10-Q 1 d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

X QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 4, 2010 (36 weeks)

OR

 

     TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to              

Commission file number 1-1183

LOGO

 

   PepsiCo, Inc.  
   (Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)  

 

        North Carolina             13-1584302  
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification No.)
700 Anderson Hill Road, Purchase, New York     10577  
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

 

                                   914-253-2000                                   
  (Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)   

 

  N/A  
  (Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES   X   NO      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES   X      NO      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

(Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  X    Accelerated filer     
Non-accelerated filer       

Smaller reporting company     

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  YES    NO X 

Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of October 1, 2010: 1,584,840,959


Table of Contents

PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX

 

     Page No.

Part I Financial Information

  

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

   3

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income – 12 and 36 Weeks Ended September  4, 2010 and September 5, 2009

   3

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows – 36 Weeks Ended September  4, 2010 and September 5, 2009

   4

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet – September 4, 2010 and December 26, 2009

   5-6

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity – 36 Weeks Ended September 4, 2010 and September  5, 2009

   7

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income – 12 and 36 Weeks Ended September  4, 2010 and September 5, 2009

   8

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

   9-33

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   34-56

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   57

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   58

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

   58

Part II Other Information

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

   59

Item 1A. Risk Factors

   59

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

   59-61

Item 6. Exhibits

   62

 

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PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

(in millions except per share amounts, unaudited)

 

     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Net Revenue

   $ 15,514      $ 11,080      $ 39,683      $ 29,935   

Cost of sales

     7,008        5,181        18,216        13,806   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     5,676        3,649        15,288        10,077   

Amortization of intangible assets

     30        18        78        42   
                                

Operating Profit

     2,800        2,232        6,101        6,010   

Bottling equity income

     10        146        728        290   

Interest expense

     (169     (86     (495     (285

Interest income

     18        16        26        44   
                                

Income before income taxes

     2,659        2,308        6,360        6,059   

Provision for income taxes

     729        575        1,383        1,517   
                                

Net income

     1,930        1,733        4,977        4,542   

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     8        16        22        30   
                                

Net Income Attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 1,922      $ 1,717      $ 4,955      $ 4,512   
                                

Net Income Attributable to PepsiCo per Common Share

        

Basic

   $ 1.21      $ 1.10      $ 3.11      $ 2.90   

Diluted

   $ 1.19      $ 1.09      $ 3.06      $ 2.87   

Cash Dividends Declared per Common Share

   $ 0.48      $ 0.45      $ 1.41      $ 1.325   

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(in millions, unaudited)

 

     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Operating Activities

    

Net income

   $ 4,977      $ 4,542   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,580        1,083   

Stock-based compensation expense

     191        159   

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

            36   

Cash payments for 2009 restructuring charges

     (29     (183

PBG/PAS merger and integration costs

     545          

Cash payments for PBG/PAS merger and integration costs

     (272       

Gain on previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS

     (958       

Asset write-off

     145          

Non-cash foreign exchange loss related to Venezuela devaluation

     120          

Excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements

     (73     (16

Pension and retiree medical plan contributions

     (1,350     (1,130

Pension and retiree medical plan expenses

     310        290   

Bottling equity income, net of dividends

     37        (222

Deferred income taxes and other tax charges and credits

     291        59   

Change in accounts and notes receivable

     (1,287     (459

Change in inventories

     224        (128

Change in prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (14     17   

Change in accounts payable and other current liabilities

     762        (241

Change in income taxes payable

     787        914   

Other, net

     (198     (318
                

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

     5,788        4,403   
                

Investing Activities

    

Capital spending

     (1,670     (1,138

Sales of property, plant and equipment

     55        33   

Acquisitions of PBG and PAS, net of cash and cash equivalents acquired

     (2,833       

Acquisition of manufacturing and distribution rights from Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. (DPSG)

     (900       

Other acquisitions and investments in noncontrolled affiliates

     (36     (300

Divestitures

            100   

Cash restricted for pending acquisitions

     (8     30   

Short-term investments, by original maturity

    

More than three months – purchases

     (8     (29

More than three months – maturities

     21        55   

Three months or less, net

     (53     4   

Other investing, net

     (12       
                

Net Cash Used for Investing Activities

     (5,444     (1,245
                

Financing Activities

    

Proceeds from issuances of long-term debt

     4,215        1,057   

Payments of long-term debt

     (73     (188

Short-term borrowings, by original maturity

    

More than three months – proceeds

     55        32   

More than three months – payments

     (27     (64

Three months or less, net

     3,351        (965

Cash dividends paid

     (2,218     (2,032

Share repurchases – common

     (4,418       

Share repurchases – preferred

     (3     (4

Proceeds from exercises of stock options

     700        187   

Excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements

     73        16   

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest in Lebedyansky from PBG

     (159       

Other financing

     (6     (26
                

Net Cash Provided by/(Used for) Financing Activities

     1,490        (1,987

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents

     (200     19   
                

Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents

     1,634        1,190   

Cash and Cash Equivalents – Beginning of year

     3,943        2,064   
                

Cash and Cash Equivalents – End of period

   $ 5,577      $ 3,254   
                

Non-cash activity:

    

Issuance of common stock and equity awards in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, as reflected in investing and financing activities

   $ 4,451      $   

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

(in millions)

 

     (Unaudited)        
     9/4/10     12/26/09  

Assets

    

Current Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 5,577      $ 3,943   

Short-term investments

     232        192   

Accounts and notes receivable, less allowance: 9/10 – $164, 12/09 – $90

     7,245        4,624   

Inventories

    

Raw materials

     1,689        1,274   

Work-in-process

     183        165   

Finished goods

     1,487        1,179   
                
     3,359        2,618   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,488        1,194   
                

Total Current Assets

     17,901        12,571   

Property, Plant and Equipment

     31,779        24,912   

Accumulated Depreciation

     (13,245     (12,241
                
     18,534        12,671   

Amortizable Intangible Assets, net

     2,053        841   

Goodwill

     13,905        6,534   

Other Nonamortizable Intangible Assets

     11,709        1,782   
                

Nonamortizable Intangible Assets

     25,614        8,316   

Investments in Noncontrolled Affiliates

     1,401        4,484   

Other Assets

     1,199        965   
                

Total Assets

   $ 66,702      $ 39,848   
                

Continued on next page.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (continued)

(in millions except per share amounts)

 

     (Unaudited)        
     9/4/10     12/26/09  

Liabilities and Equity

    

Current Liabilities

    

Short-term obligations

   $ 5,756      $ 464   

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

     10,699        8,127   

Income taxes payable

     662        165   
                

Total Current Liabilities

     17,117        8,756   

Long-term Debt Obligations

     18,445        7,400   

Other Liabilities

     7,039        5,591   

Deferred Income Taxes

     3,865        659   
                

Total Liabilities

     46,466        22,406   

Commitments and Contingencies

    

Preferred Stock, no par value

     41        41   

Repurchased Preferred Stock

     (148     (145

PepsiCo Common Shareholders’ Equity

    

Common stock, par value 1 2/3 cents per share:

    

Authorized 3,600 shares, issued 9/10 – 1,865 shares, 12/09 – 1,782 shares

     31        30   

Capital in excess of par value

     4,535        250   

Retained earnings

     36,487        33,805   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (4,358     (3,794

Less: repurchased common stock, at cost:

    

9/10 – 283 shares, 12/09 – 217 shares

     (16,650     (13,383
                

Total PepsiCo Common Shareholders’ Equity

     20,045        16,908   

Noncontrolling interests

     298        638   
                

Total Equity

     20,236        17,442   
                

Total Liabilities and Equity

   $ 66,702      $ 39,848   
                

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(in millions, unaudited)

 

     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09  
     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount  

Preferred Stock

   0.8      $ 41      0.8      $ 41   
                            

Repurchased Preferred Stock

        

Balance, beginning of year

   (0.6     (145   (0.5     (138

Redemptions

          (3   (0.1     (4
                            

Balance, end of period

   (0.6     (148   (0.6     (142
                            

Common Stock

        

Balance, beginning of year

   1,782        30      1,782        30   

Shares issued in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS

   83        1               
                            

Balance, end of period

   1,865        31      1,782        30   
                            

Capital in Excess of Par Value

        

Balance, beginning of year

       250          351   

Stock-based compensation expense

       191          159   

Stock option exercises/RSUs converted(a)

       (399       (197

Withholding tax on RSUs converted

       (57       (34

Equity issued in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS

       4,451            

Other

       99            
                    

Balance, end of period

       4,535          279   
                    

Retained Earnings

        

Balance, beginning of year

       33,805          30,638   

Net income attributable to PepsiCo

       4,955          4,512   

Cash dividends declared – common

       (2,270       (2,065

Cash dividends declared – preferred

       (1       (1

Cash dividends declared – RSUs

       (9       (7

Other

       7            
                    

Balance, end of period

       36,487          33,077   
                    

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

        

Balance, beginning of year

       (3,794       (4,694

Currency translation adjustment

       (291       485   

Cash flow hedges, net of tax:

        

Net derivative losses

       (123       (76

Reclassification of derivative losses/(gains) to net income

       39          (6

Pension and retiree medical, net of tax:

        

Reclassification of losses to net income

       210          16   

Remeasurement of net liabilities

       (406         

Unrealized gains on securities, net of tax

       7          12   

Other

                1   
                    

Balance, end of period

       (4,358       (4,262
                    

Repurchased Common Stock

        

Balance, beginning of year

   (217     (13,383   (229     (14,122

Share repurchases

   (68     (4,418            

Stock option exercises

   17        1,029      5        306   

Other

   (15     122      1        87   
                            

Balance, end of period

   (283     (16,650   (223     (13,729
                            

Total Common Shareholders’ Equity

       20,045          15,395   
                    

Noncontrolling Interests

        

Balance, beginning of year

       638          476   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

       22          30   

(Distributions to)/contributions from noncontrolling interests, net

       (347       80   

Currency translation adjustment

       (14       (41

Other, net

       (1       (8
                    

Balance, end of period

       298          537   
                    

Total Equity

     $ 20,236        $ 15,831   
                    

 

(a) Includes total tax benefit of $50 million in 2010 and $7 million in 2009.

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT

OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(in millions, unaudited)

 

     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Net Income

   $ 1,930      $ 1,733      $ 4,977      $ 4,542   

Other Comprehensive (Loss)/Income

        

Currency translation adjustment

     290        225        (305     444   

Pension and retiree medical, net of tax:

        

Reclassification of (gains)/losses to net income

     (1     6        210        16   

Remeasurement of net liabilities

     (406            (406       

Cash flow hedges, net of tax:

        

Net derivative losses

     (37     (53     (123     (76

Reclassification of derivative losses/(gains) to net income

     16        10        39        (6

Unrealized gains on securities, net of tax

     6        8        7        12   

Other

            1               1   
                                
     (132     197        (578     391   
                                

Comprehensive Income

     1,798        1,930        4,399        4,933   

Comprehensive (income)/loss attributable to
noncontrolling interests

     (8     (37     (8     11   
                                

Comprehensive Income Attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 1,790      $ 1,893      $ 4,391      $ 4,944   
                                

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEPSICO, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Basis of Presentation and Our Divisions

 

Basis of Presentation

The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 4, 2010, the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010 and September 5, 2009, and the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and Equity for the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010 and September 5, 2009 have not been audited. These statements have been prepared on a basis that is substantially consistent with the accounting principles applied in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2009. In our opinion, these financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. The results for the 12 and 36 weeks are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year.

While the majority of our results are reported on a period basis, most of our international operations report on a monthly calendar basis for which the months of June, July and August are reflected in our third quarter results.

On February 26, 2010, we completed our acquisitions of The Pepsi Bottling Group, Inc. (PBG) and PepsiAmericas, Inc. (PAS). The results of the acquired companies in the U.S. and Canada are reflected in our condensed consolidated results as of the acquisition date, and the international results of the acquired companies have been reported as of the beginning of our second quarter of 2010, consistent with our monthly international reporting calendar. The results of the acquired companies in the U.S., Canada and Mexico are reported within our PAB segment, and the results of the acquired companies in Europe, including Russia, are reported within our Europe segment. Prior to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we recorded our share of equity income or loss from the acquired companies in bottling equity income in our income statement. Subsequent to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we continue to record our share of equity income or loss from Pepsi Bottling Ventures LLC in bottling equity income and our share of income or loss from other noncontrolled affiliates as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses. Additionally, in the first quarter of 2010, in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we recorded a gain on our previously held equity interests of $958 million, comprising $735 million which is non-taxable and recorded in bottling equity income and $223 million related to the reversal of deferred tax liabilities associated with these previously held equity interests. See also Acquisitions of PBG and PAS and “Items Affecting Comparability” in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

As of the beginning of our 2010 fiscal year, the results of our Venezuelan businesses are reported under hyperinflationary accounting. See “Our Business Risks” and “Items Affecting Comparability” in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Our significant interim accounting policies include the recognition of a pro rata share of certain estimated annual sales incentives, and certain advertising and marketing costs, generally in proportion to revenue, and the recognition of income taxes using an estimated annual effective tax rate. Raw materials, direct labor and plant overhead, as well as purchasing and receiving costs, costs directly related to production planning, inspection costs and raw material handling facilities,

 

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are included in cost of sales. The costs of moving, storing and delivering finished product are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

The following information is unaudited. Tabular dollars are presented in millions, except per share amounts. All per share amounts reflect common per share amounts, assume dilution unless otherwise noted, and are based on unrounded amounts. This report should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2009.

Our Divisions

We are organized into four business units, as follows:

 

  1.

PepsiCo Americas Foods (PAF), which includes Frito-Lay North America (FLNA), Quaker Foods North America (QFNA) and all of our Latin American food and snack businesses (LAF), including our Sabritas and Gamesa businesses in Mexico;

 

  2.

PepsiCo Americas Beverages (PAB), which includes PepsiCo Beverages Americas and Pepsi Beverages Company;

 

  3.

PepsiCo Europe, which includes all beverage, food and snack businesses in Europe; and

 

  4.

PepsiCo Asia, Middle East and Africa (AMEA), which includes all beverage, food and snack businesses in AMEA.

Our four business units comprise six reportable segments (referred to as divisions), as follows:

 

   

FLNA,

 

   

QFNA,

 

   

LAF,

 

   

PAB,

 

   

Europe, and

 

   

AMEA.

 

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     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Net Revenue

        

FLNA

   $ 3,244      $ 3,198      $ 9,506      $ 9,336   

QFNA

     407        418        1,266        1,299   

LAF

     1,542        1,396        4,063        3,641   

PAB(a)

     5,792        2,656        14,105        7,362   

Europe(a)

     2,762        1,874        6,171        4,463   

AMEA

     1,767        1,538        4,572        3,834   
                                
   $ 15,514      $ 11,080      $ 39,683      $ 29,935   
                                

Operating Profit

        

FLNA

   $ 907      $ 822      $ 2,522      $ 2,302   

QFNA

     126        131        393        438   

LAF

     238        199        616        603   

PAB(a)

     1,017        607        2,042        1,650   

Europe(a)

     423        318        802        673   

AMEA

     244        297        681        670   
                                

Total division

     2,955        2,374        7,056        6,336   

Corporate Unallocated

        

Net impact of mark-to-market on commodity hedges

     16        29        58        191   

PBG/PAS merger and integration costs

     (16     (1     (128     (1

Venezuela currency devaluation

                   (129       

Asset write-off

                   (145       

Foundation contribution

                   (100       

Other

     (155     (170     (511     (516
                                
   $ 2,800      $ 2,232      $ 6,101      $ 6,010   
                                

 

     Total Assets
     9/4/10    12/26/09

FLNA

   $ 6,365    $ 6,337

QFNA

     962      997

LAF

     3,575      3,575

PAB(a)

     32,083      7,670

Europe(a)

     12,878      9,321

AMEA

     5,488      4,937
             

Total division

     61,351      32,837

Corporate

     5,107      3,933

Investments in bottling affiliates(a)

     244      3,078
             
   $ 66,702    $ 39,848
             

 

(a) Changes in 2010 relate primarily to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

 

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Acquisitions of PBG and PAS

 

On February 26, 2010, PepsiCo announced that pursuant to the terms of merger agreements entered into on August 3, 2009 (the “Merger Agreements”), PBG and PAS merged with and into Pepsi-Cola Metropolitan Bottling Company, Inc. (“Metro”), with Metro continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of PepsiCo. We acquired PBG and PAS to create a more fully integrated supply chain and go-to-market business model, improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the distribution of our brands and enhancing our revenue growth. The total purchase price was approximately $12.6 billion, which included $8.3 billion of cash and equity and the fair value of our previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS of $4.3 billion.

Under the terms of the Merger Agreements: (i) each outstanding share of common stock of PBG not held by Metro, PepsiCo or a subsidiary of PepsiCo or held by PBG as treasury stock (each, a “PBG Share”) was canceled and converted into the right to receive, at the holder’s election, either 0.6432 shares of common stock of PepsiCo (the “PBG Per Share Stock Consideration”) or $36.50 in cash, without interest (the “PBG Cash Election Price”), subject to proration provisions which provide that an aggregate 50% of such outstanding PBG Shares were converted into the right to receive common stock of PepsiCo and an aggregate 50% of such outstanding PBG Shares were converted into the right to receive cash and each PBG Share and share of Class B common stock of PBG held by Metro, PepsiCo or a subsidiary of PepsiCo was canceled or converted to the right to receive 0.6432 shares of common stock of PepsiCo; and (ii) each outstanding share of common stock of PAS not held by Metro, PepsiCo or a subsidiary of PepsiCo or held by PAS as treasury stock (each, a “PAS Share”) was canceled and converted into the right to receive, at the holder’s election, either 0.5022 shares of common stock of PepsiCo (the “PAS Per Share Stock Consideration”) or $28.50 in cash, without interest (the “PAS Cash Election Price”), subject to proration provisions which provide that an aggregate 50% of such outstanding PAS Shares were converted into the right to receive common stock of PepsiCo and an aggregate 50% of such outstanding PAS Shares were converted into the right to receive cash and each PAS Share held by Metro, PepsiCo or a subsidiary of PepsiCo was canceled or converted into the right to receive 0.5022 shares of common stock of PepsiCo.

Each PBG or PAS stock option was converted into an adjusted PepsiCo stock option to acquire a number of shares of PepsiCo common stock, determined by multiplying the number of shares of PBG or PAS common stock subject to the PBG or PAS stock option by an exchange ratio (the “Closing Exchange Ratio”) equal to the closing price of a share of PBG or PAS common stock on the business day immediately before the acquisition date divided by the closing price of a share of PepsiCo common stock on the business day immediately before the acquisition date. The exercise price per share of PepsiCo common stock subject to the adjusted PepsiCo stock option is equal to the per share exercise price of PBG or PAS stock option divided by the Closing Exchange Ratio.

Each PBG restricted stock unit (RSU) was adjusted so that its holder is entitled to receive, upon settlement, a number of shares of PepsiCo common stock equal to the number of shares of PBG common stock subject to the PBG RSU multiplied by the PBG Per Share Stock Consideration. PBG performance-based RSUs were converted into PepsiCo RSUs based on 100% target achievement, and, following conversion, remain subject to continued service of the holder. Each PBG RSU held by a non-employee director was vested and canceled at the acquisition date, and, in exchange for cancellation of the PBG RSU, the holder received the PBG Per Share Stock Consideration for each share of PBG common stock subject to the PBG RSU.

 

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Each cash-settled PAS RSU was canceled in exchange for a cash payment equal to the closing price of a share of PAS common stock on the business day immediately before the closing of the PAS merger for each share of PAS common stock subject to each PAS RSU. Each PAS restricted share was converted into either the PAS Per Share Stock Consideration or the PAS Cash Election Price, at the election of the holder, with the same proration procedures applicable to PAS stockholders described above.

Pursuant to the terms of PBG’s executive retention arrangements, PBG equity awards granted to certain executives prior to the PBG merger vest immediately upon a qualifying termination of the executive’s employment except for certain PBG executives whose equity awards vested immediately at the effective time of the PBG merger pursuant to the terms of PepsiCo’s executive retention agreements. Each PAS equity award granted prior to the PAS merger vested immediately at the effective time of the PAS merger pursuant to the original terms of the awards.

Prior to the mergers, we had equity investments in PBG and PAS. In addition to approximately 32% of PBG’s outstanding common stock that we owned at year-end 2009, we owned 100% of PBG’s class B common stock and approximately 7% of the equity of Bottling Group, LLC, PBG’s principal operating subsidiary. At year-end 2009, we owned approximately 43% of the outstanding common stock of PAS.

The guidance on accounting for business combinations requires that an acquirer remeasure its previously held equity interest in an acquiree at its acquisition date fair value and recognize the resulting gain or loss in earnings. Thus, in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, the carrying amounts of our previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS were revalued to fair value at the acquisition date, resulting in a gain in the first quarter of 2010 of $958 million, comprising $735 million which is non-taxable and recorded in bottling equity income and $223 million related to the reversal of deferred tax liabilities associated with these previously held equity interests.

As discussed in Debt Obligations and Commitments, in January 2010, we issued $4.25 billion of fixed and floating rate notes. A portion of the net proceeds from the issuance of these notes was used to finance our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

Our actual stock price on February 25, 2010 (the last trading day prior to the closing of the mergers) was used to determine the value of stock, stock options and RSUs issued as consideration in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS and thus to calculate the actual purchase price.

 

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The table below represents the computation of the purchase price excluding assumed debt and the fair value of our previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS as of the acquisition date:

 

     Total Number of
Shares/Awards
Issued
   Total
Estimated

Fair  Value

Payment in cash, for the remaining (not owned by PepsiCo and its subsidiaries) outstanding shares of PBG and PAS common stock and equity awards vested at consummation of merger

      $ 3,813

Payment to PBG and PAS of shares of PepsiCo common stock for the remaining (not owned by PepsiCo and its subsidiaries) outstanding shares of PBG and PAS common stock and equity awards vested at consummation of merger

   67      4,175

Issuance of PepsiCo equity awards (vested and unvested) to replace existing PBG and PAS equity awards

   16      276
           

Total purchase price

   83    $ 8,264
           

The following table summarizes the preliminary estimates of the fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the PBG and PAS acquisitions and the resulting goodwill as of the acquisition date. The preliminary estimates of the fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed are subject to revisions, which may result in adjustments to the preliminary values presented below, when appraisals are finalized. We expect to finalize these amounts as soon as possible but no later than by the end of 2010.

 

     Preliminary
Estimates of
Acquisition Date
Fair Value
 

Inventory

   $ 1,007   

Property, plant and equipment

     6,165   

Amortizable intangible assets

     1,314   

Nonamortizable intangible assets, primarily reacquired franchise rights

     9,130   

Other current assets and current liabilities(a)

     830   

Other noncurrent assets

     266   

Debt obligations

     (8,814

Pension and retiree medical benefits

     (962

Other noncurrent liabilities

     (688

Deferred income taxes

     (3,471
        

Total identifiable net assets

     4,777   

Goodwill

     7,462   
        

Subtotal

     12,239   

Fair value of acquisition of noncontrolling interest

     317   
        

Total purchase price

   $ 12,556   
        

 

(a)

Includes cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable and other current liabilities.

 

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Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the purchase price paid over the net assets recognized. The goodwill recorded as part of the PBG and PAS acquisitions primarily reflects the value of adding PBG and PAS to PepsiCo to create a more fully integrated supply chain and go-to-market business model, as well as any intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition. Goodwill is not amortizable nor deductible for tax purposes. While the final calculation of goodwill and its allocation among reporting units is not complete, substantially all of the goodwill is recorded in our PAB segment.

In connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we reacquired certain franchise rights which had previously provided PBG and PAS with the exclusive and perpetual rights to manufacture and/or distribute beverages for sale in specified territories. Reacquired franchise rights totaling $8 billion were assigned a perpetual life and are, therefore, not amortizable. Amortizable acquired franchise rights of $0.9 billion have weighted-average estimated useful lives of 49 years. Other amortizable intangible assets, primarily customer relationships, have weighted-average estimated useful lives of 20 years.

Under the guidance on accounting for business combinations, merger and integration costs are not included as components of consideration transferred but are accounted for as expenses in the period in which the costs are incurred. See Restructuring, Impairment and Integration Charges for details on the expenses incurred during the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010.

The following table presents unaudited consolidated pro forma financial information as if the closing of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS had occurred on December 27, 2009 for purposes of the financial information presented for the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010; and as if the closing of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS had occurred on December 28, 2008 for purposes of the financial information presented for the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009.

 

     (unaudited)
     12 Weeks Ended    36 Weeks Ended
     9/5/09    9/4/10     9/5/09

Net Revenue

   $ 14,927    $ 41,427      $ 40,317

Net Income Attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 2,041    $ 4,491 (a)    $ 5,144

Net Income Attributable to PepsiCo per Common Share – Diluted

   $ 1.24    $ 2.75 (a)    $ 3.13

 

(a)

Includes PBG/PAS merger and integration costs, inventory fair value adjustments and the gain on previously held equity interests.

The unaudited consolidated pro forma financial information was prepared in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting under existing standards, and the regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have occurred if our acquisitions of PBG and PAS had been completed on the dates indicated, nor is it indicative of the future operating results of PepsiCo.

 

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The historical unaudited consolidated financial information has been adjusted to give effect to pro forma events that are (1) directly attributable to the acquisitions, (2) factually supportable, and (3) expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results of PepsiCo, PBG and PAS.

The unaudited pro forma results have been adjusted with respect to certain aspects of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS to reflect:

 

   

the consummation of the acquisitions;

 

   

consolidation of PBG and PAS which are now owned 100% by PepsiCo and the corresponding gain resulting from the remeasurement of our previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS;

 

   

the elimination of related party transactions between PepsiCo and PBG, and PepsiCo and PAS;

 

   

changes in assets and liabilities to record their preliminary estimated acquisition date fair values and changes in certain expenses resulting therefrom;

 

   

additional indebtedness, including, but not limited to, debt issuance costs and interest expense, incurred in connection with the acquisitions; and

 

   

merger and integration charges associated with the acquisitions.

The unaudited pro forma results do not reflect future events that may occur after the acquisitions, including, but not limited to, the anticipated realization of ongoing savings from operating synergies in subsequent periods. They also do not give effect to certain one-time charges we expect to incur in connection with the acquisitions, including, but not limited to, charges that are expected to achieve ongoing cost savings and synergies.

Intangible Assets

 

 

     9/4/10     12/26/09  

Amortizable intangible assets, net

    

Acquired franchise rights

   $ 943      $   

Reacquired franchise rights

     120          

Brands

     1,440        1,465   

Other identifiable intangibles

     740        505   
                
     3,243        1,970   

Accumulated amortization

     (1,190     (1,129
                
   $ 2,053      $ 841   
                

 

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The change in the book value of nonamortizable intangible assets is as follows:

 

     Balance
12/26/09
   Acquisitions    Translation
and Other
    Balance
9/4/10

FLNA

          

Goodwill

   $ 306    $    $ 2      $ 308

Brands

     30                  30
                            
     336           2        338
                            

QFNA

          

Goodwill

     175                  175
                            
          

LAF

          

Goodwill

     479           7        486

Brands

     136           6        142
                            
     615           13        628
                            

PAB(a)

          

Goodwill

     2,431      6,759      7        9,197

Reacquired franchise rights

          7,482      16        7,498

Acquired franchise rights

          647      901 (b)      1,548

Brands

     112      22      (2     132
                            
     2,543      14,910      922        18,375
                            

Europe(a)

          

Goodwill

     2,624      703      (193     3,134

Reacquired franchise rights

          528      (28     500

Acquired franchise rights

          463      (26     437

Brands

     1,378           (91     1,287
                            
     4,002      1,694      (338     5,358
                            

AMEA

          

Goodwill

     519      84      2        605

Brands

     126      8      1        135
                            
     645      92      3        740
                            

Total goodwill

     6,534      7,546      (175     13,905

Total reacquired franchise rights

          8,010      (12     7,998

Acquired franchise rights

          1,110      875        1,985

Total brands

     1,782      30      (86     1,726
                            
   $ 8,316    $ 16,696    $ 602      $ 25,614
                            

 

(a)

Net increases in 2010 relate primarily to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

 

(b)

Includes $900 million related to our upfront payment to Dr Pepper Snapple Group (DPSG) to manufacture and distribute Dr Pepper and certain other DPSG products.

 

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Stock-Based Compensation

 

In connection with our acquisition of PBG, we issued 13.4 million stock options and 2.7 million RSUs at weighted-average grant prices of $42.89 and $62.30, respectively, to replace previously held PBG equity awards. In connection with our acquisition of PAS, we issued 0.4 million stock options at a weighted-average grant price of $31.72 to replace previously held PAS equity awards. Our equity issuances included 8.3 million stock options and 0.6 million RSUs which were vested at the acquisition date and were included in the purchase price. The remaining 5.5 million stock options and 2.1 million RSUs issued are unvested and are being amortized over their remaining vesting period, up to 3 years.

For the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we recognized stock-based compensation expense of $77 million ($72 million recorded as stock-based compensation expense and $5 million included in PBG/PAS merger and integration charges). Of the $77 million, $12 million was related to the unvested acquisition-related grants described above. For the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we recognized stock-based compensation expense of $236 million ($191 million recorded as stock-based compensation expense and $45 million included in PBG/PAS merger and integration charges). Of the $236 million, $65 million was related to the unvested acquisition-related grants described above. For the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we recognized stock-based compensation expense of $51 million and $159 million, respectively.

In connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, the Compensation Committee of PepsiCo’s Board of Directors elected to delay the annual equity award grant from the first quarter of 2010 to the second quarter of 2010, in order to ensure that all eligible employees receive grants on the same date and at the same market price. For the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, our grants of stock options and RSUs were nominal. For the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we granted 12.2 million stock options and 4.7 million RSUs at weighted-average grant prices of $66.50 and $66.46, respectively, under the terms of our 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan.

As a result of our annual benefits review, during the third quarter of 2010, the Company approved certain changes to our benefits programs to remain market competitive relative to other leading global companies. These changes included ending the Company’s broad-based equity SharePower program. Consequently, beginning in 2011, no new awards will be granted. Outstanding SharePower awards from 2010 and earlier will continue to vest and be exercisable according to the terms and conditions of the program. See Pension and Retiree Medical Benefits for additional information regarding other related changes.

Our weighted-average Black-Scholes fair value assumptions are as follows:

 

     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Expected life

   5 yrs.      6 yrs.   

Risk free interest rate

   2.3   2.8

Expected volatility(a)

   17   17

Expected dividend yield

   2.8   3.0

 

 

(a) Reflects movements in our stock price over the most recent historical period equivalent to the expected life.

 

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Pension and Retiree Medical Benefits

 

In connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we assumed sponsorship of pension and retiree medical plans that provide defined benefits to U.S. and certain international employees. As of the acquisition date, we preliminarily estimated and recorded the following assets and liabilities for these plans and recorded the net funded status:

 

     Pension     Retiree
Medical
 
     U.S.     International        

Fair value of plan assets

   $ 1,633      $ 52      $   

Projected benefit liability

     2,161        90        396   
                        

Funded status

   $ (528   $ (38   $ (396
                        

During the third quarter of 2010, the Compensation Committee of PepsiCo’s Board of Directors approved changes to the U.S. pension and retiree medical plans, effective January 1, 2011. Plan design changes include implementing a new employer contribution to the 401(k) savings plan for certain eligible legacy PBG and PAS salaried employees as well as all future eligible salaried new hires of PepsiCo who are not eligible to participate in the defined benefit pension plan. Plan design changes also include implementing a new defined benefit pension formula for certain legacy PBG and PAS hourly employees and certain eligible hourly new hires and phasing out Company subsidies of retiree medical benefits.

In addition, during the third quarter of 2010, we merged the pension plan assets of the legacy PBG and PAS U.S. pension plans with those of PepsiCo into one master trust.

As a result of these changes, we remeasured our pension and retiree medical expenses and liabilities in the third quarter of 2010, which resulted in a one-time pre-tax curtailment gain of $62 million included in retiree medical expense, a $39 million reduction in our retiree medical obligations and a $674 million increase in our pension obligations.

The components of net periodic benefit cost for pension and retiree medical plans (including, in 2010, the impact of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS and the effects of the subsequent remeasurement of the plans) are as follows:

 

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     12 Weeks Ended  
     Pension     Retiree Medical  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  
     U.S.     International        

Service cost

   $ 73      $ 55      $ 19      $ 11      $ 13      $ 11   

Interest cost

     123        86        26        20        22        18   

Expected return on plan assets

     (158     (107     (31     (25              

Amortization of prior service cost/(benefit)

     3        3        1               (5     (4

Amortization of experience loss

     30        26        6        2        2        3   
                                                
     71        63        21        8        32        28   

Curtailment gain

            (1                   (62       
                                                

Total expense

   $ 71      $ 62      $ 21      $ 8      $ (30   $ 28   
                                                

 

     36 Weeks Ended  
     Pension     Retiree Medical  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  
     U.S.     International        

Service cost

   $ 203      $ 165      $ 52      $ 30      $ 39      $ 31   

Interest cost

     341        258        70        53        65        56   

Expected return on plan assets

     (433     (320     (84     (67              

Amortization of prior service cost/(benefit)

     8        8        2        1        (13     (12

Amortization of experience loss

     80        77        16        5        4        8   
                                                
     199        188        56        22        95        83   

Special termination benefits

     23                             1          

Curtailment gain

     (2     (3                   (62       
                                                

Total expense

   $ 220      $ 185      $ 56      $ 22      $ 34      $ 83   
                                                

In 2010, we made discretionary pension contributions of $1.2 billion and expect to make non-discretionary pension contributions of approximately $100 million. Our cash payments for retiree medical benefits are estimated to be approximately $100 million in 2010.

 

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Income Taxes

 

A rollforward of our reserves for all federal, state and foreign tax jurisdictions, is as follows:

 

     9/4/10     12/26/09  

Balance, beginning of year

   $ 1,731      $ 1,711   

Additions for tax positions related to the current year

     210        238   

Additions for tax positions from prior years

     416        79   

Reductions for tax positions from prior years

     (393     (236

Settlement payments

            (64

Statute of limitations expiration

     (3     (4

Translation and other

            7   
                

Balance, end of period

   $ 1,961 (a)    $ 1,731   
                

 

(a)

Includes a preliminary estimate of amounts related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

 

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Net Income Attributable to PepsiCo per Common Share

 

The computations of basic and diluted net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share are as follows:

 

     12 Weeks Ended
     9/4/10    9/5/09
     Income    Shares(a)    Income     Shares(a)

Net income attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 1,922       $ 1,717     

Preferred shares:

          

Dividends

                 

Redemption premium

             (1  
                    

Net income available for PepsiCo common shareholders

   $ 1,922    1,588    $ 1,716      1,558
                    

Basic net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share

   $ 1.21       $ 1.10     
                    

Net income available for PepsiCo common shareholders

   $ 1,922    1,588    $ 1,716      1,558

Dilutive securities:

          

Stock options and RSUs(b)

        23           18

ESOP convertible preferred stock

        1      1      1
                        

Diluted

   $ 1,922    1,612    $ 1,717      1,577
                        

Diluted net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share

   $ 1.19       $ 1.09     
                    

 

     36 Weeks Ended
     9/4/10    9/5/09
     Income     Shares(a)    Income     Shares(a)

Net income attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 4,955         $ 4,512     

Preferred shares:

         

Dividends

     (1        (1  

Redemption premium

     (2        (3  
                     

Net income available for PepsiCo common shareholders

   $ 4,952      1,593    $ 4,508      1,557
                     

Basic net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share

   $ 3.11         $ 2.90     
                     

Net income available for PepsiCo common shareholders

   $ 4,952      1,593    $ 4,508      1,557

Dilutive securities:

         

Stock options and RSUs(b)

          24           15

ESOP convertible preferred stock

     3      1      4      1
                         

Diluted

   $ 4,955      1,618    $ 4,512      1,573
                         

Diluted net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share

   $ 3.06         $ 2.87     
                     

 

(a)

Weighted-average common shares outstanding.

 

(b)

Options to purchase 31.9 million and 25.1 million shares, respectively, for the 12 and 36 weeks in 2010 were not included in the calculation of earnings per share because these options were out-of-the money. These out-of-the money options had average exercise prices of $66.85 and $67.13, respectively. Options to purchase 31.1 million and 47.1 million shares, respectively, for the 12 and 36 weeks in 2009 were not included in the calculation of earnings per share because these options were out-of-the-money. Out-of-the-money options for the 12 and 36 weeks in 2009 had average exercise prices of $64.02 and $60.43, respectively.

 

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Debt Obligations and Commitments

 

In the first quarter of 2010, we issued $4.25 billion of fixed and floating rate notes. The issuance was comprised of $1.25 billion of floating rate senior unsecured notes maturing in 2011 (the “2011 Floating Rate Notes”), $1.0 billion of 3.10% senior unsecured notes maturing in 2015, $1.0 billion of 4.50% senior unsecured notes maturing in 2020 and $1.0 billion of 5.50% senior unsecured notes maturing in 2040. The 2011 Floating Rate Notes bear interest at a rate equal to the three-month London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 3 basis points. A portion of the net proceeds from the issuance of these notes was used to finance our acquisitions of PBG and PAS. The remainder of the net proceeds from the issuance of these notes was designated for general corporate purposes.

On February 26, 2010, in connection with the transactions contemplated by the PBG Merger Agreement, Metro, PBG, Bottling Group, LLC, which was previously a subsidiary of PBG, and The Bank of New York Mellon (as successor to The Chase Manhattan Bank) (the PBG Trustee) entered into a First Supplemental Indenture (the PBG Supplemental Indenture) to the Indenture dated March 8, 1999 (the PBG Indenture) between PBG, Bottling Group, LLC and the PBG Trustee. Pursuant to the PBG Supplemental Indenture, Metro assumed the due and punctual payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the 7.00% Senior Notes due March 1, 2029 (the 7.00% Notes) under the PBG Indenture. As of September 4, 2010, the outstanding principal amount of the 7.00% Notes was approximately $1 billion. The 7.00% Notes are guaranteed by Bottling Group, LLC.

On February 26, 2010, in connection with the transactions contemplated by the PAS Merger Agreement, Metro, PAS and The Bank New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. (as ultimate successor in interest to The First National Bank of Chicago) (the PAS IL Trustee) entered into a Second Supplemental Indenture (the PAS IL Supplemental Indenture) to the Indenture dated January 15, 1993 (the PAS IL Indenture) between PAS and the PAS IL Trustee. Pursuant to the PAS IL Supplemental Indenture, Metro assumed the due and punctual payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the 7.625% Notes due 2015 (the 7.625% Notes), the 7.29% Notes due 2026 (the 7.29% Notes), the 7.44% Notes due 2026 (the 7.44% Notes) and the 4.50% Notes due 2013 (the 4.50% Notes) under the PAS IL Indenture. As of September 4, 2010, the outstanding principal amount of the 7.625% Notes was approximately $9 million, the outstanding principal amount of the 7.29% Notes was approximately $100 million, the outstanding principal amount of the 7.44% Notes was approximately $25 million and the outstanding principal amount of the 4.50% Notes was approximately $150 million.

On February 26, 2010, also in connection with the transactions contemplated by the PAS Merger Agreement, Metro, PAS and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the PAS MN Trustee, formerly known as Wells Fargo Bank Minnesota, National Association) entered into a First Supplemental Indenture (the PAS MN Supplemental Indenture) to the Indenture dated August 15, 2003 (the PAS MN Indenture) between PAS and the PAS MN Trustee. Pursuant to the PAS MN Supplemental Indenture, Metro assumed the due and punctual payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the 5.625% Notes due 2011 (the 5.625% Notes), the 5.75% Notes due 2012 (the 5.75% Notes), the 4.375% Notes due 2014 (the 4.375% Notes), the 4.875% Notes due 2015 (the 4.875% Notes), the 5.00% Notes due 2017 (the 5.00% Notes) and the 5.50% Notes due 2035 (the 5.50% Notes) under the PAS MN Indenture. As of September 4, 2010, the outstanding principal amount of the 5.625% Notes was approximately $250 million, the outstanding principal amount of the 5.75% Notes was approximately $300 million, the outstanding principal amount of the 4.375% Notes was approximately $350 million, the outstanding principal amount of

 

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the 4.875% Notes was approximately $300 million, the outstanding principal amount of the 5.00% Notes was approximately $250 million and the outstanding principal amount of the 5.50% Notes was approximately $250 million.

As a result of the transactions contemplated by the PBG Merger Agreement, Bottling Group, LLC became a wholly owned subsidiary of Metro. Bottling Group, LLC currently has issued and outstanding approximately $1 billion of its 4.625% Senior Notes due 2012 (the 4.625% Notes), $250 million of its 4.125% Senior Notes due 2015 (the 4.125% Notes), $400 million of its 5.00% Senior Notes due 2013 (the 5.00% Notes), $800 million of 5.50% Senior Notes due 2016 (the 5.50% Notes), $1.3 billion of its 6.95% Senior Notes due 2014 (the 6.95% Notes) and $750 million of its 5.125% Senior Notes due 2019 (the 5.125% Notes). Bottling Group, LLC’s 4.625% Notes and 6.95% Notes are guaranteed by PepsiCo.

Subsequent to the end of the third quarter, Metro’s 7.00% Notes, 7.625% Notes, 7.29% Notes, 7.44% Notes, 4.50% Notes, 5.625% Notes, 5.75% Notes, 4.375% Notes, 4.875% Notes, 5.00% Notes, 5.50% Notes and Bottling Group, LLC’s 5.00% Notes, 4.125% Notes, 5.50% Notes and 5.125% Notes have been guaranteed by PepsiCo.

As of September 4, 2010, the long-term debt acquired from our anchor bottlers (including debt previously issued by PBG, Bottling Group, LLC and PAS) in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS has a total face value of approximately $7,484 million (fair value of $8,842 million) with a weighted-average stated interest rate of 5.7%. This acquired debt has a remaining weighted-average maturity of 7 years. See also Acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

As previously disclosed, we entered into amendments to PBG’s revolving credit facility (the Amended PBG Credit Facility) and PAS’s revolving credit facility (the Amended PAS Credit Facility) and these amendments became effective on February 26, 2010. Under the Amended PBG Credit Facility, Metro is able to borrow up to $1,080 million from time to time. Borrowings under the Amended PBG Credit Facility, which expires in October 2012, are guaranteed by PepsiCo. The Amended PBG Credit Facility was unused as of September 4, 2010. The Amended PAS Credit Facility was terminated on June 16, 2010.

In the third quarter of 2010, we entered into a new 364-day unsecured revolving credit agreement which enables us to borrow up to $2,575 million, subject to customary terms and conditions, and expires in June 2011. We may request renewal of this facility for an additional 364-day period or convert any amounts outstanding into a term loan for a period of up to one year, which would mature no later than June 2012. This agreement replaces a $1,975 million 364-day unsecured revolving credit agreement and the $540 million Amended PAS Credit Facility. Funds borrowed under this new agreement may be used for general corporate purposes, including but not limited to repayment of our outstanding commercial paper, working capital, capital investments and/or acquisitions. This agreement is in addition to our existing $3,080 million unsecured revolving credit agreements which expire in 2012. Our lines of credit remain unused as of September 4, 2010.

As of September 4, 2010, short-term obligations totaled $5,756 million, of which $3,622 million was comprised of commercial paper.

 

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Long-Term Contractual Commitments(a)

 

     Payments Due by Period
     Total    2010    2011 –
2012
   2013 –
2014
   2015 and
beyond

Long-term debt obligations(b)

   $ 18,445    $    $ 2,502    $ 4,527    $ 11,416

Interest on debt obligations(c)

     6,996      256      1,540      1,209      3,991

Operating leases

     1,449      146      541      315      447

Purchasing commitments

     2,631      328      1,373      685      245

Marketing commitments

     806      38      412      162      194
                                  
   $ 30,327    $ 768    $ 6,368    $ 6,898    $ 16,293
                                  

 

 

(a)

Reflects non-cancelable commitments as of September 4, 2010 based on foreign exchange rates in effect at that time and excludes any reserves for uncertain tax positions as we are unable to reasonably predict the ultimate amount or timing of settlement.

 

(b)

Excludes current maturities of long-term debt obligations of $1,614 million.

 

(c)

Interest payments on floating-rate debt are estimated using interest rates effective as of September 4, 2010.

As of September 4, 2010, our total long-term contractual commitments totaled $30,327 million, an increase of $16,606 million from December 26, 2009. This increase is substantially due to the assumption of PBG’s and PAS’s outstanding debt, the issuance of new debt to finance our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, and the associated interest on debt.

Most long-term contractual commitments, except for our long-term debt obligations, are not recorded on our balance sheet. Non-cancelable operating leases primarily represent building leases. Non-cancelable purchasing commitments are primarily for packaging materials, oranges and orange juice. Non-cancelable marketing commitments are primarily for sports marketing. See Pension and Retiree Medical Benefits regarding our pension and retiree medical obligations.

Restructuring, Impairment and Integration Charges

 

In the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we incurred merger and integration charges of $69 million related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, including $38 million recorded in the PAB segment, $15 million recorded in the Europe segment and $16 million recorded in corporate unallocated expenses. In the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we incurred merger and integration charges of $536 million related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, including $334 million recorded in the PAB segment, $44 million recorded in the Europe segment, $128 million recorded in corporate unallocated expenses and $30 million recorded in interest expense. All of these charges, other than the interest expense portion, were recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. These charges are being incurred to help create a more fully integrated supply chain and go-to-market business model, to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the distribution of our brands and to enhance our revenue growth. These charges also include closing costs, one-time financing costs and advisory fees related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS. In addition, in the first quarter of 2010, we recorded $9 million of charges, representing our share of the respective merger costs of PBG and PAS, in bottling equity income. Substantially all cash payments related to the above charges are expected to be paid by the end of 2011. In total, these charges had an after-tax impact of $51 million ($0.03 per share) and $431 million ($0.27 per share)

 

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for the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, respectively. In the second half of 2009, we incurred $50 million of charges related to the merger of PBG and PAS, of which substantially all was paid in 2009.

In the 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we incurred charges of $36 million ($29 million after-tax or $0.02 per share) in conjunction with our Productivity for Growth program. Our Productivity for Growth program was completed in the first half of 2009. These charges were recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. The program included actions in all divisions of the business, including the closure of six plants that we believe will increase cost competitiveness across the supply chain, upgrade and streamline our product portfolio, and simplify the organization for more effective and timely decision-making. Substantially all cash payments related to these charges are expected to be paid by the end of 2010.

A summary of our merger and integration activity in 2010 is as follows:

 

     Severance and Other
Employee Costs
(a)
    Asset
Impairment
    Other Costs     Total  

2010 merger and integration charges

   $ 219      $ 120      $ 206      $ 545   

Cash payments

     (66            (206     (272

Non-cash charges

     (65     (120     11        (174
                                

Liability as of September 4, 2010

   $ 88      $      $ 11      $ 99   
                                

 

(a) Primarily reflects termination costs for approximately 1,140 employees.

Financial Instruments

 

We are exposed to market risks arising from adverse changes in:

 

   

commodity prices, affecting the cost of our raw materials and energy,

 

   

foreign exchange risks, and

 

   

interest rates.

In the normal course of business, we manage these risks through a variety of strategies, including the use of derivatives. Certain derivatives are designated as either cash flow or fair value hedges and qualify for hedge accounting treatment, while others do not qualify and are marked to market through earnings. Cash flows from derivatives used to manage commodity, foreign exchange or interest risks are classified as operating activities. See “Our Business Risks” in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for further unaudited information on our business risks.

For cash flow hedges, changes in fair value are deferred in accumulated other comprehensive loss within common shareholders’ equity until the underlying hedged item is recognized in net income. For fair value hedges, changes in fair value are recognized immediately in earnings, consistent with the underlying hedged item. Hedging transactions are limited to an underlying exposure. As a result, any change in the value of our derivative instruments would be substantially offset by an opposite change in the value of the underlying hedged items. Hedging ineffectiveness and a net earnings impact occur when the change in the value of the hedge does not offset the change in the value of the underlying hedged item. Ineffectiveness of our hedges has not been material. If the

 

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derivative instrument is terminated, we continue to defer the related gain or loss and then include it as a component of the cost of the underlying hedged item. Upon determination that the underlying hedged item will not be part of an actual transaction, we recognize the related gain or loss in net income immediately.

We also use derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. We account for such derivatives at market value with the resulting gains and losses reflected in our income statement. We do not use derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. We perform assessments of our counterparty credit risk regularly, including a review of credit ratings, credit default swap rates and potential nonperformance of the counterparty. Based on our most recent assessment of our counterparty credit risk, we consider this risk to be low. In addition, we enter into derivative contracts with a variety of financial institutions that we believe are creditworthy in order to reduce our concentration of credit risk and generally settle with these financial institutions on a net basis.

Commodity Prices

We are subject to commodity price risk because our ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing may be limited in the competitive environment in which we operate. This risk is managed through the use of fixed-price purchase orders, pricing agreements, geographic diversity and derivatives. We use derivatives, with terms of no more than three years, to economically hedge price fluctuations related to a portion of our anticipated commodity purchases, primarily for natural gas, diesel fuel and aluminum. For those derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting, any ineffectiveness is recorded immediately in corporate unallocated expenses. We classify both the earnings and cash flow impact from these derivatives consistent with the underlying hedged item. During the next 12 months, we expect to reclassify net losses of $19 million related to these hedges from accumulated other comprehensive loss into net income. Derivatives used to hedge commodity price risk that do not qualify for hedge accounting are marked to market each period and reflected in our income statement.

Our open commodity derivative contracts that qualify for hedge accounting had a face value of $577 million as of September 4, 2010 and $169 million as of September 5, 2009. These contracts resulted in net unrealized gains of $7 million as of September 4, 2010 and net unrealized losses of $60 million as of September 5, 2009.

Our open commodity derivative contracts that do not qualify for hedge accounting had a face value of $254 million as of September 4, 2010 and $319 million as of September 5, 2009. These contracts resulted in net losses of $3 million as of September 4, 2010 and $123 million as of September 5, 2009.

Foreign Exchange

Financial statements of foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars using period-end exchange rates for assets and liabilities and weighted-average exchange rates for revenues and expenses. Adjustments resulting from translating net assets are reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss within common shareholders’ equity as currency translation adjustment.

On occasion, we may enter into derivatives, primarily forward contracts with terms of no more than two years, to manage our exposure to foreign currency transaction risk. Exchange rate gains or

 

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losses related to foreign currency transactions are recognized as transaction gains or losses in our income statement as incurred.

Our foreign currency derivatives had a total face value of $1.4 billion as of September 4, 2010 and $1.3 billion as of September 5, 2009. The contracts that qualify for hedge accounting resulted in net unrealized losses of $5 million as of September 4, 2010 and $12 million as of September 5, 2009. During the next 12 months, we expect to reclassify net losses of $2 million related to these hedges from accumulated other comprehensive loss into net income. The contracts that do not qualify for hedge accounting resulted in net gains of $1 million as of September 4, 2010 and $3 million as of September 5, 2009. All losses and gains were offset by changes in the underlying hedged items, resulting in no net material impact on earnings.

Interest Rates

We centrally manage our debt and investment portfolios considering investment opportunities and risks, tax consequences and overall financing strategies. We use various interest rate derivative instruments including, but not limited to, interest rate swaps, cross currency interest rate swaps, Treasury locks and swap locks to manage our overall interest expense and foreign exchange risk. These instruments effectively change the interest rate and currency of specific debt issuances. Certain of our fixed rate indebtedness has been swapped to floating rates. The notional amount, interest payment and maturity date of the interest rate and cross currency swaps match the principal, interest payment and maturity date of the related debt. Our Treasury locks and swap locks are entered into to protect against unfavorable interest rate changes relating to forecasted debt transactions.

The notional amounts of the interest rate derivative instruments outstanding as of September 4, 2010 and September 5, 2009 were $9.2 billion and $5.25 billion, respectively. For those interest rate derivative instruments that qualify for cash flow hedge accounting, any ineffectiveness is recorded immediately. We classify both the earnings and cash flow impact from these interest rate derivative instruments consistent with the underlying hedged item. During the next 12 months, we expect to reclassify net losses of $6 million related to these hedges from accumulated other comprehensive loss into net income.

As of September 4, 2010, approximately 46% of total debt (including indebtedness acquired in our acquisitions of PBG and PAS), after the impact of the related interest rate derivative instruments, was exposed to variable rates, compared to 57% as of December 26, 2009. In addition to variable rate long-term debt, all debt with maturities of less than one year is categorized as variable for purposes of this measure.

 

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Fair Value Measurements

The fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are categorized as follows:

 

     9/4/10
     Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3

Assets (a)

           

Available-for-sale securities(b)

   $ 88    $ 88    $    $

Short-term investments – index funds(c)

   $ 147    $ 147    $    $

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 19    $    $ 19    $

Interest rate derivatives(e)

     402           402     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     45           45     

Commodity contracts – futures(g)

     1      1          
                           
   $ 467    $ 1    $ 466    $

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 6    $    $ 6    $

Interest rate derivatives(e)

     56           56     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     6           6     

Prepaid forward contracts(h)

     48           48     
                           
   $ 116    $    $ 116    $
                           

Total asset derivatives at fair value

   $ 583    $ 1    $ 582    $
                           

Total assets at fair value

   $ 818    $ 236    $ 582    $
                           

Liabilities(a)

           

Deferred compensation( i)

   $ 553    $ 147    $ 406    $

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 24    $    $ 24    $

Interest rate derivatives(e)

     91           91     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     12           12     

Commodity contracts – futures(g)

     27      27          
                           
   $ 154    $ 27    $ 127    $

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 5    $    $ 5    $

Interest rate derivatives(e)

     97           97     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     8           8     

Commodity contracts – futures(g)

     1      1          
                           
   $ 111    $ 1    $ 110    $
                           

Total liability derivatives at fair value

   $ 265    $ 28    $ 237    $
                           

Total liabilities at fair value

   $ 818    $ 175    $ 643    $
                           

 

(a) Financial assets are classified on our balance sheet within other assets, with the exception of short-term investments. Financial liabilities are classified on our balance sheet within other current liabilities and other liabilities.

 

(b) Based on the price of common stock.

 

(c) Based on price changes in index funds used to manage a portion of market risk arising from our deferred compensation liability.

 

(d) Based on observable market transactions of spot and forward rates.

 

(e) Based on LIBOR and recently reported transactions in the marketplace.

 

(f) Based on recently reported transactions in the marketplace, primarily swap arrangements.

 

(g) Based on average prices on futures exchanges.

 

(h) Based primarily on the price of our common stock.

 

(i) Based on the fair value of investments corresponding to employees’ investment elections.

The fair value of our debt obligations as of September 4, 2010 was $25.9 billion, based upon prices of similar instruments in the marketplace.

 

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     9/5/09
     Total    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3

Assets(a)

           

Available-for-sale securities(b)

   $ 60    $ 60    $    $

Short-term investments – index funds(c)

   $ 111    $ 111    $    $

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 18    $    $ 18    $

Interest rate derivatives(e)

     202           202     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     3           3     
                           
   $ 223    $    $ 223    $

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 7    $    $ 7    $

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     5           5     

Prepaid forward contracts(h)

     43           43     
                           
   $ 55    $    $ 55    $
                           

Total asset derivatives at fair value

   $ 278    $    $ 278    $
                           

Total assets at fair value

   $ 449    $ 171    $ 278    $
                           

Liabilities(a)

           

Deferred compensation( i)

   $ 452    $ 107    $ 345    $

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 30    $    $ 30    $

Interest rate swaps(e)

     67           67     

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     14           14     

Commodity contracts – futures(g)

     49      49          
                           
   $ 160    $ 49    $ 111    $

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Forward exchange contracts(d)

   $ 4    $    $ 4    $

Commodity contracts – other(f)

     109           109     

Commodity contracts – futures(g)

     19      19          
                           
   $ 132    $ 19    $ 113    $
                           

Total liability derivatives at fair value

   $ 292    $ 68    $ 224    $
                           

Total liabilities at fair value

   $ 744    $ 175    $ 569    $   –
                           

 

(a) Financial assets are classified on our balance sheet as other assets, with the exception of short-term investments. Financial liabilities are classified on our balance sheet as other liabilities.

 

(b) Based on the price of common stock.

 

(c) Based on price changes in index funds used to manage a portion of market risk arising from our deferred compensation liability.

 

(d) Based on observable market transactions of spot and forward rates.

 

(e) Based on LIBOR and recently reported transactions in the marketplace.

 

(f) Based on recently reported transactions in the marketplace, primarily swap arrangements.

 

(g) Based on average prices on futures exchanges.

 

(h) Based primarily on the price of our common stock.

 

(i) Based on the fair value of investments corresponding to employees’ investment elections.

 

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The effective portion of the pre-tax (gains)/losses on our derivative instruments are categorized in the tables below.

 

     12 Weeks Ended
9/4/10
     Losses/(Gains)
Recognized in
Income
Statement
    Losses/(Gains)
Recognized in
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
    Losses Reclassified
from Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
into Income
Statement

Fair Value/Non-designated Hedges

      

Forward exchange contracts(a)

   $ 5       

Interest rate derivatives(b)

     (135    

Prepaid forward contracts(a)

     (2    

Commodity contracts(a)

     (15    
            

Total

   $ (147    
            

Cash Flow Hedges

      

Forward exchange contracts(c)

     $ 17      $ 10

Commodity contracts(c)

       (32     12

Interest rate derivatives(b)

       62       
                

Total

     $ 47      $ 22
                
     36 Weeks Ended
9/4/10
     Gains
Recognized in
Income
Statement
    Losses
Recognized in
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
    Losses Reclassified
from Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
into Income
Statement

Fair Value/Non-designated Hedges

      

Forward exchange contracts(a)

   $       

Interest rate derivatives(b)

     (195    

Prepaid forward contracts(a)

     (4    

Commodity contracts(a)

     (58    
            

Total

   $ (257    
            

Cash Flow Hedges

      

Forward exchange contracts(c)

     $ 9      $ 32

Commodity contracts(c)

       26        28

Interest rate derivatives(b)

       98       
                

Total

     $ 133      $ 60
                

 

(a) Included in corporate unallocated expenses.

 

(b) Included in interest expense in our income statement.

 

(c) Included in cost of sales in our income statement.

 

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     12 Weeks Ended
9/5/09
 
     Gains
Recognized in
Income
Statement
    Losses
Recognized in
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
   (Gains)/Losses
Reclassified from
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
into Income
Statement
 

Fair Value/Non-designated Hedges

       

Forward exchange contracts(a)

   $ (32     

Commodity contracts(a)

     (29     

Interest rate swaps(b)

     (93     

Prepaid forward contracts(a)

     (2     
             

Total

   $ (156     
             

Cash Flow Hedges

       

Forward exchange contracts(c)

     $ 16    $ (10

Commodity contracts(c)

       20      25   

Interest rate derivatives(b)

       66        
                 

Total

     $ 102    $ 15   
                 

 

     36 Weeks Ended
9/5/09
 
     (Gains)/Losses
Recognized in
Income
Statement
    Losses
Recognized in
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
   (Gains)/Losses
Reclassified from
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
into Income
Statement
 

Fair Value/Non-designated Hedges

       

Forward exchange contracts(a)

   $ (31     

Commodity contracts(a)

     (191     

Interest rate swaps(b)

     171        

Prepaid forward contracts(a)

     (2     
             

Total

   $ (53     
             

Cash Flow Hedges

       

Forward exchange contracts(c)

     $ 67    $ (62

Commodity contracts(c)

       14      58   

Interest rate derivatives(b)

       66        
                 

Total

     $ 147    $ (4
                 

 

(a)

Included in corporate unallocated expenses.

 

(b)

Included in interest expense in our income statement.

 

(c)

Included in cost of sales in our income statement.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) amended its accounting guidance on the consolidation of variable interest entities (VIE). Among other things, the new guidance requires a qualitative rather than a quantitative assessment to determine the primary beneficiary of a VIE based on whether the entity (1) has the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of the VIE and (2) has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. In addition, the amended guidance requires an ongoing reconsideration of the primary beneficiary. The provisions of this new guidance were effective as of the beginning of our 2010 fiscal year, and the adoption did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In the second quarter of 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was signed into law. The PPACA changes the tax treatment related to an existing retiree drug subsidy (RDS) available to sponsors of retiree health benefit plans that provide a benefit that is at least actuarially equivalent to the benefits under Medicare Part D. As a result of the PPACA, RDS payments will effectively become taxable in tax years beginning in 2013, by requiring the amount of the subsidy received to be offset against our deduction for health care expenses. The provisions of the PPACA required us to record the effect of this tax law change beginning in our second quarter of 2010, and consequently we recorded a one-time related tax charge of $41 million in the second quarter of 2010. We are currently evaluating the longer-term impacts of this new legislation.

 

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ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

FINANCIAL REVIEW

 

Our discussion and analysis is an integral part of understanding our financial results. Also refer to Basis of Presentation and Our Divisions in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Tabular dollars are presented in millions, except per share amounts. All per share amounts reflect common per share amounts, assume dilution unless otherwise noted and are based on unrounded amounts. Percentage changes are based on unrounded amounts.

Our Critical Accounting Policies

 

Sales Incentives and Advertising and Marketing Costs

We offer sales incentives and discounts through various programs to customers and consumers. These incentives are accounted for as a reduction of revenue. Certain sales incentives are recognized at the time of sale while other incentives, such as bottler funding and customer volume rebates, are recognized during the year incurred, generally in proportion to revenue, based on annual targets. Anticipated payments are estimated based on historical experience with similar programs and require management judgment with respect to estimating customer participation and performance levels. Differences between estimated expense and actual incentive costs are normally insignificant and are recognized in earnings in the period such differences are determined. In addition, certain advertising and marketing costs are also recognized during the year incurred, generally in proportion to revenue.

Income Taxes

In determining our quarterly provision for income taxes, we use an estimated annual effective tax rate which is based on our expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available to us in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Subsequent recognition, derecognition and measurement of a tax position taken in a previous period are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur.

Goodwill and Other Nonamortizable Assets

In connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we reacquired certain franchise rights which provided PBG and PAS with the exclusive and perpetual rights to manufacture and/or distribute beverages for sale in specified territories. In determining the useful life of these reacquired franchise rights, we considered many factors including the existing perpetual bottling arrangements, the indefinite period expected for the reacquired rights to contribute to our future cash flows, as well as the lack of any factors that would limit the useful life of the reacquired rights to us, including legal, regulatory, contractual, competitive, economic or other factors. Therefore, certain reacquired franchise rights, as well as perpetual brands and goodwill, will not be amortized, but instead will be tested for impairment at least annually. Certain reacquired and acquired franchise rights are amortizable over the remaining contractual period of the contract in which the right was granted.

On December 7, 2009, we reached an agreement with DPSG to manufacture and distribute Dr Pepper and certain other DPSG products in the territories where they were previously sold by PBG and PAS. Under the terms of the agreement, we made an upfront payment of $900 million to

 

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DPSG on February 26, 2010. Based upon the terms of the agreement with DPSG, the amount of the upfront payment has been capitalized and will not be amortized, but instead will be tested for impairment at least annually.

Our Business Risks

 

We discuss expectations regarding our future performance, such as our business outlook, in our annual and quarterly reports, press releases, and other written and oral statements. These “forward-looking statements” are based on currently available information, operating plans and projections about future events and trends. They are inherently uncertain, and investors must recognize that events could turn out to be significantly different from our expectations. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Our operations outside of the United States generate approximately 45% of our net revenue. As a result, we are exposed to foreign currency risks, including unforeseen economic changes and political unrest. During the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, unfavorable foreign currency reduced net revenue growth by 1 percentage point, primarily due to depreciation of the Venezuelan bolivar fuerte (bolivar), euro and British pound, partially offset by appreciation of the Mexican peso. During the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, favorable foreign currency contributed 1 percentage point to net revenue growth, primarily due to appreciation of the Mexican peso, Canadian dollar and Brazilian real, partially offset by depreciation of the Venezuelan bolivar. Currency declines against the U.S. dollar which are not offset could adversely impact our future results. At September 4, 2010, we estimate that an unfavorable 10% change in the exchange rates (relative to the contract rates on our hedges) would have increased our net unrealized losses on outstanding foreign currency derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting by $105 million.

In addition, we continue to use the official exchange rate to remeasure the financial statements of our snack and beverage businesses in Venezuela. We use the official rate as we currently intend to remit dividends solely through the government-operated Foreign Exchange Administration Board (CADIVI). As of the beginning of our 2010 fiscal year, the results of our Venezuelan businesses are reported under hyperinflationary accounting. This determination was made based upon Venezuela’s National Consumer Price Index (NCPI) which indicated cumulative inflation in Venezuela in excess of 100% for the three-year period ended November 30, 2009. Consequently, the functional currency of our Venezuelan entities changed from the bolivar to the U.S. dollar. Effective January 11, 2010, the Venezuelan government devalued the bolivar by resetting the official exchange rate from 2.15 bolivars per dollar to 4.3 bolivars per dollar; however, certain activities are permitted to access an exchange rate of 2.6 bolivars per dollar. Effective June 2010, the Central Bank of Venezuela began accepting and approving applications, under certain conditions, for non-CADIVI exchange transactions at the weighted-average implicit exchange rate obtained from the Transaction System for Foreign Currency Denominated Securities (“SITME”). As of September 4, 2010, this rate was 5.3 bolivars per dollar. We continue to use all available options, including CADIVI, SITME and bond auctions, to obtain U.S. dollars to meet our operational needs. In 2010, the majority of our transactions continue to be remeasured at the 4.3 exchange rate, and as a result of the change to hyperinflationary accounting and the devaluation of the bolivar, we recorded a one-time net charge of $120 million in the first quarter of 2010. In the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, our operations in Venezuela generated less than 1% of our net revenue.

 

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We expect to be able to reduce the impact of volatility in our raw material and energy costs through our hedging strategies and ongoing sourcing initiatives. As of September 4, 2010, a 10% decrease in the underlying commodity price would have increased our net unrealized losses in the fair value of commodity derivative instruments that qualify for hedge accounting by $58 million. As of September 4, 2010, a 10% decrease in the underlying commodity price would have increased our net losses in the fair value of commodity derivative instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting by $25 million.

See Financial Instruments in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of our derivative instruments, including their fair values as of September 4, 2010 and September 5, 2009. Assuming variable rate debt and investment levels as of September 4, 2010, a 1-percentage-point increase in interest rates would have increased full-year net interest expense by $54 million.

Cautionary statements included in Item 1A. Risk Factors and Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Our Business Risks in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2009 should be considered when evaluating our trends and future results.

 

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Results of Operations – Consolidated Review

 

Items Affecting Comparability

Our reported financial results are impacted by the following items in each of the following periods:

 

     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     9/4/10     9/5/09  

Operating profit

        

Mark-to-market net gains

   $ 16      $ 29      $ 58      $ 191   

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

   $      $      $      $ (36

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

   $ (69   $ (1   $ (506   $ (1

Inventory fair value adjustments

   $ (17   $      $ (374   $   

Venezuela currency devaluation

   $      $      $ (120   $   

Asset write-off

   $      $      $ (145   $   

Foundation contribution

   $      $      $ (100   $   

Bottling equity income

        

Gain on previously held equity interests

   $      $      $ 735      $   

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

   $      $ (8   $ (9   $ (8

Interest expense

        

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

   $      $      $ (30   $   

Net income attributable to PepsiCo

        

Mark-to-market net gains

   $ 10      $ 19      $ 36      $ 124   

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

   $      $      $      $ (29

Gain on previously held equity interests

   $      $      $ 958      $   

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

   $ (51   $ (8   $ (431   $ (8

Inventory fair value adjustments

   $ (11   $      $ (319   $   

Venezuela currency devaluation

   $      $      $ (120   $   

Asset write-off

   $      $      $ (92   $   

Foundation contribution

   $      $      $ (64   $   

Net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share diluted

        

Mark-to-market net gains

   $ 0.01      $ 0.01      $ 0.02      $ 0.08   

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

   $      $      $      $ (0.02

Gain on previously held equity interests

   $      $      $ 0.60      $   

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

   $ (0.03   $ (0.01   $ (0.27   $ (0.01

Inventory fair value adjustments

   $ (0.01   $      $ (0.20   $   

Venezuela currency devaluation

   $      $      $ (0.07   $   

Asset write-off

   $      $      $ (0.06   $   

Foundation contribution

   $      $      $ (0.04   $   

Mark-to-Market Net Impact

We centrally manage commodity derivatives on behalf of our divisions. These commodity derivatives include energy, fruit, aluminum and other raw materials. Certain of these commodity derivatives do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment and are marked to market with the resulting gains and losses recognized in corporate unallocated expenses. These gains and losses are subsequently reflected in division results when the divisions take delivery of the underlying commodity.

 

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For the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we recognized $16 million ($10 million after-tax or $0.01 per share) of mark-to-market net gains on commodity hedges in corporate unallocated expenses. For the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we recognized $58 million ($36 million after-tax or $0.02 per share) of mark-to-market net gains on commodity hedges in corporate unallocated expenses.

For the 12 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we recognized $29 million ($19 million after-tax or $0.01 per share) of mark-to-market net gains on commodity hedges in corporate unallocated expenses. For the 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we recognized $191 million ($124 million after-tax or $0.08 per share) of mark-to-market net gains on commodity hedges in corporate unallocated expenses.

2009 Restructuring and Impairment Charges

In the 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we incurred charges of $36 million ($29 million after-tax or $0.02 per share) in conjunction with our Productivity for Growth program. The program included actions in all divisions of the business, including the closure of six plants that we believe will increase cost competitiveness across the supply chain, upgrade and streamline our product portfolio, and simplify the organization for more effective and timely decision-making. These initiatives were completed in the second quarter of 2009.

Gain on Previously Held Equity Interests

In the first quarter of 2010, in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, we recorded a gain on our previously held equity interests of $958 million ($0.60 per share), comprising $735 million which is non-taxable and recorded in bottling equity income and $223 million related to the reversal of deferred tax liabilities associated with these previously held equity interests.

PBG/PAS Merger and Integration Charges

In the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we incurred merger and integration charges of $69 million related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, including $38 million recorded in the PAB segment, $15 million recorded in the Europe segment and $16 million recorded in corporate unallocated expenses. In the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we incurred merger and integration charges of $536 million related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, including $334 million recorded in the PAB segment, $44 million recorded in the Europe segment, $128 million recorded in corporate unallocated expenses and $30 million recorded in interest expense. These charges are being incurred to help create a more fully integrated supply chain and go-to-market business model, to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the distribution of our brands and to enhance our revenue growth. These charges also include closing costs, one-time financing costs and advisory fees related to our acquisitions of PBG and PAS. In addition, we recorded $9 million of charges, representing our share of the respective merger costs of PBG and PAS, in bottling equity income. In total, for the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, these charges had an after-tax impact of $51 million (or $0.03 per share) and $431 million (or $0.27 per share), respectively.

In the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 5, 2009, we incurred $1 million of merger-related charges, as well as an additional $8 million of merger-related charges, representing our share of the respective merger costs of PBG and PAS, recorded in bottling equity income. In total, these charges had an after-tax impact of $8 million (or $0.01 per share).

 

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Inventory Fair Value Adjustments

In the 12 and 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, we recorded $17 million ($11 million after-tax or $0.01 per share) and $374 million ($319 million after-tax or $0.20 per share), respectively, of incremental costs related to fair value adjustments to the acquired inventory and other related hedging contracts included in PBG’s and PAS’s balance sheets at the acquisition date. Substantially all of these costs were recorded in cost of sales.

Venezuela Currency Devaluation

As of the beginning of our 2010 fiscal year, we recorded a one-time $120 million net charge related to our change to hyperinflationary accounting for our Venezuelan businesses and the related devaluation of the bolivar. $129 million of this net charge was recorded in corporate unallocated expenses, with the balance (income of $9 million) recorded in our PAB segment. In total, this net charge had an after-tax impact of $120 million or $0.07 per share.

Asset Write-Off

In the first quarter of 2010, we recorded a $145 million charge ($92 million after-tax or $0.06 per share) related to a change in scope of one release in our ongoing migration to SAP software. This change was driven, in part, by a review of our North America systems strategy following our acquisitions of PBG and PAS. This change does not impact our overall commitment to continue our implementation of SAP across our global operations over the next few years.

Foundation Contribution

In the first quarter of 2010, we made a $100 million ($64 million after-tax or $0.04 per share) contribution to The PepsiCo Foundation, Inc., in order to fund charitable and social programs over the next several years. This contribution was recorded in corporate unallocated expenses.

Non-GAAP Measures

Certain measures contained in this Form 10-Q are financial measures that are adjusted for items affecting comparability (see “Items Affecting Comparability” for a detailed list and description of each of these items), as well as, in certain instances, adjusted for foreign currency. These measures are not in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Items adjusted for currency assume foreign currency exchange rates used for translation based on the rates in effect for the comparable prior-year period. We believe investors should consider these non-GAAP measures in evaluating our results as they are more indicative of our ongoing performance and with how management evaluates our operational results and trends. These measures are not, and should not be viewed as, a substitute for U.S. GAAP reporting measures. See also “Management Operating Cash Flow.”

Volume

Since our divisions each use different measures of physical unit volume, a common servings metric is necessary to reflect our consolidated physical unit volume. For the 12 weeks ended September 4, 2010, total servings increased 8%, as worldwide snacks increased 2.5% and worldwide beverages

 

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increased 11%. For the 36 weeks ended September 4, 2010, total servings increased 6%, as worldwide snacks increased 2% and worldwide beverages increased 8%.

We discuss volume for our beverage businesses on a bottler case sales (BCS) basis in which all beverage volume is converted to an 8-ounce-case metric. Most of our beverage volume is sold by our company-owned and franchise-owned bottlers, and that portion is based on our bottlers’ sales to retailers and independent distributors. The remainder of our volume is based on our direct shipments to retailers and independent distributors. We report our international beverage volume on a monthly basis. Our third quarter includes beverage volume outside of North America for June, July and August. Concentrate shipments and equivalents (CSE) represent our physical beverage volume shipments to independent bottlers, retailers and independent distributors, and is the measure upon which our revenue is based.

Consolidated Results

Total Net Revenue and Operating Profit

 

     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     Change     9/4/10     9/5/09     Change  

Total net revenue

   $ 15,514      $ 11,080      40   $ 39,683      $ 29,935      33

Operating profit

            

FLNA

   $ 907      $ 822      10   $ 2,522      $ 2,302      10

QFNA

     126        131      (5 )%      393        438      (11 )% 

LAF

     238        199      20     616        603      2

PAB

     1,017        607      68     2,042        1,650      24

Europe

     423        318      33     802        673      19

AMEA

     244        297      (18 )%      681        670      2

Corporate Unallocated

            

Net impact of mark-to-market on commodity hedges

     16        29      (48 )%      58        191      (70 )% 

PBG/PAS merger and integration costs

     (16     (1   n/m        (128     (1   n/m   

Venezuela currency devaluation

                        (129          n/m   

Asset write-off

                        (145          n/m   

Foundation contribution

                        (100          n/m   

Other

     (155     (170   (9 )%      (511     (516   (1 )% 
                                    

Total operating profit

   $ 2,800      $ 2,232      25   $ 6,101      $ 6,010      1.5
                                    

Total operating profit margin

     18.0     20.1   (2.1     15.4     20.1   (4.7

n/m = not meaningful

See “Results of Operations – Division Review” for a tabular presentation and discussion of key drivers of net revenue.

 

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12 Weeks

On a reported basis, total operating profit increased 25% and operating margin decreased 2.1 percentage points. Operating profit performance largely reflects the incremental operating results from our acquisitions of PBG and PAS. Additionally, items affecting comparability (see “Items Affecting Comparability”) reduced operating profit by 5 percentage points and contributed 0.7 percentage points to the total operating margin decline.

36 Weeks

On a reported basis, total operating profit increased 1.5% and operating margin decreased 4.7 percentage points. Operating profit performance was impacted primarily by items affecting comparability (see “Items Affecting Comparability”) which reduced operating profit by 23 percentage points and contributed 3.5 percentage points to the total operating margin decline. Operating profit performance also reflects the incremental operating results from our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

 

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Other Consolidated Results

 

     12 Weeks Ended     36 Weeks Ended  
     9/4/10     9/5/09     Change     9/4/10     9/5/09     Change  

Bottling equity income

   $ 10      $ 146      $ (136   $ 728      $ 290      $ 438   

Interest expense, net

   $ (151   $ (70   $ (81   $ (469   $ (241   $ (228

Tax rate

     27.4     24.9       21.7     25.0  

Net income attributable to PepsiCo

   $ 1,922      $ 1,717        12   $ 4,955      $ 4,512        10

Net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share – diluted

   $ 1.19      $ 1.09        9   $ 3.06      $ 2.87        7

Mark-to-market net gains

     (0.01     (0.01       (0.02     (0.08  

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

                            0.02     

Gain on previously held equity interests

                     (0.60         

PBG/PAS merger and integration charges

     0.03        0.01          0.27        0.01     

Inventory fair value adjustments

     0.01                 0.20            

Venezuela currency devaluation

                     0.07            

Asset write-off

                     0.06            

Foundation contribution

                     0.04            
                                    

Net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share – diluted, excluding above items*

   $ 1.22      $ 1.08 **      13   $ 3.08      $ 2.81 **      10
                                    

Impact of foreign currency translation

         1              
                        

Growth in net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share – diluted, excluding above items, on a constant currency basis*

         15 %**          10
                        

 

*

See “Non-GAAP Measures”

**

Does not sum due to rounding

 

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12 Weeks

Bottling equity income decreased $136 million, primarily reflecting the consolidation of the financial results of the acquired bottlers in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS.

Net interest expense increased $81 million, primarily reflecting higher average debt balances, partially offset by lower average rates on our debt balances.

The reported tax rate increased 2.5 percentage points compared to the prior year, primarily reflecting the favorable resolution of certain foreign tax matters and certain deferred tax adjustments recorded in the prior year.

Net income attributable to PepsiCo increased 12% and net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share increased 9%. Items affecting comparability (see “Items Affecting Comparability”) decreased both net income attributable to PepsiCo and net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share by 4 percentage points.

36 Weeks

Bottling equity income increased $438 million, primarily reflecting the gain on our previously held equity interests in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, partially offset by the consolidation of the related financial results of the acquired bottlers.

Net interest expense increased $228 million, primarily reflecting higher average debt balances and bridge and term financing costs in connection with our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, partially offset by lower average rates on our debt balances.

The reported tax rate decreased 3.3 percentage points compared to the prior year, primarily reflecting the impact of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS, which includes the reversal of deferred taxes attributable to our previously held equity interests in PBG and PAS, as well as the favorable resolution of certain tax matters in the first quarter of 2010.

Net income attributable to PepsiCo increased 10% and net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share increased 7%. Items affecting comparability (see “Items Affecting Comparability”) decreased both net income attributable to PepsiCo and net income attributable to PepsiCo per common share by 3 percentage points.

Results of Operations – Division Review

 

The results and discussions below are based on how our Chief Executive Officer monitors the performance of our divisions. For additional information, see Our Divisions and Restructuring, Impairment and Integration Charges in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and “Items Affecting Comparability.”

Furthermore, in the discussions of net revenue and operating profit below, “effective net pricing” reflects the year-over-year impact of discrete pricing actions, sales incentive activities and mix resulting from selling varying products in different package sizes and in different countries, and “net pricing” reflects the year-over-year combined impact of list price changes, weight changes per package, discounts and allowances. Additionally, “acquisitions”, except as otherwise noted, reflect

 

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all mergers and acquisitions activity, including the impact of acquisitions, divestitures and changes in ownership or control in consolidated subsidiaries and nonconsolidated equity investees.

 

Net Revenue

12 Weeks Ended

   FLNA     QFNA     LAF     PAB     Europe     AMEA     Total  

September 4, 2010

   $ 3,244      $ 407      $ 1,542      $ 5,792      $ 2,762      $ 1,767      $ 15,514   

September 5, 2009

   $ 3,198      $ 418      $ 1,396      $ 2,656      $ 1,874      $ 1,538      $ 11,080   

% Impact of:

              

Volume(a)

     0.5     (1 )%      5     *        *        9     *   

Effective net pricing(b)

            (2     7        *        *        3        *   

Foreign exchange

     1        1        (2            (8     2        (1

Acquisitions

                          *        *        1        *   
                                                        

% Change(c)

     1.5     (3 )%      10     118     47     15     40
                                                        

 

Net Revenue

36 Weeks Ended

   FLNA     QFNA     LAF     PAB     Europe     AMEA     Total  

September 4, 2010

   $ 9,506      $ 1,266      $ 4,063      $ 14,105      $ 6,171      $ 4,572      $ 39,683   

September 5, 2009

   $ 9,336      $ 1,299      $ 3,641      $ 7,362      $ 4,463      $ 3,834      $ 29,935   

% Impact of:

              

Volume(a)

     1     (1 )%      3     *        *        11     *   

Effective net pricing(b)

            (3     6        *        *        4        *   

Foreign exchange

     1        1        3                      4        1   

Acquisitions

                          *        *        1        *   
                                                        

% Change(c)

     2     (3 )%      12     92     38     19     33
                                                        

 

(a) Excludes the impact of acquisitions. In certain instances, volume growth varies from the amounts disclosed in the following divisional discussions due to nonconsolidated joint venture volume, and, for our beverage businesses, temporary timing differences between BCS and CSE. Our net revenue excludes nonconsolidated joint venture volume, and, for our beverage businesses, is based on CSE.

 

(b) Includes the year-over-year impact of discrete pricing actions, sales incentive activities and mix resulting from selling varying products in different package sizes and in different countries.

 

(c) Amounts may not sum due to rounding.

 

* It is impractical to separately determine and quantify the impact of our acquisitions of PBG and PAS from changes in our pre-existing beverage business since we now manage these businesses as an integrated system.

 

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Frito-Lay North America

 

     12 Weeks Ended    %     36 Weeks Ended    %  
     9/4/10    9/5/09    Change     9/4/10    9/5/09    Change  

Net revenue

   $ 3,244    $ 3,198    1.5      $ 9,506    $ 9,336    2   
                                

Impact of foreign currency translation

         (1         (1
                        

Net revenue growth, on a constant currency basis*

         1 **          1   
                        

Operating profit

   $ 907    $ 822    10      $ 2,522    $ 2,302    10   

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

                      2   
                                

Operating profit, excluding above item*

   $ 907    $ 822    10      $ 2,522    $ 2,304    9   
                                

Impact of foreign currency translation

         (1         (1
                        

Operating profit growth excluding above item, on a constant currency basis*

         10 **          9 ** 
                        

 

* See “Non-GAAP Measures”
** Does not sum due to rounding

12 Weeks

Pound volume declined 2%, primarily due to the overlap of the 2009 “20% More Free” promotion. Net revenue grew 1.5%, reflecting mid-single-digit revenue growth in trademark Lay’s, double-digit revenue growth in trademark Ruffles and high-single-digit revenue growth in variety packs. These gains were partially offset by a double-digit decline in SunChips. Foreign currency contributed almost 1 percentage point to the net revenue growth.

Operating profit grew 10%, reflecting lower commodity costs, primarily cooking oil and fuel, as well as the net revenue growth.

36 Weeks

Pound volume declined 1.5%, primarily due to the overlap of the 2009 “20% More Free” promotion. Net revenue grew 2%, reflecting high-single-digit revenue growth in trademark Lay’s and trademark Ruffles and double-digit revenue growth in variety packs. These gains were partially offset by a double-digit decline in SunChips. Foreign currency contributed 1 percentage point to the net revenue growth.

Operating profit grew 10%, reflecting lower commodity costs, primarily cooking oil.

 

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Quaker Foods North America

 

     12 Weeks Ended    %     36 Weeks Ended    %  
     9/4/10    9/5/09    Change     9/4/10    9/5/09    Change  

Net revenue

   $ 407    $ 418    (3   $ 1,266    $ 1,299    (3
                                

Impact of foreign currency translation

         (1         (1
                        

Net revenue growth, on a constant currency basis*

         (3.5 )**          (4
                        

Operating profit

   $ 126    $ 131    (5   $ 393    $ 438    (11

2009 restructuring and impairment charges

                      1   
                                

Operating profit, excluding above item*

   $ 126    $ 131    (5   $ 393    $ 439    (11
                                

Impact of foreign currency translation

                    (1
                        

Operating profit growth excluding above item, on a constant currency basis*

         (5.5 )**          (11 )** 
                        

 

* See “Non-GAAP Measures”
** Does not sum due to rounding

12 Weeks

Net revenue declined 3% and volume declined 1%. The volume decline primarily reflects high-single-digit declines in trademark Roni and low-single-digit declines in Oatmeal, partially offset by a mid-single-digit increase in ready-to-eat cereals. Unfavorable net pricing also contributed to the net revenue decline. Favorable foreign currency positively contributed nearly 1 percentage point to the net revenue performance.

Operating profit declined 5%, primarily reflecting the net revenue performance.

36 Weeks

Net revenue declined 3% and volume declined 1%. The volume decline primarily reflects low-single-digit declines in Oatmeal. Unfavorable net pricing and mix also contributed to the net revenue decline. Favorable foreign currency positively contributed over 1 percentage point to the net revenue performance.

Operating profit declined 11%, reflecting the net revenue performance, as well as insurance settlement recoveries recorded in the prior year related to the Cedar Rapids flood, which negatively impacted operating profit performance by over 4 percentage points.

 

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Latin America Foods

 

     12 Weeks Ended    %    36 Weeks Ended    %  
     9/4/10    9/5/09    Change    9/4/10    9/5/09    Change  

Net revenue

   $ 1,542    $ 1,396    10    $ 4,063    $ 3,641    12