10-K 1 emr930201610-k.htm FORM 10-K Document
                                            
                                        

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K
 
ý ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016

OR

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from ____________________ to __________________
 Commission file number 1-278

 
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Missouri
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
logo_emersona05.gif
43-0259330
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
8000 W. Florissant Ave.
P.O. Box 4100
St. Louis, Missouri
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
63136
(Zip Code)
    
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (314) 553-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock of $0.50 par value per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
Chicago Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No ý
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨



 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer ý  Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No ý 
 
Aggregate market value of the voting stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant as of close of business on
March 31, 2016: $34.8 billion.
 
Common stock outstanding at October 31, 2016: 642,776,971 shares.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

1.
Portions of Emerson Electric Co. Notice of 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Proxy Statement incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.



PART I
 
ITEM 1 - BUSINESS
 
Emerson (“the Company”) was incorporated in Missouri in 1890, and has evolved through internal growth and strategic acquisitions and divestitures from a regional manufacturer of electric motors and fans into a diversified global leader that brings technology and engineering together to provide innovative solutions for customers in a wide range of industrial, commercial and consumer markets around the world. 
 
As a result of the Company's strategic portfolio repositioning actions further described herein, the network power systems business, which comprised the former Network Power segment, and the power generation, motors and drives businesses, which were part of the Industrial Automation segment, are reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements for all years presented. The Company's business segments described below are based on the nature of the products and services rendered:

Process Management - provides measurement, control and diagnostic capabilities for automated industrial processes producing items such as fuels, chemicals, foods, medicines and power.

Industrial Automation - brings integrated manufacturing solutions to diverse industries worldwide.

Climate Technologies - enhances household and commercial comfort, as well as food safety and energy efficiency, through heating, air conditioning and refrigeration technology.

Commercial & Residential Solutions - provides tools for professionals and homeowners, residential storage systems and appliance solutions.

In fiscal 2017, the Company expects to realign its business segments. The new Automation Solutions segment will include the current Process Management segment and the remaining businesses in the existing Industrial Automation segment, except for the hermetic motors business which will be included in the Climate Technologies segment. The Commercial & Residential Solutions business will include the Climate Technologies segment and the Tools & Home Products segment. Tools & Home Products will include the existing Commercial & Residential Solutions businesses.
Sales, earnings before interest and income taxes, and total assets attributable to each business segment for the three years ended September 30, 2016, are set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which note is hereby incorporated by reference. Sales by segment in 2016, as a percentage of the total Company, were: Process Management, 49 percent; Industrial Automation, 14 percent; Climate Technologies, 26 percent; and Commercial & Residential Solutions, 11 percent. Total Emerson sales by geographic destination in 2016 were: the United States and Canada, 52 percent; Asia, 20 percent; Europe, 16 percent; Latin America, 6 percent; and Middle East/Africa, 6 percent. Information with respect to acquisition and divestiture activity, including the discontinued businesses, and restructuring costs is set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Notes 3, 4 and 6 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which notes are hereby incorporated by reference.

The Company entered into an agreement as of July 29, 2016 to sell its network power systems business, and on July 30, 2016, entered into an agreement to sell its power generation, motors and drives businesses. Additionally, on August 18, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire Pentair’s Valves & Controls business for approximately $3.15 billion, which will complement Process Management’s final control business. These transactions are expected to close by the end of calendar year 2016 or shortly thereafter, subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals. See Item 1A - "Risk Factors,” Item 7 - "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and Notes 3 and 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which notes are hereby incorporated by reference.


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PROCESS MANAGEMENT

The Process Management segment offers customers products and technology, and engineering, project management and consulting services for precision measurement, control, monitoring, asset optimization, and safety and reliability of oil and gas reservoirs and plants that process or treat various items.  The Company’s array of products and services helps customers optimize their plant capabilities in the areas of plant safety and reliability, product quality and output efficiency. Significant end markets served include oil and gas, refining, chemicals and power generation, as well as pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, pulp and paper, metals and mining, and municipal water supplies. Sales by geographic destination in 2016 for Process Management were: the United States and Canada, 42 percent; Asia, 23 percent; Europe, 19 percent; Latin America, 6 percent; and Middle East/Africa, 10 percent.

Process Management Systems and Software

Process Management systems and software control plant processes by collecting and analyzing information from measurement devices in the plant, and then uses that information to adjust valves, pumps, motors, drives and other control hardware for maximum product quality and process efficiency and safety. Software capabilities also include upstream oil and gas reservoir simulation and modeling for production optimization. The Company’s process control systems can be extended wirelessly to support a mobile workforce with handheld tools/communicators, provide site-wide location tracking of people and assets, and enable video monitoring and communication with wireless field devices, thereby increasing the information available to operators.

Measurement and Analytical Instrumentation

Measurement instrumentation measures the physical properties of liquids or gases in a process stream, such as pressure, temperature, level, rate and amount of flow, and communicates this information to a process control system. Measurement technologies provided by the Company include Coriolis direct mass flow, magnetic flow, vortex flow, ultrasonic flow, differential pressure, ultra-low flow fluid measurement, temperature sensors, radar-based tank gauging and magnetic level gauging. The Company’s measurement products are also often used in custody transfer applications, such as the transfer of gasoline from a storage tank to a tanker truck, where precise metering of the amount of fluid transferred helps ensure accurate asset management. Complementary products include onshore and subsea multi-phase meters, wetgas meters, downhole gauges and corrosion/erosion measuring instruments.

Analytical instrumentation analyzes the chemical composition of process fluids and emissions to enhance quality and efficiency, as well as environmental compliance. The Company’s analytical technologies include process gas chromatographs, in-situ oxygen analyzers, infrared gas and process fluid analyzers, combustion analyzers and systems, and analyzers that measure pH, conductivity and water quality. The Company provides sensors to detect combustible and toxic gases, and flames. These devices support the safety of both people and process plant assets.
 
Measurement and analytical instrumentation technologies are also available with wireless communication capability, allowing customers to monitor processes or equipment that were previously not measurable (remote, moving/rotating) or not economical to measure due to the high cost and difficulty of running wires in industrial process plants.

Valves, Actuators and Regulators

Control valves respond to commands from a control system to continuously and precisely modulate the flow of process fluids to provide maximum process efficiency and product quality. Engineered on/off valves are typically used to achieve tight shutoff, even in high pressure and temperature processes. The Company designs, engineers and manufactures ball valves, sliding stem valves, rotary valves, high performance butterfly valves and severe service valves for critical applications, and related valve actuators and controllers. The Company provides a line of industrial and residential regulators, whose function is to reduce the pressure of fluids moving from high-pressure supply lines into lower pressure systems, and also manufactures tank and terminal safety equipment, including hatches, vent pressure and vacuum relief valves, and flame arrestors for storage tanks in the oil and gas, petrochemical, refining and other process industries.
 


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® 
PlantWeb Digital Plant Architecture

PlantWeb digital plant architecture combines the technologies described above with the advantages of “intelligent” plant devices (valves and measurement instruments with advanced diagnostic capabilities), open communication standards (nonproprietary wired and wireless digital protocols allowing plant devices and control systems to “talk” with one another) and integrated modular software, not only to better control the process but also to collect and analyze valuable information about the process and the plant assets. This capability gives the Company's customers the ability to detect or predict changes in equipment and process performance, and the associated impact on plant operations. PlantWeb architecture provides customers the insight to improve plant availability and safety, and also furnishes a platform to continually improve asset management and standards compliance, and to reduce startup, operating and maintenance costs.

Industry Services and Solutions

Process Management’s array of process automation and asset optimization services improve automation project implementation time and costs, increase process availability and productivity, and reduce the total cost of ownership. Reliability consulting services help process plant owners and operators improve plant availability through implementation of on-site and corporate-wide reliability programs. Through proven project methodologies and deep knowledge of plant assets, the Company helps industrial plants to improve safety, increase plant uptime and reduce maintenance costs. The Company’s Global Industry Centers offer engineering and project management services to help customers extract maximum performance and reliability from their process equipment and automation assets. These Centers serve industries such as oil and gas, pulp and paper, chemicals, power, food and beverage, and life sciences. They also assist customers in diagnosing equipment problems and plant inefficiencies.

Distribution

The principal worldwide distribution channel for Process Management is a direct sales force, although a network of independent sales representatives, and to a lesser extent independent distributors purchasing products for resale, are also utilized. Approximately half of the sales in the United States are made through a direct sales force with the remainder primarily through independent sales representatives. In Europe and Asia, sales are primarily made through a direct sales force with the remainder split evenly between independent sales representatives and distributors.

Brands

Service/trademarks and trade names within Process Management include Emerson Process Management, AMS Suite, Baumann, Bettis, Bristol, CSI, Damcos, Daniel, DeltaV, EIM, El-O-Matic, Fisher, Go Switch, Guardian, Micro Motion, Net Safety, Ovation, PlantWeb, ROC, Rosemount, Roxar, Smart Process, SureService, Tescom, TopWorx, Valvetop and Virgo.

INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION

The Industrial Automation segment provides integrated manufacturing solutions to its customers at the source of manufacturing their own products. Products include fluid controls, electrical distribution devices, materials joining equipment and hermetic motors. Through these offerings, the Company brings technology and enhanced quality to its customers' final products. Sales by geographic destination in 2016 for Industrial Automation were: the United States and Canada, 51 percent; Asia, 20 percent; Europe, 22 percent; Latin America, 4 percent; and Middle East/Africa, 3 percent.

Fluid Power and Control

These products control and power the flow of fluids (liquids and gases) in manufacturing operations such as automobile assembly, food processing, textile manufacturing and petrochemical processing. Products include solenoid and pneumatic valves, valve position indicators, pneumatic cylinders, air preparation equipment, and pressure, vacuum and temperature switches.


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Electrical Distribution

Electrical distribution consists of a broad line of components for current- and noncurrent-carrying electrical distribution devices, including conduit and cable fittings, plugs and other receptacles, industrial lighting, enclosures and controls. Products are used in hazardous, industrial, commercial and construction environments, such as oil and gas drilling and production sites, pulp and paper mills and petrochemical plants.

Materials Joining and Precision Cleaning

The Company supplies plastic and metal joining technologies and equipment to a diversified manufacturing customer base, including automotive, medical devices and toys. The Company also provides precision cleaning and liquid processing solutions to industrial and commercial manufacturers. Products include ultrasonic joining and cleaning equipment; linear and orbital vibration welding equipment; systems for hot plate, spin and laser welding equipment; and aqueous, semi-aqueous and vapor cleaning systems.

Hermetic Motors

The Company provides a broad range of hermetic motors that are used in a wide variety of commercial, industrial and residential HVAC products and applications.

Distribution

On a worldwide basis, the primary distribution channel for Industrial Automation is through direct sales forces, including to original equipment manufacturers. Independent distributors constitute the next significant sales channel, mostly to reach end users. To a lesser extent, independent sales representatives are utilized, particularly for electrical distribution products in the United States.

Brands

Service/trademarks and trade names within Industrial Automation include Emerson Industrial Automation, Appleton, ASCO, ASCO Joucomatic, ASCO Numatics, Branson Ultrasonics and O-Z/Gedney.

CLIMATE TECHNOLOGIES

The Climate Technologies segment provides products and services for all areas of the climate control industry, including residential heating and cooling, commercial air conditioning, and commercial and industrial refrigeration. The Company's technologies enable homeowners and businesses to better manage their heating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems for improved control and comfort, and lower energy costs. Climate Technologies also provides services that digitally control and remotely monitor refrigeration units in grocery stores and other food distribution outlets to enhance food freshness and safety. Sales by geographic destination in 2016 for Climate Technologies were: the United States and Canada, 56 percent; Asia, 22 percent; Europe, 10 percent; Latin America, 7 percent; and Middle East/Africa, 5 percent.

Residential and Commercial Heating and Air Conditioning

The Company provides a full range of heating and air conditioning products that help reduce operational and energy costs and create comfortable environments in all types of buildings. These products include reciprocating and scroll air conditioning compressors, including ultra-efficient residential scroll compressors with two stages of cooling capacity, as well as variable speed scroll compressors; system protector and flow control devices; standard, programmable and Wi-Fi thermostats; monitoring equipment and electronic controls for gas and electric heating systems; gas valves for furnaces and water heaters; ignition systems for furnaces; sensors and thermistors for home appliances; and temperature sensors and controls.

Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration

The Company's technology is incorporated into equipment to refrigerate food and beverages in supermarkets, convenience stores, food service operations, refrigerated trucks and refrigerated marine transport containers. Climate Technologies refrigeration products are also used in a wide variety of industrial applications, including medical applications, food processing and cold storage. Products include reciprocating, scroll and screw

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compressors; precision flow controls; system diagnostics and controls that provide precise temperature management; and environmental control systems.

Services and Solutions

Services and solutions enable global customers to optimize the performance of facilities including large-scale retailers, supermarkets, convenience stores and food service operations. By providing expertise in air conditioning, refrigeration and lighting control, Climate Technologies performs as a complete facility manager for its customers. The Company’s expertise allows customers to reduce energy and maintenance costs, thereby improving overall facility efficiency and uptime. In addition to industry-leading controls, services include facility design and product management, site commissioning, facility monitoring and energy modeling.

Distribution

Climate Technologies segment sales, primarily to original equipment manufacturers and end users, are made predominately through worldwide direct sales forces. Remaining sales are primarily through independent distributor networks throughout the world.

Brands

Service/trademarks and trade names within the Climate Technologies segment include Emerson Climate Technologies, Control Products, Computer Process Controls, Copeland, Design Services Network, Dixell, Emerson Climate Technologies Distribution Services, Emerson Climate Technologies Educational Services, Emerson Climate Technologies Retail Services, Fusite, Therm-O-Disc, Vilter and White-Rodgers.

COMMERCIAL & RESIDENTIAL SOLUTIONS

The Company’s Commercial & Residential Solutions segment includes a broad range of tools, storage products and appliance solutions. Sales by geographic destination in 2016 for this segment were: the United States and Canada, 86 percent; Asia, 4 percent; Europe, 7 percent; Latin America, 2 percent; and Middle East/Africa, 1 percent.
 
Professional and Do-It-Yourself Tools

Pipe-working tools are used by plumbing and mechanical professionals to install and repair piping systems. Products include pipe wrenches, pipe cutters, pipe threading and roll grooving equipment, mechanical crimping tube joining systems, drain cleaners, tubing tools, and diagnostic systems, including closed-circuit television pipe inspection and locating equipment. Other professional tools include water jetters, wet-dry vacuums, commercial vacuums and bolt cutters. Do-it-yourself tools, available at retail home improvement outlets, include drain cleaning equipment, pipe and tube working tools, and wet-dry vacuums.

Storage Solutions

The Company provides a wide variety of freestanding, fixed and mobile storage products for residential applications. Products for the home include shelving systems, cabinet and closet organizers, home office storage, and drawer systems and containers, available in wire, stainless steel and laminate.

Appliance Solutions

The Company provides a number of appliance solutions, including residential and commercial food waste disposers, ceiling fans, instant hot water dispensers and compact electric water heaters.

Distribution

The principal worldwide distribution channels for Commercial & Residential Solutions are distributors and direct sales forces. Professional tools are sold worldwide almost exclusively through distributors. Independent sales representatives are utilized to a lesser extent. Appliance solutions are sold through direct sales force networks and distributors. Approximately one-third of this segment's sales are made to a small number of big box retailers.


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Brands

Service/trademarks and trade names within the Commercial & Residential Solutions segment include Emerson, Emerson Appliance Solutions, Emerson Professional Tools, Emerson Storage Solutions, ClosetMaid, InSinkErator, ProTeam and RIDGID.

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

The network power systems business and the power generation, motors and drives businesses are reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements for all years presented. See Note 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Network Power Systems

The network power systems business supplies electric power conditioning, power reliability and environmental control products for telecommunications networks, data centers and other critical applications, and also provides comprehensive data center infrastructure management solutions.

Critical power system products, including automatic transfer switches, load banks, surge protection, paralleling and synchronizing gear, and related control systems, automatically transfer critical application loads from a utility to emergency backup generators in the event of a blackout or brownout. Uninterruptible AC and DC power systems provide reliable, conditioned power to telecommunication networks, data centers and other critical equipment to protect customers’ equipment. Products range from stand-alone desktop solutions to complete systems incorporating rectifiers, inverters, power distribution units, surge protection, batteries and system supervision.

Thermal management equipment provides efficient, reliable and cost-effective management of heat in mission- critical facilities ranging from small network closets and computer rooms to hyperscale-sized data center and communication network sites. Thermal management products include chilled water, direct expansion and evaporative equipment, software and controls.

Data center management solutions are provided through server access technologies that enable access, monitoring and control of the information technology infrastructure and provide linkage with data center operations. Customer Resolution Centers are staffed globally and provide services to assist customers in managing their critical infrastructure, including on-site operations management, energy consumption monitoring, preventive maintenance, electrical testing, remote monitoring and management, and 24-hour service capability.

Power Generation, Motors and Drives

Power generation products include low, medium and high voltage alternators for use in diesel and gas powered generator sets, as well as high frequency alternators, AC motor/generator sets, traction generators, wind power generators, wind turbine pitch control systems and solar photovoltaic converters. A broad line of drives and electric motors are supplied for use in a wide variety of manufacturing operations and products, including production assembly lines, escalators in shopping malls and supermarket checkout stations. Products include alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) electrical variable speed drives, servo motors, pump motors, drive control systems, integral horsepower motors (1 HP and above), fractional horsepower motors (less than 1 HP) and gear drives.

PRODUCTION
 
The Company utilizes various production operations and methods. The principal production operations are electronics assembly, metal stamping, forming, casting, machining, welding, plating, heat treating, painting and assembly. In addition, the Company uses specialized production operations, including automatic and semiautomatic testing, automated material handling and storage, ferrous and nonferrous machining, and special furnaces for heat treating and foundry applications. Management believes the equipment, machinery and tooling used in these processes are of modern design and well maintained.
 

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RAW MATERIALS
 
The Company's major requirements for basic raw materials include steel, copper, cast iron, electronics, rare earth metals, aluminum and brass; and to a lesser extent, plastics and petroleum-based chemicals. The Company seeks to have many sources of supply for each of its major requirements in order to avoid significant dependence on any one or a few suppliers. However, the supply of materials or other items could be disrupted by natural disasters or other events. Despite market price volatility for certain requirements and materials pricing pressures at some of our businesses, the raw materials and various purchased components needed for the Company’s products have generally been available in sufficient quantities.

PATENTS, TRADEMARKS AND LICENSES
 
The Company maintains an intellectual property portfolio it has developed or acquired over a number of years, including patents, trademarks and licenses. The Company also continues to develop or acquire new intellectual property on an ongoing basis. New patent applications are continuously filed to protect the Company’s ongoing research and development activities. The Company’s trademark registrations may be renewed and their duration is dependent upon national laws and trademark use. While this proprietary intellectual property portfolio is important to the Company in the aggregate, management does not regard any of its segments as being dependent on any single patent, trademark registration or license.
 
BACKLOG
 
The Company’s estimated consolidated order backlog was $3,925 million and $4,368 million at September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The vast majority of the consolidated backlog as of September 30, 2016 is expected to be shipped within one year. Estimated backlog by business segment at September 30, 2016 and 2015 follows (dollars in millions).
 
2015

 
2016

Process Management
$
3,725

 
3,291

Industrial Automation
205

 
173

Climate Technologies
370

 
406

Commercial & Residential Solutions
68

 
55

     Total Backlog
$
4,368

 
3,925


Backlog of businesses reported in discontinued operations was $1,705 million and $1,618 million at September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

COMPETITION
 
The Company's businesses operate in end markets that are highly competitive. The Company competes based on product performance, quality, service and/or price across the industries and markets served. A significant element of the Company's competitive strategy is to deliver solutions to our customers by manufacturing high-quality products at the best relevant global cost. Although no single company competes directly with Emerson in all of the Company's product lines, various companies compete in one or more product lines with the number of competitors varying by product line. Some competitors have substantially greater sales, assets and financial resources than Emerson and the Company also competes with many smaller companies. Management believes Emerson has a market leadership position in many of its product lines.
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 
Costs associated with Company-sponsored research and development activities for continuing operations were $320 million, $336 million and $356 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

ENVIRONMENT
 
The Company's manufacturing locations generate waste, of which treatment, storage, transportation and disposal are subject to federal, state, foreign and/or local laws and regulations relating to protection of the environment.

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Compliance with laws regulating the discharge of materials into the environment or otherwise relating to protection of the environment has not had a material effect on the Company's capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position. The Company does not anticipate having material capital expenditures for environmental control facilities during the next fiscal year.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
The Company and its subsidiaries had an average of approximately 103,500 employees during 2016, of which 29,000 related to discontinued businesses. Management believes that the Company's employee relations are favorable. Some of the Company's employees are represented under collective bargaining agreements, but none of these agreements are considered significant.

DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN OPERATIONS
 
International sales from continuing operations were $7,582 million in 2016, $8,641 million in 2015 and $9,804 million in 2014, including U.S. exports of $888 million, $1,187 million and $1,288 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. There are additional risks attendant to foreign operations, such as possible nationalization of facilities, currency fluctuations and potential restrictions on the movement of funds. See Note 18 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which note is hereby incorporated by reference, for further information with respect to foreign operations.

INTERNET ACCESS
 
Emerson's reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available without charge through the Company’s website on the internet as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). They may be accessed as follows: www.Emerson.com, Investors, SEC Filings. Information on the Company’s website does not constitute part of this Form 10-K.
 
The information set forth under Item 1A - "Risk Factors” is hereby incorporated by reference.

ITEM 1A - RISK FACTORS

Investing in our securities involves risks. We may amend or supplement the risk factors described below from time to time by other reports we file with the SEC.

Our Strategic Portfolio Transactions, Including the Planned Sales of Our Network Power Systems Business and Our Power Generation, Motors and Drives Businesses, as Well as the Planned Acquisition of Pentair's Valves & Controls Business, May Not Be Completed Within the Currently Contemplated Time Frame, With the Expected Terms or Costs, and May Not Achieve the Intended Benefits

We make no assurance regarding the terms, timing, costs or benefits anticipated from the strategic portfolio transactions. Unforeseen developments, including possible delays in obtaining various tax, regulatory and other approvals, could delay the proposed transactions, or cause them to occur on terms and conditions that are less favorable, or at a higher cost, than expected. 

Further, we may not realize some or all of the anticipated strategic, financial or other benefits of the strategic portfolio transactions. Moreover, after the transactions are completed, the Company will be smaller and less diversified, with a narrower business focus and may be more vulnerable to changing market conditions, which could adversely affect our business.

We Operate in Businesses That Are Subject to Competitive Pressures That Could Affect Prices or Demand for Our Products

Our businesses operate in markets that are highly competitive and potentially volatile, and we compete on the basis of product performance, quality, service and/or price across the industries and markets served. Our businesses are largely dependent on the current and future business environment, including capital and consumer spending. A significant element of our competitive strategy is to deliver solutions to our customers by manufacturing high-quality products at the best relevant global cost. Various companies compete with us in one or more product lines and the

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number of competitors varies by product line. Some of our competitors have substantially greater sales, assets and financial resources than our Company and we also compete with many smaller companies. Competitive pressures could adversely affect prices or customer demand for our products, impacting our sales or profit margins, and/or resulting in a loss of market share.

Our Operating Results Depend in Part on Continued Successful Research, Development and Marketing of New and/or Improved Products and Services, and There Can Be No Assurance That We Will Continue to Successfully Introduce New Products and Services

The success of new and improved products and services depends on their initial and continued acceptance by our customers. Our businesses are affected by varying degrees of technological change and corresponding shifts in customer demand, which result in unpredictable product transitions, shortened life cycles and increased importance of being first to market with new products and services. We may experience difficulties or delays in the research, development, production and/or marketing of new products and services which may negatively impact our operating results and prevent us from recouping or realizing a return on the investments required to continue to bring new products and services to market.

If We Are Unable to Defend or Protect Our Intellectual Property Rights the Company's Competitive Position Could Be Adversely Affected

The Company's intellectual property rights are important to its business and include numerous patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets and other confidential information. This intellectual property may be subject to challenge, infringement, invalidation or circumvention by third parties. Despite extensive security measures, our intellectual property may be subject to misappropriation through unauthorized access of our information technology systems, employee theft, or other acts of industrial espionage. Should the Company be unable to adequately defend or protect its intellectual property, it may suffer competitive harm.

We Engage in Acquisitions and Divestitures, Which Are Subject to Domestic and Foreign Regulatory Requirements, and May Encounter Difficulties in Integrating and Separating These Businesses and Therefore We May Not Realize the Anticipated Benefits

We regularly seek growth through strategic acquisitions as well as evaluate our portfolio for potential divestitures. These activities require favorable environments to execute these transactions, and we may encounter difficulties in obtaining the necessary regulatory approvals in both domestic and foreign jurisdictions. In 2016 and in past years, we have made various acquisitions and entered into joint venture arrangements intended to complement or expand our business, and may continue to do so in the future. The success of these transactions will depend on our ability to integrate assets and personnel acquired in these transactions and to cooperate with our strategic partners. We may encounter difficulties in integrating acquisitions with our operations as well as separating divested businesses, and in managing strategic investments. Furthermore, we may not realize the degree, or timing, of benefits we anticipate when we first enter into a transaction. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We Use a Variety of Raw Materials and Components in Our Businesses, and Significant Shortages or Price Increases Could Increase Our Operating Costs and Adversely Impact the Competitive Positions of Our Products

Our major requirements for raw materials include steel, copper, cast iron, electronics, rare earth metals, aluminum, brass and, to a lesser extent, plastics and petroleum-based chemicals. The Company seeks multiple sources of supply for each of its major requirements in order to avoid significant dependence on any one or a few suppliers. However, the supply of materials or other items could be disrupted by natural disasters or other events. Significant shortages or price increases could impact the prices our affected businesses charge, their operating costs and the competitive position of their products and services, which could adversely affect our results of operations. While we monitor market prices of the commodities we require and attempt to reduce price exposure through hedging activities, this risk could adversely affect our operating results.

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Our Operations Depend on Production Facilities Throughout the World, a Majority of Which Are Located Outside the United States and Subject to Increased Risks of Disrupted Production Causing Delays in Shipments and Loss of Customers and Revenue

We manage businesses with manufacturing facilities worldwide, a majority of which are located outside the United States, and also source certain materials internationally. Emerging market sales now represent over one-third of total sales and serving a global customer base requires that we place more materials sourcing and production in emerging markets to capitalize on market opportunities and maintain our best-cost position. Our and our suppliers’ international production facilities and operations could be disrupted by a natural disaster, labor strife, war, political unrest, terrorist activity or public health concerns, particularly in emerging countries that are not well-equipped to handle such occurrences.

Our manufacturing facilities abroad are dependent on the stability of governments and business conditions and may be more susceptible to changes in laws, policies and regulation in host countries, as well as economic and political upheaval, than our domestic facilities. These facilities face increased risks of nationalization as well as operational disruptions which could cause delays in shipments of products and the loss of sales and customers, and insurance proceeds may not adequately compensate us.

Our Substantial Sales Abroad Subject Us to Economic Risk as Our Results of Operations May Be Adversely Affected by Foreign Currency Fluctuations and Changes in Local Government Regulations and Policies

We sell, manufacture, engineer and purchase products in overseas markets and a significant portion of our sales occur in mature and emerging markets outside the United States. We expect sales from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of our total sales. International sales and operations are subject to changes in local government regulations and policies, including those related to tariffs and trade barriers, investments, taxation, exchange controls and repatriation of earnings, which could adversely affect our results. Changes in the relative values of currencies occur from time to time and have affected our operating results and could do so in the future. While we monitor our exchange rate exposures and attempt to reduce this exposure through hedging activities, this risk could adversely affect our operating results.

Recessions, Adverse Market Conditions or Downturns in End Markets We Serve May Negatively Affect Our Operations

In the past, our operations have been exposed to significant volatility due to changes in general economic conditions, recessions or adverse conditions in the end markets we serve. In the future, similar changes could adversely impact overall sales, operating results and cash flows. Moreover, during economic downturns we may undertake more extensive restructuring actions and incur higher costs. If our restructuring actions are not sufficiently effective, we may not be able to achieve our anticipated operating results. In addition, these factors could lead to impairment charges for goodwill or other long-lived assets.

Access to Funding Through the Capital Markets Is Essential to the Execution of Our Business Plan and if We Are Unable to Maintain Such Access We Could Experience a Material Adverse Effect on Our Business and Financial Results

Our ability to invest in our businesses, make strategic acquisitions and refinance maturing debt obligations requires access to the capital markets and sufficient bank credit lines to support short-term borrowings. Volatility in the capital markets may increase costs associated with issuing commercial paper or other debt instruments, or affect the Company’s ability to access those markets. If we are unable to continue to access the capital markets, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business and financial results. Additionally, if our customers, suppliers or financial institutions are unable to access the capital markets to meet their commitments to the Company, our business could be adversely impacted.

Our Business Success Depends on the Ability to Attract, Develop and Retain Key Personnel

Our success depends in part on the efforts and abilities of our management and key employees. Their skills, experience and industry knowledge significantly benefit our operations and performance. The failure to attract, develop and retain highly qualified personnel could adversely affect our business and operating results.
 

10


Security Breaches or Disruptions of Our Information Technology Systems Could Adversely Affect Our Business

The Company utilizes a variety of information technology systems to manage and operate its businesses.  Despite the implementation of extensive security measures (including access controls, data encryption, vulnerability assessments, continuous monitoring, and maintenance of backup and protective systems), the Company’s information technology systems are potentially vulnerable to unauthorized access, computer viruses, cyberattack and other events, ranging from individual attempts to advanced persistent threats. Although considered unlikely, it is possible a security breach could result in theft of trade secrets or other intellectual property or disclosure of confidential customer, supplier or employee information. Should the Company be unable to prevent security breaches, disruptions could have an adverse effect on our operations, as well as expose the Company to litigation, increased cybersecurity protection costs and reputational damage.

We Are Subject to Litigation and Environmental Regulations That Could Adversely Impact Our Operating Results

We are, and may in the future be, a party to a number of legal proceedings and claims, including those involving intellectual property, product liability and environmental matters, several of which claim, or may in the future claim, significant damages. Given the inherent uncertainty of litigation, we can offer no assurance that existing litigation or a future adverse development will not have a material adverse impact. We also are subject to various laws and regulations relating to environmental protection and the discharge of materials into the environment, and we could incur substantial costs as a result of the noncompliance with or liability for cleanup or other costs or damages under environmental laws.

ITEM 1B - UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2 - PROPERTIES
 
At September 30, 2016, the Company had approximately 205 manufacturing locations worldwide, of which approximately 135 were located outside the United States, primarily in Europe and Asia, and to a lesser extent in Canada and Latin America. Manufacturing locations by business segment are: Process Management, 76; Industrial Automation, 32; Climate Technologies, 33; and Commercial & Residential Solutions, 14. There were approximately 50 manufacturing facilities related to businesses included in discontinued operations at September 30, 2016. The majority of the locations are owned, with the remainder occupied under lease. The Company considers its facilities suitable and adequate for the purposes for which they are used.
 
ITEM 3 - LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
The Company and its subsidiaries are party to various legal proceedings, some of which claim substantial amounts of damages. It is not possible to predict the outcome of these matters, but historically the Company has been largely successful in both prosecuting and defending claims and lawsuits.

The Company believes a material adverse impact of any pending litigation is unlikely. Nevertheless, given the uncertainties of litigation, a remote possibility exists that litigation could have a material adverse impact on the Company.

The information regarding legal proceedings set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Note 13 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements is hereby incorporated by reference.

ITEM 4 - MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.
 

11


EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT
 
The following sets forth certain information as of November 16, 2016 with respect to the Company's executive officers. The Fiscal Year column indicates the first year the executive served as an officer of the Company. These officers have been elected or appointed to terms which expire February 7, 2017:
 
Name
Position
Age
Fiscal Year
 
 
 
 
D. N. Farr
Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer*
61
1985
 
 
 
 
F. J. Dellaquila
Senior Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
59
1991
 
 
 
 
E. L. Monser
President
66
2002
 
 
 
 
E. M. Purvis
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
59
2003
 
 
 
 
S. J. Pelch
Executive Vice President - Organization Planning and Development
52
2005
 
 
 
 
R. T. Sharp
Executive President - Commercial & Residential Solutions
49
2012
 
 
 
 
M. H. Train
Executive President - Automation Solutions
54
1994
 
 
 
 
S. Y. Bosco
Senior Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel
58
2005
 
 
 
 
M. J. Bulanda
Senior Vice President - Acquisition Planning and Development
50
2002
 
 
 
 
K. Button Bell
Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer
58
1999
 
 
 
 
R. J. Schlueter
Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
62
1992
 
*Also chairman of the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors.
 
There are no family relationships among any of the executive officers and directors.

David N. Farr has been Chief Executive Officer since October 2000, was appointed Chairman of the Board in September 2004, and also served as President from November 2005 to October 2010.

Frank J. Dellaquila was appointed Senior Executive Vice President in November 2016, Executive Vice President in November 2012 and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in February 2010.

Edward L. Monser was appointed President in October 2010 and was Chief Operating Officer from November 2001 to January 2015.

Edgar M. Purvis was appointed Chief Operating Officer in January 2015. Prior to his current position, Mr. Purvis was Executive Vice President responsible for the Climate Technologies business segment from 2008 to January 2015.

Steven J. Pelch was appointed Executive Vice President in November 2016, Senior Vice President in November 2015 and Vice President - Organization Planning and Development in November 2014. Prior to that, Mr. Pelch was Vice President - Organization Planning from October 2012 to November 2014 and Vice President - Planning from October 2005 to October 2012.

Robert T. Sharp was appointed Executive President - Commercial & Residential Solutions in October 2016. Prior to his current position, Mr. Sharp was Executive Vice President - Commercial & Residential Solutions from February 2016 through October 2016, Executive Vice President - Climate Technologies from February 2015 through February 2016, Vice President - Profit Planning from 2013 through January 2015 and President - Emerson Process Management Europe from 2009 through 2013.


12


Michael H. Train was appointed Executive President - Automation Solutions in October 2016. Prior to his current position, Mr. Train was Executive Vice President - Automation Solutions from May 2016 through October 2016 and President of Global Sales for Emerson Process Management from 2010 through May 2016.

Sara Y. Bosco was appointed to the position of Senior Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel in May 2016. Prior to her current position, Ms. Bosco was President, Emerson Asia-Pacific from 2008 through May 2016.

Mark J. Bulanda was appointed Senior Vice President in November 2016 and Vice President - Acquisition Planning and Development in May 2016. Prior to his current position, Mr. Bulanda was Executive Vice President - Emerson Industrial Automation from 2012 through May 2016 and President of Emerson’s Control Techniques business from 2010 through 2012.

Katherine Button Bell was appointed Senior Vice President in November 2016 and Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer in 1999.

Richard J. Schlueter was appointed Controller in October 2011. He has been Vice President Accounting since 1999 and was appointed Chief Accounting Officer in February 2003.

13


PART II
 
ITEM 5 - MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Information regarding the market for the Company's common stock, quarterly market price ranges and dividend payments is set forth in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K in Note 20 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which note is hereby incorporated by reference. There were approximately 19,724 stockholders of record at September 30, 2016.
Period
 
Total Number of Share Purchased (000s)
 
Average Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs (000s)
 
Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs (000s)
July 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
64,416
August 2016
 
 
875
 
 
 
$52.94
 
 
 
875
 
 
63,541
September 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
63,541
     Total
 
 
875
 
 
 
$52.94
 
 
 
875
 
 
63,541

The 63.5 million shares available for purchase represent the remaining authorized shares under a 70 million share purchase program approved by the Board of Directors in November 2015.
 
ITEM 6 - SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Years ended September 30
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2012 (a)

 
2013 (a)

 
2014

 
2015 (b)

 
2016

Net sales
$
17,349

 
17,935

 
17,733

 
16,249

 
14,522

Earnings from continuing operations – common
   stockholders
$
1,444

 
1,506

 
2,201

 
2,517

 
1,590

Basic earnings per common share from continuing
   operations
$
1.97

 
2.09

 
3.13

 
3.72

 
2.46

Diluted earnings per common share from continuing
   operations
$
1.96

 
2.08

 
3.11

 
3.71

 
2.45

Cash dividends per common share
$
1.60

 
1.64

 
1.72

 
1.88

 
1.90

Long-term debt
$
3,787

 
4,055

 
3,559

 
4,289

 
4,062

Total assets
$
23,818

 
24,711

 
24,177

 
22,088

 
21,743


(a) Includes goodwill impairment and income tax charges as follows: 2013, $566 million and $0.78 per share; 2012, $425 million and $0.58 per share.

(b) Includes gains from divestitures of businesses of $611 million and $0.90 per share.

See Notes 3 and 4 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which notes are hereby incorporated by reference, for information regarding the Company's acquisition and divestiture activities for the last three years.

14


ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Safe Harbor Statement

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains various forward-looking statements and includes assumptions concerning Emerson's operations, future results and prospects, including the planned separation of the network power systems business and the power generation, motors and drives businesses and other strategic repositioning actions. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Emerson undertakes no obligation to update any such statements to reflect later developments. In connection with the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Emerson provides the cautionary statements set forth under Item 1A - "Risk Factors," which are hereby incorporated by reference and identify important economic, political and technological factors, among others, changes in which could cause the actual results or events to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by the forward-looking statements and related assumptions.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 
To supplement the Company’s financial information presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP), management periodically uses certain “non-GAAP financial measures,” as such term is defined in Regulation G under SEC rules, to clarify and enhance understanding of past performance and prospects for the future. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s operating performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes or includes amounts that are included in or excluded from the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. For example, non-GAAP measures may exclude the impact of certain items such as our strategic repositioning actions, other acquisitions or divestitures, changes in reporting segments, gains, losses and impairments, or items outside of management’s control, such as foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Management believes that the following non-GAAP financial measures provide investors and analysts useful insight into the Company’s financial position and operating performance. Any non-GAAP measure provided should be viewed in addition to, and not as an alternative to, the most directly comparable measure determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP, as identified in italics below. Further, the calculation of these non-GAAP financial measures may differ from the calculation of similarly titled financial measures presented by other companies and therefore may not be comparable among companies.
 
Underlying sales, which exclude the impact of acquisitions, divestitures and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates during the periods presented, are provided to facilitate relevant period-to-period comparisons of sales growth by excluding those items that impact overall comparability (U.S. GAAP measure: net sales).
 
Operating profit (defined as net sales less cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses) and operating profit margin (defined as operating profit divided by net sales) are indicative of short-term operational performance and ongoing profitability. Management closely monitors operating profit and operating profit margin of each business to evaluate past performance and actions required to improve profitability. EBIT (defined as earnings before deductions for interest expense, net and income taxes) and total segment EBIT, and EBIT margin (defined as EBIT divided by net sales) and total segment EBIT margin, are commonly used financial measures that exclude the impact of financing on the capital structure and income taxes. All these measures are utilized by management to evaluate performance (U.S. GAAP measures: pretax earnings or pretax profit margin).

Earnings, earnings per share, return on common stockholders’ equity and return on total capital excluding certain gains and losses, impairments, costs associated with the strategic portfolio repositioning actions, or other items provide additional insight into the underlying, ongoing operating performance of the Company and facilitate period-to-period comparisons by excluding the earnings impact of these items. Management believes that presenting earnings, earnings per share, return on common stockholders' equity and return on total capital excluding these items is more representative of the Company’s operational performance and may be more useful for investors (U.S. GAAP measures: earnings, earnings per share, return on common stockholders’ equity, return on total capital).

Free cash flow (operating cash flow less capital expenditures) is an indicator of the Company’s cash generating capabilities after considering investments in capital assets which are necessary to maintain and enhance existing operations. The determination of operating cash flow adds back noncash depreciation expense to earnings and thereby does not reflect a charge for necessary capital expenditures. Management believes that free cash flow is

15



useful to both management and investors as a measure of the Company’s ability to generate cash (U.S. GAAP measure: operating cash flow).  

FINANCIAL REVIEW
Report of Management
The Company's management is responsible for the integrity and accuracy of the financial statements. Management believes that the financial statements for the three years ended September 30, 2016 have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles appropriate in the circumstances. In preparing the financial statements, management makes informed judgments and estimates where necessary to reflect the expected effects of events and transactions that have not been completed. The Company's disclosure controls and procedures ensure that material information required to be disclosed is recorded, processed, summarized and communicated to management and reported within the required time periods.
In meeting its responsibility for the reliability of the financial statements, management relies on a system of internal accounting control. This system is designed to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded and transactions are executed in accordance with management's authorization and recorded properly to permit the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The design of this system recognizes that errors or irregularities may occur and that estimates and judgments are required to assess the relative cost and expected benefits of the controls. Management believes that the Company's internal accounting controls provide reasonable assurance that errors or irregularities that could be material to the financial statements are prevented or would be detected within a timely period.
The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, which is composed solely of independent directors, is responsible for overseeing the Company's financial reporting process. The Audit Committee meets with management and the Company's internal auditors periodically to review the work of each and to monitor the discharge by each of its responsibilities. The Audit Committee also meets periodically with the independent auditors, who have free access to the Audit Committee and the Board of Directors, to discuss the quality and acceptability of the Company's financial reporting and internal controls, as well as nonaudit-related services.
The independent auditors are engaged to express an opinion on the Company's consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Their opinions are based on procedures that they believe to be sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that the financial statements contain no material errors and that the Company's internal controls are effective.
Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting for the Company. With the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting based on the framework and the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management has concluded that internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2016.
The Company's auditor, KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, has issued an audit report on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
/s/ David N. Farr
 
/s/ Frank J. Dellaquila
 
David N. Farr
 
Frank J. Dellaquila
 
Chairman of the Board
 
Senior Executive Vice President
 
and Chief Executive Officer
 
and Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
 



16



Results of Operations
Years ended September 30
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 

14 vs. 15
 

15 vs. 16
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
17,733

 
16,249

 
14,522

 
(8
)%
 
(11
)%
Gross profit
$
7,762

 
7,008

 
6,262

 
(10
)%
 
(11
)%
Percent of sales
43.8
%
 
43.1
%
 
43.1
%
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SG&A
$
4,164

 
3,735

 
3,464

 
 
 
 

Percent of sales
23.5
%
 
23.0
%
 
23.8
%
 
 
 
 

Gains on divestitures of businesses
$

 
1,039

 

 
 
 
 
Other deductions, net
$
211

 
330

 
294

 
 
 
 

Interest expense, net
$
196

 
175

 
188

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  before income taxes
$
3,191

 
3,807

 
2,316

 
19
 %
 
(39
)%
Percent of sales
18.0
%
 
23.4
%
 
16.0
%
 
 
 
 

Earnings from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  common stockholders
$
2,201

 
2,517

 
1,590

 
14
 %
 
(37
)%
Net earnings common stockholders
$
2,147

 
2,710

 
1,635

 
26
 %
 
(40
)%
Percent of sales
12.1
%
 
16.7
%
 
11.3
%
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted EPS – Earnings from continuing operations
$
3.11

 
3.71

 
2.45

 
19
 %
 
(34
)%
Diluted EPS – Net earnings
$
3.03

 
3.99

 
2.52

 
32
 %
 
(37
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on common stockholders' equity
20.7
%
 
29.8
%
 
20.9
%
 
 
 
 
Return on total capital
17.5
%
 
22.8
%
 
15.5
%
 
 
 
 

OVERVIEW
The Company previously announced strategic actions to streamline its portfolio, drive growth and accelerate value creation for shareholders. These portfolio repositioning actions resulted in agreements to sell the network power systems business and the power generation, motors and drives businesses. These businesses have been reported within discontinued operations for all years presented.

Emerson's sales from continuing operations for 2016 were $14.5 billion, a decrease of $1,727 million, or 11 percent. Underlying sales were down 7 percent compared with the prior year reflecting the negative impact of low oil and gas prices, weak industrial and emerging market business spending, and global economic uncertainty. Foreign currency translation subtracted 2 percent and divestitures, net of acquisitions reduced sales by 2 percent. Net sales related to discontinued operations were $5.7 billion for 2016 compared with $6.1 billion in 2015.

Earnings from continuing operations common stockholders were $1,590 million in 2016, down 37 percent compared with prior year earnings of $2,517 million. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $2.45, down 34 percent versus $3.71 per share in 2015. Excluding divestiture gains in 2015, earnings from continuing operations were down 17 percent compared with $1,906 million in 2015, while diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were down 13 percent versus $2.81 in the prior year. Gains from the prior year divestitures of the power transmission solutions and commercial storage businesses were $611 million in total, or $0.90 per share, which negatively impacted earnings and earnings per share comparisons by 20 and 21 percentage points, respectively.

Earnings from discontinued operations for 2016 were $45 million ($0.07 per share), which includes earnings from the operations of the network power systems, and power generation, motors and drives businesses of $344 million ($0.53 per share), and other items which reduced earnings by $299 million ($0.46 per share). See discussion below.


17



Net earnings common stockholders were $1,635 million in 2016, down 40 percent compared with prior year earnings of $2,710 million. Diluted earnings per share were $2.52, down 37 percent versus $3.99 per share in 2015. Excluding items, net earnings were $1,934 million, down 10 percent compared with $2,151 million in 2015, while diluted earnings per share were $2.98, down 6 percent versus $3.17 in 2015.
Excluded items in 2016 include separation costs of $220 million ($0.34 per share), a loss of $103 million ($0.16 per share) to write down the power generation, motors and drives businesses to the sales price less costs to sell, and lower expense of $24 million ($0.04 per share benefit) due to ceasing depreciation and amortization for the discontinued businesses held-for-sale. Excluded items in 2015 include the divestiture gains of $611 million ($0.90 per share benefit) and separation costs of $52 million ($0.08 per share). In total, these items negatively impacted net earnings and earnings per share comparisons 30 and 31 percentage points, respectively.
Sales decreased in all segments. Process Management sales decreased 12 percent and Industrial Automation sales were down 15 percent (7 percent due to the power transmission solutions divestiture in 2015) as global oil and gas customers curtailed spending levels in a difficult environment and weakness in industrial spending persisted. Climate Technologies sales decreased 2 percent, while Commercial & Residential Solutions sales decreased 16 percent (15 percent due to the commercial storage divestiture in 2015).

The Company generated operating cash flow of $2.9 billion, of which $2.5 billion related to continuing operations. Operating cash flow from continuing operations increased $459 million in 2016 as comparisons benefited from income taxes of $424 million paid in the prior year on the divestiture gains.

NET SALES
Net sales for 2016 were $14.5 billion, a decrease of $1,727 million, or 11 percent compared with 2015. Underlying sales, which exclude foreign currency translation, acquisitions and divestitures, decreased 7 percent ($1,046 million) on 6 percent lower volume and 1 percent lower price. Foreign currency translation subtracted 2 percent ($266 million) and divestitures, net of acquisitions subtracted 2 percent ($415 million). Underlying sales decreased 5 percent in the U.S. and 8 percent internationally. Sales in Process Management decreased $1,032 million, Industrial Automation decreased $376 million ($189 million due to the power transmission solutions divestiture in 2015), Climate Technologies decreased $62 million and Commercial & Residential Solutions decreased $302 million ($288 million due to the commercial storage divestiture in 2015).

Net sales for 2015 were $16.2 billion, a decrease of $1,484 million, or 8 percent compared with 2014. Underlying sales decreased 1 percent ($169 million) on volume declines. Foreign currency translation subtracted 4 percent ($717 million) and divestitures, net of acquisitions subtracted 3 percent ($598 million). Underlying sales were flat in the U.S. and decreased 2 percent internationally. Sales in Process Management decreased $673 million, Industrial Automation decreased $556 million and Climate Technologies decreased $98 million, while sales in Commercial & Residential Solutions increased slightly.
 
INTERNATIONAL SALES
Emerson is a global business with international sales representing 52 percent of total sales, including U.S. exports. Although economic conditions are currently soft worldwide, the Company generally expects faster economic growth in emerging markets in Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe and Middle East/Africa in the future.
 
International destination sales, including U.S. exports, decreased 12 percent, to $7.6 billion in 2016, reflecting decreases in all segments, partially due to divestitures. U.S. exports of $888 million were down 25 percent compared with 2015, reflecting reduced spending by global oil and gas customers, weakness in industrial spending and the stronger U.S. dollar. Underlying international destination sales declined 8 percent, as foreign currency translation and divestitures had a 3 percent and a 1 percent unfavorable impact, respectively, on the comparison. Underlying sales were up 2 percent in Europe and decreased 10 percent in both Asia and Latin America. Sales decreased 21 percent in Canada and 15 percent in Middle East/Africa. Continued weakness in energy-related and industrial end markets and global economic uncertainty has continued to challenge growth in these areas. Origin sales by international subsidiaries, including shipments to the U.S., totaled $6.8 billion in 2016, down 10 percent compared with 2015, reflecting the weakness in industrial capital spending, unfavorable foreign currency translation and divestitures.


18



International destination sales, including U.S. exports, decreased 12 percent, to $8.6 billion in 2015, primarily reflecting decreases in Process Management and Industrial Automation, partially due to the power transmission solutions divestiture. These decreases were partially offset by growth in Climate Technologies and Commercial & Residential Solutions. U.S. exports of $1.2 billion were down 8 percent compared with 2014. Underlying international destination sales declined 2 percent on lower volume, as foreign currency translation and divestitures had an 8 and 2 percent unfavorable impact, respectively, on the comparison. Underlying sales were flat in Europe, decreased 4 percent in Asia (China down 9 percent) and 10 percent in Latin America, and were flat in Canada. Sales in Middle East/Africa increased 5 percent. The slowdown in industrial capital spending, particularly in oil and gas, hampered growth in these areas. Origin sales by international subsidiaries, including shipments to the U.S., totaled $7.5 billion in 2015, down 12 percent compared with 2014, reflecting the slowdown in industrial capital spending, unfavorable foreign currency translation and divestitures.

ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES
See information under “Discontinued Operations” for a discussion of the Company’s divestitures related to its portfolio repositioning actions.

In the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase Pentair's Valves & Controls business for $3.15 billion, subject to certain post-closing adjustments. This business, with sales of approximately $1.6 billion, is a manufacturer of controls, isolation and pressure relief valves and actuators, and will complement the Process Management segment's final control business. The transaction is expected to close by the end of calendar year 2016 or shortly thereafter, subject to customary closing conditions and various regulatory approvals. The Company acquired six businesses in 2016, four in Process Management's final control and measurement devices businesses and two in Climate Technologies. Total cash paid for these businesses was $132 million, net of cash acquired. Annualized sales for these businesses were approximately $51 million in 2016. These acquisitions complement the existing segment portfolios and create incremental growth opportunities. See Note 3 and Item 1A - "Risk Factors."

The Company completed eight acquisitions in 2015, seven in Process Management and one in Commercial & Residential Solutions, which had combined annualized sales of approximately $115 million. Total cash paid for all businesses was $324 million, net of cash acquired.

In January 2015, the Company completed the sale of its mechanical power transmission solutions business to Regal Beloit Corporation for $1.4 billion, and recognized a pretax gain from the transaction of $939 million ($532 million after-tax, $0.78 per share). Proceeds from the divestiture were used for share repurchase. This business was previously reported in the Industrial Automation segment, and had partial year sales of $189 million in 2015 and related pretax earnings of $21 million. Power transmission solutions designs and manufactures market-leading couplings, bearings, conveying components and gearing and drive components, and provides supporting services and solutions.

On September 30, 2015, the Company sold its InterMetro commercial storage business to Ali Group of Italy for $411 million in cash and recognized a pretax gain from the transaction of $100 million ($79 million after-tax, $0.12 per share). This business had annual sales of $288 million and pretax earnings of $42 million in 2015, and was included in the Commercial & Residential Solutions segment. InterMetro is a leading manufacturer and supplier of storage and transport products in the food service, commercial products and health care industries.

In 2014, the Company acquired Virgo Valves and Enardo Holdings, manufacturers of engineered valves and automation systems, and tank and terminal safety equipment, respectively. Both businesses are reported in Process Management and complement the existing portfolio. The Company also acquired four other smaller businesses in 2014, in Process Management and Network Power. Combined annualized sales for all businesses acquired in 2014 were approximately $376 million. The Company also acquired the remaining 44.5 percent noncontrolling interest in the Appleton Group electrical distribution business, in the Industrial Automation segment, in 2014. Sales for this business were $542 million in 2014. Full ownership of Appleton provides growth opportunities in oil and gas and chemicals end markets.

Early in 2014, the Company completed the divestiture of a 51 percent controlling interest in Artesyn and received net proceeds of $264 million. The Company used the sale proceeds and cash repatriated from the business to purchase common stock. Late in 2014, the Company sold its connectivity solutions business for $99 million in cash.


19



COST OF SALES
Cost of sales for 2016 were $8.3 billion, a decrease of $981 million compared with $9.2 billion in 2015, primarily due to reduced sales volume, the impact of foreign currency translation ($186 million) and prior year divestitures ($273 million). Gross profit was $6.3 billion in 2016 compared to $7.0 billion in 2015. Gross margin of 43.1 percent was flat compared with 2015, as savings from cost reduction and containment actions were offset by deleverage on lower volume and unfavorable mix.

Cost of sales for 2015 were $9.2 billion, a decrease of $730 million compared with $10.0 billion in 2014, primarily due to the impact of foreign currency translation ($459 million), divestitures ($425 million), lower sales volume and the benefit of cost reduction efforts. Gross profit was $7.0 billion in 2015 compared with $7.8 billion in 2014. Gross margin of 43.1 percent decreased 0.7 percentage points versus 43.8 percent in 2014 due to deleverage on the lower volume, unfavorable mix and the impact of the stronger dollar on product costs, partially offset by savings from restructuring actions. Divestitures had a 0.4 percentage point favorable impact on margin.

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses of $3.5 billion in 2016 decreased $271 million compared with 2015. The decrease reflects savings from cost reduction actions, reduced costs from lower sales volume, and prior year divestitures ($137 million), partially offset by higher incentive stock compensation of $121 million. SG&A as a percent of sales of 23.8 percent increased 0.8 percent in 2016, reflecting deleverage on lower sales volume and higher incentive stock compensation, primarily due to changes in the stock price and overlap of awards, partially offset by savings from restructuring actions.

SG&A expenses of $3.7 billion in 2015 decreased $429 million compared with 2014. The decrease primarily reflects the impact of foreign currency translation ($155 million), divestitures ($131 million), reduced costs from lower sales volume, and lower incentive stock compensation of $99 million. SG&A as a percent of sales was 23.0 percent in 2015, a 0.5 percentage point decrease compared with 23.5 percent in 2014, as deleverage on the lower volume was more than offset by savings from restructuring actions and lower incentive stock compensation expense.

GAINS ON DIVESTITURES OF BUSINESSES
In 2015, the Company sold its power transmission solutions and commercial storage businesses and recorded pretax gains of $939 million ($532 million after-tax, $0.78 per share) and $100 million ($79 million after-tax, $0.12 per share), respectively. See Note 3.

OTHER DEDUCTIONS, NET
Other deductions, net were $294 million in 2016, a $36 million decrease from 2015 primarily due to lower restructuring costs of $42 million, decreased litigation costs of $30 million and a $21 million gain on payments received related to dumping duties. The decrease in other deductions was partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency transactions of $67 million. See Note 5.

Other deductions, net were $330 million in 2015, a $119 million increase from 2014 primarily due to an increase in restructuring costs of $99 million, higher litigation costs of $29 million and unfavorable foreign currency transactions of $15 million, partially offset by a favorable comparative effect from a $34 million equity investment loss in the prior year. The Company accelerated restructuring activity in 2015 to address the global slowdown in capital spending and position itself for future growth.

INTEREST EXPENSE, NET
Interest expense, net was $188 million, $175 million and $196 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The decrease of $21 million in 2015 primarily resulted from the maturity of long-term debt with relatively higher interest rates.

INCOME TAXES
Income taxes were $697 million, $1,267 million and $953 million for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, resulting in effective tax rates of 30 percent, 33 percent and 30 percent in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The 3 percentage point higher rate in 2015 was due to taxes on the gains from the divestitures of the power transmission solutions and commercial storage businesses.

20



EARNINGS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Earnings from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders in 2016 were $1,590 million, down 37 percent compared with 2015, and diluted earnings per share were $2.45 in 2016, down 34 percent. Divestiture gains in the prior year negatively impacted earnings from continuing operations and earnings per share comparisons 20 and 21 percentage points, respectively. Segment earnings in 2016 decreased $362 million in Process Management, $51 million in Industrial Automation, partially due to the power transmission solutions divestiture and $19 million in Commercial & Residential Solutions due to the commercial storage divestiture. Earnings increased $71 million in Climate Technologies. See the Business Segments discussion that follows and Note 18.

Earnings from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders in 2015 were $2,517 million, up 14 percent compared with 2014, and diluted earnings per share were $3.71, up 19 percent. Gains from divestitures in 2015 benefited earnings from continuing operations and earnings per share growth by 27 and 29 percentage points, respectively. Segment earnings in 2015 decreased $425 million in Process Management, $131 million in Industrial Automation, partially due to the power transmission solutions divestiture, $39 million in Climate Technologies and $18 million in Commercial & Residential Solutions.

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
As of July 29, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its network power systems business for $4.0 billion in cash, subject to certain post-closing adjustments, and will retain a subordinated interest in distributions, contingent upon the equity holders first receiving a threshold return on their initial investment. This business comprised the former Network Power segment and provides mission-critical infrastructure products and solutions and life cycle management services for vital applications in data centers, communication networks, and commercial/industrial environments. Also, on July 30, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its power generation, motors and drives businesses for a value of $1.2 billion, representing cash plus assumption of certain postretirement liabilities by the buyer, subject to post-closing adjustments. These businesses were previously reported in the Industrial Automation segment, and provide low, medium and high voltage alternators and other power generation equipment and commercial and industrial motors and drives, which are used in a wide variety of manufacturing and industrial applications. Both transactions are expected to close by the end of calendar year 2016 subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals, and will result in a smaller and more focused Company, with leadership positions in higher-growth end markets that provide significant opportunities for enhanced growth and improved profitability. The results of operations for these businesses have been reclassified into discontinued operations and the assets and liabilities are reflected as held-for-sale for all periods presented. See Note 4 and Item 1A - "Risk Factors."

The businesses included in discontinued operations had combined annual sales of $5,746 million, $6,094 million and $6,842 million and net earnings (loss) of $45 million, $193 million and $(54) million for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Net earnings of $45 million ($0.07 per share) in 2016 include earnings from the operations of the network power systems, and power generation, motors and drives businesses of $344 million ($0.53 per share), and other items which reduced earnings by $299 million ($0.46 per share). Other items for 2016 include separation costs to execute the portfolio repositioning of $220 million ($0.34 per share), comprised of income tax expense of $143 million for repatriation of cash from these businesses, reorganization of their legal structures prior to sale, and basis differences for book and tax, as well as costs for legal, consulting, investment banking and other expenses of $77 million. In addition, net earnings for 2016 include a loss of $103 million ($0.16 per share) to write down the power generation, motors and drives businesses to the sales price less costs to sell, and lower expense of $24 million ($0.04 per share benefit) due to ceasing depreciation and amortization for the discontinued businesses held-for-sale. Earnings for 2015 include separation costs of $52 million, comprised of income taxes of $42 million and fees of $10 million, and earnings for 2014 include a noncash goodwill impairment charge of $508 million related to the network power systems business in Europe. Operating cash flow from discontinued operations was $382 million (reduced by payments of $179 million for separation costs), $489 million and $693 million and capital expenditures were $76 million, $97 million and $116 million for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Upon completion of the transactions, the Company preliminarily expects to recognize a pretax gain of approximately $500 million and to break even after-tax, subject to finalization of several matters including separation costs to complete the transactions. In addition, the Company may incur U.S. tax costs of approximately $200 million for repatriation of estimated sales proceeds of $1.5 billion expected to be received offshore in connection with the transactions. The Company's decision whether to repatriate these proceeds will be determined in connection with funding needs for the acquisition of Pentair's Valves & Controls non-U.S. operations.


21



NET EARNINGS AND EARNINGS PER SHARE; RETURNS ON EQUITY AND TOTAL CAPITAL
Net earnings attributable to common stockholders in 2016 were $1,635 million, down 40 percent compared with 2015, and diluted earnings per share were $2.52, down 37 percent. Separation costs and other items negatively impacted earnings $299 million ($0.46 per share) in 2016, while divestiture gains and other items benefited earnings $559 million ($0.82 per share) in 2015. Combined, these items negatively impacted net earnings and earnings per share comparisons 30 and 31 percentage points, respectively.

Other items in 2016 include separation costs of $220 million ($0.34 per share), a loss of $103 million ($0.16 per share) to write down the power generation, motors and drives businesses to the sales price less costs to sell, and lower expense of $24 million ($0.04 per share benefit) due to ceasing depreciation and amortization for the discontinued businesses held-for-sale. Items in 2015 include the divestiture gains of $611 million ($0.90 per share benefit) and separation costs of $52 million ($0.08 per share).
Net earnings attributable to common stockholders in 2015 were $2,710 million, up 26 percent compared with 2014, and diluted earnings per share were $3.99, up 32 percent. Combined, the gains from divestitures and separation costs in 2015, and the goodwill impairment charge in 2014, benefited net earnings and earnings per share comparisons 45 and 47 percentage points, respectively.

Return on common stockholders' equity (net earnings attributable to common stockholders divided by average common stockholders' equity) was 20.9 percent in 2016 compared with 29.8 percent in 2015 and 20.7 percent in 2014. Return on total capital was 15.5 percent in 2016 compared with 22.8 percent in 2015 and 17.5 percent in 2014 (computed as net earnings attributable to common stockholders excluding after-tax net interest expense, divided by average common stockholders' equity plus short- and long-term debt less cash and short-term investments). Combined, the separation costs related to the portfolio repositioning actions, the loss related to the sale of the power generation, motors and drives businesses, and the lower depreciation and amortization expense for the discontinued businesses held-for-sale reduced the 2016 returns on common stockholders' equity and total capital approximately 3 percentage points. For 2015, the combined impact of divestitures and the separation costs increased the returns on common stockholders' equity and total capital approximately 6 and 5 percentage points, respectively. The goodwill impairment charge in 2014 reduced the returns on common stockholders' equity and total capital approximately 3 percentage points.

Business Segments
Following is an analysis of segment results for 2016 compared with 2015, and 2015 compared with 2014.
The Company defines segment earnings as earnings before interest and income taxes.
PROCESS MANAGEMENT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
14 vs. 15

 
15 vs. 16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
9,189

 
8,516

 
7,484

 
(7
)%
 
(12
)%
Earnings
$
1,918

 
1,493

 
1,131

 
(22
)%
 
(24
)%
Margin
20.9
%
 
17.5
%
 
15.1
%
 
 
 
 

2016 vs. 2015 - Process Management reported sales of $7.5 billion in 2016, a decrease of $1,032 million or 12 percent. Underlying sales decreased 11 percent ($911 million) on 10 percent lower volume and 1 percent lower price as global oil and gas customers continued to curtail spending levels in a difficult environment. Foreign currency translation had a 2 percent ($178 million) unfavorable impact while acquisitions added 1 percent ($57 million). The measurement devices, final control and systems and solutions businesses were all down. Underlying sales decreased 10 percent in the U.S., were up 2 percent in Europe and decreased 14 percent in Asia (China down 18 percent). Latin America decreased 14 percent, Canada decreased 29 percent and Middle East/Africa was down 19 percent. Earnings decreased $362 million and margin was down 2.4 percentage points due to sharply lower volume, deleverage and unfavorable mix, partially offset by savings from cost reduction actions and lower restructuring costs of $15 million. Materials cost containment offset lower pricing. Results also reflect unfavorable foreign currency transactions of $69 million, partially offset by a favorable comparison from litigation costs of $20 million in 2015. Results will remain under pressure through the majority of fiscal 2017 on continuing weakness in key served markets, particularly upstream oil and gas. Activity in life sciences and power had positive sales growth in 2016 and is expected to have continued growth in 2017.

22




2015 vs. 2014 - Process Management reported sales of $8.5 billion in 2015, a decrease of $673 million or 7 percent. Underlying sales decreased 2 percent ($221 million) as persistent low oil and gas prices reduced capital and operating spending, especially in upstream markets. Foreign currency translation had an additional 5 percent ($481 million) unfavorable impact while acquisitions ($29 million) provided a slight benefit. The measurement devices, final control and systems and solutions businesses all declined. Underlying sales were flat in the U.S., up 1 percent in Europe and decreased 6 percent in Asia (China down 9 percent). Latin America decreased 14 percent and Canada decreased 1 percent, while Middle East/Africa was up 2 percent. Earnings decreased $425 million and margin was down 3.4 percentage points due to lower volume and deleverage, unfavorable mix and the impact of a stronger dollar on operations. Increased restructuring costs of $72 million, higher costs related to growth investments initiated in the prior year and other items were offset by savings from cost reduction actions.
INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
14 vs. 15

 
15 vs. 16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
3,004

 
2,448

 
2,072

 
(19
)%
 
(15
)%
Earnings
$
640

 
509

 
458

 
(20
)%
 
(10
)%
Margin
21.3
%
 
20.8
%
 
22.1
%
 
 
 
 

2016 vs. 2015 - Industrial Automation sales were $2.1 billion in 2016, a decrease of $376 million or 15 percent. Underlying sales decreased 7 percent ($159 million) on 5 percent lower volume and 2 percent lower price, reflecting weakness in industrial spending and upstream oil and gas markets. Additionally, the power transmission solutions divestiture deducted 7 percent ($189 million) and foreign currency translation subtracted 1 percent ($28 million). The sales decrease was led by the electrical distribution, fluid automation and hermetic motors businesses. Underlying sales decreased 9 percent in the U.S., were up 1 percent in Europe and decreased 7 percent in Asia. Sales decreased 10 percent in Latin America, 7 percent in Canada and 4 percent in Middle East/Africa. Earnings of $458 million were down $51 million, or 10 percent, due to the power transmission solutions divestiture, which negatively impacted the earnings comparison $19 million, and lower volume, partially offset by savings from restructuring actions. Materials cost containment offset lower pricing. Margin increased 1.3 percentage points reflecting cost reduction actions and the impact of the divestiture, partially offset by deleverage on the lower volume. Conditions in served markets are expected to remain challenging in 2017, with the best opportunity for orders growth in the second half of the fiscal year.

2015 vs. 2014 - Industrial Automation sales were $2.4 billion in 2015, a decrease of $556 million or 19 percent. Underlying sales decreased 2 percent ($43 million) on lower volume, reflecting reduced industrial spending, particularly in energy-related and commodity markets. The power transmission solutions divestiture deducted 13 percent ($418 million) and foreign currency translation subtracted 4 percent ($95 million). Sales decreased in the electrical distribution and fluid automation businesses. Hermetic motors decreased moderately while the materials joining business was flat. Underlying sales decreased 4 percent in the U.S., while sales were up 1 percent in Europe and 5 percent in Asia. Sales decreased 2 percent in Latin America, 4 percent in Canada and 17 percent in Middle East/Africa. Earnings of $509 million were down $131 million and margin decreased 0.5 percentage points, due to the power transmission solutions divestiture, which negatively impacted the earnings comparison $67 million, unfavorable mix and higher restructuring costs of $9 million, partially offset by cost containment actions.
CLIMATE TECHNOLOGIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
14 vs. 15

 
15 vs. 16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
4,109

 
4,011

 
3,949

 
(2
)%
 
(2
)%
Earnings
$
737

 
698

 
769

 
(5
)%
 
10
 %
Margin
17.9
%
 
17.4
%
 
19.5
%
 
 
 
 

2016 vs. 2015 - Sales for Climate Technologies were $3.9 billion in 2016, a decrease of $62 million, or nearly 2 percent. Underlying sales decreased less than 1 percent ($18 million) on lower price, offset by slightly higher volume. Foreign currency translation deducted 1 percent ($49 million), while acquisitions added $5 million. Global

23



air conditioning sales were down while global refrigeration sales were up modestly, as the U.S. exhibited growth and Europe and China were down, with more significant declines in air conditioning. Sales of temperature controls, sensors and solutions decreased. Overall, underlying sales were up 1 percent in the U.S. and 2 percent in Europe, while Asia was down 5 percent. Latin America was down 1 percent and Middle East/Africa and Canada were both down 2 percent. Earnings of $769 million increased $71 million and margin increased 2.1 percentage points primarily due to savings from restructuring actions and materials cost containment, partially offset by lower price and higher customer accommodation costs. Sales growth in the low single-digits is expected for fiscal 2017, supported by a favorable outlook for global demand in air conditioning and refrigeration.

2015 vs. 2014 - Sales for Climate Technologies were $4.0 billion in 2015, a decrease of $98 million, or over 2 percent due to unfavorable foreign currency translation ($112 million). Underlying sales were up slightly ($14 million) as an increase in the global refrigeration business was essentially offset by a decrease in air conditioning. The temperature controls and sensors businesses were flat. Air conditioning sales in the U.S., Europe and China decreased while the rest of the world had strong growth. Global refrigeration was up modestly with growth in the U.S. and Asia and weakness in Europe. Overall, underlying sales were flat in the U.S., down 2 percent in Asia (China down 12 percent) and decreased 1 percent in Europe. Latin America was down 4 percent, Middle East/Africa was up 26 percent and Canada increased 13 percent. Earnings of $698 million decreased $39 million and margin declined 0.5 percentage points primarily due to unfavorable mix. Growth investments, and higher restructuring costs and unfavorable foreign currency transactions of $6 million each, were more than offset by cost reduction savings.
COMMERCIAL & RESIDENTIAL SOLUTIONS
 
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
14 vs. 15

 
15 vs. 16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
1,891

 
1,913

 
1,611

 
1
 %
 
(16
)%
Earnings
$
421

 
403

 
384

 
(4
)%
 
(5
)%
Margin
22.3
%
 
21.1
%
 
23.8
%
 
 
 
 

2016 vs. 2015 - Commercial & Residential Solutions sales were $1.6 billion in 2016, a decrease of $302 million or 16 percent. Underlying sales were essentially flat (down $3 million), foreign currency translation deducted 1 percent ($11 million) and the commercial storage divestiture deducted 15 percent ($288 million). Food waste disposers had solid sales growth and the wet/dry vacuums business was up modestly, while sales decreased moderately in the professional tools and storage businesses. Underlying sales were flat in both the U.S. and internationally. Earnings of $384 million were down $19 million as the divestiture subtracted $39 million. Cost reduction actions, materials cost containment and lower restructuring costs of $9 million partially offset the decrease. Margin improved 2.7 percentage points due to the divestiture and cost containment actions. The expectation for favorable U.S. construction markets supports the outlook for low single-digit growth in fiscal 2017.
 
2015 vs. 2014 - Commercial & Residential Solutions sales were $1.9 billion in 2015, an increase of $22 million or 1 percent. Underlying sales increased 2 percent ($50 million) on higher volume from favorable U.S. construction markets, while foreign currency translation deducted 1 percent ($28 million). The sales increase was led by strong growth in wet/dry vacuums and modest growth in food waste disposers. The professional tools and commercial storage businesses decreased. Underlying sales were up 3 percent in the U.S. and 1 percent internationally. Earnings of $403 million were down $18 million and margin declined 1.2 percentage points as higher volume and resulting leverage was more than offset by unfavorable mix, higher restructuring costs of $9 million, and investments in growth programs.



24



Financial Position, Capital Resources and Liquidity
The Company continues to generate substantial cash from operations and has the resources available to reinvest for growth in existing businesses, pursue strategic acquisitions and manage its capital structure on a short- and long-term basis.
CASH FLOW FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Cash Flow
$
2,999

 
2,040

 
2,499

     Percent of sales
16.9
%
 
12.6
%
 
17.2
%
Capital Expenditures
$
651

 
588

 
447

     Percent of sales
3.7
%
 
3.6
%
 
3.1
%
Free Cash Flow (Operating Cash Flow less Capital Expenditures)
$
2,348

 
1,452

 
2,052

     Percent of sales
13.2
%
 
8.9
%
 
14.1
%
Operating Working Capital
$
1,046

 
1,177

 
755

     Percent of sales
5.9
%
 
7.2
%
 
5.2
%

The Company generated total operating cash flow of $2.9 billion in 2016, which was reduced by payments of $179 million for separation costs related to the portfolio repositioning. Operating cash flow from continuing operations for 2016 was $2.5 billion, a $459 million, or 23 percent increase compared with 2015 as comparisons benefited from income taxes of $424 million paid in the prior year on the divestiture gains. Operating cash flow from continuing operations of $2.0 billion in 2015 was a 32 percent decrease compared to $3.0 billion in 2014 due to income taxes paid on the gains from divestitures in 2015, an increase in operating working capital, and lower earnings (excluding the divestiture gains). At September 30, 2016, operating working capital as a percent of sales improved to 5.2 percent, compared with 7.2 percent and 5.9 percent in 2015 and 2014, respectively. Total operating cash flow of $2.9 billion funded capital expenditures of $523 million including discontinued operations, repayments of long-term debt of $254 million, acquisitions of $132 million, dividends of $1,227 million and common stock purchases of $601 million in 2016. Contributions to pension plans were $66 million in 2016, $53 million in 2015 and $130 million in 2014.

Capital expenditures related to continuing operations were $447 million, $588 million and $651 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Free cash flow from continuing operations (operating cash flow less capital expenditures) was $2.1 billion in 2016, up 41 percent, reflecting higher operating cash flow and lower capital expenditures. Free cash flow was $1.5 billion in 2015, compared with $2.3 billion in 2014, reflecting higher operating cash flow in 2014. The Company is targeting capital spending of approximately $500 million in 2017. Net cash paid in connection with acquisitions was $132 million, $324 million and $610 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. In 2014, the Company also purchased the noncontrolling interest in Appleton Group for $574 million. Proceeds from divestitures were $1,812 million and $363 million in 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Dividends were $1,227 million ($1.90 per share) in 2016, compared with $1,269 million ($1.88 per share) in 2015 and $1,210 million ($1.72 per share) in 2014. In November 2016, the Board of Directors voted to increase the quarterly cash dividend 1 percent, to an annualized rate of $1.92 per share.

Purchases of Emerson common stock totaled $601 million, $2,487 million and $971 million in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, at average per share prices of $48.11, $57.68 and $65.54. The Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to 70 million common shares in November 2015, and 63.5 million shares remain available for purchase under this authorization. The Company purchased 12.5 million shares in 2016 under a combination of the November 2015 authorization and the remainder of the May 2013 authorization. A total of 43.1 million shares were purchased in 2015 and 14.8 million shares were purchased in 2014, both under the May 2013 authorization.

The sale of the network power systems business and power generation, motors and drives businesses will provide over $4 billion of cash, after tax, which the Company expects to use to fund the acquisition of Pentair's Valves & Controls business and potential future acquisitions.

25



LEVERAGE/CAPITALIZATION
 
 
 
 
 
(dollars in millions)
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Assets
$
24,177

 
22,088

 
21,743

Long-term Debt
$
3,559

 
4,289

 
4,062

Common Stockholders' Equity
$
10,119

 
8,081

 
7,568

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Debt-to-Total Capital Ratio
37.3
%
 
45.8
%
 
46.8
%
Net Debt-to-Net Capital Ratio
22.1
%
 
31.3
%
 
31.4
%
Operating Cash Flow-to-Debt Ratio
49.8
%
 
29.8
%
 
37.6
%
Interest Coverage Ratio
15.9X

 
20.2X

 
11.8X


Total debt, which includes long-term debt, current maturities of long-term debt, commercial paper and other short-term borrowings, was $6.6 billion, $6.8 billion and $6.0 billion for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. During the year, the Company repaid $250 million of 4.75% notes that matured in October 2015. In 2015, the Company issued $500 million of 2.625% notes due December 2021 and $500 million of 3.150% notes due June 2025, and repaid $250 million of 5.0% notes that matured in December 2014 and $250 million of 4.125% notes that matured in April 2015. In 2014, the Company repaid $250 million of 5.625% notes that matured in November 2013.
 
The total debt-to-capital ratio and the net debt-to-net capital ratio (less cash and short-term investments) increased in 2016 due to lower common stockholders' equity from share repurchases and changes in other comprehensive income. The total debt-to-capital ratio and the net debt-to-net capital ratio increased in 2015 primarily due to higher total debt from the issuance of long-term debt and lower common stockholders' equity. The operating cash flow from continuing operations-to-debt ratio increased in 2016 primarily due to taxes paid in the prior year on the divestiture gains and lower debt in the current year. The interest coverage ratio is computed as earnings from continuing operations before income taxes plus interest expense, divided by interest expense. The decrease in interest coverage in 2016 reflects lower pretax earnings, largely due to the divestiture gains of $1,039 million in 2015, and slightly higher interest expense. The increase in interest coverage in 2015 reflects higher pretax earnings (including the divestiture gains) and lower interest expense.

In April 2014, the Company entered into a $3.5 billion five-year revolving backup credit facility with various banks, which replaced the December 2010 $2.75 billion facility. The credit facility is maintained to support general corporate purposes, including commercial paper borrowing. The Company has not incurred any borrowings under this or previous facilities. The credit facility contains no financial covenants and is not subject to termination based on a change of credit rating or material adverse changes. The facility is unsecured and may be accessed under various interest rate and currency denomination alternatives at the Company's option. Fees to maintain the facility are immaterial. The Company also maintains a universal shelf registration statement on file with the SEC under which it can issue debt securities, preferred stock, common stock, warrants, share purchase contracts or share purchase units without a predetermined limit. Securities can be sold in one or more separate offerings with the size, price and terms to be determined at the time of sale.

Emerson's financial structure provides the flexibility necessary to achieve its strategic objectives. The Company has been successful in efficiently deploying cash where needed worldwide to fund operations, complete acquisitions and sustain long-term growth. At September 30, 2016, $2.9 billion of the Company's cash was held outside the U.S., primarily in Europe and Asia, and was generally available for repatriation to the U.S. Under current tax law, repatriated cash may be subject to U.S. federal income taxes, net of available foreign tax credits. The Company routinely repatriates a portion of its non-U.S. cash from earnings each year, or otherwise when it can be accomplished tax efficiently, and provides for U.S. income taxes as appropriate. The Company has been able to readily meet all its funding requirements and currently believes that sufficient funds will be available to meet the Company's needs in the foreseeable future through operating cash flow, existing resources, short- and long-term debt capacity or backup credit lines.


26



CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
At September 30, 2016, the Company's contractual obligations, including estimated payments, are as follows:
 
Amounts Due By Period
(dollars in millions)
Total

 
Less Than 1 Year

 
1 - 3
Years

 
3 - 5
Years

 
More Than
5 Years

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term Debt (including Interest)
$
5,785

 
442

 
1,253

 
994

 
3,096

Operating Leases
600

 
183

 
224

 
93

 
100

Purchase Obligations
681

 
548

 
98

 
17

 
18

     Total
$
7,066

 
1,173

 
1,575

 
1,104

 
3,214


Purchase obligations consist primarily of inventory purchases made in the normal course of business to meet operational requirements. Total purchase and operating lease obligations related to discontinued operations, which are not included in the table above, were $251 million and $193 million, respectively, at September 30, 2016. These obligations will be transferred to the buyers at closing. The table above does not include $1.7 billion of other noncurrent liabilities recorded in the balance sheet and summarized in Note 19, which consist primarily of pension and postretirement plan liabilities and deferred income taxes (including unrecognized tax benefits), because it is not certain when these amounts will become due. See Notes 11 and 12 for estimated future benefit payments and Note 14 for additional information on deferred income taxes.

FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company is exposed to market risk related to changes in interest rates, commodity prices and foreign currency exchange rates, and selectively uses derivative financial instruments, including forwards, swaps and purchased options to manage these risks. The Company does not hold derivatives for trading purposes. The value of derivatives and other financial instruments is subject to change as a result of market movements in rates and prices. Sensitivity analysis is one technique used to forecast the impact of these movements. Based on a hypothetical 10 percent increase in interest rates, a 10 percent decrease in commodity prices or a 10 percent weakening in the U.S. dollar across all currencies, the potential losses in future earnings, fair value or cash flows are not material. Sensitivity analysis has limitations; for example, a weaker U.S. dollar would benefit future earnings through favorable translation of non-U.S. operating results, and lower commodity prices would benefit future earnings through lower cost of sales. See Notes 1, and 8 through 10.

Critical Accounting Policies
Preparation of the Company's financial statements requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates regarding uncertainties that could affect reported revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities and equity. Note 1 describes the significant accounting policies used in preparation of the consolidated financial statements. The most significant areas where management judgments and estimates impact the primary financial statements are described below. Actual results in these areas could differ materially from management's estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

REVENUE RECOGNITION
The Company recognizes nearly all revenue through the sale of manufactured products and records the sale when products are shipped or delivered, title and risk of loss pass to the customer, and collection is reasonably assured. In certain limited circumstances, revenue is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method, as performance occurs, or in accordance with ASC 985-605 related to software. Sales arrangements sometimes involve delivering multiple elements, which requires management judgment that affects the amount and timing of revenue recognized. In these instances, the revenue assigned to each element is based on vendor-specific objective evidence, third-party evidence or a management estimate of the relative selling price. Revenue is recognized for delivered elements if they have value to the customer on a stand-alone basis and performance related to the undelivered items is probable and substantially in the Company's control, or the undelivered elements are inconsequential or perfunctory and there are no unsatisfied contingencies related to payment. The vast majority of deliverables are tangible products, with a smaller portion attributable to installation, service or maintenance. Management believes that all relevant criteria and conditions are considered when recognizing revenue.




27



INVENTORIES
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. The majority of inventory values are based on standard costs, which approximate average costs, while the remainder are principally valued on a first-in, first-out basis. Cost standards are revised at the beginning of each year. The annual effect of resetting standards plus any operating variances incurred during each period are allocated to inventories and recognized in cost of sales as product is sold. The Company's businesses review inventory for obsolescence, make appropriate provisions and dispose of obsolete inventory on a regular basis. Various factors are considered in these reviews, including sales history and recent trends, industry conditions and general economic conditions. If actual circumstances indicate a decline in any of these factors, particularly an abrupt change in economic conditions, the Company could incur higher levels of obsolescence expense.

LONG-LIVED ASSETS
Long-lived assets, which include property, plant and equipment, goodwill and identifiable intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate impairment may exist. If the Company determines that the carrying value of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable, a permanent impairment charge is recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the long-lived asset exceeds its estimated fair value. Reporting units are also reviewed for possible goodwill impairment at least annually, in the fourth quarter. If an initial assessment indicates it is more likely than not an impairment may exist, it is evaluated by comparing the unit's estimated fair value to its carrying value. Fair value is generally estimated using an income approach that discounts estimated future cash flows using discount rates judged by management to be commensurate with the applicable risk. Estimates of future sales, operating results, cash flows and discount rates are subject to changes in the economic environment, including such factors as the general level of market interest rates, expected equity market returns and the volatility of markets served, particularly when recessionary economic circumstances continue for an extended period of time. Management believes the estimates of future cash flows and fair values are reasonable; however, changes in estimates due to variance from assumptions could materially affect the evaluations.

RETIREMENT PLANS
The Company maintains a prudent long-term investment strategy for its pension assets, consistent with the duration of its pension obligations. The determination of defined benefit plan expense and liabilities is dependent on various assumptions, including the expected annual rate of return on plan assets, the discount rate and the rate of annual compensation increases. Management believes that the assumptions used are appropriate; however, actual experience may differ. In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, actual results that differ from the Company's assumptions are accumulated as deferred actuarial gains or losses and amortized to expense in future periods. The Company transitioned from defined benefit to defined contribution retirement plans in 2016. The principal U.S. defined benefit plan closed to employees hired after January 1, 2016 while shorter-tenured current employees ceased accruing benefits effective October 1, 2016. Affected employees transitioned to an enhanced defined contribution plan. See Notes 11 and 12.

As of September 30, 2016, the Company's U.S. pension plans were underfunded by $586 million and non-U.S. plans were underfunded by $411 million. The U.S. funded status includes unfunded plans totaling $216 million and the non-U.S. status includes unfunded plans totaling $237 million. The Company contributed a total of $66 million to defined benefit plans in 2016 and expects to contribute $40 million in 2017. At year-end 2016, the discount rate for U.S. plans was 3.50 percent, and was 4.35 percent in 2015. The assumed investment return on plan assets was 7.50 percent in 2016, 2015 and 2014, and is expected to be 7.25 percent for 2017. Deferred actuarial losses to be amortized to expense in future years were $1,916 million ($1,248 million after-tax) as of September 30, 2016.

INCOME TAXES
Income tax expense and tax assets and liabilities reflect management's assessment of taxes paid or expected to be paid (received) on items included in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities arise from temporary differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, and consideration of operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred income taxes are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The impact on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are provided to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that will more likely than not be realized. This requires management to make judgments and estimates regarding the amount and timing of the reversal of taxable temporary differences, expected future taxable income, and the impact of tax planning strategies.


28



Uncertainty exists regarding tax positions taken in previously filed tax returns which remain subject to examination, along with positions expected to be taken in future returns. The Company provides for unrecognized tax benefits, based on the technical merits, when it is more likely than not that an uncertain tax position will not be sustained upon examination. Adjustments are made to the uncertain tax positions when facts and circumstances change, such as the closing of a tax audit; changes in applicable tax laws, including tax case rulings and legislative guidance; or expiration of the applicable statute of limitations.

The Company also pays U.S. federal income taxes, net of available foreign tax credits, on cash repatriated from non-U.S. locations. No provision is made for U.S. income taxes on the undistributed earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries where these earnings are considered permanently invested or otherwise indefinitely retained for continuing international operations. Determination of the amount of taxes that might be paid on these undistributed earnings if eventually remitted is not practicable. See Notes 1 and 14.

Other Items

LEGAL MATTERS
At September 30, 2016, there were no known contingent liabilities (including guarantees, pending litigation, taxes and other claims) that management believes will be material in relation to the Company's financial statements, nor were there any material commitments outside the normal course of business.

NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In May 2014, the FASB amended ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, to update and consolidate revenue recognition guidance from multiple sources into a single, comprehensive standard to be applied for all contracts with customers. The fundamental principle of the revised standard is to recognize revenue based on the transfer of goods and services to customers at an amount that the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods and services. Also required are additional disclosures regarding the nature, extent, timing and uncertainty of revenues and associated cash flows. The new standard is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2019, with early adoption permitted in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The new rules may be adopted on either a prospective or retrospective basis. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the revised standard on its financial statements and determining its method of adoption. The Company has completed its initial evaluation and currently does not expect that the updates will materially impact its financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB amended ASC 842, Leases, to require recognition on the balance sheet of assets and liabilities related to the rights and obligations associated with all lease arrangements. Currently, obligations classified as operating leases are not recorded on the balance sheet but must be disclosed. The new standard is effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the revised standard on its financial statements. The Company expects the revised standard to have a material impact on its balance sheet due to the addition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to operating leases, but does not expect it will materially impact its results of operations.

In November 2015, the FASB issued updates to ASC 740, Income Taxes, requiring noncurrent presentation of all deferred tax assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. These updates are effective for the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, with early adoption permitted, and may be adopted on either a prospective or retrospective basis. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the revised standard on its financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB amended ASC 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, requiring all excess tax benefits and deficiencies related to share-based payments to be recognized in income tax expense rather than through additional paid-in-capital, and to be presented as operating cash flows instead of financing. These updates are effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, with early adoption permitted, and are not expected to materially impact the Company's financial statements.

In May 2015, the FASB issued updates to ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, requiring investments measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient to be removed from the fair value hierarchy and separately reported when making disclosures. The updates have no impact on operations and do not change the determination of fair value for any investments. These updates are effective for the Company in fiscal 2017 and must be adopted on a retrospective basis. Adoption will affect disclosure only; there will be no impact on the Company’s financial results.


29



FISCAL 2017 OUTLOOK

Fiscal 2017 will remain difficult, particularly for the automation businesses. Low growth economic conditions coupled with political uncertainty will continue to dampen both operational and capital spending across multiple end markets. Considering these factors, the Company expects net and underlying sales in the Automation Solutions business to be down 4 to 7 percent. The Commercial & Residential Solutions business is expected to have support from more favorable global HVAC and U.S. construction markets resulting in net and underlying sales growth of 2 to 4 percent. Consolidated net and underlying sales for 2017 are expected to decline 1 to 3 percent. Reported earnings per share from continuing operations are expected to be $2.35 to $2.50, compared with $2.45 in 2016. This outlook excludes the impact of the pending acquisition of Pentair’s Valves & Controls business. See Item 1 - “Business” for a description of the Company’s planned business realignment for fiscal 2017.
ITEM 7A - QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 

The information from this 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K set forth in Item 8 under "Financial Instruments" is hereby incorporated by reference.



30



ITEM 8 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Consolidated Statements of Earnings
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Years ended September 30
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
17,733

 
16,249

 
14,522

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
   Cost of sales
9,971

 
9,241

 
8,260

   Selling, general and administrative expenses
4,164

 
3,735

 
3,464

   Gains on divestitures of businesses

 
1,039

 

   Other deductions, net
211

 
330

 
294

   Interest expense, net of interest income of: 2014, $18; 2015, $23;
   2016, $27
196

 
175

 
188

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
3,191

 
3,807

 
2,316

Income taxes
953

 
1,267

 
697

Earnings from continuing operations
2,238

 
2,540

 
1,619

Discontinued operations, net of tax: 2014, $211; 2015, $161; 2016, $269
(54
)
 
193

 
45

Net earnings
2,184

 
2,733

 
1,664

Less: Noncontrolling interests in earnings of subsidiaries
37

 
23

 
29

Net earnings common stockholders
$
2,147

 
2,710

 
1,635

 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
   Earnings from continuing operations
$
2,201

 
2,517

 
1,590

   Discontinued operations, net of tax
(54
)
 
193

 
45

Net earnings common stockholders
$
2,147

 
2,710

 
1,635

 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
   Earnings from continuing operations
$
3.13

 
3.72

 
2.46

   Discontinued operations
(0.08
)
 
0.29

 
0.07

Basic earnings per common share
$
3.05

 
4.01

 
2.53

 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
   Earnings from continuing operations
$
3.11

 
3.71

 
2.45

   Discontinued operations
(0.08
)
 
0.28

 
0.07

Diluted earnings per common share
$
3.03

 
3.99

 
2.52

 
 
 
 
 
 







See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

31



Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Years ended September 30
(Dollars in millions)

 
 
2014

 
2015

 
2016

Net earnings
 
$
2,184

 
2,733

 
1,664

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation
 
(344
)
 
(794
)
 
(188
)
Pension and postretirement
 
(54
)
 
(206
)
 
(210
)
Cash flow hedges
 
1

 
(43
)
 
18

        Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(397
)
 
(1,043
)
 
(380
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
 
1,787

 
1,690

 
1,284

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Noncontrolling interests in comprehensive income of subsidiaries
 
34

 
22

 
31

Comprehensive income common stockholders
 
$
1,753

 
1,668

 
1,253







































See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

32



Consolidated Balance Sheets
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

September 30 (Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
2015

 
2016

ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
     Cash and equivalents
$
3,054

 
3,182

     Receivables, less allowances of $89 in 2015 and $92 in 2016
2,870

 
2,701

     Inventories
1,265

 
1,208

     Other current assets
724

 
669

     Current assets held-for-sale
2,136

 
2,200

          Total current assets
10,049

 
9,960

 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
2,929

 
2,931

 
 
 
 
Other assets
 

 
 
     Goodwill
3,847

 
3,909

     Other intangible assets
938

 
902

     Other
239

 
211

     Noncurrent assets held-for-sale
4,086

 
3,830

          Total other assets
9,110

 
8,852

Total assets
$
22,088

 
21,743

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 

 
 

     Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt
$
2,552

 
2,584

     Accounts payable
1,537

 
1,517

     Accrued expenses
2,058

 
2,126

     Income taxes
87

 
180

     Current liabilities held-for-sale
1,566

 
1,601

          Total current liabilities
7,800

 
8,008

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
4,289

 
4,062

 
 
 
 
Other liabilities
1,539

 
1,729

 
 
 
 
Noncurrent liabilities held-for-sale
332

 
326

 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

     Common stock, $0.50 par value; authorized, 1,200,000,000 shares; issued, 953,354,012 shares; outstanding, 654,608,521 shares in 2015; 642,796,490 shares in 2016
477

 
477

     Additional paid-in-capital
170

 
205

     Retained earnings
21,308

 
21,716

     Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(1,617
)
 
(1,999
)
 
20,338

 
20,399

     Less: Cost of common stock in treasury, 298,745,491 shares in 2015; 310,557,522 shares in 2016
12,257

 
12,831

Common stockholders’ equity
8,081

 
7,568

     Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
47

 
50

Total equity
8,128

 
7,618

Total liabilities and equity
$
22,088

 
21,743

 
 
 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
 

33



Consolidated Statements of Equity
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Years ended September 30
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
2014

 
2015

 
2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
$
477

 
477

 
477

 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional paid-in-capital
 
 
 
 
 
     Beginning balance
352

 
161

 
170

     Stock plans
160

 
31

 
35

     Purchase of noncontrolling interests
(351
)
 
(22
)
 

        Ending balance
161

 
170

 
205

 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
 
 
 
 
 
     Beginning balance
18,930

 
19,867

 
21,308

     Net earnings common stockholders
2,147

 
2,710

 
1,635

     Dividends paid (per share: 2014, $1.72; 2015, $1.88; 2016, $1.90)
(1,210
)
 
(1,269
)
 
(1,227
)
        Ending balance
19,867

 
21,308

 
21,716

 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
     Beginning balance
(189
)
 
(575
)
 
(1,617
)
     Foreign currency translation
(333
)
 
(793
)
 
(190
)
     Pension and postretirement
(54
)
 
(206
)
 
(210
)
     Cash flow hedges
1

 
(43
)
 
18

        Ending balance
(575
)
 
(1,617
)
 
(1,999
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Treasury stock
 
 
 
 
 
     Beginning balance
(8,985
)
 
(9,811
)
 
(12,257
)
     Purchases
(971
)
 
(2,487
)
 
(601
)
     Issued under stock plans
145

 
41

 
27

        Ending balance
(9,811
)
 
(12,257
)
 
(12,831
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stockholders' equity
10,119

 
8,081

 
7,568

 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
 
 
 
 
 
     Beginning balance
133

 
48

 
47

     Net earnings
37

 
23

 
29

     Other comprehensive income (loss)
(3
)
 
(1
)
 
2

     Dividends paid
(18
)
 
(23
)
 
(28
)
     Purchase of noncontrolling interests
(101
)
 

 

        Ending balance
48

 
47

 
50

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity
$
10,167

 
8,128

 
7,618

 
 
 
 
 
 










See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

34



Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES
Years ended September 30 (Dollars in millions)
 
2014

 
2015

 
2016

Operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
2,184

 
2,733

 
1,664

(Earnings) Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
54

 
(193
)
 
(45
)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
        Depreciation and amortization
569

 
573

 
568

        Changes in operating working capital
159

 
(181
)
 
93

        Pension funding
(130
)
 
(53
)
 
(66
)
        Gains on divestitures of businesses, after tax

 
(611
)
 

        Income taxes paid on divestiture gains

 
(424
)
 

        Other, net
163

 
196

 
285

            Cash from continuing operations
2,999

 
2,040

 
2,499

            Cash from discontinued operations
693

 
489

 
382

            Cash provided by operating activities
3,692

 
2,529

 
2,881

 
 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(651
)
 
(588
)
 
(447
)
Purchases of businesses, net of cash and equivalents acquired
(610
)
 
(324
)
 
(132
)
Divestitures of businesses
363

 
1,812

 

Other, net
(155
)
 
(221
)
 
30

    Cash from continuing operations
(1,053
)
 
679

 
(549
)
    Cash from discontinued operations
(106
)
 
(88
)
 
(77
)
    Cash provided by (used in) investing activities
(1,159
)
 
591

 
(626
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings
180

 
1,116

 
(34
)
Proceeds from short-term borrowings greater than three months
2,952

 
2,515

 
1,264

Payments of short-term borrowings greater than three months
(2,510
)
 
(3,286
)
 
(1,174
)
Proceeds from long-term debt
1

 
1,000

 

Payments of long-term debt
(329
)
 
(504
)
 
(254
)
Dividends paid
(1,210
)
 
(1,269
)
 
(1,227
)
Purchases of common stock
(1,048
)
 
(2,501
)
 
(601
)
Purchase of noncontrolling interests
(574
)
 

 

Other, net
(21
)
 
(19
)
 
(19
)
    Cash used in financing activities
(2,559
)
 
(2,948
)
 
(2,045
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents
(100
)
 
(267
)
 
(82
)
Increase (Decrease) in cash and equivalents
(126
)
 
(95
)
 
128

Beginning cash and equivalents
3,275

 
3,149

 
3,054

Ending cash and equivalents
$
3,149

 
3,054

 
3,182

 
 
 
 
 
 
Changes in operating working capital
 
 
 
 
 
Receivables
$
(163
)
 
241

 
162

Inventories
(103
)
 
(11
)
 
58

Other current assets
61

 
(140
)
 
(4
)
Accounts payable
232

 
(256
)
 
(22
)
Accrued expenses
85

 
(4
)
 
(57
)
Income taxes
47

 
(11
)
 
(44
)
Total changes in operating working capital
$
159

 
(181
)
 
93


See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

35



Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
EMERSON ELECTRIC CO. & SUBSIDIARIES

Years ended September 30
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts or where noted)

(1) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Financial Statement Presentation
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles
(U.S. GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.

In the first quarter of 2015, the Company adopted updates to ASC 205, Presentation of Financial Statements, and ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment, regarding the reporting of discontinued operations. These updates raised the threshold for reporting discontinued operations to a strategic business shift having a major effect on an entity's operations and financial results. The updates also added disclosures for disposals of business units qualifying for discontinued presentation, and for some dispositions that do not qualify as discontinued operations but are still considered individually significant components of the entity. The Company's previously announced strategic portfolio repositioning actions resulted in agreements to sell the network power systems business and the power generation, motors and drives businesses. The results of operations for these businesses have been reclassified into discontinued operations and the assets and liabilities are reflected as held-for-sale for all periods presented. See Note 4.

In the first quarter of 2014, the Company adopted revisions to ASC 220, Comprehensive Income, which require disclosure of reclassifications into earnings from accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) and other current period activity. There is no change to the items reported in AOCI or when those items should be reclassified into earnings. The revisions did not materially impact the Company’s financial statements.

Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its controlled affiliates. Intercompany transactions, profits and balances are eliminated in consolidation. Investments of 20 percent to 50 percent of the voting shares of other entities are accounted for by the equity method. Investments in publicly traded companies of less than 20 percent are carried at fair value, with changes in fair value reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income. Investments in nonpublicly traded companies of less than 20 percent are carried at cost.

Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency for most of the Company's non-U.S. subsidiaries is the local currency. Adjustments resulting from translating local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income.

Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. The majority of inventory is valued based on standard costs that approximate average costs, while the remainder is principally valued on a first-in, first-out basis. Cost standards are revised at the beginning of each fiscal year. The annual effect of resetting standards plus any operating variances incurred during each period are allocated to inventories and recognized in cost of sales as product is sold. Following are the components of inventory as of September 30:
 
 
2015

 
2016

Finished products
 
$
418

 
382

Raw materials and work in process
 
847

 
826

    Total inventories
 
$
1,265

 
1,208




36



Fair Value Measurement
ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, establishes a formal hierarchy and framework for measuring certain financial statement items at fair value, and requires disclosures about fair value measurements and the reliability of valuation inputs. Under ASC 820, measurement assumes the transaction to sell an asset or transfer a liability occurs in the principal or at least the most advantageous market for that asset or liability. Within the hierarchy, Level 1 instruments use observable market prices for an identical item in active markets and have the most reliable valuations. Level 2 instruments are valued through broker/dealer quotation or other approaches using market-observable inputs for similar items in active markets, including forward and spot prices, interest rates and volatilities. Level 3 instruments are valued using inputs not observable in an active market, such as company-developed future cash flow estimates, and are considered the least reliable. Valuations for all of the Company's financial instruments fall within Level 2. The fair value of the Company's long-term debt is Level 2, estimated using current interest rates and pricing from financial institutions and other market sources for debt with similar maturities and characteristics.

Property, Plant And Equipment
The Company records investments in land, buildings, and machinery and equipment at cost. Depreciation is computed principally using the straight-line method over estimated service lives, which for principal assets are 30 to 40 years for buildings and 8 to 12 years for machinery and equipment. Long-lived tangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. Impairment losses are recognized based on estimated fair values if the sum of estimated future undiscounted cash flows of the related assets is less than the carrying values. The components of property, plant and equipment as of September 30 follow:
 
 
2015

 
2016

Land
 
$
190

 
210

Buildings
 
1,762

 
1,867

Machinery and equipment
 
4,774

 
4,932

Construction in progress
 
379

 
318

    Property, plant and equipment, at cost
 
7,105

 
7,327

Less: Accumulated depreciation
 
4,176

 
4,396

    Property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
2,929

 
2,931


Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method and recorded at their respective fair values. Substantially all goodwill is assigned to the reporting unit that acquires a business. A reporting unit is an operating segment as defined in ASC 280, Segment Reporting, or a business one level below an operating segment if discrete financial information for that business unit is prepared and regularly reviewed by the segment manager. The Company conducts annual impairment tests of goodwill in the fourth quarter. If an initial assessment indicates it is more likely than not goodwill might be impaired, it is evaluated by comparing the reporting unit's estimated fair value to its carrying value. Goodwill is also tested for impairment between annual tests if events or circumstances indicate the fair value of a unit may be less than its carrying value. If the carrying amount exceeds the estimated fair value, impairment is recognized to the extent that recorded goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill. Estimated fair values of reporting units are Level 3 measures and are developed generally under an income approach that discounts estimated future cash flows using risk-adjusted interest rates.

All of the Company's identifiable intangible assets are subject to amortization on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Identifiable intangibles consist of intellectual property such as patents and trademarks, customer relationships and capitalized software. Identifiable intangibles are also subject to evaluation for potential impairment if events or circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. See Note 7.

Product Warranty
Warranties vary by product line and are competitive for the markets in which the Company operates. Warranties generally extend for a period of one to two years from the date of sale or installation. Provisions for warranty are determined primarily based on historical warranty cost as a percentage of sales or a fixed amount per unit sold based on failure rates, adjusted for specific problems that may arise. Product warranty expense is less than 1 percent of sales.

37



Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes nearly all of its revenues through the sale of manufactured products and records the sale when products are shipped or delivered, title and risk of loss pass to the customer, and collection is reasonably assured. In certain limited circumstances, revenue is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method as performance occurs, or in accordance with ASC 985-605 related to software. Management believes that all relevant criteria and conditions are considered when recognizing revenue.

Sales arrangements sometimes involve delivering multiple elements. In these instances, the revenue assigned to each element is based on vendor-specific objective evidence, third-party evidence or a management estimate of the relative selling price. Revenue is recognized individually for delivered elements if they have value to the customer on a stand-alone basis and the performance of the undelivered items is probable and substantially in the Company's control, or the undelivered elements are inconsequential or perfunctory and there are no unsatisfied contingencies related to payment. Approximately 5 percent of the Company's revenues from continuing operations arise from qualifying sales arrangements that include the delivery of multiple elements, principally in the Process Management segment. The vast majority of these deliverables are tangible products, with a smaller portion attributable to installation, service or maintenance. Generally, contract duration is short term, and cancellation, termination or refund provisions apply only in the event of contract breach and have historically not been invoked.

Derivatives and Hedging
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices due to its worldwide presence and diverse business profile. The Company's foreign currency exposures relate to transactions denominated in currencies that differ from the functional currencies of its business units, primarily in euros, Mexican pesos, Singapore dollars and Indian rupees. Primary commodity exposures are price fluctuations on forecasted purchases of copper and aluminum and related products. As part of the Company's risk management strategy, derivative instruments are selectively used in an effort to minimize the impact of these exposures. Foreign exchange forwards and options are utilized to hedge foreign currency exposures impacting sales or cost of sales transactions, firm commitments and the fair value of assets and liabilities, while swap and option contracts may be used to minimize the effect of commodity price fluctuations on the cost of sales. All derivatives are associated with specific underlying exposures and the Company does not hold derivatives for trading or speculative purposes. The duration of hedge positions is generally two years or less.

All derivatives are accounted for under ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and recognized at fair value. For derivatives hedging variability in future cash flows, the effective portion of any gain or loss is deferred in stockholders' equity and recognized when the underlying hedged transaction impacts earnings. The majority of the Company's derivatives that are designated as hedges and qualify for deferral accounting are cash flow hedges. For derivatives hedging the fair value of existing assets or liabilities, both the gain or loss on the derivative and the offsetting loss or gain on the hedged item are recognized in earnings each period. Currency fluctuations on non-U.S. dollar obligations that have been designated as hedges of non-U.S. dollar net asset exposures are reported in equity. To the extent that any hedge is not fully effective at offsetting changes in the underlying hedged item, there could be a net earnings impact. The Company also uses derivatives to hedge economic exposures that do not receive deferral accounting under ASC 815. The underlying exposures for these hedges relate primarily to purchases of commodity-based components used in the Company's manufacturing processes, and the revaluation of certain foreign-currency-denominated assets and liabilities. Gains or losses from the ineffective portion of any hedge, as well as any gains or losses on derivative instruments not designated as hedges, are recognized in the income statement immediately.

Counterparties to derivative arrangements are companies with high credit ratings, and the Company has bilateral collateral arrangements with them for which credit rating-based posting thresholds vary depending on the arrangement. If credit ratings on the Company's debt fall below preestablished levels, counterparties can require immediate full collateralization on all instruments in net liability positions. No collateral was posted with counterparties and none was held by the Company at year end. If contractual thresholds had been exceeded, the maximum collateral the Company could have been required to post was $47. The Company can also demand full collateralization of instruments in net asset positions should any of the Company's counterparties' credit ratings fall below certain thresholds. Risk from credit loss when derivatives are in asset positions is not considered material. The Company has master netting arrangements in place with its counterparties that allow the offsetting of certain derivative-related amounts receivable and payable when settlement occurs in the same period. Accordingly, counterparty balances are netted in the consolidated balance sheet and are reported in other current assets or accrued expenses as appropriate, depending on positions with counterparties as of the balance sheet date. See Note 8.

38




Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes is based on pretax income reported in the consolidated statements of earnings and tax rates currently enacted in each jurisdiction. Certain income and expense items are recognized in different time periods for financial reporting and income tax filing purposes, and deferred income taxes are provided for the effect of temporary differences. The Company also provides for U.S. federal income taxes, net of available foreign tax credits, on earnings intended to be repatriated from non-U.S. locations. No provision has been made for U.S. income taxes on approximately $5.2 billion of undistributed earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries as of September 30, 2016, as these earnings are considered permanently invested or otherwise indefinitely retained for continuing international operations. Recognition of U.S. taxes on undistributed non-U.S. earnings would be triggered by a management decision to repatriate those earnings. Determination of the amount of taxes that might be paid on these undistributed earnings if eventually remitted is not practicable. See Note 14.

(2) WEIGHTED-AVERAGE COMMON SHARES

Basic earnings per common share consider only the weighted-average of common shares outstanding while diluted earnings per common share also consider the dilutive effects of stock options and incentive shares. Options to purchase approximately 13.3 million, 5.9 million and 4.6 million shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share in 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, as the effect would have been antidilutive. Earnings allocated to participating securities were inconsequential for all years presented. Reconciliations of weighted-average shares for basic and diluted earnings per common share follow (shares in millions):

2014

 
2015

 
2016

Basic shares outstanding
700.2

 
673.3

 
644.0

Dilutive shares
3.9

 
3.2

 
2.8

     Diluted shares outstanding
704.1

 
676.5

 
646.8


(3) ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES

The Company acquired six businesses in 2016, four in Process Management's final control and measurement devices businesses and two in Climate Technologies. Total cash paid for these businesses was $132, net of cash acquired. Annualized sales for these businesses were approximately $51 in 2016. The Company recognized goodwill of $83 ($27 of which is expected to be tax deductible) and other identifiable intangible assets of $50, primarily customer relationships and intellectual property with a weighted-average life of approximately 9 years. Valuations of certain acquired assets and liabilities are in-process and subject to refinement. These acquisitions complement the existing segment portfolios and create incremental growth opportunities.

In the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase Pentair's Valves & Controls business for $3.15 billion, subject to certain post-closing adjustments. This business, with sales of approximately $1.6 billion, is a manufacturer of control, isolation and pressure relief valves and actuators, and complements the Process Management segment's final control business. The transaction is expected to close by the end of calendar year 2016 or shortly thereafter, subject to customary closing conditions and various regulatory approvals.

The Company completed eight acquisitions in 2015, seven in Process Management and one in Commercial & Residential Solutions, which had combined annualized sales of approximately $115. Total cash paid for all businesses was $324, net of cash acquired. The Company recognized goodwill of $178 ($42 of which is expected to be tax deductible) and other intangible assets of $128, primarily customer relationships and intellectual property with a weighted-average life of approximately 10 years.
 
In January 2015, the Company completed the sale of its mechanical power transmission solutions business to Regal Beloit Corporation for $1.4 billion, and recognized a pretax gain from the transaction of $939 ($532 after-tax, $0.78 per share). Assets and liabilities sold were as follows: current assets, $182 (accounts receivable, inventories, other current assets); other assets, $374 (property, plant and equipment, goodwill, other noncurrent assets); accrued expenses, $56 (accounts payable, other current liabilities); and other liabilities, $41. Proceeds from the divestiture were used for share repurchase. This business was previously reported in the Industrial Automation segment, and had partial year sales in 2015 of $189 and related pretax earnings of $21. Power transmission

39



solutions designs and manufactures market-leading couplings, bearings, conveying components and gearing and drive components, and provides supporting services and solutions.

On September 30, 2015, the Company sold its InterMetro commercial storage business to Ali Group of Italy for $411 in cash and recognized a pretax gain from the transaction of $100 ($79 after-tax, $0.12 per share). This business had annual sales of $288 and pretax earnings of $42 in 2015 and was reported in the Commercial & Residential Solutions segment. Assets and liabilities sold were as follows: current assets, $62 (accounts receivable, inventories, other current assets); other assets, $292 (property, plant and equipment, goodwill, other noncurrent assets); current liabilities, $34 (accounts payable, other current liabilities); and other liabilities, $9. InterMetro is a leading manufacturer and supplier of storage and transport products in the food service, commercial products and health care industries.

In the first quarter of 2014, the Company acquired 100 percent of Virgo Valves and Controls Limited and Enardo Holdings, both in the Process Management final control business. Virgo is a manufacturer of engineered valves and automation systems and Enardo is a manufacturer of tank and terminal safety equipment. Total cash paid for both businesses was approximately $506, net of cash acquired, and the Company also assumed $76 of debt. Combined sales for Virgo and Enardo in 2014 were $321. Goodwill of $323 (largely nondeductible) and identifiable intangible assets of $178, primarily customer relationships and patents and technology with weighted-average lives of approximately 12 years, were recognized from these transactions. The Company also acquired four other smaller businesses in 2014 for a total of approximately $104, net of cash acquired. Combined annual sales for these four businesses were approximately $55. These acquisitions were complementary to the existing business portfolio.

In the second quarter of 2014, the Company acquired the remaining 44.5 percent noncontrolling interest in Appleton Group (formally EGS Electrical Group), which is reported in Industrial Automation, for $574. Full ownership provides growth opportunities in the oil and gas and chemicals end markets by leveraging the Company's Process Management and international distribution channels. The transaction reduced noncontrolling interests $101 and common stockholders' equity $343, and increased deferred tax assets $130. The transaction did not affect consolidated results of operations other than eliminating the noncontrolling interest's share of future earnings and distributions from this business. Sales for this electrical distribution business were $542 in 2014.

In November 2013, the Company completed the divestiture of a 51 percent controlling interest in Artesyn and received proceeds of $264, net of working capital adjustments. The Company retained an interest with a fair value of approximately $60, determined using a Level 3 option pricing model. A tax benefit of $20 was recognized on completion of the transaction. Consolidated operating results for 2014 include sales of $146 and a net loss of $9 for this business through the closing date. As the Company retained a noncontrolling interest in this business, it was not classified as discontinued operations. Assets and liabilities held-for-sale at the closing date were: other current assets, $367 (accounts receivable, inventories, other current assets); other assets, $212 (property plant and equipment, goodwill, other noncurrent assets); and accrued expenses, $255 (accounts payable and other liabilities). Prior to the divestiture, cash of $376 ($308, after tax provided for in fiscal 2013) was repatriated from this business. In fiscal 2013, the Company initiated the purchase of $600 of Emerson common stock in anticipation of the sale proceeds and the cash repatriation. The purchase of shares was completed in the first quarter of 2014.

In the fourth quarter of 2014, the Company sold its connectivity solutions business for $99 in cash, and recognized a slight gain. This business reported 2014 sales of $63 and pretax earnings of $3. Connectivity solutions offered industry-leading fiber optic, radio-frequency and microwave-coaxial technologies that safeguard network reliability.

The results of operations of the acquired businesses discussed above have been included in the Company's consolidated results of operations since the respective dates of acquisition.

(4) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

The Company previously announced strategic actions to streamline its portfolio, drive growth and accelerate value creation for shareholders. These plans consisted of divesting its network power systems business through a spinoff to shareholders or sale, and also exploring strategic alternatives, including potential sale, of its power generation, motors and drives businesses. As of July 29, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its network power systems business for $4.0 billion in cash, subject to certain post-closing adjustments, and will retain a subordinated interest in distributions, contingent upon the equity holders first receiving a threshold return on their initial investment. This business comprised the former Network Power segment and provides mission-critical infrastructure products and solutions and life cycle management services for vital applications in data centers,

40



communication networks, and commercial/industrial environments. Also, on July 30, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its power generation, motors and drives businesses for a value of $1.2 billion, representing cash plus assumption of certain postretirement liabilities by the buyer, subject to post-closing adjustments. These businesses were previously reported in the Industrial Automation segment, and provide low, medium and high voltage alternators and other power generation equipment and commercial and industrial motors and drives, which are used in a wide variety of manufacturing and industrial applications. Both transactions are expected to close by the end of calendar year 2016 or shortly thereafter, subject to customary closing conditions and regulatory approvals. The results of operations for these businesses have been reclassified into discontinued operations and the assets and liabilities are reflected as held-for-sale for all periods presented.
        
The financial results of the network power systems business and the power generation, motors and drives businesses reported as discontinued operations for the years ending September 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014, were as follows:    
 
 
Network Power Systems
 
Power Generation, Motors and Drives
 
Total
 
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
Net sales
 
$
4,868

 
4,426

 
4,378

 
1,974

 
1,668

 
1,368

 
6,842

 
6,094

 
5,746

Cost of sales
 
3,012

 
2,810

 
2,708

 
1,434

 
1,244

 
1,033

 
4,446

 
4,054

 
3,741

SG&A
 
1,205

 
1,143

 
1,101

 
346

 
306

 
269

 
1,551

 
1,449

 
1,370

Other deductions, net
 
668

 
222

 
172

 
20

 
15

 
149

 
688

 
237

 
321

Earnings (Loss) before income taxes
 
(17
)
 
251

 
397

 
174

 
103

 
(83
)
 
157

 
354

 
314

Income taxes
 
163

 
134

 
218

 
48

 
27

 
51

 
211

 
161

 
269

Earnings (Loss), net of tax
 
$
(180
)
 
117

 
179

 
126

 
76

 
(134
)
 
(54
)
 
193

 
45


Net earnings from discontinued operations include separation costs to execute the portfolio repositioning of $220 and $52 for 2016 and 2015, respectively. These costs include income tax expense of $143 in 2016 and $42 in 2015 for repatriation of cash from these businesses, reorganization of their legal structures prior to sale, and basis differences for book and tax. Separation costs also include legal, consulting, investment banking and other expenses of $77 and $10 for 2016 and 2015, respectively. In addition, net earnings for 2016 include a loss of $103 to write down the power generation, motors and drives businesses to the sales price less costs to sell, and lower expense of $24 due to ceasing depreciation and amortization for the discontinued businesses held-for-sale. Earnings for 2014 include a noncash goodwill impairment charge of $508 related to the network power systems business in Europe, which had been unable to meet its operating objectives due to a weak Western Europe economy and had an uncertain outlook.
    
Upon completion of the transactions, the Company preliminarily expects to recognize a pretax gain of approximately $500 and to break even after-tax, subject to finalization of several matters including separation costs to complete the transactions. In addition, the Company may incur U.S. tax costs of approximately $200 for repatriation of estimated sales proceeds of $1.5 billion expected to be received offshore in connection with the transactions. The Company's decision whether to repatriate these proceeds will be determined in connection with funding needs for the acquisition of Pentair's Valves & Controls non-U.S. operations.

41



The aggregate carrying amounts of the major classes of assets and liabilities classified as held-for-sale as of September 30, 2016 and 2015 are summarized as follows:


Network Power Systems

Power Generation,
Motors and Drives

Total


2015

2016

2015

2016

2015

2016
Assets












   Receivables, less allowances

$
1,121


1,202


328


290


1,449


1,492

   Inventories
 
386

 
381

 
196

 
197

 
582

 
578

   Other current assets
 
90

 
108

 
15

 
22

 
105

 
130

   Property plant & equipment, net
 
362

 
352

 
294

 
259

 
656

 
611

   Goodwill
 
2,144

 
2,111

 
662

 
580

 
2,806

 
2,691

   Other noncurrent assets
 
557

 
473

 
67

 
55

 
624

 
528

Total assets held-for-sale
 
$
4,660