10-Q 1 fss-2017930x10q.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number: 1-6003
  ___________________________________
 fsslogocoverq22015a07.jpg
FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
36-1063330
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1415 West 22nd Street,
Oak Brook, Illinois
 
60523
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number including area code: (630) 954-2000 
  ___________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
þ
 
 
 
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨ 
 
 (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
As of October 31, 2017, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock was 59,983,833.
 



FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) is being filed by Federal Signal Corporation and its subsidiaries (referred to collectively as the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us” herein, unless the context otherwise indicates) with the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and includes comments made by management that may contain words such as “may,” “will,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “estimate” and “objective” or similar terminology, or the negative thereof, concerning the Company’s future financial performance, business strategy, plans, goals and objectives. These expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include information concerning the Company’s possible or assumed future performance or results of operations and are not guarantees. While these statements are based on assumptions and judgments that management has made in light of industry experience as well as perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate under the circumstances, they are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different.
These risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond the Company’s control, include the risk factors described under Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, which was filed with the SEC on February 28, 2017. These factors may not constitute all factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in any forward-looking statement. The Company operates in a continually changing business environment and new factors emerge from time to time. The Company cannot predict such factors, nor can it assess the impact, if any, of such factors on its results of operations, financial condition or cash flow. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a predictor of actual results. The Company disclaims any responsibility to update any forward-looking statement provided in this Form 10-Q.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
The Company is subject to the reporting and information requirements of the Exchange Act and, as a result, is obligated to file Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other reports and information with the SEC, as well as amendments to those reports. The Company makes these filings available free of charge through our website at www.federalsignal.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such materials are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Information on our website does not constitute part of this Form 10-Q. In addition, the SEC maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically. All materials that we file with, or furnish to, the SEC may also be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited).
FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2017

2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales
$
248.7


$
186.7

 
$
650.9

 
$
531.8

Cost of sales
187.4


141.4

 
491.3

 
394.1

Gross profit
61.3


45.3

 
159.6

 
137.7

Selling, engineering, general and administrative expenses
38.3


31.1

 
104.7

 
91.0

Acquisition and integration-related expenses
0.7

 
0.3

 
2.2

 
1.2

Restructuring
0.1

 
0.4

 
0.5

 
1.6

Operating income
22.2

 
13.5

 
52.2

 
43.9

Interest expense
2.7

 
0.6

 
4.6

 
1.4

Debt settlement charges

 

 

 
0.3

Other income, net
(0.5
)

(0.3
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
Income before income taxes
20.0


13.2

 
48.6

 
43.5

Income tax expense
7.5


5.7

 
17.4

 
16.2

Income from continuing operations
12.5


7.5

 
31.2

 
27.3

Gain from discontinued operations and disposal, net of income tax (benefit) expense of $(0.0), $(1.0), $(0.0) and $3.1, respectively


1.0

 

 
3.9

Net income
$
12.5


$
8.5

 
$
31.2

 
$
31.2

Basic earnings per share:



 
 
 
 
Earnings from continuing operations
$
0.21


$
0.12

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.45

Earnings from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax


0.02

 

 
0.06

Net earnings per share
$
0.21


$
0.14

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.51

Diluted earnings per share:



 
 
 
 
Earnings from continuing operations
$
0.21


$
0.12

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.45

Earnings from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax


0.02

 

 
0.06

Net earnings per share
$
0.21


$
0.14

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.51

Weighted average common shares outstanding:



 
 
 
 
Basic
59.8


59.8

 
59.7

 
60.7

Diluted
60.6


60.6

 
60.4

 
61.5

Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.07


$
0.07

 
$
0.21

 
$
0.21

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
$
12.5

 
$
8.5

 
$
31.2

 
$
31.2

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in foreign currency translation adjustment
3.3

 
(0.9
)
 
9.5

 
5.1

Change in unrecognized net actuarial losses related to pension benefit plans, net of income tax expense of $0.2, $0.7, $0.7 and $2.2, respectively
(0.1
)
 
1.3

 

 
5.1

Change in unrealized net gain on derivatives, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $0.0, $0.0, $0.2 and $(0.1), respectively
0.2

 

 
0.4

 
(0.1
)
Total other comprehensive income
3.4

 
0.4

 
9.9

 
10.1

Comprehensive income
$
15.9

 
$
8.9

 
$
41.1

 
$
41.3

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
(in millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
28.2

 
$
50.7

Accounts receivable, net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $1.5 and $0.8, respectively
118.9

 
81.3

Inventories
143.9

 
120.1

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
9.6

 
7.5

Total current assets
300.6

 
259.6

Properties and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $108.2 and $101.3, respectively
63.2

 
42.9

Rental equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $17.6 and $9.7, respectively
88.8

 
80.8

Goodwill
371.4

 
236.5

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $3.6 and $0.5, respectively
161.1

 
10.2

Deferred tax assets
6.8

 
8.2

Deferred charges and other assets
4.3

 
3.9

Long-term assets of discontinued operations
1.0

 
1.1

Total assets
$
997.2

 
$
643.2

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations
$
0.2

 
$
0.5

Accounts payable
63.0

 
35.3

Customer deposits
7.3

 
4.5

Accrued liabilities:
 
 
 
Compensation and withholding taxes
20.5

 
13.8

Other current liabilities
35.2

 
28.7

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
0.8

 
2.1

Total current liabilities
127.0

 
84.9

Long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations
282.9

 
63.5

Long-term pension and other postretirement benefit liabilities
55.6

 
61.1

Deferred gain
9.2

 
10.7

Deferred tax liabilities
67.7

 

Other long-term liabilities
27.8

 
26.9

Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations
1.8

 
2.0

Total liabilities
572.0

 
249.1

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $1 par value per share, 90.0 shares authorized, 66.0 and 65.4 shares issued, respectively
66.0

 
65.4

Capital in excess of par value
205.7

 
200.3

Retained earnings
320.4

 
301.8

Treasury stock, at cost, 6.0 and 5.8 shares, respectively
(84.8
)
 
(81.4
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(82.1
)
 
(92.0
)
Total stockholders’ equity
425.2

 
394.1

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
997.2

 
$
643.2

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
Operating activities:



Net income
$
31.2

 
$
31.2

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:



Gain from discontinued operations and disposal


(3.9
)
Depreciation and amortization
21.3


13.0

Deferred financing costs
0.2


0.5

Deferred gain
(1.5
)

(1.4
)
Stock-based compensation expense
3.5


3.4

Pension expense, net of funding
(4.2
)

(4.2
)
Provision for doubtful accounts
0.5


0.3

Deferred income taxes
3.3


9.6

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and discontinued operations
(2.2
)

(31.4
)
Net cash provided by continuing operating activities
52.1


17.1

Net cash (used for) provided by discontinued operating activities
(0.5
)

0.8

Net cash provided by operating activities
51.6


17.9

Investing activities:



Purchases of properties and equipment
(5.3
)
 
(4.8
)
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(269.2
)
 
(102.6
)
Other, net
0.2

 
(0.5
)
Collection of cash provided to customer

 
6.0

Net cash used for continuing investing activities
(274.3
)
 
(101.9
)
Net cash (used for) provided by discontinued investing activities
(1.1
)
 
88.0

Net cash used for investing activities
(275.4
)

(13.9
)
Financing activities:



Increase in revolving lines of credit, net
214.1


64.8

Payments on long-term borrowings


(43.4
)
Payments of debt financing fees
(0.2
)

(1.1
)
Purchases of treasury stock


(33.8
)
Redemptions of common stock to satisfy withholding taxes related to stock-based compensation
(2.5
)

(2.6
)
Cash dividends paid to stockholders
(12.6
)

(12.8
)
Proceeds from stock-based compensation activity
1.5


0.4

Other, net
(0.3
)

(0.4
)
Net cash provided by (used for) continuing financing activities
200.0


(28.9
)
Net cash provided by discontinued financing activities


0.7

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
200.0


(28.2
)
Effects of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
1.3


(1.0
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(22.5
)

(25.2
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
50.7


76.0

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
28.2


$
50.8

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
(in millions)
Common
Stock
 
Capital in
Excess of
Par
Value
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2017
$
65.4

 
$
200.3

 
$
301.8

 
$
(81.4
)
 
$
(92.0
)
 
$
394.1

Net income
 
 
 
 
31.2

 
 
 
 
 
31.2

Total other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9.9

 
9.9

Cash dividends declared
 
 
 
 
(12.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
(12.6
)
Stock-based payments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation
 
 
2.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.9

Stock option exercises and other
0.4

 
2.7

 
 
 
(1.5
)
 
 
 
1.6

Performance share unit transactions
0.2

 
(0.2
)
 
 
 
(1.9
)
 
 
 
(1.9
)
Balance at September 30, 2017
$
66.0

 
$
205.7

 
$
320.4

 
$
(84.8
)
 
$
(82.1
)
 
$
425.2

(in millions)
Common
Stock
 
Capital in
Excess of
Par
Value
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2016
$
64.8

 
$
195.6

 
$
274.9

 
$
(40.9
)
 
$
(88.8
)
 
$
405.6

Net income
 
 
 
 
31.2

 
 
 
 
 
31.2

Total other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.1

 
10.1

Cash dividends declared
 
 
 
 
(12.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
(12.8
)
Stock-based payments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation

 
2.9

 

 

 

 
2.9

Stock option exercises and other
0.2

 
0.7

 

 
(0.2
)
 

 
0.7

Performance share unit transactions
0.4

 
(0.4
)
 

 
(2.4
)
 

 
(2.4
)
Stock repurchase program


 


 


 
(33.8
)
 


 
(33.8
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
65.4

 
$
198.8

 
$
293.3

 
$
(77.3
)
 
$
(78.7
)
 
$
401.5

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Organization and Description of the Business
Federal Signal Corporation was founded in 1901 and was reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1969. References herein to the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us” refer collectively to Federal Signal Corporation and its subsidiaries.
Products manufactured and supplied, and services rendered by the Company are divided into two major operating segments: the Environmental Solutions Group and the Safety and Security Systems Group. The individual operating businesses are organized as such because they share certain characteristics, including technology, marketing, distribution and product application, which create long-term synergies. The Company’s reportable segments are consistent with its operating segments. These segments are discussed in Note 11 – Segment Information.
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements represent the consolidation of Federal Signal Corporation and its subsidiaries included herein and have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to ensure the information presented is not misleading. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Company’s accounting policies described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, and should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.
As discussed in Note 2 – Acquisitions, on June 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of GenNx/TBEI Intermediate Co., a Delaware corporation (“TBEI”). TBEI is a leading U.S. manufacturer of dump truck bodies and trailers serving maintenance and infrastructure end-markets. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017 includes preliminary fair values assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with the acquisition, whereas the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include the post-acquisition operating results of TBEI.
These condensed consolidated financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments that we considered necessary to present a fair statement of our results of operations, financial condition and cash flow. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The results reported in these condensed consolidated financial statements should not be regarded as necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. While we label our quarterly information using a calendar convention whereby our first, second and third quarters are labeled as ending on March 31, June 30 and September 30, respectively, it is our longstanding practice to establish interim quarterly closing dates based on a 13-week period ending on a Saturday, with our fiscal year ending on December 31. The effects of this practice are not material and exist only within a reporting year.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Accounting Changes
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition. This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. The ASU allows either a “full retrospective” adoption, in which the standard is applied to all periods presented in the financial statements, or a “modified retrospective” adoption, in which the guidance is applied retrospectively only to the most current period presented in the financial statements, with the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard being recognized as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the date of initial application. As originally proposed, this guidance was effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period, and

7

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

early adoption was not permitted. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which deferred the effective date of the new revenue recognition requirements to annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Under ASU 2015-14, companies are permitted to adopt the guidance early, but no earlier than the original effective date outlined in ASU 2014-09. The FASB has issued a number of amendments to ASU 2014-09 that are intended to address implementation issues that were raised by stakeholders and provide additional practical expedients to reduce the cost and complexity of applying the new revenue standard. These amendments have the same effective date as ASU 2014-09.
The new revenue standard will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018, and we expect to apply the “modified retrospective” method of adoption. In preparation for the adoption of the new standard, the Company has established a project management team responsible for analyzing the impact of ASU 2014-09, and the related amendments, across all revenue streams. The project management team is currently reviewing current accounting policies and practices, including a representative sample of contracts with customers, to identify potential differences that would result from applying the requirements under the new standard. In addition, the Company is in the process of designing and implementing the appropriate controls over gathering and reporting the information required to support the expanded disclosure requirements. The Company’s revenue is primarily generated from the sale of finished products to customers. Those sales predominantly contain a single delivery element and revenue is recognized at a single point in time when ownership, risks and benefits transfer. The timing of revenue recognition for these transactions is not expected to be significantly impacted by the new standard. While the Company has not yet finalized its assessment of the impact of the new standard and is in the process of analyzing accounting policies and contracts for its recent acquisition, based on the analysis completed to date, the Company does not expect that the adoption of the revised guidance will have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. We anticipate the primary impact to be the additional required disclosures around revenue recognition in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires organizations that are lessees in operating leases to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and requires disclosure of key qualitative and quantitative information about leasing agreements by both lessors and lessees. For a lease to meet the requirements for accounting under a sale-leaseback transaction, it must meet the criteria for a sale in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Entities are required to recognize and measure operating leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230), Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Payments, which provides additional guidance on the financial statement presentation of certain activities in the statement of cash flows. The activities addressed by this guidance that may be relevant to the Company include cash payments for debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims and proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies, and the application of the predominance principle. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments in this ASU should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. If it is impracticable to apply the amendments retrospectively for some of the issues, the amendments for those issues would be applied prospectively as of the earliest date practicable. The Company currently expects to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2018 and does not expect that its adoption will have a material impact on its historical cash flow presentation.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. This guidance requires the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory to be recognized when the transfer occurs, instead of when the asset is sold to an outside party. The pronouncement is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods, with early adoption permitted. The amendments in this ASU should be applied on a modified retrospective basis, with an adjustment reflecting the cumulative effect of adoption being recorded directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company currently expects to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2018 and does not expect that its adoption will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. An entity will therefore perform the goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, and recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the

8

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

reporting unit. An entity still has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 on a prospective basis, with early adoption permitted. The Company currently expects to adopt this guidance effective in the fourth quarter of 2017 and does not expect adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, Compensation Retirement Benefits (Topic 715), Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. This guidance requires that only the service cost component be included on the same line as other compensation costs on the statements of operations. All other components of net periodic pension cost should be reported separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of operating income. The guidance also specifies that only the service cost component of net periodic pension cost is eligible for capitalization. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments related to the presentation of the service cost and other components of net periodic pension cost included in this ASU should be applied retrospectively, whereas the amendments relating to the capitalization of the service cost component of net periodic pension cost should be applied prospectively. The Company currently expects to adopt this guidance effective January 1, 2018 and does not expect that its adoption will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which intends to better align risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and presentation of hedge results. The amendments also make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance by easing certain documentation and assessment requirements. ASU 2017-12 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in this ASU should be applied on a modified retrospective or prospective basis, depending on the area covered by the update. The Company currently expects to adopt this guidance effective in the fourth quarter of 2017 and does not expect that its adoption will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect (i) the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, (ii) the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and (iii) the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates and assumptions are used for, but are not limited to, revenue recognition, workers’ compensation and product liability reserves, asset impairment, pension and other post-retirement benefit obligations, income tax contingency accruals and valuation allowances, and litigation-related accruals. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
As described in Note 2 – Acquisitions, amounts allocated to certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with current-year acquisitions are considered preliminary as of September 30, 2017 and are subject to change during the measurement period.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
NOTE 2 – ACQUISITIONS
Acquisition of TBEI
On June 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of TBEI. TBEI is a leading U.S. manufacturer of dump truck bodies and trailers serving maintenance and infrastructure end markets. The Company expects that the acquisition of TBEI will enable it to strengthen its market position as a specialty vehicle manufacturer in maintenance and infrastructure markets, leverage its expertise in building chassis-based vehicles and balance the mix of revenues it generates from municipal and industrial markets. As the acquisition closed on June 2, 2017, the assets and liabilities of TBEI have been consolidated into the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017, while the post-acquisition results of operations have been included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, within the Environmental Solutions Group.

9

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The initial cash consideration paid by the Company to acquire TBEI was approximately $271.8 million, inclusive of cash acquired and a preliminary working capital adjustment. Any additional working capital adjustment is expected to be finalized before the end of the fourth quarter of 2017.
The acquisition is being accounted for in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations. Accordingly, the total purchase price has been allocated on a preliminary basis to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with the acquisition based on their estimated fair values as of the completion of the acquisition. A single estimate of fair value results from a complex series of judgments about future events and uncertainties and relies heavily on estimates and assumptions. The Company’s judgments used to determine the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact the Company’s results of operations. The Company’s purchase price allocation as of September 30, 2017 reflects various provisional estimates that were based on the information that was available as of the acquisition date and the subsequent filing date of this Form 10-Q. The Company believes that this information provides a reasonable basis for estimating the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, however the determination of those fair values is not yet finalized. Thus, the preliminary measurements of fair value set forth in the table below are subject to change during the measurement period as valuations are finalized, including those performed by a third-party valuation specialist related to certain of the acquired tangible and intangible assets. The Company expects to finalize the valuations and complete the purchase price allocation as soon as practicable.
The following table summarizes the preliminary fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date:
(in millions)
 
Purchase price, inclusive of working capital adjustment (a)
$
269.7

Total consideration
269.7

 
 
Cash
2.6

Accounts receivable
23.4

Inventories
24.7

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
0.8

Rental equipment
0.8

Properties and equipment
23.4

Customer relationships (b)
90.0

Trade names (c)
60.0

Other intangible assets
3.0

Accounts payable
(18.7
)
Accrued liabilities
(5.6
)
Deferred tax liabilities
(65.4
)
Net assets acquired
$
139.0

 
 
Goodwill (d)
$
130.7

(a)
$243.0 million of the purchase price was funded through borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility, with the remainder being funded with existing cash on hand. The purchase price is subject to a final working capital adjustment that is expected to be finalized before the end of the fourth quarter of 2017.
(b)
Represents the preliminary fair value assigned to customer relationships, which are considered to be definite-lived intangible assets, with a preliminary estimated useful life of approximately 12 years.
(c)
Represents the preliminary fair value assigned to trade names, which are considered to be indefinite-lived intangible assets.
(d)
Goodwill, which is not deductible for tax purposes, has been allocated to the Environmental Solutions Group on the basis that the synergies identified will primarily benefit this segment.

In the period between the June 2, 2017 closing date and September 30, 2017, TBEI generated $65.3 million of net sales and $3.9 million of operating income. The Company has included the operating results of TBEI within the Environmental Solutions Group in its condensed consolidated financial statements since the closing date.

10

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

Under ASC 805-10, acquisition-related costs (i.e., advisory, legal, valuation and other professional fees) are not included as a component of consideration transferred, but are accounted for as expenses in the periods in which the costs are incurred. Primarily due to the TBEI acquisition, the Company incurred $0.5 million and $1.5 million of acquisition-related costs in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, which have been recorded in Acquisition and integration-related expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The Company expects to incur additional integration expenses during the remainder of 2017.

In the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company incurred $0.9 million of acquisition and integration-related costs in connection with acquisitions completed in the prior-year.

Unaudited pro forma financial information
The following table presents the unaudited pro forma combined results of operations of the Company and TBEI for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, after giving effect to certain pro forma adjustments including: (i) elimination of the costs recognized related to the step-up in fair value of TBEI’s inventory that will not have a continuing impact, (ii) amortization of acquired intangible assets, (iii) the impact of certain fair value adjustments such as depreciation on the acquired property, plant and equipment, (iv) interest expense for historical long-term debt of TBEI that was repaid and interest expense on additional borrowings by the Company to fund the acquisition and (v) elimination of non-recurring acquisition and integration-related expenses. The unaudited pro forma statement of operations of the Company assuming this transaction occurred at January 1, 2016 is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales
$
248.7

 
$
239.1

 
$
740.0

 
$
695.4

Income from continuing operations
13.1

 
9.8

 
38.3

 
36.2

Diluted earnings from continuing operations (per share)
$
0.22

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.63

 
$
0.59


The unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and is not intended to represent or be indicative of the consolidated results of operations of the Company that would have been reported had the acquisition been completed as of the beginning of the periods presented, and should not be taken as being representative of the future consolidated results of operations of the Company.
NOTE 3 – INVENTORIES
The following table summarizes the components of Inventories:
(in millions)
September 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Finished goods
$
80.0

 
$
77.6

Raw materials
54.3

 
35.3

Work in process
9.6

 
7.2

Total inventories (a)
$
143.9

 
$
120.1

(a)
Amounts at September 30, 2017 include inventories acquired in the TBEI acquisition - see Note 2 – Acquisitions.
NOTE 4 – GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The following table summarizes the carrying amount of goodwill, and the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in the nine months ended September 30, 2017, by segment:
(in millions)
Environmental
Solutions
 
Safety & Security
Systems
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2017
$
127.2

 
$
109.3

 
$
236.5

Translation adjustments
0.4

 
3.8

 
4.2

Acquisitions
130.7

 

 
130.7

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
258.3

 
$
113.1

 
$
371.4


11

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The following table summarizes the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization of intangible assets for each major class of intangible assets:
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
(in millions)
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Value
 
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Value
Definite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships (a)
$
90.9

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
88.2

 
$
0.8

 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
0.7

Other (a)
4.3

 
(0.9
)
 
3.4

 
1.1

 
(0.4
)
 
0.7

Total definite-lived intangible assets
95.2

 
(3.6
)
 
91.6

 
1.9

 
(0.5
)
 
1.4

Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade names
69.5

 

 
69.5

 
8.8

 

 
8.8

Total indefinite-lived intangible assets
69.5

 

 
69.5

 
8.8

 

 
8.8

Total intangible assets
$
164.7

 
$
(3.6
)
 
$
161.1

 
$
10.7

 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
10.2

(a)
Average useful life of customer relationships and other definite-lived intangible assets are estimated to be approximately 12 years and 5 years, respectively. The average useful life across all definite-lived intangible assets is estimated to be approximately 12 years.
The table above includes preliminary estimates of the fair value and useful lives of certain definite and indefinite-lived intangible assets related to the TBEI acquisition completed during 2017. As further described in Note 2 – Acquisitions, the preliminary measurements of fair value included in the table above are subject to change during the measurement period as valuations are finalized.
Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $2.2 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was immaterial.
The Company currently estimates that aggregate amortization expense will be approximately $2.2 million for the remainder of 2017, $8.7 million in 2018, $8.7 million in 2019, $8.1 million in 2020, $7.7 million in 2021, and $56.2 million thereafter. Actual amounts of amortization may differ from estimated amounts due to additional intangible asset acquisitions, changes in foreign currency rates, measurement period adjustments for the TBEI acquisition, impairment of intangible assets and other events.
NOTE 5 – DEBT
The following table summarizes the components of Long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations:
(in millions)
September 30,
2017
 
December 31, 2016
2016 Credit Agreement:
 
 
 
Revolving credit facility
$
282.6

 
$
63.2

Capital lease obligations
0.5

 
0.8

Total long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations, including current portion
283.1

 
64.0

Less: Current capital lease obligations
0.2

 
0.5

Total long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations
$
282.9

 
$
63.5

As more fully described within Note 13 – Fair Value Measurements, the Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The fair value of long-term debt is based on interest rates that we believe are currently available to us for issuance of debt with similar terms and remaining maturities (Level 2 input).
The following table summarizes the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Company’s long-term borrowings:

12

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 (in millions)
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Notional
Amount
 
Fair
Value
Long-term borrowings (a)
$
283.1

 
$
283.1

 
$
64.0

 
$
64.0

(a)
Long-term borrowings includes current portions of long-term debt and current portions of capital lease obligations of $0.2 million and $0.5 million as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
On January 27, 2016, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “2016 Credit Agreement”), by and among the Company and certain of its foreign subsidiaries (collectively, the “Borrowers”), Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, swingline lender and issuing lender, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as syndication agent, KeyBank National Association, as documentation agent, Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, as joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners, and the other lenders and parties signatory thereto.
The 2016 Credit Agreement is a $325.0 million revolving credit facility, maturing on January 27, 2021, that provides for borrowings in the form of loans or letters of credit up to the aggregate availability under the facility, with a sub-limit of $50.0 million for letters of credit. In addition, the 2016 Credit Agreement includes an accordion feature, whereby the Company may cause the commitments to increase by up to an additional $75.0 million, subject to the approval of the applicable lenders providing such additional financing. 
On June 2, 2017, the Company executed an amendment to the 2016 Credit Agreement (the “Amended 2016 Credit Agreement”), which included provisions to exercise this accordion feature, thereby increasing the borrowing capacity under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement to $400.0 million.
The Amended 2016 Credit Agreement allows for the Borrowers to borrow in denominations of U.S. Dollars, Canadian Dollars (up to a maximum of C$100.0 million) or Euros (up to a maximum of €20.0 million). Borrowings under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement may be used for working capital and general corporate purposes, including permitted acquisitions.
The Company’s domestic subsidiaries provide guarantees for all obligations of the Borrowers under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement, which is secured by a first priority security interest in all now or hereafter acquired domestic property and assets and the stock or other equity interests in each of the domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the outstanding voting capital stock of certain first-tier foreign subsidiaries, subject to certain exclusions.
Borrowings under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement bear interest, at the Company’s option, at a base rate or a LIBOR rate, plus, in each case, an applicable margin. The applicable margin ranges from 0.00% to 1.25% for base rate borrowings and 1.00% to 2.25% for LIBOR borrowings. The Company must also pay a commitment fee to the lenders ranging between 0.15% to 0.30% per annum on the unused portion of the $400.0 million revolving credit facility along with other standard fees. Letter of credit fees are payable on outstanding letters of credit in an amount equal to the applicable LIBOR margin plus other customary fees.
The Company is subject to certain leverage ratio and interest coverage ratio financial covenants under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement that are to be measured at each fiscal quarter-end. The Company was in compliance with all such covenants as of September 30, 2017. The Amended 2016 Credit Agreement also includes a “covenant holiday” period, which allows for the temporary increase of the minimum leverage ratio following the completion of a permitted acquisition, or a series of permitted acquisitions, when the total consideration exceeds a specified threshold. In addition, the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement includes customary negative covenants, subject to certain exceptions, restricting or limiting the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things: (i) make non-ordinary course dispositions of assets, (ii) make certain fundamental business changes, such as merge, consolidate or enter into any similar combination, (iii) make restricted payments, including dividends and stock repurchases, (iv) incur indebtedness, (v) make certain loans and investments, (vi) create liens, (vii) transact with affiliates, (viii) enter into sale/leaseback transactions, (ix) make negative pledges and (x) modify subordinated debt documents.
Under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement, restricted payments, including dividends and stock repurchases, shall be permitted if (i) the Company’s leverage ratio is less than or equal to 2.50, (ii) the Company is in compliance with all other financial covenants and (iii) there are no existing defaults under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement. If its leverage ratio is more than 2.50, the Company is still permitted to fund (i) up to $30.0 million of dividend payments, (ii) stock repurchases sufficient to offset dilution created by the issuance of equity as compensation to its officer, directors, employees and consultants and (iii) an incremental $30.0 million of other cash payments.

13

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The Amended 2016 Credit Agreement contains customary events of default. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, the Borrowers may be required immediately to repay all amounts outstanding under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement and the commitments from the lenders may be terminated.
In connection with its debt refinancing in the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company repaid the remaining $43.4 million of principal outstanding under the Company’s March 13, 2013 Credit Agreement (the “2013 Credit Agreement”) and wrote off approximately $0.3 million of unamortized deferred financing fees associated with the 2013 Credit Agreement. The Company incurred $1.1 million of debt issuance costs in connection with the execution of the 2016 Credit Agreement. Such fees have been deferred and are being amortized over the five-year term.
As of September 30, 2017, there was $282.6 million of cash drawn and $18.1 million of undrawn letters of credit under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement, with $99.3 million of net availability for borrowings. As of December 31, 2016, there was $63.2 million cash drawn and $18.0 million of undrawn letters of credit under the 2016 Credit Agreement, with $243.8 million of net availability for borrowings.
As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were no borrowings against the Company’s non-U.S. lines of credit which provide for borrowings of up to $0.1 million.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, gross borrowings under the Amended 2016 Credit Agreement were $250.7 million, while there were $36.6 million of gross payments. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, gross borrowings and gross payments under the 2016 Credit Agreement were $69.8 million and $5.0 million, respectively.
Interest Rate Swap
On June 2, 2017, the Company entered into an interest rate swap (the “Swap”) with a notional amount of $150.0 million, as a means of fixing the floating interest rate component on $150.0 million of its variable-rate debt. The Swap is designated as a cash flow hedge, with a termination date of June 2, 2020. As a result of the application of hedge accounting treatment, all unrealized gains and losses related to the derivative instrument are recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive loss and are reclassified into operations in the same period in which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Hedge effectiveness is tested quarterly. We do not use derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
As more fully described within Note 13 – Fair Value Measurements, the Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The fair value of the Swap is derived from a discounted cash flow analysis based on the terms of the contract and the interest rate curve (Level 2 inputs) and measured on a recurring basis in our Consolidated Balance Sheet. At September 30, 2017, the fair value of the Swap, included in Deferred charges and other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, was $0.6 million and no ineffectiveness was recorded. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, unrealized pre-tax gains of $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, were recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income.
NOTE 6 – INCOME TAXES
The Company recognized income tax expense of $7.5 million and $5.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The increase in tax expense in the current-year quarter is largely due to higher pre-tax income levels, as well as the recognition of $0.6 million of additional tax expense associated with a change in the state tax rate in Illinois. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was 37.5%, compared to 43.2% in the prior-year quarter, when additional valuation allowance was recorded in Canada.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized income tax expense of $17.4 million and $16.2 million, respectively. The increase in tax expense in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 is largely due to higher pre-tax income levels, as well as the recognition of $0.6 million of additional tax expense associated with a change in the state tax rate in Illinois. The effective tax rate was 35.8% and 37.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

14

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

NOTE 7 – PENSIONS
The following table summarizes the components of net postretirement pension expense: 
 
U.S. Benefit Plan
 
Non-U.S. Benefit Plan
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Service cost
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.1

Interest cost
1.8

 
1.9

 
5.6

 
5.8

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
1.0

 
1.4

Amortization of actuarial loss
0.7

 
1.4

 
1.9

 
4.2

 
0.2

 
0.2

 
0.5

 
0.5

Expected return on plan assets
(2.4
)
 
(2.6
)
 
(7.2
)
 
(7.8
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(1.8
)
Net postretirement pension expense
$
0.1

 
$
0.7

 
$
0.3

 
$
2.2

 
$

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.2

In the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company contributed $3.9 million and $5.6 million to its U.S. defined benefit plan, respectively, and $0.7 million and $1.0 million to its non-U.S. defined benefit plan, respectively.
During the remainder of 2017, the Company expects to make additional contributions of up to $1.1 million to the U.S. benefit plan and up to $0.2 million to the non-U.S. benefit plan.
In September 2017, the Company executed an amendment to the Federal Signal Corporation Retirement Plan (“the Plan”), which enabled the Company to announce a limited-time voluntary lump-sum pension offering to eligible, terminated, vested plan participants. The lump-sum settlement payments will be made during the fourth quarter of 2017, using assets from the Plan. In connection with the lump-sum offering, the Company expects to incur a pre-tax, non-cash settlement charge of up to $7 million in the fourth quarter of 2017, when the lump sum settlements are expected to be paid. The Company also anticipates that the lump-sum offering will result in a decrease in the Company’s Long-term pension and other postretirement benefit liabilities, as presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
NOTE 8 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Financial Commitments
The Company provides indemnifications and other guarantees in the ordinary course of business, the terms of which range in duration and often are not explicitly defined. Specifically, the Company is occasionally required to provide letters of credit and bid and performance bonds to various customers, principally to act as security for retention levels related to casualty insurance policies and to guarantee the performance of subsidiaries that engage in export and domestic transactions. At September 30, 2017, the Company had outstanding performance and financial standby letters of credit, as well as outstanding bid and performance bonds, aggregating $21.6 million. If any such letters of credit or bonds are called, the Company would be obligated to reimburse the issuer of the letter of credit or bond. The Company believes the likelihood of any currently outstanding letter of credit or bond being called is remote.
Following the June 3, 2016 acquisition of substantially all of the assets and operations of Joe Johnson Equipment, Inc. and Joe Johnson Equipment (USA), Inc. (collectively, “JJE”), the Company has transactions involving the sale of equipment to certain of its customers which include (i) guarantees to repurchase the equipment for a fixed price at a future date and (ii) guarantees to repurchase the equipment from the third-party lender in the event of default by the customer. As of September 30, 2017, the single year and maximum potential cash payments the Company could be required to make to repurchase equipment under these agreements were $4.3 million and $4.7 million, respectively. The Company’s risk under these repurchase arrangements would be partially mitigated by the value of the products repurchased as part of the transaction. In addition, the former owners of JJE have agreed to reimburse the Company for certain losses incurred resulting from the requirement to repurchase equipment that was sold prior to the acquisition date. Any such reimbursement would be withheld from the C$8.0 million deferred payment to be made to the former owners of JJE on the third anniversary of the acquisition date. The Company has recorded an immaterial accrual for potential losses related to the repurchase exposures, which represents the expected losses that could result from obligations to repurchase products, after giving effect to proceeds anticipated to be received from the resale of those products to alternative customers, as well as to the reimbursement of any losses incurred. The Company has recorded its estimated net liability associated with losses from these guarantee and repurchase obligations on its Consolidated Balance Sheet based on historical experience and current facts and circumstances. Historical cash requirements and losses associated with these obligations have not been significant, but could increase if customer defaults exceed current expectations.

15

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

Product Warranties
The Company issues product performance warranties to customers with the sale of its products. The specific terms and conditions of these warranties vary depending upon the product sold and country in which the Company does business, with warranty periods generally ranging from one to five years. The Company estimates the costs that may be incurred under its basic limited warranty and records a liability in the amount of such costs at the time the sale of the related product is recognized. Factors that affect the Company’s warranty liability include (i) the number of units under warranty, (ii) historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims and (iii) costs per claim. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liabilities and adjusts the amounts as necessary.
The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s warranty liabilities:
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
Balance at January 1
$
6.4

 
$
7.4

Provisions to expense
4.3

 
4.0

Acquisitions
1.4

 

Payments
(4.7
)
 
(4.7
)
Balance at September 30
$
7.4

 
$
6.7


Environmental Liabilities
In May 2012, the Company sold a facility in Pearland, Texas. The facility was previously used by the Company’s discontinued Pauluhn business, which manufactured marine, offshore and industrial lighting products. The site is in the process of remediation, and it is probable that the site will incur future costs. As such, as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, environmental remediation reserves of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, have been included in liabilities of discontinued operations on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The recorded reserves are based on an undiscounted estimate of the range of costs to remediate the site, depending upon the remediation approach and other factors. The Company’s estimate may change in the near-term as more information becomes available; however, the costs are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flow.
Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to various claims, including pending and possible legal actions for product liability and other damages, and other matters arising in the ordinary course of the Company’s business. On a quarterly basis, the Company reviews uninsured material legal claims against the Company and accrues for the costs of such claims as appropriate in the exercise of management’s best judgment and experience. However, due to a lack of factual information available to the Company about a claim, or the procedural stage of a claim, it may not be possible for the Company to reasonably assess either the probability of a favorable or unfavorable outcome of the claim or to reasonably estimate the amount of loss should there be an unfavorable outcome. Therefore, for many claims, the Company cannot reasonably estimate a range of loss.
The Company believes, based on current knowledge and after consultation with counsel, that the outcome of such claims and actions will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition. However, in the event of unexpected future developments, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of such matters, if unfavorable, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition or cash flow.
Hearing Loss Litigation
The Company has been sued for monetary damages by firefighters who claim that exposure to the Company’s sirens has impaired their hearing and that the sirens are therefore defective. There were 33 cases filed during the period of 1999 through 2004, involving a total of 2,443 plaintiffs, in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois. These cases involved more than 1,800 firefighter plaintiffs from locations outside of Chicago. In 2009, six additional cases were filed in Cook County, involving 299 Pennsylvania firefighter plaintiffs. During 2013, another case was filed in Cook County involving 74 Pennsylvania firefighter plaintiffs.
The trial of the first 27 of these plaintiffs’ claims occurred in 2008, whereby a Cook County jury returned a unanimous verdict in favor of the Company.

16

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

An additional 40 Chicago firefighter plaintiffs were selected for trial in 2009. Plaintiffs’ counsel later moved to reduce the number of plaintiffs from 40 to nine. The trial for these nine plaintiffs concluded with a verdict against the Company and for the plaintiffs in varying amounts totaling $0.4 million. The Company appealed this verdict. On September 13, 2012, the Illinois Appellate Court rejected this appeal. The Company thereafter filed a petition for rehearing with the Illinois Appellate Court, which was denied on February 7, 2013. The Company sought further review by filing a petition for leave to appeal with the Illinois Supreme Court on March 14, 2013. On May 29, 2013, the Illinois Supreme Court issued a summary order declining to accept review of this case. On July 1, 2013, the Company satisfied the judgments entered for these plaintiffs, which has resulted in final dismissal of these cases.
A third consolidated trial involving eight Chicago firefighter plaintiffs occurred during November 2011. The jury returned a unanimous verdict in favor of the Company at the conclusion of this trial.
Following this trial, on March 12, 2012 the trial court entered an order certifying a class of the remaining Chicago Fire Department firefighter plaintiffs for trial on the sole issue of whether the Company’s sirens were defective and unreasonably dangerous. The Company petitioned the Illinois Appellate Court for interlocutory appeal of this ruling. On May 17, 2012, the Illinois Appellate Court accepted the Company’s petition. On June 8, 2012, plaintiffs moved to dismiss the appeal, agreeing with the Company that the trial court had erred in certifying a class action trial in this matter. Pursuant to plaintiffs’ motion, the Illinois Appellate Court reversed the trial court’s certification order.
Thereafter, the trial court scheduled a fourth consolidated trial involving three firefighter plaintiffs, which began in December 2012. Prior to the start of this trial, the claims of two of the three firefighter plaintiffs were dismissed. On December 17, 2012, the jury entered a complete defense verdict for the Company.
Following this defense verdict, plaintiffs again moved to certify a class of Chicago Fire Department plaintiffs for trial on the sole issue of whether the Company’s sirens were defective and unreasonably dangerous. Over the Company’s objection, the trial court granted plaintiffs’ motion for class certification on March 11, 2013 and scheduled a class action trial to begin on June 10, 2013. The Company filed a petition for review with the Illinois Appellate Court on March 29, 2013 seeking reversal of the class certification order.
On June 25, 2014, a unanimous three-judge panel of the First District Illinois Appellate Court issued its opinion reversing the class certification order of the trial court. Specifically, the Appellate Court determined that the trial court’s ruling failed to satisfy the class-action requirements that the common issues of the firefighters’ claims predominate over the individual issues and that there is an adequate representative for the class. During a status hearing on October 8, 2014, plaintiffs represented to the Court that they would again seek to certify a class of firefighters on the issue of whether the Company’s sirens were defective and unreasonably dangerous. On January 12, 2015, plaintiffs filed motions to amend their complaints to add class action allegations with respect to Chicago firefighter plaintiffs as well as the approximately 1,800 firefighter plaintiffs from locations outside of Chicago. On March 11, 2015, the trial court granted plaintiff’s motions to amend their complaints. Plaintiffs have indicated that they will now file motions to certify classes in these cases. On April 24, 2015, the cases were transferred to Cook County chancery court, which will decide all class certification issues. The Company intends to continue its objections to any attempt at certification.
The Company has also filed motions to dismiss cases involving firefighters who worked for fire departments located outside of the state of Illinois based on improper venue. On February 24, 2017, the Circuit Court of Cook County entered orders dismissing the cases of 1,770 such firefighter plaintiffs from the jurisdiction of the state of Illinois. Pursuant to these orders, these plaintiffs had six months thereafter to refile their cases in jurisdictions where these firefighters are located. Prior to this six-month deadline, some of the attorneys representing these plaintiffs contacted the Company regarding possible settlement of these cases. The Company has entered into a global settlement agreement with two attorneys representing approximately 1,090 of these plaintiffs. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company has offered $700 per plaintiff to settle these cases and has agreed to toll any filing deadlines for plaintiffs who accept the settlement offer. The attorneys representing these plaintiffs initially advised that 799 plaintiffs will accept this settlement amount and they will withdraw from representing plaintiffs who have not responded to the settlement offer. The Company expects this settlement to be finalized during November 2017. The Company also has filed a venue motion seeking to transfer to DuPage County cases involving 10 plaintiffs who reside and work in Illinois but outside of Cook County. The Court granted this motion on June 28, 2017.
The Company has also been sued on this issue outside of the Cook County, Illinois venue. Many of these cases have involved lawsuits filed by a single attorney in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. During 2007 and through 2009, this attorney filed a total of 71 lawsuits involving 71 plaintiffs in this jurisdiction. Three of these cases were dismissed

17

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

pursuant to pretrial motions filed by the Company. Another case was voluntarily dismissed. Prior to trial in four cases, the Company paid nominal sums to obtain dismissals.
Three trials occurred in Philadelphia involving these cases filed in 2007 through 2009. The first trial involving one of these plaintiffs occurred in 2010, when the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff. In particular, the jury found that the Company’s siren was not defectively designed, but that the Company negligently constructed the siren. The jury awarded damages in the amount of $0.1 million, which was subsequently reduced to $0.08 million. The Company appealed this verdict. Another trial, involving nine Philadelphia firefighter plaintiffs, also occurred in 2010 when the jury returned a defense verdict for the Company as to all claims and all plaintiffs involved in that trial. The third trial, also involving nine Philadelphia firefighter plaintiffs, was completed during 2010 when the jury returned a defense verdict for the Company as to all claims and all plaintiffs involved in that trial.
Following defense verdicts in the last two Philadelphia trials, the Company negotiated settlements with respect to all remaining filed cases in Philadelphia at that time, as well as other firefighter claimants represented by the attorney who filed the Philadelphia cases. On January 4, 2011, the Company entered into a Global Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with the law firm of the attorney representing the Philadelphia claimants, on behalf of 1,125 claimants the firm represented (the “Claimants”) and who had asserted product claims against the Company (the “Claims”). Three hundred eight of the Claimants had lawsuits pending against the Company in Cook County, Illinois.
The Settlement Agreement, as amended, provided that the Company pay a total amount of $3.8 million (the “Settlement Payment”) to settle the Claims (including the costs, fees and other expenses of the law firm in connection with its representation of the Claimants), subject to certain terms, conditions and procedures set forth in the Settlement Agreement. In order for the Company to be required to make the Settlement Payment: (i) each Claimant who agreed to settle his or her claims had to sign a release acceptable to the Company (a “Release”), (ii) each Claimant who agreed to the settlement and who was a plaintiff in a lawsuit, had to dismiss his or her lawsuit with prejudice, (iii) by April 29, 2011, at least 93% of the Claimants identified in the Settlement Agreement must have agreed to settle their claims and provide a signed Release to the Company and (iv) the law firm had to withdraw from representing any Claimants who did not agree to the settlement, including those who filed lawsuits. If the conditions to the settlement were met, but less than 100% of the Claimants agreed to settle their Claims and sign a Release, the Settlement Payment would be reduced by the percentage of Claimants who did not agree to the settlement.
On April 22, 2011, the Company confirmed that the terms and conditions of the Settlement Agreement had been met and made a payment of $3.6 million to conclude the settlement. The amount was based upon the Company’s receipt of 1,069 signed releases provided by Claimants, which was 95.02% of all Claimants identified in the Settlement Agreement.
The Company generally denies the allegations made in the claims and lawsuits by the Claimants and denies that its products caused any injuries to the Claimants. Nonetheless, the Company entered into the Settlement Agreement for the purpose of minimizing its expenses, including legal fees, and avoiding the inconvenience, uncertainty and distraction of the claims and lawsuits.
During April through October 2012, 20 new cases were filed in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. These cases were filed on behalf of 20 Philadelphia firefighters and involve various defendants in addition to the Company. Five of these cases were subsequently dismissed. The first trial involving these 2012 Philadelphia cases occurred during December 2014 and involved three firefighter plaintiffs. The jury returned a verdict in favor of the Company. Following this trial, all of the parties agreed to settle cases involving seven firefighter plaintiffs set for trial during January 2015 for nominal amounts per plaintiff. In January 2015, plaintiffs’ attorneys filed two new complaints in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on behalf of approximately 70 additional firefighter plaintiffs. The vast majority of the firefighters identified in these complaints are located outside of Pennsylvania. One of the complaints in these cases, which involves 11 firefighter plaintiffs from the District of Columbia, was removed to federal court in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed all claims in this case on May 31, 2016. The Company thereafter moved to recover various fees and costs in this case, asserting that plaintiffs’ counsel failed to properly investigate these claims prior to filing suit. The Court granted this motion on April 25, 2017, awarding $0.1 million to the Company. Plaintiffs’ counsel has appealed this Order. With respect to claims of other out-of-state firefighters involved in these two cases, the Company moved to dismiss these claims as improperly filed in Pennsylvania. The Court granted this motion and dismissed these claims on November 5, 2015. During August through December 2015, another nine new cases were filed in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. These cases involve a total of 193 firefighters, most of whom are located outside of Pennsylvania. The Company again moved to dismiss all claims filed by out-of-state firefighters in these cases as improperly filed in Pennsylvania. On May 24, 2016, the Court granted this motion and dismissed these claims. Plaintiffs have filed a notice of appeal regarding this decision. On May 13, 2016, four new cases were filed in Philadelphia state court, involving a total of 55 Philadelphia

18

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

firefighters who live in Pennsylvania. During August 2016, the Company settled a case involving four Philadelphia firefighters that had been set for trial in Philadelphia state court during September 2016. During 2017, plaintiffs filed additional cases in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County, involving over 100 Philadelphia firefighter plaintiffs. As of October 1, 2017, there are 11 cases involving 162 firefighters pending in this jurisdiction. During January 2017, plaintiffs filed a motion to consolidate and bifurcate, similar to a motion filed in the Pittsburgh hearing loss cases, as described below. The Company has filed an opposition to this motion. These cases also have been transferred to the mass tort program in Philadelphia for pretrial purposes. Currently, there is one case involving one plaintiff scheduled for trial during November 2017 in this jurisdiction.
During April through July 2013, additional cases were filed in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. These cases involve 247 plaintiff firefighters from Pittsburgh and various defendants, including the Company. During May 2016, two additional cases were filed against the Company in Allegheny County involving 19 Pittsburgh firefighters. After the Company filed pretrial motions, the Court dismissed claims of 55 Pittsburgh firefighter plaintiffs. The Court scheduled the first trials of these Pittsburgh firefighters to occur in May, September and November 2016. Each trial will involve eight firefighters. Prior to the first scheduled trial in Pittsburgh, the Court granted the Company’s motion for summary judgment and dismissed all claims asserted by plaintiff firefighters involved in this trial. Plaintiffs have appealed this dismissal. The next trial involving six Pittsburgh firefighters started on November 7, 2016. Shortly after this trial began, plaintiffs’ counsel moved for a mistrial because a key witness suddenly became unavailable. The Court granted this motion and rescheduled this trial for March 6, 2017. During January 2017, plaintiffs also moved to consolidate and bifurcate trials involving Pittsburgh firefighters. In particular, plaintiffs sought one trial involving liability issues which will apply to all Pittsburgh firefighters who have filed suit against the Company. The Company filed an opposition to this motion. On April 18, 2017, the trial court granted plaintiffs’ motion to bifurcate the next Pittsburgh trial. Pursuant to a motion for clarification filed by the Company, the Court ruled that the bifurcation order will only apply to six plaintiffs who are part of the next trial group in Pittsburgh. The Company thereafter sought an interlocutory appeal of the Court’s bifurcation order. The appellate court declined to accept the appeal at this time. A bifurcated trial began on September 27, 2017 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Prior to and during trial, two plaintiffs were dismissed, resulting in four plaintiffs remaining for trial. After approximately two weeks of trial, the jury found that the Company’s siren product was not defective or unreasonably dangerous and rendered a verdict in favor of the Company. The next trial in Pittsburgh is scheduled for January 2018. During March 2014, an action also was brought in the Court of Common Pleas of Erie County, Pennsylvania on behalf of 61 firefighters. This case likewise involves various defendants in addition to the Company. After the Company filed pretrial motions, 33 Erie County firefighter plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed their claims. During August 2017, five cases involving 70 firefighter plaintiffs were filed in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. These cases involve firefighter plaintiffs who originally filed in Cook County and were dismissed pursuant to the Company’s forum nonconveniens motion.

On September 17, 2014, 20 lawsuits, involving a total of 193 Buffalo Fire Department firefighters, were filed in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Erie County. All of the cases filed in Erie County, New York have been removed to federal court in the Western District of New York. Plaintiffs have filed a motion to consolidate and bifurcate these cases, similar to the motion filed in the Pittsburgh hearing loss cases, as described above. The Company has filed an opposition to the motion. During February 2015, a lawsuit involving one New York City firefighter plaintiff was filed in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, New York County. The plaintiff named the Company as well as several other parties as defendants. That case subsequently was transferred to federal court in the Northern District of New York and therefore dismissed. During April 2015 through January 2016, 29 new cases involving a total of 235 firefighters were filed in various counties in the New York City area. During December 2016 through October 2017 additional cases were filed in these jurisdictions. As of October 1, a total of 462 firefighters are currently involved in cases filed in the state of New York.
During November 2015, the Company was served with a complaint filed in Union County, New Jersey state court, involving 34 New Jersey firefighters. This case has been transferred to federal court in the District of New Jersey. During the period from January through May 2016, eight additional cases were filed in various New Jersey state courts. Most of the firefighters in these cases reside in New Jersey and work or worked at New Jersey fire departments. During December 2016, a case involving one New Jersey firefighter was filed in the United States District Court of New Jersey. As of October 1, 2017, a total of 89 firefighters are currently involved in cases filed in New Jersey. On May 2, 2017, plaintiffs filed a motion to consolidate and bifurcate in the pending federal court case in New Jersey. This motion is similar to bifurcation motions filed by plaintiffs in Pittsburgh, Buffalo and Philadelphia. The Court has denied this motion as premature. The parties have filed a petition to consolidate all New Jersey state court cases for pretrial purposes.
During May through October 2016, nine cases were filed in Suffolk County, Massachusetts state court, naming the Company as a defendant. These cases involve 194 firefighters who lived and worked in the Boston area. During August 2017, plaintiffs

19

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

filed additional cases in Suffolk County court. Currently, there are 18 cases pending in this jurisdiction involving 307 firefighter plaintiffs.
During August and September 2017, plaintiffs’ attorneys filed additional hearing loss cases in Florida. Federal Signal is the only named defendant. As of October 1, we have received notice of 12 cases, involving 103 firefighter plaintiffs, which have been filed in nine different counties in Florida. These counties include Tampa, Miami, and Orlando municipalities. Plaintiffs have agreed to stipulate that they will not seek more than $75,000 in damages in any individual plaintiff case.
From 2007 through 2009, firefighters also brought hearing loss claims against the Company in New Jersey, Missouri, Maryland and Kings County, New York. All of those cases, however, were dismissed prior to trial, including four cases in the Supreme Court of Kings County, New York that were dismissed upon the Company’s motion in 2008. On appeal, the New York appellate court affirmed the trial court’s dismissal of these cases. Plaintiffs’ attorneys have threatened to file additional lawsuits. The Company intends to vigorously defend all of these lawsuits, if filed.
The Company’s ongoing negotiations with its insurer, CNA, over insurance coverage on these claims have resulted in reimbursements of a portion of the Company’s defense costs. These reimbursements are recorded as a reduction of corporate operating expenses. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recorded $0.4 million and $0.2 million of reimbursements from CNA related to legal costs, respectively.
Latvian Commercial Dispute
On June 12, 2014, a Latvian trial court issued a summary ruling against the Company’s former Bronto subsidiary in a lawsuit relating to a commercial dispute. The dispute involves a transaction for the 2008 sale of three Bronto units that were purchased by a financing company for lease to a Latvian fire department. The lessor and the Latvian fire department sought to rescind the contract after delivery, despite the fact that an independent third party, selected by the lessor, had certified that the vehicles satisfied the terms of the contract. The adverse judgment required Bronto to refund the purchase price and pay interest and attorneys’ fees. The trial court denied the lessor’s claim against Bronto for alleged damages relating to lost lease income.
Believing that the claims against Bronto were invalid and that Bronto fully satisfied the terms of the subject contract, on July 10, 2014, the Company filed an appeal with the Civil Chamber of the Supreme Court of Latvia seeking a reversal of the trial court’s ruling.
At December 31, 2015, the Company had not accrued any liability within its consolidated financial statements for this lawsuit. In evaluating whether a charge to record a reserve was previously necessary, the Company analyzed all of the available information, including the legal reasoning applied by the judge of the trial court in reaching its decision. Based on the Company’s analysis, and consultations with external counsel, the Company assessed the likelihood of a successful appeal to be more likely than not and therefore did not believe that a probable loss had been incurred.
In connection with the sale of Bronto to Morita Holdings Corporation (“Morita”), completed in January 2016, the Company and Morita agreed that the Company would remain in control of negotiations and proceedings relating to the appeal and fund the legal costs associated therewith. The Company also agreed to compensate Morita for 50% of any liability resulting from a final and non-appealable decision of a court of competent jurisdiction, net of any actual income tax benefit to Bronto as a result of the judgment, and less 50% of legal fees incurred by the Company, relating to the defense of this matter, subsequent to the January 29, 2016 closing date of the sale.
In April 2016, the Civil Chamber of the Supreme Court of Latvia heard the Company’s appeal and upheld the trial court’s ruling against Bronto. As the Company’s appeal of the trial judgment was unsuccessful, a charge of $1.5 million was recorded as a component of Gain from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax in the nine months ended September 30, 2016, to reflect the Company’s share of the liability. The Company decided not to further appeal the Supreme Court’s ruling and, during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, settled the liability due to Morita.

20

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9 – EARNINGS PER SHARE
The Company computes earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings per Share, which requires that non-vested restricted stock containing non-forfeitable dividend rights should be treated as participating securities pursuant to the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net income is reduced by the amount of dividends declared in the period for common stock and participating securities. The remaining undistributed earnings are then allocated to common stock and participating securities as if all of the net income for the period had been distributed. The amounts of distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were insignificant and did not materially impact the calculation of basic or diluted EPS.
Basic EPS is computed by dividing income or loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and non-vested restricted stock awards outstanding for the period.
Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock and non-vested restricted stock awards outstanding for the year plus the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. The dilutive effect of common stock equivalents is determined using the more dilutive of the two-class method or alternative methods. The Company uses the treasury stock method to determine the potentially dilutive impact of our employee stock options and restricted stock units, and the contingently issuable method for our performance-based restricted stock unit awards.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, options to purchase 0.4 million and 0.8 million shares, respectively, of the Company’s common stock had an anti-dilutive effect on EPS, and accordingly, are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, options to purchase 1.3 million shares of the Company’s common stock had an anti-dilutive effect on EPS, and accordingly, are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS.
The following table reconciles Net income to basic and diluted EPS:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Income from continuing operations
$
12.5

 
$
7.5

 
$
31.2

 
$
27.3

Gain from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax

 
1.0

 

 
3.9

Net income
$
12.5

 
$
8.5

 
$
31.2

 
$
31.2

Weighted average shares outstanding – Basic
59.8

 
59.8

 
59.7

 
60.7

Dilutive effect of common stock equivalents
0.8

 
0.8

 
0.7

 
0.8

Weighted average shares outstanding – Diluted
60.6

 
60.6

 
60.4

 
61.5

Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings from continuing operations
$
0.21

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.45

Earnings from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax

 
0.02

 

 
0.06

Net earnings per share
$
0.21

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.51

Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings from continuing operations
$
0.21

 
$
0.12

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.45

Earnings from discontinued operations and disposal, net of tax

 
0.02

 

 
0.06

Net earnings per share
$
0.21

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.52

 
$
0.51

NOTE 10 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Dividends
On February 17, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per common share. The dividend totaled $4.2 million and was distributed on March 31, 2017 to holders of record at the close of business on March 10, 2017.
On April 21, 2017, the Board declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per common share. The dividend totaled $4.2 million and was distributed on June 2, 2017 to holders of record at the close of business on May 12, 2017.

21

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

On July 25, 2017, the Board declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per common share. The dividend totaled $4.2 million and was distributed on September 6, 2017 to holders of record at the close of business on August 15, 2017.
On October 24, 2017, the Board declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per common share payable on December 5, 2017 to holders of record at the close of business on November 14, 2017.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, dividends of $4.2 million and $12.8 million, respectively, were paid to stockholders.
Stock Repurchase Program
In November 2014, the Board authorized a stock repurchase program (the “November 2014 program”) of up to $75.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The November 2014 program is intended primarily to facilitate opportunistic purchases of Company stock as a means to provide cash returns to stockholders, enhance stockholder returns and manage the Company’s capital structure.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company repurchased 50,882 and 2,631,607 shares for a total of $0.7 million and $33.8 million, respectively, under the November 2014 program. No shares were repurchased in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.
Under its stock repurchase programs, the Company is authorized to repurchase, from time to time, shares of its outstanding common stock in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. Stock repurchases by the Company are subject to market conditions and other factors and may be commenced, suspended or discontinued at any time.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following tables summarize the changes in each component of Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
(in millions) (a)
Actuarial Losses
 
Foreign
Currency Translation
 
Unrealized
Gain on
Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at July 1, 2017
$
(78.9
)
 
$
(6.8
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
(85.5
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(0.7
)
 
3.3

 
0.2

 
2.8

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
0.6

 

 

 
0.6

Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income
(0.1
)
 
3.3

 
0.2

 
3.4

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
(79.0
)
 
$
(3.5
)
 
$
0.4

 
$
(82.1
)
(in millions) (a)
Actuarial Losses
 
Foreign
Currency Translation
 
Unrealized
Gain on
Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at July 1, 2016
$
(71.8
)
 
$
(7.3
)
 
$

 
$
(79.1
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
0.3

 
(0.9
)
 

 
(0.6
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
1.0

 

 

 
1.0

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
1.3

 
(0.9
)
 

 
0.4

Balance at September 30, 2016
$
(70.5
)
 
$
(8.2
)
 
$

 
$
(78.7
)
(in millions) (a)
Actuarial Losses
 
Foreign
Currency Translation
 
Unrealized
Gain on
Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2017
$
(79.0
)
 
$
(13.0
)
 
$

 
$
(92.0
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(1.6
)
 
9.5

 
0.4

 
8.3

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
1.6

 

 

 
1.6

Net current-period other comprehensive income

 
9.5

 
0.4

 
9.9

Balance at September 30, 2017
$
(79.0
)
 
$
(3.5
)
 
$
0.4

 
$
(82.1
)

22

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

(in millions) (a)
Actuarial Losses (b)
 
Foreign
Currency Translation
 (c)
 
Unrealized
Gain on
Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2016
$
(75.6
)
 
$
(13.3
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(88.8
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
1.7

 
(2.3
)
 

 
(0.6
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
3.4

 
7.4

 
(0.1
)
 
10.7

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
5.1

 
5.1

 
(0.1
)
 
10.1

Balance at September 30, 2016
$
(70.5
)
 
$
(8.2
)
 
$

 
$
(78.7
)
(a)
Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.
(b)
In connection with the sale of Bronto, the Company recognized an actuarial loss of $0.4 million attributable to Bronto’s defined benefit plan and included it in the calculation of the associated gain on disposal in the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
(c)
The Company recognized a foreign currency translation loss of $7.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 in connection with the sale of Bronto. The recognition of the translation loss, which represented the cumulative translation effects attributable to the Fire Rescue Group, was included in Gain (loss) from discontinued operations and disposal for the applicable period.
The following table summarizes the amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, in the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the affected line item in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Components
 
Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Affected Line Item in Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (a)
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
(in millions) (b)
 
 
Amortization of actuarial losses of defined benefit pension plans
 
$
(0.9
)
 
$
(1.6
)
 
  (c)
Total before tax
 
(0.9
)
 
(1.6
)
 
 
Income tax benefit
 
0.3

 
0.6

 
Income tax expense
Total reclassifications for the period, net of tax
 
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(1.0
)
 
 
(a)
Continuing operations only.
(b)
Amounts in parentheses indicate debits to profit/loss.
(c)
The actuarial loss components of Accumulated other comprehensive loss are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, as disclosed in Note 7 – Pensions.
The following table summarizes the amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the affected line item in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Components
 
Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Affected Line Item in Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (a)
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
(in millions) (b)
 
 
Amortization of actuarial losses of defined benefit pension plans
 
$
(2.4
)
 
$
(4.7
)
 
  (c)
Recognition of deferred gain on interest rate swap
 

 
0.1

 
Other income, net
Total before tax
 
(2.4
)
 
(4.6
)
 
 
Income tax benefit
 
0.8

 
1.6

 
Income tax expense
Total reclassifications for the period, net of tax
 
$
(1.6
)
 
$
(3.0
)
 
 
(a)
Continuing operations only.
(b)
Amounts in parentheses indicate debits to profit/loss.
(c)
The actuarial loss components of Accumulated other comprehensive loss are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, as disclosed in Note 7 – Pensions.

23

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11 – SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company has two operating segments, and the Company’s reportable segments are consistent with those operating segments. Business units are organized under each segment because they share certain characteristics, such as technology, marketing, distribution and product application, which create long-term synergies. The principal activities of the Company’s operating segments are as follows:
Environmental Solutions — Our Environmental Solutions Group is a leading manufacturer and supplier of a full range of street sweeper vehicles, sewer cleaner and vacuum loader trucks, hydro-excavation trucks and high-performance waterblasting equipment. The Group manufactures vehicles and equipment in the U.S. and Canada that are sold under the Elgin®, Vactor®, Guzzler®, WestechTM and Jetstream® brand names. Products are sold to both municipal and industrial customers either through a dealer network or direct sales to service customers generally depending on the type and geographic location of the customer. The acquisition of JJE extends the Environmental Solutions Group’s existing sales channel and increases the number of service centers through which its parts, service and rental offerings can be provided to current and potential customers. The acquisition also broadens the Environmental Solutions Group’s product offerings to include other products, such as refuse and recycling collection vehicles, camera systems, ice-making equipment and snow-removal equipment.
In addition, as discussed in Note 2 – Acquisitions, on June 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of TBEI. TBEI is a leading U.S. manufacturer of dump truck bodies and trailers serving maintenance and infrastructure end-markets. The Company expects that the acquisition will enable it to strengthen the Environmental Solutions Group’s market position as a specialty vehicle manufacturer in maintenance and infrastructure end-markets, leveraging its expertise in building chassis-based vehicles.
As discussed in Note 2 – Acquisitions, the assets and liabilities of TBEI have been consolidated into the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2017, while the post-acquisition results of operations have been included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, within the Environmental Solutions Group, subsequent to the June 2, 2017 closing date. We are in the process of determining the impact, if any, that the TBEI acquisition may have on our reportable segments.
Safety and Security Systems — Our Safety and Security Systems Group is a leading manufacturer and supplier of comprehensive systems and products that law enforcement, fire rescue, emergency medical services, campuses, military facilities and industrial sites use to protect people and property. Offerings include systems for campus and community alerting, emergency vehicles, first responder interoperable communications and industrial communications, as well as command and municipal networked security. Specific products include vehicle lightbars and sirens, public warning sirens, general alarm systems, public address systems and public safety software. Products are sold under the Federal SignalTM, Federal Signal VAMA® and Victor® brand names. The Group operates manufacturing facilities in the U.S., Europe and South Africa.
Corporate contains those items that are not included in our operating segments.
Net sales by operating segment reflect sales of products and services to external customers, as reported in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. Intersegment sales are insignificant. The Company evaluates performance based on operating income of the respective segment. Operating income includes all revenues, costs and expenses directly related to the segment involved. In determining operating segment income, neither corporate nor interest expenses are included. The accounting policies of each operating segment are the same as those described in Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

24

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The following tables summarize the Company’s continuing operations by segment, including Net sales, Operating income (loss), and Total assets:
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Solutions
$
198.5

 
$
134.3

 
$
500.6

 
$
369.1

Safety and Security Systems
50.2

 
52.4

 
150.3

 
162.7

Total net sales
$
248.7

 
$
186.7

 
$
650.9

 
$
531.8

Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Solutions
$
21.2

 
$
12.5

 
$
52.5

 
$
43.9

Safety and Security Systems
6.1

 
6.5

 
18.1

 
18.0

Corporate and eliminations
(5.1
)
 
(5.5
)
 
(18.4
)
 
(18.0
)
Total operating income
22.2

 
13.5

 
52.2

 
43.9

Interest expense
2.7

 
0.6

 
4.6

 
1.4

Debt settlement charges

 

 

 
0.3

Other income, net
(0.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(1.3
)
Income before income taxes
$
20.0

 
$
13.2

 
$
48.6

 
$
43.5

(in millions)
As of 
 September 30, 2017
 
As of December 31, 2016
Total assets:
 
 
 
Environmental Solutions
$
761.6

 
$
393.3

Safety and Security Systems
206.3

 
200.1

Corporate and eliminations
28.3

 
48.7

Total assets of continuing operations
996.2

 
642.1

Total assets of discontinued operations
1.0

 
1.1

Total assets
$
997.2

 
$
643.2

NOTE 12 – RESTRUCTURING
The Company continues to review its businesses for opportunities to reduce operating expenses and focus on executing its strategy based on core competencies and cost efficiencies.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company recorded expenses of $0.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively, primarily related to the closure of a manufacturing facility within the Safety and Security Systems Group. The Company anticipates that the closure of the facility will be completed during 2017 and does not expect any related future costs to be material. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded expenses of $0.4 million and $1.6 million related to severance costs incurred in connection with a cost reduction plan within the Safety and Security Systems Group.
The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s restructuring reserves, which are included within Other current liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
2017
 
2016
Balance at January 1
$
0.4

 
$

Charge to expense
0.5

 
1.6

Cash payments
(0.7
)
 
(1.2
)
Balance at September 30
$
0.2

 
$
0.4


25

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

NOTE 13 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. This hierarchy maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs. Observable inputs are developed based on market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s assumptions about valuation based on the best information available in the circumstances. The three levels of inputs are classified as follows:
Level 1 — quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2 — observable inputs, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data; and
Level 3 — unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities, including certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
In determining fair value, the Company uses various valuation approaches within the fair value measurement framework. The valuation methodologies used for the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value and their classification in the valuation hierarchy are summarized below:
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents primarily consist of time-based deposits and interest-bearing instruments with maturities of three months or less. The Company classified cash equivalents as Level 1 due to the short-term nature of these instruments and measured the fair value based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets.
Interest Rate Swap
As described in Note 5 – Debt, the Company entered into an interest rate swap as a means of fixing the floating interest rate component on a portion of its floating-rate debt. The Company classified the interest rate swap as Level 2 due to the use of a discounted cash flow model based on the terms of the contract and the interest rate curve (Level 2 inputs) to calculate the fair value of the swap.
Contingent Consideration
The Company has a contingent obligation to transfer cash to the former owners of JJE if specified financial results are met over future reporting periods (i.e., an earn-out). Liabilities for contingent consideration are measured at fair value each reporting period, with the acquisition-date fair value included as part of the consideration transferred. Subsequent changes in fair value are recorded as a component of Acquisition and integration-related expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company uses an income approach to value the contingent consideration obligation based on future financial performance, which is determined based on the present value of expected future cash flows. Due to the lack of relevant observable market data over fair value inputs, the Company has classified the contingent consideration liability within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy outlined in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements. Increases in the expected payout under a contingent consideration arrangement contribute to increases in the fair value of the related liability. Conversely, decreases in the expected payout under a contingent consideration arrangement contribute to decreases in the fair value of the related liability. Changes in assumptions could have an impact on the fair value of the contingent consideration, which has a maximum payout of C$10.0 million (approximately $8.0 million).

26

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The following tables summarize the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2017:
 
Fair Value Measurement at Reporting Date Using
(in millions)
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
4.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
4.7

Interest rate swap

 
0.6

 

 
0.6

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration

 

 
6.2

 
6.2

The following table provides a roll-forward of the fair value of recurring Level 3 fair value measurements in the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
Contingent consideration liability, at July 1
$
5.7

 
$
5.0

Issuance of contingent consideration in connection with acquisitions

 

Settlements of contingent consideration liabilities

 

Foreign currency translation
0.4

 
(0.1
)
Total losses included in earnings (a)
0.1

 
0.2

Contingent consideration liability, at September 30
$
6.2

 
$
5.1

(a)
Changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities are included as a component of Acquisition and integration-related expenses within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The following table provides a roll-forward of the fair value of recurring Level 3 fair value measurements in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:
(in millions)
2017
 
2016
Contingent consideration liability, at January 1
$
5.1

 
$

Issuance of contingent consideration in connection with acquisitions

 
4.9

Settlements of contingent consideration liabilities

 

Foreign currency translation
0.5

 

Total losses included in earnings (a)
0.6

 
0.2

Contingent consideration liability, at September 30
$
6.2

 
$
5.1

(a)
Changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities are included as a component of Acquisition and integration-related expenses within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
NOTE 14 – DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
In the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded a net gain from discontinued operations and disposal of $1.0 million, primarily related to adjustments of uncertain tax position reserves following the expiration of statute of limitations.
The Company recorded a net gain from discontinued operations and disposal of $3.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2016, primarily driven by the $4.0 million net gain on disposal of the Fire Rescue Group, which was discontinued in 2015, partially offset by the $0.6 million net loss that the Fire Rescue Group realized in its 2016 operations up to the January 29, 2016 sale completion date. The net gain on disposal includes a $1.5 million charge to recognize a liability in connection with a Latvian commercial dispute. Also contributing to the net gain in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was a reduction in uncertain tax position reserves of approximately $1.0 million.

27

FEDERAL SIGNAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the operating results of the Company’s discontinued Fire Rescue Group for the nine months ended September 30, 2016:
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30, 2016
(a)
(in millions)
Net sales
$
4.2

Cost of sales
3.9

Gross profit
0.3

Selling, engineering, general and administrative expenses
1.1

Operating loss
(0.8
)
Other (income) expense, net

Loss before income taxes
(0.8
)
Income tax benefit
(0.2
)
Net loss from operations
$
(0.6
)
(a)
Only includes activity in the period up to the completion of the sale on January 29, 2016.
Assets and liabilities of discontinued operations
The following table presents the assets and liabilities of the Company’s discontinued operations, which include the Fire Rescue Group, as well as other operations discontinued in prior periods, as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016:
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
(in millions)
Fire Rescue
 
Other
 
Total
 
Fire Rescue
 
Other
 
Total
Deferred tax assets
$

 
$
1.0

 
$
1.0

 
$

 
$
1.1

 
$
1.1

Long-term assets of discontinued operations
$

 
$
1.0

 
$
1.0

 
$

 
$
1.1

 
$
1.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued liabilities:


 


 


 


 


 


Other current liabilities
$

 
$
0.8

 
$
0.8

 
$
1.3

 
$
0.8

 
$
2.1

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
$

 
$
0.8

 
$
0.8

 
$
1.3

 
$
0.8

 
$
2.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term liabilities
$

 
$
1.8

 
$
1.8

 
$

 
$
2.0

 
$
2.0

Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations
$

 
$
1.8

 
$
1.8

 
$

 
$
2.0

 
$
2.0

The Company retains certain liabilities for other operations discontinued in prior periods, primarily for environmental remediation and product liability. Included in liabilities of discontinued operations at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 is $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, related to environmental remediation at the Pearland, Texas facility, and $1.8 million and $1.8 million, respectively, relating to estimated product liability obligations of the discontinued North American refuse truck body business.

28


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is designed to provide information that is supplemental to, and should be read together with, the condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes contained in this Form 10-Q, as well as the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. Information in MD&A is intended to assist the reader in obtaining an understanding of (i) the condensed consolidated financial statements, (ii) the Company’s business segments and how the results of those segments impact the Company’s results of operations and financial condition as a whole and (iii) how certain accounting principles affect the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company’s results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of annual operating results.
Executive Summary
The Company is a leading global manufacturer and supplier of (i) sewer cleaners, vacuum trucks, street sweepers and other environmental vehicles and equipment and (ii) safety, security and communication equipment. We also are a designer and supplier of technology-based products and services for the public safety market. Following the June 2016 acquisition of JJE, the Company also distributes and re-sells products manufactured by other companies, which include refuse and recycling collection vehicles, camera systems, ice resurfacing equipment and snow-removal equipment. In addition, we sell parts and provide service, repair, equipment rentals and training as part of a comprehensive offering to our customer base.
On June 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of TBEI, a leading U.S. manufacturer of dump truck bodies and trailers serving maintenance and infrastructure end-markets. The Company expects that the acquisition of TBEI will enable it to strengthen its market position as a specialty vehicle manufacturer in maintenance and infrastructure markets, leverage its expertise in building chassis-based vehicles and balance the mix of revenues it generates from municipal and industrial markets.
We operate 14 manufacturing facilities in five countries around the world and provide products and integrated solutions to municipal, governmental, industrial and commercial customers in all regions of the world.
As described in Note 11 – Segment Information to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company’s business units are organized and managed in two operating segments: the Environmental Solutions Group and the Safety and Security Systems Group.
Net sales increased by $62.0 million, or 33%, in the three months ended September 30, 2017 as compared to the prior-year quarter. Our Environmental Solutions Group reported a net sales increase of $64.2 million, or 48%, largely due to the addition of $47.2 million of net sales from TBEI, and an increase in shipments of sewer cleaners, vacuum trucks and street sweepers in the U.S. Within our Safety and Security Systems Group, net sales decreased by $2.2 million, or 4%, primarily due to lower global sales of public safety products.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, net sales increased by $119.1 million, or 22%. Within our Environmental Solutions Group, net sales increased by $131.5 million, or 36%, largely due to approximately $56 million of incremental net sales resulting from the JJE acquisition, which was completed in June 2016, the addition of $65.3 million of net sales from the TBEI acquisition and improved sales of sewer cleaners and vacuum trucks in the U.S., partially offset by lower domestic shipments of street sweepers. In our Safety and Security Systems Group, net sales decreased by $12.4 million, or 8%, primarily due to lower sales into global public safety markets and fewer sales of industrial products into international markets.
Operating income increased by $8.7 million, or 64%, to $22.2 million in the three months ended September 30, 2017 as compared to the prior-year quarter, primarily driven by a $8.7 million increase within our Environmental Solutions Group associated with increased sales volumes and a $3.1 million operating income contribution from TBEI. TBEI’s operating income contribution in the third quarter included the effects of amortization expense on intangible assets acquired, which contributed to an increase in the Environmental Solutions Group’s depreciation and amortization expense of $3.2 million, and the recognition of purchase accounting expense effects. Overall, purchase accounting expense effects were approximately $1 million lower than the prior-year quarter. Operating income in the three months ended September 30, 2017 within our Safety and Security Systems Group decreased by $0.4 million, while corporate expenses decreased by $0.4 million. Consolidated operating margin for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was 8.9%, up from 7.2% in the prior-year quarter.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, operating income increased by $8.3 million, or 19%, to $52.2 million, primarily driven by a $8.6 million operating income improvement within our Environmental Solutions Group, associated with increased sales volumes, a $3.9 million operating income contribution from TBEI and the effects of including nine months of operating income from JJE in 2017, compared to only four months in the prior-year period. TBEI’s operating income contribution in the current-year period included the effects of amortization expense on intangible assets acquired, which,

29


coupled with the increased JJE activity, contributed to an increase in the Environmental Solutions Group’s depreciation and amortization expense of $8.5 million. In addition, there was a $1.5 million increase in purchase accounting expense effects and a $0.4 million increase in acquisition-related costs in the current-year period. Within our Safety and Security Systems Group, operating income in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 increased by $0.1 million, where reductions in selling, engineering, general and administrative (“SEG&A”) expenses and restructuring expenses of $0.2 million and $1.1 million, respectively, more than offset a $1.2 million decrease in gross profit. Corporate expenses in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 increased by $0.4 million, primarily due to a $0.6 million increase in acquisition-related expenses. Consolidated operating margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, inclusive of the incremental depreciation and amortization, purchase accounting expense effects and acquisition costs, was 8.0%, compared to 8.3% in the prior-year period.
Income before income taxes increased by $6.8 million, or 52%, to $20.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 as compared to the prior-year quarter. The increase resulted from the higher operating income and a $0.2 million increase in other income, partially offset by a $2.1 million increase in interest expense, associated with higher average debt levels following the acquisition of TBEI. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, income before income taxes increased by $5.1 million compared to the prior-year period, primarily due to a $8.3 million improvement in operating income, partially offset by a $3.2 million increase in interest expense.
Net income from continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 was impacted by increases in income tax expense of $1.8 million and $1.2 million, respectively, largely due to higher pre-tax income levels, as well as the recognition of $0.6 million of additional tax expense associated with a change in the state tax rate in Illinois. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was 37.5%, compared to 43.2% in the prior-year quarter, when additional valuation allowance was recorded in Canada. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was 35.8%, compared to 37.2% in the prior-year period.
Total orders for the three months ended September 30, 2017 were $229.6 million, an increase of $43.5 million, or 23%, compared to the prior-year quarter. Our Environmental Solutions Group reported total orders of $178.2 million in the third quarter of 2017, an increase of $42.2 million, or 31%, compared to the prior-year quarter, primarily driven by the TBEI acquisition and organic order growth of approximately $11 million, or 9%. Orders in the three months ended September 30, 2017 within our Safety and Security Systems Group were up $1.3 million, primarily due to improved international orders for industrial products.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, total orders were $715.3 million, an increase of $206.2 million, or 41%, compared to the prior-year period. Our Environmental Solutions Group reported total orders of $559.5 million in the first nine months of 2017, an increase of $205.0 million, or 58%, compared to the prior-year quarter. The improvement was driven by the TBEI acquisition, which added $99 million in orders, a net increase in orders of