10-K 1 big-2017128x10k.htm 10-K Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
 
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

þ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended January 28, 2017
or

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number 1-8897
BIG LOTS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio
 
06-1119097
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
300 Phillipi Road, P.O. Box 28512, Columbus, Ohio
 
43228-5311
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
(614) 278-6800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
 
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Shares $0.01 par value
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yesþ     Noo

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yeso   Noþ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yesþ     Noo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yesþ     Noo

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.         þ




Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,”  “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o     Noþ

The aggregate market value of the Common Shares held by non-affiliates of the Registrant (assuming for these purposes that all executive officers and directors are “affiliates” of the Registrant) was $2,331,138,387 on July 30, 2016, the last business day of the Registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter (based on the closing price of the Registrant's Common Shares on such date as reported on the New York Stock Exchange).

The number of the registrant’s common shares, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of March 24, 2017, was 44,786,322.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant's Proxy Statement for its 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 



BIG LOTS, INC. 
FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED JANUARY 28, 2017

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Part I
Page
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Part II
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
 
 
 
Part III
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
 
Part IV
 
Item 15.
Item 16.
 

1


Part I

Item 1. Business

The Company

Big Lots, Inc., an Ohio corporation, through its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively referred to herein as “we,” “us,” and “our” except as used in the reports of our independent registered public accounting firm included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”)), is a unique, non-traditional, discount retailer operating in the United States (“U.S.”) (see the discussion below under the caption “Merchandise”). At January 28, 2017, we operated a total of 1,432 stores. Our goal is to exceed our core customer’s expectations by providing her with great savings on value-priced merchandise, which includes tasteful and “trend-right” import merchandise, consistent and replenishable “never out” offerings, and brand-name closeouts. You can locate us on the Internet at www.biglots.com. The contents of our websites are not part of this report.

Similar to many other retailers, our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31, which results in some fiscal years being comprised of 52 weeks and some fiscal years being comprised of 53 weeks. Unless otherwise stated, references to years in this Form 10-K relate to fiscal years rather than to calendar years. The following table provides a summary of our fiscal year calendar and the associated number of weeks in each fiscal year:
Fiscal Year
 
Number of Weeks
 
Year Begin Date
 
Year End Date
2017
 
53
 
January 29, 2017
 
February 3, 2018
2016
 
52
 
January 31, 2016
 
January 28, 2017
2015
 
52
 
February 1, 2015
 
January 30, 2016
2014
 
52
 
February 2, 2014
 
January 31, 2015
2013
 
52
 
February 3, 2013
 
February 1, 2014
2012
 
53
 
January 29, 2012
 
February 2, 2013

We manage our business on the basis of one segment: discount retailing. We evaluate and report overall sales and merchandise performance based on the following key merchandising categories: Furniture, Seasonal, Soft Home, Food, Consumables, Hard Home, and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories. The Furniture category includes our upholstery, mattress, ready-to-assemble, and case goods departments. The Seasonal category includes our lawn & garden, summer, Christmas, and other holiday departments. The Soft Home category includes our home décor, frames, fashion bedding, utility bedding, bath, window, decorative textile, home organization, and area rugs departments. The Food category includes our beverage & grocery, candy & snacks, and specialty foods departments. The Consumables category includes our health and beauty, plastics, paper, chemical, and pet departments. The Hard Home category includes our small appliances, table top, food preparation, stationery, greeting cards, and home maintenance departments. The Electronics, Toys, & Accessories category includes our electronics, jewelry, hosiery, toys, and infant accessories departments. Please refer to the consolidated financial statements and related notes in this Form 10-K for our financial information. Specifically, see note 15 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for our net sales results by merchandise category for 2016, 2015, and 2014.

In May 2001, Big Lots, Inc. was incorporated in Ohio and was the surviving entity in a merger with Consolidated Stores Corporation, a Delaware corporation. By virtue of the merger, Big Lots, Inc. succeeded to all the businesses, properties, assets, and liabilities of Consolidated Stores Corporation. In July 2011, we acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Liquidation World Inc. (subsequently named Big Lots Canada, Inc.). In 2014, we completed the wind down and dissolution of Big Lots Canada, Inc.

Our principal executive offices are located at 300 Phillipi Road, Columbus, Ohio 43228, and our telephone number is (614) 278‑6800.


2


Merchandise

Our business historically focused on selling value-based merchandise sourced through closeout channels, which can result in inconsistent offerings to our customers. In 2014, we implemented a merchandising strategy to improve the consistency of the value-based merchandise available in our stores by reducing our reliance on sourcing closeout offerings in certain merchandise categories. This strategy introduced a new merchandise purchasing discipline that uses a ratings process to measure quality, brand, fashion, and value. This discipline requires us to focus our decision-making activities on our customers’ expectations and enables us to compare the potential performance of traditionally-sourced merchandise, either domestic or import, to closeout merchandise, which is generally sourced from production overruns, packaging changes, discontinued products, order cancellations, liquidations, returns, and other disruptions in the supply chain of manufacturers. We believe that enhancing our focus on our customers’ expectations improves both our ability to provide a desirable assortment of offerings in our merchandise categories and our inventory turnover. For net sales and comparable store sales by merchandise category, see the discussion below under the captions “2016 Compared To 2015” and “2015 Compared To 2014” in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (“MD&A”) of this Form 10-K.

Real Estate

The following table compares the number of our stores in operation at the beginning and end of each of the last five fiscal years:
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Stores open at the beginning of the year
1,449

 
1,460

 
1,493

 
1,495

 
1,451

Stores opened during the year
9

 
9

 
24

 
55

 
87

Stores closed during the year
(26
)
 
(20
)
 
(57
)
 
(57
)
 
(43
)
  Stores open at the end of the year
1,432

 
1,449

 
1,460

 
1,493

 
1,495


For additional information about our real estate strategy, see the discussion under the caption “Operating Strategy - Real Estate” in the accompanying MD&A in this Form 10-K.

In addition, in 2011, we acquired 89 stores in Canada as a result of our acquisition of Liquidation World Inc. (subsequently renamed Big Lots Canada, Inc.) which are not included in the above table. During the first quarter of 2014, we wound down and discontinued the operations of Big Lots Canada, Inc. and closed all of our stores in Canada (which are not included in the above table).


3


The following table details our U.S. stores by state at January 28, 2017:
Alabama
29

 
Maine
6

 
Ohio
96

Arizona
38

 
Maryland
26

 
Oklahoma
18

Arkansas
11

 
Massachusetts
21

 
Oregon
15

California
155

 
Michigan
45

 
Pennsylvania
69

Colorado
18

 
Minnesota
7

 
Rhode Island
1

Connecticut
13

 
Mississippi
14

 
South Carolina
33

Delaware
5

 
Missouri
25

 
Tennessee
47

Florida
103

 
Montana
3

 
Texas
114

Georgia
53

 
Nebraska
3

 
Utah
9

Idaho
6

 
Nevada
13

 
Vermont
4

Illinois
34

 
New Hampshire
7

 
Virginia
39

Indiana
44

 
New Jersey
27

 
Washington
26

Iowa
3

 
New Mexico
12

 
West Virginia
17

Kansas
8

 
New York
63

 
Wisconsin
11

Kentucky
40

 
North Carolina
74

 
Wyoming
2

Louisiana
23

 
North Dakota
1

 
District of Columbia
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total stores
1,432

 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of states
47


Of our 1,432 stores, 33% operate in four states: California, Texas, Ohio, and Florida, and net sales from stores in these states represented 35% of our 2016 net sales. We have a concentration in these states based on their size, population, and customer base.

Associates

At January 28, 2017, we had approximately 35,100 active associates comprised of 11,200 full-time and 23,900 part‑time associates. Approximately 68% of the associates employed throughout the year are employed on a part-time basis. Temporary associates hired for the holiday selling season increased the number of associates to a peak of approximately 38,500 in 2016. We consider our relationship with our associates to be good, and we are not a party to any labor agreements.

Competition

We operate in the highly competitive retail industry. We face strong sales competition from other general merchandise, discount, food, furniture, arts and crafts, and dollar store retailers, which operate in traditional brick and mortar stores and/or online. Additionally, we compete with a number of companies for retail site locations, to attract and retain quality employees, and to acquire our broad merchandising assortment from vendors. In 2016, we launched our e-commerce platform, which faces additional challenges from a wider range of retailers in a highly competitive market.

Purchasing

The goal of our merchandising strategy is to provide great savings to our customers by consistently offering value-based merchandise in our stores. We believe that we have made significant progress over the past three years towards achieving this goal by reducing our reliance on sourcing closeout offerings and expanding our planned purchases in certain merchandise categories. In particular, we have expanded our planned purchases in our Food, Soft Home, and Furniture merchandise categories to provide a merchandise assortment that our customers expect us to consistently offer in our stores at a significant value savings. In connection with the implementation of our merchandising strategy, we have expanded the role of our global sourcing department, and assessed our overseas vendor relationships. We expect our import partners to responsibly source goods that our merchandising teams identify as having our desired mix of quality, fashion, and value. During 2016, we purchased approximately 23% of our merchandise directly from overseas vendors, including approximately 20% from vendors located in China. Additionally, a significant amount of our domestically-purchased merchandise is manufactured abroad. As a result, a significant portion of our merchandise supply is subject to certain risks described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

4


Although reduced in certain merchandise categories, the sourcing and purchasing of quality closeout merchandise directly from manufacturers and other vendors, typically at prices below those paid by traditional discount retailers, continues to represent an important competitive advantage for our Food and Consumables categories. We believe that our strong vendor relationships and our strong credit profile support this sourcing model. We expect that the unpredictability of the retail and manufacturing environments coupled with what we believe is our significant purchasing power position will continue to support our ability to source quality closeout merchandise at competitive prices in these categories.

Warehouse and Distribution

The majority of our merchandise offerings are processed for retail sale and distributed to our stores from our five regional distribution centers located in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama, Oklahoma, and California. We selected the locations of our distribution centers to minimize transportation costs and the distance from distribution centers to our stores. While certain of our merchandise vendors deliver directly to our stores, the large majority of our inventory is staged and delivered from our distribution centers to facilitate prompt and efficient distribution and transportation of merchandise to our stores and help maximize our sales and inventory turnover rate. During 2015, we announced our intention to open a new distribution center in California and relocate our existing California distribution operations to this facility. This transition is anticipated to occur sometime in 2019.

In addition to our regional distribution centers that handle store merchandise, we operate two warehouses within our Ohio distribution center. One warehouse distributes fixtures and supplies to our stores and our five regional distribution centers and the other warehouse serves as a fulfillment center for our e-commerce operations.

For additional information regarding our warehouses and distribution facilities and related initiatives, see the discussion under the caption “Warehouse and Distribution” in “Item 2. Properties” of this Form 10-K.

Advertising and Promotion

Our brand image is an important part of our marketing program. Our principal trademarks, including the Big Lots® family of trademarks, have been registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. We use a variety of marketing vehicles to promote our brand operations, including television, internet, social media, in-store point-of-purchase, and print media.

In all markets served by our stores, we design and distribute printed advertising circulars, through a combination of newspaper insertions and mailings. In 2016, we distributed multi-page circulars representing 29 weeks of advertising coverage, which resulted in a two week decrease from 2015. We create regional versions of these circulars to tailor our advertising message to market differences caused by product availability, climate, and customer preferences. Our customer database, which we refer to as the Buzz Club®, is an important marketing tool that allows us to communicate in a cost effective manner with our customers, including e-mail delivery of our circulars. In addition to the Buzz Club®, we operate the Buzz Club Rewards® program, which allows us to send specialized promotions to targeted customer groups with the intention of reinforcing and expanding their desire to shop at our stores.

Another element of our marketing approach focuses on brand management by communicating our message directly to our core customer through social and digital media outlets, including Facebook®, Instagram®, Twitter®, Pinterest®, and YouTube®. Our marketing program also employs a traditional television campaign, which combines strategic branding and promotional elements used in most of our other marketing media. Our highly-targeted media placement strategy uses national cable as the foundation of our television advertising. In addition, we use in-store promotional materials, including in-store signage, to emphasize special bargains and significant values offered to our customers. Total advertising expense as a percentage of total net sales was 1.8%, 1.8%, and 1.9% in 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively.


5


Seasonality

We have historically experienced, and expect to continue to experience, seasonal fluctuations in our sales and profitability, with a larger percentage of our net sales and operating profit realized in our fourth fiscal quarter, which includes the Christmas holiday selling season. In addition, our quarterly net sales and operating profits can be affected by the timing of new store openings and store closings, advertising, and certain holidays. We historically receive a higher proportion of merchandise, carry higher inventory levels, and incur higher outbound shipping and payroll expenses as a percentage of sales in our third fiscal quarter in anticipation of increased sales activity during our fourth fiscal quarter. Performance during our fourth fiscal quarter typically reflects a leveraging effect which has a favorable impact on our operating results because net sales are higher and certain of our costs, such as rent and depreciation, are fixed and do not vary as sales levels escalate. If our sales performance is significantly better or worse during the Christmas holiday selling season, we would expect a more pronounced impact on our annual financial results than if our sales performance is significantly better or worse in a different season.

The following table sets forth the seasonality of net sales and operating profit for 2016, 2015, and 2014 by fiscal quarter:

 
    First
    Second
    Third
    Fourth
Fiscal Year 2016
 
 
 
 
Net sales as a percentage of full year
25.2
%
23.1
%
21.3
 %
30.4
%
Operating profit as a percentage of full year
25.2

15.7

0.8

58.3

Fiscal Year 2015
 
 
 
 
Net sales as a percentage of full year
24.7
%
23.3
%
21.5
 %
30.5
%
Operating profit as a percentage of full year
22.3

12.9

(0.9
)
65.7

Fiscal Year 2014
 
 
 
 
Net sales as a percentage of full year
24.7
%
23.1
%
21.4
 %
30.8
%
Operating profit as a percentage of full year
21.0

12.4

(1.7
)
68.3


The seasonality of our net sales and related merchandise inventory requirements influences the availability of and demand for cash or access to credit. We historically have drawn upon our credit facility to assist in funding our working capital requirements, which typically peak near the end of our third fiscal quarter, and temporarily funding our share repurchase plans. We historically have higher net sales, operating profits, and cash flow provided by operations in the fourth fiscal quarter which allows us to substantially repay our seasonal borrowings and fund our share repurchase programs. In 2016, our total indebtedness (outstanding borrowings and letters of credit) peaked in November 2016 at approximately $398 million under our $700 million unsecured credit facility entered into in July 2011, and most recently amended in May 2015 (“2011 Credit Agreement”). The 2011 Credit Agreement expires in May 2020. At January 28, 2017, our total indebtedness under the 2011 Credit Agreement was $109.4 million, which included $106.4 million in borrowings and $3.0 million in outstanding letters of credit. We expect that borrowings will vary throughout 2017 depending on various factors, including our seasonal need to acquire merchandise inventory prior to the peak selling season, the timing and amount of sales to our customers, and the timing of share repurchase or dividend payment activity. For a discussion of our sources and uses of funds, see “Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities” and “Capital Resources and Liquidity” in the accompanying MD&A, in this Form 10-K.

Available Information

We make available, free of charge, through the “Investor Relations” section of our website (www.biglots.com) under the “SEC Filings” caption, our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Our filings with the SEC may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling 1-800-SEC-0330. These filings are also available on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after we have filed or furnished the above referenced reports.


6


In the “Investor Relations” section of our website (www.biglots.com) under the “Corporate Governance” and “SEC Filings” captions, the following information relating to our corporate governance may be found: Corporate Governance Guidelines; charters of our Board of Directors’ Audit, Compensation, Nominating/Corporate Governance Committees, and our Public Policy and Environmental Affairs Committee; Code of Business Conduct and Ethics; Code of Ethics for Financial Officers; Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer certifications related to our SEC filings; the means by which shareholders may communicate with our Board of Directors; and transactions in our securities by our directors and executive officers. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics applies to all of our associates, including our directors and our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer. The Code of Ethics for Financial Professionals applies to our Chief Executive Officer and all other Senior Financial Officers (as that term is defined therein) and contains provisions specifically applicable to the individuals serving in those positions. We intend to satisfy the requirement under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding disclosure of amendments to and waivers from, if any, our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (to the extent applicable to our directors and executive officers (including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer)) and our Code of Ethics for Financial Professionals in the “Investor Relations” section of our website (www.biglots.com) under the “Corporate Governance” caption. We will provide any of the foregoing information without charge upon written request to our Corporate Secretary. The contents of our website are not incorporated into, or otherwise made a part of, this Form 10-K.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The statements in this section describe the material risks to our business and should be considered carefully. In addition, these statements constitute cautionary statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Our disclosure and analysis in this Form 10-K and in our 2016 Annual Report to Shareholders contain forward-looking statements that set forth anticipated results based on management’s plans and assumptions. From time to time, we also provide forward-looking statements in other materials we release to the public as well as oral forward-looking statements. Such statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. They do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Such statements are commonly identified by using words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “objective,” “goal,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “will,” “should,” “may,” “target,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “outlook,” and similar expressions in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, forward-looking statements include statements relating to future actions, future performance, or results of current and anticipated products, sales efforts, expenses, interest rates, the outcome of contingencies, such as legal proceedings, and financial results.

We cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized. Achievement of future results is subject to risks, uncertainties, and potentially inaccurate assumptions. If known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could differ materially from past results and those anticipated, estimated, or projected results set forth in the forward-looking statements. You should bear this in mind as you consider forward-looking statements.

You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date thereof. We undertake no obligation to publicly update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC.

The following cautionary discussion of material risks, uncertainties, and assumptions relevant to our businesses describes factors that, individually or in the aggregate, we believe could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results. Additional risks not presently known to us or that we presently believe to be immaterial also may adversely impact us. Should any risks or uncertainties develop into actual events, these developments could have material adverse effects on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity. Consequently, all of the forward-looking statements are qualified by these cautionary statements, and there can be no assurance that the results or developments we anticipate will be realized or that they will have the expected effects on our business or operations. We note these factors for investors as permitted by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. There can be no assurances that we have correctly and completely identified, assessed, and accounted for all factors that do or may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity, as it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider the following to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties.


7


Our ability to achieve the results contemplated by forward-looking statements is subject to a number of factors, any one, or a combination, of which could materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity. These factors may include, but are not limited to:

If we are unable to successfully execute our operating strategies, our operating performance could be significantly impacted.

There is a risk that we will be unable to meet or exceed our operating performance targets and goals in the future if our strategies and initiatives are unsuccessful. During 2013 and early 2014, our senior leadership team developed the core principles of our current strategic plan. During 2014 through 2016, we have been executing our strategic plan. During 2016, we began to reevaluate and adapt our strategic plan to adjust to a changing marketplace. Our ability to execute the business activities associated with our operating and strategic plans and effectively adapt our plans to the changing marketplace, could impact our ability to meet our operating performance targets. See the accompanying MD&A in this Form 10-K for additional information concerning our operating strategy.

If we are unable to compete effectively in the highly competitive discount retail industry, our business and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

The discount retail industry, which includes both traditional brick and mortar stores and online marketplaces, is highly competitive. As discussed in Item 1 of this Form 10-K, we compete for customers, products, employees, real estate, and other aspects of our business with a number of other companies. Some of our competitors have greater financial, broader distribution (e.g., more stores and/or a more established online presence), marketing, and other resources than us. It is possible that increased competition, significant discounting, or improved performance by our competitors may reduce our market share, gross margin, and operating margin, and may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.

If we are unable to compete effectively in today’s omnichannel retail marketplace, our business and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

With the saturation of mobile computing devices, competition from other retailers in the online retail marketplace is very high, and growing. Certain of our competitors, and a number of pure online retailers, have established online operations against which we compete for customers and products. It is possible that the competition in the online retail space may reduce our market share, gross margin, and operating margin, and may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations in other ways. In 2016, we expanded our operations to include an e-commerce platform to enhance our omnichannel experience. Operating an e-commerce platform is a complex undertaking and there is no guarantee that the resources we have applied to this effort will result in increased revenues or improved operating performance. If our online retailing initiatives do not meet our customers’ expectations, the initiatives may reduce our customers’ desire to purchase goods from us both online and at our brick and mortar stores and may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Our inability to properly manage our inventory levels and offer merchandise that our customers want may materially impact our business and financial performance.
 
We must maintain sufficient inventory levels to successfully operate our business. However, we also must seek to avoid accumulating excess inventory to maintain appropriate in-stock levels. We obtain approximately one quarter of our merchandise directly from vendors outside of the U.S. These foreign vendors often require lengthy advance notice of our requirements to be able to supply products in the quantities that we request. This usually requires us to order merchandise and enter into purchase order contracts for the purchase of such merchandise well in advance of the time these products are offered for sale. As a result, we may experience difficulty in responding to a changing retail environment, which makes us vulnerable to changes in price and in consumer preferences. In addition, we attempt to maximize our operating profit and operating efficiency by delivering proper quantities of merchandise to our stores in a timely manner. If we do not accurately anticipate future demand for a particular product or the time it will take to replenish inventory levels, our inventory levels may not be appropriate and our results of operations may be negatively impacted.


8


We rely on manufacturers located in foreign countries for significant amounts of merchandise and a significant amount of our domestically-purchased merchandise is manufactured abroad. Our business may be materially adversely affected by risks associated with international trade.

Global sourcing of many of the products we sell is an important factor in driving higher operating profit. During 2016, we purchased approximately 23% of our products directly from overseas vendors, including 20% from vendors located in China, and a significant amount of our domestically-purchased merchandise is manufactured abroad. Our ability to identify qualified vendors and to access products in a timely and efficient manner is a significant challenge, especially with respect to goods sourced outside of the U.S. Global sourcing and foreign trade involve numerous factors and uncertainties beyond our control including increased shipping costs, increased import duties, more restrictive quotas, loss of most favored nation trading status, currency and exchange rate fluctuations, work stoppages, transportation delays, economic uncertainties such as inflation, foreign government regulations, political unrest, natural disasters, war, terrorism, trade restrictions (including retaliation by the U.S. against foreign practices), political instability, the financial stability of vendors, merchandise quality issues, and tariffs. These and other issues affecting our international vendors could materially adversely affect our business and financial performance.

The U.S. federal government is analyzing comprehensive tax reform options that could negatively impact companies that directly or indirectly import goods. Major developments in tax policy or trade relations, such as the disallowance of tax deductions for imported merchandise or the imposition of unilateral tariffs on imported products, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity.

Disruption to our distribution network, the capacity of our distribution centers, and our timely receipt of merchandise inventory could adversely affect our operating performance.

We rely on our ability to replenish depleted merchandise inventory through deliveries to our distribution centers and from the distribution centers to our stores by various means of transportation, including shipments by sea, rail and truck carriers. A decrease in the capacity of carriers (e.g., trans-Pacific freight carrier bankruptcies) and/or labor strikes, disruptions or shortages in the transportation industry could negatively affect our distribution network, our timely receipt of merchandise and transportation costs. In addition, long-term disruptions to the U.S. and international transportation infrastructure from wars, political unrest, terrorism, natural disasters, governmental budget constraints and other significant events that lead to delays or interruptions of service could adversely affect our business. Also, a fire, earthquake, or other disaster at one of our distribution centers could disrupt our timely receipt, processing and shipment of merchandise to our stores which could adversely affect our business. Additionally, as we seek to expand our operation through the implementation of our online retail capabilities, we may face increased or unexpected demands on distribution center operations, as well as new demands on our distribution network.

Changes by vendors related to the management of their inventories may reduce the quantity and quality of brand-name closeout merchandise available to us or may increase our cost to acquire brand-name closeout merchandise, either of which may materially adversely affect our revenues and gross margin.

We have very little control over the supply, design, function, availability, or cost of much of the closeout merchandise that we source for sale in our stores. Our ability to meet or exceed our operating performance targets depends upon the sufficient availability of closeout merchandise, in certain merchandise categories, that we can acquire and offer at prices that represent a value to our customers. To the extent that certain of our vendors are better able to manage their inventory levels and reduce the amount of their excess inventory, the amount of closeout merchandise available to us could be materially reduced. Shortages or disruptions in the availability of closeout merchandise of a quality acceptable to our customers and us would likely have a material adverse effect on our sales and gross margin in the effected merchandise categories and may result in customer dissatisfaction.

If we are unable to secure customer, employee, vendor and company data, our systems could be compromised, our reputation could be damaged, and we could be subject to penalties or lawsuits.

In the normal course of business, we process and collect relevant data about our customers, employees and vendors. During 2016, our normal activities expanded to include conducting sales transactions through an online channel. The protection of our customer, employee, vendor and company data is critical to us.  We have implemented procedures, processes and technologies designed to safeguard our customers’ debit and credit card information and other private data, our employees’ and vendors’ private data, and our records and intellectual property.  We also utilize third-party service providers in connection with certain technology related activities, including credit card processing, website hosting, data encryption and software support.  We require these providers to take appropriate measures to secure such data and information and assess their ability to do so.


9


Despite our procedures, technologies and other information security measures, we cannot be certain that our information technology systems or the information technology systems of our third-party service providers are or will be able to prevent, contain or detect all cyberattacks, cyberterrorism, or security breaches. As evidenced by other retailers who have suffered serious security breaches, we may be vulnerable to data security breaches and data loss, including cyberattacks. A material breach of our security measures or our third-party service providers’ security measures, the misuse of our customer, employee, vendor and company data or information or our failure to comply with applicable privacy and information security laws and regulations could result in the exposure of sensitive data or information, attract a substantial amount of negative media attention, damage our customer or employee relationships and our reputation and brand, distract the attention of management from their other responsibilities, subject us to government enforcement actions, private litigation, penalties and costly response measures, and result in lost sales and a reduction in the market value of our common shares.  While we have insurance, in the event we experience a material data or information security breach, our insurance may not be sufficient to cover the impact to our business, or insurance proceeds may not be paid timely. 

In addition, the regulatory environment surrounding data and information security and privacy is increasingly demanding, as new and revised requirements are frequently imposed across our business.  Compliance with more demanding privacy and information security laws and standards may result in significant expense due to increased investment in technology and the development of new operational processes.

If we are unable to maintain or upgrade our computer systems or if we are unable to convert to alternate systems in an efficient and timely manner, our operations may be disrupted or become less efficient.

We depend on a variety of information technology and computer systems for the efficient functioning of our business. We rely on certain hardware, telecommunications and software vendors to maintain and periodically upgrade many of these systems so that we can continue to support our business. Various components of our information technology and computer systems, including hardware, networks, and software, are licensed to us by third party vendors. We rely extensively on our information technology and computer systems to process transactions, summarize results, and manage our business. Our information technology and computer systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, cyberattacks or other security breaches, catastrophic events such as fires, floods, earthquakes, tornados, hurricanes, acts of war or terrorism, and usage errors by our employees or our contractors. In recent years, we have begun using hosted solutions for certain of our information technology and computers systems, which are more exposed to telecommunication failures. If our information technology or computer systems are damaged or cease to function properly, we may have to make a significant investment to fix or replace them, and we may suffer loss of critical data and interruptions or delays in our operations as a result. Any material interruption experienced by our information technology or computer systems could negatively affect our business and results of operations. Costs and potential interruptions associated with the implementation of new or upgraded systems and technology or with maintenance or adequate support of our existing systems could disrupt or reduce the efficiency of our business.

Declines in general economic condition, disposable income levels, and other conditions could lead to reduced consumer demand for our merchandise thereby materially affecting our revenues and gross margin.

Our results of operations can be directly impacted by the health of the U.S. economy. Our business and financial performance may be adversely impacted by current and future economic conditions, including factors that may restrict or otherwise negatively impact consumer financing, disposable income levels, unemployment levels, energy costs, interest rates, recession, inflation, tax reform, natural disasters or terrorist activities and other matters that influence consumer spending. Specifically, our Soft Home, Hard Home, Furniture and Seasonal merchandise categories may be threatened when disposable income levels are negatively impacted by economic conditions. Additionally, the net sales of cyclical product offerings in our Seasonal category may be threatened when we experience extended periods of unseasonable weather. In particular, the economic conditions and weather patterns of four states (Ohio, Texas, California, and Florida) are important as approximately 33% of our current stores operate and 35% of our 2016 net sales occurred in these states.


10


Changes in federal or state legislation and regulations, including the effects of legislation and regulations on product safety and hazardous materials, could increase our cost of doing business and adversely affect our operating performance.

We are exposed to the risk that new federal or state legislation, including new product safety and hazardous material laws and regulations, may negatively impact our operations and adversely affect our operating performance. Changes in product safety legislation or regulations may lead to product recalls and the disposal or write-off of merchandise, as well as fines or penalties and reputational damage. If our merchandise and food products do not meet applicable governmental safety standards or our customers’ expectations regarding quality or safety, we could experience lost sales, increased costs and be exposed to legal and reputational risk.

In addition, if we discard or dispose of our merchandise, particularly that which is non-salable, in a fashion that is inconsistent with jurisdictional standards, we could expose ourselves to certain fines and litigation costs related to hazardous material regulations. Our inability to comply on a timely basis with regulatory requirements, execute product recalls in a timely manner, or consistently implement waste management standards, could result in fines or penalties which could have a material adverse effect on our financial results. In addition, negative customer perceptions regarding the safety of the products we sell could cause us to lose market share to our competitors. If this occurs, it may be difficult for us to regain lost sales.

We are subject to periodic litigation and regulatory proceedings, including Fair Labor Standards Act, state wage and hour, and shareholder class action lawsuits, which may adversely affect our business and financial performance.

From time to time, we are involved in lawsuits and regulatory actions, including various collective or class action lawsuits that are brought against us for alleged violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act, state wage and hour laws, sales tax and consumer protection laws, False Claims Act, and federal securities laws. We also are involved in shareholder derivative lawsuits and investigations concerning our compliance with environmental and hazardous waste regulations. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we may not be able to accurately determine the impact on us of any future adverse outcome of such proceedings. The ultimate resolution of these matters could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity. In addition, regardless of the outcome, these proceedings could result in substantial cost to us and may require us to devote substantial attention and resources to defend ourselves. For a description of certain current legal proceedings, see note 10 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Our current insurance program may expose us to unexpected costs and negatively affect our financial performance.

Our insurance coverage is subject to deductibles, self-insured retentions, limits of liability and similar provisions that we believe are prudent based on our overall operations. We may incur certain types of losses that we cannot insure or which we believe are not economically reasonable to insure, such as losses due to acts of war, employee and certain other crime, and some natural disasters. If we incur these losses and they are material, our business could suffer. Certain material events may result in sizable losses for the insurance industry and adversely impact the availability of adequate insurance coverage or result in excessive premium increases. To offset negative cost trends in the insurance market, we may elect to self-insure, accept higher deductibles or reduce the amount of coverage in response to these market changes. In addition, we self-insure a significant portion of expected losses under our workers’ compensation, general liability, including automobile, and group health insurance programs. Unanticipated changes in any applicable actuarial assumptions and management estimates underlying our recorded liabilities for these self-insured losses, including potential increases in medical and indemnity costs, could result in significantly different expenses than expected under these programs, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Although we continue to maintain property insurance for catastrophic events, we are self-insured for losses up to the amount of our deductibles. If we experience a greater number of self-insured losses than we anticipate, our financial performance could be adversely affected.

If we are unable to attract, train, and retain highly qualified associates while also controlling our labor costs, our financial performance may be negatively affected.

Our customers expect a positive shopping experience, which is driven by a high level of customer service from our associates and a quality presentation of our merchandise. To grow our operations and meet the needs and expectations of our customers, we must attract, train, and retain a large number of highly qualified associates, while at the same time control labor costs. We compete with other retail businesses for many of our associates in hourly and part-time positions. These positions have historically had high turnover rates, which can lead to increased training and retention costs. In addition, our ability to control labor costs is subject to numerous external factors, including prevailing wage rates, the impact of legislation or regulations governing labor relations or benefits, and health insurance costs.


11


The loss of key personnel may have a material impact on our future results of operations.

We believe that we benefit substantially from the leadership and experience of our senior executives. The loss of services of these individuals could have a material adverse impact on our business. Competition for key personnel in the retail industry is intense, and our future success will depend on our ability to recruit, train, and retain our senior executives and other qualified personnel.

If we are unable to retain existing and secure suitable new store locations under favorable lease terms, our financial performance may be negatively affected.

We lease almost all of our stores, and a significant number of these leases expire or are up for renewal each year, as noted below in “Item 2. Properties” and in MD&A in this Form 10-K. Our strategy to improve our financial performance includes sales growth while managing the occupancy cost of each of our stores. The primary component of our sales growth strategy revolves around increasing our comparable store sales, which will require renewing many leases each year. Additional components of our sales growth strategy are to relocate certain stores to a new location within an existing market and to open new store locations, either as an expansion in an existing market or as an entrance into a new market. If the commercial real estate market does not allow us to negotiate favorable lease renewals and new store leases, our financial position, results of operations, and liquidity may be negatively affected.

Our inability to comply with the terms of the 2011 Credit Agreement may have a material adverse effect on our capital resources, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity.

We have the ability to borrow funds under the 2011 Credit Agreement, and we utilize this ability at various times depending on operating or other cash flow requirements. The 2011 Credit Agreement contains financial and other covenants, including, but not limited to, limitations on indebtedness, liens, and investments, as well as the maintenance of a leverage ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio. A violation of any of these covenants may permit the lenders to restrict our ability to further access loans and letters of credit and may require the immediate repayment of any outstanding loans. Our failure to comply with these covenants may have a material adverse effect on our capital resources, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity.

A significant decline in our operating profit and taxable income may impair our ability to realize the value of our long-lived assets and deferred tax assets.

We are required by accounting rules to periodically assess our property and equipment and deferred tax assets for impairment and recognize an impairment loss or valuation charge, if necessary. In performing these assessments, we use our historical financial performance to determine whether we have potential impairments or valuation concerns and as evidence to support our assumptions about future financial performance. A significant decline in our financial performance could negatively affect the results of our assessments of the recoverability of our property and equipment and our deferred tax assets and trigger the impairment of these assets. Impairment or valuation charges taken against property and equipment and deferred tax assets could be material and could have a material adverse impact on our capital resources, financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity (see the discussion under the caption “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in the accompanying MD&A in this Form 10-K for additional information regarding our accounting policies for long-lived assets and income taxes).

Changes in accounting guidance could significantly affect our results of operations and the presentation of those results.

Changes in accounting standards, including new interpretations and applications of accounting standards, may have adverse effects on our financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) has issued and/or adopted new guidance that proposes numerous significant changes to current accounting standards. This new guidance could significantly change the presentation of financial information and our results of operations. Additionally, the new guidance may require us to make systems and other changes that could increase our operating costs. Specifically, implementing future accounting guidance related to leases could require us to make significant changes to our lease management system or other accounting systems.


12


The price of our common shares as traded on the New York Stock Exchange may be volatile.

Our stock price may fluctuate substantially as a result of factors beyond our control, including but not limited to, general economic and stock market conditions, risks relating to our business and industry as discussed above, strategic actions by our competitors, variations in our quarterly operating performance, and investor perceptions of the investment opportunity associated with our common shares relative to other investment alternatives. Additionally, our stock price may reflect the expectation that we will declare cash dividends at the current level or greater levels in the future. Future dividends are subject to the discretion of our Board of Directors, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, compliance with applicable laws and agreements and any other factors deemed relevant by our Board. If we fail to meet any of the expectations related to future growth, profitability, or dividends, our stock price may decline significantly, which could have a material adverse impact on investor confidence and employee retention.

We also may be subject to a number of other factors which may, individually or in the aggregate, materially adversely affect our business. These factors include, but are not limited to:

Fluctuating commodity prices, including but not limited to diesel fuel and other fuels used by utilities to generate power, may affect our gross profit and operating profit margins;
Changes in governmental laws and regulations, including matters related to taxation. In particular, income tax reform in which the marginal tax rates are significantly reduced or future deductibility is disallowed could adversely impact the value of our net deferred tax assets. Additionally, the deductibility of interest expense could be impacted;
A downgrade in our credit rating could negatively affect our ability to access capital or could increase our borrowing costs;
Events or circumstances could occur which could create bad publicity for us or for types of merchandise offered in our stores which may negatively impact our business results including our sales;
Infringement of our intellectual property, including the Big Lots trademarks, could dilute their value; and
Other risks described from time to time in our filings with the SEC.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Retail Operations

All of our stores are located in the U.S., predominantly in strip shopping centers, and have an average store size of approximately 31,100 square feet, of which an average of 22,000 is selling square feet. For additional information about the properties in our retail operations, see the discussion under the caption “Real Estate” in “Item 1. Business” and under the caption “Real Estate” in MD&A in this Form 10-K.

The average cost to open a new store in a leased facility during 2016 was approximately $1.4 million, including the cost of inventory. All of our stores are leased, except for the 54 stores we own in the following states:
State
 Stores Owned
Arizona
2

California
38

Colorado
3

Florida
3

Louisiana
1

Michigan
1

New Mexico
2

Ohio
1

Texas
3

   Total
54



13


Store leases generally obligate us for fixed monthly rental payments plus the payment, in most cases, of our applicable portion of real estate taxes, common area maintenance costs (“CAM”), and property insurance. Some leases require the payment of a percentage of sales in addition to minimum rent. Such payments generally are required only when sales exceed a specified level. Our typical store lease is for an initial minimum term of five to ten years with multiple five-year renewal options. Fifty-eight store leases have sales termination clauses that allow us to exit the location at our option if we do not achieve certain sales volume results.

The following table summarizes the number of store lease expirations in each of the next five fiscal years and the total thereafter. As stated above, many of our store leases have renewal options. The table also includes the number of leases that are scheduled to expire each year that do not have a renewal option. The table includes stores with more than one lease and leases for stores not yet open and excludes 17 month-to-month leases and 54 owned locations.
Fiscal Year:
Expiring Leases
 
Leases Without Options
2017
241
 
57
2018
267
 
48
2019
241
 
11
2020
235
 
12
2021
259
 
8
Thereafter
128
 
15

Warehouse and Distribution

At January 28, 2017, we owned approximately 9.0 million square feet of distribution center and warehouse space. We own and operate five regional distribution centers strategically located across the United States. The regional distribution centers utilize warehouse management technology, which we believe enables high accuracy and efficient processing of merchandise from vendors to our retail stores. The combined output of our regional distribution centers was approximately 2.6 million merchandise cartons per week in 2016. Certain vendors deliver merchandise directly to our stores when it supports our operational goal to deliver merchandise from our vendors to the sales floor in the most efficient manner. In 2016, we launched our e-commerce platform, which is operated out of our Columbus warehouse.

Distribution centers and warehouse space, and the corresponding square footage of the facilities, by location at January 28, 2017, were as follows:
Location
Year Opened
Total Square Footage
Number of Stores Served
 
 
(Square footage in thousands)
 
Rancho Cucamonga, CA
1984
1,423
262
Columbus, OH
1989
3,559
326
Montgomery, AL
1996
1,411
302
Tremont, PA
2000
1,295
333
Durant, OK
2004
1,297
209
Total

8,985
1,432

Corporate Office

We own the facility in Columbus, Ohio that serves as our general office for corporate associates. During 2016, we entered into an agreement to lease a new facility for our general offices, which is also in Columbus, Ohio. We anticipate moving to this new facility in the first half of 2018.


14


Item 3. Legal Proceedings

Item 103 of SEC Regulation S-K requires that we disclose actual or known contemplated legal proceedings to which a governmental authority and we are each a party and that arise under laws dealing with the discharge of materials into the environment or the protection of the environment, if the proceeding reasonably involves potential monetary sanctions of $100,000 or more. Accordingly, please refer to the discussion in note 10 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements regarding the subpoena we received from the District Attorney for the County of Alameda, State of California.

Aside from these matters, no response is required under Item 103 of Regulation S-K. For a discussion of certain litigated matters, also see note 10 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

None.


15


Supplemental Item. Executive Officers of the Registrant

Our executive officers at March 28, 2017 were as follows:
Name
Age
Offices Held
Officer Since
David J. Campisi
61
Chief Executive Officer and President
2013
Lisa M. Bachmann
55
Executive Vice President, Chief Merchandising and Operating Officer
2002
Timothy A. Johnson
49
Executive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer and Chief Financial Officer
2004
Michael A. Schlonsky
50
Executive Vice President, Human Resources and Store Operations
2000
Ronald A. Robins, Jr.
53
Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
2015

David J. Campisi is our Chief Executive Officer and President. Before joining Big Lots in May 2013, Mr. Campisi served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Respect Your Universe, Inc., an activewear retailer. Mr. Campisi previously served as the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of The Sports Authority, Inc., a sporting goods retailer. Prior to that, Mr. Campisi served as Executive Vice President and General Merchandise Manager, Women’s Apparel, Accessories, Intimates and Cosmetics of Kohl’s Corporation, a department store retailer. Additionally, Mr. Campisi served as Senior Vice President and General Merchandise Manager, Apparel, Home, and Home Electronics of Fred Meyer’s Corporation, a department store retailer.

Lisa M. Bachmann is responsible for merchandising and global sourcing, information technology, merchandise presentation, and merchandise planning and allocation. Ms. Bachmann was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Merchandising and Operating Officer in August 2015, at which time she assumed responsibility for merchandising and global sourcing. Prior to that, Ms. Bachmann was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer in August 2012 and Executive Vice President, Supply Chain Management and Chief Information Officer in March 2010. Ms. Bachmann joined us as Senior Vice President, Merchandise Planning, Allocation and Presentation in March 2002.

Timothy A. Johnson is responsible for financial reporting and controls, financial planning and analysis, treasury, risk management, tax, internal audit, investor relations, real estate, asset protection and distribution and transportation services. Mr. Johnson was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer and Chief Financial Officer in August 2015, at which time he assumed responsibility for distribution and transportation services. Prior to that Mr. Johnson was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer in March 2014. Mr. Johnson assumed responsibility for real estate in June 2013 and asset protection in November 2013. Mr. Johnson was promoted to Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer in August 2012, at which time he assumed responsibility for treasury and risk management. He was promoted to Senior Vice President of Finance in July 2011. He joined us in August 2000 as Director of Strategic Planning.

Michael A. Schlonsky is responsible for store operations, talent management and oversight of human resources. He was promoted to Executive Vice President in August 2015, at which time he assumed responsibility for store operations. He was promoted to Senior Vice President, Human Resources in August 2012 and promoted to Vice President, Associate Relations and Benefits in 2010. Prior to that, Mr. Schlonsky was promoted to Vice President, Associate Relations and Risk Management in 2005. Mr. Schlonsky joined us in 1993 as Staff Counsel and was promoted to Director, Risk Management in 1998, and to Vice President, Risk Management and Administrative Services in 2000.

Ronald A. Robins, Jr. is responsible for legal affairs and compliance. Mr. Robins joined us in 2015 as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary. Prior to joining us, Mr. Robins was a partner at Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP and also previously served as General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer, and Secretary of Abercrombie & Fitch Co., an apparel retailer.


16


Part II

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “BIG.” The following table reflects the high and low sales prices for our common shares as reported on the NYSE composite tape for the fiscal periods indicated:
 
2016
 
2015
 
High
 
   Low
 
High
 
   Low
First Quarter
$
47.95

 
$
35.86

 
$
51.11

 
$
44.45

Second Quarter
53.95

 
41.61

 
48.53

 
41.37

Third Quarter
56.30

 
42.40

 
50.15

 
39.77

Fourth Quarter
$
56.54

 
$
42.58

 
$
48.14

 
$
33.78


In June 2014, we announced that our Board of Directors commenced a cash dividend program. Since the commencement of the program, we have declared and paid eleven consecutive quarterly cash dividends. The following reflects our quarterly dividend payments for 2015 and 2016:
 
2016
 
2015
First Quarter
$
0.21

 
$
0.19

Second Quarter
0.21

 
0.19

Third Quarter
0.21

 
0.19

Fourth Quarter
0.21

 
0.19

Total
$
0.84

 
$
0.76


In the first quarter of 2017, our Board of Directors declared a dividend payable on March 31, 2017 to shareholders of record on March 17, 2017 and increased the amount of the dividend from $0.21 to $0.25 per share. Although it is the present intention of our Board of Directors to continue to pay a quarterly cash dividend in the future, the determination to pay future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, compliance with applicable laws and agreements and any other factors deemed relevant by our Board.

After making investments in the business and paying declared dividends, we have utilized our excess cash for share repurchase programs. Any future decisions on the uses of excess cash will be determined by our Board of Directors taking into account business conditions then existing, including our earnings, financial requirements and condition, opportunities for reinvesting cash, and other factors.

The following table sets forth information regarding our repurchase of common shares during the fourth fiscal quarter of 2016:
(In thousands, except price per share data)
 
 
 
 
Period
(a) Total Number of Shares Purchased (1)
 
(b) Average Price Paid per Share (1)
(c) Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
(d) Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
October 30, 2016 - November 26, 2016

 
$
50.65


$

November 27, 2016 - December 24, 2016

 
51.72



December 25, 2016 - January 28, 2017


50.46



  Total

 
$
51.13


$



17


(1)
In November 2016, December 2016, and January 2017, in connection with the vesting of certain outstanding restricted stock awards and restricted stock units, we acquired 45, 143, and 94 of our common shares, respectively, which were withheld to satisfy minimum statutory income tax withholdings.

On February 28, 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a program for the repurchase of up to $150.0 million of our common shares (“2017 Repurchase Program”). The 2017 Repurchase Program has no scheduled termination date.

At the close of trading on the NYSE on March 24, 2017, there were approximately 658 registered holders of record of our common shares.

The following graph and table compares, for the five fiscal years ended January 28, 2017, the cumulative total shareholder return for our common shares, the S&P 500 Index, and the S&P 500 Retailing Index. Measurement points are the last trading day of each of our fiscal years ended February 2, 2013, February 1, 2014, January 31, 2015, January 30, 2016 and January 28, 2017. The graph and table assume that $100 was invested on January 28, 2012, in each of our common shares, the S&P 500 Index, and the S&P 500 Retailing Index and reinvestment of any dividends. The stock price performance on the following graph and table is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.


secgraph16.gif

 
Indexed Returns
 
Years Ended
 
Base Period
 
 
 
 
 
 
January
January
January
January
January
January
Company / Index
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Big Lots, Inc.
$
100.00

$
80.85

$
66.98

$
116.12

$
99.75

$
127.31

S&P 500 Index
100.00

117.60

141.66

161.82

160.74

194.28

S&P 500 Retailing Index
$
100.00

$
127.09

$
159.31

$
191.32

$
223.45

$
264.90

 

18


Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following statements of operations and balance sheet data have been derived from our consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with MD&A and the consolidated financial statements and related notes included herein.
 
Fiscal Year
(In thousands, except per share amounts and store counts)
2016 (a)
2015 (a)
2014 (a)
2013 (a)
2012 (b)
Net sales
$
5,200,439

$
5,190,582

$
5,177,078

$
5,124,755

$
5,212,318

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation expense shown separately below)
3,101,020

3,123,396

3,133,124

3,117,386

3,157,632

Gross margin
2,099,419

2,067,186

2,043,954

2,007,369

2,054,686

Selling and administrative expenses
1,731,006

1,708,717

1,699,764

1,664,031

1,639,770

Depreciation expense
120,440

122,737

119,702

113,228

103,146

Operating profit
247,973

235,732

224,488

230,110

311,770

Interest expense
(5,091
)
(3,683
)
(2,588
)
(3,293
)
(4,184
)
Other income (expense)
1,359

(5,199
)

(12
)
2

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
244,241

226,850

221,900

226,805

307,588

Income tax expense
91,458

83,842

85,239

85,515

117,071

Income from continuing operations
152,783

143,008

136,661

141,290

190,517

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
45

(135
)
(22,385
)
(15,995
)
(13,396
)
Net income
$
152,828

$
142,873

$
114,276

$
125,295

$
177,121

Earnings per common share - basic:
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
3.37

$
2.83

$
2.49

$
2.46

$
3.18

Discontinued operations


(0.41
)
(0.28
)
(0.22
)
 
$
3.37

$
2.83

$
2.08

$
2.18

$
2.96

Earnings per common share - diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
3.32

$
2.81

$
2.46

$
2.44

$
3.15

Discontinued operations


(0.40
)
(0.28
)
(0.22
)
 
$
3.32

$
2.80

$
2.06

$
2.16

$
2.93

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
45,316

50,517

54,935

57,415

59,852

Diluted
45,974

50,964

55,552

57,958

60,476

Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.84

$
0.76

$
0.51

$

$

Balance sheet data:
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
1,607,707

$
1,640,370

$
1,635,891

$
1,739,599

$
1,753,626

Working capital
315,784

315,984

411,446

483,833

423,300

Cash and cash equivalents
51,164

54,144

52,261

68,629

60,581

Long-term obligations under bank credit facility
106,400

62,300

62,100

77,000

171,200

Shareholders’ equity
$
650,630

$
720,470

$
789,550

$
901,427

$
758,142

Cash flow data:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash provided by operating activities
$
311,925

$
342,352

$
318,562

$
198,334

$
281,133

Cash used in investing activities
$
(84,701
)
$
(113,193
)
$
(90,749
)
$
(97,495
)
$
(130,357
)
Store data:
 
 
 
 
 
Total gross square footage
44,570

44,914

45,134

45,708

45,505

Total selling square footage
31,519

31,775

32,006

32,732

32,623

Stores open at end of the fiscal year
1,432

1,449

1,460

1,493

1,495


(a)
The period presented is comprised of 52 weeks.
(b)
The period presented is comprised of 53 weeks.


19


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview

The discussion and analysis presented below should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes.  Please refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K for a discussion of forward-looking statements and certain risk factors that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and/or liquidity.

Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31, which results in some fiscal years with 52 weeks and some with 53 weeks. Fiscal years 2016, 2015, and 2014 were each comprised of 52 weeks. Fiscal year 2017 will be comprised of 53 weeks.

Operating Results Summary

The following are the results from 2016 that we believe are key indicators of our operating performance when compared to 2015.

Net sales increased $9.9 million, or 0.2%.
Comparable store sales for stores open at least fifteen months, including e-commerce, increased $45.8 million, or 0.9%.
Gross margin dollars increased $32.2 million with a 60 basis point increase in gross margin rate to 40.4% of sales.
Selling and administrative expenses increased $22.3 million. As a percentage of net sales, selling and administrative expenses increased 40 basis points to 33.3% of net sales.
Operating profit rate increased 30 basis points to 4.8%.
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased 18.2% to $3.32 per share, compared to $2.81 per share in 2015.
Our return on invested capital increased to 19.0% from 16.6%.
Inventory of $858.7 million represented an $8.7 million increase, or 1.0%, from 2015.
We acquired approximately 5.6 million of our outstanding common shares for $250.0 million, under our 2016 Repurchase Program (as defined below in “Capital Resources and Liquidity”), at a weighted average price of $44.72 per share.
We declared and paid four quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.21 per common share, for a total paid amount of approximately $38.5 million.

The following table compares components of our consolidated statements of operations as a percentage of net sales:
 
2016
2015
2014
Net sales
100.0
 %
100.0
 %
100.0
 %
Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation expense shown separately below)
59.6

60.2

60.5

Gross margin
40.4

39.8

39.5

Selling and administrative expenses
33.3

32.9

32.8

Depreciation expense
2.3

2.4

2.3

Operating profit
4.8

4.5

4.3

Interest expense
(0.1
)
(0.1
)
(0.0
)
Other income (expense)
0.0

(0.1
)
0.0

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
4.7

4.4

4.3

Income tax expense
1.8

1.6

1.6

Income from continuing operations
2.9

2.8

2.6

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
0.0

(0.0
)
(0.4
)
Net income
2.9
 %
2.8
 %
2.2
 %


20


See the discussion below under the captions “2016 Compared To 2015” and “2015 Compared To 2014” for additional details regarding the specific components of our operating results.

In 2016, our selling and administrative expenses include $27.8 million of costs associated with our pension plans, which have been frozen, terminated, and fully distributed, partially offset by a $3.8 million gain on the sale of a company-owned property in California.

In 2015, our selling and administrative expenses include both a $4.5 million charge associated with the settlement of a legal matter and $12.9 million of costs associated with our pension plans, which have been frozen, terminated, and fully distributed.


Operating Strategy

Mr. Campisi joined us in 2013 as our Chief Executive Officer and President. Under Mr. Campisi’s leadership, we reevaluated the key components of our operating strategy, our leadership and organizational structure, and the businesses that we operated. After performing his review with the senior leadership team, we introduced our Edit to Amplify operating strategy (“Edit to Amplify”). Edit to Amplify applies to all aspects of our business, but particularly focuses on merchandising, marketing, and our customers’ shopping experience, which we believe represent the key drivers of our net sales. Edit to Amplify focuses our entire attention on our core customer, whom we refer to as Jennifer, and drives us to exceed Jennifer’s expectations by employing a customer-first mentality and delivering a product assortment that simultaneously meets her everyday needs and delivers exciting surprises intended to drive discretionary purchases. During 2016, our Edit to Amplify strategy began to narrow our focus on what we call “ownable or winnable” merchandise categories in which Jennifer looks to us to deliver. In 2017, we expect to continue to refine our operating strategy, and anticipate:

Earnings per diluted share from continuing operations to be $3.95 to $4.10.
Comparable store sales increase 1% to 2%.
Opening 20 new stores and closing 40 stores.
Cash flow (operating activities less investing activities) of approximately $180 to $190 million.
Cash returned to shareholders of approximately $195 million, through our quarterly dividend program and the 2017 Repurchase Program.

The “2016 Compared To 2015” section below provides additional discussion and analysis of our financial performance and the assumptions and expectations upon which we are basing our guidance for our future results.

Merchandising

We intend to achieve our goal of exceeding our core customer’s expectations by offering a product assortment of value-priced merchandise that is meaningful to her and improving her shopping experience. Our Edit to Amplify strategy uses the two separate “Edit” and “Amplify” components to achieve our goal of exceeding our core customer’s expectations. The “Edit” component focuses on continuously evaluating our product mix and downsizing, or potentially eliminating, those departments within our merchandise categories and product offerings that we believe she does not prioritize or where we believe we do not maintain a competitive advantage. The “Amplify” component enhances the assortment of those merchandise categories and product offerings that we believe are important to our core customer’s shopping experience and in which we believe we have a competitive advantage. We internally define these “Amplify” merchandise categories as “ownable” or “winnable.” An “ownable” merchandise category is one where we believe Jennifer views us as a destination to shop for a tasteful assortment of products. A “winnable” merchandise category is one where we believe our value proposition differentiates us from the competition when Jennifer shops for these key product offerings. We believe these merchandise categories – Furniture, Seasonal, Soft Home, Food, and Consumables – align our business with how our core customer shops our stores. Additionally, we believe our Hard Home and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories merchandise categories provide convenient adjacencies to our “ownable” or “winnable” categories.


21


Our merchandise categories place differing emphasis on essential items (needs) and discretionary items (wants).

Our Furniture category primarily focuses on our core customer’s home furnishing needs, such as upholstery, mattresses, ready-to-assemble, and case goods. In Furniture, we believe our competitive advantage is attributable to our sourcing relationships, everyday value offerings, and our in-store availability. A significant majority of our offerings in this category consists of replenishable products sourced either from recognized brand-name manufacturers or sold under our own brands. Our long-standing relationships with certain brand-name manufacturers, most notably in our mattresses and upholstery departments, allow us to work directly with them to create product offerings specifically for our stores, which enables us to provide a high-quality product at a competitive price. Additionally, we believe our ability to carry in-stock inventory of our core furniture offerings that is available to take home at the end of our customer’s shopping experience positively differentiates us from our competition.

Our Food and Consumables categories focus primarily on catering to our core customer’s daily essentials, or “need, use, buy most” items, by providing significant value and consistency of product offerings. We believe we possess a competitive advantage in the Food and Consumables categories based on our sourcing capabilities for closeout merchandise. Manufacturers and vendors have closeout merchandise for a variety of different reasons, including other retailers canceling orders or going out of business, marketing or packaging changes, or a new product launch that has underperformed. We believe our vendor relationships along with our size and financial strength afford us these opportunities. We have expanded and improved the consistency of our offerings in these categories to supplement our closeout strategy.

Our Soft Home and Hard Home categories address our core customer’s cooking and living essentials, such as tabletop, bedding, and bath, as well as their home-related discretionary items, such as small appliances, home fashion, and accents. We believe that our competitive advantage in the Soft Home and Hard Home categories is based on the quality, brand, fashion, and value of our merchandise offerings, with a particular focus on value and savings. In these categories, our merchandise mix is comprised of replenishable products or assortments we develop with our vendors. Our closeout penetration in these categories is significantly lower than in our Food and Consumables categories. Over the past few years, we have amplified our assortment in Soft Home by allocating more selling space to the category to support a wider range of fashion-based products that our core customer uses to decorate her home.

Our Seasonal and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories categories focus on our core customer’s discretionary purchases, such as patio furniture, summer outdoor décor, and Christmas trim. We generally work with vendors to develop product offerings for our stores based on our market evaluations, as closeouts are not always practicable from an availability or timing perspective. Much of this merchandise is sourced on an import basis, which allows us to maintain our competitive pricing. During the past few years, we have amplified our assortment of our Seasonal offerings, particularly patio furniture and summer outdoor décor, while we have “edited” our assortment of offerings in our Electronics, Toys, & Accessories categories in response to reduced customer demand for our selection.

Our merchandising management team is aligned with our merchandise categories. The primary goal of this team is to increase our total company comparable store sales (“comp” or “comps”). We focus our performance review of members within merchandise management on comps by merchandise category, as we believe it is the key metric that will drive our long-term net sales. By focusing on growing our “ownable” and/or “winnable” merchandise categories, and managing contraction in certain departments within those categories, we believe our merchandise management team can effectively address the changing shopping behaviors of our customers and implement more tailored programs within each merchandise category, which we believe will lead to continued growth in our comps in the future.


22


Marketing

The top priority of all of our marketing activities is to increase our comps. Since the implementation of our Edit to Amplify strategy, we have shifted our marketing efforts to focus on strengthening our connection with our core customer through the forms of media that are integral in her daily life. We continue to increase our use of social and digital media outlets including conducting entire campaigns through these outlets (specifically on Facebook®, Instagram®, Pinterest®, Twitter®, and YouTube®) to drive increased brand awareness with our core customer and to attempt to speak to new potential customers. These outlets provide us with a channel to deliver our brand message directly to Jennifer, while also providing her with the opportunity to share direct feedback with us, which can enhance our understanding of what is most important to her and improve the shopping experience in our stores. During 2016, we began a comprehensive review of our brand identity to gain further insights into Jennifer's perception of our brand and how best to improve the overall effectiveness of our messaging efforts.

Given our customers’ proficiency with mobile devices and digital media, we focus on communicating with her through those channels. We believe most of our core customers are members of our Buzz Club Rewards® program. Our Buzz Club Rewards® members receive a variety of targeted email campaigns throughout the year that promote our most attractive and unique product offerings. We are continuously learning additional information about our rewards members, and we will continually refine our methodologies to effectively incentivize their behaviors.

In addition to electronic, social and digital media, our marketing communication efforts involve a mix of television advertising, printed ad circulars, and in-store signage. The primary goals of our television advertising are to promote our brand and, from time to time, promote products or special discounts in our stores. Our printed advertising circulars and our in-store signage initiatives focus on promoting our value proposition on our unique merchandise offerings.

Shopping Experience

Starting in 2015, a major focus of our business has been to increase our investment in our store teams through the roll-out of store operations initiatives designed to aid our store associates in delivering more consistent customer service experiences by focusing on catering to her needs, including:

Redefining roles and responsibilities of our store associates by delineating our team into two primary areas - customer service and replenishment - which narrows the responsibilities of, and provides greater focus to, our team members.
Implementing a new scheduling system focused on ensuring adequate staffing levels during Jennifer’s core shopping windows.
Standardizing our training program for our furniture sales managers to improve the consistency of the Furniture category shopping experience in our stores.

The analysis we conducted during our strategic planning process continues to identify our Furniture category as a competitive differentiator and, as a result, we continue to implement initiatives designed to positively impact our core customer's furniture shopping experience (in addition to standardizing our training program for our furniture sales managers), including:

Expanding the size of our Furniture departments in many stores to enable Jennifer to navigate our furniture department more freely.
Refining our product adjacencies to provide a more cohesive shopping experience with our complementary Soft Home and Hard Home product offerings.
Completing full chain roll outs of private label credit card and furniture coverage / warranty programs, which provide access to revolving credit, through a third party, for use on both larger ticket items and daily purchases and a method for obtaining multi-year warranty coverage for furniture purchases.
Promoting our Easy Leasing lease-to-own program, which provides a single use opportunity for access to third-party financing.

In addition to our efforts to improve the in-store shopping experience, we continue to focus on improving our e-commerce platform, which we launched in the spring of 2016. Our integrated e-commerce platform has offered a narrowed assortment of our in-store offerings. As we learn more about our core customer’s online shopping habits we will expand and refine our online offerings. We also expect that in 2017 our e-commerce platform will begin offering expanded fabric and color options on certain products in our Furniture category and certain outdoor furniture offerings in our Seasonal category.


23


Real Estate

We have determined that our average store size of approximately 22,000 selling square feet is currently appropriate for us to provide our core customers with a positive shopping experience and properly present a representative assortment of merchandise categories that our core customer finds meaningful. Accordingly, when we relocate or open new stores in the future, we intend to open stores of a similar size. Additionally, we have established more stringent merchandise presentation and store layout requirements for our new stores, which were established to ensure a more consistent shopping experience in each location. In late 2016, we engaged a third party specialist and began a study to analyze our store design and layout in relation to changing retail landscape and needs of our core customers. During 2017, we will begin to test certain design and layout revisions and adaptations and evaluate the customer feedback and operating results. Dependent on the outcome of this analysis, we may begin implementing elements of the proposed store design and layout suggestions in future years.

As discussed in “Item 2. Properties,” of this Form 10-K, we have 241 store leases that will expire in 2017. During 2017, we anticipate opening 20 new stores and closing approximately 40 of our existing locations. The majority of these closings are to relocate stores to improved locations within the same local market, with the balance resulting from a lack of renewal options or our belief that a location’s sales and operating profit volume are not strong enough to warrant additional investment in the location. As part of our evaluation of potential store closings, we consider our ability to transfer sales from a closing store to other nearby locations and generate a better overall financial result for the geographic market. For our remaining store locations with fiscal 2017 lease expirations, we expect to exercise our renewal option or negotiate lease renewal terms sufficient to allow us to continue operations and achieve an acceptable return on our investment.

Discontinued Operations

During the first quarter of 2014, we ceased our Canadian operations by closing all of our stores in Canada. Accordingly, we reclassified the results of our Canadian operations to discontinued operations for all periods presented. In conjunction with the wind down of our Canadian operations in the first quarter of 2014, we recorded $23.0 million in contract termination costs, primarily associated with store operating leases, $2.2 million in severance costs associated with our store and corporate office operations in Canada, and $5.1 million in foreign currency losses associated with the reclassification of the cumulative translation adjustment from other comprehensive income. After the first quarter of 2014, we incurred approximately $2.1 million in costs, which were primarily associated with professional services and negotiating the termination of our leased facilities with our former landlords.

Additionally, we have elected to classify in discontinued operations the U.S. income tax benefit related to the excess tax basis in the common shares of Big Lots Canada, Inc. that we expected to, and did, recover as a worthless stock deduction in 2014, as this deduction was generated from our Canadian operations which we have also classified as discontinued operations. During 2014, the amount of this income tax benefit that we recognized was $13.8 million.





24


2016 COMPARED TO 2015

Net Sales
Net sales by merchandise category (in dollars and as a percentage of total net sales), net sales change (in dollars and percentage), and comps in 2016 compared to 2015 were as follows:
(In thousands)
2016
 
2015
 
Change
 
Comps
Furniture
$
1,195,365

23.0
%
 
$
1,135,757

21.9
%
 
$
59,608

5.2
 %
 
5.7
 %
Food
830,508

16.0

 
845,541

16.3

 
(15,033
)
(1.8
)
 
(1.0
)
Consumables
823,482

15.8

 
832,345

16.0

 
(8,863
)
(1.1
)
 
(0.2
)
Soft Home
743,359

14.3

 
710,821

13.7

 
32,538

4.6

 
5.4

Seasonal
739,106

14.2

 
725,238

14.0

 
13,868

1.9

 
2.6

Hard Home
437,575

8.4

 
477,451

9.2

 
(39,876
)
(8.4
)
 
(7.5
)
Electronics, Toys, & Accessories
431,044

8.3

 
463,429

8.9

 
(32,385
)
(7.0
)
 
(6.5
)
  Net sales
$
5,200,439

100.0
%
 
$
5,190,582

100.0
%
 
$
9,857

0.2
 %
 
0.9
 %
 
In the fourth quarter of 2016, we realigned select merchandise categories to be consistent with the changes in our merchandising team and our management reporting. Specifically, we reclassified our toy department from our Seasonal category to our Electronics, Toys, & Accessories category and our home organization department from our Consumables category to our Soft Home category. Sales results for all years have been reclassified to reflect this realignment.

We periodically assess and make minor adjustments to our product hierarchy, which can impact the roll-up of our merchandise categories. Our financial reporting process utilizes the most current product hierarchy in reporting net sales by merchandise category for all periods presented. Therefore, there may be minor reclassifications of net sales by merchandise category compared to previously reported amounts.

Net sales increased $9.9 million, or 0.2%, to $5,200.4 million in 2016, compared to $5,190.6 million in 2015. The increase in net sales was principally due to a 0.9% increase in comps, which increased net sales by $45.8 million, partially offset by the net decrease of 17 stores since the end of 2015, which decreased net sales by $35.9 million. The Furniture category experienced positive net sales and comps during 2016, primarily driven by strength in our mattress, case goods, and upholstery departments, which were positively impacted by an expansion of allocated square footage in approximately 50% of our stores during the first quarter of 2016, the performance of our Easy Leasing lease-to-own program, and the introduction of a third party, private label credit card offering. Soft Home experienced increases in net sales and comps which were primarily driven by continued broad-based improvement in the product assortment, quality and perceived value by our customers. The positive net sales and comps in our Seasonal category were driven by strength in our lawn & garden and summer departments. The strength in our lawn & garden and summer departments was primarily a result of improved product assortment and a favorable weather pattern in the first quarter of 2016 as compared to the first quarter of 2015, which experienced an extended winter. The net sales and comp increases in Furniture, Soft Home, and Seasonal were partially offset by slightly negative net sales and comps in Consumable and Food and larger negative net sales and comps in our Hard Home and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories categories. The Consumable category experienced slightly negative comps and negative net sales, driven by negative comps in our paper department, due to fewer closeout opportunities. This was partially offset by positive comps in our pet department where we introduced an exclusive label offering in 2015 that has continued to grow, coupled with positive performance in our health, beauty, and cosmetics department due to the introduction of an everyday, branded product program. The Food category experienced a slight decrease in net sales and comps due to merchandising execution, such as product mix imbalances, and the timing of closeout inventory purchases. The negative net sales and comps in Electronics, Toys, & Accessories were a result of a reduced product offering from our “edit” activities in the electronics department, as we continue to refine our understanding of where we can be successful in this category. Hard Home experienced negative net sales and comps as a result of an intentionally narrowed assortment, primarily from a reduction in allocated space executed in the first quarter of 2016.


25


For 2017, we expect net sales to be in the range of flat to up slightly compared to 2016, which is based on an anticipated increase in comps of 1% to 2%, partially offset by a lower overall store count. Additionally, we expect sales to benefit from a 53rd week of operations in 2017 as compared to 2016, which was comprised of 52 weeks. We expect comps above the company average in our Furniture, Soft Home and Seasonal categories, driven by continued growth in our lease-to-own and private label credit card programs, strength in our lawn & garden offerings, and continued refinement of our Soft Home assortment. We expect slightly positive comps in our Food and Consumables categories as we continue to improve our product assortment and expand our everyday offerings. We anticipate below company average comps in our Hard Home and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories categories due to continued downsizing and narrowed product assortments.

Gross Margin
Gross margin dollars increased $32.2 million, or 1.6%, to $2,099.4 million in 2016, compared to $2,067.2 million in 2015.  The increase in gross margin dollars was principally due to a higher gross margin rate, which increased gross margin dollars by approximately $28.3 million along with an increase in net sales, which increased gross margin dollars by approximately $3.9 million.  Gross margin as a percentage of net sales increased 60 basis points to 40.4% in 2016 compared to 39.8% in 2015. The gross margin rate increase was principally due to the impact of a higher initial mark-up. The higher initial mark-up was a product of lower inbound freight costs, increased sales of higher margin products, and slightly favorable merchandise costs.

For 2017, we expect our gross margin rate to be essentially flat compared to 2016.

Selling and Administrative Expenses
Selling and administrative expenses were $1,731.0 million in 2016, compared to $1,708.7 million in 2015.  The increase of $22.3 million, or 1.3%, was primarily due to increases in share-based compensation of $19.6 million, pension termination related expenses of $14.9 million, administrative costs to support our e-commerce platform of $10.0 million, and accruals for legal settlements of $5.1 million, partially offset by decreases in distribution and outbound transportation costs of $7.5 million, a gain on the sale of real estate of $3.8 million, a decrease in self-insurance costs of $3.8 million, and the absence of a $4.5 million loss contingency associated with a merchandise related legal matter, which occurred during the second quarter of 2015. The increase in share-based compensation expense was driven by performance share units (“PSUs”), which had not met the accounting requirements for expensing prior to the first quarter of 2016. The increase in pension expense includes all costs associated with the termination of our pension plan including settlement charges and professional fees. The increase in administrative costs to support our e-commerce platform was attributable to the launch of our e-commerce platform during the first quarter of 2016 and, as a result, many of these costs were not incurred in 2015. In 2016, we incurred $4.8 million in charges related to wage and hour claims brought against us in the State of California associated with both our stores and our distribution center as well as for an action related to our handling of hazardous materials and hazardous waste in California. The decrease in distribution and outbound transportation costs was driven by operational efficiencies generated at our distribution centers and through our outbound transportation initiatives, as well as lower diesel fuel prices, during 2016 as compared to the 2015. The gain on the sale of real estate resulted from the sale of an owned store location in the fourth quarter of 2016. The decrease in self-insurance costs was due to a decrease in the occurrence of high cost claims within our general liability program.

As a percentage of net sales, selling and administrative expenses increased by 40 basis points to 33.3% in 2016 compared to 32.9% in 2015. Our future selling and administrative expense as a percentage of net sales depends on many factors, including our level of net sales, our ability to implement additional efficiencies, principally in our store and distribution center operations, and fluctuating commodity prices, such as diesel fuel, which directly affects our outbound transportation cost.

For 2017, selling and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales are expected to decrease from 2016. Specifically, we anticipate selling and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales will decrease even when excluding the $27.8 million in costs associated with our terminated pension plans from our 2016 selling and administrative expenses, as we expect our leverage point occurs at a slightly positive comp.

26


Depreciation Expense
Depreciation expense decreased $2.3 million to $120.4 million in 2016 compared to $122.7 million in 2015. The decrease was driven by a reduction in new store spending in 2014 and 2015 as compared to 2010 and 2011, as the initial store construction costs on those stores are completing the depreciation cycle. This decrease was partially offset by the depreciation of our e-commerce platform, which was placed into service in the first quarter of 2016. Depreciation expense as a percentage of net sales decreased by 10 basis points compared to 2015.

For 2017, we expect capital expenditures to be approximately $150 million, which includes maintenance capital for our stores, distribution centers, and corporate offices, investments in strategic initiatives to support future growth including our investment in the store of the future, and the construction costs associated with opening 20 new stores. Based on our anticipated level of capital expenditures in 2017 and the run rate of depreciation on our existing property and equipment, we expect 2017 depreciation expense to be approximately $115 million to $120 million, compared to $120 million in 2016.

Operating Profit
Operating profit was $248.0 million in 2016 as compared to $235.7 million in 2015. The increase in operating profit was primarily driven by the items discussed in the "Net Sales", "Gross Margin", "Selling and Administrative Expenses", and "Depreciation Expense" sections above. In summary, the increase in our comps and gross margin rate coupled with a decrease in depreciation expense was partially offset by an increase in selling and administrative expenses.

During 2017, we anticipate our operating profit will benefit by approximately $5 million from the addition of the 53rd week in the fiscal year.

Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $1.4 million to $5.1 million in 2016 compared to $3.7 million in 2015.  The increase was driven by higher average borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement. We had total average borrowings (including capital leases) of $240.7 million in 2016 compared to total average borrowings of $177.2 million in 2015. The increase in our average revolving debt balance was primarily the result of year-over-year changes in the timing and amount of our share repurchase activity.

Other Income (Expense)
Other income (expense) was $1.4 million in 2016, compared to $(5.2) million in 2015.   We recognized unrealized gains of $3.7 million partially offset by realized losses of $2.3 million in 2016 related to our diesel fuel hedging contracts, driven by an increase in current and future projected diesel fuel prices, which positively impacted valuation. We recognized unrealized losses of $4.7 million along with realized losses of $0.5 million in 2015 related to our diesel fuel hedging contracts, driven by a decrease in current and future projected diesel fuel prices which negatively impacted valuation.

Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate in 2016 and 2015 for income from continuing operations was 37.5% and 37.0%, respectively. The increase in our effective rate was principally driven by an increase in nondeductible expenses and a net decrease in settlements and lapses of the statute of limitations.



27


2015 COMPARED TO 2014

Net Sales
Net sales by merchandise category, in dollars and as a percentage of total net sales, net sales change in dollars and percentage, and comps from 2015 compared to 2014 were as follows:
(In thousands)
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
Comps
Furniture
$
1,135,757

21.9
%
 
$
1,051,165

20.3
%
 
$
84,592

8.0
 %
 
8.8
 %
Food
845,541

16.3

 
821,915

15.9

 
23,626

2.9

 
4.6

Consumables
832,345

16.0

 
839,310

16.2

 
(6,965
)
(0.8
)
 
1.1

Seasonal
725,238

14.0

 
732,323

14.1

 
(7,085
)
(1.0
)
 
0.6

Soft Home
710,821

13.7

 
683,448

13.2

 
27,373

4.0

 
5.8

Hard Home
477,451

9.2

 
510,095

9.9

 
(32,644
)
(6.4
)
 
(4.5
)
Electronics, Toys, & Accessories
463,429

8.9

 
538,822

10.4

 
(75,393
)
(14.0
)
 
(12.5
)
  Net sales
$
5,190,582

100.0
%
 
$
5,177,078

100.0
%
 
$
13,504

0.3
 %
 
1.8
 %

Net sales increased $13.5 million, or 0.3%, to $5,190.6 million in 2015, compared to $5,177.1 million in 2014. The increase in net sales was principally due to a 1.8% increase in comps, which increased net sales by $91.1 million, partially offset by the net decrease of 11 stores since the end of 2014, which decreased net sales by $77.6 million. The Furniture category experienced positive net sales and comps in nearly all departments during 2015, led by our mattresses and upholstery departments, driven by the impact of our Easy Leasing lease-to-own program. Although many departments in our Soft Home category experienced increased net sales and positive comps, the overall increases in Soft Home net sales and comps were primarily driven by new and improved products in our bath and bedding departments and an expansion of selling space allocated to this key category. The Food category experienced positive comps and increased net sales, which were attributable to an increased square footage allocation, the completion of the roll-out of our cooler and freezer program, and enhanced assortments of branded products, particularly in connection with closeouts. Consumables experienced an increase in comps, primarily driven by our pet and household chemicals departments, which benefited from an expanded product assortment and increased closeouts, respectively, during 2015. The Seasonal category experienced positive comps due to strength in our Christmas, Halloween, and summer departments, which was driven by an improved product assortment. The positive comps in these categories were partially offset by negative comps in our Hard Home, and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories categories. Our Hard Home and Electronics, Toys, & Accessories both experienced negative comps as a result of an intentionally narrowed assortment, which resulted from our “edit” activities during 2015.

Gross Margin
Gross margin dollars increased $23.2 million, or 1.1%, to $2,067.2 million in 2015, compared to $2,044.0 million in 2014.  The increase in gross margin dollars was principally due to a higher gross margin rate, which increased gross margin dollars by approximately $17.9 million along with an increase in net sales, which increased gross margin dollars by approximately $5.3 million.  Gross margin as a percentage of net sales increased 30 basis points to 39.8% in 2015 compared to 39.5% in 2014. The gross margin rate increase was principally due to improvements in initial markup and a lower overall markdown rate in 2015 as compared to 2014, due to the significant markdowns taken in 2014 as part of our Edit to Amplify merchandise strategy to sell through and narrow our assortment in certain underperforming categories in the first quarter of 2014.

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Selling and Administrative Expenses
Selling and administrative expenses were $1,708.7 million in 2015, compared to $1,699.8 million in 2014.  The increase of $8.9 million, or 0.5%, was primarily due to pension termination related expenses of $9.2 million, a $4.5 million loss contingency associated with a merchandise-related legal matter during the second quarter of 2015, along with increases in corporate office payroll and severance related expense of $5.5 million, accrued bonus expense of $4.5 million, and share-based compensation of $2.9 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in store related payroll of $9.4 million. During the third and fourth quarters of 2015, we amended our Pension Plan and Supplemental Pension Plan, respectively, to freeze benefits and terminate the plans, and as a result, we incurred curtailments, while also incurring settlement charges, which totaled approximately $2.2 million. Additionally, when we announced the plan terminations to active plan participants, we communicated to them a one-time conversion benefit, for which we accrued $7.0 million. The increase in corporate office payroll expenses was primarily driven by annual merit increases and severance related expenses combined with our investment in hiring for our e-commerce support functions, including information technology and marketing team members. The increase in accrued bonus expense was directly related to better financial performance in 2015 relative to our quarterly and annual operating plans as compared to our performance during 2014. The increase in share-based compensation expense was primarily driven by the lack of forfeiture of awards, and the related expense reversal, by individuals affected by separation activities in 2015 when compared to 2014. The decrease in store-related payroll resulted principally from a net decrease of 11 stores compared to the end of 2014.

As a percentage of net sales, selling and administrative expenses increased by 10 basis points to 32.9% in 2015 compared to 32.8% in 2014. Our future selling and administrative expense as a percentage of net sales depends on many factors, including our level of net sales, our ability to implement additional efficiencies, principally in our store and distribution center operations, and fluctuating commodity prices, such as diesel fuel, which directly affects our outbound transportation cost.

Depreciation Expense
Depreciation expense increased $3.0 million to $122.7 million in 2015 compared to $119.7 million in 2014. The increase was directly related to our continued investment in systems and capital spending to support and maintain our stores, including the completion of the roll-out of our cooler and freezer program and our POS systems upgrade, and projects at our distribution centers. Depreciation expense as a percentage of net sales increased by 10 basis points compared to 2014.

Operating Profit
Operating profit was $235.7 million in 2015 as compared to $224.5 million in 2014. The increase in operating profit was primarily driven by the items discussed in the "Net Sales", "Gross Margin", "Selling and Administrative Expenses", and "Depreciation Expense" sections above. In summary, the increase in our net sales and gross margin was partially offset by increases in selling and administrative expenses and depreciation expense.

Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $1.1 million to $3.7 million in 2015 compared to $2.6 million in 2014.  The increase was driven by higher average borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement. We had total average borrowings (including capital leases) of $177.2 million in 2015 compared to total average borrowings of $105.5 million in 2014. The increase to our average revolving debt balance was primarily the result of year-over-year changes in the timing of our share repurchase activity. The increase in capital leases was driven by a capital lease for store security equipment, which commenced in late 2014.

Other Income (Expense)
Other income (expense) was $(5.2) million in 2015, compared to $0.0 million in 2014.   We recognized unrealized losses of $4.7 million along with realized losses of $0.5 million in 2015 related to our diesel fuel hedging contracts, driven by a decrease in current and future projected diesel fuel prices which negatively impacted valuation. We did not maintain any diesel fuel hedging contracts in 2014.

Income Taxes
The effective income tax rate in 2015 and 2014 for income from continuing operations was 37.0% and 38.4%, respectively. The decrease in our effective rate was principally driven by the recognition of increased employment-related tax credit benefits in 2015 including the impact of the retroactive renewals of federal hiring credits, coupled with increased statute of limitation lapses and discrete settlement benefits.



29


Capital Resources and Liquidity

On July 22, 2011, we entered into a $700 million five-year unsecured credit facility, which was first amended on May 30, 2013. On May 28, 2015, we entered into an additional amendment of the credit facility that among other things extended its term to May 30, 2020 (as amended, the “2011 Credit Agreement”). In connection with our original entry into the 2011 Credit Agreement, we paid bank fees and other expenses in the aggregate amount of $3.0 million, which are being amortized over the term of the agreement. In connection with the second amendment of the 2011 Credit Agreement, we paid bank fees and other expenses in the amount of $0.8 million, which are being amortized over the term of the agreement.  Borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement are available for general corporate purposes and working capital.  The 2011 Credit Agreement includes a $30 million swing loan sublimit and a $150 million letter of credit sublimit.  The interest rates, pricing and fees under the 2011 Credit Agreement fluctuate based on our debt rating.  The 2011 Credit Agreement allows us to select our interest rate for each borrowing from multiple interest rate options.  The interest rate options are generally derived from the prime rate or LIBOR. We may prepay revolving loans made under the 2011 Credit Agreement.  The 2011 Credit Agreement contains financial and other covenants, including, but not limited to, limitations on indebtedness, liens and investments, as well as the maintenance of two financial ratios – a leverage ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio.  A violation of any of the covenants could result in a default under the 2011 Credit Agreement that would permit the lenders to restrict our ability to further access the 2011 Credit Agreement for loans and letters of credit and require the immediate repayment of any outstanding loans under the 2011 Credit Agreement.  At January 28, 2017, we were in compliance with the covenants of the 2011 Credit Agreement.

We use the 2011 Credit Agreement, as necessary, to provide funds for ongoing and seasonal working capital, capital expenditures, share repurchase programs, and other expenditures. In addition, we use the 2011 Credit Agreement to provide letters of credit for various operating and regulatory requirements, and if needed, letters of credit required to cover our self-funded insurance programs. Given the seasonality of our business, the amount of borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement may fluctuate materially depending on various factors, including our operating financial performance, the time of year, and our need to increase merchandise inventory levels prior to the peak selling season. Generally, our working capital requirements peak late in our third fiscal quarter or early in our fourth fiscal quarter.  We have typically funded those requirements with borrowings under our credit facility. In 2016, our total indebtedness (outstanding borrowings and letters of credit) under the 2011 Credit Agreement peaked at approximately $398 million in November.  At January 28, 2017, we had $106.4 million in outstanding borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement and $590.6 million in borrowings available under the 2011 Credit Agreement, after taking into account the reduction in availability resulting from outstanding letters of credit totaling $3.0 million.  Working capital was $315.8 million at January 28, 2017.

The primary source of our liquidity is cash flows from operations and, as necessary, borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement.  Our net income and, consequently, our cash provided by operations are impacted by net sales volume, seasonal sales patterns, and operating profit margins.  Our net sales are typically highest during the nine-week Christmas selling season in our fourth fiscal quarter.  

Whenever our liquidity position requires us to borrow funds under the 2011 Credit Agreement, we typically repay and/or borrow on a daily basis. The daily activity is a net result of our liquidity position, which is generally driven by the following components of our operations: (1) cash inflows such as cash or credit card receipts collected from stores for merchandise sales and other miscellaneous deposits; and (2) cash outflows such as check clearings, wire transfers and other electronic transactions for the acquisition of merchandise and for payment of payroll and other operating expenses, income and other taxes, employee benefits, and other miscellaneous disbursements.

On March 1, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program providing for the repurchase of $250 million of our common shares (“2016 Repurchase Program”). During 2016, we exhausted this program by purchasing approximately 5.6 million of our outstanding common shares at an average price of $44.72.

On February 28, 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program providing for the repurchase of $150 million of our common shares (“2017 Repurchase Program”). Pursuant to the 2017 Repurchase Program, we are authorized to repurchase shares in the open market and/or in privately negotiated transactions at our discretion, subject to market conditions and other factors. Common shares acquired through the 2017 Repurchase Program will be available to meet obligations under our equity compensation plans and for general corporate purposes. The 2017 Repurchase Program has no scheduled termination date and will be funded with cash and cash equivalents, cash generated from operations and by drawing on the 2011 Credit Agreement.


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In 2016, we declared and paid four quarterly cash dividends of $0.21 per common share for a total paid amount of approximately $38.5 million.

In February 2017, our Board increased our quarterly dividend payment rate by approximately 19% by declaring a quarterly cash dividend of $0.25 per common share payable on March 31, 2017 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 17, 2017.

The following table compares the primary components of our cash flows from 2016 to 2015:
(In thousands)
2016
 
2015
 
Change
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
311,925

 
$
342,352

 
$
(30,427
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(84,701
)
 
(113,193
)
 
28,492

Net cash used in financing activities
$
(230,204
)
 
$
(227,276
)
 
$
(2,928
)

Cash provided by operating activities decreased by $30.4 million to $311.9 million in 2016 compared to $342.4 million in 2015.  The decrease was primarily attributable to a change in our income tax position (current and deferred), which decreased our cash provided by operating activities by $25.5 million, primarily as a result of payments. The increase in income tax payments was principally driven by our increase in pretax income in 2016 compared to 2015 and extension payments for 2015 made in 2016. There were substantially less income tax payments in 2015 for 2014 extensions due to the large taxable loss associated with the wind down of our former Canadian operations. Additionally in 2016, we had an increase in contributions to our pension plans, which decreased our cash provided by operating activities by $8.3 million in 2016 compared to 2015. As a result of the termination of our pension plans, we contributed $19.2 million to the plans in 2016, compared to $10.9 million dollars in 2015. Coupled with the contributions, we made a one-time transition benefit payment to the participants of the Pension Plan, which decreased our operating cash flows by $7.0 million, while no similar payment was made in 2015. Partially offsetting the decrease in cash provided by operating activities was an increase of $19.6 million in share-based compensation expense in 2016, which was driven by the expense associated with our PSUs.

Cash used in investing activities decreased by $28.5 million to $84.7 million in 2016 compared to $113.2 million in 2015.  The decrease was primarily driven by a $36.2 million decrease in capital expenditures to $89.8 million in 2016 compared to $126.0 million in 2015. The decrease in capital expenditures was driven by fewer capital projects in 2016 as compared to 2015, which included an upgrade in our POS systems and substantial investment in our e-commerce platform. The decrease in capital expenditures was partially offset by a decrease in cash proceeds from the sale of an asset held for sale of $10.0 million in the first quarter of 2015, compared to cash proceeds of $3.8 million from the sale of property in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Cash used in financing activities increased by $2.9 million to $230.2 million in 2016 compared to $227.3 million in 2015. The primary driver of this increase was a $52.4 million increase in payments for treasury shares acquired to $254.3 million in 2016 from $201.9 million in 2015, partially offset by an increase of $43.9 million in net borrowings under our bank credit facility to $44.1 million in 2016 compared to $0.2 million in 2015.

Based on historical and expected financial results, we believe that we have or, if necessary, have the ability to obtain, adequate resources to fund ongoing and seasonal working capital requirements, proposed capital expenditures, new projects, and currently maturing obligations. On a consolidated basis, we expect cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures to be approximately $180 to $190 million in 2017; and we intend to distribute approximately $195 million to shareholders through the 2017 Share Repurchase program and quarterly dividend payments.


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Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes payments due under our contractual obligations at January 28, 2017:
 
Payments Due by Period (1)
 
 
Less than
 
 
More than
(In thousands)
Total
1 year
1 to 3 years
3 to 5 years
5 years
Obligations under bank credit facility (2)
$
106,545

$
145

$

$
106,400

$

Operating lease obligations (3) (4)
1,383,629

329,701

526,329

303,396

224,203

Capital lease obligations (4)
22,613

5,481

8,846

7,781

505

Purchase obligations (4) (5)
649,905

562,451

77,526

8,966

962

Other long-term liabilities (6)
69,230

10,422

12,537

12,537

33,734

  Total contractual obligations
$
2,231,922

$
908,200

$
625,238

$
439,080

$
259,404


(1)
The disclosure of contractual obligations in this table is based on assumptions and estimates that we believe to be reasonable as of the date of this report. Those assumptions and estimates may prove to be inaccurate; consequently, the amounts provided in the table may differ materially from those amounts that we ultimately incur. Variables that may cause the stated amounts to vary from the amounts actually incurred include, but are not limited to: the termination of a contractual obligation prior to its stated or anticipated expiration; fees or damages incurred as a result of the premature termination or breach of a contractual obligation; the acquisition of more or less services or goods under a contractual obligation than are anticipated by us as of the date of this report; fluctuations in third party fees, governmental charges, or market rates that we are obligated to pay under contracts we have with certain vendors; and the exercise of renewal options under, or the automatic renewal of, contracts that provide for the same.

(2)
Obligations under the bank credit facility consist of the borrowings outstanding under the 2011 Credit Agreement, and the associated accrued interest of $0.1 million. In addition, we had outstanding letters of credit totaling $61.6 million at January 28, 2017. The outstanding letters of credit represent stand-by letters of credit and we do not expect to meet the conditions requiring significant cash payments on these letters of credit; accordingly, they have been excluded from this table. For a further discussion, see note 3 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

(3)
Operating lease obligations include, among other items, leases for retail stores, offices, and certain computer and other business equipment. The future minimum commitments for retail store and office operating leases are $1,082.5 million. For a further discussion of leases, see note 5 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements. Many of the store lease obligations require us to pay for our applicable portion of CAM, real estate taxes, and property insurance. In connection with our store lease obligations, we estimated that future obligations for CAM, real estate taxes, and property insurance were $300.9 million at January 28, 2017. We have made certain assumptions and estimates in order to account for our contractual obligations relative to CAM, real estate taxes, and property insurance. Those assumptions and estimates include, but are not limited to: use of historical data to estimate our future obligations; calculation of our obligations based on comparable store averages where no historical data is available for a particular leasehold; and assumptions related to average expected increases over historical data.

(4)
For purposes of the lease and purchase obligation disclosures, we have assumed that we will make all payments scheduled or reasonably estimated to be made under those obligations that have a determinable expiration date, and we disregarded the possibility that such obligations may be prematurely terminated or extended, whether automatically by the terms of the obligation or by agreement between us and the counterparty, due to the speculative nature of premature termination or extension. Where an operating lease or purchase obligation is subject to a month-to-month term or another automatically renewing term, we included in the table our minimum commitment under such obligation, such as one month in the case of a month-to-month obligation and the then-current term in the case of another automatically renewing term, due to the uncertainty of future decisions to exercise options to extend or terminate any existing leases.

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(5)
Purchase obligations include outstanding purchase orders for merchandise issued in the ordinary course of our business that are valued at $416.5 million, the entirety of which represents obligations due within one year of January 28, 2017. In addition, we have purchase commitments for future inventory purchases totaling $26.6 million at January 28, 2017. While we are not required to meet any periodic minimum purchase requirements under this commitment, we have included, for purposes of this tabular disclosure, the value of the purchases that we anticipate making during each of the reported periods as purchases that will count toward our fulfillment of the aggregate obligation. The remaining $206.8 million of purchase obligations is primarily related to distribution and transportation, information technology, print advertising, energy procurement, and other store security, supply, and maintenance commitments.

(6)
Other long-term liabilities include $24.4 million for obligations related to our nonqualified deferred compensation plan and $4.2 million for unrecognized tax benefits. We have estimated the payments due by period for the nonqualified deferred compensation plan based on an average of historical distributions. We have included unrecognized tax benefits of $3.6 million for payments expected in 2017 and $0.6 million of timing-related income tax uncertainties anticipated to reverse in 2018. Unrecognized tax benefits in the amount of $15.3 million have been excluded from the table because we are unable to make a reasonably reliable estimate of the timing of future payments.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Not applicable.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period, as well as the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The use of estimates, judgments, and assumptions creates a level of uncertainty with respect to reported or disclosed amounts in our consolidated financial statements or accompanying notes. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates, judgments, and assumptions, including those that management considers critical to the accurate presentation and disclosure of our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Management bases its estimates, judgments, and assumptions on historical experience, current trends, and various other factors that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Because of the inherent uncertainty in using estimates, judgments, and assumptions, actual results may differ from these estimates.

Our significant accounting policies, including the recently adopted accounting standards and recent accounting standards - future adoptions, if any, are described in note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements. We believe the following estimates, assumptions, and judgments are the most critical to understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. Management has reviewed these critical accounting estimates and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.


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Merchandise Inventories
Merchandise inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the average cost retail inventory method. Market is determined based on the estimated net realizable value, which generally is the merchandise selling price at or near the end of the reporting period. The average cost retail inventory method requires management to make judgments and contains estimates, such as the amount and timing of markdowns to clear slow-moving inventory and the estimated allowance for shrinkage, which may impact the ending inventory valuation and prior or future gross margin. These estimates are based on historical experience and current information.

When management determines the saleability of merchandise inventories is diminished, markdowns for clearance activity and the related cost impact are recorded at the time the price change decision is made. Factors considered in the determination of markdowns include current and anticipated demand, customer preferences, the age of merchandise, and seasonal trends. Timing of holidays within fiscal periods, weather, and customer preferences could cause material changes in the amount and timing of markdowns from year to year.

The inventory allowance for shrinkage is recorded as a reduction to inventories, charged to cost of sales, and calculated as a percentage of sales for the period from the last physical inventory date to the end of the reporting period. Such estimates are based on both our current year and historical inventory results. Independent physical inventory counts are taken at each store once a year. During calendar 2017, the majority of these counts will occur between January and June. As physical inventories are completed, actual results are recorded and new go-forward shrink accrual rates are established based on historical results at the individual store level. Thus, the shrink accrual rates will be adjusted throughout the January to June inventory cycle based on actual results. At January 28, 2017, a 10% difference in our shrink reserve would have affected gross margin, operating profit and income from continuing operations before income taxes by approximately $3.7 million. While it is not possible to quantify the impact from each cause of shrinkage, we have asset protection programs and policies aimed at minimizing shrinkage.

Long-Lived Assets
Our long-lived assets primarily consist of property and equipment. We perform impairment reviews of our long-lived assets at the store level on an annual basis, or when other impairment indicators are present. Generally, all other property and equipment is reviewed for impairment at the enterprise level. When we perform our annual impairment reviews, we first determine which stores had impairment indicators present. We use actual historical cash flows to determine which stores had negative cash flows within the past two years. For each store with negative cash flows or other impairment indicators, we obtain undiscounted future cash flow estimates based on operating performance estimates specific to each store’s operations that are based on assumptions currently being used to develop our company level operating plans. If the net book value of a store’s long-lived assets is not recoverable through the expected undiscounted future cash flows of the store, we estimate the fair value of the store’s assets and recognize an impairment charge for the excess net book value of the store’s long-lived assets over their fair value. The fair value of store assets is estimated based on expected cash flows, including salvage value, which is based on information available in the marketplace for similar assets.

We identified one store, two stores, and three stores in the U.S., in 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively, with impairment indicators as a result of our annual store impairment tests. For these stores, we recognized impairment charges of $0.1 million, $0.4 million, and $0.2 million in 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. We do not believe that varying the assumptions used to test for recoverability to estimate fair value of our long-lived assets would have a material impact on the impairment charges we incurred in 2016, 2015, or 2014.

If our future operating results decline significantly, we may be exposed to impairment losses that could be material (for additional discussion of this risk, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors - A significant decline in our operating profit and taxable income may impair our ability to realize the value of our long-lived assets and deferred tax assets.”).

In addition to our annual store impairment reviews, we evaluate our other long-lived assets at each reporting period to determine whether impairment indicators are present. In 2014, we reviewed our operational needs surrounding travel and determined that our travel demands no longer merited the need to own two corporate aircraft. As a result of that decision, we placed both of our aircraft in the market as available-for-sale during 2014 and recorded impairment charges totaling $3.3 million in 2014.


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Share-Based Compensation
We currently grant non-vested restricted stock units and PSUs to our employees under shareholder approved incentive plans. Additionally, we have granted stock options and non-vested restricted stock awards in prior years. Share-based compensation expense was $33.0 million, $13.5 million, and $10.5 million in 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. Future share-based compensation expense for non-vested restricted stock units depends on the future number of awards, fair value of our common shares on the grant date, and the estimated vesting period. Future share-based compensation expense for PSUs is dependent upon the future number of awards, the estimated vesting period, the grant date of the award which may vary from the issuance date, financial results relative to the targets established for each three-year performance period, and potentially other estimates, judgments and assumptions used in arriving at the fair value of PSUs. Future share-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock units and PSUs may vary materially from the currently amortizing awards.

Compensation expense for non-vested restricted stock units is recorded over the contractual vesting period based on our expectation of achieving the performance criteria. We monitor the achievement of the performance criteria at each reporting period.

We issued PSUs to certain employees in 2014, 2015, and 2016. The PSUs issued in 2014, 2015 and 2016 were structured to reflect specific shareholder feedback and are based on a three-year financial performance period payable to associates at the end of the third year assuming certain financial performance metrics are achieved. Those financial metrics include earnings per share (“EPS”) and return on invested capital (“ROIC”). Financial performance targets (for both EPS and ROIC) are established by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors at the beginning of each fiscal year based on our approved operating plan. From an accounting perspective, a grant date will be deemed to be established when all financial targets are determined, which occurred in March 2016 and March 2017 and is estimated to occur in March 2018 for the PSUs issued in 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively. Compensation expense for the PSUs will be recorded (1) based on fair value of the award on the grant date and the estimated achievement of financial performance objectives, and (2) on a straight-line basis from the grant date, which may vary from the issuance date, through the vesting date. Accordingly, based on this accounting treatment, there was no expense recognized in fiscal 2014 or 2015, related to the PSUs issued in 2014 and 2015. On March 1, 2016, the Compensation Committee established the 2016 performance targets, which established the grant date, and, therefore, the fair value of the PSUs issued in 2014. We monitored the estimated achievement of the financial performance objectives at each reporting period end and adjusted the estimated expense on a cumulative basis. In 2016, we recognized $17.5 million in share based compensation expense related to the PSUs issued in 2014.

At January 28, 2017, PSUs issued and outstanding were as follows:
Issue Year
Outstanding PSUs at
January 28, 2017
Actual Grant Date
Expected Valuation (Grant) Date
2014
360,357
March 2016
March 2016
2015
259,042

March 2017
2016
352,196

March 2018
Total
971,595
 
 

Income Taxes
The determination of our income tax expense, refunds receivable, income taxes payable, deferred tax assets and liabilities and financial statement recognition, de-recognition and/or measurement of uncertain tax benefits (for positions taken or to be taken on income tax returns) requires significant judgment, the use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex accounting and multi-jurisdictional income tax laws.

The effective income tax rate in any period may be materially impacted by the overall level of income (loss) before income taxes, the jurisdictional mix and magnitude of income (loss), changes in the income tax laws (which may be retroactive to the beginning of the fiscal year), subsequent recognition, de-recognition and/or measurement of an uncertain tax benefit, changes in deferred tax asset valuation allowances and adjustments of a deferred tax asset or liability for enacted changes in tax laws or rates. Although we believe that our estimates are reasonable, actual results could differ from these estimates resulting in a final tax outcome that may be materially different from that which is reflected in our consolidated financial statements.


35


We evaluate our ability to recover our deferred tax assets within the jurisdiction from which they arise. We consider all available positive and negative evidence including recent financial results, projected future pretax accounting income from continuing operations and tax planning strategies (when necessary). This evaluation requires us to make assumptions that require significant judgment about the forecasts of future pretax accounting income. The assumptions that we use in this evaluation are consistent with the assumptions and estimates used to develop our consolidated operating financial plans. If we determine that a portion of our deferred tax assets, which principally represent expected future deductions or benefits, are not likely to be realized, we recognize a valuation allowance for our estimate of these benefits which we believe are not likely recoverable. Additionally, changes in tax laws, apportionment of income for state and local tax purposes, and rates could also affect recorded deferred tax assets.

We evaluate the uncertainty of income tax positions taken or to be taken on income tax returns. When a tax position meets the more-likely-than-not threshold, we recognize economic benefits associated with the position on our consolidated financial statements. The more-likely-than-not recognition threshold is a positive assertion that an enterprise believes it is entitled to economic benefits associated with a tax position. When a tax position does not meet the more-likely-than-not threshold, or in the case of those positions that do meet the threshold but are measured at less than the full benefit taken on the return, we recognize tax liabilities (or de-recognize tax assets, as the case may be). A number of years may elapse before a particular matter, for which we have de-recognized a tax benefit, is audited and fully resolved or clarified. We adjust unrecognized tax benefits and the income tax provision in the period in which an uncertain tax position is effectively or ultimately settled, the statute of limitations expires for the relevant taxing authority to examine the tax position, or as a result of the evaluation of new information that becomes available.

Insurance and Insurance-Related Reserves
We are self-insured for certain losses relating to property, general liability, workers’ compensation, and employee medical, dental, and prescription drug benefit claims, a portion of which is funded by employees. We purchase stop-loss coverage from third party insurance carriers to limit individual or aggregate loss exposures in these areas. Accrued insurance liabilities and related expenses are based on actual claims reported and estimates of claims incurred but not reported. The estimated loss accruals for claims incurred but not paid are determined by applying actuarially-based calculations taking into account historical claims payment results and known trends such as claims frequency and claims severity. Management makes estimates, judgments, and assumptions with respect to the use of these actuarially-based calculations, including but not limited to, estimated health care cost trends, estimated lag time to report and pay claims, average cost per claim, network utilization rates, network discount rates, and other factors. A 10% change in our self-insured liabilities at January 28, 2017 would have affected selling and administrative expenses, operating profit, and income from continuing operations before income taxes by approximately $7 million.

General liability and workers’ compensation liabilities are recorded at our estimate of their net present value, using a 3.5% discount rate, while other liabilities for insurance reserves are not discounted. A 1.0% change in the discount rate on these liabilities would have affected selling and administrative expenses, operating profit, and income from continuing operations before income taxes by approximately $2.3 million.

Lease Accounting
In order to recognize rent expense on our leases, we evaluate many factors to identify the lease term such as the contractual term of the lease, our assumed possession date of the property, renewal option periods, and the estimated value of leasehold improvement investments that we are required to make. Based on this evaluation, our lease term is typically the minimum contractually obligated period over which we have control of the property. This term is used because although many of our leases have renewal options, we typically do not incur an economic or contractual penalty in the event of non-renewal. Therefore, we typically use the initial minimum lease term for purposes of calculating straight-line rent, amortizing deferred rent, and recognizing depreciation expense on our leasehold improvements.



36


Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are subject to market risk from exposure to changes in interest rates on investments and on borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement that we make from time to time. We had borrowings of $106.4 million under the 2011 Credit Agreement at January 28, 2017. An increase of 1.0% in our variable interest rate on our investments and expected future borrowings would not have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.

We are subject to market risk from exposure to changes in our derivative instruments, associated with diesel fuel. At January 28, 2017, we had outstanding derivative instruments, in the form of collars, covering 4,425,000 gallons of diesel fuel. The below table provides further detail related to our current derivative instruments, associated with diesel fuel.
Calendar Year of Maturity
 
Diesel Fuel Derivatives
 
Fair Value
 
Puts
 
Calls
 
Asset (Liability)
 
 
(Gallons, in thousands)
 
(In thousands)
2017
 
3,225

 
3,225

 
$
(853
)
2018
 
1,200

 
1,200

 
(155
)
2019
 

 

 

Total
 
4,425

 
4,425

 
$
(1,008
)

Additionally, at January 28, 2017, a 10% difference in the forward curve for diesel fuel prices would affect unrealized gains (losses) in other income (expense) by approximately $1.1 million.



37


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Big Lots, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Big Lots, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of January 28, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. The Company's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the company's principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the company's board of directors, management, and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2017, based on the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended January 28, 2017 of the Company and our report dated March 28, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

Dayton, Ohio
March 28, 2017


38


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Big Lots, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Big Lots, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, shareholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 28, 2017. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Big Lots, Inc. and subsidiaries at January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 28, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2017, based on the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 28, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.


/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

Dayton, Ohio
March 28, 2017



39


BIG LOTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
2016
2015
2014
Net sales
$
5,200,439

$
5,190,582

$
5,177,078

Cost of sales (exclusive of depreciation expense shown separately below)
3,101,020

3,123,396

3,133,124

Gross margin
2,099,419

2,067,186

2,043,954

Selling and administrative expenses
1,731,006

1,708,717

1,699,764

Depreciation expense
120,440

122,737

119,702

Operating profit
247,973

235,732

224,488

Interest expense
(5,091
)
(3,683
)
(2,588
)
Other income (expense)
1,359

(5,199
)

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
244,241

226,850

221,900

Income tax expense
91,458

83,842

85,239

Income from continuing operations
152,783

143,008

136,661

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax (expense) benefit of $(14), $(135), and $13,852, respectively
45

(135
)
(22,385
)
Net income
$
152,828

$
142,873

$
114,276

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - basic
 

 

 

Continuing operations
$
3.37

$
2.83

$
2.49

Discontinued operations


(0.41
)
 
$
3.37

$
2.83

$
2.08

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - diluted
 

 

 

Continuing operations
$
3.32

$
2.81

$
2.46

Discontinued operations


(0.40
)
 
$
3.32

$
2.80

$
2.06

 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.84

$
0.76

$
0.51

 
 
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


40


BIG LOTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands)

 
2016
2015
2014
Net income
$
152,828

$
142,873

$
114,276

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation


5,022

Amortization of pension, net of tax benefit of $(886), $(702), and $(579), respectively
1,355

1,119

884

Valuation adjustment of pension, net of tax (benefit) expense of $(9,556), $1,530, and $4,613, respectively
14,622

(2,440
)
(7,051
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
15,977

(1,321
)
(1,145
)
Comprehensive income
$
168,805

$
141,552

$
113,131


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.



41


BIG LOTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value)
 
January 28, 2017
 
January 30, 2016
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
51,164

 
$
54,144

Inventories
858,689

 
849,982

Other current assets
84,526

 
90,306

Total current assets
994,379

 
994,432

Property and equipment - net
525,851

 
559,924

Deferred income taxes
46,469

 
47,739

Other assets
41,008

 
38,275

Total assets
$
1,607,707

 
$
1,640,370

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
400,495

 
$
382,277

Property, payroll, and other taxes
81,306

 
76,568

Accrued operating expenses
71,251

 
81,756

Insurance reserves
40,269

 
40,661

Accrued salaries and wages
54,009

 
72,250

Income taxes payable
31,265

 
24,936

Total current liabilities
678,595

 
678,448

Long-term obligations
106,400

 
62,300

Deferred rent
56,035

 
59,454

Insurance reserves
56,593

 
58,359

Unrecognized tax benefits
15,853

 
17,789

Other liabilities
43,601

 
43,550

Shareholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred shares - authorized 2,000 shares; $0.01 par value; none issued

 

Common shares - authorized 298,000 shares; $0.01 par value; issued 117,495 shares; outstanding 44,259 shares and 49,101 shares, respectively
1,175

 
1,175

Treasury shares - 73,236 shares and 68,394 shares, respectively, at cost
(2,291,379
)
 
(2,063,091
)
Additional paid-in capital
617,516

 
588,124

Retained earnings
2,323,318

 
2,210,239

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 
(15,977
)
Total shareholders’ equity
650,630

 
720,470

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
1,607,707

 
$
1,640,370

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

42


BIG LOTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(In thousands)
 
Common
Treasury
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
Shares
Amount
Shares
Amount
Total
Balance - February 1, 2014
57,548

$
1,175

59,947

$
(1,670,041
)
$
562,447

$
2,021,357

$
(13,511
)
$
901,427

Comprehensive income





114,276

(1,145
)
113,131

Dividends declared ($0.51 per share)





(28,533
)

(28,533
)
Purchases of common shares
(6,122
)

6,122

(250,671
)



(250,671
)
Exercise of stock options
1,389


(1,389
)
39,440

3,166



42,606

Restricted shares vested
70


(70
)
1,995

(1,995
)



Performance shares vested
25


(25
)
716

(716
)



Tax benefit from share-based awards




994



994

Share activity related to deferred compensation plan
2


(2
)
38

24



62

Share-based employee compensation expense




10,534



10,534

Balance - January 31, 2015
52,912

1,175

64,583

(1,878,523
)
574,454

2,107,100

(14,656
)
789,550

Comprehensive income





142,873

(1,321
)
141,552

Dividends declared ($0.76 per share)





(39,734
)

(39,734
)
Purchases of common shares
(4,403
)

4,403

(201,867
)



(201,867
)
Exercise of stock options
450


(450
)
13,149

3,134



16,283

Restricted shares vested
128


(128
)
3,747

(3,747
)



Performance shares vested








Tax benefit from share-based awards




687



687

Share activity related to deferred compensation plan
1


(1
)
19

4



23

Other
13


(13
)
384

113



497

Share-based employee compensation expense




13,479



13,479

Balance - January 30, 2016
49,101

1,175

68,394

(2,063,091
)
588,124

2,210,239

(15,977
)
720,470

Comprehensive income





152,828

15,977

168,805

Dividends declared ($0.84 per share)





(39,749
)

(39,749
)
Purchases of common shares
(5,685
)

5,685

(254,304
)



(254,304
)
Exercise of stock options
573


(573
)
17,834

3,822



21,656

Restricted shares vested
252


(252
)
7,649

(7,649
)



Performance shares vested
13


(13
)
394

(394
)



Tax benefit from share-based awards




510



510

Share activity related to deferred compensation plan



3

6



9

Other
5


(5
)
136

68



204

Share-based employee compensation expense




33,029



33,029

Balance - January 28, 2017
44,259

$
1,175

73,236

$
(2,291,379
)
$
617,516

$
2,323,318

$

$
650,630

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

43


BIG LOTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)

 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
152,828

 
$
142,873

 
$
114,276

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization expense
108,315

 
108,054

 
105,849

Deferred income taxes
(9,171
)
 
(617
)
 
22,628

Non-cash share-based compensation expense
33,029

 
13,479

 
10,534

Excess tax benefit from share-based awards
(1,111
)
 
(1,330
)
 
(3,776
)
Non-cash impairment charge
100

 
386

 
3,532

(Gain) loss on disposition of property and equipment
(2,899
)
 
1,464

 
2,759

Unrealized (gain) loss on fuel derivatives
(3,657
)
 
4,665

 

Pension expense, net of contributions
6,644

 
(5,312
)
 
4,190

Change in assets and liabilities, excluding effects of foreign currency adjustments:
 

 
 
 
 

Inventories
(8,707
)
 
1,687

 
63,336

Accounts payable
18,217

 
23,345

 
(6,864
)
Current income taxes
12,391

 
29,305

 
(21,549
)
Other current assets
34

 
(12,189
)
 
3,181

Other current liabilities
(4,789
)
 
22,282

 
20,718

Other assets
(3,976
)
 
3,806

 
3,206

Other liabilities
14,677

 
10,454

 
(3,458
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
311,925

 
342,352

 
318,562

Investing activities: