10-K 1 msn-10k_20170331.htm 10-K msn-10k_20170331.htm

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2017

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                      

Commission File Number 001-07731

 

EMERSON RADIO CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

22-3285224

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

 

 

3 University Plaza, Suite 405, Hackensack, NJ

 

07601

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:

(973) 428-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $.01 per share

NYSE MKT

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.      YES      NO.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act).      YES      NO.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirement for the past 90 days.      YES      NO.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).      YES      NO.

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 232.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).      YES      NO.

Aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity of the registrant held by non-affiliates of the registrant at September 30, 2016 (computed by reference to the last reported sale price of the Common Stock on the NYSE MKT on such date): $12,124,280.

Number of Common Shares outstanding at June 26, 2017: 27,047,376

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

 

Document

Part of the

Form 10-K

Proxy Statement for 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or an amendment

to this Annual Report on Form 10-K

Part III

 

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

 

3

 

 

 

Item 1. BUSINESS

 

4

 

 

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

8

 

 

 

Item 2. PROPERTIES

 

16

 

 

 

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

16

 

 

 

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

16

 

 

 

PART II

 

17

 

 

 

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

17

 

 

 

Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

18

 

 

 

Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

19

 

 

 

Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

24

 

 

 

Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

25

 

 

 

Item 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

43

 

 

 

Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

43

 

 

 

Item 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

43

 

 

 

PART III

 

44

 

 

 

Item 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

44

 

 

 

Item 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

44

 

 

 

Item 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

44

 

 

 

Item 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

44

 

 

 

Item 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

44

 

 

 

PART IV

 

44

 

 

 

Item 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

44

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

47

 

 

 

Exhibit 21.1

 

 

Exhibit 23.1

 

 

Exhibit 31.1

 

 

Exhibit 31.2

 

 

Exhibit 32

 

 

 

 

2


 

PART I

Forward-Looking Information

This report contains forward looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 under Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements include statements with respect to the Company’s beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations, assumptions, estimates, intentions, and future performance, and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may be beyond the Company’s control, and which may cause its actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be forward-looking statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements through the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “can,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “should,” “indicate,” “would,” “believe,” “contemplate,” “expect,” “seek,” “estimate,” “continue,” “plan,” “project,” “predict,” “could,” “intend,” “target,” “potential,” and other similar words and expressions of the future. These forward-looking statements may not be realized due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation:

 

the Company’s ability to generate sufficient revenue to achieve and maintain profitability;

 

the Company’s ability to obtain new customers and retain key existing customers, including the Company’s ability to maintain purchase volumes of the Company’s products by its key customers;

 

the Company’s ability to obtain new licensees and distribution relationships and maintain relationships with its existing licensees and distributors;

 

the Company’s ability to resist price increases from its suppliers or pass through such increases to its customers;

 

the decline in, and any further deterioration of, consumer spending for retail products, such as the Company’s products;

 

the Company’s ability to maintain effective internal controls or compliance by its personnel with such internal controls;  

 

the Company’s ability to successfully manage its operating cash flows to fund its operations;

 

the Company’s ability to anticipate market trends, enhance existing products or achieve market acceptance of new products;

 

the Company’s dependence on a limited number of suppliers for its components and raw materials;

 

the Company’s dependence on third party manufacturers to manufacture and deliver its products;

 

changes in consumer spending and economic conditions;

 

the ability of third party sales representatives to adequately promote, market and sell the Company’s products;

 

the Company’s ability to maintain, protect and enhance its intellectual property;

 

the effects of competition;

 

the Company’s ability to distribute its products in a timely fashion, including as a result of labor disputes;

 

changes in foreign laws and regulations and changes in the political and economic conditions in the foreign countries in which the Company operates;

 

changes in accounting policies, rules and practices;

 

the level of the Company’s stock repurchase activity;

 

limited access to financing or increased cost of financing;

 

the effects of currency fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and Chinese renminbi relative to the dollar and increases in costs of production in China; and

 

the other factors listed under “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the SEC.

All forward-looking statements are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary notice. The reader is cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this annual report or the date of the document incorporated by reference into this annual report. The Company has no obligation, and expressly disclaims any obligation, to update, revise or correct any of the forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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The Company has expressed its expectations, beliefs and projections in good faith and the Company believes they have a reasonable basis. However, the Company cannot assure the reader that its expectations, beliefs or projections will result or be achieved or accomplished.

Item 1.

BUSINESS

The Company — Overview

Unless the context otherwise requires, the term “the Company” and “Emerson,” refers to Emerson Radio Corp. and its subsidiaries.

Emerson Radio Corp. was incorporated in Delaware in 1994. The Company designs, sources, imports and markets a variety of houseware and consumer electronic products, and licenses its trademarks to others on a worldwide basis for a variety of products.

General

The Company, directly and through several subsidiaries, designs, sources, imports, markets, sells and licenses to certain licensees a variety of houseware and consumer electronic products, both domestically and internationally, under the Emerson® brand name.

The Company believes its competitive advantages include a combination of:

 

recognition of the Emerson® brand;

 

the Company’s distribution base and established customer relations;

 

the Company’s sourcing expertise and established vendor relations;

 

an infrastructure with personnel experienced in servicing and providing logistical support to the domestic mass merchant distribution channel, or supervising third-party logistics providers in providing same; and

 

the Company’s extensive experience in establishing license and distribution agreements on a global basis for a variety of products.

The Company intends to continue leveraging its core competencies to offer a variety of current and new houseware and consumer electronic products to customers. In addition, the Company intends to continue entering into licenses for the use of its trade names and trademarks by third parties. See “Licensing Activities.”

The Company’s core business consists of selling, distributing, and licensing various low and moderately priced houseware and consumer electronic products in various categories. All of the Company’s marketing and sales efforts are currently concentrated in the United States.

For additional disclosures regarding the Company’s major customers, as well as financial information about geographical areas of the Company’s operations, see Item 8 – “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and Note 13 “Geographic Information”.

Products

The Company’s current product and branded categories consist primarily of the following:

 

Houseware Products

 

Audio Products

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

Microwave Ovens

 

Clock Radios

 

Televisions

 

 

 

 

 

Compact Refrigerators

 

 

 

Mobile and Landline Telephones and Accessories

 

 

 

 

 

Wine Products

 

 

 

Tablet Computers and Accessories

 

 

 

 

 

 Toaster Ovens

 

 

 

Cameras and Video Cameras and Accessories

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miscellaneous Electronic and Novelty Products

 

4


 

Sales and Distribution

The Company markets its products exclusively in the United States, primarily through mass merchandisers.

In fiscal 2017, Walmart accounted for approximately 53% and Fred Meyer accounted for approximately 17% of the Company’s net revenues. In fiscal 2016, Target accounted for approximately 42% and Wal-Mart accounted for approximately 31% of the Company’s net revenues. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of net revenues in either period. As a percent of the Company’s total trade accounts receivable, net of specific reserves, Wal-Mart and Fred Meyer accounted for 91% and nil as of March 31, 2017, respectively. As a percent of the Company’s total trade accounts receivable, net of specific reserves, Target and Walmart accounted for nil and 88% as of March 31, 2016, respectively. Management believes that a loss, or a significant reduction, of sales to either of its top two customers would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and results of operations.

Approximately 25% and 55% of the Company’s net revenues in fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively, were made through third-party sales representative organizations that receive sales commissions and work in conjunction with the Company’s own sales personnel. With the Company’s permission, third-party sales representative organizations may sell competitive products in addition to the Company’s products. In most instances, either party may terminate a sales representative relationship on 30 days prior notice by the Company and 90 days prior notice by the sales representative organization in accordance with customary industry practice. In fiscal 2017, the Company utilized 7 sales representative organizations, including one which represented approximately 23% of its net revenues. In fiscal 2016, the Company utilized 8 sales representative organizations, including one which represented approximately 41% of its net revenues, including revenues from one of the Company’s two major customers described above and one which represented approximately 13% of net revenues. No other sales representative organization accounted for more than 10% of net revenues in fiscal 2017 or fiscal 2016. The remainder of the Company’s sales is to customers that are serviced by its sales personnel. Although sales and operating results could be negatively impacted, management does not believe that the loss of one or more sales representative organizations would have a material adverse effect on its business and results of operations, as the Company believes that new sales representative organizations could be identified if needed, although that could be a time consuming process.

The Company’s Direct Import Program allows its customers to import and receive product directly from an export port in the country of manufacture outside the United States. Under the Direct Import Program, title for the Company’s product passes to the customer in the country of origin when the product is shipped by the Company’s subsidiary in China. The Company also sells product to customers from its United States warehoused inventory, which is referred to as the Domestic Program. Under the Domestic Program, title for product typically passes at the time of shipment. Under both programs, the Company recognizes revenues at the time title passes to the customer. See Item 7 — “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” During fiscal 2017, none of the Company’s net product sales were sold under the Direct Import Program. During fiscal 2016, 47% of the Company’s net product sales were sold under the Direct Import Program.

The Company has an integrated system to coordinate the purchasing, sales and distribution aspects of its operations. The Company receives orders from its major customers via electronic data interface, facsimile, telephone or mail. The Company does not have long-term contracts with any of its customers, but rather receives orders on an ongoing basis. Products imported by the Company for the Domestic Program, generally from factories in Asia, are shipped by ocean and/or inland freight and then stored in the Company’s outsourced warehouse facilities for shipment to customers. The Company monitors its inventory levels and goods in transit through the use of an electronic inventory system. When a purchase order under the Domestic Program is received, it is filled from the Company’s inventory and the warehoused product is labeled and prepared for outbound shipment to the customer by common, contract or small package carrier.

Licensing Activities

The Company is party to one license agreement with a third party licensee that allow the licensee to manufacture and/or sell various products bearing the Company’s trademarks into defined geographic areas. Such activities have had a positive impact on operating results by generating income with minimal incremental costs and without any working capital requirements, and the Company intends to continue pursuing additional licensing opportunities. The Company protects its brand through careful license and product selection and control processes. Historically, the Company’s most significant licensee of the Emerson® brand name in the United States was Funai. As previously disclosed, the Company’s relationship with Funai terminated effective as of December 31, 2016. The Company is analyzing the impacts of the Funai termination to its business and is identifying strategic courses of action for consideration, including seeking new licensing relationships. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to secure a new licensee or distribution relationship to replace the licensing revenue, product volume and market presence of Emerson-branded products in the United States, which had been provided through the license agreement with Funai.

See Item 1A — “Risk Factors — Business Related Risks — “The failure by the Company to obtain new licensees and distribution relationships and maintain relationships with its existing licensees and distributors could materially and adversely affect

5


 

the Company’s revenues, earnings and business.”, Item 7 — “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 10 “License Agreements”.

Design and Manufacturing

The Company’s products are manufactured by original equipment manufacturers in accordance with the Company’s specifications. During fiscal 2017 and 2016, 100% of the Company’s purchases consisted of finished goods from foreign manufacturers located in People’s Republic of China.

The Company’s design team is responsible for product development and works closely with suppliers and determines the cosmetic and other features for new products. Accordingly, the exterior designs and operating features of the products reflect the Company’s judgment, or that of its customers, of current styles and consumer preferences.

The following summarizes the Company’s purchases from its major suppliers that provided more than 10% of the Company’s total purchases in fiscal 2017 and 2016:

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Supplier

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Midea

 

 

75

%

 

 

53

%

Itoma

 

 

16

%

 

*

 

Hisense

 

*

 

 

 

41

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Less than 10%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Company considers its relationships with its suppliers to be satisfactory and believes that, barring any unusual material or part shortages or economic, fiscal or monetary conditions, the Company could develop alternative suppliers. No assurance can be given that ample supply of product would be available at current prices and on current credit terms if the Company were required to seek alternative sources of supply without adequate notice by a supplier or a reasonable opportunity to seek alternate production facilities and component parts (see Item 1A “Risk Factors — Business Related Risks — The Company depends on a limited number of suppliers for its products. If our relationships with such suppliers terminate or are otherwise impaired, we would likely experience increased costs, disruptions in the manufacture and shipment of our products and a material loss of net sales.” and Item 7 — “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”).

Warranties

The Company offers limited warranties for its consumer electronics, comparable to those offered to consumers by the Company’s competitors in the United States. Such warranties typically consist of a one year period for microwaves and compact refrigerators and a 90 day period for audio products, under which the Company pays for labor and parts, or offers a new or similar unit in exchange for a non-performing unit.

Returned Products

The Company’s customers return product for a variety of reasons, including:

 

retailer return policies which allow customer returns for no reason concerning the quality of the product itself;

 

damage to goods in transit and cosmetic imperfections; and

 

mechanical failures.

Backlog

The Company does not believe that backlog is a significant factor. The ability of management to correctly anticipate and provide for inventory requirements is essential to the successful operation of the Company’s business.

6


 

Trademarks

The Company owns the following principal trademarks for certain consumer electronic products in the United States, Canada, Mexico and various other countries:

 

Emerson®

 

Emerson Research®

 

H.H. Scott®

 

iDEA®

 

IDIVA®

 

Ölevia®

 

Scott®

 

SmartSet®

The Company’s trademark registrations must be renewed at various times. The Company intends to renew all trademarks necessary for the conduct of its business. The Company considers the Emerson® trademark to be of material importance to its business and, to a lesser degree, the remaining trademarks. The Company licenses the Emerson® and certain of its other trademarks to third parties, the scope of which is on a limited product and geographic basis and for a period of time. See “Licensing Activities.”

Competition

The Company primarily competes in the low-to-medium-priced sector of the housewares and consumer electronics market. Management estimates that the Company has several dozen competitors that are manufacturers and/or distributors, many of which are much larger and have greater financial resources than the Company. The Company competes primarily on the basis of:

 

brand recognition;

 

reliability;

 

quality;

 

price;

 

design;

 

consumer acceptance of the Company’s products; and

 

the quality of service and support provided to retailers and their customers.

The Company also competes at the retail level for shelf space and promotional displays, all of which have an impact on its success in established and proposed distribution channels.

Government Regulation

Pursuant to the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, the Trade Act of 1974 and regulations promulgated there under, the United States government charges tariff duties, excess charges, assessments and penalties on many imports. These regulations are subject to continuous change and revision by government agencies and by action of the United States Trade Representative and may have the effect of increasing the cost of goods purchased by the Company or limiting quantities of goods available to the Company from our overseas suppliers. A number of states have adopted statutes regulating the manner of determining the amount of payments to independent service centers performing warranty service on products such as those sold by the Company. Additional Federal legislation and regulations regarding the importation of consumer electronics products, including the products marketed by the Company, have been proposed from time to time and, if enacted into law, could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

Product Liability and Insurance

Because of the nature of the products it sells, the Company is periodically subject to product liability claims resulting from personal injuries. The Company may also become involved in various lawsuits incidental to its business.

7


 

Although the Company maintains product liability insurance coverage, there can be no absolute assurance that the Company’s coverage limits will be sufficient to cover any successful product liability claims made against it in the future. In management’s opinion, any ultimate liability arising out of currently pending product liability claims will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. However, any claims substantially in excess of the Company’s insurance coverage, or any substantial claim not covered by insurance, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

Employees

As of June 8, 2017, the Company had approximately 32 employees, comprised of 17 in the United States and 15 in China. None of the Company’s employees are represented by unions, and the Company believes its labor relations are good.

Available Information

The Company files reports and other information with the SEC pursuant to the information requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Readers may read and copy any document the Company files at the SEC’s public reference room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operations of the public reference room. The Company’s filings with the SEC are also available to the public from commercial document retrieval services and at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

The Company makes available through its internet website free of charge its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, amendments to such reports and other filings made by the Company with the SEC, as soon as practicable after the Company electronically files such reports and filings with the SEC. The Company’s website address is www.emersonradio.com. The information contained in the Company’s website is not incorporated by reference in this report.

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

The reader should carefully consider these risk factors in addition to those set forth in the Company’s financial statements or the notes thereto. Additional risks about which the Company is not yet aware or that the Company currently believes to be immaterial also may adversely affect the Company’s business operations. If any of the following occur, the Company’s business, financial condition or operating results may be adversely affected. In that case, the price of the Company’s common stock may decline.

Business Related Risks

The Company relies on a small number of key customers for the majority of its business, and the loss or significant reduction in business with any of these key customers would materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and earnings.

Certain customers have historically made up a significant percentage of the Company’s product sales and net revenues. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, Walmart and Fred Meyer accounted for approximately 53% and 17%, respectively, of the Company’s net revenues. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 Target and Wal-Mart accounted for approximately 42% and 31% of the Company’s net revenues, respectively. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s net revenues during these periods. All customer purchases are made through purchase orders and the Company does not have any long-term contracts with its customers. Accordingly, sales from customers that have accounted for a significant portion of the Company’s net product sales and net revenues in past periods, individually or as a group, may not continue in future periods, or if continued, may not reach or exceed historical levels in any period. For example, commencing in the Spring of 2016, one of the Company’s key customers discontinued retailing in its stores the Emerson-branded microwave oven and compact refrigeration products historically sold to this customer by the Company. Some of the Company’s key customers may also experience economic difficulties or otherwise default on their obligations to the Company. The complete loss of, or significant reduction in business from, or a material adverse change in the financial condition of, any of the Company’s key customers would cause a material and adverse change in the Company’s revenues and operating results.

The Company is dependent on a limited number of products for its sales.

We derive a substantial portion of our product revenues from a limited number of products, and we expect these products to continue to account for a large percentage of our product revenues in the near term. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2017, the Company’s gross product sales were comprised of four product types within two categories — housewares products and audio products, and two of these product types, namely microwave ovens and compact refrigerators — both within the housewares category — generated approximately 82% of the Company’s gross product sales, with microwave ovens generating approximately 71% of the total and compact refrigerators generating approximately 11% of the total. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2016, the

8


 

Company’s gross product sales were comprised of the same four product types within the same two categories — housewares products and audio products, and two of these product types, namely microwave ovens and compact refrigerators — both within the housewares category — generated approximately 93% of the Company’s gross product sales, with microwave ovens generating approximately 56% of the total and compact refrigerators generating approximately 37% of the total. Because the market for these product types and categories is characterized by periodic new product introductions, the Company’s future financial performance will depend, in part, on the successful and timely development and customer acceptance of new and enhanced versions of these product types and other products distributed by the Company. There can be no assurance that the Company will continue to be successful in marketing these products types within these categories or any other new or enhanced products. For example, certain of the Company’s key customers perform periodic line reviews to assess their product offerings, which have in the past and may in the future lead to loss of business and pricing pressures. As a result of this dependence, a significant decline in pricing of, or market acceptance of these product types and categories, either in general or specifically as marketed by the Company, would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operation.

The loss or reduction of business of one or a combination of our microwave oven and compact refrigerator products could materially adversely affect our revenues, financial condition and results of operations.

If the Company’s third party sales representatives fail to adequately promote, market and sell the Company’s products, the Company’s revenues could significantly decrease.

A significant portion of the Company’s product sales are made through third party sales representative organizations, whose members are not employees of the Company. The Company’s level of sales depends on the effectiveness of these organizations, as well as the effectiveness of its own employees. Some of these third party representatives may sell (and do sell), with the Company’s permission, competitive products of third parties as well as the Company’s products. During the Company’s fiscal years ended March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016, these organizations were responsible for approximately 25% and 55%, respectively, of its net revenues during such periods. In addition, one of these representative organizations was responsible for a significant portion of these revenues. If any of the Company’s third party sales representative organizations engaged by the Company, especially the Company’s largest, fails to adequately promote, market and sell its products, the Company’s revenues could be significantly decreased until a replacement organization or distributor could be retained by the Company. For example, despite the efforts of the Company’s third party sales representative organization, one of the Company’s key customers, commencing with the Spring of 2016, discontinued retailing in its stores the Emerson-branded microwave oven and compact refrigeration products historically sold to this customer by the Company. The loss or reduction of product sales made through third party sales representative organizations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and results of operations. Finding replacement organizations and distributors could be a time consuming process during which the Company’s revenues could be negatively impacted.

The concentration of product sales among a limited number of retailers and the trend toward private label brands could materially reduce revenues and profitability.

With the concentration of the Company’s product sales among a limited number of retailers, the Company is dependent upon a small number of customers whose bargaining strength is growing. These retailers generally purchase a limited selection of houseware and consumer electronic products. As a result, there is significant competition for retail shelf space. In addition, certain of the Company’s key customers use their own private label brands that compete directly with some of the Company’s products. As the retailers in the houseware and consumer electronic industry become more concentrated, competition for sales to these retailers may increase, which could materially reduce the Company's revenues and profitability.

The houseware and consumer electronic industry is consolidating, which could reduce the Company’s ability to successfully secure product placements at key customers and limit its ability to sustain a cost competitive position in the industry.

Over the past several years, the houseware and consumer electronic industry has undergone substantial consolidation, and further consolidation is likely. As a result of this consolidation, the houseware and consumer electronic industry primarily consists of a limited number of large retailers and distributors. The Company’s ability to gain or maintain share of sales in the houseware and consumer electronic industry or maintain or enhance its relationships with key customers may be limited as a result of actions by competitors or the retailers’ increasing use of private label brands.

The failure to obtain new licensees and distribution relationships and maintain relationships with its existing licensees and distributors could materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues, earnings and business.

The Company maintains agreements that allow licensees to use the Company’s trademarks for the manufacture and sale of specific consumer electronics and other products into defined geographic areas. Although the Company has entered into agreements

9


 

with certain of its licensees most have terms of three years or less. The Company cannot assure that its agreements with its licensees will be renewed in the future or that the Company’s relationships with its licensees or distributors will be maintained on satisfactory terms or at all. For example, as previously disclosed, the Company’s relationship with Funai, historically the Company’s most significant licensee, terminated in December 2016. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, Funai accounted for approximately 78% of the Company’s total licensing revenue.  Funai also contributed substantial product volume and market presence through its manufacture and distribution of products utilizing the Emerson® brand name in the United States. If the Company is unable to maintain its relationships with its licensees and distributors on terms satisfactory to the Company, or if it fails to obtain new licensees or distribution relationships or the Company’s licensees fail to protect the integrity and reputation of the Company’s trademarks, the value of the Emerson brand and the Company’s licensing revenues and earnings could be materially and adversely affected.

The Company depends on a limited number of suppliers for its products. If our relationships with such suppliers terminate or are otherwise impaired, we would likely experience increased costs, disruptions in the manufacture and shipment of our products and a material loss of net sales.

Although there are multiple potential suppliers for each of the Company’s products, the Company relies and is dependent on a limited number of suppliers for its main products, all of which are located outside of the United States.

The Company does not have any long-term or exclusive purchase commitments with any of its suppliers. Midea was the Company’s largest supplier and accounted for 75% of the Company’s purchases of products during fiscal 2017. The Company’s failure to maintain existing relationships with its suppliers or to establish new relationships on similar pricing and credit terms in the future could negatively affect the Company’s ability to obtain products in a timely manner. If the Company is unable to obtain an ample supply of product from its existing suppliers or secure alternative sources of supply, it may be unable to satisfy its customers’ orders, which could materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and relationships with its customers. Finding replacement suppliers could be a time consuming process during which the Company’s revenues and liquidity could be negatively impacted.

Increases in costs of products may materially reduce the Company’s profitability.

Factors that are largely beyond the Company’s control, such as the cost, quality and availability of the raw materials and components needed by suppliers of the Company’s products, may affect the cost of such products, and the Company may not be able to pass those costs on to its customers. As an example, when the prices of petroleum increase significantly, the Company’s profitability may be negatively impacted.

If the Company is unable to deliver products in the required amounts and in a timely fashion, the Company could experience delays or reductions in shipments to its customers, which could materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and relationships with its customers.

The Company’s ability to provide high quality customer service, process and fulfill orders, and manage inventory depends on the efficient and uninterrupted operation and timely and uninterrupted performance of its suppliers. The Company can provide no assurances that it will not experience operational difficulties with its suppliers, including reductions in the availability of production capacity, errors in complying with product specifications, insufficient quality control, failures to meet production deadlines, increases in manufacturing costs and increased lead times. If the Company is unable to obtain products from these factories in the required quantities and quality and in a timely fashion, the Company could experience delays or reductions in product shipments to its customers, which could negatively affect the Company’s ability to meet the requirements of its customers, as well as its relationships with its customers, which in turn could materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and operating results.

All the Company’s suppliers are based in China and as a result the Company is subject to risks associated with international operations and global manufacturing and sourcing including, among others:

 

currency fluctuations;

 

labor disputes and union actions that can disrupt our ability to ship products to customers;

 

potential political, economic and social instability;

 

inclement weather and natural disasters;

 

possible acts of terrorism;

 

restrictions on transfers of funds;

 

changes in import and export duties and quotas;

10


 

 

changes in domestic and international customs and tariffs;

 

uncertainties involving the costs to transport products;

 

disruptions in the global transportation network;

 

unexpected changes in regulatory environments;

 

regulatory issues involved in dealing with foreign suppliers and in exporting and importing products;

 

protection of intellectual property;

 

difficulty in complying with a variety of foreign laws;

 

difficulty in obtaining distribution and support; and

 

potentially adverse tax consequences.

Furthermore, any material disruption, slowdown or shutdown of the operation of the Company’s principal logistics providers and shippers, including without limitation as a result of labor disputes, inclement weather, natural disasters, possible acts of terrorism, availability of shipping containers and increased security restrictions, could cause delays in the Company’s ability to receive, process and fulfill customer orders and may cause orders to be canceled, lost or delivered late, goods to be returned or receipt of goods to be refused. As a result, the Company’s relationships with its customers, revenues and operating results could be materially and adversely affected.

The Company relies on a third-party logistics provider for the storage and distribution of its products in the United States and, if such third party logistics provider incurs any damage to the facilities where the Company’s products are stored or is unable to distribute its products as needed, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations and business.

The Company relies on a third-party logistics provider for the storage and distribution of its products. The facilities where the Company’s products are stored by such provider may also be harmed or rendered inoperable by natural or man-made disasters, including earthquakes, power outages, communications failure or terrorism. Any material damage to the facilities where the Company’s products are stored could adversely affect its inventory and the ability of such third-party logistics provider to meet the needs of its customers. In addition, an inability to maintain the Company’s contracts with such third-party logistics providers or a disruption or slowdown in the operations of such third-party logistics providers, including as a result of damage to the facilities of such providers or a strike by such providers, could cause delays in the Company’s ability to fulfill customer orders and may cause orders to be canceled, lost or delivered late, the Company’s products to be returned or receipt of products to be refused, any of which could adversely affect the Company’s business and results of operations. The Company’s contract with its third-party logistics provider is terminable upon written notice by either party for convenience without cause. If the Company is unable to maintain its contract with its third-party logistics provider, the Company would be required to retain a new third party logistics provider and the Company may be unable to retain such third party at a cost that is acceptable to the Company. If the Company’s shipping costs were to increase as a result of an increase by such third-party logistics providers or as a result of obtaining a new third-party logistics provider and if the Company is unable to pass on these higher costs to its customers, it could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations and business.

The Company’s business could be materially and adversely affected if it cannot protect its intellectual property rights or if it infringes on the intellectual property rights of others.

The Company’s ability to compete effectively depends on its ability to maintain and protect its proprietary rights. The Company owns the Emerson® and other trademarks, which are materially important to its business, as well as other trademarks, patents, licenses and proprietary rights that are used for certain of the products that it markets and sells. The Company’s trademarks are registered throughout the world, including the United States and other countries. The Company also has two patents in the United States on its SmartSet® technology, both of which expire in September 2018. The laws of some foreign countries in which the Company operates may not protect the Company’s proprietary rights to the same extent as do laws in the United States. The protections afforded by the laws of such countries may not be adequate to protect the Company’s intellectual property rights.

Third parties may seek to challenge, invalidate, circumvent or render unenforceable any trademarks, patents or proprietary rights owned by or licensed to the Company. In addition, in the event third party licensees fail to protect the integrity of the Company’s trademarks, the value of these marks could be materially and adversely affected. The Company’s inability to protect its proprietary rights could materially and adversely affect the license of its trade names, trademarks and patents to third parties as well as its ability to sell its products. Litigation may be necessary to enforce the Company’s intellectual property rights, protect the Company’s trade

11


 

secrets; and determine the scope and validity of such intellectual property rights. Any such litigation, whether or not successful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management’s attention from the operation of the Company’s business.

The Company may receive notices of claims of infringement of other parties’ proprietary rights. Such actions could result in litigation and the Company could incur significant costs and diversion of resources in defending such claims. The party making such claims could secure a judgment awarding substantial damages, as well as injunctive or other equitable relief. Such relief could effectively block the Company’s ability to make, use, sell, distribute or market its products and services in such jurisdiction. The Company may also be required to seek licenses to such intellectual property. The Company cannot predict, however, whether such licenses would be available or, if available, that such licenses could be obtained on terms that are commercially reasonable and acceptable to the Company. The failure to obtain the necessary licenses or other rights could delay or preclude the sale, manufacture or distribution of its products and could result in increased costs to the Company.

The Company’s revenues and earnings could be materially and adversely affected if it cannot anticipate market trends or enhance existing products or achieve market acceptance of new products.

The Company’s success is dependent on its ability to anticipate and respond to changing consumer demands and trends in a timely manner, as well as expanding into new markets and sourcing new products that are profitable to the Company. In addition, to increase the Company’s penetration of current markets and gain footholds in new markets for its products, the Company must maintain its existing products and integrate them with new products. The Company may not be successful in sourcing, marketing and releasing new products that respond to technological developments or changing customer needs and preferences. The Company may also experience difficulties that could delay or prevent the successful development, introduction and sale of these new products. These new products may not adequately meet the requirements of the marketplace and may not achieve any significant degree of market acceptance. If release dates of any future products or enhancements to the Company’s products are delayed, or if these products or enhancements fail to achieve market acceptance when released, the Company’s sales volume may decline and earnings could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, new products or enhancements by the Company’s competitors may cause customers to defer or forgo purchases of the Company’s products, which could also materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and earnings.

Cash generated by operating activities represents the Company’s principal source of funding and therefore the Company depends on its ability to successfully manage its operating cash flows to fund its operations.

The Company does not maintain any credit facilities (other than certain letters of credit) in connection with the operation of its business. The Company has relied on, and continues to rely on, its cash on hand and cash generated by operations to manage its business. Certain of the Company’s major factory suppliers, including Midea, extend credit lines to the Company in amounts based on various factors, including the amounts of the Company’s purchases and their internal credit criteria, and in the past have reduced the maximum amount of open credit lines available to the Company. The loss of, or reduction in, credit lines from the Company’s principal suppliers could reduce the Company’s liquidity, increase its working capital needs or limit its ability to purchase products which could adversely affect its financial condition or results of operations. If the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations, the Company may need to secure alternative means of financing or reorganize its operations to continue to maintain the current business.

Foreign regulations and changes in the political, social and economic conditions in the foreign countries in which the Company operates its business could affect the Company’s revenues and earnings materially and adversely.

The Company has operations in China and derives a significant portion of its revenue from sales of products manufactured by third parties located in China. In addition, third parties located in China and other countries located in the same region produce and supply many of the components and raw materials used in the Company’s products. Conducting an international business inherently involves a number of difficulties and risks that could materially and adversely affect the Company’s ability to generate revenues and could subject the Company to increased costs. Among the factors that may adversely affect the Company’s revenues and increase its costs are:

 

currency fluctuations which could cause an increase in the price of the components and raw materials used in the Company’s products and a decrease in its profits;

 

Chinese labor laws;

 

labor shortages affecting the Company’s facilities and its suppliers’ manufacturing facilities located in China;

 

the elimination or reduction of value-added tax refunds to Chinese factories that manufacture products for export;

 

the rise of inflation and substantial economic growth in China;

12


 

 

more stringent export restrictions in the countries in which the Company operates which could adversely affect its ability to deliver its products to its customers;

 

tariffs and other trade barriers which could make it more expensive for the Company to obtain and deliver its products to its customers;

 

political instability and economic downturns in these countries which could adversely affect the Company’s ability to obtain its products from its manufacturers or deliver its products to its customers in a timely fashion;

 

new restrictions on the sale of electronic products containing certain hazardous substances; and

 

the laws of China are likely to govern many of the Company’s supplier agreements.

Any of the factors described above may materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenues and/or increase its operating expenses.

The Company is subject to intense competition in the industry in which it operates, which could cause material changes in the selling price of its products or losses of its market share.

The housewares and consumer electronics industry is highly competitive, especially with respect to pricing and the introduction of new products and features. The Company’s products compete in the low to medium-priced sector of the housewares and consumer electronics market and compete primarily on the basis of reliability, brand recognition, quality, price, design, consumer acceptance of the Emerson® trademark and quality service and support to retailers and its customers. The Company and many of its competitors are subject to factory cost increases, and the Company expects these pressures to continue. If these pressures are not mitigated by increases in selling price or cost reductions from the Company’s suppliers or changes in product mix, or if the consumers of the Company’s products change their buying habits as a result of the Company’s actions, the Company’s revenues and profits could be substantially reduced. As compared to the Company, many of its competitors have significantly greater managerial, financial, marketing, technical and other competitive resources and greater brand recognition. As a result, the Company’s competitors may be able to (i) adapt more quickly to new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements; (ii) devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of their products and services; and (iii) respond more effectively to pricing pressures.   Competition could increase if new companies enter the market, existing competitors expand their product mix or the Company expands into new markets. An increase in competition could result in material price reductions or loss of the Company’s market share.

In addition, the industry in which the Company competes generally has low barriers to entry that allow the introduction of new products or new competitors at a fast pace. Some retailers have begun to introduce their own private label products, which could reduce the volume of product they buy from the Company, as well as decrease the shelf space they allocate to the Company’s products. If the Company is unable to protect the Company’s brand image and authenticity, the Company may be unable to effectively compete with these new market entrants or new products.

Changes in consumer spending and economic conditions may cause the Company’s quarterly operating results to fluctuate and cause its stock price to decline.

The Company’s net revenue and operating results may vary significantly from year to year, which may adversely affect its results of operations and the market price for its common stock. Factors that may cause these fluctuations include:

 

changes in market and economic conditions;

 

the discretionary nature of consumers’ demands and spending patterns;

 

variations in the sales of the Company’s products to its significant customers;

 

variations in manufacturing and supplier relationships;

 

if the Company is unable to correctly anticipate and provide for inventory requirements, it may not have sufficient inventory to deliver its products to its customers in a timely fashion or the Company may have excess inventory that it is unable to sell;

 

new product developments or introductions;

 

product reviews and other media coverage;

 

competition, including competitive price pressures; and

 

political instability, war, acts of terrorism or other disasters.

13


 

The Company could be exposed to product liability or other claims for which its product liability or other insurance may be inadequate.

A failure of any of the products marketed by the Company may subject it to the risk of product liability claims and litigation arising from injuries allegedly caused by the improper functioning or design of its products. Although the Company currently maintains product liability insurance in amounts which the Company considers adequate, the Company cannot assure that:

 

its insurance will provide adequate coverage against potential liabilities;

 

adequate product liability insurance will continue to be available in the future; or

 

its insurance can be maintained on acceptable terms.

Although the Company maintains liability insurance in amounts that it considers adequate, the Company cannot assure that such policies will provide adequate coverage against potential liabilities. To the extent product liability or other litigation losses are beyond the limits or scope of the Company’s insurance coverage, the Company’s expenses could materially increase.

An information systems interruption or breach in security, including as a result of cyber-attacks, could adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations and reputation.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company electronically maintains sensitive data, including intellectual property, its proprietary business information and that of its customers and suppliers, and some personally identifiable information of employees, in its facilities and on its networks. The secure processing, maintenance and transmission of this information is important to the Company’s operations. A breach of the Company’s security systems and procedures or those of its vendors could result in significant data losses or theft of the Company’s customers' or the Company’s employees' intellectual property, proprietary business information or personally identifiable information.  A cybersecurity breach could negatively affect the Company’s reputation. 

Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and may be difficult to detect for long periods of time, the Company may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventive measures. In addition, hardware, software or applications the Company procures from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture or other problems that could unexpectedly compromise information security. Unauthorized parties may also attempt to gain access to the Company’s systems or facilities through fraud, trickery or other forms of deceiving its employees. Accordingly, the Company may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate security barriers or other preventative measures, or if such measures are implemented, and even with appropriate training conducted in support of such measures, human errors may still occur. It is virtually impossible for the Company to entirely mitigate this risk. A party, whether internal or external, who is able to circumvent the Company’s security measures could misappropriate information.

If the Company fails to reasonably maintain the security of confidential information, the Company may suffer significant reputational and financial losses and the Company’s results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, and liquidity may be adversely affected. In addition, a system breach could result in other negative consequences, including disruption of internal operations, and may subject the Company to private litigation, government investigations, enforcement actions, and cause the Company to incur potentially significant liability, damages, or remediation costs.

Stock Ownership Risks

There is a limited trading market for the Company’s common stock and the market price of the Company’s common stock is subject to volatility.

The Company’s common stock, which trades on the NYSE MKT, has experienced, and may experience in the future, significant price and volume fluctuations, which could adversely affect the market price of the Company’s common stock. The market price of the Company’s common stock could fluctuate significantly in response to various factors and events, including:

 

actual or anticipated variations in operating results and cash flows;

 

loss of a key customer, licensee or supplier;

 

announcements or events that affect the Company’s products, customers, competitors or markets;

 

general business conditions in the markets and industry in which the Company competes;

 

the Company’s stock repurchase program;

14


 

 

concentration of holdings of the Company’s common stock; and

 

other events or factors, including those listed under this section entitled “Risk Factors.”

In addition, the securities markets have experienced significant price and volume fluctuations over the past several years that have often been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also have a material adverse effect on the market price of the Company’s common stock.

The Company is a “controlled company” within the meaning of the NYSE MKT rules and, as a result, qualifies for, and relies on, exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements. As a result, the Company’s shareholders do not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to such requirements.

Grande, through one of its indirect subsidiaries, is the beneficial owner of approximately 56.3% of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of June 15, 2017. As a result, the Company is a “controlled company” within the meaning of the NYSE MKT Company Guide. Under the NYSE MKT rules, a company of which more than 50% of the voting power is held by another person or group of persons acting together is a controlled company and may elect not to comply with certain NYSE MKT corporate governance requirements, including the requirements that:

 

a majority of the Company’s Board of Directors consist of independent directors;

 

the Company has a nominating committee that is composed entirely of independent directors with a written charter addressing the committee’s purpose and responsibilities; and

 

the Company has a compensation committee that is composed entirely of independent directors with a written charter addressing the committee’s purpose and responsibilities.

The Company has elected to use certain of these exemptions and the Company may continue to use all or some of these exemptions in the future for so long as the Company is a controlled company. The Company’s Board of Directors acts as the nominating committee and compensation committee and determines the compensation and benefits of the Company’s executive officers, administers its employee stock and benefit plans, and reviews policies relating to the compensation and benefits of its employees. Although all board members have fiduciary obligations in connection with compensation matters, the Company’s lack of an independent compensation committee presents the risk that any executive officers who are also directors may have influence over their personal compensation and benefits levels that may not be commensurate with the Company’s financial performance. Accordingly, shareholders of the Company do not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all of the corporate governance requirements of the NYSE MKT.

 

The controlling ownership of the Company’s common stock by an indirect subsidiary of Grande substantially reduces the influence of other stockholders, and the interests of Grande may conflict with the interests of the Company’s other stockholders.

Grande, through one of its indirect subsidiaries, is the beneficial owner of approximately 56.3% of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of June 15, 2017. As a result, Grande will be able to exert significant influence over the Company’s business and have the ability to control the approval process for actions by the Company that require stockholder approval, including: the election of the Company’s directors and the approval of mergers, sales of assets or other significant corporate transactions or matters submitted for stockholder approval. Grande may have interests that differ from your interests and may cause the shares in the Company beneficially owned by Grande to be voted in a way with which you disagree and that may be adverse to your interests. In addition, several provisions of the Company’s organizational documents and Delaware law may deter or prevent a takeover attempt, including a takeover attempt in which the potential purchaser offers to pay a per share price greater than the current market price of its common stock. Under the terms of the Company’s certificate of incorporation, its board of directors has the authority, without further action by the stockholders, to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series and to fix the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions thereof. These provisions could discourage potential acquisition proposals and could delay or prevent a change in control transaction. They could also have the effect of discouraging others from making tender offers for the Company’s common stock, including transactions that may be in your best interests.

Certain of the Company’s directors and officers may have actual or potential conflicts of interest because of their relationships with Grande, and accordingly have loyalties and fiduciary obligations to both Grande and the Company.

Mr. Christopher Ho, the Company’s Chairman of the Board, and Mr. Duncan Hon, the Chief Executive Officer and a director of the Company, and Mr. Michael Binney, the Chief Financial Officer and a director of the Company, have material relationships with Grande that may have actual or potential conflicts of interest with their duties to the Company. Messrs. Hon and Binney also serve as the Chief Executive Officer and Group Chief Financial Officer, respectively, and as executive directors of Grande. As described in Note 3 to the Company’s financial statements and in the Company’s previous filings with the SEC, there have historically been certain

15


 

related party transactions between the Company and certain subsidiaries and affiliates of Grande. Although the Company has established procedures designed to ensure that material related party transactions are fair to the Company, transactions between the Company and Grande, even if entered into on an arm’s-length basis, create the potential for, or could result in, conflicts of interests.

The Company’s board of directors has formed a Special Committee of independent directors to explore strategic alternatives. However, there can be no assurances that any transaction will occur, or if such a transaction does occur, the value of that transaction to the Company or its shareholders.

The Company’s board of directors formed an ad hoc Special Committee consisting solely of independent directors in March 2013 to evaluate possible strategic alternatives intended to enhance stockholder value. These alternatives could include, among others, possible joint ventures, strategic partnerships, marketing alliances, sale of all or some of our assets or other possible transactions. However, there can be no assurance that any such strategic transaction will occur. In addition, if such a transaction occurs, there can be no assurances as to the value of any such transaction to the Company or its stockholders.

Item 2.

PROPERTIES

The following table sets forth the material properties leased by the Company:

 

Facility Purpose

 

Approximate

Square

Footage

 

 

Location

 

Lease Expires

Corporate headquarters

 

 

5,541

 

 

Hackensack, NJ

 

July 2018

Hong Kong office

 

 

6,162

 

 

Hong Kong, China

 

July 2019

Macao office

 

 

960

 

 

Macao, China

 

May 2020

 

The Company presently relies on warehouse space from its third party logistics provider.

The Company believes that the properties used for its operations are in satisfactory condition and adequate for its present and anticipated future operations. The Company does not currently own any of the properties it occupies.

Item 3.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is not currently a party to any legal proceedings other than litigation matters, in most cases involving ordinary and routine claims incidental to its business. Management cannot estimate with certainty the Company’s ultimate legal and financial liability with respect to such pending litigation matters. However, management believes, based on its examination of such matters, that the Company’s ultimate liability will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable

 

 

16


 

PART II

Item 5.

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER REPURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

(a) Market Information

The Company’s common stock began trading on the American Stock Exchange under the symbol MSN on December 22, 1994, and currently trades on the NYSE MKT under the same symbol, as a result of NYSE Euronext’s acquisition of the American Stock Exchange in 2008. The following table sets forth the range of high and low sales prices for the Company’s common stock as reported by the NYSE MKT during the last two fiscal years.

 

 

 

Fiscal 2017

 

 

Fiscal 2016

 

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 

First Quarter

 

$

0.87

 

 

$

0.55

 

 

$

1.46

 

 

$

1.12

 

Second Quarter

 

 

1.10

 

 

 

0.58

 

 

 

1.31

 

 

 

1.05

 

Third Quarter

 

 

1.05

 

 

 

0.69

 

 

 

1.28

 

 

 

0.82

 

Fourth Quarter

 

 

1.40

 

 

 

1.00

 

 

 

1.10

 

 

 

0.83

 

 

There is no established trading market for the Company’s Series A convertible preferred stock, whose conversion feature expired as of March 31, 2002.

(b) Holders

At June 8, 2017, there were 197 stockholders of the Company’s common stock whose shares were registered with the Company’s transfer agent. The Company believes that the number of beneficial owners is substantially greater than the number of registered shareholders, because a large portion of the Company’s common stock is held of record in broker “street names”.

(c) Dividends

The Company has not paid cash dividends on its common stock since an extraordinary dividend paid on September 30, 2014, and does not currently plan to declare dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future.  The payment of dividends, if any, would be at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and would depend on the Company’s results of operations, capital requirements, financial condition, prospects, contractual arrangements, and other factors that the Board of Directors may deem relevant.

17


 

(d) Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The following table reports information regarding repurchases by the Company of its common stock during the twelve months ended March 31, 2017:

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities (1)

 

 

Period

 

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

 

 

Average Price

Paid per Share

 

 

Total Number

of Shares

Purchased as

Part of

Publicly

Announced

Plans or

Programs

 

 

Approximate

Dollar Value

of Shares

that May Yet

be Purchased

Under the

Plans or

Programs

 

December 1 through December 31, 2016

 

18,600

 

 

$1.00

 

 

18,600

 

 

 

$4,981,361

 

January 1 through January 31, 2017

 

43,609

 

 

$1.06

 

 

43,609

 

 

 

$4,935,331

 

February 1 through February 28, 2017

 

1,771

 

 

$1.10

 

 

1,771

 

 

 

$4,933,383

 

March 1 through March 31, 2017

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

$4,933,383

 

Total

 

 

63,980

 

 

 

$1.04

 

 

 

63,980

 

 

 

$4,933,383

 

 

(1)

In December 2016, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the repurchase of up to $5 million of the Company’s common stock under a new stock repurchase plan. The repurchases may be effected from time to time at prevailing market prices, through open market or in privately negotiated transactions, which may include, in whole or in part, the establishment of a purchase program pursuant to the safe harbor provided by Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act, through block purchases or through accelerated or forward or similar stock purchases. Repurchased shares are held in treasury. In March 2017 the Board of Directors extended the repurchase program through September 2017, and in May 2017 further extended the repurchase program to December 31, 2017, unless completed sooner or otherwise extended.

Item 6.

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

Not applicable.

 

18


 

Item 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of the Company’s operations and financial condition should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect the Company’s plans, estimates and beliefs. The Company’s actual results could differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those under Item 1A – “Risk Factors” or in other parts of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

In the following discussions, most percentages and dollar amounts have been rounded to aid presentation. As a result, all figures are approximations.

Results of Operations:

The following table summarizes certain financial information for the fiscal years ended March 31 (in thousands):

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Net product sales

 

$

17,635

 

 

$

41,035

 

Licensing revenue

 

 

3,616

 

 

 

4,716

 

Net revenues

 

 

21,251

 

 

 

45,751

 

Cost of sales

 

 

16,277

 

 

 

38,819

 

Other operating costs and expenses

 

 

199

 

 

 

367

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

5,101

 

 

 

7,970

 

Operating (loss)

 

 

(326

)

 

 

(1,405

)

Interest income, net

 

 

261

 

 

 

178

 

(Loss) before income taxes

 

 

(65

)

 

 

(1,227

)

Provision (benefit) for income tax expense

 

 

172

 

 

 

(259

)

Net (loss)

 

$

(237

)

 

$

(968

)

 

Results of Operations — Fiscal 2017 compared with Fiscal 2016

Net product sales — Net product sales for fiscal 2017 were $17.6 million as compared to $41.0 million for fiscal 2016, a decrease of $23.4 million, or 57.0% as detailed below. The Company’s sales during fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 were highly concentrated among the Company’s two largest customers - Wal-Mart and Fred Meyer in fiscal 2017, and Target and Wal-Mart in fiscal 2016 - where gross product sales comprised approximately 85.8% and 82.9% of the Company’s total gross product sales in fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. Net product sales may be periodically impacted by adjustments made to the Company’s sales allowance and marketing support accrual to record unanticipated customer deductions from accounts receivable or to reduce the accrual by any amounts which were accrued in the past but not taken by customers through deductions from accounts receivable within a certain time period. In the aggregate, these adjustments had the effect of increasing net product sales and operating income by $0.3 million and $0.1 million for fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. Net product sales are comprised primarily of the sales of houseware and audio products which bear the Emerson® brand name. The major elements which contributed to the overall decrease in net product sales were as follows:

 

i)

Houseware product net sales decreased $24.4 million, or 62.9%, to $14.4 million in fiscal 2017 as compared to $38.8 million in fiscal 2016, principally driven by a decrease in sales of compact refrigerators, microwave ovens and wine products. The year-over-year decreases were driven mainly by product discontinuations by one of the Company’s former key customers, lower year-over-year retail sell through on existing models and competitive pricing activity.

 

ii)

Audio product net sales were $3.2 million in fiscal 2017 compared to $2.2 million in fiscal 2016, an increase of $1.0 million, or 45.4%, resulting from increased net sales of clock radios.

Business operations —Emerson will continue to expand the existing distribution channels and to develop and promote new products to regain shelf spaces in these retailers in the USA. Emerson is also investing in products and marketing activities to expand its sales through internet and ecommerce channels. These efforts would require investments in appropriate human resources, media marketing and development of products in various categories in addition to the traditional home appliances and audio products that Emerson has focused.

Emerson has taken active steps to further streamline its operations to reduce and control its operating costs. The operating costs for fiscal 2017 were reduced to $5.1 million as compared to $7.9 million for fiscal 2016.

19


 

Licensing revenue — Licensing revenue in fiscal 2017 was $3.6 million as compared to $4.7 million for fiscal 2016, a decrease of $1.1 million, or 23.3%, driven by lower year-over-year sales by the Company’s licensees of Emerson ® branded product.

The Company’s largest license agreement was with Funai which accounted for approximately 78% and 79% of the Company’s total fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 licensing revenue, respectively. During fiscal 2017 and 2016 licensing revenues of $2.8 million and $3.75 million, respectively, were earned under this agreement.

As previously disclosed, on December 16, 2015, the Company received written notice from Funai stating its intention to terminate the agreement, with termination to be effective on December 31, 2016. In accordance with the agreement, in June 2016 Funai paid to the Company the full balance of the contracted non-refundable minimum annual royalty through the December 31, 2016 termination date in the amount of $2.8 million. This licensing relationship contributed substantial product volume and market presence through Funai’s manufacture and distribution of products bearing the Emerson® brand name in the United States and its loss is expected to materially and adversely affect the Company’s revenue, earnings and business. The Company is analyzing the impacts of the Funai termination to its business and is identifying strategic courses of action for consideration, including seeking new licensing relationships. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to secure a new licensee or distribution relationship to replace the licensing revenue, product volume and market presence of Emerson-branded products in the United States, which had been provided through the license agreement with Funai.

Net revenues — As a result of the foregoing factors, the Company’s net revenues were $21.3 million for fiscal 2017 as compared to $45.8 million for fiscal 2016, a decrease of $24.5 million, or 53.6%.

Cost of sales — Cost of sales includes those components as described in Note 1 “Cost of Sales” of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. In absolute terms, cost of sales decreased $22.5 million, or 58.1%, to $16.3 million in fiscal 2017 as compared to $38.8 million in fiscal 2016. Cost of sales as a percentage of net product sales was 92.3% in fiscal 2017 as compared to 94.6% in fiscal 2016. The decrease in absolute terms for fiscal 2017 as compared to fiscal 2016 was primarily related to the reduced net product sales and lower year-over-year gross cost of sales as a percentage of gross sales.

Other operating costs and expenses — Other operating costs and expenses include those components as described in Note 1 “Other Operating Costs and Expenses” of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Other operating costs and expenses as a percentage of net product sales was 1.1% in fiscal 2017 and 0.9% in fiscal 2016. In absolute terms, other operating costs and expenses was $0.2 million in fiscal 2017 as compared to $0.4 million in fiscal 2016.

Selling, general and administrative expenses (“S,G&A”) — S,G&A, as a percentage of net revenues, was 24.0% in fiscal 2017 as compared to 17.4% in fiscal 2016. Fiscal 2017 S,G&A, in absolute terms, was $5.1 million and fiscal 2016 S,G&A, in absolute terms, was $7.9 million, a decrease of $2.8 million, or 36.0%.

Analysis of S,G&A

Fiscal 2017 S,G&A included approximately $0.2 million in legal and advisory fees pertaining to work performed for the Special Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors and approximately $16,000 in tax advisory fees related to the audit of the Company’s tax returns by the IRS, as mentioned elsewhere within this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Fiscal 2016 S,G&A included approximately $0.3 million in legal and advisory fees pertaining to work performed for the Special Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors and approximately $0.5 million in tax advisory fees related to the audit of the Company’s tax returns by the IRS, as mentioned elsewhere within this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Excluding the aforementioned items, the fiscal 2017 S,G&A was $4.9 million and the fiscal 2016 S,G&A was $7.2 million, a decrease of $2.3 million, or 31.6%, primarily due to lower year-over-year corporate and personnel costs.

Interest income, net — Interest income, net, was $261,000 in fiscal 2017 as compared to $178,000 in fiscal 2016, resulting from an increase of its investments in Certificates of Deposit during fiscal 2017.

Provision (benefit) for income tax expense — In fiscal 2017, the Company recorded income tax expense of $0.2 million, of which approximately $0.3 million was recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 resulting from a valuation allowance recorded against its deferred tax asset, as compared to an income tax benefit of $0.3 million in fiscal 2016. See Note 5 “Income Taxes”.

Net (loss) — As a result of the foregoing factors, the Company recorded a net loss of $0.2 million for fiscal 2017 as compared to a net loss of $1.0 million for fiscal 2016.

20


 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $27.5 million as compared to approximately $30.1 million at March 31, 2016. Working capital increased to $56.0 million at March 31, 2017 as compared to $55.7 million at March 31, 2016. The decrease in cash and cash equivalents of approximately $2.6 million was due to the below factors.

Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $1.9 million for fiscal 2017 resulting from a $2.1 million decrease in accounts receivable, a $1.2 million decrease in royalty receivable, a $1.2 million decrease in inventories, a $0.6 million decrease in deferred tax assets and a $0.1 million decrease in prepaid purchases partially offset by a $0.9 million increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets,  a $0.9 million decrease in accounts payable and other current liabilities, a $0.5 million increase in asset allowances, a $0.5 million decrease in due to affiliates, a $0.3 million decrease in income taxes payable and a $0.2 million loss generated during the period.

Net cash used by investing activities was $4.4 million due to $4.9 million of investments made in short term certificates of deposit, partially offset by a reduction in restricted cash of $0.5 million.

Net cash used by financing activities was approximately $66,000 resulting from treasury stock purchases made during fiscal 2017 under the Company’s $5.0 million stock repurchase program authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors in December 2016. The program has been extended until December 31, 2017.

Credit Arrangements

Letters of Credit — The Company has utilized Hang Seng Bank in the past to issue letters of credit on behalf of the Company, as needed, on a 100% cash collateralized basis, although no letter of credit agreement is in place between the Company and Hang Seng Bank or any financial institution. The last letter of credit placed with Hang Seng Bank on this basis was in May 2014. At March 31, 2017, the Company had no outstanding letters of credit. In the event that the Company does have outstanding letters of credit with Hang Seng Bank, a like amount of cash is posted by the Company as collateral against such outstanding letters of credit, and is classified as Restricted Cash on the balance sheet.

Short-term Liquidity

The Company’s principal existing sources of cash are generated from operations. The Company believes that its cash on hand and existing sources of cash will be sufficient to support its existing operations over the next 12 months.

Historically, a significant percentage of the Company’s product sales were made under the Direct Import Program. The direct importation of product by the Company to its customers can significantly benefit the Company’s liquidity because this inventory does not need to be financed by the Company. In fiscal 2017, however, there were no product sales imported directly to the Company’s customers due to changes in the Company’s key customers.

As of March 31, 2017, there were no capital expenditure or other commitments other than the normal purchase orders used to secure product.

As described above, the Company’s license agreement with Funai was terminated by Funai effective on December 31, 2016. This event has had a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash position. The Company is analyzing the impacts to its business of these events and is identifying strategic courses of action for consideration.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of March 31, 2017, the Company did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Critical Accounting Policies

The discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations are based upon its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles that are generally accepted within the United States. The preparation of the Company’s financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Management considers certain accounting policies related to

21


 

inventories, trade accounts receivables, impairment of long-lived assets, valuation of deferred tax assets, sales return reserves and sales allowance accruals to be critical policies due to the estimation processes involved in each.

Revenue Recognition. Revenues from product distribution are recognized at the time title passes to the customer. Under the Direct Import Program, title passes in the country of origin. Under the Domestic Program, title passes primarily at the time of shipment. Estimates for possible returns are based upon historical return rates and netted against revenues. Except in connection with infrequent sales with specific arrangements to the contrary, returns are not permitted unless the goods are defective.

In addition to the distribution of products, the Company grants licenses for the right to use the Company’s trademarks for a stated term for the manufacture and/or sale of consumer electronics and other products under agreements which require payment of either i) a non-refundable minimum guaranteed royalty or, ii) the greater of the actual royalties due (based on a contractual calculation, normally comprised of actual product sales by the licensee multiplied by a stated royalty rate, or “Sales Royalties”) or a minimum guaranteed royalty amount. In the case of (i), such amounts are recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the license agreement. In the case of (ii), Sales Royalties in excess of guaranteed minimums are accounted for as variable fees and are not recognized as revenue until the Company has ascertained that the licensee’s sales of products have exceeded the guaranteed minimum. In effect, the Company recognizes the greater of Sales Royalties earned to date or the straight-line amount of minimum guaranteed royalties to date. In the case where a royalty is paid to the Company in advance, the royalty payment is initially recorded as a liability and recognized as revenue as the royalties are deemed to be earned according to the principles outlined above.

Inventories. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out basis. The Company records inventory reserves to reduce the carrying value of inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory reserves may be required. Conversely, if market conditions improve, such reserves are reduced.

Trade Accounts Receivable. The Company extends credit based upon evaluations of a customer’s financial condition and provides for any anticipated credit losses in the Company’s financial statements based upon management’s estimates and ongoing reviews of recorded allowances. If the financial condition of a customer deteriorates, resulting in an impairment of that customer’s ability to make payments, additional reserves may be required. Conversely, reserves are reduced to reflect credit and collection improvements.

Income Taxes. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce the amount of its deferred tax assets to the amount that management estimates is more likely than not to be realized. While management considers future taxable income and ongoing tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance, in the event that management determines that a deferred tax asset will likely be realized in the future in excess of the net recorded amount, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would increase income in the period such determination was made. Likewise, if it is determined that all or part of a net deferred tax asset will likely not be realized in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would be charged to income in the period such determination was made.

Sales Return Reserves. Management must make estimates of potential future product returns related to current period product revenue. Management analyzes historical returns, current economic trends and changes in customer demand for our products when evaluating the adequacy of the reserve for sales returns. Management judgments and estimates must be made and used in connection with establishing the sales return reserves in any accounting period. Additional reserves may be required if actual sales returns increase above the historical return rates. Conversely, the sales return reserve could be decreased if the actual return rates are less than the historical return rates, which were used to establish the reserve.

Sales Allowance and Marketing Support Accruals. Sales allowances, marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives which are provided to retailers and distributors are accounted for on an accrual basis as a reduction to net revenues in the period in which the related sales are recognized in accordance with ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, subtopic 50 “Customer Payments and Incentives” and Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletins 101 “Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements,” and 104 “Revenue Recognition, corrected copy” (“SAB’s 101 and 104”).

At the time of sale, the Company reduces recognized gross revenue by allowances to cover, in addition to estimated sales returns as required by ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition.”, subtopic 15 “Products”, (i) sales incentives offered to customers that meet the criteria for accrual under ASC topic 605, subtopic 50 and (ii) under SAB’s 101 and 104, an estimated amount to recognize additional non-offered deductions it anticipates and can reasonably estimate will be taken by customers which it does not expect to recover. Accruals for the estimated amount of future non-offered deductions are required to be made as contra-revenue items because that percentage of shipped revenue fails to meet the collectability criteria within SAB 104’s and 101’s four revenue recognition criteria, all of which are required to be met in order to recognize revenue.

22


 

If additional marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives are required to promote the Company’s products subsequent to the initial sale, then additional reserves may be required and are accrued for when such support is offered.

Recently-Issued Financial Accounting Pronouncements

The following Accounting Standards Updates (“ASUs”) were issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board during the twelve months ended March 31, 2017 or during the interim period between March 31, 2017 and June 26, 2017 which relate to or could relate to the Company as concerns the Company’s normal ongoing operations or the industry in which the Company operates:

Accounting Standards Update 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805) Clarifying the Definition of a Business (Issued January 2017)

Under the current implementation guidance in Topic 805, there are three elements of a business—inputs, processes, and outputs. While an integrated set of assets and activities (collectively referred to as a “set”) that is a business usually has outputs, outputs are not required to be present. In addition, all the inputs and processes that a seller uses in operating a set are not required if market participants can acquire the set and continue to produce outputs, for example, by integrating the acquired set with their own inputs and processes. The amendments in this Update provide a screen to determine when a set is not a business. The screen requires that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. This screen reduces the number of transactions that need to be further evaluated. If the screen is not met, the amendments in this Update (1) require that to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output and (2) remove the evaluation of whether a market participant could replace missing elements. The amendments provide a framework to assist entities in evaluating whether both an input and a substantive process are present. The framework includes two sets of criteria to consider that depend on whether a set has outputs. Although outputs are not required for a set to be a business, outputs generally are a key element of a business; therefore, the Board has developed more stringent criteria for sets without outputs. Lastly, the amendments in this Update narrow the definition of the term output so that the term is consistent with how outputs are described in Topic 606. Public business entities should apply the amendments in this Update to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-18 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Restricted Cash (Issued November 2016)

The amendments in this Update require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-17 Consolidation (Topic 810) Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control (Issued October 2016)

This Update amends the consolidation guidance on how a reporting entity that is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity (VIE) should treat indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity when determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of that VIE. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-16 Income Taxes (Topic 740) Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (Issued October 2016)

This Update amends current GAAP, which prohibits the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer until the asset has been sold to an outside party, to require entities to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Consequently, the amendments in this Update eliminate the exception for an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those annual reporting periods. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

23


 

Accounting Standards Update 2016-15 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (Issued August 2016)

The amendments in this Update provide guidance on the following eight specific cash flow issues: (1) Debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (2) Settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (3) Contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (4) Proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, (5) Proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, (6) Distributions received from equity method investees, (7) Beneficial interests in securitization transactions, and (8) Separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-13 Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326) Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Issued June 2016)

The amendments in this Update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset(s) to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. The income statement reflects the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets, as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. An entity must use judgment in determining the relevant information and estimation methods that are appropriate in its circumstances. The allowance for credit losses for purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination (PCD assets) that are measured at amortized cost basis is determined in a similar manner to other financial assets measured at amortized cost basis; however, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Only subsequent changes in the allowance for credit losses are recorded as a credit loss expense for these assets. Interest income for PCD assets should be recognized based on the effective interest rate, excluding the discount embedded in the purchase price that is attributable to the acquirer’s assessment of credit losses at acquisition. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-10 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing (Issued April 2016)

The core principle of the guidance in Topic 606 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve that core principle, an entity should apply the following steps: 1. Identify the contract(s) with a customer. 2. Identify the performance obligations in the contract. 3. Determine the transaction price. 4. Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract. 5. Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The amendments in this Update do not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606. Rather, the amendments in this Update clarify the following two aspects of Topic 606: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance, while retaining the related principles for those areas. The amendments in this Update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements, as it is primarily a seller of tangible personal property whose contracts with customers and the related transaction prices and performance obligations will be minimally affected by the amendments.

 

Item 7A.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not applicable.

24


 

Item 8.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

25


 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

of Emerson Radio Corp and Subsidiaries

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Emerson Radio Corp. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”), as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended March 31, 2017. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Emerson Radio Corp. and Subsidiaries as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of their operations, and their cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended March 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

 

 

/s/ MSPC

Certified Public Accountants

and Advisors, A Professional Corporation

Cranford, New Jersey

June 26, 2017

 

26


 

EMERSON RADIO CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

For The Years Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

Net revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net product sales

 

$

17,635

 

 

$

41,035

 

Licensing revenue

 

 

3,616

 

 

 

4,716

 

Net revenues

 

 

21,251

 

 

 

45,751

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales

 

 

16,277

 

 

 

38,819

 

Other operating costs and expenses

 

 

199

 

 

 

367

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

5,101

 

 

 

7,970

 

 

 

 

21,577

 

 

 

47,156

 

Operating (loss)

 

 

(326

)

 

 

(1,405

)

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income, net

 

 

261

 

 

 

178

 

(Loss) before income taxes

 

 

(65

)

 

 

(1,227

)

Provision (benefit) for income tax expense

 

 

172

 

 

 

(259

)

Net (loss)

 

 

(237

)

 

 

(968

)

Basic net (loss) per share

 

$

(0.01

)

 

$

(0.04

)

Diluted net (loss) per share

 

$

(0.01

)

 

$

(0.04

)

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

27,115

 

 

 

27,130

 

Diluted

 

 

27,115

 

 

 

27,130

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

27


 

EMERSON RADIO CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands, except share data)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

27,471

 

 

$

30,096

 

Restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

500

 

Short term investments

 

 

25,078

 

 

 

20,155

 

Trade accounts receivable, net

 

 

1,208

 

 

 

2,800

 

Royalty receivable

 

 

99

 

 

 

1,292

 

Inventory

 

 

838

 

 

 

2,056

 

Prepaid purchases

 

 

750

 

 

 

871

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,494

 

 

 

556

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

56,938

 

 

 

58,326

 

Property, plant, and equipment, net

 

 

18

 

 

 

29

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

 

791

 

 

 

1,401

 

Other assets

 

 

101

 

 

 

132

 

Total Non-current Assets

 

 

910

 

 

 

1,562

 

Total Assets

 

$

57,848

 

 

$

59,888

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

 

 

756

 

 

 

1,691

 

Due to affiliates

 

 

 

 

 

512

 

Income tax payable

 

 

165

 

 

 

455

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

921

 

 

 

2,658

 

Non-current income tax payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Non-current Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

 

$

921

 

 

$

2,658

 

Shareholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A Preferred shares — 10,000,000 shares authorized; 3,677 shares issued

   and outstanding; liquidation preference of $3,677,000

 

 

3,310

 

 

 

3,310

 

Common shares — $0.01 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 52,965,797

   shares issued at March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016, respectively; 27,065,852

   and 27,129,832 shares outstanding at March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016,

   respectively

 

 

529

 

 

 

529

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

79,792

 

 

 

79,792

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(2,414

)

 

 

(2,177

)

Treasury stock, at cost (25,899,945 and 25,835,965 shares at March 31, 2017

   and March 31, 2016, respectively)

 

 

(24,290

)

 

 

(24,224

)

Total Shareholders’ Equity

 

 

56,927

 

 

 

57,230

 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

 

$

57,848

 

 

$

59,888

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

28


 

EMERSON RADIO CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For The Years Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Preferred

 

 

Number

 

 

Par

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Treasury

 

 

Shareholders’

 

 

 

Stock

 

 

of Shares

 

 

Value

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Stock

 

 

Equity

 

Balance — March 31, 2015

 

$

3,310

 

 

 

52,965,797

 

 

$

529

 

 

$

79,792

 

 

$

(1,209

)

 

$

(24,224

)

 

$

58,198

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(968

)

 

 

 

 

 

$

(968

)

Balance — March 31, 2016

 

$

3,310

 

 

 

52,965,797

 

 

$

529

 

 

$

79,792

 

 

$

(2,177

)

 

$

(24,224

)

 

$

57,230

 

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(66

)

 

$

(66

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(237

)

 

 

 

 

 

$

(237

)

Balance — March 31, 2017

 

$

3,310

 

 

 

52,965,797

 

 

$

529

 

 

$

79,792

 

 

$

(2,414

)

 

$

(24,290

)

 

$

56,927

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

29


 

EMERSON RADIO CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For The Years Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss)

 

$

(237

)

 

$

(968

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided (used) by operating

   activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

16

 

 

 

48

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

610

 

 

 

619

 

Asset allowances, reserves and other

 

 

(554

)

 

 

(760

)

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

2,146

 

 

 

2,235

 

Royalty receivable

 

 

1,193

 

 

 

2,230

 

Inventory

 

 

1,218

 

 

 

2,463

 

Prepaid purchases

 

 

121

 

 

 

2,090

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(938

)

 

 

146

 

Other assets

 

 

31

 

 

 

(30

)

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

 

 

(935

)

 

 

(446

)

Long term liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

(481

)

Due to affiliates

 

 

(512

)

 

 

12

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

(290

)

 

 

(392

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

1,869

 

 

 

6,766

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net purchase of short term investment

 

 

(4,923

)

 

 

(20,155

)

Proceeds from restricted cash

 

 

500

 

 

 

 

Additions to property, plant and equipment

 

 

(5

)

 

 

 

Net cash (used) by investing activities

 

 

(4,428

)

 

 

(20,155

)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of treasury stock

 

 

(66

)

 

 

 

Net cash (used) by financing activities

 

 

(66

)

 

 

 

Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(2,625

)

 

 

(13,389

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

 

30,096

 

 

 

43,485

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

$

27,471

 

 

$

30,096

 

Supplemental disclosures:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

2

 

 

$

 

Income taxes

 

$

1,524

 

 

$

292

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

30


 

EMERSON RADIO CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 — SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

Background and Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Emerson Radio Corp. (“Emerson”, consolidated — the “Company”), and its subsidiaries. The Company designs, sources, imports and markets a variety of houseware and consumer electronic products, and licenses the Emerson trademark for a variety of products domestically and internationally.

It is the Company’s policy to prepare its financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“US GAAP”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned or controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.

Certain items in prior year financials were reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

Use of Estimates

In preparing financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash Equivalents

Highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents.

Fair Values of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying amounts of bank debt approximate their fair values due to their variable rate interest features.

Investments

The Company determines the appropriate classifications of securities at the time of purchase and evaluates the continuing appropriateness of that classification thereafter. Realized gains and losses are determined on a specific identification basis and are reported separately as a component of income. Decreases and increases in the fair value of securities deemed to be other than temporary are included in earnings.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company’s long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment. At March 31, 2017, the Company had approximately $18,000 of property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation. The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable in accordance with ASC Topics 350 “Intangibles” and 360 “Property, Plant and Equipment”. The recoverability of assets held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the asset to the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the asset. Future events could cause the Company to conclude that impairment indicators exist and that long-lived assets may be impaired. Any resulting impairment loss could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.    

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets being depreciated. The cost of maintenance and repairs is charged to expense as incurred. Significant renewals and betterments are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining estimated

31


 

useful lives of the related assets. At time of disposal, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the Company’s records and the difference between net carrying value of the asset and the sale proceeds is recorded as a gain or loss.

Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is provided by the straight-line method as follows:

 

        Computer, Equipment and Software

 

Three years to seven years

        Furniture & Fixtures

 

Seven years

        Leasehold Improvements

 

Straight-line basis over the shorter of the useful life of the improvement or the term of the lease

 

Revenue Recognition

Distribution of products

Revenues from product distribution are recognized at the time title passes to the customer. Under the Direct Import Program, title passes in the country of origin. Under the Domestic Program, title passes primarily at the time of shipment. Estimates for future expected returns are based upon historical return rates and netted against revenues.

Management must make estimates of potential future product returns related to current period product revenue. Management analyzes historical returns, current economic trends and changes in customer demand for the Company’s products when evaluating the adequacy of the reserve for sales returns. Management judgments and estimates must be made and used in connection with establishing the sales return reserves in any accounting period. Additional reserves may be required if actual sales returns increase above the historical return rates. Conversely, the sales return reserve could be decreased if the actual return rates are less than the historical return rates, which were used to establish the reserve.

Sales allowances, marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives which are provided to retailers and distributors are accounted for on an accrual basis as a reduction to net revenues in the period in which the related sales are recognized in accordance with ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, subtopic 50 “Customer Payments and Incentives” and Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletins 101 “Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements,” and 104 “Revenue Recognition, corrected copy” (“SAB’s 101 and 104”).

At the time of sale, the Company reduces recognized gross revenue by allowances to cover, in addition to estimated sales returns as required by ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, subtopic 15 “Products”, (i) sales incentives offered to customers that meet the criteria for accrual under ASC topic 605, subtopic 50 and (ii) under SAB’s 101 and 104, an estimated amount to recognize additional non-offered deductions it anticipates and can reasonably estimate will be taken by customers which it does not expect to recover. Accruals for the estimated amount of future non-offered deductions are required to be made as contra-revenue items because that percentage of shipped revenue fails to meet the collectability criteria within SAB 104’s and 101’s four revenue recognition criteria, all of which are required to be met in order to recognize revenue.

If additional marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives are required to promote the Company’s products subsequent to the initial sale, then additional reserves may be required and are accrued for when such support is offered.

Licensing

In addition to the distribution of products, the Company grants licenses for the right to use the Company’s trademarks for a stated term for the manufacture and/or sale of consumer electronics and other products under agreements which require payment of either i) a non-refundable minimum guaranteed royalty or, ii) the greater of the actual royalties due (based on a contractual calculation, normally comprised of actual product sales by the licensee multiplied by a stated royalty rate, or “Sales Royalties”) or a minimum guaranteed royalty amount. In the case of (i), such amounts are recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the license agreement. In the case of (ii), Sales Royalties in excess of guaranteed minimums are accounted for as variable fees and are not recognized as revenue until the Company has ascertained that the licensee’s sales of products have exceeded the guaranteed minimum. In effect, the Company recognizes the greater of Sales Royalties earned to date or the straight-line amount of minimum guaranteed royalties to date. In the case where a royalty is paid to the Company in advance, the royalty payment is initially recorded as a liability and recognized as revenue as the royalties are deemed to be earned according to the principles outlined above.

32


 

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales includes actual product cost, quality control costs, change in inventory reserves, duty, buying costs, the cost of transportation to the Company’s third party logistics providers’ warehouse from its manufacturers, warehousing costs, and an allocation of those selling, general and administrative expenses that are directly related to these activities.

Other Operating Costs and Expenses

Other operating costs and expenses include costs associated with returned products received from retailers, warranty costs, warehouse supply expenses, and an allocation of those selling, general and administrative expenses that are directly related to these activities. Because other operating costs and expenses are not included in cost of sales, the reported gross margin may not be comparable to those of other distributors that may include all costs related to the cost of product to their cost of sales and in the calculation of gross margin.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses include all operating costs of the Company that are not directly related to the cost of procuring product or costs not included in other operating costs and expenses.

Foreign Currency

The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries have been translated at current exchange rates, and related revenues and expenses have been translated at average rates of exchange in effect during the year. Related translation adjustments are reported as a separate component of shareholders’ equity. Losses and gains resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in the results of operations.

The Company generally does not enter into foreign currency exchange contracts to hedge its exposures related to foreign currency fluctuations and there were no foreign exchange forward contracts held by the Company at March 31, 2017 or March 31, 2016.

Advertising Expenses

Advertising expenses are charged against earnings as incurred and are included in selling, general and administrative expenses. The Company incurred no advertising expenses during fiscal 2017 and $19,000 during fiscal 2016.

Sales Allowance and Marketing Support Expenses

Sales allowances, marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives which are provided to retailers and distributors are accounted for on an accrual basis as a reduction to net revenues in the period in which the related sales are recognized in accordance with ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, subtopic 50 “Customer Payments and Incentives” and Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletins 101 “Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements,” and 104 “Revenue Recognition, corrected copy” (“SAB’s 101 and 104”).

At the time of sale, the Company reduces recognized gross revenue by allowances to cover, in addition to estimated sales returns as required by ASC topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, subtopic 15 “Products”, (i) sales incentives offered to customers that meet the criteria for accrual under ASC topic 605, subtopic 50 and (ii) under SAB’s 101 and 104, an estimated amount to recognize additional non-offered deductions it anticipates and can reasonably estimate will be taken by customers which it does not expect to recover. Accruals for the estimated amount of future non-offered deductions are required to be made as contra-revenue items because that percentage of shipped revenue fails to meet the collectability criteria within SAB 104’s and 101’s four revenue recognition criteria, all of which are required to be met in order to recognize revenue.

If additional marketing support programs, promotions and other volume-based incentives are required to promote the Company’s products subsequent to the initial sale, then additional reserves may be required and are accrued for when such support is offered.

33


 

The sales and marketing support accrual activity for fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 was as follows (in thousands):

 

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

$

575

 

additions

 

 

828

 

usages

 

 

(839

)

adjustments

 

 

(91

)

Balance at March 31, 2016

 

$

473

 

additions

 

 

492

 

usages

 

 

(395

)

adjustments

 

 

(276

)

Balance at March 31, 2017

 

$

294

 

 

Interest income, net

The Company records interest as incurred. The net interest income for fiscal 2017 and 2016 consists of:

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Interest expense

 

$

 

 

$

 

Interest income

 

 

261

 

 

 

178

 

Interest income, net

 

$

261

 

 

$

178

 

 

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes are recorded to account for the tax effects of differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Deferred tax assets have been recorded net of an appropriate valuation allowance, to the extent management believes it is more likely than not that such assets will be realized. (See Note 5 “Income Taxes”). Any tax penalties are recorded as part of selling, general and administrative expenses and any interest to which the Company is subject, is recorded as a part of income tax expense.

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is net income adjusted for foreign currency translation adjustments.

Earnings Per Common Share

Earnings per common share are based upon the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding. Outstanding stock options and warrants are treated as common stock equivalents when dilution results from their assumed exercise.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Update 2017-01, Business Combinations, (Topic 805) Clarifying the Definition of a Business (Issued January 2017)

Under the current implementation guidance in Topic 805, there are three elements of a business—inputs, processes, and outputs. While an integrated set of assets and activities (collectively referred to as a “set”) that is a business usually has outputs, outputs are not required to be present. In addition, all the inputs and processes that a seller uses in operating a set are not required if market participants can acquire the set and continue to produce outputs, for example, by integrating the acquired set with their own inputs and processes. The amendments in this Update provide a screen to determine when a set is not a business. The screen requires that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. This screen reduces the number of transactions that need to be further evaluated. If the screen is not met, the amendments in this Update (1) require that to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output and (2) remove the evaluation of whether a market participant could replace missing elements. The amendments provide a framework to assist entities in evaluating whether both an input and a substantive process are present. The framework includes two sets of criteria to consider that depend on whether a set has outputs. Although outputs are not required for a set to be a business, outputs generally are a key element

34


 

of a business; therefore, the Board has developed more stringent criteria for sets without outputs. Lastly, the amendments in this Update narrow the definition of the term output so that the term is consistent with how outputs are described in Topic 606. Public business entities should apply the amendments in this Update to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-18 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), Restricted Cash (Issued November 2016)

The amendments in this Update require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-17 Consolidation (Topic 810), Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control (Issued October 2016)

This Update amends the consolidation guidance on how a reporting entity that is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity (VIE) should treat indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity when determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of that VIE. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-16 Income Taxes (Topic 740), Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (Issued October 2016)

This Update amends current GAAP, which prohibits the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer until the asset has been sold to an outside party, to require entities to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Consequently, the amendments in this Update eliminate the exception for an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those annual reporting periods. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-15 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (Issued August 2016)

The amendments in this Update provide guidance on the following eight specific cash flow issues: (1) Debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (2) Settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (3) Contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (4) Proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, (5) Proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, (6) Distributions received from equity method investees, (7) Beneficial interests in securitization transactions, and (8) Separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-13 Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Issued June 2016)

The amendments in this Update require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset(s) to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. The income statement reflects the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets, as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. An entity must use judgment in determining the relevant information and estimation methods that are appropriate in its circumstances. The allowance for credit losses for purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination (PCD assets) that are measured at amortized cost basis is determined in a similar manner to other financial assets measured at amortized cost basis; however, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Only subsequent changes in the allowance for

35


 

credit losses are recorded as a credit loss expense for these assets. Interest income for PCD assets should be recognized based on the effective interest rate, excluding the discount embedded in the purchase price that is attributable to the acquirer’s assessment of credit losses at acquisition. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-10 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing (Issued April 2016)

The core principle of the guidance in Topic 606 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve that core principle, an entity should apply the following steps: 1. Identify the contract(s) with a customer. 2. Identify the performance obligations in the contract. 3. Determine the transaction price. 4. Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract. 5. Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The amendments in this Update do not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606. Rather, the amendments in this Update clarify the following two aspects of Topic 606: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance, while retaining the related principles for those areas. The amendments in this Update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company does not expect these amendments to have a material effect on its financial statements, as it is primarily a seller of tangible personal property whose contracts with customers and the related transaction prices and performance obligations will be minimally affected by the amendments.

 

 

NOTE 2 — INVENTORIES:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method. As of March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016, inventories consisted exclusively of purchased finished goods.

NOTE 3 — RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS:

From time to time, Emerson engages in business transactions with its controlling shareholder, The Grande Holdings Limited (“Grande”), and one or more of Grande’s direct and indirect subsidiaries. Set forth below is a summary of such transactions.

Controlling Shareholder

The Grande Holdings Limited (“Grande”), together with S&T International Distribution Limited (“S&T”), a subsidiary of Grande, and Grande N.A.K.S. Ltd., a subsidiary of Grande (together with Grande, the “Reporting Persons”), have, based on a Schedule 13D/A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on September 15, 2016, the shared power to vote and direct the disposition of 15,243,283 shares, or approximately 56.3%, of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of March 31, 2017. Accordingly, the Company is a “controlled company” as defined in Section 801(a) of the NYSE MKT Company Guide.

On May 31, 2011, upon application of a major creditor, Grande was placed into provisional liquidation when the High Court of Hong Kong appointed joint and several provisional liquidators (“Provisional Liquidators”) over Grande. Accordingly, as of May 31, 2011, the directors of Grande no longer had the ability to exercise control over Grande or the power to direct the voting and disposition of the shares of the Company’s common stock beneficially owned by Grande. In May 2014, Grande, the Provisional Liquidators and a creditor of Grande entered into an agreement to implement the “Grande Restructuring Plan” submitted by a creditor of Grande. Based on public announcements by Grande dated May 26, 2016 (the “Grande Announcements”), and subsequently confirmed to the Company by Grande, Grande has completed the Grande Restructuring Plan, the Provisional Liquidators over Grande were released and discharged by the Hong Kong Court, the winding up of Grande was permanently stayed, and Grande has fulfilled all trading resumption conditions imposed on Grande by the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (“HKEX”). Following the completion of the Grande Restructuring Plan, based on the Grande Announcements and other information received from an affiliate of Grande, certain companies associated with Mr. Ho, the Company’s Chairman of the Board effective as of June 19, 2016, hold in the aggregate approximately a 72.3% shareholding in Grande, and therefore beneficially control the voting and disposition of the shares of the Company beneficially owned by Grande. As at June 15, 2017 the shareholding has increased to 73.5%.

Related Party Transactions

Return of Pledged Collateral to S&T

36


 

In April 2016, the Company, upon a request made by S&T, considered and agreed to return to S&T the $500,000 of collateral which S&T had paid to the Company in September 2014 as part of the indemnification agreement between S&T, Grande and the Company pertaining to an Internal Revenue Service challenge of the Company’s March 31, 2010 earnings and profits calculations underlying the taxability of a dividend paid during March 2010 to all of it stockholders, net of the $79,000 in expenses incurred by the Company in defending the IRS challenge. On April 29, 2016, the Company paid $421,000 to S&T to effectuate the release of the collateral net of the aforementioned expenses incurred by the Company. From September 30, 2014 through March 31, 2016, this pledged collateral had been recorded by the Company as restricted cash on its balance sheet.

Consulting Services Provided to Emerson by one of its Former Directors who is a Current Director of Grande

Until such agreement was cancelled by the Company effective November 7, 2013, Mr. Eduard Will, a former director of Emerson and a current director of Grande, was paid consulting fees by the Company for work performed by Mr. Will related to a lawsuit that the Company settled in December 2013, and merger and acquisition research. Mr. Will was not re-elected to serve as a director of the Company at the Company’s 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on November 7, 2013. Accordingly, Mr. Will was no longer a director of the Company or a related party to the Company from November 7, 2013 until his appointment as a director of Grande on February 19, 2016, at which time Mr. Will is once again a related party to the Company.

During March 2016, Emerson accrued $12,000 in consulting fees and expense reimbursements for consulting work invoiced to the Company and expenses incurred by Mr. Will as a director of the Company during the period September 2013 through November 2013, and which the Company paid to Mr. Will in April 2016.

Ancillary Expenses Pertaining to Rented Office Space in Hong Kong

During the twelve months ended March 31, 2017 the Company was billed approximately $14,000, and nil for the twelve months ended March 31, 2016, for utility and service charges from the Grande Properties Management Limited (“GPML”) and Lafe Strategic Services Limited (“LSSL”), both related parties to the Company’s Chairman of the Board, in connection with the Company’s rented office space in Hong Kong. The Company owed nil to both GPML and LSSL related to these charges at March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016.

 

 

NOTE 4 — PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT:

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, property, plant and equipment is comprised of the following:

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Computer equipment and software

 

 

323

 

 

 

338

 

Furniture and fixtures