10-Q 1 tgt-201855x10xq.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended May 5, 2018
 
Commission File Number 1-6049
 
 
targetbullseyea05a02a02a14.jpg
TARGET CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Minnesota
 
41-0215170
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1000 Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis, Minnesota
 
55403
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 612/304-6073
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: N/A
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes x No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Large accelerated filer  x
  Accelerated filer  o
 Non-accelerated filer  o
Smaller reporting company  o
Emerging growth company  o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o
      
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).                 Yes o No x
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. Total shares of common stock, par value $0.0833, outstanding at May 23, 2018 were 533,134,856.





TARGET CORPORATION
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
(millions, except per share data) (unaudited)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted (a)

Sales
$
16,556

 
$
15,995

Other revenue
225

 
228

Total revenue
16,781

 
16,223

Cost of sales
11,625

 
11,199

Selling, general and administrative expenses
3,545

 
3,353

Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales)
570

 
516

Operating income
1,041

 
1,155

Net interest expense
121

 
140

Net other (income) / expense
(7
)
 
(15
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
927

 
1,030

Provision for income taxes
210

 
355

Net earnings from continuing operations
717

 
675

Discontinued operations, net of tax
1

 
3

Net earnings
$
718

 
$
678

Basic earnings per share
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.34

 
$
1.22

Discontinued operations

 
0.01

Net earnings per share
$
1.34

 
$
1.23

Diluted earnings per share
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.33

 
$
1.21

Discontinued operations

 
0.01

Net earnings per share
$
1.33

 
$
1.22

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
Basic
536.9

 
552.4

Dilutive impact of share-based awards
4.1

 
2.8

Diluted
541.0

 
555.2

Antidilutive shares
2.2

 
3.0

Dividends declared per share
$
0.62

 
$
0.60

Note: Per share amounts may not foot due to rounding. 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(a) 
Refer to Note 2 regarding the adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions, including impacts on previously reported results.


1




Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
 
Three Months Ended
(millions) (unaudited)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted (a)

Net earnings
$
718

 
$
678

Other comprehensive income
 

 
 

Pension, net of taxes of $5 and $5
13

 
7

Currency translation adjustment and cash flow hedges, net of tax (benefit) / provision of $(1) and $1
(3
)
 
5

Other comprehensive income
10

 
12

Comprehensive income
$
728

 
$
690

 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(a) 
Refer to Note 2 regarding the adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions, including impacts on previously reported results.


2




Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
 

 
 

 
 

(millions) (unaudited)
May 5,
2018

 
February 3,
2018
As Adjusted (a)

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted (a)

Assets
 
 
 

 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,060

 
$
2,643

 
$
2,680

Inventory
8,652

 
8,597

 
7,920

Other current assets
1,164

 
1,300

 
1,116

Total current assets
10,876

 
12,540

 
11,716

Property and equipment
 

 
 

 
 

Land
6,090

 
6,095

 
6,105

Buildings and improvements
28,363

 
28,131

 
27,320

Fixtures and equipment
5,135

 
5,623

 
5,177

Computer hardware and software
2,511

 
2,645

 
2,546

Construction-in-progress
639

 
440

 
379

Accumulated depreciation
(17,971
)
 
(18,398
)
 
(17,285
)
Property and equipment, net
24,767

 
24,536

 
24,242

Operating lease assets
1,958

 
1,884

 
1,879

Other noncurrent assets
1,328

 
1,343

 
723

Total assets
$
38,929

 
$
40,303

 
$
38,560

Liabilities and shareholders’ investment
 

 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
8,131

 
$
8,677

 
$
6,537

Accrued and other current liabilities
3,630

 
4,094

 
3,973

Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings
283

 
281

 
1,729

Total current liabilities
12,044

 
13,052

 
12,239

Long-term debt and other borrowings
11,107

 
11,117

 
10,916

Noncurrent operating lease liabilities
2,007

 
1,924

 
1,923

Deferred income taxes
744

 
693

 
843

Other noncurrent liabilities
1,869

 
1,866

 
1,660

Total noncurrent liabilities
15,727

 
15,600

 
15,342

Shareholders’ investment
 

 
 

 
 

Common stock
44

 
45

 
46

Additional paid-in capital
5,664

 
5,858

 
5,674

Retained earnings
6,187

 
6,495

 
5,885

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(737
)
 
(747
)
 
(626
)
Total shareholders’ investment
11,158

 
11,651

 
10,979

Total liabilities and shareholders’ investment
$
38,929

 
$
40,303

 
$
38,560

Common Stock Authorized 6,000,000,000 shares, $.0833 par value; 532,916,612, 541,681,670 and 551,657,501 shares issued and outstanding at May 5, 2018, February 3, 2018 and April 29, 2017, respectively.
 
Preferred Stock Authorized 5,000,000 shares, $.01 par value; no shares were issued or outstanding during any period presented.
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(a) 
Refer to Note 2 regarding the adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions, including impacts on previously reported results.


3




Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
(millions) (unaudited)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted (a)

Operating activities
 

 
 

Net earnings
$
718

 
$
678

Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax
1

 
3

Net earnings from continuing operations
717

 
675

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by operations
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
631

 
581

Share-based compensation expense
42

 
16

Deferred income taxes
48

 
2

Noncash losses / (gains) and other, net
40

 
(19
)
Changes in operating accounts
 

 
 
Inventory
(55
)
 
323

Other assets
26

 
22

Accounts payable
(604
)
 
(715
)
Accrued and other liabilities
(333
)
 
372

Cash provided by operating activities—continuing operations
512

 
1,257

Cash provided by operating activities—discontinued operations
2

 
48

Cash provided by operations
514

 
1,305

Investing activities
 

 
 

Expenditures for property and equipment
(827
)
 
(486
)
Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment
4

 
13

Other investments
5

 
(9
)
Cash required for investing activities
(818
)
 
(482
)
Financing activities
 

 
 

Reductions of long-term debt
(12
)
 
(10
)
Dividends paid
(334
)
 
(332
)
Repurchase of stock
(524
)
 
(317
)
Accelerated share repurchase pending final settlement
(425
)
 

Stock option exercises
16

 
4

Cash required for financing activities
(1,279
)
 
(655
)
Net (decrease) / increase in cash and cash equivalents
(1,583
)
 
168

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
2,643

 
2,512

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,060

 
$
2,680

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(a) 
Refer to Note 2 regarding the adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions, including impacts on previously reported results.


4




Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Investment
 
Common

 
Stock

 
Additional

 
 

 
Accumulated Other

 
 

 
Stock

 
Par

 
Paid-in

 
Retained

 
Comprehensive

 
 

(millions) (unaudited)
Shares

 
Value

 
Capital

 
Earnings

 
(Loss) / Income

 
Total

January 28, 2017
As Adjusted (a)
556.2

 
$
46

 
$
5,661

 
$
5,846

 
$
(638
)
 
$
10,915

Net earnings

 

 

 
2,914

 

 
2,914

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
8

 
8

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(1,356
)
 

 
(1,356
)
Repurchase of stock
(17.6
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(1,026
)
 

 
(1,027
)
Stock options and awards
3.1

 

 
197

 

 

 
197

Reclassification of tax effects to retained earnings

 

 

 
117

 
(117
)
 

February 3, 2018
As Adjusted (a)
541.7

 
$
45

 
$
5,858

 
$
6,495

 
$
(747
)
 
$
11,651

Net earnings

 

 

 
718

 

 
718

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
10

 
10

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(333
)
 

 
(333
)
Repurchase of stock
(6.9
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(493
)
 

 
(494
)
Accelerated share repurchase pending final settlement
(2.9
)
 

 
(225
)
 
(200
)
 

 
(425
)
Stock options and awards
1.0

 

 
31

 

 

 
31

May 5, 2018
532.9

 
$
44

 
$
5,664

 
$
6,187

 
$
(737
)
 
$
11,158

 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

(a) 
Refer to Note 2 regarding the adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions, including impacts on previously reported results.


5




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
 
1. Accounting Policies
 
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchanged Commission (SEC) applicable to interim financial statements. While these statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for fair presentation of the results of the interim period, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) for complete financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statement disclosures in our 2017 Form 10-K.

We use the same accounting policies in preparing quarterly and annual financial statements. Certain prior-year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Note 2 provides information about our adoption of new accounting standards for revenue recognition, leases, and pensions. Unless otherwise noted, amounts presented within the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements refer to our continuing operations.
 
We operate as a single segment that includes all of our continuing operations, which are designed to enable guests to purchase products seamlessly in stores or through our digital channels. Virtually all of our revenues are generated in the United States. The vast majority of our long-lived assets are located within the United States.

Due to the seasonal nature of our business, quarterly revenues, expenses, earnings, and cash flows are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.

2. Accounting Standards Adopted

Revenue Recognition

We adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), as of February 4, 2018, using the full retrospective approach. The new standard did not materially affect our consolidated net earnings, financial position, or cash flows. The new standard resulted in minor changes to the timing of recognition of revenues for certain promotional gift card programs.

For the three months ended April 29, 2017, we reclassified $171 million of profit-sharing income under our credit card program agreement to Other Revenue from Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A). In addition, we reclassified certain advertising, rental, and other miscellaneous revenues, none of which was individually significant, from Sales and SG&A to Other Revenues.

Leases

We adopted ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), as of February 4, 2018, using the modified retrospective approach. The modified retrospective approach provides a method for recording existing leases at adoption and in comparative periods that approximates the results of a full retrospective approach. In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classification. We also elected the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward our accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements.
In addition, we elected the hindsight practical expedient to determine the lease term for existing leases. Our election of the hindsight practical expedient resulted in the shortening of lease terms for certain existing leases and the useful lives of corresponding leasehold improvements. In our application of hindsight, we evaluated the performance of the leased stores and the associated markets in relation to our overall real estate strategies, which resulted in the determination that most renewal options would not be reasonably certain in determining the expected lease term.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of additional net lease assets and lease liabilities of approximately $1.3 billion and $1.4 billion, respectively, as of February 4, 2018. The difference between the additional lease assets and lease liabilities, net of the deferred tax impact, was recorded as an adjustment to retained earnings. The standard did not materially impact our consolidated net earnings and had no impact on cash flows.


6




Pensions

In the first quarter of 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2017-07, Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715) using the full retrospective approach. The new standard requires employers to disaggregate and present separately the current service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost within the Consolidated Statement of Operations. For the three months ended April 29, 2017, we reclassified $(15) million of non-service cost components of net benefit cost to Net Other (Income) / Expense from SG&A on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Effect of Accounting Standards Adoption on Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months
Ended
Effect of the Adoption of
 
Three Months
Ended
 
ASC
Topic 606
(Revenue
Recognition)
 
ASC
Topic 842
(Leases)
 
ASU
2017-07
(Pension)
 
(millions, except per share data) (unaudited)
April 29,
2017
As Previously Reported
 
 
 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted
Sales
$
16,017

$
(22
)
(a) 
$

 
$

 
$
15,995

Other revenue

228

(a) 

 

 
228

Total revenue
16,017

206

 

 

 
16,223

Cost of sales
11,199


 

 

 
11,199

Selling, general and administrative expenses
3,132

206

(a) 

 
15

(c) 
3,353

Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales)
508


 
8

(b) 

 
516

Operating income
1,178


 
(8
)
 
(15
)
 
1,155

Net interest expense
144


 
(3
)
(b) 

 
140

Net other (income) / expense


 

 
(15
)
(c) 
(15
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
1,034


 
(5
)
 

 
1,030

Provision for income taxes
357


 
(2
)
 

 
355

Net earnings from continuing operations
677


 
(3
)
 

 
675

Discontinued operations, net of tax
4


 

 

 
3

Net earnings
$
681

$

 
$
(3
)
 
$

 
$
678

Basic earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.23

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.22

Discontinued operations
0.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
0.01

Net earnings per share
$
1.23

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.23

Diluted earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.22

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.21

Discontinued operations
0.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
0.01

Net earnings per share
$
1.23

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.22

Note: Per share amounts may not foot due to rounding. The sum of "As Previously Reported" amounts and effects of the adoption of the new standards may not equal "As Adjusted" amounts due to rounding.
(a) 
For the three months ended April 29, 2017, we reclassified $171 million of profit-sharing income under our credit card program agreement to Other Revenue from SG&A. In addition, we reclassified certain advertising, rental, and other miscellaneous revenues, none of which was individually significant, from Sales and SG&A to Other Revenues.
(b) 
Relates to lease-term changes under the hindsight practical expedient.
(c) 
Relates to non-service cost components reclassified to Net Other (Income) / Expense from SG&A.









7




Effect of Accounting Standards Adoption on Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of the Adoption of
 
 
(millions) (unaudited)
February 3,
2018
As Previously Reported
 
ASC
Topic 606
(Revenue
Recognition)
 
ASC
Topic 842
(Leases)
 
February 3,
2018
As Adjusted
Assets
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2,643

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,643

Inventory
8,657

 
(60
)
(a) 

 
8,597

Other current assets
1,264

 
60

(a) 
(24
)
(b) 
1,300

Total current assets
12,564

 

 
(24
)
 
12,540

Property and equipment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Land
6,095

 

 

 
6,095

Buildings and improvements
28,396

 

 
(265
)
(c) 
28,131

Fixtures and equipment
5,623

 

 

 
5,623

Computer hardware and software
2,645

 

 

 
2,645

Construction-in-progress
440

 

 

 
440

Accumulated depreciation
(18,181
)
 

 
(217
)
(c) 
(18,398
)
Property and equipment, net
25,018

 

 
(482
)
 
24,536

Operating lease assets

 

 
1,884

(d) 
1,884

Other noncurrent assets
1,417

 

 
(74
)
(e) 
1,343

Total assets
$
38,999

 
$

 
$
1,304

 
$
40,303

Liabilities and shareholders’ investment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Accounts payable
$
8,677

 
$

 
$

 
$
8,677

Accrued and other current liabilities
4,254

 
(14
)
(k) 
(146
)
(f) 
4,094

Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings
270

 

 
11

(g) 
281

Total current liabilities
13,201

 
(14
)
 
(135
)
 
13,052

Long-term debt and other borrowings
11,317

 

 
(200
)
(g) 
11,117

Noncurrent operating lease liabilities

 

 
1,924

(h) 
1,924

Deferred income taxes
713

 
4

 
(24
)
 
693

Other noncurrent liabilities
2,059

 

 
(192
)
(i) 
1,866

Total noncurrent liabilities
14,089

 
4

 
1,508

 
15,600

Shareholders’ investment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Common stock
45

 

 

 
45

Additional paid-in capital
5,858

 

 

 
5,858

Retained earnings
6,553

 
10

(k) 
(69
)
(j) 
6,495

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(747
)
 

 

 
(747
)
Total shareholders’ investment
11,709

 
10

 
(69
)
 
11,651

Total liabilities and shareholders’ investment
$
38,999

 
$

 
$
1,304

 
$
40,303

Note: The sum of "As Previously Reported" amounts and effects of the adoption of the new standards may not equal "As Adjusted" amounts due to rounding. Footnote explanations are provided on page 9.

8




Effect of Accounting Standards Adoption on Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Effect of the Adoption of
 
 
(millions) (unaudited)
April 29,
2017
As Previously Reported
 
ASC
Topic 606
(Revenue
Recognition)
 
ASC
Topic 842
(Leases)
 
April 29,
 2017
As Adjusted
Assets
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2,680

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,680

Inventory
7,986

 
(65
)
(a) 

 
7,920

Other current assets
1,073

 
65

(a) 
(23
)
(b) 
1,116

Total current assets
11,739

 

 
(23
)
 
11,716

Property and equipment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Land
6,105

 

 

 
6,105

Buildings and improvements
27,740

 

 
(420
)
(c) 
27,320

Fixtures and equipment
5,177

 

 

 
5,177

Computer hardware and software
2,546

 

 

 
2,546

Construction-in-progress
379

 

 

 
379

Accumulated depreciation
(17,265
)
 

 
(20
)
(c) 
(17,285
)
Property and equipment, net
24,682

 

 
(440
)
 
24,242

Operating lease assets

 

 
1,879

(d) 
1,879

Other noncurrent assets
797

 

 
(75
)
(e) 
723

Total assets
$
37,218

 
$

 
$
1,341

 
$
38,560

Liabilities and shareholders’ investment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Accounts payable
$
6,537

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,537

Accrued and other current liabilities
4,137

 
(14
)
(k) 
(151
)
(f) 
3,973

Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings
1,718

 

 
11

(g) 
1,729

Total current liabilities
12,392

 
(14
)
 
(140
)
 
12,239

Long-term debt and other borrowings
11,086

 

 
(170
)
(g) 
10,916

Noncurrent operating lease liabilities

 

 
1,923

(h) 
1,923

Deferred income taxes
869

 
6

 
(32
)
 
843

Other noncurrent liabilities
1,850

 

 
(190
)
(i) 
1,660

Total noncurrent liabilities
13,805

 
6

 
1,531

 
15,342

Shareholders’ investment
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Common stock
46

 

 

 
46

Additional paid-in capital
5,674

 

 

 
5,674

Retained earnings
5,927

 
8

(k) 
(50
)
(j) 
5,885

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(626
)
 

 

 
(626
)
Total shareholders’ investment
11,021

 
8

 
(50
)
 
10,979

Total liabilities and shareholders’ investment
$
37,218

 
$

 
$
1,341

 
$
38,560

Note: The sum of "As Previously Reported" amounts and effects of the adoption of the new standards may not equal "As Adjusted" amounts due to rounding.

(a) 
Represents estimated merchandise returns, which were reclassified from Inventory to Other Current Assets.
(b) 
Represents prepaid rent reclassified to Operating Lease Assets.
(c) 
Represents impact of changes in finance lease terms and related leasehold improvements (net of accumulated depreciation) under the hindsight practical expedient and derecognition of approximately $135 million of non-Target owned properties that were consolidated under previously existing build-to-suit accounting rules.
(d) 
Represents capitalization of operating lease assets and reclassification of leasehold acquisition costs, straight-line rent accrual, and tenant incentives.
(e) 
Represents reclassification of leasehold acquisition costs to Operating Lease Assets.
(f) 
Represents reclassification of straight-line rent accrual to Operating Lease Assets, partially offset by recognition of the current portion of operating lease liabilities.
(g) 
Represents the impact of changes in financing lease terms for certain leases due to the election of the hindsight practical expedient.
(h) 
Represents recognition of operating lease liabilities.

9




(i) 
Represents derecognition of approximately $135 million of liabilities related to non-Target owned properties that were consolidated under previously existing build-to-suit accounting rules and reclassification of tenant incentives to Operating Lease Assets.
(j) 
Represents the retained earnings impact of lease-term changes due to the use of hindsight, primarily from the shortening of lease terms for certain existing leases and useful lives of corresponding leasehold improvements.
(k) 
Primarily represents the impact of a change in timing of revenue recognition for certain promotional gift card programs.

3. Revenues

General merchandise sales represent the vast majority of our revenues. We also earn revenues from a variety of other sources, most notably credit card profit sharing income from our arrangement with TD Bank Group (TD).

During the first quarter of 2018, we reclassified certain income streams, including credit card profit sharing income, to Other Revenue on our Consolidated Statements of Operations and conformed prior periods. Note 2 provides additional information.

Revenues
Three Months Ended
(millions)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Beauty and household essentials
$
4,227

 
$
4,051

Food and beverage
3,587

 
3,452

Apparel and accessories
3,503

 
3,413

Home furnishings and décor
2,903

 
2,747

Hardlines
2,313

 
2,310

Other
23

 
22

Sales
16,556

 
15,995

 
 
 
 
Credit card profit sharing
167

 
171

Other
58

 
57

Other revenue
225

 
228

 
 
 
 
Total revenue
$
16,781

 
$
16,223


Merchandise sales – We record almost all retail store revenues at the point of sale. Digital channel originated sales may include shipping revenue and are recorded upon delivery to the guest or upon guest pickup in store. Total revenues do not include sales tax because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales taxes. Generally, guests may return national brand merchandise within 90 days of purchase and owned and exclusive brands within one year of purchase. Sales are recognized net of expected returns, which we estimate using historical return patterns and our expectation of future returns. As of May 5, 2018, February 3, 2018, and April 29, 2017, the accrual for estimated returns was $119 million, $110 million, and $122 million, respectively. We have not historically had material adjustments to our returns estimates.
Under certain vendor arrangements the purchase and sale of inventory is virtually simultaneous. We record revenue and related costs gross for the vast majority of these arrangements, with approximately 5% of consolidated sales made under such arrangements. We concluded that we are the principal in these transactions for a number of reasons, most notably because we 1) control the overall economics of the transactions, including setting the sales price and realizing the majority of cash flows from the sale, 2) control the relationship with the customer, and 3) are responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide goods to the customer.
Revenue from Target gift card sales is recognized upon gift card redemption, which is typically within one year of issuance. Our gift cards do not expire. Based on historical redemption rates, a small and relatively stable percentage of gift cards will never be redeemed, referred to as "breakage." Estimated breakage revenue is recognized over time in proportion to actual gift card redemptions.

10




(millions)
February 3,
2018

 
Gift Cards Issued During Current Period But Not Redeemed (a)

 
Revenue Recognized From Beginning Liability

 
May 5,
2018

Gift card liability
$
709

 
$
205

 
$
(281
)
 
$
633

(a) 
Net of estimated breakage.

Guests receive a 5 percent discount on virtually all purchases and receive free shipping at Target.com when they use their Target-branded credit or debit card (REDcards). The 5 percent discount is included as a sales reduction in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and was $214 million and $209 million for the three months ended May 5, 2018 and April 29, 2017, respectively.
Credit card profit sharing – We receive payments under a credit card program agreement with TD. Under the agreement, we receive a percentage of the profits generated by the Target Credit Card and Target MasterCard receivables in exchange for performing account servicing and primary marketing functions. TD underwrites, funds, and owns Target Credit Card and Target MasterCard receivables, controls risk management policies, and oversees regulatory compliance.

4. Fair Value Measurements
 
Fair value measurements are reported in one of three levels reflecting the valuation techniques used to determine fair value.
 
 
Fair Value Measurements - Recurring Basis
 
Fair Value at
(millions)
Pricing Category
May 5,
2018

 
February 3,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
 

 
 

 
 

Short-term investments
Level 1
$
311

 
$
1,906

 
$
2,002

Other Current Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

Prepaid forward contracts
Level 1
21

 
23

 
37

Other Noncurrent Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate swaps (a)
Level 2

 

 
4

Liabilities
 
 

 
 

 
 

Other Noncurrent Liabilities
 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate swaps (a)
Level 2
10

 
6

 

(a) 
See Note 7 for additional information on interest rate swaps.

 
Significant Financial Instruments not Measured at Fair Value (a)

(millions)
May 5, 2018
 
February 3, 2018
 
April 29, 2017
Carrying
Amount

Fair
Value

 
Carrying
Amount

Fair
Value

 
Carrying
Amount

Fair
Value

Debt (b)
$
10,442

$
10,782

 
$
10,440

$
11,155

 
$
11,717

$
12,610

(a) 
The carrying amounts of certain other current assets, accounts payable, and certain accrued and other current liabilities approximate fair value due to their short-term nature.
(b) 
The carrying amount and estimated fair value of debt exclude unamortized swap valuation adjustments and lease liabilities.

5. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents at May 5, 2018 include $311 million of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less from the time of purchase. Cash equivalents also include amounts due from third-party financial institutions for credit and debit card transactions, which typically settle in five days or less.



11




6. Notes Payable and Long-Term Debt

We obtain short-term financing from time to time under our commercial paper program, a form of notes payable. For the three months ended May 5, 2018, the maximum amount outstanding was $658 million and the average daily amount outstanding was $127 million at a weighted average annual interest rate of 1.8 percent. At May 5, 2018, no balances were outstanding. No balances were outstanding at any time during the three months ended April 29, 2017.

7. Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Our derivative instruments primarily consist of interest rate swaps, which we use to mitigate interest rate risk. As a result of our use of derivative instruments, we have counterparty credit exposure to large global financial institutions. We monitor this concentration of counterparty credit risk on an ongoing basis. See Note 4 for a description of the fair value measurement of our derivative instruments and their classification on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
 
In March 2018, we entered into an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $250 million, under which we pay a variable rate and receive a fixed rate. We designated this swap as a fair value hedge. With the addition of this swap, as of May 5, 2018, three interest rate swaps with notional amounts totaling $1,250 million were designated as fair value hedges. As of April 29, 2017, two interest rate swaps with notional amounts totaling $1,000 million were designated as fair value hedges. No ineffectiveness was recognized during the three months ended May 5, 2018 or April 29, 2017.

We recorded income of less than $1 million and $4 million during the three months ended May 5, 2018 and April 29, 2017, respectively, within Net Interest Expense on our Consolidated Statements of Operations related to periodic payments, valuation adjustments, and amortization of gains or losses on our interest rate swaps.
  
8. Leases

We lease certain retail stores, warehouses, distribution centers, office space, land, and equipment. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet; we recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. For leases beginning in 2018 and later, we account for lease components (e.g., fixed payments including rent, real estate taxes and insurance costs) separately from the nonlease components (e.g., common-area maintenance costs).
Most leases include one or more options to renew, with renewal terms that can extend the lease term from one to 50 years or more. The exercise of lease renewal options is at our sole discretion. Certain leases also include options to purchase the leased property. The depreciable life of assets and leasehold improvements are limited by the expected lease term, unless there is a transfer of title or purchase option reasonably certain of exercise.
Certain of our lease agreements include rental payments based on a percentage of retail sales over contractual levels and others include rental payments adjusted periodically for inflation. Our lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
We rent or sublease certain real estate to third parties. Our sublease portfolio consists mainly of operating leases with CVS Pharmacy Inc. for space within our stores.

12




Leases
(millions)
Classification
May 5,
2018

February 3,
2018

April 29,
2017

Assets
 
 
 
 
Operating lease assets
Operating Lease Assets
$
1,958

$
1,884

$
1,879

Finance lease assets
Buildings and Improvements, net of Accumulated Depreciation (a)
826

836

803

Total leased assets
 
$
2,784

$
2,720

$
2,682

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Current
 
 
 
 
Operating
Accrued and Other Current Liabilities
$
150

$
147

$
126

Finance
Current Portion of Long-term Debt and Other Borrowings
81

80

44

Noncurrent
 
 
 
 
Operating
Noncurrent Operating Lease Liabilities
2,007

1,924

1,923

Finance
Long-term Debt and Other Borrowings
876

885

877

Total lease liabilities
 
$
3,114

$
3,036

$
2,970

(a) 
Finance lease assets are recorded net of accumulated amortization of $332 million, $317 million, and $269 million as of May 5, 2018, February 3, 2018, and April 29, 2017, respectively.

Lease Cost
 
Three Months Ended
(millions)
Classification
May 5,
2018

April 29,
2017

Operating lease cost (a)
SG&A Expenses
$
60

$
53

Finance lease cost
 
 
 
Amortization of leased assets
Depreciation and Amortization (b)
17

15

Interest on lease liabilities
Net Interest Expense
11

10

Sublease income (c)
Other Revenue
(2
)
(2
)
Net lease cost
 
$
86

$
76

(a) 
Includes short-term leases and variable lease costs, which are immaterial.
(b) 
Supply chain-related amounts are included in Cost of Sales.
(c) 
Sublease income excludes rental income from owned properties of $12 million for the three months ended May 5, 2018 and April 29, 2017, which is included in Other Revenue.

Maturity of Lease Liabilities
(millions)
Operating 
Leases (a)

Finance
Leases (b)

Total

2018
$
174

$
99

$
273

2019
230

91

321

2020
220

88

308

2021
212

88

300

2022
208

88

296

After 2022
1,880

920

2,800

Total lease payments
$
2,924

$
1,374

$
4,298

Less: Interest (c)
767

417

 

Present value of lease liabilities (d)
$
2,157

$
957

 

Note: For leases commencing prior to 2018, minimum lease payments excludes payments to landlords for real estate taxes and common area maintenance.
(a) 
Operating lease payments include $798 million related to options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised and exclude $264 million of legally binding minimum lease payments for leases signed but not yet commenced.
(b) 
Finance lease payments include $122 million related to options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised and exclude $236 million of legally binding minimum lease payments for leases signed but not yet commenced.
(c) 
Calculated using the interest rate for each lease.
(d) 
Includes the current portion of $150 million for operating leases and $81 million for finance leases.


13




Lease Term and Discount Rate
May 5,
2018

February 3,
2018

April 29,
2017

Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)
 
 
 
Operating leases
14.9

15.2

15.9

Finance leases
15.2

15.4

15.4

Weighted-average discount rate
 
 
 
Operating leases
3.89
%
3.88
%
3.90
%
Finance leases
4.67
%
4.64
%
4.63
%

Other Information
Three Months Ended
(millions)
May 5,
2018

April 29,
2017

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
$
49

$
47

Operating cash flows from finance leases
11

10

Financing cash flows from finance leases
12

10

Leased assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities
5

63

Leased assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
113

103


9. Income Taxes

 
Three Months Ended
(dollars in millions)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

Income tax expense
$
210

 
$
355

Effective tax rate (a)
22.6
%
 
34.5
%
(a) 
For the three months ended May 5, 2018, our income tax rate decreased by 11.9% compared with the three months ended April 29, 2017 primarily due to the lower federal corporate tax rate enacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Tax Act), partially offset by certain other provisions, none of which was individually significant.

In 2017, we recorded provisional amounts for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC Topic 740 was incomplete but a reasonable estimate could be determined. During the three months ended May 5, 2018, we made no adjustments to previously-recorded provisional amounts related to the Tax Act. Additional work is necessary for a more detailed analysis of (1) certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, including 2017 accelerated depreciation deductions, and (2) historical foreign earnings and outside book/tax basis differences. We do not expect subsequent adjustments to be material, but any such adjustments related to these amounts will be recorded to tax expense in the quarter of 2018 in which we complete the analysis.

Beginning with the quarter ending May 5, 2018, we are subject to a new tax on global intangible low-taxed income that is imposed on foreign earnings. We have made an accounting election to record this tax as a period cost and thus have not adjusted any of the deferred tax assets or liabilities of our foreign subsidiaries for the new tax. Impacts of this new tax were immaterial and are included in our provision for income taxes for the three months ended May 5, 2018.


14




10. Share Repurchase

 
Three Months Ended
(millions, except per share data)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Total number of shares purchased
6.9

 
4.9

Average price paid per share
$
71.24

 
$
61.68

Total investment
$
494

 
$
305

Note: Activity related to the April 2018 accelerated share repurchase (ASR) described below is omitted because the transaction was not fully settled as of May 5, 2018.

During April 2018, we entered into an ASR to repurchase $225 to $425 million of our common stock under the existing $5 billion share repurchase program. Under the agreement, we paid $425 million and received an initial delivery of 2.9 million shares, which were retired, resulting in a $200 million reduction to Retained Earnings. As of May 5, 2018, $225 million is included in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as a reduction to Additional Paid-in Capital.

11. Pension Benefits
 
We provide pension plan benefits to certain eligible team members.

Net Pension Benefits Expense
Three Months Ended
(millions)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Service cost
$
24

 
$
21

Interest cost
37

 
34

Expected return on assets
(62
)
 
(61
)
Amortization of losses
21

 
15

Amortization of prior service cost
(3
)
 
(3
)
Total
$
17

 
$
6

 
12. Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) / Income
 
 
(millions)
Cash Flow
Hedges

 
Currency
Translation
Adjustment

 
Pension

 
Total

February 3, 2018
$
(14
)
 
$
(13
)
 
$
(720
)
 
$
(747
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI

 

 
13

(a) 
13

May 5, 2018
$
(14
)
 
$
(16
)
 
$
(707
)
 
$
(737
)
(a) 
Represents pension amortization, net of $5 million of taxes.


15




Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Executive Summary
 
First quarter 2018 includes the following notable items:

GAAP earnings per share from continuing operations were $1.33.
Adjusted earnings per share from continuing operations were $1.32.
Comparable sales increased 3.0 percent, driven by a 3.7 percent increase in traffic.
Digital channel sales increased 28 percent.

As described in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, certain prior-year amounts have been adjusted to reflect the impact of adopting Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), and ASU No. 2017-07, Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715) and adjusted throughout this document to conform to the current year presentation.

Sales were $16,556 million for the three months ended May 5, 2018, an increase of $561 million or 3.5 percent from the same period in the prior year. Operating cash flow provided by continuing operations was $512 million for the three months ended May 5, 2018, a decrease of $745 million, or 59 percent from $1,257 million for the three months ended April 29, 2017. Refer to the Operating Cash Flows discussion within the Liquidity and Capital Resources section of MD&A on page 23 for additional information.
 
Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations
Three Months Ended
 
 

May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted (a)

 
Change

GAAP diluted earnings per share
$
1.33

 
$
1.21

 
9.1
%
Adjustments
(0.01
)
 
(0.01
)
 
 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share
$
1.32

 
$
1.20

 
9.4
%
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (Adjusted EPS), a non-GAAP metric, excludes the impact of certain items not related to our routine retail operations. Management believes that Adjusted EPS is meaningful to provide period-to-period comparisons of our operating results. A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP measures is provided on page 21.
(a) 
Lease standard adoption resulted in a $0.01 reduction in both GAAP and Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations for the three months ended April 29, 2017.

For the trailing twelve months ended May 5, 2018, ROIC was 15.2 percent, compared with 13.8 percent for the trailing twelve months ended April 29, 2017. (Note, the adoption of the lease standard reduced ROIC by approximately 0.5 percentage points for all periods presented.) Excluding the discrete impacts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act), ROIC was 13.5 percent for the trailing twelve months ended May 5, 2018. A reconciliation of ROIC is provided on page 22.


16




Analysis of Results of Operations
 
Beginning with the first quarter 2018, we no longer present segment EBIT and segment rate analysis within Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Instead, we present an analysis of results of operating income. Prior period amounts conform to the current year presentation.

 
Three Months Ended
 
 

(dollars in millions)
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

 
Change

Sales
$
16,556

 
$
15,995

 
3.5
 %
Other revenue (a)
225

 
228

 
(1.2
)
Total revenue
16,781

 
16,223

 
3.4

Cost of sales
11,625

 
11,199

 
3.8

Selling, general and administrative expenses
3,545

 
3,353

 
5.7

Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales)
570

 
516

 
10.5

Operating income
$
1,041

 
$
1,155

 
(9.9
)%
(a) 
Other revenue includes $167 million and $171 million of profit-sharing income under our credit card program agreement for the three months ended May 5, 2018 and April 29, 2017, respectively.

Rate Analysis
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

Gross margin rate (a)
29.8
%
 
30.0
%
SG&A expense rate (b)
21.1

 
20.7

Depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales) expense rate (b)
3.4

 
3.2

Operating income margin rate (b)
6.2

 
7.1

(a) 
Calculated as gross margin (sales less cost of sales) divided by sales.
(b) 
Calculated by dividing the applicable amount by total revenue.

Sales
 
Sales include all merchandise sales, net of expected returns, and gift card breakage. Comparable sales is a measure that highlights the performance of our stores and digital channels by measuring the change in sales for a period over the comparable, prior-year period of equivalent length. Comparable sales include all sales, except sales from stores open less than 13 months, digital acquisitions we have owned less than 13 months, stores that have been closed, and digital acquisitions that we no longer operate. Comparable sales measures vary across the retail industry. As a result, our comparable sales calculation is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Digital channel sales include all sales initiated through mobile applications and our websites. Digital channel sales may be fulfilled through our stores, our distribution centers, our vendors, or other delivery options, including store pick-up or drive-up and delivery via our wholly-owned subsidiary, Shipt.

17





The increase in sales during the three months ended May 5, 2018, is due to a comparable sales increase of 3.0 percent and the contribution from new stores.
 
Comparable Sales
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Comparable sales change
3.0
 %
 
(1.3
)%
Drivers of change in comparable sales
 

 
 

Number of transactions
3.7

 
(0.8
)
Average transaction amount
(0.6
)
 
(0.6
)
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.

Contribution to Comparable Sales Change
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Stores channel comparable sales change
1.9
%
 
(2.2
)%
Digital channel contribution to comparable sales change
1.1

 
0.8

Total comparable sales change
3.0
%
 
(1.3
)%
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.

Sales by Channel
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

Stores
94.8
%
 
95.8
%
Digital
5.2

 
4.2

Total
100
%
 
100
%

Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements provides sales by product category. The collective interaction of a broad array of macroeconomic, competitive, and consumer behavioral factors, as well as sales mix, and transfer of sales to new stores makes further analysis of sales metrics infeasible.

We monitor the percentage of purchases that are paid for using REDcards (REDcard Penetration) because our internal analysis has indicated that a meaningful portion of the incremental purchases on REDcards are also incremental sales for Target. Guests receive a 5 percent discount on virtually all purchases when they use a REDcard at Target.
 
REDcard Penetration
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Target Debit Card
13.5
%
 
13.6
%
Target Credit Cards
10.6

 
11.1

Total REDcard Penetration
24.1
%
 
24.7
%
Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding. In Q1 2018, we refined our calculation of REDcard penetration. The prior period amount has been updated to conform with the current period methodology, resulting in an increase of 0.2 percentage points to the Total REDcard Penetration at April 29, 2017.


18




Gross Margin Rate
tgt2015q2gmrateqtra08.jpg


For the three months ended May 5, 2018, our gross margin rate was 29.8 percent compared with 30.0 percent in the comparable period last year. The decrease was primarily due to increased digital fulfillment costs. Among other factors, our gross margin benefited from cost savings initiatives combined with the net impact of our efforts to improve pricing and promotions. These benefits were partially offset by the impact of our first quarter sales mix.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expense Rate
tgt-2015050_chartx49372a10.jpg
For the three months ended May 5, 2018, our SG&A expense rate was 21.1 percent compared to 20.7 percent in the comparable period last year. The increase was due to higher compensation, primarily driven by store wages, and other items, including increased investment in stores.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense Rate

For the three months ended May 5, 2018, our depreciation and amortization (exclusive of depreciation included in cost of sales) expense rate was 3.4 percent compared to 3.2 percent in the comparable period last year. The increase was primarily due to higher accelerated depreciation for planned store remodels and the impact of increased investments in store assets.


19




Store Data
 
Change in Number of Stores
Three Months Ended
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017

Beginning store count
1,822

 
1,802

Opened
7

 
5

Closed

 

Ending store count
1,829

 
1,807


Number of Stores and
Retail Square Feet
Number of Stores
 
Retail Square Feet (a)
May 5,
2018

February 3,
2018

April 29,
2017

 
May 5,
2018

February 3,
2018

April 29,
2017

170,000 or more sq. ft.
274

274

276

 
48,951

48,966

49,328

50,000 to 169,999 sq. ft.
1,502

1,500

1,505

 
189,258

189,030

189,746

49,999 or less sq. ft.
53

48

26

 
1,477

1,359

709

Total
1,829

1,822

1,807

 
239,686

239,355

239,783

(a)  In thousands, reflects total square feet, less office, distribution center, and vacant space.
 
Other Performance Factors

Net Interest Expense
 
Net interest expense from continuing operations was $121 million and $140 million for the three months ended May 5, 2018 and April 29, 2017, respectively. The decrease is due to both a lower average net portfolio rate and lower average debt balances during the three months ended May 5, 2018 as compared with the prior year period.

Provision for Income Taxes
 
Our effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the three months ended May 5, 2018 was 22.6 percent compared with 34.5 percent for the comparable period last year. The decrease was primarily due to the lower federal corporate tax rate enacted by the Tax Act.


20




Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to GAAP Measures
 
To provide additional transparency, we have disclosed non-GAAP adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (Adjusted EPS). This metric excludes certain items presented below. We believe this information is useful in providing period-to-period comparisons of the results of our continuing operations. This measure is not in accordance with, or an alternative for, generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). The most comparable GAAP measure is diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. Adjusted EPS should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Other companies may calculate Adjusted EPS differently, limiting the usefulness of the measure for comparisons with other companies.

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
May 5, 2018
 
April 29, 2017
As Adjusted (a)
(millions, except per share data)
 
Pretax

 
Net of Tax

 
Per Share Amounts

 
Pretax

 
Net of Tax

 
Per Share Amounts

GAAP diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.33

 
 
 
 
 
$
1.21

Adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax matters (b)
 
$

 
$
(5
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$

 
$
(7
)
 
$
(0.01
)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
$
1.32

 
 
 
 
 
$
1.20

Note: Amounts may not foot due to rounding.
(a) 
Lease standard adoption resulted in a $0.01 reduction in both GAAP and Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations for the three months ended April 29, 2017. Refer to Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
(b) 
Represents income from income tax matters not related to current period operations.

Consolidated earnings from continuing operations before interest expense and income taxes (EBIT) and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) are non-GAAP financial measures which we believe provide meaningful information about our operational efficiency compared to our competitors by excluding the impact of differences in tax jurisdictions and structures, debt levels, and for EBITDA, capital investment. These measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative for, GAAP. The most comparable GAAP measure is net earnings from continuing operations. Consolidated EBIT and EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Other companies may calculate consolidated EBIT and EBITDA differently, limiting the usefulness of the measure for comparisons with other companies.
EBIT and EBITDA
 
Three Months Ended
 
 

(millions) (unaudited)
 
May 5,
2018
 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted
 
Change
Net earnings from continuing operations
 
$
717

 
$
675

 
6.3
 %
+ Provision for income taxes
 
210

 
355

 
(41.0
)
+ Net interest expense
 
121

 
140

 
(13.4
)
EBIT (a)
 
$
1,048

 
$
1,170

 
(10.4
)%
+ Total depreciation and amortization (b)
 
631

 
581

 
8.6

EBITDA (a)
 
$
1,679

 
$
1,751

 
(4.1
)%
(a) 
Adoption of the new accounting standards resulted in an $8 million decrease in EBIT for the three months ended April 29, 2017, with no impact on EBITDA.
(b) 
Represents total depreciation and amortization, including amounts classified within Depreciation and Amortization and within Cost of Sales on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

21






We have also disclosed after-tax ROIC, which is a ratio based on GAAP information. We believe this metric is useful in assessing the effectiveness of our capital allocation over time. Other companies may calculate ROIC differently, limiting the usefulness of the measure for comparisons with other companies.

After-Tax Return on Invested Capital
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trailing Twelve Months
 
 
Numerator
(dollars in millions)
 
May 5,
2018 (a)

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

 
 
Operating income
 
$
4,110

 
$
4,723

 
 
+ Net other income / (expense)
 
51

 
93

 
 
EBIT
 
4,161

 
4,816

 
 
+ Operating lease interest (b)
 
80

 
75

 
 
Adjusted EBIT
 
$
4,241

 
$
4,891

 
 
- Income taxes (c)
 
692

(d) 
1,633

 
 
Net operating profit after taxes
 
$
3,549

 
$
3,258

 
 

Denominator
(dollars in millions) 
 
May 5,
2018

 
April 29,
2017
As Adjusted

 
April 30,
2016
As Adjusted

Current portion of long-term debt and other borrowings
 
$