EX-99.1 2 q320earningsrelease991.htm EXHIBIT 99.1 Document

Exhibit 99.1
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3003 Tasman Drive, Santa Clara, CA 95054Contact:
www.svb.com    Meghan O'Leary
Investor Relations
For release at 1:00 P.M. (Pacific Time)    (408) 654-6364
October 22, 2020     
     
NASDAQ: SIVB     
SVB FINANCIAL GROUP ANNOUNCES 2020 THIRD QUARTER FINANCIAL RESULTS
Board of Directors declared a quarterly Series A Preferred Stock dividend
SANTA CLARA, Calif. — October 22, 2020 — SVB Financial Group (NASDAQ: SIVB) today announced financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020.
Consolidated net income available to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2020 was $441.7 million, or $8.47 per diluted common share, compared to $228.9 million, or $4.42 per diluted common share, for the second quarter of 2020 and $267.3 million, or $5.15 per diluted common share, for the third quarter of 2019. Consolidated net income available to common stockholders for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $802.9 million, or $15.46 per diluted common share, compared to $874.0 million, or $16.67 per diluted common share, for the comparable 2019 period.
“We had an exceptional quarter driven by outstanding balance sheet growth, higher core fee income, strong investment banking revenue, solid credit resulting in a reduction of reserves, and outsized equity gains related to client IPO activity," said Greg Becker, President and CEO of SVB Financial Group. "These results reflect the resilience of our markets and our ability to execute effectively. Further, we believe our strong capital and liquidity will enable us to continue supporting our clients throughout this period of economic uncertainty, while investing in our long-term growth and scalability."
Highlights of our third quarter 2020 results (compared to second quarter 2020, unless otherwise noted) included:
Average loans of $37.3 billion, an increase of $0.8 billion (or 2.2 percent).
Period-end loans of $38.4 billion, an increase of $1.7 billion (or 4.6 percent).
Average fixed income investment securities of $32.6 billion, an increase of $6.8 billion (or 26.2 percent).
Period-end fixed income investment securities of $38.9 billion, an increase of $7.6 billion (or 24.2 percent).
Average total client funds (on-balance sheet deposits and off-balance sheet client investment funds) increased $24.1 billion (or 13.6 percent) to $201.2 billion.
Period-end total client funds increased $21.1 billion (or 11.1 percent) to $211.6 billion.
Net interest income (fully taxable equivalent basis) of $531.7 million, an increase of $14.9 million (or 2.9 percent).
Provision for credit losses was a net benefit of $52.0 million, compared to a provision of $66.5 million.
Net loan charge-offs of $24.1 million, or 26 basis points of average total loans (annualized), compared to $11.0 million, or 12 basis points.
Net gains on investment securities of $189.8 million compared to $34.9 million. Non-GAAP net gains on investment securities, net of noncontrolling interests, were $162.1 million, compared to $20.5 million. (See non-GAAP reconciliation under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”)
Net gains on equity warrant assets of $53.8 million, compared to $26.5 million.
Noninterest income of $547.6 million, an increase of $178.7 million (or 48.5 percent). Non-GAAP core fee income increased $13.8 million (or 10.4 percent) to $146.3 million. Non-GAAP core fee income plus investment banking revenue and commissions decreased $36.2 million (or 12.4 percent) to $254.8 million. (See non-GAAP reconciliation under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”)
Included in third quarter 2020 results are revenues related to our investments in BigCommerce Holdings, Inc. ("BigCommerce") comprised of: (i) $108.4 million from unrealized gains on investment securities; (ii) $10.8 million from gains on equity warrant assets; and (iii) $30.0 million in gains included in other noninterest income. See Investment Securities section for details related to BigCommerce activity during the third quarter of 2020.



Noninterest expense of $491.0 million, an increase of $11.4 million (or 2.4 percent).
GAAP operating efficiency ratio of 45.66 percent, a decrease of 873 basis points. Non-GAAP core operating efficiency ratio of 56.86 percent, an increase of 116 basis points. (See non-GAAP reconciliation under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”)

Coronavirus Disease 2019 ("COVID-19") Pandemic Update

During the third quarter of 2020, we continued to manage through the COVID-19 pandemic, utilizing our business continuity plans to maintain client service while most of our employees and partners continue to work from home. We continue to support and engage with clients virtually, including the hosting of remote events designed to facilitate our response to the business needs of our clients within the innovation ecosystem. We also continued to successfully administer client support initiatives, such as those which allowed temporary payment deferrals and other relief provided through the Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP"). We continue to provide employees extended benefits, as well as practical support for working at home. Additionally, we continue to commit financial support for local, regional and global activities focused on health security, food security and shelter, and small business owner relief during this unprecedented time.






Third Quarter 2020 Summary
(Dollars in millions, except share data, employees and ratios)
Three months endedNine months ended
September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
March 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Income statement:
Diluted earnings per common share$8.47 $4.42 $2.55 $5.06 $5.15 $15.46 $16.67 
Net income available to common stockholders
441.7 228.9 132.3 262.9 267.3 802.9 874.0 
Net interest income527.7 512.9 524.1 533.7 520.6 1,564.8 1,562.9 
(Reduction) provision for credit losses(52.0)66.5 243.5 17.4 36.5 257.9 89.0 
Noninterest income 547.6 368.8 301.9 313.3 294.0 1,218.4 908.1 
Noninterest expense491.0 479.6 399.6 460.8 391.3 1,370.2 1,140.5 
Non-GAAP core fee income (1)
146.3 132.5 168.5 168.1 162.2 447.3 473.8 
Non-GAAP core fee income, plus investment banking revenue and commissions (1)
254.8 290.9 231.3 241.8 213.0 777.1 651.6 
Non-GAAP noninterest income, net of noncontrolling interests (1)
519.7 354.5 303.8 301.3 279.4 1,178.0 871.6 
Non-GAAP noninterest expense, net of noncontrolling interests (1)
490.9 479.5 399.4 460.6 391.2 1,369.9 1,139.8 
Fully taxable equivalent:
Net interest income (1) (2)$531.7 $516.8 $527.5 $536.8 $523.6 $1,576.0 $1,571.7 
Net interest margin2.53 %2.80 %3.12 %3.26 %3.34 %2.79 %3.60 %
Balance sheet:
Average total assets $88,348.4 $78,432.0 $72,407.2 $69,139.0 $65,327.7 $79,760.7 $61,214.1 
Average loans, amortized cost
37,318.6 36,512.2 33,660.7 32,008.9 29,822.4 35,835.9 29,211.0 
Average available-for-sale securities
20,026.9 12,784.3 13,565.9 12,640.5 10,600.4 15,475.7 8,572.3 
Average held-to-maturity securities
12,553.2 13,039.4 13,576.1 14,023.0 14,534.5 13,054.4 14,891.2 
Average noninterest-bearing demand deposits
51,543.9 46,086.9 41,336.0 39,627.7 39,146.2 46,341.3 38,499.0 
Average interest-bearing deposits26,136.1 21,829.4 20,472.2 20,549.8 18,088.8 22,824.7 14,832.4 
Average total deposits 77,680.0 67,916.4 61,808.2 60,177.5 57,235.0 69,166.1 53,331.3 
Average short-term borrowings15.3 618.1 969.9 18.8 22.0 532.5 186.9 
Average long-term debt843.3 489.6 348.0 651.7 697.1 561.3 696.8 
Period-end total assets 96,916.8 85,731.0 75,009.6 71,004.9 68,231.2 96,916.8 68,231.2 
Period-end loans, amortized cost
38,413.9 36,727.2 35,968.1 33,164.6 31,064.0 38,413.9 31,064.0 
Period-end available-for-sale securities
25,904.3 18,451.9 12,648.1 14,014.9 12,866.9 25,904.3 12,866.9 
Period-end held-to-maturity securities12,982.2 12,858.8 13,574.3 13,842.9 14,407.1 12,982.2 14,407.1 
Period-end non-marketable and other equity securities
1,547.4 1,270.6 1,200.6 1,213.8 1,150.1 1,547.4 1,150.1 
Period-end noninterest-bearing demand deposits
57,508.2 49,160.9 42,902.2 40,841.6 40,480.6 57,508.2 40,480.6 
Period-end interest-bearing deposits
27,264.8 25,344.9 19,009.8 20,916.2 19,062.3 27,264.8 19,062.3 
Period-end total deposits 84,773.0 74,505.8 61,912.0 61,757.8 59,542.9 84,773.0 59,542.9 
Period-end short-term borrowings19.1 50.9 3,138.2 17.4 18.9 19.1 18.9 
Period-end long-term debt843.4 843.2 348.1 348.0 697.2 843.4 697.2 
Off-balance sheet:
Average client investment funds
$123,563.6 $109,259.4 $103,590.8 $96,643.2 $92,824.9 $112,104.2 $89,963.6 
Period-end client investment funds
126,780.9 115,921.0 106,951.7 99,192.6 96,472.3 126,780.9 96,472.3 
Total unfunded credit commitments
30,329.8 28,127.2 24,668.3 24,521.9 22,274.4 30,329.8 22,274.4 
Earnings ratios:
Return on average assets (annualized) (3)
1.99 %1.17 %0.73 %1.51 %1.62 %1.34 %1.91 %
Return on average SVBFG common stockholders’ equity (annualized) (4)
24.19 13.36 8.17 17.03 18.27 15.56 21.16 
Asset quality ratios:
Allowance for credit losses for loans as a % of total loans (5)
1.34 %1.61 %1.53 %0.91 %0.97 %1.34 %0.97 %
Allowance for credit losses for performing loans as a % of total performing loans (5)
1.17 1.46 1.43 0.78 0.81 1.17 0.81 
Gross loan charge-offs as a % of average total loans (annualized) (5)
0.30 0.17 0.44 0.25 0.49 0.30 0.33 
Net loan charge-offs as a % of average total loans (annualized) (5)
0.26 0.12 0.35 0.18 0.44 0.24 0.26 
Other ratios:
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Operating efficiency ratio (6) 45.66 %54.39 %48.37 %54.40 %48.04 %49.23 %46.15 %
Non-GAAP core operating
   efficiency ratio (1)
56.86 55.70 47.71 53.78 48.05 53.41 46.09 
Total cost of deposits (annualized) (7)0.04 0.03 0.24 0.31 0.38 0.10 0.33 
SVBFG CET 1 risk-based capital ratio 12.31 12.63 12.35 12.58 12.71 12.31 12.71 
Bank CET 1 risk-based capital ratio10.76 11.08 10.90 11.12 11.48 10.76 11.48 
SVBFG total risk-based capital ratio 14.19 14.77 14.45 14.23 13.70 14.19 13.70 
Bank total risk-based capital ratio
11.76 12.28 12.04 11.96 12.36 11.76 12.36 
SVBFG tier 1 leverage ratio
8.26 8.68 9.00 9.06 8.64 8.26 8.64 
Bank tier 1 leverage ratio
6.45 6.91 7.21 7.30 7.48 6.45 7.48 
Period-end loans, amortized cost, to deposits ratio
45.31 49.29 58.10 53.70 52.17 45.31 52.17 
Average loans, amortized cost, to average deposits ratio
48.04 53.76 54.46 53.19 52.11 51.81 54.77 
Book value per common share (8)$143.91 $134.89 $130.02 $118.67 $114.26 $143.91 $114.26 
Other statistics:
Average full-time equivalent ("FTE") employees
4,216 3,855 3,672 3,522 3,413 3,914 3,309 
Period-end full-time equivalent ("FTE") employees
4,336 3,984 3,710 3,564 3,460 4,336 3,460 

(1)To supplement our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), we use certain non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to the most closely related GAAP measures is provided at the end of this release under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
(2)Interest income on non-taxable investments is presented on a fully taxable equivalent basis using the federal statutory income tax rate of 21.0 percent. The taxable equivalent adjustments were $4.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, $3.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, $3.4 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, $3.2 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2019 and $3.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.
(3)Ratio represents annualized consolidated net income available to common stockholders divided by average assets.
(4)Ratio represents annualized consolidated net income available to common stockholders divided by average SVB Financial Group ("SVBFG") common stockholders’ equity.
(5)For the three months ended September 30, 2020, June 30, 2020, and March 31, 2020, and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, loan amounts are disclosed, and ratios are calculated using the amortized cost basis for total loans as a result of the adoption of CECL. Prior period loan amounts are disclosed, and ratios were calculated, using the gross basis in accordance with previous methodology.
(6)Ratio is calculated by dividing noninterest expense by total net interest income plus noninterest income.
(7)Ratio represents annualized total cost of deposits and is calculated by dividing interest expense from deposits by average total deposits.
(8)Book value per common share is calculated by dividing total SVBFG common stockholders’ equity by total outstanding common shares.

Net Interest Income and Margin

Net interest income, on a fully taxable equivalent basis, was $531.7 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $516.8 million for the second quarter of 2020. The $14.9 million increase from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 was attributable primarily to the following:

An increase in interest income from loans of $3.9 million to $369.0 million for the third quarter of 2020 was due primarily to a $6.4 million increase in loan interest reflective of $0.8 billion in average loan growth driven primarily by increased loan utilization and a $3.3 million increase in loan income due to one additional day in the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the second quarter of 2020, partially offset by a $6.0 million decrease from lower gross loan yields.
Overall loan yields decreased nine basis points to 3.93 percent, reflective primarily of a shift in the mix of our total loan portfolio into our lower yielding Global Fund Banking (formerly Private Equity/Venture Capital) and private bank loan portfolios as well as lower LIBOR re-pricing rates. Also included in the overall loan yield decrease for the third quarter of 2020 was four basis points attributable to our PPP loan portfolio.
An increase of $15.5 million in interest income from our fixed income investment securities reflective primarily of a $6.8 billion increase in average fixed income securities, partially offset by a decrease in yields reflective of higher prepayments on mortgage-backed securities resulting in higher premium amortization and lower reinvestment rates for the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter. The overall increase in interest income was partially offset by,
A $4.8 million increase in interest expense driven primarily by a $2.5 million increase of interest paid on our interest-bearing deposits driven by growth in our average interest-bearing deposits of $4.3 billion and a $2.3 million increase in interest expense on borrowings due to the full quarter impact of interest for our 3.125% Senior Notes issued towards the end of the second quarter of 2020.
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Net interest margin, on a fully taxable equivalent basis, was 2.53 percent for the third quarter of 2020, compared to 2.80 percent for the second quarter of 2020. The 27 basis point decrease in our net interest margin was due primarily to a 19 basis point decrease attributable to overall balance sheet growth resulting in a shift in the mix of interest earning assets comprised of a decrease in higher yielding loans and an increase in lower yielding cash and investments as a percentage of total interest earning assets, a seven basis point decrease from lower yields on our fixed income portfolio as discussed above and a one basis point decrease driven by the impact of lower LIBOR rates upon re-pricing of LIBOR-based loans during the third quarter of 2020.
For the third quarter of 2020, approximately 91 percent, or $34.0 billion, of our average loans were variable-rate loans that adjust at prescribed measurement dates. Of our variable-rate loans, approximately 63 percent are tied to prime-lending rates and 37 percent are tied to LIBOR.
Investment Securities

Our investment securities portfolio is comprised of: (i) our available-for-sale ("AFS") and held-to-maturity ("HTM") securities portfolios, each consisting of fixed income investments which are managed to earn an appropriate portfolio yield over the long-term while maintaining sufficient liquidity and addressing our asset/liability management objectives; and (ii) our non-marketable and other equity securities portfolio, which represents investments managed as part of our funds management business as well as public equity securities held as a result of equity warrant assets exercised. Our total average fixed income investment securities portfolio increased $6.8 billion, or 26.2 percent, to $32.6 billion for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. Our total period-end fixed income investment securities portfolio increased $7.6 billion, or 24.2 percent, to $38.9 billion at September 30, 2020. The weighted-average duration of our fixed income investment securities portfolio was 4.1 years at September 30, 2020 and 3.4 years at June 30, 2020. Our period-end non-marketable and other equity securities portfolio increased $0.3 billion to $1.5 billion ($1.4 billion net of noncontrolling interests) at September 30, 2020.

Available-for-Sale Securities

Average AFS securities were $20.0 billion for the third quarter of 2020 compared to $12.8 billion for the second quarter of 2020. Period-end AFS securities were $25.9 billion at September 30, 2020 compared to $18.5 billion at June 30, 2020. The increases in average and period-end AFS security balances from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 was driven by purchases of $8.5 billion of AFS securities during the quarter, offset by paydowns and maturities of $1.1 billion. The weighted-average duration of our AFS securities portfolio was 4.2 years at September 30, 2020 and 3.6 years at June 30, 2020.

Held-to-Maturity Securities

Average HTM securities were $12.6 billion for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $13.0 billion for the second quarter of 2020. Period-end HTM securities were $13.0 billion at September 30, 2020 compared to $12.9 billion at June 30, 2020. The decrease in average, and marginal increase in period-end, HTM security balances from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 was reflective primarily of $1.3 billion in portfolio paydowns and maturities, partially offset by purchases $1.4 billion during the end of the third quarter. The weighted-average duration of our HTM securities portfolio was 3.8 years at September 30, 2020 and 3.2 years at June 30, 2020.

Non-Marketable and Other Equity Securities

Our non-marketable and other equity securities portfolio increased $276.8 million to $1.5 billion ($1.4 billion net of noncontrolling interests) at September 30, 2020, compared to $1.3 billion ($1.1 billion net of noncontrolling interests) at June 30, 2020. The increase was attributable primarily to the increase in other equity securities in public companies of $184.0 million, driven by BigCommerce, as well as $54.0 million increase in venture capital and private equity fund investments driven by an increase in valuations, and $27.8 million of net new investments within our qualified housing projects portfolio. Reconciliations of our non-GAAP non-marketable and other equity securities, net of noncontrolling interests, are provided under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

Investment in BigCommerce Holdings, Inc.

As of September 30, 2020 we held approximately 2.8 million shares of common stock in BigCommerce comprised of: (i) common stock issued pursuant to our exercise of certain warrants ("Warrant Shares"), and (ii) common stock acquired through debt conversion. With respect to these securities and transactions, during the three months ending
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September 30, 2020, we recognized a $30.0 million gain upon the exercise and conversion of the convertible debt option (included in other noninterest income), a $10.8 million warrant gain from the exercise and conversion of our warrants, and a $108.4 million unrealized investment gain on the quarter-end valuation of equity shares at a price of $83.30.
Gains (or losses) related to our equity securities in public companies such as BigCommerce are based on valuation changes or the sale of any securities, and are subject to such companies' stock price, which are subject to market conditions and various other factors. Additionally, the public equity investment expected gains and losses, and the extent to which such gains (or losses) will become realized is subject to a variety of factors, including among other factors, changes in prevailing market prices and the timing of any sales of securities, which are subject to our securities sales and governance process as well as certain sales restrictions (e.g. lock-up agreements). The lock-up agreement for common stock shares held in BigCommerce is scheduled to expire during February 2021.

Loans

Average loans increased by $0.8 billion to $37.3 billion for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $36.5 billion for the second quarter of 2020. Period-end loans increased by $1.7 billion to $38.4 billion at September 30, 2020, compared to $36.7 billion at June 30, 2020. Average and period-end loan growth came primarily from our Global Fund Banking (formerly Private Equity/Venture Capital) and our Private Bank portfolios.
Loans (individually or in the aggregate) to any single client, equal to or greater than $20 million increased to $19.9 billion or 51.8 percent of total loans at September 30, 2020, as compared to $18.8 billion or 51.2 percent of total loans at June 30, 2020. Further details are provided under the section “Loan Concentrations."
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Credit Quality
The following table provides a summary of our allowance for credit losses for loans, unfunded credit commitments and for HTM securities:
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands, except ratios)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Allowance for credit losses for loans, beginning balance$589,828 $548,963 $301,888 $304,924 $280,903 
Day one impact of adopting CECL— — — 25,464 — 
(Reduction) provision for loans(54,106)51,899 35,985 246,694 80,954 
Gross loan charge-offs(28,449)(15,055)(36,820)(80,400)(72,255)
Loan recoveries4,354 4,073 3,888 16,182 15,133 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
1,331 (52)(531)94 (325)
Allowance for credit losses for loans, ending balance
$512,958 $589,828 $304,410 $512,958 $304,410 
Allowance for credit losses for unfunded credit commitments, beginning balance
99,294 84,690 62,664 67,656 55,183 
Day one impact of adopting CECL— — — 22,826 — 
Provision for unfunded credit commitments2,019 14,590 551 11,132 8,079 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
202 14 (107)(99)(154)
Allowance for credit losses for unfunded credit commitments, ending balance (1)
$101,515 $99,294 $63,108 $101,515 $63,108 
Allowance for credit losses for HTM securities, beginning balance222 230 — — — 
Day one impact of adopting CECL— — — 174 — 
Provision for (reduction) HTM securities69 (8)— 117 — 
Allowance for credit losses for HTM securities, ending balance (2)$291 $222 $— $291 $— 
Ratios and other information:
(Reduction) provision for loans as a percentage of period-end total loans (annualized) (3)(0.56)%0.57 %0.46 %0.86 %0.35 %
Gross loan charge-offs as a percentage of average total loans (annualized) (3)
0.30 0.17 0.49 0.30 0.33 
Net loan charge-offs as a percentage of average total loans (annualized) (3)
0.26 0.12 0.44 0.24 0.26 
Allowance for credit losses for loans as a percentage of period-end total loans (3)
1.34 1.61 0.97 1.34 0.97 
(Reduction) provision for credit losses$(52,018)$66,481 $36,536 $257,943 $89,033 
Period-end total loans (3)38,413,891 36,727,222 31,229,003 38,413,891 31,229,003 
Average total loans (3)37,318,600 36,512,159 29,979,522 35,835,927 29,373,264 
Allowance for credit losses for nonaccrual loans64,479 54,383 53,728 64,479 53,728 
Nonaccrual loans (3) 105,711 94,326 104,045 105,711 104,045 

(1)The “allowance for credit losses for unfunded credit commitments” is included as a component of “other liabilities.”
(2)The "allowance for credit losses for HTM securities" is included as a component of HTM securities and presented net in our consolidated financial statements.
(3)For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020, and the nine months ended September 30, 2020, loan amounts are disclosed, and ratios are calculated, using the amortized cost basis as a result of the adoption of CECL. Prior period loan amounts are disclosed, and ratios are calculated, using the gross basis in accordance with previous methodology.
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Our allowance for credit losses for loans decreased $76.8 million to $513.0 million at September 30, 2020, compared to $589.8 million at June 30, 2020. The $76.8 decrease was due primarily to a decrease of $82.4 million related to the reduction of expected credit losses for our performing loan reserves reflective of improved economic scenarios in our forecast models as well as strong credit performance from our Private Bank portfolio segment and a $4.6 million decrease related to changes in loan composition within our portfolio segments, partially offset by an increase of $10.1 million in reserves for nonaccrual loans. As a percentage of total loans, our allowance for credit losses for loans decreased 27 basis points to 1.34 percent at September 30, 2020, compared to 1.61 percent at June 30, 2020. The 27 basis point decrease, due primarily to the factors described above, was driven by a 29 basis point decrease for our performing loans reserve as a percentage of total loans, partially offset by a 2 basis point increase for our nonaccrual individually assessed loans.
The net benefit to our provision for credit losses was $52.0 million for the third quarter of 2020, consisting primarily of the following:
A reduction of our credit loss estimate for loans of $54.1 million, driven primarily by an $82.4 million reduction in reserves for our performing loans reflective of improved economic scenarios in our forecast models as well as strong credit performance from our Private Bank portfolio segment, a $4.6 million decrease related to changes in loan composition within our portfolio segments and $4.4 million of recoveries. These decreases were partially offset by $23.3 million for net new nonaccrual loans and $15.2 million for charge-offs not specifically reserved for at June 30, 2020; and
A provision for credit losses for unfunded credit commitments of $2.0 million, driven primarily by the forecast models of the current economic environment as well as changes in the unfunded credit commitments composition within our portfolio segments.

Gross loan charge-offs were $28.4 million for the third quarter of 2020, of which $15.2 million was not specifically reserved for at June 30, 2020. Gross loan charge-offs were primarily driven by $23.5 million charge-offs for our Investor Dependent clients.
Nonaccrual loans were $105.7 million at September 30, 2020, compared to $94.3 million at June 30, 2020. Our nonaccrual loan balance increased $11.4 million primarily driven by new nonaccrual loans of $70.0 million, partially offset by $38.7 million in repayments and $19.9 million in charge-offs. New nonaccrual loans were primarily driven by $45.1 million for four Investor Dependent clients. Repayments were primarily driven by clients in our Balance Sheet Dependent and Investor Dependent loan portfolios. Nonaccrual loans as a percentage of total loans increased to 0.28 percent for the third quarter of 2020 compared to 0.26 percent for the second quarter of 2020.
The allowance for credit losses for nonaccrual loans increased $10.1 million to $64.5 million in the third quarter of 2020. The increase was due primarily to $35.9 million in reserves for new nonaccrual loans as noted above, partially offset by $16.3 million in charge-offs and $9.5 million in repayments. New nonaccrual reserves were primarily driven by reserves of $21.9 million for three Investor Dependent clients and $4.4 million for one Cash Flow Dependent client. Charge-offs were primarily driven by clients in our Investor Dependent loan portfolio.
Client Funds
Our total client funds consist of both on-balance sheet deposits and off-balance sheet client investment funds. The following tables provide a summary of our average and period-end deposits and client investment funds:

Average Total Client Funds (1)
Average balances for the
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in millions)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Interest-bearing deposits$26,136 $21,829 $18,089 $22,825 $14,832 
Noninterest bearing demand deposits51,544 46,087 39,146 46,341 38,499 
Total average deposits$77,680 $67,916 $57,235 $69,166 $53,331 
Sweep money market funds$54,495 $47,561 $40,321 $48,367 $40,048 
Client investment assets under management (2)59,338 51,801 42,834 53,928 40,969 
Repurchase agreements9,731 9,897 9,670 9,809 8,947 
Total average client investment funds$123,564 $109,259 $92,825 $112,104 $89,964 
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Period-end Total Client Funds (1)
 Period-end balances at
(Dollars in millions)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
March 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
September 30,
2019
Interest-bearing deposits$27,265 $25,345 $19,010 $20,916 $19,062 
Noninterest-bearing demand deposits57,508 49,161 42,902 40,842 40,481 
Total period-end deposits$84,773 $74,506 $61,912 $61,758 $59,543 
Sweep money market funds$56,395 $49,388 $44,833 $43,226 $42,022 
Client investment assets under management (2)60,773 56,023 51,020 46,904 44,886 
Repurchase agreements9,613 10,510 11,099 9,062 9,564 
Total period-end client investment funds$126,781 $115,921 $106,952 $99,192 $96,472 

(1)Off-Balance sheet client investment funds are maintained at third-party financial institutions.
(2)These funds represent investments in third-party money market mutual funds and fixed income securities managed by SVB Asset Management.

The increases in our average and period-end total client funds from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 reflect growth in both on-balance sheet deposits and off-balance sheet client investments. The primary contributors of this growth came from our life science/healthcare and technology portfolios driven by strong public and private fundraising activity as well as from clients conserving cash.
In addition, during the third quarter, we saw growth in our average on-balance sheet deposits across all portfolios, driven primarily by strong public and private fundraising as well as from clients conserving cash. The growth was split between interest-bearing and noninterest-bearing deposits.
Noninterest Income
Noninterest income was $547.6 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $368.8 million for the second quarter of 2020. Non-GAAP noninterest income, net of noncontrolling interests, was $519.7 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $354.5 million for the second quarter of 2020. (See reconciliations of non-GAAP measures used under the section "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.")
The increase was attributable primarily to increased gains on investment securities, equity warrant assets and other noninterest income driven by BigCommerce loan conversion options activity, partially offset by lower investment banking revenue. Items impacting noninterest income for the third quarter of 2020 were as follows:

Net gains on investment securities
Net gains on investment securities were $189.8 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $34.9 million for the second quarter of 2020. The following tables provide a summary of non-GAAP net gains (losses) on investment securities, net of noncontrolling interests, for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020, respectively:
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 Three months ended September 30, 2020
(Dollars in thousands)Managed
Funds of Funds
Managed Direct Venture FundsPublic Equity SecuritiesSales of AFS Debt SecuritiesDebt 
Funds
Strategic
and Other
Investments
SVB LeerinkTotal
GAAP gains on investment securities, net$42,885 $14,775 $108,417 $— $15 $18,426 $5,319 $189,837 
Less: income attributable to noncontrolling interests, including carried interest allocation19,832 7,492 — — — — 461 27,785 
Non-GAAP gains on investment securities, net of noncontrolling interests$23,053 $7,283 $108,417 $— $15 $18,426 $4,858 $162,052 
 Three months ended June 30, 2020
(Dollars in thousands)Managed
Funds of Funds
Managed Direct Venture FundsPublic Equity SecuritiesSales of AFS Debt SecuritiesDebt 
Funds
Strategic
and Other
Investments
SVB LeerinkTotal
GAAP gains (losses) on investment securities, net
$13,347 $14,743 $8,533 $— $94 $(4,919)$3,070 $34,868 
Less: income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests, including carried interest allocation
6,818 7,576 — — — — (66)14,328 
Non-GAAP gains (losses) on investment securities, net of noncontrolling interests
$6,529 $7,167 $8,533 $— $94 $(4,919)$3,136 $20,540 

Non-GAAP net gains, net of noncontrolling interests, of $162.1 million for the third quarter of 2020 were driven by the following:
Gains of $108.4 million from our public equity securities investments, driven primarily by our previously announced investments in BigCommerce, which completed its IPO in August 2020,
Gains of $23.1 million from our managed funds of funds portfolio related primarily to unrealized valuation gains, and
Gains of $18.4 million from our strategic and other investments, primarily driven by net valuation increase in our strategic venture capital funds.

Net gains on equity warrant assets
The following table provides a summary of our net gains on equity warrant assets:
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Equity warrant assets:
Gains on exercises, net
$23,940 $9,435 $30,047 $59,370 $90,357 
Terminations
(361)(439)(481)(1,332)(2,931)
Changes in fair value, net
30,187 17,510 7,995 35,629 19,787 
Total net gains on equity warrant assets$53,766 $26,506 $37,561 $93,667 $107,213 
Net gains on equity warrant assets for the third quarter of 2020 were attributable to $30.2 million of net valuation increases from our private company portfolio and net gains from exercises of $23.9 million driven by strong gains from IPO and M&A activity, which included $10.8 million from our exercised warrant positions in BigCommerce.
At September 30, 2020, we held warrants in 2,503 companies with a total fair value of $202.2 million. Warrants in 28 companies each had fair values greater than $1.0 million and collectively represented $83.0 million, or 41.1 percent, of the fair value of the total warrant portfolio at September 30, 2020. 
The gains (or losses) from investment securities from our non-marketable and other equity securities portfolio as well as our equity warrant assets resulting from changes in valuations (fair values) are currently unrealized, and the extent to which such gains (or losses) will become realized is subject to a variety of factors, including, among other things, performance of the underlying portfolio companies, investor demand for IPOs, fluctuations in the underlying
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valuation of these companies, levels of M&A activity and legal and contractual restrictions on our ability to sell the underlying securities.  
Non-GAAP core fee income plus investment banking revenue and commissions
The following table provides a summary of our non-GAAP core fee income:
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Non-GAAP core fee income:
Client investment fees
$31,914 $31,885 $46,679 $107,192 $136,905 
Foreign exchange fees
43,881 36,256 40,309 127,642 116,863 
Credit card fees
22,756 21,288 30,158 72,348 86,431 
Deposit service charges
22,015 20,511 22,482 67,115 65,496 
Lending related fees
13,562 11,164 11,707 37,851 36,857 
Letters of credit and standby letters of credit fees
12,192 11,421 10,842 35,155 31,205 
Total Non-GAAP core fee income$146,320 $132,525 $162,177 $447,303 $473,757 
Investment banking revenue
92,181 141,503 38,516 280,551 137,005 
Commissions
16,257 16,918 12,275 49,197 40,812 
Total Non-GAAP core fee income plus investment banking revenue and commissions$254,758 $290,946 $212,968 $777,051 $651,574 

Non-GAAP core fee income increased from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 reflective of an increase in foreign exchange fees, lending related fees, and deposit service charges. Foreign exchange fees increased $7.6 million driven by increased trade volumes driven primarily by private equity deal activity coupled with increased hedging activity. Lending related fees increased $2.4 million due to increases in fees earned from unused lines of credit and syndication fee income. Deposit service charges increased due to strong deposit growth and higher transaction volumes.
Non-GAAP core fee income plus investment banking revenue and commissions decreased from the second quarter of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020 reflective of SVB Leerink's robust performance in the second quarter of 2020. Investment banking revenue was $92.2 million, driven by $89.5 million from public equity capital raising for the third quarter of 2020.
Reconciliations of our non-GAAP noninterest income, non-GAAP net gains on investment securities, non-GAAP core fee income and non-GAAP core fee income plus investment banking revenue and commissions are provided under the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
Noninterest Expense

Noninterest expense was $491.0 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared to $479.6 million for the second quarter of 2020. The increase of $11.4 million in noninterest expense consisted primarily of an increase in our compensation and benefits expense and professional services expense in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2020.
The following table provides a summary of our compensation and benefits expense:
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands, except employees)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Compensation and benefits:
Salaries and wages
$135,705 $124,525 $109,473 $375,844 $316,472 
Incentive compensation plans
103,898 120,529 59,602 291,101 200,483 
Other employee incentives and benefits (1)
87,766 74,743 64,765 235,807 198,118 
Total compensation and benefits$327,369 $319,797 $233,840 $902,752 $715,073 
Period-end full-time equivalent employees4,3363,9843,4604,3363,460
Average full-time equivalent employees4,2163,8553,4133,9143,309

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(1)Other employee incentives and benefits expense includes employer payroll taxes, group health and life insurance, share-based compensation, 401(k), ESOP, warrant incentive and retention plans, agency fees and other employee-related expenses.
The $7.6 million increase in total compensation and benefits expense consists primarily of the following:
An increase of $13.0 million in other employee incentives and benefits expense attributable primarily to incentive and benefits expenses related to BigCommerce transactions, an increase in warrant incentive plan expense due to higher warrant gains on equity warrant assets in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter and an increase in ESOP expense primarily driven by an increase in our 2020 full-year projected financial performance, and
An increase of $11.2 million in salaries and wages expense reflective primarily of an increase in the number of average full-time equivalent employees ("FTE") by 361 to 4,216 FTEs, driven by strong hiring for in-sourcing, product development and revenue growth, as well as one additional working day of the third quarter of 2020 as compared to the second quarter of 2020, partially offset by,
A decrease of $16.6 million in incentive compensation plans expense attributable primarily to a decrease in SVB Leerink incentive compensation expense reflective of SVB Leerink's robust performance in the second quarter of 2020, partially offset by an increase in our incentive accruals as a result of our 2020 full-year projected financial performance.
Included in total compensation and benefits expense is $6.7 million in compensation and benefits expenses related to BigCommerce transactions.
Professional services expense increased $3.4 million, due primarily to increased consulting fees during the third quarter of 2020 reflective of our ongoing global digital banking and infrastructure initiatives.
Our operating efficiency ratio for the third quarter of 2020 was 45.66 percent compared to 54.39 percent for the second quarter. The improvement in our operating efficiency ratio was reflective of the decrease in noninterest expense as a percentage of total revenue for the third quarter as revenues in the amount of $149.2 million, on a pre-tax basis, generated from the BigCommerce activity noted above were significantly larger than the $6.7 million of expenses incurred associated with those transactions.
Income Tax Expense
Our effective tax rate was 26.7 percent for the third quarter of 2020, compared to 27.3 percent for the second quarter of 2020. Our effective tax rate is calculated by dividing income tax expense by the sum of income before income tax expense and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. The decrease in our effective tax rate was primarily due to an increase in excess tax benefits received from stock compensation expense reflective primarily of a higher number of stock options exercised during the third quarter as compared to the second quarter.
Noncontrolling Interests
Included in net income is income and expense related to noncontrolling interests. The relevant amounts allocated to investors in our consolidated subsidiaries, other than us, are reflected under “Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests” in our statements of income. The following table provides a summary of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests: 
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Net interest income (1)$— $(5)$(14)$(26)$(41)
Noninterest income (1)(8,620)(5,904)(4,910)(12,033)(19,586)
Noninterest expense (1)114 130 145 384 692 
Carried interest allocation (2)(19,242)(8,481)(9,658)(28,360)(16,966)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests$(27,748)$(14,260)$(14,437)$(40,035)$(35,901)

(1)Represents noncontrolling interests’ share in net interest income, noninterest income and noninterest expense.
(2)Represents the preferred allocation of income (or change in income) earned by us as the general partner of certain consolidated funds.
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Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests of $27.7 million for the third quarter of 2020 was primarily driven by net gains on investment securities (including carried interest allocation) from our managed funds of funds and our managed direct venture funds portfolios.
SVBFG Stockholders’ Equity
Total SVBFG stockholders’ equity increased by $0.5 billion to $7.8 billion at September 30, 2020, compared to $7.3 billion at June 30, 2020, due primarily to net income available to common stockholders.
Preferred Stock
On August 17, 2020, SVB Financial Group paid a quarterly cash dividend of $13.125 per share on the Company’s 5.250% fixed-rate non-cumulative perpetual Series A Preferred Stock, liquidation amount $1,000 per share, which are represented by depositary shares (NASDAQ: SIVBP), each representing a 1/40th interest in a share of preferred stock, with a total dividend paid of $4.6 million.
On October 22, 2020, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $13.125 per share (representing $0.328125 per depositary share) on the Series A Preferred Stock. The dividend is payable on November 16, 2020 to holders of record at the close of business on November 2, 2020.
Stock Repurchase Program
During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2020, we did not repurchase any shares in connection with our stock repurchase program. At September 30, 2020, $290.0 million remains available to repurchase under the stock repurchase program. Our stock repurchase program remains on pause and expires on October 29, 2020.
Capital Ratios
September 30, 2020 Preliminary Results
Our risk-based capital ratios, tier 1 capital ratios and leverage ratios decreased for both SVB Financial and Silicon Valley Bank as of September 30, 2020, compared to June 30, 2020. The decrease in capital ratios is primarily driven by increases in our risk-weighted, and average, assets, partially offset by net income. The increases in risk-weighted assets was driven by increases in our loan and fixed income portfolios. The increase in average assets was driven by increases in fixed income investments and cash and cash equivalents, as well as loan growth.
All of our reported capital ratios remain above the levels considered to be “well capitalized” under applicable banking regulations. See the "SVB Financial and Bank Capital Ratios" section, at the end of this release, for details.
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Financial Outlook and Preliminary 2021 Outlook for Selected Items
Our outlook for the fourth quarter of the year ending December 31, 2020 and our preliminary outlook for selected items for the year ending December 31, 2021, is provided below on a GAAP basis, unless otherwise noted, and does not include assumptions about any further Federal Funds or LIBOR rate changes during that period. The outlook and the underlying assumptions presented are, by their nature, forward-looking statements and are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties, including risks and uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which are discussed below under the section “Forward-Looking Statements.” Actual results may differ. (For additional information about our financial outlook, please refer to Q3 2020 Earnings Highlights Slides. See "Additional Information" below.)
Current Outlook for Fourth Quarter of the Year Ended December 31, 2020 (as of October 22, 2020)
Average loan balancesBetween $39 billion and $40 billion
Average deposit balancesBetween $83 billion and $85 billion
Net interest income (1)Between $555 million and $570 million
Net interest margin (1)Between 2.45% and 2.55%
Core fee income (client investment fees, foreign exchange fees, credit card fees, deposit service charges, lending related fees and letters of credit fees) (2)
Between $130 million and $140 million
Noninterest expense (3) (4) (5)Between $525 million and $535 million
Effective tax rate (6)Between 27% and 28%

Preliminary 2021 Outlook for Selected Items

Our preliminary full year 2021 outlook for selected items provided below is based on various management assumptions, including: (a) no changes in the Federal Reserve or LIBOR rates, and (b) no material deterioration in the overall economy. For the full year ending December 31, 2021, compared to our full year ending December 31, 2020, expected results, we currently expect the following:

average loan balance growth in the high single to low double digits,
average deposit balance growth in the high teens to low twenties,
net interest income(1) growth in the high single digits,
net interest margin(1) between 2.45% and 2.55%,
core fee income(2) comparable to 2020
noninterest expense(3)(4) (excluding expenses related to noncontrolling interests) growth in the low to mid- single digits, and
effective tax rate(6) between 27% to 28%

Our 2021 outlook is preliminary and subject to change.

(1)Our outlook for net interest income and net interest margin is based primarily on management's current forecast of average deposit and loan balances and deployment of surplus cash into investment securities. Such forecasts are subject to change, and actual results may differ, based on market conditions, the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the economic and business environments in which we operate, actual prepayment rates and other factors described under the section "Forward-Looking Statements" below.
(2)Core fee income is a non-GAAP measure, which represents noninterest income, but excludes certain line items where performance is typically subject to market or other conditions beyond our control. As we are unable to quantify such line items that would be required to be included in the comparable GAAP financial measure for the future period presented without unreasonable efforts, no reconciliation for the outlook of non-GAAP core fee income to GAAP noninterest income for the fourth quarter of the year ending December 31, 2020 is included in this release, as we believe such reconciliation would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors. See "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this release for further information regarding the calculation and limitations of this measure. (Core fee does not include investment banking revenues and commissions.)
(3)Noninterest expense (excluding expenses related to noncontrolling interests) is a non-GAAP measure, which represents noninterest expense, but excludes expenses attributable to noncontrolling interests. As we are unable to quantify such line items that would be required to be included in the comparable GAAP financial measure for the future period presented without unreasonable efforts, no reconciliation for the outlook of non-GAAP noninterest expense (excluding expenses related to noncontrolling interests) to GAAP noninterest expense for the fourth quarter of the year ending December 31, 2020 and 2021 is included in this release, as we believe such reconciliation would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors. See "Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this release for further information regarding the calculation and limitations of this measure.
(4)Our outlook for noninterest expense is partly based on management's current forecast of performance-based incentive compensation expenses. Such forecasts are subject to change, and actual results may differ, based on our performance relative to our internal performance targets.
(5)Our outlook for noninterest expense for the fourth quarter of the year ending December 31, 2020 includes an estimated $20.0 million donation of net fees (net of costs incurred) received from the PPP.
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(6)Our outlook for our effective tax rate is based on management's current assumptions with respect to, among other things, SVB Financial Group's earnings, state income tax levels, tax deductions and estimated performance-based compensation activity.
Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which may be beyond our control. Forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical facts, such as forecasts of our future financial results and condition, expectations for our operations and business, and our underlying assumptions of such forecasts and expectations. In addition, forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of such words as “becoming,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “assume,” “seek,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” the negative of such words or comparable terminology. In this release, including our CEO's statement and in the section “Financial Outlook and Preliminary 2021 Outlook for Selected Items,” we make forward-looking statements discussing management’s expectations for 2020 and 2021 about, among other things, economic conditions; the continuing and potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic; opportunities in the market; the outlook on our clients' performance; our financial, credit, and business performance, including loan growth, loan mix and loan yields; deposit growth; expense levels; our expected effective tax rate; accounting impact; and financial results (and the components of such results).

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are reasonable, we have based these expectations on our current beliefs as well as our assumptions, and such expectations may not prove to be correct. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside our control. Our actual results of operations and financial performance could differ significantly from those expressed in or implied by our management’s forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ from the expectations stated in the forward-looking statements include, among others:
market and economic conditions (including the general condition of the capital and equity markets, and IPO, M&A and financing activity levels) and the associated impact on us (including effects on client demand for our commercial and investment banking and other financial services, as well as on the valuations of our investments);
the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the economic and business environments in which we operate;
the impact of the upcoming U.S. elections on the economic environment, capital markets and regulatory landscape, including monetary, tax and other trade policies;
changes in the volume and credit quality of our loans as well as volatility of our levels of nonperforming assets and charge-offs;
the impact of changes in interest rates or market levels or factors affecting or affected by them, especially on our loan and investment portfolios;
changes in the levels of our loans, deposits and client investment fund balances;
changes in the performance or equity valuations of funds or companies in which we have invested or hold derivative instruments or equity warrant assets;
variations from our expectations as to factors impacting our cost structure;
changes in our assessment of the creditworthiness or liquidity of our clients or unanticipated effects of credit concentration risks which create or exacerbate deterioration of such creditworthiness or liquidity;
variations from our expectations as to factors impacting the timing and level of employee share-based transactions;
unfavorable resolution of legal proceedings/claims or regulatory/governmental actions;
variations from our expectations as to factors impacting our estimate of our full-year effective tax rate;
changes in applicable accounting standards and tax laws; and
regulatory or legal changes or their impact on us.
The operating and economic environment during the third quarter continued to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has created economic and financial disruptions that have adversely affected, and may continue to adversely affect, our business, operations, financial performance and prospects. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, it is possible that the U.S. and other major economies experience or continue to experience a prolonged recession, which could materially and adversely affect our business, operations, financial performance and prospects. Statements about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, operations, financial performance and prospects may constitute forward-looking statements and are subject to the risk that the actual
14


impacts may differ, possibly materially, from what is reflected in those forward-looking statements due to factors and future developments that are uncertain, unpredictable and in many cases beyond our control, including the scope and duration of the pandemic, actions taken by governmental authorities in response to the pandemic, and the direct and indirect impact of the pandemic on our customers, third parties and us.

For additional information about these and other factors, please refer to our public reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including under the caption "Risk Factors" in our most recent Annual Report filed on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Report filed on Form 10-Q for the second quarter of 2020. The forward-looking statements included in this release are made only as of the date of this release. We do not intend, and undertake no obligation, to update these forward-looking statements.

Earnings Conference Call
On Thursday, October 22, 2020, we will host a conference call at 3:00 p.m. (Pacific Time) to discuss the financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. The conference call can be accessed by dialing (888) 771-4371 or (847) 585-4405 and entering the confirmation number "49939888". A live webcast of the audio portion of the call can be accessed on the Investor Relations section of our website at www.svb.com. A replay of the audio webcast will also be available on www.svb.com for 12 months beginning on October 22, 2020.

Additional Information
For additional information about our business, financial results for the third quarter 2020 and financial outlook, please refer to our Q3 2020 Financial Highlights Slides and Q3 2020 CEO Letter, which are available on the Investor Relations section of our website at www.svb.com. These materials should be read together with this release, and includes important supplemental information including key considerations that may impact our financial outlook for the remainder of 2020.

About SVB Financial Group

For more than 35 years, SVB Financial Group (NASDAQ: SIVB) and its subsidiaries have helped innovative companies and their investors move bold ideas forward, fast. SVB Financial Group’s businesses, including Silicon Valley Bank, offer commercial, investment and private banking, asset management, private wealth management, brokerage and investment services and funds management services to companies in the technology, life science and healthcare, private equity and venture capital and premium wine industries. Headquartered in Santa Clara, California, SVB Financial Group operates in centers of innovation around the world. Learn more at www.svb.com.

SVB Financial Group is the holding company for all business units and groups © 2020 SVB Financial Group. All rights reserved. SVB, SVB FINANCIAL GROUP, SILICON VALLEY BANK, SVB LEERINK, MAKE NEXT HAPPEN NOW and the chevron device are trademarks of SVB Financial Group, used under license. Silicon Valley Bank is a member of the FDIC and the Federal Reserve System. Silicon Valley Bank is the California bank subsidiary of SVB Financial Group.

15


SVB FINANCIAL GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 Three months endedNine months ended
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
September 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Interest income:
Loans $368,981 $365,110 $394,246 $1,116,660 $1,202,467 
Investment securities:
Taxable156,517 141,547 149,656 452,449 410,768 
Non-taxable14,912 14,464 11,123 42,200 32,991 
Federal funds sold, securities purchased under agreements to resell and other short-term investment securities
2,717 2,402 28,867 22,743 74,447 
Total interest income543,127 523,523 583,892 1,634,052 1,720,673 
Interest expense:
Deposits8,218 5,694 55,106 51,310 130,163 
Borrowings 7,169 4,902 8,142 17,938 27,577 
Total interest expense15,387 10,596 63,248 69,248 157,740 
Net interest income527,740 512,927 520,644 1,564,804 1,562,933 
(Reduction) provision for credit losses(52,018)66,481 36,536 257,943 89,033 
Net interest income after provision for credit losses
579,758 446,446 484,108 1,306,861 1,473,900 
Noninterest income:
Gains on investment securities, net 189,837 34,868 29,849 270,760 106,575 
Gains on equity warrant assets, net53,766 26,506 37,561 93,667 107,213 
Client investment fees31,914 31,885 46,679 107,192 136,905 
Foreign exchange fees43,881 36,256 40,309 127,642 116,863 
Credit card fees22,756 21,288 30,158 72,348 86,431 
Deposit service charges22,015 20,511 22,482 67,115 65,496 
Lending related fees
13,562 11,164 11,707 37,851 36,857 
Letters of credit and standby letters of credit fees
12,192 11,421 10,842 35,155 31,205 
Investment banking revenue
92,181 141,503 38,516 280,551 137,005 
Commissions16,257 16,918 12,275 49,197 40,812 
Other49,222 16,528 13,631 76,887 42,773 
Total noninterest income547,583 368,848 294,009 1,218,365 908,135 
Noninterest expense:
Compensation and benefits327,369 319,797 233,840 902,752 715,073 
Professional services 67,215 63,828 55,202 169,748 133,018 
Premises and equipment30,772 27,708 26,775 85,420 72,386 
Net occupancy18,965 18,845 16,981 56,156 49,716 
Business development and travel2,214 2,992 19,539 19,277 51,915 
FDIC and state assessments6,933 6,819 4,881 18,986 13,343 
Other37,553 39,647 34,106 117,903 105,059 
Total noninterest expense491,021 479,636 391,324 1,370,242 1,140,510 
Income before income tax expense636,320 335,658 386,793 1,154,984 1,241,525 
Income tax expense162,265 87,869 105,075 299,491 331,624 
Net income before noncontrolling interests and dividends
474,055 247,789 281,718 855,493 909,901 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (27,748)(14,260)(14,437)(40,035)(35,901)
Preferred stock dividends
(4,594)(4,594)— (12,557)— 
Net income available to common stockholders
$441,713 $228,935 $267,281 $802,901 $874,000 
Earnings per common share—basic$8.53 $4.44 $5.19 $15.55 $16.80 
Earnings per common share—diluted8.47 4.42 5.15 15.46 16.67 
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic
51,773,181 51,581,237 51,544,807 51,640,112 52,025,112 
Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted
52,146,660 51,794,833 51,858,470 51,950,734 52,430,806 


16


SVB FINANCIAL GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
INTERIM CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited) 
(Dollars in thousands, except par value and share data)September 30,
2020
June 30,
2020
September 30,
2019
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $15,687,776 $14,202,106 $6,946,196 
Available-for-sale securities, at fair value (cost $25,237,540, $17,800,589 and $12,699,542, respectively)25,904,324 18,451,913 12,866,857 
Held-to-maturity securities, at amortized cost and net of allowance for credit losses of $291, $222 and $0 (fair value of $13,612,463, $13,541,461, and $14,698,802), respectively (1)12,982,223 12,858,823 14,407,078 
Non-marketable and other equity securities1,547,363 1,270,578 1,150,094 
Investment securities40,433,910 32,581,314 28,424,029 
Loans, amortized cost 38,413,891 36,727,222 31,063,994 
Allowance for credit losses: loans(512,958)(589,828)(304,410)
Net loans37,900,933 36,137,394 30,759,584 
Premises and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization
173,477 169,313 146,713 
Goodwill137,823 137,823 137,823 
Other intangible assets, net45,380 46,726 52,288 
Lease right-of-use assets220,493 215,319 178,532 
Accrued interest receivable and other assets 2,316,979 2,240,990 1,586,068 
Total assets$96,916,771 $85,730,985 $68,231,233 
Liabilities and total equity:
Liabilities:
Noninterest-bearing demand deposits $57,508,229 $49,160,880 $40,480,610 
Interest-bearing deposits27,264,791 25,344,884 19,062,264 
Total deposits84,773,020 74,505,764 59,542,874 
Short-term borrowings19,068 50,924 18,898 
Lease liabilities246,652 239,357 192,543 
Other liabilities 3,067,221 2,623,407 1,731,222 
Long-term debt843,430 843,220 697,227 
Total liabilities88,949,391 78,262,672 62,182,764 
SVBFG stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized; 350,000 shares, 350,000 shares and no shares issued and outstanding, respectively340,138 340,138 — 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized; 51,787,972 shares, 51,740,714 shares, and 51,555,831 shares issued and outstanding, respectively52 52 52 
Additional paid-in capital 1,548,918 1,522,728 1,441,730 
Retained earnings5,283,433 4,841,720 4,312,745 
Accumulated other comprehensive income620,394 614,735 136,153 
Total SVBFG stockholders’ equity7,792,935 7,319,373 5,890,680 
Noncontrolling interests174,445 148,940 157,789 
Total equity7,967,380 7,468,313 6,048,469 
Total liabilities and total equity$96,916,771 $85,730,985 $68,231,233 


(1)     Prior to our adoption of Accounting Standard Update (ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments) on January 1, 2020, the allowance for credit losses (ACL) related to held-to-maturity (HTM) securities was not applicable and is therefore presented as $0 at September 30, 2019.
17


SVB FINANCIAL GROUP AND SUBSIDIARIES
INTERIM AVERAGE BALANCES, RATES AND YIELDS
(Unaudited)
 Three months ended
 September 30, 2020June 30, 2020September 30, 2019
(Dollars in thousands, except yield/rate and ratios)Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Yield/
Rate
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Yield/
Rate
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Yield/
Rate
Interest-earning assets:
Federal reserve deposits, federal funds sold, securities purchased under agreements to resell and other short-term investment securities (1)
$13,817,353 $2,717 0.08 %$11,919,819 $2,402 0.08 %$7,193,195 $28,867 1.59 %
Investment securities: (2)
Available-for-sale securities:
Taxable20,026,864 87,792 1.74 12,784,271 69,251 2.18 10,600,449 62,121 2.32 
Held-to-maturity securities:
Taxable10,286,332 68,725 2.66 10,886,944 72,296 2.67 12,922,438 87,535 2.69 
Non-taxable (3)2,266,864 18,876