10-Q 1 mmm-20160331x10q.htm 10-Q mmm_Current_Folio_10Q

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

 

Commission file number:  1-3285

 

3M COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

DELAWARE

 

41-0417775

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

3M Center, St. Paul, Minnesota

 

55144

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(651) 733-1110

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer 

 

Accelerated filer 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer 

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No 

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

 

 

 

Class

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2016

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

 

606,514,530 shares

 

This document (excluding exhibits) contains 74 pages.

The table of contents is set forth on page 2.

The exhibit index begins on page 71.

 

 

 


 

      3M COMPANY

   Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

BEGINNING
PAGE

PART I 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1. 

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Index to Financial Statements:

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Income

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet

 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

Note 1. Significant Accounting Policies

 

Note 2. Acquisitions and Divestitures

12 

 

Note 3. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

13 

 

Note 4. Restructuring Actions

14 

 

Note 5. Supplemental Equity and Comprehensive Income Information

15 

 

Note 6. Income Taxes

18 

 

Note 7. Marketable Securities

19 

 

Note 8. Long-Term Debt and Short-Term Borrowings

20 

 

Note 9. Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans

21 

 

Note 10. Derivatives

23 

 

Note 11. Fair Value Measurements

29 

 

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies

33 

 

Note 13. Stock-Based Compensation

42 

 

Note 14. Business Segments

45 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

47 

 

 

 

ITEM 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

Index to Management’s Discussion and Analysis:

 

 

Overview

48 

 

Results of Operations

52 

 

Performance by Business Segment

56 

 

Financial Condition and Liquidity

61 

 

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

66 

 

 

 

ITEM 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

67 

 

 

 

ITEM 4. 

Controls and Procedures

67 

 

 

 

PART II 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

ITEM 1. 

Legal Proceedings

68 

 

 

 

ITEM 1A. 

Risk Factors

68 

 

 

 

ITEM 2. 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

70 

 

 

 

ITEM 3. 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

71 

 

 

 

ITEM 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

71 

 

 

 

ITEM 5. 

Other Information

71 

 

 

 

ITEM 6. 

Exhibits

71 

 

2


 

3M COMPANY

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2016

PART I.  Financial Information

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements.

 

3M Company and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statement of Income

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three months ended 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

(Millions, except per share amounts)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Net sales

 

$

7,409

 

$

7,578

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

 

3,678

 

 

3,821

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

1,493

 

 

1,564

 

Research, development and related expenses

 

 

450

 

 

463

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

5,621

 

 

5,848

 

Operating income

 

 

1,788

 

 

1,730

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense and income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

47

 

 

31

 

Interest income

 

 

(5)

 

 

(4)

 

Total interest expense — net

 

 

42

 

 

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

1,746

 

 

1,703

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

468

 

 

502

 

Net income including noncontrolling interest

 

$

1,278

 

$

1,201

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

 

3

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to 3M

 

$

1,275

 

$

1,199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average 3M common shares outstanding — basic

 

 

607.4

 

 

636.2

 

Earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders — basic

 

$

2.10

 

$

1.88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average 3M common shares outstanding — diluted

 

 

621.3

 

 

649.2

 

Earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders — diluted

 

$

2.05

 

$

1.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends paid per 3M common share

 

$

1.11

 

$

1.025

 

 

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

 

3


 

3M Company and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three months ended 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

(Millions)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Net income including noncontrolling interest

 

$

1,278

 

$

1,201

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative translation adjustment

 

 

138

 

 

(193)

 

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans adjustment

 

 

69

 

 

91

 

Debt and equity securities, unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Cash flow hedging instruments, unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

(110)

 

 

70

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

97

 

 

(32)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) including noncontrolling interest

 

 

1,375

 

 

1,169

 

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

 

(2)

 

 

(2)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to 3M

 

$

1,373

 

$

1,167

 

 

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

 

4


 

3M Company and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheet

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

March 31,

    

December 31,

 

(Dollars in millions, except per share amount)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,337

 

$

1,798

 

Marketable securities — current

 

 

176

 

 

118

 

Accounts receivable — net

 

 

4,485

 

 

4,154

 

Inventories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finished goods

 

 

1,699

 

 

1,655

 

Work in process

 

 

1,157

 

 

1,008

 

Raw materials and supplies

 

 

771

 

 

855

 

Total inventories

 

 

3,627

 

 

3,518

 

Other current assets

 

 

1,249

 

 

1,398

 

Total current assets

 

 

10,874

 

 

10,986

 

Marketable securities — non-current

 

 

15

 

 

9

 

Investments

 

 

115

 

 

117

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

23,564

 

 

23,098

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(14,950)

 

 

(14,583)

 

Property, plant and equipment — net

 

 

8,614

 

 

8,515

 

Goodwill

 

 

9,375

 

 

9,249

 

Intangible assets — net

 

 

2,551

 

 

2,601

 

Prepaid pension benefits

 

 

226

 

 

188

 

Other assets

 

 

1,212

 

 

1,053

 

Total assets

 

$

32,982

 

$

32,718

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt

 

$

2,212

 

$

2,044

 

Accounts payable

 

 

1,581

 

 

1,694

 

Accrued payroll

 

 

468

 

 

644

 

Accrued income taxes

 

 

590

 

 

332

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

2,327

 

 

2,404

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

7,178

 

 

7,118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

 

8,927

 

 

8,753

 

Pension and postretirement benefits

 

 

3,454

 

 

3,520

 

Other liabilities

 

 

1,649

 

 

1,580

 

Total liabilities

 

$

21,208

 

$

20,971

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3M Company shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock par value, $.01 par value, 944,033,056 shares issued

 

$

9

 

$

9

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

4,916

 

 

4,791

 

Retained earnings

 

 

36,785

 

 

36,575

 

Treasury stock, at cost: 337,518,526 shares at March 31, 2016; 334,702,932 shares at December 31, 2015

 

 

(23,716)

 

 

(23,308)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(6,261)

 

 

(6,359)

 

Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity

 

 

11,733

 

 

11,708

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

 

41

 

 

39

 

Total equity

 

$

11,774

 

$

11,747

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

32,982

 

$

32,718

 

 

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

5


 

3M Company and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three months ended 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

(Millions)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income including noncontrolling interest

 

$

1,278

 

$

1,201

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income including noncontrolling interest to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

356

 

 

339

 

Company pension and postretirement contributions

 

 

(56)

 

 

(91)

 

Company pension and postretirement expense

 

 

59

 

 

134

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

144

 

 

138

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(38)

 

 

44

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

(101)

 

Changes in assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(245)

 

 

(296)

 

Inventories

 

 

(37)

 

 

(131)

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(116)

 

 

56

 

Accrued income taxes (current and long-term)

 

 

334

 

 

100

 

Other — net

 

 

(419)

 

 

(313)

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

1,260

 

 

1,080

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment (PP&E)

 

 

(314)

 

 

(291)

 

Proceeds from sale of PP&E and other assets

 

 

18

 

 

4

 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

 

(4)

 

 

(150)

 

Purchases of marketable securities and investments

 

 

(225)

 

 

(191)

 

Proceeds from maturities and sale of marketable securities and investments

 

 

164

 

 

605

 

Proceeds from sale of businesses

 

 

56

 

 

19

 

Other investing

 

 

25

 

 

4

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(280)

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in short-term debt — net

 

 

138

 

 

(4)

 

Repayment of debt (maturities greater than 90 days)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Proceeds from debt (maturities greater than 90 days)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Purchases of treasury stock

 

 

(1,227)

 

 

(886)

 

Proceeds from issuance of treasury stock pursuant to stock option and benefit plans

 

 

357

 

 

309

 

Dividends paid to shareholders

 

 

(672)

 

 

(652)

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 

 —

 

 

101

 

Other — net

 

 

(22)

 

 

(22)

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(1,426)

 

 

(1,154)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(15)

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(461)

 

 

(106)

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

 

1,798

 

 

1,897

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

1,337

 

$

1,791

 

 

The accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of this statement.

6


 

3M Company and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1.  Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. These adjustments consist of normal, recurring items. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. The interim consolidated financial statements and notes are presented as permitted by the requirements for Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes included in its 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. As described in Note 14, effective in the first quarter of 2016, the Company made a product line reporting change involving two of its business segments. The Company has begun to report comparative results under this new structure with the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In the second quarter of 2016, the Company plans to update its business segment disclosures in its 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K via a Current Report on Form 8-K to reflect these changes.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

Local currencies generally are considered the functional currencies outside the United States. Assets and liabilities for operations in local-currency environments are translated at month-end exchange rates of the period reported. Income and expense items are translated at month-end exchange rates of each applicable month. Cumulative translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in shareholders’ equity.

 

Although local currencies are typically considered as the functional currencies outside the United States, under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 830, Foreign Currency Matters, the reporting currency of a foreign entity’s parent is assumed to be that entity’s functional currency when the economic environment of a foreign entity is highly inflationary—generally when its cumulative inflation is approximately 100 percent or more for the three years that precede the beginning of a reporting period. 3M has a subsidiary in Venezuela with operating income representing less than 1.0 percent of 3M’s consolidated operating income for 2015. Since January 1, 2010, the financial statements of the Venezuelan subsidiary have been remeasured as if its functional currency were that of its parent.

 

The Venezuelan government sets official rates of exchange and conditions precedent to purchase foreign currency at these rates with local currency. Such rates and conditions have been and continue to be subject to change. In January 2014, the Venezuelan government announced that the National Center for Foreign Commerce (CENCOEX), had assumed the role with respect to the continuation of the existing official exchange rate, significantly expanded the use of a second currency auction exchange mechanism called the Complementary System for Foreign Currency Acquirement (or SICAD1), and issued exchange regulations indicating the SICAD1 rate of exchange would be used for payments related to international investments. In late March 2014, the Venezuelan government launched a third foreign exchange mechanism, SICAD2, which it later replaced with another foreign currency exchange platform in February 2015 called the Marginal System of Foreign Currency (SIMADI). The SIMADI rate was described as being derived from daily private bidders and buyers exchanging offers through authorized agents. This rate is approved and published by the Venezuelan Central Bank. In March 2016, the Venezuelan government effected a replacement of its preferential CENCOEX rate with Tipo de Cambio Protegido (DIPRO), described as available largely for essential imports; eliminated its SICAD exchange mechanism; and replaced its SIMADI rate with Tipo de Cambio Complementario (DICOM), published by the Venezuelan Central Bank and described as fluctuating in rate based on supply and demand.

 

The financial statements of 3M’s Venezuelan subsidiary were remeasured utilizing the official CENCOEX (or its predecessor) rate into March 2014, the SICAD1 rate beginning in late March 2014, the SICAD2 rate beginning in June 2014, and the DICOM rate (or its SIMADI predecessor) beginning in February 2015. 3M’s uses of these rates were

7


 

based upon evaluation of a number of factors including, but not limited to, the exchange rate the Company’s Venezuelan subsidiary may legally use to convert currency, settle transactions or pay dividends; the probability of accessing and obtaining currency by use of a particular rate or mechanism; and the Company’s intent and ability to use a particular exchange mechanism. Other factors notwithstanding, remeasurement impacts of the changes in use of these exchange rates did not have material impacts on 3M’s consolidated results of operations or financial condition.

 

The Company continues to monitor circumstances relative to its Venezuelan subsidiary. Changes in applicable exchange rates or exchange mechanisms may continue in the future. These changes could impact the rate of exchange applicable to remeasure the Company’s net monetary assets (liabilities) denominated in Venezuelan Bolivars (VEF). As of March 31, 2016, the Company had a balance of net monetary assets denominated in VEF of less than 500 million VEF and the DIPRO and DICOM exchange rates were approximately 10 VEF and 260 VEF per U.S. dollar, respectively.

 

A need to deconsolidate the Company’s Venezuelan subsidiary’s operations may result from a lack of exchangeability of VEF-denominated cash coupled with an acute degradation in the ability to make key operational decisions due to government regulations in Venezuela. 3M monitors factors such as its ability to access various exchange mechanisms; the impact of government regulations on the Company’s ability to manage its Venezuelan subsidiary’s capital structure, purchasing, product pricing, and labor relations; and the current political and economic situation within Venezuela. Based upon such factors as of March 31, 2016, the Company continues to consolidate its Venezuelan subsidiary. As of March 31, 2016, the balance of intercompany receivables due from this subsidiary and its equity balance were not significant.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

The difference in the weighted average 3M shares outstanding for calculating basic and diluted earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders is a result of the dilution associated with the Company’s stock-based compensation plans. Certain options outstanding under these stock-based compensation plans were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders because they would not have had a dilutive effect (9.0 million average options for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 3.5 million average options for the three months ended March 31, 2015). The computations for basic and diluted earnings per share follow:

 

Earnings Per Share Computations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three months ended 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

(Amounts in millions, except per share amounts)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to 3M

 

$

1,275

 

$

1,199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for weighted average 3M common shares outstanding — basic

 

 

607.4

 

 

636.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dilution associated with the Company’s stock-based compensation plans

 

 

13.9

 

 

13.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for weighted average 3M common shares outstanding — diluted

 

 

621.3

 

 

649.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders — basic

 

$

2.10

 

$

1.88

 

Earnings per share attributable to 3M common shareholders — diluted

 

$

2.05

 

$

1.85

 

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and in August 2015 issued ASU No. 2015-14, which amended ASU No. 2014-09 as to effective date. The ASU, as amended, provides a single comprehensive model to be used in the accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The standard’s stated core principle is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of

8


 

promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve this core principle the ASU includes provisions within a five step model that includes identifying the contract with a customer, identifying the performance obligations in the contract, determining the transaction price, allocating the transaction price to the performance obligations, and recognizing revenue when (or as) an entity satisfies a performance obligation. The standard also specifies the accounting for some costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer and requires expanded disclosures about revenue recognition. The standard provides for either full retrospective adoption or a modified retrospective adoption by which it is applied only to the most current period presented. For 3M, the ASU, as amended, is effective January 1, 2018. The Company is currently assessing this standard’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which changes guidance related to both the variable interest entity (VIE) and voting interest entity (VOE) consolidation models. With respect to the VIE model, the standard changes, among other things, the identification of variable interests associated with fees paid to a decision maker or service provider, the VIE characteristics for a limited partner or similar entity, and the primary beneficiary determination. With respect to the VOE model, the ASU eliminates the presumption that a general partner controls a limited partnership or similar entity unless the presumption can otherwise be overcome. Under the new guidance, a general partner would largely not consolidate a partnership or similar entity under the VOE model. The Company adopted this ASU effective January 1, 2016. Because 3M did not have significant involvement with entities subject to consolidation considerations impacted by the VIE model changes or with limited partnerships potentially impacted by the VOE model changes, the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-05, Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Arrangement, which requires a customer to determine whether a cloud computing arrangement contains a software license. If the arrangement contains a software license, the customer would account for fees related to the software license element in a manner consistent with accounting for the acquisition of other acquired software licenses. If the arrangement does not contain a software license, the customer would account for the arrangement as a service contract. An arrangement would contain a software license element if both (1) the customer has the contractual right to take possession of the software at any time during the hosting period without significant penalty and (2) it is feasible for the customer to either run the software on its own hardware or contract with another party unrelated to the vendor to host the software. 3M adopted this ASU prospectively to arrangements entered into, or materially modified beginning January 1, 2016. The adoption did not have a material impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which modifies existing requirements regarding measuring inventory at the lower of cost or market. Under existing standards, the market amount requires consideration of replacement cost, net realizable value (NRV), and NRV less an approximately normal profit margin. The new ASU replaces market with NRV, defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This eliminates the need to determine and consider replacement cost or NRV less an approximately normal profit margin when measuring inventory. For 3M, this standard is effective prospectively beginning January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing this ASU’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which revises the accounting related to (1) the classification and measurement of investments in equity securities and (2) the presentation of certain fair value changes for financial liabilities measured at fair value. The ASU also amends certain disclosure requirements associated with the fair value of financial instruments. The new guidance requires the fair value measurement of investments in equity securities and other ownership interests in an entity, including investments in partnerships, unincorporated joint ventures and limited liability companies (collectively, equity securities) that do not result in consolidation and are not accounted for under the equity method. Entities will need to measure these investments and recognize changes in fair value in net income. Entities will no longer be able to recognize unrealized holding gains and losses on equity securities they classify under current guidance as available for sale in other comprehensive income (OCI). They also will no longer be able to use the cost method of accounting for equity securities that do not have readily determinable fair values. Instead, for these types of equity investments that do not otherwise qualify for the net asset value practical expedient, entities will be permitted to elect a practicability exception and

9


 

measure the investment at cost less impairment plus or minus observable price changes (in orderly transactions). The ASU also establishes an incremental recognition and disclosure requirement related to the presentation of fair value changes of financial liabilities for which the fair value option (FVO) has been elected. Under this guidance, an entity would be required to separately present in OCI the portion of the total fair value change attributable to instrument-specific credit risk as opposed to reflecting the entire amount in earnings. For derivative liabilities for which the FVO has been elected, however, any changes in fair value attributable to instrument-specific credit risk would continue to be presented in net income, which is consistent with current guidance. For 3M, this standard is effective beginning January 1, 2018 via a cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings, except for guidance relative to equity securities without readily determinable fair values which is applied prospectively. The Company is currently assessing this ASU’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, replacing existing lease accounting guidance. The new standard introduces a lessee model that would require entities to recognize assets and liabilities for most leases, but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to current accounting. The ASU does not make fundamental changes to existing lessor accounting. However, it modifies what qualifies as a sales-type and direct financing lease and related accounting and aligns a number of the underlying principles with those of the new revenue standard, ASU No. 2014-09, such as evaluating how collectability should be considered and determining when profit can be recognized. The guidance eliminates existing real estate-specific provisions and requires expanded qualitative and quantitative disclosures. The standard requires modified retrospective transition by which it is applied at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the year of adoption. For 3M, the ASU is effective January 1, 2019. The Company is currently assessing this standard’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-06, Contingent Put and Call Options in Debt Instruments. This ASU clarifies guidance used to determine if debt instruments that contain contingent put or call options would require separation of the embedded put or call feature from the debt instrument and trigger accounting for the feature as a derivative with changes in fair value recorded through income. Under the new guidance, fewer put or call options embedded in debt instruments would require derivative accounting. For 3M, this ASU is effective January 1, 2017. The Company’s outstanding debt with embedded put provisions does not require separate derivative accounting under existing guidance. As a result, 3M does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-07, Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting, which eliminates the existing requirement to apply the equity method of accounting retrospectively (revising prior periods as if the equity method had always been applied) when an entity obtains significant influence over a previously held investment. The new guidance would require the investor to apply the equity method prospectively from the date the investment qualifies for the equity method. The investor would add the carrying value of the existing investment to the cost of any additional investment to determine the initial cost basis of the equity method investment. For 3M, this ASU is effective January 1, 2017 on a prospective basis, with early adoption permitted. 3M would apply this guidance to investments that transition to the equity method after the adoption date.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), which amends ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, to clarify principal versus agent guidance in situations in which a revenue transaction involves a third party in providing goods or services to a customer. In such circumstances, an entity must determine whether the nature of its promise to the customer is to provide the underlying goods or services (i.e., the entity is the principal in the transaction) or to arrange for the third party to provide the underlying goods or services (i.e., the entity is the agent in the transaction). To determine the nature of its promise to the customer, the entity must first identify each specified good or service to be provided to the customer and then (before transferring it) assess whether it controls each specified good or service. The new ASU clarifies how an entity should identify the unit of accounting (the specified good or service) for the principal versus agent evaluation, and how it should apply the control principle to certain types of arrangements, such as service transactions, by explaining what a principal controls before the specified good or service is transferred to the customer. This ASU has the same effective date and transition requirements as ASU No. 2014-09, as amended by ASU No. 2015-14, which for 3M is effective January 1,

10


 

2018. The Company is currently assessing this standard’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which modifies certain accounting aspects for share-based payments to employees including, among other elements, the accounting for income taxes and forfeitures, as well as classifications in the statement of cash flows. With respect to income taxes, under current guidance, when a share-based payment award such as a stock option or restricted stock unit (RSU) is granted to an employee, the fair value of the award is generally recognized over the vesting period. However, the related deduction from taxes payable is based on the award’s intrinsic value at the time of exercise (for an option) or on the fair value upon vesting of the award (for RSUs), which can be either greater (creating an excess tax benefit) or less (creating a tax deficiency) than the compensation cost recognized in the financial statements. Excess tax benefits are recognized in additional paid-in capital (APIC) within equity, and tax deficiencies are similarly recognized in APIC to the extent there is a sufficient APIC amount (APIC pool) related to previously recognized excess tax benefits. Under the new guidance, all excess tax benefits/deficiencies would be recognized as income tax benefit/expense in the statement of income. The new ASU’s income tax aspects also impact the calculation of diluted earnings per share by excluding excess tax benefits/deficiencies from the calculation of assumed proceeds available to repurchase shares under the treasury stock method. Relative to forfeitures, the new standard allows an entity-wide accounting policy election either to continue to estimate the number of awards that will be forfeited or to account for forfeitures as they occur. The new guidance also impacts classifications within the statement of cash flows by no longer requiring inclusion of excess tax benefits as both a hypothetical cash outflow within cash flows from operating activities and hypothetical cash inflow within cash flows from financing activities. Instead, excess tax benefits would be classified in operating activities in the same manner as other cash flows related to income taxes. Additionally, the new ASU requires cash payments to tax authorities when an employer uses a net-settlement feature to withhold shares to meet statutory tax withholding provisions to be presented as financing activity (eliminating previous diversity in practice). For 3M, this standard is required effective January 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted ASU No. 2016-09 as of January 1, 2016. Prospectively beginning January 1, 2016, excess tax benefits/deficiencies have been reflected as income tax benefit/expense in the statement of income resulting in a $81 million tax benefit in the quarter ended March 31, 2016 (3M typically experiences the largest volume of stock option exercises and RSU vestings in the first quarter of its fiscal year). The extent of excess tax benefits/deficiencies is subject to variation in 3M stock price and timing/extent of RSU vestings and employee stock option exercises. 3M’s adoption of this ASU also resulted in associated excess tax benefits being classified as operating activity in the same manner as other cash flows related to income taxes in the statement of cash flows prospectively beginning January 1, 2016. Based on the adoption methodology applied, the statement of cash flows classification of prior periods has not been adjusted. In addition, 3M did not change its accounting principles relative to elements of this standard and continued its existing practice of estimating the number of awards that will be forfeited.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which amends ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. In terms of identifying performance obligations in a revenue arrangement, the amendments clarify how entities would determine whether promised goods or services are separately identifiable from other promises in a contract and, therefore, would be accounted for separately. The guidance would also allow entities to disregard goods or services that are immaterial in the context of a contract and provides an accounting policy election to account for shipping and handling activities as fulfillment costs rather than as additional promised services. With regard to the licensing, the amendments clarify how an entity would evaluate the nature of its promise in granting a license of intellectual property, which determines whether the entity recognizes revenue over time or at a point in time. The standard also clarifies certain other aspects relative to licensing. This ASU has the same effective date and transition requirements as ASU No. 2014-09, as amended by ASU No. 2015-14, which for 3M is effective January 1, 2018. The Company is currently assessing this standard’s impact on 3M’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

11


 

NOTE 2.  Acquisitions and Divestitures

 

Acquisitions:

 

3M makes acquisitions of certain businesses from time to time that are aligned with its strategic intent with respect to, among other factors, growth markets and adjacent product lines or technologies.

 

There were no material business combinations that closed during the three months ended March 31, 2016. Adjustments in the first quarter of 2016 to the preliminary purchase price allocations of other acquisitions within the allocation period were not material. The allocation of purchase price related to the acquisition of Capital Safety Group S.A.R.L. in August 2015 is considered preliminary, primarily with respect to certain tax-related assets and liabilities. 3M expects to finalize the allocation of purchase price within the one year measurement-period following this acquisition.

 

Divestitures:

 

3M may divest certain businesses from time to time based upon review of the Company’s portfolio considering, among other items, factors relative to the extent of strategic and technological alignment and optimization of capital deployment, in addition to considering if selling the businesses results in the greatest value creation for the Company and for shareholders.

 

In the first quarter of 2016, 3M (Safety and Graphics Business) completed the sale of the remainder of the assets of 3M’s library systems business to One Equity Partners Capital Advisors L.P. (OEP). 3M had previously sold the North American business and the majority of the business outside of North America to OEP in the fourth quarter of 2015. The library systems business delivers circulation management solutions to library customers with on-premise hardware and software, maintenance and service, and an emerging cloud-based digital lending platform.

 

In the first quarter of 2016, 3M (Industrial Business) sold to Innovative Chemical Products Group, a portfolio company of Audax Private Equity, the assets of 3M’s pressurized polyurethane foam adhesives business (formerly known as Polyfoam). This business is a provider of pressurized polyurethane foam adhesive formulations and systems into the residential roofing, commercial roofing and insulation and industrial foam segments in the United States with annual sales of approximately $20 million.

 

The Company recorded a pre-tax gain of $40 million in the first quarter of 2016 as a result of the sales of these businesses (recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses). The aggregate operating income of these businesses included in the Company’s operating results for the periods presented and the amounts of major assets and liabilities of any associated disposal groups classified as held-for-sale as of the respective balance sheet dates presented were not material.

 

Refer to Note 2 in 3M’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on 3M’s acquisitions and divestitures.

12


 

NOTE 3.  Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

There were no material acquisitions that closed during the first three months of 2016. The amounts in the “Translation and other” column in the following table primarily relate to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The goodwill balances by business segment as of December 31, 2015 and March 31, 2016, follow:

 

Goodwill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2015

 

Acquisition

 

Translation

 

March 31, 2016

 

(Millions)

    

Balance

    

activity

    

and other

    

Balance

 

Industrial

 

$

2,573

 

$

 —

 

$

51

 

$

2,624

 

Safety and Graphics

 

 

3,342

 

 

3

 

 

32

 

 

3,377

 

Health Care

 

 

1,624

 

 

 —

 

 

20

 

 

1,644

 

Electronics and Energy

 

 

1,510

 

 

 —

 

 

14

 

 

1,524

 

Consumer

 

 

200

 

 

 —

 

 

6

 

 

206

 

Total Company

 

$

9,249

 

$

3

 

$

123

 

$

9,375

 

 

Accounting standards require that goodwill be tested for impairment annually and between annual tests in certain circumstances such as a change in reporting units or the testing of recoverability of a significant asset group within a reporting unit. At 3M, reporting units generally correspond to a division.

 

As described in Note 14, effective in the first quarter of 2016, the Company changed its business segment reporting in its continuing effort to improve the alignment of its businesses around markets and customers. For any product changes that resulted in reporting unit changes, the Company applied the relative fair value method to determine the impact on goodwill of the associated reporting units. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company completed its assessment of any potential goodwill impairment for reporting units impacted by this new structure and determined that no impairment existed.

 

Acquired Intangible Assets

 

The carrying amount and accumulated amortization of acquired finite-lived intangible assets, in addition to the balance of non-amortizable intangible assets, as of March 31, 2016, and December 31, 2015, follow:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

March 31,

    

December 31,

 

(Millions)

    

2016

    

2015

 

Customer related intangible assets

 

$

1,985

 

$

1,973

 

Patents

 

 

610

 

 

616

 

Other technology-based intangible assets

 

 

526

 

 

525

 

Definite-lived tradenames

 

 

423

 

 

421

 

Other amortizable intangible assets

 

 

218

 

 

216

 

Total gross carrying amount

 

$

3,762

 

$

3,751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated amortization — customer related

 

 

(706)

 

 

(668)

 

Accumulated amortization — patents

 

 

(484)

 

 

(481)

 

Accumulated amortization — other technology based

 

 

(267)

 

 

(252)

 

Accumulated amortization — definite-lived tradenames

 

 

(222)

 

 

(215)

 

Accumulated amortization — other

 

 

(172)

 

 

(169)

 

Total accumulated amortization

 

$

(1,851)

 

$

(1,785)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total finite-lived intangible assets — net

 

$

1,911

 

$

1,966

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-amortizable intangible assets (primarily tradenames)

 

 

640

 

 

635

 

Total intangible assets — net

 

$

2,551

 

$

2,601

 

 

13


 

Certain tradenames acquired by 3M are not amortized because they have been in existence for over 55 years, have a history of leading-market share positions, have been and are intended to be continuously renewed, and the associated products of which are expected to generate cash flows for 3M for an indefinite period of time.

 

Amortization expense for acquired intangible assets for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three months ended 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

(Millions)

    

2016

    

2015

 

 

Amortization expense

 

$

66

 

$

53

 

 

 

Expected amortization expense for acquired amortizable intangible assets recorded as of March 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Remainder

    

    

 

    

    

 

    

    

 

    

    

 

    

    

 

    

    

 

 

 

 

of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After

 

(Millions)

 

2016

 

2017

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

2021

 

Amortization expense

 

$

188

 

$

227

 

$

205

 

$

193

 

$

183

 

$

167

 

$

748

 

 

The preceding expected amortization expense is an estimate. Actual amounts of amortization expense may differ from estimated amounts due to additional intangible asset acquisitions, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, impairment of intangible assets, accelerated amortization of intangible assets and other events. 3M expenses the costs incurred to renew or extend the term of intangible assets.

 

NOTE 4.  Restructuring Actions

 

During the fourth quarter of 2015, management approved and committed to undertake certain restructuring actions primarily focused on structural overhead, largely in the U.S. and slower-growing markets, with particular emphasis on Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) and Latin America. This impacted approximately 1,700 positions worldwide and resulted in a fourth-quarter 2015 pre-tax charge of $114 million.

 

Components of these restructuring actions, including cash and non-cash impacts, follow:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions)

    

Employee-Related

    

Asset-Related

    

Total

 

Expense incurred

 

$

98

 

$

16

 

$

114

 

Non-cash changes

 

 

(8)

 

 

(16)

 

 

(24)

 

Cash payments

 

 

(27)

 

 

 —

 

 

(27)

 

Accrued restructuring action balances as of December 31, 2015

 

$

63

 

$

 —

 

$

63

 

Cash payments

 

 

(25)

 

 

 —

 

 

(25)

 

Accrued restructuring action balances as of March 31, 2016

 

$

38

 

$

 —

 

$

38

 

 

Non-cash changes include certain pension settlements and special termination benefits recorded in accrued pension and postretirement benefits and accelerated depreciation resulting from the cessation of use of certain long-lived assets. Remaining activities related to the restructuring are expected to be completed in 2016.

 

14


 

NOTE 5.  Supplemental Equity and Comprehensive Income Information

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity

 

Three months ended March 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3M Company Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

Treasury

 

Income

 

controlling

 

(Millions)

    

Total

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Stock

    

(Loss)

    

Interest

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

 

$

11,747

 

$

4,800

 

$

36,575

 

$

(23,308)

 

$

(6,359)

 

$

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

1,278

 

 

 

 

 

1,275

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative translation adjustment

 

 

138

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

139

 

 

(1)

 

Defined benefit pension and post-retirement plans adjustment

 

 

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69

 

 

 —

 

Debt and equity securities - unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Cash flow hedging instruments - unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

(110)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(110)

 

 

 —

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

97

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared

 

 

(672)

 

 

 

 

 

(672)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

125

 

 

125

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reacquired stock

 

 

(1,163)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,163)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuances pursuant to stock option and benefit plans

 

 

362

 

 

 

 

 

(393)

 

 

755

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2016

 

$

11,774

 

$

4,925

 

$

36,785

 

$

(23,716)

 

$

(6,261)

 

$

41

 

 

Three months ended March 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3M Company Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paid-in

 

Retained

 

Treasury

 

Income

 

controlling

 

(Millions)

    

Total

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Stock

    

(Loss)

    

Interest

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

$

13,142

 

$

4,388

 

$

34,317

 

$

(19,307)

 

$

(6,289)

 

$

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

1,201

 

 

 

 

 

1,199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative translation adjustment

 

 

(193)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(193)

 

 

 —

 

Defined benefit pension and post-retirement plans adjustment

 

 

91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

91

 

 

 —

 

Debt and equity securities - unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Cash flow hedging instruments - unrealized gain (loss)

 

 

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70

 

 

 —

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation, net of tax impacts

 

 

228

 

 

228

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reacquired stock

 

 

(896)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(896)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuances pursuant to stock option and benefit plans

 

 

312

 

 

 

 

 

(433)

 

 

745

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

$

13,952

 

$

4,616

 

$

35,080