10-K 1 d300732d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

Commission file number 001-09718

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Pennsylvania

    

25-1435979

 
  (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)      (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)  

The Tower at PNC Plaza

300 Fifth Avenue

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222-2401

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code - (888) 762-2265

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class        

 Name of Each Exchange

    on Which Registered    

Common Stock, par value $5.00

    New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing a 1/4,000 Interest in a Share of Fixed-to-Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series P

    New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares Each Representing a 1/4,000 Interest in a Share of 5.375% Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series Q

Warrants (expiring December 31, 2018) to purchase Common Stock

   

New York Stock Exchange

 

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

$1.80 Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock - Series B, par value $1.00

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes      No X

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes X No     

Indicate by check mark if the disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. X

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer X

  Accelerated filer        Non-accelerated filer        Smaller reporting company     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes      No X

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding voting common stock held by nonaffiliates on June 30, 2016, determined using the per share closing price on that date on the New York Stock Exchange of $81.39, was approximately $40.1 billion. There is no non-voting common equity of the registrant outstanding.

Number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding at February 10, 2017: 486,156,269

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement of The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A for the 2017 annual meeting of shareholders (Proxy Statement) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2016 Form 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I

  

Item 1

   Business.      1  

Item 1A

   Risk Factors.      16  

Item 1B

   Unresolved Staff Comments.      25  

Item 2

   Properties.      25  

Item 3

   Legal Proceedings.      26  

Item 4

   Mine Safety Disclosures.      26  

Executive Officers of the Registrant

     26  

Directors of the Registrant

     27  

PART II

  

Item 5

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.      28  
   Common Stock Performance Graph      29  

Item 6

   Selected Financial Data.      30  

Item 7

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A).      32  
  

Executive Summary

     32  
  

Consolidated Income Statement Review

     35  
  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Review

     37  
  

Business Segments Review

     40  
  

2015 Versus 2014

     50  
  

Risk Management

     51  
  

Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments

     71  
  

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Variable Interest Entities

     75  
  

Glossary of Terms

     75  
  

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

     78  

Item 7A

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.      79  

Item 8

   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.      80  
   Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm      80  
   Consolidated Income Statement      81  
   Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income      82  
   Consolidated Balance Sheet      83  
   Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity      84  
   Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows      85  
   Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements      87  
  

Note 1 Accounting Policies

     87  
  

Note 2 Loan Sale and Servicing Activities and Variable Interest Entities

     98  
  

Note 3 Asset Quality

     101  
  

Note 4 Allowances for Loan and Lease Losses

     109  
  

Note 5 Investment Securities

     112  

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2016 Form 10-K (continued)

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)

 

     Page  

Item 8

   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. (continued)   
  

Note 6 Fair Value

     116  
  

Note 7 Goodwill and Mortgage Servicing Rights

     129  
  

Note 8 Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

     131  
  

Note 9 Time Deposits

     131  
  

Note 10 Borrowed Funds

     131  
  

Note 11 Employee Benefit Plans

     132  
  

Note 12 Stock Based Compensation Plans

     138  
  

Note 13 Financial Derivatives

     140  
  

Note 14 Earnings Per Share

     145  
  

Note 15 Equity

     146  
  

Note 16 Other Comprehensive Income

     149  
  

Note 17 Income Taxes

     150  
  

Note 18 Regulatory Matters

     152  
  

Note 19 Legal Proceedings

     152  
  

Note 20 Commitments

     161  
  

Note 21 Parent Company

     162  
  

Note 22 Segment Reporting

     163  
  

Note 23 Subsequent Events

     166  
   Statistical Information (Unaudited)      166  

Item 9

   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.      174  

Item 9A

   Controls and Procedures.      174  

Item 9B

   Other Information.      174  

PART III

  

Item 10

   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.      174  

Item 11

   Executive Compensation.      175  

Item 12

   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.      175  

Item 13

   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.      176  

Item 14

   Principal Accounting Fees and Services.      176  

PART IV

  

Item 15

   Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.      176  

SIGNATURES

     177  

EXHIBIT INDEX

     E-1  

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2016 Form 10-K (continued)

 

MD&A TABLE REFERENCE

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

 

1

   Summarized Average Balances and Net Interest Income      35  

2

   Noninterest Income      36  

3

   Noninterest Expense      36  

4

   Summarized Balance Sheet Data      37  

5

   Details of Loans      38  

6

   Investment Securities      39  

7

   Weighted-Average Expected Maturities of Mortgage and Other Asset-Backed Debt Securities      39  

8

   Details of Funding Sources      40  

9

   Retail Banking Table      41  

10

   Corporate & Institutional Banking Table      43  

11

   Asset Management Group Table      45  

12

   Residential Mortgage Banking Table      47  

13

   BlackRock Table      48  

14

   Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio Table      49  

15

   Nonperforming Assets by Type      55  

16

   Change in Nonperforming Assets      55  

17

   Accruing Loans Past Due      56  

18

   Home Equity Lines of Credit – Draw Period End Dates      57  

19

   Consumer Real Estate Related Loan Modifications      58  

20

   Summary of Troubled Debt Restructurings      58  

21

   Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses      60  

22

   Loan Charge-Offs and Recoveries      60  

23

   PNC Bank Notes Issued During Fourth Quarter 2016      62  

24

   Senior and Subordinated Debt      62  

25

   Contractual Obligations      64  

26

   Other Commitments      64  

27

   Credit Ratings as of December 31, 2016 for PNC and PNC Bank      65  

28

   Basel III Capital      66  

29

   Interest Sensitivity Analysis      68  

30

   Net Interest Income Sensitivity to Alternative Rate Scenarios (Fourth Quarter 2016)      68  

31

   Alternate Interest Rate Scenarios: One Year Forward      68  

32

   Equity Investments Summary      69  

33

   Fair Value Measurements – Summary      71  

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2016 Form 10-K (continued)

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TABLE REFERENCE

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

34

   Cash Flows Associated with Loan Sale and Servicing Activities    99

35

   Principal Balance, Delinquent Loans, and Net Charge-offs Related to Serviced Loans For Others    99

36

   Non-Consolidated VIEs    100

37

   Analysis of Loan Portfolio    102

38

   Nonperforming Assets    103

39

   Commercial Lending Asset Quality Indicators    104

40

   Asset Quality Indicators for Home Equity and Residential Real Estate Loans –  Excluding Purchased Impaired and Government Insured or Guaranteed Loans    106

41

   Credit Card and Other Consumer Loan Classes Asset Quality Indicators    107

42

   Financial Impact and TDRs by Concession Type    108

43

   Impaired Loans    109

44

   Rollforward of Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses and Associated Loan Data    110

45

   Investment Securities Summary    112

46

   Gross Unrealized Loss and Fair Value of Debt Securities    114

47

   Gains (Losses) on Sales of Securities Available for Sale    115

48

   Contractual Maturity of Debt Securities    115

49

   Fair Value of Securities Pledged and Accepted as Collateral    116

50

   Fair Value Measurements – Recurring Basis Summary    120

51

   Reconciliation of Level 3 Assets and Liabilities    121

52

   Fair Value Measurements – Recurring Quantitative Information    123

53

   Fair Value Measurements – Nonrecurring    125

54

   Fair Value Measurements – Nonrecurring Quantitative Information    125

55

   Fair Value Option – Fair Value and Principal Balances    126

56

   Fair Value Option – Changes in Fair Value    127

57

  

Additional Fair Value Information Related to Other Financial Instruments

   128

58

  

Goodwill by Business Segment

   129

59

  

Commercial Mortgage Servicing Rights

   129

60

  

Residential Mortgage Servicing Rights

   130

61

  

Commercial Mortgage Loan Servicing Rights – Key Valuation Assumptions

   130

62

  

Residential Mortgage Loan Servicing Rights – Key Valuation Assumptions

   130

63

  

Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements

   131

64

  

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

   131

65

  

Lease Rental Expense

   131

 


Table of Contents

THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.

Cross-Reference Index to 2016 Form 10-K (continued)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS TABLE REFERENCE (Continued)

 

Table

  

Description

  

Page

66

  

Minimum Annual Lease Rentals

   131

67

  

Time Deposits

   131

68

  

Borrowed Funds

   131

69

  

FHLB Borrowings, Senior Debt and Subordinated Debt

   132

70

  

Reconciliation of Changes in Projected Benefit Obligation and Change in Plan Assets

   133

71

  

Asset Strategy Allocations

   134

72

  

Pension Plan Assets – Fair Value Hierarchy

   136

73

  

Estimated Cash Flows

   136

74

  

Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost

   137

75

  

Net Periodic Costs – Assumptions

   137

76

  

Other Pension Assumptions

   137

77

  

Stock Options – Rollforward

   138

78

  

Nonvested Incentive/Performance Unit Awards and Restricted Share/Restricted Share Unit Awards  – Rollforward

   139

79

  

Total Gross Derivatives

   140

80

  

Gains (Losses) on Derivatives and Related Hedged Items – Fair Value Hedges

   141

81

  

Gains (Losses) on Derivatives and Related Cash Flows – Cash Flow Hedges

   142

82

  

Gains (Losses) on Derivatives Not Designated for Hedging under GAAP

   143

83

  

Derivative Assets and Liabilities Offsetting

   144

84

  

Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

   145

85

  

Preferred Stock – Authorized, Issued and Outstanding

   146

86

  

Terms of Outstanding Preferred Stock

   146

87

  

Summary of Replacement Capital Covenants of Perpetual Trust Securities

   148

88

  

Summary of Contractual Commitments of Perpetual Trust Securities

   148

89

  

Other Comprehensive Income

   149

90

  

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components

   149

91

  

Components of Income Tax Expense

   150

92

  

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

   150

93

  

Reconciliation of Statutory and Effective Tax Rates

   151

94

  

Net Operating Loss Carryforwards

   151

95

  

Change in Unrecognized Tax Benefits

   151

96

  

IRS Tax Examination Status

   151

97

  

Basel Regulatory Capital

   152

98

  

Commitments to Extend Credit and Other Commitments

   161

99

  

Parent Company – Income Statement

   162

100

  

Parent Company – Balance Sheet

   162

101

  

Parent Company – Interest Paid and Income Tax Refunds (Payments)

   162

102

  

Parent Company – Statement of Cash Flows

   163

103

  

Results of Businesses

   165

 


Table of Contents

PART I

Forward-Looking Statements: From time to time, The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (PNC or the Corporation) has made and may continue to make written or oral forward-looking statements regarding our outlook for earnings, revenues, expenses, capital and liquidity levels and ratios, asset levels, asset quality, financial position and other matters regarding or affecting us and our future business and operations or the impact of legal, regulatory or supervisory matters on our business operations or performance. This Annual Report on Form 10-K (the Report or Form 10-K) also includes forward-looking statements. With respect to all such forward-looking statements, you should review our Risk Factors discussion in Item 1A, our Risk Management, Critical Accounting Estimates And Judgments, and Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information sections included in Item 7, and Note 19 Legal Proceedings and Note 20 Commitments in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report. See page 75 for a glossary of certain terms used in this Report.

 

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

Business Overview

Headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, we are one of the largest diversified financial services companies in the United States. We have businesses engaged in retail banking, corporate and institutional banking, asset management, and residential mortgage banking, providing many of our products and services nationally. Our primary geographic markets are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Maryland, Indiana, Florida, North Carolina, Kentucky, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Missouri, Wisconsin and South Carolina. We also provide certain products and services internationally. At December 31, 2016, our consolidated total assets, total deposits and total shareholders’ equity were $366.4 billion, $257.2 billion and $45.7 billion, respectively.

We were incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1983 with the consolidation of Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation. Since 1983, we have diversified our geographical presence, business mix and product capabilities through internal growth, strategic bank and non-bank acquisitions and equity investments, and the formation of various non-banking subsidiaries.

Review of Business Segments

In addition to the following information relating to our lines of business, we incorporate the information under the caption Business Segments Review in Item 7 of this Report here by reference. Also, we include the financial and other information by business in Note 22 Segment Reporting in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report here by reference.

Assets, revenue and earnings attributable to foreign activities were not material in the periods presented. We periodically refine our internal methodologies as management reporting practices are enhanced. To the extent significant and practicable, retrospective application of new methodologies is made to prior period reportable business segment results and disclosures to create comparability with the current period. See Note 22 Segment Reporting in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for information on enhancements made in the first quarter of 2015 to our internal funds transfer pricing methodology.

Retail Banking provides deposit, lending, brokerage, investment management and cash management services to consumer and small business customers within our primary geographic markets. Our customers are serviced through our branch network, ATMs, call centers, online banking and mobile channels. The branch network is located primarily in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Maryland, Indiana, Florida, North Carolina, Kentucky, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Missouri, Wisconsin and South Carolina.

Our core strategy is to acquire and retain customers who maintain their primary checking and transaction relationships with us. We also seek to deepen relationships by meeting the broad range of our customers’ financial needs with savings, liquidity, lending, investment and retirement solutions. A strategic priority for us is to redefine the retail banking business in response to changing customer preferences. A key element of this strategy is to expand the use of lower-cost alternative distribution channels, with an emphasis on mobile and online banking capabilities, while continuing to optimize the traditional branch network. In addition, we have a disciplined process to continually improve the engagement of both our employees and customers, which is a strong indicator of customer growth, retention and relationship expansion.

Corporate & Institutional Banking provides lending, treasury management, and capital markets-related products and services to mid-sized and large corporations, government and not-for-profit entities. Lending products include secured and unsecured loans, letters of credit and equipment leases. Treasury management services include cash and investment management, receivables management, disbursement services, funds transfer services, information reporting and global trade services. Capital markets-related products and services include foreign exchange, derivatives, securities, loan syndications, mergers and acquisitions advisory and equity capital markets advisory related services. We also provide commercial loan servicing and technology solutions for the commercial real estate finance industry. Products and services are generally provided within our primary geographic markets, with certain products and services offered nationally and internationally.

Corporate & Institutional Banking’s strategy is to be the leading relationship-based provider of traditional banking products and services to its customers through the economic

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    1


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cycles. We aim to expand our market share and drive higher returns by growing and deepening customer relationships through solutions-based selling, while maintaining prudent risk and expense management.

Asset Management Group provides personal wealth management for high net worth and ultra high net worth clients and institutional asset management. Wealth management products and services include investment and retirement planning, customized investment management, private banking, tailored credit solutions, and trust management and administration for individuals and their families. Our Hawthorn unit provides multi-generational family planning including estate, financial, tax planning, fiduciary, investment management and consulting, private banking, personal administrative services, asset custody and customized performance reporting to ultra high net worth families. Institutional asset management provides advisory, custody and retirement administration services. The business also offers PNC proprietary mutual funds. Institutional clients include corporations, unions, municipalities, non-profits, foundations and endowments, primarily located in our geographic footprint.

Asset Management Group is focused on being one of the premier bank-held individual and institutional asset managers in each of the markets it serves. The business seeks to deliver high quality banking, trust and investment management services to our high net worth, ultra high net worth and institutional client sectors through a broad array of products and services. Asset Management Group’s primary goals are to service our clients, grow the business and deliver solid financial performance with prudent risk and expense management.

Residential Mortgage Banking directly originates first lien residential mortgage loans on a nationwide basis with a significant presence within the retail banking footprint. Mortgage loans represent loans collateralized by one-to-four-family residential real estate. These loans are typically underwritten to government agency and/or third-party standards, and either sold with servicing retained, or held on PNC’s balance sheet. Loan sales are primarily to secondary mortgage conduits of Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC), Federal Home Loan Banks and third-party investors, or are securitized and issued under the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) program, as described in more detail in Note 2 Loan Sale and Servicing Activities and Variable Interest Entities in Item 8 of this Report and included here by reference. The mortgage servicing operation performs all functions related to servicing mortgage loans, primarily those in first lien position, for various investors and for loans owned by us.

Residential Mortgage Banking is focused on adding value to the PNC franchise by building stronger customer relationships and providing quality investment loans and mortgage servicing opportunities. A strategic focus for us is to transform the home lending process by integrating our mortgage and home equity

lending into a common platform for improved efficiency and a better customer experience. Our national distribution capability provides volume that drives economies of scale, risk dispersion and cost-effective extension of the retail banking footprint to serve our customers with home financing needs and offer them our full suite of retail products.

BlackRock, in which we hold an equity investment, is a leading publicly traded investment management firm providing a broad range of investment and risk management services to institutional and retail clients worldwide. Using a diverse platform of active and index investment strategies across asset classes, BlackRock develops investment outcomes and asset allocation solutions for clients. Product offerings include single- and multi-asset class portfolios investing in equities, fixed income, alternatives and money market instruments. BlackRock also offers an investment and risk management technology platform, risk analytics, advisory and technology services and solutions to a broad base of institutional and wealth management investors. Our equity investment in BlackRock provides us with an additional source of noninterest income and increases our overall revenue diversification. BlackRock is a publicly traded company, and additional information regarding its business is available in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio consists of a consumer portfolio of mainly residential mortgage and brokered home equity loans and lines of credit and a small commercial lending portfolio. We obtained a significant portion of these non-strategic assets through acquisitions of other companies.

Total business segment financial results differ from total consolidated net income, as presented in Note 22 Segment Reporting in Item 8 of this Report. The impact of these differences is reflected in the “Other” category. “Other” includes residual activities that do not meet the criteria for disclosure as a separate reportable business, such as gains or losses related to BlackRock transactions, integration costs, asset and liability management activities including net securities gains or losses, other-than-temporary impairment of investment securities and certain trading activities, exited businesses, private equity investments, intercompany eliminations, most corporate overhead, tax adjustments that are not allocated to business segments, and differences between business segment performance reporting and financial statement reporting (GAAP), including the presentation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests as the segments’ results exclude their portion of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests.

Effective for the first quarter of 2017, we intend to realign our segments with how we began managing our businesses in 2017 and we intend to change the basis of presentation of our segments as follows:

   

Residential Mortgage Banking will be combined into Retail Banking,

 

 

2    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


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Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio will be eliminated and the assets will be moved to Other and Corporate & Institutional Banking,

   

Residential mortgages within Other will be moved to Retail Banking, and

   

A portion of business banking will be moved from Retail Banking to Corporate & Institutional Banking.

We also are making certain adjustments to our internal funds transfer pricing methodology. Prior periods will be restated to conform to the new segment alignment and to our change in methodology.

Subsidiaries

Our corporate legal structure at December 31, 2016 consisted of one domestic subsidiary bank, including its subsidiaries, and approximately 60 active non-bank subsidiaries, in addition to various affordable housing investments. Our bank subsidiary is PNC Bank, National Association (PNC Bank), a national bank headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For additional information on our subsidiaries, see Exhibit 21 to this Report.

Statistical Disclosure By Bank Holding Companies

The following statistical information is included on the indicated pages of this Report and is incorporated herein by reference:

 

     Form 10-K page  

Average Consolidated Balance Sheet And Net Interest Analysis

    167  

Analysis Of Year-To-Year Changes
In Net Interest Income

    168  

Book Values Of Securities

    39 and 112-116  

Maturities And Weighted-Average Yield Of Securities

   

39 and

115-116


 

Loan Types

   

38, 102-103 and

169


 

Selected Loan Maturities And
Interest Sensitivity

    172  

Nonaccrual, Past Due And Restructured Loans And Other Nonperforming Assets

   


55-61,
90-93,
101-109
and 170
 
 
 
 

Potential Problem Loans

    55-61  

Summary Of Loan Loss Experience

   

59-60,
109-111 and
171
 
 
 

Allocation Of Allowance For Loan And Lease Losses

   
59-60 and
172
 
 

Average Amount And Average Rate Paid On Deposits

    167  

Time Deposits Of $100,000 Or More

    172  

Selected Consolidated Financial Data

    30-31  

Short-term borrowings – not included as average balances during 2016, 2015, and 2014 were less than 30% of total shareholders’ equity at the end of each period.

       

Supervision and Regulation

PNC is a bank holding company (BHC) registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (BHC Act) and a financial holding company under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act).

We are subject to numerous governmental regulations, some of which are highlighted below. See Note 18 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report for additional information regarding our regulatory matters. Applicable laws and regulations restrict our permissible activities and investments, impose conditions and requirements on the products and services we offer and the manner in which they are offered and sold, and require compliance with protections for loan, deposit, brokerage, fiduciary, investment management and other customers, among other things. They also restrict our ability to repurchase stock or pay dividends, or to receive dividends from our bank subsidiary, and impose capital adequacy and liquidity requirements. The consequences of noncompliance with these, or other applicable laws or regulations, can include substantial monetary and nonmonetary sanctions.

In addition, we are subject to comprehensive supervision and periodic examination by, among other regulatory bodies, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). These examinations consider not only compliance with applicable laws, regulations and supervisory policies of the agency, but also capital levels, asset quality, risk management effectiveness, management ability and performance, earnings, liquidity and various other factors. The results of examination activity by any of our federal bank regulators potentially can result in the imposition of significant limitations on our activities and growth. These regulatory agencies generally have broad discretion to impose restrictions and limitations on the operations of a regulated entity and take enforcement action, including the imposition of substantial monetary penalties and nonmonetary requirements, against a regulated entity where the relevant agency determines, among other things, that such operations fail to comply with applicable law or regulations or are conducted in an unsafe or unsound manner. This supervisory framework, including the examination reports and supervisory ratings (which are not publicly available) of the agencies, could materially impact the conduct, growth and profitability of our operations.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is responsible for examining PNC Bank and its affiliates (including PNC) for compliance with most federal consumer financial protection laws, including the laws relating to fair lending and prohibiting unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices in connection with the offer, sale or provision of consumer financial products or services, and for enforcing such laws with respect to PNC Bank and its affiliates. The results of the CFPB’s examinations (which are not publicly

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    3


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available) also can result in restrictions or limitations on the operations of a regulated entity as well as enforcement actions against a regulated entity, including the imposition of substantial monetary penalties and nonmonetary requirements.

We also are subject to regulation by the SEC by virtue of our status as a public company and by the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) due to the nature of some of our businesses. Our banking and securities businesses, as well as those conducted by BlackRock, with operations outside the United States are also subject to regulation by appropriate authorities in the foreign jurisdictions in which they do business.

As a regulated financial services firm, our relationships and good standing with regulators are of fundamental importance to the operation and growth of our businesses. The Federal Reserve, OCC, CFPB, SEC, CFTC and other domestic and foreign regulators have broad enforcement powers, and certain of the regulators have the power to approve, deny, or refuse to act upon our applications or notices to conduct new activities, acquire or divest businesses, assets or deposits, or reconfigure existing operations.

We anticipate new legislative and regulatory initiatives over the next several years, focused specifically on banking and other financial services in which we are engaged. Legislative and regulatory developments to date, as well as those that come in the future, have had and are likely to continue to have an impact on the conduct of our business. The more detailed description of the significant regulations to which we are subject included in this Report is based on the current regulatory environment and is subject to potentially material change. See also the additional information included as Risk Factors in Item 1A of this Report discussing the impact of financial regulatory reform initiatives, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank), and regulations promulgated to implement it, on the regulatory environment for us and the financial services industry.

Among other areas that have been receiving a high level of regulatory focus over the last several years are compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act and anti-money laundering laws, capital and liquidity management, cyber-security, the oversight of arrangements with third-party vendors and suppliers, the protection of confidential customer information, and the structure and effectiveness of enterprise risk management frameworks. In addition, there is an increased focus on fair lending and other consumer protection issues, including retail sales practices and fee assessment and collection.

New legislation, changes in rules promulgated by federal financial regulators, other federal and state regulatory authorities and self-regulatory organizations, or changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing laws and rules, may directly affect the method of operation and profitability of our

businesses. The profitability of our businesses could also be affected by rules and regulations that impact the business and financial sectors in general, including changes to the laws governing taxation, antitrust regulation and electronic commerce.

The new presidential administration has laid out certain regulatory policy objectives and core principles to guide financial law and regulation in a series of recent executive orders and other actions. For example, the new presidential administration has directed the heads of executive departments and agencies to, among other things, temporarily suspend rulemaking until a new agency principal nominated by the administration has reviewed and approved any new regulations and to identify two existing regulations for repeal in connection with the issuance of any new rule. The administration also has announced a set of core principles intended to guide financial regulation, which include, among other things, rebalancing the goals of financial regulation to foster job and economic growth in addition to promoting financial stability, and that direct the Treasury Secretary, in consultation with the heads of the federal agencies that comprise the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), to conduct a review of existing financial laws, regulations, guidance and other requirements to determine the extent to which these promote the announced core principles. Whether and how these developments may impact the rules and policies applicable to us remains at this point unclear.

There are numerous rules governing the regulation of financial services institutions and their holding companies. Accordingly, the following discussion is general in nature and does not purport to be complete or to describe all of the laws, regulations and supervisory policies that apply to us. To a substantial extent, the purpose of the regulation and supervision of financial services institutions and their holding companies is not to protect our shareholders and our non-customer creditors, but rather to protect our customers (including depositors) and the financial markets and financial system in general.

Dodd-Frank Act

Dodd-Frank, which was signed into law on July 21, 2010, comprehensively reformed the regulation of financial institutions, products and services. Dodd-Frank requires various federal regulatory agencies to implement numerous new rules and regulations. Among other things, Dodd-Frank established the CFPB and the FSOC, a 10-member inter-agency body that is charged with identifying and monitoring systemic risks and strengthening the regulation of financial holding companies and certain non-bank companies deemed to be “systemically important”; provided for new capital standards that eliminate the treatment of trust preferred securities as Tier 1 regulatory capital; required that deposit insurance assessments be calculated based on an insured depository institution’s assets rather than its insured deposits; raised the minimum

 

 

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Designated Reserve Ratio (the balance in the Deposit Insurance Fund divided by estimated insured deposits) to 1.35%; established a comprehensive regulatory regime for the derivatives activities of financial institutions; prohibited banking entities, after a transition period and subject to certain exceptions and exemptions, from engaging in proprietary trading, as well as acquiring or retaining ownership interests in, sponsoring, and having certain types of relationships with hedge funds, private equity funds, and other private funds (through provisions commonly referred to as the “Volcker Rule”); placed limitations on the interchange fees charged for debit card transactions; and established new minimum mortgage underwriting standards for residential mortgages. Certain of the rules required by Dodd-Frank have not been proposed or finalized.

Banking Regulation and Supervision

Enhanced Prudential Requirements. Dodd-Frank requires the Federal Reserve to establish enhanced prudential standards for BHCs with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, such as PNC, as well as systemically important non-bank financial companies designated by the FSOC for Federal Reserve supervision. For such BHCs, these enhanced standards must be more stringent than the standards and requirements applicable to BHCs with less than $50 billion in assets, and must increase in stringency based on the Federal Reserve’s assessment of a BHC’s risk to the financial system. The FSOC may make recommendations to the Federal Reserve concerning the establishment and refinement of these enhanced prudential standards.

The Federal Reserve has adopted enhanced prudential standards related to liquidity risk management and overall risk management, which took effect for us on January 1, 2015. These rules, among other things, require that covered BHCs conduct liquidity stress tests at least monthly, maintain a contingency funding plan and sufficient highly liquid assets to meet net stress cash-flow needs (as projected under the company’s liquidity stress tests) for 30 days, and establish certain oversight and governance responsibilities for the chief risk officer, the board of directors, and the risk committee of the board of directors of a covered company. These standards also require the Federal Reserve to impose a maximum 15-to-1 debt to equity ratio on a BHC if the FSOC determines that the company poses a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States and that the imposition of such a debt-to-equity requirement would mitigate such risk.

In March 2016, the Federal Reserve requested comment on a revised set of proposed rules that would establish a single counterparty credit limit for BHCs with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more. Under the proposed rules, the aggregate net credit exposure by us, including our subsidiaries, to any single, unaffiliated counterparty, including its subsidiaries, would be calculated on a daily basis and could not exceed 25 percent of our Tier 1 capital. The proposed limit would cover credit exposure resulting from, among other

transactions, extensions of credit, repurchase and reverse repurchase transactions, purchases or investments in securities, and derivative transactions, although certain exposures, including, among others, exposures to the United States government, are excluded. Compliance with the proposed rules would be required one year after the effective date. The comment period on the proposal closed on June 3, 2016. The proposed rule, if finalized, would not have a material impact on our credit relationships with third parties.

The Federal Reserve continues to work towards finalizing the early remediation requirements that it must establish under Dodd-Frank for BHCs with more than $50 billion in total assets. In addition, the Federal Reserve has indicated that it intends to continue to develop the set of enhanced prudential standards that apply to large BHCs in order to further promote the resiliency of such firms and the U.S. financial system. For additional information see Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report.

Regulatory Capital Requirements, Stress Testing and Capital Planning. PNC and PNC Bank are subject to the regulatory capital requirements established by the Federal Reserve and the OCC, respectively. The foundation of the agencies’ regulatory capital rules is the international regulatory capital framework developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (Basel Committee), the international body responsible for developing global regulatory standards for banking organizations for consideration and adoption by national jurisdictions. In July 2013, the U.S. banking agencies adopted rules to implement the new international regulatory capital standards established by the Basel Committee, known as “Basel III”, as well as to implement certain provisions of Dodd-Frank. Many provisions are phased-in over a period of years, with the rules generally fully phased-in as of January 1, 2019.

The rules adopted in July 2013 generally have three fundamental parts. The first part, referred to as the Basel III capital rule, among other things, narrowed the definition of regulatory capital, requires banking organizations with $15 billion or more in assets (including PNC) to phase-out trust preferred securities from Tier 1 regulatory capital, establishes a new common equity Tier 1 (CET1) capital regulatory requirement for banking organizations, and revises the capital levels at which PNC and PNC Bank would be subject to prompt corrective action. These rules also require that significant common stock investments in unconsolidated financial institutions, as well as mortgage servicing rights and deferred tax assets, be deducted from CET1 regulatory capital to the extent such items individually exceed 10%, or in the aggregate exceed 15%, of the organization’s adjusted Basel III CET1 regulatory capital. Our common stock investment in BlackRock is treated as a significant common stock investment in an unconsolidated financial institution for these purposes. The Basel III capital rule also significantly limits the extent to which minority interests in consolidated

 

 

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subsidiaries (including minority interests in the form of REIT preferred securities) may be included in regulatory capital. In addition, for banking organizations, like PNC, which are subject to the advanced approaches (described below), the rule includes other comprehensive income related to both available for sale securities and pension and other post-retirement plans as a component of CET1 capital. The Basel III capital rule became effective on January 1, 2014 for PNC and PNC Bank, although many provisions are phased-in over a period of years.

The Basel III rule generally divides regulatory capital into three components: CET1 capital, additional Tier 1 capital (which, together with CET1 capital, comprises Tier 1 capital) and Tier 2 capital. CET1 capital is generally common stock, retained earnings, qualifying minority interest and, for advanced approaches banking organizations, accumulated other comprehensive income, less the deductions required to be made from CET1 capital. Additional Tier 1 capital generally includes, among other things, perpetual preferred stock and qualifying minority interests, less the deductions required to be made from additional Tier 1 capital. Tier 2 capital generally comprises qualifying subordinated debt, less any required deductions from Tier 2 capital. Total capital is the sum of Tier 1 capital and Tier 2 capital, less the deductions required from total capital.

The second major part of the rules adopted in July 2013 is referred to as the standardized approach and materially revises the framework for the risk-weighting of assets under Basel I. Under the regulatory capital rules, a banking organization’s risk-based capital ratios are calculated by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet financial instruments into risk-weighted categories (with higher levels of capital being required for the categories perceived as representing greater risk), which are used to determine the amount of a banking organization’s total risk-weighted assets. The standardized approach for risk-weighted assets takes into account credit and market risk. To calculate risk-weighted assets under the standardized approach for credit risk, the nominal dollar amounts of assets and credit equivalent amounts of off-balance sheet items are generally multiplied by one of several risk adjustment percentages set forth in the rules and that increase as the perceived credit risk of the relevant asset increases. For certain types of exposures, such as securitization exposures, the standardized approach establishes one or more methodologies that are to be used to calculate the risk-weighted asset amount for the exposure. The standardized approach took effect on January 1, 2015 for PNC.

The third part of the rules adopted in July 2013 is referred to as the advanced approaches and materially revises the framework for the risk-weighting of assets under Basel II. The Basel II framework, which was adopted by the Basel Committee in 2004, seeks to provide more risk-sensitive regulatory capital calculations and promote enhanced risk

management practices among large, internationally active banking organizations. Advanced approaches risk-weighted assets take into account credit, market and operational risk and rely to a significant extent on internal models. The advanced approaches modifications adopted by the U.S. banking agencies became effective on January 1, 2014, and generally apply to banking organizations (such as PNC and PNC Bank) that have $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets or that have $10 billion or more in on-balance sheet foreign exposure. Prior to fully implementing the advanced approaches to calculate risk-weighted assets, PNC and PNC Bank must successfully complete a “parallel run” qualification phase. PNC and PNC Bank entered this parallel run qualification phase on January 1, 2013. As discussed further in Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report, the Basel Committee continues to consider additional, significant changes to the international capital framework for banking organizations. The timing of the Basel Committee’s work, the likelihood that these or similar changes would be implemented by the U.S. banking agencies in the United States, and the implications of any such developments on the U.S. regulatory capital framework (including the advanced approaches and the parallel run qualification period for PNC and PNC Bank) are not fully known at this time.

As a result of the phase-in periods included in the Basel III rules, as well as the fact that we remain in the parallel run qualification phase for the advanced approaches, our regulatory risk-based capital ratios in 2016 were based on the definitions of, and deductions from, regulatory capital under Basel III (as such definitions and deductions were phased-in for 2016) and the standardized approach for determining risk-weighted assets. Until we have exited parallel run, our regulatory risk-based Basel III ratios will be calculated using the standardized approach for determining risk-weighted assets, and the definitions of, and deductions from, capital under Basel III (as such definitions and deductions are phased-in through 2019). Once we exit parallel run, our regulatory risk-based capital ratios will be the lower of the ratios calculated under the standardized approach and the advanced approaches. We refer to the capital ratios calculated using the phased-in Basel III provisions as the Transitional Basel III ratios. The Transitional Basel III regulatory capital ratios of PNC and PNC Bank as of December 31, 2016 exceeded the applicable minimum levels in effect for 2016. For additional information regarding the Transitional Basel III capital ratios of PNC and PNC Bank as of December 31, 2016, as well as the levels needed to be considered “well capitalized”, see the Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of Item 7 of this Report.

The Federal Reserve has adopted rules to apply an additional risk-based CET1 capital surcharge to U.S. firms identified as globally systemically important banks (GSIBs) using a scoring methodology that is based on five measures of global systemic importance (size, interconnectedness, substitutability,

 

 

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complexity, and cross-jurisdictional activity). In addition, in December 2016, the Federal Reserve finalized rules that require U.S. GSIBs and the U.S. operations of foreign-based GSIBs to meet a new minimum long-term debt requirement and a new minimum total loss-absorbing capacity (TLAC) requirement. The GSIB surcharge and the new minimum long-term debt and TLAC requirements are subject to a phase in period and will be fully effective on January 1, 2019. We are not a GSIB based on the methodology described above and, therefore, are not subject to these requirements.

The risk-based capital rules that the federal banking regulators have adopted require the capital-to-assets ratios of banking organizations, including PNC and PNC Bank, to meet certain minimum standards. Banking organizations must maintain a minimum CET1 ratio of 4.5%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0%, and a total capital ratio of 8.0%, in each case in relation to risk-weighted assets, to be considered “adequately capitalized.” Banking organizations also must maintain a capital conservation buffer requirement above the minimum risk-based capital ratio requirements in order to avoid limitations on capital distributions (including dividends and repurchases of any Tier 1 capital instrument, including common and qualifying preferred stock) and certain discretionary incentive compensation payments. The multi-year phase-in of the capital conservation buffer requirement began on January 1, 2016, and, for 2017, banking organizations (including PNC and PNC Bank) are required to maintain a risk-based CET1 capital ratio of at least 5.75%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 7.5%, and a total capital ratio of at least 9.5% to avoid limitations on capital distributions and certain discretionary incentive compensation payments. When fully phased-in on January 1, 2019, banking organizations must maintain a CET1 capital ratio of at least 7.0%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 8.5%, and a total capital ratio of at least 10.5%, in each case in relation to risk-weighted assets, to avoid limitations on capital distributions and certain discretionary incentive compensation payments.

For banking organizations that are subject to the advanced approaches (such as PNC and PNC Bank), these higher capital conservation buffer levels above the regulatory minimums could be supplemented by a countercyclical capital buffer based on U.S. credit exposures of up to an additional 2.5% of risk-weighted assets (once fully phased-in). This buffer is currently set at zero in the United States. In September 2016, the Federal Reserve finalized a policy statement on the framework and factors the Federal Reserve would use in setting and adjusting the amount of the U.S. countercyclical capital buffer. Covered banking organizations would generally have 12 months after the announcement of any increase in the countercyclical capital buffer to meet the increased buffer requirement, unless the Federal Reserve determines to establish an earlier effective date. Under the phase-in schedule for the countercyclical capital buffer, the maximum potential countercyclical capital buffer amount is 1.25% in 2017, 1.875% in 2018, and 2.5% in 2019 and thereafter. When fully

phased-in and if the full buffer amount is implemented, covered banking organizations would be required to maintain a risk-based CET1 capital ratio of at least 9.5%, a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 11%, and a total capital ratio of at least 13% to avoid limitations on capital distributions and certain discretionary incentive compensation payments.

The regulatory capital framework adopted by the federal banking regulators also requires that banking organizations maintain a minimum amount of Tier 1 capital to average consolidated assets, referred to as the leverage ratio. Banking organizations are required to maintain a minimum leverage ratio of Tier 1 capital to total assets of 4.0%. As of December 31, 2016, the leverage ratios of PNC and PNC Bank were above the required minimum level.

Banking organizations subject to the advanced approaches (such as PNC and PNC Bank) also will be subject to a new minimum 3.0% supplementary leverage ratio that becomes effective on January 1, 2018. The supplementary leverage ratio is calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by total leverage exposure, which takes into account on-balance sheet assets as well as certain off-balance sheet items, including loan commitments and potential future exposure under derivative contracts. BHCs with total consolidated assets of more than $700 billion or assets under custody of more than $10 trillion, as well as the insured depository institution subsidiaries of these BHCs, are subject to a higher supplementary leverage ratio requirement. These higher supplementary leverage requirements do not apply to PNC or PNC Bank.

Failure to meet applicable capital requirements could subject a banking organization to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal bank regulatory agencies, including a limitation on the ability to pay dividends or repurchase shares, the issuance of a capital directive to increase capital and, in severe cases, the termination of deposit insurance by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and the appointment of a conservator or receiver. In some cases, the extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution in question is considered “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly undercapitalized” or “critically undercapitalized.” Generally, the smaller an institution’s capital base in relation to its risk-weighted or total assets, the greater the scope and severity of the agencies’ powers. Business activities may also be affected by an institution’s capital classification. For example, in order for PNC to remain a financial holding company and engage in the broader range of financial activities authorized for such a company, PNC and PNC Bank must remain “well capitalized.” At December 31, 2016, PNC and PNC Bank exceeded the required ratios for classification as “well capitalized.” The thresholds at which an insured depository institution is considered “well capitalized,” “adequately capitalized,” “undercapitalized,” “significantly undercapitalized” or “critically undercapitalized” are based on (i) the institution’s CET1, Tier 1 and total risk-based capital

 

 

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ratios; (ii) the institution’s leverage ratio; and (iii) for the definitions of “adequately capitalized” and “undercapitalized”, the institution’s supplementary leverage ratio (if applicable) once the supplementary leverage ratio takes effect as a minimum requirement in 2018. For additional discussion of capital adequacy requirements, we refer you to the Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of Item 7 of this Report and to Note 18 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

In addition to these regulatory capital requirements, we are subject to the Federal Reserve’s capital plan rule, annual capital stress testing requirements and Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) process, as well as the annual and mid-year Dodd-Frank capital stress testing (DFAST) requirements of the Federal Reserve (annual and mid-cycle) and the OCC (annual). As part of the CCAR process, the Federal Reserve undertakes a supervisory assessment of the capital adequacy of BHCs, including PNC, that have $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets. For us, this capital adequacy assessment is based on a review of a comprehensive capital plan submitted to the Federal Reserve that describes the company’s planned capital actions, such as plans to pay or increase common stock dividends, reinstate or increase common stock repurchase programs, or redeem preferred stock or other regulatory capital instruments, during the nine quarter review period, as well as the results of stress tests conducted by both the company and the Federal Reserve under different hypothetical macro-economic scenarios, including a supervisory adverse scenario and severely adverse scenario provided by the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve can object to our capital plan for qualitative or quantitative reasons. If the Federal Reserve objects to a BHC’s capital plan, the BHC cannot make capital distributions without specific Federal Reserve approval.

In evaluating capital plans of BHCs with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets, $10 billion or more in on-balance sheet foreign exposure, or $75 million or more in nonbank assets, the Federal Reserve considers a number of qualitative factors, which have become increasingly important in the CCAR process in recent years. The Federal Reserve’s supervisory expectations for the capital planning and stress testing processes at large and complex BHCs, including PNC, are heightened relative to smaller and less complex BHCs. In assessing a BHC’s capital planning and stress testing processes, the Federal Reserve considers whether the BHC has sound and effective governance to oversee these processes. The Federal Reserve’s evaluation focuses on whether a BHC’s capital planning and stress testing processes are supported by a strong risk management framework to identify, measure and assess material risks and that provides a strong foundation to capital planning. The Federal Reserve also considers the comprehensiveness of a BHC’s control framework and evaluates a BHC’s policy guidelines for capital planning and assessing capital adequacy. A BHC’s scenario design

processes and approaches for estimating the impact of stress on its capital position are comprehensively reviewed to ensure that projections reflect the impact of appropriately stressful conditions, as well as risks idiosyncratic to the BHC, on its capital position. Significant deficiencies in a BHC’s capital planning and stress testing processes may result in a qualitative objection by the Federal Reserve to its capital plan.

From a quantitative perspective, the Federal Reserve considers whether under different hypothetical macro-economic scenarios, including the supervisory severely adverse scenario, the company would be able to maintain throughout each quarter of the nine quarter planning horizon, even if it maintained its base case planned capital actions, projected regulatory risk-based and leverage capital ratios that exceed the minimums that are, or would then be, in effect for the company, taking into account the Basel III capital rules and any applicable phase-in periods. Failure to meet a minimum regulatory risk-based or leverage capital requirement on a projected stress basis is grounds for objection to a BHC’s capital plan. In addition, the Federal Reserve evaluates a company’s projected path towards compliance with the Basel III regulatory capital framework on a fully implemented basis.

In connection with the 2017 CCAR exercise, we must file our capital plan and stress testing results using financial data as of December 31, 2016 with the Federal Reserve by April 5, 2017. We expect to receive the Federal Reserve’s response (either a non-objection or objection) to the capital plan submitted as part of the 2017 CCAR in June 2017.

As part of the CCAR and annual DFAST processes, both we and the Federal Reserve release certain revenue, loss and capital results from their stress testing exercises. For the 2017 exercises, the Federal Reserve has announced that it intends to publish its supervisory revenue, loss and capital projections for participating BHCs under the supervisory adverse and severely adverse macro-economic scenarios using the common assumptions concerning capital distributions established by the Federal Reserve in its DFAST regulations (DFAST capital action assumptions), as well as capital ratio information using the company’s proposed base case capital actions. Within 15 days after the Federal Reserve publishes its DFAST results, we also are required to publicly disclose our own estimates of certain capital, revenue and loss information under the same hypothetical supervisory severely adverse macro-economic scenario and applying the DFAST capital action assumptions.

Federal Reserve regulations also require that we and other large BHCs conduct a separate, mid-cycle stress test using financial data as of June 30 and three company-derived macro-economic scenarios (base, adverse and severely adverse) and publish a summary of the results under the severely adverse scenario. For the 2017 mid-cycle stress test cycle, we must publish our results in the period between October 5 and November 4, 2017.

 

 

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The Federal Reserve’s capital plan rule provides that a BHC must resubmit a new capital plan prior to the annual submission date if, among other things, there has been or will be a material change in the BHC’s risk profile, financial condition, or corporate structure since its last capital plan submission. Under the “de minimis” safe harbor of the Federal Reserve’s capital plan rule, we may make limited repurchases of common stock or other capital distributions in amounts that exceed the amounts included in our most recently approved capital plan subject to certain conditions, including that the Federal Reserve does not object to the additional repurchases or distributions. Such distributions may not exceed, in the aggregate, 1% of Tier 1 capital for the CCAR 2016 planning period, and 0.25% of Tier 1 capital for the CCAR 2017 planning period and thereafter.

In September 2016, Governor Daniel Tarullo of the Federal Reserve outlined in a speech additional changes that the Federal Reserve is considering to its capital plan rule and the CCAR process, including the establishment of a new “stress capital buffer”. Governor Tarullo indicated that such potential changes would be issued for public comment at a later date and, accordingly, the precise nature of these additional potential changes is not known at this time.

Basel III Liquidity and Other Requirements. The Basel III framework adopted by the Basel Committee included short-term liquidity standards (Liquidity Coverage Ratio or LCR) and long-term funding standards (Net Stable Funding Ratio or NSFR).

The rules adopted by the U.S. banking agencies to implement the LCR took effect on January 1, 2015. The LCR rules are designed to ensure that covered banking organizations maintain an adequate level of cash and high quality, unencumbered liquid assets (HQLA) to meet estimated net liquidity needs in a short-term stress scenario using liquidity inflow and outflow assumptions prescribed in the rules (net cash outflow). A company’s LCR is the amount of its HQLA, as defined and calculated in accordance with the haircuts and limitations in the rule, divided by its net cash outflow, with the quotient expressed as a percentage.

Top-tier BHCs (like PNC) that are subject to the advanced approaches for regulatory capital purposes, as well as any subsidiary depository institution of such a company that has $10 billion or more in total consolidated assets (such as PNC Bank), are subject to the full LCR (rather than the less stringent modified LCR). The minimum required ratio under the Full LCR was subject to a phase-in schedule, with the minimum in 2016 being 90%, increasing to the fully phased-in minimum of 100% effective January 1, 2017. Effective July 1, 2016, PNC and PNC Bank were required to calculate the LCR on a daily basis. An institution required to calculate the LCR on a daily basis must promptly provide its regulator with a plan for achieving compliance with the minimum if its LCR is below the minimum for three consecutive business days.

The Federal Reserve has adopted a rule that requires large BHCs, including PNC, to publicly disclose certain quantitative and qualitative measures of their LCR-related liquidity profile. These disclosures include major components used to calculate the LCR (e.g., HQLA, cash outflows and inflows for the consolidated parent company), and a qualitative discussion of the BHC’s LCR results, including, among other things, key drivers of the results, composition of HQLA and concentration of funding sources. We will be required to make these disclosures starting with the second quarter of 2018.

The NSFR is designed to promote a stable maturity structure of assets and liabilities of banking organizations over a one-year time horizon. The Basel Committee, in October 2014, released the final NSFR framework. In April 2016, the Federal Reserve, FDIC and OCC requested comment on proposed rules that would implement the NSFR in the United States. The proposed rules would require a covered BHC to calculate its NSFR as the ratios of its available stable funding (ASF) and its required stable funding (RSF) amount, each as defined in the proposed rules, over a one-year horizon. The regulatory minimum ratio for all covered banking organizations is 100 percent. For BHCs with assets of $50 billion or more, but less than $250 billion, and on-balance sheet foreign exposure of less than $10 billion, the RSF amount is scaled by a factor of 70 percent. The proposal also includes requirements for quarterly quantitative and qualitative NSFR disclosures. The requirements of the proposed rules would take effect January 1, 2018. The comment period on the proposed rules closed on August 5, 2016. Although the impact on us will not be fully known until the rules are final, we have taken several actions to prepare for implementation of the NSFR and we expect to be in compliance with the NSFR requirements when they become effective.

The Federal Reserve also has adopted new liquidity risk management requirements for BHCs with $50 billion or more in consolidated total assets (like PNC). These rules require covered BHCs to, among other things, conduct internal liquidity stress tests over a range of time horizons, maintain a buffer of highly liquid assets sufficient to meet projected net outflows under the BHC’s 30-day liquidity stress test, and maintain a contingency funding plan that meets detailed requirements.

For additional discussion of regulatory liquidity requirements, please refer to the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of Item 7 of this Report.

Parent Company Liquidity and Dividends. The principal source of our liquidity at the parent company level is dividends from PNC Bank. PNC Bank is subject to various restrictions on its ability to pay dividends to PNC Bancorp, Inc., its direct parent, which is a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of PNC. PNC Bank is also subject to federal laws limiting extensions of credit to its parent holding company and

 

 

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non-bank affiliates as discussed in Note 18 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report. Further information on bank level liquidity and parent company liquidity and on certain contractual restrictions is also available in the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of Item 7 of this Report, and in Note 10 Borrowed Funds and Note 15 Equity in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

Federal Reserve rules provide that a BHC is expected to serve as a source of financial strength to its subsidiary banks and to commit resources to support such banks if necessary. Dodd-Frank requires that the Federal Reserve jointly adopt new rules with the OCC and the FDIC to implement this source of strength requirement. These joint rules have not yet been proposed. Consistent with the “source of strength” policy for subsidiary banks, the Federal Reserve has stated that, as a matter of prudent banking, a BHC generally should not maintain a rate of cash dividends unless its net income available to common shareholders has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears to be consistent with the corporation’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. Further, in providing guidance to the large BHCs participating in the 2017 CCAR, discussed above, the Federal Reserve stated that it expects capital plans submitted in 2017 to reflect conservative dividend payout ratios and net share repurchase programs, and that requests that imply common dividend payout ratios above 30% of projected after-tax net income available to common shareholders will receive particularly close scrutiny.

The Federal Reserve and the OCC have provided guidance regarding incentive and other elements of compensation provided to executives and other employees at financial services companies they regulate, both as general industry-wide guidance and guidance specific to select larger companies, including PNC. Acting under provisions of Dodd-Frank, the Federal Reserve, the OCC, the FDIC, the SEC and two other regulatory agencies have jointly proposed regulations to, among other things, prohibit incentive-based compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risk-taking. These regulations were initially proposed in 2011 and re-proposed in 2016 and have not been finalized, with the timing of final adoption and the form of any final regulations uncertain. Regulation of compensation provided by us to our executives and other employees, whether through guidance or rules and regulations, could hamper our ability to attract and retain quality employees.

Additional Powers Under the GLB Act. The GLB Act permits a qualifying BHC to become a “financial holding company” and thereby engage in, or affiliate with financial companies engaging in, a broader range of activities than would otherwise be permitted for a BHC. Permitted affiliates include securities underwriters and dealers, insurance companies and companies engaged in other activities that are determined by

the Federal Reserve, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, to be “financial in nature or incidental thereto” or are determined by the Federal Reserve unilaterally to be “complementary” to financial activities. We became a financial holding company as of March 13, 2000. In order to be and remain a financial holding company, a BHC and its subsidiary depository institutions must be “well capitalized” and “well managed.” In addition, a financial holding company generally may not engage in a new financial activity authorized by the GLB Act, or acquire a company engaged in such a new activity, if any of its insured depository institutions received a less than Satisfactory rating at its most recent evaluation under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). Among other activities, we currently rely on our status as a financial holding company to conduct merchant banking activities and securities underwriting and dealing activities. As subsidiaries of a financial holding company under the GLB Act, our non-bank subsidiaries are generally allowed to conduct new financial activities, and we are generally permitted to acquire non-bank financial companies that have less than $10 billion in assets, with after-the-fact notice to the Federal Reserve.

In addition, the GLB Act permits qualifying national banks to engage in expanded activities through the formation of a “financial subsidiary.” PNC Bank has filed a financial subsidiary certification with the OCC and currently engages in insurance agency activities through financial subsidiaries. PNC Bank may also generally engage through a financial subsidiary in any activity that is determined to be financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Federal Reserve (other than insurance underwriting activities, insurance company investment activities and merchant banking). In order to have a financial subsidiary, a national bank and each of its depository institution affiliates must be and remain “well capitalized” and “well managed.” In addition, a financial subsidiary generally may not engage in a new financial activity authorized by the GLB Act, or acquire a company engaged in such a new financial activity, if the national bank or any of its insured depository institution affiliates received a less than Satisfactory rating at its most recent evaluation under the CRA.

If a financial holding company or a national bank with a financial subsidiary fails to continue to meet the applicable “well capitalized” or “well managed” criteria, the financial holding company or national bank must enter into an agreement with the Federal Reserve or the OCC, respectively, that, among other things, identifies how the capital or management deficiencies will be corrected. Until such deficiencies are corrected, the relevant agency may impose limits or conditions on the activities of the company or bank, and the company or bank may not engage in, or acquire a company engaged in, the types of expanded activities only permissible for a financial holding company or financial subsidiary without prior approval of the relevant agency.

 

 

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Volcker Rule. In December 2013, the U.S. banking agencies, SEC and CFTC issued final rules to implement the “Volcker Rule” provisions of Dodd-Frank. The Volcker Rule’s prohibitions and restrictions generally became effective on July 21, 2015. The rules prohibit banks and their affiliates (collectively, banking entities) from trading as principal on a short-term basis in securities, derivatives and certain other financial instruments, but also include several important exclusions and exemptions from this prohibition. These exclusions and exemptions, for example, permit banking entities, subject to a variety of conditions and restrictions, to trade as principal for securities underwriting, market making and risk-mitigating hedging purposes, and to trade in U.S. government and municipal securities. We currently do not expect the proprietary trading aspects of the final rules to have a material effect on our businesses or revenue. However, the limits and restrictions of the Volcker Rule could, depending on the agencies’ approach to interpreting the rules, cause us to forego engaging in hedging or other transactions that it would otherwise undertake in the ordinary course of business and, thus, to some extent, may limit our ability to most effectively hedge our risks, manage our balance sheet or provide products or services to our customers.

The rules also prohibit banking entities from acquiring and retaining ownership interests in, sponsoring, and having certain relationships with private funds (such as, for example, private equity and hedge funds) that would be an investment company for purposes of the Investment Company Act of 1940 but for the exemptions in sections 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of that act (covered funds). Again there are exemptions from these restrictions which themselves are subject to a variety of conditions. Moreover, the rules prohibit banking entities from engaging in permitted trading or covered fund activities if the activity would involve or result in a material conflict of interest between the banking entity and its clients, customers, or counterparties, result in a material exposure by the banking entity to a high-risk asset or a high-risk trading strategy, or pose a threat to the safety and soundness of the banking entity or to the financial stability of the United States. Banking entities, like PNC, that have $50 billion or more in total assets are required to establish and maintain an enhanced compliance program designed to ensure that the entity complies with the requirements of the final rules.

In July 2016, the Federal Reserve, exercising authority granted by the Volcker Rule, granted all banking entities until July 21, 2017 to conform their investments in, and relationships with, covered funds that were held or existed prior to December 31, 2013 (legacy covered funds) to the requirements of the Volcker Rule. The Federal Reserve also has the ability to provide banking entities up to an additional 5 years to conform investments in and other relationships with covered funds that qualify as “illiquid funds” under the Volcker Rule and the Federal Reserve’s implementing regulation. In February 2017, PNC received such an additional 5 year period, ending on July 21, 2022, to conform or divest its interests in approximately $300 million illiquid legacy covered funds.

Other Federal Reserve and OCC Regulation and Supervision. Laws and regulations limit the scope of our permitted activities and investments. The federal banking agencies also possess broad powers to take corrective action as deemed appropriate for an insured depository institution and its holding company, and the Federal Reserve and the OCC have the ability to take enforcement action against PNC and PNC Bank, respectively, to prevent and remedy acts and practices that the agencies determine to be unfair or deceptive.

Moreover, examination ratings of “3” or lower, lower capital ratios than peer group institutions, regulatory concerns regarding management, controls, assets, operations or other factors, can all potentially result in practical limitations on the ability of a bank or BHC to engage in new activities, grow, acquire new businesses, repurchase its stock or pay dividends, or to continue to conduct existing activities. The OCC, moreover, has established certain heightened risk management and governance standards for large banks, including PNC Bank, as enforceable guidelines under section 39 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act). The guidelines, among other things, establish minimum standards for the design and implementation of a risk governance framework, describe the appropriate risk management roles and responsibilities of front line units, independent risk management, internal audit, and the board of directors, and provide that a covered bank should have a comprehensive written statement that articulates its risk appetite and serves as a basis for the framework (a risk appetite statement). If the OCC determines that a covered national bank is not in compliance with these or other guidelines established under section 39 of the FDI Act (including the guidelines relating to information security standards), the OCC may require the bank to submit a corrective action plan and may initiate enforcement action against the bank if an acceptable plan is not submitted or the bank fails to comply with an approved plan.

Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Reserve’s implementing regulation, Regulation W, place quantitative and qualitative restrictions on covered transactions between a bank and its affiliates (for example between PNC Bank, on the one hand, and PNC and its nonbank subsidiaries, on the other hand). In general, section 23A and Regulation W limit the total amount of covered transactions between a bank and any single affiliate to 10 percent of the bank’s capital stock and surplus, limit the total amount of covered transactions between a bank and all its affiliates to 20 percent of the bank’s capital stock and surplus, prohibit a bank from purchasing low-quality assets from an affiliate, and require certain covered transactions to be secured with prescribed amounts of collateral. Section 23B generally requires that transactions between a bank and its affiliates be on terms that are at least as favorable to the bank as the terms that would apply in comparable transactions between the bank and a third party. Dodd-Frank amended section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act to include as a covered transaction the credit exposure of a

 

 

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bank to an affiliate arising from a derivative transaction with the affiliate. The Federal Reserve has yet to propose rules to implement these revisions.

The Federal Reserve’s prior approval is required whenever we propose to acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank, to acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of any bank or BHC, or to merge or consolidate with any other BHC. The BHC Act and other federal law enumerates the factors the Federal Reserve must consider when reviewing the merger of BHCs, the acquisition of banks, or the acquisition of voting securities of a bank or BHC. These factors include the competitive effects of the proposal in the relevant geographic markets; the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the companies and banks involved in the transaction; the effect of the transaction on the financial stability of the United States; the organizations’ compliance with anti-money laundering laws and regulations; the convenience and needs of the communities to be served; and the records of performance under the CRA of the insured depository institutions involved in the transaction. The Federal Reserve’s prior approval is also required, and similar factors are considered, to acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of a savings association or savings and loan holding company, or to merge or consolidate with a savings and loan holding company. In cases involving interstate bank acquisitions, the Federal Reserve also must consider the concentration of deposits nationwide and in certain individual states. Under Dodd-Frank, a BHC is generally prohibited from merging or consolidating with, or acquiring, another company if the resulting company’s liabilities upon consummation would exceed 10% of the aggregate liabilities of the U.S. financial sector (including the U.S. liabilities of foreign financial companies). In extraordinary cases, the FSOC, in conjunction with the Federal Reserve, could order the break-up of financial firms that are deemed to present a grave threat to the financial stability of the United States. OCC prior approval is required for PNC Bank to acquire another insured bank or savings association by merger or to acquire deposits or substantially all of the assets of such institutions. In deciding whether to approve such a transaction, the OCC is required to consider factors similar to those that must be considered by the Federal Reserve in connection with the acquisition of a bank or BHC. Approval of the FDIC is required to merge a nonbank entity into PNC Bank. Our ability to grow through acquisitions or reorganize our operations could be limited by these approval requirements.

At December 31, 2016, PNC Bank had an “Outstanding” rating with respect to the CRA.

Based on the Federal Reserve’s interpretation of the BHC Act, the Federal Reserve has indicated that it considers BlackRock to be a subsidiary of PNC for purposes of the BHC Act due to PNC’s current and historical ownership interest in, and other relationships with, BlackRock and, thus, subject to the supervision and regulation of the Federal Reserve.

FDIC Insurance and Related Matters. PNC Bank is insured by the FDIC and subject to deposit premium assessments. Regulatory matters could increase the cost of FDIC deposit insurance premiums to an insured bank as FDIC deposit insurance premiums are “risk based.” Therefore, higher fee percentages would be charged to banks that have lower capital ratios or higher risk profiles. These risk profiles take into account, among other things, weaknesses that are found by the primary banking regulator through its examination and supervision of the bank and the bank’s holdings of assets or liabilities classified as higher risk by the FDIC. A negative evaluation by the FDIC or a bank’s primary federal banking regulator could increase the costs to a bank and result in an aggregate cost of deposit funds higher than that of competing banks in a lower risk category.

Federal banking laws and regulations also apply a variety of requirements or restrictions on insured depository institutions with respect to brokered deposits. For instance, only a “well capitalized” insured depository institution may accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval. In addition, brokered deposits are generally subject to higher outflow assumptions than other types of deposits for purposes of the LCR.

Dodd-Frank mandated an increase in the Designated Reserve Ratio (the balance in the Deposit Insurance Fund divided by estimated insured deposits) from 1.15% to 1.35% by September 30, 2020, and required that insured depository institutions with $10 billion or more in total assets, such as PNC, bear the cost of the increase. As a result, the FDIC adopted rules that impose a deposit insurance assessment surcharge (Surcharge) on insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more (including PNC Bank), which became effective on July 1, 2016. The Surcharge will continue in effect until the reserve ratio reaches 1.35 percent (estimated by the FDIC to occur before the end of 2018).

Recovery and Resolution Planning. Dodd-Frank requires BHCs that have $50 billion or more in assets, such as PNC, to periodically submit to the Federal Reserve and the FDIC a resolution plan that includes, among other things, an analysis of how the company could be resolved in a rapid and orderly fashion if the company were to fail or experience material financial distress. The Federal Reserve and the FDIC may jointly impose restrictions on a covered BHC, including additional capital requirements or limitations on growth, if the agencies jointly determine that the company’s plan is not credible or would not facilitate a rapid and orderly resolution of the company under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (or other applicable resolution framework), and additionally could require the company to divest assets or take other actions if the company did not submit an acceptable resolution plan within two years after any such restrictions were imposed. The FDIC also requires large insured depository institutions, including PNC Bank, to periodically submit a resolution plan to the FDIC that includes, among other things, an analysis of

 

 

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how the institution could be resolved under the FDI Act in a manner that protects depositors and limits losses or costs to creditors of the bank in accordance with the FDI Act. Depending on how the agencies conduct their review of the resolution plans submitted by PNC and PNC Bank, these requirements could affect the ways in which PNC structures and conducts its business and result in higher compliance and operating costs. PNC and PNC Bank are required to submit their next resolution plans by December 31, 2017.

The OCC has adopted final enforceable guidelines under section 39 of the FDI Act that establish standards for recovery planning for insured national banks with average total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, including PNC Bank. These guidelines require a covered bank to develop and maintain a recovery plan that, among other things, identifies a range of options that could be undertaken by the covered bank to restore its financial strength and viability should identified triggering events occur. For PNC Bank the compliance date for these guidelines is January 1, 2018. The recovery plan guidelines are enforceable in the same manner as the other guidelines the OCC has established under section 39 of the FDI Act.

CFPB Regulation and Supervision. Dodd-Frank gives the CFPB authority to examine PNC and PNC Bank for compliance with a broad range of federal consumer financial laws and regulations, including the laws and regulations that relate to deposit products, credit card, mortgage, automobile and other consumer loans, and other consumer financial products and services we offer. The CFPB also has the power to issue regulations and take enforcement actions to prevent and remedy acts and practices relating to consumer financial products and services that it deems to be unfair, deceptive or abusive, and to impose new disclosure requirements for any consumer financial product or service. In addition to these authorities, on July 21, 2011, and pursuant to Dodd-Frank, the CFPB assumed authorities under other consumer financial laws in effect on that date governing the provision of consumer financial products and services.

The CFPB has engaged in extensive rulemaking activities, including adopting comprehensive new rules on mortgage related topics required under Dodd-Frank, including borrower ability-to-repay and qualified mortgage standards, mortgage servicing standards and loan originator compensation standards. In October 2015, broad new regulations took effect that substantially revised the disclosures we provide to prospective residential mortgage customers. These regulations, among other things, require the provision of new disclosures near the time a prospective borrower submits an application and three days prior to closing of a mortgage loan. The CFPB is also engaged or expected to engage in rulemakings that impact products and services offered by PNC Bank, including regulations affecting prepaid cards, overdraft fees charged on deposit accounts and arbitration and class-action waiver provisions included in customer account agreements. If adopted, it is possible that CFPB regulations in

these or other areas could reduce the fees that we receive, alter the way we provide our products and services, or expose us to greater private litigation risks.

Securities and Derivatives Regulation

Our registered broker-dealer and investment adviser subsidiaries are subject to rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC.

Several of our subsidiaries are registered with the SEC as investment advisers and may provide investment advisory services to clients, other of our affiliates or related entities, including registered investment companies.

Broker-dealer subsidiaries are registered with the SEC and subject to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and related regulations. The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is the primary self-regulatory organization for our registered broker-dealer subsidiaries. Investment adviser subsidiaries are subject to the requirements of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and related regulations. Our investment adviser subsidiary that serves as adviser to registered investment companies is also subject to the requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940 and related regulations. Our broker-dealer and investment adviser subsidiaries also are subject to additional regulation by states or local jurisdictions.

Over the past several years, the SEC and other regulatory agencies have increased their focus on the asset management, mutual fund and broker-dealer industries. Congress and the SEC have adopted regulatory reforms and are considering additional reforms that have increased, and are likely to continue to increase, the extent of regulation of the mutual fund, investment adviser and broker-dealer industries and impose additional compliance obligations and costs on our subsidiaries involved with those industries. Under provisions of the federal securities laws applicable to broker-dealers, investment advisers and registered investment companies and their service providers, a determination by a court or regulatory agency that certain violations have occurred at a company or its affiliates can result in fines, restitution, a limitation on permitted activities, disqualification to continue to conduct certain activities and an inability to rely on certain favorable exemptions. Certain types of infractions and violations also can affect our ability to expeditiously issue new securities into the capital markets. In addition, certain changes in the activities of a broker-dealer require approval from FINRA, and FINRA takes into account a variety of considerations in acting upon applications for such approval, including internal controls, capital levels, management experience and quality, prior enforcement and disciplinary history and supervisory concerns.

Title VII of Dodd-Frank imposes comprehensive and significant regulations on the activities of financial institutions that are active in the U.S. over-the-counter derivatives and

 

 

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foreign exchange markets. Title VII was enacted to (i) address systemic risk issues, (ii) bring greater transparency to the derivatives markets, (iii) provide enhanced disclosures and protection to customers, and (iv) promote market integrity. Among other things, Title VII: (i) requires the registration of both “swap dealers” and “major swap participants” with one or both of the CFTC (in the case of non security-based swaps) and the SEC (in the case of security-based swaps); (ii) requires that most standardized swaps be centrally cleared through a regulated clearing house and traded on a centralized exchange or swap execution facility; (iii) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to capital and margin requirements in excess of historical practice; (iv) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to comprehensive new recordkeeping and real-time public reporting requirements; (v) subjects swap dealers and major swap participants to new business conduct requirements, including the provision of daily marks to counterparties and disclosing to counterparties (pre-execution) the material risks, material incentives, and any conflicts of interest associated with their swap; (vi) imposes special duties on swap dealers and major swap participants when transacting a swap with a “special entity” (e.g., governmental agency (federal, state or local) or political subdivision thereof, pension plan or endowment); and (vii) effective March 1, 2017, will impose variation margin requirements on swaps that are not centrally cleared through a regulated clearing house.

As PNC Bank is registered as a swap dealer with the CFTC, it is subject to the regulations and requirements imposed on registered swap dealers, and the CFTC (and for certain delegated responsibilities, the National Futures Association) has a meaningful supervisory role with respect to PNC Bank’s derivatives and foreign exchange businesses. Because of the limited volume of our security-based swap activities, PNC Bank has not registered with the SEC as a security-based swap dealer. The regulations and requirements applicable to swap dealers will collectively impose implementation and ongoing compliance burdens on PNC Bank and introduces additional legal risks (including as a result of newly applicable anti-fraud and anti-manipulation provisions and private rights of action).

BlackRock has subsidiaries in securities and related businesses subject to SEC, other governmental agencies, state, local and FINRA regulation, and a federally chartered nondepository trust company subsidiary subject to supervision and regulation by the OCC. For additional information about the regulation of BlackRock by these agencies and otherwise, we refer you to the discussion under the “Regulation” section of Item 1 Business in BlackRock’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, which may be obtained electronically at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Regulations of Other Agencies

In addition to regulations issued by the federal banking, securities and derivatives regulators, we also are subject to regulations issued by other federal agencies with respect to

certain financial products and services we offer. For example, certain of our fiduciary and investment management activities are subject to regulations issued by the Department of Labor (DOL) under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), as amended, and certain of our student lending and servicing activities are subject to regulation by the Department of Education. The DOL has issued final rules expanding the definition of “investment advice” related to retirement accounts and certain other accounts that are subject to DOL interpretive authority. The rule will increase the scope of activities that give rise to fiduciary status under ERISA and the Internal Revenue Code. The rules, which will primarily apply to aspects of our retail and asset management business lines, require new disclosures, development of policies and procedures, and contractual obligations for some account types, among other things. The rules are currently scheduled to take effect on April 10, 2017 with a transition period between April 10, 2017 and January 1, 2018 during which time reduced requirements apply. Full compliance is currently required on January 1, 2018. A presidential memorandum issued on February 3, 2017 directed the DOL to review the rules to determine whether, among other things, the rules harm investors or increase costs. In a statement issued that same day, the DOL indicated that it is considering its legal options to delay the rules’ applicability date. Whether and how these developments may impact the April 10, 2017 applicability date remains unclear.

Competition

We are subject to intense competition from other regulated banking organizations, as well as various other types of financial institutions and non-bank entities that can offer a number of similar products and services without being subject to bank regulatory supervision and restrictions.

PNC Bank competes for deposits and/or loans with:

   

Other commercial banks,

   

Savings banks,

   

Credit unions,

   

Consumer finance companies,

   

Leasing companies,

   

Other non-bank lenders,

   

Financial technology companies,

   

Treasury management service companies,

   

Insurance companies, and

   

Issuers of commercial paper and other securities, including mutual funds.

Our various non-bank businesses engaged in investment banking and alternative investment activities compete with:

   

Commercial banks,

   

Investment banking firms,

   

Collateralized loan obligation (CLO) managers,

   

Hedge funds,

   

Mutual fund complexes,

   

Merchant banks,

 

 

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Insurance companies,

   

Private equity firms, and

   

Other investment vehicles.

In providing asset management services, our businesses compete with:

   

Investment management firms,

   

Large banks and other financial institutions,

   

Brokerage firms,

   

Financial technology companies,

   

Mutual fund complexes, and

   

Insurance companies.

Loan pricing, structure and credit standards are extremely important in the current environment as we seek to achieve appropriate risk-adjusted returns. Traditional deposit-taking activities are also subject to pricing pressures and to customer migration as a result of intense competition for deposits and investments. Competitors may seek to compete with us through traditional channels (such as physical locations) or primarily through internet or mobile channels. We include here by reference the additional information regarding competition and factors affecting our competitive position included in the Item 1A Risk Factors of this Report.

Employees

Employees totaled 52,006 at December 31, 2016. This total includes 49,360 full-time and 2,646 part-time employees, of which 21,535 full-time and 2,269 part-time employees were employed by our Retail Banking business.

SEC Reports and Corporate Governance Information

We are subject to the informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) and, in accordance with the Exchange Act, we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. Our SEC File Number is 001-09718. You may read and copy this information at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street NE, Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. You can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You can obtain copies of this information by mail from the Public Reference Section of the SEC, 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549, at prescribed rates.

The SEC maintains an internet website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, including exhibits, proxy and information statements, and other information about issuers, like us, who file electronically with the SEC. You can also inspect reports, proxy statements and other information about us at the offices of the New York Stock Exchange, 20 Broad Street, New York, New York 10005.

We make our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed with or furnished to the

SEC pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act available free of charge on our internet website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Our corporate internet address is www.pnc.com and you can find this information at www.pnc.com/secfilings. Shareholders and bondholders may obtain copies of these filings without charge by contacting Shareholder Services at 800-982-7652 or via the online contact form at www.computershare.com/contactus for copies without exhibits, and by contacting Shareholder Relations at 800-843-2206 or via e-mail at investor.relations@pnc.com for copies of exhibits, including financial statement and schedule exhibits where applicable. The interactive data file (XBRL) exhibit is only available electronically.

Information about our Board of Directors and its committees and corporate governance at PNC is available on our corporate website at www.pnc.com/corporategovernance. Our PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our corporate website at www.pnc.com/corporategovernance. In addition, any future amendments to, or waivers from, a provision of the PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to our directors or executive officers (including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer or controller) will be posted at this internet address.

Shareholders who would like to request printed copies of the PNC Code of Business Conduct and Ethics or our Corporate Governance Guidelines or the charters of our Board of Directors’s Audit, Nominating and Governance, Personnel and Compensation, or Risk Committees (all of which are posted on our corporate website at www.pnc.com/corporategovernance) may do so by sending their requests to PNC’s Corporate Secretary at corporate headquarters at The Tower at PNC Plaza, 300 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15222-2401. Copies will be provided without charge to shareholders.

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol “PNC.”

Internet Information

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.’s financial reports and information about its products and services are available on the internet at www.pnc.com. We provide information for investors on our corporate website under “About Us – Investor Relations.” We use our Twitter account, @pncnews, as an additional way of disseminating to the public information that may be relevant to investors.

We generally post the following under “About Us – Investor Relations” shortly before or promptly following its first use or release: financially-related press releases, including earnings releases, and supplemental financial information, various SEC filings, including annual, quarterly and current reports and proxy statements, presentation materials associated with earnings and other investor conference calls or events, and

 

 

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access to live and recorded audio from earnings and other investor conference calls or events. In some cases, we may post the presentation materials for other investor conference calls or events several days prior to the call or event. When warranted, we will also use our website to expedite public access to time-critical information regarding PNC in advance of distribution of a press release or a filing with the SEC disclosing the same information. For earnings and other conference calls or events, we generally include in our posted materials a cautionary statement regarding forward-looking and non-GAAP financial information, and we provide GAAP reconciliations when we include non-GAAP financial information. Where applicable, we provide GAAP reconciliations for such additional information in materials for that event or in materials for other prior investor presentations or in our annual, quarterly or current reports.

We are required to provide additional public disclosure regarding estimated income, losses and pro forma regulatory capital ratios under supervisory and PNC-developed hypothetical severely adverse economic scenarios, as well as information concerning our capital stress testing processes, pursuant to the stress testing regulations adopted by the Federal Reserve and the OCC. We are also required to make certain additional regulatory capital-related public disclosures about our capital structure, risk exposures, risk assessment processes, risk-weighted assets and overall capital adequacy, including market risk-related disclosures, under the regulatory capital rules adopted by the Federal banking agencies. Under these regulations, we may satisfy these requirements through postings on our website, and we have done so and expect to continue to do so without also providing disclosure of this information through filings with the SEC.

Other information posted on our corporate website that may not be available in our filings with the SEC includes information relating to our corporate governance and annual communications from our chairman to shareholders.

Where we have included web addresses in this Report, such as our web address and the web address of the SEC, we have included those web addresses as inactive textual references only. Except as specifically incorporated by reference into this Report, information on those websites is not part hereof.

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

We are subject to a number of risks potentially impacting our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. As a financial services organization, certain elements of risk are inherent in our transactions and operations and are present in the business decisions we make. Thus, we encounter risk as part of the normal course of our business, and we design risk management processes to help manage these risks.

Our success is dependent on our ability to identify, understand and manage the risks presented by our business activities so that we can appropriately balance revenue generation and profitability. We categorize the risks we face as credit, liquidity, capital, market (including interest rate, trading, and investment risk), operational (including operations, compliance (including legal), data management, model, technology and systems, information security, business continuity, and third party risk), strategic and reputational. We discuss our principal risk management processes and, in appropriate places, related historical performance and other metrics in the Risk Management section included in Item 7 of this Report.

The following are the key risk factors that affect us. Any one or more of these risk factors could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, in addition to presenting other possible adverse consequences, including those described below. These risk factors and other risks we face are also discussed further in other sections of this Report.

Difficult economic conditions or volatility in the financial markets would likely have an adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations.

As a financial services company, our business and overall financial performance are vulnerable to the impact of poor economic conditions. Poor economic conditions generally result in reduced business activity, which may decrease the demand for our products and services, can impair the ability of borrowers to repay loans, and may lead to turmoil and volatility in financial markets. Such effects would likely have an adverse impact on financial institutions such as PNC, with the significance of the impact generally depending on the severity of the adverse or recessionary economic conditions.

Even when economic conditions are relatively good or stable, specific economic factors can negatively affect the performance of financial institutions. For example, low commodity prices in the energy sector had an impact in 2016, particularly during the early part of the year.

Political factors can also impact our business through changes in customer behavior or in the types of transactions we seek to pursue, in response to economic instability or market volatility or to proposed or adopted changes in governmental policy resulting from events such as changes in control of Congress, the election of a new President or political events outside the United States that impact the U.S. economy or our customers. In the recent past, uncertainty regarding the ability of Congress and the President collectively to reach agreement on federal budgetary, taxing and spending matters has also created the risk of economic instability or market volatility. Proposed changes in law and policy accompanying the new presidential administration create the possibility of significant impacts on business activity in the United States and globally and provide uncertainty pending efforts to enact them. The impact of such political factors can have an adverse effect on our performance together with that of others in the industry.

 

 

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Significant business tax reform is being considered by the new administration and Congress, with a number of proposals having been made. The proposals thus far generally seek to broaden the tax base by eliminating certain deductions and credits in favor of providing lower tax rates for all businesses. It is unknown what specific deductions or credits might be eliminated and it is uncertain the extent corporate tax rates might be reduced. Changes to deductions, credits, and rates could have a material impact on us, either directly or by changing the behavior of our customers.

Given the geographic scope of our business and operations, we are most exposed to problems within the United States economy and financial markets and, within the United States, most exposed to issues in our primary geographic footprint concentrated in the Northeastern, Midwestern and Southeastern United States.

International economic conditions, however, can impact our business and financial performance both directly to the extent of our international business activities and, possibly more significantly, indirectly due to the possibility that poor economic conditions impacting other major economies around the world will have an impact on the United States. For example, a repetition of concerns such as those arising out of the financial crisis of 2007-2009 related to the solvency of several European countries could have an adverse effect on financial markets throughout the world, including those relevant to our business. Currently, the prospect of the United Kingdom’s impending exit from the European Union has led to uncertainty regarding the impact on the United Kingdom’s economy and capital markets as well as that of the remaining countries in the European Union. It is also possible that other countries might seek to exit the European Union in the future. The extent to which these uncertainties will affect the United States economy and capital markets is unclear.

Other risk factors, presented below, address specific ways in which we may be adversely impacted by economic conditions.

Our business and financial results are subject to risks associated with the creditworthiness of our customers and counterparties.

Credit risk is inherent in the financial services business and results from, among other things, extending credit to customers, purchasing securities, and entering into financial derivative transactions and certain guarantee contracts. Credit risk is one of our most significant risks, particularly given the high percentage of our assets represented directly or indirectly by loans and securities and the importance of lending activity to our overall business. We manage credit risk by assessing and monitoring the creditworthiness of our customers and counterparties, by diversifying our loan portfolio and by investing primarily in high quality securities. Many factors impact credit risk.

A borrower’s ability to repay a loan can be adversely affected by several factors, such as business performance, job losses or

health issues. A weak or deteriorating economy and changes in the United States or global markets also could adversely impact the ability of our borrowers to repay outstanding loans. Any decrease in our borrowers’ ability to repay loans would result in higher levels of nonperforming loans, net charge-offs, provision for credit losses and valuation adjustments on loans held for sale.

Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, lending, counterparty, and other relationships. We have exposure to many different industries and counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, including brokers and dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, mutual and hedge funds, and other institutional clients. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty or client.

Despite maintaining a diversified loan and securities portfolio, in the ordinary course of business, we may have concentrated credit exposure to a particular person or entity, industry, region or financial market. Loans secured by commercial and residential real estate represent a significant percentage of our overall credit portfolio as well as of the assets underlying our investment securities. Events adversely affecting specific customers or counterparties, industries, regions or financial markets, including a decline in their creditworthiness or overall risk profile, could adversely affect us.

Our credit risk may be exacerbated when collateral held by us to secure obligations to us cannot be realized upon or is liquidated at prices that are not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or derivative exposure due us.

We reserve for credit losses through our Allowance for loan and lease losses, with changes in the Allowance for loan and lease losses reflected in Net income through Provision for credit losses. An increase in credit risk would likely lead to an increase in Provision for credit losses with a resulting reduction in our Net income and would increase our Allowance for loan and lease losses.

Our business and financial performance is impacted significantly by market interest rates and movements in those rates. The monetary, tax and other policies of governmental agencies, including the Federal Reserve, over which we have no control, have a significant impact on interest rates and overall financial market performance.

As a result of the high percentage of our assets and liabilities that are in the form of interest-bearing or interest-related instruments, changes in interest rates, in the shape of the yield curve, or in spreads between different market interest rates can have a material effect on our business, our profitability and the value of our financial assets and liabilities. For example:

   

Changes in interest rates or interest rate spreads can affect the difference between the interest that we earn on assets and the interest that we pay on liabilities, which impacts our overall net interest income and profitability.

 

 

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Such changes can affect the ability of borrowers to meet obligations under variable or adjustable rate loans and other debt instruments, and can, in turn, affect our loss rates on those assets.

   

Such changes may decrease the demand for interest rate-based products and services, including loans and deposit accounts.

   

Such changes can also affect our ability to hedge various forms of market and interest rate risk and may decrease the effectiveness of those hedges in helping to manage such risks.

   

Movements in interest rates also affect mortgage prepayment speeds and could result in impairments of mortgage servicing assets or otherwise affect the profitability of such assets.

   

Increases in interest rates can lower the price we would receive on fixed-rate customer obligations if we were to sell them.

Governmental monetary, tax and other policies, including those of the Federal Reserve, have a significant impact on interest rates and overall financial market performance. These governmental policies can thus affect the activities and results of operations of banking companies such as PNC. An important function of the Federal Reserve is to regulate the national supply of bank credit and certain interest rates. The actions of the Federal Reserve influence the rates of interest that we charge on loans and that we pay on borrowings and interest-bearing deposits and can also affect the value of our on-balance sheet and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Both due to the impact on rates and by controlling access to direct funding from the Federal Reserve Banks, the Federal Reserve’s policies also significantly influence our cost of funding. We cannot predict the nature or timing of future changes in monetary, tax and other policies or the precise effects that they may have on our activities and financial results. The very low interest rate environment that has prevailed since the financial crisis has had a negative impact on our ability to increase our net interest income. Although the Federal Reserve increased its benchmark interest rate in December 2015 and again in December 2016, ending approximately seven years of near zero rates, and is expected to continue raising rates through 2017, there is no assurance that it will do so. The failure on the part of the Federal Reserve to continue raising rates could affect consumer and business behavior in ways that are adverse to us in addition to continuing to affect our net interest income. Even if the Federal Reserve continues to increase the interest rates it directly influences, there may be a prolonged period before interest rates return to more historically typical levels.

In addition, monetary and fiscal policy actions by governmental and regulatory decision makers in other countries or in the European Union could have an impact on global interest rates, affecting rates in the United States as well as rates on instruments denominated in currencies other than the United States dollar, any of which could have one or

more of the potential effects on us described above. While we have not experienced negative interest rates in the United States, some central banks in Europe and Asia have cut interest rates below zero. It is unclear what the impact of these actions will be. If U.S. interest rates were to fall below zero, it could significantly affect our businesses and results of operation.

Our business and financial performance are vulnerable to the impact of changes in the values of financial assets.

As a financial institution, a substantial majority of our assets and liabilities are financial in nature (items such as loans, securities, servicing rights, deposits and borrowings). Such assets and liabilities will fluctuate in value, often significantly, due to movements in the financial markets or market volatility as well as developments specific to the asset or liability in question. Credit-based assets and liabilities will fluctuate in value due to changes in the perceived creditworthiness of borrowers or other counterparties and also due to changes in market interest rates.

In addition, changes in loan prepayment speeds, usually based on fluctuations in market interest rates, could adversely impact the value of our mortgage servicing rights. Additionally, the underlying value of assets under lease or securing an obligation may decrease due to supply and demand for the asset or the condition of the asset. This could cause our recorded lease value or the value of the secured obligation to decline.

In many cases, we mark our assets and liabilities to market on our financial statements, either through our Net income and Retained earnings or through adjustments to Accumulated other comprehensive income on our balance sheet. We may need to record losses in the value of financial assets even where our expectation of realizing the face value of the underlying instrument has not changed.

In addition, asset management revenue is primarily based on a percentage of the value of the assets being managed and thus is impacted by general changes in market valuations. Thus, although we are not directly impacted by changes in the value of such assets, decreases in the value of those assets would affect related fee income.

Our success depends on our ability to attract and retain customers for our products and services, which may be negatively impacted by a lack of consumer and business economic confidence as well as our actions, including our ability to anticipate and satisfy customer demands for products and services.

As a financial institution, our performance is subject to risks associated with the loss of customer confidence and demand. Economic and market developments may affect consumer and business confidence levels. If customers lose confidence due to a weak or deteriorating economy or uncertainty surrounding

 

 

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the future of the economy, the demand for our products and services could suffer. We may also fail to attract or retain customers if we are unable to develop and market products and services that meet evolving customer needs or demands or if we are unable to deliver them effectively and securely to our customers, particularly to the extent that our competitors are better able to do so.

News or other publicity that impairs our reputation, or the reputation of our industry generally, also could cause a loss of customers. Financial companies are highly vulnerable to reputational damage when they are found to have harmed customers, particularly retail customers, through conduct that is illegal or viewed as unfair, deceptive, manipulative or otherwise wrongful.

If we fail to attract and retain customers, demand for our loans and other financial products and services could decrease and we could experience adverse changes in payment patterns. We could lose interest income from a decline in credit usage and fee income from a decline in product sales, investments and other transactions. Our customers could remove money from checking and savings accounts and other types of deposit accounts in favor of other banks or other types of investment products. Deposits are a low cost source of funds. Therefore, losing deposits could increase our funding costs and reduce our net interest income.

The United States is just starting to emerge from an extended period of very low interest rates. Very low interest rates decrease the attractiveness of alternatives to bank checking and savings accounts, which may lack deposit insurance and some of the convenience associated with more traditional banking products and which may no longer be able to offer much higher interest rates. If interest rates were to rise significantly, customers may be less willing to maintain balances in non-interest bearing or low interest bank accounts, which could result in a relatively higher cost of funds to us. This could also result in a loss of fee income.

In our asset management business, investment performance is an important factor influencing the level of assets that we manage. Poor investment performance could impair revenue and growth as existing clients might withdraw funds in favor of better performing products. Additionally, the ability to attract funds from existing and new clients might diminish. Overall economic conditions may limit the amount that customers are able or willing to invest as well as the value of the assets they do invest. The failure or negative performance of products of other financial institutions could lead to a loss of confidence in similar products offered by us without regard to the performance of our products. Such a negative contagion could lead to withdrawals, redemptions and liquidity issues in such products and have a material adverse impact on our assets under management and asset management revenues and earnings.

As a regulated financial services firm, we are subject to numerous governmental regulations, and the financial services industry as a whole continues to be subject to significant regulatory reform initiatives in the United States and elsewhere.

PNC is a bank holding company (BHC) and a financial holding company and is subject to numerous governmental regulations involving both its business and organization.

Our businesses are subject to regulation by multiple banking, consumer protection, securities and derivatives regulatory bodies. In recent years, we, together with the rest of the financial services industry, have faced intense regulation, with many new regulatory initiatives and vigorous oversight and enforcement on the part of numerous regulatory bodies. Legislatures and regulators have pursued a broad array of initiatives intended to promote the safety and soundness of financial institutions, financial market stability, the transparency and liquidity of financial markets, and consumer and investor protection. As a result, we have experienced significantly increased compliance costs and have needed to adjust our business practices to accommodate new requirements and limitations, impacting some of our revenue opportunities. We expect these effects to continue.

Applicable laws and regulations restrict our ability to repurchase stock or to receive dividends from subsidiaries that operate in the banking and securities businesses and impose capital adequacy requirements. PNC’s ability to service its obligations and pay dividends to shareholders is largely dependent on the receipt of dividends and advances from its subsidiaries, primarily PNC Bank. The Federal Reserve requires a BHC to act as a source of financial and managerial strength for its subsidiary banks. The Federal Reserve could require PNC to commit resources to PNC Bank when doing so is not otherwise in the interests of PNC or its shareholders or creditors.

Applicable laws and regulations also restrict permissible activities and investments and require compliance with provisions designed to protect loan, deposit, brokerage, fiduciary, mutual fund and other customers, and for the protection of customer information, among other things. We are also subject to laws and regulations designed to combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and transactions with persons, companies or foreign governments designated by U.S. authorities.

Although the new presidential administration has indicated an intent to pursue the regulation of the financial services industry differently than was the case under the previous administration, there is significant uncertainty regarding the direction this presidential administration will take and its ability to implement its policies and objectives, as well as the ultimate impact on potential new regulatory initiatives and the enforcement of existing laws and regulations.

 

 

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There are currently pending numerous additional regulatory proposals, and other new initiatives are likely to be pursued in the future. The implementation of new regulatory requirements and limitations could further increase our compliance costs and the risks associated with non-compliance and could affect our ability to pursue or take full advantage of some desirable business opportunities.

A failure to comply, or to have adequate policies and procedures designed to comply, with regulatory requirements could expose us to damages, fines and regulatory penalties and other regulatory actions or consequences, such as limitations on activities otherwise permissible for us or additional requirements for engaging in new activities, and could also injure our reputation with customers and others with whom we do business.

See Supervision and Regulation in Item 1 of this Report for more information concerning the regulation of PNC and recent initiatives to reform financial institution regulation, including some of the matters discussed in this Risk Factor. Note 18 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report also discusses some of the regulation applicable to us.

Current and likely future capital and liquidity standards will result in banks and bank holding companies needing to maintain more and higher quality capital and greater liquidity than has historically been the case.

We are subject to regulatory capital and liquidity requirements established by the Federal Reserve and the OCC, and discuss these requirements and standards in the Supervision and Regulation section included in Item 1 of this Report and the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of Item 7 of this Report.

The regulatory capital requirements applicable to banks and BHCs have undergone, and continue to undergo, significant changes. For example, the final rules adopted by the U.S. banking agencies in July 2013 to implement the new international guidelines for determining regulatory capital established by the Basel Committee known as “Basel III,” as well as to implement certain provisions of Dodd-Frank, fundamentally altered the U.S. regulatory capital requirements for U.S. BHCs and banks. Significant parts of these rules are now effective for us, although as a result of the staggered effective dates of the rules many provisions are being phased-in over a period of years, with the rules generally to be fully phased-in as of January 1, 2019. The Basel Committee, moreover, continues to consider additional, significant changes to the international capital framework for banking organizations, including modifications that would significantly alter the international frameworks governing the market risk capital requirements for trading positions and the standardized risk weighting approach for credit risk, establish a capital floor for banking organizations subject to the advanced approaches

for the risk weighting of assets, modify the framework for operational risk under the advanced approaches, modify the treatment of securitization positions, and seek to enhance the transparency and consistency of capital requirements amongst banks and jurisdictions. It is unclear how these or other initiatives by the Basel Committee may be finalized and implemented in the United States and, thus, we are unable to estimate what potential impact such initiatives may have on us.

The liquidity standards applicable to large U.S. banking organizations also are expected to be supplemented in the coming years. For example, the Basel Committee, in October 2014, released the final framework for the NSFR standard, which is designed to ensure that banking organizations maintain a stable, long-term funding profile in relation to their asset composition and off-balance sheet activities. Under that framework, the NSFR would take effect as a minimum regulatory standard on January 1, 2018. In May 2016, the U.S. banking agencies proposed rules to implement the NSFR but these rules have not yet been finalized. Thus, the potential impact of the rules on us remains unclear.

The need to maintain more and higher quality capital, as well as greater liquidity, going forward than historically has been required could limit our business activities, including lending, and our ability to expand, either organically or through acquisitions. It could also result in us taking steps to increase our capital that may be dilutive to shareholders, being limited in our ability to pay dividends or otherwise return capital to shareholders, or selling or refraining from acquiring assets, for which the capital requirements appear inconsistent with the assets’ underlying risks. In addition, the new liquidity standards require us to maintain holdings of highly liquid short-term investments, thereby reducing our ability to invest in longer-term or less liquid assets even if more desirable from a balance sheet or interest rate risk management perspective. Moreover, although these new requirements are being phased in over time, U.S. federal banking agencies have been taking into account expectations regarding the ability of banks to meet these new requirements, including under stressed conditions, in approving actions that represent uses of capital, such as dividend increases, share repurchases and acquisitions. In addition, PNC, as a BHC that is subject to the advanced approaches for regulatory capital purposes, is subject to a higher LCR requirement than other BHCs that have more than $50 billion in total assets but are not subject to the advanced approaches. Until the scope and terms of pending or future rulemakings relating to capital, liquidity, or liability composition are known, the extent to which such rules may apply to us and the potential impact of such rules on us will remain uncertain.

We operate in a highly competitive environment, in terms of the products and services we offer and the geographic markets in which we conduct business, as well as in our labor markets where we compete for talented employees. Competition could adversely impact our customer

 

 

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acquisition, growth and retention, as well as our credit spreads and product pricing, causing us to lose market share and deposits and revenues.

We are subject to intense competition from various financial institutions as well as from non-bank entities that engage in many similar activities without being subject to bank regulatory supervision and restrictions. This competition is described in Item 1 of this Report under “Competition.” Competition in our industry could intensify as a result of the increasing consolidation of financial services companies, in connection with current industry conditions or otherwise.

In all, the principal bases for competition are pricing (including the interest rates charged on loans or paid on interest-bearing deposits), product structure, the range of products and services offered, and the quality of customer service (including convenience and responsiveness to customer needs and concerns). The ability to access and use technology is an increasingly important competitive factor in the financial services industry, and it is a critically important component to customer satisfaction as it affects our ability to deliver the products and services that customers desire and in a manner that they find convenient and attractive. Banks generally are facing the risk of increased competition from products and services offered by non-bank financial technology companies, particularly related to payment services and lending.

Another increasingly competitive factor in the financial services industry is the competition to attract and retain talented employees across many of our business and support areas. This competition leads to increased expenses in many business areas and can also cause us to not pursue certain business opportunities. Limitations on the manner in which regulated financial institutions can compensate their officers and employees may make it more difficult for regulated financial institutions to compete with unregulated financial institutions for talent.

A failure to adequately address the competitive pressures we face could make it harder for us to attract and retain customers across our businesses. On the other hand, meeting these competitive pressures could require us to incur significant additional expense or to accept risk beyond what we would otherwise view as desirable under the circumstances. In addition, in our interest rate sensitive businesses, pressures to increase rates on deposits or decrease rates on loans could reduce our net interest margin with a resulting negative impact on our net interest income.

We depend on the effectiveness and integrity of our employees, systems and controls to manage operational risks.

We are a large organization that offers a wide variety of products to a broad and diverse group of customers. We are dependent on our employees, systems, and controls to assure that we properly enter into, record and manage processes,

transactions and other relationships with customers, suppliers and other parties with whom we do business, as well as to assure that we identify and mitigate the risks that are inherent in these relationships.

We necessarily rely on our employees or, in some cases, employees of third parties to perform these tasks and manage the resulting risks. As a result, we are vulnerable to human error, misconduct or malfeasance, leading potentially to operational breakdowns or other errors. In addition, when we change processes or procedures or introduce new products or services, we may fail to adequately identify or manage operational risks resulting from such changes. We have taken measures to manage and mitigate this risk, but our controls may not be adequate to prevent problems resulting from human involvement in our business, including risks associated with the design, operation, and monitoring of automated systems.

Errors by our employees or those of third parties, whether accidental, intentional or fraudulent, or other failures of our systems and controls could result in customer remediation costs, regulatory fines or penalties, litigation or enforcement actions, or limitations on our business activities. They also could result in damage to our reputation and to our ability to attract and retain customers, with the reputational impact likely greater to the extent that the mistakes or failures are pervasive, long-standing or affect a significant number of customers, particularly retail consumers.

It is not possible to prevent all errors of these types, particularly to the extent that human activity is involved, and over the last several years, other financial services organizations have been reported to have failed to prevent, identify or respond to a broad range of operational risk matters with resulting consequences to the other organizations of these types described above. Recent examples include unauthorized account openings, assessment of inappropriate fees, and failure to report information timely to the government.

We depend on technology, both internally and through third-parties, to conduct our business and could suffer a material adverse impact from interruptions in the effective operation of, or security breaches affecting, those systems.

As a large financial company, we handle a substantial volume of customer and other financial transactions on a continuous basis. As a result, we rely heavily on information systems to conduct our business and to process, record, and monitor our transactions and those of our customers. Over time, we have increased substantially in size, scope and complexity. We have also seen more customer usage of technological solutions for financial needs and higher expectations of customers and regulators regarding effective and safe systems operation. We expect these trends to continue for the foreseeable future. The need to ensure proper functioning and resiliency of these systems has become more challenging, and the costs involved in that effort are greater than ever.

 

 

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The risks to these systems result from a variety of factors, both internal and external. In some cases, these factors relate to the potential for bad acts on the part of hackers, criminals, foreign governments or their agents, employees and others, and to some extent will be beyond our ability to prevent. In other cases, our systems could fail to operate as needed, including failures to prevent access in an unauthorized manner, due to factors such as design or performance issues, human error, unexpected transaction volumes, or inadequate measures to protect against unauthorized access or transmissions. We are also at risk for the impact of natural or other disasters, terrorism, international hostilities and the like on our systems or for the effect of outages or other failures involving power, communications, or payment, clearing and settlement systems operated by others. In addition, we face a variety of types of cyber attacks, some of which are discussed in more detail below. Cyber attacks often include efforts to disrupt our ability to provide services or to gain access to, or destroy, confidential or proprietary company and customer information.

We rely on other companies for the provision of a broad range of products and services. Many of these products and services include information systems or involve the use of such systems in connection with providing the products or services. In some cases, these other companies provide the infrastructure that supports communications, payment, clearing and settlement systems, or information processing and storage. These other companies are generally subject to many of the same risks we face with respect to our systems. To the extent we rely on these other companies, we could be adversely affected if they are impacted by system failures, cyber attacks or employee misconduct.

All of these types of events, whether resulting from cyber attacks or other internal or external sources, expose customer and other confidential information to security risks. They also could disrupt our ability to use our accounting, deposit, loan and other systems and could cause errors in transactions or system functionality with customers, vendors or other parties.

In addition, our customers often use their own devices, such as computers, smartphones and tablets, to do business with us and may provide their PNC customer information (including passwords) to a third party in connection with obtaining services from the third party. Although we take steps to provide safety and security for our customers’ transactions with us and their customer information to the extent they are utilizing their own devices or providing third parties access to their accounts, our ability to assure such safety and security is necessarily limited.

We are faced with ongoing efforts by others to breach data security at financial institutions or with respect to financial transactions. Some of these involve efforts to enter our systems directly by going through or around our security protections. Others involve the use of schemes such as “phishing” to gain access to identifying customer information, often from customers themselves. Most corporate and commercial

transactions are now handled electronically, and our retail customers increasingly use online access and mobile devices to bank with us. The ability to conduct business with us in this manner depends on the transmission of confidential information, which increases the risk of data security breaches.

In addition, individuals or organizations sometimes flood commercial websites with extraordinarily high volumes of traffic, in what is referred to as a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack, with the goal of disrupting the ability of commercial enterprises to process transactions and possibly making their websites unavailable to customers for extended periods of time. Starting in late 2012, we and other financial services companies were subject to DDoS attacks, although no customer data has been lost or compromised to this point as a result of such attacks against us, and they have not had a material impact on us. More recently, several major DDoS attacks outside of the US financial services industry have demonstrated an evolution in scope and potential impact of such attacks, including coupling them with other types of attacks and enhancing their impact by exploiting vulnerabilities in “Internet of Things” devices. Although we have made improvements in our security posture with respect to such attacks, we cannot provide assurance that future attacks of this type, or attacks of other types, might not have a greater effect on us, particularly given the evolution in the maliciousness and scale of recent attacks.

As our customers regularly use PNC-issued credit and debit cards to pay for transactions with retailers and other businesses, there is the risk of data security breaches at those other businesses covering PNC account information. When our customers use PNC-issued cards to make purchases from those businesses, card account information may be provided to the business. If the business’s systems that process or store card account information are subject to a data security breach, holders of our cards who have made purchases from that business may experience fraud on their card accounts. We may suffer losses associated with reimbursing our customers for such fraudulent transactions on customers’ card accounts, as well as for other costs related to data security compromise events, such as replacing cards associated with compromised card accounts. In addition, we provide card transaction processing services to some merchant customers under agreements we have with payment networks such as Visa and MasterCard. Under these agreements, we may be responsible for certain losses and penalties if one of our merchant customers suffers a data security breach.

Over the last few years, several large companies disclosed that they had suffered substantial data security breaches compromising millions of user accounts and credentials. To date, our losses and costs related to these breaches have not been material, but other similar events in the future could be more significant to us.

There have been other recent publicly announced cyber attacks that were not focused on gaining access to credit card

 

 

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or user credential information but instead sought access to a range of other types of confidential information including internal emails and other forms of customer financial information. Ransomware attacks have sought to deny access to data and possibly shut down systems and devices maintained by target companies. In a ransomware attack, system data is encrypted or access is otherwise denied, accompanied by a demand for ransom to restore access to the data. To date, we have not been impacted financially by these types of attacks, but attacks on others demonstrate the risks to confidential information and systems operations potentially posed by new and evolving types of cyber attacks.

Methods used by others to attack information systems change frequently (with generally increasing sophistication), often are not recognized until launched against a target, may be supported by foreign governments or other well-financed entities, and may originate from less regulated and remote areas around the world. As a result, we may be unable to address these methods in advance of attacks, including by implementing adequate preventive measures.

In addition to threats from people external to us, insider threats represent a significant risk to us. Insiders, having legitimate access to our systems and the information contained in them, have the easiest opportunity to make inappropriate use of the systems and information. Addressing that risk requires understanding not only how to protect us from unauthorized use and disclosure of data, but also how to engage behaviorial analytics to identify potential internal threats before any damage is done.

We have policies, procedures and systems (including business continuity programs) designed to prevent or limit the effect of possible failures, interruptions or breaches in security of information systems. We design our business continuity and other information and technology risk management programs to manage our capabilities to provide services in the case of an event resulting in material disruptions of business activities affecting our employees, facilities, technology or suppliers. We regularly seek to test the effectiveness of and enhance these policies, procedures and systems. Nonetheless, we cannot guarantee the effectiveness of our policies, procedures and systems to protect us in any particular future situation.

Our ability to mitigate the adverse consequences of such occurrences is in part dependent on the quality of our business continuity planning, our ability to understand threats to us from a holistic perspective, and our ability to anticipate the timing and nature of any such event that occurs. The adverse impact of natural and other disasters, terrorist activities, international hostilities and the like could be increased to the extent that there is a lack of preparedness on the part of national or regional governments, including emergency responders, or on the part of other organizations and businesses with which we deal, particularly those on which we depend, some of which we have little or no control over.

In recent years, we have incurred significant expense towards improving the reliability of our systems and their security against external and internal threats. Even with our proactive and defensive measures in place, there remains the risk that one or more adverse events might occur. If one does occur, we might not be able to remediate the event or its consequences timely or adequately, particularly to the extent that it represents a novel or unusual threat. To the extent that the risk relates to products or services provided by others, we seek to engage in due diligence and monitoring to limit the risk, but here, as well, we cannot eliminate it. Should an adverse event affecting another company’s systems occur, we may not have indemnification or other protection from the other company sufficient to compensate us or otherwise protect us from the consequences.

The occurrence of any failure, interruption or security breach of any of our information or communications systems, or the systems of other companies on which we rely, could result in a wide variety of adverse consequences to us. This risk is greater if the issue is widespread or results in financial losses to our customers. Possible adverse consequences include damage to our reputation or a loss of customer business. We also could face litigation or additional regulatory scrutiny. Litigation or regulatory actions in turn could lead to liability or other sanctions, including fines and penalties or reimbursement of customers adversely affected by a systems problem or security breach. Even if we do not suffer any material adverse consequences as a result of events affecting us directly, successful attacks or systems failures at other financial institutions could lead to a general loss of customer confidence in financial institutions, including us. Also, systems problems, including those resulting from third party attacks, whether at PNC or at our competitors, would likely increase regulatory and customer concerns regarding the functioning, safety and security of such systems generally. In that case, we would expect to incur even higher levels of costs with respect to prevention and mitigation of these risks.

We continually encounter technological change and we could falter in our ability to remain competitive in this arena.

The financial services industry is continually undergoing rapid technological change with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. Examples at the present time include expanded use of cloud computing, biometric authentication, data protection enhancements, and increased on-line and remote device interaction with customers. The effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to better serve customers and to reduce costs. We have been investing in technology and connectivity to automate functions previously performed manually, to facilitate the ability of customers to engage in financial transactions, and otherwise to enhance the customer experience with respect to our products and services. On the retail side, this has included developments such as

 

 

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more sophisticated ATMs and expanded access to banking transactions through the internet, smart phones, tablets and other remote devices. These efforts have all been in response to actual and anticipated customer behavior and expectations. Our continued success depends, in part, upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that satisfy customer demands, including demands for faster and more secure payment services, and create efficiencies in our operations. A failure to maintain or enhance our competitive position with respect to technology, whether because we fail to anticipate customer expectations or because our technological developments fail to perform as desired or are not rolled out in a timely manner, may cause us to lose market share or incur additional expense.

There are risks resulting from the extensive use of models in our business.

We rely on quantitative models to measure risks and to estimate certain financial values. Models may be used in such processes as determining the pricing of various products, grading loans and extending credit, measuring interest rate and other market risks, predicting or estimating losses, assessing capital adequacy, and calculating economic and regulatory capital levels, as well as to estimate the value of financial instruments and balance sheet items. Poorly designed or implemented models present the risk that our business decisions based on information incorporating model output will be adversely affected due to the inadequacy of that information. Also, information we provide to the public or to our regulators based on poorly designed or implemented models could be inaccurate or misleading. Some of the decisions that our regulators make, including those related to capital distributions to our shareholders, could be affected adversely due to their perception that the quality of the models used to generate the relevant information is insufficient.

Our asset and liability valuations and the determination of the amount of loss allowances and impairments taken on our assets are highly subjective. Inaccurate estimates could materially impact our results of operations or financial position.

We must use estimates, assumptions, and judgments when assets and liabilities are measured and reported at fair value. Assets and liabilities carried at fair value inherently result in a higher degree of financial statement volatility. Changes in underlying factors or assumptions in any of the areas underlying our estimates could materially impact our future financial condition and results of operations. During periods of market disruption, it may be more difficult to value certain assets if trading becomes less frequent and/or market data becomes less observable. There may be certain asset classes that were historically in active markets with significant observable data that rapidly become illiquid due to market volatility, a loss in market confidence or other factors. Further, rapidly changing and unprecedented market conditions in any

particular market could materially impact the valuation of assets as reported within our consolidated financial statements.

The determination of the amount of loss allowances and asset impairments varies by asset type and is based upon our periodic evaluation and assessment of known and inherent risks associated with the respective asset class. Management updates its evaluations regularly and reflects changes in allowances and impairments in operations as such evaluations are revised. Although we have policies and procedures in place to determine loss allowance and asset impairments, due to the substantial subjective nature of this area, there can be no assurance that our management has accurately assessed the level of impairments taken and allowances reflected in our financial statements. Furthermore, additional impairments may need to be taken or allowances provided for in the future. Historical trends may not be indicative of future impairments or allowances.

Our business and financial results could be impacted materially by adverse results in legal proceedings.

Many aspects of our business involve substantial risk of legal liability. We have been named or threatened to be named as defendants in various lawsuits arising from our business activities (and in some cases from the activities of companies we have acquired). In addition, we are regularly the subject of governmental investigations and other forms of regulatory inquiry. We also are at risk when we have agreed to indemnify others for losses related to legal proceedings, including litigation and governmental investigations and inquiries, they face, such as in connection with the sale of a business or assets by us. Since the financial crisis of 2007-2009, mortgage lending, servicing, sales, securitization and other aspects of the mortgage business have been a significant contributor to our overall legal risk, which may continue going forward, particularly given additional borrower protections provided as part of regulatory initiatives to reform the mortgage industry. The results of these legal proceedings could lead to significant monetary damages or penalties, restrictions on the way in which we conduct our business, or reputational harm.

Although we establish accruals for legal proceedings when information related to the loss contingencies represented by those matters indicates both that a loss is probable and that the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated, we do not have accruals for all legal proceedings where we face a risk of loss. In addition, due to the inherent subjectivity of the assessments and unpredictability of the outcome of legal proceedings, amounts accrued may not represent the ultimate loss to us from the legal proceedings in question. Thus, our ultimate losses may be higher, and possibly significantly so, than the amounts accrued for legal loss contingencies. We discuss further the unpredictability of legal proceedings and describe certain of our pending legal proceedings in Note 19 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

 

 

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We grow our business in part by acquiring other financial services companies or assets from time to time, and these acquisitions present a number of risks and uncertainties related both to the acquisition transactions themselves and to the integration of the acquired businesses into PNC after closing.

Acquisitions of other financial services companies, financial assets and related deposits and other liabilities present risks and uncertainties to us in addition to those presented by the nature of the business acquired.

In general, acquisitions may be substantially more expensive or take longer to complete than anticipated (including unanticipated costs incurred in connection with the integration of the acquired company). Anticipated benefits (including anticipated cost savings and strategic gains, for example resulting from being able to offer product sets to a broader potential customer base) may be significantly harder or take longer to achieve than expected or may not be achieved in their entirety as a result of unexpected factors or events.

Our ability to achieve anticipated results from acquisitions is often dependent also on the extent of credit losses in the acquired loan portfolios and the extent of deposit attrition, which are, in part, related to the state of economic and financial markets.

Also, litigation and governmental investigations that may be pending at the time of the acquisition or be filed or commenced thereafter, as a result of an acquisition or otherwise, could impact the timing or realization of anticipated benefits to us. Note 19 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report describes several legal proceedings related to pre-acquisition activities of companies we have acquired, including National City. Other such legal proceedings may be commenced in the future.

Integration of an acquired company’s business and operations into PNC, including conversion of the acquired company’s different systems and procedures, may take longer than anticipated or be more costly than anticipated or have unanticipated adverse results relating to the acquired company’s or our existing businesses. In some cases, acquisitions involve our entry into new businesses or new geographic or other markets, and these situations also present risks and uncertainties in instances where we may be inexperienced in these new areas.

Our ability to analyze the risks presented by prospective acquisitions, as well as our ability to prepare in advance of closing for integration, depends, in part, on the information we can gather with respect to the target, which is more limited than the information we have regarding companies we already own.

As a regulated financial institution, our ability to pursue or complete attractive acquisition opportunities could be negatively impacted by regulatory delays or other regulatory issues. In addition, our ability to make large acquisitions in the future may be negatively impacted by regulatory rules or future regulatory initiatives designed to limit systemic risk and the potential for a financial institution to become “too big to fail.”

Our business and financial performance could be adversely affected, directly or indirectly, by disasters, natural or otherwise, by terrorist activities or by international hostilities.

Neither the occurrence nor the potential impact of disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods and other severe weather conditions, pandemics, dislocations, fires, explosions, and other catastrophic accidents or events), terrorist activities and international hostilities can be predicted. However, these occurrences could impact us directly (for example, by causing significant damage to our facilities or preventing us from conducting our business in the ordinary course), or indirectly as a result of their impact on our borrowers, depositors, other customers, suppliers or other counterparties. We could also suffer adverse consequences to the extent that disasters, terrorist activities or international hostilities affect the financial markets or the economy in general or in any particular region. These types of impacts could lead, for example, to an increase in delinquencies, bankruptcies or defaults that could result in our experiencing higher levels of nonperforming assets, net charge-offs and provisions for credit losses.

Our ability to mitigate the adverse consequences of such occurrences is in part dependent on the quality of our resiliency planning, and our ability, if any, to anticipate the nature of any such event that occurs. The adverse impact of disasters or terrorist activities or international hostilities also could be increased to the extent that there is a lack of preparedness on the part of national or regional emergency responders or on the part of other organizations and businesses that we deal with, particularly those that we depend upon but have no control over.

ITEM 1B – UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

There are no SEC staff comments regarding PNC’s periodic or current reports under the Exchange Act that are pending resolution.

ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES

Our executive and primary administrative offices are currently located at The Tower at PNC Plaza, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 33-story structure is owned by PNC Bank, National Association.

 

 

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We own or lease numerous other premises for use in conducting business activities, including operations centers, offices, and branch and other facilities. We consider the facilities owned or occupied under lease by our subsidiaries to be adequate for the purposes of our business operations. We include here by reference the additional information regarding our properties in Note 8 Premises, Equipment and Leasehold Improvements in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report.

ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

See the information set forth in Note 19 Legal Proceedings in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report, which is incorporated here by reference.

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

Information regarding each of our executive officers as of February 20, 2017 is set forth below. Executive officers do not have a stated term of office. Each executive officer has held the position or positions indicated or another executive position with the same entity or one of its affiliates for the past five years unless otherwise indicated below.

 

 

Name   Age     Position with PNC   Year
Employed (a)
 

William S. Demchak

    54    

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (b)

    2002  

Orlando C. Esposito

    58    

Executive Vice President and Head of Asset Management Group

    1988  

Michael J. Hannon

    60    

Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer

    1982  

Vicki C. Henn

    48    

Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

    1994  

Gregory B. Jordan

    57    

Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Chief Administrative Officer

    2013  

Stacy M. Juchno

    41    

Executive Vice President and General Auditor

    2009  

Karen L. Larrimer

    54    

Executive Vice President, Chief Customer Officer and Head of Retail Banking

    1995  

Michael P. Lyons

    46    

Executive Vice President and Head of Corporate & Institutional Banking

    2011  

E. William Parsley, III

    51    

Executive Vice President, Treasurer, Chief Investment Officer and Head of Consumer Lending

    2003  

Robert Q. Reilly

    52    

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

    1987  

Joseph E. Rockey

    52    

Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer

    1999  

Steven Van Wyk

    58    

Executive Vice President and Head of Technology and Operations

    2013  

Gregory H. Kozich

    53    

Senior Vice President and Controller

    2010  
(a) Where applicable, refers to year employed by predecessor company.
(b) Mr. Demchak also serves as a director. Biographical information for Mr. Demchak is included in “Election of Directors (Item 1)” in our proxy statement for the 2017 annual meeting of shareholders. See Item 10 of this Report.
 

 

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Orlando C. Esposito was appointed Executive Vice President and head of PNC’s Asset Management Group in April 2013. Prior to being named to his current position, he held numerous leadership positions including Executive Vice President of Corporate Banking from November 2006 to April 2013.

Michael J. Hannon has served as Executive Vice President since February 2009, prior to which he was a Senior Vice President. He has served as Chief Credit Officer since November 2001 and as Interim Chief Risk Officer from December 2011 to February 2012.

Vicki C. Henn has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer of PNC since July 2014. Ms. Henn joined PNC in 1994 and has held numerous management positions. Prior to being named to her current position, Ms. Henn was a Senior Vice President, responsible for Human Resources for Retail Banking.

Gregory B. Jordan joined PNC as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Head of Regulatory and Government Affairs in October 2013. In February 2016, Mr. Jordan was also appointed Chief Administrative Officer. Prior to joining PNC, he served as the Global Managing Partner for the last 13 years of his 29 year tenure at Reed Smith LLP.

Stacy M. Juchno has served as Executive Vice President and General Auditor of PNC since April 2014. Ms. Juchno joined PNC in 2009 and previously served as a Senior Vice President and Finance Governance and Oversight Director.

Karen L. Larrimer was appointed Executive Vice President in May 2013. Ms. Larrimer became head of PNC’s Retail Banking in 2016. She has also served as Chief Customer Officer since April 2014, prior to which she served as Chief Marketing Officer.

Michael P. Lyons has been an Executive Vice President since November 2011 and is head of PNC’s Corporate & Institutional Banking.

E. William Parsley, III has served as Treasurer and Chief Investment Officer since January 2004. He was appointed Executive Vice President in February 2009. In addition to retaining his current roles, Mr. Parsley became head of Consumer Lending in the spring of 2016.

Robert Q. Reilly was appointed Chief Financial Officer in August 2013. He served as the head of PNC’s Asset Management Group from 2005 until April 2013. Previously, he held numerous management roles in both Corporate Banking and Asset Management. He was appointed Executive Vice President in February 2009.

Joseph E. Rockey was appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer in January 2015. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Rockey led enterprise risk management and the Basel office within PNC’s risk management organization. Mr. Rockey joined PNC in 1999.

Steven Van Wyk joined PNC as Head of Technology and Operations in January 2013. From 2007 until joining PNC, Mr. Van Wyk served as Global Chief Operating Officer for ING. He was appointed Executive Vice President of PNC in February 2013.

Gregory H. Kozich has served as Controller of PNC since 2011. He was appointed as Senior Vice President in November 2010.

DIRECTORS OF THE REGISTRANT

The name, age and principal occupation of each of our directors as of February 20, 2017 and the year he or she first became a director is set forth below:

   

Charles E. Bunch, 67, Retired Executive Chairman of PPG Industries, Inc. (coatings, sealants and glass products) (2007)

   

Marjorie Rodgers Cheshire, 48, President and Chief Operating Officer, A&R Development Corp. (real estate development company) (2014)

   

William S. Demchak, 54, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of PNC (2013)

   

Andrew T. Feldstein, 52, Chief Executive Officer and Co-Chief Investment Officer of BlueMountain Capital Management, LLC (asset management firm) (2013)

   

Daniel R. Hesse, 63, Retired President and Chief Executive Officer of Sprint Corporation (telecommunications) (2016)

   

Kay Coles James, 67, President and Founder of The Gloucester Institute (non-profit) (2006)

   

Richard B. Kelson, 70, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, ServCo LLC (strategic sourcing, supply chain management) (2002)

   

Jane G. Pepper, 71, Retired President of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society (non-profit) (1997)

   

Donald J. Shepard, 70, Retired Chairman of the Executive Board and Chief Executive Officer of AEGON N.V. (insurance) (2007)

   

Lorene K. Steffes, 71, Independent Business Advisor (executive, business management and technical expertise) (2000)

   

Dennis F. Strigl, 70, Retired President and Chief Operating Officer of Verizon Communications Inc. (telecommunications) (2001)

   

Michael J. Ward, 66, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of CSX Corporation (railroads, transportation) (2016)

   

Gregory D. Wasson, 58, Retired President and Chief Executive Officer of Walgreens Boots Alliance (pharmacy, health and wellbeing enterprise) (2015)

 

 

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PART II

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

(a) (1) Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is traded under the symbol “PNC.” At the close of business on February 16, 2017, there were 60,763 common shareholders of record.

Holders of PNC common stock are entitled to receive dividends when declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available for this purpose. Our Board of Directors may not pay or set apart dividends on the common stock until dividends for all past dividend periods on any series of outstanding preferred stock and certain outstanding capital securities issued by the parent company have been paid or declared and set apart for payment. The Board of Directors presently intends to continue the policy of paying quarterly cash dividends. The amount of any future dividends will depend on economic and market conditions, our financial condition and operating results, and other factors, including contractual restrictions and applicable government regulations and policies (such as those relating to the ability of bank and non-bank subsidiaries to pay dividends to the parent company and regulatory capital limitations). The amount of our dividend is also currently subject to the results of the supervisory assessment of capital adequacy and capital planning processes undertaken by the Federal Reserve and our primary bank regulators as part of the Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) process as described in the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 of this Report.

The Federal Reserve has the power to prohibit us from paying dividends without its approval. For further information concerning dividend restrictions and other factors that could limit our ability to pay dividends, as well as restrictions on loans, dividends or advances from bank subsidiaries to the parent company, see the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1, Item 1A Risk Factors, the Capital and Liquidity Management portion of the Risk Management section in Item 7, and Note 10 Borrowed Funds, Note 15 Equity and Note 18 Regulatory Matters in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report, which we include here by reference.

We include here by reference additional information relating to PNC common stock under the Common Stock Prices/Dividends Declared section in the Statistical Information (Unaudited) section of Item 8 of this Report.

We include here by reference the information regarding our compensation plans under which PNC equity securities are authorized for issuance as of December 31, 2016 in the table (with introductory paragraph and notes) that appears in Item 12 of this Report.

Our stock transfer agent and registrar is:

Computershare Trust Company, N.A.

250 Royall Street

Canton, MA 02021

800-982-7652

Registered shareholders may contact this phone number regarding dividends and other shareholder services.

We include here by reference the information that appears under the Common Stock Performance Graph caption at the end of this Item 5.

(a)(2) None.
(b) Not applicable.
(c) Details of our repurchases of PNC common stock during the fourth quarter of 2016 are included in the following table:

In thousands, except per share data

 

 

2016 period   Total shares
purchased (a)
    Average
price
paid per
share
    Total shares
purchased as
part of
publicly
announced
programs (b)
    Maximum
number of
shares that
may yet be
purchased
under the
programs (b)
 

October 1 – 31

    2,277      $ 91.15        2,245        61,962   

November 1 – 30

    1,243      $ 103.50        1,243        60,719   

December 1 – 31

    1,449      $ 115.65        1,449        59,270   

Total

    4,969      $ 101.39                   
(a) Includes PNC common stock purchased in connection with our various employee benefit plans generally related to forfeitures of unvested restricted stock awards and shares used to cover employee payroll tax withholding requirements. Note 11 Employee Benefit Plans and Note 12 Stock Based Compensation Plans in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report include additional information regarding our employee benefit and equity compensation plans that use PNC common stock.
(b) On March 11, 2015, we announced that our Board of Directors approved the establishment of a stock repurchase program authorization in the amount of 100 million shares of PNC common stock, effective April 1, 2015. Repurchases are made in open market or privately negotiated transactions and the timing and exact amount of common stock repurchases will depend on a number of factors including, among others, market and general economic conditions, regulatory capital considerations, alternative uses of capital, the potential impact on our credit ratings, and contractual and regulatory limitations, including the results of the supervisory assessment of capital adequacy and capital planning processes undertaken by the Federal Reserve as part of the CCAR process.
     In June 2016, we announced share repurchase programs of up to $2.0 billion for the four quarter period beginning with the third quarter of 2016, including repurchases of up to $200 million related to employee benefit plans. In January 2017, we announced a $300 million increase in our share repurchase programs for this period. In the fourth quarter of 2016, we repurchased 4.9 million shares of common stock on the open market, with an average price of $101.47 per share and an aggregate repurchase price of $.5 billion. See the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section in Item 7 of this Report for more information on the share repurchase programs under the share repurchase authorization for the period July 1, 2016 through June 30, 2017 included in the 2016 capital plan accepted by the Federal Reserve.
 

 

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Common Stock Performance Graph

This graph shows the cumulative total shareholder return (i.e., price change plus reinvestment of dividends) on our common stock during the five-year period ended December 31, 2016, as compared with: (1) a selected peer group as set forth below and referred to as the “Peer Group;” (2) an overall stock market index, the S&P 500 Index; and (3) a published industry index, the S&P 500 Banks. The yearly points marked on the horizontal axis of the graph correspond to December 31 of that year. The stock performance graph assumes that $100 was invested on January 1, 2012 for the five-year period and that any dividends were reinvested. The table below the graph shows the resultant compound annual growth rate for the performance period.

 

 

LOGO

 

    Base
Period
   

Assumes $100 investment at Close of
Market on December 31, 2011

Total Return = Price change plus

reinvestment of dividends

    5-Year
Compound
Growth
Rate
 
    

Dec.

2011

   

Dec.

2012

   

Dec.

2013

   

Dec.

2014

   

Dec.

2015

   

Dec.

2016

        

PNC

  $ 100     $ 103.67     $ 141.45     $ 170.20     $ 181.78     $ 228.65       17.99

S&P 500 Index

  $ 100     $ 115.98     $ 153.51     $ 174.47     $ 176.88     $ 197.98       14.64

S&P 500 Banks

  $ 100     $ 124.06     $ 168.34     $ 194.41     $ 196.06     $ 243.57       19.49

Peer Group

  $ 100     $ 130.30     $ 178.02     $ 196.96     $ 183.89     $ 236.81       18.82

The Peer Group for the preceding chart and table consists of the following companies: BB&T Corporation; Fifth Third Bancorp; KeyCorp; The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.; SunTrust Banks, Inc.; U.S. Bancorp; Regions Financial Corporation; Wells Fargo & Company; Capital One Financial Corporation; Bank of America Corporation; M&T Bank Corporation; and JPMorgan Chase & Co. This Peer Group was approved for 2016 by the Board of Directors’s Personnel and Compensation Committee. Such Committee has approved the same peer group for 2017.

Each yearly point for the Peer Group is determined by calculating the cumulative total shareholder return for each company in the Peer Group from December 31, 2011 to December 31 of that year (End of Month Dividend Reinvestment Assumed) and then using the median of these returns as the yearly plot point.

In accordance with the rules of the SEC, this section, captioned “Common Stock Performance Graph,” shall not be incorporated by reference into any of our future filings made under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or the Securities Act of 1933. The Common Stock Performance Graph, including its accompanying table and footnotes, is not deemed to be soliciting material or to be filed under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act.

 

 

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ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

    Year ended December 31  
Dollars in millions, except per share data   2016             2015     2014     2013     2012  
SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS               

Interest income

  $ 9,652         $ 9,323      $ 9,431      $ 10,007      $ 10,734   

Interest expense

    1,261           1,045        906        860        1,094   

Net interest income

    8,391           8,278        8,525        9,147        9,640   

Noninterest income

    6,771           6,947        6,850        6,865        5,872   

Total revenue

    15,162           15,225        15,375        16,012        15,512   

Provision for credit losses

    433           255        273        643        987   

Noninterest expense

    9,476           9,463        9,488        9,681        10,486   

Income before income taxes and noncontrolling interests

    5,253           5,507        5,614        5,688        4,039   

Income taxes

    1,268           1,364        1,407        1,476        1,045   

Net income

    3,985           4,143        4,207        4,212        2,994   

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

    82           37        23        11        (7

Preferred stock dividends

    209           220        232        237        177   

Preferred stock discount accretion and redemptions

    6           5        5        12        4   

Net income attributable to common shareholders

  $ 3,688         $ 3,881      $ 3,947      $ 3,952      $ 2,820   

PER COMMON SHARE

              

Basic earnings

  $ 7.42         $ 7.52      $ 7.44      $ 7.45      $ 5.33   

Diluted earnings

  $ 7.30         $ 7.39      $ 7.30      $ 7.36      $ 5.28   

Book value

  $ 85.94         $ 81.84      $ 77.61      $ 72.07      $ 66.95   

Cash dividends declared

  $ 2.12               $ 2.01      $ 1.88      $ 1.72      $ 1.55   

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation, which we believe is more meaningful to readers of our consolidated financial statements.

This Selected Financial Data should be reviewed in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes included in Item 8 of this Report as well as the other disclosure in this Report concerning our historical financial performance, our future prospects and the risks associated with our business and financial performance.

 

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     At or for the year ended December 31  
Dollars in millions, except as noted    2016             2015     2014     2013     2012  

BALANCE SHEET HIGHLIGHTS

                

Assets

   $ 366,380         $ 358,493     $ 345,072     $ 320,192     $ 305,029  

Loans (a)

   $ 210,833         $ 206,696     $ 204,817     $ 195,613     $ 185,856  

Allowance for loan and lease losses

   $ 2,589         $ 2,727     $ 3,331     $ 3,609     $ 4,036  

Interest-earning deposits with banks (b)

   $ 25,711         $ 30,546     $ 31,779     $ 12,135     $ 3,984  

Investment securities

   $ 75,947         $ 70,528     $ 55,823     $ 60,294     $ 61,406  

Loans held for sale (a)

   $ 2,504         $ 1,540     $ 2,262     $ 2,255     $ 3,693  

Equity investments (c)

   $ 10,728         $ 10,587     $ 10,728     $ 10,560     $ 10,799  

Mortgage servicing rights

   $ 1,758         $ 1,589     $ 1,351     $ 1,636     $ 1,071  

Goodwill

   $ 9,103         $ 9,103     $ 9,103     $ 9,074     $ 9,072  

Other assets (a)

   $ 27,506         $ 26,566     $ 28,180     $ 28,191     $ 27,964  

Noninterest-bearing deposits

   $ 80,230         $ 79,435     $ 73,479     $ 70,306     $ 69,980  

Interest-bearing deposits

   $ 176,934         $ 169,567     $ 158,755     $ 150,625     $ 143,162  

Total deposits

   $ 257,164         $ 249,002     $ 232,234     $ 220,931     $ 213,142  

Borrowed funds (a) (d)

   $ 52,706         $ 54,532     $ 56,768     $ 46,105     $ 40,907  

Total shareholders’ equity

   $ 45,699         $ 44,710     $ 44,551     $ 42,334     $ 38,948  

Common shareholders’ equity

   $ 41,723         $ 41,258     $ 40,605     $ 38,392     $ 35,358  

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (265       $ 130     $ 503     $ 436     $ 834  

CLIENT INVESTMENT ASSETS (billions)

                

Discretionary client assets under management

   $ 137         $ 134     $ 135     $ 127     $ 112  

Nondiscretionary client assets under administration

     129           125       128       120       112  

Total client assets under administration (e)

     266           259       263       247       224  

Brokerage account client assets

     44           43       43       41       38  

Total

   $ 310         $ 302     $ 306     $ 288     $ 262  

SELECTED RATIOS

                

Net interest margin (f)

     2.73         2.74     3.08     3.57     3.94

Noninterest income to total revenue

     45         46     45     43     38

Efficiency

     62         62     62     60     68

Return on

                

Average common shareholders’ equity

     8.85         9.50     9.91     10.85     8.29

Average assets

     1.10         1.17     1.28     1.38     1.02

Loans to deposits

     82         83     88     89     87

Dividend payout

     29.0         27.0     25.3     23.1     29.1

Transitional Basel III common equity Tier 1 capital ratio (g) (h) (i)

     10.6         10.6     10.9     N/A       N/A  

Transitional Basel III Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (g) (h) (i)

     12.0         12.0     12.6     N/A       N/A  

Pro forma fully phased-in Basel III common equity Tier 1 capital ratio
(Non-GAAP) (h) (i) (j)

     10.0         10.0     10.0     9.4     7.5

Basel I Tier 1 common capital ratio (i)

     N/A           N/A       N/A       10.5     9.6

Basel I Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (i)

     N/A           N/A       N/A       12.4     11.6

Common shareholders’ equity to total assets

     11.4         11.5     11.8     12.0     11.6

Average common shareholders’ equity to average assets

     11.5         11.5     12.1     11.9     11.5

SELECTED STATISTICS

                

Employees

     52,006           52,513       53,587       54,433       56,285  

Retail Banking branches

     2,520           2,616       2,697       2,714       2,881  

ATMs

     9,024           8,956       8,605       7,445       7,282  

Residential mortgage servicing portfolio – Serviced for Third Parties (in billions)

   $ 125         $ 123     $ 108     $ 114     $ 119  

Commercial loan servicing portfolio – Serviced for PNC and Others (in billions)

   $ 487               $ 447     $ 377     $ 347     $ 322  
(a) Includes assets and liabilities for which we have elected the fair value option. See Consolidated Balance Sheet in Item 8 of this Report for additional information.
(b) Includes balances held with the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland of $25.1 billion, $30.0 billion, $31.4 billion, $11.7 billion and $3.5 billion as of December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
(c) Includes our equity interest in BlackRock.
(d) Includes long-term borrowings of $38.3 billion, $43.6 billion, $41.5 billion, $27.6 billion and $19.3 billion for 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Borrowings which mature more than one year after December 31, 2016 are considered to be long-term.
(e) As a result of certain investment advisory services performed by one of our registered investment advisors, certain assets are reported as both discretionary client assets under management and nondiscretionary client assets under administration. The amount of such assets was approximately $9 billion, $6 billion, $5 billion, $4 billion and $4 billion at December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
(f) Calculated as taxable-equivalent net interest income divided by average earning assets. The interest income earned on certain earning assets is completely or partially exempt from federal income tax. As such, these tax-exempt instruments typically yield lower returns than taxable investments. To provide more meaningful comparisons of net interest margins, we use net interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis in calculating net interest margin by increasing the interest income earned on tax-exempt assets to make it fully equivalent to interest income earned on taxable investments. This adjustment is not permitted under GAAP on the Consolidated Income Statement. The taxable-equivalent adjustments to net interest income for the years 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012 were $.2 billion, $.2 billion, $.2 billion, $.2 billion and $.1 billion, respectively. For additional information, see Statistical Information (unaudited) in Item 8 of this Report.
(g) Calculated using the regulatory capital methodology applicable to us during 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
(h) See capital ratios discussion in the Supervision and Regulation section of Item 1 and in the Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section in Item 7 of this Report for additional discussion on these capital ratios.
(i) See additional information on the pro forma ratios, the 2015 Transitional Basel III ratio and Basel I ratios in the Statistical Information (Unaudited) section in Item 8 of this Report.
(j) Pro forma ratios as of December 31, 2016, December 31, 2015, December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were calculated under the standardized approach and the pro forma ratio as of December 31, 2012 was calculated under the advanced approaches. The 2012 and 2013 ratios have not been updated to reflect the first quarter 2014 adoption of ASU 2014-01 related to investments in low income housing tax credits.

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    31


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ITEM 7 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (MD&A)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Key Strategic Goals

At PNC we manage our company for the long term. We are focused on the fundamentals of growing customers, loans, deposits and revenue and improving profitability, while investing for the future and managing risk, expenses and capital. We continue to invest in our products, markets and brand, and embrace our commitments to our customers, shareholders, employees and the communities where we do business.

We strive to expand and deepen customer relationships by offering a broad range of deposit, fee-based and credit products and services. We are focused on delivering those products and services to our customers with the goal of addressing their financial objectives and putting customers’ needs first. Our business model is built on customer loyalty and engagement, understanding our customers’ financial goals and offering our diverse products and services to help them achieve financial wellbeing. Our approach is concentrated on organically growing and deepening client relationships across our lines of business that meet our risk/return measures.

Our strategic priorities are designed to enhance value over the long term. One of our priorities is to build a leading banking franchise in our underpenetrated geographic markets. We are focused on reinventing the retail banking experience by transforming the retail distribution network and the home lending process for a better customer experience and improved efficiency, and growing our consumer loan portfolio. In addition, we are seeking to attract more of the investable assets of new and existing clients and we continue to focus on expense management while investing in technology to bolster critical business infrastructure and streamline core processes.

Our capital priorities are to support client growth and business investment, maintain appropriate capital in light of economic conditions and the Basel III framework and return excess capital to shareholders, in accordance with the currently effective capital plan included in our Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) submission to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve). For more detail, see the Capital Highlights portion of this Executive Summary and the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 and the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 Business of this Report.

Key Factors Affecting Financial Performance

We face a variety of risks that may impact various aspects of our risk profile from time to time. The extent of such impacts may vary depending on factors such as the current economic, political and regulatory environment, merger and acquisition activity and operational challenges. Many of these risks and our risk management strategies are described in more detail elsewhere in this Report.

Our financial performance is substantially affected by a number of external factors outside of our control, including the following:

   

Domestic and global economic conditions, including the continuity, speed and stamina of the current U.S. economic expansion in general and its impact on our customers in particular;

   

The monetary policy actions and statements of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC);

   

The level of, and direction, timing and magnitude of movement in, interest rates and the shape of the interest rate yield curve;

   

The functioning and other performance of, and availability of liquidity in, the capital and other financial markets;

   

Changes in the competitive and regulatory landscape and in counterparty creditworthiness and performance;

   

The impact of legislative, regulatory and administrative initiatives and actions, including the form and timing of any further implementation, or changes to, certain reforms enacted by the Dodd-Frank legislation;

   

The impact of market credit spreads on asset valuations;

   

Asset quality and the ability of customers, counterparties and issuers to perform in accordance with contractual terms;

   

Loan demand, utilization of credit commitments and standby letters of credit; and

   

Customer demand for non-loan products and services.

In addition, our success will depend upon, among other things:

   

Effectively managing capital and liquidity including:

   

Continuing to maintain and grow our deposit base as a low-cost stable funding source;

   

Prudent liquidity and capital management to meet evolving regulatory capital, capital planning, stress testing and liquidity standards; and

   

Actions we take within the capital and other financial markets.

   

Managing credit risk in our portfolio;

   

Execution of our strategic priorities;

 

 

32    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


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Our ability to manage and implement strategic business objectives within the changing regulatory environment;

   

The impact of legal and regulatory-related contingencies; and

   

The appropriateness of reserves needed for critical accounting estimates and related contingencies.

For additional information, see the Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information section in this Item 7 and Item 1A Risk Factors in this Report.

Income Statement Highlights

Net income for 2016 was $4.0 billion, or $7.30 per diluted common share, a decrease of 4% compared to $4.1 billion, or $7.39 per diluted common share, for 2015.

   

Total revenue decreased $63 million to $15.2 billion.

   

Net interest income increased $113 million, or 1%, to $8.4 billion.

   

Net interest margin declined slightly to 2.73% for 2016 compared to 2.74% for 2015.

   

Noninterest income decreased $176 million, or 3%, to $6.8 billion as growth in fee income was more than offset by a decline in other noninterest income. Noninterest income as a percentage of total revenue was 45% for 2016 and 46% for 2015.

   

Provision for credit losses increased to $433 million in 2016 compared to $255 million for 2015.

   

Noninterest expense of $9.5 billion was essentially stable as we continued to focus on disciplined expense management.

For additional detail, please see the Consolidated Income Statement Review section of this Item 7.

Balance Sheet Highlights

Our balance sheet was strong and well positioned at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

   

Total loans increased $4.1 billion, or 2%, to $210.8 billion.

   

Total commercial lending grew $4.4 billion, or 3%.

   

Total consumer lending decreased $.3 billion.

   

Total deposits increased $8.2 billion, or 3%, to $257.2 billion.

   

Investment securities increased $5.4 billion, or 8%, to $75.9 billion.

For additional detail, see the Consolidated Balance Sheet Review section of this Item 7.

Credit Quality Highlights

Overall credit quality remained relatively stable in 2016 compared to 2015.

   

Nonperforming assets decreased $51 million, or 2%, to $2.4 billion at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015.

   

Overall loan delinquencies of $1.6 billion at December 31, 2016 decreased $64 million, or 4%, compared with December 31, 2015.

   

Net charge-offs of $543 million in 2016 increased compared to net charge-offs of $386 million for 2015.

For additional detail, see the Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7.

Capital Highlights

We maintained a strong capital position and continued to return capital to shareholders.

   

The Transitional Basel III common equity Tier 1 capital ratio was 10.6% at both December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

   

Pro forma fully phased-in Basel III common equity Tier 1 capital ratio, a non-GAAP financial measure, remained stable at an estimated 10.0% at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 based on the standardized approach rules.

   

For the full year 2016, we returned $3.1 billion of capital to shareholders through repurchases of 22.8 million common shares for $2.0 billion and dividends on common shares of $1.1 billion, which included an increase of 4 cents in our cash dividend on common stock to 55 cents per share in August 2016.

See the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 for more detail on our 2016 capital and liquidity actions as well as our capital ratios.

Our ability to take certain capital actions, including plans to pay or increase common stock dividends or to repurchase shares under current or future programs, is subject to the results of the supervisory assessment of capital adequacy undertaken by the Federal Reserve as part of the CCAR process. For additional information, see the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 Business of this Report.

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    33


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Business Outlook

Statements regarding our business outlook are forward-looking within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Our forward-looking statements are subject to the risk that economic and financial market conditions will be substantially different than those we are currently expecting and do not take into account potential legal and regulatory contingencies. These statements are based on our current view that the U.S. economy and the labor market will grow moderately in 2017, boosted by stable oil/energy prices, improving consumer spending and housing activity, and expanded federal fiscal policy stimulus as a result of the 2016 elections. Short-term interest rates and bond yields are expected to continue rising in 2017, along with inflation. Specifically, our business outlook reflects our expectation of two 25 basis point increases in short-term interest rates by the Federal Reserve in June and December of 2017. See the Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information section in this Item 7 and Item 1A Risk Factors in this Report for other factors that could cause future events to differ, perhaps materially, from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

For the full year 2017 compared to full year 2016, we expect:

   

Loan growth to be up mid-single digits, on a percentage basis;

   

Revenue to increase mid-single digits, on a percentage basis;

   

Purchase accounting accretion to decline $75 million;

   

Noninterest expense to increase by low single digits, on a percentage basis; and

   

The effective tax rate to be approximately 25% to 26%, absent any tax reform.

In 2017, we expect quarterly other noninterest income to be between $250 million to $275 million, excluding debt securities gains and net Visa activity.

For the first quarter of 2017 compared to the fourth quarter of 2016, we expect:

   

Modest loan growth;

   

Stable net interest income;

   

Fee income to decrease by mid-single digits, on a percentage basis, mainly attributable to seasonality and lower first quarter client activity. Fee income consists of asset management, consumer services, corporate services, residential mortgage and service charges on deposits;

   

Provision for credit losses to be between $75 million and $125 million; and

   

Noninterest expense to decrease by low single digits, on a percentage basis.

 

 

34    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


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CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT REVIEW

Our Consolidated Income Statement is presented in Item 8 of this Report.

Net income for 2016 was $4.0 billion, or $7.30 per diluted common share, a decrease of 4% compared with $4.1 billion, or $7.39 per diluted common share, for 2015. The decrease was driven by higher provision for credit losses and a 3% decline in noninterest income, partially offset by 1% increase in net interest income.

Net Interest Income

Table 1: Summarized Average Balances and Net Interest Income (a)

 

     2016     2015  

Year Ended December 31

Dollars in millions

   Average
Balances
     Average
Yields/
Rates
     Interest
Income/
Expense
    Average
Balances
     Average
Yields/
Rates
    Interest
Income/
Expense
 

Assets

                 

Interest-earning assets

                 

Investment securities

   $ 72,046        2.62    $ 1,889     $ 61,665        2.83   $ 1,744  

Loans

     208,817        3.61      7,543       205,349        3.57     7,333  

Interest-earning deposits with banks

     26,328        .52      136       32,908        .26     86  

Other

     7,843        3.56      279       8,903        4.00     356  

Total interest-earning assets/interest income

   $ 315,034        3.13      9,847     $ 308,825        3.08     9,519  

Liabilities

                 

Interest-bearing liabilities

                 

Interest-bearing deposits

   $ 172,764        .25      430     $ 163,965        .25     403  

Borrowed funds

     52,939        1.57      831       56,513        1.14     642  

Total interest-bearing liabilities/interest expense

   $ 225,703        .56      1,261     $ 220,478        .47     1,045  

Net interest income/margin (Non-GAAP)

        2.73      8,586          2.74     8,474  

Taxable-equivalent adjustments

           (195          (196

Net interest income (GAAP)

                     $ 8,391                      $ 8,278  
(a) Interest income calculated as taxable-equivalent interest income. The interest income earned on certain earning assets is completely or partially exempt from federal income tax. To provide more meaningful comparisons of interest income and yields for all interest-earning assets, as well as net interest margins, we use interest income on a taxable-equivalent basis in calculating average yields and net interest margins by increasing the interest income earned on tax-exempt assets to make it fully equivalent to interest income earned on taxable investments. This adjustment is not permitted under GAAP on the Consolidated Income Statement. For more information, see the Statistical Information (Unaudited) section in Item 8 of this Report.

 

Changes in net interest income and margin result from the interaction of the volume and composition of interest-earning assets and related yields, interest-bearing liabilities and related rates paid, and noninterest-bearing sources of funding. See the Statistical Information (Unaudited) – Average Consolidated Balance Sheet And Net Interest Analysis and Analysis Of Year-To-Year Changes In Net Interest Income in Item 8 of this Report.

Net interest income increased $113 million, or 1%, in 2016 compared with 2015 due to increases in loan and securities balances and higher loan yields, partially offset by an increase in borrowing costs and lower securities yields.

Average investment securities increased due to higher average agency residential mortgage-backed securities and U.S. Treasury and government agency securities, partially offset by a decrease in average non-agency residential mortgage-backed securities.

Total investment securities increased to 23% of average interest- earning assets in 2016 compared to 20% in 2015.

The increase in average loans was driven by growth in average commercial real estate loans of $3.6 billion and average commercial loans of $2.2 billion, partially offset by a decrease in consumer loans of $2.6 billion. The decline in consumer loans was primarily attributable to declines in the nonstrategic consumer and government guaranteed education loan portfolios. Loans represented 66% of average interest-earning assets in 2016 and 2015.

Average interest-bearing deposits increased $8.8 billion primarily due to higher average savings deposits, which largely reflected a shift from money market deposits to relationship-based savings products, as well as higher average interest-bearing demand deposits. Average interest-bearing deposits increased to 77% of average interest-bearing liabilities in 2016 compared to 74% in 2015.

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    35


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Noninterest Income

Table 2: Noninterest Income

 

Year ended December 31                    Change  
Dollars in millions    2016      2015      $     %  

Noninterest income

            

Asset management

   $ 1,521       $ 1,567       $ (46     (3 )% 

Consumer services

     1,388         1,335         53        4

Corporate services

     1,504         1,491         13        1

Residential mortgage

     567         566         1          

Service charges on deposits

     667         651         16        2

Other

     1,124         1,337         (213     (16 )% 

Total noninterest income

   $ 6,771       $ 6,947       $ (176     (3 )% 

Noninterest income as a percentage of total revenue was 45% for 2016 and 46% for 2015.

Asset management revenue decreased mainly due to lower earnings from BlackRock and the impact from a $30 million trust settlement in 2015 in our asset management business segment. Discretionary client assets under management in the Asset Management Group were $137 billion at December 31, 2016 compared with $134 billion at December 31, 2015.

Consumer service fees increased primarily from growth in payment-related products including debit card and credit card, as well as higher brokerage fees.

Corporate service fees increased reflecting higher treasury management fees and a higher benefit from commercial mortgage servicing rights valuation, net of economic hedge, partially offset by lower merger and acquisition advisory fees.

Other noninterest income decreased primarily attributable to the impact of lower net gains on sales of Visa Class B common shares and lower revenue from private equity investments. Net gains on the sale of Visa shares for 2016 were $32 million compared with $166 million in 2015. Net gains on Visa sales include derivative fair value adjustments related to swap agreements with purchasers of Visa shares in connection with all prior sales to date.

Other noninterest income typically fluctuates from period to period depending on the nature and magnitude of transactions completed. Further details regarding our customer-related trading activities are included in the Market Risk Management – Customer-Related Trading Risk portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7. Further details regarding private and other equity investments are included in the Market Risk Management – Equity and Other Investment Risk section, and further details regarding gains or losses related to our equity investment in BlackRock are included in the Business Segments Review section of this Item 7.

Provision for Credit Losses

The provision for credit losses increased to $433 million in 2016 compared with $255 million in 2015, primarily attributable to a higher provision for energy related loans in the oil, gas, and coal sectors. Additionally, overall credit portfolio performance and loan growth contributed to the higher provision.

The Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 includes additional information regarding factors impacting the provision for credit losses.

Noninterest Expense

Table 3: Noninterest Expense

 

Year ended December 31                    Change  
Dollars in millions    2016      2015      $     %  

Noninterest expense

            

Personnel

   $ 4,841       $ 4,831       $ 10          

Occupancy

     861         842         19        2

Equipment

     974         925         49        5

Marketing

     247         249         (2     (1 )% 

Other

     2,553         2,616         (63     (2 )% 

Total noninterest expense

   $ 9,476       $ 9,463       $ 13          

Noninterest expense increased slightly in the comparison to the prior year as we continued to focus on disciplined expense management. The increase reflected higher 2016 contributions to the PNC Foundation, a new FDIC deposit insurance surcharge and investments in technology and business infrastructure mostly offset by net lower contingency accruals.

During 2016, we completed actions and achieved our 2016 continuous improvement program savings goal of $400 million, which largely funded our investments in technology and business infrastructure. In 2017, we have a goal of $350 million in cost savings through our continuous improvement program, which we expect will substantially fund our 2017 business and technology investments.

Effective Income Tax Rate

The effective income tax rate was 24.1% for 2016 compared with 24.8% for 2015. The effective tax rate is generally lower than the statutory rate primarily due to tax credits we receive from our investments in low income housing and new markets investments, as well as earnings in other tax exempt investments. The decline in the comparison reflected the tax favorability of the 2016 PNC Foundation contributions.

 

 

36    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET REVIEW

Table 4: Summarized Balance Sheet Data

 

    

December 31

2016

   

December 31

2015

     Change  
Dollars in millions         $     %  

Assets

                                 

Interest-earning deposits with banks

   $ 25,711      $ 30,546       $ (4,835     (16 )% 

Loans held for sale

     2,504        1,540         964        63

Investment securities

     75,947        70,528         5,419        8

Loans

     210,833        206,696         4,137        2

Allowance for loan and lease losses

     (2,589     (2,727      138        5

Mortgage servicing rights

     1,758        1,589         169        11

Goodwill

     9,103        9,103                  

Other, net

     43,113        41,218         1,895        5

Total assets

   $ 366,380      $ 358,493       $ 7,887        2

Liabilities

           

Deposits

   $ 257,164      $ 249,002       $ 8,162        3

Borrowed funds

     52,706        54,532         (1,826     (3 )% 

Other

     9,656        8,979         677        8

Total liabilities

     319,526        312,513         7,013        2

Equity

           

Total shareholders’ equity

     45,699        44,710         989        2

Noncontrolling interests

     1,155        1,270         (115     (9 )% 

Total equity

     46,854        45,980         874        2

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 366,380      $ 358,493       $ 7,887        2

The summarized balance sheet data in Table 4 is based upon our Consolidated Balance Sheet in Item 8 of this Report.

Our balance sheet reflected asset growth compared to December 31, 2015 and we maintained strong liquidity and capital positions at December 31, 2016.

   

Total assets increased primarily due to higher investment securities and loan balances, partially offset by lower interest-earning deposits with banks.

   

Higher total liabilities were driven by deposit growth.

   

The increase to total equity reflected increased retained earnings driven by net income, partially offset by share repurchases.

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    37


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The following discussion provides additional information about the major components of our balance sheet. Information regarding our capital and regulatory compliance is included in the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 and in Note 18 Regulatory Matters in our Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Report.

Loans

Table 5: Details of Loans

 

     December 31      December 31      Change  
Dollars in millions    2016      2015      $     %  

Commercial lending

            

Commercial

            

Manufacturing

   $ 18,891      $ 19,014      $ (123     (1 )% 

Retail/wholesale trade

     16,752        16,661        91       1

Service providers

     14,707        13,970        737       5

Real estate related (a)

     11,920        11,659        261       2

Health care

     9,491        9,210        281       3

Financial services

     7,241        7,234        7        

Other industries

     22,362        20,860        1,502       7

Total commercial

     101,364        98,608        2,756       3

Commercial real estate

     29,010        27,468        1,542       6

Equipment lease financing

     7,581        7,468        113       2

Total commercial lending

     137,955        133,544        4,411       3

Consumer lending

            

Home equity

     29,949        32,133        (2,184     (7 )% 

Residential real estate

     15,598        14,411        1,187       8

Credit card

     5,282        4,862        420       9

Other consumer

            

Automobile

     12,380        11,157        1,223       11

Education

     5,159        5,881        (722     (12 )% 

Other

     4,510        4,708        (198     (4 )% 

Total consumer lending

     72,878        73,152        (274      

Total loans

   $ 210,833      $ 206,696      $ 4,137       2
(a) Includes loans to customers in the real estate and construction industries.

Loan growth was the result of an increase in total commercial lending from higher commercial and commercial real estate loans. Consumer lending declined due to lower home equity and education loans, partially offset by higher automobile loans, residential real estate loans and credit cards.

See the Credit Risk Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 and Note 1 Accounting Policies, Note 3 Asset Quality and Note 4 Allowances for Loan and Lease Losses in our Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Report for additional information regarding our loan portfolio.

 

38    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


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Investment Securities

Table 6: Investment Securities

 

     December 31, 2016      December 31, 2015     

Ratings (a)

As of December 31, 2016

 
Dollars in millions    Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     Amortized
Cost
     Fair
Value
     AAA/
AA
    A     BBB     BB
and
Lower
    No
Rating
 

U.S. Treasury and government agencies

   $ 13,627       $ 13,714       $ 10,022       $ 10,172         100          

Agency residential mortgage-backed

     37,319         37,109         34,250         34,408         100             

Non-agency residential mortgage-backed

     3,382         3,564         4,225         4,392         11          4     76     9

Agency commercial mortgage-backed

     3,053         3,046         3,045         3,086         100             

Non-agency commercial mortgage-backed (b)

     4,590         4,602         5,624         5,630         82        6     2        1        9   

Asset-backed (c)

     6,496         6,524         6,134         6,130         84        5        3        7        1   

Other debt (d)

     6,679         6,810         6,147         6,355         73        16        7        1        3   

Corporate stock and other

     603         601         590         589                                         100   

Total investment securities (e)

   $ 75,749       $ 75,970       $ 70,037       $ 70,762         91     2     1     4     2
(a) Ratings percentages allocated based on amortized cost.
(b) Collateralized primarily by retail properties, office buildings, lodging properties and multi-family housing.
(c) Collateralized primarily by corporate debt, government guaranteed education loans and other consumer credit products.
(d) Includes state and municipal securities.
(e) Includes available for sale and held to maturity securities.

 

Investment securities increased $5.4 billion at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015. Growth in investment securities was driven by net purchases of U.S. Treasury and government agencies and agency residential mortgage-backed securities, partially offset by prepayments of non-agency commercial mortgage-backed and non-agency residential mortgage-backed securities.

Table 6 presents the distribution of our investment securities portfolio by credit rating. We have included credit ratings information because we believe that the information is an indicator of the degree of credit risk to which we are exposed, which could affect our risk-weighted assets and, therefore, our risk-based regulatory capital ratios under the regulatory capital rules. Changes in credit ratings classifications could indicate increased or decreased credit risk and could be accompanied by a reduction or increase in the fair value of our investment securities portfolio.

At least quarterly, we conduct a comprehensive security-level impairment assessment on all securities. If economic conditions, including home prices, were to deteriorate from current levels, and if market volatility and liquidity were to deteriorate from current levels, or if market interest rates were to increase or credit spreads were to widen appreciably, the valuation of our investment securities portfolio would likely be adversely affected and we could incur additional OTTI credit losses that would impact our Consolidated Income Statement.

The duration of investment securities was 3.0 years at December 31, 2016. We estimate that at December 31, 2016 the effective duration of investment securities was 3.1 years for an immediate 50 basis points parallel increase in interest rates and 2.9 years for an immediate 50 basis points parallel decrease in interest rates. Comparable amounts at December 31, 2015 for the effective duration of investment securities were 2.8 years and 2.6 years, respectively.

Based on expected prepayment speeds, the weighted-average expected maturity of the investment securities portfolio (excluding corporate stock and other) was 5.0 years at December 31, 2016 compared to 4.8 years at December 31, 2015.

Table 7: Weighted-Average Expected Maturities of Mortgage and Other Asset-Backed Debt Securities

 

December 31, 2016    Years  

Agency residential mortgage-backed

     5.2   

Non-agency residential mortgage-backed

     5.8   

Agency commercial mortgage-backed

     3.5   

Non-agency commercial mortgage-backed

     3.5   

Asset-backed

     2.5   

Additional information regarding our investment securities is included in Note 5 Investment Securities and Note 6 Fair Value in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Report.

 

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    39


Table of Contents

Funding Sources

Table 8: Details of Funding Sources

Dollars in millions

  

December 31

2016

    

December 31

2015

     Change  
         $     %  

Deposits

                                  

Money market

   $ 105,849      $ 118,079      $ (12,230     (10 )% 

Demand

     96,799        90,038        6,761       8

Savings

     36,956        20,375        16,581       81

Time deposits

     17,560        20,510        (2,950     (14 )% 

Total deposits

     257,164        249,002        8,162       3

Borrowed funds

            

FHLB borrowings

     17,549        20,108        (2,559     (13 )% 

Bank notes and senior debt

     22,972        21,298        1,674       8

Subordinated debt

     8,009        8,556        (547     (6 )% 

Other

     4,176        4,570        (394     (9 )% 

Total borrowed funds

     52,706        54,532        (1,826     (3 )% 

Total funding sources

   $ 309,870      $ 303,534      $ 6,336       2

Total deposits increased in the comparison mainly due to strong growth in demand and savings deposits which reflected in part a shift from money market deposits to relationship-based savings products. Total borrowed funds decreased in the comparison due to maturities of FHLB borrowings, partially offset by higher bank notes and senior debt.

See the Liquidity and Capital Management portion of the Risk Management section of this Item 7 for additional information regarding our 2016 capital and liquidity activities.

Shareholders’ Equity

Total shareholders’ equity as of December 31, 2016 grew $1.0 billion compared to December 31, 2015 due to an increase in retained earnings and higher capital surplus, which included the issuance of Series S preferred stock, partially offset by common share repurchases of $2.0 billion and a decrease in accumulated other comprehensive income primarily related to net unrealized securities losses. The growth in retained earnings resulted from 2016 net income of $4.0 billion, reduced by $1.3 billion of common and preferred dividends declared. Common shares outstanding were 485 million and 504 million at December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively, reflecting repurchases of 22.8 million shares during 2016.

BUSINESS SEGMENTS REVIEW

We have six reportable business segments:

   

Retail Banking

   

Corporate & Institutional Banking

   

Asset Management Group

   

Residential Mortgage Banking

   

BlackRock

   

Non-Strategic Assets Portfolio

Business segment results and a description of each business are included in Note 22 Segment Reporting included in the Notes To Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Report. Certain amounts included in this Business Segments Review section of this Item 7 differ from those amounts shown in Note 22, primarily due to the presentation in Item 7 of this Report of business net interest revenue on a taxable-equivalent basis. Note 22 presents results of businesses for 2016, 2015 and 2014.

Net interest income in business segment results reflects our internal funds transfer pricing methodology. Assets receive a funding charge and liabilities and capital receive a funding credit based on a transfer pricing methodology that incorporates product repricing characteristics, tenor and other factors. In the first quarter of 2015, enhancements were made to our funds transfer pricing methodology primarily for costs related to the new regulatory short-term liquidity standards. The enhancements incorporate an additional charge assigned to assets, including for unfunded loan commitments. Conversely, a higher transfer pricing credit has been assigned to those deposits that are accorded higher value under Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) rules for liquidity purposes. Please see the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 and the Liquidity and Capital Management section in this Item 7 for more information about the LCR. These adjustments affected business segment results, primarily favorably impacting Retail Banking and adversely impacting Corporate & Institutional Banking.

 

 

40    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


Table of Contents

Retail Banking

(Unaudited)

Table 9: Retail Banking Table

 

Year ended December 31

Dollars in millions, except as noted

                 Change  
   2016     2015     $     %  

INCOME STATEMENT

          

Net interest income

   $ 4,456     $ 4,226     $ 230       5

Noninterest income

     2,142       2,223       (81     (4 )% 

Total revenue

     6,598       6,449       149       2

Provision for credit losses

     284       259       25       10

Noninterest expense

     4,693       4,761       (68     (1 )% 

Pretax earnings

     1,621       1,429       192       13

Income taxes

     594       522       72       14

Earnings

   $ 1,027     $ 907     $ 120       13

AVERAGE BALANCE SHEET

          

Loans

          

Consumer

          

Home equity

   $ 26,204     $ 27,657     $ (1,453     (5 )% 

Automobile

     11,248       10,433       815       8

Education

     5,562       6,307       (745     (12 )% 

Credit cards

     4,889       4,527       362       8

Other

     1,790       1,881       (91     (5 )% 

Total consumer

     49,693       50,805       (1,112     (2 )% 

Commercial and commercial real estate

     12,147       12,705       (558     (4 )% 

Residential mortgage

     528       680       (152     (22 )% 

Total loans

   $ 62,368     $ 64,190     $ (1,822     (3 )% 

Total assets

   $ 71,556     $ 73,240     $ (1,684     (2 )% 

Deposits

          

Noninterest-bearing demand

   $ 27,200     $ 24,119     $ 3,081       13

Interest-bearing demand

     38,629       36,189       2,440       7

Money market

     45,926       54,576       (8,650     (16 )% 

Savings

     27,340       14,358       12,982       90

Certificates of deposit

     14,798       16,518       (1,720     (10 )% 

Total deposits

   $ 153,893     $ 145,760     $ 8,133       6

PERFORMANCE RATIOS

          

Return on average assets

     1.44     1.24      

Noninterest income to total revenue

     32     34      

Efficiency

     71     74                

SUPPLEMENTAL NONINTEREST INCOME INFORMATION

          

Consumer services

   $ 1,061     $ 1,015     $ 46       5

Service charges on deposits

   $ 639     $ 623     $ 16       3

Brokerage

   $ 295     $ 284     $ 11       4

OTHER INFORMATION (a)

          

Customer-related statistics (average)

          

Non-teller deposit transactions (b)

     49     43      

Digital consumer customers (c)

     58     52      

Credit-related statistics

          

Nonperforming assets (d)

   $ 1,003     $ 1,045     $ (42     (4 )% 

Net charge-offs

   $ 349     $ 344     $ 5       1

Other statistics

          

ATMs

     9,024       8,956       68       1

Branches (e)

     2,520       2,616       (96     (4 )% 

Universal branches (f)

     526       359       167       47

Brokerage account client assets (in billions) (g)

   $ 44     $ 43     $ 1       2

(continued on following page)

 

The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K    41


Table of Contents

(continued from previous page)

 

(a) Presented as of December 31, except for customer-related statistics, which are averages for the year ended, and net charge-offs, which are for the year ended.
(b) Percentage of total consumer and business banking deposit transactions processed at an ATM or through our mobile banking application.
(c) Represents consumer checking relationships that process the majority of their transactions through non-teller channels.
(d) Includes nonperforming loans of $1.0 billion at both December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
(e) Excludes satellite offices (e.g., drive-ups, electronic branches and retirement centers) that provide limited products and/or services.
(f) Included in total branches; represents branches operating under our universal model.
(g) Includes cash and money market balances.

 

Retail Banking earned $1.0 billion in 2016 compared with $907 million for 2015. The increase in earnings was driven by higher net interest income and a decrease in noninterest expense, partially offset by lower noninterest income and increased provision for credit losses. Retail Banking continues to enhance the customer experience with refinements to product offerings that drive product value for consumers and small businesses. We are focused on meeting the financial needs of our customers by providing a broad range of liquidity, banking and investment products.

Retail Banking continued to focus on the strategic priority of transforming the customer experience through transaction migration, branch network transformation and multi-channel engagement and service strategies.

   

In 2016, approximately 58% of consumer customers used non-teller channels for the majority of their transactions compared with 52% for 2015.

   

Deposit transactions via ATM and mobile channels increased to 49% of total deposit transactions in 2016 compared with 43% for 2015.

   

We had a network of 2,520 branches and 9,024 ATMs at December 31, 2016. Approximately 21% of the branch network operates under the universal model.

   

Instant debit card issuance, which enables us to print a customer’s debit card in minutes, was available in 2,207 branches, or 88% of the branch network, as of December 31, 2016.

Net interest income increased in 2016 compared to 2015 due to growth in deposit balances partially offset by lower loan balances and interest rate spread compression on the value of loans and deposits.

The decline in noninterest income compared to the prior year reflected the impact of lower net gains on sales of Visa Class B common shares in 2016 of $32 million compared with net gains of $166 million in 2015. Net gains on Visa sales include derivative fair value adjustments related to swap agreements with purchasers of Visa Class B common shares in connection with all prior sales to date.

Other forms of noninterest income grew in the comparison, reflecting execution on our strategy to provide diverse product and service offerings. Higher transaction volumes in 2016 contributed to consumer service fee growth from payment-related products, specifically in debit and credit card, as well as increased service charges on deposits and brokerage fees.

The decline in noninterest expense in the comparison was due to a decrease in personnel expense, lower marketing expense,

and reduced branch network expenses as a result of network transformation and transaction migration to lower cost digital and ATM channels.

Provision for credit losses increased compared to 2015, reflecting overall credit portfolio performance.

The deposit strategy of Retail Banking is to remain disciplined on pricing and focused on growing and retaining relationship-based balances, executing on market specific deposit growth strategies, and providing a source of low-cost funding and liquidity to PNC. In 2016, average total deposits increased compared to 2015, driven by growth in savings deposits reflecting in part a shift from money market deposits to relationship-based savings products. Additionally, demand deposit categories increased, partially offset by a decline in certificates of deposit due to the net runoff of maturing accounts.

Retail Banking continued to focus on a relationship-based lending strategy. The decrease in average total loans in 2016 compared to 2015 was due to a decline in home equity and commercial loans, as well as runoff of certain portions of the portfolios, as more fully described below.

   

Average home equity loans decreased as pay-downs and payoffs on loans exceeded new originated volume. Retail Banking’s home equity loan portfolio is relationship based, with over 97% of the portfolio attributable to borrowers in our primary geographic footprint. The weighted-average updated FICO scores for this portfolio were 746 at December 31, 2016 and 752 at December 31, 2015.

   

Average commercial and commercial real estate loans declined as pay-downs and payoffs on loans exceeded new volume.

   

Average automobile loans, which consisted of both direct and indirect auto loans, increased primarily due to portfolio growth in previously underpenetrated markets.

   

Average credit card balances increased as a result of organic growth.

   

In 2016, average loan balances for the education and other loan portfolios declined $988 million, or 11%, compared to 2015, driven by declines in the discontinued government guaranteed education, indirect other, and residential mortgage portfolios, which are primarily runoff portfolios.

Nonperforming assets decreased compared to December 31, 2015 driven by declines in both consumer and commercial nonperforming loans.

 

 

42    The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. – Form 10-K


Table of Contents

Corporate & Institutional Banking

(Unaudited)

Table 10: Corporate & Institutional Banking Table

 

Year ended December 31    2016     2015     Change  
Dollars in millions, except as noted        $     %  

INCOME STATEMENT

                                

Net interest income

   $ 3,503     $ 3,494     $ 9        

Noninterest income

     2,006       1,935       71       4

Total revenue

     5,509       5,429       80       1

Provision for credit losses

     187       106       81       76

Noninterest expense

     2,175       2,148       27       1

Pretax earnings

     3,147       3,175       (28     (1 )% 

Income taxes

     1,112       1,144       (32     (3 )% 

Earnings

   $ 2,035     $ 2,031     $ 4        

AVERAGE BALANCE SHEET

          

Loans held for sale

   $ 868     $ 966     $ (98     (10 )% 

Loans

          

Commercial

   $ 88,264     $ 85,416     $ 2,848       3

Commercial real estate

     26,553       23,036       3,517       15

Equipment lease financing

     6,819       6,940       (121     (2 )% 

Total commercial lending

     121,636       115,392       6,244