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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K

 ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____to_____

Commission File NumberExact name of registrants as specified in their charters, address of principal executive offices and registrants' telephone numberI.R.S. Employer Identification No.
1-12579OGE ENERGY CORP.73-1481638
1-1097OKLAHOMA GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY73-0382390
321 North Harvey
P.O. Box 321
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73101-0321
405-553-3000

State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization: Oklahoma
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
RegistrantTitle of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
OGE Energy Corp.Common StockOGENew York Stock Exchange
Oklahoma Gas and Electric CompanyNoneN/AN/A

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
OGE Energy Corp. þ  Yes  o  No        Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company þ  Yes  o  No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.
OGE Energy Corp. o  Yes   þ  No        Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company o  Yes  þ  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  
OGE Energy Corp. þ  Yes   o  No        Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company þ  Yes  o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). 
OGE Energy Corp. þ  Yes   o  No        Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company þ  Yes  o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
OGE Energy Corp.Large Accelerated FilerþAccelerated FileroNon-accelerated FileroSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth companyo
Oklahoma Gas and Electric CompanyLarge Accelerated FileroAccelerated FileroNon-accelerated FilerþSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth companyo
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.     OGE Energy Corp.                 Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
OGE Energy Corp.   Yes   þ  No        Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company  Yes   þ  No
At June 30, 2020, the last business day of OGE Energy Corp.'s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of shares of common stock held by non-affiliates was $6,077,156,282 based on the number of shares held by non-affiliates (200,169,838) and the reported closing market price of the common stock on the New York Stock Exchange on such date of $30.36.
At June 30, 2020, there was no voting or non-voting common equity of Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company held by non-affiliates.
At January 29, 2021, there were 200,021,161 shares of OGE Energy Corp.'s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.
At January 29, 2021, there were 40,378,745 shares of Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company's common stock, par value $2.50 per share, outstanding, all of which were held by OGE Energy Corp. There were no other shares of capital stock of the registrant outstanding at such date.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
The Proxy Statement for OGE Energy Corp.'s 2021 annual meeting of shareowners is incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.
This combined Form 10-K represents separate filings by OGE Energy Corp. and Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company. Information contained herein related to an individual registrant is filed by such registrant on its own behalf. Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company makes no representations as to the information relating to OGE Energy Corp.'s other operations.
Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction I(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-K and is therefore filing this form with the reduced disclosure format permitted by General Instruction I(2).




FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
Item 2. Properties

i


GLOSSARY OF TERMS

The following is a glossary of frequently used abbreviations that are found throughout this Form 10-K.
AbbreviationDefinition
2019 Form 10-KAnnual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019
401(k) PlanQualified defined contribution retirement plan
APSCArkansas Public Service Commission
ArcLight groupBronco Midstream Holdings, LLC and Bronco Midstream Holdings II, LLC, collectively
ASCFASB Accounting Standards Codification
ASUFASB Accounting Standards Update
CenterPointCenterPoint Energy Resources Corp., wholly-owned subsidiary of CenterPoint Energy, Inc.
CO2
Carbon dioxide
CodeInternal Revenue Code of 1986
COVID-19Novel Coronavirus disease
Dry ScrubberDry flue gas desulfurization unit with spray dryer absorber
EGTEnable Gas Transmission, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Enable that operates an approximately 5,900-mile interstate pipeline that provides natural gas transportation and storage services to customers principally in the Anadarko, Arkoma and Ark-La-Tex Basins in Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri and Kansas
EnableEnable Midstream Partners, LP, partnership between OGE Energy, the ArcLight group and CenterPoint Energy, Inc. formed to own and operate the midstream businesses of OGE Energy and CenterPoint
Energy TransferEnergy Transfer LP, a Delaware limited partnership
Enogex HoldingsEnogex Holdings LLC, the parent company of Enogex LLC and a majority-owned subsidiary of OGE Holdings, LLC (prior to May 1, 2013)
Enogex LLCEnogex LLC, collectively with its subsidiaries (effective June 30, 2013, the name was changed to Enable Oklahoma Intrastate Transmission, LLC)
EOITEnable Oklahoma Intrastate Transmission, LLC, formerly Enogex LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Enable that operates an approximately 2,200-mile intrastate pipeline that provides natural gas transportation and storage services to customers in Oklahoma
EPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board
Federal Clean Air ActFederal Clean Air Act of 1970, as amended
Federal Clean Water ActFederal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972, as amended
FERCFederal Energy Regulatory Commission
FIPFederal Implementation Plan
GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.
kVKilovolt
LDCLocal distribution company involved in the delivery of natural gas to consumers within a specific geographic area
MATSMercury and Air Toxics Standards
MBbl/dThousand barrels per day
MMBtuMillion British thermal unit
MRTEnable Mississippi River Transmission, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Enable that operates an approximately 1,600-mile interstate pipeline that provides natural gas transportation and storage services principally in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri and Illinois
MWMegawatt
MWhMegawatt-hour
NAAQSNational Ambient Air Quality Standards
NERCNorth American Electric Reliability Corporation
NGLs
Natural gas liquids, which are the hydrocarbon liquids contained within the natural gas stream including condensate
NOX
Nitrogen oxide
OCCOklahoma Corporation Commission
ODEQOklahoma Department of Environmental Quality
OG&EOklahoma Gas and Electric Company, wholly-owned subsidiary of OGE Energy
OGE EnergyOGE Energy Corp., collectively with its subsidiaries, holding company and parent company of OG&E
OGE HoldingsOGE Enogex Holdings LLC, wholly-owned subsidiary of OGE Energy, parent company of Enogex Holdings (prior to May 1, 2013) and 25.5 percent owner of Enable
OSHAFederal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
Pension PlanQualified defined benefit retirement plan
ii


QF contractContract with qualified cogeneration facilities and small power production producers
Regional Haze RuleThe EPA's Regional Haze Rule
RegistrantsOGE Energy and OG&E
Restoration of Retirement Income PlanSupplemental retirement plan to the Pension Plan
SESHSoutheast Supply Header, LLC, in which Enable owns a 50 percent interest as of December 31, 2020, that operates an approximately 290-mile interstate natural gas pipeline from Perryville, Louisiana to southwestern Alabama near the Gulf Coast
SIPState Implementation Plan
SO2
Sulfur dioxide
SPPSouthwest Power Pool
Stock Incentive Plan2013 Stock Incentive Plan
System salesSales to OG&E's customers
TBtu/dTrillion British thermal units per day
U.S.United States of America
Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo Bank, National Association

iii


FILING FORMAT

This combined Form 10-K is separately filed by OGE Energy and OG&E. Information in this combined Form 10-K relating to each individual Registrant is filed by such Registrant on its own behalf. OG&E makes no representation regarding information relating to any other companies affiliated with OGE Energy. Neither OGE Energy, nor any of OGE Energy's subsidiaries, other than OG&E, has any obligation in respect of OG&E's debt securities, and holders of such debt securities should not consider the financial resources or results of operations of OGE Energy nor any of OGE Energy's subsidiaries, other than OG&E (in relevant circumstances), in making a decision with respect to OG&E's debt securities. Similarly, none of OG&E nor any other subsidiary of OGE Energy has any obligation with respect to debt securities of OGE Energy. This combined Form 10-K should be read in its entirety. No one section of this combined Form 10-K deals with all aspects of the subject matter of this combined Form 10-K.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Except for the historical statements contained herein, the matters discussed within this Form 10-K, including those matters discussed within "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," are forward-looking statements that are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Such forward-looking statements are intended to be identified in this document by the words "anticipate," "believe," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "objective," "plan," "possible," "potential," "project," "target" and similar expressions. Actual results may vary materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements. In addition to the specific risk factors discussed within "Item 1A. Risk Factors" and "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" herein, factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

general economic conditions, including the availability of credit, access to existing lines of credit, access to the commercial paper markets, actions of rating agencies and their impact on capital expenditures;
the ability of OGE Energy and its subsidiaries to access the capital markets and obtain financing on favorable terms as well as inflation rates and monetary fluctuations;
the ability to obtain timely and sufficient rate relief to allow for recovery of items such as capital expenditures, fuel costs, operating costs, transmission costs and deferred expenditures;
prices and availability of electricity, coal, natural gas and NGLs;
for OGE Energy, the timing and extent of changes in commodity prices, particularly natural gas and NGLs, the competitive effects of the available pipeline capacity in the regions Enable serves and the effects of geographic and seasonal commodity price differentials, including the effects of these circumstances on re-contracting available capacity on Enable's interstate pipelines;
for OGE Energy, the timing and extent of changes in the supply of natural gas, particularly supplies available for gathering by Enable's gathering and processing business and transporting by Enable's interstate and intrastate pipelines, including the impact of natural gas and NGLs prices on the level of drilling and production activities in the regions Enable serves;
for OGE Energy, business conditions in the energy and natural gas midstream industries, including the demand for natural gas, NGLs, crude oil and midstream services;
competitive factors, including the extent and timing of the entry of additional competition in the markets served by the Registrants;
the impact on demand for services resulting from cost-competitive advances in technology, such as distributed electricity generation and customer energy efficiency programs;
technological developments, changing markets and other factors that result in competitive disadvantages and create the potential for impairment of existing assets;
factors affecting utility operations such as unusual weather conditions; catastrophic weather-related damage; unscheduled generation outages, unusual maintenance or repairs; unanticipated changes to fossil fuel, natural gas or coal supply costs or availability due to higher demand, shortages, transportation problems or other developments; environmental incidents; or electric transmission or gas pipeline system constraints;
availability and prices of raw materials for current and future construction projects;
the effect of retroactive pricing of transactions in the SPP markets or adjustments in market pricing mechanisms by the SPP;
federal or state legislation and regulatory decisions and initiatives that affect cost and investment recovery, have an impact on rate structures or affect the speed and degree to which competition enters the Registrants' markets;
environmental laws, safety laws or other regulations that may impact the cost of operations or restrict or change the way the Registrants' facilities are operated;
changes in accounting standards, rules or guidelines;
the discontinuance of accounting principles for certain types of rate-regulated activities;


1


the cost of protecting assets against, or damage due to, terrorism or cyberattacks and other catastrophic events;
creditworthiness of suppliers, customers and other contractual parties;
social attitudes regarding the utility, natural gas and power industries;
identification of suitable investment opportunities to enhance shareholder returns and achieve long-term financial objectives through business acquisitions and divestitures;
increased pension and healthcare costs;
the impact of extraordinary external events, such as the current pandemic health event resulting from COVID-19, and their collateral consequences, including extended disruption of economic activity in the Registrants' markets;
costs and other effects of legal and administrative proceedings, settlements, investigations, claims and matters, including, but not limited to, those described in this Form 10-K;
difficulty in making accurate assumptions and projections regarding future revenues and costs associated with OGE Energy's equity investment in Enable that OGE Energy does not control;
Enable's pending merger with Energy Transfer and the expected timing of the consummation of the merger; and
other risk factors listed in the reports filed by the Registrants with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including those listed within "Item 1A. Risk Factors" herein.

The Registrants undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

SUMMARY OF RISK FACTORS

The Registrants are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties, including regulatory risks, operational risks, financial risks and certain general risks. Risks of OG&E are also risks of OGE Energy. OGE Energy also is subject to risks associated with its investment in Enable. These risks could have a material adverse effect on the Registrants' business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Risks that the Registrants deem material are described under "Risk Factors" within "Item 1A. Risk Factors" herein. These risks include, but are not limited to, the following.
Pg.
Regulatory Risks
Profitability depends on the ability to recover costs from OG&E's customers in a timely manner.
OG&E's rates are subject to various regulatory agencies whose regulatory paradigms and goals may differ.
Costs of compliance with environmental laws and regulations are significant and may increase with the new Biden administration.
Costs of the Registrants' investments in capital improvements and additions may not be recoverable.
The regional power market in which OG&E operates has changing transmission regulatory structures.
The Registrants may face increased competition resulting from changes to the utility and energy markets.
The Registrants are subject to compliance with substantial utility and energy regulation.
Operational Risks
Results of operations may be impacted by disruptions to the Registrants' fuel supply or the electric grid that are beyond the Registrants' control.
OG&E's electric assets are subject to various operational risks, including outages and accidents.
Changes in technology, regulatory policies and customer electricity consumption may cause the Registrants' assets to be less competitive.
The Registrants may be impacted by severe weather conditions, as well as seasonal temperature variations.
Financial Risks
The Registrants may be impacted by changes related to their Pension Plan and health care plans, including market performance, increased retirements, change in regulations and increasing costs.
OGE Energy is a holding company with its primary assets being investments in other companies.
Risks Associated with OGE Energy's Investment in Enable
OGE Energy does not control Enable and therefore cannot cause or prevent certain actions by Enable.
OGE Energy's operating cash flow is derived partially from cash distributions received from Enable.
Enable's contracts are subject to renewal risks.
Enable's businesses are dependent, in part, on the drilling and production decisions of others, which are impacted by demand and commodity prices.
Enable's industry is highly competitive.


2


Natural gas, NGLs and crude prices are volatile.
A pandemic, epidemic or outbreak of an infectious disease may materially adversely affect Enable's business.
Enable has contracts that provide services under fixed prices, which could result in costs exceeding revenues.
If third-party facilities that interconnect with Enable's facilities are unavailable, Enable may be impacted.
Enable does not own all of the land on which its facilities are located, which could disrupt its operations.
An impairment of long-lived assets could reduce Enable's earnings.
Enable's business involves hazards and operational risks, some of which may not be fully covered by insurance.
The use of derivative contracts could result in financial losses.
Failure to attract and retain an appropriately qualified workforce could adversely impact Enable.
Cybersecurity attacks or other disruptions to Enable's systems and networks could have adverse impacts.
Terrorist attacks or other physical threats could adversely affect Enable's business.
If Enable fails to maintain effective internal controls, reported financial results could be affected.
Enable is dependent on a small number of customers for a significant portion of its revenues.
Enable is exposed to the credit risk of its customers.
Enable's debt levels may limit its flexibility in obtaining additional financing or pursuing business opportunities.
Enable's credit facilities contain restrictions that may be affected by events beyond its control.
Any reductions in Enable's credit ratings could increase financing costs.
Enable may not be able to recover the costs of substantial planned investment in capital improvements.
Enable's ability to grow is dependent in part on its access to external financing sources on acceptable terms.
Enable's merger and acquisition activities may not be successful.
Enable may be unable to obtain or renew permits necessary for its operations.
Enable's operations may be impacted by certain indigenous rights protections.
Costs of compliance with environmental laws and regulations are significant.
Increased regulation of hydraulic fracturing could result in reductions or delays in natural gas production by Enable's customers.
Enable and its customers' operations are subject to risks related to the threat of climate change.
Enable's operations are subject to extensive federal regulations.
Enable's operations are subject to state and local regulations.
A change in jurisdictional characterization of Enable's assets by regulators could result in increased regulation.
Enable may incur significant costs related to compliance with pipeline safety laws and regulations.
The Dodd-Frank Act regulations could affect Enable's ability to hedge risks associated with its business.
Enable derives a substantial portion of its gross margin from subsidiaries.
Enable conducts a portion of its operations through joint ventures, which subjects them to additional risks.
Under certain circumstances, Enbridge Inc. could have the right to purchase an ownership interest in SESH.
The amount of cash Enable has available for distribution depends on cash flow rather than profitability.
Affiliates of Enable's general partner may compete with Enable.
Enable may issue additional units without unitholder approval, which could dilute existing ownership.
Affiliates of Enable's general partner may sell common units, which could impact the trading price of units.
Enable's Series A Preferred Units have rights and privileges that are preferential to those of common units.
Enable's Series A Preferred Units contain covenants that may limit business flexibility.
Enable's Series A Preferred units are required to be redeemed in certain circumstances.
Enable's unitholders cannot be certain of the precise value of any Energy Transfer merger consideration they may receive.
The Energy Transfer merger may not be completed and the merger agreement may be terminated.
The Energy Transfer merger agreement limits Enable's ability to pursue alternatives to the merger.
Failure to complete the Energy Transfer merger could negatively impact Enable's future financial results.
Enable will be subject to business uncertainties while the merger is pending.


3


The common units representing limited partner interests in Energy Transfer will have different rights than Enable's common units.
Completion of the Energy Transfer merger may trigger change in control or other provisions in certain Enable agreements.
Enable will incur significant transaction and merger-related costs in connection with the Energy Transfer merger.
Enable may be a target of securities class action and derivative lawsuits as a result of the Energy Transfer merger.
General Risks
Events that are beyond the Registrants' control have increased public and regulatory scrutiny of their industry.
Economic conditions could negatively impact the Registrants' business.
The Registrants are subject to financial risks associated with climate change.
The Registrants are subject to cybersecurity risks and increased reliance on processes automated by technology.
Terrorist attacks, and the threat of terrorist attacks, have increased costs to the Registrants' business.
The Registrants face risks related to health epidemics and other outbreaks.
The Registrants face risks related to the availability of trained and qualified labor to meet their staffing requirements.
Certain provisions in the Registrants' charter documents have anti-takeover effects.
The Registrants may be able to incur substantially more indebtedness, which can increase the associated risks.
Changes to the Registrants' credit ratings or benchmark interest rates could impact their financing costs.
The Registrants' debt levels may limit their flexibility in obtaining additional financing or pursuing business opportunities.
The Registrants are exposed to the credit risk of their key customers and counterparties.



4



PART I

Item 1. Business.
 
Introduction
 
OGE Energy, incorporated in August 1995 in the State of Oklahoma, is a holding company with investments in energy and energy services providers offering physical delivery and related services for both electricity and natural gas primarily in the south central U.S. OGE Energy conducts these activities through two business segments: (i) electric utility and (ii) natural gas midstream operations.  
  
OG&E. OGE Energy's electric utility operations are conducted through OG&E, which generates, transmits, distributes and sells electric energy in Oklahoma and western Arkansas. OG&E's rates are subject to regulation by the OCC, the APSC and the FERC. OG&E was incorporated in 1902 under the laws of the Oklahoma Territory and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of OGE Energy. OG&E is the largest electric utility in Oklahoma, and its franchised service territory includes Fort Smith, Arkansas and the surrounding communities. OG&E sold its retail natural gas business in 1928 and is no longer engaged in the natural gas distribution business.

Enable. OGE Energy's natural gas midstream operations segment represents OGE Energy's investment in Enable. The investment in Enable is held through wholly-owned subsidiaries and ultimately OGE Holdings. Enable is primarily engaged in the business of gathering, processing, transporting and storing natural gas. Enable's natural gas gathering and processing assets are strategically located in four states and serve natural gas production in the Anadarko, Arkoma and Ark-La-Tex Basins. Enable also owns crude oil gathering assets in the Anadarko and Williston Basins. Enable has intrastate natural gas transportation and storage assets that are located in Oklahoma as well as interstate assets that extend from western Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle to Louisiana, from Louisiana to Illinois and from Louisiana to Alabama. At December 31, 2020, OGE Energy owned 111.0 million common units, or 25.5 percent, of Enable's outstanding common units.

On February 16, 2021, Enable entered into a definitive merger agreement with Energy Transfer, pursuant to which, and subject to the conditions of the merger agreement, all outstanding common units of Enable will be acquired by Energy Transfer in an all-equity transaction. Under the terms of the merger agreement, Enable's common unitholders, including OGE Energy, will receive 0.8595 of one common unit representing limited partner interests in Energy Transfer for each common unit of Enable. The transaction is anticipated to close in 2021. The transaction is subject to the receipt of the required approvals from the holders of a majority of Enable's common units, anti-trust approvals and other customary closing conditions. Assuming the transaction closes, OGE Energy will own approximately three percent of Energy Transfer's outstanding limited partner units in lieu of the 25.5 percent interest in Enable that it currently owns. Energy Transfer owns and operates one of the largest and most diversified portfolios of energy assets in the U.S., with a strategic footprint in all of the major domestic production basins. Energy Transfer is a publicly traded limited partnership with core operations that include complementary natural gas midstream, intrastate and interstate transportation and storage assets; crude oil, NGL and refined product transportation and terminalling assets; NGL fractionation; and various acquisition and marketing assets.

See "Enable's Pending Merger with Energy Transfer" within "Item 1A. Risk Factors" for a discussion of risks related to the Enable and Energy Transfer merger.

The Registrants' principal executive offices are located at 321 North Harvey, P.O. Box 321, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 73101-0321 (telephone 405-553-3000). OGE Energy's website address is www.ogeenergy.com. Through OGE Energy's website under the heading "Investors," "SEC Filings," OGE Energy makes available, free of charge, the Registrants' annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. OGE Energy's website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Form 10-K and should not be considered a part of this Form 10-K. Reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission are also made available on its website at www.sec.gov.



5


Strategy
 
OGE Energy's purpose is to energize life, providing life-sustaining and life-enhancing products and services, while honoring its commitment to strengthen communities. Its business model is centered around growth and sustainability for employees (internally referred to as "members"), communities and customers and the owners of OGE Energy, its shareholders.

OGE Energy is focused on:

continuing to deliver top-quartile safety results, while enabling members to deliver improved value to their communities, customers and shareholders;
transforming the customer experience with the right balance of personalized interaction and technology that allows our customers to self-serve;
providing safe, reliable energy to the communities and customers it serves, with a particular focus on enhancing the value of the grid by improving reliability and resiliency;
leading economic development and job growth by attracting new and diverse businesses to improve the infrastructure of the communities in Oklahoma and Arkansas;
ensuring the necessary mix of generation resources to meet the long-term capacity needs of our customers, with a progressively cleaner generation portfolio;
continuing focus on innovation, intellectual curiosity and executing with excellence in order to maintain customer rates that are some of the most affordable in the country;
delivering on earnings commitments to shareholders to enhance access to lower-cost debt and equity capital that is needed to deploy infrastructure for the long-term economic health of its communities;
having strong regulatory and legislative relationships, built on integrity, for the long-term benefit of our customers, communities, shareholders and members; and
developing and growing our members to be able to provide a greater contribution to the company's success, while also improving their own lives.

OGE Energy is focused on creating long-term shareholder value by targeting the consistent growth of earnings per share of five percent at the electric utility, underscored by a strategy of investing in lower risk infrastructure projects that improve the economic vitality of the communities it serves in Oklahoma and Arkansas. OGE Energy utilizes cash distributions from its natural gas midstream operations segment to help fund its electric utility capital investments. OGE Energy's financial objectives also include maintaining investment grade credit ratings and providing a strong and reliable dividend for shareholders.

OGE Energy's long-term sustainability is predicated on providing exceptional customer experiences, investing in grid improvements and increasingly cleaner generation resources, environmental stewardship, strong governance practices and caring for and supporting its members and communities.
Electric Operations - OG&E

General

OG&E furnishes retail electric service in 267 communities and their contiguous rural and suburban areas. The service area covers 30,000 square miles in Oklahoma and western Arkansas, including Oklahoma City, the largest city in Oklahoma, and Fort Smith, Arkansas, the second largest city in that state. Of the 267 communities that OG&E serves, 241 are located in Oklahoma, and 26 are in Arkansas. OG&E derived 92 percent of its total electric operating revenues in 2020 from sales in Oklahoma and the remainder from sales in Arkansas. OG&E does not currently serve wholesale customers in either state.

OG&E's system control area peak demand in 2020 was 6,437 MWs on August 28, 2020. OG&E's load responsibility peak demand was 5,711 MWs on August 28, 2020. The following table presents system sales and variations in system sales for 2020, 2019 and 2018.
Year Ended December 31 20202020 vs. 201920192019 vs. 20182018
System sales (Millions of MWh)
27.0(4.9)%28.41.1%28.1

OG&E is subject to competition in various degrees from government-owned electric systems, municipally-owned electric systems, rural electric cooperatives and, in certain respects, from other private utilities, power marketers and cogenerators. Oklahoma law forbids the granting of an exclusive franchise to a utility for providing electricity.


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Besides competition from other suppliers or marketers of electricity, OG&E competes with suppliers of other forms of energy. The degree of competition between suppliers may vary depending on relative costs and supplies of other forms of energy. It is possible that changes in regulatory policies or advances in technologies such as fuel cells, microturbines, windmills and photovoltaic solar cells will reduce costs of new technology to levels that are equal to or below that of most central station electricity production. OG&E's ability to maintain relatively low cost, efficient and reliable operations is a significant determinant of its competitiveness.

OKLAHOMA GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY
CERTAIN OPERATING STATISTICS
Year Ended December 31202020192018
ELECTRIC ENERGY (Millions of MWh)
Generation (exclusive of station use)17.5 17.0 18.2 
Purchased12.9 14.0 12.6 
Total generated and purchased30.4 31.0 30.8 
OG&E use, free service and losses(1.4)(1.4)(1.3)
Electric energy sold29.0 29.6 29.5 
ELECTRIC ENERGY SOLD (Millions of MWh)
Residential9.5 9.7 9.7 
Commercial6.3 6.5 6.6 
Industrial4.2 4.5 4.5 
Oilfield4.2 4.6 4.2 
Public authorities and street light2.8 3.1 3.1 
System sales27.0 28.4 28.1 
Integrated market2.0 1.2 1.4 
Total sales29.0 29.6 29.5 
ELECTRIC OPERATING REVENUES (In millions)
Residential$869.0 $891.1 $901.0 
Commercial479.4 503.1 519.9 
Industrial197.3 223.0 234.5 
Oilfield172.3 204.0 193.5 
Public authorities and street light176.8 195.7 204.0 
Sales for resale0.1 0.1 0.2 
System sales revenues1,894.9 2,017.0 2,053.1 
Provision for rate refund3.8 (0.9)(6.0)
Integrated market49.6 38.4 48.7 
Transmission143.3 148.0 147.4 
Other30.7 29.1 27.1 
Total operating revenues$2,122.3 $2,231.6 $2,270.3 
ACTUAL NUMBER OF ELECTRIC CUSTOMERS (At end of period)
Residential740,174 731,797 725,440 
Commercial100,200 98,565 96,660 
Industrial2,710 2,965 3,072 
Oilfield6,822 7,071 7,110 
Public authorities and street light17,483 17,356 17,090 
Total customers867,389 857,754 849,372 
AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMER SALES
Average annual revenue$1,180.82 $1,223.05 $1,247.22 
Average annual use (kilowatt-hour)
12,848 13,344 13,466 
Average price per kilowatt-hour (cents)
9.19 9.17 9.26 



7


Regulation and Rates

OG&E's retail electric tariffs are regulated by the OCC in Oklahoma and by the APSC in Arkansas. The issuance of certain securities by OG&E is also regulated by the OCC and the APSC. OG&E's transmission activities, short-term borrowing authorization and accounting practices are subject to the jurisdiction of the FERC. The Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy has jurisdiction over some of OG&E's facilities and operations. In 2020, 86 percent of OG&E's electric revenue was subject to the jurisdiction of the OCC, eight percent to the APSC and six percent to the FERC.

The OCC and the APSC require that, among other things, (i) OGE Energy permits the OCC and the APSC access to the books and records of OGE Energy and its affiliates relating to transactions with OG&E; (ii) OGE Energy employ accounting and other procedures and controls to protect against subsidization of non-utility activities by OG&E's customers; and (iii) OGE Energy refrain from pledging OG&E assets or income for affiliate transactions. In addition, the FERC has access to the books and records of OGE Energy and its affiliates as the FERC deems relevant to costs incurred by OG&E or necessary or appropriate for the protection of utility customers with respect to the FERC jurisdictional rates.

For information concerning OG&E's recently completed and currently pending regulatory proceedings, see Note 16 within "Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."

Regulatory Assets and Liabilities
OG&E, as a regulated utility, is subject to accounting principles for certain types of rate-regulated activities, which provide that certain incurred costs that would otherwise be charged to expense can be deferred as regulatory assets, based on the expected recovery from customers in future rates. Likewise, certain actual or anticipated credits that would otherwise reduce expense can be deferred as regulatory liabilities, based on the expected flowback to customers in future rates. Management's expected recovery of deferred costs and flowback of deferred credits generally results from specific decisions by regulators granting such ratemaking treatment.

OG&E records certain incurred costs and obligations as regulatory assets or liabilities if, based on regulatory orders or other available evidence, it is probable that the costs or obligations will be included in amounts allowable for recovery or refund in future rates. Management continuously monitors the future recoverability of regulatory assets. When in management's judgment future recovery becomes impaired, the amount of the regulatory asset is adjusted, as appropriate. If OG&E were required to discontinue the application of accounting principles for certain types of rate-regulated activities for some or all of its operations, it could result in writing off the related regulatory assets or liabilities, which could have significant financial effects. See Note 1 within "Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" for further discussion of OG&E's regulatory assets and liabilities.

Rate Structures
Oklahoma
OG&E's standard tariff rates include a cost of service component (including an authorized return on capital) plus a fuel adjustment clause mechanism that allows OG&E to pass through to customers the actual cost of fuel and purchased power.
OG&E offers several alternative customer programs and rate options, as described below.
Under OG&E's Smart Grid-enabled SmartHours programs, "time-of-use" and "variable peak pricing" rates offer customers the ability to save on their electricity bills by shifting some of the electricity consumption to off-peak times when demand for electricity is lowest.
The guaranteed flat bill option for residential and small general service accounts allows qualifying customers the opportunity to purchase their electricity needs at a set monthly price for an entire year.
The Renewable Energy Credit purchase program, a rate option that provides a "renewable energy" resource, is available as a voluntary option to all of OG&E's Oklahoma retail customers. OG&E's ownership and access to wind and solar resources makes the renewable option a possible choice in meeting the renewable energy needs of OG&E's conservation-minded customers.
Load Reduction is a voluntary load curtailment program that provides OG&E's commercial and industrial customers with the opportunity to curtail usage on a voluntary basis when OG&E's system conditions merit curtailment action. Customers that curtail their usage will receive payment for their curtailment response. This voluntary curtailment program seeks customers that can curtail on most curtailment event days but may not be able to curtail every time that a curtailment event is required.


8


OG&E offers certain qualifying customers "day-ahead price" and "flex price" rate options which allow participating customers to adjust their electricity consumption based on price signals received from OG&E. The prices for the "day-ahead price" and "flex price" rate options are based on OG&E's projected next day hourly operating costs.

OG&E has Public Schools-Demand and Public Schools Non-Demand rate classes that provide OG&E with flexibility to provide targeted programs for load management to public schools and their unique usage patterns. OG&E also provides service level, seasonal and time period fuel charge differentiation that allows customers to pay fuel costs that better reflect the underlying costs of providing electric service. Lastly, OG&E has a military base rider that demonstrates Oklahoma's continued commitment to our military partners.
The previously discussed rate options, coupled with OG&E's other rate choices, provide many tariff options for OG&E's Oklahoma retail customers. The revenue impacts associated with these options are not determinable in future years because customers may choose to remain on existing rate options instead of volunteering for the alternative rate option choices. Revenue variations may occur in the future based upon changes in customers' usage characteristics if they choose alternative rate options.
Arkansas

OG&E's standard tariff rates include a cost of service component (including an authorized return on capital) plus an energy cost recovery mechanism that allows OG&E to pass through to customers the actual cost of fuel and purchased power. OG&E's current rate order from the APSC includes a formula rate rider that provides for an annual adjustment to rates if the earned rate of return falls outside of a plus or minus 50 basis point dead-band around the allowed return on equity. Adjustments are limited to plus or minus four percent of revenue for each rate class for the 12 months preceding the test period. The initial term for the formula rate rider is not to exceed five years from the date of the APSC final order in the last general rate review, May 18, 2017, unless additional approval is obtained from the APSC.

OG&E offers several alternative customer programs and rate options, as described below.

The "time-of-use" and "variable peak pricing" tariffs allow participating customers to save on their electricity bills by shifting some of the electricity consumption to off-peak times when demand for electricity is lowest.
The Renewable Energy Credit purchase program, a tariff rate option that provides a "renewable energy" resource, is available as a voluntary option to all of OG&E's Arkansas retail customers. OG&E's ownership and access to wind resources makes the renewable option a possible choice in meeting the renewable energy needs of our conservation-minded customers.
Load Reduction is a voluntary load curtailment program that provides OG&E's commercial and industrial customers with the opportunity to curtail usage on a voluntary basis and receive a billing credit when OG&E's system conditions merit curtailment action.
OG&E offers certain qualifying customers a "day-ahead price" rate option which allows participating customers to adjust their electricity consumption based on a price signal received from OG&E. The "day-ahead price" is based on OG&E's projected next day hourly operating costs.

Fuel Supply and Generation
The following table presents the OG&E-generated energy produced and the weighted average cost of fuel used, by type, for the last three years.
Fuel Mix (A)
Fuel Cost
(In cents/Kilowatt-Hour)
202020192018202020192018
Natural gas66%64%48%2.0772.1882.517
Coal26%28%45%1.8212.0292.025
Renewable8%8%7%
Total fuel100%100%100%1.8631.9702.119
(A)Fuel mix calculated as a percent of net MWhs generated.

The decreases in the weighted average cost of fuel in 2020 compared to 2019 and 2019 compared to 2018 were primarily due to lower fuel prices year over year. These fuel costs are recovered through OG&E's fuel adjustment clauses that are approved by the OCC and the APSC.


9



OG&E participates in the SPP Integrated Marketplace. As part of the Integrated Marketplace, the SPP has balancing authority responsibilities for its market participants. The SPP Integrated Marketplace functions as a centralized dispatch, where market participants, including OG&E, submit offers to sell power to the SPP from their resources and bid to purchase power from the SPP for their customers. The SPP Integrated Marketplace is intended to allow the SPP to optimize supply offers and demand bids based upon reliability and economic considerations and to determine which generating units will run at any given time for maximum cost-effectiveness within the SPP area. As a result, OG&E's generating units produce output that is different from OG&E's customer load requirements. Net fuel and purchased power costs are recovered through fuel adjustment clauses.

Of OG&E's 7,120 total MWs of generation capability reflected in the table within "Item 2. Properties," 4,795 MWs, or 67.4 percent, are from natural gas generation, 1,534 MWs, or 21.5 percent, are from coal generation, 320 MWs, or 4.5 percent, are from dual-fuel generation (coal/gas), 449 MWs, or 6.3 percent, are from wind generation and 22 MWs, or 0.3 percent, are from solar generation.
Natural Gas
As a participant in the SPP Integrated Marketplace, OG&E purchases its natural gas supply through short-term agreements. OG&E relies on a combination of natural gas base load agreements and call agreements, whereby OG&E has the right but not the obligation to purchase a defined quantity of natural gas, combined with day and intra-day purchases to meet the demands of the SPP Integrated Marketplace.
Coal
OG&E's coal-fired units are designed to burn primarily low sulfur western sub-bituminous coal. The combination of all 2020 coal purchased had a weighted average sulfur content of 0.2 percent. Based on the average sulfur content and EPA-certified data, OG&E's coal units have an approximate emission rate of 0.1 lbs. of SO2 per MMBtu.
For the first two quarters of 2021, OG&E has coal supply agreements for 100 percent of its coal requirements for the Sooner, Muskogee and River Valley facilities. OG&E plans to fill the remainder of its 2021 coal needs through additional term agreements, spot purchases and the use of existing inventory. OG&E has no coal agreements beyond June 2021. In 2020, OG&E purchased 2.518 million tons of coal from its Wyoming supplier and 0.027 million tons from its Oklahoma supplier. See "Environmental Laws and Regulations" within "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" for a discussion of environmental matters which may affect OG&E in the future, including its utilization of coal.
Wind
OG&E owns the 120 MW Centennial, 101 MW OU Spirit and 228 MW Crossroads wind farms. OG&E's current wind power portfolio also includes purchased power contracts as presented in the following table.
CompanyLocationOriginal Term of ContractExpiration of ContractMWs
CPV KeenanWoodward County, OK20 years2030152.0
Edison Mission EnergyDewey County, OK20 years2031130.0
NextEra EnergyBlackwell, OK20 years203260.0

Solar

OG&E currently owns and operates, or will operate, the solar farms presented in the following table.
NameLocationYear CompletedPhotovoltaic PanelsMWs
MustangOklahoma City, OK20159,8672.5
CovingtonCovington, OK201838,0009.7
Choctaw NationDurant, OK202015,3445.0
Chickasaw NationDavis, OK202015,3445.0
BranchBranch, ARIn progress15,4445.0



10


OG&E will continue to evaluate the need to add additional solar sites to its generation portfolio based on customer demand, cost and reliability.

Safety and Health Regulation
 
OG&E is subject to a number of federal and state laws and regulations, including OSHA, the EPA and comparable state statutes, whose purpose is to protect the safety and health of workers.

In addition, the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, the EPA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know regulations under Title III of the Federal Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act and comparable state statutes require that information be maintained concerning hazardous materials stored, used or produced in OG&E's operations and that this information be provided or made available to employees, state and local government authorities and citizens. OG&E believes that it is in material compliance with all applicable laws and regulations relating to worker safety and health.

Natural Gas Midstream Operations - Enable

Overview
 
Enable is a publicly traded Delaware limited partnership that owns, operates and develops strategically located natural gas and crude oil infrastructure assets. Enable serves current and emerging production areas in the U.S., including several unconventional shale resource plays and local and regional end-user markets in the U.S. Enable's assets and operations are organized into two reportable segments: (i) gathering and processing and (ii) transportation and storage. Enable's gathering and processing segment primarily provides natural gas gathering and processing to its producer customers and crude oil, condensate and produced water gathering services to its producer and refiner customers. Enable's transportation and storage segment provides interstate and intrastate natural gas pipeline transportation and storage services primarily to its producer, power plant, LDC and industrial end-user customers.

Gathering and Processing

Enable owns and operates substantial natural gas gathering and processing and crude oil, condensate and produced water gathering assets primarily in five states. Enable's gathering and processing operations consist primarily of natural gas gathering and processing assets serving the Anadarko, Arkoma and Ark-La-Tex Basins, crude oil and condensate gathering assets serving the Anadarko Basin and crude oil and produced water gathering assets serving the Williston Basin. Enable provides a variety of services to the active producers in its operating areas, including gathering, compressing, treating and processing natural gas, fractionating NGLs and gathering crude oil, condensate and produced water. Enable serves shale and other unconventional plays in the basins in which it operates.

Enable generates revenues from producers in the basins in which it operates. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Enable's top ten natural gas producer customers accounted for approximately 70 percent of its natural gas gathered volumes. Enable's Anadarko Basin crude oil gathering system gathers crude oil and condensate from producers, which are primarily delivered to one customer. The rates and terms of service on Enable's Anadarko Basin crude oil and condensate gathering systems are regulated by the OCC. Enable's Williston Basin crude oil and produced water gathering systems serve one customer. The rates and terms of service on Enable's Williston Basin crude oil gathering systems, but not its produced water gathering systems, are regulated by the FERC. Enable's contracts typically provide for crude oil, condensate and produced water gathering services that are fee-based, for natural gas gathering services that are fee-based and for natural gas processing arrangements that are fee-based, or percent-of-liquids, percent-of-proceeds or keep-whole based.

Competition for Enable's gathering and processing systems is primarily a function of gathering rate, processing value, system reliability, fuel rate, system run time, construction cycle time and prices at the wellhead. Enable's gathering and processing systems compete with gatherers and processors of all types and sizes, including those affiliated with various producers, other major pipeline companies and various independent midstream entities. In the process of selling NGLs, Enable competes against other natural gas processors extracting and selling NGLs. Enable's primary competitors are other midstream companies who are active in the regions where Enable operates.

While the results of Enable's gathering and processing segment are not materially affected by seasonality, from time to time, its operations and construction of assets can be impacted by inclement weather.




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Transportation and Storage

Enable owns and operates interstate and intrastate natural gas transportation and storage systems primarily across nine states. Enable's transportation and storage systems consist primarily of its interstate systems, EGT and MRT, its intrastate system, EOIT, and its investment in SESH. Enable's transportation and storage assets transport natural gas from areas of production and interconnected pipelines to power plants, LDCs and industrial end users as well as interconnected pipelines for delivery to additional markets. Enable's transportation and storage assets also provide facilities where natural gas can be stored by customers.

Enable's interstate and intrastate natural gas transportation and storage systems generate revenue primarily by serving large natural gas and electric utilities, as well as natural gas producers, industrial end-users and natural gas marketers. For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 28 percent of EGT's service revenue was attributable to contracts with one customer, CenterPoint. As of December 31, 2020, EGT's transportation contracts representing three percent, eight percent and 89 percent of CenterPoint's firm transportation capacity are scheduled to expire in 2021, 2024 and 2030, respectively. EGT's firm storage contracts representing 33 percent and 67 percent of CenterPoint's firm storage capacity are scheduled to expire in 2021 and 2030, respectively.
For the year ended December 31, 2020, approximately 63 percent of MRT's service revenue was attributable to contracts with one customer, Spire Inc. MRT's firm transportation contracts representing 63 percent, 24 percent and 12 percent of Spire Inc.'s firm transportation capacity are scheduled to expire in 2024, 2025 and 2026, respectively. All of Spire Inc.'s firm storage contracts are scheduled to expire in 2024.

Enable's EGT, MRT and SESH transportation and storage services are typically provided under firm, fee-based transportation and storage agreements, with rates and terms of service regulated by the FERC. EOIT provides fee-based firm and interruptible transportation and storage services on both an intrastate and interstate basis.

Enable's interstate and intrastate pipelines compete with a variety of other interstate and intrastate pipelines in providing transportation and storage services within its operating areas. Enable's management views the principal elements of competition for their natural gas transportation and storage systems primarily as a function of rates, terms of services, flexibility and reliability.

Customer demand for natural gas transportation and storage services on EGT and MRT is usually higher during the winter, primarily due to LDC demand to serve residential and commercial natural gas requirements. Customer demand for natural gas transportation and storage services on EOIT and SESH is usually higher during the summer, primarily due to electric utility demand for natural gas.

Environmental Matters
 
General
 
The activities of the Registrants are subject to numerous stringent and complex federal, state and local laws and regulations governing environmental protection. These laws and regulations can change, restrict or otherwise impact the Registrants' business activities in many ways, including the handling or disposal of waste material, planning for future construction activities to avoid or mitigate harm to threatened or endangered species and requiring the installation and operation of emissions or pollution control equipment. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the imposition of remedial requirements and the issuance of orders enjoining future operations. Management believes that all of the Registrants' operations are in substantial compliance with current federal, state and local environmental standards.
In the past, environmental regulation caused the Registrants to incur significant costs because the trend was to place more and more restrictions and limitations on the Registrants' activities. Under the Trump administration, the trend in environmental regulation was to delay, reverse or repeal some of these restrictions and generally not to adopt new, more stringent regulations. The Biden administration has announced that it plans to reverse many of the Trump administration's environmental policies, including issuance of an executive order that instructs the EPA and other executive agencies to review certain rules that affect the Registrants. The Registrants are monitoring these actions in an effort to understand the likely stringency of future rules. In the meantime, the Registrants continue to have obligations to take or complete action under current environmental rules.



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Management continues to evaluate the Registrants' compliance with existing and proposed environmental legislation and regulations and implement appropriate environmental programs in a competitive market but at the current time, based on existing rules, does not expect capital expenditures for environmental control facilities to be material for 2021 or 2022. For further discussion of environmental matters and capital expenditures related to environmental factors that may affect the Registrants, see "2020 Capital Requirements, Sources of Financing and Financing Activities," "Future Capital Requirements" and "Environmental Laws and Regulations" within "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."

Human Capital Management

Our company fulfills a critical role in the nation's electric utility and, through our equity investment in Enable, natural gas midstream pipeline infrastructure. In order to do so, we believe we need to attract, retain and develop a high quality, diverse workforce and create a safe, inclusive and productive work environment for everyone. We believe that our company's core values and beliefs, including those of respect, diversity and inclusion, and safety, serve as a foundation for our relationships with our employees, who we refer to internally as "members" of the Registrants. These core values and beliefs are reinforced to all employees at the time of hire, annually through a review of our Code of Ethics and periodically through small and large group meetings. At December 31, 2020, OGE Energy had 2,360 employees, of which 1,872 are OG&E employees.

To help us attract and retain the most qualified individuals for our businesses, we provide a combination of strong compensation and health and welfare benefit offerings, growth and development opportunities and various retirement plan options. Our employees are also offered paid volunteer leave every year, which is intended to further enrich both their lives and the lives in the communities we serve. Many of the positions in our companies are highly specialized, so having appropriate training and succession planning is critical to business continuity and competitiveness. We provide leadership and career development opportunities, including internal and external training as well as tuition reimbursement, to invest in the next generation of leaders for our company. We target an average of 30-35 hours of training per employee annually, which aligns with the benchmark published annually by the American Society of Training and Development. This comprehensive investment in our employees contributes to an average tenure of 15 years and a voluntary turnover rate of 5.7 percent for 2020, which is 0.5 percent lower than the average voluntary turnover rate compared to our industry benchmark (the PwC Saratoga Benchmarking Service).

Employee safety is paramount in the work we perform. One of our company core beliefs is to "Live Safely," which to us means that we protect ourselves and others from injury by constant engagement, "always living safely." Our goal is to have zero safety incidents every year, and we educate all of our employees on our incident and injury free workplace vision. We report and analyze all near misses and incidents to understand the causal factors and associated corrective actions necessary to reduce the likelihood of reoccurrence. We share what we have learned company-wide to provide real-time learning opportunities for all employees. We track our safety performance and benchmark ourselves to our peer group, the Southeast Electric Exchange. For 2020, our Southeast Electric Exchange incident rate was 0.47, which represented a 40 percent improvement from our 2019 performance. The incident rate is calculated by counting the actual number of injuries and illnesses per 100 employees' standard base labor hours divided by the actual number of hours employees worked. In comparison to our peer group, our five year average safety performance placed us in the top quartile. We continue to analyze trends and engage in discussions with our employees, creating a dialogue to enhance safety performance and work towards our incident and injury-free workplace. Further discussion of the steps we are taking to help ensure employee safety during the COVID-19 pandemic can be found in "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis – Recent Developments – COVID-19."

We also strive to reinforce the belief that our employees are one of our greatest assets by creating a culture of respect throughout the company. We do this by, among other things, encouraging employees to treat others justly and considering their views in the decisions we make. We believe diversity and inclusion means embracing the uniqueness of each individual to make us a stronger and more resourceful organization while serving and supporting the diverse communities where we live and work. We are focused on creating a more diverse and inclusive workforce, particularly related to minority hiring. We have formed relationships with diverse high schools in our service territory to introduce their students to potential jobs in the energy industry and career paths to OGE Energy and have worked with technical schools to recruit diverse students to their programs, which can lead to potential employment for our operational positions. We have also formed relationships with universities to provide scholarships to students with diverse backgrounds. Additionally, we have focused on hiring individuals transitioning out of the military. We are also focused on the inclusion of women in leadership positions. For example, female representation among our officers and management-level directors is currently at 27 percent, which is up eight percent compared to five years ago. As some of our more tenured employees retire (we average approximately 85 to 90 retirements, or four percent of our workforce, per year), opportunities are created to promote or attract and hire additional individuals with diverse backgrounds.


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Another initiative intended to promote inclusion and member development is the establishment of Employee Resource Groups at the company, and our newly appointed Director of Ethics, Equity, and Inclusion is leading this effort.

Information About the Registrants' Executive Officers

The following table presents the names, titles and business experience for the most recent five years for those persons serving as Executive Officers of the Registrants as of February 24, 2021:
NameAgeCurrent Title and Business Experience
Sean Trauschke532016 - Present:Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of OGE Energy Corp.
W. Bryan Buckler482021:Chief Financial Officer of OGE Energy Corp.
2019 - 2020:Vice President of Investor Relations - Duke Energy Corporation
2016 - 2019:Director of Financial Planning and Analysis - Duke Energy Corporation
Sarah R. Stafford392018 - Present:Controller and Chief Accounting Officer of OGE Energy Corp.
2016 - 2018:Accounting Research Officer of OGE Energy Corp.
2016:Senior Manager - Ernst & Young, LLP
Scott A. Briggs492020 - Present:Vice President - Human Resources of OG&E
2019 - 2020:Managing Director Human Resources of OG&E
2016 - 2018:Chief Operating Officer of The Oklahoma Publishing Co., d/b/a The Oklahoma Media Company
Robert J. Burch582020 - Present:Vice President - Utility Technical Services of OG&E
2018 - 2020:Managing Director Utility Technical Services of OG&E
2016 - 2018:Director Power Supply Services of OG&E
Andrea M. Dennis442019 - Present:Vice President - Transmission and Distribution Operations of OG&E
2019:Managing Director Transmission and Distribution Operations of OG&E
2016 - 2019:Director System Operations of OG&E
Patricia D. Horn622016 - Present:Vice President - Governance and Corporate Secretary of OGE Energy Corp.
Donnie O. Jones542019 - Present:Vice President - Utility Operations of OG&E
2016 - 2019:Vice President - Power Supply Operations of OG&E
Cristina F. McQuistion562020 - Present:Vice President - Corporate Responsibility and Stewardship of OGE Energy Corp.
2017 - 2020:Vice President - Chief Information Officer of OG&E
2016 - 2017:Vice President - Chief Information Officer and Utility Strategy of OG&E
Kenneth A. Miller542019 - Present:Vice President - Regulatory and Legislative Affairs of OG&E
2016 - 2018:State Treasurer of Oklahoma
David A. Parker442020 - Present:Vice President - Technology, Data and Security of OG&E
2019 - 2020:Director Enterprise Security & Risk of OGE Energy Corp.
2016 - 2019:Director of Internal Audit of OGE Energy Corp.
Matthew J. Schuermann412020 - Present:Vice President - Power Supply Operations of OG&E
2019 - 2020:Managing Director Power Plant Operations of OG&E
2016 - 2019:Special Projects Director of OG&E
William H. Sultemeier532017 - Present:General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer of OGE Energy Corp.
2016:Partner - Jones Day
Charles B. Walworth462016 - Present:Treasurer of OGE Energy Corp.

No family relationship exists between any of the Executive Officers of the Registrants. Messrs. Trauschke, Buckler, Sultemeier, Walworth and Mses. Horn, McQuistion and Stafford are also officers of OG&E. Each Executive Officer is to hold office until the Board of Directors meeting following the next Annual Meeting of Shareholders, currently scheduled for May 20, 2021.



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Mr. Trauschke is a member of the Board of Directors of Enable GP, LLC, the general partner of Enable. In October 2020, Ms. Stafford and Mr. Walworth were appointed as alternate directors of the Board of Enable GP, LLC.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

In the discussion of risk factors set forth below, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms "we," "our" and "us" refer to the Registrants. In addition to the other information in this Form 10-K and other documents filed by us and/or our subsidiaries with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, the following factors should be carefully considered in evaluating OGE Energy and its subsidiaries. Such factors could affect actual results and cause results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of us or our subsidiaries. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently view as immaterial may also impair our business operations.

The Registrants are subject to a variety of risks which can be classified as regulatory, operational, financial and general. Risk factors of OG&E are also risk factors of OGE Energy. OGE Energy also is subject to risks associated with its investment in Enable.

REGULATORY RISKS

The Registrants' profitability depends to a large extent on the ability of OG&E to fully recover its costs, including its cost of capital, from its customers in a timely manner, and there may be changes in the regulatory environment that impair its ability to recover costs from its customers.
 
OG&E is subject to comprehensive regulation by several federal and state utility regulatory agencies, which significantly influences its operating environment and its ability to fully recover its costs, including its cost of capital, from utility customers. Recoverability of any under recovered amounts from OG&E's customers due to a rise in fuel costs is a significant risk, such as experienced in February 2021 due to the unprecedented, prolonged, cold spell that resulted in winter record winter peak demand for electricity in OG&E's service territory and extreme natural gas and purchased power prices. The utility commissions in the states where OG&E operates regulate many aspects of its utility operations including siting and construction of facilities, customer service and the rates that OG&E can charge customers. The profitability of the utility operations is dependent on OG&E's ability to fully recover costs related to providing energy and utility services to its customers in a timely manner. Any failure to obtain utility commission approval to increase rates to fully recover costs, or a delay in the receipt of such approval, could have an adverse impact on OG&E's results of operations. In addition, OG&E's jurisdictions have fuel adjustment clauses that permit OG&E to recover fuel costs through rates without a general rate review, subject to a later determination that such fuel costs were prudently incurred. If the state regulatory commissions determine that the fuel costs were not prudently incurred, recovery could be disallowed. See Note 16 within "Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" for further discussion of the significant fuel and purchased power costs incurred during the February 2021 weather event and the related regulatory filing with the OCC.
 
In recent years, the regulatory environments in which OG&E operates have received an increased amount of attention. It is possible that there could be changes in the regulatory environment that would impair OG&E's ability to fully recover costs historically paid by OG&E's customers. State utility commissions generally possess broad powers to ensure that the needs of the utility customers are being met. OG&E cannot assure that the OCC, APSC and the FERC will grant rate increases in the future or in the amounts requested, and they could instead lower OG&E's rates.
 
The Registrants are unable to predict the impact on their operating results from future regulatory activities of any of the agencies that regulate OG&E. Changes in regulations or the imposition of additional regulations could have an adverse impact on the Registrants' results of operations.

OG&E's rates are subject to rate regulation by the states of Oklahoma and Arkansas, as well as by a federal agency, whose regulatory paradigms and goals may not be consistent.
 
OG&E is a vertically integrated electric utility. Most of its revenue results from the sale of electricity to retail customers subject to bundled rates that are approved by the applicable state utility commission.

OG&E operates in Oklahoma and western Arkansas and is subject to rate regulation by the OCC and the APSC, in addition to FERC regulation of its transmission activities and any wholesale sales. Exposure to inconsistent state and federal regulatory standards may limit our ability to operate profitably. Further alteration of the regulatory landscape in which we operate, including a change in our authorized return on equity, may harm our financial position and results of operations.


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Costs of compliance with environmental laws and regulations are significant, and the cost of compliance with future environmental laws and regulations may adversely affect our results of operations, financial position or liquidity.
 
We are subject to extensive federal, state and local environmental statutes, rules and regulations relating to air quality, water quality, waste management, wildlife conservation, natural resources and health and safety that could, among other things, restrict or limit the output of certain facilities or the use of certain fuels required for the production of electricity and/or require additional pollution control equipment and otherwise increase costs. There are significant capital, operating and other costs associated with compliance with these environmental statutes, rules and regulations and those costs may be even more significant in the future. 
 
In response to recent regulatory and judicial decisions and international accords, emissions of greenhouse gases including, most significantly, CO2, could be restricted in the future as a result of federal or state legal requirements or litigation relating to greenhouse gas emissions. No rules are currently in effect that require us to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, but if such rules were to become effective, they could result in significant additional compliance costs that would affect our future financial position, results of operations and cash flows if such costs are not recovered through regulated rates.

There is inherent risk of the incurrence of environmental costs and liabilities in our operations and historical industry practices. These activities are subject to stringent and complex federal, state and local laws and regulations that can restrict or impact OG&E's business activities in many ways, such as restricting the way OG&E can handle or dispose of its wastes or requiring remedial action to mitigate pollution conditions that may be caused by its operations or that are attributable to former operators. OG&E may be unable to recover these costs from insurance or other regulatory mechanisms. We expect that the Biden administration will enact stricter laws, regulations and enforcement policies that could significantly increase compliance costs and the cost of any remediation that may become necessary. If regulations are enacted regarding any of our generating units, it could potentially result in stranded assets.

For further discussion of environmental matters that may affect the Registrants, see "Environmental Laws and Regulations" within "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."

We may not be able to recover the costs of our substantial investments in capital improvements and additions.
 
Our business plan calls for extensive investments in capital improvements and additions in OG&E, including modernizing existing infrastructure as well as other initiatives. Significant portions of OG&E's facilities were constructed many years ago. Older generation equipment, even if maintained in accordance with good engineering practices, may require significant capital expenditures to maintain efficiency, to comply with environmental requirements or to provide reliable operations. OG&E currently provides service at rates approved by one or more regulatory commissions. If these regulatory commissions do not approve adjustments to the rates OG&E charges, it would not be able to recover the costs associated with its planned extensive investment. This could adversely affect the Registrants' financial position and results of operations. While OG&E may seek to limit the impact of any denied recovery by attempting to reduce the scope of its capital investment, there can be no assurance as to the effectiveness of any such mitigation efforts, particularly with respect to previously incurred costs and commitments.
 
The regional power market in which OG&E operates has changing transmission regulatory structures, which may affect the transmission assets and related revenues and expenses.

OG&E currently owns and operates transmission and generation facilities as part of a vertically integrated utility. OG&E is a member of the SPP regional transmission organization and has transferred operational authority (but not ownership) of OG&E's transmission facilities to the SPP. The SPP has implemented regional day ahead and real-time markets for energy and operating reserves, as well as associated transmission congestion rights. Collectively, the three markets operate together under the global name, SPP Integrated Marketplace. OG&E represents owned and contracted generation assets and customer load in the SPP Integrated Marketplace for the sole benefit of its customers. OG&E has not participated in the SPP Integrated Marketplace for any speculative trading activities. We record the SPP Integrated Marketplace transactions as sales or purchases with results reported as Revenues from Contracts with Customers or Cost of Sales in its financial statements. Our revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities may be adversely affected by changes in the organization, operation and regulation of the SPP Integrated Marketplace by the FERC or the SPP.



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Increased competition resulting from efforts to restructure utility and energy markets could have a significant financial impact on us and consequently impact our revenue.
 
We have been and will continue to be affected by competitive changes to the utility and energy industries. Significant changes have occurred and additional changes have been proposed to the wholesale electric market. Although retail restructuring efforts in Oklahoma and Arkansas have been postponed for the time being, if such efforts were renewed, retail competition and the unbundling of regulated energy service could have a significant financial impact on us due to possible impairments of assets, a loss of retail customers, impact profit margins and/or increased costs of capital. Any such restructuring could have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. We cannot predict when we will be subject to changes in legislation or regulation, nor can we predict the impact of these changes on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
We are subject to substantial utility and energy regulation by governmental agencies. Compliance with current and future utility and energy regulatory requirements and procurement of necessary approvals, permits and certifications may result in significant costs to us.
 
We are subject to substantial regulation from federal, state and local regulatory agencies. We are required to comply with numerous laws and regulations and to obtain permits, approvals and certifications from the governmental agencies that regulate various aspects of our businesses, including customer rates, service regulations, retail service territories, sales of securities, asset acquisitions and sales, accounting policies and practices and the operation of generating facilities. We believe the necessary permits, approvals and certificates have been obtained for our existing operations and that our business is conducted in accordance with applicable laws; however, we are unable to predict the impact on our operating results from future regulatory activities of these agencies.
 
The NERC is responsible for the development and enforcement of mandatory reliability and cyber security standards for the wholesale electric power system. OG&E's plan is to comply with all applicable standards and to expediently correct a violation should it occur. As one of OG&E's regulators, the NERC has comprehensive regulations and standards related to the reliability and security of our operating systems and is continuously developing additional mandatory compliance requirements for the utility industry. The increasing development of NERC rules and standards will increase compliance costs and our exposure for potential violations of these standards.

OPERATIONAL RISKS 

Our results of operations may be impacted by disruptions to fuel supply or the electric grid that are beyond our control.
 
We are exposed to risks related to performance of contractual obligations by our suppliers. We are dependent on coal and natural gas for much of our electric generating capacity. We rely on suppliers to deliver coal and natural gas in accordance with short- and long-term contracts. We have certain supply contracts in place; however, there can be no assurance that the counterparties to these agreements will fulfill their obligations to supply coal and natural gas to us. The suppliers under these agreements may experience financial or technical problems that inhibit their ability to fulfill their obligations to us. In addition, the suppliers under these agreements may not be required to supply coal and natural gas to us under certain circumstances, such as in the event of a natural disaster. Deliveries may be subject to short-term interruptions or reductions due to various factors, including transportation problems, weather and availability of equipment. Failure or delay by our suppliers of coal and natural gas deliveries could disrupt our ability to deliver electricity and require us to incur additional expenses to meet the needs of our customers.
 
Also, because our generation and transmission systems are part of an interconnected regional grid, we face the risk of possible loss of business due to a disruption or black-out caused by an event such as a severe storm, generator or transmission facility outage on a neighboring system or the actions of a neighboring utility. Any such disruption could result in a significant decrease in revenues and significant additional costs to repair assets, which could have a material adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
 
OG&E's electric generation, transmission and distribution assets are subject to operational risks that could result in unscheduled plant outages, unanticipated operation and maintenance expenses, increased purchase power costs, accidents and third-party liability.  

OG&E owns and operates coal-fired, natural gas-fired, wind-powered and solar-powered generating assets. Operation of electric generation, transmission and distribution assets involves risks that can adversely affect energy output and efficiency


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levels or that could result in loss of human life, significant damage to property, environmental pollution and impairment of OG&E's operations. Included among these risks are:

increased prices for fuel and fuel transportation as existing contracts expire;
facility shutdowns due to a breakdown or failure of equipment or processes or interruptions in fuel supply;
operator error or safety related stoppages;
disruptions in the delivery of electricity; and
catastrophic events such as fires, explosions, tornadoes, floods, earthquakes or other similar occurrences.

The occurrence of any of these events, if not fully covered by insurance, could have a material effect on our financial position and results of operations. Further, when unplanned maintenance work is required on power plants or other equipment, OG&E will not only incur unexpected maintenance expenses, but it may also have to make spot market purchases of replacement electricity that could exceed OG&E's costs of generation or be forced to retire a generation unit if the cost or timing of the maintenance is not reasonable and prudent. If OG&E is unable to recover any of these increased costs in rates, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.

 Changes in technology, regulatory policies and customer electricity consumption may cause our assets to be less competitive and impact our results of operations.

OG&E primarily generates electricity at large central facilities. This method typically results in economies of scale and lower costs than newer technologies such as fuel cells, microturbines, windmills and photovoltaic solar cells. It is possible that advances in technologies or changes in regulatory policies will reduce costs of new technology to levels that are equal to or below that of most central station electricity production, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. OG&E's widespread use of Smart Grid technology allowing for two-way communications between the utility and its customers could enable the entry of technology companies into the interface between OG&E and its customers, resulting in unpredictable effects on our current business.

Reductions in customer electricity consumption, thereby reducing utility electric sales, could result from increased deployment of renewable energy technologies as well as increased efficiency of household appliances, among other general efficiency gains in technology. However, this potential reduction in load would not reduce our need for ongoing investments in our infrastructure to reliably serve our customers. Continued utility infrastructure investment without increased electricity sales could cause increased rates for customers, potentially resulting in further reductions in electricity sales and reduced profitability.

Weather conditions such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, ice storms, wind storms, flooding, earthquakes, prolonged droughts and the occurrence of wildfires, as well as seasonal temperature variations may adversely affect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
 
Weather conditions directly influence the demand for electric power. In OG&E's service area, demand for power peaks during the hot summer months, with market prices also typically peaking at that time. As a result, overall operating results may fluctuate on a seasonal and quarterly basis. In addition, we have historically sold less power, and consequently received less revenue, when weather conditions are milder. Unusually mild weather in the future could reduce our revenues, net income, available cash and borrowing ability. Severe weather, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, ice storms, wind storms, flooding, earthquakes, prolonged droughts and the occurrence of wildfires, may cause outages and property damage which may require us to incur additional costs that are generally not insured and that may not be recoverable from customers. The effect of the failure of our facilities to operate as planned, as described above, would be particularly burdensome during a peak demand period. In addition, prolonged droughts could cause a lack of sufficient water for use in cooling during the electricity generating process. Additionally, if climate change exacerbates physical changes in weather, operations may be impacted as discussed above. OG&E can incur significant restoration costs as a result of these weather events. If OG&E is unable to recover any of these increased costs in rates, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.

FINANCIAL RISKS

Market performance, increased retirements, changes in retirement plan regulations and increasing costs associated with our Pension Plan, health care plans and other employee-related benefits may adversely affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
We have a Pension Plan that covers a significant amount of our employees hired before December 1, 2009. We also have defined benefit postretirement plans that cover a significant amount of our employees hired prior to February 1,


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2000. Assumptions related to future costs, returns on investments, interest rates and other actuarial assumptions with respect to the defined benefit retirement and postretirement plans have a significant impact on our results of operations and funding requirements. Based on our assumptions at December 31, 2020, we expect to make future contributions to maintain required funding levels. It has been our practice to also make voluntary contributions to maintain more prudent funding levels than minimally required. We may continue to make voluntary contributions in the future. These amounts are estimates and may change based on actual stock market performance, changes in interest rates and any changes in governmental regulations.
 
If the employees who participate in the Pension Plan retire when they become eligible for retirement over the next several years, or if our plan experiences adverse market returns on its investments, or if interest rates materially fall, our pension expense and contributions to the plans could rise substantially over historical levels. The timing and number of employees retiring and selecting the lump-sum payment option could result in pension settlement charges that could materially affect our results of operations if we are unable to recover these costs through our electric rates. In addition, assumptions related to future costs, returns on investments, interest rates and other actuarial assumptions, including projected retirements, have a significant impact on our financial position and results of operations. Those factors are outside of our control.
 
In addition to the costs of our Pension Plan, the costs of providing health care benefits to our employees and retirees have increased in recent years. We believe that our employee benefit costs, including costs related to health care plans for our employees, will continue to rise. The increasing costs and funding requirements with our Pension Plan, health care plans and other employee benefits may adversely affect our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Finally, OGE Energy provides retirement benefits and retiree health care benefits to 76 employees seconded to Enable. If the seconding agreement was terminated, and those employees were no longer employed by OGE Energy, and lump sum payments were made to those employees, OGE Energy would recognize a settlement or curtailment of the pension/retiree health care charges, which would increase expense at OGE Energy by $19.0 million. Settlement and curtailment charges associated with the Enable seconded employees are not reimbursable to OGE Energy by Enable. The seconding agreement can be terminated by mutual agreement of OGE Energy and Enable or solely by OGE Energy upon 120 days' notice. Assuming the pending merger between Enable and Energy Transfer is completed, the seconding agreement will be terminated.
 
OGE Energy is a holding company with its primary assets being investments in its subsidiary and equity investments.
 
OGE Energy is a holding company and thus its investments in its subsidiary and unconsolidated affiliate, accounted for under the equity method, are its primary assets. Substantially all of OGE Energy's operations are conducted by its subsidiary and unconsolidated affiliate. Consequently, OGE Energy's operating cash flow and its ability to pay dividends and service its indebtedness utilizes the operating cash flow of its subsidiary and unconsolidated affiliate and the payment of funds by them to OGE Energy in the form of dividends or distributions. At December 31, 2020, OGE Energy and OG&E had outstanding indebtedness and other liabilities of $7.1 billion. OGE Energy's subsidiary, OG&E, and unconsolidated affiliate, Enable, are separate legal entities that have no obligation to pay any amounts due on OGE Energy's indebtedness or to make any funds available for that purpose, whether by dividends or otherwise. In addition, their ability to pay dividends to OGE Energy depends on any statutory and contractual restrictions that may be applicable to such subsidiary, which may include requirements to maintain minimum levels of working capital and other assets. Claims of creditors, including general creditors, of OGE Energy's subsidiary or unconsolidated affiliate on their respective assets will generally have priority over OGE Energy claims (except to the extent that OGE Energy may be a creditor of the subsidiaries and its claims are recognized) and claims by OGE Energy shareholders.
 
In addition, as discussed above, OG&E is regulated by state utility commissions in Oklahoma and Arkansas as well as a federal regulatory agency which generally possess broad powers to ensure that the needs of the utility customers are being met. To the extent that the state commissions or federal regulatory agency attempt to impose restrictions on the ability of OG&E to pay dividends to OGE Energy, it could adversely affect its ability to continue to pay dividends.

RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OGE ENERGY'S INVESTMENT IN ENABLE

OGE Energy does not control Enable and therefore is not able to cause or prevent certain actions by Enable. The general partnership of Enable is equally controlled by OGE Energy and CenterPoint.

Enable has its own governing board; therefore, OGE Energy is not able to exercise control over Enable. Accordingly, OGE Energy is unable to cause or prevent certain actions by Enable. Further, OGE Energy cannot control the actions of the other general partner, CenterPoint. OGE Energy's interests may not align with those of CenterPoint, and this lack of control could adversely impact its investment in Enable.



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As discussed in "Item 1. Business," in February 2021, Enable entered into a definitive merger agreement with Energy Transfer. Assuming the transaction closes, OGE Energy will own approximately three percent of Energy Transfer's outstanding limited partner units in lieu of the 25.5 percent interest in Enable that it currently owns, which would result in OGE Energy having less control over the activities of its expected investment in Energy Transfer. Further, although OGE Energy does not control Enable, OGE Energy has a 50 percent interest in Enable's general partner and is able to designate two directors for the Enable board. Following completion of the merger, OGE Energy will not have any interest in the general partner and will not have any designees on the Energy Transfer board. Accordingly, OGE Energy will be unable to cause, prevent or influence actions by Energy Transfer.

A portion of OGE Energy's earnings and operating cash flows are based on the performance of Enable. If any of the following risks were to occur, OGE Energy's business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

OGE Energy's operating cash flow is derived partially from cash distributions it receives from Enable.

OGE Energy's operating cash flow is derived partially from cash distributions it receives from Enable. The amount of cash Enable can distribute on its units principally depends upon the amount of cash generated from its operations, which will fluctuate from quarter to quarter based on, among other things:

the fees and gross margins it realizes with respect to the volume of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil that it handles;
the prices of, levels of production of, and demand for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil;
the volume of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil it gathers, compresses, treats, dehydrates, processes, fractionates, transports and stores;
the relationship among prices for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil;
cash calls and settlements of hedging positions;
margin requirements on open price risk management assets and liabilities;
the level of competition from other companies offering midstream services;
adverse effects of governmental and environmental regulation;
the level of its operation and maintenance expenses and general and administrative costs; and
prevailing economic conditions.

In addition, the actual amount of cash Enable will have available for distribution will depend on other factors, including:

the level and timing of capital expenditures it makes;
the cost of acquisitions;
its debt service requirements and other liabilities;
fluctuations in working capital needs;
its ability to borrow funds and access capital markets;
restrictions contained in its debt agreements;
the amount of cash reserves established by its general partner;
distributions paid on its Series A Preferred Units; and
other business risks affecting its cash levels.

Enable's contracts are subject to renewal risks.

As contracts with Enable's existing suppliers and customers expire, Enable generally seeks to negotiate extensions or renewals of those contracts or enters into new contracts with other suppliers and customers. Enable may be unable to extend or renew existing contracts or enter into new contracts on favorable commercial terms, if at all. Depending on prevailing market conditions at the time of an extension or renewal, gathering and processing customers with fee-based contracts may desire to enter into contracts under different fee arrangements, and gathering and processing customers with contracts that contain minimum volume commitments may desire to enter into contracts without minimum volume commitments. Likewise, Enable's transportation and storage customers may choose not to extend or renew expiring contracts based on the economics of the related areas of production. To the extent Enable is unable to renew or replace its expiring contracts on terms that are favorable to Enable, if at all, or successfully manage its overall contract mix over time, its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected.



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The businesses of Enable are dependent, in part, on the drilling and production decisions of others. In response to sharp declines in demand for oil and gas as well as commodity prices resulting from the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, many producers have significantly reduced previously anticipated drilling and production activities and may make additional reductions in the future.

The businesses of Enable are dependent on the drilling and production of natural gas and crude oil. Enable has no control over the level of drilling activity in its areas of operation, or the amount of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil reserves associated with wells connected to its systems, or the amount of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil produced from the wells connected to its systems. In addition, as the rate at which production from wells currently connected to its system naturally declines over time, its gross margin associated with those wells will also decline. To maintain or increase throughput levels on its gathering and transportation systems and the asset utilization rates at its natural gas processing plants, its customers must continually obtain new natural gas, NGLs and crude oil supplies. Drilling activity in the areas served by our systems significantly impacts Enable's ability to obtain new volumes of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil on its systems. If Enable is not able to obtain new volumes of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil to replace the natural decline in volumes from existing wells, throughput on its gathering, processing, transportation and storage facilities would decline, which could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy. Enable has no control over producers or their drilling and production decisions, which are affected by, among other things:

the availability and cost of capital;
prevailing and projected commodity prices, including the prices of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil;
demand for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil;
levels of reserves;
geological considerations;
global or national health events, including epidemics and pandemics such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic;
environmental or other governmental regulations, including the availability of drilling permits, the regulation of hydraulic fracturing and the regulation of air emissions; and
the availability of drilling rigs and other costs of production and equipment.

Fluctuations in energy prices can also greatly affect the development of new natural gas, NGLs and crude oil reserves. Drilling and production activity generally decreases as commodity prices decrease. In general terms, the prices of natural gas, NGLs, crude oil and other hydrocarbon products fluctuate in response to changes in supply and demand, market uncertainty and a variety of additional factors that are beyond its control. Because of these and other factors, even if new reserves are known to exist in areas served by Enable's assets, producers may choose not to develop those reserves. Declines in natural gas, NGLs or crude oil prices can have a negative impact on exploration, development and production activity and, if sustained, could lead to decreases in such activity. For instance, the recent COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected Enable's business by (i) reducing the demand for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil due to reduced global and national economic activity, leading to significantly lower prices for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil, (ii) impairing the supply chain of certain Enable customers for which it provides gathering and processing services, which could lead to further reduction of the utilization of Enable's systems, and (iii) reducing producer activity across Enable's footprint, which is expected to continue to result in reduced utilization of its services. Enable currently cannot predict the duration or magnitude of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on supply and demand for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil or the exploration, development and production activity of the producers across its areas of operation. In addition, concerns about global economic growth, as well as uncertainty regarding the timing, pace and extent of an economic recovery in the U.S. and abroad, have had a significant adverse impact on global financial markets and commodity prices, and sustained low natural gas, NGLs or crude oil prices could also lead producers to shut in production from their existing wells. Sustained reductions in exploration or production activity in its areas of operation could lead to further reductions in the utilization of its systems, which could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including OGE Energy, and result in the impairment of its assets.

In addition, it may be more difficult to maintain or increase the current volumes on its gathering systems and in its processing plants, as several of the formations in the unconventional resource plays in which Enable operates generally have higher initial production rates and steeper production decline curves than wells in more conventional basins. Should Enable determine that the economics of its gathering assets do not justify the capital expenditures needed to grow or maintain volumes associated therewith, it may reduce such capital expenditures, which could cause revenues associated with these assets to decline over time.



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Enable's industry is highly competitive and increased competitive pressure could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable competes with other midstream service providers in its areas of operation. The principal elements of competition for both gathering and processing services and transportation and storage services are rates, terms of service, flexibility and reliability. Competitors include other midstream service providers, including those affiliated with producers, that may have greater financial resources or greater access to new volumes of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil than Enable does. Some of these competitors may create additional competition by expanding existing or constructing new gathering, processing, transportation and storage systems. Enable's producer customers may become competitors by developing their own midstream systems. Excess gathering, processing, transportation or storage capacity in the areas Enable serves may increase competitive pressure by decreasing rates and adversely impact the ability to renew existing or enter into new contracts. Natural gas, NGLs and crude oil used as or to produce fuel compete with other forms of energy, including electricity and coal. Increased demand for one form of energy over another could lead to a reduction in demand for associated midstream services. All of these competitive pressures could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Natural gas, NGLs and crude oil prices are volatile, and changes in these prices could adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and its ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy. Prices for all three of these commodities have been adversely affected by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, with crude oil prices reaching historic lows in April 2020.

Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to OGE Energy could be negatively affected by adverse changes in the prices of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil depending on factors that are beyond its control. These factors include demand for these commodities, which fluctuates with changes in market and economic conditions and other factors, including the impact of seasonality and weather, general economic conditions, the level of domestic and offshore natural gas production and consumption, the availability of imported natural gas, liquefied natural gas, NGLs and crude oil, actions taken by foreign natural gas and oil producing nations, the availability of local, intrastate and interstate transportation systems, the availability and marketing of competitive fuels, the impact of energy conservation efforts, technological advances affecting energy consumption, global or national health concerns and the extent of governmental regulation and taxation. For example, the price of, and demand for, natural gas, NGLs and crude oil declined significantly in response to the ongoing spread and economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including significant governmental measures being implemented to control the spread of the virus, including quarantines, travel restrictions and business shutdowns and Russia's March 2020 rejection of a plan backed by Saudi Arabia and other members of OPEC to reduce production of crude oil in response to declining global demand. Following the rejection of the plan, Saudi Arabia significantly reduced the prices at which it sells crude oil, and both Saudi Arabia and Russia announced plans to increase production. While a coalition of 23 nations led by Saudi Arabia and Russia subsequently agreed to reduce production of crude oil by 9.7 million barrels per day in May and June of 2020, NGLs and crude oil prices have remained depressed. These events, combined with the continuing COVID-19 pandemic and uncertainty regarding the length of time it will take for the U.S. and the rest of the world to slow the spread of COVID-19 to the point where applicable authorities are comfortable easing current restrictions on various commercial and economic activities, contributed to a sharp drop in prices for crude oil in the first and second quarters of 2020.

Enable's natural gas processing arrangements expose Enable to commodity price fluctuations. In 2020, 6 percent, 33 percent and 61 percent of Enable's processing plant inlet volumes consisted of keep-whole arrangements, percent-of-proceeds or percent-of-liquids and fee-based, respectively. If the price at which Enable sells natural gas or NGLs is less than the cost at which it purchases natural gas or NGLs under these arrangements, then its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected. Enable uses certain derivative instruments to manage its commodity price risk exposures.

At any given time, Enable's overall portfolio of processing contracts may reflect a net short position in natural gas (meaning that it is a net buyer of natural gas) and a net long position in NGLs (meaning that it is a net seller of NGLs). As a result, Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected to the extent the price of NGLs decreases in relation to the price of natural gas.

A pandemic, epidemic or outbreak of an infectious disease, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may materially adversely affect Enable's business.

A global or national pandemic, such as COVID-19, may cause disruptions to Enable's business and operational plans, which may include (i) shortages of employees, (ii) unavailability of contractors and subcontractors, (iii) interruption of supplies


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from third parties upon which Enable relies, (iv) recommendations of, or restrictions imposed by, government and health authorities, including quarantines, travel restrictions and business shutdowns, to address the COVID-19 pandemic and (v) restrictions that Enable and its contractors and subcontractors impose, including facility shutdowns, to ensure the safety of employees and others. For example, many of Enable's employees have been temporarily required to work remotely which may disrupt Enable's operations or increase the risk of a cybersecurity incident. While it is not possible to predict their extent or duration, these disruptions may have a material adverse effect on Enable's business, financial condition and results of operations.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and concerns regarding its continued global spread have negatively impacted domestic and international demand for natural gas, NGLs and crude oil, which has and could continue to contribute to price volatility and materially and adversely affect Enable's customers' operations and future production, resulting in less demand for Enable's services and/or the reduction of commercial opportunities that might otherwise be available to Enable. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have also negatively impacted domestic and international economic conditions, which has and could continue to contribute to price declines and volatility in the financial markets. While it is not possible to predict their extent or duration, these economic conditions could materially and adversely affect the availability of debt or equity financing to Enable, which may result in a significant reduction of Enable's liquidity.

Enable provides certain transportation and storage services under fixed-price "negotiated rate" contracts that are not subject to adjustment, even if the cost to perform such services exceeds the revenues received from such contracts, and, as a result, costs could exceed revenues received under such contracts.

Enable has been authorized by the FERC to provide transportation and storage services at its facilities at negotiated rates. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 37 percent of Enable's aggregate contracted firm transportation capacity on EGT and MRT and 52 percent of its aggregate contracted firm storage capacity on EGT and MRT was subscribed under such "negotiated rate" contracts. These contracts generally do not include provisions allowing for adjustment for increased costs due to inflation, pipeline safety activities or other factors that are not tied to an applicable tracking mechanism authorized by the FERC. Successful recovery of any shortfall of revenue, representing the difference between "recourse rates" (if higher) and negotiated rates, is not assured under current FERC policies. If Enable's costs increase and it is not able to recover any shortfall of revenue associated with its negotiated rate contracts, the cash flow realized by its systems could decrease and, therefore, the cash Enable has available for distribution to its unitholders, including OGE Energy, could also decrease.

If third-party pipelines and other facilities interconnected to Enable's gathering, processing or transportation facilities become partially or fully unavailable to Enable for any reason, Enable's financial position, results of operations and its ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected.

Enable depends upon (i) third-party pipelines to deliver natural gas to, and take natural gas from, its natural gas transportation systems, (ii) third-party pipelines and other facilities to take crude oil, condensate and produced water from its crude oil, condensate and produced water gathering systems, and, in some cases, (iii) third-party facilities to process natural gas from its gathering systems. It also depends on third-party facilities to transport and fractionate NGLs that are delivered to the third party at the tailgates of its processing plants. Fractionation is the separation of the heterogeneous mixture of extracted NGLs into individual components for end-use sale. An outage or disruption on certain pipelines or fractionators operated by a third party could result in the shutdown of certain of Enable's processing plants and gathering systems, and a prolonged outage or disruption could ultimately result in a reduction in the volume of natural gas Enable gathers and NGLs it is able to produce. For example, substantially all of the crude oil gathered by Enable's Williston Basin systems is delivered indirectly for transport to the Dakota Access Pipeline. Although the crude oil gathered by Enable's Williston Basin crude oil systems may also be delivered for transport to other pipelines, such as BakkenLink Pipeline and Enbridge North Dakota Pipeline, a shutdown of Dakota Access Pipeline, or any other significant pipeline providing transportation services from the Williston Basin, could result in the shut-in of wells connected to Enable's Williston Basin crude oil systems if its customers are unable to obtain sufficient capacity on those pipelines at an effective cost. In July 2020, the federal district court for the District of Columbia vacated the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' grant of an easement to Dakota Access Pipeline and issued an order requiring Dakota Access Pipeline to be shut down and emptied of crude oil by August 5, 2020, pending the completion of an environmental impact analysis for the pipeline. In January 2021, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit affirmed the district court's decision that the Corps of Engineers did not follow proper procedures to grant the easement but reversed the district court's order requiring the pipeline to shut down. It can continue operating while the Corp of Engineers attempts to cure the defects identified by the district court. Additionally, Enable depends on third parties to provide electricity for compression, pumping and other operational activities at many of its facilities. Since it does not own or operate any of these third-party pipelines or other facilities, continuing operation of those facilities is not within its control. If any of these third-party pipelines or other facilities become partially or fully unavailable to Enable for any reason, its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected.


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Enable does not own all of the land on which its pipelines and facilities are located, which could disrupt its operations.

Enable does not own all of the land on which its pipelines and facilities have been constructed, and it is therefore subject to the possibility of more onerous terms and/or increased costs to retain necessary land use if it does not have valid rights-of-way or if such rights-of-way lapse or terminate. Enable may obtain the rights to construct and operate its pipelines for a specific period of time on lands owned by governmental agencies, American Indian tribes or other third parties, including on American Indian allotments, title to which is held in trust by the U.S. A loss of these rights, through its inability to renew right-of-way contracts or otherwise, could cause a cease in operations temporarily or permanently on the affected land, increase costs related to the construction and continuing operations elsewhere, and adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

An impairment of long-lived assets, including intangible assets or equity method investments could reduce Enable's earnings.

Long-lived assets, including intangible assets with finite useful lives and property, plant and equipment, are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment of long-lived assets is recognized if the carrying amount is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. Due to decreases in natural gas and NGL market prices during 2020 as a result of the economic effects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, together with the dispute over crude oil production levels between Russia and members of OPEC led by Saudi Arabia, as of March 31, 2020, Enable reassessed the carrying value of the Atoka assets, in which it owns a 50 percent interest in the consolidated joint venture, which is a component of Enable's gathering and processing segment. Based on forecasted future undiscounted cash flows, Enable determined that the carrying value of the Atoka assets were not fully recoverable and recognized a $16 million impairment for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Equity method investments are evaluated for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investment might not be recoverable. An impairment of an equity method investment is recognized if the fair value of the investment as a whole, and not the underlying assets, has declined and the decline is other than temporary. An example of an investment that Enable accounts for under the equity method is its investment in SESH. If Enable enters into additional joint ventures, it could have additional equity method investments. At September 30, 2020, Enable estimated the fair value of its investment in SESH was below the carrying value and concluded the decline in value was other than temporary due to the expiration of a transportation contract and then current status of renewal negotiations. As a result, Enable recorded a $225 million impairment on its investment in SESH for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Enable could experience future events or circumstances that result in an impairment of long-lived assets, including intangible assets, equity method investments, or goodwill. If Enable recognizes an impairment, it would take an immediate non-cash charge to earnings with a correlative effect on equity and balance sheet leverage as measured by debt to total capitalization. As a result, an impairment could have an adverse effect on Enable's results of operations and its ability to satisfy the financial ratios or other covenants under its existing or future debt agreements.

Enable's business involves many hazards and operational risks, some of which may not be fully covered by insurance. Insufficient insurance coverage and increased insurance costs could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable's operations are subject to all of the risks and hazards inherent in the gathering, processing, transportation and storage of natural gas and crude oil, including:

damage to pipelines and plants, related equipment and surrounding properties caused by hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, fires, earthquakes and other natural disasters, acts of terrorism and actions by third parties;
inadvertent damage from construction, vehicles and farm and utility equipment;
leaks of natural gas, NGLs, crude oil and other hydrocarbons or losses of natural gas, NGLs and crude oil as a result of the malfunction of equipment or facilities;
ruptures, fires and explosions; and
other hazards that could also result in personal injury and loss of life, pollution and suspension of operations.

These risks could result in substantial losses due to personal injury or loss of life, severe damage to and destruction of property, plant and equipment and pollution or other environmental damage. These risks may also result in curtailment or suspension of its operations. A natural disaster or other hazard affecting the areas in which it operates could adversely affect Enable's results of operations. Enable is not fully insured against all risks inherent in its business. Enable currently has general


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liability and property insurance in place to cover certain of its facilities in amounts that it considers appropriate. Such policies are subject to certain limits and deductibles. Enable has business interruption insurance coverage for some but not all of its operations. Insurance coverage may not be available in the future at current costs or on commercially reasonable terms, and the insurance proceeds received for any loss of, or any damage to, any of Enable's facilities may not be sufficient to restore the loss or damage without adversely affecting its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including OGE Energy.

The use of derivative contracts by Enable and its subsidiaries in the normal course of business could result in financial losses that could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and its ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable and its subsidiaries periodically use derivative instruments, such as swaps, options, futures and forwards, to manage its commodity and financial market risks. Enable and its subsidiaries could recognize financial losses as a result of volatility in the market values of these contracts, or should a counterparty fail to perform. In the absence of actively quoted market prices and pricing information from external sources, the valuation of these financial instruments can involve management's judgment or use of estimates. As a result, changes in the underlying assumptions or use of alternative valuation methods could affect the reported fair value of these contracts.

Failure to attract and retain an appropriately qualified workforce could adversely impact Enable's results of operations.

Enable's business is dependent on its ability to recruit, retain and motivate employees. Certain circumstances, such as an aging workforce without appropriate replacements, a mismatch of existing skill sets to future needs, competition for skilled labor or the unavailability of contract resources may lead to operating challenges such as a lack of resources, loss of knowledge or a lengthy time period associated with skill development. Enable's costs, including costs for contractors to replace employees, productivity costs and safety costs, may rise. Failure to hire and adequately train replacement employees, including the transfer of significant internal historical knowledge and expertise to the new employees, or the future availability and cost of contract labor may adversely affect Enable's ability to manage and operate its business. If Enable is unable to successfully attract and retain an appropriately qualified workforce, its results of operations could be negatively affected.

As of December 31, 2020, Enable has 76 employees who are participants under OGE Energy defined benefit and retiree medical plans, who are seconded to the Partnership, subject to certain termination rights of the Partnership and OGE Energy. If seconding is terminated, employees of OGE Energy. that Enable determines to hire are under no obligation to accept Enable's offer of employment on the terms Enable provides, or at all.

Cybersecurity attacks or other disruptions of Enable's systems, networks and technology could adversely impact Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable has become increasingly dependent on the systems, networks and technology that it uses to conduct almost all aspects of its business, including the operation of its gathering, processing, transportation and storage assets, the recording of commercial transactions and the reporting of financial information. Enable depends on both its own systems, networks and technology as well as the systems, networks and technology of its vendors, customers and other business partners. Any disruption of these systems, networks and technology could disrupt the operation of Enable's business. Disruptions can result from a variety of causes, including natural disasters, the failure of software or equipment and manmade events, such as cybersecurity attacks or information security breaches. Cybersecurity attacks and information security breaches could result in the unauthorized use of confidential, proprietary or other information and in the disruption of Enable's critical business functions and operations, adversely affecting its reputation and subjecting it to possible legal claims and liability. In addition, Enable is not fully insured against all cybersecurity risks.

As cybersecurity attacks continue to evolve, Enable may be required to expend significant additional resources to continue to modify or enhance its protective measures or to investigate and remediate any vulnerabilities to cybersecurity attacks. In particular, Enable's implementation of various procedures and controls to monitor and mitigate security threats and to increase security for its personnel, information, facilities and infrastructure may result in increased capital and operating costs. To date Enable has not experienced any material losses relating to cybersecurity attacks; however, there can be no assurance that it will not suffer such losses in the future. Consequently, it is possible that any of these occurrences, or a combination of them, could adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.



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Terrorist attacks or other physical security threats could adversely affect Enable's business.

Enable's gathering, processing, transportation and storage assets may be targets of terrorist activities or other physical security threats that could disrupt its ability to conduct its business. It is possible that any of these occurrences, or a combination of them, could adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy. In addition, any physical damage to Enable's assets resulting from acts of terrorism may not be fully covered by Enable's insurance.

If Enable fails to maintain an effective system of internal controls, then it may not be able to accurately report financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, current and potential unitholders could lose confidence in its financial reporting, which would harm Enable's business and the trading price of its common units.

Effective internal controls are necessary for Enable to provide reliable financial reports, prevent fraud and operate successfully as a public company. If its efforts to maintain an effective system of internal controls are not successful, it is unable to maintain adequate controls over its financial processes and reporting in the future or it is unable to comply with its obligations under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, its operating results could be harmed or fail to meet its reporting obligations. Ineffective internal controls also could cause investors to lose confidence in its reported financial information, which would likely have a negative effect on the trading price of Enable's common units.

Enable depends on a small number of customers for a significant portion of its gathering and processing revenues and its transportation and storage revenues. The loss of, or reduction in volumes from, these customers could result in a decline in sales of its gathering and processing or transportation and storage services and adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

For the year ended December 31, 2020, 61 percent of Enable's natural gas gathered volumes were attributable to the affiliates of Continental Resources, Inc., Vine Oil and Gas, GeoSouthern Energy Corporation, XTO Energy Inc. and Marathon Oil Corporation and 46 percent of its transportation and storage service revenues were attributable to affiliates of CenterPoint, Spire Inc., Continental Resources, Inc., American Electric Power Co. and OGE Energy. The loss of any portion of the gathering, processing, transportation and storage systems serving any of these customers, the failure to extend existing contracts at their expiration or the extension or replacement of these contracts on less favorable terms could adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable's exposure to credit risks of its customers, and any material nonpayment or nonperformance by its customers could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Some of Enable's customers may experience financial problems that could have a significant effect on its customers' creditworthiness. Severe financial problems encountered by its customers could limit Enable's ability to collect amounts owed to it, or to enforce performance of obligations under contractual arrangements. In addition, many of Enable's customers finance their activities through cash flow from operations, the incurrence of debt or the issuance of equity. The combination of reduction of cash flow resulting from declines in commodity prices, a reduction in borrowing bases under reserve-based credit facilities and the lack of availability of debt or equity financing may result in a significant reduction of its customers' liquidity and limit its customers' ability to make payments or perform on obligations to Enable. For example, some of Enable's customers have experienced significantly reduced liquidity as a result of the economic effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, some of Enable's customers may be highly leveraged and subject to their own operating and regulatory risks, which increases the risk that they may default on their obligations to Enable. Financial problems experienced by its customers could result in the impairment of its assets, reduction of its operating cash flows and may also reduce or curtail its customers' future use of its products and services, which could reduce revenues.

Enable and its operating subsidiaries' debt levels may limit their flexibility in obtaining additional financing and in pursuing other business opportunities.

As of December 31, 2020, Enable had approximately $4.0 billion of long-term debt outstanding, excluding the premiums, discounts and unamortized debt expense on senior notes. In addition, as of December 31, 2020, Enable had $250 million outstanding under its commercial paper program. Enable also has a $1.75 billion revolving credit facility for working capital, capital expenditures and other partnership purposes, including acquisitions, with no borrowings outstanding, of which approximately $1.50 billion in borrowing capacity was undrawn as of December 31, 2020. As of January 29, 2021, Enable had $204 million outstanding under its commercial paper program and $1.54 billion of undrawn borrowing capacity under its


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revolving credit facility. Enable has the ability to incur additional debt, subject to limitations in its credit facilities. The levels of debt could have important consequences, including the following:

the ability to obtain additional financing, if necessary, for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other purposes may be impaired or the financing may not be available on favorable terms, if at all;
a portion of cash flows will be required to make interest payments on the debt, reducing the funds that would otherwise be available for operations, future business opportunities and distributions;
the debt level will make Enable more vulnerable to competitive pressures or a downturn in the business or the economy generally; and
the debt level may limit flexibility in responding to changing business and economic conditions.

Enable's and its operating subsidiaries' ability to service their debt will depend upon, among other things, their future financial and operating performance, which will be affected by prevailing economic conditions, commodity prices and financial, business, regulatory and other factors, some of which are beyond their control. If operating results are not sufficient to service Enable's and its operating subsidiaries' current or future indebtedness, Enable and its subsidiaries may be forced to take actions such as reducing distributions, reducing or delaying business activities, acquisitions, investments or capital expenditures, selling assets, restructuring or refinancing debt, or seeking additional equity capital. These actions may not be effected on satisfactory terms, or at all.

Enable's credit facilities contain operating and financial restrictions, including covenants and restrictions that may be affected by events beyond its control, which could adversely affect its financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable's credit facilities contain customary covenants that, among other things, limit the ability to:

permit its subsidiaries to incur or guarantee additional debt;
incur or permit to exist certain liens on assets;
dispose of assets;
merge or consolidate with another company or engage in a change of control;
enter into transactions with affiliates on non-arm's length terms; and
change the nature of its business.

Enable's credit facilities also require it to maintain certain financial ratios. Its ability to meet those financial ratios can be affected by events beyond its control, Enable cannot assure it will meet those ratios. In addition, its credit facilities contain events of default customary for agreements of this nature.

Enable's ability to comply with the covenants and restrictions contained in its credit facilities may be affected by events beyond its control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. If market or other economic conditions deteriorate, its ability to comply with these covenants may be impaired. If any of the restrictions, covenants, ratios or tests in its credit facilities are violated, a significant portion of its indebtedness may become immediately due and payable. In addition, its lenders' commitments to make further loans to Enable under the revolving credit facility may be suspended or terminated. Enable might not have, or be able to obtain, sufficient funds to make these accelerated payments.

Any reductions in Enable's credit ratings could increase its financing costs and the cost of maintaining certain contractual relationships.

Enable cannot provide assurance that its credit ratings will remain in effect for any given period of time or that a rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency if, in its judgment, circumstances warrant. If any of Enable's credit ratings are below investment grade, it may have higher future borrowing costs and it or its subsidiaries may be required to post cash collateral or letters of credit under certain contractual agreements. If cash collateral requirements were to occur at a time when Enable was experiencing significant working capital requirements or otherwise lacked liquidity, its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected.



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Enable may not be able to recover the costs of its substantial planned investment in capital improvements and additions, and the actual cost of such improvements and additions may be significantly higher than it anticipates.

Enable's business plan calls for investment in capital improvements and additions. The construction of additions or modifications to Enable's existing systems, and the construction of new midstream assets, involves numerous regulatory, environmental, political and legal uncertainties, many of which are beyond its control and may require the expenditure of significant amounts of capital, which may exceed estimates. These projects may not be completed at the planned cost, on schedule or at all. The construction of new pipeline, gathering, treating, processing, compression or other facilities is subject to construction cost overruns due to labor costs, costs and availability of equipment and materials such as steel, labor shortages or weather or other delays, inflation or other factors, which could be material. In addition, the construction of these facilities is typically subject to the receipt of approvals and permits from various regulatory agencies. Those agencies may not approve the projects in a timely manner, if at all, or may impose restrictions or conditions on the projects that could potentially prevent a project from proceeding, lengthen its expected completion schedule and/or increase its anticipated cost. Moreover, revenues and cash flows may not increase immediately upon the expenditure of funds on a particular project. For instance, if Enable expands an existing pipeline or a constructs a new pipeline, the construction may occur over an extended period of time, and Enable may not receive any material increases in revenues or cash flows until the project is completed. In addition, Enable may construct facilities to capture anticipated future growth in production in a region in which such growth does not materialize. As a result, the new facilities may not be able to achieve an expected investment return, which could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including OGE Energy.

In connection with its capital investments, Enable may estimate, or engage a third party to estimate, potential reserves in areas to be developed prior to constructing facilities in those areas. To the extent Enable relies on estimates of future production in deciding to construct additions to its systems, those estimates may prove to be inaccurate either in volume or timing due to numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating future production. In addition, the construction of additions to existing gathering and transportation assets may require new rights-of-way prior to construction. Those rights-of-way to connect new natural gas supplies to existing gathering lines may be unavailable, and it may not be able to capitalize on attractive expansion opportunities. Additionally, it may become more expensive to obtain new rights-of-way or to renew existing rights-of-way. If the cost of renewing or obtaining new rights-of-way increases, its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, could be adversely affected.

Enable's ability to grow is dependent in part on its ability to access external financing sources on acceptable terms.

Enable expects its operating subsidiaries will distribute all of their available cash to Enable and that it will distribute all of its available cash to its unitholders. As a result, Enable and its operating subsidiaries rely significantly upon external financing sources, including commercial bank borrowings and the issuance of debt and equity securities, to fund acquisitions and expansion capital expenditures. To the extent Enable or its operating subsidiaries are unable to finance growth externally or through internally generated cash flows, Enable's and its operating subsidiaries' cash distribution policy may significantly impair Enable's and its operating subsidiaries' ability to grow. In addition, because Enable and its operating subsidiaries distribute all available cash, Enable's and its operating subsidiaries' growth may not be as fast as businesses that reinvest their available cash to expand ongoing operations.

To the extent Enable issues additional units in connection with any acquisitions or expansion capital expenditures, the payment of distributions on those additional units may increase the risk that it will be unable to maintain or increase its per unit distribution level, which in turn may impact the available cash that Enable has to distribute on each unit. There are no limitations in the partnership agreement on its ability to issue additional units, including units ranking senior to the common units. The incurrence of additional commercial borrowings or other debt by Enable or its operating subsidiaries to finance its growth strategy would result in increased interest expense, which in turn may negatively impact the available cash that its operating subsidiaries have to distribute to it, and thus that it has to distribute to its unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable depends in part on access to the capital markets and other external financing sources to fund its expansion capital expenditures, although Enable has also increasingly relied on cash flow generated from its operations to fund its expansion capital expenditures. Historically, unit prices of midstream master limited partnerships have experienced periods of volatility. In addition, because Enable's common units are yield-based securities, rising market interest rates could impact the relative attractiveness of its common units to investors. As a result of capital market volatility, Enable may be unable to issue equity or debt on satisfactory terms, or at all, which may limit its ability to expand its operations or make future acquisitions.



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Enable's merger and acquisition activities may not be successful or may result in completed acquisitions that do not perform as anticipated, which could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations or future growth.

From time to time, Enable has made, and it intends to continue to make, acquisitions of businesses and assets. Such acquisitions involve substantial risks, including the following:

acquired businesses or assets may not produce revenues, earnings or cash flow at anticipated levels;
acquired businesses or assets could have environmental, permitting or other problems for which contractual protections prove inadequate;
it may assume liabilities that were not disclosed to it, that exceed its estimates, or for which its rights to indemnification from the seller are limited;
it may be unable to integrate acquired businesses successfully and realize anticipated economic, operational and other benefits in a timely manner, which could result in substantial costs and delays or other operational, technical or financial problems; and
acquisitions, or the pursuit of acquisitions, could disrupt its ongoing businesses, distract management, divert resources and make it difficult to maintain its current business standards, controls and procedures.

In addition, Enable's growth strategy includes, in part, the ability to make acquisitions on economically acceptable terms. If Enable is unable to make acquisitions or if its acquisitions do not perform as anticipated, Enable's future growth may be adversely affected.

Enable may be unable to obtain or renew permits necessary for its operations, which could inhibit its ability to do business.

Performance of its operations require it obtain and maintain a number of federal and state permits, licenses and approvals with terms and conditions containing a significant number of prescriptive limits and performance standards in order to operate. All of these permits, licenses, approval limits and standards require a significant amount of monitoring, record keeping and reporting in order to demonstrate compliance with the underlying permit, license, approval limit or standard. Noncompliance or incomplete documentation of Enable's compliance status may result in the imposition of fines, penalties and injunctive relief. A decision by a government agency to deny or delay the issuance of a new or existing material permit or other approval, or to revoke or substantially modify an existing permit or other approval, could adversely affect its ability to initiate or continue operations at the affected location or facility and on its financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy. For example, in April 2020, the federal district court for the District of Montana issued an order vacating the Corps Clean Water Act Section 4040 Nationwide Permit 12, which authorizes pipeline crossings of streams and wetlands. Subsequent proceedings limited this order to the Keystone XL pipeline, which is not related to Enable's operations. Pending appeal of the court's decision, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has published a proposal to reissue its existing Nationwide Permits and associated general conditions and definitions, with certain modifications, including to the Corps Clean Water Act Section 4040 Nationwide Permit 12. While the full extent and impact of the court's action, as well as the proposed Corps Clean Water Act Section 4040 Nationwide Permit 12 re-issuance, is unclear at this time, a disruption in Enable's ability to obtain coverage under the Corps Clean Water Act Section 4040 Nationwide Permit 12 or other general permits may result in increased costs and project delays if Enable is required to seek individual permits from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Additionally, in order to obtain permits and renewals of permits and other approvals in the future, Enable may be required to prepare and present data to governmental authorities pertaining to the potential adverse impact that any proposed pipeline or processing-related activities may have on the environment, individually or in the aggregate, including on public and American Indian tribal lands. Certain approval procedures may require preparation of archaeological surveys, wetland delineations, endangered species surveys and other studies to assess the environmental impact of new sites or the expansion of existing sites. Compliance with these regulatory requirements may be expensive and may significantly lengthen the time required to prepare applications and to receive authorizations and consequently could disrupt Enable's project construction schedules.

Enable's operations may be impacted by certain indigenous rights protections.

Parts of Enable's operations cross land that has historically been apportioned to various Native American tribes, who may exercise significant jurisdiction and sovereignty over their lands. Enable's operations may be impacted to the extent these tribal governments are found to have and choose to act upon such jurisdiction over lands where it operates. For example, a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 2020 found that the Muscogee (Creek) Nation reservation in Eastern Oklahoma has not been disestablished, and subsequent court rulings applying this precedent have found similarly for other reservations. This ruling could lead to some confusion as to which agencies have authority to regulate activities in this area of Oklahoma.


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Costs of compliance with existing environmental laws and regulations are significant, and the cost of compliance with future environmental laws and regulations may adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Enable is subject to extensive federal, state and local environmental statutes, rules and regulations relating to air quality, water quality, waste management, wildlife conservation, natural resources and health and safety that could, among other things, delay or increase costs of construction, restrict or limit the output of certain facilities and/or require additional pollution control equipment and otherwise increase costs. For instance, in May 2016, the EPA issued final standards governing methane emissions imposing more stringent controls on methane and volatile organic compounds emissions at new and modified oil and natural gas production, processing, storage and transmission facilities. These rules have required changes to Enable's operations, including the installation of new equipment to control emissions. In September 2020, the EPA finalized amendments to the 2016 standards that removed Enable's transmission and storage segments from the oil and natural gas source category and rescinded the methane-specific requirements for production and processing facilities. However, several lawsuits have been filed challenging these amendments, and on January 20, 2021, President Biden signed an executive order calling for the suspension, revision or recission of the September 2020 rule and the reinstatement or issuance of standards for new, modified and existing oil and gas operations, including Enable's transmission and storage segments. As a result, Enable cannot predict the scope of any final methane regulatory requirements or the cost to comply with such requirements. However, several states are pursuing similar measures to regulate emissions of methane from new and existing sources. There are significant capital, operating and other costs associated with compliance with these environmental statutes, rules and regulations. Future federal and state regulations relating to Enable's gathering and processing, transmission and storage operations remain a possibility and could result in increased compliance costs on Enable's operations. Furthermore, if new or more stringent federal, state or local legal restrictions are adopted in areas where Enable's crude oil and natural gas exploration and production customers operate, they could incur potentially significant added costs to comply with such requirements, experience delays or curtailment in the pursuit of exploration, development, or production activities, and perhaps even be precluded from drilling wells, some or all of which could adversely affect demand for Enable's services to those customers.

There is inherent risk of the incurrence of environmental costs and liabilities in Enable's operations due to the handling of natural gas, NGLs, crude oil and produced water as well as air emissions related to its operations and historical industry operations and waste disposal practices. These matters are subject to stringent and complex federal, state and local laws and regulations governing environmental protection, including the discharge of materials into the environment and the protection of plants, wildlife, and natural and cultural resources. These laws and regulations can restrict or impact business activities in many ways, such as restricting the handling or disposing of wastes or requiring remedial action to mitigate pollution conditions that may be caused by its operations or that are attributable to former operators. Joint and several strict liability may be incurred, without regard to fault, under certain of these environmental laws and regulations in connection with discharges or releases of wastes on, under or from its properties and facilities, many of which have been used for midstream activities for a number of years, oftentimes by third parties not under its control. Private parties, including the owners of the properties through which its gathering and transportation systems pass and facilities where its wastes are taken for reclamation or disposal, may also have the right to pursue legal actions to enforce compliance, as well as to seek damages for non- compliance, with environmental laws and regulations or for personal injury or property damage. For example, an accidental release from one of its pipelines could subject them to substantial liabilities arising from environmental cleanup and restoration costs, claims made by neighboring landowners and other third parties for personal injury and property damage and fines or penalties for related violations of environmental laws or regulations. Enable may be unable to recover these costs from insurance. Moreover, the possibility exists that stricter laws, regulations or enforcement policies could significantly increase compliance costs and the cost of any remediation that may become necessary. Further, stricter requirements could negatively impact its customers' production and operations, resulting in less demand for its services.

Increased regulation of hydraulic fracturing and wastewater injection wells could result in reductions or delays in natural gas and crude oil production by Enable's customers, which could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Hydraulic fracturing is a common practice that is used by many of Enable's customers to stimulate production of natural gas and crude oil from dense subsurface rock formations. The hydraulic fracturing process involves the injection of water, sand, and chemicals under pressure into targeted subsurface formations to fracture the surrounding rock and stimulate production. Hydraulic fracturing typically is regulated by state oil and natural gas commissions. In addition, certain federal agencies have proposed additional laws and regulations to more closely regulate the hydraulic fracturing process. The EPA has also issued regulations and guidance for hydraulic fracturing operations under several statutes.



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Some states have adopted, and other states have considered adopting, legal requirements that could impose more stringent permitting, public disclosure or well construction requirements on hydraulic fracturing activities. Local government also may seek to adopt ordinances within their jurisdictions regulating the time, place and manner of drilling activities in general or hydraulic fracturing activities in particular, in some cases banning hydraulic fracturing entirely. If new or more stringent federal, state or local legal restrictions relating to the hydraulic fracturing process are adopted in areas where Enable's oil and natural gas exploration and production customers operate, they could incur potentially significant added costs to comply with such requirements, experience delays or curtailment in the pursuit of exploration, development, or production activities, and perhaps even be precluded from drilling wells, some or all of which activities could adversely affect demand for Enable's services to those customers.

State and federal regulatory agencies have also focused on a possible connection between the operation of injection wells used for oil and gas waste disposal and seismic activity. Similar concerns have been raised that hydraulic fracturing may also contribute to seismic activity. When caused by human activity, such events are called induced seismicity. Some state regulatory agencies have adopted their regulations or issued orders to address induced seismicity. For example, the OCC has implemented volume reduction plans, and at times required shut-ins, for disposal wells injecting wastewater from oil and gas operations into the Arbuckle formation. Certain environmental and other groups have also suggested that additional federal, state and local laws and regulations may be needed to more closely regulate the hydraulic fracturing process. Enable cannot predict whether additional federal, state or local laws or regulations applicable to hydraulic fracturing will be enacted in the future and, if so, what actions any such laws or regulations would require or prohibit. Increased regulation and attention given to induced seismicity could lead to greater opposition to, and litigation concerning, oil and gas activities utilizing hydraulic fracturing or injection wells for waste disposal. Additional legislation or regulation could also lead to operational delays or increased operating costs for Enable's customers, which in turn could reduce the demand for Enable's services.

Other governmental agencies, including the U.S. Department of Energy, have evaluated or are evaluating various other aspects of hydraulic fracturing. These ongoing or proposed studies, depending on their degree of pursuit and any meaningful results obtained, could spur initiatives to further regulate hydraulic fracturing or other regulatory mechanisms.

Enable and its customers' operations are subject to a series of risks arising out of the threat of climate change that could result in increased operating costs, adversely impact Enable's results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy, limit the areas in which oil and natural gas production may occur and reduce demand for the products and services Enable provides.

The threat of possible global climate change continues to attract considerable attention in the U.S. and in foreign countries. Numerous proposals have been made and could continue to be made at the international, national, regional and state levels of government to monitor and limit existing emissions of greenhouse gases as well as to restrict or eliminate such future emissions. As a result, Enable's operations as well as the operations of its crude oil and natural gas exploration and production customers are subject to a series of regulatory, political, litigation and financial risks associated with the production and processing of fossil fuels and emission of greenhouse gases.

In the U.S., no comprehensive climate change legislation has been implemented at the federal level. However, following the U.S. Supreme Court finding that greenhouse gas emissions constitute a pollutant under the Clean Air Act, the EPA has adopted regulations that, among other things, establish construction and operating permit reviews for greenhouse gas emissions from certain large stationary sources, require the monitoring and annual reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from certain petroleum and natural gas system sources in the U.S., and together with the Department of Transportation, implement greenhouse gas emissions limits on vehicles manufactured for operation in the U.S. The regulation of methane from oil and gas facilities has been subject to uncertainty in recent years. For more information, see the risk factor, "Costs of compliance with existing environmental laws and regulations are significant, and the cost of compliance with future environmental laws and regulations may adversely affect Enable's financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy," above. Additionally, various states and groups of states have adopted or are considering adopting legislation, regulations or other regulatory initiatives that are focused on such areas as greenhouse gas cap and trade programs, carbon taxes, reporting and tracking programs and restriction of emissions. Internationally, the United Nations sponsored Paris Agreement requires member states to individually determine and submit non-binding emissions reduction targets every five years after 2020. The U.S. had officially withdrawn from the "Paris Agreement" on November 4, 2020. However, newly elected President Biden announced on January 20, 2021 that the U.S. would rejoin the agreement and called on the federal government to begin formulating the U.S.'s nationally determined emissions reduction targets under the agreement.

Governmental, scientific and public concern over the threat of climate change arising from greenhouse gas emissions has resulted in increasing political risks in the U.S., including climate change related pledges, made by certain candidates recently elected to public office. These have included promises to limit emissions and curtail the production of oil and gas, such


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as through the cessation of leasing public land for hydrocarbon development. For example, on January 27, 2021, President Biden issued an executive order that commits to substantial action on climate change, calling for, among other things, the increased use of zero-emissions vehicles by the federal government, the elimination of subsidies provided to the fossil fuel industry and increased emphasis on climate-related risk across governmental agencies and economic sectors. Separately, on January 20, 2021, the Acting Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior issued an order that, among other things, imposed a temporary suspension on the issuance of fossil fuel authorizations, including leases and permits, on federal lands. Although the order says it does not limit existing operations under valid leases, on January 27, 2021, President Biden signed an executive order suspending new oil and gas leasing on federal lands, pending completion of a review of the federal government's oil and gas permitting and leasing practices. Other actions that could be pursued by the Biden Administration may include the imposition of more restrictive requirements for the establishment of pipeline infrastructure or the permitting of liquefied natural gas export facilities. Litigation risks are also increasing, as a number of cities and other local governments have sought to bring suit against the largest oil and natural gas companies in state or federal court, alleging, among other things, that such companies created public nuisances by producing fuels that contributed to climate change. Suits have also been brought against such companies under shareholder and consumer production laws, alleging that the companies have been aware of the adverse effects of climate change but failed to adequately disclose those impacts.

There are also increasing financial risks for fossil fuel producers as shareholders currently invested in fossil-fuel energy companies may elect in the future to shift some or all of their investments into other related sectors. Institutional lenders who provide financing to fossil-fuel energy companies also have become more attentive to sustainable lending practices and some of them may elect not to provide funding for fossil fuel energy companies. There is also a risk that financial institutions will be required to adopt policies that have the effect of reducing the funding provided to the fossil fuel sector. Recently, the Federal Reserve announced that it has applied to join the Network for Greening the Financial System, a consortium of financial regulators focused on addressing climate-related risks in the financial sector. A material reduction in the capital available to the fossil fuel industry could make it more difficult to secure funding for exploration, development, production, transportation and processing activities, which could result in decreased demand for Enable's services.

The adoption and implementation of new or more stringent international, federal or state legislation, regulations or other regulatory initiatives that impose more stringent standards for greenhouse gas emissions from the oil and natural gas sector or otherwise restrict the areas in which this sector may produce oil and natural gas or generate greenhouse gas emissions could result in increased costs of compliance or costs of consuming, and thereby reduce demand for, oil and natural gas, which could reduce demand for Enable's services and products. Additionally, political, litigation and financial risks may result in Enable's oil and natural gas customers restricting or canceling production activities, incurring liability for infrastructure damages as a result of climatic changes or impairing their ability to continue to operate in an economic manner, which also could reduce demand for Enable's services and products. One or more of these developments could have a material adverse effect on Enable's business, financial condition, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy.

Finally, many scientists have concluded that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere may produce climate changes that have significant physical effects, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, floods and other climatic events. If any such effects were to occur, they could adversely affect Enable's results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to unitholders, including OGE Energy. In addition, while Enable's consideration of changing weather conditions and inclusion of safety factors in design covers the uncertainties that climate change and other events may potentially introduce, its ability to mitigate the adverse impacts of these events depends in part on the effectiveness of its facilities and disaster preparedness and response and business continuity planning, which may not have considered or be prepared for every eventuality.

Enable's operations are subject to extensive regulation by federal regulatory authorities. Changes or additional regulatory measures adopted by such authorities could adversely affect its financial position, results of operations and ability to make cash distributions to its unitholders, including OGE Energy.

The rates charged by several of Enable's pipeline systems, including for interstate gas transportation service provided by its intrastate pipelines, are regulated by the FERC. The FERC and state regulatory agencies also regulate other terms and conditions of the services it may offer. If one of these regulatory agencies, on its own initiative or due to challenges by third parties, were to lower its tariff rates or deny any rate increase or other material changes to the types or terms and conditions of service it might propose or offer, the profitability of its pipeline businesses could suffer. If it were permitted to raise its tariff rates for a particular pipeline, there might be significant delay between the time the tariff rate increase is approved and the time that the rate increase actually goes into effect, which could also limit profitability. Furthermore, competition from other transportation and storage systems may prevent them from raising its tariff rates even if permitted by regulatory agencies. The regulatory agencies that regulate its systems periodically implement new rules, regulations and terms and conditions of services