10-Q 1 ip-9302018xform10xq.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018
 
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From              to             
 _________________________________________
Commission File Number 1-3157
INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
New York
13-0872805
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation of organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
6400 Poplar Avenue, Memphis, TN
38197
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (901) 419-7000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (paragraph 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13 (a) of the Exchange
Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $1.00 per share, as of October 26, 2018 was 405,028,470.



INDEX
 
 
 
PAGE NO.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations - Three Months and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income - Three Months and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet - September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows - Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
(Unaudited)
(In millions, except per share amounts) 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Sales
$
5,901

 
$
5,517

 
$
17,355

 
$
16,032

Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
3,887

 
3,713

 
11,757

 
11,100

Selling and administrative expenses
405

 
401

 
1,277

 
1,187

Depreciation, amortization and cost of timber harvested
335

 
350

 
990

 
1,004

Distribution expenses
397

 
354

 
1,166

 
1,061

Taxes other than payroll and income taxes
44

 
41

 
130

 
124

Restructuring and other charges

 

 
48

 
(16
)
Net (gains) losses on sales and impairments of businesses
122

 

 
122

 
9

Litigation settlement

 

 

 
354

Net bargain purchase gain on acquisition of business

 

 

 
(6
)
Interest expense, net
133

 
152

 
401

 
431

Non-operating pension expense
25

 
49

 
65

 
133

Earnings (Loss) From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings
553

 
457

 
1,399


651

Income tax provision (benefit)
83

 
136

 
302

 
122

Equity earnings (loss), net of taxes
92

 
45

 
257

 
113

Earnings (Loss) From Continuing Operations
562

 
366

 
1,354

 
642

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
29

 
345

 
42

Net Earnings (Loss)
562

 
395

 
1,699

 
684

Less: Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 
3

 

Net Earnings (Loss) Attributable to International Paper Company
$
562

 
$
395

 
$
1,696

 
$
684

Basic Earnings (Loss) Per Share Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
1.38

 
$
0.89

 
$
3.28

 
$
1.55

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
0.07

 
0.84

 
0.10

Net earnings (loss)
$
1.38

 
$
0.96

 
$
4.12

 
$
1.65

Diluted Earnings (Loss) Per Share Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
1.37

 
$
0.88

 
$
3.25

 
$
1.54

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
0.07

 
0.83

 
$
0.10

Net earnings (loss)
$
1.37

 
$
0.95

 
$
4.08

 
$
1.64

Average Shares of Common Stock Outstanding – assuming dilution
411.4

 
417.4

 
416.3

 
417.4

Cash Dividends Per Common Share
$
0.4750

 
$
0.4625

 
$
1.4250

 
$
1.3875

Amounts Attributable to International Paper Company Common Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
$
562

 
$
366

 
$
1,351

 
$
642

Discontinued operations, net of taxes

 
29

 
345

 
42

Net earnings (loss)
$
562

 
$
395

 
$
1,696

 
$
684

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

1


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Earnings (Loss)
$
562

 
$
395

 
$
1,699

 
$
684

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of pension and post-retirement prior service costs and net loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. plans
76

 
59

 
227

 
176

Pension and postretirement liability adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-U.S. plans

 

 

 
1

Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment
(87
)
 
100

 
(467
)
 
234

Net gains/losses on cash flow hedging derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gains (losses) arising during the period
1

 
1

 
(20
)
 
9

Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net earnings (loss)
2

 
(2
)
 
2

 
(6
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
(8
)
 
158

 
(258
)
 
414

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
554

 
553

 
1,441

 
1,098

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 
(3
)
 

Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
2

 
1

 
4

 
(1
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to International Paper Company
$
556

 
$
554

 
$
1,442

 
$
1,097

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

2


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
(In millions)
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and temporary investments
$
1,026

 
$
1,018

Accounts and notes receivable, net
3,580

 
3,287

Contract assets
383

 

Inventories
2,130

 
2,313

Assets held for sale

 
1,377

Other current assets
199

 
282

Total Current Assets
7,318

 
8,277

Plants, Properties and Equipment, net
13,088

 
13,265

Forestlands
388

 
448

Investments
1,615

 
390

Financial Assets of Special Purpose Entities (Note 15)
7,065

 
7,051

Goodwill
3,371

 
3,411

Deferred Charges and Other Assets
958

 
1,061

Total Assets
$
33,803

 
$
33,903

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt
$
555

 
$
311

Accounts payable
2,510

 
2,458

Accrued payroll and benefits
484

 
485

Liabilities held for sale

 
805

Other accrued liabilities
1,054

 
1,043

Total Current Liabilities
4,603

 
5,102

Long-Term Debt
10,700

 
10,846

Nonrecourse Financial Liabilities of Special Purpose Entities (Note 15)
6,296

 
6,291

Deferred Income Taxes
2,512

 
2,291

Pension Benefit Obligation
1,785

 
1,939

Postretirement and Postemployment Benefit Obligation
305

 
326

Other Liabilities
544

 
567

Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, $1 par value, 2018 – 448.9 shares and 2017 – 448.9 shares
449

 
449

Paid-in capital
6,256

 
6,206

Retained earnings
7,353

 
6,180

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,887
)
 
(4,633
)
 
9,171

 
8,202

Less: Common stock held in treasury, at cost, 2018 – 43.9 shares and 2017 – 36.0 shares
2,131

 
1,680

Total International Paper Shareholders’ Equity
7,040

 
6,522

Noncontrolling interests
18

 
19

Total Equity
7,058

 
6,541

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
33,803

 
$
33,903

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

3


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
1,699

 
$
684

Depreciation, amortization and cost of timber harvested
990

 
1,075

Deferred income tax provision (benefit), net
163

 
295

Restructuring and other charges
48

 
(16
)
Pension plan contributions

 
(1,250
)
Net gain on transfer of North American Consumer Packaging business
(488
)
 

Net bargain purchase gain on acquisition of business

 
(6
)
Net (gains) losses on sales and impairments of businesses
122

 
9

Equity method dividends received
130

 
129

Equity (earnings) loss, net
(257
)
 
(113
)
Periodic pension expense, net
172

 
237

Other, net
75

 
92

Changes in current assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable
(441
)
 
(293
)
Contract assets
(20
)
 

Inventories
(120
)
 
(70
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
301

 
5

Interest payable
(33
)
 
(11
)
Other
64

 
(198
)
Cash Provided By (Used For) Operations
2,405

 
569

Investment Activities
 
 
 
Invested in capital projects
(1,286
)
 
(935
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(45
)
Net settlement on transfer of North American Consumer Packaging business
(40
)
 

Proceeds from divestitures, net of cash divested

 
4

Proceeds from sale of fixed assets
12

 
22

Other
4

 
(54
)
Cash Provided By (Used For) Investment Activities
(1,310
)
 
(1,008
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Repurchases of common stock and payments of restricted stock tax withholding
(532
)
 
(46
)
Issuance of debt
349

 
1,366

Reduction of debt
(242
)
 
(369
)
Change in book overdrafts
(33
)
 
5

Dividends paid
(588
)
 
(573
)
Debt tender premiums paid

 
(1
)
Other

 
(2
)
Cash Provided By (Used For) Financing Activities
(1,046
)
 
380

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
(41
)
 
24

Change in Cash and Temporary Investments
8

 
(35
)
Cash and Temporary Investments
 
 
 
Beginning of period
1,018

 
1,033

End of period
$
1,026

 
$
998


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

4


INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments that are necessary for the fair presentation of International Paper Company’s (International Paper’s, the Company’s or our) financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Except as disclosed herein, such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. Results for the first nine months of the year may not necessarily be indicative of full year results. It is suggested that these condensed financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, which have previously been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.


Intangibles

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract." The guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal use software license). The accounting for the service element of a hosting arrangement that is a service contract is not affected by the amendments in this guidance. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment." This guidance eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill under Step 2 of today's goodwill impairment test to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. This guidance should be applied prospectively and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, for any impairment test performed in 2020. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance; however, we do not anticipate adoption having a material impact on the financial statements.

Fair Value Measurement

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement." The new guidance modifies disclosure requirements related to fair value measurement. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those years. Implementation on a prospective or retrospective basis varies by specific disclosure requirement. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance.

Comprehensive Income

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, "Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income." This guidance gives entities the option to reclassify stranded tax effects caused by the newly-enacted U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance.

Derivatives and Hedging

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities." The objective of this new guidance is the improvement of the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements. In addition to that main objective, the amendments in this guidance make certain targeted improvements to simplify the

5


application of the hedge accounting guidance in current GAAP. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company early adopted the provisions of this guidance on January 1, 2018, with no material impact on the financial statements.

Retirement Benefits

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, "Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General (Topic 715-20): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans." This guidance adds, removes, and clarifies disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. This guidance should be applied on a retrospective basis to all periods presented. The Company is currently evaluating the provisions of this guidance.

The Company adopted the provision of ASU 2017-07, "Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost," on January 1, 2018. Under this new guidance, employers present the service costs component of the net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line
items as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. In addition, only the service cost component is eligible for capitalization in assets. Employers present the other components separately from the line items that includes the service cost and outside of any subtotal of operating income. In addition, disclosure of the lines used to present the other components of net periodic benefit cost are required if the components are not presented separately in the income statement. The following table details the impact of the retrospective adoption of this standard on the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, reported in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations. The retrospective adoption had no impact on Net earnings (loss).
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
In millions
 
Previously Reported
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
 
As Revised
Cost of products sold
 
$
3,756

 
$
(43
)
 
$
3,713

Selling and administrative expenses
 
407

 
(6
)
 
401

Non-operating pension expense
 

 
49

 
49

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
In millions
 
Previously Reported
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
 
As Revised
Cost of products sold
 
$
11,214

 
$
(114
)
 
$
11,100

Selling and administrative expenses
 
1,206

 
(19
)
 
1,187

Non-operating pension expense
 

 
133

 
133


Business Combinations

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, "Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business." Under the new guidance, an entity must first determine whether substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. If this threshold is met, the set of transferred assets and activities is not a business. If this threshold is not met, the entity then evaluates whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. This guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance on January 1, 2018, with no material impact on the financial statements.

Income Taxes

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory." This ASU requires companies to recognize the income tax effects of intercompany sales and transfers of assets other than inventory in the period in which the transfer occurs rather than defer the income tax effects which is current practice. This new guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within

6


those years. The guidance requires companies to apply a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative catch-up adjustment to opening retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance on January 1, 2018, with no material impact on the financial statements.

Stock Compensation

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, "Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting." This guidance clarifies when changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as modifications. Under this guidance, entities will apply the modification accounting guidance if the value, vesting conditions or classification of the award changes. This guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance on January 1, 2018, with no material impact on the financial statements.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases Topic (842): Leases." This ASU will require most leases to be recognized on the balance sheet which will increase reported assets and liabilities. Lessor accounting will remain substantially similar to current U.S. GAAP. This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years, and mandates a modified retrospective transition method for all entities. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, "Leases Topic (842): Targeted Improvements." This ASU provides companies an option to apply the transition provisions of the new lease standard at its adoption date instead of at the earliest comparative period presented in its financial statements. The Company expects to adopt the new lease guidance using the newly approved transition method. We expect to recognize a liability and corresponding asset associated with in-scope operating and finance leases but are still in the process of determining those amounts and the processes required to account for leasing activity on an ongoing basis.

The Company has formed a global implementation team, including representatives from accounting, tax, legal, global sourcing, information technology, policies and controls and operations. Surveys were developed and utilized to gather initial information regarding existing leases and the various processes that currently exist to procure, track and account for leases globally. The implementation team has selected and begun working with a third-party vendor to implement a lease accounting solution to deliver the accounting and disclosures required under the new lease accounting guidance. Initial data loads are substantially complete and preliminary testing in the system is underway.

Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the new revenue recognition standard ASC 606, "Revenue from Contracts With Customers," (new revenue standard) and all related amendments, using the modified retrospective method. We recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of Retained earnings. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

The Company recorded a net increase to opening Retained earnings of $73 million as of January 1, 2018, due to the cumulative impact of adopting the new revenue standard, with the impact primarily related to our customized products. The impacts of the adoption of the new revenue standard on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements were as follows:

7


Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
In millions, except per share amounts
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
Net sales
 
$
5,901

 
$
5,898

 
$
3

Cost of products sold
 
3,887

 
3,885

 
2

Distribution expenses
 
397

 
396

 
1

Income tax provision (benefit), net
 
83

 
83

 

Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
562

 
562

 

Net earnings (loss)
 
562

 
562

 

Earnings per share attributable to International Paper Company Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
1.38

 
$
1.38

 
$

Diluted
 
1.37

 
1.37

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
In millions, except per share amounts
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
Net sales
 
$
17,355

 
$
17,335

 
$
20

Cost of products sold
 
11,757

 
11,748

 
9

Distribution expenses
 
1,166

 
1,163

 
3

Income tax provision (benefit), net
 
302

 
300

 
2

Earnings (loss) from continuing operations
 
1,354

 
1,348

 
6

Net earnings (loss)
 
1,699

 
1,693

 
6

Earnings per share attributable to International Paper Company Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
4.12

 
$
4.10

 
$
0.02

Diluted
 
4.08

 
4.06

 
0.02

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
 
September 30, 2018
In millions, except per share amounts
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
Contract assets
 
$
383

 
$

 
$
383

Inventories
 
2,130

 
2,389

 
(259
)
Other current assets
 
199

 
213

 
(14
)
Other accrued liabilities
 
1,054

 
1,035

 
19

Deferred income taxes
 
2,512

 
2,500

 
12

Retained earnings
 
7,353

 
7,274

 
79

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
In millions, except per share amounts
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
Impact of Adoption Increase/(Decrease)
Net earnings (loss)
 
$
1,699

 
$
1,693

 
$
6

Deferred income tax provision (benefit), net
 
163

 
175

 
(12
)
Contract assets
 
(20
)
 

 
(20
)
Inventories
 
(120
)
 
(128
)
 
8

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
301

 
298

 
3

Other
 
64

 
49

 
15


Historically, the Company has recognized all of its revenue on a point-in-time basis across its businesses. The trigger for International Paper's point-in-time recognition is when the customer takes title to the goods and assumes the risks and rewards

8


for the goods. As such, the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company's revenue recognition for point-in-time goods. However, across the majority of our businesses, there are certain goods designed to customers' unique specifications, including customer logos and labels (customized goods). Due to the manually intensive process and significant costs that would be required to rework these products, and in many cases contractual restrictions, the Company has determined that these products do not have an alternative future use under ASC 606.

The majority of the customized goods discussed above are covered by non-cancelable purchase orders or customer agreements and the Company has determined that in most cases, it does have an enforceable right to payment for these goods. As such, the Company's adoption of ASC 606 resulted in the acceleration of revenue for customized products without an alternative future use and where the Company has a legally enforceable right to payment for production of products completed to date. The Company now records a contract asset for revenue recognized on our customized products prior to having an unconditional right to payment from the customer, which generally does not occur until title and risk of loss for the products passes to the customer.


Disaggregated Revenue

A geographic disaggregation of revenues across our company segmentation in the following tables provide information to assist in evaluating the nature, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows and how they may be impacted by economic factors.
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
In millions
 
Industrial Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing Papers
 
Corporate and Inter-segment Sales
 
Total
Primary Geographical Markets (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
3,394

 
$
602

 
$
482

 
$
52

 
$
4,530

EMEA
 
396

 
77

 
328

 
(4
)
 
797

Pacific Rim and Asia
 
40

 
35

 
62

 
6

 
143

Americas, other than U.S.
 
204

 

 
230

 
(3
)
 
431

Total
 
$
4,034

 
$
714

 
$
1,102

 
$
51

 
$
5,901

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Segments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Industrial Packaging
 
$
3,653

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,653

EMEA Industrial Packaging
 
311

 

 

 

 
311

Brazilian Industrial Packaging
 
57

 

 

 

 
57

European Coated Paperboard
 
87

 

 

 

 
87

Global Cellulose Fibers
 

 
714

 

 

 
714

North American Printing Papers
 

 

 
492

 

 
492

Brazilian Papers
 

 

 
255

 

 
255

European Papers
 

 

 
311

 

 
311

Indian Papers
 

 

 
47

 

 
47

Intra-segment Eliminations
 
(74
)
 

 
(3
)
 

 
(77
)
Corporate & Inter-segment Sales
 

 

 

 
51

 
51

Total
 
$
4,034

 
$
714

 
$
1,102

 
$
51

 
$
5,901


(a) Net sales are attributed to countries based on the location of the seller.


9


 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
In millions
 
Industrial Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing Papers
 
Corporate & Intersegment
 
Total
Primary Geographical Markets (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
9,832

 
$
1,720

 
$
1,399

 
$
163

 
$
13,114

EMEA
 
1,275

 
222

 
988

 
(13
)
 
2,472

Pacific Rim and Asia
 
110

 
140

 
185

 
35

 
470

Americas, other than U.S.
 
666

 
1

 
643

 
(11
)
 
1,299

Total
 
$
11,883

 
$
2,083

 
$
3,215

 
$
174

 
$
17,355

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Segments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North American Industrial Packaging
 
$
10,604

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
10,604

EMEA Industrial Packaging
 
1,017

 

 

 

 
1,017

Brazilian Industrial Packaging
 
175

 

 

 

 
175

European Coated Paperboard
 
265

 

 

 

 
265

Global Cellulose Fibers
 

 
2,083

 

 

 
2,083

North American Printing Papers
 

 

 
1,443

 

 
1,443

Brazilian Papers
 

 

 
706

 

 
706

European Papers
 

 

 
932

 

 
932

Indian Papers
 

 

 
150

 

 
150

Intra-segment Eliminations
 
(178
)
 

 
(16
)
 

 
(194
)
Corporate & Inter-segment Sales
 

 

 

 
174

 
174

Total
 
$
11,883

 
$
2,083

 
$
3,215

 
$
174

 
$
17,355


(a) Net sales are attributed to countries based on the location of the seller.

The nature of the Company's contracts can vary based on the business, customer type and region; however, in all instances it is International Paper's customary business practice to receive a valid order from the customer, in which each parties' rights and related payment terms are clearly identifiable.

Revenue Contract Balances

The opening and closing balances of the Company's contract assets and current contract liabilities are as follows:
In millions
 
Contract Assets (Short-Term)
 
Contract Liabilities (Short-Term)
Beginning Balance - January 1, 2018
 
$
366

 
$
53

Ending Balance - September 30, 2018
 
383

 
25

Increase / (Decrease)
 
$
17

 
$
(28
)

A contract asset is created when the Company recognizes revenue on its customized products prior to having an unconditional right to payment from the customer, which generally does not occur until title and risk of loss passes to the customer.
A contract liability is created when customers prepay for goods prior to the Company transferring those goods to the customer. The contract liability is reduced once control of the goods is transferred to the customer. The majority of our customer prepayments are received during the fourth quarter each year for goods that will be transferred to customers over the following twelve months.

The difference between the opening and closing balances of the Company's contract assets and contract liabilities primarily results from the timing difference between the Company's performance and the point at which we have an unconditional right to payment or receive pre-payment from the customer, respectively.



10


Performance Obligations and Significant Judgments

International Paper's principal business is to manufacture and sell fiber-based packaging, pulp and paper goods. As a general rule, none of our businesses provide equipment installation or other ancillary services outside producing and shipping packaging, pulp and paper goods to customers.

The Company's revenue is primarily derived from fixed consideration; however, we do have contract terms that give rise to variable consideration, primarily cash discounts and volume rebates. International Paper offers early payment discounts to customers across the Company's businesses. The Company estimates the expected cash discounts and other customer refunds based on the historical experience across the Company's portfolio of customers to record reductions in revenue which is consistent with the most likely amount method outlined in ASC 606. Management has concluded that this method is the best estimate of the consideration the Company will be entitled to from its customers.

Contracts or purchase orders with customers could include a single type of product or it could include multiple types/grades of products. Regardless, the contracted price with the customer is agreed to at the individual product level outlined in the customer contracts or purchase orders. The Company does not bundle prices; however, we do negotiate with customers on pricing and rebates for the same products based on a variety of factors (e.g. level of contractual volume, geographical location, etc.). Management has concluded that the prices negotiated with each individual customer are representative of the stand-alone selling price of the product.

Generally, the Company recognizes revenue on a point in time basis when the customer takes title to the goods and assumes the risks and rewards for the goods. For customized goods where the Company has a legally enforceable right to payment for the goods, the Company recognizes revenue over time which in this case, is generally as the goods are produced.

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

As part of our adoption of the new revenue standard, the Company has elected to present all sales taxes on a net basis, account for shipping and handling activities as fulfillment activities, recognize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset the Company would recognize is one year or less and not record interest income or interest expense when the difference in timing of control transfer and customer payment is one year or less. The election of these practical expedients results in accounting treatments consistent with our historical accounting policies and therefore, these elections and expedients do not have a material impact on comparability of our financial statements.


A summary of the changes in equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is provided below:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
In millions, except per share amounts
Total
International
Paper
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
 
Total
International
Paper
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
Balance, January 1
$
6,522

 
$
19

 
$
6,541

 
$
4,341

 
$
18

 
$
4,359

Adoption of ASC 606 revenue from contracts with customers
73

 

 
73

 

 

 

Issuance of stock for various plans, net
112

 

 
112

 
130

 

 
130

Repurchase of stock
(532
)
 

 
(532
)
 
(46
)
 

 
(46
)
Common stock dividends ($1.4250 per share in 2018 and $1.3875 per share in 2017)
(596
)
 

 
(596
)
 
(584
)
 

 
(584
)
Transactions of equity method investees
19

 

 
19

 
(24
)
 

 
(24
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
1,442

 
(1
)
 
1,441

 
1,097

 
1

 
1,098

Ending Balance, September 30
$
7,040

 
$
18

 
$
7,058

 
$
4,914

 
$
19

 
$
4,933






11



The following table presents changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
(2,376
)
 
$
(2,954
)
 
$
(2,527
)
 
$
(3,072
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 

 

 

 
1

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
76

 
59

 
227

 
176

Balance at end of period
 
(2,300
)
 
(2,895
)
 
(2,300
)
 
(2,895
)
Change in Cumulative Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
(2,489
)
 
(2,155
)
 
(2,111
)
 
(2,287
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(87
)
 
101

 
(469
)
 
235

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 

 
(1
)
 
2

 
(1
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
2

 
1

 
4

 
(1
)
Balance at end of period
 
(2,574
)
 
(2,054
)
 
(2,574
)
 
(2,054
)
Net Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedging Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
 
(16
)
 
1

 
5

 
(3
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
1

 
1

 
(20
)
 
9

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
2

 
(2
)
 
2

 
(6
)
Balance at end of period
 
(13
)
 

 
(13
)
 

Total Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) at End of Period
 
$
(4,887
)
 
$
(4,949
)
 
$
(4,887
)
 
$
(4,949
)

The following table presents details of the reclassifications out of AOCI for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
In millions:
 
Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Location of Amount Reclassified from AOCI
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
Defined benefit pension and postretirement items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior-service costs
 
$
(4
)
 
$
(6
)
 
(11
)
 
(19
)
 
(a)
Non-operating pension expense
Actuarial gains (losses)
 
(97
)
 
(89
)
 
(291
)
 
(266
)
 
(a)
Non-operating pension expense
Total pre-tax amount
 
(101
)
 
(95
)
 
(302
)
 
(285
)
 
 
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
25

 
36

 
75

 
109

 
 
 
Net of tax
 
(76
)
 
(59
)
 
(227
)
 
(176
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business acquisitions/divestitures
 

 
1

 
(2
)
 
1

 
(b)
Discontinued operations, net of taxes
   Tax (expense) benefit
 

 

 

 

 
 
 
Net of tax
 

 
1

 
(2
)
 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gains and losses on cash flow hedging derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
(3
)
 
3

 
(3
)
 
8

 
(c)
Cost of products sold
Total pre-tax amount
 
(3
)
 
3

 
(3
)
 
8

 
 
 
Tax (expense)/benefit
 
1

 
(1
)
 
1

 
(2
)
 
 
 
Net of tax
 
(2
)
 
2

 
(2
)
 
6

 
 
 
Total reclassifications for the period
 
$
(78
)
 
$
(56
)
 
$
(231
)
 
$
(169
)
 
 
 

12



(a)
These accumulated other comprehensive income components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost (see Note 18 for additional details).
(b)
Amounts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 were reclassed to Net (gains) losses on sales and impairment of businesses.
(c)
This accumulated other comprehensive income component is included in our derivatives and hedging activities (see Note 17 for additional details).

Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share are computed assuming that all potentially dilutive securities were converted into common shares. There are no adjustments required to be made to net income for purposes of computing basic and diluted earnings per share. A reconciliation of the amounts included in the computation of basic earnings (loss) per share, and diluted earnings (loss) per share is as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions, except per share amounts
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations attributable to International Paper Company common shareholders
$
562

 
$
366

 
$
1,351

 
$
642

Weighted average common shares outstanding
407.4

 
412.9

 
411.4

 
412.6

Effect of dilutive securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted stock performance share plan
4.0

 
4.5

 
4.9

 
4.8

Weighted average common shares outstanding – assuming dilution
411.4

 
417.4

 
416.3

 
417.4

Basic earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations
$
1.38

 
$
0.89

 
$
3.28

 
$
1.55

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations
$
1.37

 
$
0.88

 
$
3.25

 
$
1.54


2018: There were no restructuring charges recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2018.

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded a $26 million pre-tax charge, in the Industrial Packaging segment, related to approximately $12 million of severance, $6 million in accelerated depreciation, $2 million in accelerated amortization and $6 million in other charges in conjunction with the optimization of our EMEA Packaging business.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded a $22 million pre-tax charge, in the Industrial Packaging segment, primarily related to the severance charges in conjunction with the optimization of our EMEA Packaging business.

The majority of the severance charges recorded year to date are expected to be paid over the remainder of the year.

2017: There were no restructuring charges recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2017.

During the three months ended June 30, 2017, restructuring and other charges totaling a $16 million benefit before taxes were recorded. This benefit included a $14 million gain on the sale of the Company's investment in ArborGen and $2 million of other benefits.

There were no restructuring and other charges recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2017.

Tangier, Morocco Facility

On June 30, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of Europac's Tangier, Morocco facility, a corrugated packaging facility, for €40 million (approximately $46 million using the June 30, 2017 exchange rate). After working capital and other post-closing adjustments, final consideration exchanged was €33 million (approximately $38 million using the June 30, 2017 exchange rate).





13


The following table summarizes the final fair value assigned to assets and liabilities acquired as of June 30, 2017:
In millions
June 30, 2017
Cash and temporary investments
$
1

Accounts and notes receivable
7

Inventory
3

Plants, properties and equipment
31

Goodwill
4

Other intangible assets
5

Deferred charges and other assets
4

Total assets acquired
55

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
4

Long-term debt
11

Other long-term liabilities
2

Total liabilities assumed
17

Net assets acquired
$
38


Pro forma information related to the acquisition of the Europac business has not been included as it is impractical to obtain the information due to the lack of availability of U.S. GAAP financial data and does not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.

The Company has accounted for the above acquisition under ASC 805, "Business Combinations" and the results of operations have been included in International Paper's financial statements beginning with the date of acquisition.


Discontinued Operations

On January 1, 2018, the Company completed the transfer of its North American Consumer Packaging business, which included its North American Coated Paperboard and Foodservice businesses, to a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company in exchange for a 20.5% ownership interest in a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company that holds the assets of the combined business. International Paper is accounting for its ownership interest in the combined business under the equity method. The Company determined the fair value of its investment in the combined business and recorded a pre-tax gain of $516 million ($385 million, net of tax) on the transfer in the first quarter of 2018, subject to final working capital settlement. During the second quarter of 2018, the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $28 million ($21 million after tax) to adjust the previously recorded gain on the transfer. See Note 11 for further discussion on the Company's investment in a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company.


14


All historical operating results for North American Consumer Packaging are included in Discontinued operations, net of tax in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. The following summarizes the major classes of line items comprising Earnings (Loss) Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings reconciled to Discontinued operations, net of tax, related to the transfer of the North American Consumer Packaging business for all periods presented in the consolidated statement of operations:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Sales
$

 
$
397

 
$

 
$
1,165

Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold

 
268

 

 
855

Selling and administrative expenses

 
24

 
25

 
69

Depreciation, amortization and cost of timber harvested

 
24

 

 
72

Distribution expenses

 
32

 

 
94

Taxes other than payroll and income taxes

 
3

 

 
8

(Gain) loss on transfer of business

 

 
(488
)
 

Earnings (Loss) Before Income Taxes and Equity Earnings

 
46

 
463

 
67

Income tax provision (benefit)

 
17

 
118

 
25

Discontinued Operations, Net of Taxes
$

 
$
29

 
$
345

 
$
42


Total cash provided by (used for) operations related to the North American Consumer Packaging business of $(25) million and $137 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017 is included in Cash Provided By (Used For) Operations in the consolidated statement of cash flows. Total cash provided by (used for) investing activities related to the North American Consumer Packaging business of $(40) million and $(77) million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, is included in Cash Provided By (Used For) Investing Activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows.

Impairments

During the third quarter of 2018, a determination was made that the current carrying value of the long-lived assets of the Brazil Packaging business exceeded their estimated fair value due to a change in the outlook for the business. Management engaged a third party to assist with determining the fair value of the business and the fixed assets. The fair value of the business was calculated using a probability-weighted approach based on discounted future cash flows, market multiples, and transaction multiples and the fair value of the fixed assets was determined using a market approach. As a result, a pre-tax charge of $122 million ($81 million, net of tax) was recorded related to the impairment of an intangible asset and fixed assets. This charge is included in Net (gains) losses on sales and impairments of businesses in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations and is included in the results for the Industrial Packaging segment. On October 25, 2018, the Company announced that it was exploring strategic options for its Brazil Packaging business.


Temporary Investments 

Temporary investments with an original maturity of three months or less are treated as cash equivalents and are stated at cost. Temporary investments totaled $628 million and $661 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
     
Accounts and Notes Receivable
In millions
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Accounts and notes receivable, net:
 
 
 
Trade
$
3,333

 
$
3,017

Other
247

 
270

Total
$
3,580

 
$
3,287



15


The allowance for doubtful accounts was $81 million and $73 million at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Inventories 
In millions
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Raw materials
$
287

 
$
274

Finished pulp, paper and packaging
1,109

 
1,337

Operating supplies
609

 
615

Other
125

 
87

Total
$
2,130

 
$
2,313


Depreciation 

Accumulated depreciation was $21.0 billion and $20.5 billion at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Depreciation expense was $315 million and $317 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $930 million and $926 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Interest

Interest payments made during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were $606 million and $600 million, respectively.

Amounts related to interest were as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Interest expense
$
184

 
$
198

 
$
547

 
$
571

Interest income
51

 
46

 
146

 
140

Capitalized interest costs
9

 
6

 
26

 
18


Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company had recorded liabilities of $86 million related to asset retirement obligations at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

The Company accounts for the following investments in affiliated companies under the equity method of accounting.

Graphic Packaging International, LLC

On January 1, 2018, the Company completed the transfer of its North American Consumer Packaging business, which includes its North American Coated Paperboard and Foodservice businesses, to a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging International Partners, LLC (GPIP), a subsidiary of Graphic Packaging Holding Company, in exchange for a 20.5% ownership interest in GPIP. GPIP subsequently transferred the North American Consumer Packaging business to Graphic Packaging International, LLC (GPI), a wholly-owned subsidiary of GPIP that holds the assets of the combined business. The Company recorded equity earnings of $19 million and $36 million for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The Company received cash dividends from GPIP of $12 million during the first nine months of 2018. At September 30, 2018, the Company's investment in GPI was $1.1 billion, which was $519 million more than the Company's proportionate share of the entity's underlying net assets. The difference primarily relates to the basis difference between the fair value of our investment and the underlying net assets and is generally amortized in equity earnings over a period consistent with the underlying long-lived assets. The Company is party to various agreements with GPI under which it sells fiber and other products to GPI. Sales under these agreements were $62 million and $180 million for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.


16


Summarized financial information for GPI is presented in the following tables:

Balance Sheet
In millions
September 30, 2018
Current assets
$
1,943

Noncurrent assets
5,347

Current liabilities
1,143

Noncurrent liabilities
3,150


Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2018
 
2018
Net sales
$
1,530

 
$
4,515

Gross profit
256

 
714

Income from continuing operations
135

 
278

Net income
135

 
278


Ilim Holding S.A.

The Company has a 50% equity interest in Ilim Holding S.A. (Ilim), which has subsidiaries whose primary operations are in Russia. The Company recorded equity earnings (losses), net of taxes, of $74 million and $48 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively and $223 million and $119 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company received cash dividends from the joint venture of $118 million and $129 million during the first nine months of 2018 and 2017, respectively. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company's investment in Ilim was $440 million and $338 million, respectively, which was $153 million and $154 million, respectively, more than the Company's proportionate share of the joint venture's underlying net assets. The differences primarily relate to currency translation adjustments and the basis difference between the fair value of our investment at acquisition and the underlying net assets. The Company is party to a joint marketing agreement with JSC Ilim Group, a subsidiary of Ilim, under which the Company purchases, markets and sells paper produced by JSC Ilim Group. Purchases under this agreement were $50 million and $52 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $159 million and $151 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Summarized financial information for Ilim is presented in the following tables:

Balance Sheet
In millions
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Current assets
$
741

 
$
689

Noncurrent assets
1,702

 
1,696

Current liabilities
393

 
1,039

Noncurrent liabilities
1,460

 
972

Noncontrolling interests
17

 
6


Income Statement
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
In millions
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
$
655

 
$
523

 
$
2,030

 
$
1,518

Gross profit
376

 
252

 
1,152

 
715

Income from continuing operations
149

 
99

 
454

 
249

Net income
143

 
95

 
438

 
237


17



Goodwill

The following table presents changes in goodwill balances as allocated to each business segment for the nine-months ended September 30, 2018: 
In millions
Industrial
Packaging
 
Global Cellulose Fibers
 
Printing
Papers
 
Total
Balance as of January 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
$
3,382

 
$
52

  
$
2,150

  
$
5,584

Accumulated impairment losses (a)
(296
)
 

  
(1,877
)
 
(2,173
)
 
3,086

 
52

  
273

  
3,411

Currency translation and other (b)

 

 
(38
)
 
(38
)
Additions/reductions
(2
)
(c)

 

 
(2
)
Balance as of September 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
3,380

 
52

  
2,112

  
5,544

Accumulated impairment losses (a)
(296
)
 

  
(1,877
)
 
(2,173
)
Total
$
3,084

 
$
52

  
$
235

  
$
3,371

 
(a)
Represents accumulated goodwill impairment charges since the adoption of ASC 350, "Intangibles-Goodwill and Other" in 2002.
(b)
Represents the effects of foreign currency translations and reclassifications.
(c) Reflects a reduction from tax benefits generated by the deduction of goodwill amortization for tax purposes in the US.