EX-10.2 3 cdr-ex102_357.htm EX-10.2 cdr-ex102_357.htm

Exhibit 10.2

SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN AGREEMENT

Dated as of September 8, 2017

Among

CEDAR REALTY TRUST PARTNERSHIP, L.P.
as Borrower

THE LENDERS FROM TIME TO TIME PARTY HERETO

KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Administrative Agent

KEYBANC CAPITAL MARKETS, CAPITAL ONE, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

MANUFACTURERS AND TRADERS TRUST COMPANY and REGIONS CAPITAL MARKETS
as Joint- Lead Arrangers and Joint-Bookrunners

TD BANK, N.A.,

as Documentation Agent

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

1.

DEFINITIONS

1

 

 

 

 

1.1

Defined Terms.

1

 

1.2

Other Interpretive Provisions.

25

 

1.3

Accounting Terms.

25

 

1.4

Rounding

25

 

1.5

Times of Day.

26

 

 

 

2.

LOAN PROVISIONS.

26

 

 

 

 

2.1

General Loan Provisions.

26

 

 

2.1.1

Loans.

26

 

 

2.1.2

Procedures and Limits

27

 

 

2.1.3

Funding Procedures

28

 

2.2

Term of Loan.

28

 

 

2.2.1

Tranche A Term Facility

28

 

 

2.2.2

Tranche B Term Facility

28

 

 

2.2.3

Tranche C Term Facility

28

 

 

2.2.4

Tranche D Term Facility

28

 

 

2.2.5

Termination of Commitments

28

 

2.3

Interest Rate and Payment Terms

29

 

 

2.3.1

Borrower’s Options

29

 

 

2.3.2

Selection To Be Made

29

 

 

2.3.3

Notice

29

 

 

2.3.4

If No Notice

29

 

 

2.3.5

Telephonic Notice

29

 

 

2.3.6

Limits On Options

29

 

 

2.3.7

Payment and Calculation of Interest

30

 

 

2.3.8

Mandatory Principal Payments.

30

 

 

2.3.9

Prepayment

30

 

 

2.3.10

Maturity

30

 

 

2.3.11

Method of Payment; Date of Credit; Administrative Agent’s Clawback.

30

 

 

2.3.12

Billings

32

 

 

2.3.13

Default Rate.

32

 

 

2.3.14

Late Charges

32

 

 

2.3.15

Breakage Fee

32

 

 

2.3.16

Borrower Information

32

 

2.4

Loan Fees.

33

 

 

2.4.1

Loan Fees

33

 

 

2.4.2

Payment of Fees Generally

33

 

2.5

Intentionally Omitted.

33

 

2.6

Additional Provisions Related to Interest Rate Selection.

33

 

 

2.6.1

Increased Costs

33

 

 

2.6.2

Capital Requirements

33

 

 

2.6.3

Illegality

34

 

 

2.6.4

Availability

34

 

 

2.6.5

Base Rate Advances

34

 

 

2.6.6

Delay in Requests

34

 

 

2.6.7

Mitigation.

34

 

 

2.6.8

Survival

35

 

 

2.6.9

Taxes

35

 

2.7

Intentionally Omitted.

35

 

2.8

Taxes.

45

i


 

 

2.8.1

Payments Free of Taxes; Obligation to Withhold; Payments on Account of Taxes.

35

 

 

2.8.2

Payment of Other Taxes by the Borrower

35

 

 

2.8.3

Tax Indemnifications.

35

 

 

2.8.4

Evidence of Payments

36

 

 

2.8.5

Status of Lenders; Tax Documentation.

36

 

 

2.8.6

Treatment of Certain Refunds

38

 

2.9

Defaulting Lenders.

38

 

 

2.9.1

Adjustments

38

 

 

2.9.2

Defaulting Lender Cure

38

 

 

 

3.

BORROWING BASE PROPERTIES.

39

 

 

 

 

3.1

Loan Documents

39

 

3.2

Removal of Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property - Borrower

39

 

 

3.2.1

Borrowing Base Compliance

39

 

 

3.2.2

Financial Covenant Compliance

39

 

 

3.2.3

No Default Upon Release

39

 

 

3.2.4

No Default Prior to Release

39

 

 

3.2.5

[Reserved].

39

 

 

3.2.6

Payment of Fees

40

 

3.3

Removal of Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property - Administrative Agent.

40

 

 

3.3.1

Removal Criteria

40

 

 

3.3.2

[Reserved].

40

 

 

3.3.3

Release by Administrative Agent

40

 

3.4

Additional Borrowing Base Property

40

 

 

 

4.

CONTINUING AUTHORITY OF AUTHORIZED OFFICERS.

41

 

 

 

5.

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT.

41

 

 

 

 

5.1

Closing Loan and Funding Initial Loan Advance

41

 

 

5.1.1

Satisfactory Loan Documents

41

 

 

5.1.2

Financial Information; No Material Change.

41

 

 

5.1.3

Representations and Warranties Accurate

42

 

 

5.1.4

Lien Searches

42

 

 

5.1.5

Litigation

42

 

 

5.1.6

Formation Documents and Entity Agreements

42

 

 

5.1.7

Compliance With Laws

42

 

 

5.1.8

Compliance With Financial Covenants

42

 

 

5.1.9

Borrowing Base Property Due Diligence

42

 

 

5.1.10

Condition of Property

43

 

 

5.1.11

Third Party Consents and Agreements

43

 

 

5.1.12

Legal and other Opinions

43

 

 

5.1.13

Intentionally Omitted.

43

 

 

5.1.14

No Default

43

 

5.2

Conditions to all Credit Extensions

43

 

 

5.2.1

Financial Covenant Compliance

43

 

 

5.2.2

No Default

43

 

 

5.2.3

Loan Notice

43

 

 

 

6.

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.

43

 

 

 

 

6.1

Formation

44

 

6.2

Proceedings; Enforceability

44

 

6.3

Conflicts

44

 

6.4

Ownership and Taxpayer Identification Numbers

44

 

6.5

Litigation

44

 

6.6

Information

44

 

6.7

Taxes

44

ii


 

6.8

Financial Information

45

 

6.9

Control Provisions

45

 

6.10

Formation Documents

45

 

6.11

Bankruptcy Filings

45

 

6.12

Investment Company

45

 

6.13

[Reserved].

45

 

6.14

Borrowing Base Properties.

45

 

 

6.14.1

Licenses and Permits

45

 

 

6.14.2

Ownership

45

 

 

6.14.3

Environmental Matters

46

 

 

6.14.4

Leases

46

 

 

6.14.5

Ground Lease

46

 

 

6.14.6

Casualty/Condemnation

46

 

 

6.14.7

Property Condition

46

 

6.15

Margin Regulations; Use of Proceeds

46

 

6.16

Insurance

47

 

6.17

Deferred Compensation and ERISA

47

 

6.18

Anti-Corruption; OFAC; Designated Jurisdictions.

47

 

 

6.18.1

Anti-Corruption.

47

 

 

6.18.2

OFAC; Designated Jurisdictions

47

 

6.19

No Default

47

 

6.20

Governmental Authorizations; Other Consents

47

 

6.21

Qualification as a REIT

47

 

6.22

Compliance with Laws

48

 

6.23

Property Matters.

48

 

 

6.23.1

Major Leases

48

 

 

6.23.2

Borrowing Base Properties

48

 

6.24

Solvency

48

 

6.25

Regarding Representations and Warranties

48

 

 

 

7.

AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS.

49

 

 

 

 

7.1

Notices

49

 

7.2

Financial Statements; Reports; Officer’s Certificates

49

 

 

7.2.1

Annual Statements

49

 

 

7.2.2

Periodic Statements

49

 

 

7.2.3

Borrowing Base Property Reports

49

 

 

7.2.4

SEC Reports

50

 

 

7.2.5

Compliance Certificates

50

 

 

7.2.6

Data Requested

50

 

 

7.2.7

Tax Returns

50

 

 

7.2.8

[Reserved.]

50

 

 

7.2.9

[Reserved.]

50

 

 

7.2.10

Entity Notices

50

 

 

7.2.11

Property Acquisition or Sale

50

 

 

7.2.12

Property Finance

50

 

 

7.2.13

Notice of Litigation

51

 

7.3

Existence

51

 

7.4

Payment of Taxes

51

 

7.5

Insurance.

52

 

 

7.5.1

Insurance

52

 

 

7.5.2

Notice of Damage

52

 

7.6

Inspection

52

 

7.7

Loan Documents

52

 

7.8

Further Assurances

52

 

7.9

Books and Records

52

 

7.10

Business and Operations

53

iii


 

7.11

Estoppel

53

 

7.12

ERISA

53

 

7.13

[Reserved].

53

 

7.14

Costs and Expenses

53

 

7.15

Indemnification

53

 

7.16

Intentionally Omitted.

53

 

7.17

Leverage Ratio

54

 

7.18

Fixed Charge Ratio

54

 

7.19

Net Worth

54

 

7.20

Secured Debt Ratio

54

 

7.21

Borrowing Base Property Covenants.

54

 

 

7.21.1

Occupancy Ratio

54

 

 

7.21.2

Retail Center

54

 

 

7.21.3

Business Strategy

54

 

 

7.21.4

Minimum Borrowing Base Properties

54

 

7.22

Variable Rate Debt

54

 

7.23

Replacement Documentation

54

 

7.24

Maintenance of REIT Status

54

 

7.25

The Lenders’ Consultants.

54

 

 

7.25.1

Right to Employ

55

 

 

7.25.2

Functions

55

 

 

7.25.3

Payment

55

 

 

7.25.4

Access

55

 

 

7.25.5

No Liability

55

 

7.26

Payment of Obligations

55

 

7.27

Compliance with Laws

55

 

 

 

8.

NEGATIVE COVENANTS.

55

 

 

 

 

8.1

No Changes to the Borrower and other Loan Parties

55

 

8.2

Restrictions on Liens

55

 

 

8.2.1

Permitted Debt

56

 

 

8.2.2

Tax Liens

56

 

 

8.2.3

Judgment Liens

56

 

 

8.2.4

Personal Property Liens

56

 

 

8.2.5

Intentionally Omitted

56

 

 

8.2.6

Easements, etc

56

 

 

8.2.7

Title Matters

56

 

8.3

Consolidations, Mergers, Sales of Assets, Issuance and Sale of Equity

56

 

 

8.3.1

Transfers

57

 

 

8.3.2

Non-Loan Parties

57

 

 

8.3.3

Loan Parties

57

 

 

8.3.4

Borrowing Base Properties

57

 

 

8.3.5

Leases

57

 

 

8.3.6

Property Transfers

57

 

 

8.3.7

Ordinary Course

57

 

 

8.3.8

With Consent

57

 

 

8.3.9

Permitted Investments

57

 

 

8.3.10

Equity Issuances

57

 

 

8.3.11

Merger of Loan Parties

57

 

 

8.3.12

Cedar-Riverview

57

 

 

8.3.13

Cedar-Revere

57

 

8.4

Restrictions on Debt

57

 

 

8.4.1

Debt under this Agreement

57

 

 

8.4.2

Unsecured Debt

58

 

 

8.4.3

Individual Property Debt

58

 

 

8.4.4

Nonrecourse Debt

58

iv


 

 

8.4.5

Ordinary Course

58

 

 

8.4.6

Capital Leases

58

 

 

8.4.7

Cross-Collateralized Debt

58

 

 

8.4.8

Other Unsecured Debt

58

 

 

8.4.9

Other Debt

58

 

8.5

Other Business

58

 

8.6

Change of Control

58

 

8.7

Forgiveness of Debt

58

 

8.8

Affiliate Transactions

58

 

8.9

ERISA

58

 

8.10

Bankruptcy Filings

58

 

8.11

Investment Company

59

 

8.12

[Reserved].

59

 

8.13

Use of Proceeds

59

 

8.14

Distributions

59

 

8.15

Restrictions on Investments

59

 

8.16

Negative Pledges, Etc.

59

 

8.17

Swap Contracts

59

 

 

 

9.

SPECIAL PROVISIONS.

60

 

 

 

 

9.1

Legal Requirements

60

 

9.2

Limited Recourse Provisions.

60

 

 

9.2.1

Borrower Fully Liable

60

 

 

9.2.2

Certain Non-Recourse

60

 

 

9.2.3

Additional Matters

60

 

9.3

Payment of Obligations

60

 

 

 

10.

EVENTS OF DEFAULT.

61

 

 

 

 

10.1

Default and Events of Default

61

 

 

10.1.1

Failure to Pay the Loan

61

 

 

10.1.2

Failure to Make Other Payments

61

 

 

10.1.3

Loan Documents

61

 

 

10.1.4

Default under Other Agreements

61

 

 

10.1.5

Representations and Warranties

61

 

 

10.1.6

Affirmative Covenants

62

 

 

10.1.7

Negative Covenants

62

 

 

10.1.8

Financial Status and Insolvency

62

 

 

10.1.9

Loan Documents

62

 

 

10.1.10

Judgments

62

 

 

10.1.11

ERISA

62

 

 

10.1.12

Change of Control

63

 

 

10.1.13

Indictment; Forfeiture

63

 

 

10.1.14

Generally

63

 

10.2

Grace Periods and Notice

63

 

 

10.2.1

No Notice or Grace Period

63

 

 

10.2.2

Nonpayment of Interest

63

 

 

10.2.3

Other Monetary Defaults

63

 

 

10.2.4

Nonmonetary Defaults Capable of Cure

63

 

 

10.2.5

Borrowing Base Property Defaults

63

 

 

 

11.

REMEDIES.

63

 

 

 

 

11.1

Remedies

63

 

 

11.1.1

Accelerate Debt

64

 

 

11.1.2

Pursue Remedies

64

 

11.2

Distribution of Liquidation Proceeds

64

v


 

11.3

Power of Attorney

64

 

 

 

12.

SECURITY INTEREST AND SET-OFF.

64

 

 

 

 

12.1

Security Interest

64

 

12.2

Set-Off/Sharing of Payments

65

 

12.3

Right to Freeze

65

 

12.4

Additional Rights

65

 

 

 

13.

THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT AND THE LENDERS.

65

 

 

 

 

13.1

Rights, Duties and Immunities of the Administrative Agent.

65

 

 

13.1.1

Appointment of Administrative Agent

65

 

 

13.1.2

No Other Duties, Etc.

65

 

 

13.1.3

Delegation of Duties

66

 

 

13.1.4

Exculpatory Provisions.

66

 

 

13.1.5

Reliance by Administrative Agent

66

 

 

13.1.6

Notice of Default

67

 

 

13.1.7

Lenders’ Credit Decisions

67

 

 

13.1.8

Administrative Agent’s Reimbursement and Indemnification

67

 

 

13.1.9

Administrative Agent in its Individual Capacity

67

 

 

13.1.10

Successor Administrative Agent

67

 

 

13.1.11

Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim

68

 

 

13.1.12

Guaranty Matters

68

 

13.2

Respecting Loans and Payments.

69

 

 

13.2.1

Adjustments

69

 

 

13.2.2

Setoff

69

 

 

13.2.3

Distribution by the Administrative Agent

69

 

 

13.2.4

Removal or Replacement of a Lender

69

 

 

13.2.5

Holders

70

 

13.3

Assignments by Lenders.

70

 

 

13.3.1

Successors and Assigns Generally

70

 

 

13.3.2

Assignments by Lenders

70

 

 

13.3.3

Register

72

 

 

13.3.4

Participations

72

 

 

13.3.5

Limitations upon Participant Rights

72

 

 

13.3.6

Certain Pledges

72

 

13.4

Administrative Matters.

73

 

 

13.4.1

Amendment, Waiver, Consent, Etc.

73

 

 

13.4.2

Deemed Consent or Approval

74

 

 

 

14.

RESERVED.

75

 

 

 

15.

GENERAL PROVISIONS.

75

 

 

 

 

15.1

Notices.

75

 

15.2

Interest Rate Limitation

76

 

15.3

[Reserved].

76

 

15.4

[Reserved].

77

 

15.5

Parties Bound

77

 

15.6

Governing Law; Consent to Jurisdiction; Mutual Waiver of Jury Trial.

77

 

 

15.6.1

GOVERNING LAW

77

 

 

15.6.2

SUBMISSION TO JURISDICTION

77

 

 

15.6.3

WAIVER OF VENUE

77

 

 

15.6.4

SERVICE OF PROCESS

77

 

 

15.6.5

WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL

77

 

15.7

Survival

78

 

15.8

Cumulative Rights

78

 

15.9

Expenses; Indemnity; Damage Waiver.

78

vi


 

 

15.9.1

Costs and Expenses

78

 

 

15.9.2

Indemnification by the Borrower

78

 

 

15.9.3

Reimbursement by Lenders

79

 

 

15.9.4

Waiver of Consequential Damages, Etc.

79

 

 

15.9.5

Payments

79

 

 

15.9.6

Survival

79

 

15.10

Regarding Consents

79

 

15.11

Obligations Absolute

79

 

15.12

Table of Contents, Title and Headings

79

 

15.13

Counterparts

80

 

15.14

Satisfaction of Commitment Letter

80

 

15.15

Time Of the Essence

80

 

15.16

No Oral Change

80

 

15.17

Monthly Statements

80

 

15.18

No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility

80

 

15.19

USA PATRIOT Act

80

 

15.20

Treatment of Certain Information; Confidentiality

81

 

15.21

Amendment and Restatement

81

 

15.22

Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of EEA Financial Institutions

81

 

 


vii


SCHEDULES

 

Schedule 1.1(a)

Lenders’ Commitment

Schedule 1.1(b)

Existing Swapped Loans/Existing Swaps

Schedule 4

Authorized Officers

Schedule 6.4

Ownership Interests and Taxpayer Identification Numbers

Schedule 6.14.2

Borrowing Base Properties

Schedule 6.14.3

Environmental Reports

Schedule 6.14.5

Ground Leases

Schedule 6.23.1

Major Leases

Schedule 15.1

 

Notices

 

 


viii


EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A

Form of Loan Notice

Exhibit B

Form of Note

Exhibit C

Form of Compliance Certificate

Exhibit D

Form of Assignment and Assumption

Exhibit E

Form of Closing Compliance Certificate

Exhibit F-1

Form of CRT Guaranty Agreement

Exhibit F-2

Form of Subsidiary Guaranty Agreement

Exhibit H

Form of Cash Flow Projections

 

 

ix


THIS SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN AGREEMENT AMENDS and RESTATES IN its ENTIRETY THAT CERTAIN AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN AGREEMENT DATED AS OF February 5, 2015, as amended by that certain First Amendment TO LOAN AGREEMENT dated July 15, 2016, AMONGST CEDAR REALTY TRUST PARTNERSHIP, L.P. , THE LENDERS PARTY THERETO, AND KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, AS AGENT (the “EXISTING AGREEMENT”).

 

SECOND Amended and RESTATED LOAN AGREEMENT

This agreement (this “Loan Agreement” or “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of September 8, 2017, by and between CEDAR REALTY TRUST PARTNERSHIP, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the “Borrower”), KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION (“KeyBank”) and the several banks and other financial institutions as are, or may from time to time become parties to this Agreement (each a “Lender” and collectively, the “Lenders”), KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, as administrative agent for the Lenders (the “Administrative Agent”), KEYBANC CAPITAL MARKETS CAPITAL ONE, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, MANUFACTURERS AND TRADERS TRUST COMPANY and REGIONS CAPITAL MARKETS as Joint Lead Arrangers and Joint Bookrunners, and TD BANK, N.A., as Documentation Agent.

WITNESSETH:

WHEREAS, the Borrower has entered into the Existing Facility (as hereinafter defined) and has requested that the Lenders amend and restate the Existing Facility to, among other things, increase the amount of the Loan by adding a  Tranche C Term Facility and a Tranche D Term Facility (as such terms are hereinafter defined); and

WHEREAS, the Lenders have so agreed to amend and restate the Existing Facility so as to provide to the Borrower both a Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility on and subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein; and

WHEREAS, each lender party to the Existing Facility has become a Lender under this Agreement or has been paid in full all principal, interest, fees and other amounts owing to it under the Existing Facility.

NOW, THEREFORE, IN CONSIDERATION of the premises and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:

1. DEFINITIONS.

a. Defined Terms.

As used in this Loan Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings specified below unless the context otherwise requires:

Act” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.19.

Additional Borrowing Base Request” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.4.

Adjusted Capitalized Value” shall mean with respect to any Borrowing Base Property, the most recent fiscal quarter Adjusted Net Operating Income for such Borrowing Base Property, annualized, capitalized at the Capitalization Rate.

Adjusted FFO” shall mean, for CRT and its Consolidated Subsidiaries, net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from (i) debt restructurings, (ii) sales of real property, and (iii) extraordinary and/or nonrecurring items, plus real estate related depreciation and amortization and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures, as set forth in more detail under the definitions and interpretations

1


thereof relative to funds from operations promulgated by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts or its successor.

Adjusted Net Operating Income” shall mean, for any period of determination, for any Individual Property, the Pro Rata Share of (i) Net Operating Income, less (ii) management fees (calculated as the greater of either three percent (3%) of total revenue or actual management expenses incurred), to the extent not already deducted from Net Operating Income, less (iii) allowances for capital expenditures in the amount of $0.20 per annum per rentable square foot of completed improvements.

Administrative Agent” shall mean, KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, acting as agent for the Lenders, together with its successors and assigns.

Administrative Agent’s Office” shall mean the Administrative Agent’s address and, as appropriate, account as set forth in Section 15.1, or such other address or account as the Administrative Agent may from time to time notify to the Borrower and the Lenders

Administrative Questionnaire” shall mean an Administrative Questionnaire in a form supplied by the Administrative Agent.

Advance Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.2(a).

Affiliate” shall mean, with respect to any Person, another Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the Person specified.

Agent Parties” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.1(c).

Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Anti-Corruption Laws” means the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 and similar, applicable legislation in other jurisdictions.

Applicable Margin” shall mean, for any day, with respect to any LIBO Rate Advances under the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility, or Base Rate Advances under the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility, as the case may be, the applicable rate per annum set forth below under the caption “Tranche A LIBO Rate Advances”, “Tranche A Base Rate Advances”, “Tranche B LIBO Rate Advances”, “Tranche B Base Rate Advances”, “Tranche C LIBO Rate Advances”, “Tranche C Base Rate Advances”, “Tranche D LIBO Rate Advances”, or “Tranche D Base Rate Advances”:

Level

Leverage Ratio

Tranche A

LIBO Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche A

Base Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche B

LIBO Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche B

Base Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

1

≥ 55.0% but < 60.0%

2.25%

1.25%

1.90%

0.90%

2

≥ 50.0% but < 55.0%

1.95%

0.95%

1.60%

0.60%

3

≥ 45.0% but < 50.0%

1.80%

0.80%

1.45%

0.45%

4

< 45.0%

1.70%

0.70%

1.30%

0.30%

 

Level

Leverage Ratio

Tranche C

LIBO Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche C

Base Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche D

LIBO Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

Tranche D

Base Rate Advances

Applicable Margin

1

≥ 55.0% but < 60.0%

1.90%

0.90%

1.90%

0.90%

2

≥ 50.0% but < 55.0%

1.60%

0.60%

1.60%

0.60%

3

≥ 45.0% but < 50.0%

1.45%

0.45%

1.45%

.0.45%

4

< 45.0%

1.30%

0.30%

1.30%

0.30%

 

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Each change in the applicable LIBO Rate Advances Applicable Margin or the Base Rate Advances Applicable Margin, as the case may be, shall apply during the period commencing on the date of the most recent Compliance Certificate delivered to the Administrative Agent and ending on the date of receipt of the next Compliance Certificate.  If a Compliance Certificate is not delivered to the Administrative Agent in accordance with the terms hereof, the Applicable Margin shall be deemed to be based on Level 1 until the required Compliance Certificate is delivered to the Administrative Agent.  The provisions of this definition shall be subject to Section 2.3.16.

Approved Fund” shall mean any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender.

Arranger” shall mean, collectively, KeyBanc Capital Markets, Capital One, National Association, Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company and Regions Capital Markets.

Assignee Group” shall mean two or more Eligible Assignees that are Affiliates of one another or two or more Approved Funds managed by the same investment advisor.

Assignment and Assumption” shall mean an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 13.3, and accepted by the Administrative Agent), in substantially the form of Exhibit D or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent.

Authorized Officer” shall mean, with respect to any Loan Party, the Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, the Chief Operating Officer, the Vice President of Operations and their respective successors, it being understood that one individual may hold the office of Chief Operating Officer and Vice President of Operations.  

Bail-In Action” shall mean the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable EEA Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an EEA Financial Institution.

Bail-In Legislation” shall mean, with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

Base Rate” shall mean for any day a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of (a) the Federal Funds Rate plus one half of 1% (0.50%), or (b) the Prime Rate in effect for such day.  “Prime Rate” shall mean the rate of interest in effect for such day as publicly announced from time to time by KeyBank as its “prime rate.”  The “prime rate” is a rate set by KeyBank based upon various factors including KeyBank’s costs and desired return, general economic conditions and other factors, and is used as a reference point for pricing some loans, which may be priced at, above, or below such announced rate.  Any change in such rate announced by KeyBank shall take effect at the opening of business on the day specified in the public announcement of such change.  

Base Rate Advance” shall mean any principal amount outstanding under this Agreement which pursuant to this Agreement bears interest at the Base Rate Accrual Rate.

Base Rate Accrual Rate” shall mean the greater of (a) the Base Rate plus the Applicable Margin or (b) the LIBO Rate (as specified in clause (b) of the definition thereof) plus the Applicable Margin for the corresponding LIBO Rate Advance had such advance been a LIBO Rate Advance.

Book Value” shall mean the value of such property or asset, as determined in accordance with GAAP.

Borrower” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Borrower Materials” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.13.

Borrower Subsidiaries” shall mean, individually and collectively, all of the Subsidiaries of the Borrower and/or CRT.

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Borrower Termination Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.3.

Borrowing Base Property” and “Borrowing Base Properties” shall mean, the Individual Properties initially listed in Schedule 6.14.2(i) hereto, plus any Individual Property which subsequently becomes a Borrowing Base Property in accordance with Section 3.4 hereof, but excluding (i) any Borrowing Base Property which is determined by the Administrative Agent to no longer be a Borrowing Base Property in accordance with Section 3.3, hereof, or (ii) any Borrowing Base Property which is released in accordance with Section 3.2 hereof.

Borrowing Base Property Owner” and “Borrowing Base Property Owners” shall mean, from time to time, the Wholly-Owned Subsidiary or Subsidiaries of the Borrower or CRT (or an Unconsolidated CRT Entity to the extent approved by the Administrative Agent) which is or are the owner or owners of the fee simple interest in, or the approved ground lessee of, a Borrowing Base Property or the Borrowing Base Properties.

Borrowing Base Property Requirements” shall mean the requirements, with respect to any Individual Property, set forth below:

(a) The Individual Property satisfies all Eligibility Criteria or is otherwise approved by the Required Lenders.

(b) Each applicable Loan Party has executed and delivered to the Administrative Agent a Guaranty.

(c) The Individual Property is owned in fee simple or ground leased pursuant to a Ground Lease by a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower, except as otherwise approved by the Administrative Agent.

(d) The Administrative Agent shall have received and completed a satisfactory review of such due diligence as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require (with the Borrower delivering such diligence to the Administrative Agent for delivery to the Lenders) with respect to any Individual Property (with the Administrative Agent agreeing to use reasonable efforts to utilize any due diligence previously submitted by the Borrower and received by the Administrative Agent pursuant to the Existing Facility), including, without limitation:

(i) To the extent in Borrower’s files, a copy of the owner’s title insurance policy or other evidence of the status of title to the Individual Property reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Agent’s counsel; and

(ii) To the extent requested by the Administrative Agent, copies of all Major Leases; and

(iii) To the extent in the Borrower’s files, a current environmental Phase I Site Assessment performed by a firm reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent within six (6) months of submission to the Administrative Agent, which indicates the property is free from recognized hazardous materials or substances apparent from the inspection, or affected by such environmental matters as may be reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.

Borrowing Base Value” shall mean, as of the most recent Compliance Certificate or Borrowing Base Property report, as applicable, delivered to the Administrative Agent, the sum of for all Borrowing Base Properties, (a) the lesser of (i) sixty percent (60%) of the Adjusted Capitalized Value of all such Borrowing Base Properties, or (ii) the Implied Loan Amount for all such Borrowing Base Properties, less (b) all Unsecured Debt of CRT and its Subsidiaries (excluding the Total Outstandings); provided, however, for purposes of calculating Borrowing Base Value, (x) the Borrowing Base Value from any single Borrowing Base Property shall not exceed fifteen percent (15%) of the total Borrowing Base Value and any Borrowing Base Value from such Borrowing Base Asset in excess of fifteen percent (15%) shall be excluded from the calculation of total Borrowing Base Value, and (y) aggregate rents from any single tenant or affiliate group of tenants may not exceed twenty five percent (25%) of the total rents of CRT and its Subsidiaries, and any rents from such tenants or affiliated group in excess of twenty five percent (25%) shall be excluded from the calculation of total Borrowing Base Value.  

Breakage Fee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.3.15.

4


Business Day” shall mean any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the Laws of, or are in fact closed in, New York, New York or the state where the Administrative Agent’s Office is located and, if such day relates to any LIBO Rate Advance, shall mean any such day on which dealings in Dollar deposits are conducted by and between banks in the London interbank eurodollar market.  Further, payments shall be due on the first Business Day of each calendar month

Calculation Date” shall mean the last day of each calendar quarter commencing with September 30, 2017.

Calculation Period” shall mean for each Calculation Date, the just completed calendar quarter (inclusive of the applicable Calculation Date).

Capital Stock” shall mean (i) with respect to any Person that is a corporation, any and all shares, interests, participations or other equivalents (however designated and whether or not voting) of corporate stock, including without limitation, each class or series of common stock and preferred stock of such Person and (ii) with respect to any Person that is not a corporation, any and all investment units, partnership, membership or other equity interests of such Person.

Capitalization Rate” shall be equal to seven percent (7.00%).

Cash Flow Projections” shall mean a detailed schedule of all cash Distributions projected to be made to the Borrower from the Borrower Subsidiaries, as detailed on the model delivered to the Administrative Agent prior to the Closing Date (attached hereto as Exhibit H), and subject to change as shall be detailed in the respective Officer’s Certificate to be provided to the Administrative Agent as set forth herein, as may be requested by Administrative Agent from time to time.

CFTC” means the Commodity and Futures Trading Commission, and any successor thereto.

CFTC Regulations” means any and all regulations, rules, directives, or orders now or hereafter promulgated or issued by CFTC relating to Swap Contracts.

Change in Law” shall mean the occurrence, after the Closing Date, of any of the following:  (a) the adoption or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) the making or issuance of any request, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (i) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines and directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (ii) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a “Change in Law”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.

Change of Control” shall mean the occurrence of any of the following:

(a) The acquisition by any Person, or “group” (within the meaning of Sections 13(d) and 14(d)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) of Persons acting in concert, of beneficial ownership (within the meaning of Rule 13d-3 of the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), directly or indirectly, of 50% or more of the outstanding shares of voting stock of CRT, other than short term acquisitions necessary in connection with the ultimate sale or other offerings of equity interests otherwise permitted hereunder;

(b) During any period of twelve (12) consecutive calendar months, individuals:

(1) Who were directors of CRT on the first day of such period; or

5


(2) Whose election or nomination for election to the board of directors of CRT was recommended or approved by at least a majority of the directors then still in office who were directors of CRT on the first day of such period, or whose election or nomination for election was so approved,

shall cease to constitute a majority of the board of directors of CRT; or

(c) CRT shall cease to be the sole general partner of Borrower; or

(d) CRT shall cease to own a minimum of 50% of the beneficial ownership interest in the Borrower, or

(e) With respect to any Borrowing Base Property Owner, the transfer of any ownership interest therein such that such Borrowing Base Property Owner is not a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower or CRT.

Closing Compliance Certificate” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1.2(b).

Closing Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.1.

Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and the regulations promulgated and rulings issued thereunder.  Section references to the Code are to the Code, as in effect at the date of this Agreement and any subsequent provisions of the Code, amendatory thereof, supplemental thereto or substituted therefor.

Combined EBITDA” shall mean the sum of the Pro Rata Share of EBITDA for each Consolidated CRT Entity and each Unconsolidated CRT Entity.

Commitment” shall mean, with respect to each Lender, the aggregate amount of such Lender’s Tranche A Term Commitment, Tranche B Term Commitment, Tranche C Term Commitment, and Tranche D Term Commitment.

Commitment Letter” shall mean that certain Confidential Summary of Terms and Conditions, dated as of July, 2017, by and among the Borrower and KeyBank.

Commitment Percentage” shall mean with respect to any Lender at any time, the percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) of, as applicable, the Total Tranche A Term Commitments, the Total Tranche B Term Commitments, the Total Tranche C Term Commitments or the Total Tranche D Term Commitments represented by such Lender’s Commitment at such time.  If the commitment of each Lender to make Loan Advances has been terminated pursuant to Section 11.2 or if the Tranche A Term Commitments, Tranche B Term Commitments, Tranche C Term Commitments or Tranche D Term Commitments have expired, then the Commitment Percentage of each Lender shall be determined based on the Commitment Percentage of such Lender most recently in effect, giving effect to any subsequent assignments.  The initial Commitment Percentage of each Lender is set forth opposite the name of such Lender on Schedule 1.1(a) or in the Assignment and Assumption pursuant to which such Lender becomes a party hereto, as applicable.

Commodity Exchange Act” means the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq.), as amended from time to time, and any successor statute.

Compliance Certificate” shall mean a compliance certificate in the form of Exhibit C.

Consolidated” or “Consolidating” shall mean consolidated or consolidating as defined in accordance with GAAP.

Consolidated CRT Entity” or “Consolidated CRT Entities” shall mean, singly and collectively, the Borrower, CRT, and any Subsidiary of the Borrower or CRT that is Consolidated.

6


Control” shall mean the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise.  “Controlling” and “Controlled” have meanings correlative thereto.

Credit Extension” shall mean a Loan Advance.

CRT” shall mean Cedar Realty Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation.

Debt” shall mean, with respect to any Person, without duplication, (i) all indebtedness of such Person for borrowed money, (ii) all indebtedness of such Person for the deferred purchase price of property or services (other than property and services purchased, and expense accruals and deferred compensation items arising, in the ordinary course of business), (iii) all obligations of such Person evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or other similar instruments (other than performance, surety and appeal bonds arising in the ordinary course of business), (iv) all indebtedness of such Person created or arising under any conditional sale or other title retention agreement with respect to property acquired by such Person (even though the rights and remedies of the seller or lender under such agreement in the event of default are limited to repossession or sale of such property), (v) all obligations of such Person under leases which have been, or should be, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, recorded as capital leases, to the extent required to be so recorded, (vi) all reimbursement, payment or similar obligations of such Person, contingent or otherwise, under acceptance, letter of credit or similar facilities (other than letters of credit in support of trade obligations or in connection with workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance, old-age pensions and other social security benefits in the ordinary course of business), (vii) any Guarantee of any indebtedness or other obligation of any Person, either directly or indirectly, of indebtedness described in clauses (i) through (vi), and (viii) all Debt referred to in clauses (i) through (vii) above secured by (or for which the holder of such Debt has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Lien, security interest or other charge or encumbrance upon or in property (including, without limitation, accounts and contract rights) owned by such Person, even though such Person has not assumed or become liable for the payment of such Debt.  For the purposes of the calculation of the Financial Covenants, Debt of any entity in which a Person owns an ownership interest shall be calculated on its Pro Rata Share of such Debt, unless such Person has delivered a guaranty or other indemnity in connection with such Debt creating a greater proportionate liability, in which event, such greater liability shall apply.

Debtor Relief Laws” shall mean the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws of the United States or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect and affecting the rights of creditors generally.

Default” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.1.

Default Rate” shall mean an interest rate equal to (i) the Base Rate plus (ii) the Applicable Margin, if any, applicable to Base Rate Advances plus (iii) four percent (4.0%) per annum; provided, however, that with respect to a LIBO Rate Advance, the Default Rate shall be an interest rate equal to the interest rate (including any Applicable Margin) otherwise applicable to such Loan plus four percent (4.0%) per annum.

Defaulting Lendershall mean Lender that (a) has failed to (i) fund all or any portion of its Loans within two (2) Business Days of the date such Loans or participations were required to be funded hereunder unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied, or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder within two (2) Business Days of the date when due, (b) has notified the Borrower or the Administrative Agent in writing that it does not intend to comply with its funding obligations hereunder, or has made a public statement to that effect (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) cannot be satisfied), (c) has failed, within three (3) Business Days after written request by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, to confirm in writing to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that it will comply with its funding obligations hereunder (provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such

7


written confirmation by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower), or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, (i) become the subject of a proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, (ii) had appointed for it a receiver, custodian, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or assets, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other state or federal regulatory authority acting in such a capacity, or (iii) become the subject of a Bail-In Action; provided that a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any equity interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof by a governmental authority so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such governmental authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender.  Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under clauses (a) through (d) above shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender upon delivery of written notice of such determination to the Borrower and each Lender.

Designated Jurisdiction” means any country or territory to the extent that such country or territory itself is the subject of any Sanction (including, as of the date of this Agreement, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria).

Development Assets” shall mean Individual Properties as to which construction of the associated or contemplated improvements has commenced (either new construction or substantial renovation) but has not yet been completed such that a certificate of occupancy (or the local equivalent) for a substantial portion of the intended improvements has not yet been issued or, for any completed project, until one hundred eighty (180) days after completion.  

Distribution” shall mean, with respect to any Person, that such Person has paid a dividend or returned any equity capital to its stockholders, members or partners or made any other distribution, payment or delivery of property (other than common stock or partnership or membership interests of such Person) or cash to its stockholders, members or partners as such, or redeemed, retired, purchased or otherwise acquired, directly or indirectly, for a consideration any shares of any class of its capital stock or any membership or partnership interests (or any options or warrants issued by such Person with respect to its capital stock or membership or partnership interests), or shall have permitted any of its Subsidiaries to purchase or otherwise acquire for a consideration any shares of any class of the capital stock or any membership or partnership interests of such Person (or any options or warrants issued by such Person with respect to its capital stock or membership or partnership interests).  Without limiting the foregoing, “Distributions” with respect to any Person shall also include all payments made by such Person with respect to any stock appreciation rights, plans, equity incentive or achievement plans or any similar plans.

Dollars” shall mean lawful money of the United States.

EBITDA” shall mean for any Person the sum of (i) net income (or loss), plus (ii) actual interest paid or payable respecting all Debt to the extent included as an expense in the calculation of net income (or loss), plus (iii) total Tax Expenses to the extent included as an expense in the calculation of net income (or loss), plus (iv) total depreciation and amortization expense, to the extent included as an expense in the calculation of net income (or loss), plus (v) losses from extraordinary items, nonrecurring items, asset sales, write-ups or forgiveness of debt, to the extent included as an expense in the calculation of net income, minus (vi) gains from extraordinary items, nonrecurring items, asset sales, write-ups or forgiveness of debt, to the extent included as income in the calculation of net income, minus (vii) allowances for capital expenditures in the amount of $0.20 per annum per rentable square foot of improvements, adjusted (viii) for the elimination of straight line rents, all of the foregoing as determined in accordance with GAAP, as appropriate, minus (ix) to the extent not deducted in calculating net income (or loss), Ground Lease Payments (except to the extent of any portion of such payment which is treated as a payment under a capital lease in accordance with GAAP).  Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in determining EBITDA, net income shall include as income, Rent Loss Proceeds.

EEA Financial Institution” shall mean (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a Subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

8


EEA Member Country” shall mean any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

EEA Resolution Authority” shall mean any public administrative authority or any Person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

Eligibility Criteria” shall mean the following criteria which must be satisfied in a manner acceptable to the Administrative Agent for each Borrowing Base Property:

(a) The Borrowing Base Property is a completed retail center located within the contiguous United States within one of CRT’s then current core markets, and being owned by a Borrowing Base Property Owner and managed by the Borrower;

(b) The Borrowing Base Property is of a scope and of an asset quality consistent with CRT’s other grocery-anchored properties or such other retail center-related assets as is approved by the Administrative Agent;

(c) The Borrower provides reasonably acceptable historical operating and leasing information;

(d) The Borrower provides a certification as to the absence of any material environmental issues;

(e) The Borrower provides certification as to the absence of any material structural issues; and

(f) No security interests, liens or other encumbrances shall exist on the Borrowing Base Property upon its inclusion as a Borrowing Base Property, other than Permitted Liens.

Eligible Assignee” shall mean any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 13.3.2 (including the requirements or limitations set forth in Sections 13.3.2(c), (e) and (f), subject to such consents, if any, as may be required under Section 13.3.2(c)).

Environmental Report” shall mean, each of the environmental reports listed on Schedule 6.14.3 hereto, plus any environmental report delivered to Administrative Agent in connection with the addition of a Borrowing Base Property in accordance with Section 3.4 hereof.

Environmental Legal Requirements” shall mean any and all applicable Federal, state and local statutes, laws, regulations, ordinances, rules, judgments, orders, decrees, permits, concessions, grants, franchises, licenses, agreements or governmental restrictions relating to pollution and the protection of the environment or the release of any materials into the environment, including those related to hazardous substances or wastes, air emissions and discharges to waste or public systems, as the same now exists or may be changed or amended or come into effect in the future, which pertains to any Hazardous Material or the environment including ground or air or water or noise pollution or contamination, and underground or aboveground tanks.

ERISA” shall mean the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time, and the regulations promulgated and rulings issued thereunder.  Section references to ERISA are to ERISA, as in effect at the date of this Agreement and any subsequent provisions of ERISA, amendatory thereof, supplemental thereto or substituted therefor.

ERISA Affiliate” shall mean each person (as defined in Section 3(9) of ERISA) which together with either Borrower or a Loan Party would be deemed to be a “single employer” (i) within the meaning of Section 414(b), (c), (m) or (o) of the Code or (ii) as a result of either Borrower or a Loan Party being or having been a general partner of such Person.

EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” shall mean the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor Person), as in effect from time to time.

9


Event of Default” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.1.

Event of Loss” shall mean, with respect to any Borrowing Base Property, any of the following: (a) any loss or destruction of, or damage to, such Borrowing Base Property; or (b) any actual condemnation, seizure or taking, by exercise of the power of eminent domain or otherwise, of such Borrowing Base Property, or confiscation of such Borrowing Base Property or the requisition of such Borrowing Base Property by a Governmental Agency or any Person having the power of eminent domain, or any voluntary transfer of such Borrowing Base Property or any portion thereof in lieu of any such condemnation, seizure or taking.

Excluded Taxes” shall mean, with respect to the Administrative Agent, any Lender, or any other recipient of any payment to be made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower hereunder, (a) taxes imposed on or measured by its overall gross or net income (however denominated), and franchise taxes or similar taxes imposed on it (in lieu of net income taxes), by the jurisdiction (or any political subdivision thereof) under the Laws of which such recipient is organized or in which its principal office is located or, in the case of any Lender, in which its applicable Lending Office is located or with which it has a present of former connection (other than any such connection resulting from its having executed, delivered or performed its obligations or received a payment under, or enforced, this Agreement or any other Loan Document), (b) any branch profits taxes imposed by the United States or any similar tax imposed by any other jurisdiction in which the Borrower is located, (c) any backup withholding tax that is required by the Code to be withheld from amounts payable to a Lender that has failed to comply with Sections 2.8.5(b)(i), (d) in the case of a Foreign Lender (other than an assignee pursuant to a request by the Borrower under Section 13.2.4), any United States withholding tax that (i) is required to be imposed on amounts payable to such Foreign Lender pursuant to the Laws in force at the time such Foreign Lender becomes a party hereto (or designates a new Lending Office) or (ii) is attributable to such Foreign Lender’s failure or inability (other than as a result of a Change in Law) to comply with clause (ii) of Section 2.8.5(b), except to the extent that such Foreign Lender (or its assignor, if any) was entitled, at the time of designation of a new Lending Office (or assignment), to receive additional amounts from the Borrower with respect to such withholding tax pursuant to Sections 2.8.5(b) or (c), (e) any tax attributable to a failure or inability to comply with Section 2.8.5(c), and (f) any U.S. federal withholding taxes imposed under FATCA.

Existing 2016 Term Loan Facility” shall mean the term loan facility provided to Borrower by various lenders and KeyBank National Association, as administrative agent, pursuant to that certain Loan Agreement dated as of April 26, 2016, as amended by that certain First Amendment to Loan Agreement dated July 15, 2016, and various documents and instruments executed in connection therewith, as all of the foregoing have been and may hereafter be amended.

Existing Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the introduction to this Agreement.

Existing Borrowing Base Properties” shall mean the Individual Properties that are qualified as Borrowing Base Properties under the Existing Facility as of the Closing Date.

Existing Facility” shall mean the term loan credit facility provided to Borrower by various lenders and KeyBank National Association, as administrative agent, pursuant to the Existing Agreement and various documents and instruments executed in connection therewith.

Existing Swapped Loans” shall mean the term loans described on Schedule 1.1(b).

Existing Swaps” shall mean the Existing Swaps described on Schedule 1.1(b).

FATCA” shall mean Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with) and any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof.

FCPA” means the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

Federal Funds Rate” shall mean, for any day, the rate per annum equal to the weighted average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by Federal funds

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brokers on such day, as published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York; provided that (a) if such day is not a Business Day, the Federal Funds Rate for such day shall be such rate on such transactions in effect on the next preceding Business Day as so published on the next succeeding Business Day, and (b) if no such rate is so published on such next succeeding Business Day, the Federal Funds Rate for such day shall be the average rate (rounded upward, if necessary, to a whole multiple of 1/100 of 1%) charged to KeyBank on such day on such transactions as determined by the Administrative Agent.

Fee Letter” shall mean that certain fee letter, dated as of even date herewith, by and among the Borrower and KeyBank.

Financial Covenants” shall mean those covenants of the Borrower set forth in Sections 7.17, 7.18, 7.19, 7.20, and 7.22.

Fiscal Year” shall mean each twelve month period commencing on January 1 and ending on December 31.

Fixed Charges” shall mean, without duplication, the aggregate of the Pro Rata Share of all (a) Interest Expenses (excluding any interest expenses required to be capitalized under GAAP), (b) regularly scheduled principal amortization payments (other than any final “balloon” payments due at maturity) on all Debt of the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities, (c) preferred dividend payments or required Distributions (other than Distributions by the Borrower to holders of operating partnership units and Distributions by CRT to common equity holders) paid or payable by the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities, (d) any portion of a payment under a lease which is treated as a payment under a capital lease in accordance with GAAP), and (e) Tax Expenses for the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities, all of the foregoing as determined in accordance with GAAP.  

Fixed Charge Ratio” shall mean, for each Calculation Period, the ratio of (a) Combined EBITDA to (b) Fixed Charges.

Foreign Lender” shall mean any Lender that is not a United States person within the meaning of Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code.

Formation Documents” shall mean, singly and collectively, the partnership agreements, joint venture agreements, limited partnership agreements, limited liability company or operating agreements and certificates of limited partnership and certificates of formation, articles (or certificate) of incorporation and by-laws and any similar agreement, document or instrument of any Person, as amended subject to the terms and provisions hereof.

Fund” shall mean any Person (other than a natural Person) that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its activities.

Funding Evidence” shall mean, in connection with the Borrower raising the funds necessary to make any Mandatory Principal Payment to be made pursuant to Section 2.3.8, evidence in connection with (i) the sale of any asset, that the Borrower has entered into a sales agreement, letter of intent, or listed the asset for sale with a recognized broker or (ii) the financing or refinancing of an asset, that the Borrower has obtained a commitment for such financing or submitted a loan application to a recognized financial institution, the proceeds of which together with such other funds as are available to the Borrower will be sufficient to make the required payment.

GAAP” shall mean generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America.

Governmental Authority” shall mean the government of the United States or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).

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Ground Leases” shall mean, from time to time, any ground lease relative to an Individual Property and with respect to “Ground Leases” covering Borrowing Base Properties, for which the Administrative Agent has given its prior written approval.

Ground Lease Payments” shall mean the sum of the Pro Rata Share of (i) payments made by the Consolidated CRT Entities under Ground Leases and (ii) payments made under Ground Leases by Unconsolidated CRT Entities.  Ground Lease Payments shall not include the payments made by Cedar-South Philadelphia I, LLC under that certain ground lease dated as of October 31, 2003 by and between SPSP Corporation, Passyunk Supermarket, Inc., and Twenty Fourth Street Passyunk Partners, L.P., as landlord, and Cedar-South Philadelphia I, LLC, as tenant.

Guarantee” shall mean, as to any Person, any (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Debt or other obligation payable or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Debt or other obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Debt or other obligation of the payment or performance of such Debt or other obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Debt or other obligation, or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Debt or other obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part), or (b) any Lien on any assets of such Person securing any Debt or other obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Debt or other obligation is assumed by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Debt to obtain any such Lien).  The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith.  The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.

Guaranty” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1, as such agreements may be amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise updated or modified from time to time.

Guarantor” or “Guarantors” shall mean CRT and those certain single-purpose Subsidiaries of the Borrower that have entered into a Guaranty, including without limitation, each Borrowing Base Property Owner and each Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower or CRT which owns a direct or indirect ownership interest in a Borrowing Base Property Owner.

Hazardous Materials” shall mean and include asbestos, mold, flammable materials, explosives, radioactive substances, polychlorinated biphenyls, radioactive substances, other carcinogens, oil and other petroleum products, pollutants or contaminants that could be a detriment to the environment, and any other hazardous or toxic materials, wastes, or substances which are defined, determined or identified as such in any past, present or future federal, state or local laws, rules, codes or regulations, or any judicial or administrative interpretation of such laws, rules, codes or regulations.

Implied Debt Service” shall mean the greater of (a) the annual amount of principal and interest payable on a hypothetical loan in an amount equal to the Implied Loan Amount, based upon a thirty (30) year direct reduction monthly amortization schedule and a per annum interest rate equal to the actual blended interest rate for the Loan, or (b) an annual debt service constant of seven and nineteen one- hundredths percent (7.19%) on such hypothetical loan amount.

Implied Debt Service Coverage Ratio” shall mean as of each Calculation Date, the ratio of (i) the aggregate of (a) Adjusted Net Operating Income for all Borrowing Base Properties for the most recent fiscal quarter, annualized, to (ii) Implied Debt Service; such calculation and results to be as verified by the Administrative Agent.

Implied Loan Amount” shall mean a principal amount which would generate as of any Calculation Date an Implied Debt Service Coverage Ratio of 1.70 to 1.00, which Implied Loan Amount may be revised by the Administrative Agent after the Closing Date or as of the most recent Compliance Certificate or Borrowing Base

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Property report, as applicable, delivered to the Administrative Agent, to reflect additions, removals and other adjustments to the Borrowing Base Properties since the Closing Date or the most recent Compliance Certificate or Borrowing Base Property report, as applicable, delivered to the Administrative Agent.

Increase Effective Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.1(c).

Indemnified Taxes” shall mean Taxes other than Excluded Taxes.

Indemnitee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.9.2.

Individual Property” and “Individual Properties” shall mean, from time to time, all real estate property owned or ground leased by any Consolidated CRT Entity or any Unconsolidated CRT Entity, together with all improvements, fixtures, equipment, and personalty relating to such property.

Information” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.20.

Interest Expense” shall mean the sum of the Pro Rata Share of the aggregate actual interest expense (whether expensed or capitalized) paid or payable respecting all Debt by the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities.

Interest Period” shall mean, as to each LIBO Rate Advance, the period commencing on the date such LIBO Rate Advance is disbursed or converted to or continued as a LIBO Rate Advance and ending on the numerically corresponding day in the first, second, third or sixth month thereafter, as selected by the Borrower in its Loan Notice; provided that:

(i) any Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day;

(ii) any Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period; and

(iii) no Interest Period shall extend beyond the Maturity Date.

Investment” shall mean the acquisition of any real property or tangible personal property or of any stock or other security, any loan, advance, bank deposit, money market fund, contribution to capital, extension of credit (except for accounts receivable arising in the ordinary course of business and payable in accordance with customary terms), or purchase or commitment or option to purchase or otherwise acquire real estate or tangible personal property or stock or other securities of any party or any part of the business or assets comprising such business, or any part thereof.

Joinder Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.1(d).

KeyBank” shall mean KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION and its successors and assigns.

Knowledge” or “knowledge” shall mean, with respect to any Loan Party, the actual knowledge of any Authorized Officer of such Loan Party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, such named parties and their successors are not parties to this Agreement and shall have no liability for a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement deemed to be made to their actual knowledge.

Land Assets” shall mean Individual Properties constituting raw or undeveloped land as to which construction of contemplated improvements has not commenced or which does not generate rental revenues under a Ground Lease.

Late Charge” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.3.14.

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Laws” shall mean, collectively, all Federal, state and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority, in each case having the force of law.

Lease” shall mean any lease relative to all or any portion of a Borrowing Base Property.

Lenders” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Lenders’ Consultant” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.25.1.

Lending Office” shall mean, as to any Lender, the office or offices of such Lender described as such in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire, or such other office or offices as a Lender may from time to time notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

Leverage Ratio” shall mean the quotient (expressed as a percentage) resulting from dividing (i) the aggregate of all Debt of the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities by (ii) the Total Asset Value.

LIBO Rate” shall mean:

(a) For any Interest Period with respect to a LIBO Rate Advance, the rate per annum equal to (A) the LIBOR Rate as published by Reuters (or other commercially available source providing quotations of LIBOR as designated by the Administrative Agent from time to time) (“LIBOR”), at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time, two (2) Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period, for Dollar deposits (for delivery on the first day of such Interest Period) with a term equivalent to such Interest Period or (B) if such published rate is not available at such time for any reason, the rate determined by the Administrative Agent to be the rate at which deposits in Dollars for delivery on the first day of such Interest Period in same day funds in the approximate amount of the LIBO Rate Advance being made, continued or converted by KeyBank and with a term equivalent to such Interest Period would be offered to major banks, including KeyBank, in the London interbank Eurodollar market at their request at approximately 11:00 a.m. (London time) two Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period; provided however, that if the rate as determined under this clause (a) shall be less than zero (0), such rate shall be deemed to be zero (0) for all Loans other than the Existing Swapped Loans during the period they are subject to the Existing Swaps; provided, further, however, that once the Existing Swapped Loans are no longer subject to the Existing Swaps, if the rate as determined under this clause (a) shall be less than zero (0), such rate shall be deemed to be zero (0) for the Existing Swapped Loans.

(b) For any interest rate calculation with respect to a Base Rate Advance, the rate per annum equal to (i) LIBOR, at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time on the date of determination (provided that if such day is not a London Business Day, the next preceding London Business Day) for Dollar deposits being delivered in the London interbank market for a term of one month commencing that day or (ii) if such published rate is not available at such time for any reason, the rate determined by the Administrative Agent to be the rate at which deposits in Dollars for delivery on the date of determination in same day funds in the approximate amount of the subject Base Rate Advance being made, continued or converted by KeyBank and with a term equal to one month would be offered to major banks, including KeyBank, in the London interbank Eurodollar market at their request at the date and time of determination; provided however, that if the rate as determined under this clause (b) shall be less than zero (0), such rate shall be deemed to be zero (0) for all Loans other than the Existing Swapped Loans during the period they are subject to the Existing Swaps; provided, further, however, that once the Existing Swapped Loans are no longer subject to the Existing Swaps, if the rate as determined under this clause (b) shall be less than zero (0), such rate shall be deemed to be zero (0) for the Existing Swapped Loans.

LIBO Rate Advance” shall mean any principal outstanding under this Agreement which pursuant to this Agreement bears interest at the LIBO Rate plus the Applicable Margin.

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Lien” shall mean any mortgage, deed of trust, lien, pledge, hypothecation, assignment, security interest, or any other encumbrance, charge or transfer, including, without limitation, any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any financing lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing, and mechanic’s, materialmen’s and other similar liens and encumbrances.

Licenses and Permits” shall mean all licenses, permits, authorizations and agreements issued by or agreed to by any governmental authority or by a private party, and including, but not limited to, building permits, occupancy permits and such special permits, variances and other relief as may be required pursuant to Laws which may be applicable to any Borrowing Base Property.

Liquidation Proceeds” shall mean amounts received by the Administrative Agent and/or the Lenders in the exercise of the rights and remedies under the Loan Documents.

Loan” shall mean, individually or collectively, as the context so requires, (i) the Tranche A Term Facility, (ii) the Tranche B Term Facility, and (iii) for either of the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility, any extension of credit by a Lender to the Borrower under Article 2 in the form of a Base Rate Advance or a LIBO Rate Advance.

Loan Advance” or “Loan Advances” shall mean any advance of any proceeds of the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility, as the case may be.

Loan Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Loan Documents” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1.

Loan Notice” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.2(b).

Loan Party” and “Loan Parties” shall mean, singly and collectively, the Borrower, the Guarantors and each Borrowing Base Property Owner.

Major Event of Loss” shall mean, with respect to any Borrowing Base Property, any of the following: (a) any loss or destruction of, or damage to, such Borrowing Base Property such that either (x) the repairs and restoration thereof cannot be completed, in the judgment of the Lenders’ Consultant and if there is no Lenders’ Consultant, an independent architect or engineer retained by the Borrower, within six (6) months after the occurrence of such loss, damage or destruction or (y) rendering more than fifty percent (50%) of the Borrowing Base Property unusable for the purposes conducted thereon immediately prior to such loss, destruction or damage, as determined by the applicable Lenders’ Consultant and if there is no Lenders’ Consultant, an independent architect or engineer retained by the Borrower; or (b) any actual condemnation, seizure or taking, by exercise of the power of eminent domain or otherwise, of such Borrowing Base Property, or confiscation of such Borrowing Base Property or the requisition of such Borrowing Base Property by a Governmental Agency or any Person having the power of eminent domain, or any voluntary transfer of such Borrowing Base Property or any portion thereof in lieu of any such condemnation, seizure or taking, rendering more than fifty percent (50%) of the leaseable area of such Borrowing Base Property unusable for the purposes conducted thereon immediately prior to action, as determined by the Lenders’ Consultant and if there is no Lenders’ Consultant, an independent architect or engineer retained by the Borrower.

Major Lease” shall mean (i) any Lease for space in any Borrowing Base Property (x) in excess of 25,000 rentable square feet, or (y) in excess of 15,000 rentable square feet and in excess of ten percent (10%) of the rentable square footage of such Borrowing Base Property, or (ii) any Lease with a tenant who is a tenant in more than one Borrowing Base Property and who leases 25,000 or more rentable square feet, in the aggregate, in all Borrowing Base Properties.

Mandatory Principal Payment” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.3.8.

Material Adverse Effect” shall mean a material adverse effect on (i) the business, assets, operations or financial or other condition of any of the Borrower, CRT, or, taken as a whole, the Loan Parties, (ii) the ability of any

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of the Borrower, CRT, or, taken as a whole, the Loan Parties to perform any material Obligations or to pay any Obligations which it is or they are obligated to pay in accordance with the terms hereof or of any other Loan Document, or (iii) the rights of, or benefits available to, the Administrative Agent and/or any of the Lenders under any Loan Document.

Maturity Date” shall be either of the Tranche A Term Facility Maturity Date, the Tranche B Term Facility Maturity Date, the Tranche C Term Facility Maturity Date, or the Tranche D Term Facility Maturity Date, as the context of this Agreement requires.

Maximum Loan Amount” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.1(a).

Maximum Rate” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.2.

Net Operating Income” shall mean, for any period of determination, (i) net operating income generated by an Individual Property for such period (i.e., gross operating income, inclusive of any rent loss insurance, less expenses (including Ground Lease Payments (except to the extent of any portion of such payment which is treated as a payment under a capital lease in accordance with GAAP) and exclusive of debt service, capital expenditures and vacancy allowances and before depreciation and amortization), determined in accordance with GAAP, as generated by, through or under Leases, and (ii) all other income arising from direct operations of or licenses or operating agreements for any part of the Individual Property determined on a GAAP basis. For purposes hereof, all rental income shall be adjusted for straight line rents.  Borrower shall provide the Administrative Agent with all information and materials required by the Administrative Agent necessary for the determination of Net Operating Income.  If any Leases are scheduled to expire during such period of determination, no rents or other amounts payable under such Leases with respect to any portion of such period occurring after such scheduled expiration date shall be included in the determination of Net Operating Income for such period.  If any Leases are scheduled to commence (and rent and occupancy pursuant thereto are also scheduled to commence) during such period of determination, the rents and other amounts payable under such Leases with respect to any period occurring after the scheduled commencement date shall be included in the determination of Net Operating Income for such period.

Net Worth” shall mean (a) the sum of (i) total CRT shareholders’ equity in the Borrower and (ii) the limited partners’ interest in the Borrower (both controlling and non-controlling interests) as of the Calculation Date appearing on the consolidated financial statements of CRT as determined in accordance with GAAP, plus (b) depreciation and amortization provided after June 30, 2017 through the Calculation Date on a cumulative basis.

Non-Retail Assets” shall mean Individual Properties that generate more than fifteen percent (15%) of base rental revenues from non-retail tenants.

Note” shall mean, collectively, the various promissory notes payable to each Lender (if requested by such Lender) in the form of Exhibit B.

Obligations” shall mean without limitation, all and each of the following, whether now existing or hereafter arising:

(a) Any and all direct and indirect liabilities, debts, and obligations of the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent or any Lender under or arising out of the Loan Documents, each of every kind, nature, and description.

(b) Each obligation to repay any loan, advance, indebtedness, note, obligation, overdraft, or amount now or hereafter owing by the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent or any Lender (including all future advances whether or not made pursuant to a commitment by the Administrative Agent or any Lender) under or arising out of the Loan Documents, whether or not any of such are liquidated, unliquidated, primary, secondary, secured, unsecured, direct, indirect, absolute, contingent, or of any other type, nature, or description, or by reason of any cause of action which the Administrative Agent or any Lender may hold against the Borrower or any Loan Party including, without limitation, any obligation arising under any Swap Contract with the Administrative Agent or any Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender.  

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(c) All notes and other obligations of the Borrower or any Loan Party now or hereafter assigned to or held by the Administrative Agent or any Lender under or arising out of the Loan Documents, each of every kind, nature, and description.  

(d) All interest, fees, and charges and other amounts which may be charged by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to the Borrower or any Loan Party and/or which may be due from the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent or any Lender from time to time under or arising out of the Loan Documents.  

(e) All costs and expenses incurred or paid by the Administrative Agent or any Lender in respect of any agreement between the Borrower or any Loan Party and the Administrative Agent or any Lender or instrument furnished by the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent or any Lender (including, without limitation, costs of collection, attorneys’ reasonable fees, and all court and litigation costs and expenses) in connection with the Loan.  

(f) Any and all covenants of the Borrower or any Loan Party to or with the Administrative Agent or any Lender and any and all obligations of the Borrower or any Loan Party to act or to refrain from acting in accordance with any agreement between the Borrower or any Loan Party and the Administrative Agent or any Lender or instrument furnished by the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent, any Lender in connection with the Loan.

Occupancy Ratio” shall mean with respect to any Borrowing Base Property, the ratio as determined by the Administrative Agent of the rentable square footage thereof as to which tenants are paying rent, to the total rentable square footage thereof.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, for purposes of determining compliance with Section 7.21.1 of this Agreement, the Occupancy Ratio for any Borrowing Base Property as to which an Event of Loss has occurred shall be equal to the greater of (i) the actual Occupancy Ratio with respect thereto or (ii) the Occupancy Ratio immediately prior to the said Event of Loss for a period equal to the lesser of (x) six (6) months from the occurrence of the Event of Loss or (y) the determination that the subject Borrowing Base Property is not, or ceases to be, a Restoration Property.

OFAC” means the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury.

Officer’s Certificate” shall mean a certificate delivered to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower, a Borrower Subsidiary, or a Guarantor, as the case may be respectively, which is signed by an Authorized Officer.

Other Taxes” shall mean all present or future stamp or documentary taxes or any other excise or property taxes, charges or similar levies arising from any payment made hereunder or under any other Loan Document or from the execution, delivery or enforcement of, or otherwise with respect to, this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

Outside Funding Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1.1(a).

Payment Period” shall mean each period commencing on the first Business Day of each calendar month, and ending on and including the calendar day immediately preceding the first Business Day of the next calendar month.

Participant” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 13.3.4.

Participant Register” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 13.3.4.

PBGC” shall mean the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation established pursuant to Section 4002 of ERISA, or any successor thereto.

Permitted Debt” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.4.

Permitted Distributions” shall mean (a) so long as no Event of Default exists and is continuing, or would be created thereby, any Distributions (including the repurchase or redemption of stock of CRT or partnership interests in

17


the Borrower) by the Borrower and CRT, (i) in any amount, provided that such Distributions, when added to Distributions for each of the last three calendar quarters, to the extent not included in the determination of Adjusted FFO, shall not exceed ninety-five (95%) percent of Adjusted FFO for the just completed four calendar quarters (with the initial test to be for the quarter ending September 30, 2017); provided that any Distributions by the Borrower or CRT shall be permitted as are necessary for CRT to maintain REIT status including any Distributions that are greater than the amounts set forth in this subclause (a)(i), (ii) concerning the issuance of operating partnership units or stock in return for equity interests in connection with any Permitted Investment, or (iii) in connection with the repurchase or redemption of preferred stock of CRT utilizing the proceeds of new issued preferred or common equity on equal or more favorable terms, or (b) at any time after and during the continuance of any Event of Default, such Distributions as are necessary for CRT to maintain REIT status (measured on a quarterly basis), all of the foregoing tested by the Borrower on each Calculation Date, such calculation and results to be as verified by the Administrative Agent.

Permitted Liens” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.2.

Permitted Investments” shall mean the following:

(a) The Pro Rata Share of Investments in Development Assets (valued at undepreciated Book Value) which, in the aggregate, do not exceed twenty percent (20%) of Total Asset Value;

(b) The Pro Rata Share of Investments in Land Assets which, in the aggregate, valued at undepreciated Book Value do not exceed seven and one-half percent (7.5%) of Total Asset Value;

(c) Investments in Unconsolidated CRT Entities including, without limitation, the purchase of all or any portion of any interests held by persons that are not Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries of the Borrower;

(d) The Pro Rata Share of Investments in Non-Retail Assets which, in the aggregate, do not exceed five percent (5%) of Total Asset Value; and

(e) Investments in Permitted Swap Contracts.

Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, the total Permitted Investments described in Sections (a), (b), and (d) above shall not, in the aggregate, exceed twenty-five percent (25%) of the Total Asset Value.

Permitted Swap Contract” shall mean any Swap Contract entered into in accordance with the terms and provisions of Section 8.17.

Person” shall mean any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.

Plan” shall mean any multiemployer or single-employer plan as defined in Section 4001 of ERISA, which is maintained or contributed to by (or to which there is an obligation to contribute of) any Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate, including each such Plan for the five year period immediately following the latest date on which such Loan Party or an ERISA Affiliate maintained, contributed to or had an obligation to contribute to such Plan.

Platform” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.13.

Preliminary Approval” shall mean the following:

(a) Delivery by the Borrower to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders of the following with respect to any Individual Property proposed to be a Borrowing Base Property, each such item to the reasonable satisfaction of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders:

(i) A physical description;

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(ii) A current rent roll, ARGUS runs and a leasing status report for the Individual Property, along with operating statements;

(iii) To the extent then available in Borrower’s files, the following: a survey, environmental reports, copies of existing title insurance policies or a title commitment, engineering reports and similar information; and

(iv) The Borrower’s certification that to its knowledge the proposed Borrowing Base Property presently satisfies (or is anticipated to satisfy upon the approval of such Borrowing Base Property) the Eligibility Criteria set forth in subsections (a), (d), (e) and (f), of the definition of Eligibility Criteria.

(b) Administrative Agent shall, within ten (10) Business Days after delivery of all items described in subsection (a), above, grant or deny the preliminary approval for the proposed Borrowing Base Property.

Prepayment Premium” means a premium payable pro rata to the Tranche A Lenders with respect to a prepayment of the Tranche A Term Facility equal to the following amount for the following periods:

If Prepayment of the Tranche A Term Facility

Loans occurs

Prepayment Fee

On or before September 8, 2018

2% of the principal amount

prepaid.

After September 8, 2018 but on or before

September 8, 2019

1% of the principal amount

prepaid.

After September 8, 2019

0%

 

Pro Rata Share” shall mean a calculation based on the percentage of the Capital Stock of or other equity interest in any Person owned, directly or indirectly, by the Borrower and/or CRT.

Public Lender” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.13.

Register” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 13.3.3.

REIT” shall mean a “real estate investment trust” as such term is defined in Section 856 of the Code.

Related Part(y)ies” shall mean, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates, and the partners, members, shareholders, directors, officers, employees, agents, trustees and advisors of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.

Release Conditions” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.2.

Release Request” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.3.

Rent Loss Proceeds” shall mean the proceeds received under any rent loss or business interruption insurance policies.

Repair Work” shall mean any work necessary to repair, restore, rebuild or replace an affected Borrowing Base Property to its condition immediately prior to an Event of Loss.

Reportable Event” shall mean an event described in Section 4043(b) of ERISA with respect to a Plan other than those events as to which the 30-day notice period is waived under subsection .13, .14, .16, .18, .19 or .20 of PBGC Regulation Section 2615, or as otherwise now or hereafter defined in ERISA.

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Required Lenders” shall mean, as of any date of determination, Lenders having greater than 50% of the Total Commitments or, if the Commitment of each Lender to make Loans has been terminated pursuant to Section 11, Lenders holding in the aggregate greater than 50%  of the Total Outstandings; provided that the Commitment of, and the portion of the Total Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders.

Restoration Property” shall mean any Borrowing Base Property as to which an Event of Loss has occurred and as to which the Repair Work can be completed in six (6) months, as determined by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion.

Revolving/Term Facility” shall mean the revolving credit and term loan facility provided to the Borrower by various lenders and KeyBank National Association, as administrative agent, pursuant to that certain Fourth Amended and Restated Loan Agreement dated as of the date hereof, and various documents and instruments executed in connection therewith, as all of the foregoing have been and may hereafter be amended.

Sanctioned Person” means any Person that is (i) listed on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons, (ii) otherwise the subject or target of Sanctions, to the extent U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in transactions with such a Person, and (iii) fifty percent (50%) or greater owned or controlled by a Person described in clause (i) or (ii) above.

Sanction(s)” means any sanction administered or enforced by the United States Government (including, without limitation, OFAC), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or other relevant sanctioning authority, in each case, solely to the extent applicable to CRT or any of its Subsidiaries

Secured Debt” means, with respect to CRT and its Subsidiaries, (a) all Debt of such Person that is secured in any manner by any Lien on any property owned by such Person, plus (b) such Person’s pro rata share of the Secured Debt of any such Person’s unconsolidated Affiliates; provided that any loan facilities, if secured only by pledges of equity interests in any Subsidiaries of CRT, shall not be deemed Secured Debt.

Secured Debt Ratio” shall mean the quotient (expressed as a percentage) of (a) all Secured Debt divided by (b) Total Asset Value.

State” shall mean the State or Commonwealth in which the subject of such reference or any part thereof is located.

Statement” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.17.

Subsidiary” shall mean, as to any Person, a corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which shares of stock or other ownership interests having ordinary voting power (other than stock or such other ownership interests having such power only by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect a majority of the board of directors or other managers of such corporation, limited liability company, partnership or other entity are at the time owned, or the management of which is otherwise controlled, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, or both, by such Person.

Swap Contract” shall mean (a) any and all rate swap transactions, basis swaps, credit derivative transactions, forward rate transactions, commodity swaps, commodity options, forward commodity contracts, equity or equity index swaps or options, bond or bond price or bond index swaps or options or forward bond or forward bond price or forward bond index transactions, interest rate options, forward foreign exchange transactions, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar transactions, currency swap transactions, cross-currency rate swap transactions, currency options, spot contracts, or any other similar transactions or any combination of any of the foregoing (including any options to enter into any of the foregoing), whether or not any such transaction is governed by or subject to any master agreement, and (b) any confirmations relating to the foregoing transactions and any Master Agreements related thereto, including, without limitation, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement (any such master agreement, together with any related schedules, a “Master Agreement”).

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Swap Termination Value” shall mean, with respect to the Borrower or a Borrower Subsidiary, in respect of any one or more Swap Contracts, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement relating to such Swap Contracts, for any date on or after the date such Swap Contracts have been closed out and termination value(s) determined in accordance therewith, such termination value(s) to be payable by the Borrower or such Subsidiary.

Tax Expenses” shall mean tax expense (if any) attributable to income and franchise taxes based on or measured by income, whether paid or accrued.

Taxes” shall mean all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

Total Asset Value” shall mean the aggregate of:

(a) For all Individual Properties (which are neither Individual Properties acquired within the prior ninety (90) days from the Calculation Date, Development Assets, nor Land Assets but shall include any Individual Properties currently held for sale), the Pro Rata Share of the Calculation Period’s aggregate Adjusted Net Operating Income for all such Individual Properties, annualized, capitalized at a rate of 7.00%; plus

(b) For Land Assets, and for all Individual Properties which were acquired within the prior ninety (90) days from the Calculation Date, the Pro Rata Share of the undepreciated Book Value as of the Calculation Date; plus

(c) For Development Assets, at the Borrower’s option, either the Pro Rata Share of the undepreciated Book Value as of the Calculation Date or the Pro Rata Share of the Calculations Period’s aggregate Adjusted Net Operating Income for such Development Asset, annualized, capitalized at a rate of 7.00%; plus

(d) For all unrestricted cash and cash equivalent investments, restricted cash held by a qualified intermediary, and escrows owned by the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities, the Pro Rata Share of the Book Value as of the Calculation Date of such assets; plus

(e) Deposits corresponding to outstanding letters of credit.

The Pro Rata Share of Development Assets completed within the prior ninety (90) days from a Calculation Date will be valued as set forth in (c) above for a maximum of one hundred eighty (180) days from completion (and continuing until end of such Calculation Period) and based on Adjusted Net Operating Income under subsection (a) above thereafter.

Total Commitment” shall mean the sum of the Commitments of the Lenders, as in effect from time to time.  On the Closing Date the Total Commitment equals $250,000,000.00, consisting of the $75,000,000.00 Total Tranche A Term Commitments, the $75,000,000.00 Total Tranche B Term Commitments, the $50,000,000.00 Total Tranche C Term Commitments, and $50,000,000.00 Total Tranche D Term Commitments.

Total Outstandings” shall mean the aggregate Total Tranche A Term Outstandings, Total Tranche B Term Outstandings, Total Tranche C Term Outstandings, and Total Term Tranche D Outstandings.

Total Tranche A Term Commitments” shall mean the aggregate Tranche A Term Commitments of the Lenders from time to time.

Total Tranche A Term Outstandings” shall mean on any date the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Loans under the Tranche A Term Facility after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of said Loans occurring on such date.

Total Tranche B Term Commitments” shall mean the aggregate Tranche B Term Commitments of the Lenders from time to time.

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Total Tranche B Term Outstandings” shall mean on any date the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Loans under the Tranche B Term Facility after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of said Loans occurring on such date.

Total Tranche C Term Commitments” shall mean the aggregate Tranche C Term Commitments of the Lenders from time to time.

Total Tranche C Term Outstandings” shall mean on any date the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Loans under the Tranche C Term Facility after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of said Loans occurring on such date.

Total Tranche D Term Commitments” shall mean the aggregate Tranche D Term Commitments of the Lenders from time to time.

Total Tranche D Term Outstandings” shall mean on any date the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Loans under the Tranche D Term Facility after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of said Loans occurring on such date.

Tranche A Lender” shall mean each Lender that holds Tranche A Term Facility Loans hereunder.

Tranche A Required Lenders” shall mean, as of any date of determination, Tranche A Lenders holding in the aggregate greater than 50% of the Total Tranche A Term Outstandings; provided that the portion of the Total Tranche A Term Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Tranche A Required Lenders.

Tranche A Term Commitment” shall mean the amount set forth on Schedule 1.1(a) hereto as the amount of such Lender’s commitment to make Loans under the Tranche A Term Facility, as may be amended from time to time by the Administrative Agent as provided in Article 13.

Tranche A Term Facility” shall mean that certain senior unsecured term loan facility provided by Lenders to the Borrower in an amount of up to Seventy-Five Million and 00/100 Dollars ($75,000,000.00) in accordance with the terms and conditions herein, as such amount may be adjusted pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

Tranche A Term Facility Loans” shall mean the loans made by the Tranche A Lenders as evidenced by, among other things, the Register.

Tranche A Term Facility Maturity” shall mean the Tranche A Term Facility Maturity Date, or, in any instance, upon acceleration of the Tranche A Term Facility Loans, if such Tranche A Term Facility Loans have been accelerated by the Lenders upon an Event of Default.

Tranche A Term Facility Maturity Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.1.

Tranche A Term Facility Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.1.

Tranche B Lender” shall mean each Lender holds Tranche B Term Facility Loans hereunder.

Tranche B Required Lenders” shall mean, as of any date of determination, Tranche B Lenders holding in the aggregate greater than 50% of the Total Tranche B Term Outstandings; provided that the portion of the Total Tranche B Term Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Tranche B Required Lenders.

Tranche B Term Commitment” shall mean the amount set forth on Schedule 1.1(a) hereto as the amount of such Lender’s commitment to make a Loan under the Tranche B Term Facility, as may be amended from time to time by the Administrative Agent as provided in Article 13.

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Tranche B Term Facility” shall mean that certain senior unsecured term loan facility made by Lenders to the Borrower in the amount of Seventy-Five Million and 00/100 Dollars ($75,000,000.00) in accordance with the terms and conditions herein, as such amount may be adjusted pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

Tranche B Term Facility Loans” shall mean the loans made by the Tranche B Lenders as evidenced by, among other things, the Register.

Tranche B Term Facility Maturity” shall mean the Tranche B Term Facility Maturity Date, or, in any instance, upon acceleration of the Tranche B Term Facility Loans, if such Tranche B Term Facility Loans have been accelerated by the Lenders upon an Event of Default.

Tranche B Term Facility Maturity Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.2.

Tranche B Term Facility Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.2.

Tranche C Lender” shall mean each Lender that issues a Tranche C Term Commitment and/or holds Tranche C Term Facility Loans hereunder.

Tranche C Required Lenders” shall mean, as of any date of determination, Tranche C Lenders having greater than 50% of the Total Tranche C Term Commitments or, if the Commitment of each Lender to make Tranche C Loans has been terminated pursuant to Section 11, Lenders holding in the aggregate greater than 50% of the Total Tranche C Term Outstandings; provided that the Commitment of, and the portion of the Total Tranche C Term Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Tranche C Required Lenders.

Tranche C Term Commitment” shall mean the amount set forth on Schedule 1.1(a) hereto as the amount of such Lender’s commitment to make Loans under the Tranche C Term Facility, as may be amended from time to time by the Administrative Agent as provided in Section 2.1.1(d) and/or Article 13.

Tranche C Term Facility” shall mean that certain senior unsecured term loan facility provided by Lenders to the Borrower in an amount of up to Fifty Million and 00/100 Dollars ($50,000,000.00) in accordance with the terms and conditions herein, as such amount may be adjusted pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

Tranche C Term Facility Loans” shall mean the loans made by the Tranche C Lenders pursuant to Section 2.1.

Tranche C Term Facility Maturity” shall mean the Tranche C Term Facility Maturity Date, or, in any instance, upon acceleration of the Tranche C Term Facility Loans, if such Tranche C Term Facility Loans have been accelerated by the Lenders upon an Event of Default.

Tranche C Term Facility Maturity Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.3.

Tranche C Term Facility Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.3.

Tranche D Lender” shall mean each Lender that issues a Tranche D Term Commitment and/or holds Tranche D Term Facility Loans hereunder.

Tranche D Required Lenders” shall mean, as of any date of determination, Tranche D Lenders having greater than 50% of the Total Tranche D Term Commitments or, if the Commitment of each Lender to make Tranche D Loans has been terminated pursuant to Section 11, Lenders holding in the aggregate greater than 50% of the Total Tranche D Term Outstandings; provided that the Commitment of, and the portion of the Total Tranche D Term Outstandings held or deemed held by, any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Tranche D Required Lenders.

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Tranche D Term Commitment” shall mean the amount set forth on Schedule 1.1(a) hereto as the amount of such Lender’s commitment to make a Loan under the Tranche D Term Facility, as may be amended from time to time by the Administrative Agent as provided in Section 2.1.1(d) and/or Article 13.

Tranche D Term Facility” shall mean that certain senior unsecured term loan facility made by Lenders to the Borrower in the amount of Fifty Million and 00/100 Dollars ($50,000,000.00) in accordance with the terms and conditions herein, as such amount may be adjusted pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

Tranche D Term Facility Loans” shall mean the loans made by the Tranche D Lenders pursuant to Section 2.1.

Tranche D Term Facility Maturity” shall mean the Tranche D Term Facility Maturity Date, or, in any instance, upon acceleration of the Tranche D Term Facility Loans, if such Tranche D Term Facility Loans have been accelerated by the Lenders upon an Event of Default.

Tranche D Term Facility Maturity Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.2.

Tranche D Term Facility Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.2.2.

Treasury Rate” shall mean, as of the date of any calculation or determination, the latest published rate for United States Treasury Notes or Bills (but the rate on Bills issued on a discounted basis shall be converted to a bond equivalent) as published weekly in the Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15(519) of Selected Interest Rates in an amount which approximates (as determined by Administrative Agent) the amount (i) approximately comparable to the portion of the Loan to which the Treasury Rate applies for the Interest Period, or (ii) in the case of a prepayment, the amount prepaid and with a maturity closest to the original maturity of the installment which is prepaid in whole or in part.

Type” shall mean, with respect to any Loan, its character as a Base Rate Advance or a LIBO Rate Advance.

UCC” or the “Uniform Commercial Code” shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code in effect in the State of New York, provided, that as same relates to a Borrowing Base Property, the UCC shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code as adopted in such jurisdiction.

Unconsolidated CRT Entity” or “Unconsolidated CRT Entities” shall mean each Person as to which the Borrower and/or CRT own, directly or indirectly, any Capital Stock, but which is not a Consolidated Subsidiary.

United States” and “U.S.” shall each mean the United States of America.

Unsecured Debt” means any Debt (including indebtedness arising under any Swap Contract) of CRT and its Subsidiaries which is not Secured Debt.

Variable Rate Indebtedness” shall mean any Debt that bears interest at a variable rate without the benefit of an interest rate hedge or other interest rate protection agreement.  For the avoidance of doubt, Variable Rate Indebtedness shall not include the notional amount of caps which protect against an upward movement of the LIBO Rate up to 300 basis points.

Wholly-Owned Subsidiary” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any other Person as to which one-hundred (100%) percent of the Capital Stock thereof is owned, directly or indirectly, by such Person; provided for purposes of this definition Cedar Riverview, LP, and Hamilton FC Associates, L.P. shall be deemed to be a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower.

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

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b. Other Interpretive Provisions.

With reference to this Agreement and each other Loan Document, unless otherwise specified herein or in such other Loan Document:

(a) The definitions of terms herein shall apply equally to the singular and plural forms of the terms defined.  Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms.  The words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation.”  The word “will” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect as the word “shall.”  Unless the context requires otherwise, (i) any definition of or reference to any agreement, instrument or other document (including any Formation Document) shall be construed as referring to such agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended, supplemented or otherwise modified (subject to any restrictions on such amendments, supplements or modifications set forth herein or in any other Loan Document), (ii) any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns subject to restrictions on assignments as set forth in this Agreement, (iii) the words “herein,” “hereof’ and “hereunder,” and words of similar import when used in any Loan Document, shall be construed to refer to such Loan Document in its entirety and not to any particular provision thereof, (iv) all references in a Loan Document to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, the Loan Document in which such references appear, (v) any reference to any Law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing or interpreting such Law and any reference to any Law or regulation shall, unless otherwise specified, refer to such Law or regulation as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, and (vi) the words “asset” and “property” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect and to refer to any and all tangible and intangible assets and properties, including cash, securities, accounts and contract rights.

(b) In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including;” the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding;” and the word “through” means “to and including.”

(c) Section headings herein and in the other Loan Documents are included for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

c. Accounting Terms.

(a) Generally.  All accounting terms not specifically or completely defined herein shall be construed in conformity with, and all financial data (including financial ratios and other financial calculations) required to be submitted pursuant to this Agreement shall be prepared in conformity with, GAAP applied on a consistent basis, as in effect from time to time, applied in a manner consistent with that used in preparing the financial statements required by Section 7.2.1, except as otherwise specifically prescribed herein.

(b) Changes in GAAP.  If at any time any change in GAAP would affect the computation of any financial ratio or requirement set forth in any Loan Document, and either the Borrower or the Required Lenders shall so request, the Administrative Agent, the Lenders and the Borrower shall negotiate in good faith to amend such ratio or requirement to preserve the original intent thereof in light of such change in GAAP (subject to the approval of the Required Lenders); provided that, until so amended, (i) such ratio or requirement shall continue to be computed in accordance with GAAP prior to such change therein and (ii) the Borrower shall provide to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders financial statements and other documents required under this Agreement or as reasonably requested hereunder setting forth a reconciliation between calculations of such ratio or requirement made before and after giving effect to such change in GAAP.

d. Rounding.

Any financial ratios required to be maintained by the Borrower pursuant to this Agreement shall be calculated by dividing the appropriate component by the other component, carrying the result to one place more than the number

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of places by which such ratio is expressed herein and rounding the result up or down to the nearest number (with a rounding-up if there is no nearest number).  For example purposes only, in calculating the Fixed Charge Ratio, the calculation shall initially result in three numbers right of the decimal point.  If the last number is four or less, the total number shall be rounded down.  If the last number is 5 or more, the total number shall be rounded up.

e. Times of Day.

Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to times of day shall be references to Eastern time (daylight or standard, as applicable).

2. LOAN PROVISIONS.

a. General Loan Provisions.

2.a.1 Loans.

(a) Each of the Tranche A Facility, the Tranche B Facility, the Tranche C Facility, and the Tranche D Facility will be fully advanced on the Closing Date.

(b) Subject to Section 2.1.1(a) above, amounts advanced hereunder shall be allocated to the Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility in such fashion as the Borrower may request.

(c) The obligations of the Lenders hereunder are several and independent and not joint.  No Lender shall become obligated to advance more than its Commitment Percentage of a respective Tranche C Loan or Tranche D Loan including, without limitation, as a result of the failure of any Lender to fulfill its obligations hereunder.

(d) Provided no Default or Event of Default shall then be in existence, the Borrower shall have the right to elect to increase the Total Tranche A Term Commitment, the Total Tranche B Term Commitment, the Total Tranche C Term Commitment and/or the Total Tranche D Term Commitment provided and on condition that: (i) at the time of Borrower’s election to increase the Total Tranche A Term Commitment, the Total Tranche B Term Commitment, the Total Tranche C Term Commitment and/or the Total Tranche D Term Commitment, the full amount of the Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility shall have been advanced pursuant to the then-existing Tranche C Term Commitment and the then-existing Tranche D Term Commitment (for the avoidance of doubt, it shall not be a requirement that all amounts advanced then remain outstanding); and (ii) no increase in the (A) Tranche A Term Commitment shall occur after the Tranche A Term Facility Maturity Date, (B) Tranche B Term Commitment shall occur after the Tranche B Term Facility Maturity Date, (C) Tranche C Term Commitment shall occur after the Tranche C Term Facility Maturity Date, or (D) Tranche D Term Commitment shall occur after the Tranche D Term Facility Maturity Date; and provided further that:  (x) the amount of each such increase shall not be less than Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) or in increments of Five Million Dollars ($5,000,000.00) in excess thereof, and (y) the aggregate amount of all such increases shall not cause the Total Commitment to exceed Five Hundred Fifty Million Dollars ($550,000,000).  Any such increase in the Total Commitment shall be allocated to the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility and/or the Tranche D Term Facility in such amounts as the Borrower may request.  Such right may be exercised by the Borrower by written notice to the Administrative Agent, which election shall designate the requested increase in the Total Commitment and to which of the Tranche A Term Facility, Tranche B Term Facility, Tranche C Term Facility and/or Tranche D Term Facility such request is being made.  At the time of sending such notice, the Borrower (in consultation with the Administrative Agent) shall specify the time period within which each Lender is requested to respond (which shall in no event be less than ten (10) Business Days from the date of delivery of such notice to the Lenders), and each Lender shall endeavor to respond as promptly as possible within such time period.  Each Lender shall notify the

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Administrative Agent within such time period whether or not it agrees to increase its Commitment (which decision shall be in its sole discretion) and, if so, whether by an amount equal to, greater than, or less than its Commitment Percentage of such requested increase.  Any Lender not responding within such time period shall be deemed to have declined to increase its Commitment.  The Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower and each Lender of the Lenders’ responses to each request made hereunder.  To achieve the full amount of a requested increase and subject to the approval of the Administrative Agent (which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), the Borrower may also invite additional Eligible Assignees to become Lenders pursuant to a joinder agreement (each a “Joinder Agreement”) in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and its counsel.  If the Total Commitment is increased in accordance with this Section, the Administrative Agent and the Borrower shall determine the effective date (the “Increase Effective Date”) and the final allocation of each Lender’s increased Commitments among the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility and if such increase is not pro rata among the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility, the new or increased Commitments issued in connection with such increase, and the existing Tranche A Term Commitment, Tranche B Term Commitment, Tranche C Term Commitment and Tranche D Term Commitment of the Lenders shall be adjusted (but any existing Commitment of a Lender will not be increased unless such Lender has elected to increase its Commitment) so as to at all times provide that each Lender shall have a pro rata Commitment in each of the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility and the Tranche D Term Facility.  The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Borrower and the Lenders of the final allocation of such increase (with such increase being pro rata among existing Lenders choosing to increase their Commitments) and the Increase Effective Date.  As a condition precedent to such increase, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a certificate of the Borrower dated as of the Increase Effective Date signed by an Authorized Officer of the Borrower (i) certifying and attaching the resolutions adopted by the Borrower approving or consenting to such increase, and (ii) certifying that, before and after giving effect to such increase, (A) the representations and warranties contained in Article 6 and the other Loan Documents are true and correct in all material respects on and as of the Increase Effective Date, except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, in which case they are true and correct in all material respects as of such earlier date, and except that for purposes of this Section 2.1.1(d), the representations and warranties contained in Section 6.8 shall be deemed to refer to the most recent statements furnished to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 7.2.1 and Section 7.2.2, and except as to the representations and warranties in Sections 6.4, 6.7, 6.9, and 6.14 which may be modified only to reflect events occurring after the date hereof as specifically disclosed in writing to Administrative Agent prior to or simultaneously with such written request and (B) no Default or Event of Default exists.  The amount of any applicable increase in the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility and/or the Tranche D Term Facility shall be funded on such Increase Effective Date.  This Section shall supersede any provisions in Sections 12.2 or 13.4.1 to the contrary.

2.a.2 Procedures and Limits.  Subject to the provisions of Section 2.1.1(a) and Section 2.1.1(d), the Lenders shall, subject to the compliance with all of the other terms, conditions and provisions of this Agreement and the absence of any Default or Event of Default at the time of such disbursement, make disbursements to the Borrower of Loan Advances in installments in accordance with the following:

(a) Written Requests.  Loan Advances shall be made, at the Borrower’s written request to Administrative Agent, on the basis of written requests, made in accordance with the method and procedures described in Section 2.1.3 below; and Administrative Agent shall act upon such requests within three (3) Business Days following the receipt of a written request from Borrower for a LIBOR Rate Advance and within one (1) Business Day following the receipt of a written request from Borrower for a Base Rate Advance, which action may include, without limitation, funding the requested Loan Advance or specifying the basis for not funding and, when applicable, requesting

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additional information and supporting documentation.  The date on which any Loan Advance is funded is herein called an “Advance Date.”

(b) Requisitions, Certifications.  Each request for a Loan Advance shall be in writing and in the form attached hereto as Exhibit A (a “Loan Notice”).  Each such request shall specify (i) the amount of the Loan Advance requested, (ii) the purpose of the Loan Advance requested, (iii) the Total Outstandings (including the funding of the Loan Advance being requested), (iv) calculations evidencing the Borrower’s continued compliance with the Financial Covenants, as satisfied by the Closing Compliance Certificate, or once delivered, the most recent Compliance Certificate delivered by the Borrower, (v) the requested interest rate option, and (vi) the Interest Period (if applicable).  Each request for a Loan Advance hereunder shall be for (a) a minimum amount as required by Section 2.3.6, (b) an amount not to exceed (x) the Maximum Loan Amount less (y) the Total Outstandings (after giving effect to such Loan Advance), (c) as to the Tranche C Term Facility, an amount not to exceed (x) the Total Tranche C Term Commitments, less (y) the total Tranche C Term Facility Loans previously advanced under the Tranche C Term Facility (after giving effect to any such pending advance of Tranche C Term Facility Loans), and (d) as to the Tranche D Term Facility, an amount not to exceed (x) the Total Tranche D Term Commitments, less (y) the total Tranche D Term Facility Loans previously advanced under the Tranche D Term Facility (after giving effect to any such pending advance of Tranche D Term Facility Loans)

2.a.3 Funding Procedures.  Following receipt of a Loan Notice, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Lender of the Advance Date and of the amount of its Commitment Percentage of the applicable Loans.  In the case of a Loan Advance, each Lender shall make the amount of its Commitment Percentage of such Loan available to the Administrative Agent in immediately available funds at the Administrative Agent’s Office not later than 1:00 p.m. on the Business Day specified as the Advance Date in the applicable Loan Notice.  Upon satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 5.2 (and, if such Loan Advance is the initial credit extension, Section 5.1), the Administrative Agent shall make all funds so received available to the Borrower in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent either by (i) crediting the account of the Borrower on the books of KeyBank with the amount of such funds or (ii) wire transfer of such funds, in each case in accordance with instructions provided to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower.

b. Term of Loan.

2.b.1 Tranche A Term Facility.  The Tranche A Term Facility shall be for a term (the “Tranche A Term Facility Term”) commencing on the date hereof and ending on September 8, 2024 (the “Tranche A Term Facility Maturity Date”) or such earlier date as the Tranche A Term Facility is accelerated pursuant to the terms of this Agreement upon an Event of Default.

2.b.2 Tranche B Term Facility.  The Tranche B Term Facility shall be for a term (the “Tranche B Term Facility Term”) commencing on the date hereof and ending on February 11, 2021 (the “Tranche B Term Facility Maturity Date”) or such earlier date as the Tranche B Term Facility is accelerated pursuant to the terms of this Agreement upon an Event of Default.

2.b.3 Tranche C Term Facility.  The Tranche C Term Facility shall be for a term (the “Tranche C Term Facility Term”) commencing on the date hereof and ending on September 8, 2022 (the “Tranche C Term Facility Maturity Date”) or such earlier date as the Tranche C Term Facility is accelerated pursuant to the terms of this Agreement upon an Event of Default.

2.b.4 Tranche D Term Facility.  The Tranche D Term Facility shall be for a term (the “Tranche D Term Facility Term”) commencing on the date hereof and ending on February 5, 2022 (the “Tranche D Term Facility Maturity Date”) or such earlier date as the Tranche D Term Facility is accelerated pursuant to the terms of this Agreement upon an Event of Default.

2.b.5 Termination of Commitments.  The Borrower shall have the right to terminate this Agreement prior to the originally scheduled Maturity Date by providing the Administrative Agent with ten (10) days’

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written notice of the Borrower’s intention to terminate this Agreement (the date of such termination being the “Borrower Termination Date”).  In the event that the Borrower provides such written notice to the Administrative Agent, (i) as of the date of the notice, the Lenders shall have no further obligation to make or issue, and the Borrower shall have no further right to receive or request, any Credit Extension hereunder, and (ii) the Borrower shall be obligated on the Borrower Termination Date to pay in full all accrued interest, principal and other charges due with respect to the Loan, including, without limitation, any Breakage Fees or Prepayment Premiums due on account of such payment.

c. Interest Rate and Payment Terms.  The Loan shall be payable as to interest and principal in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.  This Agreement also provides for interest at a Default Rate, Late Charges and prepayment rights and fees.  All payments for the account of Lenders shall be applied to the respective accounts of the Lenders in accordance with each Lender’s Commitment Percentage of the Loan.  Any and all interest rate selection and conversion provisions in this Agreement are to be administered by the Administrative Agent and to be allocated on a pro rata basis to the portion of the balance held by each Lender based upon such Lender’s Commitment Percentage.

2.c.1 Borrower’s Options.  Principal amounts outstanding under the Loan shall bear interest at the following rates, at Borrower’s selection, subject to the conditions and limitations provided for in this Agreement: (i) the Base Rate Accrual Rate or (ii) LIBO Rate plus the Applicable Margin.  Borrower’s right to select pricing options shall cease upon the occurrence and during the continuation of any Event of Default.

2.c.2 Selection To Be Made.  Borrower shall select, and thereafter may change the selection of, the applicable interest rate, from the alternatives otherwise provided for in this Agreement, by giving Administrative Agent a Loan Notice (in accordance with the requirements of Section 2.3.3, below): (i) three (3) Business Days prior to each Loan Advance, (ii) three (3) Business Days prior to the end of each Interest Period applicable to a LIBO Rate Advance which shall be continued as a LIBO Rate Advance, or (iii) three (3) Business Days prior to any Business Day on which Borrower desires to convert an outstanding Base Rate Advance to a LIBO Rate Advance.

2.c.3 Notice.  Each Loan Advance, each conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, and each continuation of a LIBO Rate Advance shall be made upon the Authorized Officer’s irrevocable notice to the Administrative Agent, which may be given by telephone.  Each such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m. (i) with respect to a LIBO Rate Advance, three (3) Business Days prior to, or (ii) with respect to a Base Rate Advance, the requested date of any Loan Advance, conversion or continuation.  Each telephonic notice pursuant to this Section 2.3.3 must be confirmed promptly by delivery to the Administrative Agent of a written Loan Notice, appropriately completed and signed by an Authorized Officer of the Borrower.

2.c.4 If No Notice.  If (a) the Borrower fails to select an interest rate option in accordance with the foregoing prior to a Loan Advance, or at least three (3) Business Days prior to the last day of the applicable Interest Period of an outstanding LIBO Rate Advance, or (b) a LIBO Rate Advance is not available, then any new Loan Advance made shall be deemed to be a Base Rate Advance, and on the last day of the applicable Interest Period all outstanding principal amounts of the applicable LIBO Rate Advance shall be deemed converted to a Base Rate Advance.

2.c.5 Telephonic Notice.  Without any way limiting the Borrower’s obligation to confirm in writing any telephonic notice, the Administrative Agent may act without liability upon the basis of telephonic notice believed by the Administrative Agent in good faith to be from the Borrower prior to receipt of written confirmation.  In each case the Borrower hereby waives the right to dispute the Administrative Agent’s record of the terms of such telephonic Loan Notice in the absence of manifest error.

2.c.6 Limits On Options.  Each LIBO Rate Advance shall be in a minimum amount of $100,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof and each Base Rate Advance shall be in a minimum amount of $100,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof.  At no time shall there be outstanding a total of more than ten (10) LIBO Rate Advances outstanding at any time.

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2.c.7 Payment and Calculation of Interest.  All interest for each Payment Period shall be payable in arrears commencing October 1, 2017 and on the first Business Day of each month thereafter until the principal together with all interest and other charges payable with respect to the Loan shall be fully paid.  All computations of interest for Base Rate Advances shall be made on the basis of a year of 365 or 366 days, as the case may be, and actual days elapsed.  All other computations of fees and interest shall be made on the basis of a 360-day year and actual days elapsed (which results in more fees or interest, as applicable, being paid than if computed on the basis of a 365-day year).  Interest shall accrue on each Loan for the day on which the Loan is made, and shall not accrue on a Loan, or any portion thereof, for the day on which the Loan or such portion is paid, provided that any Loan that is repaid on the same day on which it is made shall, subject to Section 2.3.11, bear interest for one day.  Interest hereunder shall be due and payable in accordance with the terms hereof before and after judgment, and before and after the commencement of any proceeding, under any Debtor Relief Law.

2.c.8 Mandatory Principal Payments.  If, on any day, the Total Outstandings exceed the Maximum Loan Amount, then the Borrower shall make a principal payment to Administrative Agent in the amount of such excess, in immediately available funds within ten (10) Business Days of demand from the Administrative Agent (a “Mandatory Principal Payment”); with such payment being applied to the principal balances due hereunder is such fashion as the Borrower may designate; provided, however, that if during such ten (10) Business Day period, the Borrower delivers to the Administrative Agent Funding Evidence, such ten (10) Business Day period shall be extended for such additional time as the Administrative Agent determines, in its reasonable discretion, to be required by the Borrower to make the Mandatory Principal Payment but in no event shall such period exceed a maximum of sixty (60) days from the date that the Mandatory Principal Payment would otherwise be due hereunder.  

2.c.9 Prepayment.  Any Loan or any portion thereof made under the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility, or the Tranche D Term Facility may be prepaid in full or in part at any time upon two (2) Business Days prior written notice to the Administrative Agent without premium or penalty with respect to Base Rate Advances and, with respect to LIBO Rate Advances, subject to payment of any applicable Breakage Fee.  Any Loan or any portion thereof made under the Tranche A Term Facility may be prepaid in full or in part at any time upon two (2) Business Days prior written notice to the Administrative Agent subject to the payment of (a) with respect to Base Rate Advances, any applicable Prepayment Premium and, (b) with respect to LIBO Rate Advances, any applicable Prepayment Premium and any applicable Breakage Fee.  Amounts prepaid under the Tranche A Term Facility, the Tranche B Term Facility, the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility may not be reborrowed under any circumstances.  

2.c.10 Maturity.  At the Tranche A Term Facility Maturity, the Tranche B Term Facility Maturity, the Tranche C Term Facility Maturity or the Tranche D Term Facility, as applicable, all accrued interest, principal and other charges due with respect to the respective facility shall be due and payable in full and the principal balance and such other charges, including unpaid interest, shall, at the option of the Administrative Agent, continue to bear interest thereafter at the Default Rate until so paid.

2.c.11 Method of Payment; Date of Credit; Administrative Agent’s Clawback.

(a) General.  All payments to be made by the Borrower shall be made without condition or deduction for any counterclaim, defense, recoupment or setoff.  Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all payments by the Borrower hereunder shall be made to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the respective Lenders to which such payment is owed, at the Administrative Agent’s Office in Dollars and in immediately available funds not later than 2:00 p.m. on the date specified herein.  The Administrative Agent will promptly distribute to each Lender its Commitment Percentage (or other applicable share as provided herein) of such payment in like funds as received by wire transfer to such Lender’s Lending Office.  All payments received by the Administrative Agent after 2:00 p.m. shall be deemed received on the next succeeding Business Day and any applicable interest or fee shall continue to accrue.  If any payment to be made by the Borrower shall come due on a day other than a Business Day, payment shall be made on the next following Business Day, and such extension of time shall be reflected in computing interest or fees, as the case may be.

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(b)(i) Funding by Lenders; Presumption by Administrative Agent.  Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from a Lender prior to the proposed date of any LIBO Rate Advance (or, in the case of any Base Rate Advance, prior to 12:00 noon on the date of such Loan Advance) that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of such Loan Advance, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender has made such share available on such date in accordance with Section 2.1 (or, in the case of a Base Rate Advance, that such Lender has made such share available in accordance with and at the time required by Section 2.1) and may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the Borrower a corresponding amount.  In such event, if a Lender has not in fact made its share of the applicable Loan Advance available to the Administrative Agent, then the applicable Lender and the Borrower severally agree to pay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand such corresponding amount in immediately available funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is made available to the Borrower to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at (A) in the case of a payment to be made by such Lender, the greater of the Federal Funds Rate and a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, plus any administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by the Administrative Agent in connection with the foregoing, and (B) in the case of a payment to be made by the Borrower, the interest rate applicable to Base Rate Advances.  If the Borrower and such Lender shall pay such interest to the Administrative Agent for the same or an overlapping period, the Administrative Agent shall promptly remit to the Borrower the amount of such interest paid by the Borrower for such period.  If such Lender pays its share of the applicable Loan Advance to the Administrative Agent, then the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s Loan included in such Loan Advance and the Borrower shall have no further obligation with respect thereto under this Section 2.3.11(b)(i) in respect of such Lender’s share of the Loan Advance; it being understood that such amount advanced by such Lender shall constitute a Loan for all purposes hereunder.  Any payment by the Borrower shall be without prejudice to any claim the Borrower may have against a Lender that shall have failed to make such payment to the Administrative Agent.

(ii) Payments by Borrower; Presumptions by Administrative Agent.  Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Borrower prior to the date on which any payment is due to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Lenders hereunder, stating that the Borrower will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that the Borrower has made such payment on such date in accordance herewith and may, in reliance upon such assumption, distribute to the Lenders the amount due.  In such event, if the Borrower has not in fact made such payment, then each of the Lenders severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand the amount so distributed to such Lender, in immediately available funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is distributed to it to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at the greater of the Federal Funds Rate and a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation.

A notice of the Administrative Agent to any Lender or the Borrower with respect to any amount owing under this subsection (b) shall be conclusive, absent manifest error.

(c) Failure to Satisfy Conditions Precedent.  If any Lender makes available to the Administrative Agent funds for any Loan Advance to be made by such Lender as provided in the foregoing provisions of this Section 2, and such funds are not made available to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent because the conditions to the applicable Credit Extension set forth in Section 5 are not satisfied or waived in accordance with the terms hereof, the Administrative Agent shall return such funds (in like funds as received from such Lender) to such Lender, without interest.

(d) Funding Source.  Nothing herein shall be deemed to obligate any Lender to obtain the funds for any Loan Advance in any particular place or manner or to constitute a representation by any Lender that it has obtained or will obtain the funds for any Loan Advance in any particular place or manner.

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2.c.12 Billings.  The Administrative Agent may submit monthly billings reflecting payments due; however, any changes in the interest rate which occur between the date of billing and the due date may be reflected in the billing for a subsequent month.  Neither the failure of the Administrative Agent to submit a billing nor any error in any such billing shall excuse the Borrower from the obligation to make full payment of all the Borrower’s payment obligations when due.

2.c.13 Default Rate.

(a) If any Event of Default has occurred and is continuing pursuant to Section 10.1.1, the Borrower shall pay interest on the principal amount of all outstanding Obligations hereunder at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

(b) In the sole discretion of the Administrative Agent or upon the request of the Required Lenders, while any other Event of Default exists, the Borrower shall pay interest on the principal amount of all outstanding Obligations hereunder at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

(c) Accrued and unpaid interest on past due amounts (including interest on past due interest) shall be due and payable upon demand.

2.c.14 Late Charges.  The Borrower shall pay a late charge (herein, the “Late Charge”) equal to five percent (5%) of the amount of any interest which is not paid within ten (10) days of the due date thereof.  Late charges are: (a) payable in addition to, and not in limitation of, the Default Rate, (b) intended to compensate the Administrative Agent and the Lenders for administrative and processing costs incident to late payments, (c) are not interest, and (d) shall not be subject to refund or rebate or credited against any other amount due.

2.c.15 Breakage Fee.  The Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent, for the ratable benefit of the Lenders, immediately upon request and notwithstanding contrary provisions contained in any of the Loan Documents, such amounts as shall, in the conclusive judgment of the Administrative Agent (in the absence of manifest error), compensate the Administrative Agent and the Lenders for the loss, cost or expense which it may reasonably incur as a result of (i) any payment or prepayment, under any circumstances whatsoever, whether voluntary or involuntary, of all or any portion of a LIBO Rate Advance on a date other than the last day of the applicable Interest Period of a LIBO Rate Advance, (ii) the conversion, for any reason whatsoever, whether voluntary or involuntary, of any LIBO Rate Advance to a Base Rate Advance on a date other than the last day of the applicable Interest Period, (iii) the failure of all or a portion of a Loan Advance which was to have borne interest at the LIBO Rate pursuant to the request of the Borrower to be made under the Loan Agreement (except as a result of any act or omission of Lender), or (iv) the failure of the Borrower to borrow in accordance with any request submitted by it for a LIBO Rate Advance.  Such amounts payable by the Borrower shall be equal to any administrative costs actually incurred plus any amounts required to compensate for any loss, cost or expense incurred by reason of the liquidation or redeployment of deposits or other funds acquired by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to fund or maintain a LIBO Rate Advance (herein, collectively, the “Breakage Fee”).  A certificate from a Lender provided to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent setting forth the calculation and amount of its Breakage Fee shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

2.c.16 Borrower Information.  The parties understand that the applicable interest rate for the Borrower’s Obligations and certain fees set forth herein may be determined and/or adjusted from time to time based upon certain financial ratios and/or other information to be provided or certified to the Lenders by Borrower (the “Borrower Information”).  If it is subsequently determined that any such Borrower Information was incorrect (for whatever reason, including without limitation because of a subsequent restatement of earnings by the Borrower) at the time it was delivered to the Agent, and if the applicable interest rate or fees calculated for any period were different than they should have been had the correct information been timely provided, then, such interest rate and such fees for such period shall be automatically recalculated using correct Borrower Information.  The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify Borrower in writing of any

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additional interest and fees due because of such recalculation, and the Borrower shall pay such additional interest or fees due to the Administrative Agent, for the account of each Lender, within five (5) Business Days of receipt of such written notice.  Borrower shall receive a credit or refund of any overpayment promptly after such determination.  Any recalculation of interest or fees required by this provision shall survive the termination of this Agreement, and this provision shall not in any way limit any of the Administrative Agent’s or any Lender’s other rights under this Agreement

d. Loan Fees.

2.d.1 Loan Fees.  The Borrower shall pay the Administrative Agent for the account of the parties specified therein the various fees in accordance with the Fee Letter.

2.d.2 Payment of Fees Generally.  All fees payable hereunder shall be paid on the dates due, in immediately available funds, to the Administrative Agent for distribution, in the case of facility fees and participation fees, to the Lenders.  Except as otherwise provided herein or in the Fee Letter, fees paid under this Agreement shall not be refundable under any circumstances.

e. Intentionally Omitted.

f. Additional Provisions Related to Interest Rate Selection.

2.f.1 Increased Costs.  If any Change in Law shall:

(a) impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in by, any Lender (except any reserve requirement reflected in the LIBO Rate);

(b) subject any Lender to any tax of any kind whatsoever with respect to this Agreement or any LIBO Rate Advance made by it, or change the basis of taxation of payments to such Lender in respect thereof; or

(c) impose on any Lender or the London interbank market any other condition, cost or expense affecting this Agreement or LIBO Rate Advances made by such Lender;

and the result of any of the foregoing shall be to increase the cost to such Lender of making or maintaining any LIBO Rate Advance (or of maintaining its obligation to make any such Loan), or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by such Lender hereunder (whether of principal, interest or any other amount) then, promptly upon request of such Lender, the Borrower will pay to such Lender, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender, for such additional costs incurred or reduction suffered.  A certificate from a Lender provided to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent setting forth such amounts together with calculations thereof shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

2.f.2 Capital Requirements.  If any Lender determines that any Change in Law affecting such Lender or any Lending Office of such Lender or such Lender’s holding company, if any, regarding capital or liquidity ratios or requirements has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s capital or liquidity or on the capital or liquidity of such Lender’s holding company, if any, as a consequence of this Agreement, the Commitments of such Lender or the Loans made by such Lender, to a level below that which such Lender or such Lender’s holding company could have achieved but for such Change in Law (taking into consideration such Lender’s policies and the policies of such Lender’s holding company with respect to capital adequacy), then from time to time (and in any event within twenty (20) days) the Borrower will pay to such Lender, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Lender’s holding company for any such reduction suffered.  A certificate from a Lender provided to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent setting forth such amounts together with calculations thereof shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

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2.f.3 Illegality.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, if any Change in Law shall make it unlawful, or any central bank or Governmental Authority shall assert by directive, guideline or otherwise, that it is unlawful, for any Lender to make or maintain LIBO Rate Advances or to continue to fund or maintain LIBO Rate Advances, and such Lender, without cost or expense,  cannot hold or administer its Commitment from an office where maintaining and funding LIBO Rate Advances can be accomplished, then, on written notice thereof and demand by the Administrative Agent to the Borrower, (a) the obligation of the Administrative Agent to make LIBO Rate Advances and to convert or continue any Loan as LIBO Rate Advances shall terminate and (b) at the end of the applicable Interest Period, the Borrower shall convert all principal outstanding under this Agreement into Base Rate Advances.

2.f.4 Availability.  If, before or after the Borrower has selected to take or maintain a LIBO Rate Advance, but before the Interest Period with respect thereto commences, the Administrative Agent notifies the Borrower that:

(a) Dollar deposits in the amount and for the maturity requested are not available to the Lenders in the London interbank market at the rate specified in the definition of LIBO Rate set forth above, or

(b) Reasonable means do not exist for the Administrative Agent to determine the LIBO Rate for the amounts and maturity requested,

then the principal which would have been a LIBO Rate Advance shall be a Base Rate Advance.

2.f.5 Base Rate Advances.  Each Base Rate Advance shall continue as a Base Rate Advance until the Maturity Date, unless sooner converted, in whole or in part, to a LIBO Rate Advance, subject to the limitations and conditions set forth in this Agreement.

2.f.6 Delay in Requests.  Failure or delay on the part of any Lender to demand compensation pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section shall not constitute a waiver of such Lender’s right to demand such compensation, provided that the Borrower shall not be required to compensate a Lender pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section for any increased costs incurred or reductions suffered more than six months prior to the date that such Lender notifies the Borrower of the change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions and of such Lender’s intention to claim compensation therefor (except that, if the change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions is retroactive, then the six-month period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof).

2.f.7 Mitigation.

(a) Designation of a Different Lending Office.  If any Lender requests compensation under this Section 2.6, or the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 2.8, then such Lender shall, as applicable, use reasonable efforts to designate a different Lending Office for funding or booking its Loans hereunder or to assign its rights and obligations hereunder to another of its offices, branches or affiliates, if, in the judgment of such Lender, such designation or assignment (i) would eliminate or reduce amounts payable pursuant to Sections 2.8 or 2.6.1, 2.6.2, as the case may be, and (ii) in each case, would not subject such Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense and would not otherwise be disadvantageous to such Lender.  The Borrower hereby agrees to pay all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by any Lender in connection with any such designation or assignment.

(b) Replacement of Lenders.  If any Lender requests compensation under Sections 2.6.1 or 2.6.2, or if the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 2.8, the Borrower may replace such Lender in accordance with Section 13.2.4.

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2.f.8 Survival.  All of the Borrower’s obligations under this Section 2.6 shall survive termination of the Total Commitments, repayment of all other Obligations hereunder and resignation of the Administrative Agent.

2.f.9 Taxes.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no additional amounts shall be payable by Borrower under this Section 2.6 with respect to Taxes on any amounts payable under the Loan Documents, which shall be governed by the provisions of Section 2.8 hereof.

g. Intentionally Omitted.

h. Taxes.

2.h.1 Payments Free of Taxes; Obligation to Withhold; Payments on Account of Taxes.  

(a) Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party hereunder or under any other Loan Document (including, without limitation, each Guaranty) shall, to the extent permitted by applicable Laws, be made free and clear of and without reduction or withholding for any Taxes.  If, however, applicable Laws require a Loan Party or the Administrative Agent to withhold or deduct any Tax, such Tax shall be withheld or deducted in accordance with such Laws as determined by such Loan Party or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be, upon the basis of the information and documentation to be delivered pursuant to Section 2.8.5 below.

(b) If the Borrower or the Administrative Agent shall be required by the Code to withhold or deduct any Taxes, including both United States Federal backup withholding and withholding taxes, from any payment, then (A) the Administrative Agent shall withhold or make such deductions as are determined by the Administrative Agent to be required based upon the information and documentation it has received pursuant to Section 2.8.5 below (unless the Administrative Agent is not a “United States person” within the meaning of Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code, in which case Borrower shall withhold or make such deductions as are determined by the Borrower to be required based on the information and documentation it has received pursuant to Section 2.8.5 below), (B) the Administrative Agent shall timely pay the full amount withheld or deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with the Code (unless the Administrative Agent is not a “United States person” within the meaning of Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code, in which case Borrower shall timely pay the full amount withheld and deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with the Code), and (C) to the extent that the withholding or deduction is made on account of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes, the sum payable by the Borrower shall be increased as necessary so that after any required withholding or the making of all required deductions (including deductions applicable to additional sums payable under this Section) the Administrative Agent or Lender, as the case may be, receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such withholding or deduction been made.

2.h.2 Payment of Other Taxes by the Borrower.  Without limiting the provisions of Section 2.8.1 above, the Borrower shall timely pay any Other Taxes to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Laws.

2.h.3 Tax Indemnifications.

(a) Without limiting the provisions of Sections 2.8.1 or 2.8.2 above, the Borrower shall, and does hereby, indemnify the Administrative Agent and each Lender, and shall make payment in respect thereof within 20 days after written demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section) withheld or deducted by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent or paid by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, and any penalties, interest and reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the

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relevant Governmental Authority.  The Borrower shall also, and does hereby, indemnify the Administrative Agent, and shall make payment in respect thereof within twenty (20) days after written demand therefor, for any amount which a Lender for any reason fails to pay indefeasibly to the Administrative Agent as required by clause (b) of this subsection.  A certificate as to the amount of any such payment or liability delivered to the Borrower by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

(b) Without limiting the provisions of Sections 2.8.1 or 2.8.2 above, each Lender shall, and does hereby, indemnify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent, and shall make payment in respect thereof within twenty (20) days after written demand therefor, against any and all Taxes and any and all related losses, claims, liabilities, penalties, interest and expenses (including the fees, charges and disbursements of any counsel for the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) incurred by or asserted against the Borrower or the Administrative Agent by any Governmental Authority as a result of the failure by such Lender to deliver, or as a result of the inaccuracy, inadequacy or deficiency of, any documentation required to be delivered by such Lender to the Borrower or the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.8.5.  Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under this Agreement or any other Loan Document against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this clause (b).  The agreements in this clause (b) shall survive the resignation and/or replacement of the Administrative Agent, any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Commitments and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all other Obligations.

2.h.4 Evidence of Payments.  Upon request by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be, after any payment of Taxes by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to a Governmental Authority as provided in this Section 2.8, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent or the Administrative Agent shall deliver to the Borrower, as the case may be, the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of any return required by Law to report such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be.

2.h.5 Status of Lenders; Tax Documentation.

(a) Each Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and to the Administrative Agent, at the time or times prescribed by applicable Laws or when reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation prescribed by applicable Laws or by the taxing authorities of any jurisdiction and such other reasonably requested information as will permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be, to determine (A) whether or not payments made hereunder or under any other Loan Document are subject to Taxes, (B) if applicable, the required rate of withholding or deduction, and (C) such Lender's entitlement to any available exemption from, or reduction of, applicable Taxes in respect of all payments to be made to such Lender by the Borrower pursuant to this Agreement or otherwise to establish such Lender's status for withholding tax purposes in the applicable jurisdiction.

(b) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, if the Borrower is resident for tax purposes in the United States,

(i) Any Lender that is a “United States person” within the meaning of Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent executed originals of Internal Revenue Service Form W-9 or such other documentation or information prescribed by applicable Laws or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case

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may be, to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements; and

(ii) Each Foreign Lender that is entitled under the Code or any applicable treaty to an exemption from or reduction of withholding tax with respect to payments hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, but only if such Foreign Lender is legally entitled to do so), whichever of the following is applicable:

(A) Executed originals of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8BEN claiming eligibility for benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party,

(B) Executed originals of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8ECI,

(C) Executed originals of Internal Revenue Service Form W-8IMY and all required supporting documentation,

(D) In the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under section 881(c) of the Code, (x) a certificate to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not (A) a “bank” within the meaning of section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, (B) a “10 percent shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Code, or (C) a “controlled foreign corporation” described in section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Code and (y) executed originals of  Internal Revenue Service Form W-8BEN, or

(E) Executed originals of any other form prescribed by applicable Laws as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in United States Federal withholding tax together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by applicable Laws to permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made.

(c) If a payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent at the time or times prescribed by law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by applicable law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Administrative Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this Section 2.8.5(c), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.

(d) Each Lender shall promptly (A) notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent of any change in circumstances which would modify or render invalid any claimed exemption or reduction, and (B) take such steps as shall not be materially disadvantageous to it, in the reasonable judgment of such Lender, and as may be reasonably necessary (including the re-designation of its Lending Office) to avoid any requirement of applicable Laws of any jurisdiction that the Borrower or the Administrative Agent make any withholding or deduction for taxes from amounts payable to such Lender.

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2.h.6 Treatment of Certain Refunds.  Unless required by applicable Laws, at no time shall the Administrative Agent have any obligation to file for or otherwise pursue on behalf of a Lender, or have any obligation to pay to any Lender, any refund of Taxes withheld or deducted from funds paid for the account of such Lender.  If the Administrative Agent or any Lender determines, in its sole discretion, that it has received a refund of any Taxes or Other Taxes as to which it has been indemnified by the Borrower or with respect to which the Borrower has paid additional amounts pursuant to this Section, it shall pay to the Borrower an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made, or additional amounts paid, by the Borrower under this Section with respect to the Taxes or Other Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses actually incurred by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund), provided that the Borrower, upon the request of the Administrative Agent or such Lender, agrees to repay the amount paid over to the Borrower (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) to the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, in the event the Administrative Agent or such Lender is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority.  This Section shall not be construed to require the Administrative Agent or any Lender to make available its tax returns (or any other information relating to its taxes that it deems confidential) to the Borrower or any other Person.

i. Defaulting Lenders.

2.i.1 Adjustments.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as that Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by applicable Laws:

(a) Waivers and Amendments.  That Defaulting Lender’s right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent with respect to this Agreement shall be restricted as set forth in the definition of “Required Lenders” and in Section 13.4.1.

(b) Defaulting Lender Waterfall.  Any payment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts received by the Administrative Agent for the account of such Defaulting Lender (whether voluntary or mandatory, at maturity, pursuant to Article XI or otherwise) or received by the Administrative Agent from a Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 12.2 shall be applied at such time or times as may be reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent as follows: first, to the payment of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder; second, as the Borrower may request (so long as no Default or Event of Default exists), to the funding of any Loan in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent; third, if so determined by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, to be held in an interest bearing deposit account and released pro rata in order to satisfy such Defaulting Lender’s potential future funding obligations with respect to Loans under this Agreement; fourth, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Lenders as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by any Lender against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; fifth, so long as no Event of Default exists, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Borrower as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by the Borrower against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender's breach of its obligations under this Agreement; and sixth, to such Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if (x) such payment is a payment of the principal amount of any Loans in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has not fully funded its appropriate share, and (y) such Loans were made at a time when the conditions set forth in Section 5.2 were satisfied or waived, such payment shall be applied first to pay the Loans of all Non-Defaulting Lenders on a pro rata basis prior to being applied to the payment of any Loans of such Defaulting Lender until such time as all Loans are held by the Lenders pro rata in accordance with the Commitments hereunder.  Any payments, prepayments or other amounts paid or payable to a Defaulting Lender that are applied (or held) to pay amounts owed by a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this Section 2.9.1(b) shall be deemed paid to and redirected by such Defaulting Lender, and each Lender irrevocably consents hereto.

2.i.2 Defaulting Lender Cure.  If Borrower and Administrative Agent agree in writing in their sole discretion that a Defaulting Lender should no longer be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender, Administrative

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Agent will so notify the parties hereto, whereupon as of the effective date specified in such notice and subject to any conditions set forth therein, that Lender will, to the extent applicable, purchase at par that portion of outstanding Loans of the other Lenders or take such other actions as Administrative Agent may determine to be necessary to cause the Loans to be held on a pro rata basis by the Lenders in accordance with their Commitment Percentages, whereupon that Lender will cease to be a Defaulting Lender; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of Borrower while that Lender was a Defaulting Lender; and provided, further, that, except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from that Lender’s having been a Defaulting Lender.

3. BORROWING BASE PROPERTIES.

a. Loan Documents.  The Loan shall be made, evidenced, administered and governed by all of the terms, conditions and provisions of the following loan documents (the “Loan Documents”), each as the same may be hereafter modified or amended, consisting of: (i) this Loan Agreement; (ii) the Notes; (iii) the unconditional, continuing guaranty (individually and collectively the “Guaranty”) from each Guarantor, pursuant to which each Guarantor shall guaranty the prompt, punctual, and faithful payment of the Loan and the performance of all Borrower’s other Obligations to the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders under the Loan Documents and Swap Contracts in substantially the form of Exhibit F-1 or F-2, as applicable, which shall include each Borrowing Base Property Owner and each direct owner of the equity in a Borrowing Base Property Owner (other than the Borrower) that is a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower; and (iv) any other documents, instruments, or agreements heretofore or hereafter executed to further evidence or secure the Loan and obligations arising under the Swap Contracts.

b. Removal of Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property - Borrower.  From time to time during the term of this Agreement following (i) Borrower’s written request (“Release Request”) and (ii) satisfaction of the Release Conditions, the Administrative Agent shall, in each case to the extent applicable, release the subject Borrowing Base Property Owner (and indirect owners thereof, as applicable) from the Guaranty by executing a Release of Guaranty in the form of Exhibit B to the Guaranty, and thereafter, to the extent such Borrowing Base Property Owner does not own any other Borrowing Base Property, such Borrowing Base Property Owner (and other Guarantors, as applicable) shall no longer be a Loan Party for the purposes of this Agreement; provided, however, any such release by the Administrative Agent shall not be deemed to terminate or release such Borrowing Base Property Owner from any obligation or liability under any Loan Document which specifically by its terms survives the said release or the payment in full of the Obligations.  The “Release Conditions” are the following:

3.b.1 Borrowing Base Compliance.  After giving effect to the release of the Borrowing Base Property, the Total Outstandings will be less than or equal to the Maximum Loan Amount.

3.b.2 Financial Covenant Compliance.  Upon release of the subject Borrowing Base Property, the Financial Covenants shall remain satisfied (or be satisfied if the release cures a Default which resulted from the Financial Covenants not being satisfied).

3.b.3 No Default Upon Release.  No Default shall exist under this Agreement or the other Loan Documents at the time of any such release, including, without limitation, under Section 7.2.1 hereof, except for any Default which is cured or remedied by the removal of such Individual Property from being a Borrowing Base Property.

3.b.4 No Default Prior to Release.  No Event of Default shall exist under this Agreement or the other Loan Documents at the time of the Release Request or at the time of any such release, including, without limitation, under Section 7.21 hereof, except for any Event of Default which is cured or remedied by the removal of such Individual Property from being a Borrowing Base Property.

3.b.5 [Reserved].  

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3.b.6 Payment of Fees.  The Borrower shall pay or reimburse the Administrative Agent for all reasonable legal fees and expenses and other reasonable costs and expenses incurred by Administrative Agent in connection with the release.

Any failure of any removal and release requested by the Borrower to meet all of the Release Conditions shall be deemed a rejection of the proposed Release Request and, subject to the other terms and conditions hereof as to whether any Individual Property is a Borrowing Base Property, such Borrowing Base Property shall remain a Borrowing Base Property hereunder.

c. Removal of Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property - Administrative Agent.

3.c.1 Removal Criteria.  An Individual Property shall no longer be deemed to be a Borrowing Base Property upon the determination by the Administrative Agent of the occurrence of any of the following:

(a) A Major Event of Loss occurs as to a Borrowing Base Property;

(b) A Borrowing Base Property as to which an Event of Loss occurs is not, or ceases to be, a Restoration Property, or upon completion of the Repair Work, will not meet all of the Borrowing Base Property Requirements; or

(c) The Required Lenders have instructed the Administrative Agent to remove a Borrowing Base Property if a tenant or tenants which have Leases in such Borrowing Base Property are subject to bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings and are not paying rent as required under such Leases or have filed a motion to reject such Lease, or have not assumed such Lease within sixty (60) days (or such longer period granted by the applicable bankruptcy court, not to exceed one hundred eighty (180) days) after such tenant’s bankruptcy filing.

3.c.2 [Reserved].

3.c.3 Release by Administrative Agent.  With respect to any Individual Property determined by the Administrative Agent to no longer be deemed a Borrowing Base Property in accordance with this Section 3.3, if requested by the Borrower and the Release Conditions are satisfied with respect thereto, the Administrative Agent shall, in each case to the extent applicable,  release the subject Borrowing Base Property Owner (and indirect owners thereof, as applicable)  from the Guaranty by executing a Release of Guaranty in the form of Exhibit B to the Guaranty, and thereafter, to the extent such Borrowing Base Property Owner does not own any other Borrowing Base Property, such Borrowing Base Property Owner (and other Guarantors, as applicable) shall no longer be a Loan Party for the purposes of this Agreement; provided, however, any such release by the Administrative Agent shall not be deemed to terminate or release such Borrowing Base Property Owner from any obligation or liability under any Loan Document which specifically by its terms survives the said release or the payment in full of the Obligations.  

d. Additional Borrowing Base Property.  From time to time during the term of this Agreement following the Borrower’s written request (“Additional Borrowing Base Request”), the Administrative Agent shall accept one or more Individual Properties as Borrowing Base Properties upon the satisfaction of the following conditions, in a manner reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent:

(a) If sought by the Borrower, the Borrower shall have obtained Preliminary Approval for the addition of such Individual Property.

(b) The Borrower (or applicable Loan Party) shall have satisfied all of the Borrowing Base Property Requirements as to such Individual Property.

(c) The Borrower and the applicable Loan Parties shall have executed and delivered the documents set forth in Section 3.1, including a Counterpart to Guaranty in substantially the form of Exhibit A to the Guaranty.

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(d) The Borrower shall pay or reimburse the Administrative Agent for all reasonable legal fees and expenses and other costs and expenses incurred by Administrative Agent in connection with the additional Borrowing Base Property.

(e) The Borrower, the subject Borrowing Base Property Owner, and the subject Individual Property shall have satisfied all applicable conditions precedent set forth in Article 5 prior to the inclusion of the Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property.

The Administrative Agent shall give the Borrower prompt written notice of its determination with respect to the admission or rejection of any Individual Property as a Borrowing Base Property.  To the extent that an Individual Property does not meet the requirements set forth above, the Borrower may nevertheless request that such Individual Property be included as a Borrowing Base Property and the Required Lenders may, in their sole and absolute discretion, agree to the acceptance of such Individual Property as an additional Borrowing Base Property.

4. CONTINUING AUTHORITY OF AUTHORIZED OFFICERS.

The Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders are authorized to rely upon the continuing authority of the Authorized Officers with respect to all matters pertaining to the Loan and the Loan Documents including, but not limited to, the selection of interest rates, the submission of requests for Loan Advances and certificates with regard thereto.  Such authorization may be changed only upon written notice to Administrative Agent accompanied by evidence, reasonably satisfactory to Administrative Agent, of the authority of such Authorized Officer giving such notice and such notice shall be effective not sooner than five (5) Business Days following receipt thereof by Administrative Agent.  The Authorized Officers as of the Closing Date are as set forth on Schedule 4.

5. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT.

a. Closing Loan and Funding Initial Loan Advance.  It shall be a condition precedent of Lenders’ obligation to close the Loan and fund the Tranche C Term Facility or the Tranche D Term Facility that each of the following conditions precedent be satisfied in full, unless specifically waived in writing by all of the Lenders at or prior to the date of this Agreement (the “Closing Date”):

5.a.1 Satisfactory Loan Documents.  On the Closing Date, each of the Loan Documents shall be satisfactory in form, content and manner of execution and delivery to the Administrative Agent and the Administrative Agent’s counsel, and all Loan Documents shall be in full force and effect.

5.a.2 Financial Information; No Material Change.

(a) No change shall have occurred in the financial condition, business, affairs, operations or control of Borrower and/or the Loan Parties, since the date of their respective financial statements most recently delivered to Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders, which change has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and Borrower and the other Loan Parties shall have furnished Administrative Agent such other financial information, and certifications as reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent.

(b) The Borrower shall have provided to the Administrative Agent such certificates and other evidence as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require to evidence that the Borrower, CRT and each of the Borrowing Base Property Owners (both before and after giving effect to the Loan) is solvent, has assets having a fair value in excess of the amount required to pay such Person’s probable liabilities and existing Debts as such become absolute and mature, and has adequate capital for the conduct of such Person’s business and the ability to pay such Person’s Debts from time to time incurred in connection therewith as such Debts mature, including the Closing Compliance Certificate (the “Closing Compliance Certificate”) set forth as Exhibit E hereto or in such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent.

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5.a.3 Representations and Warranties Accurate.  All representations and warranties made by or on behalf of the Borrower and the other Loan Parties, or any of them, to the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects and shall not omit any material fact necessary to make the same not materially misleading.

5.a.4 Lien Searches.  On or prior to the Closing Date, the Administrative Agent shall have received the results of a UCC, tax lien and judgment search as may be reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent with respect to the Borrower and any other Loan Parties, and the results of such search shall indicate there are no judgments which the Administrative Agent shall reasonably determine in good faith could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or Liens not permitted under the Loan Documents or to be satisfied with the proceeds of the initial Loan Advance or otherwise permitted by the Administrative Agent.

5.a.5 Litigation.  On the Closing Date, there shall not be any actions, suits or proceedings at law or in equity or by or before any governmental instrumentality or other agency or regulatory authority by any entity (private or governmental) pending or, to the best of the Borrower’s knowledge, threatened with respect to the Loan, the transactions contemplated in the Loan Documents, or the Borrower, any other Loan Party, or any other Borrower Subsidiary, which are not fully covered (subject to deductibles) by an insurance policy issued by a reputable and financially viable insurance company, or, to the extent not so covered, which the Administrative Agent shall reasonably determine in good faith could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

5.a.6 Formation Documents and Entity Agreements.  On the Closing Date, the Administrative Agent shall have received a certificate of an Authorized Officer of each Loan Party (or the manager or general partner of such Loan Party, as applicable) certifying (a) as to resolutions of such Loan Party authorizing and approving the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents, and the execution and delivery thereof by such Loan Party in respect of the documents to which it is a party on its own behalf, or as a general partner or manager of such Loan Party, in respect of any of the Loan Documents, (b) as to signatures and incumbency of all Authorized Officers of such Loan Party (or the manager or general partner of such Loan Party, as applicable) executing documentation on behalf of such entity or on behalf of such Loan Party, in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents, (c) that the Formation Documents of such Loan Party delivered on the Closing Date (with respect to the Borrowing Base Properties other than the Existing Borrowing Base Properties) or in connection with the Existing Facility (with respect to the Existing Borrowing Base Properties) have been duly executed, delivered and filed (to the extent required by applicable Laws) and are or remain, as applicable, in full force and effect and unmodified except as stated therein as of the date of such certificate (and annexing copies thereof with respect to the Formation Documents delivered on the Closing Date) and (d) the good standing certificates of such Loan Party for (i) its state of formation and (ii) such other good standing certificates where the conduct of such Loan Party’s business and ownership of its assets requires such qualification unless the failure to be so qualified could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on such Loan Party.

5.a.7 Compliance With Laws.  The Administrative Agent shall have received and approved evidence that there are no Laws which prohibit or adversely limit the capacity or authority of the Borrower or any Loan Party to enter into the Loan Documents and perform the obligations of such Person with respect thereto.

5.a.8 Compliance With Financial Covenants.  The Lenders shall have received from the Administrative Agent the Closing Compliance Certificate or other evidence reflecting the Borrower’s compliance with the Financial Covenants and the terms and conditions hereof after giving effect to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

5.a.9 Borrowing Base Property Due Diligence.  The Administrative Agent shall have received and completed a review of such due diligence as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require with respect to any Borrowing Base Property, consistent with customary commercial lending practices for unsecured lines of credit involving properties of a similar nature including, without limitation, satisfaction of the Borrowing Base Property Requirements.

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5.a.10 Condition of Property.  There shall have been no material unrepaired or unrestored damage or destruction by fire or otherwise to any of the real or tangible personal property comprising or intended to comprise the Borrowing Base Properties.

5.a.11 Third Party Consents and Agreements.  The Administrative Agent shall have received such third party consents and agreements, if any, as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require with respect to the entering into the Loan Documents and the performance of the obligations thereunder.

5.a.12 Legal and other Opinions.  The Administrative Agent shall have received and approved legal opinion letters from counsel representing the Borrower and the other Loan Parties which meet Administrative Agent’s legal opinion requirements and covering such matters incident to the transactions contemplated herein as the Administrative Agent may request.

5.a.13 Intentionally Omitted.

5.a.14 No Default.  There shall not be any Default under any of the Loan Documents.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, with respect to any Existing Borrowing Base Property, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders hereby agree that the only closing requirements with respect to such Existing Borrowing Base Properties shall be receipt of (a) satisfactory legal opinion letters from counsel representing the Borrower and the other Loan Parties with respect to such Existing Borrowing Base Properties, (b) the other documentation set forth on the closing agenda provided by the Administrative Agent, including, without limitation, the Guaranty from each Guarantor, and (c) such other documentation, to the extent not previously delivered and in the possession of the Administrative Agent, required under the definition of Borrowing Base Property Requirements; it being understood that upon execution of this Agreement, each Lender agrees that the Borrowing Base Property Requirements for each Existing Borrowing Base Property have been satisfied.

b. Conditions to all Credit Extensions.  The obligation of each Lender to honor any Credit Extension (other than a Loan Notice requesting only a conversion of Loans to the other Type, or a continuation of LIBO Rate Advances) is subject to the following conditions precedent:

5.b.1 Financial Covenant Compliance.  The Borrower shall be in compliance, on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such Credit Extension, with the Financial Covenants, as satisfied by the Closing Compliance Certificate, or once delivered, the most recent Compliance Certificate delivered by the Borrower.

5.b.2 No Default.  No Default or Event of Default shall exist, or would result from such proposed Credit Extension or from the application of the proceeds thereof

5.b.3 Loan Notice.  The Administrative Agent shall have received a Loan Notice in accordance with the requirements hereof.

Each request for a Credit Extension (other than a Loan Notice requesting only a conversion of Loans to the other Type or a continuation of LIBO Rate Advances) submitted by the Borrower shall be deemed to be a certification that the conditions specified in Sections 5.2.1, 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 have been satisfied on and as of the date of the applicable Credit Extension.

6. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.

To induce the Lenders to enter into this Agreement and to make each Loan Advance, and to otherwise complete all of the transactions contemplated hereby, the Borrower represents and warrants to the Administrative Agent and each Lender that:

a. Formation.  Each Loan Party has been duly formed and is validly existing and in good standing as a corporation, partnership or limited liability company, as the case may be, under the laws of the State of its formation.  

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Each Loan Party has the requisite corporate, partnership or limited liability company power and authority, as applicable, to own its assets and conduct its businesses as currently conducted and owned, and to enter into and perform its obligations under each Loan Document to which it is a party.  Each Loan Party is in good standing and authorized to do business in each jurisdiction where the ownership of its assets and/or the conduct of its business requires such qualification except where the failure to be so qualified could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  No Loan Party is an EEA Financial Institution.

b. Proceedings; Enforceability.  Each Loan Party has taken all requisite corporate, partnership or limited liability company action, as applicable, to authorize the execution, delivery and performance by such Loan Party of the Loan Documents to which it is a party.  Each Loan Document which is required to be executed and delivered on or prior to the date on which this representation and warranty is being made has been duly authorized, executed and delivered and constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligation of each Loan Party thereto, enforceable against each such Loan Party in accordance with its respective terms except to the extent that the enforceability thereof may be limited by applicable Debtor Relief Laws and to general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforcement is sought in a proceeding in equity or at law).

c. Conflicts.  Neither the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents by the Loan Parties nor compliance by any Loan Party with the terms and provisions thereof, (a) will contravene any provision of any Law or any order, writ, injunction or decree of any court or Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Borrower, the Property or any Loan Party, (b) will conflict with or result in any breach of any of the terms, covenants, conditions of, or constitute a default under, or result in the creation or imposition (or the obligation to create or impose) of any Lien upon any of the property or assets of any Loan Party pursuant to the terms of any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, credit agreement or loan agreement or any other agreement, contract or instrument to which any Loan Party is a party or by which it or any of its properties or assets is bound or to which it may be subject, or (c) will violate any provision of any Formation Document of any Loan Party.

d. Ownership and Taxpayer Identification Numbers.  All of the partners, owners, stockholders, and members, respectively and as may be applicable, of each Loan Party (other than the Borrower and CRT) are listed in Schedule 6.4 (as such may be updated from time to time).  Set forth on Schedule 6.4 (as such may be updated from time to time) is the exact correct and legal name, tax identification number(s) and state of incorporation or organization of the Borrower, CRT and each other Loan Party and whether such Loan Party owns a Borrowing Base Property.  Each Borrowing Base Property Owner is a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower.

e. Litigation.  There are no actions, suits or proceedings at law or in equity or by or before any Governmental Authority or other agency or regulatory authority by any entity (private or governmental) pending or, to the best of each Loan Party’s knowledge, threatened with respect to the Loan, the transactions contemplated in the Loan Documents, any Loan Party, or any Borrower Subsidiary, which are not fully covered (subject to deductibles) by an insurance policy issued by a reputable and financially viable insurance company, or, to the extent not so covered, could (a) materially adversely affect a Borrowing Base Property or (b) have or reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

f. Information.  All factual information furnished by or on behalf of the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent and/or any of the Lenders (including, without limitation, all information contained in the Loan Documents) for purposes of or in connection with this Agreement, the other Loan Documents or any transaction contemplated herein or therein is, and all other such factual information hereafter furnished by or on behalf of the Borrower or any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent and/or any of the Lenders will be, true and accurate in all material respects on the date as of which such information is dated or certified and not incomplete by omitting to state any fact necessary to make such information not misleading in any material respect at such time in light of the circumstances under which such information was provided. There is no material fact presently known to the Borrower which has not been disclosed to the Administrative Agent, and thereupon disclosed by the Administrative Agent to the Lenders, which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

g. Taxes.  All Loan Parties have made all required tax filings and are not delinquent in the payment of any federal, state and local taxes, assessments, impositions or other governmental charges applicable to them and/or their respective assets, except to the extent same are being contested in a manner which complies with the requirements of Section 8.2.4.

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h. Financial Information.  The Consolidated financial statements of CRT and the consolidating financial statements of the Borrower and each Borrower Subsidiary delivered to the Administrative Agent (and which statements the Administrative Agent has delivered to the Lenders) present fairly the (a) financial condition of CRT and its Subsidiaries and the Borrower and the Borrower Subsidiaries, as applicable, as of the dates of such statements and (b) results of operations for the periods covered thereby.  Since the dates of the relevant financial statements, no change has occurred which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  All financial statements of CRT, the Borrower, the Borrower Subsidiaries, or any other Loan Party hereafter furnished to the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects and shall fairly present the financial condition of CRT, the Borrower, the Borrower Subsidiaries and/or respective Loan Party, as applicable, as of the date thereof.

i. Control Provisions.  The Borrower controls, directly or indirectly, and without the requirement for consent of any other Person (other than CRT), the management of each Borrowing Base Property Owner, subject to the rights of those minority or other equity interest holders as the Administrative Agent may approve.

j. Formation Documents.  Subject to the last unnumbered paragraph of Section 5.1 hereof, the Borrower has delivered or caused to be delivered to the Administrative Agent true and complete copies of all Formation Documents of the Loan Parties, and all amendments thereto.  

k. Bankruptcy Filings.  No Loan Party is contemplating either a filing of a petition under any Debtor Relief Laws or the liquidation of all or a major portion of its assets or property, and the Borrower has no knowledge of any Person contemplating the filing of any such petition against any Loan Party.

l. Investment Company.  No Loan Party is an “investment company” or a company “controlled” by an “investment company,” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

m. [Reserved].

n. Borrowing Base Properties.

6.n.1 Licenses and Permits.  The Borrowing Base Property Owners possess such Licenses and Permits issued by the appropriate federal, state, or local regulatory agencies or bodies necessary to own and operate each Borrowing Base Property, except where the failure to possess any such License or Permit could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  The Borrowing Base Property Owners are in material compliance with the terms and conditions of all such Licenses and Permits, except where the failure so to comply could not, singly or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. All of the Licenses and Permits are valid and in full force and effect, except where the invalidity of such Licenses and Permits or the failure of such Licenses and Permits to be in full force and effect could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  Neither the Borrower nor any of the Borrowing Base Property Owners has received any written notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such Licenses and Permits which, singly or in the aggregate, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding, could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

6.n.2 Ownership.  (a)  The Borrowing Base Property Owners have either (i) fee simple title to the Borrowing Base Properties or (ii) a leasehold estate interest in the Borrowing Base Properties, as set forth in Schedule 6.14.2 (as such may be updated from time to time), which such schedule (as it may be updated from time to time) also sets forth the current Adjusted Capitalized Value of each such Borrowing Base Property; (b) the interest of the Borrowing Base Property Owners in the Borrowing Base Properties are not subject to any Liens other than Permitted Liens, (c) neither the Borrower, CRT, nor any of the Borrowing Base Property Owners has received written notice of the assertion of any material valid claim by anyone adverse to any Loan Party’s ownership, or leasehold rights in and to any Borrowing Base Property (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25) that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (d) no Person has an option or right of first refusal to purchase all or part of any Borrowing Base Property or any interest therein which has not been waived (except as disclosed in Schedule 6.14.2 or in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25).

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6.n.3 Environmental Matters.  Except to the extent (i) the failure of the following to be true could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or (ii) disclosed in writing to the Lenders prior to the Individual Property becoming a Borrowing Base Property either pursuant to an Environmental Report or in the S-11 registration statement filed by the Borrower on October 23, 2003 (it being understood that any such disclosure is limited to the facts known at the time such Individual Property became a Borrowing Base Property and does not include any new information or any change in facts regarding such disclosure that occurs at a later date), (a) each Borrowing Base Property is free of any Hazardous Materials in violation of any Environmental Laws applicable to such property; (b) none of the Borrowing Base Property Owners nor any Loan Party has received any written notice of a claim under or pursuant to any Environmental Legal Requirements applicable to a Borrowing Base Property or under common law pertaining to Hazardous Materials on or originating from any Borrowing Base Property (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25) and (c) none of the Borrowing Base Property Owners or any Loan Party has received any written notice from any Governmental Authority claiming any material violation of any Environmental Legal Requirements that is uncured or unremediated (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25) .

6.n.4 Leases.  Except to the extent the failure of the following to be true would not result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) with respect to the Borrowing Base Properties, each Major Lease is in full force and effect (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25), (b) to the Borrower’s knowledge, none of the Borrowing Base Property Owners is in default after notice and the expiration of all applicable cure periods in the performance of any material obligation under any Major Lease and the Borrower has no knowledge of any circumstances which, with the passage of time or the giving of notice, or both, would constitute an event of default by any party under any of the Major Leases (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25), (c) to the Borrower’s knowledge, no tenant is in default after notice and the expiration of all applicable cure periods in the performance of any material obligation under any Major Lease (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25), (d) to the Borrower’s knowledge, there are no actions, voluntary or involuntary, pending against any tenant under a Major Lease under any Debtor Relief Laws (except as may be disclosed in any update from time to time in accordance with Section 6.25), and (e) none of the Major Leases and none of the rents or other amounts payable thereunder has been assigned, pledged or encumbered by any of the Borrowing Base Property Owners or any other Person, except with respect to the Lien in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders securing the repayment of Obligations.

6.n.5 Ground Lease.  Except to the extent the failure of the following to be true would not result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) each Ground Lease with respect to a Borrowing Base Property is valid, binding and in full force and effect as against the applicable Borrowing Base Property Owners and, to the Borrower’s knowledge, the other party thereto, (b) none of Borrowing Base Property Owner’s interest in the Ground Leases is subject to any pledge, lien, assignment, license or other agreement granting to any third party any interest therein, (c) no payments under any Ground Lease with respect to a Borrowing Base Property are delinquent, and to the knowledge of the Borrower, there does not exist under any of the Ground Leases any default after notice and expiration of all applicable cure periods in the performance of any material obligation under a Ground Lease, and (d) the identity of each ground lessor under a Ground Lease with respect to a Borrowing Base Property and whether each such ground lessor is an Affiliate of any Loan Party are set forth in Schedule 6.14.5 (as such may be updated from time to time).

6.n.6 Casualty/Condemnation.  To each Loan Party’s Knowledge, as of the Closing Date no Borrowing Base Property is the subject of any pending material condemnation proceeding or has suffered any material loss or casualty which has not been restored.

6.n.7 Property Condition.  To each Loan Party’s Knowledge, as of the Closing Date each Borrowing Base Property is in good condition and repair, with no material deferred maintenance currently pending with respect to any Borrowing Base Property.

o. Margin Regulations; Use of Proceeds.  The Loan Parties are not engaged and will not engage, principally or as one of its important activities, in the business of purchasing or carrying margin stock (within the meaning of Regulation U issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States), or extending

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credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying margin stock.  The proceeds of the Loan shall be used solely and exclusively as provided in Section 8.13.  No portion of the proceeds of the Loan shall be used directly or indirectly, and whether immediately, incidentally or ultimately (a) to purchase or carry any margin stock or to extend credit to others for the purpose thereof or to repay or refund indebtedness previously incurred for such purpose, or (b) for any purpose which would violate or in inconsistent with the provisions of regulations of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System including, without limitation, Regulations T, U and X thereof.

p. Insurance.  The Borrowing Base Properties are insured by insurers of recognized financial responsibility against such losses and risks in compliance with the requirements of Section 7.5.1 below.

q. Deferred Compensation and ERISA.  Neither the Borrower nor any other Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate, has any employee pension benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA) subject to Title IV of ERISA nor maintains any employee welfare benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(l) of ERISA) that primarily provide for health and welfare benefits to retired employees or other former employees (other than as required by Section 601 of ERISA).

r. Anti-Corruption; OFAC; Designated Jurisdictions.

6.r.1 Anti-Corruption.  In the last five years, the Loan Parties have conducted their respective businesses in compliance in all material respects with applicable Anti-Corruption Laws.

6.r.2 OFAC; Designated Jurisdictions.  None of the Loan Parties, any of their respective Subsidiaries, or, to the knowledge of CRT, any Related Party thereof, is (i) a Sanctioned Person, (ii) located, organized or resident in a Designated Jurisdiction or (iii) is or has been (within the previous five (5) years) engaged in any transaction with any Sanctioned Person or any Person who is located, organized or resident in any Designated Jurisdiction to the extent that such transactions would violate Sanctions.  No Credit Extension, nor the proceeds from any Credit Extension, has been used, directly or indirectly, or has otherwise been made available to fund any activity or business in any Designated Jurisdiction or to fund any activity or business with any Sanctioned Person, or in any other manner that will result in a violation by any Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof, or the imposition on any Lender, the Arrangers, or the Administrative Agent, of Sanctions.  Neither the making of the Loans hereunder nor the use of proceeds thereof will violate the Act, the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended, or any of the foreign assets control regulations of the United States Treasury Department (31 C.F.R., Subtitle B, Chapter V, as amended) or any enabling legislation or executive order relating thereto or successor statute thereto.  The Borrower and its Subsidiaries are in compliance in all material respects with the Act.

s. No Default.  There is no Default on the part of the Borrower or any of the other Loan Parties under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents and no event has occurred and is continuing which could constitute a Default under any Loan Document.

t. Governmental Authorizations; Other Consents.  No approval, consent, exemption, authorization, or other action by, or notice to, or filing with, any Governmental Authority or any other Person that has not been obtained or delivered is necessary or required in connection with the execution, delivery or performance by, or enforcement against, any Loan Party of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

u. Qualification as a REIT.  CRT qualified as a REIT under the provisions of the Code, as applicable, for its fiscal year ended December 31, 2010, and has remained qualified from December 31, 2010 through the date hereof.  All appropriate federal income tax returns for the fiscal years through December 31, 2015 have been filed by CRT with the IRS and no previously filed return has been examined and reported on by the IRS.  CRT has not incurred any liability for excise taxes pursuant to Section 4981 of the Code.  CRT is organized in conformity with the requirements for qualification as a REIT pursuant to Sections 856 through 860 of the Code, and CRT’s proposed method of operation consistent with CRT’s business and the business activities contemplated by this Agreement will enable it to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code.

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v. Compliance with Laws.  Each Loan Party is in compliance in all material respects with the requirements of all Laws applicable to it or to its properties, except in such instances in which (a) such requirement of Law is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted or (b) the failure to comply therewith, either individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

w. Property Matters.

6.w.1 Major Leases.  Set forth on Schedule 6.23.1 is a list of all Major Lease locations and the tenants party to Leases at such Major Lease locations (as updated from time to time, provided however, that notwithstanding Section 6.25 hereof Schedule 6.23.1 shall not be required to be updated more frequently than once per quarter). In the event that Borrower requests a Loan Advance more frequently than once per quarter, the accuracy of the representations made in this Section 6.23.1 shall not be a condition to funding such Loan Advance.

6.w.2 Borrowing Base Properties.  Set forth on Schedule 6.14.2 is a list of each Borrowing Base Property with detail indicating the owner of each Borrowing Base Property and the location of each Borrowing Base Property.  

x. Solvency.  After giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby, (a) each of the Loan Parties is solvent and is able to pay its debts and other liabilities, contingent obligations and other commitments as they mature in the normal course of business, and (b) the fair saleable value of each Loan Party’s assets, measured on a going concern basis, exceeds all probable liabilities, including those to be incurred pursuant to this Agreement.  After giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby, none of the Loan Parties (i) has unreasonably small capital in relation to the business in which it is or proposes to be engaged or (ii) has incurred, or believes that it will incur debts beyond its ability to pay such debts as they become due; provided that nothing contained in subclause (i) shall require any equity holder to make any capital contribution to comply with such subclause (i).  In executing the Loan Documents and consummating the transactions contemplated hereby, none of the Loan Parties intends to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors or other Persons to which one or more of the Loan Parties is or will become indebted.  

y. Regarding Representations and Warranties.  Each request by any Borrower for a Loan Advance: (i) shall constitute an affirmation by Borrower that the foregoing representations and warranties remain true and correct as of the date of such request (except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, in which case they shall be true and correct in all material respects as of such earlier date, and to the extent such representation or warranty is subject to a materiality qualifier, it shall be true and correct in all respects, and except that for purposes of this Section 6.25, the representations and warranties contained in Section 6.8 shall be deemed to refer to the most recent statements furnished pursuant to Section 7.2.1 and Section 7.2.2;  and except as to the representations and warranties in Sections 6.4, 6.7, 6.9, and 6.14 which may be modified only to reflect events occurring after the date hereof as specifically disclosed in writing to Administrative Agent prior to or simultaneously with such written request) and, unless Administrative Agent is notified to the contrary prior to the disbursement of the requested Loan Advance, will be so on the date of such Loan Advance, and (ii) shall constitute the representation and warranty of Borrower to Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders that the information set forth in each such request is true and correct in all material respects and omits no material fact necessary to make the same not misleading, provided that to the extent any representation or warranty made by the Borrower in this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall be incorrect or misleading in any material respect with respect to one or more Borrowing Base Properties such that the affirmations, representations and warranties required by this Section 6.25 cannot be made, the Borrower may remove a Borrowing Base Property pursuant to the terms of Section 3.2 (with a resulting decrease in the Borrowing Base Value) so that the affirmations, representations and warranties required by this Section 6.25 may be made.  All representations, warranties, covenants and agreements made in this Agreement or in the other Loan Documents by each Loan Party shall be deemed to have been relied upon by the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders notwithstanding any investigation heretofore or hereafter made by the Administrative Agent and/or any of the Lenders or on its behalf.

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7. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS.

So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, any Loan or other Obligation hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, the Borrower shall, and shall cause, with respect to Sections 7.3 through 7.12, inclusive and Sections 7.26 and 7.27, each Loan Party to:

a. Notices.  Within five (5) business days after obtaining actual knowledge thereof, notify the Administrative Agent in writing (and the Administrative Agent shall thereafter promptly notify the Lenders) of the following: (a) occurrence of any act, event or condition which constitutes a Default or Event of Default under any of the Loan Documents; and (b) any matter that has resulted or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.  Any notification delivered pursuant to clause (a) of this Section 7.1 shall include a written statement of any remedial or curative actions, if applicable, which the Borrower proposes to undertake and/or to cause any of other Loan Parties to cure or remedy such Default or Event of Default.

b. Financial Statements; Reports; Officer’s Certificates.  Furnish or cause to be furnished to the Administrative Agent  (and the Administrative Agent shall thereafter promptly furnish copies of same to the Lenders) from time to time, the following financial statements, reports, certificates, and other information, all in form and manner of presentation reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent:

7.b.1 Annual Statements.  As soon as available and in any event no later than the earlier of (a) to the extent applicable, ten (10) days following the date CRT is required by the SEC to deliver its Form 10-K for each Fiscal Year and (b) ninety (90) days after the close of each Fiscal Year, (i) the Consolidated statements of financial condition of CRT, as at the end of such Fiscal Year and the related Consolidated statement of income and retained earnings and statement of cash flows for such Fiscal Year, in each case, commencing with the Fiscal Year ending December 31, 2017, setting forth comparative figures for the preceding fiscal year and certified by the Chief Financial Officer or Chief Accounting Officer of Borrower and by Ernst & Young LLP or other independent registered public accounting firm of recognized national standing reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, in an unqualified opinion which report and opinion shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and shall not be subject to any “going concern” or like qualification or exception or any qualification or exception as to the scope of such audit, (ii) consolidating income statements for the Borrower and each Borrower Subsidiary; such financial statements to include and to be supplemented by such detail and supporting data and schedules as the Administrative Agent may from time to time reasonably determine and (iii) upon the request of the Administrative Agent, a one (1) year Cash Flow Projection.

7.b.2 Periodic Statements.  As soon as available and in any event no later than the earlier of (a) to the extent applicable, ten (10)  days following the date CRT is required by the SEC to deliver its Form 10-Q for each fiscal quarter, and (b) forty-five (45) days after the close of each fiscal quarter (except for the quarter ending on December 31), (i) the Consolidated statement of financial condition of CRT, as at the end of such quarterly period, (ii) the related Consolidated statement of income and retained earnings (for the current quarter and on a year to date basis), and (iii) the Consolidated statement of cash flows (on a year to date basis), in each case commencing with the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2017, setting forth comparative figures for the related periods in the prior Fiscal Year, internally prepared in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied, subject to normal year-end audit adjustments, all in form and manner of presentation reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, such financial statements to be certified by the Chief Financial Officer or Chief Accounting Officer of Borrower and to include and to be supplemented by such detail and supporting data and schedules as the Administrative Agent may from time to time reasonably determine, together with consolidating income statements for the Borrower and each Borrower Subsidiary.

7.b.3 Borrowing Base Property Reports.  Quarterly and annually, upon delivery of each of the financial statements required pursuant to Sections 7.2.1 and 7.2.2, above, the following financial statements for each of the Borrowing Base Property Owners internally prepared by the Borrower and certified by the Borrower to be true, accurate and complete in all material respects: (a) to the extent not included in the deliveries under Sections 7.2.1 or 7.2.2, an operating statement showing all calculation necessary to determine Adjusted Net Operating Income on a property by property basis, including, without limitation, the results of operation for the current quarter and on a year-to-date basis for the period just ended and, annually,

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an operating statement for the year just ended; and (b) in the form customarily used by the Borrower, a detailed, current rent roll of the subject Borrowing Base Property, containing such details as the Administrative Agent may reasonably request.

7.b.4 SEC Reports.  Within ten (10) days after being received, copies of all correspondence from the SEC, other than routine non-substantive general communications from the SEC.

7.b.5 Compliance Certificates.  Quarterly and annually, upon delivery of each of the financial statements required pursuant to Sections 7.2.1 and 7.2.2 above, (a) a Compliance Certificate in form of Exhibit C, annexed hereto, together with an Officer’s Certificate from the Chief Financial Officer or Chief Accounting Officer of Borrower providing and otherwise certifying (i) the compliance or non-compliance by the Borrower with the Financial Covenants, including such supporting detail as is reasonably deemed necessary by the Administrative Agent to verify the calculations incorporated therein, (ii) a report containing, to the extent not included in the deliveries under Sections 7.2.1, 7.2.2, or 7.2.3 for all Individual Properties, a summary listing of all Net Operating Income, revenues, rent roll, mortgage Debt, if any, the Borrower’s ownership interest therein, and, in addition, for each Individual Property acquired during the quarter just ended, the cost basis and the amount and terms of any assumed Debt, (iii) a certification that the financial statements fairly present in all material respects the Consolidated financial condition of CRT and that no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, or if it is, a statement as to the nature thereof; (iv) a listing of all filings by the Borrower or CRT with the SEC, including, without limitation, full copies of CRT’s 10-Q and 10-K filings; (v) if requested by the Administrative Agent and to the extent not previously provided, a list of any Major Leases entered into during the most recent fiscal quarter and any existing Leases that became Major Leases during the most recent fiscal quarter; and (vi) any material change in accounting policies required by GAAP or financial reporting practices by any Loan Party or their Subsidiaries.

7.b.6 Data Requested.  Within a reasonable period of time and from time to time, such other financial data or information as the Administrative Agent may reasonably request with respect to the Borrowing Base Properties, the Borrower, and/or the other Loan Parties including, but not limited to, rent rolls, aged receivables, aged payables, leases, budgets, forecasts, reserves, cash flow projections, deposit accounts, mortgage information, physical condition of the Borrowing Base Properties and pending lease proposals.

7.b.7 Tax Returns.  Upon the Administrative Agent’s request, copies of all federal and state tax returns of the Borrower and the other Loan Parties.

7.b.8 [Reserved.]

7.b.9 [Reserved.]

7.b.10 Entity Notices.  Concurrently with the issuance thereof, copies of all material written notices (excluding routine correspondence) given to the partners, owners, stockholders, and/or members, respectively, of the Borrower.

7.b.11 Property Acquisition or Sale.  Within five (5) Business Days of receipt thereof, copies of all notices in any way relating to a proposed sale or acquisition of any Individual Property which the Borrower or any Borrower Subsidiary intends to consummate.

7.b.12 Property Finance.  Within five (5) Business Days of receipt thereof, copies of all notices in any way relating to (a) a proposed finance or refinance of any Individual Property which the Borrower or any Borrower Subsidiary intends to consummate, (b) the occurrence of any monetary or material non-monetary default or monetary or material non-monetary event of default under any Debt which is recourse to the Borrower, or any other default or event of default under any Debt which is recourse to the Borrower, the occurrence of which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, or (c) the occurrence of any monetary or material non-monetary default or monetary or material non-monetary event of default under any Debt in excess of $40,000,000 which is secured by an Individual Property, or any other default or

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event of default under any Debt in excess of $40,000,000 which is secured by an Individual Property, the occurrence of which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

7.b.13 Notice of Litigation.  Within ten (10) Business Days after an Authorized Officer obtains knowledge thereof, written notice of any pending or, to the best of such Person’s knowledge, threatened action, suit or proceeding at law or in equity or by or before any governmental instrumentality or other agency or regulatory authority by any entity (private or governmental) relating in any way to the Loan, the transactions contemplated in the Loan Documents (including, without limitation, with regard to all Distributions), or the transactions contemplated in any documentation executed in connection therewith, or the Borrower, any other Loan Party, any other Borrower Subsidiary or any Borrowing Base Property, which is not fully covered (subject to deductibles) by an insurance policy issued by a reputable and financially viable insurance company, or, to the extent not so covered, which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or a material adverse effect on a Borrowing Base Property.

The Borrower hereby acknowledges that (a) the Administrative Agent and/or the Arranger will make available to the Lenders materials and/or information provided by or on behalf of the Borrower hereunder (collectively, “Borrower Materials”) by posting the Borrower Materials on IntraLinks, Syndtrak or another similar electronic system (the “Platform”) and (b) certain of the Lenders (each, a “Public Lender”) may have personnel who do not wish to receive material non-public information with respect to the Borrower or its Affiliates, or the respective securities of any of the foregoing, and who may be engaged in investment and other market-related activities with respect to such Persons’ securities.  The Borrower hereby agrees that so long as the Borrower or CRT is the issuer of any outstanding debt or equity securities that are registered or issued pursuant to a private offering or is actively contemplating issuing any such securities (w) all Borrower Materials that are to be made available to Public Lenders shall be clearly and conspicuously marked “PUBLIC” which, at a minimum, shall mean that the word “PUBLIC” shall appear prominently on the first page thereof; (x) by marking Borrower Materials “PUBLIC,” the Borrower shall be deemed to have authorized the Administrative Agent, the Arranger and the Lenders to treat such Borrower Materials as not containing any material non-public information with respect to the Borrower or its securities for purposes of United States Federal and state securities laws (provided, however, that to the extent such Borrower Materials constitute Information, they shall be treated as set forth in Section 15.20); (y) all Borrower Materials marked “PUBLIC” are permitted to be made available through a portion of the Platform designated “Public Side Information;” and (z) the Administrative Agent and the Arranger shall be entitled to treat and shall treat any Borrower Materials that are not marked “PUBLIC” as being suitable only for posting on a portion of the Platform that is not designated “Public Side Information.”  Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the Borrower shall be under no obligation to mark any Borrower Materials “PUBLIC” and (ii) no Public Lender shall be permitted to withhold, condition or delay its approval or consent to any matter hereunder based solely on such Public Lender’s failure or refusal to receive and/or review non-Public Borrower Materials.

c. Existence.  (a) Preserve, renew and keep in full force and effect (i) the partnership, limited liability company or corporate existence, as applicable, of each Loan Party and (ii) the material rights, licenses, permits and franchises of each Loan Party, (b) comply with all Laws and other Laws applicable to it and its assets, business and operations, the non-compliance with which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, (c) to the extent applicable, at all times maintain, preserve and protect all material franchises and trade names and all the remainder of its property used or useful in the conduct of its business, and (d) keep and cause each Loan Party to keep, its assets in good working order and repair, ordinary wear and tear and damage by casualty or taking by condemnation excepted, and from time to time make, or cause to be made, all reasonably necessary repairs, renewals, replacements, betterments and improvements thereto.

d. Payment of Taxes.  Duly pay and discharge, before the same shall become overdue, all taxes, assessments, impositions, and other governmental charges payable by it or with respect to the Borrowing Base Properties, to the extent that same are not paid by the tenants under the respective Leases; provided, however, the failure of any Loan Party to pay such taxes, assessments, impositions, or other governmental charges shall not constitute a Default or Event of Default as long as same are being contested in a manner which complies with the requirements of Section 8.2.3.

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e. Insurance.

7.e.1 Insurance.  The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary or with respect to Individual Properties where the tenant is responsible for providing insurance, the Loan Party shall cause such tenant to maintain insurance in accordance with such tenant’s lease with financially sound and reputable insurance companies against such risks and in such amounts as is customarily maintained by Persons engaged in similar businesses or as may be required by Laws, and from time to time deliver to the Administrative Agent promptly following its request a detailed list, together with copies of all policies of the insurance then in effect (provided Borrower has received same from the issuer thereof), stating the names of the insurance companies, the amounts and rates of the insurance, the dates of the expiration thereof and the properties and risks covered thereby.

7.e.2 Notice of Damage.  In the event of any damage or destruction to any Borrowing Base Property by reason of fire or other hazard or casualty, the Borrower shall give immediate written notice thereof to the Administrative Agent.  If there is any condemnation for public use of any Borrowing Base Property the Borrower shall give immediate written notice thereof to the Administrative Agent (and the Administrative Agent shall thereafter promptly notify the Lenders).  Further, the Borrower shall upon the request of the Administrative Agent provide to the Administrative Agent a report as to the status of any insurance adjustment, condemnation claim, or restoration resulting from any casualty or taking.

f. Inspection.  Permit the Administrative Agent and the Lenders and its/their agents, representatives and employees to inspect the Borrowing Base Properties, and any and all other assets of the Borrower or any of the Loan Parties, at reasonable hours upon reasonable notice, subject to the rights of tenants therein.  The Borrower shall be responsible for the reasonable costs incurred by the Administrative Agent of such inspections if an Event of Default is in existence but all other costs of such inspections shall be borne by the Lenders.

g. Loan Documents.  Observe, perform and satisfy all the terms, provisions, covenants and conditions to be performed by it under, and to pay when due all costs, fees and expenses, and other Obligations to the extent required under, the Loan Documents.

h. Further Assurances.  Execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent such documents, instruments, certificates, assignments and other writings, and do such other acts, necessary or desirable in the reasonable judgment of the Administrative Agent, for the better and more effective carrying out of the intents and purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

i. Books and Records.  Maintain and keep in accordance with GAAP (or such other accounting basis reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent), proper and accurate books, records and accounts reflecting all of the financial affairs of the Borrower and such other Loan Parties and the Borrower Subsidiaries and all items of income and expense in connection with their respective business and operations and in connection with any services, equipment or furnishings provided in connection with the operation of the business of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties, and the Borrower Subsidiaries, whether such income or expense is realized thereby or by any other Person.  The Administrative Agent shall have the right, not more than once each quarter (unless an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing in which case as often as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably determine), during normal business hours and upon reasonable notice, to examine such books, records and accounts at the office of the Person maintaining such books, records, correspondence, and accounts and to make such copies or extracts thereof as the Administrative Agent shall desire at the Administrative Agent’s cost and expense.  The Borrower shall give the Administrative Agent fifteen (15) Business Days’ notice of any change in the location of its financial records from the address specified at the beginning of this Agreement.  The Administrative Agent may discuss the financial and other affairs of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties, and Borrower Subsidiaries with any of its partners, owners, and any accountants hired by the Borrower, it being agreed that the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders shall use reasonable efforts not to divulge information obtained from such examination to others except in connection with Laws and in connection with administering the Loan, enforcing its rights and remedies under the Loan Documents and in the conduct, operation and regulation of its banking and lending business (which may include, without limitation, the transfer of the Loan or of participation interests therein).  Any assignee or transferee of the Loan, co-lender, or any holder of a participation interest in the Loan shall deal with such information in the same manner and in connection with any subsequent transfer of its interest in the Loan or of further participation interests therein.

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j. Business and Operations.  (a) Continue to engage in the type of businesses, acquisition, sale, financing, development and operation of retail properties and usual and customary uses incidental to such retail activities presently conducted by them as of the Closing Date, respectively, and (b) be qualified to do business and in good standing under the Laws of each jurisdiction, and otherwise to comply with all Laws, as and to the extent the same are required for the ownership, maintenance, management and operation of the assets of such Person except where the failure to be so qualified could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  

k. Estoppel.  Within ten (10) Business Days after a request therefor from the Administrative Agent, which request shall not be made by the Administrative Agent more than once each Fiscal Year, furnish to the Administrative Agent a statement, duly acknowledged and certified, setting forth (a) the amount then owing by the Borrower in respect of the Obligations, (b) the date through which interest on the Loan has been paid, (c) any offsets, counterclaims, credits or defenses to the payment by any Loan Party to the Obligations of which the Borrower has knowledge and (d) whether any written notice of Default from the Administrative Agent to the Borrower or any of the other Loan Parties is then outstanding and acknowledging that this Agreement and the other Loan Documents are in full force and effect and unmodified, or if modified, giving the particulars of such modification.

l. ERISA.  As soon as possible and, in any event, within ten (10) days after any Loan Party, Borrower Subsidiary, or any ERISA Affiliate knows of the occurrence of any of the following which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, deliver to the Administrative Agent a certificate of an executive officer of the Borrower setting forth details as to such occurrence and the action, if any, that the applicable the Borrower or other Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary or such ERISA Affiliate is required or proposes to take, together with any notices required or proposed to be given to or filed with or by such the Borrower, Loan Party, the ERISA Affiliate, the PBGC, a Plan participant or the Plan administrator with respect thereto: (a) that a Reportable Event has occurred; (b) that any Plan has been deemed to be in “at risk status” (as defined in Section 430(i)(4) of the Code without regard to 430(i)(4)(B) relating to the transition rule); (c) that the minimum required contribution (as defined in Section 430(a) of the Code) to a Plan has not been timely made; (d) that a Plan has been or may be terminated, reorganized, partitioned or declared insolvent under Title IV of ERISA; (e) that proceedings may be or have been instituted to terminate or appoint a trustee to administer a Plan; (f) that a proceeding has been instituted pursuant to Section 515 of ERISA to collect a delinquent contribution to a Plan; (g) that such the Borrower, Loan Party, Borrower Subsidiary, or ERISA Affiliate will or may incur any liability (including any indirect, contingent, or secondary liability) to or on account of the termination of or withdrawal from a Plan under Section 4062, 4063, 4064, 4069, 4201, 4204 or 4212 of ERISA or with respect to a Plan under Section 401(a)(29), 4971, 4975 or 4980 of the Code or Section 409 or 502(i) or 502(l) of ERISA; or (h) or that such the Borrower, the Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary may incur any material liability pursuant to any employee welfare benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(l) of ERISA) that provides benefits to retired employees or other former employees (other than as required by Section 601 of ERISA) or any employee pension benefit plan (as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA).  Upon the request of the Administrative Agent, the Borrower shall (and shall cause the other Loan Parties, ERISA Affiliates and Borrower Subsidiaries to) deliver to the Administrative Agent a complete copy of the annual report (Form 5500) of each Plan required to be filed with the Department of Labor.  In addition to any certificates or notices delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to the first sentence hereof, copies of any material notices received by the Borrower, a Loan Party, a Borrower Subsidiary, or any ERISA Affiliate with respect to any Plan shall be delivered to the Administrative Agent no later than ten (10) days after the date such report has been filed with the Internal Revenue Service, the Department of Labor, or the PBGC or such notice has been received by the Borrower, Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary or ERISA Affiliate, as applicable.  

m. [Reserved].

n. Costs and Expenses.  Pay all costs and expenses as required by Section 15.9.1.

o. Indemnification.  At all times, both before and after repayment of the Loan, at its sole cost and expense defend, indemnify, exonerate and save harmless the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders and all those claiming by, through or under the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders as required by Section 15.9.2.

p. Intentionally Omitted.

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q. Leverage Ratio.  Maintain a Leverage Ratio as determined as of each Calculation Date of not more than sixty percent (60%).  The Leverage Ratio covenant shall be tested by the Administrative Agent as of each Calculation Date, such calculation and results to be verified by the Administrative Agent.

r. Fixed Charge Ratio.  Maintain a Fixed Charge Ratio as determined as of each Calculation Date of not less than 1.50:1.  The Fixed Charge Ratio covenant shall be tested by the Administrative Agent as of each Calculation Date with results based upon the results for the most recent Calculation Period, such calculation and results to be verified by the Administrative Agent.

s. Net Worth.  Maintain a Net Worth as determined as of each Calculation Date equal to or greater than the aggregate of (a) $490,129,550.00, plus (b) seventy-five percent (75%) of the cumulative net cash proceeds received from and the value of assets acquired (net of (i) underwriters’ discounts, commissions and other reasonable out-of-pocket expenses of issuance actually paid to any Person (other than a Loan Party or an Affiliate of any Loan Party) and (ii) Debt incurred or assumed in connection therewith) through the issuance of Capital Stock by CRT after June 30, 2017.  The Net Worth covenant shall be tested by the Administrative Agent as of each Calculation Date, such calculation and results to be verified by the Administrative Agent.

t. Secured Debt Ratio.  Maintain a Secured Debt Ratio as determined as of each Calculation Date of not more than forty percent (40%).  The Secured Debt Ratio covenant shall be tested by the Administrative Agent as of each Calculation Date, such calculation and results to be verified by the Administrative Agent.

u. Borrowing Base Property Covenants.

7.u.1 Occupancy Ratio.  Not permit the aggregate Occupancy Ratio for the Borrowing Base Properties (determined on an aggregate rentable square foot basis) to be less than eighty percent (80%).

7.u.2 Retail Center.  Maintain each Borrowing Base Property at all times as a retail center located in the United States owned by a Borrowing Base Property Owner.

7.u.3 Business Strategy.  Maintain ownership of each Borrowing Base Property at all times consistent with the Borrower’s business strategy, and each Borrowing Base Property shall at all times be of an asset quality consistent with the quality of Borrowing Base Properties owned by the Borrowing Base Property Owners as of the date hereof.

7.u.4 Minimum Borrowing Base Properties.  Maintain a minimum of fifteen (15) Borrowing Base Properties at all times.

v. Variable Rate Debt.  Maintain an aggregate Pro Rata Share of the Debt (including the Loan) of the Consolidated CRT Entities and the Unconsolidated CRT Entities which is Variable Rate Indebtedness of not more than thirty-five (35%) percent of the Total Asset Value.

w. Replacement Documentation.  Upon receipt of an affidavit of an officer of the Administrative Agent as to the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of the Note or any other loan document which is not of public record, and, in the case of any such loss, theft, destruction or mutilation, upon surrender and cancellation of such Note or other loan document, the Borrower will issue, in lieu thereof, a replacement Note or other loan document in the same principal amount thereof and otherwise of like tenor.

x. Maintenance of REIT Status.  CRT shall engage in such business activities, and shall refrain from engaging in such activities, so as to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code.  CRT shall at all times remain listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange.

y. The Lenders’ Consultants.

7.y.1 Right to Employ.  The Borrower agrees that the Administrative Agent shall have the right to employ on its behalf and on behalf of the Lenders, its own personnel, or one or more engineers, architects,

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environmental advisors, scientists, accountants, and attorneys to act as an advisor to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders in connection with the Loan (each of which shall be a “Lenders’ Consultant”).

7.y.2 Functions.  The functions of a Lenders’ Consultant shall include, without limitation: (i) inspection and physical review of any Borrowing Base Property; (ii) review and analysis of environmental matters; (iii) review and analysis of financial and legal matters; and (iv) providing usual inspection and review services for any Repair Work.

7.y.3 Payment.  The reasonable costs and fees of the Lenders’ Consultants shall be paid by the Loan Parties upon billing therefor and, if not so paid within thirty (30) days, may be paid directly by the Lenders through a Loan Advance, provided, however that the costs and fees of any Lenders’ Consultants that are engineers, architects, environmental consultants or scientists shall be borne by the Lenders unless an Event of Default shall exist.

7.y.4 Access.  The Loan Parties shall provide the Lenders’ Consultants with reasonable access to all Borrowing Base Properties.

7.y.5 No Liability.  Neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender shall have liability to the Borrower, any Loan Party, or third party on account of: (i) services performed by the Lenders’ Consultant; or (ii) any failure or neglect by the Lenders’ Consultant to properly perform services. The Borrower shall have no rights under or relating to any agreement, report, or similar document prepared by the Lenders’ Consultant for the Administrative Agent or the Lenders. No Lenders’ Consultant shall have liability to the Borrower, any Loan Party, or third party on account of: (x) services performed by such Lenders’ Consultant; or (y) any failure or neglect by such Lenders’ Consultant to properly perform services, except for its gross negligence or willful misconduct.  

z. Payment of Obligations.  Pay and discharge as the same shall become due and payable, all lawful claims which, if unpaid, would by Law become a Lien upon its property (other than Permitted Liens).

aa. Compliance with Laws.  Conduct its business (a) in compliance in all material respects with applicable Anti-Corruption Laws and applicable anti-money laundering laws; and (b) in compliance in all material respects with the requirements of all other Laws applicable to it or to its business or property, except in such instances in which (i) such requirement of Law is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted or (ii) the failure to comply therewith could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

8. NEGATIVE COVENANTS.

So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, any Loan or other Obligation hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, the Borrower shall not, nor shall it permit any other Loan Party to directly or indirectly:

a. No Changes to the Borrower and other Loan Parties.  Without the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent, such consent not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed after not less than thirty (30) days’ prior written notice (with reasonable particularity of the facts and circumstances attendant thereto): (a) change its jurisdiction of organization (with any change to a jurisdiction outside the United States requiring approval of all of the Lenders in their sole discretion), (b) change its organizational structure or type (with any change which would result in a Change of Control requiring approval of the Required Lenders in their sole discretion), (c) change its legal name, or (d) change the organizational number (if any) assigned by its jurisdiction of formation or its federal employment identification number (if any).  

b. Restrictions on Liens.  Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon or with respect to any property or assets (real or personal, tangible or intangible, including, without limitation, the Borrowing Base Properties), whether now owned or hereafter acquired, or sell any such property or assets subject to an understanding or agreement, contingent or otherwise, to repurchase such property or assets (including sales of accounts receivable with recourse) or assign any right to receive income or permit the filing of any financing statement under the UCC or any other similar notice of Lien under any similar recording or notice statute, or grant rights with respect to, or

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otherwise encumber or create a security interest in, such property or assets or any portion thereof or any other revenues therefrom or the proceeds payable upon the sale, transfer or other disposition of such property or asset or any portion thereof, or permit or suffer any such action to be taken, except the following (singly and collectively, “Permitted Liens”):

8.b.1 Permitted Debt.  Liens to secure Permitted Debt, provided that (x) the Borrower will be in compliance with the Financial Covenants considering the consequences of the granting of any such Lien and (y) no such Lien shall be secured by any Borrowing Base Property, the ownership interest in any Borrowing Base Property Owner, or any other assets of any Borrowing Base Property Owner;

8.b.2 Tax Liens.  Liens for taxes, assessments or other governmental charges not yet delinquent or which are being diligently contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings, if (a) to the extent such contest concerns a Borrowing Base Property, reasonable reserves in an amount not less than the tax, assessment or governmental charge being so contested shall have been established in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent or deposited in cash (or cash equivalents) with the Administrative Agent to be held during the pendency of such contest, or such contested amount shall have been duly bonded in accordance with applicable Law, (b) no imminent risk of sale, forfeiture or loss of any interest in any Borrowing Base Property or any part thereof arises during the pendency of such contest and (c) such contest could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

8.b.3 Judgment Liens.  Liens in respect of property or assets imposed by Law, which do not secure Debt, such as judgment Liens (provided such judgment Liens do not cause the occurrence of an Event of Default under Section 10.1), carriers’, warehousemen’s, material men’s and mechanics’ liens and other similar Liens arising in the ordinary course of business, (a) which, except for such judgment Liens, do not in the aggregate materially detract from the value of any property or assets or  have, and could not reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect, and (b) which, except for such judgment Liens, are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings, which proceedings have the effect of preventing the forfeiture or sale of the property or assets subject to any such Lien;

8.b.4 Personal Property Liens.  Liens relating to personal property financing leases entered into in the ordinary course of business with respect to equipment, fixtures, furniture, furnishings and similar assets; and

8.b.5 Intentionally Omitted.

8.b.6 Easements, etc.  Liens in connection with easements, rights-of-way, zoning restrictions and other similar encumbrances affecting real property which, in the aggregate, do not impose material financial obligations on the Borrower or any Loan Party, and which do not, in the aggregate, materially detract from the value of the property subject thereto or materially interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of such property or the Loan Party that owns such property.

8.b.7 Title Matters.  Liens and other matters of record noted on any title insurance policy for a Borrowing Base Property delivered to the Administrative Agent, with the Administrative Agent having received the title insurance policies delivered for the Borrowing Base Properties as of the Closing Date.

c. Consolidations, Mergers, Sales of Assets, Issuance and Sale of Equity.  (a) Dissolve, terminate or liquidate or, without the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, consolidate with or merge with or into any other Person, (b) issue, sell, lease, transfer or assign to any Persons or otherwise dispose of (whether in one transaction or a series of transactions) any portion of its assets (whether now owned or hereafter acquired), including, without limitation, any securities, membership or partnership interests, or other interests of any kind in any other Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary, directly or indirectly (whether by the issuance of rights of, options or warrants for, or securities convertible into, any such security, membership or partnership interests or other interests of any kind), (c) permit another Person to merge with or into it, (d) acquire all or substantially all the capital stock, membership or partnership interests or assets of any other Person, or (e) take any action which could have the effect, directly or indirectly, of diluting the economic interest of any Loan Party in any other Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary; except the following:

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8.c.1 Transfers.  Transfers pursuant to the Loan Documents and other agreements in favor of the Administrative Agent for the ratable benefit of the Lenders;

8.c.2 Non-Loan Parties.  Any such dissolution, liquidation, or termination which does not involve a Loan Party;

8.c.3 Loan Parties.  With the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed, any consolidation, merger, or issuance so long as the Borrower is the surviving entity, provided that (a) the Borrower will be in compliance with the Financial Covenants considering the consequences of such event, (b) no such event shall cause a Change of Control, and (c) each Borrowing Base Property Owner will continue to be a Wholly-Owned Subsidiary of the Borrower;

8.c.4 Borrowing Base Properties.  Sales of any Borrowing Base Property, provided the Release Conditions are satisfied with respect thereto;

8.c.5 Leases.  Leases of all or any portion of any Borrowing Base Property;

8.c.6 Property Transfers.  Sales, transfers, assignments or other dispositions of other assets of the Borrower, any Loan Party or any Borrower Subsidiary which do constitute Borrowing Base Properties; provided that the Borrower will be in compliance with the Financial Covenants considering the consequences of any such sale;

8.c.7 Ordinary Course.  Sales or dispositions in the ordinary course of business of worn, obsolete or damaged items of personal property or fixtures which are suitably replaced;

8.c.8 With Consent.  Transactions, whether outright or as security, for which the Administrative Agent’s, the Required Lenders’ or the Lenders’, as applicable, prior written consent has been obtained to the extent such approval is required under this Agreement;

8.c.9 Permitted Investments.  In connection with a Permitted Investment;

8.c.10 Equity Issuances.  The issuance or sale of equity interests in the Borrower or CRT;

8.c.11 Merger of Loan Parties.  Mergers of and between Loan Parties, provided (a) the Borrower and CRT shall at all times remain surviving entities, and (b) the Administrative Agent receives ten (10) Business Days prior written notice of the proposed merger;  

8.c.12 Cedar-Riverview.  The sale, transfer, assignment, redemption or other disposition of all or a portion of any preferred limited partnership interest in Cedar-Riverview LP; or

8.c.13 Cedar-Revere.  The creation of further condominium units in the Individual Property owned by Cedar-Revere, LLC, and the performance of construction in connection therewith, subject to the Administrative Agent’s reasonable approval of the condominium documents creating such additional units and such normal and customary due diligence as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require.

d. Restrictions on Debt.  (a) Create, incur or assume any Debt, or make any voluntary prepayments of any Debt in respect of which it is an obligor, (b) enter into, acquiesce, suffer or permit any amendment, restatement or other modification of the documentation evidencing and/or securing any Debt under which it is an obligor or (c) increase the amount of any Debt existing as of the Closing Date; except with respect to the following (singly and collectively, “Permitted Debt”):

8.d.1 Debt under this Agreement.  The Obligations;

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8.d.2 Unsecured Debt.  The Revolving/Term Facility, the Existing 2016 Term Loan Facility and any Swap Contracts with any Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender are deemed to be Permitted Debt;

8.d.3 Individual Property Debt.  Individual Property Secured Debt of the Borrower, CRT or any Borrower Subsidiary (other than any Loan Party) which is recourse to the Borrower or CRT consistent with customary project finance market terms and conditions (excluding the Obligations) in an amount not to exceed fifteen percent (15%) of the Total Asset Value in the aggregate outstanding at any one time, provided that the Borrower will be in compliance with the Financial Covenants and the Total Outstandings will not exceed the Maximum Loan Amount considering the consequences of the incurrence of such Debt;

8.d.4 Nonrecourse Debt.  Individual Property secured Debt of the Borrower, CRT or any Borrower Subsidiary (other than any Loan Party) which is nonrecourse to the Borrower (other than recourse in connection with customary nonrecourse or “bad boy” carve out provisions) or CRT, provided that the Borrower will be in compliance with the Financial Covenants considering the consequences of the incurrence of such Debt;

8.d.5 Ordinary Course.  Debt incurred in the ordinary course of business for the purchase of goods or services which are payable, without interest, within ninety (90) days of billing;

8.d.6 Capital Leases.  Debt under capital leases of the type described in Section 8.2.5;

8.d.7 Cross-Collateralized Debt.  Individual Property Debt incurred (other than by any Loan Party) under multi-property, cross-collateralized financings having an outstanding aggregate principal balance not to exceed $45,000,000;

8.d.8 Other Unsecured Debt.  Other Unsecured debt so long as (i) Borrower is in compliance with the Financial Covenants after giving effect to the incurrence of such Unsecured Debt,  and (ii) the financial covenants in other Unsecured Debt are not any more restrictive than the Financial Covenants; and

8.d.9 Other Debt.  Debt, whether secured or unsecured, of a type not contemplated by any of the foregoing, for which Required Lenders’ prior written consent has been obtained.

e. Other Business.  Enter into any line of business or make any material change in the nature of its business, purposes or operations, or undertake or participate in activities other than the continuance of its present business except as otherwise specifically permitted by this Agreement or the other Loan Documents.

f. Change of Control.  Permit or otherwise suffer to occur any Change of Control.

g. Forgiveness of Debt.  Voluntarily cancel or otherwise forgive or release any Debt owed to it by any Person, except for adequate consideration and except for settlement of lease obligations of tenants in the Borrower’s reasonable business judgment.

h. Affiliate Transactions.  Enter into, or be a party to, any transaction with any Person which is an Affiliate of any Loan Party, except transactions (a) involving the offering or sale of a Person’s equity interests on an arm’s length basis, or (b) entered into in the ordinary course of business and on terms which are no less favorable to such Loan Party or Borrower Subsidiary than would be obtained in a comparable arm’s-length transaction with an unrelated third party, provided that this Section 8.8 shall not apply to transactions entirely between and among Loan Parties or entirely between and among Borrower Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties.  

i. ERISA.  Establish or be obligated to contribute to any Plan.

j. Bankruptcy Filings.  With respect to any of the Loan Parties, file a petition under any Debtor Relief Laws for the liquidation of all or a major portion of its assets or property.

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k. Investment Company.  Become an “investment company” or a company “controlled” by an “investment company,” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

l. [Reserved].

m. Use of Proceeds.  Permit the proceeds of the Loan, or any other accommodation at any time made hereunder, to be used for any purpose which entails a violation of, or is inconsistent with, Regulation T, U or X of the Board, any applicable anti-money laundering law or Anti-Corruption Law, or for any purpose other than to (a) repay certain existing indebtedness of the Borrower, (b) provide working capital to the Borrower, CRT, and the Borrower Subsidiaries, (c) provide funds for acquisitions, development, capital expenditures, and refinancings of real estate properties by the Borrower, CRT, and the Borrower Subsidiaries, (d) pay certain closing and transactional costs as approved by the Administrative Agent and (e) for other lawful REIT purposes.

n. Distributions.  Authorize, declare, or pay any Distributions on behalf of the Borrower, except for Permitted Distributions.

o. Restrictions on Investments.  Make or permit to exist or to remain outstanding any Investment except which are in:

(a) marketable direct or guaranteed general obligations of the United States of America which mature within one year from the date of purchase;

(b) bank deposits, certificates of deposit and banker’s acceptances, or other obligations in or of the Lenders or banks located within and chartered by the United States of America or a state and having assets of over $500,000,000;

(c) the Borrower’s Subsidiaries (both Subsidiaries as of the date hereof and any other Person that becomes a Borrower Subsidiary), subject in all instances to the terms of this Agreement; and

(d) Permitted Investments.

p. Negative Pledges, Etc.  Enter into any agreement subsequent to the Closing Date (other than a Loan Document, the Existing 2016 Term Loan Facility and the loan documents thereunder, the Revolving/Term Facility and the loan documents thereunder, and any loan document entered into in connection with other Unsecured Debt permitted hereunder) which (a) prohibits the creation or assumption of any Lien upon any of the Borrowing Base Properties or the ownership interest therein, including, without limitation, any hereafter acquired property, (b) specifically prohibits the amendment or other modification of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or (c) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

q. Swap Contracts.  Enter into any Swap Contract, unless (i) such Swap Contract was entered into by such Person in the ordinary course of business for the purpose of directly mitigating risks associated with liabilities, commitments, investments, assets, or property held or reasonably anticipated by such Person, or changes in the value of securities issued by such Person, and not for purposes of speculation, (ii) such Swap Contract does not contain any provision exonerating the non-defaulting party from its obligation to make payments on outstanding transactions to the defaulting party other than normal setoff or netting rights, and (iii) such Swap Contract (x) was entered into by such Person that is an “eligible contract participant” (as such term is defined in the Commodity Exchange Act and determined after giving effect to any applicable keepwell, support or other agreement for the benefit of such Person in accordance with the Commodity Exchange Act and applicable CFTC Regulations) and (y) is otherwise in compliance with all applicable Laws, including, without limitation, the Commodity Exchange Act and all applicable CFTC Regulations.

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9. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.

a. Legal Requirements.  The Borrower, any Borrower Subsidiary or any Loan Party may contest in good faith any claim, demand, levy or assessment under any Laws by any Person or entity if: (i) the contest is based upon a material question of Law or fact raised by the Borrower in good faith; (ii) such Person properly commences and thereafter diligently pursues the contest; (iii) the contest will not materially impair the ability to ultimately comply with the contested Law should the contest not be successful; (iv) if the contest concerns a Borrowing Base Property or a Borrowing Base Property Owner, reasonable reserves in an amount necessary to undertake and pay for such contest and any corrective or remedial action then or thereafter reasonably likely to be necessary shall have been established in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent or deposited in cash (or cash equivalents) with the Administrative Agent to be held during the pendency of such contest, or such contested amount shall have been duly bonded in accordance with applicable Law; (v) no Event of Default exists; (vi) if the contest relates to an Environmental Legal Requirement, the conditions set forth in the Environmental Indemnity Agreement relating to such contests shall be satisfied; (vii) no imminent risk of sale, forfeiture or loss of any interest in any Borrowing Base Property or any part thereof arises during the pendency of such contest; and (viii) such contest could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

b. Limited Recourse Provisions.

9.b.1 Borrower Fully Liable.  Borrower shall be fully liable for the Loan and the Obligations of the Borrower to the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders.

9.b.2 Certain Non-Recourse.  This Agreement and all Loan Documents have been executed by the undersigned in its capacity as an officer of CRT, as general partner of the Borrower on behalf of the Borrower or the Loan Parties, or in its capacity as an authorized signatory of the Borrower or the Loan Parties, and not individually, and none of the trustees, officers, directors, members, limited partners, or shareholders of the Borrower or CRT or any Loan Party shall be bound or have any personal liability hereunder or thereunder except under any Guaranty or other Loan Document signed by such Person, if any, other than a signature in a representative capacity.  Under no circumstances shall any party be entitled to seek recourse or commence any action against any of the trustees, officers, directors, members, limited partners, or shareholders of the Borrower or CRT or any such Person’s personal assets for the performance or payment of any obligation hereunder.  In all other Loan Documents, all parties shall not seek recourse or commence any action against any of the trustees, officers, directors, members, limited partners, or shareholders of Borrower or CRT or any of such Person’s personal assets for the performance or payment of any obligation hereunder or thereunder, except under any Guaranty or other Loan Document signed by such Person, other than a signature in a representative capacity.

9.b.3 Additional Matters.  Nothing contained in the foregoing non-recourse provisions or elsewhere shall: (a) limit the right of the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders to obtain injunctive relief or to pursue equitable remedies under any of the Loan Documents, excluding only any injunctive relief ordering payment of obligations by any Person or entity for which personal liability does not otherwise exist; or (b) limit the liability of any attorney, law firm, accountant or other professional who or which renders or provides any written opinion or certificate to the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders in connection with the Loan even though such Person or entity may be a limited partner of the Borrower.

c. Payment of Obligations.  Upon the payment in full of the Obligations, in immediately available funds, including, without limitation, all unreimbursed costs and expenses of the Administrative Agent and of each Lender for which the Borrower is responsible, and the termination of this Agreement, the Administrative Agent shall execute and deliver such documents and termination statements as the Borrower or any other Loan Party reasonably requests to evidence such termination.  However, such termination by the Administrative Agent shall not be deemed to terminate or release any Person from any obligation or liability under the Loan Documents which specifically by its terms survives the payment in full of the Obligations.

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10. EVENTS OF DEFAULT.

The following provisions deal with Defaults, Events of Default, notice, grace and cure periods, and certain rights of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders following an Event of Default.

a. Default and Events of Default.  The term “Default” as used herein or in any of the other Loan Documents shall mean any fact or circumstance which constitutes, or upon the lapse of time, or giving of notice, or both, could constitute, an Event of Default. The occurrence of any of the following events, continuing uncured beyond any applicable grace, notice or cure period, respectively, shall constitute an event of default (“Event of Default”).  Upon the occurrence of any Event of Default described in Section 10.1.8, any and all Obligations shall become due and payable without any further act on the part of the Administrative Agent. Upon the occurrence of any other Event of Default, the Administrative Agent may, and upon the request of the Required Lenders shall, declare that any and all Obligations shall become immediately due and payable.

10.a.1 Failure to Pay the Loan.  The failure by the Borrower to pay when due any principal of, interest on, or fees in respect of, any Loan, and the specific grace period, if any, allowed for the default in question in Section 10.2 or elsewhere in this Agreement shall have expired without such default having been cured.

10.a.2 Failure to Make Other Payments.  The failure by the Borrower to pay when due (or upon demand, if payable on demand) any payment Obligation other than any payment Obligation on account of the principal of, or interest on, or fees in respect of, the Loan, and the specific grace period, if any, allowed for the default in question in Section 10.2 or elsewhere in this Agreement shall have expired without such default having been cured.

10.a.3 Loan Documents.  Any other default in the performance of any term or provision of the Loan Documents, or a breach, or other failure to satisfy, any other term, provision, condition or warranty under any Loan Document, and the specific grace period, if any, allowed for the default in question in Section 10.2 or elsewhere in this Agreement shall have expired without such default having been cured.

10.a.4 Default under Other Agreements.  (i) The Borrower, CRT or any other Subsidiary (A) fails to make any payment when due (whether by scheduled maturity, required prepayment, acceleration, demand, or otherwise) in respect of any Debt or Guarantee (including amounts owing to all creditors under any combined or syndicated credit arrangement but excluding the Debt hereunder) such that as a result thereof the aggregate outstanding principal amount of such Debt or Guarantees with respect to which such a failure exists at any time shall exceed $40,000,000, or (B) fails to observe or perform any other agreement or condition relating to any such Debt or Guarantee or contained in any instrument or agreement evidencing, securing or relating thereto, or any other event occurs, the effect of which default or other event is (1) to cause, or to permit the holder or holders of such Debt or the beneficiary or beneficiaries of such Guarantee (or a trustee or agent on behalf of such holder or holders or beneficiary or beneficiaries) to cause, with the giving of notice or passage of time, or both, if required, in excess of $40,000,000 in the aggregate of the outstanding principal amount of such Debt to be demanded or to become due or to be repurchased, prepaid, defeased or redeemed (automatically or otherwise) at any time, or (2) an offer to repurchase, prepay, defease or redeem in excess of $40,000,000 of the outstanding principal amount of such Debt to be made at any time, prior to its stated maturity, or (3) Guarantees securing in excess of $40,000,000 of the outstanding principal amount of such Debt to become payable at any time or (4) cash collateral in excess of $40,000,000 in respect thereof to be demanded at any time; or (ii) there occurs under any Swap Contract an Early Termination Date (as defined in such Swap Contract) resulting from (A) any event of default under such Swap Contract as to which the Borrower, CRT or any Subsidiary is the Defaulting Party (as defined in such Swap Contract) or (B) any Termination Event (as so defined) under such Swap Contract as to which the Borrower, CRT or any other Subsidiary is an Affected Party (as so defined) and, in either event, the Swap Termination Value owed by the Borrower, CRT or such Subsidiary as a result thereof is greater than $40,000,000 in the aggregate at any time.

10.a.5 Representations and Warranties.  If any representation or warranty made by the Borrower or by any of the other Loan Parties in the Loan Documents was untrue or misleading in any material respect as

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of the date made or deemed made, including, without limitation, all representations and warranties made in Article 6 herein.

10.a.6 Affirmative Covenants.  The breach of any covenant contained in Article 7 herein, including, without limitation, the Financial Covenants.

10.a.7 Negative Covenants.  The breach of any covenant contained in Article 8 herein.

10.a.8 Financial Status and Insolvency.  Any Loan Party shall: (i) admit in writing its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due; (ii) file a petition in bankruptcy or a petition to take advantage of any insolvency act; (iii) make an assignment for the benefit of creditors; (iv) consent to, or acquiesce in, the appointment of a receiver, liquidator or trustee of itself or of the whole or any substantial part of its properties or assets; (v) file a petition or answer seeking reorganization, arrangement, composition, readjustment, liquidation, dissolution or similar relief under the Federal Bankruptcy laws or any other applicable Law; (vi) have a court of competent jurisdiction enter an order, judgment or decree appointing a receiver, liquidator or trustee of a Loan Party, or of the whole or any substantial part of the property or assets of a Loan Party, and such order, judgment or decree shall remain unvacated or not set aside or unstayed for ninety (90) days; (vii) have a petition filed against it seeking reorganization, arrangement, composition, readjustment, liquidation, dissolution or similar relief under the Federal Bankruptcy laws or any other applicable Law and such petition shall remain undismissed for ninety (90) days; (viii) have, under the provisions of any other Law for the relief or aid of debtors, any court of competent jurisdiction assume custody or control of a Loan Party or of the whole or any substantial part of its property or assets and such custody or control shall remain unterminated or unstayed for ninety (90) days; or (ix) have an attachment or execution levied against any substantial portion of the property of a Loan Party or against any portion of a Borrowing Base Property which is not discharged or dissolved by a bond within sixty (60) days.

10.a.9 Loan Documents.  Any Loan Document, at any time after its execution and delivery and for any reason other than as expressly permitted hereunder or thereunder or satisfaction in full of all the Obligations, ceases to be in full force and effect; or any Loan Party contests in any manner the validity or enforceability of any Loan Document; or any Loan Party denies that it has any or further liability or obligation under any Loan Document, or purports to revoke, terminate or rescind any Loan Document.

10.a.10 Judgments.  One or more judgments or decrees shall be entered against Borrower or any Loan Party involving a liability (not paid or fully covered (subject to deductibles) by a reputable and solvent insurance company) and such judgments and decrees either shall be final and non-appealable or shall not be vacated, discharged or stayed or bonded pending appeal for any period of sixty (60) consecutive days, and the aggregate amount of all such judgments exceeds (a) $5,000,000 for the Borrower or CRT and (b) $750,000 for any other Loan Party.

10.a.11 ERISA.  (a) If (i) any Plan shall be deemed to be in “at risk status” (as defined in Section 430(i)(4) of the Code without regard to Section 430(i)(4)(B) relating to the transition rule), (ii) any Plan shall have had or is likely to have a trustee appointed to administer such Plan, (iii) any Plan is, shall have been or is likely to be terminated or to be the subject of a distress termination proceeding under ERISA, (iv) a minimum required contribution (as defined in Section 430(a) of the Code) for a Plan has not been timely made, (v) a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate has incurred or is likely to incur a liability to or on account of a Plan under Section 409, 502(i), 502(l), 515, 4062, 4063, 4064, 4069, 4201, 4204 or 4212 of ERISA or Section 401(a)(29), 4971, 4975 or 4980 of the Code, or (vi) a Loan Party has incurred or is likely to incur liabilities pursuant to one or more employee welfare benefit plans (as defined in Section 3(l) of ERISA) that primarily provide health and welfare benefits to retired employees or other former employees (other than as required by Section 601 of ERISA) and any of the foregoing could have a Material Adverse Effect; (b) if there shall result from any event or events described in clauses (a)(i), (a)(ii), (a)(iii), (a)(iv) or (a)(v) of this Section 10.1.11, the imposition of a lien, the granting of a security interest, or a liability or a material risk of incurring a liability which could have, or reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect; or (c) if any such lien, security interest or liability is imposed or granted and, individually, and/or in the aggregate, in the reasonable opinion of the Administrative Agent could have, or reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect.

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10.a.12 Change of Control.  If a Change of Control shall occur.

10.a.13 Indictment; Forfeiture.  The indictment of, or institution of any legal process or proceeding against, the Borrower or any other Loan Party under any applicable Law where the relief, penalties, or remedies sought or available include the forfeiture of any property of Borrower and/or any other such Loan Party and/or the imposition of any stay or other order, the effect of which could be to restrain in any material way the conduct by the Borrower and/or any other such Loan Party of its business in the ordinary course.

10.a.14 Generally.  A default by the Borrower in the performance of any term, provision or condition of this Agreement to be performed by the Borrower, or a breach, or other failure to satisfy, any other term provision, condition, covenant or warranty under this Agreement and such default remains uncured beyond any applicable specific grace period provided for in this Agreement, including, without limitation, as set forth in Section 10.2 below.

b. Grace Periods and Notice.  As to each of the foregoing events the following provisions relating to grace periods and notice shall apply:

10.b.1 No Notice or Grace Period.  There shall be no grace period and no notice provision with respect to the payment of principal at maturity and/or in connection with a Mandatory Principal Prepayment (except as provided in Section 2.3.8) and no grace period and no notice provision with respect to defaults related to the voluntary filing of bankruptcy or reorganization proceedings or an assignment for the benefit of creditors, or subject to Sections 10.2.4 and 10.2.5, with respect to a breach of warranty or representation under Article 6, or (subject to Section 10.2.5) with respect to the breach of any of the affirmative covenants set forth in Article 7 (unless a grace or cure period is specifically provided for therein) or (subject to Section 10.2.5) with respect to the breach of any of the negative covenants set forth in Article 8.

10.b.2 Nonpayment of Interest.  As to the nonpayment of interest there shall be a three (3) Business Day grace period without any requirement of notice from the Administrative Agent.

10.b.3 Other Monetary Defaults.  All other monetary defaults shall have a three (3) Business Day grace period following notice from the Administrative Agent.

10.b.4 Nonmonetary Defaults Capable of Cure.  As to non-monetary Defaults which are reasonably capable of being cured or remedied, unless there is a specific shorter or longer grace period provided for in this Loan Agreement or in another Loan Document, there shall be a thirty (30) day grace period following such Default; provided that if such Default would reasonably require more than thirty (30) days to cure or remedy, such longer period as requested by the Borrower but in no event longer than ninety (90) days following such Default and no extension shall be granted if such Default has caused a Material Adverse Effect.

10.b.5 Borrowing Base Property Defaults.  As to any non-monetary Defaults which are capable of being cured or remedied by the removal of any Individual Property or Individual Properties from being Borrowing Base Properties, there shall be a thirty (30) day grace period following such Default for the Borrower to cure or remedy such Default by removing such Individual Properties from being Borrowing Base Properties, if required, or by removing such Borrowing Base Properties from the Borrowing Base Value.

11. REMEDIES.

a. Remedies.  Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, whether or not the Obligations evidenced by this Agreement shall be due and payable or the Administrative Agent shall have instituted any action for the enforcement of the Loan Documents, the Administrative Agent may in its sole and absolute discretion, and shall upon the direction of the Required Lenders, in addition to any other remedies which the Administrative Agent may have hereunder or under the other Loan Documents, or otherwise, and not in limitation thereof:

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11.a.1 Accelerate Debt.  Declare the Obligations immediately due and payable (provided that in the case of a voluntary petition in bankruptcy filed by Borrower or an involuntary petition in bankruptcy filed against Borrower (after expiration of the grace period, if any, set forth in Section 10.1.8), such acceleration shall be automatic).

11.a.2 Pursue Remedies.  Pursue any and all remedies provided for hereunder, under any one or more of the other Loan Documents, and/or otherwise.

b. Distribution of Liquidation Proceeds.  Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Administrative Agent shall distribute all Liquidation Proceeds in the order and manner set forth below:

First:  To the Administrative Agent, towards any fees and any expenses for which the Administrative Agent is entitled to reimbursement under this Agreement or the other Loan Documents not theretofore paid to the Administrative Agent.

Second:  To all applicable Lenders in accordance with their proportional share based upon their respective Commitment Percentages until all Lenders have been reimbursed for all fees and expenses which such Lenders have previously paid to the Administrative Agent and not theretofore paid to such Lenders.

Third:  Pari passu, (a) to all applicable Lenders in accordance with their proportional share based upon their respective Commitment Percentages until all Lenders have been paid in full all principal and interest due to such Lenders under the Loan, with each Lender applying such proceeds for purposes of this Agreement first against the outstanding principal balance due to such Lender under the Loan and then to accrued and unpaid interest due under the Loan, and (b) to payment of breakage, termination or other payments, and any interest accrued thereon, due under any Swap Contract between any Loan Party and Administrative Agent or any Lender, or any Affiliate of a Lender.

Fourth:  To all applicable Lenders in accordance with their proportional share based upon their respective Commitment Percentages until all Lenders have been paid in full all other amounts due to such Lenders under the Loan including, without limitation, any costs and expenses incurred directly by such Lenders to the extent such costs and expenses are reimbursable to such Lenders by the Borrower under the Loan Documents.

Fifth:  To the Borrower or such third parties as may be entitled to claim Liquidation Proceeds.

c. Power of Attorney.  For the purpose of exercising the rights granted by this Article 11, as well as any and all other rights and remedies of Administrative Agent under the Loan Documents, the Borrower hereby irrevocably constitutes and appoints the Administrative Agent (or any agent designated by Administrative Agent) its true and lawful attorney-in-fact, with full power of substitution, upon and following any Event of Default which is continuing, to execute, acknowledge and deliver any instruments and to do and perform any acts in the name and on behalf of the Borrower.  In connection with the foregoing power of attorney, the Borrower hereby grants unto the Administrative Agent (acting through any of its officers) full power to do any and all things necessary or appropriate in connection with the exercise of such powers as fully and effectually as the Borrower might or could do, hereby ratifying all that said attorney shall do or cause to be done by virtue of this Agreement.  The foregoing power of attorney shall not be affected by any disability or incapacity suffered by the Borrower and shall survive the same.  All powers conferred upon the Administrative Agent by this Agreement, being coupled with an interest, shall be irrevocable until this Agreement is terminated by a written instrument executed by a duly authorized officer of the Administrative Agent.

12. SECURITY INTEREST AND SET-OFF.

a. Security Interest.  The Borrower hereby grants (and shall cause each other Loan Party  to grant) to the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders, a continuing lien, security interest and right of setoff (with setoff being subject to Section 12.2) as security for all of the Obligations, upon and against all deposits, credits, collateral and property, now or hereafter in the possession, custody, safekeeping or control of Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders or any of their respective successors and assigns, or in transit to any of them.

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b. Set-Off/Sharing of Payments.  If any Event of Default occurs, any such deposits, balances or other sums credited by or due from Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders, or from any of their respective Affiliates, to the Borrower may to the fullest extent not prohibited by applicable Law at any time or from time to time, without regard to the existence, sufficiency or adequacy of any other collateral, and without notice or compliance with any other condition precedent now or hereafter imposed by statute, rule of law or otherwise, all of which are hereby waived, be set off, appropriated and applied by the Administrative Agent against any or all of Loan Party’s Obligations irrespective of whether demand shall have been made and although such obligations may be unmatured, in the manner set forth herein.  Within five (5) Business Days of making any such set off, appropriation or application, the Administrative Agent agrees to notify the Borrower thereof, provided the failure to give such notice shall not affect the validity of such set off or appropriation or application.  ANY AND ALL RIGHTS TO REQUIRE THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT OR ANY OF THE LENDERS TO EXERCISE ITS RIGHTS OR REMEDIES WITH RESPECT TO ANY OTHER COLLATERAL WHICH SECURES THE OBLIGATIONS, PRIOR TO EXERCISING ITS RIGHT OF SETOFF WITH RESPECT TO SUCH DEPOSITS, CREDITS OR OTHER PROPERTY OF THE BORROWER OR ANY GUARANTOR, ARE HEREBY KNOWINGLY, VOLUNTARILY AND IRREVOCABLY WAIVED.  Each of the Lenders agrees with each other Lender that (a) if an amount to be set off is to be applied to indebtedness of the Borrower to such Lender, other than the Obligations evidenced by this Agreement due to such Lender, such amount shall be applied ratably to such other indebtedness and to the Obligations evidenced by this Agreement due to such Lender, and (b) if such Lender shall receive from the Borrower, whether by voluntary payment, exercise of the right of setoff, counterclaim, cross action, enforcement of the claim evidenced by this Agreement due to such Lender by proceedings against the Borrower at law or in equity or by proof thereof in bankruptcy, reorganization, liquidation, receivership or similar proceedings, or otherwise, and shall retain and apply to the payment of the Obligations due to such Lender any amount in excess of its ratable portion of the payments received by all of the Lenders with respect to Obligations under this Agreement due to all of the Lenders, such Lender will make such disposition and arrangements with the other Lenders with respect to such excess, either by way of distribution, pro tanto assignment of claims, subrogation or otherwise as shall result in each Lender receiving in respect of the Obligations its proportionate payment as contemplated by this Agreement; provided that if all or any part of such excess payment is thereafter recovered from such Lender, such disposition and arrangements shall be rescinded and the amount restored to the extent of such recovery, but without interest.

c. Right to Freeze.  The Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders shall also have the right, at its option, upon the occurrence of any event which would entitle the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders to set off or debit as set forth in Section 12.2, to freeze, block or segregate any such deposits, balances and other sums so that Borrower may not access, control or draw upon the same.

d. Additional Rights.  The rights of the Administrative Agent, the Lenders and each of their respective Affiliates under this Article 12 are in addition to, and not in limitation of, other rights and remedies, including other rights of set off, which the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders may have.

13. THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT AND THE LENDERS.

a. Rights, Duties and Immunities of the Administrative Agent.

13.a.1 Appointment of Administrative Agent.  Each of the Lenders hereby irrevocably appoints KeyBank to act on its behalf as the Administrative Agent hereunder and under the other Loan Documents and authorizes the Administrative Agent to take such actions on its behalf and to exercise such powers as are delegated to the Administrative Agent by the terms hereof or thereof, together with such actions and powers as are reasonably incidental thereto.  The provisions of this Section 13.1 (other than Sections 13.1.10, and as may be limited by Sections 13.2.4 and 13.3.2) are solely for the benefit of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders, and neither the Borrower nor any other Loan Party shall have rights as a third party beneficiary of any of such provisions.

13.a.2 No Other Duties, Etc.  Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, neither the Arranger nor any other titled agents shall have any powers, duties or responsibilities under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, except in its capacity, as applicable, as the Administrative Agent or a Lender hereunder.

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13.a.3 Delegation of Duties.  The Administrative Agent may perform any and all of its duties and exercise its rights and powers hereunder or under any other Loan Document by or through any one or more sub‑agents appointed by the Administrative Agent.  The Administrative Agent and any such sub‑agent may perform any and all of its duties and exercise its rights and powers by or through their respective Related Parties.  The exculpatory provisions of this Article shall apply to any such sub-agent and to the Related Parties of the Administrative Agent and any such sub-agent, and shall apply to their respective activities in connection with the syndication of the credit facilities provided for herein as well as activities as Administrative Agent.

13.a.4 Exculpatory Provisions.

(a) The Administrative Agent shall not have any duties or obligations except those expressly set forth herein and in the other Loan Documents.  Without limiting the generality of the foregoing (but subject to Section 13.1.4(b)), the Administrative Agent:

(i) shall not be subject to any fiduciary or other implied duties, regardless of whether a Default has occurred and is continuing;

(ii) shall not have any duty to take any discretionary action or exercise any discretionary powers, except discretionary rights and powers expressly contemplated hereby or by the other Loan Documents that the Administrative Agent is required to exercise as directed in writing by the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be expressly provided for herein or in the other Loan Documents), provided that the Administrative Agent shall not be required to take any action that, in its opinion or the opinion of its counsel, may expose the Administrative Agent to liability or that is contrary to any Loan Document or applicable Law; and

(iii) shall not, except as expressly set forth herein and in the other Loan Documents, have any duty to disclose, and shall not be liable for the failure to disclose, any information relating to the Borrower or any of its Affiliates that is communicated to or obtained by the Person serving as the Administrative Agent or any of its Affiliates in any capacity.

(b) The Administrative Agent shall not be liable for any action taken or not taken by it (i) with the consent or at the request of the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be necessary), or as the Administrative Agent shall believe in good faith shall be necessary, under the circumstances as provided in Sections 11.2 and 13.4.1 or (ii) in the absence of its own (or its officers’, directors’, employees’, agents’, attorneys in fact or Affiliates’) gross negligence or willful misconduct.

(c) The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into (i) any statement, warranty or representation made in or in connection with this Agreement or any other Loan Document, (ii) the contents of any certificate, report or other document delivered hereunder or thereunder or in connection herewith or therewith, (iii) the performance or observance of any of the covenants, agreements or other terms or conditions set forth herein or therein or the occurrence of any Default, (iv) the validity, enforceability, effectiveness or genuineness of this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any other agreement, instrument or document or (v) the satisfaction of any condition set forth in Section 5 or elsewhere herein, other than to confirm receipt of items expressly required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent.

13.a.5 Reliance by Administrative Agent.  The Administrative Agent shall be entitled to rely upon, and shall not incur any liability for relying upon, any notice, request, certificate, consent, statement, instrument, document or other writing (including any electronic message, Internet or intranet website posting or other distribution) believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed, sent or otherwise authenticated by the proper Person.  The Administrative Agent also may rely upon any statement made to it orally or by telephone and believed by it to have been made by the proper Person, and shall not incur any liability for relying thereon.  In determining compliance with any condition hereunder to the making of a Loan Advance

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that by its terms must be fulfilled to the satisfaction of a Lender, the Administrative Agent may presume that such condition is satisfactory to such Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice to the contrary from such Lender prior to the making of such Loan Advance.  The Administrative Agent may consult with legal counsel (who may be counsel for the Borrower), independent accountants and other experts selected by it, and shall not be liable for any action taken or not taken by it in accordance with the advice of any such counsel, accountants or experts.

13.a.6 Notice of Default.  The Administrative Agent shall be deemed not to have knowledge of any Default unless and until notice describing such Default is given to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower or a Lender.

13.a.7 Lenders’ Credit Decisions.  Each Lender acknowledges that it has, independently and without reliance upon the Administrative Agent or any other Lender or any of their Related Parties and based on such documents and information as it has deemed appropriate, made its own credit analysis and decision to enter into this Agreement.  Each Lender also acknowledges that it will, independently and without reliance upon the Administrative Agent or any other Lender or any of their Related Parties and based on such documents and information as it shall from time to time deem appropriate, continue to make its own decisions in taking or not taking action under or based upon this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any related agreement or any document furnished hereunder or thereunder.

13.a.8 Administrative Agent’s Reimbursement and Indemnification.  The Lenders agree to reimburse and indemnify the Administrative Agent, ratably in proportion to their respective Commitments, for (i) any amounts not reimbursed by the Borrower for which the Administrative Agent is entitled to reimbursement by the Borrower under this Loan Agreement or the other Loan Documents, (ii) any other expenses incurred by the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders in connection with the preparation, execution, delivery, administration, amendment, waiver and/or enforcement of this Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and (iii) any liabilities, obligations, losses, damages, penalties, actions, judgments, suits, costs, expenses or disbursements of any kind and nature whatsoever which may be imposed on, incurred by or asserted against the Administrative Agent in any way relating to or arising out of this Loan Agreement or the other Loan Documents or any other document delivered in connection therewith or any transaction contemplated thereby, or the enforcement of any of the terms hereof or thereof, provided that no Lender shall be liable for any of the foregoing to the extent that they arise from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Administrative Agent.  If any indemnity furnished to the Administrative Agent for any purpose shall, in the opinion of the Administrative Agent, be insufficient or become impaired, the Administrative Agent may call for additional indemnity and cease, or not commence, to do the action indemnified against until such additional indemnity is furnished.

13.a.9 Administrative Agent in its Individual Capacity.  The Person serving as the Administrative Agent hereunder shall have the same rights and powers in its capacity as a Lender as any other Lender and may exercise the same as though it were not the Administrative Agent and the term “Lender” or “Lenders” shall, unless otherwise expressly indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, include the Person serving as the Administrative Agent hereunder in its individual capacity.  Such Person and its Affiliates may accept deposits from, lend money to, act as the financial advisor or in any other advisory capacity for and generally engage in any kind of business with the Borrower, CRT or any Borrower Subsidiary or other Affiliate thereof as if such Person were not the Administrative Agent hereunder and without any duty to account therefor to the Lenders..

13.a.10 Successor Administrative Agent.  The Administrative Agent may at any time give notice of its resignation to the Lenders and the Borrower. Upon receipt of any such notice of resignation, the Required Lenders shall have the right, in consultation with and, if such appointment is prior to the occurrence and continuation of an Event of Default, with the prior approval of, the Borrower, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed, to appoint a successor, which shall be a bank with an office in the United States, or an Affiliate of any such bank with an office in the United States.  If no such successor shall have been so appointed by the Required Lenders and shall have accepted such appointment within thirty (30) days after the retiring Administrative Agent gives notice of its resignation, then the retiring Administrative Agent may, at the direction and with the consent of the Borrower, on behalf of the Lenders, appoint a successor

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Administrative Agent meeting the qualifications set forth above; provided that if the Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower and the Lenders that no qualifying Person has accepted such appointment, then such resignation shall nonetheless become effective in accordance with such notice and (1) the retiring Administrative Agent shall be discharged from its duties and obligations hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (except that in the case of any collateral security held by the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders under any of the Loan Documents, the retiring Administrative Agent shall continue to hold such collateral security until such time as a successor Administrative Agent is appointed) and (2) all payments, communications and determinations provided to be made by, to or through the Administrative Agent shall instead be made by or to each Lender directly, until such time as the Required Lenders appoint a successor Administrative Agent as provided for above in this Section.  Upon the acceptance of a successor’s appointment as Administrative Agent hereunder, such successor shall succeed to and become vested with all of the rights, powers, privileges and duties of the retiring (or retired) Administrative Agent, and the retiring Administrative Agent shall be discharged from all of its duties and obligations hereunder or under the other Loan Documents (if not already discharged therefrom as provided above in this Section).  The fees payable by the Borrower to a successor Administrative Agent shall be the same as those payable to its predecessor unless otherwise agreed between the Borrower and such successor.  After the retiring Administrative Agent’s resignation hereunder and under the other Loan Documents, the provisions of this Section and Section 15.9 shall continue in effect for the benefit of such retiring Administrative Agent, its sub‑agents and their respective Related Parties in respect of any actions taken or omitted to be taken by any of them while the retiring Administrative Agent was acting as Administrative Agent.

13.a.11 Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim.  In case of the pendency of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law or any other judicial proceeding relative to any Loan Party, the Administrative Agent (irrespective of whether the principal of any Loan shall then be due and payable as herein expressed or by declaration or otherwise and irrespective of whether the Administrative Agent shall have made any demand on the Borrower) shall be entitled and empowered, by intervention in such proceeding or otherwise

(a) to file and prove a claim for the whole amount of the principal and interest owing and unpaid in respect of the Loan and all other Obligations that are owing and unpaid and to file such other documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent and their respective agents and counsel and all other amounts due the Lenders and the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.4, and 15.9) allowed in such judicial proceeding; and

(b) to collect and receive any monies or other property payable or deliverable on any such claims and to distribute the same.

and any custodian, receiver, assignee, trustee, liquidator, sequestrator or other similar official in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Lender to make such payments to the Administrative Agent and, in the event that the Administrative Agent shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Lenders, to pay to the Administrative Agent any amount due for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Administrative Agent and its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.4 and 15.9.

Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to authorize the Administrative Agent to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on behalf of any Lender any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Obligations or the rights of any Lender to authorize the Administrative Agent to vote in respect of the claim of any Lender in any such proceeding.

13.a.12 Guaranty Matters.  The Lenders irrevocably authorize the Administrative Agent, at its option and in its discretion, to release any Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty if such Person ceases to be a Subsidiary or an owner of a Borrowing Base Property or an indirect owner of a Borrowing Base Property Owner as a result of a transaction permitted hereunder.

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Upon request by the Administrative Agent at any time, the Required Lenders will promptly confirm in writing the Administrative Agent’s authority to release any Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty pursuant to this Section 13.1.12.

b. Respecting Loans and Payments.

13.b.1 Adjustments.  If, after the Administrative Agent has paid each Lender’s proportionate share of any payment received or applied by the Administrative Agent in respect of the Loan and other Obligations, that payment is rescinded or must otherwise be returned or paid over by the Administrative Agent, whether pursuant to any Debtor Relief Law, sharing of payments clause of any loan agreement or otherwise, such Lender shall, at the Administrative Agent’s request, promptly return its proportionate share of such payment or application to the Administrative Agent, together with such  Lender’s proportionate share of any interest or other amount required to be paid by the Administrative Agent with respect to such payment or application.

13.b.2 Setoff.  If any Lender (including the Administrative Agent), acting in its individual capacity, shall exercise any right of setoff against a deposit balance or other account of the Borrower held by such Lender on account of the obligations of the Borrower under this Loan Agreement, such Lender shall remit to the Administrative Agent all such sums received pursuant to the exercise of such right of setoff, and the Administrative Agent shall apply all such sums for the benefit of all of the Lenders hereunder in accordance with the terms of this Loan Agreement.

13.b.3 Distribution by the Administrative Agent.  If in the opinion of the Administrative Agent distribution of any amount received by it in such capacity hereunder or under any of the other Loan Documents might involve any liability, it may refrain from making distribution until its right to make distribution shall have been adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction or has been resolved by the mutual consent of all Lenders.  In addition, the Administrative Agent may request full and complete indemnity, in form and substance satisfactory to it, prior to making any such distribution.  If a court of competent jurisdiction shall adjudge that any amount received and distributed by the Administrative Agent is to be repaid, each Person to whom any such distribution shall have been made shall either repay to the Administrative Agent its proportionate share of the amount so adjudged to be repaid or shall pay over to the same in such manner and to such Persons as shall be determined by such court.

13.b.4 Removal or Replacement of a Lender.  If any Lender requests compensation under Sections 2.6.1 or 2.6.2, or if the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 2.8, or if any Lender is a Defaulting Lender, then in addition to, and not in limitation of, the rights and remedies that may be available to the Borrower at law or in equity, the Borrower may, at its sole expense and effort, upon notice to such Lender and the Administrative Agent, require such Lender to assign and delegate, without recourse (in accordance with and subject to the restrictions contained in, and consents required by, Section 13.3), all of its interests, rights and obligations under this Agreement and the related Loan Documents to an assignee that shall assume such obligations (which assignee may be another Lender, if a Lender accepts such assignment), provided that:

(a) The Administrative Agent shall be paid the assignment fee specified in Section 13.3.2(d);

(b) Such Lender shall have received payment of an amount equal to the outstanding principal of its Loans, accrued interest thereon, accrued fees and all other amounts payable to it hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (including any amounts under Section 2.3.15) from the assignee (to the extent of such outstanding principal and accrued interest and fees) or the Borrower (in the case of all other amounts);

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(c) In the case of any such assignment resulting from a claim for compensation under Sections 2.6.1 or 2.6.2 or payments required to be made pursuant to Section 2.8, such assignment will result in a reduction in such compensation or payments thereafter; and

(d) Such assignment does not conflict with applicable Laws.

A Lender shall not be required to make any such assignment or delegation if, prior thereto, as a result of a waiver by such Lender or otherwise, the circumstances entitling the Borrower to require such assignment and delegation cease to apply.

13.b.5 Holders.  The Administrative Agent may deem and treat the Lender designated in the Register as the proportionate owner of such interest in the Obligations for all purposes hereof unless and until a written notice of the assignment, transfer or endorsement thereof, as the case may be, shall have been filed with the Administrative Agent.  Any request, authority or consent of any Person or entity who, at the time of making such request or giving such authority or consent, is the holder of any designated interest in the Obligations shall be conclusive and binding on any subsequent holder, transferee or endorsee, as the case may be, of such interest in the Obligations.

c. Assignments by Lenders.

13.c.1 Successors and Assigns Generally.  The provisions of this Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and assigns permitted hereby, except that neither the Borrower nor any other Loan Party may assign or otherwise transfer any of its rights or obligations hereunder without the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent and each Lender and no Lender may assign or otherwise transfer any of its rights or obligations hereunder except (i) to an assignee in accordance with the provisions of Section 13.3.2, (ii) by way of participation in accordance with the provisions of Section 13.3.4, or (iii) by way of pledge or assignment of a security interest subject to the restrictions of Section 13.3.6 (and any other attempted assignment or transfer by any party hereto shall be null and void).  Nothing in this Agreement, expressed or implied, shall be construed to confer upon any Person (other than the parties hereto, their respective successors and assigns permitted hereby, Participants to the extent provided in Section 13.3.6 and, to the extent expressly contemplated hereby, the Related Parties of each of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders) any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under or by reason of this Agreement.

13.c.2 Assignments by Lenders.  Any Lender may at any time assign to one or more assignees all or a portion of its rights and obligations under this Agreement (including all or a portion of its Commitment and the Loans at the time owing to it); provided that any such assignment shall be subject to the following conditions:

(a) Minimum Amounts.

(i) in the case of an assignment of the entire remaining amount of the assigning Lender’s Commitment and the Loans at the time owing to it or in the case of an assignment to a Lender, an Affiliate of a Lender or an Approved Fund, no minimum amount need be assigned; and

(ii) in any case not described in Section 13.3.2(a)(i), the aggregate amount of the Commitment (which for this purpose includes Loans outstanding thereunder) or, if the Commitment is not then in effect, the principal outstanding balance of the Loans of the assigning Lender subject to each such assignment, determined as of the date the Assignment and Assumption with respect to such assignment is delivered to the Administrative Agent or, if “Trade Date” is specified in the Assignment and Assumption, as of the Trade Date, shall not be less than $5,000,000 unless each of the Administrative Agent and, so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Borrower otherwise consents (each such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed);

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provided, however, that concurrent assignments to members of an Assignee Group and concurrent assignments from members of an Assignee Group to a single Eligible Assignee (or to an Eligible Assignee and members of its Assignee Group) will be treated as a single assignment for purposes of determining whether such minimum amount has been met.

(b) Proportionate Amounts.  Each partial assignment shall be made as an assignment of a proportionate part of all the assigning Lender’s rights and obligations under this Agreement with respect to the Loans or the Commitment assigned.

(c) Required Consents.  No consent shall be required for any assignment except to the extent required by Section 13.3.2(a)(ii) and, in addition:

(i) the consent of the Borrower shall be required unless (1) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing at the time of such assignment or (2) such assignment is to a Lender (other than a Defaulting Lender), an Affiliate of a Lender (other than a Defaulting Lender) or an Approved Fund; and

(ii) the consent of the Administrative Agent (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed) shall be required if such assignment is to a Person that is not a Lender, an Affiliate of such Lender or an Approved Fund with respect to such Lender.

(d) Assignment and Assumption.  The parties to each assignment shall execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent an Assignment and Assumption, together with a processing and recordation fee in the amount of $3,500; provided, however, that the Administrative Agent may, in its sole discretion, elect to waive such processing and recordation fee in the case of any assignment.  The assignee, if it is not a Lender, shall deliver to the Administrative Agent an Administrative Questionnaire.

(e) No Assignment to Borrower.  No such assignment shall be made to CRT, the Borrower or any of the Borrower’s Affiliates or Subsidiaries.

(f) No Assignment to Natural Persons.  No such assignment shall be made to a natural Person.

(g) No Assignment to Defaulting Lenders.  No such assignment shall be made to a Defaulting Lender.

Subject to acceptance and recording thereof by the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 13.2.3, from and after the effective date specified in each Assignment and Assumption, the assignee thereunder shall be a party to this Agreement and, to the extent of the interest assigned by such Assignment and Assumption, have the rights and obligations of a Lender under this Agreement, and the assigning Lender thereunder shall, to the extent of the interest assigned by such Assignment and Assumption, be released from its obligations under this Agreement (and, in the case of an Assignment and Assumption covering all of the assigning Lender’s rights and obligations under this Agreement, such Lender shall cease to be a party hereto) but shall continue to be entitled to the benefits of Sections 2.8, 2.6.1, 2.6.2, 2.3.15, and 15.9 with respect to facts and circumstances occurring prior to the effective date of such assignment.  Upon request, the Borrower (at its expense) shall execute and deliver a Note to the assignee Lender; provided that such new Note shall be dated the effective date of such Assignment and Acceptance and shall be otherwise in the form of Exhibit B.  To the extent a Lender has assigned all of its Commitment and Loans, it covenants to return any outstanding Note to the Borrower or to provide a lost note indemnity in lieu thereof.  Any assignment or transfer by a Lender of rights or obligations under this Agreement that does not comply with this subsection shall be treated for purposes of this Agreement as a sale by such Lender of a participation in such rights and obligations in accordance with subsection (d) of this Section.

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13.c.3 Register.  The Administrative Agent, acting solely for this purpose as an agent of the Borrower, shall maintain at the Administrative Agent’s Office a copy of each Assignment and Assumption delivered to it and a register for the recordation of the names and addresses of the Lenders, and the Commitments of, and principal amounts of the Loans owing to, each Lender pursuant to the terms hereof from time to time (the “Register”).  The entries in the Register shall be conclusive, in the absence of manifest error, and the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders may treat each Person whose name is recorded in the Register pursuant to the terms hereof as a Lender hereunder for all purposes of this Agreement, notwithstanding notice to the contrary.  The Register shall be available for inspection by the Borrower and any Lender, at any reasonable time and from time to time upon reasonable prior notice.

13.c.4 Participations.  Any Lender may at any time, without the consent of, or notice to, the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, sell participations to any Person (other than a natural Person or CRT or the Borrower or any of the Borrower’s or CRT’s Affiliates or Subsidiaries) (each, a “Participant”) in all or a portion of such Lender’s rights and/or obligations under this Agreement (including all or a portion of its Commitment and/or the Loans owing to it); provided that (i) such Lender’s obligations under this Agreement shall remain unchanged, (ii) such Lender shall remain solely responsible to the other parties hereto for the performance of such obligations and (iii) the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall continue to deal solely and directly with such Lender in connection with such Lender’s rights and obligations under this Agreement.  

Any agreement or instrument pursuant to which a Lender sells such a participation shall provide that such Lender shall retain the sole right to enforce this Agreement and to approve any amendment, modification or waiver of any  provision of this Agreement; provided that such agreement or instrument may provide that such Lender will not, without the consent of the Participant, agree to any amendment, waiver or other modification described in the first proviso to Section 13.4.1 that affects such Participant.  Subject to Section 13.3.5, the Borrower agrees that each Participant shall be entitled to the benefits of Sections 2.8, 2.6.1, 2.6.2 and 2.3.15 to the same extent as if it were a Lender and had acquired its interest by assignment pursuant to Section 13.3.2.  To the extent permitted by Law, each Participant also shall be entitled to the benefits of Section 12.2 as though it were a Lender, provided such Participant agrees to be subject to Section 12.2 as though it were a Lender.

Each Lender that sells a participation shall, acting solely for this purpose as a non-fiduciary agent of the Borrower, maintain a register on which it enters the name and address of each Participant and the principal amounts (and stated interest) of each Participant’s interest in the Loans or other obligations under the Loan Documents (the “Participant Register”); provided that no Lender shall have any obligation to disclose all or any portion of the Participant Register (including the identity of any Participant or any information relating to a Participant's interest in any Commitments, Loans, or its other obligations under any Loan Document) to any Person except to the extent that such disclosure is necessary to establish that such Commitment, Loan or other obligation under any Loan Document is in registered form under Section 5f.103-1(c) of the United States Treasury Regulations. The entries in the Participant Register shall be conclus