485APOS 1 485afiling.htm Untitled Document

Registration Nos. 002-65539/811-2958

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM N-1A

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933   /X/

      

 Post-Effective Amendment No. 145     /X/

and/or

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 /X/

 Amendment No. 127      /X/

T. ROWE PRICE INTERNATIONAL FUNDS, INC.

Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter

100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Address of Principal Executive Offices

410-345-2000
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code

David Oestreicher

100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Name and Address of Agent for Service

Approximate Date of Proposed Public Offering January 26, 2015

 It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box):

// Immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)

// 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

/X/ 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)

// On (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485

 If appropriate, check the following box:

// This post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment.


SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Registration Statement of the T. Rowe Price International Funds, Inc. (the “Registrant”) on Form N-1A (File
Nos.: 002-65539/811-2958) is hereby amended under the Securities Act of 1933 to add two new series and two new classes.


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 

TBD

 

January 22, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Global High Income Bond Fund

A fund seeking high income primarily through investments in below-investment grade bonds and other income producing instruments.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Global High Income Bond Fund 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 7

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 12

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 19

Administrative Fee Payments 23

Account Service Fee 23

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 25

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 28

Investment Policies and Practices 33

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 46

4

Investing With T. Rowe Price

 

Account Requirements and Transaction Information 47

Opening a New Account 48

Purchasing Additional Shares 51

Exchanging and Redeeming Shares 52

Rights Reserved by the Funds 55

Information About Your Services 56

T. Rowe Price Brokerage 58

Investment Information 59

T. Rowe Price Privacy Policy 60


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks high income and, secondarily, capital appreciation.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

  

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on
purchases

NONE

  

Maximum deferred sales charge (load)

NONE

  

Redemption fee (as a percentage of amount redeemed on shares held for 90 days or less)

2.00%

  

Maximum account fee

$20a

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.59%

  

Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.00%

  

Other expenses

0.44%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

1.03%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(0.18)%c

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.85%c

a Subject to certain exceptions, accounts with a balance of less than $10,000 are charged an annual $20 fee.

b Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

c T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed (through April 30, 2017) to waive its fees and/or bear any expenses (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses, and acquired fund fees) that would cause the fund’s ratio of expenses to average daily net assets to exceed 0.85%. Termination of the agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors. Fees waived and expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund whenever the fund’s expense ratio is below 0.85%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the waiver or payment, or if it would result in the expense ratio exceeding 0.85% (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses, and acquired fund fees).

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:


  

T. Rowe Price

2

  

1 year

3 years

$87

$286

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund normally invests at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in bonds, and seeks to invest in a diversified portfolio of high yield bonds, also known as “junk” bonds, and other high income producing instruments. Junk bonds are bonds that are rated below investment grade (BB and lower, or an equivalent rating) by a credit rating agency or, if unrated, deemed to be below investment grade by T. Rowe Price.

The fund may invest in a variety of debt securities issued by U.S. and foreign corporations, U.S. and foreign governments and agencies, and supranational organizations, as well as bank loans, which represent amounts borrowed by companies from banks and other lenders. The fund normally invests at least 50% of its net assets in foreign securities, although there is no maximum amount that the fund may invest in securities of foreign issuers, including issuers in emerging markets. In addition, there is no limit on the fund’s holdings that are rated below investment grade.

Junk bonds tend to provide high income in an effort to compensate investors for their higher risk of default, which is the failure to make required interest or principal payments, and should be considered speculative. High yield bond issuers often include small or relatively new companies lacking the history or capital to merit investment-grade status, former blue chip companies downgraded because of financial problems, companies electing to borrow heavily to finance or avoid a takeover or buyout, and firms with heavy debt loads.

While high yield corporate bonds are typically issued with a fixed interest rate, bank loans usually have floating interest rates that reset periodically (typically quarterly or monthly). With bank loans, the borrowing companies tend to have significantly more debt than equity. The loans may or may not be secured by collateral and are often issued in connection with recapitalizations, acquisitions, leveraged buyouts, or refinancings. The bank loans in which the fund invests may be acquired directly from a lender or through the agent, as an assignment from another lender who holds the loans, or as a participation interest in another lender’s pool of loans. The fund may invest up to 20% of its net assets in bank loans.

The fund may invest in holdings of any maturity and does not attempt to maintain any particular weighted average maturity or duration. While most assets are typically


  

Summary

3

invested in bonds and other income producing instruments, the fund also uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps in keeping with the fund’s objectives. Forward currency exchange contracts are primarily used to protect the fund’s foreign bond holdings from adverse currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar. Credit default swaps may be used to help protect the value of certain portfolio holdings, to express a positive view on a particular issuer’s creditworthiness, or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular issuer.

The fund may sell holdings for a variety of reasons, such as to adjust the portfolio’s average maturity or credit quality, to shift assets into and out of higher-yielding securities, or to reduce its exposure to certain securities.

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Active management risk The fund is subject to the risk that the investment adviser’s judgments about the attractiveness, value, or potential appreciation of the fund’s investments may prove to be incorrect. If the securities selected and strategies employed by the fund fail to produce the intended results, the fund could underperform other funds with similar objectives and investment strategies.

Fixed income markets risk Economic and other market developments can adversely affect fixed income securities markets in the U.S. and abroad. At times, participants in these markets may develop concerns about the ability of certain issuers of debt securities to make timely principal and interest payments, or they may develop concerns about the ability of financial institutions that make markets in certain debt securities to facilitate an orderly market. Those concerns could cause increased volatility and reduced liquidity in particular securities or in the overall fixed income markets and the related derivatives markets. A lack of liquidity or other adverse credit market conditions may hamper the fund’s ability to sell the debt securities in which it invests or to find and purchase suitable debt instruments.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security could suffer an adverse change in financial condition that results in a payment default, security downgrade, or inability to meet a financial obligation.

Because a significant portion of the fund’s investments may be rated below investment grade, the fund is exposed to greater volatility and credit risk than if it invested mainly in investment-grade bonds and loans. High yield bond and loan issuers are usually not as strong financially as investment-grade bond issuers and, therefore, are more likely to suffer an adverse change in financial condition that would result in the inability to meet a financial obligation. Accordingly, securities and loans involving such companies carry a higher risk of default and should be considered speculative.


  

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Interest rate risk This is the risk that a rise in interest rates will cause the price of a fixed rate debt security to fall. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities carry greater interest rate risk.

While a rise in rates is the principal source of interest rate risk for bond funds, falling rates bring the possibility that a bond may be “called,” or redeemed before maturity, and that the proceeds may be reinvested in lower-yielding securities.

Bank loan risk To the extent the fund invests in bank loans, it is exposed to additional risks beyond those normally associated with more traditional debt securities. The fund’s ability to receive payments in connection with the loan depends primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and whether or not a loan is secured by collateral, although there is no assurance that the collateral securing a loan will be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligation. In addition, bank loans often have contractual restrictions on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that the fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Reduced liquidity in the bond markets can result from a number of events, such as significant trading activity, reductions in bond inventory, and rapid or unexpected changes in interest rates. Less liquid markets could lead to greater price volatility and limit the fund’s ability to sell a holding at a suitable price.

Foreign investing risk Investing in the securities of non-U.S. issuers involves special risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. issuers. Foreign securities tend to be more volatile and less liquid than investments in U.S. securities, and may lose value because of adverse political, social, or economic developments overseas, or due to changes in the exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar. In addition, foreign investments are subject to settlement practices, and regulatory and financial reporting standards, that differ from those of the U.S.

Emerging markets risk The risks of foreign investing are heightened for securities of issuers in emerging market countries. Emerging market countries tend to have economic structures that are less diverse and mature, and political systems that are less stable, than those of developed countries. In addition to all of the risks of investing in foreign developed markets, emerging markets are more susceptible to governmental interference, local taxes being imposed on foreign investments, restrictions on gaining access to sales proceeds, and less liquid and efficient trading markets.

Derivatives risk To the extent the fund uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps, it is exposed to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt securities. These instruments can be illiquid and difficult to value, may involve leverage so that small changes produce disproportionate losses for the fund and, if not traded on an exchange, are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under


  

Summary

5

the derivatives contract. The fund’s principal use of derivatives involves the risk that anticipated changes in currency values, currency exchange rates, or the creditworthiness of an issuer will not be accurately predicted, which could significantly harm the fund’s performance.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.

Current performance information may be obtained through troweprice.com or by calling 1-800-225-5132.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

Investment Sub-adviser T. Rowe Price International Ltd (T. Rowe Price International)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Michael Della Vedova

Co-Chairman of
Investment Advisory Committee

2015

2009

Mark J. Vaselkiv

Co-Chairman of
Investment Advisory Committee

2015

1988

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund’s investment minimums generally are as follows (if you hold shares through a financial intermediary, the intermediary may impose different investment minimums):

   

Type of Account

Minimum
initial purchase

Minimum subsequent
purchase

Individual retirement accounts, small business retirement plan accounts, and Uniform Gifts to Minors Act or Uniform Transfers to Minors Act accounts

$1,000

$100

   

All other accounts

  2,500

   100

You may purchase, redeem, or exchange shares of the fund on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business by accessing your account online at troweprice.com, by calling 1-800-225-5132, or by written request. If you hold shares through a financial intermediary, you must purchase, redeem, and exchange shares through your intermediary.


  

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Tax Information

The fund declares dividends daily and pays them on the first business day of each month. Any capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

As a T. Rowe Price shareholder, you will want to know about the following policies and procedures that apply to Investor Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for the funds is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. The fund uses outside pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income


  

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8

securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

If your request is received by T. Rowe Price in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value.

The funds generally do not accept orders that request a particular day or price for a transaction or any other special conditions.

Fund shares may be purchased through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. Where authorized by a fund, orders will be priced at the net asset value next computed after receipt by the intermediary. Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value. Under certain conditions, a money fund may accept and process purchase and redemption orders beyond the close of the New York Stock Exchange on days that the New York Stock Exchange closes early and does not reopen, and may accept orders on a business day that the New York Stock Exchange is unexpectedly closed.

How You Can Receive the Proceeds From a Sale

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed to you by check or sent electronically to your bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, your proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive your redemption request. Under certain limited circumstances, the Board of Directors/Trustees of a money fund may elect to suspend redemptions and postpone payment of redemption proceeds in order to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the money fund.

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Africa & Middle East

2%

90 days or less

Asia Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Credit Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Diversified Small-Cap Growth

1%

90 days or less


  

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T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Emerging Europe

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500

0.5%

90 days or less

European Stock

2%

90 days or less

Extended Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Floating Rate

2%

90 days or less

Global Growth Stock

2%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond

2%

90 days or less

Global Real Estate

2%

90 days or less

Global Stock

2%

90 days or less

High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

International Bond

2%

90 days or less

International Discovery

2%

90 days or less

International Equity Index

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income

2%

90 days or less

International Stock

2%

90 days or less

Japan

2%

90 days or less

Latin America

2%

90 days or less

New Asia

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets

2%

90 days or less

Real Estate

1%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value

1%

90 days or less

Spectrum International

2%

90 days or less

Tax-Efficient Equity

1%

less than 365 days

Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Total Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

U.S. Bond Enhanced Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

11

redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For a fund with a 365-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold before the end of the required holding period. For funds with a 90-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;


  

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· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to identify intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts and to enter into agreements requiring the intermediary to assess the redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.


  

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Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested are paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Money funds

· Purchases received by T. Rowe Price by noon ET via wire begin to earn dividends on that day. Other shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

These stock funds only:

· Balanced

· Dividend Growth

· Equity Income

· Equity Index 500

· Global Real Estate

· Growth & Income

· Personal Strategy Balanced

· Personal Strategy Income

· Real Estate

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Other stock funds

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.


  

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Dividend Payment Schedule

Retirement and Spectrum Funds:

 

· Retirement Income and
Spectrum Income

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond and money fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends; the information previously described may vary.

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.

Capital gain payments are not expected from money funds, which are managed to maintain a constant share price.


  

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Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

Additional information about the taxation of dividends for certain T. Rowe Price funds is listed below:

 

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Regular monthly dividends (including those from the state-specific tax-free funds) are expected to be exempt from federal income taxes.

· Exemption is not guaranteed, since the fund has the right under certain conditions to invest in nonexempt securities.

· A fund may hold Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds. Investments in these bonds will result in taxable interest income, although the federal income tax on such interest income may be fully or partially offset by the specified tax credits that are available to the bondholders. A fund may elect to pass through to the shareholders taxable interest income and any corresponding tax credits. Any available tax credits—which are also included in federal taxable income—generally can be used to offset federal regular income tax and alternative minimum tax, but those tax credits generally are not refundable.

· Tax-exempt dividends paid to Social Security recipients may increase the portion of benefits that is subject to tax.

· For state-specific funds, the monthly dividends you receive are expected to be exempt from state and local income tax of that particular state. For other funds, a small portion of your income dividend may be exempt from state and local income taxes.

· If a fund invests in certain “private activity” bonds that are not exempt from the alternative minimum tax, shareholders who are subject to the alternative minimum tax must include income generated by those bonds in their alternative minimum tax calculation. Private activity bonds issued in 2009 and 2010, and refunding bonds issued in 2009 and 2010 to refund private activity bonds that were issued from the beginning of 2004 to the end of 2008, are exempt from the alternative minimum tax. The portion of a fund’s income dividend that should be included in your alternative minimum tax calculation, if any, will be reported to you by mid-February on Form 1099-DIV.

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the


  

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121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the Global Real Estate Fund, Real Estate Fund, or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock funds or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, new tax regulations require us to
report the cost basis information to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost


  

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basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you


  

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will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

The following table provides additional details on distributions for certain funds:

 

Taxes on Fund Distributions

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Gains realized on the sale of market discount bonds with maturities beyond one year may be treated as ordinary income and cannot be offset by other capital losses.

· Payments received or gains realized on certain derivative transactions may result in taxable ordinary income or capital gains.

· To the extent the fund makes such investments, the likelihood of a taxable distribution will be increased.

Inflation Protected Bond Fund

· Inflation adjustments on Treasury inflation-protected securities that exceed deflation adjustments for the year will be distributed as a short-term capital gain resulting in ordinary income.

· In computing the distribution amount, the fund cannot reduce inflation adjustments by short- or long-term capital losses from the sales of securities.

· Net deflation adjustments for a year may result in all or a portion of dividends paid earlier in the year being treated as a return of capital. 

Retirement and Spectrum Funds

· Distributions by the underlying funds and changes in asset allocations may result in taxable distributions of ordinary income or capital gains.

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.


  

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TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If you pay with a check or Automated Clearing House transfer that does not clear or if your payment is not received in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. You will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent, and the fund can redeem shares you own in this or another identically registered T. Rowe Price account as reimbursement. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If you sell shares that you just purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process your redemption but will generally delay sending you the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through your paycheck.)

Telephone and Online Account Transactions You may access your account and conduct transactions using the telephone or the T. Rowe Price website. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs.


  

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Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).


  

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21

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price contacts the intermediary and may request personal identifying information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and


  

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their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

Due to the relatively high cost to a fund of maintaining small accounts, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1,000 ($10,000 for Summit Funds). If, for any reason, your balance is below this amount for three months or longer, we have the right to redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. This could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

You may need to have your signature guaranteed in certain situations, such as:

· Written requests: (1) to redeem over $100,000 or (2) to wire redemption proceeds when prior bank account authorization is not on file.

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file.

· Transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours.

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.


  

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ADMINISTRATIVE FEE PAYMENTS 

The funds may make payments to retirement plans, broker-dealers, and other financial intermediaries (at a rate of up to 0.15% of average daily net assets per year) for transfer agency, recordkeeping, and other administrative services that they provide on behalf of the funds. These administrative services may include services such as maintaining separate account records for each customer; transmitting net purchase and redemption orders; delivering shareholder confirmations, statements, and tax forms; and providing support to respond to customers’ questions regarding their accounts. These payments are reflected in the “Other expenses” line that appears in a fund’s fee table in Section 1.

ACCOUNT SERVICE FEE 

In an effort to help offset the disproportionately high costs incurred by the funds in connection with servicing lower-balance accounts, an annual $20 account service fee (paid to T. Rowe Price Services, Inc., or one of its affiliates) is charged to certain fund accounts with a balance below $10,000. The determination of whether a fund account is subject to the account service fee is based on account balances and services selected for accounts as of the last business day of August. The fee will be charged to an account with a balance below $10,000 for any reason, including market fluctuation and recent redemptions. The fee, which is automatically deducted from an account by redeeming fund shares, is typically charged to accounts in early September each calendar year. Such redemption may result in a taxable gain or loss to you.

The account service fee generally does not apply to fund accounts that are held through an intermediary, participant accounts in employer-sponsored retirement plans for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services, or money funds that are used as a T. Rowe Price Brokerage sweep account. Regardless of a particular fund account’s balance on the last business day of August, the account service fee is automatically waived for accounts that satisfy any of the following conditions:

· Any accounts for which the shareholder has elected to receive electronic delivery of all of the following: account statements, transaction confirmations, prospectuses, and shareholder reports;

· Any accounts of a shareholder with at least $50,000 in total assets with T. Rowe Price (for this purpose, total assets includes investments in T. Rowe Price mutual funds, except for those held through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services; T. Rowe Price Brokerage; and T. Rowe Price variable annuities); or


  

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· Any accounts of a shareholder who is a T. Rowe Price Preferred Services, Personal Services, or Enhanced Personal Services client (enrollment in these programs generally requires T. Rowe Price assets of at least $100,000—visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-537-1098 for more information).

T. Rowe Price reserves the right to authorize additional waivers for other types of accounts or to modify the conditions for assessment of the account service fee. Fund shares held in a T. Rowe Price individual retirement account, Education Savings Account, or small business retirement plan account (including certain 403(b) plan accounts) are subject to the account service fee and may be subject to additional administrative fees when distributing all fund shares from such accounts.


   

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3

  
ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price International Funds, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1979. Currently, the corporation consists of 22 series, each representing a separate pool of assets with different objectives and investment policies. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of changes in the fund’s management contract.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold annual meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, annual meetings are only held when certain matters, such as a change in fundamental policies, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).


  

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All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price or an affiliated investment adviser—specifically by the fund’s portfolio managers.

Investment Advisers

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of September 30, 2014, the Firm had approximately $731 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

T. Rowe Price has entered into a sub-advisory agreement with T. Rowe Price International under which T. Rowe Price International is authorized to trade securities and make discretionary investment decisions on behalf of the fund. T. Rowe Price International is an investment adviser registered or licensed with the SEC, United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, Financial Services Agency of Japan, and other non-U.S. regulatory authorities. T. Rowe Price International sponsors and serves as adviser to foreign collective investment schemes and provides investment management services to investment companies and other institutional investors. T. Rowe Price International is headquartered in London and has several branch offices around the world. T. Rowe Price International is a direct subsidiary of T. Rowe Price and its address is 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TZ, United Kingdom.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairmen have day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and work with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Michael Della Vedova and Mark J. Vaselkiv, Co-Chairmen, Sheldon Chan, Michael F. Connelly, Justin T. Gerbereux, Alastair M. Gilmour, Samy B. Muaddi, and Ben T. Yeagle. The following information provides the year that the chairmen first joined the Firm and the chairmen’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairmen may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Della Vedova and Mr. Vaselkiv have been co-chairmen of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. Mr. Della Vedova joined the Firm in 2009 and his investment experience dates from 1993. He served as a portfolio manager and credit analyst with the Firm throughout the past five years. Mr. Vaselkiv joined the Firm in 1988 and his investment experience dates from 1984. He has served as a portfolio manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio managers’


  

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compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio managers, and the portfolio managers’ ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

This fee has two parts–an “individual fund fee,” which reflects a fund’s particular characteristics, and a “group fee.” The group fee, which is designed to reflect the benefits of the shared resources of the T. Rowe Price investment management complex, is calculated daily based on the combined net assets of all T. Rowe Price funds (except the Spectrum Funds, Retirement Funds, Target Retirement Funds, TRP Reserve Investment Funds, and any index or private label mutual funds). The group fee schedule (in the following table) is graduated, declining as the asset total rises, so shareholders benefit from the overall growth in mutual fund assets.

Group Fee Schedule

  

  0.334%*

First $50 billion

0.305%

Next $30 billion

0.300%

Next $40 billion

0.295%

Next $40 billion

0.290%

Next $60 billion

0.285%

Next $80 billion

0.280%

Next $100 billion

0.275%

Thereafter

* Represents a blended group fee rate containing various breakpoints.

The fund’s group fee is determined by applying the group fee rate to the fund’s average daily net assets. On May 31, 2014, the annual group fee rate was 0.29%. The individual fund fee, also applied to the fund’s average daily net assets, is 0.30%.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price and the subadvisory contract with T. Rowe Price International will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services, Inc. provides recordkeeping, sub-transfer agency, and administrative services for certain types of retirement plans investing in the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services. The funds may also pay third-party intermediaries for performing shareholder and administrative services for underlying shareholders in omnibus accounts. All of the fees discussed above are included in the fees and expenses table under “Other expenses” and in the fund’s financial statements.


  

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MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Consider your investment goals, your time horizon for achieving them, and your tolerance for risk. If you are a long-term, risk-tolerant investor seeking a high level of current income and some appreciation potential, the fund may be appropriate but should not represent a significant portion of your assets. If you are investing primarily for stability and liquidity, the fund is not appropriate, and you should consider a less risky fund.

The fund could generate higher income than higher-quality bond funds and could have greater potential for capital appreciation. Because the loan and high yield bond markets can be more sensitive to changes in economic growth than interest rates, the fund may outperform high-quality bond funds when the outlook for the economy is positive.

The fund’s yield will vary. A fund’s yield is the annualized dividends earned for a given period (typically 30 days for bond funds), divided by the share price at the end of the period. A fund’s total return includes distributions from income and capital gains and the change in share price for a given period.

Credit quality refers to a bond issuer’s expected ability to make all required interest and principal payments on time. Because highly-rated issuers represent less risk, they can borrow at lower interest rates than less-creditworthy issuers. Therefore, a fund investing in high-quality securities should have a lower yield than an otherwise comparable fund investing in lower-quality securities.

Every bond has a stated maturity date when the issuer must repay the bond’s entire principal value to the investor. However, many bonds are “callable,” meaning their principal can be repaid before the stated maturity date. Bonds are most likely to be called when interest rates are falling because the issuer can refinance at a lower rate, just as a homeowner refinances a mortgage when interest rates fall. In that environment, a bond’s “effective maturity” is usually its nearest call date. For example, the rate at which homeowners pay down their mortgage principal determines the effective maturity of mortgage-backed bonds.

A bond fund has no real maturity, but it does have a weighted average maturity and a weighted average effective maturity. Each of these numbers is an average of the stated or effective maturities of the underlying bonds, with each bond’s maturity “weighted” by the percentage of fund assets it represents. (A fund’s average effective maturity is calculated by reference to the nearest mortgage prepayment dates, call dates, or coupon reset dates of the underlying holdings.) Some funds utilize effective maturities rather than stated maturities when managing a fund to a certain average maturity, which provides additional flexibility in portfolio management.

Duration is a calculation that seeks to measure the price sensitivity of a bond or a bond fund to changes in interest rates. It is expressed in years, like maturity, but it is


  

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a better indicator of price sensitivity than maturity because it takes into account the time value of cash flows generated over the bond’s life. Future interest and principal payments are discounted to reflect their present value and then multiplied by the number of years they will be received to produce a value expressed in years–the duration. “Effective” duration takes into account call features and sinking fund payments that may shorten a bond’s life.

Since duration can be computed for bond funds, you can estimate the effect of interest rate fluctuations on share prices by multiplying fund duration by an expected change in interest rates. For example, the price of a bond fund with a duration of five years would be expected to fall approximately 5% if rates rose by one percentage point. A bond fund with a longer duration will generally be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a bond fund with a shorter duration. (A bond fund’s duration is shown in its shareholder report.)

Duration measures only sensitivity to interest rate changes—the dominant source of risk for high-quality bond funds. It does not reflect risk from other sources, such as bond defaults. Therefore, duration may not be as significant an indicator of overall risk for a fund such as this one that invests in noninvestment-grade bonds.

The fund relies heavily on rigorous proprietary credit research. While bottom-up security selection is a focus of the fund’s investment program, the fund also invests with an awareness of the outlook for certain industry sectors and geographic areas. Country allocation is driven largely by security selection, though we may limit investments in markets that appear to have poor overall prospects. In addition to investments in high yield corporate bonds and other income-producing securities, the fund also uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps as part of its principal investment strategies. Forward currency exchange contracts are used primarily to protect the fund’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated holdings from adverse currency movements by hedging the fund’s foreign currency exposure back to the U.S. dollar. The fund may buy credit default swaps to protect against an expected decline in the creditworthiness of an issuer and the value of the securities it issues or sell credit default swaps to benefit from an expected improvement in an issuer’s creditworthiness. In addition, the fund may use credit default swaps as a more efficient or economical means of gaining exposure to a particular issuer, such as when the issuer’s bonds are difficult to buy or the swap contract is more attractively priced than the bonds.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. The income level of the fund will change with market conditions and interest rate levels.

Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

Market risk The market price of securities owned by the fund may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Securities may decline in value due to factors


  

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affecting the overall securities markets, or particular industries or sectors. The value of a security may decline due to general market conditions which are not specifically related to a particular issuer, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for an issuer’s financial condition, changes in interest or currency rates, or adverse investor sentiment generally. The value of a security may also decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry.

Interest rate risk This is the risk that prices of bonds and other fixed income securities will increase as interest rates fall and prices will decrease as interest rates rise (bond prices and interest rates usually move in opposite directions). Prices fall because the bonds and notes in the fund’s portfolio become less attractive to other investors when securities with higher yields become available. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities have greater interest rate risk. As a result, in a rising interest rate environment, the net asset value of a fund with a longer weighted average maturity typically decreases at a faster rate than the net asset value of a fund with a shorter weighted average maturity. If the fund purchases longer-maturity bonds and interest rates rise unexpectedly, the fund’s share price could decline.

Call risk This is the risk that during periods of falling interest rates, issuers of callable bonds may redeem securities with higher interest rates before their maturity. The fund would then lose any price appreciation above the bond’s call price and would be forced to reinvest the unanticipated proceeds at lower interest rates, resulting in a decline in a fund’s income.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security held by the fund will default (fail to make scheduled payments), potentially reducing the fund’s income and share price. This risk is increased when a portfolio security is downgraded or the perceived creditworthiness of an issuer or counterparty deteriorates. Companies issuing high yield bonds are not as strong financially as those with higher credit ratings, so the bonds are usually considered speculative investments. These companies are more vulnerable to financial setbacks and recession than more creditworthy companies, which may impair their ability to make interest and principal payments. Therefore, the credit risk for the fund’s portfolio increases when the U.S. economy slows or enters a recession.

The fund may be more vulnerable to interest rate risk if it is focusing on BB rated bonds since better-quality “junk” bonds follow the investment-grade market to some extent. If the fund focuses on bonds rated B and below, credit risk will probably predominate.

The fund’s credit risk will increase if it invests in credit obligations of distressed issuers and other issuers involved in restructurings, including those that are in covenant or payment default. Such obligations are subject to a multitude of legal,


  

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industry, market, economic and governmental forces, each of which make analysis of these companies inherently difficult. The repayment of defaulted obligations is subject to significant uncertainties and might be repaid, either in full or in part or through the receipt of a new security or obligation, only after lengthy workout or bankruptcy proceedings. A bankruptcy court may approve actions that would be contrary to the fund’s interests and, if an anticipated transaction does not occur, the fund may be required to sell its investment at a substantial loss.

The fund’s overall credit risk will increase if it invests in loans that are not secured by collateral. Further, even if the fund’s claim on a loan is senior when it first invests in the loan, the claim may be subordinated or diluted at the time the fund makes a claim. Senior loans are subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a senior loan, which typically holds the most senior position in the issuer’s capital structure, to presently existing or future indebtedness or take other action detrimental to the holders of senior loans.

Other risks of junk bond investing The entire noninvestment-grade bond market can experience sudden and sharp price swings due to a variety of factors, including changes in economic forecasts, stock market activity, large sustained sales by major investors, a high-profile default, or a change in the market’s psychology. This type of volatility is usually associated more with stocks than bonds, but “junk” bond investors should be prepared for such price swings.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that a fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Sectors of the bond market can experience sudden downturns in trading activity. During periods of reduced market liquidity, the spread between the price at which a security can be bought and the price at which it can be sold can widen, and the fund may not be able to sell a holding readily at a price that reflects what the fund believes it should be worth. Less liquid securities can also become more difficult to value.

Foreign investing risk To the extent a fund holds foreign securities, it will be subject to special risks, whether the securities are denominated in U.S. dollars or foreign currencies. These risks include potentially adverse political, social, and economic conditions overseas, greater volatility, lower liquidity, and the possibility that foreign currencies will decline against the dollar, lowering the value of securities denominated in those currencies and possibly a fund’s share price.

Emerging markets risk The fund’s investments in emerging markets are subject to the risk of abrupt and severe price declines. The economic and political structures of developing or emerging market countries, in most cases, do not compare favorably with the U.S. or other developed countries in terms of wealth and stability, and their financial markets often lack liquidity. These economies are less developed and can be overly reliant on particular industries and more vulnerable to the ebb and flow of international trade and capital trade barriers and other protectionist or retaliatory measures. Sanctions and other intergovernmental actions are more likely to be


  

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undertaken against an emerging market country, which could result in the devaluation of the country’s currency, a downgrade in the country’s credit rating, and a decline in the value and liquidity of securities issued by the country’s government and by companies located in or doing business in the country. Sanctions could result in the immediate freeze of securities issued by an emerging market company or government, which would impair the ability of a fund to buy, sell, or receive proceeds from the sanctioned securities. Some countries have legacies of hyperinflation and currency devaluations versus the U.S. dollar (which adversely affect returns to U.S. investors). Significant devaluations have occurred in recent years in various emerging market countries. Governments of some emerging market countries have defaulted on their bonds, and investors in this sector must be prepared for similar events in the future.

Derivatives risk The fund’s use of forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps exposes the fund to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt instruments. These instruments can experience reduced liquidity and become difficult to value, and any of these instruments not traded on an exchange are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under the derivatives contract. The use of these instruments involves the risks that anticipated changes in currency movements or the creditworthiness of an issuer will not be accurately predicted.

Efforts to reduce risk The portfolio manager may mitigate but not eliminate risk through one or more of the following:

· Thorough credit research performed by T. Rowe Price analysts;

· Extensive diversification, which helps limit the fund’s exposure to any one industry or issuer;

· Variations in the amount of assets invested in various types of securities; and

· Employing an active sell discipline to reduce unwanted securities.

Additional strategies and risks In addition to the fund’s normal investments, the fund may employ other strategies that are not considered part of its principal investment strategies. Such investments may include other securities and, to a limited extent, other types of derivatives than those described in the fund’s principal investment strategies.

A derivative involves risks different from, and possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the assets on which the derivative is based. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid, and difficult to value. Changes in the value of a derivative may not properly correlate with changes in the value of the underlying asset, reference rate, or index. A fund could be exposed to significant losses if it is unable to close a derivatives position due to the lack of a liquid secondary trading market. Derivatives involve the risk that a counterparty to the derivatives agreement will fail to make required payments or comply with the terms of the agreement. There is also the possibility that limitations or trading restrictions may be imposed by


  

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an exchange or government regulation, which could adversely impact the value and liquidity of a derivatives contract subject to such regulation.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to invest at least 80% of its net assets in bonds.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus. For instance, there are also limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have significantly more of an impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made


  

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(this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.

Portfolio managers have considerable discretion in choosing investment strategies and selecting securities they believe will help achieve fund objectives.

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund. These limitations do not apply to fund purchases of securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies, or instrumentalities.

Bonds

A bond is an interest-bearing security. The issuer has a contractual obligation to pay interest at a stated rate on specific dates and to repay principal (the bond’s face value) on a specified date. An issuer may have the right to redeem or “call” a bond before maturity, and the investor may have to reinvest the proceeds at lower market rates. Bonds can be issued by U.S. and foreign governments, states, and municipalities, as well as a wide variety of companies.

A bond’s annual interest income, set by its coupon rate, is usually fixed for the life of the bond. Its yield (income as a percent of current price) will fluctuate to reflect changes in interest rate levels. A bond’s price usually rises when interest rates fall and vice versa, so its yield generally stays consistent with current market conditions. High yield bond prices may be less directly responsive to interest rate changes than investment-grade issues and may not always follow this pattern.

Conventional fixed rate bonds offer a coupon rate for a fixed maturity with no adjustment for inflation. Real rate of return bonds also offer a fixed coupon but include ongoing inflation adjustments for the life of the bond.

Bonds may be unsecured (backed by the issuer’s general creditworthiness only) or secured (also backed by specified collateral). Most high yield “junk” bonds are unsecured. Bonds include asset- and mortgage-backed securities.


  

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Certain bonds have floating or variable interest rates that are adjusted periodically based on a particular index. These interest rate adjustments tend to minimize fluctuations in the bonds’ principal values. The maturity of certain floating rate securities may be shortened under certain specified conditions.

The price and yield of lower-quality (high yield, high-risk) bonds, commonly referred to as “junk” bonds, and below investment-grade emerging market bonds, can be expected to fluctuate more than the price and yield of higher-quality bonds. Because these bonds are rated below BBB or are in default, they are regarded as predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s continuing ability to meet principal and interest payments. Successful investment in lower-medium- and low-quality bonds involves greater investment risk and is highly dependent on T. Rowe Price’s credit analysis. A real or perceived economic downturn or higher interest rates could cause a decline in high yield bond prices by lessening the ability of issuers to make principal and interest payments. These bonds are often thinly traded and can be more difficult to sell and value accurately than high-quality bonds. Because objective pricing data may be less available, judgment may play a greater role in the valuation process. In addition, the entire high yield bond market can experience sudden and sharp price swings due to a variety of factors, including changes in economic forecasts, stock market activity, large or sustained sales by major investors, a high-profile default, or just a change in the market’s psychology. This type of volatility is usually associated more with stocks than bonds, but “junk” bond investors should be prepared for it.

Operating policy There is no limit on the fund’s investments in bonds that are rated below investment grade.

Zero Coupon Bonds and Pay-in-Kind Bonds

A zero coupon bond does not make cash interest payments during a portion or all of the life of the bond. Instead, it is sold at a deep discount to face value, and the interest consists of the gradual appreciation in price as the bond approaches maturity. Zero coupon bonds can be an attractive financing method for issuers with near-term cash-flow problems or seeking to preserve liquidity. Pay-in-kind bonds pay interest in cash or additional securities, at the issuer’s option, for a specified period. Like zero coupon bonds, they may help a corporation conserve cash flow. Pay-in-kind prices reflect the market value of the underlying debt plus any accrued interest. Zero coupon bonds and pay-in-kinds can be higher- or lower-quality debt, and both are more volatile than coupon bonds. There is no limit on fund investments in these securities.

A fund is required to distribute to shareholders income imputed to any zero coupon bonds or pay-in-kind investments. Such distributions could reduce a fund’s reserve position and require a fund to sell securities and incur a gain or loss at a time it may not otherwise want to in order to provide the cash necessary for these distributions.


  

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Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stock has a specified dividend and ranks after bonds and before common stocks in its claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Convertible Securities , Contingent Capital Securities, and Warrants

Investments may be made in debt or preferred equity securities that are convertible into, or exchangeable for, equity securities at specified times in the future and according to a certain exchange ratio. Convertible bonds are typically callable by the issuer, which could in effect force conversion before the holder would otherwise choose. Traditionally, convertible securities have paid dividends or interest at rates higher than common stocks but lower than nonconvertible securities. They generally participate in the appreciation or depreciation of the underlying stock into which they are convertible, but to a lesser degree than common stock. Some convertible securities combine higher or lower current income with options and other features. Contingent capital securities are securities issued by banks and other financial institutions that are intended to provide a buffer (i.e., loss absorption) under scenarios when it may be difficult for the institution to raise new capital. Many of these securities are designed with features to either convert into equity of the issuer or have their principal written down by a predetermined percentage upon the occurrence of certain triggers. The principal write-down features may be triggered upon conditions such as the issuer’s capital ratio falling below a certain level or the financial system being deemed in crisis based on an assessment by regulators or objective indicators such as aggregate losses. Contingent capital securities carry the risk that conditions could cause the principal to be written down to zero and that a coupon could be cancelled at the financial institution’s discretion or at the request of regulators to help the institution absorb losses. Warrants are options to buy, directly from the issuer, a stated number of shares of common stock at a specified price anytime during the life of the warrants (generally, two or more years). Warrants have no voting rights, pay no dividends, and can be highly volatile. In some cases, the redemption value of a warrant could be zero.

Operating policy The fund may invest up to 5% of total assets in stocks, warrants, and other equity securities. Investments in convertible securities and contingent capital securities are not subject to this limit.


  

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Loan Participations and Assignments

A fund may make investments through the purchase or execution of a privately negotiated note representing the equivalent of a loan. Larger loans to corporations or governments may be shared or syndicated among several lenders, usually banks. The fund could participate in such syndicates or could buy part of a loan, becoming a direct lender. These loans may often be obligations of companies or governments in financial distress or in default. These investments involve special types of risk, including those of being a lender, reduced liquidity, increased credit risk, and volatility.

Bank loans may be acquired directly through an agent acting on behalf of the lenders participating in the loan, as an assignment from another lender who holds a direct interest in the loan, or as a participation interest in another lender’s portion of the loan. An assignment typically results in the purchaser succeeding to all rights and obligations under the loan agreement between the assigning lender and the borrower. However, assignments may be arranged through private negotiations, and the rights and obligations acquired by the purchaser of an assignment may differ from, and be more limited than, those held by the assigning lender.

A participation interest is a fractional interest in a loan, issued by a lender or other financial institution. To the extent a fund invests in loans through participation interests, it will be more difficult for the fund to enforce its rights against the borrower because the fund will have established a direct contractual relationship with the seller of the participation interest but not with the borrower. When the fund invests in a loan by participation, it must rely on another party not only for the enforcement of its rights against the borrower, but also for the receipt and processing of payments due under the loan. Investing in a participation interest limits the fund’s ability to file a claim directly as a creditor in the event of the borrower’s bankruptcy.

Operating policy Fund investments in bank loans, including loan participations and assignments, are limited to 20% of total assets.

Deferrable Subordinated Securities

These are securities with long maturities that are deeply subordinated in the issuer’s capital structure. They generally have maturities of 30 years or longer, and permit the issuer to defer distributions for up to five years. These characteristics give the issuer more financial flexibility than is typically the case with traditional bonds. As a result, the securities may be viewed as possessing certain “equity-like” features by rating agencies and bank regulators. However, the securities are treated as debt securities by market participants, and the fund intends to treat them as such as well. These securities may offer a mandatory put or remarketing option that creates an effective maturity date significantly shorter than the stated one. Fund investments will be made in these securities to the extent their yield, credit, and maturity characteristics are consistent with the fund’s investment objective and program.


  

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Trade Claims

Trade claims are non-securitized rights of payment arising from a business transaction, such as a vendor or supplier extending credit to a company by offering payment terms for products or services. As a result of the bankruptcy of a company, payments on trade claims stop and the claims are subject to compromise along with the other debts of the company. Trade claims may be purchased directly from the creditor or through a broker, and are typically bought at a discount to their face value with the size of the discount reflecting the probability of repayment. Trade claims may experience considerable price volatility and are typically considered to be illiquid.

Operating policy Fund investments in trade claims are limited to 5% of total assets.

Foreign Securities

Investments may be made in foreign securities. These include nondollar-denominated securities traded outside of the U.S. and dollar-denominated securities of foreign issuers traded in the U.S. (such as Yankee bonds). Investing in foreign securities involves special risks that can increase the potential for losses. These include: exposure to potentially adverse local, political, social, and economic developments such as war, political instability, hyperinflation, currency devaluations, and overdependence on particular industries; government interference in markets such as nationalization and exchange controls, expropriation of assets, or imposition of punitive taxes; the imposition of international trade and capital barriers, and other protectionist or retaliatory measures; potentially lower liquidity and higher volatility; possible problems arising from accounting, disclosure, settlement, and regulatory practices and legal rights that differ from U.S. standards; and the chance that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates will decrease the investment’s value (favorable changes can increase its value). These risks are heightened for a fund’s investments in emerging markets.

Foreign securities increase fund diversification and may enhance return, but they involve special risks, especially from emerging markets.

Operating policy There is no limit on fund investments in foreign securites.

Mortgage- and Asset-Backed Securities

These may take a variety of forms, including conventional mortgage securities, collateralized mortgage obligations, interest only stripped securities, and principal only stripped securities.

Operating policy Fund investments in mortgage- and asset-backed securities are limited to 5% of total assets.

Derivatives and Leverage

A derivative is a financial instrument whose value is derived from an underlying security, such as a stock or bond, or from a market benchmark, such as an interest


  

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rate index. Many types of investments representing a wide range of risks and potential rewards may be considered derivatives, including conventional instruments such as futures and options, as well as other potentially more complex investments such as swaps and structured notes. The use of derivatives can involve leverage. Leverage has the effect of magnifying returns, positively or negatively. The effect on returns will depend on the extent to which an investment is leveraged. For example, an investment of $1, leveraged at 2 to 1, would have the effect of an investment of $2. Leverage ratios can be higher or lower with a corresponding effect on returns. The fund may use derivatives in certain situations to help accomplish any or all of the following: to hedge against a decline in principal value, to increase yield, to manage exposure to changes in interest or currency exchange rates, to invest in eligible asset classes with greater efficiency and at a lower cost than is possible through direct investment, or to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure.

While individual fund investments may involve leverage, the fund will not invest in any high-risk, highly leveraged derivative instrument that, at the time of entering into the derivative transaction, is expected to cause the overall price volatility of the portfolio to be meaningfully greater than that of a long-term high yield bond.

Derivatives that may be used include the following instruments, as well as others that combine the risk characteristics and features of futures, options, and swaps:

Futures and Options Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in interest rates, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; to serve as a cash management tool; and to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes. A fund may choose to continue a futures contract by “rolling over” an expiring futures contract into an identical contract with a later maturity date. This could increase the fund’s transaction costs and portfolio turnover rate.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. The total


  

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market value of securities covering call or put options may not exceed 25% of total assets. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options.

Swaps Fund investments may be made in interest rate, index, total return, credit default, and other types of swap agreements, as well as options on swaps, commonly referred to as “swaptions,” and interest rate swap futures, which are instruments that provide a way to obtain swap exposure and the benefits of futures in one contract. All of these agreements are considered derivatives and, in certain cases, high-risk derivatives. Interest rate, index, and total return swaps are two-party contracts under which a fund and a counterparty, such as a broker or dealer, agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or indexes. Credit default swaps are agreements where one party (the protection buyer) will make periodic payments to another party (the protection seller) in exchange for protection against specified credit events, such as defaults and bankruptcies related to an issuer or underlying credit instrument. Swap futures are futures contracts on interest rate swaps that enable purchasers to settle in cash at a future date at the price determined by a specific benchmark rate at the end of a fixed period. Swaps, swaptions, and swap futures can be used for a variety of purposes, including to manage a fund’s overall exposure to changes in interest or foreign currency exchange rates and credit quality; as an efficient means of adjusting a fund’s exposure to certain markets; in an effort to enhance income or total return or protect the value of portfolio securities; to serve as a cash management tool; and to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure.

There are risks in the use of swaps and related instruments. Swaps could result in losses if interest or foreign currency exchange rates or credit quality changes are not correctly anticipated by a fund. Total return swaps could result in losses if the reference index, security, or investments do not perform as anticipated. Credit default swaps can increase a fund’s exposure to credit risk and could result in losses if evaluation of the creditworthiness of the counterparty, or of the company or government on which the credit default swap is based, is incorrect. The use of swaps, swaptions, and swap futures may not always be successful. Using them could lower a fund’s total return, their prices can be highly volatile, and the potential loss from the use of swaps can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such instruments. Also, the other party to a swap agreement could default on its obligations or refuse to cash out a fund’s investment at a reasonable price, which could turn an expected gain into a loss. Although there should be minimal counterparty risk associated with investments in interest rate swap futures, a fund could experience delays and/or losses due to the bankruptcy of a swap dealer through which the fund engaged in the transaction.

Operating policies A swap agreement with any single counterparty will not be entered into if the net amount owed or to be received under existing contracts with that party would exceed 5% of total assets or if the net amount owed or to be received by the


  

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fund under all outstanding swap agreements will exceed 10% of total assets. (Swap agreements that are cleared and settled through a clearinghouse, or traded on an exchange or swap execution facility, are not subject to these limits.) For swaptions, the total market value of securities covering call or put options may not exceed 25% of total assets. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put swaptions.

Hybrid Instruments These instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount or interest rate of a hybrid could be tied (positively or negatively) to the price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index or another interest rate (each a “benchmark”). Hybrids can be used as an efficient means of pursuing a variety of investment goals, including currency hedging, duration management, and increased total return. Hybrids may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. The value of a hybrid or its interest rate may be a multiple of a benchmark and, as a result, may be leveraged and move (up or down) more steeply and rapidly than the benchmark. These benchmarks may be sensitive to economic and political events, such as commodity shortages and currency devaluations, which cannot be readily foreseen by the purchaser of a hybrid. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero. Thus, an investment in a hybrid may entail significant market risks that are not associated with a similar investment in a traditional, U.S. dollar-denominated bond that has a fixed principal amount and pays a fixed rate or floating rate of interest. The purchase of hybrids also exposes the fund to the credit risk of the issuer of the hybrid. These risks may cause significant fluctuations in the net asset value of the fund.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Currency Derivatives Funds that invest in foreign securities may attempt to hedge their exposure to potentially unfavorable currency changes. The primary means of doing this is through the use of forward currency exchange contracts, which are contracts between two counterparties to exchange one currency for another on a future date at a specified exchange rate. A fund may also use these instruments to create a synthetic bond, which is issued in one currency with the currency component transformed into another currency. However, futures, swaps, and options on foreign currencies may also be used. In certain circumstances, a fund may use currency derivatives to substitute a different currency for the currency in which the investment is denominated, a strategy known as proxy hedging. If a fund were to engage in any of these foreign currency transactions, it could serve to protect the fund’s foreign securities from adverse currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar, although the fund may also use currency derivatives in an effort to gain exposure to a


  

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currency expected to appreciate in value versus other currencies. As a result, a fund could be invested in a currency without holding any securities denominated in that currency. Such transactions involve, among other risks, the risk that anticipated currency movements will not occur, which could reduce a fund’s total return. There are certain markets, including many emerging markets, where it is not possible to engage in effective foreign currency hedging.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility because of the potential lack of liquidity.

As a shareholder of an investment company not sponsored by T. Rowe Price, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.

A fund may also invest in certain other T. Rowe Price funds as a means of gaining efficient and cost-effective exposure to certain asset classes, provided the investment is consistent with the fund’s investment program and policies. Such an investment could allow the fund to obtain the benefits of a more diversified portfolio than might otherwise be available through direct investments in the asset class, and will subject the fund to the risks associated with the particular asset class. Examples of asset classes in which other T. Rowe Price mutual funds concentrate their investments include high yield bonds, floating rate loans, international bonds, emerging market bonds, stocks of companies involved in activities related to real assets and emerging market stocks. If the fund invests in another T. Rowe Price fund, the management fee paid by the fund will be reduced to ensure that the fund does not incur duplicate management fees as a result of its investment.


  

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Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

A certain portion of fund assets may be held in reserves. Fund reserve positions can consist of: 1) shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund; 2) short-term, high-quality U.S. and foreign dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements; and 3) U.S. dollar or non-U.S. dollar currencies. For temporary, defensive purposes, there is no limit on a fund’s holdings in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to achieve its objectives. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Short Sales

A fund may sell a security short as a hedge against portfolio holdings that may be expected to decline in value. In short sales, investors sell borrowed securities in hopes of buying them back later at a lower price. However, if the price rises instead of falls, the investor will lose money when repurchasing the security.

Operating policy The fund’s short sales of specific securities are limited to situations where the fund owns a debt security of a company and sells short a different type of security issued by the same company, such as common or preferred stock or a senior or junior debt security. The total market value of all securities sold short may not exceed 2% of fund net assets.

When-Issued Securities and Forwards

A fund may purchase securities on a when-issued or delayed delivery basis or may purchase or sell securities on a forward commitment basis. There is no limit on fund investments in these securities. The price of these securities is fixed at the time of the


  

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commitment to buy, but delivery and payment take place after the customary settlement period for that type of security (often a month or more later). During the interim period, the price and yield of the securities can fluctuate, and typically no interest accrues to the purchaser. At the time of delivery, the market value of the securities may be more or less than the purchase or sale price. To the extent the fund remains fully or almost fully invested (in securities with a remaining maturity of more than one year) at the same time it purchases these securities, there will be greater fluctuations in the fund’s net asset value than if the fund did not purchase them.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.

Credit Quality Considerations

The credit quality of many fund holdings is evaluated by rating agencies such as Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (Moody’s), Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services (S&P), and Fitch Ratings (Fitch). Credit quality refers to the issuer’s ability and willingness to meet all required interest and principal payments. The highest ratings are assigned to companies perceived to have the lowest credit risks. T. Rowe Price credit research analysts also evaluate fund holdings, including those rated by outside agencies. Other things being equal, lower-rated bonds and other debt obligations have higher yields due to greater credit risk. High-yield bonds, also called “junk” bonds, are those rated in the BB category and below by S&P and Fitch, and in the Ba category and below by Moody’s.

Credit quality ratings are not guarantees. They are estimates of a company’s creditworthiness and ability to make interest and principal payments as they come due. Ratings can change at any time due to real or perceived changes in a company’s credit or financial fundamentals.

The following table shows the rating scale used by the major rating agencies. T. Rowe Price considers publicly available ratings but emphasizes its own credit analysis when selecting investments.


  

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Ratings of Debt Securities

           
 

Moody’s

S & P

Fitch

Definition

Long Term

Aaa

AAA

AAA

 

Highest quality

 

Aa

AA

AA

 

High quality

 

A

A

A

 

Upper-medium grade

 

Baa

BBB

BBB

 

Medium grade

 

Ba

BB

BB

 

Speculative

 

B

B

B

 

Highly speculative

 

Caa

CCC

CCC

 

Vulnerable to default

 

Ca

CC

CC

 

Default is imminent

 

C

C

C

 

Typically in default

 

D

D

D

 

In default

 

Moody’s

 

S&P

 

Fitch

Commercial Paper

P-1

Superior quality

A-1+

A-1

Extremely strong quality

Strong quality

F-1+

F-1

Exceptionally strong quality

Very strong quality

 

P-2

Strong quality

A-2

Satisfactory quality

F-2

Good credit quality

 

P-3

Acceptable quality

A-3

B

C

Adequate quality

Speculative quality

Doubtful quality

F-3

Fair credit quality

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions.

Funds investing in bonds may have higher turnover than funds investing in stocks. Unlike stocks, fixed-maturity bonds require reinvestment. For funds investing in short-term securities, mortgage-backed securities, and callable debt, frequent reinvestment of principal is often required. Common trading strategies, such as mortgage dollar rolls, can increase turnover. Active investment strategies, such as sector rotation and duration management, also necessitate more frequent trading. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the inital period of operations may exceed 100%.


  

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DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


   

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ACCOUNT REQUIREMENTS AND TRANSACTION INFORMATION
   
  

If you are purchasing fund shares through a third-party intermediary, contact the intermediary for information regarding its policies on purchasing, exchanging, and redeeming fund shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums.

   

Tax Identification
Number

 

We must have your correct Social Security number or employer identification number on a signed New Account form or W-9 Form. Otherwise, federal law requires the funds to withhold a percentage of your dividends, capital gain distributions, and redemptions and may subject you to an Internal Revenue Service fine. If this information is not received within 60 days after your account is established, your account may be redeemed at the fund’s then-current net asset value.

   

Transaction Confirmations

 

We send immediate confirmations for most of your fund transactions. However, certain transactions, such as systematic purchases, dividend reinvestments, checkwriting redemptions for money funds, and transactions in money funds used as a T. Rowe Price Brokerage sweep account, do not receive an immediate transaction confirmation but are reported on your account statement. Please review transaction confirmations and account statements as soon as you receive them and promptly report any discrepancies to Shareholder Services by calling 1-800-225-5132.

   

Employer-Sponsored
Retirement Plans and
Institutional Accounts

 

Transaction procedures in the following sections may not apply to employer-sponsored retirement plans and institutional accounts. For procedures regarding employer-sponsored retirement plans, please call T. Rowe Price Trust Company or consult your plan administrator. For institutional account procedures, please call your designated account manager or service representative. For information on all retirement plans, please call 1-800-492-7670.


  

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We do not accept third-party checks for initial purchases; however, we do accept third-party checks for subsequent purchases. In addition, T. Rowe Price does not accept purchases by cash, traveler’s checks, or credit card checks.

OPENING A NEW ACCOUNT
   
  

$2,500 minimum initial investment; $1,000 for individual retirement accounts, certain small business retirement accounts, and Uniform Gifts to Minors Act/Uniform Transfers to Minors Act accounts ($25,000 minimum initial investment for Summit Funds only); purchases through an intermediary or certain employer-sponsored retirement plans may be subject to different minimums

   

Important Information
About Opening an Account

 

Pursuant to federal law, all financial institutions must obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person or entity that opens an account. This information is needed not only for the account owner and any other person who opens the account, but also for any person who has authority to act on behalf of the account.

   
  

When you open an account, you will be asked for the name, residential street address, date of birth, and Social Security number or employer identification number for each account owner and person(s) opening an account on behalf of others, such as custodians, agents, trustees, or other authorized signers. Corporate and other institutional accounts require documents showing the existence of the entity (such as articles of incorporation or partnership agreements) to open an account. Certain other fiduciary accounts (such as trusts or power of attorney arrangements) require documentation, which may include an original or certified copy of the trust agreement or power of attorney to open an account. For more information, call Investor Services at
1-800-638-5660.


  

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We will use this information to verify the identity of the person(s)/entity opening the account. We will not be able to open your account until we receive all of this information. If we are unable to verify your identity, we are authorized to take any action permitted by law. (See Rights Reserved by the Funds.)

   
  

The funds are generally available only to investors residing in the United States. In addition, purchases in state tax-free funds are limited to investors living in states where the fund is available for sale. The address of record on your account must be located in one of these states, or you will be restricted from purchasing fund shares. Contact Investor Services for more information.

   

Account Registration

 

If you own other T. Rowe Price funds, you should consider registering any new account identically to your existing accounts so you can exchange shares among them easily. (The name(s) of the account owner(s) and the account type must be identical.)

   
  

For joint accounts or other types of accounts owned or controlled by more than one party, either owner/party has complete authority to act on behalf of all and give instructions concerning the account without notice to the other party. T. Rowe Price may, in its sole discretion, require written authorization from all owners/parties to act on the account for certain transactions (for example, to transfer ownership).

   

By Mail

 

Please make your check payable to T. Rowe Price Funds (otherwise it may be returned), and send your check, together with the New Account form, to the appropriate address below:

via U.S. Postal Service
T. Rowe Price Account Services
P.O. Box 17300
Baltimore, MD 21297-1300

via private carriers/overnight services
T. Rowe Price Account Services
Mail Code 17300
4515 Painters Mill Road
Owings Mills, MD 21117-4903

   
  

Note: Please use the correct address to avoid a delay in opening your new account.


  

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By Wire

 

Visit us online at troweprice.com, under the Customer Service – FAQ section, or call Investor Services for an account number and wire transfer instructions.

   
  

In order to obtain an account number, you must supply the name, date of birth, Social Security number or employer identification number, and residential or business street address for each owner on the account.

   
  

Complete a New Account form and mail it to one of the appropriate T. Rowe Price addresses listed under By Mail.

   
  

Note: Although the purchase will be made, services may not be established and Internal Revenue Service penalty withholding may occur until we receive a signed New Account form.

   

Online

 

You can open a new mutual fund account online. Go to troweprice.com/newaccount to choose the type of account you wish to open.

   
  

To open an account electronically, you must be a U.S. citizen residing in the U.S. or a resident alien and not subject to Internal Revenue Service backup withholding. Additionally, you must provide consent to receive certain documents electronically.

   
  

You will have the option of providing your bank account information that will enable you to make electronic funds transfers to and from your bank account. To set up this banking service online, additional steps will be taken to verify your identity.

   

By Exchange

 

Visit us online at troweprice.com (see Automated Services under Information About Your Services) or call Shareholder Services. The new account will have the same registration as the account from which you are exchanging. Services for the new account may be carried over by telephone request if they are preauthorized on the existing account. For limitations on exchanging, please see Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements—Excessive and Short-Term Trading.

   

In Person

 

Drop off your New Account form at any Investor Center location listed on the back cover and obtain a receipt.


  

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PURCHASING ADDITIONAL SHARES
   
  

$100 minimum per fund account for all additional purchases, including those made through Automatic Asset Builder (all funds except Summit Funds); $100 minimum per fund account for additional purchases through Automatic Asset Builder and $1,000 for all other additional purchases (Summit Funds); purchases through an intermediary or certain employer-sponsored retirement plan may be subject to different minimums

   

By Automated
Clearing House

 

Visit us online at troweprice.com, under the Customer Service – FAQ section, or call Shareholder Services if you have established electronic transfers using the Automated Clearing House system.

   

By Wire

 

Go to troweprice.com, under the Customer Service – FAQ section, or call Shareholder Services for wire transfer instructions. T. Rowe Price must receive the wire by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) to receive that day’s share price. There is no assurance that you will receive the share price for the same day you initiated the wire from your financial institution.

   

By Mail

 

1. Make your check payable to T. Rowe Price Funds (otherwise it may be returned).

2. Mail the check to us at the following address with either a fund reinvestment slip or a note indicating the fund you want to purchase and your fund account number.

3. Please use the correct address to avoid a delay in processing your transaction and remember to provide your account number and the fund name on the memo line of your check.

   
  

via U.S. Postal Service
T. Rowe Price Account Services
P.O. Box 17300
Baltimore, MD 21297-1300

(To send mail directly to T. Rowe Price via private carriers and overnight services, see previous section.)


  

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Your transaction will receive the share price for the business day that the request is received by T. Rowe Price prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) (not the day the request is received at the P.O. Box).

   

By Automatic
Asset Builder

 

Fill out the Automatic Asset Builder section on the New Account form or Shareholder Services form.

EXCHANGING AND REDEEMING SHARES
   

Exchange Service

 

You can move money from one account to an existing, identically registered account or open a new identically registered account. For taxable accounts, an exchange from one fund to another is considered a sale and purchase for tax purposes. (Exchanges into a state tax-free fund are limited to investors living in states where the fund is available.) For exchange policies, please see Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements—Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy.

   

Redemptions

 

Redemption proceeds can be mailed to your account address, sent by Automated Clearing House transfer to your bank, or wired to your bank (provided your bank information is already on file). Redemption proceeds of less than $5,000 sent by wire are subject to a $5 fee paid to the fund. Please note that large purchase and redemption requests initiated through automated services, including the National Securities Clearing Corporation, may be rejected and, in such instances, the transaction must be placed by contacting a service representative.

   
  

If you request to redeem a specific dollar amount, and the market value of your account is less than the amount of your request, your redemption will not be processed and you will need to submit a new redemption request in proper form. If you change your address on an account, proceeds will not be mailed to the new address for 15 calendar days after the address change, unless we receive a signature guaranteed letter of instruction.

   
 

 

Some of the T. Rowe Price funds may impose a redemption fee. Check the fund’s prospectus under


  

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Contingent Redemption Fee in Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds. The fee is paid to the fund.

   
  

For redemptions by check or electronic transfer, please see Information About Your Services.

   

Online

 

Visit us online at troweprice.com. Customers with Account Access (our secure self-service Web platform for individual investors) can electronically exchange shares between identically registered T. Rowe Price accounts and electronically redeem shares from their mutual fund accounts.

   

By Phone

 

You can call Shareholder Services at 1-800-225-5132 to place your transaction. If you find our phones busy during unusually volatile markets, please consider placing your order online through troweprice.com.

   

By Mail

 

For each account involved, provide the account name and number, fund name, and exchange or redemption amount. For exchanges, be sure to specify any fund you are exchanging out of and the fund or funds you are exchanging into. T. Rowe Price may require a signature guarantee of all registered owners (see Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements—Signature Guarantees). Please use one of the following addresses:


  

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For nonretirement and individual retirement accounts:
via U.S. Postal Service
T. Rowe Price Account Services
P.O. Box 17302
Baltimore, MD 21297-1302

via private carriers/overnight services
T. Rowe Price Account Services
Mail Code 17302
4515 Painters Mill Road
Owings Mills, MD 21117-4903

For employer-sponsored retirement accounts:
via U.S. Postal Service
T. Rowe Price Trust Company
P.O. Box 17479
Baltimore, MD 21297-1479

via private carriers/overnight services
T. Rowe Price Trust Company
Mail Code 17479
4515 Painters Mill Road
Owings Mills, MD 21117-4903

   
  

For requests that are not sent via private carriers or overnight services, your transaction will receive the share price for the business day that the request is received by T. Rowe Price prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) (not the day the request is received at the P.O. Box).

   
  

Requests for redemptions from employer-sponsored retirement accounts may be required to be in writing; please call T. Rowe Price Trust Company or your plan administrator for instructions. Individual retirement account distributions may be requested in writing or by telephone; please call Shareholder Services to obtain an Individual Retirement Account Distribution form or an Individual Retirement Account Shareholder Services form to authorize the telephone redemption service.


  

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RIGHTS RESERVED BY THE FUNDS
   
  

T. Rowe Price funds and their agents, in their sole discretion, reserve the following rights: (1) to waive or lower investment minimums; (2) to accept initial purchases by telephone; (3) to refuse any purchase or exchange order; (4) to cancel or rescind any purchase or exchange order placed through an intermediary no later than the business day after the order is received by the intermediary (including, but not limited to, orders deemed to result in excessive trading, market timing, or 5% ownership); (5) to cease offering fund shares at any time to all or certain groups of investors; (6) to freeze any account and suspend account services when notice has been received of a dispute regarding the ownership of the account, or a legal claim against an account, upon initial notification to T. Rowe Price of a shareholder’s death until T. Rowe Price receives required documentation in good order, or if there is reason to believe a fraudulent transaction may occur; (7) to otherwise modify the conditions of purchase and modify or terminate any services at any time; (8) to waive any wire, small account, maintenance, or fiduciary fees charged to a group of shareholders; (9) to act on instructions reasonably believed to be genuine; (10) to involuntarily redeem an account at the net asset value calculated the day the account is redeemed, in cases of threatening conduct, suspected fraudulent or illegal activity, or if the fund or its agent is unable, through its procedures, to verify the identity of the person(s) or entity opening an account; and (11) for money funds, to suspend redemptions and postpone the payment of proceeds to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the fund.


  

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INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR SERVICES
   

Shareholder Services

1-800-225-5132

Investor Services

1-800-638-5660

 

Many services are available to you as a shareholder; some you receive automatically, and others you must authorize or request on the New Account form. By signing up for services on the New Account form, you avoid having to complete a separate form at a later time and obtain a signature guarantee. This section discusses some of the services currently offered.

   

Retirement Plans

 

We offer a wide range of plans for individuals, institutions, and large and small businesses: Traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, SIMPLE IRAs, SEP-IRAs, 401(k)s, and 403(b)(7)s. For information on individual retirement accounts or our no-load variable annuity (for existing variable annuity contract holders), call Investor Services. For information on all other retirement plans, please call 1-800-492-7670.

   

Investing for College
Expenses

 

We can help you save for future college expenses on a tax-advantaged basis.

   
  

529 Plans
T. Rowe Price manages three 529 plans that are available directly to investors: the T. Rowe Price College Savings Plan (a national plan sponsored by the Education Trust of Alaska), the Maryland College Investment Plan, and the University of Alaska College Savings Plan. Account earnings are federal income tax-free when used for qualified expenses. For more information on the T. Rowe Price College Savings Plan (national plan), call 1-800-369-3641; Maryland College Investment Plan, call 1-888-4-MD-GRAD; and University of Alaska College Savings Plan, call
1-866-277-1005.

   

Automated Services

 

Online Account Access
You can sign up online to conduct account transactions through our website at troweprice.com.

   


 

Tele*AccessSM

1-800-638-2587
24-hour service via a toll-free number enables you to access information on fund performance, prices, distributions, account balances, and your latest transactions.


  

Investing With T. Rowe Price

57

   
  

Plan Account Line

1-800-401-3279
This 24-hour service is similar to Tele*AccessSM but is designed specifically to meet the needs of retirement plan investors.

   

By Telephone and
In Person

 

Purchase, redeem, or exchange shares by calling one of our service representatives or by visiting one of our Investor Center locations listed on the back cover.

   

Electronic Transfers

 

By Automated Clearing House
This free service allows you to move as little as $100 or as much as $250,000 between your bank account and fund account using the Automated Clearing House system. Enter instructions via your personal computer or call Shareholder Services.

   
  

By Wire
Electronic transfers can be conducted via bank wire. There is a $5 fee for wire redemptions under $5,000, and your bank may charge for incoming or outgoing wire transfers regardless of size.

   

Checkwriting

 

(Not available for equity funds or the Credit Opportunities, Emerging Markets Bond, Emerging Markets Corporate Bond, Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond, Floating Rate, Global High Income Bond, Global Unconstrained Bond, High Yield, International Bond, or U.S. Bond Enhanced Index Funds.) You may write an unlimited number of free checks on any money fund and most bond funds, with a minimum of $500 per check. Keep in mind, however, that a check results in a redemption; a check written on a bond fund will create a taxable event that you and we must report to the Internal Revenue Service.

   

Automatic Investing

 

Automatic Asset Builder
You can instruct us to automatically transfer money from your bank account, or you can instruct your employer to send all or a portion of your paycheck to the fund or funds you designate. Each systematic purchase must be at least $100 per fund account to be eligible for the Automatic Asset Builder service. Minimum initial purchase requirements will still apply.


  

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58

   
  

Automatic Exchange
You can set up systematic investments from one fund account into another, such as from a money fund into a stock fund.

T. ROWE PRICE BROKERAGE
   

To Open a Brokerage Account

1-800-638-5660

For Existing
Brokerage Customers

1-800-225-7720

 

Investments available through our Brokerage service include stocks, options, bonds, and other securities at commission savings over full-service brokers.* We also provide a wide range of services, including:

Automated Telephone and Computer Services
You can enter stock and option orders, access quotes, and review account information around the clock by phone with Tele-Trader or via the Internet with Account Access-Brokerage.

   
  

Investor Information
Access our online research tools that can help you better evaluate economic trends and investment opportunities.

   
  

Dividend Reinvestment Service
If you elect to participate in this service, the cash dividends from the eligible securities held in your account will automatically be reinvested in additional shares of the same securities free of charge. Most securities listed on national securities exchanges or NASDAQ are eligible for this service.

*Services vary by firm.

T. Rowe Price Brokerage is a division of T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc., Member FINRA/SIPC.


  

Investing With T. Rowe Price

59

INVESTMENT INFORMATION
   
  

To help you monitor your investments and make decisions that accurately reflect your financial goals, T. Rowe Price offers a wide variety of information in addition to account statements. Most of this information is also available on our website at troweprice.com.

   
  

If your account has no activity in it for a certain period of time, T. Rowe Price may be required to transfer your account to the appropriate state under its abandoned property laws.

   
  

A note on mailing procedures: If two or more members of a household own the same fund, we economize on fund expenses by sending only one fund report and prospectus. If you need additional copies or do not want your mailings to be “householded,” please call Shareholder Services at 1-800-225-5132 or write to us at P.O. Box 17630, Baltimore, MD 21297-1630.

   
  

Shareholder Reports
Fund managers’ annual and semiannual reviews of their strategies and performance.

   
  

The T. Rowe Price Report
A quarterly investment newsletter discussing markets and financial strategies and including the Performance Update, a review of all T. Rowe Price fund results.

   
  

Insights
Educational reports on investment strategies and financial markets.

   
  

Investment Guides
Funds Guide and Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) Guide.


  

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60

T. ROWE PRICE PRIVACY POLICY

In the course of doing business with T. Rowe Price, you share personal and financial information with us. We treat this information as confidential and recognize the importance of protecting access to it.

You may provide information when communicating or transacting business with us in writing, electronically, or by phone. For instance, information may come from applications, requests for forms or literature, and your transactions and account positions with us. On occasion, such information may come from consumer reporting agencies and those providing services to us.

We do not sell information about current or former customers to any third parties, and we do not disclose it to third parties unless necessary to process a transaction, service an account, or as otherwise permitted by law. We may share information within the T. Rowe Price family of companies in the course of providing or offering products and services to best meet your investing needs. We may also share that information with companies that perform administrative or marketing services for T. Rowe Price, with a research firm we have hired, or with a business partner, such as a bank or insurance company with which we are developing or offering investment products. When we enter into such a relationship, our contracts restrict the companies’ use of our customer information, prohibiting them from sharing or using it for any purposes other than those for which they were hired.

We maintain physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to protect your personal information. Within T. Rowe Price, access to such information is limited to those who need it to perform their jobs, such as servicing your accounts, resolving problems, or informing you of new products or services. Finally, our Code of Ethics, which applies to all employees, restricts the use of customer information and requires that it be held in strict confidence.

This Privacy Policy applies to the following T. Rowe Price family of companies: T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Advisory Services, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Trust Company; and the T. Rowe Price Funds.


For mutual fund or T. Rowe Price Brokerage information

Investor Services

1-800-638-5660

For existing accounts

Shareholder Services

1-800-225-5132

For the hearing impaired

1-800-367-0763

For performance, prices, or account information

Tele*AccessSM

24 hours, 7 days
1-800-638-2587

Internet address

troweprice.com

Plan Account Line

For retirement plan investors: The appropriate 800 number appears on your retirement account statement.


   

Investor Centers

For directions, call
1-800-225-5132 or
visit our website

Baltimore Area

Downtown

105 East Lombard
Street

Owings Mills

Three Financial Center
4515 Painters Mill Road

Colorado Springs

Financial Center One
2260 Briargate Parkway

Tampa

4211 W. Boy Scout
Boulevard
8th Floor

Washington, D.C. Area

Downtown

1717 K Street, N.W.
Suite A-100

Tysons Corner

1600 Tysons Boulevard
Suite 150
McLean, Virginia

A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, or for shareholder inquiries, call 1-800-638-5660. These documents and updated performance information are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

  

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.
100 East Pratt Street
Baltimore, MD 21202

  

1940 Act File No. 811-2958

TBD 1/22/15


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 

TBD

 

January 22, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Global High Income Bond Fund–Advisor Class

A fund seeking high income primarily through investments in below-investment grade bonds and other income producing instruments. This class of shares is sold only through financial intermediaries.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Global High Income Bond Fund—Advisor Class 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 6

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 10

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 14

Distribution, Shareholder Servicing, and Recordkeeping Fees 18

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 20

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 23

Investment Policies and Practices 28

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 41

4

Investing With T. Rowe Price

 

Account Requirements and Transaction Information 42

Purchasing Additional Shares 44

Exchanging and Redeeming Shares 44

Rights Reserved by the Funds 45

T. Rowe Price Privacy Policy 46


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks high income and, secondarily, capital appreciation.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund’s Advisor Class

  

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

Redemption fee (as a percentage of amount redeemed on shares held for 90 days or less)

2.00%

  

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.59%

  

Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.25%

  

Other expenses

0.62%a

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

1.46%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(0.46)%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

1.00%b

a T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed (through April 30, 2017) to waive its fees and/or bear any expenses (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses, and acquired fund fees) that would cause the fund’s ratio of expenses to average daily net assets to exceed 1.00%. Termination of the agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors. Fees waived and expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund whenever the fund’s expense ratio is below 1.00%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the waiver or payment, or if it would result in the expense ratio exceeding 1.00% (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses, and acquired fund fees).

b Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

  

1 year

3 years

$102

$355


  

T. Rowe Price

2

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund normally invests at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in bonds, and seeks to invest in a diversified portfolio of high yield bonds, also known as “junk” bonds, and other high income producing instruments. Junk bonds are bonds that are rated below investment grade (BB and lower, or an equivalent rating) by a credit rating agency or, if unrated, deemed to be below investment grade by T. Rowe Price.

The fund may invest in a variety of debt securities issued by U.S. and foreign corporations, U.S. and foreign governments and agencies, and supranational organizations, as well as bank loans, which represent amounts borrowed by companies from banks and other lenders. The fund normally invests at least 50% of its net assets in foreign securities, although there is no maximum amount that the fund may invest in securities of foreign issuers, including issuers in emerging markets. In addition, there is no limit on the fund’s holdings that are rated below investment grade.

Junk bonds tend to provide high income in an effort to compensate investors for their higher risk of default, which is the failure to make required interest or principal payments, and should be considered speculative. High yield bond issuers often include small or relatively new companies lacking the history or capital to merit investment-grade status, former blue chip companies downgraded because of financial problems, companies electing to borrow heavily to finance or avoid a takeover or buyout, and firms with heavy debt loads.

While high yield corporate bonds are typically issued with a fixed interest rate, bank loans usually have floating interest rates that reset periodically (typically quarterly or monthly). With bank loans, the borrowing companies tend to have significantly more debt than equity. The loans may or may not be secured by collateral and are often issued in connection with recapitalizations, acquisitions, leveraged buyouts, or refinancings. The bank loans in which the fund invests may be acquired directly from a lender or through the agent, as an assignment from another lender who holds the loans, or as a participation interest in another lender’s pool of loans. The fund may invest up to 20% of its net assets in bank loans.

The fund may invest in holdings of any maturity and does not attempt to maintain any particular weighted average maturity or duration. While most assets are typically invested in bonds and other income producing instruments, the fund also uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps in keeping with the fund’s objectives. Forward currency exchange contracts are primarily used to protect


  

Summary

3

the fund’s foreign bond holdings from adverse currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar. Credit default swaps may be used to help protect the value of certain portfolio holdings, to express a positive view on a particular issuer’s creditworthiness, or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular issuer.

The fund may sell holdings for a variety of reasons, such as to adjust the portfolio’s average maturity or credit quality, to shift assets into and out of higher-yielding securities, or to reduce its exposure to certain securities.

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Active management risk The fund is subject to the risk that the investment adviser’s judgments about the attractiveness, value, or potential appreciation of the fund’s investments may prove to be incorrect. If the securities selected and strategies employed by the fund fail to produce the intended results, the fund could underperform other funds with similar objectives and investment strategies.

Fixed income markets risk Economic and other market developments can adversely affect fixed income securities markets in the U.S. and abroad. At times, participants in these markets may develop concerns about the ability of certain issuers of debt securities to make timely principal and interest payments, or they may develop concerns about the ability of financial institutions that make markets in certain debt securities to facilitate an orderly market. Those concerns could cause increased volatility and reduced liquidity in particular securities or in the overall fixed income markets and the related derivatives markets. A lack of liquidity or other adverse credit market conditions may hamper the fund’s ability to sell the debt securities in which it invests or to find and purchase suitable debt instruments.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security could suffer an adverse change in financial condition that results in a payment default, security downgrade, or inability to meet a financial obligation.

Because a significant portion of the fund’s investments may be rated below investment grade, the fund is exposed to greater volatility and credit risk than if it invested mainly in investment-grade bonds and loans. High yield bond and loan issuers are usually not as strong financially as investment-grade bond issuers and, therefore, are more likely to suffer an adverse change in financial condition that would result in the inability to meet a financial obligation. Accordingly, securities and loans involving such companies carry a higher risk of default and should be considered speculative.

Interest rate risk This is the risk that a rise in interest rates will cause the price of a fixed rate debt security to fall. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities carry greater interest rate risk.


  

T. Rowe Price

4

While a rise in rates is the principal source of interest rate risk for bond funds, falling rates bring the possibility that a bond may be “called,” or redeemed before maturity, and that the proceeds may be reinvested in lower-yielding securities.

Bank loan risk To the extent the fund invests in bank loans, it is exposed to additional risks beyond those normally associated with more traditional debt securities. The fund’s ability to receive payments in connection with the loan depends primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and whether or not a loan is secured by collateral, although there is no assurance that the collateral securing a loan will be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligation. In addition, bank loans often have contractual restrictions on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that the fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Reduced liquidity in the bond markets can result from a number of events, such as significant trading activity, reductions in bond inventory, and rapid or unexpected changes in interest rates. Less liquid markets could lead to greater price volatility and limit the fund’s ability to sell a holding at a suitable price.

Foreign investing risk Investing in the securities of non-U.S. issuers involves special risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. issuers. Foreign securities tend to be more volatile and less liquid than investments in U.S. securities, and may lose value because of adverse political, social, or economic developments overseas, or due to changes in the exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar. In addition, foreign investments are subject to settlement practices, and regulatory and financial reporting standards, that differ from those of the U.S.

Emerging markets risk The risks of foreign investing are heightened for securities of issuers in emerging market countries. Emerging market countries tend to have economic structures that are less diverse and mature, and political systems that are less stable, than those of developed countries. In addition to all of the risks of investing in foreign developed markets, emerging markets are more susceptible to governmental interference, local taxes being imposed on foreign investments, restrictions on gaining access to sales proceeds, and less liquid and efficient trading markets.

Derivatives risk To the extent the fund uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps, it is exposed to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt securities. These instruments can be illiquid and difficult to value, may involve leverage so that small changes produce disproportionate losses for the fund and, if not traded on an exchange, are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under the derivatives contract. The fund’s principal use of derivatives involves the risk that anticipated changes in currency values, currency exchange rates, or the


  

Summary

5

creditworthiness of an issuer will not be accurately predicted, which could significantly harm the fund’s performance.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.

Current performance information may be obtained through troweprice.com or by calling 1-800-638-8790.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)

Investment Sub-adviser T. Rowe Price International Ltd (T. Rowe Price International)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Michael Della Vedova

Co-Chairman of
Investment Advisory Committee

2015

2009

Mark J. Vaselkiv

Co-Chairman of
Investment Advisory Committee

2015

1988

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

Generally, the fund’s minimum initial investment requirement is $2,500 and the fund’s minimum subsequent investment requirement is $100. However, your financial intermediary may impose different investment minimums.

You may purchase, redeem, or exchange shares of the fund on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business. You must purchase, redeem, and exchange shares through your financial intermediary.

Tax Information

The fund declares dividends daily and pays them on the first business day of each month. Any capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.


   

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

2

 
  

As a T. Rowe Price shareholder, you will want to know about the following policies and procedures that apply to Advisor Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for each class of shares is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and each class’s proportionate share of the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding of that class. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. The fund uses outside pricing services to provide it with closing market prices


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

7

and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

Advisor Class shares are intended for purchase through various third-party intermediaries, including brokers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and others. Contact your intermediary to find out how to purchase, sell, or exchange your shares; trade deadlines; and other applicable procedures for these transactions. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.

The fund may have an agreement with your intermediary that permits the intermediary to accept orders on behalf of the fund until the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET). In such cases, if your order is received by the intermediary in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange and is transmitted to T. Rowe Price and paid for in accordance with the agreement, the transaction will be priced at the next net asset value computed after the intermediary received your order. If the fund does not have an agreement with your intermediary, T. Rowe Price must receive the request in correct form from your intermediary by the close of the New York Stock Exchange in order for your transaction to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted by the fund or an intermediary may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the


  

T. Rowe Price

8

time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value.

How Proceeds Are Received

Normally, the fund transmits proceeds to intermediaries for redemption orders received in correct form on either the next or third business day after receipt, depending on the arrangement with the intermediary. Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interests, proceeds may not be sent to intermediaries for up to seven calendar days after receipt of the redemption order. You must contact your intermediary about procedures for receiving your redemption proceeds.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price Advisor Class Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Asia Opportunities—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Credit Opportunities—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Floating Rate—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Global Growth Stock—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Global Real Estate—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Global Stock—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

High Yield—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

International Bond—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

International Stock—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less

Real Estate—Advisor Class

1%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value—Advisor Class

1%

90 days or less

Tax-Free High Yield—Advisor Class

2%

90 days or less


  

Information About Accounts in T. Rowe Price Funds

9

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. A redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day after the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions; *

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund; *

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;


  

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· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically; * and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to identify intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts and to enter into agreements requiring the intermediary to assess the redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company, and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.


  

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Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

These stock funds only:

· Dividend Growth—Advisor Class

· Equity Income—Advisor Class

· Global Real Estate—Advisor Class

· Real Estate—Advisor Class

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Other stock funds

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Retirement Funds:

 

· Retirement Income—Advisor Class

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond fund shares will earn dividends through the date of redemption. Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that, if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.


  

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If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends; the information previously described may vary.

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.

Tax Information

You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the 121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the Global Real Estate Fund–Advisor Class, Real Estate Fund–Advisor Class, or the bond fund Advisor Classes is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock or bond fund Advisor Classes is expected to qualify for this deduction.


  

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Regular monthly dividends from the Summit Municipal Income Fund–Advisor Class, Summit Municipal Intermediate Fund–Advisor Class, Tax-Free High Yield Fund–Advisor Class, Tax-Free Income Fund–Advisor Class, and the Tax-Free Short-Intermediate Fund–Advisor Class are expected to be exempt from federal income taxes. Exemption is not guaranteed since the fund has the right under certain conditions to invest in nonexempt securities. You must report your total tax-free income on Internal Revenue Service Form 1040. The Internal Revenue Service uses this information to help determine the tax status of any Social Security payments you may have received during the year. Tax-exempt dividends paid to Social Security recipients may increase the portion of benefits that is subject to tax.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund.
Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.


  

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For the tax-free bond fund Advisor Classes, gains realized on the sale of market discount bonds with maturities beyond one year may be treated as ordinary income and cannot be offset by other capital losses. Payments received or gains realized on certain derivative transactions may result in taxable ordinary income or capital gain. To the extent the fund invests in these securities, the likelihood of a taxable gain distribution will be increased.

For the Retirement Funds, distributions by the underlying funds and changes in asset allocations may result in taxable distributions of ordinary income or capital gains.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

The Advisor Class is a share class of its respective T. Rowe Price fund and is not a separate mutual fund. The fund’s Advisor Class shares are intended for purchase through various third-party intermediaries, including brokers, banks, insurance companies, retirement plan recordkeepers, and other financial intermediaries that provide various distribution and administrative services.

The Advisor Class is designed for use by investors investing through intermediaries and requires an agreement between the intermediary and T. Rowe Price to be executed prior to investment. Purchases of Advisor Class shares for which the required agreement with T. Rowe Price has not been executed, or that are not made through an eligible intermediary, are subject to rejection or cancellation without prior


  

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notice to the intermediary or investor. Existing investments in the Advisor Class shares that are not held through an eligible intermediary may be transferred by T. Rowe Price to another class (with lower expenses) in the same fund following notice to the intermediary or shareholder.

Purchase Conditions for Intermediaries

Nonpayment If the fund does not receive payment for an order in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. The intermediary will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If an intermediary sells shares that it just purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process the redemption but will generally delay sending the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire.)

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs.

Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.


  

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Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).

Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.


  

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Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price contacts the intermediary and may request personal identifying information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.


  

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There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Signature Guarantees

An intermediary may need to obtain a Medallion signature guarantee in certain situations, such as:

· Written requests to redeem over $5 million;

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file; or

· Changing the account registration or broker-dealer of record for an account.

Intermediaries should consult their T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services representative for specific requirements.

The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.

DISTRIBUTION, SHAREHOLDER SERVICING, AND RECORDKEEPING FEES

The Advisor Class has adopted a 12b-1 plan under which it pays a fee at a rate of up to 0.25% of its average daily net assets per year to various unaffiliated intermediaries, such as brokers, banks, insurance companies, and retirement plan recordkeepers for distribution and/or shareholder servicing of the Advisor Class shares. Distribution payments may include payments to intermediaries for making the Advisor Class shares available to their customers (e.g., providing the fund with “shelf space” or inclusion on a “preferred list” or “supermarket” platform). Shareholder servicing payments may include payments to intermediaries for providing shareholder support services to existing shareholders of the Advisor Class. These payments may be more or less than the costs incurred by the intermediaries. Because the fees are paid from the Advisor Class net assets on an ongoing basis, they will increase the cost of your investment and, over time, could result in your paying more than with other types of sales charges. The Advisor Class may also separately make payments to retirement plans, broker-dealers, and other financial intermediaries (at a rate of up to 0.15% of average daily net assets per year) for various recordkeeping, transfer agency, and other administrative services they provide on behalf of the Class. These administrative services may include such services as maintaining separate account


  

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records for each customer; transmitting net purchase and redemption orders; delivering shareholder confirmations, statements, and tax forms; and providing telephone and Internet support to respond to questions regarding the customer’s account. These separate administrative fee payments are reflected in the “Other expenses” line that appears in a fund’s fee table in Section 1, whereas 12b-1 payments are reflected in the “Distribution and service (12b-1) fees” line that appears in the fee table.

Payment of these fees may influence your financial advisor’s recommendation of the fund or of any particular share class of the fund.


   

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ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price International Funds, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1979. Currently, the corporation consists of 22 series, each representing a separate pool of assets with different objectives and investment policies. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives.

Shareholders have benefitted from T. Rowe Price’s investment management experience since 1937.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions of the class. The income dividends for Advisor Class shares will generally differ from those of other classes to the extent that the expense ratios of the classes differ.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of changes in the fund’s management contract. Shareholders of each class have exclusive voting rights on matters affecting only that class.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold annual meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, annual meetings are only held when certain matters, such as a change in fundamental policies, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The


  

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Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price or an affiliated investment adviser—specifically by the fund’s portfolio managers.

Investment Advisers

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of September 30, 2014, the Firm had approximately $731 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

T. Rowe Price has entered into a sub-advisory agreement with T. Rowe Price International under which T. Rowe Price International is authorized to trade securities and make discretionary investment decisions on behalf of the fund. T. Rowe Price International is an investment adviser registered or licensed with the SEC, United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, Financial Services Agency of Japan, and other non-U.S. regulatory authorities. T. Rowe Price International sponsors and serves as adviser to foreign collective investment schemes and provides investment management services to investment companies and other institutional investors. T. Rowe Price International is headquartered in London and has several branch offices around the world. T. Rowe Price International is a direct subsidiary of T. Rowe Price and its address is 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TZ, United Kingdom.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairmen have day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and work with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Michael Della Vedova and Mark J. Vaselkiv, Co-Chairmen, Sheldon Chan, Michael F. Connelly, Justin T. Gerbereux, Alastair M. Gilmour, Samy B. Muaddi, and Ben T. Yeagle. The following information provides the year that the chairmen first joined the Firm and the chairmen’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairmen may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Della Vedova and Mr. Vaselkiv have been co-chairmen of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. Mr. Della Vedova joined the Firm in 2009 and his investment experience dates from 1993. He served as a portfolio manager and credit analyst with the Firm throughout the past five years. Mr. Vaselkiv joined the Firm in 1988 and his investment experience dates from 1984. He has served as a portfolio


  

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manager with the Firm throughout the past five years. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio managers’ compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio managers, and the portfolio managers’ ownership of fund shares.

The Management Fee

This fee has two parts–an “individual fund fee,” which reflects a fund’s particular characteristics, and a “group fee.” The group fee, which is designed to reflect the benefits of the shared resources of the T. Rowe Price investment management complex, is calculated daily based on the combined net assets of all T. Rowe Price funds (except the Spectrum Funds, Retirement Funds, Target Retirement Funds, TRP Reserve Investment Funds, and any index or private label mutual funds). The group fee schedule (in the following table) is graduated, declining as the asset total rises, so shareholders benefit from the overall growth in mutual fund assets.

Group Fee Schedule

  

  0.334%*

First $50 billion

0.305%

Next $30 billion

0.300%

Next $40 billion

0.295%

Next $40 billion

0.290%

Next $60 billion

0.285%

Next $80 billion

0.280%

Next $100 billion

0.275%

Thereafter

* Represents a blended group fee rate containing various breakpoints.

The fund’s group fee is determined by applying the group fee rate to the fund’s average daily net assets. On May 31, 2014, the annual group fee rate was 0.29%. The individual fund fee, also applied to the fund’s average daily net assets, is 0.30%.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price and the subadvisory contract with T. Rowe Price International will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services. The funds may also pay third-party intermediaries for performing shareholder and administrative services for underlying shareholders in omnibus accounts.


  

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MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Consider your investment goals, your time horizon for achieving them, and your tolerance for risk. If you are investing through an intermediary and you are a long-term, risk-tolerant investor seeking a high level of current income and some appreciation potential, the fund may be appropriate but should not represent a significant portion of your assets. If you are investing primarily for stability and liquidity, the fund is not appropriate, and you should consider a less risky fund.

The fund could generate higher income than higher-quality bond funds and could have greater potential for capital appreciation. Because the loan and high yield bond markets can be more sensitive to changes in economic growth than interest rates, the fund may outperform high-quality bond funds when the outlook for the economy is positive.

The fund’s yield will vary. A fund’s yield is the annualized dividends earned for a given period (typically 30 days for bond funds), divided by the share price at the end of the period. A fund’s total return includes distributions from income and capital gains and the change in share price for a given period.

Credit quality refers to a bond issuer’s expected ability to make all required interest and principal payments on time. Because highly-rated issuers represent less risk, they can borrow at lower interest rates than less-creditworthy issuers. Therefore, a fund investing in high-quality securities should have a lower yield than an otherwise comparable fund investing in lower-quality securities.

Every bond has a stated maturity date when the issuer must repay the bond’s entire principal value to the investor. However, many bonds are “callable,” meaning their principal can be repaid before the stated maturity date. Bonds are most likely to be called when interest rates are falling because the issuer can refinance at a lower rate, just as a homeowner refinances a mortgage when interest rates fall. In that environment, a bond’s “effective maturity” is usually its nearest call date. For example, the rate at which homeowners pay down their mortgage principal determines the effective maturity of mortgage-backed bonds.

A bond fund has no real maturity, but it does have a weighted average maturity and a weighted average effective maturity. Each of these numbers is an average of the stated or effective maturities of the underlying bonds, with each bond’s maturity “weighted” by the percentage of fund assets it represents. (A fund’s average effective maturity is calculated by reference to the nearest mortgage prepayment dates, call dates, or coupon reset dates of the underlying holdings.) Some funds utilize effective maturities rather than stated maturities when managing a fund to a certain average maturity, which provides additional flexibility in portfolio management.

Duration is a calculation that seeks to measure the price sensitivity of a bond or a bond fund to changes in interest rates. It is expressed in years, like maturity, but it is


  

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a better indicator of price sensitivity than maturity because it takes into account the time value of cash flows generated over the bond’s life. Future interest and principal payments are discounted to reflect their present value and then multiplied by the number of years they will be received to produce a value expressed in years–the duration. “Effective” duration takes into account call features and sinking fund payments that may shorten a bond’s life.

Since duration can be computed for bond funds, you can estimate the effect of interest rate fluctuations on share prices by multiplying fund duration by an expected change in interest rates. For example, the price of a bond fund with a duration of five years would be expected to fall approximately 5% if rates rose by one percentage point. A bond fund with a longer duration will generally be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a bond fund with a shorter duration. (A bond fund’s duration is shown in its shareholder report.)

Duration measures only sensitivity to interest rate changes—the dominant source of risk for high-quality bond funds. It does not reflect risk from other sources, such as bond defaults. Therefore, duration may not be as significant an indicator of overall risk for a fund such as this one that invests in noninvestment-grade bonds.

The fund relies heavily on rigorous proprietary credit research. While bottom-up security selection is a focus of the fund’s investment program, the fund also invests with an awareness of the outlook for certain industry sectors and geographic areas. Country allocation is driven largely by security selection, though we may limit investments in markets that appear to have poor overall prospects. In addition to investments in high yield corporate bonds and other income-producing securities, the fund also uses forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps as part of its principal investment strategies. Forward currency exchange contracts are used primarily to protect the fund’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated holdings from adverse currency movements by hedging the fund’s foreign currency exposure back to the U.S. dollar. The fund may buy credit default swaps to protect against an expected decline in the creditworthiness of an issuer and the value of the securities it issues or sell credit default swaps to benefit from an expected improvement in an issuer’s creditworthiness. In addition, the fund may use credit default swaps as a more efficient or economical means of gaining exposure to a particular issuer, such as when the issuer’s bonds are difficult to buy or the swap contract is more attractively priced than the bonds.

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. The income level of the fund will change with market conditions and interest rate levels.

Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

Market risk The market price of securities owned by the fund may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Securities may decline in value due to factors


  

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affecting the overall securities markets, or particular industries or sectors. The value of a security may decline due to general market conditions which are not specifically related to a particular issuer, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for an issuer’s financial condition, changes in interest or currency rates, or adverse investor sentiment generally. The value of a security may also decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry.

Interest rate risk This is the risk that prices of bonds and other fixed income securities will increase as interest rates fall and prices will decrease as interest rates rise (bond prices and interest rates usually move in opposite directions). Prices fall because the bonds and notes in the fund’s portfolio become less attractive to other investors when securities with higher yields become available. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities have greater interest rate risk. As a result, in a rising interest rate environment, the net asset value of a fund with a longer weighted average maturity typically decreases at a faster rate than the net asset value of a fund with a shorter weighted average maturity. If the fund purchases longer-maturity bonds and interest rates rise unexpectedly, the fund’s share price could decline.

Call risk This is the risk that during periods of falling interest rates, issuers of callable bonds may redeem securities with higher interest rates before their maturity. The fund would then lose any price appreciation above the bond’s call price and would be forced to reinvest the unanticipated proceeds at lower interest rates, resulting in a decline in a fund’s income.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security held by the fund will default (fail to make scheduled payments), potentially reducing the fund’s income and share price. This risk is increased when a portfolio security is downgraded or the perceived creditworthiness of an issuer or counterparty deteriorates. Companies issuing high yield bonds are not as strong financially as those with higher credit ratings, so the bonds are usually considered speculative investments. These companies are more vulnerable to financial setbacks and recession than more creditworthy companies, which may impair their ability to make interest and principal payments. Therefore, the credit risk for the fund’s portfolio increases when the U.S. economy slows or enters a recession.

The fund may be more vulnerable to interest rate risk if it is focusing on BB rated bonds since better-quality “junk” bonds follow the investment-grade market to some extent. If the fund focuses on bonds rated B and below, credit risk will probably predominate.

The fund’s credit risk will increase if it invests in credit obligations of distressed issuers and other issuers involved in restructurings, including those that are in covenant or payment default. Such obligations are subject to a multitude of legal,


  

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industry, market, economic and governmental forces, each of which make analysis of these companies inherently difficult. The repayment of defaulted obligations is subject to significant uncertainties and might be repaid, either in full or in part or through the receipt of a new security or obligation, only after lengthy workout or bankruptcy proceedings. A bankruptcy court may approve actions that would be contrary to the fund’s interests and, if an anticipated transaction does not occur, the fund may be required to sell its investment at a substantial loss.

The fund’s overall credit risk will increase if it invests in loans that are not secured by collateral. Further, even if the fund’s claim on a loan is senior when it first invests in the loan, the claim may be subordinated or diluted at the time the fund makes a claim. Senior loans are subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a senior loan, which typically holds the most senior position in the issuer’s capital structure, to presently existing or future indebtedness or take other action detrimental to the holders of senior loans.

Other risks of junk bond investing The entire noninvestment-grade bond market can experience sudden and sharp price swings due to a variety of factors, including changes in economic forecasts, stock market activity, large sustained sales by major investors, a high-profile default, or a change in the market’s psychology. This type of volatility is usually associated more with stocks than bonds, but “junk” bond investors should be prepared for such price swings.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that a fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Sectors of the bond market can experience sudden downturns in trading activity. During periods of reduced market liquidity, the spread between the price at which a security can be bought and the price at which it can be sold can widen, and the fund may not be able to sell a holding readily at a price that reflects what the fund believes it should be worth. Less liquid securities can also become more difficult to value.

Foreign investing risk To the extent a fund holds foreign securities, it will be subject to special risks, whether the securities are denominated in U.S. dollars or foreign currencies. These risks include potentially adverse political, social, and economic conditions overseas, greater volatility, lower liquidity, and the possibility that foreign currencies will decline against the dollar, lowering the value of securities denominated in those currencies and possibly a fund’s share price.

Emerging markets risk The fund’s investments in emerging markets are subject to the risk of abrupt and severe price declines. The economic and political structures of developing or emerging market countries, in most cases, do not compare favorably with the U.S. or other developed countries in terms of wealth and stability, and their financial markets often lack liquidity. These economies are less developed and can be overly reliant on particular industries and more vulnerable to the ebb and flow of international trade and capital trade barriers and other protectionist or retaliatory measures. Sanctions and other intergovernmental actions are more likely to be


  

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undertaken against an emerging market country, which could result in the devaluation of the country’s currency, a downgrade in the country’s credit rating, and a decline in the value and liquidity of securities issued by the country’s government and by companies located in or doing business in the country. Sanctions could result in the immediate freeze of securities issued by an emerging market company or government, which would impair the ability of a fund to buy, sell, or receive proceeds from the sanctioned securities. Some countries have legacies of hyperinflation and currency devaluations versus the U.S. dollar (which adversely affect returns to U.S. investors). Significant devaluations have occurred in recent years in various emerging market countries. Governments of some emerging market countries have defaulted on their bonds, and investors in this sector must be prepared for similar events in the future.

Derivatives risk The fund’s use of forward currency exchange contracts and credit default swaps exposes the fund to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt instruments. These instruments can experience reduced liquidity and become difficult to value, and any of these instruments not traded on an exchange are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under the derivatives contract. The use of these instruments involves the risks that anticipated changes in currency movements or the creditworthiness of an issuer will not be accurately predicted.

Efforts to reduce risk The portfolio manager may mitigate but not eliminate risk through one or more of the following:

· Thorough credit research performed by T. Rowe Price analysts;

· Extensive diversification, which helps limit the fund’s exposure to any one industry or issuer;

· Variations in the amount of assets invested in various types of securities; and

· Employing an active sell discipline to reduce unwanted securities.

Additional strategies and risks In addition to the fund’s normal investments, the fund may employ other strategies that are not considered part of its principal investment strategies. Such investments may include other securities and, to a limited extent, other types of derivatives than those described in the fund’s principal investment strategies.

A derivative involves risks different from, and possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the assets on which the derivative is based. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid, and difficult to value. Changes in the value of a derivative may not properly correlate with changes in the value of the underlying asset, reference rate, or index. A fund could be exposed to significant losses if it is unable to close a derivatives position due to the lack of a liquid secondary trading market. Derivatives involve the risk that a counterparty to the derivatives agreement will fail to make required payments or comply with the terms of the agreement. There is also the possibility that limitations or trading restrictions may be imposed by


  

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an exchange or government regulation, which could adversely impact the value and liquidity of a derivatives contract subject to such regulation.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to invest at least 80% of its net assets in bonds.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus. For instance, there are also limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have significantly more of an impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made


  

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(this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.

Portfolio managers have considerable discretion in choosing investment strategies and selecting securities they believe will help achieve fund objectives.

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.

Diversification As a fundamental policy, the fund will not purchase a security if, as a result, with respect to 75% of its total assets, more than 5% of the fund’s total assets would be invested in securities of a single issuer or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer would be held by the fund. These limitations do not apply to fund purchases of securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies, or instrumentalities.

Bonds

A bond is an interest-bearing security. The issuer has a contractual obligation to pay interest at a stated rate on specific dates and to repay principal (the bond’s face value) on a specified date. An issuer may have the right to redeem or “call” a bond before maturity, and the investor may have to reinvest the proceeds at lower market rates. Bonds can be issued by U.S. and foreign governments, states, and municipalities, as well as a wide variety of companies.

A bond’s annual interest income, set by its coupon rate, is usually fixed for the life of the bond. Its yield (income as a percent of current price) will fluctuate to reflect changes in interest rate levels. A bond’s price usually rises when interest rates fall and vice versa, so its yield generally stays consistent with current market conditions. High yield bond prices may be less directly responsive to interest rate changes than investment-grade issues and may not always follow this pattern.

Conventional fixed rate bonds offer a coupon rate for a fixed maturity with no adjustment for inflation. Real rate of return bonds also offer a fixed coupon but include ongoing inflation adjustments for the life of the bond.

Bonds may be unsecured (backed by the issuer’s general creditworthiness only) or secured (also backed by specified collateral). Most high yield “junk” bonds are unsecured. Bonds include asset- and mortgage-backed securities.


  

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Certain bonds have floating or variable interest rates that are adjusted periodically based on a particular index. These interest rate adjustments tend to minimize fluctuations in the bonds’ principal values. The maturity of certain floating rate securities may be shortened under certain specified conditions.

The price and yield of lower-quality (high yield, high-risk) bonds, commonly referred to as “junk” bonds, and below investment-grade emerging market bonds, can be expected to fluctuate more than the price and yield of higher-quality bonds. Because these bonds are rated below BBB or are in default, they are regarded as predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s continuing ability to meet principal and interest payments. Successful investment in lower-medium- and low-quality bonds involves greater investment risk and is highly dependent on T. Rowe Price’s credit analysis. A real or perceived economic downturn or higher interest rates could cause a decline in high yield bond prices by lessening the ability of issuers to make principal and interest payments. These bonds are often thinly traded and can be more difficult to sell and value accurately than high-quality bonds. Because objective pricing data may be less available, judgment may play a greater role in the valuation process. In addition, the entire high yield bond market can experience sudden and sharp price swings due to a variety of factors, including changes in economic forecasts, stock market activity, large or sustained sales by major investors, a high-profile default, or just a change in the market’s psychology. This type of volatility is usually associated more with stocks than bonds, but “junk” bond investors should be prepared for it.

Operating policy There is no limit on the fund’s investments in bonds that are rated below investment grade.

Zero Coupon Bonds and Pay-in-Kind Bonds

A zero coupon bond does not make cash interest payments during a portion or all of the life of the bond. Instead, it is sold at a deep discount to face value, and the interest consists of the gradual appreciation in price as the bond approaches maturity. Zero coupon bonds can be an attractive financing method for issuers with near-term cash-flow problems or seeking to preserve liquidity. Pay-in-kind bonds pay interest in cash or additional securities, at the issuer’s option, for a specified period. Like zero coupon bonds, they may help a corporation conserve cash flow. Pay-in-kind prices reflect the market value of the underlying debt plus any accrued interest. Zero coupon bonds and pay-in-kinds can be higher- or lower-quality debt, and both are more volatile than coupon bonds. There is no limit on fund investments in these securities.

A fund is required to distribute to shareholders income imputed to any zero coupon bonds or pay-in-kind investments. Such distributions could reduce a fund’s reserve position and require a fund to sell securities and incur a gain or loss at a time it may not otherwise want to in order to provide the cash necessary for these distributions.


  

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Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stock has a specified dividend and ranks after bonds and before common stocks in its claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Convertible Securities , Contingent Capital Securities, and Warrants

Investments may be made in debt or preferred equity securities that are convertible into, or exchangeable for, equity securities at specified times in the future and according to a certain exchange ratio. Convertible bonds are typically callable by the issuer, which could in effect force conversion before the holder would otherwise choose. Traditionally, convertible securities have paid dividends or interest at rates higher than common stocks but lower than nonconvertible securities. They generally participate in the appreciation or depreciation of the underlying stock into which they are convertible, but to a lesser degree than common stock. Some convertible securities combine higher or lower current income with options and other features. Contingent capital securities are securities issued by banks and other financial institutions that are intended to provide a buffer (i.e., loss absorption) under scenarios when it may be difficult for the institution to raise new capital. Many of these securities are designed with features to either convert into equity of the issuer or have their principal written down by a predetermined percentage upon the occurrence of certain triggers. The principal write-down features may be triggered upon conditions such as the issuer’s capital ratio falling below a certain level or the financial system being deemed in crisis based on an assessment by regulators or objective indicators such as aggregate losses. Contingent capital securities carry the risk that conditions could cause the principal to be written down to zero and that a coupon could be cancelled at the financial institution’s discretion or at the request of regulators to help the institution absorb losses. Warrants are options to buy, directly from the issuer, a stated number of shares of common stock at a specified price anytime during the life of the warrants (generally, two or more years). Warrants have no voting rights, pay no dividends, and can be highly volatile. In some cases, the redemption value of a warrant could be zero.

Operating policy The fund may invest up to 5% of total assets in stocks, warrants, and other equity securities. Investments in convertible securities and contingent capital securities are not subject to this limit.


  

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Loan Participations and Assignments

A fund may make investments through the purchase or execution of a privately negotiated note representing the equivalent of a loan. Larger loans to corporations or governments may be shared or syndicated among several lenders, usually banks. The fund could participate in such syndicates or could buy part of a loan, becoming a direct lender. These loans may often be obligations of companies or governments in financial distress or in default. These investments involve special types of risk, including those of being a lender, reduced liquidity, increased credit risk, and volatility.

Bank loans may be acquired directly through an agent acting on behalf of the lenders participating in the loan, as an assignment from another lender who holds a direct interest in the loan, or as a participation interest in another lender’s portion of the loan. An assignment typically results in the purchaser succeeding to all rights and obligations under the loan agreement between the assigning lender and the borrower. However, assignments may be arranged through private negotiations, and the rights and obligations acquired by the purchaser of an assignment may differ from, and be more limited than, those held by the assigning lender.

A participation interest is a fractional interest in a loan, issued by a lender or other financial institution. To the extent a fund invests in loans through participation interests, it will be more difficult for the fund to enforce its rights against the borrower because the fund will have established a direct contractual relationship with the seller of the participation interest but not with the borrower. When the fund invests in a loan by participation, it must rely on another party not only for the enforcement of its rights against the borrower, but also for the receipt and processing of payments due under the loan. Investing in a participation interest limits the fund’s ability to file a claim directly as a creditor in the event of the borrower’s bankruptcy.

Operating policy Fund investments in bank loans, including loan participations and assignments, are limited to 20% of total assets.

Deferrable Subordinated Securities

These are securities with long maturities that are deeply subordinated in the issuer’s capital structure. They generally have maturities of 30 years or longer, and permit the issuer to defer distributions for up to five years. These characteristics give the issuer more financial flexibility than is typically the case with traditional bonds. As a result, the securities may be viewed as possessing certain “equity-like” features by rating agencies and bank regulators. However, the securities are treated as debt securities by market participants, and the fund intends to treat them as such as well. These securities may offer a mandatory put or remarketing option that creates an effective maturity date significantly shorter than the stated one. Fund investments will be made in these securities to the extent their yield, credit, and maturity characteristics are consistent with the fund’s investment objective and program.


  

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Trade Claims

Trade claims are non-securitized rights of payment arising from a business transaction, such as a vendor or supplier extending credit to a company by offering payment terms for products or services. As a result of the bankruptcy of a company, payments on trade claims stop and the claims are subject to compromise along with the other debts of the company. Trade claims may be purchased directly from the creditor or through a broker, and are typically bought at a discount to their face value with the size of the discount reflecting the probability of repayment. Trade claims may experience considerable price volatility and are typically considered to be illiquid.

Operating policy Fund investments in trade claims are limited to 5% of total assets.

Foreign Securities

Investments may be made in foreign securities. These include nondollar-denominated securities traded outside of the U.S. and dollar-denominated securities of foreign issuers traded in the U.S. (such as Yankee bonds). Investing in foreign securities involves special risks that can increase the potential for losses. These include: exposure to potentially adverse local, political, social, and economic developments such as war, political instability, hyperinflation, currency devaluations, and overdependence on particular industries; government interference in markets such as nationalization and exchange controls, expropriation of assets, or imposition of punitive taxes; the imposition of international trade and capital barriers, and other protectionist or retaliatory measures; potentially lower liquidity and higher volatility; possible problems arising from accounting, disclosure, settlement, and regulatory practices and legal rights that differ from U.S. standards; and the chance that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates will decrease the investment’s value (favorable changes can increase its value). These risks are heightened for a fund’s investments in emerging markets.

Foreign securities increase fund diversification and may enhance return, but they involve special risks, especially from emerging markets.

Operating policy There is no limit on fund investments in foreign securites.

Mortgage- and Asset-Backed Securities

These may take a variety of forms, including conventional mortgage securities, collateralized mortgage obligations, interest only stripped securities, and principal only stripped securities.

Operating policy Fund investments in mortgage- and asset-backed securities are limited to 5% of total assets.

Derivatives and Leverage

A derivative is a financial instrument whose value is derived from an underlying security, such as a stock or bond, or from a market benchmark, such as an interest


  

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rate index. Many types of investments representing a wide range of risks and potential rewards may be considered derivatives, including conventional instruments such as futures and options, as well as other potentially more complex investments such as swaps and structured notes. The use of derivatives can involve leverage. Leverage has the effect of magnifying returns, positively or negatively. The effect on returns will depend on the extent to which an investment is leveraged. For example, an investment of $1, leveraged at 2 to 1, would have the effect of an investment of $2. Leverage ratios can be higher or lower with a corresponding effect on returns. The fund may use derivatives in certain situations to help accomplish any or all of the following: to hedge against a decline in principal value, to increase yield, to manage exposure to changes in interest or currency exchange rates, to invest in eligible asset classes with greater efficiency and at a lower cost than is possible through direct investment, or to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure.

While individual fund investments may involve leverage, the fund will not invest in any high-risk, highly leveraged derivative instrument that, at the time of entering into the derivative transaction, is expected to cause the overall price volatility of the portfolio to be meaningfully greater than that of a long-term high yield bond.

Derivatives that may be used include the following instruments, as well as others that combine the risk characteristics and features of futures, options, and swaps:

Futures and Options Futures, a type of potentially high-risk derivative, are often used to manage or hedge risk because they enable the investor to buy or sell an asset in the future at an agreed-upon price. Options, another type of potentially high-risk derivative, give the investor the right (when the investor purchases the option), or the obligation (when the investor “writes” or sells the option), to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. Futures and options contracts may be bought or sold for any number of reasons, including to manage exposure to changes in interest rates, foreign currencies, and credit quality; as an efficient means of increasing or decreasing a fund’s exposure to a specific part or broad segment of the U.S. market or a foreign market; in an effort to enhance income; to improve risk-adjusted returns; to protect the value of portfolio securities; to serve as a cash management tool; and to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure. Call or put options may be purchased or sold on securities, futures, and financial indexes. A fund may choose to continue a futures contract by “rolling over” an expiring futures contract into an identical contract with a later maturity date. This could increase the fund’s transaction costs and portfolio turnover rate.

Futures contracts and options may not always be successful hedges; their prices can be highly volatile; using them could lower a fund’s total return; the potential loss from the use of futures can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such contracts; and the losses from certain options written by a fund could be unlimited.

Operating policies Initial margin deposits on futures and premiums on options used for non-hedging purposes will not exceed 5% of a fund’s net asset value. The total


  

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market value of securities covering call or put options may not exceed 25% of total assets. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put options.

Swaps Fund investments may be made in interest rate, index, total return, credit default, and other types of swap agreements, as well as options on swaps, commonly referred to as “swaptions,” and interest rate swap futures, which are instruments that provide a way to obtain swap exposure and the benefits of futures in one contract. All of these agreements are considered derivatives and, in certain cases, high-risk derivatives. Interest rate, index, and total return swaps are two-party contracts under which a fund and a counterparty, such as a broker or dealer, agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or indexes. Credit default swaps are agreements where one party (the protection buyer) will make periodic payments to another party (the protection seller) in exchange for protection against specified credit events, such as defaults and bankruptcies related to an issuer or underlying credit instrument. Swap futures are futures contracts on interest rate swaps that enable purchasers to settle in cash at a future date at the price determined by a specific benchmark rate at the end of a fixed period. Swaps, swaptions, and swap futures can be used for a variety of purposes, including to manage a fund’s overall exposure to changes in interest or foreign currency exchange rates and credit quality; as an efficient means of adjusting a fund’s exposure to certain markets; in an effort to enhance income or total return or protect the value of portfolio securities; to serve as a cash management tool; and to adjust portfolio duration or credit risk exposure.

There are risks in the use of swaps and related instruments. Swaps could result in losses if interest or foreign currency exchange rates or credit quality changes are not correctly anticipated by a fund. Total return swaps could result in losses if the reference index, security, or investments do not perform as anticipated. Credit default swaps can increase a fund’s exposure to credit risk and could result in losses if evaluation of the creditworthiness of the counterparty, or of the company or government on which the credit default swap is based, is incorrect. The use of swaps, swaptions, and swap futures may not always be successful. Using them could lower a fund’s total return, their prices can be highly volatile, and the potential loss from the use of swaps can exceed a fund’s initial investment in such instruments. Also, the other party to a swap agreement could default on its obligations or refuse to cash out a fund’s investment at a reasonable price, which could turn an expected gain into a loss. Although there should be minimal counterparty risk associated with investments in interest rate swap futures, a fund could experience delays and/or losses due to the bankruptcy of a swap dealer through which the fund engaged in the transaction.

Operating policies A swap agreement with any single counterparty will not be entered into if the net amount owed or to be received under existing contracts with that party would exceed 5% of total assets or if the net amount owed or to be received by the


  

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fund under all outstanding swap agreements will exceed 10% of total assets. (Swap agreements that are cleared and settled through a clearinghouse, or traded on an exchange or swap execution facility, are not subject to these limits.) For swaptions, the total market value of securities covering call or put options may not exceed 25% of total assets. No more than 5% of total assets will be committed to premiums when purchasing call or put swaptions.

Hybrid Instruments These instruments (a type of potentially high-risk derivative) can combine the characteristics of securities, futures, and options. For example, the principal amount or interest rate of a hybrid could be tied (positively or negatively) to the price of some commodity, currency, security, or securities index or another interest rate (each a “benchmark”). Hybrids can be used as an efficient means of pursuing a variety of investment goals, including currency hedging, duration management, and increased total return. Hybrids may or may not bear interest or pay dividends. The value of a hybrid or its interest rate may be a multiple of a benchmark and, as a result, may be leveraged and move (up or down) more steeply and rapidly than the benchmark. These benchmarks may be sensitive to economic and political events, such as commodity shortages and currency devaluations, which cannot be readily foreseen by the purchaser of a hybrid. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero. Thus, an investment in a hybrid may entail significant market risks that are not associated with a similar investment in a traditional, U.S. dollar-denominated bond that has a fixed principal amount and pays a fixed rate or floating rate of interest. The purchase of hybrids also exposes the fund to the credit risk of the issuer of the hybrid. These risks may cause significant fluctuations in the net asset value of the fund.

Hybrids can have volatile prices and limited liquidity, and their use may not be successful.

Operating policy Fund investments in hybrid instruments are limited to 10% of total assets.

Currency Derivatives Funds that invest in foreign securities may attempt to hedge their exposure to potentially unfavorable currency changes. The primary means of doing this is through the use of forward currency exchange contracts, which are contracts between two counterparties to exchange one currency for another on a future date at a specified exchange rate. A fund may also use these instruments to create a synthetic bond, which is issued in one currency with the currency component transformed into another currency. However, futures, swaps, and options on foreign currencies may also be used. In certain circumstances, a fund may use currency derivatives to substitute a different currency for the currency in which the investment is denominated, a strategy known as proxy hedging. If a fund were to engage in any of these foreign currency transactions, it could serve to protect the fund’s foreign securities from adverse currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar, although the fund may also use currency derivatives in an effort to gain exposure to a


  

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37

currency expected to appreciate in value versus other currencies. As a result, a fund could be invested in a currency without holding any securities denominated in that currency. Such transactions involve, among other risks, the risk that anticipated currency movements will not occur, which could reduce a fund’s total return. There are certain markets, including many emerging markets, where it is not possible to engage in effective foreign currency hedging.

Investments in Other Investment Companies

A fund may invest in other investment companies, including open-end funds, closed-end funds, and exchange-traded funds.

A fund may purchase the securities of another investment company to temporarily gain exposure to a portion of the market while awaiting purchase of securities or as an efficient means of gaining exposure to a particular asset class. The fund might also purchase shares of another investment company to gain exposure to the securities in the investment company’s portfolio at times when the fund may not be able to buy those securities directly. Any investment in another investment company would be consistent with the fund’s objective and investment program.

The risks of owning another investment company are generally similar to the risks of investing directly in the securities in which that investment company invests. However, an investment company may not achieve its investment objective or execute its investment strategy effectively, which may adversely affect the fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end funds and exchange-traded funds trade on a secondary market, their shares may trade at a premium or discount to the actual net asset value of their portfolio securities and their shares may have greater volatility because of the potential lack of liquidity.

As a shareholder of an investment company not sponsored by T. Rowe Price, the fund must pay its pro-rata share of that investment company’s fees and expenses. The fund’s investments in non-T. Rowe Price investment companies are subject to the limits that apply to investments in other funds under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or under any applicable exemptive order.

A fund may also invest in certain other T. Rowe Price funds as a means of gaining efficient and cost-effective exposure to certain asset classes, provided the investment is consistent with the fund’s investment program and policies. Such an investment could allow the fund to obtain the benefits of a more diversified portfolio than might otherwise be available through direct investments in the asset class, and will subject the fund to the risks associated with the particular asset class. Examples of asset classes in which other T. Rowe Price mutual funds concentrate their investments include high yield bonds, floating rate loans, international bonds, emerging market bonds, stocks of companies involved in activities related to real assets and emerging market stocks. If the fund invests in another T. Rowe Price fund, the management fee paid by the fund will be reduced to ensure that the fund does not incur duplicate management fees as a result of its investment.


  

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38

Illiquid Securities

Some fund holdings may be considered illiquid because they are subject to legal or contractual restrictions on resale or because they cannot be sold in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued. The determination of liquidity involves a variety of factors. Illiquid securities may include private placements that are sold directly to a small number of investors, usually institutions. Unlike public offerings, such securities are not registered with the SEC. Although certain of these securities may be readily sold (for example, under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933) and therefore deemed liquid, others may have resale restrictions and be considered illiquid. The sale of illiquid securities may involve substantial delays and additional costs, and a fund may only be able to sell such securities at prices substantially less than what it believes they are worth.

Operating policy Fund investments in illiquid securities are limited to 15% of net assets.

Types of Investment Management Practices

Reserve Position

A certain portion of fund assets may be held in reserves. Fund reserve positions can consist of: 1) shares of a T. Rowe Price internal money fund or short-term bond fund; 2) short-term, high-quality U.S. and foreign dollar-denominated money market securities, including repurchase agreements; and 3) U.S. dollar or non-U.S. dollar currencies. For temporary, defensive purposes, there is no limit on a fund’s holdings in reserves. If a fund has significant holdings in reserves, it could compromise the fund’s ability to achieve its objectives. The reserve position provides flexibility in meeting redemptions, paying expenses and managing cash flows into a fund, and can serve as a short-term defense during periods of unusual market volatility. Non-U.S. dollar reserves are subject to currency risk.

Short Sales

A fund may sell a security short as a hedge against portfolio holdings that may be expected to decline in value. In short sales, investors sell borrowed securities in hopes of buying them back later at a lower price. However, if the price rises instead of falls, the investor will lose money when repurchasing the security.

Operating policy The fund’s short sales of specific securities are limited to situations where the fund owns a debt security of a company and sells short a different type of security issued by the same company, such as common or preferred stock or a senior or junior debt security. The total market value of all securities sold short may not exceed 2% of fund net assets.

When-Issued Securities and Forwards

A fund may purchase securities on a when-issued or delayed delivery basis or may purchase or sell securities on a forward commitment basis. There is no limit on fund investments in these securities. The price of these securities is fixed at the time of the


  

More About the Fund

39

commitment to buy, but delivery and payment take place after the customary settlement period for that type of security (often a month or more later). During the interim period, the price and yield of the securities can fluctuate, and typically no interest accrues to the purchaser. At the time of delivery, the market value of the securities may be more or less than the purchase or sale price. To the extent the fund remains fully or almost fully invested (in securities with a remaining maturity of more than one year) at the same time it purchases these securities, there will be greater fluctuations in the fund’s net asset value than if the fund did not purchase them.

Borrowing Money and Transferring Assets

A fund may borrow from banks, other persons, and other T. Rowe Price funds for temporary emergency purposes to facilitate redemption requests, or for other purposes consistent with fund policies as set forth in this prospectus. Such borrowings may be collateralized with fund assets, subject to restrictions.

Fundamental policy Borrowings may not exceed 331/3% of total assets.

Operating policy A fund will not transfer portfolio securities as collateral except as necessary in connection with permissible borrowings or investments, and then such transfers may not exceed 331/3% of total assets. A fund will not purchase additional securities when borrowings exceed 5% of total assets.

Credit Quality Considerations

The credit quality of many fund holdings is evaluated by rating agencies such as Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (Moody’s), Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services (S&P), and Fitch Ratings (Fitch). Credit quality refers to the issuer’s ability and willingness to meet all required interest and principal payments. The highest ratings are assigned to companies perceived to have the lowest credit risks. T. Rowe Price credit research analysts also evaluate fund holdings, including those rated by outside agencies. Other things being equal, lower-rated bonds and other debt obligations have higher yields due to greater credit risk. High-yield bonds, also called “junk” bonds, are those rated in the BB category and below by S&P and Fitch, and in the Ba category and below by Moody’s.

Credit quality ratings are not guarantees. They are estimates of a company’s creditworthiness and ability to make interest and principal payments as they come due. Ratings can change at any time due to real or perceived changes in a company’s credit or financial fundamentals.

The following table shows the rating scale used by the major rating agencies. T. Rowe Price considers publicly available ratings but emphasizes its own credit analysis when selecting investments.


  

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40

Ratings of Debt Securities

           
 

Moody’s

S & P

Fitch

Definition

Long Term

Aaa

AAA

AAA

 

Highest quality

 

Aa

AA

AA

 

High quality

 

A

A

A

 

Upper-medium grade

 

Baa

BBB

BBB

 

Medium grade

 

Ba

BB

BB

 

Speculative

 

B

B

B

 

Highly speculative

 

Caa

CCC

CCC

 

Vulnerable to default

 

Ca

CC

CC

 

Default is imminent

 

C

C

C

 

Typically in default

 

D

D

D

 

In default

 

Moody’s

 

S&P

 

Fitch

Commercial Paper

P-1

Superior quality

A-1+

A-1

Extremely strong quality

Strong quality

F-1+

F-1

Exceptionally strong quality

Very strong quality

 

P-2

Strong quality

A-2

Satisfactory quality

F-2

Good credit quality

 

P-3

Acceptable quality

A-3

B

C

Adequate quality

Speculative quality

Doubtful quality

F-3

Fair credit quality

Portfolio Turnover

Turnover is an indication of frequency of trading. A fund will not generally trade in securities for short-term profits, but when circumstances warrant, securities may be purchased and sold without regard to the length of time held. Each time a fund purchases or sells a security, it incurs a cost. This cost is reflected in its net asset value but not in its operating expenses. The higher the turnover rate, the higher the transaction costs and the greater the impact on a fund’s total return. Higher turnover can also increase the possibility of taxable capital gain distributions.

Funds investing in bonds may have higher turnover than funds investing in stocks. Unlike stocks, fixed-maturity bonds require reinvestment. For funds investing in short-term securities, mortgage-backed securities, and callable debt, frequent reinvestment of principal is often required. Common trading strategies, such as mortgage dollar rolls, can increase turnover. Active investment strategies, such as sector rotation and duration management, also necessitate more frequent trading. The fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the inital period of operations may exceed 100%.


  

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41

DISCLOSURE OF FUND PORTFOLIO INFORMATION

Each T. Rowe Price fund’s portfolio holdings are disclosed on a regular basis in its semiannual and annual shareholder reports, and on Form N-Q, which is filed with the SEC within 60 days of the fund’s first and third fiscal quarter-end. The money funds also file detailed month-end portfolio holdings information with the SEC each month. Such information will be made available to the public 60 days after the end of the month to which the information pertains. In addition, the funds disclose their calendar quarter-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com 15 calendar days after each quarter. Under certain conditions, up to 5% of a fund’s holdings may be included in this portfolio list without being individually identified. Generally, securities would not be individually identified if they are being actively bought or sold and it is determined that the quarter-end disclosure of the holding could be harmful to the fund. A security will not be excluded for these purposes from a fund’s quarter-end holdings disclosure for more than one year. Money funds also disclose their month-end portfolio holdings on troweprice.com five business days after each month. The quarter-end portfolio holdings will remain on the website for one year and the month-end money fund portfolio holdings will remain on the website for six months. Each fund also discloses its 10 largest holdings on troweprice.com on the seventh business day after each month-end. These holdings are listed in alphabetical order along with the aggregate percentage of the fund’s total assets that these 10 holdings represent. Each monthly top 10 list will remain on the website for six months. A description of T. Rowe Price’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio information is available in the Statement of Additional Information and through troweprice.com.


   

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4

  
ACCOUNT REQUIREMENTS AND TRANSACTION INFORMATION
   
  

Your fund shares must be purchased through a third-party intermediary, therefore please contact the intermediary
for information regarding its policies on purchasing, exchanging, and redeeming fund shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums.

   

Tax Identification
Number

 

The intermediary must provide T. Rowe Price with its certified taxpayer identification number. Otherwise, federal law requires the funds to withhold a percentage of dividends, capital gain distributions, and redemptions and may subject the intermediary or account holder to an Internal Revenue Service fine. If this information is not received within 60 days after the account is established, the account may be redeemed at the fund’s then-current net asset value.

   
  

All initial and subsequent investments by intermediaries should be made by bank wire or electronic payment. For more information, contact Financial Institution Services by calling
1-800-638-8790.

   

Important Information About Opening an Account

 

Opening a New Account
Generally $2,500 minimum initial investment per fund and $25,000 minimum initial investment for Summit Funds; your intermediary may impose different minimums.

   
  

Pursuant to federal law, all financial institutions must obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person or entity that opens an account.

   
 

 

When an account is opened, the name, residential street address, date of birth, and Social Security or employer identification number for each account owner and person(s) opening an account on behalf of others (such as custodians, agents, trustees, or other authorized signers) must be provided. Corporate and other institutional accounts require documents showing the existence of the entity (such as articles of incorporation or partnership agreements) to open an account. Certain other fiduciary accounts (such as trusts or power of


  

Investing With T. Rowe Price

43

   
  

attorney arrangements) require documentation, which may include an original or certified copy of the trust agreement or power of attorney to open an account. For more information, call Financial Institution Services at 1-800-638-8790.

   
  

T. Rowe Price will use this information to verify the identity of the person(s)/entity opening the account. An account cannot be opened until all of this information is received. If the identity of the account holder cannot be verified, T. Rowe Price is authorized to take any action permitted by law. (See Rights Reserved by the Funds.)

   
  

Intermediaries should call Financial Institution Services for an account number, assignment to a dedicated service representative, and wire transfer instructions.

   
  

In order to obtain an account number, the intermediary must supply the name, Social Security or employer identification number, and business street address for the account.

   
  

Intermediaries should complete a New Account form and mail it, with proper documentation identifying your firm to one of the appropriate addresses listed below. Intermediaries must also enter into a separate agreement with the fund or its agent. The funds are generally available only to investors residing in the United States.

   
  

via U.S. Postal Service
T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services
P.O. Box 17300
Baltimore, MD 21297-1603

   
  

via private carriers/overnight services
T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services
Mail Code: OM-4232
4515 Painters Mill Road
Owings Mills, MD 21117-4842

   
  

Note: Please use the correct address to avoid a delay in opening your new account.


  

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44

PURCHASING ADDITIONAL SHARES
   
  

$100 minimum per fund for all additional purchases and $1,000 minimum required for Summit Funds (your intermediary may impose different minimums)

   

By Wire

 

Intermediaries should call Financial Institution Services or access troweprice.com, under the Customer Service – FAQ section, for wire transfer instructions. T. Rowe Price must receive the wire by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) to receive that day’s share price. There is no assurance that the share price for the purchase will be the same day the wire was initiated.

EXCHANGING AND REDEEMING SHARES
   

Exchange Service

 

Money can be moved from one account to an existing, identically registered account or a new identically registered account can be opened. Intermediaries should call their Financial Institution Services representative for more information or to place a trade. For exchange policies, please see Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements—Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy.

   

Redemptions

 

Unless otherwise indicated, redemption proceeds will be wired to the intermediary’s designated bank. Intermediaries should contact their Financial Institution Services representative.

   
  

Some of the T. Rowe Price funds may impose a redemption fee. Check the fund’s prospectus under Contingent Redemption Fee in Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds. The fee is paid to the fund.

   
  

If your account has no activity in it for a certain period of time, your intermediary may be required to transfer your account to the appropriate state under its abandoned property laws.


  

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45

RIGHTS RESERVED BY THE FUNDS
   
  

T. Rowe Price funds and their agents, in their sole discretion, reserve the following rights: (1) to waive or lower investment minimums; (2) to accept initial purchases by telephone; (3) to refuse any purchase or exchange order; (4) to cancel or rescind any purchase or exchange order placed through an intermediary no later than the business day after the order is received by the intermediary (including, but not limited to, orders deemed to result in excessive trading, market timing, or 5% ownership); (5) to cease offering fund shares at any time to all or certain groups of investors; (6) to freeze any account and suspend account services when notice has been received of a dispute regarding the ownership of the account, or a legal claim against an account, upon initial notification to T. Rowe Price of a shareholder’s death until T. Rowe Price receives required documentation in good order, or if there is reason to believe a fraudulent transaction may occur; (7) to otherwise modify the conditions of purchase and modify or terminate any services at any time; (8) to waive any wire, small account, maintenance, or fiduciary fees charged to a group of shareholders; (9) to act on instructions reasonably believed to be genuine; (10) to involuntarily redeem an account at the net asset value calculated the day the account is redeemed, in cases of threatening conduct, suspected fraudulent or illegal activity, or if the fund or its agent is unable, through its procedures, to verify the identity of the person(s) or entity opening an account; and (11) for money funds, to suspend redemptions and postpone the payment of proceeds to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the fund.


  

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46

T. ROWE PRICE PRIVACY POLICY

In the course of doing business with T. Rowe Price, you share personal and financial information with us. We treat this information as confidential and recognize the importance of protecting access to it.

You may provide information when communicating or transacting business with us in writing, electronically, or by phone. For instance, information may come from applications, requests for forms or literature, and your transactions and account positions with us. On occasion, such information may come from consumer reporting agencies and those providing services to us.

We do not sell information about current or former customers to any third parties, and we do not disclose it to third parties unless necessary to process a transaction, service an account, or as otherwise permitted by law. We may share information within the T. Rowe Price family of companies in the course of providing or offering products and services to best meet your investing needs. We may also share that information with companies that perform administrative or marketing services for T. Rowe Price, with a research firm we have hired, or with a business partner, such as a bank or insurance company with which we are developing or offering investment products. When we enter into such a relationship, our contracts restrict the companies’ use of our customer information, prohibiting them from sharing or using it for any purposes other than those for which they were hired.

We maintain physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to protect your personal information. Within T. Rowe Price, access to such information is limited to those who need it to perform their jobs, such as servicing your accounts, resolving problems, or informing you of new products or services. Finally, our Code of Ethics, which applies to all employees, restricts the use of customer information and requires that it be held in strict confidence.

This Privacy Policy applies to the following T. Rowe Price family of companies: T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Advisory Services, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Investment Services, Inc.; T. Rowe Price Trust Company; and the T. Rowe Price Funds.


A Statement of Additional Information for the T. Rowe Price family of funds, which includes additional information about the funds, has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Further information about fund investments, including a review of market conditions and the manager’s recent investment strategies and their impact on performance during the past fiscal year, is available in the annual and semiannual shareholder reports. To obtain free copies of any of these documents, call your intermediary. These documents are available through troweprice.com.

Fund information and Statements of Additional Information are also available from the Public Reference Room of the SEC. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090. Fund reports and other fund information are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the Public Reference Room, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

100 East Pratt Street

Baltimore, MD 21202

1940 Act File No. 811-2958     TBD 1/22/15


  

 

PROSPECTUS

 

TBD

 

January 22, 2015

 
  

T. Rowe Price

Global Unconstrained

Bond Fund

A fund seeking high income primarily through investments in a variety of bonds and other debt instruments from around the world.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

Information contained herein is subject to completion or amendment. A Registration Statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These securities may not be sold nor may offers to buy be accepted prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This Prospectus shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy nor shall there be any sale of these securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation, or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such state.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


Table of Contents

    

1

Summary

 

Mutual fund shares are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed by, any depository institution. Shares are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve, or any other government agency, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested.

 

Global Unconstrained Bond Fund 1

2

Information About Accounts
in T. Rowe Price Funds

 

Pricing Shares and Receiving Sale Proceeds 7

Useful Information on Distributions and Taxes 12

Transaction Procedures and Special Requirements 19

Administrative Fee Payments 23

Account Service Fee 23

3

More About the Fund

 

Organization and Management 25

More Information About the Fund and Its Investment Risks 28

Investment Policies and Practices 34

Disclosure of Fund Portfolio Information 50

4

Investing With T. Rowe Price

 

Account Requirements and Transaction Information 51

Opening a New Account 52

Purchasing Additional Shares 55

Exchanging and Redeeming Shares 56

Rights Reserved by the Funds 59

Information About Your Services 60

T. Rowe Price Brokerage 62

Investment Information 63

T. Rowe Price Privacy Policy 64


SUMMARY

Investment Objective

The fund seeks high current income.

Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

  

Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

Maximum sales charge (load) imposed on
purchases

NONE

  

Maximum deferred sales charge (load)

NONE

  

Redemption fee

NONE

  

Maximum account fee

$20a

Annual fund operating expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a
percentage of the value of your investment)

Management fees

0.49%

  

Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.00%

  

Other expenses

0.44%b

  

Total annual fund operating expenses

0.93%

  

Fee waiver/expense reimbursement

(0.18)%c

  

Total annual fund operating expenses after fee waiver/expense reimbursement

0.75%c

a Subject to certain exceptions, accounts with a balance of less than $10,000 are charged an annual $20 fee.

b Other expenses are estimated for the current fiscal year.

c T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. has agreed (through April 30, 2017) to waive its fees and/or bear any expenses (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses) that would cause the fund’s ratio of expenses to average daily net assets to exceed 0.75%. Termination of the agreement would require approval by the fund’s Board of Directors. Fees waived and expenses paid under this agreement are subject to reimbursement to T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. by the fund whenever the fund’s expense ratio is below 0.75%. However, no reimbursement will be made more than three years after the waiver or payment, or if it would result in the expense ratio exceeding 0.75% (excluding interest, expenses related to borrowings, taxes and brokerage, extraordinary expenses).

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense limitation currently in place is not renewed. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:


  

T. Rowe Price

2

  

1 year

3 years

$77

$254

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance.

Investments, Risks, and Performance

Principal Investment Strategies The fund normally invests at least 80% of its net assets (including any borrowings for investment purposes) in bonds, and seeks to offer some protection against rising interest rates and provide a low correlation with the equity markets. The fund may invest in a variety of debt securities, including mortgage- and asset-backed securities, obligations issued by U.S. and foreign governments and their agencies, and bonds issued by U.S. and foreign corporations, as well as bank loans, which represent amounts borrowed by companies from banks and other lenders. The fund normally invests at least 40% of its net assets in foreign securities, including securities of emerging market issuers, which may be denominated in U.S. dollars or non-U.S. dollar currencies. While there is no maximum amount that the fund may invest in securities of foreign issuers, through its non-U.S. dollar denominated holdings and the use of derivatives, the fund normally limits its overall foreign currency exposure to 50% of its net assets.

The fund focuses mainly on holdings that are rated investment grade (AAA, AA, A, BBB, or an equivalent rating) by a credit rating agency or, if unrated, deemed to be investment grade by T. Rowe Price. However, the fund may invest up to 30% in high yield bonds, also known as junk bonds, and other holdings that are rated below investment grade (BB and lower, or an equivalent rating) by a credit rating agency or, if unrated, deemed to be below investment grade by T. Rowe Price. If a security is split-rated (i.e., rated investment grade by at least one rating agency and below investment grade by another rating agency) at the time of purchase, the higher rating will be used for purposes of this limit.

When deciding whether to adjust duration (which measures the fund’s price sensitivity to interest rate changes) or allocations among the various sectors and asset classes (such as high yield corporate bonds, mortgage- and asset-backed securities, international bonds and emerging market bonds, and bank loans), the portfolio manager weighs such factors as expected interest rate movements and currency valuations, the outlook for inflation and the economy, and the yield advantage that lower rated bonds may offer over investment-grade bonds. The fund may invest in holdings of any maturity and does not attempt to maintain any particular weighted average maturity. The maturities of the fund’s holdings generally reflect the portfolio manager’s outlook for interest rates.


  

Summary

3

The fund’s investment approach allows the flexibility to invest across the global fixed income universe without constraints to particular benchmarks or asset classes in an effort to create a portfolio with low overall volatility and consistent income even in a rising interest rate environment. Although the fund has broad discretion in seeking investments that offer some downside risk protection while retaining the traditionally attractive characteristics of fixed income investments, it is expected that the fund will normally maintain a relatively concentrated portfolio. As a result, the fund is “nondiversified,” meaning it may invest a greater portion of its assets in fewer issuers than is permissible for a “diversified” fund.

While most assets are typically invested in bonds and other debt instruments, the fund also uses interest rate futures, interest rate swaps, forward currency exchange contracts, and credit default swaps in keeping with the fund’s objectives. Interest rate futures and interest rate swaps are primarily used to manage the fund’s exposure to interest rate changes and limit overall volatility by adjusting the portfolio’s duration and extending or shortening the overall maturity of the fund. Forward currency exchange contracts are used to limit overall volatility by protecting the fund’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated holdings from adverse currency movements relative to the U.S. dollar. However, such instruments may also be used to reduce volatility or generate returns by gaining exposure to certain currencies expected to increase or decrease in value relative to other currencies. The fund may buy or sell credit default swaps involving a specific issuer or an index in order to adjust the fund’s overall credit quality, as well as to protect the value of certain portfolio holdings.

The fund may sell holdings for a variety of reasons, such as to alter geographic or currency exposure, to adjust the portfolio’s average maturity, duration, or credit quality or to shift assets into and out of higher-yielding or lower-yielding securities.

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows:

Active management risk The fund is subject to the risk that the investment adviser’s judgments about the attractiveness, value, or potential appreciation of the fund’s investments may prove to be incorrect. If the securities selected and strategies employed by the fund fail to produce the intended results, the fund could underperform other funds with similar objectives and investment strategies.

Fixed income markets risk Economic and other market developments can adversely affect fixed income securities markets in the U.S. and abroad. At times, participants in these markets may develop concerns about the ability of certain issuers of debt securities to make timely principal and interest payments, or they may develop concerns about the ability of financial institutions that make markets in certain debt securities to facilitate an orderly market. Those concerns could cause increased volatility and reduced liquidity in particular securities or in the overall fixed income


  

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markets and the related derivatives markets. A lack of liquidity or other adverse credit market conditions may hamper the fund’s ability to sell the debt securities in which it invests or to find and purchase suitable debt instruments.

Bank loan risk To the extent the fund invests in bank loans, it is exposed to additional risks beyond those normally associated with more traditional debt securities. The fund’s ability to receive payments in connection with the loan depends primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and whether or not a loan is secured by collateral, although there is no assurance that the collateral securing a loan will be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligation. In addition, bank loans often have contractual restrictions on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price.

Interest rate risk This is the risk that a rise in interest rates will cause the price of a fixed rate debt security to fall. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities carry greater interest rate risk. The fund may be subject to a greater risk of rising interest rates due to the current period of historically low rates and the effect of potential government fiscal policy initiatives and resulting market reaction to those initiatives.

Prepayment risk and extension risk Prepayment risk is the risk that the principal on mortgage-backed securities, other asset-backed securities or any debt security with an embedded call option may be prepaid at any time, which could reduce yield and market value. The rate of prepayments tends to increase as interest rates fall, which could cause the average maturity of the portfolio to shorten. Extension risk may result from a rise in interest rates, which tends to make mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, and other callable debt securities more volatile.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security could suffer an adverse change in financial condition that results in a payment default, security downgrade, or inability to meet a financial obligation. Junk bonds carry a higher risk of default and should be considered speculative. The fund’s exposure to credit risk is increased to the extent it invests in securities that are rated noninvestment grade.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that the fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Reduced liquidity in the bond markets can result from a number of events, such as significant trading activity, reductions in bond inventory, and rapid or unexpected changes in interest rates. Less liquid markets could lead to greater price volatility and limit the fund’s ability to sell a holding at a suitable price.

Foreign investing risk Investing in the securities of non-U.S. issuers involves special risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. issuers. Foreign securities tend to be more volatile and less liquid than investments in U.S. securities, and may lose value because of adverse political, social, or economic developments overseas, or due to changes in the exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar. In


  

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5

addition, foreign investments are subject to settlement practices, and regulatory and financial reporting standards, that differ from those of the U.S.

Emerging markets risk The risks of foreign investing are heightened for securities of issuers in emerging market countries. Emerging market countries tend to have economic structures that are less diverse and mature, and political systems that are less stable, than those of developed countries. In addition to all of the risks of investing in foreign developed markets, emerging markets are more susceptible to governmental interference, local taxes being imposed on foreign investments, restrictions on gaining access to sales proceeds, and less liquid and efficient trading markets.

Currency risk Because the fund may invest in securities issued in foreign currencies, the fund is subject to the risk that it could experience losses based solely on the weakness of foreign currencies versus the U.S. dollar and changes in the exchange rates between such currencies and the U.S. dollar. Any attempts at currency hedging may not be successful and could cause the fund to lose money.

Nondiversification risk As a nondiversified fund, the fund has the ability to invest a larger percentage of its assets in the securities of a smaller number of issuers than a diversified fund. As a result, poor performance by a single issuer could adversely affect fund performance more than if the fund were invested in a larger number of issuers. The fund’s share price can be expected to fluctuate more than that of a comparable diversified fund.

Derivatives risk To the extent the fund uses forward currency exchange contracts, interest rate futures, interest rate swaps, and credit default swaps, it may be exposed to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt securities. These instruments can be illiquid and difficult to value, may involve leverage so that small changes produce disproportionate losses for the fund and, if not traded on an exchange, are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under the derivatives contract. The fund’s principal use of derivatives involves the risk that anticipated interest rate movements, expected changes in currency values and currency exchange rates, or the creditworthiness of an issuer will not be accurately predicted, which could significantly harm the fund’s performance and impair the fund’s efforts to reduce its overall volatility.

Performance Because the fund commenced operations in 2015, there is no historical performance information shown here. Performance history will be presented after the fund has been in operation for one full calendar year.

Current performance information may be obtained through troweprice.com or by calling 1-800-225-5132.

Management

Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price)


  

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Investment Sub-adviser T. Rowe Price International Ltd (T. Rowe Price International)

    

Portfolio Manager

Title

Managed Fund Since

Joined Investment
Adviser

Arif Husain

Chairman of Investment

Advisory Committee

2015

2013

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The fund’s investment minimums generally are as follows (if you hold shares through a financial intermediary, the intermediary may impose different investment minimums):

   

Type of Account

Minimum
initial purchase

Minimum subsequent
purchase

Individual retirement accounts, small business retirement plan accounts, and Uniform Gifts to Minors Act or Uniform Transfers to Minors Act accounts

$1,000

$100

   

All other accounts

  2,500

   100

You may purchase, redeem, or exchange shares of the fund on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open for business by accessing your account online at troweprice.com, by calling 1-800-225-5132, or by written request. If you hold shares through a financial intermediary, you must purchase, redeem, and exchange shares through your intermediary.

Tax Information

The fund declares dividends daily and pays them on the first business day of each month. Any capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (although you may be taxed upon withdrawal from such account).

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.


   

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As a T. Rowe Price shareholder, you will want to know about the following policies and procedures that apply to Investor Class accounts in the T. Rowe Price family of funds.

PRICING SHARES AND RECEIVING SALE PROCEEDS

How and When Shares Are Priced

The share price, also called the “net asset value,” for the funds is calculated at the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET) each day that the exchange is open for business. To calculate the net asset value, the fund’s assets are valued and totaled; liabilities are subtracted; and the balance, called net assets, is divided by the number of shares outstanding. Market values are used to price portfolio holdings for which market quotations are readily available. Market values generally reflect the prices at which securities actually trade or represent prices that have been adjusted based on evaluations and information provided by the fund’s pricing services. If a market value for a security is not available or normal valuation procedures are deemed to be inappropriate, the fund will make a good faith effort to assign a fair value to the security by taking into account various factors that have been approved by the fund’s Board of Directors/Trustees. This value may differ from the value the fund receives upon sale of the securities. Amortized cost is used to price securities held by money funds and certain other debt securities held by a fund. Investments in other mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of the mutual fund on the day of valuation.

Non-U.S. equity securities are valued on the basis of their most recent closing market prices at 4 p.m. ET, except under the circumstances described below. Most foreign markets close before 4 p.m. ET. For example, the most recent closing prices for securities traded in certain Asian markets may be as much as 15 hours old at 4 p.m. ET. If a fund determines that developments between the close of a foreign market and the close of the New York Stock Exchange will, in its judgment, materially affect the value of some or all of the fund’s securities, the fund will adjust the previous closing prices to reflect what it believes to be the fair value of the securities as of 4 p.m. ET. In deciding whether to make these adjustments, the fund reviews a variety of factors, including developments in foreign markets, the performance of U.S. securities markets, and the performance of instruments trading in U.S. markets that represent foreign securities and baskets of foreign securities. The fund may also fair value certain securities or a group of securities in other situations—for example, when a particular foreign market is closed but the fund is open. The fund uses outside pricing services to provide it with closing market prices and information used for adjusting those prices and to value most fixed income


  

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securities. The fund cannot predict how often it will use closing prices and how often it will adjust those prices. As a means of evaluating its fair value process, the fund routinely compares closing market prices, the next day’s opening prices in the same markets, and adjusted prices. The fund also evaluates a variety of factors when assigning fair values to private placements and other restricted securities. Other mutual funds may adjust the prices of their securities by different amounts or assign different fair values than the fair value that the fund assigns to the same security.

The various ways you can buy, sell, and exchange shares are explained at the end of this prospectus and on the New Account form. These procedures may differ for institutional and employer-sponsored retirement accounts or if you hold your account through an intermediary.

How Your Purchase, Sale, or Exchange Price Is Determined

If your request is received by T. Rowe Price in correct form by the close of the New York Stock Exchange (normally 4 p.m. ET), your transaction will be priced at that business day’s net asset value. If your request is received by T. Rowe Price after the close of the New York Stock Exchange, your transaction will be priced at the next business day’s net asset value.

The funds generally do not accept orders that request a particular day or price for a transaction or any other special conditions.

Fund shares may be purchased through various third-party intermediaries, including banks, brokers, and investment advisers. Where authorized by a fund, orders will be priced at the net asset value next computed after receipt by the intermediary. Contact your intermediary for trade deadlines and the applicable policies for purchasing, selling, or exchanging your shares, as well as initial and subsequent investment minimums. The intermediary may charge a fee for its services.

When authorized by the fund, certain financial institutions or retirement plans purchasing fund shares on behalf of customers or plan participants through T. Rowe Price Financial Institution Services or T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services may place a purchase order unaccompanied by payment. Payment for these shares must be received by the time designated by the fund (not to exceed the period established for settlement under applicable regulations). If payment is not received by this time, the order may be canceled. The financial institution or retirement plan is responsible for any costs or losses incurred by the fund or T. Rowe Price if payment is delayed or not received.

Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time until which orders are accepted may be changed in case of an emergency or if the New York Stock Exchange closes at a time other than 4 p.m. ET. In the event of an emergency closing, a fund’s shareholders will receive the next share price calculated by the fund. There may be times when you are unable to contact us by telephone or access your account online due to extreme market activity, the unavailability of the T. Rowe Price


  

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9

website, or other circumstances. Should this occur, your order must still be placed and accepted by T. Rowe Price prior to the time the New York Stock Exchange closes to be priced at that business day’s net asset value. Under certain conditions, a money fund may accept and process purchase and redemption orders beyond the close of the New York Stock Exchange on days that the New York Stock Exchange closes early and does not reopen, and may accept orders on a business day that the New York Stock Exchange is unexpectedly closed.

How You Can Receive the Proceeds From a Sale

When filling out the New Account form, you may wish to give yourself the widest range of options for receiving proceeds from a sale.

If your request is received in correct form by T. Rowe Price on a business day prior to the close of the New York Stock Exchange, proceeds are usually sent on the next business day. Proceeds can be mailed to you by check or sent electronically to your bank account by Automated Clearing House transfer or bank wire. Automated Clearing House is an automated method of initiating payments from, and receiving payments in, your financial institution account. Proceeds sent by Automated Clearing House transfer are usually credited to your account the second business day after the sale, and there are typically no fees associated with such payments. Proceeds sent by bank wire are usually credited to your account the next business day after the sale, although your financial institution may charge an incoming wire fee.

Exception Under certain circumstances, and when deemed to be in a fund’s best interest, your proceeds may not be sent for up to seven calendar days after we receive your redemption request. Under certain limited circumstances, the Board of Directors/Trustees of a money fund may elect to suspend redemptions and postpone payment of redemption proceeds in order to facilitate an orderly liquidation of the money fund.

If for some reason we cannot accept your request to sell shares, we will contact you.

Contingent Redemption Fee

Short-term trading can disrupt a fund’s investment program and create additional costs for long-term shareholders. For these reasons, certain T. Rowe Price funds, listed in the following table, assess a fee on redemptions (including exchanges out of a fund), which reduces the proceeds from such redemptions by the amounts indicated:

   

T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Africa & Middle East

2%

90 days or less

Asia Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Credit Opportunities

2%

90 days or less

Diversified Small-Cap Growth

1%

90 days or less


  

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T. Rowe Price Funds With Redemption Fees

Fund

Redemption fee

Holding period

Emerging Europe

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Corporate Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Local Currency Bond

2%

90 days or less

Emerging Markets Stock

2%

90 days or less

Equity Index 500

0.5%

90 days or less

European Stock

2%

90 days or less

Extended Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Floating Rate

2%

90 days or less

Global Growth Stock

2%

90 days or less

Global High Income Bond

2%

90 days or less

Global Real Estate

2%

90 days or less

Global Stock

2%

90 days or less

High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Intermediate Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

International Bond

2%

90 days or less

International Discovery

2%

90 days or less

International Equity Index

2%

90 days or less

International Growth & Income

2%

90 days or less

International Stock

2%

90 days or less

Japan

2%

90 days or less

Latin America

2%

90 days or less

New Asia

2%

90 days or less

Overseas Stock

2%

90 days or less

Real Assets

2%

90 days or less

Real Estate

1%

90 days or less

Small-Cap Value

1%

90 days or less

Spectrum International

2%

90 days or less

Tax-Efficient Equity

1%

less than 365 days

Tax-Free High Yield

2%

90 days or less

Total Equity Market Index

0.5%

90 days or less

U.S. Bond Enhanced Index

0.5%

90 days or less

Redemption fees are paid to a fund to deter short-term trading, offset costs, and protect the fund’s long-term shareholders. Subject to the exceptions described on the following pages, all persons holding shares of a T. Rowe Price fund that imposes a


  

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11

redemption fee are subject to the fee, whether the person is holding shares directly with a T. Rowe Price fund; through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price serves as recordkeeper; or indirectly through an intermediary (such as a broker, bank, or investment adviser), recordkeeper for retirement plan participants, or other third party.

Computation of Holding Period

When an investor sells shares of a fund that assesses a redemption fee, T. Rowe Price will use the “first-in, first-out” method to determine the holding period for the shares sold. Under this method, the date of redemption or exchange will be compared with the earliest purchase date of shares held in the account. The day after the date of your purchase is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the holding period. For a fund with a 365-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold before the end of the required holding period. For funds with a 90-day holding period, a redemption fee will be charged on shares sold on or before the end of the required holding period. For example, if you redeem your shares on or before the 90th day from the date of purchase, you will be assessed the redemption fee. If you purchase shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine how the holding period will be applied.

Transactions Not Subject to Redemption Fees

The T. Rowe Price funds will not assess a redemption fee with respect to certain transactions. As of the date of this prospectus, the following shares of T. Rowe Price funds will not be subject to redemption fees:

· Shares redeemed through an automated, systematic withdrawal plan;

· Shares redeemed through or used to establish certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap, and advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;*

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class of the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees (e.g., for failure to meet account minimums);

· Shares purchased by rollover or changes of account registration within the same fund;*

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that other shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy);

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares that are redeemed in-kind;


  

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12

· Shares transferred to T. Rowe Price or a third-party intermediary acting as a service provider when the age of the shares cannot be determined systematically;* and

· Shares redeemed in retirement plans or other products that restrict trading to no more frequently than once per quarter, if approved in writing by T. Rowe Price.

* Subsequent exchanges of these shares into funds that assess redemption fees will subject such shares to the fee.

Redemption Fees on Shares Held in Retirement Plans

If shares are held in a retirement plan, redemption fees generally will be assessed on shares redeemed by exchange only if they were originally purchased by exchange. However, redemption fees may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or how the fees are applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. To determine which of your transactions are subject to redemption fees, you should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper.

Omnibus Accounts

If your shares are held through an intermediary in an omnibus account, T. Rowe Price relies on the intermediary to assess the redemption fee on underlying shareholder accounts. T. Rowe Price seeks to identify intermediaries establishing omnibus accounts and to enter into agreements requiring the intermediary to assess the redemption fees. There are no assurances that T. Rowe Price will be successful in identifying all intermediaries or that the intermediaries will properly assess the fees.

Certain intermediaries may not apply the exemptions previously listed to the redemption fee policy; all redemptions by persons trading through such intermediaries may be subject to the fee. Certain intermediaries may exempt transactions not listed from redemption fees, if approved by T. Rowe Price. Persons redeeming shares through an intermediary should check with their respective intermediary to determine which transactions are subject to the fees.

USEFUL INFORMATION ON DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

Each fund intends to qualify to be treated each year as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In order to qualify, a fund must satisfy certain income, diversification, and distribution requirements. A regulated investment company is not subject to U.S. federal income tax at the portfolio level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, if a fund were to fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and was ineligible to or otherwise did not cure such failure, the result would be fund-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to the fund’s shareholders.

To the extent possible, all net investment income and realized capital gains are distributed to shareholders.


  

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Dividends and Other Distributions

Dividend and capital gain distributions are reinvested in additional fund shares in your account unless you select another option. Reinvesting distributions results in compounding, which allows you to receive dividends and capital gain distributions on an increasing number of shares.

Distributions not reinvested are paid by check or transmitted to your bank account via Automated Clearing House. If the U.S. Postal Service cannot deliver your check, or if your check remains uncashed for six months, the fund reserves the right to reinvest your distribution check in your account at the net asset value on the day of the reinvestment and to reinvest all subsequent distributions in shares of the fund. Interest will not accrue on amounts represented by uncashed distributions or redemption checks.

The following table provides details on dividend payments:

  

Dividend Payment Schedule

Fund

Dividends

Money funds

· Purchases received by T. Rowe Price by noon ET via wire begin to earn dividends on that day. Other shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

Bond funds

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

These stock funds only:

· Balanced

· Dividend Growth

· Equity Income

· Equity Index 500

· Global Real Estate

· Growth & Income

· Personal Strategy Balanced

· Personal Strategy Income

· Real Estate

· Declared and paid quarterly, if any, in March, June, September, and December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Other stock funds

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.


  

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Dividend Payment Schedule

Retirement and Spectrum Funds:

 

· Retirement Income and
Spectrum Income

· Shares normally begin to earn dividends on the business day after payment is received by T. Rowe Price.

· Declared daily and paid on the first business day of each month.

· All others

· Declared and paid annually, if any, generally in December.

· Must be a shareholder on the dividend record date.

Bond and money fund shares earn dividends through the date of redemption (except for wire redemptions from money funds prior to noon ET, which earn dividends through the calendar day prior to the date of redemption). Shares redeemed on a Friday or prior to a holiday will continue to earn dividends until the next business day. Generally, if you redeem all of your bond or money fund shares at any time during the month, you will also receive all dividends earned through the date of redemption in the same check. When you redeem only a portion of your bond or money fund shares, all dividends accrued on those shares will be reinvested, or paid in cash, on the next dividend payment date. The funds do not pay dividends in fractional cents. Any dividend amount earned for a particular day on all shares held that is one-half of one cent or greater (for example, $0.016) will be rounded up to the next whole cent ($0.02), and any amount that is less than one-half of one cent (for example, $0.014) will be rounded down to the nearest whole cent ($0.01). Please note that if the dividend payable on all shares held is less than one-half of one cent for a particular day, no dividend will be earned for that day.

If you purchase and sell your shares through an intermediary, consult your intermediary to determine when your shares begin and stop accruing dividends; the information previously described may vary.

Capital Gain Payments

A capital gain or loss is the difference between the purchase and sale price of a security. If a fund has net capital gains for the year (after subtracting any capital losses), they are usually declared and paid in December to shareholders of record on a specified date that month. If a second distribution is necessary, it is paid the following year.

Capital gain payments are not expected from money funds, which are managed to maintain a constant share price.


  

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15

Tax Information

In most cases, you will be provided information for your tax filing needs no later than mid-February.

If you invest in the fund through a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account, you will not be subject to tax on dividends and distributions from the fund or the sale of fund shares if those amounts remain in the tax-deferred account. You may receive a Form 1099-R or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as applicable, if any portion of the account is distributed to you.

If you invest in the fund through a taxable account, you generally will be subject to tax when:

· You sell fund shares, including an exchange from one fund to another.

· The fund makes dividend or capital gain distributions.

Additional information about the taxation of dividends for certain T. Rowe Price funds is listed below:

 

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Regular monthly dividends (including those from the state-specific tax-free funds) are expected to be exempt from federal income taxes.

· Exemption is not guaranteed, since the fund has the right under certain conditions to invest in nonexempt securities.

· A fund may hold Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds. Investments in these bonds will result in taxable interest income, although the federal income tax on such interest income may be fully or partially offset by the specified tax credits that are available to the bondholders. A fund may elect to pass through to the shareholders taxable interest income and any corresponding tax credits. Any available tax credits—which are also included in federal taxable income—generally can be used to offset federal regular income tax and alternative minimum tax, but those tax credits generally are not refundable.

· Tax-exempt dividends paid to Social Security recipients may increase the portion of benefits that is subject to tax.

· For state-specific funds, the monthly dividends you receive are expected to be exempt from state and local income tax of that particular state. For other funds, a small portion of your income dividend may be exempt from state and local income taxes.

· If a fund invests in certain “private activity” bonds that are not exempt from the alternative minimum tax, shareholders who are subject to the alternative minimum tax must include income generated by those bonds in their alternative minimum tax calculation. Private activity bonds issued in 2009 and 2010, and refunding bonds issued in 2009 and 2010 to refund private activity bonds that were issued from the beginning of 2004 to the end of 2008, are exempt from the alternative minimum tax. The portion of a fund’s income dividend that should be included in your alternative minimum tax calculation, if any, will be reported to you by mid-February on Form 1099-DIV.

For individual shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends representing “qualified dividend income” received by the fund may be subject to tax at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains rather than ordinary income. You may report it as “qualified dividend income” in computing your taxes, provided you have held the fund shares on which the dividend was paid for more than 60 days during the


  

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121-day period beginning 60 days before the ex-dividend date. Ordinary dividends that do not qualify for this lower rate are generally taxable at the investor’s marginal income tax rate. This includes the portion of ordinary dividends derived from interest, short-term capital gains, distributions from nonqualified foreign corporations, and dividends received by the fund from stocks that were on loan. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the Global Real Estate Fund, Real Estate Fund, or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this lower rate.

For corporate shareholders, a portion of ordinary dividends may be eligible for the 70% deduction for dividends received by corporations to the extent the fund’s income consists of dividends paid by U.S. corporations. Little, if any, of the ordinary dividends paid by the international stock funds or the bond and money funds is expected to qualify for this deduction.

A 3.8% net investment income tax is imposed on net investment income, including interest, dividends, and capital gains of U.S. individuals with income exceeding $200,000 (or $250,000 if married filing jointly) and of estates and trusts.

Taxes on Fund Redemptions

When you sell shares in any fund, you may realize a gain or loss. An exchange from one fund to another in a taxable account is also a sale for tax purposes.

T. Rowe Price will make available to you Form 1099-B, if applicable, no later than mid-February, indicating the date and amount of each sale you made in the fund during the prior year. This information will also be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. For most new accounts or those opened by exchange in 1984 or later, we will provide you with the gain or loss on the shares you sold during the year based on the average cost single category method. You may calculate the cost basis using other methods acceptable to the Internal Revenue Service, such as specific identification.

If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with any necessary tax forms. You should contact your intermediary for the tax information that will be sent to you and reported to the Internal Revenue Service.

For mutual fund shares acquired after 2011, new tax regulations require us to
report the cost basis information to you and the Internal Revenue Service on
Form 1099-B using a cost basis method selected by you or, in the absence of such selected method, our default method if you acquire your shares directly from us. Our default method is average cost. If you acquire your fund shares through an intermediary after 2011, you should check with your intermediary regarding the applicable cost basis method. You should, however, note that the cost basis information reported to you may not always be the same as what you should report on your tax return because the rules applicable to the determination of cost basis on Form 1099-B may be different from the rules applicable to the determination of cost


  

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17

basis for reporting on your tax return. Therefore, you should save your transaction records to make sure the information reported on your tax return is accurate. To help you maintain accurate records, T. Rowe Price will make available to you a confirmation promptly following each transaction you make (except for systematic purchases and systematic redemptions) and a year-end statement detailing all of your transactions in each fund account during the year. If you hold your fund through an intermediary, the intermediary is responsible for providing you with transaction confirmations and statements.

Taxes on Fund Distributions

T. Rowe Price (or your intermediary) will make available to you, as applicable, no later than mid-February, a Form 1099-DIV, or other Internal Revenue Service forms, as required, indicating the tax status of any income dividends, dividends exempt from federal income taxes, and capital gain distributions made to you. This information will be reported to the Internal Revenue Service. Taxable distributions are generally taxable to you in the year in which they are paid. Your bond or money fund dividends for each calendar year will include dividends accrued up to the first business day of the next calendar year. You will be sent any additional information you need to determine your taxes on fund distributions, such as the portion of your dividends, if any, that may be exempt from state and local income taxes. Dividends from tax-free funds are generally expected to be tax-exempt.

The tax treatment of a capital gain distribution is determined by how long the fund held the portfolio securities, not how long you held the shares in the fund. Short-term (one year or less) capital gain distributions are taxable at the same rate as ordinary income, and gains on securities held for more than one year are taxed at the lower rates applicable to long-term capital gains. If you realized a loss on the sale or exchange of fund shares that you held for six months or less, your short-term capital loss must be reclassified as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any long-term capital gain distributions received during the period you held the shares. For funds investing in foreign securities, distributions resulting from the sale of certain foreign currencies, currency contracts, and the foreign currency portion of gains on debt securities are taxed as ordinary income. Net foreign currency losses may cause monthly or quarterly dividends to be reclassified as returns of capital.

If the fund qualifies and elects to pass through nonrefundable foreign income taxes paid to foreign governments during the year, your portion of such taxes will be reported to you as taxable income. However, you may be able to claim an offsetting credit or deduction on your tax return for those amounts. There can be no assurance that a fund will meet the requirements to pass through foreign income taxes paid.

Taxable distributions are subject to tax whether reinvested in additional shares or received in cash.

If a fund holds Build America Bonds or other qualified tax credit bonds and elects to pass through the corresponding interest income and any available tax credits, you


  

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will need to report both the interest income and any such tax credits as taxable income. You may be able to claim the tax credits on your federal tax return as an offset to your income tax (including alternative minimum tax) liability, but the tax credits generally are not refundable. There is no assurance, however, that a fund will elect to pass through the income and credits.

The following table provides additional details on distributions for certain funds:

 

Taxes on Fund Distributions

Tax-Free and Municipal Funds

· Gains realized on the sale of market discount bonds with maturities beyond one year may be treated as ordinary income and cannot be offset by other capital losses.

· Payments received or gains realized on certain derivative transactions may result in taxable ordinary income or capital gains.

· To the extent the fund makes such investments, the likelihood of a taxable distribution will be increased.

Inflation Protected Bond Fund

· Inflation adjustments on Treasury inflation-protected securities that exceed deflation adjustments for the year will be distributed as a short-term capital gain resulting in ordinary income.

· In computing the distribution amount, the fund cannot reduce inflation adjustments by short- or long-term capital losses from the sales of securities.

· Net deflation adjustments for a year may result in all or a portion of dividends paid earlier in the year being treated as a return of capital. 

Retirement and Spectrum Funds

· Distributions by the underlying funds and changes in asset allocations may result in taxable distributions of ordinary income or capital gains.

Tax Consequences of Hedging

Entering into certain transactions involving options, futures, swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts may result in the application of the mark-to-market and straddle provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. These provisions could result in a fund being required to distribute gains on such transactions even though it did not close the contracts during the year or receive cash to pay such distributions. The fund may not be able to reduce its distributions for losses on such transactions to the extent of unrealized gains in offsetting positions.

Tax Effect of Buying Shares Before an Income Dividend or Capital Gain Distribution

If you buy shares shortly before or on the record date—the date that establishes you as the person to receive the upcoming distribution—you may receive a portion of the money you just invested in the form of a taxable distribution. Therefore, you may wish to find out a fund’s record date before investing. In addition, a fund’s share price may, at any time, reflect undistributed capital gains or income and unrealized appreciation, which may result in future taxable distributions. Such distributions can occur even in a year when the fund has a negative return.


  

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TRANSACTION PROCEDURES AND SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS

Following these procedures helps assure timely and accurate transactions.

Purchase Conditions

Nonpayment If you pay with a check or Automated Clearing House transfer that does not clear or if your payment is not received in a timely manner, your purchase may be canceled. You will be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the fund or transfer agent, and the fund can redeem shares you own in this or another identically registered T. Rowe Price account as reimbursement. The funds and their agents have the right to reject or cancel any purchase, exchange, or redemption due to nonpayment.

U.S. Dollars All purchases must be paid for in U.S. dollars; checks must be drawn on U.S. banks.

Sale (Redemption) Conditions

Holds on Immediate Redemptions: 10-Day Hold If you sell shares that you just purchased and paid for by check or Automated Clearing House transfer, the fund will process your redemption but will generally delay sending you the proceeds for up to 10 calendar days to allow the check or transfer to clear. If, during the clearing period, we receive a check drawn against your newly purchased shares, it will be returned marked “uncollected.” (The 10-day hold does not apply to purchases paid for by bank wire or automatic purchases through your paycheck.)

Telephone and Online Account Transactions You may access your account and conduct transactions using the telephone or the T. Rowe Price website. The T. Rowe Price funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the funds and their agents are not liable for any losses that may occur from acting on unauthorized instructions. A confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact T. Rowe Price immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. Telephone conversations are recorded.

Large Redemptions Large redemptions (for example, $250,000 or more) can adversely affect a portfolio manager’s ability to implement a fund’s investment strategy by causing the premature sale of securities that would otherwise be held longer. Therefore, the fund reserves the right (without prior notice) to pay all or part of redemption proceeds with securities from the fund’s portfolio rather than in cash (“redemption in-kind”). If this occurs, the securities will be selected by the fund in its absolute discretion, and the redeeming shareholder or account will be responsible for disposing of the securities and bearing any associated costs.


  

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Excessive and Short-Term Trading Policy

Excessive transactions and short-term trading can be harmful to fund shareholders in various ways, such as disrupting a fund’s portfolio management strategies, increasing a fund’s trading costs, and negatively affecting its performance. Short-term traders in funds that invest in foreign securities may seek to take advantage of developments overseas that could lead to an anticipated difference between the price of the funds’ shares and price movements in foreign markets. While there is no assurance that T. Rowe Price can prevent all excessive and short-term trading, the Boards of Directors/Trustees of the T. Rowe Price funds have adopted the following trading limits that are designed to deter such activity and protect the funds’ shareholders. The funds may revise their trading limits and procedures at any time as the Boards of Directors/Trustees deem necessary or appropriate to better detect short-term trading that may adversely affect the funds, to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, or to impose additional or alternative restrictions.

Subject to certain exceptions, each T. Rowe Price fund restricts a shareholder’s purchases (including through exchanges) into a fund account for a period of 30 calendar days after the shareholder has redeemed or exchanged out of that same fund account (the “30-Day Purchase Block”). The calendar day after the date of redemption is considered Day 1 for purposes of computing the period before another purchase may be made.

General Exceptions As of the date of this prospectus, the following types of transactions generally are not subject to the 30-Day Purchase Block:

· Shares purchased or redeemed in money funds and ultra short-term bond funds;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through a systematic purchase or withdrawal plan;

· Checkwriting redemptions from bond and money funds;

· Shares purchased through the reinvestment of dividends or capital gain distributions;

· Shares redeemed automatically by a fund to pay fund fees or shareholder account fees;

· Transfers and changes of account registration within the same fund;

· Shares purchased by asset transfer or direct rollover;

· Shares purchased or redeemed through IRA conversions and recharacterizations;

· Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution from a retirement account;

· Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

· Certain transactions in defined benefit and nonqualified plans, subject to prior approval by T. Rowe Price;

· Shares converted from one share class to another share class in the same fund; and

· Shares of T. Rowe Price funds that are purchased by another T. Rowe Price fund, including shares purchased by T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, and shares purchased by discretionary accounts managed by T. Rowe Price or one of its affiliates (please note that shareholders of the investing T. Rowe Price fund are still subject to the policy).


  

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Transactions in certain rebalancing, asset allocation, wrap programs, and other advisory programs, as well as non-T. Rowe Price fund-of-funds products, may also be exempt from the 30-Day Purchase Block, subject to prior written approval by T. Rowe Price.

In addition to restricting transactions in accordance with the 30-Day Purchase Block, T. Rowe Price may, in its discretion, reject (or instruct an intermediary to reject) any purchase or exchange into a fund from a person (which includes individuals and entities) whose trading activity could disrupt the management of the fund or dilute the value of the fund’s shares, including trading by persons acting collectively (e.g., following the advice of a newsletter). Such persons may be barred, without prior notice, from further purchases of T. Rowe Price funds for a period longer than 30 calendar days or permanently.

Intermediary Accounts If you invest in T. Rowe Price funds through an intermediary, you should review the intermediary’s materials carefully or consult with the intermediary directly to determine the trading policy that will apply to your trades in the funds as well as any other rules or conditions on transactions that may apply. If T. Rowe Price is unable to identify a transaction placed through an intermediary as exempt from the excessive trading policy, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply.

Intermediaries may maintain their underlying accounts directly with the fund, although they often establish an omnibus account (one account with the fund that represents multiple underlying shareholder accounts) on behalf of their customers. When intermediaries establish omnibus accounts in the T. Rowe Price funds, T. Rowe Price is not able to monitor the trading activity of the underlying shareholders. However, T. Rowe Price monitors aggregate trading activity at the intermediary (omnibus account) level in an attempt to identify activity that indicates potential excessive or short-term trading. If it detects suspicious trading activity, T. Rowe Price contacts the intermediary and may request personal identifying information and transaction histories for some or all underlying shareholders (including plan participants, if applicable). If T. Rowe Price believes that excessive or short-term trading has occurred, it will instruct the intermediary to impose restrictions to discourage such practices and take appropriate action with respect to the underlying shareholder, including restricting purchases for 30 calendar days or longer. There is no assurance that T. Rowe Price will be able to properly enforce its excessive trading policies for omnibus accounts. Because T. Rowe Price generally relies on intermediaries to provide information and impose restrictions for omnibus accounts, its ability to monitor and deter excessive trading will be dependent upon the intermediaries’ timely performance of their responsibilities.

T. Rowe Price may allow an intermediary or other third party to maintain restrictions on trading in the T. Rowe Price funds that differ from the 30-Day Purchase Block. An alternative excessive trading policy would be acceptable to T. Rowe Price if it believes that the policy would provide sufficient protection to the T. Rowe Price funds and


  

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their shareholders that is consistent with the excessive trading policy adopted by the funds’ Boards of Directors/Trustees.

Retirement Plan Accounts If shares are held in a retirement plan, generally the
30-Day Purchase Block applies only to shares redeemed by a participant-directed exchange to another fund. However, the 30-Day Purchase Block may apply to transactions other than exchanges depending on how shares of the plan are held at T. Rowe Price or the excessive trading policy applied by your plan’s recordkeeper. An alternative excessive trading policy may apply to the T. Rowe Price funds where a retirement plan has its own policy deemed acceptable to T. Rowe Price. You should contact T. Rowe Price or your plan recordkeeper to determine which of your transactions are subject to the funds’ 30-Day Purchase Block or an alternative policy.

There is no guarantee that T. Rowe Price will be able to identify or prevent all excessive or short-term trades or trading practices.

Keeping Your Account Open

Due to the relatively high cost to a fund of maintaining small accounts, we ask you to maintain an account balance of at least $1,000 ($10,000 for Summit Funds). If, for any reason, your balance is below this amount for three months or longer, we have the right to redeem your account at the then-current net asset value after giving you 60 days to increase your balance. This could result in a taxable gain.

Signature Guarantees

A Medallion signature guarantee is designed to protect you and the T. Rowe Price funds from fraud by verifying your signature.

You may need to have your signature guaranteed in certain situations, such as:

· Written requests: (1) to redeem over $100,000 or (2) to wire redemption proceeds when prior bank account authorization is not on file.

· Remitting redemption proceeds to any person, address, or bank account not on file.

· Transferring redemption proceeds to a T. Rowe Price fund account with a different registration (name or ownership) from yours.

· Establishing certain services after the account is opened.

The signature guarantee must be obtained from a financial institution that is a participant in a Medallion signature guarantee program. You can obtain a Medallion signature guarantee from most banks, savings institutions, broker-dealers, and other guarantors acceptable to T. Rowe Price. When obtaining a Medallion signature guarantee, please discuss with the guarantor the dollar amount of your proposed transaction. It is important that the level of coverage provided by the guarantor’s stamp covers the dollar amount of the transaction or it may be rejected. We cannot accept guarantees from notaries public or organizations that do not provide reimbursement in the case of fraud.


  

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ADMINISTRATIVE FEE PAYMENTS 

The funds may make payments to retirement plans, broker-dealers, and other financial intermediaries (at a rate of up to 0.15% of average daily net assets per year) for transfer agency, recordkeeping, and other administrative services that they provide on behalf of the funds. These administrative services may include services such as maintaining separate account records for each customer; transmitting net purchase and redemption orders; delivering shareholder confirmations, statements, and tax forms; and providing support to respond to customers’ questions regarding their accounts. These payments are reflected in the “Other expenses” line that appears in a fund’s fee table in Section 1.

ACCOUNT SERVICE FEE 

In an effort to help offset the disproportionately high costs incurred by the funds in connection with servicing lower-balance accounts, an annual $20 account service fee (paid to T. Rowe Price Services, Inc., or one of its affiliates) is charged to certain fund accounts with a balance below $10,000. The determination of whether a fund account is subject to the account service fee is based on account balances and services selected for accounts as of the last business day of August. The fee will be charged to an account with a balance below $10,000 for any reason, including market fluctuation and recent redemptions. The fee, which is automatically deducted from an account by redeeming fund shares, is typically charged to accounts in early September each calendar year. Such redemption may result in a taxable gain or loss to you.

The account service fee generally does not apply to fund accounts that are held through an intermediary, participant accounts in employer-sponsored retirement plans for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services, or money funds that are used as a T. Rowe Price Brokerage sweep account. Regardless of a particular fund account’s balance on the last business day of August, the account service fee is automatically waived for accounts that satisfy any of the following conditions:

· Any accounts for which the shareholder has elected to receive electronic delivery of all of the following: account statements, transaction confirmations, prospectuses, and shareholder reports;

· Any accounts of a shareholder with at least $50,000 in total assets with T. Rowe Price (for this purpose, total assets includes investments in T. Rowe Price mutual funds, except for those held through a retirement plan for which T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides recordkeeping services; T. Rowe Price Brokerage; and T. Rowe Price variable annuities); or


  

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· Any accounts of a shareholder who is a T. Rowe Price Preferred Services, Personal Services, or Enhanced Personal Services client (enrollment in these programs generally requires T. Rowe Price assets of at least $100,000—visit troweprice.com or call 1-800-537-1098 for more information).

T. Rowe Price reserves the right to authorize additional waivers for other types of accounts or to modify the conditions for assessment of the account service fee. Fund shares held in a T. Rowe Price individual retirement account, Education Savings Account, or small business retirement plan account (including certain 403(b) plan accounts) are subject to the account service fee and may be subject to additional administrative fees when distributing all fund shares from such accounts.


   

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ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

How is the fund organized?

T. Rowe Price International Funds, Inc. (the “corporation”) was incorporated in Maryland in 1979. Currently, the corporation consists of 22 series, each representing a separate pool of assets with different objectives and investment policies. Each is an “open-end management investment company,” or mutual fund. Mutual funds pool money received from shareholders and invest it to try to achieve specified objectives.

What is meant by “shares”?

As with all mutual funds, investors purchase shares when they put money in a fund. These shares are part of a fund’s authorized capital stock, but share certificates are not issued.

Each share and fractional share entitles the shareholder to:

· Receive a proportional interest in income and capital gain distributions.

· Cast one vote per share on certain fund matters, including the election of fund directors/trustees, changes in fundamental policies, or approval of changes in the fund’s management contract.

Do T. Rowe Price funds have annual shareholder meetings?

The funds are not required to hold annual meetings. To avoid unnecessary costs to fund shareholders, annual meetings are only held when certain matters, such as a change in fundamental policies, must be decided. In addition, shareholders representing at least 10% of all eligible votes may call a special meeting for the purpose of voting on the removal of any fund director or trustee. If a meeting is held and you cannot attend, you can vote by proxy. Before the meeting, the fund will send or make available to you proxy materials that explain the matters to be decided and include instructions on voting by mail, telephone, or the Internet.

Who runs the fund?

General Oversight

The fund is governed by a Board of Directors (the “Board”) that meets regularly to review fund investments, performance, expenses, and other business affairs. The Board elects the fund’s officers. At least 75% of Board members are independent of T. Rowe Price and its affiliates (the “Firm”).

All decisions regarding the purchase and sale of fund investments are made by T. Rowe Price or an affiliated investment adviser—specifically by the fund’s portfolio manager.


  

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Investment Advisers

T. Rowe Price is the fund’s investment adviser and oversees the selection of the fund’s investments and management of the fund’s portfolio. T. Rowe Price is a SEC-registered investment adviser that provides investment management services to individual and institutional investors, and sponsors and serves as adviser and sub-adviser to registered investment companies, institutional separate accounts, and common trust funds. The address for T. Rowe Price is 100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202. As of September 30, 2014, the Firm had approximately $731 billion in assets under management and provided investment management services for more than 9 million individual and institutional investor accounts.

T. Rowe Price has entered into a sub-advisory agreement with T. Rowe Price International under which T. Rowe Price International selects the fund’s foreign investments in developed market countries. T. Rowe Price International is an investment adviser registered or licensed with the SEC, United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, Financial Services Agency of Japan, and other non-U.S. regulatory authorities. T. Rowe Price International sponsors and serves as adviser to foreign collective investment schemes and provides investment management services to investment companies and other institutional investors. T. Rowe Price International is headquartered in London and has several branch offices around the world. T. Rowe Price International is a direct subsidiary of T. Rowe Price and its address is 60 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TZ, United Kingdom.

Portfolio Management

T. Rowe Price has established an Investment Advisory Committee with respect to the fund. The committee chairman has day-to-day responsibility for managing the fund’s portfolio and works with the committee in developing and executing the fund’s investment program. The members of the committee are as follows: Arif Husain, Chairman, Steven C. Huber, Stefan Hubrich, Kenneth A. Orchard, Ju Yen Tan, and J. Howard Woodward. The following information provides the year that the chairman first joined the Firm and the chairman’s specific business experience during the past five years (although the chairman may have had portfolio management responsibilities for a longer period). Mr. Husain has been chairman of the committee since the fund’s inception in 2015. He joined the Firm in 2013 and his investment experience dates from 1995. Since joining the Firm, he has served as a portfolio manager and as the Head of International Fixed Income. Prior to joining the Firm, he served as director of European Fixed Income and UK and Euro Portfolio Management with AllianceBernstein, where he oversaw research and had responsibility for managing global, European, and UK fixed income portfolios. The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio manager, and the portfolio manager’s ownership of fund shares.


  

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The Management Fee

This fee has two parts–an “individual fund fee,” which reflects a fund’s particular characteristics, and a “group fee.” The group fee, which is designed to reflect the benefits of the shared resources of the T. Rowe Price investment management complex, is calculated daily based on the combined net assets of all T. Rowe Price funds (except the Spectrum Funds, Retirement Funds, Target Retirement Funds, TRP Reserve Investment Funds, and any index or private label mutual funds). The group fee schedule (in the following table) is graduated, declining as the asset total rises, so shareholders benefit from the overall growth in mutual fund assets.

Group Fee Schedule

  

  0.334%*

First $50 billion

0.305%

Next $30 billion

0.300%

Next $40 billion

0.295%

Next $40 billion

0.290%

Next $60 billion

0.285%

Next $80 billion

0.280%

Next $100 billion

0.275%

Thereafter

* Represents a blended group fee rate containing various breakpoints.

The fund’s group fee is determined by applying the group fee rate to the fund’s average daily net assets. On May 31, 2014, the annual group fee rate was 0.29%. The individual fund fee, also applied to the fund’s average daily net assets, is 0.20%.

A discussion about the factors considered by the Board and its conclusions in approving the fund’s investment management contract with T. Rowe Price and the subadvisory contract with T. Rowe Price International will appear in the fund’s semiannual report to shareholders for the period ended June 30.

Fund Operations and Shareholder Services

T. Rowe Price provides accounting services to the T. Rowe Price funds. T. Rowe Price Services, Inc. acts as the transfer and dividend disbursing agent and provides shareholder and administrative services to the funds. T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services, Inc. provides recordkeeping, sub-transfer agency, and administrative services for certain types of retirement plans investing in the funds. These companies receive compensation from the funds for their services. The funds may also pay third-party intermediaries for performing shareholder and administrative services for underlying shareholders in omnibus accounts. All such fees are included in the fees and expenses table under “Other expenses” and in the fund’s financial statements.


  

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MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND AND ITS INVESTMENT RISKS

Consider your investment goals, your time horizon for achieving them, and your tolerance for risk. The fund should offer higher yields than money and short-term bond funds, but with greater risk. However, the fund should be less volatile than less diversified bond funds and funds that focus on emerging markets or high yield bonds. In addition, the portfolio is widely diversified among a broad range of fixed income securities, thus potentially reducing the effect of a particular asset class on the fund’s share price or total return.

The fund’s investment program provides considerable flexibility in constructing a portfolio that is well-positioned to respond to changes in interest rates without sacrificing the traditionally attractive characteristics of fixed income investing, such as income, diversification, and liquidity. The fund is not managed against any fixed income benchmark and overall places a greater emphasis on its duration and currency exposure than its credit exposure. The portfolio manager analyzes the overall investment opportunities and risks among the various fixed income sectors and allocates the fund’s assets based on an assessment of U.S. and global economic and market conditions, interest rate movements, currency exchange rates, industry and issuer conditions and business cycles, and other relevant factors. There are no maturity restrictions so the fund can purchase longer-term bonds, which tend to have higher yields than shorter-term issues, when conditions warrant.

In addition to investing in a wide array of bonds and other debt instruments, the fund also uses interest rate futures, interest rate swaps, forward currency exchange contracts, and credit default swaps as part of its principal investment strategies. The fund typically uses derivatives as part of a strategy designed to adjust exposure to particular risks, such as interest rate risk, currency risk, and credit risk, or as a substitute for taking a direct position in the underlying asset.

Interest rate futures and swaps are typically used to manage the fund’s duration and overall interest rate exposure. Through the use of these instruments, the fund may either extend or shorten the overall maturity of the fund and adjust its exposure with respect to particular countries or bond markets. Forward currency exchange contracts are used to protect the fund’s non-U.S. dollar-denominated holdings from adverse currency movements by hedging the fund’s foreign currency exposure back to the U.S. dollar, as well as to gain exposure to a currency believed to be appreciating in value versus other currencies. The fund has wide flexibility to purchase and sell currencies independently of whether the fund owns bonds in those currencies and to engage in currency hedging transactions. The fund’s currency positions will vary with its outlook on the strength or weakness of one currency compared to another currency and the relative value of various currencies to one another. The fund may buy single name credit default swaps to protect against a negative credit event (such as a bankruptcy or downgrade) and an expected decline in the creditworthiness of an issuer, which would lead to a decrease in the value of


  

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the securities it issues. The fund may also sell single name credit default swaps to benefit from an expected improvement in an issuer’s creditworthiness. In addition, the fund may use credit default swap indexes to hedge the portfolio’s overall credit risk or to efficiently gain exposure to certain sectors or asset classes (such as high yield bonds).

The fund may take a net short position in a currency, which allows the fund to sell a currency in excess of the value of its holdings denominated in that currency or sell a currency even if it does not hold any assets denominated in the currency. The fund may also use interest rate futures and swaps to take long or short positions with respect to its exposure to a particular country or bond market. In addition, the fund may use credit default swaps to take long or short positions with respect to an underlying issuer or asset class by either selling or buying protection under the contract.

The fund’s yield will vary. A fund’s yield is the annualized dividends earned for a given period (typically 30 days for bond funds), divided by the share price at the end of the period. A fund’s total return includes distributions from income and capital gains and the change in share price for a given period.

Credit quality refers to a bond issuer’s expected ability to make all required interest and principal payments on time. Because highly-rated issuers represent less risk, they can borrow at lower interest rates than less-creditworthy issuers. Therefore, a fund investing in high-quality securities should have a lower yield than an otherwise comparable fund investing in lower-quality securities.

Every bond has a stated maturity date when the issuer must repay the bond’s entire principal value to the investor. However, many bonds are “callable,” meaning their principal can be repaid before the stated maturity date. Bonds are most likely to be called when interest rates are falling because the issuer can refinance at a lower rate, just as a homeowner refinances a mortgage when interest rates fall. In that environment, a bond’s “effective maturity” is usually its nearest call date. For example, the rate at which homeowners pay down their mortgage principal determines the effective maturity of mortgage-backed bonds.

Mortgage-backed securities differ from other high-quality bonds in one major respect. Non-mortgage bonds generally repay principal (face value of the bond) when their maturity date is reached, but most mortgage-backed securities repay principal continually as homeowners make mortgage payments. Homeowners have the option of paying either part or all of the loan balance before maturity, perhaps to refinance or buy a new home. As a result, the effective maturity of a mortgage-backed security is virtually always shorter than its stated maturity. For example, a newly issued pass-through certificate backed by 30-year, fixed rate mortgages will generally have a far shorter life than 30 years - probably 12 years or less. Therefore, it will usually be about as volatile as a 10-year Treasury bond. It is possible to estimate the average life


  

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of an entire mortgage pool backing a particular security with some accuracy, but not with certainty.

A bond fund has no real maturity, but it does have a weighted average maturity and a weighted average effective maturity. Each of these numbers is an average of the stated or effective maturities of the underlying bonds, with each bond’s maturity “weighted” by the percentage of fund assets it represents. (A fund’s average effective maturity is calculated by reference to the nearest mortgage prepayment dates, call dates, or coupon reset dates of the underlying holdings.) Some funds utilize effective maturities rather than stated maturities when managing a fund to a certain average maturity, which provides additional flexibility in portfolio management.

Duration is a calculation that seeks to measure the price sensitivity of a bond or a bond fund to changes in interest rates. It is expressed in years, like maturity, but it is a better indicator of price sensitivity than maturity because it takes into account the time value of cash flows generated over the bond’s life. Future interest and principal payments are discounted to reflect their present value and then multiplied by the number of years they will be received to produce a value expressed in years–the duration. “Effective” duration takes into account call features and sinking fund payments that may shorten a bond’s life.

Since duration can be computed for bond funds, you can estimate the effect of interest rate fluctuations on share prices by multiplying fund duration by an expected change in interest rates. For example, the price of a bond fund with a duration of five years would be expected to fall approximately 5% if rates rose by one percentage point. A bond fund with a longer duration will generally be more sensitive to changes in interest rates than a bond fund with a shorter duration. (A bond fund’s duration is shown in its shareholder report.)

As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee the fund will achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money when you sell your shares of the fund. The income level of the fund will change with market conditions and interest rate levels.

Some particular risks affecting the fund include the following:

Market risk The market price of securities owned by the fund may go up or down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Securities may decline in value due to factors affecting the overall securities markets, or particular industries or sectors. The value of a security may decline due to general market conditions which are not specifically related to a particular issuer, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for an issuer’s financial condition, changes in interest or currency rates, or adverse investor sentiment generally. The value of a security may also decline due to factors which affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry.


  

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Interest rate risk This is the risk that prices of bonds and other fixed income securities will increase as interest rates fall and prices will decrease as interest rates rise (bond prices and interest rates usually move in opposite directions). Prices fall because the bonds and notes in the fund’s portfolio become less attractive to other investors when securities with higher yields become available. Even mortgage-backed securities and other securities whose principal and interest payments are guaranteed can decline in price if interest rates rise. Generally, securities with longer maturities and funds with longer weighted average maturities have greater interest rate risk. As a result, in a rising interest rate environment, the net asset value of a fund with a longer weighted average maturity typically decreases at a faster rate than the net asset value of a fund with a shorter weighted average maturity. If the fund purchases longer-maturity bonds and interest rates rise unexpectedly, the fund’s share price could decline, although the fund has significant flexibility to adjust its duration based on the forecast for interest rates. This includes maintaining an extremely short or negative duration, which should result in the value of the fund increasing even when interest rates are rising.

Prepayment risk This is the risk that a fund investing in mortgage-backed securities, certain asset-backed securities, and other debt securities that have embedded call options can be negatively impacted when interest rates fall because borrowers tend to refinance and prepay principal. Receiving increasing prepayments in a falling interest rate environment causes the average maturity of the portfolio to shorten, reducing its potential for price gains. It also requires the fund to reinvest proceeds at lower interest rates, which reduces the fund’s total return and yield, and could result in a loss if bond prices fall below the level that the fund paid for them.

Extension risk This is the risk that a rise in interest rates or lack of refinancing opportunities can cause a fund’s average maturity to lengthen unexpectedly due to a drop in expected prepayments of mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, and callable debt securities. This would increase a fund’s sensitivity to rising rates and its potential for price declines.

Credit risk This is the risk that an issuer of a debt security held by the fund will default (fail to make scheduled payments), potentially reducing the fund’s income and share price. This risk is increased when a portfolio security is downgraded or the perceived creditworthiness of an issuer or counterparty deteriorates. Investment-grade (AAA through BBB) securities have a relatively lower risk of encountering financial problems and a relatively higher probability of future payments. However, securities rated BBB are more susceptible to adverse economic conditions and may have speculative characteristics. Securities rated below investment grade (“junk” or high yield bonds) should be regarded as speculative because their issuers are more susceptible to financial setbacks and recession than more creditworthy companies. High yield bond issuers include small companies lacking the history or capital to merit investment-grade status, former blue-chip companies downgraded because of financial problems, and firms with heavy debt loads or large levels of operating


  

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leverage. If the fund invests in securities whose issuers develop unexpected credit problems, the fund’s share price could decline.

Liquidity risk This is the risk that a fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner at a desired price. Sectors of the bond market can experience sudden downturns in trading activity. During periods of reduced market liquidity, the spread between the price at which a security can be bought and the price at which it can be sold can widen, and the fund may not be able to sell a holding readily at a price that reflects what the fund believes it should be worth. Less liquid securities can also become more difficult to value.

Foreign investing risk To the extent a fund holds foreign securities, it will be subject to special risks, whether the securities are denominated in U.S. dollars or foreign currencies. These risks include potentially adverse political, social, and economic conditions overseas, greater volatility, lower liquidity, and the possibility that foreign currencies will decline against the dollar, lowering the value of securities denominated in those currencies and possibly a fund’s share price.

Emerging markets risk The fund’s investments in emerging markets are subject to the risk of abrupt and severe price declines. The economic and political structures of developing or emerging market countries, in most cases, do not compare favorably with the U.S. or other developed countries in terms of wealth and stability, and their financial markets often lack liquidity. These economies are less developed and can be overly reliant on particular industries and more vulnerable to the ebb and flow of international trade and capital trade barriers and other protectionist or retaliatory measures. Sanctions and other intergovernmental actions are more likely to be undertaken against an emerging market country, which could result in the devaluation of the country’s currency, a downgrade in the country’s credit rating, and a decline in the value and liquidity of securities issued by the country’s government and by companies located in or doing business in the country. Sanctions could result in the immediate freeze of securities issued by an emerging market company or government, which would impair the ability of a fund to buy, sell, or receive proceeds from the sanctioned securities. Some countries have legacies of hyperinflation and currency devaluations versus the U.S. dollar (which adversely affect returns to U.S. investors). Significant devaluations have occurred in recent years in various emerging market countries. Governments of some emerging market countries have defaulted on their bonds, and investors in this sector must be prepared for similar events in the future.

Currency risk This is the risk of a decline in the value of a foreign currency versus the U.S. dollar, which reduces the dollar value of securities denominated in that foreign currency. The overall impact on the fund’s holdings can be significant and long-lasting, depending on the currencies represented in the portfolio, how each one appreciates or depreciates in relation to the U.S. dollar, and whether currency positions are hedged. To the extent the fund is exposed to foreign currencies, changes in currency exchange rates can play a significant role in fund performance.


  

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Currency trends are unpredictable, and to the extent the fund purchases and sells currencies, it will also be subject to the risk that its trading strategies, including efforts at hedging, will not succeed. Furthermore, hedging costs can be significant and reduce the fund’s net asset value, and many emerging market currencies cannot be effectively hedged.

Short positions If a fund takes a short position with respect to a particular currency, market, asset class, or issuer, it will lose money if the underlying reference asset or index appreciates in value, or an expected credit event fails to occur. Losses could be significant.

Nondiversification risk Because the fund is nondiversified, the fund can invest more of its assets in a smaller number of issuers than diversified funds. Concentrating investments could result in greater potential losses than for funds investing in a broader variety of issuers.

Derivatives risk The fund’s use of interest rate futures, interest rate swaps, and forward currency exchange contracts could expose the fund to additional volatility in comparison to investing directly in bonds and other debt instruments. These instruments can experience reduced liquidity and become difficult to value, and any of these instruments not traded on an exchange are subject to the risk that a counterparty to the transaction will fail to meet its obligations under the derivatives contract. The use of these instruments involves the risks that anticipated interest rate movements and changes in currency exchange rates will not be accurately predicted. Interest rates and yield curves vary from country to country depending on local economic conditions and monetary and fiscal policies, and interest rate changes and their impact tend to be more difficult to predict for foreign countries, particularly emerging market countries. Any efforts at buying or selling currencies could result in significant losses for the fund and, if the fund takes a short position in a particular currency, it will lose money if the currency appreciates in value. Further, if the fund’s foreign currency transactions are intended to hedge the currency risk associated with investing in foreign securities and minimize the risk of loss that would result from a decline in the value of the hedged currency, these transactions also may limit any potential gain that might result should the value of such currency increase. To the extent the fund invests in credit default swaps, it is exposed to the risk of losses and the risk that anticipated changes in the creditworthiness of an issuer or the likelihood of a credit event will not be accurately predicted. If the fund buys a credit default swap and no credit event occurs, the fund may recover nothing if the swap is held through its termination date. The values and payment rates of credit default swaps on credit indexes will reflect the perceived credit risk of the swaps underlying the index.

Efforts to reduce risk Consistent with the fund’s objective, the portfolio manager uses various tools to try to reduce risk and increase total return, including:

· Thorough credit research performed by T. Rowe Price analysts.

· Analysis of industry, country, and regional fundamentals.


  

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· Adjusting fund duration to try to reduce the drop in the fund’s price when interest rates rise or to benefit from the rise in price when rates fall.

· Management of the impact of foreign currency changes on the fund’s portfolio.

Additional strategies and risks In addition to the fund’s normal investments, the fund may employ other strategies that are not considered part of its principal investment strategies. Such investments may include other securities and, to a limited extent, other types of derivatives than those described in the fund’s principal strategies. The fund may use equity futures to take long or short positions with respect to equity markets. Short positions in such instruments are typically used to hedge the portfolio’s overall level of market risk or reduce the fund’s correlation with the equity markets. In addition to forward currency exchange contracts, the fund may use a variety of other currency derivative instruments, such as currency swaps, foreign currency options, and currency futures. Such instruments are typically used for currency hedging and may be used to take a short position in a currency, and are subject to many of the same risks associated with forward currency exchange contracts.

A derivative involves risks different from, and possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in the assets on which the derivative is based. Derivatives can be highly volatile, illiquid, and difficult to value. Changes in the value of a derivative may not properly correlate with changes in the value of the underlying asset, reference rate, or index. A fund could be exposed to significant losses if it is unable to close a derivatives position due to the lack of a liquid secondary trading market. Derivatives involve the risk that a counterparty to the derivatives agreement will fail to make required payments or comply with the terms of the agreement. There is also the possibility that limitations or trading restrictions may be imposed by an exchange or government regulation, which could adversely impact the value and liquidity of a derivatives contract subject to such regulation.

Recent regulations have changed the requirements related to the use of certain derivatives. Some of these new regulations have limited the availability of certain derivatives and made their use by funds more costly. It is expected that additional changes to the regulatory framework will occur, but the extent and impact of additional new regulations are not certain at this time.

The Statement of Additional Information contains more detailed information about the fund and its investments, operations, and expenses.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES

This section takes a detailed look at some of the types of fund securities and the various kinds of investment practices that may be used in day-to-day portfolio


  

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management. Fund investments are subject to further restrictions and risks described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Shareholder approval is required to substantively change fund objectives. Shareholder approval is also required to change certain investment restrictions noted in the following section as “fundamental policies.” Portfolio managers also follow certain “operating policies” that can be changed without shareholder approval. Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ prior notice of a change in the fund’s policy requiring it to invest at least 80% of net assets in bonds.

Fund holdings in certain kinds of investments cannot exceed maximum percentages as set forth in this prospectus. For instance, there are also limitations regarding fund investments in certain types of derivatives. While these restrictions provide a useful level of detail about fund investments, investors should not view them as an accurate gauge of the potential risk of such investments. For example, in a given period, a 5% investment in derivatives could have significantly more of an impact on a fund’s share price than its weighting in the portfolio. The net effect of a particular investment depends on its volatility and the size of its overall return in relation to the performance of all other fund investments.

Certain investment restrictions, such as a required minimum or maximum investment in a particular type of security, are measured at the time a fund purchases a security. The status, market value, maturity, credit quality, or other characteristics of a fund’s securities may change after they are purchased, and this may cause the amount of a fund’s assets invested in such securities to exceed the stated maximum restriction or fall below the stated minimum restriction. If any of these changes occur, it would not be considered a violation of the investment restriction and will not require the sale of an investment if it was proper at the time the investment was made (this exception does not apply to a fund’s borrowing policy). However, purchases by a fund during the time it is above or below the stated percentage restriction would be made in compliance with applicable restrictions.

Changes in fund holdings, fund performance, and the contribution of various investments to fund performance are discussed in the shareholder reports.

Portfolio managers have considerable discretion in choosing investment strategies and selecting securities they believe will help achieve fund objectives.

Types of Portfolio Securities

In seeking to meet its investment objective, fund investments may be made in any type of security or instrument (including certain potentially high-risk derivatives described in this section) whose investment characteristics are consistent with its investment program. The following pages describe various types of fund holdings and investment management practices.


  

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Nondiversified Status

The fund is registered with the SEC as a nondiversified mutual fund. Therefore, the fund is able to invest more than 5% of its assets in the securities of individual foreign governments and may invest a greater portion of its assets in a single issuer than a diversified fund. Since the fund is a nondiversified investment company and is permitted to invest a greater proportion of its assets in the securities of a smaller number of issuers, the fund may be subject to greater credit risk with respect to its portfolio securities and greater volatility with respect to its share price than an investment company that is more broadly diversified.

However, the fund intends to qualify as a regulated investment company for purposes of the Internal Revenue Code. This requires the fund to limit its investments so that, at the end of each fiscal quarter, with respect to 50% of its total assets, no more than 5% of its assets is invested in the securities of a single issuer, and not more than 10% of the voting securities of any issuer are held by the fund. With respect to the remaining 50% of fund assets, no more than 25% may be invested in a single issuer.

Bonds

A bond is an interest-bearing security. The issuer has a contractual obligation to pay interest at a stated rate on specific dates and to repay principal (the bond’s face value) on a specified date. An issuer may have the right to redeem or “call” a bond before maturity, and the investor may have to reinvest the proceeds at lower market rates. Bonds can be issued by U.S. and foreign governments, states, and municipalities, as well as a wide variety of companies.

A bond’s annual interest income, set by its coupon rate, is usually fixed for the life of the bond. Its yield (income as a percent of current price) will fluctuate to reflect changes in interest rate levels. A bond’s price usually rises when interest rates fall and vice versa, so its yield generally stays consistent with current market conditions.

Conventional fixed rate bonds offer a coupon rate for a fixed maturity with no adjustment for inflation. Real rate of return bonds also offer a fixed coupon but include ongoing inflation adjustments for the life of the bond.

Bonds may be unsecured (backed by the issuer’s general creditworthiness only) or secured (also backed by specified collateral). Bonds include asset- and mortgage-backed securities.

Certain bonds have floating or variable interest rates that are adjusted periodically based on a particular index. These interest rate adjustments tend to minimize fluctuations in the bonds’ principal values. The maturity of certain floating rate securities may be shortened under certain specified conditions.

Bond investments may include Build America Bonds issued by state and local governments to finance capital expenditures for which they otherwise could issue tax-exempt governmental bonds. Unlike most other municipal obligations, interest


  

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received on Build America Bonds is taxable to the bondholder. These include bonds on which the issuer may receive an interest payment subsidy directly from the U.S. Treasury, known as direct pay Build America Bonds, and bonds on which the investor may receive a tax credit, known as tax credit Build America Bonds.

Common and Preferred Stocks

Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Generally, preferred stock has a specified dividend and ranks after bonds and before common stocks in its claim on income for dividend payments and on assets should the company be liquidated. After other claims are satisfied, common stockholders participate in company profits on a pro-rata basis; profits may be paid out in dividends or reinvested in the company to help it grow. Increases and decreases in earnings are usually reflected in a company’s stock price, so common stocks generally have the greatest appreciation and depreciation potential of all corporate securities. Unlike common stock, preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. While most preferred stocks pay a dividend, a fund may decide to purchase preferred stock where the issuer has suspended, or is in danger of suspending, payment of its dividend.

Convertible Securities and Warrants

Investments may be made in debt or preferred equity securities that are convertible into, or exchangeable for, equity securities at specified times in the future and according to a certain exchange ratio. Convertible bonds are typically callable by the issuer, which could in effect force conversion before the holder would otherwise choose. Traditionally, convertible securities have paid dividends or interest at rates higher than common stocks but lower than nonconvertible securities. They generally participate in the appreciation or depreciation of the underlying stock into which they are convertible, but to a lesser degree than common stock. Some convertible securities combine higher or lower current income with options and other features. Warrants are options to buy, directly from the issuer, a stated number of shares of common stock at a specified price anytime during the life of the warrants (generally, two or more years). Warrants have no voting rights, pay no dividends, and can be highly volatile. In some cases, the redemption value of a warrant could be zero.

Operating policy The fund may invest up to 5% of total assets in stocks, warrants, and other equity securities. Investments in convertible securities are not subject to this limit.

Foreign Securities

Investments may be made in foreign securities. These include nondollar-denominated securities traded outside of the U.S. and dollar-denominated securities of foreign issuers traded in the U.S. (such as Yankee bonds). Investing in foreign securities involves special risks that can increase the potential for losses. These include: exposure to potentially adverse local, political, social, and economic developments such as war, political instability, hyperinflation, currency devaluations, and overdependence on particular industries; government interference in markets


  

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such as nationalization and exchange controls, expropriation of assets, or imposition of punitive taxes; the imposition of international trade and capital barriers, and other protectionist or retaliatory measures; potentially lower liquidity and higher volatility; possible problems arising from accounting, disclosure, settlement, and regulatory practices and legal rights that differ from U.S. standards; and the chance that fluctuations in foreign exchange rates will decrease the investment’s value (favorable changes can increase its value). These risks are heightened for a fund’s investments in emerging markets.

Operating policy There is no limit on fund investments in securities issued by foreign issuers, although the fund’s overall net exposure to non-U.S. currencies is normally limited to 50% of net assets.

Asset-Backed Securities

An underlying pool of assets, such as credit card or automobile trade receivables or corporate loans or bonds, backs these bonds and provides the interest and principal payments to investors. On occasion, the pool of assets may also include a swap obligation, which is used to change the cash flows on the underlying assets. As an example, a swap may be used to allow floating rate assets to back a fixed rate obligation. Credit quality depends primarily on the quality of the underlying assets, the level of any credit support provided by the structure or by a third-party insurance wrap, and the credit quality of the swap counterparty. The underlying assets (i.e., loans) are sometimes subject to prepayments, which can shorten the security’s effective maturity and may lower its return. The value of these securities also may change because of actual or perceived changes in the creditworthiness of the individual borrowers, the originator, the servicing agent, the financial institution providing the credit support, or the swap counterparty.

Operating policy Fund investments in asset-backed securities (other than mortgage-backed securities) are limited to 20% of total assets.

Mortgage-Backed Securities

A fund may invest in a variety of mortgage-backed securities. Mortgage lenders pool individual home mortgages with similar characteristics to back a certificate or bond, which is sold to investors such as the fund. Interest and principal payments generated by the underlying mortgages are passed through to the investors. The “big three” issuers are the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. Government National Mortgage Association certificates are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, while others, such as the Federal National Mortgage Association and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation certificates, are only supported by the ability to borrow from the U.S. Treasury or by the credit of the agency. (Since September 2008, the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation have operated under conservatorship of


  

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the Federal Housing Finance Agency, an independent federal agency.) Private mortgage bankers and other institutions also issue mortgage-backed securities.

Mortgage-backed securities are subject to scheduled and unscheduled principal payments as homeowners pay down or prepay their mortgages. As these payments are received, they must be reinvested when interest rates may be higher or lower than on the original mortgage security. Therefore, these securities are not an effective means of locking in long-term interest rates. In addition, when interest rates fall, the rate of mortgage prepayments tends to increase. These refinanced mortgages are paid off at face value or “par,” causing a loss for any investor who may have purchased the security at a price above par. In such an environment, this risk limits the potential price appreciation of these securities and can negatively affect a fund’s net asset value. When interest rates rise, the prices of mortgage-backed securities can be expected to decline. In addition, when interest rates rise and prepayments slow, the effective duration of mortgage-backed securities extends, resulting in increased price volatility.

Operating policy Fund investments in non-agency issued mortgage-backed securities are limited to 25% of net assets.

Other types of mortgage-backed securities in which the fund may invest include:

Collateralized Mortgage Obligations Collateralized mortgage obligations are debt securities that are fully collateralized by a portfolio of mortgages or mortgage-backed securities including Government National Mortgage Association, Federal National Mortgage Association, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and non-agency-backed mortgages. All interest and principal payments from the underlying mortgages are passed through to the collateralized mortgage obligations in such a way as to create different classes with varying risk characteristics, payment structures, and maturity dates. Collateralized mortgage obligation classes may pay fixed or variable rates of interest, and certain classes have priority over others with respect to the receipt of prepayments and allocation of defaults.

Stripped Mortgage Securities Stripped mortgage securities are created by separating the interest and principal payments generated by a pool of mortgage-backed securities or a collateralized mortgage obligation to create additional classes of securities. Generally, one class receives interest-only payments and another receives principal-only payments. Unlike other mortgage-backed securities and principal-only strips, the value of interest-only strips tends to move in the same direction as interest rates. A fund can use interest-only strips as a hedge against falling prepayment rates (when interest rates are rising) and/or in an unfavorable market environment. Principal-only strips can be used as a hedge against rising prepayment rates (when interest rates are falling) and/or in a favorable market environment. Interest-only strips and principal-only strips are acutely sensitive to interest rate changes and to the rate of principal prepayments.

A rapid or unexpected increase in prepayments can severely depress the price of interest-only strips, while a rapid or unexpected decrease in prepayments could have


  

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the same effect on principal-only strips. Of course, under the opposite conditions these securities may appreciate in value. These securities can be very volatile in price and may have less liquidity than most other mortgage-backed securities. Certain non-stripped collateralized mortgage obligation classes may also exhibit these qualities, especially those that pay variable rates of interest that adjust inversely with, and more rapidly than, short-term interest rates. In addition, if interest rates rise rapidly and prepayment rates slow more than expected, certain collateralized mortgage obligation classes, in addition to losing value, can exhibit characteristics of long-term securities and become more volatile. There is no guarantee that a fund’s investments in collateralized mortgage obligations, interest-only strips, or principal-only strips will be successful, and a fund’s total return could be adversely affected as a result.

Operating policy Fund investments in stripped mortgage securities are limited to 10% of total assets.

Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities Commercial mortgage-backed securities are securities created from a pool of commercial mortgage loans, such as loans for hotels, shopping centers, office buildings, and apartment buildings. Interest and principal payments from the loans are passed on to the investor according to a schedule of payments. Credit quality depends primarily on the quality of the loans themselves and on the structure of the particular deal. Generally, deals are structured with senior and subordinate classes. The degree of subordination is determined by the rating agencies who rate the individual classes of the structure. Commercial mortgages are generally structured with prepayment penalties, which greatly reduce prepayment risk to the investor. However, the value of these securities may change because of actual or perceived changes in the creditworthiness of the individual borrowers, their tenants, the servicing agents, or the general state of commercial real estate.

Inflation-Linked Securities

Inflation-linked securities are income-generating instruments whose interest and principal payments are adjusted for inflation—a sustained increase in prices of goods and services that erodes the purchasing power of money. Treasury inflation-protected securities are inflation-linked securities issued by the U.S. government. Inflation-linked bonds are also issued by corporations, U.S. government agencies, and foreign countries. The inflation adjustment, which is typically applied monthly to the principal of the bond, follows a designated inflation index, such as the consumer price index. A fixed coupon rate is applied to the inflation-adjusted principal so that as inflation rises, both the principal value and the interest payments increase. This can provide investors with a hedge against inflation, as it helps preserve the purchasing power of your investment. Because of this inflation-adjustment feature, inflation-protected bonds typically have lower yields than conventional fixed rate bonds.


  

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Inflation-protected bonds normally will decline in price when real interest rates rise. (A real interest rate is calculated by subtracting the inflation rate from a nominal interest rate. For example, if a 10-year Treasury note is yielding 5% and inflation expectations for the next 10 years are 2%, the real interest rate is 3%.) If inflation is negative, the principal and income of an inflation-protected bond could decline and result in losses for the fund.

Loan Participations and Assignments

A fund may make investments through the purchase or execution of a privately negotiated note representing the equivalent of a loan. Larger loans to corporations or governments may be shared or syndicated among several lenders, usually banks. The fund could participate in such syndicates or could buy part of a loan, becoming a direct lender. These loans may often be obligations of companies or governments in financial distress or in default. These investments involve special types of risk, including those of being a lender, reduced liquidity, increased credit risk, and volatility.

Operating policy The fund may invest up to 20% of net assets in bank loans, including loan participations and assignments.

High Yield, High-Risk Bonds

The price and yield of lower-quality (high yield, high-risk) bonds, commonly referred to as “junk” bonds, and below investment-grade emerging market bonds, can be expected to fluctuate more than the price and yield of higher-quality bonds. Because these bonds are rated below BBB or are in default, they are regarded as predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s continuing ability to meet principal and interest payments. Successful investment in lower-medium- and low-quality bonds involves greater investment risk and is highly dependent on T. Rowe Price’s credit analysis. A real or perceived economic downturn or higher interest rates could cause a decline in high yield bond prices by lessening the ability of issuers to make principal and interest payments. These bonds are often thinly traded and can be more difficult to sell and value accurately than high-quality bonds. Because objective pricing data may be less available, judgment may play a greater role in the valuation process. In addition, the entire high yield bond market can experience sudden and sharp price swings due to a variety of factors, including changes in economic forecasts, stock market activity, large or sustained sales by major investors, a high-profile default, or just a change in the market’s psychology. This type of volatility is usually associated more with stocks than bonds, but “junk” bond investors should be prepared for it.

Operating policy The fund may invest up to 30% of its net assets in bonds, loans, and other debt instruments that are rated below investment grade.

Derivatives and Leverage

A derivative is a financial instrument whose value is derived from an underlying security, such as a stock or bond, or from a market benchmar