10-K 1 mur-20161231x10k.htm 10-K 20161231 10K



 UNITED STATES

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K



(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934



For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES



For the transition period from              to              



Commission file number 1-8590

MURPHY OIL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

 

Delaware

 

71-0361522

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)



 

 

300 Peach Street, P.O. Box 7000,

 

 

El Dorado, Arkansas

 

71731-7000

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)



Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (870) 862-6411



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:





 

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value

 

New York Stock Exchange

    Series A Participating Cumulative

 

New York Stock Exchange

 Preferred Stock Purchase Rights

 

 



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes     No   

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes     No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes     No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes     No   

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes     No   

Aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (as of June 30, 2016) – $5,467,321,679.

Number of shares of Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value, outstanding at January 31, 2017 was 172,396,581.

Documents incorporated by reference:

Portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on May 10, 2017 have been incorporated by reference in Part III herein.

 

 


 

MURPHY OIL CORPORATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS – 2016 FORM 10-K

 



 

 



 

Page Number



PART I

 

Item 1.

Business

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

12 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

18 

Item 2.

Properties

18 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20 



PART II

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

20 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

22 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

49 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

49 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

49 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

49 

Item 9B.

Other Information

50 



PART III

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

50 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

50 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

50 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

50 

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

50 



PART IV

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

51 

Signatures

55 







 

i


 

PART I



Item 1. BUSINESS



Summary





Murphy Oil Corporation is a worldwide oil and gas exploration and production company.  As used in this report, the terms Murphy, Murphy Oil, we, our, its and Company may refer to Murphy Oil Corporation or any one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries.



The Company was originally incorporated in Louisiana in 1950 as Murphy Corporation.  It was reincorporated in Delaware in 1964, at which time it adopted the name Murphy Oil Corporation, and was reorganized in 1983 to operate primarily as a holding company of its various businesses.  For reporting purposes, Murphy’s exploration and production activities are subdivided into four geographic segments, including the United States, Canada, Malaysia and all other countries.  Additionally, “Corporate” activities include interest income, interest expense, foreign exchange effects and administrative costs not allocated to the segments.  The Company’s corporate headquarters are located in El Dorado, Arkansas.



The Company has transitioned from an integrated oil company to an enterprise entirely focused on oil and gas exploration and production activities.  The Company completed the sale of the remaining downstream assets in the United Kingdom (U.K.) during 2015 after selling its U.K. retail marketing assets during 2014.



At December 31, 2016, Murphy had 1,294 employees. 



In addition to the following information about each business activity, data about Murphy’s operations, properties and business segments, including revenues by class of products and financial information by geographic area, are provided on pages 22 through 40, 70 thru 72, 103 through 114 and 116 of this Form 10-K report.



Interested parties may obtain the Company’s public disclosures filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K and other documents, by accessing the Investor Relations section of Murphy Oil Corporation’s Web site at www.murphyoilcorp.com.



Exploration and Production



The Company explores for and produces crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids worldwide.  The Company’s exploration and production management team directs the Company’s worldwide exploration and production activities.  This business maintains upstream operating offices in several locations around the world, with the most significant of these including Houston, Texas, Calgary, Alberta, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.



During 2016, Murphy’s principal exploration and production activities were conducted in the United States by wholly owned Murphy Exploration & Production Company – USA (Murphy Expro USA), in Malaysia, Australia, Brunei, and Vietnam by wholly owned Murphy Exploration & Production Company – International (Murphy Expro International) and its subsidiaries, and in Western Canada and offshore Eastern Canada by wholly-owned Murphy Oil Company Ltd. (MOCL) and its subsidiaries.  Murphy’s hydrocarbon production in 2016 was in the United States, Canada and Malaysia.



In May 2016, MOCL acquired a 70% operated working interest in certain Kaybob Duvernay assets and a 30% non-operated working interest in certain liquids rich Placid Montney assets in Alberta.  In a separate transaction in April 2016, MOCL completed its divestiture of natural gas processing and sales pipeline assets that support Murphy’s Montney natural gas fields in the Tupper area in northeastern British Columbia.  In June 2016, MOCL completed the sale of its 5% undivided interest in Syncrude Canada Ltd. (“Syncrude”), and in January 2017, the Company completed the sale of its Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada.  In December 2014, the Company sold 20% of its interests in Malaysia; a further sale of an additional 10% of its interests in Malaysia was completed in January 2015.



Unless otherwise indicated, all references to the Company’s oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas production volumes and proved crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas reserves are net to the Company’s working interest excluding applicable royalties.  Also, unless otherwise indicated, references to oil throughout this document could include crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids where applicable volumes include a combination of these products.



1


 

Murphy’s worldwide crude oil and condensate production in 2016 averaged 103,400 barrels per day, a decrease of 18% compared to 2015.  The decrease in 2016 was primarily due to the Syncrude divestiture, lower crude oil and condensate production in the Eagle Ford Shale area of South Texas mainly due to significantly less development spending, lower production in the Seal heavy oil field due to normal decline and shut-in of uneconomic wells, and lower production in Malaysia resulting from normal decline.  Natural gas liquids produced in 2016 averaged 9,200 barrels per day, a 10% drop versus 2015.  The Company’s worldwide sales volume of natural gas averaged 378 million cubic feet (MMCF) per day in 2016, down 12% from 2015 levels.  The decrease in natural gas sales volume in 2016 was primarily attributable to lower gas production volumes in the Gulf of Mexico at the Company’s Dalmatian field, lower production in Malaysia due to higher unplanned downtime, lower entitlement at Sarawak and more gas injection at Kikeh, partially offset by higher gas production in the Tupper area in Western Canada.  Total worldwide 2016 production on a barrel of oil equivalent basis (six thousand cubic feet of natural gas equals one barrel of oil) was approximately 175,600 barrels per day, a decrease of 15% compared to 2015.



Total production in 2017 is currently expected to be average between 162,000 and 168,000 boepd.  The projected production decrease in 2017 is primarily due to the Syncrude divestiture in 2016, recently announced disposition of the Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada in January 2017, normal declines in Gulf of Mexico and Malaysia, lower entitlement for production offshore Sarawak, Malaysia and an expected reduction following the recent approval of the working interest redetermination, in the non-operated Kakap-Gumusut field in Malaysia.



United States

In the United States, Murphy primarily has production of crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas from fields in the Eagle Ford Shale area of South Texas and in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.  The Company produced approximately 56,500 barrels of crude oil and gas liquids per day and approximately 53 MMCF of natural gas per day in the U.S. in 2016.  These amounts represented 50% of the Company’s total worldwide oil and gas liquids and 14% of worldwide natural gas production volumes.



The Company holds rights to approximately 151 thousand gross acres in South Texas in the Eagle Ford Shale unconventional oil and gas play.  Total 2016 liquids and natural gas production in the Eagle Ford area was 42,800 barrels of oil and liquids per day and approximately 36 MMCF per day of natural gas, respectively.  On a barrel of oil equivalent basis, Eagle Ford production accounted for 75% of total U.S. production volumes in 2016.  In 2017, production in the Eagle Ford Shale is forecast to improve slightly and average approximately 44,000 barrels of oil and gas liquids per day and 32 MMCF of natural gas per day.  At December 31, 2016, the Company’s proved reserves in the Eagle Ford Shale area totaled 181.7 million barrels of crude oil, 33.5 million barrels of natural gas liquids, and 164 billion cubic feet of natural gas.



During 2016, approximately 25% of total U.S. hydrocarbon production was produced at fields in the Gulf of Mexico.  Approximately 82% of Gulf of Mexico production in 2016 was derived from five fields, including Dalmatian, Medusa, Kodiak, Front Runner and Thunder Hawk.  The Company holds a 70% operated working interest in Dalmatian in DeSoto Canyon Blocks 4, 48 and 134, a 60% operated interest in Medusa in Mississippi Canyon Blocks 538/582, a 29.1% non-operated interest in Kodiak in Mississippi Canyon Blocks 727/771, and 62.5% operated working interests in the Front Runner field in Green Canyon Blocks 338/339 and the Thunder Hawk field in Mississippi Canyon Block 734.  Total daily production in the Gulf of Mexico in 2016 was 13,700 barrels of liquids and approximately 17 MMCF of natural gas.  Production in the Gulf of Mexico in 2017 is expected to total approximately 11,500 barrels of oil and gas liquids per day and 14 MMCF of natural gas per day.  At December 31, 2016, Murphy has total proved reserves for Gulf of Mexico fields of 35.7 million barrels of oil and gas liquids and 55 billion cubic feet of natural gas.  Total U.S. proved reserves at December 31, 2016 were 214.4 million barrels of crude oil, 36.5 million barrels of natural gas liquids, and 219 billion cubic feet of natural gas.



Canada

In Canada, the Company holds one wholly-owned natural gas area (Tupper) in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) together with working interests in the Kaybob Duvernay and liquids rich Placid Montney lands. In the fourth quarter 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its wholly-owned Seal field located in the Peace River oil sands area of northwest Alberta.  This sale was completed in January 2017 and the Company received net proceeds, pending any normal post-closing adjustments, of approximately $49.0 million.  The Company has 107 thousand net acres of Tupper Montney mineral rights located in northeast British Columbia.  In 2016, the Company completed its transaction to divest natural gas processing and sales pipeline assets that support Murphy’s Montney natural gas fields in the Tupper area.  Total cash consideration received by Murphy upon closing of the transaction was $414.1 million.  During 2016, the Company acquired a 70% operated working interest in Kaybob Duvernay lands and a 30% non-operated working interest in liquids rich Placid Montney lands in Alberta.  In addition, the Company owns interests in two non-operated assets – the Hibernia and Terra Nova fields offshore Newfoundland in the Jeanne d’Arc Basin.  Daily production in 2016 in the WCSB averaged 4,000 barrels of mostly heavy oil and approximately 209 MMCF of natural gas.  Oil and natural gas daily production for 2017 in Western

2


 

Canada, is expected to average 3,700 barrels and approximately 225 MMCF, respectively.  The decrease in oil production in 2017 arises from the January 2017 divestiture of the Seal area, partially offset by ramp-up of activity in the Kaybob Duvernay and Placid Montney areas acquired in mid-2016.  The increase in natural gas volumes in 2017 is primarily the result of new wells brought on line in the Tupper area with improved performance and production from the areas acquired in 2016.  Total WCSB proved liquids and natural gas reserves at December 31, 2016, were approximately 33.0 million barrels and 1.1 trillion cubic feet, respectively.



Murphy has a 6.5% working interest in Hibernia, while at Terra Nova the Company’s working interest is 10.475%.  Oil production in 2016 was about 8,700 barrels of oil per day for the two offshore Canada fields.  Production increased in 2016 due to higher uptime at Hibernia.  Oil production for 2017 for offshore Canada is anticipated to be approximately 8,900 barrels per day.  Total proved oil reserves at December 31, 2016 for the two fields were approximately 21.5 million barrels.



In the second quarter of 2016, Murphy sold its 5% interest in Syncrude Canada Ltd., a joint venture located about 25 miles north of Fort McMurray, Alberta and received net cash proceeds of $739.1 million.  Syncrude utilizes its assets, which include three coking units, to extract bitumen from oil sand deposits and to upgrade this bitumen into a high-value synthetic crude oil.  Production in 2016 was about 4,600 barrels of synthetic crude oil per day.



Malaysia

In Malaysia, the Company has majority interests in eight separate production sharing contracts (PSCs).  The Company serves as the operator of all these areas other than the unitized Kakap-Gumusut field.  The production sharing contracts cover approximately 2.14 million gross acres.  In December 2014 and January 2015, the Company sold 30% of its interest in most Malaysian oil and gas assets.



Murphy has a 59.5% interest in oil and natural gas discoveries in two shallow-water blocks, SK 309 and SK 311, offshore Sarawak.  Approximately 14,100 barrels of oil and gas liquids per day were produced in 2016 at Blocks SK 309/311.  Oil and gas liquids production in 2017 at fields in Blocks SK 309/311 is anticipated to total about 12,800 barrels per day, with the reduction from 2016 primarily related to natural field decline.  The Company has a gas sales contract for the Sarawak area with PETRONAS, the Malaysian state-owned oil company, and has an ongoing multi-phase development plan for several natural gas discoveries on these blocks.  The gas sales contract allows for gross sales volumes of 250 MMCF per day through September 2021, but allows the Company to deliver higher sales volumes as requested.  Total net natural gas sales volume offshore Sarawak was about 106 MMCF per day during 2016 (gross 248 MMCF per day).  Sarawak net natural gas sales volumes are anticipated to be approximately 101 MMCF per day in 2017.  Total proved reserves of liquids and natural gas at December 31, 2016 for Blocks SK 309/311 were 13.8 million barrels and approximately 164 billion cubic feet, respectively.



At December 31, 2016, the Company had an 8.6% interest in the Kakap field in Block K Malaysia.  The Kakap field in Block K was unitized with the Gumusut field in an adjacent block under a Unitization and Unit Operating Agreement (UUOA) between the owners. The Gumusut-Kakap Unit is operated by another company.  Working interest redeterminations are required at different points within the life of the unitized field.  In the fourth quarter 2016, the owners conducted the first redetermination process for a revision to the blocks’ tract participation interest, and the operator of the unitized field sought the approval of PETRONAS to effect the change in 2017.  In 2016, the Company recorded an estimated redetermination expense of $39.1 million ($24.1 million after taxes) related to an expected reduction in the Company’s working interest covering the period from inception through year-end 2016 at Kakap.  In February 2017, the Company received PETRONAS official approval to the redetermination change that reduces the Company’s working interest in oil operations to 6.67% effective at April 1, 2017.  The Company expects to incur additional redetermination expense currently estimated at approximately $10 million before taxes during the first quarter of 2017 for the period from the beginning of the year until the redetermination effective adjustment date.  The final redetermination adjustment will be settled in cash. The Company currently estimates that this working interest change will reduce its 2017 annual production by approximately 2,300 barrels per day, which has been considered in its previously communicated production guidance.  The Siakap oil discovery was developed as a unitized area with the Petai field owned by others, and the combined development is operated by Murphy, with a tie-back to the Kikeh field with production beginning in 2014.  Oil production at Block K averaged approximately 24,600 barrels per day during 2016.  Oil production at Block K is anticipated to average approximately 20,100 barrels per day in 2017.  The reduction in Block K Kikeh oil production in 2017 is primarily attributable to overall field decline and reduction in working interest at Kakap as described above.  The Company has a Block K natural gas sales contract with PETRONAS that calls for gross sales volumes of up to 120 MMCF per day.  Gas production in Block K will continue until the earlier of lack of available commercial quantities of associated gas reserves or expiry of the Block K production sharing contract.  Natural gas production in Block K in 2016 totaled 10 MMCF per day.  Daily gas production in 2017 in Block K is expected to average about 6 MMCF per day.  Total proved reserves booked in Block K as of year-end 2016 were 52.3 million barrels of crude oil and about 26 billion cubic feet of natural gas.

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The Company also has an interest in deepwater Block H offshore Sabah.  In early 2007, the Company announced a significant natural gas discovery at the Rotan well in Block H.  The Company followed up Rotan with several other nearby discoveries.  Following the partial sell down, Murphy’s interests in Block H range between 42% and 56%.  Total gross acreage held by the Company at year-end 2016 in Block H was 679 thousand gross acres.  In early 2014, PETRONAS and the Company sanctioned a Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) project for Block H, and agreed terms for sales of natural gas to be produced with prices tied to an oil index.  First production is currently expected at Block H in 2020.  At December 31, 2016, total natural gas proved reserves for Block H were approximately 349 billion cubic feet.



The Company has a 42% interest in a gas holding area covering approximately 1,854 gross acres in Block P.  This interest expires in January 2018.



In May 2013, the Company acquired an interest in shallow-water Malaysia Block SK 314A.  The PSC covers a

three-year exploration period.  The Company’s working interest in Block SK 314A is 59.5%.  This block includes 488 thousand gross acres.  The Company has a 70% carry of a 15% partner in this concession through the minimum work program.  The first two exploration wells were drilled in 2015 and the third well in 2016 for this block.



In February 2015, the Company acquired a 50% interest in offshore Block SK 2C.  The Company operates the block that carried one well commitment during the one-year initial exploration period.  The exploration well was drilled in 2015 and the first exploration period was extended for a further eighteen months.  In 2016, the Company elected not to enter the next exploration period. The block was relinquished with the exception of an application made for a gas holding area comprising the Paus gas and oil discovery. The Company holds an 80% working interest in the gas holding area application.



Murphy has a 75% interest in gas holding agreements for Kenarong and Pertang discoveries made in Block PM 311 located offshore peninsular Malaysia.  An application for an extension of a gas holding agreement was presented to PETRONAS in 2014, but the application was rejected.  Due to the uncertainty of the future production of the gas discovered in Block PM 311, in 2014 the Company wrote off the prior-year well costs of $47.4 million related to Kenarong and Pertang.  The Company has not included natural gas for Block PM 311 in its proved natural gas reserves.



In February 2016, the Company acquired a 40% working interest in Block Deepwater SK2A PSC. The Company operates the block with a commitment to acquire and process new 3D seismic. The commitment was fulfilled during 2016. A decision to enter the next phase of the PSC, involving a one well commitment, will be made in the first half of 2017.  This block includes 609 thousand gross acres.



Australia

In Australia, the Company holds six offshore exploration permits and serves as operator of five of them.



The first permit was acquired in 2007 with a 40% interest in Block AC/P36 in the Browse Basin.  Murphy renewed the exploration permit for an additional five years and in that process relinquished 50% of the gross acreage; the license now covers 482 thousand gross acres and expires in 2019.  In 2012, Murphy increased its working interest in the remaining acreage to 100% and subsequently farmed out a 50% working interest and operatorship.  The existing work commitment for this license includes further geophysical work.



In May 2012, Murphy was awarded permit WA-476-P in the Carnarvon Basin, offshore Western Australia.  The Company holds 100% working interest in the permit which covers 177 thousand gross acres.  The WA-476-P permit has a primary term work commitment consisting of seismic data purchase and geophysical studies, and all primary term commitments have been completed for this permit.  This permit expires in 2018.



The Company also acquired permit WA-481-P in the Perth Basin, offshore Western Australia, in August 2012.  All commitments were fulfilled in 2015. In 2016, the Company’s working interest was sold to another company.



The Company was awarded permit EPP43 in the Ceduna Basin, offshore South Australia, in October 2013.  The Company operates the concession and holds a 50% working interest in the permit covering approximately 4.08 million gross acres.  The exploration permit has commitments for 2D and 3D seismic, to which acquisition was completed in the first half of 2015.  This permit expires in 2020.



In April 2014 and June 2014, Murphy was awarded licenses AC/P57 and AC/P58 in the Vulcan Sub Basin, offshore Western Australia.  The respective blocks cover approximately 82 thousand and 692 thousand gross acres,

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respectively.  These exploration permits cover six years each and require 3D seismic reprocessing and a gravity survey.



In March 2015, Murphy was awarded the AC/P59 license, another acreage position in the Vulcan Sub Basin, offshore Western Australia.  The block covers approximately 288 thousand gross acres.  The exploration permit covers six years and requires 3D seismic reprocessing, which began in December 2015.



In November 2012, Murphy acquired a 20% non-operated working interest in permit WA-408-P in the Browse Basin.  The permit comprises approximately 417 thousand gross acres and expired in 2016.  Two wells were drilled on the license in 2013.  The first well found hydrocarbon but was deemed commercially unsuccessful and was written off to expense.  The second well was also unsuccessful and costs were expensed in 2013.



Brunei

In late 2010, the Company entered into two production sharing agreements for properties offshore Brunei.  The Company had a 5% working interest in Block CA-1 and a 30% working interest in Block CA-2.  In 2015, the Company exercised a preemptive right that increased its working interest in Block CA-1 to 8.051%.  The CA-1 and CA-2 blocks cover 1.44 million and 1.49 million gross acres, respectively.  Three successful gas wells were drilled in Block CA-1 in 2012 and three gas wells were successfully drilled in Block CA-2 in 2013.  The partnership group is evaluating development options for these blocks.



Vietnam

In November 2012, the Company signed a PSC with Vietnam National Oil and Gas Group and PetroVietnam Exploration Production Company, whereby it acquired 65% interest and operatorship of Blocks 144 and 145.  The blocks cover approximately 6.56 million gross acres and are located in the outer Phu Khanh Basin.  The Company acquired 2D seismic for these blocks in 2013 and undertook seabed surveys in 2015 and 2016.



In June 2013, the Company acquired a 60% working interest and operatorship of Block 11-2/11 under a PSC.  The block covers 677 thousand gross acres.  The Company acquired 3D seismic and performed other geological and geophysical studies in this block in 2013.  This concession carries a three-well commitment and the first exploration well was drilled in 2016.



In June 2014, the Company farmed into Block 13-03.  The Company formerly had a 20% working interest in this concession which covered 853 thousand gross acres.  Murphy expensed an unsuccessful exploration well drilled in the block in 2014. The block was fully relinquished in 2016 and final government approval is pending.



In August 2015, the Company signed a farm-in agreement to acquire 35% of Block 15-1/05 that is pending final government approval.



Mexico

In December 2016, Murphy and joint venture partners were the high bidder on Block 5, which was offered as part of Mexico’s fourth phase, Round one deepwater auction (Round 1.4). Murphy expects to be formally awarded the block in early 2017.  Upon government award, Murphy will be the operator of the Block with a 30% working interest.  Block 5 is located in the deepwater Salinas basin covering approximately 2,600 square kilometers (1,000 square miles or 640,000 gross acres) and water depths in this block range from 700 to 1,100 meters (2,300 to 3,500 feet).  The initial exploration period for the license is four years and includes a work program commitment of one well.



Indonesia

In November 2011, the Company acquired a 100% interest in a PSC in the Semai IV block, offshore West Papua.  The concession includes 655 thousand gross acres, and the agreement called for work commitments of seismic acquisition and processing, which have been fulfilled.  The Company requested relinquishment of this license in 2015 and final government approval is pending.



In November 2008, Murphy entered into a PSC in the Semai II block, offshore West Papua.  The Company has a 28.3% interest in the block which covered about 543 thousand gross acres after a required partial relinquishment of acreage during 2012.  3D seismic was acquired in 2010 and three unsuccessful exploration wells have been drilled

in the block, which fulfilled the Company’s work commitment.  The Company requested relinquishment of this license in 2014 and final government approval is pending.



The Company has interests in two exploration licenses in Indonesia and serves as operator of these concessions.  In December 2010, Murphy entered into a PSC in the Wokam II block, offshore West Papua, Moluccas and Papua.  Murphy had a 100% interest in the block which covered 1.22 million gross acres.  The three-year work commitment

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called for seismic acquisition and processing, which the Company completed in 2013.  The Company sold its working interest in the concession to another company in 2016.



In May 2008, the Company entered into a production sharing agreement at a 100% interest in the South Barito

block in south Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.  Following contractually mandated acreage relinquishment in 2012, the block covered approximately 745 thousand gross acres.  The contract granted a six-year exploration term with an optional four-year extension.  The Company requested relinquishment of this license in 2014 and received final government approval in 2016.



Namibia

In March 2014, the Company acquired a 40% working interest and operatorship of Blocks 2613 A/B.  The Company acquired the working interest through a farm-out arrangement under the existing petroleum agreement entered into in October 2011.  The block encompasses 2.73 million gross acres with water depths ranging from 400 to 2,500 meters.  In 2014, Murphy completed acquisition of a new 3D seismic survey over the block.  Upon technical assessment of the seismic data, the Company has elected not to enter the next phase of the contract, which would carry a firm well commitment. The Company provided notice to the Namibian Regulator in 2016 that it will formally assign its interest to the remaining joint venture partner in 2016.



Republic of the Congo

The Company formerly had an interest in a Production Sharing Agreement covering the Mer Profonde Sud (MPS) offshore block in Republic of the Congo.  A producing field in MPS was shut down and ceased production in the fourth quarter of 2013 and abandonment operations were completed in 2014 at which time the Company exited the country.



Ecuador – Discontinued Operations

Murphy sold its 20% working interest in Block 16, Ecuador in March 2009.  In October 2007, the government of Ecuador passed a law that increased its share of revenue for sales prices that exceed a base price (about $23.36 per barrel at December 31, 2008) from 50% to 99%.  The government had previously enacted a 50% revenue sharing rate in April 2006.  The Company initiated arbitration proceedings against the government in one arbitral body claiming that the government did not have the right under the contract to enact the revenue sharing provision.  In 2010, the arbitration panel determined that it lacked jurisdiction over the claim due to technicalities.  The arbitration was refiled in 2011 before a different arbitral body and the arbitration hearing was held in late 2014.  On February 10, 2017, the arbitration panel issued its final decision in this matter and awarded Murphy the sum of $31.3 million. 



Proved Reserves



Total proved reserves for crude oil, synthetic oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas as of December 31, 2016 are presented in the following table.









 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Proved Reserves



 

Crude

 

Natural Gas

 

 



 

Oil

 

Liquids

 

Natural Gas



 

 

 

 

 

 

Proved Developed Reserves:

 

(millions of barrels)

 

(billions of cubic feet)

     United States

 

113.9 

 

20.8 

 

138.7 

     Canada

 

19.2 

 

0.9 

 

498.9 

     Malaysia

 

51.8 

 

0.5 

 

180.5 

              Total proved developed reserves

 

184.9 

 

22.2 

 

818.1 

Proved Undeveloped Reserves:

 

 

 

 

 

 

     United States

 

100.5 

 

15.6 

 

80.7 

     Canada

 

29.7 

 

4.7 

 

620.0 

     Malaysia

 

13.9 

 

 –

 

359.2 

              Total proved undeveloped reserves

 

144.1 

 

20.3 

 

1,059.9 

              Total proved reserves

 

329.0 

 

42.5 

 

1,878.0 



6


 

Murphy Oil’s total proved reserves and proved undeveloped reserves decreased during 2016 as presented in the table that follows:





 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 



 

Total

 

Total Proved



 

Proved 

 

Undeveloped

(Millions of oil equivalent barrels)

 

Reserves

 

Reserves

     Beginning of year

 

774.0 

 

295.3 

     Revisions of previous estimates

 

3.0 

 

(2.5)

     Extension and discoveries

 

41.3 

 

26.8 

     Conversion to proved developed reserves

 

 –

 

(21.3)

     Purchases of properties

 

51.8 

 

46.5 

     Sales of properties

 

(121.3)

 

(3.7)

     Production

 

(64.3)

 

 –

     End of year

 

684.5 

 

341.1 







During 2016, Murphy’s proved reserves decreased by 89.5 million barrels of oil equivalent (mmboe).  The Company sold its 5% undivided interest in Syncrude in June 2016, which led to a reduction of 113.2 MMBOE of proved reserves.   The most significant adds to total proved reserves related to drilling and well performance in the Montney gas area of Western Canada that added 20.8 MMBOE, proved property acquisitions in the Kaybob Duvernay and Placid Montney areas in Canada that added 51.8 MMBOE and drilling and well performance in the Gulf of Mexico that added 5.7 mmboe.  Murphy’s total proved undeveloped reserves at December 31, 2016 increased 45.8 MMBOE from a year earlier.  The newly reported proved undeveloped reserves reported in the table as extensions and discoveries during 2016 were predominantly attributable to two areas – drilling in the Eagle Ford Shale area of South Texas and the Tupper area in Western Canada as these areas had active development work ongoing during the year.  The majority of proved undeveloped reserves reductions associated with revisions of previous estimates was the result of lower oil and gas prices causing these volumes to either become uneconomical or expire due to reallocated capital.  The majority of the proved undeveloped reserves migration to the proved developed category are attributable to drilling in Eagle Ford Shale, Malaysia and Tupper.  The Company spent approximately $214 million in 2016 to convert proved undeveloped reserves to proved developed reserves.  The Company expects to spend about $641 million in 2017, $564 million in 2018 and $629 million in 2019 to move currently undeveloped proved reserves to the developed category.  The anticipated level of spend in 2017 primarily includes drilling in the Eagle Ford Shale, Kaybob, Placid and Tupper areas.  In computing MMBOE, natural gas is converted to equivalent barrels of oil using a ratio of six thousand cubic feet (MCF) to one barrel of oil.



At December 31, 2016, proved reserves are included for several development projects, including oil developments at the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas and the Kakap, Kikeh and Siakap fields, offshore Sabah, Malaysia, as well as natural gas developments offshore Sarawak and offshore Block H, Malaysia.  Total proved undeveloped reserves associated with various development projects at December 31, 2016 were approximately 341.1 MMBOE, which represent 50% of the Company’s total proved reserves.  Certain development projects have proved undeveloped reserves that will take more than five years to bring to production.  The Company operates deepwater fields in the Gulf of Mexico that have three undeveloped locations that exceed this five-year window.  Total reserves associated with the three locations amount to approximately 1% of the Company’s total proved reserves at year-end 2016.  The development of certain of these reserves stretches beyond five years due to limited well slots available, thus making it necessary to wait for depletion of other wells prior to initiating further development of these locations.  The second project that will take more than five years to develop is offshore Malaysia and makes up approximately 1% of the Company’s total proved reserves at year-end 2016.  This project is an extension of the Sarawak natural gas project and is expected to be on production in 2018 once current project production volumes decline.  Additionally, the Block H development project has undeveloped proved reserves that make up 8% of the Company’s total proved reserves at year-end 2016.  This operated project will take longer than five years from discovery to completely develop due to a slight deferral or development of construction of floating LNG facilities operated by another company due to weak oil prices during 2016.  Field start up is expected to occur in 2020, which is less than five years beyond the period that proved undeveloped reserves were first recorded.





7


 

Murphy Oil’s Reserves Processes and Policies



The Company employs a Manager of Corporate Reserves (Manager) who is independent of the Company’s oil and gas operational management.  The Manager reports to the Senior Vice President, Corporate Planning & Services, of Murphy Oil Corporation, who in turn reports to the Chief Financial Officer of Murphy Oil.  The Manager makes annual presentations to the Board of Directors about the Company’s reserves.  The Manager reviews and discusses reserves estimates directly with the Company’s reservoir engineering staff in order to make every effort to ensure compliance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and industry.  The Manager coordinates and oversees third party and other reserves audits.  The third party audits are performed annually and under financing arrangements with lenders, audits are to cover 70% of the value of the Company’s proved reserves.  The Manager utilizes qualified independent reserves consultants to perform independent audits of reserves.  Internal audits may also be performed by the Manager and qualified engineering staff from areas of the Company other than the area being audited by third parties.  The Company reports its internal assessments of proved reserves and only uses the third party audit results as an independent assessment of its internal computations.



Each significant exploration and production office maintains one or more Qualified Reserve Estimators (QRE) on staff.  The QRE is responsible for estimating and evaluating reserves and other reserves information for his or her assigned area.  The QRE may personally make the estimates and evaluations of reserves or may supervise and approve the estimation and evaluation thereof by others.  A QRE is professionally qualified to perform these reserves estimates due to having sufficient educational background, professional training and professional experience to enable him or her to exercise prudent professional judgment.



This requires a minimum of three years practical experience in petroleum engineering or petroleum production geology, with at least one year of such experience being in the estimation and evaluation of reserves, and either a bachelors or advanced degree in petroleum engineering, geology or other discipline of engineering or physical science from a college or university of recognized stature, or the equivalent thereof from an appropriate government authority or professional organization.



Larger offices of the Company also employ a Regional Reserves Coordinator (RRC) who supervises the local QREs.  The RRC is usually a senior QRE that has the primary responsibility for coordinating and submitting reserves information to senior management.



The Company’s QREs maintain files containing pertinent data regarding each significant reservoir.  Each file includes sufficient data to support the calculations or analogies used to develop the values.  Examples of data included in the file, as appropriate, include:  production histories; pertinent drilling and workover histories; bottom hole pressure data; volumetric, material balance, analogy or other pertinent reserve estimation data; production performance curves; narrative descriptions of the methods and logic used to determine reserves values; maps and logs; and a signed copy of the conclusion of the QRE stating, that in their opinion, the reserves have been calculated, reviewed, documented and reported in compliance with the regulations and guidelines contained in the reserves training manual.  The Company’s reserves are maintained in an industry recognized reservoir engineering software system, which has adequate access controls to avoid the possibility of improper manipulation of data.  When reserves calculations are completed by QREs and appropriately reviewed by RRCs and the Manager, the conclusions are reviewed and discussed with the head of the Company’s exploration and production business and other senior management as appropriate.  The Company’s Controller’s department is responsible for preparing and filing reserves schedules within the Form 10-K report.



Murphy provides annual training to all company reserves estimators to ensure SEC requirements associated with reserves estimation and Form 10-K reporting are fulfilled.  The training includes materials provided to each participant that outlines the latest guidance from the SEC as well as best practices for many engineering and geologic matters related to reserves estimation.



Qualifications of Manager of Corporate Reserves



The Company believes that it has qualified employees preparing oil and gas reserves estimates.  Mr. F. Michael Lasswell serves as Corporate Reserves Manager after joining the Company in 2012.  Prior to joining Murphy, Mr. Lasswell was employed as a Regional Coordinator of reserves at a major integrated oil company.  He worked in several capacities in the reservoir engineering department with the oil company from 2002 to 2012.  Mr. Lasswell earned a Bachelor’s of Science degree in Civil Engineering and a Masters of Science degree in Geotechnical Engineering from Brigham Young University.  Mr. Lasswell has experience working in the reservoir engineering field in numerous areas of the world, including the North Sea, the U.S. Arctic, the Middle East and Asia Pacific.  He is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), is a past member of its Oil and Gas Reserves Committee (OGRC) and is also co-author of a paper on the Recognition of Reserves which was published by the SPE. Mr. Lasswell has also attended numerous industry training courses.

8


 

More information regarding Murphy’s estimated quantities of proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas for the last three years are presented by geographic area on pages 105 through 111 of this Form 10-K report.  Murphy has not filed and is not required to file any estimates of its total proved oil or gas reserves on a recurring basis with any federal or foreign governmental regulatory authority or agency other than the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.  Annually, Murphy reports gross reserves of properties operated in the United States to the U.S. Department of Energy; such reserves are derived from the same data from which estimated proved reserves of such properties are determined.



Crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids production and sales, and natural gas sales by geographic area with weighted average sales prices for each of the three years ended December 31, 2016 are shown on pages 29 and 31 of this Form 10-K Report.  In 2016, the Company’s production of oil and natural gas represented approximately 0.1% of worldwide totals.



Production expenses for the last three years in U.S. dollars per equivalent barrel are discussed beginning on page 33 of this Form 10-K report.  For purposes of these computations, natural gas sales volumes are converted to equivalent barrels of oil using a ratio of six MCF of natural gas to one barrel of oil.



Supplemental disclosures relating to oil and gas producing activities are reported on pages 103 through 116 of this Form 10-K report.



At December 31, 2016, Murphy held leases, concessions, contracts or permits on developed and undeveloped acreage as shown by geographic area in the following table.  Gross acres are those in which all or part of the working interest is owned by Murphy.  Net acres are the portions of the gross acres attributable to Murphy’s interest.









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Developed

 

Undeveloped

 

Total

Area (Thousands of acres)

Gross

 

Net

 

Gross

 

Net

 

Gross

 

Net

United States  – Onshore

110 

 

100 

 

41 

 

41 

 

151 

 

141 

                     – Gulf of Mexico

15 

 

 

581 

 

331 

 

596 

 

337 

              Total United States

125 

 

106 

 

622 

 

372 

 

747 

 

478 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canada – Onshore

103 

 

94 

 

721 

 

571 

 

824 

 

665 

            – Offshore

101 

 

 

43 

 

 

144 

 

10 

              Total Canada

204 

 

102 

 

764 

 

573 

 

968 

 

675 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malaysia

257 

 

150 

 

1,884 

 

896 

 

2,141 

 

1,046 

Australia

 –

 

 –

 

6,222 

 

3,180 

 

6,222 

 

3,180 

Brunei

 –

 

 –

 

2,935 

 

563 

 

2,935 

 

563 

Vietnam

 –

 

 –

 

7,241 

 

4,673 

 

7,241 

 

4,673 

Namibia

 –

 

 –

 

2,734 

 

1,094 

 

2,734 

 

1,094 

Indonesia

 –

 

 –

 

1,198 

 

809 

 

1,198 

 

809 

Spain

 –

 

 –

 

36 

 

 

36 

 

              Totals

586 

 

358 

 

23,636 

 

12,166 

 

24,222 

 

12,524 



Certain acreage held by the Company will expire in the next three years.  Scheduled acreage expirations in 2017 include 547 thousand net acres in Block 2613 in Namibia; 427 thousand net acres in Block 144 in Vietnam; 427 thousand net acres in Block 145 in Vietnam; 81 thousand net acres in Block 11-2/11 in Vietnam; 154 thousand net acres in Semai II Block in Indonesia; 42 thousand net acres in Block WA-408-P in Australia; and 33 thousand net acres in Western Canada.  Acreage currently scheduled to expire in 2018 include 655 thousand net acres in Semai IV Block in Indonesia; 111 thousand net acres in the United States; and 15 thousand net acres in Western Canada.  Scheduled expirations in 2019 include 290 thousand net acres in Block H in Malaysia; 128 thousand net acres in Western Canada; 36 thousand net acres in Block PM 311 in Malaysia and 15 thousand net acres in the United States.

9


 

As used in the three tables that follow, “gross” wells are the total wells in which all or part of the working interest is owned by Murphy, and “net” wells are the total of the Company’s fractional working interests in gross wells expressed as the equivalent number of wholly owned wells.  An “exploratory” well is drilled to find and produce crude oil or natural gas in an unproved area and includes delineation wells which target a new reservoir in a field known to be productive or to extend a known reservoir beyond the proved area.  A “development” well is drilled within the proved area of an oil or natural gas reservoir that is known to be productive.



The following table shows the number of oil and gas wells producing or capable of producing at December 31, 2016.









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Oil Wells

 

Gas Wells



 

Gross

 

Net

 

Gross

 

Net

Country

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

824 

 

683 

 

19 

 

15 

Canada

 

478 

 

465 

 

338 

 

292 

Malaysia

 

100 

 

52 

 

57 

 

36 

        Totals

 

1,402 

 

1,200 

 

414 

 

343 



Murphy’s net wells drilled in the last three years are shown in the following table.









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



United States

 

Canada

 

Malaysia

 

Other

 

Totals



Pro-

 

 

 

Pro-

 

 

 

Pro-

 

 

 

Pro-

 

 

 

Pro-

 

 



ductive

 

Dry

 

ductive

 

Dry

 

ductive

 

Dry

 

ductive

 

Dry

 

ductive

 

Dry

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploratory

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

0.7 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

0.7 

Development

51.5 

 

 -

 

7.0 

 

 -

 

3.0 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

61.5 

 

 -

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploratory

 -

 

2.2 

 

 -

 

 -

 

2.0 

 

1.2 

 

 -

 

1.2 

 

2.0 

 

4.6 

Development

109.6 

 

 -

 

7.0 

 

 -

 

15.9 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

132.5 

 

 -

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploratory

1.0 

 

0.8 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

1.9 

 

1.0 

 

2.7 

Development

187.2 

 

 -

 

48.0 

 

11.0 

 

16.2 

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

251.4 

 

11.0 



The Canadian dry development wells shown above in 2014 are stratigraphic wells used to obtain information about Seal area heavy oil reservoirs.  The Company completed the sale of its interest in the Seal area in January 2017.



Murphy’s drilling wells in progress at December 31, 2016 are shown in the following table.  The year-end well count includes wells awaiting various completion operations.  The U.S. net wells included below are essentially all located in the Eagle Ford Shale area of South Texas.









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Exploratory

 

Development

 

Total

Country

 

Gross

 

Net

 

    Gross

 

       Net

 

    Gross

 

       Net

United States

 

1.0 

 

0.3 

 

22.0 

 

21.0 

 

23.0 

 

21.3 

Canada

 

 -

 

 -

 

2.0 

 

2.0 

 

2.0 

 

2.0 

       Totals

 

1.0 

 

0.3 

 

24.0 

 

23.0 

 

25.0 

 

23.3 



10


 

Refining and Marketing – Discontinued Operations



The Company decommissioned the Milford Haven refinery units and completed the sale of its remaining downstream assets in the U.K. in 2015 for cash proceeds of $5.5 million.  The Company has accounted for this U.K. downstream business as discontinued operations for all periods presented.



All of the results of the U.K. downstream businesses have been reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented in this report.



Environmental



Murphy’s businesses are subject to various international, national, state, provincial and local environmental laws and regulations that govern the manner in which the Company conducts its operations.  The Company anticipates that these requirements will continue to become more complex and stringent in the future.



Further information on environmental matters and their impact on Murphy are contained in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations on pages 41 and 42.



Web site Access to SEC Reports



Murphy Oil’s internet Web site address is http://www.murphyoilcorp.com. Information contained on the Company’s Web site is not part of this report on Form 10-K.



The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available on Murphy’s Web site, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC.  You may also access these reports at the SEC’s Web site at http://www.sec.gov.

11


 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS



Volatility in the global prices of crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas can significantly affect the Company’s operating results.

Among the most significant variables affecting the Company’s results of operations are the sales prices for crude oil and natural gas that it produces. The indices against which much of the Company’s production is priced have been volatile in recent years, and sales prices for crude oil and natural gas can be significantly different in U.S. markets compared to markets in foreign locations.

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) prices averaged about $43 per barrel in 2016, compared to $49 per barrel in 2015 and $93 per barrel in 2014. The closing price for WTI at the end of 2016 was approximately $54 per barrel. As demonstrated by the significant decline in WTI crude oil prices in late 2014 and further declines over 2015 and early 2016, prices can be quite volatile. A portion of the Company’s crude oil production is more sour than WTI quality crude; therefore, this crude oil usually sells at a discount to WTI and other light and sweet crude oils. In addition, the sales prices for sour crude oils do not always move in relation to price changes for WTI and lighter/sweeter crude oils, including certain U.S. and Canadian crude oils and all crude oil produced in Malaysia, generally price off oil indices other than WTI, and these indices are influenced by different supply and demand forces than those that affect the U.S. WTI prices. The most common crude oil indices used to price the Company’s crude include Louisiana Light Sweet (LLS), Brent and Malaysian crude oil indices

The average NYMEX natural gas sales price was $2.48 per thousand cubic feet (MCF) in 2016, down from $2.61 per MCF in 2015 and $4.34 per MCF in 2014. The closing price for NYMEX natural gas trades as of December 31, 2016, was $3.72 per MCF. Certain natural gas production offshore Sarawak have been sold in recent years at a premium to average NYMEX natural gas prices due to pricing structures built into the sales contracts. Associated natural gas produced at fields in Block K offshore Sabah, representing approximately 3% of the Company’s 2016 natural gas sales volumes, is sold at heavily discounted prices compared to NYMEX gas prices as stipulated in the sales contract.

The Company cannot predict how changes in the sales prices of oil and natural gas will affect its results of operations in future periods. The Company often seeks to hedge a portion of its exposure to the effects of changing prices of crude oil and natural gas by selling forwards, swaps and other forms of derivative contracts.

Low oil and natural gas prices may adversely affect the Company’s operations in several ways in the future.

As noted elsewhere in this report, crude oil prices were again weaker in 2016 than in prior years. WTI oil prices averaged about $43 per barrel in 2016, but have improved above $50 per barrel in late 2016 and early 2017. Low oil and natural gas prices adversely affect the Company in several ways, and as noted below could continue to do so in 2017 if prices remain low or decline further.

·

Lower sales value for the Company’s oil and natural gas production hurts cash flows and net income.

·

Lower cash flows may cause the Company to reduce its capital expenditure program, thereby potentially hampering its ability to grow production and add proved reserves. The Company may continue to restrict its capital expenditures to balance its cash positions going forward.

·

Lower oil and natural gas prices could lead to further impairment charges in future periods.

·

A weakening of oil and natural gas prices could lead to reductions in the Company’s proved reserves in 2017 or future years. Low prices could make certain of the Company’s proved reserves uneconomic, which in turn could lead to removal of certain of the Company’s 2016 year-end reported proved oil reserves in future periods. These reserve reductions could be significant.

·

Low oil prices have adversely impacted the Company’s financial metrics, and the credit rating agencies tend to lower credit ratings during such periods of low commodity prices. In addition, banks and other suppliers of financing capital have generally reduced their lending limits in response to the lower oil price environment. In February 2016, Moody’s Investor Services downgraded the Company’s senior unsecured notes to a “B1” rating, effectively reducing the Company’s credit to below investment grade status. Also, in February 2016, Fitch Rating downgraded the Company’s notes to below investment grade. Standard & Poor’s rates the Company’s debt as investment grade at “BBB-.  The Company’s ability to obtain financing is affected by the Company’s debt credit ratings and competition for available debt financing. Any further lowering of the Company’s debt credit ratings could increase the Company’s cost of capital and make it more difficult for the Company to borrow.

12


 

·

Low prices for oil and natural gas could lead to weaker market prices for the Company’s common stock and could cause the Company to lower its dividend.

Certain of these effects are further discussed in risk factors that follow.

Murphy Oil’s businesses operate in highly competitive environments, which could adversely affect it in many ways, including its profitability, its ability to grow, and its ability to manage its businesses.

Murphy operates in the oil and gas industry and experiences intense competition from other oil and gas companies, which include state-owned foreign oil companies, major integrated oil companies, and independent producers of oil and natural gas. Virtually all of the state-owned and major integrated oil companies and many of the independent producers that compete with the Company have substantially greater resources than Murphy. In addition, the oil industry as a whole competes with other industries in supplying energy requirements around the world. Murphy competes, among other things, for valuable acreage positions, exploration licenses, drilling equipment and human resources.

If Murphy cannot replace its oil and natural gas reserves, it may not be able to sustain or grow its business.

Murphy continually depletes its oil and natural gas reserves as production occurs. In order to sustain and grow its business, the Company must successfully replace the crude oil and natural gas it produces with additional reserves. Therefore, it must create and maintain a portfolio of good prospects for future reserves additions and production by obtaining rights to explore for, develop and produce hydrocarbons in promising areas. In addition, it must find, develop and produce and/or purchase reserves at a competitive cost structure to be successful in the long-term. Murphy’s ability to operate profitably in the exploration and production segments of its business, therefore, is dependent on its ability to find, develop and produce and/or purchase oil and natural gas reserves at costs that are less than the realized sales price for these products and at costs competitive with competing companies in the industry. In response to significantly lower oil prices in recent years, the Company has reduced its exploration program from previous years’ levels, which is expected to reduce the rate at which it is able to replace reserves.

Murphy’s proved reserves are based on the professional judgment of its engineers and may be subject to revision.

Proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas liquids (NGL) and natural gas included in this report on pages 105 through 111 have been prepared by qualified Company personnel or qualified independent engineers based on an unweighted average of crude oil, NGL and natural gas prices in effect at the beginning of each month of the respective year as well as other conditions and information available at the time the estimates were prepared. Estimation of reserves is a subjective process that involves professional judgment by engineers about volumes to be recovered in future periods from underground oil and natural gas reservoirs. Estimates of economically recoverable crude oil, NGL and natural gas reserves and future net cash flows depend upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, and consequently, different engineers could arrive at different estimates of reserves and future net cash flows based on the same available data and using industry accepted engineering practices and scientific methods. Under existing SEC rules, reported proved reserves must be reasonably certain of recovery in future periods.

Murphy’s actual future oil and natural gas production may vary substantially from its reported quantity of proved reserves due to a number of factors, including:

·

Oil and natural gas prices which are materially different from prices used to compute proved reserves

·

Operating and/or capital costs which are materially different from those assumed to compute proved reserves

·

Future reservoir performance which is materially different from models used to compute proved reserves, and

·

Governmental regulations or actions which materially change operations of a field.

The Company’s proved undeveloped reserves represent significant portions of total proved reserves. As of December 31, 2016, approximately 44% of the Company’s crude oil proved reserves, 48% of natural gas liquids proved reserves and 56% of natural gas proved reserves are undeveloped. The ability of the Company to reclassify these undeveloped proved reserves to the proved developed classification is generally dependent on the successful completion of one or more operations, which might include further development drilling, construction of facilities or pipelines, and well workovers.



The discounted future net revenues from our proved reserves as reported on pages 115 and 116 should not be considered as the market value of the reserves attributable to our properties. As required by generally accepted

13


 

accounting principles (GAAP), the estimated discounted future net revenues from our proved reserves are based on an unweighted average of the oil and natural gas prices in effect at the beginning of each month during the year. Actual future prices and costs may be materially higher or lower than those used in the reserves computations.

In addition, the 10 percent discount factor that is required to be used to calculate discounted future net revenues for reporting purposes under GAAP is not necessarily the most appropriate discount factor based on our cost of capital and the risks associated with our business and the crude oil and natural gas business in general.

Exploration drilling results can significantly affect the Company’s operating results.

The Company drills exploratory wells each year which subjects its exploration and production operating results to significant exposure to dry holes expense, which may have adverse effects on, and create volatility for, the Company’s results of operations. In response to significantly lower oil prices, the Company has reduced its exploration program from previous years’ levels. In 2016 wildcat wells were primarily drilled offshore Vietnam, Malaysia and in the Gulf of Mexico. The Company’s 2017 planned exploratory drilling program presently includes commitment wells in Block SK 314A in Malaysia and in Blocks 11-21/11 and 15-1/05 in Vietnam, and one discretionary well in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.

Potential federal or state regulations could increase the Company’s costs and/or restrict operating methods, which could adversely affect its production levels.

The Company’s onshore North America oil and gas production is dependent on a technique known as hydraulic fracturing whereby water, sand and certain chemicals are injected into deep oil and gas bearing reservoirs in North America. This process creates fractures in the rock formation within the reservoir which enables oil and natural gas to migrate to the wellbore. The Company primarily uses this technique in the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas and in Western Canada. This practice is generally regulated by the states, but at times the U.S. has proposed additional regulation under the Safe Drinking Water Act. In June 2011, the State of Texas adopted a law requiring public disclosure of certain information regarding the components used in the hydraulic fracturing process. The Provinces of British Columbia and Alberta have also issued regulations related to hydraulic fracturing activities under their jurisdictions. It is possible that the states, the U.S., Canadian provinces and certain municipalities adopt further laws or regulations which could render the process unlawful, less effective or drive up its costs. If any such action is taken in the future, the Company’s production levels could be adversely affected or its costs of drilling and completion could be increased.

In April 2016, the U.S. Department of the Interior’s (DOI) Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) enacted broad regulatory changes related to Gulf of Mexico well design, well control, casing, cementing, real-time monitoring, and subsea containment, among other items. These changes are known broadly as the Well Control Rule, and compliance is required over the next several years. Recent BSEE interpretation and enforcement of the Rule appear, at this time, to present reduced risk of a significant business impact to the Company. However, some provisions remain for which BSEE future enforcement action and intent are unclear, so risk of impact leading to increased future cost on the Company’s Gulf of Mexico operations remains.

In July 2016, the DOI’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) issued an updated Notice to Lessees and Operators (NTL) providing details on revised procedures BOEM will be using to determine a lessee’s ability to carry out decommissioning obligations for activities on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), including the Gulf of Mexico. This revised policy became effective in September 2016 and institutes new criteria by which the BOEM will evaluate the financial strength and reliability of lessees and operators active on the OCS. If the BOEM determines under the revised policy that a company does not have the financial ability to meet its decommissioning and other obligations, that company will be required to post additional financial security as assurance. In January 2017 BOEM extended the implementation timeline for the NTL by six months for properties which have co-lessees, and in February BOEM withdrew sole liability orders issued in December to allow time for the new administration to review the financial assurance program for decommissioning. Although the Company believes the new BOEM policy will lead to increased costs for its Gulf of Mexico operations, it does not currently believe that the impact will be material to its operations in the Gulf of Mexico.

In the future, BOEM and/or BSEE may impose new and more stringent offshore operating regulations which may adversely affect the Company’s operations.

14


 

Hydraulic fracturing exposes the Company to operational and regulatory risks and third party claims.

Hydraulic fracturing operations subject the Company to operational risks inherent in the drilling and production of oil and natural gas. These risks include underground migration or surface spillage due to releases of oil, natural gas, formation water or well fluids, as well as any related surface or ground water contamination, including from petroleum constituents or hydraulic fracturing chemical additives. Ineffective containment of surface spillage and surface or ground water contamination resulting from hydraulic fracturing operations, including from petroleum constituents or hydraulic fracturing chemical additives, could result in environmental pollution, remediation expenses and third party claims alleging damages, which could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. In addition, hydraulic fracturing requires significant quantities of water, and waste water from oil and gas operations is often disposed of through underground injection. Certain increased seismic activities have been linked to underground water injection. Any diminished access to water for use in the hydraulic fracturing process, any inability to properly dispose of waste water, or any further restrictions placed on waste water, could curtail the Company’s operations or otherwise result in operational delays or increased costs.

Climate change initiatives and other environmental rules or regulations could reduce demand for crude oil and natural gas, which may adversely impact the Company’s business.

The issue of climate change has caused considerable attention to be directed towards initiatives to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. For example, the United States entered into an international climate agreement (the “Paris Agreement”) at the 2015 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris, France. The Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016 and the United States is one of over 100 nations that have indicated an intent to comply with the agreement, which will take effect in 2020. It is possible that the Paris Agreement, if fully implemented, and other such initiatives, including environmental rules or regulations related to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, may reduce the demand for crude oil and natural gas in the U.S. and other countries. While the magnitude of any reduction in hydrocarbon demand is difficult to predict, such a development could adversely impact the Company and other companies engaged in the exploration and production business. Although the new U.S. administration has expressed skepticism about the Paris Agreement, it is currently unclear whether the United States will withdraw from the Paris Agreement or otherwise avoid complying with the agreement.

Capital financing may not always be available to fund Murphy’s activities.

Murphy usually must spend and risk a significant amount of capital to find and develop reserves before revenue is generated from production. Although most capital needs are funded from operating cash flow, the timing of cash flows from operations and capital funding needs may not always coincide, and the levels of cash flow generated by operations may not fully cover capital funding requirements, especially in periods of low commodity prices such as those experienced in 2015 and 2016. Therefore, the Company maintains financing arrangements with lending institutions to meet certain funding needs. The Company must periodically renew these financing arrangements based on foreseeable financing needs or as they expire. The Company has two primary bank financing facilities with capacities of $0.6 billion and $1.1 billion that mature in May 2017 and August 2019, respectively. There is the possibility that financing arrangements may not always be available at sufficient levels required to fund the Company’s activities in future periods. In February 2016, Moody’s Investor Services downgraded the Company’s senior unsecured notes to a “B1” rating, effectively reducing the Company’s credit to below investment grade status. Also, in February 2016, Fitch Rating downgraded the Company’s notes to below investment grade. These credit ratings of below investment grade could adversely affect our cost of capital and our ability to raise debt as needed in public markets in future periods. Additionally, in order to obtain debt financing in future years, the Company may have to provide more security to its lenders. The downgrade in the Company’s credit rating by Moody’s in 2016 led to increased debt service costs for certain outstanding notes, and also made it more likely that the Company would have to post collateral such as letters of credit or cash as financial assurance of its performance under certain contractual arrangements. The Company’s primary revolving credit facility requires granting of security by the Company in certain circumstances. See further explanation in Note G of the Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company has a shelf registration statement on file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission that permits the offer and sale of debt and/or equity securities through October 2018. Although not considered likely, the Company may not be able in the future to sell notes in the marketplace at interest rates that are acceptable to it.

Murphy has limited or virtually no control over several factors that could adversely affect the Company.

The ability of the Company to successfully manage development and operating costs is important because virtually all of the products it sells are energy commodities such as crude oil, NGL and natural gas, for which the Company has little or no influence on the sales prices or regional and worldwide consumer demand for these products. Changes in commodity prices also impact the volume of production attributed to the Company under production sharing contracts in Malaysia. Economic slowdowns, such as those experienced in 2008 and 2009, had a detrimental

15


 

effect on the worldwide demand for these energy commodities, which effectively led to reduced prices for oil and natural gas for a period of time. An oversupply of crude oil in 2015 and much of 2016 led to a severe decline in worldwide oil prices. Lower prices for crude oil, NGL and natural gas inevitably lead to lower earnings for the Company. The low crude oil price environment in 2016 has caused the Company to reduce spending on discretionary drilling programs, which in turn hurts the Company’s future production levels and future cash flow generated from operations. The Company often experiences pressure on its operating and capital expenditures in periods of strong crude oil and natural gas prices because an increase in exploration and production activities due to high oil and gas sales prices generally leads to higher demand for, and consequently higher costs for, goods and services in the oil and gas industry. The somewhat higher oil prices in late 2016 and early 2017 could lead to inflation in oil field goods and service costs beginning in 2017.

Certain of the Company’s major oil and natural gas producing properties are operated by others. Therefore, Murphy does not fully control all activities at certain of its significant revenue generating properties. During 2016, approximately 16% of the Company’s total production was at fields operated by others, while at December 31, 2016, approximately 9% of the Company’s total proved reserves were at fields operated by others.

Additionally, the Company relies on the availability of transportation and processing facilities that are often owned by others. These third party systems and facilities may not always be available to the Company, and if available, may not be available at a price that is acceptable to the Company.

Failure of our partners to fund their share of development costs or obtain financing could result in delay or cancellation of future projects, thus limiting our growth and future cash flows.

Some of Murphy’s development projects entail significant capital expenditures and have long development cycle times. As a result, the Company’s partners must be able to fund their share of investment costs through the development cycle, through cash flow from operations, external credit facilities, or other sources, including financing arrangements. Murphy’s partners are also susceptible to certain of the risk factors noted herein, including, but not limited to, commodity price declines, fiscal regime changes, government project approval delays, regulatory changes, credit downgrades and regional conflict. If one or more of these factors negatively impacts a project partners’ cash flows or ability to obtain adequate financing, it could result in a delay or cancellation of a project, resulting in a reduction of the Company’s reserves and production, negatively impacting the timing and receipt of planned cash flows and expected profitability.

Murphy’s operations and earnings have been and will continue to be affected by worldwide political developments.

Many governments, including those that are members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), unilaterally intervene at times in the orderly market of crude oil and natural gas produced in their countries through such actions as setting prices, determining rates of production, and controlling who may buy and sell the production. As of December 31, 2016, approximately 23% of the Company’s proved reserves, as defined by the SEC, were located in countries other than the U.S. and Canada. Certain of the reserves held outside these two countries could be considered to have more political risk. In addition, prices and availability of crude oil, natural gas and refined products could be influenced by political unrest and by various governmental policies to restrict or increase petroleum usage and supply. Other governmental actions that could affect Murphy’s operations and earnings include expropriation, tax changes, royalty increases, redefinition of international boundaries, preferential and discriminatory awarding of oil and gas leases, restrictions on drilling and/or production, restraints and controls on imports and exports, safety, and relationships between employers and employees. Governments could also initiate regulations concerning matters such as currency fluctuations, currency conversion, protection and remediation of the environment, and concerns over the possibility of global warming or other climate change being affected by human activity including the production and use of hydrocarbon energy. A number of non-governmental entities routinely attempt to influence industry members and government energy policy in an effort to limit industry activities, such as hydrocarbon production, drilling and hydraulic fracturing with the desire to minimize the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which may harm air quality, and to restrict hydrocarbon spills, which may harm land and/or groundwater. Additionally, because of the numerous countries in which the Company operates, certain other risks exist, including the application of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the Canada Corruption of Foreign Officials Act, the Malaysia Anti-Corruption Commission Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, and similar anti-corruption compliance statutes. Because these and other factors too numerous to list are subject to changes caused by governmental and political considerations and are often made in response to changing internal and worldwide economic conditions and to actions of other governments or specific events, we cannot predict the effects of such factors on Murphy’s future operations and earnings.

16


 

Murphy’s business is subject to operational hazards, security risks and risks normally associated with the exploration for and production of oil and natural gas.

The Company operates in urban and remote, and often inhospitable, areas around the world. The occurrence of an event, including but not limited to acts of nature such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and other forms of severe weather, and mechanical equipment failures, industrial accidents, fires, explosions, acts of war, civil unrest, piracy and acts of terrorism could result in the loss of hydrocarbons and associated revenues, environmental pollution or contamination, personal injury, including death, and property damages for which the Company could be deemed to be liable, and which could subject the Company to substantial fines and/or claims for punitive damages.

The location of many of Murphy’s key assets causes the Company to be vulnerable to severe weather, including hurricanes and tropical storms. A number of significant oil and natural gas fields lie in offshore waters around the world. Probably the most vulnerable of the Company’s offshore fields are in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, where severe hurricanes and tropical storms have often led to shutdowns and damages. The U.S. hurricane season runs from June through November. Although the Company maintains insurance for such risks as described elsewhere in this Form 10-K report, due to policy deductibles and possible coverage limits, weather-related risks are not fully insured.

In addition, the Company has risks associated with cybersecurity attacks. Although the Company maintains processes and systems to monitor and avoid damages from security threats, there can be no assurance that such processes and systems will successfully avert such security breaches. A successful breach could lead to system disruptions, loss of data or unauthorized release of highly sensitive data. This could lead to property or environmental damages and could have an adverse effect on the Company’s revenues and costs.

Murphy’s commodity price risk management priorities may limit the Company’s ability to fully benefit from potential future price increases for oil and natural gas.

The Company routinely enters into various contracts to protect its cash flows against lower oil and natural gas prices. Because of these contracts, if the prices for oil and natural gas increase in future periods, the Company will not fully benefit from the price improvement on all of its production.

Murphy’s insurance may not be adequate to offset costs associated with certain events and there can be no assurance that insurance coverage will continue to be available in the future on terms that justify its purchase.

Murphy maintains insurance against certain, but not all, hazards that could arise from its operations. The Company maintains liability insurance sufficient to cover its share of gross insured claim costs up to approximately $500 million per occurrence and in the annual aggregate. Generally, this insurance covers various types of third party claims related to personal injury, death and property damage, including claims arising from “sudden and accidental” pollution events. The Company also maintains insurance coverage with an additional limit of $400 million per occurrence ($850 million for Gulf of Mexico operations not related to a named windstorm), all or part of which could be applicable to certain sudden and accidental pollution events. These policies have deductibles ranging from $10 million to $25 million. The occurrence of an event that is not insured or not fully insured could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations in the future.

Lawsuits against Murphy and its subsidiaries could adversely affect its operating results.

The Company is involved in numerous lawsuits seeking cash settlements for alleged personal injuries, property damages and other business-related matters. Certain of these lawsuits will take many years to resolve through court proceedings or negotiated settlements. None of the currently pending lawsuits are considered individually material or aggregate to a material amount in the opinion of management.

The Company is exposed to credit risks associated with sales of certain of its products to third parties and associated with its operating partners.

Although Murphy limits its credit risk by selling its products to numerous entities worldwide, it still, at times, carries substantial credit risk from its customers. For certain oil and gas properties operated by the Company, other companies which own partial interests may not be able to meet their financial obligation to pay for their share of capital and operating costs as they come due. The inability of a purchaser of the Company’s oil or natural gas or a partner of the Company to meet their respective payment obligations to the Company could have an adverse effect on Murphy’s future earnings and cash flows.

17


 

Murphy’s operations could be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency conversion rates.

The Company’s worldwide operational scope exposes it to risks associated with foreign currencies. Most of the Company’s business is transacted in U.S. dollars, and therefore the Company and most of its subsidiaries are U.S. dollar functional entities for accounting purposes. However, the Canadian dollar is the functional currency for all Canadian operations [and the British pound is the functional currency for U.K. discontinued operations related to the Company’s former downstream business]. In certain countries, such as Canada, Malaysia and the United Kingdom, significant levels of transactions occur in currencies other than the functional currency. In Malaysia, such transactions include tax and other supplier payments, while in Canada, certain crude oil sales are priced in U.S. dollars. In late 2016, Malaysian authorities altered the local currency rules such that 75% of the proceeds of export oil and gas sales must be converted to local currency when received; plus, beginning in 2017, resident suppliers of goods and services to the Company must be paid in local currency. This exposure to currencies other than the functional currency can lead to significant impacts on consolidated financial results. Exposures associated with current and deferred income tax liability balances in Malaysia are generally not hedged. A strengthening of the Malaysian ringgit against the U.S. dollar would be expected to lead to currency losses in consolidated operations; gains would be expected if the ringgit weakens versus the dollar. Foreign exchange exposures between the U.S. dollar and the British pound are not hedged. The Company would generally expect to incur currency losses when the U.S. dollar strengthens against the British pound and would conversely expect currency gains when the U.S. dollar weakens against the pound. In Canada, currency risk is often managed by selling forward U.S. dollars to match the collection dates for crude oil sold in that currency. See Note L in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on derivative contracts.

The costs and funding requirements related to the Company’s retirement plans are affected by several factors.

The costs and funding requirements related to the Company’s retirement plans are affected by several factors. A number of actuarial assumptions impact funding requirements for the Company’s retirement plans. The most significant of these assumptions include return on assets, long-term interest rates and mortality. If the actual results for the plans vary significantly from the actuarial assumptions used, or if laws regulating such retirement plans are changed, Murphy could be required to make more significant funding payments to one or more of its retirement plans in the future and/or it could be required to record a larger liability for future obligations in its Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS



The Company had no unresolved comments from the staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as of December 31, 2016.



Item 2. PROPERTIES



Descriptions of the Company’s oil and natural gas properties are included in Item 1 of this Form 10-K report beginning on page 1.  Information required by the Securities Exchange Act Industry Guide No. 2 can be found in the Supplemental Oil and Gas Information section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K on pages 103 to 116 and in Note E – Property, Plant and Equipment beginning on page 70.



18


 

Executive Officers of the Registrant



Present corporate office, length of service in office and age at February 1, 2017 of each of the Company’s executive officers are reported in the following listing.  Executive officers are elected annually, but may be removed from office at any time by the Board of Directors.



Roger W. Jenkins – Age 55; Chief Executive Officer since August 2013.  Mr. Jenkins served as Chief Operating Officer from June 2012 to August 2013.  Mr. Jenkins was Executive Vice President Exploration and Production from August 2009 through August 2013 and had served as President of the Company’s exploration and production subsidiary since January 2009.



Eugene T. Coleman – Age 58; Executive Vice President since December 2016.  Mr. Coleman served as Executive Vice President, Offshore of the Company’s exploration and production subsidiary from 2011 to 2016.



Walter K. Compton – Age 54; Executive Vice President and General Counsel since February 2014.  Mr. Compton was Senior Vice President and General Counsel from March 2011 to February 2014.



John W. Eckart – Age 58; Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since March 2015.  Mr. Eckart was Senior Vice President and Controller from December 2011 to March 2015.



Michael K. McFadyen – Age 49; Executive Vice President since December 2016.  Mr. McFadyen served as Executive Vice President, Onshore of the Company’s exploration and production subsidiary from 2011 to 2016.



Keith Caldwell – Age 55, Senior Vice President and Controller since March 2015.  Mr. Caldwell was Vice President, Finance from April 2010 to March 2015.



Kelli M. Hammock – Age 45; Senior Vice President, Administration since February 2014.  Ms. Hammock was Vice President, Administration from December 2009 to February 2014.



K. Todd Montgomery – Age 52; Senior Vice President, Corporate Planning & Services since March 2015.  Mr. Montgomery served as Vice President, Corporate Planning & Services from February 2014 to March 2015.



E. Ted Botner – Age 52; Vice President, Law and Secretary since March 2015.  Mr. Botner was Secretary and Manager, Law from August 2013 to March 2015.



Tim F. Butler – Age 54; Vice President, Tax since August 2013.  Mr. Butler was General Manager, Worldwide Taxation from August 2007 to August 2013.



John B. Gardner – Age 48; Vice President and Treasurer since March 2015.  Mr. Gardner served as Treasurer from August 2013 to March 2015.



Barry F.R. Jeffery – Age 58; Vice President, Insurance, Security and Risk since July 2015.  Mr. Jeffery was

Vice-President, Investor Relations from August 2013 to July 2015.



Allan J. Misner – Age 50; Vice President, Internal Audit since February 2014.  Mr. Misner served as Director, Internal Audit from 2007 to 2014.



Kelly L. Whitley – Age 51; Vice President, Investor Relations and Communications since July 2015.  Ms. Whitley joined the Company in 2015 following 20 years of investor relations experience with exploration and production as well as oil field services companies in the U.S. and Canada.

19


 

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS



Murphy and its subsidiaries are engaged in a number of other legal proceedings, all of which Murphy considers routine and incidental to its business.  Based on information currently available to the Company, the ultimate resolution of matters referred to in this item is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s net income or loss, financial condition or liquidity in a future period.



Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES



Not applicable.



PART II



Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES



The Company’s Common Stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange using “MUR” as the trading symbol.  There were 2,588 stockholders of record as of December 31, 2016.  Information as to high and low market prices per share and dividends per share by quarter for 2016 and 2015 are reported on page 117 of this Form 10-K report.

20


 

SHAREHOLDER RETURN PERFORMANCE PRESENTATION



The following graph presents a comparison of cumulative five-year shareholder returns (including the reinvestment of dividends) as if a $100 investment was made on December 31, 2011 in the Company, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index (S&P 500 Index), the Company’s peer group and the NYSE Arca Oil Index.  The companies in the peer group include Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Apache Corporation, Cabot Oil & Gas Corporation, Chesapeake Energy Corporation, Cimarex Energy Co., Devon Energy Corporation, Encana Corporation, EOG Resources, Inc., Hess Corporation, Marathon Oil Corporation, Newfield Exploration Company, Noble Energy, Inc., Pioneer Natural Resources Corporation, Range Resources Corporation, Southwestern Energy Company and Whiting Petroleum CorporationThis performance information is “furnished” by the Company and is not considered as “filed” with this Form 10-K report and it is not incorporated into any document that incorporates this Form 10-K report by reference. 



Picture 1















 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

2011 

 

2012 

 

2013 

 

2014 

 

2015 

 

2016 

Murphy Oil Corporation

 

$

100 

 

114 

 

147 

 

117 

 

54 

 

79 

S&P 500 Index

 

 

100 

 

116 

 

154 

 

175 

 

177 

 

198 

Peer Group

 

 

100 

 

100 

 

129 

 

113 

 

70 

 

100 

NYSE Arca Oil Index

 

 

100 

 

104 

 

130 

 

120 

 

98 

 

120 





The Company has added a 5-year Peer Group shareholder return performance comparison above.  Management believes the peer group of companies is a better performance measure comparison than the NYSE Arca Oil Index since this group of companies is composed of independent oil and gas companies most similar to Murphy.

21


 

Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA











 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Thousands of dollars except per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results of Operations for the Year

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

Sales and other operating revenues

$

1,809,575 

 

2,787,116 

 

5,288,933 

 

5,312,686 

 

4,608,563 

Net cash provided by continuing operations

 

600,795 

 

1,183,369 

 

3,048,639 

 

3,210,695 

 

2,911,380 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

(273,943)

 

(2,255,772)

 

1,024,973 

 

888,137 

 

806,494 

Net income (loss)

 

(275,970)

 

(2,270,833)

 

905,611 

 

1,123,473 

 

970,876 

Cash dividends – diluted1

 

206,635 

 

244,998 

 

236,371 

 

235,108 

 

228,288 

                          – special

 

– 

 

– 

 

– 

 

– 

 

486,141 

Per Common share – diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Income (loss) from continuing operations

$

(1.59)

 

(12.94)

 

5.69 

 

4.69 

 

4.14 

        Net income (loss)

 

(1.60)

 

(13.03)

 

5.03 

 

5.94 

 

4.99 

Average common shares outstanding (thousands) – diluted

 

172,173 

 

174,351 

 

180,071 

 

189,271 

 

194,669 

Cash dividends per Common share

 

1.20 

 

1.40 

 

1.325 

 

1.25 

 

3.675 

Capital Expenditures for the Year2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Exploration and production

$

789,721 

 

2,127,197 

 

3,742,541 

 

3,943,956 

3

4,185,028 

        Corporate and other

 

21,740 

 

59,886 

 

14,453 

 

22,014 

 

8,077 



 

811,461 

 

2,187,083 

 

3,756,994 

 

3,965,970 

 

4,193,105 

Discontinued operations

 

– 

 

159 

 

12,349 

 

154,622 

 

190,881 



$

811,461 

 

2,187,242 

 

3,769,343 

 

4,120,592 

 

4,383,986 

Financial Condition at December 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current ratio4

 

1.04 

 

0.83 

 

1.02 

 

1.06 

 

1.17 

Working capital (deficit)4

$

56,751 

 

(277,396)

 

76,155 

 

222,621 

 

610,462 

Net property, plant and equipment

 

8,316,188 

 

9,818,365 

 

13,331,047 

 

13,481,055 

 

13,011,606 

Total assets

 

10,295,860 

 

11,493,812 

 

16,742,307 

 

17,509,484 

 

17,522,643 

Long-term debt

 

2,422,750 

 

3,040,594 

 

2,536,238 

 

2,936,563 

 

2,245,201 

Stockholders’ equity

 

4,916,679 

 

5,306,728 

 

8,573,434 

 

8,595,730 

 

8,942,035 

        Per share

 

28.55 

 

30.85 

 

48.30 

 

46.87 

 

46.91 

Long-term debt – percent of capital employed5

 

33.0 

 

36.4 

 

22.8 

 

25.5 

 

20.1 

Stockholder and Employee Data at December 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares outstanding (thousands)

 

172,202 

 

172,035 

 

177,500 

 

183,407 

 

190,641 

Number of stockholders of record

 

2,588 

 

2,713 

 

2,556 

 

2,598 

 

2,361 













1

Includes special dividend of $2.50 per share paid on December 3, 2012.

2

Capital expenditures include accruals for incurred but unpaid capital activities, while property additions and dry holes in the Statements of Cash Flows are cash-based capital expenditures and do not include capital accruals and geological, geophysical and certain other exploration expenses that are not eligible for capitalization under oil and gas accounting rules.

3 Excludes property addition of $358.0 million associated with noncash capital lease at the Kakap field.

4

As a result of adopting a new accounting pronouncement, the Company reclassified current deferred income tax assets of $51.2 million in 2015, $55.1 million in 2014, $62.0 million in 2013 and $89.0 million in 2012 to long term deferred income tax assets which are included in Deferred charges and other assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.  See Note B –New Accounting Principles and Recent Accounting Pronouncements in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statement in this Form 10-K.

5

Long-term debt – percent of capital employed – total long-term debt at the balance sheet date (as per the consolidated balance sheet) divided by the sum of total long-term debt plus total stockholders’ equity at that date (as per the consolidated balance sheet).

22


 

Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



Overview



Murphy Oil Corporation is a worldwide oil and gas exploration and production company.  A more detailed description of the Company’s significant assets can be found in Item 1 of this Form 10-K report.



Significant Company operating and financial highlights during 2016 were as follows:



·

Generated $1.2 billion cash from non-core divestitures during the year.



·

Entered into a new $1.1 billion senior unsecured guaranteed revolving credit facility and issued $550 million of 6.875 percent senior notes due in 2024.



·

Entered into a joint venture in the Kaybob Duvernay and Placid Montney plays in Western Canada.



·

Produced 175,700 barrels of oil equivalent per day.



·

Ended 2016 with proved reserves, totaling 684.5 million barrels of oil equivalent with a reserve life of 10.6 years.



·

Reduced lease operating expense per barrel of oil equivalent by approximately 15 percent year-over-year, excluding Syncrude.



·

Lowered selling and general expenses by approximately 14 percent year-over-year.



Murphy’s continuing operations generate revenue by producing crude oil, natural gas liquids (NGL) and natural gas in the United States, Canada and Malaysia and then selling these products to customers.  The Company’s revenue is highly affected by the prices of crude oil, natural gas and NGL.  In order to make a profit and generate cash in its exploration and production business, revenue generated from the sales of oil and natural gas produced must exceed the combined costs of producing these products, depreciation of capital expenditures, and expenses related to exploration, administration, and for capital borrowed from lending institutions and note holders.



Changes in the price of crude oil and natural gas have a significant impact on the profitability of the Company, especially the price of crude oil as oil represented 59% of total hydrocarbons produced on an energy equivalent basis (one barrel of crude oil equals six thousand cubic feet of natural gas) in 2016.  In 2017, the Company’s ratio of hydrocarbon production represented by oil is expected to be 56%.  When oil-price linked natural gas in Malaysia is combined with oil production, the Company’s 2017 total expected production is approximately 66% linked to the price of oil.  If the prices for crude oil and natural gas remains weak in 2017 or beyond, this will have an unfavorable impact on the Company’s operating profits.  As described on page 48, the Company has entered into fixed price derivative swap contracts in the United States that will reduce its exposure to changes in crude oil prices for approximately 47% of its expected 2017 U.S. oil production and holds forward delivery contracts that will reduce its exposure to changes in natural gas prices for approximately 55% of the natural gas it expects to produce in Western Canada in 2017.



Oil prices and North American natural gas prices weakened further in 2016 compared to the 2015 period.  The sales price for a barrel of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil averaged $43.32 in 2016, $48.80 in 2015 and $93.00 in 2014.  The sales price for a barrel of Platts Dated Brent crude oil declined to $43.69 per barrel in 2016, following averages of $52.46 per barrel and $99.00 per barrel in 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The WTI index fell approximately 11% over the prior year while Dated Brent experienced a 17% decrease in 2016.  During 2016 the discount for WTI crude compared to Dated Brent narrowed compared to the two prior years.  The WTI to Dated Brent discount was $0.37 per barrel during 2016, compared to $3.66 per barrel in 2015 and $6.00 per barrel in 2014.  In early 2017, Dated Brent has been trading near par or at a slight discount to WTI.  Worldwide oil prices began to weaken in the fall of 2014 and continued to soften throughout 2015 and into 2016.  The softening of prices beginning in late 2014 and continuing into 2016 caused average oil prices for both 2016 and 2015 periods to be below the average levels achieved in 2014.  The NYMEX natural gas price per million British Thermal Units (MMBTU) averaged $2.48 in 2016, $2.61 in 2015 and $4.33 in 2014.  NYMEX natural gas prices in 2016 were 5% below the average price in 2015, with the price decrease generally caused by an unseasonably warm winter demand season that left the U.S. natural gas inventories at record levels by the end of the first quarter of 2016. NYMEX natural gas prices in 2015 were 40% below the average price experienced in 2014, with the price decrease generally caused by domestic production elevating inventories to record levels and much warmer than normal winter season

23


 

temperatures reducing residential demand.  On an energy equivalent basis, the market continued to discount North American natural gas and NGL compared to crude oil in 2016.  Crude oil prices in early 2017 have risen above the 2016 average prices, and natural gas prices in North America in 2017 have thus far been above the average 2016 levels due to higher demand and lower field production.



The Company decommissioned the Milford Haven refinery units and completed the sale of its remaining downstream assets in 2015 for cash proceeds of $5.5 million.  The Company has accounted for this U.K. downstream business as discontinued operations for all periods presented.



Results of Operations



Murphy Oil’s results of operations, with associated diluted earnings per share (EPS), for the last three years are presented in the following table.







 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

Years Ended December 31,

(Millions of dollars, except EPS)

 

 

2016 

 

2015 

 

2014 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(276.0)

 

(2,270.8)

 

905.6 

           Diluted EPS

 

 

(1.60)

 

(13.03)

 

5.03 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

$

(274.0)

 

(2,255.8)

 

1,025.0 

           Diluted EPS

 

 

(1.59)

 

(12.94)

 

5.69 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from discontinued operations

 

$

(2.0)

 

(15.0)

 

(119.4)

           Diluted EPS

 

 

(0.01)

 

(0.09)

 

(0.66)









Murphy Oil’s net loss in 2016 was primarily caused by low realized oil and gas prices that did not fully cover all expenses, which included extraction costs, selling and general expense, net interest expense, impairments and redetermination expense.  Results of continuing operations in 2016 were $1,981.8 million improved over 2015 due to lower impairment expense in 2016, plus lower expense in the current year for lease operations, depreciation, exploration, deepwater rig contract exit costs, administrative expenses and no reoccurrence of a deferred tax charge in 2015 associated with a distribution from a foreign subsidiary.  Results in 2016 included a $71.7 million after-tax gain on sale of the Company’s 5 percent interest in Syncrude, while 2015 results included a $218.8 million after-tax gain on sale of 10% of the Company’s oil and gas assets in Malaysia.  In 2016 and 2015, the Company’s U.K. refining and marketing operations generated losses of $2.5 million and $14.8 million, respectively, which led to overall losses from discontinued operations in each year.



Murphy Oil’s net loss in 2015 was primarily caused by impairment expense to reduce the carrying value of certain properties in the Gulf of Mexico, Western Canada and Malaysia, lower realized sales prices for oil and natural gas, lower oil and natural gas sales volumes, and the costs of exiting deepwater rig contracts in the Gulf of Mexico.  Results of continuing operations in 2015 were $3,280.8 million worse than 2014 and included a $218.8 million after-tax gain on sale of 10% of the Company’s oil and gas assets in Malaysia.  Results in 2014 included a $321.4 million after-tax gain on sale of 20% of the Company’s oil and gas assets in Malaysia.  In 2015 and 2014, the Company’s U.K. refining and marketing operations generated losses of $14.8 million and $120.6 million, respectively, which led to overall losses from discontinued operations in each year.



Further explanations of each of these variances are found in more detail in the following sections.



2016 vs. 2015 – Net loss in 2016 totaled $276.0 million ($1.60 per diluted share) compared to 2015 net loss of $2,270.8 million ($13.03 per diluted share).  Continuing operations results in 2016 were significantly improved, recording a loss of $274.0 million ($1.59 per diluted share), while 2015 had a loss of $2,255.8 million ($12.94 per diluted share).  The 2016 favorable variance for results of continuing operations was primarily associated with lower impairment expense, lower lease operating and depreciation expenses, lower deepwater rig contract exit costs, lower selling and general expenses and no reoccurrence of a deferred tax charge in 2015 associated with a distribution from a foreign subsidiary.  These improvements were partially offset by lower realized sales prices for oil and natural gas, lower oil and natural gas sales volumes, and losses on open crude oil contracts in the 2016 period versus gains in the 2015 period and lower gains on assets sold.  The results of discontinued operations were a loss of $2.0 million ($0.01 per diluted share) in 2016 compared to a loss of $15.0 million ($0.09 per diluted share) in 2015.

24


 

Sales and other operating revenues in 2016 were $977.5 million below 2015 due to both weaker oil and natural sales prices and lower oil and natural gas sales volumes in the current year compared to the prior year.  Average crude oil sales prices and North American natural gas sales prices realized in 2016 fell by 12% and 25%, respectively, compared to the prior year and sales volumes fell by approximately 17% in 2016 on a barrel of oil equivalent basis.  Realized oil prices were lower in 2016 due to swelling global petroleum inventories that peaked in the second quarter of 2016.  The decrease in sales volumes was mostly attributable to the significant lowering of the Company’s capital budget from prior years and the disposition of Syncrude in mid-2016.  Gain on sale of assets was $152.5 million lower in 2016, primarily associated with a pretax gain of $3.7 million generated on sale of Syncrude asset in Canada compared to $155.1 million gain on sale of 10% of the Company’s oil and gas assets in Malaysia in 2015.  Interest and other income in 2016 was $28.9 million below 2015 levels primarily due to lower profits realized on changes in foreign exchange rates during the current year.  Lease operating expenses declined $272.9 million in 2016 compared to 2015 essentially due to lower service costs, cost saving initiatives and a lower average foreign exchange rate in Canada.  Severance and ad valorem taxes decreased by $22.0 million in 2016 primarily due to lower average realized sales prices for oil and natural gas volumes in the United States and lower oil and gas property valuations.  Exploration expenses were $369.1 million less than the prior year primarily due to lower dry hole costs, lower geological and geophysical costs, lower lease amortization and lower exploration costs in other foreign areas.  Selling and general expenses in 2016 decreased by nearly 14% from 2015 as the Company implemented key organizational changes including lowering contract staff levels by over 20% from the end of the prior year.  Depreciation, depletion and amortization expenses fell by $565.7 million due to both lower volumes sold and lower per-unit capital amortization rates most of which were the result of impairment charges reported in the prior year.  Impairment expense associated with asset writedowns decreased by $2.4 billion primarily due to fewer impairments in the 2016 period all of which in the later year were incurred in the first quarter following further price declines from year-end 2015 levels.  Deepwater rig contract exit costs was a benefit of $4.3 million in 2016 due to lower final costs incurred and paid compared to estimated costs of $282.0 million recorded in 2015 for exit costs on two deepwater rigs that were under contract in the Gulf of Mexico.  These rigs were stacked before their contract expiration dates and the remaining estimated obligations owed in 2016 under the contracts were expensed in 2015.  Interest expense in 2016 was $27.8 million higher than 2015 due principally to higher average interest rates in the 2016 period due to an increase of 1% on the coupon rates on $1.5 billion of the Company’s outstanding notes effective June 1, 2016 following a credit downgrade of the Company by Moody’s Investor Services in February 2016.  Additionally, interest expense increased in 2016 due to issuance of $550 million of 8-year, 6.875% notes in August 2016.  Interest costs capitalized decreased by $3.0 million in 2016 due to fewer ongoing development projects in the current period.  Other operating expense was $60.4 million lower in the current year primarily due to recording estimated costs of remediating a site at the Seal field in a remote area of Alberta in 2015, and a favorable adjustment of previously recorded exit costs in 2016 associated with former production operations in the Republic of Congo versus a charge in the 2015 period for uncollectible accounts receivables from partners in the Republic of Congo.  Income tax benefits in 2016 were $219.2 million compared to $1,026.5 million in the prior year.  The benefits reported in 2015 were the result of large pretax losses, a significant portion of which is related to impairments in the current period, no local income taxes owed on the Malaysia sale, and a deferred tax benefit associated with this sale due to the purchaser assuming certain future tax payment obligations; these were offset in part by a deferred tax charge in the U.S. associated with a $2.0 billion distribution from a foreign subsidiary to its parent in December 2015.  The effective tax rate in 2016 was 44.4% up from 31.3% in 2015.



2015 vs. 2014 – Net loss in 2015 totaled $2,270.8 million ($13.03 per diluted share) compared to 2014 net income of $905.6 million ($5.03 per diluted share).  Continuing operations results in 2015 were significantly weaker, recording a loss of $2,255.8 million ($12.94 per diluted share), while 2014 had income of $1,025.0 million ($5.69 per diluted share).  The 2015 unfavorable variance for results of continuing operations was primarily associated with impairment expense, lower realized sales prices for oil and natural gas, lower oil and natural gas sales volumes, costs of existing deepwater rig contracts in the Gulf of Mexico, a deferred tax charge associated with a distribution from a foreign subsidiary, and lower after-tax gains generated from sale of oil and gas assets in Malaysia, partially offset by higher unrealized gains on crude oil contracts.  Lower oil and gas production volumes and lower costs for services led to lower overall extraction costs in 2015.  The 2015 results were also favorably affected by higher foreign exchange gains and lower overall administrative costs.  The results of discontinued operations were a loss of $15.0 million ($0.09 per diluted share) in 2015 compared to a loss of $119.4 million ($0.66 per diluted share) in 2014.  The results for discontinued operations in 2014 included an impairment charge associated with the Milford Haven, Wales refinery, partially offset by a gain on disposition of the U.K. retail marketing fuel stations in 2014.



Sales and other operating revenues in 2015 were $2.5 billion below 2014 due to both weaker oil and natural sales prices and lower oil and natural gas sales volumes in 2015 compared to 2014.  Average crude oil sales prices and North American natural gas sales prices realized in 2015 fell by 45% and 37%, respectively, compared to 2014 and sales volumes fell by approximately 7% in 2015, compared to 2014 on a barrel of oil equivalent basis.  Realized oil prices were significantly lower in 2015 due to an oversupply of crude oil available on a worldwide scale.  The decrease in sales volumes was mostly attributable to the late 2014 and early 2015 sale of a combined 30% interest in

25


 

its Malaysia assets nearly offset by growth in the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas and higher production from the Tupper area in Western Canada.  Gain on sale of assets was $15.3 million higher in 2015, primarily associated with a pretax gain of $155.1 million generated on the 2015 sale of 10% of the Company’s oil and gas assets in Malaysia compared to $144.8 million gain on sale of 20% on these assets in 2014.  Interest and other income in 2015 was $43.6 million above 2014 levels primarily due to higher profits realized on changes in foreign exchange rates during 2015.  Lease operating expenses declined $257.6 million in 2015 compared to 2014 essentially due to sale of interests in Malaysia, lower service costs, cost saving initiatives and a lower average foreign exchange rate in Canada.  Severance and ad valorem taxes decreased by $41.4 million in 2015 primarily due to lower average realized sales prices for oil and natural gas volumes in the United States.  Exploration expenses were $42.7 million less in 2015 compared to 2014 primarily due to lower geological and geophysical costs and lower exploration costs in other foreign areas.  Selling and general expenses in 2015 decreased by nearly 16% from 2014 as the Company implemented key organizational changes including lowering staffing levels by over 20% from end of the prior year.  Depreciation, depletion and amortization expenses fell by $286.4 million in 2015 due to both lower volumes sold and lower per-unit capital amortization rates.  Impairment expense associated with asset writedowns increased by $2.4 billion primarily due to the significant decline in oil prices during 2015 resulting in writedowns of assets in the Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada and oil and natural gas fields offshore Malaysia and in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.  The deepwater rig contract exit costs of $282.0 million are for two deepwater rigs that were under contract in the Gulf of Mexico.  These rigs were stacked before their contract expiration dates and the remaining obligations owed in 2016 under the contracts were expensed in 2015.  Interest expense in 2015 was $11.8 million lower than 2014 due principally to lower average borrowing levels in the 2015 period.  Interest costs capitalized decreased by $13.3 million in 2015 due to fewer ongoing development projects in 2015.  Other operating expense was $53.7 million higher in 2015 primarily due to recording estimated costs of remediating a site at the Seal field in a remote area of Alberta.  Income tax benefits in 2015 were $1.0 billion compared to expense of $227.3 million in 2014.  The benefits reported in 2015 were the result of large pretax losses, a significant portion of which is related to impairments in the current period, no local income taxes owed on the Malaysia sale, and deferred tax benefit on the sale due to the purchaser assuming certain future tax payment obligations, offset in part by a deferred tax charge in the U.S. associated with a $2.0 billion distribution from a foreign subsidiary to its parent in December 2015.  The effective tax rate in 2015 was 31.3% up from 18.2% in 2014.  The 2014 period benefited from Malaysia tax benefits upon sale of 20% interest and higher U.S. tax benefits on foreign exploration areas. 



Segment Results – In the following table, the Company’s results of operations for the three years ended December 31, 2016, are presented by segment.  More detailed reviews of operating results for the Company’s exploration and production and other activities follow the table.









 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

2016 

 

2015 

 

2014 

Exploration and production – continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

        United States

$

(205.4)

 

(615.7)

 

387.1 

        Canada

 

(35.9)

 

(583.4)

 

156.5 

        Malaysia

 

171.1 

 

(653.2)

 

896.2 

        Other

 

(54.7)

 

(158.6)

 

(250.0)

             Total exploration and production – continuing operations

 

(124.9)

 

(2,010.9)

 

1,189.8 

Corporate and other

 

(149.1)

 

(244.9)

 

(164.8)

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

(274.0)

 

(2,255.8)

 

1,025.0 

Loss from discontinued operations

 

(2.0)

 

(15.0)

 

(119.4)

             Net income (loss)

$

(276.0)

 

(2,270.8)

 

905.6 



26


 

Exploration and Production – Exploration and production (E&P) continuing operations recorded a loss of $124.9 million in 2016 compared to a loss of $2,010.9 million in 2015 and earnings of $1,189.8 million in 2014.  Results from exploration and production operations improved $1,886.0 million in 2016 compared to 2015 primarily due to lower impairment expense, lower lease operating and depreciation expenses, lower deepwater rig contract exit costs, lower selling and general expenses and lower other expense.  These improvements were partially offset by lower realized sales prices for oil and natural gas, lower oil and natural gas sales volumes, losses on open crude oil contracts in the 2016 period versus gains in the 2015 period, lower gains on assets sold and redetermination expense relating to its Kakap-Gumusut field in Block K Malaysia.  Crude oil sales prices fell during 2016 in all areas of the Company’s operations, and crude oil price realizations averaged $42.38 per barrel in the current year compared to $47.99 per barrel in 2015, a price drop of 12% year over year.  North America natural gas sales prices and Malaysia natural gas sold at Sarawak fell 25% and 23%, respectively, compared to 2015.  Oil and gas extraction costs, including associated production taxes, on a per-unit basis, improved by 21% in 2016 and, together with lower oil and natural gas volumes sold, resulted in $865.5 million in lower costs.



2016 vs. 2015Compared to 2015, total sales volumes in 2016 for crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids sales volumes fell 17%, 12% and 10%, respectively.  Oil sale volumes were lower primarily due to lower production from the Company’s Eagle Ford Shale field and Syncrude and heavy oil fields in Canada due to well decline and significantly less drilling beginning in the last half of 2015 and continuing into 2016.  Synthetic oil production in Canada decreased due to impacts from the sale of its interests in Syncrude at the end of the second quarter of 2016 and maintenance work and downtime associated with forest fires in the surrounding area leading up to the disposition.  Heavy oil sales volumes in the Seal area of Canada were lower in 2016 due to well decline and uneconomic wells being shut-in.  Lower oil production and sales in Malaysia was primarily attributable to natural well decline in most fields, partially offset by higher production at Kakap.  Natural gas liquid sales volumes decreased primarily due to lower natural gas production in Eagle Ford Shale.  Natural gas sales volumes decreased in North America due to lower gas volume in the Gulf of Mexico primarily in the Dalmatian field and lower volume from the Eagle Ford Shale area in south Texas, offset in part by higher gas production volumes in the Tupper area in Western Canada.  Lower natural gas production in Malaysia was primarily due to higher unplanned downtime, lower net entitlement at Sarawak and more gas injection at Kikeh.  Lease operating expenses declined $272.9 million in 2016 compared to 2015 essentially due to sale of interest in Syncrude, lower service costs, cost saving initiatives and a lower average foreign exchange rate in Canada.  Severance and ad valorem taxes decreased by $22.0 million in 2016 primarily due to lower average realized sales prices for oil and natural gas volumes in the United States and lower well valuations due to significantly lower commodity prices.  Exploration expenses were $369.1 million less in 2016 than the prior year primarily due to lower dry hole costs, lower geological and geophysical costs, lower exploration costs in other foreign areas and lower undeveloped lease amortization.  Selling and general expenses in 2016 decreased by 14% versus 2015, or $29.8 million in E&P, as the Company implemented further key organizational changes including lowering contract staffing levels from the end of the prior year.  Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense fell by $553.8 million due to both lower volumes sold and lower per-unit capital amortization rates.  The lower capital amortization rates were primarily the result of impairment charges in the last half of 2015 and first quarter of 2016.  Impairment expense associated with asset writedowns was approximately $95.1 million in 2016 compared to $2.5 billion in 2015.  The decrease is primarily due to the significant 2015 writedowns of assets in oil and natural gas fields offshore Malaysia, the Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada and fields in deepwater Gulf of Mexico due to decline in oil prices.  Impairments in the 2016 were at the Company’s Terra Nova field and Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada all of which were incurred in the first quarter of 2016 following further price declines from year-end 2015 levels. Redetermination expense of $39.1 million ($24.1 million after taxes) in 2016 related to an expected reduction in the Company’s working interest covering the period from inception through year-end 2016 at its non-operated Kakap-Gumusut field in Block K Malaysia.  In February 2017, the Company received PETRONAS official approval to the redetermination change that reduces the Company’s working interest in oil operations to 6.67% effective at April 1, 2017.  The Company expects to incur additional redetermination expense currently estimated at approximately $10 million before taxes during the first quarter of 2017 for the period from the beginning of the year until the redetermination effective adjustment date.  The final redetermination adjustment will be settled in cash.  Deepwater rig contract exit costs was a benefit of $4.3 million in 2016 due to lower final costs incurred and paid compared to estimated costs of $282.0 million recorded in 2015 for two deepwater rigs that were under contract in the Gulf of Mexico.  These rigs were stacked before their contract expiration dates and the remaining obligations owed in 2016 under the contracts were expensed in 2015.  Other operating expense was $60.4 million lower in the current year primarily due to recording estimated costs of remediating a site at the Seal field in a remote area of Alberta in 2015 and an adjustment of previously recorded exit costs in the current period associated with ceasing production operations in the Republic of Congo versus a charge in 2015 for uncollectible accounts receivables from partners in the Republic of Congo.  Income tax benefits in 2016 were $155.1 million compared to benefits of $1.1 billion in the prior year.  The benefits reported in 2015 were the result of large pretax losses, a significant portion of which was related to impairments, plus no local income taxes owed on the Malaysia sale and a deferred tax benefit due to the purchaser assuming certain future tax payment obligations upon the Malaysia sale.  The effective tax rate in 2016 was 55.4% up from

27


 

35.6% in 2015.  The 2016 period was favorably affected by deferred tax benefits recognized related to the Canadian asset dispositions and income tax benefits on investments in foreign exploration areas.



2015 vs. 2014Compared to 2014, total sales volumes in 2015 for crude oil and natural gas fell 9% and 4%, respectively, while natural gas liquids sales volumes rose 8%.  Oil sale volumes were lower primarily due to the sale of 30% of its interests in Malaysia over December 2014 and January 2015, partially offset by production growth in the Eagle Ford Shale and new fields brought on-stream in Malaysia in 2014.  Natural gas liquid sales volumes increased in 2015 compared to 2014 due to growth in Eagle Ford Shale.  Natural gas sales volumes fell in 2015 primarily due to the decline in Malaysia resulting from the sale of 30% of the Company’s interest but this was nearly offset by a 26% increase in Canada due to new wells in 2015 and in the second half of 2014 and improved recovery techniques.  Heavy oil sales volumes in the Seal area of Canada were lower in 2015 due to well decline and uneconomic wells being shut-in.  Also, more downtime for synthetic oil operations led to slightly lower sales volumes in 2015 compared to the prior year.  Lease operating expenses declined $257.6 million in 2015 compared to 2014 essentially due to sale of interests in Malaysia, lower service costs, cost saving initiatives and a lower average foreign exchange rate in Canada.  Severance and ad valorem taxes decreased by $41.4 million in 2015 primarily due to lower average realized sales prices for oil and natural gas volumes in the United States.  Exploration expenses in 2015 were $42.7 million less than the prior year primarily due to lower geological and geophysical costs and lower exploration costs in other foreign areas.  Selling and general expenses in 2015 decreased by 16% compared to 2014 as the Company implemented key organizational changes including lowering staffing levels by 20% from the end of the prior year.  Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense fell by $289.6 million in 2015 due to both lower volume sold and lower per-unit capital amortization rates.  Impairment expense associated with asset writedowns was approximately $2.5 billion in 2015 compared to $51 million in 2014.  The increase in 2015 was primarily due to the significant decline in current and future oil prices during 2015 resulting in writedowns of assets in oil and natural gas fields offshore Malaysia, the Seal heavy oil field in Western Canada, and the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.  Deepwater rig contract exit costs of $282.0 million were for two deepwater rigs that were under contract in the Gulf of Mexico and were stacked before their contract expiration dates.  The remaining obligations owed in 2016 under the rig contracts were expensed in 2015.  Other operating expense was $53.7 million higher in 2015 primarily due to recording estimated costs of remediating a site at the Seal field in a remote area of Alberta.  Income tax benefits in 2015 were $1.1 billion compared to tax expense of $285.7 million in the prior year.  The tax benefits reported in 2015 were the result of large pretax losses, a significant portion of which is related to impairments in 2015.  Local income taxes owed on the Malaysia sale and a deferred tax benefit due to the purchaser assuming certain future tax payment obligations upon completion of the sale in Malaysia.  The effective tax rate in 2015 was 35.6% up from 19.4% in 2014.  The 2014 period was favorably effected by Malaysia tax benefits upon sale of 20% interest and higher U.S. tax benefits on foreign exploration areas.  The results of operations for oil and gas producing activities for each of the last three years ended December 31, 2016, are shown by major operating areas on pages 113 and 114 of this Form 10-K report.





A summary of oil and gas revenues is presented in the following table.







 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

United States – Oil and gas liquids

$

650.7 

 

1,176.9 

 

2,062.1 

                       – Natural gas

 

35.1 

 

70.4 

 

127.2 

Canada – Conventional oil and gas liquids

 

171.7 

 

181.0 

 

453.3 

             – Synthetic oil

 

60.7 

 

203.0 

 

391.5 

             – Natural gas

 

130.0 

 

167.7 

 

201.3 

Malaysia – Oil and gas liquids

 

623.7 

 

790.6 

 

1,680.2 

                – Natural gas

 

127.6 

 

185.4 

 

357.5 

    Total oil and gas revenues

$

1,799.5 

 

2,775.0 

 

5,273.1 





28


 

The following table contains selected operating statistics for the three years ended December 31, 2016.









 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Net crude oil and condensate produced – barrels per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

35,858 

 

47,325 

 

45,534 

 

                             Gulf of Mexico

 

12,372 

 

13,794 

 

14,366 

 

   Canada  – light

 

1,046 

 

115 

 

47 

 

                     heavy

 

2,766 

 

5,341 

 

7,411 

 

                     offshore

 

8,737 

 

7,421 

 

8,758 

 

                     synthetic1

 

4,637 

 

11,699 

 

11,997 

 

   Malaysia1 – Sarawak

 

13,365 

 

15,249 

 

20,274 

 

 Block K

 

24,619 

 

25,456 

 

34,021 

 

         Total crude oil and condensate produced

 

103,400 

 

126,400 

 

142,408 

 

Net crude oil and condensate sold – barrels per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

35,858 

 

47,326 

 

45,534 

 

                             Gulf of Mexico

 

12,372 

 

13,794 

 

14,366 

 

   Canada  – light

 

1,046 

 

115 

 

47 

 

                     heavy

 

2,766 

 

5,341 

 

7,411 

 

                     offshore

 

8,886 

 

7,151 

 

8,789 

 

                     synthetic1

 

4,637 

 

11,699 

 

11,997 

 

   Malaysia1 – Sarawak

 

12,464 

 

16,360 

 

19,991 

 

 Block K

 

24,376 

 

26,583 

 

32,578 

 

         Total crude oil and condensate sold

 

102,405 

 

128,369 

 

140,713 

 

Net natural gas liquids produced – barrels per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

6,929 

 

7,558 

 

5,778 

 

                             Gulf of Mexico

 

1,302 

 

1,998 

 

2,596 

 

   Canada

 

210 

 

10 

 

25 

 

   Malaysia1 – Sarawak

 

786 

 

668 

 

840 

 

         Total net gas liquids produced

 

9,227 

 

10,234 

 

9,239 

 

Net natural gas liquids sold – barrels per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

6,929 

 

7,558 

 

5,778 

 

                             Gulf of Mexico

 

1,302 

 

1,998 

 

2,596 

 

   Canada

 

210 

 

10 

 

25 

 

   Malaysia1 – Sarawak

 

720 

 

606 

 

986 

 

         Total net natural gas liquids sold

 

9,161 

 

10,172 

 

9,385 

 

Net natural gas sold – thousands of cubic feet per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

35,789 

 

38,304 

 

33,370 

 

                             Gulf of Mexico

 

17,242 

 

49,068 

 

55,101 

 

   Canada

 

208,682 

 

196,774 

 

156,478 

 

   Malaysia1 – Sarawak

 

106,380 

 

121,650 

 

168,712 

 

 Block K

 

10,070 

 

21,818 

 

32,295 

 

       Total natural gas sold

 

378,163 

 

427,614 

 

445,956 

 

Total net hydrocarbons produced – equivalent barrels per day2

 

175,654 

 

207,903 

 

225,973 

 

Total net hydrocarbons sold – equivalent barrels per day2

 

174,593 

 

209,809 

 

224,454 

 

Estimated net hydrocarbon reserves – million equivalent barrels2,3

 

684.5 

 

774.0 

 

756.5 

 



1  The Company sold a 10% and 20% interest in Malaysia properties in January 2015 and December 2014, respectively.  The Company

   sold its 5% non-operated interest in Syncrude Canada Ltd. on June 23, 2016.  Production in this table includes production for these sold

  interests through the date of disposition.

2 Natural gas converted at a 6:1 ratio.

3 At December 31.





The Company’s total crude oil and condensate production averaged 103,400 barrels per day in 2016, compared to 126,400 barrels per day in 2015 and 142,408 barrels per day in 2014.  The 2016 crude oil production level was 18% below 2015.  Crude oil production in the United States totaled 48,230 barrels per day in 2016, down from 61,119 barrels per day in 2015.  The 21% decrease in U.S. crude oil production year over year was primarily due to well decline and significantly less drilling beginning in the last half of 2015 and continuing into 2016 in the Eagle Ford Shale area in south Texas.  Heavy crude oil production in Western Canada fell from 5,341 barrels per day in 2015 to 2,766 barrels per day in 2016, with the reduction attributable to wells shut-in due to economic conditions and natural

29


 

well performance decline in the Seal area.  Crude oil volumes produced offshore Eastern Canada totaled 8,737 barrels per day in 2016, up from 7,421 barrels per day in the previous year due to less unplanned maintenance in 2016.  Synthetic crude oil production volume in Canada was 4,637 barrels per day in 2016 compared to 11,699 barrels per day in 2015 primarily due to the Company selling its 5% interest in Syncrude in June 2016.  Crude oil production offshore Sarawak decreased from 15,249 barrels per day in 2015 to 13,365 barrels per day in 2016.  Block K in Malaysia had crude oil production of 24,619 barrels per day in 2016, down from 25,456 barrels per day in 2015.  Lower oil production in 2016 in Malaysia was primarily attributable to natural well decline at most fields, partially offset by higher production at Kakap.



The Company’s total crude oil and condensate production averaged 126,400 barrels per day in 2015 compared to 142,408 barrels per day in 2014.  The 2015 crude oil production level was 11% below 2014.  On a pro-forma basis, assuming the sale of 30% of the Company’s interest in Malaysia properties occurred at the beginning of 2014, total hydrocarbon production for 2015 increased 4% compared to the 2014 period as adjusted for the sale.  Crude oil production in the United States totaled 61,119 barrels per day in 2015, up from 59,900 barrels per day in 2014.  The 2% increase in U.S. crude oil production year over year was primarily related to additional wells brought on production as part of an ongoing development drilling and completion program at Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas.  Heavy crude oil production in Western Canada fell from 7,411 barrels per day in 2014 to 5,341 barrels per day in 2015, with the reduction attributable to wells shut-in due to economic conditions and natural well performance decline in the Seal area.  Crude oil volumes produced offshore Eastern Canada totaled 7,421 barrels per day in 2015, off from 8,758 barrels per day in the previous year due to less production at Hibernia field primarily due to planned maintenance in 2015.  Synthetic crude oil production volume in Canada was 11,699 barrels per day in 2015 compared to 11,997 barrels per day in 2014 due to impacts of unplanned outages offset in part by lower Canadian royalty rates.  Crude oil production offshore Sarawak decreased from 20,274 barrels per day in 2014 to 15,249 barrels per day in 2015.  Block K in Malaysia had crude oil production of 25,456 barrels per day in 2015, down from 34,021 barrels per day in 2014.  Lower oil production in 2015 in Malaysia was primarily attributable to impacts from the sale of 30% of the Company’s total interest offset in part by production from new fields brought on-stream in 2014.



The Company produced natural gas liquids (NGL) of 9,227 barrels per day in 2016, down from 10,234 barrels per day in 2015.  The lower NGL volumes of 1,007 barrels per day in 2015 were mostly attributable to decreased natural gas produced from the Eagle Ford Shale and in the Gulf of Mexico.



The Company produced NGL of 10,234 barrels per day in 2015, up from 9,239 barrels per day in 2014.  The higher NGL volumes of 995 barrels per day in the current year were mostly attributable to the increase of 1,780 barrels per day in the Eagle Ford Shale, partially offset by well decline in Gulf of Mexico and the sale of 30% of its interests in Malaysia.



Worldwide sales of natural gas were 378.2 million cubic feet (MMCF) per day in 2016, compared to 427.6 MMCF per day in 2015 and 446.0 MMCF per day in 2014.  Natural gas sales volumes decreased in North America in 2016 compared to 2015 due to lower gas volume in the Gulf of Mexico primarily in the Dalmatian field and lower volume from the Eagle Ford Shale area in south Texas, offset in part by higher gas production volumes in the Tupper area in Western Canada.  Lower natural gas production in Malaysia was primarily due to higher unplanned downtime, lower entitlement at Sarawak and more gas injection at Kikeh.



Worldwide sales of natural gas were 427.6 million cubic feet (MMCF) per day in 2015 compared to 446.0 MMCF per day in 2014.  Natural gas sales volumes decreased in 2015, primarily due to the decline in Malaysia after the sale of 30% of the Company’s interests, offset in part by higher gas production volumes in the Dalmatian field in the Gulf of Mexico, Eagle Ford Shale area in South Texas and Tupper area in Western Canada.  Natural gas sales volumes in Canada improved from 156.5 MMCF per day in 2014 to 196.8 MMCF per day in 2015 due to wells added during 2015 and in the second half of 2014 and improved recovery techniques.  At the Company’s fields offshore Sarawak Malaysia, gas production decreased from 168.7 MMCF per day in 2014 to 121.7 MMCF per day in 2015 due to sale of 30% interest in Malaysian properties.  Natural gas sales volumes from Block K offshore Malaysia were 21.8 MMCF per day in 2015, down from 32.3 MMCF per day in 2014 due to the sale of 30% of the Company’s interests and higher downtime at the third party receiving facility.

30


 



The following table contains the weighted average sales prices for the three years ended December 31, 2016.





 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

Weighted average sales prices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crude oil and condensate – dollars per barrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States – Eagle Ford Shale

$

42.11 

 

48.14 

 

90.67 

 

    Gulf of Mexico

 

41.63 

 

46.80 

 

91.18 

 

Canada1 – light

 

42.01 

 

41.06 

 

83.43 

 

   heavy

 

16.40 

 

23.28 

 

54.18 

 

   offshore

 

43.12 

 

50.54 

 

95.95 

 

   synthetic

 

35.59 

 

47.56 

 

89.51 

 

Malaysia – Sarawak2

 

46.02 

 

50.13 

 

84.78 

 

  Block K2

 

45.27 

 

51.50 

 

86.50 

 

Natural gas liquids – dollars per barrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

11.51 

 

11.18 

 

25.79 

 

    Gulf of Mexico

 

12.84 

 

12.82 

 

28.93 

 

Canada1

 

20.63 

 

22.31 

 

66.19 

 

Malaysia – Sarawak2

 

38.30 

 

50.55 

 

75.18 

 

Natural gas – dollars per thousand cubic feet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States – Eagle Ford Shale

 

1.88 

 

2.24 

 

3.99 

 

    Gulf of Mexico

 

1.92 

 

2.36 

 

3.98 

 

Canada1

 

1.72 

 

2.35 

 

3.60 

 

Malaysia – Sarawak2

 

3.21 

 

4.23 

 

5.71 

 

     Block K

 

0.25 

 

0.24 

 

0.24 

 





1 U.S. dollar equivalent.

2 Prices are net of payments under the terms of the respective production sharing contracts.





The Company’s average worldwide realized sales price for crude oil and condensate from continuing operations was $42.38 per barrel in 2016 compared to $47.99 per barrel in 2015 and $87.23 per barrel in 2014.  The average realized crude oil sales price was 12% lower in 2016 compared to prior year.  West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil averaged 11% less in 2016 compared to 2015.  Dated Brent and Kikeh oil each sold for approximately 16% less in 2016, while Light Louisiana Sweet crude oil sold at 14% below 2015 levels.  The average realized sales prices for U.S. crude oil and condensate amounted to $41.99 per barrel in 2016, 12% lower than 2015.  Heavy oil produced in Canada brought $16.40 per barrel in 2016, a 30% decrease from 2015.  The average sales price for crude oil produced offshore Eastern Canada declined 15% to $43.12 per barrel in 2016.  The average realized sales price for the Company’s synthetic crude oil was $35.59 per barrel in 2016 down 25% from the prior year primarily due to the 2016 period average occurring over the first half of 2016 when prices received were lower than the second half of the year.  Crude oil sold in Malaysia averaged $45.52 per barrel in 2016, 11% lower than in 2015.



The Company’s average worldwide realized sales price for crude oil and condensate from continuing operations was $47.99 per barrel in 2015 compared to $87.23 per barrel in 2014.  The average realized crude oil sales price was 45% lower in 2015 compared to prior year.  WTI crude oil averaged 48% less in 2015 compared to 2014.  Dated Brent and Kikeh oil each sold for approximately 47% less in 2015, while Light Louisiana Sweet crude oil sold at 46% below 2014 levels.  The average realized sales prices for U.S. crude oil and condensate amounted to $47.84 per barrel in 2015, 47% lower than 2014.  Heavy oil produced in Canada brought $23.28 per barrel in 2015, a 57% decrease from 2014, as a result of lower worldwide benchmark prices in the current year.  The average sales price for crude oil produced offshore Eastern Canada declined 47% to $50.54 per barrel in 2015.  The average realized sales price for the Company’s synthetic crude oil was $47.56 per barrel in 2015 down 47% from the prior year.  Crude oil sold in Malaysia averaged $50.98 per barrel in 2015, 41% lower than in 2014.

31


 

The average sales price for NGL in 2016 was on par with prices realized during 2015 and is heavily concentrated in the United States.  These NGL prices are generally weak compared to the comparable heating value of crude oil, primarily due to an oversupply of NGL with the recent drilling growth in U.S. shale plays exceeding refinery and other demand for this product.  NGL was sold in the U.S. for an average of $11.72 per barrel in 2016, up 1% from the average price of $11.55 per barrel in 2015.  NGL produced in Malaysia in 2016 was sold for an average of $38.30 per barrel, 24% below the 2015 average of $50.55 per barrel.



The average sales price for NGL was lower in 2015 than 2014.  NGL was sold in the U.S. for an average of $11.55 per barrel in 2015, down 57% from the average price of $26.83 per barrel in 2014.  NGL produced in Malaysia in 2015 was sold for an average of $50.55 per barrel, 33% below the 2014 average of $75.18 per barrel.



North American natural gas prices were weaker in 2016 than 2015, essentially driven by an unseasonably warm winter demand season that left U.S. natural gas inventories at record levels by the end of the first quarter 2016.  The average posted price at Henry Hub in Louisiana was $2.48 per million British Thermal Units (MMBTU) in 2016 compared to $2.61 per MMBTU in 2015 and $4.33 per MMBTU in 2014.  In 2016, U.S. natural gas was sold at an average of $1.89 per thousand cubic feet (MCF), an 18% decrease compared to 2015.  Natural gas sold in Canada averaged $1.72 per MCF in 2016, down 27% from 2015.  Natural gas sold in 2016 from Sarawak, Malaysia averaged $3.21 per MCF, down 24% from the prior year.



North American natural gas prices were weaker in 2015 than 2014, essentially driven by record inventory levels and a warmer than normal fourth quarter in 2015.  The average posted price at Henry Hub in Louisiana was $2.61 per MMBTU in 2015 compared to $4.33 per MMBTU in 2014.  In 2015, U.S. natural gas was sold at an average of $2.31 per MCF, a 42% decrease compared to 2014.  Natural gas sold in Canada averaged $2.35 per MCF in 2015, down 35% from 2014.  Natural gas sold in 2015 from Sarawak, Malaysia averaged $4.23 per MCF, down 26% from the prior year.



Based on 2016 sales volumes and deducting taxes at statutory rates, each $1.00 per barrel oil sales price fluctuation and $0.10 per MCF gas sales price fluctuation would have affected 2016 earnings from exploration and production continuing operations by $24.4 million and $9.5 million, respectively.



Production-related expenses for continuing exploration and production operations during the last three years are shown in the following table.









 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

2016 

 

2015 

 

2014 

Lease operating expense

$

559.4 

 

832.3 

 

1,089.9 

Severance and ad valorem taxes

 

43.8 

 

65.8 

 

107.2 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

1,037.3 

 

1,607.9 

 

1,897.5 

    Total

$

1,640.5 

 

2,506.0 

 

3,094.6 



32


 

Cost per equivalent barrel sold for these production-related expenses are shown by geographical area in the following table.









&