10-Q 1 q22017spls10-q072917.htm SPLS 10-Q 07.29.2017 Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark one)
 
x  Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended:  July 29, 2017

or
 
o Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the transition period from                                to                              
 
Commission File Number:  0-17586
 
STAPLES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
stapleslogonew.jpg
04-2896127
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)
 Five Hundred Staples Drive, Framingham, MA  01702
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
 
508-253-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o 





Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes o  No x
 
The registrant had 656,713,321 shares of common stock outstanding as of August 22, 2017.



STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
July 29, 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


1


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
Item 1. Financial Statements 
STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollar Amounts in Millions, Except Share Data) (Unaudited)
 
July 29, 2017
 
January 28, 2017
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,199

 
$
1,137

Receivables, net
1,342

 
1,337

Merchandise inventories, net
1,870

 
1,644

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
189

 
236

Current assets of discontinued operations
154

 
912

Total current assets
4,754

 
5,266

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
1,057

 
1,121

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization
163

 
181

Goodwill
1,294

 
1,290

Other assets
398

 
401

Noncurrent assets of discontinued operations

 
12

Total assets
$
7,666

 
$
8,271

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
1,732

 
$
1,528

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
941

 
974

Debt maturing within one year
524

 
519

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
119

 
636

Total current liabilities
3,316

 
3,657

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
524

 
528

Other long-term obligations
431

 
390

 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued

 

Common stock, $.0006 par value, 2,100,000,000 shares authorized; issued and outstanding 957,954,510 and 656,713,321 at July 29, 2017 and 953,711,270 and 652,470,081 shares at January 28, 2017
1

 
1

Additional paid-in capital
5,102

 
5,067

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(471
)
 
(1,053
)
Retained earnings
4,174

 
5,092

Less: Treasury stock at cost, 301,241,189 shares at July 29, 2017 and January 28, 2017
(5,419
)
 
(5,419
)
Total Staples, Inc. stockholders’ equity
3,387

 
3,688

Noncontrolling interests
8

 
8

Total stockholders’ equity
3,395

 
3,696

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
7,666

 
$
8,271

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Dollar Amounts in Millions, Except Per Share Data) (Unaudited)
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29,
2017
 
July 30,
2016
 
July 29,
2017
 
July 30,
2016
Sales
$
3,905

 
$
4,032

 
$
8,055

 
$
8,394

Cost of goods sold and occupancy costs
2,908

 
3,007

 
5,979

 
6,257

Gross profit
997

 
1,025

 
2,076

 
2,137

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
881

 
900

 
1,779

 
1,836

Merger termination fee

 
250

 

 
250

Impairment of long-lived assets
1

 
15

 
3

 
15

Restructuring charges
2

 
1

 
6

 
12

Amortization of intangibles
11

 
10

 
21

 
20

Total operating expenses
895

 
1,176

 
1,809

 
2,133

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) on sale of businesses and assets, net
4

 
(16
)
 
3

 
(49
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss)
106


(167
)

270


(45
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Interest income
2

 
1

 
3

 
3

Interest expense
(10
)
 
(18
)
 
(21
)
 
(60
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
(26
)
 

 
(26
)
Other income, net
4

 
5

 
8

 
8

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
102

 
(205
)
 
260

 
(120
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
39

 
(98
)
 
92

 
(73
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
63

 
(107
)
 
168

 
(47
)
Discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pretax loss of discontinued operations
(8
)
 
(658
)
 
(12
)
 
(674
)
Loss recognized on classification as held for sale

 

 
(5
)
 

Loss on sale

 

 
(908
)
 

Total pretax loss of discontinued operations
(8
)
 
(658
)
 
(925
)
 
(674
)
Income tax expense

 
1

 
3

 
4

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
(8
)
 
(659
)
 
(928
)
 
(678
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
55

 
$
(766
)
 
$
(760
)
 
$
(725
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.10

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.26

 
$
(0.07
)
Discontinued operations
(0.02
)
 
(1.01
)
 
(1.42
)
 
(1.05
)
Consolidated operations
$
0.08

 
$
(1.18
)
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(1.12
)
Diluted Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.10

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.26

 
$
(0.07
)
Discontinued operations
(0.02
)
 
(1.01
)
 
(1.41
)
 
(1.05
)
Consolidated operations
$
0.08

 
$
(1.18
)
 
$
(1.15
)
 
$
(1.12
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
$
0.12

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.24

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
81

 
$
(852
)
 
$
(178
)
 
$
(677
)
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollar Amounts in Millions) (Unaudited)
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
Operating Activities:
 

 
 

Net loss
$
(760
)
 
$
(725
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
155

 
193

Amortization of intangibles
21

 
30

Loss on sale of businesses and assets, net
904

 
49

Interest and fees paid from restricted cash account, net

 
66

Impairment of goodwill and long-lived assets
11

 
660

Stock-based compensation
24

 
33

Deferred income tax expense
14

 
18

Other
7

 
4

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in receivables
(17
)
 
57

Increase in merchandise inventories
(215
)
 
(196
)
Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets

 
(132
)
Increase in accounts payable
194

 
155

Decrease in accrued expenses and other liabilities
(63
)
 
(218
)
Increase (decrease) in other long-term obligations
4

 
(5
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
279

 
(11
)
 
 
 
 
Investing Activities:
 

 
 

Acquisition of property and equipment
(89
)
 
(102
)
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment
23

 

Sale of businesses, net
6

 
83

Increase in restricted cash

 
(66
)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
(7
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(67
)
 
(85
)
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from the sale of stock under employee stock purchase plans
13

 
16

Proceeds from borrowings
7

 
182

Payments on borrowings, including payment of deferred financing fees and capital lease obligations
(8
)
 
(190
)
Proceeds from issuance of commercial paper, net of repayments

 
188

Cash dividends paid
(157
)
 
(155
)
Repurchase of common stock
(3
)
 
(12
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(148
)
 
29

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(2
)
 
17

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
62

 
(50
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,137

 
825

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period
$
1,199

 
$
775

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
Note A — Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Staples, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Staples” or “the Company”). All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  These financial statements are for the period covering the 13 and 26 weeks ended July 29, 2017 (also referred to as the “second quarter of 2017" and "first half of 2017") and the period covering the 13 and 26 weeks ended July 30, 2016 (also referred to as the “second quarter of 2016” and "first half of 2016").

These financial statements have been prepared based upon Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules that permit reduced disclosure for interim periods.  In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary to present fairly the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented.  For a more complete discussion of significant accounting policies and certain other information, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2017 ("Annual Report"). 

Beginning in the first quarter of 2017, the Company has presented its operations in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, and South America as discontinued operations in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company presented its European operations as discontinued operations. See Note F - Discontinued Operations for further information.
    
The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year. Our business is somewhat seasonal, with sales and profitability historically higher during the second half of our fiscal year due to the back-to-school, holiday and January back-to-business seasons.

Note BRecent Accounting Pronouncements

In the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted a pronouncement that aims to simplify several aspects of accounting and reporting for share-based payment transactions. One provision within this pronouncement requires that excess income tax benefits and tax deficiencies related to share-based payments be recognized within income tax expense in the statement of income, rather than within additional paid-in capital on the balance sheet. This adoption of this provision is to be applied prospectively. The impact to the Company's results of operations related to this provision in the second quarter and first half of 2017 was an increase in the provision for income taxes of $5 million and $8 million, respectively. The impact of this provision on the Company's future results of operations will depend in part on the market prices for the Company's shares on the dates there are taxable events related to share awards, and therefore the impact is difficult to predict. In connection with another provision within this pronouncement, the Company has elected to account for forfeitures as they occur rather than estimate expected forfeitures, with the change being applied on a modified retrospective basis that resulted in a cumulative effect reduction to retained earnings of approximately $2 million as of January 28, 2017. The Company does not expect that the other provisions within the pronouncement will have a material impact on its financial statements.
In the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted a pronouncement that aims to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. This pronouncement stipulates that an entity should perform a goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, and will recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, with the loss recognized not exceeding the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The amendments in this pronouncement are to be applied on a prospective basis. The Company does not expect this pronouncement will have a material impact on its financial statements.

In May 2014, a pronouncement was issued that creates common revenue recognition guidance for U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. The new guidance supersedes most preexisting revenue recognition guidance. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, with an option to adopt the standard one year earlier. Staples intends to adopt the new guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The new standard is to be applied either retrospectively to each period presented or using a modified retrospective approach that incorporates a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company plans to adopt the pronouncement using the modified retrospective approach, which will be applied to all contracts except those which have been

5

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



completed at the time of adoption. The Company’s current analysis indicates that the most significant effects of the new standard include:

For certain arrangements the Company may change from being considered the principal party in the transaction to being considered an agent, in which case it would recognize revenue on a net rather than gross basis.
For certain arrangements the timing of revenue recognition may change, including arrangements for which the Company may shift from point in time to overtime revenue recognition. Examples of arrangements where such changes may occur include the sale of promotional products and furniture installation projects.
The Company currently accounts for its Rewards loyalty program by accruing a liability equal to the incremental cost of fulfilling its obligations to program participants. Under the new standard, the Company will defer revenue at the time Rewards are earned using a relative fair value approach.

The Company continues to assess the impact of adopting this new pronouncement, including quantifying the impact of the changes identified to date. Additional areas of change may be identified prior to the date of adoption.

In February 2016, a pronouncement was issued that creates new accounting and reporting guidelines for leasing arrangements. The new guidance requires organizations that lease assets to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet related to the rights and obligations created by those leases, regardless of whether they are classified as finance or operating leases. Consistent with current guidance, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. The guidance also requires new disclosures to help financial statement users better understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early application permitted. The new standard is to be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new pronouncement on its financial statements. Based on its preliminary assessment, upon adoption the Company expects to recognize significant right-to-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on its balance sheet related to leased facilities.



Note C - Acquisition by Funds Managed by Sycamore Partners
On June 28, 2017, Staples entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) with Arch Parent Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Parent”), and Arch Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Parent (the “Merger Sub”).  The Parent and the Merger Sub are beneficially owned by funds managed by Sycamore Partners Management, L.P. (collectively, the “Sponsor”).  The Merger Agreement provides, subject to its terms and conditions, for the acquisition of Staples by the Parent at a price of $10.25 per share of the Company’s common stock, in cash, through the merger of the Merger Sub with and into the Company (the “Merger”), with the Company surviving the Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Parent. 

Completion of the Merger is subject to the Company obtaining stockholder approval and other customary closing conditions. The Company will hold a stockholders meeting on September 6, 2017 to submit the Merger Agreement to its stockholders for their consideration. On July 26, 2017, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission granted early termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the “HSR Act”) with respect to the pending Merger. The termination of the waiting period satisfies one of the conditions to the closing, which remains subject to other customary closing conditions.

The Merger Agreement provides that equity awards which do not automatically vest on or before the closing date will automatically be canceled and converted into the contingent right to receive an amount in cash equal to $10.25 per underlying share (determined assuming target performance in the case of performance share awards) on the earlier of (i) the date on which the original vesting conditions applicable to the award (taking into account any accelerated vesting provisions to which the award is subject) are satisfied or (ii) 180 days following the closing date, subject, in each case, to the grantee’s continuous service to the Company as an employee or consultant through the applicable vesting date; provided that, with respect to performance share awards held by current employees (determined as of immediately prior to the effective time), payment will be made no later than March 15 of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the closing occurs. In addition, with respect to performance share awards held by former employees, payments will be made promptly following the closing date (with the number of shares underlying the award pro-rated in accordance with the applicable award agreement), and with respect to restricted stock units that were granted in July 2017, payments will be made on the earlier of (i) the date on which the original vesting conditions applicable to the award (taking into account any accelerated vesting provisions to which the award is subject) are satisfied and (ii) the date that is the last day of the tenth month following the closing date.  Because the current exercise price per share of each outstanding

6

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



Company stock option is equal to or greater than the $10.25 per share Merger consideration, all Company stock options will be canceled, without payment of any consideration therefor, and will have no further force or effect. The Company currently estimates a total of $113 million of consideration will be paid for approximately 11 million shares underlying equity awards.  See Note K - Equity Based Employee Benefit Plans for more information.
    
The Merger Agreement includes customary termination provisions. If the Merger Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances specified in the Merger Agreement, the Company will be required to pay the Parent a termination fee of $171 million (including under specified circumstances in connection with the Company’s entry into an agreement with respect to a superior proposal) or reimburse certain Parent expenses up to $15 million. The Merger Agreement also provides that the Parent will be required to pay the Company a termination fee of $343 million or reimburse certain Company expenses under certain specified circumstances set forth in the Merger Agreement. The Sponsor and certain co-investors have provided Staples with a limited guarantee in favor of the Company guaranteeing Parent’s obligations to pay the reverse termination fee and certain other reimbursement obligations of the Parent and the Merger Sub pursuant to the Merger Agreement.

In connection with the pending transaction, the Company has agreed to suspend the payment of its regular quarterly dividend. Also in connection with the pending transaction, the Company has suspended its employee stock purchase plan effective July 1, 2017, and plans to terminate the plan immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger.

In the second quarter of 2017, in connection with the Merger the Company incurred expenses of approximately $10 million related to professional fees.

Transaction financing

     The Parent expects to fund the purchase price through a combination of equity and debt financing. The Parent has obtained commitments for $6 billion of debt financing consisting of a combination of a senior secured first lien term loan facility, asset-based revolving credit facilities, and a senior unsecured bridge facility. The proceeds of the debt financing are expected to be used to finance, in part, the Merger, repay existing indebtedness, pay related fees and expenses, and for ongoing working capital requirements, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes. The debt financing is conditioned upon consummation of the Merger, as well as other customary conditions. The asset-based revolving credit facilities would replace the Company's existing $1.0 billion revolving credit facility. The Company's existing revolving credit facility will remain in place if the transaction is not completed.

Existing debt

The Company has previously issued 2.75% senior notes in an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $500 million due January 2018 (the "January 2018 Notes"), and 4.375% senior notes in an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $500 million due January 2023 (the "January 2023 Notes"). In connection with the Merger, and at the request of the Parent, the Company a) intends to redeem the January 2018 Notes upon the consummation of the Merger, and b) has commenced a tender offer and consent solicitation for the January 2023 Notes, the completion of which is contingent upon customary conditions, including the closing of the Merger. On August 18, 2017, the Company received the requisite consents to amend the change of control provisions in its January 2023 Notes such that the transaction will not be deemed a change of control. The planned redemptions and repurchases would be funded by a combination of cash on-hand and proceeds from the new financings noted above.

Note DStrategic Initiatives, Restructuring and Related Charges
Restructuring Initiatives Related to Staples 20/20 Strategic Plan    
In May 2016 the Company announced a strategic plan ("20/20 Plan") under which it plans to:
accelerate mid-market growth
increase its focus on growth categories, referred to by the Company as "Pro Categories", which include janitorial and sanitation supplies, breakroom products, business machines, computers and accessories, print and promotional materials, shipping and packing supplies, and other products beyond core office supplies
preserve profitability and rationalize excess capacity in its North American Retail stores
drive profit improvement and cost reduction across the company
narrow its geographic focus to North America

7

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



In connection with the 20/20 Plan, the Company also announced a new multi-year cost savings plan which is expected to generate approximately $300 million of annualized pre-tax cost savings by the end of 2018, primarily by reducing end-to-end product costs, continuing to evolve promotional strategies, increasing the mix of Staples Brand products, driving savings in supply chain, eliminating fixed costs in retail stores, and generating additional efficiency savings across the entire organization.
In connection with its plan to preserve profitability in its North American retail stores, the Company expects to close approximately 70 North American retail stores in 2017. Pursuant to this plan the Company has closed 33 stores through the second quarter of 2017. The Company does not expect to incur material charges in 2017 related to these closures. The Company expects to incur charges in 2017 and beyond related to other initiatives under the 20/20 Plan. The nature and timing of such charges will depend upon the actions that are taken, and cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
In the second quarter of 2017, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $3 million for severance benefits associated with efforts to reorganize the business to support the new business strategy. These charges primarily relate to the North American Delivery segment.
In connection with the 20/20 Plan, in the first half of 2017 the Company recorded restructuring charges of $2 million primarily related to the closure of retail stores in the U.S. and exiting certain contractual vendor arrangements. These charges primarily relate to the North American Retail segment.
The table below shows a reconciliation of the beginning and ending liability balances related to continuing operations for each major type of cost associated with the 20/20 Plan (in millions):
 
 
20/20 Plan
 
 
Employee-Related
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Other
 
Total
Accrued restructuring balance as of January 28, 2017
 
$
20

 
$

 
$

 
$
20

Charges
 
3

 
1

 
1

 
5

Cash payments
 
(12
)
 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(14
)
Accrued restructuring balance as of July 29, 2017
 
$
11

 
$

 
$

 
$
11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Of the $11 million restructuring liability accrued, $10 million is included within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities and the remaining balance is included within Other long-term obligations on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at July 29, 2017. The Company expects that payments related to these liabilities will be substantially completed by the end of 2018.
In the second quarter of 2016, the Company incurred charges of $5 million for severance and related benefits related to the termination of the Company's previous chief executive officer, and charges of $6 million related to exiting certain product categories in its North American retail stores, of which $4 million is included in Cost of goods sold and occupancy costs and $2 million is included in Impairment of long-lived assets.
    
2014 Restructuring Plan
In 2014 the Company announced a plan to close at least 225 retail stores in North America. Pursuant to this plan, the Company closed 290 stores from 2014 to 2016.
In addition, in 2014 the Company initiated a cost savings plan to generate annualized pre-tax savings of approximately $500 million by the end of fiscal 2015.  The Company reinvested some of the savings in its strategic initiatives.
The actions taken related to the $500 million cost savings plan, together with the actions taken related to the store closure Plan, are referred to as the "2014 Plan". This plan is substantially complete.

8

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



During the second quarter and first half of 2017, the Company recorded restructuring charges of approximately $1 million and $4 million, respectively, primarily related to ongoing expenses associated with closed retail stores. These charges relate to the North American Retail segment. Also during the second quarter of 2017, the Company recorded an adjustment to reduce the liability for contractual obligations by $3 million as a result of the execution of lease terminations and changes in sublease estimates.
The table below shows a reconciliation of the beginning and ending liability balances for each major type of cost associated with the 2014 Restructuring Plan (in millions):
 
 
2014 Plan
 
 
Employee-Related
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Other
 
Total
Accrued restructuring balance as of January 28, 2017
 
$
6

 
$
48

 
$

 
$
54

Charges
 

 

 
4

 
4

Adjustments
 

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Cash payments
 
(2
)
 
(14
)
 
(2
)
 
(18
)
Accrued restructuring balance as of July 29, 2017
 
$
4

 
$
31

 
$
2

 
$
37


In addition to the contractual obligations shown in the table above, the Company also has a related liability of $15 million and $12 million recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 29, 2017 and January 28, 2017, which primarily represents amounts previously accrued to reflect rent expense on a straight-line basis for leased properties which the Company has now ceased using.

For the restructuring liabilities associated with the 2014 Restructuring Plan, $18 million of contractual obligations are included within Other long-term obligations and the remaining balances are included within Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet as of July 29, 2017. The Company expects that payments related to employee related liabilities associated with the 2014 Plan will be substantially completed by the end of fiscal year 2017. The Company anticipates that payments related to facility lease obligations will be completed by the end of fiscal year 2026.

During the second quarter and first half of 2016, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $4 million and $14 million, respectively, related to the 2014 Restructuring Plan, primarily related to lease obligations for closed retail stores. These charges relate to the Company's North American Retail segment. During the first half of 2016, the Company also recorded adjustments to reduce the employee-related liabilities by $5 million due to changes in estimates, and to reduce liabilities for contractual obligations by $4 million primarily as a result of lease termination agreements executed during the period.

Note EImpairment of Long-Lived Assets

In the second quarter and first half of 2017, the Company recorded long-lived asset impairment charges of $1 million and $3 million, respectively. These charges primarily relate to the closure of retail stores in the U.S.    

In the second quarter of 2016 the Company recorded long-lived asset impairment charges of $3 million related to closing store locations. Also in the second quarter of 2016, the Company recorded long-lived asset impairment charges of $12 million related to fixed assets at North American retail stores that were not yet identified for closure. The Company determined the carrying values of these assets were not recoverable from future cash flows, primarily as a result of declining sales.

The impairment charges were based on measurements of the fair value of the impaired assets derived using the income and market approaches. The measurements determined using the income approach incorporated Level 3 inputs as defined in ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. The Company considered the expected net cash flows to be generated by the use of the assets, as well as the expected cash proceeds from the disposition of the assets, if any.

Note F - Discontinued Operations

In 2016 the Company announced its Staples 20/20 strategic plan, under which the Company plans to focus on growth opportunities in North America. In connection with this plan, in the fourth quarter of 2016 the Company disposed of its retail business in the United Kingdom and entered into an agreement to sell a controlling interest in its remaining European operations. The Company closed on the sale of this controlling interest on February 27, 2017. Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2016, the

9

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



Company presented its combined European operations as discontinued operations in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In the first quarter of 2017, in connection with the Staples 20/20 plan the Company completed the sale of its operations in Australia and New Zealand, and pursued the sale of the Company’s operations in Asia and South America. The Company expects to complete a sale of its Asian and South American operations within the next twelve months. The operations in Asia and South America are classified as held for sale at July 29, 2017.

Beginning in the first quarter of 2017, the Company has presented its operations in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, and South America as discontinued operations. These operations, together with the European operations, comprised the Company’s former International Operations segment.

Sale of controlling interest in European Operations

On February 27, 2017 Staples completed the sale of a controlling interest in its European operations to an affiliate of Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. (“Cerberus”). Per the terms of the share purchase agreement, Cerberus acquired 85% of the common shares and 100% of the preferred shares in the Company's subsidiary holding the European operations for total consideration of €50 million ($53 million). Staples has retained 15% of the common shares, which the Company accounts for using the cost method of accounting. The Company determined that the fair value of its retained interest is not material. The Company used a market Back-Solve approach utilizing an option pricing model to assess the fair value of its retained investment.

In accordance with the terms of the share purchase agreement ("SPA"), upon completion of the transaction Staples delivered the European operations with €166 million ($176 million) related to a preliminary estimate of the requisite unrestricted cash, which is equal to (i) €20 million, plus (ii) €146 million relating to indebtedness, underfunded pension liabilities, working capital, and certain other adjustments, plus an additional €6 million ($7 million) related to other obligations outlined in the SPA. The preliminary estimate of the unrestricted cash amount is subject to adjustment based on finalization of the completion accounts. The parties to the transaction are currently disputing the final amount of unrestricted cash. The final unrestricted cash amount, once determined, may vary significantly from the preliminary estimate.

Per the terms of the SPA, the Company has indemnified the Buyer for any losses incurred related to income taxes relating to periods prior to closing, and for any losses incurred related to certain legal matters. At the time of closing, the Company recorded a liability of approximately $26 million related to the fair value of the indemnification obligations.

Following the closing, Staples is providing certain customary transitional services during a period of up to 36 months, and is partnering with the disposed operations on managing certain global customer accounts. Commercial transactions between the parties following the closing of the transaction are not expected to be significant.

In the first quarter of 2017, the Company recorded a loss of $907 million related to the sale of this controlling interest. The loss includes $242 million related to the release of cumulative foreign currency translation losses and $290 million related to the write-off of deferred pension costs, both of which were recorded as components of accumulated other comprehensive loss.

Sale of operations in Australia and New Zealand

On March 10, 2017, Staples entered into a share purchase agreement pursuant to which Platinum Equity (“Platinum”) agreed to purchase 100% of the outstanding shares related to the Company’s operations in Australia and New Zealand. The transaction was completed on April 28, 2017 (Eastern Daylight Time). The purchase consideration provides the divested business with the right to use the Corporate Express trade name in Australia and New Zealand.   Following a transition period, the divested operations will cease using the Staples trade name.

The purchase price was 200 million Australian dollars, subject to adjustment based on finalization of net working capital and net cash (“the Completion Accounts”). At the time of closing, the Company received cash proceeds of 205 million Australian dollars ($156 million), and recorded a receivable of 16 million Australian dollars ($12 million) representing the preliminary estimated amount of additional proceeds the Company expects to receive upon finalization of the Completion Accounts. Based on these preliminary proceeds, the Company recorded a loss on sale of $1 million in the first quarter of 2017. The loss reflects, in part, the release of $40 million of cumulative foreign currency translation losses that were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. Per the terms of the SPA, Staples had 90 days from the date of closing to finalize the Completion Accounts, and Platinum has up to 150 days following closing to provide notice of any dispute related to preparation of the Completion Accounts.
 

10

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



Following the closing, Staples is providing certain customary transitional services during a period of up to 18 months, and is partnering with the disposed operations on managing certain global customer accounts. Commercial transactions between the parties following the closing of the transaction are not expected to be significant.
    
Financial statement information

The table below provides a reconciliation of the carrying amounts of the major classes of assets and liabilities of the discontinued operations to the amounts presented separately in the consolidated balance sheets at July 29, 2017 and January 28, 2017. The balances at July 29, 2017 include only Asia and South America, as the Company’s operations in Europe, Australia and New Zealand had been disposed of prior to that date.

 
July 29, 2017
 
January 28, 2017
 
Receivables, net
$
109

 
$
495

 
Merchandise inventories
29

 
281

 
Property, plant and equipment
12

 
252

 
Intangible assets

 
29

 
Other assets
9

 
98

 
Loss recognized on classification as held for sale
(5
)
 
(231
)
 
Assets of discontinued operations
154

 
924

 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
97

 
352

 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
14

 
194

 
Other liabilities
8

 
90

 
Liabilities of discontinued operations
$
119

 
$
636

 
 
 
 
 
 


11

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



The following table provides the major classes of line items constituting the results of the discontinued operations during the first half of 2017 and the first half of 2016. The results of operations during the first half of 2017 include the results of the European operations through February 27, 2017 and Australian operations through April 29, 2017.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26 weeks ended
 
 
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016

 
Sales
 
$
471

 
$
1,459

 
Cost of goods sold and occupancy costs
 
384

 
1,119

 
Gross profit
 
87

 
340

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
 
92

 
360

 
Impairment of long-lived assets
 
4

 
645

 
Restructuring charges
 

 
(2
)
 
Amortization of intangibles
 
1

 
10

 
Total operating expenses
 
97

 
1,013

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating loss
 
(10
)
 
(673
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest and other, net
 
(2
)
 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pretax operating loss of discontinued operations
 
(12
)
 
(674
)
 
Loss recognized on classification as held for sale
 
(5
)
 

 
Loss on sale of discontinued operations
 
(908
)
 

 
Total pretax loss of discontinued operations
 
(925
)
 
(674
)
 
Income tax expense
 
3

 
4

 
Loss of discontinued operations
 
$
(928
)
 
$
(678
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The following table summarizes depreciation and capital expenditures for the discontinued operations for the first half of 2017 and the first half of 2016.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26 weeks ended
 
 
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
Depreciation
 
$
3

 
$
30

 
Acquisition of property & equipment
 
4

 
18

 


Note GSale of Businesses and Assets

In the second quarter of 2017, the Company sold a warehouse facility in Lebanon, PA for net proceeds of $8 million, and recognized a gain of $5 million.
    
In the first quarter of 2017, the Company sold a controlling interest in its European operations and 100% of the shares related to its operations in Australia and New Zealand. See Note F - Discontinued Operations for additional information related to these divestitures.
    
Also in the first quarter of 2017, the Company sold an administrative building in Broomfield, CO for a net $16 million, and recognized a loss on sale of $1 million.


12

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



During the first half of 2016, Staples sold substantially all of the assets and transferred certain liabilities related to its commercial printing solutions business (Staples Print Solutions, or “SPS”) for net cash proceeds of $85 million and recognized a loss of $48 million.    

Note HFair Value Measurements

ASC Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurement), then priority to quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market (Level 2 measurement), then the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurement).
 
The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses, other current liabilities and short-term debt approximate their carrying values because of their short-term nature.  The carrying values of the Company's capital lease and commercial paper obligations approximate fair value.

At July 29, 2017, the Company had derivative liabilities with an aggregate fair value of $5 million recorded in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values are classified as Level 2 measurements, and are based on quotes received from third-party banks. The fair values represent the estimated amount the Company would pay to terminate the agreements. See Note IDerivative Instruments and Hedging Activities for more information on these derivative instruments.

From time to time, the Company has investments in money market funds that are measured and recorded in the financial statements at fair value. The fair values are based on quotes received from third-party banks and are classified as Level 1 measurements. As of January 28, 2017, the fair value of these investments, which are classified as Cash and cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated balance sheet was $111 million. There were no money market investments as of July 29, 2017.

There are no other material assets or liabilities measured at fair value.

The following table shows the difference between the financial statement carrying value and fair value of the Company's publicly traded debt obligations as of July 29, 2017 and January 28, 2017 (in millions). The fair values of these notes were determined based on quoted market prices and are classified as Level 1 measurements.
 
July 29, 2017
 
January 28, 2017
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
January 2018 Notes
$
500

 
$
502

 
$
499

 
$
503

January 2023 Notes
497

 
506

 
497

 
509

 

Note IDerivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
From time to time, Staples uses derivative instruments to hedge certain financial exposures. The Company does not use derivatives for speculative purposes. The derivatives qualify for hedge accounting treatment if they are highly effective in offsetting the underlying exposures. All derivatives are recorded at fair value and the changes in fair value are immediately included in earnings if the derivatives do not qualify as effective hedges, or if a derivative has not been designated as a hedge for accounting purposes. The Company formally documents all hedging relationships for all derivatives, non-derivative hedges and the underlying hedged items, as well as its risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking the hedge transactions. There are no amounts excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness.
In the first quarter of 2017, the Company entered into foreign currency forwards with aggregate notional amounts of 170 million Canadian dollars that were designated as foreign currency hedges on Staples’ net investment in Canadian dollar denominated subsidiaries. In the second quarter of 2017, the Company settled forwards with a notional amount of 70 million Canadian dollars, realizing a gain of $1 million which was recorded as a foreign currency translation gain within other comprehensive income. For the forwards with a notional of 100 million Canadian dollars that remained outstanding at July 29, 2017, the Company recognized unrealized losses of $6 million and $5 million in the second quarter and first half of 2017, respectively, which were recorded as foreign currency translation losses within other comprehensive income. No amounts were included in the consolidated statements of income related to ineffectiveness associated with these net investment hedges. The forward agreements outstanding at July 29, 2017 are expected to be fully settled by September 2017.


13

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



In the first quarter of 2017, the Company entered into foreign currency forwards with aggregate notional amounts of 70 million Australian dollars that were not designated as hedges for accounting purposes. Upon settlement of these forward agreements in May 2017, the Company recognized a realized gain of $1 million. The gain is included in Pretax loss of discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of income.

Note JTermination of Merger Agreement with Office Depot

On May 16, 2016, Staples and Office Depot terminated their previously announced merger agreement. In the first half of 2016, the Company incurred expenses of $24 million in connection with the proposed transaction, primarily related to professional services associated with seeking regulatory clearances. Of this amount, $21 million is included in selling, general and administrative expense and $3 million is included in discontinued operations in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income for the first half of 2016. As a result of the termination, per the terms of the merger agreement, on May 19, 2016 Staples paid Office Depot a $250 million break-up fee.

In the first half of 2016, the Company paid $156 million of interest and fees related to transaction financing arrangements. Of this amount, $91 million was accrued in 2015; $7 million and $39 million were recorded as interest expense in the second quarter and first half of 2016, respectively; and $26 million was recorded as a loss on early extinguishment of debt in the second quarter of 2016, related to the acceleration of the unamortized balances of the $25 million original issue discount ("OID") and $2 million of deferred financing costs related to the term loan. The Company also earned $2 million of interest income on the amounts held in escrow.

In addition, during the first half of 2016 the Company made cash payments totaling $66 million into the escrow accounts, representing deposits for the 1.0% OID and for the monthly interest payments related to the term loan. These amounts are included in Increase in restricted cash within the Investing Activities section of the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the first half of 2016. Of the $156 million of total interest and fees paid during the first half of 2016:

$68 million was paid directly from the escrow accounts to the lenders (representing the $66 million paid into escrow plus the $2 million of interest income earned on the funds held therein). Because these payments were made directly from escrow, they are considered non-cash operating activities that are not reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
$88 million was paid from Staples unrestricted cash accounts. This amount is reflected in the Operating activities section of the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the first half of 2016.


14

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



Note KEquity Based Employee Benefit Plans
 
Staples offers its associates share ownership through certain equity-based employee compensation and benefit plans. In connection with these plans, Staples recognized $13 million and $24 million in compensation expense for the second quarter and first half of 2017, respectively. Of the $24 million recorded in the first half of 2017, $26 million is included in continuing operations and a forfeiture adjustment of $2 million is included in discontinued operations.

The Company recognized $15 million and $33 million in compensation expense for the second quarter and first half of 2016, respectively. Of the amounts recorded in the second quarter and first half of 2016, $14 million and $31 million were included in continuing operations, respectively, and $1 million and $2 million were included in discontinued operations, respectively.
    
Under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, the Company may grant restricted stock and restricted stock units (collectively, “Restricted Shares”) and non-qualified stock options to associates. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement (see Note C - Acquisition by Funds Managed by Sycamore Partners), following the restricted stock unit grants made on July 3, 2017, the Company is restricted from making additional grants under the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan or otherwise until the earlier to occur of the effective time of the Merger and the termination of the Merger Agreement.

As of July 29, 2017, Staples had $74 million of unamortized stock compensation expense associated with these plans which is scheduled to be expensed over the period through June 2020.  See Note C - Acquisition by Funds Managed by Sycamore Partners for information related to how the proposed Merger would impact unvested share-based payment awards.

Restricted shares
The following table summarizes the activity during the first half of 2017 related to Restricted Shares:
 
 
Restricted Shares (1)
 
 
Number of Shares (Millions)
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
Outstanding at January 28, 2017
 
9

 
$
10.04

Granted
 
2

 
9.00

Vested
 
(3
)
 
10.22

Canceled
 
(1
)
 
10.29

Outstanding at July 29, 2017
 
7

 
$
9.54


(1)
Excludes performance share awards.

15

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




Performance shares

The Company has entered into performance share arrangements with certain executives. Each arrangement covers a three year performance period. Payout under these arrangements may range from 25% to 200% of target for each performance metric, depending on actual performance. Any award earned based on performance achieved may be increased or decreased by 25% if the Company's cumulative total shareholder return ("TSR") over the three year performance period is in the top or bottom one-third of the S&P 500 TSR, respectively. Shares earned, if any, will be issued on a fully-vested basis at the conclusion of the three-year performance period only if the grantee is still actively employed by or serving as a consultant to the Company at that time, with certain exceptions for retirement, death, disability, and termination without cause.
For the arrangements entered into in March 2017, vesting is based on cumulative performance over a three year period comprising fiscal years 2017 to 2019, and is based on achieving certain sales growth targets in the North American Delivery segment, certain earnings per share targets and achieving certain return on net assets percentage targets. As of July 29, 2017, the aggregate target number of shares for this award is 1.9 million, net of forfeitures, with a grant-date fair value of $14 million.
For the arrangements entered into in April 2016, vesting is based on cumulative performance over a three year period comprising fiscal years 2016 to 2018, and is 50% based on achieving certain operating income growth targets and 50% based on achieving certain return on net assets percentage targets. As of July 29, 2017, the aggregate target number of shares for this award is 0.8 million, net of forfeitures, with a grant-date fair value of $8 million.
For the arrangements entered into in March of 2014 and March of 2015, vesting is based on performance achieved in each fiscal year, with metrics established at the beginning of each year, and is 50% based on satisfaction of certain sales growth metrics and 50% based on achievement of certain return on net assets percentage targets. The following summarizes activity related to these awards during the first half of 2017:
March 2014 award: Upon completion of the three-year performance period, in March 2017 a total of 0.9 million shares were issued on a fully vested basis, which reflects a 25% reduction related to the TSR multiplier.
March 2015 awards: For the tranches related to the fiscal 2017 performance period, the aggregate target number of shares is 0.2 million with a grant date fair value of $1 million, net of forfeitures, as of July 29, 2017.
Stock options
No stock options were granted or exercised during first half of 2017.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

Staples offers its associates the opportunity for share ownership pursuant to the Amended and Restated Employee Stock Purchase Plan. During first half of 2017 and 2016, the Company issued 1.6 million shares and 2.1 million shares, respectively, pursuant to this plan. In connection with the Merger Agreement, the Company has suspended its employee stock purchase plan, effective as of July 1, 2017.

Note LStockholders' Equity

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The following table details the changes in Accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCL") for first half of 2017 (in millions):
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Deferred Benefit Costs
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at January 28, 2017
 
$
(761
)
 
$
(292
)
 
$
(1,053
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
10

 

 
10

Reclassification adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Divestiture of businesses (net of taxes of $12)
 
282

 
290

 
572

Balance at July 29, 2017
 
$
(469
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(471
)

16

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)




See Note F - Discontinued Operations for information related to the changes in AOCL that relate to the divestiture of businesses.

    
    
Note MComputation of Earnings per Common Share
 
The computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the second quarter and first half of 2017 and 2016 is as follows (in millions, except per share data):
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
63

 
$
(107
)
 
$
168

 
$
(47
)
 Loss from discontinued operations
(8
)
 
(659
)
 
(928
)
 
(678
)
Net income (loss)
$
55

 
$
(766
)
 
$
(760
)
 
$
(725
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
655

 
648

 
654

 
647

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted shares (including performance-based awards)
5

 

 
4

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution
660

 
648

 
658

 
647

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.10

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.26

 
$
(0.07
)
Discontinued operations
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(1.01
)
 
$
(1.42
)
 
$
(1.05
)
Consolidated operations
$
0.08

 
$
(1.18
)
 
$
(1.16
)
 
$
(1.12
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.10

 
$
(0.17
)
 
$
0.26

 
$
(0.07
)
Discontinued operations
$
(0.02
)
 
$
(1.01
)
 
$
(1.41
)
 
$
(1.05
)
Consolidated operations
$
0.08

 
$
(1.18
)
 
$
(1.15
)
 
$
(1.12
)
 
    
For the second quarter and first half of 2017, approximately 13 million and 26 million equity instruments, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. For the second quarter and first half of 2016, approximately 31 million and 34 million equity instruments, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

17

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)





Note NSegment Reporting
     
Staples has two reportable segments: North American Delivery and North American Retail.

The following is a summary of sales and business unit income by reportable segment and a reconciliation of business unit income to income from continuing operations before income taxes for the second quarter and first half of 2017 and 2016 (in millions):
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
Sales
North American Delivery
$
2,547


$
2,588


$
5,182


$
5,300

North American Retail
1,358


1,444

 
2,873

 
3,094

Total sales
$
3,905


$
4,032


$
8,055


$
8,394

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business Unit Income (Loss)
North American Delivery
$
138


$
164


$
274


$
323

North American Retail
(4
)

(8
)

50


41

Business unit income
134


156


324


364

Unallocated expense, net (1)
(18
)

(20
)

(36
)

(40
)
Merger-related costs


(250
)



(272
)
Impairment of long-lived assets
(1
)

(15
)

(3
)

(15
)
Litigation costs

 
(16
)
 

 
(16
)
Restructuring charges and costs related to strategic plans
(13
)

(6
)

(18
)

(17
)
Gain (loss) related to sale of businesses and assets, net
4


(16
)

3


(49
)
Interest and other expense, net
(4
)

(12
)

(10
)

(49
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt


(26
)



(26
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
$
102


$
(205
)

$
260


$
(120
)

(1) Unallocated expense includes stock-based compensation, income or loss associated with the Company's supplemental executive retirement plan, and certain expenses that were previously allocated to the Company's international businesses.

Note OCommitments and Contingencies

From time to time, the Company is involved in litigation arising from the operation of its business that is considered routine and incidental to its business. The Company estimates exposures and establishes reserves for amounts that are probable and can be reasonably estimated. However, litigation is inherently unpredictable and the outcome of legal proceedings and other contingencies could be unexpected or differ from the Company’s reserves. The Company does not believe it is reasonably possible that a loss in excess of the amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements as of July 29, 2017 would have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. For information related to specific contingent losses, see Note I in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company's 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the updates provided below.

On June 20, 2017, the Amsterdam Court of Appeal issued a ruling confirming the ruling of the Amsterdam District Court in the previously announced litigation related to the sale of the Company’s European Printing Systems Division, rejecting the purchaser’s claims in their entirety and awarding costs to the Company. The purchaser has not to date filed an appeal with the Supreme Court of the Netherlands; however, if the purchaser were to file an appeal and prevail, it could result in an adjustment, which may be material, to the loss the Company recorded for the sale.

18

STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)



On August 4, 2017 a purported class action lawsuit relating to the Merger was filed against the Company, each of its directors, Sycamore, Merger Sub and Parent, captioned Raymond Haag v. Staples, Inc. et al., Civil Action No. 1:17-cv-11447 (“Haag”). Three additional purported class action lawsuits were also filed against the Company and each of its directors, on August 8, 2017 captioned Stephen Bushansky v. Staples, Inc. et al., Civil Action No. 1:17-cv-11464 (“Bushansky”), on August 8, 2017 captioned Michael Huntley v. Staples, Inc. et al., Civil Action No. 1:17-cv-11467 (“Huntley”), and on August 10, 2017 captioned Leif Haugen v. Staples, Inc. et al., Civil Action No. 1:17-cv-11480 (“Haugen”). Each of the lawsuits was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts and alleges violations of Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 14a-9 promulgated thereunder against the defendants for allegedly disseminating a false and misleading proxy statement in connection with the Merger.  Each of the plaintiffs seeks to enjoin the defendants from proceeding with the Merger.  In addition, plaintiffs variously seek other forms of injunctive and declaratory relief, including declaring that the defendants violated Sections 14(a) and/or 20(a) of the 1934 Act, as well as Rule 14a-9 promulgated thereunder; declaring that the proxy statement is materially false or misleading; enjoining the defendants from proceeding with any vote on the Merger; directing the defendants to disseminate a proxy statement that does not contain any untrue statements of material fact and that states all material facts required in it or necessary to make the statements contained therein not misleading; rescinding the Merger or awarding rescissory damages to the extent already consummated; and requiring an accounting of all damages caused and profits obtained by the defendants.  In addition, each of the plaintiffs seeks an award of costs and attorneys’ fees.  The Company and its directors believe all four of these lawsuits are without merit and intend to defend against them vigorously.
.

19


STAPLES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Forward Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and, in particular, this management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations contain or incorporate a number of forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  Any statements contained in or incorporated by reference into this report that are not statements of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements.  You can identify these forward-looking statements by use of the words like “believes”, “expects”, “anticipates”, “plans”, “may”, “will”, “would”, “intends”, “estimates” and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. These forward-looking statements are based on a series of expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industry and markets in which we operate and management’s beliefs and assumptions and should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report.  Staples, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("we", "our" or "us") cannot guarantee that we actually will achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements made.  There are a number of important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements.  These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, risks related to the proposed acquisition by funds managed by Sycamore Partners Management, L.P.; our ability to meet the changing needs of our customers; our ability to successfully transform our business; industry, operating and competitive pressures and macroeconomic conditions, including their impact on prices and demand for our products and services, our financial condition and our results of operations; compromises of our information security; our ability to retain qualified employees; risks related to international operations and fluctuations in foreign exchange rates; changes in our effective tax rate; the impact of regulation and regulatory, investigative and legal proceedings and legal compliance risks; and factors referenced under the heading “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as well as risks that emerge from time to time that are not possible to predict.  We disclaim any obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. 

20


Results of Operations

Major contributors to our second quarter of 2017 results, as compared to the results for the second quarter of 2016, are reviewed in detail in the Consolidated Performance and Segment Performance discussions and are summarized below:
 
We generated $3.9 billion in sales, a decrease of 3.1%;
 
North American Delivery sales decreased 1.6% and business unit income as a percentage of sales decreased to 5.4% from 6.4%;

North American Retail sales decreased 5.9% and business unit loss as a percent of sales improved to (0.3)% from (0.6)%;
 
Income from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2017 was $63 million compared with a loss from continuing operations of $107 million for the second quarter of 2016;

Income from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2017 reflects net pre-tax costs of $10 million primarily related to the proposed acquisition by funds managed by Sycamore Partners;

Non-GAAP income from continuing operations was $76 million for the second quarter of 2017 compared with $87 million for the second quarter of 2016;

Earnings per diluted share from continuing operations was $0.10 in the second quarter of 2017 compared to $(0.17) in the second quarter of 2016. Non-GAAP earnings per diluted share was $0.12 in the second quarter of 2017 compared with $0.13 in the second quarter of 2016.

See the non-GAAP reconciliations in the "Non-GAAP Measures" section further below.

Acquisition by Funds Managed by Sycamore Partners

On June 28, 2017, we entered into a merger agreement which provides for the acquisition of Staples by investment funds managed by Sycamore Partners Management, L.P. ("Sycamore Partners") at a price of $10.25 per share of our common stock, in cash. The transaction is expected to close in the third quarter of 2017. See Note C - Acquisition by Funds Managed by Sycamore Partners for additional information related to this pending transaction.

 Discontinued operations

A key element of our Staples 20/20 strategic plan is to focus on our North American operations. In connection with this plan, in the first quarter of 2017 we completed the sale of a controlling interest in our European operations and sold 100% of the shares related to our operations in Australia and New Zealand. In the second quarter of 2017 we continued to pursue the sale of our operations in Asia and South America, and expect to complete a sale of these businesses within the next twelve months. We presented our European operations as discontinued operations beginning in the fourth quarter of the 2016, and beginning with the first quarter of 2017 we have presented our remaining operations outside of North America as discontinued operations. See Note F - Discontinued Operations in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.

Non-GAAP Measures

In our analysis of the results of operations and in our outlook, we have referred to certain non-GAAP financial measures for sales, net income, earnings per share, effective tax rate, and free cash flow (which we define as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures). The presentation of these results should be considered in addition to, and should not be considered superior to, or as a substitute for, the presentation of results determined in accordance with GAAP. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures assist management and investors to analyze our performance by providing meaningful information that facilitates the comparability of underlying business results from period to period. We use these non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate the operating results of our business against prior year results and our operating plan, and to forecast and analyze future periods. We recognize there are limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as they may reduce comparability with other companies that use different methods to calculate similar non-GAAP measures. We generally compensate for these limitations by considering GAAP as well as non-GAAP results. In addition, management provides a reconciliation to the most comparable GAAP financial measure.


21


For the non-GAAP measures related to results of operations, reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are shown below for the second quarter of 2017 and second quarter of 2016 (amounts in millions, except per share data):

 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
 
July 29, 2017
 
 
GAAP
 
Adjustments 1
 
Non-GAAP
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
$
106

 
$
10

 
$
116

Interest and other expense, net
 
4

 

 
4

Income before income taxes
 
102

 
 
 
112

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense
 
39

 
 
 
39

Adjustments2
 

 
 
 
(3
)
Adjusted income tax expense
 
39

 
 
 
36

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
63

 
 
 
$
76

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective tax rate
 
38.0
%
 
 
 
32.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.10

 
 
 
$
0.12

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
Includes $13 million of costs related to our strategic initiatives ($11 million of which is included in Selling, general and administrative expenses and $2 million of which is included in Restructuring charges) and $1 million for impairment of long-lived assets, partly offset by a $4 million gain on the sale of property and equipment.
2.
Includes $5 million of non-cash income tax expense related to the impact of tax deficiencies associated with share-based payment awards, and which relates to the adoption of a new accounting pronouncement in the first quarter of 2017 that was not applied retrospectively. This expense was partly offset by $2 million of income tax benefit associated with the adjustments referred to in footnote 1.
 
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
July 29, 2017
 
 
GAAP
 
Adjustments 1
 
Non-GAAP
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
$
270

 
$
18

 
$
288

Interest and other expense, net
 
10

 

 
10

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
260

 
 
 
278

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense
 
92

 
 
 
92

Adjustments2
 

 
 
 
(3
)
Adjusted income tax expense
 
92

 
 
 
89

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
 
$
168

 
 
 
$
189

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective tax rate
 
35.3
%
 
 
 
32.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.26

 
 
 
$
0.29

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

22


1.
Includes $18 million of costs related to our strategic initiatives ($12 million of which is included in Selling, general and administrative expenses and $6 million of which is included in Restructuring charges) and $3 million for impairment of long-lived assets offset by a net $3 million gain on the sale of property and equipment.
2.
Includes $8 million of non-cash income tax expense related to the impact of tax deficiencies associated with share-based payment awards, and which relates to the adoption of a new accounting pronouncement in the first quarter of 2017 that was not applied retrospectively. This expense was partly offset by $5 million of income tax benefit associated with the adjustments referred to in footnote 1.
  
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
GAAP
 
Impairment of long-lived assets
 
Merger-related costs
 
Loss on sale of businesses and assets, net
 
Litigation
 
Costs related to restructuring and strategic plans
 
Non-GAAP
Gross Profit
 
$
1,025

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
4

 
$
1,029

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating (loss) income
 
(167
)
 
15

 
250

 
16

 
16

 
6

 
136

Interest and other expense, net
 
12

 

 
(7
)
 

 

 

 
5

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 
26

 

 
(26
)
 

 

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes
 
(205
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
131

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
 
(98
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(98
)
Adjustments
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
142

Adjusted income tax (benefit) expense
 
(98
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss (income) from continuing operations
 
$
(107
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
87

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective tax rate
 
47.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
33.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
(0.17
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
0.13



23


 
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
GAAP
 
Impairment of long-lived assets
 
Merger-related costs
 
Loss on sale of businesses and assets, net
 
Litigation
 
Costs related to restructuring and strategic plans
 
Non-GAAP
Gross Profit
 
$
2,137

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
4

 
$
2,141

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating (loss) income
 
(45
)
 
15

 
272

 
49

 
16

 
17

 
324

Interest and other expense, net
 
49

 

 
(37
)
 

 

 

 
12

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 
26

 

 
(26
)
 

 

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes
 
(120
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
312

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
 
(73
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(73
)
Adjustments
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
177

Adjusted income tax (benefit) expense
 
(73
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
104

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss (income) from continuing operations
 
$
(47
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
208

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effective tax rate
 
60.6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
33.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
(0.07
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
0.32


Note that certain percentage figures shown in the tables above may not recalculate due to rounding.

Consolidated Performance
    
Second Quarter of 2017 Compared to the Second Quarter of 2016
 
Sales:  Sales for the second quarter of 2017 were $3.9 billion, a $127 million or 3.1% decrease from the second quarter of 2016.  Of this decline, approximately 1% was driven by the sale of our Staples Print Solutions business in the second quarter of 2016 and approximately 1% was driven by a decrease in comparable store sales in North American Retail, with the remaining decline primarily driven by store closures and declines in Staples.com. The unfavorable impact of these items was partially offset by a 1% favorable impact from organic growth in Staples Business Advantage ("SBA") and a 1% favorable impact from the acquisition of Capital Office Products in the fourth quarter of 2016. Sales declines in ink and toner, office supplies, and paper were partly offset by growth in computers, janitorial and sanitation supplies, and food and breakroom supplies.

Gross Profit:  Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 25.5% for the second quarter of 2017 compared to 25.4% for the second quarter of 2016, an increase of 12 basis points. Improvements in product margin rates were offset by supply chain investments, primarily in North American Delivery. Gross profit for the second quarter of 2016 reflects the impact of $4 million of charges related to exiting certain product categories in our North American retail stores.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses:  Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $19 million or 2.1% from the second quarter of 2016 to the second quarter of 2017. The decrease reflects $16 million of costs incurred in the second quarter of 2016 related to litigation, partially offset by $10 million of expenses incurred in the second quarter of 2017 related to the pending acquisition of Staples by Sycamore Partners. The decrease also reflects a favorable impact from ongoing expense management, partially offset by the impact from investments in sales force. As a percentage of sales, selling, general and administrative expenses were 22.6% in the second quarter of 2017 compared with 22.3% in the second quarter of 2016.


24


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets: See Note E - Impairment of Long-Lived Assets in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the facts and circumstances related to the impairment charges recognized in the second quarters of 2017 and 2016.

Restructuring and Related Charges: See Note D - Strategic Initiatives, Restructuring and Related Charges in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the facts and circumstances related to the restructuring charges recognized in the second quarters of 2017 and 2016.

Gain (Loss) Related to Sale of Business and Assets, net: See Note G - Sale of Businesses and Assets in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information related to gains and losses recognized in the second quarters of 2017 and 2016.

Interest Expense: Interest expense decreased to $10 million for the second quarter of 2017 from $18 million for the second quarter of 2016.  Interest expense for the second quarter of 2016 reflected interest and fees of $7 million related to financing arrangements associated with our proposed acquisition of Office Depot (see Note JTermination of Merger Agreement with Office Depot in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements).

Other Income (Expense), Net: Other income (expense), net was income of $4 million in the second quarter of 2017 compared to income of $5 million for the second quarter of 2016. The income in each period primarily related to investment income associated with our supplemental executive retirement plan.

Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt: In May 2016 we terminated the term loan agreement associated with our proposed acquisition of Office Depot and repaid the $2.5 billion par value of the loan, the net proceeds for which had been held in escrow. The $26 million loss on early extinguishment of debt in the second quarter of 2016 represents the acceleration of the unamortized balances of the $25 million original issue discount ("OID") and $2 million of deferred financing costs related to the term loan. See Note JTermination of Merger Agreement with Office Depot in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Income Taxes:  Our effective tax rate was 38.0% in the second quarter of 2017 compared with 47.8% in the second quarter of 2016. Excluding the impact of items shown in the tables included above in the "Non-GAAP Measures" section, our effective tax rate was 32.0% in the second quarter of 2017 and 33.1% the second quarter of 2016. The decrease in our GAAP and non-GAAP effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2017 compared with the prior year quarter is primarily due to changes in the geographic mix of earnings.

Our effective tax rate in any year is impacted by the geographic mix of earnings. Additionally, certain foreign operations are subject to both U.S. and foreign income tax regulations, and as a result, income before tax by location and the components of income tax expense by taxing jurisdiction are not directly related. The difference between the federal statutory tax rate and our effective tax rate is driven primarily by the foreign tax rate differential with respect to our entities in Canada.
    
First Half of 2017 Compared to the First Half of 2016

Sales:  Sales for first half of 2017 were $8.1 billion, a $339 million or 4.0% decrease from first half of 2016.  Of this decline, approximately 2% was driven by the sale of Staples Print Solutions and approximately 2% was driven by a decrease in comparable store sales in North American Retail, with the remaining decline primarily driven by store closures and declines in Staples.com. The impact of these items was partially offset by growth in SBA. Sales declines in ink and toner, office supplies, technology accessories and paper were partly offset by growth in technology solutions, janitorial and sanitation supplies, computers and food and breakroom supplies.

Gross Profit:  Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 25.8% for first half of 2017 compared to 25.5% for first half of 2016, a decrease of 26 basis points. The increase was driven by improved product margin rates, partially offset by supply chain investments, primarily in North American Delivery.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses:  Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by $57 million or 3.1% from first half of 2016 to first half of 2017. The decrease reflects the impact of $21 million of costs associated with our proposed acquisition of Office Depot and $16 million of costs related to litigation that were incurred in the first half of 2016, partially offset by $12 million of expenses incurred in the second quarter of 2017 related to strategic initiatives, which primarily relate to the pending acquisition of Staples by Sycamore Partners. The decrease also reflects a favorable impact from ongoing expense management, partially offset by the impact of increased incentive compensation and higher marketing expense. As a

25


percentage of sales, selling, general and administrative expenses were 22.1% in first half of 2017 compared with 21.9% for first half of 2016.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets: See Note E - Impairment of Long-Lived Assets in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the facts and circumstances related to the impairment charges recognized during the first half of 2017 and 2016.

Restructuring Charges: See Note D - Strategic Initiatives, Restructuring and Related Charges in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the facts and circumstances related to the restructuring charges recognized during the first half of 2017 and 2016.

Gain (Loss) on Sale of Businesses and Assets, net: See Note G - Sale of Businesses and Assets in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information related to the gains and losses recognized in the first half of 2017 and 2016.
    
Interest Expense: Interest expense decreased to $21 million for first half of 2017 from $60 million for first half of 2016.  Interest expense during the first half of 2016 reflected interest and fees of $37 million related to financing arrangements associated with our proposed acquisition of Office Depot.

Other Income (Expense), Net: Other income (expense), net was income of $8 million for first half of 2017 compared to income of $8 million for first half of 2016. The income in each period primarily related to investment income associated with our supplemental executive retirement plan.

Income Taxes:  Our effective tax rate was 35.3% in first half of 2017 compared with 60.6% in first half of 2016. Excluding the impact of items shown in the tables included above in the "Non-GAAP Measures" section, our effective tax rate was 32.0% in first half of 2017 and 33.1% in first half of 2016. The decrease in our GAAP and non-GAAP effective tax rate in first half of 2017 compared with the prior year is primarily due to changes in the geographic mix of earnings.

Segment Performance
 
We have two reportable segments: North American Delivery and North American Retail. See a reconciliation of total business unit income (loss) to income before income taxes in Note N - Segment Reporting in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Second Quarter of 2017 Compared to the Second Quarter of 2016

The following tables provide a summary of our sales and business unit income by reportable segment for the second quarter of 2017 and 2016
 
(Amounts in millions)
 13 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
(Decrease) Increase
From
Prior Year
 
(Decrease)
Increase
From
Prior Year
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
Sales:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North American Delivery
$
2,547

 
$
2,588

 
(1.6
)%
 
(0.1
)%
North American Retail
1,358

 
1,444

 
(5.9
)%
 
(7.9
)%
Total segment sales
$
3,905

 
$
4,032

 
(3.1
)%
 
(3.0
)%
 
 
(Amounts in millions)
13 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
% of Sales
 
% of Sales
Business Unit Income (Loss):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North American Delivery
$
138

 
$
164

 
5.4
 %
 
6.4
 %
North American Retail
(4
)
 
(8
)
 
(0.3
)%
 
(0.6
)%

North American Delivery: Sales decreased by $41 million or 1.6% for the second quarter of 2017. The decline was primarily due to the sale of our Staples Print Solutions business in the second quarter of 2016. The impact of this divestiture was

26


partially offset by organic growth in SBA and the impact of our acquisition of Capital Office Products in the fourth quarter of 2016. The organic growth in SBA was driven by increased sales of technology products and solutions, janitorial and sanitation supplies, and food and breakroom supplies partially offset by declines in office supplies, ink and toner and paper. SBA grew sales organically across both large corporate and enterprise and mid-market customer segments.

Sales growth from SBA was partially offset by declines in the Quill and Staples.com channels. The sales decline in these channels was partially attributable to historical reductions in marketing and customer acquisition spend, as well as lower promotional activity in the Staples.com channel.
 
Business unit income as a percentage of sales decreased to 5.4% for the second quarter of 2017 from 6.4% for the second quarter of 2016. The decrease was driven by strategic investments to drive growth, including investing in our supply chain and salesforce, as well as other cost increases.

North American Retail:  Sales decreased by $86 million or 5.9% for the second quarter of 2017. The decrease was driven by a 3% decline in comparable store sales resulting from lower customer traffic and an approximate 2% unfavorable impact from store closures. The comparable store sales decline reflects decreased sales of ink and toner, office supplies, computers and office machines.

Business unit income as a percentage of sales improved to (0.3)% for the second quarter of 2017 from (0.6)% for the second quarter of 2016. The improvement was primarily driven by increased gross margin rate partially offset by an unfavorable impact of lower sales on fixed expenses.    


First Half of 2017 Compared to the First Half of 2016

The following tables provide a summary of our sales and business unit income by reportable segment for first half of 2017 and 2016
 
(Amounts in millions)
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
(Decrease) Increase
From
Prior Year
 
(Decrease)
Increase
From
Prior Year
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
 
Sales:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North American Delivery
$
5,182

 
$
5,300

 
(2.2
)%
 
0.1
 %
North American Retail
2,873

 
3,094

 
(7.2
)%
 
(7.5
)%
Total segment sales
$
8,055

 
$
8,394

 
(4.0
)%
 
(2.8
)%
 
 
(Amounts in millions)
26 Weeks Ended
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
July 29, 2017
 
July 30, 2016
 
% of Sales
 
% of Sales
Business Unit Income (Loss):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North American Delivery
$
274

 
$
323

 
5.3
%
 
6.1
%
North American Retail
50

 
41

 
1.7
%
 
1.3
%
 
North American Delivery: Sales decreased by $118 million or 2.2% for first half of 2017. The decline was primarily due to the sale of our Staples Print Solutions business in the second quarter of 2016. The impact of this divestiture was partially offset by organic growth in SBA and the impact of our acquisition of Capital Office Products in the fourth quarter of 2016. The organic growth in SBA was driven by increased sales of technology products and solutions, janitorial and sanitation supplies, and food and breakroom. partially offset by declines in office supplie