10-Q 1 cvs20150930-10q.htm 10-Q 10-Q


 
UNITED STATES
 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
 
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
FORM 10-Q

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2015
 
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to _________.

Commission File Number 001-01011
  
CVS HEALTH CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
   
Delaware
 
 
 
05-0494040
(State of Incorporation)
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
One CVS Drive, Woonsocket, Rhode Island 02895
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:  (401) 765-1500
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes[X] No [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer [X]
 
Accelerated filer [   ]
Non-accelerated filer [   ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]
 
Common Stock, $0.01 par value, issued and outstanding at October 23, 2015:
 
1,107,317,129 shares
 




INDEX
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





Part I
 
Item 1

 
CVS Health Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In millions, except per share amounts
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
38,644

 
$
35,021

 
$
112,144

 
$
102,312

Cost of revenues
31,983

 
28,553

 
92,917

 
83,578

Gross profit
6,661

 
6,468

 
19,227

 
18,734

Operating expenses
4,330

 
4,222

 
12,502

 
12,256

Operating profit
2,331

 
2,246

 
6,725

 
6,478

Interest expense, net
261

 
153

 
562

 
469

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
521

 

 
521

Income before income tax provision
2,070

 
1,572

 
6,163

 
5,488

Income tax provision
833

 
624

 
2,433

 
2,165

Income from continuing operations
1,237

 
948

 
3,730

 
3,323

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
10

 

 
10

 

Net income
1,247

 
948

 
3,740

 
3,323

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

Net income attributable to CVS Health
$
1,246

 
$
948

 
$
3,739

 
$
3,323

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Income from continuing operations attributable to CVS Health
$
1.10

 
$
0.82

 
$
3.31

 
$
2.84

Income from discontinued operations attributable to CVS Health
$
0.01

 
$

 
$
0.01

 
$

Net income attributable to CVS Health
$
1.11

 
$
0.82

 
$
3.32

 
$
2.84

Weighted average basic shares outstanding
1,114

 
1,157

 
1,122

 
1,167

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to CVS Health
$
1.10

 
$
0.81

 
$
3.28

 
$
2.82

Income from discontinued operations attributable to CVS Health
$
0.01

 
$

 
$
0.01

 
$

Net income attributable to CVS Health
$
1.11

 
$
0.81

 
$
3.29

 
$
2.82

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
1,121

 
1,164

 
1,130

 
1,175

Dividends declared per share
$
0.350

 
$
0.275

 
$
1.050

 
$
0.825

  
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


3



CVS Health Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,247

 
$
948

 
$
3,740

 
$
3,323

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(61
)
 
(29
)
 
(100
)
 
(14
)
Cash flow hedges, net of tax

 
1

 
1

 
3

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
(61
)
 
(28
)
 
(99
)
 
(11
)
Comprehensive income
1,186

 
920

 
3,641

 
3,312

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

Comprehensive income attributable to CVS Health
$
1,185

 
$
920

 
$
3,640

 
$
3,312

 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


4



CVS Health Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
In millions, except per share amounts
September 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2,890

 
$
2,481

Short-term investments
121

 
34

Accounts receivable, net
12,804

 
9,687

Inventories
13,282

 
11,930

Deferred income taxes
1,077

 
985

Other current assets
579

 
866

Total current assets
30,753

 
25,983

Property and equipment, net
9,494

 
8,843

Goodwill
37,135

 
28,142

Intangible assets, net
13,504

 
9,774

Other assets
1,476

 
1,445

Total assets
$
92,362

 
$
74,187

 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
7,064

 
$
6,547

Claims and discounts payable
7,283

 
5,404

Accrued expenses
6,636

 
5,816

Short-term debt

 
685

Current portion of long-term debt
451

 
575

Total current liabilities
21,434

 
19,027

Long-term debt
26,771

 
11,630

Deferred income taxes
5,449

 
4,036

Other long-term liabilities
1,528

 
1,531

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 

 
 

CVS Health shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.01: 0.1 share authorized; none issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.01: 3,200 shares authorized; 1,698 shares issued and 1,110
 
 
 
shares outstanding at September 30, 2015 and 1,691 shares issued and 1,140 shares
 
 
 
outstanding at December 31, 2014
17

 
17

Treasury stock, at cost: 587 shares at September 30, 2015 and 550 shares at December 31,
 
 
 
2014
(27,899
)
 
(24,078
)
Shares held in trust: 1 share at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
(31
)
 
(31
)
Capital surplus
31,005

 
30,418

Retained earnings
34,398

 
31,849

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(316
)
 
(217
)
Total CVS Health shareholders’ equity
37,174

 
37,958

Noncontrolling interest
6

 
5

Total shareholders’ equity
37,180

 
37,963

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
92,362

 
$
74,187

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


5



CVS Health Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Cash receipts from customers
$
108,324

 
$
95,816

Cash paid for inventory and prescriptions dispensed by retail network pharmacies
(89,530
)
 
(77,067
)
Cash paid to other suppliers and employees
(11,240
)
 
(11,267
)
Interest received
15

 
11

Interest paid
(423
)
 
(458
)
Income taxes paid
(2,305
)
 
(2,321
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
4,841

 
4,714

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Purchases of property and equipment
(1,490
)
 
(1,436
)
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions
34

 
328

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment and other assets
28

 
8

Acquisitions (net of cash acquired) and other investments
(9,503
)
 
(2,392
)
Purchase of available-for-sale investments
(184
)
 
(161
)
Sales/maturities of available-for-sale investments
115

 
119

Net cash used in investing activities
(11,000
)
 
(3,534
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Increase (decrease) in short-term debt
(685
)
 
775

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
14,808

 
1,483

Repayments of long-term debt
(2,898
)
 
(3,086
)
Dividends paid
(1,185
)
 
(971
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
277

 
378

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
132

 
89

Repurchase of common stock
(3,871
)
 
(2,801
)
Other
(2
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
6,576

 
(4,133
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(8
)
 
(4
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
409

 
(2,957
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
2,481

 
4,089

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
2,890

 
$
1,132

 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Net income
$
3,740

 
$
3,323

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
1,510

 
1,442

Stock-based compensation
175

 
121

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
521

Deferred income taxes and other noncash items
(184
)
 
(64
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable, net
(2,530
)
 
(1,872
)
Inventories
(893
)
 
(449
)
Other current assets
591

 
(160
)
Other assets
(13
)
 
(19
)
Accounts payable and claims and discounts payable
2,038

 
1,222

Accrued expenses
523

 
676

Other long-term liabilities
(116
)
 
(27
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
4,841

 
$
4,714

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6



CVS Health Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1 – Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of CVS Health Corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively “CVS Health” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. In accordance with such rules and regulations, certain information and accompanying note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, although the Company believes the disclosures included herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, which are included in Exhibit 13 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (“2014 Form 10-K”).

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. Because of the influence of various factors on the Company’s operations, including business combinations, certain holidays and other seasonal influences, net income for any interim period may not be comparable to the same interim period in previous years or necessarily indicative of income for the full year.

Principles of Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its majority-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

The Company continually evaluates its investments to determine if they represent variable interests in a VIE. If the Company determines that it has a variable interest in a VIE, the Company then evaluates if it is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The evaluation is a qualitative assessment as to whether the Company has the ability to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. The Company consolidates a VIE if it is considered to be the primary beneficiary.

Assets and liabilities of VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary were not significant to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. VIE creditors do not have recourse against the general credit of the Company.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The Company utilizes the three-level valuation hierarchy for the recognition and disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of assets and liabilities within this hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy consist of the following:
 
Level 1 – Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.
 
Level 2 – Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument.

Level 3 – Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based upon management’s best estimate of inputs market participants could use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions about risk.
 
As of September 30, 2015, the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximated their fair value due to the nature of these financial instruments. The Company invests in money

7



market funds, commercial paper and time deposits that are classified as cash and cash equivalents within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets, as these funds are highly liquid and readily convertible to known amounts of cash. These investments are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued using quoted market prices. The Company’s short-term investments of $121 million at September 30, 2015, consist of certificates of deposit with initial maturities of greater than three months when purchased that mature within one year from the balance sheet date. These investments, which are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy, are carried at fair value, which approximated historical cost at September 30, 2015. The carrying amount and estimated fair value of the Company’s total long-term debt was $27.2 billion and $28.5 billion, respectively, as of September 30, 2015. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was estimated based on quoted prices currently offered in active markets for the Company’s debt, which is considered Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

Related Party Transactions

The Company has an equity method investment in SureScripts, LLC (“SureScripts”), which operates a clinical health information network. The Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments utilize this clinical health information network in providing services to client plan members and retail customers. The Company expensed fees of approximately $16 million and $7 million in the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $37 million and $34 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, for the use of this network.

The Company’s investment in SureScripts, and equity in earnings in SureScripts, for all periods presented is immaterial.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU No. 2014-09 outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. This new guidance is expected to be effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning January 1, 2018; early adoption in 2017 is permitted. Companies have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt the guidance. This update could impact the timing and amounts of revenue recognized. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this update will have on its consolidated financial position and results of operations upon adoption, as well as the method of transition and required disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (Topic 835-30). ASU No. 2015-03 requires the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability rather than as an asset. Amortization of such costs is reported as interest expense, which is consistent with the Company’s current policy. This change conforms the presentation of debt issuance costs with that of debt discounts. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2015; early adoption is permitted. The guidance is required to be applied retrospectively to all prior periods. The Company has early adopted this standard as of June 30, 2015. The effect of the adoption of ASU 2015-03 on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet is a reduction of noncurrent assets and long-term debt of $65 million as of December 31, 2014. The following is a reconciliation of the effect of this reclassification on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014:
In millions
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Revised
Other assets
 
$
1,510

 
$
(65
)
 
$
1,445

Total assets
 
74,252

 
(65
)
 
74,187

Long-term debt
 
11,695

 
(65
)
 
11,630

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
74,252

 
(65
)
 
74,187


In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments. ASU No. 2015-16 requires that an acquirer recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period after an acquisition within the reporting period they are determined. This is a change from the previous requirement that the adjustments be recorded retrospectively. The ASU also requires disclosure of the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization or other income effects, if any, as a result of the adjustment to the provisional amounts, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods (including

8



interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2015; early adoption is permitted. The Company has early adopted the ASU as of September 30, 2015. The adoption did not have a material effect on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

Note 2 – Changes in Accounting Principle

Effective January 1, 2015, the Company changed its methods of accounting for “front store” inventories in the Retail/LTC Segment. Prior to 2015, the Company valued front store inventories at the lower of cost or market on a first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) basis in retail stores using the retail inventory method and in distribution centers using the FIFO cost method. Effective January 1, 2015, all front store inventories in the Retail/LTC Segment have been valued at the lower of cost or market using the weighted average cost method. These changes affected approximately 36% of consolidated inventories.

These changes were made primarily to provide the Company with better information to manage its retail front store operations and to bring all of the Company’s inventories to a common inventory valuation methodology. The Company believes the weighted average cost method is preferable to the retail inventory method and the FIFO cost method because it results in greater precision in the determination of cost of revenues and inventories at the stock keeping unit (“SKU”) level and results in a consistent inventory valuation method for all of the Company’s inventories as all of the Company’s remaining inventories, which consist of prescription drugs, were already being valued using the weighted average cost method.

The Company recorded the cumulative effect of these changes in accounting principle as of January 1, 2015. The Company determined that retrospective application for periods prior to 2015 is impracticable, as the period-specific information necessary to value front store inventories in the Retail/LTC Segment under the weighted average cost method is unavailable. The Company implemented a new perpetual inventory system to manage front store inventory at the SKU level and valued front store inventory as of January 1, 2015 and calculated the cumulative impact. The effect of these changes in accounting principle as of January 1, 2015, was a decrease in inventories of $7 million, an increase in current deferred income tax assets of $3 million and a decrease in retained earnings of $4 million.

Had the Company not made these changes in accounting principle, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, income from continuing operations would have been lower by $2 million and $10 million, respectively. Basic earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to CVS Health for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to CVS Health for the three months ended September 30, 2015, would have been the same as reported. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations attributable to CVS Health would have been approximately $0.01 per share lower for the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

Note 3 – Acquisitions

Omnicare Acquisition

On August 18, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding common shares and voting interests of Omnicare, Inc. (“Omnicare”), for $98 per share for a total of $9.6 billion and assumed long-term debt with a fair value of approximately $3.1 billion. Additionally, holders of Omnicare restricted stock units and performance based restricted stock units received 738,765 CVS Health Corporation restricted stock awards with a fair value of approximately $80 million as replacement awards. Omnicare is a leading health care services company that specializes in the management of complex pharmaceutical care. Omnicare’s long-term care (“LTC”) business is the nation’s largest provider of pharmaceuticals, related pharmacy consulting and other ancillary services to chronic care facilities and other care settings. In addition, Omnicare has a specialty pharmacy business operating under the name of Advanced Care Scripts®, and provides commercialization services operating under the name of RxCrossroads®. The Company will include LTC and the commercialization services in its former Retail Pharmacy Segment, which has been renamed the “Retail/LTC Segment,” and will include the specialty pharmacy business in its Pharmacy Services Segment. The Company acquired Omnicare to expand its operations in dispensing prescription drugs to assisted-living and long-term care facilities, and to broaden its presence in the specialty pharmacy business as the Company seeks to serve a greater percentage of the growing senior patient population in the United States.


9



The fair value of the consideration transferred on the date of acquisition consisted of the following:
(in millions)
 
Cash paid to Omnicare shareholders
$
9,636

Fair value of replacement equity awards issued to Omnicare employees
 
for precombination services
9

Total consideration
$
9,645

The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:
(in millions)
 
Current assets (including cash of $298)
$
1,682

Property and equipment
314

Goodwill
9,035

Intangible assets
3,962

Other noncurrent assets
64

Current liabilities
(704
)
Long-term debt
(3,110
)
Deferred income tax liabilities
(1,533
)
Other noncurrent liabilities
(65
)
Total consideration
$
9,645


The assessment of fair value is preliminary and is based on information that was available to management at the time the condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared. Accordingly, such amounts may change. The most significant open items included the accounting for deferred income taxes and contingencies as management is awaiting additional information to complete its assessment of these matters. The goodwill represents future economic benefits expected to arise from the Company’s expanded presence in the pharmaceutical care market, the assembled workforce acquired, expected purchasing and revenue synergies, as well as operating efficiencies and cost savings. Goodwill of $8.6 billion was allocated to the Retail/LTC Segment and the remaining goodwill of $0.4 billion was allocated to the Pharmacy Services Segment. Approximately $0.4 billion of the goodwill is deductible for income tax purposes. Intangible assets acquired include customer relationships and trade names of $3.9 billion and $74 million, respectively, with estimated weighted average useful lives of 19.1 and 2.9 years, respectively, and 18.8 years in total.

The fair value of trade accounts receivable acquired is $600 million, with the gross contractual amount being $857 million. The Company expects $257 million of trade accounts receivable to be uncollectible. The fair value of other receivables acquired is $147 million, with the gross contractual amount being $161 million. The Company expects $14 million of other receivables to be uncollectible.

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company incurred transaction costs of $52 million and $68 million, respectively, associated with the acquisition of Omnicare that were recorded within operating expenses.

The Company’s consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, include $710 million of revenue and a net loss of $3 million associated with the operating results of Omnicare from August 18, 2015 to September 30, 2015. These Omnicare operating results include severance costs and accelerated stock-based compensation.

The following unaudited pro forma information presents a summary of the Company’s combined results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 as if the Omnicare acquisition and the related financing transactions had occurred on January 1, 2014. The following pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations as they would have been had the transactions been effected on the assumed date, nor is it necessarily an indication of trends in future results for a number of reasons, including, but not limited to, differences between the assumptions used to prepare the pro forma information, basic shares outstanding and dilutive equivalents, cost savings from operating efficiencies, potential synergies, and the impact of incremental costs incurred in integrating the businesses.


10



 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Total revenues
$
39,374

 
$
36,390

 
$
115,652

 
$
106,391

Income from continuing operations
1,318

 
929

 
3,774

 
3,261

Basic earnings per share from continuing operations
$
1.18

 
$
0.80

 
$
3.35

 
$
2.78

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$
1.17

 
$
0.79

 
$
3.32

 
$
2.76


Pro forma income from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, excludes $113 million and $129 million, respectively, related to severance costs, accelerated stock-based compensation and transaction costs incurred in connection with the Omnicare acquisition. Pro forma income from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, includes a $521 million loss on the early extinguishment of debt recorded by CVS Health.

Proposed Target Pharmacy Asset Acquisition

On June 12, 2015, CVS Pharmacy, Inc. (“CVS Pharmacy”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVS Health, entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Target Corporation (“Target”) pursuant to which Target agreed to sell its pharmacy and clinic businesses to CVS Pharmacy (the “Target Pharmacy Acquisition”). The purchase price is $1.887 billion, payable in cash at closing and is subject to certain adjustments. The timing of the closing is uncertain, and is subject to receipt of regulatory approval and other customary conditions.

Note 4 – Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill and indefinitely-lived trade names are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment reviews, or more frequent reviews if events or circumstances indicate there may be impairment. During the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company performed its required annual impairment tests and concluded there was no impairment of goodwill or trade names. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful life.

Below is a summary of the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2015:
In millions
Pharmacy Services
 
Retail/LTC
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2014
$
21,234

 
$
6,908

 
$
28,142

Acquisition
444

 
8,591

 
9,035

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(40
)
 
(40
)
Other (1)
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
Balance, September 30, 2015
$
21,677

 
$
15,458

 
$
37,135


(1) "Other" represents immaterial purchase accounting adjustments for acquisitions.

The increase in goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 primarily relates to the Omnicare acquisition.

The following is a summary of the Company's intangible assets as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
September 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
In millions
Gross
Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross
Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
Trademarks (indefinitely-lived)
$
6,398

 
$

 
$
6,398

 
$
6,398

 
$

 
$
6,398

Customer contracts and
  relationships and covenants not
  to compete
10,536

 
(3,921
)
 
6,615

 
6,521

 
(3,549
)
 
2,972

Favorable leases and other
1,087

 
(596
)
 
491

 
880

 
(476
)
 
404

 
$
18,021

 
$
(4,517
)
 
$
13,504

 
$
13,799

 
$
(4,025
)
 
$
9,774


11




The Company amortizes intangible assets with finite lives over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets, which have a weighted average useful life of 15.6 years. The weighted average useful lives of the Company's customer contracts and relationships and covenants not to compete are 15.6 years. The amortization expense related to finite-lived intangible assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 was $160 million and $419 million, respectively. The amortization expense related to finite-lived intangible assets for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $126 million and $391 million, respectively.

Note 5 – Borrowings

The following table is a summary of the Company's borrowings as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:

12



In millions 
September 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Commercial paper
$

 
$
685

3.25% senior notes due 2015

 
550

1.2% senior notes due 2016
750

 
750

6.125% senior notes due 2016
421

 
421

5.75% senior notes due 2017
1,080

 
1,080

1.9% senior notes due 2018
2,250

 

2.25% senior notes due 2018
1,250

 
1,250

2.25% senior notes due 2019
850

 
850

6.6% senior notes due 2019
394

 
394

2.8% senior notes due 2020
2,750

 

4.75% senior notes due 2020
450

 
450

4.125% senior notes due 2021
550

 
550

2.75% senior notes due 2022
1,250

 
1,250

3.5% senior notes due 2022
1,500

 

4.75% senior notes due 2022
400

 

4% senior notes due 2023
1,250

 
1,250

3.375% senior notes due 2024
650

 
650

5% senior notes due 2024
300

 

3.875% senior notes due 2025
3,000

 

6.25% senior notes due 2027
453

 
453

3.25% senior debentures due 2035
4

 

3.25% senior exchange debentures due 2035
5

 

4.875% senior notes due 2035
2,000

 

6.125% senior notes due 2039
734

 
734

5.75% senior notes due 2041
493

 
493

5.3% senior notes due 2043
750

 
750

5.125% senior notes due 2045
3,500

 

Capital lease obligations
393

 
391

Other
28

 
41

Total debt principal
27,455

 
12,992

Debt premiums
45

 

Debt discounts and deferred financing costs
(278
)
 
(102
)
 
27,222

 
12,890

Less:
 
 
 
Short-term debt (commercial paper)

 
(685
)
Current portion of long-term debt
(451
)
 
(575
)
Long-term debt
$
26,771

 
$
11,630


On May 20, 2015, in connection with the acquisition of Omnicare, the Company entered into a $13 billion unsecured bridge loan facility. The Company paid approximately $52 million in fees in connection with the facility. The fees were capitalized and amortized as interest expense over the period the bridge facility was outstanding. The bridge loan facility expired on July 20, 2015 upon the Company’s issuance of unsecured senior notes with an aggregate principal of $15 billion as discussed below. The bridge loan facility fees were fully amortized during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.

On July 20, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of $2.25 billion of 1.9% unsecured senior notes due 2018 (“2018 Notes”), an aggregate of $2.75 billion of 2.8% unsecured senior notes due 2020 (“2020 Notes”), an aggregate of $1.5 billion of 3.5%

13



unsecured senior notes due 2022 (“2022 Notes”), an aggregate of $3 billion of 3.875% unsecured senior notes due 2025 (“2025 Notes”), an aggregate of $2 billion of 4.875% unsecured senior notes due 2035 (“2035 Notes”), and an aggregate of $3.5 billion of 5.125% unsecured senior notes due 2045 (“2045 Notes” and, together with the 2018 Notes, 2020 Notes, 2022 Notes, 2025 Notes and 2035 Notes, the “Notes”) for total proceeds of approximately $14.8 billion, net of discounts and underwriting fees. The Notes pay interest semi-annually and contain redemption terms which allow or require the Company to redeem the Notes at a defined redemption price plus accrued and unpaid interest at the redemption date. The net proceeds of the Notes were used to fund the Omnicare acquisition and will be used to fund the Target Pharmacy Acquisition. Any remaining proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes.

Upon the closing of the Omnicare acquisition in August 2015, the Company assumed the long-term debt of Omnicare that had a fair value of approximately $3.1 billion, $2 billion of which was previously convertible into Omnicare shares that holders were able to redeem subsequent to the acquisition. During the period from August 18, 2015 to September 30, 2015, all but $9 million of the $2 billion of previously convertible debt was redeemed and repaid and approximately $0.4 billion in Omnicare term debt assumed was repaid for total repayments of Omnicare debt of approximately $2.4 billion during the third quarter of 2015. The remaining principal of the Omnicare debt assumed is comprised of senior unsecured notes with an aggregate principal amount of $700 million ($400 million of 4.75% senior notes due 2022 and $300 million of 5% senior notes due 2024). In September 2015, the Company commenced exchange offers for the 4.75% senior notes due 2022 and the 5% senior notes due 2024 to exchange all validly tendered and accepted notes issued by Omnicare for notes to be issued by the Company. This offer expired on October 20, 2015 and the aggregate principal amounts below of each of the Omnicare notes were validly tendered and exchanged for notes issued by the Company.
Interest Rate and Maturity
 
Aggregate Principal Amount (In Millions)
 
Percentage of Total Outstanding Principal Amount Exchanged
4.75% senior notes due 2022
 
$
388

 
96.8
%
5% senior notes due 2024
 
296

 
98.8
%
  Total senior notes issued under exchange transaction
 
$
684

 
 

The Company expects to record this exchange transaction as a modification of the original debt instruments. As such, no gain or loss on extinguishment will be recognized in the Company's consolidated income statement as a result of this exchange transaction and issuance costs will be expensed as incurred.

The following is a summary of the Company's required principal debt repayments, excluding unamortized debt discounts, deferred financing costs and debt premiums, due during each of the next five years and thereafter, as of September 30, 2015:
Year Ending December 31:
 
 
 
In millions
 
 
 
2016
 
$
1,207

 
2017
 
1,103

 
2018
 
3,526

 
2019
 
1,262

 
2020
 
3,219

 
Thereafter
 
17,138

 
Total
 
$
27,455

 

Note 6 – Leasing

The Company leases most of its retail and mail order locations, ten of its distribution centers and certain corporate offices under noncancelable operating leases, typically with initial terms of 15 to 25 years and with options that permit renewals for additional periods. The Company also leases certain equipment and other assets under noncancelable operating leases, typically with initial terms of three to 10 years. Minimum rent is expensed on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. In addition

14



to minimum rental payments, certain leases require additional payments based on sales volume, as well as reimbursement for real estate taxes, common area maintenance and insurance, which are expensed as incurred.

The following table is a summary of the Company’s net rental expense for operating leases:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Minimum rentals
$
576

 
$
569

 
$
1,721

 
$
1,692

Contingent rentals
9

 
9

 
25

 
26

 
585

 
578

 
1,746

 
1,718

Less: sublease income
(5
)
 
(5
)
 
(16
)
 
(16
)
 
$
580

 
$
573

 
$
1,730

 
$
1,702


The Company finances a portion of its store development program through sale-leaseback transactions. The properties are generally sold at net book value, which approximates fair value, and the resulting leases typically qualify and are accounted for as operating leases. The Company does not have any retained or contingent interests in the stores and does not provide any guarantees, other than a guarantee of lease payments, in connection with the sale-leaseback transactions. Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions totaled $34 million and $328 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Note 7 – Share Repurchase Programs
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2015 the Company had the following outstanding share repurchase programs that were authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors:
In billions
 
 
 
 
 
 
Authorization Date
Authorized
Remaining
December 15, 2014 (“2014 Repurchase Program”)
 
$
10.0

 
 
$
8.8

 
December 17, 2013 (“2013 Repurchase Program”)
 
$
6.0

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
8.8

 

The share repurchase programs, each of which was effective immediately, permit the Company to effect repurchases from time to time through a combination of open market repurchases, privately negotiated transactions, accelerated share repurchase transactions, and/or other derivative transactions. The repurchase programs may be modified or terminated by the Board of Directors at any time.

During the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company repurchased an aggregate of approximately 8.9 million shares of common stock for approximately $1.0 billion pursuant to the 2014 Repurchase Program. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company repurchased an aggregate of approximately 37.8 million shares of common stock for approximately $3.9 billion pursuant to the 2013 and 2014 Repurchase Programs. This activity includes the accelerated share repurchase agreements (“ASR”) described below. As of September 30, 2015, the 2013 Repurchase Program is complete.

Pursuant to the authorization under the 2013 Repurchase Program, effective January 2, 2015, the Company entered into a $2.0 billion fixed dollar ASR with JPMorgan Chase Bank (“JPMorgan”). Upon payment of the $2.0 billion purchase price on January 5, 2015, the Company received a number of shares of its common stock equal to 80% of the $2.0 billion notional amount of the ASR or approximately 16.8 million shares, which were placed into treasury stock in January 2015. On May 1, 2015, the Company received approximately 3.1 million shares of common stock, representing the remaining 20% of the $2.0 billion notional amount of the ASR, thereby concluding the ASR. The remaining 3.1 million shares of common stock delivered to the Company by JPMorgan were placed into treasury stock in May 2015.

The ASR was accounted for as an initial treasury stock transaction for $1.6 billion and a forward contract for $0.4 billion. The forward contract was classified as an equity instrument and was recorded within capital surplus on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The forward contract was reclassified to treasury stock upon the settlement of the ASR in May 2015. The initial and final receipt of shares resulted in an immediate reduction of the outstanding shares used to calculate the weighted average common shares outstanding for basic and diluted net income per share.


15



Note 8 – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

Accumulated other comprehensive income consists of foreign currency translation adjustments, unrealized losses on cash flow hedges executed in previous years associated with the issuance of long-term debt, and changes in the net actuarial gains and losses associated with pension and other postretirement benefit plans. The following table summarizes the activity within the components of accumulated other comprehensive income.

Changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component are shown on the next page:

16



 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015(1)
In millions
Foreign Currency
 
Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
Balance, June 30, 2015
$
(104
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(143
)
 
$
(255
)
     Other comprehensive income (loss) before
reclassifications
(61
)
 

 

 
(61
)
     Amounts reclassified from accumulated
other comprehensive income
(2)

 

 

 

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(61
)
 

 

 
(61
)
Balance, September 30, 2015
$
(165
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(143
)
 
$
(316
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014(1)
 
Foreign Currency
 
Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
Balance, June 30, 2014
$
(15
)
 
$
(11
)
 
$
(106
)
 
$
(132
)
     Other comprehensive income (loss) before
reclassifications
(29
)
 

 

 
(29
)
     Amounts reclassified from accumulated
other comprehensive income
(2)

 
1

 

 
1

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(29
)
 
1

 

 
(28
)
Balance, September 30, 2014
$
(44
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
(106
)
 
$
(160
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015(1)
 
Foreign Currency
 
Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2014
$
(65
)
 
$
(9
)
 
$
(143
)
 
$
(217
)
     Other comprehensive income (loss) before
reclassifications
(100
)
 
1

 

 
(99
)
     Amounts reclassified from accumulated
other comprehensive income
(2)

 

 

 

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(100
)
 
1

 

 
(99
)
Balance, September 30, 2015
$
(165
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(143
)
 
$
(316
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014(1)
 
Foreign Currency
 
Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2013
$
(30
)
 
$
(13
)
 
$
(106
)
 
$
(149
)
     Other comprehensive income (loss) before
reclassifications
(14
)
 

 

 
(14
)
     Amounts reclassified from accumulated
other comprehensive income
(2)

 
3

 

 
3

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(14
)
 
3

 

 
(11
)
Balance, September 30, 2014
$
(44
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
(106
)
 
$
(160
)

(1)
All amounts are net of tax.
(2)
The amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income for losses on cash flow hedges are recorded within interest expense, net on the condensed consolidated statement of income. The amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income for pension and other postretirement benefits are included in operating expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of income.

17



Note 9 – Stock-Based Compensation

 
Three Months Ended
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Stock-based compensation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options
$
22

 
$
26

 
$
67

 
$
76

Restricted stock awards
65

 
18

 
108

 
45

Total stock-based compensation
$
87

 
$
44

 
$
175

 
$
121


During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company granted 4 million stock options with a weighted average fair value of $13.97 and a weighted average fair value exercise price of $102.28. The Company had 25 million stock options outstanding as of September 30, 2015 with a weighted average exercise price of $57.32 and a weighted average contractual term of 4.11 years. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company granted 3 million restricted stock awards with a weighted average fair value of $100.84. The Company had 6 million restricted stock awards unvested as of September 30, 2015 with a weighted average fair value of $59.78. Stock-based compensation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 includes $38 million associated with accelerated vesting of restricted stock replacement awards issued to Omnicare executives who were terminated subsequent to the acquisition.

Note 10 – Interest Expense
 
The following are the components of net interest expense:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Interest expense
$
268

 
$
158

 
$
577

 
$
480

Interest income
(7
)
 
(5
)
 
(15
)
 
(11
)
Interest expense, net
$
261

 
$
153

 
$
562

 
$
469


Note 11 – Earnings Per Share
 
Earnings per share is computed using the two-class method. Options to purchase 3.5 million and 2.4 million shares of common stock were outstanding, but were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, because the options’ exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common shares and, therefore, the effect would be antidilutive. For the same reason, options to purchase approximately 4.1 million and 2.8 million shares of common stock were outstanding, but were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively.
















18



The following is a reconciliation of basic and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations for the respective periods:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions, except per share amounts
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Numerator for earnings per share calculations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations(1)
$
1,230

 
$
944

 
$
3,711

 
$
3,310

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominators for earnings per share calculations:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average shares, basic
1,114

 
1,157

 
1,122

 
1,167

Effect of dilutive securities
7

 
7

 
8

 
8

Weighted average shares, diluted
1,121

 
1,164

 
1,130

 
1,175

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share from continuing operations:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
1.10

 
$
0.82

 
$
3.31

 
$
2.84

Diluted
$
1.10

 
$
0.81

 
$
3.28

 
$
2.82


(1)
Comprised of income from continuing operations less net income attributable to noncontrolling interest and amounts allocable to participating securities of $6 million and $4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $18 million and $13 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Note 12 – Segment Reporting
 
The Company has three reportable segments: Pharmacy Services, Retail/LTC and Corporate. The Retail/LTC Segment includes the operating results of the Company's Retail Pharmacy and LTC operating segments as the operations and economic characteristics are similar. The Company’s segments maintain separate financial information for which operating results are evaluated on a regular basis by the Company’s chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company evaluates its Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments’ performance based on net revenue, gross profit and operating profit before the effect of nonrecurring charges and gains and certain intersegment activities. The Company evaluates the performance of its Corporate Segment based on operating expenses before the effect of nonrecurring charges and gains and certain intersegment activities.
 
The Pharmacy Services Segment provides a full range of pharmacy benefit management (“PBM”) services including plan design and administration, formulary management, Medicare Part D services, mail order, specialty pharmacy and infusion services, retail pharmacy network management services, prescription management systems, clinical services, disease management services and medical spend management. The Company’s clients are primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans and other sponsors of health benefit plans, and individuals throughout the United States. A portion of covered lives primarily within the Managed Medicaid, health plan and employer markets have access to our services through public and private exchanges. Through the Company’s SilverScript Insurance Company subsidiary, the Company is a national provider of drug benefits to eligible beneficiaries under the federal government’s Medicare Part D program. The Pharmacy Services Segment operates under the CVS/caremarkTM Pharmacy Services, Caremark®, CVS CaremarkTM, CVS/caremarkTM, CarePlus CVS/pharmacy®, CVS/specialtyTM, RxAmerica®, Accordant®, SilverScript®, NovoLogix®, Coram®, Navarro® Health Services and Advanced Care Scripts® names. As of September 30, 2015, the Pharmacy Services Segment operated 24 retail specialty pharmacy stores, 11 specialty mail order pharmacies, five mail service dispensing pharmacies, and 83 branches for infusion and enteral services, including approximately 73 ambulatory infusion suites and six centers of excellence, located in 40 states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia.

The Retail/LTC Segment sells prescription drugs and a wide assortment of general merchandise, including over-the-counter drugs, beauty products and cosmetics, personal care products, convenience foods, photo finishing, seasonal merchandise and greeting cards through the Company’s CVS/pharmacy®, CVS®, Longs Drugs®, Navarro Discount Pharmacy® and Drogaria Onofre® retail stores and online through CVS.com®, Navarro.comTM and Onofre.com.brTM. As of September 30, 2015, the Retail/LTC Segment included 7,911 retail drugstores (of which 7,852 operated a pharmacy), 33 onsite pharmacies, 1,020 retail medical clinics, and the online retail websites, CVS.com, Navarro.com and Onofre.com.br. The retail drugstores are located in 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Brazil. The retail medical clinics operate under the MinuteClinic® name, and 1,013 are located within CVS/pharmacy stores. MinuteClinics utilize nationally-recognized medical protocols to diagnose and treat minor health conditions, perform health screenings, monitor chronic conditions and deliver vaccinations. The clinics are staffed by board-certified nurse practitioners and physician assistants who provide access to affordable care without

19



appointment. With the acquisition of Omnicare, the Retail/LTC Segment now includes LTC operations, which is comprised of providing the distribution of pharmaceuticals, related pharmacy consulting and other ancillary services to chronic care facilities and other care settings, as well as commercialization services which are provided by RxCrossroads®. LTC is comprised of 113 spoke pharmacies that primarily handle new prescription orders and 32 hub pharmacies that use automation to support spoke pharmacies with refill prescriptions. LTC primarily operates under the Omnicare® and NeighborCare® names.
 
The Corporate Segment provides management and administrative services to support the Company. The Corporate Segment consists of certain aspects of executive management, corporate relations, legal, compliance, human resources, corporate information technology and finance departments.
In millions
Pharmacy
Services
Segment(1)
 
Retail/LTC
Segment
 
Corporate
Segment
 
Intersegment
Eliminations(2)
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
25,528

 
$
17,912

 
$

 
$
(4,796
)
 
$
38,644

Gross profit
1,468

 
5,373

 

 
(180
)
 
6,661

Operating profit (loss)(3)
1,162

 
1,643

 
(309
)
 
(165
)
 
2,331

September 30, 2014:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
22,534

 
16,749

 

 
(4,262
)
 
35,021

Gross profit
1,403

 
5,237

 

 
(172
)
 
6,468

Operating profit (loss)
1,087

 
1,527

 
(196
)
 
(172
)
 
2,246

Nine Months Ended
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

September 30, 2015:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
73,849

 
52,105

 

 
(13,810
)
 
112,144

Gross profit
3,735

 
15,990

 

 
(498
)
 
19,227

Operating profit (loss)(3)
2,837

 
5,050

 
(712
)
 
(450
)
 
6,725

September 30, 2014:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
64,566

 
50,100

 

 
(12,354
)
 
102,312

Gross profit
3,533

 
15,719

 

 
(518
)
 
18,734

Operating profit (loss)
2,605

 
4,982

 
(591
)
 
(518
)
 
6,478


(1)          Net revenues of the Pharmacy Services Segment include approximately $2.1 billion and $1.9 billion of retail co-payments for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, as well as $6.8 billion and $6.1 billion of retail co-payments for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
(2)      Intersegment eliminations relate to intersegment revenue generating activities that occur between the Pharmacy Services Segment and the Retail/LTC Segment. These occur in the following ways: when members of Pharmacy Services Segment clients (“members”) fill prescriptions at retail stores to purchase covered products, when members enrolled in programs such as Maintenance Choice® elect to pick up maintenance prescriptions at a retail drugstore instead of receiving them through the mail, or when members have prescriptions filled at long-term care facilities. When these occur, both the Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments record the revenues, gross profit and operating profit on a standalone basis.
(3)
The Corporate Segment operating loss includes $115 million and $135 million of acquisition-related transaction and integration costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
 
Note 13 – Commitments and Contingencies
 
Lease Guarantees
 
Between 1991 and 1997, the Company sold or spun off a number of subsidiaries, including Bob’s Stores, Linens ‘n Things, Marshalls, Kay-Bee Toys, Wilsons, This End Up and Footstar. In many cases, when a former subsidiary leased a store, the Company provided a guarantee of the store’s lease obligations. When the subsidiaries were disposed of, the Company’s guarantees remained in place, although each initial purchaser has agreed to indemnify the Company for any lease obligations the Company was required to satisfy. If any of the purchasers or any of the former subsidiaries were to become insolvent and failed to make the required payments under a store lease, the Company could be required to satisfy these obligations.

As of September 30, 2015, the Company guaranteed approximately 72 such store leases (excluding the lease guarantees related to Linens ‘n Things, which have been recorded as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet), with the maximum

20



remaining lease term extending through 2026. Management believes the ultimate disposition of any of the remaining guarantees will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition, results of operations or future cash flows.

Legal Matters
 
The Company is a party to legal proceedings, investigations and claims in the ordinary course of its business, including the matters described below. The Company records accruals for outstanding legal matters when it believes it is probable that a loss will be incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company evaluates, on a quarterly basis, developments in legal matters that could affect the amount of any accrual and developments that would make a loss contingency both probable and reasonably estimable. If a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, the Company does not establish an accrued liability. None of the Company’s accruals for outstanding legal matters are material individually or in the aggregate to the Company’s financial position.
 
The Company’s contingencies are subject to significant uncertainties, including, among other factors: (i) the procedural status of pending matters; (ii) whether class action status is sought and certified; (iii) whether asserted claims or allegations will survive dispositive motion practice; (iv) the extent of potential damages, fines or penalties, which are often unspecified or indeterminate; (v) the impact of discovery on the legal process; (vi) whether novel or unsettled legal theories are at issue; (vii) the settlement posture of the parties, and/or (viii) in the case of certain government agency investigations, whether a sealed qui tam lawsuit (“whistleblower” action) has been filed and whether the government agency makes a decision to intervene in the lawsuit following an investigation.
 
Except as otherwise noted, the Company cannot predict with certainty the timing or outcome of the legal matters described below, and is unable to reasonably estimate a possible loss or range of possible loss in excess of amounts already accrued for these matters.
 
Caremark (the term “Caremark” being used herein to generally refer to any one or more PBM subsidiaries of the Company, as applicable) was named in a putative class action lawsuit filed in October 2003 in Alabama state court by John Lauriello, purportedly on behalf of participants in the 1999 settlement of various securities class action and derivative lawsuits against Caremark and others. Other defendants include insurance companies that provided coverage to Caremark with respect to the settled lawsuits. The Lauriello lawsuit seeks approximately $3.2 billion in compensatory damages plus other non-specified damages based on allegations that the amount of insurance coverage available for the settled lawsuits was misrepresented and suppressed. A similar lawsuit was filed in November 2003 by Frank McArthur, also in Alabama state court, naming as defendants, among others, Caremark and several insurance companies involved in the 1999 settlement. This lawsuit was stayed as a later-filed class action, but McArthur was subsequently allowed to intervene in the Lauriello action. Following the close of class discovery, the trial court entered an Order on August 15, 2012 that granted the plaintiffs’ motion to certify a class pursuant to Alabama Rule of Civil Procedures 23(b)(3) but denied their request that the class also be certified pursuant to Rule 23(b)(1). In addition, the August 15, 2012 Order appointed class representatives and class counsel. On September 12, 2014, the Alabama Supreme Court affirmed the trial court’s August 15, 2012 Order. The case is proceeding and trial is currently scheduled to begin in February 2016.

Beginning in August 2003, various lawsuits were filed by pharmacies alleging that Caremark and other PBMs were violating certain antitrust laws. In August 2003, Bellevue Drug Co., Robert Schreiber, Inc. d/b/a Burns Pharmacy and Rehn-Huerbinger Drug Co. d/b/a Parkway Drugs #4, together with Pharmacy Freedom Fund and the National Community Pharmacists Association filed a putative class action against Caremark in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, seeking treble damages and injunctive relief. This case was initially sent to arbitration based on the contract terms between the pharmacies and Caremark, but later returned to federal court, where it currently remains. In addition, in October 2003, two independent pharmacies, North Jackson Pharmacy, Inc. and C&C, Inc. d/b/a Big C Discount Drugs, Inc., filed three separate putative class action complaints in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, all seeking treble damages and injunctive relief. One complaint named three Caremark entities as defendants, and the other two complaints named PBM competitors. The North Jackson Pharmacy case against two of the Caremark entities was transferred to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois; the case against the third Caremark entity was sent to arbitration based on contract terms between the pharmacies and that entity. The arbitration was stayed at the parties’ request and later closed by the American Arbitration Association.


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In August 2006, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation issued an order transferring all related PBM antitrust cases, including the North Jackson Pharmacy cases, to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania for coordinated and consolidated proceedings with the cases originally filed in that court, including the Bellevue matter. The consolidated action is now known as In re Pharmacy Benefit Managers Antitrust Litigation. A motion for class certification filed by the North Jackson Pharmacy plaintiffs against the Caremark defendants on August 31, 2015 is currently pending. In the Bellevue matter, the parties are in the early stages of discovery.

In February 2006, two substantially similar putative class action lawsuits were filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, and were consolidated and entitled Indiana State Dist. Council of Laborers & HOD Carriers Pension & Welfare Fund v. Omnicare, Inc., et al., No. 2:06cv26. The consolidated complaint was filed against Omnicare, three of its officers and two of its directors and purported to be brought on behalf of all open-market purchasers of Omnicare common stock from August 3, 2005 through July 27, 2006, as well as all purchasers who bought shares of Omnicare common stock in Omnicare’s public offering in December 2005. The complaint alleged violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 and sought, among other things, compensatory damages and injunctive relief. After dismissals and appeals to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, the United States Supreme Court remanded the case to the district court. In October 2015, the court granted plaintiffs’ motion to file a third amended complaint.

In December 2007, the Company received a document subpoena from the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, requesting information relating to the processing of Medicaid and certain other government agency claims on behalf of its clients (which allegedly resulted in underpayments from our pharmacy benefit management clients to the applicable government agencies) on one of the Company’s adjudication platforms. In September 2014, the Company settled the OIG’s claims, as well as related claims by the Department of Justice and private plaintiffs, without any admission of liability. The Company is in discussions with the OIG concerning other claim processing issues.

In November 2009, a securities class action lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island by Richard Medoff, purportedly on behalf of purchasers of CVS Health Corporation stock between May 5, 2009 and November 4, 2009. An amended complaint extended that time period back to October 30, 2008. The lawsuit names the Company and certain officers as defendants and includes allegations of securities fraud relating to public disclosures made by the Company concerning the PBM business and allegations of insider trading. In addition, a shareholder derivative lawsuit was filed by Mark Wuotila in December 2009 in the same court against the directors and certain officers of the Company. This lawsuit, which has remained stayed pending developments in the related securities class action, includes allegations of, among other things, securities fraud, insider trading and breach of fiduciary duties and further alleges that the Company was damaged by the purchase of stock at allegedly inflated prices under its share repurchase program. In January 2011, both lawsuits were transferred to the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire. In August 2015, the Parties reached an agreement in principle to settle the Medoff action for $48 million. In September 2015, the Parties filed a joint stipulation seeking preliminary approval for this settlement. The Company denies any wrongdoing, and agreed to a settlement to avoid the burden, uncertainty and distraction of litigation. The settlement will be funded by insurance proceeds. The Wuotila derivative matter remains pending.

As part of a previously disclosed civil settlement agreement entered into by Omnicare with the U.S. Attorney’s Office, for the District of Massachusetts in November 2009, Omnicare also entered into an amended and restated corporate integrity agreement (“CIA”) with the OIG with a term of five years from November 2, 2009 with certain provisions continuing for a period after the term. In October 2015, Omnicare received a closure letter from the OIG. The Company is continuing discussions with the OIG around the CIA and its compliance program.

In March 2010, the Company learned that various State Attorneys General offices and certain other government agencies were conducting a multi-state investigation of certain of the Company’s business practices similar to those being investigated at that time by the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”). Twenty-eight states, the District of Columbia and the County of Los Angeles are known to be participating in this investigation. The prior FTC investigation, which commenced in August 2009, was officially concluded in May 2012 when the consent order entered into between the FTC and the Company became final. The Company has cooperated with the multi-state investigation.

In March 2010, the Company received a subpoena from the OIG requesting information about programs under which the Company has offered customers remuneration conditioned upon the transfer of prescriptions for drugs or

22



medications to the Company’s pharmacies in the form of gift cards, cash, non-prescription merchandise or discounts or coupons for non-prescription merchandise. The subpoena relates to an investigation of possible false or otherwise improper claims for payment under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. The Company has provided documents and other information in response to this request for information.

On October 29, 2010, a qui tam complaint entitled United States et al., ex rel. Banigan and Templin v. Organon USA, Inc., Omnicare, Inc. and PharMerica Corporation, Civil No. 07-12153-RWZ, that had been filed under seal with the U.S. District Court in Boston, Massachusetts, was ordered unsealed by the court. The complaint was brought by James Banigan and Richard Templin, former employees of Organon, as private party qui tam relators on behalf of the federal government and several state and local governments. The action alleges civil violations of the False Claims Act based on allegations that Organon and its affiliates paid Omnicare and several other long-term care pharmacies rebates, post-purchase discounts and other forms of remuneration in return for purchasing pharmaceuticals from Organon and taking steps to increase the purchase of Organon’s drugs in violation of the Anti-Kickback Statute. The U.S. Department of Justice declined to intervene in this action. The court denied Omnicare’s motion to dismiss in June 2012. Discovery is closed in this matter. The Company believes that the allegations are without merit.

In January 2012, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania unsealed a first amended qui tam complaint filed in August 2011 by an individual relator, Anthony Spay, who is described in the complaint as having once been employed by a firm providing pharmacy prescription benefit audit and recovery services. The complaint seeks monetary damages and alleges that Caremark’s processing of Medicare claims on behalf of one of its clients violated the federal False Claims Act. The United States declined to intervene in the lawsuit. In September 2015, the Court granted Caremark's motion for summary judgment in its entirety, and entered judgment in favor of Caremark and against Spay.

In November 2012, the Company received a subpoena from the OIG requesting information concerning automatic refill programs used by pharmacies to refill prescriptions for customers. The Company has been cooperating and providing documents and other information in response to this request for information.

In 2013, Omnicare received subpoenas seeking information regarding Omnicare’s nationwide billing practices with regard to National Drug Code overrides and Omnicare’s May 2008 acquisition of Pure Service Pharmacy. In 2014, Omnicare received subpoenas seeking information regarding Omnicare’s Auto Label Verification system and Omnicare’s per diem arrangements. Omnicare has produced documents and provided information in response to these subpoenas and continues to cooperate in the investigations.

On March 22, 2013, a qui tam complaint entitled United States et al. ex rel. Susan Ruscher v. Omnicare, Inc. et al., Civil No. 08-cv-3396, which had been filed under seal in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, was unsealed by the court. The complaint was brought by Susan Ruscher as a private party qui tam relator on behalf of the federal government and several state governments alleging violations of the federal False Claims Act and analogous state laws based upon allegations that Omnicare’s practices relating to customer collections violated the Anti-Kickback Statute. In September 2015, the court granted summary judgment dismissing all claims against Omnicare and denied relator’s motion for summary judgment related to Omnicare’s counterclaims and thereafter, on October 1, 2015, the court entered a final judgment for Omnicare and stayed trial on the counterclaims pending an appeal from the relator.

In January 2014, the U.S. District Court in the Southern District of New York unsealed a qui tam action in which the Company is a defendant. The suit originally was filed under seal in 2011 by relator David Kester, a former employee of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. (“Novartis”). The suit alleges that Novartis, the Company, and other specialty pharmacies violated the federal False Claims Act, as well as the false claims acts of several states, by using pharmacists, nurses and other staff to recommend and increase the sales and market share for certain Novartis specialty drugs in exchange for patient referrals, rebates and discounts provided by Novartis. The federal government has intervened in the case as to some allegations against Novartis but has declined to intervene as to any of the allegations against the Company. Kester continued the litigation against the Company, but on June 16, 2015, filed a notice of settlement with the Court. The parties have filed a stipulation of dismissal as to the Company.

In March 2014, the Company received a subpoena from the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Rhode Island, requesting documents and information concerning bona fide service fees and rebates received from pharmaceutical manufacturers in connection with certain drugs utilized under Part D of the Medicare Program, as well

23



as the reporting of those fees and rebates to Part D plan sponsors. The Company has been cooperating with the government and providing documents and information in response to the subpoena.

The U.S. Department of Justice, through the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Virginia, investigated whether Omnicare’s activities in connection with the agreements it had with the manufacturer of the pharmaceutical Depakote violated the False Claims Act or the Anti-Kickback Statute. Omnicare cooperated with this investigation and believes that it has complied with applicable laws and regulations with respect to this matter. In connection with this matter, on December 22, 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a civil complaint-in-intervention in two qui tam complaints, entitled United States, et al., ex rel. Spetter v. Abbott Laboratories, Inc., Omnicare, Inc., and PharMerica Corp., No. 1:07-cv-00006 and United States, et al., ex rel. McCoyd v. Abbott Laboratories, Omnicare, Inc., PharMerica Corp., and Miles White, No. 1:07-cv-00081, alleging civil violations of the False Claims Act in connection with the manufacturer agreements described above. In July 2015, the parties filed a Joint Motion to Stay the Litigation stating that the parties have reached a proposed resolution of the monetary terms of a potential settlement agreement. These financial terms are contingent on approval by authorized officials at the Department of Justice, negotiation of terms of a settlement agreement, approval and releases from the OIG, the National Association of Medicaid Fraud Control Units, and the Department of Justice, and coordination with discussions with the United States regarding other ongoing matters. While the Company believes that a final settlement will be reached, there can be no assurance that any final settlement agreement will be reached or as to the final terms of such settlement.

In May 2015, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Florida, resolving alleged violations of the Controlled Substances Act (“CSA”). The Company paid a fine of $22 million in connection with the settlement. The Company is also undergoing several audits by the Drug Enforcement Agency (“DEA”) Administrator and is in discussions with the DEA and the U.S. Attorney’s Office in several locations concerning allegations that the Company has violated certain requirements of the CSA. Whether agreements can be reached and on what terms is uncertain.

In May 2015, the Company received a subpoena from the OIG requesting information and documents concerning the Company’s automatic refill programs, adherence outreach programs, and pharmacy customer incentives, particularly in connection with claims for reimbursement made to the Minnesota Medicaid program. The Company has been cooperating with the investigation and providing information in response to the subpoena.

In July 2015, the U.S. District Court in the District of Massachusetts dismissed all claims alleged in a qui tam lawsuit that had been brought against the Company by a pharmacy auditor and a former CVS pharmacist. The lawsuit, which was initially filed under seal in 2011, alleged that the Company violated the federal False Claims Act, as well as the false claims acts of several states, by overcharging state and federal governments in connection with prescription drugs available through the Company’s Health Savings Pass program, a membership-based program that allows enrolled customers special pricing for typical 90-day supplies of various generic prescription drugs. The federal government had declined to intervene in the case. The plaintiffs are appealing the dismissal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for First Circuit.

On July 27, 2015, a consolidated class action complaint was filed by plaintiffs naming Omnicare, the members of the Omnicare Board of Directors, CVS Health, CVS Pharmacy and its merger subsidiary as defendants. The complaint alleged that the members of the Omnicare Board of Directors breached their fiduciary duties to Omnicare’s stockholders during merger negotiations by entering into the merger agreement and approving the merger, and the CVS parties aided and abetted such breaches of fiduciary duties. In September 2015, the court granted plaintiffs’ voluntary notice of dismissal of all allegations against the defendants.

The Attorney General of the State of Texas issued civil investigative demands and other requests in February 2012, May 2014, and May 2015, and has continued its investigation concerning the Health Savings Pass program and other pricing practices with respect to claims for reimbursement from the Texas Medicaid program.

In July and September 2015, related putative class actions were filed against the Company in the U.S. District Court in the Northern District of California and the Northern District of Illinois, respectively. The first case was brought by Christopher Corcoran and six other individuals who allegedly overpaid for prescriptions for generic drugs filled at CVS pharmacies. The second case was brought by Robert Podgorny and another individual on the same theory. Both complaints seek damages and injunctive relief under the consumer protection statutes and common laws of certain states.


24



In September 2015, Omnicare was served with an administrative subpoena by the DEA. The subpoena seeks documents related to controlled substance policies, procedures, and practices at eight pharmacy locations from May 2012 to present. The Company currently is evaluating the subpoena and intends to cooperate with any investigation.

The Company is also a party to other legal proceedings, government investigations, inquiries and audits arising in the normal course of its business, none of which is expected to be material to the Company. The Company can give no assurance, however, that its business, financial condition and results of operations will not be materially adversely affected, or that the Company will not be required to materially change its business practices, based on: (i) future enactment of new health care or other laws or regulations; (ii) the interpretation or application of existing laws or regulations as they may relate to the Company’s business, the pharmacy services, retail pharmacy, long-term care pharmacy or retail clinic industries or to the health care industry generally; (iii) pending or future federal or state governmental investigations of the Company’s business or the pharmacy services, retail pharmacy, long-term care pharmacy or retail clinic industry or of the health care industry generally; (iv) pending or future government enforcement actions against the Company; (v) adverse developments in any pending qui tam lawsuit against the Company, whether sealed or unsealed, or in any future qui tam lawsuit that may be filed against the Company; or (vi) adverse developments in pending or future legal proceedings against the Company or affecting the pharmacy services, retail pharmacy, long-term care pharmacy or retail clinic industry or the health care industry generally.


25



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders
CVS Health Corporation:

We have reviewed the condensed consolidated balance sheet of CVS Health Corporation (the Company) as of September 30, 2015, and the related condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

As discussed in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company has elected changes in its methods of accounting for front store inventories in the Retail/LTC Segment effective January 1, 2015.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of CVS Health Corporation as of December 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended not presented herein, and in our report dated February 10, 2015, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.
 
 
 
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
 
 
October 30, 2015
 
Boston, Massachusetts
 


26



Part I
 
Item 2
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Overview of Our Business
 
CVS Health Corporation, together with its subsidiaries (collectively “CVS Health,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”), is a pharmacy innovation company helping people on their path to better health. At the forefront of a changing health care landscape, the Company has an unmatched suite of capabilities and the expertise needed to drive innovations that will help shape the future of health.

We are currently the only integrated pharmacy health care company with the ability to impact consumers, payors, and providers with innovative, channel-agnostic solutions. We have a deep understanding of their diverse needs through our unique integrated model, and we are bringing them innovative solutions that help increase access to quality care, deliver better health outcomes, and lower overall health care costs.

Through our more than 7,900 retail drugstores, more than 1,000 walk-in health care clinics, a leading pharmacy benefits manager with more than 70 million plan members, a dedicated senior pharmacy care business serving more than one million patients per year, and expanding specialty pharmacy services, we enable people, businesses, and communities to manage health in more effective ways. We are delivering break-through products and services, from advising patients on their medications at our CVS/pharmacy® locations, to introducing unique programs to help control costs for our clients at CVS/caremarkTM, to innovating how care is delivered to our patients with complex conditions through CVS/specialtyTM, or by expanding access to high-quality, low-cost care at CVS/minuteclinicTM.

On August 18, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding common shares and voting interests of Omnicare, Inc. (“Omnicare”), for $98 per share for a total of $9.6 billion and assumed long-term debt with a fair value of approximately $3.1 billion. Omnicare is a leading healthcare services company that specializes in the management of complex pharmaceutical care. As a result of the acquisition of Omnicare, the Company’s segments have been expanded. The Company’s Pharmacy Services Segment now also includes the specialty pharmacy operations of Omnicare. The Company’s Retail Pharmacy Segment now also includes the long-term care (“LTC”) operations, as well as the commercialization services of Omnicare, and has been renamed the “Retail/LTC Segment.” The LTC operations include providing the distribution of pharmaceuticals, related pharmacy consulting and other ancillary services to chronic care facilities and other care settings. The Company’s Corporate Segment now also includes certain aspects of Omnicare's corporate expenses.

We have three reportable segments: Pharmacy Services, Retail/LTC and Corporate.
 
Pharmacy Services Segment
 
Our Pharmacy Services Segment generates revenue from a full range of pharmacy benefit management (“PBM”) services, including plan design and administration, formulary management, Medicare Part D services, mail order, specialty pharmacy and infusion services, retail pharmacy network management services, prescription management systems, clinical services, disease management services and medical spend management. Our clients are primarily employers, insurance companies, unions, government employee groups, health plans, Managed Medicaid plans and other sponsors of health benefit plans, and individuals throughout the United States. A portion of covered lives primarily within the Managed Medicaid, health plan and employer markets have access to our services through public and private exchanges. As a pharmacy benefits manager, we manage the dispensing of pharmaceuticals through our mail order pharmacies, specialty pharmacies and national network of more than 68,000 retail pharmacies, consisting of approximately 41,000 chain pharmacies (which includes our CVS/pharmacy stores) and 27,000 independent pharmacies, to eligible members in the benefit plans maintained by our clients and utilize our information systems to perform, among other things, safety checks, drug interaction screenings and brand to generic substitutions.
 
Our specialty pharmacies support individuals that require complex and expensive drug therapies. Our specialty pharmacy business includes mail order and retail specialty pharmacies that operate under the CVS CaremarkTM, CarePlus CVS/pharmacy®, Navarro® Health Services and Advanced Care Scripts® names. The Pharmacy Services Segment also provides health management programs, which include integrated disease management programs for 17 conditions, through our Accordant® rare disease management offering. In addition, through our SilverScript Insurance Company subsidiary, we are a national provider of drug benefits to eligible beneficiaries under the federal government’s Medicare Part D program. The Pharmacy Services Segment operates under the CVS/caremarkTM Pharmacy Services, Caremark®, CVS CaremarkTM, CVS/caremarkTM, CarePlus

27



CVS/pharmacy®, RxAmerica®, Accordant®, SilverScript®, Coram®, CVS/specialtyTM, NovoLogix®, Navarro® Health Services and Advanced Care Scripts® names. As of September 30, 2015, the Pharmacy Services Segment operated 24 retail specialty pharmacy stores, 11 specialty mail order pharmacies, five mail service dispensing pharmacies, and 83 branches for infusion and enteral services, including approximately 73 ambulatory infusion suites and six centers of excellence, located in 40 states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia.
 
Retail/LTC Segment
 
Our Retail/LTC Segment sells prescription drugs and a wide assortment of general merchandise, including over-the-counter drugs, beauty products and cosmetics, personal care products, convenience foods, photo finishing, seasonal merchandise and greeting cards through our CVS/pharmacy®, CVS®, Longs Drugs®, Navarro Discount Pharmacy® and Drogaria OnofreTM retail stores and online through CVS.com®, Navarro.comTM and Onofre.com.brTM. With the acquisition of Omnicare, the Retail/LTC Segment now also includes providing the distribution of pharmaceuticals, related pharmacy consulting and other ancillary services to chronic care facilities and other care settings, as well as commercialization services which are provided by RxCrossroads®. Our Retail/LTC Segment derives the majority of its revenues through the sale of prescription drugs, which are dispensed by our 26,000 pharmacists. Our Retail/LTC Segment also provides health care services through our CVS/minuteclinic offering. MinuteClinics are staffed by nurse practitioners and physician assistants who utilize nationally recognized protocols to diagnose and treat minor health conditions, perform health screenings, monitor chronic conditions, and deliver vaccinations. As of September 30, 2015, our Retail/LTC Segment included 7,911 retail drugstores (of which 7,852 operated a pharmacy) located in 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Brazil operating primarily under the CVS/pharmacy®, CVS®, Longs Drugs®, Navarro Discount Pharmacy® or Drogaria OnofreTM names, 33 onsite pharmacies, 1,020 retail medical clinics operating under the MinuteClinic® name (of which 1,013 were located in CVS/pharmacy stores), and our online retail websites, CVS.com, Navarro.com and Onofre.com.br. LTC is comprised of 113 spoke pharmacies that primarily handle new prescription orders and 32 hub pharmacies that use proprietary automation to support spoke pharmacies with refill prescriptions. LTC operates primarily under the Omnicare® and NeighborCare® names.

Corporate Segment
 
The Corporate Segment provides management and administrative services to support the Company. The Corporate Segment consists of certain aspects of our executive management, corporate relations, legal, compliance, human resources, corporate information technology and finance departments.

Proposed Acquisition

On June 12, 2015, CVS Pharmacy, Inc. (“CVS Pharmacy”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CVS Health, entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Target Corporation (“Target”) pursuant to which Target agreed to sell its pharmacy and clinic businesses to CVS Pharmacy (the “Target Pharmacy Acquisition”). The purchase price is $1.887 billion, payable in cash at closing and is subject to certain adjustments. The timing of the closing is uncertain, and is subject to receipt of regulatory approval and other customary conditions.

We used the net proceeds from the July 2015 debt offering to fund the acquisition of Omnicare and will use a portion of the $14.8 billion in net proceeds for the Target Pharmacy Acquisition. Any remaining proceeds from the offering will be used for general corporate purposes.

Results of Operations
 
The following discussion explains the material changes in our results of operations for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the significant developments affecting our financial condition since December 31, 2014. We strongly recommend that you read our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included as Exhibit 13 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (“2014 Form 10-K”) along with this report.


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Summary of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Results:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
38,644

 
$
35,021

 
$
112,144

 
$
102,312

Cost of revenues
31,983

 
28,553

 
92,917

 
83,578

Gross profit
6,661

 
6,468

 
19,227

 
18,734

Operating expenses
4,330

 
4,222

 
12,502

 
12,256

Operating profit
2,331

 
2,246

 
6,725

 
6,478

Interest expense, net
261

 
153

 
562

 
469

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
521

 

 
521

Income before income tax provision
2,070

 
1,572

 
6,163

 
5,488

Income tax provision
833

 
624

 
2,433

 
2,165

Income from continuing operations
1,237

 
948

 
3,730

 
3,323

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
10

 

 
10

 

Net income
1,247

 
948

 
3,740

 
3,323

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 

Net income attributable to CVS Health
$
1,246

 
$
948

 
$
3,739

 
$
3,323

 
Net Revenues
 
Net revenues increased approximately $3.6 billion, or 10.3%, and $9.8 billion, or 9.6%, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The increase in the Pharmacy Services Segment was primarily driven by growth in specialty pharmacy and increased volume in pharmacy network claims. The increase in the Retail/LTC Segment was primarily due to an increase in pharmacy same store sales and revenue from new stores. Both segments benefited from the Omnicare acquisition. Net revenues in both periods were negatively affected by increased generic dispensing rates for both the Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments. However, the year-over-year increase in generic dispensing rates was not as significant in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. Generic prescription drugs typically have a lower selling price than brand name prescription drugs.
 
Please see the section entitled “Segment Analysis” below for additional information regarding net revenues.
 
Gross Profit
 
Gross profit dollars increased $193 million, or 3.0%, and $493 million, or 2.6%, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, as compared to the prior year. Gross profit as a percentage of net revenues decreased approximately 120 basis points in both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 to 17.2% and 17.1%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net revenues was driven by a change in the mix of business with the Pharmacy Services Segment growing faster than the Retail/LTC Segment, as well as moderate declines in gross margin in both segments. Gross profit dollars for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, were positively impacted by an increase in generic dispensing rates compared to the prior year.
 
Please see the section entitled “Segment Analysis” below for additional information regarding gross profit.

Operating Expenses
 
Operating expenses increased $108 million, or 2.6%, and $246 million, or 2.0%, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, as compared to the prior year. Operating expenses as a percentage of net revenues decreased approximately 80 basis points to 11.2% and 11.1% in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, as compared to 12.1% and 12.0% in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively. The increase in operating expense dollars in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, was primarily due to incremental store operating costs associated with operating more stores in our Retail/LTC Segment, as well as the addition of LTC through the Omnicare acquisition in August 2015. The decrease in operating expenses as a percentage of net revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 was driven by higher legal costs in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.

29



Please see the section entitled “Segment Analysis” below for additional information regarding operating expenses.

Interest Expense, net
 
Interest expense, net, increased $108 million and $93 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The increase in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 was primarily due to the amortization of bridge facility fees of $52 million for the unsecured bridge facility that was entered into on May 20, 2015 and was amortized to interest expense over the period it was outstanding, the $15 billion debt issuance in July 2015 and the debt assumed through the Omnicare acquisition. See Note 5, “Borrowings” for additional information.
 
For additional information on our financing activities, please see the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section later in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Income Tax Provision
 
Our effective income tax rate was 40.2% and 39.5% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 39.7% and 39.4% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014. The difference in the effective income tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, was primarily due to nondeductible acquisition costs incurred in the Omnicare acquisition.

Income from Discontinued Operations
 
The income from discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 consisted of $10 million of lease-related income associated with guarantees of store lease obligations of Linens 'n Things, a former subsidiary of the Company that became insolvent subsequent to its disposition.

See Note 13, “Commitments and Contingencies” for additional information about our lease guarantees.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest
 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest represents the minority shareholders' portion of the net income from our majority owned subsidiaries. The net income attributable to noncontrolling interest for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 was $1 million.

30



Segment Analysis
 
We evaluate the performance of our Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments based on net revenue, gross profit and operating profit before the effect of nonrecurring charges and gains and certain intersegment activities. We evaluate the performance of our Corporate Segment based on operating expenses before the effect of nonrecurring charges and gains and certain intersegment activities. The following is a reconciliation of our segments to the condensed consolidated financial statements:
In millions
Pharmacy
Services
Segment(1)
 
Retail/LTC
Segment
 
Corporate
Segment
 
Intersegment
Eliminations (2)
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
25,528

 
$
17,912

 
$

 
$
(4,796
)
 
$
38,644

Gross profit
1,468

 
5,373

 

 
(180
)
 
6,661

Operating profit (loss)(3)
1,162

 
1,643

 
(309
)
 
(165
)
 
2,331

September 30, 2014:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
22,534

 
16,749

 

 
(4,262
)
 
35,021

Gross profit
1,403

 
5,237

 

 
(172
)
 
6,468

Operating profit (loss)
1,087

 
1,527

 
(196
)
 
(172
)
 
2,246

Nine Months Ended
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

September 30, 2015:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
73,849

 
52,105

 

 
(13,810
)
 
112,144

Gross profit
3,735

 
15,990

 

 
(498
)
 
19,227

Operating profit (loss)(3)
2,837

 
5,050

 
(712
)
 
(450
)
 
6,725

September 30, 2014:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net revenues
64,566

 
50,100

 

 
(12,354
)
 
102,312

Gross profit
3,533

 
15,719

 

 
(518
)
 
18,734

Operating profit (loss)
2,605

 
4,982

 
(591
)
 
(518
)
 
6,478

 
(1) 
Net revenues of the Pharmacy Services Segment include approximately $2.1 billion and $1.9 billion of retail co-payments for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, as well as $6.8 billion and $6.1 billion of retail co-payments for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
(2)
Intersegment eliminations relate to intersegment revenue generating activities that occur between the Pharmacy Services Segment and the Retail/LTC Segment. These occur in the following ways: when members of Pharmacy Services Segment clients (“members”) fill prescriptions at retail stores to purchase covered products, when members enrolled in programs such as Maintenance Choice® elect to pick up maintenance prescriptions at a retail drugstore instead of receiving them through the mail, or when members have prescriptions filled at long-term care facilities. When these occur, both the Pharmacy Services and Retail/LTC segments record the revenues, gross profit and operating profit on a standalone basis.
(3)
The Corporate Segment operating loss includes $115 million and $135 million of acquisition-related transaction and integration costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.



31



Pharmacy Services Segment
 
The following table summarizes our Pharmacy Services Segment’s performance for the respective periods:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
25,528

 
$
22,534

 
$
73,849

 
$
64,566

Gross profit
1,468

 
1,403

 
3,735

 
3,533

Gross profit % of net revenues
5.8
%
 
6.2
%
 
5.1
%
 
5.5
%
Operating expenses
306

 
316

 
898

 
928

Operating expense % of net revenues
1.2
%
 
1.4
%
 
1.2
%
 
1.4
%
Operating profit
1,162

 
1,087

 
2,837

 
2,605

Operating profit % of net revenues
4.6
%
 
4.8
%
 
3.8
%
 
4.0
%
Net revenues:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Mail choice(2)
$
9,735

 
$
8,054

 
$
27,592

 
$
22,641

Pharmacy network(1)(3)
15,716

 
14,420

 
46,043

 
41,748

Other
77

 
60

 
214

 
177

Pharmacy claims processed:
 

 
 

 


 
 

Total
251.0

 
230.3

 
752.3

 
689.1

Mail choice(2)
21.9

 
20.7

 
63.5

 
61.1

Pharmacy network(1)(3)
229.1

 
209.6

 
688.8

 
628.0

Generic dispensing rate:
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Total
83.8
%
 
82.5
%
 
83.7
%
 
82.3
%
Mail choice(2)
76.5
%
 
75.0
%
 
76.3
%
 
74.5
%
Pharmacy network(1)(3)
84.5
%
 
83.2
%
 
84.4
%
 
83.1
%
Mail choice penetration rate
21.1
%
 
21.7
%
 
20.5
%
 
21.5
%
 
(1)          Pharmacy network net revenues, claims processed and generic dispensing rates do not include Maintenance Choice®, which are included within the mail choice category.
(2)          Mail choice is defined as claims filled at a Pharmacy Services mail facility, which includes specialty mail claims inclusive of Specialty Connect® claims filled at retail, as well as prescriptions filled at retail under the Maintenance Choice program.
(3)          Pharmacy network is defined as claims filled at retail and specialty pharmacies, including our retail drugstores and long-term care pharmacies, but excluding Maintenance Choice activity.

Net Revenues
 
Net revenues in our Pharmacy Services Segment increased $3.0 billion, or 13.3%, to $25.5 billion in the three months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the prior year. The increase is primarily due to growth in specialty pharmacy, driven by new clients and increased volume from new products, as well as inflation and increased pharmacy network claims. As you review our Pharmacy Services Segment’s performance in this area, we believe you should consider the following important information that impacted the three months ended September 30, 2015:
 
Our mail choice claims processed increased 5.6% to 21.9 million claims in the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 20.7 million claims in the prior year. The increase in mail choice claims was driven by specialty and continuing adoption of our Maintenance Choice offerings.
 
Our average revenue per mail choice claim increased by 14.4%, compared to the prior year. This increase was primarily due to growth in specialty pharmacy.
 
Our pharmacy network claims processed increased 9.3% to 229.1 million claims in the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 209.6 million claims in the prior year. The increase in the pharmacy network claim volume was primarily due to net new business, as well as growth in Managed Medicaid.

Our average revenue per pharmacy network claim processed remained relatively flat compared to the prior year.

32




Our mail choice generic dispensing rate increased to 76.5% in the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 75.0% in the prior year. Our pharmacy network generic dispensing rate increased to 84.5%, compared to 83.2% in the prior year. These continued increases in mail choice and pharmacy network generic dispensing rates were primarily due to the impact of new generic drug introductions, and our continuous efforts to encourage plan members to use generic drugs when they are available. We believe our generic dispensing rates will continue to increase in future periods, albeit at a slower pace. This increase will be affected by, among other things, the number of new generic drug introductions and our success at encouraging plan members to utilize generic drugs when they are available and clinically appropriate.

Net revenues increased $9.3 billion, or 14.4%, to $73.8 billion in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the prior year. The increase is primarily due to growth in specialty pharmacy, driven by increased volume from new products and new clients, as well as inflation and increased pharmacy network claims. As you review our Pharmacy Services Segment’s performance in this area, we believe you should consider the following important information that impacted the nine months ended September 30, 2015:
 
Our mail choice claims processed increased 4.1% to 63.5 million claims in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 61.1 million claims in the prior year. The increase in mail choice claims was driven by specialty claim volume and increased claims associated with the continuing adoption of our Maintenance Choice offerings.
 
Our average revenue per mail choice claim increased by 17.1%, compared to the prior year. This increase was primarily due to growth in specialty pharmacy.
 
Our pharmacy network claims processed increased 9.7% to 688.8 million claims in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 628.0 million claims in the prior year. The increase in the pharmacy network claim volume was primarily due to net new business, as well as growth in Managed Medicaid.

Our average revenue per pharmacy network claim processed remained relatively flat compared to the prior year.

Our mail choice generic dispensing rate increased to 76.3% in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 74.5% in the prior year. Our pharmacy network generic dispensing rate increased to 84.4%, compared to 83.1% in the prior year. These continued increases in mail choice and pharmacy network generic dispensing rates were primarily due to the impact of new generic drug introductions, and our continuous efforts to encourage plan members to use generic drugs when they are available. We believe our generic dispensing rates will continue to increase in future periods, albeit at a slower pace. This increase will be affected by, among other things, the number of new generic drug introductions and our success at encouraging plan members to utilize generic drugs when they are available and clinically appropriate.

Gross Profit
 
Gross profit in our Pharmacy Services Segment includes net revenues less cost of revenues. Cost of revenues includes (i) the cost of pharmaceuticals dispensed, either directly through our mail service, specialty mail and specialty retail pharmacies or indirectly through our retail pharmacy networks, (ii) shipping and handling costs and (iii) the operating costs of our mail service dispensing pharmacies, customer service operations and related information technology support.
 
Gross profit increased $65 million, or 4.7%, to approximately $1.5 billion in the three months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the prior year. Gross profit as a percentage of net revenues decreased to 5.8% in the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 6.2% in the prior year. Gross profit increased $202 million, or 5.7%, to approximately $3.7 billion in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the prior year. Gross profit as a percentage of net revenues decreased to 5.1% in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to 5.5% in the prior year. The increase in gross profit dollars was primarily due to volume increases and higher generic dispensing, as well as favorable purchasing and rebate economics, partially offset by price compression. The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net revenues was primarily due to price compression, partially offset by favorable generic dispensing, as well as favorable purchasing and rebate economics.

As you review our Pharmacy Services Segment’s performance in this area, we believe you should consider the following important information that had an impact on the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015:
 

33



Our gross profit dollars and gross profit as a percentage of net revenues continued to be impacted by our efforts to (i) retain existing clients, (ii) obtain new business and (iii) maintain or improve the rebates and/or discounts we received from manufacturers, wholesalers and retail pharmacies. In particular, competitive pressures in the PBM industry have caused us and other PBMs to continue to share a larger portion of rebates and/or discounts received from pharmaceutical manufacturers with clients. In addition, market dynamics and regulatory changes have impacted our ability to offer plan sponsors pricing that includes retail network “differential” or “spread”. We expect these trends to continue. The “differential” or “spread” is any difference between the drug price charged to plan sponsors, including Medicare Part D plan sponsors, by a PBM and the price paid for the drug by the PBM to the dispensing provider. The increased use by patients of generic drugs has positively impacted our gross profit margins but has resulted in third party payors augmenting their efforts to reduce reimbursement payments for prescriptions. This trend, which we expect to continue, reduces the benefit we realize from brand to generic product conversions.

Our gross profit as a percentage of revenues benefited from the increase in our total generic dispensing rate, which increased to 83.8% and 83.7% in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, compared to our generic dispensing rate of 82.5% and 82.3% in the prior year, respectively. This increase was primarily due to new generic drug introductions and our continual efforts to encourage plan members to use clinically appropriate generic drugs when they are available. We expect the trend in generic introductions to continue, albeit at a slower pace.

Operating Expenses
 
Operating expenses in our Pharmacy Services Segment include selling, general and administrative expenses; depreciation and amortization related to selling, general and administrative activities; and expenses related to specialty retail pharmacies, which includes store and administrative payroll, employee benefits and occupancy costs.
 
Operating expenses decreased $10 million to $306 million, or 1.2% as a percentage of net revenues, in the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $316 million, or 1.4% as a percentage of net revenues, in the prior year. Operating expenses decreased $30 million to $898 million, or 1.2% as a percentage of net revenues, in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $928 million, or 1.4% as a percentage of net revenues, in the prior year. Operating expenses as a percentage of net revenues improved slightly for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015. The decrease in operating expense dollars for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 was primarily due to lower integration costs from the Coram acquisition which occurred in January 2014.

34



Retail/LTC Segment
 
The following table summarizes our Retail/LTC Segment’s performance for the respective periods:

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
17,912

 
$
16,749

 
$
52,105

 
$
50,100

Gross profit
5,373

 
5,237

 
15,990

 
15,719

Gross profit % of net revenues
30.0
 %
 
31.3
 %
 
30.7
 %
 
31.4
 %
Operating expenses
3,730

 
3,710

 
10,940

 
10,737

Operating expense % of net revenues
20.8
 %
 
22.1
 %
 
21.0
 %
 
21.4
 %
Operating profit
1,643

 
1,527

 
5,050

 
4,982

Operating profit % of net revenues
9.2
 %
 
9.1
 %
 
9.7
 %
 
9.9
 %
Prescriptions filled (90 Day = 3 Rx) (1)
258.7

 
233.7

 
744.1

 
691.1

Net revenue increase (decrease):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Total
6.9
 %
 
3.1
 %
 
4.0
 %
 
3.5
 %