10-Q 1 a0929201810qdocument.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended September 29, 2018.
Or
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission File Number 000-06217
a001intellogocolora10.jpg
INTEL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-1672743
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2200 Mission College Boulevard, Santa Clara, California
 
95054-1549
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(408) 765-8080
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer 
 ¨
Smaller reporting company  ¨
Emerging growth company  ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock:
Class
 
Outstanding as of September 29, 2018
Common stock, $0.001 par value
 
4,564 million



TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE ORGANIZATION OF OUR QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
The order and presentation of content in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (Form 10-Q) differs from the traditional U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Form 10-Q format. We believe this format improves readability and better presents how we organize and manage our business. See "Form 10-Q Cross-Reference Index" within Other Key Information for a cross-reference index to the traditional SEC Form 10-Q format.
We have included key metrics that we use to measure our business, some of which are non-GAAP measures. See these "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" within Other Key Information.

 
 
 
Page
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
A QUARTER IN REVIEW
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTAL DETAILS
 
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
 
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
 
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS (MD&A) - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
Overview
 
Revenue, Gross Margin, and Operating Expenses
 
Business Unit Trends and Results
 
Other Consolidated Results of Operations
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
 
 
 
OTHER KEY INFORMATION
 
 
Risk Factors
 
Controls and Procedures
 
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Exhibits
 
Form 10-Q Cross-Reference Index






FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "goals," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "continues," "may," "will," "would," "should," "could," and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, projected growth of markets relevant to our businesses, uncertain events or assumptions, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on management's expectations as of the date of this filing and involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include those described throughout this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 30, 2017, particularly the "Risk Factors" sections of such reports. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Form 10-Q and in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission that disclose risks and uncertainties that may affect our business. The forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q do not reflect the potential impact of any divestitures, mergers, acquisitions, or other business combinations that had not been completed as of the date of this filing. In addition, the forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q are made as of the date of this filing, including expectations based on third-party information and projections that management believes to be reputable, and Intel does not undertake, and expressly disclaims any duty, to update such statements, whether as a result of new information, new developments or otherwise, except to the extent that disclosure may be required by law.

INTEL UNIQUE TERMS
We use specific terms throughout this document to describe our business and results. Below are key terms and how we define them:
PLATFORM PRODUCTS
 
A microprocessor (processor or central processing unit (CPU)) and chipset, a stand-alone System-on-Chip (SoC), or a multichip package. Platform products, or platforms, are primarily used in solutions sold through Client Computing Group (CCG), Data Center Group (DCG), and Internet of Things Group (IOTG) segments.
 
 
 
ADJACENT PRODUCTS
 
All of our non-platform products, for CCG, DCG, and IOTG like modem, ethernet and silicon photonics, as well as Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group (NSG), Programmable Solutions Group (PSG), and Mobileye products. Combined with our platform products, adjacent products form comprehensive platform solutions to meet customer needs.
 
 
 
PC-CENTRIC BUSINESS
 
Is made up of our CCG business, both platform and adjacent products.
 
 
 
DATA-CENTRIC BUSINESSES
 
Includes our DCG, IOTG, NSG, PSG, and all other businesses, which includes Mobileye
Intel, the Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Optane, Intel Core, Xeon, and 3D XPoint are trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the U.S. and/or other countries.
*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. 

 
 
1


A QUARTER IN REVIEW
The third quarter was a record quarter in revenue, operating income, and net income, driven by strong customer demand for the performance of our leadership products across the business. Data Center Group (DCG), Client Computing Group (CCG), Internet of Things Group (IOTG), Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group (NSG), and Mobileye each achieved record revenue. Strong business performance, operating margin leverage, and lower tax rate resulted in net income of $6.4 billion in the third quarter. From a capital allocation perspective, in the first nine months we generated $22.5 billion of cash flow from operations and returned $12.6 billion to shareholders, including $4.2 billion in dividends and $8.5 billion in buybacks.
REVENUE
 
OPERATING INCOME
 
DILUTED EPS
$19.2B
 
 
 
$7.3B
 
$7.6B
 
$1.38
 
$1.40
GAAP
 
 
 
GAAP
 
non-GAAP1
 
GAAP
 
non-GAAP1
up $3.0B or 19% from Q3 2017
 
up $2.2B or 43% from Q3 2017
 
up $2.0B or 36% from Q3 2017
 
up $0.44 or 47% from Q3 2017
 
up $0.39 or 39% from Q3 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Strong performance across all businesses and record revenue from DCG, CCG, IOTG, NSG, and Mobileye
 
Demand for leadership product and continued operating margin leverage while investing in key opportunities such as artificial intelligence and autonomous driving
 
Growing demand for higher performance products, growth in adjacent businesses, lower tax rate, and lower share outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Data-centric $B
 
 PC-centric $B
 
 GAAP $B
 
Non-GAAP $B
 
 GAAP
 
 Non-GAAP
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BUSINESS SUMMARY
Five years ago, we set a course to transform to a data-centric company. Today our strategy, products, and employees are delivering on that ambition with strong growth, record results, and new opportunities. We are gaining share in an expanded total addressable market (TAM) opportunity, which is now expected to be over $300 billion2 as our transformation accelerates.
Our data-centric businesses collectively grew 22% led by the growth in the cloud and communication service provider market segments. To extend the growth momentum, we are now shipping Intel® Optane™ data center persistent memory, which combines the speed of traditional memory with the capacity and native persistence of storage.
Our focus on performance leadership and differentiation in client computing is producing outstanding results. In addition, we expect modest PC TAM2 growth this year and continued share gain in modems. To extend product leadership and to deliver more value to customers, we launched new 9th Gen Intel® Core™ processors, targeting the growing gaming market segment.
The return to PC TAM growth put pressure on our factory network. In addition to prioritizing production to serve server and high-performance PC market segments, we are investing additional capital expenditure to increase our supply, working with customers to align demand with available supply, and making good progress to improve 10nm yields.
30 years ago, in September, 1988, Gordon Moore helped establish the Intel Foundation, a public charity funded by our company. From investing in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs, providing disaster relief, and amplifying the philanthropy of Intel employees, the Intel Foundation has been committed to improving lives around the world.
1 See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" within Other Key Information.
2 Source: Intel calculated 2022 TAM and current year PC TAM derived from industry analyst reports and internal estimates.



A QUARTER IN REVIEW
 
2


INTEL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions, Except Per Share Amounts; Unaudited)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Net revenue
 
$
19,163

 
$
16,149

 
$
52,191

 
$
45,708

Cost of sales
 
6,803

 
6,085

 
19,681

 
17,388

Gross margin
 
12,360

 
10,064

 
32,510

 
28,320

Research and development
 
3,428

 
3,209

 
10,110

 
9,782

Marketing, general and administrative
 
1,605

 
1,661

 
5,230

 
5,610

Restructuring and other charges
 
(72
)
 
4

 
(72
)
 
189

Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles
 
50

 
49

 
150

 
124

Operating expenses
 
5,011

 
4,923

 
15,418

 
15,705

Operating income
 
7,349

 
5,141

 
17,092

 
12,615

Gains (losses) on equity investments, net
 
(75
)
 
846

 
365

 
1,440

Interest and other, net
 
(132
)
 
(57
)
 
225

 
262

Income before taxes
 
7,142

 
5,930

 
17,682

 
14,317

Provision for taxes
 
744

 
1,414

 
1,824

 
4,029

Net income
 
$
6,398

 
$
4,516

 
$
15,858

 
$
10,288

Earnings per share – Basic
 
$
1.40

 
$
0.96

 
$
3.42

 
$
2.19

Earnings per share – Diluted
 
$
1.38

 
$
0.94

 
$
3.35

 
$
2.12

Cash dividends declared per share of common stock
 
$
0.60

 
$
0.5450

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.0775

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
4,574

 
4,688

 
4,632

 
4,707

Diluted
 
4,648

 
4,821

 
4,728

 
4,849

See accompanying notes.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Consolidated Condensed Statements of Income
3




INTEL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions; Unaudited)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Net income
 
$
6,398

 
$
4,516

 
$
15,858

 
$
10,288

Changes in other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized holding gains (losses) on available-for-sale equity investments
 

 
399

 

 
408

Net unrealized holding gains (losses) on derivatives
 
(25
)
 
19

 
(199
)
 
350

Actuarial valuation and other pension benefits (expenses), net
 
13

 
13

 
39

 
233

Translation adjustments and other
 
(2
)
 
5

 
(15
)
 
513

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(14
)
 
436

 
(175
)
 
1,504

Total comprehensive income
 
$
6,384

 
$
4,952

 
$
15,683

 
$
11,792

See accompanying notes.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income
4



INTEL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Dec 30,
2017
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
3,407

 
$
3,433

Short-term investments
 
2,641

 
1,814

Trading assets
 
7,138

 
8,755

Accounts receivable
 
5,457

 
5,607

Inventories
 
7,401

 
6,983

Other current assets
 
3,546

 
2,908

Total current assets
 
29,590

 
29,500

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $63,684 ($59,286 as of December 30, 2017)
 
47,071

 
41,109

Equity investments
 
7,551

 
8,579

Other long-term investments
 
3,562

 
3,712

Goodwill
 
24,506

 
24,389

Identified intangible assets, net
 
12,007

 
12,745

Other long-term assets
 
3,955

 
3,215

Total assets
 
$
128,242

 
$
123,249

Liabilities, temporary equity, and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt
 
$
3,051

 
$
1,776

Accounts payable
 
3,593

 
2,928

Accrued compensation and benefits
 
3,095

 
3,526

Deferred income
 

 
1,656

Other accrued liabilities
 
9,835

 
7,535

Total current liabilities

19,574

 
17,421

Debt
 
24,823

 
25,037

Contract liabilities
 
2,220

 

Income taxes payable, non-current
 
4,879

 
4,069

Deferred income taxes
 
1,485

 
3,046

Other long-term liabilities
 
3,263

 
3,791

Contingencies (Note 16)
 

 

Temporary equity
 
515

 
866

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock
 

 

Common stock and capital in excess of par value, 4,564 issued and outstanding (4,687 issued and outstanding as of December 30, 2017)
 
25,492

 
26,074

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(1,103
)
 
862

Retained earnings
 
47,094

 
42,083

Total stockholders’ equity
 
71,483

 
69,019

Total liabilities, temporary equity, and stockholders’ equity
 
$
128,242

 
$
123,249

See accompanying notes.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
5



INTEL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions; Unaudited)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
$
3,433

 
$
5,560

Cash flows provided by (used for) operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
15,858

 
10,288

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
 
5,420

 
4,990

Share-based compensation
 
1,203

 
1,051

Amortization of intangibles
 
1,172

 
999

(Gains) losses on equity investments, net
 
(329
)
 
(1,372
)
(Gains) losses on divestitures
 
(497
)
 
(387
)
Loss on debt conversion and extinguishment
 
211

 

Deferred taxes
 
18

 
570

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(449
)
 
(1,128
)
Inventories
 
(362
)
 
(1,245
)
Accounts payable
 
430

 
171

Accrued compensation and benefits
 
(801
)
 
(362
)
Customer deposits and prepaid supply agreements
 
1,472

 

Income taxes payable and receivable
 
(1,075
)
 
979

Other assets and liabilities
 
261

 
315

Total adjustments
 
6,674

 
4,581

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
22,532

 
14,869

Cash flows provided by (used for) investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
 
(11,291
)
 
(7,709
)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
(183
)
 
(14,499
)
Purchases of available-for-sale debt investments
 
(3,090
)
 
(1,959
)
Sales of available-for-sale debt investments
 
135

 
1,511

Maturities of available-for-sale debt investments
 
2,232

 
3,488

Purchases of trading assets
 
(8,316
)
 
(9,792
)
Maturities and sales of trading assets
 
9,705

 
11,806

Purchases of equity investments
 
(667
)
 
(744
)
Sales of equity investments
 
1,646

 
3,173

Proceeds from divestitures
 
548

 
3,124

Other investing
 
(138
)
 
1,069

Net cash used for investing activities
 
(9,419
)
 
(10,532
)
Cash flows provided by (used for) financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in short-term debt, net
 
1,707

 
(5
)
Issuance of long-term debt, net of issuance costs
 
423

 
7,716

Repayment of debt and debt conversion
 
(1,928
)
 
(1,502
)
Proceeds from sales of common stock through employee equity incentive plans
 
545

 
637

Repurchase of common stock
 
(8,464
)
 
(3,611
)
Restricted stock unit withholdings
 
(492
)
 
(424
)
Payment of dividends to stockholders
 
(4,173
)
 
(3,794
)
Other financing
 
(757
)
 
161

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
 
(13,139
)
 
(822
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
(26
)
 
3,515

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
3,407

 
$
9,075

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of noncash investing activities and cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of property, plant, and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,988

 
$
1,736

Non-marketable equity investment in McAfee from divestiture
 
$

 
$
1,078

Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
 
Interest, net of capitalized interest
 
$
316

 
$
386

Income taxes, net of refunds
 
$
2,854

 
$
2,328

See accompanying notes.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
6



INTEL CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
NOTE 1: BASIS OF PRESENTATION
We prepared our interim consolidated condensed financial statements that accompany these notes in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, consistent in all material respects with those applied in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2017 (2017 Form 10-K), except for changes associated with recent accounting standards for retirement benefits, revenue recognition, and financial instruments as detailed in "Note 2: Recent Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies." We have reclassified certain prior period amounts to conform to current period presentation.
We have made estimates and judgments affecting the amounts reported in our consolidated condensed financial statements and the accompanying notes. The actual results that we experience may differ materially from our estimates. The interim financial information is unaudited, but reflects all normal adjustments that are, in our opinion, necessary to provide a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. This report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements in our 2017 Form 10-K.
NOTE 2: RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS AND ACCOUNTING POLICIES
We assess the adoption impacts of recently issued accounting standards by the Financial Accounting Standards Board on our financial statements. The sections below describe impacts from newly adopted standards as well as material updates to our previous assessments, if any, from our 2017 Form 10-K.
ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADOPTED
Retirement Benefits - Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost
Standard/Description: This amended standard was issued to provide additional guidance on the presentation of net periodic benefit cost in the income statement and on the components eligible for capitalization in assets. In accordance with the revised standard, we have separated the different components of net periodic benefit cost, presenting service cost components within operating income and other non-service components separately outside of operating income on the income statement. In addition, only service costs are now eligible for inventory capitalization.
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations: Effective in the first quarter of 2018. Changes to the presentation of benefit costs were required to be adopted retrospectively, while changes to the capitalization of service costs into inventories were required to be adopted prospectively. The standard permits, as a practical expedient, use of the amounts disclosed in the Retirement Benefit Plans footnote for the prior comparative periods as the estimation basis for applying the retrospective presentation requirement.
Effect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters: Adoption of the amended standard resulted in the reclassification of approximately $114 million of non-service net periodic benefit costs from line items within operating income to interest and other, net, for the year ended December 30, 2017 ($259 million for the year ended December 31, 2016).
Revenue Recognition - Contracts with Customers
Standard/Description: This standard was issued to achieve a consistent application of revenue recognition within the U.S., resulting in a single revenue model to be applied by all companies. Under the new model, recognition of revenue occurs when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, the new standard requires that companies disclose the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations: Effective in the first quarter of 2018. This standard was adopted using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings for the fiscal year beginning December 31, 2017.
Effect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters: Our adoption assessments identified a change in revenue recognition timing on our component sales made to distributors. Under the new standard we now recognize revenue when we deliver to the distributor rather than deferring recognition until the distributor sells the components.
On the date of initial application, we removed the deferred income and related receivables on component sales made to distributors through a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings. The revenue deferral that was historically recognized in the following period is expected to be primarily offset by the acceleration of revenue recognition in the current period as control of the product transfers to our customer.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
7




Our assessment also identified a change in expense recognition timing related to payments we make to our customers for distinct services they perform as part of cooperative advertising programs, which were previously recorded as operating expenses. We now recognize the expense for cooperative advertising in the period the marketing activities occur. Previously we recognized the expense in the period the customer was entitled to participate in the program, which coincided with the period of sale. On the date of initial adoption, we capitalized the expense of cooperative advertising not performed through a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings.
We have completed our adoption and implemented policies, processes, and controls to support the standard's measurement and disclosure requirements. Refer to the tables below, which summarize the impacts of the changes discussed above to our financial statements recorded as an adjustment to opening balances for the fiscal year beginning December 31, 2017, and also provide comparative reporting of the impacts of adopting the standard.
Accounting Policy Updates: We recognize net product revenue when we satisfy performance obligations as evidenced by the transfer of control of our products or services to customers. Substantially all of our revenue is derived from product sales. In accordance with contract terms, revenue for product sales is recognized at the time of product shipment from our facilities or delivery to the customer location, as determined by the agreed upon shipping terms. We include shipping charges billed to customers in net revenue, and include the related shipping costs in cost of sales.
We measure revenue based on the amount of consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for products or services. Any variable consideration is recognized as a reduction of net revenue at the time of revenue recognition. We determine variable consideration, which consists primarily of sales price concessions, by estimating the most likely amount of consideration we expect to receive from the customer based on historical analysis of customer purchase volumes. The impacts of distributor sales price reductions resulting from price protection agreements are also estimated based on historical analysis of such activity and are reflected as a reduction in net revenue.
We make payments to our customers through cooperative advertising programs, such as our Intel Inside® program, for marketing activities for certain of our products. We generally record the payment as a reduction in revenue in the period that the revenue is earned, unless the payment is for a distinct service, which we record as expense when the marketing activities occur.
Financial Instruments - Recognition and Measurement
Standard/Description: Requires changes to the accounting for financial instruments that primarily affect equity securities, financial liabilities measured using the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for such instruments.
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations: Effective in the first quarter of 2018. Changes to our marketable equity securities were required to be adopted using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings for the fiscal year beginning December 31, 2017. Since management has elected to apply the measurement alternative to non-marketable equity securities, changes to these securities were adopted prospectively.
Effect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters: Marketable equity securities previously classified as available-for-sale equity investments are now measured and recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recorded through the income statement.
All non-marketable equity securities formerly classified as cost method investments are measured and recorded using the measurement alternative. Equity securities measured and recorded using the measurement alternative are recorded at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from qualifying observable price changes. Adjustments resulting from impairments and qualifying observable price changes are recorded in the income statement.
Beginning in the first quarter of 2018, in accordance with the standard, recurring fair value disclosures are no longer provided for equity securities measured using the measurement alternative. In addition, the existing impairment model has been replaced with a new one-step qualitative impairment model. No initial adoption adjustment was recorded for these instruments since the standard was required to be applied prospectively for securities measured using the measurement alternative.
We have completed our adoption and implemented policies, processes, and controls to support the standard's measurement and disclosure requirements. Refer to the table below, which summarizes impacts, net of tax, of the changes discussed above to our financial statements. This reflects an adjustment to opening balances for the fiscal year beginning December 31, 2017.
Accounting Policy Updates: We regularly invest in equity securities of public and private companies to promote business and strategic objectives. Equity investments are measured and recorded as follows:
Marketable equity securities are equity securities with readily determinable fair value (RDFV) that are measured and recorded at fair value. Prior to fiscal 2018, these securities were measured and recorded at fair value and classified as available-for-sale securities.
Non-marketable equity securities are equity securities without RDFV that are measured and recorded using a measurement alternative which measures the securities at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from qualifying observable price changes. These securities were previously accounted for using the cost method of accounting, measured at cost less other-than-temporary impairment.
Equity method investments are equity securities in investees we do not control but over which we have the ability to exercise significant influence. Equity method investments are measured at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus our share of equity method investee income or loss. Our proportionate share of the income or loss from equity method investments is recognized on a one-quarter lag.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
8




Realized and unrealized gains or losses resulting from changes in value and sale of our equity investments are recorded in gains (losses) on equity investments, net. We previously recorded unrealized gains and losses through other comprehensive income (loss) and realized gains and losses on the sale, exchange or impairment of these equity investments through gains (losses) on equity investments, net.
The carrying value of our portfolio of non-marketable equity securities totaled $2.9 billion as of September 29, 2018 ($2.6 billion as of December 30, 2017). The carrying value of our non-marketable equity securities is adjusted for qualifying observable price changes resulting from the issuance of similar or identical securities by the same issuer. Determining whether an observed transaction is similar to a security within our portfolio requires judgment based on the rights and preferences of the securities. Recording upward and downward adjustments to the carrying value of our equity securities as a result of observable price changes requires quantitative assessments of the fair value of our securities using various valuation methodologies and involves the use of estimates.
Non-marketable equity securities and equity method investments are also subject to periodic impairment reviews. Our quarterly impairment analysis considers both qualitative and quantitative factors that may have a significant impact on the investee's fair value. Qualitative factors considered include industry and market conditions, the financial performance and near-term prospects of the investee, and other relevant events and factors affecting the investee. When indicators of impairment exist, we prepare quantitative assessments of the fair value of our equity investments using both the market and income approaches which require judgment and the use of estimates, including discount rates, investee revenues and costs, and comparable market data of private and public companies, among others. Prior to fiscal 2018, non-marketable equity securities were tested for impairment using the other-than-temporary impairment model which considered the severity and duration of a decline in fair value below cost and our ability and intent to hold the investment for a sufficient period of time to allow for recovery. Impairments of equity investments were $372 million in the first nine months of 2018 and $613 million in the first nine months of 2017.
Opening Balance Adjustments
The following table summarizes the effects of adopting Revenue Recognition - Contracts with CustomersFinancial Instruments - Recognition and Measurement, and other accounting standards on our financial statements for the fiscal year beginning December 31, 2017 as an adjustment to the opening balance:
 
 
 
 
Adjustments from
 
 

(In Millions)
 
Balance as of
Dec 30, 2017
 
Revenue Standard
 
Financial Instruments Standard
 
Other1 
 
Opening Balance as of
Dec 31, 2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
$
5,607

 
$
(530
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
5,077

Inventories
 
$
6,983

 
$
47

 
$

 
$

 
$
7,030

Other current assets
 
$
2,908

 
$
64

 
$

 
$
(8
)
 
$
2,964

Equity investments
 
$

 
$

 
$
8,579

 
$

 
$
8,579

Marketable equity securities
 
$
4,192

 
$

 
$
(4,192
)
 
$

 
$

Other long-term assets
 
$
7,602

 
$

 
$
(4,387
)
 
$
(43
)
 
$
3,172

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income
 
$
1,656

 
$
(1,356
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
300

Other accrued liabilities
 
$
7,535

 
$
81

 
$

 
$

 
$
7,616

Deferred income taxes
 
$
3,046

 
$
191

 
$

 
$
(20
)
 
$
3,217

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
862

 
$

 
$
(1,745
)
 
$
(45
)
 
$
(928
)
Retained earnings
 
$
42,083

 
$
665

 
$
1,745

 
$
14

 
$
44,507

1 
Includes adjustments from adoption of "Income Taxes - Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory" and "Income StatementReporting Comprehensive Income - Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income."

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
9




The following table summarizes the impacts of adopting the new revenue standard on our consolidated condensed statements of income and balance sheets:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 29, 2018
 
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2018
(In Millions)
 
As reported
 
Adjustments
 
Without new revenue standard
 
As reported
 
Adjustments
 
Without new revenue standard
Income Statement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
 
$
19,163

 
$
118

 
$
19,281

 
$
52,191

 
$
(266
)
 
$
51,925

Cost of sales
 
6,803

 
46

 
6,849

 
19,681

 
(136
)
 
19,545

Gross margin
 
12,360

 
72

 
12,432

 
32,510

 
(130
)
 
32,380

Marketing, general and administrative
 
1,605

 

 
1,605

 
5,230

 
(70
)
 
5,160

Operating income
 
7,349

 
72

 
7,421

 
17,092

 
(60
)
 
17,032

Income before taxes
 
7,142

 
72

 
7,214

 
17,682

 
(60
)
 
17,622

Provision for taxes
 
744

 
20

 
764

 
1,824

 
(4
)
 
1,820

Net income
 
$
6,398

 
$
52

 
$
6,450

 
$
15,858

 
$
(56
)
 
$
15,802

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of September 29, 2018
(In Millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As reported
 
Adjustments
 
Without new revenue standard
Balance Sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
5,457

 
$
446

 
$
5,903

Inventories
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
7,401

 
$
23

 
$
7,424

Other current assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
3,546

 
$
4

 
$
3,550

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$

 
$
1,668

 
$
1,668

Other accrued liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
9,835

 
$
(334
)
 
$
9,501

Deferred income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,485

 
$
(140
)
 
$
1,345

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
47,094

 
$
(721
)
 
$
46,373

ACCOUNTING STANDARDS NOT YET ADOPTED
Leases
Standard/Description: This new lease accounting standard requires that we recognize leased assets and corresponding liabilities on the balance sheet and provide enhanced disclosure of lease activity.
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations: Effective in the first quarter of 2019. The standard requires a modified retrospective adoption. We can choose to apply the provisions at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements or at the beginning of the period of adoption. We have elected to apply the guidance at the beginning of the period of adoption.
Effect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters: We expect the valuation of our right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, previously described as operating leases, to approximate the present value of our forecasted future lease commitments. We are currently implementing processes to comply with the measurement and disclosure requirements.
Cloud Computing Implementation Costs
Standard/Description: The standard requires implementation costs incurred in cloud computing (i.e. hosting) arrangements that are service contracts to be assessed under existing guidance to determine which costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred.
Effective Date and Adoption Considerations: Effective in the first quarter of 2020. The standard requires adoption either retrospectively or prospectively.
Effect on Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters: We have not yet determined the impact of this standard on our financial statements.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
10




NOTE 3: OPERATING SEGMENTS
We manage our business through the following operating segments:
Client Computing Group (CCG)
Data Center Group (DCG)
Internet of Things Group (IOTG)
Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group (NSG)
Programmable Solutions Group (PSG)
All Other
During the third quarter of 2018, we made an organizational change to combine our artificial intelligence investments in edge computing with IOTG; accordingly, approximately $480 million of goodwill was reallocated from "all other" to the IOTG operating segment.
We offer platform products that incorporate various components and technologies, including a microprocessor and chipset, a stand-alone System-on-Chip (SoC), or a multichip package. A platform product may be enhanced by additional hardware, software, and services offered by Intel. Platform products are used in various form factors across our CCG, DCG, and IOTG operating segments. We derive a substantial majority of our revenue from platform products, which are our principal products and considered as one class of product.
CCG and DCG are our reportable operating segments. IOTG, NSG, and PSG do not meet the quantitative thresholds to qualify as reportable operating segments; however, we have elected to disclose the results of these non-reportable operating segments. 
The “all other” category includes revenue, expenses, and charges such as:
results of operations from non-reportable segments not otherwise presented, including Mobileye results;
historical results of operations from divested businesses, including Intel Security Group (ISecG) results;
results of operations of start-up businesses that support our initiatives, including our foundry business;
amounts included within restructuring and other charges;
a portion of employee benefits, compensation, and other expenses not allocated to the operating segments; and
acquisition-related costs, including amortization and any impairment of acquisition-related intangibles and goodwill.
The Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM), which is our interim Chief Executive Officer, does not evaluate operating segments using discrete asset information. Operating segments do not record inter-segment revenue. We do not allocate gains and losses from equity investments, interest and other income, or taxes to operating segments. Although the CODM uses operating income to evaluate the segments, operating costs included in one segment may benefit other segments. Except for these differences, the accounting policies for segment reporting are the same as for Intel as a whole.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
11




Net revenue and operating income (loss) for each period were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Client Computing Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Platform
 
$
9,023

 
$
8,132

 
$
24,703

 
$
23,163

Adjacent
 
1,211

 
728

 
2,479

 
1,886

 
 
10,234

 
8,860

 
27,182

 
25,049

Data Center Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Platform
 
5,637

 
4,439

 
15,561

 
12,344

Adjacent
 
502

 
439

 
1,361

 
1,138

 
 
6,139

 
4,878

 
16,922

 
13,482

Internet of Things Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Platform
 
855

 
680

 
2,319

 
1,926

Adjacent
 
64

 
169

 
320

 
364

 
 
919

 
849

 
2,639

 
2,290

Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group
 
1,081

 
891

 
3,200

 
2,631

Programmable Solutions Group
 
496

 
469

 
1,511

 
1,334

All other
 
294

 
202

 
737

 
922

Total net revenue
 
$
19,163

 
$
16,149

 
$
52,191

 
$
45,708

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Client Computing Group
 
$
4,532

 
$
3,600

 
$
10,557

 
$
9,656

Data Center Group
 
3,082

 
2,255

 
8,421

 
5,403

Internet of Things Group
 
321

 
146

 
791

 
390

Non-Volatile Memory Solutions Group
 
160

 
(52
)
 
14

 
(291
)
Programmable Solutions Group
 
106

 
113

 
304

 
302

All other
 
(852
)
 
(921
)
 
(2,995
)
 
(2,845
)
Total operating income
 
$
7,349

 
$
5,141

 
$
17,092

 
$
12,615

Disaggregated net revenue for each period was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Platform revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Desktop platform
 
$
3,225

 
$
2,967

 
$
9,087

 
$
8,598

Notebook platform
 
5,774

 
5,123

 
15,549

 
14,437

DCG platform
 
5,637

 
4,439

 
15,561

 
12,344

Other platform1
 
879

 
722

 
2,386

 
2,054

 
 
15,515

 
13,251

 
42,583

 
37,433

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjacent revenue2
 
3,648

 
2,898

 
9,608

 
7,741

ISecG divested business
 

 

 

 
534

Total revenue
 
$
19,163

 
$
16,149

 
$
52,191

 
$
45,708

1 
Includes our tablet, service provider, and IOTG platform revenue.
2 
Includes all of our non-platform products for CCG, DCG, and IOTG like modem, ethernet, and silicon photonics, as well as NSG, PSG, and Mobileye products.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
12




NOTE 4: EARNINGS PER SHARE
We computed basic earnings per share of common stock based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. We computed diluted earnings per share of common stock based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus potentially dilutive shares of common stock outstanding during the period.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Net income available to common stockholders
 
$
6,398

 
$
4,516

 
$
15,858

 
$
10,288

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding – basic
 
4,574

 
4,688

 
4,632

 
4,707

Dilutive effect of employee equity incentive plans
 
40

 
34

 
52

 
43

Dilutive effect of convertible debt
 
34

 
99

 
44

 
99

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding – diluted
 
4,648

 
4,821

 
4,728

 
4,849

Earnings per share – Basic
 
$
1.40

 
$
0.96

 
$
3.42

 
$
2.19

Earnings per share – Diluted
 
$
1.38

 
$
0.94

 
$
3.35

 
$
2.12

Potentially dilutive shares of common stock from employee equity incentive plans are determined by applying the treasury stock method to the assumed exercise of outstanding stock options, the assumed vesting of outstanding restricted stock units (RSUs), and the assumed issuance of common stock under the stock purchase plan. In December 2017, we paid cash to satisfy the conversion of our 2035 debentures, which we excluded from our dilutive earnings per share computation starting in the fourth quarter of 2017 and are no longer dilutive. Our 2039 debentures require settlement of the principal amount of the debt in cash upon conversion. Since the conversion premium is paid in cash or stock at our option, we determined the potentially dilutive shares of common stock by applying the treasury stock method. For the nine months ended September 29, 2018, we paid cash to satisfy the conversion of a portion of our 2039 debentures. The potentially dilutive shares associated with the converted portion are excluded from our diluted earnings per share computation in 2018 as they are no longer dilutive.
In all periods presented, potentially dilutive outstanding securities which would have been antidilutive are insignificant and are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share. In all periods presented, we included our outstanding 2039 debentures in the calculation of diluted earnings per share of common stock because the average market price was above the conversion price. We could potentially exclude the 2039 debentures in the future if the average market price is below the conversion price.
NOTE 5: CONTRACT LIABILITIES
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Opening Balance as of Dec 31, 2017
Contract liabilities from prepaid supply agreements
 
$
2,692

 
$
105

Contract liabilities from software, services and other
 
93

 
195

Total contract liabilities
 
$
2,785

 
$
300

Contract liabilities are primarily related to partial prepayments received from customers on long-term supply agreements towards future NSG product delivery. As new prepaid supply agreements are entered into and performance obligations are negotiated, this component of the contract liability balance will increase, and as customers purchase product and utilize their prepaid balances, the balance will decrease. The short-term portion of prepayments from supply agreements is reported on the consolidated condensed balance sheets within other accrued liabilities.
The following table shows the changes in contract liability balances relating to prepaid supply agreements during the first nine months of 2018:
(In Millions)
 
 
Prepaid supply agreements balance as of December 31, 2017
 
$
105

Additions and adjustments
 
2,753

Revenue recognized
 
(166
)
Prepaid supply agreements balance as of September 29, 2018
 
$
2,692

Additions and adjustments in the first nine months of 2018 include a $1.0 billion reclassification from customer deposits previously included in other long-term liabilities. The long-term supply agreements represent $4.8 billion in future anticipated revenues with 2% expected to be recognized during the fourth quarter of the year and the remainder ratably over the next five years.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
13




NOTE 6: OTHER FINANCIAL STATEMENT DETAILS
INVENTORIES
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Dec 30,
2017
Raw materials
 
$
932

 
$
738

Work in process
 
4,507

 
4,213

Finished goods
 
1,962

 
2,032

Total inventories
 
$
7,401

 
$
6,983

INTEREST AND OTHER, NET
The components of interest and other, net for each period were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Interest income
 
$
109

 
$
137

 
$
308

 
$
349

Interest expense
 
(109
)
 
(191
)
 
(337
)
 
(493
)
Other, net
 
(132
)
 
(3
)
 
254

 
406

Total interest and other, net
 
$
(132
)
 
$
(57
)
 
$
225

 
$
262

Interest expense in the preceding table is net of $142 million of interest capitalized in the third quarter of 2018 and $381 million in the first nine months of 2018 ($77 million in the third quarter of 2017 and $212 million in the first nine months of 2017).
In the second quarter of 2018, we completed the divestiture of Wind River Systems, Inc. and recognized a pre-tax gain of $494 million. For the first nine months of 2018, we have settled conversion requests for our 2039 convertible debentures totaling $793 million in principal, resulting in a cumulative loss of $211 million.
NOTE 7: INCOME TAXES
During the third quarter of 2018, we adjusted our provisional tax estimates related to the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform) that we recorded in the fourth quarter of 2017 to reflect the impact of additional analysis related to the transition tax liability and the refinement of our measurement of deferred income taxes. Our estimated annual effective tax rate for the first nine months of 2018 includes provisional tax estimates for certain Tax Reform provisions related to foreign-derived intangible income and low-taxed intangible income. Our accounting remains incomplete as of the third quarter of 2018. We could receive additional data and regulatory guidance during the fourth quarter of 2018 that may impact our provisional estimates.
Our effective income tax rate was 10.3% in the first nine months of 2018 compared to 28.1% in the first nine months of 2017. Tax Reform reduced the U.S. statutory federal tax rate from 35.0% to 21.0%, which favorably impacted our effective tax rate in the first nine months of 2018 by approximately nine percentage points. Further, the Tax Reform provisions related to foreign-derived intangible income favorably impacted our effective tax rate by approximately four percentage points, and the provision related to low-taxed intangible income and the repeal of the domestic manufacturing deduction each unfavorably impacted our effective tax rate by approximately one percentage point. The decrease in the first nine months of 2018 was also driven by non-recurring items, primarily our divestiture of ISecG in the second quarter of 2017, which increased our effective tax rate in the first nine months of 2017 by approximately five percentage points, and the adjustment to our provisional estimates for Tax Reform in the first nine months of 2018, which reduced our effective tax rate by approximately two percentage points.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
14




NOTE 8: INVESTMENTS
DEBT INVESTMENTS
Trading Assets
Trading assets still held at the reporting date incurred net losses of $4 million in the third quarter of 2018 and net losses of $169 million in the first nine months of 2018 (net gains of $81 million in the third quarter of 2017 and net gains of $433 million in the first nine months of 2017). Related derivatives incurred net losses of $11 million in the third quarter of 2018 and net gains of $159 million in the first nine months of 2018 (net losses of $75 million in the third quarter of 2017 and net losses of $402 million in the first nine months of 2017).
Available-for-Sale Debt Investments
 
 
September 29, 2018
 
December 30, 2017
(In Millions)
 
Adjusted Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Adjusted Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
Corporate debt
 
$
2,647

 
$
2

 
$
(29
)
 
$
2,620

 
$
2,294

 
$
4

 
$
(13
)
 
$
2,285

Financial institution instruments
 
3,647

 
3

 
(18
)
 
3,632

 
3,387

 
3

 
(9
)
 
3,381

Government debt
 
940

 

 
(14
)
 
926

 
961

 

 
(6
)
 
955

Total available-for-sale debt investments
 
$
7,234

 
$
5

 
$
(61
)
 
$
7,178

 
$
6,642

 
$
7

 
$
(28
)
 
$
6,621

Government debt includes instruments such as non-U.S. government bonds and U.S. agency securities. Financial institution instruments include instruments issued or managed by financial institutions in various forms such as commercial paper, fixed and floating rate bonds, money market fund deposits, and time deposits. Substantially all time deposits were issued by institutions outside the U.S. as of September 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017.
The fair value of available-for-sale debt investments, by contractual maturity, as of September 29, 2018, was as follows:
(In Millions)
 
Fair Value
Due in 1 year or less
 
$
3,138

Due in 1–2 years
 
782

Due in 2–5 years
 
2,662

Due after 5 years
 
118

Instruments not due at a single maturity date
 
478

Total
 
$
7,178

EQUITY INVESTMENTS
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Dec 30,
2017
Marketable equity securities
 
$
3,039

 
$
4,192

Non-marketable equity securities
 
2,878

 
2,613

Equity method investments
 
1,634

 
1,774

Total
 
$
7,551


$
8,579


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
15




The components of gains (losses) on equity investments, net for each period were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Initial mark to market adjustments on marketable equity securities1 2
 
$

 
$

 
$
46

 
$

Ongoing mark to market adjustments on marketable equity securities1 2
 
8

 

 
379

 

Gains (losses) on sales2
 
57

 
944

 
68

 
2,020

Observable price adjustments on non-marketable equity securities2
 
43

 

 
191

 

Impairments
 
(328
)
 
(10
)
 
(372
)
 
(613
)
Share of equity method investee gains (losses)
 

 
(110
)
 
(152
)
 
(129
)
Dividends
 
1

 

 
39

 
68

Other
 
144

 
22

 
166

 
94

Total gains (losses) on equity investments, net
 
$
(75
)
 
$
846

 
$
365

 
$
1,440

1 
Initial mark to market adjustments refers to the fair value adjustment recorded upon a security becoming marketable, generally as a result of an initial public offering (IPO), whereas ongoing mark to market adjustments refers to all post-IPO mark to market adjustments.
2 Both initial and ongoing mark to market adjustments and observable price adjustments relate to the new financial instruments standard adopted in the first quarter of 2018, and are not applicable in prior periods. Gains (losses) on sales includes realized gains (losses) on sales of non-marketable equity securities and equity method investments, and in 2017 also includes realized gains (losses) on sales of available-for-sale equity securities which are now reflected in ongoing mark to market adjustments on marketable equity securities.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 29,
2018
Net gains (losses) recognized during the period on equity securities
 
$
(75
)
 
$
518

Less: Net (gains) losses recognized during the period on equity securities sold during the period
 
(225
)
 
(463
)
Unrealized gains (losses) recognized during the reporting period on equity securities still held at the reporting date
 
$
(300
)
 
$
55

Cloudera, Inc.
On April 28, 2017, Cloudera, Inc. (Cloudera) completed its initial public offering and we designated our previous equity and cost method investments in Cloudera as available-for-sale. During the second quarter of 2017, we determined we had an other-than-temporary decline in the fair value of our investment and recognized an impairment charge of $278 million.
Beijing UniSpreadtrum Technology Ltd.
During 2014, we entered into a series of agreements with Tsinghua Unigroup Ltd. (Tsinghua Unigroup), an operating subsidiary of Tsinghua Holdings Co. Ltd., to, among other things, jointly develop Intel® architecture- and communications-based solutions for phones. We agreed to invest up to 9.0 billion Chinese yuan (approximately $1.5 billion as of the date of the agreement) for a minority stake of approximately 20% of Beijing UniSpreadtrum Technology Ltd., a holding company under Tsinghua Unigroup. During 2015, we invested $966 million to complete the first phase of the equity investment and accounted for our interest using the cost method of accounting. During 2017, we reduced our expectation of the company's future operating performance due to competitive pressures, which resulted in an impairment charge of $308 million.
IM Flash Technologies, LLC
Intel-Micron Flash Technologies (IMFT) was formed in 2006 by Micron Technology, Inc. (Micron) and Intel to jointly develop NAND flash memory and 3D XPoint™ technology products. IMFT is an unconsolidated variable interest entity and all costs of IMFT are passed on to Micron and Intel through sale of products or services in proportional share of ownership. As of September 29, 2018, we own a 49% interest in IMFT. Our portion of IMFT costs was approximately $97 million in the third quarter of 2018 and approximately $324 million in the first nine months of 2018 (approximately $115 million in the third quarter of 2017 and approximately $350 million in the first nine months of 2017).
IMFT depends on Micron and Intel for any additional cash needs to be provided in the form of cash calls or member debt financing (MDF). The MDF balance may be converted to a capital contribution at our request, or may be repaid upon availability of funds. The IMFT operating agreement continues through 2024 unless terminated earlier, and provides for certain buy-sell rights of the joint venture. Intel has the right to cause Micron to buy our interest in IMFT and, if exercised, Micron could elect to receive financing from us for one to two years. Commencing in January 2019, Micron has the right to call our interest in IMFT.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
16




On July 16, 2018, Intel and Micron announced that they agreed to complete joint development for the second generation of 3D XPoint technology, which is expected to occur in the first half of 2019. Technology development beyond the second generation of 3D XPoint technology will be pursued independently by the two companies in order to optimize the technology for their respective product and business needs. Intel continues to purchase jointly developed products from Micron under certain supply agreements.
On October 18, 2018, Micron publicly announced their intent to exercise the right to call our interest in IMFT. The timeline to close the transaction is between six and twelve months after the date Micron exercises the call. Following the closing date, we will continue to receive supply for a period of one year. We recognized an impairment charge of $290 million during the third quarter of 2018. This reduced the carrying value of our equity method investment in IMFT to $1.6 billion in line with our expectation of future cash flows and Micron exercising the call in January.
NOTE 9: IDENTIFIED INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
 
September 29, 2018
(In Millions)
 
Gross Assets
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Acquisition-related developed technology
 
$
9,611

 
$
(2,742
)
 
$
6,869

Acquisition-related customer relationships
 
2,036

 
(433
)
 
1,603

Acquisition-related brands
 
143

 
(44
)
 
99

Licensed technology and patents
 
3,052

 
(1,505
)
 
1,547

Identified intangible assets subject to amortization
 
14,842

 
(4,724
)
 
10,118

In-process research and development
 
1,497

 

 
1,497

Other intangible assets
 
392

 

 
392

Identified intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
1,889

 

 
1,889

Total identified intangible assets
 
$
16,731

 
$
(4,724
)
 
$
12,007

 
 
December 30, 2017
(In Millions)
 
Gross Assets
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Acquisition-related developed technology
 
$
8,912

 
$
(1,922
)
 
$
6,990

Acquisition-related customer relationships
 
2,052

 
(313
)
 
1,739

Acquisition-related brands
 
143

 
(29
)
 
114

Licensed technology and patents
 
3,104

 
(1,370
)
 
1,734

Identified intangible assets subject to amortization
 
14,211

 
(3,634
)
 
10,577

In-process research and development
 
2,168

 

 
2,168

Identified intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
2,168

 

 
2,168

Total identified intangible assets
 
$
16,379

 
$
(3,634
)
 
$
12,745

Amortization expenses recorded in the consolidated condensed statements of income for each period were as follows:
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(In Millions)
 
Location
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Sep 30,
2017
Acquisition-related developed technology
 
Cost of sales
 
$
276

 
$
243

 
$
826

 
$
650

Acquisition-related customer relationships
 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles
 
45

 
45

 
135

 
113

Acquisition-related brands
 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangibles
 
5

 
4

 
15

 
11

Licensed technology and patents
 
Cost of sales
 
64

 
73

 
196

 
225

Total amortization expenses
 
 
 
$
390

 
$
365

 
$
1,172

 
$
999


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
17




We expect future amortization expenses for the next five years to be as follows:
(In Millions)
 
Remainder of 2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
Acquisition-related developed technology
 
$
279

 
$
1,114

 
$
1,082

 
$
1,047

 
$
1,008

Acquisition-related customer relationships
 
45

 
180

 
179

 
179

 
171

Acquisition-related brands
 
5

 
20

 
20

 
20

 
6

Licensed technology and patents
 
64

 
241

 
210

 
198

 
193

Total future amortization expenses
 
$
393

 
$
1,555

 
$
1,491

 
$
1,444

 
$
1,378

NOTE 10: OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
(In Millions)
 
Sep 29,
2018
 
Dec 30,
2017
Non-current deferred tax assets
 
$
1,011

 
$
840

Pre-payments for property, plant and equipment
 
1,383

 
714

Loans receivable
 
544

 
860

Other
 
1,017

 
801

Total other long-term assets
 
$
3,955

 
$
3,215

NOTE 11: BORROWINGS
For the first nine months of 2018, we paid $1.9 billion to satisfy conversion obligations for $793 million of our $2.0 billion 3.25% junior subordinated 2039 convertible debentures. We recognized a loss of $211 million in interest and other, net and a reduction of $1.3 billion in stockholders' equity related to the conversion feature.
During the third quarter of 2018, we remarketed $423 million principal of bonds issued by the Industrial Development Authority of the City of Chandler, Arizona (the Arizona bonds) and the State of Oregon Business Development Commission (the Oregon bonds). The bonds are our unsecured general obligations in accordance with loan agreements we entered into with the Industrial Development Authority of the City of Chandler, Arizona and the State of Oregon Business Development Commission. The bonds mature between 2035 and 2040 and carry interest rates of 2.4% - 2.7%. Each series of the Arizona bonds and the Oregon bonds are subject to mandatory tender in August 2023, at which time we can re-market the bonds as either fixed-rate bonds for a specified period or as variable-rate bonds until another fixed rate period is selected or until their final maturity date.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
  Notes to Financial Statements
18




NOTE 12: FAIR VALUE
For information about our fair value policies, and methods and assumptions used in estimating the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities, see "Note 2: Accounting Policies" and "Note 15: Fair Value" in our 2017 Form 10-K.
ASSETS AND LIABILITIES MEASURED AND RECORDED AT FAIR VALUE ON A RECURRING BASIS
 
 
September 29, 2018
 
December 30, 2017
 
 
Fair Value Measured and
Recorded at Reporting Date Using
 
 
Fair Value Measured and
Recorded at Reporting Date Using
 
(In Millions)
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt
 
$

 
$
179

 
$

 
$
179

 
$

 
$
30

 
$

 
$
30

Financial institution instruments 1
 
478

 
318

 

 
796

 
335

 
640

 

 
975

Government debt 2
 

 

 

 

 

 
90

 

 
90

Reverse repurchase agreements
 

 
1,949

 

 
1,949

 

 
1,399

 

 
1,399

Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate debt
 

 
573