0001564590-20-038352.txt : 20200807 0001564590-20-038352.hdr.sgml : 20200807 20200807155441 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001564590-20-038352 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 72 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20200630 FILED AS OF DATE: 20200807 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20200807 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: VIASAT INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000797721 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: RADIO & TV BROADCASTING & COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT [3663] IRS NUMBER: 330174996 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 0331 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 000-21767 FILM NUMBER: 201085194 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 6155 EL CAMINO REAL CITY: CARLSBAD STATE: CA ZIP: 92009 BUSINESS PHONE: 760-476-2200 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 6155 EL CAMINO REAL CITY: CARLSBAD STATE: CA ZIP: 92009 10-Q 1 vsat-10q_20200630.htm 10-Q vsat-10q_20200630.htm
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020.

OR

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from              to             .

Commission File Number (000-21767)

 

VIASAT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

33-0174996

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

6155 El Camino Real

Carlsbad, California 92009

(760) 476-2200

(Address of principal executive offices and telephone number)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

(Title of Each Class)

 

(Trading Symbol)

 

(Name of Each Exchange on which Registered)

Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share

 

VSAT

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, $0.0001 par value, as of July 24, 2020 was 67,501,560.

 

 


VIASAT, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

2


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

As of

June 30, 2020

 

 

As of

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

232,418

 

 

$

304,309

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

270,436

 

 

 

330,698

 

Inventories

 

 

312,686

 

 

 

294,416

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

105,985

 

 

 

116,281

 

Total current assets

 

 

921,525

 

 

 

1,045,704

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, equipment and satellites, net

 

 

2,715,822

 

 

 

2,586,735

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

304,975

 

 

 

308,441

 

Other acquired intangible assets, net

 

 

13,041

 

 

 

14,439

 

Goodwill

 

 

121,285

 

 

 

121,197

 

Other assets

 

 

827,726

 

 

 

807,352

 

Total assets

 

$

4,904,374

 

 

$

4,883,868

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

175,955

 

 

$

183,601

 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

 

359,762

 

 

 

391,190

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

29,470

 

 

 

29,788

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

565,187

 

 

 

604,579

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior notes

 

 

1,680,902

 

 

 

1,285,497

 

Other long-term debt

 

 

134,636

 

 

 

536,166

 

Non-current operating lease liabilities

 

 

281,937

 

 

 

286,550

 

Other liabilities

 

 

142,529

 

 

 

120,934

 

Total liabilities

 

 

2,805,191

 

 

 

2,833,726

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viasat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

6

 

 

 

6

 

Paid-in capital

 

 

1,846,827

 

 

 

1,788,456

 

Retained earnings

 

 

232,984

 

 

 

245,373

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(6,851

)

 

 

(6,048

)

Total Viasat, Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

 

2,072,966

 

 

 

2,027,787

 

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

 

 

26,217

 

 

 

22,355

 

Total equity

 

 

2,099,183

 

 

 

2,050,142

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

4,904,374

 

 

$

4,883,868

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

 

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenues

 

$

250,634

 

 

$

263,615

 

Service revenues

 

 

279,854

 

 

 

273,422

 

Total revenues

 

 

530,488

 

 

 

537,037

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenues

 

 

187,892

 

 

 

196,940

 

Cost of service revenues

 

 

197,677

 

 

 

187,519

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

121,039

 

 

 

125,132

 

Independent research and development

 

 

27,636

 

 

 

33,474

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

 

1,558

 

 

 

2,037

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(5,314

)

 

 

(8,065

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

232

 

 

 

925

 

Interest expense

 

 

(9,524

)

 

 

(11,174

)

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(14,606

)

 

 

(18,314

)

Benefit from income taxes

 

 

5,748

 

 

 

7,210

 

Equity in income of unconsolidated affiliate, net

 

 

331

 

 

 

1,367

 

Net loss

 

 

(8,527

)

 

 

(9,737

)

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling

   interest, net of tax

 

 

3,862

 

 

 

1,731

 

Net loss attributable to Viasat, Inc.

 

$

(12,389

)

 

$

(11,468

)

Basic net loss per share attributable to

   Viasat, Inc. common stockholders

 

$

(0.20

)

 

$

(0.19

)

Diluted net loss per share attributable to

   Viasat, Inc. common stockholders

 

$

(0.20

)

 

$

(0.19

)

Shares used in computing basic net loss

   per share

 

 

62,511

 

 

 

60,917

 

Shares used in computing diluted net loss

   per share

 

 

62,511

 

 

 

60,917

 

Comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,527

)

 

$

(9,737

)

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on hedging, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

45

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net

   of tax

 

 

(803

)

 

 

(2,284

)

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

(803

)

 

 

(2,239

)

Comprehensive loss

 

 

(9,330

)

 

 

(11,976

)

Less: comprehensive income attributable to

   noncontrolling interest, net of tax

 

 

3,862

 

 

 

1,731

 

Comprehensive loss attributable to Viasat,

   Inc.

 

$

(13,192

)

 

$

(13,707

)

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30, 2020

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,527

)

 

$

(9,737

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by

   operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

77,760

 

 

 

68,802

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

14,842

 

 

 

15,210

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

20,942

 

 

 

21,227

 

Loss on disposition of fixed assets

 

 

6,689

 

 

 

13,134

 

Other non-cash adjustments

 

 

(4,428

)

 

 

(5,367

)

Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in operating

   assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

55,440

 

 

 

(5,472

)

Inventories

 

 

(18,118

)

 

 

(29,252

)

Other assets

 

 

17,946

 

 

 

(13,595

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(10,037

)

 

 

(3,869

)

Accrued liabilities

 

 

(4,903

)

 

 

(8,000

)

Other liabilities

 

 

9,301

 

 

 

3,383

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

156,907

 

 

 

46,464

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property, equipment and satellites

 

 

(208,722

)

 

 

(166,115

)

Cash paid for patents, licenses and other assets

 

 

(20,540

)

 

 

(21,936

)

Proceeds from insurance claims on ViaSat-2 satellite

 

 

 

 

 

2,277

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(229,262

)

 

 

(185,774

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from debt borrowings

 

 

400,000

 

 

 

 

Payments of debt borrowings

 

 

(402,697

)

 

 

(11,821

)

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

 

(3,790

)

 

 

(2,479

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under equity plans

 

 

9,206

 

 

 

24,377

 

Purchase of common stock in treasury (immediately retired) related

   to tax withholdings for stock-based compensation

 

 

(401

)

 

 

(2,328

)

Other financing activities

 

 

(2,178

)

 

 

(255

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

140

 

 

 

7,494

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

324

 

 

 

(2

)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(71,891

)

 

 

(131,818

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

304,309

 

 

 

261,701

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

232,418

 

 

$

129,883

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5


 

VIASAT, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Viasat, Inc. Stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of

Shares

Issued

 

 

Amount

 

 

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Noncontrolling

Interest in

Subsidiary

 

 

Total

 

 

 

(In thousands, except share data)

 

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

62,147,140

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

1,788,456

 

 

$

245,373

 

 

$

(6,048

)

 

$

22,355

 

 

$

2,050,142

 

Issuance of stock under Employee Stock Purchase

   Plan

 

 

282,269

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,206

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,206

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,160

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,160

 

Shares issued in settlement of certain accrued

   employee compensation liabilities

 

 

580,846

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,406

 

RSU awards vesting, net of shares withheld for taxes

   which have been retired

 

 

15,746

 

 

 

 

 

 

(401

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(401

)

Net (loss) income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,389

)

 

 

 

 

 

3,862

 

 

 

(8,527

)

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(803

)

 

 

 

 

 

(803

)

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

 

63,026,001

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

1,846,827

 

 

$

232,984

 

 

$

(6,851

)

 

$

26,217

 

 

$

2,099,183

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

60,550,093

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

1,656,819

 

 

$

245,585

 

 

$

5,338

 

 

$

8,330

 

 

$

1,916,078

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

259,125

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,071

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,071

 

Issuance of stock under Employee Stock Purchase

   Plan

 

 

165,770

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,306

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,306

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24,312

 

Shares issued in settlement of certain accrued

   employee compensation liabilities

 

 

255,615

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,829

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,829

 

RSU awards vesting, net of shares withheld for taxes

   which have been retired

 

 

46,330

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,328

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,328

)

Net (loss) income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11,468

)

 

 

 

 

 

1,731

 

 

 

(9,737

)

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,239

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,239

)

Balance at June 30, 2019

 

 

61,276,933

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

1,726,009

 

 

$

234,117

 

 

$

3,099

 

 

$

10,061

 

 

$

1,973,292

 

 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

6


 

VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2020, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 and the condensed consolidated statements of equity for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 have been prepared by the management of Viasat, Inc. (also referred to hereafter as the Company or Viasat), and have not been audited. These financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s results for the periods presented. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K. Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the full year. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of Viasat, its wholly owned subsidiaries and its majority-owned subsidiary, TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. (TrellisWare). All significant intercompany amounts have been eliminated. Investments in entities in which the Company can exercise significant influence, but does not own a majority equity interest or otherwise control, are accounted for using the equity method and are included as investment in unconsolidated affiliate in other assets (long-term) on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best available information and actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, allowance for doubtful accounts, valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets, patents, orbital slots and other licenses, software development, property, equipment and satellites, long-lived assets, contingencies and income taxes including the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets.

Revenue recognition

The Company applies the five-step model under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606 to its contracts with its customers. Under this model the Company (1) identifies the contract with the customer, (2) identifies its performance obligations in the contract, (3) determines the transaction price for the contract, (4) allocates the transaction price to its performance obligations and (5) recognizes revenue when or as it satisfies its performance obligations. These performance obligations generally include the purchase of services (including broadband capacity and the leasing of broadband equipment), the purchase of products, and the development and delivery of complex equipment built to customer specifications under long-term contracts.

 

7


VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Performance obligations

 

The timing of satisfaction of performance obligations may require judgment. The Company derives a substantial portion of its revenues from contracts with customers for services, primarily consisting of connectivity services. These contracts typically require advance or recurring monthly payments by the customer. The Company’s obligation to provide connectivity services is satisfied over time as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided. The measure of progress over time is based upon either a period of time (e.g., over the estimated contractual term) or usage (e.g., bandwidth used/bytes of data processed). The Company evaluates whether broadband equipment provided to its customers as part of the delivery of connectivity services represents a lease in accordance with ASC 842. As discussed further below under “Leases - Lessor accounting”, for broadband equipment leased to consumer broadband customers in conjunction with the delivery of connectivity services, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components of connectivity service arrangements as a single performance obligation as the connectivity services represent the predominant component.

The Company also derives a portion of its revenues from contracts with customers to provide products. Performance obligations to provide products are satisfied at the point in time when control is transferred to the customer. These contracts typically require payment by the customer upon passage of control and determining the point at which control is transferred may require judgment. To identify the point at which control is transferred to the customer, the Company considers indicators that include, but are not limited to, whether (1) the Company has the present right to payment for the asset, (2) the customer has legal title to the asset, (3) physical possession of the asset has been transferred to the customer, (4) the customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the asset, and (5) the customer has accepted the asset. For product revenues, control generally passes to the customer upon delivery of goods to the customer.

The vast majority of the Company’s revenues from long-term contracts to develop and deliver complex equipment built to customer specifications are derived from contracts with the U.S. government (including foreign military sales contracted through the U.S. government). The Company’s contracts with the U.S. government typically are subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and are priced based on estimated or actual costs of producing goods or providing services. The FAR provides guidance on the types of costs that are allowable in establishing prices for goods and services provided under U.S. government contracts. The pricing for non-U.S. government contracts is based on the specific negotiations with each customer. Under the typical payment terms of the Company’s U.S. government fixed-price contracts, the customer pays the Company either performance-based payments (PBPs) or progress payments. PBPs are interim payments based on quantifiable measures of performance or on the achievement of specified events or milestones. Progress payments are interim payments based on a percentage of the costs incurred as the work progresses. Because the customer can often retain a portion of the contract price until completion of the contract, the Company’s U.S. government fixed-price contracts generally result in revenue recognized in excess of billings which the Company presents as unbilled accounts receivable on the balance sheet. Amounts billed and due from the Company’s customers are classified as receivables on the balance sheet. The portion of the payments retained by the customer until final contract settlement is not considered a significant financing component because the intent is to protect the customer. For the Company’s U.S. government cost-type contracts, the customer generally pays the Company for its actual costs incurred within a short period of time. For non-U.S. government contracts, the Company typically receives interim payments as work progresses, although for some contracts, the Company may be entitled to receive an advance payment. The Company recognizes a liability for these advance payments in excess of revenue recognized and presents it as collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues on the balance sheet. An advance payment is not typically considered a significant financing component because it is used to meet working capital demands that can be higher in the early stages of a contract and to protect the Company from the other party failing to adequately complete some or all of its obligations under the contract.

 

8


VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Performance obligations related to developing and delivering complex equipment built to customer specifications under long-term contracts are recognized over time as these performance obligations do not create assets with an alternative use to the Company and the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance to date. To measure the transfer of control, revenue is recognized based on the extent of progress towards completion of the performance obligation. The selection of the method to measure progress towards completion requires judgment and is based on the nature of the products or services to be provided. The Company generally uses the cost-to-cost measure of progress for its contracts because that best depicts the transfer of control to the customer which occurs as the Company incurs costs on its contracts. Under the cost-to-cost measure of progress, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. Estimating the total costs at completion of a performance obligation requires management to make estimates related to items such as subcontractor performance, material costs and availability, labor costs and productivity and the costs of overhead. When estimates of total costs to be incurred on a contract exceed total estimates of revenue to be earned, a provision for the entire loss on the contract is recognized in the period the loss is determined.

 

Contract costs on U.S. government contracts are subject to audit and review by the Defense Contracting Management Agency (DCMA), the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), and other U.S. government agencies, as well as negotiations with U.S. government representatives. The Company’s incurred cost audits by the DCAA have not been concluded for fiscal years 2019 or 2020. As of June 30, 2020, the DCAA had completed its incurred cost audit for fiscal years 2004 and 2016 and approved the Company’s incurred costs for those fiscal years, as well as approved the Company’s incurred costs for fiscal years 2005 through 2015, 2017 and 2018 without further audit based on the determination of low risk. Although the Company has recorded contract revenues subsequent to fiscal year 2018 based upon an estimate of costs that the Company believes will be approved upon final audit or review, the Company does not know the outcome of any ongoing or future audits or reviews and adjustments, and if future adjustments exceed the Company’s estimates, its profitability would be adversely affected. As of June 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020, the Company had $7.8 million in contract-related reserves for its estimate of potential refunds to customers for potential cost adjustments on several multi-year U.S. government cost reimbursable contracts (see Note 9 — Commitments and Contingencies for more information).

 

Evaluation of transaction price

 

The evaluation of transaction price, including the amounts allocated to performance obligations, may require significant judgments. Due to the nature of the work required to be performed on many of the Company’s performance obligations, the estimation of total revenue, and, where applicable, the cost at completion, is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. The Company’s contracts may contain award fees, incentive fees, or other provisions, including the potential for significant financing components, that can either increase or decrease the transaction price. These amounts, which are sometimes variable, can be dictated by performance metrics, program milestones or cost targets, the timing of payments, and customer discretion. The Company estimates variable consideration at the amount to which it expects to be entitled. The Company includes estimated amounts in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. The Company’s estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to the Company. In the event an agreement includes embedded financing components, the Company recognizes interest expense or interest income on the embedded financing components using the effective interest method. This methodology uses an implied interest rate which reflects the incremental borrowing rate which would be expected to be obtained in a separate financing transaction. The Company has elected the practical expedient not to adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component if the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.

 

If a contract is separated into more than one performance obligation, the total transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation in an amount based on the estimated relative standalone selling prices of the promised goods or services underlying each performance obligation. Estimating standalone selling prices may require judgment. When available, the Company utilizes the observable price of a good or service when the Company sells that good or service separately in similar circumstances and to similar customers. If a standalone selling price is not directly observable, the Company estimates the standalone selling price by considering all information (including market conditions, specific factors, and information about the customer or class of customer) that is reasonably available.

 

9


VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations

 

The Company’s remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price of firm contracts and orders for which work has not been performed. The Company includes in its remaining performance obligations only those contracts and orders for which it has accepted purchase orders. Remaining performance obligations associated with the Company’s subscribers for fixed consumer and business broadband services in its satellite services segment exclude month-to-month service contracts in accordance with a practical expedient and are estimated using a portfolio approach in which the Company reviews all relevant promotional activities and calculates the remaining performance obligation using the average service component for the portfolio and the average time remaining under the contract. The Company’s future recurring in-flight connectivity (IFC) service contracts in its satellite services segment do not have minimum service purchase requirements and therefore are not included in the Company’s remaining performance obligations. As of June 30, 2020, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $2.1 billion, of which the Company expects to recognize a little over half over the next twelve months, with the balance recognized thereafter.

 

Disaggregation of revenue

 

The Company operates and manages its business in three reportable segments: satellite services, commercial networks and government systems. Revenue is disaggregated by products and services, customer type, contract type, and geographic area, respectively, as the Company believes this approach best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of its revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.

 

The following sets forth disaggregated reported revenue by segment and product and services for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020

 

 

 

Satellite

Services

 

 

Commercial

Networks

 

 

Government

Systems

 

 

Total

Revenues

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Product revenues

 

$

 

 

$

55,119

 

 

$

195,515

 

 

$

250,634

 

Service revenues

 

 

201,984

 

 

 

12,043

 

 

 

65,827

 

 

 

279,854

 

Total revenues

 

$

201,984

 

 

$

67,162

 

 

$

261,342

 

 

$

530,488

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

 

 

Satellite

Services

 

 

Commercial

Networks

 

 

Government

Systems

 

 

Total

Revenues

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Product revenues

 

$

 

 

$

64,901

 

 

$

198,714

 

 

$

263,615

 

Service revenues

 

 

196,815

 

 

 

14,111

 

 

 

62,496

 

 

 

273,422

 

Total revenues

 

$

196,815

 

 

$

79,012

 

 

$

261,210

 

 

$

537,037

 

 

Revenues from the U.S. government as an individual customer comprised approximately 31% and 30% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, mainly reported within the government systems segment. Revenues from the Company’s commercial customers, mainly reported within the commercial networks and satellite services segments, comprised approximately 69% and 70% of total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

The Company’s satellite services segment revenues are primarily derived from the Company’s fixed broadband services and in-flight services.

 

10


VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

Revenues in the Company’s commercial networks and government systems segments are primarily derived from three types of contracts: fixed-price, cost-reimbursement and time-and-materials contracts. Fixed-price contracts (which require the Company to provide products and services under a contract at a specified price) comprised approximately 85% and 87% of the Company’s total revenues for these segments for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The remainder of the Company’s revenues in these segments for such periods was derived primarily from cost-reimbursement contracts (under which the Company is reimbursed for all actual costs incurred in performing the contract to the extent such costs are within the contract ceiling and allowable under the terms of the contract, plus a fee or profit) and from time-and-materials contracts (under which the Company is reimbursed for the number of labor hours expended at an established hourly rate negotiated in the contract, plus the cost of materials utilized in providing such products or services).

 

Historically, a significant portion of the Company’s revenues in its commercial networks and government systems segments has been derived from customer contracts that include the development of products. The development efforts are conducted in direct response to the customer’s specific requirements and, accordingly, expenditures related to such efforts are included in cost of sales when incurred and the related funding (which includes a profit component) is included in revenues. Revenues for the Company’s funded development from its customer contracts were approximately 27% and 23% of its total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. 

 

Contract balances

 

Contract balances consist of contract assets and contract liabilities. A contract asset, or with respect to the Company, an unbilled accounts receivable, is recorded when revenue is recognized in advance of the Company’s right to bill and receive consideration, typically resulting from sales under long-term contracts. Unbilled accounts receivable are generally expected to be billed and collected within one year. The unbilled accounts receivable will decrease as provided services or delivered products are billed. The Company receives payments from customers based on a billing schedule established in the Company’s contracts.

 

When consideration is received in advance of the delivery of goods or services, a contract liability, or with respect to the Company, collections in excess of revenues or deferred revenues, is recorded. Reductions in the collections in excess of revenues or deferred revenues will be recorded as the Company satisfies the performance obligations.

 

The following table presents contract assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020:

 

 

 

As of

June 30, 2020

 

 

As of

March 31, 2020

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Unbilled accounts receivable

 

$

82,827

 

 

$

75,661

 

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues

 

 

128,079

 

 

 

123,019

 

Deferred revenues, long-term portion

 

 

91,260

 

 

 

80,802

 

 

Unbilled accounts receivable increased $7.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by revenue recognized in the Company’s government systems segment in excess of billings.

Collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues increased $5.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily driven by advances on goods or services received in excess of revenue recognized in the Company’s government systems and satellite services segments.

During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized revenue of $57.6 million that was previously included in the Company’s collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues at March 31, 2020. During the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized revenue of $52.6 million that was previously included in the Company’s collections in excess of revenues and deferred revenues at March 31, 2019.

Property, equipment and satellites

Satellites and other property and equipment, including internally developed software, are recorded at cost or, in the case of certain satellites and other property acquired, the fair value at the date of acquisition, net of accumulated depreciation. Capitalized satellite costs consist primarily of the costs of satellite construction and launch, including launch insurance and insurance during the period of in-orbit testing, the net present value of performance incentives expected to be payable to satellite manufacturers (dependent on the continued satisfactory performance of the satellites), costs directly associated with the monitoring and support of satellite construction, and interest costs incurred during the period of satellite construction. The Company also constructs earth stations, network operations systems and other assets to

11


VIASAT, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(UNAUDITED)

 

support its satellites, and those construction costs, including interest, are capitalized as incurred. At the time satellites are placed in service, the Company estimates the useful life of its satellites for depreciation purposes based upon an analysis of each satellite’s performance against the original manufacturer’s orbital design life, estimated fuel levels and related consumption rates, as well as historical satellite operating trends. The Company periodically reviews the remaining estimated useful life of its satellites to determine if revisions to estimated useful lives are necessary. Costs incurred for additions to property, equipment and satellites, together with major renewals and betterments, are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining life of the underlying asset. Costs incurred for maintenance, repairs and minor renewals and betterments are charged to expense as incurred. When assets are sold or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation or amortization are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in operations, which for the periods presented, primarily related to losses incurred for unreturned customer premise equipment (CPE). The Company computes depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets ranging from two to 17 years. Leasehold improvements are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the lease term or the life of the improvement.

Costs related to internally developed software for internal uses are capitalized after the preliminary project stage is complete and are amortized over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which are approximately three to seven years. Capitalized costs for internal-use software are included in property, equipment and satellites, net in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Interest expense is capitalized on the carrying value of assets under construction, in accordance with the authoritative guidance for the capitalization of interest (ASC 835-20). With respect to the ViaSat-3 class satellites, gateway and networking equipment and other assets under construction, the Company capitalized $15.9 million and $11.3 million of interest expense for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

The Company owns three satellites in service (ViaSat-2, ViaSat-1 and WildBlue-1) and has lifetime leases of Ka-band capacity on two satellites. The Company also has a global constellation of three third-generation ViaSat-3 class satellites under construction. In addition, the Company owns related earth stations and networking equipment for all of its satellites. The Company procures indoor and outdoor CPE units leased to subscribers under a retail leasing program as part of the Company’s satellite services segment, which are reflected in investing activities and property, equipment and satellites, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company depreciates the satellites, earth stations and networking equipment, CPE units and related installation costs over their estimated useful lives. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property, equipment and satellites, net, as of June 30, 2020 were $405.9 million and $172.8 million, respectively. The total cost and accumulated depreciation of CPE units included in property, equipment and satellites, net, as of March 31, 2020 were $399.3 million and $165.7 million, respectively.