EX-13 3 d441535dex13.htm EX-13 EX-13

Exhibit 13

 

Selected Financial Data Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions, except per share amounts)  
      2012      2011      2010      2009      2008  

Results of Operations

              

Operating revenues

   $ 115,846      $ 110,875      $ 106,565      $ 107,808      $ 97,354  

Operating income

     13,160        12,880        14,645        15,978        2,612  

Net income (loss) attributable to Verizon

     875        2,404        2,549        4,894        (2,193

Per common share – basic

     .31        .85        .90        1.72        (.77

Per common share – diluted

     .31        .85        .90        1.72        (.77

Cash dividends declared per common share

     2.030        1.975        1.925        1.870        1.780  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     9,682        7,794        7,668        6,707        6,155  

Financial Position

              

Total assets

   $   225,222      $   230,461      $   220,005      $   226,907      $   202,185  

Debt maturing within one year

     4,369        4,849        7,542        7,205        4,993  

Long-term debt

     47,618        50,303        45,252        55,051        46,959  

Employee benefit obligations

     34,346        32,957        28,164        32,622        32,512  

Noncontrolling interest

     52,376        49,938        48,343        42,761        37,199  

Equity attributable to Verizon

     33,157        35,970        38,569        41,382        41,592  

 

 

Significant events affecting our historical earnings trends in 2010 through 2012 are described in “Other Items” in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section.

 

 

2009 and 2008 data includes severance, pension and benefit charges, merger integration and acquisition costs, dispositions and other items.

 

Stock Performance Graph

Comparison of Five-Year Total Return Among Verizon,

S&P 500 Telecommunications Services Index and S&P 500 Stock Index

 

LOGO

 

      At December 31,  
Data Points in Dollars    2007      2008      2009      2010      2011      2012  

Verizon

     100.0        81.9        85.1        104.8        123.9        140.2  

S&P 500 Telecom Services

     100.0        69.5        75.8        90.1        95.9        113.4  

S&P 500

     100.0        63.0        79.7        91.7        93.6        108.6  

The graph compares the cumulative total returns of Verizon, the S&P 500 Telecommunications Services Index, and the S&P 500 Stock Index over a five-year period. It assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2007 with dividends (including the value of each respective spin-off) being reinvested.


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Overview

Verizon Communications Inc. (Verizon or the Company) is a holding company that, acting through its subsidiaries is one of the world’s leading providers of communications, information and entertainment products and services to consumers, businesses and governmental agencies with a presence in over 150 countries around the world. Our offerings, designed to meet customers’ demand for speed, mobility, security and control, include voice, data and video services on our wireless and wireline networks. We have two reportable segments, Verizon Wireless and Wireline. Our wireless business, operating as Verizon Wireless, provides voice and data services and equipment sales across the United States using one of the most extensive and reliable wireless networks. Our wireline business provides consumer, business and government customers with communications products and services, including voice, broadband data and video services, network access, long distance and other communications products and services, and also owns and operates one of the most expansive end-to-end global Internet Protocol (IP) networks. We have a highly skilled, diverse and dedicated workforce of approximately 183,400 employees as of December 31, 2012.

In recent years Verizon has embarked upon a strategic transformation as advances in technology have changed the ways that our customers interact in their personal and professional lives and that businesses operate. To meet the changing needs of our customers and address the changing technological landscape, we are focusing our efforts around higher margin and growing areas of our business: wireless data, wireline data and Strategic services, including cloud computing services.

Our strategy requires significant capital investments primarily to acquire wireless spectrum, put the spectrum into service, expand the fiber optic network that supports our wireless and wireline businesses, maintain our wireless and wireline networks and develop and maintain significant advanced database capacity.

In our Wireless business, in 2012 compared to 2011, strong revenue growth of 8.1% was driven by connection growth and strong demand for smartphones and Internet data devices. During 2012, we experienced a 4.3% increase in retail postpaid connections per account compared to 2011, with smartphones representing 58.1% of our retail postpaid phone base at December 31, 2012.

As of January 22, 2013, our fourth-generation (4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network has been deployed in 476 markets covering more than 273 million people throughout the country, which is nearly 89% of the U.S. population. We expect to continue to deploy 4G LTE during 2013 and by year-end cover nearly our entire existing 3G network footprint. Our 4G LTE network provides higher data throughput performance for data services at lower cost compared to those offered by 3G technologies. As of December 31, 2012, nearly 50% of our wireless data traffic was on our 4G LTE network.

In 2012, Verizon Wireless launched the Share Everything plans, which were made available to both new and existing postpaid customers. These plans feature domestic unlimited voice minutes, unlimited text, video and picture messaging and a single data allowance that can be shared among up to 10 devices connected to the Verizon Wireless network. For an additional monthly access fee, our customers have the option of sharing long distance and roaming minutes among their devices for calls from the United States to, and calls while within, Canada and Mexico. The Share Everything plans also include the Mobile Hotspot service on our smartphones at no additional charge. The Mobile Hotspot service allows a customer to use our network to create a Wi-Fi network that can be used by Wi-Fi enabled devices. In January 2013, Verizon Wireless announced it will begin offering shared data plans for business, with the Share Everything plans for Small Business and the Nationwide Business Data Packages and Plans. As of December 31, 2012, Share Everything accounts represented approximately 23% of our retail postpaid accounts.

In Wireline, during 2012 compared to 2011, revenues were positively impacted by higher revenues in Consumer retail driven by FiOS services. FiOS represented approximately 65% of Consumer retail revenue during 2012, compared to approximately 58% during 2011. As the FiOS products mature, we continue to seek ways to increase incremental revenue and further realize operating and capital efficiencies as well as maximize profitability. As more applications are developed for this high-speed service, we expect that FiOS will become a hub for managing a multitude of home services that will eventually be part of the digital grid, including not just entertainment and communications, but also machine-to-machine communications, such as home monitoring, home health care, energy management and utilities management.

Also positively impacting Wireline’s revenues during 2012 was a 6.3% increase in Strategic services revenue, which represented 53% of total Global Enterprise revenues during 2012. However, total Global Enterprise and Global Wholesale revenues declined as customers continue to be adversely affected by the economy, resulting in decreased discretionary spending and delayed purchasing decisions. To compensate for the shrinking market for traditional voice service, we continue to build our Wireline segment around data, video and advanced business services—areas where demand for reliable high-speed connections is growing.

In 2012, we reached agreements with the Communications Workers of America and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers on new, three-year contracts that cover approximately 43,000 Wireline employees. The new agreements will expire on August 1, 2015.

During 2012 and 2011, we made several strategic investments to improve our competitive position:

 

   

In 2012, we completed separate transactions with SpectrumCo, LLC (SpectrumCo) and Cox TMI Wireless, LLC to acquire Advanced Wireless Service (AWS) spectrum. We also completed a series of purchase and exchange transactions for AWS and PCS licenses and a


 

700 megahertz (MHz) lower A block license. In addition, during January 2013, we agreed to sell a portion of our 700 MHz B block licenses, which upon receipt of regulatory approval, will result in the completion of our previously announced open sale process for all of our 700 MHz lower A and B block spectrum licenses. These transactions will allow us to meet the continued demand for wireless services.

 

   

On June 1, 2012, we agreed to acquire HUGHES Telematics for approximately $12 per share in cash for a total acquisition price of $0.6 billion and we completed the acquisition on July 26, 2012. The acquisition has accelerated our ability to bring more telematics offerings to market for existing and new HUGHES Telematics and Verizon customers.

 

   

In February 2012, we entered into a venture with Redbox Automated Retail, LLC, a subsidiary of Coinstar, Inc., to offer customers nationwide access to media rentals through online and mobile content streaming as well as physical media rentals through Redbox kiosks. In December 2012, the venture introduced its product portfolio, which includes subscription services, under the name Redbox Instant by Verizon.

 

   

In 2011, Verizon Wireless entered into commercial agreements, modified in 2012, with affiliates of Comcast Corporation, Time Warner Cable, Bright House Networks and Cox Communications Inc. (the cable companies). Through these agreements, the cable companies and Verizon Wireless became agents to sell certain of one another’s products and services and, over time, the cable companies will have the option, subject to the terms and conditions of the agreements, of selling Verizon Wireless service on a wholesale basis.

 

   

In 2011, we acquired Terremark Worldwide Inc. (Terremark), a global provider of information technology infrastructure and cloud services. This acquisition enhanced our competitive position in managed hosting and cloud services offerings to business and government customers globally and is contributing to our growth in revenues. Additionally, in 2011, we acquired a provider of cloud software technology, which has further enhanced our offerings of cloud services. We expect our provisioning of cloud services to be instrumental to our future growth as it allows us to meet the evolving demands of our customers.

Investing in innovative technology like wireless networks, high-speed fiber and cloud services has positioned Verizon at the center of the growth trends of the future. By investing in our own capabilities, we are also investing in the markets we serve by making sure our communities have an efficient, reliable infrastructure for competing in the information economy. We are committed to putting our customers first and being a responsible member of our communities. Guided by this commitment and by our core values of integrity, respect, performance excellence and accountability, we believe we are well-positioned to produce a long-term return for our shareowners, create meaningful work for ourselves and provide something of lasting value for society.

During 2012, we purchased a single premium group annuity contract from The Prudential Insurance Company of America and Prudential Financial Inc.

In the sections that follow, we provide information about the important aspects of our operations and investments, both at the consolidated and segment levels, and discuss our results of operations, financial position and sources and uses of cash. In addition, we highlight key trends and uncertainties to the extent practicable.

Trends

We expect that competition will continue to intensify with traditional, non-traditional and emerging service providers seeking increased market share. We believe that our networks differentiate us from our competitors, enabling us to provide enhanced communications experiences to our customers. We believe our focus on the fundamentals of running a good business, including operating excellence and financial discipline, gives us the ability to plan and manage through changing economic conditions. We will continue to invest for growth, which we believe is the key to creating value for our shareowners.

Connection and Operating Trends

In our Wireless segment, we expect to continue to attract and maintain the loyalty of high-quality retail postpaid customers, capitalizing on demand for data services and bringing our customers new ways of using wireless services in their daily lives. We expect that future connection growth will continue as we introduce new smartphones, Internet devices such as tablets and our suite of 4G LTE devices. We believe these devices will attract and retain higher value retail postpaid connections, contribute to continued increases in the penetration of data services and keep our device line-up competitive versus other wireless carriers. We expect future growth opportunities will be dependent on expanding the penetration of our network services, offering innovative wireless devices for both consumer and business customers and increasing the number of ways that our customers can connect with our network and services.

In recent years, we have experienced continuing access line losses in our Wireline segment as customers have disconnected both primary and secondary lines and switched to alternative technologies such as wireless, VoIP and cable for voice and data services. We expect to continue to experience access line losses as customers continue to switch to alternate technologies.

Despite this challenging environment, we expect that we will continue to grow key aspects of our wireline business by providing superior network reliability, offering innovative product bundles that include high-speed Internet access, digital television and local and long distance voice services,


offering more robust IP products and service, and accelerating our cloud computing strategy. We will also continue to focus on cost efficiencies to attempt to offset adverse impacts from unfavorable economic conditions and intense competitive pressure.

Operating Revenue

We expect to experience service revenue growth in our Verizon Wireless segment in 2013, primarily as a result of continued growth in postpaid connections driven by increased sales of smartphones and other data-capable devices. We expect that retail postpaid average revenue per account (ARPA) will continue to increase as connections migrate from basic phones to smartphone devices and as the average number of connections per account increases which we expect to be driven by our new Share Everything plans that allow for the sharing of data among up to 10 devices. We expect that our future service revenue growth will be substantially derived from an increase in the sale and usage of innovative wireless smartphones and other data-capable devices in addition to our new pricing structure that will encourage customers to continue adding data-enabled devices onto existing accounts.

During 2012, we experienced an increase in Wireless equipment and other revenue as a result of sales of new smartphone devices, including our 4G LTE-capable devices. We expect that continued emphasis on increasing smartphone penetration will positively impact equipment revenue as these devices typically carry higher price points than basic phones.

We expect FiOS broadband and video penetration to positively impact our Mass Markets revenue and subscriber base and we also expect Strategic services revenue to continue to grow as we derive additional enterprise revenues from cloud, security and other solutions-based services and customers continue to migrate their services to Private IP and other strategic networking services. We believe the trend in these growth areas as well as new offerings in telematics and video streaming will help offset the continuing decline in revenues in our Wireline segment related to retail voice connection losses as a result of wireless substitution as well as the continued decline in our legacy wholesale and enterprise markets.

Operating Costs and Expenses

We anticipate our overall wireless operating costs will increase as a result of the expected increase in the volume of smartphone sales, which will result in higher equipment and sales commission costs. In addition, we expect content costs for our FiOS video services to continue to increase. However, we expect to achieve certain cost efficiencies in 2013 and beyond as data traffic continues to migrate to our lower-cost 4G LTE network and as we continue to streamline our business processes with a focus on improving productivity and increasing profitability.

Capital Expenditures

Our 2013 capital program includes capital to fund advanced networks and services, including 4G LTE and FiOS, the continued expansion of our core networks, including our IP and data center enhancements, maintenance and support for our legacy voice networks and other expenditures to drive operating efficiencies. The level and the timing of the Company’s capital expenditures within these broad categories can vary significantly as a result of a variety of factors outside our control, including, for example, material weather events. We are replacing damaged copper wire with fiber-optic cable which will not alter our capital program but should result in lower maintenance costs. Capital expenditures were approximately $16 billion in 2012 and 2011, respectively. We believe that we have significant discretion over the amount and timing of our capital expenditures on a Company-wide basis as we are not subject to any agreement that would require significant capital expenditures on a designated schedule or upon the occurrence of designated events. We expect capital expenditures as a percentage of revenue to decline in 2013 from levels in 2012.

Cash Flow from Operations

We create value for our shareowners by investing the cash flows generated by our business in opportunities and transactions that support continued profitable growth, thereby increasing customer satisfaction and usage of our products and services. In addition, we have used our cash flows to maintain and grow our dividend payout to shareowners. Verizon’s Board of Directors increased the Company’s quarterly dividend by 3.0% during 2012, making this the sixth consecutive year in which we have raised our dividend.

Our goal is to use our cash to create long-term value for our shareholders. We will continue to look for investment opportunities that will help us to grow the business. When appropriate, we will also use our cash to reduce our debt levels and to buy back shares of our outstanding common stock, and Verizon Wireless may make distributions to its partners (see “Cash Flows from Financing Activities”). There were no repurchases of common stock during 2012, 2011 or 2010. Through February 15, 2013, we purchased approximately 3.50 million shares under our current share buyback authorization.

Other

We do not currently expect that legislative efforts relating to climate control will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial results or financial condition. We believe there may be opportunities for companies to increase their use of communications services, including those we provide, in order to minimize the environmental impact of their businesses.


Consolidated Results of Operations

In this section, we discuss our overall results of operations and highlight items of a non-operational nature that are not included in our segment results. We have two reportable segments, Verizon Wireless and Wireline, which we operate and manage as strategic business units and organize by products and services. In “Segment Results of Operations,” we review the performance of our two reportable segments.

Corporate, eliminations and other includes unallocated corporate expenses such as certain pension and other employee benefit related costs, intersegment eliminations recorded in consolidation, the results of other businesses such as our investments in unconsolidated businesses, lease financing and divested operations, and other adjustments and gains and losses that are not allocated in assessing segment performance due to their non-operational nature. Although such transactions are excluded from the business segment results, they are included in reported consolidated earnings. Gains and losses that are not individually significant are included in all segment results as these items are included in the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance. We believe that this presentation assists users of our financial statements in better understanding our results of operations and trends from period to period.

Corporate, eliminations and other during 2010 included a one-time non-cash adjustment of $0.2 billion primarily to adjust wireless service revenues. This adjustment was recorded to properly defer previously recognized wireless service revenues that were earned and recognized in future periods. The adjustment was not material to the consolidated financial statements (see “Other Items”). In addition, the results of operations related to the divestitures we completed in 2010 (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”) are included in Corporate, eliminations and other, as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Impact of Divested Operations

        

Operating revenues

   $      $      $ 2,407  

Cost of services and sales

                     574  

Selling, general and administrative expense

                     665  

Depreciation and amortization expense

                     413  

 

Consolidated Revenues

 

        (dollars in millions)   
              Increase/(Decrease)   
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Verizon Wireless

                 

Service revenue

   $ 63,733      $ 59,157      $ 55,629      $ 4,576       7.7    $ 3,528       6.3 

Equipment and other

     12,135        10,997        7,778        1,138       10.3       3,219       41.4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

     75,868        70,154        63,407        5,714       8.1       6,747       10.6  

Wireline

                 

Mass Markets

     16,702        16,337        16,256        365       2.2       81       0.5  

Global Enterprise

     15,299        15,622        15,316        (323     (2.1     306       2.0  

Global Wholesale

     7,240        7,973        8,746        (733     (9.2     (773     (8.8

Other

     539        750        909        (211     (28.1     (159     (17.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

     39,780        40,682        41,227        (902     (2.2     (545     (1.3

Corporate, eliminations and other

     198        39        1,931        159       nm        (1,892     (98.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Consolidated Revenues

   $ 115,846      $ 110,875      $ 106,565      $ 4,971       4.5     $ 4,310       4.0  
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

nm – not meaningful

                 

2012 Compared to 2011

The increase in consolidated revenues during 2012 compared to 2011 was primarily due to higher revenues at Verizon Wireless, as well as higher Mass Markets revenues driven by FiOS services and increased Strategic services revenues within Global Enterprise at our Wireline segment. Partially offsetting these increases were lower Global Wholesale and Global Enterprise Core revenues at our Wireline segment.

Verizon Wireless’ revenues increased during 2012 compared to 2011 due to growth in both service and equipment and other revenue. Service revenue increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily driven by higher retail postpaid service revenue, which increased largely as a result of an increase in retail postpaid connections of 5.1 million in 2012, as well as the continued increase in penetration of higher priced smartphones. Retail postpaid connections per account increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to the increased use of tablets and other Internet devices. In


2012, the increase in retail postpaid connection net additions was primarily due to an increase in retail postpaid and prepaid connection gross additions and improvements in our retail connections churn rate. Higher retail postpaid connection gross additions during 2012 primarily reflect the launch of our Share Everything plans coupled with new device introductions during the second half of 2012.

Equipment and other revenue increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to an increase in device upgrade fees, regulatory fees and equipment sales.

Wireline’s revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily driven by declines in Global Wholesale, Global Enterprise Core and Other revenues, partially offset by higher revenues in Mass Markets driven by FiOS services and higher revenues from Strategic services.

Mass Markets revenues increased during 2012 compared to 2011 due to the expansion of FiOS services (Voice, Internet and Video) as well as changes in our pricing strategy adopted in 2012, partially offset by the continued decline of local exchange revenues.

Global Enterprise revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to lower local services and traditional circuit-based revenues, a decline in customer premise equipment revenues and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation. This decrease was partially offset by higher Strategic services revenues, primarily due to growth in advanced services, such as managed network solutions, contact center solutions, IP communications and our cloud and data center offerings.

Global Wholesale revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to a decline in traditional voice revenues as a result of decreased minutes of use (MOUs) and a decline in domestic wholesale connections, partially offset by continuing demand for high-speed digital data services from fiber-to-the-cell customers upgrading their core data circuits to Ethernet facilities as well as Ethernet migrations from other core customers.

Other revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to reduced volumes, including former MCI mass market customer losses.

2011 Compared to 2010

The increase in consolidated revenues during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily due to higher revenues at Verizon Wireless, the expansion of FiOS services and increased revenues from Strategic services at our Wireline segment. In addition, the increase during 2011 was partially offset by the impact of divested operations.

The increase in Verizon Wireless’ revenues during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily due to growth in both service and equipment revenue. Service revenue increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily driven by higher retail postpaid service revenue, which increased as a result of an increase in retail postpaid connections of 4.3 million in 2011 as well as the continued increase in penetration of higher priced smartphones. Retail postpaid connections per account increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to the increased use of tablets and other Internet devices.

Equipment and other revenue increased during 2011 compared to 2010 due to an increase in the sales volume of smartphones to new and upgrading customers.

The decrease in Wireline’s revenues during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily driven by declines in Global Wholesale, and Global Enterprise Core and Other revenues. The decrease in Global Wholesale revenues was primarily due to a $0.4 billion decline in international voice revenues as a result of decreased MOUs in traditional voice products as a result of increases in voice termination pricing on certain international routes. Global Enterprise Core revenues declined primarily due to lower customer premise equipment revenues, reflecting our focus on improving margins by de-emphasizing sales of equipment that are not a part of an overall enterprise solutions bundle, as well as customers migrating to next generation IP services. Other Wireline revenue also decreased primarily as a result of former MCI mass market customer losses. These revenue declines were partially offset by continued revenue growth in Global Enterprise Strategic services, in part due to the inclusion of the revenues of Terremark, and in Mass Markets, primarily due to the expansion of FiOS services (Voice, Internet and Video), partially offset by the decline of local exchange revenues.


Consolidated Operating Expenses

 

              (dollars in millions)   
              Increase/(Decrease)   
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Cost of services and sales

   $ 46,275      $ 45,875      $ 44,149      $ 400       0.9    $ 1,726        3.9 

Selling, general and administrative expense

     39,951        35,624        31,366        4,327       12.1       4,258        13.6  

Depreciation and amortization expense

     16,460        16,496        16,405        (36     (0.2     91        0.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

Consolidated Operating Expenses

   $ 102,686      $ 97,995      $ 91,920      $ 4,691       4.8     $ 6,075        6.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

Consolidated operating expenses increased during 2012 and 2011 primarily due to higher non-operational charges (see “Other Items”) as well as increased operating expenses at Verizon Wireless. The changes in consolidated operating expenses during 2011 were also favorably impacted by divested operations.

2012 Compared to 2011

Cost of Services and Sales

Cost of services and sales includes the following costs directly attributable to a service or product: salaries and wages, benefits, materials and supplies, content costs, contracted services, network access and transport costs, wireless equipment costs, customer provisioning costs, computer systems support, costs to support our outsourcing contracts and technical facilities and contributions to the Universal Service Fund. Aggregate customer care costs, which include billing and service provisioning, are allocated between Cost of services and sales and Selling, general and administrative expense.

Cost of services and sales increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to higher cost of equipment sales, increased cost of network services and increased data roaming, partially offset by a decrease in cost for data services, a decrease in network connection costs and a decrease in the cost of long distance at our Verizon Wireless segment. Also contributing to the increase were higher content costs associated with continued FiOS subscriber growth and vendor rate increases, increased expenses related to our cloud and data center offering, higher costs related to FiOS installation as well as higher repair and maintenance expenses caused by storm-related events in 2012, partially offset by declines in access costs and customer premise equipment costs at our Wireline segment.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense includes: salaries and wages and benefits not directly attributable to a service or product; bad debt charges; taxes other than income taxes; advertising and sales commission costs; customer billing; call center and information technology costs; regulatory fees; professional service fees; and rent and utilities for administrative space. Also included are a portion of the aggregate customer care costs as discussed above.

Selling, general and administrative expense increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to higher non-operational charges noted in the table below as well as higher sales commission expense and costs associated with regulatory fees at our Verizon Wireless segment.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to a decrease in depreciable assets at our Wireline segment, partially offset by an increase in amortization expense related to non-network software.

2011 Compared to 2010

Cost of Services and Sales

Cost of services and sales increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to higher cost of equipment sales at our Verizon Wireless segment, as well as increased costs at our Wireline segment related to repair and maintenance expenses caused by storm-related events during 2011, higher content costs associated with continued FiOS subscriber growth and the acquisition of Terremark in the second quarter of 2011. Partially offsetting the increase were lower non-operational charges noted in the table below, a decrease in access costs resulting primarily from management actions to reduce exposure to unprofitable international wholesale routes and declines in overall wholesale long distance volumes.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to higher severance, pension and benefit charges and costs caused by storm-related events as well as higher sales commission expense at our Verizon Wireless segment. Partially offsetting the


increase was the absence of merger integration and acquisition related charges and access line spin-off charges during 2011 and a decrease in compensation expense at our Wireline segment.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased during 2011 compared to 2010 as a result of growth in depreciable assets at our Wireless segment and the acquisition of Terremark in the second quarter of 2011, partially offset by lower non-operational charges noted in the table below and amortization expense as a result of a reduction in capitalized non-network software at our Wireline segment. The change in depreciation and amortization expense was also partially attributable to the impact of divested operations.

Non-operational Charges

Non-operational charges included in operating expenses (see “Other Items”) were as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,      2012        2011        2010  

Severance, Pension and Benefit Charges

        

Cost of services and sales

   $ –       $ –       $ 1,723  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     7,186        5,954        1,331  
  

 

 

 
     7,186        5,954        3,054  

Merger Integration and Acquisition Related Charges

        

Cost of services and sales

    
– 
  
     –         376  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    
– 
  
     –         389  

Depreciation and amortization expense

    
– 
  
     –         102  
  

 

 

 
    
– 
  
    
– 
  
     867  

Access Line Spin-off Related Charges

        

Cost of services and sales

    
– 
  
    
– 
  
     42  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     –          –          365  
  

 

 

 
     –          –          407  

Litigation Settlements

        

Selling, general and administrative expense

     384        –          –   

Other Costs

        

Cost of sales and services

     40        –          –   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     236       
– 
  
     –   
  

 

 

 
     276        –          –   
  

 

 

 

Total non-operating charges included in operating expenses

   $ 7,846      $ 5,954      $ 4,328  
  

 

 

 

See “Other Items” for a description of other non-operational items.


Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA

Consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization expenses (Consolidated EBITDA) and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, which are presented below, are non-GAAP measures and do not purport to be alternatives to operating income as a measure of operating performance. Management believes that these measures are useful to investors and other users of our financial information in evaluating operating profitability on a more variable cost basis as they exclude the depreciation and amortization expense related primarily to capital expenditures and acquisitions that occurred in prior years, as well as in evaluating operating performance in relation to our competitors. Consolidated EBITDA is calculated by adding back interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, equity in earnings of unconsolidated businesses and other income and (expense), net to net income.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by excluding the effect of non-operational items and the impact of divested operations from the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA. Management believes that this measure provides additional relevant and useful information to investors and other users of our financial data in evaluating the effectiveness of our operations and underlying business trends in a manner that is consistent with management’s evaluation of business performance. See “Other Items” for additional details regarding these non-operational items and the impact of divested operations.

Operating expenses include pension and benefit related charges based on actuarial assumptions, including projected discount rates and an estimated return on plan assets. These estimates are updated in the fourth quarter to reflect actual return on plan assets and updated actuarial assumptions. The adjustment has been recognized in the income statement during the fourth quarter or upon a remeasurement event pursuant to our accounting policy for the recognition of actuarial gains/losses.

It is management’s intent to provide non-GAAP financial information to enhance the understanding of Verizon’s GAAP financial information, and it should be considered by the reader in addition to, but not instead of, the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Each non-GAAP financial measure is presented along with the corresponding GAAP measure so as not to imply that more emphasis should be placed on the non-GAAP measure. The non-GAAP financial information presented may be determined or calculated differently by other companies.

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Consolidated Operating Income

   $ 13,160      $ 12,880      $ 14,645  

Add Depreciation and amortization expense

     16,460        16,496        16,405  
  

 

 

 

Consolidated EBITDA

     29,620        29,376        31,050  

Add Non-operating charges included in operating expenses(1)

     7,846        5,954        4,226  

Add Deferred revenue adjustment

                   268  

Less Impact of divested operations(1)

                   (1,168
  

 

 

 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 37,466      $ 35,330      $ 34,376  
  

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Excludes non-operating charges included in Depreciation and amortization expense.

The changes in Consolidated Operating Income, Consolidated EBITDA and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in the table above were primarily a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses above.


Other Consolidated Results

Equity in Earnings of Unconsolidated Businesses

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated businesses decreased $120 million, or 27.0%, in 2012 compared to 2011 and $64 million, or 12.6%, in 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to lower earnings from operations at Vodafone Omnitel N.V. and, to a lesser extent, the devaluation of the Euro against the U.S. dollar.

Other Income and (Expense), Net

Additional information relating to Other income and (expense), net is as follows:

 

                       (dollars in millions)  
                       Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010     2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Interest income

   $ 57     $ 68     $ 92     $ (11     (16.2 )%    $ (24     (26.1 )% 

Foreign exchange gains (losses), net

     (1     (9     5       8       (88.9     (14     nm   

Other, net

     (1,072     (73     (43     (999     nm        (30     69.8  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

   $ (1,016   $ (14   $ 54     $ (1,002     nm      $ (68     nm   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

nm – not meaningful

Other income and (expense), net decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily driven by higher fees of $1.1 billion related to the early redemption of debt (see “Other Items”).

Other income and (expense), net decreased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily driven by higher fees related to the early redemption of debt (see “Other Items”) and foreign exchange losses at our international wireline operations, partially offset by gains on sales of short-term investments.

Interest Expense

 

                       (dollars in millions)  
                       Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010     2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Total interest costs on debt balances

   $ 2,977     $ 3,269     $ 3,487     $ (292     (8.9 )%    $ (218     (6.3 )% 

Less Capitalized interest costs

     406       442       964       (36     (8.1     (522     (54.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total

   $ 2,571     $ 2,827     $ 2,523     $ (256     (9.1   $ 304       12.0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Average debt outstanding

   $ 52,949     $ 55,629     $ 57,278          

Effective interest rate

     5.6     5.9     6.1        

Total interest costs on debt balances decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to a $2.7 billion decrease in average debt (see “Consolidated Financial Condition”) and a lower effective interest rate. Capitalized interest costs were lower in 2012 primarily due to our ongoing deployment of the 4G LTE network.

Total interest costs on debt balances decreased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to a $1.6 billion decrease in average debt (see “Consolidated Financial Condition”) and a lower effective interest rate. Capitalized interest costs were lower in 2011 primarily due to our ongoing deployment of the 4G LTE network.

 


Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes

 

                       (dollars in millions)  
                       Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010     2012 vs. 2011      2011 vs. 2010  

Provision (Benefit) for income taxes

   $ (660)      $ 285     $ 2,467     $ (945)         nm       $ (2,182)         (88.4)

Effective income tax rate

     (6.7)     2.7      19.4            

nm—not meaningful

The effective income tax rate is calculated by dividing the provision for income taxes by income before the provision for income taxes. Our effective income tax rate is significantly lower than the statutory federal income tax rate for all years presented due to the inclusion of income attributable to Vodafone Group Plc.’s (Vodafone) noncontrolling interest in the Verizon Wireless partnership within our income before the provision for income taxes. In 2012, we recorded a tax benefit on income before the provision for income taxes, which resulted in a negative effective income tax rate. In this circumstance, including the income attributable to Vodafone’s noncontrolling interest in the Verizon Wireless partnership in our income before the provision for income taxes resulted in our negative effective tax rate being 300.3 percentage points higher during 2012. In 2011 and 2010, we recorded a tax provision on income before the provision for income taxes and when we include the income attributable to Vodafone’s noncontrolling interest in the Verizon Wireless partnership in our income before the provision for income taxes it resulted in our effective income tax rate being 7.9 percentage points lower during 2011 and 29.8 percentage points lower during 2010.

The effective income tax rate for 2012 was (6.7)% compared to 2.7% for 2011. The negative effective income tax rate for 2012 and the decrease in the provision for income taxes during 2012 compared to 2011 was primarily due to lower income before income taxes as a result of higher severance, pension, and benefit charges as well as early debt redemption costs recorded in the current year.

The effective income tax rate in 2011 decreased to 2.7% from 19.4% in 2010. This decrease was primarily driven by lower income before provision for income taxes as a result of higher pension and benefit charges recorded in 2011 as well as tax benefits from state valuation allowance reversals in 2011. The decrease was also due to a one-time, non-cash income tax charge of $1.0 billion recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2010 as a result of the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, both of which became law in March 2010 (collectively the Health Care Act). Under the Health Care Act, beginning in 2013, Verizon and other companies that receive a subsidy under Medicare Part D to provide retiree prescription drug coverage will no longer receive a federal income tax deduction for the expenses incurred in connection with providing the subsidized coverage to the extent of the subsidy received. Because future anticipated retiree prescription drug plan liabilities and related subsidies are already reflected in Verizon’s financial statements, this change in law required Verizon to reduce the value of the related tax benefits recognized in its financial statements in the period during which the Health Care Act was enacted.

A reconciliation of the statutory federal income tax rate to the effective income tax rate for each period is included in Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest

 

                          (dollars in millions)  
                          Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

   $ 9,682      $ 7,794      $ 7,668      $ 1,888        24.2    $ 126        1.6 

The increases in Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest during 2012 compared to 2011, and 2011 compared to 2010 were due to higher earnings in our Verizon Wireless segment, which has a 45% noncontrolling partnership interest attributable to Vodafone.

 


Segment Results of Operations

We have two reportable segments, Verizon Wireless and Wireline, which we operate and manage as strategic business units and organize by products and services. We measure and evaluate our reportable segments based on segment operating income. The use of segment operating income is consistent with the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance.

Segment earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (Segment EBITDA), which is presented below, is a non-GAAP measure and does not purport to be an alternative to operating income as a measure of operating performance. Management believes that this measure is useful to investors and other users of our financial information in evaluating operating profitability on a more variable cost basis as it excludes the depreciation and amortization expenses related primarily to capital expenditures and acquisitions that occurred in prior years, as well as in evaluating operating performance in relation to our competitors. Segment EBITDA is calculated by adding back depreciation and amortization expense to segment operating income.

Verizon Wireless Segment EBITDA service margin, also presented below, is calculated by dividing Verizon Wireless Segment EBITDA by Verizon Wireless service revenues. Verizon Wireless Segment EBITDA service margin utilizes service revenues rather than total revenues. Service revenues primarily exclude equipment revenues in order to reflect the impact of providing service to the wireless customer base on an ongoing basis. Verizon Wireline EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing Wireline EBITDA by total Wireline revenues. You can find additional information about our segments in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements.

 


Verizon Wireless

Our Verizon Wireless segment is primarily comprised of Cellco Partnership doing business as Verizon Wireless. Cellco Partnership is a joint venture formed in April 2000 by the combination of the U.S. wireless operations and interests of Verizon and Vodafone. Verizon owns a controlling 55% interest in Verizon Wireless and Vodafone owns the remaining 45%. Verizon Wireless provides wireless communications services across one of the most extensive wireless networks in the United States.

We provide these services and equipment sales to consumer, business and government customers in the United States on a postpaid and prepaid basis. Postpaid connections represent individual lines of service for which a customer is billed in advance a monthly access charge in return for a monthly network service allowance, and usage beyond the allowances is billed monthly in arrears. Our prepaid service enables individuals to obtain wireless services without a long-term contract or credit verification by paying for all services in advance.

All financial results included in the tables below reflect the consolidated results of Verizon Wireless.

Operating Revenues and Selected Operating Statistics

 

                       (dollars in millions, except ARPA)  
           Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,      2012       2011       2010       2012 vs. 2011        2011 vs. 2010   

Retail service

   $ 61,440     $ 56,660     $ 53,308     $ 4,780       8.4    $ 3,352        6.3 

Other service

     2,293       2,497       2,321       (204     (8.2     176        7.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

    

Service revenue

     63,733       59,157       55,629       4,576       7.7       3,528        6.3  

Equipment and other

     12,135       10,997       7,778       1,138       10.3       3,219        41.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

    

Total Operating Revenues

   $ 75,868     $ 70,154     $ 63,407     $ 5,714       8.1     $ 6,747        10.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

    

Connections (‘000):(1)

               

Retail connections

     98,230       92,167       87,535       6,063       6.6       4,632        5.3  

Retail postpaid connections

     92,530       87,382       83,125       5,148       5.9       4,257        5.1  

Net additions in period (‘000):(2)

               

Retail connections

     5,917       4,624       1,977       1,293       28.0       2,647        nm   

Retail postpaid connections

     5,024       4,252       2,529       772       18.2       1,723        68.1  

Churn Rate:

               

Retail connections

     1.19     1.26     1.38         

Retail postpaid connections

     0.91     0.95     1.02         

Account Statistics:

               

Retail postpaid ARPA

   $ 144.04     $ 134.51     $ 125.75     $ 9.53       7.1     $ 8.76        7.0  

Retail postpaid accounts (‘000):(1)

     35,057       34,561       34,268       496       1.4       293        0.9  

Retail postpaid connections per account(1)

     2.64       2.53       2.43       0.11       4.3       0.10        4.1  

 

(1) 

As of end of period

(2) 

Excluding acquisitions and adjustments

nm

– not meaningful

2012 Compared to 2011

The increase in Verizon Wireless’ total operating revenues during 2012 compared to 2011 was the result of growth in both service and equipment and other revenue.

Accounts and Connections

Retail (non-wholesale) postpaid accounts represent retail customers under contract with Verizon Wireless that are directly served and managed by Verizon Wireless and use its branded services. Accounts include single connection plans, family plans, Share Everything plans and corporate accounts. A single account may receive monthly wireless services for a variety of connected devices. Retail connections represent our retail customer device connections. Churn is the rate at which service to a connection is terminated.

 


Retail connections under an account may include smartphones, basic phones, Home Phone Connect, Home Fusion, tablets, and other Internet devices. We expect to continue to experience retail connection growth based on the strength of our product offerings and network service quality. Retail connection net additions increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to an increase in retail postpaid and prepaid connection gross additions and improvements in our retail connections churn rate. Higher retail postpaid connection gross additions during 2012 primarily reflect the launch of our Share Everything plans coupled with new device introductions during the second half of 2012.

Retail Postpaid Connections per Account

Retail postpaid connections per account is calculated by dividing the total number of retail postpaid connections by the average number of retail postpaid accounts in the period. Retail postpaid connections per account increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to the increased use of tablets and other Internet devices.

Service Revenue

Service revenue increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily driven by higher retail postpaid service revenue, which increased largely as a result of an increase in retail postpaid connections of 5.1 million in 2012, as well as the continued increase in penetration of higher priced smartphones. This increased penetration also contributed to the increase in our retail postpaid ARPA (the average revenue per account from retail postpaid accounts).

The increase in retail postpaid ARPA during 2012 compared to 2011 was primarily driven by increases in smartphone penetration and retail postpaid connections per account. During 2012, we experienced a 4.3% increase in retail postpaid connections per account compared to 2011, with smartphones representing 58.1% of our retail postpaid phone base as of December 31, 2012 compared to 43.5% as of December 31, 2011. The increase in retail postpaid connections per account is primarily due to increases in Internet data devices, which represented 9.3% of our retail postpaid connection base as of December 31, 2012 compared to 8.1% as of December 31, 2011 primarily due to strong sales of tablets and JetpacksTM.

Other service revenue decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily as a result of a decrease in third party roaming revenue.

Equipment and Other Revenue

Equipment and other revenue increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to increases in device upgrade fees, regulatory fees and equipment sales.

2011 Compared to 2010

The increase in Verizon Wireless’ total operating revenue during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily due to growth in both service and equipment revenue.

Accounts and Connections

Retail connections increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to an increase in retail postpaid and prepaid connection gross additions as well as ongoing improvements in our retail connection churn rate, both of which we believe were primarily the result of the strength of the devices in our product portfolio, including the Apple iPhone 4 and 4S, and our line-up of 3G and 4G Android and other 4G LTE capable devices, as well as the reliability of our network.

Retail Postpaid Connections per Account

Retail postpaid connections per account increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to the increased use of tablets and other Internet devices.

Service Revenue

Service revenue increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily driven by higher retail postpaid service revenue which increased as a result of an increase in retail postpaid connections of 4.3 million as well as the continued increase in penetration of higher priced smartphones, which also contributed to the increase in our retail postpaid ARPA.

The increase in retail postpaid ARPA for 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily driven by increases in smartphone penetration and in retail postpaid connections per account. The proportion of our retail postpaid phone base utilizing smartphones increased to 43.5% as of December 31, 2011 compared to 28.1% as of December 31, 2010 and retail postpaid connections per account increased by 4.1% during 2011 compared to 2010. The increase in retail postpaid connections per account is primarily due to increases in Internet data devices, which represented 8.1% of our retail postpaid connection base as of December 31, 2011 compared to 7.0 % as of December 31, 2010 primarily due to strong sales of Jetpacks.


Other service revenue increased during 2011 compared to 2010 as a result of year-to-date growth in wholesale and other connections, partially offset by a decrease in third party roaming revenue.

Equipment and Other Revenue

Equipment and other revenue increased during 2011 compared to 2010 due to an increase in the sales volume of smartphones to new and upgrading customers.

Operating Expenses

 

            (dollars in millions)  
            Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Cost of services and sales

   $ 24,490      $ 24,086      $ 19,245      $ 404       1.7   $ 4,841        25.2

Selling, general and administrative expense

     21,650        19,579        18,082        2,071       10.6       1,497        8.3   

Depreciation and amortization expense

     7,960        7,962        7,356        (2            606        8.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

Total Operating Expenses

   $ 54,100      $ 51,627      $ 44,683      $ 2,473       4.8     $ 6,944        15.5  
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

Cost of Services and Sales

Cost of services and sales increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to $0.7 billion in higher cost of equipment sales, which was driven by increased sales of higher cost smartphones, increased cost of network services and increased data roaming, partially offset by a decrease in cost for data services, a decrease in network connection costs due to the ongoing deployment of Ethernet backhaul facilities primarily targeted at sites upgrading to 4G LTE and a decrease in the cost of long distance.

Cost of services and sales increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to higher costs of equipment sales. Cost of equipment sales increased by $4.9 billion driven by increased sales of higher cost smartphones, including Apple’s iPhone 4 and 4S and other data-capable devices. In addition, cost of services increased during 2011 due to higher wireless network costs resulting from an increase in local interconnection costs related to additional Evolution-Data Optimized (EV-DO) capacity to meet expected data usage demands as well as an increase in Ethernet facilities costs that support the 4G LTE network. The increase in cost of services was also impacted by higher roaming costs incurred in markets divested during 2010 and increased data roaming. Partially offsetting these increases was a decrease in costs for long distance and data services and applications.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to higher sales commission expense in our indirect channel as well as costs associated with regulatory fees. Indirect sales commission expense increased $1.3 billion during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily as a result of increases in the average commission per unit, as the mix of units continues to shift toward smartphones and more customers activate data services.

Selling, general and administrative expense increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to higher sales commission expense in our indirect channel. Indirect sales commission expense increased $1.2 billion during 2011 compared to 2010 as a result of increases in the average commission per unit, as the mix of units continues to shift toward data devices and more customers activate data services, and increased contract renewals in connection with equipment upgrades.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense was essentially unchanged during 2012 compared to 2011. The increase in depreciation and amortization expense during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily driven by growth in depreciable assets.


Segment Operating Income and EBITDA

 

           (dollars in millions)   
                       Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010     2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010  

Segment Operating Income

   $ 21,768     $ 18,527     $ 18,724     $ 3,241       17.5   $ (197     (1.1 )% 

Add Depreciation and amortization expense

     7,960       7,962       7,356       (2            606       8.2  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Segment EBITDA

   $ 29,728     $ 26,489     $ 26,080     $ 3,239       12.2     $ 409       1.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Segment operating income margin

     28.7     26.4     29.5        

Segment EBITDA service margin

     46.6     44.8     46.9        

The changes in the table above during the periods presented were primarily a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses above.

Non-recurring or non-operational items excluded from Verizon Wireless’ Operating income were as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Merger integration and acquisition related charges

   $      $      $ 867  

Severance, pension and benefit charges

     37        76         

Impact of divested operations

                   (348

Deferred revenue adjustment

                   235  
  

 

 

 
   $ 37      $ 76      $ 754  
  

 

 

 


Wireline

The Wireline segment provides communications products and services including local exchange and long distance voice service, broadband video and data, IP network services, network access and other services to consumers, small businesses and carriers in the United States, as well as to businesses and government customers both in the United States and in over 150 other countries around the world.

Reclassifications have been made to reflect comparable operating results for the spin-off of the operations included in the Frontier transaction, which we owned through June 30, 2010 (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”).

Operating Revenues and Selected Operating Statistics

 

                         

(dollars in millions)

 
            Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010     

Consumer retail

   $ 14,043      $ 13,606      $ 13,419      $ 437       3.2    $ 187       1.4 %   

Small business

     2,659        2,731        2,837        (72     (2.6     (106     (3.7)     
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Mass Markets

     16,702        16,337        16,256        365       2.2       81       0.5     

Strategic services

     8,052        7,575        6,594        477       6.3       981       14.9     

Core

     7,247        8,047        8,722        (800     (9.9     (675     (7.7)     
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Global Enterprise

     15,299        15,622        15,316        (323     (2.1     306       2.0     

Global Wholesale

     7,240        7,973        8,746        (733     (9.2     (773     (8.8)     

Other

     539        750        909        (211     (28.1     (159     (17.5)     
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total Operating Revenues

   $ 39,780      $ 40,682      $ 41,227      $ (902     (2.2   $ (545     (1.3)     
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Connections (‘000):(1)

                 

Total voice connections

     22,503        24,137        26,001        (1,634     (6.8     (1,864     (7.2)     

Total Broadband connections

     8,795        8,670        8,392        125       1.4       278       3.3     

FiOS Internet subscribers

     5,424        4,817        4,082        607       12.6       735       18.0     

FiOS Video subscribers

     4,726        4,173        3,472        553       13.3       701       20.2     

(1) As of end of period

Wireline’s revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily driven by declines in Global Wholesale, Global Enterprise Core and Other revenues, partially offset by higher revenues in Consumer retail driven by FiOS services and higher revenues from Strategic services.

Mass Markets

Mass Markets operations provide local exchange (basic service and end-user access) and long distance (including regional toll) voice services, as well as broadband services (including high-speed Internet, FiOS Internet and FiOS Video) to Consumer retail and Small business subscribers.

2012 Compared to 2011

Mass Markets revenues increased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to the expansion of FiOS services (Voice, Internet and Video) as well as changes in our pricing strategy adopted in 2012, partially offset by the continued decline of local exchange revenues.

We have continued to grow our subscriber base and consistently improved penetration rates within our FiOS service areas during 2012. Also contributing to the increase in revenue from FiOS services were changes in our pricing strategy adopted in 2012. As of December 31, 2012, we achieved penetration rates of 37.3% and 33.3% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, compared to penetration rates of 35.5% and 31.5% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, at December 31, 2011.

Mass Markets revenues were negatively impacted by the decline of local exchange revenues primarily due to a 6.1% decline in Consumer retail voice connections resulting primarily from competition and technology substitution with wireless, VoIP, broadband and cable services. Total voice connections include traditional switched access lines in service as well as FiOS digital voice connections. There was also a decline in Small business retail voice connections, primarily reflecting challenging economic conditions, competition and a shift to both IP and high-speed circuits.


2011 Compared to 2010

Mass Markets revenues increased slightly during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to the expansion of consumer and small business FiOS services (Voice, Internet, Video), partially offset by the continued decline of local exchange revenues.

As we continued to expand the number of premises eligible to order FiOS services and our sales and marketing efforts to attract new FiOS subscribers, we continued to grow our subscriber base and consistently improved penetration rates within our FiOS service areas. Our pricing strategy allows us to provide competitive offerings to our customers and potential customers. As of December 31, 2011, we achieved penetration rates of 35.5% and 31.5% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, compared to penetration rates of 31.9% and 28.0% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, at December 31, 2010.

Mass Markets revenues were negatively impacted by the decline of local exchange revenues primarily due to a 7.2% decline in total voice connections, which resulted primarily from competition and technology substitution. Total voice connections include traditional switched access lines in service as well as FiOS digital voice connections. The majority of the decline in total voice connections was sustained in the residential retail market, which experienced a 7.3% voice connection loss primarily due to substituting traditional landline services with wireless, VoIP, broadband and cable services. There was also a 5.3% decline in small business retail voice connections, primarily reflecting challenging economic conditions, competition and a shift to both IP and high-speed circuits.

Global Enterprise

Global Enterprise offers Strategic services including network products and solutions, advanced communications services, and other core communications services to medium and large business customers, multinational corporations and state and federal government customers.

2012 Compared to 2011

Global Enterprise revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to lower local services and traditional circuit-based revenues, a decline in customer premise equipment revenues and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation. Core services, which consist of traditional circuit-based services such as frame relay, private line and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) services, declined compared to the similar period last year as our customer base continued to migrate to next generation IP services. The decline in customer premise equipment revenues reflects our focus on improving margins by continuing to de-emphasize sales of equipment that is not part of an overall enterprise solutions bundle. This decrease was partially offset by higher Strategic services revenues. Strategic services revenues increased $0.5 billion, or 6.3% during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to growth in advanced services, such as managed network solutions, contact center solutions, IP communications and our cloud and data center offerings.

2011 Compared to 2010

Global Enterprise Core and Other revenues increased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily driven by higher Strategic services revenues, in part due to the inclusion of the revenues of Terremark, partially offset by lower local services and traditional circuit-based revenues and decreased revenues from the sale of customer premise equipment. Strategic services revenues increased $1.0 billion, or 15.2%, during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to growth in advanced services. Traditional circuit-based services declined compared to the similar period last year as our customer base continues to migrate to next generation IP services. The decline in customer premise equipment revenues reflects our focus on improving margins by de-emphasizing sales of equipment that is not a part of an overall enterprise solutions bundle.

Global Wholesale

Global Wholesale provides communications services including data, voice and local dial tone and broadband services primarily to local, long distance and other carriers that use our facilities to provide services to their customers.

2012 Compared to 2011

Global Wholesale revenues decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to a decline in traditional voice revenues as a result of decreased MOUs and a 5.3% decline in domestic wholesale connections. The traditional voice product reductions are primarily due to the continued impact of competitors deemphasizing their local market initiatives coupled with the impact of technology substitution. Also contributing to the decline in voice revenues is the elimination of low margin international products and the continuing contraction of market rates due to competition. Partially offsetting the overall decrease in wholesale revenue was a continuing demand for high-speed digital data services from fiber-to-the-cell customers upgrading their core data circuits to Ethernet facilities as well as Ethernet migrations from other core customers. As a result of the customer upgrades, the number of core data circuits experienced a 9.6% decline compared to the similar periods in 2011. We expect Global Wholesale revenue to continue to decline approximately 10% per quarter compared to the similar periods in the prior year, as we believe that the continued decline in core products will only be partially offset by growth in Ethernet and IP services.

2011 Compared to 2010

The decrease in Global Wholesale revenues during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily due to a $0.4 billion decline in international voice revenues as a result of decreased MOUs in traditional voice products as a result of increases in voice termination pricing on certain international routes, which


negatively impacted volume, and continued rate compression due to competition in the marketplace. Switched access and interexchange wholesale MOUs declined primarily as a result of wireless substitution and connection losses. Domestic wholesale connections as of December 31, 2011 declined 8.3% from December 31, 2010 due to the continued impact of competitors deemphasizing their local market initiatives coupled with the impact of technology substitution. Voice and local loop services declined during 2011 compared to 2010. Partially offsetting the overall decrease in Global Wholesale revenue was a continuing demand for high-speed digital data services primarily due to fiber-to-the-cell customers upgrading their core data circuits to Ethernet facilities. As a result of the upgrading customers, the number of DS1/DS3 circuits experienced a 9.5% decline compared to the similar period in 2010.

Other

Other revenues include such services as local exchange and long distance services from former MCI mass market customers and operator services. The decrease in revenues from other services during 2012 and 2011 was primarily due to reduced volumes, including former MCI mass market customer losses.

Operating Expenses

 

            (dollars in millions)  
            Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010      2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010      

Cost of services and sales

   $ 22,413      $ 22,158      $ 22,618      $ 255       1.2    $ (460     (2.0)%   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     8,883        9,107        9,372        (224     (2.5     (265     (2.8)      

Depreciation and amortization expense

     8,424        8,458        8,469        (34     (0.4     (11     (0.1)      
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Total Operating Expenses

   $ 39,720      $ 39,723      $ 40,459      $ (3          $ (736     (1.8)      
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

   

Cost of Services and Sales

Cost of services and sales increased during 2012 compared to 2011, primarily due to higher content costs associated with continued FiOS subscriber growth and vendor rate increases and increased expenses related to our cloud and data center offerings. Cost of services and sales was also impacted by higher costs related to FiOS installation, as well as higher repair and maintenance expenses caused by storm-related events in 2012 compared to 2011. The increases were partially offset by a decline in access costs primarily from management actions to reduce exposure to unprofitable international wholesale routes and declines in overall wholesale long distance volumes. Costs related to customer premise equipment also decreased, which reflects our focus on improving margins by de-emphasizing sales of equipment that are not part of an overall enterprise solutions bundle.

Cost of services and sales decreased during 2011 compared to 2010 due to a decrease in access costs resulting primarily from management actions to reduce exposure to unprofitable international wholesale routes and declines in overall wholesale long distance volumes, as well as lower pension and other postretirement benefit expenses. The decrease was partially offset by higher costs related to repair and maintenance expenses caused by storm-related events during the third quarter of 2011, content costs associated with continued FiOS subscriber growth and the acquisition of Terremark in the second quarter of 2011.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 primarily due to lower allocations related to centralized administrative functions, and to a lesser extent, lower property and transaction tax expenses and employee costs.

Selling, general and administrative expense decreased during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to lower pension and other postretirement benefits and compensation expense, partially offset by higher costs caused by storm-related events in the third quarter of 2011, as well as the acquisition of Terremark in the second quarter of 2011.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased during 2012 compared to 2011 due to a decrease in net depreciable assets. The decrease was partially offset by an increase in amortization expense related to non-network software.

Depreciation and amortization expense was effectively flat during 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to a decrease in amortization expense as a result of a reduction in capitalized non-network software, partially offset by an increase in depreciation expense primarily due to the acquisition of Terremark in the second quarter of 2011.


Segment Operating Income and EBITDA

 

           (dollars in millions)  
           Increase/(Decrease)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010     2012 vs. 2011     2011 vs. 2010      

Segment Operating Income

   $ 60     $ 959     $ 768     $ (899     (93.7 )%    $ 191       24.9 %   

Add Depreciation and

amortization expense

     8,424       8,458       8,469       (34     (0.4     (11     (0.1)      
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Segment EBITDA

   $ 8,484     $ 9,417     $ 9,237     $ (933     (9.9   $ 180       1.9      
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

Segment operating income margin

     0.2     2.4     1.9        

Segment EBITDA margin

     21.3     23.1     22.4        

The changes in Wireline’s Operating income, Segment EBITDA and Segment EBITDA margin during the periods presented were primarily a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses above.

Non-recurring or non-operational items excluded from Wireline’s Operating income were as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Severance, pension and benefit charges

   $      $      $ 2,237  

Access line spin-off related charges

                   79  

Impact of divested operations

                   (408

Other costs

     56                
  

 

 

 
   $ 56      $      $ 1,908  
  

 

 

 


Other Items

 

Severance, Pension and Benefit Charges

During 2012, we recorded net pre-tax severance, pension and benefits charges of approximately $7.2 billion primarily for our pension and postretirement plans in accordance with our accounting policy to recognize actuarial gains and losses in the year in which they occur. The charges were primarily driven by a decrease in our discount rate assumption used to determine the current year liabilities from 5% at December 31, 2011 to a weighted-average of 4.2% at December 31, 2012 ($5.3 billion) and revisions to the retirement assumptions for participants and other assumption adjustments, partially offset by the difference between our estimated return on assets of 7.5% and our actual return on assets of 10% ($0.7 billion). As part of this charge, we also recorded $1.0 billion related to the annuitization of pension liabilities (see “Employee Benefit Plan Funded Status and Contributions”), as well as severance charges of $0.4 billion primarily for approximately 4,000 management employees.

During 2011, we recorded net pre-tax severance, pension and benefits charges of approximately $6.0 billion for our pension and postretirement plans in accordance with our accounting policy to recognize actuarial gains and losses in the year in which they occur. The charges were primarily driven by a decrease in our discount rate assumption used to determine the current year liabilities from 5.75% at December 31, 2010 to 5% at December 31, 2011 ($5.0 billion); the difference between our estimated return on assets of 8% and our actual return on assets of 5% ($0.9 billion); and revisions to the life expectancy of participants and other adjustments to assumptions.

During 2010, we recorded net pre-tax severance, pension and benefits charges of $3.1 billion. The charges during 2010 included remeasurement losses of $0.6 billion, for our pension and postretirement plans in accordance with our accounting policy to recognize actuarial gains and losses in the year in which they occur. Additionally, in 2010, we reached an agreement with certain unions on temporary enhancements to the separation programs contained in their existing collective bargaining agreements. These temporary enhancements were intended to help address a previously declared surplus of employees and to help reduce the need for layoffs. Accordingly, we recorded severance, pension and benefits charges associated with approximately 11,900 union-represented employees who volunteered for the incentive offer. These charges included $1.2 billion for severance for the 2010 separation programs mentioned above and a planned workforce reduction of approximately 2,500 employees in 2011. In addition, we recorded $1.3 billion for pension and postretirement curtailment losses and special termination benefits due to the workforce reductions.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the severance, pension and benefit charges presented above.

 

Early Debt Redemption and Other Costs

During November 2012, we recorded debt redemption costs of $0.8 billion in connection with the purchase of $0.9 billion of the $1.25 billion of 8.95% Verizon Communications Notes due 2039 in a cash tender offer.

During December 2012, we recorded debt redemption costs of $0.3 billion in connection with the early redemption of $0.7 billion of the $2.0 billion of 8.75% Verizon Communications Notes due 2018, $1.0 billion of 4.625% Verizon Virginia LLC Debentures, Series A, due March 2013 and $0.75 billion of 4.35% Verizon Communications Notes due February 2013, as well as $0.3 billion of other costs.

During November 2011, we recorded debt redemption costs of $0.1 billion in connection with the early redemption of $1.0 billion of 7.375% Verizon Communications Notes due September 2012, $0.6 billion of 6.875% Verizon Communications Notes due June 2012, $0.4 billion of 6.125% Verizon Florida Inc. Debentures due January 2013, $0.5 billion of 6.125% Verizon Maryland Inc. Debentures due March 2012 and $1.0 billion of 6.875% Verizon New York Inc. Debentures due April 2012.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the early debt redemption and other costs presented above.

 

Litigation Settlements

In the third quarter of 2012, we settled a number of patent litigation matters, including cases with ActiveVideo Networks Inc. (ActiveVideo) and TiVo Inc. (TiVo). In connection with the settlements with ActiveVideo and TiVo, we recorded a charge of $0.4 billion in the third quarter of 2012 and will pay and recognize over the next six years an additional $0.2 billion.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the litigation settlement costs presented above.


Merger Integration Charges

During 2010, we recorded pre-tax merger integration charges of $0.9 billion primarily related to the Alltel acquisition. These charges were primarily due to the decommissioning of overlapping cell sites, preacquisition contingencies, handset conversions and trade name amortization.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the merger integration charges presented above.

 

Dispositions

Access Line-Spin-off Related Charges

During 2010, we recorded pre-tax charges of $0.5 billion, primarily for costs incurred related to network, non-network software and other activities to enable the divested markets in the transaction with Frontier to operate on a stand-alone basis subsequent to the closing of the transaction; professional advisory and legal fees in connection with this transaction; and fees related to the early extinguishment of debt from the use of proceeds from the transaction (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”).

Alltel Divestiture Markets

During the second quarter of 2010, we recorded a tax charge of approximately $0.2 billion for the taxable gain associated with the Alltel Divestiture Markets (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”).

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the access line spin-off and Alltel Divestiture Markets charges presented above.

 

Medicare Part D Subsidy Charges

Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, both of which became law in March 2010 (collectively the Health Care Act), beginning in 2013, Verizon and other companies that receive a subsidy under Medicare Part D to provide retiree prescription drug coverage will no longer receive a federal income tax deduction for the expenses incurred in connection with providing the subsidized coverage to the extent of the subsidy received. Because future anticipated retiree prescription drug plan liabilities and related subsidies are already reflected in Verizon’s financial statements, this change in law required Verizon to reduce the value of the related tax benefits recognized in its financial statements in the period during which the Health Care Act was enacted. As a result, Verizon recorded a one-time, non-cash income tax charge of $1.0 billion in the first quarter of 2010 to reflect the impact of this change.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the Medicare Part D subsidy charges presented above.

 

Deferred Revenue Charges

Corporate, eliminations and other during the periods presented include a non-cash adjustment of $0.2 billion in 2010, primarily to adjust wireless service revenues. This adjustment was recorded to properly defer previously recognized wireless service revenues that were earned and recognized in future periods. The adjustment was recorded during 2010, which reduced Net income attributable to Verizon by approximately $0.1 billion.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the deferred revenue charges presented above.


Consolidated Financial Condition

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010  

Cash Flows Provided By (Used In)

      

Operating activities

   $ 31,486     $ 29,780     $ 33,363   

Investing activities

     (20,502     (17,250     (15,054

Financing activities

     (21,253     (5,836     (13,650
  

 

 

 

Increase (Decrease) In Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ (10,269   $ 6,694     $ 4,659  
  

 

 

 

We use the net cash generated from our operations to fund network expansion and modernization, repay external financing, pay dividends, repurchase Verizon common stock from time to time and invest in new businesses. Our sources of funds, primarily from operations and, to the extent necessary, from external financing arrangements, are sufficient to meet ongoing operating and investing requirements. We expect that our capital spending requirements will continue to be financed primarily through internally generated funds. Debt or equity financing may be needed to fund additional development activities or to maintain an appropriate capital structure to ensure our financial flexibility. Our cash and cash equivalents are primarily held domestically in diversified accounts and are invested to maintain principal and liquidity. Accordingly, we do not have significant exposure to foreign currency fluctuations.

The volatility in world debt and equity markets has not had a significant impact on our ability to access external financing. Our available external financing arrangements include the issuance of commercial paper, credit available under credit facilities and other bank lines of credit, vendor financing arrangements, issuances of registered debt or equity securities and privately-placed capital market securities.

On February 7, 2012, we filed a new shelf registration statement for the issuance of debt or equity securities with an aggregate offering price of up to $10 billion. In connection with this filing, the previous shelf registration statement was terminated. As of December 31, 2012, the shelf registration had an aggregate offering price of up to $5.5 billion. We may also issue short-term debt through an active commercial paper program and have a $6.2 billion credit facility to support such commercial paper issuances.

 

Cash Flows Provided By Operating Activities

Our primary source of funds continues to be cash generated from operations, primarily from Verizon Wireless. Net cash provided by operating activities during 2012 increased by $1.7 billion compared to 2011 primarily due to higher consolidated earnings, as well as improved working capital levels, due to timing differences, partially offset by an increase in pension contributions. Net cash provided by operating activities during 2012 and 2011 included net distributions received from Vodafone Omnitel of $0.3 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively.

Net cash provided by operating activities during 2011 decreased by $3.6 billion compared to 2010 primarily due to purchases for wireless devices, cash flows from divested operations (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”) and higher pension plan contributions. Net cash provided by operating activities during 2011 and 2010 included net distributions received from Vodafone Omnitel of $0.4 billion in each year.

 

Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures continue to be our primary use of capital resources as they facilitate the introduction of new products and services, enhance responsiveness to competitive challenges and increase the operating efficiency and productivity of our networks.

Capital expenditures, including capitalized software, were as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

 

 

Verizon Wireless

   $     8,857      $     8,973      $     8,438  

Wireline

     6,342        6,399        7,269  

Other

     976        872        751  
  

 

 

 
   $ 16,175      $ 16,244      $ 16,458  
  

 

 

 

Total as a percentage of revenue

     14.0%         14.7%         15.4%   


Capital expenditures declined slightly at Verizon Wireless in 2012 compared to 2011 due to the decreased investment in the capacity of our wireless EV-DO network, partially offset by the increased build-out of our 4G LTE network. Capital expenditures declined slightly at Wireline due to lower legacy spending requirements.

The increase in capital expenditures at Verizon Wireless during 2011 was primarily due to the increased investment in the capacity of our wireless EV-DO network, as well as the build-out of our 4G LTE network. The decrease in capital expenditures at Wireline during 2011 was primarily due to capital expenditures in 2010 related to the local exchange business and related activities that were spun off to Frontier, as well as lower capital expenditures related to the build-out of FiOS.

Acquisitions

During 2012, 2011 and 2010, we invested $3.9 billion, $0.2 billion and $0.8 billion, respectively, in acquisitions of wireless licenses, net. During 2012, 2011 and 2010, we also invested $0.9 billion, $1.8 billion and $0.7 billion, respectively, in acquisitions of investments and businesses, net of cash acquired.

 

 

During 2012, we paid approximately $3.9 billion net to acquire wireless licenses primarily to meet future LTE capacity needs and enable LTE expansion. Additionally, during 2012, we acquired HUGHES Telematics, a provider of telematics services, for $0.6 billion. See “Acquisitions and Divestitures” for additional details.

 

 

During April 2011, we paid approximately $1.4 billion for the equity of Terremark, which was partially offset by $0.1 billion of cash acquired (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”). See “Cash Flows From Financing Activities” below regarding the debt obligations of Terremark that were repaid during May 2011. In addition, during 2011, we acquired various wireless licenses and markets as well as a provider of cloud software technology for cash consideration that was not significant.

 

 

On August 23, 2010, Verizon Wireless acquired the net assets and related customers of six operating markets in Louisiana and Mississippi in a transaction with AT&T Inc. for cash consideration of $0.2 billion.

Dispositions

During 2012, we received cash consideration that was not significant related to the sale of some of our 700 MHz lower A and B block spectrum licenses. We acquired these licenses as part of FCC Auction 73 in 2008.

During 2010, we received cash proceeds of $2.6 billion in connection with the sale of the Alltel Divestiture Markets (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”).

Other, net

During 2011, Other, net primarily included proceeds related to the sales of long-term investments, which were not significant to our consolidated statements of income.

 

Cash Flows Used In Financing Activities

We seek to maintain a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to lower borrowing costs within reasonable risk parameters and to protect against earnings and cash flow volatility resulting from changes in market conditions. During 2012, 2011 and 2010, net cash used in financing activities was $21.3 billion, $5.8 billion and $13.7 billion, respectively.

2012

During January 2012, $1.0 billion of 5.875% Verizon New Jersey Inc. Debentures matured and were repaid. During February 2012, $0.8 billion of 5.25% Verizon Wireless Notes matured and were repaid. During July 2012, $0.8 billion of 7.0% Verizon Wireless Notes matured and were repaid. In addition, during 2012 we utilized $0.2 billion under fixed rate vendor financing facilities.

On November 2, 2012, we announced the commencement of a tender offer (the Tender Offer) to purchase for cash any and all of the outstanding $1.25 billion aggregate principal amount of 8.95% Verizon Communications Notes due 2039. In the Tender Offer that was completed November 9, 2012, $0.9 billion aggregate principal amount of the notes was purchased and $0.35 billion principal amount of the notes remains outstanding. Any accrued and unpaid interest on the principal purchased was paid to the date of purchase.

During November 2012, we issued $4.5 billion aggregate principal amount of fixed rate notes at varying maturities resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $4.47 billion, net of discounts and issuance costs. The net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, for the Tender Offer,


and to redeem $0.7 billion of $2.0 billion of 8.75% Verizon Communications Notes due 2018, $1.0 billion of 4.625% Verizon Virginia LLC Debentures, Series A due 2013 and $0.75 billion of 4.35% Verizon Communications Notes due 2013.

In addition, during 2012, various fixed rate notes totaling approximately $0.2 billion were repaid and any accrued and unpaid interest was paid to the date of payment.

See “Other Items” regarding the early debt redemption costs incurred in connection with the aforementioned repurchases and redemptions.

2011

During 2011, proceeds from long-term borrowings totaled $11.1 billion, which was primarily used to repay outstanding debt, redeem higher interest bearing debt maturing in the near term and for other general corporate purposes.

During 2011, $0.5 billion of 5.35% Verizon Communications Notes matured and were repaid, and we utilized $0.3 billion under fixed rate vendor financing facilities.

During March 2011, we issued $6.25 billion aggregate principal amount of fixed and floating rate notes at varying maturities resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $6.19 billion, net of discounts and issuance costs. The net proceeds were used for the repayment of commercial paper and other general corporate purposes, as well as to redeem $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of telephone subsidiary debt during April 2011.

The debt obligations of Terremark that were outstanding at the time of its acquisition by Verizon were repaid during the second quarter of 2011.

During November 2011, we issued $4.6 billion aggregate principal amount of fixed rate notes at varying maturities resulting in cash proceeds of approximately $4.55 billion, net of discounts and issuance costs. During November 2011, the net proceeds were used to redeem $1.6 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon Communications notes and $1.9 billion aggregate principal amount of telephone subsidiary debt. The remaining net proceeds were used for the repayment of commercial paper and other general corporate purposes. See “Other Items” regarding the early debt redemption costs incurred in connection with the aforementioned redemptions.

During December 2011, we repaid $0.9 billion upon maturity for the €0.7 billion of 7.625% Verizon Wireless Notes, and the related cross currency swap was settled. During May 2011, $4.0 billion Verizon Wireless two-year fixed and floating rate notes matured and were repaid.

2010

During 2010, Verizon received approximately $3.1 billion in cash in connection with the completion of the spin-off and merger of Spinco (see “Acquisitions and Divestitures”). This special cash payment was subsequently used to redeem $2.0 billion of 7.25% Verizon Communications Notes due December 2010 at a redemption price of 102.7% of the principal amount of the notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption, as well as other short-term borrowings. During 2010, $0.3 billion of 6.125% and $0.2 billion of 8.625% Verizon New York Inc. Debentures, $0.2 billion of 6.375% Verizon North Inc. Debentures and $0.2 billion of 6.3% Verizon Northwest Inc. Debentures matured and were repaid. In addition, during 2010 Verizon repaid $0.2 billion of floating rate vendor financing debt.

In 2010, Verizon Wireless exercised its right to redeem the outstanding $1.0 billion of aggregate floating rate notes due June 2011 at a redemption price of 100% of the principal amount of the notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. In addition, during 2010, Verizon Wireless repaid the remaining $4.0 billion of borrowings that were outstanding under a $4.4 billion Three-Year Term Loan Facility Agreement with a maturity date of September 2011 (Three-Year Term Loan Facility). As there were no borrowings outstanding under this facility, it was cancelled.

Special Distributions

In November 2012, the Board of Representatives of Verizon Wireless declared a distribution to its owners, which was paid in the fourth quarter of 2012 in proportion to their partnership interests on the payment date, in the aggregate amount of $8.5 billion. As a result, Vodafone received a cash payment of $3.8 billion and the remainder of the distribution was received by Verizon.

In July 2011, the Board of Representatives of Verizon Wireless declared a distribution to its owners, which was paid in the first quarter of 2012 in proportion to their partnership interests on the payment date, in the aggregate amount of $10 billion. As a result, Vodafone received a cash payment of $4.5 billion and the remainder of the distribution was received by Verizon.


Other, net

The change in Other, net financing activities during 2012 compared to the prior year was primarily driven by higher distributions to Vodafone, which owns a 45% noncontrolling interest in Verizon Wireless and higher early debt redemption costs (see “Other Items”). The change in Other, net financing activities during 2011 compared to 2010 was primarily driven by lower distributions to Vodafone.

Dividends

The Verizon Board of Directors determines the appropriateness of the level of our dividend payments on a periodic basis by considering such factors as long-term growth opportunities, internal cash requirements and the expectations of our shareowners. During the third quarter of 2012, the Board increased our quarterly dividend payment 3.0% to $.515 per share from $.50 per share in the same period of 2011. This is the sixth consecutive year that Verizon’s Board of Directors has approved a quarterly dividend increase. During the third quarter of 2011, the Board increased our quarterly dividend payment 2.6% to $.50 per share from $.4875 per share in the same period of 2010. During the third quarter of 2010, the Board increased our quarterly dividend payment 2.6% to $.4875 per share from $.475 per share in the same period of 2009.

During 2012, we paid $5.2 billion in dividends compared to $5.6 billion in 2011 and $5.4 billion in 2010. As in prior periods, dividend payments were a significant use of capital resources. While the dividends declared per common share increased, the total amount of cash dividends paid decreased during 2012 compared with 2011 as a portion of the dividends was satisfied through the issuance of common shares from Treasury stock, as noted below (see “Common Stock”).

Credit Facility

As of December 31, 2012, the unused borrowing capacity under a $6.2 billion three-year credit facility with a group of major financial institutions was approximately $6.1 billion. On August 13, 2012, we amended our credit facility primarily to reduce fees and borrowing costs and extend the maturity date to August 12, 2016. The credit facility does not require us to comply with financial covenants or maintain specified credit ratings, and it permits us to borrow even if our business has incurred a material adverse change. We use the credit facility to support the issuance of commercial paper, for the issuance of letters of credit and for general corporate purposes.

Net Debt and the Net Debt to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA ratio are non-GAAP financial measures that management believes are useful to investors and other users of our financial information in evaluating Verizon’s leverage. Net Debt is calculated by subtracting cash and cash equivalents from the sum of debt maturing within one year and long-term debt. For purposes of the Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA Ratio, Adjusted EBITDA (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) is calculated for the last 12 months. Management believes this presentation assists investors in understanding trends that are indicative of future operating results given the non-operational or non-recurring nature of the items excluded from the calculation.

Verizon’s ratio of net debt to Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA was 1.3x at December 31, 2012 and 1.2x at December 31, 2011. Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA excludes the effects of non-operational items (see “Other Items”).

Common Stock

Common stock has been used from time to time to satisfy some of the funding requirements of employee and shareowner plans, including 24.6 million common shares issued from Treasury stock during 2012, related to dividend payments, which had an aggregate value of $1.0 billion. On February 3, 2011, the Board of Directors replaced the previously authorized share buyback program with a new program for the repurchase of up to 100 million common shares terminating no later than the close of business on February 28, 2014. The Board also determined that no additional shares were to be purchased under the prior program. Through February 15, 2013, we purchased approximately 3.50 million shares under this authorization.

There were no repurchases of common stock during 2012, 2011 or 2010.

Credit Ratings

The debt securities of Verizon Communications and its subsidiaries continue to be accorded high ratings by the three primary rating agencies.

Although a one-level ratings downgrade would not be expected to significantly impact our access to capital, it could increase both the cost of refinancing existing debt and the cost of financing any new capital requirements. Securities ratings assigned by rating organizations are expressions of opinion and are not recommendations to buy, sell, or hold securities. A securities rating is subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization. Each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating.

Covenants

Our credit agreements contain covenants that are typical for large, investment grade companies. These covenants include requirements to pay interest and principal in a timely fashion, pay taxes, maintain insurance with responsible and reputable insurance companies, preserve our corporate


existence, keep appropriate books and records of financial transactions, maintain our properties, provide financial and other reports to our lenders, limit pledging and disposition of assets and mergers and consolidations, and other similar covenants.

We and our consolidated subsidiaries are in compliance with all debt covenants.

 

Increase (Decrease) In Cash and Cash Equivalents

Our Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2012 totaled $3.1 billion, a $10.3 billion decrease compared to Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2011 for the reasons discussed above. Our Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2011 totaled $13.4 billion, a $6.7 billion increase compared to Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2010 for the reasons discussed above.

As of December 31, 2012, Verizon Wireless cash and cash equivalents and debt outstanding totaled $0.8 billion and $10.1 billion, respectively.

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that management believes is useful to investors and other users of Verizon’s financial information in evaluating cash available to pay debt and dividends. Free cash flow is calculated by subtracting capital expenditures from net cash provided by operating activities. The following table reconciles net cash provided by operating activities to Free cash flow:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 31,486      $ 29,780      $ 33,363  

Less Capital expenditures (including capitalized software)

     16,175        16,244        16,458  
  

 

 

 

Free cash flow

   $ 15,311      $ 13,536      $ 16,905  
  

 

 

 

The changes in free cash flow during 2012, 2011 and 2010 were a result of the factors described in connection with net cash provided by operating activities and capital expenditures above.

 

Employee Benefit Plan Funded Status and Contributions

Pension Annuitization

On October 17, 2012, we, along with our subsidiary Verizon Investment Management Corp., and Fiduciary Counselors Inc., as independent fiduciary of the Verizon Management Pension Plan (the Plan), entered into a definitive purchase agreement with The Prudential Insurance Company of America (Prudential) and Prudential Financial, Inc., pursuant to which the Plan would purchase a single premium group annuity contract from Prudential.

On December 10, 2012, upon issuance of the group annuity contract by Prudential, Prudential irrevocably assumed the obligation to make future annuity payments to approximately 41,000 Verizon management retirees who began receiving pension payments from the Plan prior to January 1, 2010. The amount of each retiree’s annuity payment equals the amount of such individual’s pension benefit. In addition, the group annuity contract is intended to replicate the same rights to future payments, such as survivor benefits, that are currently offered by the Plan.

We contributed approximately $2.6 billion to the Plan between September 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 in connection with the transaction so that the Plan’s funding percentage would not decrease as a result of the transaction.

Employer Contributions

We operate numerous qualified and nonqualified pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans. These plans primarily relate to our domestic business units. During 2012 and 2011, we contributed $0.9 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively, to our qualified pension plans, excluding the pension annuitization discussed above. During 2010, contributions to our qualified pension plans were not significant. We also contributed $0.2 billion, $0.1 billion and $0.1 billion to our nonqualified pension plans in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

In an effort to reduce the risk of our portfolio strategy and better align assets with liabilities, we have shifted our strategy to one that is more liability driven, where cash flows from investments better match projected benefit payments but result in lower asset returns. We intend to reduce the likelihood that assets will decline at a time when liabilities increase (referred to as liability hedging), with the goal to reduce the risk of underfunding


to the plan and its participants and beneficiaries. Based on the revised strategy and the funded status of the plans at December 31, 2012, we expect the minimum required qualified pension plan contribution in 2013 to be immaterial. Nonqualified pension contributions are estimated to be approximately $0.1 billion in 2013.

Contributions to our other postretirement benefit plans generally relate to payments for benefits on an as-incurred basis since the other postretirement benefit plans do not have funding requirements similar to the pension plans. We contributed $1.5 billion, $1.4 billion and $1.2 billion to our other postretirement benefit plans in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Contributions to our other postretirement benefit plans are estimated to be approximately $1.5 billion in 2013.

 

Leasing Arrangements

We are the lessor in leveraged and direct financing lease agreements for commercial aircraft and power generating facilities, which comprise the majority of our leasing portfolio along with telecommunications equipment, commercial real estate property and other equipment. These leases have remaining terms of up to 38 years as of December 31, 2012. In addition, we lease space on certain of our cell towers to other wireless carriers. Minimum lease payments receivable represent unpaid rentals, less principal and interest on third-party nonrecourse debt relating to leveraged lease transactions. Since we have no general liability for this debt, which is secured by a senior security interest in the leased equipment and rentals, the related principal and interest have been offset against the minimum lease payments receivable in accordance with GAAP. All recourse debt is reflected in our consolidated balance sheets.


Off Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

The following table provides a summary of our contractual obligations and commercial commitments at December 31, 2012. Additional detail about these items is included in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

     (dollars in millions)  
     Payments Due By Period  
Contractual Obligations    Total     

Less than

1 year

     1-3 years      3-5 years     

More than

5 years

 

Long-term debt(1)

   $ 51,189      $ 3,805      $ 8,906      $ 5,417      $   33,061  

Capital lease obligations(2)

     298        64        91        71        72  
  

 

 

 

Total long-term debt, including current maturities

     51,487        3,869        8,997        5,488        33,133  

Interest on long-term debt(1)

     32,761        2,780        4,818        4,321        20,842  

Operating leases(2)

     11,841        2,038        3,412        2,272        4,119  

Purchase obligations (3)

     41,768         29,645        7,503        4,162        458  

Income tax audit settlements(4)

     52               52                

Other long-term liabilities(5)

     3,921        1,663        2,258                
  

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $   141,830      $   39,995      $   27,040      $   16,243      $ 58,552  
  

 

 

 

 

(1)

Items included in long-term debt with variable coupon rates are described in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

(2) 

See Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

(3)

The purchase obligations reflected above are primarily commitments to purchase handsets and peripherals, equipment, software, programming and network services, and marketing activities, which will be used or sold in the ordinary course of business. These amounts do not represent our entire anticipated purchases in the future, but represent only those items that are the subject of contractual obligations. We also purchase products and services as needed with no firm commitment. For this reason, the amounts presented in this table alone do not provide a reliable indicator of our expected future cash outflows or changes in our expected cash position (see Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements).

 

(4)

We are not able to make a reliable estimate of when the unrecognized tax benefits balance of $2.9 billion and related interest and penalties will be settled with the respective taxing authorities until issues or examinations are further developed (see Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements).

 

(5)

Other long-term liabilities include estimated postretirement benefit and qualified pension plan contributions (see Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements).

 

Guarantees

In connection with the execution of agreements for the sale of businesses and investments, Verizon ordinarily provides representations and warranties to the purchasers pertaining to a variety of nonfinancial matters, such as ownership of the securities being sold, as well as financial losses (see Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements).

We guarantee the debentures and first mortgage bonds of our operating telephone company subsidiaries. As of December 31, 2012, $4.3 billion principal amount of these obligations remain outstanding. Each guarantee will remain in place for the life of the obligation unless terminated pursuant to its terms, including the operating telephone company no longer being a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon.

We also guarantee the debt obligations of GTE Corporation that were issued and outstanding prior to July 1, 2003. As of December 31, 2012, $1.7 billion principal amount of these obligations remain outstanding (see Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements).

As of December 31, 2012 letters of credit totaling approximately $0.1 billion, which were executed in the normal course of business and support several financing arrangements and payment obligations to third parties, were outstanding (see Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements).


Market Risk

We are exposed to various types of market risk in the normal course of business, including the impact of interest rate changes, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes in investment, equity and commodity prices and changes in corporate tax rates. We employ risk management strategies, which may include the use of a variety of derivatives including cross currency swaps, foreign currency and prepaid forwards and collars, interest rate swap agreements, commodity swap and forward agreements and interest rate locks. We do not hold derivatives for trading purposes.

It is our general policy to enter into interest rate, foreign currency and other derivative transactions only to the extent necessary to achieve our desired objectives in limiting our exposure to various market risks. Our objectives include maintaining a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to lower borrowing costs within reasonable risk parameters and to protect against earnings and cash flow volatility resulting from changes in market conditions. We do not hedge our market risk exposure in a manner that would completely eliminate the effect of changes in interest rates and foreign exchange rates on our earnings. We do not expect that our net income, liquidity and cash flows will be materially affected by these risk management strategies.

 

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to changes in interest rates, primarily on our short-term debt and the portion of long-term debt that carries floating interest rates. As of December 31, 2012, substantially all of the aggregate principal amount of our total debt portfolio consisted of fixed rate indebtedness, including the effect of interest rate swap agreements designated as hedges. The impact of a 100 basis point change in interest rates affecting our floating rate debt would result in a change in annual interest expense, including our interest rate swap agreements that are designated as hedges, that is not material. The interest rates on our existing long-term debt obligations are unaffected by changes to our credit ratings.

The table that follows summarizes the fair values of our long-term debt, including current maturities, and interest rate swap derivatives as of December 31, 2012 and 2011. The table also provides a sensitivity analysis of the estimated fair values of these financial instruments assuming 100-basis-point upward and downward shifts in the yield curve. Our sensitivity analysis does not include the fair values of our commercial paper and bank loans, if any, because they are not significantly affected by changes in market interest rates.

 

    

(dollars in millions)

 
At December 31, 2012    Fair Value      Fair Value assuming
+ 100 basis point shift
     Fair Value assuming
- 100 basis point shift
 

Long-term debt and related derivatives

   $   61,045      $   56,929      $   65,747  
At December 31, 2011                        

Long-term debt and related derivatives

   $ 61,870      $ 58,117      $ 66,326  

Interest Rate Swaps

We have entered into domestic interest rate swaps to achieve a targeted mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We principally receive fixed rates and pay variable rates based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, resulting in a net increase or decrease to Interest expense. These swaps are designated as fair value hedges and hedge against changes in the fair value of our debt portfolio. We record the interest rate swaps at fair value on our consolidated balance sheets as assets and liabilities. At December 31, 2012 the fair value of these interest rate swaps was not material, and at December 31, 2011, the fair value was $0.6 billion, primarily included in Other assets and Long-term debt. As of December 31, 2012, the total notional amount of these interest rate swaps was $1.3 billion. During 2012, interest rate swaps with a notional value of $5.8 billion were settled. As a result of the settlements, we received net proceeds of $0.7 billion, including accrued interest which is included in Other, net operating activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows. The fair value basis adjustment to the underlying debt instruments will be recognized into earnings as a reduction of Interest expense over the remaining lives of the underlying debt obligations.


Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency for our foreign operations is primarily the local currency. The translation of income statement and balance sheet amounts of our foreign operations into U.S. dollars is recorded as cumulative translation adjustments, which are included in Accumulated other comprehensive income in our consolidated balance sheets. Gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recorded in the consolidated statements of income in Other income and (expense), net. At December 31, 2012, our primary translation exposure was to the British Pound Sterling, the Euro, the Indian Rupee, the Australian Dollar and the Japanese Yen.

Cross Currency Swaps

Verizon Wireless previously entered into cross currency swaps designated as cash flow hedges to exchange approximately $1.6 billion of British Pound Sterling and Euro-denominated debt into U.S. dollars and to fix our future interest and principal payments in U.S. dollars, as well as to mitigate the impact of foreign currency transaction gains or losses. A portion of the gains and losses recognized in Other comprehensive income was reclassified to Other income and (expense), net to offset the related pretax foreign currency transaction gain or loss on the underlying debt obligations. The fair value of the outstanding swaps was not material at December 31, 2012 or December 31, 2011. During 2012 and 2011 the gains and losses with respect to these swaps were not material.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates and Recent Accounting Standards

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

A summary of the critical accounting estimates used in preparing our financial statements is as follows:

 

 

Wireless licenses and Goodwill are a significant component of our consolidated assets. Both our wireless licenses and goodwill are treated as indefinite-lived intangible assets and, therefore are not amortized, but rather are tested for impairment annually in the fourth fiscal quarter, unless there are events or changes in circumstances during an interim period that indicates these assets may not be recoverable. We believe our estimates and assumptions are reasonable and represent appropriate marketplace considerations as of the valuation date. We do not believe that reasonably likely adverse changes in our assumptions and estimates would result in an impairment charge as of our latest impairment testing date. However, if there is a substantial and sustained adverse decline in our operating profitability, we may have impairment charges in future years. Any such impairment charge could be material to our results of operations and financial condition.

Wireless Licenses

The carrying value of our wireless licenses was approximately $77.7 billion as of December 31, 2012. We aggregate our wireless licenses into one single unit of accounting, as we utilize our wireless licenses on an integrated basis as part of our nationwide wireless network. Our wireless licenses provide us with the exclusive right to utilize certain radio frequency spectrum to provide wireless communication services. There are currently no legal, regulatory, contractual, competitive, economic or other factors that limit the useful life of our wireless licenses. Our impairment test consists of comparing the estimated fair value of our wireless licenses to the aggregated carrying amount as of the test date. If the estimated fair value of our wireless licenses is less than the aggregated carrying amount of the wireless licenses then an impairment charge is recognized. Our annual impairment tests for 2012, 2011 and 2010 indicated that the fair value significantly exceeded the carrying value and, therefore, did not result in an impairment.

We estimate the fair value of our wireless licenses using a direct income based valuation approach. This approach uses a discounted cash flow analysis to estimate what a marketplace participant would be willing to pay to purchase the aggregated wireless licenses as of the valuation date. As a result we are required to make significant estimates about future cash flows specifically associated with our wireless licenses, an appropriate discount rate based on the risk associated with those estimated cash flows and assumed terminal value and growth rates. We consider current and expected future economic conditions, current and expected availability of wireless network technology and infrastructure and related equipment and the costs thereof as well as other relevant factors in estimating future cash flows. The discount rate represents our estimate of the weighted-average cost of capital (or expected return, “WACC”) that a marketplace participant would require as of the valuation date. We develop the discount rate based on our consideration of the cost of debt and equity of a group of guideline companies as of the valuation date. Accordingly, our discount rate incorporates our estimate of the expected return a marketplace participant would require as of the valuation date, including the risk premium associated with the current and expected economic conditions as of the valuation date. The terminal value growth rate represents our estimate of the marketplace’s long-term growth rate.

Goodwill

At December 31, 2012, the balance of our goodwill was approximately $24.1 billion, of which $18.2 billion was in our Verizon Wireless segment and $5.9 billion was in our Wireline segment. Determining whether an impairment has occurred requires the determination of fair value of each respective reporting unit. Our operating segments, Verizon Wireless and Wireline, are deemed to be our reporting units for


purposes of goodwill impairment testing. The fair value of Verizon Wireless significantly exceeded its carrying value and the fair value of Wireline exceeded its carrying value. Accordingly, our annual impairment tests for 2012, 2011 and 2010 did not result in an impairment.

The fair value of the reporting unit is calculated using a market approach and a discounted cash flow method. The market approach includes the use of comparative multiples to corroborate discounted cash flow results. The discounted cash flow method is based on the present value of two components—projected cash flows and a terminal value. The terminal value represents the expected normalized future cash flows of the reporting unit beyond the cash flows from the discrete projection period. The fair value of the reporting unit is calculated based on the sum of the present value of the cash flows from the discrete period and the present value of the terminal value. The estimated cash flows are discounted using a rate that represents our WACC.

 

 

We maintain benefit plans for most of our employees, including, for certain employees, pension and other postretirement benefit plans. At December 31, 2012, in the aggregate, pension plan benefit obligations exceeded the fair value of pension plan assets, which will result in higher future pension plan expense. Other postretirement benefit plans have larger benefit obligations than plan assets, resulting in expense. Significant benefit plan assumptions, including the discount rate used, the long-term rate of return on plan assets and health care trend rates are periodically updated and impact the amount of benefit plan income, expense, assets and obligations. A sensitivity analysis of the impact of changes in these assumptions on the benefit obligations and expense (income) recorded, as well as on the funded status due to an increase or a decrease in the actual versus expected return on plan assets as of December 31, 2012 and for the year then ended pertaining to Verizon’s pension and postretirement benefit plans is provided in the table below.

 

(dollars in millions)    Percentage point
change
     Increase (decrease) at
December 31, 2012*
 

Pension plans discount rate

     +0.50       $ (1,350
     -0.50         1,504  

Rate of return on pension plan assets

     +1.00         (239
     -1.00         239  

Postretirement plans discount rate

     +0.50         (1,678
     -0.50         1,886  

Rate of return on postretirement plan assets

     +1.00         (24
     -1.00         24  

Health care trend rates

     +1.00         3,251  
     -1.00         (2,669

 

  *

In determining its pension and other postretirement obligation, the Company used a weighted-average discount rate of 4.20%. The rate was selected to approximate the composite interest rates available on a selection of high-quality bonds available in the market at December 31, 2012. The bonds selected had maturities that coincided with the time periods during which benefits payments are expected to occur, were non-callable and available in sufficient quantities to ensure marketability (at least $0.3 billion par outstanding).

 

 

Our current and deferred income taxes, and associated valuation allowances, are impacted by events and transactions arising in the normal course of business as well as in connection with the adoption of new accounting standards, changes in tax laws and rates, acquisitions and dispositions of businesses and non-recurring items. As a global commercial enterprise, our income tax rate and the classification of income taxes can be affected by many factors, including estimates of the timing and realization of deferred income tax assets and the timing and amount of income tax payments. We account for tax benefits taken or expected to be taken in our tax returns in accordance with the accounting standard relating to the uncertainty in income taxes, which requires the use of a two-step approach for recognizing and measuring tax benefits taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. We review and adjust our liability for unrecognized tax benefits based on our best judgment given the facts, circumstances, and information available at each reporting date. To the extent that the final outcome of these tax positions is different than the amounts recorded, such differences may impact income tax expense and actual tax payments. We recognize any interest and penalties accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. Actual tax payments may materially differ from estimated liabilities as a result of changes in tax laws as well as unanticipated transactions impacting related income tax balances.

 

 

Our Plant, property and equipment balance represents a significant component of our consolidated assets. We record plant, property and equipment at cost. We depreciate plant, property and equipment on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the assets. We expect that a one-year increase in estimated useful lives of our plant, property and equipment would result in a decrease to our 2012 depreciation expense of $1.5 billion and that a one-year decrease would result in an increase of approximately $1.8 billion in our 2012 depreciation expense.


Recent Accounting Standards

In July 2012, the accounting standard update regarding testing of intangible assets for impairment was issued. This standard update allows companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. An entity is not required to calculate the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset and perform the quantitative impairment test unless the entity determines that it is more likely than not the asset is impaired. We will adopt this standard update during the first quarter of 2013. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the accounting standard update regarding reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income was issued. This standard update requires companies to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in our consolidated statements of income if the amount being reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. We will adopt this standard in the first quarter of 2013. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Spectrum Licenses

During the third quarter of 2012, after receiving the required regulatory approvals, Verizon Wireless completed the following previously announced transactions in which we acquired wireless spectrum that will be used to deploy additional fourth-generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) capacity:

 

 

Verizon Wireless acquired AWS spectrum in separate transactions with SpectrumCo and Cox TMI Wireless, LLC for which it paid an aggregate of $3.9 billion at the time of the closings. Verizon Wireless has also recorded a liability of $0.4 billion related to a three-year service obligation to SpectrumCo’s members pursuant to commercial agreements executed concurrently with the SpectrumCo transaction.

 

 

Verizon Wireless completed license purchase and exchange transactions with Leap Wireless, Savary Island Wireless, which is majority owned by Leap Wireless, and a subsidiary of T-Mobile. As a result of these transactions, Verizon Wireless received an aggregate $2.6 billion of AWS and PCS licenses at fair value and net cash proceeds of $0.2 billion, transferred certain AWS licenses to T-Mobile and a 700 megahertz (MHz) lower A block license to Leap Wireless, and recorded an immaterial gain.

HUGHES Telematics, Inc.

On June 1, 2012, we agreed to acquire HUGHES Telematics for approximately $12 per share in cash for a total acquisition price of $0.6 billion and we completed the acquisition on July 26, 2012. As a result of the transaction, HUGHES Telematics became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. The consolidated financial statements include the results of HUGHES Telematics’ operations from the date the acquisition closed. Upon closing, we recorded approximately $0.6 billion of goodwill, $0.1 billion of other intangibles, and assumed the debt obligations of HUGHES Telematics, which were approximately $0.1 billion as of the date of acquisition, and which were repaid by Verizon. Had this acquisition been completed on January 1, 2012 or 2011, the results of the acquired operations of HUGHES Telematics would not have had a significant impact on the consolidated net income attributable to Verizon. The acquisition has accelerated our ability to bring more telematics offerings to market for existing and new HUGHES Telematics and Verizon customers.

The acquisition of HUGHES Telematics was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method. The cost of the acquisition was allocated to the assets and liabilities acquired based on their fair values as of the close of the acquisition, with the excess amount being recorded as goodwill.

Terremark Worldwide, Inc.

During April 2011, we acquired Terremark for $19 per share in cash. Closing and other direct acquisition-related costs totaled approximately $13 million after-tax. The acquisition was completed via a “short-form” merger under Delaware law through which Terremark became a wholly owned subsidiary of Verizon. The acquisition enhanced Verizon’s offerings to business and government customers globally.

Telephone Access Line Spin-off

On July 1, 2010, after receiving regulatory approval, we completed the spin-off of the shares of a newly formed subsidiary of Verizon (Spinco) to Verizon stockholders and the merger of Spinco with Frontier. Spinco held defined assets and liabilities that were used in Verizon’s local exchange businesses and related activities in 14 states. The total value of the transaction to Verizon and its stockholders was approximately $8.6 billion.


Alltel Divestiture Markets

As a condition of the regulatory approvals to complete the acquisition of Alltel Corporation in January 2009, Verizon Wireless was required to divest overlapping properties in 105 operating markets in 24 states (Alltel Divestiture Markets). During the second quarter of 2010, AT&T Mobility acquired 79 of the 105 Alltel Divestiture Markets, including licenses and network assets, for approximately $2.4 billion in cash, and Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. acquired the remaining 26 Alltel Divestiture Markets, including licenses and network assets, for $0.2 billion in cash.

See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information relating to the above acquisitions and divestitures.

 

Other Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

Regulatory and Competitive Trends

Competition and Regulation

Technological, regulatory and market changes have provided Verizon both new opportunities and challenges. These changes have allowed Verizon to offer new types of services in an increasingly competitive market. At the same time, they have allowed other service providers to broaden the scope of their own competitive offerings. Current and potential competitors for network services include other telephone companies, cable companies, wireless service providers, foreign telecommunications providers, satellite providers, electric utilities, Internet service providers, providers of VoIP services, and other companies that offer network services using a variety of technologies. Many of these companies have a strong market presence, brand recognition and existing customer relationships, all of which contribute to intensifying competition and may affect our future revenue growth. Many of our competitors also remain subject to fewer regulatory constraints than us.

We are unable to predict definitively the impact that the ongoing changes in the telecommunications industry will ultimately have on our business, results of operations or financial condition. The financial impact will depend on several factors, including the timing, extent and success of competition in our markets, the timing and outcome of various regulatory proceedings and any appeals, and the timing, extent and success of our pursuit of new opportunities.

FCC Regulation

The FCC has jurisdiction over our interstate telecommunications services and other matters under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (Communications Act). The Communications Act generally provides that we may not charge unjust or unreasonable rates, or engage in unreasonable discrimination when we are providing services as a common carrier, and regulates some of the rates, terms and conditions under which we provide certain services. The FCC also has adopted regulations governing various aspects of our business including: (i) use and disclosure of customer proprietary network information; (ii) telemarketing; (iii) assignment of telephone numbers to customers; (iv) provision to law enforcement agencies of the capability to obtain call-identifying information and call content information from calls pursuant to lawful process; (v) accessibility of services and equipment to individuals with disabilities; (vi) interconnection with the networks of other carriers; and (vii) customers’ ability to keep (or “port”) their telephone numbers when switching to another carrier. In addition, we pay various fees to support other FCC programs, such as the universal service program discussed below. Changes to these mandates, or the adoption of additional mandates, could require us to make changes to our operations or otherwise increase our costs of compliance.

Broadband

The FCC previously adopted a series of orders that impose lesser regulatory requirements on broadband services and facilities than apply to narrowband or traditional telephone services. With respect to wireline facilities, the FCC determined that certain unbundling requirements that apply to narrowband facilities of local exchange carriers do not apply to broadband facilities such as fiber to the premise loops and packet switches. With respect to services, the FCC concluded that both wireline and wireless broadband Internet access services qualify as largely deregulated information services. Separately, certain of our wireline broadband services sold primarily to larger business customers were largely deregulated when our forbearance petition was granted. The latter relief has been upheld on appeal, but is subject to a continuing challenge before the FCC.

In December of 2010, the FCC adopted so-called “net neutrality” rules governing broadband Internet access services that it describes as intended to preserve the openness of the Internet. These rules, which took effect in November 2011 and are subject to a pending appeal, require providers of broadband Internet access to publicly disclose information relating to the performance and terms of its services. For “fixed” services, the rules prohibit blocking lawful content, applications, services or non-harmful devices. The rules also prohibit unreasonable discrimination in transmitting lawful traffic over a consumer’s fixed broadband Internet access service. For “mobile” services, the rules prohibit blocking access to lawful websites or blocking applications that compete with the provider’s voice or video telephony services. The restrictions are subject to “reasonable network management.” The rules also establish a complaint process, and state that the FCC will continue to monitor developments to determine whether to impose further regulations.


Video

The FCC has a body of rules that apply to cable operators under Title VI of the Communications Act of 1934, and these rules also generally apply to telephone companies that provide cable services over their networks. In addition, the Act generally requires companies that provide cable service over a cable system to obtain a local cable franchise, and the FCC has adopted rules that interpret and implement this requirement.

Interstate Access Charges and Intercarrier Compensation

In 2011, the FCC issued a broad order changing the framework for the interstate and intrastate switched access per-minute rates that carriers charge each other for the exchange of voice traffic. The new rules will gradually reduce to zero the rates that Verizon pays to other carriers and the rates that Verizon charges other carriers. This order also established a per-minute intercarrier compensation rate applicable to the exchange of Voice over IP traffic regardless of whether such traffic is intrastate or interstate. This order is subject to certain pending reconsideration petitions and appeals.

The FCC’s current rules for special access services provide for pricing flexibility and ultimately the removal of services from price regulation when prescribed competitive thresholds are met. More than half of special access revenues are now removed from price regulation. The FCC currently has a rulemaking proceeding underway to determine whether and how these rules should be modified.

Universal Service

The FCC has adopted a body of rules implementing the universal service provisions of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, including provisions to support rural and non-rural high-cost areas, low income subscribers, schools and libraries and rural health care. The FCC’s rules require telecommunications companies including Verizon to pay into the Universal Service Fund (USF), which then makes distributions in support of the programs. Under the broad order issued by the FCC in 2011, the focus of the USF will be gradually shifted from support of voice services to support of broadband services. The FCC is also currently considering other changes to the rules governing contributions to the fund. Any change in the current rules could result in a change in the contribution that Verizon and others must make and that would have to be collected from customers, or in the amounts that these providers receive from the USF.

Unbundling of Network Elements

Under Section 251 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, incumbent local exchange carriers are required to provide competing carriers with access to components of their network on an unbundled basis, known as UNEs, where certain statutory standards are satisfied. The FCC has adopted rules defining the network elements that must be made available, including criteria for determining whether high-capacity loops, transport or dark fiber transport must be unbundled in individual wire centers. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 also adopted a cost-based pricing standard for these UNEs, which the FCC interpreted as allowing it to impose a pricing standard known as “total element long run incremental cost” or “TELRIC.”

Wireless Services

The FCC regulates the licensing, construction, operation, acquisition and transfer of wireless communications systems, including the systems that Verizon Wireless operates, pursuant to the Communications Act, other legislation, and the FCC’s rules. The FCC and Congress continuously consider changes to these laws and rules. Adoption of new laws or rules may raise the cost of providing service or require modification of Verizon Wireless’ business plans or operations.

To use the radio frequency spectrum, wireless communications systems must be licensed by the FCC to operate the wireless network and mobile devices in assigned spectrum segments. Verizon Wireless holds FCC licenses to operate in several different radio services, including the cellular radiotelephone service, personal communications service, wireless communications service, and point-to-point radio service. The technical and service rules, the specific radio frequencies and amounts of spectrum Verizon Wireless holds, and the sizes of the geographic areas it is authorized to operate in, vary for each of these services. However, all of the licenses Verizon Wireless holds allow it to use spectrum to provide a wide range of mobile and fixed communications services, including both voice and data services, and Verizon Wireless operates a seamless network that utilizes those licenses to provide services to customers. Because the FCC issues licenses for only a fixed time, generally 10 years, Verizon Wireless must periodically seek renewal of those licenses. Although the FCC has routinely renewed all of Verizon Wireless’ licenses that have come up for renewal to date, challenges could be brought against the licenses in the future. If a wireless license were revoked or not renewed upon expiration, Verizon Wireless would not be permitted to provide services on the licensed spectrum in the area covered by that license.

The FCC has also imposed specific mandates on carriers that operate wireless communications systems, which increase Verizon Wireless’ costs. These mandates include requirements that Verizon Wireless: (i) meet specific construction and geographic coverage requirements during the license term; (ii) meet technical operating standards that, among other things, limit the radio frequency radiation from mobile devices and antennas; (iii) deploy “Enhanced 911” wireless services that provide the wireless caller’s number, location and other information to a state or local public safety agency that handles 911 calls; (iv) provide roaming services to other wireless service providers; and (v) comply with regulations for the construction of transmitters and towers that, among other things, restrict siting of towers in environmentally sensitive locations and in places where the towers would affect a site listed or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Changes to these mandates could require Verizon Wireless to make changes to operations or increase its costs of compliance. In its November 4, 2008 order approving Verizon Wireless’ acquisition of Alltel, the FCC adopted conditions that impose additional requirements on Verizon Wireless in its provision of Enhanced 911 services and roaming services. Subsequently, in its August 23, 2012 order approving Verizon Wireless’ acquisition of various spectrum licenses from several cable companies and wireless carriers, the FCC adopted conditions obligating Verizon Wireless to meet specified buildout milestones for the acquired spectrum and to offer data roaming arrangements.


The Communications Act imposes restrictions on foreign ownership of U.S. wireless systems. The FCC has approved the interest that Vodafone Group Plc holds, through various of its subsidiaries, in Verizon Wireless. The FCC may need to approve any increase in Vodafone’s interest or the acquisition of an ownership interest by other foreign entities. In addition, as part of the FCC’s approval of Vodafone’s ownership interest, Verizon Wireless, Verizon and Vodafone entered into an agreement with the U.S. Department of Defense, Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation which imposes national security and law enforcement-related obligations on the ways in which Verizon Wireless stores information and otherwise conducts its business.

Verizon Wireless anticipates that it will need additional spectrum to meet future demand. It can meet spectrum needs by purchasing licenses or leasing spectrum from other licensees, or by acquiring new spectrum licenses from the FCC. Under the Communications Act, before Verizon Wireless can acquire a license from another licensee in order to expand its coverage or its spectrum capacity in a particular area, it must file an application with the FCC, and the FCC can grant the application only after a period for public notice and comment. This review process can delay acquisition of spectrum needed to expand services, and can result in conditions on the purchaser that can impact its costs and business plans. The Communications Act also requires the FCC to award new licenses for most commercial wireless services through a competitive bidding process in which spectrum is awarded to bidders in an auction. Verizon Wireless has participated in spectrum auctions to acquire licenses for radio spectrum in various bands. Most recently, Verizon Wireless participated in the FCC’s auction of spectrum in the 700 MHz band, and was the high bidder on 109 licenses in the 700 MHz band. The FCC granted all of those licenses to Verizon Wireless on November 26, 2008.

The FCC also adopted service rules that will impose costs on licensees that acquire the 700 MHz band spectrum either through auction or by purchasing such spectrum from other companies. These rules include minimum coverage mandates by specific dates during the license terms, and, for approximately one-third of the spectrum, known as the “C Block,” “open access” requirements, which generally require licensees of that spectrum to allow customers to use devices and applications of their choice on the LTE network we are deploying on that spectrum, including those obtained from sources other than us or our distributors or dealers, subject to certain technical limitations established by us. Verizon Wireless holds the C Block 700 MHz licenses covering the entire United States. In adopting its “net neutrality” rules discussed above, the FCC stated that the new rules operate independently from the “open access” requirements that continue to apply to the C Block licensees.

The FCC is also conducting several proceedings to explore making additional spectrum available for licensed and/or unlicensed use or restricting spectrum holdings. Most recently, on September 28, 2012, pursuant to legislation that Congress enacted in February 2012, the FCC began a proceeding to consider making available certain spectrum currently used for television broadcast operations. On that day it also began a proceeding to consider whether to limit the aggregate amount of spectrum any one licensee could acquire or otherwise regulate licensees’ spectrum holdings.

State Regulation and Local Approvals

Telephone Operations

State public utility commissions regulate our telephone operations with respect to certain telecommunications intrastate matters. Our competitive local exchange carrier and long distance operations are lightly regulated the same as other similarly situated carriers. Our incumbent local exchange operations (California, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas and Virginia) are subject to various levels of pricing flexibility, deregulation, detariffing, and service quality standards. None of the states are subject to earnings regulation.

Video

Companies that provide cable service over a cable system are typically subject to state and/or local cable television rules and regulations. As noted above, cable operators generally must obtain a local cable franchise from each local unit of government prior to providing cable service in that local area. Some states have enacted legislation that enables cable operators to apply for, and obtain, a single cable franchise at the state, rather than local, level. To date, Verizon has applied for and received state-issued franchises in California, Florida, New Jersey, Texas and the unincorporated areas of Delaware. We also have obtained authorization from the state commission in Rhode Island to provide cable service in certain areas in that state, have obtained required state commission approvals for our local franchises in New York, and will need to obtain additional state commission approvals in these states to provide cable service in additional areas. Virginia law provides us the option of entering a given franchise area using state standards if local franchise negotiations are unsuccessful.

Wireless Services

The rapid growth of the wireless industry has led to efforts by some state legislatures and state public utility commissions to regulate the industry in ways that may impose additional costs on Verizon Wireless. The Communications Act generally preempts regulation by state and local governments of the entry of, or the rates charged by, wireless carriers, but does not prohibit states from regulating the other “terms and conditions” of wireless service. While numerous state commissions do not currently have jurisdiction over wireless services, state legislatures may decide to grant them such jurisdiction, and those commissions that already have authority to impose regulations on wireless carriers may adopt new rules.

State efforts to regulate wireless services have included proposals to regulate customer billing, termination of service, trial periods for service, advertising, the use of handsets while driving, reporting requirements for system outages and the availability of broadband wireless services. Wireless tower and antenna facilities are also subject to state and local zoning and land use regulation, and securing approvals for new or modified tower or antenna sites is often a lengthy and expensive process.


Verizon Wireless (as well as AT&T and Sprint-Nextel) is a party to an Assurance of Voluntary Compliance (AVC) with 33 State Attorneys General. The AVC, which generally reflected Verizon Wireless’ practices at the time it was entered into in July 2004, obligates the company to disclose certain rates and terms during a sales transaction, to provide maps depicting coverage, and to comply with various requirements regarding advertising, billing, and other practices.

 

Environmental Matters

During 2003, under a government-approved plan, remediation commenced at the site of a former Sylvania facility in Hicksville, New York that processed nuclear fuel rods in the 1950s and 1960s. Remediation beyond original expectations proved to be necessary and a reassessment of the anticipated remediation costs was conducted. A reassessment of costs related to remediation efforts at several other former facilities was also undertaken. In September 2005, the Army Corps of Engineers (ACE) accepted the Hicksville site into the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This may result in the ACE performing some or all of the remediation effort for the Hicksville site with a corresponding decrease in costs to Verizon. To the extent that the ACE assumes responsibility for remedial work at the Hicksville site, an adjustment to a reserve previously established for the remediation may be made. Adjustments to the reserve may also be made based upon actual conditions discovered during the remediation at this or any other site requiring remediation.


Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

In this report we have made forward-looking statements. These statements are based on our estimates and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include the information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations. Forward-looking statements also include those preceded or followed by the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “hopes” or similar expressions. For those statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

The following important factors, along with those discussed elsewhere in this report could affect future results and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements:

 

   

adverse conditions in the U.S. and international economies;

 

   

competition in our markets;

 

   

material changes in available technology or technology substitution;

 

   

disruption of our key suppliers’ provisioning of products or services;

 

   

changes in the regulatory environments in which we operate, including any increase in restrictions on our ability to operate our networks;

 

   

breaches of network or information technology security, natural disasters, terrorist attacks or significant litigation and any resulting financial impact not covered by insurance;

 

   

an adverse change in the ratings afforded our debt securities by nationally accredited ratings organizations or adverse conditions in the credit markets impacting the cost, including interest rates, and/or availability of financing;

 

   

changes in our accounting assumptions that regulatory agencies, including the SEC, may require or that result from changes in the accounting rules or their application, which could result in an impact on earnings;

 

   

material adverse changes in labor matters, including labor negotiations, and any resulting financial and/or operational impact;

 

   

significant increases in benefit plan costs or lower investments returns on plan assets; and

 

   

the inability to implement our business strategies.


Report of Management on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We, the management of Verizon Communications Inc., are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting of the company. Management has evaluated internal control over financial reporting of the company using the criteria for effective internal control established in Internal Control–Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

Management has assessed the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012. Based on this assessment, we believe that the internal control over financial reporting of the company is effective as of December 31, 2012. In connection with this assessment, there were no material weaknesses in the company’s internal control over financial reporting identified by management.

The company’s financial statements included in this Annual Report have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, independent registered public accounting firm. Ernst & Young LLP has also provided an attestation report on the company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

/s/    Lowell C. McAdam

        Lowell C. McAdam

        Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

/s/    Francis J. Shammo

        Francis J. Shammo

        Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

/s/    Robert J. Barish

        Robert J. Barish

        Senior Vice President and Controller


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

To The Board of Directors and Shareowners of Verizon Communications Inc.:

We have audited Verizon Communications Inc. and subsidiaries’ (Verizon) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control–Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Verizon’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Report of Management on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, Verizon maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Verizon as of December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and changes in equity for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012 of Verizon and our report dated February 26, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

   /s/ Ernst & Young LLP

        Ernst & Young LLP

        New York, New York

        February 26, 2013


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Financial Statements

To The Board of Directors and Shareowners of Verizon Communications Inc.:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Verizon Communications Inc. and subsidiaries (Verizon) as of December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, cash flows and changes in equity for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012. These financial statements are the responsibility of Verizon’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Verizon at December 31, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Verizon’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control–Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 26, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

   /s/ Ernst & Young LLP

        Ernst & Young LLP

        New York, New York

        February 26, 2013


Consolidated Statements of Income Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions, except per share amounts)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010  

Operating Revenues

   $ 115,846     $ 110,875     $ 106,565   

Operating Expenses

      

Cost of services and sales (exclusive of items shown below)

     46,275       45,875       44,149   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     39,951       35,624       31,366   

Depreciation and amortization expense

     16,460       16,496       16,405   
  

 

 

 

Total Operating Expenses

     102,686       97,995       91,920   

Operating Income

     13,160       12,880       14,645   

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated businesses

     324       444       508   

Other income and (expense), net

     (1,016     (14     54   

Interest expense

     (2,571     (2,827     (2,523)    
  

 

 

 

Income Before (Provision) Benefit For Income Taxes

     9,897       10,483       12,684   

(Provision) Benefit for income taxes

     660       (285     (2,467)    
  

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 10,557     $ 10,198     $ 10,217   
  

 

 

 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

   $ 9,682     $ 7,794     $ 7,668   

Net income attributable to Verizon

     875       2,404       2,549   
  

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 10,557     $ 10,198     $ 10,217   
  

 

 

 

Basic Earnings Per Common Share

      

Net income attributable to Verizon

   $ .31     $ .85     $ .90   

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)

     2,853       2,833       2,830   

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

      

Net income attributable to Verizon

   $ .31     $ .85     $ .90   

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)

     2,862       2,839       2,833   

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010  

Net Income

   $ 10,557     $ 10,198     $ 10,217   

Other Comprehensive Income, net of taxes

      

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     69       (119     (171)    

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

     (68     30       89   

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities

     29       (7     29   

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans

     936       316       2,451   
  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income attributable to Verizon

     966       220       2,398   

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest

     10       1       (35 )  
  

 

 

 

Total Comprehensive Income

   $ 11,533     $ 10,419     $ 12,580   
  

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     9,692       7,795       7,633   

Comprehensive income attributable to Verizon

     1,841       2,624       4,947   
  

 

 

 

Total Comprehensive Income

   $   11,533     $   10,419     $   12,580   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Consolidated Balance Sheets Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions, except per share amounts)  
At December 31,    2012     2011  

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3,093     $ 13,362   

Short-term investments

     470       592   

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $641 and $802

     12,576       11,776   

Inventories

     1,075       940   

Prepaid expenses and other

     4,021       4,269   
  

 

 

 

Total current assets

     21,235       30,939   
  

 

 

 

Plant, property and equipment

     209,575       215,626   

Less accumulated depreciation

     120,933       127,192   
  

 

 

 
     88,642       88,434   
  

 

 

 

Investments in unconsolidated businesses

     3,401       3,448   

Wireless licenses

     77,744       73,250   

Goodwill

     24,139       23,357   

Other intangible assets, net

     5,933       5,878   

Other assets

     4,128       5,155   
  

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 225,222     $ 230,461   
  

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

    

Current liabilities

    

Debt maturing within one year

   $ 4,369     $ 4,849   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     16,182       14,689   

Other

     6,405       11,223   
  

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     26,956       30,761   
  

 

 

 

Long-term debt

     47,618       50,303   

Employee benefit obligations

     34,346       32,957   

Deferred income taxes

     24,677       25,060   

Other liabilities

     6,092       5,472   

Equity

    

Series preferred stock ($.10 par value; none issued)

           –    

Common stock ($.10 par value; 2,967,610,119 shares issued in both periods)

     297       297   

Contributed capital

     37,990       37,919   

Reinvested earnings (Accumulated deficit)

     (3,734     1,179   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     2,235       1,269   

Common stock in treasury, at cost

     (4,071     (5,002)    

Deferred compensation – employee stock ownership plans and other

     440       308   

Noncontrolling interest

     52,376       49,938   
  

 

 

 

Total equity

     85,533       85,908   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 225,222     $ 230,461   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012     2011     2010  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

      

Net Income

   $ 10,557     $ 10,198     $ 10,217   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization expense

     16,460       16,496       16,405   

Employee retirement benefits

     8,198       7,426       3,988   

Deferred income taxes

     (952)        (223)        3,233   

Provision for uncollectible accounts

     972       1,026       1,246   

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated businesses, net of dividends received

     77       36        

Changes in current assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisition/disposition of businesses

      

Accounts receivable

     (1,717)        (966)        (859)   

Inventories

     (136)        208       299   

Other assets

     306       86       (313)   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     1,144       (1,607)        1,075   

Other, net

     (3,423)        (2,900)        (1,930)   
  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     31,486       29,780       33,363   
  

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

      

Capital expenditures (including capitalized software)

     (16,175     (16,244     (16,458)   

Acquisitions of investments and businesses, net of cash acquired

     (913     (1,797     (652)   

Acquisitions of wireless licenses, net

     (3,935     (221     (786)   

Proceeds from dispositions

                 2,594   

Net change in short-term investments

     27       35       (3)   

Other, net

     494       977       251   
  

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (20,502)        (17,250)        (15,054)   
  

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

      

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

     4,489       11,060       –    

Repayments of long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations

     (6,403     (11,805     (8,136)   

Increase (decrease) in short-term obligations, excluding current maturities

     (1,437     1,928       (1,097)   

Dividends paid

     (5,230     (5,555     (5,412)   

Proceeds from sale of common stock

     315       241       –    

Proceeds from access line spin-off

                 3,083   

Special distribution to noncontrolling interest

     (8,325           –    

Other, net

     (4,662     (1,705     (2,088)   
  

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (21,253)        (5,836)        (13,650)   
  

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (10,269     6,694       4,659   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     13,362       6,668       2,009   
  

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 3,093     $ 13,362     $ 6,668   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

     (dollars in millions, except per share amounts, and shares in thousands)  
Years Ended December 31,    2012            2011            2010         
     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount  
  

 

 

 

Common Stock

            

Balance at beginning of year

     2,967,610     $ 297       2,967,610     $ 297       2,967,610     $ 297   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

     2,967,610       297       2,967,610       297       2,967,610       297   
  

 

 

 

Contributed Capital

            

Balance at beginning of year

       37,919         37,922         40,108   

Telephone access line spin-off (Note 2)

                       (2,184)   

Other

       71         (3       (2)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

       37,990         37,919         37,922   
  

 

 

 

Reinvested Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)

            

Balance at beginning of year

       1,179         4,368         7,260   

Net income attributable to Verizon

       875         2,404         2,549   

Dividends declared ($2.03, $1.975, $1.925) per share

       (5,788       (5,593       (5,441)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

       (3,734       1,179         4,368   
  

 

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

            

Balance at beginning of year attributable to Verizon

       1,269         1,049         (1,372)   

Telephone access line spin-off (Note 2)

                       23   
  

 

 

 

Adjusted balance at beginning of year

       1,269         1,049         (1,349)   
  

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

       69         (119       (171)   

Unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges

       (68       30         89   

Unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities

       29         (7       29   

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans

       936         316         2,451   
  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

       966         220         2,398   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year attributable to Verizon

       2,235         1,269         1,049   
  

 

 

 

Treasury Stock

            

Balance at beginning of year

     (133,594     (5,002     (140,587     (5,267     (131,942     (5,000)   

Employee plans (Note 15)

     11,434       433       6,982       265       347       13   
Shareowner plans (Note 15)      13,119       498       11             8       –   

Other (Note 9)

                             (9,000     (280)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

     (109,041     (4,071     (133,594     (5,002     (140,587     (5,267)   
  

 

 

 

Deferred Compensation-ESOPs and Other

            

Balance at beginning of year

       308         200         89   

Restricted stock equity grant

       196         146         97   

Amortization

       (64       (38       14   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

       440         308         200   
  

 

 

 

Noncontrolling Interest

            

Balance at beginning of year

       49,938         48,343         42,761   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

       9,682         7,794         7,668   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

       10         1         (35)   
  

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

       9,692         7,795         7,633   
  

 

 

 

Distributions and other

       (7,254       (6,200       (2,051)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

       52,376         49,938         48,343   
  

 

 

 

Total Equity

     $ 85,533       $ 85,908       $ 86,912   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Note 1

Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

Verizon Communications Inc. (Verizon or the Company) is a holding company, which acting through its subsidiaries is one of the world’s leading providers of communications, information and entertainment products and services to consumers, businesses and governmental agencies with a presence in over 150 countries around the world. We have two reportable segments, Verizon Wireless and Wireline. For further information concerning our business segments, see Note 13.

Verizon Wireless provides wireless communications services across one of the most extensive wireless networks in the United States (U.S.) and has the largest third-generation (3G) and fourth-generation (4G) Long-Term Evolution technology (LTE) networks of any U.S. wireless service provider.

The Wireline segment provides communications products and services including local exchange and long distance voice service, broadband video and data, IP network services, network access and other services to consumers, small businesses and carriers in the United States, as well as to businesses and government customers both in the United States and in over 150 other countries around the world.

Consolidation

The method of accounting applied to investments, whether consolidated, equity or cost, involves an evaluation of all significant terms of the investments that explicitly grant or suggest evidence of control or influence over the operations of the investee. The consolidated financial statements include our controlled subsidiaries. For controlled subsidiaries that are not wholly owned, the noncontrolling interest is included in Net income and Total equity. Investments in businesses which we do not control, but have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for using the equity method. Investments in which we do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies are accounted for under the cost method. Equity and cost method investments are included in Investments in unconsolidated businesses in our consolidated balance sheets. Certain of our cost method investments are classified as available-for-sale securities and adjusted to fair value pursuant to the accounting standard related to debt and equity securities. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Basis of Presentation

We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation.

Corporate, eliminations and other during the periods presented include a non-cash adjustment of $0.2 billion in 2010, primarily to adjust wireless service revenues. This adjustment was recorded to properly defer previously recognized wireless service revenues that were earned and recognized in future periods. The adjustment was recorded during 2010, which reduced Net income attributable to Verizon by approximately $0.1 billion.

Use of Estimates

We prepare our financial statements using U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and disclosures. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Examples of significant estimates include: the allowance for doubtful accounts, the recoverability of plant, property and equipment, the recoverability of intangible assets and other long-lived assets, unbilled revenues, fair values of financial instruments, unrecognized tax benefits, valuation allowances on tax assets, accrued expenses, pension and postretirement benefit assumptions, contingencies and allocation of purchase prices in connection with business combinations.

Revenue Recognition

Multiple Deliverable Arrangements

In both our Verizon Wireless and Wireline segments, we offer products and services to our customers through bundled arrangements. These arrangements involve multiple deliverables which may include products, services, or a combination of products and services.

On January 1, 2011, we prospectively adopted the accounting standard updates regarding revenue recognition for multiple deliverable arrangements, and arrangements that include software elements. These updates require us to allocate revenue in an arrangement using its best estimate of selling price if neither vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) nor third party evidence (TPE) of selling price exists.


Verizon Wireless

Our Verizon Wireless segment earns revenue primarily by providing access to and usage of its network. In general, access revenue is billed one month in advance and recognized when earned. Usage revenue is generally billed in arrears and recognized when service is rendered. Equipment sales revenue associated with the sale of wireless handsets and accessories is recognized when the products are delivered to and accepted by the customer, as this is considered to be a separate earnings process from providing wireless services. For agreements involving the resale of third-party services in which we are considered the primary obligor in the arrangements, we record the revenue gross at the time of the sale. For equipment sales, we currently subsidize the cost of wireless devices. The amount of this subsidy is generally contingent on the arrangement and terms selected by the customer. The equipment revenue is recognized up to the amount collected when the wireless device is sold.

Wireline

Our Wireline segment earns revenue based upon usage of its network and facilities and contract fees. In general, fixed monthly fees for voice, video, data and certain other services are billed one month in advance and recognized when earned. Revenue from services that are not fixed in amount and are based on usage is generally billed in arrears and recognized when service is rendered.

We sell each of the services offered in bundled arrangements (i.e., voice, video and data), as well as separately; therefore each product or service has a standalone selling price. For these arrangements revenue is allocated to each deliverable using a relative selling price method. Under this method, arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate deliverable based on our standalone selling price for each product or service. These services include FiOS services, individually or in bundles, and High Speed Internet.

When we bundle equipment with maintenance and monitoring services, we recognize equipment revenue when the equipment is installed in accordance with contractual specifications and ready for the customer’s use. The maintenance and monitoring services are recognized monthly over the term of the contract as we provide the services.

Installation related fees, along with the associated costs up to but not exceeding these fees, are deferred and amortized over the estimated customer relationship period.

For each of our segments we report taxes imposed by governmental authorities on revenue-producing transactions between us and our customers on a net basis.

Maintenance and Repairs

We charge the cost of maintenance and repairs, including the cost of replacing minor items not constituting substantial betterments, principally to Cost of services and sales as these costs are incurred.

Advertising Costs

Costs for advertising products and services as well as other promotional and sponsorship costs are charged to Selling, general and administrative expense in the periods in which they are incurred (see Note 15).

Earnings Per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share are based on the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period. Where appropriate, diluted earnings per common share include the dilutive effect of shares issuable under our stock-based compensation plans.

There were a total of approximately 9 million, 6 million and 3 million stock options and restricted stock units outstanding included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Outstanding options to purchase shares that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the period, were not significant for the year ended December 31, 2012 and included approximately 19 million and 73 million weighted-average shares for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

We are authorized to issue up to 4.25 billion and 250 million shares of common stock and Series Preferred Stock, respectively.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

We consider all highly liquid investments with a maturity of 90 days or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximates quoted market value and include amounts held in money market funds.

Marketable Securities

We have investments in marketable securities, which are considered “available-for-sale” under the provisions of the accounting standard for certain debt and equity securities, and are included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets in Short-term investments, Investments in unconsolidated businesses or Other assets. We continually evaluate our investments in marketable securities for impairment due to declines in


market value considered to be other-than-temporary. That evaluation includes, in addition to persistent, declining stock prices, general economic and company-specific evaluations. In the event of a determination that a decline in market value is other-than-temporary, a charge to earnings is recorded for the loss, and a new cost basis in the investment is established.

Inventories

Inventory consists of wireless and wireline equipment held for sale, which is carried at the lower of cost (determined principally on either an average cost or first-in, first-out basis) or market.

Plant and Depreciation

We record plant, property and equipment at cost. Plant, property and equipment of wireline and wireless operations are generally depreciated on a straight-line basis.

Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the estimated life of the improvement or the remaining term of the related lease, calculated from the time the asset was placed in service.

When the depreciable assets of our wireline and wireless operations are retired or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are deducted from the plant accounts, and any gains or losses on disposition are recognized in income.

We capitalize and depreciate network software purchased or developed along with related plant assets. We also capitalize interest associated with the acquisition or construction of network-related assets. Capitalized interest is reported as a reduction in interest expense and depreciated as part of the cost of the network-related assets.

In connection with our ongoing review of the estimated remaining average useful lives of plant, property and equipment at our local telephone operations, we determined that there were no changes necessary for average useful lives for 2012, 2011, and 2010. In connection with our ongoing review of the estimated remaining average useful lives of plant, property and equipment at our wireless operations, we determined that changes were necessary to the remaining estimated useful lives as a result of technology upgrades, enhancements, and planned retirements. These changes resulted in increases in depreciation expense of $0.4 billion and $0.3 billion in 2011 and 2010, respectively. While the timing and extent of current deployment plans are subject to ongoing analysis and modification, we believe the current estimates of useful lives are reasonable.

Computer Software Costs

We capitalize the cost of internal-use network and non-network software that has a useful life in excess of one year. Subsequent additions, modifications or upgrades to internal-use network and non-network software are capitalized only to the extent that they allow the software to perform a task it previously did not perform. Planning, software maintenance and training costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. Also, we capitalize interest associated with the development of internal-use network and non-network software. Capitalized non-network internal-use software costs are amortized using the straight-line method over a period of 3 to 7 years and are included in Other intangible assets, net in our consolidated balance sheets. For a discussion of our impairment policy for capitalized software costs, see “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” below. Also, see Note 3 for additional detail of internal-use non-network software reflected in our consolidated balance sheets.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill

Goodwill is the excess of the acquisition cost of businesses over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. Impairment testing for goodwill is performed annually in the fourth fiscal quarter. The Company has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if the fair value of the entity is less than its carrying value. However, the Company may elect to perform an impairment test even if no indications of a potential impairment exist. The impairment test for goodwill uses a two-step approach, which is performed at the reporting unit level. We have determined that in our case, the reporting units are our operating segments since that is the lowest level at which discrete, reliable financial and cash flow information is available. Step one compares the fair value of the reporting unit (calculated using a market approach and/or a discounted cash flow method) to its carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds the fair value, there is a potential impairment and step two must be performed. Step two compares the carrying value of the reporting unit’s goodwill to its implied fair value (i.e., fair value of reporting unit less the fair value of the unit’s assets and liabilities, including identifiable intangible assets). If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying amount of goodwill, an impairment is recognized.

Intangible Assets Not Subject to Amortization

A significant portion of our intangible assets are wireless licenses that provide our wireless operations with the exclusive right to utilize designated radio frequency spectrum to provide wireless communication services. While licenses are issued for only a fixed time, generally ten years, such licenses are subject to renewal by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Renewals of licenses have occurred routinely and at nominal cost. Moreover, we have determined that there are currently no legal, regulatory, contractual, competitive, economic or other factors that limit the useful life of our wireless licenses. As a result, we treat the wireless licenses as an indefinite-lived intangible asset. We reevaluate the useful life determination for wireless licenses each year to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support an indefinite useful life.


We test our wireless licenses for potential impairment annually. We evaluate our licenses on an aggregate basis using a direct value approach. The direct value approach estimates fair value using a discounted cash flow analysis to estimate what a marketplace participant would be willing to pay to purchase the aggregated wireless licenses as of the valuation date. If the fair value of the aggregated wireless licenses is less than the aggregated carrying amount of the licenses, an impairment is recognized.

Interest expense incurred while qualifying activities are performed to ready wireless licenses for their intended use is capitalized as part of wireless licenses. The capitalization period ends when the development is discontinued or substantially complete and the license is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets Subject to Amortization and Long-Lived Assets

Our intangible assets that do not have indefinite lives (primarily customer lists and non-network internal-use software) are amortized over their useful lives. All of our intangible assets subject to amortization and long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. If any indications were present, we would test for recoverability by comparing the carrying amount of the asset group to the net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated from the asset group. If those net undiscounted cash flows do not exceed the carrying amount, we would perform the next step, which is to determine the fair value of the asset and record an impairment, if any. We reevaluate the useful life determinations for these intangible assets each year to determine whether events and circumstances warrant a revision in their remaining useful lives.

For information related to the carrying amount of goodwill by segment, wireless licenses and other intangible assets, as well as the major components and average useful lives of our other acquired intangible assets, see Note 3.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value of financial and non-financial assets and liabilities is defined as an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The three-tier hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value, which prioritizes the inputs used in the methodologies of measuring fair value for assets and liabilities, is as follows:

Level 1—Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

Level 3—No observable pricing inputs in the market

Financial assets and financial liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurements requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of the assets and liabilities being measured and their placement within the fair value hierarchy.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate is based on pre-tax income, statutory tax rates, tax laws and regulations and tax planning strategies available to us in the various jurisdictions in which we operate.

Deferred income taxes are provided for temporary differences in the bases between financial statement and income tax assets and liabilities. Deferred income taxes are recalculated annually at tax rates then in effect. We record valuation allowances to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized.

We use a two-step approach for recognizing and measuring tax benefits taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The first step is recognition: we determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits of the position. In evaluating whether a tax position has met the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, we presume that the position will be examined by the appropriate taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. The second step is measurement: a tax position that meets the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold is measured to determine the amount of benefit to recognize in the financial statements. The tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Differences between tax positions taken in a tax return and amounts recognized in the financial statements will generally result in one or more of the following: an increase in a liability for income taxes payable, a reduction of an income tax refund receivable, a reduction in a deferred tax asset, or an increase in a deferred tax liability.

The accounting standard relating to income taxes generated by leveraged lease transactions requires that changes in the projected timing of income tax cash flows generated by a leveraged lease transaction be recognized as a gain or loss in the year in which the change occurs.

Significant management judgment is required in evaluating our tax positions and in determining our effective tax rate.


Stock-Based Compensation

We measure and recognize compensation expense for all stock-based compensation awards made to employees and directors based on estimated fair values. See Note 10 for further details.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency of our foreign operations is generally the local currency. For these foreign entities, we translate income statement amounts at average exchange rates for the period, and we translate assets and liabilities at end-of-period exchange rates. We record these translation adjustments in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a separate component of Equity, in our consolidated balance sheets. We report exchange gains and losses on intercompany foreign currency transactions of a long-term nature in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Other exchange gains and losses are reported in income.

Employee Benefit Plans

Pension and postretirement health care and life insurance benefits earned during the year as well as interest on projected benefit obligations are accrued currently. Prior service costs and credits resulting from changes in plan benefits are generally amortized over the average remaining service period of the employees expected to receive benefits. Expected return on plan assets is determined by applying the return on assets assumption to the actual fair value of plan assets. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in operating results in the year in which they occur. These gains and losses are measured annually as of December 31 or upon a remeasurement event. Verizon management employees no longer earn pension benefits or earn service towards the company retiree medical subsidy (see Note 11).

We recognize a pension or a postretirement plan’s funded status as either an asset or liability on the consolidated balance sheets. Also, we measure any unrecognized prior service costs and credits that arise during the period as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of applicable income tax.

Derivative Instruments

We have entered into derivative transactions primarily to manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, equity and commodity prices. We employ risk management strategies, which may include the use of a variety of derivatives including cross currency swaps, foreign currency and prepaid forwards and collars, interest rate and commodity swap agreements and interest rate locks. We do not hold derivatives for trading purposes.

We measure all derivatives, including derivatives embedded in other financial instruments, at fair value and recognize them as either assets or liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. Our derivative instruments are valued primarily using models based on readily observable market parameters for all substantial terms of our derivative contracts and thus are classified as Level 2. Changes in the fair values of derivative instruments not qualifying as hedges or any ineffective portion of hedges are recognized in earnings in the current period. Changes in the fair values of derivative instruments used effectively as fair value hedges are recognized in earnings, along with changes in the fair value of the hedged item. Changes in the fair value of the effective portions of cash flow hedges are reported in Other comprehensive income and recognized in earnings when the hedged item is recognized in earnings.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

During the first quarter of 2012, we adopted the accounting standard update regarding the presentation of comprehensive income. This update was issued to increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income. The update requires that all nonowner changes in stockholders’ equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate, but consecutive statements. In connection with the adoption of this standard our consolidated financial statements include a separate statement of comprehensive income.

During the first quarter of 2012, we adopted the accounting standard update regarding fair value measurement. This update was issued to provide a consistent definition of fair value and ensure that the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements are similar between U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. This standard update also changes certain fair value measurement principles and enhances the disclosure requirements particularly for Level 3 fair value measurements. The adoption of this standard update did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

During the first quarter of 2012, we adopted the accounting standard update regarding testing of goodwill for impairment. This standard update gives companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment to first assess whether the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If an entity determines it is not more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then performing the two-step impairment test is unnecessary. The Company did not elect to use the qualitative assessment in 2012.


Recent Accounting Standards

In July 2012, the accounting standard update regarding testing of intangible assets for impairment was issued. This standard update allows companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. An entity is not required to calculate the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset and perform the quantitative impairment test unless the entity determines that it is more likely than not the asset is impaired. We will adopt this standard update during the first quarter of 2013. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2013, the accounting standard update regarding reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income was issued. This standard update requires companies to report the effect of significant reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the respective line items in our consolidated statements of income if the amount being reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in its entirety to net income. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income in the same reporting period, an entity is required to cross-reference other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. We will adopt this standard in the first quarter of 2013. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 2

Acquisitions and Divestitures

Verizon Wireless

Spectrum Licenses

During the third quarter of 2012, after receiving the required regulatory approvals, Verizon Wireless completed the following previously announced transactions in which we acquired wireless spectrum that will be used to deploy additional fourth-generation (4G) Long Term Evolution (LTE) capacity:

 

   

Verizon Wireless acquired Advanced Wireless Service (AWS) spectrum in separate transactions with SpectrumCo, LLC (SpectrumCo) and Cox TMI Wireless, LLC for which it paid an aggregate of $3.9 billion at the time of the closings. Verizon Wireless has also recorded a liability of $0.4 billion related to a three-year service obligation to SpectrumCo’s members pursuant to commercial agreements executed concurrently with the SpectrumCo transaction.

 

   

Verizon Wireless completed license purchase and exchange transactions with Leap Wireless, Savary Island Wireless, which is majority owned by Leap Wireless, and a subsidiary of T-Mobile USA, Inc. (T-Mobile). As a result of these transactions, Verizon Wireless received an aggregate $2.6 billion of AWS and PCS licenses at fair value and net cash proceeds of $0.2 billion, transferred certain AWS licenses to T-Mobile and a 700 megahertz (MHz) lower A block license to Leap Wireless, and recorded an immaterial gain.

During 2011, Verizon Wireless entered into commercial agreements, modified in 2012, with affiliates of Comcast Corporation, Time Warner Cable, Bright House Networks and Cox Communications Inc. (the cable companies). Through these agreements, the cable companies and Verizon Wireless became agents to sell certain of one another’s products and services and, over time, the cable companies will have the option, subject to the terms and conditions of the agreements, of selling Verizon Wireless service on a wholesale basis.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, we entered into license exchange agreements with T-Mobile and Cricket License Company, LLC, a subsidiary of Leap Wireless, to exchange certain AWS licenses. These non-cash exchanges, which are subject to approval by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and other customary closing conditions, are expected to close in 2013. The exchange includes a number of intra-market swaps that will result in more efficient use of the AWS band. As a result of these transactions, we expect to record an immaterial gain.

On April 18, 2012, we announced plans to initiate an open sale process for all of our 700 MHz lower A and B block spectrum licenses, subject to the receipt of acceptable bids. We acquired these licenses as part of FCC Auction 73 in 2008. On January 25, 2013, Verizon Wireless agreed to sell 39 lower 700 MHz B block spectrum licenses to AT&T Inc. (AT&T) in exchange for a payment of $1.9 billion and the transfer by AT&T to Verizon Wireless of AWS (10 MHz) licenses in certain markets in the western United States. Verizon Wireless also agreed to sell certain lower 700 MHz B block spectrum licenses to an investment firm for a payment of $0.2 billion. These transactions are subject to approval by the FCC and the Department of Justice (DOJ). When finalized, the sales will result in the completion of the open sale process. We expect to deploy the remaining licenses as necessary to meet our own spectrum needs.

Alltel Divestiture Markets

As a condition of the regulatory approvals to complete the acquisition of Alltel Corporation (Alltel) in January 2009, Verizon Wireless was required to divest overlapping properties in 105 operating markets in 24 states (Alltel Divestiture Markets). During the second quarter of 2010, AT&T


Mobility acquired 79 of the 105 Alltel Divestiture Markets, including licenses and network assets, for approximately $2.4 billion in cash and Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. acquired the remaining 26 Alltel Divestiture Markets, including licenses and network assets, for $0.2 billion in cash.

During the second quarter of 2010, we recorded a tax charge of approximately $0.2 billion for the taxable gain associated with these transactions.

Other

During 2012, we acquired various other wireless licenses and markets for cash consideration that was not significant and recorded $0.2 billion of goodwill as a result of these transactions.

During 2011, we acquired various other wireless licenses and markets for cash consideration that was not significant.

During 2010, Verizon Wireless acquired the net assets and related customers of six operating markets in Louisiana and Mississippi in a transaction with AT&T for cash consideration of $0.2 billion. The purchase price allocation resulted in $0.1 billion of wireless licenses and $0.1 billion in goodwill.

Merger Integration Charges

During 2010, we recorded pre-tax merger integration charges of $0.9 billion primarily related to the Alltel acquisition. These charges were primarily due to the decommissioning of overlapping cell sites, preacquisition contingencies, handset conversions and trade name amortization.

Wireline

HUGHES Telematics, Inc.

On June 1, 2012, we agreed to acquire HUGHES Telematics, Inc. (HUGHES Telematics) for approximately $12 per share in cash for a total acquisition price of $0.6 billion and we completed the acquisition on July 26, 2012. As a result of the transaction, HUGHES Telematics became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. The consolidated financial statements include the results of HUGHES Telematics’ operations from the date the acquisition closed. Upon closing, we recorded approximately $0.6 billion of goodwill, $0.1 billion of other intangibles, and assumed the debt obligations of HUGHES Telematics, which were approximately $0.1 billion as of the date of acquisition, and which were repaid by Verizon. Had this acquisition been completed on January 1, 2012 or 2011, the results of the acquired operations of HUGHES Telematics would not have had a significant impact on the consolidated net income attributable to Verizon. The acquisition has accelerated our ability to bring more telematics offerings to market for existing and new HUGHES Telematics and Verizon customers.

The acquisition of HUGHES Telematics was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method. The cost of the acquisition was allocated to the assets and liabilities acquired based on their fair values as of the close of the acquisition, with the excess amount being recorded as goodwill.

Terremark Worldwide, Inc.

During April 2011, we acquired Terremark Worldwide, Inc. (Terremark), a global provider of information technology infrastructure and cloud services, for $19 per share in cash. Closing and other direct acquisition-related costs totaled approximately $13 million after-tax. The acquisition was completed via a “short-form” merger under Delaware law through which Terremark became a wholly owned subsidiary of Verizon. The acquisition enhanced Verizon’s offerings to business and government customers globally.

The consolidated financial statements include the results of Terremark’s operations from the date the acquisition closed. Had this acquisition been consummated on January 1, 2011 or 2010, the results of Terremark’s acquired operations would not have had a significant impact on the consolidated net income attributable to Verizon. The debt obligations of Terremark that were outstanding at the time of its acquisition by Verizon were repaid during May 2011.

The acquisition of Terremark was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method. The cost of the acquisition was allocated to the assets and liabilities acquired based on their fair values as of the close of the acquisition, with the excess amount being recorded as goodwill. The fair values of the assets and liabilities acquired were determined using the income and cost approaches. The income approach was primarily used to value the intangible assets, consisting primarily of customer relationships. The cost approach was used, as appropriate, for plant, property and equipment. The fair value of the majority of the long-term debt acquired was primarily valued based on redemption prices. The final purchase price allocation presented below includes insignificant adjustments from the initial purchase price to the values of certain assets and liabilities acquired.


The following table summarizes the allocation of the acquisition cost to the assets acquired, including cash acquired of $0.1 billion, and liabilities acquired as of the acquisition date:

 

(dollars in millions)    Final Purchase
Price Allocation
 

Assets

  

Current assets

   $ 221  

Plant, property and equipment

     521  

Goodwill

     1,211  

Intangible assets subject to amortization

     410  

Other assets

     12  
  

 

 

 

Total assets

     2,375  
  

 

 

 

Liabilities

  

Current liabilities

     158  

Debt maturing within one year

     748  

Deferred income taxes and other liabilities

     75  
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     981  
  

 

 

 

Net assets acquired

   $ 1,394  
  

 

 

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization include customer lists which are being amortized on a straight-line basis over 13 years, and other intangibles which are being amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of 5 years.

Telephone Access Line Spin-off

On July 1, 2010, after receiving regulatory approval, we completed the spin-off of the shares of a newly formed subsidiary of Verizon (Spinco) to Verizon stockholders and the merger of Spinco with Frontier Communications Corporation (Frontier). Spinco held defined assets and liabilities that were used in Verizon’s local exchange businesses and related activities in 14 states. The total value of the transaction to Verizon and its stockholders was approximately $8.6 billion. The accompanying consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2010 include these operations prior to the completion of the spin-off.

During 2010, we recorded pre-tax charges of $0.5 billion, primarily for costs incurred related to network, non-network software and other activities to enable the divested markets in the transaction with Frontier to operate on a stand-alone basis subsequent to the closing of the transaction; professional advisory and legal fees in connection with this transaction; and fees related to the early extinguishment of debt from the use of proceeds from the transaction.

Other

In February 2012, Verizon entered into a venture with Redbox Automated Retail, LLC (Redbox), a subsidiary of Coinstar, Inc., to offer customers nationwide access to media rentals through online and mobile content streaming as well as physical media rentals through Redbox kiosks. Verizon holds a 65% majority ownership share in the venture and Redbox holds a 35% ownership share. The venture is consolidated by Verizon for reporting purposes. In December 2012, the venture introduced its product portfolio, which includes subscription services, under the name Redbox Instant by Verizon. The initial funding related to the formation of the venture is not significant to Verizon.

During 2011, we acquired a provider of cloud software technology for cash consideration that was not significant.


Note 3

Wireless Licenses, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Wireless Licenses

Changes in the carrying amount of Wireless licenses are as follows:

 

      (dollars in millions)  

Balance at January 1, 2011

   $             72,996  

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     58  

Capitalized interest on wireless licenses

     196  
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 73,250  

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     4,544  

Capitalized interest on wireless licenses

     205  

Reclassifications, adjustments and other

     (255)   
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

   $ 77,744  
  

 

 

 

Reclassifications, adjustments, and other includes the exchanges of wireless licenses in 2012. See Note 2 (“Acquisitions and Divestitures”) for additional details.

At December 31, 2012 and 2011, approximately $7.3 billion and $2.2 billion, respectively, of wireless licenses were under development for commercial service for which we were capitalizing interest costs.

The average remaining renewal period of our wireless license portfolio was 6.1 years as of December 31, 2012 (see Note 1, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets – Intangible Assets Not Subject to Amortization).

Goodwill

Changes in the carrying amount of Goodwill are as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
      Verizon
Wireless
     Wireline      Total  

Balance at January 1, 2011

   $   17,869      $   4,119      $   21,988  

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     94        1,275        1,369  
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

   $ 17,963      $ 5,394      $ 23,357  

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     209        551        760  

Reclassifications, adjustments and other

            22        22  
  

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

   $ 18,172      $ 5,967      $ 24,139  
  

 

 

 


Other Intangible Assets

The following table displays the composition of Other intangible assets, net:

 

                   (dollars in millions)  
     2012        2011  
At December 31,    Gross
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount
     Gross
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount
 

Customer lists (6 to 13 years)

   $ 3,556      $ (2,338   $ 1,218      $ 3,529      $ (2,052   $ 1,477  

Non-network internal-use software (3 to 7 years)

     10,415        (6,210     4,205        9,536        (5,487     4,049  

Other (2 to 25 years)

     802        (292     510        561        (209     352  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $   14,773      $ (8,840   $   5,933      $   13,626      $ (7,748   $   5,878  
  

 

 

 

The amortization expense for Other intangible assets was as follows:

 

Years    (dollars in millions)  

2012

   $ 1,540  

2011

     1,505  

2010

     1,812  

Estimated annual amortization expense for Other intangible assets is as follows:

 

Years    (dollars in millions)  

2013

   $ 1,633  

2014

     1,176  

2015

     988  

2016

     790  

2017

     593  

 

Note 4

Plant, Property and Equipment

The following table displays the details of Plant, property and equipment, which is stated at cost:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
At December 31,    Lives (years)    2012      2011  

Land

      $ 859      $ 862  

Buildings and equipment

   15-45      22,909        21,969  

Central office and other network equipment

   3-15      113,262        107,322  

Cable, poles and conduit

   11-50      53,761        67,190  

Leasehold improvements

   5-20      5,404        5,030  

Work in progress

        4,126        3,417  

Furniture, vehicles and other

   3-20      9,254        9,836  
     

 

 

 
        209,575        215,626  

Less accumulated depreciation

        120,933        127,192  
     

 

 

 

Total

      $ 88,642      $ 88,434  
     

 

 

 


Note 5

Investments in Unconsolidated Businesses

Our investments in unconsolidated businesses are comprised of the following:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
At December 31,    Ownership     2012      2011  

Equity Investees

       

Vodafone Omnitel

     23.1   $ 2,200      $ 2,083  

Other

     Various        1,106        1,320  
    

 

 

 

Total equity investees

       3,306        3,403  

Cost Investees

     Various        95        45  
    

 

 

 

Total investments in unconsolidated businesses

     $ 3,401      $ 3,448  
    

 

 

 

Dividends and repatriations of foreign earnings received from these investees amounted to $0.4 billion in 2012, $0.5 billion in 2011 and $0.5 billion in 2010. See Note 12 regarding undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries.

Equity Method Investments

Vodafone Omnitel

Vodafone Omnitel N.V. (Vodafone Omnitel) is one of the largest wireless communications companies in Italy. At December 31, 2012 and 2011, our investment in Vodafone Omnitel included goodwill of $1.0 billion, respectively.

Other Equity Investees

We have limited partnership investments in entities that invest in affordable housing projects, for which we provide funding as a limited partner and receive tax deductions and tax credits based on our partnership interests. At December 31, 2012 and 2011, we had equity investments in these partnerships of $0.9 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively. We adjust the carrying value of these investments for any losses incurred by the limited partnerships through earnings.

The remaining investments include wireless partnerships in the U.S. and other smaller domestic and international investments.


Summarized Financial Information

Summarized financial information for our equity investees is as follows:

Balance Sheet

 

     (dollars in millions)   
At December 31,    2012      2011  

Current Assets

   $ 3,516      $ 3,720  

Noncurrent Assets

     8,159        8,469  
  

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 11,675      $ 12,189  
  

 

 

 

Current liabilities

   $ 5,526      $ 6,123  

Noncurrent liabilities

     5        8  

Equity

     6,144        6,058  
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 11,675      $ 12,189  
  

 

 

 

Income Statement

 

     (dollars in millions)   
Years Ended December 31,    2012      2011      2010  

Net revenue

   $ 10,825      $ 12,668      $ 12,356  

Operating income

     2,823        4,021        4,156  

Net income

     1,679        2,451        2,563  

 

Note 6

Noncontrolling Interest

Noncontrolling interests in equity of subsidiaries were as follows:

 

     (dollars in millions)  
At December 31,    2012      2011  

Noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries:

     

Verizon Wireless

   $ 51,492      $ 49,165  

Wireless partnerships and other

     884        773  
  

 

 

 
   $ 52,376      $ 49,938  
  

 

 

 

Wireless Joint Venture

Our Verizon Wireless segment is primarily comprised of Cellco Partnership doing business as Verizon Wireless (Verizon Wireless). Cellco Partnership is a joint venture formed in April 2000 by the combination of the U.S. wireless operations and interests of Verizon and Vodafone. Verizon owns a controlling 55% interest in Verizon Wireless and Vodafone owns the remaining 45%.

Special Distributions

In November 2012, the Board of Representatives of Verizon Wireless declared a distribution to its owners, which was paid in the fourth quarter of 2012 in proportion to their partnership interests on the payment date, in the aggregate amount of $8.5 billion. As a result, Vodafone received a cash payment of $3.8 billion and the remainder of the distribution was received by Verizon.

In July 2011, the Board of Representatives of Verizon Wireless declared a distribution to its owners, which was paid in the first quarter of 2012 in proportion to their partnership interests on the payment date, in the aggregate amount of $10 billion. As a result, Vodafone received a cash payment of $4.5 billion and the remainder of the distribution was received by Verizon.