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Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number 1-5231
McDONALD’S CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
36-2361282
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
One McDonald’s Plaza
Oak Brook, Illinois
 
60523
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(630) 623-3000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  x  No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨  (do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨  No  x

797,185,588
(Number of shares of common stock
outstanding as of September 30, 2017)
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

McDONALD’S CORPORATION
___________________________
INDEX
_______
 
 
 
Page Reference
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A – Risk Factors
 
 
 
 
Item 6 – Exhibits
 
 
All trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners and are used with permission.

2

Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
In millions, except per share data
 
September 30,
2017
 
 
December 31,
2016
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
 
$
2,671.2

 
 
$
1,223.4

Accounts and notes receivable
 
1,569.0

 
 
1,474.1

Inventories, at cost, not in excess of market
 
54.2

 
 
58.9

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
495.9

 
 
565.2

Assets of businesses held for sale
 

 
 
1,527.0

Total current assets
 
4,790.3

 
 
4,848.6

Other assets
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in and advances to affiliates
 
999.8

 
 
725.9

Goodwill
 
2,373.3

 
 
2,336.5

Miscellaneous
 
2,417.6

 
 
1,855.3

Total other assets
 
5,790.7

 
 
4,917.7

Property and equipment
 
 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, at cost
 
36,038.9

 
 
34,443.4

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(14,060.3
)
 
 
(13,185.8
)
Net property and equipment
 
21,978.6

 
 
21,257.6

Total assets
 
$
32,559.6

 
 
$
31,023.9

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
685.2

 
 
$
756.0

Dividends payable
 
797.4

 
 

Income taxes
 
347.7

 
 
267.2

Other taxes
 
291.7

 
 
266.3

Accrued interest
 
279.2

 
 
247.5

Accrued payroll and other liabilities
 
1,123.2

 
 
1,159.3

Current maturities of long-term debt
 
215.8

 
 
77.2

Liabilities of businesses held for sale
 

 
 
694.8

Total current liabilities
 
3,740.2

 
 
3,468.3

Long-term debt
 
28,402.6

 
 
25,878.5

Other long-term liabilities
 
2,292.3

 
 
2,064.3

Deferred income taxes
 
1,602.1

 
 
1,817.1

Shareholders’ equity (deficit)
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value; authorized – 165.0 million shares; issued – none
 

 
 

Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized – 3.5 billion shares; issued – 1,660.6 million shares
 
16.6

 
 
16.6

Additional paid-in capital
 
6,994.1

 
 
6,757.9

Retained earnings
 
47,631.5

 
 
46,222.7

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(2,236.7
)
 
 
(3,092.9
)
Common stock in treasury, at cost; 863.4 and 841.3 million shares
 
(55,883.1
)
 
 
(52,108.6
)
Total shareholders’ equity (deficit)
 
(3,477.6
)
 
 
(2,204.3
)
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity (deficit)
 
$
32,559.6

 
 
$
31,023.9

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
 
September 30,
In millions, except per share data
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
 
$
3,064.3

 
 
$
3,972.1

 
 
$
10,045.8

 
 
$
11,642.2

Revenues from franchised restaurants
 
2,690.3

 
 
2,452.0

 
 
7,434.4

 
 
6,950.8

Total revenues
 
5,754.6

 
 
6,424.1

 
 
17,480.2

 
 
18,593.0

Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurant expenses
 
2,479.8

 
 
3,239.5

 
 
8,199.5

 
 
9,662.9

Franchised restaurants-occupancy expenses
 
457.3

 
 
437.6

 
 
1,325.4

 
 
1,283.6

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
567.0

 
 
582.9

 
 
1,613.7

 
 
1,757.0

Other operating (income) expense, net
 
(828.9
)
 
 
26.8

 
 
(1,066.9
)
 
 
114.0

Total operating costs and expenses
 
2,675.2

 
 
4,286.8

 
 
10,071.7

 
 
12,817.5

Operating income
 
3,079.4

 
 
2,137.3

 
 
7,408.5

 
 
5,775.5

Interest expense
 
236.7

 
 
221.4

 
 
686.2

 
 
663.6

Nonoperating (income) expense, net
 
23.2

 
 
11.4

 
 
33.9

 
 
(19.2
)
Income before provision for income taxes
 
2,819.5

 
 
1,904.5

 
 
6,688.4

 
 
5,131.1

Provision for income taxes
 
935.8

 
 
629.1

 
 
2,194.8

 
 
1,638.0

Net income
 
$
1,883.7

 
 
$
1,275.4

 
 
$
4,493.6

 
 
$
3,493.1

Earnings per common share-basic
 
$
2.34

 
 
$
1.52

 
 
$
5.54

 
 
$
4.04

Earnings per common share-diluted
 
$
2.32

 
 
$
1.50

 
 
$
5.48

 
 
$
4.01

Dividends declared per common share
 
$
1.95

 
 
$
0.89

 
 
$
3.83

 
 
$
2.67

Weighted-average shares outstanding-basic
 
805.3

 
 
841.4

 
 
811.8

 
 
864.7

Weighted-average shares outstanding-diluted
 
813.5

 
 
847.7

 
 
819.4

 
 
871.8

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
 
September 30,
In millions
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
Net income
 
$
1,883.7

 
 
$
1,275.4

 
 
$
4,493.6

 
 
$
3,493.1

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in accumulated other comprehensive
income (AOCI), including net investment hedges
247.3

 
 
50.7

 
 
780.6

 
 
255.0

Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
4.9

 
 

 
 
109.3

 
 
18.3

Foreign currency translation adjustments-net of tax
benefit (expense) of $104.0, $30.4, $376.4, and $(66.9)
252.2

 
 
50.7

 
 
889.9

 
 
273.3

Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI
(14.5
)
 
 
(1.3
)
 
 
(44.8
)
 
 
(8.4
)
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
9.1

 
 
1.8

 
 
3.2

 
 
(10.2
)
Cash flow hedges-net of tax benefit (expense) of $3.1, $(0.1),$23.5, and $10.6
(5.4
)
 
 
0.5

 
 
(41.6
)
 
 
(18.6
)
Defined benefit pension plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) recognized in AOCI

 
 
(0.1
)
 
 
(0.3
)
 
 
(0.9
)
Reclassification of (gain) loss to net income
2.9

 
 
1.1

 
 
8.2

 
 
3.4

Defined benefit pension plans-net of tax benefit (expense)
of $0.0, $0.1, $(0.5), and $0.1
2.9

 
 
1.0

 
 
7.9

 
 
2.5

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
249.7

 
 
52.2

 
 
856.2

 
 
257.2

Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
2,133.4

 
 
$
1,327.6

 
 
$
5,349.8

 
 
$
3,750.3

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
In millions
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
2017
 
 
2016
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
1,883.7

 
 
$
1,275.4

 
$
4,493.6

 
 
$
3,493.1

Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charges and credits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
355.8

 
 
370.6

 
1,020.6

 
 
1,137.6

Deferred income taxes
 
225.1

 
 
(216.0
)
 
375.6

 
 
(374.7
)
Share-based compensation
 
39.5

 
 
34.3

 
83.5

 
 
102.1

Net gain on sale of restaurant businesses
 
(902.0
)
 
 
(69.1
)
 
(1,065.2
)
 
 
(208.1
)
Other
 
(42.3
)
 
 
72.0

 
(67.8
)
 
 
397.2

Changes in working capital items
 
124.7

 
 
783.9

 
(398.4
)
 
 
697.5

Cash provided by operations
 
1,684.5

 
 
2,251.1

 
4,441.9

 
 
5,244.7

Investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(416.9
)
 
 
(405.3
)
 
(1,213.3
)
 
 
(1,149.6
)
Purchases of restaurant businesses
 
(20.8
)
 
 
(38.3
)
 
(38.9
)
 
 
(75.3
)
Sales of restaurant businesses
 
1.9

 
 
125.4

 
851.8

 
 
441.4

Proceeds from sale of businesses in China and Hong Kong
 
1,597.0

 
 

 
1,597.0

 
 

Sales of property
 
59.2

 
 
16.8

 
153.3

 
 
55.2

Other
 
(45.7
)
 
 
(49.7
)
 
(183.9
)
 
 
(82.4
)
Cash provided by (used for) investing activities
 
1,174.7

 
 
(351.1
)
 
1,166.0

 
 
(810.7
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net short-term borrowings
 
(55.8
)
 
 
(80.0
)
 
(834.3
)
 
 
(742.9
)
Long-term financing issuances
 
0.4

 
 
0.6

 
2,530.5

 
 
3,372.7

Long-term financing repayments
 
(3.6
)
 
 
(5.7
)
 
(407.1
)
 
 
(819.6
)
Treasury stock purchases
 
(2,081.7
)
 
 
(1,969.8
)
 
(3,937.4
)
 
 
(9,662.2
)
Common stock dividends
 
(755.3
)
 
 
(745.1
)
 
(2,287.4
)
 
 
(2,285.2
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises
 
82.5

 
 
36.1

 
373.1

 
 
249.9

Other
 
3.5

 
 
(11.8
)
 
(1.1
)
 
 
(3.9
)
Cash used for financing activities
 
(2,810.0
)
 
 
(2,775.7
)
 
(4,563.7
)
 
 
(9,891.2
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
 
76.2

 
 
14.4

 
229.6

 
 
38.4

Cash and equivalents increase (decrease)
 
125.4

 
 
(861.3
)
 
1,273.8

 
 
(5,418.8
)
Change in cash balances of businesses held for sale
 
153.4

 
 

 
174.0

 
 

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
 
2,392.4

 
 
3,128.0

 
1,223.4

 
 
7,685.5

Cash and equivalents at end of period
 
$
2,671.2

 
 
$
2,266.7

 
$
2,671.2

 
 
$
2,266.7

See Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s December 31, 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for the full year.

Sale of McDonald's Businesses in China and Hong Kong
As previously announced, the Company completed the sale of its businesses in China and Hong Kong on July 31, 2017, comprising over 2,700 restaurants. The Company recorded a pre-tax gain of approximately $850 million reflecting the difference between $1.6 billion of cash proceeds and the net book value of the businesses. The gain also includes an increase to fair value of the retained 20% ownership in the entity that is operating the business subsequent to the transaction.
Based on the December 2016 approval of the sale by the Company’s Board of Directors, the Company concluded that the China and Hong Kong businesses were “Held for Sale” as of December 31, 2016. In accordance with the requirements of ASC 360 “Property, Plant and Equipment," the Company ceased recording depreciation expense with respect to the assets of both markets effective January 1, 2017, and reflected total assets and liabilities related to these businesses as held for sale on the December 31, 2016, condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Subsequent to the transaction, the Company is realizing its proportionate share of the entity's income. In addition, revenues have shifted from a combination of sales by Company-operated restaurants and franchised rent and royalty to franchised royalty only. The Company is now reporting the results for China and Hong Kong, as well as classifying related sales and restaurants, as affiliated.

Restaurant Information
The following table presents restaurant information by ownership type:
Restaurants at September 30,
2017
 
2016
Conventional franchised
21,214

 
21,456

Developmental licensed
6,824

 
5,742

Foreign affiliated
5,708

 
3,361

Total Franchised
33,746

 
30,559

Company-operated
3,230

 
6,056

Systemwide restaurants
36,976

 
36,615


The results of operations of restaurant businesses purchased and sold in transactions with franchisees were not material either individually or in the aggregate to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods prior to purchase and sale.

Per Common Share Information
Diluted earnings per common share is calculated using net income divided by diluted weighted-average shares. Diluted weighted-average shares include weighted-average shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect of share-based compensation, calculated using the treasury stock method, of 8.2 million shares and 6.3 million shares for the quarters 2017 and 2016, respectively, and 7.6 million shares and 7.1 million shares for the nine months 2017 and 2016, respectively. Stock options that would have been antidilutive, and therefore were not included in the calculation of diluted weighted-average shares, totaled 0.1 million shares and 4.2 million shares for the quarters 2017 and 2016, respectively, and 0.7 million shares and 1.2 million shares for the nine months 2017 and 2016, respectively.
In September 2017, McDonald's Board of Directors declared a fourth quarter dividend of $1.01 per share of common stock, resulting in $797.4 million of dividends payable in December 2017.

Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value. Fair value disclosures are reflected in a three-level hierarchy, maximizing the use of observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs. The Company did not have any significant changes to the valuation techniques used to measure fair value as described in the Company's December 31, 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
At September 30, 2017, the fair value of the Company’s debt obligations was estimated at $30.7 billion, compared to a carrying amount of $28.6 billion. The fair value was based upon quoted market prices, Level 2 within the valuation hierarchy. The carrying amounts of cash and equivalents, short-term investments and notes receivable approximate fair value.

7

Table of Contents

Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company is exposed to global market risks, including the effect of changes in interest rates and foreign currency fluctuations. The Company uses foreign currency denominated debt and derivative instruments to mitigate the impact of these changes. The Company does not hold or issue derivatives for trading purposes.
The following table presents the fair values of derivative instruments included on the condensed consolidated balance sheet:
  
Derivative Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
In millions
September 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
$
11.0

 
 
$
36.9

 
 
$
(42.7
)
 
 
$
(3.7
)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
152.6

 
 
144.4

 
 
(12.0
)
 
 
(1.9
)
Total derivatives
 
$
163.6

 
 
$
181.3

 
 
$
(54.7
)
 
 
$
(5.6
)

The following table presents the pre-tax amounts from derivative instruments affecting income and other comprehensive income (“OCI”) for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively:
 
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Accumulated OCI
 
Gain (Loss) Reclassified
into Income from
Accumulated OCI
 
Gain (Loss) Recognized in
Income on Derivative
 
 
 
 
 
 
In millions
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Cash Flow Hedges
 
$
(70.1
)
 
 
$
(13.6
)
 
 
$
(5.0
)
 
 
$
15.6

 

 
 

 
Net Investment Hedges
 
$
(1,393.5
)
 
 
$
(96.5
)
 
 
$
8.6

 
 
$
(18.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Undesignated derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
40.3


 
$
(4.1
)

Fair Value Hedges
The Company enters into fair value hedges that convert a portion of its fixed-rate debt into floating-rate debt by use of interest rate swaps. At September 30, 2017, $2.3 billion of the Company's outstanding fixed-rate debt was effectively converted. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recognized a $1.0 million loss on fair value interest rate swaps, which was exactly offset by a corresponding gain in the fair value of the hedged debt instruments.
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company enters into cash flow hedges to reduce the exposure to variability in certain expected future cash flows.
To protect against the reduction in value of forecasted foreign currency cash flows (such as royalties denominated in foreign currencies), the Company uses foreign currency forwards to hedge a portion of anticipated exposures. The hedges cover the next 18 months for certain exposures and are denominated in various currencies. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had derivatives outstanding with an equivalent notional amount of $791.5 million that hedged a portion of forecasted foreign currency denominated royalties.
Based on market conditions at September 30, 2017, the $18.7 million in cumulative cash flow hedging losses, after tax, is not expected to have a significant effect on earnings over the next 12 months.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company primarily uses foreign currency denominated debt (third party and intercompany) and foreign currency forwards to hedge its investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates. Realized and unrealized translation adjustments from these hedges are included in shareholders' equity in the foreign currency translation component of OCI and offset translation adjustments on the underlying net assets of foreign subsidiaries and affiliates, which also are recorded in OCI. As of September 30, 2017, $10.1 billion of the Company's third party foreign currency denominated debt, $3.8 billion of intercompany foreign currency denominated debt and $897.5 million of derivatives were designated to hedge investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates.
Credit Risk
The Company is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of non-performance by its derivative counterparties. The Company did not have significant exposure to any individual counterparty at September 30, 2017 and has master agreements that contain netting arrangements. For financial reporting purposes, the Company presents gross derivative balances in the financial statements and supplementary data, including for counterparties subject to netting arrangements. Some of these agreements also require each party to post collateral if credit ratings fall below, or aggregate exposures exceed, certain contractual limits. At September 30, 2017, the Company was required to post an immaterial amount of collateral due to the negative fair value of certain derivative positions. The Company's counterparties were not required to post collateral on any derivative position, other than on hedges of certain of the Company’s supplemental benefit plan liabilities where the counterparties were required to post collateral on their liability positions.

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Segment Information
The Company franchises and operates McDonald’s restaurants in the global restaurant industry. The following reporting segments reflect how management reviews and evaluates operating performance.
U.S. - the Company's largest segment.
International Lead Markets - established markets including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the U.K. and related markets.
High Growth Markets - markets the Company believes have relatively higher restaurant expansion and franchising potential including China, Italy, Korea, Poland, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, the Netherlands and related markets.
Foundational Markets & Corporate - the remaining markets in the McDonald's system, each of which the Company believes has the potential to operate under a largely franchised model. Corporate activities are also reported within this segment.
The following table presents the Company’s revenues and operating income by segment:
 
Quarters Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
  
September 30,
 
September 30,
In millions
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
$
2,023.3

 
$
2,072.5

 
$
6,000.7

 
$
6,215.2

International Lead Markets
1,970.5

 
1,881.2

 
5,427.2

 
5,452.5

High Growth Markets
1,322.1

 
1,651.3

 
4,538.5

 
4,644.1

Foundational Markets & Corporate
438.7

 
819.1

 
1,513.8

 
2,281.2

Total revenues
$
5,754.6

 
$
6,424.1

 
$
17,480.2

 
$
18,593.0

Operating Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
$
1,034.6

 
$
977.5

 
$
3,055.4

 
$
2,836.6

International Lead Markets
913.6

 
754.1

 
2,356.2

 
2,127.2

High Growth Markets
1,073.8

 
320.1

 
1,724.0

 
814.7

Foundational Markets & Corporate
57.4

 
85.6

 
272.9

 
(3.0
)
Total operating income
$
3,079.4

 
$
2,137.3

 
$
7,408.5

 
$
5,775.5



Recently Issued Accounting Standards
Intangibles
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which removes the requirement to compare the implied fair value of goodwill with its carrying amount as part of step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. As a result, an impairment charge will be recorded based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company does not expect an impact to the consolidated financial statements from the adoption of ASU 2017-04.
Income Taxes
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory.” The goal of this update is to improve the accounting for the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. ASU 2016-16 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods. The Company anticipates ASU 2016-16 will have a material impact on the consolidated balance sheet, primarily resulting in additional deferred tax assets and a related reduction in prepaid assets, but little to no impact on the consolidated statements of income and cash flows.
Lease Accounting
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company anticipates ASU 2016-02 will have a material impact on the consolidated balance sheet. The impact of ASU 2016-02 is non-cash in nature, as such, it will not affect the Company’s cash flows. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02 on the consolidated statement of income.




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Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, "Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers," which amends the guidance in former ASC 605, "Revenue Recognition." The core principle of the standard is to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard also calls for additional disclosures around the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. The Company will adopt the standard effective January 1, 2018.
The standard may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of adoption ("modified retrospective method"). The Company currently expects to apply the modified retrospective method upon adoption.
The Company does not believe the standard will impact its recognition of revenue from Company-operated restaurants or its recognition of royalties from restaurants operated by franchisees or licensed to affiliates and developmental licensees, which are based on a percent of sales. While we continue to assess the potential impacts to other less significant revenue transactions, we currently expect the standard will change the way initial fees from franchisees for new restaurant openings or new franchise terms are recognized.
The Company's current accounting policy is to recognize initial franchise fees when a new restaurant opens or at the start of a new franchise term. In accordance with the new guidance, the initial franchise services are not distinct from the continuing rights or services offered during the term of the franchise agreement, and will therefore be treated as a single performance obligation. As such, initial fees received will likely be recognized over the franchise term.
Although the standard will impact the manner in which we record revenue from initial fees, we do not anticipate this impact to be material to the Company’s consolidated statement of income. The cumulative catch-up adjustment to be recorded as deferred revenue upon adoption is expected to be approximately 2% of the Company's consolidated long-term liabilities. No impact to the Company's consolidated statement of cash flows is expected as the initial fees will continue to be collected upon the restaurant opening date or the beginning of a new franchise term.

Subsequent Events
The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. There were no subsequent events that required recognition or disclosure.

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Item  2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
The Company franchises and operates McDonald’s restaurants. Of the 36,976 restaurants in 120 countries at September 30, 2017, 33,746 were licensed to franchisees (comprised of 21,214 franchised to conventional franchisees, 6,824 licensed to developmental licensees and 5,708 licensed to foreign affiliates (“affiliates”) – primarily in Japan and China) and 3,230 were operated by the Company.
Under McDonald's conventional franchise arrangement, franchisees provide a portion of the capital required by initially investing in the equipment, signs, seating and décor of their restaurant business, and by reinvesting in the business over time. The Company generally owns the land and building or secures long-term leases for both Company-operated and conventional franchised restaurant sites. This maintains long-term occupancy rights, helps control related costs and assists in alignment with franchisees enabling restaurant performance levels that are among the highest in the industry. In certain circumstances, the Company participates in the reinvestment for conventional franchised restaurants in an effort to accelerate implementation of certain initiatives.
Under McDonald's developmental license arrangement, licensees provide capital for the entire business, including the real estate interest, and the Company generally has no capital invested. In addition, the Company has an equity investment in a limited number of affiliates that invest in real estate and operate or franchise restaurants within a market.
McDonald's is primarily a franchisor and believes franchising is paramount to delivering great-tasting food, locally-relevant customer experiences and driving profitability. Franchising enables an individual to be his or her own employer and maintain control over all employment-related matters, marketing and pricing decisions, while also benefiting from the financial strength and global experience of McDonald's. However, directly operating restaurants is important to being a credible franchisor and provides Company personnel with restaurant operations experience. In Company-operated restaurants, and in collaboration with franchisees, McDonald's further develops and refines operating standards, marketing concepts and product and pricing strategies, so that only those that the Company believes are most beneficial are introduced in the restaurants. McDonald's continually reviews its mix of Company-operated and franchised restaurants to help optimize overall performance, with a goal to be approximately 95% franchised over the long term.
The strength of the alignment among the Company, its franchisees and suppliers (collectively referred to as the "System") is key to McDonald's long-term success. By leveraging the System, McDonald’s is able to identify, implement and scale ideas that meet customers' changing needs and preferences. McDonald's continually builds on its competitive advantages of System alignment and geographic diversification to deliver consistent, yet locally-relevant restaurant experiences to customers as an integral part of their communities.
The Company’s revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees. Revenues from conventional franchised restaurants include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales with minimum rent payments, and initial fees. Revenues from restaurants licensed to affiliates and developmental licensees include a royalty based on a percent of sales, and generally include initial fees. Fees vary by type of site, amount of Company investment, if any, and local business conditions. These fees, along with occupancy and operating rights, are stipulated in franchise/license agreements that generally have 20-year terms.
The business is structured into segments that combine markets with similar characteristics and opportunities for growth, and reflect how management reviews and evaluates operating performance. Significant reportable segments include the United States ("U.S."), International Lead Markets and High Growth Markets. In addition, throughout this report we present the Foundational Markets & Corporate segment which includes markets in over 80 countries, as well as Corporate activities. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the U.S., the International Lead Markets and the High Growth Markets accounted for 34%, 31% and 26% of total revenues, respectively.
Strategic Direction
The Company is focused on delivering long-term growth through execution of its customer-centric growth strategy - the Velocity Growth Plan. This plan outlines actions to drive sustainable guest count growth, a reliable long-term measure of the Company's strength that is vital to growing sales and shareholder value.
The actions include efforts to retain existing customers, regain lapsed customers and convert casual customers to committed customers by serving quality food and providing good value, while offering convenience on the customers' terms. In each of these areas, we have established sustainable platforms grounded in critical customer insights that have enabled us to execute our plan with greater speed, efficiency and impact, and our results demonstrate that these actions are resonating with our customers.
The Company continues to scale the following accelerators to further build upon its food and value foundations, which provide more ways for customers to experience McDonald's:
Experience of the Future ("EOTF"). Focuses on restaurant modernization and technology, in order to transform the restaurant service experience and drive incremental customer visits and higher average check. The Company's priority with this initiative is to have EOTF deployed in about 2,500 restaurants in the U.S. by the end of 2017, with the goal to complete the modernization by 2020.
Digital. Places renewed emphasis on improving the Company's existing service model (i.e., eat in, take out, or drive-thru) and strengthens its relationships with customers by evolving its technology platforms to simplify how customers order, pay and are served

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through additional functionality on its global mobile app and self-order kiosks, as well as table service and curb-side pick-up. Mobile order and pay will be launched in 20,000 restaurants in some of our largest markets, including approximately 14,000 restaurants in the U.S., by the end of 2017.
Delivery. Offers a platform with added convenience, bringing McDonald's food to customers on their terms. The Company is encouraged by the initial results and is strategically scaling this initiative worldwide while applying learnings from the Company's best performing markets. The Company is leveraging its global brand and extensive restaurant footprint to optimize this growth opportunity.
We continue to make progress in our key areas of focus, which has enabled us to build global momentum that we expect will continue to grow over time.
Financial Performance
Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation, as well as impairment and other strategic charges and gains, and generally bases incentive compensation plans on these results, because the Company believes this better represents underlying business trends.
Financial performance in the third quarter reflected broad-based strength and momentum across the entire business. Global comparable sales increased 6.0% for the quarter and 5.6% for the nine months. The Company continues to enhance the strength and stability of its business by evolving to a more heavily franchised structure. The refranchising strategy has been a key part of transforming McDonald's into a more purposeful, more stable and more efficient organization focused on continuing to grow top-line sales.
U.S. comparable sales increased 4.1% for the quarter and 3.3% for the nine months, reflecting the national beverage and McPick 2 value promotions, along with the continued success of the Signature Crafted premium sandwich platform.
Comparable sales for the International Lead segment increased 5.7% for the quarter and 5.0% for the nine months, led by continued momentum in the U.K. and Canada, as well as positive results across all other markets.
In the High Growth segment, comparable sales increased 6.2% for the quarter and 5.7% for the nine months, led by strong performance in China and positive results across the majority of the segment.
Results for the quarter and nine months reflected stronger operating performance and G&A savings. The nine months also benefited from lower depreciation expense, primarily in China and Hong Kong, that in accordance with Held for Sale accounting rules ceased recording depreciation, and improved performance in Japan.
In addition, results for both periods benefited from the Company's sale of its businesses in China and Hong Kong, which closed on July 31, 2017. The Company recorded a pre-tax gain of approximately $850 million related to this sale. For the quarter, this gain was partially offset by $111 million of unrelated pre-tax non-cash impairment charges. Results for 2016 included pre-tax strategic charges of $128 million for the quarter and $357 million for the nine months, consisting primarily of charges related to the Company's global G&A and refranchising initiatives. Excluding the impact of these current year and prior year items, diluted earnings per share increased 9% (7% in constant currencies) for the quarter, and 15% (16% in constant currencies) for the nine months.
Third Quarter and Nine Months 2017 Highlights:
Global comparable sales increased 6.0% for the quarter and 5.6% for the nine months, reflecting positive guest counts in all segments
Due to the impact of the Company's strategic refranchising initiative, consolidated revenues decreased 10% (12% in constant currencies) for the quarter and 6% (6% in constant currencies) for the nine months
Systemwide sales increased 7% in constant currencies for both the quarter and the nine months, due to strong comparable sales performance and restaurant expansion
Consolidated operating income increased 44% (42% in constant currencies) for the quarter and 28% (29% in constant currencies) for the nine months. Both periods benefited from a gain of approximately $850 million on the sale of the Company's businesses in China and Hong Kong. Excluding the impact of the gain, as well as unrelated strategic charges for both periods in the current and prior year, consolidated operating income increased 5% (3% in constant currencies) for the quarter, and 10% (10% in constant currencies) for the nine months. This growth primarily reflects strong comparable sales performance across all segments
Diluted earnings per share of $2.32 increased 55% (53% in constant currencies) for the quarter and $5.48 for the nine months increased 37% (38% in constant currencies). Excluding the impact of the gain, as well as unrelated strategic charges for both periods in the current and prior year, diluted earnings per share increased 9% (7% in constant currencies) for the quarter and 15% (16% in constant currencies) for the nine months
Returned $2.9 billion to shareholders through share repurchases and dividends for the quarter. This brings the year-to-date return to shareholders to $6.3 billion


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Outlook
While the Company does not provide specific guidance on earnings per share, the following information is provided to assist in forecasting the Company’s future results.
Changes in Systemwide sales are driven by comparable sales and net restaurant unit expansion. The Company expects net restaurant additions to add approximately 1 percentage point to 2017 Systemwide sales growth (in constant currencies).
The Company does not generally provide specific guidance on changes in comparable sales. However, as a perspective, assuming no change in cost structure, a 1 percentage point change in comparable sales for either the U.S. or the International Lead segment would change annual diluted earnings per share by about 4 to 5 cents.
With about 75% of McDonald's grocery bill comprised of 10 different commodities, a basket of goods approach is the most comprehensive way to look at the Company's commodity costs. For the full-year 2017, costs for the total basket of goods are expected to increase about 1% in the U.S. and increase about 2% in the International Lead segment.
The Company expects full-year 2017 selling, general and administrative expenses to decrease about 7% in constant currencies.
Based on current interest and foreign currency exchange rates, the Company expects interest expense for the full-year 2017 to increase about 5% compared with 2016 due to higher average debt balances.
A significant part of the Company's operating income is generated outside the U.S., and about 35% of its total debt is denominated in foreign currencies. Accordingly, earnings are affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly the Euro, British Pound, Australian Dollar and Canadian Dollar. Collectively, these currencies represent approximately 70% of the Company's operating income outside the U.S. If all four of these currencies moved by 10% in the same direction, the Company's annual diluted earnings per share would change by about 25 cents.
The Company expects the effective income tax rate for the full-year 2017 to be in the 32-33% range.
The Company expects capital expenditures for 2017 to be approximately $1.7 billion, about one-third of which will be used to open new restaurants. The Company expects to open about 900 restaurants, including about 500 restaurants in affiliated and developmental licensee markets where the Company generally does not fund any capital expenditures. The remaining two-thirds of capital will be used to reinvest in existing locations, including about 650 reimages in the U.S. When combined with previously modernized restaurants that will be updated with EOTF elements in 2017, we expect to have about 2,500 EOTF restaurants in the U.S. by the end of 2017.
In addition, the Company has other long-term targets that are detailed in its Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
The Following Definitions Apply to these Terms as Used Throughout this Form 10-Q:
Information in constant currency is calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates. Management reviews and analyzes business results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation and bases incentive compensation plans on these results because they believe this better represents the Company’s underlying business trends.
Systemwide sales include sales at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees. While franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, management believes the information is important in understanding the Company’s financial performance, because these sales are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the financial health of the franchisee base.
Comparable sales represent sales at all restaurants and comparable guest counts represent the number of transactions at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees, in operation at least thirteen months including those temporarily closed. Some of the reasons restaurants may be temporarily closed include reimaging or remodeling, rebuilding, road construction and natural disasters. Comparable sales exclude the impact of currency translation. Comparable sales are driven by changes in guest counts and average check, which is affected by changes in pricing and product mix. Typically, pricing has a greater impact on average check than product mix. Management reviews the increase or decrease in comparable sales and comparable guest counts compared with the same period in the prior year to assess business trends.

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CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
Dollars in millions, except per share data
September 30, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
 
Amount
 
 
Increase/
(Decrease)

 
Amount
 
 
Increase/
(Decrease)

Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Company-operated restaurants
 
$
3,064.3

 
(23
)%
 
 
$
10,045.8

 
(14
)%
Revenues from franchised restaurants
 
2,690.3

 
10

 
 
7,434.4

 
7

Total revenues
 
5,754.6

 
(10
)
 
 
17,480.2

 
(6
)
Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company-operated restaurant expenses
 
2,479.8

 
(23
)
 
 
8,199.5

 
(15
)
Franchised restaurants-occupancy expenses
 
457.3

 
4

 
 
1,325.4

 
3

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
567.0

 
(3
)
 
 
1,613.7

 
(8
)
Other operating (income) expense, net
 
(828.9
)
 
n/m

 
 
(1,066.9
)
 
n/m

Total operating costs and expenses
 
2,675.2

 
(38
)
 
 
10,071.7

 
(21
)
Operating income
 
3,079.4

 
44

 
 
7,408.5

 
28

Interest expense
 
236.7

 
7

 
 
686.2

 
3

Nonoperating (income) expense, net
 
23.2

 
n/m

 
 
33.9

 
n/m

Income before provision for income taxes
 
2,819.5

 
48

 
 
6,688.4

 
30

Provision for income taxes
 
935.8

 
49

 
 
2,194.8

 
34

Net income
 
$
1,883.7

 
48
 %
 
 
$
4,493.6

 
29
 %
Earnings per common share-basic
 
$
2.34

 
54
 %
 
 
$
5.54

 
37
 %
Earnings per common share-diluted
 
$
2.32

 
55
 %
 
 
$
5.48

 
37
 %
n/m Not meaningful

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Impact of Foreign Currency Translation
While changes in foreign currency exchange rates affect reported results, McDonald's mitigates exposures, where practical, by purchasing goods and services in local currencies, financing in local currencies and hedging certain foreign-denominated cash flows. Results excluding the effect of foreign currency translation (also referred to as constant currency) are calculated by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates.
IMPACT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions, except per share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency
Translation
Benefit/ (Cost)
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
2017

 
 
2016

 
 
2017

Revenues
 
$
5,754.6

 
 
$
6,424.1

 
 
$
114.1

Company-operated margins
 
584.5

 
 
732.6

 
 
15.7

Franchised margins
 
2,233.0

 
 
2,014.4

 
 
29.9

Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
567.0

 
 
582.9

 
 
(6.5
)
Operating income
 
3,079.4

 
 
2,137.3

 
 
36.3

Net income
 
1,883.7

 
 
1,275.4

 
 
13.6

Earnings per share-diluted
 
$
2.32

 
 
$
1.50

 
 
$
0.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency
Translation
Benefit/ (Cost)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017

 
 
2016

 
 
2017

Revenues
 
$
17,480.2

 
 
$
18,593.0

 
 
$
(4.4
)
Company-operated margins
 
1,846.3

 
 
1,979.3

 
 
(3.5
)
Franchised margins
 
6,109.0

 
 
5,667.2

 
 
(29.5
)
Selling, general & administrative expenses
 
1,613.7

 
 
1,757.0

 
 
1.7

Operating income
 
7,408.5

 
 
5,775.5

 
 
(38.1
)
Net income
 
4,493.6

 
 
3,493.1

 
 
(30.0
)
Earnings per share-diluted
 
$
5.48

 
 
$
4.01

 
 
$
(0.04
)
The positive impact of foreign currency translation on consolidated operating results for the quarter primarily reflected the stronger Euro. The negative impact for the nine months primarily reflected the weaker British Pound.

Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Common Share
For the quarter, net income increased 48% (47% in constant currencies) to $1,883.7 million, and diluted earnings per share increased 55% (53% in constant currencies) to $2.32. Foreign currency translation had a positive impact of $0.02 on diluted earnings per share.
For the nine months, net income increased 29% (30% in constant currencies) to $4,493.6 million, and diluted earnings per share increased 37% (38% in constant currencies) to $5.48. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact of $0.04 on diluted earnings per share.
Results for the quarter and nine months reflected stronger operating performance and G&A savings. The nine months also benefited from lower depreciation expense, primarily in China and Hong Kong, that in accordance with Held for Sale accounting rules ceased recording depreciation, and improved performance in Japan.
In addition, results for both periods benefited from the Company's sale of its businesses in China and Hong Kong, which closed on July 31, 2017. The Company recorded a pre-tax gain of approximately $850 million related to this sale. For the quarter, this gain was partially offset by $111 million of unrelated pre-tax non-cash impairment charges. Results for 2016 included pre-tax strategic charges of $128 million for the quarter and $357 million for the nine months, consisting primarily of charges related to the Company's global G&A and refranchising initiatives. Excluding the impact of these current year and prior year items, diluted earnings per share increased 9% (7% in constant currencies) for the quarter, and 15% (16% in constant currencies) for the nine months.
Diluted earnings per share for both periods benefited from a decrease in diluted weighted-average shares outstanding due to share repurchases. During the quarter, the Company repurchased 13.8 million shares of stock for $2.2 billion, bringing total purchases for the nine months to 27.3 million shares or $4.0 billion. In addition, the Company paid a quarterly dividend of $0.94 per share, or $755.3 million, bringing the total dividends paid for the nine months to $2.3 billion.

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Revenues
Revenues consist of sales by Company-operated restaurants and fees from restaurants operated by franchisees. Revenues from conventional franchised restaurants include rent and royalties based on a percent of sales with minimum rent payments and initial fees. Revenues from franchised restaurants that are licensed to affiliates and developmental licensees include a royalty based on a percent of sales and generally include initial fees.
The Company has accelerated the pace of refranchising to optimize its restaurant ownership mix, generate more stable and predictable revenue and cash flow streams, and operate with a less resource-intensive structure. The shift to a greater percentage of franchised restaurants negatively impacts consolidated revenues as Company-operated sales are replaced by franchised sales, where the Company receives rent and/or royalty revenue based on a percentage of sales.
REVENUES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Company-operated sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
798.7

 
$
910.3

 
(12
)%
 
(12
)%
International Lead Markets
 
1,076.3

 
1,098.8

 
(2
)
 
(5
)
High Growth Markets
 
1,054.9

 
1,441.5

 
(27
)
 
(30
)
Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
134.4

 
521.5

 
(74
)
 
(75
)
Total
 
$
3,064.3

 
$
3,972.1

 
(23
)%
 
(25
)%
Franchised revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
1,224.6

 
$
1,162.2

 
5
 %
 
5
 %
International Lead Markets
 
894.2

 
782.4

 
14

 
10

High Growth Markets
 
267.2

 
209.8

 
27

 
23

Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
304.3

 
297.6

 
2

 
3

Total
 
$
2,690.3

 
$
2,452.0

 
10
 %
 
8
 %
Total revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
2,023.3

 
$
2,072.5

 
(2
)%
 
(2
)%
International Lead Markets
 
1,970.5

 
1,881.2

 
5

 
1

High Growth Markets
 
1,322.1

 
1,651.3

 
(20
)
 
(23
)
Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
438.7

 
819.1

 
(46
)
 
(47
)
Total
 
$
5,754.6

 
$
6,424.1

 
(10
)%
 
(12
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

Company-operated sales
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
U.S.
 
$
2,483.8

 
$
2,852.0

 
(13
)%
 
(13
)%
International Lead Markets
 
3,038.9

 
3,250.7

 
(7
)
 
(4
)
High Growth Markets
 
3,859.5

 
4,063.5

 
(5
)
 
(7
)
Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
663.6

 
1,476.0

 
(55
)
 
(56
)
Total
 
$
10,045.8

 
$
11,642.2

 
(14
)%
 
(14
)%
Franchised revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
3,516.9

 
$
3,363.2

 
5
 %
 
5
 %
International Lead Markets
 
2,388.3

 
2,201.8

 
8

 
9

High Growth Markets
 
679.0

 
580.6

 
17

 
17

Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
850.2

 
805.2

 
6

 
8

Total
 
$
7,434.4

 
$
6,950.8

 
7
 %
 
7
 %
Total revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
6,000.7

 
$
6,215.2

 
(3
)%
 
(3
)%
International Lead Markets
 
5,427.2

 
5,452.5

 
0

 
1

High Growth Markets
 
4,538.5

 
4,644.1

 
(2
)
 
(4
)
Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
1,513.8

 
2,281.2

 
(34
)
 
(34
)
Total
 
$
17,480.2

 
$
18,593.0

 
(6
)%
 
(6
)%

16

Table of Contents

Revenues: Revenues decreased 10% (12% in constant currencies) for the quarter and decreased 6% (6% in constant currencies) for the nine months.
U.S.: Revenues decreased for both periods as positive comparable sales were more than offset by the impact of refranchising.
International Lead Markets: Revenues increased for the quarter due to positive comparable sales across all markets, partly offset by the impact of refranchising. For the nine months, revenues were flat as the benefit from positive comparable sales was offset by foreign currency translation and the impact of refranchising.
High Growth Markets: Revenues decreased for both periods as positive comparable sales across most markets were more than offset by the impact of refranchising businesses in China and Hong Kong.
Comparable Sales and Guest Counts
The following table presents the percent change in comparable sales for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:
COMPARABLE SALES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase/ (Decrease)
 
Quarters Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

 
2017

 
2016

U.S.
4.1
%
 
1.3
%
 
3.3
%
 
2.7
%
International Lead Markets
5.7

 
3.3

 
5.0

 
3.6

High Growth Markets
6.2

 
1.5

 
5.7

 
2.2

Foundational Markets & Corporate
10.2

 
10.1

 
11.3

 
9.6

Total
6.0
%
 
3.5
%
 
5.6
%
 
4.2
%
On a consolidated basis, comparable guest counts (the number of transactions at all restaurants, whether operated by the Company or by franchisees, in operation at least thirteen months, including those temporarily closed) increased 2.1% and decreased 0.1% for the nine months ended 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Systemwide Sales and Franchised Sales
The following table presents the percent change in Systemwide sales for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017:
SYSTEMWIDE SALES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

 
Inc/ (Dec)

Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

U.S.
4
%
 
4
%
 
3
%
3
%
International Lead Markets
11

 
7

 
5

6

High Growth Markets
14

 
11

 
11

10

Foundational Markets & Corporate
8

 
12

 
10

13

Total
8
%
 
7
%
 
6
%
7
%








17

Table of Contents

Franchised sales are not recorded as revenues by the Company, but are the basis on which the Company calculates and records franchised revenues and are indicative of the health of the franchisee base. The following table presents Franchised sales and the related increases/(decreases):
FRANCHISED SALES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollars in millions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
2017

 
2016

 
Inc/ (Dec)

 
Inc/ (Dec)
Excluding
Currency
Translation

U.S.
 
$
8,869.2

 
$
8,391.0

 
6
%
 
6
%
International Lead Markets
 
5,175.7

 
4,534.1

 
14

 
10

High Growth Markets
 
2,083.6

 
1,305.4

 
60

 
55

Foundational Markets & Corporate
 
4,876.1

 
4,126.0

 
18

 
23

Total
 
$
21,004.6

 
$
18,356.5

 
14
%