10-Q 1 gd-2014033010q.htm 10-Q GD-2014.03.30 10Q



UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 30, 2014
OR
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 1-3671

GENERAL DYNAMICS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
13-1673581
State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization
 
I.R.S. employer identification no.
 
 
 
2941 Fairview Park Drive, Suite 100
Falls Church, Virginia
 
22042-4513
Address of principal executive offices
 
Zip code
(703) 876-3000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ü No ___
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ü No ___
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer ü Accelerated Filer __ Non-Accelerated Filer __ Smaller Reporting Company ___
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ü
342,860,725 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $1 par value per share, were outstanding on March 30, 2014.

1



INDEX


2



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
(Dollars in millions, except per-share amounts)
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Revenues:
 
 
 
Products
$
4,481

 
$
4,497

Services
2,923

 
2,827

 
7,404

 
7,324

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Products
3,548

 
3,518

Services
2,502

 
2,436

General and administrative (G&A)
507

 
499

 
6,557

 
6,453

Operating earnings
847

 
871

Interest, net
(23
)
 
(22
)
Other, net

 
2

Earnings before income taxes
824

 
851

Provision for income taxes, net
253

 
256

Net earnings
$
571

 
$
595

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share
 
 
 
  Basic
$
1.62

 
$
1.74

  Diluted
$
1.62

 
$
1.71

The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.


3



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Net earnings
$
571

 
$
595

(Losses) gains on cash flow hedges
(12
)
 
4

Unrealized gains on securities
4

 
3

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(178
)
 
(65
)
Change in retirement plans' funded status
100

 
61

Other comprehensive (loss) income before tax
(86
)
 
3

Provision for income tax, net
33

 
21

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(119
)
 
(18
)
Comprehensive income
$
452

 
$
577

The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.


4



CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
 
 
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
5,301

 
$
4,296

Accounts receivable
4,402

 
4,286

Contracts in process
4,780

 
4,889

Inventories
2,968

 
2,977

Other current assets
435

 
516

Total current assets
17,886

 
16,964

Noncurrent assets:
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
3,415

 
3,408

Intangible assets, net
1,217

 
1,184

Goodwill
11,977

 
11,946

Other assets
953

 
880

Total noncurrent assets
17,562

 
17,418

Total assets
$
35,448

 
$
34,382

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
$
1

 
$
502

Accounts payable
2,248

 
2,215

Customer advances and deposits
6,584

 
6,502

Other current liabilities
3,361

 
3,404

Total current liabilities
12,194

 
12,623

Noncurrent liabilities:
 
 
 
Long-term debt
3,908

 
3,409

Other liabilities
4,845

 
4,660

Commitments and contingencies (See Note L)


 


Total noncurrent liabilities
8,753

 
8,069

Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Common stock
482

 
482

Surplus
2,226

 
2,325

Retained earnings
19,428

 
19,809

Treasury stock
(6,450
)
 
(7,723
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,185
)
 
(1,203
)
Total shareholders' equity
14,501

 
13,690

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
35,448

 
$
34,382

The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.


5



CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
Three Months Ended
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
571

 
$
595

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment
95

 
97

Amortization of intangible assets
47

 
35

Stock-based compensation expense
31

 
27

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
(12
)
 
(32
)
Deferred income tax provision
11

 
42

(Increase) decrease in assets, net of effects of business acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(57
)
 
116

Contracts in process
(98
)
 
(94
)
Inventories
(95
)
 
(19
)
Increase (decrease) in liabilities, net of effects of business acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
34

 
(33
)
Customer advances and deposits
(94
)
 
(165
)
Income taxes payable
217

 
150

Other current liabilities
(176
)
 
(171
)
Other, net
30

 
(120
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
504

 
428

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(75
)
 
(87
)
Sales of available-for-sale securities
26

 
66

Purchases of available-for-sale securities
(29
)
 
(60
)
Other, net
2

 
4

Net cash used by investing activities
(76
)
 
(77
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of common stock

 
(1,430
)
Proceeds from option exercises
12

 
249

Dividends paid

 
(198
)
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
12

 
32

Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
24

 
(1,347
)
Net cash used by discontinued operations
(3
)
 
(9
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents
449

 
(1,005
)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
3,296

 
5,301

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
3,745

 
$
4,296

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash payments for:
 
 
 
Income taxes
$
26

 
$
67

Interest
$
19

 
$
19

The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

6



NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Dollars in millions, except per-share amounts or unless otherwise noted)
A. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Consolidation and Classification. The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of General Dynamics Corporation and our wholly owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. We eliminate all inter-company balances and transactions in the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
Consistent with defense industry practice, we classify assets and liabilities related to long-term production contracts as current, even though some of these amounts may not be realized within one year. In addition, some prior-year amounts have been reclassified among financial statement accounts to conform to the current-year presentation.
Interim Financial Statements. The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. These rules and regulations permit some of the information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to be condensed or omitted.
Our fiscal quarters are 13 weeks in length. Because our fiscal year ends on December 31, the number of days in our first and fourth quarters varies slightly from year to year. Operating results for the three-month period ended March 30, 2014, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2014.
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements contain all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations and financial condition for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014.
These unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Revenue Recognition. We account for revenues and earnings using the percentage-of-completion method. Under this method, contract costs and revenues are recognized as the work progresses, either as the products are produced or as services are rendered. We estimate the profit on a contract as the difference between the total estimated revenue and costs to complete a contract and recognize that profit over the life of the contract. If at any time the estimate of contract profitability indicates an anticipated loss on the contract, we recognize the loss in the quarter it is identified.
We review and update our contract estimates regularly. We recognize changes in estimated profit on contracts under the reallocation method. Under the reallocation method, the impact of a revision in estimate is recognized prospectively over the remaining contract term. The net increase in our operating earnings (and on a per-share basis) from the favorable impact of revisions in contract estimates totaled $108 ($0.20) and $38 ($0.07) for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014, respectively. While no revisions on any one contract were material to our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements in the first quarter of 2014, the amount decreased compared with the prior-year period as 2013 included higher favorable revisions in contract estimates on several programs nearing completion in the Combat Systems and Information Systems and Technology groups.
Discontinued Operations. In late 2013, we settled our litigation with the U.S. Navy related to a terminated contract in the company’s former tactical military aircraft business. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, the Navy received a $198 credit that will be utilized over several years as the company

7



renders design and construction services on the DDG-1000 program. This activity will be reported in net cash used by discontinued operations on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, along with the related tax benefit.
Subsequent Events. We have evaluated material events and transactions that have occurred after March 30, 2014, and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that require adjustment to or disclosure in this Form 10-Q.

B. ACQUISITIONS, INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
We did not acquire any businesses in 2013 or in the first quarter of 2014.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting unit for the three months ended
March 30, 2014, were as follows:

 
Aerospace
 
Combat Systems
 
Marine Systems
 
Information Systems and Technology
 
Total Goodwill
December 31, 2013 (a)
$
2,741

 
$
2,894

 
$
289

 
$
6,053

 
$
11,977

Other (b)
13

 
(35
)
 

 
(9
)
 
(31
)
March 30, 2014
$
2,754

 
$
2,859

 
$
289

 
$
6,044

 
$
11,946

(a)Goodwill on December 31, 2013, in the Information Systems and Technology reporting unit is net of $1,994 of accumulated impairment losses.
(b)Consists primarily of adjustments for foreign currency translation.
Intangible assets consisted of the following:

 
Gross Carrying Amount
Accumulated Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
Accumulated Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Contract and program intangible assets*
$
2,042

$
(1,273
)
$
769

 
$
1,881

$
(1,143
)
$
738

Trade names and trademarks
507

(103
)
404

 
509

(107
)
402

Technology and software
140

(97
)
43

 
139

(96
)
43

Other intangible assets
155

(154
)
1

 
155

(154
)
1

Total intangible assets
$
2,844

$
(1,627
)
$
1,217

 
$
2,684

$
(1,500
)
$
1,184

* Consists of acquired backlog and probable follow-on work and related customer relationships. The decrease in the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of contract and program intangible assets from December 31, 2013, to March 30, 2014, is primarily due to the write-off of fully amortized assets in the Information Systems and Technology group.
Amortization expense was $47 and $35 and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014, respectively. We expect to record amortization expense of $139 in 2014.



8



C. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per Share. We compute basic earnings per share (EPS) using net earnings for the period and the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic weighted average shares outstanding have decreased throughout 2013 and 2014 due to share repurchases. Diluted EPS incorporates the additional shares issuable upon the assumed exercise of stock options and the release of restricted shares and restricted stock units (RSUs). Diluted EPS also includes contingently issuable shares associated with the settlement of our accelerated share repurchase (ASR) program that expires later in 2014. See Note J for additional details of our share repurchases and the ASR.
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding were as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
March 30, 2014
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
351,873

342,232

Dilutive effect of other securities*
1,644

5,016

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
353,517

347,248

* Excludes the following outstanding options to purchase shares of common stock and nonvested restricted stock/RSUs because the effect of including these options would be antidilutive: 2013 - 24,707 and 2014 - 4,790.

D. FAIR VALUE
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between marketplace participants. Various valuation approaches can be used to determine fair value, each requiring different valuation inputs. The following hierarchy classifies the inputs used to determine fair value into three levels:
Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – inputs, other than quoted prices, observable by a marketplace participant either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – unobservable inputs significant to the fair value measurement.
We did not have any significant non-financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on December 31, 2013, or March 30, 2014.
Our financial instruments include cash and equivalents, marketable securities and other investments; accounts receivable and accounts payable; short- and long-term debt; and derivative financial instruments. The carrying values of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets approximate their fair value. The following tables present the fair values of our other financial assets and liabilities on December 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014, and the basis for determining their fair values:

 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2) (a)
Financial assets (liabilities) (b)
December 31, 2013
Other investments
$
183

 
$
183

 
$
134

 
$
49

Derivatives
10

 
10

 

 
10

Long-term debt,
     including current portion
(3,909
)
 
(3,758
)
 

 
(3,758
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 30, 2014
Other investments
$
176

 
$
176

 
$
113

 
$
63

Derivatives
16

 
16

 

 
16

Long-term debt,
     including current portion
(3,911
)
 
(3,828
)
 

 
(3,828
)

9



(a)Determined under a market approach using valuation models that incorporate observable inputs such as interest rates, bond yields and quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities.
(b)We had no Level 3 financial instruments on December 31, 2013, or March 30, 2014.

E. INCOME TAXES
Deferred Taxes. Our net deferred tax asset (liability) was included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets in other assets and liabilities as follows:

 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Current deferred tax asset
$
36

 
$
38

Current deferred tax liability
(298
)
 
(328
)
Noncurrent deferred tax asset
416

 
335

Noncurrent deferred tax liability
(137
)
 
(97
)
Net deferred tax asset (liability)
$
17

 
$
(52
)
Tax Uncertainties. For all periods open to examination by tax authorities, we periodically assess our liabilities and contingencies based on the latest available information. Where we believe there is more than a 50 percent chance that our tax position will not be sustained, we record our best estimate of the resulting tax liability, including interest, in the Consolidated Financial Statements. We include any interest or penalties incurred in connection with income taxes as part of income tax expense.
We participate in the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Compliance Assurance Process, a real-time audit of our consolidated corporate federal income tax return. During the first quarter of 2014, we reached agreement with the IRS on the examination of our federal income tax return for 2012. The resolution of this audit had no material impact on our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or effective tax rate. With the completion of this audit, the IRS has examined our consolidated federal income tax returns through 2012. We do not expect the resolution of tax matters for open years to have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or effective tax rate.
Based on all known facts and circumstances and current tax law, we believe the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits on March 30, 2014, is not material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, and if recognized, would not have a material impact on our effective tax rate. We further believe that there are no tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that the unrecognized tax benefits will significantly vary over the next 12 months, producing, individually or in the aggregate, a material effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.


10



F. CONTRACTS IN PROCESS
Contracts in process represent recoverable costs and, where applicable, accrued profit related to long-term contracts that have been inventoried until the customer is billed, and consisted of the following:
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Contract costs and estimated profits
$
7,961

 
$
7,709

Other contract costs
1,178

 
1,141

 
9,139

 
8,850

Advances and progress payments
(4,359
)
 
(3,961
)
Total contracts in process
$
4,780

 
$
4,889

Contract costs consist primarily of labor, material, overhead and G&A expenses. Other contract costs represent amounts that are not currently allocable to government contracts, such as a portion of our estimated workers’ compensation obligations, other insurance-related assessments, pension and other post-retirement benefits and environmental expenses. These costs will become allocable to contracts generally after they are paid. We expect to recover these costs through ongoing business, including existing backlog and probable follow-on contracts. If the backlog in the future does not support the continued deferral of these costs, the profitability of our remaining contracts could be adversely affected.

G. INVENTORIES
Our inventories represent primarily business-jet components and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Work-in-process represents largely labor, material and overhead costs associated with aircraft in the manufacturing process and is based primarily on the estimated average unit cost of the units in a production lot. Raw materials are valued primarily on the first-in, first-out method. We record pre-owned aircraft acquired in connection with the sale of new aircraft at the lower of the trade-in value or the estimated net realizable value.
Inventories consisted of the following:
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Work in process
$
1,635

 
$
1,688

Raw materials
1,258

 
1,220

Finished goods
57

 
46

Pre-owned aircraft
18

 
23

Total inventories
$
2,968

 
$
2,977


11




H. DEBT
Debt consisted of the following:
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Fixed-rate notes due:
Interest Rate
 
 
 
January 2015
1.375%
$
500

 
$
500

July 2016
2.250%
500

 
500

November 2017
1.000%
896

 
896

July 2021
3.875%
499

 
499

November 2022
2.250%
991

 
991

November 2042
3.600%
498

 
498

Other
Various
25

 
27

Total debt
 
3,909

 
3,911

Less current portion
 
1

 
502

Long-term debt
 
$
3,908

 
$
3,409

Our fixed-rate notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by several of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries (see Note O for condensed consolidating financial statements). We have the option to redeem the notes prior to their maturity in whole or part for the principal plus any accrued but unpaid interest and applicable make-whole amounts. As we approach the maturity date of the fixed-rate notes due in January 2015, we will determine whether to repay these notes with cash on hand or refinance the obligation.
On March 30, 2014, we had no commercial paper outstanding, but we maintain the ability to access the commercial paper market in the future. We have $2 billion in committed bank credit facilities that provide backup liquidity to our commercial paper program. These credit facilities include a $1 billion multi-year facility expiring in July 2016 and a $1 billion multi-year facility expiring in July 2018. These facilities are required by rating agencies to support our commercial paper issuances. We may renew or replace, in whole or part, these credit facilities at or prior to their expiration dates. Our commercial paper issuances and the bank credit facilities are guaranteed by several of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries. In addition, we have approximately $280 in committed bank credit facilities to provide backup liquidity to our European businesses.
Our financing arrangements contain a number of customary covenants and restrictions. We were in compliance with all material covenants on March 30, 2014.

12




I. OTHER LIABILITIES
A summary of significant other liabilities by balance sheet caption follows:

 
December 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Salaries and wages
$
807

 
$
607

Workers' compensation
497

 
491

Retirement benefits
303

 
302

Deferred income taxes
298

 
328

Income taxes payable
33

 
150

Other (a)
1,423

 
1,526

Total other current liabilities
$
3,361

 
$
3,404

 
 
 
 
Retirement benefits
$
3,076

 
$
3,020

Customer deposits on commercial contracts 
677

 
594

Deferred income taxes
137

 
97

Other (b)
955

 
949

Total other liabilities
$
4,845

 
$
4,660

(a)Consists primarily of dividends payable, environmental remediation reserves, warranty reserves, liabilities of discontinued operations and insurance-related costs.
(b)Consists primarily of liabilities for warranty reserves and workers' compensation and liabilities of discontinued operations.

J. SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Dividends per Share. Dividends declared per share were $0.56 and $0.62 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014. Cash dividends paid were $198 for the three-month period ended March 30, 2014. In advance of possible tax increases in 2013, we accelerated our first quarter 2013 dividend payment to December 2012.
Share Repurchases. In the first three months of 2014, we repurchased approximately 14 million of our outstanding shares. Of this amount, 11.4 million shares were repurchased on January 24, 2014, for $1.2 billion through an ASR program with a financial institution. Our final cost of the program will be determined based on the weighted-average daily market price of our stock during the term of the agreement, which expires later in 2014. On February 5, 2014, with shares from the prior authorization largely exhausted by the ASR program, the board of directors authorized management to repurchase 20 million additional shares of common stock on the open market. Subsequently, we repurchased an additional 3 million shares at an average price of $108 per share. On March 30, 2014, 17.1 million shares remain authorized by our board of directors for repurchase, approximately 5 percent of our total shares outstanding. We repurchased 9.4 million shares at an average price of $78 per share in 2013, including 1 million shares at an average price of $70 per share in the first three months of 2013.
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss). The tax effect for each component of other comprehensive income (loss) (OCL) consisted of the following:

13



 
Gross Amount
Tax Effect
Net Amount
 
Gross Amount
Tax Effect
Net Amount
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
(Losses) gains on cash flow hedges
$
(12
)
$
4

$
(8
)
 
$
4

$
(1
)
$
3

Unrealized gains on securities
4

(2
)
2

 
3

(1
)
2

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(178
)
2

(176
)
 
(65
)
1

(64
)
Change in retirement plans' funded status
100

(37
)
63

 
61

(20
)
41

Other comprehensive loss
$
(86
)
$
(33
)
$
(119
)
 
$
3

$
(21
)
$
(18
)
The changes, net of tax, in each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCL) consisted of the following:
 
Gains on Cash Flow Hedges
Unrealized Gains on Securities
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
Changes in Retirement Plans’ Funded Status
AOCL
Balance, December 31, 2013
$
9

$
15

$
974

$
(2,183
)
$
(1,185
)
OCL before reclassifications
2

2

(64
)
2

(58
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCL
1



39

40

Other comprehensive loss
3

2

(64
)
41

(18
)
Balance, March 30, 2014
$
12

$
17

$
910

$
(2,142
)
$
(1,203
)

Significant amounts reclassified out of each component of AOCL consisted of the following:

Three Months Ended March 30, 2014
Amount Reclassified from AOCL
Consolidated Statement of Earnings Line Item
Gains on cash flow hedges of foreign exchange contracts
$
2

Operating costs and expenses
 
(1
)
Tax expense
 
1

 
Changes in retirement plans' funded status
 
 
Recognized net actuarial loss
76

*
Amortization of prior service credit
(17
)
*
 
(20
)
Tax expense
 
39

 
Total reclassifications, net of tax
$
40

 
* These AOCL components are included in our net periodic pension and other post-retirement benefit cost. See Note M for additional details.

K. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
We are exposed to market risk, primarily from foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity prices and investments. We may use derivative financial instruments to hedge some of these risks as described below. We do not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.
Foreign Currency Risk. Our foreign currency exchange rate risk relates to receipts from customers, payments to suppliers and inter-company transactions denominated in foreign currencies. To the extent possible, we include terms in our contracts that are designed to protect us from this risk. Otherwise, we

14



enter into derivative financial instruments, principally foreign currency forward purchase and sale contracts, designed to offset and minimize our risk. The one-year average maturity of these instruments matches the duration of the activities that are at risk.
Interest Rate Risk. Our financial instruments subject to interest rate risk include fixed-rate long-term debt obligations and variable-rate commercial paper. However, the risk associated with these instruments is not material.
Commodity Price Risk. We are subject to risk of rising labor and commodity prices, primarily on long-term fixed-price contracts. To the extent possible, we include terms in our contracts that are designed to protect us from this risk. Some of the protective terms included in our contracts are considered derivatives but are not accounted for separately because they are clearly and closely related to the host contract. We have not entered into any material commodity hedging contracts but may do so as circumstances warrant. We do not believe that changes in labor or commodity prices will have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows.
Investment Risk. Our investment policy allows for purchases of fixed-income securities with an investment-grade rating and a maximum maturity of up to five years. On March 30, 2014, we held $4.3 billion in cash and equivalents, but held no marketable securities.
Hedging Activities. We had $1.7 billion in notional forward exchange contracts outstanding on December 31, 2013, and $1.6 billion on March 30, 2014. We recognize derivative financial instruments on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value (see Note D).
We record changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments in operating costs and expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings or in OCL within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income depending on whether the derivative is designated and qualifies for hedge accounting. Gains and losses related to derivatives that qualify as cash flow hedges are deferred in OCL until the underlying transaction is reflected in earnings. We adjust derivative financial instruments not designated as cash flow hedges to market value each period and record the gain or loss in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. The gains and losses on these instruments generally offset losses and gains on the assets, liabilities and other transactions being hedged. Gains and losses resulting from hedge ineffectiveness are recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings for all derivative financial instruments, regardless of designation.
Net gains and losses recognized in earnings and OCL, including gains and losses related to hedge ineffectiveness, were not material to our results of operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014. We do not expect the amount of gains and losses in OCL that will be reclassified to earnings during the next 12 months to be material.
We had no material derivative financial instruments designated as fair value or net investment hedges on December 31, 2013, or March 30, 2014.
Foreign Currency Financial Statement Translation. We translate foreign currency balance sheets from our international businesses' functional currency (generally the respective local currency) to U.S. dollars at the end-of-period exchange rates, and statements of earnings at the average exchange rates for each period. The resulting foreign currency translation adjustments are a component of OCL.
We do not hedge the fluctuation in reported revenues and earnings resulting from the translation of these international operations' results into U.S. dollars. The impact of translating our international operations’ revenues and earnings into U.S. dollars was not material to our results of operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, or March 30, 2014. In addition, the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on non-U.S. cash balances was not material in the first three months of either 2013 or 2014.

15




L. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation
Various claims and other legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of business are pending or threatened against us. These matters relate to such issues as government investigations and claims, the protection of the environment, asbestos-related claims and employee-related matters. The nature of litigation is such that we cannot predict the outcome of these matters. However, based on information currently available, we believe any potential liabilities in these proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Environmental
We are subject to and affected by a variety of federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations. We are directly or indirectly involved in environmental investigations or remediation at some of our current and former facilities and third-party sites that we do not own but where we have been designated a Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or a state environmental agency. Based on historical experience, we expect that a significant percentage of the total remediation and compliance costs associated with these facilities will continue to be allowable contract costs and, therefore, recoverable under U.S. government contracts.
As required, we provide financial assurance for certain sites undergoing or subject to investigation or remediation. We accrue environmental costs when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where applicable, we seek insurance recovery for costs related to environmental liabilities. We do not record insurance recoveries before collection is considered probable. Based on all known facts and analyses, we do not believe that our liability at any individual site, or in the aggregate, arising from such environmental conditions, will be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. We also do not believe that the range of reasonably possible additional loss beyond what has been recorded would be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Other
Portugal Program. In 2012, the Portuguese Ministry of National Defense notified our Combat Systems group's European Land Systems business that it was terminating the contract to provide 260 Pandur vehicles based on an alleged breach of contract. Subsequently, the customer drew $75 from bank guarantees for the contract. We have asserted that we are not in breach of the contract and that the termination of the contract was invalid, and we are currently in arbitration with the customer. As of March 30, 2014, we had approximately $145 outstanding under a bank guarantee for the program's offset requirements. The bank guarantee could be drawn upon by the customer through 2014.
Letters of Credit and Guarantees. In the ordinary course of business, we have entered into letters of credit, bank guarantees, surety bonds and other similar arrangements with financial institutions and insurance carriers totaling approximately $1.1 billion on March 30, 2014. In addition, from time to time and in the ordinary course of business, we contractually guarantee the payment or performance obligations of our subsidiaries arising under certain contracts.
Government Contracts. As a government contractor, we are subject to U.S. government audits and investigations relating to our operations, including claims for fines, penalties, and compensatory and treble damages. We believe the outcome of such ongoing government disputes and investigations will not have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
In the performance of our contracts, we routinely request contract modifications that require additional funding from the customer. Most often, these requests are due to customer-directed changes in

16



scope of work. While we are entitled to recovery of these costs under our contracts, the administrative process with our customer may be protracted. Based upon the circumstances, we periodically file claims or requests for equitable adjustment (REAs). In some cases, these requests are disputed by our customer. We believe our outstanding modifications and other claims will be resolved without material impact to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Aircraft Trade-ins. In connection with orders for new aircraft in funded contract backlog, our Aerospace group has outstanding options with some customers to trade in aircraft as partial consideration in their new-aircraft transaction. These trade-in commitments are structured to establish the fair market value of the trade-in aircraft at a date generally 120 or fewer days preceding delivery of the new aircraft to the customer. At that time, the customer is required to either exercise the option or allow its expiration. Any excess of the pre-established trade-in price above the fair market value at the time the new aircraft is delivered is treated as a reduction of revenue in the new-aircraft sales transaction.
Product Warranties. We provide warranties to our customers associated with certain product sales. We record estimated warranty costs in the period in which the related products are delivered. The warranty liability recorded at each balance sheet date is generally based on the number of months of warranty coverage remaining for products delivered and the average historical monthly warranty payments. Warranty obligations incurred in connection with long-term production contracts are accounted for within the contract estimates at completion. Our other warranty obligations, primarily for business-jet aircraft, are included in other current and noncurrent liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The changes in the carrying amount of warranty liabilities for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014, were as follows:

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Beginning balance
$
319

 
$
356

Warranty expense
24

 
33

Payments
(16
)
 
(14
)
Adjustments
(2
)
 

Ending balance
$
325

 
$
375



17



M. RETIREMENT PLANS
We provide defined-contribution benefits, as well as defined-benefit pension and other post-retirement benefits, to eligible employees.
Net periodic cost associated with our defined-benefit pension and other post-retirement benefit plans for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013, and March 30, 2014, consisted of the following:

 
Pension Benefits
Other Post-retirement Benefits
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Service cost
$
80

 
$
48

$
4

 
$
3

Interest cost
124

 
133

13

 
13

Expected return on plan assets
(148
)
 
(164
)
(7
)
 
(8
)
Recognized net actuarial loss
106

 
74

6

 
2

Amortization of prior service (credit) cost
(15
)
 
(17
)
2

 

Net periodic cost
$
147

 
$
74

$
18

 
$
10

Our contractual arrangements with the U.S. government provide for the recovery of contributions to our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans covering employees working in our defense business groups. For non-funded plans, our government contracts allow us to recover claims paid. Following payment, these recoverable amounts are allocated to contracts and billed to the customer in accordance with the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) and specific contractual terms. For some of these plans, the cumulative pension and post-retirement benefit cost exceeds the amount currently allocable to contracts. To the extent recovery of the cost is considered probable based on our backlog and probable follow-on contracts, we defer the excess in contracts in process on the Consolidated Balance Sheets until the cost is allocable to contracts. See Note F for discussion of our deferred contract costs. For other plans, the amount allocated to contracts and included in revenues has exceeded the plans’ cumulative benefit cost. We have deferred recognition of these excess earnings to provide a better matching of revenues and expenses. These deferrals have been classified against the plan assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
In 2011, changes were made to the CAS to harmonize the regulations with the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA). For certain contracts awarded prior to February 27, 2012, we are entitled to recover additional pension costs from our customers resulting from the CAS harmonization with the PPA. We submitted REAs of approximately $165 for these contracts in 2012. These REAs remained outstanding on March 30, 2014, and are subject to negotiation with our customer, the U.S. Department of Defense.


18



N. BUSINESS GROUP INFORMATION
We operate in four business groups: Aerospace, Combat Systems, Marine Systems and Information Systems and Technology. We organize our business groups in accordance with the nature of products and services offered. These business groups derive their revenues from business aviation; combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; military and commercial shipbuilding and services; and communication and information technology systems and solutions, respectively. We measure each group’s profit based on operating earnings. As a result, we do not allocate net interest, other income and expense items, and income taxes to our business groups.
Summary financial information for each of our business groups follows:

 
Revenues
Operating Earnings
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
March 30, 2014
March 31, 2013
March 30, 2014
Aerospace
$
1,778

$
2,125

$
310

$
404

Combat Systems
1,553

1,317

215

136

Marine Systems
1,626

1,601

159

166

Information Systems and Technology
2,447

2,281

185

183

Corporate*


(22
)
(18
)
 
$
7,404

$
7,324

$
847

$
871

*Corporate operating results primarily consist of stock option expense.



19



O. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The fixed-rate notes described in Note H are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, joint and several basis by certain of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries (the guarantors). The following condensed consolidating financial statements illustrate the composition of the parent, the guarantors on a combined basis (each guarantor together with its majority owned subsidiaries) and all other subsidiaries on a combined basis.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
Parent
Guarantors
on a
Combined
Basis
Other
Subsidiaries
on a
Combined
Basis
Consolidating
Adjustments
Total
Consolidated
Revenues
$

$
6,388

$
1,016

$

$
7,404

Cost of sales
3

5,224

823


6,050

G&A
20

406

81


507

Operating earnings
(23
)
758

112


847

Interest, net
(23
)
(1
)
1


(23
)
Earnings before income taxes
(46
)
757

113


824

Provision for income taxes
(9
)
230

32


253

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
608



(608
)

Net earnings
$
571

$
527

$
81

$
(608
)
$
571

Comprehensive income
$
452

$
548

$
(122
)
$
(426
)
$
452

Three Months Ended March 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$

$
6,393

$
931

$

$
7,324

Cost of sales
7

5,197

750


5,954

G&A
13

369

117


499

Operating earnings
(20
)
827

64


871

Interest, net
(22
)



(22
)
Other, net


2


2

Earnings before income taxes
(42
)
827

66


851

Provision for income taxes
(9
)
249

16


256

Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
628



(628
)

Net earnings
$
595

$
578

$
50

$
(628
)
$
595

Comprehensive income
$
577

$
572

$
3

$
(575
)
$
577



20



O. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS
December 31, 2013
Parent
Guarantors
on a
Combined
Basis
Other
Subsidiaries
on a
Combined
Basis
Consolidating
Adjustments
Total
Consolidated
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
4,175

$

$
1,126

$

$
5,301

Accounts receivable

1,451

2,951


4,402

Contracts in process
571

3,124

1,085


4,780

Inventories
 
 
 
 
 
Work in process

1,623

12


1,635

Raw materials

1,172

86


1,258

Finished goods

24

33


57

Pre-owned aircraft

18



18

Other current assets
35

202

198


435

Total current assets
4,781

7,614

5,491


17,886

Noncurrent assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
156

5,827

1,265


7,248

Accumulated depreciation of PP&E
(64
)
(3,062
)
(707
)

(3,833
)
Intangible assets

1,614

1,230


2,844

Accumulated amortization of intangible assets

(1,111
)
(516
)

(1,627
)
Goodwill

7,631

4,346


11,977

Other assets
558

483

398

(486
)
953

Investment in subsidiaries
36,067



(36,067
)

Total noncurrent assets
36,717

11,382

6,016

(36,553
)
17,562

Total assets
$
41,498

$
18,996

$
11,507

$
(36,553
)
$
35,448

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Customer advances and deposits
$

$
3,493

$
3,091

$

$
6,584

Other current liabilities
763

3,643

1,204


5,610

Total current liabilities
763

7,136

4,295


12,194

Noncurrent liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
3,883

25



3,908

Other liabilities
2,335

2,008

502


4,845

Total noncurrent liabilities
6,218

2,033

502


8,753

Intercompany
20,016

(20,108
)
92



Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
482

6

3,570

(3,576
)
482

Other shareholders' equity
14,019

29,929

3,048

(32,977
)
14,019

Total shareholders' equity
14,501

29,935

6,618

(36,553
)
14,501

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
41,498

$
18,996

$
11,507

$
(36,553
)
$
35,448



21



O. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET (UNAUDITED)
March 30, 2014
Parent
Guarantors
on a
Combined
Basis
Other
Subsidiaries
on a
Combined
Basis
Consolidating
Adjustments
Total
Consolidated
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
3,371

$

$
925

$

$
4,296

Accounts receivable

1,312

2,974


4,286

Contracts in process
549

3,136

1,204


4,889

Inventories
 
 
 
 
 
Work in process

1,674

14


1,688

Raw materials

1,137

83


1,220

Finished goods

14

32


46

Pre-owned aircraft

23



23

Other current assets
45

247

224


516

Total current assets
3,965

7,543

5,456


16,964

Noncurrent assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment
155

5,896

1,261


7,312

Accumulated depreciation of PP&E
(65
)
(3,123
)
(716
)

(3,904
)
Intangible assets

1,451

1,233


2,684

Accumulated amortization of intangible assets

(972
)
(528
)

(1,500
)
Goodwill

7,582

4,364


11,946

Other assets
565

499

321

(505
)
880

Investment in subsidiaries
36,799



(36,799
)

Total noncurrent assets
37,454

11,333

5,935

(37,304
)
17,418

Total assets
$
41,419

$
18,876

$
11,391

$
(37,304
)
$
34,382

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$
500

$
1

$
1

$

$
502

Customer advances and deposits

3,347

3,155


6,502

Other current liabilities
1,035

3,469

1,115


5,619

Total current liabilities
1,535

6,817

4,271


12,623

Noncurrent liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
3,384

25



3,409

Other liabilities
2,210

1,981

469


4,660

Total noncurrent liabilities
5,594

2,006

469


8,069

Intercompany
20,600

(20,606
)
6



Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
482

6

3,564

(3,570
)
482

Other shareholders' equity
13,208

30,653

3,081

(33,734
)
13,208

Total shareholders' equity
13,690

30,659

6,645

(37,304
)
13,690

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
41,419

$
18,876

$
11,391

$
(37,304
)
$
34,382



22



O. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2013
Parent
Guarantors
on a
Combined
Basis
Other
Subsidiaries
on a
Combined
Basis
Consolidating
Adjustments
Total
Consolidated
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
(63
)
$
595

$
(28
)
$

$
504

Net cash used by investing activities

(67
)
(9
)

(76
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
24




24

Net cash used by discontinued operations
(3
)



(3
)
Cash sweep/funding by parent
552

(528
)
(24
)


Net increase in cash and equivalents
510


(61
)

449

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
2,248


1,048


3,296

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
2,758

$

$
987

$

$
3,745

Three Months Ended March 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
(65
)
$
669

$
(176
)
$

$
428

Net cash used by investing activities

(68
)
(9
)

(77
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Purchases of common stock
(1,430
)



(1,430
)
Other, net
83




83

Net cash used by financing activities
(1,347
)



(1,347
)
Net cash used by discontinued operations
(9
)



(9
)
Cash sweep/funding by parent
617

(601
)
(16
)


Net decrease in cash and equivalents
(804
)

(201
)

(1,005
)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
4,175


1,126


5,301

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
3,371

$

$
925

$

$
4,296



23



(Dollars in millions, except per-share amounts or unless otherwise noted)
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

General Dynamics is an aerospace and defense company that offers a broad portfolio of products and services in business aviation; combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; shipbuilding; and communication and information technology systems and solutions. We operate globally through four business groups: Aerospace, Combat Systems, Marine Systems and Information Systems and Technology. Our primary customers are the U.S. government, including the Department of Defense, intelligence community and other U.S. government customers; international governments; and a wide range of corporate and individual customers for business jets. The majority of our revenues are from the U.S. government. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K and with the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Form 10-Q.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
INTRODUCTION
An understanding of our accounting practices is important in the evaluation of our operating results. We recognize the majority of our revenues using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. The following paragraphs explain how this method is applied in recognizing revenues and operating costs in our Aerospace and defense groups.
In the Aerospace group, contracts for new aircraft have two major phases: the manufacture of the “green” aircraft and the aircraft’s outfitting, which includes exterior painting and installation of customer-selected interiors. We record revenues on these contracts at the completion of these two phases: when green aircraft are delivered to and accepted by the customer, and when the customer accepts final delivery of the outfitted aircraft. Revenues associated with the group’s completions of other original equipment manufacturers' (OEMs) aircraft and the group's services businesses are recognized as work progresses or upon delivery of services. Changes in revenues from period to period result from the number and mix of new aircraft deliveries (green and outfitted), progress on aircraft completions and the level of aircraft service activity during the period.
The majority of the Aerospace group’s operating costs relates to new aircraft production for firm orders and consists of labor, material and overhead costs. The costs are accumulated in production lots and recognized as operating costs at green aircraft delivery based on the estimated average unit cost in a production lot. While changes in the estimated average unit cost for a production lot impact the level of operating costs, the amount of operating costs reported in a given period is based largely on the number and type of aircraft delivered. Operating costs in the Aerospace group’s completions and services businesses are generally recognized as incurred.
For new aircraft, operating earnings and margins are a function of the prices of our aircraft, our operational efficiency in manufacturing and outfitting the aircraft, and the mix of aircraft deliveries between the higher-margin large-cabin and lower-margin mid-cabin aircraft. Additional factors affecting the group’s earnings and margins include the volume, mix and profitability of completions and services work performed, the market for pre-owned aircraft, and the level of general and administrative (G&A) and net research and development (R&D) costs incurred by the group.

24



In the defense groups, revenue on long-term government contracts is recognized as work progresses, either as products are produced or services are rendered. As a result, changes in revenues are discussed generally in terms of volume, typically measured by the level of activity on individual contracts or programs. Year-over-year variances attributed to volume are due to changes in production or service levels and delivery schedules.
Operating costs for the defense groups consist of labor, material, subcontractor, overhead and G&A costs and are recognized generally as incurred. Variances in costs recognized from period to period primarily reflect increases and decreases in production or activity levels on individual contracts and, therefore, result largely from the same factors that drive variances in revenues.
Operating earnings and margins in the defense groups are driven by changes in volume, performance or contract mix. Performance refers to changes in profitability based on revisions to estimates at completion on individual contracts. These revisions result from increases or decreases to the estimated value of the contract, the estimated costs to complete or both. Therefore, changes in costs incurred in the period compared with prior periods do not necessarily impact profitability. It is only when total estimated costs at completion on a given contract change without a corresponding change in the value of that contract that the profitability of that contract may be impacted. Contract mix refers to changes in the volume of higher- vs. lower-margin work. Additionally, higher or lower margins can be inherent in the contract type (e.g., fixed-price/cost-reimbursable) or type of work (e.g., development/production).

CONSOLIDATED OVERVIEW

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
7,404

 
$
7,324

 
$
(80
)
 
(1.1
)%
Operating costs and expenses
6,557

 
6,453

 
104

 
1.6
 %
Operating earnings
847

 
871

 
24

 
2.8
 %
Operating margins
11.4
%
 
11.9
%
 
 
 
 
Our revenues and operating costs were down slightly in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period driven by lower volume in our Combat Systems and Information Systems and Technology groups primarily due to decreased U.S. Army spending. These decreases were largely offset by increased aircraft deliveries in our Aerospace group. Operating earnings and margins were up in 2014 compared with the prior-year period primarily due to growth in higher-margin aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues in the Aerospace group and a slight increase in Marine Systems earnings and margins.

REVIEW OF BUSINESS GROUPS
Following is a discussion of operating results and outlook for each of our business groups. For the Aerospace group, results are analyzed for specific lines of products and services, consistent with how the group is managed. For the defense groups, the discussion is based on the types of products and services each group offers with a supplemental discussion of specific contracts and programs when significant to the groups’ results. Information regarding our business groups also can be found in Note N to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

25



AEROSPACE

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
1,778

 
$
2,125

 
$
347

 
19.5
%
Operating earnings
310

 
404

 
94

 
30.3
%
Operating margin
17.4
%
 
19.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gulfstream aircraft deliveries (in units):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Green
30
 
35
 
5

 
16.7
%
Outfitted
29
 
39
 
10

 
34.5
%
Operating Results
The increase in the Aerospace group's revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:

Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions
$
343

Aircraft services
44

Pre-owned aircraft
(40
)
Total increase
$
347

Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues increased primarily due to additional deliveries of G650 aircraft. Production rates for this aircraft have been ramping up since initial green deliveries in 2011. Aircraft services revenues grew due to increased maintenance work. Pre-owned aircraft sales decreased as we did not sell any pre-owned aircraft in the first quarter of 2014 compared to two sales in the first quarter of 2013. We had two pre-owned aircraft available for sale on March 30, 2014, valued at $23.
The increase in the group's operating earnings in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:

Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions
$
110

Aircraft services
3

Pre-owned aircraft
1

G&A/other expenses
(20
)
Total increase
$
94

Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions earnings grew primarily due to the increase in aircraft deliveries discussed above. Partially offsetting this increase were higher R&D expenses compared with the prior-year period associated with ongoing product development efforts. Overall, the Aerospace group's operating margins increased 160 basis points in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period primarily due to growth in higher-margin aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues.

26



Outlook
We expect an increase of approximately 11 percent in the group’s full-year revenues in 2014 compared with 2013 as a result of increased deliveries of newer Gulfstream aircraft models. Operating margins are expected to be around 17 percent.
COMBAT SYSTEMS

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
1,553

 
$
1,317

 
$
(236
)
 
(15.2
)%
Operating earnings
215

 
136

 
(79
)
 
(36.7
)%
Operating margins
13.8
%
 
10.3
%
 
 
 
 
Operating Results
The decrease in the Combat Systems group's revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period was consistent with our expectations and was comprised of the following:

U.S. military vehicles
$
(179
)
Weapon systems and munitions
(68
)
International military vehicles
11

Total decrease
$
(236
)
U.S. military vehicles revenues were down as a result of decreased U.S. Army spending, which impacted all of our major programs, including Stryker, Abrams, Buffalo and Mine Resistant, Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles. Decreased U.S. Army spending also impacted weapons systems and munitions programs, including axles, guns and ammunition.
Revenues for international military vehicles were up slightly as work commenced on a $10 billion international order received in the first quarter of 2014. Largely offsetting this increase were lower revenues on several other international contracts that are nearing completion, including Pandur vehicles for the Czech government and a foreign military sales contract to provide light armored vehicles.
The Combat Systems group's operating margins decreased 350 basis points in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period. Operating margins were lower in part because of restructuring charges of $29 in the first quarter of 2014 in our Austrian operations, primarily for employee severance, to align better our European military vehicles business with future demand. In addition, operating results in the first quarter of 2013 reflected a stronger mix of high-margin production programs and associated favorable revisions in contract estimates.
Outlook
We expect the Combat Systems group’s full-year revenues in 2014 to decrease 4 to 4.5 percent from 2013 with operating margins around 14 percent as new international work offsets the majority of scheduled declines in U.S. military production.

27



MARINE SYSTEMS

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
1,626

 
$
1,601

 
$
(25
)
 
(1.5
)%
Operating earnings
159

 
166

 
7

 
4.4
 %
Operating margins
9.8
%
 
10.4
%
 
 
 
 

Operating Results
The slight decrease in the Marine Systems group’s revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:

Navy ship construction
$
65

Navy engineering, repair and other services
(98
)
Commercial ship construction
8

Total decrease
$
(25
)
The group’s U.S. Navy ship construction programs include Virginia-class submarines, DDG-1000 and DDG-51 destroyers, and Mobile Landing Platform (MLP) auxiliary support ships. The increase in construction revenues is due to higher volume on the Virginia-class program, primarily for long-lead materials for the next block of submarines, Block IV. We expect the 10-ship Block IV multi-year contract to be awarded during the second quarter of 2014. On March 26, 2014, the Department of Defense notified Congress 30 days prior to the contract award of the Navy's intent to execute the contract.
The revenue decrease on Navy engineering, overhaul and repair programs, was primarily due to timing of submarine-related services.
Operating margins increased in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period primarily due to cost efficiencies resulting in strong performance on the MLP program. The second ship of three in the program was delivered in March 2014.
Outlook
We expect the Marine Systems group’s 2014 full-year revenues to increase about 2.5 percent from 2013 with operating margins around 9.5 percent.
INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGY

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
2,447

 
$
2,281

 
$
(166
)
 
(6.8
)%
Operating earnings
185

 
183

 
(2
)
 
(1.1
)%
Operating margins
7.6
%
 
8.0
%
 
 
 
 
Operating Results
The decrease in the Information Systems and Technology group’s revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:

28



 
Mobile communication systems
$
(162
)
Information technology (IT) solutions and mission support services
27

Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) systems
(31
)
Total decrease
$
(166
)
Revenues decreased 20 percent in the mobile communication systems business primarily as a result of decreased U.S. Army spending on multiple programs. Also contributing to the decrease was lower revenues in our U.K. operations, primarily on the Bowman communication system program. Revenues increased in our IT services business on a contract awarded in the second quarter of 2013 to provide contact-center services for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. This increase was largely offset by lower volume on several programs, including our commercial wireless work.
The group's operating margins increased in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period due to the favorable impact of ongoing cost-reduction efforts, particularly in the mobile communication systems business, and solid operating performance across our lines of business. The effect of these efforts was offset in part because the group had fewer favorable revisions in contract estimates than in the first quarter of 2013 as several programs neared completion.
Outlook
We expect 2014 full-year revenues in the Information Systems and Technology group to decrease nearly 20 percent from 2013, largely due to slowed defense spending on major production programs in the mobile communication systems business discussed above. Operating margins are expected to increase to the low-8 percent range.
CORPORATE
Corporate results consist primarily of compensation expense for stock options. Corporate operating costs totaled $18 in the first quarter of 2014 compared with $22 in the first quarter of 2013. We expect 2014 full-year Corporate operating costs of approximately $85.

OTHER INFORMATION
PRODUCT REVENUES AND OPERATING COSTS

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
4,481

 
$
4,497

 
$
16

 
0.4
 %
Operating costs
3,548

 
3,518

 
(30
)
 
(0.8
)%

The slight increase in product revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:


29



Aircraft manufacturing and outfitting
$
335

U.S. military vehicle production
(127
)
Mobile communication products
(93
)
Weapons systems and munitions production
(76
)
Other, net
(23
)
Total increase
$
16

Aircraft manufacturing and outfitting revenues increased due to additional deliveries of G650 aircraft. Offsetting this increase, revenues decreased on several U.S. military vehicle production and mobile communication products programs due to lower U.S. Army spending. Decreased U.S. Army spending also impacted weapons systems and munitions production, including programs for axles, guns and ammunition.
Product operating costs were lower in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period. As shown below, the decrease in product operating costs was primarily due to lower volume. No other changes were individually significant.

Primary changes due to volume:
 
  Aircraft manufacturing and outfitting
$
212

  U.S. military vehicle production
(99
)
  Mobile communication products
(89
)
  Weapons systems and munitions products
(59
)
 
(35
)
Other changes, net
5

Total decrease
$
(30
)

SERVICE REVENUES AND OPERATING COSTS

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
 
Variance
Revenues
$
2,923

 
$
2,827

 
$
(96
)
 
(3.3
)%
Operating costs
2,502

 
2,436

 
(66
)
 
(2.6
)%

The decrease in service revenues in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period consisted of the following:

Ship engineering and repair
$
(76
)
Other, net
(20
)
Total decrease
$
(96
)
Ship engineering and repair revenues decreased due to lower volume on various submarine programs.
Service operating costs were lower in the first quarter of 2014 compared with the prior-year period. As shown below, the decrease in service operating costs was primarily due to lower volume. No other changes were individually significant.

30



Ship engineering and repair volume
$
(61
)
Other changes, net
(5
)
Total decrease
$
(66
)

OTHER INFORMATION
G&A Expenses
As a percentage of revenues, G&A expenses were 6.8 percent in the first quarters of 2013 and 2014. While G&A expenses in the first quarter of 2014 were impacted negatively by $29 of severance-related charges in our European military vehicles business in the Combat Systems group, G&A expenses as a percentage of revenues were steady due to ongoing cost-reduction efforts across the company. We expect G&A expenses in 2014 to be approximately 6.5 percent of revenues.
Interest, Net
Net interest expense in the first three months of 2014 was $22 compared with $23 in the same period in 2013. We expect full-year 2014 net interest expense to be approximately $90.
Effective Tax Rate
Our effective tax rate for the first three months of 2014 was 30.1 percent, compared with 30.7 percent in the prior-year period. We anticipate a full-year effective tax rate in the range of 30.5 to 31 percent in 2014.

BACKLOG AND ESTIMATED POTENTIAL CONTRACT VALUE
Our total backlog, including funded and unfunded portions, was $56 billion on March 30, 2014, up more than 20 percent from $46 billion at year-end 2013. Our backlog does not include work awarded on unfunded indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts or unexercised options associated with existing firm contracts, which we refer to collectively as estimated potential contract value. On March 30, 2014, estimated potential contract value associated with IDIQ contracts and contract options was $28.7 billion, up 4 percent from $27.6 billion at the end of 2013. Combined, our total estimated contract value was $84.7 billion on March 30, 2014.
The following table details the backlog and the estimated potential contract value of each business group at the end of the fourth quarter of 2013 and first quarter of 2014:

31



 
Funded
 
Unfunded
 
Total Backlog
 
Estimated Potential Contract Value*
 
Total Estimated Contract Value
 
December 31, 2013
Aerospace
$
13,785

 
$
158

 
$
13,943

 
$
1,679

 
$
15,622

Combat Systems
5,571

 
1,113

 
6,684

 
3,664

 
10,348

Marine Systems
11,795

 
5,063

 
16,858

 
3,098

 
19,956

Information Systems and Technology
7,253

 
1,267

 
8,520

 
19,127

 
27,647

Total
$
38,404

 
$
7,601

 
$
46,005

 
$
27,568

 
$
73,573

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 30, 2014
Aerospace
$
12,747

 
$
199

 
$
12,946

 
$
2,000

 
$
14,946

Combat Systems
16,001

 
885

 
16,886

 
8,143

 
25,029

Marine Systems
12,447

 
5,248

 
17,695

 
2,046

 
19,741

Information Systems and Technology
7,134

 
1,343

 
8,477

 
16,494

 
24,971

Total
$
48,329

 
$
7,675

 
$
56,004

 
$
28,683

 
$
84,687

*    Estimated potential contract value on March 30, 2014, increased $2.1 billion in our Combat Systems group, and decreased by a corresponding amount in our Information Systems and Technology group, associated with the transfer of responsibility for the U.K. Specialist Vehicle (SV) program between the two groups.

AEROSPACE
Aerospace funded backlog represents aircraft orders for which we have definitive purchase contracts and deposits from customers. Unfunded backlog consists of agreements to provide future aircraft maintenance and support services. Estimated potential contract value represents primarily options to purchase new aircraft and long-term agreements with fleet customers.
The group ended the first quarter of 2014 with $12.9 billion of backlog, compared with $13.9 billion at year-end 2013. Orders in the quarter were across the group's product portfolio. There were no customer defaults in the quarter.
The group's backlog has declined in recent years as G650 production has ramped up to fulfill the substantial orders we received upon introduction of the aircraft in 2008. Backlog will likely decrease over the next several years as the time period between customer order and delivery of the G650 aircraft normalizes.

DEFENSE GROUPS
The total backlog in our defense groups represents the estimated remaining sales value of work to be performed under firm contracts. The funded portion of this backlog includes items that have been authorized and appropriated by the Congress and funded by the customer, as well as commitments by international customers that are similarly approved and funded by their governments. While there is no guarantee that future budgets and appropriations will provide funding for a given program, we have included in total backlog only firm contracts at the amounts we believe are likely to receive funding. Total backlog in our defense groups was $43.1 billion on March 30, 2014, up 34 percent from $32.1 billion at year-end. Estimated potential contract value was $26.7 billion on March 30, 2014, up 3 percent from $25.9 billion at year-end. Despite a challenging business environment, each of our defense groups had a book-to-bill ratio (orders divided by revenues) greater than one-to-one, and received several notable contract awards during the quarter.

32



Combat Systems awards included the following:
$10 billion from the Government of Canada’s Canadian Commercial Corporation to provide military and commercial vehicles, training and support services to an international customer over 14 years. The contract provides for an estimated potential $3 billion of additional vehicles and services. All three businesses in the Combat Systems group and the mobile communication systems business in the Information Systems and Technology group will participate in performing work under this contract.
$75 from the U.S. Marine Corps for egress upgrade kits for the Cougar vehicle in support of the MRAP program.
$65 from the U.K. Ministry of Defence to develop three additional SV variants, bringing the total number of variants under development to seven.
$60 from the U.S. Army to upgrade 12 M1A1 Abrams tanks to the M1A2 Systems Enhancement Package (SEP) configuration.
Marine Systems awards included the following:
$645 from the U.S. Navy exercising an option to construct an additional DDG-51 destroyer, bringing the total number of ships to be constructed under a multi-year procurement to five.
$520 from the Navy for long-lead material for five Virginia-class submarines under Block IV of the program.
$130 from the Navy for the detail design and construction of the MLP 3 Afloat Forward Staging Base (AFSB).
$130 from the Navy for repair and maintenance services for nuclear-powered aircraft carriers homeported in Puget Sound, Washington. 
$55 from the Navy for design work, including advanced nuclear plant studies, for the next-generation ballistic-missile submarine.
Information Systems and Technology awards included the following:
$210 for the U.K.'s Bowman tactical communication system for long-term support and capability upgrades.
$165 for combat and seaframe control systems on two Navy Littoral Combat Ships (LCS).
$110 from the Army under the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) program for Increment 2 spares and support services.
$80 from the U.S. Department of Education to design, build and operate the federal student aid application processing system.
$60 from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) to consolidate NGA's operations from six locations to one stand-alone location at New Campus East (NCE).

33




FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
We ended the first quarter of 2014 with a cash balance of $4.3 billion, compared with $5.3 billion at the end of 2013. Our net cash position, defined as cash and equivalents less debt, was $385 at the end of the first quarter of 2014, down $1 billion from the end of 2013 primarily driven by the share repurchase activity discussed below. The following is a discussion of our major operating, investing and financing activities, as classified on the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, in the first three months of 2013 and 2014.
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
We generated cash from operating activities of $428 in the first three months of 2014, compared with $504 in the same period in 2013. The primary driver of cash flows in both periods was net earnings offset in part by growth in operating working capital (OWC). While we started work on a large international order received in the first quarter of 2014 in our Combat Systems group, significant customer deposits associated with this contract are scheduled to be received in the second quarter of 2014.
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
We used $77 for investing activities in the first three months of 2014, compared with $76 in the same period in 2013. The primary use of cash for investing activities in 2014 was capital expenditures. We expect capital expenditures of approximately 2 percent of anticipated revenues in 2014.
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Cash used for financing activities was $1.3 billion in the first three months of 2014, compared with cash provided by financing activities of $24 in the same period in 2013. Our financing activities include repurchases of common stock and payment of dividends. Net cash from financing activities also includes proceeds received from stock option exercises.
In the first three months of 2014, we repurchased approximately 14 million of our shares. Of this amount, 11.4 million shares were repurchased on January 24, 2014, for $1.2 billion under an accelerated share repurchase (ASR) program with a financial institution. On February 5, 2014, with shares from the prior authorization largely exhausted by the ASR program, the board of directors authorized management to repurchase 20 million additional shares of common stock on the open market. Subsequently, we repurchased an additional 3 million shares at an average price of $108 per share. As some of these shares did not settle until April 2014, an associated cash outflow of $48 will be reported as a financing activity in the second quarter of 2014. On March 30, 2014, 17.1 million shares remain authorized by our board of directors for repurchase, approximately 5 percent of our total shares outstanding. We repurchased one million shares at an average price of $70 per share in the first three months of 2013.
On March 5, 2014, our board of directors declared an increased quarterly dividend of $0.62 per share – the 17th consecutive annual increase. The board had previously increased the quarterly dividend to $0.56 per share in March 2013. We did not pay any dividends in the first three months of 2013 because we accelerated our first quarter 2013 dividend payment to December 2012.
We had no commercial paper outstanding on March 30, 2014. We have $2 billion in bank credit facilities that remain available, including a $1 billion facility expiring in July 2016 and a $1 billion facility expiring in July 2018. These facilities provide backup liquidity to our commercial paper program. We also have an effective shelf registration on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission that allows us to access the capital markets. We have no material repayments of long-term debt scheduled until $500 million

34



of fixed-rates notes mature in January 2015. As we approach the maturity date of this debt, we will determine whether to repay these notes with cash on hand or refinance the obligation. See Note H to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our debt obligations, including scheduled debt maturities.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES – FREE CASH FLOW
We define free cash flow from operations as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. We believe free cash flow from operations is a useful measure for investors, because it portrays our ability to generate cash from our core businesses for purposes such as repaying maturing debt, funding business acquisitions, repurchasing our common stock and paying dividends. We use free cash flow from operations to assess the quality of our earnings and as a performance measure in evaluating management. The following table reconciles the free cash flow from operations with net cash provided by operating activities, as classified on the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
 
March 30, 2014
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
504

 
$
428

Capital expenditures
(75
)
 
(87
)
Free cash flow from operations
$
429

 
$
341