10-Q 1 unh201833110-q.htm 10-Q Document
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________________________ 
Form 10-Q
__________________________________________________________ 
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2018
or
[ ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _______ TO _______
Commission file number: 1-10864
__________________________________________________________ 
    uhglogo1a01a01a12.jpg
UnitedHealth Group Incorporated
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 __________________________________________________________ 
Delaware
 
41-1321939
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
UnitedHealth Group Center
9900 Bren Road East
Minnetonka, Minnesota
 
55343
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(952) 936-1300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
__________________________________________________________  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one)
Large accelerated filer
[X]
 
Accelerated filer
[ ]
 
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
[ ]
Smaller reporting company
[ ]
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
[ ]
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes [ ] No [X]
As of April 30, 2018, there were 960,981,242 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $.01 par value per share, issued and outstanding.
 
 
 
 
 

UNITEDHEALTH GROUP
Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




PART I
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
UnitedHealth Group
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except per share data)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
18,243

 
$
11,981

Short-term investments
 
3,798

 
3,509

Accounts receivable, net
 
11,512

 
9,568

Other current receivables, net
 
6,778

 
6,262

Assets under management
 
2,922

 
3,101

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
5,100

 
2,663

Total current assets
 
48,353

 
37,084

Long-term investments
 
29,441

 
28,341

Property, equipment and capitalized software, net
 
8,144

 
7,013

Goodwill
 
56,850

 
54,556

Other intangible assets, net
 
9,033

 
8,489

Other assets
 
3,748

 
3,575

Total assets
 
$
155,569

 
$
139,058

Liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Medical costs payable
 
$
19,589

 
$
17,871

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
18,210

 
15,180

Commercial paper and current maturities of long-term debt
 
7,379

 
2,857

Unearned revenues
 
7,683

 
2,269

Other current liabilities
 
14,806

 
12,286

Total current liabilities
 
67,667

 
50,463

Long-term debt, less current maturities
 
28,206

 
28,835

Deferred income taxes
 
2,213

 
2,182

Other liabilities
 
5,557

 
5,556

Total liabilities
 
103,643

 
87,036

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)
 


 


Redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
1,890

 
2,189

Equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value - 10 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding
 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value - 3,000 shares authorized; 962 and 969 issued and outstanding
 
10

 
10

Additional paid-in capital
 

 
1,703

Retained earnings
 
50,494

 
48,730

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(2,951
)
 
(2,667
)
Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
2,483

 
2,057

Total equity
 
50,036

 
49,833

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and equity
 
$
155,569

 
$
139,058



1


UnitedHealth Group
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Premiums
 
$
44,084

 
$
38,938

Products
 
6,702

 
6,129

Services
 
4,104

 
3,434

Investment and other income
 
298

 
222

Total revenues
 
55,188

 
48,723

Operating costs:
 
 
 
 
Medical costs
 
35,863

 
32,079

Operating costs
 
8,506

 
7,022

Cost of products sold
 
6,184

 
5,676

Depreciation and amortization
 
582

 
533

Total operating costs
 
51,135

 
45,310

Earnings from operations
 
4,053

 
3,413

Interest expense
 
(329
)
 
(283
)
Earnings before income taxes
 
3,724

 
3,130

Provision for income taxes
 
(800
)
 
(939
)
Net earnings
 
2,924

 
2,191

Earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(88
)
 
(19
)
Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders
 
$
2,836

 
$
2,172

Earnings per share attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
2.94

 
$
2.28

Diluted
 
$
2.87

 
$
2.23

Basic weighted-average number of common shares outstanding
 
966

 
954

Dilutive effect of common share equivalents
 
21

 
21

Diluted weighted-average number of common shares outstanding
 
987

 
975

Anti-dilutive shares excluded from the calculation of dilutive effect of common share equivalents
 
7

 
9

Cash dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.750

 
$
0.625



2



UnitedHealth Group
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
Net earnings
 
$
2,924

 
$
2,191

Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
Gross unrealized (losses) gains on investment securities during the period
 
(378
)
 
99

Income tax effect
 
86

 
(32
)
Total unrealized (losses) gains, net of tax
 
(292
)
 
67

Gross reclassification adjustment for net realized gains included in net earnings
 
(19
)
 
(21
)
Income tax effect
 
4

 
8

Total reclassification adjustment, net of tax
 
(15
)
 
(13
)
Total foreign currency translation (loss) gain
 
(1
)
 
180

Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
(308
)
 
234

Comprehensive income
 
2,616

 
2,425

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(88
)
 
(19
)
Comprehensive income attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders
 
$
2,528

 
$
2,406



3


UnitedHealth Group
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)
Income
 
Nonredeemable Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total
Equity
(in millions)
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Net Unrealized (Losses) Gains on Investments
 
Foreign Currency Translation (Losses) Gains
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
969

 
$
10

 
$
1,703

 
$
48,730

 
$
(13
)
 
$
(2,654
)
 
$
2,057

 
$
49,833

Adjustment to adopt ASU 2016-01
 

 

 

 
(24
)
 
24

 

 

 

Net earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,836

 
 
 
 
 
53

 
2,889

Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(307
)
 
(1
)
 
 
 
(308
)
Issuances of common stock,
and related tax effects
 
5

 

 
415

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
415

Share-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
206

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
206

Common share repurchases
 
(12
)
 

 
(2,324
)
 
(326
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,650
)
Cash dividends paid on common shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(722
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(722
)
Acquisition of nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
423

 
423

Distribution to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(50
)
 
(50
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
962

 
$
10

 
$

 
$
50,494

 
$
(296
)
 
$
(2,655
)
 
$
2,483

 
$
50,036

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2017
 
952

 
$
10

 
$

 
$
40,945

 
$
(97
)
 
$
(2,584
)
 
$
(97
)
 
$
38,177

Net earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,172

 
 
 
 
 
9

 
2,181

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
54

 
180

 
 
 
234

Issuances of common stock, and related tax effects
 
17

 

 
1,923

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,923

Share-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
189

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
189

Common share repurchases
 
(4
)
 

 
(682
)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(682
)
Cash dividends paid on common shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(596
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(596
)
Redeemable noncontrolling interests fair value and other adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
389

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
389

Acquisition of nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,191

 
2,191

Distribution to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(11
)
 
(11
)
Balance at March 31, 2017
 
965

 
$
10

 
$
1,819

 
$
42,521

 
$
(43
)
 
$
(2,404
)
 
$
2,092

 
$
43,995




4


UnitedHealth Group
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
 
$
2,924

 
$
2,191

Noncash items:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
582

 
533

Deferred income taxes
 
(74
)
 
(89
)
Share-based compensation
 
208

 
196

Other, net
 
27

 
43

Net change in other operating items, net of effects from acquisitions and changes in AARP balances:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(1,579
)
 
(1,232
)
Other assets
 
(3,232
)
 
(998
)
Medical costs payable
 
1,313

 
1,024

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
2,821

 
292

Unearned revenues
 
5,379

 
4,496

Cash flows from operating activities
 
8,369

 
6,456

Investing activities
 
 
 
 
Purchases of investments
 
(3,891
)
 
(3,683
)
Sales of investments
 
1,002

 
1,018

Maturities of investments
 
1,504

 
1,326

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash assumed
 
(2,583
)
 
(468
)
Purchases of property, equipment and capitalized software
 
(477
)
 
(507
)
Other, net
 
(72
)
 
25

Cash flows used for investing activities
 
(4,517
)
 
(2,289
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
Common share repurchases
 
(2,650
)
 
(682
)
Cash dividends paid
 
(722
)
 
(596
)
Proceeds from common stock issuances
 
295

 
270

Repayments of long-term debt
 
(1,100
)
 
(1,392
)
Proceeds from (repayments of) commercial paper, net
 
4,259

 
(139
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 

 
1,342

Customer funds administered
 
2,962

 
3,217

Other, net
 
(622
)
 
(495
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 
2,422

 
1,525

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(12
)
 
20

Increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
6,262

 
5,712

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
11,981

 
10,430

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
18,243

 
$
16,142

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing activities
 
 
 
 
Common stock issued for acquisition
 
$

 
$
1,860



5


UnitedHealth Group
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation
UnitedHealth Group Incorporated (individually and together with its subsidiaries, “UnitedHealth Group” and the “Company”) is a diversified health care company dedicated to helping people live healthier lives and helping make the health system work better for everyone. Through its diversified family of businesses, the Company leverages core competencies in data and health information; advanced technology; and clinical expertise to help meet the demands of the health system. These core competencies are deployed within two distinct, but strategically aligned, business platforms: health benefits operating under UnitedHealthcare and health services operating under Optum.
The Company has prepared the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements according to U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and has included the accounts of UnitedHealth Group and its subsidiaries. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. In accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Company has omitted certain footnote disclosures that would substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in its annual audited Consolidated Financial Statements. Therefore, these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read together with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes included in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 as filed with the SEC (2017 10-K). The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present the interim financial statements fairly.
Use of Estimates
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include certain amounts based on the Company’s best estimates and judgments. The Company’s most significant estimates relate to medical costs payable, revenues, and goodwill and other intangible assets. Certain of these estimates require the application of complex assumptions and judgments, often because they involve matters that are inherently uncertain and will likely change in subsequent periods. The impact of any change in estimates is included in earnings in the period in which the estimate is adjusted.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standard Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (ASU 2016-02). Under ASU 2016-02, an entity will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by leases on the entity’s balance sheet for both finance and operating leases. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, an entity can elect to not recognize lease assets and lease liabilities and expense the lease over a straight-line basis for the term of the lease. ASU 2016-02 will require new disclosures that depict the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows pertaining to an entity’s leases. Companies are required to adopt the new standard using a modified retrospective approach for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption of ASU 2016-02 is permitted. When adopted, ASU 2016-02 will not have a material impact on the Company’s balance sheet, results of operations, equity or cash flows.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” (ASU 2016-01). Most notably, the new guidance requires that equity investments, with certain exemptions, be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income as opposed to other comprehensive income. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 on a prospective basis effective January 1, 2018, as required, and reclassified $24 million from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.
The Company has determined that there have been no other recently adopted or issued accounting standards that had, or will have, a material impact on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


2.    Investments
A summary of debt securities by major security type is as follows:
(in millions)
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
$
2,939

 
$
1

 
$
(54
)
 
$
2,886

State and municipal obligations
 
7,190

 
43

 
(94
)
 
7,139

Corporate obligations
 
14,411

 
15

 
(167
)
 
14,259

U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
4,423

 
3

 
(110
)
 
4,316

Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
1,162

 

 
(20
)
 
1,142

Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
30,125

 
62

 
(445
)
 
29,742

Debt securities - held-to-maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
249

 
1

 
(2
)
 
248

State and municipal obligations
 
2

 

 

 
2

Corporate obligations
 
340

 

 

 
340

Total debt securities - held-to-maturity
 
591

 
1

 
(2
)
 
590

Total debt securities
 
$
30,716

 
$
63

 
$
(447
)
 
$
30,332

December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
$
2,673

 
$
1

 
$
(30
)
 
$
2,644

State and municipal obligations
 
7,596

 
99

 
(35
)
 
7,660

Corporate obligations
 
13,181

 
57

 
(44
)
 
13,194

U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
3,942

 
7

 
(38
)
 
3,911

Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
1,018

 
3

 
(6
)
 
1,015

Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
28,410

 
167

 
(153
)
 
28,424

Debt securities - held-to-maturity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
254

 
1

 
(1
)
 
254

State and municipal obligations
 
2

 

 

 
2

Corporate obligations
 
280

 

 

 
280

Total debt securities - held-to-maturity
 
536

 
1

 
(1
)
 
536

Total debt securities
 
$
28,946

 
$
168

 
$
(154
)
 
$
28,960

The Company held $1.9 billion and $2.0 billion of equity securities as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company’s investments in equity securities primarily consist of investments in Brazilian real denominated fixed-income funds, employee savings plan related investments and dividend paying stocks, with readily determinable fair values.
Additionally, the Company’s investments included $959 million and $898 million of equity method investments in operating businesses in the health care sector as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

7


The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities as of March 31, 2018, by contractual maturity, were as follows:
 
 
Available-for-Sale
 
Held-to-Maturity
(in millions)
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
Due in one year or less
 
$
3,923

 
$
3,915

 
$
135

 
$
135

Due after one year through five years
 
11,400

 
11,273

 
202

 
200

Due after five years through ten years
 
6,874

 
6,766

 
103

 
103

Due after ten years
 
2,343

 
2,330

 
151

 
152

U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
4,423

 
4,316

 

 

Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
1,162

 
1,142

 

 

Total debt securities
 
$
30,125

 
$
29,742

 
$
591

 
$
590

The fair value of available-for-sale debt securities with gross unrealized losses by security type and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position were as follows:
 
 
Less Than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
 Total
(in millions)
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
$
1,787

 
$
(25
)
 
$
945

 
$
(29
)
 
$
2,732

 
$
(54
)
State and municipal obligations
 
3,958

 
(66
)
 
781

 
(28
)
 
4,739

 
(94
)
Corporate obligations
 
9,998

 
(129
)
 
1,193

 
(38
)
 
11,191

 
(167
)
U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
2,775

 
(61
)
 
1,127

 
(49
)
 
3,902

 
(110
)
Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
863

 
(15
)
 
136

 
(5
)
 
999

 
(20
)
Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
$
19,381

 
$
(296
)
 
$
4,182

 
$
(149
)
 
$
23,563

 
$
(445
)
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
$
1,249

 
$
(8
)
 
$
1,027

 
$
(22
)
 
$
2,276

 
$
(30
)
State and municipal obligations
 
2,599

 
(21
)
 
866

 
(14
)
 
3,465

 
(35
)
Corporate obligations
 
5,901

 
(23
)
 
1,242

 
(21
)
 
7,143

 
(44
)
U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
1,657

 
(12
)
 
1,162

 
(26
)
 
2,819

 
(38
)
Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 
411

 
(3
)
 
144

 
(3
)
 
555

 
(6
)
Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
$
11,817

 
$
(67
)
 
$
4,441

 
$
(86
)
 
$
16,258

 
$
(153
)
The Company’s unrealized losses from debt securities as of March 31, 2018 were generated from 18,000 positions out of a total of 28,000 positions. The Company believes that it will collect the principal and interest due on its debt securities that have an amortized cost in excess of fair value. The unrealized losses were primarily caused by interest rate increases and not by unfavorable changes in the credit quality associated with these securities. At each reporting period, the Company evaluates securities for impairment when the fair value of the investment is less than its amortized cost. The Company evaluated the underlying credit quality and credit ratings of the issuers, noting no significant deterioration since purchase. As of March 31, 2018, the Company did not have the intent to sell any of the securities in an unrealized loss position. Therefore, the Company believes these losses to be temporary.
3.    Fair Value
Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or have fair values disclosed in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. These assets and liabilities are classified into one of three levels of a hierarchy defined by GAAP.

8


For a description of the methods and assumptions that are used to estimate the fair value and determine the fair value hierarchy classification of each class of financial instrument, see Note 4 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements” in the 2017 10-K.
The following table presents a summary of fair value measurements by level and carrying values for items measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(in millions)
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Fair and Carrying
Value
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
16,249

 
$
1,994

 
$

 
$
18,243

Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
2,631

 
255

 

 
2,886

State and municipal obligations
 

 
7,139

 

 
7,139

Corporate obligations
 
50

 
14,068

 
141

 
14,259

U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 

 
4,316

 

 
4,316

Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 

 
1,142

 

 
1,142

Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
2,681

 
26,920

 
141

 
29,742

Equity securities
 
1,791

 
13

 
143

 
1,947

Assets under management
 
950

 
1,972

 

 
2,922

Total assets at fair value

$
21,671

 
$
30,899

 
$
284

 
$
52,854

Percentage of total assets at fair value
 
41
%
 
58
%
 
1
%
 
100
%
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
11,718

 
$
263

 
$

 
$
11,981

Debt securities - available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government and agency obligations
 
2,428

 
216

 

 
2,644

State and municipal obligations
 

 
7,660

 

 
7,660

Corporate obligations
 
65

 
12,989

 
140

 
13,194

U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 

 
3,911

 

 
3,911

Non-U.S. agency mortgage-backed securities
 

 
1,015

 

 
1,015

Total debt securities - available-for-sale
 
2,493

 
25,791

 
140

 
28,424

Equity securities
 
1,784

 
14

 
194

 
1,992

Assets under management
 
1,117

 
1,984

 

 
3,101

Total assets at fair value
 
$
17,112

 
$
28,052

 
$
334

 
$
45,498

Percentage of total assets at fair value
 
38
%
 
61
%
 
1
%
 
100
%
Transfers between levels, if any, are recorded as of the beginning of the reporting period in which the transfer occurs; there were no transfers between Levels 1, 2 or 3 of any financial assets or liabilities during the three months ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

9


The following table presents a summary of fair value measurements by level and carrying values for certain financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(in millions)
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Fair
Value
 
Total Carrying Value
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - held-to-maturity
 
$
260

 
$
66

 
$
264

 
$
590

 
$
591

Long-term debt and other financing obligations
 
$

 
$
32,892

 
$

 
$
32,892

 
$
31,162

December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities - held-to-maturity
 
$
267

 
$
4

 
$
265

 
$
536

 
$
536

Long-term debt and other financing obligations
 
$

 
$
34,504

 
$

 
$
34,504

 
$
31,542

Nonfinancial assets and liabilities or financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis are subject to fair value adjustments only in certain circumstances, such as when the Company records an impairment. There were no significant fair value adjustments for these assets and liabilities recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.
4.    Medical Costs Payable
The following table shows the components of the change in medical costs payable for the three months ended March 31:
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
Medical costs payable, beginning of period
 
$
17,871

 
$
16,391

Acquisitions
 
211

 
76

Reported medical costs:
 
 
 
 
Current year
 
36,153

 
32,529

Prior years
 
(290
)
 
(450
)
Total reported medical costs
 
35,863

 
32,079

Medical payments:
 
 
 
 
Payments for current year
 
(21,237
)
 
(18,742
)
Payments for prior years
 
(13,119
)
 
(12,154
)
Total medical payments
 
(34,356
)
 
(30,896
)
Medical costs payable, end of period
 
$
19,589

 
$
17,650

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the medical cost reserve development included no individual factors that were significant. Medical costs payable included reserves for claims incurred by insured customers but not yet reported to the Company of $13.3 billion and $12.3 billion at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

10


5.     Commercial Paper and Long-Term Debt
Commercial paper and senior unsecured long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
(in millions, except percentages)
 
Par
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
 
Par
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
Commercial paper
 
$
4,427

 
$
4,423

 
$
4,423

 
$
150

 
$
150

 
$
150

6.000% notes due February 2018
 

 

 

 
1,100

 
1,101

 
1,106

1.900% notes due July 2018
 
1,500

 
1,499

 
1,498

 
1,500

 
1,499

 
1,501

1.700% notes due February 2019
 
750

 
749

 
744

 
750

 
749

 
747

1.625% notes due March 2019
 
500

 
501

 
495

 
500

 
501

 
497

2.300% notes due December 2019
 
500

 
491

 
495

 
500

 
495

 
501

2.700% notes due July 2020
 
1,500

 
1,497

 
1,493

 
1,500

 
1,496

 
1,517

Floating rate notes due October 2020
 
300

 
299

 
299

 
300

 
299

 
300

3.875% notes due October 2020
 
450

 
441

 
459

 
450

 
446

 
467

1.950% notes due October 2020
 
900

 
896

 
879

 
900

 
895

 
892

4.700% notes due February 2021
 
400

 
398

 
418

 
400

 
403

 
425

2.125% notes due March 2021
 
750

 
747

 
731

 
750

 
746

 
744

3.375% notes due November 2021
 
500

 
485

 
504

 
500

 
493

 
516

2.875% notes due December 2021
 
750

 
729

 
743

 
750

 
741

 
760

2.875% notes due March 2022
 
1,100

 
1,037

 
1,088

 
1,100

 
1,054

 
1,114

3.350% notes due July 2022
 
1,000

 
996

 
1,005

 
1,000

 
996

 
1,033

2.375% notes due October 2022
 
900

 
893

 
866

 
900

 
893

 
891

0.000% notes due November 2022
 
15

 
12

 
12

 
15

 
12

 
12

2.750% notes due February 2023
 
625

 
594

 
611

 
625

 
606

 
626

2.875% notes due March 2023
 
750

 
745

 
738

 
750

 
762

 
759

3.750% notes due July 2025
 
2,000

 
1,988

 
2,026

 
2,000

 
1,987

 
2,108

3.100% notes due March 2026
 
1,000

 
995

 
969

 
1,000

 
995

 
1,007

3.450% notes due January 2027
 
750

 
745

 
743

 
750

 
745

 
776

3.375% notes due April 2027
 
625

 
619

 
615

 
625

 
618

 
642

2.950% notes due October 2027
 
950

 
937

 
903

 
950

 
937

 
947

4.625% notes due July 2035
 
1,000

 
991

 
1,094

 
1,000

 
991

 
1,165

5.800% notes due March 2036
 
850

 
838

 
1,042

 
850

 
837

 
1,105

6.500% notes due June 2037
 
500

 
492

 
660

 
500

 
491

 
698

6.625% notes due November 2037
 
650

 
641

 
869

 
650

 
641

 
923

6.875% notes due February 2038
 
1,100

 
1,075

 
1,511

 
1,100

 
1,075

 
1,596

5.700% notes due October 2040
 
300

 
296

 
371

 
300

 
296

 
389

5.950% notes due February 2041
 
350

 
345

 
443

 
350

 
345

 
466

4.625% notes due November 2041
 
600

 
588

 
644

 
600

 
588

 
685

4.375% notes due March 2042
 
502

 
483

 
524

 
502

 
483

 
555

3.950% notes due October 2042
 
625

 
607

 
614

 
625

 
607

 
650

4.250% notes due March 2043
 
750

 
734

 
771

 
750

 
734

 
822

4.750% notes due July 2045
 
2,000

 
1,972

 
2,201

 
2,000

 
1,972

 
2,362

4.200% notes due January 2047
 
750

 
738

 
759

 
750

 
738

 
808

4.250% notes due April 2047
 
725

 
717

 
741

 
725

 
717

 
798

3.750% notes due October 2047
 
950

 
933

 
895

 
950

 
933

 
969

Total commercial paper and long-term debt
 
$
34,594

 
$
34,166

 
$
35,896

 
$
31,417

 
$
31,067

 
$
34,029

The Company’s long-term debt obligations included $1.4 billion and $625 million of other financing obligations, of which $207 million and $107 million were classified as current as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Commercial Paper and Bank Credit Facilities
Commercial paper consists of short-duration, senior unsecured debt privately placed on a discount basis through broker-dealers. As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s outstanding commercial paper had a weighted-average annual interest rate of 2.0%.

11


The Company has $3.0 billion five-year, $3.0 billion three-year and $4.0 billion 364-day revolving bank credit facilities with 26 banks, which mature in December 2022, December 2020 and December 2018, respectively. These facilities provide liquidity support for the Company’s commercial paper program and are available for general corporate purposes. As of March 31, 2018, no amounts had been drawn on any of the bank credit facilities. The annual interest rates, which are variable based on term, are calculated based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus a credit spread based on the Company’s senior unsecured credit ratings. If amounts had been drawn on the bank credit facilities as of March 31, 2018, annual interest rates would have ranged from 2.7% to 3.3%.
Debt Covenants
The Company’s bank credit facilities contain various covenants, including covenants requiring the Company to maintain a defined debt to debt-plus-shareholders’ equity ratio of not more than 55%. The Company was in compliance with its debt covenants as of March 31, 2018.
6.    Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Matters
Because of the nature of its businesses, the Company is frequently made party to a variety of legal actions and regulatory inquiries, including class actions and suits brought by members, care providers, consumer advocacy organizations, customers and regulators, relating to the Company’s businesses, including management and administration of health benefit plans and other services. These matters include medical malpractice, employment, intellectual property, antitrust, privacy and contract claims and claims related to health care benefits coverage and other business practices.
The Company records liabilities for its estimates of probable costs resulting from these matters where appropriate. Estimates of costs resulting from legal and regulatory matters involving the Company are inherently difficult to predict, particularly where the matters: involve indeterminate claims for monetary damages or may involve fines, penalties or punitive damages; present novel legal theories or represent a shift in regulatory policy; involve a large number of claimants or regulatory bodies; are in the early stages of the proceedings; or could result in a change in business practices. Accordingly, the Company is often unable to estimate the losses or ranges of losses for those matters where there is a reasonable possibility or it is probable that a loss may be incurred.
Government Investigations, Audits and Reviews
The Company has been involved or is currently involved in various governmental investigations, audits and reviews. These include routine, regular and special investigations, audits and reviews by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), state insurance and health and welfare departments, the Brazilian national regulatory agency for private health insurance and plans (the Agência Nacional de Saúde Suplementar), state attorneys general, the Office of the Inspector General, the Office of Personnel Management, the Office of Civil Rights, the Government Accountability Office, the Federal Trade Commission, U.S. Congressional committees, the U.S. Department of Justice, the SEC, the Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, the Brazilian federal revenue service (the Secretaria da Receita Federal), the U.S. Department of Labor, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Defense Contract Audit Agency and other governmental authorities. Certain of the Company’s businesses have been reviewed or are currently under review, including for, among other matters, compliance with coding and other requirements under the Medicare risk-adjustment model. CMS has selected certain of the Company’s local plans for risk adjustment data validation (RADV) audits to validate the coding practices of and supporting documentation maintained by health care providers and such audits may result in retrospective adjustments to payments made to the Company’s health plans.
On February 14, 2017, the Department of Justice (DOJ) announced its decision to pursue certain claims within a lawsuit initially asserted against the Company and filed under seal by a whistleblower in 2011. The whistleblower’s complaint, which was unsealed on February 15, 2017, alleges that the Company made improper risk adjustment submissions and violated the False Claims Act. On February 12, 2018, the court granted in part and denied in part the Company’s motion to dismiss. The Company cannot reasonably estimate the outcome that may result from this matter given its procedural status.

12


7.    Segment Financial Information
The Company’s four reportable segments are UnitedHealthcare, OptumHealth, OptumInsight and OptumRx. For more information on the Company’s segments see Part I, Item I, “Business” and Note 13 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements” in the 2017 10-K.
The following tables present reportable segment financial information:
 
 
 
 
Optum
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
UnitedHealthcare
 
OptumHealth
 
OptumInsight
 
OptumRx
 
Optum Eliminations
 
Optum
 
Corporate and
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues - unaffiliated customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Premiums
 
$
43,237

 
$
847

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
847

 
$

 
$
44,084

Products
 

 
12

 
23

 
6,667

 

 
6,702

 

 
6,702

Services
 
2,039

 
1,188

 
740

 
137

 

 
2,065

 

 
4,104

Total revenues - unaffiliated customers
 
45,276

 
2,047

 
763

 
6,804

 

 
9,614

 

 
54,890

Total revenues - affiliated customers
 

 
3,606

 
1,304

 
9,295

 
(333
)
 
13,872

 
(13,872
)
 

Investment and other income
 
183

 
106

 
2

 
7

 

 
115

 

 
298

Total revenues
 
$
45,459

 
$
5,759

 
$
2,069

 
$
16,106

 
$
(333
)
 
$
23,601

 
$
(13,872
)
 
$
55,188

Earnings from operations
 
$
2,400

 
$
488

 
$
395

 
$
770

 
$

 
$
1,653

 
$

 
$
4,053

Interest expense
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(329
)
 
(329
)
Earnings before income taxes
 
$
2,400

 
$
488

 
$
395

 
$
770

 
$

 
$
1,653

 
$
(329
)
 
$
3,724

Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues - unaffiliated customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Premiums
 
$
38,053

 
$
885

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
885

 
$

 
$
38,938

Products
 

 
12

 
21

 
6,096

 

 
6,129

 

 
6,129

Services
 
1,922

 
721

 
642

 
149

 

 
1,512

 

 
3,434

Total revenues - unaffiliated customers
 
39,975

 
1,618

 
663

 
6,245

 

 
8,526

 

 
48,501

Total revenues - affiliated customers
 

 
3,059

 
1,179

 
8,698

 
(286
)
 
12,650

 
(12,650
)
 

Investment and other income
 
161

 
56

 
1

 
4

 

 
61

 

 
222

Total revenues
 
$
40,136

 
$
4,733

 
$
1,843

 
$
14,947

 
$
(286
)
 
$
21,237

 
$
(12,650
)
 
$
48,723

Earnings from operations
 
$
2,134

 
$
332

 
$
294