10-K 1 form10-k_2007.htm GENETECH, INC. FORM 10-K FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 12/31/2007 form10-k_2007.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
____________________

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)
þ
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007
or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                  

Commission file number: 1-9813

GENENTECH, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

A Delaware Corporation
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
94-2347624
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California
(Address of principal executive offices)
94080
(Zip Code)

(650) 225-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.02 par value
New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
               None              
(Title of class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. þ 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of Act). Yes o No þ

The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2007 was $35,196,069,756.(A)  All executive officers and directors of the registrant and Roche Holdings, Inc. have been deemed, solely for the purpose of the foregoing calculation, to be “affiliates” of the registrant.

Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of February 12, 2008:  1,053,124,320

Documents incorporated by reference:
Portions of the Definitive Proxy Statement with respect to the 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed by Genentech, Inc. with the Securities and Exchange Commission (hereinafter referred to as “Proxy Statement”)
Part III
________________________
(A)
Excludes 587,250,021 shares of Common Stock held by directors and executive officers of Genentech and Roche Holdings, Inc.





 
 

 


GENENTECH, INC.

2007 Form 10-K Annual Report

Table of Contents
 
 
Page  
Item 1
1
Item 1A
11
Item 1B
24
Item 2
24
Item 3
25
Item 4
27
28
 
Item 5
30
Item 6
32
Item 7
33
Item 7A
64
Item 8
67
Item 9
107
Item 9A
107
Item 9B
109
 
Item 10
110
Item 11
110
Item 12
110
Item 13
110
Item 14
110
 
Item 15
111
115
 
In this report, “Genentech,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Genentech, Inc. “Common Stock” refers to Genentech’s Common Stock, par value $0.02 per share, “Special Common Stock” refers to Genentech’s callable putable common stock, par value $0.02 per share, all of which was redeemed by Roche Holdings, Inc. (RHI) on June 30, 1999.

We own or have rights to various copyrights, trademarks, and trade names used in our business, including the following: Activase® (alteplase, recombinant) tissue-plasminogen activator; Avastin® (bevacizumab) anti-VEGF antibody; Cathflo® Activase® (alteplase for catheter clearance); Genentech®, Herceptin® (trastuzumab) anti-HER2 antibody; Lucentis® (ranibizumab) anti-VEGF antibody fragment; Nutropin® (somatropin [rDNA origin] for injection) growth hormone; Nutropin AQ® and Nutropin AQ Pen® (somatropin [rDNA origin] for injection) liquid formulation growth hormone; Pulmozyme® (dornase alfa, recombinant) inhalation solution; Raptiva® (efalizumab) anti-CD11a antibody; and TNKase® (tenecteplase) single-bolus thrombolytic agent. Rituxan® (rituximab) anti-CD20 antibody is a registered trademark of Biogen Idec Inc.; Tarceva® (erlotinib) is a registered trademark of OSI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; and Xolair® (omalizumab) anti-IgE antibody is a registered trademark of Novartis AG. This report also includes other trademarks, service marks, and trade names of other companies.

 
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Item 1.

Overview

Genentech is a leading biotechnology company that discovers, develops, manufactures, and commercializes pharmaceutical products to treat patients with significant unmet medical needs. A number of the currently approved biotechnology products originated from or are based on Genentech science. We commercialize multiple biotechnology products and also receive royalties from companies that are licensed to market products based on our technology. See “Marketed Products” and “Licensed Products” below. Genentech was organized in 1976 as a California corporation and was reincorporated in Delaware in 1987.

Marketed Products

We commercialize the pharmaceutical products listed below in the United States (U.S.):

Avastin (bevacizumab) is an anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) humanized antibody approved for use in combination with intravenous 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy as a treatment for patients with first- or second-line metastatic cancer of the colon or rectum. It is also approved for use in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). On February 22, 2008, we received accelerated approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market Avastin in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy for the treatment of patients who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer (BC).

Rituxan (rituximab) is an anti-CD20 antibody that we commercialize with Biogen Idec Inc. It is approved for first-line treatment of patients with follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) in combination with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (CVP) chemotherapy regimens or following CVP chemotherapy in patients with stable disease or who achieve a partial or complete response following first-line treatment with CVP chemotherapy. Rituxan is also approved for treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular, CD20-positive, B-cell NHL, including retreatment and bulky diseases. Rituxan is indicated for first-line treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell, CD20-positive, NHL in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) or other anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Rituxan is also indicated for use in combination with methotrexate to reduce signs and symptoms and to slow the progression of structural damage in adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response to one or more tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist therapies.

Herceptin (trastuzumab) is a humanized anti-HER2 antibody approved for treatment of patients with node-positive or node-negative BC as part of an adjuvant treatment regimen containing doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel (for patients who have tumors that overexpress the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein). It is also approved for use as a first-line therapy in combination with paclitaxel and as a single agent in second- and third-line therapy for patients with HER2-positive metastatic BC.

Lucentis (ranibizumab) is an anti-VEGF antibody fragment approved for the treatment of neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Xolair (omalizumab) is a humanized anti-IgE antibody, which we commercialize with Novartis Pharma AG (a wholly owned subsidiary of Novartis AG; Novartis Pharma AG and affiliates are collectively referred to herein as Novartis). Xolair is approved for adults and adolescents (age 12 or older) with moderate to severe persistent asthma who have a positive skin test or in vitro reactivity to a perennial aeroallergen and whose symptoms are inadequately controlled with inhaled corticosteroids.

 
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Tarceva (erlotinib), which we commercialize with OSI Pharmaceuticals, Inc., is a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the HER1/epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway. Tarceva is approved for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC after failure of at least one prior chemotherapy regimen. It is also approved, in combination with gemcitabine chemotherapy, for the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Nutropin (somatropin [rDNA origin] for injection) and Nutropin AQ are growth hormone products approved for the treatment of growth hormone deficiency in children and adults, growth failure associated with chronic renal insufficiency prior to kidney transplantation, short stature associated with Turner syndrome, and long-term treatment of idiopathic short stature.

Activase (alteplase, recombinant) is a tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) approved for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), acute ischemic stroke (blood clots in the brain) within three hours of the onset of symptoms, and acute massive pulmonary embolism (blood clots in the lungs).

TNKase (tenecteplase) is a modified form of t-PA approved for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (heart attack).

Cathflo Activase (alteplase, recombinant) is a t-PA approved in adult and pediatric patients for the restoration of function to central venous access devices that have become occluded due to a blood clot.

Pulmozyme (dornase alfa, recombinant) is an inhalation solution of deoxyribonuclease I, approved for the treatment of cystic fibrosis.

Raptiva (efalizumab) is a humanized anti-CD11a antibody approved for the treatment of chronic moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis in adults age 18 or older who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy.

See “Total Product Sales” under “Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K for a discussion of the sales of each of our products in the last three years, including those that accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated revenue.


 
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Licensed Products

Royalty Revenue

We receive royalty revenue under license agreements with companies that sell and/or manufacture products based on technology developed by us or intellectual property to which we have rights. These licensed products are sometimes sold under different trademarks or trade names. Significant licensed products, including all related party licenses with Roche Holding AG and affiliates (Roche), representing approximately 89% of our royalty revenue in 2007, are presented in the following table:

Product
Trade Name
Licensee
Licensed Territory
Trastuzumab
 
Herceptin
 
Roche
 
Worldwide excluding U.S.
 
Rituximab
 
Rituxan/MabThera®
 
Roche
 
Worldwide excluding U.S. and Japan
 
Bevacizumab
 
Avastin
 
Roche
 
Worldwide excluding U.S.
 
Dornase alfa, recombinant
 
Pulmozyme
 
Roche
 
Worldwide excluding U.S.
 
Alteplase and Tenecteplase
 
Activase and TNKase
 
Roche
 
Canada
 
Somatropin
 
Nutropin
 
Roche
 
Canada
 
Daclizumab
 
Zenapax®
 
Roche
 
Worldwide excluding U.S.
 
Ranibizumab
 
Lucentis
 
Novartis
 
Worldwide excluding U.S.
 
Etanercept
 
Enbrel®
 
Immunex Corporation (whose rights were acquired by Amgen Inc.)
 
Worldwide
 
Adalimumab
 
Humira®
 
Abbott Laboratories
 
Worldwide
 
Infliximab
 
Remicade®
 
Celltech Pharmaceuticals plc (which transferred rights to Centocor, Inc. / Johnson & Johnson)
 
Worldwide
 

See Item 3, “Legal Proceedings,” below for information regarding certain patent litigation matters, including recent notification from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office regarding the Cabilly reexamination.

Other Revenue

We have granted a license to Zenyaku Kogyo Co., Ltd. (Zenyaku), a Japanese pharmaceutical company, for the manufacture, use, and sale of rituximab in Japan. Zenyaku co-promotes rituximab in Japan with Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., a Japanese affiliate of Roche, under the trademark Rituxan. The revenue earned from our sales of rituximab to Zenyaku is included in product sales.


 
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Products in Development

Our product development efforts, including those of our collaborators, cover a wide range of medical conditions, including cancer and immune diseases. Below is a summary of products and current stages of development. For additional information on our development pipeline, visit our website at www.gene.com.

Product
Description
Awaiting FDA Action
 
 
Herceptin
 
Supplemental Biologic License Applications (sBLAs) were submitted to the FDA on June 28 and 29, 2007 for the use of Herceptin for the treatment of patients with early-stage HER2-positive BC based on the BCIRG 006 study to enable a broader label. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche. The FDA action dates for the June 28 and June 29 submissions are April 28 and May 4, 2008, respectively.
 
Preparing for Filing
 
 
Avastin
 
We are preparing to submit an sBLA to the FDA for the use of Avastin in combination with interferon alpha-2a for the treatment of patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche. We expect to submit an sBLA to the FDA in 2008.
 
Avastin
 
We are in preliminary discussions with the FDA regarding the submission requirements for a potential sBLA for the use of Avastin in combination with CPT-11 or as a single agent in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (a form of brain cancer) who have progressed following prior therapy.
 
Phase III
 
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20 is being evaluated in rheumatoid arthritis. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec(1).
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20 is being evaluated for systematic lupus erythematosus. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec(1).
 
Avastin
 
Avastin is being evaluated in adjuvant colon cancer, second-line metastatic colon cancer for patients who have progressed following first-line treatment of Avastin plus chemotherapy, adjuvant HER2-negative BC, adjuvant lung cancer, first-line HER2-negative and second-line HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer in combination with several chemotherapy regimens, first-line non-squamous NSCLC, first-line and platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer, and hormone refractory prostate cancer. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Herceptin +/- Avastin
 
Avastin is being evaluated in first-line metastatic HER2-positive BC. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Avastin +/- Tarceva
 
Avastin and Tarceva are being evaluated as combination therapy in first-line NSCLC in combination with several chemotherapy regimens. Tarceva is being developed in collaboration with OSI and Roche. Avastin is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Herceptin
 
Herceptin is being evaluated for the treatment of patients with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer to compare one year duration of treatment with two years duration of treatment. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 

 
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Herceptin +/- Pertuzumab
 
Pertuzumab is being evaluated in first-line HER2-positve metastatic BC in combination with Herceptin and chemotherapy. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Rituxan
 
Rituxan is being evaluated in follicular NHL patients who achieve a response following induction with chemotherapy plus Rituxan and in patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec.
 
Rituxan
 
Rituxan is being evaluated in rheumatoid arthritis (DMARD inadequate responders) in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec. Rituxan is also being evaluated in primary progressive multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus nephritis, and ANCA-associated vasculitis in collaboration with Biogen Idec.
 
Tarceva
 
Tarceva is being evaluated in adjuvant NSCLC and first-line NSCLC. This product is being developed in collaboration with OSI.
 
Tarceva +/- Avastin
 
Tarceva and Avastin are being evaluated as combination therapy in second-line NSCLC. Tarceva is being developed in collaboration with OSI and Roche. Avastin is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
TNKase
 
TNKase is being evaluated in the treatment of dysfunctional hemodialysis and central venous access catheters.
 
Xolair
 
Xolair is being evaluated in pediatric asthma. A liquid formulation of Xolair is also being evaluated for adult asthma. Xolair is being developed in collaboration with Novartis.
 
Lucentis
 
Lucentis is being evaluated in the treatment of diabetic macular edema in collaboration with Novartis Ophthalmics. Lucentis is also being evaluated in the treatment of retinal vein occlusion.
 
Preparing for Phase III
 
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20
 
We are preparing Phase III clinical trials in lupus nephritis. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec(1).
 
Avastin
 
We are preparing for Phase III clinical trials in high-risk carcinoid cancer, first-line glioblastoma multiforme, head and neck cancer, and gastro-intestinal stromal tumors.
 
Herceptin
 
We are preparing for Phase III clinical trials in ductal carcinoma in situ. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Herceptin +/- Avastin
 
We are preparing for a Phase III clinical trial of Herceptin and Avastin as combination therapy in first-line and adjuvant HER2-positve metastatic BC. These products are being developed in collaboration with Roche. These are separate trials from that listed in Phase III above.
 
Phase II
 
 
Anti-CD40
 
Anti-CD40 is being evaluated as a single agent and in combination with Rituxan plus chemotherapy for patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. This product is being developed in collaboration with Seattle Genetics, Inc.
 
Apo2L/TRAIL
 
Apo2L/TRAIL is being evaluated in first-line NSCLC in combination with chemotherapy/Avastin and in NHL in combination with Rituxan. This product is being developed in collaboration with Amgen.
 
Apomab
 
Apomab is being evaluated in first-line NSCLC in combination with chemotherapy/Avastin, and as a single agent in chondrosarcoma.
 

 
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Avastin
 
Avastin is being evaluated in multiple myeloma, platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer, extensive small cell lung cancer, and NSCLC with previously treated brain metastasis and squamous cell histology. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Herceptin +/- Pertuzumab
 
Pertuzumab is being evaluated in HER2-positive metastatic BC patients who have progressed on Herceptin. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Pertuzumab
 
Pertuzumab is being evaluated in ovarian cancer in combination with chemotherapy. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
Trastuzumab-DM1
 
Trastuzumab-DM1 is being evaluated in late stage HER2-positive metastatic BC. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche.
 
ABT-869
 
ABT-869 is being evaluated for the treatment of several types of tumors. This product is being developed in collaboration with Abbott.
 
Preparing for Phase II
 
 
2nd Generation anti-CD20
 
We are preparing for a Phase II clinical trial in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. This product is being developed in collaboration with Roche and Biogen Idec(1).
 
Rituxan +/- Apomab
 
We are preparing for a Phase II clinical trial of Apomab and Rituxan as combination therapy in NHL.
 
Systemic Hedgehog Antagonist
 
We are preparing for Phase II clinical trials for solid tumors. This product is being developed in collaboration with Curis, Inc.
 
Phase I and Preparing for Phase I
 
We have multiple new molecular entities in Phase I or Preparing for Phase I.
 
________________________
(1)
Our collaborator Biogen Idec disagrees with certain of our development decisions under our 2003 collaboration agreement with them. We continue to pursue a resolution of our differences with Biogen Idec, and the disputed issues have been submitted to arbitration. See Part I, Item 3, “Legal Proceedings,” of this Form 10-K for further information.

Related Party Arrangements

See “Relationship with Roche” and “Related Party Transactions” sections below in Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K for information on our collaboration arrangements with Roche and Novartis.

Distribution and Commercialization

We have a U.S.-based marketing, sales and distribution organization. Our sales efforts are focused on specialist physicians in private practice or at hospitals and major medical centers in the U.S. In general, our products are sold largely to wholesalers, specialty distributors or directly to hospital pharmacies. We utilize common pharmaceutical company marketing techniques, including sales representatives calling on individual physicians and distributors, advertisements, professional symposia, direct mail, and public relations, as well as other methods.

The Genentech Access to Care Foundation provides free product to eligible uninsured patients and those deemed uninsured due to payer denial in the U.S. We have the Genentech Endowment for Cystic Fibrosis to assist cystic fibrosis patients in the U.S. with obtaining Pulmozyme. The Genentech Access to Care Foundation and the Genentech Endowment for Cystic Fibrosis are non-profit entities funded by Genentech, Inc. We also provide customer service programs related to our products. We maintain a physician-related product waste replacement program for Rituxan, Avastin, Herceptin, Activase, TNKase, and Lucentis, that, subject to specific conditions, gives physicians the right to return these products to us for replacement. We also maintain expired product programs for all

 
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of our products that, subject to certain specific conditions, give customers the right to return expired products to us for replacement or credit at a price based on a 12-month rolling average. To further support patient access to therapies for various diseases we donate to various independent public charities that offer financial assistance, such as co-pay assistance, to eligible patients.

In February 2007, we launched the Avastin Patient Assistance Program, which is a voluntary program that enables eligible patients who receive greater than 10,000 milligrams of Avastin over a 12-month period to receive free Avastin in excess of the 10,000 milligrams during the remainder of the 12-month period. Based on the current wholesale acquisition cost, 10,000 milligrams is valued at $55,000 in gross revenue. Eligible patients include those who are being treated for an FDA-approved indication and who meet the household income criteria for this program. The program is available for eligible patients who enroll regardless of whether they are insured.

As discussed in Note 13, “Segment, Significant Customer and Geographic Information,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K, our combined sales to three major wholesalers constituted approximately 86% in 2007, 85% in 2006, and 82% in 2005 of our total net U.S. product sales. Also discussed in the note are net U.S. product sales and net foreign revenue in 2007, 2006, and 2005.

Manufacturing and Raw Materials

Manufacturing biotechnology products is difficult and complex, and requires facilities specifically designed and validated for this purpose. It can take longer than five years to design, construct, validate, and license a new biotechnology manufacturing facility. Production problems in any of our operations or our contractors’ manufacturing plants could result in failure to produce adequate product supplies or could result in product defects which could require us to delay shipment of products, recall products previously shipped, or be unable to supply products at all. In addition, we may need to record period charges associated with manufacturing or inventory failures or other production-related costs or incur costs to secure additional sources of capacity. Alternatively, we may have an excess of available capacity, which could lead to an idling of a portion of our manufacturing facilities and incurring unabsorbed or idle plant charges, costs associated with the termination of existing contract manufacturing relationships, or other excess capacity charges, resulting in an increase in our cost of sales (COS). Furthermore, there are inherent uncertainties associated with forecasting future demand, especially for newly introduced products of ours or of those for whom we produce products, and as a consequence we may have inadequate capacity to meet actual demand.

Raw materials and supplies required for the production of our principal products are available, in some instances from one supplier and in other instances, from multiple suppliers. In those cases for which raw materials are available through only one supplier, that supplier may be either a sole source (the only recognized supply source available to us) or a single source (the only approved supply source for us among other sources). We have adopted policies that attempt, to the extent feasible, to minimize raw material supply risks to us, including maintenance of greater levels of raw materials inventory and coordination with our collaborators to implement raw materials sourcing strategies.

For risks associated with manufacturing and raw materials, see “Difficulties or delays in product manufacturing or in obtaining materials from our suppliers, or difficulties in accurately forecasting manufacturing capacity needs, could harm our business and/or negatively affect our financial performance” under “Risk Factors” below in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Proprietary Technology—Patents and Trade Secrets

We seek patents on inventions originating from our ongoing research and development (R&D) activities. We have been issued patents and have patent applications pending that relate to a number of current and potential products, including products licensed to others. Patents, issued or applied for, cover inventions ranging from basic recombinant DNA techniques to processes related to specific products and to the products themselves. Our issued patents extend for varying periods according to the date of patent application filing or grant and the legal term of patents in the various countries where patent protection is obtained. The actual protection afforded by a patent,

 
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which can vary from country to country, depends upon the type of patent, the scope of its coverage as determined by the patent office or courts in the country, and the availability of legal remedies in the country. We consider that in the aggregate our patent applications, patents and licenses under patents owned by third parties are of material importance to our operations. For our five highest selling products, we have identified in the following table the latest-to-expire U.S. patents that are owned or controlled by or exclusively licensed to Genentech having claims directed to product-specific compositions of matter (e.g., nucleic acids, proteins, protein-producing host cells). This table does not identify all patents that may relate to these products. For example, in addition to the listed patents, we have patents on platform technologies (that relate to certain general classes of products or methods), as well patents on methods of using or administering many of our products, that may confer additional patent protection. We also have pending patent applications that may give rise to new patents relating to one or more of these products.

Product
Latest-to-expire product-specific U.S. Patent(s)
Year of expiration
Avastin
 
6,884,879
7,169,901
 
2017
2019
 
Rituxan
 
5,677,180
5,736,137
 
2014
2015
 
Herceptin
 
6,339,142
6,407,213
7,074,404
 
2019
2019
2019
 
Lucentis
 
6,884,879
7,169,901
 
2017
2019
 
Xolair
 
6,329,509
 
2018
 

The information in this table is based on our current assessment of patents that we own or control or have exclusively licensed and is subject to revision, for example, in the event of changes in the law or legal rulings affecting our patents or if we become aware of new information. Significant legal issues remain to be resolved as to the extent and scope of available patent protection for biotechnology products and processes in the U.S. and other important markets outside of the U.S. We expect that litigation will likely be necessary to determine the validity, enforceability, and scope of certain of our patents and other proprietary rights. An adverse decision or ruling with respect to one or more of our patents could result in the loss of patent protection for a product and, in turn, the introduction of competitor products or follow-on biologics onto the market, earlier than anticipated, and could force us to either obtain third-party licenses at a material cost or cease using a technology or commercializing a product. We are currently involved in a number of legal proceedings related to the scope of protection and validity of our patents and those of others. These proceedings may result in a significant commitment of our resources in the future and, depending on their outcome, may adversely affect the validity, enforceability, and/or scope of certain of our patent or other proprietary rights (such as the Cabilly patent discussed in Item 3, “Legal Proceedings”), and may cause us to incur a material loss of royalties, other revenue, and/or market exclusivity for one or more of our products. The patents that we obtain or the unpatented proprietary technology that we hold may not afford us significant commercial protection.

We have obtained licenses from various parties that we deem to be necessary or desirable for the manufacture, use, or sale of our products. These licenses (both exclusive and non-exclusive) generally require us to pay royalties to the parties on product sales. In conjunction with these licenses, disputes sometimes arise regarding whether royalties are owed on certain product sales or the amount of royalties that are owed. The resolution of such disputes may cause us to incur significant additional royalty expenses or other expenses.

Our trademarks—Activase, Avastin, Cathflo, Genentech, Herceptin, Lucentis, Nutropin, Nutropin AQ, Nutropin AQ Pen, Pulmozyme, Raptiva, Rituxan (licensed from Biogen Idec), TNKase, Xolair (licensed from Novartis), and Tarceva (licensed from OSI)—in the aggregate are considered to be of material importance. All are covered by registrations or pending applications for registration in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. Trademark protection continues in some countries for as long as the mark is used and, in other countries, for as long as it is registered. Registrations generally are for fixed, but renewable, terms.

 
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Our royalty income for patent licenses, know-how, and other related rights amounted to $1,984 million in 2007, $1,354 million in 2006, and $935 million in 2005. Royalty expenses were $712 million in 2007, $568 million in 2006, and $462 million in 2005.

Competition

We face competition from pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology companies. The introduction of new competitive products or follow-on biologics, or new information about existing products or pricing decisions by us or our competitors, may result in lost market share for us, reduced utilization of our products, and/or lower prices, even for products protected by patents. For risks associated with competition, see “We face competition” under “Risk Factors” below in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Government Regulation

Regulation by governmental authorities in the U.S. and other countries is a significant factor in the manufacture and marketing of our products and in ongoing research and product development activities. All of our products require regulatory approval by governmental agencies prior to commercialization. Our products are subject to rigorous preclinical and clinical testing and other premarket approval requirements by the FDA and regulatory authorities in other countries. Various statutes and regulations also govern or influence the manufacturing, safety, labeling, storage, record keeping, and marketing of such products. The lengthy process of seeking these approvals, and the subsequent compliance with applicable statutes and regulations, require the expenditure of substantial resources.

The activities that are required before a pharmaceutical product may be marketed in the U.S. begin with preclinical testing. Preclinical tests include laboratory evaluation of product chemistry and required animal studies to assess the potential safety and efficacy of the product and its formulations. The results of these studies must be submitted to the FDA as part of an Investigational New Drug Application, which must be reviewed by the FDA before proposed clinical testing in humans can begin. Typically, clinical testing involves a three-phase process. In Phase I, clinical trials are conducted with a small number of subjects to determine the early safety profile and the pattern of drug distribution and metabolism. In Phase II, clinical trials are conducted with groups of patients afflicted with a specified disease in order to provide enough data to evaluate the preliminary efficacy, optimal dosages, and expanded evidence of safety. In Phase III, large-scale, multi-center clinical trials are conducted with patients afflicted with a target disease in order to provide enough data to statistically evaluate the efficacy and safety of the product, as required by the FDA. The results of the preclinical and clinical testing of a pharmaceutical product are then submitted to the FDA in the form of a New Drug Application (NDA), or a Biologics License Application (BLA), for approval to commence commercial sales. In responding to an NDA or a BLA, the FDA may grant marketing approval, grant conditional approval, request additional information, or deny the application if it determines that the application does not provide an adequate basis for approval. Most R&D projects fail to produce data sufficiently compelling to enable progression through all of the stages of development and to obtain FDA approval for commercial sale. See also “The successful development of pharmaceutical products is highly uncertain and requires significant expenditures and time” under “Risk Factors” below in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Among the conditions for an NDA or a BLA approval is the requirement that the prospective manufacturer’s quality control and manufacturing procedures conform on an ongoing basis with current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP). Before approval of a BLA, the FDA will usually perform a preapproval inspection of the facility to determine its compliance with cGMP and other rules and regulations. Manufacturers must continue to expend time, money and effort in the area of production and quality control to ensure full compliance with cGMP. After the establishment is licensed for the manufacture of any product, manufacturers are subject to periodic inspections by the FDA.

The requirements that we and our collaborators must satisfy to obtain regulatory approval by governmental agencies in other countries prior to commercialization of our products in such countries can be costly and uncertain.

 
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We are also subject to various laws and regulations related to safe working conditions, clinical, laboratory and manufacturing practices, the experimental use of animals and the use and disposal of hazardous or potentially hazardous substances, including radioactive compounds and infectious disease agents, used in connection with our research.

Our revenue and profitability may be affected by the continuing efforts of government and third-party payers to contain or reduce the costs of healthcare through various means. For example, in certain foreign markets, pricing or profitability of pharmaceutical products is subject to governmental control. In the U.S. there have been, and we expect that there will continue to be, a number of federal and state proposals to implement similar governmental control.

In addition, in the U.S. and elsewhere, sales of pharmaceutical products are dependent in part on the availability of reimbursement to the physician or consumer from third-party payers, such as the government or private insurance plans. Government and private third-party payers are increasingly challenging the prices charged for medical products and services, through class action litigation and otherwise. New regulations related to hospital and physician payment continue to be implemented annually. To date, we have not seen any detectable effects of the new rules on our product sales. See also “Decreases in third party reimbursement rates may affect our product sales, results of operations and financial condition” under “Risk Factors” below in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

We are also subject to various federal and state laws pertaining to healthcare fraud and abuse, including anti-kickback laws and false claims laws. For risks associated with healthcare fraud and abuse, see “If there is an adverse outcome in our pending litigation or other legal actions our business may be harmed” under “Risk Factors” below in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.

Research and Development

A significant portion of our operating expenses is related to R&D. Generally, R&D expenses consist of the costs of our own independent R&D efforts and the costs associated with collaborative R&D and in-licensing arrangements. R&D costs, including upfront fees and milestones paid to collaborators, are expensed as incurred, if the underlying assets are determined to have no alternative future use. R&D expenses, excluding any acquisition-related in-process research and development charges, were $2,446 million in 2007, $1,773 million in 2006, and $1,262 million in 2005. We also receive reimbursements from certain collaborators on some of our R&D expenditures, depending on the mix of spending between us and our collaborators. These R&D expense reimbursements are included in contract revenue, and were $196 million in 2007, $187 million in 2006, and $144 million in 2005.

We intend to maintain our strong commitment to R&D. Biotechnology products generally take 10 to 15 years to research, develop, and bring to market in the U.S. As discussed above, clinical development typically involves three phases of study: Phase I, II, and III. The most significant costs associated with clinical development are the Phase III trials, as they tend to be the longest and largest studies conducted during the drug development process. Product completion dates and completion costs vary significantly by product and are difficult to predict.

Human Resources

As of December 31, 2007, we had 11,174 employees.

Environment

We have made, and will continue to make, expenditures for environmental compliance and protection. Expenditures for compliance with environmental laws have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on our capital expenditures, results of operations, or competitive position.


 
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Available Information

The following information can be found on our website at www.gene.com or can be obtained free of charge by contacting our Investor Relations Department at (650) 225-4150 or by sending an e-mail message to investor.relations@gene.com:

 
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Our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports as soon as is reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission;

 
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Our policies related to corporate governance, including our Principles of Corporate Governance, Good Operating Principles, and Code of Ethics, which apply to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and senior financial officials; and

 
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The charters of the Audit Committee and the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors.


Item 1A.

This Form 10-K contains forward-looking information based on our current expectations. Because our actual results may differ materially from any forward-looking statements that we make, this section includes a discussion of important factors that could affect our actual future results, including, but not limited to, our product sales, royalties, contract revenue, expenses, net income, and earnings per share.

The successful development of pharmaceutical products is highly uncertain and requires significant expenditures and time.

Successful development of pharmaceutical products is highly uncertain. Products that appear promising in research or development may be delayed or fail to reach later stages of development or the market for several reasons, including:

 
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Preclinical tests may show the product to be toxic or lack efficacy in animal models.

 
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Clinical trial results may show the product to be less effective than desired or to have harmful or problematic side effects.

 
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Failure to receive the necessary U.S. and international regulatory approvals or a delay in receiving such approvals. Among other things, such delays may be caused by slow enrollment in clinical studies; extended length of time to achieve study endpoints; additional time requirements for data analysis or BLA or NDA preparation; discussions with the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA); FDA requests for additional preclinical or clinical data; analyses or changes to study design; or unexpected safety, efficacy, or manufacturing issues.

 
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Difficulties in formulating the product, scaling the manufacturing process, or getting approval for manufacturing.

 
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Manufacturing costs, pricing, or reimbursement issues, or other factors may make the product uneconomical.

 
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The proprietary rights of others and their competing products and technologies may prevent the product from being developed or commercialized.

 
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The contractual rights of our collaborators or others may prevent the product from being developed or commercialized.

 
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Success in preclinical and early clinical trials does not ensure that large-scale clinical trials will be successful. Clinical results are frequently susceptible to varying interpretations that may delay, limit, or prevent regulatory approvals. The length of time necessary to complete clinical trials and to submit an application for marketing approval for a final decision by a regulatory authority varies significantly and may be difficult to predict. If our large-scale clinical trials are not successful, we will not recover our substantial investments in the product.

Factors affecting our research and development (R&D) productivity and the amount of our R&D expenses include, but are not limited to:

 
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The number of and the outcome of clinical trials currently being conducted by us and/or our collaborators. For example, our R&D expenses may increase based on the number of late-stage clinical trials being conducted by us and/or our collaborators.

 
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The number of products entering into development from late-stage research. For example, there is no guarantee that internal research efforts will succeed in generating a sufficient number of product candidates that are ready to move into development or that product candidates will be available for in-licensing on terms acceptable to us and permitted under the anti-trust laws.

 
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Decisions by Roche Holding AG and affiliates (Roche) whether to exercise its options to develop and sell our future products in non-U.S. markets, and the timing and amount of any related development cost reimbursements.

 
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Our ability to in-license projects of interest to us, and the timing and amount of related development funding or milestone payments for such licenses. For example, we may enter into agreements requiring us to pay a significant up-front fee for the purchase of in-process R&D, which we may record as an R&D expense.

 
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Participation in a number of collaborative research arrangements. On many of these collaborations, our share of expenses recorded in our financial statements is subject to volatility based on our collaborators’ spending activities as well as the mix and timing of activities between the parties.

 
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Charges incurred in connection with expanding our product manufacturing capabilities, as described below in “Difficulties or delays in product manufacturing or in obtaining materials from our suppliers, or difficulties in accurately forecasting manufacturing capacity needs, could harm our business and/or negatively affect our financial performance.”

 
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Future levels of revenue.

 
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Our ability to supply product for use in clinical trials.

We may be unable to obtain or maintain regulatory approvals for our products.

We are subject to stringent regulation with respect to product safety and efficacy by various international, federal, state, and local authorities. Of particular significance are the FDA’s requirements covering R&D, testing, manufacturing, quality control, labeling, and promotion of drugs for human use. As a result of these requirements, the length of time, the level of expenditures, and the laboratory and clinical information required for approval of a BLA or NDA are substantial and can require a number of years. In addition, even if our products receive regulatory approval, they remain subject to ongoing FDA regulations, including, for example, obligations to conduct additional clinical trials or other testing, changes to the product label, new or revised regulatory requirements for manufacturing practices, written advisements to physicians, and/or a product recall or withdrawal.

 
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We may not obtain necessary regulatory approvals on a timely basis, if at all, for any of the products we are developing or manufacturing, or we may not maintain necessary regulatory approvals for our existing products, and all of the following could have a material adverse effect on our business:

 
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Significant delays in obtaining or failing to obtain approvals, as described above in “The successful development of pharmaceutical products is highly uncertain and requires significant expenditures and time.”

 
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Loss of, or changes to, previously obtained approvals or accelerated approvals, including those resulting from post-approval safety or efficacy issues. For example, with respect to the FDA’s accelerated approval of Avastin in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy for the treatment of patients who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic HER2-negative BC, the FDA may withdraw or modify such approval, or request additional post-marketing studies.

 
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Failure to comply with existing or future regulatory requirements.

 
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A determination by the FDA that any study endpoints used in clinical trials for our products are not sufficient for product approval.

 
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Changes to manufacturing processes, manufacturing process standards or current Good Manufacturing Practices following approval or changing interpretations of these factors.

In addition, the current regulatory framework could change or additional regulations could arise at any stage during our product development or marketing, which may affect our ability to obtain or maintain approval of our products or require us to make significant expenditures to obtain or maintain such approvals.

We face competition.

We face competition from pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology companies.

The introduction of new competitive products or follow-on biologics, and/or new information about existing products or pricing decisions by us or our competitors, may result in lost market share for us, reduced utilization of our products, lower prices, and/or reduced product sales, even for products protected by patents.

Avastin: Avastin competes in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) with Erbitux® (Imclone/Bristol-Myers Squibb), which is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor approved for the treatment of irinotecan refractory or intolerant metastatic CRC patients; and with Vectibix™ (Amgen), which is indicated for the treatment of patients with EGFR-expressing metastatic CRC who have disease progression on or following fluoropyrimidine–, oxaliplatin–, and irinotecan–containing regimens. Avastin could also face competition from Erbitux® in metastatic NSCLC. In the third quarter of 2007, ImClone Systems Incorporated and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced that a Phase III study of Erbitux® in combination with vinorelbine plus cisplatin met its primary endpoint of increasing overall survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced NSCLC. Data from this study are expected in 2008. In addition, Avastin competes with Nexavar® (sorafenib, Bayer Corporation/Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.), Sutent® (sunitinib malate, Pfizer, Inc.), and Torisel® (Wyeth) for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (an unapproved use of Avastin).

Avastin could face competition from products in development that currently do not have regulatory approval. Sanofi-Aventis is developing a VEGF inhibitor VEGF-Trap in multiple indications, including metastatic CRC and metastatic NSCLC. There are also ongoing head-to-head clinical trials comparing both Sutent® and AZD2171 (AstraZeneca) to Avastin. Likewise, Amgen has initiated head-to-head clinical trials comparing AMG 706 and Avastin in NSCLC and metastatic breast cancer (BC). Overall, there are more than 65 molecules in clinical development that target VEGF inhibition, and over 130 companies are developing molecules that, if successful in clinical trials, may compete with Avastin.

 
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Rituxan: Rituxan’s current competitors in hematology-oncology include Bexxar® (GlaxoSmithKline [GSK]) and Zevalin® (Cell Therapeutics), both of which are radioimmunotherapies indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory low-grade, follicular, or transformed B-cell NHL. Other potential competitors include Campath® (Bayer Corporation/Genzyme) in previously untreated and relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (an unapproved use of Rituxan); Velcade® (Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.), which is indicated for multiple myeloma and more recently, mantle cell lymphoma (both unapproved uses of Rituxan); and Revlimid® (Celgene), which is indicated for multiple myeloma and myelodysplastic syndromes (both unapproved uses of Rituxan).

Rituxan’s current competitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) include Enbrel® (Amgen/Wyeth), Humira® (Abbott Laboratories), Remicade® (Johnson & Johnson), Orencia® (Bristol-Myers Squibb), and Kineret® (Amgen). These products are approved for use in a RA patient population that is broader than the approved population for Rituxan. In addition, molecules in development that, if approved by the FDA, may compete with Rituxan in RA include: Actemra™, an anti-interleukin-6 receptor being developed by Chugai and Roche; Cimzia™ (certolizumab pegol), an anti-TNF antibody being developed by UCB; and CNTO 148 (golimumab), an anti-TNF antibody being developed by Centocor, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson).

Rituxan may face future competition in both hematology-oncology and RA from Humax CD20™ (Ofatumumab), an anti-CD20 antibody being co-developed by Genmab and GSK. Genmab and GSK announced their plans to file for approval of Humax™ in 2008 for monotherapy use in refractory CLL and to complete a monotherapy trial for refractory indolent NHL. In addition, we are aware of other anti-CD20 molecules in development that, if successful in clinical trials, may compete with Rituxan. Rituxan could also face competition from Treanda® (Cephalon, Inc.), a NHL treatment candidate that showed positive results in Phase III clinical trials for refractory indolent NHL patients and previously untreated CLL patients. There are several therapeutic vaccines currently in development that may seek approval in indolent NHL in the future.

Herceptin: Herceptin faces competition in the relapsed metastatic setting from Tykerb® (lapatinib ditosylate), manufactured by GSK. On March 13, 2007, the FDA approved Tykerb®, in combination with capecitabine, for the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic BC whose tumors overexpress HER2 and who have received prior therapy, including an anthracycline, a taxane, and Herceptin. Market research indicates that lapatinib use in the fourth quarter was primarily within the later lines of metastatic BC. We will continue to monitor the clinical development of lapatinib in early lines of metastatic and adjuvant breast cancer.

Lucentis: We are aware that retinal specialists are currently using Avastin to treat the wet form of AMD, an unapproved use for Avastin, which results in significantly less revenue to us per treatment compared to Lucentis. As of January 1, 2008, we no longer directly supply Avastin to compounding pharmacies. After discussions with the leadership of the American Society of Retina Specialists and the American Academy of Ophthalmology, we expect ocular use of Avastin to continue as physicians can purchase Avastin from authorized distributors and ship to the destination of the physicians’ choice. Additionally, an independent head-to-head trial of Avastin and Lucentis in wet AMD is being partially funded by the National Eye Institute, who announced that it expects to begin enrollment in the next few months. Lucentis also competes with Macugen® (Pfizer/OSI Pharmaceuticals), and with Visudyne® (Novartis) alone, in combination with Lucentis, in combination with Avastin, or in combination with the off-label steroid triamcinolone in wet AMD. In addition, VEGF-Trap-Eye, a vascular endothelial growth factor blocker being developed by Bayer Corporation and Regeneron, is in Phase III clinical trials for treatment of wet AMD.

Xolair: Xolair faces competition from other asthma therapies, including inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta agonists, combination products such as fixed-dose inhaled corticosteroids/long-acting beta agonists and leukotriene inhibitors, as well as oral corticosteroids and immunotherapy.

Tarceva: Tarceva competes with the chemotherapy agents Taxotere® (Sanofi-Aventis) and Alimta® (Eli Lilly and Company), both of which are indicated for the treatment of relapsed NSCLC. Astra Zeneca recently announced completion of enrollment in their Phase III study comparing Zactima™ head-to-head with Tarceva in second-line NSCLC (ZEST). In September 2007, Astra Zeneca announced comparable survival data for Iressa® versus Taxotere® for the treatment of relapsed NSCLC in an international study. The results of this study have not yet been

 
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published, and it is unclear whether a re-filing of Iressa® with U.S. regulatory authorities is pending. Eli Lilly recently announced positive Phase III maintenance therapy data for Alimta®. Since Alimta® has not yet been approved in this setting, its potential impact on treatment is uncertain. BMS/ImClone/Merck KGaA announced positive data on the use of Erbitux® in combination with chemotherapy for the front-line treatment of NSCLC (an unapproved use of Tarceva). This may have a material impact on the landscape of treatment options for the management of patients with relapsed NSCLC. In front-line pancreatic cancer, Tarceva primarily competes with Gemzar® (Eli Lilly) monotherapy and Gemzar® in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Tarceva also faces competition in the future from products in late-phase development, such as Erbitux®, in the treatment of relapsed NSCLC and Xeloda® (Roche), in the treatment of pancreactic cancer; none of these products currently has regulatory approval for use in NSCLC or pancreatic cancer.

Nutropin: Nutropin faces competition in the growth hormone market from five (5) branded competitors:
 
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Humatrope® (Lilly)
 
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Genotropin® (Pfizer)
 
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Norditropin® (Novo Nordisk)
 
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Saizen® (Merck Serono)
 
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Tev-Tropin® (Teva)
Nutropin also faces competition from three (3) follow-on biologics:
 
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Omnitrope® (Sandoz)
 
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Valtropin® (LG Life Sciences)
 
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Accretropin® (Cangene)

As a result of this competition, we have experienced and may continue to experience a loss of patient share and increased competition for managed care product placement. Obtaining placement on the preferred product lists of managed care companies may require that we further discount the price of Nutropin. In addition to managed care placement, patient and healthcare provider services provided by growth hormone manufacturers are increasingly important to creating brand preference.

Thrombolytics: Our thrombolytic products face competition in the acute myocardial infarction market, with sales of TNKase and Activase affected by the adoption by physicians of mechanical reperfusion strategies. We expect that the use of mechanical reperfusion, in lieu of thrombolytic therapy for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, will continue to grow. TNKase, for acute myocardial infarction, also faces competition from Retavase® (PDL BioPharma Inc.).

Pulmozyme: Pulmozyme currently faces competition from the use of hypertonic saline, an inexpensive approach to clearing sputum from the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients. Approximately 25% of cystic fibrosis patients receive hypertonic saline and it is estimated that in a small percentage of patients (less than 5%), this use will impact how a physician may prescribe or a patient may use Pulmozyme.

Raptiva: Raptiva competes with established therapies for moderate-to-severe psoriasis, including oral systemics such as methotrexate and cyclosporin as well as ultraviolet light therapies. In addition, Raptiva competes with biologic agents Amevive® (Astellas), Enbrel® (Amgen), and Remicade® (Centocor). Raptiva also competes with the biologic agent Humira® (Abbott), which was approved by the FDA for use in moderate-to-severe psoriasis on January 18, 2008, and was used off-label in psoriasis prior to FDA approval. Raptiva may face future competition from the biologic Ustekinumab/CNTO-1275 (Centocor), which was filed with the FDA for approval in the treatment of psoriasis on December 4, 2007.

In addition to the commercial and late-stage development products listed above, numerous products are in earlier stages of development at other biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies that, if successful in clinical trials, may compete with our products.


 
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Decreases in third-party reimbursement rates may affect our product sales, results of operations, and financial condition.

Sales of our products will depend significantly on the extent to which reimbursement for the cost of our products and related treatments will be available to physicians and patients from U.S. and international government health administration authorities, private health insurers, and other organizations. Third-party payers and government health administration authorities increasingly attempt to limit and/or regulate the reimbursement of medical products and services, including branded prescription drugs. Changes in government legislation or regulation, such as the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003, the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, and the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007; changes in Compendia listing; or changes in private third-party payers’ policies toward reimbursement for our products may reduce reimbursement of our products’ costs to physicians, pharmacies, and distributors. Decreases in third-party reimbursement for our products could reduce usage of the products, sales to collaborators, and royalties, and may have a material adverse effect on our product sales, results of operations, and financial condition.

Difficulties or delays in product manufacturing or in obtaining materials from our suppliers, or difficulties in accurately forecasting manufacturing capacity needs, could harm our business and/or negatively affect our financial performance.

Manufacturing pharmaceutical products is difficult and complex, and requires facilities specifically designed and validated for this purpose. It can take longer than five years to design, construct, validate, and license a new biotechnology manufacturing facility. We currently produce our products at our manufacturing facilities located in South San Francisco, Vacaville, and Oceanside, California and through various contract-manufacturing arrangements. Maintaining an adequate supply to meet demand for our products depends on our ability to execute on our production plan. Any significant problem in the operations of our or our contractors’ manufacturing facilities could result in cancellation of shipments; loss of product in the process of being manufactured; a shortfall, stock-out, or recall of available product inventory; or unplanned increases in production costs—any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. A number of factors could cause significant production problems or interruptions, including:

 
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The inability of a supplier to provide raw materials used to manufacture our products;

 
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Equipment obsolescence, malfunctions, or failures;

 
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Product quality or contamination problems, due to a number of factors included but not limited to human error;

 
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Damage to a facility, including our warehouses and distribution facilities, due to events such as fires or earthquakes, as our South San Francisco, Vacaville, and Oceanside facilities are located in areas where earthquakes and/or fires have occurred;

 
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Changes in FDA regulatory requirements or standards that require modifications to our manufacturing processes;

 
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Action by the FDA or by us that results in the halting or slowdown of production of one or more of our products or products that we make for others;

 
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A contract manufacturer going out of business or failing to produce product as contractually required;

 
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Failure to maintain an adequate state of current Good Manufacturing Practices compliance; and

 
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Implementation and integration of our new enterprise resource planning system, including the portions related to manufacturing and distribution.

 
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In addition, there are inherent uncertainties associated with forecasting future demand for our products or those products we produce for others, and as a consequence we may have inadequate capacity to meet actual demand. Alternatively, we may have an excess of available capacity, which could lead to an idling of a portion of our manufacturing facilities and incurring unabsorbed or idle plant charges, costs associated with the termination of existing contract manufacturing relationships, costs associated with a reduction in workforce, or other excess capacity charges, resulting in an increase in our COS.

Furthermore, certain of our raw materials and supplies required for the production of our principal products, or products that we make for others, are available only through sole-source suppliers (the only recognized supplier available to us) or single-source suppliers (the only approved supplier for us among other sources), and we may not be able to obtain such raw materials without significant delay or at all. If such sole-source or single-source suppliers were to limit or terminate production or otherwise fail to supply these materials for any reason, such failures could also have a material adverse effect on our product sales and our business.

Because our manufacturing processes and those of our contractors are highly complex and are subject to a lengthy FDA approval process, alternative qualified production capacity may not be available on a timely basis or at all. Difficulties or delays in our or our contractors’ manufacturing and supply of existing or new products could increase our costs, cause us to lose revenue or market share, damage our reputation, and result in a material adverse effect on our product sales, financial condition, and results of operations.

Protecting our proprietary rights is difficult and costly.

The patent positions of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies can be highly uncertain and involve complex legal and factual questions. Accordingly, we cannot predict with certainty the breadth of claims that will be allowed in companies’ patents. Patent disputes are frequent and may ultimately preclude the commercialization of products. We have in the past been, are currently, and may in the future be involved in material litigation and other legal proceedings related to our proprietary rights, such as the Cabilly reexamination and the MedImmune lawsuit (discussed in Note 8, “Leases, Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K) and disputes in connection with licenses granted to or obtained from third parties. Such litigation and other legal proceedings are costly in their own right and could subject us to significant liabilities with third parties, including the payment of significant royalty expenses, the loss of significant royalty income, or other expenses or losses. Furthermore, an adverse decision or ruling could force us to either obtain third-party licenses at a material cost or cease using the technology or commercializing the product in dispute. An adverse decision or ruling with respect to one or more of our patents or other intellectual property rights could cause us to incur a material loss of sales and/or royalties and other revenue from licensing arrangements that we have with third parties, and could significantly interfere with our ability to negotiate future licensing arrangements.

The presence of patents or other proprietary rights belonging to other parties may lead to our termination of the R&D of a particular product, or to a loss of our entire investment in the product and subject us to infringement claims.

If there is an adverse outcome in our pending litigation or other legal actions, our business may be harmed.

Litigation and other legal actions to which we are currently or have been subjected relate to, among other things, our patent and other intellectual property rights, licensing arrangements and other contracts with third parties, and product liability. We cannot predict with certainty the eventual outcome of pending proceedings, which may include an injunction against the development, manufacture, or sale of a product or potential product; a judgment with a significant monetary award including the possibility of punitive damages; or a judgment that certain of our patent or other intellectual property rights are invalid or unenforceable. Furthermore, we may have to incur substantial expense in these proceedings, and such matters could divert management’s attention from ongoing business concerns.

Our activities related to the sale and marketing of our products are subject to regulation under the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and other federal statutes. Violations of these laws may be punishable by criminal and/or civil sanctions, including fines and civil monetary penalties, as well as the possibility of exclusion from federal

 
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healthcare programs (including Medicare and Medicaid). In 1999, we agreed to pay $50 million to settle a federal investigation related to our past clinical, sales, and marketing activities associated with human growth hormone. We are currently being investigated by the Department of Justice with respect to our promotional practices, and may in the future be investigated for our promotional practices related to any of our products. If the government were to bring charges against us or convict us of violating these laws, or if we were subject to third-party litigation related to the same promotional practices, there could be a material adverse effect on our business, including our financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to various U.S. federal and state laws pertaining to healthcare fraud and abuse, including anti-kickback and false claims laws. Anti-kickback laws make it illegal for a prescription drug manufacturer to solicit, offer, receive, or pay any remuneration in exchange for, or to induce, the referral of business, including the purchase or prescription of a particular drug. Due in part to the breadth of the statutory provisions and the absence of guidance in the form of regulations or court decisions addressing some of our practices, it is possible that our practices might be challenged under anti-kickback or similar laws. False claims laws prohibit anyone from knowingly and willingly presenting, or causing to be presented for payment to third-party payers (including Medicare and Medicaid), claims for reimbursed drugs or services that are false or fraudulent, claims for items or services not provided as claimed, or claims for medically unnecessary items or services. Violations of fraud and abuse laws may be punishable by criminal and/or civil sanctions, including fines and civil monetary penalties, as well as the possibility of exclusion from federal healthcare programs (including Medicare and Medicaid). If a court were to find us liable for violating these laws, or if the government were to allege against us or convict us of violating these laws, there could be a material adverse effect on our business, including our stock price.

Other factors could affect our product sales.

Other factors that could affect our product sales include, but are not limited to:

 
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Efficacy data from clinical studies conducted by any party in the U.S. or internationally, showing or perceived to show a similar or an improved treatment benefit at a lower dose or shorter duration of therapy, could cause the sales of our products to decrease.

 
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Our pricing decisions, including a decision to increase or decrease the price of a product; the pricing decisions of our competitors; as well as our Avastin Patient Assistance Program, which is a voluntary program that enables eligible patients who have received 10,000 milligrams of Avastin in a 12-month period to receive free Avastin in excess of the 10,000 milligrams during the remainder of the 12-month period.

 
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Negative safety or efficacy data from new clinical studies conducted either in the U.S. or internationally by any party could cause the sales of our products to decrease or a product to be recalled or withdrawn.

 
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Negative safety or efficacy data from post-approval marketing experience or production-quality problems could cause sales of our products to decrease or a product to be recalled.

 
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The degree of patent protection afforded our products by patents granted to us and by the outcome of litigation involving our patents.

 
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The outcome of litigation involving patents of other companies concerning our products or processes related to production and formulation of those products or uses of those products.

 
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The increasing use and development of alternate therapies.

 
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The rate of market penetration by competing products.

 
Ÿ
Our distribution strategy, including the termination of, or change in, an existing arrangement with any major wholesalers that supply our products.

 
-18-

 


 
Ÿ
Our decision to no longer allow compounding pharmacies the ability to purchase Avastin directly from wholesale distributors, which could have a negative impact on Lucentis sales as a result of negative reaction by retinal specialists to our decision.

 
Ÿ
Product returns and allowances greater than expected or historically experienced.

 
Ÿ
The inability of one or more of our three major customers to meet their payment obligations to us.

Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our sales and results of operations.

Our results of operations are affected by our royalty and contract revenue, and sales to collaborators.

Royalty and contract revenue, and sales to collaborators in future periods, could vary significantly. Major factors affecting this revenue include, but are not limited to:

 
Ÿ
Roche’s decisions about whether to exercise its options and option extensions to develop and sell our future products in non-U.S. markets, and the timing and amount of any related development cost reimbursements.

 
Ÿ
Variations in Roche’s sales and other licensees’ sales of licensed products.

 
Ÿ
The expiration or termination of existing arrangements with other companies and Roche, which may include development and marketing arrangements for our products in the U.S., Europe, and other countries.

 
Ÿ
The timing of non-U.S. approvals, if any, for products licensed to Roche and other licensees.

 
Ÿ
Government and third-party payer reimbursement and coverage decisions that affect the utilization of our products and competing products.

 
Ÿ
The initiation of new contractual arrangements with other companies.

 
Ÿ
Whether and when contract milestones are achieved.

 
Ÿ
The failure or refusal of a licensee to pay royalties.

 
Ÿ
The expiration or invalidation of our patents or licensed intellectual property. For example, patent litigation, interferences, oppositions, and other proceedings involving our patents often include claims by third parties that such patents are invalid, unenforceable, or unpatentable. If a court, patent office, or other authority were to determine that a patent (including the Cabilly patent as discussed in Item 3, “Legal Proceedings”) under which we receive royalties and/or other revenue is invalid, unenforceable, or unpatentable, that determination could cause us to suffer a loss of such royalties and/or revenue, and could cause us to incur other monetary damages.

 
Ÿ
Decreases in licensees’ sales of product due to competition, manufacturing difficulties, or other factors that affect the sales of product.

 
Ÿ
Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.

We may be unable to manufacture certain of our products if there is BSE contamination of our bovine source raw material.

Most biotechnology companies, including Genentech, have historically used, and we continue to use, bovine source raw materials to support cell growth in certain production processes. Bovine source raw materials from within or outside the U.S. are subject to public and regulatory scrutiny because of the perceived risk of contamination with the

 
-19-

 

infectious agent that causes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Should such BSE contamination occur, it would likely negatively affect our ability to manufacture certain products for an indefinite period of time (or at least until an alternative process is approved); negatively affect our reputation; and could result in a material adverse effect on our product sales, financial condition, and results of operations.

We may be unable to retain skilled personnel and maintain key relationships.

The success of our business depends, in large part, on our continued ability to (i) attract and retain highly qualified management, scientific, manufacturing, and sales and marketing personnel, (ii) successfully integrate large numbers of new employees into our corporate culture, and (iii) develop and maintain important relationships with leading research and medical institutions and key distributors. Competition for these types of personnel and relationships is intense. We cannot be sure that we will be able to attract or retain skilled personnel or maintain key relationships, or that the costs of retaining such personnel or maintaining such relationships will not materially increase.

Our affiliation agreement with Roche Holdings, Inc. could adversely affect our cash position.

Our affiliation agreement with Roche Holdings, Inc. (RHI) provides that we establish a stock repurchase program designed to maintain RHI’s percentage ownership interest in our Common Stock based on an established Minimum Percentage. For more information on our stock repurchase program, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Cash Used in or Provided by Financing Activities.” For information on the Minimum Percentage, see Note 9, “Relationship with Roche Holdings, Inc. and Related Party Transactions,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

RHI’s ownership percentage is diluted by the exercise of stock options to purchase shares of our Common Stock by our employees and the purchase of shares of our Common Stock through our employee stock purchase plan. See Note 3, “Employee Stock-Based Compensation,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for information regarding employee stock plans. In order to maintain RHI’s Minimum Percentage, we repurchase shares of our Common Stock under the stock repurchase program. Under our current stock repurchase program, we repurchased 13 million shares for $1.0 billion in 2007. As of December 31, 2007, there were approximately 39 million in-the-money exercisable options. While the dollar amounts associated with future stock repurchase programs cannot currently be determined, future stock repurchases could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, credit rating, and ability to access additional capital in the financial markets.

Our affiliation agreement with Roche Holdings, Inc. could limit our ability to make acquisitions or divestitures.

Our affiliation agreement with RHI contains provisions that:

 
Ÿ
Require the approval of the directors designated by RHI to make any acquisition or any sale or disposal of all or a portion of our business representing 10 percent or more of our assets, net income, or revenue.

 
Ÿ
Enable RHI to maintain its percentage ownership interest in our Common Stock.

 
Ÿ
Require us to establish a stock repurchase program designed to maintain RHI’s percentage ownership interest in our Common Stock based on an established Minimum Percentage. For information regarding the Minimum Percentage, see Note 9, “Relationship with Roche Holdings, Inc. and Related Party Transactions,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

Future sales of our Common Stock by Roche Holdings, Inc. could cause the price of our Common Stock to decline.

As of December 31, 2007, RHI owned 587,189,380 shares of our Common Stock, or 55.8 percent of our outstanding shares. All of our shares owned by RHI are eligible for sale in the public market subject to compliance with the applicable securities laws. We have agreed that, upon RHI’s request, we will file one or more registration statements

 
-20-

 

under the Securities Act of 1933 in order to permit RHI to offer and sell shares of our Common Stock. Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock by RHI in the public market could adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

Roche Holdings, Inc., our controlling stockholder, may seek to influence our business in a manner that is adverse to us or adverse to other stockholders who may be unable to prevent actions by Roche Holdings, Inc.

As our majority stockholder, RHI controls the outcome of most actions requiring the approval of our stockholders. Our bylaws provide, among other things, that the composition of our Board of Directors shall consist of at least three directors designated by RHI, three independent directors nominated by the Nominations Committee, and one Genentech executive officer nominated by the Nominations Committee. Our bylaws also provide that RHI will have the right to obtain proportional representation on our Board until such time that RHI owns less than five percent of our stock. Currently, three of our directors—Mr. William Burns, Dr. Erich Hunziker, and Dr. Jonathan K. C. Knowles—also serve as officers and employees of Roche. As long as RHI owns in excess of 50 percent of our Common Stock, RHI directors will be two of the three members of the Nominations Committee. Our certificate of incorporation includes provisions related to competition by RHI affiliates with Genentech, offering of corporate opportunities, transactions with interested parties, intercompany agreements, and provisions limiting the liability of specified employees. We cannot assure that RHI will not seek to influence our business in a manner that is contrary to our goals or strategies or the interests of other stockholders. Moreover, persons who are directors of Genentech and who are also directors and/or officers of RHI may decline to take action in a manner that might be favorable to us but adverse to RHI.

Additionally, our certificate of incorporation provides that any person purchasing or acquiring an interest in shares of our capital stock shall be deemed to have consented to the provisions in the certificate of incorporation related to competition with RHI, conflicts of interest with RHI, the offer of corporate opportunities to RHI, and intercompany agreements with RHI. This deemed consent might restrict our ability to challenge transactions carried out in compliance with these provisions.

We may incur material product liability costs.

The testing and marketing of medical products entail an inherent risk of product liability. Liability exposures for pharmaceutical products can be extremely large and pose a material risk. Our business may be materially and adversely affected by a successful product liability claim or claims in excess of any insurance coverage that we may have.

Insurance coverage may be more difficult and costly to obtain or maintain.

We currently have a limited amount of insurance to minimize our direct exposure to certain business risks. In the future, we may be exposed to an increase in premiums and a narrowing of scope of coverage. As a result, we may be required to assume more risk in the future or make significant expenditures to maintain our current levels of insurance. If we are subject to third-party claims or suffer a loss or damages in excess of our insurance coverage, we will incur the cost of the portion of the retained risk. Furthermore, any claims made on our insurance policies may affect our ability to obtain or maintain insurance coverage at reasonable costs.

We are subject to environmental and other risks.

We use certain hazardous materials in connection with our research and manufacturing activities. In the event that such hazardous materials are stored, handled, or released into the environment in violation of law or any permit, we could be subject to loss of our permits, government fines, or penalties, and/or other adverse governmental or private actions. The levy of a substantial fine or penalty, the payment of significant environmental remediation costs, or the loss of a permit or other authorization to operate or engage in our ordinary course of business could materially adversely affect our business.

 
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We also have acquired, and may continue to acquire in the future, land and buildings as we expand our operations. Some of these properties are “brownfields” for which redevelopment or use is complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. Certain events that could occur may require us to pay significant clean-up or other costs in order to maintain our operations on those properties. Such events include, but are not limited to, changes in environmental laws, discovery of new contamination, or unintended exacerbation of existing contamination. The occurrence of any such event could materially affect our ability to continue our business operations on those properties.

Fluctuations in our operating results could affect the price of our Common Stock.

Our operating results may vary from period to period for several reasons, including, but not limited to, the following:

 
Ÿ
The overall competitive environment for our products, as described in “We face competition” above.

 
Ÿ
The amount and timing of sales to customers in the U.S. For example, sales of a product may increase or decrease due to pricing changes, fluctuations in distributor buying patterns, or sales initiatives that we may undertake from time to time.

 
Ÿ
Increased COS; R&D and marketing, general and administrative expenses; stock-based compensation expenses; litigation related expenses; asset impairments; and equity securities write-downs.

 
Ÿ
Changes in interest rates, and changes in credit ratings and the liquidity of our interest-bearing investments, and the effects that such changes may have on the value of those investments.

 
Ÿ
Changes in foreign currency exchange rates and the effects that such changes may have on our royalty revenue and foreign currency denominated investments.

 
Ÿ
The amount and timing of our sales to Roche and our other collaborators of products for sale outside the U.S. and the amount and timing of sales to their respective customers, which directly affect both our product sales and royalty revenue.

 
Ÿ
The timing and volume of bulk shipments to licensees.

 
Ÿ
The availability and extent of government and private third-party reimbursements for the cost of therapy.

 
Ÿ
The extent of product discounts extended to customers.

 
Ÿ
The efficacy and safety of our various products as determined both in clinical testing and by the accumulation of additional information on each product after the FDA approves it for sale.

 
Ÿ
The rate of adoption by physicians and the use of our products for approved indications and additional indications. Among other things, the rate of adoption by physicians and the use of our products may be affected by the results of clinical studies reporting on the benefits or risks of a product.

 
Ÿ
The potential introduction of new products and additional indications for existing products.

 
Ÿ
The ability to successfully manufacture sufficient quantities of any particular marketed product.

 
Ÿ
Pricing decisions that we or our competitors have adopted or may adopt, as well as our Avastin Patient Assistance Program.

 
Ÿ
Our distribution strategy, including the termination of, or change in, an existing arrangement with any major wholesalers that supply our products.

 
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Our integration of new information systems could disrupt our internal operations, which could decrease our revenue and increase our expenses.

Portions of our information technology infrastructure may experience interruptions, delays, or cessations of service or produce errors. As part of our enterprise resource planning efforts, we are implementing new information systems, but we may not be successful in implementing all of the new systems, and transitioning data and other aspects of the process could be expensive, time consuming, disruptive, and resource intensive. Any disruptions that may occur in the implementation of new systems or any future systems could adversely affect our ability to report in an accurate and timely manner the results of our consolidated operations, financial position, and cash flows. Disruptions to these systems also could adversely affect our ability to fulfill orders and interrupt other operational processes. Delayed sales, lower margins, or lost customers resulting from these disruptions could adversely affect our financial results.

Our stock price, like that of many biotechnology companies, is volatile.

The market prices for securities of biotechnology companies in general have been highly volatile and may continue to be highly volatile in the future. In addition, the market price of our Common Stock has been and may continue to be volatile.

Among other factors, the following may have a significant effect on the market price of our Common Stock:

 
Ÿ
Announcements of technological innovations or new commercial products by us or our competitors.

 
Ÿ
Publicity regarding actual or potential medical results related to products under development or being commercialized by us or our competitors.

 
Ÿ
Concerns about our pricing initiatives and distribution strategy, and the potential effect of such initiatives and strategy on the utilization of our products or our product sales.

 
Ÿ
Developments or outcomes of litigation, including litigation regarding proprietary and patent rights (including, for example, the Cabilly patent) and governmental investigations.

 
Ÿ
Regulatory developments or delays concerning our products in the U.S. and other countries.

 
Ÿ
Issues concerning the efficacy or safety of our products or of biotechnology products generally.

 
Ÿ
Economic and other external factors or a disaster or crisis.

 
Ÿ
Period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.

 
Ÿ
New proposals to change or reform the U.S. healthcare system, including, but not limited to, new regulations concerning reimbursement or follow-on biologics.

Our effective income tax rate may vary significantly.

Various internal and external factors may have favorable or unfavorable effects on our future effective income tax rate. These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in tax laws, regulations, and/or rates, the results of any tax examinations, changing interpretations of existing tax laws or regulations, changes in estimates of prior years’ items, past and future levels of R&D spending, acquisitions, changes in our corporate structure, and changes in overall levels of income before taxes; all of which may result in periodic revisions to our effective income tax rate.

 
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To pay our indebtedness will require a significant amount of cash and may adversely affect our operations and financial results.

As of December 31, 2007, we had approximately $2.0 billion of long-term debt and $600 million of commercial paper notes payable. Our ability to make payments on or to refinance our indebtedness, and to fund planned capital expenditures, R&D, as well as stock repurchases and expansion efforts will depend on our ability to generate cash in the future. This risk, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory, and other factors that are and will remain beyond our control. Additionally, our indebtedness may increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions, and require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our indebtedness, which would reduce the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, R&D, expansion efforts, and other general corporate purposes, and limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate.

Accounting pronouncements may affect our future financial position and results of operations.

Under Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 46R (FIN 46R), a revision to FIN 46, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, we are required to assess new business development collaborations as well as reassess, upon certain events, some of which are outside our control, the accounting treatment of our existing business development collaborations based on the nature and extent of our variable interests in the entities, as well as the extent of our ability to exercise influence over the entities, with which we have such collaborations. Our continuing compliance with FIN 46R may result in our consolidation of companies or related entities with which we have a collaborative arrangement, and this may have a material effect on our financial condition and/or results of operations in future periods.



None.


Item 2.

Our headquarter facilities are located in a research and industrial area in South San Francisco, California, where we currently occupy 32 owned and 13 leased buildings that house our R&D, marketing and administrative activities, as well as bulk manufacturing facilities, a fill and finish facility, and a warehouse. We have made and will continue to make improvements to these properties to accommodate our growth. We also have a commitment to lease an additional three buildings in South San Francisco, California, which we will occupy beginning in 2008. In addition, we own other properties in South San Francisco for future expansion.

We own a manufacturing facility in Vacaville, California, which is licensed to produce commercial materials for select products. We are expanding our Vacaville site by constructing an additional manufacturing facility adjacent to the existing facility as well as office buildings to support the added manufacturing capacity. We expect qualification and licensure of our new Vacaville plant by the end of 2009.

In June 2005, we acquired a biologics manufacturing facility in Oceanside, California. In 2006, we began manufacturing Avastin bulk product at that plant, and we received FDA licensure in the first half of 2007.

In September 2006, we acquired land in Hillsboro, Oregon for the construction of a new fill/finish, warehousing, distribution and related office facility. We broke ground on the facility in 2006, and we expect completion in 2008 and FDA licensure in early 2010.

 
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We have an agreement with Lonza Group Ltd (Lonza) under which we can elect to purchase Lonza’s manufacturing facility currently under construction in Singapore. Such facility is expected to be licensed for the production of Avastin in 2010.

In May 2007, we acquired land in Dixon, California and began the construction of a research support facility. We expect completion in late 2009.

In June 2007, we began construction of a new E. coli manufacturing facility in Singapore to produce bulk Lucentis for the U.S. market. We anticipate FDA licensure of the site in the first half of 2010.

In connection with our acquisition of Tanox, Inc. in August 2007, we acquired a lease for a manufacturing plant in San Diego, California that has been certified by the FDA for clinical use. We currently plan to sublease that plant.

We also lease additional office facilities as regional offices for sales and marketing and other functions in several locations throughout the U.S.

In general, our existing facilities, owned or leased, are in good condition and are adequate for all present and near-term uses, and we believe that our capital resources are sufficient to purchase, lease, or construct any additional facilities required to meet our long-term growth needs.



We are a party to various legal proceedings, including patent litigation and licensing and contract disputes, and other matters.

On October 4, 2004, we received a subpoena from the U.S. Department of Justice, requesting documents related to the promotion of Rituxan, a prescription treatment now approved for five indications. We are cooperating with the associated investigation, which is both civil and criminal in nature, and through counsel we are having discussions with government representatives about the status of their investigation and Genentech’s views on this matter, including potential resolution of this matter. The government has called, and may continue to call, former and current Genentech employees to appear before a grand jury in connection with this investigation. The outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.

We and the City of Hope National Medical Center (COH) are parties to a 1976 agreement related to work conducted by two COH employees, Arthur Riggs and Keiichi Itakura, and patents that resulted from that work, which are referred to as the “Riggs/Itakura Patents.” Since that time, we have entered into license agreements with various companies to manufacture, use, and sell the products covered by the Riggs/Itakura Patents. On August 13, 1999, the COH filed a complaint against us in the Superior Court in Los Angeles County, California, alleging that we owe royalties to the COH in connection with these license agreements, as well as product license agreements that involve the grant of licenses under the Riggs/Itakura Patents. On June 10, 2002, a jury voted to award the COH approximately $300 million in compensatory damages. On June 24, 2002, a jury voted to award the COH an additional $200 million in punitive damages. Such amounts were accrued as an expense in the second quarter of 2002 and are included in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets in “accrued litigation” at December 31, 2007 and 2006. We filed a notice of appeal of the verdict and damages awards with the California Court of Appeal. On October 21, 2004, the California Court of Appeal affirmed the verdict and damages awards in all respects. On November 22, 2004, the California Court of Appeal modified its opinion without changing the verdict and denied Genentech’s request for rehearing. On November 24, 2004, we filed a petition seeking review by the California Supreme Court. On February 2, 2005, the California Supreme Court granted that petition. The California Supreme Court heard our appeal on this matter on February 5, 2008 and we expect a ruling within 90 days of the hearing date. The amount of cash paid, if any, or the timing of such payment in connection with the COH matter will depend on the outcome of the California Supreme Court’s review of the matter.

 
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We recorded accrued interest and bond costs related to the COH trial judgment of $54 million in both 2007 and 2006. In conjunction with the COH judgment, we posted a surety bond and were required to pledge cash and investments of $788 million at December 31, 2007 and 2006 to secure the bond. These amounts are reflected in “restricted cash and investments” in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. We expect that we will continue to incur interest charges on the judgment and service fees on the surety bond each quarter through the process of appealing the COH trial results. Included within current liabilities in “Accrued litigation” in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2007 is $776 million, which represents our estimate of the costs for the current resolution of the COH matter.

On April 11, 2003, MedImmune, Inc. filed a lawsuit against Genentech, COH, and Celltech R & D Ltd. in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (Los Angeles). The lawsuit relates to U.S. Patent No. 6,331,415 (the Cabilly patent) that we co-own with COH and under which MedImmune and other companies have been licensed and are paying royalties to us. The lawsuit includes claims for violation of antitrust, patent, and unfair competition laws. MedImmune is seeking a ruling that the Cabilly patent is invalid and/or unenforceable, a determination that MedImmune does not owe royalties under the Cabilly patent on sales of its Synagis® antibody product, an injunction to prevent us from enforcing the Cabilly patent, an award of actual and exemplary damages, and other relief. On January 14, 2004 (amending a December 23, 2003 order), the U.S. District Court granted summary judgment in our favor on all of MedImmune’s antitrust and unfair competition claims. On April 23, 2004, the District Court granted our motion to dismiss all remaining claims in the case. On October 18, 2005, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the judgment of the District Court in all respects. MedImmune filed a petition for certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court on November 10, 2005, seeking review of the decision to dismiss certain of its claims. The Supreme Court granted MedImmune’s petition, and the oral argument of this case before the Supreme Court occurred on October 4, 2006. On January 9, 2007, the Supreme Court issued a decision reversing the Federal Circuit’s decision and remanding the case to the lower courts for further proceedings in connection with the patent and contract claims. On August 16, 2007, the U.S. District Court entered a Claim Construction Order defining several terms used in the Cabilly patent. On October 29, 2007, MedImmune filed a motion for partial summary judgment of non-infringement, and in connection with that motion MedImmune conceded that its Synagis product infringes claim 33 of the Cabilly patent. Genentech responded to this motion in part by granting MedImmune, with respect to the Synagis product only, a covenant not to sue for infringement under any claim of the Cabilly patent other than claim 33. Discovery and motion practice are ongoing and the trial of this matter has been scheduled for June 23, 2008. The outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.

On May 13, 2005, a request was filed by a third party for reexamination of the Cabilly patent. The request sought reexamination on the basis of non-statutory double patenting over U.S. Patent No. 4,816,567. On July 7, 2005, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (Patent Office) ordered reexamination of the Cabilly patent. On September 13, 2005, the Patent Office mailed an initial non-final Patent Office action rejecting the claims of the Cabilly patent. We filed our response to the Patent Office action on November 25, 2005. On December 23, 2005, a second request for reexamination of the Cabilly patent was filed by another third party, and on January 23, 2006, the Patent Office granted that request. On June 6, 2006, the two reexaminations were merged into one proceeding. On August 16, 2006, the Patent Office mailed a non-final Patent Office action in the merged proceeding, rejecting the claims of the Cabilly patent based on issues raised in the two reexamination requests. We filed our response to the Patent Office action on October 30, 2006. On February 16, 2007, the Patent Office mailed a final Patent Office action rejecting all 36 claims of the Cabilly patent. We responded to the final Patent Office action on May 21, 2007 and requested continued reexamination. On May 31, 2007, the Patent Office granted the request for continued reexamination, and in doing so withdrew the finality of the February 2007 Patent Office action and agreed to treat our May 21, 2007 filing as a response to a first Patent Office action. On February 25, 2008, we received notification from the Patent Office that a final Office action rejecting claims of the Cabilly patent has been issued and mailed. We intend to file a response to the final Office action and, if necessary, appeal the rejection. The Cabilly patent, which expires in 2018, relates to methods that we and others use to make certain antibodies or antibody fragments, as well as cells and DNA used in these methods. We have licensed the Cabilly patent to other companies and derive significant royalties from those licenses. The claims of the Cabilly patent remain valid and enforceable throughout the reexamination and appeals processes. Because the above-described proceeding is ongoing, the outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.

 
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In 2006, we made development decisions involving our humanized anti-CD20 program, and our collaborator, Biogen Idec, disagreed with certain of our development decisions related to humanized anti-CD20 products. Under our 2003 collaboration agreement with Biogen Idec, we believe that we are permitted under the agreement to proceed with further trials of certain humanized anti-CD20 antibodies, and Biogen Idec disagreed with our position. The disputed issues have been submitted to arbitration. In the arbitration, Biogen Idec filed motions for a preliminary injunction and summary judgment seeking to stop us from proceeding with certain development activities, including planned clinical trials. On April 20, 2007, the arbitration panel denied both Biogen Idec’s motion for a preliminary injunction and Biogen Idec’s motion for summary judgment. Resolution of the arbitration could require that both parties agree to certain development decisions before moving forward with humanized anti-CD20 antibody clinical trials, and possibly clinical trials of other collaboration products, including Rituxan, in which case we may have to alter or cancel planned trials in order to obtain Biogen Idec’s approval. The hearing of this matter is scheduled to begin in June 2008. We expect a final decision within six months of the hearing, unless the parties are able to resolve the matter earlier through settlement discussions or otherwise. The outcome of this matter cannot be determined at this time.

On June 28, 2003, Mr. Ubaldo Bao Martinez filed a lawsuit against Porriño Town Council and Genentech España S.L. in the Contentious Administrative Court Number One of Pontevedra, Spain. The lawsuit challenges the Town Council's decision to grant licenses to Genentech España S.L. for the construction and operation of a warehouse and biopharmaceutical manufacturing facility in Porriño, Spain. On January 21, 2008 the Administrative Court ruled in favor of Mr. Bao on one of the claims in the lawsuit and ordered the closing and demolition of the facility, subject to certain further legal proceedings. On February 12, 2008, we and the Town Council filed appeals of the Administrative Court decision at the High Court in Galicia, Spain. In addition, we are evaluating with legal counsel in Spain whether there may be other administrative remedies available to overcome the Administrative Court’s ruling. We sold the assets of Genentech España S.L., including the Porriño facility, to Lonza Group Ltd. in December 2006, and Lonza has operated the facility since that time. Under the terms of that sale, we retained control of the defense of this lawsuit and agreed to indemnify Lonza against certain contractually defined liabilities up to a specified limit, which is currently estimated to be approximately $100 million. The outcome of this matter, and our indemnification obligation to Lonza, if any, cannot be determined at this time.


Not applicable.

 
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Executive Officers of the Company

The executive officers of the Company and their respective ages (as of December 31, 2007) and positions with the Company are as follows:

Name
Age
 
Position
Arthur D. Levinson, Ph.D.*
 
57 
 
 
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
 
Susan D. Desmond-Hellmann, M.D., M.P.H.*
 
50 
 
 
President, Product Development
 
Ian T. Clark*
 
47 
 
 
Executive Vice President, Commercial Operations
 
David A. Ebersman*
 
38 
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
Stephen G. Juelsgaard, D.V.M., J.D.*
 
59 
 
 
Executive Vice President, Secretary and Chief Compliance Officer
 
Richard H. Scheller, Ph.D.*
 
54 
 
 
Executive Vice President, Research
 
Patrick Y. Yang, Ph.D.*
 
59 
 
 
Executive Vice President, Product Operations
 
Robert E. Andreatta
 
46 
 
 
Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
 
Hal Barron, M.D., F.A.C.C.
 
45 
 
 
Senior Vice President, Development, and Chief Medical Officer
 
________________________
*  Members of the Executive Committee of the Company.

The Board of Directors appoints all executive officers annually. There is no family relationship between or among any of the executive officers or directors.

Business Experience

Arthur D. Levinson, Ph.D. was appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors of Genentech, Inc. in September 1999 and was elected its Chief Executive Officer and a director of the Company in July 1995. Since joining the Company in 1980, Dr. Levinson has been a Senior Scientist, Staff Scientist and the Director of the Company’s Cell Genetics Department. Dr. Levinson was appointed Vice President of Research Technology in April 1989, Vice President of Research in May 1990, Senior Vice President of Research in December 1992, Senior Vice President of Research and Development in March 1993 and President in July 1995. Dr. Levinson also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Apple Computer, Inc. and Google, Inc.

Susan D. Desmond-Hellmann, M.D., M.P.H. was appointed President, Product Development of Genentech in March 2004. She previously served as Executive Vice President, Development and Product Operations from September 1999 to March 2004, Chief Medical Officer from December 1996 to March 2004, and as Senior Vice President, Development from December 1997 to September 1999, among other positions, since joining Genentech in March 1995 as a Clinical Scientist. Prior to joining Genentech, she held the position of Associate Director at Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Ian T. Clark was appointed Executive Vice President, Commercial Operations of Genentech in December 2005. He previously served as Senior Vice President, Commercial Operations of Genentech from August 2005 to December 2005 and joined Genentech as Senior Vice President and General Manager, BioOncology and served in that role from January 2003 through August 2005. Prior to joining Genentech, he served as president for Novartis Canada from 2001 to 2003. Before assuming his post in Canada, he served as chief operating officer for Novartis United Kingdom from 1999 to 2001.

David A. Ebersman was appointed Executive Vice President of Genentech in December 2005 and Chief Financial Officer in March 2005. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President, Finance from January 2005 through March 2005 and Senior Vice President, Product Operations from May 2001 through January 2005. He joined Genentech in

 
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February 1994 as a Business Development Analyst and subsequently served as Manager, Business Development from February 1995 to February 1996, Director, Business Development from February 1996 to March 1998, Senior Director, Product Development from March 1998 to February 1999 and Vice President, Product Development from February 1999 to May 2001. Prior to joining Genentech, he held the position of Research Analyst at Oppenheimer & Company, Inc.

Stephen G. Juelsgaard, D.V.M., J.D. was appointed Chief Compliance Officer of Genentech in June 2005, Executive Vice President in September 2002, and Secretary in April 1997. He joined Genentech in July 1985 as Corporate Counsel and subsequently served as Senior Corporate Counsel from 1988 to 1990, Chief Corporate Counsel from 1990 to 1993, Vice President, Corporate Law from 1993 to 1994, Assistant Secretary from 1994 to 1997, Senior Vice President from 1998 to 2002, and General Counsel from 1994 to January 2007.

Richard H. Scheller, Ph.D. was appointed Executive Vice President, Research of Genentech in September 2003. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President, Research from March 2001 to September 2003. Prior to joining Genentech, he served as Professor of Molecular and Cellular Physiology and of Biological Sciences at Stanford University Medical Center from September 1982 to February 2001 and as an Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute from September 1990 to February 2001. He received his first academic appointment to Stanford University in 1982. He was appointed to the position of Professor of Molecular and Cellular Physiology in 1993 and as an Investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in 1994.

Patrick Y. Yang, Ph.D. was appointed Executive Vice President, Product Operations of Genentech in December 2005. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President, Product Operations from January 2005 through December 2005 and Vice President, South San Francisco Manufacturing and Engineering from December 2003 to January 2005. Prior to joining Genentech, he worked for General Electric from 1980 to 1992 in manufacturing and technology and for Merck & Co. Inc. from 1992 to 2003 in manufacturing. At Merck, he held several executive positions including Vice President, Supply Chain Management from 2001 to 2003 and Vice President, Asia/Pacific Manufacturing Operations from 1997 to 2000.

Robert E. Andreatta, was appointed Controller of Genentech in June 2006 and Chief Accounting Officer in April 2007. Previously at Genentech, he served as Assistant Controller and Senior Director, Corporate Finance from May 2005 to June 2006, Director of Corporate Accounting and Reporting from September 2004 to May 2005, and Director of Collaboration Finance from June 2003 to September 2004. Prior to joining Genentech, he held various officer positions at HopeLink Corporation, a healthcare information technology company, from 2000 to 2003 and was a member of the Board of Directors of HopeLink from 2002 to 2003. Mr. Andreatta worked for KPMG from 1983 to 2000, including service as an audit partner from 1995 to 2000.

Hal Barron, M.D., F.A.C.C. was appointed Senior Vice President, Development in December 2003 and Chief Medical Officer in March 2004. Dr. Barron joined Genentech in 1996 as a Clinical Scientist. During the next several years, he held positions as Associate Director and Director of Cardiovascular Research. In 2001, he was named senior director of Specialty BioTherapeutics. In 2002, Dr. Barron was promoted to Vice President of Medical Affairs.


 
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PART II



See “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Cash Used in or Provided by Financing Activities” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K; Note 1, “Description of Business—Redemption of Our Special Common Stock”; Note 9, “Relationship with Roche Holdings, Inc. and Related Party Transactions”; and Note 11, “Capital Stock,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

Stock Exchange Listing

Our Common Stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “DNA.” No dividends have been paid on the Common Stock. We currently intend to retain all future income for use in the operation of our business and for future stock repurchases and, therefore, do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future.

Common Stockholders

As of December 31, 2007, there were approximately 2,500 stockholders of record of our Common Stock, one of which is Cede & Co., a nominee for Depository Trust Company (DTC). All of the shares of Common Stock held by brokerage firms, banks and other financial institutions as nominees for beneficial owners are deposited into participant accounts at DTC, and are therefore considered to be held of record by Cede & Co. as one stockholder.

Stock Prices

   
Common Stock
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
High
   
Low
   
High
   
Low
 
4th Quarter
  $ 78.61     $ 65.35     $ 86.93     $ 79.65  
3rd Quarter
    80.57       71.43       86.65       76.80  
2nd Quarter
    83.65       72.31       84.72       75.58  
1st Quarter
    89.73       80.12       95.16       81.15  

Stock Repurchases

See “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Cash Used in or Provided by Financing Activities” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of this Form 10-K for information on our stock repurchases.

 
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Performance Graph

Below is a graph showing the cumulative total return to our stockholders during the period from December 31, 2002 through December 31, 2007 in comparison to the cumulative return on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Pharmaceuticals Index, and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Biotechnology Index during that same period.(1) The results assume that $100 was invested on December 31, 2002.

Performance Graph

 
   
Base Period
   
Years Ending
 
   
December
   
December
   
December
   
December
   
December
   
December
 
Company / Index
 
2002
   
2003
   
2004
   
2005
   
2006
   
2007
 
Genentech, Inc
  $ 100     $ 282.18     $ 328.35     $ 557.90     $ 489.32     $ 404.52  
S&P 500 Index
    100       128.68       142.69       149.70       173.34       182.86  
S&P 500 Pharmaceuticals Index
    100       108.78       100.69       97.31       112.74       117.99  
S&P Biotechnology Index
    100       128.86       138.66       164.00       159.50       154.04  
________________________
(1)
The total return on investment (change in year end stock price plus reinvested dividends) assumes $100 invested on December 31, 2002 in our Common Stock, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Pharmaceuticals Index and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Biotechnology Index. At December 31, 2007, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Pharmaceuticals Index comprised Abbott Laboratories; Allergan, Inc.; Barr Pharmaceuticals Inc.; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Forest Laboratories, Inc.; Johnson & Johnson; King Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Merck & Co., Inc.; Mylan Laboratories Inc.; Lilly (Eli) and Company; Pfizer Inc.; Schering-Plough Corporation; Watson Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; and Wyeth. At December 31, 2007, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Biotechnology Index comprised Amgen Inc.; Biogen Idec Inc.; Celgene Corporation; Genzyme Corporation; and Gilead Sciences, Inc.
 
The information under “Performance Graph” is not deemed filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is not to be incorporated by reference in any filing of Genentech under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this 10-K and irrespective of any general incorporation language in those filings.

 
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The following selected consolidated financial information has been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The information below is not necessarily indicative of the results of future operations and should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of this Form 10-K, and the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in Item 8 of this Form 10-K, in order to fully understand factors that may affect the comparability of the information presented below.

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA
(In millions, except per share amounts)

   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
   
2004
   
2003
 
Total operating revenue
  $ 11,724     $ 9,284     $ 6,633     $ 4,621     $ 3,300  
Product sales
    9,443       7,640       5,488       3,749       2,621  
Royalties
    1,984       1,354       935       641       501  
Contract revenue
    297       290       210       231       178  
                                         
Income before cumulative effect of accounting change
  $ 2,769     $ 2,113     $ 1,279     $ 785     $ 610  
Cumulative effect of accounting change, net of tax
                            (47 )(3)
Net income
  $ 2,769  (1)   $ 2,113  (1)   $ 1,279     $ 785     $ 563  (3)
                                         
Basic earnings per share
  $ 2.63     $ 2.01     $ 1.21     $ 0.74     $ 0.54  
Diluted earnings per share
    2.59       1.97       1.18       0.73       0.53  
                                         
Total assets
  $ 18,940     $ 14,842     $ 12,147     $ 9,403  (2)   $ 8,759  (2)
Long-term debt
    2,402  (2)     2,204  (2)     2,083  (2)     412  (2)     412  (2)
Stockholders’ equity
    11,905       9,478       7,470       6,782       6,520  
________________________
 
We have paid no dividends.
 
All per share amounts reflect the two-for-one stock split that was effected in 2004.
 
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
   
(1)
Net income in 2007 and 2006 included employee stock-based compensation costs of $260 million and $182 million, net of tax, respectively, due to our adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payment,” on a modified prospective basis on January 1, 2006. No employee stock-based compensation expense was recognized in reported amounts in any period prior to January 1, 2006. Net income in 2007 also included certain items associated with the acquisition of Tanox, Inc., including the recognition of deferred royalty revenue of $4 million, net of tax, a charge for in-process research and development expense of $77 million, a gain pursuant to Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 04-1 of $73 million, net of tax, and amortization of intangible assets of $17 million, net of tax.
(2)
Long-term debt in 2007, 2006, and 2005 included $2 billion related to our debt issuance in July 2005, and included $399 million in 2007, $216 million in 2006, and $94 million in 2005 in construction financing obligations related to our agreements with Health Care Properties (formerly Slough) and Lonza. Long-term debt in 2005 also reflected the repayment of $425 million to extinguish the consolidated debt and noncontrolling interest of a synthetic lease obligation related to our manufacturing facility located in Vacaville, California. Upon adoption of the Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 46 (FIN 46), “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities,” in 2003, we consolidated the entity from which we lease our manufacturing facility located in Vacaville, California. Accordingly, we included in property, plant and equipment assets with net book values of $326 million at December 31, 2004 and $348 million at December 31, 2003. We also consolidated the entity’s debt of $412 million and noncontrolling interest of $13 million, which amounts are included in long-term debt and litigation-related and other long-term liabilities, respectively, at December 31, 2004 and 2003.
(3)
Net income in 2003 included the receipt of $113 million in pretax litigation settlements with Amgen Inc. and Bayer Inc. Net income in 2003 also reflected our adoption of FIN 46 on July 1, 2003, which resulted in a $47 million charge, net of $32 million in taxes, (or $0.05 per share) as a cumulative effect of an accounting change in 2003.

 
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Overview

The Company

Genentech is a leading biotechnology company that discovers, develops, manufactures, and commercializes pharmaceutical products to treat patients with significant unmet medical needs. We commercialize multiple biotechnology products and also receive royalties from companies that are licensed to market products based on our technology.

Major Developments in 2007

We primarily earn revenue and income, and generate cash from product sales and royalty revenue. Our total operating revenue in 2007 was $11.7 billion, an increase of 26% from $9.28 billion in 2006. Product sales in 2007 were $9.44 billion, an increase of 24% from $7.64 billion in 2006. Product sales represented 81% of our operating revenue in 2007 and 82% in 2006. Royalty revenue was $1.98 billion in 2007, an increase of 47% from $1.35 billion in 2006. Royalty revenue represented 17% of our operating revenue in 2007 and 15% in 2006. Our net income in 2007 was $2.77 billion, an increase of 31% from $2.11 billion in 2006.

In 2007, we announced our goal to add a total of 30 molecules into development during the five-year period from the beginning of 2006 through the end of 2010, an update to our previous goal to add a total of 20 molecules into development from the beginning of 2006 through the end of 2010. In 2007, we added eight new molecular entities to the development pipeline, and removed five new molecules from the development pipeline. We now have 20 new molecules in the development pipeline, most targeting novel mechanisms based on promising biology, and five of these new molecules started Phase II clinical trials during 2007.

During 2007, we entered into a number of major new collaborations giving us access to novel early-stage drug products being developed as potential treatments for various diseases including cancer and cardiovascular disease, including among others the following: (i) a collaboration agreement with Abbott Laboratories for the global research, development, and commercialization of two of Abbott’s investigational anti-cancer, small molecule compounds: ABT-263 and ABT-869. ABT-263 is currently in Phase I clinical trials and we, in collaboration with Abbott, initiated Phase II trials with ABT-869 in solid tumor types in 2007, (ii) an exclusive worldwide license agreement with Seattle Genetics, Inc. for the development and commercialization of a humanized monoclonal antibody currently in Phase I clinical trials for multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), and a Phase II clinical trial for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, (iii) a collaboration with BioInvent to co-develop and commercialize a monoclonal antibody currently in Phase I for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disease, and (iv) a collaboration agreement with Altus to develop, manufacture and commercialize a subcutaneously administered, once-per-week formulation of human growth hormone. The collaboration with Altus was subsequently terminated in 2007.

On February 16, 2007, the Patent Office mailed a final Patent Office action rejecting all 36 claims of the Cabilly patent. We responded to the final Patent Office action on May 21, 2007 and requested continued reexamination. On May 31, 2007, the Patent Office granted the request for continued reexamination, and in doing so withdrew the finality of the February 2007 Patent Office action and agreed to treat our May 21, 2007 filing as a response to a first Patent Office action. On February 25, 2008, we received notification from the Patent Office that a final Office action rejecting claims of the Cabilly patent has been issued and mailed. We intend to file a response to the final Office action and, if necessary, appeal the rejection.

In February 2007, we announced that a Roche-sponsored Phase III study evaluating two different doses of Avastin in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone met the primary endpoint of prolonging progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with previously untreated, advanced non-small

 
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cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study evaluated a 15 mg/kg/every-three-weeks dose of Avastin (the dose approved in the U.S. for use in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel) and a 7.5 mg/kg/every-three-weeks dose of Avastin (a dose not approved for use in the U.S.). Although the study was not designed to compare the Avastin doses, a similar treatment effect in PFS was observed between the two arms.

During the second quarter of 2007, we achieved four manufacturing milestones: (i) we received United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) licensure of our Oceanside, California manufacturing facility to produce bulk Avastin, (ii) we received approval for a new aseptic fill-finish line in South San Francisco, California; (iii) we broke ground on our E. coli production facility in Singapore, and (iv) we achieved mechanical completion of our second manufacturing facility in Vacaville, California, for which we continue to anticipate licensure in 2009.

On August 2, 2007, we acquired 100% of the outstanding shares of Tanox, Inc. for $925 million, plus $8 million in transaction costs. The acquired assets include $202 million of Tanox’s cash and investments, resulting in a net cash and investment outlay of $731 million. Included in our operating results for 2007 are items related to our acquisition of Tanox, including a non-recurring in-process research and development charge of $77 million; a non-recurring gain of $121 million on a pretax basis pursuant to the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue No. 04-1, Accounting for Preexisting Relationships between the Parties to a Business Combination (EITF 04-1); the recognition of $6 million of deferred royalty revenue; and amortization of intangible assets of $28 million. Tanox’s post-acquisition operating results were not material to our consolidated results for 2007. See “Write-off of In-process Research and Development Related to Acquisition” and “Gain on Acquisition” in the “Results of Operations” section for more information on these items.

On August 24, 2007, we resubmitted a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the FDA for Avastin, in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy, for patients with metastatic HER2-negative BC. On February 12, 2008, we announced that AVADO, Roche’s study evaluating two doses of Avastin in first-line metastatic BC, met its primary endpoint of prolonging PFS. Both doses of Avastin in combination with chemotherapy showed statistically significant improvement in the time patients lived without their disease advancing compared to chemotherapy and placebo. On February 22, 2008, we received accelerated approval from the FDA to market Avastin in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy for the treatment of patients who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic HER2-negative BC. As a condition of the accelerated approval, we are required to make future submissions to the FDA, including the final study reports for two Phase III studies, AVADO and RIBBON, which are ongoing studies of Avastin in metastatic HER2-negative BC. Based on the FDA’s review of our future submissions, the FDA may decide to withdraw or modify such approval, request additional post-marketing studies, or grant full approval.

Our Strategy and Goals

As announced in 2006, our business objectives for the years 2006 through 2010 include bringing at least 20 new molecules into clinical development, bringing at least 15 major new products or indications onto the market, becoming the number one U.S. oncology company in sales, and achieving certain financial growth measures. These objectives are reflected in our revised Horizon 2010 strategy and goals summarized on our website at www.gene.com/gene/about/corporate/growthstrategy.

Economic and Industry-wide Factors

Our strategy and goals are challenged by economic and industry-wide factors that affect our business. Key factors that affect our future growth are discussed below:

 
Ÿ
We face significant competition in the diseases of interest to us from pharmaceutical companies and biotechnology companies. The introduction of new competitive products or follow-on biologics, and/or new information about existing products, and/or pricing decisions by us or our competitors, may result in lost market share for us, reduced utilization of our products, lower prices, and/or reduced product sales, even for products protected by patents.

 
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Ÿ
Our long-term business growth depends upon our ability to continue to successfully develop and commercialize important novel therapeutics to treat unmet medical needs, such as cancer. We recognize that the successful development of pharmaceutical products is highly difficult and uncertain, and that it will be challenging for us to continue to discover and develop innovative treatments. Our business requires significant investment in research and development (R&D) over many years, often for products that fail during the R&D process. Once a product receives FDA approval, it remains subject to ongoing FDA regulation, including changes to the product label, new or revised regulatory requirements for manufacturing practices, written advisement to physicians, and/or product recalls or withdrawals.

 
Ÿ
Our business model requires appropriate pricing and reimbursement for our products to offset the costs and risks of drug development. The pricing and distribution of our products have received negative press coverage and public and governmental scrutiny. We will continue to meet with patient groups, payers, and other stakeholders in the healthcare system to understand their issues and concerns. The reimbursement environment for our products may change in the future and become more challenging.

 
Ÿ
As the Medicare and Medicaid programs are the largest payers for our products, rules related to coverage and reimbursement continue to represent an important issue for our business. New regulations related to hospital and physician payment continue to be implemented annually. To date, we have not seen any detectable effects of the new rules on our product sales. As a result of the Deficit Reduction Act, new regulations became effective in the fourth quarter of 2007 that will affect the discounted price for our products paid by Medicaid and government-affiliated customers.

 
Ÿ
Intellectual property protection of our products is crucial to our business. Loss of effective intellectual property protection could result in lost sales to competing products, loss of royalty payments (for example, royalty income associated with the Cabilly patent) from licensees, and may negatively affect our sales, royalty revenue, and operating results. We are often involved in disputes over contracts and intellectual property, and we work to resolve these disputes in confidential negotiations or litigation. We expect legal challenges in this area to continue. We plan to continue to build upon and defend our intellectual property position.

 
Ÿ
Manufacturing pharmaceutical products is difficult and complex, and requires facilities specifically designed and validated to run biotechnology production processes. Difficulties or delays in product manufacturing or in obtaining materials from our suppliers, or difficulties in accurately forecasting manufacturing capacity needs or complying with regulatory requirements, could negatively affect our business. Additionally, we may have an excess of available capacity, which could lead to an idling of a portion of our manufacturing facilities and incurring unabsorbed or idle plant charges, or other excess capacity charges, resulting in an increase in our cost of sales (COS).

 
Ÿ
Our ability to attract and retain highly qualified and talented people in all areas of the company, and our ability to maintain our unique culture, will be critical to our success over the long-term. We are working diligently across the company to make sure that we successfully hire, train, and integrate new employees into the Genentech culture and environment.

Critical Accounting Policies and the Use of Estimates

The accompanying discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our Consolidated Financial Statements and the related disclosures, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The preparation of these Consolidated Financial Statements requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. These estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, and we have established internal controls related to the preparation of these estimates. Actual results and the timing of the results could differ materially from these estimates.

 
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We believe the following policies to be critical to understanding our financial condition, results of operations, and expectations for 2008, because these policies require management to make significant estimates, assumptions, and judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain.

Contingencies

We are currently, and have been, involved in certain legal proceedings, including patent infringement litigation. We are also involved in licensing and contract disputes, and other matters. See Note 8, “Leases, Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information on these matters. We assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes for these legal matters as well as potential ranges of probable losses. We record an estimated loss as a charge to income if we determine that, based on information available at the time, the loss is probable and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. The nature of these matters is highly uncertain and subject to change; as a result, the amount of our liability for certain of these matters could exceed or be less than the amount of our current estimates, depending on the final outcome of these matters. The outcomes of such matters that are different from our current estimates could have a material effect on our financial position or our results of operations in any one quarter. Included within current liabilities in “Accrued litigation” in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2007 is $776 million, which represents our estimate of the costs for the current resolution of the City of Hope National Medical Center (COH) matter. The California Supreme Court heard our appeal on this matter on February 5, 2008 and we expect a ruling within 90 days of the hearing date. Therefore, we expect that we will continue to incur interest charges on the judgment and service fees on the surety bond up to the second quarter of 2008. The amount of cash paid, if any, or the timing of such payment in connection with the COH matter will depend on the outcome of the California Supreme Court’s decision.

Revenue Recognition–Avastin U.S. Product Sales and Patient Assistance Program

In February 2007, we launched the Avastin Patient Assistance Program, which is a voluntary program that enables eligible patients who have received 10,000 milligrams of Avastin in a 12-month period to receive free Avastin in excess of the 10,000 milligrams during the remainder of the 12-month period. Based on the current wholesale acquisition cost, the 10,000 milligrams is valued at $55,000 in gross revenue. Eligible patients include those who are being treated for an FDA-approved indication and who meet the household income criteria for this program. The program is available for eligible patients who enroll, regardless of whether they are insured. We defer a portion of our gross Avastin product sales revenue to reflect our estimate of the commitment to supply free Avastin to patients who elect to enroll in the program.

In order to make our estimate of the amount of free Avastin to be provided to patients under the program, we need to estimate several factors, most notably: the number of patients who are currently being treated for FDA-approved indications and the start date for their treatment regimen, the extent to which doctors and patients may elect to enroll in the program, the number of patients who will meet the financial eligibility requirements of the program, and the duration and extent of treatment for the FDA-approved indications, among other factors. We have based our enrollment assumptions on physician surveys and other information that we consider relevant. We will continue to update our estimates in each reporting period as new information becomes available. If the actual results underlying this deferred revenue accounting vary significantly from our estimates, we will need to make adjustments to these estimates, which could have a material effect on revenue and earnings in the period of adjustment. Based on these estimates, we defer a portion of Avastin revenue on product vials sold through normal commercial channels. The deferred revenue will be recognized when free Avastin vials are delivered. As enrollment in the program was lower than expected in 2007, we did not defer any gross Avastin product sales during the second half of 2007. Further, we recorded a net decrease in deferred revenue, and a corresponding net increase to Avastin U.S. product sales, of $7 million for the full year 2007, resulting in a remaining deferred revenue liability in connection with the Avastin Patient Assistance Program of $2 million in our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2007. Usage of the Avastin Patient Assistance Program may increase with the approval of Avastin for the treatment of metastatic HER2-negative BC. As we continue to evaluate the amount of revenue to defer related to the Avastin Patient Assistance

 
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Program, we may recognize previously deferred revenue in Avastin U.S. product sales in future periods or we may increase the amount of revenue deferred.

Product Sales Allowances

Revenue from U.S. product sales is recorded net of allowances and accruals for rebates, healthcare provider contractual chargebacks, prompt-pay sales discounts, product returns, and wholesaler inventory management allowances, all of which are established at the time of sale. Sales allowances and accruals are based on estimates of the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales. The amounts reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Income as product sales allowances have been relatively consistent at approximately six to eight percent of gross sales. In order to prepare our Consolidated Financial Statements, we are required to make estimates regarding the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related product sales.

Definitions for the product sales allowance types are as follows:

 
Ÿ
Rebate allowances and accruals include both direct and indirect rebates. Direct rebates are contractual price adjustments payable to direct customers, mainly to wholesalers and specialty pharmacies that purchase products directly from us. Indirect rebates are contractual price adjustments payable to healthcare providers and organizations such as clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, Medicaid, and group purchasing organizations that do not purchase products directly from us;

 
Ÿ
Prompt-pay sales discounts are credits granted to wholesalers for remitting payment on their purchases within established cash payment incentive periods;

 
Ÿ
Product return allowances are established in accordance with our Product Returns Policy. Our returns policy allows product returns within the period beginning two months prior to and six months following product expiration;

 
Ÿ
Wholesaler inventory management allowances are credits granted to wholesalers for compliance with various contractually defined inventory management programs. These programs were created to align purchases with underlying demand for our products and to maintain consistent inventory levels, typically at two to three weeks of sales depending on the product; and

 
Ÿ
Healthcare provider contractual chargebacks are the result of contractual commitments by us to provide products to healthcare providers at specified prices or discounts.

We believe that our estimates related to product returns allowances and wholesaler inventory management payments are not material amounts, based on the historical levels of credits and allowances as a percentage of product sales. We believe that our estimates related to healthcare provider contractual chargebacks and prompt-pay sales discounts do not have a high degree of estimation complexity or uncertainty, as the related amounts are settled within a short period of time. We consider rebate allowances and accruals to be the only estimations that involve material amounts and require a higher degree of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for the rebate allowances or accruals. As a result of the uncertainties involved in estimating rebate allowances and accruals, there is a possibility that materially different amounts could be reported under different conditions or using different assumptions.

Our rebates are based on definitive agreements or legal requirements (such as Medicaid). These rebates are primarily estimated using historical and other data, including patient usage, customer buying patterns, applicable contractual rebate rates, and contract performance by the benefit providers. Direct rebates are accrued at the time of sale and recorded as allowances against trade accounts receivable; indirect (including Medicaid) rebates are accrued at the time of sale and recorded as liabilities. Rebate estimates are evaluated quarterly and may require changes to better align our estimates with actual results. As part of this evaluation, we review changes to Medicaid legislation, changes to state rebate contracts, changes in the level of discounts, and significant changes in product sales trends. Although rebates are accrued at the time of sale, rebates are typically paid out, on average, up to six months after the sale. We believe that our rebate allowances and accruals estimation process provides a high degree of confidence in the annual

 
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allowance amounts established. Based on our estimation, the changes in rebate allowances and accruals estimates related to prior years have not exceeded 3%. To further illustrate our sensitivity to changes in the rebate allowances and accruals process, as much as a 10% change in our rebate allowances and accruals provision in 2007 (which is in excess of three times the level of variability that we reasonably expect to observe for rebates) would have an approximate $19 million effect on our income before taxes (or approximately $0.01 per share after taxes). The total rebate allowances and accruals recorded in our Consolidated Balance Sheets were $70 million as of December 31, 2007 and $53 million as of December 31, 2006.

All of the aforementioned categories of allowances and accruals are evaluated quarterly and adjusted when trends or significant events indicate that a change in estimate is appropriate. Such changes in estimate could materially affect our results of operations or financial position; however, to date they have not been material. It is possible that we may need to adjust our estimates in future periods. Our Consolidated Balance Sheets reflected estimated product sales allowance reserves and accruals totaling approximately $176 million as of December 31, 2007 and approximately $139 million as of December 31, 2006.

Royalties

For substantially all of our agreements with licensees, we estimate royalty revenue and royalty receivables in the period the royalties are earned, which is in advance of collection. Our estimates of royalty revenue and receivables in those instances are based on communication with some licensees, historical information, forecasted sales trends, and collectibility. Differences between actual royalty revenue and estimated royalty revenue are adjusted for in the period in which they become known, typically the following quarter. If the collectibility of a royalty amount is doubtful, royalty revenue is not accrued for in advance of payment, but recognized as cash is received. In the case of a receivable related to previously recognized royalty revenue that is subsequently determined to be uncollectible, the receivable is reserved for in the period in which the circumstances that make collectibility doubtful are determined, and future royalties from the licensee are recognized on a cash basis until it is determined that collectibility is reasonably assured. Historically, adjustments to our royalty receivables have not been material to our consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

We have confidential licensing agreements with a number of companies on U.S. Patent No. 6,331,415 (the Cabilly patent), under which we receive royalty revenue on sales of products that are covered by the patent. The Cabilly patent, which expires in 2018, relates to methods that we and others use to make certain antibodies or antibody fragments, as well as cells and DNA used in those methods. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (Patent Office) is performing a reexamination of the patent and on February 16, 2007 issued a final Patent Office action rejecting all 36 claims of the Cabilly patent. We responded to the final Patent Office action on May 21, 2007 and requested continued reexamination. On May 31, 2007, the Patent Office granted the request for continued reexamination, and in so doing withdrew the finality of the February 2007 Patent Office action and agreed to treat our May 21, 2007 filing as a response to a first Patent Office action. On February 25, 2008, we received notification from the Patent Office that a final Office action rejecting claims of the Cabilly patent has been issued and mailed. We intend to file a response to the final Office action and, if necessary, appeal the rejection. The claims of the patent remain valid and enforceable throughout the reexamination and appeals processes. In addition, MedImmune, Inc. has filed a lawsuit against us challenging the Cabilly patent. See also Note 8, “Leases, Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information on our Cabilly patent reexamination and the MedImmune lawsuit.

Cabilly patent royalties are generally due 60 days after the end of the quarter. Additionally, we pay COH a percentage of our Cabilly patent royalty revenue 60 days after the quarter in which we receive payments from our licensees. As of December 31, 2007, our Consolidated Balance Sheet included Cabilly patent receivables totaling approximately $68 million and the related COH payable totaling approximately $26 million.

Income Taxes

Income tax provision is based on income before taxes and is computed using the liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using tax rates projected to be in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.

 
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Significant estimates are required in determining our provision for income taxes. Some of these estimates are based on interpretations of existing tax laws or regulations, or the findings or expected results from any tax examinations. Various internal and external factors may have favorable or unfavorable effects on our future effective income tax rate. These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in tax laws, regulations and/or rates, the results of any tax examinations, changing interpretations of existing tax laws or regulations, changes in estimates of prior years’ items, past and future levels of R&D spending, acquisitions, changes in our corporate structure, and changes in overall levels of income before taxes; all of which may result in periodic revisions to our effective income tax rate.

On January 1, 2007, we adopted the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (FIN 48). As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we evaluated our income tax position and reclassified $147 million of unrecognized tax benefits from current liabilities to long-term liabilities as of January 1, 2007, and we also reclassified the balance as of December 31, 2006, for consistency, in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Inventories

Inventories may include currently marketed products manufactured under a new process or at facilities awaiting regulatory licensure. These inventories are capitalized based on management’s judgment of probable near-term regulatory licensure. Excess or idle capacity costs, based on estimated plant capabilities, are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. The valuation of inventory requires us to estimate the value of inventory that may expire prior to use or that may fail to be released for commercial sale. The determination of obsolete inventory requires us to estimate the future demands for our products, and in the case of pre-approval inventories, to estimate the regulatory approval date for the product or for the licensure of either the manufacturing facility or the new manufacturing process. We may be required to expense previously capitalized inventory costs upon a change in our estimate, due to, among other potential factors, the denial or delay of approval of a product or the licensure of either a manufacturing facility or a new manufacturing process by the necessary regulatory bodies, or new information that suggests that the inventory will not be saleable.

Valuation of Acquired Intangible Assets

We have acquired intangible assets in connection with our acquisition of Tanox. These intangible assets consist of developed product technology and core technologies associated with intellectual property and rights thereon, primarily related to the Xolair molecule, and assets related to the fair value write-up of Tanox’s royalty contracts, as well as goodwill. When significant identifiable intangible assets are acquired, we determine the fair values of these assets as of the acquisition date using valuation techniques such as discounted cash flow models. These models require the use of significant estimates and assumptions including but not limited to determining the timing and expected costs to complete the in-process projects, projecting regulatory approvals, estimating future cash flows from product sales resulting from completed products and in-process projects, and developing appropriate discount rates and probability rates by project.

We believe that the fair values assigned to the intangible assets acquired are based on reasonable estimates and assumptions, given the available facts and circumstances as of the acquisition date. However, we may record adjustments to goodwill resulting from our acquisition of Tanox for the resolution of pre-acquisition contingencies, our restructuring activities, tax matters, and other estimates related to the acquisition. Further, we will have to continually evaluate whether any or all intangible assets valued have been impaired.

Employee Stock-Based Compensation

Under the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment (FAS 123R), employee stock-based compensation is estimated at the date of grant based on the employee stock award’s fair value using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and is recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service period in a manner similar to other forms of compensation paid to employees. The Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the use of certain subjective assumptions. The most significant of these assumptions are our estimates of the expected volatility of the market price of our stock and the expected term of the award. Due to the redemption of our Special Common Stock in June 1999 (Redemption) by RHI, there is limited historical

 
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information available to support our estimate of certain assumptions required to value our stock options. When establishing an estimate of the expected term of an award, we consider the vesting period for the award, our recent historical experience of employee stock option exercises (including forfeitures), the expected volatility, and a comparison to relevant peer group data. As required under the accounting rules, we review our valuation assumptions at each grant date, and, as a result, our valuation assumptions used to value employee stock-based awards granted in future periods may change. See also Note 3, “Employee Stock-Based Compensation,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information.

Results of Operations
(In millions, except per share amounts)

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Product sales
  $ 9,443     $ 7,640     $ 5,488       24 %     39 %
Royalties
    1,984       1,354       935       47       45  
Contract revenue
    297       290       210       2       38  
Total operating revenue
    11,724       9,284       6,633       26       40  
Cost of sales
    1,571       1,181       1,011       33       17  
Research and development
    2,446       1,773       1,262       38       40  
Marketing, general and administrative
    2,256       2,014       1,435       12       40  
Collaboration profit sharing
    1,080       1,005       823       7       22  
Write-off of in-process research and development related to acquisition
    77                          
Gain on acquisition
    (121 )                        
Recurring charges related to redemption and acquisition
    132       105       123       26       (15 )
Special items: litigation-related
    54       54       58       0       (7 )
Total costs and expenses
    7,495       6,132       4,712       22       30  
                                         
Operating income
    4,229       3,152       1,921       34       64  
                                         
Other income (expense):
                                       
Interest and other income (expense), net
    273       325       142       (16 )     129  
Interest expense
    (76 )     (74 )     (50 )     3       48  
Total other income, net
    197       251       92       (22 )     173  
                                         
Income before taxes
    4,426       3,403       2,013       30       69  
Income tax provision
    1,657       1,290       734       28       76  
Net income
  $ 2,769     $ 2,113     $ 1,279       31       65  
Earnings per share:
                                       
Basic
  $ 2.63     $ 2.01     $ 1.21       31       66  
Diluted
  $ 2.59     $ 1.97     $ 1.18       31       67  
                                         
Cost of sales as a % of product sales
    17 %     15 %     18 %                
Research and development as a % of total operating revenue
    21       19       19                  
Marketing, general and administrative as a % of total operating revenue
    19       22       22                  
Pretax operating margin
    36       34       29                  
Net income as a % of total operating revenue
    24       23       19                  
Effective income tax rate
    37       38       36                  
________________________
Percentages in this table and throughout our discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations may reflect rounding adjustments.

 
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Total Operating Revenue

Total operating revenue increased 26% to $11,724 million in 2007 and increased 40% to $9,284 million in 2006. These increases were primarily due to higher product sales and royalty revenue, and are further discussed below.

Total Product Sales
(In millions)

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
Product Sales
 
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Net U.S. product sales
                                 
Avastin
  $ 2,296     $ 1,746     $ 1,133       32 %     54 %
Rituxan
    2,285       2,071       1,832       10       13  
Herceptin
    1,287       1,234       747       4       65  
Lucentis
    815       380             114       *  
Xolair
    472       425       320       11       33  
Tarceva
    417       402       275       4       46  
Nutropin products
    371       378       370       (2 )     2  
Thrombolytics
    268       243       218       10       11  
Pulmozyme
    223       199       186       12       7  
Raptiva
    107       90       79       19       14  
Total U.S. product sales
    8,540       7,169       5,162       19       39  
Net product sales to collaborators
    903       471       326       92       44  
Total product sales
  $ 9,443     $ 7,640     $ 5,488       24       39  
________________________
*
Calculation not meaningful.
 
The totals shown above may not appear to sum due to rounding.

Total net product sales increased 24% to $9,443 million in 2007 and increased 39% to $7,640 million in 2006. Net U.S. sales increased 19% to $8,540 million in 2007 and increased 39% to $7,169 million in 2006. These increases in U.S. sales were due to higher sales across almost all products, in particular higher sales of our oncology products and sales resulting from the approval of Lucentis on June 30, 2006. Increased U.S. sales volume accounted for 83%, or $1,136 million, of the increase in U.S. net product sales in 2007, and 89%, or $1,785 million in 2006. Changes in net U.S. sales prices across the majority of products in the portfolio accounted for most of the remainder of the increases in U.S. net product sales in 2007 and 2006.

Our references below to market adoption and penetration, as well as patient share, are derived from our analyses of market tracking studies and surveys that we undertake with physicians. We consider these tracking studies and surveys indicative of trends and information with respect to our direct customers’ buying patterns. We use statistical analyses to extrapolate the data that we obtain, and as such, the adoption, penetration, and patient share data presented herein represents estimates. Limitations in sample size and the timeliness in receiving and analyzing this data result in inherent margins of error; thus, where presented, we have rounded our percentage estimates to the nearest 5%.

Avastin

Net U.S. sales of Avastin increased 32% to $2,296 million in 2007 and 54% to $1,746 million in 2006. Net U.S. sales in 2007 included the net recognition of $7 million of previously deferred revenue, mostly due to lower than expected enrollment in our Avastin Patient Assistance Program. The increase in sales in 2007 was primarily a result of increased use of Avastin in first-line metastatic NSCLC, approved on October 11, 2006, and in metastatic BC, an unapproved use of Avastin during 2007.

 
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Among first-line metastatic NSCLC patients, we estimate that Avastin penetration was approximately 35% in the fourth quarter of 2007. Among the approximately 50%-60% of patients in first-line metastatic lung cancer who are eligible for Avastin therapy, we estimate that penetration was approximately 60%. With respect to dose, use of the 15mg/kg/every-three-weeks dose during the fourth quarter of 2007 remained stable relative to the third quarter of 2007 at approximately 60%-65%. We expect dose in metastatic NSCLC to continue to be a source of uncertainty for Avastin. The Roche-sponsored BO17704 study, which was presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology in June 2007, evaluated a 15mg/kg/every-three-weeks dose of Avastin (the dose approved in the U.S. for use in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel) and a 7.5mg/kg/every-three-weeks dose of Avastin (a dose not approved for use in the U.S.) in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated, advanced NSCLC. Both doses met the primary endpoint of prolonging PFS compared to chemotherapy alone. Although the study was not designed to compare the Avastin doses, a similar treatment effect in PFS was observed between the two arms. We also expect overall survival data from the BO17704 study during the first half of 2008. Depending on these results, additional physicians may adopt Avastin at the lower dose of 7.5mg/kg/every-three-weeks.

In first-line metastatic CRC, penetration in the fourth quarter of 2007 was in line with penetration in the fourth quarter of 2006. In second-line CRC, we estimate that Avastin penetration in the fourth quarter of 2007 was consistent with that seen in the fourth quarter of 2006. Increased competition in second-line CRC negatively affected Avastin use in the first half of 2007 but use in CRC has since returned to fourth quarter 2006 levels.

In first-line metastatic BC patients, Avastin adoption in the fourth quarter of 2007 was approximately 25%. Avastin use in this setting has been supported by favorable reimbursement, which is partially due to its Compendia listing. On February 12, 2008, we announced that AVADO, Roche’s study evaluating two doses of Avastin in first-line metastatic BC, met its primary endpoint of prolonging PFS. Both doses of Avastin in combination with chemotherapy showed statistically significant improvement in the time patients lived without their disease advancing compared to chemotherapy and placebo, although the study was not designed to compare the Avastin doses. The FDA notified us on February 22, 2008 that Avastin received accelerated approval for use in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy, for patients who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic HER2-negative BC. We anticipate increased use of Avastin in breast cancer as a result of this favorable decision.

The increase in sales in 2006 was primarily a result of increased use of Avastin in metastatic NSCLC and metastatic BC, an unapproved use of Avastin during 2006. In addition, the increase reflected modest gains in the treatment of first-line metastatic CRC. These increases were partially offset by declining revenue in metastatic renal cell carcinoma and metastatic pancreatic cancer, which are both unapproved uses.

Rituxan

Net U.S. sales of Rituxan increased 10% to $2,285 million in 2007 and 13% to $2,071 million in 2006. Sales growth in 2007 and 2006 resulted from increased use of Rituxan in the oncology setting and in the rheumatoid arthritis setting, and from price increases in both years.

In the oncology setting, the increases came from Rituxan’s use following chemotherapy in indolent NHL, including areas of unapproved use, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), an unapproved use. We estimate that Rituxan’s overall adoption rate in combined markets of NHL and CLL increased slightly to approximately 85% at the end of 2007 from approximately 80% at the end of 2006.

Primary drivers of growth in the rheumatoid arthritis setting were increased new patient starts, increased total numbers of prescribers to an estimated 80% of targeted rheumatologists, and a retreatment interval averaging between six and seven months. It remains difficult to precisely determine the sales split between Rituxan use in oncology and immunology settings since many treatment centers treat both types of patients, but we estimate that sales in the immunology setting represented approximately 11% of total Rituxan sales for 2007.

 
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On January 25, 2008, the FDA approved our sBLA to expand the label for Rituxan to include slowing the progression of structural damage in adult patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis who have failed anti- tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapies. In January 2008, results from Rituxan Phase III SUNRISE trial met its primary endpoint. This study was a controlled retreatment study for patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response to previous treatment with one or more TNF antagonist therapies. A preliminary review of the safety data revealed no new safety signals. On January 24, 2008 we announced that the SERENE Phase III clinical study of Rituxan in patients who have not been previously treated with a biotherapeutic met its primary endpoint of a significantly greater proportion of Rituxan-treated patients achieving an American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response at week 24, compared to placebo. In this study, patients who received a single treatment course of two infusions of either 500 mg or 1,000 mg of Rituxan in combination with a stable dose of methotrexate displayed a statistically significant improvement in ACR20 scores compared to patients who received placebo in combination with methotrexate. Although the study was not designed to compare the Rituxan doses, treatment efficacy appears to be similar between both Rituxan doses.

Herceptin

Net U.S. sales of Herceptin increased 4% to $1,287 million in 2007 and 65% to $1,234 million in 2006. The sales growth in 2007 and 2006 was due to price increases that occurred from 2005 through 2007, and increased use of Herceptin in the treatment of early-stage HER2-positive BC (approved on November 16, 2006). We estimate Herceptin’s penetration in the adjuvant setting was approximately 75% at the end of 2007. In first-line HER2-positive metastatic BC patients, we estimate Herceptin’s penetration remained flat at approximately 70% from the end of 2006.

On January 18, 2008, the FDA expanded the Herceptin label, based on the HERA study, for the treatment of patients with early-stage HER2-positive BC to include treatment for patients with node-negative BC. Herceptin also may now be administered for one year in an every-three-week dosing schedule, instead of weekly.

Lucentis

Lucentis was approved by the FDA for the treatment of neovascular (wet) AMD on June 30, 2006. Net U.S. sales of Lucentis increased 114% to $815 million in 2007 from $380 million in 2006, and sales in the fourth quarter of 2007 decreased 9% to $197 million from the comparable period in 2006. We believe that approximately 50% of newly diagnosed patients were treated with Lucentis during the fourth quarter of 2007, which was flat compared to the third quarter of 2007, and a decrease from 55% in the fourth quarter of 2006. We believe that the main factors affecting Lucentis sales in 2007 were the continued unapproved use of Avastin and reimbursement concerns from retinal specialists. Lucentis received a permanent J-code classification from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in January 2008, which we believe may address some of the reimbursement concerns. In October 2007 we announced that we planned to no longer allow compounding pharmacies the ability to purchase Avastin directly from wholesale distributors, and this change in distribution was made effective on January 1, 2008. However, physicians can purchase Avastin from authorized distributors and ship to the destination of the physicians’ choice.

The unapproved use of Avastin and the change in distribution for Avastin, as well as reimbursement concerns have created a difficult environment for the promotion of Lucentis and the building of relationships with retinal specialtists. We expect these factors to persist and limit Lucentis sales growth.

Xolair

Net U.S. sales of Xolair increased 11% to $472 million in 2007 and 33% to $425 million in 2006. Sales growth in 2007 and 2006 was driven by increased penetration in the asthma market and, to a lesser extent, price increases effective between 2005 and 2007. At the FDA’s request, we and Novartis, our co-promotion collaborator, updated the Xolair product label in June 2007 with a boxed warning regarding the risk of anaphylaxis in patients receiving Xolair. We believe that this update had a minimal effect on sales of Xolair in 2007. Genentech is working with the FDA to finalize a Risk Minimization Action Plan that emphasizes the incidence of anaphylaxis and instructs

 
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physicians that patients should be closely observed for an appropriate period of time after Xolair administration.

Tarceva

Net U.S. sales of Tarceva increased 4% to $417 million in 2007 and 46% to $402 million in 2006. Sales in 2007 were positively affected by price increases during 2007 and 2006. These increases, however, were partially offset by product returns and return reserve requirements (which were higher than expected in the second and third quarters of 2007) and by modest decreases in volume in 2007. We estimate that Tarceva’s penetration in second-line NSCLC was 30% in 2007, which was stable compared to 2006. In the first-line pancreatic cancer setting, we estimate that Tarceva’s penetration was 40% in 2007, which was stable compared to 2006.

The increase in product sales in 2006 was due to price increases in 2006 and 2005, and growth in penetration and duration of treatment in both second-line NSCLC and first-line pancreatic cancer.

Nutropin Products

Combined net U.S. sales of our Nutropin products decreased 2% to $371 million in 2007 and increased 2% to $378 million in 2006. Sales in 2007 and 2006 were positively affected by price increases in 2005 through 2007. However, decreases in sales volume resulting from increased managed care contracting and increased competitive activity offset the price increase in 2007 and partially offset the price increase in 2006.

Thrombolytics

Combined net U.S. sales of our three thrombolytics products—Activase, Cathflo Activase, and TNKase—increased 10% to $268 million in 2007 and 11% to $243 million in 2006. Sales growth in 2007 and 2006 was due to growth in Cathflo Activase sales in the catheter clearance market and increased Activase sales in the acute ischemic stroke market. Also contributing to the increases in product sales for 2007 and 2006 were price increases in 2005 through 2007.

Pulmozyme

Net U.S. sales of Pulmozyme increased 12% to $223 million in 2007 and 7% to $199 million in 2006. The sales growth in both 2007 and 2006 reflects price increases in 2005 through 2007, as well as a focus on earlier, more aggressive treatment of cystic fibrosis.

Raptiva

Net U.S. sales of Raptiva increased 19% to $107 million in 2007 and 14% to $90 million in 2006. The majority of growth in 2007 and 2006 was due to price increases in 2005 through 2007 and more favorable sales allowance in 2007.

Sales to Collaborators

Product sales to collaborators, the majority of which were for non-U.S. markets, increased 92% to $903 million in 2007 and 44% to $471 million in 2006. The increase in 2007 was primarily due to more favorable Herceptin pricing terms that were part of the supply agreement with Roche signed in the third quarter of 2006 and increased sales volume of Avastin and Herceptin. The favorable Roche Herceptin pricing terms will continue through the end of 2008. The increase in 2006 was primarily due to higher sales of Herceptin, Avastin, and Rituxan to Roche.

Royalties

Royalty revenue increased 47% to $1,984 million in 2007 and 45% to $1,354 million in 2006. The increases were due to higher sales by Roche of Herceptin, Avastin, and Rituxan in 2007 and 2006, and higher sales by various other licensees. The increase in 2007 was also due to sales of Lucentis by Novartis and an acceleration of royalties during

 
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2007, as discussed below. Royalties from other licensees include royalty revenue on our patents, including our Cabilly patents noted below. Of the overall royalties recognized, royalty revenue from Roche represented approximately 61% in 2007, 62% in 2006, and 53% in 2005.

In June 2007, we entered into a transaction with an existing licensee to license from them the right to co-develop and commercialize certain molecules. In exchange, we released the licensee from its obligation to make certain royalty payments to us that would have otherwise been owed between January 2007 and June 2010, and that period may be extended contingent upon certain events as defined in the agreement. We estimate that the fair value of the royalty revenue owed to us over the three-and-a-half-year period, less any amount recognized in the first quarter of 2007, was approximately $65 million, and this amount was recognized as royalty revenue in the second quarter of 2007. We also recognized a similar amount as R&D expense for the purchase of the new license, and thus the net earnings per share (EPS) effect of entering into this new collaboration was not significant in 2007.

We have confidential licensing agreements with a number of companies on the Cabilly patent, under which we receive royalty revenue on sales of products covered by the patent. The Cabilly patent expires in December 2018, but is the subject of an ongoing reexamination and likely appeals process, and the MedImmune litigation. The net pretax contributions related to the Cabilly patent were as follows (in millions, except per share amounts):

   
2007
 
Royalty revenue
  $ 256  
         
Gross expenses(1)
  $ 123  
         
Net of tax effect of Cabilly patent on diluted EPS
  $ 0.08  
______________________
(1)
Gross expenses include COH’s share of royalty revenue and royalty COS on our U.S. product sales.

See also Note 8, “Leases, Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for more information on our Cabilly patent reexamination and the MedImmune lawsuit related to the Cabilly patent.

Cash flows from royalty income include revenue denominated in foreign currencies. We currently enter into foreign currency option contracts (options) and forwards to hedge a portion of these foreign currency cash flows. These options and forwards are due to expire between 2008 and 2009. See also Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” and Note 4, “Investment Securities and Financial Instruments—Derivative Financial Instruments,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

Royalties are difficult to forecast because of the number of products involved, potential licensing and intellectual property disputes, and the volatility of foreign currency exchange rates. For 2008, we expect moderate royalty revenue growth, but a number of factors could affect these results. Most notably, versus 2007, a continued weakened dollar could positively affect royalty revenue. However, royalty revenue growth could be negatively affected if licensees terminate their licenses or fail to meet their contractual payment obligations as a result of an adverse decision or ruling in the Cabilly reexamination, the MedImmune lawsuit, or appeals of these matters.

Contract Revenue

Contract revenue increased 2% to $297 million in 2007, and increased 38% to $290 million in 2006. The increase in 2007 was primarily due to recognition of a $30 million milestone payment from Novartis for European Union approval of Lucentis for the treatment of patients with AMD, higher reimbursements from Biogen Idec related to R&D efforts on Rituxan, and recognition of previously deferred revenue from an opt-in payment from Roche on Rituxan. Included in contract revenue in 2007 was $196 million of R&D expense reimbursements which were received from certain collaborators. The increase in 2006 was primarily due to higher contract revenue from Roche driven by higher reimbursements related to R&D development efforts on Avastin and manufacturing plant start-up costs, and a Herceptin milestone payment. Also contributing to the increase in 2006 were higher reimbursements

 
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from Biogen Idec related to R&D development efforts on Rituxan (rheumatoid arthritis and other immunology indications). Included in contract revenue in 2006 was $185 million of R&D expense reimbursements which were received from certain collaborators. See “Related Party Transactions” below for more information on contract revenue from Roche.

Contract revenue varies each quarter and is dependent on a number of factors, including the timing and level of reimbursements from ongoing development efforts, milestones and opt-in payments received, and new contract arrangements.

Cost of Sales

Cost of sales (COS) as a percentage of net product sales was 17% in 2007, 15% in 2006, and 18% in 2005. The increase in COS as a percentage of sales in 2007 was due to the recognition of employee stock-based compensation expense of $71 million, related to products sold for which employee stock-based compensation expense was previously capitalized as part of inventory costs in 2006, and higher volume of lower margin sales to collaborators. COS in 2007 included a non-recurring charge of approximately $53 million, resulting from our decision to cancel and buy out a future manufacturing obligation. However, COS as a percentage of product sales was favorably affected by the U.S. product sales mix (increased sales of our higher margin products, primarily Avastin, Lucentis, Rituxan, and Herceptin in 2007). For 2007, COS as a percentage of product sales also benefited from the effects of a price increase on sales of Herceptin to Roche, which started in the third quarter of 2006. COS in 2006 was favorably affected by increased sales of our higher margin products, primarily Lucentis, Avastin, Herceptin, and Rituxan.

We continually work to configure our supply chain to balance our objectives of mitigating supply risk while managing our COS. Significant manufacturing productivity improvements, ongoing changes in our and Roche’s forecasted product demand requirements, and recent and expected future additions of new capacity to our manufacturing network require that we constantly evaluate our manufacturing resources, including optimizing the size of our workforce. In February 2008, we established a voluntary severance program for select groups of manufacturing employees. The program provides these employees the opportunity to voluntarily resign from the Company in exchange for a severance package. Employees will have until March 2008 to elect whether to participate in the voluntary severance program. We currently expect to record compensation charges in COS associated with this program of approximately $20 million in the first quarter of 2008, although the charges could be higher or lower depending on the number of employees who elect to participate.

Research and Development

Research and development (R&D) expenses increased 38% in 2007 and 40% in 2006 to $2,446 million and $1,773 million, respectively. R&D expense as a percentage of total operating revenue was 21% in 2007 and 19% in 2006 and 2005.

The major components of R&D expenses were as follows (in millions):

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
Research and Development
 
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Product development (including post-marketing)
  $ 1,742     $ 1,269     $ 935       37 %     36 %
Research
    423       326       235       30       39  
In-licensing
    281       178       92       58       93  
Total
  $ 2,446     $ 1,773     $ 1,262       38       40  

Product development:  Product development expenses include costs of conducting clinical trials, activities to support regulatory filings, and post-marketing expenses, which include Phase IV and investigator-sponsored trials and product registries. Such costs include costs of personnel, drug supply costs, research fees charged by outside

 
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contractors, co-development costs, and facility expenses, including depreciation. Total development expenses increased 37% to $1,742 million in 2007 and 36% to $1,269 million in 2006. See “Products in Development” in the Business section of Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-K for further information regarding our development pipeline.

The increase in 2007 expense was primarily driven by:  (i) $353 million higher development expenses due to increased activity across our entire product portfolio, including increased spending on clinical programs, including late-stage clinical trials for Avastin, Lucentis, Rituxan used in immunology, and other programs, early-stage projects and higher clinical manufacturing expenses in support of our clinical trials; and (ii) a $40 million increase in post-marketing expense related to studies of Xolair, Lucentis, Rituxan used in immunology and Herceptin. In addition, development expenses in 2007 included $126 million of employee stock-based compensation expense related to FAS 123R.

The increase in 2006 expense was primarily driven by:  (i) $184 million higher development expenses due to increased activity across our entire product portfolio, including increased spending on clinical programs, including late-stage clinical trials for Avastin, Rituxan used in immunology, humanized anti-CD20, and other programs, early-stage projects and higher clinical manufacturing expenses in support of our clinical trials; and (ii) a $37 million increase in post-marketing expense related to studies of Avastin, Lucentis, Rituxan used in immunology and Xolair. In addition, development expenses in 2006 included $113 million of employee stock-based compensation expense related to FAS 123R.

Research:  Research includes expenses associated with research and testing of our product candidates prior to reaching the development stage. Such expenses primarily include the costs of internal personnel, outside contractors, facilities, including depreciation, and lab supplies. Personnel costs primarily include salary, benefits, recruiting and relocation costs. Research expenses increased 30% to $423 million in 2007 and 39% to $326 million in 2006. The primary driver of the increase in both years was an increase in internal personnel and related expenses, and outside contractors for research and testing of product candidates. In addition, research expenses in 2007 and 2006 included $27 million of employee stock-based compensation expense related to FAS 123R.

In-licensing:  In-licensing includes costs incurred to acquire licenses to develop and commercialize various technologies and molecules. In-licensing expenses increased 58% to $281 million in 2007 and 93% to $178 million in 2006. The increase in 2007 related to new in-licensing collaborations with (i) Abbott Laboratories for the global research, development, and commercialization of two of Abbott’s investigational anti-cancer, small molecule compounds: ABT-263 and ABT-869, (ii) Seattle Genetics, Inc. for the development and commercialization of a humanized monoclonal antibody currently in Phase I clinical trials for multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and NHL, and a Phase II clinical trial for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, (iii) BioInvent to co-develop and commercialize a monoclonal antibody currently in Phase I for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disease, and (iv) Altus relating to a subcutaneously administered, once-per-week formulation of human growth hormone. The collaboration with Altus was subsequently terminated in 2007.

The increase in 2006 primarily related to new in-licensing collaborations with (i) Exelixis to co-develop a small-molecule inhibitor of methyl ethyl keyton (MEK), (ii) AC Immune to research and develop anti-beta-amyloid antibodies for the potential treatment of Alzheimer’s and other diseases, (iii) Inotek Pharmaceuticals Corporation related to certain inhibitors of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) for the potential treatment of cancer (we provided notice to terminate this agreement in October 2007, effective in April 2008), and (iv) CGI Pharmaceuticals to research, develop, manufacture, and commercialize therapeutics for the potential treatment of cancer and immunological disorders.

For 2008, we expect R&D absolute dollar spending to increase over 2007 levels as we continue to invest in our late-stage pipeline and add new molecules and indications to the early-stage pipeline.

 
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Marketing, General and Administrative

Overall marketing, general and administrative (MG&A) expenses increased 12% to $2,256 million in 2007 and 40% to $2,014 million in 2006. MG&A as a percentage of total operating revenue was 19% in 2007 and 22% in 2006 and 2005. The decline in this ratio primarily reflects the increase in operating revenue.

The increase in 2007 expense was primarily due to: (i) an increase of $91 million in royalty expense, primarily to Biogen Idec resulting from higher Roche sales of Rituxan, (ii) a $64 million increase resulting from ongoing marketing efforts with established products, primarily Herceptin, and newly launched products, including Rituxan for rheumatoid arthritis and Lucentis, (iii) an increase of $47 million in charitable contributions related to increased donations to independent public charities that provide co-pay assistance to eligible patients, (iv) an increase of $11 million related to post-acquisition costs for Tanox, Inc., and (v) an increase of $11 million related to property and equipment write-offs. In addition, MG&A expenses in 2007 included $179 million of employee stock-based compensation expense related to FAS 123R.

The increase in 2006 expense was primarily due to: (i) an increase of $149 million in marketing and sales spending primarily in support of launch activities related to Lucentis for AMD and Rituxan for rheumatoid arthritis, (ii) an increase of $84 million in marketing and sales spending on Avastin, primarily in support of launch activities for NSCLC, a recently approved indication, and pre-launch activities for BC, (iii) a $47 million increase resulting from ongoing marketing efforts with established products, primarily Herceptin, partially offset by a $40 million decrease in Raptiva marketing costs, (iv) an increase of $131 million in support of our continued corporate growth including headcount growth and headcount related expenses, charitable donations, of which $26 million related to increased donations to independent public charities that provide co-pay assistance to eligible patients, and legal costs, and (v) an increase of $39 million in royalty expense, primarily to Biogen Idec resulting from higher Roche sales of Rituxan. In addition, MG&A expenses in 2006 included $169 million of employee stock-based compensation expense related to FAS 123R.

For 2008, we expect MG&A expense to remain relatively flat compared to 2007 levels as we continue to manage our infrastructure costs.

Collaboration Profit Sharing

Collaboration profit sharing expenses increased 7% to $1,080 million in 2007 and 22% to $1,005 million in 2006 due to higher sales of Rituxan, Tarceva and higher U.S. sales of Xolair and the related profit sharing expenses, partially offset by a decrease in profit sharing expense related to Xolair operations outside of the U.S.

The following table summarizes the amounts resulting from the respective profit sharing collaborations, for the periods presented (in millions):

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
U.S. Rituxan profit sharing expense
  $ 730     $ 672     $ 603       9 %     11 %
U.S. Tarceva profit sharing expense
    165       146       83       13       76  
Total Xolair profit sharing expense
    185       187       137       (1 )     36  
Total collaboration profit sharing expense
  $ 1,080     $ 1,005     $ 823       7       22  

Currently, our most significant collaboration profit sharing agreement is with Biogen Idec, with whom we co-promote Rituxan in the U.S. Under the collaboration agreement, Biogen Idec granted us a worldwide license to develop, commercialize, and market Rituxan in multiple indications. In exchange for these worldwide rights, Biogen Idec has co-promotion rights in the U.S. and a contractual arrangement under which we share a portion of the pretax U.S. co-promotion profits of Rituxan and we pay royalty expense based on sales of Rituxan by collaborators. In June

 
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2003, we amended and restated the collaboration agreement with Biogen Idec to include the development and commercialization of one or more anti-CD20 antibodies targeting B-cell disorders, in addition to Rituxan, for a broad range of indications.

Under the amended and restated collaboration agreement, our share of the current pretax U.S. co-promotion profit sharing formula is approximately 60% of operating profits, and Biogen Idec’s share is approximately 40% of operating profits. For each calendar year or portion thereof following the approval date of the first new anti-CD20 product, after a period of transition, our share of the pretax U.S. co-promotion profits will change to approximately 70% of operating profits, and Biogen Idec’s share will be approximately 30% of operating profits.

Collaboration profit sharing expense, exclusive of R&D expenses, related to Biogen Idec for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005, consisted of the following commercial activity (in millions):

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Product sales, net
  $ 2,285     $ 2,071     $ 1,832       10 %     13 %
Combined commercial costs and expenses
    552       489       390       13       25  
Combined co-promotion profits
  $ 1,733     $ 1,582     $ 1,442       10       10  
Amount due to Biogen Idec for their share of co-promotion profits–included in collaboration profit sharing expense
  $ 730     $ 672     $ 603       9       11  

In addition to Biogen Idec’s share of the combined co-promotion profits for Rituxan, collaboration profit sharing expense includes the quarterly settlement of Biogen Idec’s portion of the combined commercial costs. Since we and Biogen Idec each individually incur commercial costs related to Rituxan, and the spending mix between the parties can vary, collaboration profit sharing expense as a percentage of sales can also vary accordingly.

Total revenue and expenses related to our collaboration with Biogen Idec included the following (in millions):

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Contract revenue
  $ 108     $ 79     $ 59       37 %     34 %
                                         
Co-promotion profit sharing expense
  $ 730     $ 672     $ 603       9       11  
                                         
Royalty expense on ex-U.S. sales of Rituxan and other patent costs–included in MG&A expense
  $ 247     $ 175     $ 139       41       26  

Contract revenue from Biogen Idec primarily reflects the net reimbursement to us for development and post-marketing costs we incurred on joint development projects less amounts owed to Biogen Idec on their development efforts on these projects.

Write-off of In-process Research and Development Related to Acquisition

In connection with the acquisition of Tanox in the third quarter of 2007, we recorded a $77 million charge for in-process research and development. This charge primarily represents acquired R&D for label extensions for Xolair that have not yet been approved by the FDA and require significant further development. We expect to continue further developing these label extensions until a decision is made to file for a label extension or to discontinue development efforts. We expect these development efforts to be completed from 2009 to 2013, if not abandoned sooner.

 
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Gain on Acquisition

The acquisition of Tanox is considered to include the settlement of our 1996 license arrangement of certain intellectual property and rights thereon from Tanox. Under EITF 04-1, a business combination between parties with a preexisting relationship should be evaluated to determine if a settlement of that preexisting relationship exists. We measured the amount that the license arrangement is favorable, from our perspective, by comparing it to estimated pricing for current market transactions for intellectual property rights similar to Tanox’s intellectual property rights related to Xolair. In connection with the settlement of this license arrangement, we recorded a gain of $121 million on a pretax basis, in accordance with EITF 04-1.

Recurring Charges Related to Redemption and Acquisition

On June 30, 1999, RHI exercised its option to cause us to redeem all of our Special Common Stock held by stockholders other than RHI. The Redemption was reflected as the purchase of a business, which under GAAP required push-down accounting to reflect in our financial statements the amounts paid for our stock in excess of our net book value (see Note 1, “Description of Business—Redemption of Our Special Common Stock,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K).

On August 2, 2007, we acquired Tanox. In connection with the acquisition, we recorded approximately $814 million of intangible assets, representing developed product technology and core technology, which are being amortized over 12 years.

We recorded recurring charges related to the amortization of intangibles associated with the Redemption and push-down accounting and our acquisition of Tanox in the third quarter of 2007. These charges were $132 million in 2007, $105 million in 2006, and $123 million in 2005.

Special Items: Litigation-Related

We recorded accrued interest and bond costs related to the COH trial judgment of $54 million in 2007, 2006, and 2005. The California Supreme Court heard our appeal on this matter on February 5, 2008 and we expect a ruling within 90 days of the hearing date. Therefore, we expect that we will continue to incur interest charges on the judgment and service fees on the surety bond up to the second quarter of 2008. The amount of cash paid, if any, or the timing of such payment in connection with the COH matter will depend on the outcome of the California Supreme Court’s decision. See Note 8, “Leases, Commitments and Contingencies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K for further information regarding our litigation. Also included in this line in 2005 is a charge related to a litigation settlement, net of amounts received on a separate litigation settlement.

Operating Income

Operating income increased 34% to $4,229 million in 2007 and increased 64% to $3,152 million in 2006. Our operating income as a percentage of operating revenue (pretax operating margin) was 36% in 2007, 34% in 2006, and 29% in 2005.

 
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Other Income (Expense)

The components of “Other income (expense)” are as follows (in millions):

                     
Annual Percentage Change
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
      2007/2006       2006/2005  
Gains on sales of biotechnology equity securities, net
  $ 22     $ 93     $ 9       (76 ) %     933 %
Write-down of biotechnology debt and equity securities
    (20 )     (4 )     (10 )     400       (60 )
Interest income
    270       230       143       17       61  
Interest expense
    (76 )     (74 )     (50 )     3       48  
Other miscellaneous income
    1       6             (83 )      
Total other income, net
  $ 197     $ 251     $ 92       (22 )     173  

Other income, net, decreased 22% to $197 million in 2007, and increased 173% to $251 million in 2006. Gains on sales of biotechnology equity securities, net were lower in 2007 compared to 2006 due to the timing of certain acquisitions in 2006 which resulted in approximately $79 million in gains on sales related to Amgen’s acquisition of Abgenix, Pfizer’s acquisition of Rinat, Stiefel Laboratories’ acquisition of Connetics Corporation, and Astra Zeneca’s acquisition of Cambridge Antibody Technology. For 2007, there were no equivalent gains driven by acquisition. Investment income in 2007 was higher due to higher average cash balances, partially offset by lower yields and a $30 million write-down of a fixed-income investment. In 2006, investment income was higher due to higher average balances and higher yields. Interest expense in 2007 increased slightly due to higher average debt levels compared to 2006. Interest expense increased in 2006 due to new full-year debt service costs.

Income Tax Provision

The effective income tax rate was 37% in 2007, 38% in 2006, and 36% in 2005. The effective tax rate in 2007 was lower than in 2006, primarily due to the increase in the domestic manufacturing deduction. The effective tax rate in 2006 was higher than 2005 primarily due to new Final Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Treasury, which required a $34 million reduction in research credits claimed in prior years. The increase in the 2006 effective income tax rate also resulted from higher income before taxes in 2006.

We adopted the provisions of FIN 48 on January 1, 2007. Implementation of FIN 48 did not result in any adjustment to our Consolidated Statements of Income or a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings (accumulated deficit). As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we reclassified $147 million of unrecognized tax benefits from current liabilities to long-term liabilities as of January 1, 2007, and we also reclassified the balance as of December 31, 2006, for consistency, in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets, none of which would have been considered due in 2007 in the presentation of our Contractual Obligations table in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006.

In 2008, we expect our annual effective income tax rate to be similar to our 2007 effective income tax rate. Various internal and external factors may have favorable or unfavorable effects on our future effective income tax rate. These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in tax laws, regulations and/or rates, the results of any tax examinations, changing interpretations of existing tax laws or regulations, changes in estimates to prior years’ items, past and future levels of R&D spending, acquisitions, changes in our corporate structure, and changes in overall levels of income before taxes; all of which may result in periodic revisions to our effective income tax rate.

 
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Relationship with Roche

As a result of the June 1999 redemption of our Special Common Stock (Redemption) and subsequent public offerings, we amended our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, amended our licensing and marketing agreement with Roche Holding AG and affiliates (Roche), and entered into or amended certain agreements with RHI, which are discussed below.

Affiliation Arrangements

Our Board of Directors consists of three RHI directors, three independent directors nominated by a nominating committee currently controlled by RHI, and one Genentech employee. However, under our bylaws, RHI has the right to obtain proportional representation on our Board at any time.

Except as follows, the affiliation arrangements do not limit RHI’s ability to buy or sell our Common Stock. If RHI and its affiliates sell their majority ownership of shares of our Common Stock to a successor, RHI has agreed that it will cause the successor to agree to purchase all shares of our Common Stock not held by RHI as follows:

 
Ÿ
with consideration, if that consideration is composed entirely of either cash or equity traded on a U.S. national securities exchange, in the same form and amounts per share as received by RHI and its affiliates; and

 
Ÿ
in all other cases, with consideration that has a value per share not less than the weighted-average value per share received by RHI and its affiliates as determined by a nationally recognized investment bank.

If RHI owns more than 90% of our Common Stock for more than two months, RHI has agreed that it will, as soon as reasonably practicable, effect a merger of Genentech with RHI or an affiliate of RHI.

RHI has agreed, as a condition to any merger of Genentech with RHI or the sale of our assets to RHI, that either:

 
Ÿ
the merger or sale must be authorized by the favorable vote of a majority of non-RHI stockholders, provided no person will be entitled to cast more than 5% of the votes at the meeting; or

 
Ÿ
in the event such a favorable vote is not obtained, the value of the consideration to be received by non-RHI stockholders would be equal to or greater than the average of the means of the ranges of fair values for the Common Stock as determined by two nationally recognized investment banks.

We have agreed not to approve, without the prior approval of the directors designated by RHI:

 
Ÿ
any acquisition, sale, or other disposal of all or a portion of our business representing 10% or more of our assets, net income, or revenue;

 
Ÿ
any issuance of capital stock except under certain circumstances; or

 
Ÿ
any repurchase or redemption of our capital stock other than a redemption required by the terms of any security and purchases made at fair market value in connection with any deferred compensation plans.

 
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Licensing Agreements

We have a July 1999 amended and restated licensing and marketing agreement with Roche and its affiliates granting an option to license, use and sell our products in non-U.S. markets. The major provisions of that agreement include the following:

 
Ÿ
Roche’s option expires in 2015;

 
Ÿ
Roche may exercise its option to license our products upon the occurrence of any of the following: (1) upon the filing of an Investigational New Drug Application (IND) for a product, (2) completion of the first Phase II trial for a product or (3) completion of a Phase III trial for that product, if Roche previously paid us a fee of $10 million to extend its option on a product;

 
Ÿ
If Roche exercises its option to license a product, it has agreed to reimburse Genentech for development costs as follows: (1) If exercise occurs upon the filing of an IND, Roche will pay 50% of development costs incurred prior to the filing and 50% of development costs subsequently incurred; (2) If exercise occurs at the completion of the first Phase II trial, Roche will pay 50% of development costs incurred through completion of the trial, 75% of development costs subsequently incurred for the initial indication, and 50% of subsequent development costs for new indications, formulations or dosing schedules; (3) If the exercise occurs at the completion of a Phase III trial, Roche will pay 50% of development costs incurred through completion of Phase II, 75% of development costs incurred through completion of Phase III, and 75% of development costs subsequently incurred; and $5 million of the option extension fee paid by Roche to preserve its right to exercise its option at the completion of a Phase III trial will be credited against the total development costs payable to Genentech upon the exercise of the option; and (4) Each of Genentech and Roche have the right to “opt-out” of developing an additional indication for a product for which Roche exercised its option, and would not share the costs or benefits of the additional indication, but could “opt-back-in” within 30 days of decision to file for approval of the indication by paying twice what they would have owed for development of the indication if they had not opted out;

 
Ÿ
We agreed, in general, to manufacture for and supply to Roche its clinical requirements of our products at cost, and its commercial requirements at cost plus a margin of 20%; however, Roche will have the right to manufacture our products under certain circumstances;

 
Ÿ
Roche has agreed to pay, for each product for which Roche exercises its option upon the filing of an IND or completion of the first Phase II trial, a royalty of 12.5% on the first $100 million on its aggregate sales of that product and thereafter a royalty of 15% on its aggregate sales of that product in excess of $100 million until the later in each country of the expiration of our last relevant patent or 25 years from the first commercial introduction of that product;

 
Ÿ
Roche will pay, for each product for which Roche exercises its option after completion of a Phase III trial, a royalty of 15% on its sales of that product until the later in each country of the expiration of our last relevant patent or 25 years from the first commercial introduction of that product; however, $5 million of any option extension fee paid by Roche will be credited against royalties payable to us in the first calendar year of sales by Roche in which aggregate sales of that product exceed $100 million; and

 
Ÿ
For certain products for which Genentech is paying a royalty to Biogen Idec, including Rituxan, Roche shall pay Genentech a royalty of 20% on sales of such product. Once Genentech is no longer obligated to pay a royalty to Biogen Idec on sales of such products, Roche shall then pay Genentech a royalty on sales of 10% on the first $75 million on its aggregate sales of that product and thereafter a royalty of 8% on its aggregate sales of that product in excess of $75 million until the later in each country of the expiration of our last relevant patent or 25 years from the first commercial introduction of that product.

We have further amended this licensing and marketing agreement with Roche to delete or add certain Genentech products under Roche’s commercialization and marketing rights for Canada.

 
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We also have a July 1998 licensing and marketing agreement related to anti-HER2 antibodies (including Herceptin and pertuzumab) with Roche, providing them with exclusive marketing rights outside of the U.S. Under the agreement, Roche funds one-half the global development costs incurred in connection with developing anti-HER2 antibody products under the agreement. Either Genentech or Roche has the right to “opt-out” of developing an additional indication for a product and would not share the costs or benefits of the additional indication, but could “opt-back-in” within 30 days of decision to file for approval of the indication by paying twice what would have been owed for development of the indication if no opt-out had occurred. Roche has also agreed to make royalty payments of 20% on aggregate net product sales outside the U.S. up to $500 million in each calendar year and 22.5% on such sales in excess of $500 million in each calendar year. In December 2007, Roche opted-in to our trastuzumab drug conjugate products under terms similar to those of the existing anti-HER2 agreement.

Research Collaboration Agreement

We have an April 2004 research collaboration agreement with Roche that outlines the process by which Roche and Genentech may agree to conduct and share in the costs of joint research on certain molecules. The agreement further outlines how development and commercialization efforts will be coordinated with respect to select molecules, including the financial provisions for a number of different development and commercialization scenarios undertaken by either or both parties.

Tax Sharing Agreement

We have a tax sharing agreement with RHI. If we and RHI elect to file a combined state and local tax return in certain states where we may be eligible, our tax liability or refund with RHI for such jurisdictions will be calculated on a stand-alone basis.

Roche Holdings, Inc.’s Ability to Maintain Percentage Ownership Interest in Our Stock

We issue shares of Common Stock in connection with our stock option and stock purchase plans, and we may issue additional shares for other purposes. Our affiliation agreement with RHI provides, among other things, that with respect to any issuance of our Common Stock in the future, we will repurchase a sufficient number of shares so that immediately after such issuance, the percentage of our Common Stock owned by RHI will be no lower than 2% below the “Minimum Percentage” (subject to certain conditions). The Minimum Percentage equals the lowest number of shares of Genentech Common Stock owned by RHI since the July 1999 offering (to be adjusted in the future for dispositions of shares of Genentech Common Stock by RHI as well as for stock splits or stock combinations) divided by 1,018,388,704 (to be adjusted in the future for stock splits or stock combinations), which is the number of shares of Genentech Common Stock outstanding at the time of the July 1999 offering, as adjusted for stock splits. We have repurchased shares of our Common Stock since 2001 (see discussion below in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”). The affiliation agreement also provides that, upon RHI’s request, we will repurchase shares of our Common Stock to increase RHI’s ownership to the Minimum Percentage. In addition, RHI will have a continuing option to buy stock from us at prevailing market prices to maintain its percentage ownership interest. Under the terms of the affiliation agreement, RHI’s Minimum Percentage is 57.7% and RHI’s ownership percentage is to be no lower than 55.7%. At December 31, 2007, RHI’s ownership percentage was 55.8%.

Related Party Transactions

We enter into transactions with our related parties, Roche and Novartis. The accounting policies that we apply to our transactions with our related parties are consistent with those applied in transactions with independent third parties, and all related party agreements are negotiated on an arm’s-length basis.

In our royalty and supply arrangements with related parties, we are the principal, as defined under EITF Issue No. 99-19, Reporting Revenue Gross as a Principal versus Net as an Agent (EITF 99-19), because we bear the manufacturing risk, general inventory risk, and the risk to defend our intellectual property. For circumstances in which we are the principal in the transaction, we record the transaction on a gross basis in accordance with EITF 99-19. Otherwise our transactions are recorded on a net basis.

 
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Roche

We signed two new product supply agreements with Roche in July 2006, each of which was amended in November 2007. The Umbrella Manufacturing Supply Agreement (Umbrella Agreement) supersedes our existing product supply agreements with Roche. The Short-Term Supply Agreement (Short-Term Agreement) supplements the terms of the Umbrella Agreement. Under the Short-Term Agreement, Roche has agreed to purchase specified amounts of Herceptin, Avastin and Rituxan through 2008. Under the Umbrella Agreement, Roche has agreed to purchase specified amounts of Herceptin and Avastin through 2012 and, on a perpetual basis, either party may order other collaboration products from the other party, including Herceptin and Avastin after 2012, pursuant to certain forecast terms. The Umbrella Agreement also provides that either party may terminate its obligation to purchase and/or supply Avastin and/or Herceptin with six years notice on or after December 31, 2007. To date, we have not received such notice of termination from Roche.

In December 2007, Roche opted-in to our trastuzumab drug conjugate products under terms similar to those of the existing anti-HER2 agreement. As part of the opt-in, Roche paid us $113 million and will pay 50% of subsequent development costs related to the trastuzumab drug conjugate products. We recognized the payment received from Roche as deferred revenue, which will be recognized over the expected development period.

We currently have no active profit sharing arrangements with Roche.

Under our existing arrangements with Roche, including our licensing and marketing agreement, we recognized the following amounts (in millions):

   
2007
   
2006
   
2005
 
Product sales to Roche
  $ 768     $ 359     $ 177  
                         
Royalties earned from Roche
  $ 1,206     $ 846     $ 500  
                         
Contract revenue from Roche