10-Q 1 amat51201610-qq22016.htm FORM 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)

þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended May 1, 2016
or

¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                    to                    
Commission File Number 000-06920
Applied Materials, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
94-1655526
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
3050 Bowers Avenue,
95052-8039
P.O. Box 58039
Santa Clara, California
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(408) 727-5555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨        No  þ
Number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock as of May 1, 2016: 1,089,143,904




APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MAY 1, 2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1:    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2:    
Item 3:    
Item 4:    
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1:    
Item 1A:
Item 2:    
Item 6:    
 
    




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Net sales
$
2,450

 
$
2,442

 
$
4,707

 
$
4,801

Cost of products sold
1,446

 
1,426

 
2,787

 
2,826

Gross profit
1,004

 
1,016

 
1,920

 
1,975

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research, development and engineering
386

 
365

 
760

 
716

Marketing and selling
102

 
109

 
208

 
220

General and administrative
91

 
140

 
173

 
257

Gain on derivatives associated with terminated business combination

 
(14
)
 

 
(92
)
Total operating expenses
579

 
600

 
1,141

 
1,101

Income from operations
425

 
416

 
779

 
874

Interest expense
37

 
24

 
79

 
47

Interest and other income (loss), net
7

 
(3
)
 
9

 
(1
)
Income before income taxes
395

 
389

 
709

 
826

Provision for income taxes
75

 
25

 
103

 
114

Net income
$
320

 
$
364

 
$
606

 
$
712

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.29

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.54

 
$
0.58

Diluted
$
0.29

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.53

 
$
0.57

Weighted average number of shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
1,113

 
1,230

 
1,130

 
1,227

Diluted
1,119

 
1,241

 
1,137

 
1,241

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

3



APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Net income
$
320

 
$
364

 
$
606

 
$
712

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized net gain on investments
3

 
(3
)
 
4

 
(4
)
Change in unrealized net loss on derivative instruments
(4
)
 
(1
)
 
(7
)
 

Change in defined and postretirement benefit plans

 
(43
)
 

 
(43
)
Change in cumulative translation adjustments

 
(1
)
 

 
(2
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(1
)
 
(48
)
 
(3
)
 
(49
)
Comprehensive income
$
319

 
$
316

 
$
603

 
$
663

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.



4


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2,470

 
$
4,797

Short-term investments
170

 
168

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $48 at May 1, 2016 and $49 at October 25, 2015
1,913

 
1,739

Inventories
1,924

 
1,833

Other current assets
251

 
724

Total current assets
6,728

 
9,261

Long-term investments
934

 
946

Property, plant and equipment, net
904

 
892

Goodwill
3,304

 
3,302

Purchased technology and other intangible assets, net
668

 
762

Deferred income taxes and other assets
537

 
145

Total assets
$
13,075

 
$
15,308

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$

 
$
1,200

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,630

 
1,833

Customer deposits and deferred revenue
981

 
765

Total current liabilities
2,611

 
3,798

Long-term debt
3,343

 
3,342

Other liabilities
556

 
555

Total liabilities
6,510

 
7,695

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock
11

 
11

Additional paid-in capital
6,669

 
6,575

Retained earnings
14,353

 
13,967

Treasury stock
(14,373
)
 
(12,848
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(95
)
 
(92
)
Total stockholders’ equity
6,565

 
7,613

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
13,075

 
$
15,308

Amounts as of May 1, 2016 are unaudited. Amounts as of October 25, 2015 are derived from the October 25, 2015 audited consolidated financial statements.
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

5


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In millions)
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Six Months Ended May 1, 2016
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Balance at October 25, 2015
1,160

 
$
11

 
$
6,575

 
$
13,967

 
793

 
$
(12,848
)
 
$
(92
)
 
$
7,613

Net income

 

 

 
606

 

 

 

 
606

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 
(3
)
 
(3
)
Dividends

 

 

 
(220
)
 

 

 

 
(220
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
102

 

 

 

 

 
102

Issuance under stock plans, net of a tax benefit of $13 and other
10

 

 
(8
)
 

 

 

 

 
(8
)
Common stock repurchases
(81
)
 

 

 

 
81

 
(1,525
)
 

 
(1,525
)
Balance at May 1, 2016
1,089

 
$
11

 
$
6,669

 
$
14,353

 
874

 
$
(14,373
)
 
$
(95
)
 
$
6,565

 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Six Months Ended April 26, 2015
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Balance at October 26, 2014
1,221

 
$
12

 
$
6,384

 
$
13,072

 
717

 
$
(11,524
)
 
$
(76
)
 
$
7,868

Net income

 

 

 
712

 

 

 

 
712

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 
(49
)
 
(49
)
Dividends

 

 

 
(246
)
 

 

 

 
(246
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
95

 

 

 

 

 
95

Issuance under stock plans, net of a tax benefit of $51 and other
11

 

 
(29
)
 

 

 

 

 
(29
)
Balance at April 26, 2015
1,232

 
$
12

 
$
6,450

 
$
13,538

 
717

 
$
(11,524
)
 
$
(125
)
 
$
8,351


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.



6


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
606

 
$
712

Adjustments required to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
192

 
182

Share-based compensation
102

 
95

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
(13
)
 
(51
)
Deferred income taxes
(7
)
 
7

Other
15

 
21

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(175
)
 
(128
)
Inventories
(92
)
 
(146
)
Other current and non-current assets
54

 
(147
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(255
)
 
(95
)
Customer deposits and deferred revenue
216

 
(66
)
Income taxes payable
44

 
(44
)
Other liabilities
1

 
18

Cash provided by operating activities
688

 
358

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(115
)
 
(113
)
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(8
)
 

Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
473

 
317

Purchases of investments
(464
)
 
(344
)
Cash used in investing activities
(114
)
 
(140
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Debt repayments
(1,205
)
 

Proceeds from common stock issuances
44

 
42

Common stock repurchases
(1,525
)
 

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
13

 
51

Payments of dividends to stockholders
(228
)
 
(245
)
Cash used in financing activities
(2,901
)
 
(152
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 
(1
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(2,327
)
 
65

Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
4,797

 
3,002

Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
$
2,470

 
$
3,067

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash payments for income taxes
$
95

 
$
207

Cash refunds from income taxes
$
103

 
$
5

Cash payments for interest
$
76

 
$
46


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

7


APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1    Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements of Applied Materials, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Applied or the Company) included herein have been prepared on a basis consistent with the October 25, 2015 audited consolidated financial statements and include all material adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the information set forth therein. These unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Applied’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 25, 2015 (2015 Form 10-K). Applied’s results of operations for the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of future operating results. Applied’s fiscal year ends on the last Sunday in October of each year. Fiscal 2016 and 2015 contain 53 weeks and 52 weeks, respectively, and the first half of fiscal 2016 and 2015 contained 27 weeks and 26 weeks, respectively.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, Applied evaluates its estimates, including those related to accounts receivable and sales allowances, fair values of financial instruments, inventories, intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, fair values of share-based awards, and income taxes, among others. Applied bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities.
Revenue Recognition
Applied recognizes revenue when all four revenue recognition criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; seller’s price to buyer is fixed or determinable; and collectability is probable. Applied’s shipping terms are customarily FOB Applied shipping point or equivalent terms. Applied’s revenue recognition policy generally results in revenue recognition at the following points: (1) for all transactions where legal title passes to the customer upon shipment or delivery, Applied recognizes revenue upon passage of title for all products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment; the portion of revenue associated with certain installation-related tasks is deferred, and that revenue is recognized upon completion of the installation-related tasks; (2) for products that have not been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment, revenue is recognized at customer technical acceptance; (3) for transactions where legal title does not pass at shipment or delivery, revenue is recognized when legal title passes to the customer, which is generally at customer technical acceptance; and (4) for arrangements containing multiple elements, the revenue relating to the undelivered elements is deferred using the relative selling price method utilizing estimated sales prices until delivery of the deferred elements. Applied limits the amount of revenue recognition for delivered elements to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of products or services, future performance obligations or subject to customer-specified return or adjustment. In cases where Applied has sold products that have been demonstrated to meet product specifications prior to shipment, Applied believes that at the time of delivery, it has an enforceable claim to amounts recognized as revenue. Spare parts revenue is generally recognized upon shipment, and services revenue is generally recognized over the period that the services are provided.
When a sales arrangement contains multiple elements, such as hardware and services and/or software products, Applied allocates revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy. The selling price for a deliverable is based on its vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) if available, third party evidence (TPE) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Applied generally utilizes the ESP due to the nature of its products. In multiple element arrangements where more-than-incidental software deliverables are included, revenue is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the non-software deliverables, and to the software deliverables as a group, using the relative selling prices of each of the deliverables in the arrangement based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. If the arrangement contains more than one software deliverable, the arrangement consideration allocated to the software deliverables as a group is then allocated to each software deliverable using the guidance for recognizing software revenue.

8

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued authoritative guidance that simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, forfeitures, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied's consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance for lease accounting, which requires lessees to recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for certain lease arrangements that are classified as operating leases under the previous standard, and to provide for enhanced disclosures. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 and should be applied using a modified retrospective approach. Early adoption is permitted. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied's consolidated financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires equity investments that do not result in consolidation, and are not accounted for under the equity method, to be measured at fair value, and requires recognition of any changes in fair value in net income unless the investments qualify for a new practicability exception. For financial liabilities measured at fair value, the change in fair value caused by a change in instrument-specific credit risk will be required to be presented separately in other comprehensive income. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Early adoption is permitted only for the provisions related to the recognition of changes in fair value of financial liabilities caused by instrument-specific credit risk. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied's consolidated financial statements.
In November 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance requiring all deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any related valuation allowance, to be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet. Applied elected to prospectively adopt the authoritative guidance in the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2016. Prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted.
In July 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value instead of at lower of cost or market. This guidance does not apply to inventory that is measured using last-in, first out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method but applies to all other inventory including those measured using first-in, first-out (FIFO) or the average cost method. The authoritative guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and should be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied's consolidated financial statements.
In May 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to remove the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy all investments for which fair value is measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient. The new guidance also removes the requirement of certain disclosures for all  investments that are eligible to be measured at fair value using the net asset value per share practical expedient. The guidance becomes effective retrospectively for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance will only impact disclosures in Applied's financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance for customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. This guidance will not change accounting for service contracts. Applied will adopt this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 prospectively to all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on Applied's consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The authoritative guidance is effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and should be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on Applied's consolidated financial statements.

9

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



In May 2014, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires revenue recognition to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This new standard will supersede most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Entities will have the option of using either a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach to adopting the guidance. Under the modified approach, an entity would recognize the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance with an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. In addition, the modified approach will require additional disclosures. In August 2015, the FASB issued an amendment to defer the effective date by one year and allow entities to early adopt no earlier than the original effective date. With this amendment, the guidance will be effective for Applied in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Subsequent to the amendment, the FASB issued additional clarifying implementation guidance. Applied is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on Applied's financial position, results of operations and its ongoing financial reporting, including the selection of a transition method.


Note 2
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares and potential common shares (representing the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchase plan shares) outstanding during the period. Applied's net income has not been adjusted for any period presented for purposes of computing basic or diluted earnings per share due to the Company's non-complex capital structure.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
320

 
$
364

 
$
606

 
$
712

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
1,113

 
1,230

 
1,130

 
1,227

Effect of dilutive stock options, restricted stock units and employee stock purchase plan shares
6

 
11

 
7

 
14

Denominator for diluted earnings per share
1,119

 
1,241

 
1,137

 
1,241

Basic earnings per share
$
0.29

 
$
0.30

 
$
0.54

 
$
0.58

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.29

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.53

 
$
0.57

Potentially dilutive securities
5

 
1

 
6

 
1


Potentially dilutive securities attributable to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the combined exercise price, average unamortized fair value and assumed tax benefits upon the exercise of options and the vesting of restricted stock units were greater than the average market price of Applied common stock, and therefore their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.


10

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 3
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
Summary of Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
The following tables summarize Applied’s cash, cash equivalents and investments by security type:
 
May 1, 2016
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash
$
1,313

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,313

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
1,111

 

 

 
1,111

Municipal securities
18

 

 

 
18

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
28

 

 

 
28

Total Cash equivalents
1,157

 

 

 
1,157

Total Cash and Cash equivalents
$
2,470

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,470

Short-term and long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$
81

 
$

 
$

 
$
81

Non-U.S. government securities*
9

 

 

 
9

Municipal securities
389

 
2

 

 
391

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
234

 
1

 

 
235

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities
276

 

 
1

 
275

Total fixed income securities
989

 
3

 
1

 
991

Publicly traded equity securities
33

 
25

 
3

 
55

Equity investments in privately-held companies
58

 

 

 
58

Total short-term and long-term investments
$
1,080

 
$
28

 
$
4

 
$
1,104

Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
$
3,550

 
$
28

 
$
4

 
$
3,574

 _________________________
* Includes agency debt securities guaranteed by non-U.S. governments, which consist of Canada and Germany.


11

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



October 25, 2015
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cash
$
1,010

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,010

Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
3,272

 

 

 
3,272

Non-U.S. government securities
60

 

 

 
60

Municipal securities
73

 

 

 
73

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
382

 

 

 
382

Total Cash equivalents
3,787

 

 

 
3,787

Total Cash and Cash equivalents
$
4,797

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,797

Short-term and long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and agency securities
$
84

 
$

 
$

 
$
84

Non-U.S. government securities
9

 

 

 
9

Municipal securities
384

 
2

 

 
386

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes
250

 

 

 
250

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities
262

 

 

 
262

Total fixed income securities
989

 
2

 

 
991

Publicly traded equity securities
28

 
17

 

 
45

Equity investments in privately-held companies
78

 

 

 
78

Total short-term and long-term investments
$
1,095

 
$
19

 
$

 
$
1,114

Total Cash, Cash equivalents and Investments
$
5,892

 
$
19

 
$

 
$
5,911


 Maturities of Investments
The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of Applied’s investments at May 1, 2016:
 
 
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair  Value
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Due in one year or less
$
152

 
$
152

Due after one through five years
561

 
563

No single maturity date**
367

 
389

 
$
1,080

 
$
1,104

 _________________________
** Securities with no single maturity date include publicly-traded and privately-held equity securities, and asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities.
 


12

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Gains and Losses on Investments
During the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 and April 26, 2015, gross realized gains and losses on investments were not material.
At May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015, gross unrealized losses related to Applied's investment portfolio were not material. Applied regularly reviews its investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether an unrealized loss is considered to be temporary, or other-than-temporary and therefore impaired, include: the length of time and extent to which fair value has been lower than the cost basis; the financial condition, credit quality and near-term prospects of the investee; and whether it is more likely than not that Applied will be required to sell the security prior to recovery. Generally, the contractual terms of investments in marketable securities do not permit settlement at prices less than the amortized cost of the investments. Applied determined that the gross unrealized losses on its marketable securities at May 1, 2016 and April 26, 2015 were temporary in nature and therefore it did not recognize any impairment of its marketable securities during the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 or April 26, 2015. Impairment charges on equity investments in privately-held companies during the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 and April 26, 2015 were not material. These impairment charges are included in interest and other income, net in the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations.
Unrealized gains and temporary losses on investments classified as available-for-sale are included within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of any related tax effect. Upon realization, those amounts are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to results of operations.


Note 4
Fair Value Measurements
Applied’s financial assets are measured and recorded at fair value, except for equity investments in privately-held companies. These equity investments are generally accounted for under the cost method of accounting and are periodically assessed for other-than-temporary impairment when events or circumstances indicate that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred. Applied’s nonfinancial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment, are recorded at cost and are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred.
Fair Value Hierarchy
Applied uses the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement:
 
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Applied’s investments consist primarily of debt securities that are classified as available-for-sale and recorded at their fair values. In determining the fair value of investments, Applied uses pricing information from pricing services that value securities based on quoted market prices and models that utilize observable market inputs. In the event a fair value estimate is unavailable from a pricing service, Applied generally obtains non-binding price quotes from brokers. Applied then reviews the information provided by the pricing services or brokers to determine the fair value of its short-term and long-term investments. In addition, to validate pricing information obtained from pricing services, Applied periodically performs supplemental analysis on a sample of securities. Applied reviews any significant unanticipated differences identified through this analysis to determine the appropriate fair value.
Investments with remaining effective maturities of 12 months or less from the balance sheet date are classified as short-term investments. Investments with remaining effective maturities of more than 12 months from the balance sheet date are classified as long-term investments. As of May 1, 2016, substantially all of Applied’s available-for-sale, short-term and long-term investments were recognized at fair value that was determined based upon observable inputs.


13

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Financial assets (excluding cash balances) measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:
 
 
May 1, 2016
 
October 25, 2015
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
$
1,111

 
$

 
$
1,111

 
$
3,272

 
$

 
$
3,272

U.S. Treasury and agency securities
61

 
20

 
81

 
72

 
12

 
84

Non-U.S. government securities

 
9

 
9

 

 
69

 
69

Municipal securities

 
409

 
409

 

 
459

 
459

Commercial paper, corporate bonds and medium-term notes

 
263

 
263

 

 
632

 
632

Asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities

 
275

 
275

 

 
262

 
262

Publicly traded equity securities
55

 

 
55

 
45

 

 
45

Total
$
1,227

 
$
976

 
$
2,203

 
$
3,389

 
$
1,434

 
$
4,823

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 or April 26, 2015. Applied did not have any financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements as of May 1, 2016 or October 25, 2015.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis
Equity investments in privately-held companies are generally accounted for under the cost method of accounting and are periodically assessed for other-than-temporary impairment when an event or circumstance indicates that an other-than-temporary decline in value may have occurred. If Applied determines that an other-than-temporary impairment has occurred, the investment will be written down to its estimated fair value based on available information, such as pricing in recent rounds of financing, current cash positions, earnings and cash flow forecasts, recent operational performance and any other readily available market data. At May 1, 2016, equity investments in privately-held companies totaled $58 million, of which $51 million of investments were accounted for under the cost method of accounting and $7 million of investments had been measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements due to an other-than-temporary decline in value. At October 25, 2015, equity investments in privately-held companies totaled $78 million, of which $70 million of investments were accounted for under the cost method of accounting and $8 million of investments had been measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis within Level 3 fair value measurements due to an other-than-temporary decline in value. Impairment charges on equity investments in privately-held companies during the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 and April 26, 2015 were not material.
Other
The carrying amounts of Applied’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, notes payable - short term, and accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate fair value due to their short maturities. At May 1, 2016, the carrying amount of long-term debt was $3.3 billion and the estimated fair value was $3.7 billion. At October 25, 2015, the carrying amount of long-term debt was $3.3 billion and the estimated fair value was $3.5 billion. The estimated fair value of long-term debt is determined by Level 2 inputs and is based primarily on quoted market prices for the same or similar issues. See Note 8 of the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements for further detail of existing debt.

14

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 5
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Derivative Financial Instruments
Applied conducts business in a number of foreign countries, with certain transactions denominated in local currencies, such as the Japanese yen, euro, Israeli shekel and Taiwanese dollar. Applied uses derivative financial instruments, such as forward exchange contracts and currency option contracts, to hedge certain forecasted foreign currency denominated transactions expected to occur typically within the next 24 months. The purpose of Applied’s foreign currency management is to mitigate the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on certain foreign currency denominated revenues, costs and eventual cash flows. The terms of currency instruments used for hedging purposes are generally consistent with the timing of the transactions being hedged.
During fiscal 2015, Applied entered into and settled a series of forward-starting interest rate swap agreements, with a total notional amount of $600 million to hedge against the variability of cash flows due to changes in the benchmark interest rate of fixed rate debt. These instruments were designated as cash flow hedges at inception and settled in conjunction with the issuance of debt in September 2015. The loss from the settlement of the interest rate swap agreement that was included in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) in stockholders' equity is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the senior unsecured 10-year notes issued in September 2015.
Applied does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Derivative instruments and hedging activities, including foreign currency exchange contracts and interest rate swap agreements, are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge treatment, as well as the ineffective portion of any hedges, are recognized currently in earnings. All of Applied’s derivative financial instruments are recorded at their fair value in other current assets or in accounts payable and accrued expenses.
 
Hedges related to anticipated transactions are designated and documented at the inception of the hedge as cash flow hedges and foreign exchange derivatives are typically entered into once per month. Cash flow hedges are evaluated for effectiveness quarterly. The effective portion of the gain or loss on these hedges is reported as a component of AOCI in stockholders’ equity and is reclassified into earnings when the hedged transaction affects earnings. The majority of the after-tax net income or loss related to foreign exchange derivative instruments included in AOCI at May 1, 2016 is expected to be reclassified into earnings within 12 months. Changes in the fair value of currency forward exchange and option contracts due to changes in time value are excluded from the assessment of effectiveness. Both ineffective hedge amounts and hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in earnings. If the transaction being hedged is no longer probable to occur, or if a portion of any derivative is deemed to be ineffective, Applied promptly recognizes the gain or loss on the associated financial instrument in earnings. The amount recognized due to discontinuance of cash flow hedges that were probable not to occur by the end of the originally specified time period was not significant for the three and six months ended May 1, 2016 and April 26, 2015.
Additionally, forward exchange contracts are generally used to hedge certain foreign currency denominated assets or liabilities. These derivatives are typically entered into once per month and are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of these hedges are recorded in earnings to offset the changes in the fair value of the assets or liabilities being hedged.
In September 2013, Applied purchased foreign exchange option contracts to limit its foreign exchange risk associated with the then-anticipated business combination with Tokyo Electron Limited (TEL). These derivatives did not qualify for hedge accounting treatment and were marked to market at the end of each reporting period with gains and losses recorded as part of operating expenses. During the three and six months ended April 26, 2015, Applied recorded an unrealized gain of $14 million and $92 million, respectively, related to these contracts. The cash flow impact of these derivatives has been classified as operating cash flows in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows. Due to the termination of the then-anticipated business combination with TEL on April 26, 2015, these foreign exchange option contracts were sold during the third quarter of fiscal 2015.
The fair values of other foreign exchange derivative instruments at May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015 were not material.



15

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



The effects of derivative instruments and hedging activities on the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations were as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
May 1, 2016
 
April 26, 2015
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Location of Gain or
(Loss) Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
Recognized
in AOCI
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
Recognized
in AOCI
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
Cost of products sold
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(9
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
5

 
$
(1
)
Foreign exchange contracts
General and administrative
 

 

 

 

 
(4
)
 
(1
)
Interest rate swaps
Interest expense
 

 

 

 

 

 

Total
 
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(9
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
1

 
$
(2
)

 
 
 
Six Months Ended
May 1, 2016
 
April 26, 2015
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing
 
Location of Gain or
(Loss) Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
Recognized
in AOCI
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
Gain or
(Loss)
Recognized
in AOCI
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
Cost of products sold
 
$
(23
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$

 
$
5

 
$
13

 
$
(2
)
Foreign exchange contracts
General and administrative
 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(8
)
 
(1
)
Interest rate swaps
Interest expense
 

 
(1
)
 

 

 

 

Total
 
 
$
(23
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
(1
)
 
$
5

 
$
5

 
$
(3
)




16

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



 
 
 
Amount of Gain or (Loss) 
Recognized in Income
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
Location of Gain or
(Loss) Recognized
in Income
 
May 1, 2016
 
April 26, 2015
 
May 1, 2016
 
April 26, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
Gain on derivatives associated with terminated business combination
 
$

 
$
14

 
$

 
$
92

Foreign exchange contracts
General and
administrative
 
(32
)
 
(1
)
 
(36
)
 
20

Total
 
 
$
(32
)
 
$
13

 
$
(36
)
 
$
112

 
Credit Risk Contingent Features
If Applied’s credit rating were to fall below investment grade, it would be in violation of credit risk contingent provisions of the derivative instruments discussed above, and certain counterparties to the derivative instruments could request immediate payment on derivative instruments in net liability positions. The aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk related contingent features that were in a net liability position was immaterial as of May 1, 2016.
Entering into derivative contracts with banks exposes Applied to credit-related losses in the event of the banks’ nonperformance. However, Applied’s exposure is not considered significant.


17

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 6
Balance Sheet Detail
 
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Inventories
 
 
 
Customer service spares
$
412

 
$
382

Raw materials
475

 
461

Work-in-process
337

 
271

Finished goods
700

 
719

 
$
1,924

 
$
1,833

 
Included in finished goods inventory are $131 million at May 1, 2016, and $155 million at October 25, 2015, of newly-introduced systems at customer locations where the sales transaction did not meet Applied’s revenue recognition criteria as set forth in Note 1. Finished goods inventory includes $189 million and $185 million of evaluation inventory at May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015, respectively.

 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Other Current Assets
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes, net1
$

 
$
403

Prepaid income taxes and income taxes receivable
72

 
127

Prepaid expenses and other
179

 
194

 
$
251

 
$
724

 
1 May 1, 2016 balance reflects the effects of the prospective adoption of the authoritative guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2016, which required all deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any related valuation allowance to be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet.
 
Useful Life
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In years)
 
(In millions)
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
 
 
 
Land and improvements
 
 
$
157

 
$
157

Buildings and improvements
3-30
 
1,249

 
1,247

Demonstration and manufacturing equipment
3-5
 
986

 
920

Furniture, fixtures and other equipment
3-15
 
567

 
574

Construction in progress
 
 
53

 
48

Gross property, plant and equipment
 
 
3,012

 
2,946

Accumulated depreciation
 
 
(2,108
)
 
(2,054
)
 
 
 
$
904

 
$
892



18

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
644

 
$
658

Compensation and employee benefits
361

 
509

Warranty
121

 
126

Dividends payable
109

 
116

Income taxes payable
46

 
60

Other accrued taxes
43

 
58

Interest payable
31

 
36

Other
275

 
270

 
$
1,630

 
$
1,833

 
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Customer Deposits and Deferred Revenue
 
 
 
Customer deposits
$
306

 
$
132

Deferred revenue
675

 
633

 
$
981

 
$
765

 
Applied typically receives deposits on future deliverables from customers in the Display and Energy and Environmental Solutions segments. In certain instances, customer deposits may be received from customers in the Applied Global Services segment.
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Other Liabilities
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes
$
14

 
$
56

Income taxes payable
272

 
227

Defined and postretirement benefit plans
188

 
187

Other
82

 
85

 
$
556

 
$
555


19

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Note 7
Goodwill, Purchased Technology and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets
Applied’s methodology for allocating the purchase price relating to purchase acquisitions is determined through established and generally accepted valuation techniques. Goodwill is measured as the excess of the purchase price over the sum of the amounts assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired less liabilities assumed. Applied assigns assets acquired (including goodwill) and liabilities assumed to one or more reporting units as of the date of acquisition. Typically, acquisitions relate to a single reporting unit and thus do not require the allocation of goodwill to multiple reporting units. If the products obtained in an acquisition are assigned to multiple reporting units, the goodwill is distributed to the respective reporting units as part of the purchase price allocation process.
Goodwill and purchased intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The process of evaluating the potential impairment of goodwill and intangible assets requires significant judgment, especially in emerging markets. Applied regularly monitors current business conditions and considers other factors including, but not limited to, adverse industry or economic trends, restructuring actions and lower projections of profitability that may impact future operating results.
To test goodwill for impairment, Applied first performs a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. If it is concluded that this is the case, Applied then performs the two-step goodwill impairment test. Otherwise, the two-step goodwill impairment test is not required. Under the two-step goodwill impairment test, Applied would in the first step compare the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. Applied determines the fair value of each of its reporting units based on a weighting of income and market approaches. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, Applied would then perform the second step of the impairment test in order to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. If Applied determines that the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, Applied would record an impairment charge equal to the difference.
As of May 1, 2016, Applied's reporting units include Transistor and Interconnect Group, Patterning and Packaging Group, and Imaging and Process Control Group, which combine to form the Silicon Systems reporting segment, Applied Global Services, Display and Energy and Environmental Solutions.
The evaluation of goodwill and intangible assets for impairment requires the exercise of significant judgment. In the event of future changes in business conditions, Applied will be required to reassess and update its forecasts and estimates used in future impairment analyses. If the results of these future analyses are lower than current estimates, a material impairment charge may result at that time.
Details of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets as of May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015 were as follows:
 
 
May 1, 2016
 
October 25, 2015
 
Goodwill
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
Goodwill
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Silicon Systems
$
2,151

 
$

 
$
2,151

 
$
2,151

 
$

 
$
2,151

Applied Global Services
1,029

 
5

 
1,034

 
1,027

 
5

 
1,032

Display
124

 
18

 
142

 
124

 
18

 
142

Energy and Environmental Solutions

 
2

 
2

 

 
2

 
2

Carrying amount
$
3,304

 
$
25

 
$
3,329

 
$
3,302

 
$
25

 
$
3,327

From time to time, Applied makes acquisitions of and investments in companies related to existing or new markets for Applied.
Other intangible assets that are not subject to amortization consist primarily of in-process technology, which will be subject to amortization upon commercialization. The fair value assigned to in-process technology was determined using the income approach taking into account estimates and judgments regarding risks inherent in the development process, including the likelihood of achieving technological success and market acceptance. If an in-process technology project is abandoned, the acquired technology attributable to the project will be written-off.

20

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



A summary of Applied's purchased technology and intangible assets is set forth below:
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Purchased technology, net
$
491

 
$
575

Intangible assets - finite-lived, net
152

 
162

Intangible assets - indefinite-lived
25

 
25

Total
$
668

 
$
762


Finite-Lived Purchased Intangible Assets
Applied amortizes purchased intangible assets with finite lives using the straight-line method over the estimated economic lives of the assets, ranging from 1 to 15 years.
Applied evaluates long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset group may not be recoverable. Applied assesses the fair value of the assets based on the amount of the undiscounted future cash flow that the assets are expected to generate and recognizes an impairment loss when estimated undiscounted future cash flow expected to result from the use of the asset, plus net proceeds expected from disposition of the asset, if any, are less than the carrying value of the asset. When Applied identifies an impairment, Applied reduces the carrying value of the group of assets to comparable market values, when available and appropriate, or to its estimated fair value based on a discounted cash flow approach.
Intangible assets, such as purchased technology, are generally recorded in connection with a business acquisition. The value assigned to intangible assets is usually based on estimates and judgments regarding expectations for the success and life cycle of products and technology acquired. Applied evaluates the useful lives of its intangible assets each reporting period to determine whether events and circumstances require revising the remaining period of amortization. In addition, Applied reviews intangible assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate their carrying value may not be recoverable. Management considers such indicators as significant differences in actual product acceptance from the estimates, changes in the competitive and economic environments, technological advances, and changes in cost structure.
 
Details of finite-lived intangible assets were as follows:
 
 
May 1, 2016
 
October 25, 2015
 
Purchased
Technology
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
Purchased
Technology
 
Other
Intangible
Assets
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Gross carrying amount:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Silicon Systems
$
1,449

 
$
252

 
$
1,701

 
$
1,449

 
$
252

 
$
1,701

Applied Global Services
28

 
44

 
72

 
28

 
44

 
72

Display
110

 
33

 
143

 
110

 
33

 
143

Energy and Environmental Solutions
4

 
12

 
16

 
4

 
12

 
16

Corporate
1

 

 
1

 

 

 

Gross carrying amount
$
1,592

 
$
341

 
$
1,933

 
$
1,591

 
$
341

 
$
1,932

Accumulated amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Silicon Systems
$
(960
)
 
$
(103
)
 
$
(1,063
)
 
$
(876
)
 
$
(95
)
 
$
(971
)
Applied Global Services
(27
)
 
(44
)
 
(71
)
 
(26
)
 
(44
)
 
(70
)
Display
(110
)
 
(33
)
 
(143
)
 
(110
)
 
(33
)
 
(143
)
Energy and Environmental Solutions
(4
)
 
(9
)
 
(13
)
 
(4
)
 
(7
)
 
(11
)
Accumulated amortization
$
(1,101
)
 
$
(189
)
 
$
(1,290
)
 
$
(1,016
)
 
$
(179
)
 
$
(1,195
)
Carrying amount
$
491

 
$
152

 
$
643

 
$
575

 
$
162

 
$
737


21

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)



Details of amortization expense by segment were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Silicon Systems
$
46

 
$
44

 
$
92

 
$
87

Applied Global Services

 

 
1

 
1

Display

 
1

 

 
2

Energy and Environmental Solutions
1

 
1

 
2

 
2

Total
$
47

 
$
46

 
$
95

 
$
92

Amortization expense was charged to the following categories:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
May 1,
2016
 
April 26,
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Cost of products sold
$
42

 
$
40

 
$
84

 
$
80

Research, development and engineering

 

 
1

 

Marketing and selling
5

 
5

 
10

 
10

General and administrative

 
1

 

 
2

Total
$
47

 
$
46

 
$
95

 
$
92

As of May 1, 2016, future estimated amortization expense is expected to be as follows:
 
 
Amortization
Expense
 
(In millions)
2016 (remaining 6 months)
$
94

2017
187

2018
185

2019
44

2020
39

Thereafter
94

Total
$
643



22

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)




Note 8
Borrowing Facilities and Debt
Applied has credit facilities for unsecured borrowings in various currencies of up to $1.6 billion, of which $1.5 billion is comprised of a committed revolving credit agreement with a group of banks that is scheduled to expire in September 2020. This agreement provides for borrowings in United States dollars at interest rates keyed to one of various benchmark rates selected by Applied for each advance, plus a margin based on Applied's public debt rating and includes financial and other covenants. Remaining credit facilities in the amount of approximately $72 million are with Japanese banks. Applied’s ability to borrow under these facilities is subject to bank approval at the time of the borrowing request, and any advances will be at rates indexed to the banks’ prime reference rate denominated in Japanese yen. No amounts were outstanding under any of these facilities at both May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015, and Applied has not utilized these credit facilities.
In September 2015, Applied issued senior unsecured notes in the aggregate principal amount of $1.8 billion and used a portion of the net proceeds to redeem $400 million in principal amount of its 2.650% senior notes due in 2016 at a redemption price of $405 million in November 2015. After adjusting for the carrying value of debt issuance costs and discounts, Applied recorded a $5 million loss on the prepayment of the $400 million debt, which is included in interest and other income, net in the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations for the first quarter of fiscal 2016.
In October 2015, a wholly-owned foreign subsidiary of Applied entered into a short-term loan agreement with multiple lenders, under which it borrowed $800 million to facilitate the return of capital to Applied. In January 2016, Applied repaid the $800 million aggregated principal amount of the loan.
Debt outstanding as of May 1, 2016 and October 25, 2015 was as follows:
 
 
Principal Amount
 
 
 
 
 
May 1,
2016
 
October 25,
2015
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
Interest
Pay Dates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.650% Senior Notes Due 2016
$

 
$
400

 
2.666%
 
June 15, December 15
Other debt

 
800

 
1.0% - 1.25%
 
 
Total short-term debt

 
1,200

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.125% Senior Notes Due 2017
200

 
200

 
7.190%
 
April 15, October 15
2.625% Senior Notes Due 2020
600

 
600

 
2.640%
 
April 1, October 1
4.300% Senior Notes Due 2021
750

 
750

 
4.326%
 
June 15, December 15
3.900% Senior Notes Due 2025
700

 
700

 
3.944%
 
April 1, October 1
5.100% Senior Notes Due 2035
500

 
500

 
5.127%
 
April 1, October 1
5.850% Senior Notes Due 2041
600

 
600

 
5.879%
 
June 15, December 15
 
3,350

 
3,350

 
 
 
 
Total unamortized discount
(7
)
 
(8
)
 
 
 
 
Total long-term debt
3,343

 
3,342

 
 
 
 
Total debt
$
3,343

 
$
4,542

 
 
 
 




23

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)




Note 9
Stockholders’ Equity, Comprehensive Income and Share-Based Compensation
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Changes in the components of AOCI, net of tax, were as follows:
 
 
Unrealized Gain on Investments, Net
 
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Derivative Instruments Qualifying as Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
Balance at October 25, 2015
$
14

 
$
(15
)
 
$
(105
)
 
$
14

 
$
(92
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
4

 
(14
)
 

 

 
(10
)
Amounts reclassified out of AOCI

 
7

 

 

 
7

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
4

 
(7
)
 

 

 
(3
)
Balance at May 1, 2016
$
18

 
$
(22
)
 
$
(105
)
 
$
14

 
$
(95
)

 
Unrealized Gain on Investments, Net