10-K 1 fizz20160430_10k.htm FORM 10-K fizz20160430_10k.htm

United States Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

  

FORM 10-K

 

[✓] Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016

or

[    ] Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

    For the transition period from __________ to _________

 

Commission file number 1-14170

 

 

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 Delaware

 59-2605822

 (State of incorporation) 

 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 8100 SW Tenth Street, Suite 4000, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33324

(Address of principal executive offices including zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (954) 581-0922

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 Title of each class   

 Name of each exchange on which registered

 Common Stock, par value $.01 per share 

 The NASDAQ Global Select Market

                                      

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ( ) No (✓)

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ( ) No (✓)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes (✓) No ( )

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months. Yes (✓) No ( )

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. (✓)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.: Large accelerated filer ( ) Accelerated filer (✓) Non-accelerated filer ( ) Smaller reporting company ( )

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ( ) No (✓)

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of Registrant computed by reference to the closing sale price of $37.64 on October 30, 2015 was approximately $435.2 million.

 

The number of shares of Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of July 7, 2016 was 46,556,450.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report.

 

 
 

 

   

table of contents

  

 

  PAGE

PART I

   

ITEM 1.

Business 2

ITEM 1A.

Risk Factors 10

ITEM 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments 11

ITEM 2.

Properties 11

ITEM 3.

Legal Proceedings 11

ITEM 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures 11
     

PART II

   

ITEM 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 12

ITEM 6.

Selected Financial Data 14

ITEM 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 15

ITEM 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk 20

ITEM 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 22

ITEM 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 41

ITEM 9A.

Controls and Procedures 41

ITEM 9B.

Other Information 41
     

PART III

   

ITEM 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 42

ITEM 11.

Executive Compensation 43

ITEM 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 43

ITEM 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 43

ITEM 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services 43
     

PART IV

   

ITEM 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 43

SIGNATURES

46

 

 
1

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1.     BUSINESS

 

GENERAL

 

 

National Beverage Corp. proudly refreshes America with a distinctive portfolio of Sparkling Waters, Juices, Energy Drinks and Carbonated Soft Drinks. We believe our ingenious product designs, innovative packaging and imaginative flavors, along with our corporate culture and philosophy, makes National Beverage unique in the beverage industry. The Company’s primary market focus is the United States, but our products are also distributed in various other countries. National Beverage Corp. was incorporated in Delaware in 1985 and began trading as a public company on the NASDAQ Stock Market in 1991. In this report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Company” and “National Beverage” mean National Beverage Corp. and its subsidiaries unless indicated otherwise.

 

National Beverage is in an ongoing transition to meet the healthy hydration demands of the American consumer. Health and wellness awareness has increased significantly, resulting in growing demand for beverages with little or no calories and wholesome natural ingredients. Our brands emphasize distinctly-flavored beverages in attractive packaging that appeal to multiple demographic groups. The attentive, conscious and discriminating consumer is ever more alert to healthy choices and better-for-you ingredients that align to this transition and strategic focus.

 

We believe the combination of our business strategies and philosophies is key to greater competitive advantage and differentiation from competitors. Points of differentiation include the following:

 

Healthy Transformation – We focus on developing healthier beverages in response to the global shift in consumer buying habits. We are committed to tailoring the variety and types of beverages in our portfolio to satisfy the preferences of a diverse mix of ‘crossover consumers’ – a growing group desiring a change to better-for-you beverages.

 

Flavor InnovationThroughout our product lines and brands, we emphasize distinctly flavored beverages. Building on a rich tradition of flavor and brand innovation with over a 125 year history of development with iconic brands such as Shasta® and Faygo®, we consider ourselves a leader in flavor and essence technology. Proprietary flavors and essences are developed and tested in-house and only made commercially available after extensive concept and sensory evaluation. Our variety of flavors provides us a unique advantage with today’s consumers who demand variety and refreshing beverage alternatives.

 

 

Quality Ethic – We believe consumers demand quality, and we are committed to producing and developing products of the highest quality that also appeal to the value expectations of the consumer. We believe we can leverage our efficient production and distribution systems, and our cost-effective social media and regionally focused marketing programs, to profitably deliver products at optimal consumer price-points.

   

 
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Creative Dynamics – In a beverage industry that is dominated by the “cola giants”, we pride ourselves on our ability to respond faster and more creatively to consumer trends than competitors who are burdened by production and distribution complexity as well as legacy costs. The ability to identify consumer trends and create new product concepts to lead the market defines our new product development model. Speed to market with the right concept, unique flavor creation and trend forward ‘better-for-you’ continues to be our goal. As with flavor development, internal development teams are responsible for concept creation, packaging and design, which allows for rapid ‘go to market’ timing and reduced development costs.

  

BRANDS

 

Our brands consist of (i) beverages geared to the active and health-conscious consumer (“Power+ Brands”) including sparkling waters, energy drinks, and juices, and (ii) Carbonated Soft Drinks in a variety of flavors including regular, sugar-free and reduced calorie options. We believe our unique brands and speed-to-market are key factors to our success.

 

Power+ Brands

 

LaCroix

100% all natural LaCroix® Sparkling Water, our strategically largest and fastest-growing brand, has set the pace in the Sparkling Water category that is rapidly becoming the alternative to traditional carbonated soda. With zero calories, zero sweeteners and zero sodium, the innocence of LaCroix has propelled it to the top-selling all natural domestic sparkling water. LaCroix has the support of national chains in multiple channels, including mass merchants, mainstream supermarkets and natural and specialty food retailers and has a flourishing social media presence. Flavored with natural fruit essence, LaCroix has expanded its core line with five new offerings - Coconut, Mango, Apricot, Passionfruit and Tangerine.

 

                        

 

                      

  LaCroix’s dynamic ‘theme’ LaCroix Cúrate™ (‘Cure Yourself’) celebrates French sophistication with Spanish zest with three new bold flavors – Melón Pomelo (cantaloupe pink grapefruit), Múre Pepino (blackberry cucumber) and Kiwi Sandia (kiwi watermelon). Cúrate naturally refreshes in tall 12 oz. consumer-favored cans. Eloquent graphics, robust aroma, naturally ‘essenced’ and premium-priced, Cúrate is a trendsetting addition to a brand that is the healthy alternative for trend-forward consumers.

 

 
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NiCola™ by LaCroix, an innovative sparkling water with the essence and flavor of cola, is ‘innocent’ of calories, sodium, sweetener or any ingredient that the health-conscious consumer avoids. NiCola is designed for those cola and diet cola drinkers within the $79 billion U.S. carbonated soft drink market who are looking to ‘crossover’ to a beverage that complements a healthier lifestyle.

 

 

Additional LaCroix themes are in development and feature unique packaging, ground-breaking flavor concepts, and a go-to-market strategy designed to provide additional placements within the retail environment outside the traditional grocery shelf.

 

 

Shasta Sparkling 

Shasta Sparkling Water® duplicates the iconic flavors that have charmed its loyal consumers over the past 125 plus years with the first genuine soft-drink alternative (SDA). Shasta Sparkling is naturally-essenced without calories, sodium and sweeteners. ‘Simply Natural and Smartly Healthy,’ Shasta Sparkling flavors include: Lemon-Lime Splash, Draft Root Beer, Shasta Cola, California Orange, Original Pure and Big Black Cherry.

Shasta Sparkling was successfully test marketed in the Western U.S. in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2016 and has been introduced within Shasta’s demographic areas to give carbonated soft drink consumers who want their nostalgic Shasta flavors an entirely ‘innocent’ and exciting alternative. Shasta Sparkling complements a healthier lifestyle with its eloquent design and is packaged in tall 10.5 oz. cans with an industry first “clean” label.

 

 

 
4

 

 

Everfresh and Mr. Pure

Everfresh® 100% juice and juice drinks are available in a variety of flavors, from such classics as Orange, Cranberry and flavored lemonades to exotics that include Premium Papaya and Pineapple Mango. Originating in the Midwest, the Everfresh signature package is a hot-filled, 16 oz. glass bottle primarily for single-serve consumption. Additional consumer-friendly packages range from 10 oz. to 64 oz.

 

 

Everfresh Premier Varietals™, a unique theme from Everfresh, is positioned as a stand-alone brand for display in the produce section of supermarkets. Everfresh Premier Varietals is a premium line of 100% natural apple juice derived from a variety of apples specific to the taste of the varietal, such as Granny Smith, McIntosh, Honey Crisp, Golden Delicious, Fuji and Pink Lady. Premier Varietals are packaged in award-winning 12 oz. glass bottles with decorative tamper-evident neck seals.

 

Mr. Pure® juice drinks are marketed in a variety of flavors, from classics like Apple, Orange and Grapefruit to unique flavors such as Peach Watermelon, Grape Cranberry and Island Punch. Mr. Pure is distributed in the Midwest primarily in 16 oz. glass bottles designed for single-serve consumption.

 

Rip It

Rip It® energy fuel is the flavor innovator in the growing energy category with unique flavors, including six that are sugar-free, bringing variety and value to the widening consumer base. Rip It “Tribute” themed energy is a successful military inspired addition to the lineup that now includes its latest offering, Tribute Cherry Lime. Building on the flavor tradition of original Rip It, a 2 oz. sugar free shot version in seven flavors is marketed through our distribution system in multiple displayable package configurations.

 

 

Carbonated Soft Drinks

 

 

More than 125 years old, Shasta is recognized as a bottling industry pioneer and innovator. Shasta features multiple flavors, including products targeted to the growing Hispanic and other ethnic markets, and continues to earn consumer loyalty by delivering value, convenience and such unique tastes as California Dreamin’, Very Cherry Twist and Fiesta Punch.

 

More than 100 years old, Faygo products are primarily distributed east of the Mississippi River and include numerous unique flavors including Red Pop®, Moon Mist®, and Rock’n’Rye®. We also produce and market Ritz® soft drinks and seltzers, primarily in the southeastern U.S., distribute Big Shot® in New Orleans and surrounding areas, and offer St. Nick’s® soft drinks during the holiday season. During recent years, we reformulated many of our brands to reduce the caloric content while still preserving their time-tested flavor profiles.

 

 
5

 

 

Although typical cola drinks account for approximately 48% of the soft drink industry’s domestic grocery channel volume, colas account for less than 15% of our total volume. We tailor our marketing and promotion programs by locale; many of our carbonated soft drink brands enjoy a regional identification that fosters long-term consumer loyalty and make them less vulnerable to competitive substitution. In addition, products produced locally often generate more aggressive retailer-sponsored promotional activities and receive media exposure through community activities rather than costly national advertising.

 

 

Our brands, optically and ingredient-wise, are always a work in process. We are continually striving to make all our soft drinks healthier beverages while still maintaining their iconic taste profiles. As often as innovation develops, we endeavor to significantly improve our products, always seeking quality and authenticity over cost.

 

PRODUCTION

 

We employ a philosophy that emphasizes vertical integration; our production model integrates the procurement of raw materials and crafting of concentrates with the production of finished products. Our twelve strategically located production facilities are near major metropolitan markets across the continental United States. The locations of our facilities enable us to efficiently produce and distribute beverages to substantially all geographic markets in the United States, including the top 25 metropolitan statistical areas. Each facility is generally equipped to produce both canned and bottled beverage products in a variety of package sizes. We utilize numerous package types and sizes, including cans ranging from eight to sixteen ounces and bottles ranging from ten ounces to three liters.

 

We believe that the innovative and controlled vertical integration of our bottling facilities provides an advantage over certain of our competitors that rely upon independent third party bottlers to manufacture and market their products. Since we control the national production, distribution and marketing of our brands, we believe we can more effectively manage product quality and customer service and respond quickly to changing market conditions.

 

We produce a substantial portion of the flavor concentrates used in our branded products. By controlling our own formulas throughout our bottling network, we can craft our products in accordance with uniform quality standards while tailoring flavors to regional taste preferences. We believe that the combination of a Company-owned bottling network, together with uniform standards for packaging, formulations and customer service, provides us with a strategic advantage in servicing national retailers and mass-merchandisers. We also maintain research and development laboratories at multiple locations. These laboratories continually test products for compliance with our strict quality control standards as well as conduct research for new products and flavors.

 

DISTRIBUTION

 

To service a diverse customer base that includes numerous national retailers, as well as thousands of smaller “up-and-down-the-street” accounts, we utilize a hybrid distribution system to deliver our products through three primary distribution channels: take-home, convenience and food-service.

 

The take-home distribution channel consists of national and regional grocery stores, warehouse clubs, mass-merchandisers, wholesalers and dollar stores. We distribute our products to this channel through the warehouse distribution system and the direct-store delivery system. Under the warehouse distribution system, products are shipped from our production facilities to the retailer’s centralized distribution centers and then distributed by the retailer to each of its outlet locations with other goods. Products sold through the direct-store delivery system are distributed directly to the customer’s retail outlets by our direct-store delivery fleet and by independent distributors.

 

We distribute our products to the convenience channel through our own direct-store delivery fleet and those of independent distributors. The convenience channel consists of convenience stores, gas stations and other smaller “up-and-down-the-street” accounts. Because of the higher retail prices and margins that typically prevail, we have undertaken several measures to expand convenience channel distribution. These include development of products, packaging and graphics specifically targeted to this market.

 

 
6

 

  

Our food-service division distributes products to independent, specialized distributors who sell to hospitals, schools, military bases, airlines, hotels and food-service wholesalers. Also, our Company-owned direct-store delivery fleet distributes products to certain schools and other food-service customers.

 

Our take-home, convenience and food-service operations use vending machines and glass-door coolers as marketing and promotional tools for our brands. We provide vending machines and coolers on a placement or purchase basis to our customers. We believe vending and cooler equipment increases beverage sales, enhances brand awareness and develops brand loyalty.

 

SALES AND MARKETING

 

We sell and market our products through an internal sales force as well as specialized broker networks. Our sales force is organized to serve a specific market, focusing on one or more geographic territories, distribution channels or product lines. We believe this focus allows our sales group to provide high level, responsive service and support to our customers and markets.

 

The emphasis of our sales and marketing programs is to maintain and enhance consumer brand recognition and loyalty, typically through a combination of regional advertising, special event marketing, endorsements, sponsorships and social media, along with consumer coupon distribution and product sampling. We retain agencies to assist with social media engagement and advertising programs for our brands. Additionally, we offer numerous promotional programs to retail customers, including cooperative advertising support, in-store advertising materials and other incentives. These elements allow tailored marketing and advertising programs to meet local and regional economic conditions and demographics. Additionally, we sponsor special holiday promotions which feature St. Nick’s soft drinks and special holiday flavors and packaging.

 

In recent years, we’ve expanded our programs to reach consumers directly through innovative digital marketing, social media engagement and content creation. We are focused on increasing our digital presence and capabilities to further enhance the consumer experience across our brands.

 

Raw Materials

 

Our centralized procurement group maintains relationships with numerous suppliers of raw materials and packaging goods. By consolidating the purchasing function for our production facilities, we believe we are able to procure more competitive arrangements with our suppliers, thereby enhancing our ability to compete as a low-cost producer of beverages.

 

The products we produce and sell are made from various materials including sweeteners, juice and flavor concentrates, carbon dioxide, water, glass and plastic bottles, aluminum cans, paper, cartons and closures. Most of our low-calorie soft drink products use sucralose, aspartame, stevia or acesulfame potassium. We craft a substantial portion of our flavor concentrates and purchase remaining raw materials from multiple suppliers.

 

Substantially all of the materials and ingredients we purchase are presently available from several suppliers, although strikes, weather conditions, utility shortages, governmental control or regulations, national emergencies, quality, price or supply fluctuations or other events outside our control could adversely affect the supply of specific materials. A significant portion of our raw material purchases, including aluminum cans, plastic bottles, high fructose corn syrup, corrugated packaging and juice concentrates, are derived from commodities. Therefore, pricing and availability tend to fluctuate based upon worldwide commodity market conditions. Our ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing may be limited by the competitive environment in which we operate. In certain cases, we may elect to enter into multi-year agreements for the supply of these materials with one or more suppliers, the terms of which may include variable or fixed pricing, minimum purchase quantities and/or the requirement to purchase all supplies for specified locations. Additionally, we use derivative financial instruments to partially mitigate our exposure to changes in certain raw material costs.

 

 
7

 

 

Seasonality

 

The majority of our sales are seasonal with the highest volume typically realized during the summer and warmer months. Additionally, our sales can be influenced by weather conditions.

 

Competition

 

The beverage industry is highly competitive and our competitive position varies in each of our market areas. Our products compete with many varieties of liquid refreshment, including soft drinks, water products, juices, fruit drinks, powdered drinks, coffees, teas, energy drinks, sports drinks, dairy-based drinks, functional beverages and various other nonalcoholic beverages. We compete with bottlers and distributors of national, regional and private label products. Several competitors, including the two that dominate the soft drink industry, PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company, have greater financial resources than we have and aggressive promotion of their products can adversely affect sales of our brands. Principal methods of competition in the beverage industry are price and promotional activity, advertising and marketing programs, point-of-sale merchandising, retail space management, customer service, product differentiation, packaging innovations and distribution methods. We believe our Company differentiates itself through a diversified product portfolio, strong brand recognition, innovative flavor variety, attractive packaging, efficient distribution methods, focused advertising and social media, and, for some product lines, value pricing.

  

Trademarks

 

We own numerous trademarks for our brands that are significant to our business. We intend to continue to maintain all registrations of our significant trademarks and use the trademarks in the operation of our businesses.

 

Governmental Regulation

 

The production, distribution and sale of our products in the United States are subject to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act; the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994; the Occupational Safety and Health Act; the Lanham Act; various environmental statutes; and various other federal, state and local statutes regulating the production, transportation, sale, safety, advertising, labeling and ingredients of such products. We believe that we are in compliance, in all material respects, with such existing legislation.

 

Certain states and localities require a deposit or tax on the sale of certain beverages. These requirements vary by each jurisdiction. Similar legislation has been proposed in certain other states and localities, as well as by Congress. We are unable to predict whether such legislation will be enacted or what impact its enactment would have on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

 
8

 

  

All of our facilities in the United States are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. Compliance with these provisions has not had any material adverse effect on our financial or competitive position. We believe that our current practices and procedures for the control and disposition of toxic or hazardous substances comply in all material respects with applicable law. Compliance with or violation of any current or future regulations and legislation could require material expenditures or have a material adverse effect on our financial results.

 

Employees

 

As of April 30, 2016, we employed approximately 1,200 people, of which approximately 300 are covered by collective bargaining agreements. We believe that relations with our employees are generally good.

   

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and amendments to those reports are available free of charge on our website at www.nationalbeverage.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, our Code of Ethics is available on our website. The information on the Company’s website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other report that we file with, or furnish to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

  

 
9

 

  

ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the following risk factors should be considered carefully in evaluating the Company’s business. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected by any of these risks. Additional risks and uncertainties, including risks and uncertainties not presently known to the Company, or that the Company currently deems immaterial, may also impair our business and results of operations.

 

Changes in consumer preferences and taste. There has been an increasing focus on health and wellness by beverage consumers, which may reduce demand for caloric carbonated soft drinks and increase the consumption of products perceived to deliver health, wellness and/or functionality. If we do not adequately anticipate and react to changing demographics, consumer trends, health concerns and product preferences, our financial results could be adversely affected.

 

Competition. The beverage industry is extremely competitive. Our products compete with a broad range of beverage products, most of which are manufactured and distributed by companies with substantially greater financial, marketing and distribution resources. In order to generate future revenues and profits, we must continue to sell products that appeal to our customers and consumers. Discounting and other actions by our competitors may make it more difficult to sustain revenues and profits.

 

Customer relationships. Our retail customer base has been consolidating over the last several years resulting in fewer customers with increased purchasing power. This increased purchasing power can limit our ability to increase pricing for our products with certain of our customers. Our inability to meet the demands of our larger customers could lead to a loss of business and adversely affect our financial results.

 

Raw materials and energy. The production of our products is dependent on certain raw materials, including aluminum, resin, corn, linerboard, water and fruit juice. In addition, the production and distribution of our products is dependent on energy sources, including natural gas, fuel and electricity. These items are subject to price volatility caused by numerous factors. Commodity price increases ultimately result in a corresponding increase in the cost of raw materials and energy. We may be limited in our ability to pass these increases on to our customers or may incur a loss in sales volume to the extent price increases are taken. In addition, strikes, weather conditions, governmental controls, national emergencies, natural disasters, supply shortages or other events could affect our continued supply of raw materials and energy. If raw materials or energy costs increase, or the availability is limited, our financial results could be adversely affected.

 

Governmental regulation. Our business and properties are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations, including those governing the production, packaging, quality, labeling and distribution of beverage products. In addition, various governmental agencies have enacted or considered imposing additional taxes on soft drinks and other sweetened beverages. Changes in existing laws or regulations could negatively affect our financial results through lower sales or higher costs.

 

Sustained increases in the cost of employee benefits. Our profitability is affected by the cost of medical and retirement benefits provided to employees, including employees covered under collective bargaining agreements and multi-employer pension plans. In recent years, we have experienced increases in these costs as a result of certain factors beyond our control. Although we seek to limit these cost increases, continued upward pressure in these costs could reduce our profitability.

 

 
10

 

 

Unfavorable weather conditions. Unfavorable weather conditions could have an adverse impact on our revenue and profitability. Unusually cold or rainy weather may temporarily reduce demand for our products and contribute to lower sales, which could adversely affect our profitability for such periods. Prolonged drought conditions in the geographic regions in which we do business could lead to restrictions on the use of water, which could adversely affect our ability to produce and distribute products.

 

Dependence on key personnel. Our performance significantly depends upon the continued contributions of our executive officers and key employees, both individually and as a group, and our ability to retain and motivate them. Our officers and key personnel have many years of experience with us and in our industry and it may be difficult to replace them. If we lose key personnel or are unable to recruit qualified personnel, our operations and ability to manage our business may be adversely affected.

  

ITEM 1B.     UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

  

ITEM 2.     PROPERTIES

 

Our principal properties include twelve production facilities located in ten states, which aggregate approximately two million square feet. We own ten production facilities in the following states: California (2), Georgia, Kansas, Michigan (2), Ohio, Texas, Utah and Washington. Two production facilities, located in Maryland and Florida, are leased subject to agreements that expire through 2020. We believe our facilities are generally in good condition and sufficient to meet our present needs.

 

The production of beverages is capital intensive but is not characterized by rapid technological change. The technological advances that have occurred have generally been of an incremental cost-saving nature, such as the industry’s conversion to lighter weight containers or improved blending processes that enhance ingredient yields. We are not aware of any anticipated industry-wide changes in technology that would adversely impact our current physical production capacity or cost of production.

 

We own and lease trucks, vans and automobiles used in the sale, delivery and distribution of our products. In addition, we lease office and warehouse space, transportation equipment, office equipment and certain manufacturing equipment.

  

ITEM 3.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we are a party to various litigation matters and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. We do not expect the ultimate disposition of such matters to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

  

ITEM 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

 
11

 

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

The common stock of National Beverage Corp., par value $.01 per share, (“Common Stock”) is listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “FIZZ”. The following table shows the range of high and low prices per share of the Common Stock for the fiscal quarters indicated:

   

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

April 30, 2016

   

May 2, 2015

 
   

High

   

Low

   

High

   

Low

 

First Quarter

  $ 24.94     $ 19.98     $ 19.97     $ 15.42  

Second Quarter

    38.91       23.05       25.50       17.58  

Third Quarter

    48.01       35.50       27.32       21.00  

Fourth Quarter

    47.00       32.35       25.00       21.00  

 

At July 7, 2016 there were approximately 14,000 holders of our Common Stock, the majority of which hold their shares in the names of various dealers and/or clearing agencies.

 

The Company paid special cash dividends on Common Stock of $118.1 million ($2.55 per share) on December 27, 2012.

 

In April 2012, the Board of Directors authorized an increase in the Company’s Stock Buyback Program from 800,000 to 1.6 million shares of Common Stock. As of April 30, 2016, 502,060 shares were purchased under the program and 1,097,940 shares were available for purchase. There were no shares of Common Stock purchased during the last three fiscal years.

 

On January 25, 2013, the Company sold 400,000 shares of Special Series D Preferred Stock, par value $1 per share (“Series D Preferred”) for an aggregate purchase price of $20 million. Series D Preferred had a liquidation preference of $50 per share and dividends were accrued on this amount at an annual rate of 3% through April 30, 2014 and, thereafter, at an annual rate equal to 370 basis points above the 3-Month LIBOR. Dividends were cumulative and payable quarterly. The net proceeds of $19.7 million were used to repay borrowings under the Credit Facilities. The Series D Preferred was issued by the Company pursuant to the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

On May 2, 2014, the Company redeemed 160,000 shares of Series D Preferred for an aggregate price of $8 million plus accrued dividends. In conjunction with the partial redemption, the annual dividend rate on the outstanding Series D Preferred was reduced to 2.5% for the twelve-month period beginning May 1, 2014. On May 1, 2015, the Company and the holders of the Series D Preferred agreed to extend the 2.5% annual dividend rate on the outstanding Series D Preferred through April 30, 2016.

 

On August 1, 2014, the Company redeemed an additional 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred for an aggregate price of $6 million plus accrued dividends. The final redemption of the remaining 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred was made on April 29, 2016 for an aggregate price of $6 million plus accrued dividends.

 

 
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Performance Graph

 

The following graph shows a comparison of the five-year cumulative returns of an investment of $100 cash on April 30, 2011, assuming reinvestment of dividends, in (i) Common Stock, (ii) the NASDAQ Composite Index and (iii) a Company-constructed peer group consisting of Coca-Cola Bottling Company Consolidated and Cott Corporation. Based on the cumulative total return below, an investment in our Common Stock on April 30, 2011 provided a compounded annual return of approximately 31.5% as of April 30, 2016.

 

    

   

4/30/11

   

4/28/12

   

4/27/13

   

5/3/14

   

5/2/15

   

4/30/16

 

National Beverage Corp.

  $ 100.00     $ 105.46     $ 122.59     $ 161.64     $ 188.65     $ 393.28  

NASDAQ Composite

    100.00       107.92       116.89       148.92       182.88       176.59  

Peer Group

    100.00       81.90       110.40       107.78       133.63       196.56  

 

 
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ITEM 6.     SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with "Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in "Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

(In thousands, except per share and footnote amounts)

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

April 30,

   

May 2,

   

May 3,

   

April 27,

   

April 28,

 
   

2016

   

2015

    2014 (3)     2013     2012  

SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS:

                                       

Net sales

  $ 704,785     $ 645,825     $ 641,135     $ 662,007     $ 628,886  

Cost of sales

    463,348       426,685       423,480       444,757       415,629  

Gross profit

    241,437       219,140       217,655       217,250       213,257  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    148,384       145,157       153,220       146,223       146,169  

Interest expense

    203       371       660       403       107  

Other expense (income) - net

    145       (1,101 )     666       173       85  

Income before income taxes

    92,705       74,713       63,109       70,451       66,896  

Provision for income taxes

    31,507       25,402       19,474       23,531       22,903  

Net income

  $ 61,198     $ 49,311     $ 43,635     $ 46,920     $ 43,993  
                                         

PER SHARE DATA:

                                       

Basic earnings per common share (1)

  $ 1.31     $ 1.06     $ .93     $ 1.01     $ .95  

Diluted earnings per common share (1)

    1.31       1.05       .92       1.01       .95  

Closing stock price

    46.74       22.42       19.21       14.57       14.68  

Dividends paid on common stock (2)

    -       -       -       2.55       -  
                                         

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

                                       

Cash and equivalents (2)

  $ 105,577     $ 52,456     $ 29,932     $ 18,267     $ 35,626  

Working capital (2)

    148,057       101,478       78,618       67,504       69,818  

Property, plant and equipment - net

    61,932       60,182       59,494       57,307       56,729  

Total assets (2)

    305,498       247,750       222,841       208,642       222,988  

Long-term debt

    -       10,000       30,000       50,000       -  

Deferred income tax liability

    14,474       15,245       13,873       14,327       14,214  

Shareholders' equity (2)

    206,152       147,782       106,201       70,316       121,636  

Dividends paid on common stock (2)

    -       -       -       118,139       -  

 

(1)

Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share includes the dilutive effect of stock options.

(2)

In Fiscal 2013, the Company paid special cash dividends on Common Stock of $118.1 million ($2.55 per share).

(3)

Fiscal 2014 consisted of 53 weeks.

 

 
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ITEM 7.     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

OVERVIEW

 

National Beverage Corp. proudly refreshes America with a distinctive portfolio of Sparkling Waters, Juices, Energy Drinks and Carbonated Soft Drinks. We believe that our ingenious product designs, innovative packaging and imaginative flavors, along with our corporate culture and philosophy, makes National Beverage unique in the beverage industry. The Company’s primary market focus is the United States, but our products are also distributed in various other countries. National Beverage Corp. was incorporated in Delaware in 1985 and began trading as a public company on the NASDAQ Stock Market in 1991. In this report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Company” and “National Beverage” mean National Beverage Corp. and its subsidiaries unless indicated otherwise.

 

National Beverage is in an ongoing transition to meet the healthy hydration demands of the American consumer. Health and wellness awareness has increased significantly, resulting in growing demand for beverages with little or no calories and wholesome natural ingredients. Our brands emphasize distinctly-flavored beverages in attractive packaging that appeal to multiple demographic groups. The attentive, conscious and discriminating consumer is ever more alert to healthy choices and better-for-you ingredients that align to this transition and strategic focus.

 

Our brands consist of (i) beverages geared to the active and health-conscious consumer (“Power+ Brands”) including sparkling waters, energy drinks, and juices, and (ii) Carbonated Soft Drinks in a variety of flavors including regular, sugar-free and reduced calorie options. To a lesser extent, we produce carbonated soft drinks for specific retailers (“Allied Brands”) that endorse a strategic alliance concept of joint marketing to support growth of both brands. Our portfolio of Power+ Brands includes LaCroix®, LaCroix Cúrate™, LaCroix NiCola™ and Shasta® sparkling water products; Rip It® energy drinks and shots; and Everfresh®, Everfresh Premier Varietals™ and Mr. Pure® 100% juice and juice-based products. Our Carbonated Soft Drinks portfolio includes Shasta® and Faygo®, iconic brands whose flavor development spans more than 125 years.

 

To service a diverse customer base that includes numerous national retailers, as well as thousands of smaller “up-and-down-the-street” accounts, we utilize a hybrid distribution system to deliver our products primarily through the take-home, convenience and food-service channels.

 

Our strategy emphasizes the growth of our products by (i) developing healthier beverages in response to the global shift in consumer buying habits and tailoring the variety and types of beverages in our portfolio to satisfy the preferences of a diverse mix of ‘crossover consumers’ – a growing group desiring a change to better-for-you beverages; (ii) emphasizing flavor development and variety throughout our product lines and brands; (iii) producing and developing products of the highest quality that also appeal to the value expectations of the consumer; (iv) leveraging our efficient production and distribution systems, and our cost-effective social media and regionally focused marketing programs, to profitably deliver products at optimal consumer price-points; and (v) responding faster and more creatively to consumer trends than competitors who are burdened by production and distribution complexity as well as legacy costs.

  

 
15

 

 

The majority of our sales are seasonal with the highest volume typically realized during the summer and warmer months. As a result, our operating results from one fiscal quarter to the next may not be comparable. Additionally, our operating results are affected by numerous factors, including fluctuations in the costs of raw materials, changes in consumer preference for beverage products, competitive pricing in the marketplace and weather conditions.

   

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Net Sales

Net sales for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 (“Fiscal 2016”) increased 9.1% to $704.8 million compared to $645.8 million for the fiscal year ended May 2, 2015 (“Fiscal 2015”). The higher sales resulted from a 9.0% increase in case volume and a slight increase in average selling price. The volume increase includes 31.4% growth of our Power+ Brands, partially offset by a decline in branded carbonated soft drinks and Allied Brands.

 

Net sales for Fiscal 2015 increased .7% to $645.8 million compared to $641.1 million for the fiscal year ended May 3, 2014 (“Fiscal 2014”). The higher sales resulted from a 1.1% increase in case volume partially offset by a .4% decline in average selling price. The increase in case volume reflects a 2.9% increase in branded volume, including a 15.3% case volume growth for our Power+ Brands, partially offset by a decline in Allied Brands. The decline in average selling price is related to changes in product mix.

 

Gross Profit

Gross profit for Fiscal 2016 increased 10.2% to $241.4 million compared to $219.1 million for Fiscal 2015. The increase in gross profit is primarily due to higher sales and a decline in cost of sales per case of .4%. The decrease in cost of sales per case was due to favorable product mix changes and lower raw material costs. As a result, gross margin improved to 34.3%.    

 

Gross profit was 33.9% of net sales for Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014. Cost of sales per unit declined .3% primarily due to product mix changes.

 

Shipping and handling costs are included in selling, general and administrative expenses, the classification of which is consistent with many beverage companies. However, our gross margin may not be comparable to companies that include shipping and handling costs in cost of sales. See Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $148.4 million or 21.1% of net sales for Fiscal 2016 compared to $145.2 million or 22.5% of net sales for Fiscal 2015. Fiscal 2016 expenses reflect higher distribution, selling and other volume related costs, partially offset by lower marketing costs.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $145.2 million or 22.5% of net sales for Fiscal 2015 compared to $153.2 million or 23.9% of net sales for Fiscal 2014. Fiscal 2015 expenses reflect lower selling and marketing costs.

 

Interest Expense and Other Expense (Income) - Net

Interest expense is comprised of interest on borrowings and fees related to maintaining lines of credit.    Due to repayments on borrowings, interest expense decreased to $203,000 in Fiscal 2016 from $371,000 in Fiscal 2015 and $660,000 in Fiscal 2014. Other expense is net of interest income of $107,000 for Fiscal 2016, $30,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $15,000 for Fiscal 2014. The change in interest income is due to changes in average invested balances. Other income for Fiscal 2015 includes a $1.3 million gain on sale of property.

 

 
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Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 34% for Fiscal 2016, 34% for Fiscal 2015 and 30.9% for Fiscal 2014. The difference between the effective rate and the federal statutory rate of 35% was primarily due to the effects of state income taxes, the domestic manufacturing deduction and, for Fiscal 2014, adjustment of unrecognized tax benefits related to the resolution of certain open tax years. See Note 7 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

  

LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal source of funds is cash generated from operations and borrowings available under our credit facilities. At April 30, 2016, we maintained $100 million unsecured revolving credit facilities, no borrowings were outstanding and $2.2 million was reserved for standby letters of credit. We believe that existing capital resources will be sufficient to meet our liquidity and capital requirements for the next twelve months. See Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

We continually evaluate capital projects to expand our production capacity, enhance packaging capabilities or improve efficiencies at our production facilities. Expenditures for property, plant and equipment amounted to $12.1 million for Fiscal 2016. The Company expects to increase capital expenditures in Fiscal 2017 to support volume growth.

 

On January 25, 2013, the Company sold 400,000 shares of Special Series D Preferred Stock (“Series D Preferred”), par value $1 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $20 million. On May 2, 2014, the Company redeemed 160,000 shares of Series D Preferred, representing 40% of the amount outstanding, for an aggregate price of $8 million. On August 1, 2014, The Company redeemed 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred, representing 50% of the amount outstanding, for an aggregate price of $6 million. On April 29, 2016, the Company redeemed 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred, representing the remaining shares outstanding, for an aggregate price of $6 million. See Note 5 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Pursuant to a management agreement, we incurred a fee to Corporate Management Advisors, Inc. (“CMA”) of $7.0 million for Fiscal 2016, $6.5 million for Fiscal 2015 and $6.4 million for Fiscal 2014. At April 30, 2016, management fees payable to CMA were $1.8 million. See Note 5 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Cash Flows

During Fiscal 2016, $79.0 million was provided by operating activities, $12.0 million was used in investing activities and $13.8 million was used in financing activities. Cash provided by operating activities increased $20.9 million primarily due to increased earnings and favorable changes in working capital. Cash used in investing activities increased $2.3 million reflecting higher capital expenditures and lower proceeds from the sale of property. Cash used in financing activities was $13.8 million which included a $6 million redemption of preferred stock and $10 million in principal repayments under credit facilities.

 

 
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During Fiscal 2015, $58.0 million was provided by operating activities, $9.7 million was used in investing activities and $25.8 million was used in financing activities. Cash provided by operating activities increased $5.6 million primarily due to increased earnings. Cash used in investing activities decreased $2.3 million reflecting lower capital expenditures and proceeds of $1.9 from the sale of property. Cash used in financing activities was $25.8 million which included a $6 million redemption of preferred stock and $20 million in principal repayments under credit facilities.

 

Financial Position

During Fiscal 2016, our working capital increased to $148.1 million from $101.5 million at May 2, 2015. The increase in working capital resulted from higher cash, trade receivables and inventory, partially offset by higher accounts payable and accrued liabilities. Trade receivables increased $1.1 million due to higher sales activity while days sales outstanding improved to 31.0 days from 33.1 days. Inventories increased $5.0 million as a result of the Company maintaining higher finished goods levels to support increases in sales and new product introductions. Annual inventory turns decreased to 9.5 from 10.2 times. At April 30, 2016, the current ratio was 3.0 to 1 compared to 2.5 to 1 at May 2, 2015.

 

During Fiscal 2015, our working capital increased $22.9 million to $101.5 million primarily due to cash generated from operating activities. Trade receivables increased $1.7 million due to higher sales activity and days sales outstanding improved to 33.1 days from 34.7 days. Inventories decreased $1.0 million and annual inventory turns improved to 10.2 from 9.4 times. At May 2, 2015, the current ratio was 2.5 to 1 compared to 2.2 to 1 at May 3, 2014.

 

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

 

Contractual obligations at April 30, 2016 are payable as follows:

 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Total

   

Less Than 1 Year

   

1 to 3 Years

   

3 to 5 Years

   

More Than 5 Years

 

Operating leases

  $ 26,033     $ 6,376     $ 10,034     $ 6,205     $ 3,418  

Purchase commitments

    50,553       50,553       -       -       -  

Total

  $ 76,586     $ 56,929     $ 10,034     $ 6,205     $ 3,418  

 

As of April 30, 2016, we guaranteed the residual value of certain leased equipment in the amount of $4.4 million. If the proceeds from the sale of such equipment are less than the balance required by the lease when the lease terminates on August 1, 2017, the Company shall be required to pay the difference up to such guaranteed amount. The Company expects to have no loss on such guarantee.

 

We contribute to certain pension plans under collective bargaining agreements and to a discretionary profit sharing plan. Total contributions were $2.9 million for Fiscal 2016, $2.7 million for Fiscal 2015 and $2.7 million for Fiscal 2014. See Note 9 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

We maintain self-insured and deductible programs for certain liability, medical and workers’ compensation exposures. Other long-term liabilities include known claims and estimated incurred but not reported claims not otherwise covered by insurance, based on actuarial assumptions and historical claims experience. Since the timing and amount of claim payments vary significantly, we are not able to reasonably estimate future payments for specific periods and therefore such payments have not been included in the table above. Standby letters of credit aggregating $2.2 million have been issued in connection with our self-insurance programs. These standby letters of credit expire through March 2017 and are expected to be renewed.

 

 
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OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions it may undertake in the future, they may ultimately differ from actual results. We believe that the critical accounting policies described in the following paragraphs comprise the most significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. For these policies, we caution that future events rarely develop exactly as estimated and the best estimates routinely require adjustment.

 

Credit Risk

We sell products to a variety of customers and extend credit based on an evaluation of each customer’s financial condition, generally without requiring collateral. Exposure to credit losses varies by customer principally due to the financial condition of each customer. We monitor our exposure to credit losses and maintain allowances for anticipated losses based on specific customer circumstances, credit conditions and historical write-offs.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

All long-lived assets, excluding goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization, are evaluated for impairment on the basis of undiscounted cash flows whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. An impaired asset is written down to its estimated fair market value based on the best information available. Estimated fair market value is generally measured by discounting future cash flows. Goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment annually or sooner if we believe such assets may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount or, for goodwill, the carrying amount of its reporting unit, is greater than its fair value.

 

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate is based on estimates of taxes which will ultimately be payable. Deferred taxes are recorded to give recognition to temporary differences between the tax bases of assets or liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. Valuation allowances are established to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets when it is deemed, more likely than not, that the benefit of deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

 
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Insurance Programs

We maintain self-insured and deductible programs for certain liability, medical and workers’ compensation exposures. Accordingly, we accrue for known claims and estimated incurred but not reported claims not otherwise covered by insurance based on actuarial assumptions and historical claims experience.

 

Sales Incentives

We offer various sales incentive arrangements to our customers that require customer performance or achievement of certain sales volume targets. When the incentive is paid in advance, we amortize the amount paid over the period of benefit or contractual sales volume; otherwise, we accrue the expected amount to be paid over the period of benefit or expected sales volume. The recognition of these incentives involves the use of judgment related to performance and sales volume estimates that are made based on historical experience and other factors. Sales incentives are accounted for as a reduction of sales and actual amounts ultimately realized may vary from accrued amounts.

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

National Beverage and its representatives may make written or oral statements relating to future events or results relative to our financial, operational and business performance, achievements, objectives and strategies. These statements are "forward-looking" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include statements contained in this report and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and in reports to our stockholders. Certain statements including, without limitation, statements containing the words "believes," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "expects," and "estimates" constitute "forward-looking statements" and involve known and unknown risk, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of our Company to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following: general economic and business conditions, pricing of competitive products, success of new product and flavor introductions, fluctuations in the costs of raw materials and packaging supplies, ability to pass along cost increases to our customers, labor strikes or work stoppages or other interruptions in the employment of labor, continued retailer support for our products, changes in consumer preferences and our success in creating products geared toward consumers’ tastes, success in implementing business strategies, changes in business strategy or development plans, government regulations, taxes or fees imposed on the sale of our products, unfavorable weather conditions and other factors referenced in this report, filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and other reports to our stockholders. We disclaim an obligation to update any such factors or to publicly announce the results of any revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future events or developments.

  

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Commodities

We purchase various raw materials, including aluminum cans, plastic bottles, high fructose corn syrup, corrugated packaging and juice concentrates, the prices of which fluctuate based on commodity market conditions. Our ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing may be limited by the competitive environment in which we operate. At times, we manage our exposure to this risk through the use of supplier pricing agreements that enable us to establish all, or a portion of, the purchase prices for certain raw materials. Additionally, we use derivative financial instruments to partially mitigate our exposure to changes in certain raw material costs.

 

 
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Interest Rates

During Fiscal 2016, the Company repaid $10 million in borrowings under its credit facilities. At April 30, 2016, the Company had no borrowings outstanding. Interest rate hedging products are not used to mitigate risk from interest fluctuations. If the interest rate on our debt changed by 100 basis points (1%), our interest expense for Fiscal 2016 would have changed by approximately $50,000.

 

 
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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share data)

 

   

April 30,

   

May 2,

 
   

2016

   

2015

 

Assets

               

Current assets:

               
Cash and equivalents   $ 105,577     $ 52,456  
Trade receivables - net     61,046       59,951  
Inventories     47,922       42,924  
Deferred income taxes - net     4,454       4,348  
Prepaid and other assets     4,672       8,050  
Total current assets     223,671       167,729  

Property, plant and equipment - net

    61,932       60,182  

Goodwill

    13,145       13,145  

Intangible assets

    1,615       1,615  

Other assets

    5,135       5,079  

Total assets

  $ 305,498     $ 247,750  
                 

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

               

Current liabilities:

               
Accounts payable   $ 49,391     $ 44,896  
Accrued liabilities     26,195       21,257  
Income taxes payable     28       98  
Total current liabilities     75,614       66,251  

Long-term debt

    -       10,000  

Deferred income taxes - net

    14,474       15,245  

Other liabilities

    9,258       8,472  

Shareholders' equity:

               
Preferred stock, $1 par value - 1,000,000 shares authorized                
Series C - 150,000 shares issued     150       150  
Series D - 120,000 shares issued (2015), aggregate liquidation preference of $6,000 (2015)     -       120  
Common stock, $.01 par value - 75,000,000 shares authorized;                
50,588,734 shares (2016) and 50,418,019 shares (2015) issued     506       504  

Additional paid-in capital

    34,570       37,759  

Retained earnings

    190,733       129,773  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (1,807 )     (2,524 )

Treasury stock - at cost:

               
Series C preferred stock - 150,000 shares     (5,100 )     (5,100 )
Common stock - 4,032,784 shares     (12,900 )     (12,900 )

Total shareholders' equity

    206,152       147,782  

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

  $ 305,498     $ 247,750  

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
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NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

April 30,

   

May 2,

   

May 3,

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 
                         

Net sales

  $ 704,785     $ 645,825     $ 641,135  
                         

Cost of sales

    463,348       426,685       423,480  
                         

Gross profit

    241,437       219,140       217,655  
                         

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    148,384       145,157       153,220  
                         

Interest expense

    203       371       660  
                         

Other expense (income) - net

    145       (1,101 )     666  
                         

Income before income taxes

    92,705       74,713       63,109  
                         

Provision for income taxes

    31,507       25,402       19,474  
                         

Net income

    61,198       49,311       43,635  
                         

Less preferred dividends and accretion

    (238 )     (275 )     (726 )
                         

Earnings available to common shareholders

  $ 60,960     $ 49,036     $ 42,909  
                         

Earnings per common share:

                       

Basic

  $ 1.31     $ 1.06     $ .93  

Diluted

  $ 1.31     $ 1.05     $ .92  
                         

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

                       

Basic

    46,452       46,353       46,331  

Diluted

    46,671       46,559       46,519  

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
23

 

  

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

April 30,

   

May 2,

   

May 3,

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 
                         

Net income

  $ 61,198     $ 49,311     $ 43,635  
                         

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

                       
                         
Cash flow hedges     783       (2,350 )     610  
                         
Other     (66 )     31       149  
                         
Total     717       (2,319 )     759  
                         

Comprehensive income

  $ 61,915     $ 46,992     $ 44,394  

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
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NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(In thousands)

 

    Fiscal Year Ended  
    April 30, 2016     May 2, 2015     May 3, 2014  
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Shares

   

Amount

 
                                                 

Series C Preferred Stock

                                               

Beginning and end of year

    150     $ 150       150     $ 150       150     $ 150  

Series D Preferred Stock

                                               

Beginning of year

    120       120       240       240       400       400  

Series D preferred redeemed

    (120 )     (120 )     (120 )     (120 )     (160 )     (160 )

End of year

    -       -       120       120       240       240  

Common Stock

                                               

Beginning of year

    50,418       504       50,368       504       50,362       504  

Stock options exercised

    171       2       50       -       6       -  

End of year

    50,589       506       50,418       504       50,368       504  

Additional Paid-In Capital

                                               

Beginning of year

            37,759               42,775               50,398  

Series D preferred redeemed

            (5,791 )             (5,791 )             (7,722 )

Stock options exercised

            846               228               47  

Stock-based compensation

            228               307               95  

Stock-based tax benefits

            1,528               240               17  

Other

            -               -               (60 )

End of year

            34,570               37,759               42,775  

Retained Earnings

                                               

Beginning of year

            129,773               80,737               37,828  

Net income

            61,198               49,311               43,635  

Preferred stock dividends & accretion

            (238 )             (275 )             (726 )

End of year

            190,733               129,773               80,737  

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

                                               

Beginning of year

            (2,524 )             (205 )             (964 )

Cash flow hedges

            783               (2,350 )             610  

Other

            (66 )             31               149  

End of year

            (1,807 )             (2,524 )             (205 )

Treasury Stock - Series C Preferred

                                               

Beginning and end of year

    150       (5,100 )     150       (5,100 )     150       (5,100 )

Treasury Stock - Common

                                               

Beginning and end of year

    4,033       (12,900 )     4,033       (12,900 )     4,033       (12,900 )
                                                 

Total Shareholders' Equity

          $ 206,152             $ 147,782             $ 106,201  

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
25

 

  

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended

 
   

April 30,

   

May 2,

   

May 3,

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

Operating Activities:

                       

Net income

  $ 61,198     $ 49,311     $ 43,635  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

                       
Depreciation and amortization     12,056       11,580       11,708  
Deferred income tax (benefit) provision     (1,299 )     1,076       79  
Loss (gain) on disposal of property, net     129       (1,188 )     51  
Stock-based compensation     228       307       95  
Changes in assets and liabilities:                        
Trade receivables     (1,095 )     (1,746 )     5,864  
Inventories     (4,998 )     990       (4,680 )
Prepaid and other assets     (485 )     (605 )     (2,548 )
Accounts payable     4,495       (710 )     1,345  
Accrued and other liabilities     8,726       (995 )     (3,167 )

Net cash provided by operating activities

    78,955       58,020       52,382  
                         

Investing Activities:

                       

Additions to property, plant and equipment

    (12,140 )     (11,630 )     (12,124 )

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

    116       1,905       62  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (12,024 )     (9,725 )     (12,062 )
                         

Financing Activities:

                       

Dividends paid on preferred stock

    (186 )     (239 )     (659 )

Repayments under credit facilities, net

    (10,000 )     (20,000 )     (20,000 )

Redemption of preferred stock

    (6,000 )     (6,000 )     (8,000 )

Proceeds from stock options exercised

    848       228       47  

Stock-based tax benefits

    1,528       240       17  

Other

    -       -       (60 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (13,810 )     (25,771 )     (28,655 )
                         

Net Increase in Cash and Equivalents

    53,121       22,524       11,665  
                         

Cash and Equivalents - Beginning of Year

    52,456       29,932       18,267  
                         

Cash and Equivalents - End of Year

  $ 105,577     $ 52,456     $ 29,932  
                         

Other Cash Flow Information:

                       

Interest paid

  $ 116     $ 380     $ 723  

Income taxes paid

  $ 29,473     $ 24,745     $ 23,079  

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 
26

 

 

NATIONAL BEVERAGE CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

National Beverage Corp. develops, produces, markets and sells a diverse portfolio of flavored beverage products primarily in North America. Incorporated in Delaware in 1985, National Beverage Corp. is a holding company for various operating subsidiaries. When used in this report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Company” and “National Beverage” mean National Beverage Corp. and its subsidiaries.

 

1. significant accounting policies

 

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of National Beverage Corp. and all subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated. Our fiscal year ends the Saturday closest to April 30 and, as a result, an additional week is added every five or six years. Fiscal 2016 and Fiscal 2015 consisted of 52 weeks while Fiscal 2014 consisted of 53 weeks.

 

Cash and Equivalents

Cash and equivalents are comprised of cash and highly liquid securities (consisting primarily of short-term money-market investments) with an original maturity of three months or less.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

We use derivative financial instruments to partially mitigate our exposure to changes in raw material costs. All derivative financial instruments are recorded at fair value in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We do not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Credit risk related to derivative financial instruments is managed by requiring high credit standards for counterparties and frequent cash settlements. See Note 6.

 

Earnings Per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing earnings available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is calculated in a similar manner, but includes the dilutive effect of stock options amounting to 219,000 shares in Fiscal 2016, 206,000 shares in Fiscal 2015 and 188,000 shares in Fiscal 2014.

 

Fair Value

The fair value of long-term debt approximates its carrying value due to its variable interest rate and lack of prepayment penalty. The estimated fair values of derivative financial instruments are calculated based on market rates to settle the instruments. These values represent the estimated amounts we would receive upon sale, taking into consideration current market prices and credit worthiness. See Note 6.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

All long-lived assets, excluding goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization, are evaluated for impairment on the basis of undiscounted cash flows whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. An impaired asset is written down to its estimated fair market value based on the best information available. Estimated fair value is generally measured by discounting future cash flows. Goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment annually or sooner if we believe such assets may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount or, for goodwill, the carrying amount of its reporting unit, is greater than its fair value.

 

 
27

 

 

Income Taxes

Our effective income tax rate is based on estimates of taxes which will ultimately be payable. Deferred taxes are recorded to give recognition to temporary differences between the tax bases of assets or liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. Valuation allowances are established to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets when it is deemed, more likely than not, that the benefit of deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

Insurance Programs

We maintain self-insured and deductible programs for certain liability, medical and workers’ compensation exposures. Accordingly, we accrue for known claims and estimated incurred but not reported claims not otherwise covered by insurance based on actuarial assumptions and historical claims experience. At April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015, other liabilities included accruals of $5.8 million and $5.9 million, respectively, for estimated non-current risk retention exposures, of which $4.8 million and $4.7 million were covered by insurance.

 

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets as of April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015 consisted of non-amortizable trademarks.

 

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of first-in, first-out cost or market. Inventories at April 30, 2016 were comprised of finished goods of $29.1 million and raw materials of $18.8 million. Inventories at May 2, 2015 were comprised of finished goods of $24.9 million and raw materials of $18.0 million.

 

Marketing Costs

We are involved in a variety of marketing programs, including cooperative advertising programs with customers, to advertise and promote our products to consumers. Marketing costs are expensed when incurred, except for prepaid advertising and production costs which are expensed when the advertising takes place. Marketing costs, which are included in selling, general and administrative expenses, totaled $38.8 million in Fiscal 2016, $42.4 million in Fiscal 2015 and $50.2 million in Fiscal 2014.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting” (“ASU 2016-9”). This amendment addresses several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-09 is effective for our fiscal year beginning April 30, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, “Leases” (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 requires the lease rights and obligations arising from lease contracts, including existing and new arrangements, to be recognized as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for our fiscal year beginning April 28, 2019. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 
28

 

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-17, “Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes” (“ASU 2015-17”). ASU 2015-17 requires companies to classify all deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent on the balance sheet. ASU 2015-17 is effective for our fiscal year beginning April 30, 2017. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASU 2014-09”).  ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize revenue in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for goods or services.  On August 12, 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year and is effective for our fiscal year beginning April 29, 2018.  We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Additions, replacements and betterments are capitalized, while maintenance and repairs that do not extend the useful life of an asset are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is recorded using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of 7 to 30 years for buildings and improvements and 3 to 15 years for machinery and equipment. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the remaining lease term or the estimated useful life of the improvement. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the respective accounts and any related gain or loss is recognized.

 

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from product sales is recognized when title and risk of loss pass to the customer, which generally occurs upon delivery. Our policy is not to allow the return of products once they have been accepted by the customer. However, on occasion, we have accepted returns or issued credit to customers, primarily for damaged goods. The amounts have been immaterial and, accordingly, we do not provide a specific valuation allowance for sales returns.

 

Sales Incentives

We offer various sales incentive arrangements to our customers that require customer performance or achievement of certain sales volume targets. When the incentive is paid in advance, we amortize the amount paid over the period of benefit or contractual sales volume; otherwise, we accrue the expected amount to be paid over the period of benefit or expected sales volume. The recognition of these incentives involves the use of judgment related to performance and sales volume estimates that are made based on historical experience and other factors. Sales incentives are accounted for as a reduction of sales and actual amounts ultimately realized may vary from accrued amounts.

 

Segment Reporting

We operate as a single operating segment for purposes of presenting financial information and evaluating performance. As such, the accompanying consolidated financial statements present financial information in a format that is consistent with the internal financial information used by management. We do not accumulate revenues by product classification and, therefore, it is impractical to present such information.

 

 
29

 

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs are reported in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. Such costs aggregated $44.6 million in Fiscal 2016 and $44.4 million in Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014. Although our classification is consistent with many beverage companies, our gross margin may not be comparable to companies that include shipping and handling costs in cost of sales.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

Compensation expense for stock-based compensation awards is recognized over the vesting period based on the grant-date fair value estimated using the Black-Scholes model. See Note 8.

 

Trade Receivables

We record trade receivables at net realizable value, which includes an appropriate allowance for doubtful accounts. We extend credit based on an evaluation of each customer’s financial condition, generally without requiring collateral. Exposure to credit losses varies by customer principally due to the financial condition of each customer. We monitor our exposure to credit losses and maintain allowances for anticipated losses based on specific customer circumstances, credit conditions and historical write-offs. Activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts was as follows:

  

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Fiscal 2016

   

Fiscal 2015

   

Fiscal 2014

 

Balance at beginning of year

  $ 330     $ 399     $ 454  

Net charge to expense

    232       117       95  

Net charge-off

    (78 )     (186 )     (150 )

Balance at end of year

  $ 484     $ 330     $ 399  

  

As of April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015, we did not have any customer that comprised more than 10% of trade receivables. No one customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales during any of the last three fiscal years.

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and anticipated future actions, actual results may vary from reported amounts.

 

 
30

 

 

2. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property, plant and equipment as of April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015 consisted of the following:

 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

2016

   

2015

 

Land

  $ 9,500     $ 9,500  

Buildings and improvements

    50,856       50,405  

Machinery and equipment

    162,195       156,702  

Total

    222,551       216,607  

Less accumulated depreciation

    (160,619 )     (156,425 )

Property, plant and equipment – net

  $ 61,932     $ 60,182  

 

Depreciation expense was $10.1 million for Fiscal 2016, $10.2 million for Fiscal 2015 and $9.8 million for Fiscal 2014.

 

3. ACCRUED LIABILITIES

 

Accrued liabilities as of April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015 consisted of the following:

 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

2016

   

2015

 

Accrued compensation

  $ 9,217     $ 7,473  

Accrued promotions

    5,888       3,801  

Accrued insurance

    2,786       1,651  

Other

    8,304       8,332  

Total

  $ 26,195     $ 21,257  

  

4. DEBT

 

At April 30, 2016, a subsidiary of the Company maintained unsecured revolving credit facilities with banks aggregating $100 million (the “Credit Facilities”). The Credit Facilities expire from October 10, 2017 to June 18, 2018 and, currently, any borrowings would bear interest at .9% above one-month LIBOR. There were no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facilities at April 30, 2016 and $10 million was outstanding at May 2, 2015. At April 30, 2016, $2.2 million of the Credit Facilities were reserved for standby letters of credit and $97.8 million were available for borrowings.

 

The Credit Facilities require the subsidiary to maintain certain financial ratios, including debt to net worth and debt to EBITDA (as defined in the Credit Facilities), and contain other restrictions, none of which are expected to have a material effect on our operations or financial position. At April 30, 2016, we were in compliance with all loan covenants.

 

5. CAPITAL STOCK AND TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PARTIES

 

On January 25, 2013, the Company sold 400,000 shares of Special Series D Preferred Stock, par value $1 per share (“Series D Preferred”) for an aggregate purchase price of $20 million. Series D Preferred had a liquidation preference of $50 per share and accrued dividends on this amount at an annual rate of 3% through April 30, 2014 and, thereafter, at an annual rate equal to 370 basis points above the 3-Month LIBOR. Dividends were cumulative and payable quarterly. There were no accrued dividends at April 30, 2016 and $37,000 was accrued at May 2, 2015. The Series D Preferred was nonvoting and redeemable at the option of the Company beginning May 1, 2014 at $50 per share. In addition, the Company has 150,000 shares of Series C Preferred Stock, par value $1 per share, which are held as treasury stock and, therefore, such shares have no liquidation value.

 

 
31

 

 

On May 2, 2014, the Company redeemed 160,000 shares of Series D Preferred, representing 40% of the amount outstanding, for an aggregate price of $8 million plus accrued dividends. In connection therewith, the Company accreted and charged to retained earnings $118,000 of original issuance costs, which was deducted from income available to common shareholders for earnings per share calculation. In conjunction with the partial redemption, the annual dividend rate on the outstanding Series D Preferred was reduced to 2.5% for the twelve month period beginning May 1, 2014. In evaluating the impact of the rate change, the Company determined that the related fair value change was immaterial and that no adjustment was required.  

 

On August 1, 2014, the Company redeemed 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred, representing 50% of the amount outstanding, for an aggregate price of $6 million plus accrued dividends. In connection therewith, the Company accreted and charged to retained earnings $89,000 of original issuance costs, which was deducted from income available to common shareholders for earnings per share calculation.

 

On May 1, 2015, the Company and the holders of the Series D Preferred agreed to extend the 2.5% annual dividend rate on the outstanding Series D Preferred through April 30, 2016. In evaluating the impact of the rate change, the Company determined that the related fair value change was immaterial and that no adjustment was required.

 

On April 29, 2016, the Company redeemed the final remaining 120,000 shares of Series D Preferred for an aggregate price of $6 million plus accrued dividends. In connection therewith, the Company accreted and charged to retained earnings $89,000 of original issuance costs, which was deducted from income available to common shareholders for earnings per share calculation.

 

In April 2012, the Board of Directors authorized an increase in the Company’s Stock Buyback Program from 800,000 to 1.6 million shares of common stock. As of April 30, 2016, 502,060 shares were purchased under the program and 1,097,940 shares were available for purchase. There were no shares purchased during the last three fiscal years.

 

The Company is a party to a management agreement with Corporate Management Advisors, Inc. (“CMA”), a corporation owned by our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. This agreement was originated in 1991 for the efficient use of management of two public companies at the time. In 1994, one of those public entities, through a merger, no longer was managed in this manner. Under the terms of the agreement, CMA provides, subject to the direction and supervision of the Board of Directors of the Company, (i) senior corporate functions (including supervision of the Company’s financial, legal, executive recruitment, internal audit and management information systems departments) as well as the services of a Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and (ii) services in connection with acquisitions, dispositions and financings by the Company, including identifying and profiling acquisition candidates, negotiating and structuring potential transactions and arranging financing for any such transaction. CMA, through its personnel, also provides, to the extent possible, the stimulus and creativity to develop an innovative and dynamic persona for the Company, its products and corporate image. In order to fulfill its obligations under the management agreement, CMA employs numerous individuals, whom, acting as a unit, provide management, administrative and creative functions for the Company. The management agreement provides that the Company will pay CMA an annual base fee equal to one percent of the consolidated net sales of the Company, and further provides that the Compensation and Stock Option Committee and the Board of Directors may from time to time award additional incentive compensation to CMA. The Board of Directors on numerous occasions contemplated incentive compensation and, while shareholder value has increased over $2.5 billion (or 6,000%) since the inception of this agreement, no incentive compensation has been paid. We incurred management fees to CMA of $7.0 million for Fiscal 2016, $6.5 million for Fiscal 2015 and $6.4 million for Fiscal 2014. Included in accounts payable were amounts due CMA of $1.8 million at April 30, 2016 and $1.6 million at May 2, 2015.

 

 
32

 

   

6. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

From time to time, we enter into aluminum swap contracts to partially mitigate our exposure to changes in the cost of aluminum cans. Such financial instruments are designated and accounted for as a cash flow hedge. Accordingly, gains or losses attributable to the effective portion of the cash flow hedge are reported in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (“AOCI”) and reclassified into earnings through cost of sales in the period in which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the change in fair value of our cash flow hedge was immaterial. The following summarizes the gains (losses) recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income and AOCI relative to the cash flow hedge for Fiscal 2016, Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014:             

                 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

Recognized in AOCI-

                       

Loss before income taxes

  $ (5,743 )   $ (3,488 )   $ (1,059 )

Less income tax benefit

    ( 2,131 )     ( 1,294 )     (393 )

Net

    (3,612 )     (2,194 )     (666 )

Reclassified from AOCI to cost of sales-

                       

(Loss) gain before income taxes

    (6,987 )     248       (2,028 )

Less income tax (benefit) provision

    (2,592 )     92       (752 )

Net

    (4,395 )     156       (1,276 )

Net change to AOCI

  $ 783     $ (2,350 )   $ 610  

 

As of April 30, 2016, the notional amount of our outstanding aluminum swap contracts was $14.4 million and, assuming no change in the commodity prices, $2.5 million of unrealized loss before tax will be reclassified from AOCI and recognized in earnings over the next 12 months. See Note 1.

 

As of April 30, 2016, the fair value of the derivative liability was $2.5 million, which was included in accrued liabilities. As of May 2, 2015, the fair value of the derivative liability and derivative long-term liability was $3.0 million and $751,000, which was included in accrued liabilities and other liabilities, respectively. Such valuation does not entail a significant amount of judgment and the inputs that are significant to the fair value measurement are Level 2 as defined by the fair value hierarchy as they are observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.

 

 
33

 

 

7. INCOME TAXES

 

The provision (benefit) for income taxes consisted of the following:

 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

Current

  $ 32,806     $ 24,326     $ 19,395  

Deferred

    (1,299 )     1,076       79  

Total

  $ 31,507     $ 25,402     $ 19,474  

 

Deferred taxes are recorded to give recognition to temporary differences between the tax bases of assets or liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements. Valuation allowances are established to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets when it is deemed more likely than not that the benefit of deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities as of April 30, 2016 and May 2, 2015 consisted of the following:

  

   

(In thousands)

 
   

2016

   

2015

 

Deferred tax assets:

               

Accrued expenses and other

  $ 5,655     $ 5,281  

Inventory and amortizable assets

    538       417  

Total deferred tax assets

    6,193       5,698  

Deferred tax liabilities:

               

Property

    14,049       14,364  

Intangibles and other

    2,164       2,231  

Total deferred tax liabilities

    16,213       16,595  

Net deferred tax liabilities

  $ 10,020     $ 10,897  

Current deferred tax assets – net

  $ 4,454     $ 4,348  

Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities – net

  $ 14,474     $ 15,245  

 

The reconciliation of the statutory federal income tax rate to our effective tax rate is as follows:

 

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

Statutory federal income tax rate

    35.0 %     35.0 %     35.0 %

State income taxes, net of federal benefit

    2.2       2.3       2.3  

Domestic manufacturing deduction benefit

    (3.0 )     (3.0 )     (3.0 )

Adjustment of unrecognized tax benefit

    (.1 )     (.2 )     (3.3 )

Other differences

    (.1 )     (.1 )     (.1 )

Effective income tax rate

    34.0 %     34.0 %     30.9 %

 

During April 2014, the Company reached an agreement with the Internal Revenue Service with respect to its review of the Company’s federal income tax returns for the three years ended April 2013. No material adjustments were proposed and, accordingly, the Company adjusted the related unrecognized tax benefits during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2014.

 

 
34

 

 

As of April 30, 2016, the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits was $1.7 million and $59,000 was recognized as a tax benefit in Fiscal 2016. If we were to prevail on all uncertain tax positions, the net effect would be to reduce our tax expense by approximately $1.2 million. A reconciliation of the changes in the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits, which amounts are included in other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, is as follows:

  

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

 
   

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

Beginning balance

  $ 1,801     $ 2,123     $ 4,349  

Increases due to current period tax positions

    145       122       268  

Decreases due to lapse of statute of limitations and audit resolutions

    (268 )     (444 )     (2,494 )*

Ending balance

  $ 1,678     $ 1,801     $ 2,123  

_______________________________

* Includes $1,907 related to the Internal Revenue Service review of the Company’s federal income tax returns for the three years ended April 2013 noted above.

 

We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. As of April 30, 2016, unrecognized tax benefits included accrued interest of $227,000, of which approximately $42,000 was recognized as a tax benefit in Fiscal 2016.

 

We file annual income tax returns in the United States and in various state and local jurisdictions. A number of years may elapse before an uncertain tax position, for which we have unrecognized tax benefits, is resolved. While it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of resolution of any particular uncertain tax position, we believe that our unrecognized tax benefits reflect the most probable outcome. We adjust these unrecognized tax benefits, as well as the related interest, in light of changing facts and circumstances. The resolution of any particular uncertain tax position could require the use of cash and an adjustment to our provision for income taxes in the period of resolution. Federal income tax returns for fiscal years subsequent to 2013 are subject to examination. Generally, the income tax returns for the various state jurisdictions are subject to examination for fiscal years ending after fiscal 2010. 

 

8. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

Our stock-based compensation program is a broad-based program designed to attract and retain employees while also aligning employees’ interests with the interests of the shareholders.

 

The 1991 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Omnibus Plan”) provides for compensatory awards consisting of (i) stock options or stock awards for up to 4,800,000 shares of common stock, (ii) stock appreciation rights, dividend equivalents, other stock-based awards in amounts up to 4,800,000 shares of common stock and (iii) performance awards consisting of any combination of the above. The Omnibus Plan is designed to provide an incentive to officers and certain other key employees and consultants by making available to them an opportunity to acquire a proprietary interest or to increase such interest in National Beverage. The number of shares or options which may be issued under stock-based awards to an individual is limited to 1,680,000 during any year. Awards may be granted for no cash consideration or such minimal cash consideration as may be required by law. Options generally have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of our common stock on the date of grant, vest over a five-year period and expire after ten years.

 

 
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The Special Stock Option Plan provides for the issuance of stock options to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,800,000 shares of common stock. Options may be granted for such consideration as determined by the Board of Directors. The vesting schedule and exercise price of these options are tied to the recipient’s ownership level of common stock and the terms generally allow for the reduction in exercise price upon each vesting period. Also, the Board of Directors authorized the issuance of options to purchase up to 50,000 shares of common stock to be issued at the direction of the Chairman.

 

The Key Employee Equity Partnership Program (“KEEP Program”) provides for the granting of stock options to purchase up to 240,000 shares of common stock to key employees, consultants, directors and officers. Participants who purchase shares of stock in the open market receive grants of stock options equal to 50% of the number of shares purchased, up to a maximum of 6,000 shares in any two-year period. Options under the KEEP Program are forfeited in the event of the sale of shares used to acquire such options. Options are granted at an initial exercise price of 60% of the purchase price paid for the shares acquired and the exercise price reduces to the stock par value at the end of the six-year vesting period.

 

We account for stock options under the fair value method of accounting using a Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate the stock option fair value at date of grant. The fair value of stock options is amortized to expense over the vesting period. Stock options granted were 3,500 shares in Fiscal 2016, 276,800 shares in Fiscal 2015 and 5,245 shares in Fiscal 2014. The weighted average Black-Scholes fair value assumptions for stock options granted are as follows: weighted average expected life of 8.0 years for Fiscal 2016, 7.4 years for Fiscal 2015 and 8 years for Fiscal 2014; weighted average expected volatility of 29.0% for Fiscal 2016, 32.8% for Fiscal 2015 and 35.8% for Fiscal 2014; weighted average risk free interest rates of 2.1% for Fiscal 2016, 2.2% for Fiscal 2015 and 1.9% for Fiscal 2014; and expected dividend yield of 3.3% for Fiscal 2016, 4.6% for Fiscal 2015 and 4.6% for Fiscal 2014.  The expected life of stock options was estimated based on historical experience.  The expected volatility was estimated based on historical stock prices for a period consistent with the expected life of stock options.  The risk free interest rate was based on the U.S. Treasury constant maturity interest rate whose term is consistent with the expected life of stock options. Forfeitures were estimated based on historical experience and ranged from 0% to 16% for Fiscal 2016, Fiscal 2015 and Fiscal 2014.

 

The following is a summary of stock option activity for Fiscal 2016:

 

   

Number of Shares

   

Price (a)

 

Options outstanding, beginning of year

    613,135     $ 11.23  

Granted

    3,500       9.53  

Exercised

    (170,715 )     4.97  

Cancelled

    (27,025 )     15.62  

Options outstanding, end of year

    418,895       12.44  

Options exercisable, end of year

    170,056       9.64  

_______________________________

(a) Weighted average exercise price.

 

Stock-based compensation expense was $228,000 for Fiscal 2016, $307,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $95,000 for Fiscal 2014. The total fair value of shares vested was $652,000 for Fiscal 2016, $371,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $90,000 for Fiscal 2014. The total intrinsic value for stock options exercised was $5,161,000 for Fiscal 2016, $917,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $76,000 for Fiscal 2014. Net cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options were $848,000 for Fiscal 2016, $228,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $47,000 for Fiscal 2014. Stock based income tax benefits aggregated $1,528,000 for Fiscal 2016, $240,000 for Fiscal 2015 and $17,000 for Fiscal 2014. The weighted average fair value for stock options granted was $20.09 for Fiscal 2016, $8.30 for Fiscal 2015 and $12.50 for Fiscal 2014.

 

 
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As of April 30, 2016, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of our stock options was $642,000, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 4.8 years. The weighted average remaining contractual term and the aggregate intrinsic value for options outstanding as of April 30, 2016 was 6.2 years and $14.4 million, respectively. The weighted average remaining contractual term and the aggregate intrinsic value for options exercisable as of April 30, 2016 was 5.0 years and $6.3 million, respectively.

 

We have a stock purchase plan which provides for the purchase of up to 1,536,000 shares of common stock by employees who (i) have been employed for at least two years, (ii) are not part-time employees and (iii) are not owners of five percent or more of our common stock. As of April 30, 2016, no shares have been issued under the plan.

 

9. PENSION PLANS

 

The Company contributes to certain pension plans under collective bargaining agreements and to a discretionary profit sharing plan. Total contributions (including contributions to multi-employer plans reflected below) were $2.9 million for Fiscal 2016, $2.7 million for Fiscal 2015 and $2.7 million for Fiscal 2014.

 

The Company participates in various multi-employer defined benefit pension plans covering certain employees whose employment is covered under collective bargaining agreements. If the Company chooses to stop participating in the multi-employer plan or if other employers choose to withdraw to the extent that a mass withdrawal occurs, the Company could be required to pay the plan a withdrawal liability based on the underfunded status of the plan.

 

Summarized below is certain information regarding the Company’s participation in significant multi-employer pension plans including the financial improvement plan or rehabilitation plan status (“FIP/RP Status”) and the zone status under the Pension Protection Act (“PPA”). The most recent PPA zone status available in Fiscal 2016 and Fiscal 2015 is for the plans’ years ending December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

 

PPA Zone Status  

 

 

Pension Fund

  Fiscal 2016

 Fiscal 2015

 FIP/RP Status 

 Surcharge Imposed

Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Plan (EIN no. 36-6044243) (the “CSSS Fund”)

Red 

Red 

Implemented

No

Western Conference of Teamsters Pension Trust Fund (EIN no. 91-6145047) (the “WCT Fund”) Green Green Not applicable No 

                                

For the plan years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company was not listed in the Form 5500 Annual Returns as providing more than 5% of the total contributions for the above plans. The collective bargaining agreements for employees in the CSSS Fund and the WCT Fund expire on October 18, 2016 and May 14, 2016, respectively. The Company is presently negotiating the renewal of the WCT Fund collective bargaining agreement.

 

 
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The Company’s contributions for all multi-employer pension plans for the last three fiscal years are as follow:

 

   

(In thousands)

 
   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

   

Fiscal

 

Pension Fund

 

2016

   

2015

   

2014

 

CSSS Fund

  $ 1,172     $ 1,103     $ 1,079  
WCT Fund     485       637       476  

Other multi-employer pension funds

    448       306       295  

Total

  $ 2,105     $ 2,046     $ 1,850  

 

The trustees of one of the multi-employer pension plans that is not considered individually significant have notified a subsidiary of the Company that a mass withdrawal has occurred and have provided the subsidiary with a notice of withdrawal liability. The Company disputes various aspects of the withdrawal liability calculations and is challenging them under applicable Federal laws. The Company anticipates that the amount of its liability will not have a material effect on its financial position or results of operations.

 

10.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

We lease buildings, machinery and equipment under various non-cancelable operating lease agreements expiring at various dates through 2026. Certain of these leases contain scheduled rent increases and/or renewal options. Contractual rent increases are taken into account when calculating the minimum lease payment and recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Rent expense under operating lease agreements totaled $9.2 million for Fiscal 2016, $8.2 million for Fiscal 2015 and $7.9 million for Fiscal 2014.

 

Our minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases as of April 30, 2016 were as follows:

 

   

(In thousands)

 

Fiscal 2017

  $ 6,376  

Fiscal 2018

    5,350  

Fiscal 2019

    4,684  

Fiscal 2020

    3,968  

Fiscal 2021

    2,237  

Thereafter

    3,418  

Total minimum lease payments

  $ 26,033  

 

As of April 30, 2016, we guaranteed the residual value of certain leased equipment in the amount of $4.4 million. If the proceeds from the sale of such equipment are less than the balance required by the lease when the lease terminates on August 1, 2017, the Company shall be required to pay the difference up to such guaranteed amount. The Company expects to have no loss on such guarantee.

 

 
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We enter into various agreements with suppliers for the purchase of raw materials, the terms of which may include variable or fixed pricing and minimum purchase quantities. As of April 30, 2016, we had purchase commitments for raw materials of $45.5 million for Fiscal 2017.

 

As of April 30, 2016, we had purchase commitments for plant and equipment of $5.0 million for Fiscal 2017.

 

From time to time, we are a party to various litigation matters and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. We do not expect the ultimate disposition of such matters to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

  

11. QUARTERLY FINANCIAL DATA (UNAUDITED)

 

   

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
   

First Quarter

   

Second Quarter

   

Third Quarter

   

Fourth Quarter

 

Fiscal 2016

                               

Net sales

  $ 185,386     $ 178,678     $ 161,687     $ 179,034  

Gross profit

    62,899       60,621       52,552       65,365  

Net income

    17,113       15,312       11,236       17,537  

Earnings per common share – basic

  $ .37     $ .33     $ .24     $ .37  

Earnings per common share – diluted

  $ .37