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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
________________________________
FORM 10-Q
________________________________
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 28, 2023
OR
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 1-13536
image.gif
________________________________
Macy's, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
________________________________
Delaware13-3324058
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
151 West 34th Street, New York, New York 10001
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including Zip Code)
(212) 494-1621
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par value per shareMNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerxAccelerated Filero
Non-Accelerated FileroSmaller Reporting Companyo
Emerging Growth Companyo
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
Outstanding at November 25, 2023
Common Stock, $.01 par value per share
274,073,323 shares


Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
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Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(millions, except per share figures)
13 Weeks Ended39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Net sales$4,860 $5,230 $14,972 $16,178 
Other revenue178 237 519 688 
Total revenue5,038 5,467 15,491 16,866 
Cost of sales(2,902)(3,204)(9,067)(9,856)
Selling, general and administrative expenses(2,040)(2,088)(5,970)(6,005)
Gains on sale of real estate5 32 20 74 
Impairment, restructuring and other costs(15)(15)(21)(25)
Operating income86 192 453 1,054 
Benefit plan income, net2 7 10 21 
Settlement charges(7)(32)(129)(32)
Interest expense, net(35)(42)(108)(131)
Losses on early retirement of debt   (31)
Income before income taxes46 125 226 881 
Federal, state and local income tax expense(3)(17)(51)(213)
Net income$43 $108 $175 $668 
Basic earnings per share$0.16 $0.40 $0.64 $2.43 
Diluted earnings per share$0.15 $0.39 $0.63 $2.37 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
3

Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(millions)
13 Weeks Ended39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Net income$43 $108 $175 $668 
Other comprehensive income (loss):    
Actuarial gain on post employment and
postretirement benefit plans, before tax
(52)(161)(53)(161)
Reclassifications to net income:    
Amortization of net actuarial loss and prior service credit on post employment and postretirement benefit plans included in net income, before tax1 5 4 15 
Settlement charges, before tax7 32 129 32 
Tax effect related to items of other comprehensive income11 32 (21)30 
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax effect(33)(92)59 (84)
Comprehensive income$10 $16 $234 $584 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(millions)
 October 28, 2023January 28, 2023October 29, 2022
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$364 $862 $326 
Receivables218 300 204 
Merchandise inventories6,025 4,267 6,403 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets390 424 415 
Income tax receivable73   
Total Current Assets7,070 5,853 7,348 
Property and Equipment - net of accumulated depreciation
and amortization of $5,066, $4,633 and $4,957
5,813 5,913 5,831 
Right of Use Assets2,784 2,683 2,699 
Goodwill828 828 828 
Other Intangible Assets – net431 432 433 
Other Assets1,185 1,157 1,091 
Total Assets$18,111 $16,866 $18,230 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Short-term debt$160 $ $183 
Merchandise accounts payable3,466 2,053 3,861 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities2,388 2,750 2,678 
Income taxes 58 21 
Total Current Liabilities6,014 4,861 6,743 
Long-Term Debt2,997 2,996 2,996 
Long-Term Lease Liabilities3,034 2,963 2,988 
Deferred Income Taxes925 947 884 
Other Liabilities997 1,017 1,144 
Shareholders' Equity4,144 4,082 3,475 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity$18,111 $16,866 $18,230 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
5

Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(millions)
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Equity
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
Balance at January 28, 2023$3 $467 $6,268 $(2,038)$(618)$4,082 
Net income  155   155 
Other comprehensive income   1 1 
Common stock dividends
 ($0.1654 per share)
  (45)  (45)
Stock repurchases   (25) (25)
Stock-based compensation expense 14    14 
Stock issued under stock plans (108) 96  (12)
Balance at April 29, 2023$3 $373 $6,378 $(1,967)$(617)$4,170 
Net loss  (22)  (22)
Other comprehensive income    91 91 
Common stock dividends
 ($0.1654 per share)
 1 (46)  (45)
Stock-based compensation expense 16    16 
Stock issued under stock plans (38) 38   
Balance at July 29, 2023$3 $352 $6,310 $(1,929)$(526)$4,210 
Net income43 43 
Other comprehensive loss(33)(33)
Common stock dividends
 ($0.3308 per share)
1 (92)(91)
Stock-based compensation expense15 15 
Stock issued under stock plans(1)1  
Balance at October 28, 2023$3 $367 $6,261 $(1,928)$(559)$4,144 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY - (Continued)
(Unaudited)
(millions)
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Equity
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
Balance at January 29, 2022$3 $517 $5,268 $(1,545)$(622)$3,621 
Net income  286   286 
Other comprehensive income    4 4 
Common stock dividends
($0.1575 per share)
(45)(45)
Stock repurchases(600)(600)
Stock-based compensation expense 13    13 
Stock issued under stock plans (54) 53  (1)
Balance at April 30, 2022$3 $476 $5,509 $(2,092)$(618)$3,278 
Net income  275   275 
Other comprehensive income    3 3 
Common stock dividends
($0.1575 per share)
(42)(42)
Stock-based compensation expense 17    17 
Stock issued under stock plans (43) 43   
Balance at July 30, 2022$3 $450 $5,742 $(2,049)$(615)$3,531 
Net income  108   108 
Other comprehensive loss    (92)(92)
Common stock dividends
($0.315 per share)
(86)(86)
Stock-based compensation expense 14    14 
Stock issued under stock plans (1)1   
Balance at October 29, 2022$3 $463 $5,764 $(2,048)$(707)$3,475 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
7

Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(millions)
39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$175 $668 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Impairment, restructuring and other costs21 25 
Settlement charges129 32 
Depreciation and amortization665 638 
Stock-based compensation expense45 44 
Gains on sale of real estate(20)(74)
Benefit plans4 15 
Amortization of financing costs and premium on acquired debt8 8 
Deferred income taxes(43)(70)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Decrease in receivables82 93 
Increase in merchandise inventories(1,757)(2,019)
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets30 (56)
Increase in merchandise accounts payable1,334 1,636 
Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities(305)(300)
Decrease in current income taxes(123)(73)
Change in other assets and liabilities(87)(79)
Net cash provided by operating activities158 488 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment(485)(655)
Capitalized software(264)(328)
Disposition of property and equipment36 122 
Other, net(3)(8)
Net cash used by investing activities(716)(869)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Debt issued311 1,891 
Debt issuance costs(1)(21)
Debt repaid(153)(1,998)
Debt repurchase premium and expenses (29)
Dividends paid(135)(130)
Increase (decrease) in outstanding checks76 (117)
Acquisition of treasury stock(38)(601)
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities60 (1,005)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(498)(1,386)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash beginning of period865 1,715 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash end of period$367 $329 
Supplemental cash flow information:  
Interest paid$138 $168 
Interest received19 3 
Income taxes paid, net of refunds received217 356 
Note: Restricted cash of $3 million is included within cash and cash equivalents for both the 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

Table of Contents
MACY’S, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1.    Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations
Macy's, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (the "Company"), is an omnichannel retail organization operating stores, websites and mobile applications under three brands (Macy's, Bloomingdale's and Bluemercury) that sell a wide range of merchandise, including apparel and accessories (men's, women's and kids'), cosmetics, home furnishings and other consumer goods. The Company has stores in 43 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam. As of October 28, 2023, the Company's operations and operating segments were conducted through Macy's, Market by Macy's, Macy's Backstage, Bloomingdale's, Bloomingdale's The Outlet, Bloomie's, and Bluemercury.
Bloomingdale's in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and Al Zahra, Kuwait are operated under a license agreement with Al Tayer Insignia, a company of Al Tayer Group, LLC.
A description of the Company's significant accounting policies is included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023 (the "2022 10-K"). The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto in the 2022 10-K.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Such estimates and assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainties which may result in actual amounts differing from reported amounts.
The Consolidated Financial Statements for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position and results of operations of the Company.
Seasonality
Because of the seasonal nature of the retail business, the results of operations for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 (which do not include the holiday season) are not necessarily indicative of such results for the full fiscal year.
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications were made to prior years' amounts to conform with the classifications of such amounts in the most recent years.
Comprehensive Income
Total comprehensive income represents the change in equity during a period from sources other than transactions with shareholders and, as such, includes net income. For the Company, the only other components of total comprehensive income for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 relate to post employment and postretirement plan items. Settlement charges incurred are included as a separate component of income before income taxes in the Consolidated Statements of Income. Amortization reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost (income) and are included in benefit plan income, net on the Consolidated Statements of Income. See Note 5, "Retirement Plans," for further information.
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Table of Contents
MACY'S, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In September 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2022-04, Liabilities - Supplier Finance Programs (Subtopic 405-50): Disclosure of Supplier Finance Program Obligations (ASU 2022-04), which requires entities to disclose the key terms of supplier finance programs they use in connection with the purchase of goods and services, along with the amount of obligations outstanding at the end of each period and an annual rollforward of such obligations. ASU 2022-04 became effective for the Company beginning in 2023. The Company adopted ASU 2022-04 in the first quarter of 2023, with the exception of the rollforward information, which will be reflected in the fourth quarter, and the adoption did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements. See Note 7 for disclosures related to the Company's supplier finance programs.
2.    Earnings Per Share
The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:
13 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Net IncomeSharesNet IncomeShares
(millions, except per share data)
Net income and average
number of shares outstanding
$43 273.7 $108 271.0 
Shares to be issued under
deferred compensation and other plans
1.0 1.0 
$43 274.7 $108 272.0 
Basic earnings per share$0.16 $0.40 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options and restricted
stock units
2.9 5.7 
$43 277.6 $108 277.7 
Diluted earnings per share$0.15 $0.39 
39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Net IncomeSharesNet IncomeShares
(millions, except per share data)
Net income and average
number of shares outstanding
$175 272.9 $668 274.6 
Shares to be issued under deferred compensation and other plans1.0 1.0 
$175 273.9 $668 275.6 
Basic earnings per share$0.64 $2.43 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options and restricted
stock units
3.8 6.4 
$175 277.7 $668 282.0 
Diluted earnings per share$0.63 $2.37 


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MACY'S, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
In addition to the stock options and restricted stock units reflected in the foregoing table, stock options to purchase 9.9 million and 12.3 million shares of common stock and restricted stock units relating to 1.4 million and 0.8 million shares of common stock were outstanding at October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because their inclusion would have been antidilutive or they were subject to performance conditions that had not been met.
3.    Revenue
Net sales, which mainly consist of retail sales but also include merchandise returns, gift cards and loyalty programs, represented 96% of total revenue for both of the 13 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, and 97% and 96% of total revenue for the 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively. Other revenue generating activities consist of credit card revenues as well as Macy's Media Network revenue.
13 Weeks Ended39 Weeks Ended
RevenuesOctober 28, 2023October 29, 2022October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
(millions)
Women's Accessories, Shoes, Cosmetics and Fragrances$1,992 $2,025 $6,067 $6,214 
Women's Apparel1,088 1,223 3,348 3,772 
Men's and Kids'1,049 1,153 3,177 3,459 
Home/Other (a)731 829 2,380 2,733 
Total Net Sales4,860 5,230 $14,972 $16,178 
Credit card revenues, net$142 $206 $424 $601 
Macy's Media Network revenue, net (b)36 31 95 87 
Other Revenue178 237 519 688 
Total Revenue$5,038 $5,467 $15,491 $16,866 
(a)Other primarily includes restaurant sales, allowance for merchandise returns adjustments and breakage income from unredeemed gift cards.
(b)Macy's Media Network ("MMN") is an in-house media platform supporting both Macy's and Bloomingdale's customers through a broad variety of advertising formats running both on owned and operated platforms as well as offsite.
Macy's accounted for 85% of the Company's net sales for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and 86% for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 29, 2022. In addition, digital sales accounted for 31% of the Company's net sales for each of the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022.
Retail Sales
Retail sales include merchandise sales, inclusive of delivery income, licensed department income, Marketplace income, sales of private brand goods directly to third-party retailers and sales of excess inventory to third parties. Sales of merchandise are recorded at point of sale for in-store purchases or the time of shipment to the customer for digital purchases and are reported net of estimated merchandise returns and certain customer incentives. Commissions earned on sales generated by licensed departments and Marketplace are included as a component of total net sales and are recognized as revenue at the time merchandise is sold to customers. Service revenues (e.g., alteration and cosmetic services) are recorded at the time the customer receives the benefit of the service. The Company has elected to present sales taxes on a net basis and sales taxes are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities until remitted to the taxing authorities.
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MACY'S, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Merchandise Returns
The Company estimates merchandise returns using historical data and recognizes an allowance that reduces net sales and cost of sales. The liability for merchandise returns is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets and was $190 million, $236 million and $233 million as of October 28, 2023, January 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively. Included in prepaid expenses and other current assets is an asset totaling $114 million, $152 million and $142 million as of October 28, 2023, January 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively, for the recoverable cost of merchandise estimated to be returned by customers.
Gift Cards and Customer Loyalty Programs
The Company only offers no-fee, non-expiring gift cards to its customers. At the time gift cards are sold or issued, no revenue is recognized; rather, the Company records an accrued liability to customers. The liability is relieved, and revenue is recognized, equal to the amount redeemed at the time gift cards are redeemed for merchandise. The Company records revenue from unredeemed gift cards (breakage) in net sales on a pro-rata basis over the time period gift cards are actually redeemed. At least three years of historical data, updated annually, is used to determine actual redemption patterns.
The Company maintains customer loyalty programs in which customers earn points based on their purchases. Under the Macy’s Star Rewards loyalty program, points are earned based on customers’ spending on Macy’s private label and co-branded credit cards as well as non-proprietary cards and other forms of tender. Bloomingdale’s Loyallist and Bluemercury BlueRewards programs provide tender neutral points-based programs to their customers. The Company recognizes the estimated net amount of the rewards that will be earned and redeemed as a reduction to net sales at the time of the initial transaction and as tender when the points are subsequently redeemed by a customer.
The liability for unredeemed gift cards and customer loyalty programs is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets and was $336 million, $399 million and $355 million as of October 28, 2023, January 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively.
Credit Card Revenues
In 2005, in connection with the sale of most of the Company's credit card accounts and related receivable balances to Citibank, the Company and Citibank entered into a long-term marketing and servicing alliance pursuant to the terms of a Credit Card Program Agreement ("Credit Card Program"). Subsequent to this initial arrangement and associated amendments, on December 13, 2021, the Company entered into the sixth amendment to the amended and restated Credit Card Program with Citibank (the "Program Agreement"). The changes to the Credit Card Program's financial structure are not materially different from its previous terms. As part of the Program Agreement, the Company receives payments for providing a combination of interrelated services and intellectual property to Citibank in support of the underlying Credit Card Program. Revenue based on the spending activity of the underlying accounts is recognized as the respective card purchases occur and the Company's profit share is recognized based on the performance of the underlying portfolio. Revenue associated with the establishment of new credit accounts and assisting in the receipt of payments for existing accounts is recognized as such activities occur. Credit card revenues include finance charges, late fees and other revenue generated by the Company’s Credit Card Program, net of fraud losses and expenses associated with establishing new accounts, credit card funding costs and bad debt reserves and are a component of other revenue on the consolidated statements of income.
The Program Agreement expires March 31, 2030, subject to an additional renewal term of three years. The Program Agreement provides for, among other things, (i) the ownership by Citibank of the accounts purchased by Citibank, (ii) the ownership by Citibank of new accounts opened by the Company’s customers, (iii) the provision of credit by Citibank to the holders of the credit cards associated with the foregoing accounts, (iv) the servicing of the foregoing accounts, and (v) the allocation between Citibank and the Company of the economic benefits and burdens associated with the foregoing and other aspects of the alliance. Pursuant to the Program Agreement, the Company continues to provide certain servicing functions related to the accounts and related receivables owned by Citibank and receives compensation from Citibank for these services. The amounts earned under the Program Agreement related to the servicing functions are deemed adequate compensation and, accordingly, no servicing asset or liability has been recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
4.    Financing Activities
The Company borrowed $311 million and repaid $151 million of debt under its revolving credit facility ("ABL Credit Facility") during the 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023. During the 39 weeks ended October 29, 2022, the Company borrowed $1 billion and repaid $858 million of debt under its ABL Credit Facility and issued $425 million of 5.875% senior notes due 2030 and $425 million of 6.125% senior notes due 2032 in a private offering. The Company also repaid $2 billion aggregate principal amount of senior notes and debentures in the 39 weeks ended October 29, 2022.
As of October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, the Company had $138 million and $65 million of standby letters of credit outstanding under its ABL Credit Facility, respectively, which reduced the available borrowing capacity to $2,862 million and $2,935 million, respectively. The Company had outstanding borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility of $160 million as of October 28, 2023 and $183 million as of October 29, 2022.
During the 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023, the Company repurchased approximately 1.4 million shares of its common stock pursuant to existing stock purchase authorizations for a total of approximately $25 million. As of October 28, 2023, the Company had $1,375 million of authorization remaining under its share repurchase program. The Company may continue or, from time to time, suspend repurchases of shares under its share repurchase program, depending on prevailing market conditions, alternate uses of capital and other factors.
5.    Retirement Plans
The Company has defined contribution plans that cover substantially all employees who work 1,000 hours or more in a year. In addition, the Company has a funded defined benefit plan ("Pension Plan") and an unfunded defined benefit supplementary retirement plan ("SERP"), which provides benefits, for certain employees, in excess of qualified plan limitations. Effective January 1, 2012, the Pension Plan was closed to new participants, with limited exceptions, and effective January 2, 2012, the SERP was closed to new participants.
In February 2013, the Company announced changes to the Pension Plan and SERP whereby eligible employees no longer earn future pension service credits after December 31, 2013, with limited exceptions. All retirement benefits attributable to service in subsequent periods are provided through defined contribution plans.
In addition, certain retired employees currently are provided with specified health care and life insurance benefits ("Postretirement Obligations"). Eligibility requirements for such benefits vary, but generally state that benefits are available to eligible employees who were hired prior to a certain date and retire after a certain age with specified years of service. Certain employees are subject to having such benefits modified or terminated.
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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
The defined contribution plan expense and actuarially determined components of the net periodic benefit cost (income) associated with the defined benefit plans are as follows:
13 Weeks Ended39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
(millions)
401(k) Qualified Defined Contribution Plan$19 $21 $63 $66 
Pension Plan
Interest cost$19 $14 63 44 
Expected return on assets(29)(31)(97)(93)
Recognition of net actuarial loss1 4 4 11 
$(9)$(13)$(30)$(38)
Supplementary Retirement Plan
Interest cost$6 $4 $17 $11 
Recognition of net actuarial loss1 3 5 9 
$7 $7 $22 $20 
    
Total Retirement Expense$17 $15 $55 $48 
    
Postretirement Obligations    
Interest cost$1 $1 $3 $2 
Recognition of net actuarial gain(1)(1)(4)(4)
Amortization of prior service credit (1)(1)(1)
$ $(1)$(2)$(3)
In connection with the Company's defined benefit plans, for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023, the Company incurred a non-cash settlement charges of $7 million and $129 million, respectively. For the 13 weeks ended October 28, 2023, these charges relate to the pro-rata recognition of net actuarial losses associated with the Company's Pension Plan and are the result of an increase in lump sum distributions associated with the retiree distribution elections. For the 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023, these charges relate to the pro-rata recognition of net actuarial losses associated with the Company's Pension Plan and are the result of the transfer of pension obligations for certain retirees and beneficiaries under the Pension Plan through the purchase of a group annuity contract with an insurance company, which occurred in the second quarter.
In connection with the Company's defined benefit plans, for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 29, 2022, the Company incurred a non-cash settlement charge of $32 million. This charge relates to the pro-rata recognition of net actuarial losses associated with the Company's Pension Plan and is the result of an increase in lump sum distributions associated with retiree distribution elections.
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MACY'S, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
6.    Fair Value Measurements
The following table shows the Company's financial assets that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis, by level within the hierarchy as defined by applicable accounting standards:
Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets
Level 2: Significant observable inputs for the assets
Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs for the assets
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Fair Value MeasurementsFair Value Measurements
TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3
(millions)
Marketable equity and debt securities$37 $37 $ $ $33 $33 $ $ 
Other financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis include cash and cash equivalents, receivables, certain short-term investments and other assets, short-term debt, merchandise accounts payable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities and long-term debt. With the exception of long-term debt, the carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair values of long-term debt, excluding capitalized leases, are generally estimated based on quoted market prices for identical or similar instruments, and are classified as Level 2 measurements within the hierarchy as defined by applicable accounting standards.
The following table shows the estimated fair value of the Company's long-term debt:
October 28, 2023October 29, 2022
Notional
Amount
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
Notional
Amount
Carrying
Amount
Fair
Value
(millions)
Long-term debt$3,007 $2,997 $2,325 $3,007 $2,996 $2,371 
7.    Supplier Finance Programs
The Company has agreements with third-party financial institutions to facilitate supply chain finance ("SCF") programs. The programs allow qualifying suppliers to sell their receivables, on an invoice level at the selection of the supplier, from the Company to the financial institution and negotiate their outstanding receivable arrangements and associated fees directly with the financial institution. Macy's, Inc. is not party to the agreements between the supplier and the financial institution. The supplier invoices that have been confirmed as valid under the SCF programs require payment in full by the financial institution to the supplier by the original maturity date of the invoice, or discounted payment at an earlier date as agreed upon with the supplier. The Company's obligations to its suppliers, including amounts due and scheduled payment terms, are not impacted by a supplier’s participation in the SCF programs.

All outstanding amounts related to suppliers participating in the SCF programs are recorded upon confirmation with the third-party institutions in merchandise accounts payable in the consolidated balance sheets, and associated payments are included in operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company's outstanding obligations as of October 28, 2023, January 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 were $164 million, $63 million and $88 million, respectively.
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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
For purposes of the following discussion, all references to "third quarter of 2023" and "third quarter of 2022" are to the Company's 13-week fiscal periods ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively. References to "2023" and "2022" are to the Company's 39-week fiscal periods ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this report, as well as the financial and other information included in the 2022 10-K. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect the Company's plans, estimates and beliefs. The Company's actual results could materially differ from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to those differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this report (particularly in "Risk Factors" and in "Forward-Looking Statements") and in the 2022 10-K (particularly in "Risk Factors" and in "Forward-Looking Statements"). This discussion includes Non-GAAP financial measures. For information about these measures, see the disclosure under the caption "Important Information Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures".
Quarterly Overview
Certain financial highlights for the third quarter of 2023 as compared to the third quarter of 2022, unless otherwise specified, are as follows:
Macy's, Inc. comparable sales declined 7.0% on an owned basis and declined 6.3% on an owned-plus-licensed basis.
Macy's comparable sales declined 7.6% on an owned basis and declined 6.7% on an owned-plus-licensed basis.
Bloomingdale's comparable sales declined 3.2% on an owned basis and declined 4.4% on an owned-plus-licensed basis.
Bluemercury comparable sales increased 2.5% on an owned basis.
Digital sales decreased 7%. Digital penetration was 31% of net sales, which remained flat.
Other revenues were $178 million, down $59 million.
Gross margin rate was 40.3%, up 160 basis points.
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense was $2,040 million, down $48 million. SG&A expense as a percent of total revenue was 40.5%, up 230 basis points.
Net income was $43 million, compared to net income of $108 million.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") was $312 million compared to EBITDA of $392 million. On an adjusted basis, EBITDA was $334 million compared to $439 million.
Diluted earnings per share was $0.15 compared to $0.39 and adjusted diluted earnings per share was $0.21 compared to $0.52.
Merchandise inventories were down 6%.
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During the third quarter of 2023, the Company continued to invest in its five growth vectors that represent strategic investments designed to target future long-term profitable sales growth:
Macy's private brand reimagination - designed to drive customer loyalty, be a differentiator for the business, complement its national brands matrix and benefit gross margin. In August 2023, Macy's launched On 34th, its first new private brand under the reimagination, with a strong customer response. In September 2023, Macy's rolled out the next phase of I.N.C.'s refresh, further elevating the design strategy and fashion offering. Through 2025, the Company expects to refresh or replace all existing brands in its private brand portfolio, and plans to introduce four new private brands in total, including On 34th.
Macy's and Bloomie's small formats - play an integral role in supporting the omnichannel ecosystem. The portfolio of small-format stores continues to generate year-over-year comparable owned plus licensed sales growth. From August 2023 through November 2023, the Company opened four additional Macy's small format locations and one additional Bloomie's location. This brings the total of Macy's small format stores to 12 and Bloomie's to three. The Company expects to open up to 30 additional Macy's small format locations through the Fall of 2025 and is committed to expanding Bloomie's locations as well.
Digital marketplace - extending Macy's and Bloomingdale's category offerings with no inventory risk to deliver the best experience for customers and sellers. As of the end of the third quarter of 2023, the Macy's digital marketplace offered over 1,500 brands compared to 500 brands as of the end of the fourth quarter of 2022 and grew its gross merchandise value by approximately 22% on a consecutive quarter basis. The Company also launched a Bloomingdale's marketplace in the second quarter of 2023 with 55 curated brands available at the end of the third quarter of 2023. Across both marketplaces, the Company is experiencing healthy cross-shopping, resulting in higher average order value and increased units per order.
Luxury - attracting and retaining luxury customers through differentiated products, services and experiences at Bloomingdale's, Bluemercury and beauty at Macy's. The Company views Bloomingdale’s as being strongly positioned for multi-branded, upscale retail. Bluemercury is establishing itself as a premier destination for skincare with a leading assortment of cutting-edge dermatological products and services. The third quarter of 2023 marked Bluemercury's eleventh consecutive quarter of comparable sales growth, and active customer count on a trailing twelve-month basis increased 6%, driven primarily by new customers. Finally, Macy’s Beauty is an accessible luxury beauty destination with the power to scale elevated brands. The Company views its positioning and offerings across all three nameplates as a competitive advantage as the luxury market continues to grow.
Personalized offers and communication - presents an opportunity to build loyalty, grow customer lifetime value and protect margins by creating tailored and intimate customer experiences. Digital and technology teams have been testing and learning throughout the year, including the recent launch of several multi-touch communications, which have shown positive signals. The Company anticipates to move from testing in 2023 to scaling in 2024.
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Results of Operations
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Amount% to Net Sales% to Total RevenueAmount% to Net Sales% to Total Revenue
(dollars in millions, except per share figures)
Net sales$4,860 $5,230 
Other revenue178 3.7 %237 4.5 %
Total revenue5,038 5,467 
Cost of sales(2,902)(59.7)%(3,204)(61.3)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(2,040)(40.5)%(2,088)(38.2)%
Gains on sale of real estate0.1 %32 0.6 %
Impairment, restructuring and other costs(15)(0.3)%(15)(0.3)%
Operating income86 1.7 %192 3.5 %
Diluted earnings per share$0.15 $0.39 
Supplemental Financial Measures
Gross margin (a)$1,958 40.3 %$2,026 38.7 %
Digital sales as a percentage of net sales31 %31 %
Decrease in comparable sales(7.0)%(3.1)%
Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.3)%(2.7)%
Adjusted diluted earnings per share$0.21 $0.52 
EBITDA$312 $392 
Adjusted EBITDA$334 $439 
(a)Gross margin is defined as net sales less cost of sales.
See pages 25 to 28 for reconciliations of the supplemental non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measure and for other important information.
Comparison of the Third Quarter of 2023 and the Third Quarter of 2022
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Net sales$4,860 $5,230 
Decrease in comparable sales(7.0)%(3.1)%
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.3)%(2.7)%
Digital sales as a percent of net sales31 %31 %
Net sales for the third quarter of 2023 decreased for Macy’s and Bloomingdale’s, but grew for Bluemercury. During the quarter, net sales were impacted by macroeconomic conditions as consumer spending in discretionary categories continued to be under pressure as expected. Macy's experienced strength in categories that included beauty, particularly fragrances and prestige cosmetics, women's career sportswear, and men's tailored. Women's casual sportswear, big ticket, and handbag categories continued to underperform. Owned average unit retail ("AUR") increased 5.2% from the third quarter of 2022 primarily driven by changes in product and category mix.
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Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
$% to Net Sales$% to Net Sales
Credit card revenues, net$142 2.9 %$206 3.9 %
Macy's Media Network, net36 0.7 %31 0.6 %
Other revenue$178 3.7 %$237 4.5 %
Proprietary credit card sales penetration44.2 %44.5 %
The decrease in other revenues was primarily driven by a $64 million decrease in credit card revenues. This decrease was primarily driven by increased portfolio funding costs and higher estimated credit losses. Macy's Media Network grew $5 million, or 16% from the third quarter of 2022.
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Cost of sales$(2,902)(3,204)
As a percent to net sales59.7 %61.3 %
Gross margin$1,958 $2,026 
As a percent to net sales40.3 %38.7 %
Gross margin rate and merchandise margin rate increased 160 basis points and 110 basis points, respectively, in the third quarter of 2023 compared to the third quarter of 2022. The increase in merchandise margin was primarily driven by lower permanent markdowns and improved inbound freight costs. Partially offsetting these benefits were anticipated changes in category mix, inclusive of the transitional impacts of the private brand reimagination as the Company exits brands, and an increase in estimated shortage due to a higher annual shortage rate. Delivery expense as a percent of net sales decreased 50 basis points from the third quarter of 2022 primarily reflecting improvements in merchandise allocation resulting in reductions in packages per order and distance traveled. Finally, inventory declined 6% year-over-year and trailing twelve-month inventory turn was up 1%, driven by the Company's continued inventory discipline.
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
SG&A expenses$(2,040)$(2,088)
As a percent to total revenue40.5 %38.2 %
SG&A expenses decreased 2% in the third quarter of 2023 compared to the third quarter of 2022 due to effective implementation of cost saving initiatives and ongoing expense discipline. The increase in SG&A expenses as a percent to total revenue in the third quarter of 2023 was due to a decline in total revenue compared to the third quarter of 2022.
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Settlement charges$(7)$(32)
The Company recognized non-cash settlement charges of $7 million and $32 million during the third quarter of 2023 and the third quarter of 2022, respectively, which relate to the pro-rata recognition of net actuarial losses associated with the Company's Pension Plan and are the result of an increase in lump sum distributions associated with the retiree distribution elections.
Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Net interest expense$(35)$(42)
The decrease in net interest expense in the third quarter of 2023 compared to the third quarter of 2022 was primarily driven by an increase in interest income as well as a decrease in interest expense due to lower borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility.
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Third Quarter of 2023Third Quarter of 2022
Effective tax rate6.5 %13.6 %
Federal income statutory rate21 %21 %
Income tax expense decreased $14 million in the third quarter of 2023 compared to the third quarter of 2022 due to lower income before income taxes. Additionally, the effective tax rates for both periods reflect a different effective tax rate as compared to the Company’s Federal income tax statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the recognition of return-to-provision adjustments associated with the filings of the Company’s 2022 and 2021 U.S. Federal income tax returns during each respective period.
39 Weeks Ended October 28, 202339 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
Amount% to Net Sales% to Total RevenueAmount% to Net Sales% to Total Revenue
(dollars in millions, except per share figures)
Net sales$14,972 $16,178 
Other revenue519 3.5 %688 4.3 %
Total revenue15,491 16,866 
Cost of sales(9,067)(60.6)%(9,856)(60.9)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses(5,970)(38.5)%(6,005)(35.6)%
Gains on sale of real estate20 0.1 %74 0.4 %
Impairment, restructuring and other costs(21)(0.1)%(25)(0.1)%
Operating income$453 2.9 %$1,054 6.2 %
Diluted earnings per share$0.63 $2.37 
Supplemental Financial Measures
Gross margin (a)$5,905 39.4 %$6,322 39.1 %
Digital sales as a percentage of net sales31 %31 %
Increase (decrease) in comparable sales(7.7)%2.3 %
Supplemental Non-GAAP Financial Measures 
Increase (decrease) in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.9)%2.3 %
Adjusted diluted earnings per share$1.03 $2.60 
EBITDA$999 $1,681 
Adjusted EBITDA$1,149 $1,738 
(b)Gross margin is defined as net sales less cost of sales.
See pages 25 to 28 for reconciliations of the supplemental non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measure and for other important information.
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Comparison of the 39 Weeks Ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022
20232022
Net sales$14,972 $16,178 
Increase (decrease) in comparable sales(7.7)%2.3 %
Increase (decrease) in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.9)%2.3 %
Digital sales as a percent of net sales31 %31 %
Net sales for 2023 decreased for Macy’s and Bloomingdale’s but improved for Bluemercury as compared to 2022. Net sales were impacted by macroeconomic conditions as consumer spending in discretionary categories continued to be under pressure as expected. Macy's experienced strength in categories that included beauty, particularly fragrances and prestige cosmetics, women's career sportswear, and men’s tailored. Categories such as women's casual sportswear, active, and big ticket underperformed the prior year. Owned AUR increased 4.9% compared to 2022 due to ticket increases and category mix.
20232022
$% to Net Sales$% to Net Sales
Credit card revenues, net$424 2.8 %$601 3.7 %
Macy's Media Network, net95 0.6 %87 0.5 %
Other revenue$519 3.5 %$688 4.3 %
Proprietary credit card sales penetration43.6 %43.6 %
The decrease in other revenues was driven by a $177 million decrease in credit card revenues. This decrease was primarily driven by increased portfolio funding costs and higher estimated credit losses. Macy's Media Network grew $8 million, or 9%, compared to 2022.
20232022
Cost of sales$(9,067)$(9,856)
As a percent to net sales60.6 %60.9 %
Gross margin$5,905 $6,322 
As a percent to net sales39.4 %39.1 %
Gross margin rate increased 30 basis points and merchandise margin rate decreased approximately 20 basis points, respectively, in 2023 compared to 2022. The decrease in merchandise margin was primarily driven by planned changes in Macy’s category mix, partially offset by lower permanent markdowns. Delivery expense as a percent of net sales decreased 50 basis points from 2022 primarily due to improved carrier rates from contract renegotiations and improvements in merchandise allocation resulting in reductions in packages per order and distance traveled. Inventory declined 6% year-over-year driven by the Company's continued inventory discipline.
20232022
SG&A expenses$(5,970)$(6,005)
As a percent to total revenue38.5 %35.6 %
SG&A expenses decreased less than 1% in 2023 compared to 2022 due to effective implementation of cost saving initiatives and ongoing expense discipline. The increase in SG&A expenses as a percent to total revenue in 2023 was due to a decline in total revenue compared to 2022.
20232022
Gains on sale of real estate$20 $74 
Asset sale gains in 2023 mainly relate to the sale of the Company's Cheshire distribution center in the first quarter of 2023 along with the sale of two other properties, while 2022 mainly consisted of gains from the sale of four properties.
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20232022
Impairment, restructuring and other costs$(21)$(25)
Impairment, restructuring and other costs in 2023 were primarily related to employee severance and asset impairments while in 2022, these charges were primarily related to the write-off of capital software assets.
20232022
Settlement charges$(129)$(32)
During 2023, the Company recognized a non-cash settlement charge of $129 million associated primarily with the transfer of fully funded pension obligations for certain retirees and beneficiaries through the purchase of a group annuity contract with an insurance company, which occurred in the second quarter of 2023. In 2022, the Company recognized a non-cash settlement charge of $32 million primarily driven by an increase in lump sum distributions associated with retiree distribution elections.
20232022
Net interest expense$(108)$(131)
The decrease in net interest expense in 2023 compared to 2022 was driven by an increase in interest income and interest savings associated with the financing activities completed in the first quarter of 2022 as well as lower ABL Credit Facility borrowings in 2023 compared to 2022.
20232022
Losses on early retirement of debt$— $(31)
In 2022, losses on early retirement of debt were recognized due to the early payment of $1.1 billion senior notes and debentures in March 2022.
20232022
Effective tax rate22.6 %24.2 %
Federal income statutory rate21 %21 %
Income tax expense decreased $162 million in 2023 compared to 2022 due to lower income before income taxes. Additionally, the effective tax rates in 2023 and 2022 were 22.6% and 24.2%, respectively, and reflect a different effective tax rate as compared to the Company’s Federal income tax statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the impact of state and local taxes.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Company's principal sources of liquidity are cash from operations, cash on hand and the ABL Credit Facility (as defined below). Material contractual obligations arising in the normal course of business primarily consist of long-term debt and related interest payments, lease obligations, merchandise purchase obligations, retirement plan benefits, and self-insurance reserves. The Company believes that, assuming no change in its current business plan, its available cash, together with expected future cash generated from operations, the amount available under the ABL Credit Facility, and credit available in the market, will be sufficient to satisfy its anticipated needs for working capital, capital expenditures, and cash dividends for at least the next twelve months and the foreseeable future thereafter.
Merchandise purchase obligations represent future merchandise payables for inventory purchased from various suppliers through contractual arrangements and are expected to be funded through cash from operations.
Capital Allocation
The Company's capital allocation goals include maintaining a healthy balance sheet and investment-grade credit metrics, followed by investing in growth initiatives and returning capital to shareholders through predictable dividends and share repurchases with excess cash.
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The Company ended the third quarter of 2023 with a cash and cash equivalents balance of $364 million, an increase of $38 million from $326 million at the end of the third quarter of 2022. The Company is party to the ABL Credit Facility with certain financial institutions providing for a $3,000 million asset-based credit facility.
20232022
Net cash provided by operating activities$158 $488 
Net cash used by investing activities(716)(869)
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities60 (1,005)
Operating Activities
The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily driven by lower earnings before depreciation and amortization.
Investing Activities
The Company's capital expenditures were $749 million in 2023 compared to $983 million in 2022. Capital expenditures in the current year are primarily focused on digital and technology investments, data and analytics, supply chain modernization and omni-channel capabilities. The Company's proceeds from asset dispositions were also $86 million lower in 2023 compared to 2022.
Financing Activities
Dividends
The Company paid dividends totaling $135 million and $130 million in 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Board of Directors declared regular quarterly dividends of 16.54 cents per share on the Company's common stock, which were paid on April 3, 2023, July 3, 2023 and October 2, 2023, respectively to Macy's shareholders of record at the close of business on March 15, 2023, June 15, 2023 and September 15, 2023, respectively.
On October 27, 2023, the Company announced that its Board of Directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of 16.54 cents per share on its common stock, which will be paid on January 2, 2024, to Macy's shareholders of record at the close of business on December 15, 2023. Subsequent dividends will be subject to approval of the Board of Directors, which will depend on market and other conditions.
Stock Repurchases
On February 22, 2022, the Board of Directors authorized a new $2,000 million share repurchase program, which does not have an expiration date. During the first quarter of 2023, the Company repurchased approximately 1.4 million shares of its common stock at an average cost of $17.57 per share on the open market under its share repurchase program. As of October 28, 2023, $1,375 million remained available under the authorization. The Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock during the second and third quarters of 2023. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions in accordance with applicable securities laws, including Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, on terms determined by the Company. During the first quarter of 2023, the Company also withheld approximately $12 million of shares for tax purposes associated with the issuance of certain stock awards.
Debt Transactions
As of October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, the Company had $138 million and $65 million of standby letters of credit outstanding under its ABL Credit Facility, respectively, which reduced the available borrowing capacity to $2,862 million and $2,935 million respectively. The Company had $160 million and $183 million of outstanding borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility as of October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, respectively.
Contractual Obligations
As of October 28, 2023, other than the financing transactions discussed in Note 4 to the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements, there were no material changes to the Company's contractual obligations and commitments outside the ordinary course of business since January 28, 2023, as reported in the Company's 2022 Form 10-K.
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Guarantor Summarized Financial Information
The Company had $3,007 million aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes and senior unsecured debentures (collectively the "Unsecured Notes") outstanding as of both October 28, 2023 and January 28, 2023 with maturities ranging from 2025 to 2043. The Unsecured Notes constitute debt obligations of Macy's Retail Holdings, LLC ("MRH" or "Subsidiary Issuer"), a 100%-owned subsidiary of Macy's, Inc. ("Parent" and together with the "Subsidiary Issuer," the "Obligor Group"), and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Parent. The Unsecured Notes rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company's existing and future senior unsecured obligations, senior to any of the Company's future subordinated indebtedness, and are structurally subordinated to all existing and future obligations of each of the Company's subsidiaries that do not guarantee the Unsecured Notes. Holders of the Company's secured indebtedness, including any borrowings under the ABL Credit Facility, will have a priority claim on the assets that secure such secured indebtedness; therefore, the Unsecured Notes and the related guarantees are effectively subordinated to all of the Subsidiary Issuer's and Parent and their subsidiaries’ existing and future secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such indebtedness.
The following tables include combined financial information of the Obligor Group. Investments in subsidiaries of $8,462 million and $9,146 million as of October 28, 2023 and January 28, 2023, respectively, have been excluded from the Summarized Balance Sheets. Equity in earnings of non-Guarantor subsidiaries of $472 million and $1,180 million for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023, have been excluded from the Summarized Statement of Operations. The combined financial information of the Obligor Group is presented on a combined basis with intercompany balances and transactions within the Obligor Group eliminated.
Summarized Balance Sheets
October 28, 2023January 28, 2023
(in millions)
ASSETS
Current Assets$1,098 $1,154 
Noncurrent Assets7,402 8,261 
LIABILITIES
Current Liabilities$1,794 $1,958 
Noncurrent Liabilities (a)11,019 12,517 
(a)Includes net amounts due to non-Guarantor subsidiaries of $5,753 million and $6,784 million as of October 28, 2023 and January 28, 2023, respectively.
Summarized Statement of Operations
13 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023
39 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023
(in millions)
Net sales$183 $626 
Consignment commission income (a)771 2,361 
Other revenue37 96 
Cost of sales(87)(299)
Operating loss(380)(936)
Loss before income taxes (b)(320)(530)
Net loss(299)(305)
(a)Income pertains to transactions with ABL Borrower, a non-Guarantor subsidiary.
(b)Includes $130 million and $700 million of dividend income from non-Guarantor subsidiaries for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023, respectively.


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Outlook and Recent Developments
On November 16, 2023, the Company updated its annual 2023 guidance as follows:
Net sales are expected to be between $22.9 billion and $23.2 billion;
Comparable sales on a 52-week owned-plus-licensed basis are expected to be down approximately 7% to 6% as compared to 2022;
Other revenues are expected to be approximately 3.2% of net sales and credit card revenues are expected to account for approximately 81% of other revenue;
Gross margin rate is expected to be between 38.4% and 38.5%;
SG&A expense as a percent of total revenue and as a percent of net sales is expected to be approximately 35.2% to 35.5% and 36.4% to 36.6%, respectively;
Asset sale gains are expected to be approximately $45 million;
Benefit plan income is expected to be approximately $11 million;
Depreciation and amortization is expected to be approximately $895 million;
Adjusted EBITDA as a percent of total revenue and as a percent of net sales is expected to be approximately 8.9% to 9.1% and 9.1% to 9.4%, respectively;
Interest expense is expected to be approximately $140 million;
Diluted shares outstanding is expected to be approximately 278 million; and,
Adjusted diluted EPS is expected to be between $2.88 and $3.13.
Important Information Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The Company reports its financial results in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). However, management believes that certain non-GAAP financial measures provide users of the Company's financial information with additional useful information in evaluating operating performance. Management believes that providing supplemental changes in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis, which includes the impact of growth in comparable sales of departments licensed to third parties, assists in evaluating the Company's ability to generate sales growth, whether through owned businesses or departments licensed to third parties, on a comparable basis, and in evaluating the impact of changes in the manner in which certain departments are operated. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) is a non-GAAP financial measure which the Company believes provides meaningful information about its operational efficiency by excluding the impact of changes in tax law and structure, debt levels and capital investment. In addition, management believes that excluding certain items that are not associated with the Company's core operations and that may vary substantially in frequency and magnitude from period-to-period from net income, diluted earnings per share attributable to Macy's, Inc. shareholders and EBITDA provide useful supplemental measures that assist in evaluating the Company's ability to generate earnings and leverage sales, respectively, and to more readily compare these metrics between past and future periods. Management also believes that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are frequently used by investors and securities analysts in their evaluations of companies, and that such supplemental measures facilitate comparisons between companies that have different capital and financing structures and/or tax rates. The Company uses certain non-GAAP financial measures as performance measures for components of executive compensation.
The Company does not provide reconciliations of the forward-looking non-GAAP measures of comparable owned plus licensed sales change, adjusted EBITDA as a percent of total revenue and as a percent to net sales and adjusted diluted earnings per share to the most directly comparable forward-looking GAAP measures because the timing and amount of excluded items are unreasonably difficult to fully and accurately estimate. For the same reasons, the Company is unable to address the probable significance of the unavailable information, which could be material to future results.
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Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed as supplementing, and not as an alternative or substitute for, the Company's financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP. Certain of the items that may be excluded or included in non-GAAP financial measures may be significant items that could impact the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows and should therefore be considered in assessing the Company's actual and future financial condition and performance. Additionally, the amounts received by the Company on account of sales of departments licensed to third parties are limited to commissions received on such sales. The methods used by the Company to calculate its non-GAAP financial measures may differ significantly from methods used by other companies to compute similar measures. As a result, any non-GAAP financial measures presented herein may not be comparable to similar measures provided by other companies.
Changes in Comparable Sales
The following is a tabular reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure of changes in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis, to GAAP comparable sales (i.e., on an owned basis), which the Company believes to be the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
13 Weeks Ended October 28, 2023 vs.
13 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
Macy's, Inc.Macy's Bloomingdale's
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned basis (Note 1)(7.0 %)(7.6 %)(3.2 %)
Impact of departments licensed to third parties (Note 2)0.7 %0.9 %(1.2 %)
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.3 %)(6.7 %)(4.4 %)
39 Weeks Ended October 28, 2023 vs.
39 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
Macy's, Inc.Macy's Bloomingdale's
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned basis (Note 1)(7.7 %)(8.5 %)(3.3 %)
Impact of departments licensed to third parties (Note 2)0.8 %0.9 %(0.5 %)
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(6.9 %)(7.6 %)(3.8 %)
Macy's, Inc.
13 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022 vs.
13 Weeks Ended October 30, 2021
39 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022 vs.
39 Weeks Ended October 30, 2021
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned basis (Note 1)(3.1 %)2.3 %
Impact of departments licensed to third parties (Note 2)0.4 %(0.2 %)
Decrease in comparable sales on an owned-plus-licensed basis(2.7 %)2.3 %
Notes:
(1)Represents the period-to-period percentage change in net sales from stores in operation for one full fiscal year for the 13 and 39 weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022. Such calculation includes all digital sales and excludes commissions from departments licensed to third parties. Stores impacted by a natural disaster or undergoing significant expansion or shrinkage remain in the comparable sales calculation unless the store, or material portion of the store, is closed for a significant period of time. Definitions and calculations of comparable sales may differ among companies in the retail industry.
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(2)Represents the impact of including the sales of departments licensed to third parties occurring in stores in operation throughout the year presented and the immediately preceding year and all online sales, including Marketplace sales, in the calculation of comparable sales. Macy’s and Bloomingdale’s license third parties to operate certain departments in their stores and online, including Macy’s and Bloomingdale’s digital Marketplace, and receive commissions from these third parties based on a percentage of their net sales, while Bluemercury does not participate in licensed or Marketplace businesses. In its financial statements prepared in conformity with GAAP, the company includes these commissions (rather than sales of the departments licensed to third parties and Marketplace) in its net sales. The company does not, however, include any amounts in respect of licensed department or Marketplace sales (or any commissions earned on such sales) in its comparable sales in accordance with GAAP (i.e., on an owned basis). The amounts of commissions earned on sales of departments licensed to third parties and from the digital Marketplace are not material to its net sales for the periods presented.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
The following is a tabular reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to GAAP net income, which the Company believes to be the most directly comparable GAAP measure.
13 Weeks Ended
October 28, 2023
13 Weeks Ended
October 29, 2022
39 Weeks Ended October 28, 2023
39 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
(millions)
Net income$43 $108 $175 $668 
Interest expense - net35 42 108 131 
Losses on early retirement of debt— — — 31 
Federal, state and local income tax expense17 51 213 
Depreciation and amortization231 225 665 638 
EBITDA$312 $392 $999 $1,681 
Impairment, restructuring and other costs15 15 21 25 
Settlement charges32 129 32 
Adjusted EBITDA$334 $439 $1,149 $1,738 
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Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share
The following is a tabular reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures adjusted net income to GAAP net income and adjusted diluted earnings per share to GAAP diluted earnings per share, which the Company believes to be the most directly comparable GAAP measures.
13 Weeks Ended October 28, 202313 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
Net Income Diluted
Earnings
Per Share
Net Income Diluted
Earnings
Per Share
(millions, except per share figures)
As reported$43 $0.15 $108 $0.39 
Impairment, restructuring and other costs15 0.05 15 0.05 
Settlement charges0.03 32 0.12 
Income tax impact of certain items noted above(6)(0.02)(12)(0.04)
As adjusted to exclude certain items above$59 $0.21 $143 $0.52 
39 Weeks Ended October 28, 202339 Weeks Ended October 29, 2022
Net IncomeDiluted
Earnings
Per Share
Net IncomeDiluted
Earnings
Per Share
(millions, except per share figures)
As reported$175 $0.63 $668 $2.37 
Impairment, restructuring and other costs21 0.07 25 0.09 
Settlement charges129 0.46 32 0.11 
Losses on early retirement of debt— — 31 0.11 
Income tax impact of certain items noted above(38)(0.13)(22)(0.08)
As adjusted to exclude certain items above$287 $1.03 $734 $2.60 
Critical Accounting Estimates
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Company reviews the carrying value of its goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives at least annually, as of the end of fiscal May, or more frequently if an event occurs or circumstances change, for possible impairment in accordance with ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other. For impairment testing, goodwill has been assigned to reporting units which consist of the Company's retail operating divisions. Macy's and Bluemercury are the only reporting units with goodwill as of October 28, 2023, and 97% of the Company's goodwill is allocated to the Macy's reporting unit.
The Company may elect to evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or fair value of indefinite lived intangible assets is less than its carrying value. If the qualitative evaluation indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset is less than its carrying amount, a quantitative impairment test is required. Alternatively, the Company may bypass the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset and directly perform the quantitative assessment. This determination can be made on an individual reporting unit or asset basis, and performance of the qualitative assessment may resume in a subsequent period.
The quantitative impairment test involves estimating the fair value of each reporting unit and indefinite lived intangible asset and comparing these estimated fair values with the respective reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset carrying value. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to such excess, limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. If the carrying value of an individual indefinite lived intangible asset exceeds its fair value, such individual indefinite lived intangible asset is written down by an amount equal to such excess.
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Estimating the fair values of reporting units and indefinite lived intangible assets involves the use of significant assumptions, estimates and judgments with respect to a variety of factors, including projected sales, gross margin and SG&A expense rates, capital expenditures, cash flows and the selection and use of an appropriate discount rate and market values and multiples of earnings and revenues of similar public companies. Projected sales, gross margin and SG&A expense rate assumptions and capital expenditures are based on the Company's annual business plan or other forecasted results. Discount rates reflect market-based estimates of the risks associated with the projected cash flows of the reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset.
The use of different assumptions, estimates or judgments in the goodwill impairment testing process, including with respect to the estimated future cash flows of the Company's reporting units, the discount rate used to discount such estimated cash flows to their net present value, and the reasonableness of the resultant implied control premium relative to the Company's market capitalization, could materially increase or decrease the fair value of the reporting unit and/or its net assets and, accordingly, could materially increase or decrease any related impairment charge.
For its annual goodwill impairment test as of the end of fiscal May 2023, the Company elected to perform a qualitative impairment test on its reporting units and intangible assets with indefinite lives and concluded that it is more likely than not that the fair values exceed the carrying values and the reporting units and intangible assets with indefinite lives are not impaired.
During the third quarter of fiscal 2023, the Company observed a general decline in the market valuation of the Company’s common shares and performed an interim qualitative impairment test on its reporting units. As a result of this test, the Company concluded that it is more likely than not that the fair values of its reporting units exceeded the carrying values and goodwill is not impaired. However, the Company continues to monitor the key inputs to fair value of its reporting units. A sustained decline in market capitalization or future declines in macroeconomic factors or business conditions could result in an impairment charge in future periods.
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
There have been no material changes to the Company's market risk as described in the Company's 2022 10-K. For a discussion of the Company's exposure to market risk, refer to the Company's market risk disclosures set forth in Part II, Item 7A, "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" of the 2022 10-K.
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures.
The Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have carried out, as of October 28, 2023, with the participation of the Company's management, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act"). Based upon this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that as of October 28, 2023, the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports the Company files under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") rules and forms, and that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
From time to time adoption of new accounting pronouncements, major organizational restructuring and realignment occurs for which the Company reviews its internal control over financial reporting. As a result of this review, there were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company's most recently completed fiscal quarter that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings.
The Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various proceedings that are incidental to the normal course of their businesses. As of the date of this report, the Company does not expect that any of such proceedings will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
Item 1A.    Risk Factors.
There have been no material changes to the Risk Factors described in Part I, Item 1A."Risk Factors" in the Company's 2022 Form 10-K.
Item 5.    Other Information.
Forward-Looking Statements
This report and other reports, statements and information previously or subsequently filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission contain or may contain forward-looking statements. Such statements are based upon the beliefs and assumptions of, and on information available to, the management of the Company at the time such statements are made. The following are or may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: (i) statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words "may," "will," "could," "should," "believe," "expect," "future," "potential," "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "think," "estimate" or "continue" or the negative or other variations thereof and (ii) statements regarding matters that are not historical facts. Such forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including risks and uncertainties relating to:
the possible invalidity of the underlying beliefs and assumptions;
the Company's ability to successfully execute against its five growth vectors, including the ability to realize the anticipated benefits associated with the strategy;
the success of the Company's operational decisions, including product sourcing, merchandise mix and pricing, and marketing and strategic initiatives, such as growing its digital channels, expanding the Company's off-mall store presence and modernizing its technology and supply chain infrastructures;
general consumer shopping behaviors and spending levels, including the shift of consumer spending to digital channels, the impact of changes in general economic conditions, consumer disposable income levels, consumer confidence levels, the availability, cost and level of consumer debt, and the costs of basic necessities and other goods;
competitive pressures from department stores, specialty stores, general merchandise stores, manufacturers' outlets and websites, off-price and discount stores, and all other retail channels, including digitally-native retailers, social media and catalogs;
the Company's ability to remain competitive and relevant as consumers' shopping behaviors continue to migrate to digital shopping channels and other shopping channels and to maintain its brand image and reputation;
possible systems failures and/or security breaches or other types of cybercrimes or cybersecurity attacks, including any security breach that results in the theft, transfer or unauthorized disclosure of customer, employee or company information, or the failure to comply with various laws applicable to the Company in the event of such a breach;
the cost of colleague benefits as well as attracting and retaining quality colleagues;
transactions and strategy involving the Company's real estate portfolio;
the seasonal nature of the Company's business;
declines in the Company's credit card revenues;
the effects of weather and natural disasters, including the impact of climate change, and health pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, on the Company's business, including the ability to open stores, customer demand and its supply chain, as well as our consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows;
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conditions to, or changes in the timing of, proposed transactions and changes in expected synergies, cost savings and non-recurring charges;
the potential for the incurrence of charges in connection with the impairment of tangible and intangible assets, including goodwill;
possible changes or developments in social, economic, business, industry, market, legal and regulatory circumstances and conditions, including supply chain disruptions, inventory shortage, labor shortages, wage pressures and rising inflation, and their related impact on costs;
possible actions taken or omitted to be taken by third parties, including customers, suppliers, business partners, competitors, banks and other financial institutions, and legislative, regulatory, judicial and other governmental authorities and officials;
changes in relationships with vendors and other product and service providers;
our level of indebtedness;
currency, interest and exchange rates and other capital market, economic and geo-political conditions;
unstable political conditions, civil unrest, terrorist activities and armed conflicts, including the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and the Israel-Hamas war;
the possible inability of the Company's manufacturers or transporters to deliver products in a timely manner or meet the Company's quality standards;
the Company's reliance on foreign sources of production, including risks related to the disruption of imports by labor disputes, regional and global health pandemics, and regional political and economic conditions;
duties, taxes, other charges and quotas on imports;
labor shortages
the amount and timing of future dividends and share repurchases; and
the Company's ability to execute on its strategies or achieve expectations related to environmental, social, and governance matters.
In addition to any risks and uncertainties specifically identified in the text surrounding such forward-looking statements, the statements in the immediately preceding sentence and the statements under captions such as "Risk Factors" in reports, statements and information filed by the Company with the SEC from time to time constitute cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual amounts, results, events and circumstances to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by such forward-looking statements.
Trading Arrangements
None of the Company's directors or "officers" (as defined in Rule 16a-1(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act) adopted, modified, or terminated a "Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement" or a "non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement," as each term is defined in Item 408 of Regulation S-K, during the Company's fiscal quarter ended October 28, 2023.
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Item 6.    Exhibits.
22
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101
The following financial statements from Macy's, Inc.'s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended October 28, 2023, filed on November 27, 2023, formatted in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Statements of Income, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iii) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iv) Consolidated of Changes in Shareholders' Equity, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (vi) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requ