10-Q 1 d571735d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended 30 June 2013

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 1-4534

AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware   23-1274455
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
7201 Hamilton Boulevard, Allentown, Pennsylvania   18195-1501
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

610-481-4911

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Not Applicable

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    ü   No       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes    ü   No       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ü     Accelerated filer          Non-accelerated filer          Smaller reporting company       
  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES        NO   ü  

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

      

Outstanding at 30 June 2013

Common Stock, $1 par value      209,645,754


Table of Contents

AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

INDEX

 

         Page No.  
PART I.  

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

  

Consolidated Income Statements – Three and Nine Months Ended 30 June 2013 and 2012

     3   

Consolidated Comprehensive Income Statements – Three and Nine Months Ended 30 June 2013 and 2012

     4   

Consolidated Balance Sheets – 30 June 2013 and 30 September 2012

     5   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Nine Months Ended 30 June 2013 and 2012

     6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     26   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     44   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     44   
PART II.  

OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     45   

Signatures

     46   

Exhibit Index

     47   

 

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AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
     Nine Months Ended
30 June
(Millions of dollars, except for share data)      2013      2012      2013      2012

Sales

       $ 2,547.3          $ 2,340.1          $ 7,593.9          $ 7,005.9  

Cost of sales

         1,875.5            1,690.8            5,589.2            5,128.9  

Selling and administrative

         271.3            230.4            806.1            698.8  

Research and development

         33.5            32.5            99.1            90.3  

Business restructuring and cost reduction plans

         —              —              —              86.8  

Gain on previously held equity interest

         —              85.9            —              85.9  

Other income, net

         16.1            10.5            45.7            37.5  

Operating Income

         383.1            482.8            1,145.2            1,124.5  

Equity affiliates’ income

         44.2            41.7            125.4            114.3  

Interest expense

         35.4            26.0            106.4            84.8  

Income from Continuing Operations before Taxes

         391.9            498.5            1,164.2            1,154.0  

Income tax provision

         94.1            133.3            282.1            269.5  

Income from Continuing Operations

         297.8            365.2            882.1            884.5  

Income from Discontinued Operations, net of tax

         .6            127.3            3.1            166.5  

Net Income

         298.4            492.5            885.2            1,051.0  

Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

         10.0            8.0            28.1            22.4  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 288.4          $ 484.5          $ 857.1          $ 1,028.6  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 287.8          $ 357.2          $ 854.0          $ 862.1  

Income from discontinued operations

         .6            127.3            3.1            166.5  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 288.4          $ 484.5          $ 857.1          $ 1,028.6  

Basic Earnings Per Common Share Attributable to Air Products

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 1.38          $ 1.69          $ 4.08          $ 4.08  

Income from discontinued operations

         —              .60            .02            .79  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 1.38          $ 2.29          $ 4.10          $ 4.87  

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share Attributable to Air Products

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 1.36          $ 1.66          $ 4.03          $ 4.02  

Income from discontinued operations

         —              .60            .01            .77  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 1.36          $ 2.26          $ 4.04          $ 4.79  

Weighted Average Common Shares – Basic (in millions)

         209.4            211.5            209.3            211.0  

Weighted Average Common Shares – Diluted (in millions)

         211.9            214.7            211.9            214.6  

Dividends Declared Per Common Share – Cash

       $ .71          $ .64          $ 2.06          $ 1.86  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
(Millions of dollars)      2013    2012

Net Income

       $ 298.4        $ 492.5  

Other Comprehensive Income, net of tax:

           

Translation adjustments, net of tax of ($6.8) and $22.8

         (99.8 )        (150.6 )

Net gain (loss) on derivatives, net of tax of $5.5 and ($4.6)

         12.0          (3.7 )

Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax of $3.5

         5.8          —    

Reclassification adjustments:

           

Currency translation adjustment

         (.6 )        13.3  

Derivatives, net of tax of ($.1) and ($.2)

         (2.1 )        (2.2 )

Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax of $14.6 and $8.8

         27.1          16.1  

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

         (57.6 )        (127.1 )

Comprehensive Income

         240.8          365.4  

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

         10.0          8.0  

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

         (1.4 )        (1.4 )

Comprehensive Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 232.2        $ 358.8  
       Nine Months Ended
30 June
(Millions of dollars)      2013    2012

Net Income

       $ 885.2        $ 1,051.0  

Other Comprehensive Income, net of tax:

           

Translation adjustments, net of tax of ($7.1) and $18.8

         (184.2 )        (54.9 )

Net gain (loss) on derivatives, net of tax of $10.9 and ($6.9)

         25.5          (14.1 )

Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax of $3.5

         5.8          —    

Reclassification adjustments:

           

Currency translation adjustment

         (.6 )        13.3  

Derivatives, net of tax of ($2.3) and $4.2

         (9.8 )        9.8  

Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax of $40.4 and $26.6

         75.7          48.2  

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

         (87.6 )        2.3  

Comprehensive Income

         797.6          1,053.3  

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

         28.1          22.4  

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

         (3.1 )        2.7  

Comprehensive Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 772.6        $ 1,028.2  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

(Millions of dollars, except for share data)      30 June
2013
   30 September
2012

Assets

                       

Current Assets

           

Cash and cash items

       $ 418.8        $ 454.4  

Trade receivables, net

         1,616.0          1,544.7  

Inventories

         705.9          786.6  

Contracts in progress, less progress billings

         166.2          190.8  

Prepaid expenses

         137.1          81.7  

Other receivables and current assets

         428.3          342.0  

Current assets of discontinued operations

         8.4          15.6  

Total Current Assets

         3,480.7          3,415.8  

Investment in net assets of and advances to equity affiliates

         1,203.3          1,175.7  

Plant and equipment, at cost

         18,867.7          18,046.2  

Less: accumulated depreciation

         10,202.0          9,805.6  

Plant and equipment, net

         8,665.7          8,240.6  

Goodwill

         1,615.1          1,598.4  

Intangible assets, net

         716.9          761.6  

Noncurrent capital lease receivables

         1,441.9          1,328.9  

Other noncurrent assets

         348.3          393.6  

Noncurrent assets of discontinued operations

         19.4          27.2  

Total Noncurrent Assets

         14,010.6          13,526.0  

Total Assets

       $ 17,491.3        $ 16,941.8  

Liabilities and Equity

                       

Current Liabilities

           

Payables and accrued liabilities

       $ 1,811.0        $ 1,927.7  

Accrued income taxes

         61.5          48.5  

Short-term borrowings

         1,406.0          633.4  

Current portion of long-term debt

         76.1          74.3  

Current liabilities of discontinued operations

         3.1          6.0  

Total Current Liabilities

         3,357.7          2,689.9  

Long-term debt

         4,648.2          4,584.2  

Other noncurrent liabilities

         1,707.5          1,980.9  

Deferred income taxes

         714.7          670.8  

Noncurrent liabilities of discontinued operations

         —            .2  

Total Noncurrent Liabilities

         7,070.4          7,236.1  

Total Liabilities

         10,428.1          9,926.0  

Commitments and Contingencies – See Note 11

           

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

         371.8          392.5  

Air Products Shareholders’ Equity

           

Common stock (par value $1 per share; issued 2013 and 2012 – 249,455,584 shares)

         249.4          249.4  

Capital in excess of par value

         802.5          810.5  

Retained earnings

         9,660.1          9,234.5  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

         (1,433.3 )        (1,348.8 )

Treasury stock, at cost (2013 – 39,809,830 shares; 2012 – 36,979,704 shares)

         (2,737.9 )        (2,468.4 )

Total Air Products Shareholders’ Equity

         6,540.8          6,477.2  

Noncontrolling Interests

         150.6          146.1  

Total Equity

         6,691.4          6,623.3  

Total Liabilities and Equity

       $ 17,491.3        $ 16,941.8  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

      

Nine Months Ended

30 June

(Millions of dollars)      2013    2012

Operating Activities

           

Net Income

       $ 885.2        $ 1,051.0  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

         28.1          22.4  

Net income attributable to Air Products

         857.1          1,028.6  

Income from discontinued operations

         (3.1 )        (166.5 )

Income from continuing operations attributable to Air Products

         854.0          862.1  

Adjustments to reconcile income to cash provided by operating activities:

           

Depreciation and amortization

         674.4          620.5  

Deferred income taxes

         8.4          113.1  

Benefit from Spanish tax ruling

         —            (58.3 )

Gain on previously held equity interest

         —            (85.9 )

Undistributed earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

         (47.6 )        (42.8 )

Share-based compensation

         33.0          36.2  

Noncurrent capital lease receivables

         (124.2 )        (204.1 )

Other adjustments

         161.7          74.4  

Working capital changes that provided (used) cash, excluding effects of acquisitions and divestitures:

           

Trade receivables

         (88.9 )        (71.9 )

Inventories

         68.5          (18.8 )

Contracts in progress, less progress billings

         (3.9 )        (16.7 )

Other receivables

         (65.9 )        8.6  

Payables and accrued liabilities

         (139.8 )        30.0  

Other working capital

         (19.9 )        29.8  

Pension plan contributions

         (258.6 )        (31.6 )

Cash Provided by Operating Activities

         1,051.2          1,244.6  

Investing Activities

           

Additions to plant and equipment

         (1,115.4 )        (1,166.5 )

Acquisitions, less cash acquired

         (125.6 )        (173.8 )

Investment in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates

         .2          (175.4 )

Proceeds from sale of assets and investments

         25.4          13.5  

Change in restricted cash

         —            60.9  

Other investing activities

         (2.8 )        —    

Cash Used for Investing Activities

         (1,218.2 )        (1,441.3 )

Financing Activities

           

Long-term debt proceeds

         522.1          409.6  

Payments on long-term debt

         (415.7 )        (477.6 )

Net increase (decrease) in commercial paper and short-term borrowings

         780.8          (171.5 )

Dividends paid to shareholders

         (416.8 )        (379.4 )

Purchase of treasury shares

         (461.6 )        (53.1 )

Proceeds from stock option exercises

         133.1          88.7  

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

         24.6          20.2  

Payment for subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interests

         (12.6 )        (58.4 )

Other financing activities

         (28.8 )        (16.1 )

Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities

         125.1          (637.6 )

Discontinued Operations

           

Cash provided by operating activities

         13.3          32.1  

Cash (used for) provided by investing activities

         (1.2 )        766.4  

Cash provided by financing activities

         —            —    

Cash Provided by Discontinued Operations

         12.1          798.5  

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash

         (5.8 )        (25.5 )

Decrease in Cash and Cash Items

         (35.6 )        (61.3 )

Cash and Cash Items – Beginning of Year

         454.4          422.5  

Cash and Cash Items – End of Period

       $ 418.8        $ 361.2  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

 

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AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Millions of dollars unless otherwise indicated, except for share data)

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND MAJOR ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Refer to our 2012 Form 10-K for a description of major accounting policies. There have been no material changes to these accounting policies during the first nine months of fiscal year 2013.

The consolidated financial statements of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“we”, “our”, “us”, the “Company”, “Air Products”, or “registrant”) included herein have been prepared by us, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In our opinion, the accompanying statements reflect adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for those periods indicated, and contain adequate disclosure to make the information presented not misleading. Adjustments included herein are of a normal, recurring nature unless otherwise disclosed in the Notes. The interim results for the periods indicated herein, however, do not reflect certain adjustments, such as the valuation of inventories on the LIFO cost basis, which are only finally determined on an annual basis. The consolidated financial statements and related Notes included herein should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and Notes thereto included in our latest Form 10-K in order to fully understand the basis of presentation. Results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for a full year.

 

2. NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

Accounting Guidance Implemented in 2013

Goodwill Impairment

In September 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued authoritative guidance that amends previous guidance related to the manner in which entities test goodwill for impairment. The new guidance provides an entity the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If it is determined to be more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, entities must perform the quantitative analysis of the goodwill impairment test. Otherwise, the quantitative test is optional. This guidance is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed this fiscal year. The implementation of this guidance does not impact our consolidated financial statements.

Indefinite-lived Intangible Asset Impairment

In July 2012, the FASB amended the guidance on indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment testing to allow companies the option to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived asset is less than its carrying amount. If it is determined to be more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived asset is less than its carrying amount, entities must perform the quantitative analysis of the asset impairment test. Otherwise, the quantitative test is optional. The guidance is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed this fiscal year. The implementation of this guidance does not impact our consolidated financial statements.

New Accounting Guidance to be Implemented

Amounts Reclassified out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

In February 2013, the FASB issued disclosure guidance to improve the transparency of items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income to net income. The guidance requires an entity to present, in a single location, information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income, by component, including the income statement line items affected by the reclassification. This guidance will be effective for us beginning in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2014, with early adoption permitted. This guidance requires additional disclosure and will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

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Cumulative Translation Adjustment

In March 2013, the FASB issued an update to clarify existing guidance for the release of cumulative translation adjustments into net income when a parent sells all or a part of its investment in a foreign entity or achieves a business combination of a foreign entity in stages. This guidance will be applied prospectively and is effective for us beginning in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2015, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Fed Funds Effective Swap Rate

In July 2013, the FASB issued an update permitting the use of the Fed Funds Effective Swap Rate (OIS) as an acceptable benchmark interest rate for hedge accounting purposes in addition to U.S. Treasury rates and the LIBOR swap rate. This guidance was effective upon issuance and should be applied prospectively for qualifying new or redesignated hedging relationships entered into. This guidance will not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Unrecognized Tax Benefits

In July 2013, the FASB issued guidance to require standard presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when a carryforward related to net operating losses or tax credits exist. This guidance will be applied prospectively and is effective for us beginning in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2015, with early adoption permitted. The guidance will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

3. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

In the third quarter of 2012, we sold the majority of our Homecare business to The Linde Group for total sale proceeds of €590 million ($777) and recognized a gain of $207.4 ($150.3 after-tax, or $.70 per share). For additional information on this transaction, refer to Note 3, Discontinued Operations, in our 2012 Form 10-K.

We are actively marketing the remaining portion of the Homecare business, which is primarily in the United Kingdom and Ireland. We expect to close on the sale of this business by the end of fiscal year 2013. In the third quarter of 2012, an impairment charge of $33.5 ($29.5 after-tax, or $.14 per share) was recorded to write down the remaining business to its estimated net realizable value. Additional charges may be recorded in future periods dependent upon the timing and method of ultimate disposition.

The Homecare business, which had been previously reported as part of the Merchant Gases business segment, has been accounted for as a discontinued operation. The results of operations and cash flows of this business have been reclassified from the results of continuing operations for all periods presented. The assets and liabilities of discontinued operations have been reclassified and are segregated in the consolidated balance sheets.

The results of discontinued operations are summarized below:

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
     Nine Months Ended
30 June
        2013    2012      2013      2012

Sales

       $ 12.7        $ 45.0          $ 40.0          $ 242.0  

Income before taxes

       $ .5        $ 10.2          $ 3.3          $ 66.3  

Income tax provision

         (.1 )        3.7            .2            20.6  

Income from operations of discontinued operations

         .6          6.5            3.1            45.7  

Gain on sale of business and impairment/write-down, net of tax

         —            120.8            —              120.8  

Income from Discontinued Operations, net of tax

       $ .6        $ 127.3          $ 3.1          $ 166.5  

 

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Assets and liabilities of discontinued operations consist of the following:

 

        30 June
2013
     30 September
2012

Trade receivables, net

       $ 7.8          $ 15.0  

Inventories

         .3            .5  

Other current assets

         .3            .1  

Total Current Assets

       $ 8.4          $ 15.6  

Plant and equipment, net

       $ 19.4          $ 27.2  

Total Noncurrent Assets

       $ 19.4          $ 27.2  

Payables and accrued liabilities

       $ 3.1          $ 6.0  

Total Current Liabilities

       $ 3.1          $ 6.0  

Other noncurrent liabilities

       $ —            $ .2  

Total Noncurrent Liabilities

       $ —            $ .2  

 

4. BUSINESS RESTRUCTURING AND COST REDUCTION PLANS

In 2012, we recorded an expense of $327.4 ($222.4 after-tax, or $1.03 per share) for business restructuring and cost reduction plans in our Polyurethane Intermediates, Electronics, and European Merchant businesses.

During the second quarter of 2012, we recorded an expense of $86.8 ($60.6 after-tax, or $.28 per share) for actions to remove stranded costs resulting from our decision to exit the Homecare business, the reorganization of the Merchant business, and actions to right-size our European cost structure in light of the challenging economic outlook. This charge is reflected on the consolidated income statements as “Business restructuring and cost reduction plans.” The planned actions are substantially complete.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, we took actions to exit the Polyurethane Intermediates (PUI) business to improve costs, resulting in a net expense of $54.6 ($34.8 after-tax, or $.16 per share). We sold certain assets and the rights to a supply contract for $32.7 in cash at closing. In connection with these actions, we recognized an expense of $26.6, for the net book value of assets sold and those committed to be disposed of other than by sale. The remaining charge was primarily related to contract terminations and an environmental liability. Our PUI production facility in Pasadena, Texas is currently being dismantled, with completion expected in fiscal year 2014. The costs to dismantle are expensed as incurred and reflected in continuing operations in the Tonnage Gases business segment.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, we completed an assessment of our position in the photovoltaic (PV) market, resulting in $186.0 of expense ($127.0 after-tax, or $.59 per share) primarily related to the Electronics and Performance Materials segment. Air Products supplies the PV market with both bulk and onsite supply of gases, including silane. The PV market has not developed as expected, and as a result, the market capacity to produce silane is expected to exceed demand for the foreseeable future. As a result, we recorded a charge of $93.5 for an offer that we made to terminate a long term take-or-pay silane contract. Although any settlement could differ from this amount, we do not expect it to be material to our financial position. It is uncertain when a settlement will be reached.

These charges relate only to past actions and do not reflect our position on any future actions.

 

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The following table summarizes the carrying amount of the accrual for the plans at 30 June 2013:

 

        Severance and
Other Benefits
   Asset
Actions
   Contract
Actions
   Other
Costs
   Total

Second quarter charge – Cost reduction plan

       $ 80.8        $ 6.0        $ —          $ —          $ 86.8  

Fourth quarter charge – PUI business actions (A)

         2.7          26.6          6.5          18.8          54.6  

Fourth quarter charge – PV market actions (B)

         —            34.7          93.5          57.8          186.0  

2012 Charge

       $ 83.5        $ 67.3        $ 100.0        $ 76.6        $ 327.4  

Amount reflected in environmental liability (C)

         —            —            —            (9.0 )        (9.0 )

Amount reflected in pension liability

         (7.5 )        —            —            —            (7.5 )

Noncash expenses

         (.4 )        (67.3 )        —            (19.3 )        (87.0 )

Cash expenditures

         (32.8 )        —            —            (.1 )        (32.9 )

Currency translation adjustment

         (1.6 )        —            —            —            (1.6 )

30 September 2012

       $ 41.2        $ —          $ 100.0        $ 48.2        $ 189.4  

Cash expenditures

         (39.2 )        —            (3.3 )        (11.9 )        (54.4 )

Currency translation adjustment

         .3          —            —            —            .3  

Accrued Balance

       $ 2.3        $ —          $ 96.7        $ 36.3        $ 135.3  

 

(A)

Charge is net of $32.7 in proceeds received in cash at closing for certain PUI assets and the rights to a supply contract.

(B)

Other includes the write-down of inventory to its net realizable value, the write-down of accounts receivable, and expected losses on purchase commitments.

(C)

Reflected in accrual for environmental obligations. See Note 11, Commitments and Contingencies.

 

5. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

2013 Business Combinations

On 31 May 2013, we acquired EPCO Carbondioxide Products, Inc. (EPCO), the largest independent U.S. producer of liquid carbon dioxide (CO2). This acquisition expands our North American offerings of bulk industrial process gases. In addition, we acquired Wuxi Chem-Gas Company, Ltd. (WCG) on 1 April 2013. This acquisition provides us with additional gases presence in the Jiangsu Province of China. The acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations, and their results of operations were consolidated within the Merchant Gases business segment after the acquisition dates. The aggregate purchase price, net of cash acquired, for these acquisitions was $134, and resulted in recognition of $67 of goodwill.

2012 Business Combinations

Indura S.A.

In July 2012, we acquired a 64.8% controlling equity interest in the outstanding shares of Indura S.A. We paid cash consideration in Chilean pesos (CLP) of 345.5 billion ($690) and assumed debt of CLP113.8 billion ($227) for these interests. Prior to the acquisition, Indura S.A. was the largest independent industrial gas company in South America. Indura S.A.’s integrated gas and retail business comprises packaged gases and hardgoods, liquid bulk, healthcare, and on-sites.

Under the purchase agreement, the largest minority shareholder has a right to exercise a put option to require Air Products to purchase up to a 30.5% equity interest during the two-year period beginning on 1 July 2015, at a redemption value equal to fair market value (subject to a minimum price based upon the acquisition date value escalated by an inflation factor). Under the agreement, we also had an obligation to purchase 2.0% of the remaining shares of Indura S.A. During the third quarter of 2013, we purchased these shares for CLP5.5 billion ($11).

The acquisition of Indura S.A. was accounted for as a business combination. Following the acquisition date, 100% of the Indura S.A. results were consolidated in our Merchant Gases business segment. The portion of the business that is not owned by the Company is recorded as noncontrolling interests.

 

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The following table summarizes the fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition of Indura S.A. and the resulting goodwill as of the acquisition date.

 

Allocation of Purchase Price

            

Trade receivables, net

       $ 131.2  

Inventories

         103.5  

Other current assets and (liabilities) (A)

         (67.5 )

Plant and equipment

         397.2  

Intangible assets

         382.1  

Current portion of long-term debt and short-term borrowings

         (70.8 )

Long-term debt

         (279.8 )

Deferred income taxes

         (131.3 )

Other noncurrent assets and (liabilities)

         (12.3 )

Fair Value of Identifiable Net Assets Acquired

       $ 452.3  

Goodwill

         626.2  

Noncontrolling interests (including redeemable noncontrolling interest)

         (388.9 )

Total

       $ 689.6  

 

(A) 

Includes cash and cash items, prepaid expenses, other current assets, payables and accrued liabilities, and other current liabilities.

The noncontrolling interests of Indura S.A., including redeemable noncontrolling interest, were recorded on the acquisition date at fair value. Refer to Note 14, Noncontrolling Interests, for additional information.

DA NanoMaterials LLC

On 2 April 2012, we acquired E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co. Inc.’s 50% interest in our joint venture, DuPont Air Products NanoMaterials LLC (DA NanoMaterials) for $158 ($147 net of cash acquired of $11). The transaction was accounted for as a business combination and beginning in the third quarter of 2012, the results of DA NanoMaterials were consolidated within our Electronics and Performance Materials business segment.

Prior to the acquisition, we accounted for our 50% interest in DA NanoMaterials as an equity-method investment. The three and nine months ended 30 June 2012 include a gain of $85.9 ($54.6 after-tax, or $.25 per share) as a result of revaluing our previously held equity interest to fair value as of the acquisition date. This gain is reflected on the consolidated income statements as “Gain on previously held equity interest.”

For additional information regarding the Indura S.A. and DA NanoMaterials acquisitions, refer to Note 5, Business Combinations, in our 2012 Form 10-K.

 

6. INVENTORIES

The components of inventories are as follows:

 

        30 June
2013
   30 September
2012

Finished goods

       $ 530.8        $ 617.9  

Work in process

         35.5          36.7  

Raw materials, supplies and other

         234.4          220.0  
         800.7          874.6  

Less: Excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost

         (94.8 )        (88.0 )
         $ 705.9        $ 786.6  

FIFO cost approximates replacement cost. Our inventories have a high turnover, and as a result, there is little difference between the original cost of an item and its current replacement cost.

 

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7. GOODWILL

Changes to the carrying amount of consolidated goodwill by segment for the nine months ended 30 June 2013 are as follows:

 

        30 September
2012
     Acquisitions and
Adjustments
    

Currency
Translation

and Other

   30 June
2013

Merchant Gases

       $ 1,138.6          $ 72.0          $ (46.7 )      $ 1,163.9  

Tonnage Gases

         14.7            —              (.5 )        14.2  

Electronics and Performance Materials

         445.1            2.0            (10.1 )        437.0  
         $ 1,598.4          $ 74.0          $ (57.3 )      $ 1,615.1  

The Merchant Gases segment goodwill increased primarily due to the acquisitions of EPCO and WCG during the third quarter of 2013. Refer to Note 5, Business Combinations, for further details on these acquisitions. Goodwill is subject to impairment testing at least annually. In addition, goodwill is tested more frequently if a change in circumstances or the occurrence of events indicates that potential impairment exists.

 

8. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Currency Price Risk Management

Our earnings, cash flows, and financial position are exposed to foreign currency risk from foreign currency denominated transactions and net investments in foreign operations. It is our policy to minimize our cash flow volatility from changes in currency exchange rates. This is accomplished by identifying and evaluating the risk that our cash flows will change in value due to changes in exchange rates and by executing the appropriate strategies necessary to manage such exposures. Our objective is to maintain economically balanced currency risk management strategies that provide adequate downside protection.

Forward Exchange Contracts

We enter into forward exchange contracts to reduce the cash flow exposure to foreign currency fluctuations associated with highly anticipated cash flows and certain firm commitments such as the purchase of plant and equipment. The maximum remaining term of any forward exchange contract currently outstanding and designated as a cash flow hedge at 30 June 2013 is 2.7 years. Forward exchange contracts are also used to hedge the value of investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and affiliates by creating a liability in a currency in which we have a net equity position. The primary currency pair in this portfolio of forward exchange contracts is the Euro/U.S. dollar.

In addition to the forward exchange contracts that are designated as hedges, we utilize forward exchange contracts that are not designated as hedges. These contracts are used to economically hedge foreign currency-denominated monetary assets and liabilities, primarily working capital. The primary objective of these forward exchange contracts is to protect the value of foreign currency-denominated monetary assets and liabilities from the effects of volatility in foreign exchange rates that might occur prior to their receipt or settlement. This portfolio of forward exchange contracts comprises many different foreign currency pairs, with a profile that changes from time to time depending on business activity and sourcing decisions.

The table below summarizes our outstanding currency price risk management instruments:

 

       30 June 2013             30 September 2012
        US$
Notional
     Years
Average
Maturity
             US$
Notional
     Years
Average
Maturity

Forward exchange contracts:

                                

Cash flow hedges

       $ 1,685.0            .5               $ 1,348.8            .6  

Net investment hedges

         803.5            1.7                 779.2            2.5  

Not designated

         325.7            .1                   477.7            .1  

Total Forward Exchange Contracts

       $ 2,814.2            .8                 $ 2,605.7            1.0  

 

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In addition to the above, we use foreign currency-denominated debt to hedge the foreign currency exposures of our net investment in certain foreign subsidiaries. The designated foreign currency denominated debt at 30 June 2013 included €894.6 million ($1,163.9) and 30 September 2012 included €888.2 million ($1,142.2).

Debt Portfolio Management

It is our policy to identify on a continuing basis the need for debt capital and evaluate the financial risks inherent in funding the Company with debt capital. Reflecting the result of this ongoing review, the debt portfolio and hedging program are managed with the objectives and intent to (1) reduce funding risk with respect to borrowings made by us to preserve our access to debt capital and provide debt capital as required for funding and liquidity purposes, and (2) manage the aggregate interest rate risk and the debt portfolio in accordance with certain debt management parameters.

Interest Rate Management Contracts

We enter into interest rate swaps to change the fixed/variable interest rate mix of our debt portfolio in order to maintain the percentage of fixed- and variable-rate debt within the parameters set by management. In accordance with these parameters, the agreements are used to manage interest rate risks and costs inherent in our debt portfolio. Our interest rate management portfolio generally consists of fixed to floating interest rate swaps (which are designated as fair value hedges), pre-issuance interest rate swaps and treasury locks (which hedge the interest rate risk associated with anticipated fixed-rate debt issuances and are designated as cash flow hedges), and floating to fixed interest rate swaps (which are designated as cash flow hedges). At 30 June 2013, outstanding interest rate swaps were denominated in U.S. dollars, Euros, and Chilean Pesos. The maximum remaining term of any interest rate swap designated as a cash flow hedge is 1.6 years. The notional amount of the interest rate swap agreements are equal to or less than the designated debt being hedged. When interest rate swaps are used to hedge variable-rate debt, the indices of the swaps and the debt to which they are designated are the same. It is our policy not to enter into any interest rate management contracts which lever a move in interest rates on a greater than one-to-one basis.

Cross Currency Interest Rate Swap Contracts

We enter into cross currency interest rate swap contracts when our risk management function deems necessary. These contracts may entail both the exchange of fixed- and floating-rate interest payments periodically over the life of the agreement and the exchange of one currency for another currency at inception and at a specified future date. These contracts effectively convert the currency denomination of a debt instrument into another currency in which we have a net equity position while changing the interest rate characteristics of the instrument. The contracts are used to hedge either certain net investments in foreign operations or non-functional currency cash flows related to intercompany loans. The current cross currency interest rate swap portfolio consists of fixed-to-fixed swaps between U.S. dollars and Chilean Pesos, U.S. dollars and offshore Chinese Renminbi, as well as U.S. dollars and British Pound Sterling.

The following table summarizes our outstanding interest rate management contracts and cross currency interest rate swaps:

 

     30 June 2013         30 September 2012
      US$
Notional
   Average
Pay %
  Average
Receive
%
  Years
Average
Maturity
         US$
Notional
   Average
Pay %
  Average
Receive
%
   Years
Average
Maturity

Interest rate swaps
(fair value hedge)

     $ 300.0          LIBOR         3.61 %       6.2             $ 450.0          LIBOR         3.23%           4.7  

Cross currency interest rate swaps
(net investment hedge)

     $ 243.5          3.95 %       .96 %       2.5             $ 243.5          3.95 %       .96%           3.2  

Interest rate swaps
(cash flow hedge)

     $ 443.1          1.87 %       Various         .4             $ 452.8          2.75 %       Various          .6  

Cross currency interest rate swaps
(cash flow hedge)

     $ 144.7          3.54 %       2.31 %       4.7             $ —            —           —            —    

 

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The table below summarizes the fair value and balance sheet location of our outstanding derivatives:

 

      Balance Sheet
Location
   30 June
2013
   30 September
2012
   Balance Sheet
Location
   30 June
2013
   30 September
2012

Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments:

                         

Forward exchange contracts

   Other receivables      $ 46.5        $ 12.7      Accrued liabilities      $ 14.1        $ 17.0  

Interest rate management contracts

   Other receivables        12.8          1.1      Accrued liabilities        1.3          15.6  

Forward exchange contracts

   Other noncurrent
assets
       39.9          64.3      Other noncurrent
liabilities
       .9          2.5  

Interest rate management contracts

   Other noncurrent
assets
       32.2          48.6      Other noncurrent
liabilities
       3.4          9.5  

Total Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments

          $ 131.4        $ 126.7             $ 19.7        $ 44.6  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:

                         

Forward exchange contracts

   Other receivables      $ .7        $ .9      Accrued liabilities      $ 1.9        $ 2.2  

Total Derivatives

          $ 132.1        $ 127.6             $ 21.6        $ 46.8  

Refer to Note 9, Fair Value Measurements, which defines fair value, describes the method for measuring fair value, and provides additional disclosures regarding fair value measurements.

The table below summarizes the gain or loss related to our cash flow hedges, fair value hedges, net investment hedges, and derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

 

    Three Months Ended 30 June
    Forward
Exchange Contracts
  Foreign Currency
Debt
  Other (A)   Total
     2013   2012   2013   2012   2013   2012   2013   2012

Cash Flow Hedges, net of tax:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in OCI
(effective portion)

    $ 5.9       $ 4.7       $ —         $ —         $ 6.1       $ (8.4 )     $ 12.0       $ (3.7 )

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to sales/cost of sales (effective portion)

      —           .2         —           —           —           —           —           .2  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to other income, net (effective portion)

      (4.4 )       (2.8 )       —           —           1.9         —           (2.5 )       (2.8 )

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to interest expense (effective portion)

           .2         —           —           —           .2         .4         .4              .4  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to other income, net (ineffective portion)

      —           —           —           —           —           —           —           —    

Fair Value Hedges:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in interest expense (B)

    $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ (13.0 )     $ 8.2       $ (13.0 )     $ 8.2  

Net Investment Hedges, net of tax:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in OCI

    $ (4.9 )     $  29.4       $ (8.6 )     $ 29.3       $ 6.0       $ .4       $ (7.5 )     $ 59.1  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:

  

                           

Net gain (loss) recognized in other income, net (C)

    $ (2.1 )     $ (1.8 )     $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ (2.1 )     $ (1.8 )

 

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Table of Contents
    Nine Months Ended 30 June
    Forward
Exchange Contracts
  Foreign Currency
Debt
  Other (A)   Total
     2013   2012   2013   2012   2013   2012   2013   2012

Cash Flow Hedges, net of tax:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in OCI
(effective portion)

    $ 13.6       $ (10.6 )     $ —         $ —         $ 11.9       $ (3.5 )     $ 25.5       $ (14.1 )

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to sales/cost of sales (effective portion)

      .7         .7         —           —           —           —           .7         .7  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to other income, net (effective portion)

      (12.7 )       7.5         —           —           1.9         —           (10.8 )       7.5  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to interest expense (effective portion)

      (.8 )       .4         —           —           .8         1.0         —           1.4  

Net (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to other income, net (ineffective portion)

      .3         .2         —           —           —           —           .3         .2  

Fair Value Hedges:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in interest expense (B)

    $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ (20.0 )     $ 3.3       $ (20.0 )     $ 3.3  

Net Investment Hedges, net of tax:

                               

Net gain (loss) recognized in OCI

    $ (4.7 )     $ 22.4       $ (9.1 )     $ 32.3       $ 3.7       $ (.1 )     $ (10.1 )     $ 54.6  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments:

  

                           

Net gain (loss) recognized in other income, net (C)

    $ (2.9 )     $ (3.0 )     $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ (2.9 )     $ (3.0 )

 

(A)

Other includes the impact on other comprehensive income (OCI) and earnings primarily related to interest rate and cross currency interest rate swaps.

(B)

The impact of fair value hedges noted above was largely offset by gains and losses resulting from the impact of changes in related interest rates on recognized outstanding debt.

(C)

The impact of the non-designated hedges noted above was largely offset by gains and losses, respectively, resulting from the

impact of changes in exchange rates on recognized assets and liabilities denominated in nonfunctional currencies.

The amount of cash flow hedges’ unrealized gains and losses at 30 June 2013 that are expected to be reclassified to earnings in the next twelve months are not material.

The cash flows related to all derivative contracts are reported in the operating activities section of the consolidated statements of cash flows.

Credit Risk-Related Contingent Features

Certain derivative instruments are executed under agreements that require us to maintain a minimum credit rating with both Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s. If our credit rating falls below this threshold, the counterparty to the derivative instruments has the right to request full collateralization on the derivatives’ net liability position. The net liability position of derivatives with credit risk-related contingent features was $5.8 as of 30 June 2013 and $13.8 as of 30 September 2012. Because our current credit rating is above the various pre-established thresholds, no collateral has been posted on these liability positions.

Counterparty Credit Risk Management

We execute all financial derivative transactions with counterparties that are highly rated financial institutions, all of which are investment grade at this time. Some of our underlying derivative agreements give us the right to require the institution to post collateral if its credit rating falls below the pre-established thresholds with Standard & Poor’s or Moody’s. These are the same agreements referenced in Credit Risk-Related Contingent Features above. The collateral that the counterparties would be required to post was $89.2 as of 30 June 2013 and $90.1 as of 30 September 2012. No financial institution is required to post collateral at this time, as all have credit ratings at or above the threshold.

 

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9. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as an exit price (i.e., the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date). The methods and assumptions used to measure the fair value of financial instruments are as follows:

Derivatives

The fair value of our interest rate management contracts and forward exchange contracts are quantified using the income approach and are based on estimates using standard pricing models. These models take into account the value of future cash flows as of the balance sheet date, discounted to a present value using discount factors that match both the time to maturity and currency of the underlying instruments. The computation of the fair values of these instruments is generally performed by the Company. These standard pricing models utilize inputs which are derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as interest rate yield curves and currency spot and forward rates. In addition, on an ongoing basis, we randomly test a subset of our valuations against valuations received from the transaction’s counterparty to validate the accuracy of our standard pricing models. Counterparties to these derivative contracts are highly rated financial institutions.

Refer to Note 8, Financial Instruments, for a description of derivative instruments, including details on the balance sheet line classifications.

Long-term Debt

The fair value of our debt is based on estimates using standard pricing models that take into account the value of future cash flows as of the balance sheet date, discounted to a present value using discount factors that match both the time to maturity and currency of the underlying instruments. These standard valuation models utilize observable market data such as interest rate yield curves and currency spot rates. Therefore, the fair value of our debt is classified as a level 2 measurement. We generally perform the computation of the fair value of these instruments.

The carrying values and fair values of financial instruments were as follows:

 

       30 June 2013             30 September 2012
        Carrying Value      Fair Value              Carrying Value      Fair Value

Assets

                                

Derivatives

                                

Forward exchange contracts

       $ 87.1          $ 87.1               $ 77.9          $ 77.9  

Interest rate management contracts

         45.0            45.0                   49.7            49.7  

Liabilities

                                

Derivatives

                                

Forward exchange contracts

       $ 16.9          $ 16.9               $ 21.7          $ 21.7  

Interest rate management contracts

         4.7            4.7                 25.1            25.1  

Long-term debt, including current portion

         4,724.3            4,949.9                   4,658.5            5,005.9  

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash items, trade receivables, payables and accrued liabilities, accrued income taxes, and short-term borrowings approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. Accordingly, these items have been excluded from the above table.

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels as follows:

 

Level 1     Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2     Inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3     Inputs that are unobservable for the asset or liability based on our own assumptions (about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability).

 

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The following table summarizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the consolidated balance sheets:

 

       30 June 2013           30 September 2012
        Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3            Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3

Assets at Fair Value

                                                          

Derivatives

                                                          

Forward exchange contracts

       $ 87.1          $ —            $ 87.1          $ —               $ 77.9          $ —            $ 77.9          $ —    

Interest rate management contracts

         45.0            —              45.0            —                   49.7            —              49.7            —    

Total Assets at Fair Value

       $ 132.1          $ —            $ 132.1          $ —                 $ 127.6          $ —            $ 127.6          $ —    

Liabilities at Fair Value

                                                          

Derivatives

                                                          

Forward exchange contracts

       $ 16.9          $ —            $ 16.9          $ —               $ 21.7          $ —            $ 21.7          $ —    

Interest rate management contracts

         4.7            —              4.7            —                   25.1            —              25.1            —    

Total Liabilities at Fair Value

       $ 21.6          $ —            $ 21.6          $ —                 $ 46.8          $ —            $ 46.8          $ —    

Refer to Note 1, Major Accounting Policies, in our 2012 Form 10-K and Note 8, Financial Instruments, in this quarterly filing for additional information on our accounting and reporting of the fair value of financial instruments.

 

10. RETIREMENT BENEFITS

The components of net periodic benefit cost for the defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans for the three and nine months ended 30 June 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

       Pension Benefits    Other Benefits
       2013    2012    2013      2012
Three Months Ended 30 June      U.S.    International    U.S.    International              

Service cost

       $ 13.0        $ 8.0        $ 11.3        $ 6.0        $ 1.1          $ 1.1  

Interest cost

            29.3          14.1             31.1          15.6          .4            1.0  

Expected return on plan assets

         (46.4 )        (17.6 )        (44.6 )        (16.7 )        —              —    

Prior service cost amortization

         .7          .1          .6          .1          —              —    

Actuarial loss amortization

         29.1          6.7          19.7          3.8          .6            .7  

Settlements

         4.5          —            —            —            —              —    

Special termination benefits

         .1          .4          —            —            —              —    

Other

         —            .5          —            .6          —              —    

Net periodic benefit cost

       $ 30.3        $ 12.2        $ 18.1        $ 9.4        $ 2.1          $ 2.8  

 

       Pension Benefits    Other Benefits
       2013    2012    2013      2012
Nine Months Ended 30 June      U.S.    International    U.S.    International              

Service cost

       $ 39.0        $ 24.3        $ 33.8        $ 18.1        $ 3.2          $ 3.3  

Interest cost

         87.7          43.1          93.2          46.8          1.4            3.0  

Expected return on plan assets

         (139.0 )        (53.5 )        (133.6 )        (50.0 )        —              —    

Prior service cost amortization

         2.1          .3          1.9          .3          —              —    

Actuarial loss amortization

         87.3          20.1          59.0          11.5          1.8            2.1  

Settlements

         4.5          —            —            —            —              —    

Special termination benefits

         .1          .4          4.6          2.2          —              —    

Other

         —            1.6          —            1.9          —              —    

Net periodic benefit cost

       $ 81.7        $ 36.3        $ 58.9        $ 30.8        $ 6.4          $ 8.4  

Our U.S. supplemental pension plan provides for a lump sum benefit payment option at the time of retirement, or for corporate officers, six months after the participant’s retirement date. Pension settlements are recognized when payments exceed the sum of the service and interest cost components of the plan’s net periodic pension cost for the fiscal year.

 

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A settlement is recognized when the pension obligation is settled. During the three months ended 30 June 2013, we recognized settlement charges of $4.5 in other income, net on the consolidated income statements. We anticipate additional pension settlements in the fourth quarter of 2013 as payments are made to additional retirees.

Special termination benefits for the nine months ended 30 June 2012 are related to the cost reduction plan initiated in the second quarter. For additional information regarding this plan, see Note 4, Business Restructuring and Cost Reduction Plans.

For the nine months ended 30 June 2013 and 2012, our cash contributions to funded pension plans and benefit payments under unfunded pension plans were $258.6 and $31.6, respectively. Total contributions for fiscal 2013 are expected to be approximately $280 to $290. During fiscal 2012, total contributions were $76.4.

 

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Litigation

We are involved in various legal proceedings, including competition, environmental, health, safety, product liability, and insurance matters. In September 2010, the Brazilian Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) issued a decision against our Brazilian subsidiary, Air Products Brasil Ltda., and several other Brazilian industrial gas companies for alleged anticompetitive activities. CADE imposed a civil fine of R$179.2 million (approximately $80 at 30 June 2013) on Air Products Brasil Ltda. This fine was based on a recommendation by a unit of the Brazilian Ministry of Justice whose investigation began in 2003 alleging violation of competition laws with respect to the sale of industrial and medical gases. The fines are based on a percentage of our total revenue in Brazil in 2003.

We have denied the allegations made by the authorities and filed an appeal in October 2010 with the Brazilian courts. Certain of our defenses, if successful, could result in the matter being dismissed with no fine against us. We, with advice of our outside legal counsel, have assessed the status of this matter and have concluded that, although an adverse final judgment after exhausting all appeals is reasonably possible, such a judgment is not probable. As a result, no provision has been made in the consolidated financial statements. We estimate the maximum possible loss to be the full amount of the fine of R$179.2 million (approximately $80 at 30 June 2013) plus interest accrued thereon until final disposition of the proceedings.

We are required to provide security for the payment of the fine (and interest) in order to suspend execution of the judgment during the appeal process, during which time interest will accrue on the fine. The security is only collectible by the court in the event we are not successful in our appeal and do not timely pay the fine. The security could be in the form of a bank guarantee or in other forms which the courts deem acceptable. The form of security to be provided by us has not been finally determined.

While we do not expect that any sums we may have to pay in connection with this or any other legal proceeding would have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or net cash flows, a future charge for regulatory fines or damage awards could have a significant impact on our net income in the period in which it is recorded.

Environmental

In the normal course of business, we are involved in legal proceedings under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA; the federal Superfund law), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and similar state and foreign environmental laws relating to the designation of certain sites for investigation or remediation. Presently, there are approximately 34 sites on which a final settlement has not been reached where we, along with others, have been designated a potentially responsible party by the Environmental Protection Agency or are otherwise engaged in investigation or remediation, including cleanup activity at certain of our current and former manufacturing sites. We continually monitor these sites for which we have environmental exposure.

Accruals for environmental loss contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated consistent with the policy set forth in Note 1, Major Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements in our 2012 Form 10-K. The consolidated balance sheets at 30 June 2013 and 30 September 2012 included an accrual of $87.9 and $87.5, respectively, primarily as part of other noncurrent liabilities. The environmental liabilities will be paid over a period of up to 30 years. We estimate the exposure for environmental loss contingencies to range from $87 to a reasonably possible upper exposure of $101 as of 30 June 2013.

Actual costs to be incurred at identified sites in future periods may vary from the estimates, given inherent uncertainties in evaluating environmental exposures. Using reasonably possible alternative assumptions of the exposure level could result in an increase to the environmental accrual. Due to the inherent uncertainties related to environmental exposures, a significant increase to the reasonably possible upper exposure level could occur if a new site is designated, the scope of remediation is increased, a different remediation alternative is identified, or a significant increase in our proportionate share occurs. We do not expect that any sum we may have to pay in connection with environmental matters in excess of the amounts recorded or disclosed above would have a material adverse impact on our financial position or results of operations in any one year.

 

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PACE

At 30 June 2013, $33.3 of the environmental accrual was related to the Pace facility.

In 2006, we sold our Amines business, which included operations at Pace, Florida and recognized a liability for retained environmental obligations associated with remediation activities at Pace. We are required by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) to continue our remediation efforts. We estimated that it would take about 20 years to complete the groundwater remediation, and the costs through completion were estimated to range from $42 to $52. As no amount within the range was a better estimate than another, we recognized a pretax expense in fiscal 2006 of $42.0 as a component of income from discontinued operations and recorded an environmental accrual of $42.0 in continuing operations on the consolidated balance sheets. There has been no change to the estimated exposure range related to the Pace facility.

We have implemented many of the remedial corrective measures at the Pace, Florida facility required under 1995 Consent Orders issued by the FDEP and the USEPA. Contaminated soils have been bioremediated, and the treated soils have been secured in a lined on-site disposal cell. Several groundwater recovery systems have been installed to contain and remove contamination from groundwater. We completed an extensive assessment of the site to determine how well existing measures are working, what additional corrective measures may be needed, and whether newer remediation technologies that were not available in the 1990s might be suitable to more quickly and effectively remove groundwater contaminants. Based on assessment results, we completed a focused feasibility study that appears to have identified new and alternative approaches that should more effectively remove contaminants and achieve the targeted remediation goals. We continue to review the new approaches with the FDEP.

PIEDMONT

At 30 June 2013, $19.7 of the environmental accrual was related to the Piedmont site.

On 30 June 2008, we sold our Elkton, Maryland and Piedmont, South Carolina production facilities and the related North American atmospheric emulsions and global pressure sensitive adhesives businesses. In connection with the sale, we recognized a liability for retained environmental obligations associated with remediation activities at the Piedmont site. This site is under active remediation for contamination caused by an insolvent prior owner. The sale of the site triggered expense recognition. Prior to the sale, remediation costs had been capitalized since they improved the property as compared to its condition when originally acquired. We are required by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control to address both contaminated soil and groundwater. Numerous areas of soil contamination have been addressed, and contaminated groundwater is being recovered and treated. We estimate that it will take until 2017 to complete source area remediation and another 15 years thereafter to complete groundwater recovery, with costs through completion estimated to be $24. We recognized a pretax expense in 2008 of $24.0 as a component of income from discontinued operations and recorded an environmental liability of $24.0 in continuing operations on the consolidated balance sheets. There has been no change to the estimated exposure.

PAULSBORO

At 30 June 2013, $6.2 of the environmental accrual was related to the Paulsboro site.

During the first quarter of 2009, management committed to a plan to sell the production facility in Paulsboro, New Jersey and recognized a $16.0 environmental liability associated with this site. The change in the liability balance since it was established is a result of spending and changes in the estimated exposure. In December 2009, we completed the sale of this facility. We are required by the New Jersey state law to investigate and, if contaminated, remediate a site upon its sale. We estimate that it will take several years to complete the investigation/remediation efforts at this site.

PASADENA

At 30 June 2013, $12.7 of the environmental accrual was related to the Pasadena site.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, management committed to permanently shutting down our PUI production facility in Pasadena, Texas. In shutting down and dismantling the facility, we will undertake certain remediation obligations related to soil and groundwater contaminants. We have been pumping and treating the groundwater to control off-site migration of contaminated groundwater in compliance with regulatory requirements and under the approval of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). We estimate that we will continue this program for 30 years subsequent to the shutdown of the PUI production facility. In addition, we will perform additional work to address other environmental obligations at the site. This additional work includes addressing the RCRA permitted hazardous waste management units, investigating other

 

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potential solid waste management units, performing post closure care for two closed RCRA surface impoundment units and establishing engineering controls. In 2012, we estimated the total exposure at this site to be $13.0. There has been no change to the estimated exposure.

 

12. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We have various share-based compensation programs, which include stock options, deferred stock units, and restricted stock. Under all programs, the terms of the awards are fixed at the grant date. We issue shares from treasury stock upon the exercise of stock options, the payout of deferred stock units, and the issuance of restricted stock awards. As of 30 June 2013, there were 6,615,390 shares available for future grant under our Long-Term Incentive Plan, which is shareholder approved.

During the nine months ended 30 June 2013, we granted 1,131,315 stock options at a weighted-average exercise price of $81.58 and an estimated fair value of $19.85 per option. The fair value of these options was estimated using a Black Scholes option valuation model that used the following assumptions:

 

Expected volatility

         28.6%–30.4

Expected dividend yield

         2.4

Expected life (in years)

         7.3–9.1   

Risk-free interest rate

         1.2%–1.5

In addition, we granted 263,354 deferred stock units at a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $82.33 and 33,632 restricted shares at a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $81.57.

Refer to Note 18, Share-Based Compensation, in our 2012 Form 10-K for information on the valuation and accounting for our share-based compensation programs.

Share-based compensation cost recognized in the consolidated income statement is summarized below:

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
   Nine Months Ended
30 June
        2013    2012    2013    2012

Before-Tax Share-Based Compensation Cost

       $ 10.6        $ 8.8        $ 33.0        $ 36.2  

Income tax benefit

         (3.8 )        (3.1 )        (11.9 )        (13.0 )

After-Tax Share-Based Compensation Cost

       $ 6.8        $ 5.7        $ 21.1        $ 23.2  

Before-tax share-based compensation cost is primarily included in selling and administrative expense on our consolidated income statements. The amount of share-based compensation cost capitalized in 2013 and 2012 was not material.

 

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13. EQUITY

The following is a summary of the changes in total equity for the three and nine months ended 30 June:

 

       Three Months Ended 30 June
       2013    2012
        Air
Products
   Non-
controlling
Interests
   Total
Equity
   Air
Products
   Non-
controlling
Interests
   Total
Equity

Balance at 31 March

       $ 6,365.5        $ 151.9        $ 6,517.4        $ 6,262.7        $ 144.7        $ 6,407.4  

Net Income (A)

         288.4          7.4          295.8          484.5          8.0          492.5  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

         (56.2 )        (1.4 )        (57.6 )        (125.7 )        (1.4 )        (127.1 )

Dividends on common stock (per share $.71, $.64)

         (148.8 )        —            (148.8 )        (135.5 )        —            (135.5 )

Dividends to noncontrolling interests

         —            (7.2 )        (7.2 )        —            (3.1 )        (3.1 )

Share-based compensation expense

         10.6          —            10.6          8.8          —            8.8  

Issuance of treasury shares for stock option and award plans

         69.0          —            69.0          15.1          —            15.1  

Tax benefit of stock option and award plans

         14.5          —            14.5          2.6          —            2.6  

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

         (1.3 )        —            (1.3 )        —            —            —    

Other equity transactions

         (.9 )        (.1 )        (1.0 )        1.1          (14.4 )        (13.3 )

Balance at 30 June

       $ 6,540.8        $ 150.6        $ 6,691.4        $ 6,513.6        $ 133.8        $ 6,647.4  

 

       Nine Months Ended 30 June
       2013    2012
        Air
Products
   Non-
controlling
Interests
   Total
Equity
   Air
Products
   Non-
controlling
Interests
   Total
Equity

Balance at 30 September

       $ 6,477.2        $ 146.1        $ 6,623.3        $ 5,795.8        $ 142.9        $ 5,938.7  

Net income(A)

         857.1          21.3          878.4          1,028.6          22.4          1,051.0  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

         (84.5 )        (3.1 )        (87.6 )        (.4 )        2.7          2.3  

Dividends on common stock (per share $2.06, $1.86)

         (429.6 )        —            (429.6 )        (393.0 )        —            (393.0 )

Dividends to noncontrolling interests

         —            (13.6 )        (13.6 )        —            (16.1 )        (16.1 )

Share-based compensation expense

         33.0          —            33.0          35.8          —            35.8  

Purchase of treasury shares

         (461.6 )        —            (461.6 )        (53.1 )        —            (53.1 )

Issuance of treasury shares for stock option and award plans

         118.5          —            118.5          76.9          —            76.9  

Tax benefits of stock option and award plans

         34.2          —            34.2          28.0          —            28.0  

Purchase of noncontrolling interests

         (1.6 )        —            (1.6 )        (4.4 )        (1.9 )        (6.3 )

Other equity transactions

         (1.9 )        (.1 )        (2.0 )        (.6 )        (16.2 )        (16.8 )

Balance at 30 June

       $ 6,540.8        $ 150.6        $ 6,691.4        $ 6,513.6        $ 133.8        $ 6,647.4  

 

(A) 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three and nine months ended 30 June 2013 excludes net income of $2.6 and $6.8, respectively, related to redeemable noncontrolling interests, which are not part of total equity. There were no redeemable noncontrolling interests recorded at 30 June 2012. Refer to Note 14, Noncontrolling Interests, for additional information.

 

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14. NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

INDURA S.A.

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

The largest minority shareholder in Indura S.A. has the right to exercise a put option to require us to purchase up to a 30.5% equity interest during the two-year period beginning on 1 July 2015, at a redemption value equal to fair market value (subject to a minimum price based upon the acquisition date value escalated by an inflation factor). We determined that the put option is embedded within the minority interest shares that are subject to the put option. The redemption feature requires classification of the minority shareholder’s interest in the consolidated balance sheet outside of equity under the caption “Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest.”

The redeemable noncontrolling interest of Indura S.A. was recorded on the acquisition date based on the estimated fair value of the shares including the embedded put option. As Indura S.A. shares are not publicly traded, the fair value of the shares was estimated based on trading multiples for similar companies in the Chilean stock market and recent transactions. The fair value of the put option was estimated using standard equity option pricing techniques, expected dividend payouts, and assumptions that market participants would use regarding equity volatility and the risk free rate of return. Subsequent adjustments to the value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest due to the redemption feature, if any, will be recognized as they occur and recorded within capital in excess of par value. Refer to Note 5, Business Combinations, for additional information on the Indura S.A. transaction.

The following is a rollforward of the redeemable noncontrolling interest:

 

Balance at 30 September 2011

       $ —    

Indura acquisition

         374.1  

Net loss

         (2.4 )

Currency translation adjustment

         20.8  

Balance at 30 September 2012

       $ 392.5  

Net income

         6.8  

Dividends

         (1.1 )

Currency translation adjustment

         (26.4 )

Balance at 30 June 2013

       $ 371.8  

 

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15. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS):

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
     Nine Months Ended
30 June
        2013      2012      2013      2012

NUMERATOR

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 287.8          $ 357.2          $ 854.0          $ 862.1  

Income from discontinued operations

         .6            127.3            3.1            166.5  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 288.4          $ 484.5          $ 857.1          $ 1,028.6  

DENOMINATOR (in millions)

                           

Weighted average common shares – Basic

         209.4            211.5            209.3            211.0  

Effect of dilutive securities

                           

Employee stock option and other award plans

         2.5            3.2            2.6            3.6  

Weighted average common shares – Diluted

         211.9            214.7            211.9            214.6  

BASIC EPS ATTRIBUTABLE TO AIR PRODUCTS

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 1.38          $ 1.69          $ 4.08          $ 4.08  

Income from discontinued operations

         —              .60            .02            .79  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 1.38          $ 2.29          $ 4.10          $ 4.87  

DILUTED EPS ATTRIBUTABLE TO AIR PRODUCTS

                           

Income from continuing operations

       $ 1.36          $ 1.66          $ 4.03          $ 4.02  

Income from discontinued operations

         —              .60            .01            .77  

Net Income Attributable to Air Products

       $ 1.36          $ 2.26          $ 4.04          $ 4.79  

Options on 1.1 million and 2.8 million shares were antidilutive and therefore excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended 30 June 2013, respectively. Options on 4.0 million and 3.5 million shares were antidilutive and therefore excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended 30 June 2012, respectively.

 

16. INCOME TAXES

During the first quarter of 2012, we reached a settlement with the Spanish tax authorities for €41.3 million ($56) in resolution of tax deductions claimed by certain of our Spanish subsidiaries during fiscal years 2005-2011. Of this settlement, $43.8 ($.20 per share) increased our income tax expense and had a 3.8% impact on our effective tax rate for the nine months ended 30 June 2012. The cash payment for the settlement was principally paid in the second quarter of 2012.

During the second quarter of 2012, we received a favorable ruling by the Spanish Supreme Court over tax benefits related to certain transactions of a Spanish subsidiary for years 1991 and 1992, a period before we controlled this subsidiary. As a result, we recorded a reduction in income tax expense of $58.3 ($.27 per share), including interest and penalties. This reduction in income tax expense had an 5.1% impact on our effective tax rate for the nine months ended 30 June 2012.

During the third quarter of 2012, our unrecognized tax benefits increased $33.3 as a result of certain tax positions taken in conjunction with the disposition of our Homecare business. For additional information, see Note 3, Discontinued Operations.

During the second quarter of 2013, the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (Act) was signed into law which included retroactive extensions of certain business tax provisions that had expired. This Act did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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17. SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

Credit Agreement

On 30 April 2013, we entered into a five-year $2,500.0 revolving credit agreement with a syndicate of banks (the “2013 Credit Agreement”), under which senior unsecured debt is available to us and certain of our subsidiaries. The 2013 Credit Agreement provides us with a source of liquidity and supports our commercial paper program. We entered into this agreement to increase the previously existing facility by $330.0, extend the maturity date to 30 April 2018, and modify the financial covenant, which is now a maximum ratio of total debt to total capitalization of 70%. No borrowings were outstanding under the 2013 Credit Agreement as of 30 June 2013.

The 2013 Credit Agreement terminates and replaces our previous $2,170.0 revolving credit agreement which was to mature 30 June 2015 and had a financial covenant of long-term debt divided by the sum of long-term debt plus equity of no greater than 60%. No borrowings were outstanding under the previous agreement at the time of its termination and no early termination penalties were incurred.

Debt

We have classified a 3.75% Eurobond for €300 ($390) maturing in November 2013 as long-term debt because we have the ability to refinance the debt under our $2,500.0 committed credit facility maturing 30 April 2018. Our current intent is to refinance this debt via the U.S. or European public or private placement markets.

On 4 February 2013, we issued a $400.0 senior fixed-rate 2.75% note that matures on 3 February 2023.

Share Repurchase Program

On 15 September 2011, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $1,000 of our outstanding common stock. We repurchase shares pursuant to Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, through repurchase agreements established with several brokers. During the first nine months of fiscal year 2013, we purchased 5.7 million of our outstanding shares at a cost of $461.6. At 30 June 2013, $485.3 in share repurchase authorization remains.

Purchase of Interest in Equity Affiliate

On 29 May 2012, we purchased 25% of the outstanding shares of Abdullah Hashim Industrial Gases & Equipment Co. Ltd. (AHG) for SAR581.3 million ($155). The transaction was recorded as an investment in net assets of and advances to equity affiliates in the Merchant Gases segment.

 

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18. BUSINESS SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Our segments are organized based on differences in product and/or type of customer. We have four business segments consisting of Merchant Gases, Tonnage Gases, Electronics and Performance Materials, and Equipment and Energy.

Business Segment Information

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
   Nine Months Ended
30 June
        2013    2012    2013    2012

Sales to External Customers

                     

Merchant Gases

       $ 1,032.5        $ 874.1        $ 3,044.8        $ 2,645.4  

Tonnage Gases

         845.5          767.4          2,552.4          2,360.7  

Electronics and Performance Materials

         565.7          603.8          1,663.5          1,706.0  

Equipment and Energy

         103.6          94.8          333.2          293.8  

Segment and Consolidated Totals

       $ 2,547.3        $ 2,340.1        $ 7,593.9        $ 7,005.9  

Operating Income

                     

Merchant Gases

       $ 164.9        $ 164.6        $ 504.0        $ 483.4  

Tonnage Gases

         119.9          134.3          381.2          371.1  

Electronics and Performance Materials (A)

         86.8          176.7          225.6          340.3  

Equipment and Energy

         16.0          9.8          45.0          26.9  

Segment Total

       $ 387.6        $ 485.4        $ 1,155.8        $ 1,221.7  

Business restructuring and cost reduction plans

         —            —            —            (86.8 )

Other

         (4.5 )        (2.6 )        (10.6 )        (10.4 )

Consolidated Total

       $ 383.1        $ 482.8        $ 1,145.2        $ 1,124.5  

 

(A) 

The gain on remeasuring our previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials is reflected in 2012. For additional information, see Note 5, Business Combinations.

 

        30 June
2013
     30 September
2012

Identifiable Assets (A)

             

Merchant Gases

       $ 6,598.5          $ 6,428.5  

Tonnage Gases

         5,241.7            5,059.8  

Electronics and Performance Materials

         2,874.9            2,930.3  

Equipment and Energy

         575.6            379.3  

Segment total

       $ 15,290.7          $ 14,797.9  

Other

         969.5            925.4  

Discontinued operations

         27.8            42.8  

Consolidated Total

       $ 16,288.0          $ 15,766.1  

 

(A)

Identifiable assets are equal to total assets less investment in net assets of and advances to equity affiliates.

Geographic Information

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
     Nine Months Ended
30 June
        2013      2012      2013      2012

Sales to External Customers

                           

U.S./Canada

       $ 1,132.4          $ 1,082.0          $ 3,353.7          $ 3,232.0  

Europe

         654.6            635.3            1,951.2            1,931.9  

Asia

         578.8            579.5            1,744.8            1,697.6  

Latin America

         181.5            43.3            544.2            144.4  

Consolidated Total

       $ 2,547.3          $ 2,340.1          $ 7,593.9          $ 7,005.9  

 

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Geographic information is based on country of origin. The Europe region operates principally in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the U.K. The Asia region operates principally in China, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. The Latin America region operates principally in Brazil and Chile.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

(Millions of dollars, except for share data)

The disclosures in this quarterly report are complementary to those made in our 2012 Form 10-K. An analysis of results for the third quarter and first nine months of 2013 is provided in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis to follow.

All comparisons in the discussion are to the corresponding prior year unless otherwise stated. All amounts presented are in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), except as noted.

Captions such as income from continuing operations attributable to Air Products, net income attributable to Air Products, and diluted earnings per share attributable to Air Products are simply referred to as “income from continuing operations,” “net income,” and “diluted earnings per share” throughout this Management’s Discussion and Analysis, unless otherwise stated.

The discussion of third quarter and year to date results that follows includes comparisons to non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP measures exclude the gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials, the cost reduction plan charge, the Spanish tax settlement, and the Spanish tax ruling, all which occurred in 2012. The presentation of non-GAAP measures is intended to enhance the usefulness of financial information by providing measures that our management uses internally to evaluate our baseline performance on a comparable basis. The reconciliation of reported GAAP results to non-GAAP measures is presented on page 39.

THIRD QUARTER 2013 VS. THIRD QUARTER 2012

THIRD QUARTER 2013 IN SUMMARY

 

   

Sales of $2,547.3 increased 9%, or $207.2. Underlying sales decreased 2%, with volumes down 2% and pricing flat. Sales decreased as a result of our previous decision to exit the PUI business and lower Electronics volumes partially offset by higher volumes in the Merchant Gases, Performance Materials, and Equipment businesses. The acquisition of Indura S.A. (Indura) increased sales by 6%. Higher energy contractual cost pass-through to customers increased sales by 5%.

 

   

Operating income of $383.1 decreased 21%, or $99.7, and operating margin of 15.0% decreased 560 basis points (bp) as the prior year included a gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials of $85.9. On a non-GAAP basis, operating income decreased 3%, or $13.8, and operating margin decreased 200 bp, primarily from higher pensions costs, higher energy pass-through, higher power costs not recovered by pricing, and the impact of acquisitions.

 

   

Income from continuing operations of $287.8 decreased 19%, or $69.4, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $1.36 decreased 18%, or $.30. On a non-GAAP basis, income from continuing operations decreased 5%, or $14.8, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations decreased 4%, or $.05. A summary table of changes in diluted earnings per share is presented below.

 

   

We acquired EPCO Carbondioxide Products, Inc. (EPCO) and Wuxi Chem-Gas Company Ltd. (WCG) for consideration of $134.

 

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Changes in Diluted Earnings per Share Attributable to Air Products

 

       Three Months Ended
30 June
  

Increase

(Decrease)

        2013      2012   

Diluted Earnings per Share

                  

Net Income

       $ 1.36          $ 2.26        $ (.90 )

Income from Discontinued Operations

         —              .60          (.60 )

Income from Continuing Operations – GAAP Basis

       $ 1.36          $ 1.66        $ (.30 )

Gain on previously held equity interest

         —              (.25 )        .25  

Income from Continuing Operations – Non-GAAP Basis

       $ 1.36          $ 1.41        $ (.05 )

Operating Income (after-tax) – Non-GAAP Basis

                  

Underlying business

                  

Volume/Acquisitions

                   $ .06  

Price/raw materials

                     (.05 )

Costs

                                 (.06 )

Operating Income

                     (.05 )

Other (after-tax)

                  

Equity affiliates’ income

                     .01  

Interest expense

                     (.03 )

Income tax rate

                     .01  

Noncontrolling interests

                     (.01 )

Weighted average diluted shares

                                 .02  

Other

                                 —    

Total Change in Diluted Earnings per Share
from Continuing Operations– Non-GAAP Basis

                               $ (.05 )

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Discussion of Consolidated Results

 

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
        
        2013   2012   $ Change    Change

Sales

       $ 2,547.3       $ 2,340.1       $ 207.2      9%

Operating income – GAAP Basis

         383.1         482.8         (99.7 )    (21)%

Operating margin – GAAP Basis

         15.0 %       20.6 %       —        (560bp)

Equity affiliates’ income

         44.2         41.7         2.5      6%

Operating income – Non-GAAP Basis

         383.1         396.9         (13.8 )    (3)%

Operating margin – Non-GAAP Basis

         15.0 %       17.0 %       —        (200bp)

 

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Table of Contents

Sales

        % Change from
Prior Year

Underlying business

      

Volume

         (2 )%

Price

         —   %

Acquisitions

         6 %

Currency

         —   %

Energy and raw material cost pass-through

         5 %

Total Consolidated Change

         9 %

Underlying sales decreased 2% with volumes down 2% and pricing flat. Sales decreased as a result of our previous decision to exit the PUI business and lower Electronics volumes partially offset by higher volumes in the Merchant Gases, Performance Materials, and Equipment businesses. The Indura acquisition increased sales by 6%. Higher energy and raw material contractual cost pass-through to customers increased sales by 5%.

Operating Income

Operating income of $383.1 decreased 21%, or $99.7. The prior year included a gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials of $85.9. On a non-GAAP basis, operating income decreased 3%, or $13.8. The decrease was primarily due to higher operating costs, including the impact from pensions, of $18 and lower recovery of raw material costs in pricing of $13, partially offset by acquisitions of $18.

Equity Affiliates’ Income

Income from equity affiliates of $44.2 increased $2.5.

Selling and Administrative Expense (S&A)

S&A expense of $271.3 increased $40.9, primarily due to the acquisition of Indura. S&A, as a percent of sales, increased from 9.8% to 10.7%.

Research and Development (R&D)

R&D expense of $33.5 increased $1.0, primarily due to inflation. R&D, as a percent of sales, decreased from 1.4% to 1.3%.

Gain on Previously Held Equity Interest in DA NanoMaterials

On 2 April 2012, we acquired E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Inc.’s 50% interest in our joint venture DA NanoMaterials. Beginning in the third quarter of 2012, the results of DA NanoMaterials were consolidated within our Electronics and Performance Materials business segment.

Prior to the acquisition date, we accounted for our 50% interest in DA NanoMaterials as an equity-method investment. The three months ended 30 June 2012 included a gain of $85.9 ($54.6 after-tax, or $.25 per share) as a result of revaluing our previously held equity interest to fair market value as of the acquisition date. Refer to Note 5, Business Combinations, to the consolidated financial statements for additional details on this transaction.

Other Income, Net

Other income of $16.1 increased $5.6, primarily due to a commercial contract settlement and the sale of assets, partially offset by a pension settlement in the current year. Otherwise, no individual items were significant in comparison to the prior year.

 

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Interest Expense

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
        2013      2012

Interest incurred

       $ 42.2          $ 33.0  

Less: capitalized interest

         6.8            7.0  

Interest expense

       $ 35.4          $ 26.0  

Interest incurred increased $9.2. The increase was driven primarily by a higher average debt balance, partially offset by a lower average interest rate on the debt portfolio.

Effective Tax Rate

The effective tax rate equals the income tax provision divided by income from continuing operations before taxes. On a GAAP basis, the effective tax rate was 24.0% and 26.7% in the third quarter of 2013 and 2012, respectively. The prior year effective tax rate included an increase in income tax expense of $31.3 related to the gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials. Refer to Note 5, Business Combinations, to the consolidated financial statements for details on this transaction. On a non-GAAP basis, the effective tax rate was 24.0% and 24.7% in the third quarter of 2013 and 2012, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to changes in geographic earnings mix.

Discontinued Operations

In the third quarter of 2012, we sold the majority of our Homecare business to The Linde Group for total sale proceeds of €590 million ($777) and recognized a gain of $207.4 ($150.3 after-tax, or $.70 per share). We are actively marketing the remaining portion of the Homecare business, which is primarily in the United Kingdom and Ireland. We expect to close on the sale of this business by the end of fiscal year 2013. In the third quarter of 2012, an impairment charge of $33.5 ($29.5 after-tax, or $.14 per share) was recorded to write down the remaining business to its estimated net realizable value. Additional charges may be recorded in future periods dependent upon the timing and method of ultimate disposition.

The Homecare business, which had been previously reported as part of the Merchant Gases business segment, has been accounted for as a discontinued operation. The results of operations and cash flows of this business have been reclassified from the results of continuing operations for all periods presented.

Business Combinations

On 31 May 2013, we acquired EPCO, the largest independent U.S. producer of liquid carbon dioxide (CO2). This acquisition expands our North American offerings of bulk industrial process gases. In addition, we acquired WCG on 1 April 2013. This acquisition provides us with additional gases presence in the Jiangsu Province of China. The acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations, and their results of operations were consolidated within the Merchant Gases business segment after the acquisition dates. The aggregate purchase price, net of cash acquired, for these acquisitions was $134, and resulted in recognition of $67 of goodwill.

Segment Analysis

Merchant Gases

 

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
        
        2013   2012   $ Change    Change

Sales

       $ 1,032.5       $ 874.1       $ 158.4      18%

Operating income

         164.9         164.6         .3      —  %

Operating margin

         16.0 %       18.8 %       —        (280bp)

Equity affiliates’ income

         36.6         36.8         (.2 )    (1)%

 

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Merchant Gases Sales

 

        % Change from
Prior Year

Underlying business

      

Volume

         2 %

Price

         —   %

Acquisitions

         16 %

Currency

         —   %

Total Merchant Gases Sales Change

         18 %

Underlying sales increased 2% from the impact of higher volumes of 2%. The acquisition of Indura increased sales by 16%.

In the U.S./Canada, sales increased 6%, with increased volumes of 2% and higher pricing of 4%. Higher liquid oxygen, nitrogen, and argon volumes were partially offset by lower helium volumes due to supply limitations. Pricing was higher primarily due to recovery of higher natural gas costs in liquid hydrogen and strength in helium.

In Europe, sales decreased 2%, with volumes down 2% and lower price of 1%, partially offset by a favorable currency impact of 1%. Volumes were down due to helium supply limitations and lower cylinder volumes. Liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen volumes were slightly positive as higher wholesale volumes were mostly offset by weaker demand across most end markets. Pricing was lower as higher helium pricing was more than offset by pricing pressure and unfavorable mix in liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen.

In Asia, sales decreased 1%, with reduced pricing of 2% and a favorable currency impact of 1%. Volumes were flat as higher liquid oxygen, nitrogen, and argon volumes and improved micro-bulk volumes were offset by lower helium volumes due to supply limitations. Pricing decreased as pricing pressure in liquid oxygen, nitrogen and argon, particularly in China, was partially offset by higher pricing in helium.

Merchant Gases Operating Income and Margin

Operating income was higher by $.3 as the impact of the Indura acquisition of $18 and higher volumes of $4 were mostly offset by lower price recovery of power costs of $13 and higher operating costs, including the impact from pensions, of $8. Operating margin decreased 280 bp from prior year, primarily due to the impact of the Indura acquisition and higher costs.

Merchant Gases Equity Affiliates’ Income

Merchant Gases equity affiliates’ income of $36.6 decreased $.2.

Tonnage Gases

 

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
        
        2013   2012   $ Change    Change

Sales

       $ 845.5       $ 767.4       $ 78.1      10%

Operating income

         119.9         134.3         (14.4 )    (11)%

Operating margin

         14.2 %       17.5 %       —        (330bp)

Tonnage Gases Sales

 

        % Change from
Prior Year

Underlying business

      

Volume

         (7 )%

Energy and raw material cost pass-through

         16 %

Currency

         1 %

Total Tonnage Gases Sales Change

         10 %

Sales increased 10%, or $78.1. Volumes decreased 7% primarily due to the impact of our previous decision to exit our PUI business. Base business volumes were relatively flat, as U.S. Gulf Coast customer maintenance outages were offset by fewer customer outages in Europe. Higher energy contractual cost pass-through to customers increased sales by 16% and favorable currency impacts increased sales by 1%.

 

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Table of Contents

Tonnage Gases Operating Income and Margin

Operating income was lower by 11% primarily from higher operating costs, including maintenance and pension, of $10 and lower volumes of $6. Operating margin decreased 330 bp from the prior year, primarily due to higher energy cost pass-through and the higher costs.

Electronics and Performance Materials

 

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
        
        2013   2012   $ Change    Change

Sales

       $ 565.7       $ 603.8       $ (38.1 )    (6)%

Operating income – GAAP Basis

         86.8         176.7         (89.9 )    (51)%

Operating margin – GAAP Basis

         15.3 %       29.3 %       —        (1,400bp)

Operating income – Non-GAAP Basis

         86.8         90.8         (4.0 )    (4)%

Operating margin – Non-GAAP Basis

         15.3 %       15.0 %       —        30bp

Electronics and Performance Materials Sales

 

        % Change from
Prior Year

Underlying business

      

Volume

         (5 )%

Price

         (1 )%

Acquisitions

         —   %

Currency

         —   %

Total Electronics and Performance Materials Sales Change

         (6 )%

Sales decreased 6% from lower volumes and business mix of 5% and lower pricing of 1%. Electronics sales were down 11% due to weaker process materials volumes and equipment sales from lower fab utilization and lower new fab investment. Performance Materials sales decreased 1% as lower pricing was partially offset by higher volumes. The increase in volumes was primarily to the automobile and U.S. housing markets while we continued to see weakness in select construction markets and marine coatings.

Electronics and Performance Materials Operating Income and Margin

Operating income of $86.8 decreased 51%, or $89.9, primarily due to the prior year gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials of $85.9. On a non-GAAP basis, operating income of $86.8 decreased by $4.0 primarily due to the lower Electronics volumes and lower prices and product mix in Performance Materials. Operating margin of 15.3% increased 30 bp primarily due to volume mix in the Electronics equipment business.

Equipment and Energy

 

       Three Months
Ended 30 June
             
        2013      2012      $ Change      Change

Sales

       $ 103.6          $ 94.8          $ 8.8        9%

Operating income

         16.0            9.8            6.2        63%

Equipment and Energy Sales and Operating Income

Sales of $103.6 increased primarily from higher LNG project activity. Operating income of $16.0 increased from the higher LNG activity and lower development spending.

The sales backlog for the Equipment business at 30 June 2013 was $327 compared to $450 at 30 September 2012.

 

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Table of Contents

Other

Other operating income (loss) primarily includes other expense and income that cannot be directly associated with the business segments, including foreign exchange gains and losses. Also included are LIFO inventory adjustments, as the business segments use FIFO, and the LIFO pool adjustments are not allocated to the business segments. Other also included stranded costs resulting from discontinued operations, as these costs were not reallocated to the businesses in 2012.

Other operating loss was $(4.5) versus $(2.6) in the prior year. The current year includes a pension settlement of $4.5. No other individual items were significant in comparison to the prior year.

FIRST NINE MONTHS 2013 VS. FIRST NINE MONTHS 2012

FIRST NINE MONTHS 2013 IN SUMMARY

 

   

Sales of $7,593.9 increased 8%, or $588.0. Volumes were flat as higher volumes in the Tonnage Gases, Performance Materials and Equipment businesses were offset by lower volumes in our European Merchant Gases and Electronics businesses and our previous decision to exit the PUI business. Pricing was flat as higher pricing in Merchant Gases was offset by lower pricing in Performance Materials. The acquisitions of Indura and DA NanoMaterials increased sales by 6%. Higher energy contractual cost pass-through to customers increased sales by 2%.

 

   

Operating income of $1,145.2 increased 2%, or $20.7, and operating margin of 15.1% decreased 100 bp as the prior year included a charge of $86.8 for the cost reduction plan and a gain on the previously held equity interest in DA NanoMaterials of $85.9. On a non-GAAP basis, operating income increased 2%, or $19.8, and operating margin decreased 100 bp, primarily due to higher pension, energy, and distribution costs and the impacts of the Indura acquisition.

 

   

Income from continuing operations of $854.0 decreased 1%, or $8.1, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $4.03 increased $.01. On a non-GAAP basis, income from continuing operations increased $.4, and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased 1%, or $.05. A summary table of changes in diluted earnings per share is presented below.

 

   

We acquired EPCO Carbondioxide Products, Inc. (EPCO) and Wuxi Chem-Gas Company Ltd. (WCG) for consideration of $134.

 

   

We purchased 5.7 million of our outstanding shares at a cost of $461.6 under the $1,000 share repurchase program announced in the fourth quarter of 2011. At 30 June 2013, $485.3 in share repurchase authorization remains.

 

   

We increased our quarterly dividend by 11% from $.64 to $.71 per share. This represents the 31st consecutive year that we have increased our dividend payment.

 

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Changes in Diluted Earnings per Share Attributable to Air Products

 

       Nine Months Ended
30 June
  

Increase

(Decrease)

        2013      2012   

Diluted Earnings per Share

                  

Net Income

       $ 4.04          $ 4.79        $ (.75 )

Income from Discontinued Operations

         .01            .77          (.76 )

Income from Continuing Operations – GAAP Basis

       $ 4.03          $ 4.02        $ .01  

Gain on previously held equity interest

         —              (.25 )        .25  

Cost reduction plan

         —              .28          (.28 )

Spanish tax settlement

         —              .20          (.20 )

Spanish tax ruling

         —              (.27 )        .27  

Income from Continuing Operations – Non-GAAP Basis

       $ 4.03          $ 3.98        $ .05  

Operating Income (after-tax) – Non-GAAP Basis

                  

Underlying business

                  

Volume/Acquisitions

                   $ .21  

Price/raw materials

                     (.11 )

Costs

                                 (.03 )

Operating Income

                     .07  

Other (after-tax)

                  

Equity affiliates’ income