10-Q 1 bac-331201610xq.htm 10-Q 10-Q


 
 
 
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[ü] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2016
or
[   ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to
Commission file number:
1-6523
Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter:
Bank of America Corporation
State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization:
Delaware
IRS Employer Identification No.:
56-0906609
Address of principal executive offices:
Bank of America Corporate Center
100 N. Tryon Street
Charlotte, North Carolina 28255
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:
(704) 386-5681
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ü     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ü     No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one).
Large accelerated filer ü
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
(do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Yes      No ü
On April 29, 2016, there were 10,271,915,653 shares of Bank of America Corporation Common Stock outstanding.
 
 
 
 
 

                


Bank of America Corporation
 
March 31, 2016
 
Form 10-Q
 
 
 
INDEX
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1




2


Item 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This report on Form 10-Q, the documents that it incorporates by reference and the documents into which it may be incorporated by reference may contain, and from time to time Bank of America Corporation (collectively with its subsidiaries, the Corporation) and its management may make certain statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements often use words such as "anticipates," "targets," "expects," "hopes," "estimates," "intends," "plans," "goals," "believes," "continue" and other similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as "will," "may," "might," "should," "would" and "could." Forward-looking statements represent the Corporation's current expectations, plans or forecasts of its future results and revenues, and future business and economic conditions more generally, and other future matters. These statements are not guarantees of future results or performance and involve certain known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict and are often beyond the Corporation's control. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, any of these forward-looking statements.

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement and should consider the following uncertainties and risks, as well as the risks and uncertainties more fully discussed elsewhere in this report, including under Item 1A. Risk Factors of the Corporation's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K and in any of the Corporation's subsequent Securities and Exchange Commission filings: the Corporation's ability to resolve representations and warranties repurchase and related claims, including claims brought by investors or trustees seeking to distinguish certain aspects of the New York Court of Appeals' ACE Securities Corp v. DB Structured Products, Inc. (ACE) decision or to assert other claims seeking to avoid the impact of the ACE decision; the possibility that the Corporation could face increased servicing, securities, fraud, indemnity, contribution or other claims from one or more counterparties, including trustees, purchasers of loans, underwriters, issuers, other parties involved in securitizations, monolines or private-label and other investors; the possibility that future representations and warranties losses may occur in excess of the Corporation's recorded liability and estimated range of possible loss for its representations and warranties exposures; the possibility that the Corporation may not collect mortgage insurance claims; potential claims, damages, penalties, fines and reputational damage resulting from pending or future litigation and regulatory proceedings, including the possibility that amounts may be in excess of the Corporation's recorded liability and estimated range of possible loss for litigation exposures; the possible outcome of LIBOR, other reference rate and foreign exchange inquiries and investigations; uncertainties about the financial stability and growth rates of non-U.S. jurisdictions, the risk that those jurisdictions may face difficulties servicing their sovereign debt, and related stresses on financial markets, currencies and trade, and the Corporation's exposures to such risks, including direct, indirect and operational; the impact of U.S. and global interest rates (including negative interest rates), currency exchange rates and economic conditions; the possibility that future credit losses may be higher than currently expected due to changes in economic assumptions, customer behavior and other uncertainties; the impact on the Corporation's business, financial condition and results of operations of a potential higher interest rate environment; the impact on the Corporation's business, financial condition and results of operations from a protracted period of lower oil prices or ongoing volatility with respect to oil prices; our ability to achieve anticipated cost savings, including, but not limited to, our ability to achieve anticipated decreases in the amount of noninterest expense, excluding litigation expense; adverse changes to the Corporation's credit ratings from the major credit rating agencies; estimates of the fair value of certain of the Corporation's assets and liabilities; uncertainty regarding the content, timing and impact of regulatory capital and liquidity requirements, including the potential adoption of total loss-absorbing capacity requirements; the potential for payment protection insurance exposure to increase as a result of Financial Conduct Authority actions; the impact of recent proposed U.K. tax law changes including a further limitation on how much net operating losses can offset annual profits and a reduction to the U.K. corporate tax rate which, if enacted, will result in a tax charge upon enactment; the possible impact of Federal Reserve actions on the Corporation's capital plans; the possible impact of the Corporation's failure to remediate deficiencies identified by banking regulators in the Corporation's Recovery and Resolution plans; the impact of implementation and compliance with new and evolving U.S. and international regulations, including, but not limited to, recovery and resolution planning requirements, the Volcker Rule, and derivatives regulations; a failure in or breach of the Corporation's operational or security systems or infrastructure, or those of third parties, including as a result of cyber attacks; and other similar matters.

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Corporation undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the date the forward-looking statement was made.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements referred to in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) are incorporated by reference into the MD&A. Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation. Throughout the MD&A, the Corporation uses certain acronyms and abbreviations which are defined in the Glossary.


3


Executive Summary
 
Business Overview

The Corporation is a Delaware corporation, a bank holding company (BHC) and a financial holding company. When used in this report, "the Corporation" may refer to Bank of America Corporation individually, Bank of America Corporation and its subsidiaries, or certain of Bank of America Corporation's subsidiaries or affiliates. Our principal executive offices are located in Charlotte, North Carolina. Through our banking and various nonbank subsidiaries throughout the U.S. and in international markets, we provide a diversified range of banking and nonbank financial services and products through five business segments: Consumer Banking, Global Wealth & Investment Management (GWIM), Global Banking, Global Markets and Legacy Assets & Servicing (LAS), with the remaining operations recorded in All Other. We operate our banking activities primarily under the Bank of America, National Association (Bank of America, N.A. or BANA) charter. At March 31, 2016, the Corporation had approximately $2.2 trillion in assets and approximately 213,000 full-time equivalent employees.

As of March 31, 2016, we operated in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and more than 35 countries. Our retail banking footprint covers approximately 80 percent of the U.S. population, and we serve approximately 47 million consumer and small business relationships with approximately 4,700 retail financial centers, approximately 16,000 ATMs, and leading online and mobile banking platforms with approximately 33 million active users and approximately 20 million mobile users (www.bankofamerica.com). We offer industry-leading support to approximately three million small business owners. Our wealth management businesses, with client balances of nearly $2.5 trillion, provide tailored solutions to meet client needs through a full set of investment management, brokerage, banking, trust and retirement products. We are a global leader in corporate and investment banking and trading across a broad range of asset classes, serving corporations, governments, institutions and individuals around the world.


4


First-Quarter 2016 Economic and Business Environment

The U.S. economy continued to expand in the first quarter of 2016, much as it had during the final quarter of 2015. Consumer spending rose but at a slower pace for a second consecutive quarter, while consumer confidence remained at levels near the highs of the economic recovery period that began in June 2009. Business spending continued to be constrained by the impact of sustained low oil prices. Residential construction advanced steadily, reflecting continued low mortgage rates and solid employment gains. The net export gap widened, negatively impacting domestic economic growth, as weakness in foreign economies and the strong U.S. Dollar for most of the first quarter decreased export demand.

Payroll gains continued, but at a slower pace than the preceding quarter. The unemployment rate also edged lower. Labor force participation scored solid gains, indicating that the stronger labor market is attracting new candidates, and average hourly earnings showed tentative signs of increasing. Prices for finished energy products such as gasoline continued to fall during the quarter, suppressing headline consumer inflation (which includes certain items that may be subject to frequent volatile price changes, such as food and energy). Core inflation gained slight momentum, matching its year-over-year maximum for the economic recovery period as measured by the Consumer Price Index, but remained well below the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's (Federal Reserve) longer-term annual target of two percent.

After its initial rate increase in December, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) left its federal funds rate target unchanged, showing concern about very low inflation and weak economic conditions abroad. In January, the FOMC cited lower market-based measures of break-even inflation rates (rates that would leave an investor indifferent between holding a Treasury inflation-protected security and a Treasury security) and hinted at increased risk to the economy. In March, FOMC members' assessments of future federal funds rate levels fell appreciably. These signals indicated greater restraint in tightening monetary policy by the Federal Reserve. In response, Treasury yields fell during the quarter. Credit conditions tightened early in the quarter with widening corporate spreads and falling equities. However, both asset classes recovered late to remain relatively unchanged for the quarter.

International concerns remained a key factor in the Federal Reserve's resistance to raising rates. Internationally, other central banks generally increased monetary easing. Responding to sustained below-target inflation, the European Central Bank lowered its deposit rate further into negative territory and increased its volume of security purchases. The issues of the influx of refugees related to the war in Syria and the possibility that the United Kingdom could elect to leave the European Union remained sources of political uncertainty for the region. The Bank of Japan eased its monetary policy further, also introducing negative rates for the first time. Among emerging nations, Brazil faced a political crisis along with a deep recession and high inflation, while the Chinese economy continued to expand but at a somewhat slower pace.


5


Recent Events

Resolution Plan

On April 13, 2016, the Federal Reserve and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provided firm-specific feedback to eight systemically important, domestic banking institutions on their 2015 resolution plans. For additional information, see the Corporation's Current Report on Form 8-K as filed on April 13, 2016.

Capital Management

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we repurchased $800 million of common stock in connection with our 2015 Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) capital plan, which included a request to repurchase $4.0 billion of common stock over five quarters beginning in the second quarter of 2015, and to maintain the quarterly common stock dividend at the current rate of $0.05 per share. Additionally, on March 18, 2016, the Corporation announced that the Board of Directors (the Board) authorized additional repurchases of common stock up to $800 million outside of the scope of the 2015 CCAR capital plan to offset the share count dilution resulting from equity incentive compensation awarded to retirement-eligible employees, to which the Federal Reserve did not object. In connection with the additional authorization, the Corporation repurchased $200 million of common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2016. For additional information, see Capital Management on page 45.

Selected Financial Data

Table 1 provides selected consolidated financial data for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, and at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

Table 1
Selected Financial Data
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions, except per share information)
2016
 
2015
Income statement
 
 
 
Revenue, net of interest expense (FTE basis) (1)
$
19,727

 
$
21,129

Net income
2,680

 
3,097

Diluted earnings per common share
0.21

 
0.25

Dividends paid per common share
0.05

 
0.05

Performance ratios
 
 
 
Return on average assets
0.50
%
 
0.59
%
Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity (1)
5.41

 
7.19

Efficiency ratio (FTE basis) (1)
75.11

 
74.91

 
 
 
 
 
March 31
2016
 
December 31
2015
Balance sheet
 
 
 
Total loans and leases (2)
$
901,113

 
$
896,983

Total assets
2,185,498

 
2,144,316

Total deposits
1,217,261

 
1,197,259

Total common shareholders' equity
238,434

 
233,932

Total shareholders' equity
262,776

 
256,205

(1) 
Fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) basis, return on average tangible common shareholders' equity and the efficiency ratio are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may define or calculate these measures differently. For more information on these measures and ratios, and a corresponding reconciliation to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 14.
(2) 
Beginning in the first quarter of 2016, the Corporation classifies certain leases in other assets. Previously these leases were classified in loans and leases. Prior periods were reclassified to conform to current period presentation.

6


Financial Highlights

Net income was $2.7 billion, or $0.21 per diluted share for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to $3.1 billion, or $0.25 for the same period in 2015. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015 were primarily driven by declines in net interest income on a fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) basis and noninterest income, and higher provision for credit losses, partially offset by lower noninterest expense. Included in net interest income on an FTE basis were negative market-related adjustments on debt securities of $1.2 billion and $484 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

Total assets increased $41.2 billion from December 31, 2015 to $2.2 trillion at March 31, 2016 primarily driven by higher securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell due to increased customer financing activity, higher cash and cash equivalents due to strong deposit inflows, and an increase in loans and leases driven by strong demand for commercial loans outpacing consumer loan sales and run-off. Total liabilities increased $34.6 billion from December 31, 2015 to $1.9 trillion at March 31, 2016 primarily driven by an increase in deposits, securities loaned or sold under agreements to repurchase and trading account liabilities, partially offset by a decline in all other liabilities driven by the Bank of New York Mellon (BNY Mellon) settlement payment. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we returned $2.0 billion in capital to shareholders through common and preferred stock dividends and common stock repurchases. For more information on the balance sheet, see Executive Summary – Balance Sheet Overview on page 11.

From a capital management perspective, during the three months ended March 31, 2016, we maintained our strong capital position with Common equity tier 1 capital of $162.7 billion, risk-weighted assets of $1,587 billion and a Common equity tier 1 capital ratio of 10.3 percent at March 31, 2016 as measured under the Basel 3 Advanced – Transition. The Corporation's fully phased-in supplementary leverage ratio (SLR) was 6.8 percent and 6.4 percent at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, both above the 5.0 percent required minimum (including leverage buffer) effective January 1, 2018. Our Global Excess Liquidity Sources were $525 billion with time-to-required funding at 36 months at March 31, 2016 compared to $504 billion and 39 months at December 31, 2015. For additional information, see Capital Management on page 45 and Liquidity Risk on page 54.

Table 2
 
 
 
Summary Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Net interest income (FTE basis) (1)
$
9,386

 
$
9,626

Noninterest income
10,341

 
11,503

Total revenue, net of interest expense (FTE basis) (1)
19,727

 
21,129

Provision for credit losses
997

 
765

Noninterest expense
14,816

 
15,827

Income before income taxes (FTE basis) (1)
3,914

 
4,537

Income tax expense (FTE basis) (1)
1,234

 
1,440

Net income
2,680

 
3,097

Preferred stock dividends
457

 
382

Net income applicable to common shareholders
$
2,223

 
$
2,715

 
 
 
 
Per common share information
 
 
 
Earnings
$
0.21

 
$
0.26

Diluted earnings
0.21

 
0.25

(1) 
FTE basis is a non-GAAP financial measure. Includes FTE adjustments of $215 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015. For more information on this measure and for a corresponding reconciliation to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 14.


7


Net Interest Income

Net interest income on an FTE basis decreased $240 million to $9.4 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015. The net interest yield on an FTE basis decreased 11 basis points (bps) to 2.05 percent for the same period. These declines were primarily driven by a negative change of $707 million in market-related adjustments on debt securities and lower consumer loan balances, partially offset by growth in commercial loans, the impact of higher interest rates and increased debt securities compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015. Negative market-related adjustments on debt securities were $1.2 billion and $484 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015. Negative market-related adjustments on debt securities were primarily due to the acceleration of premium amortization on debt securities as the decline in long-term interest rates shortened the estimated lives of mortgage-related debt securities. Also included in market-related adjustments is hedge ineffectiveness that impacted net interest income. For additional information, see Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Principles to the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Noninterest Income

Table 3
Noninterest Income
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Card income
$
1,430

 
$
1,394

Service charges
1,837

 
1,764

Investment and brokerage services
3,182

 
3,378

Investment banking income
1,153

 
1,487

Trading account profits
1,662

 
2,247

Mortgage banking income
433

 
694

Gains on sales of debt securities
226

 
268

Other income
418

 
271

Total noninterest income
$
10,341

 
$
11,503


Noninterest income decreased $1.2 billion to $10.3 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015. The following highlights the significant changes.

Investment and brokerage services income decreased $196 million driven by lower market valuations and lower transactional revenue.

Investment banking income decreased $334 million driven by lower debt and equity issuance fees, as well as lower advisory fees due to declines in market fee pools.

Trading account profits decreased $585 million. Debit valuation adjustments (DVA) gains were $184 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to losses of $46 million in the same period in 2015. Excluding DVA, trading account profits decreased $815 million driven by declines in credit-related products and equities due to challenging market conditions, and lower revenue in currencies which performed strongly in the same period in 2015. These decreases were partially offset by an improved performance in rates and client financing. For more information on trading account profits, see Global Markets on page 33.

Mortgage banking income decreased $261 million primarily due to declines in core production revenue, mortgage servicing rights (MSR) net-of-hedge performance and servicing fees, partially offset by gains on the sales of loans.

Other income increased $147 million primarily due to an improvement of $325 million in DVA, partially offset by lower gains on asset sales. DVA losses were $30 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to $355 million in the same period in 2015.


8


Provision for Credit Losses

Table 4
 
 
 
Credit Quality Data
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Provision for credit losses
 
 
 
Consumer
$
402

 
$
619

Commercial
595

 
146

Total provision for credit losses
$
997

 
$
765

 
 
 
 
Net charge-offs (1)
$
1,068

 
$
1,194

Net charge-off ratio (2)
0.48
%
 
0.56
%
(1) 
Net charge-offs exclude write-offs in the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio.
(2) 
Net charge-off ratios are calculated as annualized net charge-offs divided by average outstanding loans and leases excluding loans accounted for under the fair value option.

The provision for credit losses increased $232 million to $997 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015. The provision for credit losses in the consumer portfolio decreased $217 million compared to the same period in 2015 due to a continued improvement in portfolio trends. The provision for credit losses for the commercial portfolio increased $449 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015 driven by an increase in energy sector reserves primarily due to increased allowance coverage for the higher risk sub-sectors. For more information on our energy sector exposure, see Commercial Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Industry Concentrations on page 83. The decrease in net charge-offs for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was primarily due to credit quality improvement in the consumer portfolio, partially offset by higher energy-related net charge-offs in the commercial portfolio.

For the remainder of 2016, we currently expect that provision expense should approximate net charge-offs. For more information on the provision for credit losses, see Provision for Credit Losses on page 89.

Noninterest Expense

Table 5
 
 
 
Noninterest Expense
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Personnel
$
8,852

 
$
9,614

Occupancy
1,028

 
1,027

Equipment
463

 
512

Marketing
419

 
440

Professional fees
425

 
421

Amortization of intangibles
187

 
213

Data processing
838

 
852

Telecommunications
173

 
171

Other general operating
2,431

 
2,577

Total noninterest expense
$
14,816

 
$
15,827


Noninterest expense decreased $1.0 billion to $14.8 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to the same period in 2015. Personnel expense decreased $762 million as we continue to manage headcount and achieve cost savings. Continued expense management in LAS, as well as the expiration of fully-amortized wealth advisor retention awards, more than offset the increases in client-facing professionals. Included in personnel expense were annual retirement-eligible incentive costs of $850 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to $1.0 billion for the same period in 2015. Other general operating expense decreased $146 million primarily due to lower foreclosed properties expense.


9


Income Tax Expense

Table 6
 
 
 
Income Tax Expense
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Income before income taxes
$
3,699

 
$
4,322

Income tax expense
1,019

 
1,225

Effective tax rate
27.5
%
 
28.3
%

The effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were driven by the impact of our recurring tax preference benefits. We expect an effective tax rate closer to 30 percent for the remainder of 2016, absent unusual items.

The U.K. Chancellor's Budget 2016 was announced on March 16, 2016 and proposes to further reduce the U.K. corporate income tax rate by one percent to 17 percent effective April 1, 2020. This reduction would favorably affect income tax expense on future U.K. earnings but also would require us to remeasure, in the period of enactment, our U.K. net deferred tax assets using the lower tax rate. Accordingly, upon enactment, we would expect to record a charge to income tax expense of approximately $350 million. In addition, for banking companies, the portion of U.K. taxable income that can be reduced by net operating loss carryforwards would be further restricted from 50 percent to 25 percent retroactive to April 1, 2016.

10


Balance Sheet Overview
 
 
 
 
 
 
Table 7
Selected Balance Sheet Data
(Dollars in millions)
March 31
2016
 
December 31
2015
 
% Change
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
179,610

 
$
159,353

 
13
 %
Federal funds sold and securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell
221,129

 
192,482

 
15

Trading account assets
178,987

 
176,527

 
1

Debt securities
400,311

 
407,005

 
(2
)
Loans and leases
901,113

 
896,983

 
<1

Allowance for loan and lease losses
(12,069
)
 
(12,234
)
 
(1
)
All other assets
316,417

 
324,200

 
(2
)
Total assets
$
2,185,498

 
$
2,144,316

 
2

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits
$
1,217,261

 
$
1,197,259

 
2
 %
Federal funds purchased and securities loaned or sold under agreements to repurchase
188,960

 
174,291

 
8

Trading account liabilities
74,003

 
66,963

 
11

Short-term borrowings
30,881

 
28,098

 
10

Long-term debt
232,849

 
236,764

 
(2
)
All other liabilities
178,768

 
184,736

 
(3
)
Total liabilities
1,922,722

 
1,888,111

 
2

Shareholders' equity
262,776

 
256,205

 
3

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
2,185,498

 
$
2,144,316

 
2


Assets

At March 31, 2016, total assets were approximately $2.2 trillion, up $41.2 billion from December 31, 2015. The increase in assets was primarily driven by higher securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell due to increased customer financing activity, higher cash and cash equivalents due to strong deposit inflows, and an increase in loans and leases driven by strong demand for commercial loans outpacing consumer loan sales and run-off.

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

At March 31, 2016, total liabilities were approximately $1.9 trillion, up $34.6 billion from December 31, 2015, primarily driven by an increase in deposits, securities loaned or sold under agreements to repurchase and trading account liabilities, partially offset by a decline in all other liabilities driven by the BNY Mellon settlement payment.

Shareholders' equity of $262.8 billion at March 31, 2016 increased $6.6 billion from December 31, 2015 driven by an increase in accumulated other comprehensive income (OCI) due to a positive net change in the fair value of available-for-sale (AFS) debt securities as a result of lower interest rates, earnings and preferred stock issuances, partially offset by returns of capital to shareholders of $2.0 billion through common and preferred stock dividends and common stock repurchases.

11


Table 8
 
 
 
 
Selected Quarterly Financial Data
 
 
 
 
 
2016 Quarter
 
2015 Quarters
(In millions, except per share information)
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
 
First
Income statement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
9,171

 
$
9,756

 
$
9,471

 
$
10,461

 
$
9,411

Noninterest income
10,341

 
9,911

 
11,042

 
11,495

 
11,503

Total revenue, net of interest expense
19,512

 
19,667

 
20,513

 
21,956

 
20,914

Provision for credit losses
997

 
810

 
806

 
780

 
765

Noninterest expense
14,816

 
14,010

 
13,940

 
13,958

 
15,827

Income before income taxes
3,699

 
4,847

 
5,767

 
7,218

 
4,322

Income tax expense
1,019

 
1,511

 
1,446

 
2,084

 
1,225

Net income
2,680

 
3,336

 
4,321

 
5,134

 
3,097

Net income applicable to common shareholders
2,223

 
3,006

 
3,880

 
4,804

 
2,715

Average common shares issued and outstanding
10,340

 
10,399

 
10,444

 
10,488

 
10,519

Average diluted common shares issued and outstanding
11,100

 
11,153

 
11,197

 
11,238

 
11,267

Performance ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average assets
0.50
%
 
0.61
%
 
0.79
%
 
0.96
%
 
0.59
%
Four quarter trailing return on average assets (1)
0.71

 
0.74

 
0.73

 
0.52

 
0.38

Return on average common shareholders' equity
3.77

 
5.08

 
6.65

 
8.42

 
4.88

Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity (2)
5.41

 
7.32

 
9.65

 
12.31

 
7.19

Return on average tangible shareholders' equity (2)
5.72

 
7.15

 
9.43

 
11.51

 
7.24

Total ending equity to total ending assets
12.02

 
11.95

 
11.89

 
11.71

 
11.67

Total average equity to total average assets
11.98

 
11.79

 
11.71

 
11.67

 
11.49

Dividend payout
23.23

 
17.27

 
13.43

 
10.90

 
19.38

Per common share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings
$
0.21

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.37

 
$
0.46

 
$
0.26

Diluted earnings
0.21

 
0.28

 
0.35

 
0.43

 
0.25

Dividends paid
0.05

 
0.05

 
0.05

 
0.05

 
0.05

Book value
23.12

 
22.54

 
22.41

 
21.91

 
21.66

Tangible book value (2)
16.17

 
15.62

 
15.50

 
15.02

 
14.79

Market price per share of common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Closing
$
13.52

 
$
16.83

 
$
15.58

 
$
17.02

 
$
15.39

High closing
16.43

 
17.95

 
18.45

 
17.67

 
17.90

Low closing
11.16

 
15.38

 
15.26

 
15.41

 
15.15

Market capitalization
$
139,427

 
$
174,700

 
$
162,457

 
$
178,231

 
$
161,909

(1) 
Calculated as total net income for four consecutive quarters divided by annualized average assets for four consecutive quarters.
(2) 
Tangible equity ratios and tangible book value per share of common stock are non-GAAP financial measures. Other companies may define or calculate these measures differently. For more information on these ratios and for corresponding reconciliations to GAAP financial measures, see Supplemental Financial Data on page 14.
(3) 
For more information on the impact of the purchased credit-impaired loan portfolio (PCI) on asset quality, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management on page 60.
(4) 
Includes the allowance for loan and lease losses and the reserve for unfunded lending commitments.
(5) 
Balances and ratios do not include loans accounted for under the fair value option. For additional exclusions from nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Consumer Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 73 and corresponding Table 40, and Commercial Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Nonperforming Commercial Loans, Leases and Foreclosed Properties Activity on page 82 and corresponding Table 49.
(6) 
Primarily includes amounts allocated to the U.S. credit card and unsecured consumer lending portfolios in Consumer Banking, PCI loans and the non-U.S. credit card portfolio in All Other.
(7) 
Net charge-offs exclude $105 million, $82 million, $148 million, $290 million and $288 million of write-offs in the PCI loan portfolio in the first quarter of 2016 and in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively. For more information on purchased credit-impaired write-offs, see Consumer Portfolio Credit Risk Management – Purchased Credit-impaired Loan Portfolio on page 70.
(8) 
Risk-based capital ratios reported under Basel 3 Advanced - Transition beginning in the fourth quarter of 2015. Prior to the fourth quarter of 2015, we were required to report risk-based capital ratios under Basel 3 Standardized - Transition only. For additional information, see Capital Management on page 45.


12


Table 8
 
 
 
 
Selected Quarterly Financial Data (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
2016 Quarter
 
2015 Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
First
 
Fourth
 
Third
 
Second
 
First
Average balance sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total loans and leases
$
892,984

 
$
886,156

 
$
877,429

 
$
876,178

 
$
867,169

Total assets
2,173,618

 
2,180,472

 
2,168,993

 
2,151,966

 
2,138,574

Total deposits
1,198,455

 
1,186,051

 
1,159,231

 
1,146,789

 
1,130,726

Long-term debt
233,654

 
237,384

 
240,520

 
242,230

 
240,127

Common shareholders' equity
237,123

 
234,851

 
231,620

 
228,780

 
225,357

Total shareholders' equity
260,317

 
257,125

 
253,893

 
251,054

 
245,744

Asset quality (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for credit losses (4)
$
12,696

 
$
12,880

 
$
13,318

 
$
13,656

 
$
14,213

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties (5)
9,281

 
9,836

 
10,336

 
11,565

 
12,101

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (5)
1.35
%
 
1.37
%
 
1.45
%
 
1.50
%
 
1.58
%
Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases (5)
136

 
130

 
129

 
122

 
122

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (5)
129

 
122

 
120

 
111

 
110

Amounts included in allowance for loan and lease losses for loans and leases that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (6)
$
4,138

 
$
4,518

 
$
4,682

 
$
5,050

 
$
5,492

Allowance for loan and lease losses as a percentage of total nonperforming loans and leases, excluding the allowance for loan and lease losses for loans and leases that are excluded from nonperforming loans and leases (5, 6)
90
%
 
82
%
 
81
%
 
75
%
 
73
%
Net charge-offs (7)
$
1,068

 
$
1,144

 
$
932

 
$
1,068

 
$
1,194

Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (5, 7)
0.48
%
 
0.52
%
 
0.43
%
 
0.49
%
 
0.56
%
Annualized net charge-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding, excluding the PCI loan portfolio (5)
0.49

 
0.53

 
0.43

 
0.50

 
0.58

Annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs as a percentage of average loans and leases outstanding (5)
0.53

 
0.55

 
0.49

 
0.63

 
0.70

Nonperforming loans and leases as a percentage of total loans and leases outstanding (5)
0.99

 
1.05

 
1.12

 
1.23

 
1.30

Nonperforming loans, leases and foreclosed properties as a percentage of total loans, leases and foreclosed properties (5)
1.04

 
1.10

 
1.18

 
1.32

 
1.40

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs (7)
2.81

 
2.70

 
3.42

 
3.05

 
2.82

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs, excluding the PCI loan portfolio
2.67

 
2.52

 
3.18

 
2.79

 
2.55

Ratio of the allowance for loan and lease losses at period end to annualized net charge-offs and PCI write-offs
2.56

 
2.52

 
2.95

 
2.40

 
2.28

Capital ratios at period end
Risk-based capital: (8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common equity tier 1 capital
10.3
%
 
10.2
%
 
11.6
%
 
11.2
%
 
11.1
%
Tier 1 capital
11.5

 
11.3

 
12.9

 
12.5

 
12.3

Total capital
13.4

 
13.2

 
15.8

 
15.5

 
15.3

Tier 1 leverage
8.7

 
8.6

 
8.5

 
8.5

 
8.4

Tangible equity (2)
9.0

 
8.9

 
8.8

 
8.6

 
8.6

Tangible common equity (2)
7.9

 
7.8

 
7.8

 
7.6

 
7.5

For footnotes see page 12.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

13


Supplemental Financial Data

We view net interest income and related ratios and analyses on an FTE basis, which when presented on a consolidated basis, are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe managing the business with net interest income on an FTE basis provides a more accurate picture of the interest margin for comparative purposes. To derive the FTE basis, net interest income is adjusted to reflect tax-exempt income on an equivalent before-tax basis with a corresponding increase in income tax expense. For purposes of this calculation, we use the federal statutory tax rate of 35 percent. This measure ensures comparability of net interest income arising from taxable and tax-exempt sources.

Certain performance measures including the efficiency ratio and net interest yield utilize net interest income (and thus total revenue) on an FTE basis. The efficiency ratio measures the costs expended to generate a dollar of revenue, and net interest yield measures the bps we earn over the cost of funds.

We also evaluate our business based on certain ratios that utilize tangible equity, a non-GAAP financial measure. Tangible equity represents an adjusted shareholders' equity or common shareholders' equity amount which has been reduced by goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities. These measures are used to evaluate our use of equity. In addition, profitability, relationship and investment models use both return on average tangible common shareholders' equity and return on average tangible shareholders' equity as key measures to support our overall growth goals. These ratios are as follows:

Return on average tangible common shareholders' equity measures our earnings contribution as a percentage of adjusted common shareholders' equity. The tangible common equity ratio represents adjusted ending common shareholders' equity divided by total assets less goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities.

Return on average tangible shareholders' equity measures our earnings contribution as a percentage of adjusted average total shareholders' equity. The tangible equity ratio represents adjusted ending shareholders' equity divided by total assets less goodwill and intangible assets (excluding MSRs), net of related deferred tax liabilities.

Tangible book value per common share represents adjusted ending common shareholders' equity divided by ending common shares outstanding.

The aforementioned supplemental data and performance measures are presented in Table 8.

We evaluate our business segment results based on measures that utilize average allocated capital. Return on average allocated capital is calculated as net income adjusted for cost of funds and earnings credits and certain expenses related to intangibles, divided by average allocated capital. Allocated capital and the related return both represent non-GAAP financial measures.

Table 9 presents certain non-GAAP financial measures and performance measurements on an FTE basis.

Table 9
 
 
 
Supplemental Financial Data
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Fully taxable-equivalent basis data
 
 
 
Net interest income
$
9,386

 
$
9,626

Total revenue, net of interest expense
19,727

 
21,129

Net interest yield
2.05
%
 
2.16
%
Efficiency ratio
75.11

 
74.91


Tables 10, 11 and 12 provide reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP financial measures. We believe the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides additional clarity in assessing the results of the Corporation and our segments. Other companies may define or calculate these measures and ratios differently.

14


Table 10
Quarterly Supplemental Financial Data and Reconciliations to GAAP Financial Measures
 
Three Months Ended March 31
 
2016
 
2015
(Dollars in millions)
As Reported
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment
 
Fully taxable-equivalent basis
 
As Reported
 
Fully taxable-equivalent adjustment
 
Fully taxable-equivalent basis
Net interest income
$
9,171

 
$
215

 
$
9,386

 
$
9,411

 
$
215

 
$
9,626

Total revenue, net of interest expense
19,512

 
215

 
19,727

 
20,914

 
215

 
21,129

Income tax expense
1,019

 
215

 
1,234

 
1,225

 
215

 
1,440


Table 11
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Period-end and Average Supplemental Financial Data and Reconciliations to GAAP Financial Measures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average
 
Period-end
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
March 31
2016
 
December 31
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Common shareholders' equity
$
238,434

 
$
233,932

 
$
237,123

 
$
225,357

Goodwill
(69,761
)
 
(69,761
)
 
(69,761
)
 
(69,776
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(3,578
)
 
(3,768
)
 
(3,687
)
 
(4,518
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
1,667

 
1,716

 
1,707

 
1,959

Tangible common shareholders' equity
$
166,762

 
$
162,119

 
$
165,382

 
$
153,022

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity
$
262,776

 
$
256,205

 
$
260,317

 
$
245,744

Goodwill
(69,761
)
 
(69,761
)
 
(69,761
)
 
(69,776
)
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(3,578
)
 
(3,768
)
 
(3,687
)
 
(4,518
)
Related deferred tax liabilities
1,667

 
1,716

 
1,707

 
1,959

Tangible shareholders' equity
$
191,104

 
$
184,392

 
$
188,576

 
$
173,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
2,185,498

 
$
2,144,316

 
 
 
 
Goodwill
(69,761
)
 
(69,761
)
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets (excluding MSRs)
(3,578
)
 
(3,768
)
 
 
 
 
Related deferred tax liabilities
1,667

 
1,716

 
 
 
 
Tangible Assets
$
2,113,826

 
$
2,072,503

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


15


Table 12
 
 
 
Segment Supplemental Financial Data Reconciliations to GAAP Financial Measures (1)
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
Consumer Banking
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
1,785

 
$
1,461

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)
1

 
1

Adjusted net income
$
1,786

 
$
1,462

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
60,261

 
$
59,295

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(30,261
)
 
(30,295
)
Average allocated capital
$
30,000

 
$
29,000

 
 
 
 
Deposits
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
814

 
$
536

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)

 

Adjusted net income
$
814

 
$
536

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
30,417

 
$
30,424

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(18,417
)
 
(18,424
)
Average allocated capital
$
12,000

 
$
12,000

 
 
 
 
Consumer Lending
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
971

 
$
925

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)
1

 
1

Adjusted net income
$
972

 
$
926

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
29,844

 
$
28,870

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(11,844
)
 
(11,870
)
Average allocated capital
$
18,000

 
$
17,000

 
 
 
 
Global Wealth & Investment Management
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
740

 
$
652

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)
3

 
3

Adjusted net income
$
743

 
$
655

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
23,098

 
$
22,168

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(10,098
)
 
(10,168
)
Average allocated capital
$
13,000

 
$
12,000

 
 
 
 
Global Banking
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
1,066

 
$
1,367

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)

 

Adjusted net income
$
1,066

 
$
1,367

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
60,937

 
$
58,877

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(23,937
)
 
(23,877
)
Average allocated capital
$
37,000

 
$
35,000

 
 
 
 
Global Markets
 
 
 
Reported net income
$
984

 
$
677

Adjustment related to intangibles (2)
2

 
2

Adjusted net income
$
986

 
$
679

 
 
 
 
Average allocated equity (3)
$
42,332

 
$
40,416

Adjustment related to goodwill and a percentage of intangibles
(5,332
)
 
(5,416
)
Average allocated capital
$
37,000

 
$
35,000

(1) 
There are no adjustments to reported net income (loss) or average allocated equity for LAS.
(2) 
Represents cost of funds, earnings credits and certain expenses related to intangibles.
(3) 
Average allocated equity is comprised of average allocated capital plus capital for the portion of goodwill and intangibles specifically assigned to the business segment. For more information on allocated capital, see Business Segment Operations on page 21.
 
 
 
 


16


Net Interest Income Excluding Trading-related Net Interest Income

We manage net interest income on an FTE basis and excluding the impact of trading-related activities. We evaluate our sales and trading results and strategies on a total market-based revenue approach by combining net interest income and noninterest income for Global Markets. An analysis of net interest income, average earning assets and net interest yield on earning assets, all of which adjust for the impact of trading-related net interest income from reported net interest income on an FTE basis, is shown below. We believe the use of this non-GAAP presentation in Table 13 provides additional clarity in assessing our results.

Table 13
Net Interest Income Excluding Trading-related Net Interest Income
 
Three Months Ended March 31
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Net interest income (FTE basis)
 
 
 
As reported
$
9,386

 
$
9,626

Impact of trading-related net interest income
(1,059
)
 
(883
)
Net interest income excluding trading-related net interest income (FTE basis) (1)
$
8,327

 
$
8,743

Average earning assets
 
 
 
As reported
$
1,844,650

 
$
1,799,175

Impact of trading-related earning assets
(397,732
)
 
(415,193
)
Average earning assets excluding trading-related earning assets (1)
$
1,446,918

 
$
1,383,982

Net interest yield contribution (FTE basis) (2)
 
 
 
As reported
2.05
%
 
2.16
%
Impact of trading-related activities
0.27

 
0.40

Net interest yield on earning assets excluding trading-related activities (FTE basis) (1)
2.32
%
 
2.56
%
(1) 
Represents a non-GAAP financial measure.
(2) 
Calculated on an annualized basis.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, net interest income excluding trading-related net interest income decreased $416 million to $8.3 billion compared to the same period in 2015. The decrease was primarily driven by a negative change of $707 million in market-related adjustments on debt securities and lower consumer loan balances, partially offset by growth in commercial loans, the impact of higher interest rates and an increase in debt securities compared to the three months ended March 31, 2015. Market-related adjustments on debt securities resulted in an expense of $1.2 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2016 compared to an expense of $484 million for the same period in 2015. Negative market-related adjustments on debt securities were primarily due to the acceleration of premium amortization on debt securities as the decline in long-term interest rates shortened the estimated lives of mortgage-related debt securities. Also included in market-related adjustments is hedge ineffectiveness that impacted net interest income. For more information on market-related adjustments, see Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Principles to the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. For more information on the impact of interest rates, see Interest Rate Risk Management for Non-trading Activities on page 99.

Average earning assets excluding trading-related earning assets for the three months ended March 31, 2016 increased $62.9 billion to $1,446.9 billion compared to the same period in 2015. The increase was primarily in commercial loans, securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell, debt securities and cash held at central banks, partially offset by a decline in consumer loans.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, net interest yield on earning assets excluding trading-related activities decreased 24 bps to 2.32 percent compared to the same period in 2015 due to the same factors as described above.

17


Table 14
Quarterly Average Balances and Interest Rates – FTE Basis
 
First Quarter 2016
 
Fourth Quarter 2015
(Dollars in millions)
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Yield/
Rate
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Yield/
Rate
Earning assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing deposits with the Federal Reserve, non-U.S. central banks and other banks
$
138,574

 
$
155

 
0.45
%
 
$
148,102

 
$
108

 
0.29
%
Time deposits placed and other short-term investments
9,156

 
32

 
1.41

 
10,120

 
41

 
1.61

Federal funds sold and securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell
209,183

 
276

 
0.53

 
207,585

 
214

 
0.41

Trading account assets
136,306

 
1,212

 
3.57

 
134,797

 
1,141

 
3.37

Debt securities (1)
399,809

 
1,224

 
1.23

 
399,423

 
2,541

 
2.55

Loans and leases (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Residential mortgage
186,980

 
1,629

 
3.49

 
189,650

 
1,644

 
3.47

Home equity
75,328

 
711

 
3.79

 
77,109

 
715

 
3.69

U.S. credit card
87,163

 
2,021

 
9.32

 
88,623

 
2,045

 
9.15

Non-U.S. credit card
9,822

 
253

 
10.36

 
10,155

 
258

 
10.07

Direct/Indirect consumer (3)
89,342

 
550

 
2.48

 
87,858

 
530

 
2.40

Other consumer (4)
2,138

 
16

 
3.03

 
2,039

 
11

 
2.09

Total consumer
450,773

 
5,180

 
4.61

 
455,434

 
5,203

 
4.55

U.S. commercial
270,511

 
1,936

 
2.88

 
261,727

 
1,790

 
2.72

Commercial real estate (5)
57,271

 
434

 
3.05

 
56,126

 
408

 
2.89

Commercial lease financing
21,077

 
182

 
3.46

 
20,422

 
155

 
3.03

Non-U.S. commercial
93,352

 
585

 
2.52

 
92,447

 
530

 
2.27

Total commercial
442,211

 
3,137

 
2.85

 
430,722

 
2,883

 
2.66

Total loans and leases
892,984

 
8,317

 
3.74

 
886,156

 
8,086

 
3.63

Other earning assets
58,638

 
694

 
4.76

 
61,070

 
748

 
4.87

Total earning assets (6)
1,844,650

 
11,910

 
2.59

 
1,847,253

 
12,879

 
2.77

Cash and due from banks
28,844

 
 
 
 
 
29,503

 
 
 
 
Other assets, less allowance for loan and lease losses
300,124

 
 
 
 
 
303,716

 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
2,173,618

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,180,472

 
 
 
 
(1) 
Yields on debt securities excluding the impact of market-related adjustments was 2.45 percent in the first quarter of 2016, and 2.47 percent, 2.50 percent, 2.48 percent and 2.54 percent in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively. Yields on debt securities excluding the impact of market-related adjustments are a non-GAAP financial measure. The Corporation believes the use of this non-GAAP financial measure provides additional clarity in assessing its results. 
(2) 
Nonperforming loans are included in the respective average loan balances. Income on these nonperforming loans is generally recognized on a cost recovery basis. PCI loans were recorded at fair value upon acquisition and accrete interest income over the remaining life of the loan.
(3) 
Includes non-U.S. consumer loans of $3.8 billion in the first quarter of 2016, and $4.0 billion for each of the quarters of 2015.
(4) 
Includes consumer finance loans of $551 million in the first quarter of 2016, and $578 million, $605 million, $632 million and $661 million in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively; consumer leases of $1.4 billion in the first quarter of 2016, and $1.3 billion, $1.2 billion, $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively; and consumer overdrafts of $161 million in the first quarter of 2016, and $174 million, $177 million, $131 million and $141 million in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively.
(5) 
Includes U.S. commercial real estate loans of $53.8 billion in the first quarter of 2016, and $52.8 billion, $49.8 billion, $47.6 billion and $45.6 billion in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively; and non-U.S. commercial real estate loans of $3.4 billion in the first quarter of 2016, and $3.3 billion, $3.8 billion, $2.8 billion and $2.7 billion in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively.
(6) 
Interest income includes the impact of interest rate risk management contracts, which decreased interest income on the underlying assets by $35 million in the first quarter of 2016, and $32 million, $8 million, $8 million and $11 million in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively. Interest expense includes the impact of interest rate risk management contracts, which decreased interest expense on the underlying liabilities by $565 million in the first quarter of 2016, and $681 million, $590 million, $509 million and $582 million in the fourth, third, second and first quarters of 2015, respectively. For additional information, see Interest Rate Risk Management for Non-trading Activities on page 99.
(7) 
The yield on long-term debt excluding the $612 million adjustment on certain trust preferred securities was 2.15 percent for the fourth quarter of 2015. For more information, see Note 11 – Long-term Debt to the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The yield on long-term debt excluding the adjustment is a non-GAAP financial measure.

18


Table 14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarterly Average Balances and Interest Rates – FTE Basis (continued)
 
Third Quarter 2015
 
Second Quarter 2015
 
First Quarter 2015
(Dollars in millions)
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Yield/
Rate
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Yield/
Rate
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
Income/
Expense
 
Yield/
Rate
Earning assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing deposits with the Federal Reserve, non-U.S. central banks and other banks
$
145,174

 
$
96

 
0.26
%
 
$
125,762

 
$
81

 
0.26
%
 
$
126,189

 
$
84

 
0.27
%
Time deposits placed and other short-term investments
11,503

 
38

 
1.32

 
8,183

 
34

 
1.64

 
8,379

 
33

 
1.61

Federal funds sold and securities borrowed or purchased under agreements to resell
210,127

 
275

 
0.52

 
214,326

 
268

 
0.50

 
213,931

 
231

 
0.44

Trading account assets
140,484

 
1,170

 
3.31

 
137,137

 
1,114

 
3.25

 
138,946

 
1,122

 
3.26

Debt securities (1)
394,420

 
1,853

 
1.88

 
386,357

 
3,082

 
3.21

 
383,120

 
1,898

 
2.01

Loans and leases (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Residential mortgage
193,791

 
1,690

 
3.49

 
207,356

 
1,782

 
3.44

 
215,030

 
1,851

 
3.45

Home equity
79,715

 
730

 
3.64

 
82,640

 
769

 
3.73

 
84,915

 
770

 
3.66

U.S. credit card
88,201

 
2,033

 
9.15

 
87,460

 
1,980

 
9.08

 
88,695

 
2,027

 
9.27

Non-U.S. credit card
10,244

 
267

 
10.34

 
10,012

 
264

 
10.56

 
10,002

 
262

 
10.64

Direct/Indirect consumer (3)
85,975

 
515

 
2.38

 
83,698

 
504

 
2.42

 
80,713

 
491

 
2.47

Other consumer (4)
1,980

 
15

 
3.01

 
1,885

 
15

 
3.14

 
1,847

 
15

 
3.29

Total consumer
459,906

 
5,250

 
4.54

 
473,051

 
5,314

 
4.50

 
481,202

 
5,416

 
4.54

U.S. commercial
251,908

 
1,744

 
2.75

 
244,540

 
1,704

 
2.80

 
234,907

 
1,645

 
2.84

Commercial real estate (5)
53,605

 
384

 
2.84

 
50,478

 
382

 
3.03

 
48,234

 
347

 
2.92

Commercial lease financing
20,013

 
153

 
3.07

 
19,486

 
149

 
3.05

 
19,271

 
171

 
3.55

Non-U.S. commercial
91,997

 
514

 
2.22

 
88,623

 
479

 
2.17

 
83,555

 
485

 
2.35

Total commercial
417,523

 
2,795

 
2.66

 
403,127

 
2,714

 
2.70

 
385,967

 
2,648

 
2.78

Total loans and leases
877,429

 
8,045

 
3.65

 
876,178

 
8,028

 
3.67

 
867,169

 
8,064

 
3.76

Other earning assets
62,847

 
716

 
4.52

 
62,712

 
721

 
4.60