are found to be in violation of applicable laws or regulations, we could be subject to liabilities, including substantial fines or penalties or civil and criminal liability, any of which could have a materially adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

If we are unable to retain our executive officers and key management employees, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. We are highly dependent upon the services of our executive officers and key management employees, including our Chief Executive Officer. Currently, we do not have employment agreements with these employees and the loss of their services for any reason could have a materially adverse effect on our operations and future profitability. We have entered into agreements with our executive officers that require us to provide compensation to them in the event of termination of their employment without cause in connection with or within a certain period of time after a “change in control” of our Company. In addition, we must continue to develop and retain a core group of managers if we are to realize our goal of expanding our operations and continuing our growth. While our Board regularly engages in succession planning for our Chief Executive Officer and executive leadership team, there is no guarantee that a candidate or plan will be successful. Although we strive to reduce the potential negative impact of any such changes, the loss of any executive officers or key management employees could result in disruptions to our operations. In addition, hiring, training, and successfully integrating replacement personnel, whether internal or external, could be time consuming, may cause additional disruptions to our operations, and may be unsuccessful, which could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

10

 

 

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

 

Our executive offices and principal terminal are located on approximately seven acres in Mondovi, Wisconsin. This facility consists of 39,000 square feet of office space and 21,000 square feet of equipment repair and maintenance space. We added additional equipment repair and maintenance facilities in 2007 and in 2009 in Mondovi, Wisconsin which consist of 15,000 square feet of space located on approximately 11 acres and 50,000 square feet of space located on approximately three acres, respectively. We operate facilities in or near the following cities at which we perform the following operating activities:

 

Company Locations

Owned or

Leased

Office

Maintenance

Mondovi, Wisconsin

Owned

X

X

Phoenix, Arizona

Owned

X

X

Jurupa Valley, California

Owned

  

X

Otay Mesa, California

Owned

X

 

Tampa, Florida

Owned

X

X

Atlanta, Georgia

Owned

X

X

Indianapolis, Indiana

Owned

X

X

Kansas City, Kansas

Owned

X

X

Portland, Oregon

Owned

X

X

Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Owned

X

X

Memphis, Tennessee

Owned

X

X

Desoto, Texas

Owned

X

X

Laredo, Texas

Owned

X

X

Colonial Heights, Virginia

Owned

X

X

McAllen, Texas

Leased

 

  

 

Our Truckload, Dedicated and Brokerage segments operate out of a majority of our facilities while our Intermodal segment operates out of a small number of our locations. We believe the nature, size and location of our properties are suitable and adequate for our current business needs.

 

ITEM 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are involved in ordinary routine litigation incidental to our operations. These lawsuits primarily involve claims for workers’ compensation, personal injury, or property damage incurred in the transportation of freight.

 

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not Applicable.

 

11

 

 

ITEM 4A.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

Our executive officers, with their ages and the offices held as of February 18, 2019, are as follows:

 

Name

Age

Position

Randolph L. Marten

66

Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director

  

  

  

Timothy M. Kohl

71

President

  

  

  

Timothy P. Nash

67

Executive Vice President of Sales and Marketing

  

  

  

James J. Hinnendael

55

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

  

  

  

John H. Turner

57

Senior Vice President of Sales

 

Randolph L. Marten has been a full-time employee of ours since 1974. Mr. Marten has been a Director since October 1980, our Chairman of the Board since August 1993 and our Chief Executive Officer since January 2005. Mr. Marten also served as our President from June 1986 until June 2008, our Chief Operating Officer from June 1986 until August 1998 and as a Vice President from October 1980 to June 1986.

 

Timothy M. Kohl has been our President since June 2008 and joined the company in November 2007. Mr. Kohl served as Knight Transportation Inc.’s President from 2004 to 2007 and as its Secretary from 2000 to 2007. Mr. Kohl served as a director on Knight’s Board of Directors from 2001 to 2006, and he served as its Chief Financial Officer from 2000 to 2004. Mr. Kohl also served as Knight’s Vice President of Human Resources from 1996 through 1999. From 1999 through 2000, Mr. Kohl served as Vice President of Knight’s southeast region. Prior to his employment with Knight, Mr. Kohl was employed by Burlington Motor Carriers as Vice President of Human Resources. Prior to his employment with Burlington Motor Carriers, Mr. Kohl served as Vice President of Human Resources for J.B. Hunt.

 

Timothy P. Nash has been our Executive Vice President of Sales and Marketing since November 2000. Mr. Nash also served as our Vice President of Sales from November 1990 to November 2000 and as a Regional Sales Manager from July 1987 to November 1990. Mr. Nash served as a regional sales manager for Overland Express, Inc., a long-haul truckload carrier, from 1986 to 1987.

 

James J. Hinnendael has been our Executive Vice President since May 2015 and our Chief Financial Officer since January 2006 and served as our Controller from January 1992 to December 2005. Mr. Hinnendael served in various professional capacities with Ernst & Young LLP, a public accounting firm, from 1987 to December 1991. Mr. Hinnendael is a certified public accountant.

 

John H. Turner has been our Senior Vice President of Sales since December 2013, our Vice President of Sales from January 2007 to December 2013 and an executive officer since August 2007. He also served as our Vice President of Sales from October 2000 to February 2005, and as an executive officer from January 2002 to February 2005. Mr. Turner also served as our Director of Sales from July 1999 to October 2000 and in various professional capacities in our sales and marketing area from August 1991 to July 1999 and as our Operations Manager-West from October 1990 to August 1991. Previously, Mr. Turner served as a vice president for Naterra Land, Inc., a recreational land developer, from 2005 to 2006 and as the western fleet general manager and area sales manager for Munson Transportation, Inc., a long-haul truckload carrier, from 1986 to 1990.

 

12

 

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “MRTN.” On February 18, 2019, we had 134 record stockholders, and approximately 13,612 beneficial stockholders of our common stock. On July 7, 2017, we effected a five-for-three stock split of our common stock, $.01 par value, in the form of a 66 2/3% stock dividend. The following cash dividends and share amounts have been adjusted to give retroactive effect to the stock split for all periods presented.

 

Dividend Policy

 

In 2010, we announced a regular cash dividend program to our stockholders, subject to approval each quarter. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.025 per share of common stock were declared in each quarter of 2018 and totaled $5.5 million. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.015 per share of common stock were declared in each of the first two quarters of 2017 along with dividends of $0.025 per share in each of 2017’s last two quarters, which totaled $4.4 million. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.015 per share of common stock were declared in each quarter of 2016 and totaled $3.3 million. We currently expect to continue to pay quarterly cash dividends in the future. The payment of cash dividends in the future, and the amount of any such dividends, will depend upon our financial condition, results of operations, cash requirements, and certain corporate law requirements, as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors. Our ability to pay cash dividends is currently limited by restrictions contained in our revolving credit facility, which prohibits us from paying, in any fiscal year, stock redemptions and dividends in excess of 25% of our net income from the prior fiscal year. A waiver of the 25% limitation for 2016 was obtained from the lender.

 

Share Repurchase Program

 

In 2007, our Board of Directors approved and we announced a share repurchase program to repurchase up to one million shares of our common stock either through purchases on the open market or through private transactions and in accordance with Rule 10b-18 of the Exchange Act. In 2015, our Board of Directors approved and we announced an increase in the share repurchase program, providing for the repurchase of up to $40 million, or approximately two million shares, of our common stock, which was increased by our Board of Directors to 3.3 million shares in August 2017 to reflect the five-for-three stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend on July 7, 2017. The timing and extent to which we repurchase shares depends on market conditions and other corporate considerations. The repurchase program does not have an expiration date.

 

We repurchased and retired 200,000 shares of common stock for $3.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2018. We did not repurchase any shares in 2017. We repurchased and retired 759,302 shares of our common stock for $7.5 million in the first quarter of 2016. As of December 31, 2018, future repurchases of up to $12.6 million, or 806,000 shares, were available in the share repurchase program.

 

The following table shows our share repurchase activity during the three months ended December 31, 2018:

 

                           

Maximum Dollar Amount

 
                   

Total Number of

   

of Shares that may

 
   

Total Number

           

Shares Purchased

   

yet be Purchased

 
   

of Shares

   

Average Price

   

as Part of a Publicly

   

Under the Program

 

Period

 

Purchased

   

Paid per Share

   

Announced Program

   

(in thousands)

 

October 1, 2018-October 31, 2018

    200,000     $ 18.78       200,000     $ 12,556  
                                 

November 1, 2018-November 30, 2018

    -       -       -       12,556  
                                 

December 1, 2018-December 31, 2018

    -       -       -       12,556  

Total

    200,000     $ 18.78       200,000     $ 12,556  

 

13

 

 

Comparative Stock Performance 

 

The graph below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock with the NASDAQ Market index and the SIC code 4213 (trucking, except local) line-of-business index for the last five years. Research Data Group, Inc. prepared the line-of-business index. The graph assumes $100 is invested in our common stock, the NASDAQ Stock Market index and the line-of-business index on December 31, 2013, with reinvestment of dividends. The comparisons in the graph below are based on historical data and are not intended to forecast the possible future performance of our common stock. The information in the graph below shall be deemed “furnished” and not “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section.

 

 

 

14

 

 

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

FOR THE YEAR

                                       

Operating revenue

  $ 787,594     $ 698,120     $ 671,144     $ 664,994     $ 672,929  

Operating income

    70,348       56,862       58,303       61,063       51,006  

Net income

    55,027       90,284       33,464       35,745       29,834  

Net income – excluding 2017 deferred income taxes benefit(1)

    55,027       33,819       33,464       35,745       29,834  

Operating ratio(2)

    91.1

%

    91.9

%

    91.3

%

    90.8

%

    92.4

%

                                         

PER-SHARE DATA(3)

                                       

Basic earnings per common share

  $ 1.01     $ 1.66     $ 0.62     $ 0.64     $ 0.54  

Basic earnings per common share – excluding 2017 deferred income taxes benefit(1)

    1.01       0.62       0.62       0.64       0.54  

Diluted earnings per common share

    1.00       1.65       0.61       0.64       0.53  

Diluted earnings per common share – excluding 2017 deferred income taxes benefit(1)

    1.00       0.62       0.61       0.64       0.53  

Dividends declared per common share

    0.10       0.08       0.06       0.06       0.06  

Book value

    10.57       9.64       8.04       7.50       6.96  
                                         

AT YEAR END

                                       

Total assets(4)

  $ 753,904     $ 690,403     $ 653,748     $ 631,528     $ 576,461  

Long-term debt

                7,886       37,867       24,373  

Stockholders’ equity

    575,954       525,500       437,338       409,421       387,926  

 

(1)

Net income and basic and diluted earnings per common share for 2017 are presented for comparative purposes excluding the $56.5 million deferred income taxes benefit recorded to recognize the impact on our federal net deferred tax liability of the reduction of the federal corporate statutory income tax rate from 35% to 21% related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.

 

(2)

Represents operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue.

 

(3)

The amounts for December 31, 2014 through 2016 have been restated to reflect the five-for-three stock split effected in the form of a 66 2/3% stock dividend on July 7, 2017.

 

(4)

The amount for December 31, 2014 has been restated to reflect the reclassification of current deferred income tax assets to be consistent with the current presentation upon adoption of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes” effective December 31, 2015.

 

Note

We account for our revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 606, which we adopted on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. Prior years have not been restated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

 

15

 

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with the selected consolidated financial data and our consolidated financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this report. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including but not limited to those under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6. We do not assume, and specifically disclaim, any obligation to update any forward-looking statement contained in this report.

 

Overview

 

We have strategically transitioned from a long-haul carrier to a multifaceted business offering a network of truck-based transportation capabilities across our five distinct business platforms – Truckload, Dedicated, Intermodal, Brokerage and MRTN de Mexico.

 

The primary source of our operating revenue is provided by our Truckload segment through a combination of regional short-haul and medium-to-long-haul full-load transportation services. We transport food and other consumer packaged goods that require a temperature-controlled or insulated environment, along with dry freight, across the United States and into and out of Mexico and Canada.

 

Our Dedicated segment provides customized transportation solutions tailored to meet individual customers’ requirements, utilizing temperature-controlled trailers, dry vans and other specialized equipment within the United States. Our agreements with customers range from three to five years and are subject to annual rate reviews.

 

Generally, we are paid by the mile for our Truckload and Dedicated services. We also derive Truckload and Dedicated revenue from fuel surcharges, loading and unloading activities, equipment detention and other accessorial services. The main factors that affect our Truckload and Dedicated revenue are the rate per mile we receive from our customers, the percentage of miles for which we are compensated, the number of miles we generate with our equipment and changes in fuel prices. We monitor our revenue production primarily through average Truckload and Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharges, per tractor per week. We also analyze our average Truckload and Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharges, per total mile, non-revenue miles percentage, the miles per tractor we generate, our fuel surcharge revenue, our accessorial revenue and our other sources of operating revenue.

 

Our Intermodal segment transports our customers’ freight within the United States utilizing our temperature-controlled trailers on railroad flatcars for portions of trips, with the balance of the trips using our tractors or, to a lesser extent, contracted carriers. The main factors that affect our Intermodal revenue are the rate per mile and other charges we receive from our customers.

 

Our Brokerage segment develops contractual relationships with and arranges for third-party carriers to transport freight for our customers in temperature-controlled trailers and dry vans within the United States and into and out of Mexico through Marten Transport Logistics, LLC, which was established in 2007 and operates pursuant to brokerage authority granted by the DOT. We retain the billing, collection and customer management responsibilities. The main factors that affect our Brokerage revenue are the rate per mile and other charges that we receive from our customers.

 

Operating results of our MRTN de Mexico business which offers our customers door-to-door service between the United States and Mexico with our Mexican partner carriers is reported within our Truckload and Brokerage segments.

 

In addition to the factors discussed above, our operating revenue is also affected by, among other things, the United States economy, inventory levels, the level of truck and rail capacity in the transportation market, a contracting driver market, severe weather conditions and specific customer demand.

 

16

 

 

Our operating revenue increased $89.5 million, or 12.8%, from 2017 to 2018. Our operating revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased $50.4 million, or 8.0%, compared with 2017. Truckload segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, decreased 4.2% from 2017, primarily due to a reduction in our average number of tractors, partially offset by an increase in our average revenue per tractor. Dedicated segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 21.8% from 2017, primarily due to fleet growth driven by an increase in the number of Dedicated contracts we have with our customers. Intermodal segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 21.8% due to increases in revenue per load and in volume. Brokerage segment revenue increased 22.7% also due to increases in revenue per load and in volume in 2018. Fuel surcharge revenue increased to $106.2 million in 2018 from $67.1 million in 2017 primarily due to higher fuel prices and a shift of a portion of line haul revenue to fuel surcharge revenue which began in the first quarter of 2018 as a result of changes in a number of customer agreements. The change reduced our revenue excluding fuel surcharges by $12.9 million in 2018 and increased our fuel surcharge revenue by the same amount.

 

Our profitability is impacted by the variable costs of transporting freight for our customers, fixed costs, and expenses containing both fixed and variable components. The variable costs include fuel expense, driver-related expenses, such as wages, benefits, training, and recruitment, and independent contractor costs, which are recorded under purchased transportation. Expenses that have both fixed and variable components include maintenance and tire expense and our cost of insurance and claims. These expenses generally vary with the miles we travel, but also have a controllable component based on safety, fleet age, efficiency and other factors. Our main fixed costs relate to the acquisition and subsequent depreciation of long-term assets, such as revenue equipment and operating terminals. We expect our annual cost of tractor and trailer ownership will increase in future periods as a result of higher prices of new equipment, along with any increases in fleet size. Although certain factors affecting our expenses are beyond our control, we monitor them closely and attempt to anticipate changes in these factors in managing our business. For example, fuel prices have significantly fluctuated over the past several years. We manage our exposure to changes in fuel prices primarily through fuel surcharge programs with our customers, as well as through volume fuel purchasing arrangements with national fuel centers and bulk purchases of fuel at our terminals. To help further reduce fuel expense, we have installed and tightly manage the use of auxiliary power units in our tractors to provide climate control and electrical power for our drivers without idling the tractor engine, and also have improved the fuel usage in the temperature-control units on our trailers. For our Intermodal and Brokerage segments, our profitability is impacted by the percentage of revenue which is payable to the providers of the transportation services we arrange. This expense is included within purchased transportation in our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Our operating income improved 23.7% to $70.3 million in 2018 from $56.9 million in 2017. Our operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, or “operating ratio,” improved to 91.1% in 2018 from 91.9% in 2017. Operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, with both amounts net of fuel surcharges, improved to 89.7% in 2018 from 91.0% in the 2017. Our net income was $55.0 million, or $1.00 per diluted share, in 2018 and $90.3 million, or $1.65 per diluted share, in 2017. Earnings in 2017 include a deferred income taxes benefit of $56.5 million recorded to recognize the impact on our federal net deferred tax liability of the reduction of the federal corporate statutory income tax rate from 35% to 21% related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Excluding the deferred income taxes benefit, 2018 net income improved 62.7% from 2017 earnings of $33.8 million, or $0.62 per diluted share.

 

Our business requires substantial, ongoing capital investments, particularly for new tractors and trailers. At December 31, 2018, we had $56.8 million of cash and cash equivalents, $576.0 million in stockholders’ equity and no long-term debt outstanding. In 2018, net cash flows provided by operating activities of $150.6 million were primarily used to purchase new revenue equipment, net of proceeds from dispositions, in the amount of $93.9 million, to acquire and upgrade regional operating facilities in the amount of $5.9 million, to pay cash dividends of $5.5 million, and to repurchase and retire 200,000 shares of our common stock for $3.8 million, resulting in a $41.0 million increase in cash and cash equivalents. We estimate that capital expenditures, net of proceeds from dispositions, will be approximately $125 million in 2019. We believe our sources of liquidity are adequate to meet our current and anticipated needs for at least the next twelve months. Based upon anticipated cash flows, existing cash and cash equivalents balances, current borrowing availability and other sources of financing we expect to be available to us, we do not anticipate any significant liquidity constraints in the foreseeable future.

  

17

 

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations includes discussions of net income and diluted earnings per share, net of a deferred income taxes benefit; operating revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue; Truckload, Dedicated and Intermodal revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue; operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, each net of fuel surcharge revenue; and net fuel expense (fuel and fuel taxes net of fuel surcharge revenue and surcharges passed through to independent contractors, outside drayage carriers and railroads). We provide these additional disclosures because management believes these measures provide a more consistent basis for comparing results of operations from period to period. These financial measures in this report have not been determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Pursuant to Item 10(e) of Regulation S-K, we have included the amounts necessary to reconcile these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures of net income, diluted earnings per share, operating revenue, operating expenses divided by operating revenue, and fuel and fuel taxes.

 

Stock Split

 

On July 7, 2017, we effected a five-for-three stock split of our common stock, $.01 par value, in the form of a 66 ⅔% stock dividend. Our consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial data contained in this report have been adjusted to give retroactive effect to the stock split for all periods presented.

 

Adoption of New Revenue Recognition Accounting Standard

 

               We account for our revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which we adopted on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. Prior years have not been restated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The new revenue standard requires us to recognize revenue and related expenses within each of our four reporting segments over time, compared with our former policy in which we recorded revenue and related expenses on the date shipment of freight was completed.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth for the years indicated certain operating statistics regarding our revenue and operations: 

 

   

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

Truckload Segment:

                       

Revenue (in thousands)

  $ 375,340     $ 380,210     $ 375,851  

Average revenue, net of fuel surcharges, per tractor per week(1)

  $ 3,833     $ 3,514     $ 3,427  

Average tractors(1)

    1,613       1,837       1,898  

Average miles per trip

    573       599       623  

Total miles (in thousands)

    153,514       178,760       184,281  
                         

Dedicated Segment:

                       

Revenue (in thousands)

  $ 223,852     $ 166,881     $ 157,370  

Average revenue, net of fuel surcharges, per tractor per week(1)

  $ 3,300     $ 3,481     $ 3,432  

Average tractors(1)

    1,088       847       819  

Average miles per trip

    309       297       301  

Total miles (in thousands)

    93,269       77,102       75,333  
                         

Intermodal Segment:

                       

Revenue (in thousands)

  $ 102,025     $ 80,621     $ 71,490  

Loads

    42,425       40,196       35,947  

Average tractors

    88       79       76  
                         

Brokerage Segment:

                       

Revenue (in thousands)

  $ 86,377     $ 70,408     $ 66,433  

Loads

    51,104       48,271       49,721  

 

(1)

Includes tractors driven by both company-employed drivers and independent contractors. Independent contractors provided 46, 60 and 68 tractors as of December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

18

 

 

Comparison of Year Ended December 31, 2018 to Year Ended December 31, 2017

 

The following table sets forth for the years indicated our operating revenue, operating income and operating ratio by segment, along with the change for each component:

 

                   

Dollar

Change

   

Percentage

Change

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2018 vs.

2017

   

2018 vs.

2017

 

Operating revenue:

                               

Truckload revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

  $ 322,324     $ 336,596     $ (14,272

)

    (4.2

)%

Truckload fuel surcharge revenue

    53,016       43,614       9,402       21.6  

Total Truckload revenue

    375,340       380,210       (4,870

)

    (1.3

)

                                 

Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

    187,137       153,691       33,446       21.8  

Dedicated fuel surcharge revenue

    36,715       13,190       23,525       178.4  

Total Dedicated revenue

    223,852       166,881       56,971       34.1  
                                 

Intermodal revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

    85,572       70,282       15,290       21.8  

Intermodal fuel surcharge revenue

    16,453       10,339       6,114       59.1  

Total Intermodal revenue

    102,025       80,621       21,404       26.5  
                                 

Brokerage revenue

    86,377       70,408       15,969       22.7  
                                 

Total operating revenue

  $ 787,594     $ 698,120     $ 89,474       12.8

%

                                 

Operating income:

                               

Truckload

  $ 35,067     $ 26,326     $ 8,741       33.2

%

Dedicated

    18,589       17,074       1,515       8.9  

Intermodal

    11,150       8,303       2,847       34.3  

Brokerage

    5,542       5,159       383       7.4  

Total operating income

  $ 70,348     $ 56,862     $ 13,486       23.7

%

                                 

Operating ratio(1):

                               

Truckload

    90.7

%

    93.1

%

               

Dedicated

    91.7       89.8                  

Intermodal

    89.1       89.7                  

Brokerage

    93.6       92.7                  

Consolidated operating ratio

    91.1

%

    91.9

%

               

 

(1)

Represents operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue.

 

Our operating revenue increased $89.5 million, or 12.8%, to $787.6 million in 2018 from $698.1 million in 2017. Our operating revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased $50.4 million, or 8.0%, to $681.4 million in 2018 from $631.0 million in 2017. This increase was due to a $33.4 million increase in Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharges, a $16.0 million increase in Brokerage revenue, and a $15.3 million increase in Intermodal revenue, net of fuel surcharges, partially offset by a $14.3 million decrease in Truckload revenue, net of fuel surcharges. Fuel surcharge revenue increased to $106.2 million in 2018 from $67.1 million in 2017 primarily due to higher fuel prices and a shift of a portion of line haul revenue to fuel surcharge revenue which began in the first quarter of 2018 as a result of changes in a number of customer agreements. The change reduced our revenue excluding fuel surcharges by $12.9 million in 2018 and increased our fuel surcharge revenue by the same amount.

 

19

 

 

Truckload segment revenue decreased $4.9 million, or 1.3%, to $375.3 million in 2018 from $380.2 million in 2017. Truckload segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, decreased $14.3 million, or 4.2%, to $322.3 million in 2018 from $336.6 million in 2017, primarily due to a reduction in our average number of tractors, partially offset by an increase in our average revenue per tractor. The shift from line haul revenue to fuel surcharge revenue as a result of changes in a number of customer agreements decreased our Truckload revenue excluding fuel surcharges by $2.8 million, or $32 per tractor per week, in 2018, and increased our fuel surcharge revenue by the same amount. The improvement in the operating ratio in 2018 was primarily due to the increase in our average revenue per tractor driven by increased rates with our customers.

 

Dedicated segment revenue increased $57.0 million, or 34.1%, to $223.9 million in 2018 from $166.9 million in 2017. Dedicated segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 21.8% primarily due to fleet growth driven by an increase in the number of Dedicated contracts we have with our customers. The shift from line haul revenue to fuel surcharge revenue as a result of changes in a number of customer agreements decreased our Dedicated revenue excluding fuel surcharges by $10.1 million, or $179 per tractor per week, in 2018, and increased our fuel surcharge revenue by the same amount. The increase in the operating ratio for our Dedicated segment was primarily due to an increase in driver wages, an increase in bonus compensation expense for our non-driver employees and increased depreciation expense.

 

Intermodal segment revenue increased $21.4 million, or 26.5%, to $102.0 million in 2018 from $80.6 million in 2017. Intermodal segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 21.8% from 2017 due to increases in revenue per load and in volume. The improvement in the operating ratio in 2018 was primarily due to a decrease in the amounts payable to railroads as a percentage of our revenue and increased rates with our customers.

 

Brokerage segment revenue increased $16.0 million, or 22.7%, to $86.4 million in 2018 from $70.4 million in 2017 due to an increase in volume and rates with our customers. The increase in the operating ratio in 2018 was primarily due to an increase in the amounts payable to carriers for transportation services which we arranged as a percentage of our Brokerage revenue.

 

The following table sets forth for the years indicated the dollar and percentage increase or decrease of the items in our consolidated statements of operations, and those items as a percentage of operating revenue:

 

   

Dollar

Change

   

Percentage

Change

   

Percentage of

Operating Revenue

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2018 vs.

2017

   

2018 vs.

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 
                                 

Operating revenue

  $ 89,474       12.8

%

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

Operating expenses (income):

                               

Salaries, wages and benefits

    25,956       11.5       32.0       32.4  

Purchased transportation

    26,262       22.2       18.4       17.0  

Fuel and fuel taxes

    16,243       15.4       15.4       15.1  

Supplies and maintenance

    (760

)

    (1.8

)

    5.2       6.0  

Depreciation

    3,465       4.1       11.2       12.2  

Operating taxes and licenses

    480       5.3       1.2       1.3  

Insurance and claims

    72       0.2       4.9       5.5  

Communications and utilities

    587       9.7       0.8       0.9  

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment

    (1,745

)

    (31.7

)

    (0.9

)

    (0.8

)

Other

    5,428       32.8       2.8       2.4  

Total operating expenses

    75,988       11.8       91.1       91.9  

Operating income

    13,486       23.7       8.9       8.1  

Other

    (1,070

)

    (275.1

)

    (0.1

)

    0.1  

Income before income taxes

    14,556       25.8       9.0       8.1  

Income taxes expense (benefit)

    49,813       (147.3

)

    2.0       (4.8

)

Net income

  $ (35,257

)

    (39.1

)%

    7.0

%

    12.9

%

 

20

 

 

Salaries, wages and benefits consist of compensation for our employees, including both driver and non-driver employees, employees’ health insurance, 401(k) plan contributions and other fringe benefits. These expenses vary depending upon the size of our Truckload, Dedicated and Intermodal tractor fleets, the ratio of company drivers to independent contractors, our efficiency, our experience with employees’ health insurance claims, changes in health care premiums and other factors. Salaries, wages and benefits expense increased $26.0 million, or 11.5%, in 2018 from 2017. The increase in salaries, wages and benefits from 2017 resulted primarily from an increase in company driver compensation expense of $11.1 million, an increase in bonus compensation expense for our non-driver employees of $5.4 million, and an increase in employees’ health insurance expense of $3.3 million due to an increase in our self-insured medical claims.

 

Purchased transportation consists of amounts payable to railroads and carriers for transportation services we arrange in connection with Brokerage and Intermodal operations and to independent contractor providers of revenue equipment. This category will vary depending upon the amount and rates, including fuel surcharges, we pay to third-party railroad and motor carriers, the ratio of company drivers versus independent contractors and the amount of fuel surcharges passed through to independent contractors. Purchased transportation expense increased $26.3 million in total, or 22.2%, in 2018 from 2017. Amounts payable to carriers for transportation services we arranged in our Brokerage segment increased $13.7 million to $72.3 million in 2018 from $58.6 million in 2017, primarily due to an increase in brokerage revenue. Amounts payable to railroads and drayage carriers for transportation services within our Intermodal segment increased $13.6 million to $65.0 million in 2018 from $51.5 million in 2017. This increase was due to increased intermodal revenue along with increased fuel surcharges to the railroads due to higher fuel prices. The portion of purchased transportation expense related to our independent contractors within our Truckload and Dedicated segments, including fuel surcharges, decreased $1.1 million in 2018. We expect that purchased transportation expense will increase as we grow our Intermodal and Brokerage segments.

 

Fuel and fuel taxes increased by $16.2 million, or 15.4%, in 2018 from 2017. Net fuel expense (fuel and fuel taxes net of fuel surcharge revenue and surcharges passed through to independent contractors, outside drayage carriers and railroads) decreased $17.4 million, or 37.2%, to $29.4 million in 2018 from $46.8 million in 2017. Fuel surcharges passed through to independent contractors, outside drayage carriers and railroads increased to $14.0 million from $8.6 million in 2017. Despite an increase in the United States Department of Energy, or DOE, national average cost of fuel to $3.18 per gallon from $2.65 per gallon in 2017, net fuel expense decreased to 4.9% of Truckload, Dedicated and Intermodal segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, from 8.4% in 2017. The net fuel expense to revenue improved primarily due to a $12.9 million shift during 2018 of a portion of line haul revenue to fuel surcharge revenue as a result of changes in a number of customer agreements. Increases in our miles per gallon and in our revenue rate per mile in 2018 further improved this ratio. We have worked diligently to control fuel usage and costs by improving our volume purchasing arrangements and optimizing our drivers’ fuel purchases with national fuel centers, focusing on shorter lengths of haul, installing and tightly managing the use of auxiliary power units in our tractors to minimize engine idling and improving fuel usage in the temperature-control units on our trailers. Auxiliary power units, which we have installed in our company-owned tractors, provide climate control and electrical power for our drivers without idling the tractor engine.

 

Supplies and maintenance consist of repairs, maintenance, tires, parts, oil and engine fluids, along with load-specific expenses including loading/unloading, tolls, pallets and trailer hostling. Our supplies and maintenance expense decreased $760,000, or 1.8%, from 2017 primarily due to a decrease in our loading/unloading expense.

 

Depreciation relates to owned tractors, trailers, auxiliary power units, communication units, terminal facilities and other assets. The increase in depreciation was primarily due to a continued increase in the cost of revenue equipment. We expect our annual cost of tractor and trailer ownership will increase in future periods as a result of higher prices of new equipment, which will result in greater depreciation over the useful life.

 

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment increased to $7.2 million in 2018 from $5.5 million in 2017 primarily due to an increase in the number of trailers sold, along with an increase in our average gain for each tractor and trailer sold. Future gains or losses on dispositions of revenue equipment will be impacted by the market for used revenue equipment, which is beyond our control.

 

The $5.4 million increase in other operating expenses in 2018 was due in part to proceeds received in 2017 from the settlement of a lawsuit, net of 2017 legal expenses, of $1.0 million, and increased costs associated with recruiting and retaining drivers.

 

21

 

 

As a result of the foregoing factors, our operating income improved 23.7% to $70.3 million in 2018 from $56.9 million in 2017. Our operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, or “operating ratio,” improved to 91.1% in 2018 from 91.9% in 2017. The operating ratio for our Truckload segment was 90.7% in 2018 and 93.1% in 2017, for our Dedicated segment was 91.7% in 2018 and 89.8% in 2017, for our Intermodal segment was 89.1% in 2018 and 89.7% in 2017, and for our Brokerage segment was 93.6% in 2018 and 92.7% in 2017. Operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, with both amounts net of fuel surcharges, improved to 89.7% in 2018 from 91.0% in 2017.

 

The increase in our non-operating income was primarily due to improved operating results in 2018 by MW Logistics, LLC, or MWL, a 45% owned affiliate.

 

Our effective income tax rate increased to 22.5% in 2018 from (59.9%) in 2017. We recorded a $56.5 million deferred income taxes benefit in 2017 to recognize the impact on our federal net deferred tax liability of the reduction of the federal corporate statutory income tax rate from 35% to 21% related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which was enacted prior to December 31, 2017. Excluding that benefit, our effective tax rate was 40.1% in 2017, which exceeds our effective tax rate in 2018 primarily due to the reduction of the federal corporate tax rate in 2018 under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code including, but not limited to, reducing the federal corporate income tax rate as noted above and allowing bonus depreciation with full expensing of qualified property placed in service after September 27, 2017.

 

As a result of the factors described above, net income was $55.0 million, or $1.00 per diluted share, in 2018 and $90.3 million, or $1.65 per diluted share, in 2017. Excluding the $56.5 million deferred income taxes benefit recorded in 2017, net income in 2018 improved 62.7% from 2017 earnings of $33.8 million, or $0.62 per diluted share.  

 

22

 

 

Comparison of Year Ended December 31, 2017 to Year Ended December 31, 2016

 

The following table sets forth for the years indicated our operating revenue, operating income and operating ratio by segment, along with the change for each component:

 

                   

Dollar

Change

   

Percentage

Change

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017 vs.

2016

   

2017 vs.

2016

 

Operating revenue:

                               

Truckload revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

  $ 336,596     $ 339,967     $ (3,371

)

    (1.0

)%

Truckload fuel surcharge revenue

    43,614       35,884       7,730       21.5  

Total Truckload revenue

    380,210       375,851       4,359       1.2  
                                 

Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

    153,691       147,007       6,684       4.5  

Dedicated fuel surcharge revenue

    13,190       10,363       2,827       27.3  

Total Dedicated revenue

    166,881       157,370       9,511       6.0  
                                 

Intermodal revenue, net of fuel surcharge revenue

    70,282       64,508       5,774       9.0  

Intermodal fuel surcharge revenue

    10,339       6,982       3,357       48.1  

Total Intermodal revenue

    80,621       71,490       9,131       12.8  
                                 

Brokerage revenue

    70,408       66,433       3,975       6.0  
                                 

Total operating revenue

  $ 698,120     $ 671,144     $ 26,976       4.0

%

                                 

Operating income:

                               

Truckload

  $ 26,326     $ 27,438     $ (1,112

)

    (4.1

)%

Dedicated

    17,074       19,550       (2,476

)

    (12.7

)

Intermodal

    8,303       7,131       1,172       16.4  

Brokerage

    5,159       4,184       975       23.3  

Total operating income

  $ 56,862     $ 58,303     $ (1,441

)

    (2.5

)%

                                 

Operating ratio(1):

                               

Truckload

    93.1

%

    92.7

%

               

Dedicated

    89.8       87.6                  

Intermodal

    89.7       90.0                  

Brokerage

    92.7       93.7                  

Consolidated operating ratio

    91.9

%

    91.3

%

               

 

(1)

Represents operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue.

 

Our operating revenue increased $27.0 million, or 4.0%, to $698.1 million in 2017 from $671.1 million in 2016. Our operating revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased $13.1 million, or 2.1%, to $631.0 million in 2017 from $617.9 million in 2016. This increase was due to a $6.7 million increase in Dedicated revenue, net of fuel surcharges, a $5.8 million increase in Intermodal revenue, net of fuel surcharges, and a $4.0 million increase in Brokerage revenue, partially offset by a $3.4 million decrease in Truckload revenue, net of fuel surcharges. Fuel surcharge revenue increased to $67.1 million in 2017 from $53.2 million in 2016 due to higher fuel prices.

 

Truckload segment revenue increased $4.4 million, or 1.2%, to $380.2 million in 2017 from $375.9 million in 2016. Truckload segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, decreased $3.4 million, or 1.0%, to $336.6 million in 2017 from $340.0 million in 2016, primarily due to a reduction in our average number of tractors, partially offset by an increase in our average revenue per tractor. The increase in the operating ratio in 2017 was primarily due to an increase in insurance and claims expense, partially offset by the increase in our average revenue per tractor.

 

23

 

 

Dedicated segment revenue increased $9.5 million, or 6.0%, to $166.9 million in 2017 from $157.4 million in 2016. Dedicated segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 4.5% primarily due to fleet growth and an increase in our average revenue per tractor. The increase in the operating ratio for our Dedicated segment was primarily due to an increase in insurance and claims expense, partially offset by the increase in our average revenue per tractor.

 

Intermodal segment revenue increased $9.1 million, or 12.8%, to $80.6 million in 2017 from $71.5 million in 2016. Intermodal segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, increased 9.0% from 2016 due to an increase in volume. The operating ratio in 2017 improved slightly from 2016.

 

Brokerage segment revenue increased $4.0 million, or 6.0%, to $70.4 million in 2017 from $66.4 million in 2016 due to an increase in revenue per load. The improvement in the operating ratio in 2017 was achieved primarily through multiple cost control measures.

 

The following table sets forth for the years indicated the dollar and percentage increase or decrease of the items in our consolidated statements of operations, and those items as a percentage of operating revenue:

 

   

Dollar

Change

   

Percentage

Change

   

Percentage of

Operating Revenue

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2017 vs.

2016

   

2017 vs.

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Operating revenue

  $ 26,976       4.0

%

    100.0

%

    100.0

%

Operating expenses (income):

                               

Salaries, wages and benefits

    1,264       0.6       32.4       33.5  

Purchased transportation

    7,630       6.9       17.0       16.5  

Fuel and fuel taxes

    11,315       12.0       15.1       14.0  

Supplies and maintenance

    (2,299

)

    (5.2

)

    6.0       6.5  

Depreciation

    2,675       3.2       12.2       12.3  

Operating taxes and licenses

    (106

)

    (1.2

)

    1.3       1.4  

Insurance and claims

    6,362       19.7       5.5       4.8  

Communications and utilities

    (240

)

    (3.8

)

    0.9       0.9  

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment

    5,003       47.6       (0.8

)

    (1.6

)

Other

    (3,187

)

    (16.1

)

    2.4       2.9  

Total operating expenses

    28,417       4.6       91.9       91.3  

Operating income

    (1,441

)

    (2.5

)

    8.1       8.7  

Other

    (848

)

    (68.6

)

    0.1       0.2  

Income before income taxes

    (593

)

    (1.0

)

    8.1       8.5  

Income taxes (benefit) expense

    (57,413

)

    (243.3

)

    (4.8

)

    3.5  

Net income

  $ 56,820       169.8

%

    12.9

%

    5.0

%

 

 

Salaries, wages and benefits expense increased $1.3 million, or 0.6%, in 2017 from 2016. The increase in salaries, wages and benefits from 2016 resulted primarily from an increase in non-driver bonus compensation expense of $2.3 million, partially offset by multiple other items.

 

Purchased transportation expense increased $7.6 million in total, or 6.9%, in 2017 from 2016. Amounts payable to carriers for transportation services we arranged in our Brokerage segment increased $3.2 million to $58.6 million in 2017 from $55.4 million in 2016, primarily due to an increase in brokerage revenue. Amounts payable to railroads and drayage carriers for transportation services within our Intermodal segment increased $5.6 million to $51.5 million in 2017 from $45.9 million in 2016. This increase was primarily due to increased intermodal revenue. The portion of purchased transportation expense related to our independent contractors within our Truckload and Dedicated segments, including fuel surcharges, decreased $1.2 million in 2017.

 

24

 

 

Fuel and fuel taxes increased by $11.3 million, or 12.0%, in 2017 from 2016. Net fuel expense (fuel and fuel taxes net of fuel surcharge revenue and surcharges passed through to independent contractors, outside drayage carriers and railroads) decreased $213,000, or 0.5%, to $46.8 million in 2017 from $47.0 million in 2016. Fuel surcharges passed through to independent contractors, outside drayage carriers and railroads increased to $8.6 million from $6.2 million in 2016. Despite an increase in the DOE national average cost of fuel to $2.65 per gallon from $2.30 per gallon in 2016, net fuel expense decreased to 8.4% of Truckload, Dedicated and Intermodal segment revenue, net of fuel surcharges, from 8.5% in 2016. The net fuel expense to revenue improved in 2017 primarily due to increases in our miles per gallon and in our revenue rate per mile. We have worked diligently to control fuel usage and costs by improving our volume purchasing arrangements and optimizing our drivers’ fuel purchases with national fuel centers, focusing on shorter lengths of haul, installing and tightly managing the use of auxiliary power units in our tractors to minimize engine idling and improving fuel usage in the temperature-control units on our trailers.

 

Our supplies and maintenance expense decreased $2.3 million, or 5.2%, from 2016 primarily due to decreased repair costs at external facilities and a reduction in parts costs.

 

The increase in depreciation was primarily due to a continued increase in the cost of revenue equipment.

 

Insurance and claims consist of the costs of insurance premiums and accruals we make for claims within our self-insured retention amounts, primarily for personal injury, property damage, physical damage to our equipment, cargo claims and workers’ compensation claims. These expenses will vary primarily based upon the frequency and severity of our accident experience, our self-insured retention levels and the market for insurance. The $6.4 million increase in insurance and claims in 2017 was primarily due to increases in the cost of physical damage claims related to our tractors and trailers, in self-insured workers’ compensation claims, and in auto liability insurance premiums. Our significant self-insured retention exposes us to the possibility of significant fluctuations in claims expense between periods which could materially impact our financial results depending on the frequency, severity and timing of claims.

 

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment decreased to $5.5 million in 2017 from $10.5 million in 2016 primarily due to a decrease in the average gain for tractors and trailers within a soft equipment market.

 

The $3.2 million decrease in other operating expenses in 2017 was primarily due to proceeds received from the settlement of a lawsuit, net of current period legal expenses, of $1.0 million, along with multiple cost control measures.

 

As a result of the foregoing factors, our operating income decreased to $56.9 million in 2017 from $58.3 million in 2016. Our operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, or “operating ratio,” was 91.9% in 2017 and 91.3% in 2016. The operating ratio for our Truckload segment was 93.1% in 2017 and 92.7% in 2016, for our Dedicated segment was 89.8% in 2017 and 87.6% in 2016, for our Intermodal segment was 89.7% in 2017 and 90.0% in 2016, and for our Brokerage segment was 92.7% in 2017 and 93.7% in 2016. Operating expenses as a percentage of operating revenue, with both amounts net of fuel surcharges, was 91.0% in 2017 and 90.6% in 2016.

 

The decrease in our non-operating expense was primarily due to improved operating results in 2017 by MWL, a 45% owned affiliate.

 

Our effective income tax rate decreased to (59.9%) in 2017 from 41.4% in 2016. We recorded a $56.5 million deferred income taxes benefit in 2017 to recognize the impact on our federal net deferred tax liability of the reduction of the federal corporate statutory income tax rate from 35% to 21% related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. Excluding that benefit, the effective tax rate was 40.1% in 2017. The decrease to 40.1% was due in part to certain federal employment tax credits realized as a discrete item and an excess tax benefit of $176,000 which was recorded as a decrease to the provision for income taxes in 2017 with the adoption of the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, No. 2016-09, “Compensation – Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting” in 2017.

 

As a result of the factors described above, net income increased to $90.3 million, or $1.65 per diluted share, in 2017 from $33.5 million, or $0.61 per diluted share, in 2016. Excluding the deferred income taxes benefit, 2017 net income improved 1.1% to $33.8 million, or $0.62 per diluted share, from 2016.

 

25

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources 

 

Our business requires substantial, ongoing capital investments, particularly for new tractors and trailers. Our primary sources of liquidity are funds provided by operations and our revolving credit facility. A portion of our tractor fleet is provided by independent contractors who own and operate their own equipment. We have no capital expenditure requirements relating to those drivers who own their tractors or obtain financing through third parties.

 

The table below reflects our net cash flows provided by operating activities, net cash flows used for investing activities and net cash flows used for financing activities for the years indicated.

 

(In thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

Net cash flows provided by operating activities

  $ 150,623     $ 121,879     $ 133,801  

Net cash flows used for investing activities

    (101,270

)

    (95,318

)

    (97,290

)

Net cash flows used for financing activities

    (8,381

)

    (11,258

)

    (36,457

)

 

In 2007, our Board of Directors approved and we announced a share repurchase program to repurchase up to one million shares of our common stock either through purchases on the open market or through private transactions and in accordance with Rule 10b-18 of the Exchange Act. In 2015, our Board of Directors approved and we announced an increase in the share repurchase program, providing for the repurchase of up to $40 million, or approximately two million shares, of our common stock, which was increased by our Board of Directors to 3.3 million shares in August 2017 to reflect the five-for-three stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend on July 7, 2017. The timing and extent to which we repurchase shares depends on market conditions and other corporate considerations. The repurchase program does not have an expiration date.

 

We repurchased and retired 200,000 shares of common stock for $3.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2018. We did not repurchase any shares in 2017. We repurchased and retired 759,302 shares of our common stock for $7.5 million in the first quarter of 2016. As of December 31, 2018, future repurchases of up to $12.6 million, or 806,000 shares, were available in the share repurchase program.

 

         In 2018, net cash flows provided by operating activities of $150.6 million were primarily used to purchase new revenue equipment, net of proceeds from dispositions, in the amount of $93.9 million, to acquire and upgrade regional operating facilities in the amount of $5.9 million, to pay cash dividends of $5.5 million, and to repurchase and retire 200,000 shares of our common stock for $3.8 million, resulting in a $41.0 million increase in cash and cash equivalents. In 2017, net cash flows provided by operating activities of $121.9 million were primarily used to purchase new revenue equipment, net of proceeds from dispositions, in the amount of $87.6 million, to repay, net of borrowings, $7.9 million of long-term debt, to partially construct regional operating facilities in the amount of $5.8 million, and to pay cash dividends of $4.4 million, resulting in a $15.3 million increase in cash and cash equivalents. In 2016, net cash flows provided by operating activities of $133.8 million were primarily used to purchase new revenue equipment, net of proceeds from dispositions, in the amount of $89.9 million, to partially construct regional operating facilities in the amount of $5.1 million, to repay, net of borrowings, $30.0 million of long-term debt, to repurchase and retire 759,302 shares of our common stock for $7.5 million, and to pay cash dividends of $3.3 million. Beginning in 2018, our net cash flows are increased by the new tax laws established by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, which reduced the federal corporate statutory income tax rate and established bonus depreciation that allows for full expensing of qualified assets.

 

We estimate that capital expenditures, net of proceeds from dispositions, will be approximately $125 million in 2019. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.025 per share of common stock were declared in each quarter of 2018 and totaled $5.5 million. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.015 per share of common stock were declared in each of the first two quarters of 2017 along with dividends of $0.025 per share in each of 2017’s last two quarters, which totaled $4.4 million. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.015 per share of common stock were declared in each quarter of 2016 and totaled $3.3 million. We currently expect to continue to pay quarterly cash dividends in the future. The payment of cash dividends in the future, and the amount of any such dividends, will depend upon our financial condition, results of operations, cash requirements, and certain corporate law requirements, as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors. We believe our sources of liquidity are adequate to meet our current and anticipated needs for at least the next twelve months. Based upon anticipated cash flows, existing cash and cash equivalents balances, current borrowing availability and other sources of financing we expect to be available to us, we do not anticipate any significant liquidity constraints in the foreseeable future.

 

26

 

 

In August 2018, we entered into an amendment to our unsecured committed credit facility which reduces the aggregate principal amount of the facility from $40.0 million to $30.0 million and extends the term of the facility to August 2023. At December 31, 2018, there was no outstanding principal balance on the facility. As of that date, we had outstanding standby letters of credit to guarantee settlement of self-insurance claims of $14.6 million and remaining borrowing availability of $15.4 million. This facility bears interest at a variable rate based on the London Interbank Offered Rate or the lender’s Prime Rate, in each case plus/minus applicable margins.

 

Our credit facility prohibits us from paying, in any fiscal year, stock redemptions and dividends in excess of 25% of our net income from the prior fiscal year. A waiver of the 25% limitation for 2016 was obtained from the lender. This facility also contains restrictive covenants which, among other matters, require us to maintain compliance with cash flow leverage and fixed charge coverage ratios. We were in compliance with all covenants at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

The following is a summary of our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2018.

 

   

Payments Due by Period

 

(In thousands)

 

2019

   

2020

And

2021

   

2022

And

2023

   

Thereafter

   

Total

 

Purchase obligations for revenue equipment

  $ 91,099     $     $     $     $ 91,099  

Operating lease obligations

    318       314       40             672  

Total

  $ 91,417     $ 314     $ 40     $     $ 91,771  

 

Due to uncertainty with respect to the timing of future cash flows, the obligation under our nonqualified deferred compensation plan at December 31, 2018 of 241,348 shares of Company common stock with a value of $3.9 million has been excluded from the above table.

 

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Other than standby letters of credit maintained in connection with our self-insurance programs in the amount of $14.6 million along with purchase obligations and operating leases summarized above in our summary of contractual obligations, we did not have any other material off-balance sheet arrangements at December 31, 2018.

 

Inflation and Fuel Costs

 

Most of our operating expenses are inflation-sensitive, with inflation generally producing increased costs of operations. During the past three years, the most significant effects of inflation have been on revenue equipment prices, accident claims, health insurance and employee compensation. We attempt to limit the effects of inflation through increases in freight rates and cost control efforts.

 

In addition to inflation, fluctuations in fuel prices can affect our profitability. We require substantial amounts of fuel to operate our tractors and power the temperature-control units on our trailers. Substantially all of our contracts with customers contain fuel surcharge provisions. Although we historically have been able to pass through a significant portion of long-term increases in fuel prices and related taxes to customers in the form of fuel surcharges and higher rates, such increases usually are not fully recovered. These fuel surcharge provisions are not effective in mitigating the fuel price increases related to non-revenue miles or fuel used while the tractor is idling.

 

Seasonality

 

Our tractor productivity generally decreases during the winter season because inclement weather impedes operations and some shippers reduce their shipments. At the same time, operating expenses generally increase, with harsh weather creating higher accident frequency, increased claims, lower fuel efficiency and more equipment repairs.

 

27

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events, and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses in our consolidated financial statements and related notes. We base our estimates, assumptions and judgments on historical experience, current trends and other factors believed to be relevant at the time our consolidated financial statements are prepared. However, because future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results could differ from our estimates and assumptions, and such differences could be material. We believe that the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant estimates, assumptions and judgments used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue Recognition. We account for our revenue in accordance with FASB ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which we adopted on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. The new revenue standard requires us to recognize revenue and related expenses within each of our four reporting segments over time, compared with our former policy in which we recorded revenue and related expenses on the date shipment of freight was completed.

 

We account for revenue of our Intermodal and Brokerage segments and revenue on freight transported by independent contractors within our Truckload and Dedicated segments on a gross basis because we are the principal service provider controlling the promised service before it is transferred to each customer. We are primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide each specified service to each customer. We bear the primary risk of loss in the event of cargo claims by our customers. We also have complete control and discretion in establishing the price for each specified service. Accordingly, all such revenue billed to customers is classified as operating revenue and all corresponding payments to carriers for transportation services we arrange in connection with brokerage and intermodal activities and to independent contractor providers of revenue equipment are classified as purchased transportation expense within our consolidated statements of operations.

 

Accounts Receivable. We are dependent upon a limited number of customers, and, as a result, our trade accounts receivable are highly concentrated. Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amounts, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was $348,000 as of December 31, 2018 and $300,000 as of December 31, 2017. A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the realization of these receivables including the current creditworthiness of each customer and related aging of the past-due balances, including any billing disputes. In order to assess the collectibility of these receivables, we perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers’ financial condition. Through these evaluations, we may become aware of a situation where a customer may not be able to meet its financial obligations due to deterioration of its financial viability, credit ratings or bankruptcy. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the best information available to us and is reevaluated and adjusted as additional information is received. We evaluate the allowance based on historical write-off experience, the size of the individual customer balances, past-due amounts and the overall national economy. We review the adequacy of our allowance for doubtful accounts monthly.

 

Property and Equipment. The transportation industry requires significant capital investments. Our net property and equipment was $588.2 million as of December 31, 2018 and $571.9 million as of December 31, 2017. Our depreciation expense was $88.6 million in 2018, $85.1 million in 2017 and $82.4 million in 2016. We compute depreciation of our property and equipment for financial reporting purposes based on the cost of each asset, reduced by its estimated salvage value, using the straight-line method over its estimated useful life. We determine and periodically evaluate our estimate of the projected salvage values and useful lives primarily by considering the market for used equipment, prior useful lives and changes in technology. We have not changed our policy regarding salvage values as a percentage of initial cost or useful lives of tractors and trailers within the last ten years. We believe that our policies and past estimates have been reasonable. Actual results could differ from these estimates. A 5% decrease in estimated salvage values would have decreased our net property and equipment as of December 31, 2018 by approximately $11.9 million, or 2.0%.

 

Impairment of Assets. Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less the costs to sell.

 

28

 

 

Insurance and Claims. We self-insure, in part, for losses relating to workers’ compensation, auto liability, general liability, cargo and property damage claims, along with employees’ health insurance with varying risk retention levels. We maintain insurance coverage for per-incident and total losses in excess of these risk retention levels in amounts we consider adequate based upon historical experience and our ongoing review. However, we could suffer a series of losses within our self-insured retention limits or losses over our policy limits, which could negatively affect our financial condition and operating results. We are responsible for the first $1.0 million on each auto liability claim and for the first $750,000 on each workers’ compensation claim. We have $14.6 million in standby letters of credit to guarantee settlement of claims under agreements with our insurance carriers and regulatory authorities. The insurance and claims accruals in our consolidated balance sheets were $28.1 million as of December 31, 2018 and $26.2 million as of December 31, 2017. We reserve currently for the estimated cost of the uninsured portion of pending claims. We periodically evaluate and adjust these reserves based on our evaluation of the nature and severity of outstanding individual claims and our estimate of future claims development based on historical development. Actual results could differ from these current estimates. In addition, to the extent that claims are litigated and not settled, jury awards are difficult to predict.

 

Share-based Payment Arrangement Compensation. We have granted stock options to certain employees and non-employee directors. We recognize compensation expense for all stock options net of an estimated forfeiture rate and only record compensation expense for those shares expected to vest on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period (normally the vesting period). Determining the appropriate fair value model and calculating the fair value of stock options require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected life of the stock options and stock price volatility. We use the Black-Scholes model to value our stock option awards. We believe that future volatility will not materially differ from our historical volatility. Thus, we use the historical volatility of our common stock over the expected life of the award. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock options represent our best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of judgment. As a result, if factors change and we use different assumptions, stock option compensation expense could be materially different in the future.

 

We have also granted performance unit awards to certain employees which are subject to vesting requirements over a five-year period, primarily based on our earnings growth. The fair value of each performance unit is based on the closing market price on the date of grant. We recognize compensation expense for these awards based on the estimated number of units probable of achieving the performance and service vesting requirements of the awards, net of an estimated forfeiture rate.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 1 of “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements and the respective dates of adoption and effect on our results of operations and financial position.

 

ITEM 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are exposed to a variety of market risks, most importantly the effects of the price and availability of diesel fuel. We require substantial amounts of diesel fuel to operate our tractors and power the temperature-control units on our trailers. The price and availability of diesel fuel can vary, and are subject to political, economic and market factors that are beyond our control. Significant increases in diesel fuel costs could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. Based upon our fuel consumption in 2018, a 5% increase in the average cost of diesel fuel would have increased our fuel expense by $6.0 million.

 

We have historically been able to pass through a significant portion of long-term increases in diesel fuel prices and related taxes to customers in the form of fuel surcharges. Fuel surcharge programs are widely accepted among our customers, though they can vary somewhat from customer-to-customer. These fuel surcharges, which adjust weekly with the cost of fuel, enable us to recover a substantial portion of the higher cost of fuel as prices increase. These fuel surcharge provisions are not effective in mitigating the fuel price increases related to non-revenue miles or fuel used while the tractor is idling. In addition, we have worked diligently to control fuel usage and costs by improving our volume purchasing arrangements and optimizing our drivers’ fuel purchases with national fuel centers, focusing on shorter lengths of haul, installing and tightly managing the use of auxiliary power units in our tractors to minimize engine idling and improving fuel usage in our trailers’ refrigeration units.

 

While we do not currently have any outstanding hedging instruments to mitigate this market risk, we may enter into derivatives or other financial instruments to hedge a portion of our fuel costs in the future.

 

29

 

 

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining an adequate system of internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, for Marten Transport, Ltd. and subsidiaries (the “Company”). This system is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements and even when determined to be effective, can only provide reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projection of any evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting to future periods is subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree or compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Management, with the participation of the Company’s Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018. In making this evaluation, management used the criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this assessment, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2018. Further, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, Grant Thornton LLP, has issued a report on the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting on page 31 of this Report.

 

March 1, 2019

 

30

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Marten Transport, Ltd.

 

Opinion on internal control over financial reporting

 

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Marten Transport, Ltd. (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018, and our report dated March 1, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

 

Basis for opinion

 

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Definition and limitations of internal control over financial reporting

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

 

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

Minneapolis, Minnesota

March 1, 2019

 

31

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Marten Transport, Ltd.

 

Opinion on the financial statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Marten Transport, Ltd. (a Delaware corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes and financial statement schedule (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”), and our report dated March 1, 2019 expressed an unqualified opinion.

 

Basis for opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

 

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2014.

 

Minneapolis, Minnesota

March 1, 2019

 

32

 

 

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   

December 31,

 

(In thousands, except share information)

 

2018

   

2017

 

ASSETS

               

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 56,763     $ 15,791  

Receivables:

               

Trade, less allowances of $348 and $300, respectively

    83,033       74,886  

Other

    3,808       6,131  

Prepaid expenses and other

    19,924       19,810  

Total current assets

    163,528       116,618  

Property and equipment:

               

Revenue equipment

    679,667       652,974  

Buildings and land

    85,578       79,881  

Office equipment and other

    51,185       50,793  

Less accumulated depreciation

    (228,200

)

    (211,728

)

Net property and equipment

    588,230       571,920  

Other assets

    2,146       1,865  
    $ 753,904     $ 690,403  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

               

Current liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

  $ 15,704     $ 16,478  

Insurance and claims accruals

    28,103       26,177  

Accrued liabilities

    28,166       21,622  

Total current liabilities

    71,973       64,277  

Deferred income taxes

    105,977       100,626  

Total liabilities

    177,950       164,903  

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)

               

Stockholders’ equity:

               

Preferred stock, $.01 par value per share; 2,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

           

Common stock, $.01 par value per share; 192,000,000 shares authorized; 54,466,691 shares at December 31, 2018, and 54,533,455 shares at December 31, 2017, issued and outstanding

    545       545  

Additional paid-in capital

    76,814       76,413  

Retained earnings

    498,595       448,542  

Total stockholders’ equity

    575,954       525,500  
    $ 753,904     $ 690,403  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

33

 

 

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

   

For the years ended December 31,

 

(In thousands, except per share information)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

Operating revenue

  $ 787,594     $ 698,120     $ 671,144  

Operating expenses (income):

                       

Salaries, wages and benefits

    252,047       226,091       224,827  

Purchased transportation

    144,611       118,349       110,719  

Fuel and fuel taxes

    121,633       105,390       94,075  

Supplies and maintenance

    40,853       41,613       43,912  

Depreciation

    88,585       85,120       82,445  

Operating taxes and licenses

    9,473       8,993       9,099  

Insurance and claims

    38,657       38,585       32,223  

Communications and utilities

    6,634       6,047       6,287  

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment

    (7,244

)

    (5,499

)

    (10,502

)

Other

    21,997       16,569       19,756  
      717,246       641,258       612,841  

Operating income

    70,348       56,862       58,303  

Other

    (681

)

    389       1,237  

Income before income taxes

    71,029       56,473       57,066  

Income taxes expense (benefit)

    16,002       (33,811

)

    23,602  

Net income

  $ 55,027     $ 90,284     $ 33,464  

Basic earnings per common share

  $ 1.01     $ 1.66     $ 0.62  

Diluted earnings per common share

  $ 1.00     $ 1.65     $ 0.61  

Dividends declared per common share

  $ 0.10     $ 0.08     $ 0.06  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

34

 

 

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

 

   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

Retained

   

Total

Stockholders’

 

(In thousands)

 

Shares

   

Amount

   

Paid-In Capital

   

Earnings

   

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

    54,600     $ 546     $ 76,468     $ 332,407     $ 409,421  

Net income

                      33,464       33,464  

Repurchase and retirement of common stock

    (759

)

    (8

)

    (7,508

)

    3       (7,513

)

Issuance of common stock from share-based payment arrangement exercises and vesting of performance unit awards

    551       6       4,413       (3

)

    4,416  

Tax benefits from share-based payment arrangement exercises

                46             46  

Employee taxes paid in exchange for shares withheld

                (127

)

          (127

)

Share-based payment arrangement compensation expense

                883             883  

Dividends on common stock

                      (3,252

)

    (3,252

)

Balance at December 31, 2016

    54,392       544       74,175       362,619       437,338  

Net income

                      90,284       90,284  

Issuance of common stock from share-based payment arrangement exercises and vesting of performance unit awards

    141       1       1,089             1,090  

Employee taxes paid in exchange for shares withheld

                (47

)

          (47

)

Share-based payment arrangement compensation expense

                1,250             1,250  

Dividends on common stock

                      (4,361

)

    (4,361

)

Cash in lieu of fractional shares from stock split

                (54

)

          (54

)

Balance at December 31, 2017

    54,533       545       76,413       448,542       525,500  

Adoption of accounting standard (Note 2)

                      485       485  

Net income

                      55,027       55,027  

Repurchase and retirement of common stock

    (200

)

    (2

)

    (3,754

)

          (3,756

)

Issuance of common stock from share-based payment arrangement exercises and vesting of performance unit awards

    134       2       936             938  

Employee taxes paid in exchange for shares withheld

                (104

)

          (104

)

Share-based payment arrangement compensation expense

                3,323             3,323  

Dividends on common stock

                      (5,459

)

    (5,459

)

Balance at December 31, 2018

    54,467     $ 545     $ 76,814     $ 498,595     $ 575,954  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

35

 

 

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

   

For the years ended December 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2018

   

2017

   

2016

 

CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

                       

Operations:

                       

Net income

  $ 55,027     $ 90,284     $ 33,464  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

                       

Depreciation

    88,585       85,120       82,445  

Gain on disposition of revenue equipment

    (7,244

)

    (5,499

)

    (10,502

)

Deferred income taxes

    5,351       (47,228

)

    13,490  

Share-based payment arrangement compensation expense

    3,323       1,250       883  

Distribution from affiliate

    227       400       -  

Equity in (earnings) loss from affiliate

    (493

)

    271       1,018  

Adoption of accounting standard (Note 2)

    485       -       -  

Tax benefits from share-based payment arrangement exercises

    -       -       46  

Changes in other current operating items:

                       

Receivables

    (8,131

)

    (5,974

)

    8,518  

Prepaid expenses and other

    (114

)

    (503

)

    (1,173

)

Accounts payable

    1,800       11       594  

Insurance and claims accruals

    1,926       6,737       3,205  

Accrued liabilities

    9,881       (2,990

)

    1,813  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    150,623       121,879       133,801  

CASH FLOWS USED FOR INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

                       

Revenue equipment additions

    (161,160

)

    (148,856

)

    (154,984

)

Proceeds from revenue equipment dispositions

    67,262       61,227       65,082  

Buildings and land, office equipment and other additions

    (7,362

)

    (7,693

)

    (7,369

)

Proceeds from buildings and land, office equipment and other dispositions

    5       47       23  

Other

    (15

)

    (43

)

    (42

)

Net cash used for investing activities

    (101,270

)

    (95,318

)

    (97,290

)

CASH FLOWS USED FOR FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

                       

Borrowings under credit facility and long-term debt

    -       40,831       179,687  

Repayment of borrowings under credit facility and long-term debt

    -       (48,717

)

    (209,668

)

Dividends on common stock

    (5,459

)

    (4,361

)

    (3,252

)

Repurchase and retirement of common stock

    (3,756

)

    -       (7,513

)

Issuance of common stock from share-based payment arrangement exercises

    938       1,090       4,416  

Employee taxes paid in exchange for shares withheld

    (104

)

    (47

)

    (127

)

Cash in lieu of fractional shares from stock split

    -       (54

)

    -  

Net cash used for financing activities

    (8,381

)

    (11,258

)

    (36,457

)

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    40,972       15,303       54  

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

                       

Beginning of year

    15,791       488       434  

End of year

  $ 56,763     $ 15,791     $ 488  

SUPPLEMENTAL NON-CASH DISCLOSURE:

                       

Change in property and equipment not yet paid

  $ (3,604

)

  $ (1,559

)

  $ 4,511  

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:

                       

Cash paid for:

                       

Income taxes

  $ 9,526     $ 14,355     $ 31  

Interest

  $ 50     $ 151     $ 214  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

36

 

 

MARTEN TRANSPORT, LTD.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Nature of business: Marten Transport, Ltd. is a multifaceted business offering a network of truck-based transportation capabilities across our five distinct business platforms – Truckload, Dedicated, Intermodal, Brokerage and MRTN de Mexico. We are one of the leading temperature-sensitive truckload carriers in the United States, specializing in transporting and distributing food and other consumer packaged goods that require a temperature-controlled or insulated environment. Our dry freight services are expanding, with 1,600 dry vans operating as of December 31, 2018. We operate throughout the United States and into and out of Mexico and Canada.

 

Principles of consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements include Marten Transport, Ltd. and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Cash and cash equivalents: Cash in excess of current operating requirements is invested in short-term, highly liquid investments. We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. We maintain our cash and cash equivalents in bank accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. We have not experienced any losses in such accounts.

 

Trade accounts receivable: Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amounts, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the realization of these receivables including the current creditworthiness of each customer and related aging of the past-due balances, including any billing disputes. In order to assess the collectibility of these receivables, we perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers’ financial condition. Through these evaluations, we may become aware of a situation where a customer may not be able to meet its financial obligations due to deterioration of its financial viability, credit ratings or bankruptcy. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the best information available to us and is reevaluated and adjusted as additional information is received. We evaluate the allowance based on historical write-off experience, the size of the individual customer balances, past-due amounts and the overall national economy. We review the adequacy of our allowance for doubtful accounts monthly. Invoice balances over 30 days after the contractual due date are considered past due per our policy and are reviewed individually for collectibility. Initial payments by new customers are monitored for compliance with contractual terms. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential recovery is considered remote.

 

Property and equipment: Additions and improvements to property and equipment are capitalized at cost. Maintenance and repair expenditures are charged to operations. Gains and losses on disposals of revenue equipment are included in operations as they are a normal, recurring component of our operations.

 

Depreciation is computed based on the cost of the asset, reduced by its estimated salvage value, using the straight-line method for financial reporting purposes. We begin depreciating assets in the month that each asset is placed in service and, therefore, is ready for its intended use, and depreciate each asset until it is taken out of service and available for sale. Accelerated methods are used for income tax reporting purposes. Following is a summary of estimated useful lives for financial reporting purposes:

 

   

Years

 

Tractors

    5    

Trailers

    7    

Service and other equipment

   3 - 15  

Buildings and improvements

   20 - 40  

 

In 2018, we replaced our company-owned tractors within an average of 3.7 years and our trailers within an average of 5.5 years after purchase. Our useful lives for depreciating tractors is five years and for trailers is seven years, with a 25% salvage value for tractors and a 35% salvage value for trailers. These salvage values are based upon the expected market values of the equipment after five years for tractors and seven years for trailers. Depreciation expense calculated in this manner approximates the continuing declining value of the revenue equipment, and continues at a consistent straight-line rate for units held beyond the normal replacement cycle.

 

37

 

 

Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less the costs to sell.

 

Tires in service: The cost of original equipment and replacement tires placed in service is capitalized. Amortization is calculated based on cost, less estimated salvage value, using the straight-line method over 24 months. Tire amortization, which is included within supplies and maintenance in our consolidated statements of operations, was $7.0 million in 2018, $7.1 million in 2017 and $6.9 million in 2016. The current portion of capitalized tires in service is included in prepaid expenses and other in the accompany