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Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2011
Income Taxes  
Income Taxes

Note 12: Income Taxes

  • Provision for Taxes

        HP's effective tax rate was 20.3% and 20.5% for the three months ended April 30, 2011 and April 30, 2010, respectively, and 20.7% and 20.1% for the six months ended April 30, 2011 and April 30, 2010, respectively. HP's effective tax rate generally differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% due to favorable tax rates associated with certain earnings from HP's operations in lower-tax jurisdictions throughout the world. The jurisdictions with favorable tax rates with the most significant effective tax rate impact in the periods presented include Singapore, the Netherlands, China, Ireland and Puerto Rico. HP has not provided U.S. taxes for all of such earnings because HP plans to reinvest some of those earnings indefinitely outside the United States.

        In the three and six months ended April 30, 2011, HP recorded discrete items with a net tax benefit of $56 million and $157 million, respectively. These amounts included net tax benefits of $53 million and $112 million, respectively, from restructuring and acquisition charges. In addition, in December 2010, the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 was signed into law. HP recorded a tax benefit of $43 million arising from the retroactive research and development credit provided by that legislation in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.

        In the three and six months ended April 30, 2010, HP recorded discrete items with a net tax benefit of $47 million and $139 million, respectively. These amounts included net tax benefits of $80 million and $134 million, respectively, from restructuring and acquisition charges; and net tax expense of $33 million and net tax benefits of $5 million, respectively, associated with adjustments to prior year foreign income tax accruals and credits, settlement of tax audit matters, a valuation allowance release, and other miscellaneous discrete items.

        As of April 30, 2011, the amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits was $1.9 billion, of which up to $1.2 billion would affect HP's effective tax rate if realized. HP recognizes interest income and interest expense and penalties on tax overpayments and underpayments within income tax expense. As of April 30, 2011, HP had accrued a net $182 million payable for interest and penalties. In the three and six months ended April 30, 2011, HP recognized $22 million and $1 million, respectively, of net interest expense on net tax underpayments, net of tax.

        HP engages in continuous discussion and negotiation with taxing authorities regarding tax matters in various jurisdictions. HP does not expect complete resolution of any Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") audit cycle within the next 12 months. However, it is reasonably possible that certain federal, foreign and state tax issues may be concluded in the next 12 months, including issues involving transfer pricing and other matters. Accordingly, HP believes it is reasonably possible that its existing unrecognized tax benefits may be reduced by an amount up to $246 million within the next 12 months.

        HP is subject to income tax in the United States and approximately 80 foreign countries and is subject to routine corporate income tax audits in many of these jurisdictions. In addition, HP is subject to numerous ongoing audits by state and foreign tax authorities. HP has received from the IRS Notices of Deficiency for its fiscal 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004 and 2005 tax years, and Revenue Agent's Reports ("RAR") for its fiscal 2001, 2002 and 2006 tax years. The IRS began an audit of HP's 2007 income tax returns in 2009, and began its audit of HP's 2008 and 2009 income tax returns during 2010 and 2011, respectively. With respect to major foreign and state tax jurisdictions, HP is no longer subject to tax authority examinations for years prior to 1999. HP believes that adequate accruals have been provided for all open tax years.

        The IRS has completed its examination of EDS tax years through 2002 and no unresolved issues remain outstanding. EDS has received RARs for its 2003 through 2006 tax years, proposing tax deficiencies of $110 million. These deficiencies include a $29 million effect on carrybacks to 2000 though 2002. The IRS is currently auditing EDS's tax years 2007 and the short period ended August 26, 2008. HP is appealing certain issues and believes adequate reserves have been provided for all years.

        The breakdown between current and long-term deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities was as follows:

  April 30,
  October 31,
  In millions

Current deferred tax assets

  $ 5,102   $ 5,833  

Current deferred tax liabilities

    (54 )   (53 )

Long-term deferred tax assets

    2,241     2,070  

Long-term deferred tax liabilities

    (5,225 )   (5,239 )

Total deferred tax assets net of deferred tax liabilities

  $ 2,064   $ 2,611