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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One) 
    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended January 29, 2022
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____ to ____
Commission File Number 1-6049
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TARGET CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Minnesota
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
1000 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, Minnesota
(Address of principal executive offices)

41-0215170
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
55403
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 612/304-6073
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: N/A
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.0833 per shareTGTNew York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No
Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Large accelerated filer
x
  Accelerated filer
o
 Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  No  
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of July 30, 2021, was $127,440,308,386 based on the closing price of $261.05 per share of Common Stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Index.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of registrant's classes of Common Stock, as of the latest practicable date. Total shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0833, outstanding as of March 3, 2022, were 462,418,075.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of Target's Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on June 8, 2022, are incorporated into Part III.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
1

BUSINESS
PART I
Item 1.    Business

General

Target Corporation (Target, the Corporation, or the Company) was incorporated in Minnesota in 1902. Our corporate purpose is to help all families discover the joy of everyday life. We offer to our customers, referred to as "guests," everyday essentials and fashionable, differentiated merchandise at discounted prices. We operate as a single segment designed to enable guests to purchase products seamlessly in stores or through our digital channels. Since 1946, we have given 5 percent of our profit to communities.

Strategy

Our team, technology, and operations enable us to meet our corporate purpose and offer a preferred shopping experience to our guests through a durable, growth-driving enterprise strategy that differentiates Target in the marketplace. The six pillars of our strategy are:

Delivering affordability to our guests;
Differentiating from our competition with our owned brands and a curated assortment of leading national brands;
Investing to create an engaging and differentiated shopping experience;
Leveraging our stores-as-hubs to efficiently provide a convenient and safe experience for our guests whether they purchase online or physically in-store;
Maintaining and enhancing our relevancy to deepen engagement with guests; and
Leveraging our size and scale to benefit people, the planet, and our business, primarily through Target Forward, the sustainability-focused component of our overall business strategy, announced in 2021.

As illustrated by the charts below, our strategy places stores at the center of our flexible fulfillment approach, with stores fulfilling over 95 percent of total sales.
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TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
2

BUSINESS
Sales by Fulfillment Channel
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Financial Highlights

For information on key financial highlights, see Part II, Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A).

Seasonality

A larger share of annual revenues traditionally occurs in the fourth quarter because it includes the November and December holiday sales period.

Merchandise

We sell a wide assortment of general merchandise and food. The majority of our general merchandise stores offer an edited food assortment, including perishables, dry grocery, dairy, and frozen items. Nearly all of our stores larger than 170,000 square feet offer a full line of food items comparable to traditional supermarkets. Our small format stores, generally smaller than 50,000 square feet, offer curated general merchandise and food assortments. Our digital channels include a wide merchandise assortment, including many items found in our stores, along with a complementary assortment sold by Target and third parties.

Sales by Product Category
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TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
3

BUSINESS
A significant portion of our sales is from national brand merchandise. Approximately one-third of 2021 sales was related to our owned and exclusive brands, including, but not limited, to the following:

Owned Brands 
A New Day™Goodfellow & Co™Room Essentials™
All in Motion™Hearth & Hand™ with MagnoliaShade & Shore™
Archer Farms™Heyday™Simply Balanced™
Art Class™Hyde & EEK! Boutique™Smartly™
Auden™JoyLab™Smith & Hawken™
Ava & Viv™Kindfull™Sonia Kashuk™
Boots & Barkley™Knox Rose™Spritz™
Brightroom™Kona Sol™Stars Above™
Bullseye's Playground™Made By Design™Sun Squad™
Casaluna™Market Pantry™Threshold™
Cat & Jack™Mondo Llama™Universal Thread™
Cloud Island™More Than Magic™up & up™
Colsie™Opalhouse™Wild Fable™
Embark™Open Story™Wondershop™
Everspring™Original Use™Xhilaration™
Favorite Day™Pillowfort™
Good & Gather™Project 62™
Exclusive Adult Beverage Brands  
California Roots™Mystic Reef™SunPop™
Headliner™Photograph™The Collection™
Jingle & Mingle™Rosé Bae™Wine Cube™

We also sell merchandise through periodic exclusive design and creative partnerships, and shop-in-shop experiences, with partners such as Apple, Disney, Levi's, and Ulta Beauty, and generate revenue from in-store amenities such as Target Café, Starbucks, and Target Optical. CVS Pharmacy, Inc. (CVS) operates pharmacies and clinics in our stores under a perpetual operating agreement from which we generate annual occupancy income.

Customer Loyalty Programs

Our guests receive a 5 percent discount on nearly all purchases and receive free shipping at Target.com when they use their Target Debit Card, Target Credit Card, or Target™ MasterCard® (collectively, RedCards™). We also seek to drive customer loyalty and trip frequency through our Target Circle program, where members earn 1 percent rewards on nearly all non-RedCard purchases, among other benefits.

Distribution

The vast majority of merchandise is distributed to our stores through our network of distribution centers. Common carriers ship merchandise to and from our distribution centers. Vendors or third-party distributors ship certain food items and other merchandise directly to our stores. Merchandise sold through our digital channels is distributed to our guests via common carriers (from stores, distribution centers, vendors, and third-party distributors), delivery via our wholly owned subsidiary, Shipt, Inc. (Shipt), and through guest pick-up at our stores. Our stores fulfill the majority of the digitally originated sales, which allows improved product availability, faster fulfillment times, reduced shipping costs, and allows us to offer guests a suite of same-day fulfillment options such as Order Pickup, Drive Up, and Shipt.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
4

BUSINESS
Human Capital Management

In support of our purpose—to help all families discover the joy of everyday life—we invest in our team, our most important asset, by giving them opportunities to grow professionally, take care of themselves, each other and their families, and to make a difference for our guests and our communities. We are among the largest private employers in the United States (U.S.), and our workforce has varying goals and expectations of their employment relationship, from team members looking to build a career to students, retirees and others who are seeking to supplement their income in an enjoyable atmosphere. We seek to be an employer of choice to attract and retain top talent no matter their objectives in seeking employment. To that end, we strive to foster an engaged, diverse, inclusive, safe, purpose-driven culture where employees, referred to as "team members," have equitable opportunities for success.

As of January 29, 2022, we employed approximately 450,000 full-time, part-time, and seasonal team members. Because of the seasonal nature of the retail business, employment levels peak in the holiday season. We also engage independent contractors, most notably in our Shipt subsidiary.

Our Board of Directors, through the Compensation and Human Capital Management Committee, oversees human capital management matters.

Talent Development and Engagement

We offer a compelling work environment with meaningful experiences and abundant growth and career-development opportunities. This starts with the opportunity to do challenging work and learn on the job and is supplemented by programs and continuous learning that help our team build skills at all levels, including programs focused on specialized skill development, leadership opportunities, coaching, and mentoring. Our talent and succession planning process supports the development of a diverse talent pipeline for leadership and other critical roles. We monitor our team members’ perceptions of these commitments through a number of surveys and take steps to address areas needing improvement.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

We embrace diversity and strive to give our team members equitable access to opportunities. We champion workplace diversity and an inclusive work environment with a focus on attracting, engaging, developing and advancing diverse talent. We monitor the representation of women and racially or ethnically diverse team members at different levels throughout the company and disclose the composition of our team in our annual Workforce Diversity Report (which includes demographic information using the categories disclosed in our EEO-1 report). Developing teams where team members feel heard, respected, and included is a core Target value and is fundamental to creating an inclusive guest experience.

Compensation and Benefits

Our compensation and benefits are designed to support the financial, mental, and physical well-being of our team members and their families. We believe in paying team members equitably, regardless of gender, race or ethnicity, and we regularly review the pay data of U.S. team members to confirm that we are doing so. Our compensation packages include a starting wage of at least $15 per hour for U.S. hourly team members (who comprise the vast majority of our team), a 401(k) plan with matching contributions up to five percent of eligible earnings, paid vacation and holidays, family leave, merchandise and other discounts, disability insurance, life insurance, healthcare and dependent care flexible spending accounts, debt-free education assistance and tuition reimbursement, free mental health services, an annual short-term incentive program, long-term equity awards, and health insurance benefits, including free virtual health care visits. Eligibility for, and the level of, benefits vary depending on team members’ full-time or part-time status, work location, compensation level, and tenure.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
5

BUSINESS & RISK FACTORS
Workplace Health and Safety

We strive to maintain a safe and secure work environment and have specific safety programs. This includes administering a comprehensive occupational injury- and illness-prevention program and training for team members.

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, we have continued to invest in the well-being, health, and safety of our team members and guests. We extended certain benefits to our team members in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, including bonuses, fully-paid leaves for up to 30 days, free back-up dependent care, and a variety of mental, emotional, and physical wellness resources. We also enacted dozens of safety, social distancing, and cleaning measures designed to protect our team and guests during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Working Capital

Effective inventory management is key to our ongoing success, and we use various techniques including demand forecasting and planning and various forms of replenishment management. We achieve effective inventory management by staying in-stock in core product offerings, maintaining positive vendor relationships, and carefully planning inventory levels for seasonal and apparel items to minimize markdowns.

The Liquidity and Capital Resources section in MD&A provides additional details.

Competition

We compete with traditional and internet retailers, including department stores, off-price general merchandise retailers, wholesale clubs, category-specific retailers, drug stores, supermarkets, direct-to-consumer brands, and other forms of retail commerce. Our ability to positively differentiate ourselves from other retailers and provide compelling value to our guests largely determines our competitive position within the retail industry.

Intellectual Property

Our brand image is a critical element of our business strategy. Our principal trademarks, including Target, our "Expect More. Pay Less." brand promise, and our "Bullseye Design," have been registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. We also seek to obtain and preserve intellectual property protection for our brands.

Geographic Information

Nearly all of our revenues are generated within the U.S. The vast majority of our property and equipment is located within the U.S.

Available Information

Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available free of charge at investors.target.com as soon as reasonably practicable after we file such material with, or furnish it to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). In addition, the SEC maintains a website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains information we electronically file with, or furnish to, the SEC. Our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Code of Ethics, Corporate Responsibility Report, and the charters for the committees of our Board of Directors are also available free of charge in print upon request or at investors.target.com. Information on our website is not part of this or any other report we file with, or furnish to, the SEC.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
6

RISK FACTORS
Item 1A.    Risk Factors

Our business is subject to many risks. Set forth below are the material risks we face. Risks are listed in the categories where they primarily apply, but other categories may also apply.

Competitive and Reputational Risks

Our continued success is dependent on positive perceptions of Target which, if eroded, could adversely affect our business and our relationships with our guests and team members.

We believe that one of the reasons our shareholders, guests, team members, and vendors choose Target is the positive reputation we have built over many years for serving those constituencies and the communities in which we operate. To be successful in the future, we must continue to preserve Target's reputation. Our reputation is based in large part on perceptions, both about us and others with whom we do business, and broad access to social media makes it easy for anyone to provide public feedback that can influence perceptions of Target. It may be difficult to control negative publicity, regardless of whether it is accurate. Target’s responses to crises and our position or perceived lack of position on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) matters, such as sustainability, responsible sourcing, and diversity, equity, and inclusion (DE&I), and any perceived lack of transparency about those matters, could harm our reputation. While reputations may take decades to build, negative incidents involving us or others with whom we do business can quickly erode trust and confidence and can result in consumer boycotts, workforce unrest or walkouts, government investigations, or litigation. For example, we have a limited ability to end our relationship with CVS, which leases space to operate their clinics and pharmacies within our stores. If our guests have negative experiences with or unfavorably view CVS or other companies with whom we have relationships, it could cause them to reduce or stop their business with us. Negative reputational incidents could adversely affect our business and results of operations, including through lost sales, loss of new store and development opportunities, or team member retention and recruiting difficulties.

If we are unable to positively differentiate ourselves from other retailers, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

We have been able to compete successfully by differentiating our guests’ shopping experience through a careful combination of price, merchandise assortment, store environment, convenience, guest service, loyalty programs, and marketing efforts. Guest perceptions regarding the cleanliness and safety of our stores, the environmental impact of our business, the functionality, reliability, and speed of our digital channels and fulfillment options, our in-stock levels, the value and exclusivity of our offerings, and our efforts to source merchandise responsibly and ethically are among the factors that affect our ability to compete. In addition, our ability to create a personalized guest experience through the collection and use of accurate and relevant guest data is important to our ability to differentiate from other retailers. No single competitive factor is dominant, and actions by our competitors on any of these factors could adversely affect our sales, gross margins, and expenses.

Our owned and exclusive brand products help differentiate us from other retailers, generally carry higher margins than equivalent national brand products, and represent approximately one-third of our overall sales. If we are unable to successfully develop, support, and evolve our owned and exclusive brands, if one or more of these brands experiences a loss of consumer acceptance or confidence, or if we are unable to successfully protect our intellectual property rights, our sales and gross margins could be adversely affected.

The retail industry's continuing migration to digital channels has affected the ways we differentiate from other retailers. In particular, consumers can quickly and conveniently comparison shop and determine real-time product availability using digital tools, which can lead to decisions based solely on price or the functionality of the digital tools. Consumers may also use third-party channels or devices, such as voice assistants and smart home devices, to initiate shopping searches and place orders, which could sometimes make us dependent on the capabilities and search algorithms of those third parties to reach those consumers. Any difficulties in executing our differentiation efforts or actions by our competitors in response to these efforts could adversely affect our sales, gross margins, and expenses.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
7

RISK FACTORS
If we are unable to successfully provide a relevant and reliable experience for our guests across multiple channels, our sales, results of operations, and reputation could be adversely affected.

Our business has evolved from an in-store experience to interacting with guests across multiple channels (in-store, online, mobile, and social media, among others). Our guests are using those channels to shop with us and provide feedback and public commentary about our business. We must anticipate and meet changing guest expectations and counteract developments and investments by our competitors. Our evolving retailing efforts include implementing technology, software, and processes to be able to conveniently and cost-effectively fulfill guest orders directly from any point within our system of stores and distribution centers and our vendors. We also need to collect accurate, relevant, and usable guest data to personalize our offerings. Providing multiple fulfillment options and implementing new technology is complex and may not meet expectations for accurate order fulfillment, faster and guaranteed delivery times, low-cost or free shipping, and desired payment methods. Even when we are successful in meeting fulfillment expectations, if we are unable to offset increased costs of fulfilling orders outside of our traditional in-store channel with efficiencies, cost-savings, or expense reductions, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

If we do not anticipate and respond quickly to changing consumer preferences, our sales and profitability could suffer.

A large part of our business is dependent on our ability to make trend-right decisions and effectively manage our inventory in a broad range of merchandise categories, including apparel, accessories, home décor, electronics, toys, seasonal offerings, food and beverage, and others. If we do not obtain accurate and relevant data on guest preferences, predict and quickly respond to changing consumer preferences, spending patterns, and other lifestyle decisions, emphasize the correct categories, implement competitive and effective pricing and promotion strategies, or personalize our offerings to our guests, we may experience lost sales, spoilage, and increased inventory markdowns, which could adversely affect our results of operations. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many guests significantly reduced their spending on dining, travel, lodging, and other leisure activities outside their homes, which may have contributed to our increased sales, particularly for essential items and merchandise associated with guests spending more time at home. If we are unable to effectively adapt if or when guests increase spending on other categories, it could lead to lower sales and adversely affect our results of operations.

Investments and Infrastructure Risks

If our capital investments in remodeling existing stores, building new stores, improving technology, and expanding our supply chain infrastructure do not achieve appropriate returns, our competitive position, financial condition, and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Our business depends, in part, on our ability to remodel existing stores and build new stores in a manner that achieves appropriate returns on our capital investment. Our store remodel program uses a custom approach based on the characteristics of each store and surrounding neighborhood, and is expected to be a continuous part of our operations to allow us to meet evolving expectations for in-store experience, fulfillment, and other changes in our business over time. When building new stores, we compete with other retailers and businesses for suitable locations for our stores. Pursuing the wrong remodel or new store opportunities and any delays, cost increases, disruptions, or other uncertainties related to those opportunities could adversely affect our results of operations.

We are making, and expect to continue to make, significant investments in technology and replenishment and fulfillment infrastructure to improve guest experiences across multiple channels, improve the speed, accuracy, and cost-efficiency of our supply chain and inventory management systems, and support our current and expected sales levels. The effectiveness of these investments can be less predictable than remodeling stores, and might not provide the anticipated benefits.

Pursuing the wrong investment opportunities, being unable to make new concepts scalable, or misjudging our replenishment and fulfillment capacity needs could result in the loss of our competitive position and adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
8

RISK FACTORS
A significant disruption in our computer systems and our inability to adequately maintain and update those systems could adversely affect our operations and negatively affect our guests.

We rely extensively on computer systems throughout our business. We also rely on continued and unimpeded access to the Internet to use our computer systems. An increase in remote working arrangements by our team members, vendors, and other third parties, which was accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, has amplified our already extensive reliance on computer systems and on our continued and unimpeded access to the Internet to use those systems, as well as the risks related to that reliance. Our systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, telecommunications failures, computer viruses, malicious attacks, security breaches, catastrophic events, and implementation errors. If our systems are damaged, disrupted, or fail to function properly or reliably, we may incur substantial repair or replacement costs, experience data loss or theft and impediments to our ability to manage inventories or process guest transactions, and encounter lost guest confidence, which could require additional promotional activities to attract guests and otherwise adversely affect our results of operations. We continually invest to maintain and update our computer systems. Implementing significant system changes increases the risk of computer system disruption. The potential problems and interruptions associated with implementing technology initiatives, as well as providing training and support for those initiatives, could disrupt or reduce our operational efficiency, and could negatively impact guest experiences and guest confidence. For example, in the past, we have experienced disruptions in our point-of-sale system that prevented our ability to process debit or credit transactions, negatively impacted some guests’ experiences, and generated negative publicity.

Information Security, Cybersecurity, and Data Privacy Risks

If our efforts to provide information security, cybersecurity, and data privacy are unsuccessful or if we are unable to meet increasingly demanding regulatory requirements, we may face additional costly government enforcement actions and private litigation, and our reputation and results of operations could suffer.

We regularly receive and store information about our guests, team members, vendors, and other third parties. We have programs in place to detect, contain, and respond to data security incidents. However, because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and may be difficult to detect for long periods, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or implement adequate preventive measures. In addition, hardware, software, or applications we develop or procure from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture or other problems that could unexpectedly compromise information security, cybersecurity, and data privacy. Unauthorized parties may also attempt to gain access to our systems or facilities, or those of third parties with whom we do business, through fraud, trickery, or other forms of deceiving our team members, contractors, and vendors.

The increase in remote working arrangements by our team members, vendors, and other third parties also increases the risk of a data security compromise and the possible attack surfaces. Although we conduct training as part of our information security, cybersecurity, and data privacy efforts, that training cannot be completely effective in preventing those attacks from being successful.

Our only significant data security incident was a data breach that occurred in 2013 and went undetected for several weeks. Both we and our vendors have experienced data security incidents since that data breach; however, to date, these other incidents have not been material to our results of operations. Based on the prominence and notoriety of our prior significant data breach, even minor additional data security incidents could draw greater scrutiny. If we, our vendors, or other third parties with whom we do business experience additional significant data security incidents or fail to detect and appropriately respond to significant incidents, we could be exposed to government enforcement actions and private litigation. In addition, our guests could lose confidence in our ability to protect their information, stop using our RedCards or loyalty programs, or stop shopping with us altogether, which could adversely affect our reputation, sales, and results of operations.

The legal and regulatory environment regarding information security, cybersecurity, and data privacy is dynamic, increasingly demanding, and has enhanced requirements for using and treating personal data. Complying with current or contemplated data protection laws and regulations may cause us to incur substantial costs, require changes to our business practices, limit our ability to obtain data used to provide a differentiated guest experience, and expose us to further litigation and regulatory risks, each of which could adversely affect our results of operations.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
9

RISK FACTORS
Supply Chain and Third-Party Risks

Changes in our relationships with our vendors, changes in tax or trade policy, interruptions in our operations or supply chain, or increased commodity or supply chain costs could adversely affect our results of operations.

We are dependent on our vendors, including common carriers, to supply merchandise to our distribution centers, stores, and guests. As we continue to add capabilities to quickly move the appropriate amount of inventory at optimal operational costs through our supply chain, operating our replenishment and fulfillment network becomes more complex and challenging. If our replenishment and fulfillment network does not operate properly, if a vendor fails to deliver on its commitments, or if common carriers have difficulty providing capacity to meet demands for their services like they experienced at times during 2020 and 2021, we could experience merchandise out-of-stocks, delivery delays or increased delivery costs, which could lead to lost sales and decreased guest confidence, and adversely affect our results of operations.

A large portion of our merchandise is sourced, directly or indirectly, from outside the U.S., with China as our single largest source. Any major changes in tax or trade policy, such as the imposition of additional tariffs or duties on imported products, between the U.S. and countries from which we source merchandise could require us to take certain actions, including for example raising prices on products we sell and seeking alternative sources of supply from vendors in other countries with whom we have less familiarity, which could adversely affect our reputation, sales, and our results of operations.

Political or financial instability, currency fluctuations, the outbreak of pandemics or other illnesses (such as the COVID-19 pandemic), labor shortages, labor unrest and activism, transport capacity and costs, inflation, port security, weather conditions, natural disasters, armed conflicts, or other events that could alter or suspend our operations, slow or disrupt port activities, or affect foreign trade are beyond our control and could materially disrupt our supply of merchandise, increase our costs, and/or adversely affect our results of operations. There have been periodic closings and ship diversions, labor disputes, and congestion disrupting U.S. ports, including those in California where we receive a significant portion of the products we source from outside the U.S. In addition, some vendors have had difficulty supplying us products in the quantities we seek. The combination of port disruptions, the COVID-19 pandemic, and other events in our supply chain have caused us to make alternative arrangements to continue the flow of inventory, and if these types of events recur, worsen, or occur in other countries through which we source products, it may have a material impact on our costs or inventory supply. Changes in the costs of procuring commodities used in our merchandise or the costs related to our supply chain could adversely affect our results of operations.

If services we obtain from third parties are unavailable, disrupted, or fail to meet our standards and expectations, our operations could be adversely affected.

We rely on third parties to support our business, including portions of our technology infrastructure, development, and support; our digital platforms; our replenishment and fulfillment operations; store and supply chain infrastructure construction and remodel program; credit and debit card transaction processing; extensions of credit for our RedCard program; infrastructure supporting our guest contact centers; aspects of our food offerings; and delivery services. If we are unable to contract with third parties having the specialized skills needed to support those strategies or integrate their products and services with our business, or if they fail to meet our performance standards and expectations, then our reputation and results of operations could be adversely affected.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
10

RISK FACTORS
Legal, Regulatory, Global, and Other External Risks

The ongoing and evolving COVID-19 pandemic may continue to amplify the risks and uncertainties facing our business and their potential impact on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve, with pockets of resurgence and the emergence of variant strains contributing to continued uncertainty about its duration, severity, and lasting impact. Governments have taken various measures in response to COVID-19, including mandating the closure of certain businesses and encouraging or requiring citizens to avoid large gatherings. In addition, we have incurred significant expenses related to efforts to protect the health and well-being of our guests and team members. Nearly all of our stores, digital channels, and distribution centers have remained open during the COVID-19 pandemic, though at times we have had to temporarily alter other parts of our operations, including adjusting our in-store returns process, suspending physical inventory counts at our stores, metering guest traffic, reducing store hours, and, in some locations, restricting access to “non-essential” sections of our stores due to emergency operating restrictions. Those temporary alterations to our operations have at times adversely affected, and could again in the future, either alone or with any negative guest or team member perceptions about the cleanliness and safety of our stores, adversely affect the guest experience, sales, and our results of operations.

Different COVID-19 vaccines and boosters have been developed and are being distributed. As additional COVID-19 response measures, in certain jurisdictions, we are subject to vaccine mandates that apply to our team members, guests, and/or others who are in our stores and other buildings. We may be subject to similar or additional measures as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. Our implementation of these mandates and any requirements for showing compliance with them, may result in team member dissatisfaction or unrest, attrition of existing team members, difficulty in attracting new team members, inefficiencies related to team member turnover, increased costs related to ongoing compliance, scheduling disruptions, and negative guest perceptions or experiences, which could adversely affect our reputation, sales and results of operations.

The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, financial position, and results of operations will depend on future developments, many of which are outside of our control, including the duration and spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, the emergence of variant strains, the availability, adoption, and effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines and COVID-19 testing, and government actions, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The fluidity of this situation limits our ability to predict the ultimate impact of COVID-19 on our business, financial condition, and financial performance, which could be material.

Our earnings depend on the state of macroeconomic conditions and consumer confidence in the U.S.

Nearly all of our sales are in the U.S., making our results highly dependent on the health of the U.S. economy and U.S. consumer confidence, which can be affected by a variety of factors, including housing prices, unemployment rates, and inflation. A deterioration in U.S. macroeconomic conditions or consumer confidence, the likelihood of which is made more uncertain by the unknown duration, severity, and lasting impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and recent increases in the inflation rate, could adversely affect our business in many ways, including slowing sales growth, reducing overall sales, and reducing gross margins.

Such a deterioration could adversely affect additional areas of our business, such as asset impairment evaluations and the amount of credit card profit-sharing revenue payments we receive under our credit card program with TD Bank Group (TD), which owns the receivables generated by our proprietary credit cards. We could also receive lower profit-sharing payments if changes in consumer preferences regarding use of revolving credit cards adversely affect the volume of new credit accounts, the amount of credit card program balances, and/or the ability of credit card holders to pay their balances.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
11

RISK FACTORS
Uncharacteristic or significant weather conditions, natural disasters, and other catastrophic events could adversely affect our results of operations.

Uncharacteristic or significant weather conditions, including the impacts of climate change, can affect consumer shopping patterns, particularly in apparel and seasonal items, which could lead to lost sales or greater than expected markdowns and adversely affect our short-term results of operations. In addition, three of our largest states by total sales are California, Texas, and Florida, areas where natural disasters are more prevalent. Natural disasters in those states or in other areas where our sales or operations are concentrated could result in significant physical damage to or closure of one or more of our stores, distribution centers, facilities, or key vendors. In addition, weather conditions, natural disasters, and other catastrophic events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, in areas where we or our vendors have operations, could adversely affect the availability or cost of certain products within our supply chain, cause delays in the distribution of merchandise from our vendors to our distribution centers, stores, and guests, affect consumer purchasing power, or reduce consumer demand, which could adversely affect our results of operations by increasing our costs and lowering our sales.

We rely on a large, global, and changing workforce of team members, contractors, and temporary staffing. If we do not effectively manage our workforce and the concentration of work in certain global locations, our labor costs and results of operations could be adversely affected.

With over 400,000 team members, our workforce costs represent our largest operating expense, and our business is dependent on our ability to attract, train, and retain the appropriate mix of qualified team members, contractors, and temporary staffing and effectively organize and manage those resources as our business and strategic priorities change. Many team members are in entry-level or part-time positions with historically high turnover rates. Our ability to meet our changing labor needs while controlling our costs is subject to external factors such as labor laws and regulations, unemployment levels, prevailing wage rates, benefit costs, changing demographics, and our reputation and relevance within the labor market. Our ability to meet those labor needs could be further strained by expanded laws, regulations, and mandates adopted in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. If we are unable to attract and retain a workforce meeting our needs, our operations, guest service levels, support functions, and competitiveness could suffer and our results of operations could be adversely affected. We are periodically subject to labor organizing efforts and activism, which could negatively impact how we are perceived by team members and our overall reputation. If we become subject to one or more collective bargaining agreements in the future, it could adversely affect our labor costs, how we operate our business, and our results of operations. In addition to our United States operations, we have support offices in India and China, and any extended disruption of our operations in our different locations, whether due to labor difficulties or otherwise, could adversely affect our operations and financial results.

Failure to address product safety and sourcing concerns and meet evolving expectations for reporting on ESG matters could adversely affect our sales and results of operations.

If our merchandise offerings do not meet applicable safety standards or Target's or our guests’ expectations regarding safety, supply chain transparency, and responsible sourcing, we could experience lost sales and increased costs and be exposed to legal and reputational risk. All of our vendors must comply with applicable product safety laws, and we are dependent on them to ensure that the products we buy comply with all safety standards. Events that give rise to actual, potential, or perceived product safety concerns, including food or drug contamination and product defects, could expose us to government enforcement action or private litigation and result in costly product recalls and other liabilities. Our sourcing vendors, including any third parties selling through our digital channels, must also meet our expectations across multiple areas of social compliance, including supply chain transparency and responsible sourcing. We have a social compliance audit process that performs audits regularly, but we cannot continuously monitor every vendor, so we are also dependent on our vendors to ensure that the products we buy comply with our standards. If we need to seek alternative sources of supply from vendors with whom we have less familiarity, the risk of our standards not being met may increase. Expectations from shareholders, guests, team members, and other third parties concerning ESG reporting have increased, and our ability to meet those expectations is dependent on a variety of factors, including cooperation from sourcing vendors and other third parties and having access to consistent and reliable data. Negative guest perceptions regarding the safety and sourcing of the products we sell and the sufficiency and transparency of our reporting on ESG matters, and events that give rise to actual, potential, or perceived compliance and social responsibility concerns could hurt our reputation, result in lost sales, cause our guests to seek alternative sources for their needs, and make it difficult and costly for us to regain the confidence of our guests.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
12

RISK FACTORS & UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Our failure to comply with applicable laws, or changes in these laws could increase our costs, reduce our margins, and lower our sales.

Our business is subject to a wide array of laws and regulations.

Our expenses could increase and our operations could be adversely affected by law changes or adverse judicial developments involving an employer's obligation to recognize collective bargaining units, minimum wage requirements, advance scheduling notice requirements, health care or other mandates, the classification of exempt and non-exempt employees, and the classification of workers as either employees or independent contractors (particularly as it applies to our Shipt subsidiary, a technology company that connects Shipt members through its online marketplace with a network of independent contractors who select, purchase, and deliver groceries and household essentials ordered from Target and other retailers). The classification of workers as employees or independent contractors, in particular, is an area that is experiencing legal challenges and legislative changes. If our Shipt subsidiary is required to treat its independent contractor network as employees, it could result in higher compensation and benefit costs.

Changes in the legal or regulatory environment affecting information security, cybersecurity and data privacy, product safety, payment methods and related fees, responsible sourcing, supply chain transparency, environmental protection, waste management, climate change, or other ESG matters, among others, could cause our expenses to increase without an ability to pass through any increased expenses through higher prices. In addition, if we fail to comply with other applicable laws and regulations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and other anti-bribery laws, we could be subject to reputation and legal risk, including government enforcement action and class action civil litigation, which could adversely affect our results of operations by increasing our costs, reducing our margins, and lowering our sales.

Financial Risks

Increases in our effective income tax rate could adversely affect our business, results of operations, liquidity, and net income.

Several factors influence our effective income tax rate, including tax laws and regulations, the related interpretations, and our ability to sustain our reporting positions on examination. Changes in any of those factors could change our effective tax rate, which could adversely affect our net income. In addition, changes in our operations both in and outside of the U.S. may cause greater volatility in our effective tax rate.

If we are unable to access the capital markets or obtain bank credit, our financial position, liquidity, and results of operations could suffer.

We are dependent on a stable, liquid, and well-functioning financial system to fund our operations and capital investments. Our continued access to financial markets depends on multiple factors including the condition of debt capital markets, our operating performance, and maintaining strong credit ratings. If rating agencies lower our credit ratings, it could adversely affect our ability to access the debt markets, our cost of funds, and other terms for new debt issuances. Each of the credit rating agencies reviews its rating periodically, and there is no guarantee our current credit rating will remain the same. In addition, we use a variety of derivative products to manage our exposure to market risk, principally interest rate fluctuations. Disruptions or turmoil in the financial markets could reduce our ability to fund our operations and capital investments, and lead to losses on derivative positions resulting from counterparty failures, which could adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
13

PROPERTIES
Item 2.    Properties

Stores as of
January 29, 2022
StoresRetail Sq. Ft.
(in thousands)
Stores as of
January 29, 2022
Stores Retail Sq. Ft.
(in thousands)
Alabama22 3,132 Montana777 
Alaska504 Nebraska14 2,005 
Arizona46 6,081 Nevada18 2,262 
Arkansas1,165 New Hampshire10 1,236 
California309 37,069 New Jersey48 6,094 
Colorado45 6,360 New Mexico10 1,185 
Connecticut21 2,731 New York95 10,617 
Delaware551 North Carolina52 6,653 
District of Columbia342 North Dakota554 
Florida127 17,309 Ohio64 7,828 
Georgia51 6,826 Oklahoma15 2,167 
Hawaii1,234 Oregon21 2,303 
Idaho725 Pennsylvania76 9,120 
Illinois100 12,149 Rhode Island517 
Indiana32 4,185 South Carolina19 2,359 
Iowa21 2,860 South Dakota580 
Kansas17 2,385 Tennessee30 3,816 
Kentucky14 1,571 Texas153 21,029 
Louisiana15 2,120 Utah15 1,981 
Maine630 Vermont60 
Maryland40 4,967 Virginia60 7,755 
Massachusetts50 5,546 Washington40 4,424 
Michigan54 6,298 West Virginia755 
Minnesota73 10,315 Wisconsin38 4,611 
Mississippi743 Wyoming187 
Missouri35 4,611    
  Total1,926 243,284 

Stores and Distribution Centers as of January 29, 2022Stores
Distribution
Centers (a)
Owned1,528 34 
Leased242 14 
Owned buildings on leased land156 — 
Total1,926 48 
(a)The 48 distribution centers have a total of 57.0 million square feet.

We own our corporate headquarters buildings located in and around Minneapolis, Minnesota, and we lease and own additional office space elsewhere in Minneapolis and the U.S. We also lease office space in other countries. Our properties are in good condition, well maintained, and suitable to carry on our business.

For additional information on our properties, see the Capital Expenditures section in MD&A and Notes 12 and 18 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
14

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS & MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

No response is required under Item 103 of Regulation S-K.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
15

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
Item 4A.    Executive Officers

Executive officers are elected by, and serve at the pleasure of, the Board of Directors. There are no family relationships between any of the officers named and any other executive officer or member of the Board of Directors, or any arrangement or understanding pursuant to which any person was selected as an officer.

NameTitle and Business ExperienceAge
Katie M. Boylan
Executive Vice President and Chief Communications Officer since February 2021. Senior Vice President and Chief Communications Officer from January 2019 to February 2021. Senior Vice President, Communications from June 2017 to January 2019. Vice President, Communications from December 2015 to June 2017.
45 
Brian C. CornellChairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer since August 2014.63 
Michael J. FiddelkeExecutive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since November 2019. Senior Vice President, Operations from August 2018 to October 2019. Senior Vice President, Merchandising Capabilities from March 2017 to August 2018. Senior Vice President, Financial Planning & Analysis from July 2015 to March 2017.45 
Rick H. GomezExecutive Vice President and Chief Food and Beverage Officer since February 2021. Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing, Digital & Strategy Officer from December 2019 to February 2021. Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing & Digital Officer from January 2019 to December 2019. Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer from January 2017 to January 2019.52 
A. Christina Hennington
Executive Vice President and Chief Growth Officer since February 2021. Executive Vice President and Chief Merchandising Officer, Hardlines, Essentials and Capabilities from January 2020 to February 2021. Senior Vice President, Group Merchandise Manager, Essentials, Beauty, Hardlines and Services from January 2019 to January 2020. Senior Vice President, Merchandising Essentials, Beauty and Wellness from April 2017 to January 2019. Senior Vice President, Merchandising Transformation and Operations from August 2015 to April 2017.47 
Melissa K. KremerExecutive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since January 2019. Senior Vice President, Talent and Organizational Effectiveness from October 2017 to January 2019. Vice President, Human Resources, Merchandising, Strategy & Innovation, from September 2015 to October 2017.44 
Don H. LiuExecutive Vice President, Chief Legal & Risk Officer and Corporate Secretary since October 2017. Executive Vice President, Chief Legal Officer and Corporate Secretary from August 2016 to September 2017. 60 
Michael E. McNamaraExecutive Vice President and Chief Information Officer since January 2019. Executive Vice President and Chief Information & Digital Officer from September 2016 to January 2019.57 
John J. MulliganExecutive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer since September 2015.56 
Jill K. SandoExecutive Vice President and Chief Merchandising Officer since February 2021. Executive Vice President and Chief Merchandising Officer, Style and Owned Brands from January 2020 to February 2021. Senior Vice President, Group Merchandise Manager, Apparel & Accessories and Home from January 2019 to January 2020. Senior Vice President, Home from May 2014 to January 2019.53 
Mark J. SchindeleExecutive Vice President and Chief Stores Officer since January 2020. Senior Vice President, Target Properties from January 2015 to January 2020.53 
Cara A. Sylvester
Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing & Digital Officer since February 2021. Senior Vice President, Home from March 2019 to February 2021. Vice President, Beauty & Dermstore from June 2017 to March 2019. From March 2014 to June 2017, Ms. Sylvester held different leadership positions in Housewares.
44 
Laysha L. WardExecutive Vice President and Chief External Engagement Officer since January 2017. 54 
Note: As previously disclosed, Mr. McNamara intends to retire as Target's Chief Information Officer in 2022 and intends to remain in his current role until a successor is appointed, and for a transition period following such appointment.
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
16

OTHER INFORMATION
PART II

Item 5.    Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "TGT." We are authorized to issue up to 6,000,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0833, and up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01. As of March 3, 2022, there were 13,454 shareholders of record. Dividends declared per share for 2021, 2020, and 2019, are disclosed in our Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Investment.

On August 11, 2021, our Board of Directors authorized a $15 billion share repurchase program with no stated expiration. Under the program, we have repurchased 11.3 million shares of common at an average price of $236.76, for a total investment of $2.7 billion. The table below presents information with respect to Target common stock purchases made during the three months ended January 29, 2022, by Target or any "affiliated purchaser" of Target, as defined in Rule 10b-18(a)(3) under the Exchange Act.

Share Repurchase ActivityTotal Number
of Shares
Purchased
Average
Price
Paid per
Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly Announced Programs
Dollar Value of
Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under Publicly Announced Programs
Period
October 31, 2021 through November 27, 2021
Open market and privately negotiated purchases2,411,568 $252.02 2,411,568 $14,023,992,438 
November 28, 2021 through January 1, 2022
Open market and privately negotiated purchases4,871,000 234.03 4,871,000 12,884,021,368 
January 2, 2022 through January 29, 2022
Open market and privately negotiated purchases2,445,937 228.12 2,445,937 12,326,055,745 
Total9,728,505 $237.00 9,728,505 $12,326,055,745 
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
17

OTHER INFORMATION

tgt-20220129_g12.jpg
 Fiscal Years Ended
 January 28, 2017February 3, 2018February 2, 2019February 1, 2020January 30, 2021January 29, 2022
Target$100.00 $119.37 $120.35 $193.23 $322.52 $392.81 
S&P 500 Index100.00 122.83 122.76 149.23 174.97 211.72 
Peer Group100.00 143.88 150.04 181.80 252.23 264.20 

The graph above compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock for the last five fiscal years with (i) the cumulative total return on the S&P 500 Index and (ii) the peer group consisting of 19 online, general merchandise, department stores, food, and specialty retailers (Albertsons Companies, Inc., Amazon.com, Inc., Best Buy Co., Inc., Costco Wholesale Corporation, CVS Health Corporation, Dollar General Corporation, Dollar Tree, Inc., The Gap, Inc., The Home Depot, Inc., Kohl's Corporation, The Kroger Co., Lowe's Companies, Inc., Macy's, Inc., Nordstrom, Inc., Rite Aid Corporation, Ross Stores, Inc., The TJX Companies, Inc., Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc., and Walmart Inc.) (Peer Group). The Peer Group is consistent with the retail peer group used for our definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on June 8, 2022, excluding Publix Super Markets, Inc., which is not quoted on a public stock exchange.

The peer group is weighted by the market capitalization of each component company. The graph assumes the investment of $100 in Target common stock, the S&P 500 Index, and the Peer Group on January 30, 2017, and reinvestment of all dividends.

Item 6.    [Reserved]
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
18

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW & FINANCIAL SUMMARY
Item 7.   Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Executive Overview

We continue to make strategic investments to support our durable operating and financial model that further differentiates Target and is designed to drive sustainable sales and profit growth. During 2021, in support of our enterprise strategy described in Item 1 on page 2 of this Form 10-K, we

Expanded our digital fulfillment capabilities, including adding permanent storage capacity in more than 200 high-volume stores, adding thousands of new items to the list available for Order Pickup and Drive Up, and doubling the number of Drive Up parking stalls compared with last year. During 2021, over 50 percent of our digital sales were fulfilled by our same-day fulfillment options: Order Pickup, Drive Up, and delivery via Shipt.
Continued the steady stream of newness across our assortment and continued to introduce new owned brands, including our arts and crafts owned brand, Mondo LlamaTM, our sweet and savory food brand, Favorite DayTM, our pet food brand, KindfullTM, and our first dedicated storage and home organization owned brand, BrightroomTM. For the first time in history, 11 brands delivered $1 billion or more in sales, with 4 brands delivering over $2 billion in sales, driven by strength in Apparel, Home Furnishings & Decor and Food & Beverage.
Launched Ulta Beauty at Target on Target.com and in about 100 Target locations, and expanded our Apple and Disney experiences.
Remodeled 145 stores.
Opened 32 new stores, including 28 additional small format stores in key urban markets and on college campuses.
Invested significantly in our team, including recognition bonuses and launch of a new debt-free education assistance program.

Financial Summary

2021 included the following notable items:

GAAP diluted earnings per share were $14.10.
Adjusted diluted earnings per share were $13.56.
Total revenue increased 13.3 percent, driven by an increase in comparable sales.
Comparable sales increased 12.7 percent, driven by a 12.3 percent increase in traffic.
Comparable store originated sales grew 11.0 percent.
Comparable digitally originated sales increased 20.8 percent.
Operating income of $8.9 billion was 36.8 percent higher than the comparable prior-year period.
We recognized a $335 million pretax gain on the sale of Dermstore.

Sales were $104.6 billion for 2021, an increase of $12.2 billion, or 13.2 percent, from the prior year. Operating cash flow provided by continuing operations was $8.6 billion for 2021, a decrease of $(1.9) billion, or (18.1) percent, from $10.5 billion for 2020. The drivers of the operating cash flow decrease are described on page 27.

Earnings Per Share From
Continuing Operations
   Percent Change
2021202020192021/20202020/2019
GAAP diluted earnings per share $14.10 $8.64 $6.34 63.1 %36.3 %
Adjustments(0.53)0.78 0.05   
Adjusted diluted earnings per share $13.56 $9.42 $6.39 44.0 %47.4 %
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (Adjusted EPS), a non-GAAP metric, excludes the impact of certain items. Management believes that Adjusted EPS is useful in providing period-to-period comparisons of the results of our continuing operations. A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP measures is provided on page 24.

We report after-tax return on invested capital (ROIC) from continuing operations because we believe ROIC provides a meaningful measure of our capital-allocation effectiveness over time. For the trailing twelve months ended January 29, 2022, after-tax ROIC was 33.1 percent, compared with 23.5 percent for the trailing twelve months ended January 30, 2021. The calculation of ROIC is provided on page 26.
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
19

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
FINANCIAL SUMMARY & ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONS

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve. In 2020 and 2021, governments took various measures in response to COVID-19, such as mandating the closure of certain businesses and encouraging or requiring citizens to avoid large gatherings. To date, virtually all of our stores, digital channels, and distribution centers have remained open.

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have experienced strong comparable sales growth and significant volatility in our sales category and channel mix.

Supply Chain Disruptions

In recent months, we have seen increasing supply chain disruptions. In addition to country of origin production delays, trucker and dockworker shortages, a broad-based surge in consumer demand, and other factors have led to industry-wide U.S. port and ground transportation delays. In response, we have taken various actions, including ordering merchandise earlier, securing ocean freight routes, and increased use of air transport for certain merchandise. Some of these supply chain disruptions and resulting actions have resulted in increased costs. The Gross Margin Rate analysis on page 22 provides additional information.

Sale of Dermstore

In February 2021, we sold Dermstore LLC (Dermstore) for $356 million in cash and recognized a $335 million pretax gain, which is included in Net Other (Income) / Expense. Dermstore represented less than 1 percent of our consolidated revenues, operating income and net assets.

Analysis of Results of Operations

Summary of Operating Income   Percent Change
(dollars in millions)2021202020192021/20202020/2019
Sales $104,611 $92,400 $77,130 13.2 %19.8 %
Other revenue1,394 1,161 982 20.2 18.2 
Total revenue106,005 93,561 78,112 13.3 19.8 
Cost of sales74,963 66,177 54,864 13.3 20.6 
SG&A expenses19,752 18,615 16,233 6.1 14.7 
Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales)
2,344 2,230 2,357 5.1 (5.4)
Operating income$8,946 $6,539 $4,658 36.8 %40.4 %

Rate Analysis202120202019
Gross margin rate28.3 %28.4 %28.9 %
SG&A expense rate18.6 19.9 20.8 
Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales) expense rate
2.2 2.4 3.0 
Operating income margin rate8.4 7.0 6.0 
Note: Gross margin rate is calculated as gross margin (sales less cost of sales) divided by sales. All other rates are calculated by dividing the applicable amount by total revenue.

A discussion regarding Results of Operations and Analysis of Financial Condition for 2020, as compared to 2019, is included in Part II, Item 7, MD&A to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 30, 2021.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
20

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONS
Sales

Sales include all merchandise sales, net of expected returns, and our estimate of gift card breakage. Note 4 to the Financial Statements defines gift card "breakage." We use comparable sales to evaluate the performance of our stores and digital channel sales by measuring the change in sales for a period over the comparable, prior-year period of equivalent length. Comparable sales include all sales, except sales from stores open less than 13 months, digital acquisitions we have owned less than 13 months, stores that have been closed, and digital acquisitions that we no longer operate. Comparable sales measures vary across the retail industry. As a result, our comparable sales calculation is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Digitally originated sales include all sales initiated through mobile applications and our websites. Our stores fulfill the majority of digitally originated sales, including shipment from stores to guests, store Order Pickup or Drive Up, and delivery via Shipt. Digitally originated sales may also be fulfilled through our distribution centers, our vendors, or other third parties.

Sales growth – from both comparable sales and new stores – represents an important driver of our long-term profitability. We expect that comparable sales growth will drive the majority of our total sales growth. We believe that our ability to successfully differentiate our guests’ shopping experience through a careful combination of merchandise assortment, price, convenience, guest experience, and other factors will over the long-term drive both increasing shopping frequency (number of transactions, or "traffic") and the amount spent each visit (average transaction amount).

Comparable Sales202120202019
Comparable sales change12.7 %19.3 %3.4 %
Drivers of change in comparable sales   
Number of transactions (traffic)12.3 3.7 2.7 
Average transaction amount0.4 15.0 0.7 

Comparable Sales by Channel202120202019
Stores originated comparable sales change11.0 %7.2 %1.4 %
Digitally originated comparable sales change20.8 144.7 28.6 

Sales by Channel202120202019
Stores originated81.1 %82.1 %91.2 %
Digitally originated18.9 17.9 8.8 
Total100 %100 %100 %

Sales by Fulfillment Channel202120202019
Stores96.4 %96.0 %97.2 %
Other3.6 4.0 2.8 
Total100 %100 %100 %
Note: Sales fulfilled by stores include in-store purchases and digitally originated sales fulfilled by shipping merchandise from stores to guests, Order Pickup, Drive Up, and Shipt.

Sales by Product Category202120202019
Apparel and accessories17 %16 %19 %
Beauty and household essentials26 26 27 
Food and beverage20 20 19 
Hardlines18 18 16 
Home furnishings and décor19 20 19 
Total100 %100 %100 %
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
21

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONS

Note 4 to the Financial Statements provides additional product category sales information. The collective interaction of a broad array of macroeconomic, competitive, and consumer behavioral factors, as well as sales mix, and transfer of sales to new stores makes further analysis of sales metrics infeasible.

TD Bank Group offers credit to qualified guests through Target-branded credit cards: the Target Credit Card and the Target MasterCard Credit Card (Target Credit Cards). Additionally, we offer a branded proprietary Target Debit Card. Collectively, we refer to these products as RedCards™. We monitor the percentage of purchases that are paid for using RedCards (RedCard Penetration) because our internal analysis has indicated that a meaningful portion of incremental purchases on our RedCards are also incremental sales for Target. Guests receive a 5 percent discount on virtually all purchases when they use a RedCard at Target. RedCard sales increased for all years presented below; however, RedCard penetration declined as total Sales increased at a faster pace.

RedCard Penetration202120202019
Target Debit Card11.7 %12.3 %12.6 %
Target Credit Cards8.7 9.2 10.7 
Total RedCard Penetration20.5 %21.5 %23.3 %
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.

Gross Margin Rate

tgt-20220129_g13.jpg
Our gross margin rate was 28.3 percent in 2021 and 28.4 percent in 2020. This decrease reflected the net impact of
supply chain pressure related to increased compensation and headcount in our distribution centers, partially offset by the small net benefit of a higher percentage of digital sales fulfilled through our lower-cost same-day fulfillment options
higher merchandise and freight costs partially offset by historically low promotional and clearance markdown rates; and
favorable mix in the relative growth rates of higher and lower margin categories.

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A) Expense Rate

Our SG&A expense rate was 18.6 percent in 2021, compared with 19.9 percent in 2020, reflecting the leverage benefit from strong revenue growth.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
22

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONS
Store Data

Change in Number of Stores20212020
Beginning store count1,897 1,868 
Opened32 30 
Closed(3)(1)
Ending store count1,926 1,897 

Number of Stores and
Retail Square Feet
Number of Stores
Retail Square Feet (a)
January 29, 2022January 30, 2021January 29, 2022January 30, 2021
170,000 or more sq. ft.274 273 49,071 48,798 
50,000 to 169,999 sq. ft.1,516 1,509 190,205 189,508 
49,999 or less sq. ft.136 115 4,008 3,342 
Total1,926 1,897 243,284 241,648 
(a)In thousands; reflects total square feet less office, distribution center, and vacant space.

Other Performance Factors

Net Interest Expense

Net interest expense was $421 million for 2021, compared with $977 million for 2020, which included a $512 million loss on early debt retirement.

Net Other (Income) / Expense

Net Other (Income) / Expense was $(382) million and $16 million for 2021 and 2020, respectively. 2021 included the $335 million gain on the February 2021 sale of Dermstore.

Provision for Income Taxes

Our 2021 effective income tax rate was 22.0 percent compared with 21.2 percent in 2020. The rate increase was driven by significantly higher pretax earnings, which diluted the tax-rate benefit of fixed and discrete tax items.

Note 19 to the Financial Statements provides additional information.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
23

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to GAAP Measures

To provide additional transparency, we have disclosed non-GAAP adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (Adjusted EPS). This metric excludes certain items presented below. We believe this information is useful in providing period-to-period comparisons of the results of our continuing operations. This measure is not in accordance with, or an alternative to, generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (GAAP). The most comparable GAAP measure is diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. Adjusted EPS should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for analysis of our results as reported in accordance with GAAP. Other companies may calculate Adjusted EPS differently than we do, limiting the usefulness of the measure for comparisons with other companies.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP
Adjusted EPS
202120202019
(millions, except per share data)PretaxNet of TaxPer Share AmountsPretaxNet of TaxPer Share AmountsPretaxNet of TaxPer Share Amounts
GAAP diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$14.10 $8.64 $6.34 
Adjustments
Gain on Dermstore Sale$(335)$(269)$(0.55)$— $— $— $— $— $— 
Loss on debt extinguishment— — — 512 379 0.75 10 0.01 
Loss on investment (a)
— — — 19 14 0.03 41 31 0.06 
Other (b)
0.01 28 20 0.04 (17)(13)(0.02)
Income tax matters (c)
— — — — (21)(0.04)— — — 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$13.56 $9.42 $6.39 
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.
(a)Represents a loss on our investment in Casper Sleep Inc., which is not core to our continuing operations.
(b)Other items unrelated to current period operations, none of which were individually significant.
(c)Represents benefits from the resolution of certain income tax matters unrelated to current period operations.


TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
24

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Earnings from continuing operations before interest expense and income taxes (EBIT) and earnings from continuing operations before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe these measures provide meaningful information about our operational efficiency compared with our competitors by excluding the impact of differences in tax jurisdictions and structures, debt levels, and for EBITDA, capital investment. These measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative to, GAAP. The most comparable GAAP measure is net earnings from continuing operations. EBIT and EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for analysis of our results as reported in accordance with GAAP. Other companies may calculate EBIT and EBITDA differently, limiting the usefulness of the measures for comparisons with other companies.

EBIT and EBITDA  Percent Change
(dollars in millions)2021202020192021/20202020/2019
Net earnings from continuing operations$6,946 $4,368 $3,269 59.0 %33.6 %
 + Provision for income taxes1,961 1,178 921 66.5 27.9 
 + Net interest expense421 977 477 (56.9)105.1 
EBIT
$9,328 $6,523 $4,667 43.0 %39.8 %
 + Total depreciation and amortization (a)
2,642 2,485 2,604 6.3 (4.6)
EBITDA
$11,970 $9,008 $7,271 32.9 %23.9 %
(a)Represents total depreciation and amortization, including amounts classified within Depreciation and Amortization and within Cost of Sales.
TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
25

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

We have also disclosed after-tax ROIC, which is a ratio based on GAAP information, with the exception of the add-back of operating lease interest to operating income. We believe this metric is useful in assessing the effectiveness of our capital allocation over time. Other companies may calculate ROIC differently, limiting the usefulness of the measure for comparisons with other companies.

After-Tax Return on Invested Capital
(dollars in millions)
Trailing Twelve Months
Numerator
January 29, 2022January 30, 2021
Operating income
$8,946 $6,539 
 + Net other income / (expense)382 (16)
EBIT9,328 6,523 
 + Operating lease interest (a)
87 87 
 - Income taxes (b)
2,073 1,404 
Net operating profit after taxes$7,342 $5,206 
Denominator
January 29, 2022January 30, 2021February 1, 2020
Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings$171 $1,144 $161 
 + Noncurrent portion of long-term debt13,549 11,536 11,338 
 + Shareholders' investment12,827 14,440 11,833 
 + Operating lease liabilities (c)
2,747 2,429 2,475 
 - Cash and cash equivalents5,911 8,511 2,577 
Invested capital$23,383 $21,038 $23,230 
Average invested capital (d)
$22,210 $22,134 
After-tax return on invested capital33.1 %23.5 %
(a)Represents the add-back to operating income driven by the hypothetical interest expense we would incur if the property under our operating leases were owned or accounted for as finance leases. Calculated using the discount rate for each lease and recorded as a component of rent expense within SG&A Expenses. Operating lease interest is added back to operating income in the ROIC calculation to control for differences in capital structure between us and our competitors.
(b)Calculated using the effective tax rates for continuing operations, which were 22.0 percent and 21.2 percent for the trailing twelve months ended January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively. For the trailing twelve months ended January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, includes tax effect of $2.1 billion and $1.4 billion, respectively, related to EBIT, and $19 million and $18 million, respectively, related to operating lease interest.
(c)Total short-term and long-term operating lease liabilities included within Accrued and Other Current Liabilities and Noncurrent Operating Lease Liabilities, respectively.
(d)Average based on the invested capital at the end of the current period and the invested capital at the end of the comparable prior period.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
26

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
Analysis of Financial Condition

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Capital Allocation

We follow a disciplined and balanced approach to capital allocation based on the following priorities, ranked in order of importance: first, we fully invest in opportunities to profitably grow our business, create sustainable long-term value, and maintain our current operations and assets; second, we maintain a competitive quarterly dividend and seek to grow it annually; and finally, we return any excess cash to shareholders by repurchasing shares within the limits of our credit rating goals.

Our year-end cash and cash equivalents balance decreased to $5.9 billion from $8.5 billion in 2020. Our cash and cash equivalents balance includes short-term investments of $5.0 billion and $7.6 billion as of January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively. Our investment policy is designed to preserve principal and liquidity of our short-term investments. This policy allows investments in large money market funds or in highly rated direct short-term instruments that mature in 60 days or less. We also place dollar limits on our investments in individual funds or instruments.

Operating Cash Flows

Cash flows provided by operating activities were $8.6 billion in 2021 compared with $10.5 billion in 2020. For 2021, operating cash flows reflect stronger operating results, offset by increased inventory investment and lower accounts payable leverage, compared with 2020. Additionally, operating cash flows for 2021 reflect a $1.0 billion increase in income tax payments.

Inventory

Year-end inventory was $13.9 billion, compared with $10.7 billion in 2020. The increase in inventory levels reflect our efforts to align inventory with sales trends, and elevated in-transit inventory related to import supply chain delays.

TARGET CORPORATION
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2021 Form 10-K
27

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
Capital Expenditures

tgt-20220129_g14.jpg

Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.

Capital expenditures increased in 2021 from the prior year as we invested in our strategic initiatives, including store remodels, some of which were delayed in 2020, new store openings, and supply chain projects. Beyond full-store remodels, we invested in optimizing front-end space in high-volume locations to increase the efficiency of our Same-Day Services, and built-out about 100 Ulta Beauty shop-in-shops. We have completed over 900 full-store remodels since the launch of the current program in 2017, including 145 in 2021.

In addition to these cash investments, we entered into leases related to new stores in 2021, 2020, and 2019 with total future minimum lease payments of $401 million, $764 million, and $669 million, respectively, and new leases related to our supply chain with total future minimum lease payments of $226 million, $442 million, and $185 million, respectively.

We expect capital expenditures in 2022 of approximately $4.0 billion to $5.0 billion to support remodels, new stores, and supply chain projects. Supply chain projects will add replenishment capacity and modernize our network, including the use of sortation centers to enhance our last-mile delivery capabilities. We expect to complete approximately 200 full-store remodels, open 25 to 30 new stores, and add more than 250 Ulta Beauty shop-in-shops during 2022. Additionally, we will continue to invest in optimizing front-end space. We also expect to continue to invest in new store and supply chain leases.

Dividends

We paid dividends totaling $1.5 billion ($3.16 per share) in 2021 and $1.3 billion ($2.68 per share) in 2020, a per share increase of 17.9 percent. We declared dividends totaling $1.7 billion ($3.38 per share) in 2021 and $1.4 billion ($2.70 per share) in 2020, a per share increase of 25.2 percent. We have paid dividends every quarter since our 1967 initial public offering and it is our intent to continue to do so in the future.

Share Repurchases

During 2021 and 2020 we returned $7.2 billion and $609 million, respectively, to shareholders through share repurchase. See Part II, Item 5, Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and Note 21 to the Financial Statements for more information.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
28

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
Subsequent to year-end, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase arrangement to repurchase up to $2.75 billion of our common stock. Under the agreement, we paid $2.75 billion and received an initial delivery of 8.9 million shares, subject to a final settlement of cash or additional shares in the second quarter of 2022.

Financing

Our financing strategy is to ensure liquidity and access to capital markets, to maintain a balanced spectrum of debt maturities, and to manage our net exposure to floating interest rate volatility. Within these parameters, we seek to minimize our borrowing costs. Our ability to access the long-term debt and commercial paper markets has provided us with ample sources of liquidity. Our continued access to these markets depends on multiple factors, including the condition of debt capital markets, our operating performance, and maintaining strong credit ratings. As of January 29, 2022, our credit ratings were as follows:

Credit RatingsMoody'sStandard and Poor'sFitch
Long-term debtA2AA
Commercial paperP-1A-1F1

If our credit ratings were lowered, our ability to access the debt markets, our cost of funds, and other terms for new debt issuances could be adversely impacted. Each of the credit rating agencies reviews its rating periodically and there is no guarantee our current credit ratings will remain the same as described above. Fitch raised our long-term debt rating from A- to A during 2021.

In 2021, we issued $2.0 billion of debt, and we repaid $1.1 billion of debt at maturity.

In 2021, we obtained a committed $3.0 billion unsecured revolving credit facility that will expire in October 2026. This new facility replaced our $2.5 billion unsecured revolving credit facility that was set to expire in October 2023. No balances were outstanding under either credit facility at any time during 2021 or 2020.

Most of our long-term debt obligations contain covenants related to secured debt levels. In addition to a secured debt level covenant, our credit facility also contains a debt leverage covenant. We are, and expect to remain, in compliance with these covenants. Additionally, as of January 29, 2022, no notes or debentures contained provisions requiring acceleration of payment upon a credit rating downgrade, except that certain outstanding notes allow the note holders to put the notes to us if within a matter of months of each other we experience both (i) a change in control and (ii) our long-term credit ratings are either reduced and the resulting rating is non-investment grade, or our long-term credit ratings are placed on watch for possible reduction and those ratings are subsequently reduced and the resulting rating is non-investment grade.

Note 16 to the Financial Statements provides additional information.

Future Cash Requirements

We enter into contractual obligations in the ordinary course of business that may require future cash payments. Such obligations include, but are not limited to, purchase commitments, debt service, leasing arrangements, and liabilities related to deferred compensation and pensions. The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements provide additional information.

We believe our sources of liquidity, namely operating cash flows, credit facility capacity, and access to capital markets, will continue to be adequate to meet our contractual obligations, working capital and capital expenditure requirements, finance anticipated expansion and strategic initiatives, fund debt maturities, pay dividends, and execute purchases under our share repurchase program for the foreseeable future.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
29

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
Critical Accounting Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts. In the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we describe the significant accounting policies used in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Our management has discussed the development, selection, and disclosure of our critical accounting estimates with the Audit & Risk Committee of our Board of Directors. The following items require significant estimation or judgment:

Inventory and cost of sales:    The vast majority of our inventory is accounted for under the retail inventory accounting method using the last-in, first-out method (LIFO). Our inventory is valued at the lower of LIFO cost or market. We reduce inventory for estimated losses related to shrink and markdowns. Our shrink estimate is based on historical losses verified by physical inventory counts. Historically, our actual physical inventory count results have shown our estimates to be reliable. Market adjustments for markdowns are recorded when the salability of the merchandise has diminished. Salability can be impacted by consumer preferences and seasonality, among other factors. We believe the risk of inventory obsolescence is largely mitigated because our inventory typically turns in less than three months. Inventory was $13.9 billion and $10.7 billion as of January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively, and is further described in Note 10 to the Financial Statements.

Vendor income:    We receive various forms of consideration from our vendors (vendor income), principally earned as a result of volume rebates, markdown allowances, promotions, and advertising allowances. Substantially all vendor income is recorded as a reduction of cost of sales. Vendor income earned can vary based on a number of factors, including purchase volumes, sales volumes, and our pricing and promotion strategies.

We establish a receivable for vendor income that is earned but not yet received. Based on historical trending and data, this receivable is computed by forecasting vendor income collections and estimating the amount earned. The majority of the year-end vendor income receivables are collected within the following fiscal quarter, and we do not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that the assumptions used in our estimate will change significantly. Historically, adjustments to our vendor income receivable have not been material. Vendor income receivable was $518 million and $504 million as of January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively. Vendor income is described further in Note 6 to the Financial Statements.

Long-lived assets:    Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable. The evaluation is performed primarily at the store level. An impairment loss is recognized when estimated undiscounted future cash flows from the operation and/or eventual disposition of the asset or asset group is less than its carrying amount, and is measured as the excess of its carrying amount over fair value. We estimate fair value by obtaining market appraisals, obtaining valuations from third-party brokers, or using other valuation techniques. We recorded impairments of $87 million, $62 million, and $23 million in 2021, 2020, and 2019, respectively, which are described further in Note 12 to the Financial Statements.

Insurance/self-insurance:    We retain a substantial portion of the risk related to certain general liability, workers' compensation, property loss, and team member medical and dental claims. However, we maintain stop-loss coverage to limit the exposure related to certain risks. Liabilities associated with these losses include estimates of both claims filed and losses incurred but not yet reported. We use actuarial methods which consider a number of factors to estimate our ultimate cost of losses. General liability and workers' compensation liabilities are recorded based on our estimate of their net present value; other liabilities referred to above are not discounted. Our workers' compensation and general liability accrual was $519 million and $510 million as of January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively. We believe that the amounts accrued are appropriate; however, our liabilities could be significantly affected if future occurrences or loss developments differ from our assumptions. For example, a 5 percent increase or decrease in average claim costs would have impacted our self-insurance expense by $26 million in 2021. Historically, adjustments to our estimates have not been material. Refer to Part II, Item 7A, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk, for further disclosure of the market risks associated with these exposures. We maintain insurance coverage to limit our exposure to certain events, including network security matters.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
30

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION & NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Income taxes:    We pay income taxes based on the tax statutes, regulations, and case law of the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Significant judgment is required in determining the timing and amounts of deductible and taxable items, and in evaluating the ultimate resolution of tax matters in dispute with tax authorities. The benefits of uncertain tax positions are recorded in our financial statements only after determining it is likely the uncertain tax positions would withstand challenge by taxing authorities. We periodically reassess these probabilities and record any changes in the financial statements as appropriate. Liabilities for uncertain tax positions, including interest and penalties, were $138 million and $193 million as of January 29, 2022, and January 30, 2021, respectively. We believe the resolution of these matters will not materially affect our consolidated financial statements. Income taxes are described further in Note 19 to the Financial Statements.

Pension accounting:    We maintain a funded qualified defined benefit pension plan, as well as nonqualified and international pension plans that are generally unfunded, for certain current and retired team members. The costs for these plans are determined based on actuarial calculations using the assumptions described in the following paragraphs. Eligibility and the level of benefits vary depending on each team member's full-time or part-time status, date of hire, age, length of service, and/or compensation. The benefit obligation and related expense for these plans are determined based on actuarial calculations using assumptions about the expected long-term rate of return, the discount rate, compensation growth rates, mortality, and retirement age. These assumptions, with adjustments made for any significant plan or participant changes, are used to determine the period-end benefit obligation and establish expense for the next year.

Our 2021 expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of 5.80 percent was determined by the portfolio composition, historical long-term investment performance, and current market conditions. A 1 percentage point decrease in our expected long-term rate of return would increase annual expense by $41 million.

The discount rate used to determine benefit obligations is adjusted annually based on the interest rate for long-term high-quality corporate bonds, using yields for maturities that are in line with the duration of our pension liabilities. Our benefit obligation and related expense will fluctuate with changes in interest rates. A 1 percentage point decrease in the weighted average discount rate would increase annual expense by $62 million.

Based on our experience, we use a graduated compensation growth schedule that assumes higher compensation growth for younger, shorter-service pension-eligible team members than it does for older, longer-service pension-eligible team members.

Pension benefits are further described in Note 24 to the Financial Statements.

Legal and other contingencies:    We believe the accruals recorded in our consolidated financial statements properly reflect loss exposures that are both probable and reasonably estimable. We do not believe any of the currently identified claims or litigation will materially affect our results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings could occur. If an unfavorable ruling were to occur, it may cause a material adverse impact on the results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition for the period in which the ruling occurs, or future periods. Refer to Note 15 to the Financial Statements for further information on contingencies.

New Accounting Pronouncements

We do not expect that any recently issued accounting pronouncements will have a material effect on our financial statements.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
31

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS & QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES
Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements, which are based on our current assumptions and expectations. These statements are typically accompanied by the words "expect," "may," "could," "believe," "would," "might," "anticipates," or similar words. The principal forward-looking statements in this report include: our financial performance, statements regarding the adequacy of and costs associated with our sources of liquidity, the funding of debt maturities, the continued execution of our share repurchase program, our expected capital expenditures and new lease commitments, the expected compliance with debt covenants, the expected impact of new accounting pronouncements, our intentions regarding future dividends, contributions and payments related to our pension plan, the expected return on plan assets, the expected timing and recognition of compensation expenses, the effects of macroeconomic conditions, the adequacy of our reserves for general liability, workers' compensation and property loss, the expected outcome of, and adequacy of our reserves for claims, litigation, and the resolution of tax matters, our expectations regarding our contractual obligations, liabilities, and vendor income, the expected ability to recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities and the timing of such recognition, the expected impact of changes in information technology systems, future responses to and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, and changes in our assumptions and expectations.

All such forward-looking statements are intended to enjoy the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. Although we believe there is a reasonable basis for the forward-looking statements, our actual results could be materially different. The most important factors which could cause our actual results to differ from our forward-looking statements are set forth on our description of risk factors included in Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors to this Form 10-K, which should be read in conjunction with the forward-looking statements in this report. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement.

Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

As of January 29, 2022, our exposure to market risk was primarily from interest rate changes on our debt obligations and short-term investments, some of which are at a London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Our interest rate exposure is primarily due to differences between our floating rate debt obligations compared to our floating rate short-term investments. As of January 29, 2022, our floating rate short-term investments exceeded our floating rate debt by approximately $3.5 billion. Based on our balance sheet position as of January 29, 2022, the annualized effect of a 0.1 percentage point increase in floating interest rates on our floating rate debt obligations, net of our floating rate short-term investments, would increase our earnings before income taxes by $3 million. In general, we expect our floating rate debt to exceed our floating rate short-term investments over time, but that may vary in different interest rate and economic environments. For example, our short-term investments as of January 29, 2022, exceeded our floating rate debt due to operating cash flow acceleration driven by strong operating results. See further description of our debt and derivative instruments in Notes 16 and 17 to the Financial Statements.

The United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority has announced the intent to phase out LIBOR by June 2023. We do not expect the phase out to materially impact our financial statements, liquidity, or access to capital markets.

We record our general liability and workers' compensation liabilities at net present value; therefore, these liabilities fluctuate with changes in interest rates. Based on our balance sheet position as of January 29, 2022, the annualized effect of a 0.5 percentage point increase/(decrease) in interest rates would increase/(decrease) earnings before income taxes by $6 million.

In addition, we are exposed to market return fluctuations on our qualified defined benefit pension plan. The value of our pension liabilities is inversely related to changes in interest rates. A 1 percentage point decrease in the weighted average discount rate would increase annual expense by $62 million. To protect against declines in interest rates, we hold high-quality, long-duration bonds and derivative instruments in our pension plan trust. As of January 29, 2022, we had hedged 70 percent of the interest rate exposure of our plan liabilities.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
32

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES
As more fully described in Note 23 to the Financial Statements, we are exposed to market returns on accumulated team member balances in our nonqualified, unfunded deferred compensation plans. We control the risk of offering the nonqualified plans by making investments in life insurance contracts and prepaid forward contracts on our own common stock that substantially offset our economic exposure to the returns on these plans.

There have been no other material changes in our primary risk exposures or management of market risks since the prior year.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
33

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
INDEX
Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
34

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
REPORTS

Report of Management on the Consolidated Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the consistency, integrity, and presentation of the information in the Annual Report. The consolidated financial statements and other information presented in this Annual Report have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and include necessary judgments and estimates by management.
To fulfill our responsibility, we maintain comprehensive systems of internal control designed to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded and transactions are executed in accordance with established procedures. The concept of reasonable assurance is based upon recognition that the cost of the controls should not exceed the benefit derived. We believe our systems of internal control provide this reasonable assurance.
The Board of Directors exercised its oversight role with respect to the Corporation's systems of internal control primarily through its Audit & Risk Committee, which is comprised of independent directors. The Committee oversees the Corporation's systems of internal control, accounting practices, financial reporting and audits to assess whether their quality, integrity, and objectivity are sufficient to protect shareholders' investments.
In addition, our consolidated financial statements have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, whose report also appears on this page.
/s/ Brian C. Cornell 
/s/ Michael J. Fiddelke
Brian C. Cornell
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer


March 9, 2022
 Michael J. Fiddelke
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of
Target Corporation
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of Target Corporation (the Corporation) as of January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows and shareholders' investment for each of the three years in the period ended January 29, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Corporation at January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 29, 2022, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Corporation's internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated March 9, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Corporation’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Corporation in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
35

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
REPORTS

Valuation of Inventory and related Cost of Sales
Description of the Matter
At January 29, 2022, the Corporation’s inventory was $13,902 million. As described in Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements, the Corporation accounts for the vast majority of its inventory under the retail inventory accounting method (RIM) using the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method. RIM is an averaging method that has been widely used in the retail industry due to its practicality. Under RIM, inventory cost and the resulting gross margins are calculated by applying a cost-to-retail ratio to the inventory retail value.
Auditing inventory requires extensive audit effort including significant involvement of more experienced audit team members, including the involvement of our information technology (IT) professionals, given the relatively higher level of automation impacting the inventory process including the involvement of multiple information systems used to capture the high volume of transactions processed by the Corporation. Further, the inventory process is supported by a number of automated and IT dependent controls that elevate the importance of the IT general controls that support the underlying information systems utilized to process transactions.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Corporation’s inventory process, including the underlying IT general controls. For example, we tested automated controls performed by the Corporation’s information systems and controls over the completeness of data transfers between information systems used in performing the Corporation’s RIM calculation. Our audit procedures included, among others, testing the processing scenarios of the automated controls by evaluating configuration settings and performing a transaction walkthrough for each scenario.
Our audit procedures also included, among others, testing the key inputs into the RIM calculation, including purchases, sales, shortage, and price changes (markdowns) by comparing the key inputs back to source information such as third-party vendor invoices, third-party inventory count information and cash receipts. We performed extensive analytical procedures. For example, we performed multiple linear regression analysis to predict ending inventory values at each store and distribution center location, as well as predictive markdown analytics based on inquiries held with members of the merchant organization to assess the level of price changes within a category. In addition, we tested the existence of inventories by observing physical inventory counts for a sample of stores and distribution centers.
Valuation of Vendor Income Receivables
Description of the Matter
At January 29, 2022, the Corporation’s vendor income receivables totaled $518 million. As discussed in Note 6 of the consolidated financial statements, the Corporation receives consideration for a variety of vendor-sponsored programs, which are primarily recorded as a reduction of cost of sales when earned. The Corporation records a receivable for amounts earned but not yet received.
Auditing the Corporation's vendor income receivables was complex due to the estimation required in measuring the receivables. The estimate was sensitive to significant assumptions, such as forecasted vendor income collections, and estimating the time period over which the collections have been earned, which is primarily based on historical trending and data.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Corporation’s vendor income receivable process, including controls over management’s review of the significant assumptions described above.
To test the estimated vendor income receivables, we performed audit procedures that included, among others, assessing the estimation methodology used by management and evaluating the forecasted vendor income collections and the time period over which collections have been earned as used in the receivable estimation model. For a sample of the vendor rebates and concessions, we evaluated the nature and source of the inputs used and the terms of the contractual agreements. We recalculated the amount of the vendor income earned based on the inputs and the terms of the agreements. In addition, we recalculated the time period over which the vendor income collection had been earned to assess the accuracy of management’s estimates. We also performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the significance of changes in the receivables that would result from changes in assumptions.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Corporation's auditor since 1931.
Minneapolis, Minnesota
March 9, 2022
TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
36

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
REPORTS

Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2022, based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework). Based on our assessment, we conclude that the Corporation's internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.
Our internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2022, has been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm who has also audited our consolidated financial statements, as stated in their report which appears on this page.
/s/ Brian C. Cornell 
/s/ Michael J. Fiddelke
Brian C. Cornell
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer


March 9, 2022
 Michael J. Fiddelke
Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of
Target Corporation
Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited Target Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Target Corporation (the Corporation) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2022, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated statements of financial position of the Corporation as of January 29, 2022 and January 30, 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, cash flows and shareholders' investment for each of the three years in the period ended January 29, 2022, and the related notes and our report dated March 9, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
The Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Corporation in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
Minneapolis, Minnesota
March 9, 2022
TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
37

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Consolidated Statements of Operations

(millions, except per share data)202120202019
Sales$104,611 $92,400 $77,130 
Other revenue1,394 1,161 982 
Total revenue106,005 93,561 78,112 
Cost of sales74,963 66,177 54,864 
Selling, general and administrative expenses19,752 18,615 16,233 
Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales)
2,344 2,230 2,357 
Operating income
8,946 6,539 4,658 
Net interest expense421 977 477 
Net other (income) / expense(382)16 (9)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes8,907 5,546 4,190 
Provision for income taxes1,961 1,178 921 
Net earnings from continuing operations6,946 4,368 3,269 
Discontinued operations, net of tax  12 
Net earnings$6,946 $4,368 $3,281 
Basic earnings per share
Continuing operations$14.23 $8.72 $6.39 
Discontinued operations  0.02 
Net earnings per share$14.23 $8.72 $6.42 
Diluted earnings per share
Continuing operations$14.10 $8.64 $6.34 
Discontinued operations  0.02 
Net earnings per share$14.10 $8.64 $6.36 
Weighted average common shares outstanding   
Basic488.1 500.6 510.9 
Diluted492.7 505.4 515.6 
Antidilutive shares   
Note: Per share amounts may not foot due to rounding.

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
38

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(millions) 202120202019
Net earnings$6,946 $4,368 $3,281 
Other comprehensive income / (loss), net of tax
   
Pension benefit liabilities
152 102 (65)
Currency translation adjustment and cash flow hedges
51 10 2 
Other comprehensive income / (loss)
203 112 (63)
Comprehensive income
$7,149 $4,480 $3,218 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
39

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(millions, except footnotes)January 29, 2022January 30, 2021
Assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$5,911 $8,511 
Inventory13,902 10,653 
Other current assets1,760 1,592 
Total current assets21,573 20,756 
Property and equipment  
Land6,164 6,141 
Buildings and improvements32,985 31,557 
Fixtures and equipment6,407 5,914 
Computer hardware and software2,505 2,765 
Construction-in-progress1,257 780 
Accumulated depreciation(21,137)(20,278)
Property and equipment, net28,181 26,879 
Operating lease assets2,556 2,227 
Other noncurrent assets1,501 1,386 
Total assets$53,811 $51,248 
Liabilities and shareholders' investment  
Accounts payable$15,478 $12,859 
Accrued and other current liabilities6,098 6,122 
Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings171 1,144 
Total current liabilities
21,747 20,125 
Long-term debt and other borrowings13,549 11,536 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities2,493 2,218 
Deferred income taxes1,566 990 
Other noncurrent liabilities1,629 1,939 
Total noncurrent liabilities19,237 16,683 
Shareholders' investment  
Common stock39 42 
Additional paid-in capital6,421 6,329 
Retained earnings6,920 8,825 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(553)(756)
Total shareholders' investment12,827 14,440 
Total liabilities and shareholders' investment$53,811 $51,248 
Common Stock Authorized 6,000,000,000 shares, $0.0833 par value; 471,274,073 shares issued and outstanding as of January 29, 2022; 500,877,129 shares issued and outstanding as of January 30, 2021.

Preferred Stock Authorized 5,000,000 shares, $0.01 par value; no shares were issued or outstanding during any period presented.

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

TARGET CORPORATION
tgt-20220129_g2.jpg
2021 Form 10-K
40

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(millions)202120202019
Operating activities   
Net earnings
$6,946