10-K 1 d327496d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016        Commission File Number 001-12103

      PEOPLES FINANCIAL CORPORATION

      (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)            

 

                                         Mississippi      

    64-0709834

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)      

    (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

Lameuse and Howard Avenues, Biloxi, Mississippi  39533   

            228-435-5511

(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)                   (Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (b) of the Act:

                                                 Name of Each Exchange on

Title of Each Class                          Which Registered        

None                                         None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act:

                    Common, $1.00 Par Value                    

(Title of each class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES ____ NO   X  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. YES ____ NO       X    

Note - Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES        X       NO ____

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   X   No ___

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrant’s knowledge in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to the Form 10-K.   X   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ___       Accelerated filer ____                     Non-Accelerated filer ___                      Smaller reporting company X  

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ____ NO       X    

At June 30, 2016, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $47,946,000.

On February 17, 2017, the registrant had outstanding 5,123,186 shares of common stock, par value of $1.00 per share.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement issued in connection with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held April 26, 2017, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.


Table of Contents

Peoples Financial Corporation

Form 10-K

Index

 

PART I

    

Item 1.

 

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

     3  

Item 1A.

 

RISK FACTORS

     36  

Item 1B.

 

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

     42  

Item 2.

 

PROPERTIES

     43  

Item 3.

 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

     43  

Item 4.

 

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

     43  

PART II

    

Item 5.

 

MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

     44  

Item 6.

 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

     45  

Item 7.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     46  

Item 7A.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

     60  

Item 8.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

     60  

Item 9.

 

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

     116  

Item 9A.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

     116  

Item 9B.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

     117  

Part III

    

Item 10.

 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

     117  

Item 11.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

     117  

Item 12.

 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

     117  

Item 13.

 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

     118  

Item 14.

 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

     118  

PART IV

    

Item 15.

 

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

     118  

 

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PART I

ITEM 1 - DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

BACKGROUND AND CURRENT OPERATIONS

General

Peoples Financial Corporation (the “Company”) was organized as a one bank holding company in 1985. The Company is headquartered in Biloxi, Mississippi. At December 31, 2016, the Company operated in the state of Mississippi through its wholly-owned subsidiary, The Peoples Bank, Biloxi, Mississippi (the “Bank”). The Company is engaged, through this subsidiary, in the banking business. The Bank is the Company’s principal asset and primary source of revenue.

The Main Office, operations center and asset management and trust services of the Bank are located in downtown Biloxi, MS. At December 31, 2016, the Bank also had 17 branches located throughout Harrison, Hancock, Jackson and Stone Counties. The Bank has automated teller machines (“ATM”) at its Main Office, all branch locations and at numerous non-proprietary locations.

The Bank Subsidiary

The Company’s wholly-owned bank subsidiary was originally chartered in 1896 in Biloxi, Mississippi, as The Peoples Bank of Biloxi. The Bank is a state chartered bank whose deposits are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. The Bank is not a member of the Federal Reserve System. The legal name of the Bank was changed to The Peoples Bank, Biloxi, Mississippi, during 1991.

Most of the Bank’s business originates from Harrison, Hancock, Stone and Jackson Counties in Mississippi; however, some business is obtained from other counties in southern Mississippi, southern Louisiana and southern Alabama.

Nonbank Subsidiary

In 1985, PFC Service Corp. (“PFC”) was chartered and began operations as the second wholly-owned subsidiary of Peoples Financial Corporation. The purpose of PFC was principally the leasing of automobiles and equipment. PFC is inactive at this time.

Products And Services

The Bank currently offers a variety of services to individuals and small to middle market businesses within its trade area. The Company’s trade area is defined as those portions of Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama which are within a fifty mile radius of the Waveland, Wiggins and Gautier branches, the bank subsidiary’s three most outlying locations.

The Bank’s primary lending focus is to offer business, commercial, real estate, construction, personal and installment loans, with an emphasis on commercial lending. The Bank’s exposure for out of area, residential and land development, construction and commercial real estate loans as well as concentrations in the hotel/motel and gaming industries are monitored by the Company.

 

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Each loan officer has board approved lending limits on the principal amount of secured and unsecured loans that can be approved for a single borrower without prior approval of the senior credit committee. All loans, however, must meet the credit underwriting standards and loan policies of the Bank.

Deposit services include interest bearing and non-interest bearing checking accounts, savings accounts, certificates of deposit, and IRA accounts. The Bank generally provides depository accounts to individuals; small and middle market businesses; and state, county and local government entities in its trade area at interest rates consistent with market conditions.

The Bank’s Asset Management and Trust Services Department (“Trust Department”) offers personal trust, agencies and estate services, including living and testamentary trusts, executorships, guardianships, and conservatorships. Benefit accounts maintained by the Trust Department primarily include self-directed individual retirement accounts. Escrow management, stock transfer and bond paying agency accounts are available to corporate customers.

The Bank also offers a variety of other services including safe deposit box rental, wire transfer services, night drop facilities, collection services, cash management and internet banking. The Bank has 32 ATMs at its branch locations and other off-site, non-proprietary locations, providing bank customers access to their depository accounts. The Bank is a member of the PULSE network.

There has been no significant change in the kind of services offered by the Bank during the last three fiscal years.

Customers

The Bank has a large number of customers acquired over a period of many years and is not dependent upon a single customer or upon a few customers. The Bank also provides services to customers representing a wide variety of industries including seafood, retail, hospitality, hotel/motel, gaming and construction. While the Company has pursued external growth strategies on a limited basis, its primary focus has been on internal growth by the Bank through the establishment of new branch locations and an emphasis on strong customer relationships.

Employees

At December 31, 2016, the Bank employed 157 full-time employees and 11 part-time employees. The Company has no employees who are not employees of the bank subsidiary. Through the Bank, employees receive salaries and benefits, which include 401(k) and ESOP plans, cafeteria plan, and life, health and disability insurance. The Company considers its relationship with its employees to be good.

Competition

The Bank is in direct competition with numerous local and regional commercial banks as well as other non-bank institutions. Interest rates paid and charged on deposits and loans are the primary competitive factors within the Bank’s trade area. The Bank also competes for deposits and loans with insurance companies, finance companies, brokerage houses and credit unions. The principal competitive factors in the markets for deposits and loans are interest rates paid and charged. The

 

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Company also competes through efficiency, quality of customer service, the range of services and products it provides, the convenience of its branch and ATM locations and the accessibility of its staff. The Bank intends to continue its strategy of being a local, community bank offering traditional bank services and providing quality service in its local trade area.

Miscellaneous

The Bank holds no patents, licenses (other than licenses required to be obtained from appropriate bank regulatory agencies), franchises or concessions.

The Bank has not engaged in any research activities relating to the development of new services or the improvement of existing services except in the normal course of its business activities. The Bank presently has no plans for any new line of business requiring the investment of a material amount of total assets.

Available Information

The Company maintains an internet website at www.thepeoples.com. The Company’s Annual Report to Shareholders is available on the Company’s website. Also available through the website is a link to the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Information on the Company’s website is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or the Company’s other securities filings and is not part of them.

REGULATION AND SUPERVISION

General

The Company is subject to regulation and supervision by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (“Federal Reserve”). The Company is required to file semi-annual reports with the Federal Reserve and such other information as the Federal Reserve may require. The Federal Reserve also conducts examinations of the Company.

The Bank Holding Company Act requires every bank holding company to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve before:

 

 

it may acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of any voting shares of any other bank holding company if, after the acquisition, the bank holding company will directly or indirectly own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of the other bank holding company;

 

 

it may acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of any voting shares of any bank if, after the acquisition, the bank holding company will directly or indirectly own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of the bank;

 

 

it or any of its subsidiaries, other than a bank, may acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank; or

 

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it may merge or consolidate with any other bank holding company.

The Bank Holding Company Act further provides that the Federal Reserve may not approve any transaction that would result in a monopoly or that would substantially lessen competition in the banking business, unless the public interest in meeting the needs of the communities to be served outweighs the anti-competitive effects. The Federal Reserve is also required to consider the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the bank holding companies and banks involved and the convenience and needs of the communities to be served. Consideration of financial resources generally focuses on capital adequacy, and consideration of convenience and needs issues focuses, in part, on the performance under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977, both of which are discussed below in more detail.

Subject to various exceptions, the Bank Holding Company Act and the Change in Bank Control Act, together with related regulations, require Federal Reserve approval prior to any person or company acquiring “control” of a bank holding company. Control is conclusively presumed to exist if an individual or company acquires 25% or more of any class of voting securities of a bank holding company. Control is also presumed to exist, although rebuttable, if a person or company acquires 10% or more, but less than 25%, of any class of voting securities and either:

 

 

the bank holding company has registered securities under Section 12 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”); or

 

 

no other person owns a greater percentage of that class of voting securities immediately after the transaction.

The Company’s common stock is registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act. The regulations provide a procedure for challenging rebuttable presumptions of control.

The Bank Holding Company Act generally prohibits a bank holding company from engaging in activities other than banking, managing or controlling banks or other permissible subsidiaries and acquiring or retaining direct or indirect control of any company engaged in any activities other than activities closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks. In determining whether a particular activity is permissible, the Federal Reserve considers whether performing the activity can be expected to produce benefits to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects, such as undue concentration of resources, decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interest or unsound banking practices. The Federal Reserve has the power to order a bank holding company or its subsidiaries to terminate any activity or control of any subsidiary when the continuation of the activity or control constitutes a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness or stability of any bank subsidiary of that bank holding company.

The Bank is incorporated under the laws of the State of Mississippi and is subject to the applicable provisions of Mississippi banking laws and the laws of the various states in which it operates, as well as federal law. The Bank is subject to the supervision of the Mississippi Department of Banking and Consumer Finance (“MDBCF”) and to regular examinations by that department. Deposits in the Bank are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) and, therefore, the Bank is subject to the provisions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and to examination by the FDIC.

 

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Federal Reserve policy historically has required bank holding companies to act as a source of strength to their bank subsidiaries and to commit capital and financial resources to support those subsidiaries. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) codifies this policy as a statutory requirement. This support may be required by the Federal Reserve at times when the Company might otherwise determine not to provide it. In addition, if a bank holding company commits to a federal bank regulator that it will maintain the capital of its bank subsidiary, whether in response to the Federal Reserve’s invoking its source-of-strength authority or in response to other regulatory measures, that commitment will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and the bank will be entitled to priority payment in respect of that commitment, ahead of other creditors of the bank holding company.

In addition, the Company is required to file certain reports with, and otherwise comply with the rules and regulations of, the SEC under federal securities laws. The common stock of the Company is listed on the NASDAQ capital market exchange, such listing subjecting the Company to compliance with the exchange’s requirements with respect to reporting and other rules and regulations.

The Dodd-Frank Act

The Dodd-Frank Act, enacted in 2010, significantly restructured financial regulation in the United States, including through the creation of a new resolution authority, mandating higher capital and liquidity requirements, requiring banks to pay increased fees to regulatory agencies, and through numerous other provisions intended to strengthen the financial services sector.

The Dodd-Frank Act established the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”), which has extensive regulatory and enforcement powers over consumer financial products and services, and the Financial Stability Oversight Council, which has oversight authority for monitoring and regulating systemic risk. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act altered the authority and duties of the federal banking and securities regulatory agencies, implemented certain corporate governance requirements for all public companies, including financial institutions, with regard to executive compensation, proxy access by shareholders, and certain whistleblower provisions, and restricted certain proprietary trading and hedge fund and private equity activities of banks and their affiliates. The Dodd-Frank Act also required the issuance of numerous implementing regulations, many of which have not yet been issued.

In January 2013, the CFPB issued final regulations governing mainly consumer mortgage lending. One rule imposes additional requirements on lenders, including rules designed to require lenders to ensure borrowers’ ability to repay their mortgage. The CFPB also finalized a rule on escrow accounts for higher priced mortgage loans and a rule expanding the scope of the high-cost mortgage provision in the Truth in Lending Act. The CFPB also issued final rules implementing provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that relate to mortgage servicing. In November 2013, the CFPB issued a final rule on integrated mortgage disclosures under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, compliance with which was required by August 1, 2015.

 

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The Dodd-Frank Act authorizes national and state banks to establish de novo branches in other states to the same extent as a bank chartered by that state would be so permitted. Previously, banks could only establish branches in other states if the host state expressly permitted out-of-state banks to establish branches in that state. Accordingly, banks are now able to enter new markets more freely.

Recently, the CFPB and banking regulatory agencies have increasingly used a general consumer protection statute to address unethical or otherwise bad business practices that may not necessarily fall directly under the purview of a specific banking or consumer finance law. Prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, there was little formal guidance to provide insight to the parameters for compliance with the “unfair or deceptive acts or practices” (“UDAP”) law. However, the UDAP provisions have been expanded under the Dodd-Frank Act to apply to “unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices,” which has been delegated to the CFPB for supervision.

Many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are subject to further rulemaking and will take effect over several years. The overall financial impact on the Company and its subsidiaries or the financial services industry generally cannot be anticipated at this time.

Dividends

The Company is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its subsidiaries. The primary source of funds for dividends paid to the Company’s shareholders are dividends paid to the Company by the Bank. Various federal and state laws limit the amount of dividends that the Bank may pay to the Company without regulatory approval. Under Mississippi law, the Bank must obtain non-objection of the Commissioner of the Mississippi Department of Banking and Consumer Finance (“MDBCF”) prior to paying any dividend on the Bank’s common stock. In addition, the Bank may not pay any dividends if, after paying the dividend, it would be undercapitalized under applicable capital requirements. The FDIC also has the authority to prohibit the Bank from engaging in business practices that the FDIC considers to be unsafe or unsound, which, depending on the financial condition of the Bank, could include the payment of dividends.

In addition, the Federal Reserve has the authority to prohibit the payment of dividends by a bank holding company if its actions constitute unsafe or unsound practices. The Federal Reserve has issued a policy statement, Supervisory Release 09-4, on the payment of cash dividends by bank holding companies, which outlines the Federal Reserve’s view that a bank holding company that is experiencing earnings weaknesses or other financial pressures should not pay cash dividends that exceed its net income, that are inconsistent with its capital position, or that could only be funded in ways that weaken its financial health, such as by borrowing or selling assets. The Federal Reserve has indicated that, in some instances, it may be appropriate for a bank holding company to eliminate its dividends.

Capital

The Federal Reserve has issued risk-based capital ratio and leverage ratio guidelines for bank holding companies. The risk-based capital ratio guidelines establish a systematic analytical framework that:

 

 

makes regulatory capital requirements sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banking organizations;

 

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takes off-balance sheet exposures into explicit account in assessing capital adequacy; and

 

 

minimizes disincentives to holding liquid, low-risk assets.

Under the guidelines and related policies, bank holding companies must maintain capital sufficient to meet both a risk-based asset ratio test and a leverage ratio test on a consolidated basis. The risk-based ratio is determined by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet commitments into four weighted categories, with higher weighting assigned to categories perceived as representing greater risk. The risk-based ratio represents capital divided by total risk-weighted assets. The leverage ratio is core capital divided by total assets adjusted as specified in the guidelines. The Bank is subject to substantially similar capital requirements promulgated by the FDIC.

Generally, under the applicable guidelines, a financial institution’s capital is divided into two tiers. “Total capital” is Tier 1 plus Tier 2 capital. These two tiers are:

 

 

“Tier 1,” or core capital, that includes total equity plus qualifying capital securities and minority interests, excluding unrealized gains and losses accumulated in other comprehensive income, and non-qualifying intangible and servicing assets; and

 

 

“Tier 2,” or supplementary capital, includes, among other things, cumulative and limited-life preferred stock, mandatory convertible securities, qualifying subordinated debt, and the allowance for credit losses, up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets.

The Federal Reserve and the other federal banking regulators require that all intangible assets (net of deferred tax), except originated or purchased mortgage-servicing rights, non-mortgage servicing assets, and purchased credit card relationships, be deducted from Tier 1 capital. However, the total amount of these items included in Total capital cannot exceed 100% of an institution’s Tier 1 capital.

Under the risk-based capital guidelines existing prior to January 1, 2015, bank holding companies were required to maintain a risk-based ratio of 8%, with 4% being Tier 1 capital. The appropriate regulatory authority may set higher capital requirements when they believe an institution’s circumstances warrant.

Under the leverage guidelines existing prior to January 1, 2015, bank holding companies were required to maintain a leverage ratio of at least 3%. The minimum ratio was applicable only to financial institutions that meet certain specified criteria, including excellent asset quality, high liquidity, low interest rate risk exposure, and the highest regulatory rating. Financial institutions not meeting these criteria were required to maintain a minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4%.

The guidelines also provided that bank holding companies experiencing internal growth or making acquisitions would be expected to maintain strong capital positions substantially above the minimum supervisory levels without significant reliance on intangible assets. Furthermore, the

 

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Federal Reserve indicated that it would consider a “tangible Tier 1 capital leverage ratio” (deducting all intangibles) and other indicators of capital strength in evaluating proposals for expansion or new activities.

Failure to meet applicable capital guidelines could subject the financial institution to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal regulatory authorities. These include limitations on the ability to pay dividends, the issuance of a capital directive to increase capital, and the termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC. In addition, the financial institution could be subject to the measures described below under “Prompt Corrective Action” as applicable to “under-capitalized” institutions.

New Capital Rules

On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved the final rule for BASEL III capital requirements for all bank holding companies chartered in the United States. The rule was subsequently approved by the FDIC on July 9, 2013, and made applicable to the Bank as well. The rule implements in the United States certain of the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. The major provisions of the new rule applicable to the Company and the Bank are:

 

 

The new rule implements higher minimum capital requirements, includes a new common equity Tier 1 capital requirement, and establishes criteria that instruments must meet in order to be considered common equity Tier 1 capital, additional Tier 1 capital, or Tier 2 capital. These enhancements both improve the quality and increase the quantity of capital required to be held by banking organizations, better equipping the United States banking system to deal with adverse economic conditions.

 

 

The new minimum capital to risk-weighted assets requirements are a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% and a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0% which is an increase from 4.0%, and a total capital ratio that remains at 8.0%. The minimum leverage ratio (Tier 1 capital to total assets) is 4.0%.

 

 

The new rule improves the quality of capital by implementing changes to the definition of capital. Among the most important changes are stricter eligibility criteria for regulatory capital instruments that would disallow the inclusion of instruments such as trust preferred securities in Tier 1 capital going forward, and new constraints on the inclusion of minority interests, mortgage-servicing assets, deferred tax assets, and certain investments in the capital of unconsolidated financial institutions. In addition, the new rule requires that most regulatory capital deductions be made from common equity Tier 1 capital.

 

 

Under the new rule, in order to avoid limitations on capital distributions, including dividend payments and certain discretionary bonus payments to executive officers, a banking organization must hold a capital conservation buffer composed of common equity Tier 1 capital above its minimum risk-based capital requirements. This buffer will help to ensure that banking organizations conserve capital when it is most needed, allowing them to better weather periods of economic stress. The buffer is measured relative to risk weighted assets. Phase-in of the capital conservation buffer requirements began on January 1, 2016.

 

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Subsequent to the completion of a “phase-in” period, a banking organization with a buffer greater than 2.5% would not be subject to limits on capital distributions or discretionary bonus payments; however, a banking organization with a buffer of less than 2.5% would be subject to increasingly stringent limitations as the buffer approaches zero. The new rule also prohibits a banking organization from making distributions or discretionary bonus payments during any quarter if its eligible retained income is negative in that quarter and its capital conservation buffer ratio was less than 2.5% at the beginning of the quarter. When the new rule is fully phased in, the minimum capital requirements plus the capital conservation buffer will exceed the prompt corrective action well-capitalized thresholds.

 

 

The new rule also increases the risk weights for past-due loans, certain commercial real estate loans, and some equity exposures, and makes selected other changes in risk weights and credit conversion factors.

The transition period for implementation of Basel III is January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2018.

Prompt Corrective Action

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, known as FDICIA, requires federal banking regulatory authorities to take “prompt corrective action” with respect to depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements. For these purposes, FDICIA establishes five capital tiers: “well-capitalized,” “adequately-capitalized,” “under-capitalized,” “significantly under-capitalized,” and “critically under-capitalized.”

An institution is deemed to be:

 

 

“well-capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8% or greater (6% before January 1, 2015), a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% or greater, and, after January 1, 2015, a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.5% or greater, and is not subject to a regulatory order, agreement, or directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure;

 

 

“adequately-capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 8% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% or greater (4% before January 1, 2015), generally, a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% or greater, and, after January 1, 2015, a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% or greater, and the institution does not meet the definition of a “well-capitalized” institution;

 

 

“under-capitalized” if it does not meet one or more of the “adequately-capitalized” tests;

 

 

“significantly under-capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 6%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 4% (less than 3% before January 1, 2015), a Tier 1 leverage ratio that is less than 3%, and, after January 1, 2015, a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio that is less than 3%; and

 

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“critically under-capitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity, as defined in the regulations, to total assets that is equal to or less than 2%.

Throughout 2015, the Bank’s regulatory capital ratios were in excess of the levels established for “well-capitalized” institutions.

FDICIA generally prohibits a depository institution from making any capital distribution, including payment of a cash dividend or paying any management fee to its holding company, if the depository institution would be “under-capitalized” after such payment. “Under-capitalized” institutions are subject to growth limitations and are required by the appropriate federal banking agency to submit a capital restoration plan. If any depository institution subsidiary of a holding company is required to submit a capital restoration plan, the holding company would be required to provide a limited guarantee regarding compliance with the plan as a condition of approval of such plan.

If an “under-capitalized” institution fails to submit an acceptable plan, it is treated as if it is “significantly under-capitalized.” “Significantly under-capitalized” institutions may be subject to a number of requirements and restrictions, including orders to sell sufficient voting stock to become “adequately-capitalized,” requirements to reduce total assets, and cessation of receipt of deposits from correspondent banks.

“Critically under-capitalized” institutions may not, beginning 60 days after becoming “critically under-capitalized,” make any payment of principal or interest on their subordinated debt. In addition, “critically under-capitalized” institutions are subject to appointment of a receiver or conservator within 90 days of becoming so classified.

Under FDICIA, a depository institution that is not “well-capitalized” is generally prohibited from accepting brokered deposits and offering interest rates on deposits higher than the prevailing rate in its market. As previously stated, the Bank is “well-capitalized” and the FDICIA brokered deposit rule did not adversely affect its ability to accept brokered deposits. The Bank had $5,000,000 of such brokered deposits at December 31, 2016.

Interstate Banking and Branching Legislation

Federal law allows banks to establish and operate a de novo branch in a state other than the bank’s home state if the law of the state where the branch is to be located would permit establishment of the branch if the bank were chartered by that state, subject to standard regulatory review and approval requirements. Federal law also allows the Bank to acquire an existing branch in a state in which the bank is not headquartered and does not maintain a branch if the FDIC and MDBCF approve the branch or acquisition, and if the law of the state in which the branch is located or to be located would permit the establishment of the branch if the bank were chartered by that state.

Once a bank has established branches in a state through an interstate merger transaction or through de novo branching, the bank may then establish and acquire additional branches within that state to the same extent that a state chartered bank is allowed to establish or acquire branches within the state.

 

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Under the Bank Holding Company Act, a bank holding company may not directly or indirectly acquire ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares or substantially all of the assets of any bank holding company or bank or merge or consolidate with another bank holding company without the prior approval of the Federal Reserve. Current federal law authorizes interstate acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies without geographic limitation. Furthermore, a bank headquartered in one state is authorized to merge with a bank headquartered in another state, as long as neither of the states have opted out of such interstate merger authority prior to such date, and subject to any state requirement that the target bank shall have been in existence and operating for a minimum period of time, not to exceed five years, and subject to certain deposit market-share limitations.

FDIC Insurance

The deposits of the Bank are insured by the Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”), which the FDIC administers. The Dodd-Frank Act permanently increased deposit insurance on most accounts to $250,000. To fund the DIF, FDIC-insured banks are required to pay deposit insurance assessments to the FDIC. For institutions like the Bank with less than $10 billion in assets, the amount of the assessment is based on its risk classification. The higher an institution’s risk classification, the higher its rate of assessments (on the assumption that such institutions pose a greater risk of loss to the DIF). An institution’s risk classification is assigned based on its capital levels and the level of supervisory concern that the institution poses to the regulators. In addition, the FDIC can impose special assessments in certain instances.

In addition, all institutions with deposits insured by the FDIC must pay assessments to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation, a mixed-ownership government corporation established as a financing vehicle for the Federal Savings & Loan Insurance Corporation. The annualized assessment rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2017 is .60% of the assessment base and is adjusted quarterly. These assessments will continue until the bonds mature in 2019.

The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any insured depository institution, including the Bank, if it determines after a hearing that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed by an agreement with the FDIC. If the FDIC terminates an institution’s deposit insurance, accounts insured at the time of the termination, less withdrawals, will continue to be insured for a period of six months to two years, as determined by the FDIC.

Affiliate Transactions

The Bank is subject to Regulation W, which comprehensively implements statutory restrictions on transactions between a bank and its affiliates. Regulation W combines the Federal Reserve’s interpretations and exemptions relating to Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. Regulation W and Section 23A place limits on the amount of loans or extensions of credit to, investments in, or certain other transactions with affiliates, and on the amount of advances to third parties collateralized by the securities or obligations of affiliates. In general, the Bank’s “affiliates” are the Company and its non-bank subsidiary.

 

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Regulation W and Section 23B prohibit, among other things, a bank from engaging in certain transactions with affiliates unless the transactions are on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the bank, as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliated companies.

The Bank is also subject to certain restrictions on extensions of credit to executive officers, directors, certain principal shareholders and their related interests. Such extensions of credit must be made on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and collateral, as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with third parties and must not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features.

The Community Reinvestment Act

The Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (“CRA”) and its implementing regulations provide an incentive for regulated financial institutions to meet the credit needs of their local community or communities, including low and moderate income neighborhoods, consistent with the safe and sound operation of such financial institutions. The regulations provide that the appropriate regulatory authority will assess reports under CRA in connection with applications for establishment of domestic branches, acquisitions of banks or mergers involving bank holding companies. An unsatisfactory rating under CRA may serve as a basis to deny an application to acquire or establish a new bank, to establish a new branch or to expand banking services. As of December 31, 2016, the Bank had a “satisfactory” rating under CRA.

Patriot Act

The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, as extended and revised by the PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 (the “Patriot Act”), requires each financial institution to: (i) establish an anti-money laundering program; (ii) establish due diligence policies, procedures and controls with respect to its private banking accounts and correspondent banking accounts involving foreign individuals and certain foreign financial institutions; and (iii) avoid establishing, maintaining, administering or managing correspondent accounts in the United States for, or on behalf of, foreign financial institutions that do not have a physical presence in any country. The Patriot Act also requires that financial institutions follow certain minimum standards to verify the identity of customers, both foreign and domestic, when a customer opens an account. In addition, the Patriot Act contains a provision encouraging cooperation among financial institutions, regulatory authorities and law enforcement authorities with respect to individuals, entities and organizations engaged in, or reasonably suspected of engaging in, terrorist acts or money laundering activities. Federal banking regulators are required, when reviewing bank holding company acquisition and bank merger applications, to take into account the effectiveness of the anti-money laundering activities of the applicants.

Consumer Privacy and Other Consumer Protection Laws

The Bank, like all other financial institutions, is required to maintain the privacy of its customers’ non-public, personal information. Such privacy requirements direct financial institutions to:

 

 

provide notice to customers regarding privacy policies and practices;

 

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inform customers regarding the conditions under which their non-public personal information may be disclosed to non-affiliated third parties; and

 

 

give customers an option to prevent disclosure of such information to non-affiliated third parties.

Under the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003, the Bank’s customers may also opt out of information sharing between and among the Bank and its affiliates.

The Bank is also subject, in connection with its deposit, lending and leasing activities, to numerous federal and state laws aimed at protecting consumers, including the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth-in-Savings Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, the National Flood Insurance Act, the Flood Protection Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, laws and regulations governing unfair, deceptive, and/or abuse acts and practices, the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, the Housing and Economic Recovery Act, and the Credit Card Accountability Act, among others, as well as various state laws.

Incentive Compensation

In 2010, the Federal Reserve issued guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization’s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization’s board of directors.

Any deficiencies in compensation practices that are identified may be incorporated into the organization’s supervisory ratings, which can affect its ability to make acquisitions or perform other actions. The guidance also provides that enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements or related risk-management control or governance processes pose a risk to the organization’s safety and soundness and the organization is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.

The scope and content of banking regulators’ policies on executive compensation are continuing to develop and are likely to continue evolving in the near future. It cannot be determined at this time whether compliance with such policies will adversely affect the Company’s ability to hire, retain and motivate its key employees.

 

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Sarbanes-Oxley

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is applicable to all companies with equity or debt securities registered under the Exchange Act. In particular, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act established: (i) requirements for audit committees, including independence, expertise and responsibilities; (ii) certification and related responsibilities regarding financial statements for the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the reporting company; (iii) standards for auditors and regulation of audits; (iv) disclosure and reporting obligations for the reporting company and its directors and executive officers; and (v) civil and criminal penalties for violation of the securities laws.

Effect of Governmental Policies

The Company and the Bank are affected by the policies of regulatory authorities, including the Federal Reserve, the FDIC, and the MDBCF. An important function of the Federal Reserve is to regulate the national money supply. Among the instruments of monetary policy used by the Federal Reserve are: (i) purchases and sales of U.S. government and other securities in the marketplace; (ii) changes in the discount rate, which is the rate any depository institution must pay to borrow from the Federal Reserve; (iii) changes in the reserve requirements of depository institutions; and (iv) indirectly, changes in the federal funds rate, which is the rate at which depository institutions lend money to each other overnight. These instruments are intended to influence economic and monetary growth, interest rate levels, and inflation.

The monetary policies of the Federal Reserve and other governmental policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue to do so in the future. Because of changing conditions in the national and international economy and in the money markets, as well as the result of actions by monetary and fiscal authorities, it is not possible to predict with certainty future changes in interest rates, deposit levels, loan demand, or the business and results of operations of the Company and the Bank, or whether changing economic conditions will have a positive or negative effect on operations and earnings.

Other Proposals

Bills occasionally are introduced in the United States Congress and the Mississippi State Legislature and other state legislatures, and regulations occasionally are proposed by the Company’s regulatory agencies, any of which could affect the businesses, financial results, and financial condition of the Company or the Bank. Generally it cannot be predicted whether or in what form any particular proposals will be adopted or the extent to which the Company and the Bank may be affected.

Summary

The foregoing discussion sets forth certain material elements of the regulatory framework applicable to the Company and the Bank. This discussion is a brief summary of the regulatory environment in which the Company and its subsidiaries operate and is not designed to be a complete discussion of all statutes and regulations affecting such operations. Regulation of financial institutions is intended primarily for the protection of depositors, the deposit insurance fund and the banking system, and generally is not intended for the protection of shareholders. Changes in applicable laws, and their application by regulatory agencies, cannot necessarily be predicted, but could have a material effect on the business and results of the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

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SUPPLEMENTAL STATISTICAL INFORMATION

Schedules I-A through VII present certain statistical information regarding the Company. This information is not audited and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements found in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Distribution of Assets, Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity and Interest Rates and Differentials

Net Interest Income, the difference between Interest Income and Interest Expense, is the most significant component of the Company’s earnings. For interest analytical purposes, Management adjusts Net Interest Income to a “taxable equivalent” basis using a Federal Income Tax rate of 34% in 2016, 2015 and 2014 on tax-exempt items (primarily interest on municipal securities).

Another significant statistic in the analysis of Net Interest Income is the net yield on earning assets. The net yield is the difference between the rate of interest earned on earning assets and the effective rate paid for all funds, non-interest bearing as well as interest bearing. Since a portion of the Bank’s deposits do not bear interest, such as demand deposits, the rate paid for all funds is lower than the rate on interest bearing liabilities alone.

Recognizing the importance of interest differential to total earnings, Management places great emphasis on managing interest rate spreads. Although interest differential is affected by national, regional and local economic conditions, including the level of credit demand and interest rates, there are significant opportunities to influence interest differential through appropriate loan and investment policies which are designed to maximize the differential while maintaining sufficient liquidity and availability of incremental funds for purposes of meeting existing commitments and investment in lending and investment opportunities that may arise.

The information included in Schedule I-F presents the change in interest income and interest expense along with the reason(s) for these changes. The change attributable to volume is computed as the change in volume times the old rate. The change attributable to rate is computed as the change in rate times the old volume. The change in rate/volume is computed as the change in rate times the change in volume.

Credit Risk Management and Loan Loss Experience

In the normal course of business, the Bank assumes risks in extending credit. The Bank manages these risks through its lending policies, credit underwriting analysis, appraisal requirements, concentration and exposure limits, loan review procedures and the diversification of its loan portfolio. Although it is not possible to predict loan losses with complete accuracy, Management constantly reviews the characteristics of the loan portfolio to determine its overall risk profile and quality.

Constant attention to the quality of the loan portfolio is achieved by the loan review process. Throughout this ongoing process, Management is advised of the condition of individual loans and of the quality profile of the entire loan portfolio. Any loan or portion thereof which is classified “loss” by regulatory examiners or which is determined by Management to be uncollectible because

 

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of such factors as the borrower’s failure to pay interest or principal, the borrower’s financial condition, economic conditions in the borrower’s industry or the inadequacy of underlying collateral, is charged-off.

Provisions are charged to operating expense based upon historical loss experience, and additional amounts are provided when, in the opinion of Management, such provisions are not adequate based upon the current factors affecting loan collectibility.

The allocation of the allowance for loan losses by loan category is based on the factors mentioned in the preceding paragraphs. Accordingly, since all of these factors are subject to change, the allocation is not necessarily indicative of the breakdown of future losses.

Further information concerning the provision for loan losses and the allowance for loan losses is presented in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in “Note A - Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Return on Equity and Assets

The Company’s results and key ratios for 2012 – 2016 are summarized in the “Selected Financial Data” in Item 6 and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The Company did not pay a dividend during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. The Company’s dividend payout ratio for the year ended December 31, 2014, was (5%) as a dividend was paid in June 2014 when the Company recorded net income. However, the Company recorded a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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SCHEDULE I-A

Distribution of Average Assets, Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (1) (In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

ASSETS:

        

Cash and due from banks

   $ 39,580      $ 32,252      $ 29,412   

Available for sale securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     188,512        184,458        225,742   

  Non-taxable securities

     20,902        27,744        34,360   

  Other securities

     1,732        2,466        4,065   

Held to maturity securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     8,562        452     

  Non-taxable securities

     19,596        17,645        13,696   

Other investments

     2,693        2,744        2,962   

Net loans (2)

     320,383        347,014        353,216   

Balances due from depository institutions

     31,559        11,221        7,305   

Other assets

     53,077        56,279        62,847   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 686,596      $ 682,275      $ 733,605   
  

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

        

Non-interest bearing deposits

   $ 129,788      $ 119,046      $ 108,786   

Interest bearing deposits

     437,445        424,704        447,670   
  

 

 

 

  Total deposits

     567,233        543,750        556,456   

Other liabilities

     26,554        44,570        74,691   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     593,787        588,320        631,147   

Shareholders’ equity

     92,809        93,955        102,458   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $         686,596      $         682,275      $         733,605   
  

 

 

 

(1) All averages are computed on a daily basis.

(2) Gross loans and discounts, net of unearned income and allowance for loan losses.

 

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SCHEDULE I-B

Average (1) Amount Outstanding for Major Categories of Interest Earning Assets

And Interest Bearing Liabilities (In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

INTEREST EARNING ASSETS:

        

Loans (2)

   $ 327,819      $ 356,294      $ 362,649   

Balances due from depository institutions

     31,559        11,221        7,305   

Available for sale securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     188,512        184,458        225,742   

  Non-taxable securities

     20,902        27,744        34,360   

  Other securities

     1,732        2,466        4,065   

Held to maturity securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     8,562        452     

  Non-taxable securities

     19,596        17,645        13,696   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST EARNING ASSETS

   $ 598,682      $ 600,280      $ 647,817   
  

 

 

 

INTEREST BEARING LIABILITIES:

        

Savings and negotiable interest bearing deposits

   $ 359,801      $ 349,782      $ 358,106   

Time deposits

     77,644        74,923        89,564   

Other borrowed funds

     8,240        25,519        56,849   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST BEARING LIABILITIES

   $             445,685      $             450,224      $             504,519   
  

 

 

 

(1) All averages are computed on a daily basis.

(2) Net of unearned income. Includes nonaccrual loans

 

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SCHEDULE I-C

Interest Earned or Paid on Major Categories of Interest Earning Assets

And Interest Bearing Liabilities (In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

INTEREST EARNED ON:

        

Loans

   $ 14,232      $ 14,759      $ 16,055   

Balances due from depository institutions

     278        63        21   

Available for sale securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     2,558        3,178        4,502   

  Non-taxable securities

     1,123        1,338        1,889   

  Other securities

     22        22        18   

Held to maturity securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     184        9     

  Non-taxable securities

     725        600        474   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST EARNED (1)

   $             19,122      $             19,969      $             22,959   
  

 

 

 

INTEREST PAID ON:

        

Savings and negotiable interest bearing deposits

   $ 437      $ 306      $ 274   

Time deposits

     457        371        937   

Other borrowed funds

     131        198        230   
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST PAID

   $ 1,025      $ 875      $ 1,441   
  

 

 

 

(1) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% for 2016, 2015 and 2014. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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SCHEDULE I-D

Average Interest Rate Earned or Paid for Major Categories of

Interest Earning Assets And Interest Bearing Liabilities

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

AVERAGE RATE EARNED ON:

        

Loans

     4.34%        4.14%        4.43%  

Balances due from depository institutions

     .88%        .56%        .29%  

Available for sale securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     1.36%        1.72%        1.99%  

  Non-taxable securities

     5.37%        4.82%        5.50%  

  Other securities

     1.27%        .89%        .44%  

Held to maturity securities:

        

  Taxable securities

     2.15%        1.99%     

  Non-taxable securities

     3.70%        3.40%        3.46%  
  

 

 

 

TOTAL (weighted average rate)(1)

     3.19%        3.33%        3.54%  
  

 

 

 

AVERAGE RATE PAID ON:

        

Savings and negotiable interest bearing deposits

     .12%        .09%        .08%  

Time deposits

     .59%        .50%        1.05%  

Other borrowed funds

     1.59%        .78%        .40%  
  

 

 

 

TOTAL (weighted average rate)

                     .23%                        .19%                        .29%  
  

 

 

 

(1) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% for 2016, 2015 and 2014. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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SCHEDULE I-E

Net Interest Earnings and Net Yield on Interest Earning Assets

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Total interest income (1)

   $             19,122      $             19,969      $             22,959   

Total interest expense

     1,025        875        1,441   
  

 

 

 

Net interest earnings

   $ 18,097      $ 19,094      $ 21,518   
  

 

 

 

Net yield on interest earning assets

     3.02%        3.18%        3.32%  
  

 

 

 

(1) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% for 2016, 2015 and 2014. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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SCHEDULE I-F

Analysis of Changes in Interest Income and Interest Expense

(In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      Increase
(Decrease)
     Volume      Rate      Rate/Volume  

INTEREST EARNED ON:

                 

Loans (1)(2)

    $ 14,232      $ 14,759      $ (527)      $ (1,180)      $ 709       $ (56)  

Balances due from depository institutions

     278        63        215         114         35         66   

Available for sale securities:

                 

  Taxable securities

     2,558        3,178        (620)        70         (675)        (15)  

  Non-taxable securities

     1,123        1,338        (215)        (330)        153         (38)  

  Other securities

     22        22           (7)               (2)  

Held to maturity securities:

                 

  Taxable securities

     184        9        175         161                13   

  Non-taxable securities

     725        600        125         66         53          
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST EARNED (3)

   $ 19,122      $ 19,969      $ (847)      $ (1,106)      $ 285       $ (26)  
  

 

 

 

INTEREST PAID ON:

                 

Savings and negotiable interest bearing deposits

   $ 437      $ 306      $ 131       $      $ 119       $  

Time deposits

     457        371        86         13         70          

Other borrowed funds

     131        198        (67)        (134)        207         (140)  
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST PAID

   $           1,025      $         875      $         150       $         (112)      $         396       $         (134)  
  

 

 

 

(1) Loan fees of $389 and $333 for 2016 and 2015, respectively, are included in these figures.

(2) Includes interest on nonaccrual loans.

(3) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% for 2016 and 2015. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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SCHEDULE I-F (continued)

Analysis of Changes in Interest Income and Interest Expense

(In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2015      2014      Increase
(Decrease)
     Volume      Rate      Rate/Volume  

INTEREST EARNED ON:

                 

Loans (1)(2)

   $ 14,759      $ 16,055      $ (1,296)      $ (281)      $ (1,033)      $ 18   

Balances due from depository institutions

     63        21        42         11         20         11   

Available for sale securities:

                 

  Taxable securities

     3,178        4,502        (1,324)        (823)        (613)        112   

  Non-taxable securities

     1,338        1,889        (551)        (364)        (232)        45   

  Other securities

     22        18               (7)        18         (7)  

Held to maturity securities:

                 

  Taxable securities

     9                         

  Non-taxable securities

     600        474        126         152         (20)        (6)  
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST EARNED (3)

   $ 19,969      $ 22,959      $ (2,990)      $ (1,303)      $ (1,860)      $ 173   
  

 

 

 

INTEREST PAID ON:

                 

Savings and negotiable interest bearing deposits

   $ 306      $ 274      $ 32       $ (6)      $ 39       $ (1)  

Time deposits

     371        937        (566)        (153)        (493)        80   

Other borrowed funds

     198        230        (32)        (127)        211         (116)  
  

 

 

 

TOTAL INTEREST PAID

    $         875      $         1,441      $         (566)      $         (286)      $         (243)      $         (37)  
  

 

 

 

(1) Loan fees of $333 and $557 for 2015 and 2014, respectively, are included in these figures.

(2) Includes interest on nonaccrual loans.

(3) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% for 2015 and 2014. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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SCHEDULE II-A

Book Value of Securities Portfolio

(In thousands)

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Available for sale securities:

        

U.S. Treasuries, U.S. Government agencies and Mortgage-backed securities

    $ 215,157      $ 178,430       $ 183,460   

States and political subdivisions

     17,963        23,727         31,012   

Other securities

     458        650         650   
  

 

 

 

Total

    $ 233,578      $ 202,807       $ 215,122   
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

        

U.S. Government Agencies

    $ 10,009      $      $  

States and political subdivisions

     36,677        17,507         17,784   

Corporate bonds

     1,464        1,518      
  

 

 

 

Total

    $             48,150      $             19,025       $         17,784   
  

 

 

 

 

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SCHEDULE II-B

Maturity Securities Portfolio at December 31, 2016

And Weighted Average Yields of Such Securities

(In thousands, except percentage data)

 

     Maturity  
     Within one year     After one year but
within five years
    After five years but
within ten years
    After ten years  
  

 

 

 
December 31,    Amount      Yield     Amount      Yield     Amount      Yield     Amount      Yield  

Available for sale securities:

                    

U.S. Treasuries, U.S. Government agencies and Mortgage-backed securities

   $     29,986        .75   $ 120,756        1.26   $ 39,180        2.01   $ 25,235        2.44%  

States and political subdivisions

     3,384        3.89     10,101        3.75     4,127        3.69     351        4.20%  

Other securities

                    458        2.00%  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 33,370        1.91   $ 130,857        1.76   $ 43,307        2.28   $ 26,044        2.47%  
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

                    

U.S. Government agencies

   $        $        $ 5,000        2.04   $ 5,009        .87%  

States and political subdivisions

     1,281        2.15     7,649        2.50     15,111        2.49     12,636        2.98%  

Corporate bonds

     1,464        2.05               
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,745        2.09   $ 7,649        2.50   $ 20,111        2.39   $ 17,645        2.76%  
  

 

 

 

Note: The weighted average yields are calculated on the basis of cost. Average yields on investments in states and political subdivisions are based on their contractual yield. Available for sale securities are stated at fair value and held to maturity securities are stated at amortized cost.

 

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SCHEDULE III-A

Loan Portfolio

Loans by Type Outstanding (1) (In thousands)

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014      2013      2012  

Real estate, construction

     $ 32,794          $ 36,347          $ 44,129          $ 64,390          $ 79,924    

Real estate, mortgage

     226,157          243,540          266,158          259,082          298,283    

Loans to finance agricultural production

        30          1,230          726          43    

Commercial and industrial

     48,361          50,520          37,441          42,653          43,328    

Loans to individuals for household, family and other consumer expenditures

     6,264          6,548          7,538          7,139          7,933    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     1,646          428          5,462          1,023          1,248    

All other loans

     133          144          449          336          324    
  

 

 

 

Total

   $       315,355          $       337,557          $       362,407          $       375,349          $       431,083    
  

 

 

 

 

(1)   No foreign debt outstanding.

 

 

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SCHEDULE III-B

Maturities and Sensitivity to Changes in

Interest Rates of the Loan Portfolio as of December 31, 2016

(In thousands)

 

     Maturity  
December 31,    One year or less      Over one year
through 5 years
     Over 5 years      Total  

Real estate, construction

     $ 10,804          $ 8,154          $ 13,836          $ 32,794    

Real estate, mortgage

     12,426          86,235          127,496          226,157    

Commercial and industrial

     26,361          19,095          2,905          48,361    

Loans to individuals for household, family and other consumer expenditures

     2,283          3,601          380          6,264    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     675             971             1,646    

All other loans

     133                133    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 52,682          $ 117,085          $ 145,588          $ 315,355    
  

 

 

 

Loans with pre-determined interest rates

     $ 26,024          $ 89,867          $ 62,317          $ 178,208    

Loans with floating interest rates

     26,658          27,218          83,271          137,147    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $       52,682          $       117,085          $       145,588          $       315,355    
  

 

 

 

 

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SCHEDULE III-C

Non-Performing Loans (In thousands)

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014      2013      2012  

Loans accounted for on a nonaccrual basis (1)

     $     11,854          $     15,186          $     33,298          $     26,171          $     53,891    

Loans which are contractually past due 90 or more days as to interest or principal payment, but are not included above

        146          763          651          1,445    

(1) The Bank places loans on a nonaccrual status when, in the opinion of Management, they possess sufficient uncertainty as to timely collection of interest or principal so as to preclude the recognition in reported earnings of some or all of the contractual interest. See “Note A – Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” and “Note C – Loans” to the 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for discussion of impaired loans.

 

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SCHEDULE IV-A

Summary of Loan Loss Expenses

(In thousands, except percentage data)

 

December 31,    2016     2015     2014     2013     2012      

Average amount of loans outstanding (1)(2)

     $       327,819     $       356,294     $       362,649     $       405,463     $       430,205      
  

 

 

 

Balance of allowance for loan losses at beginning of period

     $ 8,070     $ 9,206     $ 8,934     $ 8,857     $ 8,136      

Loans charged-off:

          

Commercial, financial and agricultural

     509       275       4,930       499       448      

Consumer and other

     3,013       3,833       2,800       9,623       3,228      
  

 

 

 

Total loans charged-off

     3,522       4,108       7,730       10,122       3,676      
  

 

 

 

Recoveries of loans:

          

Commercial, financial and agricultural

     62       19       277       126       23      

Consumer and other

     288       371       321       412       110      
  

 

 

 

Total recoveries

     350       390       598       538       133      
  

 

 

 

Net loans charged-off

     3,172       3,718       7,132       9,584       3,543      
  

 

 

 

Provision for loan losses charged to operating expense

     568       2,582       7,404       9,661       4,264      
  

 

 

 

Balance of allowance for loan losses at end of period

     $ 5,466     $ 8,070     $ 9,206     $ 8,934     $ 8,857      
  

 

 

 

Ratio of net charge-offs during period to average loans outstanding

     0.97     1.04     1.97     2.36     0.82%  
  

 

 

 

 

(1)    Net of unearned income.
(2)    Includes nonaccrual loans.

 

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SCHEDULE IV-B

Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses

(In thousands except percentage data)

 

     2016      2015      2014      2013      2012  
December 31,    Amount      % of
Loans to
Total
Loans
     Amount      % of
Loans to
Total
Loans
     Amount      % of
Loans to
Total
Loans
     Amount      % of
Loans to
Total
Loans
     Amount      % of  
Loans to  
Total  
Loans  
 

Real estate, construction

   $ 262        10      $ 778        11      $ 1,110        12      $ 1,470        17      $ 1,167        18    

Real estate, mortgage

     4,150        71        5,964        70        7,182        73        5,825        68        5,648        69    

Loans to finance agricultural production

           1        1        2        1           1           1    

Commercial and industrial

     850        15        1,075        14        587        10        1,338        11        1,760        9    

Loans to individuals for household, family and other consumer expenditures

     200        2        247        2        282        2        289        1        273        1    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

        1           1           1           1           1    

All other loans

     4        1        5        1        43        1        12        1        9        1    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $       5,466        100      $       8,070        100      $       9,206        100      $       8,934        100      $       8,857        100    
  

 

 

 

 

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SCHEDULE V

Summary of Average Deposits and Their Yields

(In thousands, except percentage data)

 

     2016     2015     2014  
Years Ended December 31,    Amount      Rate     Amount      Rate     Amount      Rate  

Demand deposits in domestic offices

     $       129,788        N/A     $     119,046        N/A     $     108,786        N/A       

Negotiable interest bearing deposits in domestic offices

     300,306        .14     295,238        .07     306,904        .08%   

Savings deposits in domestic offices

     59,495        .05     54,543        .05     51,202        .05%   

Time deposits in domestic offices

     77,644        .59     74,923        .50     89,564        1.05%   
  

 

 

 

Total

     $       567,233        .36   $ 543,750        .33   $ 556,456        .83%   
  

 

 

 

Certificates of deposit in amounts of $100,000 or more by the amount of time remaining until maturity as of December 31, 2016, are as follows (in thousands):

 

Remaining maturity:

  

3 months or less

     $         15,220  

Over 3 months through 6 months

     3,562  

Over 6 months through 12 months

     13,976  

Over 12 months

     5,892  
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 38,650  
  

 

 

 

 

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SCHEDULE VI

Short Term Borrowings

(In thousands, except percentage data)

 

     2016     2015     2014  

Balance, December 31,

     $ 5,000     $ 10,000     $       30,000      

Weighted average interest rate at December 31,

     1.11     .55     .08%  

Maximum outstanding at any month- end during year

     $ 8,383     $ 48,634     $ 94,965      

Average amount outstanding during year

     $       8,240     $       25,680     $ 56,849      

Weighted average interest rate

     1.59     .78     .40%  

Note: Short term borrowings include federal funds purchased from other banks and short term borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank.

 

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SCHEDULE VII

Interest Sensitivity/Gap Analysis

(In thousands)

 

December 31, 2016:    0 - 3 Months      4 - 12 Months      1 - 5 Years      Over 5 Years      Total  

ASSETS:

              

Loans (1)

     $ 134,700      $ 24,898      $ 86,954      $ 56,949      $       303,501    

Available for sale securities

     18,370        15,001        128,893        71,314        233,578    

Held to maturity securities

     390        2,355        7,649        37,756        48,150    
  

 

 

 

Totals

     $ 153,460      $ 42,254      $ 223,496      $ 166,019      $ 585,229    
  

 

 

 

FUNDING SOURCES:

              

Interest bearing deposits

     $ 387,914      $ 31,552      $ 23,169      $      $ 442,635    

Borrowings from FHLB

     5,016        49        260        932        6,257    
  

 

 

 

Totals

     $ 392,930      $ 31,601      $ 23,429      $ 932      $ 448,892    
  

 

 

 

REPRICING/MATURITY GAP:

              

Period

     $       (239,470)      $ 10,653      $ 200,067      $ 165,087     

Cumulative

     (239,470)        (228,817)        (28,750)        136,337     

Cumulative Gap/Total Assets

     (34.81%)        (33.26%)        (4.18%)        19.82%     

 

 

(1) Amounts stated include fixed and variable rate loans that are still accruing interest. Variable rate loans are included in the next period in which they are subject to a change in rate. The principal portions of scheduled payments on fixed instruments are included in the period in which they become due or mature.

Capital Resources

Information about the Company’s capital resources is included in “Note J – Shareholders’ Equity” to the 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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ITEM 1a - RISK FACTORS

An investment in the Company’s stock involves a number of risks. Investors should carefully consider the following risks as well as the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the documents incorporated by reference before making an investment decision. The realization of any of the risks described below could have a material adverse effect on the Company and the price of its common stock.

RISKS RELATING TO THE COMPANY’S BUSINESS

Greater than expected loan losses may adversely affect the Company’s earnings.

The Company’s investment and loan portfolio subject the Company to credit risk. Credit losses are always inherent in the banking business but the continuing challenging economic environment in the Company’s trade area presents even more exposure to loss. The Company makes various assumptions and judgments about the collectibility of its loan portfolio and provides an allowance for loan losses based on a number of factors. The Company believes that its current allowance for loan losses is adequate and appropriate. However, if the Company’s assumptions or judgments prove to be incorrect, the allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover actual loan losses. In the event that our loan customers do not repay their loans according to the terms of the loans, and the collateral securing the repayment of these loans is insufficient to cover any remaining loan balances, the Company could experience significant loan losses or increase the provision for loan losses or both, which could have a material adverse effect on its operating results. In fact, these conditions were a significant cause of the net losses experienced by the Company in 2014 and 2015. The actual amount of future provisions for loan losses cannot be determined at this time and may vary from the amounts of past provisions.

The Company has a high concentration of loans secured by real estate, and a downturn in the real estate market could materially and adversely affect earnings.

A significant portion of the Company’s loan portfolio is dependent on real estate. At December 31, 2016, approximately 75% of the Company’s loans had real estate as a primary or secondary component of collateral. The collateral in each case provides an alternate source of repayment if the borrower defaults and may deteriorate in value during the time the credit is extended. Further deterioration in the value of real estate generally or in the Company’s trade area specifically could significantly impair the value of the collateral and restrict the ability to sell the collateral upon foreclosure. Furthermore, it is likely that the Company would be required to increase the provision for loan losses. If the Company were required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan to satisfy the debt during a period of reduced real estate value or to increase the allowance for loan losses, the Company’s profitability and financial condition could be adversely impacted.

The Company has a high concentration of exposure to a number of industries.

The Company has concentrations of loan exposure to the hotel/motel and gaming industries. At December 31, 2016, these exposures were approximately $40,319,000 and $31,311,000 or 13% and 10%, respectively, of the total loan portfolio. Economic conditions have negatively impacted tourism, which is one of the major factors for success in these industries. Given the size of these relationships, a significant loss in either of these portfolios could materially and adversely affect the Company’s earnings.

 

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The continuing economic downturn or a natural disaster, especially one affecting the Company’s trade area, could adversely affect the Company.

The Company’s trade area includes the Mississippi Gulf Coast and portions of southeast Louisiana and southwest Alabama. With the exception of a number of credits that are considered out of area, the Company’s credit exposure is generally limited to the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Although the national economy has shown signs of improvement, local conditions appear to be lagging this trend. As a result, the Company is at risk from continuing adverse business developments in its trade area, including declining real estate value, increasing loan delinquencies, personal and business bankruptcies and unemployment rates. The recent decline in oil prices has effected the economy in southeast Louisiana and may negatively impact the entire trade area. The Company is also at risk to weather-related disasters including hurricanes, floods and tornadoes. If the economy in the Company’s trade area experiences a natural disaster or worsening economic conditions, our operating results could be negatively impacted.

Economic factors could negatively impact the Company’s liquidity.

In addition to funds provided by its banking activities such as deposits, loan payments and proceeds from the maturity of investment securities, the Company’s liquidity needs have traditionally been met through the purchase of federal funds, often on an unsecured basis, and advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”). Disruption in the financial markets in previous years negatively impacted the availability of these unsecured funds. As a result, the Company increased its borrowing lines with the FHLB and secured approval to participate in the Federal Reserve’s Discount Window Primary Credit Program.

The Company is subject to industry competition which may have an impact on its success.

The profitability of the Company depends on its ability to compete successfully. The Company operates in a highly competitive financial services environment. Certain competitors are larger and may have more resources than the Company. The Company faces competition in its trade area from other commercial banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, internet banks, finance companies, insurance companies, brokerage and investment banking firms and other financial intermediaries. Some of these non-bank competitors are not subject to the same extensive regulations that govern the Company or the Bank and may have greater flexibility in competing for business. Increased competition could require the Company to increase the rates paid on deposits or lower the rates offered on loans, which could adversely affect and also limit future growth and earnings prospects.

The Company’s profitability is vulnerable to interest rate fluctuations.

The Company’s profitability is dependent to a large extent on net interest income, which is the difference between interest income on interest-earning assets, such as loans and investment securities, and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowings. The Company is asset sensitive to market interest rates, as its assets reprice more quickly to changes in interest rates than do its liabilities. Interest rates dropped by the unprecedented amount of 400 basis points during 2008 as the Federal Reserve, through its Federal Open Market

 

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Committee, attempted to stabilize the financial markets, reduce the effects of the recession and stimulate the economy. These actions taken by the Federal Reserve continued to impact the Company’s earnings in 2015. In December 2015 and December 2016, the Federal Reserve increased the discount rate 25 basis points with the fed funds and prime interest rates increasing as a result. Discount or fed funds rate changes that occur in 2017 may affect the Company’s earnings in the current year and/or in the future.

Changes in the policies of monetary authorities and other government action could adversely affect the Company’s profitability.

Many factors affect the demand for loans and the ability to attract deposits, including changes in government economic and monetary policies, particularly by the Federal Reserve, modifications to tax, banking and credit laws and regulations, national, state and local economic growth rates and employment rates. Previous legislation such as Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (“EESA”) and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“ARRA”) were passed to address issues facing certain financial institutions, improve the general availability of credit for consumers and businesses, stimulate the national economy and promote long-term growth and stability. Further regulation impacting the Company and its operations include The Dodd-Frank Act, which was passed to increase transparency, accountability and oversight over financial firms and products as well as to provide protection to consumers. The new capital requirements under BASEL III raise minimum capital requirements, change the definition of capital, create a capital conservation buffer and increase risk weights for certain assets and exposures. There can be no assurance that EESA, ARRA, Dodd-Frank or BASEL III will achieve their intended purposes. Furthermore, their failure could result in continuing or worsening economic and market conditions, and this could adversely affect our operations.

The Company is subject to regulation by various federal and state entities.

The Company is subject to the regulations of the SEC, the Federal Reserve Board, the FDIC and the MDBCF. New regulations issued by these agencies, including but not limited to those relating to the Patriot Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, The Dodd-Frank Act and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, may adversely affect the Company’s ability to carry on its business activities. The Company is also subject to various other federal and state laws and certain changes in these laws and regulations may adversely affect the Company’s operations. Noncompliance with certain of these regulations may impact the Company’s business plans or result in sanctions by regulatory agencies and/or civil money penalties, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. While the Company has policies and procedures designed to prevent any such violations, it cannot assure that such violations will be prevented.

The Company is also subject to laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as the accounting rules and regulations of the SEC and the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Changes in accounting rules could adversely affect the reported financial statements or results of operations of the Company and may also require additional effort or cost to implement.

 

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The Dodd-Frank Act and other legislative and regulatory initiatives relating to the financial services industry could materially affect the Company’s results of operations, financial condition, liquidity or the market price of the Company’s Common Stock.

The Dodd-Frank Act, as implemented by the regulations currently being promulgated by various federal regulatory agencies, along with other regulatory initiatives relating to the financial services industry, could materially affect the Company’s results of operations, financial condition, liquidity or the market price of the Company’s common stock. The Company is unable to completely evaluate these potential effects at this time. It is also possible that these measures could adversely affect the creditworthiness of counterparties, which could increase the Company’s risk profile.

The Company may be subject to more stringent capital and liquidity requirements which would adversely affect its net income and future growth.

The Dodd-Frank Act applies the same leverage and risk-based capital requirements that apply to insured depository institutions to most bank holding companies, which, among other things, will change the way in which hybrid securities, such as trust preferred securities, are treated for purposes of determining a bank holding company’s regulatory capital. On June 14, 2011, the federal banking agencies published a final rule regarding minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements for banks and bank holding companies consistent with the requirements of Section 171 of the Dodd-Frank Act. For a more detailed description of the minimum capital requirements see “Supervision and Regulation – Capital Standards”. The Dodd-Frank Act also increased regulatory oversight, supervision and examination of banks, bank holding companies and their respective subsidiaries by the appropriate regulatory agency. These requirements, and any other new regulations, could adversely affect the Company’s ability to pay dividends, or could require the Company to reduce business levels or to raise capital, including in ways that may adversely affect the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.

In addition, on September 12, 2010, the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision, the oversight body of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, announced agreement on the calibration and phase-in arrangements for a strengthened set of capital requirements, known as Basel III. In 2013, regulators adopted enhancements to U.S. capital standards based on Basel III. The revised standards create a new emphasis on Tier 1 common equity, modify eligibility criteria for regulatory capital instruments, and modify the methodology for calculating risk-weighted assets. The revised standards require the following:

 

 

Tier 1 Common Equity. For all supervised financial institutions, including the Company and the Bank, the ratio of Tier 1 common equity to risk-weighted assets (“Tier 1 Common Equity Capital ratio”) must be at least 4.5%. To be “well capitalized” the Tier 1 Common Equity Capital ratio must be at least 6.5%. If a capital conservation buffer of an additional 2.5% above the minimum 4.5% (or 7% overall) is not maintained, special restrictions would apply to capital distributions, such as dividends and stock repurchases, and on certain compensatory bonuses. Tier 1 common equity capital consists of core components of Tier 1 capital: common stock plus retained earnings net of goodwill, other intangible assets, and certain other required deduction items.

 

 

Tier 1 Capital Ratio. For all banking organizations, including the Bank, the ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets must be at least 6%. The threshold is raised from the current 4%, and the risk-weighting method is changed as mentioned above. To be “well capitalized” the Tier 1 capital ratio must be at least 8%.

 

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Total Capital Ratio. For all supervised financial institutions, including the Company and the Bank, the ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets must be at least 8%. Although this threshold is unchanged from current requirements, as mentioned above the method for risk-weighting assets has been changed. As a result of that method change, many banks could have experienced a reduction in this ratio if the change had been effective immediately when the rules were adopted.

 

 

Leverage Ratio – Base. For all banking organizations, including the Bank, the leverage ratio must be at least 4%. To be “well capitalized” the leverage ratio must be at least 5%.

 

 

Leverage Ratio – Supplemental. For the largest internationally active banking organizations, not including the Bank, a minimum supplementary leverage ratio must be maintained that takes into account certain off-balance sheet exposures.

The revised standards took effect on January 1, 2014 for the larger, so-called advanced-approaches institutions, and on January 1, 2015 for all other institutions, including the Company and the Bank. The capital conservation buffer requirement is subject to a phase-in period.

Future increases in minimum capital requirements could adversely affect the Company’s net income. Furthermore, the Company’s failure to comply with the minimum capital requirements could result in regulators taking formal or informal actions against the Company which could restrict future growth or operations.

The Company relies heavily on technology and computer systems, and disruptions of, failures of, advances in and changes in technology could significantly affect business.

As is customary in the banking industry, the Company is dependent upon automated and non-automated systems to record and process our transaction volume. This poses the risk that technical system flaws, employee errors or tampering or manipulation of those systems by employees, customers or outsiders will result in losses. Any such losses, which may be difficult to detect, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. In addition, the occurrence of such a loss could expose the Company to reputational risk, the loss of customer business, additional regulatory scrutiny or civil litigation and possible financial liability. The Company may also be subject to disruptions of operating systems arising from events that are beyond our control, such as computer viruses, communication and energy disruption and unethical individuals with technological ability to cause disruptions or failures of data processing systems. The Company’s ability to compete depends on the ability to continue to adapt to changes in technology on a timely and cost-effective basis to meet customers’ demands.

 

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RISKS RELATING TO AN INVESTMENT IN THE COMPANY’S COMMON STOCK

Securities issued by the Company are not FDIC insured.

The Company’s common stock is not a savings or deposit account or other obligation of the Bank and is not insured by the FDIC, the Bank Insurance Fund or any other government agency or instrumentality, or any private insurer and is subject to investment risk, including the possible loss of principal.

The directors of the Company and executive management own a significant number of shares of stock, allowing further control over business and corporate affairs.

The Company’s directors and executive officers beneficially own approximately 9% of the outstanding common stock of Peoples Financial Corporation. As a result, in addition to their day-to-day management roles, they will be able to exercise significant influence on the Company’s business as shareholders, including influence over election of the Board and the authorization of other corporate actions requiring shareholder approval.

The Company’s stock price can be volatile.

Stock price volatility may make it more difficult for you to sell your common stock when you want and at prices you find attractive. The Company’s stock price can fluctuate significantly in response to a variety of factors including, among other things:

 

    actual or anticipated variations in quarterly results of operations;

 

    recommendations by securities analysts;

 

    operating and stock price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to the Company;

 

    news reports relating to trends, concerns and other issues in the banking and financial services industry;

 

    perceptions in the marketplace regarding the Company or its competitors;

 

    new technology used, or services offered, by competitors;

 

    significant acquisitions or business combinations, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments by or involving the Company or its competitors;

 

    failure to integrate acquisitions or realize anticipated benefits from acquisitions;

 

    changes in government regulations; and

 

    geopolitical conditions such as acts or threats of terrorism or military conflicts.

 

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Additionally, general market fluctuations, industry factors and general economic and political conditions and events, such as economic slowdowns or recessions, interest rate changes or credit loss trends, could also cause the Company’s stock price to decrease regardless of operating results.

The trading volume in the Company’s common stock is less than that of other larger bank holding companies.

The Company’s common stock is listed for trading on The NASDAQ Capital Market. The average daily trading volume in the Company’s common stock is low, generally less than that of many of its competitors and other larger bank holding companies. A public trading market having the desired characteristics of depth, liquidity and orderliness depends on the presence in the marketplace of willing buyers and sellers of the Company’s common stock at any given time. This presence depends on the individual decisions of investors and general economic and market conditions over which the Company has no control. Given the lower trading volume of the Company’s common stock, significant sales of the Company’s common stock, or the expectation of these sales, could cause volatility in the price of the Company’s common stock.

Provisions of the Company’s articles of incorporation and bylaws, Mississippi law and state and federal banking regulations could delay or prevent a takeover by a third party.

Certain provisions of the Company’s articles of incorporation and bylaws and of state and federal law may make it more difficult for someone to acquire control of the Company. Under federal law, subject to certain exemptions, a person, entity or group must notify the federal banking agencies before acquiring 10% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a bank holding company, including the Company’s shares. Banking agencies review the acquisition to determine if it will result in a change of control. The banking agencies have 60 days to act on the notice, and take in to account several factors, including the resources of the acquirer and the antitrust effects of the acquisition. There are also Mississippi statutory provisions and provisions in the Company’s articles of incorporation and bylaws that may be used to delay or block a takeover attempt. As a result, these statutory provisions and provisions in the Company’s articles and bylaws could result in the Company being less attractive to a potential acquirer.

The Company’s future ability to pay dividends is subject to restrictions.

Since the Company is a holding company with no significant assets other than the Bank, the Company has no material source of funds other than dividends received from the Bank. Therefore, the ability to pay dividends to the shareholders will depend on the Bank’s ability to pay dividends to the Company. Moreover, banks and bank holding companies are both subject to certain federal and state regulatory restrictions on cash dividends. Currently, the Federal Reserve, the FDIC and the MDBCF must approve the declaration and payment of dividends by the Company and the Bank, respectively.

ITEM 1b - UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

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ITEM 2 - PROPERTIES

The principal properties of the Company are its 18 business locations, including the Main Office, which is located at 152 Lameuse Street in Biloxi, MS, 39530. The Armed Forces Retirement Home (“AFRH”) Branch located at 1800 Beach Drive, Gulfport, MS 39507, is located in space provided by the AFRH. The Keesler Branch located at 1507 Meadows Drive, Keesler AFB, MS 39534, is rented from the Department of Defense. All other branch locations are owned by the Company. The address of the other branch locations are:

 

Bay St. Louis Office

  

408 Highway 90 East, Bay St. Louis, MS 39520

Cedar Lake Office

  

1740 Popps Ferry Road, Biloxi, MS 39532

Diamondhead Office

  

5429 West Aloha Drive, Diamondhead, MS 39525

D’Iberville-St. Martin Office        

  

10491 Lemoyne Boulevard, D’Iberville, MS 39540

Downtown Gulfport Office

  

1105 30th Avenue, Gulfport, MS 39501

Gautier Office

  

2609 Highway 90, Gautier, MS 39553

Handsboro Office

  

0412 E. Pass Road, Gulfport, MS 39507

Long Beach Office

  

298 Jeff Davis Avenue, Long Beach, MS 39560

Ocean Springs Office

  

2015 Bienville Boulevard, Ocean Springs, MS 39564

Orange Grove Office

  

12020 Highway 49 North, Gulfport, MS 39503

Pass Christian Office

  

301 East Second Street, Pass Christian, MS 39571

Saucier Office

  

17689 Second Street, Saucier, MS 39574

Waveland Office

  

470 Highway 90, Waveland, MS 39576

West Biloxi Office

  

2560 Pass Road, Biloxi, MS 39531

Wiggins Office

  

1312 S. Magnolia Drive, Wiggins, MS 39577

ITEM 3 - LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Information relating to legal proceedings is included in “Note M – Contingencies” to the 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements which is in Item 8 in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 4 - MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

ITEM 5 - MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Dividends to the Company’s shareholders can generally be paid only from dividends paid to the Company by its bank subsidiary. Consequently, dividends are dependent upon the earnings, capital needs, regulatory policies and statutory limitations affecting the bank subsidiary. The Company and the bank subsidiary may not declare or pay any cash dividends without prior written approval of their regulators.

At December 31, 2016, there were 452 holders of the common stock of the Company and 5,123,186 shares were issued and outsanding. The Company’s stock is traded under the symbol PFBX and is quoted in publications under “PplFnMS”.

The following table sets forth the high and low sale prices of the Company’s common stock as reported on the NASDAQ Capital Market.

 

Year    Quarter      High      Low      Dividend Per
share
 

2016

     1st      $             9.50      $             8.53      $  
     2nd        11.26        8.90     
     3rd        11.41        10.23     
     4th        16.40        10.50     

2015

     1st      $ 12.44      $ 10.00      $                       
     2nd        10.99        9.21     
     3rd        11.15        9.31     
     4th        9.85        8.90     

 

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ITEM 6 - SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA (In thousands except per share data)

 

      2016      2015      2014      2013      2012  

Balance Sheet Summary

              

Total assets

     $ 688,014      $ 641,004      $ 668,895      $ 762,264      $ 804,912    

Available for sale securities

     233,578        202,807        215,122        275,440        258,875    

Held to maturity securities

     48,150        19,025        17,784        11,142        7,125    

Loans, net of unearned discount

     315,355        337,557        362,407        375,349        431,083    

Deposits

     575,016        512,707        392,714        428,558        475,719    

Borrowings from FHLB

     6,257        18,409        38,708        77,684        7,912    

Shareholders’ equity

     88,461        91,839        94,951        99,147        110,754    

Summary of Operations

              

Interest income

     $ 18,493      $ 19,311      $ 22,156      $ 24,956      $ 24,628    

Interest expense

     1,025        875        1,441        1,447        2,067    
  

 

 

 

Net interest income

     17,468        18,436        20,715        23,509        22,561    

Provision for loan losses

     568        2,582        7,404        9,661        4,264    
  

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     16,900        15,854        13,311        13,848        18,297    

Non-interest income

     6,549        6,898        8,619        9,067        9,529    

Non-interest expense

     23,204        28,106        27,208        25,654        25,277    
  

 

 

 

Income (loss) before taxes

     245        (5,354)        (5,278)        (2,739)        2,549    

Applicable income taxes

     78        (762)        4,726        (2,201)        (92)    
  

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     $ 167      $         (4,592)      $         (10,004)      $ (538)      $         2,641    
  

 

 

 

Per Share Data

              

Basic and diluted earnings per share

     $ .03      ($ .90)      ($ 1.95)      ($ .10)      $ .51    

Dividends per share

           .10           .20    

Book value

     17.27        17.93        18.53        19.35        21.56    

Weighted average number of shares

     5,123,186        5,123,186        5,123,186        5,128,889        5,136,918    

Selected Ratios

              

Return on average assets

     0.02%        (.69%)        (1.38%)        (.07%)        0.32%    

Return on average equity

     0.19%        (4.92%)        (10.31%)        (.51%)        2.40%    

Primary capital to average assets

     13.99%        15.06%        14.38%        13.64%        14.71%    

Risk-based capital ratios:

              

Tier 1

     21.69%        20.58%        20.70%        21.54%        20.04%    

Total

     22.94%        21.83%        21.95%        22.79%        21.29%    

 

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ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Peoples Financial Corporation (the “Company”) is a one-bank holding company headquartered in Biloxi, Mississippi. The following presents Management’s discussion and analysis of the consolidated financial condition and results of operations of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014. These comments highlight the significant events for these years and should be considered in combination with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this annual report.

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Congress passed the Private Securities Litigation Act of 1995 in an effort to encourage corporations to provide information about a company’s anticipated future financial performance. This act provides a safe harbor for such disclosure which protects the companies from unwarranted litigation if actual results are different from management expectations. This report contains forward-looking statements and reflects industry conditions, company performance and financial results. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of factors and uncertainties which could cause the Company’s actual results and experience to differ from the anticipated results and expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements. Such factors and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: changes in interest rates and market prices, changes in local economic and business conditions, increased competition for deposits and loans, a deviation in actual experience from the underlying assumptions used to determine and establish the allowance for loan losses, changes in the availability of funds resulting from reduced liquidity, changes in government regulations and acts of terrorism, weather or other events beyond the Company’s control.

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new accounting standards updates in 2016, which have been disclosed in Note A to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company does not generally expect that these updates will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations. However the effect of Accounting Standards Update 2016-13 is still being considered.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company evaluates these estimates and assumptions on an on-going basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment. We adjust such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Certain critical accounting policies affect the more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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Investments

Investments which are classified as available for sale are stated at fair value. A decline in the market value of an investment below cost that is deemed to be other-than-temporary is charged to earnings for the decline in value deemed to be credit related and a new cost basis in the security is established. The decline in value attributed to non-credit related factors is recognized in other comprehensive income. The determination of the fair value of securities may require Management to develop estimates and assumptions regarding the amount and timing of cash flows.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The Company’s allowance for loan losses (“ALL”) reflects the estimated losses resulting from the inability of its borrowers to make loan payments. The ALL is established and maintained at an amount sufficient to cover the estimated loss associated with the loan portfolio of the Company as of the date of the financial statements. Credit losses arise not only from credit risk, but also from other risks inherent in the lending process including, but not limited to, collateral risk, operation risk, concentration risk and economic risk. As such, all related risks of lending are considered when assessing the adequacy of the ALL. On a quarterly basis, Management estimates the probable level of losses to determine whether the allowance is adequate to absorb reasonably foreseeable, anticipated losses in the existing portfolio based on our past loan loss experience, known and inherent risk in the portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrowers’ ability to repay and the estimated value of any underlying collateral and current economic conditions. Management believes that the ALL is adequate and appropriate for all periods presented in these financial statements. If there was a deterioration of any of the factors considered by Management in evaluating the ALL, the estimate of loss would be updated, and additional provisions for loan losses may be required. The analysis divides the portfolio into two segments: a pool analysis of loans based upon a five year average loss history which is updated on a quarterly basis and which may be adjusted by qualitative factors by loan type and a specific reserve analysis for those loans considered impaired under GAAP. All credit relationships with an outstanding balance of $100,000 or greater that are included in Management’s loan watch list are individually reviewed for impairment. All losses are charged to the ALL when the loss actually occurs or when a determination is made that a loss is likely to occur; recoveries are credited to the ALL at the time of receipt.

Other Real Estate

Other real estate (“ORE”) includes real estate acquired through foreclosure. Each other real estate property is carried at fair value, less estimated costs to sell. Fair value is principally based on appraisals performed by third-party valuation specialists. If Management determines that the fair value of a property has decreased subsequent to foreclosure, the Company records a write down which is included in non-interest expense.

 

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Employee Benefit Plans

Employee benefit plan liabilities and pension costs are determined utilizing actuarially determined present value calculations. The valuation of the benefit obligation and net periodic expense is considered critical, as it requires Management and its actuaries to make estimates regarding the amount and timing of expected cash outflows including assumptions about mortality, expected service periods and the rate of compensation increases.

Income Taxes

GAAP requires the asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting for deferred income taxes. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for deferred income taxes and provide deferred income taxes for all significant income tax temporary differences. See Note I to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details. As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, the Company is required to estimate our income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. This process involves estimating our actual current tax exposure together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items, such as the provision for the allowance for loan losses, for tax and financial reporting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities that are included in our consolidated statement of condition. We must also assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent we believe that recovery is not likely, we must establish a valuation allowance. Significant management judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities and any valuation allowance recorded against our net deferred tax assets. To the extent the Company establishes a valuation allowance or adjusts this allowance in a period, we must include an expense within the tax provision in the consolidated statement of operations.

GAAP Reconciliation and Explanation

This Form 10-K contains non-GAAP financial measures determined by methods other than in accordance with GAAP. Such non-GAAP financial measures include taxable equivalent interest income and taxable equivalent net interest income. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures because it believes they are useful for evaluating our operations and performance over periods of time, as well as in managing and evaluating our business and in discussions about our operations and performance. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide users of our financial information with a meaningful measure for assessing our financial results, as well as comparison to financial results for prior periods. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for operating results determined in accordance with GAAP and may not be comparable to other similarly titled financial measures used by other companies. A reconciliation of these operating performance measures to GAAP performance measures for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 is included in the table on the following page.

 

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RECONCILATION OF NON-GAAP PERFORMANCE MEASURES (In thousands)

 

For the Years Ended December 31,    2016     2015     2014  

 

Interest income reconciliation:

      

Interest income - taxable equivalent

    $ 19,122     $ 19,969     $ 22,959    

Taxable equivalent adjustment

     (629     (658     (803)   
  

 

 

 

Interest income (GAAP)

    $ 18,493     $ 19,311     $ 22,156    
  

 

 

 

Net interest income reconciliation:

      

Net interest income - taxable equivalent

    $ 18,097     $ 19,094     $ 21,518    

Taxable equivalent adjustment

     (629     (658     (803)   
  

 

 

 

Net interest income (GAAP)

    $             17,468     $             18,436     $             20,715    
  

 

 

 

OVERVIEW

The Company is a community bank serving the financial and trust needs of its customers in our trade area, which is defined as those portions of Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama which are within a fifty mile radius of the Waveland, Wiggins and Gautier branches, the bank subsidiary’s three most outlying locations. Maintaining a strong core deposit base and providing commercial and real estate lending in our trade area are the traditional focuses of the Company. Growth has largely been achieved through de novo branching activity, and it is expected that these strategies will continue to be emphasized in the future.

The Company recorded net income of $167,000 for 2016 compared with a net loss of $4,592,000 for 2015 and a net loss of $10,004,000 for 2014. Results in 2016 included a decrease in net interest income and non-interest income, which were offset by a decrease in the provision for the allowance for loan losses and non-interest expense, as compared with 2015. Results in 2015 were primarily impacted by a decrease in net interest income and non-interest income and an increase in non-interest expense, which were partially offset by a decrease in the provision for the allowance for loan losses and income tax expense, as compared with 2014.

Managing the net interest margin in the Company’s highly competitive market continues to be very challenging. Net interest income was impacted primarily by the decrease in interest income on loans of $527,000 and the decrease in interest income on taxable available for sale securities of $573,000 for 2016 as compared with 2015. The decrease in interest income on loans was primarily the result of the decrease in average loans as principal payments, maturities, charge-offs and foreclosures on existing loans significantly exceeded new loans. The decrease in interest income on taxable available for sales securities is the result of shorter durations, and therefore lower yields, on new investments, in anticipation of rising rates as well as proceeds from calls and maturities of U.S. Agency securities being invested in U.S. Treasury securities which generally have a lower rate.

 

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Net interest income was impacted primarily by the decrease in interest income on loans of $1,296,000 and the decrease in interest income on taxable available for sale securities of $1,324,000 for 2015 as compared with 2014. The decrease in interest income on loans was primarily the result of a loan with an original balance of $20,000,000 on which the contractual rate is below the weighted average rate of other loans, which decreased the yield on average loans. The decrease in interest income on taxable available for sales securities is the result of shorter durations, and therefore lower yields, on new investments, in anticipation of rising rates.

Monitoring asset quality, estimating potential losses in our loan portfolio and addressing non-performing loans continue to be emphasized as the local economy has negatively impacted collateral values and borrowers’ ability to repay their loans. The Company’s nonaccrual loans totaled $11,854,000, $15,186,000 and $33,298,000 at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Most of these loans are collateral-dependent, and the Company has rigorously evaluated the value of its collateral to determine potential losses. The Company is working diligently to address and reduce its non-performing assets, and some stability in collateral values has occurred. The provision for the allowance for loan losses was $568,000, $2,582,000 and $7,404,000 for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Non-interest income decreased $349,000 for 2016 as compared with 2015 results and $1,721,000 for 2015 as compared with 2014 results. Service charges on deposit accounts decreased $500,000 for 2016 as compared with 2015 and decreased $1,637,000 for 2015 as compared with 2014 primarily as a result of decreased ATM fee income.

Non-interest expense decreased $4,902,000 for 2016 as compared with 2015 and increased $898,000 for 2015 as compared with 2014. The decrease for 2016 was the result of the decrease in salaries and employee benefits of $628,000, ORE expenses of $1,396,000 and ATM expenses of $628,000 as compared with 2015. There were not an impairment in 2016 but results for 2015 were impacted by a write-down of $1,695,000 from the credit impairment of a municipal security. The increase for 2015 was also the result of the increase in ORE expenses of $654,000, partially offset by decreases in salaries and employee benefits of $309,000 and ATM expenses of $1,226,000 as compared with 2014.

The Company recorded income tax expense of $78,000 for 2016 relating to the resolution of a recent examination by the Internal Revenue Service and an income tax benefit of $762,000 for 2015 relating to change in the valuation allowance. The Company recorded income tax expense of $4,726,000 for 2014 as a result of establishing a valuation allowance of $8,140,000 based on an evaluation of the Company’s deferred tax assets in 2014.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Net Interest Income

Net interest income, the amount by which interest income on loans, investments and other interest-earning assets exceeds interest expense on deposits and other borrowed funds, is the single largest component of the Company’s income. Management’s objective is to provide the largest possible amount of income while balancing interest rate, credit, liquidity and capital risk. Changes in the volume and mix of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities combined with changes in market rates of interest directly affect net interest income.

2016 as compared with 2015

The Company’s average interest-earning assets decreased approximately $1,598,000, or .27%, from approximately $600,280,000 for 2015 to approximately $598,682,000 for 2016. Average balances due from depository institutions increased approximately $20,338,000 primarily as a result of the decrease in average loans of approximately $28,475,000 due to principal payments, maturities, charge-offs and foreclosures on existing loans significantly exceeding new loans. The average yield on interest-earning assets was 3.33% for 2015 compared with 3.19% for 2016. The yield on average loans increased from 4.14% for 2015 to 4.34% as a result of the increase in prime rate during 2015 and 2016. This increase was offset by the yield on taxable available for sale securities, which decreased from 1.72% for 2015 to 1.36% for 2016 as recent investment purchases have shorter durations, and therefore lower yields, in anticipation of rising rates.

Average interest-bearing liabilities decreased approximately $4,539,000, or 1%, from approximately $450,224,000 for 2015 to approximately $445,685,000 for 2016. Average borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) decreased due to the liquidity needs of the bank subsidiary. The average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities increased 4 basis points, from .19% for 2015 to .23% for 2016.

The Company’s net interest margin on a tax-equivalent basis, which is net interest income as a percentage of average earning assets, was 3.18% for 2015 as compared with 3.02% for 2016.

2015 as compared with 2014

The Company’s average interest-earning assets decreased approximately $47,537,000, or 7%, from approximately $647,817,000 for 2014 to approximately $600,280,000 for 2015. The Company’s average balance sheet decreased primarily as decreased public funds enabled us to reduce our investment in securities. The average yield on interest-earning assets was 3.54% for 2014 compared with 3.33% for 2015. The yield on average loans decreased in 2015 as compared with 2014 as discussed in the Overview. The yield on taxable available for sale securities decreased from 1.99% for 2014 to 1.72% for 2015 as recent investment purchases have shorter durations, and therefore lower yields, in anticipation of rising rates.

Average interest-bearing liabilities decreased approximately $54,295,000, or 11%, from approximately $504,519,000 for 2014 to approximately $450,224,000 for 2015. Average

 

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borrowings from the FHLB decreased due to the liquidity needs of the bank subsidiary. The average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 10 basis points, from .29% for 2014 to .19% for 2015. This decrease was due to an immaterial interest expense adjustment on time deposits in 2014.

The Company’s net interest margin on a tax-equivalent basis, which is net interest income as a percentage of average earning assets, was 3.32% for 2014 as compared with 3.18% for 2015.

The tables below analyze the changes in tax-equivalent net interest income for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014.

 

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Analysis of Average Balances, Interest Earned/Paid and Yield

(In Thousands)

 

    2016     2015     2014  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    Average
Balance
    Interest
Earned/Paid
    Rate     Average
Balance
    Interest
Earned/Paid
    Rate     Average
Balance
    Interest
Earned/Paid
    Rate  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loans (1)(2)

    $         327,819      $ 14,232         4.34%        $ 356,294       $ 14,759       4.14%        $ 362,649     $ 16,055         4.43%   

Balances due from depository institutions

    31,559       278         0.88%        11,221       63       0.56%        7,305       21         0.29%   

Held to maturity:

                 

Taxable

    8,562       184         2.15%        452       9       1.99%         

Non taxable (3)

    19,596       725         3.70%        17,645       600       3.40%        13,696       474         3.46%   

Available for sale:

                 

Taxable

    188,512       2,558         1.36%        184,458       3,178       1.72%        225,742       4,502         1.99%   

Non taxable (3)

    20,902       1,123         5.37%        27,744       1,338       4.82%        34,360       1,889         5.50%   

Other

    1,732       22         1.27%        2,466       22       0.89%        4,065       18         0.44%   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

    $ 598,682      $ 19,122         3.19%        $         600,280       $         19,969       3.33%        $         647,817      $         22,959         3.54%   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Savings and interest- bearing DDA

    $ 359,801     $ 437         0.12%        $ 349,782       $ 306       0.09%        $ 358,106      $ 274         0.08%   

Time deposits

    77,644       457         0.59%        74,923       371       0.50%        89,564       937         1.05%   

Borrowings from FHLB

    8,240       131         1.59%        25,519       198       0.78%        56,849       230         0.40%   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

    $ 445,685     $ 1,025         0.23%        $ 450,224       $ 875       0.19%        $ 504,519      $ 1,441         0.29%   
 

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Net tax-equivalent spread

              2.97%                  3.14%                  3.25%   
     

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

 

Net tax-equivalent margin on earning assets

              3.02%                  3.18%                  3.32%   
     

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

(1) Loan fees of $389, $333 and $557 for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, are included in these figures.
(2) Includes nonaccrual loans.
(3) All interest earned is reported on a taxable equivalent basis using a tax rate of 34% in 2016, 2015 and 2014. See disclosure of non-GAAP financial measures on pages 48 and 49.

 

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ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN INTEREST INCOME AND EXPENSE (in thousands)

 

    

For the Year Ended

December 31, 2016 Compared With December 31, 2015

 
     Volume        Rate        Rate/Volume        Total    

Interest earned on:

           

Loans

     $ (1,180)       $ 709        $ (56)       $ (527)   

Balances due from depository institutions

     114          35          66          215    

Held to maturity securities:

           

Taxable

     161          1          13          175    

Non taxable

     66          53          6          125    

Available for sale securities:

           

Taxable

     70          (675)         (15)         (620)   

Non taxable

     (330)         153          (38)         (215)   

Other

     (7)         9          (2)      
  

 

 

 

Total

     $             (1,106)       $             285        $             (26)        $             (847)   
  

 

 

 

Interest paid on:

           

Savings and interest-bearing

           

DDA

     $      $ 119       $      $ 131   

Time deposits

     13         70                86    

Borrowings from FHLB

     (134)         207         (140)         (67)    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ (112)       $ 396       $ (134)       $ 150   
  

 

 

 

 

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For the Year Ended

December 31, 2015 Compared With December 31, 2014

 
     Volume        Rate        Rate/Volume        Total    

Interest earned on:

           

Loans

     $ (281)       $ (1,033)       $ 18        $ (1,296)   

Balances due from depository institutions

     11          20          11          42    

Held to maturity securities:

           

Taxable

     9                9    

Non taxable

     152          (20)         (6)         126    

Available for sale securities:

           

Taxable

     (823)         (613)         112          (1,324)   

Non taxable

     (364)         (232)         45          (551)   

Other

     (7)         18          (7)         4    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $             (1,303)       $             (1,860)       $             173        $             (2,990)   
  

 

 

 

Interest paid on:

           

Savings and interest-bearing

           

DDA

     $ (6)       $ 39       $ (1)       $ 32    

Time deposits

     (153)         (493)         80          (566)   

Borrowings from FHLB

     (127)         211         (116)         (32)   
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ (286)       $ (243)       $ (37)       $ (566)   
  

 

 

 

Provision for Allowance for Loan Losses

In the normal course of business, the Company assumes risk in extending credit to its customers. This credit risk is managed through compliance with the loan policy, which is approved by the Board of Directors. The policy establishes guidelines relating to underwriting standards, including but not limited to financial analysis, collateral valuation, lending limits, pricing considerations and loan grading. The Company’s Loan Review and Special Assets Departments play key roles in monitoring the loan portfolio and managing problem loans. New loans and, on a periodic basis, existing loans are reviewed to evaluate compliance with the loan policy. Loan customers in concentrated industries such as gaming and hotel/motel, as well as the exposure for out of area; residential and land development; construction and commercial real estate loans, and their direct and indirect impact on the Company’s operations are evaluated on a monthly basis. Loan delinquencies and deposit overdrafts are closely monitored in order to identify developing problems as early as possible. Lenders experienced in workout scenarios consult with loan officers and customers to address non-performing loans. A monthly watch list of credits which pose a potential loss to the Company is prepared based on the loan grading system. This list forms the foundation of the Company’s allowance for loan loss computation.

 

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Management relies on its guidelines and existing methodology to monitor the performance of its loan portfolio and to identify and estimate potential losses based on the best available information. The potential effect of declines in real estate values and actual losses incurred by the Company were key factors in our analysis. Much of the Company’s loan portfolio is collateral-dependent, requiring careful consideration of changes in the value of the collateral. Note A to the Consolidated Financial Statements discloses a summary of the accounting principles applicable to impaired and nonaccrual loans as well as the allowance for loan losses. Note C to the Consolidated Financial Statements presents additional analyses of the composition, aging and performance of the loan portfolio as well as the transactions in the allowance for loan losses.

The Company’s analysis includes evaluating the current value of collateral securing all nonaccrual loans. Nonaccrual loans totaled $11,854,000, $15,186,000 and $33,298,000 with specific reserves on these loans of $303,000, $1,697,000 and $2,507,000 as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The specific reserves allocated to nonaccrual loans are relatively low as collateral values appear sufficient to cover loan losses or the loan balances have been charged down to their realizable value.

The Company’s on-going, systematic evaluation resulted in the Company recording a total provision for the allowance for loan losses of $568,000, $2,582,000 and $7,404,000 in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. As a result of receiving new information and updated appraisals on several collateral-dependent loans, the Company increased its provision for loan losses during the fourth quarter of 2016 and for all of 2015 and 2014. The new appraisals caused Management to update the evaluation of these loans and increase the loan loss provision significantly for several non-performing loans in its residential development and commercial real estate segments during these years. The allowance for loan losses as a percentage of loans was 1.73%, 2.39% and 2.54% at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The Company believes that its allowance for loan losses is appropriate as of December 31, 2016.

The allowance for loan losses is an estimate, and as such, events may occur in the future which may affect its accuracy. The Company anticipates that it is possible that additional information will be gathered in the future which may require an adjustment to the allowance for loan losses. Management will continue to closely monitor its portfolio and take such action as it deems appropriate to accurately report its financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Non-interest Income

2016 as compared with 2015

Total non-interest income decreased $349,000 in 2016 as compared with 2015. Service charges on deposit accounts decreased $500,000 primarily as a result of decreased ATM fees. ATM fees decreased $416,000 as the Company’s off-site ATMs at a casino transferred to another vendor during 2015 which reduced ATM transactions. Securities were sold during 2016 for a gain of $158,000 in 2016 as compared with a gain of $8,000 in 2015.

2015 as compared with 2014

Total non-interest income decreased $1,721,000 in 2015 as compared with 2014. Trust department income and fees increased $179,000 as a result of the increase in market value, on which fees are based, of personal trust accounts and an increase in fees charged. Service charges on deposit accounts decreased $1,637,000 primarily as a result of decreased ATM fees. ATM fees decreased $1,386,000 as the Company’s off-site ATMs at a casino transferred to another vendor during 2015 which reduced ATM transactions. The Company realized a loss of $218,000 from operations of its investment in a low income housing partnership in 2015 as compared with a loss from operations of $64,000 in 2014 as a result of decreased occupancy.

Non-interest Expense

2016 as compared with 2015

Total non-interest expense decreased $4,902,000 in 2016 as compared with 2015. Salaries and employee benefits decreased $628,000 primarily as a result of decreased salaries and health insurance costs. Salaries decreased $247,000 due to attrition. Health insurance costs decreased $434,000 as a result of decreasing claims. The Company recorded a loss of $1,695,000 from the credit impairment of a municipal security during 2015. Other expense decreased $2,682,000 for 2016 as compared with 2015. This decrease was primarily the result of a decrease in ATM expenses, legal and other real estate expenses. ATM expense decreased $628,000 as a result of decreased ATM activity as off-site ATMs at a casino transferred to another vendor. Legal expenses decreased $252,000 primarily as a result of legal fees associated with non-performing loans. Decreased write downs of other real estate to fair value and a reduction in losses on sales of ORE caused these expenses to decrease $1,396,000 in 2016 as compared with 2015.

2015 as compared with 2014

Total non-interest expense increased $898,000 in 2015 as compared with 2014. Salaries and employee benefits decreased $309,000 primarily as a result of decreased salaries and health insurance costs. Salaries decreased $113,000 due to attrition. Health insurance costs decreased $150,000 as a result of decreasing claims. Equipment rentals, depreciation and maintenance decreased $245,000 as 2014 results included additional servicing costs associated with bank-wide hardware and software conversion costs. The Company recorded a loss of $1,695,000 from the credit impairment of a municipal security during 2015. Other expense decreased $128,000 for

 

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2015 as compared with 2014. This decrease was the result of a decrease in ATM expenses and increases in legal and other real estate expenses. ATM expense decreased $1,226,000 as a result of decreased ATM activity as off-site ATMs at a casino transferred to another vendor. Legal expenses increased $292,000 primarily as a result of legal fees associated with non-performing loans. Increased write downs of other real estate to fair value and losses on sales of ORE caused these expenses to increase $654,000 in 2015 as compared with 2014.

Income Taxes

Income taxes have been impacted by non-taxable income and federal tax credits during 2016, 2015 and 2014. The Company recognized an income tax benefit of $762,000 in 2015, and income tax expense of $78,000 and $4,726,000 in 2016 and 2014, respectively. During 2014, Management established a valuation allowance against its net deferred tax asset of approximately $8,140,000, which caused the expense to increase during this period. As of December 31, 2016, the valuation allowance is still in place. The 2015 benefit was the result of changes in certain components of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities. Note I to the Consolidated Financial Statements presents a reconciliation of income taxes for these three years and further analysis of the valuation allowance.

FINANCIAL CONDITION

Cash and due from banks increased $9,720,000 at December 31, 2016, compared with December 31, 2015 in the management of the bank subsidiary’s liquidity position.

Available for sale securities increased $30,771,000 and held to maturity securities increased $29,125,000 at December 31, 2016 compared with December 31, 2015 as the Company invested some of its excess funding in order to increase interest income.

Loans decreased $22,202,000 at December 31, 2016 compared with December 31, 2015, as principal payments, maturities, charge-offs and foreclosures on existing loans exceeded new loans.

Total deposits increased $62,309,000 at December 31, 2016, as compared with December 31, 2015. Typically, significant increases or decreases in total deposits and/or significant fluctuations among the different types of deposits from year to year are anticipated by Management as customers in the casino industry and county and municipal entities reallocate their resources periodically.

Borrowings from the FHLB decreased $12,152,000 at December 31, 2016 as compared with December 31, 2015 based on the liquidity needs of the bank subsidiary.

 

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SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND CAPITAL ADEQUACY

Strength, security and stability have been the hallmark of the Company since its founding in 1985 and of its bank subsidiary since its founding in 1896. A strong capital foundation is fundamental to the continuing prosperity of the Company and the security of its customers and shareholders. The primary and risk-based capital ratios are important indicators of the strength of a Company’s capital. These figures are presented in the Five-Year Comparative Summary of Selected Financial Information. The Company has established the goal of being classified as “well-capitalized” by the banking regulatory authorities.

Significant transactions affecting shareholders’ equity during 2016 are described in Note J to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity also presents all activity in the Company’s equity accounts.

LIQUIDITY

Liquidity represents the Company’s ability to adequately provide funds to satisfy demands from depositors, borrowers and other commitments by either converting assets to cash or accessing new or existing sources of funds. Note L to the Consolidated Financial Statements discloses information relating to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk, including letters of credit and outstanding unused loan commitments. The Company closely monitors the potential effects of funding these commitments on its liquidity position. Management monitors these funding requirements in such a manner as to satisfy these demands and to provide the maximum return on its earning assets.

The Company monitors and manages its liquidity position diligently through a number of methods, including through the computation of liquidity risk targets and the preparation of various analyses of its funding sources and utilization of those sources on a monthly basis. The Company also uses proforma liquidity projections which are updated on a continuous basis in the management of its liquidity needs and also conducts contingency testing on its liquidity plan. The Company has also been approved to participate in the Federal Reserve’s Discount Window Primary Credit Program, which it intends to use only as a contingency. Management carefully monitors its liquidity needs, particularly relating to potentially volatile deposits, and the Company has encountered no problems with meeting its liquidity needs.

Deposits, payments of principal and interest on loans, proceeds from maturities of investment securities and earnings on investment securities are the principal sources of funds for the Company.

The Company also uses other sources of funds, including borrowings from the FHLB. The Company generally anticipates relying on deposits, purchases of federal funds and borrowings from the FHLB for its liquidity needs in 2017.

 

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REGULATORY MATTERS

During 2016, Management identified opportunities for improving information technology operations and security, risk management and earnings, addressing asset quality concerns, analyzing and assessing the Bank’s management and staffing needs, and managing concentrations of credit risk as a result of its own investigation as well as examinations performed by certain bank regulatory agencies. In concert with the regulators, the Company has identified specific corrective steps and actions to enhance its information technology operations and security, risk management, earnings, asset quality and staffing. The Company and the Bank may not declare or pay any cash dividends without the prior written approval of their regulators.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

The Company is a party to off-balance-sheet arrangements in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as it does for on-balance-sheet arrangements. Since some of the commitments and irrevocable letters of credit may expire without being drawn upon, the total amount does not necessarily represent future cash requirements. As discussed previously, the Company carefully monitors its liquidity needs and considers its cash requirements, especially for loan commitments, in making decisions on investments and obtaining funds from its other sources. Further information relating to off-balance-sheet instruments can be found in Note L to the Consolidated Financial Statement.

ITEM 7A - QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

As a smaller reporting company, the Company is not required to provide this information.

ITEM 8 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Consolidated Statements of Condition as of December  31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     61  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December  31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     63  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     65  

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     66  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December  31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     67  

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

     69  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     115  

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Condition

(in thousands except share data)

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Assets

        

Cash and due from banks

     $ 41,116       $ 31,396       $ 23,556   

Available for sale securities

     233,578         202,807         215,122   

Held to maturity securities, fair value of $46,935 - 2016; $19,220 - 2015; $17,859 - 2014

     48,150         19,025         17,784   

Other investments

     2,693         2,744         2,962   

Federal Home Loan Bank Stock, at cost

     539         1,637         2,504   

Loans

     315,355         337,557         362,407   

Less: Allowance for loan losses

     5,466         8,070         9,206   
  

 

 

 

Loans, net

     309,889         329,487         353,201   

Bank premises and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

     21,644         22,446         23,784   

Other real estate

     8,513         9,916         7,646   

Accrued interest receivable

     1,855         1,832         2,125   

Cash surrender value of life insurance

     19,249         18,735         18,145   

Other assets

     788         979         2,066   
  

 

 

 

Total assets

     $         688,014       $         641,004       $         668,895   
  

 

 

 

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Condition (continued)

(in thousands except share data)

 

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

        

Liabilities:

        

Deposits:

        

Demand, non-interest bearing

     $ 132,381       $ 122,743       $ 103,607   

Savings and demand, interest bearing

     364,975         315,141         336,740   

Time, $100,000 or more

     38,650         35,389         35,925   

Other time deposits

     39,010         39,434         40,648   
  

 

 

 

Total deposits

     575,016         512,707         516,920   

Borrowings from Federal Home Loan Bank

     6,257         18,409         38,708   

Employee and director benefit plans liabilities

     16,768         16,283         16,957   

Other liabilities

     1,512         1,766         1,359   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     599,553         549,165         573,944   

Shareholders’ Equity:

        

Common stock, $1 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, 5,123,186 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014

     5,123         5,123         5,123   

Surplus

     65,780         65,780         65,780   

Undivided profits

     19,318         19,151         23,743   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

     (1,760)        1,785         305   
  

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     88,461         91,839         94,951   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

     $         688,014       $         641,004       $         668,895   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands except per share data)

 

Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Interest income:

        

Interest and fees on loans

     $ 14,232       $ 14,759       $ 16,055   

Interest and dividends on securities:

        

U. S. Treasuries

     1,133         626         587   

U.S. Government agencies

     872         1,956         3,027   

Mortgage-backed securities

     600         596         888   

States and political subdivisions

     1,325         1,280         1,560   

Other investments

     53         31         18   

Interest on balances due from depository institutions

     278         63         21   
  

 

 

 

Total interest income

     18,493         19,311         22,156   
  

 

 

 

Interest expense:

        

Deposits

     894         677         1,211   

Borrowings from Federal Home Loan Bank

     131         198         230   
  

 

 

 

Total interest expense

     1,025         875         1,441   
  

 

 

 

Net interest income

     17,468         18,436         20,715   

Provision for allowance for loan losses

     568         2,582         7,404   
  

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for allowance for loan losses

   $          16,900       $          15,854       $          13,311   
  

 

 

 

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations (continued)

(in thousands except per share data)

 

Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Non-interest income:

        

Trust department income and fees

     1,614        1,642        1,463   

Service charges on deposit accounts

     3,763        4,263        5,900   

Gain on liquidation, sales and calls of securities

     158        8        99   

Loss on other investments

     (51)        (218)        (64)   

Increase in cash surrender value of life insurance

     406        489        589   

Other income

     659        714        632   
  

 

 

 

Total non-interest income

     6,549        6,898        8,619   
  

 

 

 

Non-interest expense:

        

Salaries and employee benefits

     11,088        11,716        12,025   

Net occupancy

     2,323        2,365        2,480   

Equipment rentals, depreciation and maintenance

     2,954        2,809        3,054   

Loss on credit impairment of securities

        1,695     

Other expense

     6,839        9,521        9,649   
  

 

 

 

Total non-interest expense

     23,204        28,106        27,208   
  

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     245        (5,354)        (5,278)   

Income tax (benefit) expense

     78        (762)        4,726   
  

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     $      167         $              (4,592)       $          (10,004)   
  

 

 

 

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share

     $      .03        ($ .90)        ($1.95)   
  

 

 

 

Dividends declared per share

     $         $       $ .10   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands)

 

Years Ended December 31,    2016     2015     2014  

Net income (loss)

     $ 167     $ (4,592 )     $ (10,004 )  

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

      

Net unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale securities, net of tax of $390 and $3,506 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively

     (3,345 )       762       6,806  

Reclassification adjustment for realized gains on available for sale securities called or sold in current year , net of tax of $3 and $34 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively

     (158 )       (5 )       (65 )  

Gain (loss) from unfunded post-retirement benefit obligation, net of tax of $372 and $217 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively

     (42 )       723       (421 )  
  

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     (3,545 )       1,480       6,320  
  

 

 

 

Total comprehensive loss

     $             (3,378 )     $           (3,112 )     $           (3,684 )  
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

(in thousands except share and per share data)

 

    

Number of

Common

Shares

     Common  
Stock  
     Surplus          Undivided    
Profits    
   

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

    Total  
  

 

 

 

Balance, January 1, 2014

     5,123,186      $ 5,123      $ 65,780      $ 34,259     $ (6,015   $ 99,147    

Net loss

              (10,004       (10,004)   

Other comprehensive income

                6,320       6,320    

Cash dividend ($.10 per share)

              (512       (512)   
  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2014

     5,123,186        5,123        65,780        23,743       305       94,951    

Net loss

              (4,592       (4,592)   

Other comprehensive income

                1,480       1,480    
  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2015

     5,123,186        5,123        65,780        19,151       1,785       91,839    

Net income

              167         167    

Other comprehensive loss

                (3,545     (3,545)   
  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2016

         5,123,186      $ 5,123      $ 65,780      $ 19,318     $ (1,760   $ 88,461    
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

 

Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net income (loss)

   $       167       $     (4,592)       $ (10,004)     

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation

     1,823         1,754          1,817     

Provision for allowance for loan losses

     568         2,582          7,404     

Writedown of other real estate

     782         937          1,261     

(Gain) loss on sales of other real estate

     (251)         789          (47)     

Loss on credit impairment of securities

        1,695       

Loss on other investments

     51         218          64     

Amortization of available for sale securities

     30         224          250     

(Accretion) amortization of held to maturity securities

     181         83          (3)     

Gain on liquidation, sales and calls of securities

     (158)         (8)         (99)     

Increase in cash surrender value of life insurance

     (406)         (489)         (589)     

Change in accrued interest receivable

     (23)         293          482     

Change in other assets

     191         1,087          810     

Change in other liabilities

     189         66          5,218     
  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 3,144       $ 4,639        $       6,564     
  

 

 

 

 

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Peoples Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)

(in thousands)

 

Years Ended December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Cash flows from investing activities:

        

Proceeds from maturities, liquidation, sales and calls of available for sale securities

     $ 149,715       $ 56,593       $ 72,374   

Purchases of available for sale securities

     (183,861)         (45,042)         (1,995)   

Proceeds from maturities of held to maturity securities

     510         210         660   

Purchases of held to maturity securities

     (29,816)         (1,534)         (7,299)   

Redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

     1,098         867         1,330   

Redemption of other investments

           236   

Proceeds from sales of other real estate

     2,775         3,506         2,115   

Loans, net change

     17,127         13,630         4,465   

Acquisition of premises and equipment

     (1,021)         (416)         (293)   

Investment in cash surrender value of life insurance

     (108)         (101)         (100)   
  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (43,581)         27,713         71,493   
  

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

        

Demand and savings deposits, net change

     59,472         (2,463)         (23,414)   

Time deposits, net change

     2,837         (1,750)         (27,863)   

Cash dividends

           (512)   

Borrowings from Federal Home Loan Bank

     98,920         992,545         2,013,013   

Repayments to Federal Home Loan Bank

     (111,072)         (1,012,844)         (2,051,989)   
  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     50,157         (24,512)         (90,765)   
  

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     9,720         7,840         (12,708)   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     31,396         23,556         36,264   
  

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

       $          41,116         $          31,396         $          23,556   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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PEOPLES FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE A – BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

Business of The Company

Peoples Financial Corporation (the “Company”) is a one-bank holding company headquartered in Biloxi, Mississippi. Its two operating subsidiaries are The Peoples Bank, Biloxi, Mississippi (the “Bank”), and PFC Service Corp. Its principal subsidiary is the Bank, which provides a full range of banking, financial and trust services to state, county and local government entities and individuals and small and commercial businesses operating in those portions of Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama which are within a fifty mile radius of the Waveland, Wiggins and Gautier branches, the Bank’s three most outlying locations (the “trade area”).

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Basis of Accounting

The Company and its subsidiaries recognize assets and liabilities, and income and expense, on the accrual basis of accounting. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Material estimates common to the banking industry that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term include, but are not limited to, the determination of the allowance for loan losses, the valuation of other real estate acquired in connection with foreclosure or in satisfaction of loans, assumptions relating to employee and director benefit plan liabilities and valuation allowances associated with the realization of deferred tax assets, which are based on future taxable income.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 82). ASU 2016-02 provides certain targeted improvements to align lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after January 1, 2019. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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In March 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-03, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350); Business Combinations (Topic 805); Consolidation (Topic 810); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Effective Date and Transition Guidance. ASU 2016-03 amends the guidance in ASUs 2014-02, 2014-03, 2014-07 and 2014-18 to remove their effective dates and render them effective immediately. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In March 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-07, Investments – Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting. ASU 2016-07 eliminates the requirement that when an investment qualifies for use of the equity method as a result of an increase in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence, an investor must adjust the investment, results of operations and retained earnings retroactively on a step by step basis. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after January 1, 2016. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In June 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Adoption of ASU 2016-13 will require financial institutions and other organizations to use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. In addition, the ASU amends the accounting for credit losses on available for sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early application will be permitted for all organizations for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is in the process of determining the effect of ASU 2016-13 on its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

In August 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). ASU 2016-15 provides classification guidance in order to reduce diversity in practice for certain transactions. Such transactions include debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance, distributions received from equity method investments, beneficial interests in securitization transactions and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after January 1, 2017. Early application will be permitted for all organizations for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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In October 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. ASU 2016-16 requires that an entity recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In November 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. ASU 2016-18 requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early application will be permitted for all organizations for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In December 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-19, Technical Corrections and Improvements. ASU 2016-19 includes amendments to provide guidance clarification and references corrections and provide minor structure changes to headings or minor editing to text to improve usefulness and understandability. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In January 2017, FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. ASU 2017-01 clarifies the definition of a business to determine whether a business has been acquired or sold. This update will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early application will be permitted for all organizations under certain circumstances. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Cash and Due from Banks

The Company is required to maintain average reserve balances in its vault or on deposit with the Federal Reserve Bank. The average amount of these reserve requirements was approximately $4,240,000, $2,084,000 and $417,000 for the years ending December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.    

Securities

The classification of securities is determined by Management at the time of purchase. Securities are classified as held to maturity when the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold the security until maturity. Securities held to maturity are stated at amortized cost. Securities not classified as held to maturity are classified as available for sale and are stated at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, on these securities are recorded in shareholders’ equity as

 

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accumulated other comprehensive income. The amortized cost of available for sale securities and held to maturity securities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity, determined using the interest method. Such amortization and accretion is included in interest income on securities. A decline in the market value of any investment below cost that is deemed to be other-than-temporary is charged to earnings for the decline in value deemed to be credit related and a new cost basis in the security is established. The decline in value attributed to non-credit related factors is recognized in other comprehensive income. In estimating other-than-temporary losses, Management considers the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, the financial condition and nature of the issuer, the cause of the decline, especially if related to a change in interest rates, and the intent and ability of the Company to retain the investment in the issuer for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. The specific identification method is used to determine realized gains and losses on sales of securities, which are reported as gain (loss) on sales and calls of securities in non-interest income.

Other Investments

Other investments include a low income housing partnership in which the Company is a 99% limited partner. The partnership has qualified to receive annual low income housing federal tax credits that are recognized as a reduction of the current tax expense. The investment is accounted for using the equity method.

Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

The Company is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas (“FHLB”) and as such is required to maintain a minimum investment in its stock that varies with the level of FHLB advances outstanding. The stock is bought from and sold to the FHLB based on its $100 par value. The stock does not have a readily determinable fair value and as such is classified as restricted stock, carried at cost and evaluated for impairment in accordance with GAAP.

Loans

The loan portfolio consists of commercial and industrial and real estate loans within the Company’s trade area that we have the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity. The loan policy establishes guidelines relating to pricing; repayment terms; collateral standards including loan to value limits, appraisal and environmental standards; lending authority; lending limits and documentation requirements.

Loans are stated at the amount of unpaid principal, reduced by unearned income and the allowance for loan losses. Interest on loans is recognized on a daily basis over the terms of each loan based on the unpaid principal balance. Loan origination fees are recognized as income when received. Revenue from these fees is not material to the financial statements.

The Company continuously monitors its relationships with its loan customers in concentrated industries such as gaming and hotel/motel, as well as the exposure for out of area, land development, construction and commercial real estate loans, and their direct and indirect impact

 

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on its operations. Loan delinquencies and deposit overdrafts are monitored on a weekly basis in order to identify developing problems as early as possible. On a monthly basis, a watch list of credits based on our loan grading system is prepared. Grades are applied to individual loans based on factors including repayment ability, financial condition of the borrower and payment performance. Loans with lower grades are placed on the watch list of credits. The watch list is the primary tool for monitoring the credit quality of the loan portfolio. Once loans are determined to be past due, the loan officer and the special assets department work vigorously to return the loans to a current status.

The Company places loans on a nonaccrual status when, in the opinion of Management, they possess sufficient uncertainty as to timely collection of interest or principal so as to preclude the recognition in reported earnings of some or all of the contractual interest. Accrued interest on loans classified as nonaccrual is reversed at the time the loans are placed on nonaccrual. Interest received on nonaccrual loans is applied against principal. Loans are restored to accrual status when the obligation is brought current or has performed in accordance with the contractual terms for a reasonable period of time and the ultimate collectibility of the total contractual principal and interest is no longer in doubt. The placement of loans on and removal of loans from nonaccrual status must be approved by Management.

Loans which become 90 days delinquent are reviewed relative to collectibility. Unless such loans are in the process of terms revision to bring them to a current status or foreclosure or in the process of collection, these loans are placed on nonaccrual and, if deemed uncollectible, are charged off against the allowance for loan losses. That portion of a loan which is deemed uncollectible will be charged off against the allowance as a partial charge off. All charge offs must be approved by Management and are reported to the Board of Directors.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses (“ALL”) is a valuation account available to absorb losses on loans.The ALL is established through provisions for loan losses charged against earnings. Loans deemed to be uncollectible are charged against the ALL, and subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

The ALL is based on Management’s evaluation of the loan portfolio under current economic conditions and is an amount that Management believes will be adequate to absorb probable losses on loans existing at the reporting date. On a quarterly basis, the Company’s problem asset committee meets to review the watch list of credits, which is formulated from the loan grading system. Members of this committee include loan officers, collection officers, the special assets director, the chief lending officer, the chief credit officer, the chief financial officer and the chief executive officer. The evaluation includes Management’s assessment of several factors: review and evaluation of specific loans, changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, current and anticipated economic conditions and the related impact on specific borrowers and industry groups, a study of loss experience, a review of classified, nonperforming and delinquent loans, the estimated value of any underlying collateral, an estimate of the possibility of loss based on the risk

 

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characteristics of the portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay and the results of regulatory examinations. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant change.

The ALL consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that are classified as impaired. The general component of the allowance relates to loans that are not impaired. Changes to the components of the ALL are recorded as a component of the provision for the allowance for loan losses. Management must approve changes to the ALL and must report its actions to the Board of Directors. The Company believes that its allowance for loan losses is appropriate at December 31, 2016.

The Company considers a loan to be impaired when, based upon current information and events, it believes it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. The Company’s impaired loans include troubled debt restructurings and performing and non-performing major loans for which full payment of principal or interest is not expected. Payments received for impaired loans not on nonaccrual status are applied to principal and interest.

All impaired loans are reviewed, at a minimum, on a quarterly basis. The Company calculates the specific allowance required for impaired loans based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s observable market price or the fair value of its collateral. Most of the Company’s impaired loans are collateral-dependent.

The fair value of the collateral for collateral-dependent loans is based on appraisals performed by third-party valuation specialists, comparable sales and other estimates of fair value obtained principally from independent sources such as the Multiple Listing Service or county tax assessment valuations, adjusted for estimated selling costs. The Company has a Real Estate Appraisal Policy (the “Policy”) which is in compliance with the guidelines set forth in the “Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines” which implement Title XI of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 (“FIRREA”) and the revised “Interagency Appraisal and Evaluation Guidelines” issued in 2010. The Policy further requires that appraisals be in writing and conform to the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (“USPAP”). An appraisal prepared by a state-licensed or state-certified appraiser is required on all new loans secured by real estate in excess of $250,000. Loans secured by real estate in an amount of $250,000 or less, or that qualify for an exemption under FIRREA, must have a summary appraisal report or in-house evaluation, depending on the facts and circumstances. Factors including the assumptions and techniques utilized by the appraiser, which could result in a downward adjustment to the collateral value estimates indicated in the appraisal, are considered by the Company.

When Management determines that a loan is impaired and the loan is collateral-dependent, an evaluation of the fair value of the collateral is performed. The Company maintains established criteria for assessing whether an existing appraisal continues to reflect the fair value of the property for collateral-dependent loans. Appraisals are generally considered to be valid for a period of at

 

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least twelve months. However, appraisals that are less than 12 months old may need to be adjusted. Management considers such factors as the property type, property condition, current use of the property, current market conditions and the passage of time when determining the relevance and validity of the most recent appraisal of the property. If Management determines that the most recent appraisal is no longer valid, a new appraisal is ordered from an independent and qualified appraiser.

During the interim period between ordering and receipt of the new appraisal, Management considers if the existing appraisal should be discounted to determine the estimated fair value of collateral. Discounts are applied to the existing appraisal and take into consideration the property type, condition of the property, external market data, internal data, reviews of recently obtained appraisals and evaluations of similar properties, comparable sales of similar properties and tax assessment valuations. When the new appraisal is received and approved by Management, the valuation stated in the appraisal is used as the fair value of the collateral in determining impairment, if any. If the recorded investment in the impaired loan exceeds the measure of fair value, a valuation allowance is required as a specific component of the allowance for loan losses. Any specific reserves recorded in the interim are adjusted accordingly.

The general component of the ALL is the loss estimated by applying historical loss percentages to non-classified loans which have been divided into segments. These segments include gaming; residential and land development; real estate, construction; real estate, mortgage; commercial and industrial and all other. The loss percentages are based on each segment’s historical five year average loss experience which may be adjusted by qualitative factors such as changes in the general economy, or economy or real estate market in a particular geographic area or industry.

Bank Premises and Equipment

Bank premises and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of the related assets.

Other Real Estate

Other real estate (“ORE”) includes real estate acquired through foreclosure. Each other real estate property is carried at fair value, less estimated costs to sell. Fair value is principally based on appraisals performed by third-party valuation specialists. Any excess of the carrying value of the related loan over the fair value of the real estate at the date of foreclosure is charged against the ALL. Any expense incurred in connection with holding such real estate or resulting from any writedowns in value subsequent to foreclosure is included in non-interest expense. When the other real estate property is sold, a gain or loss is recognized on the sale for the difference, if any, between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the property. If the fair value of the ORE, less estimated costs to sell at the time of foreclosure, decreases during the holding period, the ORE is written down with a charge to non-interest expense. Generally, ORE properties are actively marketed for sale and Management is continuously monitoring these properties in order to minimize any losses.

 

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Trust Department Income and Fees

Corporate trust fees are accounted for on an accrual basis and personal trust fees are recorded when received.

Income Taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Additionally, the recognition of future tax benefits, such as net operating loss carry forwards, is required to the extent that realization of such benefits is more likely than not. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the assets and liabilities are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income tax expense in the period that includes the enactment date.

In the event the future tax consequences of differences between the financial reporting bases and the tax bases of the Company’s assets and liabilities results in deferred tax assets, an evaluation of the probability of being able to realize the future benefits indicated by such asset is required. A valuation allowance is provided for the portion of the deferred tax asset when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. In assessing the realizability of the deferred tax assets, Management considers the scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies. The Company currently evaluates income tax positions judged to be uncertain. A loss contingency reserve is accrued if it is probable that the tax position will be challenged, it is probable that the future resolution of the challenge will confirm that a loss has been incurred and the amount of such loss can be reasonably estimated.

Post-Retirement Benefit Plan

The Company accounts for its post-retirement benefit plan under Accounting Standards Codification (“Codification” or “ASC”) Topic 715, Retirement Benefits (“ASC 715”). The under or over funded status of the Company’s post-retirement benefit plan is recognized as a liability or asset in the statement of condition. Changes in the plan’s funded status are reflected in other comprehensive income. Net actuarial gains and losses and adjustments to prior service costs that are not recorded as components of the net periodic benefit cost are charged to other comprehensive income.

Earnings Per Share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed on the basis of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding of 5,123,186 in 2016, 2015 and 2014.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

At December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of net unrealized gains (losses) on available for sale securities and over (under) funded liabilities related to the Company’s post-retirement benefit plan.

 

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Statements of Cash Flows

The Company has defined cash and cash equivalents to include cash and due from banks. The Company paid $1,020,177, $874,890 and $1,447,133 in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, for interest on deposits and borrowings. Income tax payments totaled $78,435 and $320,000 in 2016 and 2014, respectively. Loans transferred to other real estate amounted to $1,903,427, $7,502,496 and $1,345,170 in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Fair Value Measurement

The Company reports certain assets and liabilities at their estimated fair value. These assets and liabilities are classified and disclosed in one of three categories based on the inputs used to develop the measurements. The categories establish a hierarchy for ranking the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair value.

Reclassification

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year statements to conform to current year presentation. The reclassifications had no effect on prior year net income.

 

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NOTE B – SECURITIES:

The amortized cost and fair value of securities at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, are as follows (in thousands):

 

December 31, 2016   

Amortized

Cost

     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
 

 

 

Available for sale securities:

          

Debt securities:

          

U.S. Treasuries

     $ 149,676      $ 39      $ (2,091   $ 147,624    

U.S. Government agencies

     24,973        58        (206     24,825    

Mortgage-backed securities

     43,939        74        (1,305     42,708    

States and political subdivisions

     17,513        450          17,963    
  

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     236,101        621        (3,602     233,120    

Equity securities

     458             458    
  

 

 

 

Total available for sale securities

     $         236,559      $         621      $         (3,602   $ 233,578    
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

          

U.S. Government agencies

     $ 10,009      $      $ (315   $ 9,694    

States and political subdivisions

     36,677        29        (927     35,779    

Corporate bond

     1,464           (2     1,462    
  

 

 

 

Total held to maturity securities

     $ 48,150      $ 29      $ (1,244   $ 46,935    
  

 

 

 

 

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December 31, 2015    Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

 

 

Available for sale securities:

          

Debt securities:

          

U.S. Treasuries

     $ 63,845      $ 20      $ (111   $ 63,754    

U.S. Government agencies

     84,849        176        (479     84,546    

Mortgage-backed securities

     30,106        155        (131     30,130    

States and political subdivisions

     22,833        894          23,727    
  

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     201,633        1,245        (721     202,157    

Equity securities

     650             650    
  

 

 

 

Total available for sale securities

     $         202,283      $         1,245      $ (721   $         202,807    
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

          

States and political subdivisions

     $ 17,507      $ 222      $ (16   $ 17,713    

Corporate bond

     1,518           (11     1,507    
  

 

 

 

Total held to maturity securities

     $ 19,025      $ 222      $ (27   $ 19,220    
  

 

 

 

 

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December 31, 2014   

Amortized

Cost

     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

 

 

Available for sale securities:

          

Debt securities:

          

U.S. Treasuries

     $ 29,787      $ 27      $ (160   $ 29,654    

U.S. Government agencies

     119,805        115        (1,931     117,989    

Mortgage-backed securities

     35,671        282        (136     35,817    

States and political subdivisions

     29,832        1,180          31,012    
  

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     215,095        1,604        (2,227     214,472    

Equity securities

     650             650    
  

 

 

 

Total available for sale securities

     $         215,745      $         1,604      $ (2,227   $         215,122    
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

          

States and political subdivisions

     $ 17,784      $ 132      $ (57   $ 17,859    
  

 

 

 

Total held to maturity securities

     $ 17,784      $ 132      $ (57   $ 17,859    
  

 

 

 

The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities at December 31, 2016, (in thousands) by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

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     Amortized Cost      Fair Value  
  

 

 

 

Available for sale securities:

     

Due in one year or less

     $ 33,318      $ 33,371    

Due after one year through five years

     129,693        128,893    

Due after five years through ten years

     28,818        27,797    

Due after ten years

     333        351    

Mortgage-backed securities

     43,939        42,708    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 236,101      $ 233,120    
  

 

 

 

Held to maturity securities:

     

Due in one year or less

     $ 2,745      $ 2,742    

Due after one year through five years

     7,649        7,638    

Due after five years through ten years

     20,111        19,593    

Due after ten years

     17,645        16,962    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 48,150      $ 46,935    
  

 

 

 

 

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Available for sale and held to maturity securities with gross unrealized losses at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position, are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Less Than Twelve Months      Over Twelve Months      Total  
  

 

 

 
December 31, 2016:    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
  

 

 

 

U.S. Treasuries

   $ 97,634      $ 2,091      $      $      $ 97,634      $ 2,091    

U.S. Government agencies

     24,478        521              24,478        521    

Mortgage-backed securities

     37,663        1,305              37,663        1,305    

States and political subdivisions

     24,627        926        589        1        25,216        927    

Corporate bond

           1,462        2        1,462        2    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 184,402      $ 4,843      $       2,051      $       3      $       186,453      $ 4,846    
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2015:

                 

U.S. Treasuries

     $ 39,889      $ 111      $      $      $ 39,889      $ 111    

U.S. Government agencies

     14,894        87        12,581        392        27,475        479    

Mortgage-backed securities

     16,557        131              16,557        131    

States and political subdivisions

     2,225        8        1,362        8        3,587        16    

Corporate bond

     1,507        11              1,507        11    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $       75,072      $       348      $ 13,943      $ 400      $ 89,015      $       748    
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2014:

                 

U.S. Treasuries

     $ 4,968      $ 15      $ 14,795      $ 145      $ 19,763      $ 160    

U.S. Government agencies

     9,954        22        92,923        1,909        102,877        1,931    

Mortgage-backed securities

           19,436        136        19,436        136    

States and political subdivisions

     5,485        32        1,444        25        6,929        57    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 20,407      $ 69      $ 128,598      $ 2,215      $ 149,005      $ 2,284    
  

 

 

 

 

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At December 31, 2016, 20 of the 31 securities issued by the U.S. Treasury, 5 of the 7 securities issued by U.S. Government agencies, 16 of the 19 mortgage-backed securities, 59 of the 147 securities issued by states and political subdivisions and the corporate bond contained unrealized losses.

Management evaluates securities for other-than-temporary impairment on a monthly basis. In performing this evaluation, the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, the fact that the Company’s securities are primarily issued by U.S. Treasury and U.S. Government agencies and the cause of the decline in value are considered. In addition, the Company does not intend to sell and it is not more likely than not that we will be required to sell these securities before maturity. While some available for sale securities have been sold for liquidity purposes or for gains, the Company has traditionally held its securities, including those classified as available for sale, until maturity. As a result of this evaluation, the Company has determined that the declines summarized in the tables above are not deemed to be other-than-temporary.

As part of its routine evaluation of securities for other-than-temporary impairment, the Company identified a potential credit loss on bonds issued by a municipality with a carrying value of $1,875,000 during 2015. The Company’s evaluation considered the failure of the issuer to make scheduled interest payments and expectations of future performance. Principal and interest payments due under the current terms of the bonds are funded by sales and property tax collections by the related municipality. During the third quarter of 2015, the assessed value of the related real estate parcels was significantly reduced, which will reduce the level of future cash flows supporting the principal and interest payments on the bonds. The present value of the expected future cash flows was calculated by the Company. Based on its evaluation, it was determined that the investment in the bonds was impaired and that a credit loss should be recognized in earnings. During 2015, the Company recorded a loss of $1,695,000 from the credit impairment of these bonds. Accrued interest of $92,564 relating to these securities was also charged off during 2015. During 2016, payments totaling $223,861 were received from the municipality which resulted in the Company recognizing a gain of $53,861.

Proceeds from sales of available for sale debt securities were $29,641,206, $5,007,993 and $44,279,605 during 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Available for sale debt securities were sold and called for realized gains of $157,925, $7,993 and $98,859 during 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Securities with a fair value of $180,659,168, $168,724,920 and $200,474,637 at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, were pledged to secure public deposits, federal funds purchased and other balances required by law.

 

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NOTE C - LOANS:

The composition of the loan portfolio at December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 is as follows (in thousands):

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014  

Gaming

   $ 31,311        $ 31,655        $ 31,353    

Residential and land development

     291          933          10,119    

Real estate, construction

     32,503          35,414          34,010    

Real estate, mortgage

     206,172          219,925          234,713    

Commercial and industrial

     37,035          42,480          37,534    

Other

     8,043          7,150          14,678    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $         315,355      $         337,557      $         362,407    
  

 

 

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company’s bank subsidiary extends loans to certain officers and directors and their personal business interests at, in the opinion of Management, the same terms, including interest rates and collateral, as those prevailing at the time for comparable loans of similar credit risk with persons not related to the Company or its subsidiaries. These loans do not involve more than normal risk of collectibility and do not include other unfavorable features. An analysis of the activity with respect to such loans to related parties is as follows (in thousands):

 

     2016      2015      2014   
  

 

 

 

Balance, January 1

     $ 7,608         $ 7,760         $ 6,761    

New loans and advances

     312           3,958           2,516    

Repayments

                 (1,262)                      (4,110)                      (1,517)   
  

 

 

 

Balance, December 31

     $ 6,658         $ 7,608         $ 7,760    
  

 

 

 

As part of its evaluation of the quality of the loan portfolio, Management monitors the Company’s credit concentrations on a monthly basis. Total outstanding concentrations were as follows (in thousands):

 

December 31,    2016      2015      2014   

Gaming

   $         31,311        $             31,655      $             31,353    

Hotel/motel

     40,319          39,460        47,144    

Out of area

     14,461          14,526        19,179    

 

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The age analysis of the loan portfolio, segregated by class of loans, as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 is as follows (in thousands):

 

                                              

Loans Past

Due Greater

Than 90

Days and

 
                                              
     Number of Days Past Due                          
  

 

 

             
                   Greater      Total             Total     
     30 - 59      60 - 89      Than 90      Past Due      Current      Loans      Still Accruing  
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2016:

                    

Gaming

     $      $      $      $      $ 31,311      $ 31,311      $  

Residential and land development

           291        291           291     

Real estate, construction

     902        216        1,082        2,200        30,303        32,503     

Real estate, mortgage

     4,608        1,923        4,471        11,002        195,170        206,172     

Commercial and industrial

     867           8        875        36,160        37,035     

Other

     44        36        80        160        7,883        8,043     
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 6,421      $ 2,175      $ 5,932      $ 14,528      $ 300,827      $ 315,355      $  
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2015:

                    

Gaming

     $      $      $      $      $ 31,655      $ 31,655      $  

Residential and land development

           323        323        610        933     

Real estate, construction

     851        448        1,346        2,645        32,769        35,414     

Real estate, mortgage

     7,094        3,673        1,352        12,119        207,806        219,925        146    

Commercial and industrial

     1,206        31        237        1,474        41,006        42,480     

Other

     67              67        7,083        7,150     
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 9,218      $ 4,152      $ 3,258      $ 16,628      $ 320,929      $ 337,557      $ 146    
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2014:

                    

Gaming

     $      $      $      $      $ 31,353      $ 31,353      $  

Residential and land development

           5,262        5,262        4,857        10,119     

Real estate, construction

     1,665        85        1,944        3,694        30,316        34,010        30    

Real estate, mortgage

     3,257        3,101        12,007        18,365        216,348        234,713        733    

Commercial and industrial

     1,154        7        205        1,366        36,168        37,534     

Other

     168        10           178        14,500        14,678     
  

 

 

 

Total

     $         6,244      $         3,203      $         19,418      $         28,865      $         333,542      $             362,407      $         763    
  

 

 

 

The Company monitors the credit quality of its loan portfolio through the use of a loan grading system. A score of 1 – 5 is assigned to the loan based on factors including repayment ability, trends in net worth and/or financial condition of the borrower and guarantors, employment stability, management ability, loan to value fluctuations, the type and structure of the loan, conformity of the loan to bank policy and payment performance. Based on the total score, a loan grade of A, B, C, S, D, E or F is applied. A grade of A will generally be applied to loans for customers that are well known to the Company and that have excellent sources of repayment. A grade of B will generally be applied to loans for customers that have excellent sources of

 

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repayment which have no identifiable risk of collection. A grade of C will generally be applied to loans for customers that have adequate sources of repayment which have little identifiable risk of collection. A grade of S will generally be applied to loans for customers who meet the criteria for a grade of C but also warrant additional monitoring by placement on the watch list. A grade of D will generally be applied to loans for customers that are inadequately protected by current sound net worth, paying capacity of the borrower, or pledged collateral. Loans with a grade of D have unsatisfactory characteristics such as cash flow deficiencies, bankruptcy filing by the borrower or dependence on the sale of collateral for the primary source of repayment, causing more than acceptable levels of risk. Loans 60 to 89 days past due receive a grade of D. A grade of E will generally be applied to loans for customers with weaknesses inherent in the D classification and in which collection or liquidation in full is questionable. In addition, on a monthly basis the Company determines which loans are 90 days or more past due and assigns a grade of E to them. A grade of F is applied to loans which are considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance in an active bank is not warranted. Loans with this grade are charged off, even though partial or full recovery may be possible in the future.

 

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An analysis of the loan portfolio by loan grade, segregated by class of loans, as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Loans With A Grade Of:  
  

 

 

    
     A, B or C      S      D      E      F      Total  
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2016:

                 

Gaming

     $ 31,311      $      $      $                       $                       $ 31,311    

Residential and land development

              291           291    

Real estate, construction

     29,954        435        517        1,597           32,503    

Real estate, mortgage

     155,671        17,651        22,901        9,949           206,172    

Commercial and industrial

     13,926        21,680        867        562           37,035    

Other

     7,996           42        5           8,043    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 238,858      $ 39,766      $ 24,327      $ 12,404      $      $ 315,355    
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2015:

                 

Gaming

     $ 31,655      $      $      $      $      $ 31,655    

Residential and land development

     610              323           933    

Real estate, construction

     31,935           883        2,596           35,414    

Real estate, mortgage

     167,286        16,678        23,686        12,275           219,925    

Commercial and industrial

     24,466        15,007        2,368        639           42,480    

Other

     7,114        1        35              7,150    
  

 

 

 

Total

     $ 263,066      $ 31,686      $ 26,972      $ 15,833      $      $ 337,557    
  

 

 

 

December 31, 2014:

                 

Gaming

     $ 31,353      $      $      $      $      $ 31,353    

Residential and land development

     3,520        1,319        17        5,263           10,119    

Real estate, construction

     27,474        723        2,496        3,317           34,010    

Real estate, mortgage

     191,458        4,051        16,591        22,613           234,713    

Commercial and industrial

     32,505        25        1,579        3,425           37,534    

Other

     14,583        6        89