10-Q 1 pyco_10q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT Blueprint
 

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended: May 31, 2017
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from __________ to __________
 
Commission file number 0-8814
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Colorado
 
84-0705083
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
34501 E. Quincy Avenue, Bldg. 34, Box 10, Watkins, CO
 
80137
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(303) 292 – 3456
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☑ No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 Large accelerated filer
 ☐
 Accelerated filer
 ☑
 Non-accelerated filer
 ☐
 Smaller reporting company
 ☐
 (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) 
 Emerging growth company
 ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☑
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of July 06, 2017:
 
 Common stock, 1/3 of $.01 par value
 
 23,754,098
 (Class)
 
 (Number of Shares)
 
 

 
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
INDEX TO MAY 31, 2016 FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
Page 
 
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
1
 
 
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements
1
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets:
May 31, 2017 (unaudited) and August 31, 2016
1
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss):
For the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)
2
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Equity:
For the nine months ended May 31, 2017 (unaudited)
3
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
For the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)
4
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
5

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
19
 
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
32
 
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
32
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
33
 
 
Item 6. Exhibits
33
 
 
SIGNATURES
34
 
 
 
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
ASSETS:
 
May 31,
2017
 
 
August 31,
2016
 
Current assets:
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
  Cash and cash equivalents
 $5,747,551 
 $4,697,288 
  Short-term investments
  20,232,935 
  23,176,450 
  Trade accounts receivable
  61,554 
  181,006 
  Prepaid expenses
  515,445 
  350,819 
  Assets of discontinued operations
  560,543 
  680,287 
  Total current assets
  27,118,028 
  29,085,850 
 
    
    
Long-term investments
  1,430,177 
  6,853,276 
Investments in water and water systems, net
  34,343,476 
  28,321,926 
Land and mineral interests
  5,618,800 
  5,345,800 
Notes receivable - related parties, including accrued interest
  905,503 
  800,369 
Other assets
  451,072 
  472,393 
  Total assets
 $69,867,056 
 $70,879,614 
 
    
    
LIABILITIES:
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
  Accounts payable
 $445,485 
 $160,390 
  Accrued liabilities
  70,807 
  242,624 
  Deferred revenues
  55,800 
  55,800 
  Deferred oil and gas lease payment
  1,000 
  19,000 
  Liabilities of discontinued operations
  8,646 
  4,394 
  Total current liabilities
  581,738 
  482,208 
 
    
    
Deferred revenues, less current portion
  1,013,639 
  1,055,491 
Participating Interests in Export Water Supply
  341,864 
  343,966 
  Total liabilities
  1,937,241 
  1,881,665 
 
    
    
Commitments and contingencies
    
    
 
    
    
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
    
    
Preferred stock:
    
    
  Series B - par value $.001 per share, 25 million shares authorized;
    
    
  432,513 shares issued and outstanding
    
    
  (liquidation preference of $432,513)
  433 
  433 
Common stock:
    
    
  Par value 1/3 of $.01 per share, 40 million shares authorized;
    
    
  23,754,098 and 23,754,098 shares outstanding, respectively
  79,185 
  79,185 
Additional paid-in capital
  171,366,275 
  171,198,241 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
  (23,366)
  3,122 
Accumulated deficit
  (103,492,712)
  (102,283,032)
  Total shareholders' equity
  67,929,815 
  68,997,949 
  Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 $69,867,056 
 $70,879,614 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
1
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended May 31,
 
 
Nine Months Ended May 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Metered water usage
 $47,695 
 $35,659 
 $379,462 
 $119,832 
  Wastewater treatment fees
  6,967 
  10,537 
  30,516 
  31,540 
  Special facility funding recognized
  10,377 
  10,377 
  31,131 
  31,131 
  Water tap fees recognized
  46,978 
  3,574 
  54,125 
  10,721 
  Other
  21,991 
  40,705 
  74,952 
  109,980 
  Total revenues
  134,008 
  100,852 
  570,186 
  303,204 
 
    
    
    
    
Expenses:
    
    
    
    
  Water service operations
  (76,878)
  (65,184)
  (234,444)
  (190,976)
  Wastewater service operations
  (7,509)
  (7,286)
  (22,478)
  (20,555)
  Depletion and depreciation
  (69,013)
  (41,604)
  (178,394)
  (124,834)
  Other
  (13,649)
  (20,763)
  (45,921)
  (51,373)
  Total cost of revenues
  (167,049)
  (134,837)
  (481,237)
  (387,738)
Gross (loss) profit
  (33,041)
  (33,985)
  88,949 
  (84,534)
 
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
  (518,625)
  (431,737)
  (1,411,410)
  (1,294,585)
Depreciation
  (79,388)
  (67,172)
  (227,643)
  (182,999)
Operating loss
  (631,054)
  (532,894)
  (1,550,104)
  (1,562,118)
 
    
    
    
    
Other income (expense):
    
    
    
    
  Oil and gas lease income, net
  6,000 
  31,905 
  17,265 
  354,765 
  Oil and gas royalty income, net
  24,935 
  76,400 
  164,338 
  271,002 
  Interest income
  59,578 
  66,253 
  199,242 
  175,356 
  Other
  (2,600)
  (2,671)
  (7,814)
  (8,004)
  Net loss from continuing operations
  (543,141)
  (361,007)
  (1,177,073)
  (768,999)
  Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes
  (11,275)
  (61,263)
  (32,607)
  (21,511)
  Net loss
 $(554,416)
 $(422,270)
 $(1,209,680)
 $(790,510)
  Unrealized holding gains (losses)
  8,404 
  (35,517)
  (26,488)
  (23,335)
  Total comprehensive loss
 $(546,012)
 $(457,787)
 $(1,236,168)
 $(813,845)
 
    
    
    
    
  Basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share –
    
    
    
    
  Loss from continuing operations
 $(0.02)
 $(0.02)
 $(0.05)
 $(0.03)
  (Loss) earnings from discontinued operations
  * 
  * 
  * 
  * 
  Net loss
 $(0.02)
 $(0.02)
 $(0.05)
 $(0.03)
 
    
    
    
    
  Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic
  23,754,098 
  23,754,098 
  23,754,098 
  23,795,627 
  Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted
  23,754,098 
  23,754,098 
  23,754,098 
  23,795,627 
 
* Amount is less than $.01 per share
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
2
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Nine months ended May 31, 2017
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
Accumulated  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional 
 
 
 Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Preferred Stock  
 
 
 Common Stock  
 
 
Paid-in 
 
 
Comprehensive 
 
 
Accumulated 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Loss
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
August 31, 2016 balance:
  432,513 
 $433 
  23,754,098 
 $79,185 
 $171,198,241 
 $3,122 
 $(102,283,032)
 $68,997,949 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  168,034 
   
   
  168,034 
Net loss
   
   
   
   
   
   
  (1,209,680)
  (1,209,680)
Unrealized holding loss on investments
   
   
   
   
   
  (26,488)
   
  (26,488)
May 31, 2017 balance:
  432,513 
 $433 
  23,754,098 
 $79,185 
 $171,366,275 
 $(23,366)
 $(103,492,712)
 $67,929,815 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
3
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended May 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Net loss
 $(1,209,680)
 $(790,510)
  Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash
    
    
  used in operating activities:
    
    
  Depreciation and depletion
  405,167 
  307,834 
  Investment in Well Enhancement Recover Systems, LLC
  7,652 
  8,004 
  Stock-based compensation expense
  168,034 
  167,061 
  Interest income and other non-cash items
  (26,641)
  (37,299)
  Interest added to receivable from related parties
  (18,316)
  (22,503)
  Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
  Trade accounts receivable
  119,452 
  248,731 
  Prepaid expenses
  (164,626)
  (145,826)
  Notes receivable - related parties
  (86,818)
  (26,483)
  Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  (90,322)
  (486,170)
  Income taxes
  - 
  (292,729)
  Deferred revenues
  (41,852)
  (41,852)
  Deferred oil and gas lease payment
  (18,000)
  (354,765)
  Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations
  (955,950)
  (1,466,507)
  Net cash provided by operating activities from discontinued operations
  116,706 
  1,251,527 
  Net cash used in operating activities
  (839,244)
  (214,980)
 
    
    
Cash flows from investing activities:
    
    
  Sale (purchase) of short-term investments
  8,366,614 
  (23,142,484)
  Purchase of long-term investments
  - 
  (7,026,424)
  Investments in Sky Ranch pipeline
  (4,101,010)
    
  Investments in Sky Ranch land development
  (378,600)
    
  Investments in water, water systems, and land
  (1,918,153)
  (695,746)
  Purchase of property and equipment
  (77,242)
  (441,768)
  Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities from continuing operations
  1,891,609 
  (31,306,422)
  Net cash used in investing activities from discontinued operations
  - 
  (451,347)
  Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
  1,891,609 
  (31,757,769)
 
    
    
Cash flows from financing activities:
    
    
  Payments to contingent liability holders
  (2,102)
  (1,629)
  Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations
  (2,102)
  (1,629)
  Net cash provided by financing activities from discontinued operations
  - 
  - 
  Net cash used in financing activities
  (2,102)
  (1,629)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
  1,050,263 
  (31,974,378)
Cash and cash equivalents – beginning of period
  4,697,288 
  37,089,041 
Cash and cash equivalents – end of period
 $5,747,551 
 $5,114,663 
 
    
    
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLSOURES OF NON-CASH ACTIVITIES
    
    
  Investment in Sky Ranch pipeline through accounts payable
 $210,889 
 $- 
  Retirement of collateral stock
 $- 
 $1,407,000 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
4
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
NOTE 1 – PRESENTATION OF INTERIM INFORMATION
 
The May 31, 2017 consolidated balance sheet, the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, the consolidated statement of shareholders’ equity for the nine months ended May 31, 2017, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016 have been prepared by Pure Cycle Corporation (the “Company”) and have not been audited. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at May 31, 2017, and for all periods presented.
 
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2016 (the “2016 Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on October 28, 2016. The results of operations for interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year. The August 31, 2016 balance sheet was derived from the Company’s audited financial statements.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less. The Company’s cash equivalents are comprised entirely of money market funds maintained at a financially stable financial institution. At various times during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, the Company’s main operating account exceeded federally insured limits. The Company has never suffered a loss due to such excess balance.
 
Investments
 
Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments in certificates of deposit and debt and equity securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such determinations each reporting period.
 
Certificates of deposit and debt securities are classified as held-to-maturity when the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. The Company has $1,430,000 of investments classified as held-to-maturity at May 31, 2017, that represent certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury notes with maturity dates after May 31, 2018. Certificates of deposit and debt securities that the Company does not have the positive intent or ability to hold to maturity are classified as available-for-sale, along with any investments in equity securities. Securities classified as available-for-sale are marked-to-market at each reporting period. Changes in value on such securities are recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. The Company’s debt securities mature at various dates through July 2018.
 
Concentration of Credit Risk and Fair Value
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and investments. From time to time, the Company places its cash in money market instruments, commercial paper obligations, corporate bonds and U.S. government treasury obligations. To date, the Company has not experienced significant losses on any of these investments.
 
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument for which it is practicable to estimate that value.
 
 
5
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents – The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are reported using the values as reported by the financial institution where the funds are held. These securities primarily include balances in the Company’s operating and savings accounts. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value.
 
Trade Accounts Receivable – The carrying amount of the trade accounts receivable approximate their fair value due to the relatively short term nature of the receivables. The Company records accounts receivable net of allowances for uncollectible accounts.
 
Investments – The carrying amounts of investments are recorded at fair value. Investments are described further in Note 2 – Fair Value Measurements.
 
Accounts Payable – The carrying amounts of accounts payable approximate fair value due to the relatively short period to maturity for these instruments.
 
Long-Term Financial Liabilities The Comprehensive Amendment Agreement No. 1 (the “CAA”) is comprised of a recorded balance sheet and an off-balance sheet or “contingent” obligation associated with the Company’s acquisition of its “Rangeview Water Supply” (defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets to the 2016 Annual Report). The amount payable is a fixed amount but is repayable only upon the sale of “Export Water” (defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report). Because of the uncertainty of the sale of Export Water, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. The CAA is described further in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.
 
Notes Receivable – Related Parties The market value of the Notes receivable – related parties from Rangeview Metropolitan District (“Rangeview”) and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 are not practical to estimate due to the related party nature of the underlying transactions.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Instruments – The Company’s off-balance sheet instruments consist entirely of the contingent portion of the CAA. Because repayment of this portion of the CAA is contingent on the sale of Export Water, which is not reasonably estimable, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. See further discussion in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Wholesale Water and Wastewater Fees – Monthly wholesale water usage charges are assessed to the Company’s customers based on actual metered usage each month plus a base monthly service fee. The Company recognizes wholesale water usage revenues upon delivering water to its customers or its governmental customer’s end-use customers, as applicable. The Company recognized $47,700 and $35,700 of metered water usage revenues during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company recognized $379,500 and $119,800 of metered water usage revenues during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
The Company recognizes wastewater treatment fees monthly based on usage. The monthly wastewater treatment fees are shown net of amounts retained by Rangeview. The Company recognized $7,000 and $10,500 of wastewater treatment fees during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company recognized $30,500 and $31,500 of wastewater treatment fees during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Costs of delivering water and providing wastewater services to customers are recognized as incurred. For the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, the Company recognized approximately $13,000 and $18,000, respectively, of water revenue related to its Wild Pointe Service Agreement (as defined in Note 3 – Water and Land Assets below).
 
Tap Fees – The Company has various water and wastewater service agreements, a component of which may include tap fees, or system development fees, which are non-refundable and are typically used to fund construction of certain facilities and defray the acquisition costs of obtaining water rights. Tap fees are typically paid at the time the customer receives a building permit that allows the customer or developer to connect to the Company’s wholesale water or wastewater systems.
 
Construction Fees – The Company may also receive certain construction fees which are fees used by the Company to construct assets that are typically required to be constructed by developers or home builders and are separate from tap fees. Construction fees are usually required for specific facilities that are needed to extend water or wastewater service to individual users and that are not available to all users of the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater system. Construction fees are typically identified separately in our water and wastewater service agreements.
 
 
6
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
Proceeds from tap fees and construction fees are deferred upon receipt and recognized in income either upon completion of construction of infrastructure or ratably over time, depending on whether the Company or a customer owns the infrastructure constructed with the proceeds.
 
Tap and construction fees derived from agreements pursuant to which the Company will not own the assets constructed with the fees are recognized as revenue using the percentage-of-completion method. Costs of construction of the assets when the Company will not own the assets are recorded as construction costs. The Company recognized $43,000 of water tap fee revenues related to its Wild Pointe Service Agreement (as defined in Note 3 – Water and Land Assets below) during the three months ended May 31, 2017.
 
Tap and construction fees derived from agreements pursuant to which the Company will own the infrastructure are recognized as revenues ratably over the estimated accounting service life of the facilities constructed, starting at completion of construction, which could be excess of 30 years. Costs of the construction of the assets when the Company will own the assets are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated economic lives. The Company recognized $3,600 and $10,700 of water tap fee revenues during each of the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The water tap fees to be recognized over this period are net of the royalty payments to the State Board of Land Commissioners (the “Land Board”) and amounts paid to third parties pursuant to the CAA as further described in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease below.
 
The Company recognized $10,400 and $31,100 of “Special Facilities” (defined in Part I, Item 1 of the 2016 Annual Report) funding as revenue during each of the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. This is the ratable portion of the Special Facilities funding proceeds received from water agreements as more fully described in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to the 2016 Annual Report.
 
As of May 31, 2017, and August 31, 2016, the Company had deferred recognition of approximately $1,069,400 and $1,111,300, respectively, of water tap and construction fee revenue from Arapahoe County, Colorado, which will be recognized as revenue ratably over the estimated useful accounting life of the assets constructed with the construction proceeds as described above.
 
Consulting fees Consulting fees are fees the Company receives, typically on a monthly basis, from municipalities and area water providers along the I-70 corridor, for contract operations services.
 
Royalty and Other Obligations
 
Revenues from the sale of Export Water are shown gross of royalties payable to the Land Board. Revenues from the sale of water on the “Lowry Range” (described in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report) are shown net of the royalties to the Land Board and the amounts retained by Rangeview, which amounts are remitted by Rangeview to the Company.
 
Oil and Gas Lease Payments
 
As further described in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report, in March 2011, the Company entered into a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease (the “O&G Lease”) that was subsequently purchased by a wholly owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips Company and a Surface Use Damage Agreement (the “Surface Use Agreement”). Pursuant to the O&G Lease, during the year ended August 31, 2011, the Company received an up-front payment of $1,243,400 for the purpose of exploring for, developing, producing and marketing oil and gas on approximately 634 acres of mineral estate owned by the Company at its “Sky Ranch” property (described in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report). The Company began recognizing the up-front payments as income on a straight-line basis over three years (the initial term of the O&G Lease) on March 10, 2011. The Company received an additional payment of $1,243,400 during February 2014 to extend the O&G Lease an additional two years through February 2016, which payment was recognized as income on a straight-line basis over two years (the extension term of the O&G Lease). During the fiscal year ended August 31, 2014, the Company received an up-front payment of $72,000 for the purpose of exploring for, developing, producing, and marketing oil and gas on 40 acres of mineral estate the Company owns adjacent to the Lowry Range (the “Rangeview Lease”). The Company recognized $6,000 and $31,900 during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, of lease income related to the up-front payments received pursuant to the O&G Lease and the Rangeview Lease. The Company recognized $17,265 and $354,800 during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, of lease income related to the up-front payments received pursuant to the O&G Lease and the Rangeview Lease.
 
 
7
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
As of May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016, the Company had deferred recognition of $1,000 and $19,000, respectively, of income related to the O&G Lease and the Rangeview Lease. The balance as of May 31, 2017 will be recognized into income ratably through June 2017.
 
During the three months ended February 28, 2015, two wells were drilled within the Company’s mineral interest. Beginning in March 2015, both wells were placed into service and began producing oil and gas and accruing royalties to the Company. In May 2015, certain gas collection infrastructure was extended to the property to allow the collection of gas from the wells and accrual of royalties attributable to gas production. During the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company received $24,900 and $76,400, respectively, in royalties attributable to these two wells. During the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company received $164,300 and $271,000 respectively, in royalties attributable to these two wells.
 
Long-Lived Assets
 
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the eventual use of the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.
 
Capitalized Costs of Water and Wastewater Systems and Depletion and Depreciation of Water Assets
 
Costs to construct water and wastewater systems that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria are capitalized as incurred, including interest, and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of up to 30 years. The Company capitalizes design and construction costs related to construction activities, and it capitalizes certain legal, engineering and permitting costs relating to the adjudication and improvement of its water assets. The Company depletes its groundwater assets that are being utilized on the basis of units produced (i.e., thousands of gallons sold) divided by the total volume of water adjudicated in the water decrees.
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
The Company maintains a stock option plan for the benefit of its employees and non-employee directors. The Company records share-based compensation costs as expense over the applicable vesting period of the stock award using the straight-line method. The compensation costs to be expensed are measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The Company has adopted the alternative transition method for calculating the tax effects of share-based compensation, which allows for a simplified method of calculating the tax effects of employee share-based compensation. Because the Company has a full valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets, the granting and exercise of stock options has no impact on the income tax provisions. The Company recognized $63,500 and $58,200 of share-based compensation expense during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company recognized $168,000 and $167,100 of share-based compensation expense during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company uses a “more-likely-than-not” threshold for the recognition and de-recognition of tax positions, including any potential interest and penalties relating to tax positions taken by the Company. The Company did not have any significant unrecognized tax benefits as of May 31, 2017.
 
The Company files income tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service and the State of Colorado. The tax years that remain subject to examination are fiscal years 2014 through 2016. The Company does not believe that there will be any material changes in its unrecognized tax positions over the next 12 months.
 
 
8
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. At May 31, 2017, the Company did not have any accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor was any interest expense recognized during the three or nine months ended May 31, 2017 or 2016.
 
The Company has recorded a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets as the Company is unable to reasonably determine if it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will ultimately be realized.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
In August 2015, the Company sold substantially all of its Arkansas River water and land properties. Pursuant to the terms of the purchase and sale agreement, the Company continued to manage and receive the lease income associated with such properties until December 31, 2015. The operating results and the assets and liabilities of the discontinued operations, which formerly comprised the agricultural segment, are presented separately in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Summarized financial information for the discontinued agricultural business is shown below. Prior period balances have been reclassified to present the operations of the agricultural business as a discontinued operation.
 
Discontinued Operations Income Statement
 
 
 
Three Months Ended May 31,
 
 
Nine Months Ended May 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Farm revenues
 $600 
 $- 
 $6,300 
 $276,000 
Farm expenses
  - 
  (22,700)
  - 
  (56,000)
  Gross profit (loss)
  600 
  (22,700)
  6,300 
  220,000 
 
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
  11,900 
  48,400 
  48,300 
  287,800 
  Operating loss
  (11,300)
  (71,100)
  (42,000)
  (67,800)
Gain on sale of farm assets
  - 
  - 
  - 
  4,300 
Finance charges
  - 
  9,800 
  9,400 
  42,000 
 Loss from discontinued operations
 $(11,300)
 $(61,300)
 $(32,600)
 $(21,500)
 
The Company anticipates continued expenses through calendar 2017 related to the discontinued operations. The Company will continue to incur expenses (including property taxes) related to the remaining agricultural land the Company continues to own and for the purpose of collecting outstanding receivables.
 
 
9
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
The individual assets and liabilities of the discontinued agricultural business are combined in the captions “Assets of discontinued operations” and “Liabilities of discontinued operations” in the consolidated balance sheet. The carrying amounts of the major classes of assets and liabilities included as part of the discontinued business are presented in the following table:
 
Discontinued Operations Balance Sheet
 
 
 
May 31,
2017
 
 
August 31,
2016
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
 $110,700 
 $227,000 
Land held for sale (*)
  449,800 
  450,300 
Prepaid expenses
  - 
  2,900 
Total assets
 $560,500 
 $680,200 
 
    
    
Liabilities:
    
    
Accrued liabilities
 8,600
  4,400 
Total liabilities
 $8,600
 $4,400 
 
(*) Land Held for Sale. During the fiscal quarter ended November 30, 2015, the Company purchased three farms for approximately $450,000. The Company acquired a total of 700 acres. The farms were acquired in order to correct dry-up covenant issues related to water only farms in order to obtain the release of the escrow funds related to the Company’s farm sale to Arkansas River Farms, LLC. The Company intends to sell the farms within the next fiscal year.
 
Income (Loss) per Common Share
 
Income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period. Common stock options and warrants aggregating 470,600 and 338,100 common share equivalents were outstanding as of May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and have been included in the calculation of net income per common share but excluded from the calculation of loss per common share as their effect is anti-dilutive.
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability. When it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its consolidated financial statements and ensure that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s consolidated financial statements properly reflect the change. New pronouncements assessed by the Company recently are discussed below:
 
In May 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients. ASU 2016-12 provides for amendments to ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, amending the guidance on transition, collectability, noncash consideration and the presentation of sales and other similar taxes. Specifically, ASU 2016-12 clarifies that, for a contract to be considered completed at transition, all (or substantially all) of the revenue must have been recognized under legacy GAAP. In addition, ASU 2016-12 clarifies how an entity should evaluate the collectability threshold and when an entity can recognize nonrefundable consideration received as revenue if an arrangement does not meet the standard’s contract criteria. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2016-12.
 
In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing. ASU 2016-10 provides for amendments to ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, reducing the complexity when applying the guidance for identifying performance obligations and improving the operability and understandability of the license implementation guidance. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2016-10.
 
 
10
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net). ASU 2016-08 provides for amendments to ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, clarifying the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations in the new revenue recognition standard. Specifically, ASU 2016-08 clarifies how an entity should identify the unit of accounting (i.e., the specified good or service) for the principal versus agent evaluation and how it should apply the control principle to certain types of arrangements. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2016-08.
 
In May, 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605)” and requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of potential goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to the exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective for the Company September 1, 2018 with early adoption permitted for the Company on September 1, 2017. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-09 to have a material impact on its wholesale water and wastewater and consulting fees as the underlying contracts with these customers are relatively straightforward. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2014-09 on its water and wastewater tap and construction fees.  The Company anticipates this assessment to be completed in sufficient time to allow for an efficient adoption of the standard.
 
In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. ASU 2014-08 changes the presentation and disclosure requirements for discontinued operations. The update was adopted by the Company in fiscal year 2016.
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. ASU 2014-15 describes how an entity's management should assess, considering both quantitative and qualitative factors, whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued, which represents a change from the existing literature that requires consideration about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the balance sheet date. The standard is effective for the Company on September 1, 2017.  The Company is assessing the impact of ASU 2014-15, but it does not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-15 to have a material impact on its financial statements.
 
NOTE 2 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal or most advantageous market. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that has three levels of inputs, both observable and unobservable, with use of the lowest possible level of input to determine fair value.
 
Level 1 — Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in active exchange markets, such as the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Company had none of these instruments as of May 31, 2017 or August 31, 2016.
 
Level 2 — Valuations for assets and liabilities obtained from readily available pricing sources via independent providers for market transactions involving similar assets or liabilities. The Company had 51 and 36 Level 2 assets as of May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016, respectively, which consisted of certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury notes.
 
Level 3 — Valuations for assets and liabilities that are derived from other valuation methodologies, including discounted cash flow models and similar techniques, and not based on market exchange, dealer, or broker-traded transactions. Level 3 valuations incorporate certain assumptions and projections in determining the fair value assigned to such assets or liabilities. The Company had one Level 3 liability, the contingent portion of the CAA, as of May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016, which the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value (see Note 4).
 
The Company maintains policies and procedures to value instruments using what management believes to be the best and most relevant data available.
 
 
11
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
Level 2 Assets –  The Company’s available for sale securities are the Company’s only financial asset with fair value measured on a recurring basis. At May 31, 2017, these securities include only federally insured certificates of deposit and U.S. treasury notes.
 
The following table provides information on the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of May 31, 2017:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement Using:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost / Other
 
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
 
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
 
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
 
Accumulated Unrealized Gains and
 
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
Value
 
 
(Level 1)
 
 
(Level 2)
 
 
(Level 3)
 
 
(Losses)
 
Certificates of deposit
 $11,432,214 
 $11,443,068 
 $- 
 $11,432,214 
 $- 
 $(10,854)
U.S. Treasuries
  8,800,721 
  8,814,820 
  - 
  8,800,721 
  - 
  (14,099)
  Subtotal
 $20,232,935 
 $20,257,888 
 $- 
 $20,232,935 
 $- 
 $(24,953)
Long-term investments
  1,430,177 
  1,431,712 
  - 
  1,430,177 
    
  (1,535)
  Total
 $21,663,112 
 $21,689,600 
 $- 
 $21,663,112 
 $- 
 $(26,488)
 
NOTE 3 – WATER AND LAND ASSETS
 
Wild Pointe
 
On December 15, 2016, Rangeview, acting by and through its Water Activity Enterprise, and Elbert & Highway 86 Commercial Metropolitan District, a quasi-municipal corporation and political subdivision of the State of Colorado, acting by and through its Water Enterprise (the “EH86 District”), entered into a Water Service Agreement (the “Wild Pointe Service Agreement”). Subject to the conditions set forth in the Wild Pointe Service Agreement and the terms of the Company’s engagement by Rangeview as Rangeview’s exclusive service provider, the Company acquired, among other things, the exclusive right to provide water services to residential and commercial customers in Wild Pointe Ranch, located in unincorporated Elbert County, Colorado, in exchange for $1,600,000 in cash. Pursuant to the terms of the Wild Pointe Service Agreement, the Company, in its capacity as Rangeview’s service provider, is responsible for providing water services to all users of water services within the boundaries and service area of the EH86 District and for operating and maintaining the EH86 District’s water system. In exchange, the Company receives all rates, fees and charges remitted to Rangeview by the EH86 District pursuant to the Wild Pointe Service Agreement, including system development (or tap) fees from new customers and monthly water service revenues. The EH86 District’s water system currently provides water service to approximately 120 existing SFE water connections in Wild Pointe.
 
 
12
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
Investment in Water and Water Systems
 
The Company’s Investments in Water and Water Systems consist of the following costs and accumulated depreciation and depletion at May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016:
 
 
 
May 31, 2017
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
 
 
Costs
 
 
Accumulated Depreciation and Depletion
 
 
Costs
 
 
Accumulated Depreciation and Depletion
 
Rangeview water supply
 $14,495,400 
 $(10,000)
 $14,444,600 
 $(9,400)
Sky Ranch water rights and other costs
  6,723,000 
  (411,348)
  6,607,400 
  (334,500)
Fairgrounds water and water system
  2,899,800 
  (952,800)
  2,899,900 
  (886,800)
Rangeview water system
  1,639,000 
  (193,300)
  1,624,800 
  (152,800)
Water supply – other
  3,886,000 
  (375,500)
  3,703,000 
  (297,800)
Wild Pointe service rights
  1,661,000 
  (53,152)
  - 
  - 
Construction in progress
  5,035,400 
  - 
  723,500 
  - 
Totals
  36,339,600 
  (1,996,100)
  30,003,200 
  (1,681,300)
Net investments in water and water systems
 $34,343,500 
 $-
 
 $28,321,900 
 $-
 
 
Construction in progress relates to the Sky Ranch project and includes engineering and other initial costs (approximately $764,000) and water line installation (approximately $4.3 million). The Company has incurred an additional approximately $210,000 related to the water line installation, which was subsequently paid in June 2017.
 
Capitalized terms in this section not defined herein are defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets to the 2016 Annual Report.
 
Depletion and Depreciation. The Company recorded depletion charges of $100 during each of the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016. The Company recorded depletion charges of $600 and $200 during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, this related entirely to the Rangeview Water Supply and the Sky Ranch water assets.
 
The Company recorded $148,400 and $108,700 of depreciation expense during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company recorded $406,000 and $307,600 of depreciation expense during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
NOTE 4 – LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS AND OPERATING LEASE
 
The Participating Interests in Export Water Supply is an obligation of the Company that has no scheduled maturity date. Therefore, maturity of this liability is not disclosed in tabular format, but is described below.
 
Participating Interests in Export Water Supply
 
The Company acquired its Rangeview Water Supply through various amended agreements entered into beginning in the early 1990s. The acquisition was consummated with the signing of the CAA in 1996. Upon entering into the CAA, the Company recorded an initial liability of $11.1 million, which represented the cash the Company received from the participating interest holders that was used to purchase the Company’s Export Water (described in greater detail in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets to the 2016 Annual Report). The Company agreed to remit a total of $31.8 million of proceeds received from the sale of Export Water to the participating interest holders in return for their initial $11.1 million investment. The obligation for the $11.1 million was recorded as debt, and the remaining $20.7 million contingent liability was not reflected on the Company’s balance sheet because the obligation to pay this is contingent on the sale of Export Water, the amounts and timing of which are not reasonably determinable.
 
The CAA obligation is non-interest bearing, and if the Export Water is not sold, the parties to the CAA have no recourse against the Company. Additionally, if the Company does not sell the Export Water, the holders of the Series B Preferred Stock are not entitled to payment of any dividend and have no contractual recourse against the Company.
 
As the proceeds from the sale of Export Water are received and the amounts are remitted to the external CAA holders, the Company allocates a ratable percentage of this payment to the principal portion (the Participating Interests in Export Water Supply liability account), with the balance of the payment being charged to the contingent obligation portion. Because the original recorded liability, which was $11.1 million, was 35% of the original total liability of $31.8 million, approximately 35% of each payment remitted to the CAA holders is allocated to the recorded liability account. The remaining portion of each payment, or approximately 65%, is allocated to the contingent obligation, which is recorded on a net revenue basis.
 
 
13
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
From time to time, the Company reacquired various portions of the CAA obligations, which retained their original priority, including the Land Board’s CAA interest which was assigned and relinquished to the Company in 2014. The Company did not make any CAA acquisitions during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 or 2016.
 
As a result of CAA acquisitions and the sales of Export Water, as detailed in the table below, the remaining potential third-party obligation at May 31, 2017, is approximately $1 million, and the Company has the right to approximately $29.7 million in Export Water proceeds:
 
 
 
Export Water Proceeds Received
 
 
Initial Export Water Proceeds to Pure Cycle
 
 
Total Potential Third-Party Obligation
 
 
Paticipating Interests Liability
 
 
Contingency
 
Original balances
 $ 
 $218,500 
 $31,807,700 
 $11,090,600 
 $20,717,100 
Activity from inception until August 31, 2015:
    
    
    
    
    
  Acquisitions
   
  28,042,500 
  (28,042,500)
  (9,790,000)
  (18,252,500)
  Relinquishment
   
  2,386,400 
  (2,386,400)
  (832,100)
  (1,554,300)
  Option payments - Sky Ranch
    
    
    
    
    
  and The Hills at Sky Ranch
  110,400 
  (42,300)
  (68,100)
  (23,800)
  (44,300)
  Arapahoe County tap fees *
  533,000 
  (373,100)
  (159,900)
  (55,800)
  (104,100)
  Export Water sale payments
  618,400 
  (489,100)
  (129,300)
  (44,900)
  (84,400)
Balance at August 31, 2016
  1,261,800 
  29,742,900 
  1,021,500 
  344,000 
  677,500 
Fiscal 2017 activity:
    
    
    
    
    
  Export Water sale payments
  50,700 
  (44,700)
  (6,000)
  (2,100)
  (3,900)
Balance at May 31, 2017
 $1,312,500 
 $29,698,200 
 $1,015,500 
 $341,900 
 $673,600 
 
 * The Arapahoe County tap fees are net of $34,522 in royalties paid to the Land Board.
 
The CAA includes contractually established priorities that call for payments to CAA holders in order of their priority. This means that the first payees receive their full payment before the next priority level receives any payment and so on until full repayment. The Company will receive approximately $5.9 million of the first priority payout (the remaining entire first priority payout totals approximately $6.7 million as of May 31, 2017).
 
WISE Partnership
 
During December 2014, the Company, through Rangeview, consented to the waiver of all contingencies set forth in the Amended and Restated WISE Partnership – Water Delivery Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “WISE Partnership Agreement”), among the City and County of Denver acting through its Board of Water Commissioners (“Denver Water”), the City of Aurora acting by and through its Utility Enterprise (“Aurora Water”), and the South Metro WISE Authority (“SMWA”). The SMWA was formed by Rangeview and nine other governmental or quasi-governmental water providers pursuant to the South Metro WISE Authority Formation and Organizational Intergovernmental Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “SM IGA”), to enable the members of SMWA to participate in the regional water supply project known as the Water Infrastructure Supply Efficiency partnership (“WISE”) created by the WISE Partnership Agreement. The SM IGA specifies each member’s pro rata share of WISE and the members’ rights and obligations with respect to WISE. The WISE Partnership Agreement provides for the purchase of certain infrastructure (i.e., pipelines, water storage facilities, water treatment facilities, and other appurtenant facilities) to deliver water to and among the 10 members of the SMWA, Denver Water and Aurora Water. Certain infrastructure has been constructed, and other infrastructure will be constructed over the next several years.
 
 
14
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
By consenting to the waiver of the contingencies set forth in the WISE Partnership Agreement, pursuant to the terms of the Rangeview/Pure Cycle WISE Project Financing Agreement (the “WISE Financing Agreement”) between the Company and Rangeview, the Company has an agreement to fund Rangeview’s participation in WISE effective as of December 22, 2014. The Company’s cost of funding Rangeview’s purchase of its share of existing infrastructure and future infrastructure for WISE and funding operations and water deliveries related to WISE is projected to be approximately $5.5 million over the next five years. See further discussion in Note 6  Related Party Transactions.
 
Operating Lease
 
Effective as of January 2017, the Company entered into an operating lease for approximately 2,500 square feet of office and warehouse space. The lease has a two-year term with payments of $3,000 per month.
 
NOTE 5 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
The Company maintains the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 Equity Plan”), which was approved by shareholders in January 2014 and became effective April 12, 2014. Executives, eligible employees, consultants and non-employee directors are eligible to receive options and stock grants pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan. Pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan, options to purchase shares of stock and restricted stock awards can be granted with exercise prices, vesting conditions and other performance criteria determined by the Compensation Committee of the board of directors. The Company has reserved 1.6 million shares of common stock for issuance under the 2014 Equity Plan. The Company began awarding options under the 2014 Equity Plan during January 2015. Prior to the effective date of the 2014 Equity Plan, the Company granted stock awards to eligible participants under its 2004 Incentive Plan (the “2004 Incentive Plan”), which expired April 11, 2014. No additional awards may be granted pursuant to the 2004 Incentive Plan; however, awards outstanding as of April 11, 2014, will continue to vest and expire and may be exercised in accordance with the terms of the 2004 Incentive Plan.
 
The following table summarizes the combined stock option activity for the 2004 Incentive Plan and 2014 Equity Plan for the nine months ended May 31, 2017:
 
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term
 
 
Approximate Aggregate Instrinsic Value
 
Oustanding at August 31, 2016  
  338,000 
 $4.83 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted
  142,500 
  5.47 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercised
  - 
  - 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited or expired
  (10,000)
  8.02 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at May 31, 2017  
  470,500 
 $4.91 
  6.48 
 $1,354,390 
 
    
    
    
    
Options exercisable at May 31, 2017  
  323,000 
 $4.68 
  5.16 
 $1,003,990 
 
 
15
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
The following table summarizes the combined activity and value of non-vested options under the 2004 Equity Plan and 2014 Incentive Plan as of and for the nine months ended May 31, 2017:
 
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
 
Non-vested options oustanding at August 31, 2016  
  36,000 
 $4.59 
Granted
  142,500 
  3.67 
Vested
  (31,000)
  2.95 
Forfeited
  - 
  - 
Non-vested options outstanding at May 31, 2017  
  147,500 
 $3.52 
 
All non-vested options are expected to vest.
 
Stock-based compensation expense was $63,500 and $58,200 for the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense was $168,000 and $167,100 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
At May 31, 2017, the Company had unrecognized expenses totaling $392,500 relating to non-vested options that are expected to vest, which options have a weighted average life of less than three years. The Company has not recorded any excess tax benefits to additional paid-in capital.
 
NOTE 6 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
Rangeview is a quasi-municipal corporation and political subdivision of Colorado formed in 1986 for the purpose of providing water and wastewater service to the Lowry Range and other approved areas.  Rangeview is governed by an elected board of directors.  Eligible voters and persons eligible to serve as director of Rangeview must own an interest in property within the boundaries of Rangeview.  The Company owns certain rights and real property interests which encompass the current boundaries of Rangeview.  The current directors of Rangeview include three employees of the Company, and two independent board members.
 
In 1995, the Company extended a loan to Rangeview, a related party. The loan provided for borrowings of up to $250,000, is unsecured, and bears interest based on the prevailing prime rate plus 2% (6.00% at May 31, 2017), and the maturity date of the loan is December 31, 2022. Beginning in January 2014, Rangeview and the Company entered into a funding agreement that allows the Company to continue to provide funding to Rangeview for day-to-day operations and accrue the funding into a note that bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and remains in full force and effect for so long as the 2014 Amended and Restated Lease Agreement remains in effect. The $694,200 balance of the note receivable at May 31, 2017, includes borrowings of $319,900 and accrued interest of $374,300.
 
On December 16, 2009, the Company entered into a Participation Agreement with Rangeview, whereby the Company agreed to provide funding to Rangeview in connection with Rangeview joining the South Metro Water Supply Authority (“SMWSA”). On November 10, 2014, the Company and Rangeview entered into the WISE Financing Agreement, which became effective on December 23, 2014, whereby the Company agreed to fund Rangeview’s cost of participating in a regional water supply project known as the WISE partnership. The Company anticipates spending approximately $5.5 million over the next five fiscal years to fund Rangeview’s purchase of its share of the water transmission line and additional facilities, water and related assets for WISE and to fund operations and water deliveries related to WISE.
 
Each year, beginning in 2012, the Company has entered into an Operation Funding Agreement with Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 obligating the Company to advance funding to the district for the district’s operations and maintenance expenses for the then-current calendar year. The district is expected to repay the amounts advanced pursuant to the funding agreements from future revenues from property tax assessments. All payments are subject to annual appropriations by the district in its absolute discretion. The advances by the Company accrue interest at a rate of 8% per annum from the date of the advance.
 
In November 2014, but effective as of January 1, 2014, the Company entered into a Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement with Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 obligating the Company to either finance district improvements or to construct improvements on behalf of the district subject to reimbursement. Improvements subject to this agreement are determined pursuant to a mutually agreed upon budget. Each year in September, the parties are to mutually determine the improvements required for the following year and finalize a budget by the end of October. Each advance or reimbursable expense accrues interest at a rate of 6% per annum. No payments are required by the district unless and until the district issues bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of the advances and costs incurred.
 
 
16
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
The $211,300 balance of the receivable due pursuant to the Operation Funding Agreements and the Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement at May 31, 2017, includes advances of $180,200 and accrued interest of $31,100. Upon the district’s ratification of the advances and related expenditures, the amount was reclassified to long-term and is recorded as part of Notes receivable – related parties.
 
On October 12, 2016, the Audit Committee of the Company’s board of directors approved accepting a bid submitted by Nelson Pipeline Constructors LLC to construct a pipeline connecting its Sky Ranch water system to Rangeview’s water system for approximately $4.2 million (the “Nelson Bid”). Nelson Pipeline Constructors LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of Nelson Infrastructure Services LLC, a company in which Patrick J. Beirne owns a 50% interest. In addition, Mr. Beirne, a director of Pure Cycle, is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of each of Nelson Pipeline Constructors LLC and Nelson Infrastructure Services LLC. Since Mr. Nelson is the 50% owner of the parent company of Nelson Pipeline Constructors LLC, Mr. Nelson’s interest in the transaction is approximately $2.1 million without taking into account any profit or loss from the Nelson Bid. Pursuant to the Company’s policies for review and approval of related party transactions, the Nelson Bid was reviewed and approved by the Audit Committee and by the board of directors, with Mr. Beirne abstaining.
 
NOTE 7 – SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS
 
The Company sells wholesale water and wastewater services to Rangeview pursuant to the Rangeview Water Agreements (defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report). Sales to Rangeview accounted for 75% and 78% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Sales to Rangeview accounted for 33% and 77% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Rangeview has one significant customer. Pursuant to the Rangeview Water Agreements, the Company is providing water and wastewater services to this customer on behalf of Rangeview. Rangeview’s significant customer accounted for 59% and 63% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Rangeview’s significant customer accounted for 26% and 66% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry to one customer accounted for 0% and 55% of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, respectively. The Company had no revenues related to the provision of water for the oil and gas industry for the three or nine months ended May 31, 2016.
 
The Company had accounts receivable from Rangeview which accounted for 64% and 74% of the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater trade receivables balances at May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016, respectively. Accounts receivable from Rangeview’s largest customer accounted for 57% and 63% of the Company’s water and wastewater trade receivables as of May 31, 2017 and August 31, 2016, respectively.
 
NOTE 8 – ACCRUED LIABILITIES
 
At May 31, 2017, the Company had accrued liabilities of $70,800, of which $4,000 was for estimated property taxes, $39,500 was for professional fees, and $27,300 was for operating payables.
 
At August 31, 2016, the Company had accrued liabilities of $242,600, of which $160,000 was for accrued compensation, $5,700 was for estimated property taxes, $48,000 was for professional fees and the remaining $28,900 was related to operating payables.
 
NOTE 9 – LITIGATION LOSS CONTINGENCIES
 
The Company has historically been involved in various claims, litigation and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. The Company records an accrual for a loss contingency when its occurrence is probable and damages can be reasonably estimated based on the anticipated most likely outcome or the minimum amount within a range of possible outcomes. The Company makes such estimates based on information known about the claims and experience in contesting, litigating and settling similar claims. Disclosures are also provided for reasonably possible losses that could have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
17
 
 
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
MAY 31, 2017
 
NOTE 10 – SEGMENT INFORMATION
 
Prior to the sale of the Company’s agricultural assets and the residual operations through December 31, 2015, the Company operated primarily in two lines of business: (i) the wholesale water and wastewater business; and (ii) the agricultural farming business. The Company has discontinued its agricultural farming operations. The Company will continue to operate its wholesale water and wastewater services segment as its only line of business. The wholesale water and wastewater services business includes selling to customers using water rights owned by the Company and developing infrastructure to divert, treat and distribute that water and collect, treat and reuse wastewater.
 
NOTE 11 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
In June 2017, the Company entered into agreements with three national home builders, Richmond American Homes, KB Home and Taylor Morrison, for the sale of 506 single family lots in its first phase of Sky Ranch. The agreements provide for earnest money deposits and a 60-day due diligence investigation. The lot prices range from $67,500 to $75,000 depending on the lot size and specific terms and conditions of the agreement with each builder. The Company will be responsible for developing finished lots and believes it has adequate liquidity to fund the improvements needed to deliver finished lots to each builder. The Company considers lot sales to be a separate line of business and will disclose the sales as a separate segment from the wholesale water and wastewater business. This segment will include certain Sky Ranch Land assets totaling approximately $4.2 million, which are recorded on the balance sheet at May 31, 2017.
 
 
18
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
OVERVIEW
 
The discussion and analysis below includes certain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, as described in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, that could cause our actual growth, results of operations, performance, financial position and business prospects and opportunities for this fiscal year and periods that follow to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by those forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our disclosure under the heading “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” below.
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand our results of operations and financial condition and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and the financial statements and the notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2016 (the “2016 Annual Report”). This section focuses on the key indicators reviewed by management in evaluating our financial condition and operating performance, including the following:
 
Revenue generated from providing water and wastewater services;
Expenses associated with developing our water and land assets; and
Cash available to continue development of our water rights, land assets and service agreements.
 
Our MD&A section includes the following items:
 
Our Business – a general description of our business, our services and our business strategy.
 
Results of Operations – an analysis of our results of operations for the periods presented in our consolidated financial statements. We present our discussion in the MD&A in conjunction with the accompanying financial statements.
 
Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position – an analysis of our cash position and cash flows, as well as a discussion of our financial obligations.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates – a discussion of our critical accounting policies that require critical judgments, assumptions and estimates.
 
Our Business
 
Pure Cycle Corporation (“we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Colorado corporation that (i) provides wholesale water and wastewater services to end-use customers of governmental entities and to commercial and industrial customers and (ii) until the end of calendar 2016, managed land and water assets for farming.
 
Wholesale Water and Wastewater
 
These services include water production, storage, treatment, bulk transmission to retail distribution systems, wastewater collection and treatment, irrigation water treatment and transmission, construction management, billing and collection and emergency response.
 
We are a vertically integrated wholesale water and wastewater provider, which means we own or control substantially all assets necessary to provide wholesale water and wastewater services to our customers. This includes owning (i) water rights which we use to provide domestic, irrigation, and industrial water to our wholesale customers (we own surface water, groundwater, reclaimed water rights and storage rights); (ii) infrastructure (such as wells, diversion structures, pipelines, reservoirs and treatment facilities) required to withdraw, treat, store and deliver water; (iii) infrastructure required to collect, treat, store and reuse wastewater; and (iv) infrastructure required to treat and deliver reclaimed water for irrigation use.
 
We own or control approximately 26,985 acre feet of surface water, non-tributary, and not non-tributary groundwater rights, and approximately 26,000 acre feet of adjudicated reservoir sites that we refer to as our “Rangeview Water Supply.” This water is located in the southeast Denver metropolitan area on a 27,000 acre parcel of land which is owned by the State Board of Land Commissioners (the “Land Board”) known as the “Lowry Range.” Of the approximately 26,985 acre feet of water comprising our Rangeview Water Supply, we own 11,650 acre feet of water which we can export from the Lowry Range (“Export Water”), which consists of 10,000 acre feet of groundwater and 1,650 acre feet of average yield surface water, pending completion by the Land Board of documentation related to the exercise of our right to substitute 1,650 acre feet of our groundwater for a comparable amount of surface water. Additionally, assuming the completion of the substitution of groundwater for surface water, we hold the exclusive right to develop and deliver through the year 2081 the remaining 12,035 acre feet of groundwater and approximately 1,650 acre feet of average yield surface water to customers either on or off of the Lowry Range.
 
 
19
 
 
We currently provide wholesale water and wastewater service predominantly to two local governmental entity customers. Our largest wholesale domestic customer is the Rangeview Metropolitan District (“Rangeview”). We provide service to Rangeview and its end-use customers pursuant to the Rangeview Water Agreements (defined in Part I, Item 1 – Business – Our Water and Land Assets in the 2016 Annual Report). Through Rangeview, including through our recently acquired Wild Pointe Service Agreement, we serve 378 Single Family Equivalent (“SFE”) water connections and 157 SFE wastewater connections located in southeastern metropolitan Denver. In the past three years, we have been providing water to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry located in and adjacent to our service areas for the purpose of hydraulic fracturing. Oil and gas operators have leased more than 135,000 acres within and adjacent to our service areas for the purpose of exploring oil and gas interests in the Niobrara and other formations, and this activity had led to increased water demands.
 
We plan to utilize our significant water assets along with our adjudicated reservoir sites to provide wholesale water and wastewater services to local governmental entities, which in turn will provide residential/commercial water and wastewater services to communities along the eastern slope of Colorado in the area generally referred to as the Front Range. Principally we target the I-70 corridor, which is located east of downtown Denver and south of Denver International Airport. This area is predominantly undeveloped and is expected to experience substantial growth over the next 30 years. We also plan to continue to provide water service to commercial and industrial customers.
 
Sky Ranch
 
We also own 931 acres of land, zoned as a Master Planned Community along the I-70 corridor east of Denver, Colorado. In anticipation of developing this land, we have installed approximately eight miles of water transmission lines at a cost of $4.3 million to connect our Lowry Range water system to Sky Ranch. Construction was completed in May 2017 and the water transmission line was placed into service in June 2017.
 
Subsequent Event
 
Additionally, in June 2017, we entered into agreements with three national home builders, Richmond American Homes, KB Home and Taylor Morrison, for the sale of 506 single family lots in the first phase of Sky Ranch. The agreements provide for a 60-day due diligence investigation, after which we will finalize designs for the community including the final platted lots, roadways, open space, drainage, water and wastewater systems. The lot prices range from $67,500 to $75,000 depending on the lot size and specific terms and conditions of the agreement with each builder. We will be responsible for developing finished lots and believe we have adequate liquidity to fund the improvements needed to deliver finished lots to each builder. We consider lot sales to be a separate line of business and will disclose the sales as a separate segment from the wholesale water and wastewater business.
 
In addition to the lot sales, we will collect water and wastewater tap fees for each lot which will be paid at the time builders obtain building permits. The water tap fees will vary depending on the projected water demand for each individual lot. The average single family equivalent using 0.4 acre of water per year would correspond to a tap fee of $26,650. Wastewater tap fees are projected to be $4,600 per lot.
 
Frack Water Sales
 
During the three months ending May 31 and thereafter, new oil and gas drilling activity has commenced in our target service area with one rig having started its 4th well in the area. The region has had an increase in oil and gas activity with several new operators obtaining leases in the field with the expectation of additional drilling rig(s) later this year and into 2018. We have delivered frack water to one of the new operators under a new well stimulation design that more than doubled the amount of water used from 10 million gallons to more than 20 million gallons, increasing the revenue potential from $100,000 per well to $200,000 under the new design. We have significantly increased our supply capacity with the addition of the WISE water supply as well as our delivery capacity with completion of our new eight-mile transmission line to Sky Ranch. We believe we are well positioned to meet the increased demands from multiple operators in the field as well as water demands for development at our Sky Ranch project.
 
Wild Pointe
 
On December 15, 2016, Rangeview, acting by and through its Water Activity Enterprise, and Elbert & Highway 86 Commercial Metropolitan District, a quasi-municipal corporation and political subdivision of the State of Colorado, acting by and through its Water Enterprise (the “EH86” District”), entered into a Water Service Agreement (the “Wild Pointe Service Agreement”). Subject to the conditions set forth in the Wild Pointe Service Agreement and the terms of our engagement by Rangeview as Rangeview’s exclusive service provider, we acquired, among other things, the exclusive right to provide water services to residential and commercial customers in Wild Pointe Ranch, located 15 miles south of the Lowry Range in unincorporated Elbert County, Colorado, in exchange for $1,600,000 in cash. Pursuant to the terms of the Wild Pointe Service Agreement, we, in our capacity as Rangeview’s service provider, are responsible for providing water services to all users of water services within the boundaries and service area of the EH86 District and for operating and maintaining the EH86 District’s water system. In exchange, we receive all rates, fees and charges remitted to Rangeview by the EH86 District pursuant to the Wild Pointe Service Agreement, including system development (or tap) fees from new customers and monthly water service revenues. The EH86 District’s water system currently provides water service to approximately 120 existing SFE water connections in Wild Pointe Ranch and may grow to over 300 SFE water connections.
 
 
20
 
 
Discontinued Agricultural Operations and Leasing
 
On August 18, 2015, we and our wholly owned subsidiary, PCY Holdings, LLC, sold approximately 14,600 acres of real property and related water rights in the Fort Lyon Canal Company (“FLCC”) to Arkansas River Farms, LLC, for approximately $45.8 million in cash. Pursuant to the purchase and sale agreement, we retained our farm leasing operations through December 31, 2015.
 
After closing the sale of our farm portfolio, we purchased approximately 700 acres of real property in the area to resolve certain dry-up covenants on three properties in order to obtain the release of the remaining approximately $1.3 million in proceeds from the sale. During the quarter ended February 29, 2016, we resolved the dry-up covenant issues, the escrow proceeds were distributed to us, and the 700 acres are held as “land for sale” within Assets of discontinued operations.
 
We have discontinued our farm operations and will continue to liquidate the remaining assets in this line of business.
 
This land interest is described in the Arkansas River Assets section of Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report.
 
 
 
 
 
 
21
 
 
Results of Operations
 
Executive Summary
 
The results of our operations for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:
 
Summary Table 1a
 
 
 
Three months ended May 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
Change
 
 
% Change
 
Millions of gallons of water delivered
  6.4 
  4.3 
  2.1 
  49%
Metered water usage revenues
 $47,700 
 $35,700 
 $12,000 
  34%
Operating costs to deliver water
 $76,900 
 $65,200 
 $11,700 
  18%
  (excluding depreciation and depletion)
    
    
    
    
  Water delivery gross margin %
  -61%
  -83%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Wastewater treatment revenues
 $7,000 
 $10,500 
 $(3,500)
  -33%
Operating costs to treat wastewater
 $7,500 
 $7,300 
 $200 
  3%
  Wastewater treatment gross margin %
  -7%
  30%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Other income
 $22,000 
 $40,700 
 $(18,700)
  -46%
Other income costs incurred
 $13,700 
 $20,800 
 $(7,100)
  -34%
  Other income gross margin %
  38%
  49%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Tap and specialty facility revenues
 $57,400 
 $14,000 
 $43,400 
  310%
 
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
 $518,700 
 $431,700 
 $87,000 
  20%
Loss from continuing operatons
 $543,100 
 $361,000 
 $182,100 
  50%
Loss from discontinued operations
 $(11,300)
 $(61,300)
 $50,000 
  82%
Net loss
 $(554,400)
 $(422,300)
 $(132,100)
  -31%
 
Summary Table 1b
 
 
 
Nine months ended May 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
Change
 
 
% Change
 
Millions of gallons of water delivered
  42.0 
  14.8 
  27.2 
  184%
Metered water usage revenues
 $379,500 
 $119,800 
 $259,700 
  217%
Operating costs to deliver water
 $234,400 
 $191,000 
 $43,400 
  23%
  (excluding depreciation and depletion)
    
    
    
    
  Water delivery gross margin %
  38%
  -59%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Wastewater treatment revenues
 $30,500 
 $31,500 
 $(1,000)
  -3%
Operating costs to treat wastewater
 $22,500 
 $20,600 
 $1,900 
  9%
  Wastewater treatment gross margin %
  26%
  35%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Other income
 $75,000 
 $110,000 
 $(35,000)
  -32%
Other income costs incurred
 $46,000 
 $51,400 
 $(5,400)
  -11%
  Other income gross margin %
  39%
  53%
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Tap and specialty facility revenues
 $85,300 
 $41,800 
 $43,500 
  104%
 
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
 $1,411,400 
 $1,294,600 
 $116,800 
  9%
Loss from continuing operatons
 $(1,177,100)
 $(769,000)
 $(408,100)
  53%
Loss from discontinued operations
 $(32,600)
 $(21,500)
 $(11,100)
  52%
Net loss
 $(1,209,700)
 $(790,500)
 $(419,200)
  53%
 
 
22
 
 
Changes in Revenues
 
Metered Water Usage Revenues – Our water service charges include a fixed monthly fee and a fee based on actual amounts of metered water delivered, which is based on a tiered pricing structure that provides for higher prices as customers use greater amounts of water. Our rates and charges are established based on the average rates and charges of three surrounding water providers.
 
Water deliveries increased 49% and water revenues increased 34% during the three months ended May 31, 2017, compared to the three months ended May 31, 2016. Water deliveries increased 184% and water revenues increased 217% during the nine months ended May 31, 2017, compared to the nine months ended May 31, 2016. The increase in water deliveries and revenues is primarily the result of an increase in demand for water by the oil and gas industry, which was used primarily to frack a well drilled in the Niobrara formation. As a result of the difference in metered rates for fracking water compared to rates for tap customers, revenues received for fracking water have a higher margin. Increases and decreases in water deliveries charged at different rates will result in disproportionate increases and decreases in revenues. The following table details the sources of our sales, the number of kgal (1,000 gallons) sold, and the average price per kgal for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Table 2a - Water Revenue Summary
 
 
 
Three months ended May 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016  
 
Customer Type
 
Sales
 
 
kgal
 
 
Average price per kgal
 
 
Sales
 
 
kgal
 
 
Average price per kgal
 
On Site
 $31,000 
  4,865.0 
 $6.37 
 $25,400 
  3,331.7 
 $7.62 
Export - Commercial
  16,700 
  1,556.6 
  10.73 
  10,300 
  951.5 
  10.83 
 
 $47,700 
  6,421.6 
 $7.43 
 $35,700 
  4,283.2 
 $8.33 
 
Table 2b - Water Revenue Summary
 
 
 
Nine months ended May 31,      
 
 
 
2017    
 
 
2016    
 
Customer Type
 
Sales
 
 
kgal
 
 
Average price per kgal
 
 
Sales
 
 
kgal
 
 
Average price per kgal
 
On Site
 $110,800 
  15,295.6 
 $7.24 
 $84,900 
  12,453.0 
 $6.82 
Export - Commercial
  47,000 
  18,092.0 
  2.60 
  34,900 
  2,393.9 
  14.58 
Fracking
  221,700 
  21,107.0 
  10.50 
  - 
  - 
  - 
 
 $379,500 
  54,494.6 
 $6.96 
 $119,800 
  14,846.9 
 $8.07 
 
The gross margin on delivering water increased to a loss of 61% and a profit of 38% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, respectively, compared to a loss of 83% and a loss of 59% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, due to the increase in water deliveries related to the oil and gas industry. The Company is obligated to pay certain lease and operating costs related to the ECCV system (defined under Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position below). Our current cost associated with the use of the system without any production is a flat fee of $8,000 per month to maintain. In addition, the ECCV system costs us approximately $1,900 per month to maintain. We had significant production through the ECCV system related to the oil and gas water deliveries for the nine months ended May 31, 2017, which has positively impacted our gross margin.
 
Wastewater Treatment Revenues – Our wastewater customer is charged based on the amount of wastewater treated.
 
Wastewater fees decreased 33% and 3% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, respectively, compared to each of the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively. The decreases were primarily the result of decreased demand from our only wastewater customer. Wastewater operating costs and gross margin fluctuate based on timing of expenses and regulatory requirements, but generally fluctuate consistent with demand.
 
 
23
 
 
Tap and Special Facility Revenues – We have various water and wastewater service agreements, a component of which may include tap fees and construction fees. We recognize water tap fees either upon completion of construction or ratably over time, depending on whether the Company or a customer owns the infrastructure We recognized $3,600 and $10,700 of water tap fee revenues during each of the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, ratably over the estimated service period upon completion of the “Wholesale Facilities” (defined in the 2016 Annual Report) constructed to provide service to Arapahoe County. During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, we recognized $43,000 of water tap fee revenues related to our Wild Pointe Service Agreement. The water tap fees related to the Wild Pointe Service Agreement are recognized when received as the Company does not own the constructed assets.
 
We recognized $10,400 and $31,100 of “Special Facilities” (defined in the 2016 Annual Report) funding as revenue during each of the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. This is the ratable portion of the Special Facilities funding proceeds received from Arapahoe County pursuant to a water service agreement as more fully described in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to Part II, Item 8 of the 2016 Annual Report.
 
At May 31, 2017, we had deferred recognition of $1.1 million of water tap and construction fee revenue from Arapahoe County, which will be recognized as revenue ratably over the estimated useful accounting life of the assets constructed with the construction proceeds as described above.
 
Water tap fees are calculated based on a cost of service methodology which includes our historic cost to acquire the water rights, and the cost to develop and construct the infrastructure and facilities to service the individual customers and a rate of return. Rangeview’s water tap fees are $24,620 per SFE, and wastewater tap fees are $4,988 per SFE. Sky Ranch tap fees are $26,650 for water and $4,700 for wastewater. During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, the we recognized $43,000 of water tap fee revenue revenues related to our Wild Pointe asset. The water tap fees related to the Wild Pointe Service Agreement are recognized when received as we do not own the related assets.
 
Other Income – Other income consisted principally of consulting fees of $22,000 and $40,700 for the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Other income consisted principally of consulting fees of $75,000 and $110,000 for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Our margins have fluctuated as we allocated additional staff costs to system management.
 
General and Administrative Expenses
 
Significant balances classified as general and administrative (“G&A”) expenses for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, were:
 
Table 3a - Signficant Balances in G&A
 
 
 
Three months ended May 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$ Change
 
 
% Change
 
Salary and salary-related expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Including share-based compensation
 $267,400 
 $219,000 
 $48,400 
  22%
  Excluding share-based compensation
 $203,800 
 $165,300 
 $38,500 
  23%
Professional fees
 $77,200 
 $58,300 
 $18,900 
  32%
Fees paid to directors (including insurance)
 $34,100 
 $38,000 
 $(3,900)
  -10%
Public entity related expenses
 $41,800 
 $28,100 
 $13,700 
  49%
 
 
24
 
 
Table 3b - Signficant Balances in G&A
 
 
 
Nine months ended May 31,
 
 
   
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$ Change
 
 
% Change
 
Salary and salary-related expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Including share-based compensation
 $774,400 
 $682,400 
 $92,000 
  13%
  Excluding share-based compensation
 $606,300 
 $515,400 
 $90,900 
  18%
Professional fees
 $195,700 
 $194,200 
 $1,500 
  1%
Fees paid to directors (including insurance)
 $97,800 
 $101,700 
 $(3,900)
  -4%
Public entity related expenses
 $91,600 
 $60,400 
 $31,200 
  52%
 
Salary and salary-related expenses – Salary and salary-related expenses including share-based compensation increased 22% and 13% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, as compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively. The increase was primarily the result of pay increases and the addition of three new employees. The salary and salary-related expenses noted above include $63,500 and $53,700 of share-based compensation expenses during the three months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The salary and salary-related expenses noted above include $168,000 and $167,100 of share-based compensation expenses during the nine months ended May 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Professional fees (mainly accounting and legal) – Legal and accounting fees increased 32% and 1% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, as compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively. The increase was primarily due to an increase in legal fees of approximately $10,700 for the three months ended May 31, 2017, as compared to the three months ended May 31, 2016, respectively.
 
Fees paid to directors (including insurance)  Directors’ fees, including D&O insurance, decreased 10% and 4% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017, as compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively. These fees vary due to the number of board and committee meetings.
 
Public entity expenses Costs associated with corporate governance and costs associated with being a publicly traded entity increased 49% and 52% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2017 as compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively. The fluctuations are due to the timing and number of filings and compliance costs for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
 
Other Income and Expense Items
 
Table 4a - Other Items
 
 
 
Three Months Ended May 31,
 
 
   
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$ Change
 
 
% Change
 
Other income items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Oil and gas lease income, net
 $6,000 
 $31,900 
 $(25,900)
  -81%
  Oil and gas royalty income, net
 $24,900 
 $76,400 
 $(51,500)
  -67%
  Interest income
 $59,600 
 $66,300 
 $(6,700)
  -10%
 
Table 4b - Other Items
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended May 31,
 
 
   
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$ Change
 
 
% Change
 
Other income items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Oil and gas lease income, net
 $17,300 
 $354,800 
 $(337,500)
  -95%
  Oil and gas royalty income, net
 $164,300 
 $271,000 
 $(106,700)
  -39%
  Interest income
 $199,200 
 $175,400 
 $23,800 
  14%
 
The oil and gas lease income amounts in 2016 primarily represent a portion of the up-front payments we received on March 10, 2011, upon the signing of a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease that was subsequently purchased by a wholly-owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips Company (the "O&G Lease") and a Surface Use and Damage Agreement (the "Surface Use Agreement"). During fiscal year 2011, we received payments of $1,243,400 for the purpose of exploring for, developing, producing and marketing oil and gas on 634 acres of mineral estate we own at our Sky Ranch property. The income received was recognized in income ratably over the initial three-year term of the O&G Lease, which began on March 10, 2011. During February 2014, we received an additional payment of $1,243,400 to extend the initial term of the O&G Lease by an additional two years through February 2016. The income received for the extension was recognized in income over the two-year extension term of the O&G Lease. The oil and gas lease income amounts in 2017 and a small portion of 2016 represent a portion of the up-front payment of $72,000 we received in fiscal 2014 for exploring for, developing, producing, and marketing oil and gas on 40 acres of mineral estate we own adjacent to the Lowry Range (the "Rangeview Lease"). The income received for the Rangeview Lease is being recognized ratably through June 2017.
 
 
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The oil and gas royalty income represents amounts received pursuant to the O&G Lease. The amount includes royalties from oil and gas production from wells in our mineral estate at Sky Ranch. The royalties for the three months ended May 31, 2017 were approximately $24,900, as compared to $76,400 for the same period in 2016. The royalties for the nine months ended May 31, 2017 were approximately $164,300, as compared to $271,000 for the same period in 2016. The decrease in oil and gas royalties is primarily attributed to one well undergoing maintenance during the quarter. As part of the maintenance the well ceased production for a substantial portion of the quarter ended May 31, 2017.
 
Interest income represents interest earned on the temporary investment of capital in cash and cash equivalents, available-for-sale securities, finance charges, and interest accrued on the notes receivable from Rangeview and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5. The increase was primarily attributable to the investment of cash received from the sale of our farms in August 2015 in a money market fund at a bank, certificates of deposit, and investments in U.S. treasury securities.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
For additional information about our discontinued operations, see Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
The following table provides the components of discontinued operations:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended May 31,
 
 
Nine Months Ended May 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Farm revenues
 $600 
 $- 
 $6,300 
 $276,000 
Farm expenses
  - 
  (22,700)
  - 
  (56,000)
  Gross profits (loss)
  600 
  (22,700)
  6,300 
  220,000 
 
    
    
    
    
General and administrative expenses
  11,900 
  48,400 
  48,300 
  287,800 
  Operating (loss) profit
  (11,300)
  (71,100)
  (42,000)
  (67,800)
Gain of sale of farm assets
  - 
  - 
  - 
  4,300 
Finance charges
  - 
  9,800 
  9,400 
  42,000 
  Income (loss) from discontinued operations
 $(11,300)
 $(61,300)
 $(32,600)
 $(21,500)
 
We anticipate continued expenses through the end of calendar 2017 related to the discontinued operation. We will incur expenses related to the remaining agricultural land we continue to own and for the purpose of collecting outstanding receivables.
 
Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position
 
At May 31, 2017, our working capital, defined as current assets less current liabilities, was $26.7 million, which included $26.0 million in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments, and we have an additional $1.4 million held in long-term investments.
 
We believe that as of May 31, 2017 and as of the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we have sufficient working capital to fund our operations for the next 12 months.
 
Sale of Farm Assets – We sold our Arkansas River farm assets for approximately $45.8 million on August 18, 2015.
 
 
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System Expansion – During the nine months ended May 31, 2017, we spent approximately $4.3 million to install approximately eight miles of pipeline and other infrastructure at our Sky Ranch water system and infrastructure at Rangeview. The pipeline was completed and placed into service in June 2017.
 
ECCV Capacity Operating System Pursuant to a 1982 contractual right, Rangeview may purchase water produced from the East Cherry Creek Valley Land Board System (“ECCV”), which is comprised of eight wells and more than 10 miles of buried water pipeline located on the Lowry Range. In May 2012, in order to increase the delivery capacity and reliability of these wells, in our capacity as Rangeview’s service provider and the Export Water Contractor (as defined in the 2014 Amended and Restated Lease Agreement among us, Rangeview and the Land Board), we entered into an agreement to operate and maintain the ECCV facilities, allowing us to utilize the system to provide water to commercial and industrial customers, including customers providing water for drilling and hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas wells. Our costs associated with the use of the ECCV system are a flat fee of $8,000 per month from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2020, and will decrease to $3,000 per month from January 1, 2021 through April 2032. Additionally, we pay a fee per 1,000 gallons of water produced from ECCV’s system, which is included in the water usage fees charged to customers. In addition, the ECCV system costs us approximately $1,900 per month to maintain.
 
South Metropolitan Water Supply Authority (“SMWSA”) and the Water Infrastructure Supply Efficiency Partnership (“WISE”) – SMWSA is a municipal water authority in the State of Colorado organized to pursue the acquisition and development of new water supplies on behalf of its members, including Rangeview. Pursuant to the SMWSA Participation Agreement with Rangeview, we agreed to provide funding to Rangeview in connection with its membership in the SMWSA. In July 2013, Rangeview, together with nine other SMWSA members, formed an entity to enable its members to participle in a cooperative water project known as WISE and entered into an agreement that specifies each member’s pro rata share of WISE and the members’ rights and obligations with respect to WISE. On December 31, 2013, the South Metro WISE Authority (“SMWA”), the City and County of Denver acting through its Board of Water Commissioners (“Denver Water”) and the City of Aurora acting by and through its Utility Enterprise (“Aurora Water”) entered into the Amended and Restated WISE Partnership – Water Delivery Agreement (the “WISE Partnership Agreement”), which provides for the purchase of certain infrastructure (pipelines, water storage facilities, water treatment facilities, and other appurtenant facilities) to deliver water to and among the 10 members of the SMWA, Denver Water and Aurora Water. We have entered into the Rangeview/‌Pure Cycle WISE Project Financing Agreement (the “WISE Financing Agreement”), which obligates us to fund Rangeview’s cost of participating in WISE. We anticipate that we will be investing approximately $1.2 million per year for each of the next five years to fund Rangeview’s purchase of its share of the water transmission line and additional facilities, water and related assets for WISE. In exchange for funding Rangeview’s obligations in WISE, we will have the sole right to use and reuse Rangeview’s 7% share of the WISE water and infrastructure to provide water service to Rangeview’s customers and to receive the revenue from such service. Upon completion of the WISE infrastructure in 2017, we expect to be entitled to approximately three million gallons per day of transmission pipeline capacity and 500 acre feet per year of water.
 
Summary Cash Flows Table