10-Q 1 form10q.htm 10-Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended February 28, 2019
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission file number 0-8814
PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Colorado
 
84-0705083
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

34501 E. Quincy Avenue, Bldg. 34, Watkins, CO
 
80137
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(303) 292 – 3456
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company ☒
 
Emerging growth company ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of April 5, 2019:

Common stock, 1/3 of $.01 par value
 
23,801,598
(Class)
 
(Number of Shares)



PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
INDEX TO FEBRUARY 28, 2019 FORM 10-Q

   
Page
     
1
     
 
1
     
 
1
     
 
2
     
 
3
     
 
5
     
 
6
     
  21
     
  34
     
  34
     
35
     
  35
     
36

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Consolidated Financial Statements

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

ASSETS:
 
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
3,977,307
   
$
11,565,038
 
Short-term investments
   
7,136,735
     
8,717,967
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
   
229,932
     
1,067,268
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
1,506,631
     
1,372,886
 
Inventories
   
12,144,114
     
5,195,059
 
Total current assets
   
24,994,719
     
27,918,218
 
                 
Long-term investments
   
     
190,370
 
Investments in water and water systems, net
   
41,993,268
     
36,721,884
 
Land and mineral interests
   
4,795,845
     
4,659,569
 
Notes receivable - related parties, including accrued interest
   
944,062
     
906,199
 
Other assets
   
885,398
     
777,734
 
Long-term land investment
   
450,641
     
450,641
 
Deferred tax asset
   
282,000
     
282,000
 
Total assets
 
$
74,345,933
   
$
71,906,615
 
                 
LIABILITIES:
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
189,767
   
$
787,662
 
Accrued liabilities
   
2,065,431
     
849,538
 
Deferred revenues, current
   
1,455,241
     
361,050
 
Deferred oil and gas lease payment, current
   
55,733
     
55,733
 
Total current liabilities
   
3,766,172
     
2,053,983
 
                 
Deferred revenues, less current portion
   
32,511
     
60,378
 
Participating Interests in Export Water Supply
   
333,275
     
339,035
 
Total liabilities
   
4,131,958
     
2,453,396
 
                 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
               
Preferred stock:
               
Series B - par value $.0.001 per share, 25 million shares authorized; 432,513 shares issued and outstanding (liquidation preference of $432,513)
   
433
     
433
 
Common stock:
               
Par value 1/3 of $.01 per share, 40 million shares authorized; 23,801,598 and 23,764,098 shares outstanding, respectively
   
79,344
     
79,218
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
172,107,735
     
171,831,293
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
12,687
     
66,446
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(101,986,224
)
   
(102,524,171
)
Total shareholders’ equity
   
70,213,975
     
69,453,219
 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
74,345,933
   
$
71,906,615
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended February 28,
   
Six Months Ended February 28,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2019
   
2018
 
Revenues:
                       
Metered water usage
 
$
159,018
   
$
803,771
   
$
1,526,869
   
$
1,726,344
 
Wastewater treatment fees
   
7,509
     
9,293
     
16,402
     
20,482
 
Water tap fees recognized
   
467,076
     
     
721,902
     
49,948
 
Lot sales
   
1,946,381
     
     
3,327,577
     
 
Other
   
50,435
     
31,597
     
110,218
     
58,019
 
Total revenues
   
2,630,419
     
844,661
     
5,702,968
     
1,854,793
 
                                 
Expenses:
                               
Water service operations
   
(229,620
)
   
(136,804
)
   
(564,784
)
   
(488,619
)
Wastewater service operations
   
(4,655
)
   
(8,684
)
   
(7,377
)
   
(14,671
)
Lot fee construction costs
   
(1,829,598
)
   
     
(3,127,922
)
   
 
Other
   
(31,140
)
   
(24,127
)
   
(70,273
)
   
(40,579
)
Depletion and depreciation
   
(161,114
)
   
(110,122
)
   
(312,375
)
   
(230,720
)
Total cost of revenues
   
(2,256,127
)
   
(279,737
)
   
(4,082,731
)
   
(774,589
)
Gross profit
   
374,292
     
564,924
     
1,620,237
     
1,080,204
 
                                 
General and administrative expenses
   
(559,608
)
   
(519,626
)
   
(1,198,441
)
   
(1,180,608
)
Depreciation
   
(90,392
)
   
(59,611
)
   
(178,405
)
   
(113,999
)
Operating (loss) income
   
(275,708
)
   
(14,313
)
   
243,391
     
(214,403
)
                                 
Other income (expense):
                               
Oil and gas lease income, net
   
13,934
     
13,933
     
27,867
     
23,222
 
Oil and gas royalty income, net
   
44,416
     
49,778
     
75,841
     
91,540
 
Interest income
   
121,661
     
52,512
     
192,823
     
106,974
 
Other
   
(328
)
   
(1,748
)
   
(1,975
)
   
(3,782
)
Income (loss) from operations before income taxes
   
(96,025
)
   
100,162
     
537,947
     
3,551
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(96,025
)
 
$
100,162
   
$
537,947
   
$
3,551
 
Unrealized holding gains (losses)
   
(65,555
)
   
11,096
     
(53,759
)
   
30,718
 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(161,580
)
 
$
111,258
   
$
484,188
   
$
34,269
 
                                 
Basic net income (loss) per common share
 
$
*
   
$
*
   
$
0.02
   
$
*
 
Diluted net income (loss) per common share
 
$
*
     
*
   
$
0.02
     
*
 
                                 
Weighted average common shares outstanding–basic
   
23,799,931
     
23,760,765
     
23,786,181
     
23,757,431
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding–diluted
   
23,799,931
     
23,915,194
     
23,995,760
     
23,893,272
 

* Amount is less than $0.01 per share

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Three Months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018
(unaudited)

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
November 30, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,789,098
   
$
79,302
   
$
172,012,936
   
$
78,242
   
$
(101,890,199
)
 
$
70,280,714
 
Stock option exercises
                   
12,500
   
$
42
   
$
36,558
     
     
     
36,600
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
58,241
     
     
     
58,241
 
Net loss
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
(96,025
)
   
(96,025
)
Unrealized holding gain on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
(65,555
)
   
     
(65,555
)
February 28, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,801,598
   
$
79,344
   
$
172,107,735
   
$
12,687
   
$
(101,986,224
)
 
$
70,213,975
 

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
November 30, 2017 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,754,098
   
$
79,185
   
$
171,511,679
   
$
8,517
   
$
(103,035,462
)
 
$
68,564,352
 
Stock option exercises
                   
10,000
   
$
33
   
$
74,967
     
     
     
75,000
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
77,385
     
     
     
77,385
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
100,162
     
100,162
 
Unrealized holding gain on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
11,096
     
     
11,096
 
February 28, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,764,098
   
$
79,218
   
$
171,664,031
   
$
19,613
   
$
(102,935,300
)
 
$
68,827,995
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Six Months Ended February 28, 2019 and 2018
(unaudited)

   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
August 31, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,764,098
   
$
79,218
   
$
171,831,293
   
$
66,446
   
$
(102,524,171
)
 
$
69,453,219
 
Stock option exercises
                   
37,500
   
$
126
   
$
114,725
     
     
     
114,851
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
161,717
     
     
     
161,717
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
537,947
     
537,947
 
Unrealized holding gain on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
(53,759
)
   
     
(53,759
)
February 28, 2019 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,801,598
   
$
79,344
   
$
172,107,735
   
$
12,687
   
$
(101,986,224
)
 
$
70,213,975
 


   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
August 31, 2017 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,754,098
   
$
79,185
   
$
171,431,486
   
$
(11,105
)
 
$
(103,993,900
)
 
$
67,506,099
 
Stock option exercises
                   
10,000
   
$
33
   
$
74,967
     
     
     
75,000
 
Share-based compensation
   
     
     
     
     
157,578
     
     
     
157,578
 
Adoption of accounting standards
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
1,055,049
     
1,055,049
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
     
     
3,551
     
3,551
 
Unrealized holding gain on investments
   
     
     
     
     
     
30,718
     
     
30,718
 
February 28, 2018 balance:
   
432,513
   
$
433
     
23,764,098
   
$
79,218
   
$
171,664,031
   
$
19,613
   
$
(102,935,300
)
 
$
68,827,995
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

4

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)

   
Six Months Ended February 28,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
 
$
537,947
   
$
3,551
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and depletion
   
490,780
     
344,719
 
Recovery of bad debt expense
   
(31,233
)
   
 
Equity loss in Well Enhancement Recovery Systems, LLC
   
5,203
     
5,204
 
Share-based compensation expense
   
161,717
     
157,578
 
Interest income and other non-cash items
   
(210
)
   
30,508
 
Interest added to receivable from related parties
   
(19,885
)
   
(15,057
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Trade accounts receivable
   
868,570
     
(226,092
)
Prepaid expenses
   
(133,745
)
   
(1,091,882
)
Inventories
   
(5,016,918
)
   
 
Notes receivable - related parties
   
(17,978
)
   
(60,244
)
Other assets
   
(90,097
)
   
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
   
(1,314,140
)
   
(332,008
)
Deferred revenues
   
1,094,191
     
 
Deferred oil and gas lease payment
   
(27,867
)
   
143,978
 
Net cash used in operating activities
   
(3,493,665
)
   
(1,039,745
)
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Sale and maturities of short-term investments
   
22,555,619
     
2,928,145
 
Purchase of short-term investments
   
(20,837,776
)
   
(1,244,889
)
Investments in water, water systems, and land
   
(5,788,964
)
   
(1,769,695
)
Investments in Sky Ranch development
   
     
(1,490,000
)
Purchase of property and equipment
   
(132,034
)
   
(160,699
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(4,203,155
)
   
(1,737,138
)
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from note receivable - related parties
   
     
215,504
 
Proceeds from the issuance of stock
   
114,851
     
75,000
 
Payments to contingent liability holders
   
(5,762
)
   
(1,621
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
109,089
     
288,883
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
(7,587,731
)
   
(2,488,000
)
Cash and cash equivalents – beginning of period
   
11,565,038
     
5,575,823
 
Cash and cash equivalents – end of period
 
$
3,977,307
   
$
3,087,823
 
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES                
Inventories included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 1,932,137     $  

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

5

PURE CYCLE CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
February 28, 2019

NOTE 1 – PRESENTATION OF INTERIM INFORMATION

The February 28, 2019 consolidated balance sheet, the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, the consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity for the three and six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018 have been prepared by Pure Cycle Corporation (the “Company”) and have not been audited. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows at February 28, 2019, and for all periods presented.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018 (the “2018 Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on November 13, 2018. The results of operations for interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year. The August 31, 2018 balance sheet was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements.

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2018 financial statements to conform to the consolidated 2019 financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net earnings or cash flows previously reported.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less. The Company’s cash equivalents are comprised entirely of money market funds maintained at a reputable financial institution. At various times during the three months ended February 28, 2019, the Company’s main operating account exceeded federally insured limits. To date, the Company has not suffered a loss due to such excess balance.

Land Development Inventories

Inventories primarily include land held for development and sale and are stated at cost. Capitalized lot development costs at Sky Ranch are costs incurred to construct finished lots at Sky Ranch that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria for improvements to a lot and are capitalized as incurred. The Company capitalizes certain legal, engineering, design, permitting, land acquisition, and construction costs related to the development of lots at Sky Ranch. The Company uses the specific identification method for the purpose of accumulating land development costs and allocates costs to each lot to determine the cost basis for each lot sale. The Company records land cost of sales for two of three of our builders over time based on inputs of costs to total costs and for one builder at a point in time as lots are delivered.

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment (“ASC 360”), the Company measures land held for sale at the lower of the carrying value or fair value less estimated costs to sell. In determining fair value, the Company primarily relies upon the most recent negotiated price. If a negotiated price is not available, the Company will consider several factors, including, but not limited to, current market conditions, recent comparable sales transactions and market analysis studies. If the fair value less estimated costs to sell is lower than the current carrying value, the land is impaired to its estimated fair value less costs to sell.

Contract Asset

Contract receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. Credit is extended based on the evaluation of a customer’s financial condition and collateral is not required. Contract asset is revenue which has been earned but not invoiced. The contract assets are transferred to the receivables when the Company has the right to bill such amounts and they are invoiced.

6

Investments

Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments in certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury debt securities at the time of purchase and re-evaluates such determinations each reporting period.

Certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury debt securities are classified as held-to-maturity when the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. The Company has $191,600 of investments classified as held-to-maturity at February 28, 2019, which represent certificates of deposit with a maturity date in October 2019.

Securities that the Company does not have the positive intent or ability to hold to maturity, including certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury debt securities, are reported at their fair value. Changes in value of such securities are recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. The Company’s U.S. Treasury debt securities matured at various dates through March 2019.

Concentration of Credit Risk and Fair Value

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents and investments. From time to time, the Company places its cash in money market instruments, certificates of deposit and U.S. Treasury obligations. To date, the Company has not experienced significant losses on any of these investments.

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument for which it is practicable to estimate that value.

Cash and Cash Equivalents – The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are reported using the values as reported by the financial institution where the funds are held. These securities primarily include balances in the Company’s operating and savings accounts. The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value.

Trade Accounts Receivable – The Company records accounts receivable net of allowances for uncollectible accounts.

Investments – The carrying amounts of investments approximate fair value. The Company also holds a certificate of deposit that is not carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets and is classified as a held-to-maturity security. Investments are described further in Note 2 – Fair Value Measurements.

Accounts Payable – The carrying amounts of accounts payable approximate fair value due to the relatively short period to maturity for these instruments.

Long-Term Financial Liabilities Comprehensive Amendment Agreement No. 1 (the “CAA”) is comprised of a recorded balance sheet and an off-balance sheet or “contingent” obligation associated with the Company’s acquisition of its “Rangeview Water Supply” (as defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report). The amount payable is a fixed amount but is repayable only upon the sale of “Export Water” (as defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report). Because of the uncertainty of the sale of Export Water, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. The CAA is described further in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.

Notes Receivable – Related PartiesThe carrying amounts of the notes receivable – related parties: Rangeview Metropolitan District (the “Rangeview District”), Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5, and the Sky Ranch Community Authority Board (the “CAB”) approximate their fair value because the interest rates on the notes approximate market rates.

Off-Balance Sheet Instruments – The Company’s off-balance sheet instruments consist entirely of the contingent portion of the CAA. Because repayment of this portion of the CAA is contingent on the sale of Export Water, which is not reasonably estimable, the Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value. See further discussion in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease – Participating Interests in Export Water Supply.

Revenue Recognition

The Company disaggregates revenue by major product line as reported on the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

The Company generates revenues through two lines of business. Revenues are derived through its wholesale water and wastewater business and through the sale of developed land primarily for residential lots, both of which businesses are described below.

7

Wholesale Water and Wastewater Fees

The Company generates revenues through its wholesale water and wastewater business predominantly from three sources: (i) monthly wholesale water usage fees and wastewater service fees, including monthly usage fees for water deliveries to the oil and gas industry for hydraulic fracturing, (ii) one-time water and wastewater tap fees and construction fees/Special Facility funding (as defined below), and (iii) consulting fees. Because these items are separately delivered and distinct, the Company accounts for each of the items separately, as described below.


(i)
Monthly water usage and wastewater treatment fees  Monthly wholesale water usage charges are assessed to the Company’s customers based on actual metered usage each month plus a base monthly service fee assessed per single family equivalent (“SFE”) unit served. One SFE is a customer, whether residential, commercial or industrial, that imparts a demand on the Company’s water or wastewater systems similar to the demand of a family of four persons living in a single-family house on a standard-sized lot. One SFE is assumed to have a water demand of approximately 0.4 acre feet per year and to contribute wastewater flows of approximately 300 gallons per day. Water usage pricing uses a tiered pricing structure. The Company recognizes wholesale water usage revenues at a point in time upon delivering water to its customers or its governmental customers’ end-use customers, as applicable. Revenues recognized by the Company from the sale of Export Water and other portions of its Rangeview Water Supply off the “Lowry Range” (as described in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report) are shown gross of royalties to the State of Colorado Board of Land Commissioners (the “Land Board”). The Company is the distributor of the Export Water and sets pricing for the sale of Export Water. Revenues recognized by the Company from the sale of water on the Lowry Range are shown net of royalties paid to the Land Board and amounts retained by the Rangeview District. For water sales on the Lowry Range, the Rangeview District is directly selling the water and deemed the distributor of the water. The Rangeview District sets the price for the water sales on the Lowry Range. See further description of Export Water, the Lowry Range, and the Rangeview Water Supply in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets under “Rangeview Water Supply and Water System” in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report.

In addition to providing domestic water, the Company provides raw water for hydraulic fracturing to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry that are located in and adjacent to its service areas. Frack water revenues are recognized at a point in time upon delivering water to a customer.

The Company delivered 13.8 million and 62.7 million gallons of water to customers during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of which 68% and 94% was used for oil and gas exploration. The Company delivered 135.4 million and 140.2 million gallons of water to customers during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of which 79% and 90% was used for oil and gas exploration.

The Company recognizes wastewater treatment revenues monthly based on a flat monthly fee and actual usage charges. The monthly wastewater treatment fees are shown net of amounts retained by the Rangeview District. Costs of delivering water and providing wastewater service to customers are recognized as incurred.


(ii)
Water and wastewater tap fees/Special Facility funding – The Company recognizes water and wastewater tap fees as revenue at the time the Company grants a right for the customer to tap into the water or wastewater service line to obtain service. The Company recognized $392,500 and $0 of water tap fee revenues during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $619,400 and $49,900 of water tap fee revenues during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The water tap fees recognized are based on the amounts billed by the Rangeview District and any amounts paid to third parties pursuant to the CAA as further described in Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating LeaseParticipating Interests in Export Water Supply below. The Company recognized $74,500 and $102,500 of wastewater tap fee revenues during the three and six months ended February 28, 2019, respectively. No wastewater taps were sold during the three or six months ended February 28, 2018.

The Company recognizes construction fees, including fees received to construct “Special Facilities,” over time as the construction is completed because the customer is generally able to use the property improvement to enhance the value of other assets during the construction period. Special Facilities are facilities that enable water to be delivered to a single customer and are not otherwise classified as a typical wholesale facility or retail facility. Temporary infrastructure required prior to construction of permanent water and wastewater systems or transmission pipelines to transfer water from one location to another are examples of Special Facilities. Management has determined that Special Facilities are separate and distinct performance obligations because these projects are contracted to construct a specific water and wastewater system or transmission pipeline and typically do not include multiple performance obligations in a contract with a customer. No Special Facilities revenue has been recognized during the three and six months ended February 28, 2019 or 2018.


(iii)
Consulting fees – Consulting fees are fees that the Company receives, typically on a monthly basis, from municipalities and area water providers along the I-70 corridor, for contract operations services over time as services are consumed. Consulting fees are recognized monthly based on a flat monthly fee plus charges for additional work performed. The Company recognized $50,400 and $31,600 of consulting fees during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively and $110,200 and $58,000 of consulting fees during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

8

Land Development Activities

The Company generates revenues through the sale of finished lots at its Sky Ranch development primarily from several sources of revenues: (i) the sale of finished lots, (ii) construction support activities, (iii) project management services, and (iv) reimbursable expenses incurred to develop certain infrastructure.


(i)
Sale of finished lots – The Company acquired 931 acres of land zoned as a Master Planned Community known as Sky Ranch along the I-70 corridor east of Denver, Colorado. The Company has entered into purchase and sale agreements with three separate home builders pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell, and each builder agreed to purchase, residential lots at the property. The Company began construction of lots on March 1, 2018 and segments its reporting of the activity relating to the costs and revenues from the construction and sale of lots at Sky Ranch.

The Company sells lots at Sky Ranch pursuant to distinct agreements with each builder. These agreements follow one of two formats. One format is the sale of a finished lot, whereby the purchaser pays for a ready-to-build finished lot and payment is a lump-sum payment upon completion of the finished lot. The Company recognizes revenues at the point in time of the closing of the sale of a finished lot in which control transfers to the builder and the builder is able to obtain a building permit, as the transaction cycle is complete, and the Company has no further obligations for the lot. As of the three and six months ended February 28, 2019, the Company had received from one home builder in exchange for the delivery of four platted lots a total payment of $300,000, which was recognized at a point of time of the closing of the sale of the finished lots. No revenue was recognized for lot sales at a point in time for the three or six months ended February 28, 2018.

The Company’s second format is the sale of finished lots pursuant to a development agreement with builders, whereby the Company receives payments in stages that include (i) payment upon the delivery of platted lots (which requires the Company to deliver deeded title to individual lots), (ii) a second payment upon the completion of certain infrastructure milestones, and (iii) final payment upon the delivery of the finished lot. Ownership and control of the platted lots pass to the builders once the Company closes the sale of the platted lots. Because the builder (i.e., the customer) takes control of the lot at the first closing and subsequent improvements made by the Company improve the builder’s lot as construction progresses, the Company accounts for revenue over time with progress measured based upon costs incurred to date compared to total expected costs and any revenue in excess of amounts entitled to be billed are reflected on the balance sheet as a contract asset and amounts received in excess of revenue recognized are recorded as deferred revenue. As of February 28, 2019, the Company had received from three home builders in exchange for delivery of 150 platted lots total payments of $6.6 million, of which $5.2 million had been recognized based upon costs incurred to date compared to total expected costs. For the three and six months ended February 28, 2019, the Company recognized $1,646,400 and $3,027,600 of lot sales over time, respectively. No revenue was recognized for lot sales for the three or six months ended February 28, 2018. The Company had deferred revenue related to lot sales of $1,455,200 and $0 as of February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company does not have any material significant payment terms as all payments are expected to be received within 12 months after the delivery of each platted lot.  The Company adopted the practical expedient for financing components and does not need to account for a financing component of these lot sales as the delivery of lot sales is expected to occur within one year or less.


(ii)
Construction support activities – The Company performs certain construction activities at Sky Ranch. The activities performed include construction and maintenance of the grading erosion and sediment control best management practices and other construction-related services. These activities are invoiced upon completion and will accrue to the reimbursable amount due from the CAB upon issuance of municipal bonds by the CAB. Once the municipal bonds are issued, all reimbursable costs will be recorded as a note receivable and will reduce any remaining capitalized costs. Any excess will be recognized as a gain from the sale of municipal bond securities. To date, the Company has invoiced the CAB $340,700 for construction support activities, which amount is included in Inventories.


(iii)
Project management services – The Company entered into two Service Agreements for Project Management Services with the CAB on May 2, 2018. The CAB was organized by Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1 and 5 to construct, operate and maintain certain public facilities and improvements in accordance with the Sky Ranch Community Authority Board Establishment Agreement and each of the service plans for Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1 and 5. The Company has experience in providing project improvement services and is willing to provide such services to the CAB for reasonable consideration.

9

Pursuant to these agreements, the Company acts as the project manager and provides any and all services required to deliver the CAB-eligible improvements, including but not limited to CAB compliance; planning design and approvals; project administration; contractor agreements; and construction management and administration. The Company must submit to the CAB a monthly invoice, in a form acceptable to the CAB. Invoices must be submitted no more frequently than once a month. The Company is responsible for all expenses it incurs in the performance of the agreements and is not entitled to any reimbursement or compensation except as defined in the agreements, unless otherwise approved in advance by the CAB in writing. The CAB is subject to annual budget and appropriation procedures and does not intend to create a multiple-fiscal year direct or indirect debt or other financial obligation. The Company receives a project management fee of five percent (5%) of actual construction costs of CAB-eligible improvements. The project management fee qualifies as a reimbursable cost to the Company. The project management fee is based only on the actual costs of the improvements; thus, items such as fees, permits, review fees, consultant or other soft costs, and land acquisition or any other costs that are not directly related to the cost of construction of CAB-eligible improvements are not included in the calculation of the project management fee. Soft costs and other costs that are not directly related to the construction of CAB-eligible improvements are being accrued to the reimbursable amount due from the CAB upon issuance of municipal bonds by the CAB. Once the municipal bonds are issued, all reimbursable costs will be recorded as a note receivable and will reduce any remaining capitalized costs. Any excess will be recognized as a gain from the sale of municipal bond securities. To date, the Company has accrued $580,400 in project management services to the CAB, which amount is included in Inventories.


(iv)
Reimbursable expenses – The CAB is required to construct certain infrastructure, the costs of which qualify as reimbursable costs. Reimbursable costs include water distribution systems, sewer collection systems, storm water system, drainage improvements, roads, curb, sidewalks, landscaping, and parks. The Company is obligated to finance this infrastructure pursuant to its agreements with the CAB (see Note 14 – Related Parties in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report). The Company and the CAB have agreed that no payment is required with respect to advances made by the Company or expenses incurred related to construction of improvements unless and until the CAB and/or the Sky Ranch Districts (as defined in Note 6 – Related Party Transactions) issue bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of the advances made and expenses incurred. Due to this contingency, the reimbursable costs are included in lot development costs until the point in time when bonding is obtained. At that point, all previously incurred reimbursable costs will be recorded as a note receivable.

The Company evaluated disaggregation of revenue and has determined that no additional disaggregation of revenue is necessary.

Contract asset by segment is as follows:

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
   
$
 
Land development activities
   
     
 
Corporate
   
     
 
Balance, end of period
 
$
   
$
 

Changes in contract asset were as follows:

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
   
$
 
Recognition of revenue contract asset
   
1,020,146
     
 
Contract asset invoiced
   
(1,020,146
)
   
 
Balance, end of period
 
$
   
$
 

Deferred revenue by segment is as follows:

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
   
$
 
Land development activities
   
1,455,241
     
361,050
 
Oil and gas leases
   
88,244
     
116,111
 
Balance, end of period
   
1,543,485
     
477,161
 
Oil and gas leases, less current portion
   
(55,733
)
   
(55,733
)
Oil and gas leases, long term
   
32,511
     
60,378
 
Total oil and gas leases
 
$
88,244
   
$
116,111
 

Changes in deferred revenue were as follows:

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
477,161
   
$
1,055,488
 
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASU 2014-09
   
     
(1,055,488
)
Deferral of revenue
   
4,121,768
     
2,667,200
 
Recognition of unearned revenue
   
(3,055,444
)
   
(2,190,039
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
1,543,485
   
$
477,161
 

10

Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized (“contracted not recognized revenue”), which includes unearned revenue and amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods. At February 28, 2019, the Company had outstanding open contracts for $29,387,700, which primarily related to the sale of 506 lots at Sky Ranch. The Company expects to recognize approximately 54% of such revenue over the next 12 months.

Inventories

Inventories include land held for development and sale that the Company has developed and are stated at cost. Capitalized lot development costs at Sky Ranch are costs incurred to construct finished lots at Sky Ranch that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria for improvements to a lot and are capitalized as incurred. The Company capitalizes certain legal, engineering, design, permitting, land acquisition, and construction costs related to the development of lots at Sky Ranch. The Company uses the specific identification method for purposes of accumulating land development costs and allocates costs to each lot to determine the cost basis for each lot sale. The Company records all land cost of sales for those contracts accounted for over time with progress measured based upon costs incurred to date compared to total expected costs. For customer contracts accounted for at a point in time, all costs are accumulated and recognized at the point in time control transfers to the customer, which is generally at closing for each finished lot. Inventory costs include common area costs that the Company funded through the CAB.  The Company expects that the costs will be reimbursed by the CAB. The Company will record any reimbursements as a reduction of cost once the CAB has the ability to reimburse the costs (i.e., once the CAB has issued bonds).

In accordance with ASC 360, the Company measures land held for sale at the lower of the carrying value or fair value less estimated costs to sell. In determining fair value, the Company primarily relies upon the most recent negotiated price. If a negotiated price is not available, the Company will consider several factors, including, but not limited to, current market conditions, recent comparable sales transactions and market analysis studies. If the fair value less estimated costs to sell is lower than the current carrying value, the land is impaired to its estimated fair value less costs to sell.

Royalty and Other Obligations

Revenues from the sale of Export Water are shown gross of royalties payable to the Land Board. Revenues from the sale of water on the Lowry Range are invoiced directly by the Rangeview District, and a percentage of such collections are then paid to the Company by the Rangeview District. Water revenue from such sales are shown net of royalties paid to the Land Board and amounts retained by the Rangeview District.

Oil and Gas Lease Payments

As further described in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report, the Company entered into a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease and a Surface Use and Damage Agreement that were subsequently purchased by a wholly owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips Company. Two wells were drilled within the Company’s mineral interest and placed into service and began producing oil and gas and accruing royalties to the Company. During the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, the Company received $44,400 and $49,800 net of taxes, respectively, in royalties attributable to these two wells. During the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, the Company received $75,800 and $91,500 net of taxes, respectively, in royalties attributable to these two wells. The Company classifies income from oil and gas lease and royalty payments as Other income in the statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss) as the Company does not consider these arrangements to be a primary operating business activity.

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenue as of February 28, 2019, was comprised of unearned revenue from a Paid-Up Oil and Gas Lease between the Company and Bison Oil and Gas, LLP, for the purpose of exploring for, developing, producing, and marketing oil and gas on the 40 acres of mineral estate that the Company owns adjacent to the Lowry Range (the “Bison Lease”) and unearned revenue from advanced payments for lot sales at Sky Ranch.

The Company received an up-front payment of $167,200 in fiscal 2018, which will be recognized as income on a straight-line basis over three years (the term of the Bison Lease). The Company recognized lease income of $13,900 during each of the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018 related to the up-front payment received pursuant to the Bison Lease. The Company recognized lease income of $27,900 and $23,200 during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, related to the up-front payment received pursuant to the Bison Lease. As of February 28, 2019, and August 31, 2018, the Company had deferred revenue of $88,300 and $116,100, respectively, related to the Bison Lease that will be recognized as income ratably through September 2020.

As of February 28, 2019, the Company had deferred revenue from lot sales of approximately $1.5 million, which included (1) a $4.4 million payment from two builders for sales of platted lots at Sky Ranch, net of $3.3 million of lot fee revenue recognized in the six months ended February 28, 2019, based on the input method of total project costs incurred as a percent of completion, and (2) a $2.5 million payment from two builders for sales of platted lots at Sky Ranch, net of $2.1 million of lot fee revenue recognized in fiscal 2018 based on the input method of total project costs incurred as a percent of completion.

11

Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the eventual use of the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

Capitalized Costs of Water and Wastewater Systems and Depletion and Depreciation of Water Assets

Costs to construct water and wastewater systems that meet the Company’s capitalization criteria are capitalized as incurred, including any interest, and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of up to 30 years. The Company capitalizes design and construction costs related to construction activities, and it capitalizes certain legal, engineering and permitting costs relating to the adjudication and improvement of its water assets. The Company depletes its groundwater assets that are being utilized on the basis of units produced (i.e., thousands of gallons sold) divided by the total volume of water adjudicated in the water decrees.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company maintains a stock option plan for the benefit of its employees and non-employee directors. The Company records share-based compensation costs as expense over the applicable vesting period of the stock award using the straight-line method. The compensation costs to be expensed are measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The Company has adopted the alternative transition method for calculating the tax effects of share-based compensation, which allows for a simplified method of calculating the tax effects of employee share-based compensation. Because the Company has a full valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets, the granting and exercise of stock options has no impact on the income tax provisions. The Company recognized $58,200 and $77,400 of share-based compensation expense during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company recognized $161,700 and $157,600 of share-based compensation expense during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Income Taxes

The Company uses a “more-likely-than-not” threshold for the recognition and de-recognition of tax positions, including any potential interest and penalties relating to tax positions taken by the Company. The Company did not have any significant unrecognized tax benefits as of February 28, 2019.

As a result of H.R.1, commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), signed into law on December 22, 2017, the Company has a $282,000 alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) deferred tax asset for which it did not have a valuation allowance as of February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018.  The Company expects to receive the AMT as a refund in future years.  Most, if not all, of this credit will be refundable starting with the filing of the 2018 (fiscal year ending 2019) through 2021 (fiscal year ending 2022) tax returns, subject to limitations of Internal Revenue Code Section 382 (arises with ownership changes) and the sequestration limitation of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. The Company has evaluated the Tax Act and determined that the impact was immaterial.

The Company files income tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service and the State of Colorado. The tax years that remain subject to examination are fiscal year 2015 through fiscal year 2018.

The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. At February 28, 2019, the Company did not have any accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor was any interest expense recognized during the three or six months ended February 28, 2019 or 2018.

Income (Loss) per Common Share

Income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period. Common stock options of 209,579 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 28, 2019, were included in the calculation of income per common share as dilutive common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method. Common stock options aggregating 50,000 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 28, 2019, have been excluded from the calculation of income per common share as their effect is anti-dilutive. Common stock options of 135,840 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 28, 2018, were included in the calculation of income per common share as dilutive common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method. Common stock options aggregating 32,500 common share equivalents as of the six months ended February 28, 2018, have been excluded from the calculation of income per common share as their effect is anti-dilutive.

12

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability. When it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its consolidated financial statements and to ensure that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s consolidated financial statements properly reflect the change. New pronouncements assessed by the Company recently are discussed below:

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 provides guidance on the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of leases. The new standard supersedes the present GAAP standard on leases and requires substantially all leases to be reported on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets and lease obligations. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2016-02.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.  Among other things, these amendments require the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Companies will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the provisions of the standard and the impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220); Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The amendments in ASU 2018-02 allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Act. Consequently, the amendments eliminate the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Act and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period after issuance of the standard. The Company believes the impact of this standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements is immaterial.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2018-07 is intended to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for share-based payments issued to nonemployees. This standard expands the scope of ASC Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation, which currently only includes share-based payments issued to employees, to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods and services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. ASU 2018-07 supersedes ASC Subtopic 505-50, Equity — Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within these fiscal years. The Company is currently in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 2 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date in the principal or most advantageous market. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that has three levels of inputs, both observable and unobservable, with use of the lowest possible level of significant input to determine where within the fair value hierarchy the measurement falls.

Level 1 — Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in active exchange markets, such as the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Company had no Level 1 assets or liabilities as of February 28, 2019 or August 31, 2018.

Level 2 — Valuations for assets and liabilities obtained from readily available pricing sources via independent providers for market transactions involving similar assets or liabilities. The Company had four and seven Level 2 assets as of February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively, which consist of  U.S. Treasury debt securities.

Level 3 — Valuations for assets and liabilities that are derived from other valuation methodologies, including discounted cash flow models and similar techniques, and not based on market exchange, dealer, or broker-traded transactions. Level 3 valuations incorporate certain assumptions and projections in determining the fair value assigned to such assets or liabilities. The Company had one Level 3 liability, the contingent portion of the CAA, as of February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018. The Company has determined that the contingent portion of the CAA does not have a determinable fair value (see Note 4 – Long-Term Obligations and Operating Lease).

The Company maintains policies and procedures to value instruments using what management believes to be the best and most relevant data available.

13

Level 2 Asset – Investments. The Company’s debt securities are the Company’s only financial asset measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The fair value of investment securities is based on the values reported by the financial institutions where the funds are held. Investment securities include U.S. Treasury debt securities.

The Company’s non-financial assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis when assessing recoverability consist entirely of its investments in water and water systems and other long-lived assets. See Note 3 – Water and Land Assets below.

The following table provides information on the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of February 28, 2019:

               
Fair Value Measurement Using:
       
   
Fair Value
   
Cost /
Other Value
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Accumulated
Unrealized
Gains and
(Losses)
 
U.S. Treasury debt securities
 
$
6,938,600
   
$
6,925,900
   
$
   
$
6,938,600
   
$
   
$
12,700
 
Total
 
$
6,938,600
   
$
6,925,900
   
$
   
$
6,938,600
   
$
   
$
12,700
 

The following table provides information on the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of August 31, 2018:

               
Fair Value Measurement Using:
       
   
Fair Value
   
Cost /
Other Value
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   
Accumulated
Unrealized
Gains and
(Losses)
 
U.S. Treasury debt securities
 
$
8,718,000
   
$
8,644,900
   
$
   
$
8,718,000
   
$
   
$
66,400
 
Total
 
$
8,718,000
   
$
8,644,900
   
$
   
$
8,718,000
   
$
   
$
66,400
 

The Company also holds a certificate of deposit that is not carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets and is classified as a held-to-maturity security. As of February 28, 2019, the carrying amount of held-to-maturity securities was $191,600 and is included in short-term investments in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. As of August 31, 2018, the carrying amount of held-to-maturity securities was $190,400 and is recorded as long-term investments in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 3 – WATER AND LAND ASSETS

The Company’s water rights and current water and wastewater service agreements are more fully described in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report. There have been no significant changes to the Company’s water rights or water and wastewater service agreements during the six months ended February 28, 2019.

Investment in Water and Water Systems

The Company’s Investments in Water and Water Systems consist of the following costs and accumulated depreciation and depletion at February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018:

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
   
Costs
   
Accumulated
Depreciation
and Depletion
   
Costs
   
Accumulated
Depreciation
and Depletion
 
Rangeview Water Supply
 
$
14,820,700
   
$
(13,500
)
 
$
14,813,800
   
$
(12,800
)
Sky Ranch water rights and other costs
   
7,338,100
     
(652,600
)
   
7,171,700
     
(561,400
)
Fairgrounds water and water system
   
2,899,900
     
(1,106,900
)
   
2,899,900
     
(1,062,900
)
Rangeview water system
   
2,679,100
     
(288,800
)
   
1,655,600
     
(261,200
)
Water Supply – Other
   
4,535,600
     
(748,700
)
   
4,337,200
     
(625,300
)
Wild Pointe service rights
   
1,631,700
     
(267,700
)
   
1,631,700
     
(267,700
)
Sky Ranch pipeline
   
5,697,400
     
(316,400
)
   
5,615,900
     
(222,000
)
Construction in progress
   
5,785,400
     
     
1,609,400
     
 
Totals
   
45,387,900
     
(3,394,600
)
   
39,735,200
     
(3,013,300
)
Net investments in water and water systems
 
$
41,993,300
           
$
36,721,900
         

14

Capitalized terms in this section not defined herein are defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report.

Construction in progress primarily consists of capital water projects at Sky Ranch, including the wastewater facility, the water storage tank and the water pump station.

Depletion and Depreciation

The Company recorded depletion charges of $200 and $900 during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $800 and $1,000 during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The depletion was related entirely to the Rangeview Water Supply.

The Company recorded $251,300 and $169,700 of depreciation expense during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company recorded $491,000 and $344,700 of depreciation expense during the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These figures include depreciation for other equipment not included in the table above.

NOTE 4 – LONG-TERM OBLIGATIONS AND OPERATING LEASE

The Participating Interests in Export Water Supply is an obligation of the Company that has no scheduled maturity date. Therefore, maturity of this liability is not disclosed in tabular format but is described below.

Participating Interests in Export Water Supply

The Company acquired its Rangeview Water Supply through various amended agreements entered into in the early 1990s. The acquisition was consummated with the signing of the CAA in 1996. Upon entering into the CAA, the Company recorded an initial liability of $11.1 million, which represented the cash that the Company received from the participating interest holders that was used to purchase the Company’s Export Water (described in greater detail in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report). The Company agreed to remit a total of $31.8 million of proceeds received from the sale of Export Water to the participating interest holders in return for their initial $11.1 million investment. The obligation for the $11.1 million was recorded as debt, and the remaining $20.7 million contingent liability was not reflected on the Company’s balance sheet because the obligation to pay this is contingent on the sale of Export Water, the amounts and timing of which are not reasonably determinable.

The CAA obligation is non-interest bearing, and if the Export Water is not sold, the parties to the CAA have no recourse against the Company. If the Company does not sell the Export Water, the holders of the Series B preferred stock of the Company are also not entitled to payment of any dividend and have no contractual recourse against the Company.

As the proceeds from the sale of Export Water are received and the amounts are remitted to the external CAA holders, the Company allocates a ratable percentage of this payment to the principal portion (the Participating Interests in Export Water Supply liability account), with the balance of the payment being charged to the contingent obligation portion. Because the original recorded liability, which was $11.1 million, was 35% of the original total liability of $31.8 million, approximately 35% of each payment remitted to the CAA holders is allocated to the recorded liability account. The remaining portion of each payment, or approximately 65%, is allocated to the contingent obligation, which is recorded on a net revenue basis.

From time to time, the Company reacquired various portions of the CAA obligations, which retained their original priority, including the Land Board’s CAA interest which was assigned and relinquished to the Company in 2014. The Company did not make any CAA acquisitions during the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018.

As a result of the acquisitions, the Company is currently allocated approximately 88% of the total proceeds from the sale of Export Water after payment of the Land Board royalty. The acquisitions and cumulative sales of Export Water are detailed in the table below. The remaining potential third-party obligation at February 28, 2019, is approximately $1 million.

15

   
Export
Water
Proceeds
Received
   
Initial Export
Water
Proceeds to
Pure Cycle
   
Total
Potential
Third-Party
Obligation
   
Participating
Interests
Liability
   
Contingency
 
Original balances
 
$
   
$
218,500
   
$
31,807,700
   
$
11,090,600
   
$
20,717,100
 
Activity from inception until August 31, 2018:
                                       
Acquisitions
   
     
28,042,500
     
(28,042,500
)
   
(9,790,000
)
   
(18,252,500
)
Relinquishment
   
     
2,386,400
     
(2,386,400
)
   
(832,100
)
   
(1,554,300
)
Option payments - Sky Ranch and The Hills at Sky Ranch
   
110,400
     
(42,300
)
   
(68,100
)
   
(23,800
)
   
(44,300
)
Arapahoe County tap fees (1)
   
533,000
     
(373,100
)
   
(159,900
)
   
(55,800
)
   
(104,100
)
Export Water sale payments
   
737,300
     
(593,900
)
   
(143,400
)
   
(49,800
)
   
(93,600
)
Balance at August 31, 2018
   
1,380,700
     
29,638,100
     
1,007,400
     
339,100
     
668,300
 
Fiscal 2019 activity:
                                       
Export Water sale payments
   
138,900
     
(122,400
)
   
(16,500
)
   
(5,800
)
   
(10,700
)
Balance at February 28, 2019
 
$
1,519,600
   
$
29,515,700
   
$
990,900
   
$
333,300
   
$
657,600
 

(1)
The Arapahoe County tap fees are net of $34,522 in royalties paid to the Land Board.

The CAA includes contractually established priorities which call for payments to CAA holders in order of their priority. This means that the first payees receive their full payment before the next priority level receives any payment and so on until full repayment. Of the next approximately $6.5 million of Export Water payouts, which based on current payout levels would occur over several years, the Company will receive approximately $5.7 million of revenue. Thereafter, the Company will be entitled to all but approximately $220,000 of the proceeds from the sale of Export Water after deduction of the Land Board royalty.

WISE Partnership

In December 2014, the Company, through the Rangeview District, consented to the waiver of all contingencies set forth in the Amended and Restated WISE Partnership – Water Delivery Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “WISE Partnership Agreement”), among the City and County of Denver acting through its Board of Water Commissioners (“Denver Water”), the City of Aurora acting by and through its Utility Enterprise (“Aurora Water”), and the South Metro WISE Authority (“SMWA”). The SMWA was formed by the Rangeview District and nine other governmental or quasi-governmental water providers pursuant to the South Metro WISE Authority Formation and Organizational Intergovernmental Agreement, dated December 31, 2013 (the “SM IGA”), to enable the members of SMWA to participate in the regional water supply project known as the Water Infrastructure Supply Efficiency partnership (“WISE”) created by the WISE Partnership Agreement. The SM IGA specifies each member’s pro rata share of WISE and the members’ rights and obligations with respect to WISE. The WISE Partnership Agreement provides for the purchase of certain infrastructure (i.e., pipelines, water storage facilities, water treatment facilities, and other appurtenant facilities) to deliver water to and among the 10 members of the SMWA, Denver Water and Aurora Water. Certain infrastructure has been constructed, and other infrastructure will be constructed over the next several years.

By consenting to the waiver of the contingencies set forth in the WISE Partnership Agreement, pursuant to the terms of the Rangeview/Pure Cycle WISE Project Financing Agreement (the “WISE Financing Agreement”) between the Company and the Rangeview District, the Company has an agreement to fund the Rangeview District’s participation in WISE effective as of December 22, 2014. The Company’s cost of funding the Rangeview District’s purchase of its share of existing infrastructure and future infrastructure for WISE and funding operations and water deliveries related to WISE is projected to be approximately $6.8 million over the next five years. See further discussion in Note 6 Related Party Transactions.

Operating Lease

Effective as of February 2018, the Company entered into an operating lease for approximately 11,393 square feet of office and warehouse space. The lease has a three-year term with payments of $6,600 per month and an option to extend the primary lease term for a two-year period at a rate equal to a 12.5% increase over the primary base payments. The change in the lease costs is not material to the Company’s operations.

NOTE 5 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

The Company maintains the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2014 Equity Plan”), which was approved by shareholders in January 2014 and became effective on April 12, 2014. Executives, eligible employees, consultants and non-employee directors are eligible to receive options and stock grants pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan. Pursuant to the 2014 Equity Plan, options to purchase shares of stock and restricted stock awards can be granted with exercise prices, vesting conditions and other performance criteria determined by the Compensation Committee of the board of directors. The Company has reserved 1.6 million shares of common stock for issuance under the 2014 Equity Plan. The Company began awarding options under the 2014 Equity Plan in January 2015. Prior to the effective date of the 2014 Equity Plan, the Company granted stock awards to eligible participants under its 2004 Incentive Plan (the “2004 Incentive Plan”), which expired on April 11, 2014. No additional awards may be granted pursuant to the 2004 Incentive Plan; however, awards outstanding as of April 11, 2014, will continue to vest and expire and may be exercised in accordance with the terms of the 2004 Incentive Plan.

16

The following table summarizes the combined stock option activity for the 2004 Incentive Plan and 2014 Equity Plan for the six months ended February 28, 2019:

   
Number
of Options
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
   
Approximate
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding at August 31, 2018
   
535,500
   
$
5.31
     
6.04
   
$
3,180,990
 
Granted (1)
   
82,500
   
$
10.48
                 
Exercised
   
(37,500
)
 
$
3.06
                 
Forfeited or expired
   
   
$
                 
Outstanding at February 28, 2019
   
580,500
   
$
6.19
     
6.50
   
$
2,343,935
 
                                 
Options exercisable at February 28, 2019
   
428,000
   
$
5.30
     
5.65
   
$
2,069,419
 

(1)
Includes 50,000 shares granted to Mr. Harding on September 26, 2018 and 32,500 total shares granted to non-employee directors on January 16, 2019.

The following table summarizes the combined activity and value of non-vested options under the 2004 Equity Plan and 2014 Incentive Plan as of and for the six months ended February 28, 2019:

   
Number
of Options
   
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Non-vested options outstanding at August 31, 2018
   
155,833
   
$
3.76
 
Granted
   
82,500
     
4.60
 
Vested
   
(85,834
)
   
3.46
 
Forfeited
   
     
 
Non-vested options outstanding at February 28, 2019
   
152,499
   
$
4.03
 

All non-vested options are expected to vest.

Stock-based compensation expense was $58,200 and $77,400 for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  Stock-based compensation expense was $161,700 and $157,600 for the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

At February 28, 2019, the Company had unrecognized compensation expenses totaling $458,512 relating to non-vested options that are expected to vest. The weighted-average period over which these options are expected to vest is approximately two years.

NOTE 6 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

The Rangeview District is a quasi-municipal corporation and political subdivision of Colorado formed in 1986 for the purpose of providing water and wastewater service to the Lowry Range and other approved areas. The Rangeview District is governed by an elected board of directors. Eligible voters and persons eligible to serve as a director of the Rangeview District must own an interest in property within the boundaries of the Rangeview District. The Company owns certain rights and real property interests which encompass the current boundaries of the Rangeview District. Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 5 (collectively, the “Sky Ranch Districts”) and the CAB are quasi-municipal corporations and political subdivisions of Colorado formed for the purpose of providing service to the Company’s Sky Ranch property. The current members of the board of directors of each of the Rangeview District, the Sky Ranch Districts and the CAB consist of three employees of the Company and one independent board member.

The Rangeview District

On December 16, 2009, the Company entered into a Participation Agreement with the Rangeview District, whereby the Company agreed to provide funding to the Rangeview District in connection with the Rangeview District joining the South Metro Water Supply Authority (“SMWSA”). The Company provides funding pursuant to the Participation Agreement annually with $22,200 and $198,200 being provided during fiscal years 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Through the WISE Financing Agreement, the Company agreed to fund the Rangeview District’s cost of participating in the regional water supply project known as the WISE partnership. The Company anticipates spending approximately $6.8 million over the next five fiscal years to fund the Rangeview District’s purchase of its share of the water transmission line and additional facilities, water and related assets for WISE and to fund operations and water deliveries related to WISE. To date, the Company has capitalized the funding provided pursuant to the WISE Financing Agreement because the funding has been provided to purchase capacity in the WISE infrastructure. The Company’s total investment in the WISE assets as of February 28, 2019, is approximately $3.2 million.

17

In 1995, the Company extended a loan to the Rangeview District. The loan provided for borrowings of up to $250,000, is unsecured, and bears interest based on the prevailing prime rate plus 2% (6.75% at February 28, 2019). The maturity date of the loan is December 31, 2020. In January 2014, the Rangeview District and the Company entered into a funding agreement that allows the Company to continue to provide funding to the Rangeview District for day-to-day operations and accrue the funding into a note that bears interest at a rate of 8% per annum and remains in full force and effect for so long as the 2014 Amended and Restated Lease Agreement remains in effect. The $917,800 balance of the notes receivable at February 28, 2019, includes borrowings of $512,400 and accrued interest of $405,400.

Sky Ranch Metropolitan Districts No. 1, 3, 4 and 5

The Company has been providing funding to the Sky Ranch Districts. In each year since 2012, the Company entered into an Operation Funding Agreement with one of the Sky Ranch Districts, obligating the Company to advance funding to the Sky Ranch District for operations and maintenance expenses for the then-current calendar year. All payments were subject to annual appropriations by the Sky Ranch District in its absolute discretion. The advances by the Company accrued interest at a rate of 8% per annum from the date of the advance. The Operation Funding Agreements have been superseded by the 2018 FFAA as described below.

In November 2014, but effective as of January 1, 2014, the Company entered into a Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement with a Sky Ranch District obligating the Company to either finance district improvements or to construct improvements on behalf of the Sky Ranch District subject to reimbursement. Improvements subject to this agreement were determined pursuant to a mutually agreed upon budget. Each year in September, the parties were to mutually determine the improvements required for the following year and finalize a budget by the end of October. Each advance or reimbursable expense accrued interest at a rate of 6% per annum. Upon the Sky Ranch District’s ratification of the advances and related expenditures, the amount was reclassified as long-term and is recorded as part of Notes receivable – related parties. As of November 30, 2017, the Sky Ranch Districts repaid all advances plus accrued interest totaling $215,504, and as of February 28, 2019 and 2018, there was no outstanding balance on the receivable.  The Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement has been superseded by the 2018 FFAA as described below.

Sky Ranch Community Authority Board

Pursuant to that certain Community Authority Board Establishment Agreement, as the same may be amended from time to time, Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1 and 5 formed the CAB to, among other things, design, construct, finance, operate and maintain certain public improvements for the benefit of the property within the boundaries and/or service area of the Sky Ranch Districts. In order for the public improvements to be constructed and/or acquired, it is necessary for each Sky Ranch District, directly or through the CAB, to be able to fund the improvements and pay its ongoing operations and maintenance expenses related to the provision of services that benefit the property. In November 2017, but effective as of January 1, 2018, the Company entered into a Project Funding and Reimbursement Agreement (the “PF Agreement”) with the CAB for the Sky Ranch property. Improvements subject to the PF Agreement were determined pursuant to a mutually agreed upon budget. Pursuant to the PF Agreement, each advance or reimbursable expense accrued interest at a rate of 6% per annum.

On September 18, 2018, the parties entered into a series of agreements, including a Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement with an effective date of November 13, 2017 (the “2018 FFAA”), which supersedes and consolidates the previous agreements pursuant to which


the CAB agreed to repay the amounts owed by Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 to the Company, and the previous Facilities Funding and Acquisition Agreement entered into between the Company and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District No. 5 in 2014 was terminated;

the PF Agreement and a June 2018 Funding Acquisition Agreement between the CAB and the Company were terminated;

the CAB acknowledged all amounts owed to the Company under the terminated agreements, as well as amounts the Company incurred to finance the formation of the CAB; and

the Company agreed to fund an agreed upon list of improvements to be constructed by the CAB with an estimated cost of $30,000,000 (including improvements already funded) on an as-needed basis for calendar years 2018–2023.

All amounts owed under the 2018 FFAA bear interest at a rate of 6% per annum. No payment is required of the CAB for advances made to the CAB or expenses incurred related to construction of improvements unless and until the CAB and/or Sky Ranch Districts issue bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse the Company for all or a portion of advances or other expenses incurred. The CAB agrees to exercise reasonable efforts to issue bonds to reimburse the Company subject to certain limitations. In addition, the CAB agrees to utilize any available moneys not otherwise pledged to payment of debt, used for operation and maintenance expenses, or otherwise encumbered, to reimburse the Company. Any advances not paid or reimbursed by the CAB by December 31, 2058, shall be deemed forever discharged and satisfied in full.

As of February 28, 2019, the balance of the Company’s advances to the CAB plus accrued interest totaled $11.5 million, which is included in Inventories or expensed through lot fee construction costs of revenues. The advances have been used by the CAB to pay for construction of improvements. In the event the CAB issues municipal bonds and reimburses the Company, the reimbursement will be recorded as a reduction to Inventories or if the sale process of the finished lots has been completed, as a gain from the sale of municipal bond securities.

18

NOTE 7 – SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS

Water and Wastewater

Pursuant to the Rangeview Water Agreements (as defined in Note 4 – Water and Land Assets in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report) and the Export Service Agreement entered into with the Rangeview District dated June 16, 2017, the Company provides water and wastewater services on the Rangeview District’s behalf to the Rangeview District’s customers. Sales to the Rangeview District accounted for 20% and 4% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Sales to the Rangeview District accounted for 7% and 5% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Rangeview District has one significant customer, the Ridgeview Youth Services Center. The Rangeview District’s significant customer accounted for 16% and 4% of the Company’s total water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and 5% and 4% for the six months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Revenues from two other customers represented approximately 52% and 21%, respectively, of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019. These two customers are in the oil and gas industry. Revenues from two other customers represented approximately 58% and 36%, respectively, of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2018. These customers are in the oil and gas industry. Revenues from two other customers represented approximately 43% and 48%, respectively, of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2019. These two customers are in the oil and gas industry. Revenues from three other customers represented approximately 57%, 20% and 17%, respectively, of the Company’s water and wastewater revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2018. These customers are in the oil and gas industry.

Land Development

Revenues from three customers represented 100% of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019. The three customers represented 58%, 27% and 15%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the three months ended February 28, 2019. Revenues from three customers represented 100% of the Company’s land development revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2019. The three customers represented 61%, 30% and 9%, respectively, of the Company’s land development revenues for the six months ended February 28, 2019. No revenues were recognized from the Company’s land development activities for the three or six months ended February 28, 2018.

Accounts Receivable

The Company had accounts receivable from the Rangeview District which accounted for 58% and 3% of the Company’s trade receivables balances at February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively. The Company had accounts receivable from one other customer of approximately 16% at February 28, 2019. The Company had accounts receivable from two other customers of approximately 43% and 30%, respectively, at August 31, 2018. Accounts receivable from the Rangeview District’s largest customer accounted for 11% and 2% of the Company’s water and wastewater trade receivables as of February 28, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively. Of the trade receivables from the Rangeview District as of February 28, 2019, approximately 82% is related to water tap sales and 18% is related to water and wastewater service sales.

NOTE 8 – ACCRUED LIABILITIES

At February 28, 2019, the Company had accrued liabilities of $2,065,400, of which $25,000 was for estimated property taxes, $45,000 was for professional fees, and $1,995,400 was for operating payables, of which $1,932,100 is payable to the CAB for the development of Sky Ranch.  These costs are also included in Inventories or expensed through lot fee construction costs of revenue.

At August 31, 2018, the Company had accrued liabilities of $849,500, of which $400,000 was for accrued compensation, $29,000 was for estimated property taxes, $59,000 was for professional fees and the remaining $361,500 was related to operating payables.

NOTE 9 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company has historically been involved in various claims, litigation and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. The Company records an accrual for a loss contingency when its occurrence is probable and damages can be reasonably estimated based on the anticipated most likely outcome or the minimum amount within a range of possible outcomes. The Company makes such estimates based on information known about the claims and experience in contesting, litigating and settling similar claims. Disclosures are also provided for reasonably possible losses that could have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Company had no contingencies where the risk of loss was reasonably possible as of February 28, 2019 or August 31, 2018.

19

NOTE 10 – SEGMENT INFORMATION

An operating segment is defined as a component of an enterprise for which discrete financial information is available and is reviewed regularly by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (the “CODM”), or decision-making group, to evaluate performance and make operating decisions. The Company has identified its CODM as the Chief Executive Officer.

During the year 2018, the Company began construction of lots at Sky Ranch, which the Company has identified as a segment. Currently, the Company operates its wholesale water and wastewater services segment and land development activities at Sky Ranch as its two lines of business.

The wholesale water and wastewater services business includes selling water service to customers, which water is provided by the Company using water rights owned or controlled by the Company, and developing infrastructure to divert, treat and distribute that water and collect, treat and reuse wastewater.

As part of the Company’s land development activities at Sky Ranch, the Company entered into contracts for the sale of lots (see Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Annual Report). The Company identified land development and lot sales as a separate segment beginning in the fiscal year 2018.

Oil and gas royalties and licenses are a passive activity and not an operating business activity and, therefore, are not classified as a segment.

The following table summarizes wholesale water and wastewater services and land development revenue information by segment:

   
Three Months Ended February 28,
   
Six Month Ended February 28
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2019
   
2018
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
684,038
   
$
844,661
   
$
2,375,391
   
$
1,854,793
 
Land development activities
   
1,946,381
     
     
3,327,577
     
-
 
Total revenues
 
$
2,630,419
   
$
844,661
   
$
5,702,968
   
$
1,854,793
 

The following table summarizes wholesale water and wastewater services and land development pretax income by segment:

   
Three Months Ended February 28,
   
Six Months Ended February 28,
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
2019
   
2018
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
257,509
   
$
564,924
   
$
1,420,582
   
$
1,080,204
 
Land development activities
   
116,783
     
     
199,655
     
-
 
Corporate
   
(470,317
)
   
(464,762
)
   
(1,082,290
)
   
(1,076,653
)
Total pretax income (loss)
 
$
(96,025
)
 
$
100,162
   
$
537,947
   
$
3,551
 

The following table summarizes total assets for the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater services business and land development business by segment.  The assets consist of water rights and water and wastewater systems in the Company’s wholesale water and wastewater services segment. The assets consist of land, inventories and deposits in the Company’s land development segment.  The Company’s other assets primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, equipment, mineral rights, related party notes receivables and a deferred tax asset.

   
February 28, 2019
   
August 31, 2018
 
Wholesale water and wastewater services
 
$
41,993,268
   
$
36,721,884
 
Land development activities
   
16,732,957
     
9,497,106
 
Corporate
   
15,619,708
     
25,687,625
 
Total assets
 
$
74,345,933
   
$
71,906,615
 

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Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

OVERVIEW

The discussion and analysis below includes certain forward-looking statements that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, as described in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, that could cause our actual growth, results of operations, performance, financial position and business prospects and opportunities for this fiscal year and periods that follow to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by those forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our disclosure under the heading “Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” below.

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand our results of operations and financial condition and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and the financial statements and the notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018 (the “2018 Annual Report”). This section focuses on the key indicators reviewed by management in evaluating our financial condition and operating performance, including the following:


Revenue generated from providing water and wastewater services;

Expenses associated with developing our water and land assets;

Revenue from lot sales at Sky Ranch;

Expenses associated with developing lots at Sky Ranch; and

Cash available to continue development of our land, water rights and service agreements.

Our MD&A section includes the following items:

Our Businessa general description of our business, our services and our business strategy.

Results of Operations – an analysis of our results of operations for the periods presented in our consolidated financial statements. We present our discussion in the MD&A in conjunction with the accompanying financial statements.

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Positionan analysis of our cash position and cash flows, as well as a discussion of our financial obligations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimatesa discussion of our critical accounting policies that require critical judgments, assumptions and estimates.

Our Business

Pure Cycle Corporation (“we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Colorado corporation developing its water and land resources.  We develop wholesale water and wastewater systems in the water short Denver metropolitan area and are developing a Master Planned Community on approximately 1,000 acres of land located along the Interstate 70 corridor (“I-70”), approximately four miles south of Denver International Airport ("DIA").  The Company has accumulated valuable water and land interests over the past 30 years and has developed an extensive network of wholesale water production, storage, treatment, and distribution systems, and wastewater collection and treatment systems which serve domestic, commercial and industrial customers in the Denver metropolitan region.  Our land assets are located in one of the most active development areas in the Denver metropolitan region along I-70.  Our operations are focused in two business segments: (i) providing wholesale water and wastewater services, and (ii) serving as the Master Plan developer for approximately 1,000 acres of land known as Sky Ranch, which includes a mix of 4,000 single-family and multifamily residential units and over 2 million square feet of commercial, retail, and industrial uses.

Wholesale Water and Wastewater

Water resources throughout the western United States and more prominently in Colorado are a scarce and valuable resource.  The Company owns or controls a portfolio of approximately 28,700 acre feet of groundwater and surface water supplies, approximately 26,000 acre feet of adjudicated reservoir sites, two wastewater reclamation facilities, water treatment facilities, potable and raw water storage facilities, wells and water production facilities, and nearly 50 miles of water distribution and wastewater collection lines.  Our water supplies and wholesale facilities are located in southeast Denver, in Arapahoe County, an area which is limited in both water availability and infrastructure to produce, treat, store, and distribute water and wastewater, which we believe provides us with a unique competitive advantage offering these services.

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We provide wholesale water and wastewater service to local governments, including the Rangeview Metropolitan District (the “Rangeview District”), Arapahoe County, the Sky Ranch Community Authority Board (the “CAB”), and the Elbert & Highway 86 Commercial District (“Wild Pointe”).  Our mission is to provide reliable, high quality water to our customers and collect and treat wastewater using advance water treatment systems, which produce high quality reclaimed water we can reuse for outdoor irrigation and industrial demands. By using and reusing our water supplies, we seek to demonstrate good stewardship over our valuable water rights in the water scarce Denver, Colorado region.  We design, permit, construct, operate and maintain wholesale water and wastewater systems that we own or operate on behalf of governmental entities.  We also design, permit, construct, operate and maintain retail distribution and collection systems that we own or operate on behalf of our governmental customers.   Additionally, we handle administrative functions, including meter reading, billing and collection of monthly water and wastewater revenues, regulatory water quality monitoring, sampling, testing, and reporting requirements to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

Our utility segment generates revenues from three sources: (i) tap fees, which are a one-time charge to home builders or businesses to connect to our water and wastewater systems, (ii) usage charges, which are monthly metered water and wastewater fees, and (iii) construction or special facility fees, which are specifically contracted for when necessary.  Our water portfolio can provide service to approximately 60,000 single family connections (“SFE”).  Our current water tap fee is $26,675 per SFE, and our wastewater tap fee is $4,659 per SFE.  On average, we generate annual revenue of approximately $1,000 per SFE water connection and $500 per SFE wastewater connection.  We provide domestic water to nearly 400 SFE connections and domestic wastewater to approximately 160 SFEs.

In addition to our domestic customers, we provide raw water to industrial customers in the oil and gas industry for hydraulic fracturing.  Both our domestic and industrial water customers are located in southeastern Denver where competing water and water systems are limited, well positioning us to deliver these valuable services to our customers.  Growth in the Denver area has trended east with significant activity occurring along the I-70 corridor, which enjoys rail access and excellent transportation infrastructure with I-70 and DIA.  The region has significant employment centers, including DIA, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Amazon Fulfillment Center, Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, and more creating demand for residential, retail, and commercial development opportunities.  The region has experienced significant oil and gas activity over the past seven years with multiple operators leasing more than 135,000 acres in and adjacent to our service area with more than 100 wells and miles of oil and gas collection lines.  The Company believes its water resources, land and infrastructure are located in one of the most attractive areas of the Denver metropolitan region, because it is well positioned for substantial growth over the next 30 years.

Land Development

We are developing an approximately 950-acre Master Planned Community along the I-70 corridor that will include some 4,000 single family and multifamily homes, parks, open spaces, trails, recreational centers, schools, and over 2 million square feet of retail, commercial and light industrial space just four miles south of DIA.  Our land development activities include the design, permitting, and construction of all of the horizontal infrastructure, including, storm water, drainage, roads, curb, sidewalks, parks, open space, trails and other infrastructure to deliver “ready to build” finished lots to home builders and commercial customers. Our land development activities generate revenue from the sale of finished lots as well as construction revenues from activities where we construct infrastructure on behalf of others.  Revenues come from our home builder customers under specific agreements for the delivery of finished lots as well as reimbursements for the construction of public improvements, such as roads, curbs, storm water, drainage, sidewalks, parks, open space, trails etc., which come from the local governmental entity, the CAB.

We began construction of our first phase of 506 detached, single-family lots in March 2018 and delivered 12 model home lots to our three national home builders (Richmond American Homes, Taylor Morrison, and KB Home) in January 2019.  We have completed overlot grading for all 506 lots, installed wet utilities for more than 150 lots, and are completing other improvements (e.g., electric, gas, cable, lighting, roads, curb, gutters) to deliver in or around early spring 2019 the first 150 finished lots to our homebuilders.

Our land development activities provide a strategic complement to our water utility segment as a significant component of any master planned community is providing high quality domestic water, irrigation water, and wastewater service to the community.  Having control over land and utility development enables us to build infrastructure for water, irrigation, wastewater, distribution, collection, storm water, roads, parks, open spaces and other investments efficiently, managing delivery of these investments to match take-down commitments from our home builders without significant excess capacity in any of these investments.

In June 2017, we entered into purchase and sale agreements (collectively, the “Purchase and Sale Contracts”) with three separate home builders pursuant to which we agreed to sell, and each builder agreed to purchase, 506 total single-family, detached residential lots at the Sky Ranch property. In March 2018, we began construction of finished lots at Sky Ranch. In July 2018, we obtained final approval of the entitlements for the property and achieved the first payment milestone for the sale of 150 platted lots to two of our builders. We received the first milestone payment of $2,500,000, and the builders posted letters of credit for an additional $7,775,000. We are working to complete construction of finished lots in fiscal year 2019. During the six months ended February 28, 2019, the first additional payment from these two builders, in the amount of $4,121,800, was distributed to us from the escrowed funds when we  completed construction of wet utilities. The final payment will be distributed upon completion of finished lots. Additionally, we received a payment from our third builder of $300,000 during the six months ended February 28, 2019, upon completion of four finished lots and will continue to receive payments as the finished lots are completed.

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We are obligated, pursuant to the Purchase and Sale Contracts, or separate Lot Development Agreements (the “Lot Development Agreements” and, together with the Purchase and Sale Contracts, the “Builder Contracts”), to construct infrastructure and other improvements, such as roads, curbs and gutters, park amenities, sidewalks, street and traffic signs, water and sanitary sewer mains and stubs, storm water management facilities, and lot grading improvements for delivery of finished lots to each builder. Pursuant to the Builder Contracts, we must cause the Rangeview District to install and construct off-site infrastructure improvements (i.e., a wastewater reclamation facility and wholesale water facilities) for the provision of water and wastewater service to the property. In conjunction with approvals from Arapahoe County for the Sky Ranch project, we and/or the Rangeview District and Sky Ranch Metropolitan District Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 5, quasi-municipal corporations and political subdivisions of Colorado formed to provide service to the Sky Ranch property (collectively the “Sky Ranch Districts”), are obligated to deposit into an account the anticipated costs to install and construct substantially all the off-site infrastructure improvements (which include drainage and storm water retention ponds and an entry roadway). The Rangeview and Sky Ranch off-site infrastructure improvements are estimated to cost approximately $10.2 million. We finance the obligations of the Rangeview District and the Sky Ranch Districts (through the CAB) as described in Note 6 – Related Party Transactions to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

We estimate that the development of the finished lots for the first phase (506 lots) of Sky Ranch will require total capital of approximately $35 million, which includes estimated reimbursable costs of approximately of $27 million that will be reimbursable to us by the CAB from the sale of municipal bonds. Lot sales to home builders will generate approximately $36 million in revenues, providing a margin on lots of approximately $1 million prior to receipt of reimbursable expenses, as discussed above. The Company and the CAB have agreed that no payment is required by the CAB with respect to reimbursable costs unless and until the CAB and/or the Sky Ranch Districts issue municipal bonds in an amount sufficient to reimburse us for all or a portion of advances provided or expenses incurred for reimbursables. Due to this contingency, the reimbursable costs will be included in lot development capitalized costs until the point in time when bonding is obtained. At that point, all reimbursable costs will be recorded as a note receivable and will reduce any remaining reimbursable capitalized costs. Any excess will be recognized as a gain from the sale of municipal bond securities. The costs of developing lots and revenues from the sales of finished lots are expected to be incurred over several quarters and the timing of cash flows will include certain milestone deliveries, including, but not limited to, completion of governmental approvals, installation of improvements, and completion of lot deliveries.

Results of Operations

Executive Summary

The results of our operations for the three and six nine months ended February 28, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:

Table 1a - Summary of Results of Operations

   
Three Months Ended February 28,
             
   
2019
   
2018
   
$ Change
   
% Change
 
Millions of gallons of water delivered
   
13.8
     
62.7
     
(48.9
)
   
(78)
%
Metered water usage revenues
 
$
159,000
   
$
803,800
   
$
(644,800
)
   
(80)
%
Operating costs to deliver water (excluding depreciation and depletion)
 
$
229,600
   
$
136,800
   
$
92,800
     
68
%
Water delivery gross margin %
   
(44)
%
   
83
%
               
                                 
Wastewater treatment revenues
 
$
7,500
   
$
9,300
   
$
(1,800
)
   
(19)
%
Operating costs to treat wastewater
 
$
4,700
   
$
8,700
   
$
(4,000
)
   
(46)
%
Wastewater treatment gross margin %
   
37
%
   
6
%
               
                                 
Lot fee revenue
 
$
1,946,400
   
$
   
$
1,946,400
     
100
%
Lot fee construction costs incurred
 
$
1,829,600
   
$
   
$
1,829,600
     
100
%
Lot fee gross margin %
   
6
%
   
                 
Other income
 
$
50,400
   
$
31,600
   
$
18,800
     
59
%
Other income costs incurred
 
$
31,100
   
$
24,100
   
$
7,000
     
29
%
Other income gross margin %
   
38
%
   
24
%
               
                                 
Tap and Special Facility revenues
 
$
467,100
   
$