10-Q 1 oxyform10q63016.htm 10-Q Document
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
OR
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ___________ to ___________
 
Commission file number 1-9210
_____________________
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
95-4035997
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
5 Greenway Plaza, Suite 110
Houston, Texas
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
77046
(Zip Code)
 
(713) 215-7000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
_____________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
þ Yes   o No
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    
þ Yes   o No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. (See definition of "accelerated filer", "large accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):
  
Large Accelerated Filer þ  Accelerated Filer o   Non-Accelerated Filer o  Smaller Reporting Company o
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    
o Yes   þ No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
Class
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
 
Common stock $.20 par value
 
763,926,260
 




OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


TABLE OF CONTENTS




 
 
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
Part I
Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Part II
Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.


1



PART I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 

Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited)

OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
JUNE 30, 2016 AND DECEMBER 31, 2015
(Amounts in millions)

 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
3,751

 
$
3,201

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash
 

 
1,193

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade receivables, net
 
3,113

 
2,970

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inventories
 
906

 
986

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets held for sale
 

 
141

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other current assets
 
1,202

 
911

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current assets
 
8,972


9,402

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
INVESTMENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment in unconsolidated entities
 
1,360

 
1,267

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Available for sale investment
 

 
167

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total investments
 
1,360


1,434

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, net of accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of $41,212 at June 30, 2016 and $39,419 at December 31, 2015
 
31,038

 
31,639

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LONG-TERM RECEIVABLES AND OTHER ASSETS, NET
 
1,025

 
934

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
42,395

 
$
43,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 


2



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
JUNE 30, 2016 AND DECEMBER 31, 2015
(Amounts in millions except share amounts)

 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt
 
$

 
$
1,450

 
Accounts payable
 
3,126

 
3,069

 
Accrued liabilities
 
2,141

 
2,213

 
Liabilities of assets held for sale
 

 
110

 
Total current liabilities
 
5,267

 
6,842

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LONG-TERM DEBT, NET
 
8,331

 
6,855

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DEFERRED CREDITS AND OTHER LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred domestic and foreign income taxes
 
1,646

 
1,323

 
Other
 
4,050

 
4,039

 
 
 
5,696

 
5,362

 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, at par value (891,807,415 shares at June 30, 2016 and 891,360,091 shares at December 31, 2015)
 
178

 
178

 
Treasury stock (127,881,155 shares at June 30, 2016 and 127,681,335 shares at December 31, 2015)
 
(9,136
)
 
(9,121
)
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
7,697

 
7,640

 
Retained earnings
 
24,661

 
25,960

 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(299
)
 
(307
)
 
Total stockholders’ equity
 
23,101


24,350

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
$
42,395

 
$
43,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

3



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2016 AND 2015
(Amounts in millions, except per-share amounts)

 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
REVENUES AND OTHER INCOME
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
2,531

 
$
3,469

 
$
4,654

 
$
6,558

Interest, dividends and other income
 
27

 
26

 
47

 
57

Gain (loss) on sale of assets, net
 

 
19

 
138

 
(5
)
 
 
2,558

 
3,514

 
4,839

 
6,610

COSTS AND OTHER DEDUCTIONS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 
1,244

 
1,480

 
2,525

 
3,037

Selling, general and administrative and other operating
expenses
 
338

 
347

 
610

 
658

Taxes other than on income
 
74

 
107

 
149

 
214

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
1,070

 
1,116

 
2,172

 
2,145

Asset impairments and related items
 

 

 
78

 
324

Exploration expense
 
27

 
10

 
36

 
18

Interest and debt expense, net
 
88

 
8

 
148

 
38

 
 
2,841

 
3,068

 
5,718

 
6,434

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) before income taxes and other items
 
(283
)
 
446

 
(879
)
 
176

Benefit (provision) for domestic and foreign income taxes
 
96

 
(324
)
 
299

 
(305
)
Income from equity investments
 
51

 
58

 
84

 
94

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
(136
)
 
180

 
(496
)
 
(35
)
Discontinued operations, net
 
(3
)
 
(4
)
 
435

 
(7
)
NET INCOME (LOSS)
 
$
(139
)
 
$
176

 
$
(61
)
 
$
(42
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BASIC EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(0.18
)

$
0.23

 
$
(0.65
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 
0.57

 
(0.01
)
BASIC EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.23

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.23

 
$
(0.65
)
 
$
(0.04
)
Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 
0.57

 
(0.01
)
DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.23

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE
 
$
0.75

 
$
0.75

 
$
1.50

 
$
1.47

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


4



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2016 AND 2015
(Amounts in millions)

 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(139
)
 
$
176

 
$
(61
)
 
$
(42
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation gains (losses)
 

 

 
1

 
(1
)
Unrealized gains (losses) on available for sale investment
 

 
(112
)
 

 
38

Unrealized losses on derivatives (a)
 
(3
)
 

 
(13
)
 

Pension and postretirement gains (b)
 
7

 
2

 
12

 
4

Reclassification to income of realized losses on derivatives(c)
 
1

 

 
8

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(d)
 
5


(110
)
 
8

 
41

Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(134
)
 
$
66

 
$
(53
)
 
$
(1
)

(a)
Net of tax of $1 and $7 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively.
(b)
Net of tax of $(4) and $(1) for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $(7) and $(2) for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.
(c)
Net of tax of zero and $(4) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively.
(d)
There were no other comprehensive income (loss) items related to noncontrolling interests in the three and six months ended 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2016 AND 2015
(Amounts in millions)
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Net Loss
 
$
(61
)
 
$
(42
)
 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by
operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Discontinued operations, net
 
(435
)
 
7

 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization of assets
 
2,172

 
2,145

 
Deferred income tax provision
 
76

 
139

 
Other noncash charges to income
 
37

 
145

 
Asset impairments
 
78

 
236

 
(Gain) loss on sale of assets, net
 
(138
)
 
5

 
Dry hole expenses
 
28

 
3

 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net
 
(511
)
 
(954
)
 
Other operating, net
 
(304
)
 
(307
)
 
Operating cash flow from continuing operations
 
942

 
1,377

 
Operating cash flow from discontinued operations
 
876

 
(11
)
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
1,818

 
1,366

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(1,247
)
 
(3,065
)
 
Change in capital accrual
 
(209
)
 
(585
)
 
Payments for purchases of assets and businesses
 
(34
)
 
(43
)
 
Sale of assets, net
 
260

 
58

 
Equity investments and other, net
 
(104
)
 
(254
)
 
Net cash used by investing activities
 
(1,334
)

(3,889
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Change in restricted cash
 
1,193

 
1,637

 
Proceeds from long-term debt, net
 
2,718

 
1,478

 
Payment of long-term debt, net
 
(2,710
)
 

 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
 
29

 
23

 
Purchases of treasury stock
 
(15
)
 
(536
)
 
Cash dividends paid
 
(1,149
)
 
(1,113
)
 
Other, net
 

 
1

 
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
66

 
1,490

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
550

 
(1,033
)
 
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
 
3,201

 
3,789

 
Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
 
$
3,751

 
$
2,756

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 



6



OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2016

1. General

In these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements, "Occidental" means Occidental Petroleum Corporation, a Delaware corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries). Occidental has made its disclosures in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) as they apply to interim reporting, and condensed or omitted, as permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and regulations, certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements and the notes. These unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in Occidental’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

In the opinion of Occidental’s management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly present Occidental’s consolidated financial position as of June 30, 2016, and the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, as applicable. The income and cash flows for the periods ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the income or cash flows to be expected for the full year.

2. Asset Acquisitions, Dispositions and Other

In the second quarter of 2016, Occidental received $330 million as final payment from the settlement with the Republic of Ecuador. In January 2016, Occidental reached an understanding on the terms of payment for the approximate $1.0 billion payable to Occidental by the Republic of Ecuador under a November 2015 International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes arbitration award. This award relates to Ecuador's 2006 expropriation of Occidental's Participation Contract for Block 15. Occidental recorded a pre-tax gain of $681 million in the first quarter of 2016. The results related to Ecuador were presented as discontinued operations.

In May and June 2016, respectively, Occidental utilized part of the proceeds from the April 2016 senior note offering (described below) to exercise the early redemption option on $1.25 billion of 1.75-percent senior notes due in the first quarter of 2017 and to retire all $750 million of 4.125-percent senior notes that matured in June 2016.

In April 2016, Occidental issued $2.75 billion of senior notes, comprised of $0.4 billion of 2.6-percent senior notes due 2022, $1.15 billion of 3.4-percent senior notes due 2026 and $1.2 billion of 4.4-percent senior notes due 2046. Occidental received net proceeds of approximately $2.72 billion. Interest on the senior notes will be payable semi-annually in arrears in April and October of each year for each series of senior notes, beginning on October 15, 2016. Occidental used a portion of the proceeds to retire debt in May and June 2016, and will use the remaining proceeds for general corporate purposes.

In March 2016, Occidental distributed its remaining shares of California Resources Corporation (California Resources) through a special stock dividend to stockholders of record as of February 29, 2016. Upon distribution, Occidental recorded a $78 million loss to reduce the investment to its fair market value, and Occidental no longer owns any shares of California Resources common stock.

In March 2016, Occidental completed the sale of its Piceance Basin operations in Colorado for $153 million resulting in a pre-tax gain of $121 million. The assets and liabilities related to these operations were presented as held for sale at December 31, 2015, and primarily included property, plant and equipment and current accrued liabilities and asset retirement obligations.

In February 2016, Occidental repaid $700 million of 2.5-percent senior notes that matured.

In January 2016, Occidental completed the sale of its Occidental Tower building in Dallas, Texas, for net proceeds of approximately $85 million. The building was classified as held for sale as of December 31, 2015.


7





3. Accounting and Disclosure Changes

In March, April, and May of 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") amended revenue recognition rules clarifying several aspects of the new revenue recognition standard, previously issued in May 2014. Occidental is currently evaluating the impact of these rules on its financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued rules affecting entities that issue share-based payment awards to their employees. These rules are designed to simplify several aspects of accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including: (1) accounting and cash flow classification for excess tax benefits and deficiencies, (2) forfeitures, and (3) tax withholding requirements and cash flow classification. The rules were adopted for the second quarter of 2016 and did not have a material impact on Occidental's financial statements upon adoption.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an update to eliminate the requirement to retrospectively adopt the equity method of accounting if an investment qualifies for use of the equity method as a result of an increase in the level of ownership or degree of influence. The update requires that the equity method investor add the cost of acquiring the additional interest and adopt the equity method of accounting as of the date the investment becomes qualified for equity method accounting. The rules become effective for the interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The rules do not have a material impact on Occidental's financial statements upon adoption.

In March 2016, the FASB issued rules clarifying that a change in one of the parties to a derivative contract that is part of a hedge accounting relationship does not, by itself, require dedesignation of that relationship, as long as all other hedge accounting criteria continue to be met. The rules become effective for the interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Occidental is currently evaluating the impact of these rules on its financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued rules in which lessees will recognize most leases, including operating leases, on-balance sheet. These new rules will significantly increase reported assets and liabilities. The rules become effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Occidental is currently evaluating the impact of these rules on its financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued rules simplifying the presentation of debt issuance costs. The new rules require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. Occidental adopted these rules retrospectively as of January 1, 2016. The rules do not have a material impact on Occidental's financial statements.

4. Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Occidental paid foreign, state and federal income taxes of $288 million and $638 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. During the second quarter of 2016, Occidental received federal income tax refunds of $302 million as a result of the carryback of net operating losses generated in 2015. Interest paid totaled $154 million and $108 million in each of the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

8



5. Inventories

A portion of inventories is valued under the LIFO method.  The valuation of LIFO inventory for interim periods is based on Occidental’s estimates of year-end inventory levels and costs. Inventories as of June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, consisted of the following (in millions):
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Raw materials
 
$
73

 
$
73

 
Materials and supplies
 
502

 
568

 
Finished goods
 
381

 
395

 
 
 
956

 
1,036

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revaluation to LIFO
 
(50
)
 
(50
)
 
Total
 
$
906

 
$
986

 

6. Environmental Liabilities and Expenditures

Occidental’s operations are subject to stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations related to improving or maintaining environmental quality.  

The laws that require or address environmental remediation, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and similar federal, state, local and foreign laws, may apply retroactively and regardless of fault, the legality of the original activities or the current ownership or control of sites.  OPC or certain of its subsidiaries participate in or actively monitor a range of remedial activities and government or private proceedings under these laws with respect to alleged past practices at operating, closed and third-party sites.  Remedial activities may include one or more of the following: investigation involving sampling, modeling, risk assessment or monitoring; cleanup measures including removal, treatment or disposal of hazardous substances; or operation and maintenance of remedial systems.  These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties, injunctive relief and government oversight costs.

As of June 30, 2016, Occidental participated in or monitored remedial activities or proceedings at 145 sites.  The following table presents Occidental’s environmental remediation reserves as of June 30, 2016, the current portion of which is included in accrued liabilities ($70 million) and the remainder in deferred credits and other liabilities — other ($309 million).  The reserves are grouped as environmental remediation sites listed or proposed for listing by the United States Environmental Protection Agency on the CERCLA National Priorities List (NPL sites) and three categories of non-NPL sites — third-party sites, Occidental-operated sites and closed or non-operated Occidental sites.
 
 
Number of Sites
 
Reserve Balance
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NPL sites
 
33

 
$
27

 
Third-party sites
 
65

 
128

 
Occidental-operated sites
 
17

 
102

 
Closed or non-operated Occidental sites
 
30

 
122

 
Total
 
145

 
$
379

 

As of June 30, 2016, Occidental’s environmental reserves exceeded $10 million each at 11 of the 145 sites described above, and 94 of the sites each had reserves of $1 million or less.  Based on current estimates, Occidental expects to expend funds corresponding to approximately half of the current environmental reserves at the sites described above over the next three to four years and the balance at these sites over the subsequent 10 or more years.  

Due to the uncertainties surrounding the Maxus-indemnified sites described further under Note 7, Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies, Occidental is currently unable to estimate an amount of reasonably possible losses

9



associated with these sites. For all other sites, Occidental believes its estimable range of reasonably possible additional losses beyond those liabilities recorded for environmental remediation at these sites could be up to $370 million.  For additional information regarding environmental matters, refer to Note 7.

7. Lawsuits, Claims, Commitments and Contingencies

OPC or certain of its subsidiaries are involved, in the normal course of business, in lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that seek, among other things, compensation for alleged personal injury, breach of contract, property damage or other losses, punitive damages, civil penalties, or injunctive or declaratory relief. OPC or certain of its subsidiaries also are involved in proceedings under CERCLA and similar federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws. These environmental proceedings seek funding or performance of remediation and, in some cases, compensation for alleged property damage, punitive damages, civil penalties and injunctive relief. Usually OPC or such subsidiaries are among many companies in these environmental proceedings and have to date been successful in sharing response costs with other financially sound companies. Further, some lawsuits, claims and legal proceedings involve acquired or disposed assets with respect to which a third party or Occidental retains liability or indemnifies the other party for conditions that existed prior to the transaction.
During 2014, a New Jersey state court approved Occidental's settlement with the State of New Jersey (the State) to resolve claims asserted by the State against Occidental arising from Occidental’s acquisition of Diamond Shamrock Chemicals Company (DSCC) in 1986. Pursuant to the settlement agreement (the State Settlement), Occidental paid the State $190 million in 2015. As part of the State Settlement, Occidental agreed, under certain circumstances, to perform or fund future work on behalf of the State along a portion of the Passaic River. The State Settlement does not cover any potential Occidental share of costs associated with the EPA’s proposed clean-up plan of the Passaic River as set out in its March 4, 2016 Record of Decision (ROD). During the second quarter of 2016, the EPA sent Occidental a draft Administrative Order on Consent to complete the design of the proposed clean-up plan outlined in the ROD. Negotiations with the EPA are ongoing.
When Occidental acquired DSCC, Maxus Energy Corporation (Maxus), currently a subsidiary of YPF S.A. (YPF), agreed to a broad indemnity for a number of environmental sites, including the Diamond Alkali Superfund Site, which is at issue in the State Settlement and the ROD. As a result, Occidental has been pursuing Maxus and its parent company, YPF, as the alter ego of Maxus, to recover the costs paid by Occidental under the State Settlement and other indemnified costs. Trial on Occidental’s claims against Maxus and YPF was scheduled to begin on June 21, 2016. On June 17, 2016, Maxus and several affiliated companies filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Federal District Court in the State of Delaware. Occidental is continuing to pursue claims against Maxus and YPF in the bankruptcy court and other appropriate forums. Prior to filing for bankruptcy, Maxus defended and indemnified Occidental in connection with federal clean-up and other costs associated with the Diamond Alkali Superfund Site and other sites.
Occidental accrues reserves for outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the liability can be reasonably estimated. Occidental has disclosed its reserve balances for environmental matters that satisfy this criteria. Reserve balances for other non-environmental matters that satisfy this criteria as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were not material to Occidental's consolidated balance sheets.
Occidental also evaluates the amount of reasonably possible losses that it could incur as a result of outstanding lawsuits, claims and proceedings and has disclosed its estimable range of reasonably possible additional losses for sites where it is a participant in environmental remediation. Occidental believes that other reasonably possible losses for non-environmental matters that it could incur in excess of reserves accrued on the balance sheet would not be material to its consolidated financial position or results of operations. Occidental's potential obligations for the Maxus-indemnified sites described above, including any potential share of costs associated with the ROD for the Passaic River, are not currently included in such estimates, as the amounts cannot be reasonably estimated at this time for several reasons, including, but not limited to, the existence of other potentially responsible parties, the presence of contaminants of concern that are not associated with DSCC or Occidental's operations, the inherent uncertainties in estimating clean-up costs and the Maxus bankruptcy filing.
During the course of its operations, Occidental is subject to audit by tax authorities for varying periods in various federal, state, local and foreign tax jurisdictions. Although taxable years through 2009 for United States federal income tax purposes have been audited by the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) pursuant to its Compliance Assurance Program, subsequent taxable years are currently under review. Additionally, in December 2012, Occidental

10



filed United States federal refund claims for tax years 2008 and 2009 that are subject to IRS review. Taxable years from 2002 through the current year remain subject to examination by foreign and state government tax authorities in certain jurisdictions. In certain of these jurisdictions, tax authorities are in various stages of auditing Occidental’s income taxes. During the course of tax audits, disputes have arisen and other disputes may arise as to facts and matters of law. Occidental believes that the resolution of outstanding tax matters would not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
OPC, its subsidiaries, or both, have indemnified various parties against specified liabilities those parties might incur in the future in connection with purchases and other transactions that they have entered into with Occidental.  These indemnities usually are contingent upon the other party incurring liabilities that reach specified thresholds.  As of June 30, 2016, Occidental is not aware of circumstances that it believes would reasonably be expected to lead to indemnity claims that would result in payments materially in excess of reserves.

8. Retirement and Post-retirement Benefit Plans

The following tables set forth the components of the net periodic benefit costs for Occidental’s defined benefit pension and post-retirement benefit plans for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in millions):
Three months ended June 30
 
2016
 
2015
Net Periodic Benefit Costs
 
Pension Benefit
 
Post-retirement Benefit
 
Pension Benefit
 
Post-retirement Benefit
Service cost
 
$
2

 
$
5

 
$
2

 
$
7

Interest cost
 
4

 
10

 
5

 
10

Expected return on plan assets
 
(6
)
 

 
(7
)
 

Recognized actuarial loss
 
3

 
6

 
2

 
7

Settlement loss
 
2

 

 

 

Total
 
$
5

 
$
21

 
$
2

 
$
24


Six months ended June 30
 
2016
 
2015
Net Periodic Benefit Costs
 
Pension Benefit
 
Post-retirement Benefit
 
Pension Benefit
 
Post-retirement Benefit
Service cost
 
$
4

 
$
10

 
$
4

 
$
14

Interest cost
 
8

 
20

 
10

 
20

Expected return on plan assets
 
(12
)
 

 
(14
)
 

Recognized actuarial loss
 
6

 
11

 
4

 
14

Settlement loss
 
2

 

 

 

Total
 
$
8

 
$
41

 
$
4

 
$
48


Occidental contributed approximately $1 million and zero in the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and approximately $2 million and $5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, to its defined benefit plans.

9. Fair Value Measurements

Occidental has categorized its assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value in a three-level fair value hierarchy, based on the inputs to the valuation techniques: Level 1 — using quoted prices in active markets for the assets or liabilities; Level 2 — using observable inputs other than quoted prices for the assets or liabilities; and Level 3 — using unobservable inputs.  Transfers between levels, if any, are recognized at the end of each reporting period.

Fair Values — Recurring


11



Occidental primarily applies the market approach for recurring fair value measurements, maximizes its use of observable inputs and minimizes its use of unobservable inputs. Occidental utilizes the mid-point between bid and ask prices for valuing the majority of its assets and liabilities measured and reported at fair value. In addition to using market data, Occidental makes assumptions in valuing its assets and liabilities, including assumptions about the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique.  For assets and liabilities carried at fair value, Occidental measures fair value using the following methods:

Ø
Occidental values exchange-cleared commodity derivatives using closing prices provided by the exchange as of the balance sheet date. Occidental values its available for sale investment based on the common stock closing share price as of the balance sheet date. These derivatives and investments are classified as Level 1.
Ø
Over-the-Counter (OTC) bilateral financial commodity contracts, foreign exchange contracts, options and physical commodity forward purchase and sale contracts are generally classified as Level 2 and are generally valued using quotations provided by brokers or industry-standard models that consider various inputs, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value, volatility factors, credit risk and current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures. Substantially all of these inputs are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument, and can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable prices at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.
Ø
Occidental values commodity derivatives based on a market approach that considers various assumptions, including quoted forward commodity prices and market yield curves. The assumptions used include inputs that are generally unobservable in the marketplace or are observable but have been adjusted based upon various assumptions, and the fair value is designated as Level 3 within the valuation hierarchy.

Occidental generally uses an income approach to measure fair value when observable inputs are unavailable. This approach utilizes management’s judgments regarding expectations of projected cash flows, and discounts those cash flows using a risk adjusted discount rate.

The following tables provide fair value measurement information for such assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):
Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2016:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Description
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Netting and
Collateral
 
Total Fair
Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
94

 
$
31

 
$

 
$
(85
)
 
$
40

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
116

 
$
304

 
$

 
$
(100
)
 
$
320


Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Description
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Netting and
Collateral
 
Total Fair
Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
557

 
$
87

 
$

 
$
(535
)
 
$
109

Available for sale investment
 
$
167

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
167

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivatives
 
$
544

 
$
404

 
$

 
$
(525
)
 
$
423


12




Fair Values — Nonrecurring

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, Occidental did not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. The following table provides fair value measurement for such proved domestic and international oil and gas properties that are measured on a nonrecurring basis as of December 31, 2015. The impairment tests, including the fair value estimation, incorporated a number of assumptions involving expectations of future cash flows. These assumptions included estimates of future product prices, which Occidental based on forward price curves as of balance sheet date and, where applicable, contractual prices, estimates of oil and gas reserves, estimates of future expected operating and development costs, and a risk adjusted discount rate of 8 to 20 percent. These properties were impacted by persistently low worldwide oil and natural gas prices and changing development plans. Occidental used the income approach to measure the fair value of these properties, using inputs categorized as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
(in millions)
 
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2015 Using
 
Net
Book Value
 
Total Pre-tax
(Non-cash) Impairment Loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Description
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
(a) 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impaired proved oil and gas assets - international
 
$

 
$

 
$
2,666

 
$
7,359

 
$
4,693

Impaired proved oil and gas assets - domestic
 
$

 
$

 
$
625

 
$
1,655

 
$
1,030

Impaired Midstream assets
 
$

 
$

 
$
50

 
$
891

 
$
841

Impaired Chemical property, plant, and equipment
 
$

 
$

 
$
3

 
$
124

 
$
121

(a) Amount represents net book value at date of assessment.


Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents and other on-balance-sheet financial instruments, other than long-term fixed-rate debt, approximate fair value.  The cost, if any, to terminate Occidental's off-balance-sheet financial instruments is not significant.  Occidental estimates the fair value of fixed-rate debt based on the quoted market prices for those instruments or on quoted market yields for similarly rated debt instruments, taking into account such instruments’ maturities.  The estimated fair value of Occidental’s debt as of June 30, 2016,and December 31, 2015, was $9.1 billion and $8.4 billion, respectively, and its carrying value net of unamortized discount as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, was $8.3 billion. The majority of Occidental's debt is classified as Level 1, with $273 million classified as Level 2.

10. Derivatives

Derivatives are carried at fair value and on a net basis when a legal right of offset exists with the same counterparty.  Occidental applies hedge accounting when transactions meet specified criteria for cash-flow hedge treatment and management elects and documents such treatment.  Otherwise, any fair value gains or losses are recognized in earnings in the current period.

Occidental uses a variety of derivative instruments, including cash-flow hedges and derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments, to obtain average prices for the relevant production month and to improve realized prices for oil and gas. Occidental only occasionally hedges its oil and gas production, and, when it does, the volumes are usually insignificant.


13



Cash-Flow Hedges

Occidental's marketing and trading operations, from time to time, store natural gas purchased from third parties at Occidental's North American leased storage facilities. Derivative instruments are used to fix margins on the future sales of the stored volumes through March 2017. As of June 30, 2016, Occidental had approximately 6 billion cubic feet of natural gas held in storage, and had cash-flow hedges for the forecast sale, to be settled by physical delivery, of approximately 6 billion cubic feet of stored natural gas. As of December 31, 2015, Occidental had approximately 13 billion cubic feet of natural gas held in storage, and had cash-flow hedges for the forecast sale, to be settled by physical delivery, of approximately 14 billion cubic feet of stored natural gas. The following table summarizes Occidental’s other comprehensive income related to derivatives for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015:

 
 
After-tax
 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Unrealized losses on derivatives
 
$
(2
)
 
$

 
$
(14
)
 
$

Reclassification to income of realized loss on derivatives
 
$

 
$

 
$
7

 
$


Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments

The following table summarizes Occidental’s net volumes of outstanding commodity derivatives contracts not designated as hedging instruments, including both financial and physical derivative contracts as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015:
 
 
Net Outstanding Position
 
 
Long / (Short)
Commodity
 
2016
 
2015
Oil (million barrels)
 
149

 
83

Natural gas (billion cubic feet)
 
(71
)
 
(58
)
Carbon dioxide (billion cubic feet)
 
571

 
603


The volumes in the table above exclude contracts tied to index prices, for which the fair value, if any, is minimal at any point in time. These excluded contracts do not expose Occidental to price risk because the contract prices fluctuate with index prices.
 
Occidental fulfills short positions through its own production or by third-party purchase contracts. Subsequent to June 30, 2016, Occidental entered into purchase contracts for a substantial portion of the short positions outstanding at quarter end and has sufficient production capacity and the ability to enter into additional purchase contracts to satisfy the remaining positions.

Approximately $38 million and $45 million of net gains from derivatives not designated as hedging instruments were recognized in net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Approximately $26 million of net gains and $44 million of net losses from derivatives not designated as hedging instruments were recognized in net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.


14



Fair Value of Derivatives

The following table presents the gross and net fair values of Occidental’s outstanding derivatives as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):
 
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Fair
 
Liability Derivatives
 
Fair
June 30, 2016
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Value
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Value
Cash-flow hedges(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
 
Other current assets
 
$

 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
4

 
 
 
 

 
 
 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Commodity contracts
 
Other current assets
 
117

 
Accrued liabilities
 
190

Long-term receivables and other assets, net
 
8

 
Deferred credits and other liabilities
 
227

 
 
 
 
125

 
 
 
417

Total gross fair value
 
 
 
125

 
 
 
421

Less: counterparty netting and cash collateral (b,d)
 
 
 
(85
)
 
 
 
(101
)
Total net fair value of derivatives
 
 
 
$
40

 
 
 
$
320

 
 
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Fair
 
Liability Derivatives
 
Fair
December 31, 2015
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Value
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Value
Cash-flow hedges(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
 
Other current assets
 
$
9

 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
1

 
 
 
 

 
 
 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
 
Other current assets
 
626

 
Accrued liabilities
 
672

Long-term receivables and other assets, net
 
9

 
Deferred credits and other liabilities
 
275

 
 
 
 
635

 
 
 
947

Total gross fair value
 
 
 
644

 
 
 
948

Less: counterparty netting and cash collateral (c,d)
 
 
 
(535
)
 
 
 
(525
)
Total net fair value of derivatives
 
 
 
$
109

 
 
 
$
423

(a)
Fair values are presented at gross amounts, including when the derivatives are subject to master netting arrangements and presented on a net basis in the consolidated balance sheets.
(b)
As of June 30, 2016, collateral received of zero has been netted against the derivative assets, and collateral paid of $15 million has been netted against derivative liabilities.
(c)
As of December 31, 2015, collateral received of $14 million has been netted against derivative assets, and collateral paid of $4 million has been netted against derivative liabilities.
(d)
Select clearinghouses and brokers require Occidental to post an initial margin deposit. Collateral, mainly for initial margin, of $44 million and $3 million deposited by Occidental has not been reflected in these derivative fair value tables as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. This collateral is included in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

See Note 9, Fair Value Measurements, for fair value measurement disclosures on derivatives.

15



Credit Risk

The majority of Occidental's counterparty credit risk is related to the physical delivery of energy commodities to its customers and their inability to meet their settlement commitments. Occidental manages this credit risk by selecting counterparties that it believes to be financially strong, by entering into master netting arrangements with counterparties and by requiring collateral, as appropriate. Occidental actively reviews the creditworthiness of its counterparties and monitors credit exposures against assigned credit limits by adjusting credit limits to reflect counterparty risk, if necessary. Occidental also enters into future contracts through regulated exchanges with select clearinghouses and brokers, which are subject to minimal credit risk as a significant portion of these transactions settle on a daily margin basis.
Certain of Occidental's OTC derivative instruments contain credit-risk-contingent features, primarily tied to credit ratings for Occidental or its counterparties, which may affect the amount of collateral that each would need to post. Occidental believes that if it had received a one-notch reduction in its credit ratings, it would not have resulted in a material change in its collateral-posting requirements as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

11. Industry Segments

Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream and marketing. The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, natural gas liquids (NGLs) and natural gas.  The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls.  The midstream and marketing segment gathers, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGLs, natural gas, CO2 and power. It also trades around its assets, including transportation and storage capacity. Additionally, the midstream and marketing segment invests in entities that conduct similar activities.

Results of industry segments generally exclude income taxes, interest income, interest expense, environmental remediation expenses, unallocated corporate expenses and discontinued operations, but include gains and losses from dispositions of segment and geographic area assets and income from the segments' equity investments. Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximating those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions.


16



The following tables present Occidental’s industry segments (in millions):
 
 
Oil
 
 
 
Midstream
 
Corporate
 
 
 
 
and
 
 
 
and
 
and
 
 
 
 
Gas
 
Chemical
 
Marketing
 
Eliminations
 
Total
Three months ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
1,625

 
$
908

 
$
141

 
$
(143
)
 
$
2,531

Pre-tax operating profit (loss)
 
$
(117
)
 
$
88

 
$
(58
)
 
$
(145
)
(a) 
$
(232
)
Income taxes
 

 

 

 
96

(b) 
96

Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 

 
(3
)
 
(3
)
Net income (loss)
 
$
(117
)
 
$
88

 
$
(58
)
 
$
(52
)
 
$
(139
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
2,342

 
$
1,030

 
$
294

 
$
(197
)
 
$
3,469

Pre-tax operating profit (loss)
 
$
355

 
$
136

 
$
87

 
$
(74
)
(a) 
$
504

Income taxes
 

 

 

 
(324
)
(b) 
(324
)
Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 

 
(4
)
 
(4
)
Net income (loss)
 
$
355


$
136


$
87


$
(402
)

$
176


 
 
Oil
 
 
 
Midstream
 
Corporate
 
 
 
 
and
 
 
 
and
 
and
 
 
 
 
Gas
 
Chemical
 
Marketing
 
Eliminations
 
Total
Six months ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
2,900

 
$
1,798

 
$
274

 
$
(318
)
 
$
4,654

Pre-tax operating profit (loss)
 
$
(602
)
 
$
302

 
$
(153
)
 
$
(342
)
(a) 
$
(795
)
Income taxes
 

 

 

 
299

(b) 
299

Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 

 
435

 
435

Net income (loss)
 
$
(602
)
 
$
302

 
$
(153
)
 
$
392

 
$
(61
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
$
4,351

 
$
2,030

 
$
491

 
$
(314
)
 
$
6,558

Pre-tax operating profit (loss)
 
$
89

(c) 
$
275

 
$
72

 
$
(166
)
(a,c) 
$
270

Income taxes
 

 

 

 
(305
)
(b) 
(305
)
Discontinued operations, net
 

 

 

 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Net income (loss)
 
$
89

 
$
275

 
$
72

 
$
(478
)
 
$
(42
)

(a) Includes unallocated net interest expense, administration expense, environmental remediation and other pre-tax items.
(b) Includes all foreign and domestic income taxes from continuing operations.
(c) Includes pre-tax charges of $310 million for the impairment of certain domestic and international oil and gas assets and other items and $14 million of corporate other items.


17



12. Earnings Per Share

Occidental’s instruments containing rights to nonforfeitable dividends granted in stock-based awards are considered participating securities prior to vesting and, therefore, net income allocated to these participating securities has been deducted from earnings in computing basic and diluted EPS under the two-class method.

Basic EPS was computed by dividing net income attributable to common stock, net of income allocated to participating securities, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period, net of treasury shares and including vested but unissued shares and share units.  The computation of diluted EPS reflects the additional dilutive effect of stock options and unvested stock awards.

The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted EPS for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in millions, except per-share amounts):
 
 
Three months ended
 June 30
 
Six months ended
June 30
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
Basic EPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(136
)
 
$
180

 
$
(496
)
 
$
(35
)
 
Discontinued operations, net
 
(3
)
 
(4
)
 
435

 
(7
)
 
Net income (loss)
 
(139
)
 
176

 
(61
)
 
(42
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Net income allocated to participating securities
 

 

 

 

 
Net income (loss), net of participating securities
 
(139
)
 
176

 
(61
)
 
(42
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of basic shares
 
763.6

 
766.4

 
763.5

 
768.0

 
Basic EPS
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.23

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted EPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss), net of participating securities
 
$
(139
)
 
$
176

 
$
(61
)
 
$
(42
)
 
Weighted average number of basic shares
 
763.6

 
766.4

 
763.5

 
768.0

 
Dilutive effect of potentially dilutive securities
 

 
0.2

 

 

 
Total diluted weighted average common shares
 
763.6

 
766.6

 
763.5

 
768.0

 
Diluted EPS
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
0.23

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.05
)
 


18



Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

In this report, “Occidental” means Occidental Petroleum Corporation (OPC), or OPC and one or more entities in which it owns a controlling interest (subsidiaries). Portions of this report contain forward-looking statements and involve risks and uncertainties that could materially affect expected results of operations, liquidity, cash flows and business prospects. Actual results may differ from anticipated results, sometimes materially, and reported results should not be considered an indication of future performance. Factors that could cause results to differ include, but are not limited to: global commodity pricing fluctuations; supply and demand considerations for Occidental’s products; higher-than-expected costs; the regulatory approval environment; reorganization or restructuring of Occidental’s operations; not successfully completing, or any material delay of, field developments, expansion projects, capital expenditures, efficiency projects, acquisitions or dispositions; uncertainties about the estimated quantities of oil and natural gas reserves; lower-than-expected production from development projects or acquisitions; exploration risks; general economic slowdowns domestically or internationally; political conditions and events; liability under environmental regulations including remedial actions; litigation; disruption or interruption of production or manufacturing or facility damage due to accidents, chemical releases, labor unrest, weather, natural disasters, cyber attacks or insurgent activity; failure of risk management; changes in law or regulations; or changes in tax rates. Words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “intend,” “believe,” “expect,” “aim,” “goal,” “target,” “objective,” “likely” or similar expressions that convey the prospective nature of events or outcomes generally indicate forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. Unless legally required, Occidental does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Material risks that may affect Occidental’s results of operations and financial position appear in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of Occidental's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (the 2015 Form 10-K).

Consolidated Results of Operations
 
Occidental reported a net loss from continuing operations of $136 million for the second quarter of 2016 on net sales of $2.5 billion, compared to net income from continuing operations of $180 million on net sales of $3.5 billion for the second quarter of 2015. Diluted loss per share from continuing operations was $0.18 for the second quarter of 2016, compared to diluted earnings of $0.23 per share for the second quarter of 2015.

Occidental reported a net loss from continuing operations of $496 million for the first six months of 2016 on net sales of $4.7 billion, compared to a net loss of $35 million on net sales of $6.6 billion for the same period in 2015. Diluted loss per share from continuing operations was $0.65 per share for the first six months of 2016, compared to a loss per share of $0.04 for the same period of 2015. Income from discontinued operations was $435 million or $0.57 per share for the first six months of 2016, compared with a loss of $7 million or $0.01 per share for the same period of 2015.

The net losses from continuing operations in the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, when compared to the same periods in 2015, reflect the impact of lower realized commodity prices in the oil and gas and chemical segments and lower marketing margins due to unfavorable Permian to Gulf Coast differentials. The lower prices were partially offset by lower per-barrel operating costs and lower chemical raw material and energy costs. Income from discontinued operations for the six months ended June 30, 2016, resulted from the settlement from the Republic of Ecuador under a November 2015 arbitration award.

Selected Statements of Operations Items

Net sales decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to the same periods in 2015, due to lower realized commodity prices. Gain (loss) on sale of assets, net, for the six months ended June 30, 2016, primarily reflected a gain on the sale of the Piceance Basin operations in Colorado of $121 million and a gain on the sale of the Occidental Tower building in Dallas of $57 million.

Compared to the same periods in 2015, cost of sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 reflected lower oil and gas production costs, mainly from maintenance and support activities and lower raw material and energy costs for the chemical business.

Asset impairments and related items for the six months ended June 30, 2016, reflected impairment charges of $78 million related to the special stock dividend of California Resources shares. Asset impairments and related items

19



for the six months ended June 30, 2015, reflected impairment charges for Occidental's South Texas Eagle Ford non-operated properties, investments in Yemen, mark-to-market losses on a CO2 purchase contract and rig idling and termination fees.

Lower taxes other than on income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to the same periods of 2015, reflected lower production and ad valorem taxes, which are mostly tied to oil and gas prices.

Higher interest and debt expense, net for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to the same periods of 2015, reflected lower capitalized interest as well as additional interest accrued for senior notes issued in April 2016 and a premium on the early retirement in May 2016 of the $1.25 billion of 1.75-percent senior notes due February 2017.

The domestic and foreign income tax benefit for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to income tax provisions in the same periods of 2015, are due to higher pre-tax operating losses in 2016 compared to 2015 and the relinquishment of foreign exploration blocks.

Selected Analysis of Financial Position
 
See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a discussion about the changes in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash.
 
The increase in trade receivables, net, at June 30, 2016, compared to December 31, 2015, was due to an increase in oil and gas realized prices. The decrease in assets held for sale and available for sale investment reflect the sale of Piceance operations in Colorado and the Occidental Tower in Dallas, and the distribution of Occidental's remaining California Resources common stock to its shareholders. The increase in investments in unconsolidated entities is primarily a result of capital contributions associated with the joint venture for the ethylene cracker at the OxyChem Ingleside facility. The decrease in property, plant and equipment, net, is primarily the result of DD&A, offset partially by Occidental's capital spending of $1.2 billion in the first half of 2016.

Current maturities of long-term debt at June 30, 2016, decreased from December 31, 2015, due to the payments of $700 million 2.5-percent senior notes due February 2016 and $750 million 4.125-percent senior notes due June 2016. The increase in long-term debt, net since December 31, 2015 is the result of the issuance of $2.75 billion of senior notes in April 2016, partially offset by the early redemption in May 2016 of $1.25 billion 1.75-percent senior notes due February 2017.

The decrease in accrued liabilities at June 30, 2016, is due to first quarter payments of ad-valorem taxes. Liabilities of assets held for sale as of June 30, 2016, decreased due to the sale of Piceance operations in Colorado.

Segment Operations
 
Occidental conducts its operations through three segments: (1) oil and gas; (2) chemical; and (3) midstream and marketing. The oil and gas segment explores for, develops and produces oil and condensate, NGLs and natural gas. The chemical segment mainly manufactures and markets basic chemicals and vinyls. The midstream and marketing segment gathers, processes, transports, stores, purchases and markets oil, condensate, NGLs, natural gas, CO2 and power. It also trades around its assets, including transportation and storage capacity. Additionally, the midstream and marketing segment invests in entities that conduct similar activities.


20



The following table sets forth the sales and earnings of each operating segment and corporate items for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
Net Sales (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas
 
$
1,625

 
$
2,342

 
$
2,900

 
$
4,351

 
Chemical
 
908

 
1,030

 
1,798

 
2,030

 
Midstream and Marketing
 
141

 
294

 
274

 
491

 
Eliminations
 
(143
)
 
(197
)
 
(318
)
 
(314
)
 
 
 
$
2,531

 
$
3,469

 
$
4,654

 
$
6,558

 
Segment Results (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas
 
$
(117
)
 
$
355

 
$
(602
)
 
$
89

 
Chemical
 
88

 
136

 
302

 
275

 
Midstream and Marketing
 
(58
)
 
87

 
(153
)
 
72

 
 
 
(87
)

578


(453
)
 
436

 
Unallocated Corporate Items (b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
 
(84
)
 
(7
)
 
(141
)
 
(35
)
 
Income tax benefit (provision)
 
96

 
(324
)
 
299

 
(305
)
 
Other expense, net
 
(61
)
 
(67
)
 
(201
)
 
(131
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 


 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
(136
)

180


(496
)

(35
)
 
Discontinued operations, net
 
(3
)
 
(4
)
 
435

 
(7
)
 
Net Income (loss)
 
$
(139
)

$
176


$
(61
)
 
$
(42
)
 

(a) Intersegment sales eliminate upon consolidation and are generally made at prices approximating those that the selling entity would be able to obtain in third-party transactions.
(b) Refer to “Significant Transactions and Events Affecting Earnings,” “Oil and Gas Segment,” “Chemical Segment,” “Midstream and Marketing Segment” and "Corporate" discussions that follow.


21



Significant Transactions and Events Affecting Earnings

The following table sets forth significant transactions and events affecting Occidental’s earnings that vary widely and unpredictably in nature, timing and amount for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset sales gains and other
 
$

 
$
18

 
$
23

 
$
5

Asset impairments and related items - Domestic
 

 
14

 

 
(250
)
Asset impairments and related items - International
 

 
(1
)
 

 
(47
)
Total Oil and Gas
 
$

 
$
31


$
23

 
$
(292
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chemical
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset sales gains
 
$

 
$

 
$
88

 
$

Total Chemical
 
$

 
$

 
$
88

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Midstream and Marketing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Midstream and Marketing
 
$

 
$
3


$

 
$
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset impairments and related items
 

 

 
(78
)
 

Spin-off costs and related items
 

 
(6
)
 

 
(20
)
Asset sales losses
 

 

 

 
(11
)
Tax effect of pre-tax adjustments (a)
 

 
(13
)
 
33

 
99

Discontinued operations, net (b)
 
(3
)
 
(4
)
 
435

 
(7
)
Total Corporate
 
$
(3
)
 
$
(23
)

$
390

 
$
61

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
$
(3
)
 
$
11


$
501

 
$
(238
)

(a) The 2016 amount included benefits for the relinquishment of foreign exploration blocks.
(b) Amounts shown after tax.

Worldwide Effective Tax Rate

The following table sets forth the calculation of the worldwide effective tax rate for income from continuing operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended June 30
 
Six months ended June 30
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas results
 
$
(117
)
 
$
355

 
$
(602
)
 
$
89

Chemical results
 
88

 
136

 
302

 
275

Midstream and Marketing results
 
(58
)
 
87

 
(153
)
 
72

Unallocated corporate items
 
(145
)
 
(74
)
 
(342
)
 
(166
)
Pre-tax income (loss)
 
(232
)

504


(795
)
 
270

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit (provision)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Federal and state
 
234

 
47

 
525

 
172

Foreign
 
(138
)
 
(371
)
 
(226
)
 
(477
)
Total
 
96


(324
)

299

 
(305
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(136
)

$
180


$
(496
)
 
$
(35
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Worldwide effective tax rate
 
41
%
 
64
%
 
38
%
 
113
%


22




Occidental's worldwide effective tax rate of 38 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2016 is lower than the comparative period of 2015 due to the mix of domestic operating losses and foreign operating income, as well as the current year domestic tax benefit associated with the relinquishment of foreign exploration blocks. Excluding the impact of asset sales and other nonrecurring items, Occidental's worldwide effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2016 would be 32 percent.

Oil and Gas Segment
 
The following tables set forth the production and sales volumes of oil, NGLs and natural gas per day for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.  The differences between the production and sales volumes per day are generally due to the timing of shipments at Occidental’s international locations where the product is loaded onto tankers.