10-Q 1 q32018aonplc.htm 10-Q Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
 
OR
 
o        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 1-7933

Aon plc
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
ENGLAND AND WALES
 
98-1030901
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
122 LEADENHALL STREET, LONDON, ENGLAND
 
EC3V 4AN
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
+44 20 7623 5500
(Registrant’s Telephone Number,
Including Area Code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES  ý  NO  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  YES  ý  NO  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  YES o NO ý
 
Number of Class A Ordinary Shares of Aon plc, $0.01 nominal value, outstanding as of October 25, 2018240,844,114
 



Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




Part I Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
Aon plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited) 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(millions, except per share data)
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Revenue
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Total revenue
 
$
2,349

 
$
2,340

 
$
8,000

 
$
7,089

Expenses
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Compensation and benefits
 
1,392

 
1,428

 
4,502

 
4,363

Information technology
 
125

 
109

 
363

 
295

Premises
 
94

 
89

 
283

 
259

Depreciation of fixed assets
 
40

 
40

 
126

 
148

Amortization and impairment of intangible assets
 
100

 
101

 
492

 
604

Other general expenses
 
336

 
317

 
1,189

 
956

Total operating expenses
 
2,087

 
2,084

 
6,955

 
6,625

Operating income
 
262

 
256

 
1,045

 
464

Interest income
 

 
10

 
5

 
20

Interest expense
 
(69
)
 
(70
)
 
(208
)
 
(211
)
Other income (expense)
 
1

 
4

 
(17
)
 
6

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
 
194

 
200

 
825

 
279

Income tax expense (benefit)
 
39

 
4

 
9

 
(139
)
Net income from continuing operations
 
155

 
196

 
816

 
418

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
(2
)
 
(4
)
 
5

 
857

Net income
 
153

 
192

 
821

 
1,275

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
6

 
7

 
32

 
30

Net income attributable to Aon shareholders
 
$
147

 
$
185

 
$
789

 
$
1,245

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to Aon shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
0.61

 
$
0.74

 
$
3.18

 
$
1.49

Discontinued operations
 
(0.01
)
 
(0.02
)
 
0.02

 
3.28

Net income
 
$
0.60

 
$
0.72

 
$
3.20

 
$
4.77

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Aon shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
0.61

 
$
0.73

 
$
3.17

 
$
1.48

Discontinued operations
 
(0.01
)
 
(0.01
)
 
0.02

 
3.26

Net income
 
$
0.60

 
$
0.72

 
$
3.19

 
$
4.74

Cash dividends per share paid on ordinary shares
 
$
0.40

 
$
0.36

 
$
1.16

 
$
1.05

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding - basic
 
244.0

 
255.6

 
246.2

 
260.9

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding - diluted
 
245.6

 
257.3

 
247.7

 
262.9

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

2



Aon plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited) 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
(millions)
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Net income
 
$
153

 
$
192

 
$
821

 
$
1,275

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
6

 
7

 
32

 
30

Net income attributable to Aon shareholders
 
147

 
185

 
789

 
1,245

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Change in fair value of financial instruments
 
1

 
11

 
14

 
13

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(50
)
 
243

 
(263
)
 
434

Postretirement benefit obligation
 
(62
)
 
18

 
108

 
56

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(111
)
 
272

 
(141
)
 
503

Less: Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(3
)
 
7

 
(6
)
 
3

Total other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Aon shareholders
 
(108
)
 
265

 
(135
)
 
500

Comprehensive income attributable to Aon shareholders
 
$
39

 
$
450

 
$
654

 
$
1,745

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

3



Aon plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
(millions, except nominal value)
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets
 
 

 
 

Current assets
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
484

 
$
756

Short-term investments
 
167

 
529

Receivables, net
 
2,656

 
2,478

Fiduciary assets 
 
9,314

 
9,625

Other current assets
 
727

 
289

Total current assets
 
13,348

 
13,677

Goodwill
 
8,282

 
8,358

Intangible assets, net
 
1,260

 
1,733

Fixed assets, net
 
594

 
564

Deferred tax assets
 
476

 
389

Prepaid pension
 
1,208

 
1,060

Other non-current assets
 
434

 
307

Total assets
 
$
25,602

 
$
26,088

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and equity
 
 

 
 

Liabilities
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,600

 
$
1,961

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
 
741

 
299

Fiduciary liabilities
 
9,314

 
9,625

Other current liabilities
 
988

 
870

Total current liabilities
 
12,643

 
12,755

Long-term debt
 
5,665

 
5,667

Deferred tax liabilities
 
273

 
127

Pension, other postretirement, and postemployment liabilities
 
1,603

 
1,789

Other non-current liabilities
 
1,090

 
1,102

Total liabilities
 
21,274

 
21,440

 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 

 
 

Ordinary shares - $0.01 nominal value
Authorized: 750 shares (issued: 2018 - 241.2; 2017 - 247.6)
 
2

 
2

Additional paid-in capital
 
5,850

 
5,775

Retained earnings
 
2,042

 
2,302

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(3,632
)
 
(3,496
)
Total Aon shareholders' equity
 
4,262

 
4,583

Noncontrolling interests
 
66

 
65

Total equity
 
4,328

 
4,648

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
25,602

 
$
26,088

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

4



Aon plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(Unaudited) 
(millions)
 
Shares
 
Ordinary
Shares and
Additional
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
247.6

 
$
5,777

 
$
2,302

 
$
(3,496
)
 
$
65

 
$
4,648

Adoption of new accounting guidance
 

 

 
493

 
(1
)
 

 
492

Balance at January 1, 2018
 
247.6

 
5,777

 
2,795

 
(3,497
)
 
65

 
5,140

Net income
 

 

 
789

 

 
32

 
821

Shares issued - employee stock compensation plans
 
2.4

 
(139
)
 
(1
)
 

 

 
(140
)
Shares purchased
 
(8.8
)
 

 
(1,256
)
 

 

 
(1,256
)
Share-based compensation expense
 

 
214

 

 

 

 
214

Dividends to shareholders
 

 

 
(285
)
 

 

 
(285
)
Net change in fair value of financial instruments
 

 

 

 
14

 

 
14

Net foreign currency translation adjustments
 

 

 

 
(257
)
 
(6
)
 
(263
)
Net postretirement benefit obligation
 

 

 

 
108

 

 
108

Purchases of shares from noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests on subsidiary common stock
 

 

 

 

 
(24
)
 
(24
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
 
241.2

 
$
5,852

 
$
2,042

 
$
(3,632
)
 
$
66

 
$
4,328


(millions)
 
Shares
 
Ordinary
Shares and
Additional
Paid-in Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of Tax
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2017
 
262.0

 
$
5,580

 
$
3,856

 
$
(3,912
)
 
$
57

 
$
5,581

Net income
 

 

 
1,245

 

 
30

 
1,275

Shares issued - employee stock compensation plans
 
3.3

 
(117
)
 

 

 

 
(117
)
Shares purchased
 
(14.5
)
 

 
(1,913
)
 

 

 
(1,913
)
Share-based compensation expense
 

 
214

 

 

 

 
214

Dividends to shareholders
 

 

 
(274
)
 

 

 
(274
)
Net change in fair value of financial instruments
 

 

 

 
13

 

 
13

Net foreign currency translation adjustments
 

 

 

 
431

 
3

 
434

Net postretirement benefit obligation
 

 

 

 
56

 

 
56

Purchases of shares from noncontrolling interests
 

 
(4
)
 

 

 
(1
)
 
(5
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests on subsidiary common stock
 

 

 

 

 
(17
)
 
(17
)
Balance at September 30, 2017
 
250.8

 
$
5,673

 
$
2,914

 
$
(3,412
)
 
$
72

 
$
5,247

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

5



Aon plc
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
Nine Months Ended
(millions)
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
821

 
$
1,275

Less: Net income from discontinued operations
 
5

 
857

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Loss from sales of businesses, net
 
4

 
2

Depreciation of fixed assets
 
126

 
148

Amortization and impairment of intangible assets
 
492

 
604

Share-based compensation expense
 
214

 
214

Deferred income taxes
 
(128
)
 
(208
)
Change in assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Fiduciary receivables
 
766

 
986

Short-term investments — funds held on behalf of clients
 
(731
)
 
(701
)
Fiduciary liabilities
 
(35
)
 
(285
)
Receivables, net
 
(11
)
 
144

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(331
)
 
(237
)
Restructuring reserves
 
14

 
170

Current income taxes
 
(137
)
 
(785
)
Pension, other postretirement and postemployment liabilities
 
(223
)
 
(142
)
Other assets and liabilities
 
139

 
(39
)
Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations
 
975

 
289

Cash provided by operating activities - discontinued operations
 

 
64

Cash provided by operating activities
 
975

 
353

Cash flows from investing activities
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from investments
 
30

 
43

Payments for investments
 
(65
)
 
(55
)
Net sales (purchases) of short-term investments — non-fiduciary
 
356

 
(1,344
)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
 
(50
)
 
(172
)
Sale of businesses, net of cash sold
 
(8
)
 
4,194

Capital expenditures
 
(179
)
 
(125
)
Cash provided by investing activities - continuing operations
 
84

 
2,541

Cash used for investing activities - discontinued operations
 

 
(19
)
Cash provided by investing activities
 
84

 
2,522

Cash flows from financing activities
 
 

 
 

Share repurchase
 
(1,272
)
 
(1,888
)
Issuance of shares for employee benefit plans
 
(139
)
 
(118
)
Issuance of debt
 
3,960

 
1,651

Repayment of debt
 
(3,498
)
 
(1,998
)
Cash dividends to shareholders
 
(285
)
 
(274
)
Noncontrolling interests and other financing activities
 
(21
)
 
(21
)
Cash used for financing activities - continuing operations
 
(1,255
)
 
(2,648
)
Cash used for financing activities - discontinued operations
 

 

Cash used for financing activities
 
(1,255
)
 
(2,648
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
 
(76
)
 
91

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
(272
)
 
318

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
756

 
431

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
484

 
$
749

Supplemental disclosures:
 
 

 
 

Interest paid
 
$
172

 
$
195

Income taxes paid, net of refunds
 
$
274

 
$
854

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

6



Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto (the “Financial Statements”) have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). The Financial Statements include the accounts of Aon plc and all of its controlled subsidiaries (“Aon” or the “Company”).  All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The Financial Statements include, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments and reclassifications) necessary to present fairly the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented.
Certain information and disclosures normally included in the Financial Statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. The results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of operating results that may be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2018.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the accompanying Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements, and the reported amounts of reserves and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and judgments. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment. Management believes its estimates to be reasonable given the current facts available. Aon adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate.  Illiquid credit markets, volatile equity markets, and foreign currency exchange rate movements increase the uncertainty inherent in such estimates and assumptions. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Changes in estimates resulting from continuing changes in the economic environment would, if applicable, be reflected in the Financial Statements in future periods.
2. Accounting Principles and Practices
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
Presentation of Net Periodic Pension and Postretirement Benefit Costs
In March 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new accounting guidance on the presentation of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost. The new guidance requires that an employer report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period. It also requires the other components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. Additionally, only the service cost component is eligible for capitalization, when applicable. The Company has applied the new guidance retrospectively for the presentation of the service cost component and the other components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic postretirement benefit cost in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income, and prospectively, on and after the effective date, for the capitalization of the service cost component of net periodic pension costs and net periodic postretirement benefit cost in assets. The new guidance allows a practical expedient that permits an employer to use the amounts disclosed in its pension and other postretirement benefit plan note for the prior comparative periods as the estimation basis for applying the retrospective presentation requirements. The Company did not apply the practical expedient upon adoption of this guidance. The new guidance was effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the net income of the Company. 

7



Upon adoption of the guidance, the presentation of the results reflect a change in Operating income (loss) offset by an equal and offsetting change in Other income (expense) for the period ended September 30, 2017 as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
Operating income (loss) (1)
 
$
265

 
$
(9
)
 
$
256

 
$
490

 
$
(26
)
 
$
464

Other income (expense)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
9

 
$
4

 
$
(20
)
 
$
26

 
$
6

(1)
Reclassification from Operating income is recorded in Compensation and benefits.
Income Tax Consequences of Intercompany Transactions
In October 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on the income tax consequences of intra-entity asset transfers other than inventory. The guidance requires that the seller and buyer recognize the consolidated current and deferred income tax consequences of a transaction in the period the transaction occurs rather than deferring to a future period and recognizing those consequences when the asset has been sold to an outside party or otherwise recovered through use (i.e. depreciated, amortized, or impaired). The Company has applied the new guidance on a modified retrospective basis with a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The new guidance was effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2018. Upon the adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2018, the Company recognized an increase to Deferred tax assets of $23 million, an increase to Deferred tax liabilities of $12 million, and a decrease to Other non-current assets of $26 million on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position through a cumulative adjustment of $15 million decrease to Retained earnings. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the impact of adopting this guidance on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income was insignificant.
Statement of Cash Flows
In August 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments. Under the new guidance, an entity no longer has discretion to choose the classification for a number of transactions, including contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, and distributions received from equity method investees. The new standard was effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Financial Assets and Liabilities
In January 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on recognition and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities. The amendments in the new guidance make targeted improvements, which include the requirement to measure equity investments with readily determinable fair values at fair value through net income, simplification of the impairment assessment for equity investments without readily determinable fair values, adjustments to existing and additional disclosure requirements, and additional tax considerations. The Company applied the amendments by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption, with the exception of the amendments related to equity securities without readily determinable fair values, including disclosure requirements, which were applied prospectively. Upon the adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2018, the Company recognized an increase to Accumulated other comprehensive loss of $1 million on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position through a cumulative adjustment of $1 million increase to Retained earnings. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the impact of adopting this guidance on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income was insignificant.
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standard on revenue from contracts with customers (the “Standard” or “ASC 606”), which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP (“ASC 605”). The core principal of the Standard is that an entity should recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  The Standard also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments, changes in judgments, and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. Two methods of transition were permitted upon adoption: full retrospective and modified retrospective. The Company elected to apply the modified retrospective adoption approach to all contracts. Under this approach, prior periods were not restated. Rather, revenues and other disclosures for prior periods were provided in the notes to the financial statements as

8



previously reported under ASC 605, and the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance was recognized as an adjustment to Retained earnings.
The following summarizes the significant changes to the Company as a result of the adoption of ASC 606 on January 1, 2018.

The Company previously recognized revenue either at a point in time or over a period of time based on the transfer of value to customers or as the remuneration became determinable. Under ASC 606, the revenue related to certain brokerage services recognized over a period of time is recognized on the effective date of the associated policies when control of the policy transfers to the customer. As a result, revenue from these arrangements are typically recognized in earlier periods under ASC 606 in comparison to ASC 605, changing the timing and amount of revenue recognized for annual and interim periods. This change resulted in a significant shift in timing of interim revenue for the Reinsurance Solutions revenue line and, to a lesser extent, certain other brokerage services.

The Standard provides guidance on accounting for certain revenue-related costs including when to capitalize costs associated with obtaining and fulfilling a contract. The majority of these costs were previously expensed as incurred under ASC 605. Assets recognized for the costs to obtain a contract, which includes certain sales commissions, are amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer of the services to which the asset relates, considering anticipated renewals when applicable. For situations where the renewal period is one year or less and renewal costs are commensurate with the initial contract, the Company applied a practical expedient and recognizes the costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred. Assets recognized as costs to fulfill a contract, which includes internal costs related to pre-placement broking activities, as well as other costs, are amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer of the services to which the asset relates, which is generally less than one year.

As a result of applying the modified retrospective method to adopt ASC 606, the following adjustments were made to the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as of January 1, 2018:
 
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
 
January 1,
2018
(millions)
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
As Adjusted
Assets
 
 

 
 
 
 

Receivables, net
 
$
2,478

 
$
252

 
$
2,730

Other current assets
 
$
289

 
$
298

 
$
587

Deferred tax assets
 
$
389

 
$
(128
)
 
$
261

Other non-current assets
 
$
307

 
$
145

 
$
452

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 

 
 
 
 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,961

 
$
8

 
$
1,969

Other current liabilities
 
$
870

 
$
13

 
$
883

Deferred tax liabilities
 
$
127

 
$
42

 
$
169

Other non-current liabilities
 
$
1,102

 
$
(3
)
 
$
1,099

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 

 
 
 
 

Total equity
 
$
4,648

 
$
507

 
$
5,155


9



The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income, Financial Position, and Cash Flows as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
(millions)
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
Revenue
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
 
$
2,349

 
$
142

 
$
2,491

 
$
8,000

 
$
(268
)
 
$
7,732

Expenses
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation and benefits
 
$
1,392

 
$
36

 
$
1,428

 
$
4,502

 
$
(42
)
 
$
4,460

Other general expenses
 
$
336

 
$
1

 
$
337

 
$
1,189

 
$
3

 
$
1,192

Income taxes
 
$
39

 
$
21

 
$
60

 
$
9

 
$
(54
)

$
(45
)
Adoption of ASC 606 had an unfavorable impact of $84 million on net income from continuing operations, or $0.34 per share, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, and a favorable impact of $175 million on net income from continuing operations, or $0.71 per share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
 
 
As of September 30, 2018
(millions)
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
Assets
 
 

 
 
 
 

Receivables, net
 
$
2,656

 
$
(494
)
 
$
2,162

Other current assets
 
$
727

 
$
(227
)
 
$
500

Deferred tax assets
 
$
476

 
$
128

 
$
604

Other non-current assets
 
$
434

 
$
(150
)
 
$
284

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 

 
 
 
 

Other current liabilities
 
$
988

 
$
(13
)
 
$
975

Deferred tax liabilities
 
$
273

 
$
(59
)
 
$
214

Other non-current liabilities
 
$
1,090

 
$
2

 
$
1,092

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity
 
 

 
 
 
 

Total equity
 
$
4,328

 
$
(673
)
 
$
3,655

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
(millions)
 
As Reported
 
Adjustments
 
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 

 
 
 
 

Net income
 
$
821

 
$
(175
)
 
$
646

Deferred income taxes
 
$
(128
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(144
)
Receivables, net
 
$
(11
)
 
$
244

 
$
233

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
(331
)
 
$
8

 
$
(323
)
Current income taxes
 
$
(137
)
 
$
(37
)
 
$
(174
)
Other assets and liabilities
 
$
139

 
$
(24
)
 
$
115

The adoption of ASC 606 had no impact on total Cash Provided by Operating Activities.

10



Refer to Note 3 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” to the Financial Statements for further information.
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans. The guidance requires sponsors of these plans to provide additional disclosures, including weighted-average interest rates used in the entity’s cash balance pension plans and a narrative description of reasons for any significant gains or losses impacting the benefit obligation for the period, and eliminates certain previous disclosure requirements. The guidance is effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2021 with early adoption permitted and will be applied retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the guidance will have on the Financial Statements and the period of adoption.
Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
In February 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to reclassification of certain tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income. The guidance allows a reclassification from accumulated comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Reform Act”). In addition, the entity is required to provide certain disclosures regarding stranded tax effects. The guidance is effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2019 and early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period. The guidance should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Reform Act is recognized. The Company does not anticipate electing to reclassify stranded tax effects in accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings and expects to adopt the disclosure guidance in the first quarter of 2019. Refer to Note 11 “Income Taxes” for further discussion of the Tax Reform Act.  
Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities
In August 2017, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on targeted improvements to accounting for hedging activities. The new guidance amends its hedge accounting model to enable entities to better portray their risk management activities in the Financial Statements. The guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and requires the effect of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. An entity will apply the new guidance on a modified retrospective basis with a cumulative effect adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive income with a corresponding adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. Changes to income statement presentation and financial statement disclosures will be applied prospectively. The new guidance is effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2019 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the guidance will have on the Financial Statements and the period of adoption.  
Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment
In January 2017, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on simplifying the test for goodwill impairment. Currently the standard requires an entity to perform a two-step test to determine the amount, if any, of goodwill impairment. In Step 1, an entity compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the entity performs Step 2 and compares the implied fair value of goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill for that reporting unit. An impairment charge equal to the amount by which the carrying amount of goodwill for the reporting unit exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill is recorded, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The new guidance removes Step 2. An entity will apply a one-step quantitative test and record the amount of goodwill impairment as the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The new guidance does not amend the optional qualitative assessment of goodwill impairment. An entity will apply the new guidance on a prospective basis. The new guidance is effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the guidance will have on the Financial Statements and the period of adoption.
Credit Losses
In June 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance on the measurement of credit losses on financial instruments. The new guidance replaces the current incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. An entity will apply the new guidance through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. The guidance is effective for Aon in the first quarter of 2020 and early adoption is permitted beginning in the first quarter of 2019. Aon is currently evaluating the impact that the guidance will have on its Financial Statements, as well as the period of adoption.

11



Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard on leases, which requires lessees to recognize assets and liabilities for most leases. Under the new standard, a lessee should recognize in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position a liability to make future lease payments and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee have not significantly changed from current U.S. GAAP standards. The new standard will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2019, with early adoption permitted and must be applied using a modified retrospective transition approach. In July 2018, the FASB amended the updated guidance on leases that was issued in February 2016 and provided an additional transition method with which to adopt the updated guidance. Under the additional transition method, entities may elect to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the year of adoption. Under this transition method, an entity's reporting for the comparative periods prior to adoption presented in the financial statements would continue to be in accordance with current lease guidance. The Company expects to adopt the new standard as of January 1, 2019 using the cumulative-effect adjustment transition method approved by the FASB. Additionally, the Company will provide expanded lease disclosures required under the new standard in the first quarter of 2019. 
The modified retrospective approach includes several optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply upon transition. These practical expedients relate to the identification and classification of leases that commenced before the effective date, initial direct costs for leases that commenced before the effective date, and the ability to use hindsight in evaluating lessee options to extend or terminate a lease or to purchase the underlying asset. The Company has determined it will not elect the practical expedient related to hindsight and is currently evaluating all other practical expedients and accounting policy elections that will be applied.
The Company is on schedule to implement the standard as of January 1, 2019 and has executed a comprehensive approach to identify arrangements that may contain a lease, has performed completeness assessments over the identified lease population and has implemented system solutions and processes to appropriately account for the lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities upon transition and on an ongoing basis. Further, control activities related to the adoption of this standard have been designed and begun to be implemented.
Aon expects to recognize significant lease liabilities and corresponding right of use assets on its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position related to its portfolio of operating leases, but is unable to provide quantitative information at this time. The Company does not anticipate that the new standard will have a significant impact on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income or the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
3. Revenue from Contracts with Customers
The Company generates revenues primarily through commissions, compensation from insurance and reinsurance companies for services provided to them, and fees from customers. Commissions and fees for brokerage services vary depending upon several factors, which may include the amount of premium, the type of insurance or reinsurance coverage provided, the particular services provided to a client, insurer, or reinsurer, and the capacity in which the Company acts. Compensation from insurance and reinsurance companies includes: (1) fees for consulting and analytics services and (2) fees and commissions for administrative and other services provided to or on behalf of insurers. In Aon’s capacity as an insurance and reinsurance broker, the service promised to the customer is placement of an effective insurance or reinsurance policy, respectively. At the completion of the insurance or reinsurance policy placement process once coverage is effective, the customer has obtained control over the services promised by the Company. Judgment is not typically required when assessing whether the coverage is effective. Fees from clients for advice and consulting services are dependent on the extent and value of the services provided. Payment terms for the Company’s principal service lines are discussed below; the Company believes these terms are consistent with current industry practices. Significant financing components are typically not present in Aon’s arrangements.
The Company recognizes revenue when control of the promised services is transferred to the customer in the amount that best reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services. For arrangements where control is transferred over time, an input or output method is applied that represents a faithful depiction of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation. For arrangements that include variable consideration, the Company assesses whether any amounts should be constrained. For arrangements that include multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates consideration based on their relative fair values.

Costs incurred by the Company in obtaining a contract are capitalized and amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer of control of the services to which the asset relates, considering anticipated renewals when applicable. Certain contract related costs, including pre-placement brokerage costs, are capitalized as a cost to fulfill and are amortized on a systematic basis consistent with the transfer of control of the services to which the asset relates, which is generally less than one year.


12



The Company has elected to apply practical expedients to not disclose the revenue related to unsatisfied performance obligations if (1) the contract has an original duration of 1 year or less, (2) the Company has recognized revenue for the amount in which it has the right to bill, and (3) the variable consideration is allocated entirely to an unsatisfied performance obligation which is recognized as a series of distinct goods or services that form a single performance obligation.

Disaggregation of Revenue
The following is a description of principal service lines from which the Company generates its revenue:
Commercial Risk Solutions includes retail brokerage, cyber solutions, global risk consulting, and captives. Revenue primarily includes insurance commissions and fees for services rendered. Revenue is predominantly recognized at a point in time upon the effective date of the underlying policy, or for a limited number of arrangements, over the term of the arrangement using output measures to depict the transfer of control of the services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services. For arrangements recognized over time, various output measures, including units transferred and time elapsed, are utilized to provide a faithful depiction of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation. Revenue is recorded net of allowances for estimated policy cancellations, which are determined based on an evaluation of historical and current cancellation data. Commissions and fees for brokerage services may be invoiced at the effective date of the underlying policy or over the term of the arrangement in installments during the policy period.
Reinsurance Solutions includes treaty and facultative reinsurance brokerage and capital markets. Revenue primarily includes reinsurance commissions and fees for services rendered. Revenue is predominantly recognized at a point in time upon the effective date of the underlying policy (or policies), or for a limited number of arrangements, over the term of the arrangement using output measures to depict the transfer of control of the services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services. For arrangements recognized over time, various output measures, including units delivered and time elapsed, are utilized to provide a faithful depiction of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation. Commissions and fees for brokerage services may be invoiced at the inception of the reinsurance period for certain reinsurance brokerage, or more commonly, over the term of the arrangement in installments based on deposit or minimum premiums for most treaty reinsurance arrangements.
Retirement Solutions includes core retirement, investment consulting, and talent, rewards & performance. Revenue consists primarily of fees paid by customers for consulting services, such as risk management strategies, health and benefits, and human capital consulting services. Revenue is predominantly recognized over the term of the arrangement using input or output measures to depict the transfer of control of the services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services, or for certain arrangements, at a point in time upon completion of the services. For consulting arrangements recognized over time, revenue will be recognized based on a measure of progress that depicts the transfer of control of the services to the customer, utilizing an appropriate input or output measure to provide a reasonable assessment of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation including units delivered or time elapsed. Fees paid by customers for consulting services are typically charged on an hourly, project or fixed-fee basis, and revenue for these arrangements is typically recognized based on time incurred, days elapsed, or reports delivered. Revenue from time-and-materials or cost-plus arrangements are recognized as services are performed using input or output measures to provide a reasonable assessment of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation including hours worked, and revenue for these arrangements is typically recognized based on time and materials incurred. Reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses are recorded as a component of revenue. Payment terms vary but are typically over the contract term in installments.
Health Solutions includes health and benefits brokerage and healthcare exchanges. Revenue primarily includes insurance commissions and fees for services rendered. For brokerage commissions, revenue is predominantly recognized at the effective date of the underlying policy (or policies), or for a limited number of arrangements, over the term of the arrangement to depict the transfer of control of the services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services using input or output measures, including units delivered or time elapsed, to provide a faithful depiction of the progress towards completion of the performance obligation. Revenue from health care exchange arrangements are typically recognized upon successful enrollment of participants, net of a reserve for estimated cancellations. Commissions and fees for brokerage services may be invoiced at the effective date of the underlying policy or over the term of the arrangement in installments during the policy period. Payment terms for other services vary but are typically over the contract term in installments.
Data & Analytic Services includes Affinity, Aon InPoint, and ReView.  Revenue consists primarily of fees for services rendered and is predominantly recognized over the term of the arrangement to depict the transfer of control of the services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those services. Payment terms vary but are typically over the contract term in installments. For Data & Analytic Services arrangements recognized over time, revenue will be recognized based on a measure of progress that depicts the transfer of control of the services to the customer, utilizing an appropriate input or output measure to provide a faithful depiction of the progress towards completion of the performance

13



obligation, including units delivered or time elapsed. Input and output measures utilized vary based on the arrangement but typically include reports provided or days elapsed.
The following table summarizes revenue from contracts with customers by principal service line (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
Commercial Risk Solutions
 
$
1,029

 
$
3,379

Reinsurance Solutions
 
279

 
1,401

Retirement Solutions
 
501

 
1,356

Health Solutions
 
278

 
1,038

Data & Analytic Services
 
263

 
834

Elimination
 
(1
)
 
(8
)
Total revenue
 
$
2,349

 
$
8,000

Consolidated revenue from contracts with customers by geographic area, which is attributed on the basis of where the services are performed, is as follows (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
United States
 
$
1,215

 
$
3,456

Americas other than United States
 
203

 
683

United Kingdom
 
264

 
1,161

Europe, Middle East, & Africa other than United Kingdom
 
399

 
1,871

Asia Pacific
 
268

 
829

Total revenue
 
$
2,349


$
8,000


Contract Costs

The Company recognizes an asset for costs incurred to fulfill a contract for costs that are specifically identified and relate to a contract or anticipated contract, generate or enhance resources used in satisfying the Company’s performance obligations, and are expected to be recovered. Assets recognized as costs to fulfill a contract, which includes internal costs related to pre-placement broking activities, as well as other costs, are amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer of control of the services to which the asset relates. The amortization is primarily included in Compensation and benefits on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

The changes in the net carrying amount of costs to fulfill contracts with customers are as follows (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
Balance at beginning of period (1)
 
$
216

 
$
298

Additions
 
332

 
1,043

Amortization
 
(305
)
 
(1,090
)
Impairment
 

 

Foreign currency translation and other
 
5

 
(3
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
248

 
$
248

(1)
Upon adoption of the new revenue recognition standard on January 1, 2018, Aon capitalized $298 million of costs to fulfill contracts with customers.

The Company capitalizes incremental costs to obtain a contract with a customer that are expected to be recovered. Assets recognized for the costs to obtain a contract, which includes certain sales commissions, will be amortized on a systematic basis that is consistent with the transfer of control of the services to which the asset relates, considering anticipated renewals when applicable. For situations where the renewal period is one year or less and renewal costs are commensurate with the initial contract, the Company

14



has applied a practical expedient and recognized the costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred. The amortization is primarily included in Compensation and benefits on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

The changes in the net carrying amount of costs to obtain contracts with customers are as follows (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
Balance at beginning of period (1)
 
$
144

 
$
145

Additions
 
16

 
37

Amortization
 
(9
)
 
(30
)
Impairment
 

 

Foreign currency translation and other
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
150

 
$
150

(1)
Upon adoption of the new revenue recognition standard on January 1, 2018, Aon capitalized $145 million of costs to obtain contracts with customers.
4. Discontinued Operations
On February 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement with Tempo Acquisition, LLC (the “Purchase Agreement”) to sell its benefits administration and business process outsourcing business (the “Divested Business”) to an entity formed and controlled by affiliates of The Blackstone Group L.P. (the “Buyer”) and certain designated purchasers that are direct or indirect subsidiaries of the Buyer.
On May 1, 2017, the Buyer purchased all of the outstanding equity interests of the Divested Business, plus certain related assets and liabilities, for a purchase price of $4.3 billion in cash paid at closing, subject to customary adjustments set forth in the Purchase Agreement, and deferred consideration of up to $500 million (the “Transaction”). Cash proceeds after customary adjustments and before taxes due were $4.2 billion.
Aon and the Buyer entered into certain transaction-related agreements at the closing, including two commercial agreements, a transition services agreement, certain intellectual property license agreements, sub-leases, and other customary agreements. Aon expects to continue to be a significant client of the Divested Business and the Divested Business has agreed to use Aon for its broking and other services for a specified period of time.
The financial results of the Divested Business for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are presented as Net income from discontinued operations on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The following table presents the financial results of the Divested Business (in millions):
 
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30

 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenue
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
698

Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total operating expenses
 
4

 
14

 
7

 
640

Operating income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
(4
)
 
(14
)
 
(7
)
 
58

Other income (expense)
 

 
(1
)
 

 
10

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes
 
(4
)
 
(15
)
 
(7
)
 
68

Income tax expense (benefit)
 
(2
)
 
(6
)
 
(3
)
 
14

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations, excluding gain
 
(2
)
 
(9
)
 
(4
)
 
54

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax
 

 
5

 
9

 
803

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
5

 
$
857

Upon triggering held for sale criteria in February 2017, Aon ceased depreciating and amortizing all long-lived assets included in discontinued operations. Total operating expenses for 2017 include $8 million of depreciation of fixed assets and $11 million of intangible asset amortization for the time prior to the Company triggering held for sale criteria.

15



The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows present the operating, investing, and financing cash flows of the Divested Business as discontinued operations. Aon uses a centralized approach to cash management and financing of its operations. Prior to the closing of the Transaction, portions of the Divested Business’s cash were transferred to Aon daily, and Aon would fund the Divested Business as needed. There were no Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations at September 30, 2017. Total proceeds received for the sale of the divested business and taxes paid as a result of the sale are recognized on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in Cash provided by investing activities - continuing operations and Cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations, respectively.
5. Cash and Cash Equivalents and Short-term Investments
Cash and cash equivalents include cash balances and all highly liquid instruments with initial maturities of three months or less.  Short-term investments consist of money market funds. The estimated fair value of Cash and cash equivalents and Short-term investments approximates their carrying values.
At September 30, 2018, Cash and cash equivalents and Short-term investments were $651 million compared to $1,285 million at December 31, 2017, a decrease of $634 million. Of the total balances, $97 million and $96 million were restricted as to their use at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Included within the September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 balances, respectively, was £42.8 million ($56.4 million at September 30, 2018 exchange rates) and £42.7 million ($57.1 million at December 31, 2017 exchange rates) of operating funds required to be held by the Company in the United Kingdom (the “U.K.”) by the Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA”), a U.K.-based regulator, which were included in Short-term investments.
6. Other Financial Data
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income Information
Other Income (Expense)
Other income (expense) consists of the following (in millions):
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Foreign currency remeasurement gain (loss)
$
3

 
$
(20
)
 
$
16

 
$
(32
)
Gain (loss) on disposal of business
(3
)
 

 
(4
)
 
(2
)
Pension and other postretirement income (expense)

 
9

 
(5
)
 
26

Equity earnings
1

 
2

 
3

 
11

Gain (loss) on financial instruments

 
16

 
(27
)
 
6

Other

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Total
$
1

 
$
4

 
$
(17
)
 
$
6

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position Information
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
An analysis of the allowance for doubtful accounts are as follows (in millions):
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Balance at beginning of period
$
62

 
$
59

 
$
59

 
$
56

Provision charged to Other general expenses
9

 
5

 
21

 
16

Accounts written off, net of recoveries
(8
)
 

 
(17
)
 
(10
)
Foreign currency translation and other
3

 
(5
)
 
3

 
(3
)
Balance at end of period
$
66

 
$
59

 
$
66

 
$
59


16



Other Current Assets
The components of Other current assets are as follows (in millions):
As of
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Costs to fulfill contracts with customers (1)
$
248

 
$

Taxes receivable
196

 
114

Prepaid expenses
109

 
126

Receivables from the Divested Business (2)
11

 
28

Other
163

 
21

Total
$
727

 
$
289

(1)
Refer to Note 3 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” for further information.
(2)
Refer to Note 4 “Discontinued Operations” for further information.
Other Non-Current Assets
The components of Other non-current assets are as follows (in millions):
As of
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Costs to obtain contracts with customers (1)
$
150

 
$

Investments
52

 
57

Taxes receivable
75

 
84

Other
157

 
166

Total
$
434

 
$
307

(1)
Refer to Note 3 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” for further information.
Other Current Liabilities
The components of Other current liabilities are as follows (in millions):
As of
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Deferred revenue (1)
$
266

 
$
311

Taxes payable (2)
16

 
139

Other
706

 
420

Total
$
988

 
$
870

(1)
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, $133 million and $348 million, respectively, were recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
(2)
Includes a provisional estimate of $42 million for the current portion of the Transition Tax as of December 31, 2017. Refer to Note 11 “Income Taxes” for further information.

17



Other Non-Current Liabilities
The components of Other non-current liabilities are as follows (in millions):
As of
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Taxes payable (1)
$
563

 
$
529

Deferred revenue
52

 
49

Leases
157

 
153

Compensation and benefits
60

 
67

Other
258

 
304

Total
$
1,090

 
$
1,102

(1) Includes provisional estimates of $235 million and $222 million for the non-current portion of the Transition Tax as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Refer to Note 11 “Income Taxes” for further information.
7. Acquisitions and Dispositions of Businesses
Completed Acquisitions
The Company completed five acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and seventeen acquisitions during the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The following table includes the fair values of consideration transferred, assets acquired, and liabilities assumed as a result of the Company’s acquisitions (in millions):
 
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
Consideration transferred
 
 
Cash
 
$
45

Deferred and contingent consideration
 
14

Aggregate consideration transferred
 
$
59

 
 
 
Assets acquired
 
 
Receivables, net
 
$
2

Goodwill
 
31

Intangible assets, net
 
28

Other assets
 
3

Total assets acquired
 
64

Liabilities assumed
 
 
Current liabilities
 
4

Other non-current liabilities
 
1

Total liabilities assumed
 
5

Net assets acquired
 
$
59

The results of operations of these acquisitions are included in the Financial Statements as of the respective acquisition dates.  The Company’s results of operations would not have been materially different if these acquisitions had been reported from the beginning of the period in which they were acquired.
2018 Acquisitions
On May 9, 2018, the Company completed the transaction to acquire certain assets of 601West, a division of Lee & Hayes, P.L.L.C. based in the United States.
On April 24, 2018, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Inspiring Benefits, S.L., a Spain-based firm specialized in employee loyalty, wellbeing, and rewards programs.

18



On March 1, 2018, the Company completed the transaction to acquire the business and assets of the trade credit business of Niche International Business Proprietary Limited, a trade credit brokerage based in Johannesburg, South Africa.
On March 1, 2018, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Affinity Risk Partners (Brokers) Pty. Ltd., an insurance broker in Victoria, Australia.
On January 19, 2018, the Company completed the transaction to acquire substantially all of the assets of The Burchfield Group, a provider in pharmacy benefit consulting, auditing, and health plan compliance services based in the United States.
2017 Acquisitions
On December 29, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire the Townsend Group, a U.S.-based provider of global investment management and advisory services primarily focused on real estate.
 
On December 29, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Baltolink UADBB, a regional broker based in Lithuania.
 
On December 19, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire a client register of Grant Liddell Financial Advisor Services Pty Ltd in Australia.
 
On December 1, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Henderson Insurance Brokers Limited, an independent insurance broking firm based in the United Kingdom.
 
On November 30, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Unidelta AG, an insurance broker located in Switzerland.

On October 31, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Unirobe Meeùs Groep, an insurance broker based in the Netherlands.
 
On October 31, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Lenzi Paolo Broker di Assicurazioni S.r.l., an insurance broker based in Italy.
 
On October 26, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Nauman Insurance Brokers Limited, an insurance broker based in New Zealand.
 
On October 2, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Portus Consulting, an independent employee benefits firm based in the United Kingdom.
On August 31, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Mark Kelly Insurance and Financial Services PTY LTD, an Australia-based broker servicing the insurance needs of commercial clients in and around the Townsville regional center.
On August 28, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire a certain portfolio in the Charlotte office of The Hays Group, Inc. d/b/a Hays Companies.
On July 27, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Grupo Innovac Sociedad de Correduría de Seguros, S.A, an insurance broker based in Valencia, Spain.
On July 3, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire PWZ AG, an independent insurance broker based in Zurich, Switzerland.
On May 31, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire SchneiderGolling IFFOXX Assekuranzmakler AG and SchneiderGolling Industrie Assekuranzmaklergesellschaft mbH from SchneiderGolling Gruppe, a property and casualty broker based in Southern Germany.
On May 2, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire cut-e Assessment Global Holdings Limited, a high-volume online psychometric assessments provider based in Ireland.
On March 3, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire Finaccord Limited, a market research, publishing and consulting company based in the United Kingdom.
On January 19, 2017, the Company completed the transaction to acquire VERO Management AG, an insurance broker and risk advisor based in Austria.

19



Completed Dispositions
The Company completed two dispositions during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and three dispositions during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The Company completed no dispositions during the three months ended September 30, 2017 and four dispositions during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, excluding the sale of the Divested Business.
Pretax losses, net of gains, were $3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018. There were no pretax gains or losses recognized for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Pretax losses, net of gains, were $4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Total pretax losses, net of gains, recognized were $2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Gains and losses recognized as a result of a disposition are included in Other income (expense) in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
During the third quarter of 2018, Aon disposed of certain assets and liabilities that were previously classified as held for sale due to management’s decision to exit certain operations. In the second quarter of 2018, a non-cash impairment charge of $176 million was recognized to write down the assets and liabilities to a fair value less cost-to-sell of $47 million and $41 million, respectively. The impairment charge was recognized in Amortization and impairment of intangible assets on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income. Adjustments to the non-cash impairment charge in the third quarter were insignificant.
8. Restructuring
In 2017, Aon initiated a global restructuring plan (the “Restructuring Plan”) in connection with the sale of the Divested Business. The Restructuring Plan is intended to streamline operations across the organization and deliver greater efficiency, insight, and connectivity. The Company expects these restructuring activities and related expenses to affect continuing operations through 2019, including an estimated 4,200 to 4,800 role eliminations. The Restructuring Plan is expected to result in cumulative costs of approximately $1,025 million through the end of the plan, consisting of approximately $420 million in employee termination costs, $130 million in technology rationalization costs, $60 million in lease consolidation costs, $40 million in non-cash asset impairments, and $375 million in other costs, including certain separation costs associated with the sale of the Divested Business.
From the inception of the Restructuring Plan through September 30, 2018, the Company has eliminated 3,798 positions and incurred total expenses of $863 million for restructuring and related separation costs.  These charges are included in Compensation and benefits, Information technology, Premises, Depreciation of fixed assets, and Other general expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
The following table summarizes restructuring and separation costs by type that have been incurred through September 30, 2018 and are estimated to be incurred through the end of the Restructuring Plan (in millions). Estimated costs may be revised in future periods as these assumptions are updated:
 
 
Three months ended September 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2018
 
Inception to Date
 
Estimated Remaining Costs
 
Estimated Total Cost (1)
Workforce reduction
 
$
18

 
$
84

 
$
383

 
$
37

 
$
420

Technology rationalization (2)
 
12

 
30

 
63

 
67

 
130

Lease consolidation (2)
 
11

 
24

 
32

 
28

 
60

Asset impairments
 
2

 
11

 
37

 
3

 
40

Other costs associated with restructuring and separation (2) (3)
 
54

 
217

 
348

 
27

 
375

Total restructuring and related expenses
 
$
97

 
$
366

 
$
863

 
$
162

 
$
1,025

(1)
Actual costs, when incurred, may vary due to changes in the assumptions built into the Restructuring Plan. Significant assumptions that may change when plans are finalized and implemented include, but are not limited to, changes in severance calculations, changes in the assumptions underlying sublease loss calculations due to changing market conditions, and changes in the overall analysis that might cause the Company to add or cancel component initiatives.
(2)
Total contract termination costs incurred under the Restructuring Plan associated with Technology rationalizations, Lease consolidations, and Other costs associated with restructuring and separation, respectively, for the three months ended September 30, 2018 were $1 million, $11 million, and $3 million; for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 were, respectively, $2 million, $23 million, and $82 million; and since inception of the Restructuring Plan were, respectively, $3 million, $31 million, and $85 million. Total estimated contract termination costs expected to be incurred under the Restructuring Plan associated with Technology rationalizations, Lease consolidations, and Other costs associated with restructuring and separation, respectively, are $15 million, $80 million, and $85 million.
(3)
Other costs associated with the Restructuring Plan include those to separate the Divested Business, as well as moving costs, and consulting and legal fees. These costs are generally recognized when incurred.


20



The changes in the Company’s liabilities for the Restructuring Plan as of September 30, 2018 are as follows (in millions):
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2017
 
$
186

Expensed
 
336

Cash payments
 
(322
)
Foreign currency translation and other
 
(5
)
Balance as of September 30, 2018
 
$
195

9. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The changes in the net carrying amount of goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 are as follows (in millions):
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
8,358

Goodwill related to current year acquisitions
31

Goodwill related to disposals
(3
)
Goodwill related to prior year acquisitions
13

Foreign currency translation and other
(117
)
Balance as of September 30, 2018
$
8,282

Other intangible assets by asset class are as follows (in millions):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization and Impairment
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization and Impairment
 
Net Carrying Amount
Customer related and contract based
$
2,305

 
$
1,457

 
$
848

 
$
2,550

 
$
1,415

 
$
1,135

Tradenames
1,030

 
687

 
343

 
1,047

 
533

 
514

Technology and other
396

 
327

 
69

 
416

 
332

 
84

 Total
$
3,731

 
$
2,471

 
$
1,260

 
$
4,013

 
$
2,280

 
$
1,733

In the second quarter of 2017 and in connection with the completion of the sale of the Divested Business, the Company recognized a non-cash impairment charge to the associated tradenames of $380 million. The fair value of the tradenames was determined using the Relief from Royalty Method. This impairment was included in Amortization and impairment of intangible assets on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income.
The estimated future amortization for finite lived intangible assets as of September 30, 2018 is as follows (in millions):
Remainder of 2018
$
100

2019
386

2020
222

2021
128

2022
85

Thereafter
339

 Total
$
1,260

10. Debt
Notes
On March 8, 2018, the Company’s CAD 375 million ($291 million at March 8, 2018 Exchange Rates) 4.76% Senior Note due March 2018 issued by a Canadian subsidiary of Aon Corporation matured and was repaid in full.

21



Revolving Credit Facilities
As of September 30, 2018, Aon plc had two primary committed credit facilities outstanding: its $900 million multi-currency U.S. credit facility expiring in February 2021 (the “2021 Facility”) and its $400 million multi-currency U.S. credit facility expiring in October 2022 (the “2022 Facility”).
Each of these facilities includes customary representations, warranties, and covenants, including financial covenants that require Aon to maintain specified ratios of adjusted consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (“EBITDA”) to consolidated interest expense and consolidated debt to adjusted consolidated EBITDA, in each case, tested quarterly. At September 30, 2018, Aon did not have borrowings under the 2021 Facility or the 2022 Facility, and was in compliance with the financial covenants and all other covenants contained therein during the rolling twelve months ended September 30, 2018.
Commercial Paper
Aon Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Aon plc, has established a U.S. commercial paper program and Aon plc has established a European multi-currency commercial paper program (collectively, the “CP Programs”). Commercial paper may be issued in aggregate principal amounts of up to $600 million under the U.S. program and €525 million under the European program, not to exceed the amount of the Company’s committed credit, which was $1.3 billion at September 30, 2018. The U.S. commercial paper program is fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Aon plc and the European commercial paper program is fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Aon Corporation.
Commercial paper outstanding, which is included in Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position, is as follows (in millions):
As of
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Commercial paper outstanding
 
$
740

 
$

The weighted average commercial paper outstanding and its related interest rates are as follows (in millions, except percentages):
 
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted average commercial paper outstanding
 
$
820

 
$

 
$
566

 
$
227

Weighted average interest rate of commercial paper outstanding
 
0.79
%
 
%
 
0.83
%
 
0.18
%
11. Income Taxes
The effective tax rates on net income from continuing operations were 20.1% and 1.1% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The effective tax rates on net income from continuing operations were 2.0% and (49.8)% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively.
The primary drivers of the tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2018 include the geographical distribution of income and certain discrete items including return to accrual adjustments and changes in the assertion for unremitted earnings. The return to accrual adjustments also impacted the Company’s provisional estimates as described below.
The primary drivers of the tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 include the geographical distribution of income including restructuring charges, legacy litigation and the impairment of certain assets and liabilities previously classified as held for sale as well as changes from the Tax Reform Act. The tax rate was also impacted by certain discrete items including the net tax benefit associated with the sale of certain assets and liabilities previously classified as held for sale, the impact of share-based payments, and changes in the assertion for unremitted earnings.
On December 22, 2017, the Tax Reform Act was enacted into law and the new legislation contains several key tax provisions that impact the Company, including a reduction of the corporate income tax rate to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017 and a one-time mandatory transition tax on accumulated foreign earnings (the “Transition Tax”), among others. Also on December 22, 2017, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) to address the application of U.S. GAAP in situations when a registrant did not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of Tax Reform Act in the period of enactment. SAB 118 allowed registrants to record provisional amounts during a one year measurement period.


22



In the fourth quarter of 2017, a net provisional charge of $345 million was recorded which included the Transition Tax, the re-measurement of existing deferred tax balances, as well as local country income taxes, state income taxes and withholding taxes expected to be due upon repatriation of the earnings subject to the Transition Tax. In addition, the Company was unable to estimate the allocation between continuing and discontinued operations of the tax benefit from foreign tax credits generated in 2017 and related valuation allowance release.
In the second quarter of 2018, the Company reduced its provisional charge for the remeasurement of deferred taxes by $11 million to reflect the anticipated acceleration of contributions to the qualified U.S. pension plan which occurred in the third quarter of 2018.
In the third quarter of 2018, the Company revised its provisional estimates to reflect guidance issued by the U.S. Treasury and state regulatory bodies as well as refined calculations. The adjustments, primarily related to the Transition Tax, increased the provisional charge by $24 million, which increased the effective tax rate by 12.4% and 2.9% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
The Company will finalize its accounting in the fourth quarter after analyzing guidance issued during the measurement period, completing its reviews, filing its tax returns, and evaluating the local tax rules where the Company has pools of undistributed earnings within its complex legal entity structure.

12. Shareholders’ Equity
Ordinary Shares
Aon has a share repurchase program authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Repurchase Program”). The Repurchase Program was established in April 2012 with up to $5.0 billion in authorized repurchases, and was increased by $5.0 billion in authorized repurchases in each of November 2014 and February 2017 for a total of $15.0 billion in repurchase authorizations.
Under the Repurchase Program, Class A Ordinary Shares may be repurchased through the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, from time to time, based on prevailing market conditions, and will be funded from available capital.
The following table summarizes the Company’s Share Repurchase activity (in millions, except per share data):
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30
 
2018
 
2017 (1)
 
2018
 
2017 (1)
Shares repurchased
2.1


5.4


8.8


14.5

Average price per share
$
145.71


$
139.61


$
142.15


$
131.58

Costs recorded to retained earnings







Total repurchase cost
$
300


$
749


$
1,250


$
1,903

Additional associated costs
1


4


6


10

Total costs recorded to retained earnings
$
301


$
753


$
1,256


$
1,913

(1)
Included in the 5.4 million shares and 14.5 million shares repurchased during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, were 0.2 million shares that did not settle until October 2017. These shares were settled at an average price per share of $146.52 and total cost of $24.2 million.
At September 30, 2018, the remaining authorized amount for share repurchase under the Repurchase Program was $4.2 billion. Under the Repurchase Program, the Company has repurchased a total of 117.0 million shares for an aggregate cost of approximately $10.8 billion.

23



Net Income Per Share
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding are as follows (in millions):
 
Three months ended September 30
 
Nine months ended September 30
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Basic weighted average ordinary shares outstanding
244.0

 
255.6

 
246.2

 
260.9

Dilutive effect of potentially issuable shares
1.6

 
1.7

 
1.5

 
2.0

Diluted weighted average ordinary shares outstanding