10-K 1 hban20161231_10k.htm 10-K Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________
FORM 10-K
_______________________________________________
(Mark One)
x
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016
or
¨
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number 1-34073 
_______________________________________________
Huntington Bancshares Incorporated
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________________________
Maryland
 
31-0724920
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
41 S. High Street, Columbus, Ohio
 
43287
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (614) 480-8300
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of class
 
Name of exchange on which registered
8.50% Series A non-voting, perpetual convertible preferred stock
 
NASDAQ
5.875% Series C Non-Cumulative, perpetual preferred stock
 
NASDAQ
6.250% Series D Non-Cumulative, perpetual preferred stock
 
NASDAQ
Common Stock—Par Value $0.01 per Share
 
NASDAQ
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Title of class
Floating Rate Series B Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock

Depositary Shares (each representing a 1/40th interest in a share of Floating Rate Series B Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Exchange Act.  x    Yes  ¨    No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.  ¨    Yes  x    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  x    Yes  ¨    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  x    Yes  ¨    No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
x
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act)  ¨    Yes  x    No
The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2016, determined by using a per share closing price of $8.94, as quoted by NASDAQ on that date, was $6,959,125,311. As of January 31, 2017, there were 1,085,887,404 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.01 outstanding.
Documents Incorporated By Reference
Part III of this Form 10-K incorporates by reference certain information from the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the 2017 Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.




HUNTINGTON BANCSHARES INCORPORATED
INDEX
 
 
 
Part I.
 
 
Part II.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Part III.
 
 







Glossary of Acronyms and Terms
The following listing provides a comprehensive reference of common acronyms and terms used throughout the document:
 
ABS
Asset-Backed Securities
ACL
Allowance for Credit Losses
AFS
Available-for-Sale
ALCO
Asset-Liability Management Committee
ALLL
Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses
ANPR
Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
ASC
Accounting Standards Codification
ATM
Automated Teller Machine
AULC
Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments
Basel III
Refers to the final rule issued by the FRB and OCC and published in the Federal Register on October 11, 2013
BHC
Bank Holding Companies
BHC Act
Bank Holding Company Act of 1956
C&I
Commercial and Industrial
Camco Financial
Camco Financial Corp.
CCAR
Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review
CDO
Collateralized Debt Obligations
CDs
Certificate of Deposit
CET1
Common equity tier 1 on a transitional Basel III basis
CFPB
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
CISA
Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act
CMO
Collateralized Mortgage Obligations
CRA
Community Reinvestment Act
CRE
Commercial Real Estate
CREVF
Commercial Real Estate and Vehicle Finance
DIF
Deposit Insurance Fund
Dodd-Frank Act
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
EPS
Earnings Per Share
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FDICIA
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991
FHA
Federal Housing Administration
FHC
Financial Holding Company
FHLB
Federal Home Loan Bank
FICO
Fair Isaac Corporation
FIRSTMERIT
FirstMerit Corporation
FRB
Federal Reserve Bank
FTE
Fully-Taxable Equivalent
FTP
Funds Transfer Pricing
GAAP
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America
HAA
Huntington Asset Advisors, Inc.
HASI
Huntington Asset Services, Inc.
HQLA
High-Quality Liquid Assets
HTM
Held-to-Maturity
IRS
Internal Revenue Service
LCR
Liquidity Coverage Ratio
LIBOR
London Interbank Offered Rate
LGD
Loss-Given-Default
LIHTC
Low Income Housing Tax Credit

4


LTV
Loan to Value
NAICS
North American Industry Classification System
Macquarie
Macquarie Equipment Finance, Inc. (U.S. Operations)
MBS
Mortgage-Backed Securities
MD&A
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
MSA
Metropolitan Statistical Area
MSR
Mortgage Servicing Rights
NALs
Nonaccrual Loans
NCO
Net Charge-off
NII
Noninterest Income
NIM
Net Interest Margin
NPAs
Nonperforming Assets
N.R.
Not relevant. Denominator of calculation is a gain in the current period compared with a loss in the prior period, or vice-versa
OCC
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
OCI
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
OCR
Optimal Customer Relationship
OLEM
Other Loans Especially Mentioned
OREO
Other Real Estate Owned
OTTI
Other-Than-Temporary Impairment
PD
Probability-Of-Default
Plan
Huntington Bancshares Retirement Plan
Problem Loans
Includes nonaccrual loans and leases (Table 13), accruing loans and leases past due 90 days or more (Table 14), troubled debt restructured loans (Table 15), and criticized commercial loans (credit quality indicators section of Footnote 4).
RBHPCG
Regional Banking and The Huntington Private Client Group
REIT
Real Estate Investment Trust
RWA
Risk-Weighted Assets
SAD
Special Assets Division
SBA
Small Business Administration
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission
SERP
Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan
SRIP
Supplemental Retirement Income Plan
TCE
Tangible Common Equity
TDR
Troubled Debt Restructured loan
U.S. Treasury
U.S. Department of the Treasury
UCS
Uniform Classification System
Unified
Unified Financial Securities, Inc.
UPB
Unpaid Principal Balance
USDA
U.S. Department of Agriculture
VA
U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs
VIE
Variable Interest Entity
XBRL
eXtensible Business Reporting Language

5


Huntington Bancshares Incorporated
PART I
When we refer to "Huntington", "we", "our", "us", and "the Company" in this report, we mean Huntington Bancshares Incorporated and our consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context indicates that we refer only to the parent company, Huntington Bancshares Incorporated. When we refer to the "Bank" in this report, we mean our only bank subsidiary, The Huntington National Bank, and its subsidiaries.
Item 1: Business
We are a multi-state diversified regional bank holding company organized under Maryland law in 1966 and headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. We have 15,993 average full-time equivalent employees. Through the Bank, we have 150 years of serving the financial needs of our customers. Through our subsidiaries, we provide full-service commercial and consumer banking services, mortgage banking services, automobile financing, recreational vehicle and marine financing, equipment leasing, investment management, trust services, brokerage services, insurance programs, and other financial products and services. The Bank, organized in 1866, is our only bank subsidiary. At December 31, 2016, the Bank had 24 private client group offices and 1,091 branches as follows:
 
 
•    523 branches in Ohio
  
•    39 branches in Illinois
 
 
•    353 branches in Michigan
  
•    37 branches in Wisconsin
 
 
•    53 branches in Pennsylvania
  
•    30 branches in West Virginia
 
 
•    46 branches in Indiana
  
•    10 branches in Kentucky
 
Select financial services and other activities are also conducted in various other states. International banking services are available through the headquarters office in Columbus, Ohio. Our foreign banking activities, in total or with any individual country, are not significant.
Our business segments are based on our internally-aligned segment leadership structure, which is how we monitor results and assess performance. For each of our five business segments, we expect the combination of our business model and exceptional service to provide a competitive advantage that supports revenue and earnings growth. Our business model emphasizes the delivery of a complete set of banking products and services offered by larger banks, but distinguished by local delivery and customer service.
A key strategic emphasis has been for our business segments to operate in cooperation to provide products and services to our customers and to build stronger and more profitable relationships using our OCR sales and service process. The objectives of OCR are to:
1.Use a consultative sales approach to provide solutions that are specific to each customer.
2.Leverage each business segment in terms of its products and expertise to benefit customers.
3.Develop prospects who may want to have multiple products and services as part of their relationship with us.

Following is a description of our five business segments and a Treasury / Other function:
Consumer and Business Banking: The Consumer and Business Banking segment provides a wide array of financial products and services to consumer and small business customers including but not limited to checking accounts, savings accounts, money market accounts, certificates of deposit, investments, consumer loans, credit cards and small business loans. Other financial services available to consumer and small business customers include mortgages, insurance, interest rate risk protection, foreign exchange, and treasury management. Huntington serves customers through our network of branches in Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. In addition to our extensive branch network, customers can access Huntington through online banking, mobile banking, telephone banking and ATMs.
We have a "Fair Play" banking philosophy; providing differentiated products and services, built on a strong foundation of customer advocacy. Our brand resonates with consumers and businesses; earning us new customers and deeper relationships with current customers.

6


Business Banking is a dynamic part of our business and we are committed to being the bank of choice for businesses in our markets. Business Banking is defined as serving companies with revenues up to $20 million and consists of approximately 254,000 businesses. Huntington continues to develop products and services that are designed specifically to meet the needs of small business and look for ways to help companies find solutions to their financing needs.
Commercial Banking: Through a relationship banking model, this segment provides a wide array of products and services to the middle market, large corporate, and government public sector customers located primarily within our geographic footprint. The segment is divided into seven business units: middle market, large corporate, specialty banking, asset finance, capital markets, treasury management, and insurance.
Middle Market Banking primarily focuses on providing banking solutions to companies with annual revenues of $20 million to $500 million. Through a relationship management approach, various products, capabilities and solutions are seamlessly delivered in a client centric way.
Large Corporate Banking works with larger, often more complex companies with revenues greater than $500 million. These entities, many of which are publicly traded, require a different and customized approach to their banking needs.
Specialty Banking offers tailored products and services to select industries that have a foothold in the Midwest. Each team is comprised of industry experts with a dynamic understanding of the market and industry. Many of these industries are experiencing tremendous change, which creates opportunities for Huntington to leverage our expertise and help clients navigate, adapt, and succeed.
Asset Finance is a combination of our Equipment Finance, Public Capital, Asset Based Lending, Technology and Healthcare Equipment Leasing, and Lender Finance divisions that focus on providing financing solutions against these respective asset classes.
Capital Markets has two distinct product offerings: corporate risk management services and institutional sales, trading, and underwriting. The Capital Markets Group offers a full suite of risk management tools including commodities, foreign exchange, and interest rate hedging services. The Institutional Sales, Trading & Underwriting team provides access to capital and investment solutions for both municipal and corporate institutions.
Treasury Management teams help businesses manage their working capital programs and reduce expenses. Our liquidity solutions help customers save and invest wisely, while our payables and receivables capabilities help them manage purchases and the receipt of payments for goods and services. All of this is provided while helping customers take a sophisticated approach to managing their overhead, inventory, equipment, and labor.
Insurance brokerage business specializes in commercial property and casualty, employee benefits, personal lines, life, disability and specialty lines of insurance. The group also provides brokerage and agency services for residential and commercial title insurance and excess and surplus product lines of insurance. As an agent and broker, this business does not assume underwriting risks but alternatively provides our customers with access to quality, noninvestment insurance contracts.
Commercial Real Estate and Vehicle Finance: This segment provides lending and other banking products and services to customers outside of our traditional retail and commercial banking segments. Our products and services include providing financing for land, buildings, and other commercial real estate owned or constructed by real estate developers, automobile dealerships, or other customers with real estate project financing needs, and financing for the purchase of automobiles, light-duty trucks, recreational vehicles and marine craft at franchised dealerships, financing the acquisition of new and used vehicle inventory of franchised automotive dealerships. Products and services are delivered through highly specialized relationship-focused bankers and product partners. Huntington creates well-defined relationship plans which identify needs where solutions are developed and customer commitments are obtained.
The Commercial Real Estate team serves real estate developers, REITs, and other customers with lending needs that are secured by commercial properties. Most of these customers are located within our footprint. Within Commercial Real Estate, Huntington Community Development focuses on improving the quality of life for our communities and the residents of low-to moderate-income neighborhoods by developing and delivering innovative products and services to support affordable housing and neighborhood stabilization.

7


The Vehicle Finance team services automobile dealerships, its owners, and consumers buying automobiles through these franchised dealerships. Huntington has provided new and used automobile financing and dealer services throughout the Midwest since the early 1950s. This consistency in the market and our focus on working with strong dealerships has allowed us to expand into select markets outside of the Midwest and to actively deepen relationships while building a strong reputation. RV and marine loans are originated on an indirect basis through a series of dealerships.
Regional Banking and The Huntington Private Client Group: Regional Banking and The Huntington Private Client Group is closely aligned with our regional banking markets. A fundamental point of differentiation is our commitment to be actively engaged within our local markets - building connections with community and business leaders and offering a uniquely personal experience delivered by colleagues working within those markets.
The core business of The Huntington Private Client Group is The Huntington Private Bank, which consists of Private Banking, Wealth & Investment Management, and Retirement plan services. The Huntington Private Bank provides high net-worth customers with deposit, lending (including specialized lending options), and banking services. The Huntington Private Bank also delivers wealth management and legacy planning through investment and portfolio management, fiduciary administration, and trust services. This group also provides retirement plan services to corporate businesses. The Huntington Private Client Group also provides corporate trust services and institutional and mutual fund custody services.
Home Lending: Home Lending originates and services consumer loans and mortgages for customers who are generally located in our primary banking markets. Consumer and mortgage lending products are primarily distributed through the Consumer and Business Banking and Regional Banking and The Huntington Private Client Group segments, as well as through commissioned loan originators.  Home Lending earns interest on portfolio loans and loans held-for-sale, earns fee income from the origination and servicing of mortgage loans, and recognizes gains or losses from the sale of mortgage loans. Home Lending supports the origination and servicing of mortgage loans across all segments.
The Treasury / Other function includes technology and operations, other unallocated assets, liabilities, revenue, and expense.
The financial results for each of these business segments are included in Note 24 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and are discussed in the Business Segment Discussion of our MD&A.
Business Combination
On August 16, 2016, Huntington completed its acquisition of FirstMerit Corporation in a stock and cash transaction valued at approximately $3.7 billion. FirstMerit Corporation was a diversified financial services company headquartered in Akron, Ohio, with operations in Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Pennsylvania. Post acquisition, Huntington now operates across an eight-state Midwestern footprint. The acquisition resulted in a combined company with a larger market presence and more diversified loan portfolio, as well as a larger core deposit funding base and economies of scale associated with a larger financial institution. For further discussion, see Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Competition
We compete with other banks and financial services companies such as savings and loans, credit unions, and finance and trust companies, as well as mortgage banking companies, automobile and equipment financing companies (including captive automobile finance companies), insurance companies, mutual funds, investment advisors, and brokerage firms, both within and outside of our primary market areas. FinTech startups are also providing nontraditional, but increasingly strong, competition for our borrowers, depositors, and other customers.
We compete for loans primarily on the basis of a combination of value and service by building customer relationships as a result of addressing our customers’ entire suite of banking needs, demonstrating expertise, and providing convenience to our customers. We also consider the competitive pricing pressures in each of our markets.
We compete for deposits similarly on a basis of a combination of value and service and by providing convenience through a banking network of branches and ATMs within our markets and our website at www.huntington.com. We have also instituted customer friendly practices, such as our 24-Hour Grace® account feature, which gives customers an additional business day to cover overdrafts to their consumer account without being charged overdraft fees.
The table below shows our combined Huntington and FirstMerit competitive ranking and market share based on deposits of FDIC-insured institutions as of June 30, 2016, in the top 10 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) in which we compete:
 

8


MSA
 
Rank
 
Deposits
(in millions)
 
Market Share
Columbus, OH
 
1

 
$
20,453

 
32
%
Cleveland, OH
 
5

 
8,976

 
14

Detroit, MI
 
7

 
6,542

 
5

Akron, OH
 
1

 
5,611

 
39

Indianapolis, IN
 
4

 
3,272

 
7

Cincinnati, OH
 
4

 
2,727

 
3

Pittsburgh, PA
 
9

 
2,689

 
2

Chicago, IL
 
16

 
2,581

 
1

Toledo, OH
 
1

 
2,474

 
25

Grand Rapids, MI
 
2

 
2,466

 
12

Source: FDIC.gov, based on June 30, 2016 survey.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Many of our nonfinancial institution competitors have fewer regulatory constraints, broader geographic service areas, greater capital, and, in some cases, lower cost structures. In addition, competition for quality customers has intensified as a result of changes in regulation, advances in technology and product delivery systems, consolidation among financial service providers, and bank failures.
Financial Technology, or FinTech, startups are emerging in key areas of banking.  In response, we are monitoring activity in marketplace lending along with businesses engaged in money transfer, investment advice, and money management tools. Our strategy involves assessing the marketplace, determining our near term plan, while developing a longer term approach to effectively service our existing customers and attract new customers. This includes evaluating which products we develop in-house, as well as evaluating partnership options, where applicable.
Regulatory Matters
General
We are subject to supervision, regulation and examination by various federal and state regulators, including the Federal Reserve, OCC, SEC, CFPB, FDIC, FINRA, and various state regulatory agencies. The statutory and regulatory framework that governs us is generally intended to protect depositors and customers, the DIF, the banking and financial system, and financial markets as a whole. Any change in the statutes, regulations or regulatory policies applicable to us, including changes in their interpretation or implementation, could have a material effect on our business or organization.
The banking industry is highly regulated. During the past several years, there has been a significant increase in regulation and regulatory oversight of U.S. financial services firms, primarily resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act implements numerous and far-reaching changes that affect financial companies, including banking organizations. Many of the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act and other laws are subject to further rulemaking, guidance and interpretation by the applicable federal regulators. Some of the regulations related to these reforms are still in the implementation stage and, as a result, there is significant uncertainty concerning their ultimate impact on us.
The following discussion describes certain elements of the comprehensive regulatory framework applicable to us.
Supervision, Regulation and Examination
Huntington is registered as a BHC with the Federal Reserve under the BHC Act and qualifies for and has elected to become a FHC under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. As a FHC, Huntington is subject to primary supervision, regulation and examination by the Federal Reserve, and is permitted to engage in, and be affiliated with companies engaging in, a broader range of activities than permitted for a BHC, including underwriting, dealing and making markets in securities, and making merchant banking investments in non-financial companies. Huntington and the Bank must each remain “well-capitalized” and “well-managed” in order for Huntington to maintain its status as a FHC. In addition, the Bank must receive a CRA rating of at least “Satisfactory” at its most recent examination for Huntington to engage in the full range of activities permissible for FHCs.

9


The Bank is a national banking association chartered under the laws of the United States and is subject to comprehensive primary supervision, regulation and examination by the OCC. As a national bank, the activities of the Bank are limited to those specifically authorized under the National Bank Act and related regulations and interpretations by the OCC. As a member of the DIF, the Bank is also subject to regulation and examination by the FDIC. In addition, the Bank is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the CFPB, which is the primary administrator of most federal consumer financial statutes and the primary consumer financial regulator of banking organizations with $10 billion or more in assets.
Under the system of “functional regulation” established under the BHC Act, the Federal Reserve serves as the primary regulator of our consolidated organization. The primary regulators of our non-bank subsidiaries directly regulate the activities of those subsidiaries, with the Federal Reserve exercising a supervisory role. Such “functionally regulated” non-bank subsidiaries include, for example, broker-dealers registered with the SEC and investment advisers registered with the SEC with respect to their investment advisory activities.
Regulatory Capital Requirements
Huntington and the Bank are subject to certain risk-based capital and leverage ratio requirements. The Federal Reserve establishes capital and leverage requirements for Huntington and evaluates its compliance with such requirements. The OCC establishes similar capital and leverage requirements for the Bank. In 2013, the Federal Reserve and OCC issued final rules (and the FDIC issued interim final rules that were adopted as final rules in April 2014) to implement the Basel III capital accord, as well as certain requirements of the Dodd-Frank Act. The final capital rules made a number of significant changes to the regulatory capital ratios applicable to Huntington and the Bank, as well as all other banks and BHCs of their size. In addition, the capital rules modified the types of capital instruments that may be included in regulatory capital and how certain assets are risk-weighted for purposes of these calculations.
Under the final capital rules, Huntington and the Bank must maintain a minimum CET1 risk-based ratio, a minimum Tier I risk-based capital ratio, a minimum total risk-based capital ratio, and a minimum leverage ratio. The final capital rules also limit capital distributions and certain discretionary bonuses if a banking organization does not maintain certain capital ratios. The preamble to the final capital rules states that these quantitative calculations are minimums and that the agencies may determine that a banking organization, based on its size, complexity or risk profile, must maintain a higher level of capital in order to be operate in a safe and sound manner.
In addition, the final capital rules generally provide that trust preferred securities and certain preferred securities no longer count as Tier I capital. Banking organizations with more than $15 billion in total consolidated assets were required to phase-out of additional Tier 1 capital any non-qualifying capital instruments (such as trust preferred securities and cumulative preferred shares) issued before September 12, 2010. We have phased out the additional tier 1 capital treatment of our trust preferred securities but are including these instruments in tier 2 capital as allowed by Basel III.
The final capital rules take effect in phases. Huntington and the Bank were required to be in compliance with certain calculation requirements and begin transitioning to other requirements by January 1, 2015, with full compliance with the modified calculations on January 1, 2019. The rules concerning capital conservation and countercyclical capital buffers became effective on January 1, 2016.
The following are the minimum Basel III regulatory capital levels that we must satisfy to avoid limitations on capital distributions and discretionary bonus payments during the applicable transition period, from January 1, 2016, until January 1, 2019:
 
Minimum Basel III Regulatory Capital Levels
 
January 1,
2016
 
January 1,
2017
 
January 1,
2018
 
January 1,
2019
Common equity tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
5.125
%
 
5.75
%
 
6.375
%
 
7.0
%
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
6.625
%
 
7.25
%
 
7.875
%
 
8.5
%
Total risk-based capital ratio
8.625
%
 
9.25
%
 
9.875
%
 
10.5
%
Failure to meet applicable capital guidelines may subject a financial institution to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal regulatory authorities. These include limitations on the ability to pay dividends, the issuance by the regulatory authority of a directive to increase capital, and the termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC. In addition, the financial institution could be subject to the measures described below under “Prompt Corrective Action” as applicable to under-capitalized institutions.

10


Huntington’s regulatory capital ratios and those of the Bank were in excess of the levels established for well-capitalized institutions throughout 2016. An institution is deemed to be “well-capitalized” if it meets or exceeds the well-capitalized minimums listed below, and is not subject to a regulatory order, agreement, or directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2016
(dollar amounts in billions)
 
 
Well-capitalized minimums
 
Actual
 
Excess
Capital (1)
Ratios:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tier 1 leverage ratio
Consolidated
 
N/A

 
8.70
%
 
N/A

 
Bank
 
5.00
%
 
9.29

 
$
4.2

Common equity tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
Consolidated
 
N/A

 
9.56

 
N/A

 
Bank
 
6.50

 
10.42

 
3.1

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
Consolidated
 
6.00

 
10.92

 
2.7

 
Bank
 
8.00

 
11.61

 
1.3

Total risk-based capital ratio
Consolidated
 
10.00

 
13.05

 
2.4

 
Bank
 
10.00

 
13.83

 
3.0

(1)
Amount greater than the well-capitalized minimum percentage.
Enhanced Prudential Standards and Early Remediation Requirements
Under the Dodd-Frank Act, BHCs with consolidated assets of more than $50 billion, such as Huntington, are subject to certain enhanced prudential standards and early remediation requirements. As a result, Huntington is subject to more stringent standards and requirements, including liquidity and capital requirements, leverage limits, stress testing, risk management standards, than those applicable to smaller institutions. With regard to resiliency, we are expected to ensure that the consolidated organization and its core business lines can survive under a broad range of internal or external stresses. This requires financial resilience by maintaining sufficient capital and liquidity, and operational resilience by maintaining effective corporate governance, risk management, and recovery planning. With respect to lowering the probability of failure, we are expected to ensure the sustainability of our critical operations and banking offices under a broad range of internal or external stresses.
Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review
Huntington is required to submit a capital plan annually to the Federal Reserve for supervisory review in connection with its annual CCAR process. Huntington is required to include within its capital plan an assessment of the expected uses and sources of capital and a description of all planned capital actions over the planning horizon, a detailed description of the process for assessing capital adequacy, its capital policy, and a discussion of any expected changes to its business plan that are likely to have a material impact on its capital adequacy. The planning horizon for the most recently completed capital planning and stress testing cycle encompassed the nine-quarter period from the first quarter of 2016 through the first quarter of 2018.
Currently, the Federal Reserve may object to a BHC’s capital plan based on either quantitative or qualitative grounds. If the Federal Reserve objects to a BHC’s capital plan, the BHC may not make any capital distribution unless the Federal Reserve indicates in writing that it does not object to the distribution. Under CCAR, the Federal Reserve makes a qualitative assessment of capital adequacy on a forward-looking basis and reviews the strength of a BHC’s capital adequacy process. The Federal Reserve also makes a quantitative assessment of capital based on supervisory-run stress tests that assess the ability to maintain capital levels above certain minimum ratios, after taking all capital actions included in a BHC’s capital plan, under baseline and stressful conditions throughout a nine-quarter planning horizon. As part of CCAR, the Federal Reserve evaluates whether BHCs have sufficient capital to continue operations throughout times of economic and financial market stress and whether they have robust, forward-looking capital planning processes that account for their unique risks.
The Federal Reserve expects BHCs subject to CCAR, such as Huntington, to have sufficient capital to withstand a highly adverse operating environment and to be able to continue operations, maintain ready access to funding, meet obligations to creditors and counterparties, and serve as credit intermediaries. In addition, the Federal Reserve evaluates the planned capital actions of these BHCs, including planned capital distributions such as dividend payments or stock repurchases. We generally may pay dividends and repurchase stock only in accordance with a capital plan that has been reviewed by the Federal Reserve and as to which the Federal Reserve has not objected. In addition, we are generally prohibited from making a capital distribution unless, after giving effect to the distribution, we will meet all minimum regulatory capital ratios.

11


On September 30, 2016, the Federal Reserve issued a proposed rule to amend the capital plan and stress test rules for large and non-complex BHCs, such as Huntington, to provide, among other things, that beginning with the 2017 CCAR cycle, such BHCs would continue to submit a capital plan for quantitative assessment but would no longer be subject to a non-objection from a qualitative aspect. The Federal Reserve is proposing to evaluate the strength of a large and non-complex company’s qualitative capital planning process through the regular supervisory process and targeted horizontal reviews of particular aspects of capital planning. A final rule implementing the changes described above was issued on February 3, 2017.
Huntington submitted its 2016 capital plan to the Federal Reserve in April 2016. The Federal Reserve did not object to Huntington’s 2016 capital plan. Huntington is required and intends to submit to the Federal Reserve its capital plan for 2017 by April 5, 2017. There can be no assurance that the Federal Reserve will respond favorably to Huntington’s 2017 capital plan, capital actions or stress test results.
Stress Testing
The Dodd-Frank Act requires a semi-annual supervisory stress test of BHCs, including Huntington, with $50 billion or more of total consolidated assets. This Dodd-Frank Act supervisory stress testing is a forward-looking quantitative evaluation of the impact of stressful economic and financial market conditions on BHC capital. The Dodd-Frank Act also requires BHCs to conduct company-run annual and semi-annual stress tests, the results of which are filed with the Federal Reserve and publicly disclosed. A BHC’s ability to make capital distributions is limited to the extent the BHC’s actual capital levels are less than the amount indicated in its capital plan submission.
The Dodd-Frank Act also requires a national bank, such as the Bank, with total consolidated assets of more than $10 billion to conduct annual company-run stress tests. The objective of the annual company-run stress test is to ensure that covered institutions have robust, forward-looking capital planning processes that account for their unique risks, and to help ensure that institutions have sufficient capital to continue operations throughout times of economic and financial stress. A covered institution is required to publish a summary of the results of its annual stress tests.
Liquidity Coverage Ratio
On September 3, 2014, the U.S. banking regulators approved a final rule which became effective on January 1, 2015 to implement a minimum LCR requirement for banking organizations with total consolidated assets of $250 billion or more, and a less stringent modified LCR requirement to depository institution holding companies, such as Huntington, below the threshold but with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more. The LCR requires covered banking organizations to maintain HQLA equal to projected stressed cash outflows over a 30 calendar-day stress scenario. Huntington is covered by the “modified LCR” requirement and therefore subject to the phase-in of the rule beginning January 2016 at 90% and January 2017 at 100%. Huntington is required to calculate the LCR monthly. The LCR assigns less severe outflow assumptions to certain types of customer deposits, which should increase the demand, and perhaps the cost, among banks for these deposits. Additionally, the HQLA requirements has increased the demand for direct U.S. government and U.S. government-guaranteed debt that, while high quality, generally carry lower yields than other securities that banks hold in their investment portfolios.
Restrictions on Dividends
At the holding company level, Huntington relies on dividends, distributions and other payments from its subsidiaries, particularly the Bank, to fund the dividends paid to its shareholders, as well as to satisfy its debt and other obligations. Certain federal and state statutes, regulations and contractual restrictions limit the ability of our subsidiaries, including the Bank, to pay dividends to us. The OCC has authority to prohibit or limit the payment of dividends by the Bank if, in the OCC’s view, payment of a dividend would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice in light of the financial condition of the Bank.
In addition, Huntington’s ability to pay dividends or return capital to its shareholders, whether through an increase in common stock dividends or through a share repurchase program, is subject to the oversight of the Federal Reserve. The dividend and share repurchase policies of certain BHCs, such as Huntington, are reviewed by the Federal Reserve through the CCAR process, based on capital plans and stress tests submitted by the BHC, and are assessed against, among other things, the BHC’s ability to meet and exceed minimum regulatory capital ratios under stressed scenarios, its expected sources and uses of capital over the planning horizon under baseline and stressed scenarios, and any potential impact of changes to its business plan and activities on its capital adequacy and liquidity. The Federal Reserve’s capital planning rule includes a limitation on capital distributions to the extent that actual capital issuances are less than the amount indicated in the capital plan submission.

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Volcker Rule
The Dodd-Frank Act introduced restrictions to prohibit or restrict the ability of banking entities from engaging in short-term proprietary trading and sponsoring of or investing in private equity and hedge funds (the “Volcker Rule”). The final regulations implementing the Volcker Rule were adopted by the regulatory agencies on December 10, 2013.
The Volcker Rule and final regulations contain a number of exceptions to the prohibition on proprietary trading and sponsoring or acquiring any ownership interest in private equity or hedge funds (“covered funds”). The Volcker Rule permits banking entities to engage in certain activities such as underwriting, market-making and risk-mitigation hedging, and exempts from the definition of a covered fund certain entities, such as wholly-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures, and acquisitions vehicles, as well as SEC registered investment companies. In addition, the Volcker Rule limits certain types of transactions between a banking entity and any covered fund for which it serves as investment manager or investment advisor.
The final rules implementing the Volcker Rule extended the conformance period generally until July 21, 2015. On December 18, 2014, the Federal Reserve announced that it would give banking entities an additional one year, until July 21, 2016, to conform investments in and relationships with covered funds that were in place prior to December 31, 2013 (“legacy covered funds”). On July 7, 2016, the Federal Reserve granted banking entities an additional one-year extension of the conformance period until July 21, 2017, to conform ownership interests in and relationships to legacy covered funds. In February 2017, the Federal Reserve approved our application for an extended transition period with respect to certain legacy illiquid fund investments.
On January 14, 2014, the five federal agencies approved an interim final rule to permit banking entities to retain interests in certain collateralized debt obligations backed primarily by trust preferred securities from the investment prohibitions of the Volcker Rule. Under the interim final rule, the agencies permit the retention of an interest in or sponsorship of covered funds by banking entities if certain qualifications are met. In addition, the agencies released a non-exclusive list of issuers that meet the requirements of the interim final rule. At December 31, 2016, we had investments in seven different pools of trust preferred securities. Six of our pools are included in the list of non-exclusive issuers. We have analyzed the other pool that was not included on the list and believe that we will continue to be able to own this investment under the final Volcker Rule regulations as well.
Resolution Planning
As a BHC with assets of $50 billion or more, Huntington is required to submit annually to the Federal Reserve and the FDIC a plan for the orderly resolution of Huntington and its significant legal entities under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code or other applicable insolvency laws in a rapid and orderly fashion in the event of future material financial distress or failure (a “resolution plan”). If the Federal Reserve and the FDIC jointly determine that the resolution plan is not credible and the deficiencies are not cured in a timely manner, they may jointly impose on us more stringent capital, leverage or liquidity requirements or restrictions on our growth, activities or operations. In addition, the FDIC requires each insured depository institution with $50 billion or more in assets, such the Bank, periodically to file a resolution plan with the FDIC.
In July 2016, we were informed that the FDIC extended the date for submission of the Bank’s 2016 resolution plan to December 31, 2017. In August 2016, we were informed that the Federal Reserve and the FDIC also had extended the date for the submission of Huntington’s 2016 resolution plan to December 31, 2017. In each case, we were informed that the submission of a resolution plan in 2017 will satisfy the 2016 resolution plan requirement.
On September 29, 2016, the OCC published final guidelines establishing standards for recovery planning by insured national banks with average total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more, including the Bank. The final guidelines provide, among other things, that a covered bank should develop and maintain a recovery plan that is appropriate for its individual size, risk profile, activities, and complexity, including the complexity of its organizational and legal entity structure. OCC examiners will assess the appropriateness and adequacy of a covered bank’s ongoing recovery planning process as part of the agency’s regular supervisory activities. Our compliance date is within 18 months from January 1, 2017.
Source of Strength
Huntington is required to serve as a source of financial and managerial strength to the Bank and to commit resources to support the Bank. This support may be required by the Federal Reserve at times when we might otherwise determine not to provide it or when doing so is not otherwise in the interests of Huntington or our stockholders or creditors. The Federal Reserve may require a BHC to make capital injections into a troubled subsidiary bank and may charge the BHC with engaging in unsafe and unsound practices if the BHC fails to commit resources to such a subsidiary bank or if it undertakes actions that the Federal Reserve believes might jeopardize the BHC’s ability to commit resources to such subsidiary bank.

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Prompt Corrective Action
FDICIA requires federal banking agencies to take “prompt corrective action” against banks that do not meet minimum capital requirements. Under this regime, the FDICIA imposes progressively more restrictive constraints on a bank’s operations, management and capital distributions, depending on the capital category in which an institution is classified. For instance, only a well-capitalized bank may accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval and an adequately capitalized bank may only do so with such prior approval.
Under FDICIA, five capital levels or categories are established: well capitalized; adequately capitalized; undercapitalized; significantly undercapitalized; and critically undercapitalized. These capital categories are determined solely for purposes of applying the prompt corrective action provisions, and such capital categories may not constitute an accurate representation of our overall financial condition or prospects. An institution may be downgraded to, or deemed to be in, a capital category that is lower than is indicated by its capital ratios if it is determined to be in an unsafe or unsound condition or if it receives an unsatisfactory examination rating with respect to certain matters. FDICIA imposes progressively more restrictive constraints on operations, management and capital distributions, as the capital category of an institution declines. Failure to meet the capital requirements could also require a depository institution to raise capital. Ultimately, critically undercapitalized institutions are subject to the appointment of a receiver or conservator.
Upon the insolvency of an insured depository institution, such as the Bank, the FDIC may be appointed as the conservator or receiver of the institution. The FDIC has broad powers to transfer any assets and liabilities without the approval of the institution’s creditors.
Transactions between a Bank and its Affiliates
Federal banking laws and regulations impose qualitative standards and quantitative limitations upon certain transactions between a bank and its affiliates, including between a bank and its holding company and companies that the BHC may be deemed to control for these purposes. Transactions covered by these provisions must be on arm’s-length terms, and cannot exceed certain amounts which are determined with reference to the bank’s regulatory capital. Moreover, if the transaction is a loan or other extension of credit, it must be secured by collateral in an amount and quality expressly prescribed by statute, and if the affiliate is unable to pledge sufficient collateral, the BHC may be required to provide it. The Dodd-Frank Act expanded the coverage and scope of these regulations, including by applying them to the credit exposure arising under derivative transactions, repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and lending transactions.
Heightened Governance and Risk Management Standards
The OCC has published final guidelines to update expectations for the governance and risk management practices of certain large financial institutions, including national banks with $50 billion or more in average total consolidated assets, such as the Bank. The guidelines, which became effective on November 10, 2014, require covered banks to establish and adhere to a written governance framework in order to manage and control their risk-taking activities. In addition, the guidelines provide standards for the institutions’ boards of directors to oversee the risk governance framework. Given its size and the phased implementation schedule, the Bank became subject to these heightened standards effective May 2016. As discussed in Item 1A: Risk Factors, the Bank currently has a written governance framework and associated controls.
Anti-Money Laundering
The Bank Secrecy Act, as amended by the Patriot Act, contains anti-money laundering and financial transparency laws and mandated the implementation of various regulations applicable to all financial institutions, including standards for verifying client identification at account opening, and obligations to monitor client transactions and report suspicious activities.
The Patriot Act is intended to strengthen the ability of U.S. law enforcement agencies and intelligence communities to cooperate in the prevention, detection and prosecution of international money laundering and the financing of terrorism. The Patriot Act contains anti-money laundering measures requiring insured depository institutions, broker-dealers, and certain other financial institutions to have policies, procedures, and controls to detect, prevent, and report money laundering and terrorist financing. Failure to comply with these regulations may result in fines, penalties, lawsuits, regulatory sanctions, reputation damage, or restrictions on business. Federal banking regulators are required, when reviewing bank holding company acquisition and bank merger applications, to take into account the effectiveness of the anti-money laundering activities of the applicants.

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Privacy
Federal law contains extensive consumer privacy protection provisions, including substantial consumer privacy protections provided under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. Under these provisions, a financial institution must provide to its customers, at the inception of the customer relationship and generally annually thereafter, the institution’s policies and procedures regarding the handling and safeguarding of customers’ nonpublic personal information. These provisions also provide that, except for certain limited exceptions, an institution may not provide such nonpublic personal information to unaffiliated third parties unless the institution discloses to the customer that such information may be so provided and the customer is given the opportunity to opt out of such disclosure. Federal law makes it a criminal offense, except in limited circumstances, to obtain or attempt to obtain customer information of a financial nature by fraudulent or deceptive means.
FDIC Insurance
DIF provides insurance coverage for certain deposits, which is funded through assessments on banks. The Bank accepts deposits that are insured by the DIF. As a DIF member, the Bank must pay insurance premiums. The FDIC may take action to increase the Bank’s insurance premiums based on various factors, including the FDIC’s assessment of its risk profile. The Dodd-Frank Act required the FDIC to change the deposit insurance assessment base from deposits to average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity. In March 2016, the FDIC issued a final rule to increase the DIF from 1.15% to the statutorily required minimum level of 1.35%. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, banks with $10 billion or more in total assets, such as the Bank, are responsible for funding this increase.
On November 15, 2016, the FDIC adopted a final rule to facilitate prompt payment of FDIC-insured deposits when large insured depository institutions (those with more than two million deposit accounts) fail. The final rule, which is expected to become effective on April 1, 2017, requires us to configure our information technology system to be capable of calculating the insured and uninsured amount in each deposit account by ownership right and capacity, which would be used by the FDIC to make deposit insurance determinations in the event of our failure, and maintain complete and accurate information needed by the FDIC to determine deposit insurance coverage with respect to each deposit account, except as otherwise provided. We will have three years after the effective date for implementation.
Compensation
Our compensation practices are subject to oversight by the Federal Reserve and, with respect to some of our subsidiaries and employees, by other financial regulatory bodies. The scope and content of compensation regulation in the financial industry are continuing to develop, and we expect that these regulations and resulting market practices will continue to evolve over a number of years.
The federal bank regulatory agencies have provided guidance designed to ensure that incentive compensation arrangements at banking organizations take into account risk and are consistent with safe and sound practices. The guidance provides that supervisory findings with respect to incentive compensation will be incorporated, as appropriate, into the organization’s supervisory ratings, which can affect its ability to make acquisitions or perform other actions. The guidance also provides that enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements or related risk management, control or governance processes pose a risk to the organization’s safety and soundness.
In 2016 the federal banking regulatory agencies, including the Federal Reserve, the OCC and the SEC, jointly proposed a rule to implement Section 956 of the Dodd-Frank Act. Section 956 generally requires the federal bank regulatory agencies to jointly issue regulations or guidelines: (1) prohibiting incentive-based payment arrangements that the agencies determine encourage inappropriate risks by certain financial institutions by providing excessive compensation or that could lead to material financial loss; and (2) requiring those financial institutions to disclose information concerning incentive-based compensation arrangements to the appropriate federal regulator.
Cyber Security
The CISA, which became effective on December 18, 2015, is intended to improve cyber security in the United States by enhanced sharing of information about security threats among the U.S. government and private sector entities, including financial institutions. The CISA also authorizes companies to monitor their own systems notwithstanding any other provision of law, and allows companies to carry out defensive measures on their own systems from cyber-attacks. The law includes liability protections for companies that share cyber threat information with third parties so long as such sharing activity is conducted in accordance with CISA.

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Enhanced Cyber Risk Management Standards
On November 22, 2016, the federal banking agencies released an ANPR regarding enhanced cyber risk management standards (enhanced standards) for large and interconnected entities under their supervision. The agencies stated that they were considering establishing enhanced standards to increase the operational resilience of covered entities and reduce the impact on the financial system in case of a cyber event experienced by a covered entity. The ANPR describes potential enhanced cyber standards that are divided into five general categories: cyber risk governance; cyber risk management; internal dependency management; external dependency management; and incident response, cyber resilience, and situational awareness. The agencies are considering implementing the enhanced standards in a tiered manner, imposing more stringent standards on the systems of those entities that are critical to the functioning of the financial sector. The Federal Reserve is considering applying the enhanced standards on an enterprise-wide basis to all BHCs, such as us, with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more. The OCC is considering applying the standards to any national bank, such as the Bank, that is a subsidiary of a bank holding company with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more.
Community Reinvestment Act
The CRA requires the Bank’s primary federal bank regulatory agency, the OCC, to assess the bank’s record in meeting the credit needs of the communities served by the Bank, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods and persons. Institutions are assigned one of four ratings: “Outstanding,” “Satisfactory,” “Needs to Improve” or “Substantial Noncompliance.” This assessment is reviewed for any bank that applies to merge or consolidate with or acquire the assets or assume the liabilities of an insured depository institution, or to open or relocate a branch office. The CRA record of each subsidiary bank of a BHC, such as the Bank, also is assessed by the Federal Reserve in connection with any acquisition or merger application.
CFPB Regulation and Supervision
We are subject to supervision and regulation by the CFPB with respect to federal consumer protection laws, including laws relating to fair lending and the prohibition of unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices in connection with the offer, sale or provision of consumer financial products and services.
On October 3, 2015, the CFPB’s final rules on integrated mortgage disclosures under the Truth in Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act became effective. On January 1, 2016, most requirements of the OCC’s Final Rule in Loans in Areas Having Special Flood Hazards (the Flood Final Rule) became effective, including the requirement that flood insurance premiums and fees for most mortgage loans be escrowed subject to certain exceptions. The Flood Final Rule also incorporated other existing flood insurance requirements and exceptions (e.g. the exemption from flood insurance requirements for non-residential detached structures - a discretionary item) with those portions of the Flood Final Rule becoming effective on October 1, 2015.
Throughout 2016, the CFPB continued its focus on fair lending practices of indirect automobile lenders. This focus led to some lenders to enter into consent orders with the CFPB and Department of Justice. Indirect automobile lenders have also received continued pressure from the CFPB to limit or eliminate discretionary pricing by dealers. Finally, the CFPB has implemented its larger participant rule for indirect automobile lending which brings larger non-bank indirect automobile lenders under CFPB supervision.
Banking regulatory agencies have increasingly used their authority under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act to take supervisory or enforcement action with respect to unfair or deceptive acts or practices by banks under standards developed many years ago by the Federal Trade Commission in order to address practices that may not necessarily fall within the scope of a specific banking or consumer finance law.  The Dodd-Frank Act also gave to the CFPB similar authority to take action in connection with unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices by entities subject to CFPB supervisory or enforcement authority.  Banks face considerable uncertainty as to the regulatory interpretation of “abusive” practices.
Available Information
This information may be read and copied at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet web site that contains reports, proxy statements, and other information about issuers, like us, who file electronically with the SEC. The address of the site is http://www.sec.gov. The reports and other information filed by us with the SEC are also available free of charge at our Internet web site. The address of the site is http://www.huntington.com. Except as specifically incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K, information on those web sites is not part of this report. You also should be able to inspect reports, proxy statements, and other information about us at the offices of the NASDAQ National Market at 33 Whitehall Street, New York, New York.


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Item 1A: Risk Factors
Risk Governance
We use a multi-faceted approach to risk governance. It begins with the board of directors defining our risk appetite as aggregate moderate-to-low. This does not preclude engagement in select higher risk activities. Rather, the definition is intended to represent an aggregate view of where we want our overall risk to be managed.
Three board committees primarily oversee implementation of this desired risk appetite and monitoring of our risk profile:
The Audit Committee oversees the integrity of the consolidated financial statements, including policies, procedures, and practices regarding the preparation of financial statements, the financial reporting process, disclosures, and internal control over financial reporting. The Audit Committee also provides assistance to the board in overseeing the internal audit division and the independent registered public accounting firm’s qualifications and independence; compliance with our Financial Code of Ethics for the chief executive officer and senior financial officers; and compliance with corporate securities trading policies.
The Risk Oversight Committee assists the board of directors in overseeing management of material risks, the approval and monitoring of the Company’s capital position and plan supporting our overall aggregate moderate-to-low risk profile, the risk governance structure, compliance with applicable laws and regulations, and determining adherence to the board’s stated risk appetite. The committee has oversight responsibility with respect to the full range of inherent risks: market, credit, liquidity, legal, compliance/regulatory, operational, strategic, and reputational. This committee also oversees our capital management and planning process, ensures that the amount and quality of capital are adequate in relation to expected and unexpected risks, and that our capital levels exceed “well-capitalized” requirements.
The Technology Committee assists the board of directors in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to all technology, cyber security, and third-party risk management strategies and plans. The committee is charged with evaluating Huntington’s capability to properly perform all technology functions necessary for its business plan, including projected growth, technology capacity, planning, operational execution, product development, and management capacity. The committee provides oversight of technology investments and plans to drive efficiency as well as to meet defined standards for risk, security, and redundancy. The Committee oversees the allocation of technology costs and ensures that they are understood by the board of directors. The Technology Committee monitors and evaluates innovation and technology trends that may affect the Company’s strategic plans, including monitoring of overall industry trends. The Technology Committee reviews and provides oversight of the company’s continuity and disaster recovery planning and preparedness.
The Audit and Risk Oversight Committees routinely hold executive sessions with our key officers engaged in accounting and risk management. On a periodic basis, the two committees meet in joint session to cover matters relevant to both, such as the construct and appropriateness of the ACL, which is reviewed quarterly. All directors have access to information provided to each committee and all scheduled meetings are open to all directors.
Further, through its Compensation Committee, the board of directors seeks to ensure its system of rewards is risk-sensitive and aligns the interests of management, creditors, and shareholders. We utilize a variety of compensation-related tools to induce appropriate behavior, including common stock ownership thresholds for the chief executive officer and certain members of senior management, a requirement to hold until retirement or exit from the Company, a portion of net shares received upon exercise of stock options or release of restricted stock awards (50% for executive officers and 25% for other award recipients), equity deferrals, recoupment provisions, and the right to terminate compensation plans at any time.
Management has implemented an Enterprise Risk Management and Risk Appetite Framework. Critically important is our self-assessment process, in which each business segment produces an analysis of its risks and the strength of its risk controls. The segment analyses are combined with assessments by our risk management organization of major risk sectors (e.g., credit, market, liquidity, operational, legal, compliance, reputational, and strategic) to produce an overall enterprise risk assessment. Outcomes of the process include a determination of the quality of the overall control process, the direction of risk, and our position compared to the defined risk appetite.
Management also utilizes a wide series of metrics (key risk indicators) to monitor risk positions throughout the Company. In general, a range for each metric is established, which allows the Company, in aggregate, to operate within an aggregate moderate-to-low risk profile. Deviations from the range will indicate if the risk being measured exceeds desired tolerance, which may then necessitate corrective action.
We also have four executive level committees to manage risk: ALCO, Credit Policy and Strategy, Risk Management, and Capital Management. Each committee focuses on specific categories of risk and is supported by a series of subcommittees that are tactical in nature. We believe this structure helps ensure appropriate escalation of issues and overall communication of strategies.

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Huntington utilizes three lines of defense with regard to risk management: (1) business segments, (2) corporate risk management, and (3) internal audit and credit review. To induce greater ownership of risk within its business segments, segment risk officers have been embedded in the business to identify and monitor risk, elevate and remediate issues, establish controls, perform self-testing, and oversee the self-assessment process. Corporate Risk Management establishes policies, sets operating limits, reviews new or modified products/processes, ensures consistency and quality assurance within the segments, and produces the enterprise risk assessment. The Chief Risk Officer has significant input into the design and outcome of incentive compensation plans as they apply to risk. Internal Audit and Credit Review provide additional assurance that risk-related functions are operating as intended.
Risk Overview
We, like other financial companies, are subject to a number of risks that may adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations, many of which are outside of our direct control, though efforts are made to manage those risks while optimizing returns. Among the risks assumed are:
Credit risk, which is the risk of loss due to loan and lease customers or other counterparties not being able to meet their financial obligations under agreed upon terms;
Market risk, which occurs when fluctuations in interest rates impact earnings and capital. Financial impacts are realized through changes in the interest rates of balance sheet assets and liabilities (net interest margin) or directly through valuation changes of capitalized MSR and/or trading assets (noninterest income);
Liquidity risk, which is the risk to current or anticipated earnings or capital arising from an inability to meet obligations when they come due. Liquidity risk includes the inability to access funding sources or manage fluctuations in funding levels. Liquidity risk also results from the failure to recognize or address changes in market conditions that affect the Bank’s ability to liquidate assets quickly and with minimal loss in value;
Operational and legal risk, which is the risk of loss arising from inadequate or failed internal processes or systems, human errors or misconduct, or adverse external events. Operational losses result from internal fraud; external fraud, inadequate or inappropriate employment practices and workplace safety, failure to meet professional obligations involving customers, products, and business practices, damage to physical assets, business disruption and systems failures, and failures in execution, delivery, and process management.  Legal risk includes, but is not limited to, exposure to orders, fines, penalties, or punitive damages resulting from litigation, as well as regulatory actions;
Compliance risk, which exposes us to money penalties, enforcement actions or other sanctions as a result of non-conformance with laws, rules, and regulations that apply to the financial services industry; and
Strategic risk, which is defined as risk to current or anticipated earnings, capital, or enterprise value arising from adverse business decisions, improper implementation of business decisions or lack of responsiveness to industry / market changes.
We also expend considerable effort to protect our reputation. Reputation risk does not easily lend itself to traditional methods of measurement. Rather, we closely monitor it through processes such as new product / initiative reviews, colleague and client surveys, monitoring media tone, periodic discussions between management and our board, and other such efforts.
In addition to the other information included or incorporated by reference into this report, readers should carefully consider that the following important factors, among others, could negatively impact our business, future results of operations, and future cash flows materially.
Credit Risks:
1. Our ACL level may prove to be inappropriate or be negatively affected by credit risk exposures which could adversely affect our net income and capital.
Our business depends on the creditworthiness of our customers. Our ACL of $736 million at December 31, 2016, represented Management’s estimate of probable losses inherent in our loan and lease portfolio as well as our unfunded loan commitments and letters of credit. We regularly review our ACL for appropriateness. In doing so, we consider economic conditions and trends, collateral values, and credit quality indicators, such as past charge-off experience, levels of past due loans, and NPAs. There is no certainty that our ACL will be appropriate over time to cover losses in the portfolio because of unanticipated adverse changes in the economy, market conditions, or events adversely affecting specific customers, industries, or markets. If the credit quality of our customer base materially decreases, if the risk profile of a market, industry, or group of customers changes materially, or if the ACL is not appropriate, our net income and capital could be materially adversely affected, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, regulatory review of risk ratings and loan and lease losses may impact the level of the ACL and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

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2. Weakness in economic conditions could adversely affect our business.
Our performance could be negatively affected to the extent there is deterioration in business and economic conditions which have direct or indirect material adverse impacts on us, our customers, and our counterparties. These conditions could result in one or more of the following:
A decrease in the demand for loans and other products and services offered by us;
A decrease in customer savings generally and in the demand for savings and investment products offered by us; and
An increase in the number of customers and counterparties who become delinquent, file for protection under bankruptcy laws, or default on their loans or other obligations to us.
An increase in the number of delinquencies, bankruptcies, or defaults could result in a higher level of NPAs, NCOs, provision for credit losses, and valuation adjustments on loans held for sale. The markets we serve are dependent on industrial and manufacturing businesses and, thus, are particularly vulnerable to adverse changes in economic conditions affecting these sectors.
Market Risks:
1. Changes in interest rates could reduce our net interest income, reduce transactional income, and negatively impact the value of our loans, securities, and other assets. This could have an adverse impact on our cash flows, financial condition, results of operations, and capital.
Our results of operations depend substantially on net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on interest earning assets (such as investments and loans) and interest paid on interest bearing liabilities (such as deposits and borrowings). Interest rates are highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary policies and domestic and international economic and political conditions. Conditions such as inflation, deflation, recession, unemployment, money supply, and other factors beyond our control may also affect interest rates. If our interest earning assets mature or reprice faster than interest bearing liabilities in a declining interest rate environment, net interest income could be materially adversely impacted. Likewise, if interest bearing liabilities mature or reprice more quickly than interest earning assets in a rising interest rate environment, net interest income could be adversely impacted.
Changes in interest rates can affect the value of loans, securities, assets under management, and other assets, including mortgage and nonmortgage servicing rights. An increase in interest rates that adversely affects the ability of borrowers to pay the principal or interest on loans and leases may lead to an increase in NPAs and a reduction of income recognized, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. When we place a loan on nonaccrual status, we reverse any accrued but unpaid interest receivable, which decreases interest income. However, we continue to incur interest expense as a cost of funding NALs without any corresponding interest income. In addition, transactional income, including trust income, brokerage income, and gain on sales of loans can vary significantly from period-to-period based on a number of factors, including the interest rate environment. A decline in interest rates along with a flattening yield curve limits our ability to reprice deposits given the current historically low level of interest rates and could result in declining net interest margins if longer duration assets reprice faster than deposits.
Rising interest rates reduce the value of our fixed-rate securities and cash flow hedging derivatives portfolio. Any unrealized loss from these portfolios impacts OCI, shareholders’ equity, and the Tangible Common Equity ratio. Any realized loss from these portfolios impacts regulatory capital ratios. In a rising interest rate environment, pension and other post-retirement obligations somewhat mitigate negative OCI impacts from securities and financial instruments. For more information, refer to “Market Risk” of the MD&A.
Certain investment securities, notably mortgage-backed securities, are very sensitive to rising and falling rates. Generally, when rates rise, prepayments of principal and interest will decrease and the duration of mortgage-backed securities will increase. Conversely, when rates fall, prepayments of principal and interest will increase and the duration of mortgage-backed securities will decrease. In either case, interest rates have a significant impact on the value of mortgage-backed securities.
MSR fair values are sensitive to movements in interest rates, as expected future net servicing income depends on the projected outstanding principal balances of the underlying loans, which can be reduced by prepayments. Prepayments usually increase when mortgage interest rates decline and decrease when mortgage interest rates rise.
In addition to volatility associated with interest rates, the Company also has exposure to equity markets related to the investments within the benefit plans and other income from client based transactions.

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2. Industry competition may have an adverse effect on our success.
Our profitability depends on our ability to compete successfully. We operate in a highly competitive environment, and we expect competition to intensify. Certain of our competitors are larger and have more resources than we do, enabling them to be more aggressive than us in competing for loans and deposits. In our market areas, we face competition from other banks and financial service companies that offer similar services. Some of our non-bank competitors are not subject to the same extensive regulations we are and, therefore, may have greater flexibility in competing for business. Our ability to compete successfully depends on a number of factors, including customer convenience, quality of service by investing in new products and services, personal contacts, pricing, and range of products. If we are unable to successfully compete for new customers and retain our current customers, our business, financial condition, or results of operations may be adversely affected. In particular, if we experience an outflow of deposits as a result of our customers seeking investments with higher yields or greater financial stability, or a desire to do business with our competitors, we may be forced to rely more heavily on borrowings and other sources of funding to operate our business and meet withdrawal demands, thereby adversely affecting our net interest margin.  For more information, refer to “Competition” section of Item 1: Business.
Liquidity Risks:
1. Changes in either Huntington’s financial condition or in the general banking industry could result in a loss of depositor confidence.
Liquidity is the ability to meet cash flow needs on a timely basis at a reasonable cost. The Bank uses its liquidity to extend credit and to repay liabilities as they become due or as demanded by customers. The board of directors establishes liquidity policies, including contingency funding plans, and limits and management establishes operating guidelines for liquidity.
Our primary source of liquidity is our large supply of deposits from consumer and commercial customers. The continued availability of this supply depends on customer willingness to maintain deposit balances with banks in general and us in particular. The availability of deposits can also be impacted by regulatory changes (e.g. changes in FDIC insurance, the Liquidity Coverage Ratio, etc.), and other events which can impact the perceived safety or economic benefits of bank deposits. While we make significant efforts to consider and plan for hypothetical disruptions in our deposit funding, market related, geopolitical, or other events could impact the liquidity derived from deposits.
2. We are a holding company and depend on dividends by our subsidiaries for most of our funds.
Huntington is an entity separate and distinct from the Bank. The Bank conducts most of our operations and Huntington depends upon dividends from the Bank to service Huntington's debt and to pay dividends to Huntington's shareholders. The availability of dividends from the Bank is limited by various statutes and regulations. It is possible, depending upon the financial condition including liquidity and capital adequacy of the Bank and other factors, that the OCC could limit the payment of dividends or other payments by the Bank. In addition, the payment of dividends by our other subsidiaries is also subject to the laws of the subsidiary’s state of incorporation, and regulatory capital and liquidity requirements applicable to such subsidiaries. In the event that the Bank was unable to pay dividends to us, we in turn would likely have to reduce or stop paying dividends on our Preferred and Common Stock. Our failure to pay dividends on our Preferred and Common Stock could have a material adverse effect on the market price of our Common Stock. Additional information regarding dividend restrictions is provided in Item 1. Regulatory Matters.
3. If we lose access to capital markets, we may not be able to meet the cash flow requirements of our depositors, creditors, and borrowers, or have the operating cash needed to fund corporate expansion and other corporate activities.
Wholesale funding sources include securitization, federal funds purchased, securities sold under repurchase agreements, non-core deposits, and long-term debt. The Bank is also a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Cincinnati, which provides members access to funding through advances collateralized with mortgage-related assets. We maintain a portfolio of highly-rated, marketable securities that is available as a source of liquidity.
Capital markets disruptions can directly impact the liquidity of Huntington and the Bank. The inability to access capital markets funding sources as needed could adversely impact our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and level of regulatory-qualifying capital. We may, from time-to-time, consider using our existing liquidity position to opportunistically retire outstanding securities in privately negotiated or open market transactions.

20


4. A reduction in our credit rating could adversely affect our ability to raise funds including capital, and/or the holders of our securities.
The credit rating agencies regularly evaluate Huntington and the Bank, and credit ratings are based on a number of factors, including our financial strength and ability to generate earnings, as well as factors not entirely within our control, including conditions affecting the financial services industry, the economy, and changes in rating methodologies. There can be no assurance that we will maintain our current credit ratings. A downgrade of the credit ratings of Huntington or the Bank could adversely affect our access to liquidity and capital, and could significantly increase our cost of funds, trigger additional collateral or funding requirements, and decrease the number of investors and counterparties willing to lend to us or purchase our securities. This could affect our growth, profitability and financial condition, including liquidity.
Operational and Legal Risks:
1. We face security risks, including denial of service attacks, hacking, social engineering attacks targeting our colleagues and customers, malware intrusion or data corruption attempts, and identity theft that could result in the disclosure of confidential information, adversely affect our business or reputation, and create significant legal and financial exposure.
Our computer systems and network infrastructure are subject to security risks and could be susceptible to cyber-attacks, such as denial of service attacks, hacking, terrorist activities or identity theft. Financial services institutions and companies engaged in data processing have reported breaches in the security of their websites or other systems, some of which have involved sophisticated and targeted attacks intended to obtain unauthorized access to confidential information, destroy data, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems, often through the introduction of computer viruses or malware, cyber-attacks and other means. Denial of service attacks have been launched against a number of large financial services institutions, including us. None of these events against us resulted in a breach of our client data or account information; however, the performance of our website, www.huntington.com, was adversely affected, and in some instances customers were prevented from accessing our website. We expect to be subject to similar attacks in the future. While events to date primarily resulted in inconvenience, future cyber-attacks could be more disruptive and damaging. Hacking and identity theft risks, in particular, could cause serious reputational harm. Cyber threats are rapidly evolving and we may not be able to anticipate or prevent all such attacks and could be held liable for any security breach or loss.
Despite efforts to ensure the integrity of our systems, we may not be able to anticipate all security breaches of these types, nor may we be able to implement guaranteed preventive measures against such security breaches. Persistent attackers may succeed in penetrating defenses given enough resources, time, and motive. The techniques used by cyber criminals change frequently, may not be recognized until launched and can originate from a wide variety of sources, including outside groups such as external service providers, organized crime affiliates, terrorist organizations or hostile foreign governments. These risks may increase in the future as we continue to increase our mobile-payment and other internet-based product offerings and expand our internal usage of web-based products and applications.
Even the most advanced internal control environment may be vulnerable to compromise. Targeted social engineering attacks and "spear phishing" attacks are becoming more sophisticated and are extremely difficult to prevent. The successful social engineer will attempt to fraudulently induce colleagues, customers or other users of our systems to disclose sensitive information in order to gain access to its data or that of its clients.
A successful penetration or circumvention of system security could cause us serious negative consequences, including significant disruption of operations, misappropriation of confidential information, or damage to our computers or systems or those of our customers and counterparties. A successful security breach could result in violations of applicable privacy and other laws, financial loss to us or to our customers, loss of confidence in our security measures, significant litigation exposure, and harm to our reputation, all of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company.
2. The resolution of significant pending litigation, if unfavorable, could have an adverse effect on our results of operations for a particular period.
We face legal risks in our businesses, and the volume of claims and amount of damages and penalties claimed in litigation and regulatory proceedings against financial institutions remain high. Substantial legal liability against us could have material adverse financial effects or cause significant reputational harm to us, which in turn could seriously harm our business prospects. It is possible that the ultimate resolution of these matters, if unfavorable, may be material to the results of operations for a particular reporting period.
Note 21 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements updates the status of certain material litigation including litigation related to the bankruptcy of Cyberco Holdings, Inc.

21


3. We face significant operational risks which could lead to financial loss, expensive litigation, and loss of confidence by our customers, regulators, and capital markets.
We are exposed to many types of operational risks, including the risk of fraud or theft by colleagues or outsiders, unauthorized transactions by colleagues or outsiders, operational errors by colleagues, business disruption, and system failures. Huntington executes against a significant number of controls, a large percent of which are manual and dependent on adequate execution by colleagues and third-party service providers. There is inherent risk that unknown single points of failure through the execution chain could give rise to material loss through inadvertent errors or malicious attack. These operational risks could lead to financial loss, expensive litigation, and loss of confidence by our customers, regulators, and the capital markets.
Moreover, negative public opinion can result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including clients, products and business practices; corporate governance; acquisitions; and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities. Negative public opinion can adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers and can also expose us to litigation and regulatory action.
Relative to acquisitions, we incur risks and challenges associated with the integration of employees, accounting systems, and technology platforms from acquired businesses and institutions in a timely and efficient manner, and we cannot guarantee that we will be successful in retaining existing customer relationships or achieving anticipated operating efficiencies expected from such acquisitions.  Acquisitions may be subject to the receipt of approvals from certain governmental authorities, including the Federal Reserve, the OCC, and the United States Department of Justice, as well as the approval of our shareholders and the shareholders of companies that we seek to acquire. These approvals for acquisitions may not be received, may take longer than expected, or may impose conditions that are not presently anticipated or that could have an adverse effect on the combined company following the acquisitions. Subject to requisite regulatory approvals, future business acquisitions may result in the issuance and payment of additional shares of stock, which would dilute current shareholders’ ownership interests.  Additionally, acquisitions may involve the payment of a premium over book and market values. Therefore, dilution of our tangible book value and net income per common share could occur in connection with any future transaction.
4. Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting could impair our ability to accurately and timely report our financial results or prevent fraud, resulting in loss of investor confidence and adversely affecting our business and our stock price.
Effective internal controls over financial reporting are necessary to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. We are subject to regulation that focuses on effective internal controls and procedures. Such controls and procedures are modified, supplemented, and changed from time-to-time as necessitated by our growth and in reaction to external events and developments. Any failure to maintain an effective internal control environment could impact our ability to report our financial results on an accurate and timely basis, which could result in regulatory actions, loss of investor confidence, and an adverse impact on our business and our stock price.
5. We rely on quantitative models to measure risks and to estimate certain financial values.
Quantitative models may be used to help manage certain aspects of our business and to assist with certain business decisions, including estimating probable loan losses, measuring the fair value of financial instruments when reliable market prices are unavailable, estimating the effects of changing interest rates and other market measures on our financial condition and results of operations, managing risk, and for capital planning purposes (including during the CCAR capital planning and capital adequacy process). Our measurement methodologies rely on many assumptions, historical analyses, and correlations. These assumptions may not capture or fully incorporate conditions leading to losses, particularly in times of market distress, and the historical correlations on which we rely may no longer be relevant. Additionally, as businesses and markets evolve, our measurements may not accurately reflect this evolution. Even if the underlying assumptions and historical correlations used in our models are adequate, our models may be deficient due to errors in computer code, inaccurate data, misuse of data, or the use of a model for a purpose outside the scope of the model’s design.
All models have certain limitations. Reliance on models presents the risk that our business decisions based on information incorporated from models will be adversely affected due to incorrect, missing, or misleading information. In addition, our models may not capture or fully express the risks we face, may suggest that we have sufficient capitalization when we do not, or may lead us to misjudge the business and economic environment in which we will operate. If our models fail to produce reliable results on an ongoing basis, we may not make appropriate risk management, capital planning, or other business or financial decisions. Strategies that we employ to manage and govern the risks associated with our use of models may not be effective or fully reliable. Also, information that we provide to the public or regulators based on poorly designed models could be inaccurate or misleading.
Banking regulators continue to focus on the models used by banks and bank holding companies in their businesses. Some of our decisions that the regulators evaluate, including distributions to our shareholders, could be affected adversely due to their perception that the quality of the models used to generate the relevant information is insufficient.

22


6. We rely on third parties to provide key components of our business infrastructure.
We rely on third-party service providers to leverage subject matter expertise and industry best practice, provide enhanced products and services, and reduce costs. Although there are benefits in entering into third-party relationships with vendors and others, there are risks associated with such activities. When entering a third-party relationship, the risks associated with that activity are not passed to the third-party but remain our responsibility. The Technology Committee of the board of directors provides oversight related to the overall risk management process associated with third-party relationships. Management is accountable for the review and evaluation of all new and existing third-party relationships. Management is responsible for ensuring that adequate controls are in place to protect us and our customers from the risks associated with vendor relationships.
Increased risk could occur based on poor planning, oversight, control, and inferior performance or service on the part of the third-party, and may result in legal costs or loss of business. While we have implemented a vendor management program to actively manage the risks associated with the use of third-party service providers, any problems caused by third-party service providers could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers and to conduct our business. Replacing a third-party service provider could also take a long period of time and result in increased expenses.
7. Changes in accounting policies, standards, and interpretations could affect how we report our financial condition and results of operations.
The FASB, regulatory agencies, and other bodies that establish accounting standards periodically change the financial accounting and reporting standards governing the preparation of our financial statements. Additionally, those bodies that establish and interpret the accounting standards (such as the FASB, SEC, and banking regulators) may change prior interpretations or positions on how these standards should be applied. These changes can be difficult to predict and can materially affect how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations.
For further discussion, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
8. Impairment of goodwill could require charges to earnings, which could result in a negative impact on our results of operations.
Our goodwill could become impaired in the future. If goodwill were to become impaired, it could limit the ability of the Bank to pay dividends to Huntington Bancshares Incorporated, adversely impacting Huntington Bancshares Incorporated's liquidity and ability to pay dividends or repay debt. The most significant assumptions affecting our goodwill impairment evaluation are variables including the market price of our Common Stock, projections of earnings, and the control premium above our current stock price that an acquirer would pay to obtain control of us. We are required to test goodwill for impairment at least annually or when impairment indicators are present. If an impairment determination is made in a future reporting period, our earnings and book value of goodwill will be reduced by the amount of the impairment. If an impairment loss is recorded, it will have little or no impact on the tangible book value of our Common Stock, or our regulatory capital levels, but such an impairment loss could significantly reduce the Bank’s earnings and thereby restrict the Bank's ability to make dividend payments to us without prior regulatory approval, because Federal Reserve policy states the bank holding company dividends should be paid from current earnings. At December 31, 2016, the book value of our goodwill was $2.0 billion, all of which was recorded at the Bank. Any such write down of goodwill or other acquisition related intangibles will reduce Huntington’s earnings, as well.
9. Negative publicity could damage our reputation and could significantly harm our business.
Our ability to attract and retain customers, clients, investors, and highly-skilled management and employees is affected by our reputation. Public perception of the financial services industry in general was damaged as a result of the credit crisis that started in 2008. We face increased public and regulatory scrutiny resulting from the credit crisis and economic downturn. Significant harm to our reputation can also arise from other sources, including employee misconduct, actual or perceived unethical behavior, conflicts of interest, litigation, GSE or regulatory actions, failing to deliver minimum or required standards of service and quality, failing to address customer and agency complaints, compliance failures, unauthorized release of confidential information due to cyber-attacks or otherwise, and the activities of our clients, customers and counterparties, including vendors. Actions by the financial service industry generally or by institutions or individuals in the industry can adversely affect our reputation, indirectly by association. All of these could adversely affect our growth, results of operation and financial condition.

23


Compliance Risks:
1. Bank regulations regarding capital and liquidity, including the annual CCAR assessment process and the Basel III capital and liquidity standards, could require higher levels of capital and liquidity. Among other things, these regulations could impact our ability to pay common stock dividends, repurchase common stock, attract cost-effective sources of deposits, or require the retention of higher amounts of low yielding securities.
The Federal Reserve administers the annual CCAR, an assessment of the capital adequacy of bank holding companies with consolidated assets of $50 billion or more and of the practices used by covered banks to assess capital needs. Under CCAR, the Federal Reserve makes a qualitative assessment of capital adequacy on a forward-looking basis and reviews the strength of a bank holding company’s capital adequacy process. The Federal Reserve also makes a quantitative assessment of capital based on supervisory-run stress tests that assess the ability to maintain capital levels above each minimum regulatory capital ratio and above a CET1 ratio of 4.5%, after making all capital actions included in a bank holding company’s capital plan, under baseline and stressful conditions throughout a nine-quarter planning horizon. Capital plans for 2017 are required to be submitted by April 5, 2017, and the Federal Reserve will either object to the capital plan and/or planned capital actions, or provide a notice of non-objection, no later than June 30, 2017. We intend to submit our capital plan to the Federal Reserve on or before April 5, 2017. The Bank also must submit a capital plan to the OCC on or before April 5, 2017. There can be no assurance that the Federal Reserve will respond favorably to our capital plan, capital actions or stress test and the Federal Reserve, OCC, or other regulatory capital requirements may limit or otherwise restrict how we utilize our capital, including common stock dividends and stock repurchases.
In 2013, the Federal Reserve and the OCC adopted final rules to implement the Basel III capital rules for U.S. Banking organizations. The final rules establish an integrated regulatory capital framework and will implement in the United States the Basel III regulatory capital reforms from the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the final rule, minimum requirements will increase for both the quantity and quality of capital held by banking organizations. As a Standardized Approach institution, the Basel III minimum capital requirements became effective for us on January 1, 2015, and will be fully phased-in on January 1, 2019.
On September 3, 2014, the U.S. banking regulators approved a final rule to implement a minimum LCR requirement for banking organizations with total consolidated assets of $250 billion or more, and a less stringent modified LCR requirement to depository institution holding companies below the threshold but with total consolidated assets of $50 billion or more. The LCR requires covered banking organizations to maintain HQLA equal to projected stressed cash outflows over a 30 calendar-day stress scenario. We are covered by the modified LCR requirement and therefore subject to the phase-in of the rule which, as of January 2017, is at 100%. We will also be required to calculate the LCR monthly. The LCR assigns less severe outflow assumptions to certain types of customer deposits, which should increase the demand, and perhaps the cost, among banks for these deposits. Additionally, the HQLA requirements will increase the demand for direct US government and US government- guaranteed debt that, while high quality, generally carry lower yields than other securities that banks hold in their investment portfolios.
2. If our regulators deem it appropriate, they can take regulatory actions that could result in a material adverse impact on our financial results, ability to compete for new business, or preclude mergers or acquisitions. In addition, regulatory actions could constrain our ability to fund our liquidity needs or pay dividends. Any of these actions could increase the cost of our services.
We are subject to the supervision and regulation of various state and federal regulators, including the OCC, Federal Reserve, FDIC, SEC, CFPB, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, and various state regulatory agencies. As such, we are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations, many of which are discussed in Item 1. Regulatory Matters. As part of their supervisory process, which includes periodic examinations and continuous monitoring, the regulators have the authority to impose restrictions or conditions on our activities and the manner in which we manage the organization. Such actions could negatively impact us in a variety of ways, including charging monetary fines, impacting our ability to pay dividends, precluding mergers or acquisitions, limiting our ability to offer certain products or services, or imposing additional capital requirements.
Under the supervision of the CFPB, our consumer products and services are subject to increasing regulatory oversight and scrutiny with respect to compliance under consumer laws and regulations. We may face a greater number or wider scope of investigations, enforcement actions, and litigation in the future related to consumer practices, thereby increasing costs associated with responding to or defending such actions. In addition, increased regulatory inquiries and investigations, as well as any additional legislative or regulatory developments affecting our consumer businesses, and any required changes to our business operations resulting from these developments, could result in significant loss of revenue, require remuneration to our customers, trigger fines or penalties, limit the products or services we offer, require us to increase our prices and, therefore, reduce demand for our products, impose additional compliance costs on us, cause harm to our reputation, or otherwise adversely affect our consumer businesses.

24


3. Legislative and regulatory actions taken now or in the future that impact the financial industry may materially adversely affect us by increasing our costs, adding complexity in doing business, impeding the efficiency of our internal business processes, negatively impacting the recoverability of certain of our recorded assets, requiring us to increase our regulatory capital, limiting our ability to pursue business opportunities, and otherwise resulting in a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operation, liquidity, or stock price.
The Dodd-Frank Act was a comprehensive overhaul of the financial services industry within the United States, established the CFPB, and required the CFPB and other federal agencies to implement many new and significant rules and regulations. Compliance with these new laws and regulations have and will continue to result in additional costs, which could be significant, and may have a material and adverse effect on our results of operations. In addition, if we do not appropriately comply with current or future legislation and regulations that apply to our consumer operations, we may be subject to fines, penalties or judgments, or material regulatory restrictions on our businesses, which could adversely affect operations and, in turn, financial results.
4. We may become subject to more stringent regulatory requirements and activity restrictions if the Federal Reserve and FDIC determine that our resolution plan is not credible.
The Dodd-Frank Act and implementing regulations jointly issued by Federal Reserve and the FDIC require bank holding companies with more than $50 billion in assets to annually submit a resolution plan to the Federal Reserve and the FDIC that, in the event of material financial distress or failure, establish the rapid, orderly resolution of the Company under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. If the Federal Reserve and the FDIC jointly determine that our 2015 resolution plan is not “credible,” we could become subjected to more stringent capital, leverage or liquidity requirements or restrictions, or restrictions on our growth, activities or operations, and could eventually be required to divest certain assets or operations in ways that could negatively impact its operations and strategy.
5. Our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be adversely affected if we lose our financial holding company status.
In order for us to maintain our status as a financial holding company, we and the Bank must remain “well capitalized,” and “well managed.” If we or our Bank cease to meet the requirements necessary for us to continue to qualify as a financial holding company, the Federal Reserve may impose upon us corrective capital and managerial requirements, and may place limitations on our ability to conduct all of the business activities that we conduct as a financial holding company. If the failure to meet these standards persists, we could be required to divest our Bank, or cease all activities other than those activities that may be conducted by bank holding companies that are not financial holding companies. In addition, our ability to commence or engage in certain activities as a financial holding company will be restricted if the Bank fails to maintain at least a “Satisfactory” rating on its most recent Community Reinvestment Act examination.

Item 1B: Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

Item 2: Properties
Our headquarters, as well as the Bank’s, is located in the Huntington Center, a thirty seven story office building located in Columbus, Ohio. Of the building’s total office space available, we lease approximately 22%. The lease term expires in 2030, with six five-year renewal options for up to 30 years but with no purchase option. The Bank has an indirect minority equity interest of 18.4% in the building.

25


Our other major properties consist of the following: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Description
Location
 
Own
 
Lease
13 story office building, located adjacent to the Huntington Center
Columbus, Ohio
 
ü
 
 
12 story office building, located adjacent to the Huntington Center
Columbus, Ohio
 
ü
 
 
3 story office building - the Crosswoods building (1)
Columbus, Ohio
 
 
 
ü
A portion of 200 Public Square Building
Cleveland, Ohio
 
 
 
ü
12 story office building
Youngstown, Ohio
 
ü
 
 
10 story office building
Warren, Ohio
 
 
 
ü
10 story office building
Toledo, Ohio
 
ü
 
 
A portion of the Grant Building
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 
 
 
ü
18 story office building
Charleston, West Virginia
 
 
 
ü
3 story office building
Holland, Michigan
 
 
 
ü
2 building office complex
Troy, Michigan
 
 
 
ü
Data processing and operations center (Easton)
Columbus, Ohio
 
ü
 
 
Data processing and operations center (Northland) (1)
Columbus, Ohio
 
 
 
ü
Data processing and operations center (Parma)
Cleveland, Ohio
 
 
 
ü
8 story office building
Indianapolis, Indiana
 
ü
 
 
A portion of Huntington Center at 525 Vine
Cincinnati, OH
 
 
 
ü
A portion of 222 LaSalle St.
Chicago, IL
 
 
 
ü
A portion of Two Towne Square
Southfield, MI
 
 
 
ü
7 story office building
Akron, OH
 
 
 
ü
27 story office building
Akron, OH
 
 
 
ü
Operations Center
Akron, OH
 
 
 
ü
12 story office building
Saginaw, MI
 
 
 
ü
2 building office complex
Flint, MI
 
 
 
ü
4 story office building
Melrose Park, IL
 
 
 
ü
(1) During the 2016 fourth quarter, we announced our intent to vacate these properties and invest in a facility in Columbus, Ohio.

Item 3: Legal Proceedings
Information required by this item is set forth in Note 21 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under the caption "Litigation" and is incorporated into this Item by reference.
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
PART II
Item 5: Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The common stock of Huntington Bancshares Incorporated is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “HBAN”. The stock is listed as “HuntgBcshr” or “HuntBanc” in most newspapers. As of January 31, 2017, we had 34,831 shareholders of record.
Information regarding the high and low sale prices of our common stock and cash dividends declared on such shares, as required by this Item, is set forth in Tables 46 and 48 Selected Quarterly Income Statement Data and is incorporated into this Item by reference. Information regarding restrictions on dividends, as required by this Item, is set forth in Item 1: Business - Regulatory Matters and in Note 22 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and incorporated into this Item by reference.

26


The following graph shows the changes, over the five-year period, in the value of $100 invested in (i) shares of Huntington’s Common Stock; (ii) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index (the S&P 500 Index) and (iii) Keefe, Bruyette & Woods Bank Index, for the period December 31, 2011, through December 31, 2016. The KBW Bank Index is a market capitalization-weighted bank stock index published by Keefe, Bruyette & Woods. The index is composed of the largest banking companies and includes all money center banks and regional banks, including Huntington. An investment of $100 on December 31, 2011, and the reinvestment of all dividends, are assumed. The plotted points represent the cumulative total return on the last trading day of the fiscal year indicated.
hban20161231_xchart-50299.jpg

 
2011
 
2012
 
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
HBAN
$100
 
$116
 
$180
 
$200
 
$215
 
$265
S&P 500
$100
 
$114
 
$151
 
$172
 
$174
 
$195
KBW Bank Index
$100
 
$129
 
$177
 
$194
 
$195
 
$251
For information regarding securities authorized for issuance under Huntington's equity compensation plans, see Part III, Item 12.
During the three-month period ended December 31, 2016, Huntington did not repurchase any of its common stock. The approximate dollar value of common stock that may yet be purchased under publicly announced stock repurchase authorizations was $166 million. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
On June 29, 2016, Huntington announced that the Federal Reserve did not object to the proposed capital actions included in Huntington's capital plan submitted to the Federal Reserve in April 2016 as part of the 2016 CCAR. These actions included an increase in the quarterly dividend per common share to $0.08, starting in the fourth quarter of 2016. Huntington’s capital plan also included the issuance of capital in connection with the acquisition of FirstMerit Corporation and continues the previously announced suspension of the company’s 2015 share repurchase program.

27


 
Item 6: Selected Financial Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Table 1 - Selected Annual Income Statement Data (1)
(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Interest income
$
2,632,113

 
$
2,114,521

 
$
1,976,462

 
$
1,860,637

 
$
1,930,263

Interest expense
262,795

 
163,784

 
139,321

 
156,029

 
219,739

Net interest income
2,369,318

 
1,950,737

 
1,837,141

 
1,704,608

 
1,710,524

Provision for credit losses
190,802

 
99,954

 
80,989

 
90,045

 
147,388

Net interest income after provision for credit losses
2,178,516

 
1,850,783

 
1,756,152

 
1,614,563

 
1,563,136

Noninterest income
1,149,731

 
1,038,730

 
979,179

 
1,012,196

 
1,106,321

Noninterest expense
2,408,485

 
1,975,908

 
1,882,346

 
1,758,003

 
1,835,876

Income before income taxes
919,762

 
913,605

 
852,985

 
868,756

 
833,581

Provision for income taxes
207,941

 
220,648

 
220,593

 
227,474

 
202,291

Net income
711,821

 
692,957

 
632,392

 
641,282

 
631,290

Dividends on preferred shares
65,274

 
31,873

 
31,854

 
31,869

 
31,989

Net income applicable to common shares
$
646,547

 
$
661,084

 
$
600,538

 
$
609,413

 
$
599,301

Net income per common share—basic
$
0.72

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.73

 
$
0.73

 
$
0.70

Net income per common share—diluted
0.70

 
0.81

 
0.72

 
0.72

 
0.69

Cash dividends declared per common share
0.29

 
0.25

 
0.21

 
0.19

 
0.16

Balance sheet highlights
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets (period end)
$
99,714,097

 
$
71,018,301

 
$
66,283,130

 
$
59,454,113

 
$
56,131,660

Total long-term debt (period end)
8,309,159

 
7,041,364

 
4,321,082

 
2,445,493

 
1,356,570

Total shareholders’ equity (period end)
10,308,146

 
6,594,606

 
6,328,170

 
6,090,153

 
5,778,500

Average total assets
83,054,283

 
68,560,023

 
62,483,232

 
56,289,181

 
55,661,162

Average total long-term debt
8,048,477

 
5,585,458

 
3,479,438

 
1,661,169

 
1,975,990

Average total shareholders’ equity
8,391,361

 
6,536,018

 
6,269,884

 
5,914,914

 
5,671,455

Key ratios and statistics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margin analysis—as a % of average earnings assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income(2)
3.50
%
 
3.41
%
 
3.47
%
 
3.66
%
 
3.85
%
Interest expense
0.34

 
0.26

 
0.24

 
0.30

 
0.44

Net interest margin(2)
3.16
%
 
3.15
%
 
3.23
%
 
3.36
%
 
3.41
%
Return on average total assets
0.86
%
 
1.01
%
 
1.01
%
 
1.14
%
 
1.13
%
Return on average common shareholders’ equity
8.6

 
10.7

 
10.2

 
11.0

 
11.3

Return on average tangible common shareholders’ equity(3), (7)
10.7

 
12.4

 
11.8

 
12.7

 
13.3

Efficiency ratio(4)
66.8

 
64.5

 
65.1

 
62.6

 
63.2

Dividend payout ratio
40.3

 
30.5


28.8


26.0


22.9

Average shareholders’ equity to average assets
10.10

 
9.53

 
10.03

 
10.51

 
10.19

Effective tax rate
22.6

 
24.2

 
25.9

 
26.2

 
24.3

Non-regulatory capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tangible common equity to tangible assets (period end) (5), (7)
7.16

 
7.82

 
8.17

 
8.82

 
8.74

Tangible equity to tangible assets (period end)(6), (7)
8.26

 
8.37

 
8.76

 
9.48

 
9.44

Tier 1 common risk-based capital ratio (period end)(7), (8)
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
10.23

 
10.90

 
10.48

Tier 1 leverage ratio (period end)(9), (10)
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
9.74

 
10.67

 
10.36

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (period end)(9), (10)
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
11.50

 
12.28

 
12.02

Total risk-based capital ratio (period end)(9), (10)
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
13.56

 
14.57

 
14.50

Capital under current regulatory standards (Basel III)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common equity tier 1 risk-based capital ratio
9.56

 
9.79
%
 
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
N.A.

Tier 1 leverage ratio (period end)
8.70

 
8.79
%
 
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
N.A.

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio (period end)
10.92

 
10.53
%
 
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
N.A.

Total risk-based capital ratio (period end)
13.05

 
12.64
%
 
N.A.

 
N.A.

 
N.A.

Other data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-time equivalent employees (average)
15,993

 
12,243

 
11,873

 
11,964

 
11,494

Domestic banking offices (period end)
1,115

 
777

 
729

 
711

 
705

(1)
Comparisons for presented periods are impacted by a number of factors. Refer to the "Significant Items" in the Discussion of Results of Operations for additional discussion regarding these key factors.

28


(2)
On an FTE basis assuming a 35% tax rate.
(3)
Net income applicable to common shares excluding expense for amortization of intangibles for the period divided by average tangible shareholders’ equity. Average tangible shareholders’ equity equals average total shareholders’ equity less average intangible assets and goodwill. Expense for amortization of intangibles and average intangible assets are net of deferred tax liability, and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.
(4)
Noninterest expense less amortization of intangibles divided by the sum of FTE net interest income and noninterest income excluding securities gains. (Non-GAAP)
(5)
Tangible common equity (total common equity less goodwill and other intangible assets) divided by tangible assets (total assets less goodwill and other intangible assets). Other intangible assets are net of deferred tax and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate. (Non-GAAP)
(6)
Tangible equity (total equity less goodwill and other intangible assets) divided by tangible assets (total assets less goodwill and other intangible assets). Other intangible assets are net of deferred tax and calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.
(7)
Tier 1 common equity, tangible equity, tangible common equity, and tangible assets are non-GAAP financial measures. Additionally, any ratios utilizing these financial measures are also non-GAAP. These financial measures have been included as they are considered to be critical metrics with which to analyze and evaluate financial condition and capital strength. Other companies may calculate these financial measures differently.
(8)
In accordance with applicable regulatory reporting guidance, we are not required to retrospectively update historical filings for newly adopted accounting principles. Therefore, tier 1 capital, tier 1 common equity, and risk-weighted assets have not been updated for the adoption of ASU 2014-01.
(9)
In accordance with applicable regulatory reporting guidance, we are not required to retrospectively update historical filings for newly adopted accounting principles. Therefore, regulatory capital data has not been updated for the adoption of ASU 2014-01.
(10)
Ratios are calculated on the Basel I basis.
N.A.
On January 1, 2015, we became subject to the Basel III capital requirements and the standardized approach for calculating risk-weighted assets in accordance with subpart D of the final capital rule.

29


Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
INTRODUCTION
This MD&A provides information we believe necessary for understanding our financial condition, changes in financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. The MD&A should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, and other information contained in this report. The forward-looking statements in this section and other parts of this report involve assumptions, risks, uncertainties, and other factors, including statements regarding our plans, objectives, goals, strategies, and financial performance. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of factors set forth under the caption "Forward-Looking Statements" and those set forth in Item 1A.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
Business Combinations
On August 16, 2016, Huntington completed its acquisition of FirstMerit Corporation in a stock and cash transaction valued at approximately $3.7 billion. FirstMerit Corporation was a diversified financial services company headquartered in Akron, Ohio, with operations in Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Pennsylvania. Post acquisition, Huntington now operates across an eight-state Midwestern footprint. The acquisition resulted in a combined company with a larger market presence and more diversified loan portfolio, as well as a larger core deposit funding base and economies of scale associated with a larger financial institution. For further discussion, see Note 3 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
2016 Financial Performance Review
In 2016, we reported net income of $712 million, a 3% increase from the prior year. Earnings per common share on a diluted basis for the year was $0.70, down 14% from the prior year. Reported net income was impacted by FirstMerit acquisition related expenses totaling $282 million pre-tax, or $0.20 per common share and a reduction to the litigation reserve totaling $42 million pre-tax, or $0.03 per common share.
Fully-taxable equivalent net interest income was $2.4 billion, up $0.4 billion, or 22%. This reflected the impact of 21% earning asset growth, 22% interest-bearing liability growth, and a 1 basis point increase in the NIM to 3.16%. The average earning asset growth included an $8.8 billion, or 18%, increase in average loans and leases and a $4.1 billion, or 30%, increase in average securities, both of which were impacted by the FirstMerit acquisition. The net interest margin expansion reflected a 9 basis point positive impact from the mix and yield on earning assets, a 3 basis point increase in the benefit from noninterest-bearing funds, partially offset by an 11 basis point increase in funding costs.
The provision for credit losses was $191 million, up $91 million, or 91%. The higher provision expense was due to several factors, including the migration of the acquired portfolio to the originated portfolio, and the corresponding reserve build, portfolio growth and transitioning the FirstMerit portfolio to Huntington’s reserving methodology. Net charge-offs represented an annualized 0.19% of average loans and leases, which remains below our long-term target of 35 to 55 basis points.
Noninterest income was $1.1 billion, up $111 million, or 11%. Service charges on deposit accounts increased $44 million, or 16%, reflecting the benefit of continued new customer acquisition. In addition, cards and payment processing income increased $26 million, or 18%, due to higher card related income and underlying customer growth. Also, mortgage banking income increased $16 million, or 15%, reflecting a 24% increase in mortgage origination volume. Finally, gain on sale of loans increased $14 million, or 43%, primarily reflecting an increase of $6 million in SBA loan sales gains and the $7 million gains on non-relationship C&I and CRE loan sales, both of which were related to the balance sheet optimization strategy completed in the 2016 fourth quarter.
Noninterest expense was $2.4 billion, up $433 million, or 22%. Reported noninterest expense was impacted by FirstMerit acquisition-related expenses totaling $282 million. Personnel costs increased $227 million, or 20%, primarily reflecting $76 million of acquisition-related expense and a 31% increase in the number of average full-time equivalent employees largely related to the in-store branch expansion and the addition of colleagues from FirstMerit. In addition, outside data processing and other services, professional services, equipment expense, and net occupancy expense all increased as a result of acquisition-related expenses. Also, other expense decreased $17 million, or 8%, primarily reflecting a $42 million reduction to litigation reserves, which was mostly offset by a $40 million contribution in the 2016 fourth quarter to achieve the philanthropic plans related to FirstMerit.

30


The tangible common equity to tangible assets ratio was 7.16%, down 66 basis points. The CET1 risk-based capital ratio was 9.56%, down 23 basis points. The regulatory tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 10.92%, up 39 basis points. All capital ratios were impacted by the $1.3 billion of goodwill created and the issuance of $2.8 billion of common stock as part of the FirstMerit acquisition. The regulatory Tier 1 risk-based and total risk-based capital ratios benefited from the issuance of $600 million of Class D preferred equity and separately, the issuance of $100 million of Class C preferred equity in exchange for FirstMerit preferred equity in conjunction with the acquisition. The total risk-based capital ratio was impacted by the repurchase of $65 million of trust preferred securities. In addition, $5 million of trust preferred securities acquired in the FirstMerit acquisition were subsequently redeemed. There were no common shares repurchased during 2016.
Business Overview
General
Our general business objectives are: (1) grow net interest income and fee income, (2) deliver positive operating leverage, (3) increase primary relationships across all business segments, (4) continue to strengthen risk management, and (5) maintain capital and liquidity positions consistent with our risk appetite. Additionally, we are focused on the successful integration of FirstMerit in 2017.
Economy
Looking forward into 2017, we are optimistic that improved consumer confidence and jobs growth will translate into overall economic growth in the markets where we do business. Operationally, we expect to realize the full financial benefits of integration completion within the second half of the year, meeting our commitment for cost savings. We are driving revenue synergies and organic revenue growth, leveraging our expanded footprint and customer base. We will see minor benefits from the Federal Reserve’s December interest rate action, and any additional rate increases in 2017 would be additive to our bottom line.
Legislative and Regulatory
A comprehensive discussion of legislative and regulatory matters affecting us can be found in the Regulatory Matters section included in Item 1 of this Form 10-K.

31



Table 2 - Selected Annual Income Statements (1)
(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
Change from 2015
 
 
 
Change from 2014
 
 
 
2016
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
2015
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
2014
Interest income
$
2,632,113

 
$
517,592

 
24
 %
 
$
2,114,521

 
$
138,059

 
7
 %
 
$
1,976,462

Interest expense
262,795

 
99,011

 
60

 
163,784

 
24,463

 
18

 
139,321

Net interest income
2,369,318

 
418,581

 
21

 
1,950,737

 
113,596

 
6

 
1,837,141

Provision for credit losses
190,802

 
90,848

 
91

 
99,954

 
18,965

 
23

 
80,989

Net interest income after provision for credit losses
2,178,516

 
327,733

 
18

 
1,850,783

 
94,631

 
5

 
1,756,152

Service charges on deposit accounts
324,299

 
43,950

 
16

 
280,349

 
6,608

 
2

 
273,741

Cards and payment processing income
169,064

 
26,349

 
18

 
142,715

 
37,314

 
35

 
105,401

Mortgage banking income
128,257

 
16,404

 
15

 
111,853

 
26,966

 
32

 
84,887

Trust services
108,274

 
2,441

 
2

 
105,833

 
(10,139
)
 
(9
)
 
115,972

Insurance income
64,523

 
(741
)
 
(1
)
 
65,264

 
(209
)
 

 
65,473

Brokerage income
61,834

 
1,629

 
3

 
60,205

 
(8,072
)
 
(12
)
 
68,277

Capital markets fees
59,527

 
5,911

 
11

 
53,616

 
9,885

 
23

 
43,731

Bank owned life insurance income
57,567

 
5,167

 
10

 
52,400

 
(4,648
)
 
(8
)
 
57,048

Gain on sale of loans
47,153

 
14,116

 
43

 
33,037

 
11,946

 
57

 
21,091

Securities gains (losses)
(84
)
 
(828
)
 
(111
)
 
744

 
(16,810
)
 
(96
)
 
17,554

Other income
129,317

 
(3,397
)
 
(3
)
 
132,714

 
6,710

 
5

 
126,004

Total noninterest income
1,149,731

 
111,001

 
11

 
1,038,730

 
59,551

 
6

 
979,179

Personnel costs
1,349,124

 
226,942

 
20

 
1,122,182

 
73,407

 
7

 
1,048,775

Outside data processing and other services
304,743

 
73,390

 
32

 
231,353

 
18,767

 
9

 
212,586

Equipment
164,839

 
39,882

 
32

 
124,957

 
5,294

 
4

 
119,663

Net occupancy
153,090

 
31,209

 
26

 
121,881

 
(6,195
)
 
(5
)
 
128,076

Professional services
105,266

 
54,975

 
109

 
50,291

 
(9,264
)
 
(16
)
 
59,555

Marketing
62,957

 
10,744

 
21

 
52,213

 
1,653

 
3

 
50,560

Deposit and other insurance expense
54,107

 
9,498

 
21

 
44,609

 
(4,435
)
 
(9
)
 
49,044

Amortization of intangibles
30,456

 
2,589

 
9

 
27,867

 
(11,410
)
 
(29
)
 
39,277

Other expense
183,903

 
(16,652
)
 
(8
)
 
200,555

 
25,745

 
15

 
174,810

Total noninterest expense
2,408,485

 
432,577

 
22

 
1,975,908

 
93,562

 
5

 
1,882,346

Income before income taxes
919,762

 
6,157

 
1

 
913,605

 
60,620

 
7

 
852,985

Provision for income taxes
207,941

 
(12,707
)
 
(6
)
 
220,648

 
55

 

 
220,593

Net income
711,821

 
18,864

 
3

 
692,957

 
60,565

 
10

 
632,392

Dividends on preferred shares
65,274

 
33,401

 
105

 
31,873

 
19

 

 
31,854

Net income applicable to common shares
$
646,547

 
$
(14,537
)
 
(2
)%
 
$
661,084

 
$
60,546

 
10
 %
 
$
600,538

Average common shares—basic
904,438

 
101,026

 
13
 %
 
803,412

 
(16,505
)
 
(2
)%
 
819,917

Average common shares—diluted
918,790

 
101,661

 
12

 
817,129

 
(15,952
)
 
(2
)
 
833,081

Per common share:
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Net income—basic
$
0.72

 
$
(0.10
)
 
(12
)%
 
$
0.82

 
$
0.09

 
12
 %
 
$
0.73

Net income—diluted
0.70

 
(0.11
)
 
(14
)
 
0.81

 
0.09

 
13

 
0.72

Cash dividends declared
0.29

 
0.04

 
16

 
0.25

 
0.04

 
19

 
0.21

Revenue—FTE
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Net interest income
$
2,369,318

 
$
418,581

 
21
 %
 
$
1,950,737

 
$
113,596

 
6
 %
 
$
1,837,141

FTE adjustment
42,408

 
10,293

 
32

 
32,115

 
4,565

 
17

 
27,550

Net interest income(2)
2,411,726

 
428,874

 
22

 
1,982,852

 
118,161

 
6

 
1,864,691

Noninterest income
1,149,731

 
111,001

 
11

 
1,038,730

 
59,551

 
6

 
979,179

Total revenue(2)
$
3,561,457

 
$
539,875

 
18
 %
 
$
3,021,582

 
$
177,712

 
6
 %
 
$
2,843,870


(1)
Comparisons for presented periods are impacted by a number of factors. Refer to “Significant Items” in the Discussion of Results of Operations.
(2)
On a fully-taxable equivalent (FTE) basis assuming a 35% tax rate.


32


DISCUSSION OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This section provides a review of financial performance from a consolidated perspective. It also includes a “Significant Items” section that summarizes key issues important for a complete understanding of performance trends. Key consolidated balance sheet and income statement trends are discussed. All earnings per share data are reported on a diluted basis. For additional insight on financial performance, please read this section in conjunction with the “Business Segment Discussion.”
Significant Items
Earnings comparisons among the three years ended December 31, 2016, 2015, and 2014 were impacted by a number of Significant Items summarized below.
1.
Mergers and Acquisitions. Significant events relating to mergers and acquisitions, and the impacts of those events on our reported results, were as follows:
During 2016, $282 million of noninterest expense and $1 million of noninterest income was recorded related to the acquisition of FirstMerit. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.20 per common share in 2016.
During 2015, $9 million of noninterest expense was recorded related to the acquisition of Macquarie Equipment Finance, which was rebranded Huntington Technology Finance. Also during 2015, $4 million of noninterest expense and $3 million of noninterest income was recorded related to the sale of HAA, HASI, and Unified. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.01 per common share in 2015.
During 2014, $16 million of net noninterest expense was recorded related to the acquisition of 24 Bank of America branches and Camco Financial. This resulted in a net negative impact of $0.01 per common share in 2014.
2.
Litigation Reserve. Significant events relating to our litigation reserve, and the impacts of those events on our reported results, were as follows:
During 2016, a $42 million reduction to litigation reserves was recorded as other noninterest expense. This resulted in a positive impact of $0.03 per common share in 2016.
During 2015 and 2014, $38 million and $21 million of net additions to litigation reserves were recorded as other noninterest expense, respectively. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.03 and $0.02 per common share in 2015 and 2014, respectively.
3.
Franchise Repositioning Related Expense. Significant events relating to franchise repositioning, and the impacts of those events on our reported results, were as follows:
During 2015, $8 million of franchise repositioning related expense was recorded. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.01 per common share in 2015.
During 2014, $28 million of franchise repositioning related expense was recorded. This resulted in a negative impact of $0.02 per common share in 2014.

33


The following table reflects the earnings impact of the above-mentioned Significant Items for periods affected by this Results of Operations discussion: 
Table 3 - Significant Items Influencing Earnings Performance Comparison
(dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Amount
 
EPS (1)
 
Amount
 
EPS (1)
 
Amount
 
EPS (1)
Net income
$
711,821

 
 
 
$
692,957

 
 
 
$
632,392

 
 
Earnings per share, after-tax
 
 
$
0.70

 
 
 
$
0.81

 
 
 
$
0.72

Significant items—favorable (unfavorable) impact:
Earnings
 
EPS
 
Earnings
 
EPS
 
Earnings
 
EPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mergers and acquisitions, net expenses
$
(282,086
)
 
 
 
$
(9,323
)
 
 
 
$
(15,818
)
 
 
Tax impact
94,709

 
 
 
3,263

 
 
 
5,436

 
 
Mergers and acquisitions, after-tax
$
(187,377
)
 
$
(0.20
)
 
$
(6,060
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(10,382
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Litigation reserves
$
41,587

 
 
 
$
(38,186
)
 
 
 
$
(20,909
)
 
 
Tax impact
(14,888
)
 
 
 
13,365

 
 
 
7,318

 
 
Litigation reserves, after-tax
$
26,699

 
$
0.03

 
$
(24,821
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(13,591
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise repositioning related expense
$

 
 
 
$
(7,588
)
 
 
 
$
(27,976
)
 
 
Tax impact

 
 
 
2,656

 
 
 
9,792

 
 
Franchise repositioning related expense, after-tax
$

 
$

 
$
(4,932
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(18,184
)
 
$
(0.02
)
(1)
Based upon the annual average outstanding diluted common shares.
Net Interest Income / Average Balance Sheet
Our primary source of revenue is net interest income, which is the difference between interest income from earning assets (primarily loans, securities, and direct financing leases), and interest expense of funding sources (primarily interest-bearing deposits and borrowings). Earning asset balances and related funding sources, as well as changes in the levels of interest rates, impact net interest income. The difference between the average yield on earning assets and the average rate paid for interest-bearing liabilities is the net interest spread. Noninterest-bearing sources of funds, such as demand deposits and shareholders’ equity, also support earning assets. The impact of the noninterest-bearing sources of funds, often referred to as “free” funds, is captured in the net interest margin, which is calculated as net interest income divided by average earning assets. Both the net interest margin and net interest spread are presented on a fully-taxable equivalent basis, which means that tax-free interest income has been adjusted to a pretax equivalent income, assuming a 35% tax rate.

34


The following table shows changes in fully-taxable equivalent interest income, interest expense, and net interest income due to volume and rate variances for major categories of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities:
 
Table 4 - Change in Net Interest Income Due to Changes in Average Volume and Interest Rates (1)
(dollar amounts in millions)
 
2016
 
2015
 
Increase (Decrease) From
Previous Year Due To
 
Increase (Decrease) From
Previous Year Due To
Fully-taxable equivalent basis(2)
Volume
 
Yield/
Rate
 
Total
 
Volume
 
Yield/
Rate
 
Total
Loans and leases
$
332.3

 
$
87.0

 
$
419.3

 
$
117.6

 
$
(35.1
)
 
$
82.5

Investment securities
104.7

 
(7.0
)
 
97.7

 
45.8

 
3.2

 
49.0

Other earning assets
12.5

 
(1.7
)
 
10.8

 
10.4

 
0.7

 
11.1

Total interest income from earning assets
449.5

 
78.3

 
527.8

 
173.8

 
(31.2
)
 
142.6

Deposits
16.3

 
3.5

 
19.8

 
5.6

 
(9.9
)
 
(4.3
)
Short-term borrowings
0.2

 
3.3

 
3.5

 
(1.6
)
 
0.3

 
(1.3
)
Long-term debt
42.2

 
33.5

 
75.7

 
30.1

 

 
30.1

Total interest expense of interest-bearing liabilities
58.7

 
40.3

 
99.0

 
34.1

 
(9.6
)
 
24.5

Net interest income
$
390.8

 
$
38.0

 
$
428.8

 
$
139.7

 
$
(21.6
)
 
$
118.1


(1)
The change in interest rates due to both rate and volume has been allocated between the factors in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amounts of the change in each.
(2)
Calculated assuming a 35% tax rate.
Table 5 - Consolidated Average Balance Sheet and Net Interest Margin Analysis (3)
(dollar amounts in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Balances
 
 
 
Change from 2015
 
 
 
Change from 2014
 
 
Fully-taxable equivalent basis (1)
2016
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
2015
 
Amount
 
Percent
 
2014
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing deposits in banks
$
100

 
$
10

 
11
 %
 
$
90

 
$
5

 
6
 %
 
$
85

Loans held for sale
1,054

 
400

 
61

 
654

 
331

 
102

 
323

Available-for-sale and other securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxable
9,278

 
1,279

 
16

 
7,999

 
1,214

 
18

 
6,785

Tax-exempt
2,716

 
641

 
31

 
2,075

 
646

 
45

 
1,429

Total available-for-sale and other securities
11,994

 
1,920

 
19

 
10,074

 
1,860

 
23

 
8,214

Trading account securities
67

 
21

 
46

 
46

 

 

 
46

Held-to-maturity securities—taxable
5,693

 
2,180

 
62

 
3,513

 
(99
)
 
(3
)
 
3,612

Total securities
17,754

 
4,121

 
30

 
13,633

 
1,761

 
15

 
11,872

Loans and leases: (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
23,684

 
3,950

 
20

 
19,734

 
1,392

 
8

 
18,342

Commercial real estate:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction
1,088

 
71

 
7

 
1,017

 
289

 
40

 
728

Commercial
4,919

 
709

 
17

 
4,210

 
(61
)
 
(1
)
 
4,271

Commercial real estate
6,007

 
780

 
15

 
5,227

 
228

 
5

 
4,999

Total commercial
29,691

 
4,730

 
19

 
24,961

 
1,620

 
7

 
23,341

Consumer:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automobile loans and leases
10,540

 
1,780

 
20

 
8,760

 
1,090

 
14

 
7,670

Home equity
9,058

 
564

 
7

 
8,494

 
99

 
1

 
8,395


35


Residential mortgage
6,730

 
780

 
13

 
5,950

 
327

 
6

 
5,623

RV and marine finance
693

 
693

 

 

 

 

 

Other consumer
742

 
261

 
54

 
481