10-Q 1 amat0429201810-qq22018.htm 10-Q Q2 2018 Document


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)

þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 29, 2018
or

¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                    to                 
Commission File Number 000-06920
Applied Materials, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
94-1655526
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
3050 Bowers Avenue,
95052-8039
P.O. Box 58039
Santa Clara, California
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(408) 727-5555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨        No  þ
Number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock as of April 29, 2018: 1,008,047,762



APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED APRIL 29, 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1:    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2:    
Item 3:    
Item 4:    
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1:    
Item 1A:
Item 2:    
Item 6:    
 
    




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Net sales
$
4,567

 
$
3,546

 
$
8,771

 
$
6,824

Cost of products sold
2,477

 
1,946

 
4,761

 
3,779

Gross profit
2,090

 
1,600

 
4,010

 
3,045

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research, development and engineering
509

 
437

 
997

 
854

Marketing and selling
130

 
116

 
256

 
234

General and administrative
124

 
107

 
234

 
210

Total operating expenses
763

 
660

 
1,487

 
1,298

Income from operations
1,327

 
940

 
2,523

 
1,747

Interest expense
56

 
44

 
115

 
82

Interest and other income, net
24

 
12

 
49

 
14

Income before income taxes
1,295

 
908

 
2,457

 
1,679

Provision for income taxes
166

 
84

 
1,193

 
152

Net income
$
1,129

 
$
824

 
$
1,264

 
$
1,527

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.10

 
$
0.76

 
$
1.21

 
$
1.42

Diluted
$
1.09

 
$
0.76

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.40

Weighted average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
1,029

 
1,078

 
1,042

 
1,078

Diluted
1,040

 
1,087

 
1,056

 
1,088

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

3



APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Net income
$
1,129

 
$
824

 
$
1,264

 
$
1,527

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized net gain on investments
(7
)
 
14

 
(1
)
 
15

Change in unrealized net loss on derivative instruments
8

 
(15
)
 
(11
)
 

Change in defined and postretirement benefit plans

 
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
(10
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
1

 
(4
)
 
(14
)
 
5

Comprehensive income
$
1,130

 
$
820

 
$
1,250

 
$
1,532

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.



4


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
4,870

 
$
5,010

Short-term investments
482

 
2,266

Accounts receivable, net
2,665

 
2,338

Inventories
3,494

 
2,930

Other current assets
380

 
374

Total current assets
11,891

 
12,918

Long-term investments
1,214

 
1,143

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,257

 
1,066

Goodwill
3,368

 
3,368

Purchased technology and other intangible assets, net
313

 
412

Deferred income taxes and other assets
455

 
512

Total assets
$
18,498

 
$
19,419

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
2,619

 
$
2,450

Customer deposits and deferred revenue
1,961

 
1,665

Total current liabilities
4,580

 
4,115

Income taxes payable
1,282

 
392

Long-term debt
5,306

 
5,304

Other liabilities
288

 
259

Total liabilities
11,456

 
10,070

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock
10

 
11

Additional paid-in capital
7,087

 
7,056

Retained earnings
19,216

 
18,258

Treasury stock
(19,193
)
 
(15,912
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(78
)
 
(64
)
Total stockholders’ equity
7,042

 
9,349

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
18,498

 
$
19,419

Amounts as of April 29, 2018 are unaudited. Amounts as of October 29, 2017 are derived from the October 29, 2017 audited consolidated financial statements.
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

5


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In millions)
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Six Months Ended April 29, 2018
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Balance as of October 29, 2017
1,060

 
$
11

 
$
7,056

 
$
18,258

 
917

 
$
(15,912
)
 
$
(64
)
 
$
9,349

Net income

 

 

 
1,264

 

 

 

 
1,264

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 
(14
)
 
(14
)
Dividends

 

 

 
(306
)
 

 

 

 
(306
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
129

 

 

 

 

 
129

Issuance under stock plans
7

 

 
(98
)
 

 

 

 

 
(98
)
Common stock repurchases
(59
)
 
(1
)
 

 

 
59

 
(3,281
)
 

 
(3,282
)
Balance as of April 29, 2018
1,008

 
$
10

 
$
7,087

 
$
19,216

 
976

 
$
(19,193
)
 
$
(78
)
 
$
7,042

 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Six Months Ended April 30, 2017
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Balance as of October 30, 2016
1,078

 
$
11

 
$
6,809

 
$
15,252

 
889

 
$
(14,740
)
 
$
(115
)
 
$
7,217

Net income

 

 

 
1,527

 

 

 

 
1,527

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 
5

 
5

Dividends

 

 

 
(215
)
 

 

 

 
(215
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
107

 

 

 

 

 
107

Issuance under stock plans, net of tax benefit of $48 and other
8

 

 
(17
)
 

 

 

 

 
(17
)
Common stock repurchases
(11
)
 

 

 

 
11

 
(412
)
 

 
(412
)
Balance as of April 30, 2017
1,075

 
$
11

 
$
6,899

 
$
16,564

 
900

 
$
(15,152
)
 
$
(110
)
 
$
8,212


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.



6


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,264

 
$
1,527

Adjustments required to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
227

 
200

Share-based compensation
129

 
107

Deferred income taxes
86

 
9

Other
11

 
9

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(326
)
 
(98
)
Inventories
(564
)
 
(559
)
Other current and non-current assets
(34
)
 
(30
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
100

 
67

Customer deposits and deferred revenue
296

 
411

Income taxes payable
860

 
43

Other liabilities
28

 
17

Cash provided by operating activities
2,077

 
1,703

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(324
)
 
(141
)
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(5
)
 
(26
)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
2,432

 
887

Purchases of investments
(729
)
 
(2,368
)
Cash provided by (used in) investing activities
1,374

 
(1,648
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Debt borrowings, net of issuance costs

 
2,176

Proceeds from common stock issuances
56

 
46

Common stock repurchases
(3,282
)
 
(412
)
Tax withholding payments for vested equity awards
(154
)
 
(111
)
Payments of dividends to stockholders
(211
)
 
(216
)
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(3,591
)
 
1,483

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(140
)
 
1,538

Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
5,010

 
3,406

Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
$
4,870

 
$
4,944

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash payments for income taxes
$
217

 
$
65

Cash refunds from income taxes
$
41

 
$
8

Cash payments for interest
$
110

 
$
75


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

7


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1    Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements of Applied Materials, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Applied or the Company) included herein have been prepared on a basis consistent with the October 29, 2017 audited consolidated financial statements and include all material adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the information set forth therein. These unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Applied’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2017 (2017 Form 10-K). Applied’s results of operations for the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of future operating results. Applied’s fiscal year ends on the last Sunday in October of each year. Fiscal 2018 and 2017 each contain 52 weeks, and the first half of fiscal 2018 and 2017 each contained 26 weeks.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, Applied evaluates its estimates, including those related to accounts receivable and sales allowances, fair values of financial instruments, inventories, intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, fair values of share-based awards, and income taxes, among others. Applied bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities.
Revenue Recognition
Applied recognizes revenue when all four revenue recognition criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; seller’s price to buyer is fixed or determinable; and collectability is probable. Applied’s shipping terms are customarily FOB Applied shipping point or equivalent terms. Applied’s revenue recognition policy generally results in revenue recognition at the following points: (1) for all transactions where legal title passes to the customer upon shipment or delivery, Applied recognizes revenue upon passage of title for all products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment; the portion of revenue associated with certain installation-related tasks is deferred, and that revenue is recognized upon completion of the installation-related tasks; (2) for products that have not been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment, revenue is recognized at customer technical acceptance; (3) for transactions where legal title does not pass at shipment or delivery, revenue is recognized when legal title passes to the customer, which is generally at customer technical acceptance; and (4) for arrangements containing multiple elements, the revenue relating to the undelivered elements is deferred using the relative selling price method utilizing estimated sales prices until delivery of the deferred elements. Applied limits the amount of revenue recognition for delivered elements to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of products or services, future performance obligations or subject to customer-specified return or adjustment. In cases where Applied has sold products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment, Applied believes that at the time of delivery, it has an enforceable claim to amounts recognized as revenue. Spare parts revenue is generally recognized upon shipment, and services revenue is generally recognized over the period that the services are provided.
When a sales arrangement contains multiple elements, such as hardware and services and/or software products, Applied allocates revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy. The selling price for a deliverable is based on its vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Applied generally utilizes the ESP due to the nature of its products. In multiple element arrangements where more-than-incidental software deliverables are included, revenue is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the non-software deliverables, and to the software deliverables as a group, using the relative selling prices of each of the deliverables in the arrangement based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. If the arrangement contains more than one software deliverable, the arrangement consideration allocated to the software deliverables as a group is then allocated to each software deliverable using the guidance for recognizing software revenue.


8

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Adopted
Inventory Measurement. In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (FASB) issued authoritative guidance that requires inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value instead of at lower of cost or market. This guidance does not apply to inventory that is measured using last-in, first out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method but applies to all other inventory including those measured using first-in, first-out (FIFO) or the average cost method. Applied adopted this authoritative guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 prospectively to measurement of inventory after the effective date. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Share-Based Compensation. In March 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including forfeitures, income tax, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Applied adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Upon adoption, Applied elected to continue to estimate forfeitures expected to occur to determine the amount of compensation costs to be recognized in each period. The new standard also required recognition of excess tax benefits in the provision for income taxes rather than additional paid-in capital prospectively. In the six months ended April 29, 2018, Applied recognized an excess tax benefit of $53 million in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations. Additionally, Applied elected to apply the presentation requirements for cash flows related to excess tax benefits and employee taxes paid for withheld shares retrospectively. Adopting this guidance increased cash provided by operating activities by a net $159 million with a corresponding net decrease in cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended April 30, 2017.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. In February 2018, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that allows stranded tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The authoritative guidance will be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Act is recognized. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Derivatives and Hedging. In August 2017, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that modifies the recognition and presentation of hedge accounting to better align an entity’s risk management strategies and financial reporting for hedging relationships. The authoritative guidance expands the application of hedge accounting for non-financial and financial risk components and eases certain hedge effectiveness assessment requirements. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Share-Based Compensation: Modification Accounting. In May 2017, the FASB issued an update to clarify when to account for a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award as a modification. Under the new guidance, modification accounting is required only if the fair value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award changes as a result of the change in terms or conditions. This authoritative guidance will be applied prospectively to awards modified following adoption and will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted. The impact of the adoption of this guidance will depend on whether the Company makes any future modifications of share-based payment awards.
Receivables: Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs. In March 2017, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that will shorten the amortization period for certain callable debt securities held at a premium to the earliest call date to more closely align with expectations incorporated in market pricing. This authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 on a modified retrospective basis, with early adoption permitted. Applied is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Retirement Benefits. In March 2017, the FASB issued authoritative guidance which requires companies to present the service cost component of net benefit cost in the same line items in which they report compensation cost. The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a retrospective basis, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance is only expected to result in reclassification of other components of net benefit costs outside of income from operations and is not expected to have a significant impact on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.

9

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Goodwill Impairment. In January 2017, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that simplifies the process required to test goodwill for impairment. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2021, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Business Combinations. In January 2017, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that clarifies the definition of a business to help companies evaluate whether acquisition or disposal transactions should be accounted for as asset groups or as businesses. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a prospective basis, with early adoption permitted. The impact of the adoption depends on the facts and circumstances of future acquisition or disposal transactions.
Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Asset Transfers. In October 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires entities to recognize at the transaction date the income tax effects of intercompany asset transfers other than inventory. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. In August 2016, a new authoritative guidance was issued which addresses classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments related to the statement of cash flows. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Financial Instruments: Credit Losses. In June 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that modifies the impairment model for certain financial assets by requiring use of an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Early adoption is permitted beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance for lease accounting, which requires lessees to recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for certain lease arrangements that are classified as operating leases under the previous standard, and to provide for enhanced disclosures. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and should be applied using a modified retrospective approach. Early adoption is permitted. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Financial Instruments: Classification and Measurement. In January 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires equity investments that do not result in consolidation, and are not accounted for under the equity method, to be measured at fair value, and requires recognition of any changes in fair value in net income unless the investments qualify for a new practicability exception. For financial liabilities measured at fair value, the change in fair value caused by a change in instrument-specific credit risk will be required to be presented separately in other comprehensive income. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Early adoption is permitted only for the provisions related to the recognition of changes in fair value of financial liabilities caused by instrument-specific credit risk. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s consolidated financial statements.
Revenue Recognition. In May 2014, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires revenue recognition to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services, and requires certain additional disclosures. This new standard will supersede most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Entities will have the option of using either a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach to adopting the guidance. In August 2015, the FASB issued an amendment to defer the effective date by one year and allow entities to early adopt no earlier than the original effective date. With this amendment, the guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, which is the Company’s planned adoption date. Applied currently anticipates adopting this new guidance using the full retrospective approach, although this continues to be assessed as part of the overall evaluation.
In fiscal 2016, Applied established a project steering committee and cross-functional implementation team to identify potential differences that would result from applying the requirements of the new standard to Applied’s revenue contracts. In addition, the implementation team is also responsible for identifying and implementing changes to business processes, systems and controls to support recognition and disclosure under the new standard. While the Company’s evaluation of the impact of this new guidance is not complete, Applied currently expects the timing of revenue recognition for certain products to be earlier than under current revenue recognition guidance. Applied will continue to complete its evaluation of the effect of this new guidance on Applied’s financial position, results of operations and its ongoing financial reporting, and its preliminary assessments are subject to change.

10

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 2
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares and potential common shares (representing the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchase plan shares) outstanding during the period. Applied’s net income has not been adjusted for any period presented for purposes of computing basic or diluted earnings per share due to the Company’s non-complex capital structure.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,129

 
$
824

 
$
1,264

 
$
1,527

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
1,029

 
1,078

 
1,042

 
1,078

Effect of dilutive stock options, restricted stock units and employee stock purchase plan shares
11

 
9

 
14

 
10

Denominator for diluted earnings per share
1,040

 
1,087

 
1,056

 
1,088

Basic earnings per share
$
1.10

 
$
0.76

 
$
1.21

 
$
1.42

Diluted earnings per share
$
1.09

 
$
0.76

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.40

Potentially dilutive securities

 

 

 


Potentially dilutive securities attributable to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share where the combined exercise price and average unamortized fair value are greater than the average market price of Applied common stock, and therefore their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Prior to the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-09 Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the assumed tax benefits upon the exercise of options and vesting of restricted stock units were also included in this calculation.

11

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 3
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
Summary of Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
The following tables summarize Applied’s cash, cash equivalents and investments by security type:
 
April 29, 2018
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash
$
1,468

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,468

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
1,894

 

 

 
1,894

Non-U.S. government securities*
80

 

 

 
80

Municipal securities
795

 

 

 
795

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
633

 

 

 
633

Total Cash equivalents
3,402

 

 

 
3,402

Total Cash and Cash equivalents
$
4,870

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,870

Short-term and long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$
193

 
$

 
$
1

 
$
192

Non-U.S. government securities*
49

 

 

 
49

Municipal securities
395

 

 
4

 
391

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
456

 

 
4

 
452

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities
428

 

 
4

 
424

Total fixed income securities
1,521

 

 
13

 
1,508

Publicly traded equity securities
21

 
87

 

 
108

Equity investments in privately-held companies
80

 

 

 
80

Total short-term and long-term investments
$
1,622

 
$
87

 
$
13

 
$
1,696

Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
$
6,492

 
$
87

 
$
13

 
$
6,566

 _________________________
* Includes agency debt securities guaranteed by non-U.S. governments, which consist of Canada and Germany.


12

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



October 29, 2017
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash
$
1,346

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,346

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
2,658

 

 

 
2,658

U.S. Treasury and agency securities
15

 

 

 
15

Non-U.S. government securities*
55

 

 

 
55

Municipal securities
341

 

 

 
341

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
595

 

 

 
595

Total Cash equivalents
3,664

 

 

 
3,664

Total Cash and Cash equivalents
$
5,010

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,010

Short-term and long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$
667

 
$

 
$
1

 
$
666

Non-U.S. government securities*
161

 

 

 
161

Municipal securities
1,007

 

 

 
1,007

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
1,024

 
1

 
1

 
1,024

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities
379

 

 
1

 
378

Total fixed income securities
3,238

 
1

 
3

 
3,236

Publicly traded equity securities
22

 
78

 
1

 
99

Equity investments in privately-held companies
74

 

 

 
74

Total short-term and long-term investments
$
3,334

 
$
79

 
$
4

 
$
3,409

Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
$
8,344

 
$
79

 
$
4

 
$
8,419

 _________________________
* Includes agency debt securities guaranteed by non-U.S. governments, which consist of Canada and Germany.

 Maturities of Investments
The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of Applied’s investments as of April 29, 2018:
 
 
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Due in one year or less
$
442

 
$
442

Due after one through five years
651

 
642

No single maturity date**
529

 
612

 
$
1,622

 
$
1,696

 _________________________
** Securities with no single maturity date include publicly-traded and privately-held equity securities and asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities.
 


13

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Gains and Losses on Investments
During the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017, gross realized gains and losses on investments were not material.
As of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017, gross unrealized losses related to Applied’s investment portfolio were not material. Applied regularly reviews its investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether an unrealized loss is considered to be temporary, or other-than-temporary and therefore impaired, include: the length of time and extent to which fair value has been lower than the cost basis; the financial condition, credit quality and near-term prospects of the investee; and whether it is more likely than not that Applied will be required to sell the security prior to recovery. Generally, the contractual terms of investments in marketable securities do not permit settlement at prices less than the amortized cost of the investments. Applied determined that the gross unrealized losses on its marketable fixed-income securities as of April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017 were temporary in nature and therefore it did not recognize any impairment of its marketable fixed-income securities during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 or April 30, 2017. Impairment charges on equity investments in privately-held companies during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017 were not material. These impairment charges are included in interest and other income, net in the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations.
Unrealized gains and temporary losses on investments classified as available-for-sale are included within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of any related tax effect. Upon realization, those amounts are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to results of operations.


Note 4
Fair Value Measurements
Applied’s financial assets are measured and recorded at fair value, except for equity investments in privately-held companies. These equity investments are generally accounted for under the cost method of accounting and are periodically assessed for other-than-temporary impairment when events or circumstances indicate that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred. Applied’s nonfinancial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment, are recorded at cost and are assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable.
Fair Value Hierarchy
Applied uses the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement:
 
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Applied’s investments consist primarily of debt securities that are classified as available-for-sale and recorded at their fair values. In determining the fair value of investments, Applied uses pricing information from pricing services that value securities based on quoted market prices and models that utilize observable market inputs. In the event a fair value estimate is unavailable from a pricing service, Applied generally obtains non-binding price quotes from brokers. Applied then reviews the information provided by the pricing services or brokers to determine the fair value of its short-term and long-term investments. In addition, to validate pricing information obtained from pricing services, Applied periodically performs supplemental analysis on a sample of securities. Applied reviews any significant unanticipated differences identified through this analysis to determine the appropriate fair value.
Investments with remaining effective maturities of 12 months or less from the balance sheet date are classified as short-term investments. Investments with remaining effective maturities of more than 12 months from the balance sheet date are classified as long-term investments. As of April 29, 2018, substantially all of Applied’s available-for-sale, short-term and long-term investments were recognized at fair value that was determined based upon observable inputs.


14

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Financial assets (excluding cash balances) measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:
 
 
April 29, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
1,894

 
$

 
$
1,894

 
$
2,658

 
$

 
$
2,658

U.S. Treasury and agency securities
166

 
26

 
192

 
192

 
489

 
681

Non-U.S. government securities

 
129

 
129

 

 
216

 
216

Municipal securities

 
1,186

 
1,186

 

 
1,348

 
1,348

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes

 
1,085

 
1,085

 

 
1,619

 
1,619

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities

 
424

 
424

 

 
378

 
378

Publicly traded equity securities
108

 

 
108

 
99

 

 
99

Total
$
2,168

 
$
2,850

 
$
5,018

 
$
2,949

 
$
4,050

 
$
6,999

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 or April 30, 2017. Applied did not have any financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements as of April 29, 2018 or October 29, 2017.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis
Equity investments in privately-held companies are generally accounted for under the cost method of accounting and are periodically assessed for other-than-temporary impairment when an event or circumstance indicates that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred. If Applied determines that an other-than-temporary impairment has occurred, the investment will be written down to its estimated fair value based on available information, such as pricing in recent rounds of financing, current cash positions, earnings and cash flow forecasts, recent operational performance and any other readily available market data. As of April 29, 2018, equity investments in privately-held companies totaled $80 million, of which $64 million of these investments were accounted for under the cost method of accounting and $16 million of investments had been measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements due to an other-than-temporary decline in value. As of October 29, 2017, equity investments in privately-held companies totaled $74 million, of which $65 million of these investments were accounted for under the cost method of accounting and $9 million of investments had been measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements due to an other-than-temporary decline in value. Impairment charges on equity investments in privately-held companies during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017 were not material.
Other
The carrying amounts of Applied’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes payable - short term, and accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate fair value due to their short maturities. As of April 29, 2018 the carrying amount of long-term debt was $5.3 billion and the estimated fair value was $5.6 billion. As of October 29, 2017, the carrying amount of long-term debt was $5.3 billion and the estimated fair value was $5.8 billion. The estimated fair value of long-term debt is determined by Level 2 inputs and is based primarily on quoted market prices for the same or similar issues. See Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements for further detail of existing debt.

15

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 5
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Derivative Financial Instruments
Applied conducts business in a number of foreign countries, with certain transactions denominated in local currencies, such as the Japanese yen, euro, Israeli shekel and Taiwanese dollar. Applied uses derivative financial instruments, such as forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts, to hedge certain forecasted foreign currency denominated transactions expected to occur typically within the next 24 months. The purpose of Applied’s foreign currency management is to mitigate the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on certain foreign currency denominated revenues, costs and eventual cash flows. The terms of currency instruments used for hedging purposes are generally consistent with the timing of the transactions being hedged.
During fiscal 2017, Applied entered into and settled interest rate lock agreements, with a total notional amount of $700 million to hedge against the variability of cash flows due to changes in the benchmark interest rate of fixed rate debt. These instruments were designated as cash flow hedges at inception and settled in conjunction with the issuance of debt in March 2017. The $14 million loss from the settlement of the interest rate lock agreement, which was included in accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCI) in stockholders’ equity, is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the senior unsecured 10-year notes issued in March 2017.
Applied does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Derivative instruments and hedging activities, including foreign currency exchange and interest rate contracts, are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge treatment, as well as the ineffective portion of any hedges, are recognized currently in earnings. All of Applied’s derivative financial instruments are recorded at their fair value in other current assets or in accounts payable and accrued expenses. 
Hedges related to anticipated transactions are designated and documented at the inception of the hedge as cash flow hedges and foreign exchange derivatives are typically entered into once per month. Cash flow hedges are evaluated for effectiveness quarterly. The effective portion of the gain or loss on these hedges is reported as a component of AOCI in stockholders’ equity and is reclassified into earnings when the hedged transaction affects earnings. The majority of the after-tax net income or loss related to foreign exchange derivative instruments included in AOCI as of April 29, 2018 is expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months. Changes in the fair value of currency forward exchange and option contracts due to changes in time value are excluded from the assessment of effectiveness. Both ineffective hedge amounts and hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in earnings. If the transaction being hedged is no longer probable to occur, or if a portion of any derivative is deemed to be ineffective, Applied promptly recognizes the gain or loss on the associated financial instrument in earnings. The amount recognized due to discontinuance of cash flow hedges that were probable not to occur by the end of the originally specified time period was not significant for the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017.
Additionally, forward exchange contracts are generally used to hedge certain foreign currency denominated assets or liabilities. These derivatives are typically entered into once per month and are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of these hedges are recorded in earnings to offset the changes in the fair value of the assets or liabilities being hedged.
The fair values of foreign exchange derivative instruments as of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017 were not material.



16

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



The effects of derivative instruments and hedging activities on the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations were as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 29, 2018
 
April 30, 2017
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Location of Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
AOCI
 
$
2

 
$

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts
Cost of products sold
 

 
(12
)
 
4

 

 
10

 
(2
)
Foreign exchange contracts
General and administrative
 

 
5

 
(1
)
 

 
3

 
(1
)
Interest rate contracts
Interest expense
 

 
(1
)
 

 
(14
)
 
(1
)
 

Total
 
 
$
2

 
$
(8
)
 
$
3

 
$
(12
)
 
$
12

 
$
(3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
April 29, 2018
 
April 30, 2017
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Location of Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
AOCI
 
$
(16
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
18


$

 
$

Foreign exchange contracts
Cost of products sold
 

 
(4
)
 
6

 

 
6

 
(3
)
Foreign exchange contracts
General and administrative
 

 
4

 
(3
)
 

 

 
(1
)
Interest rate contracts
Interest expense
 

 
(2
)
 

 
(14
)
 
(1
)
 

Total
 
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
3

 
$
4

 
$
5

 
$
(4
)
 
 
 
Amount of Gain or (Loss) 
Recognized in Income
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Location of Gain or
(Loss) Recognized
in Income
 
April 29, 2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29, 2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
General and administrative
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
25

Total
 
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
25


17

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Credit Risk Contingent Features
If Applied’s credit rating were to fall below investment grade, it would be in violation of credit risk contingent provisions of the derivative instruments discussed above, and certain counterparties to the derivative instruments could request immediate payment on derivative instruments in net liability positions. The aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk related contingent features that were in a net liability position was immaterial as of April 29, 2018.
Entering into derivative contracts with banks exposes Applied to credit-related losses in the event of the banks’ nonperformance. However, Applied’s exposure is not considered significant.


Note 6
Accounts Receivable, Net
Applied has agreements with various financial institutions to sell accounts receivable and discount promissory notes from selected customers. Applied sells its accounts receivable without recourse. Applied, from time to time, also discounts letters of credit issued by customers through various financial institutions. The discounting of letters of credit depends on many factors, including the willingness of financial institutions to discount the letters of credit and the cost of such arrangements.
Applied sold $390 million and $766 million of accounts receivable during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018, respectively. Applied sold $86 million and $149 million of accounts receivable during the three and six months ended April 30, 2017, respectively. Applied did not discount letters of credit issued by customers or discount promissory notes during the three and six months ended April 29, 2018 and April 30, 2017. Financing charges on the sale of receivables and discounting of letters of credit are included in interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations and were not material for all periods presented.
Accounts receivable are presented net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $34 million as of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017. Applied sells its products principally to manufacturers within the semiconductor and display industries. While Applied believes that its allowance for doubtful accounts is adequate and represents its best estimate as of April 29, 2018, it continues to closely monitor customer liquidity and industry and economic conditions, which may result in changes to Applied’s estimates.


18

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 7
Balance Sheet Detail
 
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Inventories
 
 
 
Customer service spares
$
707

 
$
595

Raw materials
785

 
603

Work-in-process
601

 
468

Finished goods
1,401

 
1,264

 
$
3,494

 
$
2,930

 
Included in finished goods inventory are $290 million as of April 29, 2018, and $331 million as of October 29, 2017, of newly-introduced systems at customer locations where the sales transaction did not meet Applied’s revenue recognition criteria as set forth in Note 1. Finished goods inventory includes $327 million and $281 million of evaluation inventory as of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017, respectively.
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Other Current Assets
 
 
 
Prepaid income taxes and income taxes receivable
$
133

 
$
57

Prepaid expenses and other
247

 
317

 
$
380

 
$
374


 
Useful Life
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In years)
 
(In millions)
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
 
 
 
Land and improvements
 
 
$
221

 
$
160

Buildings and improvements
3-30
 
1,387

 
1,315

Demonstration and manufacturing equipment
3-5
 
1,220

 
1,129

Furniture, fixtures and other equipment
3-15
 
601

 
572

Construction in progress
 
 
183

 
135

Gross property, plant and equipment
 
 
3,612

 
3,311

Accumulated depreciation
 
 
(2,355
)
 
(2,245
)
 
 
 
$
1,257

 
$
1,066



19

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,164

 
$
945

Compensation and employee benefits
480

 
666

Warranty
218

 
199

Dividends payable
202

 
106

Income taxes payable
82

 
112

Other accrued taxes
61

 
70

Interest payable
38

 
38

Other
374

 
314

 
$
2,619

 
$
2,450

 
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Customer Deposits and Deferred Revenue
 
 
 
Customer deposits
$
536

 
$
381

Deferred revenue
1,425

 
1,284

 
$
1,961

 
$
1,665

 
Applied typically receives deposits on future deliverables from customers in the Display and Adjacent Markets segment and, in certain instances, may also receive deposits from customers in the Applied Global Services segment.
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Other Liabilities
 
 
 
Defined and postretirement benefit plans
$
165

 
$
160

Other
123

 
99

 
$
288

 
$
259


20

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)




Note 8
Goodwill, Purchased Technology and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets
Applied’s methodology for allocating the purchase price relating to purchase acquisitions is determined through established and generally accepted valuation techniques. Goodwill is measured as the excess of the purchase price over the sum of the amounts assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired less liabilities assumed. Applied assigns assets acquired (including goodwill) and liabilities assumed to one or more reporting units as of the date of acquisition. Typically, acquisitions relate to a single reporting unit and thus do not require the allocation of goodwill to multiple reporting units. If the products obtained in an acquisition are assigned to multiple reporting units, the goodwill is distributed to the respective reporting units as part of the purchase price allocation process.
Goodwill and purchased intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The process of evaluating the potential impairment of goodwill and intangible assets requires significant judgment, especially in emerging markets. Applied regularly monitors current business conditions and considers other factors including, but not limited to, adverse industry or economic trends, restructuring actions and lower projections of profitability that may impact future operating results.
To test goodwill for impairment, Applied first performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. If it is concluded that this is the case, Applied then performs the two-step goodwill impairment test. Otherwise, the two-step goodwill impairment test is not required. Under the two-step goodwill impairment test, Applied would in the first step compare the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. Applied determines the fair value of each of its reporting units based on a weighting of income and market approaches. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, Applied would then perform the second step of the impairment test in order to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. If Applied determines that the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, Applied would record an impairment charge equal to the difference.
As of April 29, 2018, Applied’s reporting units include Semiconductor Product Group and Imaging and Process Control Group, which combine to form the Semiconductor Systems reporting segment, Applied Global Services, and Display and Adjacent Markets.
The evaluation of goodwill and intangible assets for impairment requires the exercise of significant judgment. In the event of future changes in business conditions, Applied will be required to reassess and update its forecasts and estimates used in future impairment analyses. If the results of these future analyses are lower than current estimates, a material impairment charge may result at that time.
Details of goodwill as of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017 were as follows:
 
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Semiconductor Systems
$
2,151

 
$
2,151

Applied Global Services
1,018

 
1,018

Display and Adjacent Markets
199

 
199

Carrying amount
$
3,368

 
$
3,368

A summary of Applied’s purchased technology and intangible assets is set forth below:
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Purchased technology, net
$
199

 
$
288

Intangible assets - finite-lived, net
114

 
124

Total
$
313

 
$
412


21

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Finite-Lived Purchased Intangible Assets
Applied amortizes purchased intangible assets with finite lives using the straight-line method over the estimated economic lives of the assets, ranging from 1 to 15 years.
Applied evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset group may not be recoverable. Applied assesses the fair value of the assets based on the amount of the undiscounted future cash flow that the assets are expected to generate and recognizes an impairment loss when estimated undiscounted future cash flow expected to result from the use of the asset, plus net proceeds expected from disposition of the asset, if any, are less than the carrying value of the asset. When Applied identifies an impairment, Applied reduces the carrying value of the group of assets to comparable market values, when available and appropriate, or to its estimated fair value based on a discounted cash flow approach.
Intangible assets, such as purchased technology, are generally recorded in connection with a business acquisition. The value assigned to intangible assets is usually based on estimates and judgments regarding expectations for the success and life cycle of products and technology acquired. Applied evaluates the useful lives of its intangible assets each reporting period to determine whether events and circumstances require revising the remaining period of amortization. In addition, Applied reviews intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate their carrying value may not be recoverable. Management considers such indicators as significant differences in actual product acceptance from the estimates, changes in the competitive and economic environments, technological advances, and changes in cost structure.
 
Details of finite-lived intangible assets were as follows:
 
 
April 29, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
 
Purchased
Technology
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
Purchased
Technology
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Gross carrying amount:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Semiconductor Systems
$
1,449

 
$
252

 
$
1,701

 
$
1,449

 
$
252

 
$
1,701

Applied Global Services
33

 
44

 
77

 
33

 
44

 
77

Display and Adjacent Markets
163

 
38

 
201

 
163

 
38

 
201

Corporate and Other

 
9

 
9

 

 
9

 
9

Gross carrying amount
$
1,645

 
$
343

 
$
1,988

 
$
1,645

 
$
343

 
$
1,988

Accumulated amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Semiconductor Systems
$
(1,292
)
 
$
(140
)
 
$
(1,432
)
 
$
(1,210
)
 
$
(131
)
 
$
(1,341
)
Applied Global Services
(29
)
 
(44
)
 
(73
)
 
(28
)
 
(44
)
 
(72
)
Display and Adjacent Markets
(125
)
 
(36
)
 
(161
)
 
(119
)
 
(35
)
 
(154
)
Corporate and Other

 
(9
)
 
(9
)
 

 
(9
)
 
(9
)
Accumulated amortization
$
(1,446
)
 
$
(229
)
 
$
(1,675
)
 
$
(1,357
)
 
$
(219
)
 
$
(1,576
)
Carrying amount
$
199

 
$
114

 
$
313

 
$
288

 
$
124

 
$
412

Details of amortization expense by segment were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Semiconductor Systems
$
45

 
$
45

 
$
91

 
$
92

Applied Global Services
1

 
1

 
1

 
1

Display and Adjacent Markets
3

 

 
7

 
1

Total
$
49

 
$
46

 
$
99

 
$
94


22

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Amortization expense was charged to the following categories:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
April 29,
2018
 
April 30,
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cost of products sold
$
45

 
$
42

 
$
90

 
$
84

Research, development and engineering

 

 

 
1

Marketing and selling
4

 
4

 
9

 
9

Total
$
49

 
$
46

 
$
99

 
$
94

As of April 29, 2018, future estimated amortization expense is expected to be as follows: 
 
Amortization
Expense
 
(In millions)
2018 (remaining 6 months)
$
99

2019
57

2020
52

2021
40

2022
65

Total
$
313



23

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 9
Borrowing Facilities and Debt
Applied has credit facilities for unsecured borrowings in various currencies of up to $1.6 billion, of which $1.5 billion is comprised of a committed revolving credit agreement with a group of banks that is scheduled to expire in September 2021. This agreement provides for borrowings in United States dollars at interest rates keyed to one of various benchmark rates selected by Applied for each advance, plus a margin based on Applied’s public debt rating and includes financial and other covenants. Remaining credit facilities in the amount of approximately $73 million are with Japanese banks. Applied’s ability to borrow under these facilities is subject to bank approval at the time of the borrowing request, and any advances will be at rates indexed to the banks’ prime reference rate denominated in Japanese yen. No amounts were outstanding under any of these facilities as of both April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017, and Applied has not utilized these credit facilities. In fiscal 2011, Applied established a short-term commercial paper program of up to $1.5 billion. As of April 29, 2018, Applied did not have any commercial paper outstanding.
Debt outstanding as of April 29, 2018 and October 29, 2017 was as follows:
 
 
Principal Amount
 
 
 
 
 
April 29,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
Interest
Pay Dates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.625% Senior Notes Due 2020
$
600

 
$
600

 
2.640%
 
April 1, October 1
4.300% Senior Notes Due 2021
750

 
750

 
4.326%
 
June 15, December 15
3.900% Senior Notes Due 2025
700

 
700

 
3.944%
 
April 1, October 1
3.300% Senior Notes Due 2027
1,200

 
1,200

 
3.342%
 
April 1, October 1
5.100% Senior Notes Due 2035
500

 
500

 
5.127%
 
April 1, October 1
5.850% Senior Notes Due 2041
600

 
600

 
5.879%
 
June 15, December 15
4.350% Senior Notes Due 2047
1,000

 
1,000

 
4.361%
 
April 1, October 1
 
5,350

 
5,350

 
 
 
 
Total unamortized discount
(12
)
 
(12
)
 
 
 
 
Total unamortized debt issuance costs 
(32
)
 
(34
)
 
 
 
 
Total long-term debt
5,306

 
5,304

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total debt
$
5,306

 
$
5,304

 
 
 
 


24

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 10
Stockholders’ Equity, Comprehensive Income and Share-Based Compensation
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Changes in the components of AOCI, net of tax, were as follows:
 
 
Unrealized Gain on Investments, Net
 
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Derivative Instruments Qualifying as Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
Balance as of October 29, 2017
$
53

 
$
(11
)
 
$
(120
)
 
$
14

 
$
(64
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
(3
)
 
(13
)
 

 

 
(16
)
Amounts reclassified out of AOCI
2

 
2

 
(2
)
 

 
2

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(1
)
 
(11
)
 
(2
)
 

 
(14
)
Balance as of April 29, 2018
$
52

 
$
(22
)
 
$
(122
)
 
$
14

 
$
(78
)

 
Unrealized Gain on Investments, Net
 
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Derivative Instruments Qualifying as Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
Balance as of October 30, 2016
$
30

 
$
(18
)
 
$
(141
)
 
$
14

 
$
(115
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
14

 
3

 

 

 
17

Amounts reclassified out of AOCI
1

 
(3
)
 
(10
)
 

 
(12
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax