10-K 1 f56996e10vk.htm FORM 10-K e10vk
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
     
(Mark one)    
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended October 31, 2010
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from          to
 
Commission file number 000-06920
 
Applied Materials, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
     
Delaware
  94-1655526
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
3050 Bowers Avenue, P.O. Box 58039
  95052-8039
Santa Clara, California
  (Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
   
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(408) 727-5555
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
  The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known, seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
Aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of May 2, 2010, based upon the closing sale price reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market on that date: $18,484,888,271
 
Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, $.01 par value, as of November 19, 2010: 1,327,685,208
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
 
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for Applied Materials, Inc.’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on March 8, 2011 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.
 


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Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
Certain information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (report or Form 10-K) of Applied Materials, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Applied or the Company), including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7, is forward-looking in nature. All statements in this report, including those made by the management of Applied, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements.
 
Examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding Applied’s future financial or operating results, cash flows and cash deployment strategies, declaration of dividends, share repurchases, business strategies, projected costs, products, competitive positions, management’s plans and objectives for future operations, research and development, acquisitions and joint ventures, growth opportunities, customers, working capital, liquidity, investment portfolio and policies, and legal proceedings and claims, as well as industry trends and outlooks. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s estimates, projections and assumptions as of the date hereof and include the assumptions that underlie such statements. Forward-looking statements may contain words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “potential” and “continue,” the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology. Any expectations based on these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other important factors, including those discussed in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” below and elsewhere in this report. Other risks and uncertainties may be disclosed in Applied’s prior Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings. These and many other factors could affect Applied’s future financial condition and operating results and could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations based on forward-looking statements made in this document or elsewhere by Applied or on its behalf. Applied undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements.
 
The following information should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.


 

 
APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
FORM 10-K FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2010
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
                 
        Page
 
PART I
  Item 1:     Business     1  
  Item 1A:     Risk Factors     15  
  Item 1B:     Unresolved Staff Comments     26  
  Item 2:     Properties     26  
  Item 3:     Legal Proceedings     27  
  Item 4:     Removed and Reserved     27  
 
PART II
  Item 5:     Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     28  
  Item 6:     Selected Financial Data     31  
  Item 7:     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     32  
  Item 7A:     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     50  
  Item 8:     Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     50  
  Item 9:     Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     50  
  Item 9A:     Controls and Procedures     50  
  Item 9B:     Other Information     51  
 
PART III
  Item 10:     Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     53  
  Item 11:     Executive Compensation     53  
  Item 12:     Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     53  
  Item 13:     Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     55  
  Item 14:     Principal Accounting Fees and Services     55  
 
PART IV
  Item 15:     Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     56  
        Signatures     109  
 EX-10.59
 EX-21
 EX-23
 EX-24
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2
 EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
 EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT


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PART I
 
Item 1:   Business
 
Incorporated in 1967, Applied, a Delaware corporation, provides manufacturing equipment, services and software to the global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar photovoltaic (PV) and related industries. Applied’s customers include manufacturers of semiconductor wafers and chips, flat panel liquid crystal displays (LCDs), solar PV cells and modules, and other electronic devices. These customers may use what they manufacture in their own end products or sell the items to other companies for use in advanced electronic components. The Company’s fiscal year ends on the last Sunday in October.
 
Applied is the world’s largest semiconductor fabrication equipment supplier based on revenue, with the capability to provide global deployment and support services. Applied also is a leading supplier of LCD fabrication equipment to the flat panel display industry and is the leading supplier of solar PV manufacturing systems to the solar industry, based on revenue.
 
Applied operates in four reportable segments: Silicon Systems Group, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. A summary of financial information for each reportable segment is found in Note 17 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. A discussion of factors that could affect Applied’s operations is set forth under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A, which is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Silicon Systems Group Segment
 
Applied’s Silicon Systems Group segment develops, manufactures and sells a wide range of manufacturing equipment used to fabricate semiconductor chips, also referred to as integrated circuits (ICs). Most chips are built on a silicon wafer base and include a variety of circuit components, such as transistors and other devices, that are connected by multiple layers of wiring (interconnects). Applied offers systems that perform most of the primary processes used in chip fabrication including atomic layer deposition (ALD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), physical vapor deposition (PVD), electrochemical deposition (ECD) etch, rapid thermal processing (RTP), chemical mechanical planarization (CMP), wet cleaning and wafer metrology and inspection, as well as systems that etch, measure and inspect circuit patterns on masks used in the photolithography process. Applied’s semiconductor manufacturing systems are used by integrated device manufacturers and foundries to build and package memory, logic and other types of chips.
 
Most chips currently are fabricated using 65 nanometer (nm) and larger linewidth dimensions, although Applied is also working with customers on leading-edge technology for advanced nodes using 45nm, 32nm and smaller dimensions. To build a chip, the transistors, capacitors and other circuit components are first created on the surface of the wafer by performing a series of processes to deposit and selectively remove portions of successive film layers. Similar processes are then used to build the layers of wiring structures on the wafer. As the density of the circuit components increases to enable greater computing capability in the same or smaller physical area, the complexity of building the chip also increases, necessitating more process steps to form smaller structures and more intricate wiring schemes. A typical, simplified process sequence for building the wiring or interconnect portion of a chip involves initially depositing a dielectric film layer onto the base layer of circuit components using a CVD system. An etch system is then used to create openings and patterns in the dielectric layer. To form the metal interconnects, these openings and patterns are subsequently filled with conducting material using PVD and ECD technologies. A CMP step then polishes the wafer to achieve a flat surface. Additional deposition, etch and CMP steps are then performed to build up the layers needed to complete the interconnection of the circuit elements. Advanced chip designs require more than 500 steps involving these and other processes to complete the manufacturing cycle.
 
While some device manufacturers are still using aluminum as the main conducting material for building interconnect structures, most have transitioned to copper. Copper has lower resistance than aluminum and can carry more current in a smaller area. Applied is the leading supplier of systems for manufacturing copper-based chips, including equipment for depositing, etching and planarizing copper interconnect layers. Complementing the transition to copper to improve chip speed is the use of low dielectric constant (low k) films to replace silicon


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dioxide material as the insulator between the copper wiring structures. Applied also leads the industry in providing systems for depositing low k dielectric films.
 
The transistor is another key area of the chip where semiconductor manufacturers are improving their device designs to enhance speed. Applied has the industry’s largest portfolio of technically advanced products for building smaller and faster transistors. One method of enhancing chip performance is strain engineering, a technique that stretches or compresses the space between atoms, allowing electrical current to flow more quickly. Multiple strain films are typically used in advanced devices since they have an additive effect on increasing transistor speed. Applied has a comprehensive portfolio of systems to enable these applications using CVD and epitaxial deposition technologies.
 
Major chipmakers have announced that they will be integrating new high dielectric constant (high-k) and metal materials and processes in their transistor gate structures to increase chip performance and reduce power consumption. Applied has a comprehensive portfolio of fully characterized processes for building these high-k/metal gates. These solutions include an integrated dielectric gate stack tool that combines four critical processes in a single system, a portfolio of metallization technologies using ALD and PVD, and an innovative high temperature etch system.
 
As new consumer products demand higher performance in a smaller space, a new type of chip packaging is emerging, known as three-dimensional (3D) ICs. Providing greater functionality in a smaller footprint, 3DICs stack multiple chips together and electrically interconnect them using deep holes, called through-silicon via (TSV) structures. In fiscal 2010, Applied acquired Semitool, Inc., a leading supplier of ECD and wafer surface preparation equipment used by chip packaging companies. Applied now has the industry’s most comprehensive line of production-proven systems and processes required for the majority of advanced packaging manufacturing steps, including etch, CVD, PVD, ECD, wafer cleaning and CMP systems. Applied is leading efforts to enable the adoption of packaging technology, working with consortiums and other equipment suppliers to lower customers’ implementation costs.
 
Most of Applied’s semiconductor equipment products are single-wafer systems with multiple process chambers attached to a base platform. This enables each wafer to be processed separately in its own environment, allowing precise process control, while the system’s multiple chambers enable simultaneous, high productivity manufacturing. Applied sells most of its single-wafer, multi-chamber systems on four basic platforms: the Centura®, the Endura®, the Producer® and the Vantage®. These platforms support ALD, CVD, PVD, etch and RTP technologies.
 
Over time, the semiconductor industry has migrated to increasingly larger wafers to build chips. The predominant or common wafer size used today for volume production of advanced chips is 300 millimeter (mm), or 12-inch, wafers. Applied offers a comprehensive range of 300mm systems. Applied also offers earlier-generation 200mm systems, as well as products and services to support all of its systems, which are reported under its Applied Global Services segment.
 
The following summarizes Applied’s portfolio of products and their associated process technology areas reported under its Silicon Systems Group segment.
 
Deposition
 
Deposition is a fundamental step in fabricating a chip. During deposition, layers of dielectric (an insulator), barrier, or electrically conductive (typically metal) films are deposited or grown on a wafer. Applied currently provides equipment to perform four types of deposition: ALD, CVD, ECD and PVD. In addition, Applied’s RTP systems can be used to perform certain types of dielectric deposition.
 
Atomic Layer Deposition
 
ALD is an advanced technology in which atoms are deposited one layer at a time to build chip structures. This technology enables customers to fabricate thin films of either conducting or insulating material with uniform coverage in sub-nanometer sized structures. Applied offers ALD chambers for depositing tungsten and high-k/metal gate films. In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied Endura iLB PVD/ALD system, an advancement in ALD technology that


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enables customers to shrink the contact structures to increase signal speeds in 22nm and beyond logic and memory devices.
 
Chemical Vapor Deposition
 
CVD is used to deposit dielectric and metal films on a wafer. During the CVD process, gases that contain atoms of the material to be deposited react on the wafer surface, forming a thin film of solid material. Films deposited by CVD may be silicon oxide, single-crystal epitaxial silicon, amorphous silicon, silicon nitride, dielectric anti-reflective coatings, low k dielectric (for highly efficient insulating materials), aluminum, titanium, titanium nitride, polysilicon, tungsten, refractory metals or silicides. Applied offers the following CVD products and technologies:
 
The Applied Producer CVD platform — This high-throughput platform features Twin-Chamber® modules that have two single-wafer process chambers per unit. Up to three Twin-Chamber modules can be mounted on each Producer platform, giving it a simultaneous processing capacity of six wafers. Many dielectric CVD processes can be performed on this platform. The highest productivity model of this system is the Applied Producer GT, which has achieved rapid customer acceptance due to its fast wafer handling performance and compact design.
 
Low k Dielectric Films — Low k dielectric materials are used in copper-based chip designs to further improve interconnect speed. Using conventional CVD equipment, the Applied Producer Black Diamond® family of low k systems provides customers with a proven, cost-effective way to integrate a variety of low k films into advanced interconnect structures. To further increase the performance of the complete multi-layer dielectric structure, Applied offers a line of BLOKtm (barrier low k) films deposited with the Producer system.
 
Lithography-Enabling Solutions — Applied offers several technologies on the Producer system to help chipmakers extend their current 193nm lithography tools, including a line of Applied APF® (advanced patterning film) films and Applied DARC® (dielectric anti-reflective coating) films. Together, they provide a film stack with the precise dimensional control and compatibility needed to cost-effectively pattern nano-scale features without additional integration complexity.
 
Gap Fill Films — There are many steps during the chipmaking process in which very small and deep, or high aspect ratio (HAR), structures must be filled void-free with a dielectric film. Many of these applications include the deposition of silicon oxides in substrate isolation structures, contacts and interconnects. The Applied Centura Ultima HDP-CVD® (high-density plasma CVD) and Applied Producer HARPtm (high aspect ratio process) systems have been workhorses for the industry, enabling customers to scale their devices to the 32nm node. In 2010, the Company introduced its breakthrough Applied Producer Eternatm FCVD system. Targeted for 20nm and below chips, the Eterna system delivers a liquid-like film that flows freely into virtually any structure to provide void-free dielectric fill.
 
Strain Engineering Solutions — The Applied Producer HARP system also plays a key role in enhancing transistor performance, enabling chipmakers to boost chip speed by depositing strain-inducing dielectric films. Offering the industry’s first integrated stress nitride deposition and ultraviolet (UV) cure solution, the Applied Producer Celera CVD delivers benchmark levels of high-stress tensile silicon nitride films. The Company also offers the Applied Centura SiNgenPlus low pressure CVD system for low temperature silicon nitride films. Used together, and in conjunction with silicon germanium (SiGe) films using Applied’s epitaxial deposition technologies, these systems can provide additive strain engineering benefits.
 
Through-Silicon Via Films — In 2010, Applied expanded its offerings for TSV fabrication, with two new CVD systems. The Applied Producer InViatm system uses a unique process to deposit the critical oxide liner film layer in HAR TSV structures, enabling robust electrical isolation of the TSV, which is vital for reliable device performance. For applications where higher temperatures can damage the manufacturing process, the Applied Producer Avilatm CVD system allows high quality dielectric film deposition at stable substrate temperatures at a low cost of ownership.
 
Epitaxial Deposition — Epitaxial silicon (epitaxy or epi) is a layer of pure silicon grown in a uniform crystalline structure on the wafer to form a high quality base for the device circuitry. Epi technology is used in an increasing number of integrated circuit devices in both the wafer substrate and transistor areas of a chip to


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enhance speed. The Applied Centura Epi system integrates pre- and post-epi processes on the same system to improve film quality and reduce production costs. This system is also used for SiGe epi technology, which reduces power usage and increases speed in certain types of advanced chips. For emerging transistor designs, the Applied Centura RP Epi system offers selective epi processes to enable faster transistor switching through strain engineering techniques.
 
Polysilicon Deposition — Polysilicon is a type of silicon used to form portions of the transistor structure within the integrated circuit device. The Applied Centura Polygentm LPCVD system is a single-wafer, multi-chamber product that deposits thin polysilicon films at high temperatures to create transistor gate structures. To address the challenging requirements of shrinking gate dimensions, the Applied Centura DPN Gate Stack system integrates chambers for decoupled plasma nitridation (DPN), RTP anneal and polysilicon deposition on one platform to enable superior film quality and material properties.
 
Tungsten Deposition — Tungsten is used in the contact area of a chip that connects the transistors to the wiring circuitry. In aluminum-based devices, tungsten is also used in the structures that connect the multiple layers of aluminum wiring. Applied has two products for depositing tungsten: the Applied Centura Sprint® Tungsten CVD system for 90nm and below devices and the Applied Centura iSprint ALD/CVD system for more advanced applications. The latter product combines ALD technology and CVD chambers on the same platform.
 
Electrochemical Deposition
 
Electrochemical deposition is a process by which metal atoms from a chemical fluid (an electrolyte) are deposited on the surface of an immersed object. Its main application in the semiconductor industry is to deposit copper in interconnect wiring structures. This process step follows the deposition of barrier and seed layers which prevent the copper from contaminating other areas of the device and improve the adhesion of the copper filmenable electrodeposition to occur. As a result of Applied’s acquisition of Semitool, the Company offers two ECD systems: the Applied Raider ECD for electroplating advanced chip interconnect structures, and the Applied Raider S ECD for advanced TSV packaging applications.
 
Physical Vapor Deposition
 
PVD is a physical process in which atoms of a gas, such as argon, are accelerated toward a metal target. The metal atoms chip off, or sputter away, and are then deposited on the wafer. The Applied Endura PVD system offers a broad range of advanced metal deposition processes, including aluminum, aluminum alloys, cobalt, titanium/titanium nitride, tantalum/tantalum nitride, tungsten/tungsten nitride, nickel, vanadium and copper. In 2010, Applied celebrated the 20th year of its Applied Endura platform, the most successful metal deposition system in the history of the semiconductor industry.
 
The Applied Endura CuBS (copper barrier/seed) PVD system is widely used by customers for fabricating copper-based chips. Using PVD technology, the system deposits a tantalum-based barrier film that prevents copper material from entering other areas of the device and then a copper seed layer that primes the structure for the subsequent deposition of bulk copper. The Applied Endura CuBS RFX PVD system extends cost-effective CuBS technology to the 22nm node. In 2010, Applied introduced two new PVD systems for creating the leading-edge chips needed for the next generation of smart devices. The Applied Endura Avenirtm RF PVD system sequentially deposits the multiple metal film layers that form the heart of the industry’s new, faster, metal gate transistors. The Applied Endura iLB PVD/ALD system advances the state-of-the-art in ALD technology, enabling customers to shrink their speed-critical contact structures for 20nm and below devices.
 
Applied’s Endura system has also been used for many years in back-end applications to deposit metal layers before final bump or wire bonding packaging steps are performed. The Applied Chargertm UBM PVD system, which is specifically designed for under-bump metallization (UBM) and other back-end processes, features linear architecture for reliable performance and very high productivity at a low cost per wafer.


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Etch
 
Etching is used many times throughout the integrated circuit manufacturing process to selectively remove material from the surface of a wafer. Before etching begins, the wafer is coated with a light-sensitive film, called photoresist. A photolithography process then projects the circuit pattern onto the wafer. Etching removes material only from areas dictated by the photoresist pattern. Applied offers a wide range of systems for etching dielectric, metal and silicon films to meet the requirements of sub-100nm processing.
 
Applied’s Producer Etch system utilizes the Company’s Twin-Chamber Producer platform to target cost-sensitive dielectric etch applications. To address advanced dielectric etch applications, the Applied Centura Enabler® E5 Etch system enables customers to create the 40:1 HAR contact features that are critical to the yield and performance of 32nm and below DRAM and Flash memory chips. The Applied Centura Carinatm system uses innovative, high-temperature technology to deliver the etch capability essential for scaling logic and memory devices with high-k/metal gates at 45nm and below.
 
In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied Centura AdvantEdgetm Mesatm silicon etch system for fabricating nano-scale circuit features with angstrom-level precision. The system has achieved strong acceptance by customers, providing the critical technical capability needed for their next-generation devices. The Applied Centura Marianatm Trench Etch system provides customers with the capability to scale DRAM capacitors by enabling the etching of 80:1 aspect ratio structures. The Applied Centura Silviatm system is specifically designed for etching small, deep holes for TSV applications in 3D-ICs. For etching metals, the Applied Opustm AdvantEdge Metal Etch uses an optimized 5-chamber platform configuration that enables customers to extend aluminum interconnect technology and productivity for flash and DRAM memory applications.
 
Rapid Thermal Processing
 
RTP is a process in which a wafer is subjected to rapid bursts of intense heat that can take the wafer from room temperature to more than 1,000 degrees Celsius in less than 10 seconds. A rapid thermal process is used mainly for annealing, which modifies the properties of deposited films. The Applied Centura Radiance®Plus and Applied Vantage RadOxtm RTP systems feature advanced RTP technology with differing platform designs. While the multi-chamber Centura platform offers exceptional process flexibility, the streamlined two-chamber Vantage platform is designed for dedicated high-volume manufacturing. These single-wafer RTP systems are also used for growing high quality oxide and oxynitride films, deposition steps that traditional large batch furnaces can no longer achieve with the necessary precision and control. With its proprietary radical-based oxidation process, the Applied Vantage RadOx system deposits high-performance transistor gate oxides with high productivity and low operating cost for flash memory applications. In 2010, the Company introduced its laser-based Applied Vantage Astratm millisecond anneal system for creating the sensitive nickel silicide transistor contact layers, enabling faster, lower power-consumption logic chips.
 
Chemical Mechanical Planarization
 
The CMP process removes material from a wafer to create a flat (planarized) surface. This process allows subsequent photolithography patterning steps to occur with greater accuracy and enables film layers to build with minimal height variations. Applied has led the industry with its 300mm Applied Reflexion® LK system, with features such as integrated cleaning, film measurement and process control capabilities. In 2010, Applied introduced its Applied Reflexion GT CMP system, an innovative dual-wafer design that increases performance while lowering system cost of ownership in fabricating copper interconnects.
 
Surface Preparation
 
Cleaning the surface of the wafer is critical to the adhesion and quality of films that are subsequently deposited in the chip fabrication process. Through its acquisition of Semitool, Applied offers several surface preparation systems. The Applied Raider SP can incorporate several types of cleaning methods, including spray, vapor, immersion, megasonics and anneal technologies with automated single or dual-side wafer processing for high volume manufacturing.


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Metrology and Wafer Inspection
 
Applied offers several products for measuring features and inspecting defects on the wafer during various stages of the fabrication process. These systems enable customers to characterize and control critical dimension (CD) and defect issues, especially at advanced generation technology nodes.
 
Critical Dimension and Defect Review Scanning Electron Microscopes (CD-SEMs and DR-SEMs)
 
Scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) use an electron beam to form images of microscopic features of a patterned wafer at extremely high magnification. Applied’s SEM products provide customers with full automation, along with the high accuracy and sensitivity needed for measuring very small CDs. The Applied VeritySEM® metrology system uses proprietary SEM imaging technology to enable precise control of the lithography and etching processes. The VeritySEM measures CDs at a precision of less than 0.3nm, a requirement for 32nm and below device production and incorporates automation and software advancements for significantly higher throughput. Applied’s OPC Checktm software for the VeritySEM system performs automated qualification of OPC-based (optical proximity correction) chip designs, significantly reducing mask (see Mask Making section below) verification time over conventional manual methods.
 
DR-SEMs review defects on the wafer (such as particles, scratches or residues) that are first located by a defect detection system and then classify the defects to identify their source. The high-throughput, fully automatic Applied SEMVisiontm Defect Analysis products enable customers to use this technology as an integral part of their production lines to analyze defects as small as 30nm with industry-leading throughput.
 
Wafer Inspection
 
Using laser-based technology, defects can be detected on patterned wafers (wafers with printed circuit images) as they move between processing steps. Defects include particles, open circuit lines, and shorts between lines. Incorporating key advances in imaging technology, the Applied ComPlustm Inspection system, for darkfield applications, detects defects in devices with advanced design rules with the high speed required for customers’ volume production lines. The Applied UVision® 4 wafer Inspection system was introduced in 2010, enabling customers to detect yield-limiting defects in the critical patterning layers of 22nm and below logic and memory devices using DUV laser-based imaging technology.
 
Mask Making
 
Masks are used by photolithography systems to transfer microscopic circuit designs onto wafers. Since an imperfection in a mask may be replicated on the wafer, the mask must be virtually defect-free. Applied provides systems for etching and inspecting masks.
 
In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied Centura Tetratm X Advanced Reticle Etch system, an advanced etch tool for fabricating leading-edge masks at 22nm and beyond. Applied’s Tetra line of systems has been used by mask makers worldwide to etch the majority of high-end masks over the last five years. Applied also introduced the Applied Aera3tm Mask Inspection system which allows customers to meet the most critical defect detection challenges of 22nm masks. Using sophisticated aerial imaging technology, the Aera3 allows users to immediately see how the pattern on the mask will appear on the wafer, revealing only the defects most likely to print and significantly reducing inspection time.
 
Applied Global Services Segment
 
The Applied Global Services segment encompasses products and services designed to improve the performance and productivity, and reduce the environmental impact of the fab operations of semiconductor, LCD and solar PV manufacturers. The in-depth expertise and best known methods of Applied’s extensive global support infrastructure enable Applied to continuously support customers’ production requirements. Trained customer engineers and process support engineers are deployed in more than a dozen countries. These engineers are usually


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located at or near customers’ fab sites and service over 34,000 installed Applied systems, as well as non-Applied systems. Applied offers the following general types of services and products:
 
Fab Services — Applied offers a portfolio of fab-wide operations services to maintain and optimize customers’ fabrication facilities. Applied Performance Services offers customers comprehensive equipment support with performance-based pricing and predictable costs to enable improved cost of ownership. Included in this program is Applied’s ExpertConnect remote diagnostic capability, providing expert support around the clock. The Company also offers Performance Services for solar PV manufacturing. The first service product of its kind for the solar industry, the program enables customers to quickly ramp to volume production while optimizing the performance, cost and output of their manufacturing lines.
 
The Company also offers Performance Spares, which are spare parts manufactured to Applied’s strict technical specifications and quality standards. Applied’s Metron Chamber Performance Services unit provides precision cleaning, technology-enhanced coating and refurbishment on chamber process kits and components. The unit also has extensive analytical testing capabilities to validate and certify performance specifications.
 
In addition, Applied offers a wide range of products and services to extend the productive life of 200mm semiconductor fabs, including new and remanufactured 200mm equipment, system enhancements and fab transition services. Designed to maximize productivity and lower cost of ownership, these products also assist customers in implementing green manufacturing solutions. Applied’s 200mm systems are available in a broad range of production-proven technologies, including CVD, PVD, etch, implant, RTP, CMP, epitaxy, metrology and inspection tools.
 
Automation Systems — Applied offers automated factory-level and tool-level control software systems for semiconductor, LCD and solar cell manufacturing facilities. These enterprise solutions include manufacturing execution systems (MES) to automate the production of wafers and LCD and solar substrates, advanced process control systems, and scheduling and materials handling control systems. In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied SmartFactorytm MES software, a factory automation solution designed to help accelerate the production ramp of emerging technologies for solar PV, chip-packaging, and light-emitting diode (LED) applications.
 
Applied also offers computerized maintenance management systems, performance tracking, and modeling and simulation tools for improving asset utilization. Applied’s E3 equipment engineering system solution, for example, uniquely integrates all critical equipment automation and process control components. In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied SmartSchedtm system, the semiconductor industry’s first predictive scheduling solution for optimizing the movement of wafers during the lithography process to reduce cycle time and increase tool utilization.
 
Sub-Fab Systems — A significant component of solar PV chip manufacturing is the ancillary equipment such as pumps and abatement systems that are connected to the process chambers. Located outside the clean area of the facility in the sub-fab, this equipment controls fab emissions to assure clean, sustainable chip manufacturing.
 
Abatement Control Systems — In 2010, the Company introduced its Applied iSYStm platform, the industry’s first fully-integrated abatement and vacuum pumping solution for controlling emissions and reducing energy costs in the fab. Synchronized with an Applied process tool, the iSYS system can deliver typical annual savings in power, water and gas consumption equivalent to 200MWh of energy compared to currently available technologies.
 
Display Segment
 
Applied’s AKT subsidiary, reported under the Display segment, designs, manufactures and sells equipment to fabricate thin film transistor LCDs for televisions, computer displays and other consumer-oriented electronic applications. While similarities exist between the technologies utilized in chipmaking and LCD fabrication, the most significant differences are in the size and composition of the substrate. Substrates used to manufacture LCD panels can be more than 70 times larger in area than 300mm wafers and are made of glass, while wafers are made of silicon.
 
Applied supplies a wide range of systems that process and test different glass substrate sizes. For fabricating the transistor layer of these panels, the Company offers a line of plasma-enhanced CVD (PECVD) systems that use


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multi-chamber platform architecture to deposit dielectric and semiconducting films. The AKT-PiVottm 55KV system employs high-productivity, cost-efficient PVD technology to deposit metal and transparent conductive oxide films on the substrate. For manufacturing the color filter of LCD panels, Applied offers the AKT-NEW ARISTOtm for transparent conductive oxide film deposition.
 
To complement these systems, Applied also offers a line of electron beam test (EBT) systems for testing substrates during production for defective pixels and other imperfections. Featuring one of the industry’s fastest and most accurate pixel test technologies with the lowest operating cost, the EBT systems’ non-contact test technology enables the safe testing of high-value LCD TV panels without damaging or scratching the display.
 
To meet growing consumer demand for larger, more cost-effective LCD TVs, LCD manufacturers have moved to increasingly larger-sized substrates. Applied’s latest generation (Gen) 10 systems can process substrates sized at approximately 2.85 x 3.05 meters, with each substrate enabling the production of up to six 65-inch LCD TV screens. These Gen-10 systems include the AKT-90K PECVD and the Gen-10 AKT-90K EBT products.
 
Energy and Environmental Solutions Segment
 
The Energy and Environmental Solutions segment includes manufacturing solutions for the generation and conservation of energy. To increase the conversion efficiency and yields of solar PV devices, Applied offers manufacturing solutions for wafer-based crystalline silicon (c-Si) and glass based thin film applications.
 
Applied’s portfolio of solar PV cell fabrication technologies has made it a leading supplier of c-Si manufacturing systems worldwide. Key benefits of these systems are high-productivity, advanced ultra-thin wafer handling, and extensive automation, helping customers to lower the cost per watt of electricity from solar PVs. Applied offers a comprehensive line of automated metallization and test systems for c-Si cell manufacturing. The Applied Baccini systems offer high-precision printing capability designed to increase the efficiency of c-Si solar cells. Applied also offers systems for slicing and squaring wafers from silicon ingots. The high productivity and performance of the Applied HCT B5 platform have made it the leading wire saw used by solar PV cell manufacturers worldwide. The Company also offers the Applied HCT Diamond Squarertm system, which uses diamond wire technology to eliminate the need for abrasive slurry and reduces electricity consumption.
 
Thin film solar technologies are ideally suited for large-scale applications, such as utility scale solar farms and commercial rooftops, where space is not a constraint. The Company offers the Applied AKT PECVD system for depositing low temperature polysilicon films for thin film applications. Applied also offers the ATONtm in-line deposition system, a large-area platform for high-quality deposition and high-throughput in both c-Si and thin film solar PV manufacturing.
 
Prior to the third quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied offered its fully-integrated SunFabtm production line for manufacturing large-size thin film panels. In the third quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied restructured its Energy and Environmental Solutions segment in response to adverse market conditions for thin film solar, including delays in utility-scale solar adoption, solar panel manufacturers’ challenges in obtaining affordable capital, changes and uncertainty in government renewable energy policies, and competitive pressure from c-Si solar technologies. As part of the restructuring, Applied discontinued sales to new customers of its fully-integrated SunFab lines, but will offer individual tools for thin film solar manufacturing. Applied is supporting existing SunFab line customers with services, upgrades and capacity increases through its Applied Global Services segment and will continue RD&E efforts to improve thin film panel efficiency and high-productivity deposition.
 
Other products offered under the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment include roll-to-roll, vacuum web coating systems for high-performance deposition of a range of films on flexible substrates for functional, aesthetic or optical properties. The Company’s Applied Topmettm 4450, is the world’s largest and fastest roll-to-roll machine for depositing ultra-thin aluminum films for flexible packaging applications.
 
Backlog
 
Applied manufactures systems to meet demand represented by order backlog and customer commitments. Backlog consists of: (1) orders for which written authorizations have been accepted and assigned shipment dates are within the next 12 months, or shipment has occurred but revenue has not been recognized; (2) contractual service


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revenue and maintenance fees to be earned within the next 12 months; and (3) orders for SunFab lines that are anticipated to be recognized as revenue within the next 12 months.
 
Applied’s backlog increased from $2.7 billion at October 25, 2009 to $3.2 billion at October 31, 2010. Applied’s backlog on any particular date is not necessarily indicative of actual sales for any succeeding period. Customers may delay delivery of products or cancel orders prior to shipment, subject to possible cancellation penalties. Delays in delivery schedules and/or a reduction of backlog during any particular period could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business and results of operations.
 
Manufacturing, Raw Materials and Supplies
 
Applied’s manufacturing activities consist primarily of procurement, assembly, test and integration of various proprietary and commercial parts, components and subassemblies (collectively, parts) that are used to manufacture systems. Manufacturing requires raw materials, including a wide variety of mechanical and electrical components, to be manufactured to Applied’s specifications. Applied uses numerous companies, including contract manufacturers, to supply parts and assembly services for the manufacture and support of its products. Although Applied makes reasonable efforts to assure that parts are available from multiple qualified suppliers, this is not always possible. Accordingly, some key parts may be obtained from only a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers. Applied seeks to reduce costs and to lower the risks of production and service interruptions, as well as shortages of key parts, by: (1) selecting and qualifying alternate suppliers for key parts; (2) monitoring the financial condition of key suppliers; (3) maintaining appropriate inventories of key parts; (4) qualifying new parts on a timely basis; and (5) locating certain manufacturing operations in areas that are closer to suppliers and customers Applied is implementing a more distributed manufacturing model, which includes transitioning certain manufacturing and supply chain activities from the United States and Europe to Singapore, Taiwan and other countries in Asia and completing assembly of some systems at the customer site.
 
Research, Development and Engineering
 
Applied’s long-term growth strategy requires continued development of new products. Applied’s significant investment in research, development and engineering (RD&E) has generally enabled it to deliver new products and technologies before the emergence of strong demand, thus allowing customers to incorporate these products into their manufacturing plans at an early stage in the technology selection cycle. Applied works closely with its global customers to design systems and processes that meet their planned technical and production requirements. Product development and engineering organizations are located primarily in the United States, as well as in Europe, Israel, Taiwan and China. In addition, Applied outsources certain RD&E activities, some of which are performed outside the United States, primarily in India. Process support and customer demonstration laboratories are located in the United States, China, Taiwan, Europe and Israel.
 
Applied’s investments in RD&E for product development and engineering programs to create or improve products and technologies over the last three years were as follows: $1.1 billion (12 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2010, $934 million (19 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2009 and $1.1 billion (14 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2008. Applied has spent an average of 13 percent of net sales in RD&E over the last five years. In addition to RD&E for specific product technologies, Applied maintains ongoing programs for automation control systems, materials research and environmental control that are applicable to its products.
 
In fiscal 2010, Applied developed new technology to enable next-generation 22nm and below chip designs. These systems were designed to help customers continue their drive to pack more transistors in the same space using using high-k/metal gate technologies and double patterning processes. Applied also developed technology for through-silicon vias (TSVs), an emerging solution for interconnecting three dimensional chip stacks to provide better device performance, lower power consumption and the integration of heterogeneous devices. In the solar PV area, Applied continued the development of its precision wafering and cell manufacturing products for lowering the cost of producing solar-generated electricity through advanced crystalline silicon technology. RD&E also included activities to develop products that enable lower-cost production of solar energy, production of light emitting diode (LED) devices for display backlighting and general lighting, and other products to enable energy conservation.


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In fiscal 2009, Applied focused on developing systems for semiconductor customers’ new chip designs with 32nm and below geometries, including systems to enable faster transistors using strain engineering and high-k/metal gate technologies, as well as double patterning processes that enable customers to extend their existing 193nm lithography tools through additional technology generations. Applied also focused on developing technology for manufacturing next generation displays. RD&E also included activities to develop products that enable lower-cost production of solar energy and other products to enable energy conservation.
 
In fiscal 2008, Applied focused on the development of processes and systems for the continued scaling of semiconductor devices. Applied pioneered a self-aligned double patterning approach that can enable 22nm and below device fabrication using conventional optical lithography. The Company also developed technology for the implementation of through-silicon vias. Efforts were also focused on developing the systems and technology to reduce the cost-per-watt of solar electricity.
 
Marketing and Sales
 
Net sales by geographic region, which are attributed according to the location of customers’ facilities, were as follows:
 
                                                 
    2010     2009     2008  
    ($)      (%)      ($)      (%)      ($)      (%)  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
Taiwan
    2,750       29       1,026       21       1,837       22  
Korea
    1,768       19       664       13       1,309       16  
China
    1,557       16       635       13       780       10  
Japan
    768       8       718       14       1,218       15  
Southeast Asia
    578       6       252       5       516       6  
                                                 
Asia Pacific
    7,421       78       3,295       66       5,660       69  
North America(*)
    1,147       12       966       19       1,520       19  
Europe
    981       10       753       15       949       12  
                                                 
Total
    9,549       100       5,014       100       8,129       100  
                                                 
 
 
(*) Primarily the United States.
 
Because of the highly technical nature of its products, Applied markets and sells products worldwide through a direct sales force. Approximately 88 percent of Applied’s fiscal 2010 net sales were to regions outside of the United States.
 
General economic conditions impact Applied’s business and financial results. From time to time, the markets in which products are sold experience weak economic conditions that may negatively impact sales. Applied’s business is usually not seasonal in nature, but it is highly cyclical, based on capital equipment investment by major semiconductor, flat panel display, solar PV and other manufacturers. Customers’ expenditures depend on many factors, including: anticipated market demand and pricing for semiconductors, LCDs, solar cells and modules, and other substrates; the development of new technologies; customers’ factory utilization; capital resources and financing; and global and regional economic conditions.
 
Applied manages its business and reports financial results based on the segments described above, but does not allocate certain sales and marketing costs to the segments.
 
Information on net sales to unaffiliated customers and long-lived assets attributable to Applied’s geographic regions is included in Note 17 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The following companies accounted


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for at least 10 percent of Applied’s net sales in 2010, 2009, and/or 2008, which were for products in multiple reportable segments.
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. 
    14 %     10 %     16 %
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
    11 %     *       *  
Intel Corporation
    *       12 %     *  
 
 
* Less than 10%.
 
Competition
 
The industries in which Applied operates are highly competitive and characterized by rapid technological change. Applied’s ability to compete generally depends on its ability to timely commercialize its technology, continually improve its products and develop new products that meet constantly evolving customer requirements. Significant competitive factors include technical capability and differentiation, productivity and cost-effectiveness. The importance of these factors varies according to customers’ needs, including product mix and respective product requirements, applications, and the timing and circumstances of purchasing decisions. Substantial competition exists in all areas of Applied’s business. Competitors range from small companies that compete with a single product and/or in a single region, to global, diversified companies with a range of products. Applied’s ability to compete requires a high level of investment in RD&E, marketing and sales and global customer support activities. Management believes that many of Applied’s products have strong competitive positions.
 
The competitive environment for each segment is described below:
 
The semiconductor industry has been increasingly driven by consumer demand for lower-cost electronic products with increased capability and, to a lesser extent, by demand for commercial applications. As a result, products within the Silicon Systems Group segment are subject to rapid changes in customer requirements, including transitions to smaller dimensions, new materials and an increasing number of applications. While certain existing technologies may be adapted to new requirements, some applications create the need for an entirely different technical approach. The rapid pace of technological change can quickly diminish the value of current technologies and products and create opportunities for existing and new competitors. Applied offers a broad portfolio of technically- differentiated products that must continuously evolve to satisfy customers’ requirements in order to compete effectively. Applied allocates resources among its numerous product offerings and therefore may decide not to invest in an individual product to the same degree as competitors who specialize in fewer products. There are a number of competitors serving the semiconductor manufacturing equipment industry, with some offering a single product line and others offering multiple product lines. These competitors range from suppliers serving a single region to global, diversified companies. Factors that influenced the competitive environment for the Silicon Systems Group in fiscal 2010 included the rebound in the semiconductor industry, driven by higher demand for PCs and cell phones as well as the introduction of tablet computers. Higher factory utilization rates and tight device supply led manufacturers to increase their wafer fab equipment (WFE) capital spending, which is the major driver for Silicon Systems Group net sales.
 
Products and services within the Applied Global Services segment are characterized by demanding worldwide service requirements and a diverse group of numerous competitors. To compete effectively, Applied offers products and services to reduce costs, improve productivity, and lessen the environmental impact of customers’ fab operations. Significant competitive factors include productivity, cost-effectiveness, and the level of technical service and support. The importance of these factors varies according to customers’ needs and the type of products or services offered. Customers with more significant operations and/or expertise may require fewer service products than customers who place greater reliance on an outsourcing model. Industry conditions that affected Applied Global Services’ sales of spares and services in fiscal 2010 were principally semiconductor manufacturers’ wafer starts as well as additions to the tool installed base.
 
Products in the Display segment are subject to strong competition from a number of major competitors. Applied holds established market positions with its technically-differentiated thin film technology (TFT)-LCD manufacturing solutions for PECVD, color filter PVD and TFT array testing, although its market position could


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change quickly due to customers’ evolving requirements. The competitive environment for Applied’s Display segment in fiscal 2010 was characterized by increased capacity requirements for larger flat panel televisions and growing global demand for touch screen devices.
 
Applied’s products within the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment compete in diverse market areas, including equipment to make solar PV cells and modules. All of these markets are driven by extreme pressure to reduce overall production costs and improve cell performance. In this segment, Applied offers products primarily for c-Si wafer-based applications. Applied competes with many other companies, some of which have more experience with solar applications and some of which are just entering the solar equipment business.
 
Patents and Licenses
 
Management believes that Applied’s competitive position significantly depends upon the Company’s research, development, engineering, manufacturing and marketing capabilities, and not just on its patent position. However, protection of Applied’s technological assets through enforcement of its intellectual property rights, including patents, is important. Therefore, Applied’s practice is to file patent applications in the United States and other countries for inventions that Applied considers significant. Applied has a substantial number of patents in the United States and other countries, and additional applications are pending for new inventions. Although Applied does not consider its business materially dependent upon any one patent, the rights of Applied and the products made and sold under its patents, taken as a whole, are a significant element of Applied’s business. In addition to patents, Applied also possesses other intellectual property, including trademarks, know-how, trade secrets and copyrights.
 
Applied enters into patent and technology licensing agreements with other companies when management determines that it is in the Company’s best interest to do so. Applied pays royalties under existing patent license agreements for the use, in several of its products, of certain patented technologies that are licensed to Applied for the life of the patents. Applied also receives royalties from licenses granted to third parties. Royalties received from or paid to third parties have not been, and are not expected to be, material to Applied’s consolidated results of operations.
 
In the normal course of business, Applied periodically receives and makes inquiries regarding possible patent infringement. In responding to such inquiries, it may become necessary or useful for Applied to obtain or grant licenses or other rights. However, there can be no assurance that such licenses or rights will be available to Applied on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. If Applied is not able to resolve or settle claims, obtain necessary licenses on commercially reasonable terms, and/or successfully prosecute or defend its position, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Environmental Matters
 
Applied maintains a number of environmental, health and safety programs that are primarily preventive in nature. As part of these programs, Applied regularly monitors ongoing compliance with applicable laws and regulations. In addition, Applied has trained personnel to conduct investigations of any environmental, health or safety incidents, including, without limitation, spills, releases or possible contamination.
 
Compliance with federal, state and local environmental, health and safety provisions, including, without limitation, those regulating the discharge of materials into the environment, remedial agreements and other actions relating to the environment have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on Applied’s capital expenditures, competitive position, financial condition or results of operations.
 
The most recent report on Applied’s environmental, health and safety activities can be found in the Company’s Citizenship Report on its website at http://www.appliedmaterials.com/about/environment.html with additional information at http://www.appliedmaterials.com/about/cr/sustainability. The Citizenship Report is updated periodically. This website address is intended to be an inactive textual reference only. None of the information on Applied’s website is part of this Form 10-K or is incorporated by reference herein.
 
Employees
 
At October 31, 2010, Applied employed approximately 13,000 regular employees and 1,325 temporary employees. In the high-technology industry, competition for highly-skilled employees is intense. Applied believes


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that its future success is highly dependent upon its continued ability to attract, retain and motivate qualified employees. There can be no assurance that Applied will be able to attract, hire, assimilate, motivate and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees.
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
The following table and notes set forth information about Applied’s executive officers as of October 31, 2010:
 
     
Name of Individual   Position
 
Michael R. Splinter(1)
  Chairman of Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer
George S. Davis(2)
  Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
Mark R. Pinto(3)
  Executive Vice President, General Manager Energy and Environmental Solutions and Display, Chief Technology Officer
Randhir Thakur(4)
  Executive Vice President, General Manager Silicon Systems
Joseph Flanagan(5)
  Senior Vice President, Worldwide Operations and Supply Chain
Manfred Kerschbaum(6)
  Senior Vice President, Chief of Staff
Joseph J. Sweeney(7)
  Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
Chris Bowers(8)
  Group Vice President, Corporate Initiatives
Ron Kifer(9)
  Group Vice President, Chief Information Officer
Mary Humiston(10)
  Group Vice President, Global Human Resources
Charlie Pappis(11)
  Group Vice President, General Manager Applied Global Services
Thomas S. Timko(12)
  Corporate Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
 
 
(1) Mr. Splinter, age 60, was named President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of Applied’s Board of Directors upon joining Applied in April 2003, and he has been Chairman of the Board of Directors since March 2009. Prior to joining Applied, Mr. Splinter worked for nearly 20 years at Intel Corporation (Intel), most recently as Executive Vice President and Director of the Sales and Marketing Group, responsible for sales and operations worldwide. Mr. Splinter previously held various executive positions at Intel, including Executive Vice President and General Manager of the Technology and Manufacturing Group.
 
(2) Mr. Davis, age 53, was promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer in December 2006, after being appointed Group Vice President, Chief Financial Officer effective November 2006. Previously, he had been Group Vice President, General Manager, Corporate Business Development since February 2005. From November 1999 to February 2005, Mr. Davis served as Vice President and Corporate Treasurer, where he managed Applied’s worldwide treasury operations and was responsible for investments, tax, financial risk management, and trade and export matters. Mr. Davis joined Applied in 1999.
 
(3) Dr. Pinto, age 51, has served as Executive Vice President since joining Applied in January 2004. His current responsibility is General Manager, Energy and Environmental Solutions and Display as well as corporate Chief Technology Officer. Prior to joining Applied, Dr. Pinto spent 19 years with Bell Laboratories and the Lucent Microelectronics Group, which later became Agere Systems Inc., most recently as Vice President of the Analog Products Division. Dr. Pinto holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.
 
(4) Dr. Thakur, age 48, has held the position of Executive Vice President, General Manager Silicon Systems since October 2009. Previously, he was Senior Vice President, General Manager, Thin Film Solar and Display. He was appointed Senior Vice President, General Manager, Strategic Operations when he rejoined Applied in May 2008. He previously was with Applied from 2000 to 2005 in a variety of executive roles including Group Vice President, General Manager for Front End Products. From September 2005 to May 2008, Dr. Thakur served as Executive Vice President of Technology and Fab Operations at SanDisk Corporation and as head of SanDisk’s worldwide operations. Prior to joining Applied in 2000, Dr. Thakur served in leadership roles at Steag Electronic Systems AG and Micron Technology, Inc.


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(5) Mr. Flanagan, age 39, was appointed Senior Vice President, Worldwide Operations and Supply Chain in February 2010. Prior to joining Applied, Mr. Flanagan held executive positions in global operations for Nortel Networks Corporation, including president of Nortel Business Services from August 2009 to February 2010. Previously, Mr. Flanagan held a number of positions from 1993 to 2006 at General Electric.
 
(6) Mr. Kerschbaum, age 56, was named Senior Vice President, Chief of Staff in September 2009. Prior to that he served as Senior Vice President, General Manager, Applied Global Services from January 2005 to September 2009. Mr. Kerschbaum was Senior Vice President, Global Operations from July 2004 to January 2005 and from October 2002 to May 2003. From May 2003 to July 2004, he was Group Vice President, Foundation Engineering and Operations. From January 1996 to October 2002, he held various positions in Applied Materials North America, most recently as Group Vice President, General Manager, Applied Materials North America. Mr. Kerschbaum has served in various other operations, customer service and engineering positions since joining Applied in 1983.
 
(7) Mr. Sweeney, age 62, has held the position of Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of Applied since July 2005, with responsibility for global legal affairs, intellectual property and security. From April 2002 to July 2005, Mr. Sweeney was Group Vice President, Legal Affairs and Intellectual Property, and Corporate Secretary. Mr. Sweeney joined Applied in 1993.
 
(8) Mr. Bowers, age 50, has been Group Vice President, Corporate Initiatives since March 2008. From March 2008 to September 2009, he was Group Vice President and General Manager of Corporate Services and Chief of Staff, working closely with executives on effective business strategy execution. Prior to joining Applied, Mr. Bowers was a partner at the Hay Group, where he held various business leadership and consulting positions from 1992 to 2008. Most recently, he was Director of Client Services in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and a member of the Hay Group Global R&D Council.
 
(9) Mr. Kifer, age 59, joined Applied in May 2006 as Group Vice President and Chief Information Officer, Global Information Services. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Kifer spent five years with DHL in various executive management roles, most recently as the Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer for North America, Asia Pacific and Emerging Markets.
 
(10) Ms. Humiston, age 45, was named Group Vice President, Global Human Resources, in May 2010. Prior to that, she served as the Corporate Vice President of Human Resources for both the Energy and Environmental Solutions and Display groups. Prior to joining Applied, Ms. Humiston was Vice President of Human Resources at Honeywell International Inc. from October 2002 to June 2008, with responsibility for various corporate and international organizations. She previously held executive positions with PeoplePC, Gap, Inc. and General Electric.
 
(11) Mr. Pappis, age 50, has been Group Vice President and General Manager of Applied Global Services since September 2009. He previously held positions in Applied Global Services as Corporate Vice President and General Manager for the Semiconductor Service Solutions group and as general manager for Equipment Productivity Services. He has held various other management positions since joining Applied in 1986.
 
(12) Mr. Timko, age 42, joined Applied in March 2010 as Corporate Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer. From June 2006 until March 2010, Mr. Timko was with Delphi Automotive LLP, where he was most recently Chief Accounting Officer and Controller. He served as Assistant Controller for The Interpublic Group of Companies, Inc. from December 2004 to June 2006, and previously at Dover Corporation. Mr. Timko began his career in 1991 with PricewaterhouseCoopers LLC and is a certified public accountant.
 
Available Information
 
Applied’s website is http://www.appliedmaterials.com. Applied makes available free of charge, on or through its website, its annual, quarterly and current reports, and any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such reports with, or furnishing them to, the SEC. This website address is intended to be an inactive textual reference only. None of the information on Applied’s website is part of this Form 10-K or is incorporated by reference herein.


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Item 1A:   Risk Factors
 
The following factors could materially affect Applied’s business, financial condition or results of operations and should be carefully considered in evaluating the Company and its business, in addition to other information presented elsewhere in this report.
 
The industries that Applied serves are volatile and difficult to predict.
 
As a supplier to the global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar and related industries, Applied is subject to business cycles, the timing, length and volatility of which can be difficult to predict and which vary by reportable segment. These industries historically have been cyclical due to sudden changes in customers’ manufacturing capacity and advanced technology requirements and spending, which depend in part on customers’ capacity utilization, production volumes, end-use demand, and inventory levels relative to demand, as well as the rate of technology transitions and customers’ access to affordable capital. These changes have affected the timing and amounts of customers’ purchases and investments in technology, and continue to affect Applied’s orders, net sales, operating expenses and net income.
 
To meet rapidly changing demand in the industries it serves, Applied must accurately forecast demand and effectively manage its resources and production capacity for each of its segments as well as across multiple segments. During periods of increasing demand for its products, Applied must have sufficient manufacturing capacity and inventory to meet customer demand; effectively manage its supply chain; attract, retain and motivate a sufficient number of qualified employees; and continue to control costs. During periods of decreasing demand, Applied must reduce costs and align its cost structure with prevailing market conditions; effectively manage its supply chain; and motivate and retain key employees. If Applied does not accurately forecast and timely and appropriately adapt to changes in its business environment, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied is exposed to risks associated with the difficult financial markets and uncertain global economy.
 
The tightening of the credit markets, disruption in the financial markets, and global economic recession that began in 2008 contributed to significant slowdowns in the industries in which Applied operates. Although economic and market conditions have improved, continuing difficulties in the financial markets and uncertainty regarding the global economic recovery are posing challenges. The markets for semiconductors and flat panel displays in particular depend largely on consumer spending. Economic uncertainty exacerbates negative trends in consumer spending and may cause certain Applied customers to push out, cancel, or refrain from placing orders for equipment or services, which may reduce net sales, reduce backlog, and affect Applied’s ability to convert backlog to sales. Difficulties in obtaining capital, uncertain market conditions, or reduced profitability may also cause some customers to scale back operations, exit businesses, merge with other manufacturers, or file for bankruptcy protection and potentially cease operations, leading to customers’ reduced research and development funding and/or capital expenditures and, in turn, lower sales and/or additional inventory or bad debt expense for Applied. These conditions may also similarly affect key suppliers, which could impair their ability to deliver parts and result in delays for Applied’s products or added costs. In addition, these conditions may lead to strategic alliances by, or consolidation of, other equipment manufacturers, which could adversely affect Applied’s ability to compete effectively.
 
Uncertainty about future economic and industry conditions also makes it more challenging for Applied to forecast its operating results, make business decisions, and identify the risks that may affect its business, sources and uses of cash, financial condition and results of operations. Applied may be required to implement additional cost reduction efforts, including restructuring activities, and/or modify its business model, which may adversely affect Applied’s ability to capitalize on opportunities in a market recovery. In addition, Applied maintains an investment portfolio that is subject to general credit, liquidity, foreign exchange, market and interest rate risks. The risks to Applied’s investment portfolio may be exacerbated if financial market conditions deteriorate and, as a result, the value and liquidity of the investment portfolio and return on pension assets could be negatively impacted and lead to impairment charges. If Applied does not timely and appropriately adapt to changes resulting from the uncertain


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macroeconomic environment and industry conditions, Applied’s business, financial condition or results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied is exposed to risks as a result of ongoing changes in the various industries in which it operates.
 
The global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar and related industries in which Applied operates are characterized by ongoing changes affecting some or all of these industries, including:
 
  •  increasing capital requirements for building and operating new fabrication plants and customers’ ability to raise the necessary capital, particularly in a difficult financial market;
 
  •  differences in growth rates among the semiconductor, display and solar industries;
 
  •  the increasing importance of establishing, improving and maintaining strong relationships with customers;
 
  •  abrupt and unforeseen shifts in the nature and amount of customer and end-user demand;
 
  •  the increasing cost and complexity for customers to move from product design to volume manufacturing, which may slow the adoption rate for new manufacturing technology;
 
  •  the need to reduce the total cost of manufacturing system ownership, due in part to greater demand for lower-cost consumer electronics as compared to business information technology spending;
 
  •  the heightened importance to customers of system reliability and productivity and the effect on demand for fabrication systems as a result of their increasing productivity, device yield and reliability;
 
  •  the increasing importance of, and difficulties in, developing products with sufficient differentiation to influence customers’ purchasing decisions;
 
  •  requirements for shorter cycle times for the development, manufacture and installation of manufacturing equipment;
 
  •  price and performance trends for semiconductor devices, LCDs and solar PVs, and the corresponding effect on demand for such products;
 
  •  the increasing importance of the availability of spare parts to maximize the time that customers’ systems are available for production;
 
  •  the increasing role for and complexity of software in Applied products; and
 
  •  the increasing focus on reducing energy usage and improving the environmental impact and sustainability associated with manufacturing operations.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from the ongoing changes in the semiconductor, flat panel display, solar and related industries, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied is exposed to risks as a result of ongoing changes specific to the semiconductor industry.
 
The greatest portion of Applied’s consolidated net sales and profitability historically has been derived from sales of manufacturing equipment by the Silicon Systems Group to the global semiconductor industry. In addition, a majority of the revenues of Applied Global Services is from sales of service products to semiconductor manufacturers. The semiconductor industry is characterized by ongoing changes particular to that industry in addition to the general industry changes described in the preceding risk factor, including:
 
  •  the increasing cost of research and development due to many factors, including: decreasing linewidths on a chip; the use of new materials such as cobalt and yttrium; new and more complex device structures; more applications and process steps; increasing chip design costs; and the increasing cost and complexity of integrated manufacturing processes;
 
  •  the growing number of types and varieties of semiconductors and number of applications across multiple substrate sizes;


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  •  differing market growth rates and capital requirements for different applications, such as NAND Flash, DRAM, logic and foundry, and the resulting effect on customers’ spending patterns and on Applied’s ability to compete in these market segments;
 
  •  the increasing cost and complexity for semiconductor manufacturers to move more technically advanced capability and smaller linewidths to volume manufacturing, and the resulting impact on the rates of technology transition and investment in capital equipment;
 
  •  semiconductor manufacturers’ increasing adoption of more productive 300mm systems in relation to 200mm system capacity, and the resulting effect on demand for manufacturing equipment and services;
 
  •  the decreasing rate of capital expenditures as a percentage of semiconductor manufacturers’ revenue;
 
  •  shorter cycle times between customers’ order placement and product shipment, which may lead to inventory write-offs and manufacturing inefficiencies that decrease gross margin;
 
  •  technology developments in related markets, such as lithography, to which Applied may need to adapt;
 
  •  competitive factors that make it difficult to enhance market position;
 
  •  the importance of growing market positions in larger market segments, such as etch and inspection;
 
  •  the increasing concentration of wafer starts in one country, Korea, where Applied’s service penetration and service-revenue-per-wafer-start have been lower than in other regions;
 
  •  the increasing fragmentation of semiconductor markets, leading certain markets to become too small to support the cost of a new fabrication plant, while others require less technologically advanced products; and
 
  •  the cost, technical complexity and timing of a proposed transition from 300mm to 450mm wafers.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from the ongoing changes occurring in the semiconductor industry, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied is exposed to risks as a result of ongoing changes specific to the flat panel display industry.
 
The global flat panel display industry historically has experienced considerable volatility in capital equipment investment levels, due in part to the limited number of LCD manufacturers and the concentrated nature of LCD end-use applications. Recently, industry growth has depended to a considerable extent on consumer demand for increasingly larger and more advanced TVs. In addition to the general industry changes described above in the third risk factor, the display industry is characterized by ongoing changes particular to that industry, including:
 
  •  the planned expansion of manufacturing facilities in China by Chinese display manufacturers as well as manufacturers from other countries, and the ability of non-Chinese manufacturers to obtain government approvals;
 
  •  technical and financial difficulties associated with transitioning to larger substrate sizes for LCDs;
 
  •  the effect of a slowing rate of transition to larger substrate sizes on capital intensity and product differentiation;
 
  •  technical difficulties and costs associated with developing new technologies for use in LCD manufacturing, such as LEDs for backlighting;
 
  •  new energy efficiency standards for large-screen LCD TVs; and
 
  •  uncertainty with respect to future LCD technology end-use applications and growth drivers.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from the ongoing changes occurring in the display industry, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.


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Applied is exposed to risks as a result of ongoing changes specific to the solar industry.
 
Applied anticipates that an increasing portion of its business will be in the emerging solar market, which, in addition to the general industry changes described above in the third risk factor, is characterized by ongoing changes specific to the solar industry, including:
 
  •  the need to continually decrease the cost-per-watt of electricity produced by solar PV products by, among other things, reducing operating costs and increasing throughputs for solar PV manufacturing, and improving the conversion efficiency of solar PVs;
 
  •  the impact on demand for solar PV products arising from the cost of electricity generated by solar PVs compared to the cost of electricity from the existing grid or other energy sources;
 
  •  the varying energy policies of governments around the world and their effect in influencing the rate of growth of the solar PV market, including the availability and amount of government incentives for solar power such as tax credits, feed-in tariffs, rebates, renewable portfolio standards that require electricity providers to sell a targeted amount of energy from renewable sources, and goals for solar installations on government facilities;
 
  •  the cost of polysilicon and other materials;
 
  •  changes in the nature and amount of end demand for solar PVs that may adversely impact the sales growth rates and profitability of Applied’s products;
 
  •  varying levels of infrastructure investment for “smart grid” technologies to modernize and enhance the transmission, distribution and use of electricity, which link distributed solar PV sources to population centers, increase transmission capability, and optimize power usage;
 
  •  access to affordable financing and capital by customers and end-users; and
 
  •  the growing number of solar PV manufacturers and increasing global production capacity for solar PVs, primarily in China as a result of increased solar subsidies and lower manufacturing costs, which may lead to oversupply.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from the ongoing changes occurring in the solar industry, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied must adapt its business and product offerings to respond to competition and rapid technological changes.
 
As Applied operates in a highly competitive environment, its future success depends on many factors, including the effective commercialization and customer acceptance of its equipment, services and related products. In addition, Applied must successfully execute its growth strategy, including enhancing market share in existing markets, expanding into related markets, cultivating new markets and exceeding industry growth rates, while constantly improving its operational performance. The development, introduction and support of a broadening set of products in more varied competitive environments have grown increasingly complex and expensive over time. Furthermore, new or improved products may entail higher costs and reduced profits. Applied’s performance may be adversely affected if it does not timely, cost-effectively and successfully:
 
  •  develop new products, improve and/or develop new applications for existing products, and adapt similar products for use by customers in different applications and/or markets with varying technical requirements;
 
  •  appropriately price and achieve market acceptance of products;
 
  •  differentiate its products from those of competitors and any disruptive technologies, meet performance specifications, and drive efficiencies and cost reductions;
 
  •  maintain operating flexibility to enable different responses to different markets, customers and applications;


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  •  allocate resources, including people and R&D funding, among Applied’s products and between the development of new products and the enhancement of existing products, as most appropriate and effective for future growth;
 
  •  reduce the cost of, and improve the productivity of capital invested in, R&D activities;
 
  •  accurately forecast demand, work with suppliers and meet production schedules for its products;
 
  •  improve its manufacturing processes and achieve cost efficiencies across product offerings;
 
  •  adapt to changes in value offered by companies in different parts of the supply chain;
 
  •  qualify products for volume manufacturing with its customers; and
 
  •  implement changes in its design engineering methodology, including those that enable reduction of material costs and cycle time, greater commonality of platforms and types of parts used in different systems, greater effectiveness of product life cycle management, and reduced energy usage and environmental impact.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage these challenges, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Operating in multiple industries, and the entry into new markets and industries, entail additional challenges.
 
As part of its growth strategy, Applied must successfully expand into related or new markets and industries, either with its existing products or with new products developed internally or obtained through acquisitions. The entry into different markets involves additional challenges, including those arising from:
 
  •  the need to devote additional resources to develop new products for, and operate in, new markets;
 
  •  differing rates of profitability and growth among multiple businesses;
 
  •  Applied’s ability to anticipate demand, capitalize on opportunities, and avoid or minimize risks;
 
  •  the complexity of managing multiple businesses with variations in production planning, execution, supply chain management and logistics;
 
  •  the adoption of new business models;
 
  •  the need to undertake activities to grow demand for end-products;
 
  •  the need to develop adequate new business processes and systems;
 
  •  Applied’s ability to rapidly expand its operations to meet increased demand and the associated effect on working capital;
 
  •  new materials, processes and technologies;
 
  •  the need to attract, motivate and retain employees with skills and expertise in these new areas;
 
  •  new and more diverse customers and suppliers, including some with limited operating histories, uncertain and/or limited funding, evolving business models and/or locations in regions where Applied does not have existing operations;
 
  •  different customer service requirements;
 
  •  new or different competitors with potentially more financial or other resources, industry experience and/or established customer relationships;
 
  •  entry into new industries and countries, with differing levels of government involvement, laws and regulations, and business, employment and safety practices;
 
  •  third parties’ intellectual property rights; and
 
  •  the need to comply with, or work to establish, industry standards and practices.


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In addition, Applied has begun applying for and receiving funding from United States and other government agencies for certain strategic development programs to increase its R&D resources and address new market opportunities. As a condition to this government funding, Applied may be subject to certain record-keeping, audit, intellectual property rights-sharing and/or other obligations.
 
If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from its diversification and entry into new markets and industries, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Applied is exposed to the risks of operating a global business.
 
In fiscal 2010, approximately 88 percent of Applied’s net sales were to customers in regions outside the United States. Certain of Applied’s R&D and manufacturing facilities, as well as suppliers to Applied, are also located outside the United States, including in Singapore, Taiwan, China, Korea, Israel, Italy and Switzerland. Applied is also expanding its business and operations in new countries. The global nature of Applied’s business and operations presents challenges, including but not limited to those arising from:
 
  •  varying regional and geopolitical business conditions and demands;
 
  •  political and social attitudes, laws, rules, regulations and policies within countries that favor domestic companies over non-domestic companies, including customer- or government-supported efforts to promote the development and growth of local competitors;
 
  •  variations among, and changes in, local, regional, national or international laws and regulations (including intellectual property, labor, tax, and import /export laws), as well as the interpretation and application of such laws and regulations;
 
  •  global trade issues, including those related to the interpretation and application of import and export licenses;
 
  •  positions taken by governmental agencies regarding possible national commercial and/or security issues posed by international business operations;
 
  •  fluctuating raw material, commodity and energy costs;
 
  •  challenges associated with managing more geographically diverse operations and projects ;
 
  •  varying customs, practices and expectations of workers in different regions;
 
  •  variations in the ability to develop relationships with local customers, suppliers and governments;
 
  •  fluctuations in interest rates and currency exchange rates, including the relative strength or weakness of the U.S. dollar and the euro;
 
  •  the need to provide sufficient levels of technical support in different locations;
 
  •  political instability, natural disasters (such as earthquakes, floods or storms), pandemics, terrorism or acts of war in locations where Applied has operations, suppliers or sales;
 
  •  cultural and language differences;
 
  •  shipping costs and/or delays;
 
  •  the need to continually improve the Company’s operating cost structure;
 
  •  difficulties and uncertainties associated with the entry into new countries;
 
  •  uncertainties with respect to economic growth rates in various countries; and
 
  •  uncertainties with respect to growth rates for the manufacture and sales of semiconductors, LCDs and solar PVs in the developing economies of certain countries.
 
Many of these challenges are present in China and Korea, which are experiencing significant growth of both suppliers and competitors to Applied. Applied further believes that China and Korea present large potential markets


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for its products and opportunity for growth over the long term, although at lower projected levels of profitability and margins for certain products than historically have been achieved in other regions. In addition, Applied must regularly reassess the size, capability and location of its global infrastructure and make appropriate changes, and must have effective change management processes and procedures to address changes in its business and operations. These challenges may materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied is exposed to risks associated with a highly concentrated customer base.
 
Applied’s semiconductor and flat panel display customer bases historically have been, and are becoming even more, highly concentrated as a result of economic and industry conditions. For example, in fiscal 2010, four semiconductor manufacturers accounted for 51 percent of Silicon Systems Group net sales, and five LCD manufacturers accounted for 71 percent of Display net sales.Certain customers have experienced significant ownership or management changes, consolidated with other manufacturers, outsourced manufacturing activities, or engaged in collaboration or cooperation arrangements with other manufacturers. In addition, customers have entered into strategic alliances or industry consortia that have increased the influence of key industry participants in technology decisions made by their partners. Also, certain semiconductor and display customers are making an increasingly greater percentage of their respective industry’s capital equipment investments.
 
In this environment, contracts or orders from a relatively limited number of semiconductor and display manufacturers have accounted for, and are expected to continue to account for, a substantial portion of Applied’s business, which may result in added complexities in managing customer relationships and transactions. In addition, the mix and type of customers, and sales to any single customer, may vary significantly from quarter to quarter and from year to year. If customers do not place orders, or they substantially reduce, delay or cancel orders, Applied may not be able to replace the business. As Applied’s products are configured to customer specifications, changing, rescheduling or canceling orders may result in significant, non-recoverable costs. Major customers may also seek, and on occasion receive, pricing, payment, intellectual property-related, or other commercial terms that are less favorable to Applied. These factors could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Manufacturing interruptions or delays could affect Applied’s ability to meet customer demand and lead to higher costs, while the failure to estimate customer demand accurately could result in excess or obsolete inventory.
 
Applied’s business depends on its timely supply of equipment, services and related products that meet the rapidly changing technical and volume requirements of its customers, which depends in part on the timely delivery of parts, components and subassemblies (collectively, parts) from suppliers and timely performance by contract manufacturers. Some key parts may be subject to long lead-times and/or obtainable only from a single supplier or limited group of suppliers, and some sourcing or subassembly is provided by suppliers located in countries other than the United States, including China and Korea. Cyclical industry conditions and the volatility of demand for manufacturing equipment increase capital, technical, operational and other risks for companies throughout Applied’s supply chain. Further, the adverse conditions in the credit and financial markets and industry slowdowns in recent periods have caused, and may continue to cause, some suppliers to scale back operations, exit businesses, merge with other companies, or file for bankruptcy protection and possibly cease operations, potentially affecting Applied’s ability to obtain quality parts on a timely basis. Applied may experience significant interruptions of its manufacturing operations, delays in its ability to deliver products or services, increased costs or customer order cancellations as a result of:
 
  •  the failure or inability of suppliers to timely deliver sufficient quantities of quality parts on a cost-effective basis;
 
  •  volatility in the availability and cost of materials;
 
  •  difficulties or delays in obtaining required import or export approvals;
 
  •  information technology or infrastructure failures;


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  •  natural disasters (such as earthquakes, floods or storms); or
 
  •  other causes (such as regional economic downturns, pandemics, political instability, terrorism, or acts of war) that could result in delayed deliveries, manufacturing inefficiencies, increased costs or order cancellations.
 
In addition, Applied’s need to rapidly increase its business and manufacturing capacity to meet increases in demand or expedited shipment schedules may exacerbate any interruptions in Applied’s manufacturing operations and supply chain and the associated effect on Applied’s working capital. Moreover, if actual demand for Applied’s products is different than expected, Applied may purchase more/fewer parts than necessary or incur costs for canceling, postponing or expediting delivery of parts. If Applied purchases inventory in anticipation of customer demand that does not materialize, or if customers reduce or delay orders, Applied may incur excess inventory charges. Any or all of these factors could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied is exposed to risks associated with acquisitions and strategic investments.
 
Applied has made, and in the future intends to make, acquisitions of, and investments in, companies, technologies or products in existing, related or new markets for Applied. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including but not limited to:
 
  •  diversion of management’s attention from other operational matters;
 
  •  inability to complete acquisitions as anticipated or at all;
 
  •  inability to realize anticipated benefits;
 
  •  failure to commercialize purchased technologies;
 
  •  inability to capitalize on characteristics of new markets that may be significantly different from Applied’s existing markets and where competitors may have stronger market positions and customer relationships;
 
  •  failure to attract, retain and motivate key employees from the acquired business;
 
  •  exposure to new operational risks, rules, regulations, worker expectations, customs and practices to the extent acquired businesses are located in countries where Applied has not historically conducted business;
 
  •  challenges associated with managing new, more diverse and more widespread operations, projects and people;
 
  •  inability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights in key technologies;
 
  •  inadequacy or ineffectiveness of an acquired company’s internal financial controls, disclosure controls and procedures, and/or environmental, health & safety, human resource, or other policies or practices;
 
  •  impairment of acquired intangible assets and goodwill as a result of changing business conditions, technological advancements or worse-than-expected performance of the segment;
 
  •  the risk of litigation or disputes with customers, suppliers, partners or stockholders of an acquisition target arising from a proposed or completed transaction;
 
  •  unknown, underestimated and/or undisclosed commitments or liabilities;
 
  •  inappropriate scale of acquired entities’ critical resources or facilities for business needs; and
 
  •  ineffective integration of operations, systems, technologies, products or employees of an acquired business.
 
Applied also makes strategic investments in other companies, including companies formed as joint ventures, which may decline in value and/or not meet desired objectives. The success of these investments depends on various factors over which Applied may have limited or no control and, particularly with respect to joint ventures, requires ongoing and effective cooperation with strategic partners. The risks to Applied’s strategic investment portfolio may be exacerbated by unfavorable financial market and macroeconomic conditions and, as a result, the value of the


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investment portfolio could be negatively impacted and lead to impairment charges. Mergers and acquisitions and strategic investments are inherently subject to significant risks, and the inability to effectively manage these risks could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations. If Applied does not successfully manage the risks associated with acquisitions and strategic investments, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
The ability to attract, retain and motivate key employees is vital to Applied’s success.
 
Applied’s success and competitiveness depend in large part on its ability to attract, retain and motivate key employees. Achieving this objective may be difficult due to many factors, including fluctuations in global economic and industry conditions, changes in Applied’s management or leadership, competitors’ hiring practices, cost reduction activities (including workforce reductions), and the effectiveness of Applied’s compensation and benefit programs, including its share-based programs. Applied periodically evaluates its overall compensation program and makes adjustments, as appropriate, to enhance its competitiveness. If Applied does not successfully attract, retain and motivate key employees, Applied may be unable to capitalize on its opportunities and its operating results may be materially and adversely affected.
 
The failure to successfully implement and conduct outsourcing activities and other operational initiatives could adversely affect results of operations.
 
To better align its costs with market conditions, locate closer to customers, enhance productivity, and improve efficiencies, Applied conducts engineering, software development, manufacturing, sourcing and other operations in regions outside the United States, including India, China, and Korea. Applied is implementing a more distributed manufacturing model, which includes transitioning certain manufacturing and supply chain activities from the United States and Europe to Singapore, Taiwan and other countries in Asia and completing assembly of some systems at the customer site. In addition, Applied outsources certain functions to third parties, including companies in the United States, India, China, Korea and other countries. Outsourced functions include contract manufacturing, engineering, customer support, software development, information technology support, finance and administrative activities. The expanding role of third party providers has required changes to Applied’s existing operations and the adoption of new procedures and processes for retaining and managing these providers, as well as redistributing responsibilities as warranted, in order to realize the potential productivity and operational efficiencies, assure quality and continuity of supply, and protect Applied’s intellectual property. If Applied does not accurately forecast the amount, timing and mix of demand for products, or if contract manufacturers or other outsource providers fail to perform in a timely manner or at satisfactory quality levels, Applied’s ability to meet customer requirements could suffer, particularly during a market upturn.
 
In addition, Applied is implementing a comprehensive program to better align its global organizations and processes, including initiatives to enhance the Asia supply chain, integrate its sales teams into the business units, and improve back office and information technology infrastructure for more efficient transaction processing. Applied also is implementing a multi-year, company-wide program to transform certain business processes, including the transition to a single enterprise resource planning (ERP) software system to perform various functions. The implementation of additional functionality to the ERP system entails certain risks, including difficulties with changes in business processes that could disrupt Applied’s operations, such as its ability to track orders and timely ship products, project inventory requirements, manage its supply chain and aggregate financial and operational data. The implementation of new initiatives may not achieve the anticipated benefits and may divert management’s attention from other operational activities, negatively affect employee morale, or have other unintended consequences.
 
If Applied does not effectively develop and implement its outsourcing and relocation strategies, if required export and other governmental approvals are not timely obtained, if Applied’s third party providers do not perform as anticipated, or if there are delays or difficulties in enhancing business processes, Applied may not realize anticipated productivity improvements or cost efficiencies, and may experience operational difficulties, increased costs (including energy and transportation), manufacturing interruptions or delays, inefficiencies in the structure and/or operation of its supply chain, loss of its intellectual property rights, quality issues, increased product


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time-to-market, and/or inefficient allocation of human resources, any or all of which could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied may incur impairment charges to goodwill or long-lived assets.
 
Applied has a significant amount of goodwill and other acquired intangible assets related to acquisitions. Goodwill and purchased intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and more frequently when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The review compares the fair value for each of Applied’s reporting units to its associated carrying value, including goodwill. Factors that could lead to impairment of goodwill and intangible assets include adverse industry or economic trends, reduced estimates of future cash flows, declines in the market price of Applied common stock, changes in the Company’s strategies or product portfolio, and restructuring activities. Applied’s valuation methodology for assessing impairment requires management to make judgments and assumptions based on historical experience and projections of future operating performance. Applied may be required to record a charge to earnings during the period in which an impairment of goodwill or amortizable intangible assets is determined to exist, which could materially and adversely affect Applied’s results of operations.
 
Applied is exposed to various risks related to legal proceedings or claims and protection of intellectual property rights.
 
Applied from time to time is, and in the future may be, involved in legal proceedings or claims regarding patent infringement, intellectual property rights, antitrust, environmental regulations, securities, contracts, product performance, product liability, unfair competition, misappropriation of trade secrets, employment, workplace safety, and other matters. Applied also on occasion receives notification from customers who believe that Applied owes them indemnification or other obligations related to claims made against such customers by third parties.
 
In February 2010, the Seoul Prosecutor’s Office for the Eastern District in Korea indicted certain employees of Applied Materials Korea (AMK), including the former head of AMK who at the time of indictment was a vice president of Applied Materials, Inc., along with employees of several other companies, alleging the improper receipt and use of the confidential information of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Samsung), a major customer. Hearings on these matters are ongoing in the Seoul Eastern District Court.. Applied and Samsung entered into a settlement agreement effective as of November 1, 2010, which resolves potential civil claims related to this matter and which is separate from and does not affect the criminal proceedings.
 
Legal proceedings and claims, whether with or without merit, and associated internal investigations, may (1) be time-consuming and expensive to prosecute, defend or conduct; (2) divert management’s attention and other Applied resources; (3) inhibit Applied’s ability to sell its products; (4) result in adverse judgments for damages, injunctive relief, penalties and fines; and/or (5) negatively affect Applied’s business. There can be no assurance regarding the outcome of current or future legal proceedings, claims or investigations. If Applied is not able to favorably resolve or settle legal proceedings or claims, or in the event of any adverse findings against Applied or any of its employees, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected and Applied may suffer harm to its reputation.
 
Applied’s success depends in significant part on the protection of its intellectual property and other rights. Infringement of Applied’s rights by a third party, such as the unauthorized manufacture or sale of equipment or spare parts, could result in uncompensated lost market and revenue opportunities for Applied. Applied’s intellectual property rights may not provide significant competitive advantages if they are circumvented, invalidated, rendered obsolete by the rapid pace of technological change, or if Applied does not adequately protect or assert these rights. Furthermore, the laws and practices of other countries, including China, India, Taiwan and Korea, permit the protection and enforcement of Applied’s rights to varying extents, which may not be sufficient to protect Applied’s rights. Applied previously entered into an arrangement with one of its competitors to decrease the risk of patent infringement lawsuits in the future. There can be no assurance that the intended results of this arrangement will be achieved or that Applied will be able to adequately protect its intellectual property rights with the restrictions associated with the arrangement. If Applied is not able to favorably resolve or settle claims, obtain or enforce


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intellectual property rights, obtain necessary licenses on commercially reasonable terms, and/or successfully prosecute or defend its intellectual property position, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected and Applied may suffer harm to its reputation. See Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Changes in tax rates or tax assets and liabilities could affect results of operations.
 
As a global company, Applied is subject to taxation in the United States and various other countries. Significant judgment is required to determine and estimate worldwide tax liabilities. Applied’s future annual and quarterly tax rates could be affected by numerous factors, including changes in the: (1) applicable tax laws; (2) amount and composition of pre-tax income in countries with differing tax rates; or (3) valuation of Applied’s deferred tax assets and liabilities.
 
To better align with the increasingly international nature of its business, Applied is transitioning certain manufacturing, supply chain, and other operations into Asia, bringing these activities closer to customers. These changes are expected to result in a reduction of future operating costs. In Singapore, Applied is pursuing available tax incentives that provide that certain income earned in Singapore would be subject to tax holidays or reduced income tax rates. To obtain these tax benefits, Applied must meet requirements relating to various activities. Applied is engaged in discussions with tax authorities in Singapore and the United States concerning these incentives. Applied’s ability to realize benefits from these initiatives could be materially affected if, among other things, applicable requirements are not met, the incentives are substantially modified, or if Applied incurs net losses for which it cannot claim a deduction.
 
In addition, Applied is subject to regular examination by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities, and from time to time initiates amendments to previously filed tax returns. Applied regularly assesses the likelihood of favorable or unfavorable outcomes resulting from these examinations and amendments to determine the adequacy of its provision for income taxes, which requires estimates and judgments. Although Applied believes its tax estimates are reasonable, there can be no assurance that the tax authorities will agree with such estimates. Applied may have to engage in litigation to achieve the results reflected in the estimates, which may be time-consuming and expensive. There can be no assurance that Applied will be successful or that any final determination will not be materially different from the treatment reflected in Applied’s historical income tax provisions and accruals, which could materially and adversely affect Applied’s financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied is subject to risks of non-compliance with environmental and safety regulations.
 
Applied is subject to environmental and safety regulations in connection with its global business operations, including but not limited to: regulations related to the development, manufacture and use of its products; recycling and disposal of materials used in its products or in producing its products; the operation of its facilities; and the use of its real property. The failure or inability to comply with existing or future environmental and safety regulations, such as those related to climate change, could result in: (1) significant remediation liabilities; (2) the imposition of fines; (3) the suspension or termination of the development, manufacture, sale or use of certain of its products; (4) limitations on the operation of its facilities or ability to use its real property; and/or (5) a decrease in the value of its real property, each of which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied is exposed to various risks related to the regulatory environment.
 
Applied is subject to various risks related to: (1) new, different, inconsistent or even conflicting laws, rules and regulations that may be enacted by legislative bodies and/or regulatory agencies in the countries in which Applied operates; (2) disagreements or disputes between national or regional regulatory agencies related to international trade; and (3) the interpretation and application of laws, rules and regulations. For example, as a public company with global operations, Applied is subject to the laws of multiple jurisdictions and the rules and regulations of various governing bodies, including those related to financial and other disclosures, corporate governance, privacy, and anti-corruption. Changes in laws, regulations and standards may create uncertainty regarding compliance matters. Efforts to comply with new and changing regulations have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue-


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generating activities to compliance activities. If Applied is found by a court or regulatory agency not to be in compliance with applicable laws, rules or regulations, Applied could be subject to legal or regulatory sanctions, the public’s perception of Applied could decline, and Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Item 1B:   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2:   Properties
 
Information concerning Applied’s principal properties at October 31, 2010 is set forth below:
 
                     
            Square
   
Location   Type   Principal Use   Footage   Ownership
 
Santa Clara, CA
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Headquarters; Marketing;     1,640,000     Owned
        Manufacturing; Distribution;     420,000     Leased
        Research, Development and Engineering            
Austin, TX
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing     1,458,000     Owned
              145,000     Leased
Rehovot, Israel
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing; Research, Development and Engineering     442,000     Owned
Alzenau, Germany
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing; Research, Development and Engineering     255,000     Leased
Kalispell, MT
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing; Research, Development and Engineering     252,000     Owned
Cheseaux, Switzerland
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing; Research, Development, Engineering; Customer Support     163,000     Leased
Treviso, Italy
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing; Research, Development, Engineering; Customer Support     89,000     Leased
Singapore
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing and Customer Support     392,000     Owned
              55,000     Leased
Tainan, Taiwan
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Manufacturing and Customer Support     320,000     Owned
Xi’an, China
  Office, Plant & Warehouse   Research, Development and Engineering     486,000     Owned
Hsinchu, Taiwan
  Office & Warehouse   Customer Support     90,000     Owned
              28,000     Leased
Shanghai, China
  Office & Warehouse   Customer Support     95,000     Leased
 
Because of the interrelation of Applied’s operations, properties within a country may be shared by the segments operating within that country. Products in the Silicon Systems Group are manufactured in Austin, Texas, Rehovot, Israel; and Singapore. Remanufactured products in the Applied Global Services segment are produced primarily in Austin, Texas and Korea. Products in the Display segment are manufactured in Santa Clara, California; Alzenau, Germany; and Tainan, Taiwan. Products in the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment are primarily manufactured in Alzenau, Germany; Cheseaux, Switzerland; Treviso, Italy; and Santa Clara, California.


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In addition to the above properties, Applied leases office space for marketing, sales, engineering and customer support offices in 80 locations throughout the world: 19 in Europe, 18 in Japan, 17 in North America (principally the United States), 9 in China, 8 in Korea, 7 in Southeast Asia, and 2 in Taiwan. Applied has a manufacturing facility of 261,000 square feet in Austin, Texas available for sale.
 
In addition, Applied owns 112 acres of buildable land in Texas that could accommodate approximately 1,708,000 square feet of additional building space, and 43 acres in California that could accommodate approximately 1,247,000 square feet of additional building space. Applied also leases: 4 acres in Italy that could accommodate approximately 180,000 square feet of additional building space and 10 acres in Israel that could accommodate approximately 111,000 square feet of additional building space.
 
Applied considers the properties that it owns or leases as adequate to meet its current and future requirements. Applied regularly assesses the size, capability and location of its global infrastructure and periodically makes adjustments based on these assessments.
 
Item 3:   Legal Proceedings
 
The information set forth under “Legal Matters” in Note 16 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 4:   (Removed and Reserved)


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PART II
 
Item 5:   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information
 
The following table sets forth the high and low closing sale prices for the periods presented as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.
 
                 
    Price Range
    High   Low
 
Fiscal 2009
               
First quarter
  $ 13.31     $ 8.14  
Second quarter
  $ 11.92     $ 8.34  
Third quarter
  $ 13.49     $ 10.50  
Fourth quarter
  $ 14.01     $ 12.66  
Fiscal 2010
               
First quarter
  $ 14.87     $ 11.89  
Second quarter
  $ 14.47     $ 11.80  
Third quarter
  $ 14.00     $ 11.78  
Fourth quarter
  $ 12.35     $ 10.37  
 
Applied’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol AMAT. As of November 19, 2010, there were 4,407 registered holders of Applied common stock.


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Performance Graph
 
The performance graph below shows the five-year cumulative total stockholder return on Applied common stock during the period from October 30, 2005 through October 31, 2010. This is compared with the cumulative total return of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index and the RDG Semiconductor Composite Index over the same period. The comparison assumes $100 was invested on October 30, 2005 in Applied common stock and in each of the foregoing indices and assumes reinvestment of dividends, if any. Dollar amounts in the graph are rounded to the nearest whole dollar. The performance shown in the graph represents past performance and should not be considered an indication of future performance.
 
Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return*
Among Applied Materials, Inc., The S&P 500 Index
And The RDG Semiconductor Composite Index
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
* $100 invested on 10/30/05 in stock or 10/31/05 in index, including reinvestment of dividends.
Indexes calculated on month-end basis.
Copyright© 2010 S&P, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. All rights reserved.
 
                                                 
    10/30/05     10/29/06     10/28/07     10/26/08     10/25/09     10/31/10  
 
Applied Materials
    100.00       106.47       117.66       72.04       83.61       81.46  
S&P 500 Index
    100.00       116.34       133.28       85.17       93.52       108.97  
RDG Semiconductor Composite Index
    100.00       103.56       120.77       66.98       82.42       101.07  
 
Dividends
 
During fiscal 2010, Applied’s Board of Directors declared three quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.07 per share and one quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share. The fourth quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per share declared in fiscal 2010 will be paid on December 15, 2010 to stockholders of record as of November 24, 2010. During fiscal 2009, Applied’s Board of Directors declared four quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.06 per share each. Dividends declared during fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008 amounted to $361 million, $320 million and $323 million, respectively. Applied currently anticipates that it will continue to pay cash dividends on a quarterly basis in the future, although the declaration and amount of any future cash dividend are at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on Applied’s financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, business conditions and other factors, as well as a determination that cash dividends are in the best interests of Applied’s stockholders.


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Repurchases of Applied Common Stock
 
The following table provides information as of October 31, 2010 with respect to the shares of common stock repurchased by Applied during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010.
 
                                 
                      Maximum Dollar
 
                Total Number of
    Value of Shares
 
          Average
    Shares Purchased as
    That May Yet be
 
    Total Number of
    Price Paid
    Part of Publicly
    Purchased Under
 
Period   Shares Purchased     per Share     Announced Program*     the Program*  
    (Shares in thousands)           (Shares in thousands)     (Dollars in millions)  
 
Month #1
                               
(August 2, 2010 to August 29, 2010)
    2,114     $ 10.97       2,114     $ 1,777  
Month #2
                               
(August 30, 2010 to September 26, 2010)
    5,472     $ 10.92       5,472     $ 1,717  
Month #3
                               
(September 27, 2010 to October 31, 2010)
    5,679     $ 11.81       5,679     $ 1,650  
                                 
Total
    13,265     $ 11.31       13,265          
                                 
 
 
* On March 8, 2010, the Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program for up to $2.0 billion in repurchases over the next three years, ending March 2013.


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Item 6:   Selected Financial Data
 
The following selected financial information has been derived from Applied’s historical audited consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes for the corresponding fiscal years:
 
                                         
Fiscal Year(1)   2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (In millions, except percentages, ratios, per share amounts and number of employees)  
 
Net sales
  $ 9,549     $ 5,014     $ 8,129     $ 9,735     $ 9,167  
Gross margin
  $ 3,715     $ 1,431     $ 3,443     $ 4,492     $ 4,292  
(% of net sales)
    39       29       42       46       47  
Research, development and engineering
  $ 1,144     $ 934     $ 1,104     $ 1,142     $ 1,152  
(% of net sales)
    12       19       14       12       13  
Marketing, selling, general and administrative
  $ 942     $ 735     $ 965     $ 952     $ 907  
(% of net sales)
    10       15       12       10       10  
Operating income (loss)
  $ 1,384     $ (394 )   $ 1,355     $ 2,372     $ 2,021  
(% of net sales)
    14       (8 )     17       24       22  
Income (loss) before income taxes
  $ 1,387     $ (486 )   $ 1,409     $ 2,440     $ 2,167  
Effective tax rate(%)
    32       (37 )     32       30       30  
Net income (loss)
  $ 938     $ (305 )   $ 961     $ 1,710     $ 1,517  
(% of net sales)
    10       (6 )     12       18       17  
Earnings (loss) per diluted share
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.70     $ 1.20     $ 0.97  
Weighted average common shares
    1,349       1,333       1,375       1,427       1,565  
New orders
  $ 10,249     $ 4,097     $ 9,155     $ 9,677     $ 9,888  
Order backlog
  $ 3,244     $ 2,735     $ 4,848     $ 3,655     $ 3,398  
Working capital
  $ 3,877     $ 3,749     $ 3,719     $ 4,226     $ 3,645  
Long-term debt
  $ 204     $ 201     $ 202     $ 202     $ 205  
Cash dividends declared per common share
  $ 0.27     $ 0.24     $ 0.24     $ 0.23     $ 0.18  
Stockholders’ equity
  $ 7,536     $ 7,095     $ 7,549     $ 7,821     $ 6,651  
Total assets
  $ 10,943     $ 9,574     $ 11,006     $ 10,662     $ 9,481  
Capital expenditures, net of loss on fixed asset retirements
  $ 149     $ 224     $ 281     $ 243     $ 151  
Regular employees
    13,045       12,619       14,824       14,550       14,072  
 
 
(1) Each fiscal year ended on the last Sunday in October.


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Item 7:   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Introduction
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) is intended to facilitate an understanding of Applied’s business and results of operations. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with Applied’s Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements and should also be read in conjunction with the cautionary statement set forth at the beginning of this Form 10-K. MD&A consists of the following sections:
 
  •  Overview: a summary of Applied’s business and measurements
 
  •  Results of Operations: a discussion of operating results.
 
  •  Segment Information: a discussion of segment operating results.
 
  •  Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources: an analysis of cash flows, sources and uses of cash, contractual obligations and financial position.
 
  •  Critical Accounting Policies: a discussion of critical accounting policies that require the exercise of judgments and estimates.
 
Overview
 
Applied provides manufacturing equipment, services and software to the global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar photovoltaic (PV) and related industries. Applied’s customers include manufacturers of semiconductor wafers and chips, flat panel liquid crystal displays (LCDs), solar PV cells and modules, and other electronic devices. These customers may use what they manufacture in their own end products or sell the items to other companies for use in advanced electronic components. Applied operates in four reportable segments: Silicon Systems Group, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. Product development and manufacturing activities occur primarily in North America, Europe, Israel and Asia. Applied’s broad range of equipment and service products are highly technical and are sold primarily through a direct sales force.
 
Applied’s results historically have been driven primarily by worldwide demand for semiconductors, which in turn depends on end-user demand for electronic products. Each of Applied’s businesses is subject to highly cyclical industry conditions, as demand for manufacturing equipment and services can change depending on supply and demand for chips, LCDs, solar PVs and other electronic devices, as well as other factors, such as global economic and market conditions, and technological advances in fabrication processes. After a challenging year in fiscal 2009 that was characterized by credit constraints in the financial markets, a weak global economy and a semiconductor industry downturn, global economic and industry conditions affecting Applied’s businesses generally improved in fiscal 2010, except for conditions in the thin film solar PV market.
 
The following table presents certain significant measurements for the past three fiscal years:
 
                                         
                      Change  
Fiscal Year   2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except per share amounts and percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 10,249     $ 4,097     $ 9,155     $ 6,152     $ (5,058)  
Net sales
  $ 9,549     $ 5,014     $ 8,129     $ 4,535     $ (3,115)  
Gross margin
  $ 3,715     $ 1,431     $ 3,443     $ 2,284     $ (2,012)  
Gross margin percent
    39 %     29 %     42 %     10 points       (14) points  
Operating income (loss)
  $ 1,384     $ (394 )   $ 1,355     $ 1,778     $ (1,749)  
Operating margin percent
    14 %     (8 )%     17 %     22 points       (25) points  
Net income (loss)
  $ 938     $ (305 )   $ 961     $ 1,243     $ (1,266)  
Earnings (loss) per share
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.70     $ 0.93     $ (0.93)  


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Financial results for fiscal 2010 over fiscal 2009 reflected significantly increased demand for manufacturing equipment and services due to more favorable global economic and industry conditions. The increase in total orders from fiscal 2009 was primarily due to increased demand for semiconductor, display and crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar PV products, partially offset by decreased demand for SunFabtm thin film solar lines. Net sales increased during fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009, due primarily to higher sales of semiconductor and display equipment.
 
Also, in fiscal 2010, Applied incurred charges totaling $84 million associated with a restructuring program to reduce its global workforce as of October 25, 2009 by approximately 1,000 positions over a period of 18 months. In addition, Applied incurred charges totaling $486 million that included a plan to restructure its Energy and Environmental Solutions segment. This action was in response to adverse market conditions for thin film solar, including delays in utility-scale solar adoption, solar panel manufacturers’ challenges in obtaining affordable capital, changes and uncertainty in government renewable energy policies, and competitive pressure from c-Si solar technologies. As part of the restructuring, Applied discontinued sales to new customers of its fully-integrated SunFab lines but continued to offer individual tools for thin film solar manufacturing. Applied is supporting existing SunFab customers with services, upgrades and capacity increases through its Applied Global Services segment and will continue RD&E efforts to improve thin film panel efficiency and high-productivity deposition.
 
Fiscal 2009 financial results reflected significantly reduced demand for manufacturing equipment and services due to extremely unfavorable global economic and industry conditions, particularly in the first half of fiscal 2009. Negative trends in consumer spending and pervasive economic uncertainty led some customers to dramatically reduce factory operations and to reduce their spending. In the second half of fiscal 2009, demand for semiconductor and display equipment increased, but was still down significantly from fiscal 2008 levels. Fiscal 2009 financial results included charges associated with restructuring programs.
 
Fiscal 2008 financial results reflected decreased demand for semiconductor equipment and, to a lesser extent, service products, due to unfavorable market conditions in the semiconductor industry, partially offset by increased demand for LCD and solar products. New orders decreased from fiscal 2007 due to lower demand for semiconductor equipment from memory, foundry and logic chip manufacturers, partially offset by increased demand by LCD customers and, beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2008, the initial recognition of orders for Applied’s SunFab thin film line for manufacturing solar panels. Net sales decreased during fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007 due to the decline in investment from memory and logic customers, partially offset by increased sales of c-Si solar manufacturing products. Net income decreased in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007 due to lower net sales, offset in part by lower operating expenses. Fiscal 2008 financial results included charges associated with restructuring programs.


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Results of Operations
 
The following table presents certain quarterly and full fiscal year financial information:
 
                                         
    Fiscal Quarter   Fiscal
    First   Second   Third   Fourth   Year
    (In millions, except per share amounts)
 
2010:
                                       
New orders
  $ 1,965     $ 2,533     $ 2,725     $ 3,026     $ 10,249  
Net sales
  $ 1,849     $ 2,296     $ 2,518     $ 2,886     $ 9,549  
Gross margin
  $ 711     $ 927     $ 860     $ 1,217     $ 3,715  
Operating income
  $ 116     $ 386     $ 183     $ 699     $ 1,384  
Net income
  $ 83     $ 264     $ 123     $ 468     $ 938  
Earnings per diluted share
  $ 0.06     $ 0.20     $ 0.09     $ 0.35     $ 0.70  
2009:
                                       
New orders
  $ 903     $ 649     $ 1,072     $ 1,473     $ 4,097  
Net sales
  $ 1,333     $ 1,020     $ 1,134     $ 1,526     $ 5,014  
Gross margin
  $ 392     $ 156     $ 325     $ 559     $ 1,431  
Operating income (loss)
  $ (196 )   $ (293 )   $ (77 )   $ 173     $ (394 )
Net income (loss)
  $ (133 )   $ (255 )   $ (55 )   $ 138     $ (305 )
Earnings (loss) per diluted share
  $ (0.10 )   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.04 )   $ 0.10     $ (0.23 )
2008:
                                       
New orders
  $ 2,500     $ 2,414     $ 2,030     $ 2,212     $ 9,155  
Net sales
  $ 2,087     $ 2,150     $ 1,848     $ 2,044     $ 8,129  
Gross margin
  $ 935     $ 967     $ 742     $ 799     $ 3,443  
Operating income
  $ 373     $ 438     $ 228     $ 316     $ 1,355  
Net income
  $ 262     $ 303     $ 165     $ 231     $ 961  
Earnings per diluted share
  $ 0.19     $ 0.22     $ 0.12     $ 0.17     $ 0.70  
 
Applied’s business was subject to cyclical industry conditions in fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008. As a result of these conditions and the changing global economic environment, there were significant fluctuations in Applied’s quarterly new orders and net sales, both within and across the three fiscal years. Demand for manufacturing equipment has historically been volatile as a result of sudden changes in chip, LCD and solar PV supply and demand and other factors, including global economic and market conditions and rapid technological advances in fabrication processes.


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New Orders
 
New orders by geographic region, which are attributed according to the location of customers’ facilities, were as follows:
 
                                                                 
          Change
          Change
       
    2010     2010 over 2009     2009     2009 over 2008     2008  
    ($)      (%)     (%)      ($)      (%)     (%)      ($)      (%)  
                (In millions, except percentages)              
 
Taiwan
    2,760       27       342       625       15       (70 )     2,110       23  
Korea
    2,155       21       188       749       18       (24 )     986       11  
China
    1,703       17       205       559       14       (62 )     1,477       17  
Japan
    741       7       40       531       13       (57 )     1,224       13  
Southeast Asia
    675       7       173       247       6       (55 )     544       6  
                                                                 
Asia Pacific
    8,034       79       196       2,711       66       (57 )     6,341       70  
North America(*)
    1,348       13       90       711       17       (58 )     1,680       18  
Europe
    867       8       28       675       17       (40 )     1,134       12  
                                                                 
Total
    10,249       100       150       4,097       100       (55 )     9,155       100  
                                                                 
 
 
(*) Primarily the United States.
 
New orders more than doubled to $10.2 billion in fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase was principally due to greater demand for semiconductor equipment and services, primarily from memory and foundry customers, as well as increased demand for c-Si solar manufacturing products and display equipment. The increase in new orders reflected the general recovery in the semiconductor equipment industry and the LCD market from the steep downturn experienced in fiscal 2009.
 
New orders decreased 55 percent to $4.1 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008. The decrease in new orders was across all segments, and particularly in the semiconductor and display businesses, reflecting the challenging economic and industry conditions prevalent during fiscal 2009. Customer demand for semiconductor and LCD equipment began to recover in the second half of fiscal 2009.
 
New orders decreased 5 percent to $9.2 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007, due to lower demand for semiconductor equipment from logic, memory, and foundry chip manufacturers, partially offset by increased demand for LCD and solar equipment, including the initial recognition of orders for the Applied SunFab thin film line. Demand for LCD equipment slowed substantially in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008, as Display customers absorbed capacity following robust demand over the preceding three quarters.
 
Applied’s backlog as of the end of each of the last three fiscal years was as follows: $3.2 billion at October 31, 2010, $2.7 billion at October 25, 2009, and $4.8 billion at October 26, 2008. Backlog increased in fiscal 2010 primarily due to an increase in new orders for Silicon Systems Group and Applied Global Services reflecting increased demand for semiconductor equipment. Backlog consists of: (1) orders for which written authorizations have been accepted and assigned shipment dates are within the next 12 months, or shipment has occurred but revenue has not been recognized; (2) contractual service revenue and maintenance fees to be earned within the next 12 months; and (3) orders for SunFab lines that are anticipated to be recognized as revenue within the next 12 months. Applied’s backlog at any particular time is not necessarily indicative of actual sales for any future periods, due to the potential for customer changes in delivery schedules or cancellation of orders. In addition, the majority of sales in the largest business segment were from orders received and shipped in the same quarter.


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Net Sales
 
Net sales by geographic region, which are attributed according to the location of customers’ facilities, were as follows:
 
                                                                 
          Change
          Change
       
    2010     2010 over 2009     2009     2009 over 2008     2008  
    ($)      (%)     (%)      ($)      (%)     (%)      ($)      (%)  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
Taiwan
    2,750       29       168       1,026       21       (44 )     1,837       22  
Korea
    1,768       19       166       664       13       (49 )     1,309       16  
China
    1,557       16       145       635       13       (19 )     780       10  
Japan
    768       8       7       718       14       (41 )     1,218       15  
Southeast Asia
    578       6       129       252       5       (51 )     516       6  
                                                                 
Asia Pacific
    7,421       78       125       3,295       66       (42 )     5,660       69  
North America(*)
    1,147       12       19       966       19       (36 )     1,520       19  
Europe
    981       10       30       753       15       (21 )     949       12  
                                                                 
Total
    9,549       100       90       5,014       100       (38 )     8,129       100  
                                                                 
 
 
(*) Primarily the United States.
 
Net sales of $9.5 billion for fiscal 2010 increased 90 percent from fiscal 2009, primarily due to higher sales of semiconductor equipment. Net sales decreased 38 percent to $5.0 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008, as a result of significantly lower sales of equipment and services to semiconductor and display customers, partially offset by increased sales of solar manufacturing equipment. Net sales decreased 16 percent to $8.1 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007, due to decreased investment from memory and logic chip manufacturers, partially offset by increased demand from solar and LCD customers.
 
Gross Margin
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)              
 
Gross margin
  $ 3,715     $ 1,431     $ 3,443     $ 2,284     $ (2,012)  
Gross margin (% of net sales)
    39 %     29 %     42 %     10 points       (13) points  
 
The increase in the gross margin as a percentage of net sales in fiscal 2010 from fiscal 2009 was principally attributable to higher net sales, more favorable product mix, improved factory utilization, and continued cost control measures, offset in part by inventory-related charges of $330 million associated with SunFab thin film solar equipment. These inventory-related charges lowered gross margin for fiscal 2010 by approximately 3 percentage points. The decrease in the gross margin percentage in fiscal 2009 from fiscal 2008 was due to lower net sales, lower-margin product mix, and reduced factory absorption, offset in part by cost control initiatives. Gross margin during fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008 included $32 million, $28 million and $32 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense.
 
Research, Development and Engineering
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions)              
 
Research, development and engineering
  $ 1,144     $ 934     $ 1,104     $ 210     $ (170 )
 
Applied’s future operating results depend to a considerable extent on its ability to maintain a competitive advantage in the equipment and service products it provides. Applied believes that it is critical to continue to make substantial investments in RD&E to assure the availability of innovative technology that meets the current and


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projected requirements of its customers’ most advanced designs. Applied historically has maintained its commitment to investing in RD&E in order to continue to offer new products and technologies. RD&E expenses were $1.1 billion (12 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2010, $934 million (19 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2009 and $1.1 billion (14 percent of net sales) in fiscal 2008. RD&E expense during fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008 included $43 million, $50 million and $59 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense. Development cycles range from 12 to 36 months depending on whether the product is an enhancement of an existing product, which typically has a shorter development cycle, or a new product, which typically has a longer development cycle. Most of Applied’s existing products resulted from internal development activities and innovations involving new technologies, materials and processes. In certain instances, Applied acquires technologies, either in existing or new product areas, to complement its existing technology capabilities and to reduce time to market.
 
In fiscal 2010, Applied developed new technology to enable next-generation 22nm and below chip designs. These systems were designed to help customers continue their drive to pack more transistors in the same space using using high-k/metal gate technologies and double patterning processes. Applied also developed technology for through-silicon vias (TSVs), an emerging solution for interconnecting three dimensional chip stacks to provide better device performance, lower power consumption and the integration of heterogeneous devices. In the solar PV area, Applied continued the development of its precision wafering and cell manufacturing products for lowering the cost of producing solar-generated electricity through advanced crystalline silicon technology.
 
In fiscal 2009, Applied focused on developing systems for semiconductor customers’ new chip designs with 32nm and below geometries, including systems to enable faster transistors using strain engineering and high-k/metal gate technologies, as well as double patterning processes that enable customers to extend their existing 193nm lithography tools through additional technology generations. Applied also focused on developing technology for manufacturing next generation displays. RD&E also included activities to develop products that enable lower-cost production of solar energy and other products to enable energy conservation.
 
In fiscal 2008, Applied focused on the development of processes and systems for the continued scaling of semiconductor devices. Applied pioneered a self-aligned double patterning approach that can enable 22nm and below device fabrication using conventional optical lithography. The Company also developed technology for the implementation of through-silicon vias. Efforts were also focused on developing the systems and technology to reduce the cost-per-watt of solar electricity.
 
Marketing, Selling, General and Administrative
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions)              
 
Marketing, selling, general and administrative
  $ 942     $ 735     $ 965     $ 207     $ (230 )
 
The increase in marketing, selling, general and administrative expenses in fiscal 2010 from fiscal 2009 reflected the elimination of temporary salary reductions and shutdowns, and the resumption of variable compensation programs. The decrease in marketing, selling, general and administrative expenses in fiscal 2009 from fiscal 2008 was primarily due to cost control initiatives. Marketing, selling, general and administrative expenses were 10 percent of net sales in fiscal 2010, 15 percent of net sales in fiscal 2009, and 12 percent of net sales in fiscal 2008. Marketing, selling and general and administrative expenses during fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008 included $51 million, $69 million and $88 million, respectively, of share-based compensation expense.
 
Restructuring and Asset Impairments
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions)              
 
Restructuring and asset impairments
  $ 246     $ 156     $ 40     $ 90     $ 116  
 
During the third quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied announced a plan to restructure its Energy and Environmental Solutions segment. The action, which was expected to impact between 400 to 500 positions globally, was in response to adverse market conditions for thin film solar, including delays in utility-scale solar adoption, solar panel


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manufacturers’ challenges in obtaining affordable capital, changes and uncertainty in government renewable energy polices, and competitive pressure from c-Si solar technologies. During fiscal 2010, Applied recorded charges related to this plan totaling $403 million, which included inventory-related charges of $247 million related to SunFab thin film solar equipment, asset impairment charges of $108 million, employee severance charges of $45 million, and other costs of $3 million.
 
During the first quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied announced a restructuring program to reduce its global workforce as of October 25, 2009 by approximately 1,300 to 1,500 positions, or 10 to 12 percent, over a period of 18 months. During the first quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied recorded restructuring charges of $104 million associated with this program. During the third quarter of fiscal 2010, as a result of changes in business requirements, Applied revised its global workforce reduction to approximately 1,000 positions and recorded a favorable adjustment of $20 million.
 
During the first quarter of fiscal 2009, Applied announced a restructuring program to reduce its global workforce by approximately 1,800 positions. During the second quarter of fiscal 2009, Applied expanded the scope of the restructuring program by approximately 200 positions. During fiscal 2009, Applied recorded restructuring charges of $143 million associated with this program. The restructuring charges consisted of employee-related costs to reduce the Company’s workforce through a combination of attrition, voluntary separation and other workforce reduction programs. In addition, Applied determined that the carrying value of certain fixed assets to be sold exceeded the estimated fair value and, as a result, recorded a $15 million impairment charge.
 
During the first quarter of fiscal 2008, Applied announced a global cost reduction plan that primarily affected its Silicon Systems Group and Applied Global Services segments and related support organizations. As part of this plan, Applied reduced its global workforce through a combination of job elimination and attrition. For fiscal 2008, Applied recorded restructuring charges of $29 million relating to this plan, consisting primarily of employee related costs to reduce its workforce. The affected employees were based in North America, Europe and Asia, and represented multiple functions.
 
For further details, see Note 12 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Net Interest Income
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions)              
 
Net interest income
  $ 16     $ 27     $ 89     $ (11 )   $ (62 )
 
The decrease in net interest income in fiscal 2010 from fiscal 2009 was primarily due to a decrease in interest rates. The decrease in net interest income in fiscal 2009 from fiscal 2008 was primarily due to a decrease in interest rates. The decrease in net interest income in fiscal 2008 from fiscal 2007 was primarily due to a reduction in investments and a decrease in interest rates, offset by a decrease in interest expense associated with scheduled debt maturities that occurred in September 2007.
 
Income Taxes
 
                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)              
 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
  $ 449     $ (180 )   $ 448     $ 629     $ (628)  
Effective income tax rate
    32 %     (37 )%     32 %     69 points       (69) points  
 
The change in the fiscal 2010 tax rate from the fiscal 2009 rate was principally attributable to the income before taxes for fiscal 2010 as opposed to the net loss before taxes incurred in fiscal 2009. The effective income tax rate for fiscal 2010 did not include the impact of the U.S. R&D tax credit from the time it expired in December 2009. In the event the U.S. R&D tax credit is enacted on a retroactive basis, there would be a favorable impact to Applied’s effective income tax rate in the period enacted. The change in the fiscal 2009 tax rate from the fiscal 2008 rate was


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principally attributable to the net loss before taxes incurred in fiscal 2009. Applied’s effective income tax rate depends on various factors, such as tax legislation, and the geographic composition of Applied’s pre-tax income.
 
Segment Information
 
Applied reports financial results in four segments: Silicon Systems Group, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. A description of the products and services, as well as financial data, for each reportable segment can be found in Note 17 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. Applied does not allocate to its reportable segments certain operating expenses that it manages separately at the corporate level. These unallocated costs include costs for share-based compensation; certain management, finance, legal, human resources, and RD&E functions provided at the corporate level; and unabsorbed information technology and occupancy. In addition, Applied does not allocate to its reportable segments restructuring and asset impairment charges and any associated adjustments related to restructuring actions, unless these charges or adjustments pertain to a specific reportable segment.
 
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied changed its methodology for allocating certain expenses to its reportable segments, such as components of variable compensation and operating expenses associated with the global sales organization. Applied has reclassified segment operating results for fiscal 2009 and 2008 to conform to the fiscal 2010 presentation.
 
The results for each reportable segment are discussed below.
 
Silicon Systems Group Segment
 
The Silicon Systems Group segment includes semiconductor capital equipment for deposition, etch, rapid thermal processing, chemical mechanical planarization, metrology and inspection, and wafer packaging. Development efforts are focused on solving customers’ key technical challenges, including transistor performance and nanoscale patterning, and improving chip manufacturing productivity to reduce costs.
 
Certain significant measures for the past three fiscal years were as follows:
 
                                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 5,759     $ 1,677     $ 4,092     $ 4,082       243 %   $ (2,415 )     (59) %
Net sales
    5,304       1,960       4,005       3,344       171 %     (2,045 )     (51) %
Operating income
    1,892       201       1,229       1,691       841 %     (1,028 )     (84) %
Operating margin
    36 %     10 %     31 %             26 points               (21) points  
 
Fiscal 2010 financial results reflected increased demand for manufacturing equipment over fiscal 2009 due to improved global economic and industry conditions. New orders increased by $4.1 billion to $5.8 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The significant increase in new orders was primarily from memory and foundry customers and to a lesser extent logic customers, which reflected the general recovery in the semiconductor equipment industry. The majority of fiscal 2010 new orders were for customers’ capacity expansions, while fiscal 2009 orders were primarily for customers’ new technology investments. Net sales increased by $3.3 billion to $5.3 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in net sales was primarily due to increased investment by memory and foundry customers. Four customers accounted for 51 percent of net sales in this segment in fiscal 2010. Approximately 61 percent of net sales in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010 were for orders received and shipped within the quarter. The book to bill ratio (new orders divided by net sales) increased to 1.1 for fiscal 2010, reflecting increased demand, compared to 0.9 for fiscal 2009. Operating income increased by $1.7 billion to $1.9 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in operating income for fiscal 2010 was due to considerably higher revenue from semiconductor equipment sales and reflected the general recovery in the semiconductor equipment industry during fiscal 2010. Results for fiscal 2010 included Semitool, which was acquired by Applied during the first quarter of fiscal 2010. In 2010, Applied introduced its Applied Reflexion GT CMP system, for fabricating copper interconnects and its Applied Centura AdvantEdgetm Mesatm silicon etch system for fabricating nano-scale circuit features with angstrom-level precision. The Applied Producer Eternatm


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FCVD system, which is targeted for 20nm and below chips, delivers a liquid-like film that flows freely into virtually any structure to provide void-free dielectric fill.
 
Fiscal 2009 financial results reflected significantly reduced demand for manufacturing equipment due to extremely unfavorable global economic and industry conditions. Silicon Systems Group new orders decreased 59 percent to $1.7 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008. The decrease in new orders reflected significantly lower demand, primarily from memory and logic customers. Net sales decreased 51 percent to $2.0 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008. The decrease in net sales was due to decreased capital investments, primarily by memory customers. The book to bill ratio decreased to 0.9 for fiscal 2009, reflecting significantly decreased demand, compared to 1.0 for fiscal 2008. Operating income decreased 84 percent to $201 million in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008. The decrease in operating income was due to significantly lower sales resulting in lower factory absorption, partially offset by lower operating expenses from cost control initiatives. Operating income for fiscal 2009 also reflected an increase in bad debt expense. After an operating loss in the first half of fiscal 2009, the Silicon Systems Group returned to operating profitability during the second half of the year, which was primarily driven by sales to foundry customers. During the year, the Company introduced a new platform specifically designed for under-bump metallization (UBM) and other back-end processes, the Applied Charger UBM PVD system.
 
Fiscal 2008 financial results reflected reduced demand for manufacturing equipment due to less favorable industry conditions. Fiscal 2008 Silicon Systems Group new orders decreased 38 percent to $4.1 billion compared to fiscal 2007. The decrease in new orders was due to reduced demand for equipment from logic, memory and foundry customers. Net sales decreased 38 percent to $4.0 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007. The decrease in net sales was due to decreased investment by logic and memory customers. Operating income decreased 48 percent to $1.2 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007. The decrease in operating income was due to significantly lower revenue levels from the slowdown in the semiconductor equipment industry, partially offset by lower operating expenses attributable to continued focus on cost controls and improvement in manufacturing activities. In fiscal 2008, the Company launched two products for photomask applications: the Applied Aera2 Mask Inspection system, which detects critical defects on a photomask, and the Applied Tetra Reticle Clean system, which cleans 32nm and below photomasks using wet clean chemistry. The Company also introduced the Applied Producer eHARP system for depositing films in high aspect ratio device structures.
 
Applied Global Services Segment
 
The Applied Global Services segment encompasses technically differentiated products, including spares, services, certain earlier generation equipment products, and remanufactured equipment, to improve operating efficiency, reduce operating costs, and lessen the environmental impact of semiconductor, display and solar customers’ factories. Customer demand for products and services is fulfilled through a global distribution system with trained service engineers located in close proximity to customer sites.
 
Certain significant measures for the past three fiscal years were as follows:
 
                                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 2,183     $ 1,179     $ 2,249     $ 1,004       85 %   $ (1,070 )     (48) %
Net sales
    1,865       1,397       2,329       468       34 %     (932 )     (40) %
Operating income
    337       115       545       222       193 %     (430 )     (79) %
Operating margin
    18 %     8 %     23 %             10 points               (15) points  
 
Fiscal 2010 financial results reflected increased demand for manufacturing services over fiscal 2009 due to improved global economic and industry conditions. New orders increased by $1.0 billion to $2.2 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in new orders was due primarily to higher demand for spare parts and refurbished equipment, reflecting customers’ higher factory utilization rates. Net sales increased by $468 million to $1.9 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in net sales was primarily due to higher sales in spare parts. The book to bill ratio increased to 1.2 for fiscal 2010, reflecting increased demand, compared to 0.8 for


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fiscal 2009. Operating income increased by $222 million to $337 million for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in operating income for fiscal 2010 primarily reflected increased sales of spare parts.
 
Fiscal 2009 financial results reflected significantly reduced demand for manufacturing services due to extremely unfavorable global economic and industry conditions, as well as a significant reduction in the installed base of 200mm systems. New orders decreased 48 percent to $1.2 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008, due primarily to decreased demand for spares and refurbished equipment arising from semiconductor manufacturers’ low wafer production volumes. Net sales decreased 40 percent to $1.4 billion in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008, reflecting lower sales of spares and refurbished equipment. Operating income decreased 79 percent to $115 million in fiscal 2009 compared to fiscal 2008 as a result of lower sales volumes, which led to lower infrastructure cost absorption, partially offset by lower operating expenses from cost control initiatives. Operating income for fiscal 2009 also included an increase in bad debt expense. In the second half of fiscal 2009, the Applied Global Services segment returned to operating profitability as sales of spares improved. The book to bill ratio decreased to 0.8 for fiscal 2009, reflecting significantly decreased demand, compared to 1.0 for fiscal 2008.
 
Fiscal 2008 financial results reflected reduced demand for manufacturing services due to less favorable industry conditions. Fiscal 2008 results were impacted by lower levels of semiconductor and display customers’ factory utilization. New orders decreased 10 percent to $2.2 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007, due to lower orders for spares, fab-wide services, and refurbished equipment, partially offset by increased orders for service and system enhancements. Net sales decreased 1 percent to $2.3 billion in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007. The net sales decrease reflected lower sales of fab-wide services and spares, offset by increased sales in services and system enhancements. Operating income decreased 9 percent to $545 million in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007 due to higher operating expenses in fiscal 2008.
 
Display Segment
 
The Display segment encompasses products for manufacturing LCDs for TVs, personal computers and other video-enabled devices. The business is focused on expanding market share by differentiation with larger-scale substrates, entry into new markets, and development of products to enable cost reductions through productivity and uniformity.
 
Certain significant measures for the past three fiscal years were as follows:
 
                                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 799     $ 287     $ 1,486     $ 512       179 %   $ (1,199 )     (81) %
Net sales
    899       502       976       397       79 %     (474 )     (49) %
Operating income
    267       51       301       216       424 %     (250 )     (83) %
Operating margin
    30 %     10 %     31 %             20 points               (21) points  
 
Fiscal 2010 operating financial results reflected increased demand for LCD equipment over fiscal 2009 due to improved global economic and industry conditions. New orders increased by $512 million to $799 million for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in new orders reflected the general recovery in the LCD market, as customers increased production levels in response to strong end-demand for flat panel TVs and notebook computers. Net sales increased by $397 million to $899 million for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in net sales reflected strong market demand for LCD products. Five customers accounted for 71 percent of net sales for the Display segment in fiscal 2010. The book to bill ratio increased to 0.9 for fiscal 2010, reflecting increased demand, compared to 0.6 for fiscal 2009. Operating income increased by $216 million to $267 million for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in operating income was due to a significant increase in net sales and improved gross margin driven by an increase in volume.
 
Fiscal 2009 financial results reflected significantly reduced demand for LCD equipment due to extremely unfavorable global economic and industry conditions. New orders decreased significantly to $287 million in fiscal 2009 compared to $1.5 billion in fiscal 2008, which reflected the slowdown in the display industry from fiscal 2008 when display manufacturers added capacity. Net sales decreased 49 percent to $502 million in fiscal 2009 compared


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to fiscal 2008 as a result of significantly lower orders. Operating income decreased to $51 million in fiscal 2009 from $301 million in fiscal 2008. Operating income decreased due to significantly lower revenue, partially offset by lower operating expenses due to cost control initiatives. The book to bill ratio decreased to 0.6 for fiscal 2009, reflecting significantly decreased demand, compared to 1.5 for fiscal 2008.
 
Fiscal 2008 financial results reflected increased demand for LCD equipment over fiscal 2007. In fiscal 2008, new orders increased significantly to $1.5 billion compared to $273 million in fiscal 2007. Increased orders were due to substantial increases in demand by Display customers in response to strong end-product demand. This demand for LCD equipment reached an inflection point in the third quarter of fiscal 2008 and decreased significantly in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008, reflecting the volatility of the display industry. Net sales increased 38 percent to $976 million in fiscal 2008 compared to fiscal 2007, primarily due to customers’ investment in Gen-8 products. Operating income increased to $301 million in fiscal 2008 from $159 million in fiscal 2007. Operating income increased due to higher revenue levels, product mix and lower operating costs. In fiscal 2008, the Company introduced its Gen-10 systems that can process substrates sized at approximately 2.85 x 3.05 meters. These systems include the AKT-90K PECVD and AKT-90K EBT products.
 
Energy and Environmental Solutions Segment
 
The Energy and Environmental Solutions segment includes products for fabricating thin film and c — Si solar PVs, high throughput roll-to-roll coating systems for flexible electronics and web products, and systems used in the manufacture of energy-efficient glass. This business is focused on delivering solutions to generate and conserve energy, with an emphasis on lowering the cost to produce solar power by providing equipment to enhance manufacturing scale and efficiency.
 
In fiscal 2010, Applied incurred charges of $486 million that included a plan to restructure its Energy and Environmental Solutions segment as described above and consisted of inventory-related charges of $330 million related to SunFab thin film solar equipment, asset impairment charges of $108 million, employee severance charges of $45 million, and other costs of $3 million.
 
Certain significant measures for the past three fiscal years were as follows:
 
                                                         
                      Change  
    2010     2009     2008     2010 over 2009     2009 over 2008  
    (In millions, except percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 1,508     $ 955     $ 1,329     $ 553       58 %   $ (374 )     (28) %
Net sales
    1,481       1,155       819       326       28 %     336       41 %
Operating income
    (466 )     (234 )     (206 )     (232 )     (99) %     (28 )     (14) %
Operating margin
    (31 )%     (20 )%     (25 )%             (11) points               5 points  
 
Fiscal 2010 financial results reflected increased demand for c-Si products, offset by reduced demand for SunFab thin film solar manufacturing lines due to the challenging market conditions for utility-scale solar. New orders increased 58 percent to $1.5 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in orders reflected increased demand for c-Si products, particularly wafering and metallization products, offset by reduced demand for SunFab lines. Net sales increased 28 percent to $1.5 billion for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. Net sales for fiscal 2010 primarily reflected higher sales to c-Si customers than in fiscal 2009. The relative share of the segment’s net sales attributable to SunFab customers decreased to 36 percent in fiscal 2010 from 44 percent in fiscal 2009. The book to bill ratio increased to 1.0 for fiscal 2010 compared to 0.8 for fiscal 2009. The operating loss in the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment increased by $232 million to $466 million for fiscal 2010 compared to fiscal 2009. The increase in operating loss was primarily due to restructuring, asset impairment and inventory-related charges of $486 million recognized in the second and third quarters of fiscal 2010, and lower net sales to SunFab customers, partially offset by increased sales of c-Si products and cost control initiatives. Results for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010 reflected customer final acceptance of two SunFab lines.
 
Fiscal 2009 financial results reflected reduced demand for c-Si products over fiscal 2008 offset in part by higher demand for SunFab lines. New orders of $955 million in fiscal 2009 decreased from $1.3 billion in fiscal 2008. The decrease in new orders was primarily due to decreased demand from c-Si customers and reflected the


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challenging global economic environment, solar manufacturers’ difficulties in obtaining cost-effective capital, and a decrease in end demand. Net sales of $1.2 billion in fiscal 2009 increased from $819 million in fiscal 2008 due to an increase in sales for SunFab lines. The operating loss of $234 million in fiscal 2009 increased from $206 million in fiscal 2008 due to an increase in RD&E expenses and unfavorable gross margins associated with initial SunFab line start-ups, offset in part by cost control initiatives. In 2009, the Company introduced its Baccini Esatto Technology, a high precision, multi-step printing capability designed to increase the efficiency of c-Si solar cells. The book to bill ratio decreased to 0.8 for fiscal 2009, reflecting significantly decreased demand, compared to 1.6 for fiscal 2008.
 
Fiscal 2008 financial results reflected increased demand for c-Si products over fiscal 2007 and the recognition of orders for the SunFab line beginning in fiscal 2008. New orders of $1.3 billion in fiscal 2008 increased from $245 million in fiscal 2007. The increase in new orders was primarily due to the recognition of orders for the SunFab line beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2008, as well as growth in orders for c-Si products. Net sales of $819 million in fiscal 2008 increased from $165 million in fiscal 2007 due to customers’ investment in c-Si products from the acquisitions of HCT and Baccini, in addition to increased sales across all other products in the segment. The increase in net sales for fiscal 2008 included the first revenue recognition of a SunFab line. The operating loss of $206 million in fiscal 2008 increased from $89 million in fiscal 2007. The increase in operating loss reflected increased RD&E spending to develop products that enable lower-cost production of solar energy, increased operating costs, amortization of acquisition-related costs, and costs related to expansion of solar marketing efforts, partially offset by higher revenues.
 
Subsequent Event
 
On November 29, 2010, Applied entered into a Settlement Agreement (the Agreement) with Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Samsung). The Agreement resolved potential civil claims and removed the risk of civil litigation between the parties relating to the alleged acquisition, misappropriation and misuse of Samsung confidential semiconductor information in Korea that is the subject of criminal proceedings pending against employees of several companies, including current and former Applied Materials Korea employees, in the Seoul Eastern District Court of the Republic of Korea (the Korea proceedings). Neither Applied nor any of its subsidiaries is a defendant in the Korea proceedings. The settlement terms of the Agreement pertain to potential civil claims between the parties and are separate from and do not affect criminal proceedings against individual defendants, including but not limited to the individuals charged in the Korea proceedings.
 
Under the Agreement, which is generally effective for a three-year period starting November 1, 2010, Applied will provide volume-based rebates on purchases of semiconductor products by Samsung and its affiliated companies. Applied also will provide volume-based incentives related to Samsung’s use of Applied systems (i) for production of semiconductor devices in applications for which Samsung has not previously used Applied systems, and (ii) for joint development activities. In addition, the Agreement includes volume-based credits for certain upgrades, engineering services and spare parts. The financial impact of the above rebates and incentives on Applied’s consolidated results of operations and financial position will depend on the volume of purchases by Samsung after the effective date of the Agreement.
 
Business Combinations
 
On December 21, 2009, Applied acquired Semitool, Inc., a public company based in the state of Montana, for a purchase price of $323 million in cash, net of cash acquired, pursuant to a tender offer and subsequent short-form merger. The acquired business is a leading supplier of electrochemical plating and wafer surface preparation equipment used by semiconductor packaging and manufacturing companies globally. Applied’s primary reasons for this acquisition were to complement its existing product offerings and to provide opportunities for future growth. The acquired business is included in results for the Silicon Systems Group segment.
 
In November 2009, Applied acquired substantially all the assets, including the intellectual property, of Advent Solar, a developer of advanced technology for c-Si solar photovoltaic cells and modules (PVs), for a purchase price of $14 million. This acquisition complemented Applied’s portfolio of solar PV technologies and enhanced


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Applied’s opportunities in the c-Si equipment market. The acquisition is included in results for the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment.
 
On January 31, 2008, Applied acquired all of the outstanding shares of Baccini S.p.A., a privately-held company based in Italy, for a purchase price of $215 million in cash, net of cash and marketable securities acquired. The acquired business is a leading supplier of automated metallization and test systems for manufacturing c-Si photovoltaic cells.
 
On November 9, 2007, Applied purchased from Edwards Vacuum, Inc. certain assets of its Kachina semiconductor equipment parts cleaning and refurbishment business for $19 million.
 
For further details, see Note 9 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In March 2010, the FASB issued updated authoritative guidance that amends the requirements for evaluating whether a decision maker or service provider has a variable interest entity and clarified that a quantitative approach should not be the sole consideration in assessing the criteria for variable interest entity determination. The guidance also clarifies that related parties should be considered in applying all of the decision maker and service provider criteria. This is in addition to the authoritative guidance the FASB issued in June 2009 that applies to determining whether an entity is a variable interest entity and requiring an enterprise to perform an analysis to determine whether the enterprise’s variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity. Under this guidance, an enterprise has a controlling financial interest when it has (1) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity. The guidance also requires an enterprise to assess whether it has an implicit financial responsibility to ensure that a variable interest entity operates as designed when determining whether it has power to direct the activities of the variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. The guidance also requires ongoing assessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity, requires enhanced disclosures, and eliminates the scope exclusion for qualifying special-purpose entities. This authoritative guidance is effective for Applied beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. The implementation of this authoritative guidance is not expected to have a material impact on Applied’s financial position or results of operations.
 
In January 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance for fair value measurements, which requires additional disclosures and clarifications to existing disclosures. This authoritative guidance requires a reporting entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and also to describe the reasons for these transfers. This authoritative guidance also requires enhanced disclosure of activity in Level 3 fair value measurements. The new disclosures and clarifications of existing disclosures for Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements became effective for Applied in the second quarter of fiscal 2010. Disclosures regarding activity within Level 3 fair value measurements become effective the first interim reporting period after December 15, 2010 and will be effective for Applied in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of this authoritative guidance on its consolidated financial statements. See Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for information and related disclosures regarding Applied’s fair value measurements.
 
In June 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on variable interest entities, which requires revised evaluations of whether entities represent variable interest entities, ongoing assessments of control over such entities, and additional disclosures for variable interests. In December 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the financial reporting by entities involved with variable interest entities which amends previously issued guidance on variable interest entities. The amendments in this authoritative guidance replace the quantitative-based risks and rewards calculation for determining which reporting entity, if any, has a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity with an approach focused on identifying which reporting entity has the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (1) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or (2) the right to receive benefits from the entity. This authoritative guidance becomes


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effective for Applied in fiscal 2011. The implementation of this authoritative guidance is not expected to have a material impact on Applied’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Applied’s cash, cash equivalents and investments increased to $3.9 billion at October 31, 2010 from $3.3 billion at October 25, 2009, due primarily to an increase in cash generated from operating activities. Applied has not undertaken any significant external financing activities for several years.
 
Cash, cash equivalents and investments consist of the following:
 
                         
    October 31,
    October 25,
    October 26,
 
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In millions)  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,858     $ 1,577     $ 1,412  
Short-term investments
    727       638       689  
Long-term investments
    1,307       1,052       1,367  
                         
Total cash, cash-equivalents and investments
  $ 3,892     $ 3,267     $ 3,468  
                         
 
A summary of cash provided by (used in) operating, investing, and financing activities is as follows:
 
                         
    2010   2009   2008
    (In millions)
 
Cash provided by operating activities
  $ 1,723     $ 333     $ 1,710  
Cash provided by (used in) investing activities
  $ (862 )   $ 113     $ (76 )
Cash used in financing activities
  $ (576 )   $ (281 )   $ (1,426 )
 
Applied generated cash from operating activities of $1.7 billion in fiscal 2010, $333 million in fiscal 2009, and $1.7 billion in fiscal 2008. The primary sources of cash from operating activities for fiscal 2010 were net income, as adjusted to exclude the effect of non-cash charges including, depreciation, amortization, restructuring and asset impairments, share-based compensation, and changes in components of working capital. Changes in working capital included thin film solar inventory-related charges of $330 million. Applied utilized programs to discount letters of credit issued by customers of $230 million in fiscal 2010 and $299 million in fiscal 2009, and $167 million in fiscal 2008. Discounting of letters of credit depends on many factors, including the willingness of financial institutions to discount the letters of credit and the cost of such arrangements. For fiscal 2010, Applied factored accounts receivable of $153 million and discounted promissory notes of $3 million. For fiscal 2009, Applied factored accounts receivable of $39 million and discounted promissory notes of $4 million. For fiscal 2008, Applied factored accounts receivable of $133 million and discounted promissory notes of $6 million. Days sales outstanding were 58 at the end of fiscal 2010, 75 days at the end of fiscal 2009, and 79 days at the end of fiscal 2008. The 2010 reduction in the days sales outstanding from the prior year was attributable to higher net sales and improved working capital management. Applied’s working capital was $3.9 billion at October 31, 2010 and $3.7 billion at both October 25, 2009 and October 26, 2008. During fiscal 2010, Applied received a U.S. federal income tax refund of approximately $130 million for the carryback of Applied’s net operating loss from fiscal 2009 to fiscal 2005.
 
Applied used $862 million of cash for investing activities in fiscal 2010. Applied generated $113 million of cash from investing activities in fiscal 2009 and used $76 million in fiscal 2008. Purchases of investments, net of proceeds from sales and maturities of investments, totaled $370 million in fiscal 2010. Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments, net of purchases of investments, totaled $361 million in fiscal 2009 and $405 million in fiscal 2008. Capital expenditures were $169 million in fiscal 2010, $248 million in fiscal 2009, and $288 million in fiscal 2008. These expenditures were primarily for the implementation of an enterprise resource planning software system and the construction of a solar R&D/demonstration center in Xi’an, China. Capital expenditures for fiscal 2010 and fiscal 2009 also included investment to construct a facility in Singapore.
 
Investing activities also included investments in technology and acquisitions of companies to allow Applied to access new market opportunities or emerging technologies. In fiscal 2010, Applied acquired Semitool, a public company based in the state of Montana, for $323 million, net of cash acquired. During fiscal 2008, Applied acquired


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all of the outstanding shares of Baccini, a privately-held company based in Italy, for a purchase price of $215 million in cash, net of cash and marketable securities acquired. Also in fiscal 2008, Applied purchased certain assets from Edwards Vacuum, Inc. consisting of its Kachina semiconductor equipment parts cleaning and refurbishment business for $19 million. See Note 9 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details.
 
Applied used cash for financing activities in the amount of $576 million for fiscal 2010, $281 million for fiscal 2009, and $1.4 billion for fiscal 2008. Financing activities included payment of cash dividends to stockholders and issuances and repurchases of common stock. Cash used to repurchase shares totaled $350 million in fiscal 2010, $23 million in fiscal 2009, and $1.5 billion in fiscal 2008. In March 2010, Applied’s Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase program authorizing up to $2.0 billion in repurchases over the next three years ending in March 2013. Proceeds from stock issuances related to equity compensation awards were $129 million in fiscal 2010, $62 million in fiscal 2009, and $401 million in fiscal 2008.
 
During fiscal 2010, Applied’s Board of Directors declared three quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.07 per share each and one quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share. The fourth quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per share declared in fiscal 2010 will be paid on December 15, 2010 to stockholders of record as of November 24, 2010. During fiscal 2009, Applied’s Board of Directors declared four quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.06 per share each quarter. During fiscal 2008, Applied’s Board of Directors declared four quarterly cash dividends in the amount of $0.06 per share each. Cash paid in dividends during fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008 amounted to $349 million, $320 million and $325 million, respectively. Applied currently anticipates that it will continue to pay cash dividends on a quarterly basis in the future, although the declaration and amount of any future cash dividend are at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on Applied’s financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, business conditions and other factors, as well as a determination that cash dividends are in the best interest of Applied’s stockholders.
 
Applied has credit facilities for unsecured borrowings in various currencies of up to $1.1 billion, of which $1.0 billion is comprised of a 5-year revolving credit agreement with a group of banks that is scheduled to expire in January 2012. This agreement provides for borrowings in United States dollars at interest rates keyed to one of the two rates selected by Applied for each advance, and includes financial and other covenants with which Applied was in compliance at October 31, 2010. Remaining credit facilities in the amount of approximately $98 million are with Japanese banks. Applied’s ability to borrow under these facilities is subject to bank approval at the time of the borrowing request, and any advances will be at rates indexed to the banks’ prime reference rate denominated in Japanese yen. No amounts were outstanding under any of the above credit facilities at October 31, 2010.
 
In the ordinary course of business, Applied provides standby letters of credit or other guarantee instruments to third parties as required for certain transactions initiated by either Applied or its subsidiaries. As of October 31, 2010, the maximum potential amount of future payments that Applied could be required to make under these guarantee agreements was $54 million. Applied has not recorded any liability in connection with these guarantee agreements beyond that required to appropriately account for the underlying transaction being guaranteed. Applied does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any amounts will be required to be paid under these guarantee agreements.
 
Applied’s investment portfolio consists principally of investment grade money market mutual funds, U.S. Treasury and agency securities, municipal bonds, corporate bonds and mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities, as well as equity securities. Applied regularly monitors the credit risk in its investment portfolio and takes appropriate measures, which may include the sale of certain securities, to manage such risks prudently in accordance with its investment policies.
 
In fiscal 2010, as part of its regular investment review process, Applied recorded impairment charges of $13 million associated with equity investments in privately-held companies. At October 31, 2010, Applied had a gross unrealized loss in its investment portfolio of $1 million due to a decrease in the fair value of certain fixed income securities. Applied regularly reviews its investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether a loss is temporary include: the length of time and extent to which fair value has been lower than the cost basis; the financial condition, credit quality and near-term prospects of the investee; and whether it is more likely-than-not that Applied will be required to sell the security prior to any anticipated recovery in fair value. Generally, the contractual terms of the investments


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do not permit settlement at prices less than the amortized cost of the investments. While Applied cannot predict future market conditions or market liquidity, Applied believes that its investment policies provide an appropriate means to manage the risks in its investment portfolio.
 
During fiscal 2010 and fiscal 2009, Applied recorded bad debt provisions, net of recoveries, of $10 million and $62 million, respectively, as a result of certain customers’ deteriorating financial condition. While Applied believes that its allowance for doubtful accounts at October 31, 2010 is adequate, it will continue to closely monitor customer liquidity and economic conditions.
 
Although cash requirements will fluctuate based on the timing and extent of factors such as those discussed above, Applied’s management believes that cash generated from operations, together with the liquidity provided by existing cash balances and borrowing capability, will be sufficient to satisfy Applied’s liquidity requirements for the next 12 months. For further details regarding Applied’s operating, investing and financing activities, see the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in this report.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
During the ordinary course of business, Applied provides standby letters of credit or other guarantee instruments to third parties as required for certain transactions initiated either by Applied or its subsidiaries. As of October 31, 2010, the maximum potential amount of future payments that Applied could be required to make under these guarantee agreements was $54 million. Applied has not recorded any liability in connection with these guarantee agreements beyond that required to appropriately account for the underlying transaction being guaranteed. Applied does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any amounts will be required to be paid under these guarantee agreements.
 
Applied also has operating leases for various facilities. Total rental expense for operating leases was $52 million for fiscal 2010, $64 million for fiscal 2009, and $68 million for fiscal 2008.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
The following table summarizes Applied’s contractual obligations as of October 31, 2010:
 
                                         
    Payments Due by Period  
          Less Than
    1-3
    3-5
    More Than
 
Contractual Obligations   Total     1 Year     Years     Years     5 Years  
    (In millions)  
 
Long-term debt obligations
  $ 205     $ 1     $ 2     $ 1     $ 201  
Interest expense associated with long-term debt obligations
    101       14       29       29       29  
Operating lease obligations
    143       42       45       26       30  
Purchase obligations*
    2,055       2,053       2              
Other long-term liabilities
    239       21       44       45       129  
                                         
    $ 2,743     $ 2,131     $ 122     $ 101     $ 389  
                                         
 
 
* Represents Applied’s agreements to purchase goods and services consisting of Applied’s (a) outstanding purchase orders for goods and services; and (b) contractual requirements to make specified minimum payments even if Applied does not take delivery of the contracted goods.
 
In addition to the contractual obligations disclosed above, the Company has certain tax obligations. Gross interest and penalties and unrecognized tax benefits that are not expected to result in payment or receipt of cash within one year have been reported as non-current liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of October 31, 2010, the gross liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $328 million, exclusive of interest and penalties. Increases or decreases to interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions are included in provision for income taxes in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions were $6 million as of October 31, 2010 and $5 million as of October 25, 2009. All $6 million in interest and penalties is classified as long-term payable in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. At this time, the Company is unable to make a


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reasonably reliable estimate of the timing of payments in individual years due to uncertainties in the timing of tax audit outcomes and, accordingly, such amounts are not included in the above contractual obligation table.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported. Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements describes the significant accounting policies used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. Certain of these significant accounting policies are considered to be critical accounting policies.
 
A critical accounting policy is defined as one that is both material to the presentation of Applied’s consolidated financial statements and that requires management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on Applied’s financial condition or results of operations. Specifically, these policies have the following attributes: (1) Applied is required to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate; and (2) different estimates Applied could reasonably have used, or changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, would have a material effect on Applied’s financial condition or results of operations.
 
Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty. Applied bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be applicable and reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur, as additional information is obtained and as Applied’s operating environment changes. These changes have historically been minor and have been included in the consolidated financial statements as soon as they became known. In addition, management is periodically faced with uncertainties, the outcomes of which are not within its control and will not be known for prolonged periods of time. These uncertainties include those discussed in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” Based on a critical assessment of its accounting policies and the underlying judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies, management believes that Applied’s consolidated financial statements are fairly stated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and provide a meaningful presentation of Applied’s financial condition and results of operations.
 
Management believes that the following are critical accounting policies:
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Applied recognizes revenue when all four revenue recognition criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; seller’s price to buyer is fixed or determinable; and collectability is probable. Each sale arrangement may contain commercial terms that differ from other arrangements. In addition, Applied frequently enters into contracts that contain multiple deliverables. Judgment is required to properly identify the accounting units of the multiple deliverable transactions and to determine the manner in which revenue should be allocated among the accounting units. Moreover, judgment is used in interpreting the commercial terms and determining when all criteria of revenue recognition have been met in order for revenue recognition to occur in the appropriate accounting period. While changes in the allocation of the estimated sales price between the units of accounting will not affect the amount of total revenue recognized for a particular sales arrangement, any material changes in these allocations could impact the timing of revenue recognition, which could have a material effect on Applied’s financial condition and results of operations.
 
In 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued amended revenue recognition guidance for arrangements with multiple deliverables and certain software sold with tangible products. This new guidance eliminates the residual method of revenue recognition and allows the use of management’s best estimate of selling price for individual elements of an arrangement when vendor specific evidence or third party evidence is unavailable. Applied implemented this guidance prospectively beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2010 for transactions that were initiated or materially modified during fiscal 2010. The implementation of the new guidance had an insignificant impact on reported net sales as compared to net sales under previous guidance, as the new guidance did not change the units of accounting within sales arrangements and the elimination of the residual method for the allocation of arrangement consideration had an inconsequential impact on the amount and timing of reported net sales.


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Warranty Costs
 
Applied provides for the estimated cost of warranty when revenue is recognized. Estimated warranty costs are determined by analyzing specific product, current and historical configuration statistics and regional warranty support costs. Applied’s warranty obligation is affected by product and component failure rates, material usage and labor costs incurred in correcting product failures during the warranty period. As Applied’s customer engineers and process support engineers are highly trained and deployed globally, labor availability is a significant factor in determining labor costs. The quantity and availability of critical replacement parts is another significant factor in estimating warranty costs. Unforeseen component failures or exceptional component performance can also result in changes to warranty costs. If actual warranty costs differ substantially from Applied’s estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability would be required, which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Applied maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. This allowance is based on historical experience, credit evaluations, specific customer collection history and any customer-specific issues Applied has identified. Changes in circumstances, such as an unexpected material adverse change in a major customer’s ability to meet its financial obligation to Applied or its payment trends, may require Applied to further adjust its estimates of the recoverability of amounts due to Applied, which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Inventory Valuation
 
Inventories are generally stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out basis. The carrying value of inventory is reduced for estimated obsolescence by the difference between its cost and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand. Applied evaluates the inventory carrying value for potential excess and obsolete inventory exposures by analyzing historical and anticipated demand. In addition, inventories are evaluated for potential obsolescence due to the effect of known and anticipated engineering change orders and new products. If actual demand were to be substantially lower than estimated, additional adjustments for excess or obsolete inventory may be required, which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
 
Applied reviews goodwill and intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable, and also annually reviews goodwill and intangibles with indefinite lives for impairment. Intangible assets, such as purchased technology, are generally recorded in connection with a business acquisition. The value assigned to intangible assets is usually based on estimates and judgments regarding expectations for the success and life cycle of products and technology acquired. If actual product acceptance differs significantly from the estimates, Applied may be required to record an impairment charge to reduce the carrying value of the reporting unit to its realizable value. The fair value of a reporting unit is estimated using both the income approach and the market approach taking into account such factors as future anticipated operating results and estimated cost of capital. Management uses significant judgment when assessing goodwill for potential impairment, especially in emerging markets. A severe decline in market value could result in an unexpected impairment charge for impaired goodwill, which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Income Taxes
 
The effective tax rate is highly dependent upon the geographic composition of worldwide earnings, tax regulations governing each region, non-tax deductible expenses incurred in connection with acquisitions and availability of tax credits. Management carefully monitors the changes in many factors and adjusts the effective income tax rate as required. If actual results differ from these estimates, Applied could be required to record a


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valuation allowance on deferred tax assets or adjust its effective income tax rate, which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Applied accounts for income taxes by recognizing deferred tax assets and liabilities using statutory tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities, net operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets are also reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that a portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Management has determined that it is more likely than not that Applied’s future taxable income will be sufficient to realize its deferred tax assets.
 
The calculation of tax liabilities involves significant judgment in estimating the impact of uncertainties in the application of complex tax laws. Resolution of these uncertainties in a manner inconsistent with Applied’s expectations could have a material impact on Applied’s results of operations and financial condition.
 
Item 7A:   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Applied’s investment portfolio includes fixed-income securities with a fair value of approximately $2.0 billion at October 31, 2010. These securities are subject to interest rate risk and will decline in value if interest rates increase. Based on Applied’s investment portfolio at October 31, 2010, an immediate 100 basis point increase in interest rates would result in a decrease in the fair value of the portfolio of approximately $25 million. While an increase in interest rates reduces the fair value of the investment portfolio, Applied will not realize the losses in the consolidated condensed statement of operations unless the individual fixed-income securities are sold prior to recovery or the loss is determined to be other-than-temporary.
 
Certain operations of Applied are conducted in foreign currencies, such as Japanese yen, euro, Israeli shekel, Taiwanese dollar and Swiss franc. Applied enters into currency forward exchange and option contracts to hedge a portion of, but not all, existing and anticipated foreign currency denominated transactions expected to occur within 24 months. Gains and losses on these contracts are generally recognized in income at the time that the related transactions being hedged are recognized. Because the effect of movements in currency exchange rates on currency forward exchange and option contracts generally offsets the related effect on the underlying items being hedged, these financial instruments are not expected to subject Applied to risks that would otherwise result from changes in currency exchange rates. Applied does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Net foreign currency gains and losses were not material for fiscal 2010.
 
Item 8:   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
The consolidated financial statements required by this Item are set forth on the pages indicated at Item 15(a).
 
Item 9:   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.
 
Item 9A:   Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As of the end of the period covered by this report, management of Applied conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of Applied’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of Applied’s disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act). Based upon that evaluation, Applied’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Applied’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report in ensuring that information required to be disclosed was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by Applied in such reports is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.


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Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Applied’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Under the supervision and with the participation of Applied’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management of Applied conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of Applied’s internal control over financial reporting based upon the framework in “Internal Control — Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on that evaluation, Applied’s management concluded that Applied’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of October 31, 2010.
 
KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has audited the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K and, as part of the audit, has issued a report, included herein, on the effectiveness of Applied’s internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, there were no changes in the internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, Applied’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Inherent Limitations of Disclosure Controls and Procedures and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
It should be noted that any system of controls, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system will be met. In addition, the design of any control system is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events.
 
Item 9B:   Other Information
 
None


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Applied Materials, Inc.:
 
We have audited Applied Materials, Inc.’s (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting in Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, Applied Materials, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Applied Materials Inc. and subsidiaries as of October 31, 2010 and October 25, 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended October 31, 2010. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we have also audited the financial statement schedule II. Our report dated December 10, 2010 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule.
 
/s/  KPMG LLP
KPMG LLP
 
Mountain View, California
December 10, 2010


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PART III
 
Pursuant to Paragraph G(3) of the General Instructions to Form 10-K, portions of the information required by Part III of Form 10-K are incorporated by reference from Applied’s Proxy Statement to be filed with the SEC in connection with the 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the Proxy Statement).
 
Item 10:   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
(1) Information regarding directors, including director nominations, and Applied’s audit committee and audit committee financial expert, appears in the Proxy Statement under “Election of Directors,” and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
(2) For information with respect to Executive Officers, see Part I, Item 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, under “Executive Officers of the Registrant.”
 
(3) Information regarding Section 16(a) beneficial ownership reporting compliance appears in the Proxy Statement under “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance,” and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Applied has implemented the Standards of Business Conduct, a code of ethics with which every person who works for Applied and every member of the Board of Directors is expected to comply. If any substantive amendments are made to the Standards of Business Conduct or any waiver is granted, including any implicit waiver, from a provision of the code to Applied’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer or Chief Accounting Officer, Applied will disclose the nature of such amendment or waiver on its website or in a report on Form 8-K. The above information, including the Standards of Business Conduct, is available on Applied’s website under the Investors section at http://investors.appliedmaterials.com. This website address is intended to be an inactive, textual reference only. None of the material on this website is part of this report or is incorporated by reference herein.
 
Item 11:   Executive Compensation
 
Information regarding executive compensation appears in the Proxy Statement under “Executive Compensation and Related Information” and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Information regarding compensation committee interlocks and insider participation appears in the Proxy Statement under “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Information regarding the compensation committee report appears in the Proxy Statement under “Human Resources and Compensation Committee Report” and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 12:   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
Information regarding the security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management appears in the Proxy Statement, under “Principal Stockholders,” and is incorporated herein by reference.


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The following table summarizes information with respect to options and other equity awards under Applied’s equity compensation plans as of October 31, 2010:
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
                         
                (c)
 
    (a)
          Number of Securities
 
    Number of
    (b)
    Available for Future
 
    Securities to be
    Weighted Average
    Issuance Under Equity
 
    Issued Upon Exercise
    Exercise Price of
    Compensation Plans
 
    of Outstanding Options,
    Outstanding Options,
    (Excluding Securities
 
    Warrants and
    Warrants and
    Reflected in
 
Plan Category   Rights(1)     Rights(2)     Column(a))  
    (In thousands, except prices)  
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
    45,105     $ 11.55       152,373 (3)
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
    24,206 (4)   $ 18.93       62,715 (5)
                         
Total
    69,311     $ 15.04       215,088  
                         
 
 
(1) Includes only options and restricted stock units (also referred to as “performance shares” under the Applied Materials, Inc. Employee Stock Incentive Plan) outstanding under Applied’s equity compensation plans, as no stock warrants or other rights were outstanding as of October 31, 2010.
 
(2) The weighted average exercise price calculation does not take into account any restricted stock units as they have a de minimis purchase price.
 
(3) Includes 54,071 thousand shares of Applied common stock available for future issuance under the Applied Materials, Inc. Employees’ Stock Purchase Plan. Of these 54,071 thousand shares, 1,932 thousand are subject to purchase during the purchase period in effect as of October 31, 2010.
 
(4) Includes options to purchase 1,306 thousand shares of Applied common stock assumed through various mergers and acquisitions, after giving effect to the applicable exchange ratios. The assumed options had a weighted average exercise price of $13.80 per share. No further shares are available for issuance under the plans under which these assumed awards were granted.
 
(5) Includes 5,315 thousand shares of Applied common stock available for future issuance under the Applied Materials, Inc. Stock Purchase Plan for Offshore Employees. Of these 5,315 thousand shares, 928 thousand are subject to purchase during the purchase period in effect as of October 31, 2010.
 
Applied has the following equity compensation plans that have not been approved by stockholders:
 
2000 Global Equity Incentive Plan The 2000 Global Equity Incentive Plan (the 2000 Plan) was adopted effective as of June 21, 2000. The 2000 Plan provides for the grant of non-qualified stock options to employees other than officers and directors. The administrator of the 2000 Plan (either the Board of Directors of Applied or a committee appointed by the Board) determines the terms and conditions of all stock options granted; provided, however, that (1) the exercise price generally may not be less than 100 percent of the fair market value (on the date of grant) of the stock covered by the option, and (2) the term of options can be no longer than 10 years (or 13 years in the event of death). A total of 147,000,000 shares have been authorized for issuance under the 2000 Plan, and 57,201,000 shares remain available for issuance as of October 31, 2010.
 
Stock Purchase Plan for Offshore Employees The Stock Purchase Plan for Offshore Employees (the Offshore ESPP) was adopted effective as of October 16, 1995 for the benefit of employees of Applied’s participating affiliates (other than United States citizens or residents). The Offshore ESPP provides for the grant of options to purchase shares of Applied common stock through payroll deductions pursuant to one or more offerings. The administrator of the Offshore ESPP (the Board of Directors of Applied or a committee appointed by the Board) determines the terms and conditions of all options prior to the start of an offering, including the purchase price of shares, the number of shares covered by the option and when the option may be exercised. All options granted as part of an offering must be granted on the same date. Prior to December 7,


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2009, a total of 15,800,000 shares had been authorized for issuance under the Offshore ESPP. Effective December 7, 2009, Applied amended the Offshore ESPP to increase the number of shares available for issuance under such plan by 5,000,000 shares and correspondingly amended the stockholder-approved Applied Materials, Inc. Employees’ Stock Purchase Plan (the U.S. ESPP) to reduce the number of shares available for issuance under such plan by 5,000,000 shares. Accordingly, as of October 31, 2010 a total of 20,800,000 shares have been authorized for issuance under the Offshore ESPP, and 5,315,000 shares remain available for issuance. These plan amendments did not result in any increase in the total aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the Offshore ESPP and the U.S. ESPP.
 
Nonemployee Director Share Purchase Plan The Applied Materials, Inc. Nonemployee Director Share Purchase Plan was adopted effective March 22, 2005. The Nonemployee Director Share Purchase Plan provides a method by which non-employee directors may purchase Applied common stock at 100% of fair market value on the purchase date by foregoing cash they have earned as retainer fees or meeting fees. The shares generally are purchased at the same time the directors otherwise would have been paid the fees in cash. Since the directors pay full fair market value for the shares, there is no reserved amount of shares under this plan and, accordingly, the table above does not include any set number of shares available for future issuance under the plan.
 
Applied Materials Profit Sharing Scheme The Applied Materials Profit Sharing Scheme was adopted effective July 3, 1996 to enable employees of Applied Materials Ireland Limited and its participating subsidiaries to purchase Applied common stock at 100% of fair market value on the purchase date. Under this plan, eligible employees may elect to forego a certain portion of their base salary and certain bonuses they have earned and that otherwise would be payable in cash to purchase shares of Applied common stock at full fair market value. Since the eligible employees pay full fair market value for the shares, there is no reserved amount of shares under this plan and, accordingly, the table above does not include any set number of shares available for future issuance under the plan.
 
Item 13:   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
The information appearing in the Proxy Statement under the heading “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” is incorporated herein by reference.
 
The information appearing in the Proxy Statement under the heading “Director Independence” is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 14:   Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
Information regarding principal accounting fees and services and the audit committee’s preapproval policies and procedures appears in the Proxy Statement under the headings “Fees Paid to KPMG LLP” and “Policy on Audit Committee’s Pre-Approval of Audit and Permisssible Non-audit Services of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm,” is incorporated herein by reference.


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PART IV
 
Item 15:   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
 
                 
        Page
        Number
 
 
(1)
    Financial Statements:        
        Consolidated Statements of Operations for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 2010     57  
        Consolidated Balance Sheets at October 31, 2010 and October 25, 2009     58  
        Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 2010     59  
        Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 2010     60  
        Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements     61  
        Report of KPMG LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm     103  
 
(2)
    Exhibits:        
        The exhibits listed in the accompanying Index to Exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K     104  
 
(3)
    Financial Statement Schedule:        
        Schedule II — Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 2010     111  
 
All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the Consolidated Financial Statements or Notes thereto.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
                         
Fiscal Year   2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Net sales
  $ 9,548,667     $ 5,013,607     $ 8,129,240  
Cost of products sold
    5,833,665       3,582,802       4,686,412  
                         
Gross margin
    3,715,002       1,430,805       3,442,828  
Operating expenses:
                       
Research, development and engineering
    1,143,521       934,115       1,104,122  
General and administrative
    535,820       406,946       505,762  
Marketing and selling
    406,028       327,572       459,402  
Restructuring charges and asset impairments (Note 12)
    245,925       155,788       39,948  
Gain on sale of facility
                21,837  
                         
Total operating expenses
    2,331,294       1,824,421       2,087,397  
Income (loss) from operations
    1,383,708       (393,616 )     1,355,431  
Pre-tax loss of equity-method investment
          34,983       35,527  
Impairments of investments and strategic investments (Note 3)
    12,665       84,480        
Interest expense
    21,507       21,304       20,506  
Interest income
    37,430       48,580       109,320  
                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    1,386,966       (485,803 )     1,408,718  
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
    449,100       (180,476 )     447,972  
                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 937,866     $ (305,327 )   $ 960,746  
                         
Earnings (loss) per share:
                       
Basic
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.71  
Diluted
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.70  
Weighted average number of shares:
                       
Basic
    1,339,949       1,333,091       1,354,176  
Diluted
    1,348,804       1,333,091       1,374,507  
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
                 
    October 31,
    October 25,
 
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents (Note 3)
  $ 1,857,664     $ 1,576,381  
Short-term investments (Note 3)
    726,918       638,349  
Accounts receivable, net (Note 6)
    1,831,006       1,041,495  
Inventories (Note 7)
    1,547,378       1,627,457  
Deferred income taxes, net (Note 15)
    512,944       356,336  
Income taxes receivable (Note 15)
    857       184,760  
Other current assets
    288,548       264,169  
                 
Total current assets
    6,765,315       5,688,947  
Long-term investments (Note 3)
    1,307,283       1,052,165  
Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 7)
    963,004       1,090,433  
Goodwill, net (Note 8)
    1,336,426       1,170,932  
Purchased technology and other intangible assets, net (Note 8)
    286,821       306,416  
Deferred income taxes and other assets (Note 15)
    284,496       265,350  
                 
Total assets
  $ 10,943,345     $ 9,574,243  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Current portion of long-term debt
  $ 1,258     $ 1,240  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (Note 7)
    1,765,966       1,061,502  
Customer deposits and deferred revenue (Note 7)
    847,231       864,280  
Income taxes payable (Note 15)
    273,421       12,435  
                 
Total current liabilities
    2,887,876       1,939,457  
Long-term debt (Note 11)
    204,271       200,654  
Employee benefits and other liabilities (Note 14)
    315,085       339,524  
                 
Total liabilities
    3,407,232       2,479,635  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
               
Stockholders’ equity (Note 13):
               
Preferred stock: $.01 par value per share; 1,000 shares authorized; no shares issued
           
Common stock: $.01 par value per share; 2,500,000 shares authorized; 1,327,998 and 1,340,917 shares outstanding at 2010 and 2009, respectively
    13,280       13,409  
Additional paid-in capital
    5,406,598       5,195,437  
Retained earnings
    11,510,843       10,934,004  
Treasury stock: 537,056 and 508,254 shares at 2010 and 2009, respectively, net
    (9,396,274 )     (9,046,562 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
    1,666       (1,680 )
                 
Total stockholders’ equity
    7,536,113       7,094,608  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 10,943,345     $ 9,574,243  
                 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
                                                                 
                                        Accumulated
       
                Additional
                      Other
       
    Common Stock     Paid-In
    Retained
    Treasury Stock     Comprehensive
       
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Earnings     Shares     Amount     Income (Loss)     Total  
 
Balance at October 28, 2007
    1,385,711     $ 13,857     $ 4,658,832     $ 10,863,291       434,686     $ (7,725,924 )   $ 11,353     $ 7,821,409  
Components of comprehensive income, net of tax:
                                                               
Net income
                      960,746                         960,746  
Change in unrealized net loss on investments
                                        (41,739 )     (41,739 )
Change in unrealized net gain on derivative instruments
                                        9,448       9,448  
Change in defined benefit plan liability
                                        (7,440 )     (7,440 )
Change in retiree medical benefit
                                        1,866       1,866  
Translation adjustments
                                        (58 )     (58 )
                                                                 
Comprehensive income
                                                            922,823  
Cumulative effect of adoption of interpretative tax guidance on uncertainties in income taxes
                      100,000                         100,000  
Dividends
                      (322,749 )                       (322,749 )
Share-based compensation
                178,943                               178,943  
Issuance under stock plans, net of a tax detriment of $11,519 and other
    28,213       283       258,119             (4,617 )     90,114             348,516  
Common stock repurchases
    (83,163 )     (832 )                 83,163       (1,499,152 )           (1,499,984 )
                                                                 
Balance at October 26, 2008
    1,330,761     $ 13,308     $ 5,095,894     $ 11,601,288       513,232     $ (9,134,962 )   $ (26,570 )   $ 7,548,958  
Components of comprehensive loss, net of tax:
                                                               
Net loss
                      (305,327 )                       (305,327 )
Change in unrealized net gain on investments
                                        44,956       44,956  
Change in unrealized net gain on derivative instruments
                                        (7,729 )     (7,729 )
Change in defined benefit plan liability
                                        (12,492 )     (12,492 )
Change in retiree medical benefit
                                        (719 )     (719 )
Translation adjustments
                                        874       874  
                                                                 
Comprehensive loss
                                                            (280,437 )
Change in measurement date to apply authoritative guidance on defined benefit plans
                      (1,942 )                       (1,942 )
Dividends
                      (320,117 )                       (320,117 )
Share-based compensation
                147,160                               147,160  
Issuance under stock plans, net of a tax detriment of $13,409 and other
    12,098       121       (47,617 )     (39,898 )     (6,920 )     111,286             23,892  
Common stock repurchases
    (1,942 )     (20 )                 1,942       (22,886 )           (22,906 )
                                                                 
Balance at October 25, 2009
    1,340,917     $ 13,409     $ 5,195,437     $ 10,934,004       508,254     $ (9,046,562 )   $ (1,680 )   $ 7,094,608  
Components of comprehensive income, net of tax:
                                                               
Net income
                      937,866                         937,866  
Change in unrealized net gain on investments
                                        4,410       4,410  
Change in unrealized net gain on derivative instruments
                                        4,000       4,000  
Change in defined benefit plan liability
                                        (6,698 )     (6,698 )
Change in retiree medical benefit
                                        (284 )     (284 )
Translation adjustments
                                        1,918       1,918  
                                                                 
Comprehensive income
                                                            941,212  
Dividends
                      (361,027 )                       (361,027 )
Share-based compensation
                126,070                               126,070  
Issuance under stock plans, net of a tax detriment of $27,678 and other
    15,883       159       85,091                               85,250  
Common stock repurchases
    (28,802 )     (288 )                 28,802       (349,712 )           (350,000 )
                                                                 
Balance at October 31, 2010
    1,327,998     $ 13,280     $ 5,406,598     $ 11,510,843       537,056     $ (9,396,274 )   $ 1,666     $ 7,536,113  
                                                                 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
                         
Fiscal Year   2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 937,866     $ (305,327 )   $ 960,746  
Adjustments required to reconcile net income (loss) to cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization
    304,515       291,203       320,051  
Loss on fixed asset retirements
    20,034       24,017       6,826  
Provision for bad debts
    17,000       62,539       2,456  
Restructuring charges and asset impairments
    245,925       155,788       39,948  
Deferred income taxes
    (186,057 )     18,863       (58,259 )
Net recognized loss on investments
    20,473       10,231       4,392  
Pre-tax loss of equity method investment
          34,983       35,527  
Impairments of investments
    12,665       84,480        
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation plans
                (7,491 )
Share-based compensation
    126,070       147,160       178,943  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of amounts acquired:
                       
Accounts receivable
    (766,937 )     586,993       421,834  
Inventories
    144,626       359,560       (638,256 )
Income taxes receivable
    183,903       (59,155 )     (125,605 )
Other current assets
    (4,590 )     94,740       94,247  
Other assets
    (6,690 )     (6,530 )     (394 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    469,049       (660,006 )     (260,041 )
Customer deposits and deferred revenue
    (22,908 )     (361,455 )     622,645  
Income taxes payable
    261,909       (229,128 )     133,731  
Employee benefits and other liabilities
    (34,000 )     83,709       (20,832 )
                         
Cash provided by operating activities
    1,722,853       332,665       1,710,468  
                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Capital expenditures
    (169,081 )     (248,427 )     (287,906 )
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
    (322,599 )           (235,324 )
Proceeds from sale of facility
                42,210  
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
    1,407,804       1,317,365       5,939,509  
Purchases of investments
    (1,777,736 )     (956,249 )     (5,534,475 )
                         
Cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    (861,612 )     112,689       (75,986 )
                         
Cash flows used for financing activities:
                       
Debt repayments, net
    (6,441 )     (750 )     (2,117 )
Proceeds from common stock issuances
    128,832       61,824       393,978  
Common stock repurchases
    (350,000 )     (22,906 )     (1,499,984 )
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation plans
                7,491  
Payments of dividends to stockholders
    (348,522 )     (319,507 )     (325,405 )
                         
Cash used in financing activities
    (576,131 )     (281,339 )     (1,426,037 )
                         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    (3,827 )     742       457  
                         
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
    281,283       164,757       208,902  
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of year
    1,576,381       1,411,624       1,202,722  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents — end of year
  $ 1,857,664     $ 1,576,381     $ 1,411,624  
                         
Supplemental cash flow information:
                       
Cash payments for income taxes
  $ 388,144     $ 206,537     $ 490,826  
Cash refunds for income taxes
  $ 200,660     $ 72,297     $ 122,367  
Cash payments for interest
  $ 14,485     $ 14,372     $ 14,580  
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Applied Materials, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Applied or the Company) after elimination of intercompany balances and transactions. All references to a fiscal year apply to Applied’s fiscal year which ends on the last Sunday in October. Fiscal 2010 contained 53 weeks, while fiscal 2009 and 2008 contained 52 weeks each. The first quarter of fiscal 2010 contained 14 weeks, while the second, third, and fourth quarters of fiscal 2010 contained 13 weeks. Each fiscal quarter of 2009 and 2008 contained 13 weeks.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, Applied evaluates its estimates, including those related to accounts receivable and sales allowances, fair values of financial instruments, inventories, intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, fair values of share-based awards, and income taxes, among others. Applied bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities.
 
Cash Equivalents
 
All highly-liquid investments with a remaining maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consists primarily of investments in institutional money market funds.
 
Investments
 
All of Applied’s investments are classified as available-for-sale at the respective balance sheet dates. Investments classified as available-for-sale are recorded at fair value based upon quoted market prices, and any temporary difference between the cost and fair value of an investment is presented as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The specific identification method is used to determine the gains and losses on investments.
 
Inventories
 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis. Applied adjusts inventory carrying value for estimated obsolescence equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. Applied fully reserves for inventories and noncancelable purchase orders for inventory deemed obsolete. Applied performs periodic reviews of inventory items to identify excess inventories on hand by comparing on-hand balances to anticipated usage using recent historical activity as well as anticipated or forecasted demand. If estimates of customer demand diminish further or market conditions become less favorable than those projected by Applied, additional inventory adjustments may be required. During fiscal 2010, Applied incurred inventory-related charges, including $330 million associated with SunFab thin film solar equipment.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost. Depreciation is provided over the estimated useful lives of the assets using the straight-line method. Estimated useful lives for financial reporting purposes are as follows:


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
buildings and improvements, 3 to 30 years; demonstration and manufacturing equipment, 3 to 5 years; software, 3 to 5 years; and furniture, fixtures and other equipment, 3 to 15 years. Land improvements are amortized over the shorter of 15 years or the estimated useful life. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of five years or the lease term.
 
Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill and indefinite-lived assets are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Purchased technology and other intangible assets are presented at cost, net of accumulated amortization, and are amortized over their estimated useful lives of 1 to 15 years using the straight-line method.
 
Long-Lived Assets
 
Applied reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Applied assesses these assets for impairment based on estimated future cash flows from these assets.
 
Business Combinations
 
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied adopted revised authoritative guidance on business combinations that covers the measurement of acquirer shares issued as consideration for a business combination, the recognition of contingent consideration, the accounting for preacquisition gain and loss contingencies, the recognition of capitalized in-process research and development, the accounting for acquisition-related restructuring cost accruals, the treatment of acquisition-related transaction costs, and the recognition of changes in the acquirer’s income tax valuation allowance. This authoritative guidance also revised the accounting for both increases and decreases in a parent’s controlling ownership interest.
 
Research, Development and Engineering Costs
 
Research, development and engineering costs are expensed as incurred.
 
Sales and Value Added Taxes
 
Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are presented on a net basis in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
Income Taxes
 
Income tax expense is based on pretax earnings. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities, net operating losses and tax credit carryforwards.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Applied recognizes revenue when all four revenue recognition criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; seller’s price to buyer is fixed or determinable; and collectability is probable. Applied’s shipping terms are customarily FOB Applied shipping point or equivalent terms. Applied’s revenue recognition policy generally results in revenue recognition at the following points: (1) for all transactions where legal title passes to the customer upon shipment, Applied recognizes revenue upon shipment for all products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment; the portion of revenue associated with certain installation-related tasks is deferred, and that revenue is recognized upon completion of the installation-related tasks; (2) for products that have not been demonstrated to meet product


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
specifications prior to shipment, revenue is recognized at customer technical acceptance; (3) for transactions where legal title does not pass at shipment, revenue is recognized when legal title passes to the customer, which is generally at customer technical acceptance; (4) for arrangements initiated prior to fiscal 2010 containing multiple elements, the revenue relating to the undelivered elements is deferred at their estimated relative fair values until delivery of the deferred elements; and (5) for arrangements initiated or materially modified during fiscal 2010 containing multiple elements, the revenue relating to the undelivered elements is deferred using the relative selling price method utilizing estimated sales prices until delivery of the deferred elements. Applied limits the amount of revenue recognition for delivered elements to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of products or services, future performance obligations or subject to customer-specified return or adjustment. In cases where Applied has sold products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment, Applied believes that at the time of delivery, it has an enforceable claim to amounts recognized as revenue. The completed contract method is used for SunFabtm thin film lines. Certain SunFab thin film contracts have provisions for additional amounts to become due to Applied if the line achieves certain output criteria subsequent to factory acceptance. Any additional amounts earned under these contracts are recognized upon achievement of such criteria. Spare parts revenue is generally recognized upon shipment, and services revenue is generally recognized over the period that the services are provided.
 
In the first quarter of fiscal 2010, Applied elected to early adopt amended accounting standards issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) for multiple deliverable revenue arrangements on a prospective basis for applicable transactions originating or materially modified after October 25, 2009. The new standard changes the requirements for establishing separate units of accounting in a multiple element arrangement and requires the allocation of arrangement consideration to each deliverable to be based on the relative selling price. The FASB also amended the accounting standards for revenue recognition to exclude software that is contained in a tangible product from the scope of software revenue guidance when the software is essential to the tangible product’s functionality. Implementation of this new authoritative guidance had an insignificant impact on reported net sales as compared to net sales under previous guidance, as the new guidance did not change the units of accounting within sales arrangements and the elimination of the residual method for the allocation of arrangement consideration had an inconsequential impact on the amount and timing of reported net sales.
 
For fiscal 2010 and future periods, when a sales arrangement contains multiple elements, such as hardware and services and/or software products, Applied allocates revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy. The selling price for a deliverable is based on its vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Applied generally utilizes the ESP due to the nature of its products. In multiple element arrangements where more-than-incidental software deliverables are included, revenue is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the non-software deliverables and to the software deliverables as a group using the relative selling prices of each of the deliverables in the arrangement based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. If the arrangement contains more than one software deliverable, the arrangement consideration allocated to the software deliverables as a group is then allocated to each software deliverable using the guidance for recognizing software revenue, as amended.
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Applied uses financial instruments, such as forward exchange and currency option contracts, to hedge a portion of, but not all, existing and anticipated foreign currency denominated transactions typically expected to occur within 24 months. The terms of currency instruments used for hedging purposes are generally consistent with the timing of the transactions being hedged. The purpose of Applied’s foreign currency management is to mitigate the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on certain foreign currency denominated revenues, costs and eventual cash flows. All of Applied’s derivative financial instruments are recorded at fair value based upon quoted market prices for comparable instruments. For derivative instruments designated and qualifying as cash flow hedges of


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
anticipated foreign currency denominated transactions, the effective portion of the gain or loss on these hedges is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity, and is reclassified into earnings when the hedged transaction affects earnings. If the transaction being hedged fails to occur, or if a portion of any derivative is ineffective, the gain or loss on the associated financial instrument is recorded promptly in earnings. For derivative instruments used to hedge existing foreign currency denominated assets or liabilities, the gain or loss on these hedges is recorded promptly in earnings to offset the changes in the fair value of the assets or liabilities being hedged. Applied does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
As of October 31, 2010, primarily all of Applied’s subsidiaries use the United States dollar as their functional currency. Accordingly, assets and liabilities of these subsidiaries are translated using exchange rates in effect at the end of the period, except for non-monetary assets, such as inventories and property, plant and equipment, which are translated using historical exchange rates. Revenues and costs are translated using average exchange rates for the period, except for costs related to those balance sheet items that are translated using historical exchange rates. The resulting translation gains and losses are included in the Consolidated Statements of Operations as incurred.
 
Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject Applied to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash equivalents, investments, trade accounts receivable and derivative financial instruments used in hedging activities. Applied invests in a variety of financial instruments, such as, but not limited to, certificates of deposit, corporate and municipal bonds, United States Treasury and agency securities, and asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities, and, by policy, limits the amount of credit exposure with any one financial institution or commercial issuer. Applied performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and generally requires no collateral to secure accounts receivable. Applied maintains an allowance reserve for potentially uncollectible accounts receivable based on its assessment of the collectibility of accounts receivable. Applied regularly reviews the allowance by considering factors such as historical experience, credit quality, age of the accounts receivable balances, and current economic conditions that may affect a customer’s ability to pay. In addition, Applied utilizes letters of credit to mitigate credit risk when considered appropriate. Applied is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of nonperformance by counterparties to derivative financial instruments, but does not expect any counterparties to fail to meet their obligations.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In March 2010, the FASB issued updated authoritative guidance that amends the requirements for evaluating whether a decision maker or service provider has a variable interest entity and clarified that a quantitative approach should not be the sole consideration in assessing the criteria for variable interest entity determination. The guidance also clarifies that related parties should be considered in applying all of the decision maker and service provider criteria. This is in addition to the authoritative guidance the FASB issued in June 2009 that applies to determining whether an entity is a variable interest entity and requiring an enterprise to perform an analysis to determine whether the enterprise’s variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity. Under this guidance, an enterprise has a controlling financial interest when it has (1) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the variable interest entity. The guidance also requires an enterprise to assess whether it has an implicit financial responsibility to ensure that a variable interest entity operates as designed when determining whether it has power to direct the activities of the variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. The guidance also requires ongoing assessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity, requires enhanced disclosures, and eliminates the scope exclusion for qualifying special-purpose


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
entities. This guidance is effective for Applied beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. The implementation of this authoritative guidance is not expected to have a material impact on Applied’s financial position or results of operations.
 
In January 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance for fair value measurements, which requires additional disclosures and clarifications to existing disclosures. This authoritative guidance requires a reporting entity to disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and also to describe the reasons for these transfers. This authoritative guidance also requires enhanced disclosure of activity in Level 3 fair value measurements. The new disclosures and clarifications of existing disclosures for Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements became effective for Applied in the second quarter of fiscal 2010. Disclosures regarding activity within Level 3 fair value measurements become effective the first interim reporting period after December 15, 2010 and will be effective for Applied in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of this authoritative guidance on its consolidated financial statements. See Note 4 for information and related disclosures regarding Applied’s fair value measurements.
 
In June 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on variable interest entities, which requires revised evaluations of whether entities represent variable interest entities, ongoing assessments of control over such entities, and additional disclosures for variable interests. In December 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the financial reporting by entities involved with variable interest entities which amends previously issued guidance on variable interest entities. The amendments in this authoritative guidance replace the quantitative-based risks and rewards calculation for determining which reporting entity, if any, has a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity with an approach focused on identifying which reporting entity has the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (1) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or (2) the right to receive benefits from the entity. This authoritative guidance becomes effective for Applied in fiscal 2011. The implementation of this authoritative guidance is not expected to have a material impact on Applied’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Note 2   Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares and potential common shares (representing the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchase plans shares) outstanding during the period. Applied’s net income (loss) has not been adjusted for any period presented for purposes of computing basic or diluted earnings (loss) per share due to the Company’s non-complex capital structure. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, weighted average potential common shares do not include stock options with an exercise price greater than the average fair market value of Applied common stock for the period as the effect would be anti-dilutive. Potential common shares have not been included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the fiscal year ended October 25, 2009 as


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
the effect would be anti-dilutive. As such, the numerator and the denominator used in computing both basic and diluted net loss per share for the fiscal year ended October 25, 2009 are the same.
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except per share amounts)  
 
Numerator:
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 937,866     $ (305,327 )   $ 960,746  
Denominator:
                       
Weighted average common shares outstanding
    1,339,949       1,333,091       1,354,176  
Effect of dilutive stock options, restricted stock units and employee stock purchase plans shares
    8,855             20,331  
                         
Denominator for diluted earnings (loss) per share
    1,348,804       1,333,091       1,374,507  
                         
Basic earnings (loss) per share
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.71  
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
  $ 0.70     $ (0.23 )   $ 0.70  
Potentially dilutive securities
    33,706       85,049       36,423  
 
Note 3   Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
 
Summary of Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
 
The following tables summarizes Applied’s cash, cash equivalents and investments by security type:
 
                                         
          Gross
    Gross
       
          Unrealized
    Unrealized
    Estimated
 
October 31, 2010   Cost     Gains     Losses     Fair Value  
          (In thousands)              
 
Cash
  $ 700,467     $     $     $ 700,467          
                                         
Cash equivalents:
                                       
Money market funds
    1,138,770                   1,138,770          
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    18,427                   18,427          
                                         
Total Cash equivalents
    1,157,197                   1,157,197          
                                         
Total Cash and Cash equivalents
  $ 1,857,664     $     $     $ 1,857,664          
                                         
Short-term and long-term investments:
                                       
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
  $ 664,573     $ 8,697     $ 41     $ 673,229          
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    500,392       5,039       65       505,366          
U.S. commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
    501,686       6,611       40       508,257          
Other debt securities*
    261,335       2,317       382       263,270          
                                         
Total fixed income securities
    1,927,986       22,664       528       1,950,122          
Publicly traded equity securities
    9,119       16,067             25,186          
Equity investments in privately-held companies
    58,893                   58,893          
                                         
Total short-term and long-term investments
  $ 1,995,998     $ 38,731     $ 528     $ 2,034,201          
                                         
Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
  $ 3,853,662     $ 38,731     $ 528     $ 3,891,865          
                                         


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
                                 
          Gross
    Gross
       
          Unrealized
    Unrealized
    Estimated
 
October 25, 2009   Cost     Gains     Losses     Fair Value  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash
  $ 341,127     $     $     $ 341,127  
                                 
Cash equivalents:
                               
Money market funds
    1,235,254                   1,235,254  
                                 
Total Cash equivalents
    1,235,254                   1,235,254  
                                 
Total Cash and Cash equivalents
  $ 1,576,381     $     $     $ 1,576,381  
                                 
Short-term and long-term investments:
                               
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
  $ 653,627     $ 8,013     $ 170     $ 661,470  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    419,640       7,597             427,237  
U.S. commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
    382,550       5,676       281       387,945  
Other debt securities*
    103,193       1,430       391       104,232  
                                 
Total fixed income securities
    1,559,010       22,716       842       1,580,884  
Publicly traded equity securities
    9,572       9,439             19,011  
Equity investments in privately-held companies
    90,619                   90,619  
                                 
Total short-term and long-term investments
  $ 1,659,201     $ 32,155     $ 842     $ 1,690,514  
                                 
Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
  $ 3,235,582     $ 32,155     $ 842     $ 3,266,895  
                                 
 
 
* Other debt securities consist primarily of investment grade asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities.
 
Maturities of Investments
 
The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of Applied’s investments at October 31, 2010:
 
                 
          Estimated
 
    Cost     Fair Value  
    (In thousands)  
 
Due in one year or less
  $ 699,095     $ 701,494  
Due after one through five years
    964,098       981,459  
Due after five years
    3,457       3,899  
No single maturity date**
    329,348       347,349  
                 
    $ 1,995,998     $ 2,034,201  
                 
 
 
** Securities with no single maturity date include publicly-traded and privately-held equity securities, and asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
 
Gains and Losses on Investments
 
Gross realized gains and losses on sales of investments during fiscal 2010, 2009, and 2008 were as follows:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Gross realized gains
  $ 6,184     $ 8,666     $ 13,483  
Gross realized losses
  $ 1,622     $ 10,486     $ 14,690  
 
At October 31, 2010, Applied had a gross unrealized loss of $1 million due to a decrease in the fair value of certain fixed income securities. Applied regularly reviews its investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether an unrealized loss is temporary, or other-than-temporary and therefore impaired, include: the length of time and extent to which fair value has been lower than the cost basis; the financial condition, credit quality and near-term prospects of the investee; and whether it is more likely than not that Applied will be required to sell the security prior to recovery. Generally, the contractual terms of investments in marketable securities do not permit settlement at prices less than the amortized cost of the investments. Applied has determined that the gross unrealized losses on its marketable securities at October 31, 2010 are temporary in nature and therefore it did not recognize any impairment of its marketable securities for fiscal 2010. During fiscal 2010, Applied determined that certain of its equity investments in privately-held companies were other-than-temporarily impaired and, accordingly, recognized impairment charges in the amounts of $13 million. Impairment charges associated with financial assets for fiscal 2009 totaled $84 million, consisting of the following: equity method investment, $45 million; publicly-traded equity securities, $20 million; equity investments in privately-held companies, $17 million; and marketable securities $2 million. Applied did not recognize any impairment of its financial assets for fiscal 2008.
 
The following table provides the fair market value of Applied’s investments with unrealized losses that are not deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired as of October 31, 2010.
 
                                                 
    In Loss Position for
    In Loss Position for
       
    Less Than 12 Months     12 Months or Greater     Total  
          Gross
          Gross
          Gross
 
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
 
    Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses  
                (In thousands)              
 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
  $ 37,742     $ 31     $ 7,543     $ 10     $ 45,285     $ 41  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    66,024       65                   66,024       65  
U.S. commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
    54,127       40                   54,127       40  
Other debt securities
    </