10-K 1 v446933_10k.htm 10-K

 

  

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

(Mark One)

þ

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 
     
  For the fiscal year ended: June 30, 2016  
     
  OR  
     
¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the transition period from _____to _____

 

Commission file number: 1-13988

 

DeVry Education Group Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

DELAWARE 36-3150143
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)
   
3005 HIGHLAND PARKWAY 60515
DOWNERS GROVE, ILLINOIS (Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)  

 

Registrant’s telephone number; including area code:

(630) 515-7700

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
Common Stock $0.01 Par Value NYSE, CSE

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes ¨     No þ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨     

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   þ Accelerated filer      ¨
Non-accelerated filer     ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company    ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨  No þ

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by nonaffiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter. Shares of common stock held directly or controlled by each director and executive officer have been excluded.

 

December 31, 2015 - $1,577,843,185

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

August 18, 2016 — 62,354,000 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Certain portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on November 10, 2016, are incorporated into Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent stated herein.

 

 

 

  

DEVRY EDUCATION GROUP INC.

 

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2016

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page #
     
  PART I  
Item 1 — Business 3
Item 1A — Risk Factors 38
Item 1B — Unresolved Staff Comments 53
Item 2 — Properties 53
Item 3 — Legal Proceedings 55
  — Supplementary Item-Executive Officers of the Registrant 56
     
  PART II  
Item 5 — Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 59
Item 6 — Selected Financial Data 61
Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 61
Item 7A — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 94
Item 8 — Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 94
Item 9 — Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 95
Item 9A — Controls and Procedures 95
Item 9B — Other Information 95
     
  PART III  
Item 10 — Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 139
Item 11 — Executive Compensation 139
Item 12 — Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 139
Item 13 — Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 139
Item 14 — Principal Accountant Fees and Services 139
     
  PART IV  
Item 15 — Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 140
     
Signatures 147

 

 

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Certain statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including those that affect DeVry Education Group’s (“DeVry Group”) expectations or plans, may constitute forward-looking statements subject to the Safe Harbor Provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements generally can be identified by phrases such as DeVry Group or its management “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “foresees,” “plans,” or other words or phrases of similar import. Actual results may differ materially from those projected or implied by these forward-looking statements. Potential risks and uncertainties that could affect DeVry Group’s results are described more fully in “Item 1A – Risk Factors,” in the subsections of “Item 1 – Business” entitled “Market Trends and Competition,” “Student Admissions,” “Accreditation,” “Tuition and Fees,” “Financial Aid and Financing Student Education,” “Legislative and Regulatory Requirements,” “Career Services,” “Seasonality,” and “Employees,” and in the subsection of “Item 7 – Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources.” The forward-looking statements should be considered in the context of the risk factors referred to above and discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Furthermore, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. Except as required under the federal securities laws or the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), we are not under any obligation to update any forward-looking information—whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

 

OVERVIEW OF DEVRY EDUCATION GROUP INC.

 

 DeVry Group is incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware. DeVry Group’s executive offices are located at 3005 Highland Parkway, Downers Grove, Illinois, 60515, and the telephone number is (630) 515-7700. “DeVry Group” refers to DeVry Education Group Inc. alone or with its subsidiaries, as the context requires. When this report uses the words “we,” “us” or “our,” it refers to DeVry Group and its subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires.

 

DeVry Group is a global provider of educational services. DeVry Group's purpose is to empower its students to achieve their educational and career goals. DeVry Group’s institutions offer a wide array of programs in healthcare, technology, business, accounting, finance and law.

 

DeVry Group’s vision is to become a leading global provider of career-oriented educational services. DeVry Group will create value for society and all of its stakeholders by offering superior, responsive educational programs that are supported by exceptional services to its students, and delivered with integrity and accountability. Towards this vision, DeVry Group is proud to play a vital role in expanding access to higher education along with other institutions in the public, independent and private sectors.

 

To attain this vision, DeVry Group will continue to strive to achieve superior student outcomes by providing quality education and student services; grow and diversify into new program areas, levels and geographies; and build quality brands and the infrastructure necessary to compete in an increasingly competitive market.

 

DeVry Group operates three reporting segments. Financial and descriptive information about DeVry Group’s operating segments is presented in “Note 15: Segment Information,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K. Unless indicated, or the context requires otherwise, references to years refer to DeVry Group’s fiscal years then ended. These segments are highlighted below.

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International (“DMI”) operates three institutions:

·American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine (“AUC”) confers the Doctor of Medicine (“M.D.”) degree;
·Ross University School of Medicine (“RUSM”) confers the M.D. degree; and
·Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (“RUSVM”) confers the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (“D.V.M.”) degree.

 

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Together, the three schools along with the Medical Education Readiness Program (“MERP”) and the Veterinary Preparation Program (“Vet Prep”) had 5,850 students enrolled in the May 2016 semester.

 

AUC was founded in 1978 and acquired by DeVry Group in August 2011. AUC is located in the country of St. Maarten and has graduated over 6,000 physicians now licensed and practicing medicine throughout the world. The mission of AUC is to provide an excellent medical education to qualified students of diverse backgrounds. This is to be accomplished within an atmosphere of academic integrity and scholarship, which fosters the highest standards in professional ethics and competence.

 

RUSM, which was founded in 1978, and acquired by DeVry Group in May 2003, is one of the world’s largest providers of medical education. RUSM is located in the Caribbean country of Dominica with the Internal Medicine Foundation program residing in Miramar, Florida. RUSM has graduated more than 12,000 physicians who practice medicine in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico. The mission of RUSM is to prepare highly dedicated students to become effective, successful physicians. RUSM accomplishes this by focusing on imparting the knowledge, skills and values required for its students to establish a successful and satisfying career as a physician.

 

AUC’s and RUSM’s respective medical education programs are comparable to the educational programs offered at U.S. medical schools. AUC’s and RUSM’s programs consist of three academic semesters per year — beginning in January, May and September — which allows students to complete their basic science instruction in less time than they would at a U.S. medical school. The programs prepare students for general medical practice and provide the foundation for postgraduate specialty training, which is primarily received in the U.S.

 

Initially, AUC and RUSM students complete a program of concentrated study of medical sciences in modern classrooms and laboratories at campuses located in St. Maarten and Dominica, respectively. AUC’s program runs five semesters and RUSM’s runs either four or five-semesters (depending on the designated curriculum track). After students sit for Step 1 of the U.S. Medical Licensing Examinationtm (“USMLE”), which assesses whether medical school students understand and can apply scientific concepts that are basic to the practice of medicine, they complete the remainder of their program by participating in clinical rotations under AUC and RUSM direction, and conducted at approximately 50 affiliated teaching hospitals or medical centers affiliated with accredited medical education programs in the U.S., Canada and the United Kingdom.

 

MERP assists prospective RUSM and AUC students in building the academic foundation they need to be successful in medical school and to achieve their goals of becoming physicians.

 

RUSVM, which was founded in 1982 and acquired by DeVry Group in May 2003, is one of the largest providers of veterinary education. RUSVM is located in the country of St. Kitts and has graduated more than 4,000 veterinarians who practice principally in the U.S.

 

The RUSVM program is structured to provide a veterinary education that is comparable to educational programs at U.S. veterinary schools. RUSVM students complete a seven-semester pre-clinical curriculum at a campus in St. Kitts. After completing their pre-clinical curriculum, RUSVM students enter a clinical clerkship lasting approximately 48 weeks under RUSVM direction at one of more than 20 affiliated U.S. Colleges of Veterinary Medicine as well as international affiliates in Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

 

The RUSVM Vet Prep Program is designed to enhance the preclinical science knowledge and study skills that are critical to success in veterinary school. It is structured to prepare students for success at RUSVM.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing (“Chamberlain”), formerly Deaconess College of Nursing, was founded in 1889 and acquired by DeVry Group in 2005. Chamberlain offers programs in nursing education leading to one of four degrees: Associate Degree in Nursing (“ADN”) (no longer accepting new enrollment and available only at the Columbus, Ohio campus), Bachelor of Science in Nursing (“BSN”) degree (including both the onsite three-year BSN and the online Registered Nurse (“RN”) to BSN Degree Completion Option (“RN to BSN”)), Master of Science in Nursing (“MSN”) degree, including Family Nurse Practitioner (“FNP”), which is offered online, or the Doctor of Nursing Practice (“DNP”) degree which is also offered online. Eleven of Chamberlain’s 20 campuses are co-located with DeVry University locations, which allows for efficiencies in shared resources. Chamberlain had 25,229 students enrolled in the July 2016 term, an increase of 15.9% over the prior year.

 

Chamberlain provides a nursing education experience distinguished by a high level of care for students, academic excellence, innovation and integrity. Chamberlain is committed to graduating nurses who are empowered to transform healthcare worldwide.

 

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Chamberlain’s degree programs integrate theoretical knowledge of general education and nursing content, psychomotor skills development and development of clinical judgment/reasoning to help students develop the education and skills necessary for a lifetime of personal and professional growth. Pre-licensure students apply theoretical knowledge through clinical training at hospitals or other healthcare facilities. Chamberlain has developed numerous partnerships with hospitals and other healthcare facilities for this purpose. In addition, Chamberlain provides robust, hands-on instruction utilizing high-fidelity human simulators and medical scenarios enacted in a simulated hospital environment.

 

Chamberlain’s pre-licensure BSN degree is an onsite baccalaureate program. The BSN program enables students to complete their BSN degree in three years of full-time study as opposed to typical four-year BSN programs containing summer breaks. Students who already have achieved RN designation through a diploma or associate degree can complete their BSN degree online through Chamberlain’s RN to BSN completion program in three semesters of full-time study. The ADN program, which is currently in teach-out and is no longer accepting new students, is a six-semester year-round program offered onsite at the Columbus, Ohio, campus only.

 

The online master’s degree program offers four non direct-care specialty tracks: Educator Specialty track, Executive Specialty track, Informatics Specialty track and Healthcare Policy Specialty track. These programs require 36 credit hours and are designed to be completed in approximately two years of part-time study. In September 2013, Chamberlain launched a direct-care master’s degree FNP program. This program requires 45 credit hours along with 650 lab and clinical hours and is designed to be completed in 2-1/2 years of part-time study.

 

The online DNP degree program is based on the eight essentials of doctoral education outlined by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (“AACN”). The DNP is designed for nurses seeking a terminal degree in nursing and offers an alternative to research-focused PhD programs. Chamberlain offers two DNP specialty tracks: Advanced Practice Leadership (no longer accepting new students) and Healthcare Systems Leadership (launched in January 2014). The programs require 30 to 40 credit hours along with 500 to 1,000 clinical practicum hours. The programs can be completed in five to six semesters of study.

 

During calendar year 2015, Chamberlain students that completed the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) had an overall pass rate of 82 percent, which was 5 percentage points lower than the national BSN average pass rate.

 

In June 2016, Chamberlain received approval from the Illinois Board of Higher Education to offer a Masters of Public Health (“MPH”) degree. The MPH degree is designed to prepare students (nurses and non-nurses) to become public health practitioners to work with communities and populations throughout the world to promote healthy communities, and to prevent community health problems such as disease, poverty, health access disparities and violence. The coursework is interdisciplinary and draws on systems thinking knowledge and skills from a variety of disciplines. The purpose of the MPH program is to prepare graduates to become leadership change agents in working with communities to improve health outcomes at the population and community level. Pending approval from the Higher Learning Commission, Chamberlain plans to launch this program in 2017.

 

Carrington College (“Carrington”), headquartered in Sacramento, California and formerly comprised of Apollo College, founded in 1976, and Western Career College, founded in 1967, prepares students for careers primarily in healthcare through certificate and associate degree programs at 21 locations. DeVry Group acquired the parent organization of Carrington College in September 2008. Carrington currently serves more than 6,400 students.

 

Carrington currently offers career specific certificate or associate degree programs through campus-based courses in the following areas:

 

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Medical   Health & Fitness/Massage
Health Care Administration   Massage Therapy
Medical Assisting   Physical Therapy Technology
Medical Billing and Coding   Physical Therapist Assistant
Medical Laboratory Technology   Veterinary
Medical Office Management   Veterinary Assisting
Medical Radiography   Veterinary Technology
Respiratory Care   Pharmacy
Surgical Technology   Pharmacy Technology
Nursing   Criminal Justice
Practical Nursing   Criminal Justice
Registered Nursing    
Vocational Nursing    
Dental    
Dental Assisting    
Dental Hygiene    

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil was established in 2001 and is based in the city of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, in the Northeast region of Brazil. DeVry Group completed its acquisition of a majority stake in DeVry Brasil in April 2009. As part of DeVry Group’s diversification strategy, ten acquisitions have since been completed in Brazil. DeVry Brasil is currently comprised of 13 institutions:

 

·Faculdades Nordeste (“Fanor”),
·Faculdade Ruy Barbosa (“Ruy Barbosa”),
·Faculdade ÁREA1 (“ÁREA1”),
·Faculdade Boa Viagem (“FBV”),
·Centro Universitário Vale do Ipojuca (“UniFavip”),
·Faculdade Diferencial Integral (“Facid”),
·Faculdade DeVry São Luis (“Sao Luis”),
·Faculdade DeVry Joao Pessoa (“Joao Pessoa”),
·Faculdade Martha Falcão (“FMF”),
·Faculdade Ideal (“Faci”),
·Damásio Educacional (“Damasio”),
·Grupo Ibmec Educacional S.A. (“Grupo Ibmec”) and
·Faculdade de Imperatriz (“Facimp”).

 

DeVry Brasil’s institutions offer undergraduate and graduate programs mainly focused in business, management, medical, healthcare, law and engineering. In addition, Damasio offers legal bar exam review courses and review courses for tests required for diplomatic careers in Brazil. These institutions operate 22 academic sites located in 12 states in Northeast, North and Southeast Brazil. Damasio also has franchise agreements with approximately 220 distance learning centers throughout Brazil. DeVry Brasil serves more than 79,000 students in undergraduate and graduate programs and also serves more than 30,000 test preparation students.

 

The vision of DeVry Brasil is to become one of the leading Brazilian educational groups, recognized for high quality and innovation, offering international academic standards and focused on professional success of its students.

 

Becker Professional Education (“Becker”), founded in 1957 as Becker CPA Review and acquired by DeVry Group in 1996, is a global leader in professional education serving the accounting, finance, project management and healthcare professions. Becker prepares candidates for the Certified Public Accountant (“CPA”), Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (“ACCA”), Project Management Professional (“PMP”), and USMLE certification examinations and offers continuing professional education programs and seminars. Classes are taught in more than 300 locations, including sites in 55 foreign countries, directly by Becker and through licensed affiliates and DeVry University teaching sites. Nearly one million candidates have prepared for the Uniform CPA Examination (“CPA exam”) using Becker’s CPA exam review course.

 

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Through its CPA exam review courses, Becker served over 45,000 students in fiscal year 2016. Becker is the industry leader in providing CPA exam review services and has been preparing candidates to pass the CPA exam for over 50 years. For calendar year 2015, 68 of the 75 Elijah Watt Sells Award winners, individuals who achieved the highest cumulative scores on the CPA exam, prepared with Becker. For 2014, 53 of 59 Elijah Watt Sells Award winners prepared with Becker. Since 2005, when the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (“AICPA”) began to share national results, 90 percent or more of the exam’s top scorers have prepared with Becker.

 

To better meet the demands of today’s busy professionals, Becker’s classes are offered in two formats: live and online. The online product is interactive, and offers the same instructor-led lectures and materials available in the live classroom courses. Becker provides access to online academic support with highly targeted answers to specific questions.

 

Based on surveys of Becker CPA exam review course students who took the CPA exam, and published exam pass rate statistics supplied by the AICPA, Becker CPA Review students pass at twice the rate of all CPA exam candidates who did not take a Becker review course.

 

Becker also offers continuing professional education and training programs in the fields of accounting, finance and project management to help individuals and organizations achieve superior performance through professional development. In addition, Becker Healthcare provides comprehensive review programs for today’s physicians in training.

 

CPA Exam Review

 

The CPA exam is prepared and administered by the AICPA. The CPA exam is offered only in a computer-based, on-demand, four-part format for eight months of the year. In addition to successfully passing the four-part exam, CPA candidates must also meet educational, work experience, and other requirements specific to the state or jurisdiction in which they intend to be licensed to practice.

 

Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists (“ACAMS”)

 

In July 2016, Becker acquired ACAMS, further expanding its professional education offerings into anti-money laundering and financial crimes prevention training, conferences, consulting and certification.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University and its Keller Graduate School of Management (“Keller”), which comprise this segment’s operations were founded by Dr. Herman DeVry in 1931. DeVry University provides quality, career-oriented master’s, bachelor’s and associate degree programs and certificate programs in technology, science, business and the arts. DeVry University is one of the largest private, degree-granting, regionally accredited higher education systems in the U.S. with undergraduate and graduate degree programs offered on campus and online. Graduate degree programs in management are offered through Keller.

 

The mission of DeVry University is to foster student learning through high-quality, career-oriented education integrating technology, science, business and the arts. DeVry University strives to produce successful student learning outcomes while providing exceptional student care and attention. The university delivers degrees with speed and flexibility by offering career-oriented undergraduate and graduate programs onsite and online to meet the needs of a diverse and geographically dispersed student population.

 

DeVry University’s academic structure is organized within five colleges. This structure provides flexibility for future curricula. Degree programs and concentrations are offered in the following areas:

 

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College of Liberal Arts & Sciences   College of Health Sciences   College of Media Arts & Technology
Bachelor’s Degree   Associate Degree   Associate Degree
Communications   Neurodiagnostic Technology   Web Graphic Design
Justice Administration   Health Information Technology   Bachelor’s Degree
Master’s Degree (School of Education)   Bachelor’s Degree   Multimedia Design & Development
Education   Clinical Laboratory Science    
    Healthcare Administration    

 

College of Business & Management   College of Engineering
& Information Sciences
Associate Degree   Associate Degree

Accounting

Bachelor’s Degree

 

Electronics & Computer Technology

Network & Communications Mgt.

Accounting   Network Systems Administration
Business Administration   Bachelor’s Degree
Management   Biomedical Engineering Technology
Technical Management   Computer Engineering Technology
    Computer Information Systems
Keller Graduate School of Management   Electronics Engineering Technology
Master’s Degree   Game & Simulation Programming
Accounting   Network and Communications
Accounting & Financial Management   Management
Business Administration   Master’s Degree
Human Resource Management   Electrical Engineering
Information Systems Management    
Network and Communications Management    
Project Management    
Public Administration    

 

Students access these programs through a system of 60 locations in the U.S., as of June 30, 2016, as well as through DeVry University’s online delivery platform. DeVry University’s campus footprint has been reduced by 21 locations since June 30, 2015. To facilitate transfers from one DeVry University location to another without disrupting studies, our graduate and undergraduate curricula generally are consistent at all locations (with some content variations to meet local employment market and/or regulatory or accreditation requirements).

 

DeVry University offers all of its graduate programs and nearly all of its undergraduate programs online, making these programs available to qualified students in most states and internationally without regard to their location or daily schedule. The majority of DeVry University’s students are non-traditional learners and/or working adults attracted by the quality, inherent flexibility and convenience of the program delivery format. Non-traditional learners are considered to be those other than recent high-school graduates. We also have many students who “mix and match” onsite and online courses to best meet their individual needs and schedules.

 

DeVry University operates on a uniform academic calendar for both the undergraduate and graduate degree programs across both the onsite and online methods of educational delivery. The calendar consists of three 16-week semesters comprised of two 8-week sessions.

 

Laboratory courses throughout many curricula prepare students for the workplace by integrating classroom learning with a practical, hands-on experience and applied learning activities that enhance technical skills. For some courses, laboratory activities are delivered in a specialized classroom featuring specialized equipment and software. In addition, some laboratory activities take place in a lecture-lab classroom, using computers and various software packages.

 

DeVry University also invests in resources for libraries and academic support services that can assist students in any phase of their educational program. DeVry University offers undergraduate students an array of social and professional activities including student organizations closely linked to students’ professional aspirations. Faculty members serve as mentors for student chapters of professional associations and sponsor a wide range of student co-curricular projects. Students are required to study practical strategies and methods for realizing success to help instill individual responsibility for learning and growth.

 

Keller has a continued and sustained focus on excellence in teaching, student mastery of practical management skills and service to working adults. The curricula, like the undergraduate curricula, are subject to regular review for relevance to both students and employers. Keller offers classes in the evening, on weekends and online, which enables students to complete their degrees using whatever combination of online and onsite coursework suits their needs. To broaden the scope and appeal of its master’s degree programs, Keller has developed concentrations and graduate certificates. Many faculty members are practicing professionals who bring their expertise to the classroom, emphasizing theory and practices that will best serve students in their critical competencies in areas such as business communications, electronic commerce, technology, ethics, quality and international matters are woven throughout the curricula.

 

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Keller’s Master of Project Management program abides by the operational and educational criteria established by the Project Management Institute and has earned the highest level of accreditation and the elite designation of Global Accreditation Center. Coursework within Keller’s Master of Human Resource Management program is in alignment with the HR Curriculum Guidelines and Templates established by the Society for Human Resource Management. The Master of Public Administration program offers students a choice of three tracks: Government Management, Nonprofit Management and Health Management.

 

DEGREE AND PROGRAM ENROLLMENTS

 

The following tables provide the percentage of enrollment by degree and program for DeVry Group’s postsecondary educational institutions.

 

  

Percent of Enrollment

by Degree

     

Percent of Enrollment

by Program

 
   Fall   Fall      Fall   Fall 
   2015   2014      2015   2014 
Doctoral   8.0%   7.0%  Medical and Healthcare   54.3%   45.3%
Master's   21.0%   19.5%  Business   28.9%   33.6%
Bachelor's   53.1%   54.9%  Technology   15.0%   18.8%
Associate   10.0%   12.1%  Other   1.8%   2.3%
Certificate   8.0%   6.5%             

 

MARKET TRENDS AND COMPETITION

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International

 

AUC and RUSM compete with 145 accredited U.S. schools of medicine, 33 U.S. colleges of osteopathic medicine and approximately 40 Caribbean medical schools as well as with international medical schools recruiting U.S. students who may be eligible to receive funding from U.S. Department of Education (“ED”) Title IV programs. RUSVM competes with American Veterinary Medical Association (“AVMA”) accredited schools, of which 30 are U.S.-based, 5 are Canadian and 13 are other international veterinary schools.

 

DMI’s educational institutions attract potential students for several reasons. Some applied to U.S.-based medical or veterinary schools but were not admitted or were wait-listed. Some students elected not to apply to U.S. schools because of self-perceived chances of gaining acceptance. For some students, DMI’s education institutions are their first or only choice of schools because of their commitment to and focus on quality and on practitioner-oriented teaching.

 

For the 2015-2016 academic year, the Association of American Medical Colleges (“AAMC”) reported 52,550 U.S. medical school applicants, a 9.4% increase over the prior year. Of these applicants, 20,631 enrolled, a 2.9% increase over the prior year.

 

For the 2015-2016 academic year, the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine Application Service (“AACOMAS”) reported 20,447 applicants to U.S. colleges of osteopathic medicine, a 13.9% increase over the prior year. The number of Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation approved seats of 6,392 increased only 3.2% over the prior year.

 

For the 2015-2016 academic year, the Association of American Veterinary Medicine Colleges (“AAVMC”) received 6,667 applicants, a 1% increase over the prior year, for the 4,227 seats available at AAVMC institutional members (U.S. and international). The number of available seats increased less than 1% over the prior year.

 

Medical and veterinary school applicants who were denied admission or wait-listed at U.S. schools constitute a large segment of prospective students for DMI’s educational institutions. Based upon the number of Medical College Admission Test (“MCAT”) attempts, which increased to approximately 95,000 in 2013, up from approximately 89,000 in 2012, management believes the potential market for medical school students is much larger than the denied applicant pool alone.

 

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According to the AAMC Center for Workforce Studies, in a June 2010 analysis, the demand for physicians will outpace supply by approximately 12% in 2020 and by almost 17% by 2025. There has been some recent expansion in the U.S. medical education enrollment capacity because of the growing supply/demand imbalance for medical doctors. According to an AAMC March 2014 study, medical school first-year enrollment as of the 2013-2014 academic year increased by 22% over the 2002 level. The current 145 accredited U.S. schools are projected to produce a 30% increase in enrollment by 2018-19 (over 2002 levels). Despite these increases, management believes the imbalance will continue to spur demand for medical education. Management also believes the veterinary medical education market is subject to some of the same forces.

 

AUC, RUSM and RUSVM competitive strengths include:

 

AUC

·International focus
·State of the art basic science campus on a developed island
·Wide range of options for clinical rotations in different types of health care systems

 

RUSM

·Integrated, systems-based curriculum that is comparable to many top U.S. medical schools
·Students are able to complete all core rotations in a single geographical area

 

RUSVM

·Large alumni network provides strong brand recognition and opportunities for mentorship
·Clinical network, including international clinical rotations
·Training relevant to both developing and developed countries
·Research program emphasizing tropical region study

 

Moreover, management believes that in the last five years, RUSM graduates obtained more first-year residency positions at U.S. teaching hospitals than graduates from any other medical school in the world, including those schools in the U.S. This data is based on an internal study of the maximum possible U.S. residencies with the largest medical schools in the world. RUSM’s residency appointments have been in virtually every medical specialty and subspecialty.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Nationally, Chamberlain competes in the nursing education market which has more than 1,800 programs leading to RN licensure. These include both four-year educational institutions and two-year community colleges. For pre-licensure, Chamberlain has an advantage over many of its competitors because it offers a three-year, year-round BSN program as opposed to typical four-year BSN programs where students take the summer off. Chamberlain also has the ability to add capacity to meet demand due to its standardized program and operational efficiency. In post-licensure nursing education, there are over 600 programs offering RN to BSN programs and over 500 programs offering master’s degrees in nursing. Chamberlain has an advantage in the post-licensure market over many of its competitors because it offers eight-week sessions, with multiple start dates per year; there are no onsite coursework requirements and the programs have a shorter time to completion. Chamberlain’s FNP program is approved in 41 states and can be completed almost entirely online.

 

Nursing constitutes the largest occupation in healthcare in the U.S., with 2.7 million RNs in 2015, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that employment of RNs is expected to grow 16% from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average employment growth rate for all occupations.

 

Despite the long-term need for nurses, demand has not yet produced a sufficient increase in educational capacity. According to ACCN’s report on 2015-2016 Enrollment and Graduations in Baccalaureate and Graduate Programs in Nursing, U.S. nursing schools turned away 47,341 qualified applicants from baccalaureate nursing programs in 2015 due to an insufficient number of faculty, clinical sites, classroom space, clinical preceptors and budget constraints. In addition, demand for BSN degrees is expected to be impacted by certain hospital accreditation standards of the percentage of nurses requiring this degree or higher.

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Carrington College

 

The career college segment of the postsecondary education market is highly fragmented and competitive. No single institution has a significant market share. Most students will not relocate or travel long distances to attend a career college, so competition is primarily at the local level. Competitors range from large public community colleges to professionally operated multi-campus institutions to single campus family owned institutions. In general, community colleges offer the lowest tuition prices and have the largest enrollments.

 

A prospective career college student in most markets will have a choice of institutions offering similar programs. Carrington distinguishes itself by focusing primarily on healthcare programs. Carrington campuses offer students:

 

·A wide range of healthcare program offerings;
·Attractive and conveniently located facilities;
·Learning methodologies that blend didactic instruction with experiential laboratory exercises;
·Faculty that have relevant work experience;
·Small class sizes;
·High levels of service to students; and
·Accelerated programs with a choice of class schedules.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

The Brazilian private postsecondary education market grew by 88% between 2003 and 2014 (online and onsite students), reaching approximately US$15 billion in revenue and enrollment of 7.8 million students in 2014, according to Hoper Educational Consulting and Ministry of Education (“MEC”). In addition, the goals defined by the Nacional Plan of Education (“NPE”) for the period from 2011 to 2020, indicate a continuing favorable scenario for the expansion of higher education in Brazil. NPE expects to increase enrollments by 50%, which would represent almost five million more higher education students in the next seven to eight years.

 

Brazil has the largest private higher education market in Latin America, which until recently, was highly fragmented. Within the last several years, private equity firms and international educational groups have been investing in the country’s education institutions resulting in consolidation of the market. Private higher education institutions can be divided into three different segments:

 

·Mass market: fastest growing segment, with the highest regulatory risk;
·Superior quality market: growth is driven by gaining market share from competitors; increasing the accessibility of student financing should accelerate growth in this market; and
·Niche market: highly specialized, has limited growth potential.

 

Most DeVry Brasil institutions compete in the superior quality market. DeVry Brasil faces local competition at each location in which it operates. Nationwide there are also competitors such as: Laureate, Kroton Educacional, Anima, SER and UNIP.

  

Private institutions play an important role in the Brazilian education market. According to MEC, of the 7.8 million students who were enrolled in higher education in Brazil, 75% were enrolled in private institutions. Enrollment of new students in private institutions grew by 4.5% from 2012 to 2014, compared to 1.9% growth of new students at public institutions.

 

According to the Brazilian Association of Distance Learning Education, the number of jobs requiring successful completion of a competency exam grew by 45% from 2013 to 2015. There are currently approximately 12 million applicants for these positions. The number of Order of Attorneys of Brazil Exam (the equivalent of the U.S. Bar Exam) applicants has been steady at approximately 115,000 for the past two years.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Becker competes with other purveyors of exam preparation, including courses offered by colleges and universities, and courses offered by other public and private training companies. As a trusted brand, Becker typically charges more for exam preparation than its competitors.

 

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With its 50-plus year history and exceptional track record of preparing students to pass the CPA exam, Becker differentiates itself from competitors by providing:

 

·Extensive, continuously updated and fully integrated review and practice test materials;
·Experienced, highly qualified instructors for each of the areas of specialty included in the exam;
·Courses available in two formats, live class and online, to meet candidate needs for flexibility and control;
·Global presence with over 300 locations worldwide and over 1,500 partner accounting firms, societies and universities;
·Practice simulations and software functionality, similar to those used in the actual exam; and
·Newly introduced mobile apps enabling students to study anywhere.

 

Becker’s live and online courses provide a wider range of study alternatives than other course providers. Becker students have a high success rate on the CPA exam, passing at double the rate of non-Becker students. Some Becker students enroll after taking other review courses or studying independently without success.

 

CPA exam candidates can take advantage of Becker’s CPA exam review learning approach and materials in conjunction with their DeVry University MBA, Master of Accounting and Financial Management or Master of Science in Accounting programs, earning full academic credit. These credits also may be used to fulfill the 150-hour educational requirement that most states have made a prerequisite to becoming licensed as a CPA. Extending the marketing and administrative benefits of joint operation, Becker offers classes at DeVry University locations or through online learning.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

In every market in which DeVry University operates, there are numerous state institutions, community colleges and independent universities. In particular, there is growing competitive pressure from online programs by private-sector, publicly-funded and independent institutions. Due to increased competition and the overall postsecondary student population decline over the last several years, DeVry University is experiencing significantly higher declines in enrollment.

 

The postsecondary education market is highly fragmented and competitive. No single institution has a significant market share. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (“NCES”), there were 7,162 Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions in the U.S. as of the 2015-16 academic year, including 3,265 private, for-profit (“private-sector”) schools; 1,990 public schools (e.g. state institutions and community colleges); and 1,909 private, not-for-profit (“independent”) schools. According to NCES, in the 2014-15 academic year, there were 27.4 million students attending institutions that participate in the various financial aid programs under Title IV.

 

While tuition at independent institutions is, on average, higher than tuition at DeVry University, the net price (Cost of Attendance less scholarships and grants) for the demographic served by DeVry University is often less. Publicly-supported colleges often offer similar programs at a lower tuition level because of government subsidies, tax-deductible contributions, and other financial sources not available to private-sector schools. In fact, many local community colleges offer programs similar in content to DeVry University’s associate degree programs, but at a much lower tuition. While community colleges may be viewed as competitors, they also provide DeVry University an opportunity. DeVry University has a number of articulation and transfer agreements in place with community colleges that make it easier for community college graduates to continue their education to earn a bachelor’s degree at DeVry University.

 

Undergraduate Programs

 

Management believes that DeVry University’s competitive strengths in the market for undergraduate programs include:

 

·Career-oriented curricula developed with employer input;
·Faculty with relevant industry experience;
·Well-developed and professionally staffed undergraduate career service programs;
·Dedicated student service assistance throughout their programs (DeVry Care);
·National name recognition and market presence;
·Regional accreditation;

 

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·Modern facilities and well-equipped laboratories;
·Flexibility and convenience with classes offered at many locations nationwide and online, utilizing connected classroom technology;
·Evening, weekend, and online class schedules;
·Year-round academic schedules that permit more flexible attendance and earlier graduation; 
·Bachelor’s degree programs that can be completed in three years; and
·Small class sizes.

 

DeVry University has increased its competitiveness by offering many programs online and providing flexible class schedules and learning formats. Undergraduate classes at DeVry University centers generally are offered in the evening for the convenience of working adult students, but daytime classes are offered at centers in markets where there is deemed to be sufficient demand.

 

Graduate Programs

 

Management believes that DeVry University’s competitive strengths in the market for graduate programs include:

 

·A practitioner oriented approach to education that stresses skills that employers value;
·A high level of service to the adult student, including flexible schedules and locations that are convenient to where many students work;
·The convenience of onsite teaching locations in major metropolitan areas nationwide and online; and
·Flexible schedules with six sessions each year that enable new students to start their program at any of the six sessions and continuing students to take a session off, if necessary, to accommodate their schedules.

 

Demographic information based on DeVry University’s fall term enrollment follows.

 

Total Population  Fall 2015   Fall 2014 
Undergraduate   73.5%   74.5%
Graduate   26.5%   25.5%
           
Age   Fall 2015    Fall 2014 
24 and Under   18.4%   20.5%
25 - 39   57.8%   56.3%
40 and Over   23.8%   23.2%
           
Gender   Fall 2015    Fall 2014 
Male   49.5%   51.4%
Female   50.5%   48.6%
           
Race/Ethnicity   Fall 2015    Fall 2014 
White   39.0%   37.8%
Black or African American   24.2%   24.5%
Hispanic (of any race)   16.3%   15.9%
Asian   5.5%   5.2%
American Indian or Alaska Native   0.5%   0.5%
Non-resident Alien   2.8%   2.7%
Two or More Races   1.1%   1.1%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander   0.7%   0.7%
Race/Ethnicity Unknown   10.0%   11.6%

 

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STUDENT ADMISSIONS

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

AUC, RUSM and RUSVM focus their marketing efforts on attracting qualified, primarily U.S. and Canadian, applicants, with the motivation and requisite academic ability to complete their educational programs and pass the USMLE and the North American Veterinary Licensure Examination, respectively. Each institution’s marketing effort includes visits to undergraduate campuses to meet students and their pre-med/pre-vet advisors, direct e-mail marketing, webinars, targeted direct mail campaigns, information seminars in major markets throughout the U.S., Canada, and Puerto Rico, alumni referrals, a national undergraduate poster campaign, radio advertisements in select markets, internet media and print ads in major magazines and newspapers.

 

Student Admissions and Admissions Standards

 

AUC, RUSM and RUSVM each employ regional admissions representatives in locations throughout the U.S. and in Ontario, Canada, who seek out students interested in its programs. Senior Associate Directors of Admission and Associate Directors of Admission recruit, interview, admit and enroll all new students to each of the three entering cohorts. The successful applicant must have completed prerequisite science (with labs), mathematics and English courses. Candidates for admission must interview with an admissions representative and all admission decisions are made by the admissions committees of the medical and veterinary schools.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

Chamberlain utilizes varied marketing approaches to inform potential students interested in entering or advancing their nursing careers. Chamberlain recruiters visit high schools, cultivate alumni referrals and participate in information seminars and career fairs. Chamberlain holds open house events to attract local prospective students, and advertises on television, on the internet, in healthcare career publications, in newspapers and on the radio.

 

Post-licensure programs rely primarily on internet advertising, word of mouth from current students and alumni, and healthcare partnerships to reach prospective students. A team of healthcare development specialists has been built over the past several years that establishes partnerships with healthcare institutions, large employers of nurses and community colleges.

 

Student Admissions and Admissions Standards

 

Chamberlain campuses employ regional admissions representatives who arrange for student interviews and campus tours. Pre-licensure program admission requirements include a high school diploma or General Education Development (“GED”), with minimum cumulative grade point average requirements. Applicants to the pre-licensure programs must pass the Chamberlain standard pre-admission exam to be eligible for admission. Admissions decisions are made by faculty admissions committees.

 

Carrington College

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

Carrington utilizes varied marketing approaches to generate interest from potential students. Admissions advisors visit high schools. Carrington also conducts local advertising campaigns using broadcast media, print media, targeted direct mail and the internet. In addition, Carrington campuses hold open house events for prospective students, cultivate alumni referrals and participate in information seminars and career fairs.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

DeVry Brasil advertises on various internet sites, at special events, on television and radio and utilizes a variety of methods to reach prospective students. Each DeVry Brasil institution and campus has a specific media plan based on the local market.

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DeVry Brasil’s high school program representatives visit high schools throughout the Northeast, North and Southeast regions of Brazil, providing workshops on career choices, the importance of a college education and the international benefits offered by DeVry Brasil.

 

DeVry Brasil’s Corporate Training Services organization is designed to meet the educational needs of corporate clients and their employees with tailor-made program offerings. A national network of corporate account supervisors directs the student recruiting efforts primarily at the country’s more prominent companies, leveraging relationships with these clients and offering undergraduate, graduate and also customized educational programs.

 

Student Admissions and Admission Standards

 

DeVry Brasil provides admissions services, and employs salaried, full-time admissions advisors at each DeVry Brasil institution to support those candidates interested in enrolling in any of DeVry Brasil’s institutions. Applicants to DeVry Brasil undergraduate programs are required to take an entrance examination or “Vestibular” at each institution during one of the two enrollment sessions per year, in January and July.

 

DeVry Brasil offers the “CASA” program (Student Support) which aims to help students achieve better academic results through educational and psychological support and monitoring. CASA program advisors provide professional guidance to current students and alumni. The main objective of this support is to facilitate access to labor markets and to help students in planning their professional careers.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

Becker markets its courses directly to potential students and to selected employers, primarily the large global, national and regional public accounting firms. Alumni referrals, direct mail, print advertising, e-mail, digital and social media advertising and a network of student representatives at colleges and universities across the country also generate new students for Becker’s review courses. The Becker website is another source of information for interested applicants.

 

Becker has relationships with more than 2,500 public accounting firms, corporations, government agencies and universities. Becker delivers its CPA review courses on more than 100 college campuses, recruiting students attending those institutions. Becker also is the preferred provider of CPA review for most of the country’s largest public accounting firms, having relationships with all of the top 100 public accounting firms, including each of the Big 4 public accounting firms.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

Marketing and Outreach

 

DeVry University advertises on various internet sites, on television and radio and utilizes a variety of methods to reach prospective students. DeVry University’s highly integrated brand initiative focuses on DeVry University as an accredited, quality academic institution. Its campaigns are grounded in ongoing in-depth consumer marketplace research, and leverage multiple channels, including broadcast, print and internet advertising, public relations, content marketing and social media, as well as local marketing efforts.

 

DeVry University serves high school students in several unique ways. Since July 2004, we have worked with the Chicago Public School system to create the DeVry University Advantage Academy. A second Advantage Academy was later started in Columbus, Ohio, followed by additional Advantage Academies with two different city school districts in Atlanta, Georgia. Students enter DeVry University’s Advantage Academy at the start of their junior year, and complete two academic years and one summer term. At the conclusion of the program, students can earn their high school diploma and an associate degree in either Network Systems Administration or Web Graphic Design. Most students go on to bachelor’s degree programs, either at DeVry University or other public or private universities. These programs have consistently reported high combined high school graduation and associate degree completion rates.

 

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Student Admissions and Admissions Standards

 

DeVry University employs enrollment advisors who visit high schools, community colleges and military bases while conducting presentations on career choices, particularly in business and technology related fields, and on the importance of a college education.

 

Many of DeVry University’s applicants are working adults who want to attend class in the evening or on weekends, recently unemployed adults seeking to improve their job skills, and students transferring to a DeVry University undergraduate program from other colleges and universities. Because a large portion of our new undergraduate students have some prior college experience, DeVry University has articulation agreements with many community colleges to facilitate the enrollment of their students seeking to transfer course credits to DeVry University.

 

DeVry University’s “DeVry Works” initiative is designed to meet the education needs of corporate clients and their employees with DeVry University program offerings. A national network of account managers directs its student recruiting efforts primarily at Fortune 1000 companies, leveraging relationships with these clients through DeVry University’s career services organization.

 

To be admitted to a DeVry University undergraduate program, a U.S. applicant must be a high school graduate from a DeVry University recognized institution, have a GED certificate, or hold a degree from a DeVry University approved postsecondary institution. Applicants for general admission must be at least 17 years old and complete an interview with an admissions representative. International applicants must provide documentation demonstrating the required level of prior education, satisfy the English-language proficiency requirement and meet all other admission requirements.

 

All applicants must meet prescribed admission qualifications and be evaluated by DeVry University to determine admissibility and placement. Admissibility and placement criteria vary by degree program. During the admission process, applicants are required to take the DeVry University administered placement exams, which assess achievement levels and transitional study needs. ACT or SAT scores deemed appropriate for the desired program, or acceptable grades in qualifying college-level work completed at an approved postsecondary institution, may also be used to evidence admissibility and determine placement.

 

After prospective students complete an application, an admissions representative contacts them through phone calls, text messages, emails, and/or invitations to location-based workshops or other events to improve the rate at which qualified applicants begin their program of study.

 

To be admitted to a graduate program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree from a U.S. institution that is accredited by or is in candidacy status with a U.S. regional accrediting agency or selected national accrediting agencies or international institutions recognized as the equivalent, and complete an interview with an admissions representative. International applicants must hold a degree recognized to be equivalent to a U.S. baccalaureate degree, satisfy the English-language proficiency requirement and meet all other admission requirements. Applicants whose undergraduate cumulative grade point average is 2.70 or higher are eligible for admission. Applicants with a cumulative grade point average below 2.70 must achieve acceptable scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (“GMAT”), the Graduate Record Examination (“GRE”) or the DeVry University administered placement exams. Admissions decisions are based on evaluation of a candidate’s academic credentials, entrance test scores and a personal interview.

 

ACCREDITATION

 

Educational institutions and their individual programs are awarded accreditation by achieving a level of quality that entitles them to the confidence of the educational community and the public they serve. Accredited institutions are subject to periodic review by accrediting bodies to ensure continued high performance, institutional and program improvement and integrity, and to confirm that accreditation requirements continue to be satisfied. College and university administrators depend on the accredited status of an institution when evaluating transfer credit and applicants to their schools; employers rely on the accredited status of an institution when evaluating a candidate’s credentials; and parents and high school counselors look to accreditation for assurance that an institution meets quality educational standards. Moreover, in the U.S., accreditation is necessary for students to qualify for federal financial assistance, and most scholarship commissions restrict their awards to students attending accredited institutions.

 

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Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International

 

The Government of St. Maarten authorizes AUC to confer the M.D. degree. AUC is accredited by the Accreditation Commission on Colleges of Medicine (“ACCM”). The ACCM is an international medical school accrediting organization for countries which do not have a national medical school accreditation body. The National Committee on Foreign Medical Education and Accreditation of ED (“NCFMEA”) has affirmed that the ACCM has established and enforces standards of educational accreditation that are comparable to those promulgated by the U.S. Liaison Committee on Medical Education (“LCME”). In addition, AUC is approved by California, Florida and New York, where processes are in place to evaluate and accredit an international medical school’s programs, allowing AUC students to participate in clinical rotations and residency training programs in those states.

 

The Commonwealth of Dominica authorizes RUSM to confer the M.D. degree. RUSM is recognized and accredited by the Dominica Medical Board (“DMB”), which is authorized to accredit medical programs by the government of Dominica. The NCFMEA has affirmed that the country of Dominica has established and enforces standards of educational accreditation that are comparable to those promulgated by the LCME. RUSM has also received four-year accreditation by the Caribbean Accreditation Authority for Education in Medicine and other Health Professions. In addition, RUSM is approved by the four U.S. states — California, Florida, New Jersey and New York — that have processes in place to evaluate an international medical school’s program, allowing RUSM students to participate in clinical and residency training programs in those states.

 

RUSVM has been recognized and accredited by the government of the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis (“St. Kitts”) and is chartered to confer the D.V.M. degree. RUSVM has received programmatic accreditation by the AVMA. RUSVM has affiliations with more than 20 AVMA-accredited U.S. and international colleges of veterinary medicine so that RUSVM students can complete their final three semesters of study in the U.S. or abroad. RUSVM has received full accreditation for its Postgraduate Studies program from the St. Christopher & Nevis Accreditation Board. The Postgraduate Studies program offers Master of Science and Doctoral (“Ph.D.”) degrees in all research areas supported by RUSVM. Areas of emphasis are guided by RUSVM's themed Research Centers.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Chamberlain is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (“HLC”) which is one of the eight regional agencies that accredit U.S. colleges and universities at the institutional level. The baccalaureate, master’s and doctorate degree nursing programs are accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (“CCNE”).

 

Carrington College

 

Carrington is regionally accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Community and Junior Colleges of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (“ACCJC/WASC”). In addition to the institutional accreditation, various individual campus locations hold a number of programmatic accreditations and approvals by the following programmatic accreditors:

 

·Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools for Medical Assisting
·Accrediting Commission for Education in Nursing (formerly NLNAC)
·American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
·American Veterinary Medical Association
·Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs
·Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care
·Commission on Dental Accreditation
·Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology
·The Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

The Brazilian MEC controls and regulates postsecondary education at all levels in Brazil. The MEC also controls the issuance of licenses and permits.

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The MEC licensing process occurs in two levels: institutional and programmatic. Each institution is required to obtain a license which must be renewed every three to five years. Such licenses can be automatically renewed if the institution presents an Indice Geral de Curso or “General Course Index” (“IGC”) score above 2, within a range of 1 to 5 (with 5 being the maximum grade possible). Among the DeVry Brasil institutions, the current licensing status and IGC scores are as follows:

 

  · ÁREA1: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · Damasio: License renewed in 2013, IGC score of 3
  · Faci: License renewed in 2011, IGC score of 3
  · Facid: License renewed in 2012, IGC score of 3
  · Facimp: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · Fanor: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · FBV: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · FMF: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · IBMEC – BH License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 4
  · IBMEC – RJ License renewed in 2015, IGC score of 4
  · Joao Pessoa: First license granted in 2013, no IGC score yet
  · Metrocamp: License renewed in 2011, IGC score of 3
  · Ruy Barbosa: License renewal in final phase, IGC score of 3
  · Sao Luis: First license granted in 2014, no IGC score yet
  · UniFavip: License renewed in 2014, IGC score of 3

 

The IGC score is calculated using the average of the last three years of the “Conceito Preliminar de Curso” or “Preliminary Program Grade” (“CPC”) of the institution, weighted by the number of students. The CPC is an academic quality metric composed of:

 

55% Results of the ENADE - the national end-of-program exam organized by MEC;
30% Faculty credentials and part or full time employee status; and
15% Student satisfaction.

 

MEC also licenses programs at each institution. The regulations are different for undergraduate and graduate programs. For undergraduate programs, MEC must grant “authorization” status before classes may commence. After a program is 50% to 75% complete, MEC auditors visit the program to grant the “permit” status, which can be automatically renewed every three years, unless the program presents a CPC below 3 within a range of 1 to 5 (with 5 being the maximum grade). Currently, DeVry Brasil has 339 authorized undergraduate programs, 68 of which possess a valid permit.

 

Only programs leading to Master of Science and Doctorate degrees are regulated at the graduate level in Brazil. DeVry Brasil has one Master of Science program at FBV and that program’s permit was renewed in 2013.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Becker’s accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Continuing Education & Training (“ACCET”) assists to extend its programs to organizations, such as governmental agencies, armed forces and international students.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

DeVry University is accredited by the HLC. In September 2008, DeVry University was accepted into the Academic Quality Improvement Program (“AQIP”) of the HLC, a seven-year accreditation reaffirmation process based on creating a culture of continuous improvement, one of DeVry University’s key values. In 2013, the HLC conducted a comprehensive evaluation of DeVry University through the AQIP process and granted reaffirmation of accreditation. The next comprehensive evaluation is scheduled for 2019-2020 (subject to changes in HLC requirements).

 

In addition to regional accreditation for the overall university, several of DeVry University’s programs hold programmatic accreditation. The baccalaureate electronics engineering technology, biomedical engineering technology and computer engineering technology programs at many of DeVry University’s U.S. locations are accredited by the Electronics Technology Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, an accreditation board for applied science, computing, engineering and technical education.

 

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The associate degree program in health information technology is offered online and at DeVry University locations in Atlanta (Decatur), Georgia, Chicago, Illinois, Columbus, Ohio, Dallas (Irving), Texas, Ft. Washington, Pennsylvania, Houston, Texas, North Brunswick, New Jersey, and Pomona, California. These programs, and the bachelor’s degree program in technical management with health information management specialty, are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (“CAHIIM”). Due to decreasing enrollments, onsite delivery of Health Information Technology (“HIT”) courses will be discontinued following the spring 2017 term. These locations remain programmatically accredited until the courses are no longer offered onsite. The online offering of HIT will continue to be a programmatically accredited going forward.

 

The clinical laboratory science program at DeVry University’s Phoenix, Arizona campus is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (“NAACLS”).

 

The Project Management Institute’s Global Accreditation Center accredits DeVry University’s baccalaureate business administration and technical management programs when completed with project management emphasis.

 

DeVry University undergraduate and graduate degree programs in business and accounting were granted initial accreditation by the Accreditation Council for Business Programs and Schools (“ACBSP”) in May 2013. DeVry University became only the ninth institution to achieve separate accounting accreditation from the ACBSP at the time of initial accreditations. This is an important milestone in recognition of DeVry University’s quality programs and its commitment to continuous improvement.

 

TUITION AND FEES

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International

 

Effective September 2016, preliminary tuition rates for the beginning basic sciences and final clinical rotation portions of AUC’s medical program will be $20,960 and $23,450, respectively, per semester. These tuition rates represent a 3.5% increase over the prior academic year. In addition to tuition, students attending AUC are subject to a $250 per semester educational resource fee while attending semesters 1 through 10, a $35 per semester student government fee while attending semesters 1 through 5, and a $300 per semester fee for professional liability insurance while performing clerkships in semesters 6 through 10. These amounts do not include the cost of transportation, living expenses and health insurance.

 

Effective September 2016, preliminary tuition rates for the beginning basic sciences and Internal Medicine Foundations/final clinical portion of the programs at RUSM will be $21,325 and $23,530, respectively, per semester. These tuition rates represent a 3.6% increase over the prior academic year. In addition to tuition, students attending RUSM are subject to a $400 per semester educational resource fee while attending semesters 1 through 10 and a $50 per semester student government fee while attending semesters 1 through 4. These amounts do not include the cost of transportation, living expenses and health insurance.

 

Effective September 2016, preliminary tuition rates for the basic sciences and final clinical portion of the programs at RUSVM will be $18,310 and $22,985, respectively, per semester. These tuition rates will not have increased over the prior academic year; however, effective September 2016, new incoming students will be subject to a one-time $780 technology fee to cover introduction of new “paw pad” technology. These amounts do not include the cost of transportation, living expenses and health insurance.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Effective May 2016, tuition is $675 per credit hour for students enrolling in the BSN (onsite) and LPN-to-RN programs. This rate represents a 1.5% increase over the prior year. This amount includes the cost of electronic books but does not include hard copy books, supplies, transportation and living expenses.

 

Effective May 2016, tuition is $590 per credit hour for students enrolled in the RN-to-BSN online degree program. This tuition rate has not increased since July 2011. Tuition for students enrolled in the online MSN program is $650 per credit hour, which is unchanged since July 2010. For students enrolled in the FNP track, tuition is $665 per credit hour for the ten FNP specialty courses. Tuition for the online DNP program is $750 per credit hour, which is unchanged from the prior two years.

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Carrington College

 

On a per credit hour basis, tuition for Carrington programs range from $302 per credit hour to $1,684 per credit hour, with the wide range due to the nature of the programs. General education courses are charged at $335 to $371 per credit hour. General education and most program tuition rates have not increased from the prior year. Student tuition is reduced accordingly for any incoming academic credits that are applicable. Students are charged a non-refundable registration fee of $100, and they are also charged separately for books and special (program specific) supplies and/or testing. A student services fee ranging from $30 to $150 is charged as well, depending on the program. Total program tuition ranges from approximately $12,000 for certificate programs to over $60,000 for some advanced programs. Tuition for programs offered by Carrington is based on the cost to provide the education as well as market conditions affecting the programs and the locations in which they are offered.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

DeVry Brasil operates through 22 academic sites in 12 states in Brazil and more than 220 Damasio franchisees located throughout Brazil. Each of these cities has different competitive markets and therefore tuition differs from one city to another.

 

All DeVry Brasil institutions have tuition levels that are competitive with other top ranked institutions in their local markets. Due to the nature and wide range of programs, 339 different programs across DeVry Brasil institutions, tuition varies from approximately US$151 per month for an Associate Degree up to approximately US$1,800 per month for a Medical Degree. Damasio provides test preparation, undergraduate and graduate courses which vary in price from approximately US$74 for a test preparation course up to approximately US$657 for a graduate course. This pricing structure is consistent with DeVry Brasil’s positioning as a quality education provider offering a high level of service to its students.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Effective July 1, 2016, the price of Becker’s complete classroom CPA review course is $3,393. Exam candidates may elect to enroll for individual sections of the exam review course at a price of $1,131 per section. These prices represent no increase from the prior year. Becker offers discounts from these tuition rates under various enrollment promotions at college campuses, state CPA societies and participating accounting firms.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

DeVry University’s Fixed Tuition Promise (“FTP”) is a cohort tuition policy for matriculating students enrolled in the July 2014 through May 2017 sessions, whereby tuition rates are locked in until students graduate as long as they remain enrolled. To maintain eligibility, students may not miss more than five consecutive sessions. The FTP applies to students in all programs and all levels of study.

 

Effective September 2015, DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate tuition is $609 per credit hour for new students and the special savings when a student took seven or more credits was eliminated. If a student was enrolled before September 2015, they will still pay $365 for each credit hour in excess of seven as they are covered under the FTP. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation and living expenses. Based upon current tuition rates, a full-time student enrolling in the five semester undergraduate network systems administration associate degree program will pay total tuition of $39,585. A student enrolled in the eight semester undergraduate business administration bachelor’s degree program will pay total tuition of $75,516. Each semester is comprised of two eight-week sessions.

 

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Among four-year institutions, DeVry University’s undergraduate tuition during the 2014-2015 academic year was lower than the average tuition of independent schools and the average out-of-state (unsubsidized) tuition of public schools, but it was higher than the average in-state (taxpayer subsidized) tuition of publicly-supported institutions, according to data published in the Annual Survey of Colleges by the College Board. At four-year private schools, the average annual undergraduate tuition and fees for the 2014-2015 academic year was $31,231 at independent schools (a 3.7% increase from the prior year) and $15,230 at private-sector schools (a 1.3% increase from the previous year). The average annual undergraduate tuition and fees at four-year public schools was $9,139 for in-state (a 2.9% increase from the previous year) and $22,958 for out-of-state tuition (a 3.3% increase from the previous year).

 

Effective July 2016, Keller program tuition per course is $2,298. This rate has not increased since July 2012.

 

Under the Career Catalyst Scholarship, DeVry University provides scholarship awards to qualifying students. The scholarships are valued at up to a total of $20,000 per student, depending on the degree and transfer credits brought in by a student. Students qualifying for DeVry University’s Career Catalyst Scholarship are eligible to receive scholarship awards of progressive amounts over a period of three years. For example, students in their first year of a bachelor’s degree program can be awarded up to $5,000. During the second year, the available award may increase up to $7,000. For the third year, the award can increase up to $8,000.

 

The Career Catalyst Scholarship discussed above and other scholarship offerings were consolidated into a new DeVry University Scholarship and Grant which was announced in February 2016 (effective for the March 2016 session). This offering is for new and readmitted undergraduate students. The merit-based award is designed to give qualified students an opportunity to be rewarded for their academic performance as they progress in their studies to graduation. Initial awards are based on a student’s incoming grade point average, with subsequent awards determined annually based on the student’s cumulative GPA. Eligible students can receive up to $25,000 in lifetime award funding for bachelor’s degree students, and up to a $12,500 lifetime award for associate degree students. Award amounts range from $1,000 to $2,500 per semester for full-time enrollment.

 

If a student leaves school before completing an enrollment period, U.S. state, and Canadian provincial regulations permit schools to retain a set percentage of the total tuition received. This amount varies, but generally equals or exceeds the percentage of the term the student completes. Excess amounts are refunded to the student or the appropriate financial aid funding source.

 

FINANCIAL AID AND FINANCING STUDENT EDUCATION

 

Students attending AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington, DeVry Brasil and DeVry University pay for their education through a variety of sources. These sources include government-sponsored financial aid, private and university-provided scholarships, employer-provided tuition assistance, veteran’s benefits, private loans and cash payments. Students attending Becker review courses are not eligible for federal or state financial aid, but many receive partial or full tuition reimbursement from their employers. In addition, Becker’s CPA Review course can be financed through Becker under an 18-month term loan program.

 

The following table summarizes DeVry Group’s cash receipts from tuition payments by fund source as a percentage of total revenue for the fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively. Final data for fiscal year 2016 is not yet available.

 

   Fiscal Year 
   2015   2014 
Funding Source:          
Federal Assistance (Title IV) Program Funding (Grants and Loans)   59%   60%
Brazil FIES Public Loan Program   2%   3%
State Grants   1%   1%
Private Loans   1%   1%
Student accounts, cash payments, private scholarships, employer and military provided tuition assistance and other   37%   35%
Total   100%   100%

 

All financial aid and assistance programs are subject to political and governmental budgetary considerations. In the U.S., the Higher Education Act (as reauthorized, “HEA”) guides the federal government’s support of postsecondary education. The HEA was last reauthorized by the U.S. Congress in July 2008, and was signed into law in August 2008. The reauthorization of the HEA automatic one year extension is scheduled to expire on September 30, 2016. Committee leadership of both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate have begun reauthorization activities with hearings and introduction of several related bills. Existing programs and participation requirements are subject to change in this process. Among the issues that management believes may be included in the final reauthorization bill are affordability and college costs; access, persistence and completion; better information for consumers; student loan programs; accreditation and oversight; innovation; and the burden of federal regulations. Additionally, funding for student financial assistance programs may be impacted during appropriations and budget actions.

 

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Information about Particular U.S. Government Financial Aid Programs

 

AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University students participate in many U.S. and Canadian financial aid programs. Each of these programs is briefly described below.

 

United States Federal Financial Aid Programs

 

Students in the U.S. rely on three types of ED student financial aid programs under Title IV of the HEA.

 

1. Grants. Chamberlain Carrington and DeVry University undergraduate students may participate in the Federal Pell Grant and Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grant programs.

 

·Federal Pell Grants: These funds do not have to be repaid and are available to eligible undergraduate students who demonstrate financial need and who have not already received a baccalaureate degree. For the 2015-2016 school year, eligible students could receive Federal Pell Grants ranging from $588 to $5,775.

 

·Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (“FSEOG”): This is a supplement to the Federal Pell Grant, and is only available to the neediest undergraduate students. Federal rules restrict the amount of FSEOG funds that may go to a single institution. The maximum individual FSEOG award is established by the institution but cannot exceed $4,000 per academic year. Educational institutions are required to supplement federal funds with a 25% matching contribution. Institutional matching contributions may be satisfied, in whole or in part, by state grants, scholarship funds (discussed below) or by externally provided scholarship grants.

 

2. Loans. AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University students may participate in the Direct Subsidized, Unsubsidized and PLUS programs within the Federal Direct Loan Program. Carrington and DeVry University students may also participate in the Federal Perkins Student Loan Program.

 

·Direct Subsidized Loan: Awarded on the basis of student financial need, it is a low-interest loan (a portion of the interest is subsidized by the Federal government) available to undergraduate students with interest charges and principal repayment deferred until six months after a student no longer attends school on at least a half-time basis (the student is responsible for paying the interest charges during the six months after no longer attending school on at least a half-time basis for those loans with a first disbursement between July 1, 2012 and July 1, 2014). First time borrowers after July 1, 2013 are eligible for Direct Subsidized Loans only for 150% of the published length of their academic program. Loan limits per academic year range from $3,500 for students in their first academic year to $5,500 for students in their third or higher undergraduate academic year.

 

·Direct Unsubsidized Loan: Awarded to students who do not meet the needs test or as an additional supplement to the Direct Subsidized Loan. These loans incur interest from the time funds are disbursed, but actual principal and interest payments may be deferred until six months after a student no longer attends school on at least a half-time basis. Unsubsidized Loan limits per academic year range from $6,000 for students in their first and second academic year to $7,000 in later years and increasing to $20,500 per academic year for graduate and professional program students. Additionally, a student without financial need may borrow an additional amount of Unsubsidized Loans up to the limit of the Direct Subsidized Loan at their respective academic grade level. The total Direct Loan aggregate borrowing limit for undergraduate students is $57,500 and $138,500 for graduate students, which is inclusive of Direct Subsidized Loan amounts borrowed as an undergraduate.

 

·PLUS and Grad PLUS Loans: Enables a graduate student or parents of a dependent undergraduate student to borrow additional funds to meet the cost of the student’s education. These loans are not based on financial need, nor are they subsidized. Interest begins to accrue, and repayment obligations begin, immediately after the loan is fully disbursed, but may be deferred until a student no longer attends school on at least a half-time basis. Graduate students and parents may borrow funds up to the cost of attendance which includes allowances for tuition, fees and living expenses. Both PLUS and Grad PLUS are subject to credit approval, which generally requires the borrower to be free of any current adverse credit conditions. A co-borrower may be used to meet the credit requirements.

 

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·Federal Perkins Loan: A low-interest loan available only to those students who demonstrate exceptional financial need with interest and principal repayment deferred until nine months after a student no longer attends school on at least a half-time basis. The maximum Federal Perkins Loan amount is established by the institution, but cannot exceed $5,500 per award year. Ongoing funding for this program is provided from collections on loans issued in previous years. When students repay principal and interest on these loans, that money goes to the pool of funds available for future loans to students at the same institution. The authorization of the Federal Perkins Loan Program is made separate in the HEA from the Direct Loan Programs and is scheduled to expire on September 30, 2017.

 

3. Federal Work-study. This program offers work opportunities, both on or off campus, on a part-time basis to students who demonstrate financial need. Federal Work-study wages are paid partly from federal funds and partly from qualified employer funds.

 

State Financial Aid Programs

 

Certain states, including Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, offer state grant and loan assistance to eligible undergraduate students attending DeVry Group institutions.

 

Canadian Government Financial Aid Programs

 

Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada (other than students from the Northwest Territories, Nunavet or Quebec) are eligible for loans under the Canada Student Loans Program, which is financed by the Canadian government. Eligibility and amount of funding vary by province. Students attending AUC, RUSM, RUSVM or DeVry University online in the U.S. may be eligible for the Canada Student Loan Program. The loans are interest-free while the student is in school, and repayment begins six months after the student leaves school. Qualified students also may benefit from Canada Study Grants (designed for students whose financial needs and special circumstances cannot otherwise be met), tax-free withdrawals from retirement savings plans, tax-free education savings plans, loan repayment extensions and interest relief on loans.

 

Information about Other Financial Aid Programs

 

Private Loan Programs

 

Some AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University students rely on private (non-federal) loan programs for financial assistance. These programs are used to finance the gap between a student’s educational and living costs and their financial aid awards. The amount of the typical loan varies significantly according to the student’s enrollment and financial aid awards. DeVry Group estimates that approximately one-half of the borrowings under private loan programs are used by students to pay for non-educational expenses, such as room and board.

 

Most private loans are approved using the student’s or a co-borrower’s credit history. The cost of these loans varies, but in almost all cases will be more costly than the federal programs. The application process is separate from the traditional financial aid process. Student finance personnel at DeVry Group’s degree-granting institutions coordinate these processes so that students generally receive assistance from the federal and state programs before utilizing private loans.

 

DeVry Group does not maintain a preferred lender list, but does list all of the lenders that made private loans to DeVry Group students in the previous year and still offer loans to DeVry Group students.

 

Tax-favored Programs

 

The U.S. has a number of tax-favored programs aimed at promoting savings for future college expenses. These include state-sponsored “529” college savings plans, state-sponsored prepaid tuition plans, education savings accounts (formerly known as education IRAs), custodial accounts for minors, Hope and Lifetime Learning credits and tax deductions for interest on student loans.

 

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Brazilian Government Financial Aid Programs

 

DeVry Brasil students are eligible for loans under Brazil’s FIES public loan program (“Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil” or “Students Financing Fund”), which is financed by the Brazilian government. DeVry Brasil also participates in PROUNI (“Programa Universidade para Todos” or “University for All Program”), a Brazilian governmental program which provides federal tax incentives to educational institutions in exchange for providing scholarships to lower income undergraduate students.

 

FIES targets students from low socio-economic backgrounds enrolled at private postsecondary institutions. Eligible students receive loans with below market interest rates that are required to be repaid after an 18-month grace period upon graduation. FIES pays participating educational institutions tax credits which can be used to pay certain federal taxes and social contributions. FIES repurchases excess credits for cash. FIES deducts from periodic payments to DeVry Brasil an average amount of 5.81% to cover administrative expenses (5.63%) and student defaults (0.18%). There is no additional cost to DeVry Brasil if students fail to pay their loans under the applicable rules. In fiscal year 2016, approximately 31% of DeVry Brasil’s degree-seeking students were financing their education under the FIES program, and approximately 29% of DeVry Brasil revenue was associated with the program.

 

PROUNI promotes the offering of tuition discounts in private postsecondary education schools by granting federal tax incentives for the participating institutions. Discounts reduce tuition by either 50% or 100%. The percentage is driven by rules defined by the Brazilian government based on family monthly earnings. Neither DeVry Brasil nor its students receive direct funding from the federal government for the tuition discounts granted. Instead, DeVry Brasil reduces its income tax expense and its income tax liability for the amount of the discounts issued. As of June 30, 2016, approximately 11% of DeVry Brasil’s students have obtained scholarships under the PROUNI program.

 

Specialized staff at DeVry Brasil review, interpret and establish procedures for compliance with regulations related to FIES and PROUNI. Both programs are required to be managed in accordance with government standards. Any regulatory violation can be the basis for disciplinary action, including suspension, limitation or termination of rights under the financial assistance program.

 

In addition to the requirements that educational institutions must meet, student recipients of FIES and PROUNI must maintain satisfactory academic progress towards completion of their programs of study and an appropriate grade point average every semester.

 

During fiscal year 2015, the Brazilian postsecondary education sector experienced significant funding changes. Government financial aid initiatives have impacted enrollment growth trends. The Brazilian government has stated that it is supportive of the FIES program, which is important in helping achieve the national goal of increasing the number of college graduates; however, changes enacted in calendar year 2015 to the FIES regulations have added restrictions limiting student eligibility for FIES funding and extended the government’s time to disburse funding to participating institutions. These changes include reducing the number of new FIES contracts, decreasing the monthly maximum family income limits that students’ families must not exceed to qualify for a FIES loan, and adding minimum required entrance test scores in order to qualify for a FIES loan. Many educational groups and private institutions have experienced a decline in new student enrollment as a result of the new FIES regulations. In addition, the annual interest rate borrowers are charged increased from 3.4% to 6.5%. In 2016, the Brazilian government increased the maximum family income limits that students´ families must not exceed to qualify for loans from 2.5 to 3 times the minimum wage. This increased the population that qualifies for these FIES loans.

 

DeVry Group-Provided Financial Assistance

 

DeVry University undergraduate students are eligible for numerous DeVry Group-sponsored scholarships. Scholarship programs generally are designed to attract recent high school graduates and students enrolled at community colleges, with awards that range from $500 to $2,667 per term. DeVry University has also provided funds in the form of institutional grants to help those students most in need of financial assistance.

 

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DeVry Group’s institutional loan programs are available to students at its AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University institutions. These loan programs are designed to assist students who are unable to completely cover educational costs by other means. These loans may be used for tuition, books and fees and are available only after all other student financial assistance has been applied toward those purposes. In addition, AUC, RUSM and RUSVM loans may be used for students’ living expenses. Interest charges accrue each month on the unpaid balance. Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University require that students begin repaying loans while they are still in school with a minimum payment level designed to prove their capability to repay and reduce the possibility of over borrowing and targeted to minimize interest being accrued on the loan balance. Payments may increase upon completing or departing the program. After a student leaves school, the student typically will have a monthly installment repayment plan. In addition, the Becker CPA Review Course can be financed through Becker with an 18-month term loan program.

 

The institutional loans do not impose any origination fees, in general have a fixed rate of interest and most carry annual and aggregate maximums that ensure that they are only a supplemental source of funding and not relied on as the main source. Borrowers must be current in their payments in order to be eligible for subsequent disbursements. Borrowers are advised about the terms of the loans and counseled to utilize all federal funding options.

 

DeVry Group institutional loans are carried on our balance sheet and there are no relationships with external parties that shift the risk away from DeVry Group.

 

Employer-Provided Tuition Assistance

 

Chamberlain and DeVry University students who receive employer tuition assistance may choose from several deferred tuition payment plans. Students eligible for tuition reimbursement plans may have their tuition billed directly to their employers or payment may be deferred until after the end of the session. Educational expenses paid by an employer on behalf of an employee generally are excludable from the employee’s income if provided under a qualified educational assistance plan. At present, the maximum annual exclusion is $5,250.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Students taking the Becker Review courses are not eligible for federal or state financial aid, but many receive partial or full tuition reimbursement from their employers. Private loans are also available to students to help meet the program costs. In addition, Becker’s CPA Review course can be financed through Becker under an 18-month term loan program.

 

LEGISLATIVE AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

 

Extensive and complex regulations govern all government grant, loan and work study programs in which AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington, DeVry Brasil, DeVry University and their respective students participate. DeVry Group must comply with many rules and standards. Like all other educational institutions, DeVry Group’s administration of these programs is regularly reviewed by various regulatory agencies and is subject to audit or investigation by other governmental authorities. Any violation could be the basis for penalties or other disciplinary action, including the suspension, limitation or termination of an institution’s eligibility to participate in financial aid programs.

 

U.S. Federal Regulations

 

Our domestic postsecondary institutions are subject to extensive federal and state regulations. The HEA and the related ED regulations govern all higher education institutions participating in Title IV programs, and provide for a regulatory triad by mandating specific regulatory responsibilities for each of the following:

 

·The federal government through ED;
·The accrediting agencies recognized by ED; and
·State higher education regulatory bodies.

 

To be eligible to participate in Title IV programs, a postsecondary institution must be accredited by an accrediting body recognized by ED, must comply with the HEA and all applicable regulations thereunder, and must be authorized to operate by the appropriate postsecondary regulatory authority in each state in which the institution operates, as applicable.

 

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In addition to governance by the regulatory triad, there has been substantial and continuing increased focus in recent years by members of the U.S. Congress and federal agencies, including ED, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”), on the role that proprietary educational institutions play in higher education. Congressional hearings and roundtable discussions have been held regarding various aspects of the education industry, and reports have been issued that are highly critical of proprietary institutions and include a number of recommendations to be considered by Congress in connection with the upcoming reauthorization of the HEA. In addition, in October 2014, ED formed an inter-agency task force involving multiple federal agencies and departments including the FTC, the U.S. Departments of Justice, Treasury and Veterans Affairs, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the SEC, and numerous state attorneys general, to coordinate activities and share information to protect students from unfair, deceptive and abusive acts and practices. In February 2016, ED established a Student Aid Enforcement Unit with four divisions. The Investigations Group will work to identify misconduct by schools. The Borrower Defense Group will provide legal analysis, support and advice on borrower defense claims. According to an ED press call on February 8, 2016, the Borrower Defense Group will also analyze claims to make determinations of injury, investigate institutions in connection with borrower defense claims and coordinate with federal and state agencies regarding those claims. The Administrative Actions and Appeals Service Group (AAASG) will impose administrative actions against schools. The Clery Group will oversee institutional compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Statistics Act. We expect that this challenging regulatory environment will continue for the foreseeable future.

 

Changes in or new interpretations of applicable laws, rules, or regulations could have a material adverse effect on our eligibility to participate in Title IV programs, accreditation, authorization to operate in various states, permissible activities, and operating costs. The failure to maintain or renew any required regulatory approvals, accreditation, or state authorizations could have a material adverse effect on us. ED regulations regarding financial responsibility provide that, if any one of our Title IV-eligible institutions is unable to pay its obligations under its program participation agreement as a result of operational issues and/or an enforcement action, our other Title IV institutions, regardless of their compliance with applicable laws and regulations, would not be able to maintain their Title IV eligibility without assisting in the repayment of the first institution’s Title IV obligations. As a result, even though DeVry Group’s Title IV institutions are operated through independent entities, an enforcement action against one of our institutions could also have a material adverse effect on the businesses, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of DeVry Group’s other institutions and DeVry Group as a whole and could result in the imposition of significant restrictions on the ability for DeVry Group’s other institutions and for DeVry Group as a whole to operate. For further information, see “A bankruptcy filing by us or by any of our Title IV institutions, or a closure of one of our Title IV institutions, would lead to an immediate loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs” under subsection “Risks Related to DeVry Group’s Highly Regulated Industry” in Part I, “Item 1A – Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

 

We have summarized the most significant regulatory requirements applicable to our domestic postsecondary operations. DeVry Group and DeVry University have been significantly impacted by these regulations and enforcement efforts and are currently facing multiple and related investigations and lawsuits arising from the enhanced scrutiny facing the proprietary education sector. For information regarding such pending investigations and litigation, and the potential impact such matters could have on our institutions or on DeVry Group, see in this Form 10-K: (1) “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8, (2) the subsection of “Item 1A – Risk Factors” entitled “Risks Related to DeVry Group’s Highly Regulated Industry,” and (3) the subsection of “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

Eligibility and Certification Procedures

 

The HEA specifies the manner in which ED reviews institutions for eligibility and certification to participate in Title IV programs. Every educational institution participating in the Title IV programs must be certified to participate and is required to periodically renew this certification. Institutions that violate certain ED Title IV regulations, including its financial responsibility and administrative capability regulations, may lose their eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or may only continue participation under provisional certification. Schools that do not meet financial responsibility requirements are required to submit a letter of credit equal to at least 10 percent of its prior fiscal year Title IV disbursements and submit to ED’s heightened cash monitoring process. Provisional certification status carries fewer due process protections than full certification. As a result, ED may withdraw an institution’s provisional certification more easily than if it is fully certified.

 

Defense to Repayment Regulations

 

Under the HEA, ED is authorized to specify in regulations which acts or omissions of an institution of higher education a borrower may assert as a defense to repayment of a loan made under the Federal Direct Loan Program. On June 16, 2016, ED published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking concerning these defenses and other matters, including certain circumstances under which ED may impose a fine, or limit, suspend, or terminate an institution’s participation in Title IV programs (“Defense to Repayment Regulations”). ED’s current regulations permit a borrower to assert a borrower defense to repayment of a Direct Loan if the institution’s acts or omissions give rise to a cause of action against the institution under state law. The proposed regulations create a new federal standard for borrower defenses to repayment of Direct Loans, new limitation periods for such claims, and new processes for resolution of such claims. Under the proposed regulations, for Direct Loans first disbursed prior to July 1, 2017, ED would consider a borrower defense claim in accordance with the existing provisions, i.e., whether the institution’s acts or omissions give rise to a cause of action against the institution under state law. For Direct Loans first disbursed on or after July 1, 2017, a borrower could assert a defense to repayment based on one of three types of claims:

 

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·Breach of contract, if the institution failed to perform its obligations under the terms of a contract with the student;
·Substantial misrepresentation, if the institution or its agents made a substantial misrepresentation on which the borrower reasonably relied when the borrower decided to attend or to continue attending the institution; or
·Judgment against the institution, if a governmental agency or the borrower as an individual or a member of a class obtained a non-default favorable judgment against the institution before a court or administrative agency for matters related to the making of a loan.

 

The proposed regulations would amend the definition of “misrepresentation” to include omissions of information and to include statements with a likelihood or tendency to mislead under the circumstances. This definition would be adopted for purposes of the borrower defenses under the new regulation and for purposes of ED’s substantial misrepresentation regulations for which ED may impose a fine, or limit, suspend, or terminate an institution’s participation in Title IV programs.

 

Under the proposed rules, a borrower asserting breach of contract would be able to assert a defense to repayment of amounts owed to the government at any time after the institution’s breach and would be able to assert a right to recover amounts the government previously collected for a period not later than six years after the breach. A borrower asserting substantial misrepresentation would be able to assert a defense to repayment of amounts owed to the government at any time and would be able to assert a right to recover amounts the government previously collected not later than six years after the borrower discovers, or reasonably could have discovered, the information constituting the substantial misrepresentation. A borrower would be able to assert a defense to repayment or right to recover previously collected amounts based on a judgment against the institution at any time.

 

The proposed regulations would set forth two sets of procedures for borrower defense claims, one for individual borrowers and one for groups of borrowers identified by ED. For claims filed by individual borrowers, at the conclusion of a fact-finding process, ED would issue a final decision as to the merit of the claims and any relief granted to the borrower. ED would be able to initiate a separate proceeding to collect from the institution the amount of relief granted to the borrower. The group process would allow ED to identify a group of borrowers with common borrower defense claims based on individual claims filed or other sources. After a hearing concerning a group claim, ED would collect from the institution any liability assessed against the institution for relief granted to the borrowers.

 

The proposed regulations would also modify ED’s financial responsibility standards to provide that an institution (other than a public institution) is not able to meet its financial or administrative obligations, and is therefore not financially responsible, if it is subject to one or more triggering events, in some cases during specified periods of time (e.g., during the current award year or during any of the three most recently completed award years), including if the institution:

 

·Is a defendant in certain lawsuits and other actions that have resulted in or could result in liability or monetary damages above a certain amount;
·Is required to pay a liability to or settles certain suits brought by a state, federal, or other oversight agency;
·Is required to repay ED for losses from borrower defense claims in an amount that exceeds a certain threshold;
·Is required by its accrediting agency to submit a teach-out plan based on a location or school closure and for certain reasons or was placed on probation, issued a show-cause order, or placed on similar accreditation status;
·Violates a provision in or defaults on a loan agreement with its creditor with the largest secured extension of credit to the institution;
·Fails in the previous fiscal year the 90/10 non-Title IV revenue requirement;
·Receives certain warnings from the SEC, discloses or is required to disclose certain judicial or administrative proceedings, or fails to file timely required reports;
·Enrolls in gainful employment programs deemed “failing” or “in the zone” greater than 50% of all Title IV recipients enrolled in gainful employment programs at the institution;
·Has a composite score of less than 1.5 and has a withdrawal of owner’s equity by any means, including by declaring a dividend, with certain exceptions; or
·Has a cohort default rate of 30% or greater for each of the two most recent official calculations.

 

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In addition, under the proposed regulations, ED may determine that other events or conditions are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the institution and may at its discretion determine that an institution is not financially responsible on the basis of such “discretionary trigger” events, which include:

 

·Significant fluctuation in the amount of Title IV funds received by the institution;
·Citation by a state agency or authorizing agency for failing requirements;
·Failure of a financial stress test developed by ED;
·A non-investment grade bond or credit rating for the institution or its corporate parent;
·High annual dropout rates, as calculated by ED; and
·Any adverse event reported by the institution on a Form 8-K.

 

If ED determines that an institution is not financially responsible because of one or more triggering events, the institution would be required to provide an irrevocable letter of credit in connection with each triggering event equal to, in most cases, at least 10 percent of the amount of federal student financial aid funds received by the institution for the past year. An institution with multiple triggering events would be required to post cumulative letters of credit. An institution that is required to provide a letter of credit would also be required to disclose to students information about the letter of credit. While the scope of the final regulations remains unclear, given the significant uncertainties in the regulations and the latitude provided to ED, it is possible that the final regulations may create significant liability or cause us to have to post a significant letter of credit that could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

In addition to the disclosure to students about the institution’s letter of credit obligations, the proposed regulations include a loan repayment warning requirement applicable solely to proprietary institutions. If a proprietary institution has a loan repayment rate that is less than or equal to zero during any fiscal year, it would be required to deliver a warning to prospective and enrolled students and also to place a warning on its website, its promotional materials, and its advertisements. Under the proposed regulations, an institution will have a loan repayment rate less than or equal to zero if the median in the population of borrowers has not paid down any of his or her loan balance within five years after leaving school.

 

The proposed regulations also would require schools to provide additional information to students regarding their right to obtain a closed school discharge in the circumstance of a closing school or location, and would provide for automatic discharges in certain situations. The disclosure provided to students would explain the benefits and consequences of obtaining a discharge if the school or location they are attending is scheduled to close, as compared to completing the program through a teach-out arrangement with another school. Under the proposed regulations, ED would also automatically grant a closed school discharge to borrowers attending a closed school or location who did not subsequently re-enroll in any Title IV eligible institution within three years after the date the school or location closed. DeVry Group’s institutions regularly provide for the initiation and orderly closure of locations consistent with student demand.

 

Lastly, the HEA currently provides for the discharge of a borrower’s loan if the student’s eligibility to borrow was falsely certified by the school. The proposed regulations update the rules regarding false certification and the procedures for applying for a false certification discharge.

 

We have submitted a comment letter on the regulations to ED.

 

The effective date of any final regulations cannot be determined at this time, but final regulations promulgated by November 1, 2016 would likely become effective July 1, 2017. We are unable to predict what such final regulations may contain, the result of any other current or future rulemakings, or the impact of such rulemakings on our business. In addition to the outcome from any legal proceeding instituted by a private party or governmental authority, facts asserted in pending or future lawsuits or the outcome of any pending or future governmental inquiry, lawsuit or enforcement action described in this Form 10-K in (1) “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements within “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and (2) the subsection of “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources” could serve as the basis for individual borrowers or by ED on behalf of a group of borrowers under the Defense to Repayment Regulations, the posting of substantial letters of credit, or the termination of eligibility of one of our institutions to participate in the Title IV program based on ED’s institutional capability assessment, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Gainful Employment

 

To be eligible for Title IV funding, most academic programs offered by private-sector institutions of higher education must prepare students for gainful employment (“GE”) in a recognized occupation, as determined in accordance with new regulations that became effective on July 1, 2015.

 

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The new GE regulations establish a framework with three components:

 

Certification: Institutions must certify that each of their GE programs meet state licensure and accreditation requirements and satisfy applicable educational prerequisites for professional licensure and certification.

 

Accountability Measures: To maintain Title IV eligibility, GE programs must meet minimum standards for limiting the debt burden versus the earnings of their graduates. GE programs will be considered passing, in the zone, or failing for each year in which the accountability measures are calculated, described as follows:

 

Pass: Programs whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden of 8% or less of total earnings or 20% or less of discretionary income.

 

Zone: Programs that are not passing and whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden greater than 8% and less than or equal to 12% of total earnings or greater than 20% and less than or equal to 30% of discretionary income.

 

Fail: Programs whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden greater than 12% of total earnings and greater than 30% of discretionary income.

 

Programs that fail in two out of any three consecutive years or do not pass in any four consecutive years will be disqualified from participation in the Title IV programs for a period of three years, and an institution is prohibited from establishing Title IV eligibility for any substantially similar program during that period.

 

Transparency: Institutions are required to make public disclosures regarding the performance and outcomes of their GE programs. The disclosures include information regarding program costs, median debt of all graduates and completion and placement rates and may include additional disclosure items beginning in 2017.

 

The accountability measures will typically weigh a calculated debt burden from graduates who completed their studies three and four years prior to the measuring academic year against the mean or median earnings of these graduates during the most recent calendar year prior to the conclusion of the measuring academic year. Thus for the 2014-2015 academic year (the first measurement year under these regulations), the cohort will include graduates from the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 academic years and earnings for these graduates from calendar year 2014. Graduate earnings data will be obtained by ED directly from the Social Security Administration and are not available to us at this time. Debt burdens for students enrolled in programs that require an internship or residency prior to licensure, such as the medical doctor degrees offered by AUC and RUSM, are calculated from cohorts who completed their studies six and seven years prior to the measuring academic year. Management expects draft measures for the 2014-2015 academic year to be released to the institutions in late 2016 or early 2017 and final measures to be released publicly in early 2017.

 

Because the information necessary to determine how our programs will fare under the accountability measures is not available at this time, we are unable to fully predict accurately the impact of the GE regulations’ accountability measures. The regulations contemplate a transition period in the first several years to afford institutions the opportunity to make changes to their programs and retain Title IV eligibility. We are using currently-available data to evaluate whether certain of our programs are at risk to fail the new requirements, or fall into the zone, and concurrently evaluating available options to bring at-risk programs into compliance.

 

Under this framework, we believe that less than 10% of the 2015-2016 academic year programs across Carrington and DeVry University are at risk of falling into the failing category. In addition, there are a number of programs that are at risk of falling into the zone category, including the RUSVM’s veterinary medicine program. Institutions will be required to provide warnings to enrolled and prospective students with respect to GE programs considered under the regulations to be in jeopardy of losing Title IV eligibility. Management expects that certain programs will be able to avoid falling into the zone or failing categories through adjustments to program price, including through scholarships, or, if appropriate and consistent with programmatic standards, the duration of programs. For programs where such adjustments are not feasible, which may include RUSVM’s veterinary medicine program, we may discontinue such programs or seek to establish relationships with third-party lenders to support student tuition and other expenses. These adjustments, or any requirement to issue warnings to enrolled and prospective students, could have a significant impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

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“90/10 Rule”

 

An ED regulation known as the “90/10 Rule” affects only proprietary postsecondary institutions, such as AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University. Under this regulation, an institution that derives more than 90% of its revenue on a cash basis from Title IV student financial assistance programs in two consecutive years loses eligibility to participate in these programs for at least two fiscal years. The following table details the percentage of revenue on a cash basis from federal financial assistance programs for each of DeVry Group’s Title IV eligible institutions for fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively. Final data for fiscal year 2016 is not yet available.

 

   Fiscal Year 
   2015   2014 
American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine   80%   81%
Ross University School of Medicine   80%   80%
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine   84%   85%
Chamberlain College of Nursing   65%   65%
Carrington College:          
California   76%   77%
Boise   70%   72%
Portland   76%   74%
Phoenix   80%   80%
DeVry University:          
Undergraduate   (1)   68%
Graduate   (1)   67%
Total   66%   68%

 

(1)During fiscal year 2015, DeVry University undergraduate and Keller Graduate School of Management began reporting under one Office of Postsecondary Education identification number (OPEID). As a result, there is no Undergraduate and Graduate breakout for DeVry University for fiscal year 2015 data.

 

Incentive Compensation

 

An educational institution participating in Title IV programs may not pay any commission, bonus or other incentive payments to any person involved in student recruitment or admissions or awarding of Title IV program funds, if such payments are based directly or indirectly in any part on success in enrolling students or obtaining student financial aid. The law and regulations governing this requirement never established clear criteria for compliance in all circumstances, but, prior to 2011, there were 12 safe harbors that defined specific types of compensation that were deemed to constitute permissible incentive compensation. The new rules effective in 2011 eliminated the 12 safe harbors. These changes increase the uncertainty about what constitutes incentive compensation and which employees are covered by the regulation. This makes the development of effective and compliant performance metrics more difficult to establish. As such, these changes limit DeVry Group’s ability to compensate our employees based on their performance of their job responsibilities, which could make it more difficult to attract and retain highly-qualified employees. Management believes that DeVry Group has not been, nor is currently, involved in any activities that violate the restrictions on commissions, bonuses or other incentive payments to recruiters.

 

Standards of Financial Responsibility

 

A separate financial responsibility test for continued participation by an institution’s students in U.S. federal financial assistance programs, which pre-dates the program integrity regulations, is based upon a composite score of three ratios: an equity ratio that measures the institution’s capital resources; a primary reserve ratio that measures an institution’s ability to fund its operations from current resources; and a net income ratio that measures an institution’s ability to operate profitably. A minimum score of 1.5 is necessary to meet ED’s financial standards. Institutions with scores of less than 1.5 but greater than or equal to 1.0 are considered financially responsible, but require additional oversight. These schools are subject to cash monitoring and other participation requirements. An institution with a score less than 1.0 is considered not financially responsible. However, a school with a score less than 1.0 may continue to participate in the Title IV programs under provisional certification. In addition, this lower score typically requires that the school be subject to cash monitoring requirements and post a letter of credit (equal to a minimum of 10 percent of the Title IV aid it received in the institution's most recent fiscal year).

 

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For the past several years, DeVry Group’s composite score has exceeded the required minimum of 1.5. Management believes it will continue to demonstrate the required level of financial stability. If DeVry Group were unable to meet requisite financial responsibility standards or otherwise demonstrate, within the regulations, its ability to continue to provide educational services, then DeVry Group could be subject to heightened cash monitoring or required to post a letter of credit to enable its students to continue to participate in federal financial assistance programs under provisional certification.

 

Administrative Capability

 

The HEA directs ED to assess the administrative capability of each institution to participate in Title IV programs. The failure of an institution to satisfy any of the criteria used to assess administrative capability may cause ED to determine that the institution lacks administrative capability and, therefore, subject the institution to additional scrutiny or deny eligibility for Title IV programs.

 

State Authorization

 

Institutions that participate in Title IV programs must be authorized to operate by the appropriate postsecondary regulatory authority in each state where the institution has a physical presence. Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University are specifically authorized to operate in all of the domestic jurisdictions that require such authorizations. Some states assert authority to regulate all degree-granting institutions if their educational programs are available to their residents, whether or not the institutions maintain a physical presence within those states. Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University have obtained licensure in states which require such licensure and where their students are enrolled.

 

On July 25, 2016, ED published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking concerning requirements for institutional eligibility to participate in Title IV programs. The proposed regulations would require an institution offering distance education or correspondence courses to be authorized by each state in which the institution enrolls students, if such authorization is required by the State. If an institution offers postsecondary education through distance education or correspondence courses in a state that participates in a state authorization reciprocity agreement, and the institution offering the program is located in a state where it is also covered by such an agreement, the institution would be considered legally authorized to offer postsecondary distance or correspondence education in the state where courses are offered via distance education, subject to any limitations in that agreement. The proposed regulations would also require an institution to document the state processes for resolving complaints from students enrolled in programs offered through distance education or correspondence courses. With regard to additional locations or branch campuses located in foreign countries, the proposed regulations would require that such campuses be authorized by an appropriate government agency of the country where the additional location or branch campus is located and, if at least half of an educational program can be completed at the location or branch campus, be approved by the institution's accrediting agency and be reported to the State where the institution's main campus is located. Lastly, the proposed regulations would require that an institution provide certain disclosures to enrolled and prospective students regarding its programs offered solely through distance education or correspondence courses.

 

The effective date of any final regulations cannot be determined at this time, but final regulations promulgated by November 1, 2016 would likely become effective July 1, 2017. We are unable to predict what such final regulations may contain or the result of any other current or future rulemakings. However, management believes DeVry Group’s institutions are currently appropriately licensed and will determine, once the new rules are issued, whether additional licensure is required.

 

Cohort Default Rates

 

ED has instituted strict regulations that penalize institutions whose students have high default rates on federal student loans. Depending on the type of loan, a loan is considered in default after the borrower becomes at least 270 or 360 days past due. For a variety of reasons, higher default rates are often found in private-sector institutions and community colleges — many of which tend to have a higher percentage of low-income students enrolled than do four-year publicly supported and independent colleges and universities.

 

Educational institutions are penalized to varying degrees under the William D. Ford Federal Direct Student Loan Program, depending on the default rate for the “cohort” defined in the statute. An institution with a cohort default rate that exceeds 20% for the year is required to develop a plan to reduce defaults, but the institution’s operations and its students’ ability to utilize student loans are not restricted. An institution with a cohort default rate of 30% or more for three consecutive years is ineligible to participate in these loan programs and cannot offer student loans administered by ED for the fiscal year in which the ineligibility determination is made and for the next two fiscal years. Students attending an institution whose cohort default rate has exceeded 30% for three consecutive years also are ineligible for Pell grants. Any institution with a cohort default rate of 40% or more in any year is subject to immediate limitation, suspension or termination proceedings from all federal aid programs. DeVry Group carefully monitors students’ loan default rates and has never had a cohort default rate of 30% or more for three consecutive years, or of 40% or more in any one year, at any of its institutions.

 

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According to ED, the three-year cohort default rate for all colleges and universities eligible for federal financial aid decreased to 11.8% in fiscal year 2012 (the latest period for which data are available) from 13.7% in fiscal year 2011.

 

Default rates for AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University students follow. The latest period for which final three-year data is available is 2012.

 

   Cohort Default Rate 
   2012   2011 
American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine   0.0%   1.5%
Ross University School of Medicine   0.4%   0.8%
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine   0.6%   0.3%
Chamberlain College of Nursing   3.8%   5.8%
Carrington College:          
California   15.1%   23.2%
Boise   10.3%   12.3%
Portland   15.7%   16.5%
Phoenix   17.5%   21.3%
DeVry University (1)   12.6%   18.5%
DeVry University: Federal Perkins Loan Program   20.4%   21.0%

 

(1)Beginning with the 3-year period ended September 30, 2011, all DeVry University programs are reported under the same Office of Postsecondary Education Identification code.

 

The three-year cohort default rates for Carrington College-California, Carrington College-Portland and Carrington College-Phoenix were in excess of 15.0% for the most recent year (2012). In accordance with ED regulations, disbursement of Title IV Stafford loans for new students is delayed for a thirty day period for any institution with a cohort default rate in excess of 15.0%. Management believes that the delay in the related cash receipts for this DeVry Group institution will not materially affect its operations or cash flow.

 

Under the Federal Perkins Loan Program, the institution is responsible for collecting outstanding loans. Any institution with a Perkins loan cohort default rate exceeding 15% must establish a default reduction plan. DeVry Group has worked to reduce the default rates for all loan programs by implementing financial awareness and student counseling programs and retaining outside loan servicing agencies to contact former students and inform them of their repayment options.

 

Student-Right-to-Know-Act

 

Institutions that participate in U.S. federal financial aid programs must disclose information upon request about undergraduate student “completion rates” to current and prospective students. The federal Student-Right-To-Know Act defines the cohort of students on which the institution must report as “first-time, full-time, degree-seeking” students who enter the fall term. Completion rates calculated in accordance with the statute for each of DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate campuses generally fall within the range of completion rates at selected four-year urban public colleges serving low-income students in the areas in which its campuses are located. However, its overall completion rate for full-time students (not limited to first-time students, who comprise only approximately 20% of DeVry University’s students) is more representative of DeVry University’s student population and is higher than reported in these statistics. Many DeVry University students have previously attended other colleges (and completion rates for undergraduate students entering with previous college experience generally are higher than for first-time students), but these students are not included in the completion rate statistics that are defined by the Student-Right-To-Know Act. In an effort to improve our completion rates as defined by the statute, DeVry University has enhanced its student support services. For 2008 freshman students (the latest period for which final completion statistics are available), the first-time, full-time degree-seeking graduation rate for DeVry University U.S. undergraduates was 32.0% as compared to the 2007 rate of 31.0%.

 

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Satisfactory Academic Progress

 

In addition to the requirements that educational institutions must meet, student recipients of financial aid must maintain satisfactory academic progress toward completion of their program of study and an appropriate grade point average.

 

Change of Ownership or Control

 

Any change of ownership or control of DeVry Group, depending on the type of change, may have significant regulatory consequences for each of DeVry Group’s Title-IV eligible institutions. Such a change of ownership or control could require recertification by ED, the reevaluation of accreditation by our institutions accreditors and/or reauthorization by state licensing agencies. If we experience a change of ownership or control, then AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University may cease to be eligible to participate in Title IV programs until recertified by ED. There is no assurance that such recertification would be obtained on a timely basis. After a change in ownership or control, most institutions will participate in Title IV programs on a provisional basis for a period of cone to three years.

 

In addition, most institutions would be required to report any material change in stock ownership to their principal institutional accrediting body, including in the case of Chamberlain and DeVry University, the HLC, and would be required to obtain approval prior to undergoing any transaction that affects, or may affect, its corporate control or governance. In the event of any such change, the applicable accreditor may undertake an evaluation of the effect of the change on the continuing operations of the affected institution for purposes of determining if continued accreditation is appropriate, which evaluation may include a comprehensive review.

 

In addition, some states in which our institutions are licensed require approval (in some cases, advance approval) of changes in ownership or control in order to remain authorized to operate in those states, and participation in grant programs in some states may be interrupted or otherwise affected by a change in ownership or control.

 

Refer to Part I, “Item 1A – Risk Factors” subsection “Risks Related to DeVry Group’s Highly Regulated Industry” of this Form 10-K. If regulators do not approve or delay their approval of transactions involving a change of control of our company, the eligibility of our institutions to participate in Title IV programs, our institutions’ accreditation and our institutions’ state licenses may be impaired in a manner that materially and adversely affects our business.

 

Brazil Regulations

 

Governmental regulations in foreign countries significantly affect our international operations. New or revised interpretations of regulatory requirements could have a material adverse effect on us. Changes in existing or new interpretations of applicable laws, rules, or regulations in the foreign jurisdictions in which we operate could have a material adverse effect on our accreditation, authorization to operate, permissible activities, and costs of doing business outside of the U.S. The failure to maintain or renew any required regulatory approvals could have a material adverse effect on our international operations.

 

State Approvals and Licensing

 

DeVry Group institutions require authorizations from many state higher education authorities or Canadian ministries to recruit students, operate schools, conduct exam preparation courses and grant degrees. Generally, the addition of any new program of study or new operating location also requires approval by the appropriate licensing and regulatory agencies. In the U.S., each Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University location is approved to grant certificates, diplomas, associate, bachelor’s and/or master’s and doctorate degrees by the respective state in which it is located. Additionally, many states require approval for out-of-state institutions to recruit within their state or offer instruction through online modalities to residents of their states. DeVry Group believes it is in compliance with all state requirements as an out-of-state institution. AUC and RUSM clinical programs are accredited as part of their programs of medical education by their respective accrediting bodies, approved by the appropriate boards in those states that have a formal process to do so and are posted with ED.

 

Many states and Canadian provinces require private-sector postsecondary education institutions to post surety bonds for licensure. In the U.S., DeVry Group has posted approximately $7.9 million of surety bonds with regulatory authorities on behalf of Chamberlain, Carrington, Becker and DeVry University.

 

Certain states have set standards of financial responsibility that differ from those prescribed by federal regulation. DeVry Group believes it is in material compliance with state and Canadian provincial regulations. If DeVry Group were unable to meet the tests of financial responsibility for a specific jurisdiction, and could not otherwise demonstrate financial responsibility, DeVry Group could be required to cease operations in that state. To date, DeVry Group has successfully demonstrated its financial responsibility where required.

 

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Compliance Program Overview

 

Specialized staff at DeVry Group’s home office and DeVry Brasil review, interpret and establish procedures for compliance with regulations governing financial assistance programs and processing financial aid applications. Because financial assistance programs are required to be administered in accordance with the standard of care and diligence of a fiduciary, any regulatory violation can be the basis for disciplinary action, including the initiation of a suspension, limitation or termination proceeding.

 

In the U.S., AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University have completed and submitted all required audits of compliance with federal financial assistance programs for fiscal year 2015. DeVry Group’s independent public accountants are currently conducting the required audits of the one-year period ended June 30, 2016.

 

DeVry Group’s efforts to ensure compliance with all of these regulatory requirements are extensive and include:

 

·A corporate Ombudsman’s’ office comprised of eight employees that respond to student concerns.
·An internal audit function reporting directly to the Audit and Finance Committee of the Board of Directors that continuously audits aspects of DeVry Group’s operations, including compliance with regulations.
·A six-person Regulatory Quality Assurance function that assists with the development and implementation of procedures and process controls and monitors execution to assure compliance with federal and state regulations.
·A sixteen-person Regulatory Compliance and Affairs team that is responsible for the review and required approval of all student and public-facing communications and media representing student outcomes, program costs or the delivery of educational services, scripted enrollment and financial advising, and monitoring of federal and state regulatory developments.
·Quality Assurance functions and the use of peer reviews within the operational units.
·Continuous monitoring of recorded phone calls in order to ensure that misrepresentations are not made.
·Strict adherence to compliance-approved scripting by colleagues when speaking to potential and current students.
·Required annual Ethics and Responsible Communications training that every employee must complete.
·Career Services processes that provide for redundant review of the accuracy of employment statistics.

 

CAREER SERVICES

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Career services professionals work with Chamberlain students to develop resumes, prepare for job interviews and target employment opportunities. The staff also maintains contact with local and national employers to proactively identify employment opportunities and arrange interviews. In addition, Chamberlain career services personnel gather data regarding employment and compensation as well as alumni perception of educational preparation for the workplace.

 

Carrington College

 

Carrington provides career service support to students through dedicated colleagues at each campus location. The range of services provided includes: assistance in preparing resumes, coaching to define a job search strategy, coaching to improve interviewing skills, employer outreach initiatives to identify job opportunities, access to posted online job opportunities and guidance to help graduates obtain employment in their field of study.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

DeVry Brasil institutions maintain a career services function inside a department named “CASA,” a Portuguese acronym for the “Student Support Center.” It is an integral part of DeVry Brasil student service solutions, providing academic support, advising on international programs and providing career advice. The service helps students to develop resumes and prepares for job interviews. The staff also searches for jobs and internship opportunities for DeVry Brasil students. All those activities are embedded in a program called “PDPE,” which translates to “Student Professional Development Program.” This program assists students to prepare an individual plan with a coach and such plan is followed up every 6 to 12 months.

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Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

DeVry University believes that the employment of its graduates is a component of its mission. Career Services professionals across the DeVry University system work diligently to partner with graduates to attain positions in their career fields. Although DeVry University cannot guarantee employment, it is dedicated to helping guide and motivate its students and graduates through their career planning and search. DeVry University representatives work with students and graduates on career planning, job interviewing and resume preparation. Students’ career efforts are also supported by an employer database containing information on national and local companies. Students can log into one site to view, apply for, and learn more about job opportunities appropriate to their experience and education level. DeVry University students and graduates have, in addition, access to robust online, self-service career preparation tools through My Compass To My Career. The capabilities of this system include a self-assessment application, networking tools, video tutorials, resume writing software, video mock interview software, links to resources and feeds for events and job leads relevant to DeVry University’s degree programs.

 

DeVry University holds virtual and onsite Career Fairs periodically to enable students to meet and network with recruiters of DeVry University graduates. The national job database that is available to DeVry University students also allows employers to access the system directly and post open positions, providing additional opportunities for students and graduates. In many cases, employer hiring representatives conduct interviews at DeVry University campuses.

 

SEASONALITY

 

DeVry Group’s quarterly revenue and net income fluctuate primarily as a result of the pattern of student enrollments. Generally, the schools’ highest enrollment and revenue typically occur in the fall, which corresponds to the second and third quarters of DeVry Group’s fiscal year. Enrollment is slightly lower in the spring, and the lowest enrollment generally occurs during the summer months. DeVry Group’s operating costs do not fluctuate as significantly on a quarterly basis.

 

Results of operations reflect both this seasonal enrollment pattern and the pattern of student recruiting activity costs that precede the start of every term. Revenue, operating income and net income by quarter for each of the past two fiscal years are included in “Note 16: Quarterly Financial Data” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

EMPLOYEES

 

As of June 30, 2016, DeVry Group had the following number of employees:

 

   Faculty and Staff   Temporary     
   Full-   Part-   and Student     
   time   time   Employees   Total 
DeVry Medical International   1,244    7    27    1,278 
Chamberlain College of Nursing   1,191    10    291    1,492 
Carrington College   763    127    61    951 
DeVry Brasil   3,557    2,268    199    6,024 
Becker Professional Education   217    5    123    345 
DeVry University   1,258    11    456    1,725 
DeVry Online Services   1,115    10    2    1,127 
Home Office   717    7    38    762 
Total   10,062    2,445    1,197    13,704 

 

DeVry Group also utilizes approximately 4,700 independent contractors who teach as adjunct faculty and instructors. These independent contractors are not included in the above table. Approximately 272 administrative and support employees of RUSM’s medical school campus in Dominica and approximately 6,024 employees at DeVry Brasil are covered by respective collective bargaining agreements with local unions. During fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group implemented involuntary reductions in force (RIF) that reduced its workforce by approximately 761 positions, primarily at DeVry University, Carrington and DeVry Group’s home office.

 

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Medical and Healthcare

 

DeVry Medical International

 

AUC is managed by a dean with appropriate department chairs and course directors to oversee the educational programs and clinical rotations. In addition, the school has student services staff to assist with student financial aid, housing and other student-related matters. The St. Maarten campus is supported by administrative staff located in Coral Gables, Florida and by the DMI central administrative staff located in Iselin, New Jersey.

 

RUSM and RUSVM are managed by deans with appropriate department chairs and course directors to oversee the educational operations. In addition, each campus has student services staff to assist with financial aid, housing and other student-related matters. The RUSM Dominica campus is supported by administrative staff located in Miramar, Florida. Both RUSM and RUSVM campuses are also supported by the DMI central administrative staff located in Iselin, New Jersey.

 

Faculty members at AUC and RUSM have either a Ph.D. or an M.D. degree or both. Full-time faculty are supplemented by visiting or part-time instructors who are engaged to lecture on very specialized or emerging subjects. Each veterinary faculty member has either a Ph.D. or D.V.M. degree or both. Faculty members at AUC, RUSM and RUSVM are not tenured.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Chamberlain campuses are managed by campus presidents who are doctorally-prepared nurses. Campus presidents report to a home office regional director of campus operations and are supported by the senior director of the baccalaureate nursing program who is responsible for standardized delivery of curricula on each campus. Student services staff is available to assist campus and online students with admissions, financial aid and other aspects of student life. The campuses and online program offerings are supported by a central administrative and management staff located in Downers Grove, Illinois.

 

In general, Chamberlain faculty members have a Master of Science in Nursing degree and many have additional advanced degrees. Those few faculty without a master’s degree who are working in a non-teaching role are enrolled in a graduate program in nursing. Liberal arts and sciences courses are taught by DeVry University or Chamberlain faculty. Chamberlain faculty members are not tenured.

 

Carrington College

 

Carrington campuses are managed by campus executive directors. These campus executive directors are supported by campus-based, director level support staff in the functional areas of admissions, career services, student finance, student records and academics. Further support and oversight in the areas of academics, student finance, admissions, human resources and information technology are provided by administrative staff located in Phoenix, Arizona and Sacramento, California. Support functions in accounting, finance, marketing, information technology and human resources are also maintained at these offices.

 

All Carrington faculty members must meet the minimum academic credentialing requirements as set forth by their respective institutional and programmatic accreditation bodies and state authorizing agencies, as applicable.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

Most of DeVry Brasil’s campuses are led by a General Director with some smaller center locations led by a General Manager. Damasio operations are led by a President. Most DeVry Brasil faculty members work part-time (less than 40 hours weekly). Because part-time faculty teach, pursuant to a contract with their institution, they are accorded the same rights and benefits as full-time employees in accordance with Brazilian employment laws. DeVry Brasil’s management team along with support service functions including academics, curriculum development, regulatory compliance, marketing and recruiting management, legal, licensing and accreditation, financial aid processing, finance, information technology and human resources are based in Fortaleza, Brazil. More than 80% of DeVry Brasil faculty members hold Master and/or Doctorate degrees.

 

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Becker Professional Education

 

Becker’s faculty consists primarily of practicing professionals and university professors who teach the review courses on a part-time, course-by-course basis. Becker is managed by a staff based primarily at DeVry Group’s Downers Grove, Illinois home office that supports its operations. Certain regional operations, as well as some other functions such as curriculum development, are managed and located throughout the U.S., the United Kingdom and Hong Kong.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

Each DeVry University campus and center is managed by a campus president or center dean and has a staff of academic deans and faculty, as well as academic support staff, admissions advisors, career service and student service personnel and other professionals. A group president oversees a number of the campuses and centers in defined areas.

 

DeVry University hires academic deans and faculty members in accordance with internal criteria, accrediting standards and applicable state law. All of DeVry University’s full-time faculty members hold advanced academic degrees, and most faculty members teaching in technical areas have related industry experience. Over 50% of DeVry University’s full-time faculty hold doctorate degrees. DeVry University offers sabbatical and other leave programs to allow faculty to engage in developmental projects or consulting opportunities so they can maintain and enhance their teaching skills. In addition to its regular faculty, DeVry University engages visiting faculty who teach on a part-time basis while continuing to work in their technical field or specialty. Faculty members are evaluated based on student comments and observations by an academic dean. DeVry University faculty members are not tenured.

 

Home Office

 

DeVry Group’s home office staff is located at offices in Downers Grove and Oak Brook, Illinois. The home office staff supports the employees for all of DeVry Group’s educational programs and locations by providing a broad range of services. Among the centrally provided support services are licensing and accreditation, marketing, information technology, financial aid processing, regulatory compliance, audit and compliance services, legal, tax, payroll, finance and accounting. Also, several of the institution’s home offices are located at the Downers Grove home office. Among the centrally located services each institution’s home office staff provides are curriculum development, academic management, marketing and recruiting management. Additionally, DeVry Group’s online operations are located in offices in Addison and Naperville, Illinois. Student finance administrative staff are also located in the Naperville facility.

 

TRADEMARKS AND SERVICE MARKS

 

DeVry Group owns and uses numerous trademarks and service marks, such as “DeVry,” “DeVry University,” “DeVry Shield Design,” “Keller Graduate School of Management,” “Becker Professional Education,” “Becker CPA Review,” “ATC International,” “Ross University,” “Chamberlain College of Nursing,” “Carrington College,” “Carrington College California,” “American University of the Caribbean” and others. All trademarks, service marks and copyrights associated with its businesses are owned in the name of DeVry Education Group Inc. or a subsidiary of DeVry Education Group Inc. DeVry Group vigorously defends against infringements of its trademarks, service marks and copyrights.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

DeVry Group’s website address is http://www.devryeducationgroup.com.

 

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Through its website, DeVry Group offers (free of charge) its Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m(a) or 78o(d)) (the “Exchange Act”) as soon as reasonably practicable after it electronically files such material with, or furnishes such material to, the SEC. The website also includes copies of the following:

 

DeVry Group Governance Principles

Policy for Shareholder Communication with Directors

Policy for Communicating Allegations Related to Accounting Complaints

Director Nominating Process

DeVry Group Code of Conduct and Ethics

Academic Quality Committee Charter

Audit and Finance Committee Charter

Compensation Committee Charter

External Relations Committee Charter

Nominating and Governance Committee Charter

 

Information contained on the website is not incorporated by reference into this report.

Copies of the DeVry Group’s filings with the SEC and the above-listed policies and charters also may be obtained by written request to Investor Relations at DeVry Group’s executive offices. In addition, DeVry Group’s filings with the SEC can be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including DeVry Group, that file electronically with the SEC; the website address is http://www.sec.gov.

 

ITEM 1A — RISK FACTORS

 

DeVry Group’s business operations are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties. Investors should carefully consider the risk factors described below and all other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K before making an investment decision with respect to DeVry Group’s common stock. If any of the following risks are realized, DeVry Group’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could be materially and adversely affected, and as a result, the price of DeVry Group’s common stock could be materially and adversely impacted. Because of their very nature, management cannot predict all the possible risks and uncertainties that may arise. Risks and uncertainties that may affect DeVry Group’s business include, but are not limited to:

 

Risks Related to DeVry Group’s Highly Regulated Industry

 

If any regulatory audit, investigation or other proceeding finds us or one or more of our institutions in the DeVry Group organization not in compliance with the numerous laws and regulations applicable to the postsecondary education industry, the fines, limitations, restrictions, or obligations on our business could, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Due to the highly regulated nature of proprietary postsecondary institutions, we are subject to audits, compliance reviews, inquiries, complaints, investigations, claims of non-compliance and lawsuits by federal and state governmental agencies, regulatory agencies, accrediting agencies, present and former students and employees, shareholders and other third parties, any of whom may allege violations of any of the regulatory requirements applicable to us. If the results of any such claims or actions are unfavorable to us or one or more of our institutions, we may be required to pay monetary fines or penalties, be required to repay funds received under Title IV programs or state financial aid programs, have restrictions placed on or terminate our schools’ or programs’ eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or state financial aid programs, have limitations placed on or terminate our schools’ operations or ability to grant degrees and certificates, have our schools’ accreditations restricted or revoked, or be subject to civil or criminal penalties. U.S. Department of Education (“ED”) regulations regarding financial responsibility provide that, if any of one of our Title IV-eligible institutions is unable to pay its obligations under its program participation agreement as a result of operational issues and/or an enforcement action, our other Title IV institutions, regardless of their compliance with applicable laws and regulations, would not be able to maintain their Title IV eligibility without assisting in the repayment of the first institution’s Title IV obligations. As a result, even though DeVry Group’s Title IV institutions are operated through independent entities, an enforcement action against one of our institutions could also have a material adverse effect on the businesses, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of DeVry Group’s other institutions and DeVry Group as a whole and could result in the imposition of significant restrictions on the ability for DeVry Group’s other institutions and for DeVry Group as a whole to operate.

 

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A coordinated regulatory and enforcement effort aimed at proprietary postsecondary institutions of higher education could be a catalyst for legislative or regulatory restrictions, investigations, enforcement actions, and claims that could, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

The proprietary sector is experiencing broad-based, intensifying scrutiny in the form of coordinated investigations and enforcement actions. In October 2014, ED announced it would lead an interagency task force (the “Task Force”), formalizing a task force that had been operating for over a year in connection with several investigations. The Task Force is comprised of ED, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”), the U.S. Departments of Justice, Treasury and Veterans Affairs, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”), the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the Department of Defense (“DoD”), the Veterans Administration (“VA”) and numerous state attorneys general. The stated purpose of the Task Force is to “coordinate … activities and promote information sharing to protect students from unfair, deceptive, and abusive policies and practices.” Various federal agencies, including the CFPB, the SEC, and the FTC, are actively investigating or suing members of the sector, and at least 30 state attorneys general have joined an examination of potential abuses within the proprietary postsecondary education industry.

 

As described in “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, state attorneys general from Illinois, New York and Massachusetts have initiated inquiries into the practices of our institutions. In related actions, the FTC has filed a civil complaint against DeVry Group and entities related to DeVry University and ED has notified us of its intention to impose certain limitations on DeVry University regarding disclosures of certain post-graduate employment outcomes and impose other restrictions and requirements. Additionally, as described in the subsection of “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” each of Carrington College-Phoenix, RUSM and Carrington College-California are also undergoing comprehensive program reviews by ED and, separately, DeVry University received a preliminary program review report from ED that identified findings relating to its fiscal administration, student eligibility and administrative capability. The coordinated scrutiny facing the industry and us could directly or indirectly influence the disposition of these existing inquiries, administrative actions and claims or lead to the initiation of other inquiries, administrative actions or claims, which could, directly or indirectly, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Adverse publicity arising from investigations, claims or actions brought against us or other proprietary higher education institutions may negatively affect our reputation, business or stock price, or attract additional investigations, lawsuits or regulatory action, which could, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Adverse publicity regarding any pending or future investigations, claims and/or actions against us or other proprietary institutions could negatively affect our reputation, business and/or the market price of our common stock. Unresolved investigations, claims and actions, or adverse resolutions or settlements thereof, could also result in additional inquiries, administrative actions or lawsuits, increased scrutiny, the withholding of authorizations and/or the imposition of other sanctions by state education and professional licensing authorities, taxing authorities, our accreditors and other regulatory agencies governing us, which, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Government and regulatory agencies and third parties have initiated, and could initiate additional investigations, claims or actions against us, which could require us to pay monetary damages, halt certain business practices or receive other sanctions. The defense and resolution of these matters could require us to expend significant resources and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

As described in “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, state attorneys general from Illinois, New York and Massachusetts have initiated inquiries into the practices of our institutions and, in related actions, the FTC has filed a civil complaint against DeVry Group and entities related to DeVry University and ED has notified DeVry University of its intention to impose certain limitations on DeVry University regarding disclosures of certain post-graduate employment outcomes and impose other restrictions and requirements. Additionally, as described in the subsection of “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” each of Carrington College-Phoenix, RUSM, and Carrington College-California are also undergoing comprehensive program reviews by ED and, separately, DeVry University received a preliminary program review report from ED that identified findings relating to its fiscal administration, student eligibility and administrative capability. Due to the coordinated regulatory and enforcement efforts directed at us and other proprietary postsecondary higher education institutions and adverse publicity arising from such efforts, we may face additional government and regulatory investigations and actions, lawsuits from private plaintiffs and shareholder derivative claims. We may incur significant costs and other expenses in connection with our response to, and defense, resolution or settlement of, investigations, claims or actions, or group of related investigations, claims or actions, which, individually or in the aggregate, could be outside the scope of, or in excess of, our existing insurance coverage and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. As part of our resolution of any such matter, or group of related matters, we may be required to comply with certain injunctive relief, including altering certain business practices, or pay substantial damages, settlement costs, fines and/or penalties. In addition, findings or claims or settlements thereof could serve as a basis for additional lawsuits or governmental inquiries or enforcement actions, including actions under ED’s Defense to Repayment Regulations. Such actions, individually or combined with other proceedings, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. Additionally, an adverse allegation, finding or outcome in any of these matters could also materially and adversely affect our ability to maintain, obtain or renew licenses, approvals or accreditation and maintain eligibility to participate in Title IV, DoD and VA programs or serve as a basis for ED to discharge certain Title IV student loans and seek recovery for some or all of its resulting losses from us under ED’s proposed Defense to Repayment Regulations, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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ED has proposed regulations setting forth new standards and procedures related to borrower defenses to repayment of Title IV loan obligations, ED’s right of recoveries against institutions following a successful borrower defense, and institutional financial responsibility. While the ultimate scope of these regulations remains unclear, it is possible that a finding or allegation arising from current or future legal proceedings or governmental administrative actions, may create significant liability under the proposed regulations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

On June 16, 2016, ED, published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking concerning which acts or omissions of an institution of higher education a student borrower may assert as a defense to repayment of a loan made under the Federal Direct Loan Program, or a Direct Loan, and certain other matters. The proposed regulations create a new federal standard for borrower defenses, new limitation periods for borrower defense claims, and new processes for resolution of such claims. Under the proposed regulations, ED may initiate a separate proceeding to collect from the institution the amount of relief resulting from a borrower defense brought by an individual borrower ED would also collect from an open institution any liability for amounts discharged or reimbursed to borrowers under the group process. The proposed regulations would also modify ED’s financial responsibility standards to provide that an institution, other than a public institution, is not able to meet its financial or administrative obligations, and is therefore not financially responsible, if it is subject to one or more triggering events. If ED determines that an institution is not financially responsible because of one or more triggering events, to continue participating in Title IV programs, the institution would be required to provide an irrevocable letter of credit in connection with each triggering event equal to, in most cases, at least 10 percent of the amount of federal student financial aid funds received by the institution during the past fiscal year. An institution that is required to provide a letter of credit would also be required to disclose to students information about the letter of credit. For more information about the proposed regulations, see Part I, “Item 1 – Business” subsection “Legislative and Regulatory Requirements” of this Form 10-K.

 

The effective date of any final regulations cannot be determined at this time, but final regulations promulgated by November 1, 2016 would likely be effective July 1, 2017. We are unable to predict what such final regulations may contain, the result of any other current or future rulemakings, or the impact of such rulemakings on our business. In addition to the outcome from any legal proceeding instituted by a private party or governmental authority, facts asserted in pending or future lawsuits or the outcome of any pending or future governmental inquiry, lawsuit or enforcement action, including matters described in described in Part II, “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements within “Item 8 – Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and in the subsection of “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” could serve as the basis for claim by ED under the Defense to Repayment Regulations, the posting of substantial letters of credit, or the termination of eligibility of one of our institutions to participate in the Title IV program based on ED’s institutional capability assessment, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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Regardless of the merits of our actions, while we intend to defend ourselves vigorously in all pending and future legal proceedings, we may settle certain matters for strategic reasons, as a part of a resolution of other matters, or in order to avoid potentially worse consequences arising from inherently uncertain judicial or administrative processes. Moreover, regardless of the merits of our defenses, if we are unable to resolve certain legal proceedings or regulatory actions, indirect consequences arising from unproven allegations or appealable regulatory findings may cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

While the final Defense to Repayment regulations remain uncertain, certain constituencies are advocating for standards and processes that would afford holders of federal student loans the broadest relief, potentially arising from certain findings, in pending or future governmental inquiries, lawsuits or enforcement actions against us. Despite the merits of our actions and defense, we may settle certain matters for strategic reasons, as a part of a resolution of other matters, or in order to avoid potentially worse consequences in inherently uncertain judicial or administrative processes. The terms of such settlement could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. Additionally, although inconsistent with its usual practices, ED has broad discretion to impose significant limitations on us arising from acts it determines are in violation of their regulations, including potentially through the new Defense to Repayment Regulations. As a result, foreseeable and unforeseen consequences of prior and prospective adjudicated or settled legal proceedings and regulatory matters could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

If proposed Defense to Repayment Regulations are ultimately adopted by ED, pending or future lawsuits, investigations, program reviews and other events could each trigger, automatically or in some cases at ED’s discretion, the posting of letters of credit or other security that, in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Proposed Defense to Repayment Regulations, if ultimately adopted by ED, could require DeVry Group to post multiple and substantial letters of credit or other security in connection with, among other things, certain pending and future claims, investigations and program reviews, regardless of our compliance, the merits of our defenses, or, potentially, the severity of any findings or facts stipulated. The aggregate amount of these letters of credit or other required security could materially and adversely limit our borrowing capacity under our credit agreement and our ability to make capital expenditures to sustain, grow and diversify our operations, fund our operations and make dividend payments to shareholders. DeVry Group’s credit agreement allows DeVry Group to post up to $50 million in letters of credit. In the event DeVry Group is required to post letters of credit in excess of the $50 million limit, DeVry Group would be required to seek an amendment to its credit agreement or seek an alternative means of providing security required under by ED. DeVry Group may not be able to obtain the excess letters of credit or security or may only be able to obtain such excess letters of credit or security at significant cost.

 

We are subject to risks relating to regulatory matters. If we fail to comply with the extensive regulatory requirements for our operations, we could face fines and penalties, including loss of access to federal and state student financial aid for our students as well as significant civil liability, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

As a provider of higher education, we are subject to extensive regulation. These regulatory requirements cover virtually all phases and aspects of our U.S. postsecondary operations, including educational program offerings, facilities, civil rights, safety, privacy, instructional and administrative staff, administrative procedures, marketing and recruiting, financial operations, payment of refunds to students who withdraw, acquisitions or openings of new schools or programs, addition of new educational programs and changes in our corporate structure and ownership.

 

In particular, in the U.S., the HEA subjects our U.S. degree-granting institutions (Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University) and all other higher education institutions, including our AUC, RUSM and RUSVM schools, that participate in the various federal student financial aid programs under Title IV of the HEA (“Title IV”) to significant regulatory scrutiny. DeVry Group’s Title IV participating institutions collectively receive 59% of their revenue from students under Title IV-based federal grant and loan programs. As a result, the suspension, limitation or termination of any of the eligibility of any of our institutions to participate in Title IV financial aid programs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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To participate in Title IV financial aid programs, an institution must receive and maintain authorization by the appropriate state education agencies, be accredited by an accrediting commission recognized by ED, and be certified by ED as an eligible institution, which ultimately is accomplished through the execution of a Program Participation Agreement (“PPA”).

 

Our institutions that participate in Title IV programs each do so pursuant to a PPA that, among other things, includes commitments to abide by all applicable laws and regulations, such as the Incentive Compensation, Substantial Misrepresentation, and Gainful Employment (“GE”) regulations. Alleged violations of such laws or regulations may form the basis of civil actions for violation of state and/or federal false claims statutes predicated on violations of a PPA, including pursuant to lawsuits brought by private plaintiffs on behalf of governments (qui tam actions), that have the potential to generate very significant damages linked to our receipt of Title IV funding from the government over a period of several years.

 

As described in ”Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, on January 27, 2016, DeVry University received a Notice of Intent to Limit from ED (the “January 2016 Notice”) informing DeVry University of ED’s intention to impose certain limitations on the participation of DeVry University in programs authorized pursuant to Title IV. DeVry University has requested a hearing on ED’s decision, and will collaborate closely with ED to demonstrate DeVry University’s compliance and resolve this matter satisfactorily. In the event DeVry University is unable to demonstrate its compliance or otherwise resolve this matter satisfactorily, the January 2016 Notice would become effective, thus requiring, in addition to certain specified actions related to the alleged violations, DeVry University (1) to file a letter of credit with ED in an amount equal to at least 10% of the Title IV funds disbursed by DeVry University for its most recently completed fiscal year, which would reduce DeVry Group’s available credit under our revolving credit facility and/or cash balances by an amount equal to the letter of credit, and (2) to disburse funds under either ED’s cash monitoring or reimbursement payment method, the latter of which could result in delayed, potentially substantial, disbursements of Title IV funds. DeVry University would also be placed on provisional certification for Title IV eligibility, during which time it would be required to obtain prior ED approval to open a new location, add an educational program, or make certain substantive changes. Provisional certification status carries fewer due process protections than full certification. As a result, ED may withdraw an institution’s provisional certification more easily than if it is fully certified. Provisional certification does not otherwise limit access to Title IV program funds by students attending the institution.

 

On October 31, 2014, ED published new gainful employment (“GE”) regulations impacting programs required to prepare graduates for GE in a recognized occupation. Almost all academic programs offered by Title IV-participating private-sector institutions of higher education must prepare students for GE in a recognized occupation, as determined in accordance with new regulations that became effective on July 1, 2015.

 

The new GE regulations established a framework with three components:

 

Certification: Institutions must certify that each of their GE programs meet applicable state licensure and accreditation requirements and satisfy applicable educational prerequisites for professional licensure and certification.

 

Accountability MeasuresTo maintain Title IV eligibility, GE programs must meet minimum standards for limiting the debt burden versus the earnings of their graduates. GE programs will be considered passing, in the zone, or failing for each year in which the accountability measures are calculated, described as follows:

 

Pass: Programs whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden of 8% or less of total earnings or 20% or less of discretionary income.

 

Zone: Programs that are not passing and whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden greater than 8% and less than or equal to 12% of total earnings or greater than 20% and less than or equal to 30% of discretionary income.

 

Fail: Programs whose graduates have an assumed annual loan repayment burden greater than 12% of total earnings and greater than 30% of discretionary income.

 

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Programs that fail in two out of any three consecutive years or do not pass in any four consecutive years will be disqualified from participation in the Title IV programs for a period of three years, and an institution is prohibited from establishing Title IV eligibility for any substantially similar program during that period.

 

Transparency: Institutions are required to make annual public disclosures regarding the performance and outcomes of their GE programs. The disclosures include information regarding program costs, median debt of all graduates and completion and placement rates and may include additional disclosure items beginning in 2017.

 

The accountability measures will typically weigh a calculated debt burden from graduates who completed their studies three and four years prior to the measuring academic year against the mean or median earnings of these graduates during the most recent calendar year prior to the conclusion of the measuring academic year. Thus for the 2014-2015 academic year (the first measurement year under these regulations), the cohort will include graduates from the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 academic years and earnings for these graduates from calendar year 2014. Graduate earnings data will be obtained by ED directly from the Social Security Administration and are not available to us at this time. Debt burdens for students enrolled in programs that require an internship or residency prior to licensure, such as the medical doctor degrees offered by AUC and RUSM, are calculated from cohorts who completed their studies six and seven years prior to the measuring academic year. Management expects draft measures for the 2014-2015 academic year to be released to the institutions in late 2016 or early 2017 and final measures to be released publicly in early 2017.

 

Because the information necessary to determine how our programs will fare under the accountability measures is not available at this time, we are unable to fully predict accurately the impact of the GE regulations’ accountability measures. The regulations contemplate a transition period in the first several years to afford institutions the opportunity to make changes to their programs and retain Title IV eligibility. We are using currently-available data to evaluate whether certain of our programs are at risk to fail the new requirements, or fall into the zone, and concurrently evaluating available options to bring at-risk programs into compliance.

 

Under this framework, we believe that less than 10% of the 2015-2016 academic year programs across Carrington and DeVry University are at risk of falling into the failing category. In addition, there are a number of programs that are at risk of falling into the zone category, including the RUSVM’s veterinary medicine program. Institutions will be required to provide warnings to enrolled and prospective students with respect to GE programs considered under the regulations to be in jeopardy of losing Title IV eligibility. Management expects that certain programs will be able to avoid falling into the zone or failing categories through adjustments to program price, including through scholarships, or, if appropriate and consistent with programmatic standards, the duration of programs. For programs where such adjustments are not feasible, which may include RUSVM’s veterinary medicine program, we may discontinue such programs or seek to establish relationships with third-party lenders to support student tuition and other expenses. These adjustments, or any requirement to issue warnings to enrolled and prospective students, could have a significant impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

The U.S. Congress may change laws governing federal financial aid programs in ways that could materially impact our financial condition, operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Action by the U.S. Congress to revise the laws governing the federal student financial aid programs or reduce funding for those programs could reduce DeVry Group’s student enrollments and/or increase its costs of operation. Political and budgetary concerns significantly affect Title IV programs. The U.S. Congress enacted the HEA to be reauthorized on a periodic basis, which most recently occurred in August 2008. The 2008 reauthorization of the HEA made significant changes to the requirements governing the Title IV programs, including changes that, among other things:

 

·Regulated non-federal, private education loans;
·Regulated the relationship between institutions and lenders that make education loans;
·Revised the calculation of the student default rate attributed to an institution and the threshold rate at which sanctions will be imposed against an institution (as discussed above);
·Adjusted the types of revenue that an institution is deemed to have derived from Title IV programs and the sanctions imposed on an institution that derives too much revenue from Title IV programs;
·Increased the types and amount of information that an institution must disclose to current and prospective students and the public; and
·Increased the types of policies and practices that an institution must adopt and follow.

 

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The reauthorization of the HEA is scheduled to expire at the end of September 2016. Committee leadership of both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate have begun reauthorization hearings. Existing programs and participation requirements are subject to change in this process. Additionally, funding for the student financial assistance programs may be impacted during appropriations and budget actions.

 

The U.S. Congress can change the laws affecting Title IV programs in the annual federal appropriations bills and other laws it enacts between the HEA reauthorizations. At this time, DeVry Group cannot predict all of the changes that the U.S. Congress will ultimately make. Since a significant percentage of DeVry Group’s revenue is indirectly derived from Title IV programs, any action by the U.S. Congress that significantly reduces Title IV program funding or the ability of DeVry Group’s degree-granting institutions or students to participate in Title IV programs could have a material adverse effect on DeVry Group’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. Recently proposed legislation that, if enacted, could have a material adverse effect on our business includes:

 

·Limitations on the enrollment of U.S. citizens in foreign medical schools;
·Sharing of cost of defaulted federal student loans; and
·Extending Title IV eligibility to low-cost, non-traditional, non-accredited programs.

 

Our ability to comply with some of regulations of ED is affected by economic forces affecting our students and graduates that are not entirely within our control.

 

Our ability to comply with several regulations of ED is not entirely within our control. In particular, our ability to participate in federal Title IV programs is dependent on the ability of our past students to avoid default on student loans, obtain GE, and to pay for a portion of their education with private funds. These measurements are heavily influenced by broader economic drivers, including the personal or family wealth of our students, the overall employment outlook for their area of study and the availability of private financing sources. An economic downturn, or a worsening economic outlook, could impact these measurements, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

ED rules prohibiting “substantial misrepresentation” are very broad. As a result, we face increased exposure to litigation arising from student and prospective student complaints and enforcement actions by ED that could restrict or eliminate our eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

ED rules and internal guidance impose liability for "substantial misrepresentation" that, among other things, subject us to sanctions for statements containing inadvertent errors made to non-students, including any member of the public, impose vicarious liability on us for the conduct of others, and expose us to liability even when no actual harm occurs. It is possible that despite our efforts to prevent such misrepresentations, our employees or service providers may make statements that could be construed as substantial misrepresentations. As a result, we may face complaints from students and prospective students over statements made by us and our agents throughout the enrollment, admissions and financial aid process, as well as throughout attendance at any of our U.S. degree-granting schools, which would expose us to increased risk of enforcement action and applicable sanctions or other penalties, including potential Defense to Repayment liabilities, and increased risk of private qui tam actions under the Federal False Claims Act. Further, our historically disclosed graduate employment statistics, or advertising regarding such statistics, which ED is investigating, could be found to be in violation of ED regulations. If ED determines that an institution has engaged in substantial misrepresentation, ED may i) fine the institution; ii) discharge students’ debt and hold the institution liable for the discharged debt under the HEA or pursuant to the Defense to Repayment Regulations; or iii) suspend or terminate an institution’s agreement to participate in Title IV programs. ED may also impose limitations on the institution’s participation in Title IV programs, which could include the denial of applications from the institution for approval of new programs or locations, requiring the filing of a substantial letter of credit, or the imposition of one of ED’s heightened cash monitoring processes. Further, if the proposed Defense to Repayment rules are promulgated, student borrowers may seek forgiveness of their loans and based on claims of substantial misrepresentation. Any of the forgoing actions could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

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Regulations governing the eligibility of our U.S. degree-granting institutions to participate in Title IV programs preclude us from compensating any employee or third-party involved in student recruitment, admissions or awarding of financial aid based on their success in those areas. These regulations could limit our ability to attract and retain highly-qualified employees, to sustain and grow our business, or to develop or acquire businesses that would not otherwise be subject to such regulations.

 

An educational institution participating in Title IV programs may not pay any commission, bonus or other incentive payments to any person involved in student recruitment or admissions or awarding of Title IV program funds, if such payments are based directly or indirectly in any part on success in enrolling students or obtaining student financial aid. Our limited ability to compensate our employees based on their performance of their job responsibilities could make it more difficult for us to attract and retain highly-qualified employees. The regulations may also impair our ability to sustain and grow our business, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Additionally, guidance from ED indicates that these regulations would apply to services that we may provide to enable other educational institutions to offer online educational programs. These restrictions could materially restrict our ability to provide services competitive with other companies that provide, or will provide, online services to educational institutions without restrictions on incentive compensation.

 

A failure to demonstrate financial responsibility or administrative capability may result in the loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

All Title IV participating institutions are subject to meeting financial and administrative standards. These standards are assessed through annual compliance audits, periodic renewal of institutional program participation agreements, periodic program reviews and ad hoc events which may lead ED to evaluate an institution’s capacities. If ED determines, in its judgment, that we have failed to demonstrate either financial responsibility or administrative capability, we could be subject to sanctions, including, among other things, a requirement to post a letter of credit, fines, suspension or termination of our eligibility to participate in the Title IV programs, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. Administrative regulations give ED considerable discretion to assess the foregoing sanctions and, in some cases, such sanctions could be assessed on us without advance notice or any right of review or appeal before they become effective.

 

If ED does not recertify any one of our institutions to continue participating in the Title IV programs, students at that institution would lose their access to Title IV program funds, or ED could recertify our institutions but require our institutions to accept significant limitations as a condition of their continued participation in the Title IV programs.

 

ED certification to participate in the Title IV programs lasts a maximum of six years, and institutions are thus required to seek recertification from ED on a regular basis in order to continue their participation in the Title IV programs. An institution must also apply for recertification by ED if it undergoes a change in control, as defined by ED regulations.

 

Each of our institutions operates under a PPA with full certification from ED. There can be no assurance that ED will recertify after the PPA for each institution expires or that it will not limit the period of participation to less than six years, place the institutions on provisional certification, or impose conditions or other restrictions on our institutions as a condition of approving our application with respect to any future recertification. If ED does not renew or withdraws the certification to participate in the Title IV programs for one or more of our institutions at any time, students at such institution would no longer be able to receive Title IV program funds. Alternatively, ED could renew the certifications for our institution, but restrict or delay receipt of Title IV funds, limit the number of students to whom an institution could disburse such funds, or place other restrictions on that institution, or it could delay recertification after an institution PPA expires, in which case the institution’s certification would continue on a month-to-month basis.

 

If we fail to maintain our institutional accreditation or if our institutional accrediting body loses recognition by ED, we would lose our ability to participate in Title IV programs.

 

The loss of institutional accreditation by any of our schools would leave the affected school ineligible to participate in Title IV programs and would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. In addition, an adverse action by any of our institutional accreditors, other than loss of accreditation, such as issuance of a warning, could have a material adverse effect on our business. Increased scrutiny of accreditors by the Secretary of Education in connection with ED’s recognition process may result in increased scrutiny of institutions by accreditors or have other consequences.

 

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If regulators do not approve or delay their approval of transactions involving a change of control of our company, the eligibility of our institutions to participate in Title IV programs, our institutions’ accreditation and our institutions’ state licenses may be impaired in a manner that materially and adversely affects our business.

 

A change of ownership or control of DeVry Group, depending on the type of change, may have significant regulatory consequences for AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University. Such a change of ownership or control could require recertification by ED, the reevaluation of accreditation by each institution’s accreditors and/or reauthorization by each institutions’ state licensing agencies. If we experience a change of ownership or control, then AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University may cease to be eligible to participate in Title IV programs until recertified by ED. The continuing participation of each of AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University in Title IV programs is critical to our business. Any disruption in its eligibility to participate in Title IV programs would materially and adversely impact our business and financial condition.

 

In addition, our Title IV eligible institutions are required to report any material change in stock ownership to their principal institutional accrediting body and would generally be required to obtain approval prior to undergoing any transaction that affects, or may affect, its corporate control or governance. In the event of any such change, each of our institution’s accreditors may undertake an evaluation of the effect of the change on the continuing operations of our institution for purposes of determining if continued accreditation is appropriate, which evaluation may include a comprehensive review. If our accreditors determine that the change is such that prior approval was required, but was not obtained, many of our accreditors’ policies require it to consider withdrawal of accreditation. If accreditation is suspended or withdrawn with respect to any of our institutions, they would not be eligible to participate in Title IV programs until the accreditation is reinstated or is obtained from another appropriate accrediting body. There is no assurance that reinstatement of accreditation could be obtained on a timely basis, if at all, and accreditation from a different qualified accrediting authority, if available, would require a significant amount of time. Any material disruption in accreditation would materially and adversely impact our business and financial condition.

 

In addition, some states in which AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University are licensed require approval (in some cases, advance approval) of changes in ownership or control in order to remain authorized to operate in those states, and participation in grant programs in some states may be interrupted or otherwise affected by a change in ownership or control.

 

As of June 30, 2016, a substantial portion of our outstanding capital stock is owned by a small group of institutional shareholders. We cannot prevent a change of ownership or control that would arise from a transfer of voting stock by any those shareholders.

 

A bankruptcy filing by us or by any of our Title IV institutions, or a closure of one of our Title IV institutions, would lead to an immediate loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

In the event of a bankruptcy filing by DeVry Group, all of our Title IV participating institutions (our “Title IV Institutions”) would lose their eligibility to participate in Title IV programs, pursuant to statutory provisions of the HEA, notwithstanding the automatic stay provisions of federal bankruptcy law, which would make any reorganization difficult to implement. Similarly, in the event of a bankruptcy filing by any of DeVry Group’s subsidiaries that own a Title IV Institution, such institution would lose its eligibility to participate in Title IV programs. In the event of any bankruptcy affecting one or more of our Title IV Institutions, ED could hold our other Title IV Institutions jointly liable for any Title IV program liabilities, whether asserted or unasserted at the time of such bankruptcy, of the institution whose Title IV program eligibility was terminated.

 

Further, in the event that an institution closes and fails to pay liabilities or other amounts owed to ED, ED can attribute the liabilities of that institution to other institutions under common ownership. If any one of our Title IV Institutions were to close or have unpaid ED liabilities, ED could seek to have those liabilities repaid by one of our other Title IV Institutions.

 

Student loan defaults could result in the loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

Our U.S. degree-granting institutions may lose their eligibility to participate in Title IV programs if their student loan default rates are greater than standards set by ED. An educational institution may lose its eligibility to participate in some or all Title IV programs, if, for three consecutive federal fiscal years, 30% or more of its students who were required to begin repaying their student loans in the relevant federal fiscal year default on their payment by the end of the next two federal fiscal years. In addition, an institution may lose its eligibility to participate in some or all Title IV programs if its default rate for a federal fiscal year was greater than 40%. If any of our U.S. degree-granting institutions lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs because of high student loan default rates, it would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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Our schools could lose their eligibility to participate in federal student financial aid programs if the percentage of their revenue derived from those programs were too high.

 

Our U.S. degree-granting institutions may lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs if, on a cash basis, the percentage of the institution’s revenue derived from Title IV programs for two consecutive fiscal years is greater than 90%. If any of our U.S. degree-granting institutions lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs because it is unable to comply with ED’s 90/10 Rule, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Our failure to comply with ED’s credit hour rule could result in sanctions and other liability.

 

In 2009 and 2010, ED’s Office of Inspector General criticized three accreditors, including the Higher Learning Commission, which is the accreditor for Chamberlain and DeVry University, for deficiency in their oversight of institutions’ credit hour allocations. In June 2010 the House Education and Labor Committee held a hearing concerning accrediting agencies’ standards for assessing institutions’ credit hour policies. The 2010 Program Integrity Regulations defined the term “credit hour” for the first time and require accrediting agencies to review the reliability and accuracy of an institution’s credit hour assignments. If an accreditor does not comply with this requirement, its recognition by ED could be jeopardized. If an accreditor identifies systematic or significant noncompliance in one or more of an institution’s programs, the accreditor must notify the Secretary of Education. If ED determines that an institution is out of compliance with the credit hour definition, ED could impose liabilities or other sanctions which could have a material adverse effect on our financial conditions, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

If we fail to maintain any of our state authorizations, we would lose our ability to operate in that state and to participate in Title IV programs there.

 

Institutions that participate in Title IV programs must be authorized to operate by the appropriate postsecondary regulatory authority in each state where the institution is located. Campuses of our U.S. degree-granting institutions are authorized to operate and to grant degrees, diplomas or certificates by the applicable education agency of the state where each such campus is located. We are in a time period where many states are reevaluating and revising their authorization regulations, especially as applied to distance education. The loss of state authorization would, among other things, render the affected school ineligible to participate in Title IV programs at least at those state campus locations and otherwise limit that school’s ability to operate in that state. Loss of authorization in one or more states could increase the likelihood of additional scrutiny and potential loss of operating and/or degree-granting authority in other states in which we operate, which would further impact our business. If these pressures and uncertainty continue in the future, or if one or more of our institutions are unable to offer programs in one or more states, it could have a material adverse impact on our enrollments, revenue, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

Our ability to place our medical schools students in hospitals in the U.S. may be limited by efforts of certain state government regulatory bodies, which may limit the growth potential of our medical schools, put our medical schools at a competitive disadvantage to other medical schools, or force our medical schools to substantially reduce their class sizes.

 

Each of AUC and RUSM enter into affiliation agreements with hospitals across the U.S. to place their third and fourth year students in clinical programs at such hospitals. Certain states with regulatory programs that require state approval of clinical education programs have in recent years precluded, limited or imposed onerous requirements on DeVry Group’s entry into affiliation agreements with hospitals in their states. If these or other states continue to limit access to affiliation arrangements, our medical schools may be at a competitive disadvantage to other medical schools and our medical schools may be required to substantially restrict their enrollments due to limited clinical opportunities for enrolled students. The impact on enrollment, and the potential for enrollment growth, of such restrictions on our medical schools’ clinical placements could have a material adverse effect on our prospects, financial conditions, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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Budget constraints in states that provide state financial aid to our students could reduce the amount of such financial aid that is available to our students, which could reduce our enrollment and adversely affect our 90/10 Rule percentage.

 

Some states are experiencing budget deficits and constraints. Some of these states have reduced or eliminated various student financial assistance programs or established minimum performance measures as a condition of participation, and additional states may do so in the future. If our students who receive this type of assistance cannot secure alternate sources of funding, they may be forced to withdraw, reduce the rate at which they seek to complete their education, or replace the source with more expensive forms of funding such as private loans which will have a negative impact on debt measurements such as the GE disclosures and the cohort default rate. Other students who would otherwise have been eligible for state financial assistance may not be able to enroll without such aid. This reduced funding could decrease our enrollment and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In addition, the reduction or elimination of these non-Title IV sources of student funding may adversely affect our 90/10 measurement.

 

We are subject to sanctions if we fail to calculate accurately and make timely payment of refunds of Title IV program funds for students who withdraw before completing their educational program.

 

The HEA and ED regulations require us to calculate refunds of unearned Title IV program funds disbursed to students who withdraw from their educational program. If refunds are not properly calculated or timely paid, we may be required to post a letter of credit with ED or be subject to sanctions or other adverse actions by ED, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows.

 

A failure of our vendors to comply with applicable regulations in the servicing of our students and institutions could subject us to fines or restrictions on or loss of our ability to participate in Title IV programs, which could have a material adverse effect our enrollment, revenue and results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

We contract with unaffiliated entities for student software systems and services related to the administration of portions of our Title IV and institutional loan programs. Because each of our schools is jointly and severally liable for the actions of third-party servicers and vendors, failure of such servicers to comply with applicable regulations could have a material adverse effect on our schools, including fines and the loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs, which could have a material adverse effect on our enrollment, revenue and results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. If any of the third party servicers discontinue providing such services to us, we may not be able to replace them in a timely, cost-efficient, or effective manner, or at all, and we could lose our ability to comply with collection, lending and Title IV requirements, which could have a material adverse effect our enrollment, revenue and results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

We provide financing programs to assist some of our students in affording our educational offerings. These programs are subject to various federal and state rules and regulations. Failure to comply with these regulations could subject us to fines, penalties, obligations to discharge loans and other injunctive requirements, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

If we, or one of the companies that service our loans, do not comply with laws applicable to the financing programs that assist our students in affording our educational offerings, including Truth in Lending and Fair Debt Collections Practices laws and the Unfair, Deceptive or Abusive Acts or Practices provisions of Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act, we could be subject to fines, penalties, obligations to discharge loans and other injunctive requirements, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate. Additionally, an adverse allegation, finding or outcome in any of these matters could also materially and adversely affect our ability to maintain, obtain or renew licenses, approvals or accreditation and maintain eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or serve as a basis for ED to discharge certain Title IV student loans and seek recovery for some or all of its resulting losses from us, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

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Release of confidential information could subject us to civil penalties or cause us to lose our eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

As an educational institution participating in federal and state student assistance programs and collecting financial receipts from enrollees or their sponsors, we collect and retain certain confidential information. Such information is subject to federal and state privacy and security rules, including the Family Education Right to Privacy Act, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act. Release or failure to secure confidential information or other non-compliance with these rules could subject us to fines, loss of our capacity to conduct electronic commerce and loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.

 

We are subject to sanctions if we fail to accurately and timely report sponsored students’ tuition, fees and enrollments to the sponsoring agency.

 

A significant portion of our enrollment is sponsored through various federal and state supported agencies and programs, including the U. S. Departments of Defense, Labor and Veterans Administration. We are required to periodically report tuition, fees and enrollment to the sponsoring agencies. As a recipient of funds, we are subject to periodic reviews and audits. Inaccurate or untimely reporting could result in suspension or termination of our eligibility to participate in these federal and state programs and have a material adverse impact on enrollments and revenues.

 

DeVry Group’s enrollment may be adversely affected by presentations of data that are not representative of actual educational costs for our prospective students.

 

ED and other public policy organizations are concerned with the escalating costs of higher education and have developed various tools and resources to help students find low-cost educational alternatives. These resources primarily rely on and present data for first-time, full-time residential students, which is not representative of most prospective DeVry Group students. These presentations may influence some prospective students to exclude DeVry Group institutions from their consideration.

 

Restrictions or limitations on the government-supported student loan and scholarship programs in Brazil could have a material and adverse impact on DeVry Brasil’s ability to attract and retain students and execute its plans for organic and inorganic growth, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows.

 

DeVry Brasil students are eligible for loans under Brazil’s FIES public loan program (“Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil” or “Students Financing Fund”), which is financed by the Brazilian government. DeVry Brasil also participates in PROUNI (“Programa Universidade para Todos” or “University for All Program”), a Brazilian governmental program which provides scholarships to a portion of its undergraduate students under certain conditions. As of June 30, 2016, approximately 23% of DeVry Brasil’s students financed their education under the FIES program while approximately 11% have obtained scholarships under the PROUNI program. Without prior notice, during fiscal year 2015, the Brazilian government enacted changes to the FIES regulations limiting student eligibility for FIES funding and extending the government’s time to disburse funding to participating institutions. Restrictions or limitations on the FIES public loan program or student scholarships under PROUNI program, could have a material and adverse impact on DeVry Brasil’s ability to attract and retain students and execute its plans for organic and inorganic growth, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows.

 

Risks Related to DeVry Group’s Business

 

Student enrollment at our schools is affected by legislative, regulatory and economic factors that may change in ways we cannot predict. These factors outside our control limit our ability to assess our future enrollments effectively.

 

DeVry Group’s future revenue and growth depends on a number of factors, including many of the regulatory risks discussed above and business risks discussed above. Carrington and DeVry University have experienced reduced new student enrollments in recent periods. Despite ongoing efforts to provide more scholarships to prospective students, and to increase quality and build our reputation, negative perceptions of the value of a college degree, increased reluctance to take on debt and the resulting lower student consumer confidence may continue to impact enrollment in the future. In addition, technological innovations in the delivery of low-cost education alternatives and increased competition continue to negatively affect enrollments. Until legislative, regulatory, and market uncertainty are resolved, it may be difficult to assess whether and to what extent there is an impact on our long-term revenue and growth prospects.

  

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DeVry Group is subject to risks relating to enrollment of students. If DeVry Group is not able to continue to successfully recruit and retain its students, it will not be able to sustain or grow revenue.

 

DeVry Group’s undergraduate and graduate educational programs are concentrated in selected areas of technology, healthcare, law and business. If applicant career interests shift away from these fields, and we do not anticipate or adequately respond to that trend, future enrollment and revenue may decline.

 

If our graduates are unable to find appropriate employment opportunities, we may not be able to recruit new students.

 

If employment opportunities for DeVry Group graduates in fields related to their educational programs decline, future enrollment and revenue may decline as potential applicants choose to enroll at other educational institutions or providers offering different courses of study.

 

We face heightened competition in the postsecondary education market from both public and private educational institutions, which could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows.

 

Postsecondary education in our existing and new market areas is highly competitive and is becoming increasingly so. We compete with traditional public and private two-year and four-year colleges, other proprietary schools and alternatives to higher education. Some of our competitors, both public and private, have greater financial and nonfinancial resources than we have. Some of our competitors, both public and private, are able to offer programs similar to ours at a lower tuition level for a variety of reasons, including the availability of direct and indirect government subsidies, government and foundation grants, large endowments, tax-deductible contributions and other financial resources not available to proprietary institutions, or by providing fewer student services or larger class sizes. An increasing number of traditional colleges and community colleges are offering distance learning and other online education programs, including programs that are geared towards the needs of working adults. This trend has been accelerated by private companies that provide and/or manage online learning platforms for traditional colleges and community colleges. As the proportion of traditional colleges providing alternative learning modalities increases, we will face increasing competition for students from traditional colleges, including colleges with well-established reputations for excellence. As the online and distance learning segment of the postsecondary education market matures, we believe that the intensity of the competition we face will continue to increase. This intense competition could make it more challenging for us to enroll students who are likely to succeed in our educational programs, which could adversely affect our enrollment levels and student persistence and put downward pressure on our tuition rates, either of which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The personal information that we collect may be vulnerable to breach, theft or loss that could adversely affect our reputation and operations.

 

Possession and use of personal information in our operations subjects us to risks and costs that could harm our business. We collect, use and retain large amounts of personal information regarding our students and their families, including social security numbers, tax return information, personal and family financial data and credit card numbers. We also collect and maintain personal information of our colleagues in the ordinary course of our business. Some of this personal information is held and managed by certain of our vendors. Confidential information also may become available to third parties inadvertently when we integrate or convert computer networks into our network following an acquisition of a school or in connection with upgrades from time to time.

 

Due to the sensitive nature of the information contained on our networks, such as students’ grades, our networks may be targeted by hackers. Anyone who circumvents security measures could misappropriate proprietary information or cause interruptions or malfunctions in our operations. Although we use security and business controls to limit access and use of personal information, a third party may be able to circumvent those security and business controls, which could result in a breach of student or employee privacy. In addition, errors in the storage, use or transmission of personal information could result in a breach of student or employee privacy. Possession and use of personal information in our operations also subjects us to legislative and regulatory burdens that could require notification of data breaches and restrict our use of personal information. We cannot assure that a breach, loss or theft of personal information will not occur. A breach, theft or loss of personal information regarding our students and their families or our employees that is held by us or our vendors could have a material adverse effect on our reputation and results of operations and result in liability under state and federal privacy statutes and legal actions by federal or state authorities and private litigants, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

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A failure in our computer network or information systems could severely impact our ability to serve our existing students and attract new students.

 

The performance and reliability of our computer networks and system applications, especially online educational platforms and student operational and financial aid packaging applications, are critical to our reputation and ability to attract and retain students. System errors and/or failures could adversely impact DeVry Group’s delivery of educational content to its online students. In addition, system errors could result in delays and/or errors in processing student financial aid and related disbursements. There is no assurance that we would be able to enhance/expand our computer networks and system applications to meet increased demand and future information requirements.

 

Government regulations relating to the internet could increase our cost of doing business and affect our ability to grow.

 

The use of the internet and other online services has led to and may lead to further adoption of new laws and regulatory practices in the U.S. or foreign countries and to new interpretations of existing laws and regulations. These new laws and interpretations may relate to issues such as online privacy, copyrights, trademarks and service marks, sales taxes, value-added taxes, withholding taxes, allocation and apportionment of income amongst various state, local and foreign jurisdictions, fair business practices and the requirement that online education institutions qualify to do business as foreign corporations or be licensed in one or more jurisdictions where they have no physical location or other presence. New laws, regulations or interpretations related to doing business over the internet could increase our costs and materially and adversely affect our enrollments, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Natural disasters or other extraordinary events or political disruptions outside the U.S. may cause us to close some of our schools.

 

DeVry Group may experience business interruptions resulting from natural disasters, inclement weather, transit disruptions, political disruptions or other events in one or more of the geographic areas in which it operates, particularly in the West Coast and Gulf States of the U.S., in the Caribbean and in Brazil. These events could cause DeVry Group to close schools — temporarily or permanently — and could affect student recruiting opportunities in those locations, causing enrollment and revenue to decline.

 

DeVry Group’s ability to open new campuses, offer new programs, and add capacity is dependent on regulatory approvals and requires financial and human resources.

 

As part of its strategy, DeVry Group intends to open new campuses, offer new educational programs and add capacity to some existing locations. Such actions require DeVry Group to obtain appropriate federal, state and accrediting agency approvals. In addition, adding new locations, programs and capacity may require significant financial investments and human resource capabilities. The failure to obtain appropriate approvals or not properly allocate financial and human capital would adversely impact DeVry Group’s future growth.

 

DeVry Group’s ability to consolidate and close campuses and reduce programs may be dependent on regulatory approvals and requires financial and human resources.

 

As part of its strategy, DeVry Group may consolidate or close DeVry University campuses, or reduce educational programs at some of its campuses. Such actions may require DeVry Group to obtain appropriate federal, state and accrediting agency approvals. In addition, consolidating locations and programs may require significant financial and human capital investments to teach out current students. The failure to obtain appropriate approvals or not properly allocate financial and human capital would adversely impact DeVry Group’s ability to align its cost structure with enrollment levels.

 

We may not be able to attract, retain and develop key employees necessary for our operations and the successful execution of our strategic plans.

 

DeVry Group may be unable to attract, retain and develop key employees with appropriate educational qualifications and experience. In addition, DeVry Group may be unable to effectively plan and prepare for changes in key employees. Such matters may cause DeVry Group to incur higher wage expense and/or provide less student support and customer service which could adversely affect enrollment, revenue and expense. A significant amount of our compensation for key employees is tied to our financial performance. Recent financial results have resulted in lower compensation payments under our Management Incentive Plan and lower returns on grants under our Long Term Incentive Plan for many of our key employees, which may make it more difficult for DeVry Group to retain such employees. We may require new employees in order to execute some of our strategic plans. Uncertainty regarding our future financial performance may limit our ability to attract new employees with competitive compensation or increase our cost of recruiting and retaining such new employees.

 

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DeVry Group may not be able to successfully identify, pursue or integrate acquisitions.

 

As part of its strategy, DeVry Group is actively considering acquisition opportunities in the U.S. and worldwide. DeVry Group has acquired and expects to acquire additional educational institutions or education related businesses that complement our strategic direction, some of which could be material to our operations. Any acquisition involves significant risks and uncertainties, including:

 

·Inability to successfully integrate the acquired operations into our institutions and maintain uniform standards, controls, policies and procedures;
·Issues not discovered in our due diligence process, including commitments and/or contingencies; and
·Financial commitments, investments in foreign countries, and compliance with debt covenants and ED financial responsibility scores.

 

Proposed changes in, or lapses of, U.S. tax laws regarding earnings from international operations could adversely affect our financial results.

 

Our effective tax rate could be subject to volatility or adversely impacted by changes to federal tax laws governing the taxation of foreign earnings of U.S. based companies. DeVry Group’s effective income tax rate reflects benefits derived from operations outside the U.S. Earnings of DeVry Group’s international operations are not subject to U.S. federal income taxes as described in “Note 11: Income Taxes” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K. If such federal tax laws were changed and some of DeVry Group’s international earnings were subject to federal income tax, or if certain of DeVry Group’s U.S. expenses were not deductible for U.S. income tax purposes, DeVry Group’s effective income tax rate would increase and its earnings and cash flows would be adversely impacted. In addition, DeVry Group has benefitted from the ability to enter into international intercompany arrangements without incurring U.S. taxation due to a law, which expires in fiscal year 2020, deferring U.S. taxation of “foreign personal holding company income” such as foreign income from dividends, interest, rents and royalties. If this law is not extended, or a similar law adopted, our consolidated tax provision, beginning in our fiscal year 2021, would be impacted and we may not be able to allocate international capital optimally without realizing U.S. income taxes, which would increase our effective income tax rate and adversely impact our earnings and cash flows.

 

Changes in effective tax rates or adverse outcomes resulting from examination of our income or other tax returns could adversely affect our results.

 

Our future effective tax rates could be subject to volatility or adversely affected by: earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated earnings in countries where we have higher statutory rates; by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities; by expiration of or lapses in various tax provisions; by tax effects of stock-based compensation; by costs related to intercompany or other restructurings; or by changes in tax rates, laws, regulations, accounting principles, or interpretations thereof. In addition, we are subject to examination of our income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes. Although we have accrued tax and related interest for potential adjustments to tax liabilities for prior years, there can be no assurance that the outcomes from these continuous examinations will not have a material effect, either positive or negative, on our business, financial condition and results of operation.

 

DeVry Group may experience movements in foreign currency exchange rates which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

As DeVry Group expands internationally, DeVry Group will conduct more transactions in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The volume of transactions in the various foreign currencies could continue to increase, thus increasing DeVry Group’s exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The financial position and results of operations of DeVry Group’s investment in DeVry Brasil are measured using the Brazilian Real as the functional currency. Brazilian-based assets constitute a material portion of DeVry Group’s overall assets, and its Brazilian liabilities constitute a material portion of our overall liabilities. Significant devaluations in the Brazilian Real will result in a significant devaluation in relation to the U.S. dollar. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

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Expansion into new international markets will subject DeVry Group to risks inherent in international operations.

 

As part of its strategy, DeVry Group has acquired and intends to acquire or establish additional educational operations outside of the U.S. To the extent that DeVry Group expands internationally, DeVry Group will face risks that are inherent in international operations including:

 

·Compliance with foreign regulatory environments;
·Management of internal operations;
·Currency exchange rate fluctuations;
·Monetary policy risks, such as inflation, hyperinflation and deflation;
·Price controls or restrictions on exchange of foreign currencies;
·Political and economic instability in the countries in which DeVry Group operates;
·Potential unionization of employees under local labor laws;
·Multiple and possibly overlapping and conflicting tax laws;
·Inability to repatriate cash balances; and
·Compliance with U.S. regulations such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

 

DeVry Group’s goodwill and intangible assets could potentially be impaired if our business results and financial condition were materially and adversely impacted by the risks and uncertainties.

 

DeVry Group’s market capitalization can be affected by, among other things, changes in industry or market conditions, changes in results of operations and changes in forecasts or market expectations related to future results. If DeVry Group’s market capitalization remains below its carrying value for a sustained period of time or if such a decline becomes indicative that the fair values of the DeVry Group reporting units have declined below their carrying values, an impairment test may result in a non-cash impairment charge. At June 30, 2016, intangible assets from business combinations totaled $342.9 million, and goodwill totaled $588.0 million. Together, these assets equaled approximately 44% of total assets as of such date. If DeVry Group’s business results and financial condition were materially and adversely impacted, then such goodwill and intangible assets could be impaired, requiring possible write-off of up to $342.9 million of intangible assets and up to $588.0 million of goodwill.

 

ITEM 1B – UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

There are no unresolved SEC staff comments.

 

ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES

 

 Medical and Healthcare

 

American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine

 

AUC’s nine-acre campus is located in the country of St. Maarten. The campus is owned and includes approximately 218,500 square feet of academic, student-life and student residence facilities. In addition to classrooms and auditoriums, educational facilities include a gross anatomy lab, a multi-purpose learning lab, library and learning resource centers, offices, cafeteria, recreational space and student residence facilities. Classrooms and laboratories are furnished with modern audio-visual equipment.

 

Ross University School of Medicine

 

RUSM’s foundations of medicine facilities of approximately 273,000 total square feet are located on an approximately 33-acre campus in the Caribbean country of Dominica, of which approximately 22-acres are occupied under lease and 11 acres are owned. In addition to classrooms and auditoriums, educational facilities include a gross anatomy lab, a multi-purpose learning lab, library and learning resource centers, offices, cafeteria, recreational space and student residence facilities. Classrooms and laboratories are furnished with modern audio-visual equipment.

 

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Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine

 

RUSVM’s pre-clinical instructional facilities of approximately 205,000 total square feet are located on a 50-acre site in St. Kitts which is owned. Educational facilities include an anatomy/clinical building, pathology building, classroom buildings, administration building, bookstore, cafeteria and a library/learning resource center. The library/learning resource center is believed to be the largest electronic learning lab in veterinary medical education. Animal care facilities include kennels, an aviary and livestock barns. Student-life and student residence facilities are also located on the campus. 

 

DeVry Medical International

 

DMI’s administrative office is located in Iselin, New Jersey. In addition, DMI has a clinical and administrative center in Miramar, Florida, which is co-located with Chamberlain and DeVry University, as well as an administrative office in Coral Gables, Florida supporting AUC. These three facilities total approximately 70,000 total square feet.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Chamberlain’s home office is located within DeVry Group’s home office in Downers Grove, Illinois. Chamberlain currently operates 20 campuses, of which 11 are co-located with DeVry University in owned and leased facilities. The others are located in leased facilities. Chamberlain’s total portfolio of academic and administrative operations comprise approximately 791,000 square feet.

 

Carrington College

 

Carrington operates 21 academic sites which includes campuses, satellites and learning centers, six of which are co-located with other DeVry Group institutions. In addition, the parent organization of Carrington leases office space in Phoenix, Arizona and Sacramento, California for its administrative offices and leases one location which houses academic support services. Carrington’s total portfolio of academic and administrative office operations comprise approximately 613,000 square feet.

 

International and Professional Education

 

DeVry Brasil

 

 DeVry Brasil operates 22 academic sites in Brazil. DeVry Brasil’s administrative operations are located within campuses located in Fortaleza and São Paulo as well as in two additional non-campus locations in Salvador and Rio de Janeiro. All these locations comprise approximately 2.54 million total square feet of space, of which approximately 2.02 million square feet are under lease agreements and 519,000 square feet are owned real estate.

 

Becker Professional Education

 

Becker is headquartered within DeVry Group’s home office in Downers Grove, Illinois. In addition to this main administrative center, Becker leases approximately 12,000 square feet of space in Chatsworth, California for staff devoted to curriculum and other development efforts. Becker also leases space in fewer than 10 locations globally for sales and administrative staff.

 

CPA review classes are conducted in leased facilities, fewer than 10 of which are leased on a full-time basis. The remaining classes are conducted in facilities which are leased on an as-needed basis, allowing classes to be added, expanded, relocated or closed as current enrollments require. Becker classes are also offered at several DeVry University locations.

 

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Business, Technology and Management

 

DeVry University

 

DeVry University is headquartered within DeVry Group’s home office in Downers Grove, Illinois. DeVry University academic sites are located in suburban communities or urban neighborhoods. They are easily accessible to major thoroughfares, have available parking areas and many are served by public transportation. Campus includes teaching facilities and administrative offices.

 

As of June 30, 2016, there were 60 DeVry University academic sites in operation. These locations comprised approximately 1.4 million in total square feet, of which, approximately 1.02 million square feet were under lease and approximately 380,000 square feet were owned. DeVry Group plans to consolidate additional DeVry University locations in fiscal year 2017. Consolidations of DeVry University locations may be necessary beyond fiscal year 2017 should enrollments continue to decline.

 

Home Office

 

 DeVry Group’s home office staff is located in two leased facilities in the Chicago suburbs of Downers Grove and Oak Brook, Illinois. DeVry Group leases approximately 254,000 square feet of total office space for these two locations.

 

In addition, DeVry Group leases approximately 55,000 square feet of office space in the Chicago suburb of Addison, Illinois and owns a 108,000 square foot building in the Chicago suburb of Naperville, Illinois. These two sites house DeVry Group’s online operations and student finance administrative staff.

 

DeVry Group’s leased facilities are occupied under leases whose remaining terms range from 1 to 10 years. A majority of these leases contain provisions giving DeVry Group the right to early terminate or renew its lease for additional periods at various rental rates, although generally at rates higher than are currently being paid. DeVry Group’s owned facilities total approximately 1.95 million square feet world-wide. No facility that is owned by DeVry Group is subject to a mortgage or other indebtedness.

 

ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

For a discussion of legal proceedings, see “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

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SUPPLEMENTARY ITEM-EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

The name, age and current position of each executive officer of DeVry Group are:

 

Name, Age and Office   Business Experience
         

Lisa W. Wardell

 

President and Chief Executive Officer, DeVry Education Group

  46   Ms. Wardell joined DeVry Group in May 2016 as President and Chief Executive Officer. Previously, Ms. Wardell served on the DeVry Group Board of Directors since 2008 and also chaired the audit and finance committee. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Ms. Wardell was Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of The RLJ Companies from 2004 through 2016.
         

Robert A. Paul

 

President, DeVry University

  48   Mr. Paul joined DeVry Group in July 2007 as Vice President of Metro Operations at DeVry University. On July 1, 2011, Mr. Paul was promoted to President, Carrington Colleges. On July 1, 2014, Mr. Paul was promoted to President, DeVry University. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Mr. Paul served in a variety of leadership roles at the University of Phoenix from 1993 through 2007.
         

Steven P. Riehs

 

President, Medical, Professional and Online Education

  56   Mr. Riehs joined DeVry Group in 2004 as Vice President and General Manager of all online operations, including enrollment growth, program development and student services. In October 2010, Mr. Riehs was promoted to President, International, K-12 and Professional Education, a new organizational structure within DeVry Group that included DeVry Brasil, Advanced Academics and Becker Professional Education. In April 2013, Mr. Riehs was appointed President of DeVry Medical International. In June 2016, Mr. Riehs assumed leadership responsibility over DeVry Online Services and Carrington. In addition, Mr. Riehs maintains leadership responsibility for DeVry’s Professional institutions.
         

Carlos Degas Filgueiras

 

President, International

  42   Mr. Filgueiras joined the DeVry Group in 2009, as President of DeVry Brasil, upon the acquisition of Fanor, where he had been a partner and President since 2004. In June 2016, Mr. Filgueiras was promoted to President, International to oversee additional international operations, in addition to DeVry Brasil. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Mr. Filgueiras was co-founder and CEO of InterCouriers.
         

John P. Roselli

 

President, Becker Professional Education

  52   Mr. Roselli joined DeVry Group in May 2003 as its Director of Business Development and General Manager of Corporate Continuing Education. In 2006, Mr. Roselli was appointed Vice President, Business Development and Planning. Effective October 1, 2010, Mr. Roselli was promoted to President of Becker Professional Education.

 

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Name, Age and Office   Business Experience
         

Susan L. Groenwald

 

President, Chamberlain College of Nursing

  67   Ms. Groenwald joined DeVry Group in January 2006 as President of Chamberlain College of Nursing. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Ms. Groenwald served as the director of operations for Focused Health Solutions, Inc., a disease management services firm for large self-insured employers.
         

Donna Loraine

 

President, Carrington College

  63   Ms. Loraine joined DeVry Group in 1993. Ms. Loraine held positions of increasing responsibility at DeVry University. Since 2007, Ms. Loraine served as Chief Academic Officer at DeVry University. In May 2016, Ms. Loraine was appointed President of Carrington College.
         

Patrick J. Unzicker

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, DeVry Education Group

  45   Mr. Unzicker joined DeVry Group in March 2006 as its Controller. In March 2012, Mr. Unzicker was appointed Vice President, Finance and Chief Accounting Officer and in March 2015, Mr. Unzicker assumed the Treasurer role. In June 2016, Mr. Unzicker was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and maintains the Treasurer role. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Mr. Unzicker was Vice President — Controller at Whitehall Jewellers, Inc., a mall-based retail jeweler, from July 2003 to March 2006.
         

Lisa M. Sodeika

 

Senior Vice President, External Relations and Regulatory Affairs, DeVry Education Group

  52   Ms. Sodeika joined DeVry Group in March 2015 as Senior Vice President, External Relations and Regulatory Affairs. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Ms. Sodeika served as Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs at HSBC North America Holdings, Inc.
         

Gregory S. Davis

 

Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary, DeVry Education Group

  54   Mr. Davis joined DeVry Group in July 2007 as Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Mr. Davis was Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of LaPetite Academy, Inc., from 2003 to 2007, which operated nearly 650 schools offering education and care to children ages 6 months to 12 years.
         

Donna N. Jennings

 

Senior Vice President, Human Resources, DeVry Education Group

  54   Ms. Jennings joined DeVry Group in October 2006 as Senior Vice President of Human Resources. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Ms. Jennings was Vice President, Human Resources and Communications, of Velsicol Chemical Corporation, a global chemical products manufacturer, from 1994 to 2006.
         

Eric P. Dirst

 

President, DeVry Online Services

  49   Mr. Dirst joined DeVry Group in May 2008 as Vice President and Chief Information Officer. On May, 1 2013, Mr. Dirst was promoted to President of DeVry Online Services. Prior to joining the DeVry Group, Mr. Dirst was the Chief Information Officer at SIRVA, a relocation and moving service provider, from 2001 to 2008.

 

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Name, Age and Office   Business Experience
         

Christopher C. Nash

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer, DeVry Education Group

  49   Mr. Nash joined DeVry Group in 2010 as Chief Technology Officer and was promoted to Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer in 2013. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Mr. Nash was Chief Technology Officer at Millward Brown Group, a global market research organization and division of Kantar Group. Previously, Mr. Nash held technical leadership roles at Kraft Foods, Inc., Greenbrier & Russel, and Rand McNally.
         

Kathleen Carroll

 

Vice President, Controller, DeVry Education Group

  57   Ms. Carroll joined DeVry Group in 2014 as Controller and was promoted to Vice President, Controller in July, 2016. Prior to joining DeVry Group, Ms. Carroll served in a number of finance leadership roles for PepsiCo Beverages and Foods (formerly The Quaker Oats Company), most recently as Vice President, Finance for PepsiCo’s U.S. Foods division.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

DeVry Group’s common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange under the symbol “DV.” The stock transfer agent and registrar is Computershare Investor Services, L.L.C.

 

The following table sets forth the high and low sales price and dividends paid per share of common stock by quarter for the past two years.

 

   Fiscal Year 2016   Fiscal Year 2015 
   Dividends           Dividends         
   Paid   High   Low   Paid   High   Low 
First Quarter  $-   $32.18   $24.00   $-   $44.89   $38.36 
Second Quarter   0.18    29.88    22.29    0.18    49.61    40.77 
Third Quarter   -    25.16    15.81    -    47.63    32.87 
Fourth Quarter   0.18    20.44    15.36    0.18    37.79    29.32 

 

Approximate Number of Security Holders

 

There were 472 holders of record of DeVry Group’s common stock as of August 1, 2016. The number of holders of record does not include beneficial owners of its securities whose shares are held by various brokerage firms, other financial institutions, DeVry Group’s 401(k) and profit sharing plan and its Colleague Stock Purchase Plan. DeVry Group believes that there are more than 10,000 beneficial holders of its common stock including colleagues who own stock through the exercise of stock options, who own stock through participation in the Colleague Stock Purchase Plan or who own stock through their investment election in DeVry Group’s 401(k) and profit sharing plan.

 

Dividends

 

DeVry Group is dependent on the earnings of its subsidiaries for funds to pay cash dividends. Cash flow from DeVry Group’s subsidiaries may be restricted by law. Cash flow is also subject to some restrictions by covenants in DeVry Group’s debt agreement, including maintaining fixed charge coverage and leverage at or above specified levels. DeVry Group generated sufficient cash flow in fiscal year 2016 to fund its current operations, reinvest in capital equipment as appropriate and remain in full compliance with the covenants in its debt agreement. The DeVry Group Board of Directors declared annual dividends of $0.36 per share, payable semi-annually in each of fiscal years 2016 and 2015. The latest dividend of $0.18 per share was declared in May 2016 and paid in June 2016. DeVry Group's Board of Directors has stated its intent to declare dividends on a semi-annual basis, resulting in an annual dividend rate of $0.36 per share. There is no guarantee that dividends will be declared in the future, and payment of dividends will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will be dependent on projections of future earnings, cash flow, financial requirements of DeVry Group and other factors as the Board of Directors deems relevant. See “Note 7: Dividends and Stock Repurchase Programs” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for historical dividend declaration information.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities - None

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

See “Item 12 – Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management Related Stockholder Matters” in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

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Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Period  Total Number of
Shares Purchased
   Average Price Paid
per Share
   Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publically Announced
Plans or Programs (1)
   Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs (1)
 
April 2016   157,246   $17.23    558,058   $89,422,969 
May 2016   146,020   $18.55    704,078   $86,714,164 
June 2016   165,224   $17.18    869,302   $83,876,343 
Total   468,490   $17.62    869,302   $83,876,343 

 

(1) On December 15, 2015, the Board of Directors of DeVry Group authorized a share repurchase program to buy back up to $100 million of DeVry Group common stock through December 31, 2017. The total remaining authorization under this share repurchase program was $83,876,343 as of June 30, 2016.

 

Other Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Period  Total Number of
Shares Purchased (1)
   Average Price Paid
per Share
   Total Number of Shares
Purchased as part of
Publically Announced
Plans or Programs
  Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that May
yet be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
April 2016   -   $-   NA  NA
May 2016   2,624   $19.13   NA  NA
June 2016   15,705   $17.37   NA  NA
Total   18,329   $17.62   NA  NA

 

(1) Represents shares delivered back to DeVry Group for payment of withholding taxes from employees for vesting restricted stock units and shares swapped for payment on exercise of incentive stock options pursuant to the terms of DeVry Group's incentive plans.

 

Performance Graph

 

The following graph and chart compare the total cumulative return (assuming dividend reinvestment) on DeVry Group’s common stock during the period from June 30, 2011, through June 30, 2016, with the cumulative return on the NYSE Stock Market Index (U.S. Companies) and an industry group index.

 

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COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN SINCE JUNE 30, 2011

AMONG DEVRY GROUP, NYSE MARKET INDEX, AND INDUSTRY GROUP INDEX

 

 

   June 30
   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016 
DeVry Group   100.0    52.9    53.6    73.9    52.8    32.0 
NYSE Market Index – U.S. Companies   100.0    96.5    115.9    143.2    144.4    144.2 
Industry Group Index (1)   100.0    78.8    48.8    67.3    43.8    39.2 

 

Data for this graph were provided by Zacks Investment Research.

 

Assumes $100 was invested on June 30, 2011 in DeVry Education Group common stock, the NYSE Stock Market Index (U.S. Companies) and the Industry Group, and that all dividends were reinvested.

 

(1) The Industry Group consists of the following companies selected on the basis of similarity in nature of their businesses: Apollo Education Group, Inc., Bridgepoint Education, Inc., Capella Education Co., Career Education Corp., Grand Canyon Education, Inc., ITT Educational Services, Inc., Lincoln Educational Services, Strayer Education, Inc., and Universal Technical Institute, Inc. DeVry Group believes that, including itself, these companies represent the majority of the market value of publicly traded companies whose primary business is education.

 

ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Selected financial data for DeVry Group for the last five years are included in the exhibit, “Five-Year Summary — Operating, Financial and Other Data,” on page 141 of this Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 7 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of DeVry Education Group’s (“DeVry Group”) results of operations and financial condition should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.

 

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The seasonal pattern of DeVry Group’s enrollments and its educational program starting dates affect the results of operations and the timing of cash flows. Therefore, management believes that comparisons of its results of operations should primarily be made to the corresponding period in the preceding year. Comparisons of financial position should be made to both the end of the previous fiscal year and to the end of the corresponding quarterly period in the preceding year.

 

OVERVIEW

 

DeVry Group’s financial results for the fiscal year 2016 reflect continued revenue decline within DeVry University, which resulted in decreased earnings from continuing operations as compared to the prior fiscal year. This decline was partially offset by continued growth from the Medical and Healthcare and International and Professional Education segments. Operational and financial highlights for the fiscal year include:

 

·DeVry Group continued its diversification strategy by completing two acquisitions in Brazil, Grupo Ibmec Educacional S.A. (“Grupo Ibmec”) and Faculdade de Imperatriz (“Facimp”). These acquisitions continue the process of expanding DeVry Brasil’s presence in the country as well as expanding DeVry Brasil’s programmatic offerings.

 

·DeVry Brasil revenue grew by approximately 51% in fiscal year 2016 compared to the prior year, excluding the effect of the decline in value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar. About 20% of this increase was from organic enrollment growth and program expansion at existing institutions with the remaining 80% resulting from acquisitions.

 

·Chamberlain College of Nursing (“Chamberlain”) revenue grew by 20.5% in fiscal year 2016 compared to the prior year. Chamberlain continues to invest in its programs, student services and campus locations. Chamberlain began offering nursing programs at its new campuses in Irving, Texas in September 2015, Charlotte, North Carolina in January 2016 and Sacramento, California in May 2016.

 

·For the May 2016 session, total student enrollments at Chamberlain increased 18.9% to 27,406 students as compared to the same term last fiscal year. For fiscal year 2016, total new student enrollments increased 17.1% as compared to fiscal year 2015.

 

·The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) released its 2015 Elijah Watt Sells Award winners, honoring the candidates with the highest scores on the CPA exam. Over 90% of the recipients prepared for the exam using Becker Professional Education’s (“Becker”) industry-leading CPA review materials.

 

·DeVry Group completed the sale of the DeVry University Kansas City, Missouri campus. Proceeds from the sale were $5.8 million, which resulted in a pre-tax gain of $3.2 million. Also, DeVry Group completed the sale of the DeVry University Fremont, California, campus and student housing facility. Proceeds from the sale were $24.8 million, which resulted in a pre-tax gain of $3.8 million.

 

·DeVry Group recorded pre-tax restructuring charges of $74.2 million. These restructuring actions were taken primarily at DeVry University, Carrington College (“Carrington”) and the DeVry Group home office to align our cost structure with enrollments. For the full year, DeVry University reduced expense by $181.1 million. We expect to incur additional restructuring charges in fiscal year 2017 as we continue to right-size operations at both DeVry University and Carrington to better align with current enrollment levels.

 

·During the second and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2016, management recorded non-cash, pre-tax impairment charges totaling $147.7 million related to the write-down of identified intangible assets and goodwill at Carrington.

 

·DeVry Group continued its ninth share repurchase program by repurchasing a total of 468,490 shares of its common stock at an average cost of $17.62 per share during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016. The DeVry Group Board of Directors approved the ninth share repurchase program in December 2015 authorizing DeVry Group to repurchase up to $100 million of its common stock through December 31, 2017.

 

·DeVry Group’s financial position remained strong, generating $231.6 million of operating cash flow during fiscal year 2016. As of June 30, 2016, cash and cash equivalents totaled $308.2 million and there were no outstanding borrowings.

 

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USE OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND SUPPLEMENTAL RECONCILIATION SCHEDULE

 

DeVry Group recorded restructuring expense related to workforce reductions and real estate consolidations to align its cost structure with enrollments at the Medical and Healthcare segment, the Business, Technology and Management segment and the DeVry Group home office in fiscal years 2016, 2015 and 2014. During fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group recorded impairment charges related to its Carrington reporting unit. During fiscal years 2016 and 2015, DeVry Group also recorded asset impairment charges at the International and Professional Education segment related to write-downs of intangible and other assets at Becker Europe. In fiscal years 2016 and 2014, DeVry Group recorded gains from the sales of DeVry University campuses. Additionally, in fiscal years 2015 and 2014, DeVry Group recorded the operating results of its Advanced Academics Inc. reporting unit as discontinued operations. The fiscal year 2015 income from discontinued operations was a tax benefit adjustment related to the correction of an error to properly record the income tax benefit on an impairment charge taken in the first quarter of fiscal year 2014.

 

The following table illustrates the effects of the restructuring expense, asset impairment charges, gain on sale of assets and discontinued operations on DeVry Group’s earnings. Management believes that the non-GAAP disclosure of net income and earnings per share excluding these items provides investors with useful supplemental information regarding the underlying business trends and performance of DeVry Group’s ongoing operations and is useful for period-over-period comparisons of such operations given the discrete nature of the restructuring expense, impairment charges, gain on the sale of assets and discontinued operations. DeVry Group uses these supplemental financial measures internally in its management and budgeting process. However, these non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as a substitute for, DeVry Group’s reported results prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). The following table reconciles these non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP information (in thousands, except per share data):

 

   Fiscal Year 
   2016   2015   2014 
Net (Loss) Income  $(3,166)  $139,899   $134,032 
(Loss) Earnings per Share (basic-2016, diluted-2015 and 2014)  $(0.05)  $2.14   $2.07 
Discontinued Operations  $-   $(4,565)  $18,802 
Effect on Earnings per Share (diluted)  $-   $(0.07)  $0.29 
Restructuring Expense  $74,225   $42,913   $32,715 
Effect on Earnings per Share (diluted)  $1.15   $0.66   $0.50 
Asset Impairment Charge  $147,660   $1,780   $- 
Effect on Earnings per Share (diluted)  $2.30   $0.03   $- 
Gain on Sale of Assets  $(7,032)  $-   $(1,918)
Effect on Earnings per Share (diluted)  $(0.11)  $-   $(0.03)
Income Tax Impact on Non-GAAP Adjustments (1)  $(56,432)  $(17,599)  $(13,649)
Effect on Earnings per Share (diluted)  $(0.88)  $(0.27)  $(0.21)
Net Income from Continuing Operations Excluding Restructuring Expense, Asset Impairment Charge and Gain on Sale of Assets, net of tax  $155,255   $162,428   $169,982 
Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations Excluding Restructuring Expense, Asset Impairment Charge and Gain on Sale of Assets, net of tax (diluted)  $2.41   $2.49   $2.62 
Shares used in EPS calculation               
Basic   64,036    NA    NA 
Diluted   64,371    65,277    64,853 

 

(1)Income tax impact of non-GAAP adjustments represents the adjustment needed to reflect tax expense on an estimated annual effective tax rate basis in non-GAAP net income from continuing operations for the relevant period.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following table presents information with respect to the relative size to revenue of each item in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) for the current and prior two fiscal years. Percentages may not add because of rounding.

 

   Fiscal Year 
   2016   2015   2014 
Revenue   100.0%   100.0%   100.0%
Cost of Educational Services   53.5%   52.4%   51.1%
Student Services and Administrative Expense   35.5%   37.1%   37.8%
Restructuring Expense   4.0%   2.2%   1.7%
Asset Impairment Charge   8.0%   0.1%   0.0%
Gain on Sale of Assets   (0.4)%   0.0%   (0.1)%
Total Operating Cost and Expense   100.7%   91.8%   90.6%
Operating (Loss) Income from Continuing Operations   (0.7)%   8.2%   9.4%
Net Interest Expense   (0.3)%   (0.2)%   (0.1)%
(Loss) Income From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes   (0.9)%   8.0%   9.3%
Income Tax Benefit (Provision)   0.8%   (1.0)%   (1.4)%
(Loss) Income From Continuing Operations   (0.1)%   7.1%   7.9%
Income (Loss) on Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax   0.0%   0.3%   (0.9)%
Net (Loss) Income   (0.1)%   7.4%   7.0%
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest   0.0%   0.0%   0.0%
Net (Loss) Income Attributable to DeVry Education Group   (0.2)%   7.3%   7.0%

 

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2016 VS. FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2015

 

All discussions of the results of operations exclude the results of Advanced Academics, Inc. (“AAI”) which are included in the discontinued operations section of the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) for all periods presented.

 

REVENUE

 

Total consolidated revenue for fiscal year 2016 of $1,843.5 million decreased $66.4 million, or 3.5%, as compared to fiscal year 2015. Excluding the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar, total consolidated revenue decreased approximately 1.2%, as compared to fiscal year 2015. Revenue decreased 23.0% within the Business, Technology and Management segment primarily as a result of a decline in student enrollment. In addition, revenue at Carrington, which is included in the Medical and Healthcare segment, decreased 3.8% compared to fiscal year 2015, primarily driven by a decline in student enrollments. Partially offsetting these revenue declines was a 20.5% increase in revenue at Chamberlain, which is included in the Medical and Healthcare segment, primarily driven by growth in total student enrollment. Also, revenue at DeVry Brasil, which is included in the International and Professional Education segment, rose 23.2% as a result of both organic growth and acquisitions. Revenue at DeVry Medical International (“DMI”), which is included in the Medical and Healthcare segment, and Becker, which is included in the International and Professional Education segment, increased 2.5% and 3.3%, respectively, from fiscal year 2015.

 

Management expects that total revenue will increase about one to two percent in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017, as compared to the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, which is expected to be driven by continued growth in the International and Professional Education and Medical and Healthcare segments and to be partially offset by continuing revenue declines at DeVry University.

 

For full fiscal year 2017, management expects revenue to approximate that of fiscal year 2016 and earnings, before special items, to increase in the mid-single digits over the prior year.

 

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Medical and Healthcare

 

Medical and Healthcare segment revenue increased 8.9% to $936.3 million in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. Higher total student enrollment at Chamberlain was the key driver of revenue growth. Key trends for DMI, Chamberlain and Carrington are set forth below. See the discussion following enrollment information for explanation of the trends.

 

DeVry Medical International

 

DeVry Medical International Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  Sept. 2015   Jan. 2016   May 2016   Sept. 2014   Jan. 2015   May 2015 
New Students   991    518    535    842    560    617 
% Change from Prior Year   17.7%   (7.5)%   (13.3)%   (13.9)%   (3.8)%   11.2%
Total Students   6,546    6,374    5,850    6,406    6,146    5,978 
% Change from Prior Year   2.2%   3.7%   (2.1)%   (0.8)%   (7.9)%   0.9%

 

DMI revenue increased 2.5% in fiscal year 2016 compared to the prior year, driven primarily by tuition price increases. Although retention improved, new student enrollment declined in the last two semesters of fiscal year 2016 compared to the prior year and total student enrollment declined in the May semester from the prior year as well. The new student enrollment declines were primarily the result of increased competition. Management is reviewing alternatives for differentiating DMI from the competition and improving the effectiveness of marketing strategies, including shifting from traditional media and event-driven marketing to greater use of digital and social media channels to drive awareness throughout the year.

 

Management believes the demand for medical education remains strong and can support management’s longer term growth expectations to grow new enrollments in the low-single digit range; however, heightened competition may adversely affect DMI’s ability to continue to attract qualified students to its programs.

 

Tuition Rates:

 

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2015, tuition and fees for the basic sciences and clinical rotation portions of American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine’s (“AUC”) medical program were $20,250 and $22,650, respectively, per semester. These tuition rates represent an increase from the September 2014 rates of approximately 3%.

 

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2015, tuition and fees for the basic sciences portion of the programs at Ross University School of Medicine (“RUSM”) were $20,580 per semester. Tuition and fees for the clinical portion of the program were $22,710 per semester. These tuition rates represent an increase from the September 2014 rates of approximately 4%.

 

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2015, tuition and fees for the basic sciences portion of the programs at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (“RUSVM”) were $18,310 per semester. Tuition and fees for the clinical portion of the program were $22,985 per semester. These tuition rates represent an increase from the September 2014 rates of approximately 3%.

 

·The respective tuition rates for AUC, RUSM and RUSVM do not include the cost of transportation, living expenses and health insurance.

 

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Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing Undergraduate and Graduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016 
Term  July 2015   Sept. 2015   Nov. 2015   Jan. 2016   Mar. 2016   May 2016 
New Students   2,180    4,942    2,577    4,316    2,429    3,635 
% Change from Prior Year   5.5%   27.9%   20.6%   16.6%   12.1%   13.4%
Total Students   21,760    25,802    25,654    27,938    27,694    27,406 
% Change from Prior Year   23.6%   23.3%   23.3%   21.2%   19.8%   18.9%

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
New Students   2,066    3,864    2,137    3,702    2,166    3,205 
% Change from Prior Year   60.8%   14.3%   9.5%   5.7%   3.5%   2.0%
Total Students   17,603    20,920    20,807    23,055    23,108    23,044 
% Change from Prior Year   39.2%   33.3%   32.3%   27.1%   27.1%   21.7%

 

Continued demand for nurses positively influenced career decisions of new students towards this field of study. The historical trend of increases in new student enrollments is attributable to increased demand for Chamberlain’s pre-licensure Bachelor of Science in Nursing (“BSN”), Registered Nurse to Bachelor of Science in Nursing (“RN-to-BSN”) online degree option, Master of Science in Nursing (“MSN”) and Doctor of Nursing Practice (“DNP”) degree programs, the addition of several new campus locations, campus expansion and organic growth at existing locations.

 

Three new campuses were opened in fiscal year 2016, and four campuses opened in fiscal year 2015. There are currently 20 campuses operating in 14 states. During fiscal year 2017, three new Chamberlain campuses are under construction which, pending regulatory approval, will begin offering classes in fiscal year 2018. Chamberlain will focus on further strengthening programs and resources in a competitive environment. Management believes Chamberlain remains well-positioned to support demand for nursing well into the future.

 

Tuition Rates:

 

·Effective for sessions beginning in July 2015, tuition is $665 per credit hour for students enrolling one to six credit hours per session in the BSN and Licensed Practical Nurse to Registered Nurse (“LPN-to-RN”) programs. This rate is unchanged as compared to the prior year. Tuition is $400 per credit hour per session for each credit hour in excess of six credit hours. This excess credit hour rate represents a $100 increase as compared to the prior year. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation and living expenses.

 

·Effective for sessions beginning in July 2015, tuition is $590 per credit hour for students enrolled in the Chamberlain RN-to-BSN online degree option. This tuition rate is unchanged from the July 2014 tuition rate. Tuition for students enrolled in the online MSN program is $650 per credit hour, which is unchanged from the prior year. The online DNP program was offered at $750 per credit hour. This tuition rate is unchanged from the July 2014 tuition rate.

 

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 Carrington College

 

Carrington College Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016 
Term  Sept. 2015   Dec. 2015   Mar. 2016   June 2016   Total 
New Students   2,584    1,858    2,058    1,681    8,181 
% Change from Prior Year   (1.5)%   (4.8)%   (5.9)%   (39.3)%   (14.2)%
Total Students   7,560    7,211    7,181    6,466      
% Change from Prior Year   (1.0)%   (3.1)%   (6.0)%   (13.9)%     

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  Sept. 2014   Dec. 2014   Mar. 2015   June 2015   Total 
New Students   2,623    1,951    2,187    2,771    9,532 
% Change from Prior Year   (4.0)%   14.4%   (2.7)%   56.9%   12.8%
Total Students   7,634    7,444    7,639    7,508      
% Change from Prior Year   (0.9)%   1.2%   (1.5)%   2.1%     

 

New student enrollment as of June 2016 compared to the prior year, was negatively impacted by two intake sessions in the quarter compared to three intake sessions in the same quarter in the prior fiscal year. Combined new student enrollment over the 12 month period ended June 30, 2016 decreased 14.2% and average total enrollment decreased 6.0% compared to the year-ago 12 month period. Enrollment declines are the result of increased competition. To improve enrollment results, management is focused on bringing relevant programs to serve areas of the workforce where supply and demand imbalances exist.

 

Tuition rates:

 

·On a per credit hour basis, tuition for Carrington programs ranged from $302 per credit hour to $1,684 per credit hour, with the wide range due to the nature of the programs. General education courses were charged at $335 to $371 per credit hour. Students were charged a non-refundable registration fee of $100, and they were also charged separately for books and program-specific supplies and/or testing. A student services fee ranging from $75 to $150, depending on the program, was charged as well. Total program tuition ranged from approximately $12,000 to $15,000 for most certificate programs up to approximately $60,000 for a few advanced programs.

 

International and Professional Education

 

International and Professional Education segment revenue rose 15.5% to $299.0 million in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. DeVry Brasil was the driver of revenue growth in this segment. Revenue at DeVry Brasil increased 23.2% in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. The decline in value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar reduced reported revenue for the fiscal year by approximately $44 million. Without this currency effect, revenue at DeVry Brasil would have risen approximately 51% in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. In addition to 11% revenue growth within existing institutions, the recent acquisitions of Grupo Ibmec and Facimp, which were acquired during fiscal year 2016, as well as the full year effect of fiscal year 2015 acquisitions, contributed revenue growth of 40%. In addition, revenue at Becker increased by 3.3% compared to the prior year, which was driven by an increase in the number of CPA exam review students along with growth at Becker Healthcare. Key enrollment trends for DeVry Brasil are set forth below.

 

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DeVry Brasil Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  Sept. 2015   Mar. 2016   Sept. 2014   Mar. 2015 
New Students   14,399    24,768    5,217    19,589 
% Change over Prior Year   176.0%   26.4%   37.8%   121.5%
Total Students   57,819    79,280    33,591    58,724 
% Change over Prior Year   72.1%   35.0%   14.5%   77.9%

 

The number of new students reported in the March 2015 semester has been revised to 19,589 students versus 18,173 students as previously reported. Several DeVry Brasil institutions improved their data collection methods to more accurately count students. This error had no effect on reported revenue or results of operations.

 

These enrollment figures include students enrolled in degree-granting programs and exclude students enrolled in the test preparation programs at Damasio. The acquisition of Grupo Ibmec, which occurred in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, added 4,364 new student enrollments and 16,348 total student enrollments to the March 2016 semester totals. Excluding the effect of this recent acquisition, new enrollment increased 4.2% and total enrollment increased 7.2% in the March 2016 semester compared to the year-ago semester.

 

As of the September 2015 semester, DeVry Brasil enrolled 233 new students and 1,362 total students in Pronatec, a federal government-sponsored certificate program that aims to increase the number of technical and vocational students in Brazil. These students are not included in the reported enrollment figures for the semester.

 

DeVry Brasil’s institutions and program offerings are subject to regulation by Brazil’s Ministry of Education (“MEC”) which may impose limits on the number of students who can be enrolled in its programs. Previous restrictions at Faculdade Área1 (“ÁREA1”) were removed in September 2015. There are currently no restrictions on any DeVry Brasil institution or program.

 

DeVry Brasil students are eligible for loans under Brazil’s “Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil” or “Students Financing Fund” (“FIES”) public loan program, which is financed by the Brazilian government. As of June 30, 2016, approximately 31% of DeVry Brasil’s degree-seeking students have obtained financing under the FIES program. This represents approximately 29% of DeVry Brasil’s revenue. The Brazilian government has stated that it is supportive of the FIES program, which is important to helping to increase the number of college graduates. However, changes enacted in calendar year 2015 to the FIES regulations have added restrictions limiting student eligibility for FIES funding and extended the government’s time to pay participating institutions. These changes include reducing the number of new FIES contracts, decreasing the monthly maximum family income limits that students’ families must not exceed in order to qualify for a FIES loan and adding minimum required entrance test scores in order to qualify for a FIES loan. In addition, the Brazilian government reduced the frequency of payments to participating institutions and increased the annual interest rate borrowers are charged from 3.4% to 6.5%. In 2016, the MEC increased the maximum family income limit that students´ families must not exceed to qualify for loans from 2.5 to 3 times the minimum wage.

 

DeVry Brasil institutions have increased efforts to attract more non-FIES students in order to reduce dependency on this program. Also, DeVry Brasil is working with private lenders to increase funding sources for prospective students. Management believes DeVry Brasil institutions offer programs of study and operate in areas of the country that the Brazilian government favors in issuing FIES loans. However, the changes in the FIES program have impacted DeVry Brasil’s growth due to fewer students qualifying for the FIES program.

 

Brazil’s economy continues to present challenges to growth as well as create pricing pressures in the education sector. DeVry Brasil’s new student enrollment has been negatively impacted by these conditions as well as the changes to the FIES program. Should economic conditions continue to weaken and additional austerity measures be instituted by the Brazilian government, DeVry Brasil’s ability to grow its student enrollment may be further impacted.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

Revenue in the Business, Technology and Management segment, which is composed solely of DeVry University, decreased 23.0% to $611.1 million in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year as a result of a decline in student enrollment as DeVry University repositions itself to stabilize enrollment. Enrollment declines are expected to continue through fiscal year 2017, which will result in lower revenue. Key trends in enrollment and tuition pricing are set forth below.

 

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DeVry University Undergraduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016 
Term  July 2015   Sept. 2015   Nov. 2015   Jan. 2016   Mar. 2016   May 2016 
New Students   4,000    4,006    2,883    3,036    2,970    2,982 
% Change over Prior Year   (18.6)%   (24.0)%   (31.4)%   (29.1)%   (28.5)%   (21.9)%
Total Students   31,293    31,843    30,132    29,313    28,069    26,492 
% Change over Prior Year   (15.9)%   (20.1)%   (21.2)%   (22.7)%   (22.4)%   (23.3)%

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
New Students   4,915    5,268    4,201    4,282    4,156    3,817 
% Change over Prior Year   (13.4)%   (20.0)%   (12.9)%   (12.8)%   (17.2)%   (13.0)%
Total Students   37,210    39,857    38,235    37,922    36,188    34,524 
% Change over Prior Year   (12.2)%   (15.1)%   (12.6)%   (15.9)%   (15.0)%   (17.8)%

 

DeVry University Graduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2016 
Term  July 2015   Sept. 2015   Nov. 2015   Jan. 2016   Mar. 2016   May 2016 
Total Coursetakers   12,084    12,937    12,463    12,368    11,699    10,810 
% Change from Prior Year   (12.7)%   (16.7)%   (17.7)%   (18.1)%   (20.1)%   (21.7)%

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
Total Coursetakers   13,845    15,532    15,136    15,108    14,651    13,798 
% Change from Prior Year   (14.0)%   (13.4)%   (9.8)%   (12.8)%   (9.5)%   (13.0)%

 

The term “coursetaker” refers to the number of courses taken by a student. Thus, one student taking two courses is counted as two coursetakers.

 

Management believes the decreases in undergraduate and graduate enrollment have been due to lower demand from DeVry University’s target student segment driven by heightened competition from both public and private-sector education providers and the availability of lower cost degrees. This has resulted in a reduction in interest from potential students. Management believes heightened competition at the local level has increased, as colleges have started targeting adult students to a much greater extent. In addition, public-sector and independent colleges are taking share from national competitors. Pricing pressure is increasing, and while students appear willing to pay a higher price for private independent colleges, DeVry University is more expensive than many of its public and private-sector competitors.

 

To address the issue of declining enrollment, DeVry University is focused on implementing management’s transformation strategy which includes both near-term actions to stabilize enrollments and sustain positive economics and longer-term investments to increase competitiveness and differentiation. Over the long-term, management’s goal is to transform DeVry University by improving the student experience and programs, addressing affordability and improving awareness of the university’s programs. Management expects to accomplish this with strategic use of marketing, launching new, flexible programs, creating shorter programs, creating certificate programs, deploying a new student-centric scheduling system, optimizing the pricing structure and the use of scholarships, and increasing focus on corporate relationships.

 

In aligning the cost structure, management is focused on increasing efficiencies. Over the past several years, DeVry University has reduced costs through staffing adjustments, management structure adjustments, managing open positions, consolidating locations, managing advertising expenditures, optimizing course scheduling to better utilize classrooms and simplifying program offerings. Management made the decision to close or consolidate certain DeVry University campuses while balancing the potential impact on enrollment and student satisfaction. Since the beginning of fiscal year 2014, DeVry University has closed 39 campus locations and completed several campus size reductions. As of the commencement of the July 2016 session, DeVry University operates 60 campus locations. Management believes that additional consolidations and closures of DeVry University locations are likely to occur in fiscal year 2017.

 

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Tuition rates:

 

·For the past several years, DeVry University has frozen both undergraduate and graduate tuition. Beginning in July 2014, the number of credit hours a student must take per session to receive the full-time rate was increased from seven to eight credit hours.

 

·For fiscal year 2016, DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate tuition is $609 per credit hour. DeVry University’s certificate program tuition is $450 per credit hour. These per credit hour rates are often higher than students are actually charged due to the use of scholarships and discounting. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation and living expenses.

 

·Keller program tuition per course is $2,298, which is unchanged from the prior year.

 

·Any tuition rate increases after July 2015 will apply only to newly enrolled students. Existing students will pay the tuition they were paying at the time DeVry University adopted its Fixed Tuition Promise or, if later, at the time of their enrollment. To remain eligible for the Fixed Tuition Promise students may not miss more than five sessions.

 

COSTS AND EXPENSES

 

Cost of Educational Services

 

The largest component of Cost of Educational Services is the cost of faculty and staff who support educational operations. This expense category also includes the costs of facilities, adjunct faculty, supplies, course and other educational materials, student education-related support activities and the provision for uncollectible student accounts.

 

DeVry Group’s Cost of Educational Services decreased 1.3%, or $13.3 million, to $986.8 million during fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. This decrease is the result of cost reduction measures at DeVry University and the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the year-ago period. These reductions were partially offset by increased costs that were incurred to support a higher number of total student enrollments for Chamberlain and DeVry Brasil as compared to the prior year and academic quality investments at DMI. Cost of Educational Services within DeVry University decreased by 22.1%, or $90.5 million, in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. The costs at DeVry Brasil for fiscal year 2016 increased 28.5%, or $30.5 million, and include the expenses of Grupo Ibmec and Facimp which were acquired in fiscal year 2016, as well as the full-year effect of the fiscal year 2015 acquisitions (combined effect of $49.4 million increase in Cost of Educational Services). These increases as well as increases to support the existing businesses were partially offset by the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the year-ago period (effect is a decrease to Cost of Educational Services of $31.0 million for fiscal year 2016).

 

As a percentage of revenue, Cost of Educational Services increased to 53.5% in fiscal year 2016 from 52.4% in the prior year. The increase was primarily the result of costs that were incurred for Chamberlain’s new campuses, DeVry Brasil’s expansion and decreased operating leverage within Carrington.

 

Student Services and Administrative Expense

 

This expense category includes student admissions, marketing and advertising costs, general and administrative costs, expenses associated with curriculum development and the amortization expense of finite-lived intangible assets related to acquisitions of businesses.

 

Student Services and Administrative Expense decreased 7.7%, or $54.2 million, to $654.0 million during fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily the result of cost reduction measures and the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the year-ago period. Over the past several years, DeVry Group has reduced costs through staffing adjustments primarily at DeVry University where Student Services and Administrative Expense decreased by 24.5%, or $90.7 million. Also, management is finding ways to be more efficient in marketing and recruiting efforts. These reductions were partially offset by the expense growth necessary to support the operations of DeVry Group’s other institutions (DMI, Chamberlain, DeVry Brasil, and Becker) as well as other costs, including severance and other transition costs associated with the change in the organization’s former Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer and an increase in legal fees related to an ongoing Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) inquiry as described in “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

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The costs at DeVry Brasil for fiscal year 2016 include the expenses of Grupo Ibmec and Facimp which were acquired during fiscal year 2016, as well as the full-year effect of the fiscal year 2015 acquisitions (combined effect of $9.3 million increase in Student Services and Administrative Expense). These increases at DeVry Brasil were partially offset by the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the year-ago period (effect is a decrease to Student Services and Administrative Expense of $8.5 million for fiscal year 2016).

 

Amortization of finite-lived intangible assets in connection with acquisitions of institutions increased by $1.4 million during fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. Amortization expense is included entirely in the Student Services and Administrative Expense category.

 

As a percentage of revenue, Student Services and Administrative Expense decreased to 35.5% in fiscal year 2016 from 37.1% during the prior year. The decrease was primarily a result of the effectiveness of the cost reduction measures noted above.

 

Management expects that total operating costs will decrease approximately one percent in fiscal year 2017 as compared to fiscal year 2016, driven by the savings from DeVry Group’s continued cost reduction measures and partially offset by increased costs from the impact of acquisitions at DeVry Brasil and Becker.

 

Restructuring Expense

 

During fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group recorded pre-tax charges related to real estate consolidations of $50.1 million. Also during fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group implemented several reductions in force (“RIF”) which reduced DeVry Group’s workforce by 761 total positions and resulted in pre-tax charges of $24.1 million during fiscal year 2016. These charges represented severance pay and benefits for these employees. These restructuring charges were charged to segment costs in fiscal year 2016 as follows: $5.6 million to Medical and Healthcare, $1.2 million to International and Professional Education, $66.9 million to Business, Technology and Management and $0.5 million to the DeVry Group home office which is classified as “Home Office and Other” in “Note 15: Segment Information” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

During fiscal year 2015, DeVry Group recorded pre-tax charges related to real estate consolidations of $23.5 million. Also during fiscal year 2015, DeVry University implemented a voluntary separation plan (“VSP”) and a RIF. DeVry Group home office and Becker also experienced workforce reductions in fiscal year 2015. These actions reduced DeVry Group’s workforce by 668 total positions and resulted in pre-tax charges of $19.4 million during fiscal year 2015. These charges represented severance pay and benefits for these employees. These restructuring charges were allocated to segment costs in fiscal year 2015 as follows: $6.9 million to Medical and Healthcare, $0.1 million to International and Professional Education, $32.6 million to Business, Technology and Management and $3.3 million to the DeVry Group home office.

 

Cash payments for the fiscal year 2016 and 2015 charges were approximately $46.3 million for fiscal year 2016. The remaining accrual for these charges is $48.2 million as of June 30, 2016. The balance is expected to be paid within the next 12 months except for rent charges which may be paid out for periods of up to 8 years. Additional restructuring expenses are expected to be recorded in fiscal year 2017 as DeVry Group continues to reduce costs where enrollment levels necessitate such realignment of expenses.

 

Currently, management expects fiscal year 2017 charges for real estate consolidations and severance pay and benefits for workforce reductions to be in the range of $15-25 million. Most of these charges will occur in the Business, Technology and Management segment and at Carrington in the Medical and Healthcare segment.

 

Asset Impairment Charge

 

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, revenue and operating income for DeVry Group’s Carrington reporting unit were significantly below management’s expectations primarily driven by lower student enrollments. Carrington’s revenue, although increased from the year-ago period, was 12% below plan during the second quarter which contributed to an operating loss in the period as compared to planned operating income. This plan was used in DeVry Group’s intangible asset impairment testing as of May 31, 2015,which indicated a fair value of the Carrington reporting unit that was approximately 8% above carrying value. Accordingly, management revised its forecast and future cash flow projections for Carrington, and performed an interim impairment analysis during the second quarter of fiscal year 2016. As a result, Carrington’s Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility indefinite-lived intangible asset and the goodwill balance were considered to be impaired and DeVry Group recorded non-cash, pre-tax impairment charges of $6.5 million and $93.0 million, respectively, in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016.

 

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During DeVry Group’s annual intangible asset and goodwill impairment analysis completed as of May 31, 2016, it was determined that the Carrington reporting unit again indicated a fair value that was below its carrying value. During the second half of fiscal year 2016, Carrington’s revenue was approximately 8% below the revised forecast used in the second quarter impairment analysis, which contributed to an operating loss in the period as compared to forecasted operating income. The financial projections used in the second quarter valuation assumed enrollment levels that could not ultimately be achieved on the original timeline due to slower than anticipated opening of new learning centers and slower expansion of programs to existing centers. Accordingly, in conjunction with DeVry Group’s fiscal year 2017 annual plan which was approved by the Board of Directors in June 2016, Carrington’s previous fiscal year 2017 operating plan was revised downward as were future cash flow projections. As a result, Carrington intangible assets, consisting principally of the Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility asset, and the goodwill balance were considered to be impaired and were written down by $42.4 million and $5.8 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016.

 

Although management believes its planned business and operational strategies, which include new teaching locations and adding high demand programs to current locations in order to leverage existing facilities, will reverse the negative revenue and operating income trend, there is uncertainty as to the timing of this reversal. See “Note 9: Intangible Assets” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, for additional disclosure on the impairment analyses.

 

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, Becker management made the decision to write-off an intangible asset related to operations in Eastern Europe and Russia which was determined to have no future value. This resulted in a pre-tax charge of $1.8 million. Becker is classified within the International and Professional Education segment.

 

Gain on the Sale of Assets

 

In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group completed the sale of the DeVry University Kansas City, Missouri campus. Proceeds from the sale were $5.8 million, which resulted in a pre-tax gain of $3.2 million. In the third quarter of fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group completed the sale of the DeVry University Fremont, California, campus and student housing facility. Proceeds from the sale were $24.8 million, which resulted in a pre-tax gain of $3.8 million.

 

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, management completed the sale of the former DeVry University campus in Decatur, Georgia, which was vacated a number of years ago. The net proceeds on this sale were approximately $6.7 million, which resulted in the recording of a pre-tax gain of $1.9 million.

 

OPERATING (LOSS) INCOME

 

Total consolidated operating loss from continuing operations for fiscal year 2016 was $12.1 million, a decrease of $169.0 million as compared to operating income from continuing operations of $156.9 million in the prior year. The primary drivers of the decrease in operating income from continuing operations were the increases in impairment charges of $145.9 million and restructuring charges of $31.3 million. Excluding the effect of the impairment charge, restructuring charges and the gain on sale of assets, consolidated operating income from continuing operations increased 0.5% or $1.1 million in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. The positive effect on operating income from continuing operations, excluding the effect of the impairment charge, restructuring charges and the gain on sale of assets, of the increases in revenue at the Medical and Healthcare segment and DeVry Brasil were mostly offset by increases in expenses to support these growing operations.

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

Medical and Healthcare segment operating income decreased 90.2% to $14.3 million during fiscal year 2016, as compared to the prior year. Excluding the effect of the impairment charges of $147.7 million and restructuring charges of $5.6 million, segment operating income increased 9.2% during fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year. Revenue increases at DMI and Chamberlain more than offset the increase in the operating loss at Carrington and the increase in expenses to support growth.

 

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International and Professional Education

 

International and Professional Education segment operating income increased 13.2% to $41.7 million during fiscal year 2016, as compared to the prior year. The increase in operating income was primarily driven by revenue growth at Becker resulting from an increase in the number of CPA exam candidates and growth at Becker Healthcare. This increase at Becker was partially offset by a decrease in operating income at DeVry Brasil of approximately $1.1 million during fiscal year 2016 resulting from a decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar.

 

The decline in value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar reduced reported operating income by approximately $4.4 million in fiscal year 2016. Without this currency effect, operating income at DeVry Brasil would have increased approximately $3.3 million in fiscal year 2016, as compared to the prior year, driven by both acquisitions and organic growth. The acquisitions of Grupo Ibmec and Facimp in fiscal year 2016 and the full-year effect of FMF, Faci and Damasio, which were acquired during fiscal year 2015, constituted all of this DeVry Brasil operating income growth in fiscal year 2016.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

Business, Technology and Management segment operating loss was $46.9 million for fiscal year 2016, an increase from the operating loss of $17.7 million in the prior year. The increased operating loss in fiscal year 2016 was primarily the result of an increase of $34.4 million in restructuring charges recorded in fiscal year 2016, as compared to the prior year (as discussed earlier). Excluding the effect of the restructuring charges and the gain on sale of assets, operating income decreased 12.7% or $1.9 million in fiscal year 2016, as compared to the prior year. This decrease was the result of a decline in revenue resulting from the impact of lower new and total student enrollments and the higher use of scholarships and discounts almost fully offset by savings from cost reduction measures, which offset 99% of the lower revenue for the year. Total segment expenses for fiscal year 2016, excluding the restructuring charges, decreased $181.1 million or 23.2% as compared to the prior year. Management continues to mitigate the effects of this challenging environment by aligning its cost structure with student enrollment. Management believes further cost control measures will be necessary in fiscal year 2017, and also believes that additional consolidations and closures of DeVry University locations are likely to occur.

 

NET INTEREST EXPENSE

 

Net interest expense for fiscal year 2016 of $5.2 million was $1.9 million higher than the prior year. The increase is the result of changes in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar. Interest expense on the deferred purchase price agreement balances at DeVry Brasil include a factor which fluctuates with the changes in the exchange rate.

 

INCOME TAXES

 

Effective income tax rates on income from continuing operations were 84.1% in fiscal year 2016, compared to 12.1% in fiscal year 2015. The tax rate for the fiscal year 2016 was impacted by the Carrington impairment charges, which were only partially deductible for tax purposes, as well as additional domestic restructuring charges. In fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group’s effective income tax rate was favorably impacted by enacted legislation extending the benefits of Internal Revenue Code Section 954(c)(6) (“CFC Look-through”) for a five year period for tax years beginning after January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2019. DeVry Group’s effective income tax rate also reflects benefits derived from significant operations outside the U.S. Earnings of these international operations are not subject to U.S. federal or state income taxes, so long as such earnings are not repatriated, as discussed below. Four of DeVry Group’s operating units, AUC, which operates in St. Maarten, RUSM, which operates in Dominica, RUSVM, which operates in St. Kitts, and DeVry Brasil, which operates in Brazil, all benefit from local tax incentives. AUC’s effective tax rate reflects benefits derived from investment incentives. RUSM and RUSVM each have agreements with their respective domestic governments that exempt them from local income taxation. Both of these agreements have been extended to provide, in the case of RUSM, an indefinite period of exemption and, in the case of RUSVM, exemption until 2037. DeVry Brasil’s effective tax rate reflects benefits derived from its participation in PROUNI, a Brazilian program for providing scholarships to a portion of its undergraduate students.

 

DeVry Group intends to indefinitely reinvest international earnings and cash flow to improve and expand facilities and operations at AUC, RUSM, RUSVM and DeVry Brasil, and pursue other business opportunities outside the U.S. Accordingly, DeVry Group has not recorded a provision for the payment of U.S. income taxes on these earnings.

 

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DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

In December 2013, the assets of Advanced Academics Inc. (“AAI”) were sold for $2.0 million. The results of operations of AAI for the fiscal years 2015 and 2014 are classified in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as discontinued operations.

 

The reported income on discontinued operations in fiscal year 2015 is comprised of $0.6 million in after-tax operating income due from a net settlement of service agreements, and a tax benefit adjustment of $5.0 million related to the correction of an error to properly record the income tax benefit on the impairment charge taken in the first quarter of fiscal year 2014. The reported loss on discontinued operations in the fiscal year 2014 is comprised of $5.3 million in after-tax operating losses and an impairment charge of $13.5 million for the net fair market write-down of AAI’s net assets.

 

See “Note 2: Discontinued Operations” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional disclosures.

 

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2015 VS. FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2014

 

All discussions of the results of operations exclude the results of Advanced Academics, Inc. (“AAI”) which are included in the discontinued operations section of the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) for all periods presented.

 

REVENUE

 

Total consolidated revenue for fiscal year 2015 of $1,909.9 million decreased $13.4 million, or 0.7%, as compared to fiscal year 2014. Excluding the effect of the decline in the value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar, revenue grew approximately 1%, as compared to fiscal year 2014. Revenue decreased 14.6% within the Business, Technology and Management segment as a result of a decline in student enrollment. In addition, revenue at Becker, which is included in the International and Professional Education segment, decreased 2.9% compared to fiscal year 2014 primarily driven by a lower number of CPA exam candidates. Partially offsetting these revenue declines was an 11.7% increase in revenue within the Medical and Healthcare segment compared to the fiscal year 2014 primarily driven by growth in total student enrollment and tuition price increases. Also, revenue at DeVry Brasil, which is included in the International and Professional Education segment, rose 26.9% as compared to fiscal year 2014 as a result of both organic growth and acquisitions.

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

Medical and Healthcare segment revenue increased 11.7% to $859.5 million in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. Higher total student enrollment at Chamberlain was the key driver of revenue growth. Key trends for DMI, Chamberlain and Carrington in fiscal years 2015 and 2014 are set forth below. See the discussion following enrollment information for explanation of the trends.

 

DeVry Medical International

 

DeVry Medical International Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  Sept. 2014   Jan. 2015   May 2015   Sept. 2013   Jan. 2014   May 2014 
New Students   842    560    617    978    582    555 
% Change from Prior Year   (13.9)%   (3.8)%   11.2%   5.7%   (3.5)%   7.1%
Total Students   6,406    6,146    5,978    6,458    6,673    5,925 
% Change from Prior Year   (0.8)%   (7.9)%   0.9%   4.0%   5.6%   2.2%

 

At DMI, new and total student enrollment in the May 2014 semester, which contributed revenue for the first two months of fiscal year 2015, increased 7.1% and 2.2%, respectively, from the May 2013 semester. In the September 2014 and January 2015 semesters, new and total student enrollment declined from the comparable semesters in the prior fiscal year. The enrollment declines were primarily the result of an insufficient number of qualified applicants in a competitive market. Management implemented organizational changes to provide more focus on and support to each of the medical schools and to enhance scholarships. These changes resulted in increases in new and total student enrollment of 11.2% and 0.9%, respectively, in the May 2015 semester as compared to the May 2014 semester.

 

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Tuition Rates:

 

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2014, tuition and fees for the basic sciences and clinical rotation portions of AUC’s medical program were $19,550 and $21,875, respectively, per semester. These tuition rates represent an increase from the September 2013 rates of approximately 3.0%.

 

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2014, tuition and fees for the basic sciences portion of the programs at RUSM were $19,675 per semester. Tuition and fees for the clinical portion of the program were $21,710 per semester. These tuition rates represent an increase from the September 2013 rates of approximately 4.5%.

  

·Effective for semesters beginning in September 2014, tuition and fees for the basic sciences portion of the programs at RUSVM were $17,725 per semester. Tuition and fees for the clinical portion of the program were $22,250 per semester. These tuition rates did not increase from the September 2013 rates.

 

·The respective tuition rates for AUC, RUSM and RUSVM do not include the cost of transportation, living expenses and health insurance.

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing

 

Chamberlain College of Nursing Undergraduate and Graduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
New Students   2,066    3,864    2,137    3,702    2,166    3,205 
% Change from Prior Year   60.8%   14.3%   9.5%   5.7%   3.5%   2.0%
Total Students   17,603    20,920    20,807    23,055    23,108    23,044 
% Change from Prior Year   39.2%   33.3%   32.3%   27.1%   27.1%   21.7%

 

   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  July 2013   Sept. 2013   Nov. 2013   Jan. 2014   Mar. 2014   May 2014 
New Students   1,285    3,380    1,952    3,501    2,092    3,142 
% Change from Prior Year   (34.9)%   108.0%   (8.0)%   65.1%   55.0%   37.6%
Total Students   12,648    15,690    15,732    18,136    18,185    18,929 
% Change from Prior Year   16.5%   30.2%   28.5%   32.2%   37.4%   35.7%

 

Continued demand for nurses positively influenced career decisions of new students towards this field of study in fiscal year 2015. The historical trend of increases in new student enrollments is attributable to increased demand for Chamberlain’s RN-to-BSN online degree option, MSN and DNP degree programs, the addition of several new campus locations, campus expansion and organic growth at existing locations.

 

Tuition Rates:

 

·Effective for sessions beginning in July 2014, tuition was $665 per credit hour for students enrolling one to six credit hours per session in the Chamberlain BSN, ADN and LPN-to-RN programs. This rate was unchanged as compared to the prior year. Tuition was $300 per credit hour per session for each credit hour in excess of six credit hours. This excess credit hour rate represents a $100 increase as compared to the prior year. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation and living expenses.

 

·Effective for sessions beginning in July 2014, tuition was $590 per credit hour for students enrolled in the Chamberlain RN-to-BSN online degree option. This tuition rate was unchanged from the July 2013 tuition rate. Tuition for students enrolled in the online MSN program is $650 per credit hour, which was unchanged from the prior year. The online DNP program was offered at $750 per credit hour. This tuition rate was unchanged from the July 2013 tuition rate.

 

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Carrington College

 

Carrington College Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  Sept. 2014   Dec. 2014   Mar. 2015   June 2015   Total 
New Students   2,623    1,951    2,187    2,771    9,532 
% Change from Prior Year   (4.0)%   14.4%   (2.7)%   56.9%   12.8%
Total Students   7,634    7,444    7,639    7,508      
% Change from Prior Year   (0.9)%   1.2%   (1.5)%   2.1%     

 

   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  Sept. 2013   Dec. 2013   Mar. 2014   June 2014   Total 
New Students   2,733    1,706    2,247    1,766    8,452 
% Change from Prior Year   (19.5)%   (3.2)%   (6.0)%   9.9%   (7.7)%
Total Students   7,706    7,358    7,758    7,353      
% Change from Prior Year   1.0%   (0.6)%   (2.4)%   3.4%     

 

New student enrollment as of June 2015 was positively impacted by three new intake sessions in the period compared to two intake sessions in the prior fiscal year. Combined new student enrollment over the 12 month period ended June 30, 2015 increased 12.8% and total enrollment increased 0.2% compared to the year-ago 12 month period. Carrington continued to make targeted investments in enhancing its students’ academic experience and adding programs while keeping tuition increases minimal. These initiatives contributed to the growth in new student enrollment for fiscal year 2015 compared to the prior fiscal year, which resulted in an increase in total student enrollment for the same period.

 

Tuition rates:

 

·On a per credit hour basis, tuition for Carrington programs ranged from $302 per credit hour to $1,684 per credit hour, with the wide range due to the nature of the programs. General education courses were charged at $335 to $371 per credit hour. Students were charged a non-refundable registration fee of $100, and they were also charged separately for books and program-specific supplies and/or testing. A student services fee ranging from $75 to $150, depending on the program, was charged as well. Total program tuition ranged from approximately $12,000 to $15,000 for most certificate programs up to approximately $60,000 for a few advanced programs.

 

International and Professional Education

 

International and Professional Education segment revenues rose 13.5% to $258.8 million in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. DeVry Brasil was the driver of revenue growth in this segment. Revenue at DeVry Brasil increased 26.9% in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. The decline in value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar reduced reported revenue for the fiscal year by approximately $34 million. Without this currency effect, revenue at DeVry Brasil would have risen approximately 54% in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. In addition to revenue growth within existing institutions of 32%, the acquisitions of FMF, Faci and Damasio, which were acquired during fiscal year 2015, contributed revenue growth of 22%. Partially offsetting this revenue increase was a decline in revenue at Becker of 2.9% compared to the prior year, which was driven by a decline in the number of CPA exam candidates as well as weak demand in Becker’s Russian and Eastern European operations primarily the result of currency weakness and turbulence in local economies. Key enrollment trends for DeVry Brasil in fiscal years 2015 and 2014 are set forth below.

 

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DeVry Brasil Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  Sept. 2014   Mar. 2015   Sept. 2013   Mar. 2014 
New Students   5,217    19,589    3,785    8,845 
% Change over Prior Year   37.8%   121.5%   (4.8)%   19.7%
Total Students   33,591    58,724    29,340    33,013 
% Change over Prior Year   14.5%   77.9%   39.5%   13.5%

 

The number of new students reported in the March 2015 semester has been revised to 19,589 students versus 18,173 students as previously reported. Several DeVry Brasil institutions improved their data collection methods to more accurately count students. This error had no effect on reported revenue or results of operations.

 

These enrollment figures include students enrolled in degree-granting programs and exclude students enrolled in the test preparation programs at Damasio. The acquisitions of FMF, Faci and Damasio, which all occurred in fiscal year 2015, added 8,155 new student enrollments and 20,858 total student enrollments to the March 2015 semester totals. Excluding the effect of these recent acquisitions, new and total enrollment grew 13% and 15%, respectively, in the March 2015 semester.

 

In addition, in fiscal year 2015, DeVry Brasil enrolled 1,852 students in Pronatec, a federal government-sponsored certificate program that aims to increase the number of technical and vocational students in Brazil. No new students were enrolled in Pronatec in the March 2015 semester as the federal government deferred entrance of new students until the second session of calendar year 2015.

 

DeVry Brasil’s institutions and program offerings are subject to regulation by Brazil’s MEC which may impose limits on the number of students who can be enrolled in the programs.

 

DeVry Brasil students are eligible for loans under Brazil’s “Fundo de Financiamento Estudantil” or “Students Financing Fund” (“FIES”) public loan program, which is financed by the Brazilian government. As of June 30, 2015, approximately 40% of DeVry Brasil’s degree-seeking students are financed under the FIES program. The Brazilian government has stated that it is supportive of the FIES program, which is important to helping achieve the national goal of college graduates; however, recently enacted changes to the FIES regulations have served to add restrictions limiting student eligibility for FIES funding and extend the government’s time to pay participating institutions. These changes include reducing the number of new FIES contracts from 732,000 in 2014 to 300,000 in 2015, decreasing the monthly minimum family income thresholds that cannot be exceeded in order to qualify for a FIES loan and adding minimum required entrance test scores in order to qualify for a FIES loan. In addition FIES changed the number of annual payments to participating institutions from 12 to 8 installments and increased the annual interest rate borrowers are charged from 3.4% to 6.5%. The DeVry Brasil institutions have increased efforts to attract more non-FIES students in order to reduce dependency on this program. Also, DeVry Brasil is working with private lenders to increase funding sources for prospective students. DeVry Brasil institutions offer programs of study and in areas of the country that the Brazilian government favors in issuing FIES loans. However, the changes in the FIES program resulted in fewer students qualifying for the FIES program and adversely impacted DeVry Brasil’s liquidity by lengthening the reimbursement period from the Brazilian government. As a result of this change, the FIES accounts receivable balance increased from $16 million to $30 million as of June 30, 2015.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

Revenue in the Business, Technology and Management segment, which is composed solely of DeVry University, decreased 14.6% to $794.2 million in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year as a result of a decline in student enrollment and a decrease in revenue per student as compared to the year-ago period. Enrollment declines are expected to continue for the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, which will result in lower revenue. Key trends in enrollment and tuition pricing in fiscal years 2015 and 2014 are set forth below.

 

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DeVry University Undergraduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
New Students   4,915    5,268    4,201    4,282    4,156    3,817 
% Change over Prior Year   (13.4)%   (20.0)%   (12.9)%   (12.8)%   (17.2)%   (13.0)%
Total Students   37,210    39,857    38,235    37,922    36,188    34,524 
% Change over Prior Year   (12.2)%   (15.1)%   (12.6)%   (15.9)%   (15.0)%   (17.8)%

 

   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  July 2013   Sept. 2013   Nov. 2013   Jan. 2014   Mar. 2014   May 2014 
New Students   5,674    6,589    4,824    4,911    5,018    4,388 
% Change over Prior Year   (24.7)%   0.1%   (12.0)%   (7.9)%   (2.5)%   (4.9)%
Total Students   42,374    46,966    43,726    45,097    42,583    41,977 
% Change over Prior Year   (16.1)%   (16.3)%   (11.7)%   (15.1)%   (10.4)%   (14.1)%

 

DeVry University Graduate Student Enrollment:

 

   Fiscal Year 2015 
Term  July 2014   Sept. 2014   Nov. 2014   Jan. 2015   Mar. 2015   May 2015 
Total Coursetakers   13,845    15,532    15,136    15,108    14,651    13,798 
% Change from Prior Year   (14.0)%   (13.4)%   (9.8)%   (12.8)%   (9.5)%   (13.0)%

 

   Fiscal Year 2014 
Term  July 2013   Sept. 2013   Nov. 2013   Jan. 2014   Mar. 2014   May 2014 
Total Coursetakers   16,107    17,925    16,778    17,322    16,192    15,866 
% Change from Prior Year   (18.0)%   (18.8)%   (14.1)%   (18.0)%   (15.1)%   (15.8)%

 

The term “coursetaker” refers to the number of courses take by a student. Thus, one student taking two courses is counted as two coursetakers.

 

Management believes the decreases in undergraduate and graduate enrollment were due to lower demand from DeVry University’s target student segment driven by heightened competition from both public-sector and private-sector education providers, the availability of lower cost degrees, negative perceptions of the value of a college degree and increased reluctance to take on debt, resulting in a reduction in interest from potential students. Management believes heightened competition at the local level had increased, as local colleges started targeting adult students to a much greater extent; local public-sector and independent colleges are taking share from national competitors. Pricing pressure was increasing, and while students appear willing to pay a higher price for private independent colleges, DeVry University is more expensive than many of its public and private-sector competitors.

 

During fiscal year 2015, DeVry University reduced costs through staffing adjustments, managing open positions, consolidating locations, optimizing course scheduling to better utilize classrooms, simplifying program offerings and lowering course materials costs. Management made the decision to close or consolidate certain DeVry University campuses while balancing the potential impact on enrollment and student satisfaction. Since the beginning of fiscal year 2014, DeVry University has closed 18 campus locations and completed 13 campus size reductions. As of the commencement of the July 2015 session, DeVry University operated 81 campus locations.

 

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Tuition rates:

 

·In July 2014, DeVry University froze both undergraduate and graduate tuition rates for the school year which ended in June 2015. This tuition freeze remained in effect in fiscal year 2015. Beginning in July 2014, the number of credit hours a student must take per session to receive the full-time rate was increased from seven to eight credit hours.

 

·For fiscal year 2015, DeVry University’s undergraduate tuition was $609 per credit hour for students enrolling in one to seven credit hours per session. This rate was unchanged from the prior year. Tuition was $365 per credit hour for each credit hour in excess of seven credit hours. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation and living expenses.

 

·Keller program tuition per course was $2,298, which was unchanged from the prior year.

 

·Any tuition rate increases instituted after July 2015 applied only to newly enrolled students. Existing students paid the tuition they were paying at the time DeVry University adopted its Fixed Tuition Promise or, if later, at the time of their enrollment. To remain eligible for the Fixed Tuition Promise students may not miss more than five sessions.

 

COSTS AND EXPENSES

 

Cost of Educational Services

 

The largest component of Cost of Educational Services is the cost of faculty and staff who support educational operations. This expense category also includes the costs of facilities, adjunct faculty, supplies, course and other educational materials, student education-related support activities and the provision for uncollectible student accounts.

 

DeVry Group’s Cost of Educational Services increased 1.7% to $1,000.1 million during fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. This increase includes costs that were incurred to support a higher number of total student enrollments for Chamberlain and DeVry Brasil as compared to the year-ago period and the need to support continued growth at DMI. Cost of Educational Services within DeVry University and Carrington were lower by 12.0% and 6.1%, respectively, in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. The decreases at both institutions were primarily a result of savings from cost reduction measures. The costs at DeVry Brasil for fiscal year 2015 include the expenses of FMF, Faci and Damasio which were all acquired during fiscal year 2015 (combined effect of $22.4 million increase in Cost of Educational Services).

 

As a percentage of revenue, Cost of Educational Services increased to 52.4% in fiscal year 2015 from 51.1% in the prior year. The increase was primarily the result of costs that were incurred for Chamberlain’s new campuses and decreased operating leverage within DeVry University.

 

Student Services and Administrative Expense

 

This expense category includes student admissions, marketing and advertising costs, general and administrative costs, expenses associated with curriculum development and the amortization expense of finite-lived intangible assets related to acquisitions of businesses.

 

Student Services and Administrative Expense decreased 2.7% to $708.3 million during fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. The decrease was primarily the result of cost reduction measures. Over the past several years, DeVry Group has reduced costs through staffing adjustments primarily at DeVry University, Carrington and DeVry Group home office. Also, management is finding ways to be more efficient in marketing and recruiting efforts. These reductions were partially offset by the expense growth necessary to support the operations of DeVry Group’s other institutions (DMI, Chamberlain, DeVry Brasil, and Becker) as well as an increase in legal fees related to an ongoing Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) inquiry as described in “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K. The costs at DeVry Brasil for fiscal year 2015 include the expenses of FMF, Faci and Damasio which were all acquired during fiscal year 2015. Amortization of finite-lived intangible assets in connection with acquisitions of institutions decreased by $2.3 million during fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. Amortization expense is included entirely in the Student Services and Administrative Expense category.

 

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As a percentage of revenue, Student Services and Administrative Expense decreased to 37.1% in fiscal year 2015 from 37.8% during the prior year. The decrease was primarily a result of the effectiveness of the cost reduction measures noted above.

 

Restructuring Expense

 

During fiscal year 2015, DeVry Group recorded pre-tax charges related to real estate consolidations of $23.5 million. Also during fiscal year 2015, DeVry University implemented a voluntary separation plan (“VSP”) and a reduction in force (“RIF”). DeVry Group home office and Becker also experienced workforce reductions in fiscal year 2015. These actions reduced DeVry Group’s workforce by 668 total positions and resulted in pre-tax charges of $19.4 million during fiscal year 2015. These charges represented severance pay and benefits for these employees. These restructuring charges were allocated to segment costs in fiscal year 2015 as follows: $6.9 million to Medical and Healthcare, $0.1 million to International and Professional Education, $32.6 million to Business, Technology and Management and $3.3 million to the DeVry Group home office which is classified as “Home Office and Other” in “Note 15: Segment Information” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

For fiscal year 2014, DeVry Group recorded pre-tax charges related to real estate consolidations of $18.7 million. Also, DeVry Group implemented RIFs that resulted in a pre-tax charge of $14.0 million in fiscal year 2014 that represented severance pay and benefits for these employees. These restructuring costs were allocated to the segments in fiscal year 2014 as follows: $7.9 million to Medical and Healthcare, $0.2 million to International and Professional Education, $21.7 million to Business, Technology and Management and $2.9 million to the DeVry Group home office.

 

Cash payments for the fiscal year 2015 and 2014 charges were approximately $32.1 million for fiscal year 2015. The remaining accrual for these charges was $27.0 million as of June 30, 2015. The balance was paid within 12 months except for rent charges which will be paid out for periods of up to nine years.

 

Asset Impairment Charge

 

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, Becker management made the decision to write-off an intangible asset related to operations in Eastern Europe and Russia which was determined to have no future value. This resulted in an after-tax charge of $1.8 million. Becker is classified within the International and Professional Education segment.

 

Gain on the Sale of Assets

 

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, management completed the sale of the former DeVry University campus in Decatur, Georgia, which was vacated a number of years ago. The net proceeds on this sale were approximately $6.7 million, which resulted in the recording of a pre-tax gain of $1.9 million.

 

OPERATING INCOME

 

Total consolidated operating income from continuing operations for fiscal year 2015 of $156.9 million decreased 13.4% as compared to the prior year. The primary drivers of the decrease in operating income were an increase in the restructuring charge, the revenue decline at DeVry University and decreased revenue at Becker. Excluding the effect of the restructuring charges, consolidated operating income from continuing operations decreased 6.6% in fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. The effect on operating income before restructuring charges of the revenue declines at DeVry University was partially offset by cost reduction measures in this segment. Also partially offsetting the reduced operating income from DeVry University were the effects of the revenue increases in the Medical and Healthcare segment and at DeVry Brasil, compared to fiscal year 2014.

 

Medical and Healthcare

 

Medical and Healthcare segment operating income increased 7.7% to $146.5 million during fiscal year 2015, as compared to the prior year. Excluding the effect of restructuring charges, segment operating income increased 6.6% during fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. Revenue increases across all institutions that comprise this segment, and cost reductions at Carrington more than offset the increase in home office allocations to support growth.

 

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International and Professional Education

 

International and Professional Education segment operating income decreased 13.9% to $36.8 million during fiscal year 2015, as compared to the prior year. The decreased operating income was primarily driven by decreased revenue at Becker resulting from a decline in the number of CPA exam candidates, as well as weak demand in Becker’s Russian and Eastern European operations primarily the result of currency weakness and turbulence in local economies, along with the $1.8 million asset impairment charge. This decrease at Becker was partially offset by an increase in operating income at DeVry Brasil of approximately $2.5 million during fiscal year 2015 (approximately 40% of which is attributable to the acquisitions of FMF, Faci and Damasio).

 

The decline in value of the Brazilian Real as compared to the U.S. dollar reduced reported operating income by $7.3 million in fiscal year 2015. Without this currency effect, operating income at DeVry Brasil would have increased approximately $9.8 million in fiscal year 2015, as compared to the prior year. The acquisitions of FMF, Faci and Damasio, which were acquired during fiscal year 2015, contributed approximately 20% of this DeVry Brasil operating income growth in fiscal year 2015.

 

Business, Technology and Management

 

Business, Technology and Management segment operating loss was $17.7 million for fiscal year 2015, a decrease from operating income of $10.8 million in the prior year. The operating loss experienced in fiscal year 2015 was primarily the result of a decline in revenue and an increase of $10.9 million in restructuring charges recorded in fiscal year 2015, as compared to the prior year (as discussed earlier).

 

Excluding the special charges, operating income decreased 51.1% to $14.9 million during fiscal year 2015 as compared to the prior year. Total segment expenses for fiscal year 2015, excluding the restructuring charges, decreased $120.0 million or 13.4% as compared to the prior year, as a result of savings from cost reduction measures, which partially offset lower revenue for the year. Management continues to mitigate the effects of this challenging environment by aligning its cost structure with student enrollment.

 

NET INTEREST EXPENSE

 

Interest income for fiscal year 2015 of $2.1 million was higher than the year-ago period. The increase is the result of higher invested cash balances in Brazil where interest rates exceed those in the U.S. Interest expense for fiscal year 2015 of $5.3 million was higher than the year-ago period due to interest on a higher amount of deferred purchase price agreement balances at DeVry Brasil along with recognizing deferred financing fees related to the refinancing of the DeVry Group revolving credit facility in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015.

 

INCOME TAXES

 

Taxes on income from continuing operations were 12.1% in fiscal year 2015, compared to 15.4% in fiscal year 2014. DeVry Group’s effective income tax rate reflects benefits derived from significant operations outside the U.S. Earnings of these international operations are not subject to U.S. federal or state income taxes, so long as such earnings are not repatriated, as discussed below. Four of DeVry Group’s operating units, AUC, which operates in St. Maarten, RUSM, which operates in Dominica, RUSVM, which operates in St. Kitts and DeVry Brasil, which operates in Brazil, all benefit from local tax incentives. AUC’s effective tax rate reflects benefits derived from investment incentives. RUSM and RUSVM each have agreements with their respective domestic governments that exempt them from local income taxation. Both of these agreements have been extended to provide, in the case of RUSM, an indefinite period of exemption and, in the case of RUSVM, exemption until 2037. DeVry Brasil’s effective tax rate reflects benefits derived from its participation in PROUNI, a Brazilian program for providing scholarships to a portion of its undergraduate students.

 

During 2015 DeVry Group also benefited from legislation which deferred U.S. taxation on certain foreign personal holding company income, such as foreign dividends, interest, rents or royalties, generated from intercompany transactions between our foreign affiliates.

 

DeVry Group intends to indefinitely reinvest international earnings and cash flow to improve and expand facilities and operations at AUC, RUSM, RUSVM and DeVry Brasil, and pursue other business opportunities outside the U.S. Accordingly, DeVry Group has not recorded a provision for the payment of U.S. income taxes on these earnings.

 

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DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

In December 2013, the assets of Advanced Academics Inc. (“AAI”) were sold for $2.0 million. The results of operations of AAI for the fiscal years 2015 and 2014 were classified in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as discontinued operations.

 

The reported income on discontinued operations in fiscal year 2015 was comprised of $0.6 million in after-tax operating income due from net settlement of service agreements, and a tax benefit adjustment of $5.0 million related to the correction of an error to properly record the income tax benefit on the impairment charge taken in the first quarter of fiscal year 2014. The reported loss on discontinued operations in the fiscal year 2014 was comprised of $5.3 million in after-tax operating losses and an impairment charge of $13.5 million for the net fair market write-down of AAI’s net assets.

 

See “Note 2: Discontinued Operations” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional disclosures.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

“Note 3: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, describes the method of application of significant accounting policies and should be read in conjunction with the discussion below.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Chamberlain, Carrington, DeVry Brasil higher education and DeVry University tuition revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over their respective applicable academic terms. In addition, AUC, RUSM and RUSVM basic science curriculum revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the academic term. The clinical portion of the AUC, RUSM and RUSVM education programs are conducted under the supervision of primarily U.S. teaching hospitals and veterinary schools. AUC, RUSM and RUSVM are responsible for the billing and collection of tuition from their students during the period of clinical education. Revenue is recognized on a weekly basis based on actual program attendance during the period of the clinical program. Fees paid to the hospitals and veterinary schools for supervision of AUC, RUSM and RUSVM students are charged to expense on the same basis. Becker and DeVry Brasil’s test preparation live classroom and DeVry Brasil’s online tuition revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the applicable delivery period.

 

Sales of textbooks, electronic course materials and other educational products, including training services and the Becker self-study sales, are included in Other Educational Revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). Textbook, electronic course materials and other educational product revenue is recognized when the sale occurs. Revenue from training services, which are generally short-term in duration, is recognized when the training service is provided. In addition, fees from international licensees of the Becker programs are included in Other Educational Revenue and recognized when confirmation of course delivery is received.

 

Estimates of DeVry Group’s expected refunds are determined at the outset of each academic term, based upon actual experience in previous terms. Inputs to this analysis include refunds issued, withdrawal rates and historical amounts owed by students for that portion of a term that was completed. Management reassesses collectability throughout the period revenue is recognized by the DeVry Group institutions, on a student-by-student basis. This reassessment is based upon new information and changes in facts and circumstances relevant to a student's ability to pay. Management reassesses collectability when a student withdraws from the institution and has unpaid tuition charges. Such unpaid charges do not meet the threshold of reasonably collectible and are recognized as revenue on a cash basis. This cash basis accounting which was adopted beginning in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015 did not have a material effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

The provision for refunds, which is reported as a reduction to Tuition Revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), is recognized in the same ratable fashion as revenue to most appropriately match these costs with the tuition revenue in that term. Provisions for refunds were $46.5 million, $42.3 million and $36.1 million for the years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Provisions for refunds are monitored and adjusted as necessary within the academic term and adjusted for actual refunds issued and withdrawn student accounts receivable balances at the completion of an academic term. If a student leaves school prior to completing an academic term, federal, state and/or Canadian provincial regulations and accreditation criteria permit DeVry Group to retain only a set percentage of the total tuition received from such student, which varies with, but generally equals or exceeds, the percentage of the academic term completed by such student. Payment amounts received by DeVry Group in excess of such set percentages of tuition are refunded to the student or the appropriate funding source. All refunds are netted against revenue during the applicable academic term. Reserves related to refunds and uncollectible accounts totaled $64.5 million and $65.0 million at June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

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The allowance for uncollectible accounts is determined by analyzing the current aging of accounts receivable and historical loss rates on collections of accounts receivable. In addition, management considers projections of future receivable levels and collection loss rates. We monitor the inputs to this analysis periodically throughout the year. Provisions required to maintain the allowance at appropriate levels are charged to expense in each period as required. Provisions for uncollectible accounts, which are included in the Cost of Educational Services in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), for years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014 were $35.4 million, $47.6 million and $52.4 million, respectively. The decrease in the provision was the result of lower revenue and better collection experience at DeVry University compared to the prior year.

 

Expense Recognition

 

Advertising costs are recognized as expense in the period in which materials are purchased or services are performed. Similarly, start-up expenses related to new operating locations and new curriculum development costs are charged to expense as incurred.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Stock-based compensation is recorded as compensation expense over the vesting period. DeVry Group accounts for stock-based compensation granted to retirement eligible employees that fully vests upon an employee’s retirement under the non-substantive vesting period approach. Under this approach, the entire compensation cost is recognized at the grant date for stock-based grants issued to retirement eligible employees. For non-retirement eligible employees, stock-based compensation cost is measured at grant date based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the employee requisite service period, reduced by an estimated forfeiture rate. If factors change and different assumptions are employed in the valuation of stock-based grants in future periods, the stock-based compensation expense that DeVry Group records may differ significantly from what was recorded in previous periods.

 

The fair value of share-based awards, including those with performance conditions, are measured as of the grant date. The fair value of DeVry Group’s stock option awards was estimated using a binomial model. This model uses historical cancelation and exercise experience of DeVry Group to determine the option value. It also takes into account the illiquid nature of employee options during the vesting period. Share-based compensation expense is amortized for the estimated number of shares expected to vest. The estimated number of shares that will vest is based on management’s determination of the probable outcome of the performance conditions, which may require considerable judgment. DeVry Group records a cumulative adjustment to share-based compensation expense in periods when the estimate of the number of shares expected to vest changes. Expense is recognized to reflect the actual vested shares following the resolution of the performance conditions.

 

Impairment of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

 

In accordance with GAAP, goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles arising from a business combination are not amortized and charged to expense over time. Instead, these assets must be reviewed annually for impairment or more frequently if circumstances arise indicating potential impairment. Authoritative guidance provides for a three step approach to evaluating potential impairment of goodwill and a quantitative or qualitative review of indefinite-lived intangible assets in order to determine if it is more likely than not that these assets have been impaired. Step 0 is a qualitative assessment used to determine whether it is necessary to perform the succeeding two-steps in evaluating impairment of goodwill.

 

DeVry Group had seven reporting units which contained goodwill as of the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016. These reporting units constitute components for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by segment management. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit containing the goodwill exceeds the fair value of that reporting unit, an impairment loss is recognized to the extent the “implied fair value” of the reporting unit goodwill is less than the carrying amount of the goodwill. In analyzing the results of operations and business conditions of all seven reporting units (Step 0), it was determined that for five of the reporting units, a Step 1 impairment analysis was not necessary to determine if the carrying values of the reporting unit exceeded their fair values as of the May 31, 2016, annual impairment review date. For the other two reporting units (DeVry University and Carrington) the results of operations as compared to plan and the prior year as well as forecasted results and the general business environment surrounding their operations required a Step 1 analysis and, in the case of Carrington, a Step 2 analysis.

 

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Determining the fair value of a reporting unit involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. For the Step 1 analysis, the estimate of the fair value of each reporting unit is based on management’s projection of revenue, gross margin, operating costs and cash flows considering planned business and operational strategies over a long-term planning horizon of five years along with a terminal value calculated based on discounted cash flows. These measures of business performance are similar to those management uses to evaluate the results of operations on a regular basis. The growth rates used to project cash flows, operating results and terminal values of reporting units are commensurate with historical results and future plans and analysis of the economic environment in which the reporting units operate. The valuations employ present value techniques to estimate fair value and consider market factors. Management believes the assumptions used for the impairment testing are consistent with those that would be utilized by a market participant in performing similar valuations of its reporting units. Discount rates of 14.8% and 13.8% were utilized for the DeVry University and Carrington reporting units, respectively. The discount rate utilized by each unit takes into account management’s assumptions on growth rates and risk, both institution specific and macro-economic, inherent in that reporting unit. Management bases its fair value estimates on assumptions it believes to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty. Actual results may differ from these estimates which could lead to additional impairments of goodwill.

 

For indefinite-lived intangible assets, management first analyzes qualitative factors including results of operations and business conditions of all seven reporting units, significant changes in cash flows at the individual indefinite-lived intangible asset level, if applicable, as well as how much previously calculated fair values exceed carrying values to determine if it is more likely than not that the intangible assets associated with these reporting units have been impaired. In calculating fair value, DeVry Group uses various valuation techniques including a royalty rate model for trade names, trademarks and intellectual property, a discounted income stream model for Title IV eligibility and a discounted cash flow model for accreditation. The estimated fair values of these indefinite-lived intangible assets are based on management’s projection of revenue, gross margin, operating costs and cash flows considering planned business and operational strategies over a long-term planning horizon of five years. The assumed royalty rates and the growth rates used to project cash flows and operating results are based upon historical results and analysis of the economic environment in which the reporting units that record indefinite-lived intangible assets operate. The valuations employ present value techniques to measure fair value and consider market factors. Management believes the assumptions used for the impairment testing are consistent with those that would be utilized by a market participant in performing similar valuations of its indefinite-lived intangible assets. In qualitatively assessing the indefinite-lived assets of all seven reporting units, it was determined that for all intangibles except those in the DeVry University and Carrington reporting units, it was more likely than not that these assets’ fair values exceeded their carrying values as of the May 31, 2016, annual impairment review date. For two reporting units (DeVry University and Carrington) the qualitative assessment required further quantitative analysis. In fiscal year 2016, in determining fair values of intangible assets, discount rates of 14.8% and 13.8% were utilized for those assets at the DeVry University and Carrington reporting units, respectively. The discount rate utilized takes into account management’s assumptions on growth rates and risk, both institution specific and macroeconomic, inherent in that reporting unit. These intangible assets are closely tied to the overall risk of the reporting units in which they are recorded so management would expect the discount rates to also match those used for valuing these reporting units.

 

Management considers certain triggering events when evaluating whether an interim impairment analysis is warranted. Among these would be a significant long-term decrease in the market capitalization of DeVry Group based on events specific to DeVry Group’s operations. Management believes the decline in the market capitalization of DeVry Group in fiscal year 2016 is indicative of the reaction to the news of regulatory inquires, in particular the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) civil complaint filed against DeVry University in January 2016 (see “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this form 10-K), as well as continuing declining enrollment and financial results of DeVry University. DeVry University’s contributions to the operating results of DeVry Group have been diminishing for several years as DeVry University diminishes in size and the other DeVry Group institutions continue to grow; however, the market continues to react unfavorably as if DeVry University was a much larger contributor to DeVry Group. Management concluded that the decline in market capitalization during fiscal year 2016 was not indicative that the fair values of the DeVry Group reporting units had more likely than not declined below their carrying values and was not cause for an interim impairment review. Other triggering events that could be cause for an interim impairment review would be changes in the accreditation, regulatory or legal environment, increased competition, innovation changes and changes in the market acceptance of our educational programs and the graduates of those programs, among others.

 

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, revenue and operating income for the Carrington reporting unit were significantly below management’s operating plan. Carrington had invested in faculty and program costs based on planned growth in enrollment; however, new student enrollment did not meet plan and costs could not be reduced commensurate with these enrollment shortfalls. This plan was utilized in the annual impairment review completed as of May 31, 2015. In this review, the Carrington fair value exceeded its carrying value by 8%. Carrington’s second quarter revenue was 12% below plan. As a result of this revenue shortfall, Carrington generated a fully allocated operating loss in the second quarter as compared to planned operating income.

 

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Based upon these facts and circumstances, management performed an interim impairment review as of November 30, 2015 for the Carrington indefinite-lived intangible asset and the Carrington reporting unit. As a result of the revenue shortfall experienced in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, management revised its fiscal year 2016 forecast and future cash flow projections for Carrington. To determine the fair value of the Carrington indefinite-lived intangible asset and Carrington reporting unit in our interim step one impairment analysis, a discounted cash flow valuation method was utilized incorporating assumptions that a reasonable market participant would use regarding the impact of the current operating losses and the increased uncertainty impacting future operations. Management used significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) in our discounted cash flow valuation including future cash flow projections and discount rate assumptions. A discount rate of 14% was utilized in the Carrington valuation which takes into account management’s assumptions on growth rates and risk, both institution specific and macro-economic, inherent in the reporting unit. This rate was higher than the 13% used in the fiscal year 2015 valuation due to the addition of an institution specific premium necessitated by an increased risk of meeting future operating plans. This intangible asset is closely tied to the overall risk of the reporting unit in which it is recorded so management would expect the discount rate to approximate that used for valuing this reporting unit. Management bases its fair value estimates on assumptions it believes to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty.

 

Management’s interim step two impairment analysis in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 resulted in an estimated fair value for the Carrington Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility intangible asset of $60.7 million which was $6.5 million less than its carrying value at November 30, 2015. Based on a calculation of the estimated fair value of the Carrington reporting unit and a hypothetical purchase price allocation which included the estimated fair value of the Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility intangible asset, management determined the Carrington reporting unit would have implied goodwill of $5.8 million. This was $93.0 million less than the carrying value of this reporting unit. Accordingly, Carrington’s Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility indefinite-lived intangible assets and the goodwill balance were considered to be impaired and were written down by $6.5 million and $93.0 million, respectively, in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016.

 

An interim triggering event analysis was limited to Carrington during fiscal year 2016 because only Carrington had a small enough margin between estimated fair value and carrying value as of May 31, 2015 where the actual results in any quarter deviated from plan by an amount sufficient to result in a possible impairment. The estimated fair values of DeVry Group’s indefinite-lived intangible assets exceeded their carrying values by no less than 56% as of the end of fiscal year 2015, except the AUC accreditation where the excess was 7%. Operating income at all reporting units except Carrington, as discussed above, during fiscal year 2016 were not materially different from the budgeted operating income that was used in the impairment analysis as of May 31, 2015; thus, management did not believe the fair values of any reporting unit would have declined enough to fall below the carrying values prior to the May 31, 2016 annual impairment review.

 

The May 31, 2016 annual impairment review, using inputs and techniques mentioned above, indicated further impairment of the Carrington reporting unit. Revenue and operating income for the second half of fiscal year 2016 were significantly below management’s revised financial projections used in the second quarter interim impairment analysis. Second half revenue was approximately 8% below the revised forecast which contributed to an operating loss in the period as compared to forecast operating income. Carrington’s planned growth in enrollment did not materialize as total student enrollment declined 10% in the March and June quarters compared to the prior year and 8% sequentially from the first half of fiscal year 2016 and costs could not be reduced commensurate with enrollment shortfalls. The financial projections used in the second quarter valuation assumed enrollment levels that could not ultimately be achieved on the original timeline due to slower than anticipated opening of new learning centers and slower expansion of programs to existing centers. Accordingly, in conjunction with DeVry Group’s fiscal year 2017 annual plan which was approved by the Board of Directors in June 2016, Carrington’s fiscal year 2017 previous operating plan was revised downward as were future cash flow projections.

 

At May 31, 2016, management performed an impairment analysis and calculated fair value estimates for the Carrington intangible assets, primarily for the Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility intangible asset, of $20.2 million which was $42.4 million less than the carrying values at May 31, 2016. Based on a calculation of the estimated fair value of the Carrington reporting unit and a hypothetical purchase price allocation which included the estimated fair value of the Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility intangible asset, management determined the Carrington reporting unit would have no implied goodwill. This was $5.8 million less than the carrying value of this reporting unit. As a result, Carrington intangible assets, consisting principally of the Accreditation and Title IV Eligibility asset, and the goodwill balance were considered to be impaired and were written down by $42.4 million and $5.8 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016.

 

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The May 31, 2016 annual impairment review did not indicate impairment of any other reporting unit. For fiscal year 2016, the DeVry University reporting unit experienced a 23.0% decline in revenue and a decline in operating income, before restructuring charges and a gain on the sale of assets, of 12.7% from the prior year. Based on the May 31, 2016 impairment review, DeVry University’s current and forecasted profitability is sufficient to maintain a fair value greater than its carrying value. The fair value of this reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by 6% as of the May 31, 2016 valuation date. An increase of 100 basis points in the discount rate used in the fourth quarter impairment analysis would result in a fair value less than the carrying value for DeVry University. Management considers the use of this level of sensitivity in the discount rate reasonable considering the strength of DeVry Group’s sustained operations. If the impairment analysis resulted in any reporting unit’s fair value being less than the carrying value, an additional step would be required to determine the implied fair value of goodwill associated with that reporting unit. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by first allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all its assets and liabilities and then computing the excess of the reporting unit’s fair value over the amounts assigned to the assets and liabilities. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, such excess represents the amount of goodwill impairment, and, accordingly such impairment is recognized. DeVry University has been able to adjust operating expenses to offset in excess of 90% of the revenue declines experienced over the last two years. This has resulted in positive cash flows sufficient to produce a fair value in excess of the carrying value of this reporting unit. Management monitors enrollment and financial performance of the reporting unit. Should management not be able to adjust costs to offset future declines in student enrollment and revenue, resulting in financial performance that is significantly below management expectations, the carrying value of this reporting unit may exceed its fair value, and goodwill and intangible assets could be impaired. Also, regulatory changes and the outcome of legal or regulatory actions could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of DeVry University and impose significant restrictions on the ability of DeVry University to operate. These scenarios could require a write-off of up to $23.8 million of intangible assets and goodwill.

 

At June 30, 2016, intangible assets from business combinations totaled $342.9 million and goodwill totaled $588.0 million. Together, these assets equaled approximately 44% of total assets as of such date, and any impairment could significantly affect future results of operations.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

DeVry Group evaluates the carrying amount of its significant long-lived assets whenever changes in circumstances or events indicate that the value of such assets may not be fully recoverable. Events that may trigger an impairment analysis could include a decision by management to exit a market or a line of business or to consolidate operating locations. In fiscal years 2016 and 2015, management consolidated operations at several DeVry University and Carrington locations. These decisions resulted in the pre-tax accelerated depreciation and write-offs on leasehold improvements and equipment of $13.7 million and $4.3 million during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The accelerated depreciation and write-off charges are included in Restructuring Expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) (see “Note 10: Restructuring Charges” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form-10K). For a discussion of the impairment of goodwill and intangible assets see “Note 9: Intangible Assets” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K as well as the section above.

 

Income Taxes

 

DeVry Group accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. DeVry Group also recognizes future tax benefits associated with tax loss and credit carryforwards as deferred tax assets. DeVry Group’s deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. DeVry Group measures deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which DeVry Group expects to recover or settle the temporary differences. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred taxes is recognized in the period that the change is enacted. DeVry Group reduces its net tax assets for the estimated additional tax and interest that may result from tax authorities disputing uncertain tax positions DeVry Group has taken.

 

Estimates and Assumptions

 

DeVry Group’s financial statements include estimates and assumptions about the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses whose exact amounts will not be known until future periods. Management has discussed with the Audit and Finance Committee of the Board of Directors the critical accounting policies discussed above and the significant estimates included in the Consolidated Financial Statements of this Form 10-K. Although management believes its assumptions and estimates are reasonable, actual amounts may differ from the estimates included in the Consolidated Financial Statements thereby materially affecting results in the future.

 

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DeVry Group’s Consolidated Financial Statements reflect the following significant estimates and assumptions:

·the method of revenue recognition across academic periods;
·the estimates and judgments used to record the provision for uncollectible accounts receivable. DeVry Group believes that it has appropriately considered known or expected outcomes of its students’ ability to pay their outstanding amounts due to DeVry Group. DeVry Group’s greatest accounts receivable risk is with its DeVry University undergraduate students;
·the useful lives of equipment and facilities whose value is a significant portion of DeVry Group’s total assets;
·the value and useful lives of acquired finite-lived intangible assets;
·the value of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets;
·the pattern of the amortization of finite-lived intangible assets over their economic life;
·the value of deferred tax assets and evaluation of uncertainties under authoritative guidance;
·costs associated with any settlement of claims and lawsuits in which DeVry Group is a defendant;
·health care reimbursement claims for medical services rendered but for which claims have not yet been processed or paid; and
·the value of stock-based compensation awards and related compensation expense.

 

The methodology management used to derive each of the above estimates for fiscal year 2015 is consistent with the manner in which such estimates were made in prior years, although management regularly analyzes the parameters used in setting the value of these estimates and may change those parameters as conditions warrant. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Restructuring and Other Charges

 

DeVry Group’s Consolidated Financial Statements include charges related to the reduced enrollments at several of its institutions. Management is reducing DeVry Group’s cost structure to align with these reduced enrollments. Such charges include severance and related benefits for reductions in staff and voluntary separation plans and real estate consolidation charges for early lease termination or cease-of-use costs and losses on disposals of property and equipment.

 

CONTINGENCIES

 

For a discussion of legal proceedings, see “Note 14: Commitments and Contingencies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Student Payments

 

DeVry Group’s primary source of liquidity is the cash received from payments for student tuition, books, other educational materials and fees. These payments include funds originating as financial aid from various federal and state loan and grant programs; student and family educational loans (“private loans”); employer educational reimbursements; and student and family financial resources. Private loans as a percentage of DeVry Group’s total revenue is relatively small. DeVry Group continues to pursue available financing options for its students, including DeVry Group’s institutional loan programs.

 

The following table summarizes DeVry Group’s cash receipts from tuition and related fee payments by fund source as a percentage of total revenue for the fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively. Final data for fiscal year 2016 is not yet available.

 

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   Fiscal Year 
Funding Source:  2015   2014 
Federal Assistance (Title IV) Program Funding (Grants and Loans)   59%   60%
Brazil FIES Public Loan Program   2%   3%
State Grants   1%   1%
Private Loans   1%   1%
Student accounts, cash payments, private scholarships, employer and military provided tuition assistance and other   37%   35%
Total   100%   100%

 

The pattern of cash receipts during the year is seasonal. DeVry Group’s accounts receivable peak immediately after bills are issued each semester/session. Accounts receivable reach their lowest level at the end of each semester/session, dropping to their lowest point during the year at the end of December.

 

At June 30, 2016, total accounts receivable, net of related reserves, was $162.4 million compared to $139.2 million at June 30, 2015. The main drivers of the increase in net accounts receivable were the impact of additional receivables attributable to the DeVry Brasil acquisition of Grupo Ibmec and the delayed FIES funding on the DeVry Brasil accounts receivable. DeVry Brasil students are eligible for loans under Brazil’s FIES public loan program which is financed by the Brazilian government. The Brazilian government announced changes to this program which include extending the payment period from the government to the participating institutions. This change resulted in a higher level of accounts receivable at DeVry Brasil. Higher receivable levels also were recorded at Chamberlain as the result of increased revenue.

 

The FIES accounts receivable balance at June 30, 2016 was approximately $67.1 million compared to a balance of approximately $30.3 million at June 30, 2015. Of this amount, approximately $54.1 million is recorded as Accounts Receivable, Net and approximately $13.0 million is recorded as non-current Other Assets at June 30, 2016. The increase in total FIES accounts receivable was caused by a delay in the receipt of funds from the Brazilian government. The government has implemented a payment plan for all outstanding calendar year 2015 FIES amounts. The amount receivable for calendar year 2015 FIES loans is $29.9 million as of June 30, 2016. DeVry Brasil received the first installment payment on this balance under a deferred payment plan of $7.2 million on July 1, 2016, which represented 25 percent of this 2015 FIES amount plus an inflation adjustment. DeVry Brasil expects to receive additional deferred payments on the remaining balances equal to 25 percent of the original balance by June 30, 2017 and 50 percent by June 30, 2018. Each payment will include an adjustment based on the Brazilian inflation rate. In addition, the Brazilian government has paid participating institutions timely installments for all calendar year 2016 FIES loans.

 

Financial Aid

 

Like other higher education institutions, DeVry Group is highly dependent upon the timely receipt of federal financial aid funds. All financial aid and assistance programs are subject to political and governmental budgetary considerations. In the U.S., the Higher Education Act (“HEA”) guides the federal government’s support of postsecondary education. If there are changes to financial aid programs that restrict student eligibility or reduce funding levels, DeVry Group’s financial condition and cash flows could be materially and adversely affected. Please see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” in Part I of this Form 10-K, for a discussion of student financial aid related risks.

 

In addition, government-funded financial assistance programs are governed by extensive and complex regulations in the U.S. and Brazil. Like any other educational institution, DeVry Group’s administration of these programs is periodically reviewed by various regulatory agencies and is subject to audit or investigation by other governmental authorities. Any violation could be the basis for penalties or other disciplinary action, including initiation of a suspension, limitation or termination proceeding. Comprehensive program reviews of Carrington College-Phoenix, RUSM, Carrington College-California and DeVry University were initiated in April, May, June and August 2014, respectively, and remain open and ongoing. On January 27, 2016, DeVry University received a preliminary program review report from the U.S. Department of Education (“ED”), which identified findings relating to its fiscal administration, student eligibility and administrative capability and provides DeVry University an opportunity to respond to the preliminary findings. If ED determines that we have failed to demonstrate either financial responsibility or administrative capability in any pending program review, or otherwise determines that an institution has violated the terms of its program participation agreement, we could be subject to sanctions including; fines, penalties, reimbursement for discharged loan obligations, a requirement to post a letter of credit, suspension or termination of our eligibility to participate in the Title IV programs. ED regulations regarding financial responsibility provide that, if any one of DeVry Group’s Title IV-eligible institutions is unable to pay its obligations under its program participation agreement as a result of operational issues and/or an enforcement action, DeVry Group’s other Title IV institutions, regardless of their compliance with applicable laws and regulations, would not be able to maintain their Title IV eligibility without assisting in the repayment of the first institution’s Title IV obligations. As a result, even though DeVry Group’s Title IV institutions are operated through independent entities, an enforcement action against one of our institutions could also have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of DeVry Group’s other institutions and for DeVry Group as a whole, and could result in the imposition of significant restrictions on the ability for DeVry Group’s other institutions and for DeVry Group to operate. The timing or final outcome of the DeVry University program review, or its possible impact on the business, financial condition or results of operations of DeVry University or DeVry Group cannot be predicted at this time.

 

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In conjunction with its program review of RUSM, ED issued a cease and desist letter for funding students enrolled in a fifth semester course offered at two U.S. sites. The order has the potential to impact the continued Title IV eligibility for anyone who took the course during the period from July 2011 through September 2014. RUSM provided a response to ED, clarifying the nature of the fifth semester course and resumed Title IV funding for all of its students. ED subsequently issued a Program Review Report containing a single finding which relates to the fifth semester course offered at two U.S. sites. RUSM has not responded to the report and intends to continue to dispute the allegations in the finding. Should ED assess liabilities related to this finding, management estimates its maximum liability would not materially adversely affect its business, financial conditions and/or operation results.

 

On August 28, 2015, DeVry University received a request for documents and information regarding published employment outcomes and relative earnings information of DeVry University graduates from the Multi-Regional and Foreign School Participation Division of the Federal Student Aid office of ED (“ED FSA”). The stated purpose of the request was to permit ED FSA to assess DeVry University's compliance with applicable regulations under Title IV. On January 27, 2016, DeVry University received a Notice of Intent to Limit from ED FSA (the “January 2016 Notice”) based on a portion of its pending August 28, 2015 inquiry, informing DeVry University of ED FSA’s intention to impose certain limitations on the participation of DeVry University in programs authorized pursuant to Title IV. The proposed limitations relate to representations in advertising and marketing, regarding the post-graduation employment outcomes of DeVry University students over a period from 1975 to October 1980 (the “Since 1975 Representation”). DeVry University has requested a hearing on ED’s decision, and will collaborate closely with ED to demonstrate DeVry University’s compliance and resolve this matter satisfactorily. In the event DeVry University is unable to demonstrate its compliance or otherwise resolve this matter satisfactorily, the January 2016 Notice would become effective, thus requiring, among other things, DeVry University to cease its Since 1975 Representation, notify enrolled and prospective students that such representations were unsubstantiated under ED regulations, and take certain steps to substantiate future representations related to post-graduation employment outcomes. Additionally, DeVry University would be required to file a letter of credit with ED in an amount at least equal to 10% of the Title IV funds disbursed by DeVry University for its most recently completed fiscal year, which would reduce DeVry Group’s available credit under our revolving credit facility and/or unrestricted cash balances by an amount equal to the letter of credit. In such circumstances, DeVry University would also be required to disburse funds under either ED FSA’s cash monitoring or reimbursement payment method, the latter of which could result in delayed, potentially substantial, disbursement of Title IV funds. DeVry University also would be required to participate in the Title IV programs under provisional certification during which time it would be required to obtain prior ED approval to open a new location, add an educational program, or make any other substantive changes. Provisional certification status carries fewer due process protections than full certification. As a result, ED may withdraw an institution’s provisional certification more easily than if it is fully certified. Provisional certification does not otherwise limit access to Title IV program funds by students attending the institution. The timing or outcome of this matter, or its possible impact on the business, financial condition or results of operations of DeVry University or DeVry Group cannot be predicted at this time. The defense, resolution, or settlement of this matter, or any matter potentially under review arising from the August 28, 2015 inquiry, could require us to expend significant resources and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.

 

An ED regulation known as the “90/10 Rule” affects only proprietary postsecondary institutions, such as AUC, RUSM, RUSVM, Chamberlain, Carrington and DeVry University. Under this regulation, an institution that derives more than 90% of its revenue on a cash basis from Title IV student financial assistance programs in two consecutive years loses eligibility to participate in these programs for at least two fiscal years. The following table details the percentage of revenue on a cash basis from federal financial assistance programs for each of DeVry Group’s Title IV eligible institutions for fiscal years 2015 and 2014, respectively. Final data for fiscal year 2016 is not yet available.

 

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   Fiscal Year 
   2015   2014 
American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine   80%   81%
Ross University School of Medicine   80%   80%
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine   84%   85%
Chamberlain College of Nursing   65%   65%
Carrington College:          
California   76%   77%
Boise   70%   72%
Portland   76%   74%
Phoenix   80%   80%
DeVry University:          
Undergraduate   (1)   68%
Graduate   (1)   67%
Total   66%   68%

 

(1) During fiscal year 2015, DeVry University undergraduate and Keller Graduate School of Management began reporting under one Office of Postsecondary Education identification number (OPEID). As a result, there is no Undergraduate and Graduate breakout for DeVry University for fiscal year 2015 data.

 

Under the terms of DeVry Group institutions’ participation in financial aid programs, certain cash received from state governments and ED is maintained in restricted bank accounts. DeVry Group receives these funds either after the financial aid authorization and disbursement process for the benefit of the student is completed, or just prior to that authorization. Once the authorization and disbursement process for a particular student is completed, the funds may be transferred to unrestricted accounts and become available for DeVry Group to use in operations. This process generally occurs during the academic term for which such funds have been authorized. At June 30, 2016, cash in the amount of $7.2 million was held in restricted bank accounts, compared to $10.7 million at June 30, 2015.

 

A separate financial responsibility test for continued participation by an institution’s students in U.S. federal financial assistance programs, which pre-dates the program integrity regulations, is based upon a composite score of three ratios: an equity ratio that measures the institution’s capital resources; a primary reserve ratio that measures an institution’s ability to fund its operations from current resources; and a net income ratio that measures an institution’s ability to operate profitably. A minimum score of 1.5 is necessary to meet ED’s financial standards. Institutions with scores of less than 1.5 but greater than or equal to 1.0 are considered financially responsible, but require additional oversight. These schools are subject to cash monitoring and other participation requirements. An institution with a score less than 1.0 is considered not financially responsible. However, a school with a score less than 1.0 may continue to participate in the Title IV programs under provisional certification. In addition, this lower score typically requires that the school be subject to cash monitoring requirements and post a letter of credit (equal to a minimum of 10 percent of the Title IV aid it received in the institution's most recent fiscal year).

 

For the past several years, DeVry Group’s composite score has exceeded the required minimum of 1.5. Management believes it will continue to demonstrate the required level of financial stability. If DeVry Group were unable to meet requisite financial responsibility standards or otherwise demonstrate, within the regulations, its ability to continue to provide educational services, then DeVry Group could be subject to heightened cash monitoring or be required to post a letter of credit to enable its students to continue to participate in federal financial assistance programs.

 

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Cash Provided by Operating Activities

 

The following table provides a summary of cash flows from continuing operations during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):

 

   For the Year Ended June 30, 
   2016   2015 
Net (Loss) Income from Continuing Operations  $(2,756)  $135,123 
Non-cash Items   303,071    209,999 
Changes in Assets and Liabilities, Net of Effects from Acquisition and Divestiture of Components   (68,746)   (141,855)
Total Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities-Continuing Operations  $231,569   $203,267 

 

Cash generated from continuing operations in fiscal year 2016 was $231.6 million, compared to $203.3 million in the prior year. The increase in cash provided by operating activities-continuing operations was partially driven by an increase of $8.0 million in net income from continuing operations before non-cash asset impairment charges in fiscal year 2016, compared to the prior year. The decrease in non-cash items besides the asset impairment charges in fiscal year 2016 as compared to the prior year was primarily the result of a decrease in deferred income tax expense. In addition, depreciation expense was lower in fiscal year 2016 due to the cumulative effect of lower levels of capital investment activity in previous years along with the cumulative effect of restructuring asset write-offs over the past several years.

 

Changes from June 30, 2015, in Assets and Liabilities, Net of Effects from Acquisition and Divestiture of Businesses consisted of the following:

 

·The increase in cash flows in fiscal year 2016 due to changes in net prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses was $44.1 million more than the year-ago period driven by overall cost reductions and the timing of the period-end relative to DeVry Group’s payroll and bill payment cycles.

 

·The increase in cash flows in fiscal year 2016 due to changes in combined restricted cash, accounts receivable (excluding the provisions for refunds and uncollectible accounts) and deferred revenue was $29.0 million more than the year-ago period. The main driver of this change was a decrease in restricted cash and an increase in deferred revenue.

 

Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

Capital expenditures in fiscal year 2016 were $69.4 million compared to $88.7 million in the prior year. DeVry Group continues to invest capital for the new Chamberlain and DeVry Brasil campuses and improving and expanding existing facilities within DMI, along with spending on facility consolidations at DeVry University.

 

Capital spending for fiscal year 2017 will support continued investment at RUSM and RUSVM; and facility improvements for Chamberlain and DeVry Brasil. Management anticipates full year fiscal year 2017 capital spending to be in the $80 million range.

 

During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group sold the DeVry University Kansas City, Missouri campus. Net proceeds from this sale were $5.8 million which resulted in a $3.2 gain on the sale.

 

During the third quarter of fiscal year 2016, DeVry Group sold the DeVry University Fremont, California campus and student housing facilities. Net proceeds from this sale were $24.8 million which resulted in a $3.8 gain on the sale. DeVry University currently leases a small portion of the campus facility where it may continue to operate until June 2017. The student housing facility was leased by DeVry University until June 30, 2016.

 

On June 1, 2016, DeVry Brasil completed the acquisition of Facimp. Facimp is headquartered in Imperatriz, Maranhao. Facimp currently serves nearly 2,000 undergraduate students in 11 programs including business, law, nursing, pharmacy and dentistry. This acquisition continues the process of expanding DeVry Group’s presence in Brazil. Under the terms of the agreement, DeVry Brasil agreed to pay approximately $6.3 million in cash, in exchange for the stock of Facimp. Approximately $3.5 million was paid in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016, with remaining amounts to be paid over the succeeding four years.

 

On December 15, 2015, DeVry Brasil completed the acquisition of Grupo Ibmec. Grupo Ibmec is headquartered in São Paulo and operates campuses located in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia and Belo Horizonte, and operates under the name Metrocamp in Campinas. A nationally recognized educational institution, Grupo Ibmec has been widely-known for its academic excellence for more than 40 years and currently serves nearly 15,000 undergraduate and graduate students onsite and online throughout Brazil. This acquisition continues the process of expanding DeVry Group’s presence in Brazil. Under the terms of the agreement, DeVry Brasil agreed to pay approximately $191.0 million in cash, in exchange for the stock of Grupo Ibmec. The majority of payments were made in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, with payments of approximately $10.5 million required over the succeeding six years.

 

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During the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, the noncontrolling interest owners of DeVry Brasil exercised their option to put a portion of their DeVry Brasil stock to DeVry Group. Based on the formula established for the value of this put option, DeVry Group paid $3.1 million for an additional 1.6% ownership interest in DeVry Brasil. The members of the noncontrolling interest group maintain a 2.1% ownership interest in DeVry Brasil. Since July 1, 2015, DeVry Group has the right to exercise a call option and purchase any remaining DeVry Brasil stock from the noncontrolling interest group. Likewise, this group has the right to exercise a put option and sell its remaining ownership interest in DeVry Brasil to DeVry Group.

 

Cash Used in Financing Activities

 

DeVry Group’s consolidated cash balances of $308.2 million at June 30, 2016, included approximately $95.3 million of cash attributable to DeVry Group’s international operations. It is DeVry Group’s intention to indefinitely reinvest this cash and subsequent earnings and cash flow to improve and expand facilities and operations of its international schools and pursue future business opportunities outside the U.S. Therefore, cash held by international operations will not be available for domestic general corporate purposes. Management does not believe that this policy will adversely affect DeVry Group’s overall liquidity. Should it be necessary to repatriate the international cash balances to the U.S., the repatriated cash would be subject to taxation at U.S. tax rates.

 

Historically, DeVry Group has produced positive domestic cash flows from operating activities sufficient to fund the delivery of its domestic educational programs and services as well as to fund capital investment and other activities including share repurchases and dividend payments. In addition, DeVry Group maintains a $400 million revolving line of credit which can be expanded to $550 million subject to bank approval. For fiscal year 2016, cash flows from domestic operating activities were approximately $168.3 million which when added to DeVry Group’s beginning of the year domestic cash balances, was sufficient to fund $38.5 million of domestic capital investment, repurchase $32.6 million in common stock and pay dividends of $23.0 million in addition to funding other investment and financing activities.

 

Management believes that current balances of unrestricted cash, cash generated from operations and the revolving credit facility will be sufficient to fund both DeVry Group’s current domestic and international operations and growth plans, and current share repurchase program, for the foreseeable future unless future significant investment opportunities should arise.

 

Revolving Credit Facility

 

DeVry Group entered into a revolving credit facility on March 31, 2015 which expires on March 31, 2020. The Credit Agreement provides for a multi-currency revolving credit facility in the amount of $400 million (the “Aggregate Commitment”) with availability in currencies other than U.S. dollars of up to $200 million. Up to $50 million of the Aggregate Commitment is available for letters of credit. Subject to certain conditions set forth in the Credit Agreement, the Aggregate Commitment may be increased up to $550 million. DeVry Group may select interest rates for borrowings under the Credit Agreement equal to LIBOR or a LIBOR-equivalent rate for Eurocurrency Rate Loans or a base rate, plus an applicable rate based on DeVry Group’s consolidated leverage ratio, as defined in the Credit Agreement. The applicable rate ranges from 2% to 3% for Eurocurrency Rate Loans and from 1% to 2% for Base Rate Loans. There are no required principal payments under this revolving credit agreement and all borrowings and letters of credit mature on March 31, 2020. As a result of the agreement extending beyond one year, any borrowings would be classified as long-term with the exception of amounts expected to be repaid in the 12 months subsequent to the balance sheet date. DeVry Group letters of credit outstanding under this agreement were $0.1 million as of each of June 30, 2016 and 2015. As of June 30, 2016, DeVry Group is charged an annual fee equal to 2.0% of the undrawn face amount of the outstanding letters of credit under the agreement, payable quarterly. The agreement also requires payment of a commitment fee equal to 0.35% of the undrawn portion of the credit facility as of June 30, 2016. The interest rate, letter of credit fees and commitment fees are adjustable quarterly, based upon DeVry Group’s achievement of certain financial ratios.

 

As of June 30, 2016, there were no borrowings under this agreement; however, on July 1, 2016, DeVry Group borrowed $175 million under its revolving credit facility to fund the acquisition of Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists (“ACAMS”) (see “Note 17: Subsequent Event” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K).

 

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The revolving credit agreement contains covenants that, among other things, require maintenance of certain financial ratios, as defined in the agreement. Maintenance of these financial ratios could place restrictions on DeVry Group’s ability to pay dividends. These financial ratios include a consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio, a consolidated leverage ratio and a U.S. Department of Education financial responsibility ratio based upon a composite score of an equity ratio, a primary reserve ratio and a net income ratio. Failure to maintain any of these ratios or to comply with other covenants contained in the agreement will constitute an event of default and could result in termination of the agreement and require payment of all outstanding borrowings and replacement of outstanding letters of credit. DeVry Group was in compliance with the debt covenants as of June 30, 2016.

 

  DeVry Education Group Inc.
Borrowing Limit  $400 million, with options to increase to $550 million
Interest Rate  At DeVry Group's discretion, either the Base Rate rate plus 1.0% - 2.0%, or a LIBOR or LIBOR-Equivalent Eurocurrency rate plus 2.0% - 3.0%, depending upon the achievement of certain financial ratios.
Maturity March 31, 2020
Outstanding Borrowings at June 30, 2016 $0
Interest Rate at June 30, 2016 N/A
Outstanding Letters of Credit at June 30, 2016 $0.1 million

 

Other Contractual Arrangements

 

DeVry Group’s long-term contractual obligations consist of its $400 million revolving line of credit (discussed above), operating leases on facilities and equipment and agreements for various services.

 

In addition, DeVry Group has recorded liabilities for deferred purchase price agreements with sellers related to the acquisitions of Facid, FMF, Faci, Damasio, Grupo Ibmec and Facimp (see “Note 8: Business Combinations” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for a discussion of the FMF, Faci, Damasio, Grupo Ibmec and Facimp acquisitions). This financing is in the form of holdbacks of a portion of the purchase price of these acquisitions or installment payments. Payments are made under these agreements based on payment schedules or the resolution of any pre-acquisition contingencies.

 

DeVry Group is not a party to any off-balance sheet financing or contingent payment arrangements, nor are there any unconsolidated subsidiaries. DeVry Group has not extended any loans to any officer, director or other affiliated person. DeVry Group has not entered into any synthetic leases, and there are no residual purchase or value commitments related to any facility lease. DeVry Group did not enter into any derivatives, swaps, futures contracts, calls, hedges or non-exchange traded contracts during fiscal year 2016. DeVry Group had no open derivative positions at June 30, 2016.

 

       Due In 
       Less Than           After   All 
   Total   1 Year   1-3 Years   4-5 Years   5 Years   Other 
   (in thousands) 
Operating Leases  $627,609   $101,107   $174,356   $147,185   $204,961   $- 
Deferred Purchase Price Agreements   32,121    7,655    15,138    4,295    5,033    - 
Employment Agreements   1,640    367    632    641    -    - 
Uncertain Tax Positions   7,497    1,253    -    -    -    6,244 
Total Cash Obligation  $668,867   $110,382   $190,126   $152,121   $209,994   $6,244 

 

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements, see “Note 3: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

 

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ITEM 7A – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

DeVry Group is not dependent upon the price levels, nor affected by fluctuations in pricing, of any particular commodity or group of commodities. However, more than 50% of DeVry Group’s costs are in the form of wages and benefits. Changes in employment market conditions or escalations in employee benefit costs could cause DeVry Group to experience cost increases at levels beyond what it has historically experienced.

 

The financial position and results of operations of DMI’s St. Maarten, St. Kitts and Dominica operations are measured using the U.S. dollar as the functional currency. Substantially all of these financial transactions are denominated in the U.S. dollar.

 

The financial position and results of operations of DeVry Group’s investment in DeVry Brasil are measured using the Brazilian Real as the functional currency. DeVry Brasil has not entered into any material long-term contracts to purchase or sell goods and services, other than the lease agreements on teaching facilities and contingencies relating to prior acquisitions. Currently, DeVry Group does not have any foreign exchange contracts or derivative financial instruments designed to mitigate changes in the value of the Brazilian Real. Brazilian-based assets constitute approximately 27.8% of DeVry Group’s overall assets, and its Brazilian liabilities constitute approximately 16.4% of overall liabilities. The Brazilian Real has been volatile in relation to the U.S. dollar over the past 12 months, declining as much as 22% by December 2015, and recovering most of that loss by the end of fiscal year 2016. DeVry Group made investments in Brazil during the fiscal year, the largest of which was the purchase of Grupo Ibmec in December 2015 at one of the lowest exchange rates experienced during the year. Thus, although the value of the Brazilian Real was little changed in relation to the U.S. dollar at June 30, 2016, compared to the prior year, Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss declined by $34.6 million because of a translation adjustment gain experienced on the Grupo Ibmec investment. Based upon the current value of the net assets in DeVry Brasil’s operations, a change of $0.01 in the value of the Brazilian Real relative to the U.S. dollar results in a translation adjustment to Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss of approximately $15.8 million. The volatility in value of the Brazilian Real has also resulted in lower than expected U.S. translated revenue and operating income.

 

The interest rate on DeVry Group’s revolving credit facility is based upon LIBOR or a LIBOR-equivalent rate for Eurocurrency Rate Loans or a base rate for periods typically ranging from one to three months. Based upon borrowings of $50 million, a 100 basis point increase in short-term interest rates would result in approximately $0.5 million of additional annual interest expense. At June 30, 2016, DeVry Group had no outstanding borrowings under this facility.

 

DeVry Group’s customers are principally individual students enrolled in its various educational programs. Accordingly, concentration of accounts receivable credit risk is small relative to total revenue and accounts receivable. However, as discussed in “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in subsection “Liquidity and Capital Resources” of this Form 10-K, the DeVry Brasil FIES accounts receivable balance has increased to $67.1 million as of June 30, 2016. The FIES funding for calendar year 2015, accounts for $29.9 million of the total outstanding FIES balance. In January 2016, DeVry Brasil entered into a repayment agreement with the Brazilian government pursuant to which these 2015 funds will paid in annual installments over three years. The first annual installment of $7.2 million was received by DeVry Brasil on July 1, 2016.

 

DeVry Group’s cash is held in accounts at various large, financially secure depository institutions. Although the amount on deposit at a given institution typically will exceed amounts subject to guarantee, DeVry Group has not experienced any deposit losses to date, nor does management expect to incur such losses in the future.

 

ITEM 8 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The following financial statements and supplemental schedules of DeVry Group and its subsidiaries are included below on pages 96 through 138 of this report:

 

    10-K
Report Page
Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2016 and 2015   96
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) for the years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014   97
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014   98
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014   99
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended June 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014   100
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   101
Schedule II 1 — Valuation and Qualifying Accounts and Reserves   137
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   138

 

1 Schedules other than the one listed above are omitted for the reason that they are not required or are not applicable, or the required information is shown on the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

 94 

 

  

ITEM 9 – CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Principal Executive and Principal Financial Officer Certificates

 

The required compliance certificates signed by the DeVry Group’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer are included as Exhibits 31 and 32 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to help ensure that all the information required to be disclosed in DeVry Group’s reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the applicable rules and forms.

 

DeVry Group’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded, based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, that DeVry Group’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act) are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that DeVry Group files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to DeVry Group’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

The management of DeVry Group is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined by Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

As of June 30, 2016, DeVry Group’s management has assessed the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting, using the criteria specified by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission’s 2013 report Internal Control — Integrated Framework. Based upon this assessment, DeVry Group concluded that as of June 30, 2016, its internal control over financial reporting was effective based upon these criteria.

 

The effectiveness of DeVry Group’s internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2016 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which appears herein.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, DeVry Group’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B – OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

 95 

 

 

DEVRY EDUCATION GROUP INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   June 30, 
   2016   2015 
   (in thousands, except share 
   and par value amounts) 
ASSETS:          
Current Assets:          
Cash and Cash Equivalents  $308,164   $353,022 
Marketable Securities and Investments   3,609    3,579 
Restricted Cash   7,183    10,743 
Accounts Receivable, Net   162,389    139,163 
Prepaid Expenses and Other   36,760    53,092 
Total Current Assets   518,105    559,599 
Land, Building and Equipment:          
Land   55,690    59,691 
Building   488,347    485,288 
Equipment   521,209    521,361 
Construction in Progress   22,560    26,664 
    1,087,806    1,093,004 
Accumulated Depreciation   (566,043)   (547,130)
Land, Building and Equipment, Net   521,763    545,874</