0000039368 FULLER H B CO false --11-30 FY 2019 0 0 20 40 3 20 3 20 27,000 13 5 15 18 15 15 10 4.25 3.75 10 51,241,190 50,732,796 5 0 5 10 1 3 0.8 0.9 6.8 5.4 1,035 0 0 4.50 4.50 7.75 0 0 0 Benefits under the U.S. Pension Plan were locked-in as of May 31, 2011 and no longer include compensation increases. The 4.50 percent rate for 2019, 2018 and 2017 are for the supplemental executive retirement plan only. Income taxes are not provided for foreign currency translation relating to indefinite investments in international subsidiaries. As discussed in Note 1, the foreign currency translation adjustment for the year ended December 2, 2017 includes the impact of the change in functional currency for our subsidiaries in Latin America. Loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings is reported in other income (expense), net. Term Loan B, due on October 20, 2024, $2,150,000 variable rate at the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus 2.00 percent (3.72 percent at November 30, 2019); $1,350,000 swapped to various fixed rates as detailed below. The non-employee directors' company match includes 21,504 and 18,436 and 15,738 deferred compensation units paid as discretionary awards to all non-employee directors in 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Quarterly income per share amounts may not equal full year amounts due to rounding. In accordance with ASC Topic 820-10, Fair Value Measurement, certain investments that are measured at NAV (Net Asset Value per share) (or its equivalent) practical expedient have not been classified in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value amounts represented in this table are intended to permit reconciliation of the fair value hierarchy to the amounts presented in the statement of financial position. The Consolidated Statements of Total Equity have been adjusted to reflect retrospectively cumulative effect adjustments to retained earnings related to accelerated revenue recognition for certain arrangements upon the adoption of Topic 606 and the recognition of income tax effects of intercompany sales of assets upon the adoption of ASU 2016-16 in fiscal 2019. Actuarial loss in 2019 and actuarial gain in 2018 for the U.S. Plans is primarily due to assumption changes. Actuarial loss in 2019 and actuarial gain in 2018 for the Non-U.S. Plans are due to both assumption changes and plan experience. Amounts have been adjusted retrospectively for the change in accounting principle as discussed in Note 1. Public Notes, due February 15, 2027, $300,000 4.00 percent fixed; $150,000 swapped to a variable rate of 1-month LIBOR plus 1.86 percent Amount excludes benefit payments made from sources other than plan assets. Loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings as part of net periodic cost related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans is reported in cost of sales and SG&A expenses. 2017 includes a make whole premium of $25,535 paid on the refinancing of our long-term debt. See Note 6 for further information. Segment assets include primarily inventory, accounts receivable, property, plant and equipment and other miscellaneous assets. Corporate assets include primarily corporate property, plant and equipment, deferred tax assets, certain investments and other assets. 10,045,900 10,045,900 0 0 1.00 1.00 160,000,000 160,000,000 51,241,190 50,732,796 416 285 306 4,300 29 81,891 7,231 588 75,083 00000393682018-12-022019-11-30 xbrli:shares 00000393682020-01-20 thunderdome:item iso4217:USD 00000393682017-12-032018-12-01 00000393682016-12-042017-12-02 iso4217:USDxbrli:shares 00000393682019-11-30 00000393682019-05-31 00000393682018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2016-12-03 00000393682016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2017-12-02 00000393682017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMemberus-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMemberus-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:PreviousAccountingGuidanceMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-11-30 xbrli:pure 0000039368us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:SekisuiFullerCompanyLtdMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:SekisuiFullerCompanyLtdMember2016-12-042017-12-02 utr:Y 0000039368us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMembersrt:MinimumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMembersrt:MaximumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368srt:MinimumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368srt:MaximumMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201616Member2018-12-01 0000039368srt:ScenarioPreviouslyReportedMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201707Membersrt:RestatementAdjustmentMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368srt:ScenarioPreviouslyReportedMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201707Membersrt:RestatementAdjustmentMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:ReclassificationOfDebtPrepaymentAndExtinguishmentCostsFromOperatingToFinancingCashOutflowsMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201615Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2019-12-01 0000039368ful:RamapoMember2019-05-172019-05-17 0000039368ful:RamapoMember2019-05-17 0000039368ful:RamapoMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:DaltonHoldingsMemberus-gaap:OtherIncomeMember2019-07-012019-11-30 iso4217:BRL 0000039368ful:AdecolMember2017-11-012017-11-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMember2017-11-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2017-11-012017-11-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2017-11-012017-11-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2017-10-20 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMember2017-01-272017-01-27 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2017-01-272017-01-27 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMemberus-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2017-01-272017-01-27 0000039368ful:HEWisdomAndSonsIncAndWisdomAdhesivesSoutheastLLCMember2017-01-27 0000039368us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EmployeeRelatedMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:AssetRelatedMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:EmployeeRelatedMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AssetRelatedMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EmployeeRelatedMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AssetRelatedMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:EmployeeRelatedMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AssetRelatedMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EmployeeRelatedMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:AssetRelatedMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AociAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AociAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:AociIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:AociAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:EIMEAMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:EIMEAMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AsiaPacific1Member2019-11-30 0000039368ful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-01 0000039368ful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:RamapoMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:RamapoMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DaltonHoldingsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DaltonHoldingsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AdecolMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AdecolMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:RoyalAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PurchasedTechnologyAndPatentsMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:PurchasedTechnologyAndPatentsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PurchasedTechnologyAndPatentsMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:PurchasedTechnologyAndPatentsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:PublicBondMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:PublicBondMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PublicBondMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2017-10-20 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2019-11-302019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2017-02-14 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2018-03-09 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2018-02-27 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2017-10-20 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMembersrt:MaximumMember2017-10-20 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMembersrt:MinimumMember2017-10-20 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2017-10-202017-10-20 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-02-14 0000039368ful:PublicNotesMember2017-02-142017-02-14 0000039368ful:PublicNotesMember2017-02-14 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-02-142017-02-14 0000039368ful:TermLoanMember2017-02-142017-02-14 0000039368ful:PublicNotesMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2017-02-142017-02-14 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-09-29 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2017-09-292017-09-29 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-11-302019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-09-292017-09-29 0000039368us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:The2017ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2017-04-06 0000039368ful:The2017ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2017-04-062017-04-06 0000039368ful:The2010ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:The2010ShareRepurchaseProgramMember2019-11-30 iso4217:EUR 0000039368ful:TonsanAdhesiveMember2017-03-04 0000039368us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:MasterIncentivePlan2018Member2019-11-30 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368srt:MinimumMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368srt:MaximumMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368srt:MinimumMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368srt:MaximumMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2016-12-03 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2016-12-03 00000393682014-11-302015-11-28 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2016-12-03 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2016-12-03 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:NonEmployeeDirectorsMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:EmployeesMember2019-11-30 00000393682018-12-022018-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:HygieneMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PackagingMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:Construction1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:EngineeringMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:HygieneMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PackagingMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:Construction1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:EngineeringMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:DurableAssemblyMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:HygieneMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PackagingMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:PaperAndOtherMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Memberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:Construction1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:FourPercentMatchMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:ThreePercentMatchMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:US2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:US2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368country:US2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368country:US2019-11-30 0000039368country:US2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2018-12-01 0000039368country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:SupplementalExecutiveRetirementPlanMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:SupplementalExecutiveRetirementPlanMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:SupplementalExecutiveRetirementPlanMember2017-12-02 0000039368country:US2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMembercountry:US2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMembercountry:US2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMembercountry:US2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMembercountry:US2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignPlanMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368country:GB2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:DE2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberful:SupplementalExecutiveRetirementPlanMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberful:SupplementalExecutiveRetirementPlanMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:GroupTermLifeInsurancePlanMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:GroupTermLifeInsurancePlanMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:EquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CashMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:InsuranceMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberful:IndefiniteMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberful:TaxYear2020To2037Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2017-10-20 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2017-02-24 0000039368us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap1Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap2Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap2Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap3Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CrossCurrencyInterestRateContractMemberful:CurrencySwap3Member2019-11-30 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2018-03-09 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMember2018-02-27 0000039368us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2018-04-222018-04-22 0000039368ful:TermLoanBMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2018-04-232018-04-23 0000039368us-gaap:CurrencySwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CurrencySwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CurrencySwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMemberus-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:InterestRateSwapRelatedToPublicNotesMember2017-02-14 0000039368ful:PublicNotesMember2017-02-14 0000039368ful:InterestRateSwapRelatedToPublicNotesMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2017-02-14 0000039368us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2018-12-01 0000039368ful:FacilityInSimpsonvilleSouthCarolinaMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:FacilityInSimpsonvilleSouthCarolinaMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AsbestosRelatedLawsuitsAndClaimsMember2017-12-02 0000039368ful:PenaltiesFromPossibleResaleOfProductsByCustomersContraryToUSLawAndRegulationsMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:PenaltiesFromPossibleResaleOfProductsByCustomersContraryToUSLawAndRegulationsMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:EIMEAMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:EIMEAMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AmericasAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EIMEAMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EIMEAMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:AsiaPacific1Member2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:ConstructionAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberful:EngineeringAdhesivesMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-12-01 0000039368us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368country:US2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:US2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368country:US2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368country:CN2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368country:CN2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368country:CN2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:CountriesWithMoreThan10PercentOfTotalMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:CountriesWithMoreThan10PercentOfTotalMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:CountriesWithMoreThan10PercentOfTotalMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2018-12-022019-11-30 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2017-12-032018-12-01 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2016-12-042017-12-02 0000039368country:US2019-11-30 0000039368country:US2018-12-01 0000039368country:US2017-12-02 0000039368country:DE2019-11-30 0000039368country:DE2018-12-01 0000039368country:DE2017-12-02 0000039368country:CN2019-11-30 0000039368country:CN2018-12-01 0000039368country:CN2017-12-02 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2019-11-30 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2018-12-01 0000039368ful:AllOtherCountriesWithLessThan10PercentOfTotalMember2017-12-02 00000393682018-12-022019-03-02 00000393682019-03-032019-06-01 00000393682019-06-022019-08-31 00000393682019-09-012019-11-30 00000393682017-12-032018-03-03 00000393682018-03-042018-06-02 00000393682018-06-032018-09-01 00000393682018-09-022018-12-01 0000039368ful:DhmAdhesivesIncMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2020-01-132020-01-13 0000039368ful:DhmAdhesivesIncMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2020-01-13 0000039368us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-12-022019-11-30
 
 

 

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended November 30, 2019

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _____________ to _____________

 

Commission file number: 001-09225

 

H.B. FULLER COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Minnesota 41-0268370
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)
1200 Willow Lake Boulevard, St. Paul, Minnesota  55110-5101
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (651) 236-5900  

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share FUL New York Stock Exchange

                      

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: none

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. ☐ Yes ☒ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐   Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes ☒ No

The aggregate market value of the Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share, held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of May 31, 2019 was approximately $1,991,396,615 (based on the closing price of such stock as quoted on the New York Stock Exchange of $39.43 on such date).

The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share, was 51,255,026 as of January 20, 2020.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Part III incorporates information by reference to portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on April 2, 2020.

 

1

Table of Contents

 

 

H.B. FULLER COMPANY

 

2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K

 

Table of Contents

 

 

PART I      
Item 1. Business   3
Item 1A. Risk Factors   6
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments   12
Item 2. Properties   12
Item 3. Legal Proceedings   13
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   15
       
PART II      
Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities   15
Item 6. Selected Financial Data   16
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   17
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   35
Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   37
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure   86
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures   87
Item 9B.  Other Information   87
       
PART III      
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance   87
Item 11. Executive Compensation   88
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters   88
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence   88
Item 14.  Principal Accountant Fees and Services   88
       
PART IV      
Item 15.  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules    88
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary   94
  Signatures   95

 

2

 
 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

H.B. Fuller Company was founded in 1887 and incorporated as a Minnesota corporation in 1915. Our stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbol FUL. As used herein, “H.B. Fuller”, “we”, “us”, “our”, “management” or “company” includes H.B. Fuller and its subsidiaries unless otherwise indicated. Where we refer to 2019, 2018 and 2017 herein, the reference is to our fiscal years ended November 30, 2019, December 1, 2018 and December 2, 2017, respectively.

 

We are a leading worldwide formulator, manufacturer and marketer of adhesives, sealants and other specialty chemical products. Sales operations span 32 countries in North America, Europe, Latin America, the Asia Pacific region, India, the Middle East and Africa. Industrial adhesives represent our core product offering. Customers use our adhesives products in manufacturing common consumer and industrial goods, including food and beverage containers, disposable diapers, windows, doors, flooring, roofing, appliances, sportswear, footwear, multi-wall bags, water filtration products, insulation, textiles, automobiles, recreational vehicles, buses, trucks and trailers, marine products, solar energy systems, electronics and products for the aerospace and defense industries. Our adhesives help improve the performance of our customers’ products or improve their manufacturing processes. We also provide our customers with technical support and unique solutions designed to address their specific needs. In addition, we have established a variety of product offerings for residential construction markets, such as tile-setting adhesives, grouts, sealants and related products.

 

Recent Acquisition and Divestiture

 

Ramapo Sales and Marketing, Inc.

 

On May 17, 2019, we acquired certain assets from a window and insulating glass sealants sales and distribution company, Ramapo Sales and Marketing, Inc. (“Ramapo”), headquartered in Charleston, South Carolina. This acquisition supports the integration of the insulating glass business that we acquired as part of the Royal Adhesives acquisition. The purchase price of $8.3 million was funded through existing cash. In addition, we are required to pay up to $3.4 million in contingent consideration based upon financial results for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019. Ramapo is reported in our Americas Adhesives operating segment.

 

Dalton Holdings, LLC

 

On July 1, 2019, we completed the sale of Dalton Holdings, LLC (“Dalton Holdings”), which primarily manufactures surfactants and thickeners, within the Americas Adhesives segment. The sale resulted in a pre-tax gain of $18.8 million, which is recorded in other income, net in the Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended November 30, 2019.

 

Non-U.S. Operations

 

The principal markets, products and methods of distribution outside the United States vary with each of our regional operations generally maintaining integrated business units that contain dedicated supplier networks, manufacturing, logistics and sales organizations. The vast majority of the products sold within any region are produced within the region, and the respective regions do not import significant amounts of product from other regions. As of November 30, 2019, we had sales offices and manufacturing plants in 21 countries outside the United States and satellite sales offices in another 10 countries.

 

We have a Code of Business Conduct and detailed Core Policies that we apply across all of our operations around the world. These policies represent a set of common values that apply to all employees and all of our business dealings. We have adopted policies and processes, and conduct employee training, intended to ensure compliance with various economic sanctions and export controls, including the regulations of the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”). We do not conduct any business in the following countries that are subject to U.S. economic sanctions: Cuba; Iran; North Korea; Syria and the Crimea region of the Ukraine. See Item 3. Legal Proceedings for additional disclosures regarding past business conducted in Iran.

 

3

Table of Contents

 

Competition

 

Many of our markets are highly competitive. However, we compete effectively due to the quality and breadth of our adhesives, sealants and specialty chemical portfolio and the experience and expertise of our commercial organizations. Within the adhesives and other specialty chemical markets, we believe few suppliers have comparable global reach and corresponding ability to deliver quality and consistency to multinational customers. Our competition is made up generally of two types of companies: (1) similar multinational suppliers and (2) regional or specialty suppliers that typically compete in only one region or within a narrow geographic area within a region. The multinational competitors typically maintain a broad product offering and range of technology, while regional or specialty companies tend to have limited or more focused product ranges and technology.

 

Principal competitive factors in the sale of adhesives and other specialty chemicals are product performance, supply assurance, technical service, quality, price and customer service.

 

Customers

 

We have cultivated strong, integrated relationships with a diverse set of customers worldwide. Our customers are among the technology and market leaders in consumer goods, construction, and industrial markets. We pride ourselves on long-term, collaborative customer relationships and a diverse portfolio of customers in which no single customer accounted for more than 10 percent of consolidated net revenue.

 

Our leading customers include manufacturers of food and beverages, hygiene products, clothing, major appliances, electronics, automobiles, aerospace and defense products, solar energy systems, filters, construction materials, wood flooring, furniture, cabinetry, windows, doors, tissue and towel, corrugation, tube winding, packaging, labels and tapes.

 

Our products are delivered directly to customers primarily from our manufacturing plants, with additional deliveries made through distributors and retailers.

 

Backlog

 

No significant backlog of unfilled orders existed at November 30, 2019 or December 1, 2018.

 

Raw Materials

 

We use several principal raw materials in our manufacturing processes, including tackifying resins, polymers, synthetic rubbers, vinyl acetate monomer and plasticizers. We generally avoid sole source supplier arrangements for raw materials.

 

The majority of our raw materials are petroleum/natural gas based derivatives. Under normal conditions, raw materials are available on the open market. Prices and availability are subject to supply and demand market mechanisms. Raw material costs are primarily determined by the balance of supply against the aggregate demand from the adhesives industry and other industries that use the same raw material streams. The cost of crude oil and natural gas, the primary feedstocks for our raw materials, can also impact the cost of our raw materials.

 

Patents, Trademarks and Licenses

 

Much of the technology we use in our products and manufacturing processes is available in the public domain. For technology not available in the public domain, we rely on trade secrets and patents when appropriate to protect our competitive position. We also license some patented technology from other sources. Our business is not materially dependent upon licenses or similar rights or on any single patent or group of related patents.

 

We enter into agreements with many employees to protect rights to technology and intellectual property. Confidentiality commitments also are routinely obtained from customers, suppliers and others to safeguard proprietary information.

 

We own numerous trademarks and service marks in various countries. Trademarks, such as H.B. Fuller®, Swift®, Advantra®, Clarity®, Sesame®, TEC®, Foster®, Rakoll®, Rapidex®, Full-Care®, Thermonex®, Silaprene®, Eternabond®, Cilbond®, and TONSAN® are important in marketing products. Many of our trademarks and service marks are registered. U.S. trademark registrations are for a term of ten years and are renewable every ten years as long as the trademarks are used in the regular course of trade.

 

4

Table of Contents

 

 Research and Development

 

Our investment in research and development creates new and innovative adhesive technology platforms, enhances product performance, ensures a competitive cost structure and leverages available raw materials. New product development is a key research and development outcome, providing higher-value solutions to existing customers or meeting new customers’ needs. Projects are developed in local laboratories in each region, where we understand our customer base the best. Platform developments are coordinated globally through our network of laboratories.

 

Through designing and developing new polymers and new formulations, we expect to continue to grow in our current markets. We also develop new applications for existing products and technologies, and improve manufacturing processes to enhance productivity and product quality. Research and development efforts are closely aligned to customer needs, but we do not engage in customer sponsored activities. We foster open innovation, seek supplier-driven new technology and use relationships with academic and other institutions to enhance our capabilities.

 

Environmental, Health and Safety

 

We comply with applicable regulations relating to environmental protection and workers' safety. This includes regular review of and upgrades to environmental, health and safety policies, practices and procedures as well as improved production methods to minimize our facilities’ outgoing waste, based on evolving societal standards and increased environmental understanding.

 

Expenditures to comply with environmental regulations over the next two years are estimated to be approximately $13.8 million, including approximately $1.4 million of capital expenditures. See additional disclosure under Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

Seasonality

 

Our operating segments have historically had lower net revenue in winter months, which is primarily our first fiscal quarter, mainly due to international holidays and the seasonal decline in construction and consumer spending activities.

 

Employees

 

We employed approximately 6,400 individuals on November 30, 2019, of which approximately 2,500 were located in the United States.

 

Information About Our Executive Officers

 

The following table shows the name, age and business experience for the past five years of the executive officers as of January 6, 2020. Unless otherwise noted, the positions described are positions with the company or its subsidiaries.

 

 Name

Age

Positions

Period Served

  

  

  

  

James J. Owens

55

President and Chief Executive Officer

November 2010 - Present

 

 

 

 

Zhiwei Cai

57

Executive Vice President, Engineering Adhesives

August 2019 - Present

    Senior Vice President, Engineering Adhesives February 2016 - August 2019
    Vice President, TONSAN and Electronics 2014 - 2016
       

Theodore M. Clark

66

Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

August 2019 - Present

    Senior Vice President, Royal Adhesives October 2017 - August 2019
    President and CEO of Royal Adhesives and Sealants, LLC 2003 - 2017
       

Paula M. Cooney

51

Vice President, Human Resources

April 2016 - Present

    Director, Global Human Resources Strategic Programs 2010 - 2016

 

5

Table of Contents

 

John J. Corkrean

54

Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

May 2016 - Present

    Senior Vice President, Finance - Global Energy Services, NALCO Champion, an Ecolab Inc. company (supplier of chemicals and related services to the oil and gas industry) 2014 - 2016
       

Traci L. Jensen

53

Vice President, Global Business Process Improvement

December 2019 - Present

    Senior Vice President, Global Construction Adhesives July 2016 - December 2019
    Senior Vice President, Americas Adhesives January 2013 - July 2016

 

 

 

 

Timothy J. Keenan

62

Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

December 2006 - Present

 

 

 

 

M. Shahbaz Malik

52

Senior Vice President, Global Construction Adhesives

December 2019 - Present

    Vice President and Business Leader, North America Distribution, Masonite International Corporation (global residential doors business) 2018 - 2019
    Senior Vice President, Sales, Marketing and Supply Chain, Continental Building Products, Inc. (North America manufacturer of wallboard and joint compound materials)  2014 - 2018
       

Andrew E. Tometich

53

Executive Vice President, Hygiene, Health and Consumable Adhesives  

September 2019 - Present

    Senior Vice President, Specialty Materials, Corning Incorporated (global company specializing in specialty glass, ceramics, and related materials and technologies) 2017 - 2019
    President, Performance Silicones, The Dow Chemical Company (a global sustainable materials science company) 2016 - 2017
    Senior Vice President, Silicones, Dow Corning Corporation (joint venture between The Dow Chemical Company and Corning Incorporated) 2014 - 2016

 

The Board of Directors elects the executive officers annually.

 

Available Information

 

For more information about us, visit our website at: www.hbfuller.com.

 

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) via EDGAR. Our SEC filings are available free of charge to the public at our website as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been filed with or furnished to the SEC.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

As a global manufacturer of adhesives, sealants and other specialty chemical products, we operate in a business environment that is subject to various risks and uncertainties. Below are the most significant factors that could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

6

Table of Contents

 

Macroeconomic and Industry Risks

 

Uncertainties in foreign economic, political, regulatory and social conditions and fluctuations in foreign currency may adversely affect our results. 

 

Approximately 55 percent, or $1.6 billion, of our net revenue was generated outside the United States in 2019. International operations could be adversely affected by changes in economic, political, regulatory, and social conditions, especially in Brazil, Russia, China, the Middle East, including Turkey and Egypt, and other developing or emerging markets where we do business. An economic downturn in the businesses or geographic areas in which we sell our products could reduce demand for these products and result in a decrease in sales volume that could have a negative impact on our results of operations. Product demand often depends on end-use markets. Economic conditions that reduce consumer confidence or discretionary spending may reduce product demand. Challenging economic conditions may also impair the ability of our customers to pay for products they have purchased, and as a result, our reserves for doubtful accounts and write-offs of accounts receivable may increase. In addition, trade protection measures, anti-bribery and anti-corruption regulations, restrictions on repatriation of earnings, differing intellectual property rights and changes in legal and regulatory requirements that restrict the sales of products or increase costs could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Fluctuations in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and other currencies could potentially result in increases or decreases in net revenue, cost of raw materials and earnings and may adversely affect the value of our assets outside the United States. In 2019, the change in foreign currencies negatively impacted our net revenue by approximately $100.0 million. In 2019, we spent approximately $1.5 billion for raw materials worldwide of which approximately $807.4 million was purchased outside the United States. Based on 2019 financial results, a hypothetical one percent change in our cost of sales due to foreign currency rate changes would have resulted in a change in net income of approximately $8.1 million or $0.16 per diluted share. Although we utilize risk management tools, including hedging, as appropriate, to mitigate market fluctuations in foreign currencies, any changes in strategy in regard to risk management tools can also affect revenue, expenses and results of operations and there can be no assurance that such measures will result in cost savings or that all market fluctuation exposure will be eliminated.

 

Distressed financial markets may result in dramatic deflation of financial asset valuations and a general disruption in capital markets. 

 

Adverse equity market conditions and volatility in the credit markets could have a negative impact on the value of our pension trust assets, our future estimated pension liabilities and other postretirement benefit plans. In addition, we could be required to provide increased pension plan funding. As a result, our financial results could be negatively impacted. Reduced access to capital markets may affect our ability to invest in strategic growth initiatives such as acquisitions. In addition, the reduced credit availability could limit our customers’ ability to invest in their businesses, refinance maturing debt obligations, or meet their ongoing working capital needs. If these customers do not have sufficient access to the financial markets, demand for our products may decline.

 

The interest rates of our term loans are priced using a spread over LIBOR.

 

LIBOR, the London interbank offered rate, is the basic rate of interest used in lending between banks on the London interbank market and is widely used as a reference for setting the interest rate on loans globally. We typically use LIBOR as a reference rate in our term loan, credit facilities and derivative agreements such that the interest due to our creditors pursuant to a term loan extended to us is calculated using LIBOR. Most of our financial obligation agreements contain a stated minimum value for LIBOR.

 

On July 27, 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR by the end of 2021. It is unclear if at that time LIBOR will cease to exist or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. The Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of large U.S. financial institutions convened by the U.S. Federal Reserve, has recommended the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as a more robust reference rate alternative to U.S. dollar LIBOR. SOFR is calculated based on short-term repurchase agreements, backed by Treasury securities. SOFR is observed and backward looking, which stands in contrast with LIBOR under the current methodology, which is an estimated forward-looking rate and relies, to some degree, on the expert judgment of submitting panel members. Given that SOFR is a secured rate backed by government securities, it will be a rate that does not take into account bank credit risk (as is the case with LIBOR). SOFR is therefore likely to be lower than LIBOR and is less likely to correlate with the funding costs of financial institutions. Whether or not SOFR attains market traction as a LIBOR replacement tool remains in question. As such, the future of LIBOR at this time is uncertain. In preparation for the potential phase out of LIBOR, we may need to renegotiate our financial obligations and derivative instruments that utilize LIBOR. However, these efforts may not be successful in mitigating the legal and financial risk from changing the reference rate in our legacy agreements. Furthermore, the discontinuation of LIBOR may adversely impact our ability to manage and hedge exposures to fluctuations in interest rates using derivative instruments.

 

7

Table of Contents

 

Operational Risks

 

Increases in prices and declines in the availability of raw materials could negatively impact our financial results. 

 

In 2019, raw material costs made up approximately 75 percent of our cost of sales. Accordingly, changes in the cost of raw materials can significantly impact our earnings. Raw materials needed to manufacture products are obtained from a number of suppliers and many of the raw materials are petroleum and natural gas based derivatives. Under normal market conditions, these raw materials are generally available on the open market from a variety of producers. While alternate supplies of most key raw materials are available, supplier production outages may lead to strained supply-demand situations for certain raw materials. The substitution of key raw materials requires us to identify new supply sources, reformulate and re-test and may require seeking re-approval from our customers using those products. From time to time, the prices and availability of these raw materials may fluctuate, which could impair our ability to procure necessary materials, or increase the cost of manufacturing products. If the prices of raw materials increase in a short period of time, we may be unable to pass these increases on to our customers in a timely manner and could experience reductions to our profit margins. Based on 2019 financial results, a hypothetical one percent change in our raw material costs would have resulted in a change in net income of approximately $11.5 million or $0.22 per diluted share.

 

We experience substantial competition in each of the operating segments and geographic areas in which we operate.

 

Our wide variety of products are sold in numerous markets, each of which is highly competitive. Our competitive position in markets is, in part, subject to external factors. For example, supply and demand for certain of our products is driven by end-use markets and worldwide capacities which, in turn, impact demand for and pricing of our products. Many of our direct competitors are part of large multinational companies and may have more resources than we do. Any increase in competition may result in lost market share or reduced prices, which could result in reduced profit margins. This may impair the ability to grow or even to maintain current levels of revenues and earnings. While we have an extensive customer base, loss of certain top customers could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations until such business is replaced, and no assurances can be made that we would be able to regain or replace any lost customers.

 

Failure to develop new products and protect our intellectual property could negatively impact our future performance and growth. 

 

Ongoing innovation and product development are important factors in our competitiveness. Failure to create new products and generate new ideas could negatively impact our ability to grow and deliver strong financial results. We continually apply for and obtain U.S. and foreign patents to protect the results of our research for use in our operations and licensing. We are party to a number of patent licenses and other technology agreements. We rely on patents, confidentiality agreements and internal security measures to protect our intellectual property. Failure to protect this intellectual property could negatively affect our future performance and growth.

 

We may be required to record impairment charges on our goodwill or long-lived assets. 

 

Weak demand may cause underutilization of our manufacturing capacity or elimination of product lines; contract terminations or customer shutdowns may force sale or abandonment of facilities and equipment; or other events associated with weak economic conditions or specific product or customer events may require us to record an impairment on tangible assets, such as facilities and equipment, as well as intangible assets, such as intellectual property or goodwill, which would have a negative impact on our financial results.

 

For the fiscal 2019 impairment test, our Flooring and EIMEA (Europe, India, Middle East and Africa) reporting units had headroom of 8 percent and 21 percent, respectively. The recoverability of goodwill is dependent upon the continued growth of cash flows from our business activities. If the economy or business environment falter and we are unable to achieve our assumed revenue growth rates or profit margin percentages, our projections used would need to be remeasured, which could impact the carrying value of our goodwill in one or more of our reporting units. Most significantly, for our Flooring and EIMEA reporting units, a decrease in the planned volume revenue growth would negatively impact the fair value of the reporting units and the calculation of excess carrying value.

 

8

Table of Contents

 

Catastrophic events could disrupt our operations or the operations of our suppliers or customers, having a negative impact on our financial results.

 

Unexpected events, including natural disasters and severe weather events, fires or explosions at our facilities or those of our suppliers, acts of war or terrorism, supply disruptions or breaches of security of our information technology systems could increase the cost of doing business or otherwise harm our operations, our customers and our suppliers. Such events could reduce demand for our products or make it difficult or impossible for us to receive raw materials from suppliers and deliver products to our customers.

 

A failure in our information technology systems could negatively impact our business. 

 

We rely on information technology to record and process transactions, manage our business and maintain the financial accuracy of our records. Our computer systems are subject to damage or interruption from various sources, including power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, security breaches, vandalism, catastrophic events and human error. Interruptions of our computer systems could disrupt our business, for example by leading to plant downtime and/or power outages, and could result in the loss of business and cause us to incur additional expense.

 

Information technology security threats are increasing in frequency and sophistication. Our information technology systems could be breached by unauthorized outside parties or misused by employees or other insiders intent on extracting sensitive information, corrupting information or disrupting business processes. Such unauthorized access and a failure to effectively recover from breaches could compromise confidential information, disrupt our business, harm our reputation, result in the loss of assets including trade secrets and other intellectual property, customer confidence and business, result in regulatory proceedings and legal claims, and have a negative impact on our financial results.

 

We are in the process of implementing a global Enterprise Resource Planning (“ERP”) system that we refer to as Project ONE, which will upgrade and standardize our information system. The North America adhesives business went live in 2014. In 2017, we began the implementation and upgrade of our ERP system in our Latin America adhesives business and implementation for all countries, with the exception of Brazil, was completed as of the end of 2018.  During 2019, other entities in our North America adhesives business went live and in 2020 and beyond, we will continue implementation in North America, EIMEA and Asia Pacific.   

 

Any delays or other failure to achieve our implementation goals may adversely impact our financial results. In addition, the failure to either deliver the application on time or anticipate the necessary readiness and training needs could lead to business disruption and loss of business. Failure or abandonment of any part of the ERP system could result in a write-off of part or all of the costs that have been capitalized on the project.

 

Risks Related to Acquisitions

 

Risks associated with acquisitions could have an adverse effect on us and the inability to execute organizational restructuring may affect our results.

 

As part of our growth strategy, we have made and intend to pursue additional acquisitions of complementary businesses or products and joint ventures. The ability to grow through acquisitions or joint ventures depends upon our ability to identify, negotiate, complete and integrate suitable acquisitions or joint venture arrangements. If we fail to successfully integrate acquisitions into our existing business, our results of operations and our cash flows could be adversely affected. Our acquisition strategy also involves other risks and uncertainties, including distraction of management from current operations, greater than expected liabilities and expenses, inadequate return on capital, unidentified issues not discovered in our investigations and evaluations of those strategies and acquisitions and difficulties implementing and maintaining consistent standards, controls, procedures, policies and systems. Future acquisitions could result in debt, dilution, liabilities, increased interest expense, restructuring charges and amortization expenses related to intangible assets.

 

In addition, our profitability is dependent on our ability to drive sustainable productivity improvements such as cost savings through organizational restructuring. Delays or unexpected costs may prevent us from realizing the full operational and financial benefits of such restructuring initiatives and may potentially disrupt our operations.

 

9

Table of Contents

 

We may not realize the revenue growth opportunities and cost synergies that are anticipated from the Royal Adhesives acquisition as we may experience difficulties in integrating Royal Adhesives’ business with ours.

 

The benefits that are expected to result from the Royal Adhesives acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize the anticipated revenue growth opportunities and cost synergies as a result of the acquisition. Our success in realizing these revenue growth opportunities and cost synergies, and the timing of this realization, depends on the successful integration of Royal Adhesives. There is a significant degree of difficulty and management distraction inherent in the process of integrating an acquisition as sizable as Royal Adhesives. The process of integrating operations could cause an interruption of, or loss of momentum in, our Royal Adhesives’ activities. Members of our senior management may be required to devote considerable amounts of time to this integration process, which will decrease the time they will have to manage our company, service existing customers, attract new customers and develop new products or strategies. If senior management is not able to effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, our business could suffer. There can be no assurance that we will successfully or cost-effectively integrate Royal Adhesives. The failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Even if we are able to integrate Royal Adhesives successfully, this integration may not result in the realization of the full benefits of the growth opportunities and cost synergies that we currently expect from this integration, and we cannot guarantee that these benefits will be achieved within anticipated timeframes or at all. For example, we may not be able to eliminate duplicative costs. Moreover, we may incur substantial expenses in connection with the integration of Royal Adhesives. While it is anticipated that certain expenses will be incurred to achieve cost synergies, such expenses are difficult to estimate accurately, and may exceed current estimates. Accordingly, the benefits from the acquisition may be offset by costs incurred to, or delays in, integrating the businesses.

 

The debt incurred in connection with the Royal Adhesives acquisition could have a negative impact on our liquidity or restrict our activities.

 

As a result of the Royal Adhesives acquisition, our outstanding indebtedness has significantly increased. Our current indebtedness contains various covenants that limit our ability to engage in specified types of transactions. Our overall leverage and the terms of our financing arrangements could:

 

 

limit our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures and acquisitions;

 

make it more difficult to satisfy our obligations under the terms of our indebtedness;

 

limit our ability to refinance our indebtedness on terms acceptable to us or at all;

 

limit our flexibility to plan for and adjust to changing business and market conditions in the industries in which we operate and increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to make interest and principal payments on our debt, thereby limiting the availability of our cash flow to fund future acquisitions, working capital, business activities, and other general corporate requirements;

 

limit our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, to fund growth or for general corporate purposes, even when necessary to maintain adequate liquidity, particularly if any ratings assigned to our debt securities by rating organizations were revised downward; and

 

subject us to higher levels of indebtedness than our competitors, which may cause a competitive disadvantage and may reduce our flexibility in responding to increased competition.

 

In addition, the restrictive covenants require us to maintain specified financial ratios and satisfy other financial condition tests. Our ability to meet those financial ratios and tests will depend on our ongoing financial and operating performance, which, in turn, will be subject to economic conditions and to financial, market and competitive factors, many of which are beyond our control. A breach of any of these covenants could result in a default under the instruments governing our indebtedness.

 

Legal and Regulatory Risks

 

The impact of changing laws or regulations or the manner of interpretation or enforcement of existing laws or regulations could adversely impact our financial performance and restrict our ability to operate our business or execute our strategies.

 

New laws or regulations, or changes in existing laws or regulations or the manner of their interpretation or enforcement, could increase our cost of doing business and restrict our ability to operate our business or execute our strategies. In addition, compliance with laws and regulations is complicated by our substantial global footprint, which will require significant and additional resources to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations in the various countries where we conduct business.

 

10

Table of Contents

 

Our global operations expose us to trade and economic sanctions and other restrictions imposed by the U.S., the EU and other governments and organizations. The U.S. Departments of Justice, Commerce, State and Treasury and other federal agencies and authorities have a broad range of civil and criminal penalties they may seek to impose against corporations and individuals for violations of economic sanctions laws, export control laws, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and other federal statutes and regulations, including those established by OFAC. Under these laws and regulations, as well as other anti-corruption laws, anti-money laundering laws, export control laws, customs laws, sanctions laws and other laws governing our operations, various government agencies may require export licenses, may seek to impose modifications to business practices, including cessation of business activities in sanctioned countries or with sanctioned persons or entities and modifications to compliance programs, which may increase compliance costs, and may subject us to fines, penalties and other sanctions. A violation of these laws, regulations, policies or procedures could adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Although we have implemented policies and procedures in these areas, we cannot assure you that our policies and procedures are sufficient or that directors, officers, employees, representatives, manufacturers, suppliers and agents have not engaged and will not engage in conduct in violation of such policies and procedures.

 

We have lawsuits and claims against us with uncertain outcomes.

 

Our operations from time to time are parties to or targets of lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, asbestos, patent and intellectual property, commercial, contract, environmental, antitrust, health and safety, and employment matters, which are handled and defended in the ordinary course of business. The results of any future litigation or settlement of such lawsuits and claims are inherently unpredictable, but such outcomes could be adverse and material in amount. See Item 3. Legal Proceedings for a discussion of current litigation.

 

Costs and expenses resulting from compliance with environmental laws and regulations may negatively impact our operations and financial results. 

 

We are subject to numerous environmental laws and regulations that impose various environmental controls on us or otherwise relate to environmental protection, the sale and export of certain chemicals or hazardous materials, and various health and safety matters. The costs of complying with these laws and regulations can be significant and may increase as applicable requirements and their enforcement become more stringent and new rules are implemented. Adverse developments and/or periodic settlements could negatively impact our results of operations and cash flows. See Item 3. Legal Proceedings for a discussion of current environmental matters.

 

Additional income tax expense or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could have a negative impact on our financial results. 

 

We are subject to income tax laws and regulations in the United States and various foreign jurisdictions.  Significant judgment is required in evaluating and estimating our provision and accruals for these taxes.  Our income tax liabilities are dependent upon the location of earnings among these different jurisdictions.  Our income tax provision and income tax liabilities could be adversely affected by the jurisdictional mix of earnings, changes in valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities and changes in tax laws and regulations.  In the ordinary course of our business, we are also subject to continuous examinations of our income tax returns by tax authorities.  Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final results of any tax examination or related litigation could be materially different from our related historical income tax provisions and accruals.  Adverse developments in an audit, examination or litigation related to previously filed tax returns, or in the relevant jurisdiction’s tax laws, regulations, administrative practices, principles and interpretations could have a material effect on our results of operations and cash flows in the period or periods for which that development occurs, as well as for prior and subsequent periods.

 

Income tax law changes could have unforeseen effects on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law H.R. 1, originally known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”, hereafter referred to as “U.S. Tax Reform”. Since the passing of U.S. Tax Reform, additional guidance in the form of notices and proposed regulations which interpret various aspects of U.S. Tax Reform have been issued. As of the filing of this document, additional guidance is expected. Changes could be made to the proposed regulations as they become finalized, future legislation could be enacted, more regulations and notices could be issued, all of which may impact our financial results. We will continue to monitor all of these changes and will reflect the impact as appropriate in future financial statements. Many state and local tax jurisdictions are still determining how they will interpret elements of U.S. Tax Reform. Final state and local governments’ conformity, legislation and guidance relating to U.S. Tax Reform may impact our financial results.

 

In general, foreign tax changes could have an impact on our deferred taxes, as well as, the Company’s tax expense. We continue to monitor such reform and record any such impact in the appropriate period.

 

11

Table of Contents

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

Principal executive offices and central research facilities are located in the St. Paul, Minnesota area. These facilities are company-owned and contain 247,630 square feet. Manufacturing operations are carried out at 34 plants located throughout the United States and at 36 plants located in 21 other countries. In addition, numerous sales and service offices are located throughout the world. We believe that the properties owned or leased are suitable and adequate for our business. Operating capacity varies by product line, but additional production capacity is available for most product lines by increasing the number of shifts worked. The following is a list of our manufacturing plants as of November 30, 2019 (each of the listed properties are owned by us, unless otherwise specified):

 

Segment

 

Manufacturing

Sq Ft

 

Segment

 

Manufacturing

Sq Ft

Americas Adhesives

     

EIMEA

   

California - Roseville

 

82,202

 

Egypt - 6th of October City

 

8,525

Georgia - Covington

 

73,500

 

France - Blois

 

48,438

               - Tucker

 

69,000

 

 - Surbourg

 

21,743

Illinois - Seneca

 

24,621

 

Germany - Lueneburg

 

64,249

- Elgin - River Ridge1

 

35,239

 

 - Nienburg

 

139,248

- Elgin - Executive

 

30,000

 

                - Langelsheim1

 

123,353

- Huntley2

 

29,000

 

  - Pirmasens

 

81,278

Indiana - South Bend

 

128,218

 

Greece - Lamia

 

11,560

Kentucky - Paducah

 

252,500

 

India - Pune

 

38,782

Ohio - Blue Ash

 

102,000

 

Italy - Pianezze

 

36,500

Michigan - Grand Rapids

 

65,689

 

Portugal - Mindelo

 

90,193

Minnesota - Fridley1

 

15,850

 

Kenya - Nairobi1

 

5,262

- Vadnais Heights

 

53,145

 

United Kingdom - Dukinfield

 

17,465

New Jersey - Wayne1

 

16,000

 

EIMEA Total

 

686,596

New York - Syracuse1

 

23,000

       

South Carolina - Simpsonville

 

23,722

 

Asia Pacific

   

Texas - Mesquite

 

25,000

 

Australia - Dandenong South

 

43,540

Washington - Vancouver

 

35,768

 

 - Sydney 1

 

12,968

Argentina - Buenos Aires

 

10,367

 

People's Republic of China - Guangzhou

 

36,055

Brazil - Sorocaba2

 

7,535

 

 - Nanjing

 

55,224

- Curitiba1

 

9,896

 

 - Nanjing1

 

62,430

- Guarulhos

 

32,292

 

Indonesia - Mojokerto

 

52,991

Chile - Maipu, Santiago

 

46,732

 

Malaysia - Selongor

 

21,900

Colombia - Rionegro

 

17,072

 

New Zealand - Auckland1

 

7,330

Americas Adhesives Total

 

1,208,348

 

Philippines - Manila

 

9,295

       

Vietnam - Binh Duong1

 

26,156

Construction Adhesives

     

Asia Pacific Total

 

327,889

California - La Mirada

 

15,206

       

Canada - Ontario1

 

63,020

 

Engineering Adhesives

   

              - Toronto1

 

25,172

 

California - Irvine1

 

15,120

Florida - Gainesville

 

6,800

 

- Wilmington1

 

26,373

Georgia - Dalton

 

25,800

 

People's Republic of China - Beijing

 

78,120

Illinois - Aurora

 

149,000

 

- Beijing1

 

42,044

Michigan - Michigan Center

 

115,000

 

- Suzhou

 

73,622

New Jersey - Edison

 

9,780

 

- Yantai

 

23,890

Ohio - Chagrin Falls

 

16,500

 

Germany - Wunstorf

 

16,146

Texas - Houston

 

11,000

 

Georgia - Norcross1

 

12,398

- Mansfield

 

28,790

 

               - Ball Ground1

 

4,800

Construction Adhesives Total

 

466,068

 

Illinois - Frankfort - Corsair

 

12,500

       

- Frankfort - West Drive

 

17,000

1 Leased Property

     

Massachusetts - Peabody1

 

40,000

2 Idle Property

     

New Hampshire - Raymond1

 

12,950

       

United Kingdom - Preston1

 

34,000

       

Engineering Adhesives Total

 

408,963

 

12

Table of Contents

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

Environmental Matters

 

From time to time, we become aware of compliance matters relating to, or receive notices from, federal, state or local entities regarding possible or alleged violations of environmental, health or safety laws and regulations. We review the circumstances of each individual site, considering the number of parties involved, the level of potential liability or our contribution relative to the other parties, the nature and magnitude of the hazardous substances involved, the method and extent of remediation, the estimated legal and consulting expense with respect to each site and the time period over which any costs would likely be incurred. Also, from time to time, we are identified as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”) under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) and/or similar state laws that impose liability for costs relating to the clean up of contamination resulting from past spills, disposal or other release of hazardous substances. We are also subject to similar laws in some of the countries where current and former facilities are located. Our environmental, health and safety department monitors compliance with applicable laws on a global basis. To the extent we can reasonably estimate the amount of our probable liabilities for environmental matters, we establish a financial provision. 

 

Currently, we are involved in various environmental investigations, clean up activities and administrative proceedings and lawsuits. In particular, we are currently deemed a PRP in conjunction with numerous other parties, in a number of government enforcement actions associated with landfills and/or hazardous waste sites. As a PRP, we may be required to pay a share of the costs of investigation and clean up of these sites.

 

We are engaged in environmental remediation and monitoring efforts at a number of current and former operating facilities. As of November 30, 2019, we accrued $8.5 million, which represents our best estimate of probable liabilities with respect to environmental matters. Of the amount accrued, $4.1 million is attributable to a facility we own in Simpsonville, South Carolina as a result of our Royal Adhesives acquisition that is a designated site under CERCLA. It is reasonably possible that we may have additional liabilities related to these known environmental matters. However, the full extent of our future liability for environmental matters is difficult to predict because of uncertainty as to the cost of investigation and clean up of the sites, our responsibility for such hazardous substances and the number of and financial condition of other potentially responsible parties.

 

While uncertainties exist with respect to the amounts and timing of the ultimate environmental liabilities, based on currently available information, we have concluded that these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flow. However, adverse developments and/or periodic settlements could negatively impact the results of operations or cash flows in one or more future periods.

 

13

Table of Contents

 

Other Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time and in the ordinary course of business, we are a party to, or a target of, lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, contract, patent and intellectual property, environmental, health and safety, tax and employment matters. While we are unable to predict the outcome of these matters, we have concluded, based upon currently available information, that the ultimate resolution of any pending matter, individually or in the aggregate, including the asbestos litigation described in the following paragraphs, will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flow.

 

We have been named as a defendant in lawsuits in which plaintiffs have alleged injury due to products containing asbestos manufactured more than 30 years ago. The plaintiffs generally bring these lawsuits against multiple defendants and seek damages (both actual and punitive) in very large amounts. In many cases, plaintiffs are unable to demonstrate that they have suffered any compensable injuries or that the injuries suffered were the result of exposure to products manufactured by us. We are typically dismissed as a defendant in such cases without payment. If the plaintiff presents evidence indicating that compensable injury occurred as a result of exposure to our products, the case is generally settled for an amount that reflects the seriousness of the injury, the length, intensity and character of exposure to products containing asbestos, the number and solvency of other defendants in the case, and the jurisdiction in which the case has been brought.

 

A significant portion of the defense costs and settlements in asbestos-related litigation is paid by third parties, including indemnification pursuant to the provisions of a 1976 agreement under which we acquired a business from a third party. Currently, this third party is defending and paying settlement amounts, under a reservation of rights, in most of the asbestos cases tendered to the third party. 

 

In addition to the indemnification arrangements with third parties, we have insurance policies that generally provide coverage for asbestos liabilities (including defense costs).  Historically, insurers have paid a significant portion of our defense costs and settlements in asbestos-related litigation. However, certain of our insurers are insolvent.  We have entered into cost-sharing agreements with our insurers that provide for the allocation of defense costs and settlements and judgments in asbestos-related lawsuits.  These agreements require, among other things, that we fund a share of settlements and judgments allocable to years in which the responsible insurer is insolvent.

 

A summary of the number of and settlement amounts for asbestos-related lawsuits and claims is as follows:

 

   

Year Ended

   

Year Ended

   

Year Ended

 
   

November 30,

   

December 1,

   

December 2,

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Lawsuits and claims settled

    8       7       9  

Settlement amounts

  $ 0.4     $ 0.4     $ 1.7  

Insurance payments received or expected to be received

  $ 0.3     $ 0.3     $ 1.4  

 

We do not believe that it would be meaningful to disclose the aggregate number of asbestos-related lawsuits filed against us because relatively few of these lawsuits are known to involve exposure to asbestos-containing products that we manufactured. Rather, we believe it is more meaningful to disclose the number of lawsuits that are settled and result in a payment to the plaintiff. To the extent we can reasonably estimate the amount of our probable liabilities for pending asbestos-related claims, we establish a financial provision and a corresponding receivable for insurance recoveries. 

 

Based on currently available information, we have concluded that the resolution of any pending matter, including asbestos-related litigation, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flow.  However, adverse developments and/or periodic settlements could negatively impact the results of operations or cash flows in one or more future periods.

 

During 2018, we retained legal counsel to conduct an internal investigation of the possible resale of our hygiene products into Iran by certain customers of our subsidiaries in Turkey (beginning in 2011) and India (beginning in 2014), in possible violation of the economic sanctions against Iran administered by OFAC and our compliance policy. The sales to these customers represented less than one percent of our net revenue in each of our 2017 and 2018 fiscal years. The sales to the customers who were reselling our products into Iran ceased during fiscal year 2018 and we do not currently conduct any business in Iran. In January 2018, we voluntarily contacted OFAC to advise it of this internal investigation and our intention to cooperate fully with OFAC and, in September 2018, we submitted the results and findings of our investigation to OFAC. We have not yet received a response from OFAC. At this time, we cannot predict the outcome or effect of the investigation, however, based on the results of our investigation to date, we believe we could incur penalties ranging from zero to $10.0 million.

 

14

Table of Contents

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Part II.

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol FUL. As of January 20, 2020, there were 1,420 common shareholders of record for our common stock.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Information on our purchases of equity securities during the fourth quarter of 2019 is as follows:

 

Period

 

(a)

Total Number of Shares Purchased1

   

(b)

Average

Price Paid

per Share

   

(c)

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of a Publicly Announced Plan or Program

   

(d)

Maximum Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that may yet be Purchased Under the Plan or Program (thousands)

 
                                 

September 1, 2019 - October 5, 2019

    105     $ 45.80       -     $ 187,170  
                                 

October 6, 2019 - November 2, 2019

    2,085     $ 47.82       -     $ 187,170  
                                 

November 3, 2019 - November 30, 2019

    -     $ -       -     $ 187,170  

 

1    The total number of shares purchased include shares withheld to satisfy employees’ withholding taxes upon vesting of restricted stock.

 

On April 6, 2017, the Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $200.0 million of our outstanding common shares. Under the program, we are authorized to repurchase shares for cash on the open market, from time to time, in privately negotiated transactions or block transactions, or through an accelerated repurchase agreement. The timing of such repurchases is dependent on price, market conditions and applicable regulatory requirements. Upon repurchase of the shares, we reduced our common stock for the par value of the shares with the excess being applied against additional paid in capital. This authorization replaces the September 30, 2010 authorization to repurchase shares.

 

15

Table of Contents

 

Total Shareholder Return Graph

 

The line graph below compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock for the last five fiscal years with cumulative total return on the S&P Small Cap 600 Index and Dow Jones U.S. Specialty Chemicals Index. This graph assumes a $100 investment in each of H.B. Fuller, the S&P Small Cap 600 Index and the Dow Jones U.S. Specialty Chemicals Index at the close of trading on November 29, 2014, and also assumes the reinvestment of all dividends.

 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The table that follows presents selected financial data for each of the last five years from the Company’s consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes and with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The selected financial data set forth below as of November 30, 2019 and December 1, 2018 and for the years ended November 30, 2019, December 1, 2018 and December 2, 2017 are derived from our audited financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All other selected financial data set forth below is derived from our audited financial statements not included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

         

Fiscal Years

 
   

2019

   

2018

      2017 4       2016 2,4       2015 3,4  

Net revenue

  $ 2,897,000     $ 3,041,002     $ 2,306,043     $ 2,094,605     $ 2,083,660  
                                         

Net income including non-controlling interests1

  $ 130,844     $ 171,232     $ 59,466     $ 121,917     $ 84,287  

Percent of net revenue

    4.5       5.6       2.6       5.8       4.0  

Total assets

  $ 3,985,734     $ 4,176,314     $ 4,373,243     $ 2,066,565     $ 2,056,930  

Long-term debt, excluding current maturities

  $ 1,898,384     $ 2,141,532     $ 2,398,927     $ 585,759     $ 669,606  

Total H.B. Fuller stockholders' equity

  $ 1,222,347     $ 1,151,767     $ 1,051,424     $ 944,497     $ 882,006  
                                         

Per Common Share:

                                       
                                         

Basic

  $ 2.57     $ 3.38     $ 1.18     $ 2.43     $ 1.68  

Diluted

  $ 2.52     $ 3.29     $ 1.15     $ 2.37     $ 1.64  
                                         

Dividends declared and paid

  $ 0.635     $ 0.615     $ 0.590     $ 0.550     $ 0.510  

Book value5

  $ 23.85     $ 22.70     $ 20.85     $ 18.84     $ 17.61  
                                         

Number of employees

    6,369       6,479       5,965       4,587       4,425  

 

1 2016 and 2015 include after-tax charges of $(0.2) million and $4.7 million, respectively, related to special charges, net.

2 2016 contained 53 weeks.

3 Amounts have been adjusted retroactively for discontinued operations.

4 Amounts have been adjusted retrospectively for the change in accounting principle as discussed in Item 7.

5 Book value is calculated by dividing total H.B. Fuller stockholders' equity by the number of common stock shares outstanding as of our fiscal year end.

 

16

Table of Contents

 

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Overview

 

H.B. Fuller Company is a global formulator, manufacturer and marketer of adhesives and other specialty chemical products. We have five reportable segments: Americas Adhesives, EIMEA, Asia Pacific, Construction Adhesives and Engineering Adhesives.

 

The Americas Adhesives, EIMEA and Asia Pacific operating segments manufacture and supply adhesives products in the assembly, packaging, converting, nonwoven and hygiene, performance wood, insulating glass, flooring, textile, flexible packaging, graphic arts and envelope markets. The Construction Adhesives operating segment provides floor preparation, grouts and mortars for tile setting, and adhesives for soft flooring, and pressure-sensitive adhesives, tapes and sealants for the commercial roofing industry as well as sealants and related products for heating, ventilation and air conditioning installations. The Engineering Adhesives operating segment provides high-performance adhesives to the transportation, electronics, medical, clean energy, aerospace and defense, appliance and heavy machinery markets.

 

Total Company

 

When reviewing our financial statements, it is important to understand how certain external factors impact us. These factors include:

 

 

Changes in the prices of our raw materials that are primarily derived from refining crude oil and natural gas,

 

 

Global supply of and demand for raw materials,

 

 

Economic growth rates, and

 

 

Currency exchange rates compared to the U.S. dollar

 

We purchase thousands of raw materials, the majority of which are petroleum/natural gas derivatives. The price of these derivatives impacts the cost of our raw materials. However, the supply of and demand for key raw materials has a greater impact on our costs. As demand increases in high-growth areas, the supply of key raw materials may tighten, resulting in certain materials being put on allocation. Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, also can have an impact as key raw material producers are shut down for extended periods of time. We continually monitor capacity utilization figures, market supply and demand conditions, feedstock costs and inventory levels, as well as derivative and intermediate prices, which affect our raw materials. With approximately 75 percent of our cost of sales accounted for by raw materials, our financial results are extremely sensitive to changing costs in this area.

 

The pace of economic growth directly impacts certain industries to which we supply products. For example, adhesives-related revenues from durable goods customers in areas such as appliances, furniture and other woodworking applications tend to fluctuate with the overall economic activity. In business components such as Construction Adhesives and insulating glass, revenues tend to move with more specific economic indicators such as housing starts and other construction-related activity.

 

The movement of foreign currency exchange rates as compared to the U.S. dollar impacts the translation of the foreign entities’ financial statements into U.S. dollars. As foreign currencies weaken against the U.S. dollar, our revenues and costs decrease as the foreign currency-denominated financial statements translate into fewer U.S. dollars. The fluctuations of the Euro and the Chinese renminbi against the U.S. dollar have the largest impact on our financial results as compared to all other currencies. In 2019, currency fluctuations had a negative impact on net revenue of approximately $100.0 million as compared to 2018.

 

Key financial results and transactions for 2019 included the following:

 

 

Net revenue decreased 4.7 percent from 2018 primarily driven by a 3.3 percent decrease due to currency fluctuations, a 2.1 percent decrease in sales volume and a 0.3 percent decrease due to the divestiture of our surfactants and thickeners business. Negative drivers of growth were partially offset by a 1.0 percent increase in product pricing.

 

 

Gross profit margin increased to 27.9 percent from 27.2 percent in 2018 primarily due to favorable product pricing and lower raw material costs. Positive drivers of growth were partially offset by lower sales volumes.

 

17

Table of Contents

 

 

Cash flow generated by operating activities was $269.2 million in 2019 as compared to $253.3 million in 2018 and $166.3 million in 2017.

 

Our total year organic sales growth, which we define as the combined variances from sales volume and product pricing, decreased 1.1 percent for 2019 compared to 2018.

 

In 2019, our diluted earnings per share was $ 2.52 compared to $3.29 in 2018 and $1.15 in 2017. The lower earnings per share in 2019  compared to 2018  was due to lower net revenue and higher income tax expense, which were partially offset by lower operating costs and the gain on the sale of our surfactants and thickeners business. The higher earnings per share in 2018 compared to 2017 was due to higher net revenue, lower transaction costs related to acquisitions, and one time discrete items related to U.S. Tax Reform, which were partially offset by higher operating expenses mainly due to the impact of acquired businesses and higher interest expense due to higher U.S. debt balances at higher interest rates from the issuance of new debt in 2017.

 

Changes in Accounting Principles

 

In the fourth quarter of 2018, we elected to change our method of accounting for certain inventories in the United States within the Company’s Americas Adhesives and Construction Adhesives segments from the last-in, first-out method (“LIFO”) to weighted-average cost. We have retrospectively adjusted the Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended December 2, 2017 to reflect this change.

 

In the first quarter of 2019, we adopted a new accounting standard related to revenue recognition which requires us to recognize the amount of revenue to which we expect to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. Prior periods were not restated for this adoption.

 

In the first quarter of 2019, we also adopted a new accounting standard related to the classification of pension expense which requires us to include only the service component of pension expense in operating expenses with the other components included in non-operating expenses. We have retrospectively adjusted the Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 1, 2018 and December 2, 2017 to reflect this change. 

 

Project ONE

 

In December 2012, our Board of Directors approved a multi-year project to replace and enhance our existing core information technology platforms. The scope for this project includes most of the basic transaction processing for the company including customer orders, procurement, manufacturing, and financial reporting.  The project envisions harmonized business processes for all of our operating segments supported with one standard software configuration. The execution of this project, which we refer to as Project ONE, is being supported by internal resources and consulting services. The North America adhesives business went live in 2014.  In 2017, we began the Project ONE implementation and upgrade of our ERP system in our Latin America adhesives business and, with the exception of Brazil, was completed as of the end of 2018.  During 2019, other entities in our North America adhesives business went live and in 2020 and beyond, we will continue implementation in North America, EIMEA and Asia Pacific.  

 

Total expenditures for Project ONE are estimated to be $195 to $210 million, of which 50-55% is expected to be capital expenditures. Our total project-to-date expenditures are approximately $79 million, of which approximately $41 million are capital expenditures. Given the complexity of the implementation, the total investment to complete the project may exceed our estimate.

 

Restructuring Plans

 

2020 Restructuring Plan

 

During the fourth quarter of 2019, we approved a restructuring plan related to organizational changes and other actions to optimize operations in connection with the realignment of the Company into three global business units (“2020 Restructuring Plan”). In implementing the 2020 Restructuring Plan, we expect to incur costs of approximately $9.0 million to $11.0 million ($7.1 million to $8.7 million after-tax), which includes (i) cash expenditures of approximately $6.0 million to $8.0 million ($4.8 million to $6.4 million after tax) for severance and related employee costs globally and (ii) $3.0 million ($2.3 million after-tax) related to streamlining of processes and other restructuring-related costs. All restructuring costs are expected to be cash costs. For the year ending November 30, 2019, we incurred costs of $10.1 million under this plan. The 2020 Restructuring Plan was implemented in the fourth quarter of 2019 and is currently expected to be completed by mid-year of fiscal year 2021.

 

18

Table of Contents

 

Royal Adhesives Restructuring Plan 

 

During the first quarter of 2018, we approved a restructuring plan consisting of consolidation plans, organizational changes and other actions related to the integration of the operations of Royal Adhesives with the operations of the Company (the “Royal Adhesives Restructuring Plan”). In implementing the Royal Adhesives Restructuring Plan, we have incurred costs of approximately $10.4 million, which includes (i) cash expenditures of approximately $6.2 million for severance and related employee costs globally and (ii) other costs of approximately $4.2 million related to the optimization of production facilities, streamlining of processes and accelerated depreciation of long-lived assets. Approximately $7.9 million of the costs were cash costs. The Royal Adhesives Restructuring Plan was implemented in the first quarter of 2018 and is substantially complete.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition are based upon the Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We believe the critical accounting policies and areas that require the most significant judgments and estimates to be used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements relate to pension and other postretirement plans; goodwill impairment; long-lived assets recoverability; valuation of product, environmental and other litigation liabilities; valuation of deferred tax assets and accuracy of tax contingencies; and valuation of acquired assets and liabilities.

 

Pension and Other Postretirement Plan Assumptions

 

We sponsor defined-benefit pension plans in both the U.S. and non-U.S. entities. Also in the U.S., we sponsor other postretirement plans for health care and life insurance benefits. Expenses and liabilities for the pension plans and other postretirement plans are actuarially calculated. These calculations are based on our assumptions related to the discount rate, expected return on assets, projected salary increases and health care cost trend rates. Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements includes disclosure of assumptions employed in these measurements for both the non-U.S. and U.S. plans.

 

The discount rate assumption is determined using an actuarial yield curve approach, which results in a discount rate that reflects the characteristics of the plan. The approach identifies a broad population of corporate bonds that meet the quality and size criteria for the particular plan. We use this approach rather than a specific index that has a certain set of bonds that may or may not be representative of the characteristics of our particular plan. A higher discount rate reduces the present value of the pension obligations. The discount rate for the U.S. pension plan was 3.19 percent at November 30, 2019, as compared to 4.51 percent at December 1, 2018 and 3.73 percent at December 2, 2017. Net periodic pension cost for a given fiscal year is based on assumptions developed at the end of the previous fiscal year. A discount rate change of 0.5 percentage points at November 30, 2019 would impact U.S. pension and other postretirement plan (income) expense by approximately $0.2 million (pre-tax) in fiscal 2020. Discount rates for non-U.S. plans are determined in a manner consistent with the U.S. plans.

 

The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption for the U.S. pension plan was 7.50 percent in 2019 and 7.75 in 2018 and 2017. Our expected long-term rate of return on U.S. plan assets was based on our target asset allocation assumption of 60 percent equities and 40 percent fixed-income. Management, in conjunction with our external financial advisors, determines the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets by considering the expected future returns and volatility levels for each asset class that are based on historical returns and forward looking observations. For 2019, the expected long-term rate of return on the target equities allocation was 8.00 percent and the expected long-term rate of return on the target fixed-income allocation was 4.45 percent. The total plan rate of return assumption included an estimate of the effect of diversification and the plan expense. For 2020, the expected long-term rate of return on assets will be 7.50 percent with an expected long-term rate of return on the target equities allocation of 8.00 percent and an expected long-term rate of return on target fixed-income allocation of 4.45 percent. A change of 0.5 percentage points for the expected return on assets assumption would impact U.S. net pension and other postretirement plan expense by approximately $2.4 million (pre-tax).

 

19

Table of Contents

 

Management, in conjunction with our external financial advisors, uses the actual historical rates of return of the asset categories to assess the reasonableness of the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets. The most recent 10-year and 20-year historical equity returns are shown in the table below.  Our expected rate of return on our total portfolio is consistent with the historical patterns observed over longer time frames.

 

U.S. Pension Plan Historical Actual Rates of Return  

Total

Portfolio

   

Equities

   

Fixed

Income

 
                         

10-year period

    9.0 %     9.3 %     7.9 %

20-year period

    8.6 %     8.3 %     8.2 %* 

 

* Beginning in 2006, our target allocation migrated from 100 percent equities to our current allocation of 60 percent equities and 40 percent fixed-income. The historical actual rate of return for the fixed income of 8.2 percent is since inception (13 years, 11 months).

 

The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption for non-U.S. pension plans was a weighted-average of 6.21 percent in 2019 compared to 6.20 percent in 2018 and 6.21 percent in 2017. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption used in each non-U.S. plan is determined on a plan-by-plan basis for each local jurisdiction and is based on expected future returns for the investment mix of assets currently in the portfolio for that plan.  Management, in conjunction with our external financial advisors, develops expected rates of return for each plan, considers expected long-term returns for each asset category in the plan, reviews expectations for inflation for each local jurisdiction, and estimates the effect of active management of the plan’s assets. Our largest non-U.S. pension plans are in the United Kingdom and Germany. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets for the United Kingdom was 6.75 percent and the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets for Germany was 5.75 percent. Management, in conjunction with our external financial advisors, uses actual historical returns of the asset portfolio to assess the reasonableness of the expected rate of return for each plan.

 

The projected salary increase assumption is based on historic trends and comparisons to the external market. Higher rates of increase result in higher pension expenses. As this rate is also a long-term expected rate, it is less likely to change on an annual basis. In the U.S., we have used the rate of 4.50 percent for 2019, 2018 and 2017. Benefits under the U.S. Pension Plan were locked-in as of May 31, 2011 and no longer include compensation increases. The 4.50 percent rate is for the supplemental executive retirement plan only. Projected salary increase assumptions for non-U.S. plans are determined in a manner consistent with the U.S. plans.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is the excess of cost of an acquired entity over the amounts assigned to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a purchase business combination. Goodwill is allocated to our reporting units, which are our operating segments or one level below our operating segments (the component level). Reporting units are determined by the discrete financial information available for the component and whether it is regularly reviewed by segment management. Components are aggregated into a single reporting unit if they share similar economic characteristics. Our reporting units are as follows: Americas Adhesives, EIMEA, Asia Pacific, Flooring, Roofing, Specialty Construction, Engineering Adhesives and Tonsan.

 

We evaluate our goodwill for impairment annually during the fourth quarter or earlier upon the occurrence of substantive unfavorable changes in economic conditions, industry trends, costs, cash flows, or ongoing declines in market capitalization. The quantitative impairment test requires judgment, including the identification of reporting units, the assignment of assets, liabilities and goodwill to reporting units, and the determination of fair value of each reporting unit. The impairment test requires the comparison of the fair value of each reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. In performing the impairment test, we determined the fair value of our reporting units by using discounted cash flow (“DCF”) analyses. Determining fair value requires the Company to make judgments about appropriate discount rates, perpetual growth rates and the amount and timing of expected future cash flows. The cash flows employed in the DCF analysis for each reporting unit are based on the reporting unit's budget, long-term business plan, and recent operating performance. Discount rate assumptions are based on an assessment of the risk inherent in the future cash flows of the respective reporting unit and market conditions. Given the inherent uncertainty in determining the assumptions underlying a DCF analysis, actual results may differ from those used in our valuations. In assessing the reasonableness of the determined fair values, we also reconciled the aggregate determined fair value of the Company to the Company's market capitalization, which, at the date of our 2019 impairment test, included a 33 percent control premium.

 

20

Table of Contents

 

For the 2019 impairment test, the fair value of the reporting units exceeded the respective carrying values by 8 percent to 109 percent ("headroom"). Significant assumptions used in the DCF analysis included long-term growth rates and discount rates that ranged from 7.8 percent to 9.9 percent. An increase in the discount rate and decrease in the long-term growth rates of 0.5 percent would result in the fair value of Flooring falling below its carrying value by 6 percent. The fair value of the remaining reporting units would exceed their respective carrying values by 10 percent to 83 percent.

 

The Flooring and EIMEA reporting units had headroom of 8 percent and 21 percent, respectively. The remaining reporting units had significant fair value in excess of carrying value. As of November 30, 2019, the carrying values of goodwill assigned to the Flooring and EIMEA reporting units were $73.9 million and $151.6 million, respectively. Management will continue to monitor these reporting units for changes in the business environment that could impact recoverability. The recoverability of goodwill is dependent upon the continued growth of cash flows from our business activities. If the economy or business environment falter and we are unable to achieve our assumed revenue growth rates or profit margin percentages, our projections used would need to be remeasured, which could impact the carrying value of our goodwill in one or more of our reporting units. Most significantly, for our Flooring and EIMEA reporting units, a decrease in the planned volume revenue growth would negatively impact the fair value of the reporting units and the calculation of excess carrying value.

 

See Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information regarding goodwill.

 

Recoverability of Long-Lived Assets

 

The assessment of the recoverability of long-lived assets reflects our assumptions and estimates. Factors that we must estimate when performing impairment tests include sales volume, prices, inflation, currency exchange rates, tax rates and capital spending. Significant judgment is involved in estimating these factors, and they include inherent uncertainties. The measurement of the recoverability of these assets is dependent upon the accuracy of the assumptions used in making these estimates and how the estimates compare to the eventual future operating performance of the specific businesses to which the assets are attributed.

 

Judgments made by us include the expected useful lives of long-lived assets. The ability to realize undiscounted cash flows in excess of the carrying amounts of such assets is affected by factors such as the ongoing maintenance and improvement of the assets, changes in economic conditions and changes in operating performance.

 

Product, Environmental and Other Litigation Liabilities

 

As disclosed in Item 3. Legal Proceedings and in Note 1 and Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we are subject to various claims, lawsuits and other legal proceedings. Reserves for loss contingencies associated with these matters are established when it is determined that a liability is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The assessment of the probable liabilities is based on the facts and circumstances known at the time that the financial statements are being prepared. For cases in which it is determined that a liability is probable but only a range for the potential loss exists, the minimum amount of the range is recorded and subsequently adjusted as better information becomes available.

 

For cases in which insurance coverage is available, the gross amount of the estimated liabilities is accrued, and a receivable is recorded for any probable estimated insurance recoveries. A discussion of environmental, product and other litigation liabilities is disclosed in Item 3. Legal Proceedings and Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Based upon currently available facts, we do not believe that the ultimate resolution of any pending legal proceeding, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our long-term financial condition. However, adverse developments and/or periodic settlements could negatively affect our results of operations or cash flows in one or more future quarters.

 

Income Tax Accounting

 

As part of the process of preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements, we are required to estimate income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. The process involves estimating actual current tax expense along with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for book and tax purposes. These temporary differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that is more-likely-than-not to be realized. We have considered future taxable income and ongoing tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance. Increases in the valuation allowance result in additional expense to be reflected within the tax provision in the Consolidated Statements of Income. As of November 30, 2019, the valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets totaled $15.0 million.

 

21

Table of Contents

 

We recognize tax benefits for tax positions for which it is more-likely-than-not that the tax position will be sustained by the applicable tax authority at the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. We do not recognize a financial statement benefit for a tax position that does not meet the more-likely-than-not threshold. We believe that our liabilities for income taxes reflect the most likely outcome. It is difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of the resolution of any particular tax position. Future changes in judgment related to the resolution of tax positions will impact earnings in the quarter of such change. We adjust our income tax liabilities related to tax positions in light of changing facts and circumstances. Settlement with respect to a tax position would usually require cash. Based upon our analysis of tax positions taken on prior year returns and expected tax positions to be taken for the current year tax returns, we have identified gross uncertain tax positions of $8.9 million as of November 30, 2019.

 

We have not recorded U.S. deferred income taxes for certain of our non-U.S. subsidiaries undistributed earnings as such amounts are intended to be indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S. Should we change our business strategies related to these non-U.S. subsidiaries, additional U.S. tax liabilities could be incurred. It is not practical to estimate the amount of these additional tax liabilities. See Note 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further information on income tax accounting.

 

Acquisition Accounting

 

As we enter into business combinations, we perform acquisition accounting requirements including the following:

 

 

Identifying the acquirer,

 

Determining the acquisition date,

 

Recognizing and measuring the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed, and

 

Recognizing and measuring goodwill or a gain from a bargain purchase

 

We complete valuation procedures and record the resulting fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities based upon the valuation of the business enterprise and the tangible and intangible assets acquired. Enterprise value allocation methodology requires management to make assumptions and apply judgment to estimate the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If estimates or assumptions used to complete the enterprise valuation and estimates of the fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities significantly differed from assumptions made, the resulting difference could materially affect the fair value of net assets.

 

The calculation of the fair value of the tangible assets, including property, plant and equipment, utilizes the cost approach, which computes the cost to replace the asset, less accrued depreciation resulting from physical deterioration, functional obsolescence and external obsolescence. The calculation of the fair value of the identified intangible assets are determined using cash flow models following the income approach or a discounted market-based methodology approach. Significant inputs include estimated revenue growth rates, gross margins, operating expenses, and estimated attrition, royalty and discount rates. Goodwill is recorded as the difference in the fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities and the purchase price.

 

Results of Operations

 

Net revenue

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 2,897.0     $ 3,041.0     $ 2,306.0       (4.7 %)     31.9 %

 

We review variances in net revenue in terms of changes related to sales volume, product pricing, business acquisitions and divestitures (M&A) and changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The following table shows the net revenue variance analysis the past two years:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    (1.1 )%     3.7 %

M&A

    (0.3 )%     28.3 %

Currency

    (3.3 )%     (0.1 )%

Total

    (4.7 )%     31.9 %

 

22

Table of Contents

 

Organic growth was a negative 1.1 percent in 2019 compared to 2018. The 1.1 percent negative organic growth in 2019 was driven by a 12.0 percent decrease in Construction Adhesives and a 2.7 percent decrease in EIMEA, partially offset by 4.2 percent growth in Engineering Adhesives, 1.1 percent growth in Americas Adhesives and 1.1 percent growth in Asia Pacific. The decrease is predominately driven by a decrease in sales volume. There was a 0.3 percent decrease due to the divestiture of our surfactants and thickeners business during fiscal 2019. The negative 3.3 percent currency impact was primarily driven by a weaker Euro, Chinese renminbi, Argentinian peso, Brazilian real and Turkish lira compared to the U.S. dollar.

 

Organic growth was 3.7 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. The 3.7 percent organic growth in 2018 was driven by a 14.7 percent growth in Engineering Adhesives, 4.1 percent growth in EIMEA, 2.0 percent growth in Asia Pacific and 1.4 percent growth in Americas Adhesives, offset by a 1.1 percent decrease in Construction Adhesives. There was a 28.3 percent increase due to the acquisition of Royal Adhesives and Adecol. The negative 0.1 percent currency impact was primarily driven by a weaker Brazilian real, Argentinian peso, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar and Turkish lira offset by a stronger Mexican peso, Chinese renminbi and Euro compared to the U.S. dollar.

 

Cost of sales

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Raw materials

  $ 1,535.7     $ 1,660.1     $ 1,288.0       (7.5 )%     28.9 %

Other manufacturing costs

    554.4       552.7       419.1       0.3 %     31.9 %

Cost of sales

  $ 2,090.1     $ 2,212.8     $ 1,707.1       (5.5 )%     29.6 %

Percent of net revenue

    72.1 %     72.8 %     74.0 %                

 

Cost of sales in 2019 compared to 2018 decreased 70 basis points as a percentage of net revenue. Raw material cost as a percentage of net revenue decreased 160 basis points in 2019 compared to 2018 primarily due to an increase in product pricing and lower raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 90 basis points in 2019 compared to 2018 primarily due to the impact of lower sales volume and higher manufacturing waste and scrap costs.

 

Cost of sales in 2018 compared to 2017 decreased 120 basis points as a percentage of net revenue. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 130 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017 due to an increase in product pricing and the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 10 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

Gross profit

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Gross profit

  $ 806.9     $ 828.2     $ 599.0       (2.6 )%     38.3 %

Percent of net revenue

    27.9 %     27.2 %     26.0 %                

 

Gross profit in 2019 decreased 2.6 percent and gross profit margin increased 70 basis points compared to 2018. The increase in gross profit margin was primarily due to increased product pricing and lower raw material costs partially offset by lower sales volume and higher manufacturing waste and scrap costs.

 

Gross profit in 2018 increased 38.3 percent and gross profit margin increased 120 basis points compared to 2017. The increase in gross profit margin was primarily due to increased product pricing and the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition and lower restructuring plan costs.

 

23

Table of Contents

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

SG&A

  $ 580.9     $ 590.3     $ 479.5       (1.6 )%     23.1 %

Percent of net revenue

    20.1 %     19.4 %     20.8 %                

 

SG&A expenses for 2019 decreased $9.4 million, or 1.6 percent, compared to 2018. The decrease is primarily due to general spending reductions and the favorable impact of foreign currency exchange rates on spending outside the U.S.

 

SG&A expenses for 2018 increased $110.8 million or 23.1 percent compared to 2017. The increase is mainly due to the impact of acquired businesses and the impact of unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates on spending outside the U.S.

 

Other income (expense), net

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Other income (expense), net

  $ 37.9     $ 18.1     $ (19.2 )

 

Other income (expense), net includes foreign transaction losses of $1.2 million, $4.5 million and $2.4 million in 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Gains on disposal of assets were $24.1 million, $3.1 million and nil in 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Defined benefit pension benefit was $13.7 million, $16.9 million and $8.5 million in 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Other income of $1.3 million, $2.6 million and $0.2 million was also included in 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Additionally, 2017 includes $25.5 million of expense related to make-whole costs associated with the early repayment of certain outstanding debt obligations which were refinanced upon entering into the Term Loan B Credit Agreement.

 

Interest expense

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Interest expense

  $ 103.3     $ 111.0     $ 43.7  

 

Interest expense in 2019 compared to 2018 was lower due to lower U.S. debt balances. Interest expense in 2018 compared to 2017 was higher due primarily to higher U.S. debt balances at higher interest rates from the issuance of our 4.000% Notes and higher LIBOR rates on floating rate debt held in the U.S. We capitalized $0.4 million of interest expense in 2019 and $0.3 million of interest expense in each of 2018 and 2017.

 

Interest income

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Interest income

  $ 12.2     $ 11.7     $ 3.9  

 

Interest income in 2019 and 2018 was higher due to our cross-currency swap cash flow hedges that were entered into at the end of 2017 in conjunction with the Royal Adhesives acquisition.

 

Income tax benefit (expense)

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Income tax benefit (expense)

  $ (49.4 )   $ 6.4     $ (9.8 )

Effective tax rate

    (28.6 )%     4.1 %     (16.2 )%

 

Income tax expense of $49.4 million in 2019 includes $12.4 million of discrete tax expense related to the sale of the surfactants and thickeners business and return to accrual adjustments. Excluding the discrete tax expense of $12.4 million, the overall effective tax rate was 24.9 percent. The decrease in the overall effective tax rate for 2019 compared to 2018, excluding the impact of discrete items, is primarily due to the geographic mix of earnings.

 

The income tax benefit in 2018 of $6.4 million includes $49.0 million of discrete tax benefits in both the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions, primarily related to the impact of U.S. Tax Reform.  Excluding the discrete tax benefits of $49.0 million, the overall effective tax rate was 27.2 percent.  The increase in the overall effective tax rate for 2018 compared to 2017, excluding the impact of discrete items, is primarily due to the geographic mix of earnings, as well as withholding tax expense in foreign jurisdictions.

 

Income tax expense in 2017 of $9.8 million includes $4.1 million of discrete tax benefits in both the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions, primarily related to the release of the valuation allowance in Brazil in conjunction with the Adecol acquisition. Excluding the discrete tax benefits, the overall effective tax rate was 23.0 percent.

 

24

Table of Contents

 

Income from equity method investments

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Income from equity method investments

  $ 7.4     $ 8.2     $ 8.7  

 

The income from equity method investments relates to our 50 percent ownership of the Sekisui-Fuller joint venture in Japan. The lower income for 2019 compared to 2018 and 2018 compared to 2017 relates to lower net income in our joint venture.

 

Net income attributable to H.B. Fuller

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net income attributable to H.B. Fuller

  $ 130.8     $ 171.2     $ 59.4       (23.6 )%     188.2 %

Percent of net revenue

    4.5 %     5.6 %     2.6 %                

 

Net income attributable to H.B. Fuller was $130.8 million in 2019 compared to $171.2 million in 2018 and $59.4 million in 2017. Diluted earnings per share was $2.52 per share in 2019, $3.29 per share for 2018 and $1.15 per share for 2017.

 

Operating Segment Results

 

We are required to report segment information in the same way that we internally organize our business for assessing performance and making decisions regarding allocation of resources. For segment evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, segment operating income is defined as gross profit less SG&A expenses. Inter-segment revenues are recorded at cost plus a markup for administrative costs. Corporate expenses are fully allocated to each operating segment.

 

We have five reportable segments: Americas Adhesives, EIMEA, Asia Pacific, Construction Adhesives and Engineering Adhesives. As of the beginning of 2019, we realigned certain customers across operating segments. Prior period segment information has been recast retrospectively to reflect the realignments. The tables below provide certain information regarding the net revenue and segment operating income of each of our operating segments.

 

Net Revenue by Segment

 

   

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 
   

Net

   

% of

   

Net

   

% of

   

Net

   

% of

 

($ in millions)

 

Revenue

   

Total

   

Revenue

   

Total

   

Revenue

   

Total

 

Americas Adhesives

  $ 1,022.8       35 %   $ 1,051.4       35 %   $ 902.8       39 %

EIMEA

    640.9       22 %     697.4       23 %     564.4       24 %

Asia Pacific

    271.6       9 %     278.2       9 %     264.7       12 %

Construction Adhesives

    394.9       14 %     452.0       15 %     260.5       11 %

Engineering Adhesives

    566.8       20 %     562.0       18 %     313.6       14 %

Total

  $ 2,897.0       100 %   $ 3,041.0       100 %   $ 2,306.0       100 %

 

25

Table of Contents

 

Segment Operating Income (Loss)

 

   

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 
   

Operating

   

% of

   

Operating

   

% of

   

Operating

   

% of

 

($ in millions)

 

Income

   

Total

   

Income

   

Total

   

Income (Loss)

   

Total

 

Americas Adhesives

  $ 92.2       41 %   $ 99.0       42 %   $ 84.8       71 %

EIMEA

    22.3       10 %     29.6       12 %     17.2       14 %

Asia Pacific

    22.1       10 %     17.7       7 %     14.9       12 %

Construction Adhesives

    12.0       5 %     30.4       13 %     (15.3 )     (13 )%

Engineering Adhesives

    77.4       34 %     61.2       26 %     17.9       16 %

Total

  $ 226.0       100 %   $ 237.9       100 %   $ 119.5       100 %

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of segment operating income to income before income taxes and income from equity method investments, as reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income.

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

 

Segment operating income

  $ 226.0     $ 237.9     $ 119.5  

Other income (expense), net

    37.9       18.1       (19.1 )

Interest expense

    (103.3 )     (111.0 )     (43.7 )

Interest income

    12.2       11.7       3.9  

Income before income taxes and income from equity method investments

  $ 172.8     $ 156.7     $ 60.6  

 

Americas Adhesives

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 1,022.8     $ 1,051.4     $ 902.8       (2.7 )%     16.5 %

Segment operating income

  $ 92.2     $ 99.0     $ 84.8       (6.9 )%     16.7 %

Segment profit margin %

    9.0 %     9.4 %     9.4 %                

 

The following tables provide details of Americas Adhesives net revenue variances:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    1.1 %     1.4 %

M&A

    (1.0 )%     17.4 %

Currency

    (2.8 )%     (2.3 )%

Total

    (2.7 )%     16.5 %

 

Net revenue decreased 2.7 percent in 2019 compared to 2018. The 1.1 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to increased product pricing, partially offset by a decrease in sales volume. There was a 1.0 percent decrease due to the divestiture of our surfactants and thickeners business in fiscal 2019. The negative currency effect was due to the weaker Argentinian peso, Brazilian real, Canadian dollar and Colombian peso compared to the U.S. dollar. As a percentage of net revenue, raw material costs decreased 30 basis points. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 30 basis points. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue increased 40 basis points in 2019 as compared to 2018. Segment operating income decreased 6.9 percent and segment operating margin as a percentage of net revenue decreased 40 basis points in 2019 as compared to 2018.

 

Net revenue increased 16.5 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. The 1.4 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to increased product pricing offset by a decrease in sales volume. There was a 17.4 percent increase due to the Royal Adhesives, Adecol and Wisdom acquisitions. The negative currency effect was primarily due to the weaker Brazilian real and Argentinian peso compared to the U.S. dollar. As a percentage of net revenue, raw material costs decreased 60 basis points primarily due to increased product pricing and the impact of acquired businesses. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 70 basis points primarily due to higher delivery costs and the impact of acquired businesses. SG&A expense as a percentage of net revenue decreased 10 basis points. Segment operating income increased 16.7 percent and segment operating margin as a percentage of net revenue was flat in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

26

Table of Contents

 

EIMEA

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 640.9     $ 697.4     $ 564.4       (8.1 %)     23.6 %

Segment operating income

  $ 22.3     $ 29.6     $ 17.2       (24.7 %)     72.1 %

Segment profit margin %

    3.5 %     4.2 %     3.0 %                

 

The following table provides details of the EIMEA net revenue variances:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    (2.7 )%     4.1 %

M&A

    -       18.0 %

Currency

    (5.4 )%     1.5 %

Total

    (8.1 )%     23.6 %

 

Net revenue decreased 8.1 percent in 2019 compared to 2018. The 2.7 percent decrease in organic growth was attributable to a decrease in sales volume, partially offset by increased product pricing. The negative currency effect was primarily the result of a weaker Euro and Turkish lira compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 170 basis points due to lower raw material costs and favorable product mix. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 80 basis points due to lower sales volume. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue increased 160 basis points primarily due to higher restructuring plan costs and lower net revenue. Segment operating income decreased 24.7 percent and segment operating margin decreased 70 basis points compared to 2018.

 

Net revenue increased 23.6 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. The 4.1 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to increased product pricing offset by a decrease in sales volume. There was an 18.0 percent increase due to the Royal Adhesives acquisition. The positive currency effect was primarily the result of a stronger Euro and British pound offset by a weaker Turkish lira and Indian rupee compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 80 basis points primarily due to higher raw material costs offset by increased product pricing. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 60 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017 primarily due to lower restructuring plan costs and the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition. SG&A expense as a percentage of net revenue decreased 140 basis points due to lower restructuring plan costs. Segment operating income increased 72.1 percentand segment operating margin as a percentage of net revenue increased 120 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

Asia Pacific

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 271.6     $ 278.2     $ 264.7       (2.4 )%     5.1 %

Segment operating income

  $ 22.1     $ 17.7     $ 14.9       24.9 %     18.8 %

Segment profit margin %

    8.1 %     6.4 %     5.6 %                

 

27

Table of Contents

 

The following table provides details of Asia Pacific net revenue variances:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    1.1 %     2.0 %

M&A

    -       1.5 %

Currency

    (3.5 )%     1.6 %

Total

    (2.4 )%     5.1 %

 

Net revenue in 2019 decreased 2.4 percent compared to 2018. The 1.1 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to an increase in sales volume and product pricing. The negative currency effect was primarily the result of a weaker Chinese renminbi and Australian dollar compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 270 basis points primarily due to increased product pricing and lower raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 20 basis points. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue increased 80 basis points primarily due to lower net revenue. Segment operating income increased 24.9 percent and segment operating margin increased 170 basis points compared to 2018.

 

Net revenue in 2018 increased 5.1 percent compared to 2017. The 2.0 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to an increase in product pricing and sales volume. There was a 1.5 percent increase due to the Royal Adhesives acquisition. The positive currency effect was primarily driven by the stronger Chinese renminbi and Malaysian ringgit offset by the weaker Australian dollar and Indonesian rupiah compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 60 basis points compared to 2017 primarily due to an increase in product pricing. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 50 basis points compared to 2017. SG&A expense as a percentage of net revenue increased 30 basis points. Segment operating income increased 18.8 percent and segment operating margin increased 80 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

Construction Adhesives

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 394.9     $ 452.0     $ 260.5       (12.6 )%     73.5 %

Segment operating income (loss)

  $ 12.0     $ 30.4     $ (15.3 )     (60.5 )%     NMP  

Segment profit margin %

    3.0 %     6.7 %     (5.9 )%                

 

NMP = Non-meaningful percentage

 

The following tables provide details of Construction Adhesives net revenue variances:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    (12.0 )%     (1.1 )%

M&A

    -       74.5 %

Currency

    (0.6 )%     0.1 %

Total

    (12.6 )%     73.5 %

 

Net revenue decreased 12.6 percent in 2019 compared to 2018. The 12.0 percent decrease in organic growth was attributable to lower sales volume partially offset by increased product pricing. The negative currency effect was due to the weaker Australian dollar compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 70 basis points primarily due to increased product pricing and lower raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 220 basis points primarily due to higher production costs, the impact of lower sales volume and higher manufacturing waste and scrap costs. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue increased 220 basis points due to lower sales volume and higher restructuring plan costs. Segment operating income decreased 60.5 percent and segment operating margin decreased 370 basis points compared to 2018.

 

Net revenue increased 73.5 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. The 1.1 percent decrease in organic growth was attributable to a decrease in sales volume. There was a 74.5 percent increase due to the Royal Adhesives acquisition. The positive currency effect was due to the stronger Euro and Australian dollar compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 70 basis points compared to 2017 primarily due to higher raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 660 basis points primarily due to improved operating efficiencies related to the completion of the facility upgrade and expansion project and lower restructuring plan costs. SG&A expenses as a percentage of net revenue decreased by 670 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017 due to increased sales volume. Segment operating margin increased 1,260 basis points compared to 2017.

 

28

Table of Contents

 

Engineering Adhesives

 

($ in millions)

 

2019

   

2018

   

2017

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Net revenue

  $ 566.8     $ 562.0     $ 313.6       0.9 %     79.2 %

Segment operating income

  $ 77.4     $ 61.2     $ 17.9       26.5 %     241.9 %

Segment profit margin %

    13.7 %     10.9 %     5.7 %                

 

The following tables provide details of Engineering Adhesives net revenue variances:

 

   

2019 vs 2018

   

2018 vs 2017

 

Organic growth

    4.2 %     14.7 %

M&A

    -       62.3 %

Currency

    (3.3 )%     2.2 %

Total

    0.9 %     79.2 %

 

Net revenue increased 0.9 percent in 2019 compared to 2018. The 4.2 percent increase in organic growth was attributable to an increase in sales volume, partially offset by decreased product pricing. Sales volume growth was primarily driven by strong performance in the electronics and new energy markets. The negative currency effect was due to a weaker Chinese renminbi and Euro compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 380 basis points due to favorable product mix and lower raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 220 basis points due to higher production and integration costs. SG&A expense as a percentage of net revenue decreased 120 basis points due to lower compensation costs. Segment operating income increased 26.5 percent and segment operating margin increased 280 basis points compared to 2018.

 

Net revenue increased 79.2 percent in 2018 compared to 2017. The 14.7 percent increase in organic growth is attributable to an increase in sales volume and product pricing. Sales volume growth was primarily driven by strong performance in the Tonsan and automotive markets. There was a 62.3 percent increase due to the acquisition of Royal Adhesives. The positive currency effects were primarily driven by the stronger Chinese renminbi, Euro and British pound offset by the weaker Turkish lira and Brazilian real compared to the U.S. dollar. Raw material costs as a percentage of net revenue decreased 350 basis points due to increased product pricing and the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition partially offset by higher raw material costs. Other manufacturing costs as a percentage of net revenue increased 400 basis points primarily due to the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition. SG&A expense as a percentage of net revenue decreased 570 basis points compared to 2017 primarily due to higher sales volume and the impact of the Royal Adhesives acquisition. Segment operating income increased 241.9 percent and segment operating margin increased 520 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Total cash and cash equivalents as of November 30, 2019 were $112.2 million compared to $150.8 million as of December 1, 2018. Total long and short-term debt was $1,979.1 million as of November 30, 2019 and $2,247.5 million as of December 1, 2018.

 

We believe that cash flows from operating activities will be adequate to meet our ongoing liquidity and capital expenditure needs. In addition, we believe we have the ability to obtain both short-term and long-term debt to meet our financing needs for the foreseeable future. Cash available in the United States has historically been sufficient and we expect it will continue to be sufficient to fund U.S. operations, U.S. capital spending and U.S. pension and other postretirement benefit contributions in addition to funding U.S. acquisitions, dividend payments, debt service and share repurchases as needed. For those international earnings considered to be reinvested indefinitely, we currently have no intention to, and plans do not indicate a need to, repatriate these funds for U.S. operations.

 

29

Table of Contents

 

Our credit agreements include restrictive covenants that, if not met, could lead to a renegotiation of our credit lines and a significant increase in our cost of financing. At November 30, 2019, we were in compliance with all covenants of our contractual obligations as shown in the following table:

 

Covenant

Debt Instrument