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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number: 1-4717
KANSAS CITY SOUTHERN
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 ksu-20211231_g1.jpg
87-3882391
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
427 West 12th Street
Kansas City,Missouri64105
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

816.983.1303
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Preferred Stock, Par Value $25 Per Share, 4%, Noncumulative**
Common Stock, $.01 Per Share Par Value**
* See Explanatory Note
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨


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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer  ý Accelerated filer  ¨ Non-accelerated filer  ¨   Smaller reporting company   Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes      No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $25.63 billion as of June 30, 2021. There were 100 shares of $.01 par common stock outstanding as of January 31, 2022.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
None.
Explanatory Note
On December 14, 2021, the New York Stock Exchange LLC (the “NYSE”) filed Form 25s with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to delist the registrant’s common stock and preferred stock from the NYSE and to deregister the common stock and preferred stock under Section 12(b) of the Act. On December 27, 2021, the registrant filed with the SEC a Form 15 with respect to the common stock and preferred stock, requesting that the duty of the registrant to file reports under Section 13 of the Act with respect to such securities be terminated and the duty of the registrant to file reports under Section 15(d) of the Act with respect to such securities be suspended.


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KANSAS CITY SOUTHERN
2021 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT
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  Page
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.


2

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Item 1.Business
COMPANY OVERVIEW
Kansas City Southern, a Delaware corporation, is a holding company with domestic and international rail operations in North America that are strategically focused on the growing north/south freight corridor connecting key commercial and industrial markets in the central United States (“U.S.”) with major industrial cities in Mexico. As used herein, “KCS” or the “Company” may refer to Kansas City Southern or, as the context requires, to one or more subsidiaries of Kansas City Southern.
KCS controls and owns all of the stock of The Kansas City Southern Railway Company (“KCSR”), a U.S. Class I railroad founded in 1887. KCSR serves a ten-state region in the midwest and southeast regions of the United States and has the shortest north/south rail route between Kansas City, Missouri and several key ports along the Gulf of Mexico in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas.
KCS controls and owns all of the stock of Kansas City Southern de México, S.A. de C.V. (“KCSM”). Through its 50-year concession from the Mexican government (the “Concession”), which could expire in 2047 unless extended, KCSM operates a key commercial corridor of the Mexican railroad system and has as its core route the most strategic portion of the shortest, most direct rail passageway between Mexico City and Laredo, Texas. Laredo is a principal international gateway through which a substantial portion of rail and truck traffic between the United States and Mexico crosses the border. KCSM serves most of Mexico’s principal industrial cities and three of its major seaports. KCSM’s rail lines provide exclusive rail access to the United States and Mexico border crossing at Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. Under the Concession, KCSM has the right to use and operate the southern half of the rail bridge at Laredo, Texas, which spans the Rio Grande River between the United States and Mexico. The Company owns the northern half of this bridge through its ownership of Mexrail, Inc. (“Mexrail”).
KCSM also provides exclusive rail access to the port of Lazaro Cardenas on the Pacific Ocean. The Mexican government developed the port at Lazaro Cardenas principally to serve Mexican markets and as an alternative to the U.S. west coast ports for Asian and South American traffic bound for North America.
The Company wholly owns Mexrail which, in turn, wholly owns The Texas Mexican Railway Company (“Tex-Mex”). Tex-Mex owns a 160-mile rail line extending from Laredo, Texas to the port city of Corpus Christi, Texas, which connects the operations of KCSR with KCSM.
The KCS coordinated rail network (KCSR, KCSM and Tex-Mex, including trackage rights) comprises approximately 7,100 route miles extending from the midwest and southeast portions of the United States south into Mexico and connects with all other Class I railroads, providing shippers with an effective alternative to other railroad routes and giving direct access to Mexico and the southeast and southwest United States through alternate interchange hubs.
Panama Canal Railway Company (“PCRC”), an unconsolidated joint venture company owned equally by KCS and Mi-Jack Products, Inc. (“Mi-Jack”), was awarded a concession from the Republic of Panama to reconstruct and operate the Panama Canal Railway, a 47-mile railroad located adjacent to the Panama Canal that provides international container shipping companies with a railway transportation alternative to the Panama Canal. The concession was awarded in 1998 for an initial term of 25 years with an automatic renewal for an additional 25-year term. The Panama Canal Railway is a north-south railroad traversing the isthmus of Panama between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Other subsidiaries and affiliates of KCS include the following:
KCSM Servicios, S.A. de C.V. (“KCSM Servicios”), a wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiary that provided employee services to KCSM. In July 2021, KCSM Servicios was merged into KCSM;
Meridian Speedway, LLC (“MSLLC”), a seventy percent-owned consolidated affiliate that owns the former KCSR rail line between Meridian, Mississippi and Shreveport, Louisiana, which is the portion of the rail line between Dallas, Texas and Meridian known as the “Meridian Speedway.” Norfolk Southern Corporation, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, The Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company, owns the remaining thirty percent of MSLLC;
TFCM, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“TCM”), a forty-five percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate that operates a bulk liquid terminal in San Luis Potosí, Mexico;
Ferrocarril y Terminal del Valle de México, S.A. de C.V. (“FTVM”), a twenty-five percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate that provides railroad services as well as ancillary services in the greater Mexico City area; and

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PTC-220, LLC (“PTC-220”), a thirteen percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate that holds the licenses to large blocks of radio spectrum and other assets for Positive Train Control (“PTC”). See Government Regulation section for further information regarding PTC.

MERGER AGREEMENT
On September 15, 2021, KCS entered into a merger agreement (the “Merger Agreement”) for Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, a Canadian corporation (“CP”) to acquire KCS in a stock and cash transaction valued at $300 per common share. In December 2021, CP’s stockholders voted to approve the issuance of the CP common shares to KCS stockholders in connection with the proposed merger and KCS’s stockholders voted to approve the merger between KCS and CP.
On December 14, 2021, CP acquired the outstanding common and preferred stock of KCS. Each share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of KCS that was outstanding immediately prior to the merger was converted into the right to receive (1) 2.884 common shares of CP and (2) $90 in cash (together, the “Merger Consideration”), and each share of preferred stock, par value $25 per share, that was outstanding immediately prior to the merger was converted into the right to receive $37.50 in cash. The Merger Consideration value received by KCS stockholders was $301.20 per KCS common share. KCS stockholders were expected to own approximately 28% of CP’s outstanding common shares at the date of acquisition.
The merger transaction was completed through a series of mergers as outlined in the Merger Agreement. These mergers ultimately resulted in KCS being merged with and into Cygnus Merger Sub 1 Corporation (“Surviving Merger Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CP, with Surviving Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Surviving Merger Sub was renamed “Kansas City Southern” and as successor company of KCS, continued to own the assets of KCS. Immediately following the consummation of the mergers, CP caused the contribution, directly and indirectly, of all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of Surviving Merger Sub, as successor to KCS, to be deposited into an independent, irrevocable voting trust (the “Voting Trust”) under a voting trust agreement (the “Voting Trust Agreement”) approved by the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (“STB"), pending receipt of the final and non-appealable approval or exemption by the STB pursuant to 49 U.S.C. § 11323 et seq., of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (“STB Final Approval”). The Voting Trust prevents CP, or any affiliate of CP, from controlling or having the power to control KCS prior to STB Final Approval. Following receipt of STB Final Approval and approval from other applicable regulatory authorities, the Voting Trust will be terminated and CP will acquire control over KCS’s railroad operations. STB Final Approval is expected to be granted in the fourth quarter of 2022. The merger is further discussed within Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Information and Results of Operations — Merger Agreement.
MARKETS SERVED

2021 Revenues
Business Mix
Chemical and petroleum. This commodity group includes products such as chemicals, plastics, petroleum, liquefied petroleum gas, and petroleum refined products, such as gasoline and diesel. KCS transports these products across its network and through interchanges with other rail carriers. Refined fuels and liquefied petroleum gas groups of commodities primarily supply Mexican demand. The chemical and plastic products are used in the automotive, housing and packaging industries as well as in general manufacturing. KCS hauls petroleum products across its network and as U.S. petroleum refineries have continued to increase their refining capacity, they have coordinated with KCS to develop additional long-term storage opportunities that complement a fluid freight railroad operation.
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Industrial and consumer products. This commodity group includes forest products as well as metals and scrap. Forest

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products consist of shipments to and from paper and lumber mills in the southeast United States timber-producing region that KCS serves directly and indirectly through its various short-line connections. The United States is an important source of pulp paper and scrap paper for Mexico that ships by rail through KCS’s network. Metals and scrap consist of shipments of flat steel and long product as well as other minor moves of ores such as iron, zinc and copper. The majority of steel produced and metallic ore mined in Mexico are consumed within Mexico. Steel slab is used to make steel coils and plate-products that usually ship via rail. Higher-end finished products such as steel coils are used by Mexican manufacturers in automobiles, household appliances, the oil and gas industry, and other consumer goods that are imported from the United States through land borders and the seaports served by KCS’s rail network. KCS also transports steel coils, plates and pipe from U.S. and Mexican-based mini-mills to locations in the U.S. and Mexico for oil drilling, appliance and automotive applications. This commodity group also includes U.S. military transports, Mexico and U.S. domestic cement shipments and appliances manufactured in Mexico that are imported into the United States.
Agriculture and minerals. The agriculture and minerals commodity group consists primarily of grain and food products. Shipper demand for agriculture products is affected by competition among sources of grain and grain products, as well as price fluctuations in international markets for key commodities. In the United States, KCS’s rail lines receive and originate shipments of grain and grain products for delivery to feed mills and food and industrial consumers in the U.S. and Mexico. United States export grain shipments and Mexico import grain shipments include primarily corn, wheat, and soybeans. Food products consist mainly of soybean meal, grain meal, oils, distillers dried grains, corn syrup and sugar. Other shipments consist of a variety of products including ores, minerals, clay and glass used across North America.
Energy. The energy commodity group includes coal, frac sand, petroleum coke and crude oil. KCS hauls unit trains (trains transporting a single commodity from one source to one destination) of coal for electric generating plants in the central United States. The coal originates from the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and is interchanged to KCS at Kansas City, Missouri. Coal mined in the midwest United States is transported in non-unit trains to industrial consumers such as paper mills, steel mills, and cement companies. Frac sand originating primarily in Wisconsin, Illinois or Iowa is delivered to transloads located in northeast Texas, northern Louisiana and south Texas for distribution to gas and oil wells in the region. Frac sand business in Mexico is primarily for industrial purposes such as auto glass and bottle manufacturing. KCS’s shipments of frac sand to support the drilling industry have diminished over time as the use of in-basin frac sand has largely replaced frac sand originating in the upper Midwest. KCS transports petroleum coke from refineries in the United States to various industries in the U.S. and Mexico including export through the Pabtex terminal located in Port Arthur, TX. The majority of crude by rail business originates in Canada, with spot shipments coming from Texas, and is delivered to U.S. Gulf Coast refineries and tank farms in Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama.
Intermodal. The intermodal freight sector consists primarily of hauling freight containers or truck trailers on behalf of steamship lines, motor carriers, and intermodal marketing companies with rail carriers serving as long-distance haulers. KCS serves and supports the U.S. and Mexican markets, as well as cross-border traffic between the U.S. and Mexico. In light of the importance of trade between Asia and North America, the Company believes the Port of Lazaro Cardenas continues to be a strategically beneficial location for ocean carriers, manufacturers and retailers. Equally important, foreign direct investment in Mexico has caused the KCS Mexico/U.S. cross border corridor to emerge as an increasingly important tool for freight flow. The Company also provides premium service to customers over its line from Dallas through the Meridian Speedway— a critical link in creating the most direct route between the southwest and southeast/northeast U.S.
Automotive. KCS provides rail transportation to every facet of the automotive industry supply chain, including automotive manufacturers, assembly plants and distribution centers throughout North America. In addition, KCS transports finished vehicles imported and exported to and from various countries through a distribution facility at the Port of Lazaro Cardenas.
GOVERNMENT REGULATION
The Company’s United States operations are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations generally applicable to all businesses, subject to federal preemption under certain circumstances. Rail operations are also subject to the regulatory jurisdiction of the STB, the Federal Railroad Administration (“FRA”) and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (“PHMSA”) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”), as well as other federal and state regulatory agencies. The STB has jurisdiction over disputes and complaints involving certain rates and charges, routes and services, the sale or abandonment of rail lines, applications for line extensions and construction, and consolidation or merger with, or acquisition of control of, rail common carriers, including the

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Company’s merger with CP. DOT and OSHA each has jurisdiction under several federal statutes over a number of safety and health aspects of rail operations, including the transportation of hazardous materials.
The Company operates PTC on all required sections of its U.S. rail network, locomotives, and wayside assets and is fully interoperable with the required Class I freight railroads and Amtrak. PTC is a technology designed to help prevent train-to-train collisions, overspeed derailments, incursions into rail work zones, and entry to main line track if a switch is misaligned at certain locations, including main line track where toxic inhalation hazard or poison inhalation hazard movements occur or where passenger operations occur. The implementation of PTC from 2008 through 2020 has increased operating costs and the number of Company employees, and required a significant investment in new safety technology. The Company will continue to leverage PTC technology and make investments in new safety technology to improve operations and safety of the rail network.
KCS’s U.S. subsidiaries are subject to extensive federal, state and local environmental regulations. These laws cover discharges to water, air emissions, toxic substances, and the generation, handling, storage, transportation and disposal of waste and hazardous materials. These regulations have the effect of increasing the costs, risks and liabilities associated with rail operations. Environmental risks are also inherent in rail operations, which frequently involve transporting chemicals and other hazardous materials.
Primary regulatory oversight of the Company’s Mexican operations is provided by the Mexican Agencia Reguladora del Transporte Ferroviario (“Regulatory Agency of Rail Transportation” or “ARTF”). The ARTF establishes regulations concerning railway safety and operations, and is responsible for resolving disputes between railways and customers. KCSM must register its maximum rates with the ARTF and make regular reports to the ARTF and the Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes (“Secretary of Communications and Transportation” or “SCT”). KCSM must provide reports on investments, traffic volumes, theft and vandalism on the general right of way, customer complaints, fuel consumption, number of locomotives, railcars and employees, and activities around maintenance of way, sidings and spurs, among other financial information and reports. The Company may freely set rates on a non-discriminatory basis up to the maximum rates registered with the ARTF. At any time, the ARTF may request additional information regarding the determination of such rates and may issue recommendations with respect to proposed rate increases. If the ARTF or another party considers there to be no effective competition, they may request an opinion from the Comisión Federal de Competencia Económica (“Mexican Antitrust Commission” or “COFECE”) regarding market conditions. If the COFECE determines that there is no effective competition for particular movements, the ARTF could set rates for those movements or grant limited trackage rights to another railroad while the condition of no effective competition remains.
KCSM holds a Concession from the Mexican government until June 2047 (exclusively through 2027, subject to certain trackage and haulage rights granted to other concessionaires), which is renewable under certain conditions for additional periods of up to 50 years. The Concession authorizes KCSM to provide freight transportation services over north-east rail lines, which are a primary commercial corridor of the Mexican railroad system. KCSM is required to provide freight railroad services to all users on a fair and non-discriminatory basis and in accordance with efficiency and safety standards approved periodically by the Mexican government. KCSM has the right to use, but does not own, all track and buildings that are necessary for the rail lines’ operation. KCSM is obligated to maintain the right of way, track structure, buildings and related maintenance facilities to the operational standards specified in the Concession agreement and to return the assets in that condition at the end of the Concession period. During the remainder of the Concession period, KCSM is required to pay the Mexican government an annual concession duty equal to 1.25% of gross revenues. The ARTF may request information to verify KCSM´s compliance with the Concession and any applicable regulatory framework.
The Company’s Mexican operations are subject to Mexican federal and state laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment through the establishment of standards for water discharge, water supply, emissions, noise pollution, hazardous substances and transportation and handling of hazardous and solid waste. The Mexican government may bring administrative and criminal proceedings and impose economic sanctions against companies that violate environmental laws, and temporarily or even permanently close non-complying facilities.
Noncompliance with applicable legal provisions may result in the imposition of fines, temporary or permanent shutdown of operations or other injunctive relief, criminal prosecution or, with respect to KCSM, the termination of the Concession. KCS maintains environmental provisions that are believed by management to be appropriate with respect to known and existing environmental contamination of its properties that KCS may be responsible to remedy.
Government regulations are further discussed within Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Information and Results of Operations — Mexico Regulatory and Legal Updates.

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COMPETITION
The Company competes against other railroads, many of which are much larger and have significantly greater financial and other resources. The railroad industry in North America is dominated by a few very large carriers. The larger U.S. western railroads (BNSF Railway Company and Union Pacific Railroad Company), in particular, are significant competitors of KCS because of their substantial resources and competitive routes.
In Mexico, KCSM’s operations are subject to competition from other railroads, particularly Ferrocarril Mexicano, S.A. de C.V. (“Ferromex”) and Ferrosur, S.A. de C.V. (“Ferrosur”), both controlled by Grupo Mexico S.A.B. de C.V. Ferromex and Ferrosur together are much larger and have significantly greater financial and other resources than KCSM, serving most of the major ports and cities in Mexico and together owning fifty percent of FTVM, which serves industries located in the Mexico City area.
The Company is subject to competition from motor carriers, barge lines and other maritime shipping, which compete across certain routes in KCS’s operating areas. In the past, truck carriers have generally eroded the railroad industry’s share of total transportation revenues. Intermodal traffic and certain other traffic face highly price sensitive competition, particularly from motor carriers. However, moving freight by train instead of truck reduces greenhouse gas emissions by up to 75%. Rail carriers, including KCS, have placed an emphasis on improving fuel efficiency and competing in the intermodal marketplace to regain market share and provide end-to-end transportation of products.
While deregulation of U.S. freight rates has enhanced the ability of railroads to compete with each other and with alternative modes of transportation, this increased competition has generally resulted in downward pressure on freight rates since deregulation. Competition with other railroads and other modes of transportation is generally based on the rates charged, the quality and reliability of the service provided and the quality of the carrier’s equipment for certain commodities.
RAIL SECURITY
The Company and its rail subsidiaries have continued to research, develop and implement multidisciplinary approaches to secure the Company’s assets and personnel against transnational criminal organizations that actively target transportation networks. In addition, the Company has developed a variety of vertically integrated strategies to mitigate the risk terrorist attacks could pose to the Company, its personnel and assets. Many of the specific measures the Company utilizes for these efforts are required to be kept confidential through arrangements with government agencies, such as the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”), or through jointly-developed and implemented strategies and plans with connecting carriers.
KCSR and KCSM developed a proprietary security plan based on an industry-wide plan developed by the Association of American Railroads (“AAR”) members which focuses on comprehensive risk assessments in five areas — hazardous materials; train operations; critical physical assets; military traffic; and information technology and communications. The security plan is kept confidential, with access to the plan tightly limited to members of management with direct security and anti-terrorism implementation responsibilities. The Company participates with other AAR members in periodic drills under the industry plan to test and refine its various provisions.
The Company also uses information technology in various ways in its operations. The risks associated with this technology from cyber attacks has increased in recent years. The Company continues to monitor these threats and attempted cyber attacks, and has put in place multi-layered safeguards to protect the Company’s operations as well as its assets and digital information from cyber attacks.
To protect the confidentiality and sensitivity of both the AAR plans and the proprietary strategies the Company has developed to safeguard against criminal enterprises, terrorism, and other security and safety threats, the following paragraphs will provide only a general overview of some of these efforts.
The Company’s security activities range from constant due diligence to providing security awareness updates to KCS employees and including safety and security information on the Company’s internet website (which can be found under the “Corporate Responsibility” tab at www.kcsouthern.com) to its ongoing implementation of security plans for rail facilities in areas labeled by the DHS as High Threat Urban Areas (“HTUAs”). The Company’s other activities to bolster security against terrorism include, but are not limited to, the following:
Conferring regularly with other railroads’ security personnel and with industry experts on security issues;
Routing shipments of certain chemicals, which might be toxic if inhaled, pursuant to federal regulations;

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Initiating a series of over 20 voluntary action items agreed to between AAR and DHS as enhancing security in the rail industry;
Conducting constant and targeted security training as part of the scheduled training for operating employees and managers;
Developing smartphone applications to ensure immediate information, live video and pictures from security supervisors and protection assets pertaining to potential operational risks;
Developing a multi-layered security model using high-speed digital imaging, system velocity and covert and overt security filters to mitigate the risk of illicit activity;
Measuring key security metrics to ensure positive risk mitigation and product integrity trends;
Performing constant due diligence with the existing security model and by benchmarking rail security, including cyber security, on a world-wide basis to monitor threat streams related to rail incidents;
Implementing a Tactical Intelligence Center by KCSM, which provides constant training with core members in new technology helping to prevent, detect, deter, deny and respond to potentially illicit activities; and
Deploying an array of non-intrusive technologies including, but not limited to, digital video surveillance and analytics as part of an intelligent video security solution, including a closed circuit television platform with geo-fencing for intrusion detection, to allow for remote viewing access to monitor ports of entry, intermodal and rail yards.
In addition, the Company utilizes dedicated security personnel with extensive special operations forces, intelligence, and law enforcement backgrounds to oversee the ongoing and increasingly complex security efforts of the Company in both the United States and Mexico. While the risk of theft and vandalism is higher in Mexico, KCSM remains among the safest methods of transportation for freight shipments in Mexico. KCSM’s record in rail safety is due in large part to the implementation of a multi-layered safety and security process throughout the KCSM network. In addition to having its own internal system, the process is connected to, and supported by a high level of federal, state and local law enforcement. A primary focus of this effort involves maintaining constant diligence, intelligence and counterintelligence operations, technology-reporting applications and active vigilance while enhancing overall system velocity, which reduces the residual risk for incidents to occur.
RAILWAY LABOR ACT
Labor relations in the U.S. railroad industry are subject to extensive governmental regulation under the Railway Labor Act (“RLA”). Under the RLA, national labor agreements are renegotiated on an industry-wide scale when they become open for modification, but their terms remain in effect until new agreements are reached or the RLA’s procedures (which include mediation, cooling-off periods, and the possibility of presidential intervention) are exhausted. Contract negotiations with the various unions generally take place over an extended period of time and the Company rarely experiences work stoppages during negotiations. Wages, health and welfare benefits, work rules and other issues have traditionally been addressed during these negotiations.
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Approximately 72% of KCSR employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements. These agreements do not have expiration dates, but rather remain in place until modified by subsequent agreements. KCSR participates in industry-wide multi-employer bargaining as a member of the National Carriers’ Conference Committee (the “NCCC”), as well as local bargaining for agreements that are limited to KCSR's property. Multi-employer agreements are subject to a procedure that allows requests for changes to be served every five years. Long-term agreements were reached voluntarily or through the arbitration process during 2017 and 2018 covering all of the participating unions. The terms of these agreements will remain in effect until new agreements are reached in the current national bargaining round. In November 2019, KCSR and its unions commenced negotiations in connection with the 2020 bargaining round.
During July 2021, KCSM Servicios merged into KCSM in response to Mexico Outsourcing Reform (further discussed within Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Information and Results of Operations — Mexico Regulatory and Legal Updates), resulting in KCSM Servicios employees becoming employees of KCSM. KCSM Servicios union employees were covered by one labor agreement, which was signed on April 16, 2012, between KCSM Servicios and the Sindicato de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros de la República Mexicana (“Mexican Railroad Union”). Upon the merger between KCSM Servicios and KCSM, these union employees continue to be covered under this existing labor agreement, which remains in effect during the period of the Concession for the purpose of regulating the relationship between the parties. Approximately

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77% of KCSM employees are covered by this labor agreement. The compensation terms under this labor agreement are subject to renegotiation on an annual basis and all other benefits are subject to negotiation every two years. The parties finalized negotiations over compensation terms and benefits that applied until June 30, 2021, along with other terms, and remain in effect until new terms have been negotiated.
Union labor negotiations have not historically resulted in any strike, boycott or other disruption in the Company’s business operations.
INFORMATION ABOUT EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
All executive officers are elected annually and serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors. All of the executive officers have employment agreements with KCS and/or its subsidiaries.
Patrick J. Ottensmeyer — President and Chief Executive Officer— 64 — Served in this capacity since July 1, 2016. Mr. Ottensmeyer has been a director of KCS since July 1, 2016 and served as President of KCS since March 1, 2015. He served as Executive Vice President Sales and Marketing of KCS from October 16, 2008 through March 1, 2015. Mr. Ottensmeyer joined KCS in May 2006 as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.
Warren K. Erdman — Executive Vice President — Administration and Corporate Affairs — 63 — Served in this capacity since April 2010. Mr. Erdman served as Executive Vice President — Corporate Affairs from October 2007 until April 2010. He served as Senior Vice President — Corporate Affairs of KCS and KCSR from January 2006 to September 2007. Mr. Erdman served as Vice President — Corporate Affairs of KCS from April 15, 1997 to December 31, 2005 and as Vice President — Corporate Affairs of KCSR from May 1997 to December 31, 2005. Prior to joining KCS, Mr. Erdman served as Chief of Staff to United States Senator Kit Bond of Missouri from 1987 to 1997.
Jeffrey M. Songer — Executive Vice President — Strategic Merger Planning — 52 — Served in this capacity since April 16, 2021. Mr. Songer served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company from March 2016 to April 2021, Senior Vice President Engineering and Chief Transportation Officer of the Company from August 2014 to February 2016 and as Vice President and Chief Engineer for KCSR from June 2012 to July 2014. Prior to serving as KCSR’s Vice President and Chief Engineer, Mr. Songer served as Assistant Vice President — Engineering and Planning from March 2011 to June 2012, and as its General Director — Planning, Scheduling & Administration from January 2007 to March 2011.
John F. Orr - Executive Vice President — Operations — 58 — Served in this capacity since April 16, 2021. Mr. Orr began his railroading career in 1984 as a conductor with Canadian National in London, Ontario. Progressively taking on positions of increasing executive responsibilities across Canada and the United States, Mr. Orr ultimately completed his career at Canadian National as Senior Vice President and Chief Transportation Officer after 34 years of service. Since 2019, he has worked as a top-level operations executive in railroading and transportation ecosystems across Europe, Asia, and North America.
Michael W. Upchurch — Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer — 61 — Served in this capacity since October 16, 2008. Mr. Upchurch joined KCS in March 2008 as Senior Vice President Purchasing and Financial Management. Since 2019, Mr. Upchurch has also served as a board member for WillScot Mobile Mini. From 1990 through September 2006, Mr. Upchurch served in various senior financial leadership positions at Sprint Corporation, a telecommunications company, including Senior Vice President Financial Operations, Senior Vice President Finance Sprint Business Solutions and Senior Vice President Finance Long Distance Division.
Oscar Augusto Del Cueto Cuevas — President, General Manager and Executive Representative — KCSM — 55 — Served in this capacity since August 1, 2020. Mr. Del Cueto previously served as KCSM Servicios Vice President and General Director from November 2018 to July 2020 and as KCSM Servicios Vice President-Operations from January 2009 to October 2018. Mr. Del Cueto joined KCSM in 2006 and held various leadership positions prior to 2009. He has over 30 years of railway industry experience, working in institutional relations, communication, operations, planning and logistics.
Lora S. Cheatum Senior Vice President — Human Resources — 65 — Served in this capacity since joining KCS in October 2014. Ms. Cheatum previously served as Senior Vice President Global Human Resources of Layne Christensen Company, a global water management, construction, and drilling company, from 2012 to October 2014. From 2010 to 2012, she served as Director — Field Operations at Fitness Together Holdings, Inc. Ms. Cheatum spent nine years with Kansas City Power & Light, from 2001 to 2010, where she was Vice President of Procurement and previously as Vice President Human Resources.

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Michael J. Naatz — Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer — 56 — Served in this capacity since October 1, 2018. Mr. Naatz served as Senior Vice President Operations Support and Chief Information Officer from August 2014 until September 2018 and as Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer of the Company from May 2012 to July 2014. Prior to joining KCS, Mr. Naatz served as President of USF Holland, a YRC Worldwide, Inc. (“YRCW”) company, a leading provider of transportation and global logistics services, from 2011 to May 2012. From 2010 to 2011, Mr. Naatz served as President and Chief Customer Officer - Customer Care Division at YRCW. From 2008 to 2010, he served as Executive Vice President and Chief Information & Service Officer at YRCW. From 2005 to 2007, he served as President — Enterprise Services Division at YRCW. From 1994 to 2005, he held various leadership positions with USF Corporation.
Suzanne M. Grafton — Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer — 46 — Served in this capacity since July 24, 2017. Ms. Grafton served as Vice President of Audit and Enterprise Risk Management of the Company from April 2016 to July 2017 and as Vice President of Accounting from May 2014 to March 2016. From September 2006 to May 2014, Ms. Grafton served in various accounting leadership positions at KCS.
Adam J. Godderz — Senior Vice President — Chief Legal Officer and Corporate Secretary — 47 — Served in this capacity since February 1, 2020. Mr. Godderz served as General Counsel and Corporate Secretary from January 2019 to January 2020 and as Associate General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of the Company from June 2018 to December 2018. From November 2015 to May 2018, he served as Vice President of Labor Relations and Corporate Secretary. From January 2013 to November 2015, Mr. Godderz served as Associate General Counsel and Corporate Secretary.  From September 2007 to January 2013, Mr. Godderz served as Associate General Counsel at KCS.

DESCRIPTION OF HUMAN CAPITAL RESOURCES
As of December 31, 2021, the Company had approximately 7,082 employees, with 57% based in Mexico and 43% based in the U.S. In 2021, approximately 75% of KCS employees were represented by a collective bargaining agreement.

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In managing the Company’s business, management focuses on a number of human capital measures and objectives rooted in the KCS Vision, Values and Culture (“KCS Culture”). The KCS Culture is critically important to KCS’s success and is a set of guidelines, beliefs and behaviors that help define KCS and create a foundation for growth and success. The KCS Culture helps guide how employees make decisions, treat each other and serve customers. All employees are responsible for upholding the KCS Culture and conformance with the KCS Culture statement is 25% of the annual performance appraisal process for all

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management employees. Management uses performance evaluations as a tool to help strengthen relationships with employees and KCS’s Culture.
Employee Health & Safety - KCS is committed to operating in a safe, secure and responsible manner for the benefit of its employees, customers and the communities KCS serves in the U.S. and Mexico. See below for further discussion of employee health and safety as well as noted in the Company’s sustainability report at https://www.kcsouthern.com/pdf/community/2020_KCS_Sustainability_Report.pdf (the sustainability report is not incorporated into this Form 10-K).
Compensation and Benefits - KCS strives to offer competitive compensation, benefits and services that meet the needs of its employees, including short and long-term incentive packages, a defined contribution plan, healthcare benefits, and wellness and employee assistance programs. Management monitors market compensation and benefits to be able to attract, retain, and promote employees and reduce turnover and its associated costs. In addition, KCS’s short and long-term incentive programs are aligned with the Company’s vision and key business objectives and are intended to motivate strong performance. KCS engages a nationally recognized outside consulting firm to objectively evaluate its compensation and benefits and benchmark them against industry peers and other similarly situated organizations.
For the year ended December 31, 2021, compensation and benefits expense totaled $522.0 million. See Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and results of Operations for further discussion of compensation and benefits expense.
Employee Health and Safety Overview
KCS is subject to federal, state, and local government regulations in the U.S. and Mexico with regard to safety. These regulations direct safety practices in the placement of rail cars carrying certain commodities in the train, routes, inspection of equipment and track, security procedures, equipment design and construction, speed restrictions, and work rules.
Management strives to instill a culture of safety, providing on-the-job training and classroom instruction to employees. Many positions, such as locomotive engineers and conductors, have extensive requirements for certification and licensing, as required by federal regulation. Certification-eligibility is based on a variety of factors, including prior safety conduct of the applicant, compliance with applicable regulations, knowledge of operating rules and performance testing. The Company offers certification and training programs to operations groups as business needs require. These training programs focus on operating rules, safety rules, and procedures required for specific tasks.
KCS’s operational testing program provides processes for ongoing validation and understanding of, and adherence to operating rules and procedures by employees, and allows management to identify, monitor and manage potential safety risks in the business. This training is designed to gauge employees’ knowledge of and compliance with KCS rules and procedures and determine the need for remedial training or guidance. Testing plans are developed based upon, among other things, a particular location’s risks, recent trends, injuries or accidents and prior operational test performance.
KCS uses advanced technologies to help employees enhance operational safety including the use of technology to monitor, in real time the track, bridges and tunnels that KCS uses in its operations. The Company has invested $271.7 million in PTC since 2008, which aims to prevent train-to-train collisions, derailments caused by excessive train speed, train movements through misaligned track switch and unauthorized train entry into work zones.
AVAILABLE INFORMATION
KCS’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports, are available for download at no cost on KCS’s website (www.investors.kcsouthern.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after the electronic filing of these reports is made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, KCS’s corporate governance guidelines, ethics and legal compliance policy, and the charters of the Audit Committee, the Finance and Strategic Investments Committee, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Compensation and Organization Committee of the Board of Directors are available on KCS’s website.
See Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 1, Description of the Business and Note 18, Geographic Information for more information on the description and general development of the Company’s business and financial information about geographic areas.

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Item 1A.Risk Factors
Risks Related to KCS’s Operations and Business
Public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations and financial results.
The Company may face risks related to public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases. A widespread healthcare crisis, such as an outbreak of a communicable disease, could adversely affect the global economy and the Company’s and its business partners’ ability to conduct business in the U.S. and Mexico for an indefinite period of time. The novel coronavirus and its variants (“COVID-19”) have and continue to spread to multiple global regions, including the U.S. and Mexico where the Company operates, and has and continues to negatively impact the global economy and disrupt financial markets and international trade. These impacts have resulted in increased unemployment levels and significantly negatively impacted global supply chains, the rail transportation industry, and the Company’s business. In both the U.S. and Mexico, local, state, and federal governments have implemented various measures in an effort to halt the further spread of COVID-19, including, but not limited to, voluntary and mandatory quarantines, stay-at-home orders, travel restrictions, border closings, limitations on gatherings of people, and extended closures of nonessential businesses.
Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has taken numerous measures to overcome adverse operational and financial impacts to the Company. Such measures include, but are not limited to, implementing a variety of health and safety measures (e.g. separating dispatching and crew operations and providing enhanced cleaning and hygiene protocols), and permitting remote work for employees where possible. Although the Company has been able to continue with its business activities, the COVID-19 pandemic could continue to materially impact revenues and profit. In addition, the Company believes COVID-19 could continue to:
impact customer demand for the Company’s transportation services;
cause the Company to experience an increase in costs as a result of the Company’s emergency measures, and delayed payments from customers;
cause delays and disruptions in the supply chain resulting in disruptions in the commercial operation dates of certain projects;
impact availability of qualified personnel; and
cause other unpredictable events.
The situation surrounding COVID-19 remains fluid and for this reason, KCS cannot reasonably estimate with any degree of certainty the future impact COVID-19 may have on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, and liquidity. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact the Company’s business, operating results, financial condition, or liquidity will depend on future developments, including the duration of the outbreak, travel restrictions, business and workforce disruptions, and the effectiveness of actions taken to contain and treat the disease.
Capacity constraints could materially adversely affect service and operating efficiency.
KCS may experience capacity constraints due to increased demand for rail services, unavailability of equipment, crew shortages, or extreme weather. Also, due to the interconnectivity between all railroads, especially in the U.S., congestion on other railroads could result in operational inefficiencies for KCS. Traffic congestion experienced in the U.S. or Mexican railroad system may result in overall traffic congestion which would impact the ability to move traffic to and from Mexico, which could result in operational inefficiencies for KCS and could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s operations.
Significant expansions in the capacity of the Company’s network can require a substantial amount of time and investment. Although KCS constantly monitors its network in an effort to optimize its rail services, there can be no assurance that such measures will adequately address capacity constraints on a timely basis.

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KCS competes against other railroads and other transportation providers.
The Company’s domestic and international operations are subject to competition from other railroads, as well as from truck carriers, barge lines, and other maritime shippers. Many of KCS’s rail competitors are much larger and have significantly greater financial and other resources than KCS, which may enable rail competitors to reduce rates and make KCS’s freight services less competitive. KCS’s ability to respond to competitive pressures by matching rate reductions and decreasing rates without adversely affecting gross margins and operating results will depend on, among other things, the ability to reduce operating costs. KCS’s failure to respond to competitive pressures, and particularly rate competition, in a timely manner could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
The railroad industry is dominated by a few large carriers. These larger railroads could attempt to use their size and pricing power to block other railroads’ access to gateways and routing options that are currently and have historically been available. In addition, if there is future consolidation in the railroad industry in the United States or Mexico, there can be no assurance that it will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Trucking, maritime, and barge competitors provide rate and service competition to the railroad industry. These competitors are able to use public rights-of-way, require substantially smaller capital investment and maintenance expenditures than railroads and allow for more frequent and flexible scheduling. Continuing competitive pressures, any reduction in margins due to competitive pressures, developments that increase the quality or decrease the cost of alternative modes of transportation in the locations in which the Company operates, or legislation or regulations that provide motor carriers with additional advantages, such as increased size of vehicles and reduced weight restrictions, could result in downward pressure on freight rates, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. KCS may also experience operational or service difficulties related to network capacity, fluctuations in customers’ demand for rail service, or other events that could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
A key part of KCS’s growth strategy is based upon the conversion of truck traffic to rail. There can be no assurance the Company will succeed in its efforts to convert traffic from truck to rail transport or that the customers already converted will be retained. If the railroad industry in general is unable to preserve its competitive advantages vis-à-vis the trucking industry, revenue growth could be adversely affected. Additionally, revenue growth could be affected by, among other factors, an expansion in the availability, or an improvement in the quality, of the trucking services offered by carriers resulting from regulatory and administrative interpretations and implementation of certain provisions of current or future multinational trade agreements that are favorable to the trucking industry or unfavorable to the rail industry or KCS. Such actions may negatively impact KCS’s ability to grow its existing customer base and capture additional cargo transport market share because of competition from the shipping industry and other railroads.
KCS’s business strategy, operations and growth rely significantly on agreements with other railroads and third parties.
Operation of KCS’s rail network and its plans for growth and expansion rely significantly on agreements with other railroads and third parties, including joint ventures and other strategic alliances, as well as interchange, trackage rights, haulage rights and marketing agreements with other railroads and third parties that enable KCS to exchange traffic and utilize trackage the Company does not own. KCS’s ability to provide comprehensive rail service to its customers depends in large part upon its ability to maintain these agreements with other railroads and third parties, and upon the performance of the obligations under the agreements by the other railroads and third parties. The termination of, or the failure to renew, these agreements could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. KCS is also dependent in part upon the financial strength and efficient performance of other railroads. There can be no assurance that KCS would not be materially adversely affected by operational or financial difficulties of other railroads.
KCS depends on the stability, availability and security of its information technology systems to operate its business. Disruptions in KCS’s information technology (“IT”) systems could materially adversely affect the Company’s business and operating results.
KCS relies on information technology in all aspects of its business, including operating PTC, dispatching trains, and the revenue waybill system. A significant disruption or failure of its IT systems, including its computer hardware, software, communications equipment, wayside equipment or locomotive onboard equipment could result in service interruptions, safety failures, security failures, regulatory compliance failures or other operational difficulties. Moreover, if KCS is not able to

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acquire new technology or to develop or implement new technology, KCS may suffer a competitive disadvantage, which could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
The security risks associated with IT systems have increased in recent years because of the increased sophistication, activities and evolving techniques of perpetrators of cyber attacks. A failure in, or breach of, KCS’s IT security systems, or those of its third party service providers, as a result of cyber attacks or unauthorized access to its network could disrupt KCS’s business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, increase its costs and/or cause losses and reputational damage. KCS also confronts the risk that a terrorist or nation-state sponsored group may seek to use its property, including KCS’s information technology systems, to inflict major harm.
Although KCS has a comprehensive cyber security program designed to protect and preserve the integrity of its information technology systems, KCS has experienced and expects to continue to experience cyber attacks of its IT systems or networks. However, none of these cyber attacks to date has had a material impact on KCS’s operations or financial condition. While KCS devotes significant resources to network security, data encryption and other security measures to protect its systems and data, including its own proprietary information and the confidential and personally identifiable information of its customers, employees, and business partners, these measures cannot provide absolute security. The costs to eliminate or alleviate network security problems, bugs, viruses, ransomware, worms, malicious software programs and security vulnerabilities could be significant, and KCS’s efforts to address these problems may not be successful, resulting potentially in the theft, loss, destruction or corruption of information that KCS stores electronically, as well as unexpected interruptions, delays or cessation of service, any of which could cause harm to KCS’s business operations. Moreover, if a computer security breach or cyber attack affects KCS’s systems or results in the unauthorized release of proprietary or personally identifiable information, the Company’s reputation could be materially damaged, customer confidence could be diminished, and KCS’s operations could be impaired.
A significant disruption, failure or unauthorized access of KCS’s information technology system could expose the Company to a risk of legal proceedings and potential liability and have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. Further, legislative or regulatory action in these areas is evolving, and KCS may be unable to adapt its IT systems or to manage the IT systems of third parties to accommodate these changes.
Severe weather or other natural disasters could result in significant business interruptions that impact KCS’s railroad operations and expenditures, and KCS’s insurance coverage may not be sufficient to cover damages to KCS or all of KCS’s liabilities.
The Company’s railroad operations may be affected by severe weather or other natural disasters. The Company operates in and along the Gulf of Mexico, and its facilities, equipment, and railroad infrastructure may be materially adversely affected by hurricanes, floods, fires, earthquakes and other extreme weather conditions in the regions where the Company operates, and this could also adversely affect the Company’s shipping, agricultural, chemical and other customers. Severe weather or other natural disasters could result in significant business interruption due to an increase in events such as train derailments or wash outs of track structure that could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. Insurance to protect against loss of business and other related consequences resulting from these natural occurrences is subject to coverage limitations and may not be sufficient to cover all of KCS’s damages or damages to others. This insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates. Even with insurance, if any natural occurrence leads to a catastrophic interruption of services, this could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS’s business may be adversely affected by changes in general economic or other conditions.

KCS’s operations may be materially adversely affected by changes in the economic conditions of the industries and geographic areas that produce and consume the freight that KCS transports. The relative strength or weakness of the United States and Mexican economies affects the businesses served by KCS. Prolonged negative changes in domestic and global economic conditions, such as those caused by increasing inflation impacts, may affect KCS, as well as the producers and consumers of the commodities that KCS transports and may have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
The transportation industry is highly cyclical, generally tracking the cycles of the world economy. Although transportation markets are affected by general economic conditions, there are numerous specific factors within each particular market that may influence operating results. Some of KCS’s customers do business in industries that are highly cyclical,

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including the energy, automotive, housing and agriculture industries. Any downturn or change in government policy in these industries could have a material adverse effect on operating results. Also, some of the products transported have had a historical pattern of price cyclicality which has typically been influenced by the general economic environment and by industry capacity and demand. KCS cannot assure that prices and demand for these products will not decline in the future, adversely affecting those industries and, in turn, this could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS may be subject to various claims and litigation that could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
The Company is exposed to the potential of various claims and litigation related to labor and employment, personal injury, commercial disputes, freight loss and other property damage, and other matters that arise in the normal course of business. The Company may experience material judgments or incur significant costs to defend existing and future lawsuits. Although the Company maintains insurance to cover some of these types of claims and establishes reserves when appropriate, final amounts determined to be due on any outstanding matters may exceed the Company’s insurance coverage or differ materially from the recorded reserves. Additionally, the Company could be impacted by adverse developments not currently reflected in the Company’s reserve estimates. The Company is also subject to job-related personal injury and occupational claims associated with the Federal Employer’s Liability Act (“FELA”), which is applicable only to railroads. FELA’s fault-based tort system produces results that are unpredictable and inconsistent as compared with a no-fault worker’s compensation system. The variability inherent in this system could result in actual costs being different from the liability recorded. Any material changes to litigation trends or a catastrophic rail accident or series of accidents involving any or all of property damage, personal injury, and environmental liability could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
A majority of KCS’s employees belong to labor unions. Strikes or work stoppages could adversely affect operations.
The Company is a party to collective bargaining agreements with various labor unions in the United States and Mexico. As of December 31, 2021, approximately 72% and 77% of KCSR and KCSM employees, respectively, were covered by labor contracts subject to collective bargaining. The Company may be subject to, among other things, strikes, work stoppages or work slowdowns as a result of disputes under these collective bargaining agreements and labor contracts or KCS’s potential inability to negotiate acceptable contracts with these unions. In the United States, because such agreements are generally negotiated on an industry-wide basis, determination of the terms and conditions of labor agreements have been and could continue to be beyond KCS’s control. KCS is, therefore, subject to terms and conditions in industry-wide labor agreements that could have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements. In the United States and Mexico, KCS is seeking to modernize its collective bargaining agreements and benefit from technological advancements in the industry. If the unionized workers in the United States or Mexico were to engage in a strike, work stoppage or other slowdown; if other employees were to become unionized or if KCS and its unions were unable to agree on the terms and conditions in future labor agreements, KCS could experience a significant disruption of its operations and higher ongoing labor costs. Although the U.S. Railway Labor Act imposes restrictions on the right of United States railway workers to strike, there is no law in Mexico imposing similar restrictions on the right of railway workers in that country to strike. Additionally, labor law reform adopted by Mexico introduces uncertainty into the existing union structure in Mexico, which may affect the risk of disruption in KCSM’s operations.
KCS is dependent on certain key suppliers of core rail equipment.
KCS relies on a limited number of suppliers of core rail equipment (including locomotives, rolling stock equipment, rail and ties). The capital intensive nature and complexity of such equipment creates high barriers of entry for any potential new suppliers. If any of KCS’s suppliers discontinue production or experience capacity or supply shortages, this could result in increased costs or difficulty in obtaining rail equipment and materials, which could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.

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KCS’s business is vulnerable to fluctuations in fuel costs and disruptions in fuel supplies.
KCS incurs substantial fuel costs in its railroad operations and these costs represent a significant portion of its transportation expenses. Significant price increases for fuel may have a material adverse effect on operating results. If KCS is unable to recapture its costs of fuel from its customers, operating results could be materially adversely affected. In addition, a severe disruption of fuel supplies resulting from supply shortages, political unrest, a disruption of oil imports, weather events, war, or otherwise, and the resulting impact on fuel prices could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS’s business may be affected by future acts of terrorism, war or other acts of violence or crime.
Terrorist attacks and any government response thereto, and war or risk of war could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. KCS is involved in the transport of hazardous materials, which could result in KCS’s rail lines, facilities, or equipment being direct targets or indirect casualties of acts of terror, which could cause significant business interruption and damage to KCS’s property. As a result, acts of terrorism or war or acts of crime or violence could result in increased costs and liabilities and decreased revenues for KCS. In addition, insurance premiums charged for some or all of the applicable coverage currently maintained by KCS could increase dramatically or certain coverage may not be adequate to cover losses or may not be available in the future.

Risks Related to Laws and Regulations
KCS U.S. and Mexico rail common carrier subsidiaries are required by United States and Mexican laws, respectively, to transport hazardous materials, which could expose KCS to significant costs and claims.
Under United States federal statutes and applicable Mexican laws, KCS’s common carrier responsibility requires it to transport hazardous materials. Any rail accident or other incident or accident on KCS’s network, facilities, or at the facilities of KCS’s customers involving the release of hazardous materials, including toxic inhalation hazard materials, could involve significant costs and claims for personal injury, property or natural resource damage, and environmental penalties and remediation in excess of the Company’s insurance coverage for these risks, which could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. KCS is also required to comply with rules and regulations regarding the handling of hazardous materials. Noncompliance with these rules and regulations could subject KCS to significant penalties or other costs and exposure to litigation. Changes to these rules and regulations could also increase operating costs and negatively impact KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS’s business is subject to regulation by federal, state and local legislatures and agencies that could impose significant costs on the Company’s business operations.
KCS rail subsidiaries are subject to legislation and regulation enacted by federal, state and local legislatures and agencies in the U.S. and Mexico with respect to commercial terms with its customers and railroad operations, including with respect to health, safety, labor, environmental and other areas. Government regulation of the railroad industry is a significant determinant of the competitiveness and profitability of railroads. Changes in legislation or regulation could have a negative impact on KCS’s ability to negotiate prices for rail services, could negatively affect competition among rail carriers, or could negatively impact operating practices, resulting in reduced efficiency, increased operating costs or increased capital investment, all of which could result in a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
New economic regulation in the U.S. or Mexico in current or future proceedings could change the regulatory framework within which the Company operates which could materially change the Company's business and have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements. For example, in Mexico, the Company implemented changes to several processes and systems to ensure compliance with new regulations and enforcement of existing regulations during 2021, including labor reform, the hydrocarbons law, inspections related to imports and terminals, value-added tax law changes, and new bill of lading requirements. Ensuring compliance with these requirements resulted in increased operating expense and reduced revenue. See Mexico Regulatory and Legal Updates in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
KCS’s failure or inability to comply with applicable laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and operations, including fines, penalties, or limitations on operating activities

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until compliance with applicable requirements is achieved. Congress and government agencies may change the legislative or regulatory framework within which the Company operates without providing any recourse for any adverse effects on the Company’s business that occur as a result of such change. Additionally, some of the regulations require KCS to obtain and maintain various licenses, permits and other authorizations. Any failure to obtain or maintain these licenses, permits, and other authorizations could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s business operations.
On July 9, 2021, President Biden issued an executive order promoting competition in the American economy. The executive order encourages the chair of the Surface Transportation Board to work with the other board members to consider commencing or continuing rulemaking to strengthen regulations pertaining to reciprocal switching agreements, or any other matter of competitive access, including bottleneck rates, interchange commitments or other matters, consistent with policies set forth by the executive order, and ensure that passenger rail service is not subject to unwarranted delays and interruptions in service, enforce new on-time performance requirements and further the work of the passenger rail working group. The Company is evaluating the impact of the executive order and any related regulations that may be adopted by the STB due to this executive order on the Company’s business and the consolidated financial statements.
KCS is subject to environmental regulations, which may impose significant costs on the Company’s business operations.
KCS subsidiaries’ operations are subject to environmental regulation enacted by federal, state and local legislatures in the U.S. and Mexico. Environmental liability under federal and state law in the United States can also extend to previously owned or operated properties, leased properties and properties owned by third parties, as well as to properties currently owned and used by the Company. Environmental liabilities may also arise from claims asserted by adjacent landowners or other third parties. Given the nature of its business, the Company incurs, and expects to continue to incur, environmental compliance costs, including, in particular, costs necessary to maintain compliance with requirements governing chemical and hazardous material shipping operations, refueling operations and repair facilities. KCS presently has environmental investigation and remediation obligations at certain sites, and will likely incur such obligations at additional sites in the future.
The Company’s Mexican subsidiaries’ operations are subject to Mexican federal and state laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, including standards for, among other things, water discharge, water supply, emissions, noise pollution, hazardous substances and transportation and handling of hazardous and solid waste. Under applicable Mexican law and regulations, administrative and criminal proceedings may be brought and economic sanctions imposed against companies that violate environmental laws, and non-complying facilities may be temporarily or permanently closed. KCSM is also subject to the laws of various jurisdictions with respect to the discharge of materials into the environment and to environmental laws and regulations issued by the governments of each of the Mexican states in which KCSM’s facilities are located. The terms of KCSM’s Concession from the Mexican government also impose environmental compliance obligations on KCSM. Failure to comply with any environmental laws or regulations may result in the termination of KCSM’s Concession or in fines or penalties that may affect profitability.
Liabilities accrued for environmental costs represent the Company’s best estimate of the probable future obligation for the remediation and settlement of matters related to these sites. However, remediation costs may exceed such estimates, due to various factors such as evolving environmental laws and regulations, changes in technology, the extent of other parties’ participation, discovery of unidentified environmental conditions and matters, developments in environmental surveys and studies, and the extent of corrective action that may ultimately be required. The Company cannot predict the effect, if any, that unidentified environmental matters or the adoption of unknown additional or more stringent environmental laws and regulations would have on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS’s failure or inability to comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and operations, including fines, penalties, or limitations on operating activities until compliance with applicable requirements is achieved. Government entities may change the legislative or regulatory framework within which the Company operates that could result in adverse effects on the Company’s business that occur as a result of such change. Additionally, some of the regulations require KCS to obtain and maintain various licenses, permits and other authorizations. Any failure to obtain or maintain these licenses, permits, and other authorizations could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s business operations.

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KCS’s business may be affected by climate change and the market and regulatory responses to climate change.
Climate change could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s operations and KCS’s consolidated financial statements. Restrictions, caps, taxes, or other controls on emissions of greenhouse gases, including diesel exhaust, could significantly impact operations and increase operating costs. Restrictions on emissions could also affect KCS’s customers that use commodities that KCS transports to produce energy, use significant amounts of energy in producing or delivering the commodities KCS transports, or manufacture or produce goods that consume significant amounts of energy or burn fossil fuels, including coal-fired power plants, chemical producers, farmers and food producers, and automakers and other manufacturers. Significant cost increases, government regulation, or changes of consumer preferences for goods or services relating to alternative sources of energy or emissions reductions could materially affect the markets for the commodities KCS transports, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. Government incentives encouraging the use of alternative sources of energy could also affect certain customers and their respective markets for certain commodities KCS transports in an unpredictable manner that could alter traffic patterns, including, for example, the impacts of ethanol incentives on farming and ethanol producers. Moreover, increasing frequency, intensity and duration of extreme weather events such as flooding, storms and fires may result in substantial costs, including costs associated with KCS’s response during the event, KCS’s recovery from the event and preventive measures. Any of these factors, individually or in conjunction with one or more of the other aforementioned factors, or other unforeseen impacts of climate change could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.

Risks Related to the Company’s Merger with CP

During the pendency of the Voting Trust, KCS is subject to business uncertainties and contractual restrictions that could materially adversely affect KCS’s operating results, financial position and/or cash flows or result in a loss of employees, suppliers, vendors or customers.

The Merger Agreement generally requires KCS to use commercially reasonable efforts to conduct its business in all material respects in the ordinary course prior to the date CP is permitted to assume control over KCS’s railroad operations following receipt of STB Final Approval and exit from the Voting Trust. In addition, the Merger Agreement includes a variety of specified restrictions on the conduct of KCS’s business during the pendency of the Voting Trust. These contractual restrictions in the Merger Agreement may delay or prevent KCS from making certain changes, or limit its ability to make certain changes during such period, even if KCS’s management believes that making certain changes may be advisable. The pendency of the Voting Trust may also divert management’s attention and KCS’s resources from ongoing business operations.

KCS’s employees, suppliers, vendors or customers may experience uncertainties about the effects of the transaction. It is possible that some employees, suppliers, vendors, or customers and other parties with whom KCS has a business relationship may delay or defer certain business decisions or might decide to seek to terminate, change or renegotiate their relationship with KCS as a result of the proposed acquisition. Similarly, current and prospective employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles with KCS following completion of the transaction, which may materially and adversely affect KCS’s ability to attract and retain key employees. If any of these effects were to occur, it could materially and adversely impact KCS’s operating results, financial position, and cash flows.

The Company can provide no assurance of the timing of STB Final Approval or whether STB Final Approval will be obtained at all. Any delay in obtaining, or the failure to obtain, STB Final Approval could divert management’s attention and KCS’s resources from ongoing business operations and materially and adversely impact KCS’s operating results, financial position, and cash flows.

KCS may have difficulty attracting, motivating and retaining executives and other key employees in light of the combination of CP and KCS.
Uncertainty about the effect of the transaction on KCS and CP employees may have an adverse effect on KCS and consequently the combined company. This uncertainty may impair KCS’s ability to attract, retain and motivate key personnel. Employee retention may be particularly challenging during the pendency of the Voting Trust, as employees of KCS may experience uncertainty about their future roles in the combined company. No assurance can be given that the combined company will be able to attract or retain key employees to the same extent that KCS has been able to attract or retain employees in the past.


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Significant demands will be placed on KCS as a result of the combination of the two companies.
As a result of the combination of KCS and CP following receipt of STB Final Approval, significant demands will be placed on the managerial, operational and financial personnel and systems of KCS. KCS cannot provide assurance that its systems, procedures and controls will be adequate to support the expansion of operations following and resulting from the combination of the two companies. The future operating results of the combined company will be affected by the ability of its officers and key employees to manage changing business conditions and to implement and expand the Company’s operational and financial controls and reporting systems in response to the transaction.

Risks Related to KCS’s Foreign Operations
KCSM’s Mexican Concession is subject to revocation or termination in certain circumstances, which would prevent KCSM from conducting rail operations under the Concession and would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
KCSM operates under the Concession granted by the Mexican government until June 2047, which is renewable for an additional period of up to 50 years, subject to certain conditions. The Concession gives KCSM exclusive rights to provide freight transportation services over its rail lines through 2027 (the first 30 years of the 50-year Concession), subject to certain trackage and haulage rights granted to other concessionaires. The SCT and ARTF, which are principally responsible for regulating railroad services in Mexico, have broad powers to monitor KCSM’s compliance with the Concession, and they can require KCSM to supply them with any technical, administrative and financial information they request. Among other obligations, KCSM must comply with the investment commitments established in its business plan, which forms an integral part of the Concession, and must update the plan every three years. The SCT treats KCSM’s business plans confidentially. The SCT and ARTF also monitor KCSM’s compliance with efficiency and safety standards established in the Concession. The SCT and ARTF review, and may amend, these standards from time to time.
Under the Concession, KCSM has the right to operate its rail lines, but it does not own the land, roadway or associated structures. If the Mexican government legally terminates the Concession, it would own, control, and manage such public domain assets used in the operation of KCSM’s rail lines. All other property not covered by the Concession, including all locomotives and railcars otherwise acquired, would remain KCSM’s property. In the event of early termination, or total or partial revocation of the Concession, the Mexican government would have the right to cause the Company to lease all service-related assets to it for a term of at least one year, automatically renewable for additional one-year terms for up to five years. The amount of rent would be determined by experts appointed by KCSM and the Mexican government. The Mexican government must exercise this right within four months after early termination or revocation of the Concession. In addition, the Mexican government would also have a right of first refusal with respect to certain transfers by KCSM of railroad equipment within 90 days after revocation of the Concession.
The Mexican government may also temporarily seize control of KCSM’s rail lines and its assets in the event of a natural disaster, war, significant public disturbance or imminent danger to the domestic peace or economy. In such a case, the SCT may restrict KCSM’s ability to operate under the Concession in such manner as the SCT deems necessary under the circumstances, but only for the duration of any of the foregoing events. Mexican law requires that the Mexican government pay compensation if it effects a statutory appropriation for reasons of the public interest. With respect to a temporary seizure due to any cause other than international war, the Mexican Regulatory Railroad Service Law and regulations provide that the Mexican government will indemnify an affected concessionaire for an amount equal to damages caused and losses suffered. However, these payments may not be sufficient to compensate KCSM for its losses and may not be made timely.
The SCT may revoke the Concession if KCSM is sanctioned for the same cause at least three times within a period of five years for any of the following: unjustly interrupting the operation of its rail lines or for charging rates higher than those it has registered with the ARTF; unlawfully restricting the ability of other Mexican rail operators to use its rail lines; failing to make payments for damages caused during the performance of services; failing to comply with any term or condition of the Mexican Regulatory Railroad Service Law and regulations or the Concession; failing to make the capital investments required under its three-year business plan filed with the SCT; or failing to maintain an obligations compliance bond and insurance coverage as specified in the Mexican Regulatory Railroad Service Law and regulations. In addition, the Concession would terminate automatically if KCSM changes its nationality or assigns or creates any lien on the Concession, or if there is a change in control of KCSM without the SCT’s approval. The SCT may also terminate the Concession as a result of KCSM’s surrender

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of its rights under the Concession, or for reasons of public interest or upon KCSM’s liquidation or bankruptcy. If the Concession is terminated or revoked by the SCT for any reason, KCSM would receive no compensation and its interest in its rail lines, and all other fixtures covered by the Concession, as well as all improvements made by it, would revert to the Mexican government. Revocation or termination of the Concession could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
KCS’s ownership of KCSM and operations in Mexico subject it to Mexican economic and political risks.
The Mexican government has exercised, and continues to exercise, significant influence over the Mexican economy. Accordingly, Mexican governmental actions concerning the economy and state-owned enterprises could have a significant impact on Mexican private sector entities in general and on KCSM’s operations in particular. For example, KCSM operations could be impacted with the introduction of new legislation or policies to regulate the railway industry, the energy market, or labor and tax conditions. KCS cannot predict the impact that the political landscape, including multiparty rule, social unrest and civil disobedience, will have on the Mexican economy or KCSM’s operations. For example, from time to time, social unrest in Mexico has resulted in service interruptions on KCSM’s right of ways due to blockages from teachers’ protests. KCS’s consolidated financial statements and prospects may be adversely affected by currency fluctuations, inflation, interest rates, regulation, taxation and other political, social and economic developments in or affecting Mexico. For example, the Company has several tax contingencies including, multiple tax periods subject to current examination, audit assessments for the KCSM 2009 and 2010 Mexico tax returns, and a receivable for refundable VAT. Tax contingencies are further discussed with Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplemental Data.
The social and political situation in Mexico could adversely affect the Mexican economy and KCSM’s operations, and changes in laws, public policies and government programs could be enacted, each of which could also have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
The Mexican economy in the past has suffered balance of payment deficits and shortages in foreign exchange reserves. Although Mexico has imposed foreign exchange controls in the past, there are currently no exchange controls in Mexico. Any restrictive exchange control policy could adversely affect KCS’s ability to obtain U.S. dollars or to convert Mexican pesos into dollars for purposes of making payments. This could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
Downturns in the United States economy or in trade between the United States and Asia or Mexico and fluctuations in the peso-dollar exchange rates could have material adverse effects on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
The level and timing of KCS’s Mexican business activity is heavily dependent upon the level of United States-Mexican trade and the effects of current or future multinational trade agreements on such trade. The Mexican operations depend on the United States and Mexican markets for the products KCSM transports, the relative position of Mexico and the United States in these markets at any given time, and tariffs or other barriers to trade. Failure to preserve trade provisions conducive to trade, or any other action imposing import duties or border taxes, could negatively impact KCS customers and the volume of rail shipments, and could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
Downturns in the United States or Mexican economies or in trade between the United States and Mexico could have material adverse effects on KCS’s consolidated financial statements and the Company’s ability to meet debt service obligations. In addition, KCS has invested significant amounts in developing its intermodal operations, including the Port of Lazaro Cardenas, in part to provide Asian importers with an alternative to the west coast ports of the United States, and the level of intermodal traffic depends, to an extent, on the volume of Asian shipments routed through Lazaro Cardenas. Reductions in trading volumes, which may be caused by factors beyond KCS’s control, including increased government regulations regarding the safety and quality of Asian-manufactured products, could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
Additionally, fluctuations in the peso-dollar exchange rates could lead to shifts in the types and volumes of Mexican imports and exports. Although a decrease in the level of exports of some of the commodities that KCSM transports to the United States may be offset by a subsequent increase in imports of other commodities KCSM hauls into Mexico and vice versa, any offsetting increase might not occur on a timely basis, if at all. Future developments in United States-Mexican trade beyond the Company’s control may result in a reduction of freight volumes or in an unfavorable shift in the mix of products and commodities KCSM carries.

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Extreme volatility in the peso-dollar exchange rate may result in disruption of the international foreign exchange markets and may limit the ability to transfer or convert Mexican pesos into U.S. dollars. Although the Mexican government currently does not restrict, and for many years has not restricted, the right or ability of Mexican or foreign persons or entities to convert pesos into U.S. dollars or to transfer foreign currencies out of Mexico, the Mexican government could, as in the past, institute restrictive exchange rate policies that could limit the ability to transfer or convert pesos into U.S. dollars or other currencies for the purpose of making timely payments and meeting contractual commitments.
Fluctuations in the peso-dollar exchange rates also have an effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements. A weakening of the peso against the U.S. dollar would cause reported peso-denominated revenues and expenses to decrease, and could increase reported foreign exchange loss due to the Company’s net monetary assets that are peso-denominated. Exchange rate variations also affect the calculation of taxes under Mexican income tax law, and a strengthening of the peso against the U.S. dollar could cause an increase in the Company’s cash tax obligation and effective income tax rate.

General Risk Factors
The unavailability of qualified personnel could adversely affect KCS’s operations.
Changes in demographics, training requirements and the unavailability of qualified personnel could negatively affect KCS’s ability to meet demand for rail service. Unforeseen increases in demand for rail services may exacerbate such risks, which could have a negative impact on KCS’s operational efficiency and otherwise have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.
Weaknesses in the short and long-term debt markets could negatively impact the Company’s access to capital.
Due to the significant capital expenditures required to operate and maintain a safe and efficient railroad, the Company regularly obtains financing through the issuance of long-term debt instruments and commercial paper from time-to-time, as well as credit facilities provided by financial institutions. Significant, sustained instability or disruptions of the capital markets, including credit markets, or the deterioration of the Company’s financial condition due to internal or external factors, could restrict or prohibit access and could increase the cost of financing sources. A significant deterioration of the Company’s financial condition could also reduce credit ratings to below investment grade, limiting its access to external sources of capital, and increasing the costs of short and long-term debt financing, and could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements.

Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

Item 2.Properties
Track Configuration
The Kansas City Southern Railway Company (“KCSR”) operates over a railroad system consisting of approximately 3,300 route miles in ten states from the midwest and southeast portions of the United States south to the Mexican border, which includes approximately 640 miles of trackage rights that permit KCSR to operate its trains with its crews over other railroads’ tracks.
Kansas City Southern de México, S.A. de C.V. (“KCSM”) operates over a railroad system consisting of approximately 3,800 route miles. This includes approximately 3,300 route miles operated under its concession from the Mexican government (the “Concession”), and approximately 550 miles of trackage rights. Under the Concession, KCSM does not own the land, roadway, or associated structures, but is provided the exclusive right to operate across these routes, while also requiring KCSM to make investments as described in a business plan filed every three years with the Mexican government. See Item 1A, Risk Factors — “KCSM’s Mexican Concession is subject to revocation or termination in certain circumstances which would prevent KCSM from operating its railroad and would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.”



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Kansas City Southern Rail Network
ksu-20211231_g5.jpg

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Equipment Configuration
As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, KCS owned and leased the following units of equipment:
20212020
OwnedLeasedTotal
Avg Age
(in Years)
OwnedLeasedTotal
Avg Age
(in Years)
Freight Cars:
Box cars2,072 691 2,763 27.3 2,093 712 2,805 26.5 
Hoppers (covered and open top)4,809 1,164 5,973 15.9 4,883 865 5,748 16.0 
Gondolas2,418 1,180 3,598 24.9 2,423 1,180 3,603 23.8 
Automotive3,304 323 3,627 8.2 3,310 356 3,666 7.2 
Flat cars (intermodal and other)793 53 846 27.5 818 54 872 26.8 
Tank cars— 332 332 27.1 — 416 416 28.2 
Total13,396 3,743 17,139 18.8 13,527 3,583 17,110 18.2 
Locomotives:
Freight815 — 815 17.9 759 — 759 16.5 
Switching192 — 192 46.7 198 — 198 46.9 
Total1,007 — 1,007 23.4 957 — 957 22.9 
Property and Facilities
KCS operates numerous facilities, including terminals for intermodal and other freight, rail yards for train-building, switching, storage-in-transit (the temporary storage of customer goods in rail cars prior to shipment) and other activities; offices to administer and manage operations; dispatch centers to direct traffic on the rail network; crew quarters to house train crews along the rail line; and shops and other facilities for fueling and maintenance and repair of locomotives, freight cars and other equipment.
Capital Expenditures
The Company’s cash capital expenditures for the two years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, are included in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Capital Expenditures. See also Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates — Capitalization, Depreciation and Amortization of Property and Equipment (including Concession Assets) regarding the Company’s policies and guidelines related to capital expenditures.

Item 3.Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. For more information on legal proceedings, see Item 1A, Risk Factors — “KCS may be subject to various claims and litigation that could have a material adverse effect on KCS’s consolidated financial statements,” Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations  — Other Matters — Litigation, and Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 16, Commitments and Contingencies.

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.


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Part II

Item 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information
At December 31, 2021, all of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock are held in the Voting Trust. Prior to the closing of the acquisition, the Company’s common stock was traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “KSU”. The merger is further discussed within Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Information and Results of Operations — Merger Agreement.

Item 6.[Reserved]

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following is a discussion of Kansas City Southern’s results of operations, certain changes in its financial position, liquidity, capital structure and business developments for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the included consolidated financial statements, the related notes, and other information included in this report.
CAUTIONARY INFORMATION
The discussions set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, may be forward-looking statements. In addition, management may make forward-looking statements orally or in other writings, including, but not limited to, in press releases, executive presentations, in the annual report to stockholder and in other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Readers can usually identify these forward-looking statements by the use of such verbs as “may,” “will,” “should,” “likely,” “plans,” “projects,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes” or similar verbs or conjugations of such verbs. These statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Actual results could materially differ from those anticipated by such forward-looking statements. Such differences could be caused by a number of factors or combination of factors including, but not limited to, the factors identified below and those discussed under Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this Form 10-K. Readers are strongly encouraged to consider these factors and the following factors when evaluating any forward-looking statements concerning the Company:
public health threats or outbreaks of communicable diseases;
transportation of hazardous materials;
United States, Mexican and global economic, political and social conditions;
the adverse impact of any termination or revocation by the Mexican government of Kansas City Southern de México, S.A. de C.V.’s (“KCSM”) Concession;
changes in legislation and regulations or revisions of controlling authority;
the effects of adverse general economic conditions affecting customer demand and the industries and geographic areas that produce and consume the commodities KCS carries;
the effect of demand for KCS’s services exceeding network capacity or traffic congestion on operating efficiencies and service reliability;
KCS’s reliance on agreements with other railroads and third parties to successfully implement its business strategy, operations and growth and expansion plans, including the strategy to convert customers from using trucking services to rail transportation services;
the dependence on the stability, availability and security of the information technology systems to operate its business;
acts of terrorism, war or other acts of violence or crime or risk of such activities;

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uncertainties regarding the litigation KCS faces and any future claims and litigation;
the outcome of claims and litigation, including those related to environmental contamination, personal injuries and property damage;
compliance with environmental regulations;
natural events such as severe weather, fire, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes or other disruptions to the Company’s operating systems, structures and equipment or the ability of customers to produce or deliver their products;
insurance coverage limitations;
climate change and the market and regulatory responses to climate change;
the impact of competition, including competition from other rail carriers, trucking companies and maritime shippers in the United States and Mexico;
the effects of fluctuations in the peso-dollar exchange rate;
changes in labor costs and labor difficulties, including strikes and work stoppages affecting either operations or customers’ abilities to deliver goods for shipment;
the effects of current and future multinational trade agreements on the level of trade among the United States, Mexico and Canada;
the level of trade between the United States and Asia or Mexico;
unavailability of qualified personnel;
disruption in fuel supplies, changes in fuel prices and the Company’s ability to recapture its costs of fuel from customers;
business uncertainties and contractual restrictions that could arise during the pendency of the Voting Trust
difficulty attracting, motivating, and retaining executives and other key employees due to uncertainty of the merger transaction;
significant demands placed on KCS as a result of the merger of the two companies;
KCS’s reliance on certain key suppliers of core rail equipment; and
material adverse changes in economic and industry conditions, including the availability of short and long-term financing, both within the United States and Mexico and globally.
Forward-looking statements reflect the information only as of the date on which they are made. The Company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect future events, developments, or other information. If KCS does update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that additional updates will be made regarding that statement or any other forward-looking statements.
CORPORATE OVERVIEW
Kansas City Southern, a Delaware corporation, is a transportation holding company that has railroad investments in the U.S., Mexico and Panama. In the U.S., the Company serves the midwest and southeast regions of the U.S. Its international holdings serve northeastern and central Mexico and the port cities of Lazaro Cardenas, Tampico and Veracruz, and a fifty percent interest in Panama Canal Railway Company provides ocean-to-ocean freight and passenger service along the Panama Canal. KCS’s North American rail holdings and strategic alliances are primary components of a railway system, linking the commercial and industrial centers of the U.S., Canada and Mexico. KCS’s principal subsidiaries and affiliates include the following:
The Kansas City Southern Railway Company (“KCSR”), a wholly-owned subsidiary;
KCSM, a wholly-owned subsidiary;
Mexrail, Inc. (“Mexrail”), a wholly-owned consolidated subsidiary which, in turn, wholly owns The Texas Mexican Railway Company (“Tex-Mex”);
KCSM Servicios, S.A. de C.V. (“KCSM Servicios”), a wholly-owned subsidiary that was merged with KCSM in July 2021;

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Meridian Speedway, LLC (“MSLLC”), a seventy percent-owned consolidated affiliate;
Panama Canal Railway Company (“PCRC”), a fifty percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate;
TFCM, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“TCM”), a forty-five percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate;
Ferrocarril y Terminal del Valle de México, S.A. de C.V. (“FTVM”), a twenty-five percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate; and
PTC-220, LLC (“PTC-220”), a thirteen percent-owned unconsolidated affiliate.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Merger Agreement
On March 21, 2021, KCS entered into a merger agreement with Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (“CP”), a Canadian corporation, under which CP agreed to acquire KCS in a stock and cash transaction valued at $275 per common share. On May 6, 2021, the U. S. Surface Transportation Board (“STB”) unanimously approved the use of a voting trust for CP’s proposed merger with KCS. The voting trust permits KCS to maintain its independence and protect its financial health during the STB’s review of the ultimate merger as well as enable KCS stockholders to receive the value of their shares, even if the STB ultimately rejected the merger.
On April 20, 2021, KCS received an unsolicited merger proposal valued at $325 per common share from Canadian National Railway Company (“CN”), a Canadian corporation, which, after negotiation with and a revised proposal from CN, was determined on May 13, 2021 by the Company’s board of directors to be a superior proposal as defined by the CP merger agreement. On May 21, 2021, KCS terminated the CP merger agreement and paid CP a merger termination fee of $700.0 million, which was recognized in merger costs, net within the consolidated statements of income.
On May 21, 2021, KCS and CN entered into a merger agreement (the “CN merger agreement”), and a U.S. affiliate of CN paid KCS $700.0 million as reimbursement for the termination fee paid to CP. KCS was obligated to repay the termination fee to CN under certain circumstances, including but not limited to, if KCS were to terminate the CN merger agreement to accept a superior proposal as defined by the CN merger agreement. As a result, the $700.0 million reimbursement from CN was recognized in accounts payable and accrued liabilities within the consolidated balance sheet. In addition, KCS was obligated to pay CN a termination fee of $700.0 million to terminate the CN merger agreement.
On August 10, 2021, KCS received an unsolicited merger proposal from CP to acquire KCS in a stock and cash transaction valued at $300 per common share. On August 12, 2021, the Company’s board of directors determined that the CP proposal did not constitute a superior proposal as defined by the CN merger agreement.
On August 31, 2021, the STB unanimously rejected the use of a voting trust in the proposed merger between CN and KCS. Shortly thereafter, CP reaffirmed its August 10th proposal to acquire KCS for a then estimated value of $300 per common share, which, after negotiation with CP, the Company’s board of directors determined to be a superior proposal as defined by the CN merger agreement. On September 15, 2021, KCS terminated the CN merger agreement and paid CN $1,400.0 million, which included (1) a $700.0 million merger termination fee recognized in merger costs, net within the consolidated statements of income and (2) reimbursement of the CN payment for the CP termination fee of $700.0 million recognized as a reduction to accounts payable and accrued liabilities within the consolidated balance sheet.
On September 15, 2021, KCS and CP entered into a merger agreement (the “Merger Agreement”) and CP paid KCS $1,400.0 million, which included (1) $700.0 million for reimbursement of the CP termination fee recognized as a reduction of merger costs and (2) $700.0 million for reimbursement of the termination fee paid to CN. KCS was obligated to repay the $700.0 million CN termination fee to CP under certain circumstances, including but not limited to, if KCS were to terminate the Merger Agreement to accept a superior proposal as defined by the Merger Agreement. As a result, the $700.0 million reimbursement from CP was recognized in accounts payable and accrued liabilities within the consolidated balance sheet. In addition, KCS was required to pay CP a termination fee of $700.0 million to terminate the Merger Agreement.
On September 30, 2021, in response to the revised merger notice filed by CP in connection with the Merger Agreement, the STB reconfirmed its prior decision approving the use of the voting trust in the Merger Agreement.
On December 8, 2021, CP’s stockholders voted to approve the issuance of the CP common shares to KCS stockholders in connection with the proposed Merger Agreement. On December 10, 2021, KCS’s stockholders voted to approve the merger between KCS and CP. As a result, KCS had no further obligations to repay the $700.0 million CN termination fee to CP and eliminated the termination fee liability and recognized the termination fee reimbursement into income, reducing merger costs by $700.0 million. For the year ended December 31, 2021, KCS incurred $1,400.0 million of merger termination fees, completely

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offset by the recovery of $1,400.0 million of merger termination fees recognized in merger costs, net within the consolidated statements of income.
On December 14, 2021, CP acquired the outstanding common and preferred stock of KCS. Each share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of KCS that was outstanding immediately prior to the merger was converted into the right to receive (1) 2.884 common shares of CP and (2) $90 in cash (together, the “Merger Consideration”), and each share of preferred stock, par value $25 per share, that was outstanding immediately prior to the merger was converted into the right to receive $37.50 in cash. The Merger Consideration value received by KCS stockholders was $301.20 per KCS common share. KCS stockholders were expected to own approximately 28% of CP’s outstanding common shares at the date of the acquisition.
The merger transaction was completed through a series of mergers as outlined in the Merger Agreement. These mergers ultimately resulted in KCS being merged with and into Cygnus Merger Sub 1 Corporation (“Surviving Merger Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of CP, with Surviving Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Surviving Merger Sub was renamed “Kansas City Southern” and as successor company of KCS, continued to own the assets of KCS. Immediately following the consummation of the mergers, CP caused the contribution, directly and indirectly, of all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of Surviving Merger Sub, as successor to KCS, to be deposited into an independent, irrevocable voting trust (the “Voting Trust”) under a voting trust agreement (the “Voting Trust Agreement”) approved by the STB, pending receipt of the final and non-appealable approval or exemption by the STB pursuant to 49 U.S.C. § 11323 et seq., of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement (“STB Final Approval”). The Voting Trust prevents CP, or any affiliate of CP, from controlling or having the power to control KCS prior to STB Final Approval. Following receipt of STB Final Approval and approval from other applicable regulatory authorities, the Voting Trust will be terminated and CP will acquire control over KCS’s railroad operations. STB Final Approval is expected to be granted in the fourth quarter of 2022, subject to the regulatory review process.
On December 14, 2021, the merger of KCS and Surviving Merger Sub was accounted for as a recapitalization of KCS’s equity. Upon STB Final Approval, the transaction will be accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. See more details regarding the recapitalization in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 14, Stockholder(s)’ Equity.
For the year ended December 31, 2021, KCS reported $264.0 million of merger-related costs. These merger costs primarily related to bankers’ fees, compensation and benefits costs, and legal fees and were recognized in merger costs, net within the consolidated statements of income.
On September 30, 2021, KCS entered into a letter waiver with lenders to the KCS revolving credit facility to waive the events of default that would occur under the KCS revolving credit facility as a result of the change of control that would arise upon consummation of the voting trust transaction and as a result of CP obtaining control of KCS following final approval of the transaction by the STB. The foregoing description of the letter waiver is qualified in its entirety by the full text of the letter waiver, incorporated by reference as Exhibit 10.13.1. See more details regarding the Company’s debt in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 12, Long-Term Debt.
On December 14, 2021, in connection with the closing of the merger transaction, the Company, Surviving Merger Sub and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee, entered into supplemental indentures (the “Supplemental Indentures”) to (i) the Indenture, dated as of April 29, 2019, (ii) the Indenture, dated as of October 29, 2013, (iii) the Indenture, dated as of July 27, 2015 and (iv) the Indenture, dated as of December 9, 2015 (each, as amended, supplemented or modified from time to time, an “Indenture”), in each case pursuant to which the Surviving Merger Sub assumed the Company’s rights and obligations under each Indenture and the debt securities outstanding thereunder. In addition, the Company, Surviving Merger Sub and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Agent”), entered into an assumption agreement and joinder (the “Assumption Agreement”) pursuant to which the Surviving Merger Sub assumed the Company’s rights and obligations under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of March 8, 2019, among the Company, the Agent and the other parties from time to time party thereto (as amended, supplemented or modified from time to time). The foregoing descriptions of the Supplemental Indentures and Assumption Agreement are not complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to such Supplemental Indentures or Assumption Agreement, as applicable, copies of which are incorporated by reference as Exhibits 4.2.2, 4.4.3, 4.5.4, 4.6.15, and 10.13.2.
COVID-19
As a provider of critical infrastructure, KCS has an obligation to keep employees working and freight moving. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, KCS has remained focused on protecting the health and well-being of its employees and the communities in which it operates while assuring the continuity of its business operations. In 2020 and 2021, the Company

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has taken numerous measures to overcome adverse operational and financial impacts to the Company related to the COVID-19 pandemic including, but not limited to, implementing a variety of health and safety measures (e.g. separating dispatching and crew operations and providing enhanced cleaning and hygiene protocols), restricting administrative employee business travel and permitting remote work for employees where possible. In 2021, the Company strongly encouraged employees to get vaccinated and offered incentives to do so.
COVID-19 costs increased total expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 by approximately $8.0 million, primarily due to expenses related to cleaning and decontamination of locomotives and other workspaces and the costs of protective gear for KCS employees and wages paid to employees who were symptomatic or in quarantine. COVID-19 costs for the year ended December 31, 2020 were approximately $10.0 million. The $2.0 million decrease in costs for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to the same period in 2020, was due to lower wages paid to certain employees who were allowed to stay home pursuant to a Mexican presidential decree.
KCS believes it has a strong liquidity position to continue business operations and service its debt obligations. As disclosed in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section, the Company has total available liquidity of $939.3 million as of December 31, 2021, consisting of cash on hand and a revolving credit facility. KCS continues to monitor the on-going impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on its liquidity and capital resources.
2021 Financial Overview
Revenues increased 12% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 2020, due to a 7% increase in revenue per carload/unit and a 5% increase in carload/unit volumes. Revenue per carload/unit increased due to higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, mix, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. Carload/unit volumes increased due to strength in utility coal shipments, recovery from COVID-19 impacts in 2020 on the industrial and consumer and intermodal business units, increased grain shipments, and strength in refined fuel product shipments into Mexico during the first half of the year, partially offset by refined fuel terminal shutdowns and import inspections delays as a result of increased Mexico regulation.
Operating expenses increased 27% for the year ended December 31, 2021, as compared to 2020, primarily due to merger costs, higher diesel fuel price and consumption, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenues (“operating ratio”) increased to 70.0% in 2021 from 61.9% in 2020.




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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Year Ended December 31, 2021, compared with the Year Ended December 31, 2020
The following summarizes KCS’s consolidated income statement components (in millions):
20212020Change
Revenues$2,947.3 $2,632.6 $314.7 
Operating expenses2,063.5 1,629.6 433.9 
Operating income883.8 1,003.0 (119.2)
Equity in net earnings (losses) of affiliates16.7 (1.4)18.1 
Interest expense(156.0)(150.9)(5.1)
Foreign exchange loss(9.0)(29.6)20.6 
Other income, net2.6 2.1 0.5 
Income before income taxes738.1 823.2 (85.1)
Income tax expense211.1 204.1 7.0 
Net income527.0 619.1 (92.1)
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest1.8 2.1 (0.3)
Net income attributable to Kansas City Southern and subsidiaries$525.2 $617.0 $(91.8)

Operating Metrics
The Company has established the following key metrics and goals to measure precision scheduled railroading (“PSR”) progress and performance:
Years endedImprovement/ (Deterioration)
December 31,
20212020
Gross velocity (mph) (i)
14.015.1(7)%
Terminal dwell (hours) (ii)
23.522.1(6)%
Train length (feet) (iii)
6,6356,671(1)%
Fuel efficiency (gallons per 1,000 GTM's) (iv)
1.231.241%
    
                                                        
(i) Gross velocity is the average train speed between origin and destination in miles per hour calculated as the sum of the miles traveled divided by the sum of total transit hours. Transit hours are measured as the difference between a train’s origin departure and destination arrival date and times broken down by segment across the train route (includes all time spent including crew changes, terminal dwell, delays, and incidents).
(ii) Terminal dwell is the average amount of time in hours between car arrival to and departure from the yard (excludes cars that move through a terminal on a run-through train, stored, bad ordered, and maintenance-of-way cars). Calculated by dividing the total number of hours cars spent in terminals by the total count of car dwell events.
(iii) Train length is the average length of a train across its reporting stations, including the origin and intermediate stations. Length of a train is the sum of car and locomotive lengths measured in feet.
(iv) Fuel efficiency is calculated by taking locomotive fuel consumed in gallons divided by thousand gross ton miles (“GTM’s”) net of detours with no associated fuel gallons. GTM’s are the movement of one ton of train weight over one mile calculated by multiplying total train weight by distance the train moved. GTM’s exclude locomotive gross ton miles.
The decline in velocity and increase in dwell for the year ended December 30, 2021, compared to 2020, were primarily due to lingering network congestion during the first half of 2021.


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Revenues
The following summarizes revenues (in millions), carload/unit statistics (in thousands) and revenue per carload/unit:
RevenuesCarloads and UnitsRevenue per Carload/Unit
20212020% Change20212020% Change20212020% Change
Chemical and petroleum$851.8 $763.8 12 %371.5 356.7 %$2,293 $2,141 %
Industrial and consumer products589.6 537.7 10 %304.3 300.5 %1,938 1,789 %
Agriculture and minerals571.7 505.4 13 %269.9 251.0 %2,118 2,014 %
Energy254.8 195.0 31 %263.1 210.0 25 %968 929 %
Intermodal346.3 319.1 %952.8 924.5 %363 345 %
Automotive183.2 172.7 %104.6 110.7 (6 %)1,751 1,560 12 %
Carload revenues, carloads and units2,797.4 2,493.7 12 %2,266.2 2,153.4 %$1,234 $1,158 %
Other revenue149.9 138.9 %
Total revenues (i)$2,947.3 $2,632.6 12 %
(i) Included in revenues:
Fuel surcharge$274.5 $208.7 
Revenues include revenue for transportation services and fuel surcharges. For the year ended December 31, 2021, revenues increased 12% due to an increase in revenue per carload/unit of 7% and an increase in carloads/unit volumes of 5%, respectively, compared to 2020.
For the year ended December 31, 2021, revenue per carload/unit increased by 7%, compared to the prior year, due to higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing, mix, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. The average exchange rate of Mexican pesos per U.S. dollar was Ps.20.3 for 2021, compared to Ps.21.5 for 2020, which resulted in an increase to revenues of approximately $26.0 million.
Carload/unit volumes increased due to strength in utility coal shipments, recovery from COVID-19 impacts on the industrial and consumer and intermodal business units, increased grain shipments, and strength in refined fuel product shipments into Mexico during the first half of the year, partially offset by refined fuel terminal shutdowns and import inspections delays as a result of increased Mexico regulation.
KCS’s fuel surcharges are a mechanism to adjust revenue based upon changes in fuel prices above fuel price thresholds set in KCS’s tariffs or contracts. Fuel surcharge revenue is calculated using a fuel price from a prior time period that can be up to 60 days earlier. In a period of volatile fuel prices or changing customer business mix, changes in fuel expense and fuel surcharge revenue may differ.
Fuel surcharge revenue increased $65.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to the prior year, primarily due to higher fuel prices and volumes.

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The following discussion provides an analysis of revenues by commodity group:
Revenues by commodity
group for 2021


Chemical and petroleum. Revenues increased $88.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a 7% increase in revenue per carload/unit and a 4% increase in carload/unit volumes. Revenue per carload/unit increased due to mix, higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, partially offset by shorter average length of haul. Volumes increased due to refined fuel product shipments into Mexico during the first half of the year, partially offset by refined fuel terminal shutdowns and import inspections delays as a result of increased Mexico regulation.
ksu-20211231_g6.jpg
Industrial and consumer products. Revenues increased $51.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to an 8% increase in revenue per carload/unit and 1% increase in carload/unit volumes. Revenue per carload/unit increased due to mix, higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, partially offset by shorter average length of haul. Volumes increased primarily due to recovery from COVID-19 impacts in 2020, increased demand for metals and scrap, and new steel plants opening on the KCSM network.
ksu-20211231_g7.jpg


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Revenues by commodity
group for 2021
Agriculture and minerals. Revenues increased $66.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to an 8% increase in carload/unit volumes and a 5% increase in revenue per carload/unit. Volumes increased due to grain shipments on improved cycle times. Revenue per carload/unit increased due to higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, partially offset by mix and shorter average length of haul.
ksu-20211231_g8.jpg
Energy. Revenues increased $59.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a 25% increase in carload/unit volumes and a 4% increase in revenue per carload/unit. Volumes increased in utility coal as a result of higher natural gas prices, plant outages in prior year, and rebuilding of stockpiles. Volumes also increased in crude oil due to new business and recovery of economic conditions. Revenue per carload/unit increased due to higher fuel surcharge, longer average length of haul, positive pricing impacts, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, partially offset by mix.
ksu-20211231_g9.jpg

Intermodal. Revenues increased $27.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a 5% increase in revenue per carload/unit and a 3% increase in carload/unit volumes. Revenue per carload/unit increased compared to     the same period in 2020, due to higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, partially offset by mix. Carload/unit volumes increased due to recovery from COVID-19 impacts in 2020, partially offset by service interruptions at Lazaro Cardenas port in Mexico due to KCSM right-of-way blockages resulting from teachers’ protests from the end of July through early November and lower auto plant production driven by a global microchip shortage affecting auto parts shipments.
Automotive. Revenues increased $10.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a 12% increase in revenue per carload/unit, partially offset by a 6% decrease in carload/unit volumes. Revenue per carload/unit increased compared to the same period in 2020, due to longer average length of haul, the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar, higher fuel surcharge, positive pricing impacts, and mix. Volumes decreased due to lower auto plant production driven by a global microchip shortage.

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Operating Expenses
Operating expenses, as shown below (in millions), increased $433.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, primarily due to merger costs, higher diesel fuel price and consumption and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar.
The strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar resulted in increased expense of approximately $25.0 million for expense transactions denominated in Mexican pesos. The average exchange rate of Mexican pesos per U.S. dollar was Ps.20.3 for 2021 compared to Ps.21.5 for 2020.

Change
20212020DollarsPercent
Compensation and benefits$522.0 $476.5 $45.5 10 %
Purchased services211.8 198.1 13.7 %
Fuel313.6 219.8 93.8 43 %
Equipment costs82.2 85.8 (3.6)(4 %)
Depreciation and amortization365.8 357.9 7.9 %
Materials and other304.1 260.9 43.2 17 %
Merger costs, net264.0 — 264.0 100 %
Write-off of software development costs— 13.6 (13.6)(100 %)
Restructuring charges— 17.0 (17.0)(100 %)
Total operating expenses$2,063.5 $1,629.6 $433.9 27 %
Compensation and benefits. Compensation and benefits increased $45.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to wage and benefit inflation of approximately $18.0 million, an increase in headcount and hours worked of approximately $15.0 million, the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar of approximately $8.0 million, and costs relating to Mexican outsourcing reform of approximately $8.0 million, partially offset by decreased incentive compensation of approximately $8.0 million.
Purchased services. Purchased services expense increased $13.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to an increase in software and programming expense of approximately $8.0 million, higher trackage rights of approximately $4.0 million, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar of approximately $3.0 million.
Fuel. Fuel expense increased $93.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to higher diesel fuel prices in the U.S. and Mexico of approximately $48.0 million and $23.0 million, respectively, increased consumption of approximately $13.0 million, and the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar of approximately $10.0 million. The average price per gallon was $2.50 in 2021, compared to $1.90 in 2020.
Equipment costs. Equipment costs decreased $3.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to decreased car hire expense of approximately $2.0 million due to decreased rates, including incentives. Equipment costs also decreased due to lower lease expense of approximately $2.0 million primarily due to freight car lease expirations and terminations resulting from PSR initiatives.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense increased $7.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a larger asset base.
Materials and other. Materials and other expense increased $43.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to increased materials and supplies expense of approximately $23.0 million, primarily resulting from increasing the active locomotive fleet to support service recovery and volume growth in the second half of 2021; a one-time contract dispute recognized of approximately $10.0 million; higher employee expenses of approximately $8.0 million; unfavorable legal settlement of approximately $5.0 million; reduced property taxes of approximately $4.0 million in 2020; and

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the strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar of approximately $4.0 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in personal injury expense of approximately $11.0 million.
Merger costs, net. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company recognized $264.0 million of merger costs primarily related to bankers’ fees, compensation and benefits costs, and legal fees. Refer to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 3, Merger Agreement for more information.
Write-off of software development costs. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized $13.6 million of expense related to costs previously capitalized for the development of internal-use software. The development of the software was cancelled prior to completion and had no further use.
Restructuring charges. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized $17.0 million of restructuring charges primarily related to the Company’s voluntary separation program of $9.7 million and the purchase of impaired, leased locomotives of $6.0 million. Refer to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 4, Restructuring Charges for more information.

Non-Operating Expenses
Equity in net earnings (losses) of affiliates. Equity in net earnings (losses) of affiliates increased $18.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, primarily due to increases in net earnings from PCRC resulting from increased container volumes and a gain on insurance recoveries recognized in the third quarter of 2021, related to a three-month rail bridge outage that occurred in June 2020. Equity in earnings of TCM increased due to decreased interest, tax expense and foreign exchange losses. Equity in earnings of FTVM increased due to decreased expenses from prior year.
Interest expense. Interest expense increased $5.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to higher average debt balances. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the average debt balance (including commercial paper) was $3,809.4 million, compared to $3,679.4 million in 2020. The average interest rate for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 was 4.1% for both periods.
Foreign exchange loss. For the year ended December 31, 2021, foreign exchange loss was $9.0 million, compared to a loss of $29.6 million in 2020. Foreign exchange loss includes the re-measurement and settlement of net monetary assets denominated in Mexican pesos and the loss on foreign currency derivative contracts.
For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the re-measurement and settlement of net monetary assets and liabilities denominated in Mexican pesos resulted in a foreign exchange loss of $5.3 million and $7.1 million, respectively.
The Company enters into foreign currency derivative contracts to hedge its net exposure to fluctuations in the Mexican cash tax obligation due to changes in the value of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. For the year ended December 31, 2021, foreign exchange loss on foreign currency derivative contracts was $3.7 million, compared to a loss of $22.5 million in 2020.
Other income, net. Other income, net, increased $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020 primarily due to an increase in miscellaneous income.
Income tax expense. Income tax expense increased $7.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to 2020, due to a higher effective tax rate. The higher effective tax rate was primarily due to non-deductible transaction costs and executive compensation resulting from the merger. In addition, the year ended December 31, 2020 included a one-time benefit for global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) regulations that provided for a retroactive high-tax exception. The increase in tax expense was partially offset by excess tax benefits on share-based compensation, lower pre-tax income due to merger costs and changes in state tax law.
The fluctuations of the Mexican peso decreased the Company’s Mexican cash tax obligation by $3.1 million and $13.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

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 Differences between the Company’s effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 21% for 2021 and 2020 follow (in millions):
20212020Change
DollarsPercentDollarsPercentDollarsPercent
Income tax expense using the statutory rate in effect$155.0 21.0 %$172.9 21.0 %$(17.9)— 
Tax effect of:
Difference between U.S. and foreign tax rate51.9 7.0 %44.1 5.4 %7.8 1.6 %
Share-based compensation(25.2)(3.4 %)(4.6)(0.6 %)(20.6)(2.8 %)
Non-deductible executive compensation14.7 2.0 %1.8 0.2 %12.9 1.8 %
Non-deductible transaction costs14.0 1.9 %— — 14.0 1.9 %
Tax credits(11.7)(1.6 %)(13.8)(1.7 %)2.1 0.1 %
Inflation(10.4)(1.4 %)(4.9)(0.6 %)(5.5)(0.8 %)
Withholding tax8.5 1.2 %9.9 1.2 %(1.4)— 
Foreign exchange (i)5.9 0.8 %(3.4)(0.4 %)9.3 1.2 %
GILTI tax, net0.4 0.1 %(14.5)(1.8 %)14.9 1.9 %
State and local income tax provision, net0.2 — 12.5 1.5 %(12.3)(1.5 %)
Other, net7.8 1.0 %4.1 0.6 %3.7 0.4 %
Income tax expense$211.1 28.6 %$204.1 24.8 %$7.0 3.8 %
_____________________
(i)The Company’s Mexican subsidiaries have net U.S. dollar-denominated monetary liabilities which, for Mexican income tax purposes, are subject to periodic revaluation based on changes in the value of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. This revaluation creates fluctuations in the Company’s Mexican income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income and the amount of income taxes paid in Mexico. The Company also has net monetary assets denominated in Mexican pesos, that are subject to periodic re-measurement and settlement that creates fluctuations in foreign currency gains and losses in the consolidated statements of income. The Company hedges its net exposure to variations in earnings by entering into foreign currency forward contracts. The foreign currency forward contracts involve the Company’s agreement to buy or sell pesos at an agreed-upon exchange rate on a future date. Refer to to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 10, Derivative Instruments for further information.

Mexico Regulatory and Legal Updates
Outsourcing Reform. In April 2021, Mexico approved several amendments to federal labor, tax, social security, and other laws (“Outsourcing Reform”), which prohibit the subcontracting and outsourcing of personnel. Outsourcing Reform allows for certain exceptions, including the subcontracting of specialized services that are not part of a recipient company’s corporate purpose or main economic activities. A 90-day transition period was granted to allow companies to comply with Outsourcing Reform. Non-compliance could result in penalties and the loss of deductions and value-added tax (“VAT”) credits on third party and related party service payments.
Previously, KCSM subcontracted its management and union employees, other than the president and executive representative of KCSM, from its affiliate, KCSM Servicios, S.A. de C.V. (“KCSM Servicios”), a wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiary of the Company. As a result of Outsourcing Reform, KCSM Servicios was merged into KCSM on July 2, 2021, resulting in KCSM Servicios employees becoming employees of KCSM.
Outsourcing Reform also limits the statutory profit sharing payment per employee (referred to by its Spanish acronym “PTU”) to the greater of three months’ salary or the average of the amount of profit sharing received in the last three years. KCSM Servicios’ employees were eligible for PTU and received PTU payments and other bonuses. As employees of KCSM, employees are eligible to receive PTU payments from KCSM. Outsourcing Reform increased 2021 net expense by

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approximately $5.0 million. KCSM does not expect Outsourcing Reform will have a significant impact on the Company’s 2022 consolidated financial statements.
Hydrocarbons Law. On May 5, 2021, new legislation pertaining to the transport and handling of hydrocarbons in Mexico became effective. This legislation addresses a wide array of issues related to the storage, transportation and handling of petroleum products, as well as the illegal import of hydrocarbons. The legislation is being challenged in the court system by a number of stakeholders and is currently subject to a court-ordered injunction, resulting in a suspension of the implementation and enforcement of this new law. To date, this law has not had a material effect on the Company or its operations. However, the Company is continuing to monitor this law and is evaluating the effect on the Company and its business operations.
Inspections Related to Imports and Terminals. During 2021, the SCT and other relevant Mexican authorities increased inspections of imports and enforcement of various regulations and permit requirements related to terminal operations, with specific focus on imports of refined products and refined fuel transloading terminals and freight terminals, in order to prevent the illegal importation of refined fuel products. These inspections resulted in delays related to the import of shipments into Mexico as well as the shutdown of several refined fuel terminals in the second half of 2021. The SCT has instructed KCSM to provide railway service only to those terminals that have the applicable permits. If KCSM were to fail to comply with the SCT requirements, the Company could be subject to fines and potential revocation of the Concession. As a result, KCS’s freight revenue from refined products decreased significantly in the second half of 2021, as compared to the first half of 2021. See further discussion in the Revenues section.
Value-Added Tax Law. In November 2021, changes in the VAT law were effective beginning January 1, 2022 that reduce the recoverability of VAT paid by KCSM on its expenditures that support international import transportation service revenues that are not subject to a VAT charge. As a result of the law change, in general, beginning in 2022, KCSM is changing its service offering for these services in a manner that either requires VAT to be charged to customers on KCSM’s transportation service revenue, or the imposition by KCSM of a rate increase to offset the negative impact of the unrecoverable VAT. As a result of mitigation activities taken by the Company, KCSM does not expect this change in law will have a significant impact on the Company’s 2022 consolidated financial statements.
Carta Porte. In the second quarter of 2021, KCSM was notified by the Servicio de Administración Tributaria (“SAT”) that shipping companies (cargo airlines, trucks, maritime, railroads, etc.) must include additional bill of lading information (referred to in Mexico as “Carta Porte”) with the invoice for all merchandise shipped in Mexico, including cross-border, international and Mexico domestic shipments. The Carta Porte requirements and deadline were modified several times throughout 2021. The effective date of January 1, 2022, included a three month grace period during which penalties and fines for inaccurate information would not be imposed. KCSM adapted its systems to comply with these requirements. Failure to comply with Carta Porte requirements subsequent to the grace period could result in penalties and fines imposed by the SAT, shipping delays causing network congestion and delayed invoicing and cash collections. In addition, in the event of repeated noncompliance with Carta Porte requirements, the SAT has the power to preventively shutdown operations of a company.
For a comparison of the Company’s results of operations for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 to the year ended December 31, 2019, see Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 29, 2021.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Overview
The Company focuses its cash and capital resources on investing in the business, shareholder returns and optimizing its capital structure.
The Company believes, based on current expectations, that cash and other liquid assets, operating cash flows, and other available financing resources will be sufficient to fund anticipated operating expenses, capital expenditures, debt service costs, dividends, and other commitments for the foreseeable future.

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During the first quarter of 2021, KCS received 233,402 shares of common stock as final settlement of the forward contracts totaling $75.0 million under the accelerated share repurchase (“ASR”) agreements entered into during October 2020 under the 2019 share repurchase program. The final weighted-average price per share of the shares repurchased under these ASR agreements was $191.75. The Company terminated its share repurchase program upon entering into its initial merger agreement with CP in March 2021. Refer to Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 14, Stockholder(s)’ Equity for additional detail on the Company’s common share repurchase program and ASR agreements.
During 2021, the Company invested $489.4 million in capital expenditures. See Capital Expenditures section for further details.
The Company’s financing instruments contain restrictive covenants that limit or preclude certain actions; however, the covenants are structured such that the Company expects to have sufficient flexibility to conduct its operations. The Company has been, and expects to continue to be, in compliance with all of its debt covenants.
For discussion regarding the agreements representing the indebtedness of KCS, refer to Note 11, Short-Term Borrowings and Note 12, Long-Term Debt of the consolidated financial statements.
During the first three quarters of 2021, the Company’s Board of Directors declared quarterly cash dividends of $0.54 per share or $147.3 million on its common stock. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, KCS plans to make periodic cash distributions to a wholly-owned subsidiary of CP based upon cash generated, the timing of capital expenditures and working capital needs of the Company.
On December 31, 2021, total available liquidity (the cash balance plus revolving credit facility availability) was $939.3 million, compared to available liquidity at December 31, 2020 of $788.2 million.
As of December 31, 2021, the total cash and cash equivalents held outside of the U.S. in foreign subsidiaries was $11.5 million, after repatriating $336.2 million during 2021. The Company expects that this cash will be available to fund company operations without incurring significant additional income taxes.
Since January 2019, the Company has generated a refundable VAT balance and filed refund claims with the SAT that are still under review. The refundable VAT balance increased to $152.2 million as of December 31, 2021. Delays in refunds of VAT from the Mexican government negatively impacted KCSM’s cash flow by approximately $57.0 million and $43.0 million in 2021 and 2020.
Cash Flow Information and Contractual Obligations
Summary cash flow data follows (in millions):
20212020
Cash flows provided by (used for):
Operating activities$935.8 $1,080.0 
Investing activities(531.2)(526.0)
Financing activities(251.2)(510.3)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(2.3)(4.3)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents151.1 39.4 
Cash and cash equivalents beginning of year188.2 148.8 
Cash and cash equivalents end of year$339.3 $188.2 
During 2021, cash and cash equivalents increased $151.1 million as a result of the impacts discussed below.

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Operating Cash Flows. Net cash provided by operating activities decreased $144.2 million for 2021, as compared to 2020, primarily due to cash payments for merger of costs of $2,287.2 million, partially offset by merger termination fee reimbursements of $2,100.0 million, lower payments for settlements of foreign currency derivative instruments of $18.1 million, and increased distributions from affiliates of $7.5 million.
Investing Cash Flows. Net cash used for investing activities increased $5.2 million for 2021, as compared to 2020, due to an $84.9 million increase in capital expenditures, partially offset by a $78.2 million decrease in expenditures for the purchase or replacement of assets under existing operating leases. Additional information is included within the Capital Expenditure section of Liquidity and Capital Resources.
Financing Cash Flows. Net cash used for financing activities decreased $259.1 million for 2021, as compared to 2020, due to a decrease in shares repurchased, including under ASR agreements, of $888.9 million, partially offset by a decrease in proceeds from issuance of long-term debt of $545.6 million and an increase in cash settlement of stock options of $75.2 million.
For a comparison of liquidity and capital resources and the Company’s cash flow activities for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, see Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 29, 2021.
Contractual Obligations. The following table outlines the material obligations and commitments as of December 31, 2021 (in millions):
Payments Due by Period
TotalLess Than
1 Year
1-3 Years3-5 YearsMore than
5 years
Long-term debt and short-term borrowings (including interest and finance lease obligations) (i)$7,043.8 $157.3 $928.8 $512.5 $5,445.2 
Operating leases 72.0 23.4 30.5 11.7 6.4 
Obligations due to uncertainty in income taxes2.2 0.6 1.6 — — 
Capital expenditure obligations (ii)238.9 117.3 121.6 — — 
Other contractual obligations (iii)480.7 98.2 145.7 146.3 90.5 
Total$7,837.6 $396.8 $1,228.2 $670.5 $5,542.1 
_____________________
(i)For variable rate obligations, interest payments were calculated using the December 31, 2021 rate. For fixed rate obligations, interest payments were calculated based on the applicable rates and payment dates.
(ii)Capital expenditure obligations include minimum capital expenditures under the KCSM Concession agreement and other regulatory requirements.
(iii)Other contractual obligations include purchase commitments and certain maintenance agreements.
In the normal course of business, the Company enters into long-term contractual commitments for future goods and services needed for the operations of the business. Such commitments are not in excess of expected requirements and are not reasonably likely to result in performance penalties or payments that would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity. Such commitments are not included in the above table.
The SCT requires KCSM to submit a three-year capital expenditures plan every three years. The most recent three-year plan was submitted in 2020 for the years 2021 — 2023. KCSM expects to continue capital spending at current levels in future years and will continue to have capital expenditure obligations past 2023, which are not included in the table above.

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Capital Expenditures
KCS has funded capital expenditures with operating cash flows and short and long-term debt.
The following table summarizes capital expenditures by type for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively (in millions):
20212020
Roadway capital program$258.8 $239.8 
Locomotives and freight cars68.0 45.2 
Capacity101.1 65.4 
Information technology41.2 40.6 
Positive train control14.3 15.9 
Other6.0 3.3 
Total capital expenditures (accrual basis)489.4 410.2 
Change in capital accruals7.4 1.7 
Total cash capital expenditures$496.8 $411.9 
Total cash purchase or replacement of assets under operating leases$— $78.2 

Generally, the Company’s capital program consists of capital replacement and equipment. For 2022, internally generated cash flows are expected to fund cash capital expenditures, which are currently estimated to be approximately 16.5% of revenue in 2022, assuming constant currency and fuel price.
Property Statistics
The following table summarizes certain property statistics as of December 31:
20212020
Track miles of rail installed76 89 
Cross ties installed (thousands)494 538 

SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The following is a description of the terms and conditions of the guarantees with respect to senior notes for which KCS is an issuer or provides full and unconditional guarantee.

Note Guarantees
As of December 31, 2021, KCS had outstanding $3,736.2 million principal amount of senior notes due through 2069. The Kansas City Southern Railway Company (“KCSR”) had outstanding $2.7 million principal amount of senior notes due through 2045 (together, the “Senior Notes”). The senior notes for which KCS is the issuer are unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on an unsecured senior basis, by each of KCS’s current and future domestic consolidated subsidiaries that from time to time guarantees certain of KCS’s credit agreements, or any other debt of KCS, or any of KCS’s significant subsidiaries that is a guarantor (each, a “Guarantor Subsidiary,” and collectively, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”). In addition, the senior notes for which KCSR is the issuer are unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on an unsecured senior basis, by KCS and each of its current and future domestic consolidated subsidiaries that from time to time guarantees KCSR’s credit agreement, or any other debt of KCSR or any of KCSR’s significant subsidiaries that is a Guarantor Subsidiary. The obligations of each Guarantor Subsidiary under its note guarantee are limited as necessary to prevent such note guarantee from constituting a fraudulent conveyance under applicable law. A guarantee of the Senior Notes by KCS or a Guarantor Subsidiary is subject to release in the following circumstances: (i) the sale, disposition, exchange or other transfer (including through merger, consolidation, amalgamation or otherwise) of the capital stock of the Guarantor Subsidiary made in a manner not in violation of the indenture;

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(ii) the designation of the subsidiary as an “Unrestricted Subsidiary” under the indenture; (iii) the legal defeasance or covenant defeasance of the Senior Notes in accordance with the terms of the indenture; or (iv) the Guarantor Subsidiary ceasing to be KCS’s subsidiary as a result of any foreclosure of any pledge or security interest securing KCS’s Revolving Credit Facility or other exercise of remedies in respect thereof. There were no changes to the guarantor structure as a result of the merger with CP. The merger is further discussed within Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Information and Results of Operations — Merger Agreement.
KCSM and any other foreign subsidiaries of KCS do not, and will not, guarantee the Senior Notes (“Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries”).
The following tables present summarized financial information for KCS and the Guarantor Subsidiaries on a combined basis after intercompany transactions have been eliminated, including adjustments to remove the receivable and payable balances, investment in, and equity in earnings from the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries.

Summarized Financial Information

Income StatementsKCS and Guarantor Subsidiaries
Years ended December 31,
20212020
Revenues$1,561.3 $1,368.7 
Operating expenses1,200.8 846.9 
Operating income360.5 521.8 
Income before income taxes207.7 375.4 
Net income182.7 329.8 

Balance SheetsKCS and Guarantor Subsidiaries
December 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets:
Current assets$524.6 $298.8 
Property and equipment (including concession assets), net4,876.5 4,751.3 
Other non-current assets125.8 110.8 
Liabilities and equity:
Current liabilities$316.5 $318.2 
Non-current liabilities4,942.7 4,841.2 
Noncontrolling interest328.2 326.4 
Excluded from current assets in the table above are $199.8 million and $183.7 million of current intercompany receivables due to KCS and the Guarantor Subsidiaries from the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. Excluded from current liabilities in the table above are $267.5 million and $235.8 million of current intercompany payables due to the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries from KCS and the Guarantor Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
The Senior Notes are structurally subordinated to the indebtedness and other liabilities of the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries. The Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries are separate and distinct legal entities and have no obligation, contingent or otherwise, to pay any amounts due pursuant to the Senior Notes or the indentures, or to make any funds available therefor, whether by dividends, loans, distributions or other payments. Any right that KCS or the Guarantor Subsidiaries have to receive any assets of any of the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries upon the liquidation or reorganization of any Non-Guarantor Subsidiary, and the consequent rights of holders of Senior Notes to realize proceeds from the sale of any of a Non-Guarantor Subsidiary’s assets, would be effectively subordinated to the claims of such Non-Guarantor Subsidiary’s creditors, including trade creditors

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and holders of preferred equity interests, if any, of such Non-Guarantor Subsidiary. Accordingly, in the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganization of any of the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries, the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries will pay the holders of their debts, holders of preferred equity interests, if any, and their trade creditors before they will be able to distribute any of their assets to KCS or any Guarantor Subsidiary.
If a Guarantor Subsidiary were to become a debtor in a case under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code or encounter other financial difficulty, under federal or state fraudulent transfer or conveyance law, a court may avoid, subordinate or otherwise decline to enforce its guarantee of the Senior Notes. A court might do so if it is found that when such Guarantor Subsidiary entered into its guarantee of the Senior Notes, or in some states when payments became due under the Senior Notes, such Guarantor Subsidiary received less than reasonably equivalent value or fair consideration and either:
• was insolvent or rendered insolvent by reason of such incurrence;
• was left with unreasonably small or otherwise inadequate capital to conduct its business; or
• believed or reasonably should have believed that it would incur debts beyond its ability to pay.
The court might also avoid the guarantee of the Senior Notes without regard to the above factors, if the court found that a Guarantor Subsidiary entered into its guarantee with actual intent to hinder, delay or defraud its creditors.
A court would likely find that a Guarantor Subsidiary did not receive reasonably equivalent value or fair consideration for its guarantee of the Senior Notes, if such Guarantor Subsidiary did not substantially benefit directly or indirectly from the funding made available by the issuance of the Senior Notes. If a court were to avoid a guarantee of the Senior Notes provided by a Guarantor Subsidiary, holders of the Senior Notes would no longer have any claim against such Guarantor Subsidiary. The measures of insolvency for purposes of these fraudulent transfer or conveyance laws will vary depending upon the law applied in any proceeding to determine whether a fraudulent transfer or conveyance has occurred, such that the Company cannot predict what standards a court would use to determine whether or not a Guarantor Subsidiary was solvent at the relevant time or, regardless of the standard that a court uses, that the guarantee of a Guarantor Subsidiary would not be subordinated to such Guarantor Subsidiary’s other debt. As noted above, each guarantee provided by a Guarantor Subsidiary includes a provision intended to limit the Guarantor Subsidiary’s liability to the maximum amount that it could incur without causing the incurrence of obligations under its guarantee to be a fraudulent transfer or conveyance. This provision may not be effective to protect those guarantees from being avoided under fraudulent transfer or conveyance law, or it may reduce that Guarantor Subsidiary’s obligation to an amount that effectively makes its guarantee worthless, and the Company cannot predict whether a court will ultimately find it to be effective.
On the basis of historical financial information, operating history and other factors, the Company believes that each of the Guarantor Subsidiaries, after giving effect to the issuance of its guarantee of the Senior Notes when such guarantee was issued, was not insolvent, did not have unreasonably small capital for the business in which it engaged and did not and has not incurred debts beyond its ability to pay such debts as they mature. The Company cannot predict, however, as to what standard a court would apply in making these determinations or that a court would agree with the Company’s conclusions in this regard.


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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
KCS’s accounting and financial reporting policies are in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that the following accounting policies and estimates are critical to an understanding of KCS’s historical and future performance. Management has discussed the development and selection of the following critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of KCS’s Board of Directors and the Audit Committee has reviewed the selection, application and disclosure of the Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates.
Capitalization, Depreciation and Amortization of Property and Equipment (including Concession Assets)
Due to the highly capital intensive nature of the railroad industry, capitalization and depreciation of property and equipment are a substantial portion of the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Net property and equipment, including concession assets, comprised approximately 88% of the Company’s total assets as of December 31, 2021, and related depreciation and amortization comprised approximately 18% of total operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2021.
KCS capitalizes costs for self-constructed additions and improvements to property including direct labor and material, indirect costs, and interest during long-term construction projects. The Company has a process in place to determine which costs qualify for capitalization, which requires judgment. Direct costs are charged to capital projects based on the work performed and the material used. Indirect costs are allocated to capital projects as a standard percentage, which is evaluated annually, and applied to direct labor and material costs. Asset removal activities are performed in conjunction with replacement activities; therefore, removal costs are estimated based on a standard percentage of direct labor and indirect costs related to capital replacement projects. For purchased assets, all costs necessary to make the asset ready for its intended use are capitalized. Expenditures that significantly increase asset values, productive capacity, efficiency, safety or extend useful lives are capitalized. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
KCS capitalizes certain costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Capitalized software costs are included in “Property and Equipment” on the consolidated balance sheets. Costs incurred during the preliminary project and post-implementation stage, as well as maintenance and training costs, are expensed as incurred.
Property and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated primarily on the group method of depreciation, which the Company believes closely approximates a straight line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets measured in years. The group method of depreciation applies a composite rate to classes of similar assets rather than to individual assets. Composite depreciation rates are based upon the Company’s estimates of the expected average useful lives of assets as well as expected net salvage value at the end of their useful lives. In developing these estimates, the Company utilizes periodic depreciation studies performed by an independent engineering firm. Depreciation rate studies are performed at least every three years for all asset classes. The depreciation studies take into account factors such as:
Statistical analysis of historical patterns of use and retirements of each asset class;
Evaluation of any expected changes in current operations and the outlook for the continued use of the assets;
Evaluation of technological advances and changes to maintenance practices;
Historical and expected salvage to be received upon retirement;
Review of accounting policies and assumptions; and
Industry precedents and trends.
The depreciation studies may also indicate that the recorded amount of accumulated depreciation is deficient or in excess of the amount indicated by the study. Any such deficiency or excess is amortized as a component of depreciation expense over the remaining useful lives of the affected asset class, as determined by the study. The Company also monitors these factors in non-study years to determine if adjustments should be made to depreciation rates. The Company completed depreciation studies for KCSR in 2021 and KCSM in 2020. The impacts of the studies were immaterial to the consolidated financial results for all periods presented. The Company expects 2022 depreciation expense to increase by approximately $11.0 million as a result of the 2021 KCSR depreciation study completed in the fourth quarter of 2021.

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Also under the group method of depreciation, the cost of railroad property and equipment (net of salvage or sales proceeds) retired or replaced in the normal course of business is charged to accumulated depreciation with no gain or loss recognized. Actual historical costs are retired when available, such as with equipment costs. The use of estimates in recognizing the retirement of roadway assets is necessary as it is impractical to track individual, homogeneous network-type assets. Certain types of roadway assets are retired using statistical curves derived from the depreciation studies that indicate the relative distribution of the age of the assets retired. For other roadway assets, historical costs are estimated by deflating current costs using inflation indices and the estimated useful life of the assets as determined by the depreciation studies. The indices applied to the replacement value are selected because they closely correlate with the major costs of the items comprising the roadway assets. Because of the number of estimates inherent in the depreciation and retirement processes and because it is impossible to precisely estimate each of these variables until a group of assets is completely retired, the Company continually monitors the estimated useful lives of its assets and the accumulated depreciation associated with each asset group to ensure the depreciation rates are appropriate.
Estimation of the average useful lives of assets and net salvage values requires management judgment. Estimated average useful lives may vary over time due to changes in physical use, technology, asset strategies and other factors that could have an impact on the retirement experience of the asset classes. Accordingly, changes in the assets’ estimated useful lives could significantly impact future periods’ depreciation expense. Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $365.8 million. If the weighted average useful lives of assets were changed by one year, annual depreciation and amortization expense would change approximately $12.0 million.
Gains or losses on dispositions of land or non-group property and abnormal retirements of railroad property are recognized through income. A retirement of railroad property would be considered abnormal if the retirement meets each of the following conditions: (i) is unusual in nature, (ii) is significant in amount, and (iii) varies significantly from the retirement profile identified through the depreciation studies. There were no significant gains or losses from abnormal retirements of property or equipment for the year ended December 31, 2021. KCS recognized $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 from asset impairments of certain locomotives and railcars as a result of the implementation of PSR. Refer to Note 4, Restructuring Charges of the consolidated financial statements for more information. 
Costs incurred by the Company to acquire the Concession rights and related assets, as well as subsequent improvements to the Concession assets, are capitalized and amortized using the group method of depreciation over the lesser of the current expected Concession term, including probable renewal of an additional 50-year term, or the estimated useful lives of the assets and rights. The Company’s ongoing evaluation of the useful lives of Concession assets and rights considers the aggregation of the following facts and circumstances:
The Company’s executive management is dedicated to ensuring compliance with the various provisions of the Concession and to maintaining positive relationships with the SCT and other Mexican federal, state, and municipal governmental authorities;
During the time since the Concession was granted, the relationships between KCSM and the various Mexican governmental authorities have matured and the guidelines for operating under the Concession have become more defined with experience;
There are no known supportable sanctions or compliance issues that would cause the SCT to revoke the Concession or prevent KCSM from renewing the Concession; and
KCSM operations are an integral part of the KCS operations strategy, and related investment analyses and operational decisions assume that the Company’s cross border rail business operates into perpetuity, and do not assume that Mexico operations terminate at the end of the current Concession term.
Based on the above factors, as of December 31, 2021, the Company continues to believe that it is probable that the Concession will be renewed for an additional 50-year term beyond the current term.
Long-lived assets, including property, plant and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets and intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment and written down to fair value when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset or asset group may not be recoverable. If impairment indicators are present and the estimated future undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value of the long-lived assets, the carrying value would be reduced to the estimated fair value. Future cash flow estimates for an impairment review would be based on the lowest level of identifiable cash flows, which are the Company’s U.S. and Mexican operations. During the year ended December 31, 2020, $13.6 million

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of expense was recognized related to costs previously capitalized for the development of internal-use software. The development of the software was cancelled prior to completion and had no further use. Other than the abnormal impairment related to the implementation of PSR and the aforementioned software impairment, management did not identify any indicators of impairment for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Income Taxes
Deferred income taxes represent a net asset or liability of the Company. For financial reporting purposes, management determines the current tax liability, as well as deferred tax assets and liabilities, in accordance with the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. The provision for income taxes is the sum of income taxes both currently payable and deferred into the future. Currently payable income taxes represent the liability related to the Company’s U.S., state and foreign income tax returns for the current year and anticipated tax payments resulting from income tax audits, while the net deferred tax expense or benefit represents the change in the balance of net deferred tax assets or liabilities as reported on the balance sheet. The changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon the estimated timing of reversal of differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the basis of assets and liabilities for tax purposes as measured using the currently enacted tax rates that will be in effect at the time these differences are expected to reverse. Additionally, management estimates whether taxable operating income in future periods will be sufficient to fully recognize any deferred tax assets. Valuation allowances are recorded as appropriate to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount considered likely to be realized.
Income tax expense related to Mexican operations has additional complexities such as the impact of exchange rate variations, which can have a significant impact on the effective income tax rate.
Management believes that the assumptions and estimates related to the provision for income taxes are critical to the Company’s results of operations. For the year ended December 31, 2021, income tax expense totaled $211.1 million. For every 1% change in the 2021 effective rate, income tax expense would have changed by approximately $7.4 million. For further information on the impact of foreign exchange fluctuation on income taxes, refer to Item 7A, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk — Foreign Exchange Sensitivity.

OTHER MATTERS
Litigation. Occasionally, the Company is a party to various legal proceedings, regulatory examinations, investigations, administrative actions, and other legal matters, arising for the most part in the ordinary course of business, incidental to its operations. Included in these proceedings are various tort claims brought by current and former employees for job-related injuries and by third parties for injuries related to railroad operations. KCS aggressively defends these matters and has established liability provisions that management believes are adequate to cover expected costs. The outcome of litigation and other legal matters is always uncertain. KCS believes it has valid defenses to the legal matters currently pending against it, is defending itself vigorously, and has recorded accruals determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, where appropriate. In making a determination regarding accruals, using available information, KCS evaluates the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome in legal or regulatory proceedings to which it is a party to and records a loss contingency when it is probable a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These subjective determinations are based on the status of such legal or regulatory proceedings, the merits of KCS’s defenses and consultation with legal counsel. Actual outcomes of these legal and regulatory proceedings may materially differ from the current estimates. It is possible that resolution of one or more of the legal matters currently pending or threatened could result in losses material to KCS’s consolidated results of operations, liquidity or financial condition.
Although it is not possible to predict the outcome of any legal proceeding, in the opinion of the Company’s management, other than as described in Note 16, Commitments and Contingencies of the consolidated financial statements, such proceedings and actions should not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Inflation. U.S. GAAP require the use of historical cost, which does not reflect the effects of inflation on the replacement cost of property. Due to the capital intensive nature of KCS’s business, the replacement cost of these assets would be significantly higher than the amounts reported under the historical cost basis.


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Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
KCS is exposed to certain market risks including interest rate, commodity, and foreign exchange risks and utilizes various financial instruments that have certain inherent market risks. These instruments have been entered into for hedging rather than trading purposes. The following information, together with information included in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data — Note 10, Derivative Instruments, describe the key aspects of certain financial instruments that have market risk to KCS.
The analysis presented below for each of the Company's market risks uses a sensitivity model based on hypothetical changes (increases or decreases) to market risks using defined parameters and assumptions to quantify the potential impacts to the consolidated statements of income. The hypothetical changes to market risks do not represent KCS's view of future market changes. The effect of a change in a particular assumption was calculated without adjusting any other assumptions. These market risks and the potential impacts to the consolidated statements of income for the current year, have not materially fluctuated, individually or in the aggregate from the preceding year; thus only current year information is presented below.
Interest Rate Sensitivity. The Company is subject to interest rate risk associated with its debt. Changes in interest rates impact the fair value of outstanding fixed-rate debt, but there is no impact to current earnings or cash flow. Based upon the borrowing rates available to KCS and its subsidiaries for indebtedness with similar terms and average maturities, the fair value of long-term debt was approximately $4,311.1 million and $4,368.6 million at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, compared with a carrying value of $3,777.6 million and $3,770.8 million at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Changes in interest rates may impact the cost of future long-term debt issued by the Company, and as a result, represent interest rate risk to the Company. During 2020, the Company executed six 30-year treasury lock agreements with an aggregate notional value of $650.0 million and a weighted-average interest rate of 1.58%. The purpose of the treasury locks is to hedge the U.S. Treasury benchmark interest rate associated with future interest payments related to the anticipated refinancing of the $444.7 million principal amount of 3.00% senior notes due May 15, 2023 and the $200.0 million principal amount of 3.85% senior notes due November 15, 2023. The Company has designated the treasury locks as cash flow hedges, and for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, recognized an unrealized gain of $17.2 million and $28.1 million, respectively, net of tax, in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. A hypothetical 100 basis points change in the 30-year U.S. Treasury Rate would result in a change in unrealized gain or loss of approximately $154.0 million. Upon settlement in 2023, the unrealized gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income will be amortized to interest expense over the life of the future underlying debt issuances.
Alternatively, changes in interest rates do not affect the fair value of variable rate debt, but affect future earnings and cash flows. The Company's floating-rate indebtedness includes commercial paper borrowings, and any outstanding borrowings under revolving credit facilities. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, KCS had no commercial paper or revolving credit facility borrowings outstanding.
Commodity Price Sensitivity. KCS periodically participates in diesel fuel purchase commitments and derivative financial instruments. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, KCS did not have any outstanding fuel derivative financial instruments. The Company also holds fuel inventories for use in operations. These inventories are not material to KCS’s overall financial position. Fuel costs are expected to reflect market conditions in 2022; however, fuel costs are unpredictable and subject to a variety of factors outside the Company’s control. Assuming annual consumption of 125 million gallons, a hypothetical 10 cent change in the price per gallon of fuel would cause an $12.5 million change in operating expenses. KCS mitigates the impact of increased fuel costs through fuel surcharge revenues from customers; however, in a period of volatile fuel prices or changing customer business mix, changes in fuel expense and fuel surcharge revenue may differ.
Foreign Exchange Sensitivity. KCS’s foreign subsidiaries use the U.S. dollar as their functional currency; however, a portion of the foreign subsidiaries’ revenues and expenses is denominated in Mexican pesos. Based on the volume of revenue and expense transactions denominated in Mexican pesos, revenue and expense fluctuations have historically offset.
The Company has exposure to fluctuations in the value of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar due to its monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in Mexican pesos. Monetary assets and liabilities include cash, accounts receivable and payable and other items that will convert to cash in the future and are remeasured into dollars using the current exchange rate. The remeasurement and settlement of monetary assets and liabilities is recognized in the consolidated statements of income as foreign exchange gains and losses. At December 31, 2021, the Company had Ps.3,837.3 million of net monetary assets denominated in Mexican pesos, as monetary assets exceeded monetary liabilities.

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The following table presents the potential impacts to the consolidated statements of income that would result from a hypothetical change in the exchange rate of one Mexican peso per U.S. dollar at December 31, 2021:
Hypothetical Change in Exchange RateAmount of Gain (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Consolidated Statements of Income
Net monetary assets denominated in Mexican pesos at December 31, 2021:
Ps.3,837.3 millionFrom Ps.20.6 to Ps.21.6($8.6 million)Foreign exchange gain (loss)
Ps.3,837.3 millionFrom Ps.20.6 to Ps.19.6$9.5 millionForeign exchange gain (loss)
    
The Company’s Mexican subsidiaries have net U.S. dollar-denominated monetary liabilities which, for Mexican income tax purposes, are subject to periodic revaluation based on changes in the value of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. This revaluation creates fluctuations in the Company’s Mexican income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income and the amount of income taxes paid in Mexico. The Company also has net monetary assets denominated in Mexican pesos, that are subject to periodic re-measurement and settlement that creates fluctuations in foreign currency gains and losses in the consolidated statements of income.
The following table presents the potential impacts to the effective income tax rate and income tax expense that would result from a hypothetical change in the exchange rate of one Mexican peso at December 31, 2021:
Hypothetical Change in Exchange RateIncrease (Decrease) in Effective Income Tax RateAmount of Expense (Benefit)Affected Line Item in the Consolidated Statements of Income
From Ps.20.6 to Ps.21.6(1.0%)($7.5 million)Income tax expense (benefit)
From Ps.20.6 to Ps.19.61.2%$8.3 millionIncome tax expense (benefit)
The Company hedges its net exposure to variations in earnings by entering into foreign currency forward contracts. The foreign currency forward contracts involve the Company’s agreement to buy or sell pesos at an agreed-upon exchange rate on a future date. These derivative instruments have historically offset the effects of foreign currency changes resulting in minimal impact to net income.
At December 31, 2021, the Company had outstanding foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $270.0 million, which matured during January 2022 and obligated the Company to sell a total of Ps.5,583.3 million at a weighted-average rate of Ps.20.7 to each U.S. dollar. During January 2022, the Company entered into offsetting contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $271.7 million, which matured during January 2022 and obligated the Company to purchase a total of Ps.5,583.3 million at a weighted-average exchange rate of Ps.20.6 to each U.S. dollar, resulting in cash paid of $1.7 million. Given the settlement during January 2022, the Company believes there was minimal market risk associated with these contracts at December 31, 2021.
During January 2022, the Company entered into several foreign currency forward contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $110.0 million, maturing in January of 2023. These contracts obligated the Company to sell a total of Ps.2,426.2 million at a weighted-average exchange rate of Ps.22.1 to each U.S. dollar. During January 2022, as a result of a change in the Company’s currency exposure, the Company entered into offsetting contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $50.5 million, which were settled during January 2022 and obligated the Company to purchase a total of Ps.1,105.3 million at a weighted-average exchange rate of Ps.21.9 to each U.S. dollar, resulting in cash paid of $0.5 million. As of the date of this filing, there were $60.0 million aggregate notional amount of contracts outstanding, which obligate the Company to sell a total of Ps.1,320.9 million at a weighted-average exchange rate of Ps.22.0 to each U.S. dollar.

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The following table presents the potential impacts to the consolidated statements of income that would result from a hypothetical change in the exchange rate of one Mexican peso at maturity date for the foreign currency forward contracts entered into during January 2022 and outstanding as of the date of this filing:
Aggregate notional amount:Hypothetical Change in Exchange RateAmount of Gain (Loss)Affected Line Item in the Consolidated Statements of Income
$60.0 millionFrom Ps.22.0 to Ps.23.0$2.6 millionForeign exchange gain (loss)
$60.0 millionFrom Ps.22.0 to Ps.21.0($2.9 million)Foreign exchange gain (loss)
The Company has not designated these foreign currency derivative instruments as hedging instruments for accounting purposes. The foreign currency derivative instruments will be measured at fair value each period and any change in fair value will be recognized in foreign exchange gain (loss) within the consolidated statements of income.

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Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
 Page
Financial Statement Schedules:

All schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, are insignificant, or the required information is shown in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.


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Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The management of Kansas City Southern is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. KCS’s internal control over financial reporting was designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect material misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on the framework established by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) (commonly referred to as the COSO Framework). Based on its evaluation, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2021, based on the criteria outlined in the COSO Framework.
The effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report, which immediately follows this report.


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Kansas City Southern

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Kansas City Southern and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2021, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2021 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.

Basis for Opinions

The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.



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Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Direct Costs that are Capitalized to Self-Constructed Property and Equipment (including Concession Assets)

As described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company capitalizes costs for self-constructed additions and improvements to property, including direct labor and material, indirect costs, and interest during long-term construction projects. Expenditures that significantly increase asset values, productive capacity, efficiency, safety, or extend useful lives are capitalized. As disclosed by management, direct costs are charged to capital projects based on the work performed and the material used. Management has a process in place to determine which costs qualify for capitalization, which requires judgment. For the year-ended December 31, 2021, the Company capitalized costs of $489.4 million.

The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to direct costs that are capitalized to self-constructed property and equipment (including concession assets) is a critical audit matter are (i) the significance of direct costs and complexities in self-constructed property and equipment (including concession assets); (ii) the significant judgment by management in determining whether direct costs qualify for capitalization; and (iii) a high degree of auditor judgment, subjectivity, and effort in performing procedures and evaluating evidence related to the capitalization of direct costs.

Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included testing the effectiveness of controls relating to the capitalization of direct costs to self-constructed property and equipment (including concession assets). These procedures also included, among others, selecting a sample of direct costs and (i) obtaining evidence to support the accuracy of capitalized additions to self-constructed properties based on the work performed and the material used and (ii) evaluating whether these costs qualify for capitalization.



/s/PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Kansas City, Missouri
February 1, 2022

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.

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Kansas City Southern and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
Years Ended December 31,
202120202019
(In millions, except share
and per share amounts)
Revenues$2,947.3 $2,632.6 $2,866.0 
Operating expenses:
Compensation and benefits522.0 476.5 529.1 
Purchased services211.8 198.1 219.2 
Fuel313.6 219.8 340.4 
Equipment costs82.2 85.8 108.6 
Depreciation and amortization365.8 357.9 350.7 
Materials and other304.1 260.9 262.9 
Merger costs, net264.0   
Write-off of software development costs 13.6  
Restructuring charges 17.0 168.8 
Total operating expenses2,063.5 1,629.6 1,979.7 
Operating income883.8 1,003.0 886.3 
Equity in net earnings (losses) of affiliates16.7 (1.4)1.0 
Interest expense(156.0)(150.9)(115.9)
Debt retirement costs  (1.1)
Foreign exchange gain (loss)(9.0)(29.6)17.1 
Other income, net2.6 2.1 1.0 
Income before income taxes