10-Q 1 hmi10q_11282015.htm 10-Q 10-Q


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549


FORM 10-Q

[ X ] QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
[ _ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For Quarter Ended November 28, 2015
 
Commission File No. 001-15141


HERMAN MILLER, INC.

A Michigan Corporation
 
ID No. 38-0837640
 
 
 
855 East Main Avenue, Zeeland, MI 49464-0302
 
Phone (616) 654 3000


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:
(1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes [ X ] No [_]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 
Yes [ X ] No [_]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer [ X ]
 Accelerated filer [_]
Non-accelerated filer [_]
Smaller reporting company [_]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [_] No [ X ]


Common Stock Outstanding at January 4, 2016 - 59,896,703 shares





Herman Miller, Inc. Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 
 
Page No.
Part I — Financial Information
 
 
Item 1 Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income — Three and Six Months Ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets — November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows — Six Months Ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity - Six Months Ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
Note 3 - Fiscal Year
 
Note 4 - Acquisitions
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note 10 - Income Taxes
 
 
 
Note 13 - Debt
 
 
 
 
Item 2 Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Item 4 Controls and Procedures
Part II — Other Information
 
 
Item 1   Legal Proceedings
 
Item 1A Risk Factors
 
Item 2   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
Item 3   Defaults upon Senior Securities
 
Item 4   Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Item 5   Other Information
 
Item 6   Exhibits
 
Signatures
 

2






Herman Miller, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Net sales
$
580.4

 
$
565.4

 
$
1,145.8

 
$
1,075.1

Cost of sales
356.0

 
359.7

 
704.6

 
683.8

Gross margin
224.4

 
205.7

 
441.2

 
391.3

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general, and administrative
149.7

 
141.1

 
292.8

 
267.8

Design and research
19.2

 
17.9

 
37.8

 
34.6

Total operating expenses
168.9

 
159.0

 
330.6

 
302.4

Operating earnings
55.5

 
46.7

 
110.6

 
88.9

Other expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
3.9

 
4.6

 
7.8

 
9.3

Other, net
(0.4
)
 
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.1

Earnings before income taxes and equity income
52.0

 
42.0

 
102.7

 
79.5

Income tax expense
17.2

 
14.2

 
34.2

 
26.6

Equity earnings from nonconsolidated affiliates, net of tax
0.1

 

 
0.2

 
0.1

Net earnings
34.9

 
27.8

 
68.7

 
53.0

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.2

 

 
0.5

 

Net earnings attributable to Herman Miller, Inc.
$
34.7

 
$
27.8

 
$
68.2

 
$
53.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share — basic
$
0.58

 
$
0.47

 
$
1.14

 
$
0.89

Earnings per share — diluted
$
0.57

 
$
0.46

 
$
1.13

 
$
0.88

Dividends declared, per share
$
0.148

 
$
0.140

 
$
0.295

 
$
0.280

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(1.0
)
 
$
(5.4
)
 
$
(4.5
)
 
$
(5.9
)
Pension and post-retirement liability adjustments
0.5

 
0.5

 
1.4

 
0.9

Other comprehensive loss
(0.5
)
 
(4.9
)
 
(3.1
)
 
(5.0
)
Comprehensive income
34.4

 
22.9

 
65.6

 
48.0

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.2

 

 
0.5

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Herman Miller, Inc.
$
34.2

 
$
22.9

 
$
65.1

 
$
48.0


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


3




Herman Miller, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
November 28, 2015
 
May 30, 2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
54.7

 
$
63.7

Marketable securities
5.4

 
5.7

Accounts and notes receivable, net
218.1

 
189.6

Inventories, net
131.7

 
129.6

Prepaid expenses and other
45.2

 
74.9

Total current assets
455.1

 
463.5

Property and equipment, at cost
893.4

 
868.6

Less — accumulated depreciation
(637.3
)
 
(619.1
)
Net property and equipment
256.1

 
249.5

Goodwill
306.1

 
303.1

Indefinite-lived intangibles
85.2

 
85.2

Other amortizable intangibles, net
52.7

 
52.3

Other noncurrent assets
48.8

 
39.1

Total Assets
$
1,204.0

 
$
1,192.7

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS & STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
155.2

 
$
164.7

Accrued compensation and benefits
73.3

 
66.6

Accrued warranty
40.6

 
39.3

Other accrued liabilities
101.3

 
92.8

Total current liabilities
370.4

 
363.4

Long-term debt
256.8

 
289.8

Pension and post-retirement benefits
25.8

 
27.8

Other liabilities
43.8

 
61.0

Total Liabilities
696.8

 
742.0

Redeemable noncontrolling interests
31.2

 
30.4

Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value (10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued)

 

Common stock, $0.20 par value (240,000,000 shares authorized, 60,005,530 and 59,694,611 shares issued and outstanding in 2016 and 2015, respectively)
12.0

 
11.9

Additional paid-in capital
143.6

 
135.1

Retained earnings
380.2

 
330.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(59.3
)
 
(56.2
)
Key executive deferred compensation plans
(1.2
)
 
(1.2
)
Herman Miller, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
475.3

 
419.8

Noncontrolling Interests
0.7

 
0.5

Total Stockholders' Equity
476.0

 
420.3

Total Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests, and Stockholders' Equity
$
1,204.0

 
$
1,192.7


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Herman Miller, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended
November 28, 2015

November 29, 2014
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:



Net earnings
$
68.7

 
$
53.0

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
27.6

 
25.2

Stock-based compensation
6.5

 
5.7

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
(1.0
)
 
(0.6
)
Pension and post-retirement expenses
0.8

 
0.6

Deferred taxes
(4.2
)
 
(5.4
)
Gain on sales of property and dealers

 
(0.2
)
Other, net
1.4

 
0.4

Increase in current assets
(42.1
)
 
(1.7
)
Increase in current liabilities
10.9

 
3.3

Increase in non-current liabilities
4.6

 
0.4

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
73.2

 
80.7

 
 
 
 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from sales of property
3.1

 
0.3

Marketable securities sales
0.3

 
4.5

Acquisitions, net of cash received
(3.6
)
 
(154.0
)
Capital expenditures
(35.2
)
 
(26.7
)
Other, net
0.7

 
(0.6
)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
(34.7
)
 
(176.5
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Dividends paid
(17.2
)
 
(16.6
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
422.1

 
401.5

Payments of long-term debt
(455.1
)
 
(324.5
)
Common stock issued
5.6

 
5.7

Common stock repurchased and retired
(3.7
)
 
(3.2
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
1.0

 
0.6

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

 
(5.8
)
Other, net

 
0.8

Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Financing Activities
(47.3
)
 
58.5

 
 
 
 
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(0.2
)
 
0.5

Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(9.0
)
 
(36.8
)
 
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period
63.7

 
101.5

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period
$
54.7

 
$
64.7


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



Herman Miller, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(Dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Preferred Stock
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year and end of period
$

 
$

Common Stock
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year
11.9

 
11.9

Restricted stock units released
0.1

 

Balance at end of period
12.0

 
11.9

Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year
135.1

 
122.4

Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(3.7
)
 
(3.2
)
Exercise of stock options
4.6

 
4.9

Stock-based compensation expense
4.5

 
5.2

Excess tax benefit for stock-based compensation
0.5

 
0.2

Restricted stock units released
1.7

 
0.1

Employee stock purchase plan issuances
0.9

 
0.8

Balance at end of period
143.6

 
130.4

Retained Earnings
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year
330.2

 
269.6

Net income attributable to Herman Miller, Inc.
68.2

 
53.0

Dividends declared on common stock (per share - 2016: $0.295; 2015; $0.280)
(17.8
)
 
(16.8
)
Noncontrolling interests redemption value adjustment
(0.4
)
 

Balance at end of period
380.2

 
305.8

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year
(56.2
)
 
(37.9
)
Other comprehensive loss
(3.1
)
 
(5.0
)
Balance at end of period
(59.3
)
 
(42.9
)
Key Executive Deferred Compensation
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year and end of period
(1.2
)
 
(1.7
)
Herman Miller, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
475.3

 
403.5

Noncontrolling Interests
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of year
0.5

 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.2

 

Noncontrolling interests related to DWR acquisition

 
5.8

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

 
(5.8
)
Balance at end of period
0.7

 

Total Stockholders' Equity
$
476.0

 
$
403.5



6



Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Three and Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
(in millions)

1. Basis of Presentation and Correction of Immaterial Error

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Herman Miller, Inc. (“the company”) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. Management believes the disclosures made in this document are adequate with respect to interim reporting requirements.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, contain all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature necessary to present fairly the financial position of the company as of November 28, 2015. Operating results for the six months ended November 28, 2015, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending May 28, 2016. It is suggested that these condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the company's Form 10-K filing for the year ended May 30, 2015.

In the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the company made an adjustment to correct an immaterial error related to the accrual for product warranties. As a result of this correction, the company adjusted Accrued warranty, Other noncurrent assets (to capture the impact of adjusting deferred taxes), and Retained earnings by $12.5 million, $4.7 million, and $7.8 million, respectively. The adjustment impacts the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of November 28th, 2015 and May 30th, 2015, the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity as of November 28th, 2015 and November 29th, 2014, Note 12 - Commitments and Contingencies, and Note 16 - Operating Segments. This correction had no impact on earnings or cash flows.

2. New Accounting Standards

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
Standard
 
Description
 
Date of Adoption
 
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Interest-Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs
 
The standard requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability, rather than as an asset. For debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements, the SEC would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequently amortizing the issuance costs over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement. The standard was applied on a retrospective basis.
 
November 28, 2015
 
For each period presented the company reclassified debt issuance costs related to senior notes from Other non-current assets to Long-term debt. Debt issuance costs related to our revolving line of credit continue to be presented as an asset within Other non-current assets.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes
 
The standard requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets, as well as any related valuation allowance, be classified as non-current in a classified statement of financial position.
 
November 28, 2015
 
The company adopted the accounting standard prospectively. As such, the prior period was not retrospectively adjusted. As of November 28, 2015 deferred tax liabilities and assets are presented as non-current.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
Standard
 
Description
 
Effective Date
 
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory
 
Under the updated standard, an entity should measure inventory that is measured using either the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") or average cost methods at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. The updated standard should be applied prospectively.
 
June 4, 2017
 
The company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

7



Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted (Continued)
Standard
 
Description
 
Effective Date
 
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
 
The standard outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and jurisdictions and also requires enhanced disclosures. The standard allows for two adoption methods, a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach.
 
June 3, 2018
 
The company is currently evaluating the possible adoption methodologies and the implications of adoption on our consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software Customer's Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement
 
The standard provides guidance regarding whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. The customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If the cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. The updated standard can be applied either prospectively or retrospectively.
 
May 29, 2016
 
The company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

3. Fiscal Year

The company's fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to May 31. Fiscal 2016, the year ending May 28, 2016, and fiscal 2015, the year ended May 30, 2015, each contain 52 weeks. The second quarters of fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 each contained 13 weeks.

4. Acquisitions

George Nelson Bubble Lamp Product Line Acquisition
On September 17, 2015, the company acquired certain assets associated with the George Nelson Bubble Lamp product line which together constituted the acquisition of a business. Consideration transferred to acquire the assets consisted of $3.6 million in cash transferred during the second quarter of fiscal 2016 and an additional component of performance-based contingent consideration with a fair value of $2.7 million as of the acquisition date.

The assets acquired included an exclusive manufacturing agreement and customer relationships with fair values of $2.5 million and and $0.6 million, respectively, each having a useful life of 10 years. The excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets acquired was $3.2 million and recognized as goodwill within the Consumer reportable segment. The company has finalized the purchase accounting for the acquisition of the George Nelson Bubble Lamp product line.

Design Within Reach Acquisition
On July 28, 2014, the company acquired the majority of the outstanding equity of Design Within Reach, Inc. ("DWR"), a Stamford, Connecticut based, leading North American marketer and seller of modern furniture, lighting, and accessories primarily serving consumers and design trade professionals. The acquisition of DWR advances the company's strategy of being both an industry brand and a consumer brand by expanding the company's reach into the consumer sector.

The company purchased an ownership interest in DWR equal to approximately 81 percent for $155.2 million in cash. Subsequent to the initial transaction, the company acquired an additional 4 percent of DWR stock from the remaining public shareholders for approximately $5.8 million in cash, all of which was paid during the first and second quarters of fiscal 2015. The remaining 15 percent of DWR stock was contributed by DWR executives into a newly formed consumer facing subsidiary and the company contributed the assets of the existing Herman Miller Consumer business. After these transactions, the redeemable noncontrolling interests in the newly formed subsidiary, known as Herman Miller Consumer Holdings, Inc. ("HMCH"), were approximately 7 percent. The remaining HMCH shareholders have a put option to require the company to purchase their remaining interest over a five-year period from the date of issuance of such shares. As a result, these noncontrolling interests are not included within Stockholders' Equity within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, but rather are included within Redeemable noncontrolling interests.

DWR acquisition-related expenses were $2.2 million during fiscal 2015. These expenses included legal and professional services fees. The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed from the acquisition.

8



Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed on July 28, 2014
 
(In millions)
Fair Value
Purchase price
$
155.2

Fair value of the assets acquired:
 
Cash
1.2

Accounts receivable
2.2

Inventory
47.4

Current deferred tax asset
1.5

Other current assets
5.5

Goodwill
75.6

Other intangible assets
68.5

Property
32.0

Other long term assets
2.4

Total assets acquired
236.3

Fair value of liabilities assumed:
 
Accounts payable
20.8

Accrued compensation and benefits
1.6

Other accrued liabilities
12.3

Long term deferred tax liability
14.5

Other long term liabilities
0.4

Total liabilities assumed
49.6

Redeemable noncontrolling interests
25.7

Noncontrolling interests
5.8

Net assets acquired
$
155.2


The goodwill stemming from the transaction in the amount of $75.6 million was recorded as "Goodwill" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and allocated to the Consumer reportable segment. The goodwill recognized was attributable primarily to the assembled workforce and expected synergies from DWR and the total amount of this goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.

Other intangible assets acquired as a result of the acquisition of DWR were valued at $68.5 million. These amounts are reflected in the values presented in the following table:
Intangible Assets Acquired from the DWR Acquisition
 
(In millions)
Fair Value
Useful Life
Trade Names and Trademarks
$
55.1

Indefinite
Exclusive Distribution Agreements
0.2

1.5 years
Customer Relationships
12.0

10 - 16 years
Product Development Designs
1.2

7 years
Total Intangible Assets Acquired
$
68.5

 

9




5. Inventories, net

(In millions)
November 28, 2015
 
May 30, 2015
Finished goods
$
106.3

 
$
106.5

Raw materials
25.4

 
23.1

Total
$
131.7

 
$
129.6

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market and include material, labor, and overhead. The inventories of the majority of domestic manufacturing subsidiaries are valued using the last-in, first-out method ("LIFO"). The inventories of all other subsidiaries are valued using the first-in, first-out method ("FIFO").

6. Goodwill and Indefinite-lived Intangibles

Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets consisted of the following as of November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015:
(In millions)
Goodwill
 
Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
 
Total Goodwill and Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
May 30, 2015
$
303.1

 
$
85.2

 
$
388.3

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(0.2
)
 

 
(0.2
)
Acquisition
3.2

 

 
3.2

November 28, 2015
$
306.1

 
$
85.2

 
$
391.3


7. Employee Benefit Plans

Components of Net Periodic Benefit Costs
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
Pension Benefits
 
Pension Benefits
(In millions)
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
International:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest cost
$
1.0

 
$
1.1

 
$
2.0

 
$
2.3

Expected return on plan assets
(1.4
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(2.8
)
 
(3.0
)
Net amortization loss
0.7

 
0.5

 
1.4

 
1.0

Net periodic benefit cost
$
0.3

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.6

 
$
0.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


10



8. Earnings Per Share

The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used in the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Numerators:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator for both basic and diluted EPS, net earnings attributable to Herman Miller, Inc. - in millions
$
34.7

 
$
27.8

 
$
68.2

 
$
53.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominators:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic EPS, weighted-average common shares outstanding
59,891,876

 
59,445,577

 
59,812,900

 
59,370,718

Potentially dilutive shares resulting from stock plans
519,664

 
578,941

 
536,359

 
581,916

Denominator for diluted EPS
60,411,540

 
60,024,518

 
60,349,259

 
59,952,634

Antidilutive equity awards not included in weighted-average common shares - diluted
479,912

 
538,380

 
520,722

 
743,060


The company has certain share-based payment awards that meet the definition of participating securities. The company has evaluated the impact on EPS of all participating securities under the two-class method, noting the impact on EPS was immaterial.

9. Stock-Based Compensation

The company's stock-based compensation expense for the three month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 was $2.6 million and $2.7 million, respectively. The related income tax effect for both the three month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 was $1.0 million. For the six months ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014, stock-based compensation expense was $6.5 million and $5.7 million, respectively. The related income tax effect for the respective six month periods was $2.4 million and $2.1 million.

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 has been reduced for estimated forfeitures, as it is based on awards ultimately expected to vest. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ. Forfeitures are estimated based on historical experience.

For the six month period ended November 28, 2015, the company issued 185,949 shares of common stock related to the exercise of stock options, 163,430 shares of common stock related to the vesting of restricted stock units, and 55,825 shares of common stock related to the vesting of performance share units.

For the six month period ended November 29, 2014, the company issued 226,867 shares of common stock related to the exercise of stock options, 121,985 shares of common stock related to the vesting of restricted stock units, and no shares of common stock related to the vesting of performance share units.

10. Income Taxes

The company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax benefits through income tax expense in its Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income. Interest and penalties recognized in the company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income were $0.1 million during the six month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 and were negligible during the three month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014. The company's recorded liability for potential interest and penalties related to uncertain tax benefits totaled $0.9 million as of both November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015. The company had income tax accruals associated with uncertain tax benefits totaling $1.8 million as of both November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015.

The company is subject to periodic audits by domestic and foreign tax authorities. Currently, the company is undergoing routine periodic audits in both domestic and foreign tax jurisdictions. It is reasonably possible that the amounts of unrecognized tax benefits could change in the next twelve months as a result of the audits. Tax payments related to these audits, if any, are not expected to be material to the company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

For the majority of tax jurisdictions, the company is no longer subject to state, local, or non-United States income tax examinations by tax authorities for fiscal years before 2012.

11




11. Fair Value Measurements

The following describes the methods the company uses to estimate the fair value of financial assets and liabilities, which have not significantly changed in the current period:

Available-for-sale securities — The company's available-for-sale marketable securities primarily include mortgage-backed debt securities, government obligations and corporate debt securities and are recorded at fair value using quoted prices for similar securities.

Deferred compensation plan — The company's deferred compensation plan primarily includes various domestic and international mutual funds that are recorded at fair value using quoted prices for similar securities.

Foreign currency exchange contracts — The company's foreign currency exchange contracts are valued using an approach based on foreign currency exchange rates obtained from active markets. The estimated fair value of forward currency exchange contracts is based on month-end spot rates as adjusted by market-based current activity. These forward contracts are not designated as hedging instruments. Accordingly, we record the fair value of these contracts as of the end of the reporting period in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with changes in fair value recorded within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.

The following tables set forth financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and the respective pricing levels to which the fair value measurements are classified within the fair value hierarchy as of November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015.
(In millions)
Fair Value Measurements
 
November 28, 2015
 
May 30, 2015


Financial Assets
Quoted Prices with
Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Quoted Prices with
Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
Available-for-sale marketable securities:
 
 
 
Asset-backed securities
$
0.1

 
$
0.2

Corporate securities
0.4

 
0.6

Government obligations
4.4

 
4.4

Mortgage-backed securities
0.5

 
0.5

Foreign currency forward contracts
0.7

 
0.7

Deferred compensation plan
8.5

 
7.9

Total
$
14.6

 
$
14.3

 
 
 
 
Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
Foreign currency forward contracts
$
0.4

 
$
0.2

Total
$
0.4

 
$
0.2



12



The company does not hold any level 3 investments. The following is a summary of the carrying and market values of the company's marketable securities as of the respective dates.
 
November 28, 2015
(In millions)
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gain
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Market
Value
Asset-backed securities
$
0.1

 
$

 
$

 
$
0.1

Corporate securities
0.4

 

 

 
0.4

Government obligations
4.4

 

 

 
4.4

Mortgage-backed securities
0.5

 

 

 
0.5

Total
$
5.4

 
$

 
$

 
$
5.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
May 30, 2015
(In millions)
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gain
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Market
Value
Asset-backed securities
$
0.2

 
$

 
$

 
$
0.2

Corporate securities
0.6

 

 

 
0.6

Government obligations
4.4

 

 

 
4.4

Mortgage-backed securities
0.5

 

 

 
0.5

Total
$
5.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
5.7


Adjustments to the fair value of available-for-sale securities are recorded as increases or decreases, net of income taxes, within accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method; realized gains and losses resulting from such sales are included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income within "Other, net".

The company reviews its investment portfolio for any unrealized losses that would be deemed other-than-temporary and require the recognition of an impairment loss in earnings. If the cost of an investment exceeds its fair value, the company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than its cost, the company's intent to hold the investment, and whether it is more likely than not that the company will be required to sell the investment before recovery of the cost basis. The company also considers the type of security, related industry and sector performance, and published investment ratings. Once a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, an impairment charge is recorded and a new cost basis in the investment is established. If conditions within individual markets, industry segments, or macro-economic environments deteriorate, the company could incur future impairments.

Maturities of debt securities included in marketable securities as of November 28, 2015, are as follows.
(In millions)
Cost
 
Fair Value
Due within one year
$
4.3

 
$
4.3

Due after one year through five years
1.1

 
1.1

Due after five years through ten years

 

Due after more than ten years

 

Total
$
5.4

 
$
5.4


The company views its available-for-sale portfolio as available for use in its current operations. Accordingly, the investments are recorded within Current Assets within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

12. Commitments and Contingencies

Product Warranties
The company provides coverage to the end-user for parts and labor on products sold under its warranty policy and for other product-related matters. The standard length of warranty is twelve years for the majority of products sold; however, this varies depending on the product classification. The company does not sell or otherwise issue warranties or warranty extensions as stand-alone products. Reserves have been established for the various costs associated with the company's warranty program and are included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets under “Accrued warranty.” General warranty reserves are based on historical claims experience and other currently available information. These reserves are adjusted once an issue is identified and the actual cost of correction becomes known or can be estimated.

13



(In millions)
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Accrual Balance — beginning
$
39.5

 
$
38.2

 
$
39.3

 
$
37.7

Accrual for product-related matters
6.6

 
6.2

 
12.2

 
12.7

Settlements and adjustments
(5.5
)
 
(5.9
)
 
(10.9
)
 
(11.9
)
Accrual Balance — ending
$
40.6

 
$
38.5

 
$
40.6

 
$
38.5


Guarantees
The company is periodically required to provide performance bonds in order to do business with certain customers. These arrangements are common and generally have terms ranging between one and three years. The bonds are required to provide assurance to customers that the products and services they have purchased will be installed and/or provided properly and without damage to their facilities. The bonds are provided by various bonding agencies; however, the company is ultimately liable for claims that may occur against them. As of November 28, 2015, the company had a maximum financial exposure related to performance bonds totaling approximately $6.7 million. The company has no history of claims, nor is it aware of circumstances that would require it to pay, under any of these arrangements. The company also believes that the resolution of any claims that might arise in the future, either individually or in the aggregate, would not materially affect the company's financial statements. Accordingly, no liability has been recorded in respect to these bonds as of November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015.

The company has entered into standby letter of credit arrangements for purposes of protecting various insurance companies and lessors against default on insurance premium and lease payments. As of November 28, 2015, the company had a maximum financial exposure from these standby letters of credit totaling approximately $8.6 million, all of which is considered usage against the company's revolving credit facility. The company has no history of claims, nor is it aware of circumstances that would require it to perform under any of these arrangements, and believes that the resolution of any claims that might arise in the future, either individually or in the aggregate, would not materially affect the company's financial statements. Accordingly, no liability has been recorded in respect of these arrangements as of November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015.

Contingencies
The company leases a facility in the United Kingdom under an agreement that expired in June 2011 and the company was leasing the facility on a month-to-month basis. Under the terms of the lease, the company is required to perform the maintenance and repairs necessary to address the general dilapidation of the facility. As of November 28, 2015, the company has exited the lease and determined the cost of these maintenance and repairs to be $1.2 million. Accordingly this amount is recorded under the caption “Other accrued liabilities” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of both November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015.

The company is also involved in legal proceedings and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the outcome of such proceedings and litigation currently pending will not materially affect the company's consolidated financial statements.

13. Debt

Long-term debt as of November 28, 2015 and May 30, 2015 consisted of the following obligations:
(In millions)
November 28, 2015
 
May 30, 2015
Series B senior notes, due January 3, 2018
$
149.8

 
$
149.8

Debt securities, due March 1, 2021
50.0

 
50.0

Syndicated revolving line of credit, due July 2019
57.0

 
90.0

Total
$
256.8

 
$
289.8


On July 21, 2014, the company entered into a third amendment and restatement of its syndicated revolving line of credit, which provides the company with up to $250 million in revolving variable interest borrowing capacity and includes an "accordion feature" allowing the company to increase, at its option and subject to the approval of the participating banks, the aggregate borrowing capacity of the facility by $125 million. The facility expires in July 2019 and outstanding borrowings bear interest at rates based on the prime rate, federal funds rate, LIBOR, or negotiated rates as outlined in the agreement. Interest is payable periodically throughout the period if borrowings are outstanding. As of November 28, 2015, the total debt outstanding related to borrowings against this facility was $57.0 million. These borrowings are included within Long-term debt in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of November 28, 2015, the total usage against the facility was $65.6 million, of which $8.6 million related to outstanding letters of credit. As of May 30, 2015, total usage against this facility was $98.3 million, $8.3 million of which related to outstanding letters of credit.



14



14. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The following table provides an analysis of the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the six months ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014:


Six Months Ended
(In millions)

November 28, 2015

November 29, 2014
Cumulative translation adjustments at beginning of period

$
(20.8
)

$
(11.1
)
Translation adjustments

(4.5
)

(5.9
)
Balance at end of period

(25.3
)

(17.0
)
Pension and other post-retirement benefit plans at beginning of period

(35.4
)

(26.8
)
Reclassification to earnings - operating expenses (net of tax $(0.5), $(0.2))

1.4


0.9

Balance at end of period

(34.0
)

(25.9
)
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

$
(59.3
)

$
(42.9
)

15. Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

Redeemable noncontrolling interests are reported on the Consolidated Balance Sheets in mezzanine equity in “Redeemable noncontrolling interests.” The company recognizes changes to the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interests as they occur and adjusts the carrying value to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period accordingly. The redemption amounts have been estimated based on the fair value of the subsidiary, determined based on a weighting of the discounted cash flow and market methods. This represents a level 3 fair value measurement.

Changes in the company’s Redeemable noncontrolling interests for the six months ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 are as follows:
 
 
Six Months Ended
(In millions)
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Beginning Balance
 
$
30.4

 
$

Increase due to business combination
 

 
25.7

Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
0.3

 

Exercised options
 

 
0.7

Redemption value adjustment
 
0.4

 

Other adjustments
 
0.1

 
0.6

Ending Balance
 
$
31.2

 
$
27.0


16. Operating Segments

The company's reportable segments consist of North American Furniture Solutions, ELA ("EMEA, Latin America, and Asia Pacific") Furniture Solutions, Specialty, and Consumer. The North American Furniture Solutions reportable segment includes the operations associated with the design, manufacture, and sale of furniture products for work-related settings, including office, education, and healthcare environments, throughout the United States and Canada. ELA Furniture Solutions includes the operations associated with the design, manufacture, and sale of furniture products, primarily for work-related settings, in the EMEA, Latin America, and Asia-Pacific geographic regions. Specialty includes the operations associated with the design, manufacture, and sale of high-craft furniture products and textiles including Geiger wood products, Maharam textiles, and Herman Miller Collection products. The Consumer segment includes the operations associated with the sale of modern design furnishings and accessories to third party retail distributors, as well as direct-to-consumer sales through eCommerce and DWR studios.

The company also reports a “Corporate” category consisting primarily of unallocated corporate expenses including restructuring, impairment, acquisition-related costs, and other unallocated corporate costs.

The accounting policies of the reportable operating segments are the same as those of the company. Additionally, the company employs a methodology for allocating corporate costs and assets with the underlying objective of this methodology being to allocate corporate costs according to the relative usage of the underlying resources and to allocate corporate assets according to the relative expected benefit.

15



The company has determined that allocation based on relative net sales is appropriate. The majority of corporate costs are allocated to the operating segments; however, certain costs generally considered the result of isolated business decisions are not subject to allocation and are evaluated separately from the rest of the regular ongoing business operations. For example, restructuring charges that are reflected in operating earnings are allocated to the “Corporate” category.

The performance of the operating segments is evaluated by the company's management using various financial measures. The following is a summary of certain key financial measures for the respective fiscal periods indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
(In millions)
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Net Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Furniture Solutions
$
348.1

 
$
315.3

 
$
686.2

 
$
636.4

ELA Furniture Solutions
100.7

 
114.3

 
203.2

 
209.7

Specialty
57.7

 
55.4

 
115.5

 
110.0

Consumer
73.9

 
80.4

 
140.9

 
119.0

Corporate

 

 

 

Total
$
580.4

 
$
565.4

 
$
1,145.8

 
$
1,075.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Furniture Solutions
$
41.4

 
$
32.3

 
$
82.2

 
$
68.5

ELA Furniture Solutions
7.3

 
10.4

 
13.9

 
13.5

Specialty
4.2

 
2.8

 
8.5

 
5.7

Consumer
2.7

 
1.5

 
6.5

 
3.8

Corporate
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(2.6
)
Total
$
55.5

 
$
46.7

 
$
110.6

 
$
88.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
November 28, 2015
 
May 30, 2015
Total Assets:
 
 
 
North American Furniture Solutions
$
509.1

 
$
504.5

ELA Furniture Solutions
239.9

 
235.4

Specialty
150.2

 
151.6

Consumer
244.7

 
231.8

Corporate
60.1

 
69.4

Total
$
1,204.0

 
$
1,192.7

 
 
 
 

16




Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Three and Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
(in millions)

The following is management's discussion and analysis of certain significant factors that affected the company's financial condition, earnings and cash flows during the periods included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 30, 2015. References to “Notes” are to the footnotes included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Discussion of Current Business Conditions

During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, we demonstrated further progress on our strategic and operational initiatives, which was evidenced by growth in orders and sales. Orders of $601.4 million represented an increase of 5 percent as compared to the prior year. Sales increased to $580.4 million, a 3 percent increase as compared to the prior year. The growth in sales brought with it earnings growth as operating earnings increased 19 percent and diluted earnings per share expanded from $0.46 to $0.57 as compared to the same period last year.

We believe our focus and commitment toward delivering innovative designs to solve problems for people wherever they work, live, learn and heal has helped us create widely respected brands. In Contract Magazine's most recent industry survey, Herman Miller earned the #1 ranking in the category of "Brands that Inspire". Additionally, in the same survey, we earned #1 rankings for ergonomic seating, healthcare furniture (Nemschoff), and fabric and textiles (Maharam).

The North American segment contributed significantly to our growth in sales and orders this quarter. Sales for the segment grew at a rate of over 10 percent and orders grew by more than 9 percent. Excluding the impact of foreign currency translation, net sales growth in the quarter was approximately 12 percent and orders increased by more than 10 percent. This improvement was driven by the continuation of efforts over the past year to improve selling capacity, launch innovative products, and refresh showrooms.

Foreign currency translation continued to have a negative impact on the ELA segment, which reported a 12 percent decrease in net sales as compared to the prior year. New orders for this segment were essentially flat with the second quarter of last year. On a constant currency basis, sales for ELA declined 5 percent and orders increased 8 percent relative to the same quarter a year ago. The divergent growth rates in sales and orders this quarter is attributed to year-on-year timing differences in project invoicing and bid activity. During the second half of the fiscal year, the ELA segment plans to have a number of new product launches under both the Herman Miller and the POSH brand names.

Our Specialty segment continued to gain momentum in the current quarter as it reported growth in orders, sales, and operating earnings as compared to the same period of the prior year. The Specialty segment reported an increase in sales and new orders of 4 percent and more than 15 percent, respectively.

Our Consumer segment posted year-over-year decreases in both orders (10 percent) and net sales (8 percent) as compared to the prior year. These changes were driven by several factors, including:

Continued impact from a deliberate reduction in the number of independent retail distributors within our legacy consumer wholesale business. While we remain confident that the sales volume lost during this cross-over period will migrate over time to our online, catalog, and DWR studio channels, the process has been slower than we expected.
A reduction in the number of DWR studios as part of the closure of small legacy locations and a transition to larger format studios.
Interruptions in selling capacity associated with the implementation of a new Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system at Design Within Reach. The ERP implementation was largely completed by the close of the quarter.

While these results did not meet our expectations, we believe the value drivers for the Consumer segment remain intact to drive future growth. These include the transition of DWR studios to larger, more efficient formats and an increase in the mix of exclusive products. Additionally, we are taking action to enhance brand awareness and implement promotional initiatives aimed at increasing sales volume in the second half of fiscal 2016.

Capital expenditures totaled $35.2 million for the six months ended November 28, 2015, an increase of $8.5 million compared to the same six month period of fiscal 2015. The increase was mostly attributable to the construction of our new consolidated manufacturing and distribution facility in the United Kingdom. We anticipate our full year capital spending to be between $70.0 million and $80.0 million.




17



The economic backdrop of our business remains mixed globally. North America continues to benefit from strong employment, encouraging construction and architectural billings data, as well as low commodity costs. Outside of North America, areas of economic uncertainty that we are monitoring closely include China, Latin America, Europe and the Middle East.

The remaining sections within Item 2 include additional analysis of our six months ended November 28, 2015, including discussion of significant variances compared to the prior year periods.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This report contains references to Organic sales, Adjusted operating earnings, Adjusted EBITDA, and Adjusted earnings per share diluted, all of which are non-GAAP financial measures (referred to collectively as the "Adjusted financial measures"). The adjusted financial measures are calculated by excluding from Operating earnings, and Earnings per share – diluted items that we believe are not indicative of our ongoing operating performance. Such items consist of the following:

Expenses associated with acquisition-related inventory adjustments
Transaction expenses associated with recent acquisitions

Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by excluding depreciation, amortization and other net income or expense from Adjusted Operating Earnings. Organic sales represents the change in Net sales, excluding currency translation effects and the impact of acquisitions. We present the adjusted financial measures because we consider them to be important supplemental measures of our performance and believe them to be useful in analyzing ongoing results from operations.

The adjusted financial measures are not measurements of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to Net sales, Operating earnings and Earnings per share diluted under GAAP. The adjusted financial measures have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Our presentation of the adjusted financial measures should not be construed as an indication that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or infrequent items. We compensate for these limitations by providing prominence of our GAAP results and using the adjusted financial measures only as a supplement.
The following table reconciles Net sales to Organic sales for the periods and reportable operating segments indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
Three Months Ended
 
11/28/15
11/29/14
 
North America
ELA
Specialty
Consumer
Total
North America
ELA
Specialty
Consumer
Total
Net Sales, as reported
$
348.1

$
100.7

$
57.7

$
73.9

$
580.4

$
315.3

$
114.3

$
55.4

$
80.4

$
565.4

% change from PY
10.4
%
(11.9
)%
4.2
%
(8.1
)%
2.7
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency Translation Effects (1)
4.9

8.5

0.2

0.3

13.9






Organic net sales
$
353.0

$
109.2

$
57.9

$
74.2

$
594.3

$
315.3

$
114.3

$
55.4

$
80.4

$
565.4

% change from PY
12.0
%
(4.5
)%
4.5
%
(7.7
)%
5.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Six Months Ended
Six Months Ended
 
11/28/15
11/29/14
 
North America
ELA
Specialty
Consumer
Total
North America
ELA
Specialty
Consumer
Total
Net Sales, as reported
$
686.2

$
203.2

$
115.5

$
140.9

$
1,145.8

$
636.4

$
209.7

$
110.0

$
119.0

$
1,075.1

% change from PY
7.8
%
(3.1
)%
5.0
%
18.4
 %
6.6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency Translation Effects (1)
9.7

19.2

0.4

0.5

29.8






Acquisition



(30.2
)
(30.2
)





Organic net sales
$
695.9

$
222.4

$
115.9

$
111.2

$
1,145.4

$
636.4

$
209.7

$
110.0

$
119.0

$
1,075.1

% change from PY
9.3
%
6.1
 %
5.4
%
(6.6
)%
6.5
%
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Currency translation effects represent the estimated net impact of translating current period sales and orders using the average exchange rates applicable to the comparable prior year period




18



The following table reconciles Operating earnings to Adjusted operating earnings and Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
(Dollars in millions) 
November 28, 2015
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
November 29, 2014
Operating earnings
$
55.5

$
46.7

 
$
110.6

$
88.9

Percentage of net sales
9.6
%
8.3
%
 
9.7
%
8.3
%
Add: Acquisition-related inventory adjustments

4.8

 

7.8

Add: Acquisition expenses

0.2

 

2.2

Adjusted operating earnings
$
55.5

$
51.7

 
$
110.6

$
98.9

Percentage of net sales
9.6
%
9.1
%
 
9.7
%
9.2
%
Other income (expense), net
0.4

(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
(0.1
)
Add: Depreciation and amortization
13.9

13.2

 
27.6

25.2

Adjusted EBITDA
$
69.8

$
64.8

 
$
138.1

$
124.0

Percentage of net sales
12.0
%
11.5
%
 
12.1
%
11.5
%

The following table reconciles Earnings per share diluted to Adjusted earnings per share diluted for the periods indicated.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
November 29, 2014
Earnings (loss) per share – diluted
$
0.57

$
0.46

 
$
1.13

$
0.88

Add: Acquisition-related inventory adjustments

0.05

 

0.08

Add: Acquisition expenses


 

0.02

Adjusted earnings per share – diluted
$
0.57

$
0.51

 
$
1.13

$
0.98


Analysis of Second Quarter Results

The following table presents certain key highlights from the results of operations for the periods indicated.
(In millions, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
Percent
Change
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
Percent
Change
Net sales
$
580.4

 
$
565.4

 
2.7
 %
 
$
1,145.8

 
$
1,075.1

 
6.6
 %
Cost of sales
356.0

 
359.7

 
(1.0
)%
 
704.6

 
683.8

 
3.0
 %
Gross margin
224.4

 
205.7

 
9.1
 %
 
441.2

 
391.3

 
12.8
 %
Operating expenses
168.9

 
159.0

 
6.2
 %
 
330.6

 
302.4

 
9.3
 %
Operating earnings
55.5

 
46.7

 
18.8
 %
 
110.6

 
88.9

 
24.4
 %
Other expenses, net
3.5

 
4.7

 
(25.5
)%
 
7.9

 
9.4

 
(16.0
)%
Earnings before income taxes and equity income
52.0

 
42.0

 
23.8
 %
 
102.7

 
79.5

 
29.2
 %
Income tax expense
17.2

 
14.2

 
21.1
 %
 
34.2

 
26.6

 
28.6
 %
Equity earnings from nonconsolidated affiliates, net of tax
0.1

 

 
n/a
 
0.2

 
0.1

 
100.0
 %
Net earnings
$
34.9

 
$
27.8

 
25.5
 %
 
$
68.7

 
$
53.0

 
29.6
 %
Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.2

 

 
n/a

 
0.5

 

 
n/a

Net earnings attributable to Herman Miller, Inc.
$
34.7

 
$
27.8

 
24.8
 %
 
$
68.2

 
$
53.0

 
28.7
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share — diluted
$
0.57

 
$
0.46

 
23.9
 %
 
$
1.13

 
$
0.88

 
28.4
 %
Orders
$
601.4

 
$
572.1

 
5.1
 %
 
$
1,164.7

 
$
1,089.1

 
6.9
 %
Backlog
$
341.1

 
$
332.5

 
2.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, select components of the company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income as a percentage of net sales.

19



 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Net sales
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Cost of sales
61.3

 
63.6

 
61.5

 
63.6

Gross margin
38.7

 
36.4

 
38.5

 
36.4

Operating expenses
29.1

 
28.1

 
28.9

 
28.1

Operating earnings
9.6

 
8.3

 
9.7

 
8.3

Other expenses, net
0.6

 
0.8

 
0.7

 
0.9

Earnings before income taxes and equity income
9.0

 
7.4

 
9.0

 
7.4

Income tax expense
3.0

 
2.5

 
3.0

 
2.5

Equity earnings from nonconsolidated affiliates, net of tax

 

 

 

Net earnings
6.0

 
4.9

 
6.0

 
4.9

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Herman Miller, Inc.
6.0

 
4.9

 
6.0

 
4.9


Performance versus the Domestic Contract Furniture Industry

We monitor the trade statistics reported by BIFMA, the trade association for the United States domestic office furniture industry, and consider them an indicator of industry-wide sales and order performance in the U.S. BIFMA publishes statistical data for the contract segment within the United States furniture market. The United States contract segment is primarily composed of large to mid-size corporations serviced by a network of dealers. The office supply segment is primarily made up of smaller customers serviced by wholesalers and retailers. We primarily participate, and believe we are a leader in, the contract segment. While comparisons of our performance to BIFMA statistics are important, we continue to pursue a strategy of revenue diversification intended to make us less reliant on the drivers that impact BIFMA and lessen our dependence on the United States office furniture market.

We also use BIFMA statistical information as a benchmark for the performance of our domestic United States business (as defined by BIFMA), as well as the performance of our competitors. The timing of large project-based business may affect comparisons to this data. We remain cautious about reaching conclusions regarding changes in market share based on analysis of data on a short-term basis. Instead, we believe such conclusions should only be reached by analyzing comparative data over several quarters.

While the sales and order data for our North American reportable segment provide a relative comparison to BIFMA, it is not intended to be an exact comparison. The data we report to BIFMA is consistent with the BIFMA definition of office furniture “consumption.” This definition differs slightly from the categorization we have presented in this report. Notwithstanding this difference, we believe our presentation provides the reader with a relevant comparison.

For the three month period ended November 28, 2015, the company's domestic United States shipments, as defined by BIFMA, increased by 7.9 percent while the company's domestic orders increased 9.7 percent year-over-year. BIFMA reported an estimated year-over-year increase in shipments of 3.5 percent and an increase in orders of 1.2 percent for the comparable period.

Performance versus the Consumer Furnishings Sector

We also monitor trade statistics reported by the U.S. Census Bureau, which reports monthly retail sales growth data across a number of retail categories, including Furniture and Home Furnishing Stores. This information provides a relative comparison to our Consumer reportable segment, but is not intended to be an exact comparison. The average monthly year-over-year growth rate in sales for the Furniture and Home Furnishing Stores category for the three month period ended November 30, 2015 was approximately 6.2 percent. By comparison, net sales declined by approximately 8.1 percent in our Consumer segment for the three months ended November 28, 2015. Year-over-year comparisons of net sales within the Consumer segment were negatively impacted this quarter by the factors included within the Discussion of Current Business Conditions above.


20



Consolidated Sales

The following charts present graphically the primary drivers of the year-over-year change in net sales for the three and six-months ended November 28, 2015. The amounts presented in the bar graphs are expressed in millions and have been rounded to eliminate decimals.
Consolidated net sales increased $15.0 million or 2.7 percent for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2015. The following items led to the change:
Increased sales volume within the North American segment of approximately $39.1 million, which was driven by strategic actions taken to improve selling capacity, launch innovative products and refresh showrooms.
Decreased sales volume within the Consumer segment of $6.6 million, resulting from the factors included within the Discussion of Current Business Conditions above.
Decreased sales volume within the ELA segment of $5.5 million, primarily due to decreases within EMEA and Latin America.
Foreign currency translation had a negative impact on sales of $13.9 million.

Consolidated net sales increased $70.7 million or 6.6 percent in the first half of fiscal 2016 compared to the first half of fiscal 2015. The following items led to the change:
Increased sales volume within the North American segment of approximately $58.1 million, which was driven by strategic actions taken to improve selling capacity, launch innovative products and refresh showrooms.
Incremental sales volume within the Consumer segment related to the acquisition of DWR, which increased sales by $30.2 million.
Increased sales volume within the ELA segment of $12.7 million, driven by increases within Asia and Latin America.
Foreign currency translation had a negative impact on sales of $29.8 million.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting had a positive impact on sales of $3.0 million.

*Non-GAAP Financial Measure

21



Consolidated Gross Margin


Consolidated gross margin was 38.7 percent and 38.5 percent for the three and six month periods ending November 28, 2015 as compared to 36.4 percent for both the three and six month periods of the prior year. The following factors summarize the major drivers of the year-over-year change in gross margin percentage for the three and six month periods:

Inventory-related purchase accounting adjustments related to the acquisition of DWR unfavorably impacted gross margin in the prior year by approximately 80 basis points and 70 basis points for the three and six month periods, respectively.
We estimate that relative changes in foreign currency exchange rates had a negative impact on our consolidated gross margin of approximately 60 basis points in the current year (in both the three and six-month comparative periods).
We have recognized higher incentive compensation expenses through the first half of fiscal 2016 and this has reduced our consolidated gross margin by approximately 40 basis points relative to the three and six-month periods of last fiscal year.
Lower commodity costs within the North American segment in the current fiscal year drove a favorable year-over-year margin impact of approximately 90 basis points in the three month period. For the six month period, we estimate this impact to be closer to 80 basis points.
Other factors providing a favorable impact to gross margin during the three and six month comparative periods of the current year included production volume leverage at the company's West Michigan manufacturing facilities, decreased freight expenses driven mainly by lower fuel costs, and improved operating efficiencies at certain international and domestic subsidiaries.

Operating Expenses and Operating Earnings

The following charts present graphically the primary drivers of the year-over-year change in operating expenses for the three and six-months ended November 28, 2015. The amounts presented in the bar graphs are expressed in millions and have been rounded to eliminate decimals.
Consolidated operating expenses increased $9.9 million or 6.2% and $28.2 million or 9.3% in the second quarter and first half of fiscal 2016, respectively, compared to the prior year periods. The following factors contributed to the changes:

Employee incentive costs increased by $3.7 million and $7.2 million for the three and six month comparative periods. The increases reflect higher incentive compensation that are tied to increased earnings for the comparative periods.
Marketing and selling expenses increased $1.9 million and $2.4 million during the three and six month comparative periods. The increases resulted from new marketing initiatives, increases in selling capacity and sales growth during the comparative periods.
Design and research expenses increased by $1.3 million and $2.9 million during the three and six month comparative periods. The increase resulted from investments in product development initiatives covering a variety of targeted future launch dates.
The impact of foreign currency translation decreased operating expenses by $3.1 million and $6.4 million for the three and six month comparative periods.
The acquisition of DWR increased operating expenses by $11.5 million for the six month comparative period.
The remaining year-over-year operating expense change for both the three and six month periods relates to various contributing factors, including but not limited to higher costs for information technology initiatives, wage and benefit inflation, and general variability with higher net sales.


22



Operating earnings for the three and six month periods ended November 28, 2015 were $55.5 million or 9.6 percent of sales and $110.6 million or 9.7 percent of sales. This compares to $46.7 million or 8.3 percent of sales and $88.9 million or 8.3 percent of sales for the respective periods during the second quarter of last fiscal year.

Other Income/Expense and Income Taxes

Other expense of $7.9 million in the first six months of fiscal 2016 decreased $1.5 million compared to the same period in the prior year. Other expense for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 decreased $1.2 million compared to the same quarter in fiscal 2015. The decrease in other expenses for both the three and six month comparative periods was due primarily to a reduction in interest expense related to a decrease in long term debt. The reduction in long term debt resulted from both the repayment of borrowings on the revolving line of credit between the two comparative periods as well as the repayment of $50 million in senior notes during the third quarter of fiscal 2015. These notes were refinanced at a reduced rate of interest using the company’s revolving line of credit in January 2015.

The effective tax rates for the three month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 were 33.0 percent and 33.8 percent, respectively. The effective tax rates for the six month periods ended November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014 were 33.3 percent and 33.4 percent, respectively. The company's United States federal statutory rate is 35 percent. The current year rate is lower than the statutory rate primarily due to the manufacturing deduction under the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 ("AJCA") and the mix of earnings in taxing jurisdictions that have rates that are lower than the United States statutory rate. The prior year effective tax rate was lowered by the release of a valuation allowance against a foreign deferred tax asset related to financing costs as well as by the manufacturing deduction under the AJCA.

Subsequent to the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the President of the United States signed into law the renewal of the Research and Development tax credit legislation that had expired at the end of calendar year 2014. This legislation will allow the company to take advantage of tax credits on its research and development activities, thereby reducing its effective tax rate in future periods.

Reportable Operating Segment Results
Three and Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
(in millions)

The business is comprised of various operating segments as defined by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. These operating segments are determined on the basis of how the company internally reports and evaluates financial information used to make operating decisions. For external reporting purposes, the company has identified the following reportable segments:
North American Furniture Solutions — Includes the operations associated with the design, manufacture, and sale of furniture products for work-related settings, including office, education, and healthcare environments, throughout the United States and Canada.
ELA Furniture Solutions — Includes EMEA, Latin America, and Asia-Pacific operations associated with the design, manufacture and sale of furniture products, primarily for work-related settings.
Specialty — Includes operations associated with the design, manufacture, and sale of high-craft furniture products and textiles including Geiger wood products, Maharam textiles, and Herman Miller Collection products.
Consumer — Includes operations associated with the sale of modern design furnishings and accessories to third party retail distributors, as well as direct-to-consumer sales through eCommerce and DWR retail studios and outlets.

The charts below present the relative mix of net sales across each of the company's reportable segments during fiscal 2016 to date. This is followed by a discussion of the company's results, by segment, for each reportable segment for the three and six months ended November 28, 2015.

23



North American Furniture Solutions ("North America")

Three Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $348.1 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, an increase of 10.4 percent from the second quarter of fiscal 2015. Orders totaled $349.2 million an increase of 9.4 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 were $41.4 million or 11.9 percent of sales as compared to $32.3 million or 10.2 percent of sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.
Sales volumes within the North American segment increased by $39.1 million. This was driven by a combination of general market growth and company-specific actions taken to improve selling capacity, launch innovative products, and refresh showrooms.
Incremental discounting, net of price increases, drove a decrease in sales of approximately $1.4 million.
The impact of foreign currency translation decreased net sales by approximately $4.9 million.
The increase in operating earnings was driven primarily by a decrease in commodity and freight costs and improved production volume leverage.
The impact of foreign currency translation had an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of approximately $3 million.
Higher incentive compensation expenses had an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of $6.2 million.


Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $686.2 million for the first six months of fiscal 2016, an increase of 7.8 percent from the same period of the prior year. Orders totaled $681.1 million, an increase of 7.8 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the first six months of fiscal 2016 were $82.2 million or 12.0 percent of sales as compared to $68.5 million or 10.8 percent of sales in same period of the prior year.

Sales volume increased within the North American segment by $58.1 million. This was driven by the same factors cited above for the three-months ended November 28, 2015.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting, drove an increase in sales of approximately $1.4 million.
The impact of foreign currency translation decreased net sales by approximately $9.7 million.
The increase in operating earnings was driven primarily by increased production volume leverage, a decrease in material costs, and improved operational efficiency.
The impact of foreign currency translation had an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of approximately $6 million.
Higher incentive compensation expenses had an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of $9.7 million.

ELA Furniture Solutions ("ELA")

Three Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $100.7 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, a decrease of 11.9 percent from the second quarter of fiscal 2015. Orders totaled $112.7 million an increase of 0.3 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 were $7.3 million or 7.2 percent of sales as compared to $10.4 million or 9.1 percent of sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.

The impact of foreign currency translation decreased net sales by approximately $8.5 million.
A decline in sales volumes within the EMEA and Latin American regions drove a decrease in net sales of approximately $8.0 million. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in sales volumes in the Asia-Pacific region, which increased net sales by approximately $2.9 million.
Foreign currency translation provided an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of approximately $3 million.
Improved manufacturing efficiency as well as decreased material and freight costs provided a favorable impact on operating earnings.

Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $203.2 million for the first six months of fiscal 2016, representing a decrease of 3.1 percent from the same period last fiscal year. Orders during this period totaled $220.9 million, a decrease of 1.5 percent from the year ago period. Operating earnings for the first six months of fiscal 2016 were $13.9 million or 6.8 percent of sales as compared to $13.5 million or 6.4 percent of sales in same period of the prior year.

The impact of foreign currency translation decreased net sales by approximately $19.2 million.
Growth in sales volumes within the Asia and Latin America regions, primarily within Australia and Mexico, drove an increase in net sales of approximately $18.5 million. This increase was offset by lower sales volumes within the EMEA region, which drove a decrease in net sales of approximately $5.8 million.
Foreign currency translation drove an unfavorable impact on operating earnings of approximately $7 million.
Factors such as improved manufacturing efficiency, decreased material costs, and a favorable shift in the mix of product into higher margin seating categories favorably impacted operating earnings.

24




Specialty

Three Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $57.7 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, an increase of 4.2 percent from the second quarter of fiscal 2015. Orders totaled $61.3 million an increase of 15.2 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 were $4.2 million or 7.3 percent of sales as compared to $2.8 million or 5.1 percent of sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.

Improved sales volumes drove an increase in net sales of $1.9 million, primarily from increases within the Maharam and Herman Miller Collection businesses.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting, increased sales by approximately $0.6 million.
Increased sales volumes and improved operational efficiencies had a favorable impact on operating earnings.

Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $115.5 million for the first six months of fiscal 2016, an increase of 5.0 percent from the same period of the prior year. Orders totaled $119.7 million an increase of 8.5 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the first six months of fiscal 2016 were $8.5 million or 7.4 percent of sales as compared to $5.7 million or 5.2 percent of sales in same period of the prior year.

Improved sales volumes drove an increase in net sales of $4.5 million, driven by increases in the Maharam, Geiger and Herman Miller Collection businesses.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting drove an increase in sales of approximately $1.4 million.
Increased sales volumes and improved operational efficiencies had a favorable impact on operating earnings.

Consumer

Three Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $73.9 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2016, a decrease of 8.1 percent from the second quarter of fiscal 2015. Orders of $78.2 million decreased 10.3 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 were $2.7 million or 3.7 percent of sales as compared to 1.5 million or 1.9 percent of sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2015.

The decrease in sales volume of $6.6 million was driven by the factors included in the Discussion of Current Business Conditions above.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting, increased sales by $0.4 million.
The increase in operating earnings was driven primarily by acquisition-related inventory adjustments recorded during the second quarter of last year.

Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
Net sales totaled $140.9 million for the first six months of fiscal 2016, an increase of 18.4 percent from the same period of the prior year. Orders totaled $143.0 million, an increase of 16.6 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating earnings for the first six months of fiscal 2016 were $6.5 million or 4.6 percent of sales as compared to $3.8 million or 3.2 percent of sales in same period of the prior year.

The six month period ended November 29, 2014 included 18 weeks of DWR operations (as the acquisition of DWR was completed on July 28, 2014). Accordingly, approximately $30 million of the year-over-year sales increase for this segment is due to this inclusion of DWR operations for the full quarter in the current year.
Adjusted for the impact of this partial period consolidation in the first six months of last fiscal year, net sales for the Consumer segment decreased $8.6 million. This was driven by the same factors cited within the Discussion of Current Business Conditions above.
Price increases, net of incremental discounting, increased sales by approximately $0.8 million.
For the first six months of fiscal 2016, sales increased $30.2 million due to the acquisition of DWR during the first quarter of fiscal 2015.
The increase in operating earnings was driven primarily by acquisition-related inventory adjustments recorded during the prior year.


25



Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources
Three and Six Months Ended November 28, 2015
(in millions)

The table below presents certain key cash flow and capital highlights for the periods indicated.
(In millions)
Six Months Ended
 
November 28, 2015
 
November 29, 2014
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
54.7

 
$
64.7

Marketable securities, end of period
5.4

 
6.6

Cash provided by operating activities
73.2

 
80.7

Cash used in investing activities
(34.7
)
 
(176.5
)
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(47.3
)
 
58.5

Capital expenditures
(35.2
)
 
(26.7
)
Stock repurchased and retired
(3.7
)
 
(3.2
)
Common stock issued
5.6

 
5.7

Dividends paid
(17.2
)
 
(16.6
)
Interest-bearing debt, end of period
256.8

 
326.8

Available unsecured credit facility, end of period (1)
$
184.4

 
$
162.4

(1) Amounts shown are net of outstanding letters of credit of $8.6 million and $10.6 million as of November 28, 2015 and November 29, 2014, respectively, which are applied against the company's unsecured credit facility.

Cash Flows - Operating Activities


Six Month Period Ended November 28, 2015
Cash generated from operating activities was $73.2 million for the six month period ended November 28, 2015, as compared to $80.7 million in the same quarter of the prior year. During the current six month period, changes in working capital balances drove a use of cash totaling $31.2 million. The main factors driving this use of cash from working capital were an increase in accounts receivable of $32.0 million, an increase in inventory of $4.2 million and an increase in prepaid expenses of $6.0 million, and a decrease in accounts payable of $7.2 million. These factors more than offset drivers within working capital that increased cash, including an increase in accrued compensation and benefits of $7.1 million, and an increase in accrued taxes of $5.2 million.

Six Month Period Ended November 29, 2014
Changes in working capital during the first six months of fiscal 2015 generated $1.6 million of cash. This was due to a decrease in prepaid expenses of $3.0 million and an increase in other accrued liabilities of $7.0 million. These factors more than offset drivers within working capital that decreased cash, such as an increase in inventory of $3.2 million, an increase in accounts receivable of $1.6 million and a decrease in accrued compensation and benefits of $3.7 million.

Cash Flows - Investing Activities


Investing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2016 resulted in a net cash outflow of $34.7 million as compared to a net cash outflow of $176.5 million in the same period of the prior year. The largest contributor to the change in cash used in investing activities as compared to the prior year was the acquisition of DWR during fiscal 2015, which resulted in a cash outflow of $154.0 million.

The company had cash outflows for the purchase of $35.2 million of capital assets in the first six months of fiscal 2016 compared to $26.7 million during the first six months of the prior year. At the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2016, there were outstanding commitments for capital purchases of $11.4 million compared to $11.5 million at the corresponding date in the prior year. The company expects full-year capital purchases to be between $70.0 million and $80.0 million, which will be primarily related to investments in the company's facilities and equipment. This compares to full-year capital spending of $63.6 million in fiscal 2015.


26



Cash Flows - Financing Activities


Cash outflows from financing activities were $47.3 million for the first six months of fiscal 2016 compared to cash inflows of $58.5 million during the same period of the prior year. Cash outflows from net repayments on our revolving credit facility were $33.0 million during the six-month period of fiscal 2016. By comparison, cash inflows from net borrowings were $77.0 million during the same period of fiscal 2015. Cash outflows for dividend payments were $17.2 million and $16.6 million for the six month periods of fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively. Cash inflows for stock issuances related to employee benefit programs were $5.6 million and $5.7 million during the six month periods of fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, respectively.

Sources of Liquidity


In addition to cash flows from operating activities, the company has access to liquidity through credit facilities, cash and cash equivalents, and short-term investments. These sources have been summarized below. For additional information, refer to Note 13 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
(In millions)
November 28, 2015
November 29, 2014
Cash and cash equivalents
$
54.7

$
64.7

Marketable securities
5.4

6.6

Availability under syndicated revolving line of credit
$
184.4

$
162.4


At the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the company had cash and cash equivalents of $54.7 million including $50.6 million of cash and cash equivalents held outside the United States. In addition, the company had marketable securities of $5.4 million held by one of its international subsidiaries. The subsidiary holding the company's marketable securities is taxed as a United States taxpayer at the company's election; consequently, for tax purposes, all United States tax impacts for this subsidiary have been recorded.

The company has plans to repatriate a negligible amount of available earnings from its Luxembourg subsidiary during fiscal 2016. As a result of this repatriation, the company will record a tax benefit of $1.0 million during fiscal 2016 related to the change in the company's assertion that the earnings from its Luxembourg subsidiary are permanently reinvested outside of the United States. Other than this, the company does not have plans to repatriate cash from foreign subsidiaries during fiscal 2016.

The company has $10.8 million of cash held outside of the United States for which United States taxes have been recorded. The company's intent is to permanently reinvest the remainder of the cash outside of the United States. The company's plans do not indicate a need to repatriate these balances to fund United States operations.

The company believes cash on hand, cash generated from operations, and the borrowing capacity will provide adequate liquidity to fund near term and future business operations, capital needs, future dividends and share repurchases, subject to financing availability in the marketplace.

Contractual Obligations

Contractual obligations associated with ongoing business and financing activities will require cash payments in future periods. A table summarizing the amounts and estimated timing of these future cash payments was provided in the company's annual report on Form 10-K filing for the year ended May 30, 2015.

Guarantees

The company provides certain guarantees to third parties under various arrangements in the form of product warranties, loan guarantees, standby letters of credit, lease guarantees, performance bonds and indemnification provisions. These arrangements are accounted for and disclosed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 460, Guarantees, as described in Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Variable Interest Entities

On occasion, the company provides financial support to certain independent dealers in the form of term loans, lines of credit, and/or loan guarantees that may represent variable interests in such entities. As of November 28, 2015, the company was not considered to be the primary beneficiary of any such dealer relationships under FASB ASC Topic 810, Consolidation. Accordingly, the company is not required to consolidate the financial statements of any of these entities as of November 28, 2015.

27



Contingencies

See Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies

The company strives to report financial results clearly and understandably. The company follows accounting principles generally accepted in the United States in preparing its consolidated financial statements, which require certain estimates and judgments that affect the financial position and results of operations for the company. The company continually reviews the accounting policies and financial information disclosures. A summary of the more significant accounting policies that require the use of estimates and judgments in preparing the financial statements is provided in the company's annual report on Form 10-K filing for the year ended May 30, 2015. During the first six months of fiscal 2016, there were no material changes in the accounting policies and assumptions previously disclosed.

New Accounting Standards

See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Safe Harbor Provisions

Certain statements in this filing are not historical facts but are “forward-looking statements” as defined under Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended, that are based on management’s beliefs, assumptions, current expectations, estimates, and projections about the office furniture industry, the economy, and the company itself. Words like “anticipates,” “believes,” “confident,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” likely,” “plans,” “projects,” and “should,” variations of such words, and similar expressions identify such forward-looking statements. These statements do not guarantee future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict with regard to timing, extent, likeli