DEF 14A 1 a2231425zdef14a.htm DEF 14A
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No.          )

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Preliminary Proxy Statement

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Definitive Proxy Statement

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Definitive Additional Materials

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Soliciting Material under §240.14a-12

 

CUMMINS INC.

(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

 

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)

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LOGO


500 JACKSON STREET, BOX 3005, COLUMBUS, INDIANA 47202-3005


NOTICE OF 2017 ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

To Our Shareholders:

        NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Shareholders of Cummins Inc. will be held at our Columbus Engine Plant located at 500 Central Avenue, Columbus, Indiana, on Tuesday, May 9, 2017, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, for the following purposes:

    1.
    to elect the ten nominees named in the attached proxy statement as directors for the ensuing year;

    2.
    to consider an advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers;

    3.
    to consider an advisory vote on the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers;

    4.
    to ratify the appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as our auditors for 2017;

    5.
    to approve our amended and restated 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan;

    6.
    to approve amendments to our by-laws to implement proxy access;

    7.
    to consider a proposal from a shareholder regarding proxy access; and

    8.
    to transact any other business that may properly come before the meeting or any adjournment thereof.

        Only shareholders of our Common Stock of record at the close of business on March 7, 2017 are entitled to notice of and to vote at the meeting.

        If you do not expect to be present in person at the meeting, you are urged to vote your shares by telephone, via the Internet, or by completing, signing and dating the enclosed proxy card and returning it promptly in the envelope provided.

        You may revoke your proxy card at any time before the voting. Except with respect to shares attributable to accounts held in the Cummins Retirement and Savings Plans, any shareholders entitled to vote at the annual meeting who attend the meeting will be entitled to cast their votes in person.

    MARK J. SIFFERLEN,
Secretary

March 27, 2017


IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING THE AVAILABILITY OF PROXY MATERIALS FOR THE 2017
ANNUAL SHAREHOLDER MEETING TO BE HELD ON MAY 9, 2017:
the Annual Report and Proxy Statement are available at www.proxyvote.com


LOGO


PROXY STATEMENT FOR 2017 ANNUAL SHAREHOLDERS MEETING

        We are furnishing this proxy statement in connection with the solicitation by our Board of Directors of proxies to be voted at our 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on Tuesday, May 9, 2017, and at any adjournment thereof, which we refer to as our "Annual Meeting." This proxy statement, together with the enclosed proxy card, is first being made available to our shareholders on or about March 27, 2017.

        Holders of our Common Stock of record at the close of business on March 7, 2017 are entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting. On that date there were issued and outstanding 167,971,264 shares of Common Stock, each of which is entitled to one vote on each matter submitted to a shareholder vote at the Annual Meeting.

        Each share of Common Stock represented by a properly executed and delivered proxy card will be voted at the Annual Meeting in accordance with the instructions indicated on that proxy card, unless such proxy card has been previously revoked. If no instructions are indicated on a signed proxy card, the shares represented by such proxy card will be voted as recommended by our Board.

        A shareholder may revoke his or her proxy card at any time before the Annual Meeting by delivering to our Secretary written notice of such revocation. This notice must include the number of shares for which the proxy card had been given and the name of the shareholder of such shares as it appears on the stock certificate(s), or in book entry form on the records of our stock transfer agent and registrar, Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, evidencing ownership of such shares. In addition, except with respect to shares attributable to accounts held in the Cummins Retirement and Savings Plans (the "Cummins RSPs"), any shareholder who has executed a proxy card but is present at the Annual Meeting will be entitled to cast his or her vote in person instead of by proxy card, thereby canceling the previously executed proxy card.

        Participants in a Cummins RSP who hold shares of Common Stock in their account and provide voting instructions to the trustee with respect to such shares will have their shares voted by the trustee as instructed. Such participants will be considered named fiduciaries with respect to the shares allocated to their accounts solely for purposes of this proxy solicitation. If no voting instructions are provided, shares held in the accounts will be voted in the same manner and proportion as shares with respect to which valid voting instructions were received. Any instructions received by the trustee from participants regarding their vote shall be confidential. Cummins RSP participants may attend the Annual Meeting but cannot vote the shares in their Cummins RSP accounts in person at the Annual Meeting.

IMPORTANT: If you hold your shares in a brokerage account, you should be aware that, due to New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, rules, if you do not affirmatively instruct your broker how to vote within 10 days prior to our Annual Meeting, your broker will not be permitted to vote your shares (i) for the election of directors; (ii) on the advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers; (iii) on the advisory vote on the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers; (iv) on our amended and restated 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan; (v) on the amendments to our by-laws to implement proxy access; or (vi) on the shareholder proposal regarding proxy access. Therefore, you must affirmatively take action to vote your shares at our Annual Meeting. If you do not affirmatively vote your shares, your shares will not be voted (i) for the election of directors; (ii) on the advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers; (iii) on the advisory vote on the frequency of future advisory votes on the compensation of our named executive officers; (iv) on our amended and restated 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan; (v) on the amendments to our by-laws to implement proxy access; or (vi) on the shareholder proposal regarding proxy access.

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CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

        We long have believed that good corporate governance is important in ensuring that we are managed for the long-term benefit of our shareholders. We continuously review our Board's structure, policies and practices and compare them to those suggested by various authorities in corporate governance and to the practices of other public companies. Our corporate governance principles, charters for each of our Board's Audit, Compensation, and Governance and Nominating Committees, our code of business conduct and our by-laws, along with certain other corporate governance documents, are available on our website, www.cummins.com, and are otherwise available in print to any shareholder who requests them from our Secretary.


Corporate Governance Highlights

 
   
   
   
   
    Director Independence      

9 of 10 director nominees are independent

5 fully independent Board Committees: Audit; Compensation; Governance & Nominating; Finance; and Safety, Environment & Technology

   
    Board Accountability    

All directors are elected annually

Simple majority voting standard for all uncontested director elections

Shareholder right to call special meetings




 
       
    Proxy Access      

Proactive adoption in 2016 of proxy access for director nominees, subject to approval at 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders

Available to a shareholder, or group of up to 20 shareholders, holding 3% of our common stock for at least 3 years

   
    Board Leadership    

Annual assessment and determination of Board leadership structure

Annual election of independent Lead Director whenever Chairman/CEO roles are combined or when the Chairman is not independent

Lead Director has strong role and significant governance duties, including chair of Governance & Nominating Committee and of all Executive Sessions of independent directors

 
       
    Board Evaluation and Effectiveness      

Annual Board and Committee self-assessments

Annual independent director evaluation of Chairman and CEO

   
    Board Refreshment    

Average tenure of current directors is 9 years

2 new directors added to Board in last 2 years; 7 new directors since 2008

Mandatory director retirement age

Board members represent diverse perspectives; current Board includes 2 female directors, 1 African-American director and 2 directors from Latin America




 
       
    Director Engagement      

All of the directors attended 75% or more of the aggregate number of meetings of our Board and the committees on which they served during 2016

Limits on director/CEO membership on other public company boards

   
    Director Access    

Significant interaction with senior business leaders through regular business reviews and site visits

Directors have ability to hire outside experts and consultants and to conduct independent investigations



 
       
    Clawback and Anti-Hedging Policies      

Clawback policy permits us to recoup certain compensation payments in the event any of our financial statements are required to be materially restated resulting from the fraudulent actions of any officer

Directors and officers prohibited from engaging in any pledging, short sales or hedging investments involving our common stock

   
    Director/Officer Share Ownership Guidelines    

CEO required to hold shares equivalent to 5x base salary

Members of the Cummins Leadership Team (including all of the Named Executive Officers other than the CEO) required to hold shares equivalent to 3x base salary

All other officers required to hold shares equivalent to 1x base salary

Directors required to hold shares equivalent to 3x his or her total annual retainer





 
       

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Independence

        Nine out of our ten directors qualify as independent directors within the meaning of the rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, and the corporate governance standards for companies listed on the NYSE. Pursuant to the requirements of the NYSE, our Board has adopted independence standards that meet or exceed the independence standards of the NYSE, including categorical standards to assist the Governance and Nominating Committee and our Board in evaluating the independence of each director. The categorical standards are included in our corporate governance principles, which are available on our website at www.cummins.com. A copy also may be obtained upon written request.

        Following a discussion and applying the standards referenced above, the Governance and Nominating Committee of our Board determined that all directors standing for election, except N. Thomas Linebarger, our Chief Executive Officer, qualified as independent. Based on the recommendation of the Committee, our full Board approved this conclusion.

Leadership Structure and Risk Oversight

        Our corporate governance principles describe in detail how our Board must conduct its oversight responsibilities in representing and protecting our company's stakeholders. As stated in the principles, our Board has the freedom to decide whom our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer should be based solely on what it believes is in the best interests of our company and its shareholders. Currently, our Board believes it is in the best interests of our company for the roles of our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer to be combined and to appoint a Lead Director from among our independent directors. Our Board believes that this leadership structure currently assists our Board in creating a unified vision for our company, streamlines accountability for our performance and facilitates our Board's efficient and effective functioning.

        Our Board evaluates its policy on whether the roles of our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer should be combined on an annual basis. In doing so, our Board considers the skills, experiences and qualifications of our then-serving directors (including any newly elected directors), the evolving needs of our company, how well our leadership structure is functioning, and the views of our shareholders.

        Based on its review of our leadership structure in 2016, our Board continues to believe that Mr. Linebarger, our Chief Executive Officer, is the person best qualified to serve as our Chairman given his history in executive positions with our company and his skills and experience in the industries in which we operate. Alexis M. Herman is our Lead Director. Ms. Herman was selected for this position because of her service on our Board since 2001, her experience as the U.S. Secretary of Labor and her other experiences in leadership positions in the private and public sectors. Ms. Herman is actively involved in setting and approving the Board's agendas and focus. She works to create a collaborative atmosphere that leverages the strengths of our diverse Board and encourages directors to actively question management when necessary and seeks to ensure that our Board is receiving the information necessary to complete its duties. Ms. Herman meets with other directors and members of senior management outside of the regularly scheduled Board meetings to seek to ensure that our Board is functioning effectively and identifying areas of potential improvement.

        Our Lead Director's responsibilities include:

    Serving as Chairman of the Governance and Nominating Committee;

    Conferring with the Chairman on, and approving, Board meeting agendas and meeting schedules to assure there is sufficient time for discussion of all agenda items;

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    Calling and presiding over all meetings of the Board at which the Chairman is not present, including executive sessions of independent directors and communicating feedback on executive sessions to the Chairman;

    Leading the annual performance reviews of the Chief Executive Officer and the Board;

    Ensuring that there is open communication between our independent directors and the Chairman and other management members;

    Being available, when deemed appropriate by the Board, for consultation and direct communication with shareholders;

    Reviewing, at his or her discretion, information to be sent to the Board; and

    Conferring with the Chairman on other issues of corporate importance, as appropriate.

        Our Board and its committees are involved on an ongoing basis in the oversight of our material enterprise-related risks. Our senior management, led by our Chief Executive Officer in conjunction with other appropriate officers and our enterprise risk management team, undertakes a process that identifies, categorizes and analyzes the relative severity and likelihood of the various different types of risks to which we are or may be subject. Depending upon the type of the material identified risks, our Board, Audit Committee, Finance Committee, Compensation Committee, Governance and Nominating Committee and/or Safety, Environment and Technology Committee then receive periodic reports and information directly from our senior management members who have functional responsibility for the management of such risks. These reports identify and assess the different types of enterprise-related risks and address mitigation strategies and plans implemented or proposed for each key risk. Based on the further input of our senior management as necessary or appropriate, our Board and/or its respective appropriate committee then reviews such information, proposed mitigation strategies and plans, and monitors our progress on mitigating such risks. Our Board's and its committees' roles in the oversight process of our identified material risks have not impacted our Board's leadership structure.

Board of Directors and Committees

        Our Board held six meetings during 2016. All of the directors attended 75% or more of the aggregate number of meetings of our Board and the committees on which they served that were held during the periods in which they served. The non-employee members of our Board also met in executive session without management present as part of each regular meeting. Alexis M. Herman, our Lead Director, presided over these sessions.

        Under our corporate governance principles, our Board has established six standing committees. Certain of the principal functions performed by these committees and the members of our Board currently serving on these committees are as follows:

        Audit Committee.    The current members of our Audit Committee are R. K. Herdman (Chairman), A. M. Herman, T. J. Lynch and G. R. Nelson. All members are independent directors as defined under our independence criteria, SEC rules and NYSE listing standards, including those specifically applicable to audit committee members. The Audit Committee met nine times during 2016. Our Board has determined that Mr. Herdman and Mr. Lynch are "audit committee financial experts" for purposes of the SEC's rules. The Audit Committee reviews our accounting principles and procedures. The Audit Committee also reviews the scope, timing and fees for our annual external audit, the planning and resources for internal audit activities, and the results of audit examinations performed by our internal auditors and independent public accountants, including any recommendations to further improve our system of accounting and internal controls. It also monitors the independence and performance of our external and internal auditors.

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        Compensation Committee.    The current members of our Compensation Committee are G. R. Nelson (Chairman), R. K. Herdman, A. M. Herman and T. J. Lynch. All members are independent directors as defined under our independence criteria, SEC rules and NYSE listing standards, including those specifically applicable to compensation committee members. The Compensation Committee met six times during 2016. The Compensation Committee administers and determines eligibility for, and makes awards under, our incentive plans. The Committee also reviews and evaluates our executive compensation standards and practices, including salaries, bonus distributions, deferred compensation practices and participation in stock purchase plans. It annually establishes and approves the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer following a review of his performance, including input from all of the other independent directors.

        For 2016, the Compensation Committee engaged Farient Advisors LLC, or Farient, as its independent compensation consultant to provide input and advice to the Committee. Farient was engaged to provide analysis and recommendations on compensation strategy issues; assess our peer group used for comparing performance and pay; benchmark our total compensation levels and mix (by pay component), plan design and policies; test the alignment between performance and pay; benchmark our equity levels; monitor the impact and success of any program changes; provide regular updates on changes impacting compensation and guidance on how to respond; assess any management proposals on the foregoing issues; review our compensation-related disclosures; assist with our annual compensation risk assessment; annually assess and provide advice regarding the views of proxy advisory services and major institutional shareholders on our executive compensation practices; provide analysis and advice relating to say on pay votes; and assist in setting the compensation of our Board.

        Farient provided advice and guidance to the Committee on several matters in 2016, including:

    Compensation for our Chief Executive Officer; and

    Compensation for our Named Executive Officers and other officers.

        Other than the services described above, Farient does not provide any other services to our company. Farient's role in establishing the compensation of our Named Executive Officers, to the extent material, is addressed under "Executive Compensation—Compensation Discussion and Analysis."

        Our Compensation Committee maintains a formal process to ensure the independence of any executive compensation advisor engaged by the Committee, including consideration of all factors relevant to the advisor's independence from management. The factors considered by the Committee include:

    The provision of other services to us by the firm that employs the compensation advisor;

    The amount of fees received from us by the firm that employs the compensation advisor as a percentage of the total revenue of the firm;

    The policies and procedures of the firm that employs the compensation advisor that are designed to prevent conflicts of interest;

    Any business or personal relationship of the compensation advisor with any member of our Compensation Committee;

    Any business or personal relationship of the compensation advisor or the firm employing the advisor with any of our executive officers; and

    Any stock in our company owned by the compensation advisor or the advisor's immediate family members.

        The Compensation Committee assessed the independence of Farient in light of the foregoing factors and concluded that Farient is an independent compensation advisor and that its work for the Committee did not raise any conflict of interest.

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        The Committee also:

    Has final authority to hire or terminate any consultant;

    May seek additional opinions from other consultants at any time;

    Reviews and approves annually the consultant's scope of work, both for duties provided to the Committee and for duties provided to management;

    Approves annually the consultant's fee structure for services rendered, and the Chairman of the Committee reviews and approves actual fees incurred quarterly;

    Reviews annually structural safeguards to assure the independence of the consultant;

    Conducts an annual formal review of the consultant's performance; and

    Is responsible for determining whether, and under what circumstances, the consultant participates in Committee meetings and executive sessions.

        Governance and Nominating Committee.    The current members of our Governance and Nominating Committee are A. M. Herman (Chairman), R. J. Bernhard, F. R. Chang Diaz, B. V. Di Leo, S. B. Dobbs, R. K. Herdman, T. J. Lynch, W. I. Miller and G. R. Nelson. All members are independent directors as defined under our independence criteria, SEC rules and NYSE listing standards. The Governance and Nominating Committee met five times during 2016. The Governance and Nominating Committee reviews and makes recommendations to our Board with respect to its membership, size, composition, procedures and organization. The Committee uses its network of contacts to identify potential director candidates, and it engaged a professional search firm to identify potential director candidates based on criteria selected by the Committee, interview identified candidates and conduct background checks. This Committee will also consider properly submitted shareholder recommendations of nominees for election to our Board. Shareholder recommendations, including biographical information as to the proposed candidate and a statement from the shareholder as to the qualifications and willingness of such person to serve on our Board, must be submitted in writing to our Secretary.

        Director Selection and Board Refreshment.    It is a top priority of our Board and our Governance and Nominating Committee that our directors have the skills, background and values to effectively represent the long term interest of our shareholders. Throughout the year, our Board reviews a matrix of the qualifications, skills and experience that we believe our Board needs to have and discusses whether there are any gaps that need to be filled that will improve our Board's performance. We assess potential new director candidates in light of the matrix and whether they possess qualifications, skills and experience needed by our Board. When we identify potential new director candidates, we review extensive background information compiled by our professional search firm, evaluate their references, consider their prior board experience and conduct in-person interviews.

        We also believe that new perspectives and ideas are essential for an innovative and strategic board. The average tenure of our directors is approximately nine years. Since 2008, we have added seven new directors to our Board, including the two new directors we added in 2015, Mr. Di Leo and Mr. Lynch, to address our commitment to have a sitting chief executive officer of a publicly traded company on our Board (Mr. Lynch) and more international experience (Mr. Di Leo and Mr. Lynch). In addition, the Committee routinely reviews the Board's committee assignments with a goal of rotating membership on committees every three to five years. Based on this review, the Board will be rotating the committee assignments of several directors at the May 2017 meeting. Our Board will continue to review and refresh the skills, qualifications and experiences that our Board needs to have to serve the long term interests of our shareholders.

        As required by our corporate governance principles, our Governance and Nominating Committee must recommend director nominees such that our Board is comprised of a substantial majority of

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independent directors and possesses a variety of experience and background, including those who have substantial experience in the business community, those who have substantial experience outside the business community (such as public, academic or scientific experience), and those who will represent our stakeholders as a whole rather than special interest groups or individual constituencies.

        Each candidate should have sufficient time available to devote to our affairs and be free of any conflict of interest that would violate any applicable law or regulation or interfere with the proper performance of his or her responsibilities including being able to represent the best long-term interests of all of our shareholders. Each candidate also should possess substantial and significant experience that would be of particular importance to us in the performance of his or her duties as a director. The Committee does not intend to alter the manner in which it evaluates candidates, including the foregoing criteria, based on whether or not the candidate was recommended by a shareholder.

        Importance of Diversity.    One of our core values is diversity. In evaluating candidates for our Board, our Governance and Nominating Committee considers only potential directors who demonstrate the attributes of diversity as well as our other core values of integrity, corporate responsibility, global involvement, innovation and delivering superior results. As reflected in our corporate governance principles, we are committed to equal employment opportunity in assembling our Board. We believe that directors with different backgrounds and experiences makes our boardroom and our company stronger. As our Committee considers possible directors, it seeks out candidates who represent the diverse perspectives of all people. We believe our Board has been effective in assembling a highly qualified, diverse group of directors. We currently have two female directors, one African-American director and two directors from Latin America. We will continue to identify opportunities to enhance our Board diversity as we consider future candidates.

        Shareholder Nominations.    Any shareholder entitled to vote for the election of directors at a meeting may nominate a person or persons for election as directors only if written notice of such shareholder's intent to make such nominations is given, either by personal delivery or by mail, postage prepaid, to the Secretary of our company not later than 160 days in advance of the originally scheduled date of such meeting (provided, however, that if the originally scheduled date of such meeting is earlier than the anniversary of the date of the previous year's annual meeting, such written notice may be so given and received not later than the close of business on the 10th day following the date of the first public disclosure, which may include any public filing by us with the SEC, of the originally scheduled date of such meeting).

        Each notice required by our by-laws must be signed manually or by facsimile by the shareholder of record and must set forth the information required by our by-laws, including (i) the name and address, as they appear on our books, of the shareholder who intends to make the nomination and of any beneficial owner or owners on whose behalf the nomination is made; (ii) a representation that the shareholder is a holder of record of shares of our Common Stock entitled to vote at such meeting and intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to nominate the person or persons specified in the notice; (iii) certain other information regarding the shareholder and its interests in our company; (iv) the name, age, business address and residential address of each nominee proposed in such notice; (v) the principal occupation or employment of each such nominee; (vi) the number of shares of our capital stock that are owned of record or beneficially by each such nominee; (vii) with respect to each nominee for election or reelection to our Board, a completed and signed questionnaire, representation and agreement described in our by-laws; (viii) such other information regarding each nominee proposed by such shareholder as would have been required to be included in a proxy statement filed pursuant to the proxy rules of the SEC had each nominee been nominated, or intended to be nominated, by our Board; (ix) a description of all direct and indirect compensation and other material monetary agreements, arrangements and understandings during the past three years, and any other material relationships, including all arrangements or understandings pursuant to which the nominations are being made, between or among such shareholder and beneficial owner, if any, and their respective affiliates and associates, or others acting in concert therewith, on the

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one hand, and each proposed nominee, and his or her respective affiliates and associates, or any other person or persons (naming such person or persons), on the other hand; and (x) the written consent of each nominee to serve as a director if so elected.

        The deadline for written notice of a shareholder's intent to make a nomination with respect to the Annual Meeting was the close of business on November 30, 2016, which was 160 days in advance of the Annual Meeting (which is typically held on the second Tuesday of each May). We received no such qualifying nominations before this deadline with respect to the Annual Meeting.

        Executive Committee.    The members of our Executive Committee are N. T. Linebarger (Chairman), W. I. Miller and A.M. Herman. Our Executive Committee is authorized to exercise the powers of our Board in the management and direction of our business and affairs during the intervals between meetings of our Board. It also acts upon matters specifically delegated to it by the full Board of Directors. Our Executive Committee did not meet during 2016.

        Finance Committee.    The members of our Finance Committee are W. I. Miller (Chairman), R. J. Bernhard, F. R. Chang Diaz, B. V. Di Leo and S. B. Dobbs. Our Finance Committee is authorized to review and advise our management and our Board on our financial strategy pertaining to capital structure, creditworthiness, dividend policy, share repurchase policy, and financing requirements. Our Finance Committee met three times during 2016.

        Safety, Environment and Technology Committee.    The members of our Safety, Environment and Technology Committee are R. J. Bernhard (Chairman), F. R. Chang Diaz, B. V. Di Leo, S. B. Dobbs and W. I. Miller. This Committee is authorized to assist the Board of Directors in its oversight of safety policies, review environmental and technological strategies, compliance programs and major projects and review public policy developments, strategies and positions taken by us with respect to safety, environmental and technological matters that significantly impact us or our products. It met four times in 2016.

        Communication with the Board of Directors.    Shareholders and other interested parties may communicate with our Board, including our Lead Director and other non-management directors, by sending written communication to the directors c/o our Secretary, 301 East Market Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46204. All such communications will be reviewed by the Secretary or his designee to determine which communications are appropriate to be forwarded to the directors. All communications will be forwarded except those that are related to our products and services, are solicitations or otherwise relate to improper or irrelevant topics as determined in the sole discretion of the Secretary or his designee.

        Our Secretary maintains and provides copies of all such communications received and determined appropriate to be forwarded to the Governance and Nominating Committee in advance of each of its meetings and reports to the Committee on the number and nature of communications that were not determined appropriate to be forwarded.

        We require all of our director nominees standing for election at an annual meeting of shareholders to attend such meeting. All director nominees standing for election at our 2016 Annual Meeting of Shareholders were present in person. We currently expect all director nominees standing for election at the Annual Meeting to be present in person.

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ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
(Items 1 Through 10 on the Proxy Card)

General

        All ten of our directors are nominated for reelection at the Annual Meeting to hold office until our 2018 annual meeting of shareholders and until their successors are elected and qualified. Any submitted proxy will be voted in favor of the nominees named below to serve as directors unless the shareholder indicates to the contrary on his or her proxy. All nominees have been previously elected to our Board by our shareholders and have served continuously since the date indicated below.

Majority Vote Required for Director Elections

        To be elected, each director nominee must receive a majority of the votes cast by shareholders at the Annual Meeting. Receipt by a nominee of the majority of votes cast means that the number of shares voted "for" exceeds the number of votes "against" that nominee. Abstentions and broker non-votes are not counted as a vote either "for" or "against" a nominee.

        On October 11, 2016, our Board approved an amendment to our by-laws to further clarify that the term of any incumbent director who receives more "against" votes than "for" votes in an uncontested election will automatically terminate at the shareholder meeting at which the votes were cast. Previously, the by-laws provided that the term of an incumbent director who did not receive a majority "for" vote in an uncontested election would automatically terminate on the earlier of 90 days after the shareholder meeting or the date on which our Board selected a replacement director. Accordingly, under the amended by-laws, the term of any director nominee who receives less than a majority of the votes cast by shareholders at the Annual Meeting will automatically terminate at the Annual Meeting. The by-laws as amended continue to provide that, in the case of a contested election, directors will be elected by a plurality of the votes represented in person or by proxy and entitled to vote in the election.

        Our Board expects that each of the nominees will be able to serve as a director if elected at the Annual Meeting, but if any of them is unable to serve at the time the election occurs, proxies received that have been voted either for such nominee or for all nominees or which contain no voting instructions will be voted for the election of another nominee to be designated by our Board, unless our Board decides to reduce the number of our directors.

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NOMINEES FOR BOARD OF DIRECTORS

        The names of the nominees for directors, together with biographical sketches, including their business experience during the past five years, directorships of other public corporations and their qualifications to serve on our Board are set forth below. Our nominees are listed below, beginning with our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and followed by our independent directors in alphabetical order.

        OUR BOARD RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE FOR EACH OF THE NOMINEES SET FORTH BELOW.

PHOTO  


N. THOMAS LINEBARGER—Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Cummins Inc.

Director Since: 2009

Age: 54

Board Committees: Executive

Mr. Linebarger became the Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of our company on January 1, 2012. Mr. Linebarger was our President and Chief Operating Officer from 2008-2011 after serving as Executive Vice President and President, Power Generation Business from 2003 to 2008 and as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer from 2000 to 2003. From 1998 to 2000, he was our Vice President, Supply Chain Management, after holding various other positions with us. Mr. Linebarger received a B.S. from Stanford University and a B.A. from Claremont McKenna College in 1986 and M.S. and M.B.A. degrees from Stanford in 1993. He has been a director of Harley-Davidson, Inc. since 2008.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Automotive & Transportation Experience

Financial Expertise

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Sales and Marketing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Strategic leadership with decades of experience with our global business

Seeks to ensure directors are informed of significant issues impacting our company and receive necessary information

Works collaboratively with our Lead Director to set agendas for Board meetings and assess the engagement and effectiveness of our Board, its committees, and individual directors

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ROBERT J. BERNHARD—Vice President for Research and Professor in the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame

Director Since: 2008

Age: 64

Board Committees: Finance; Governance and Nominating; Safety, Environment and Technology

Mr. Bernhard joined the University of Notre Dame in 2007 and prior to that was Associate Vice President for Research at Purdue University since 2004. He also held Assistant, Associate and full Professor positions at Purdue University. He was Director of the Ray W. Herrick Laboratories at Purdue's School of Mechanical Engineering from 1994 to 2005. Mr. Bernhard is also a Professional Engineer and earned a B.S.M.E. and Ph.D., E.M. from Iowa State University in 1973 and 1982, and an M.S.M.E. from the University of Maryland in 1976. He was the Secretary General of the International Institute of Noise Control Engineering (I-INCE) from 2000 to 2015, and the Institute of Noise Control Engineering.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Academic Leader

Automotive and Transportation Experience

Manufacturing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Chair of Safety, Environment and Technology Committee

Leverages technical background to offer valuable insight

Pushes for improvement in safety and technology planning

Mentors our technical leaders

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DR. FRANKLIN R. CHANG DIAZ—Founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Ad Astra Rocket Company

Director Since: 2009

Age: 66

Board Committees: Finance; Governance and Nominating; Safety, Environment and Technology

Dr. Chang Diaz is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Ad Astra Rocket Company, a U.S. spaceflight engineering company based in Houston, Texas and dedicated to the development of advanced in-space electric propulsion technology. Ad Astra also develops space-derived Earth applications in clean renewable energy and electric transportation. Dr. Chang Diaz founded Ad Astra in 2005 following his retirement from NASA after a 25-year career during which he flew seven space missions and logged over 1,600 hours in space. In 1994, Dr. Chang Diaz founded and directed NASA's Advanced Space Propulsion Laboratory at the Johnson Space Center where he managed a multicenter research team developing new plasma rocket technology. Dr. Chang Diaz is a dual citizen of Costa Rica and the United States. As part of his involvement in Costa Rica's development, Dr. Chang Diaz currently leads the implementation of the "Strategy for the XXI Century," a plan to transform Costa Rica into a fully developed nation by the year 2050. Dr. Chang Diaz received the Liberty Medal in 1986 from President Ronald Reagan and is a four-time recipient of NASA's Distinguished Service Medal, the agency's highest honor. Dr. Chang Diaz also serves as an Adjunct Professor of Physics at Rice University and the University of Houston.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Brings an expansive view of technology matters

Pushes our Board to think long-term in technology planning

Well-versed in international business issues

Strong engagement in the development of our Latin America business

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BRUNO V. DI LEO ALLEN—Senior Vice President, Global Markets, International Business Machines Corporation

Director Since: 2015

Age: 60

Board Committees: Finance; Governance and Nominating; Safety, Environment and Technology

Mr. Di Leo has served as Senior Vice President, Global Markets, for International Business Machines Corporation, or IBM, a globally integrated technology and consulting company, since 2012. In this position, he is accountable for revenue, profit, and client satisfaction in Japan, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Greater China and the Middle East and Africa. He also oversees IBM's Enterprise and Commercial client segments globally. From 2008 to 2011, he was General Manager for IBM's Growth Markets Unit based in Shanghai. Mr. Di Leo has more than 40 years of business leadership experience in multinational environments, having lived and held executive positions on four continents.

Mr. Di Leo is a member of the international advisory board of Instituto de Estudios Superiores de la Empresa (IESE Business School) as well as a member of the Deming Center Advisory Board of Columbia Business School. He holds a business administration degree from Ricardo Palma University and a postgraduate degree from Escuela Superior de Administracion de Negocios, both in his native Peru. He is fluent in Spanish, Portuguese, English and Italian.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

International Experience

IT Experience

Sales and Marketing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Brings perspective on international business issues having lived and held executive positions on four continents

Offers insight regarding technology and sales and marketing issues

Works to ensure customer-focused approach in addressing product and service-related issues

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STEPHEN B. DOBBS

Director Since: 2010

Age: 60

Board Committees: Finance; Governance and Nominating; Safety, Environment and Technology

Mr. Dobbs is a former executive of Fluor Corporation, a publicly traded professional services firm providing engineering, procurement, construction, fabrication and modularization, commissioning and maintenance, as well as project management services on a global basis. Mr. Dobbs served as Senior Group President over Fluor's Industrial and Infrastructure Group until his retirement in 2014. In that role, Mr. Dobbs was responsible for a wide diversity of the markets served by Fluor, including infrastructure, telecommunications, mining, operations and maintenance, transportation, life sciences, heavy manufacturing, advanced technology, microelectronics, commercial, institutional, health care, water, and alternative power. Mr. Dobbs served Fluor in numerous U.S. and international locations including Southern Africa, Europe, and China. He is an industry recognized expert in project finance in Europe and the United States, particularly public private partnerships and private finance initiatives. Since 2015, Mr. Dobbs has been a member of the Board of Directors of Lend Lease Corporation Limited, an international property and infrastructure group that is publicly traded in Australia.

Mr. Dobbs earned his doctorate in engineering from Texas A&M University and holds two undergraduate degrees in nuclear engineering, also from Texas A&M. Until his retirement from Fluor, he served on the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Geopolitical Risk as well as the Governor's Business Council for the State of Texas. He also served as a director of the U.S. China Business Council.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Automotive and Transportation Experience

Financial Expertise

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Possesses emerging market/international experience from his Fluor career

Adds perspective gained from leading business operations in U.S, Southern Africa, Europe and China

Leverages technical background to provide insight regarding technology matters

Experience in project finance

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ROBERT K. HERDMAN—Managing Director of Kalorama Partners LLC

Director Since: 2008

Age: 68

Board Committees: Audit; Compensation; Governance and Nominating

Mr. Herdman has been Managing Director of Kalorama Partners LLC, a Washington, D.C. consulting firm specializing in providing advice regarding corporate governance, risk assessment, crisis management and related matters since 2004. He was the Chief Accountant of the SEC from October 2001 to November 2002 prior to joining Kalorama. Prior to joining the SEC, he was Ernst & Young's Vice Chairman of Professional Practice for its Assurance and Advisory Business Services (AABS) practice in the Americas and the Global Director of AABS Professional Practice for Ernst & Young International. He was the senior Ernst & Young partner responsible for the firm's relationships with the SEC, FASB and AICPA. Since 2011, he has been a member of the Board of Directors and has chaired the Audit Committee of WPX Energy, Inc. In April 2015, he retired from the Board of Directors of HSBC Finance Corporation and HSBC USA Inc. Mr. Herdman had served on the Audit Committees of both companies through April 2013. Mr. Herdman also retired from the Board of Directors of HSBC North America Holdings, Inc. in April 2015 and was past Chairman of both its Audit and Risk Committees.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Financial Expertise

Government/Regulatory Affairs Background

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Chair of Audit Committee

Provides insight concerning financial and risk management matters

Mentors finance leaders and helps our finance function enhance skills and talent

Actively engaged in our Enterprise Risk Management program

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ALEXIS M. HERMAN—Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of New Ventures, LLC

Director Since: 2001

Age: 69

Board Committees: Audit; Compensation; Executive; Governance and Nominating

Ms. Herman serves as Chair and Chief Executive Officer of New Ventures LLC, a corporate consulting company, and has held these positions since 2001. She serves as Chair of Toyota Motor Corporation's North American Diversity Advisory Board and is a member of Toyota's Global Advisory Board. From 1997 to 2001, she served as U.S. Secretary of Labor. She has also served as a director of The Coca Cola Company since 2007, Entergy Corporation since 2003, and MGM Resorts International since 2002. In addition, Ms. Herman is Co-Chair for the Bush Clinton Presidential Leadership Scholars Program and the Senior Vice Chair of the National Urban League. In 2014, Ms. Herman was named to the 2014 National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) Directorship 100 in recognition of exemplary leadership in the boardroom and promoting the highest standards of corporate governance.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Diversity Initiatives Experience

International Experience

Government/Regulatory Affairs Background

Manufacturing Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Lead Director and Chair of the Governance and Nominating Committee

Brings knowledge of the U.S. government and regulatory process

Offers strategic worldview due to her work with global corporations

Works with management on diversity and talent development initiatives

Creates a culture that fosters open discussion and full board participation

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THOMAS J. LYNCH—Chairman of TE Connectivity Ltd.

Director Since: 2015

Age: 62

Board Committees: Audit; Compensation; Governance and Nominating

Mr. Lynch is the Executive Chairman of TE Connectivity Ltd. (formerly Tyco Electronics Ltd.), a global provider of connectivity and sensor solutions, harsh environment applications, and undersea telecommunication systems. Mr. Lynch served as the Chief Executive Officer of TE Connectivity Ltd. from January 2006 to March 2017, and has served as a member of its board of directors since 2007 and as Chairman of the Board since January 2013. From September 2004 to January 2006, Mr. Lynch was at Tyco International as the President of Tyco Engineered Products & Services, a global manufacturer of industrial valves and controls. Mr. Lynch joined Tyco from Motorola, where he served as Executive Vice President of Motorola, and President and Chief Executive Officer of Motorola's Personal Communications sector, a leading supplier of cellular handsets. Mr. Lynch has served as a director of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. since 2009. Mr. Lynch serves on the President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, and on the Boards of The Franklin Institute and the U.S. China Business Council (USCBC).

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

CEO of Public Company from 2006 to 2017

Financial Expertise

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Brings perspective of a sitting Chairman and former CEO of a publicly traded global company

Leverages business and financial background in rendering advice and insight

Identifies and raises strategic considerations for Board consideration

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WILLIAM I. MILLER—President of The Wallace Foundation

Director Since: 1989

Age: 60

Board Committees: Executive; Finance; Governance and Nominating; Safety, Environment and Technology

Mr. Miller has served as President of the Wallace Foundation, a knowledge-focused national philanthropy with a mission of improving learning and enrichment for disadvantaged children and the vitality of the arts for everyone, since 2011. Mr. Miller was the Chairman of Irwin Management Company, a Columbus, Indiana private investment firm, from 1990 to 2011. Mr. Miller has also served as Chairman of the Board of Tipton Lakes Company, a real estate development firm, since 1985. Mr. Miller has been a director or trustee of the New Perspective Fund, Inc. and the New World Fund, Inc. since 1992 and of the EuroPacific Growth Fund, Inc. since 1999. All three of the funds are in the same mutual fund family.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Deep Historical Knowledge of the Company

Financial Expertise

Manufacturing Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Chair of Finance Committee

Professional experience in the banking and investment industries

Extensive knowledge of our company, its values and its global operations

Advises and oversees our cash management strategy and management of the balance sheet

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GEORGIA R. NELSON—President and Chief Executive Officer of PTI Resources, LLC

Director Since: 2004

Age: 67

Board Committees: Audit; Compensation; Governance and Nominating

Ms. Nelson became President and CEO of PTI Resources, LLC, an independent consulting firm, in 2005. Prior to this role, Ms. Nelson retired in 2005 from Edison International, where she had been President of Midwest Generation EME, LLC since 1999 and General Manager of Edison Mission Energy Americas since 2002. Her business responsibilities have included management of regulated and unregulated power operations and a large energy trading subsidiary as well as the construction and operation of power generation projects worldwide. She has had extensive experience in business negotiations, environmental policy matters and human resources. She has served as a director of Ball Corporation since 2006, TransAlta Corporation since 2014 and Sims Metal Management Limited since 2014. Since 2010, she has been a director of CH2M Hill Companies Ltd., a privately-held company. She serves on the advisory committee of the Center for Executive Women at Northwestern University. In November 2012, Ms. Nelson was named to the 2012 National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) Directorship 100 in recognition of exemplary leadership in the boardroom and promoting the highest standards of corporate governance. Ms. Nelson is an NACD Board Fellow.

Summary of Qualifications and Experience:

Automotive and Transportation Experience

Diversity Initiatives Experience

International Experience

Manufacturing Background

Technology Background

Key Contributions to the Board:

Chair of Compensation Committee

Provides perspective based on background in power generation and business

Utilizes expertise in compensation and governance matters to oversee best practices in executive compensation

Possesses human resources and environmental experience

Works outside of regular meetings to support the development of women in leadership roles

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COMPENSATION RISK ASSESSMENT

        In December 2016, our Compensation Committee conducted its annual risk assessment of our compensation policies and practices covering all employees. After a thorough review and assessment of potential risks, our Compensation Committee evaluated the levels of risk-taking that potentially could be encouraged by our compensation arrangements, taking into account the arrangements' risk-mitigation features, to determine whether they are appropriate in the context of our strategic plan and annual budget, our overall compensation arrangements, our compensation objectives and our company's overall risk profile. Risk-mitigation features identified by our Compensation Committee included the following:

    Pay Mix—The three primary elements of our executive compensation program are base salary, annual bonus and long-term incentive compensation. We target the median of the market, as we define it, for our total compensation package while also placing a sufficient portion of each officer's pay at risk. This approach effectively mitigates the need for executives to take significant risks to earn average compensation but also ensures that the interests of our executives are well-aligned with those of our shareholders, driving long-term shareholder value.

    Performance-based Measurement—The performance goals set forth in our annual bonus and long term incentive plans are based upon budgeted levels that are reviewed and approved by our Compensation Committee and that we believe are attainable at their targeted levels without the need to (i) take inappropriate risks; (ii) take actions that would violate our Code of Business Conduct; or (iii) make material changes to our long-term business strategy or our methods of management or operation. We set our incentive goals to require stretch performance which we believe is achievable. The performance goals under our annual bonus and long term incentive plans are set with the maximum performance goals at 120% of the respective targets. This reduces the risk of actions being taken that would increase short-term profit at the expense of long-term value creation. Similarly, payouts under our annual bonus and long term incentive plans are capped at 200% of target, helping to control further the level of risk taken in the short-term at the expense of the long-term.

    Time Horizon—Our long term incentive plan awards are based on a three-year performance period, which encourages our employees to focus on sustained growth of our company over the long term, rather than taking short-term risks. Our 10-year option term also encourages our employees to focus on longer-term stock price appreciation.

    Clawback Policy—Amounts paid to any officer under our annual bonus and long-term incentive compensation plans are subject to "clawback" recovery in the event of a material restatement of our financial statements resulting from the fraudulent actions of any officer.

    Other Risk Mitigators—We pay incentive compensation only after our audited financial results are complete and the Compensation Committee has certified our performance results for the annual bonus plan and performance share payouts as well as the associated incentive awards. Additionally, we have stock ownership requirements for all of our officers that align the interests of our officers with the interests of our shareholders. Subject to limited exceptions, officers may not sell any shares until their individual stock ownership requirements have been satisfied. We also have policies prohibiting officers from engaging in forms of hedging or monetization transactions involving the establishment of a short position in our securities, such as zero-cost collars and forward sale contracts, and from entering into any arrangement that, directly or indirectly, involves the pledge of our securities or other use of our securities as collateral for a loan.

    Exclusion of Unusual Items—In measuring our financial performance under our annual bonus plan, our Compensation Committee has discretion to exclude certain unusual items from operating performance measures that result from decisions made at the corporate level, such as acquisitions, divestitures, or joint venture formations in the initial year if we did not anticipate them at the time targets were established, pension plan contributions above required levels, and certain other

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      unanticipated matters. We believe that allowing these exclusions lessens the risk that our executives would otherwise be encouraged to take actions or inactions with respect to such items based on the effect the actions might have on incentive compensation, rather than based on the actions' merits and impact on achieving our long-term goals and objectives.

        As a result of its review, our Compensation Committee concluded that we have a balanced pay and performance executive compensation program that does not drive excessive financial risk-taking. We believe that risks arising from our compensation policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our company.


EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

        Our Compensation Discussion and Analysis, or CD&A, provides detailed information about our executive compensation programs as well as the principles and processes utilized by the Compensation Committee in making executive compensation decisions. This CD&A focuses on the compensation of the following five executive officers, whom we refer to as our "Named Executive Officers" for 2016:

Named Executive Officer


Title

N. Thomas Linebarger

  Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer

Patrick J. Ward

  Vice President—Chief Financial Officer

Richard J. Freeland

  President and Chief Operating Officer

Livingston L. Satterthwaite

  Vice President—President, Distribution Business

Marya M. Rose

  Vice President—Chief Administrative Officer

Executive Summary

        Our long-term success depends on our ability to attract, motivate, focus and retain highly talented individuals who are committed to our vision and strategy. A key objective of our executive compensation program is to link our executives' pay to their performance and their advancement of our overall annual and long-term performance and business strategies. Other objectives include encouraging high-performing executives to remain with us over the course of their careers.

        We believe that the amount of compensation for each Named Executive Officer reflects extensive management experience, continued high performance and exceptional service to Cummins. We also believe that our compensation strategies have been effective in attracting executive talent and promoting performance and retention.

Principles of our Executive Compensation Program

        The primary focus of our executive compensation program is the principle of pay for performance, as we define it, both in program design and in specific awards. We believe that the level of compensation received by executives should be closely tied to our corporate financial and stock price performance.

        Our executive compensation program also is designed to attract, motivate, focus and retain employees with the skills required to achieve our performance goals in a competitive global business environment. Therefore, our program is designed to reflect each individual's contribution to our corporate performance, while striking an appropriate balance between short-term and long-term corporate results.

        In addition to our focus on pay for performance, we also consider the following principles when designing and implementing our executive compensation program:

    Market Positioning:  On average our executives' target total direct compensation opportunity, consisting of base salary, target annual bonus and target long-term incentive value, should be at the median of the market, as we define it, and as described in the "Market Alignment of our Executive Compensation Program Elements" section;

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    Short-Term/Long-Term Balance:  There should be a balance between annual and long-term elements of compensation;

    Pay at Risk:  The more senior an executive's position, the more his or her compensation should be "at risk," which means that it is dependent on our corporate financial and stock price performance;

    Alignment with Shareholder Interests:  Equity-based compensation and stock ownership should be an important part of our executive compensation program in order to link our management's compensation with our shareholders' returns. The greater the level of responsibility of the officer, the more his or her compensation should be stock-based and the higher his or her stock ownership requirement should be;

    Retention:  Our compensation program should support retention of our experienced executives and achievement of our leadership succession plans; and

    Simple and Transparent:  Our executive compensation program should be transparent to our investors and employees and should be simple and easy to understand.

Link between Financial Performance and Executive Compensation

        We have a long-standing commitment to pay for performance that we implement by providing a majority of compensation through arrangements designed to hold our executive officers accountable for business results and reward them for consistently strong corporate performance and the creation of value for our shareholders. The Compensation Committee has carefully structured the key elements of our executive compensation program to support this objective. Specifically:

    The performance metrics that we use in our compensation program encourage management to generate growth in income and cash flow through profitable investment, which supports both dividend payments to shareholders as well as future investments in growth and innovation;

    Our annual bonus program rewards operational performance through our Return on Average Net Assets (ROANA) metric;

    Our performance cash and performance share programs reward Return on Equity (ROE) performance over three years;

    Rewarding our executives based on our achievement of ROANA and ROE targets encourages management to invest in profitable future growth opportunities when allocating shareholder capital; and

    Our use of stock options further encourages management to generate long-term superior returns for our shareholders.

        Our Compensation Committee annually requests that Farient Advisors LLC, or Farient, evaluate the relationship between our executive compensation and our financial and shareholder return performance. As in prior years, Farient conducted quantitative analyses to test the alignment of our Chief Executive Officer's pay and corporate performance by simulating the pay for performance tests relied upon by proxy voting advisory firms and by using its own pay for performance alignment model which tests 3-year average performance-adjusted compensation relative to 3-year average Total Shareholder Return, or TSR. Our Compensation Committee considers these analyses in evaluating whether our Chief Executive Officer's compensation has corresponded with the performance delivered.

        In addition, as a further test, the following graphs show the relationship between our corporate financial and TSR performance and our executive compensation levels over the past five years as measured by our: (i) average TSR (three-year rolling average, on a dividend reinvested basis); (ii) ROANA;

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(iii) ROE; and (iv) average annual total compensation for our Named Executive Officers, or Avg TC, as reported in our Summary Compensation Table:

NEO Pay Relative to Performance

GRAPHIC

GRAPHIC


Note: The "Avg TC" values in these graphs reflect the averages of the total compensation values for our Named Executive Officers as reported in the Summary Compensation Tables of our proxy statements for the respective years shown in the graphs.

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        To illustrate how our executive compensation program achieves our pay at risk principle, set forth below are the percentages for each of the three elements that make up the target total direct compensation opportunity provided in 2016 to our Chief Executive Officer and our other Named Executive Officers as a group.

Target Total Direct Compensation Mix—Fiscal Year 2016

        (Consists of base salary, annual bonus award target and 2016 long-term incentive grant value)

GRAPHIC

        The targets for performance-linked components for 2016 were 86% and 77% for the CEO and Named Executive Officers, respectively.

How We Performed in 2016 and How Our Executive Compensation Aligned with Our Performance

        In 2016, we continued to face challenging economic conditions, resulting in a decrease in year over year revenue and earnings. Despite these decreases, we returned value to our shareholders through increased dividends and share repurchases. We believe that our financial performance is closely correlated with the compensation of our Named Executive Officers. The average compensation increase for our NEOs reflected in the NEO Pay Relative to Performance graphs is primarily due to stock price appreciation in 2016, resulting in higher valuation of the equity issued in our compensation programs.

        2016 Business Highlights.    Our revenues decreased by 8 percent in 2016 compared to 2015, as a result of declines in North American commercial truck production and the lowest levels of demand for high horsepower engines in industrial and power generation markets in more than a decade. International sales declined 2 percent as strong sales growth in China and India were more than offset by weak demand in Latin America, the Middle East and Africa. Cash flow from operations generated in 2016 was strong which allowed us to reinvest in our business and return cash to shareholders. Key business highlights for 2016 include:

    Our total net sales were $17.5 billion, 8 percent lower than 2015;

    Our EBIT was $2.00 billion, down 4 percent compared to $2.09 billion in 2015;

    Net income attributable to Cummins Inc. was $ 1.39 billion, compared to $1.40 billion in 2015;

    ROANA was 23 percent and ROE was 18 percent, compared to 22 percent and 17 percent in 2015, respectively;

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    We continued our efforts to return value to our shareholders in 2016 by increasing our dividend by 5 percent and by repurchasing 7.3 million shares of our Common Stock. In total we returned $1.5 billion or 75 percent of cash from operations to shareholders; and

    The average annual TSR over the three year period ending 2016 was 1.7 percent.

Market Alignment of our Executive Compensation Program Elements

        Throughout our CD&A, each reference to the "market" and to our market positioning practices is intended to incorporate the market positioning approach outlined below.

        We review our executive compensation program on a regular basis, and generally target the median of the market in positioning each element of our compensation: base salary, target annual bonus and target long-term incentives. These elements together equate to target total direct compensation. We consider target compensation to be at the median of the market if it is within +/– 10% of the median level indicated by the benchmarking data.

        For 2016, our primary reference in aligning executives' compensation to the market was a consolidation and integration of market data from the Aon Hewitt Total Compensation Management Executive Survey and Mercer Benchmark Database Survey of companies in the manufacturing industry. Data also were referenced from our Custom Peer Group, defined below. The data we obtained from our Custom Peer Group for comparison purposes pertained to pay levels for the Chief Executive Officer position (although these data were consulted for reference only and were not blended with the survey data to determine pay positioning), pay program design, dilution, and performance. We believe this approach provides an appropriate representation of the market, as applicable to our executives, and reduces the impact of fluctuations in market data over time.

        Our Custom Peer Group is made up of the following 17 companies. The companies were selected based on industry, reputation, revenue size, investor comparisons and competition for customers and talent. Our Custom Peer Group includes both U.S. and internationally listed publicly traded major participants in the end markets we serve and includes: (i) customers with a strong presence in one or more of our major markets, (ii) competitors that compete directly or indirectly with one or more of the company's businesses, and (iii) key suppliers of related products. It also includes diversified industrial companies that compete for investor capital within the Industrial market segment. We have been consistent in how our Custom Peer Group is selected, and, as a result, the group has remained the same for the past several years.

Borg Warner Incorporated

 

Caterpillar Incorporated

Daimler AG

 

Danaher Corporation

Deere and Company

 

Donaldson Company Incorporated

Eaton Corporation

 

Emerson Electric Company

Honeywell International Incorporated

 

Illinois Tool Works

Ingersoll-Rand PLC

 

Navistar International Corporation

Paccar Incorporated

 

Parker-Hannifin Corporation

Textron Incorporated

 

Volvo AB

W. W. Grainger,  Inc.

   

Advisory Shareholder Vote on our Executive Compensation in 2016

        In May 2016, after the 2016 executive compensation actions described in this CD&A had taken place, we held our sixth advisory shareholder vote to approve the compensation of our Named Executive Officers at our annual shareholders' meeting. Consistent with the recommendation of our Board, our shareholders voted 95.6% in favor of our executive compensation. In response to this strong vote of shareholder

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approval and considering our belief that our programs support our business strategies and our objectives, we have not undertaken any material changes to our executive compensation programs for 2017.

How our Executive Compensation is Determined

        Our Compensation Committee regularly reviews all elements of our executive compensation program and makes changes it deems appropriate from time to time. Each review includes general comparisons against market data and analysis prepared by the Compensation Committee's independent executive compensation consultant, Farient, including data on market practices, analysis, and decision support in the following areas:

    Executive compensation policies and practices;

    Pay strategy and positioning on all elements of compensation;

    Annual bonus plan design, including performance measures, performance targets and plan leverage;

    Long-term incentive plan strategy and design, including the mix of elements, as well as performance measures, performance targets and plan leverage for the performance share and performance cash components;

    Stock ownership guidelines;

    Executive perquisites, including personal use of company aircraft;

    Executive benefits and protection policies, including severance practices for officers, supplemental retirement plans, deferred compensation plans and change in control compensation protection programs; and

    Assessment of the risk associated with our compensation programs.

        The Compensation Committee has the flexibility to establish performance measures and goals annually that are deemed appropriate to help achieve our business strategy and objectives. In setting the performance goals for the annual bonus, performance shares, and performance cash plan, the Compensation Committee benchmarks historical performance of the Custom Peer Group and regularly evaluates whether the goals are sufficiently demanding relative to short-term and long-term performance trends of these peers. Additionally, the Committee solicits Farient's assessment regarding the degree of difficulty associated with the incentive plan performance targets in the context of both external analyst expectations for our annual and long-term performance as well as relative peer performance expectations. Using this process, the Committee believes that the payouts associated with various levels of our performance under the incentive plans are aligned with our objective of creating long-term value for our shareholders within an appropriate external performance context.

        The Compensation Committee may also decide to include or exclude the effects of certain operating performance measures which result from decisions made at the corporate level, such as acquisitions, divestitures, or joint venture formations in the initial year, if such events were not anticipated at the time targets were initially established, pension plan contributions above required levels and certain other unanticipated matters.

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Best Practices Adopted in Determining Executive Compensation

        We continually review best practices in the area of executive compensation. Our executive compensation arrangements include features considered to be best practices, such as the following:

 
   
   
What We Do        
Performance Measurement      

We set clear financial goals that we believe are challenging but achievable, meet or exceed competitive standards, and enhance shareholder value over time.

We use different performance measures in our short- and long-term incentive compensation plans to correlate with our financial performance on both an annual and longer-term basis, as well as our returns to shareholders. In addition, we believe that our performance measures correlate to shareholder value creation over the long term.

Compensation Program Design / Pay For Performance Alignment      

Our annual bonus plan is designed to strengthen the tie between individual employee performance and corporate performance.

Our annual bonus plan uses a "One Cummins" structure in which all eligible employees participate. Our unified annual bonus plan reinforces the overall success of our company; encourages collaboration across our organization; and promotes "One Cummins" by encouraging our employees to collectively share in the success of our company.

We use multiple components under our long-term incentive compensation program (performance cash, performance shares and stock options) to address the motivational concerns associated with a singular focus on any one form of long-term incentive compensation.

To further encourage focus on the sustained growth of our company over the long term and to aid in retention, our performance shares, performance cash and stock option awards to our executive officers cliff vest after three years.

We cap payouts under our short-and long-term performance compensation plans at 200% of the target awards.

Perquisites do not comprise a major element in our executive compensation program.

Risk Mitigation      

We maintain a compensation recoupment, or "clawback," policy in our corporate governance principles providing that, if any of our financial statements are required to be materially restated resulting from the fraudulent actions of any officer, our Compensation Committee may direct that we recover all or a portion of any award or any past or future compensation other than base salary from any such officer with respect to any year for which our financial results are adversely affected by such restatement.

Governance      

We monitor our pay practices to help confirm that they do not encourage excessive risk taking.

Our Compensation Committee benefits from the use of an outside, independent compensation consultant.

Other      

We require executive officers to maintain certain stock ownership levels and prohibit them from engaging in forms of hedging or similar types of transactions with respect to our stock.

We prohibit officers from entering into any arrangement that, directly or indirectly, involves the pledge of our securities or other use of our securities as collateral for a loan.

Benefits under our change in control arrangements with our executive officers are subject to a "double trigger" rather than a "single trigger" (i.e., in addition to the change in control occurring, the executive officer's employment must be terminated by us without cause or by the executive officer with good reason in order for him or her to receive any benefits under the arrangement).

What We Don't Do

We do not permit backdating or repricing of stock options.

We do not have separate employment contracts with our executive officers.

We do not guarantee salary increases, bonuses or equity grants for our executive officers and we do not provide discretionary bonuses to our Named Executive Officers.

We will not gross-up excise taxes that may be imposed on payments to our executive officers in connection with a change in control.

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Determination of Our Chief Executive Officer's Compensation

        On an annual basis, our Chief Executive Officer discusses his priorities and objectives with respect to our company's and our management team's goals with the full Board. Our independent directors formally review our Chief Executive Officer's performance annually. This review is based on our Chief Executive Officer's performance against specific objectives, which include the progress made by our company in implementing its business strategy and achieving its business objectives, both short-term and long-term. This review, which is reported in detail to the Compensation Committee, considers both quantitative and qualitative performance matters and is a key factor used by the Compensation Committee in setting our Chief Executive Officer's compensation for the coming year. Specific business objectives and goals that were part of our Chief Executive Officer's performance review for 2016 included the financial performance of our company, progress towards achieving our company's long-term strategic objectives and the development of key leadership talent.

        After receiving the reports described above from both our Chief Executive Officer and the independent directors, the Compensation Committee meets in executive session to determine the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer. In this discussion, the Compensation Committee has access to data and advice from its compensation consultant, Farient. Members of management do not make recommendations regarding the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer. The Compensation Committee Chair then presents the Compensation Committee's decisions on the compensation for our Chief Executive Officer to the Board for its information.

Role of Our Officers in Setting Compensation for Other Officers

        Members of our senior management, including our Named Executive Officers, recommend compensation to our Chief Executive Officer for officers in the areas for which they are responsible (but not with respect to their own compensation). Taking these recommendations into consideration, our Chief Executive Officer then makes recommendations to our Compensation Committee regarding each officer. Our senior management and our Chief Executive Officer base these recommendations on assessments of individual performance and potential to assume greater responsibility, as well as market survey data for similar executive positions. Our Chief Executive Officer discusses the recommendations and performance of the officers with the Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee reviews our Chief Executive Officer's recommendations, may make modifications based on the market data and a discussion of individual and corporate performance, and then makes the final decisions regarding each officer's total targeted compensation, and its respective elements. Our officer compensation review occurs annually, at the February Compensation Committee meeting. This is the first Compensation Committee meeting after our prior year-end and provides the earliest opportunity to review and assess individual and corporate performance for the previous year. As part of its review process, the Compensation Committee has access to the advice and input of its independent compensation consultant, Farient.

Tax Considerations in Determining Officer Compensation

        Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or Code, limits the corporate tax deduction to $1 million for compensation paid annually to any one of our Named Executive Officers (other than our Chief Financial Officer), unless the compensation meets certain requirements to qualify as performance based compensation. It is generally our intention to qualify compensation payments for tax deductibility under Section 162(m). Notwithstanding our intentions, because of ambiguities and uncertainties as to the application and interpretation of Section 162(m) and the regulations issued thereunder, no assurance can be given that compensation intended to satisfy the requirements for deductibility under Section 162(m) will so qualify.

        The Compensation Committee reserves the right to provide compensation that does not qualify as performance based compensation under Section 162(m) to the extent it believes such compensation is

28


necessary to continue to provide competitive arrangements intended to attract and retain, and provide appropriate incentives to, qualified officers and other key employees.

        As explained in this CD&A, we have historically targeted the base salaries of our Named Executive Officers at the median range of base salaries in the market. The Compensation Committee intends to continue this policy notwithstanding the provisions of Section 162(m). As a result of the foregoing, the portion of our Chief Executive Officer's base salary that exceeded $1 million in 2016, as well as any other compensation paid to our Named Executive Officers (other than our Chief Financial Officer) in excess of $1 million that was not performance based within the meaning of Section 162(m), will not qualify for tax deductibility under Section 162(m).

Compensation Program Elements

        Our executive compensation program consists of three principal elements: base salary, annual bonus opportunities and long-term incentive compensation opportunities. When considered together, these elements are total direct compensation. In total, all elements of our executive compensation program are designed to fulfill our basic goals of linking pay to performance and to pay competitively. All officers participate in each element of the program, but in varying degrees.

        All elements of compensation are reviewed annually for each officer, including our Named Executive Officers. Our annual review of executive compensation includes an evaluation of each officer's compensation as it compares to the median of the market for each officer's position. Our annual review also includes consideration of internal equity and the experience, tenure, potential and performance of each officer. Our Compensation Committee bases its final decisions about officers' compensation on a subjective consideration of all of these factors. As a result, the Compensation Committee believes that the 2016 total direct compensation for each of the Named Executive Officers is placed at the appropriate level relative to the competitive market median.

Base Salary

        In our annual review of base salaries for our officers, we target base salary at the median of the market for similar executive positions. Because we also subjectively consider other factors, including experience, tenure, potential, performance and internal equity, some officers' base salaries may be set above or below the median range. The Compensation Committee believes that all of the Named Executive Officers' salaries for 2016, after adjustment as described below, are placed at the appropriate level of the external market.

2016 Adjustments to Base Salary

        In determining the base salaries for the Named Executive Officers, the Compensation Committee reviewed each executive's job responsibilities, management experience, individual contributions, number of years in his or her position, and then-current salary relative to market pay levels.

        Following a comprehensive review of Mr. Linebarger's base salary relative to the calculated median market value, the Compensation Committee determined that Mr. Linebarger's base salary should be maintained at $1,375,000.

        After considering input from Mr. Linebarger and reviewing the competitive pay positioning of each Named Executive Officer relative to his or her calculated median market value, the Compensation

29


Committee decided to maintain 2016 base salaries at the same level as that in 2015 for each Named Executive Officer:

 
2016 Base Salary Increases
         

Named Executive Officer




2015
Base Salary



$ Increase

% Increase


2016
Base Salary


N. Thomas Linebarger

  $ 1,375,000   $ 0     0 % $ 1,375,000  

Patrick J. Ward

  $ 726,000   $ 0   0 % $ 726,000  

Richard J. Freeland

  $ 848,000   $ 0     0 % $ 848,000  

Livingston L. Satterthwaite

  $ 570,000   $ 0   0 % $ 570,000  

Marya M. Rose

  $ 634,000   $ 0     0 % $ 634,000  

Annual Bonus

        We design annual bonus opportunities for our executives to link executive pay to our annual financial performance. Annual bonus payouts are equal to the executive's participation rate multiplied by the executive's base salary and then further multiplied by a payout factor based on our company's actual financial performance against our ROANA goal for that year. There is no discretionary element to computing annual bonuses.

        For example:

$726,000   Annual Base Salary
× 60%   Participation Rate
× 0.8   Payout Factor based on company performance versus the incentive goal
$348,480   Annual Bonus

        Each Named Executive Officer's participation rate is set as a percentage of his or her annual base salary. Participation rates are set to align with the median range of the market. Our Named Executive Officers' participation rates for 2016, expressed as a percentage of the actual 2016 earnings from their respective 2016 base salaries, were:

Named Executive Officer



2016 Participation Rate

N. Thomas Linebarger

    135 %

Patrick J. Ward

  85 %

Richard J. Freeland

    95 %

Livingston L. Satterthwaite

  80 %

Marya M. Rose

    80 %

        The payout factor is calculated based on a formula annually approved by the Compensation Committee. For purposes of determining the payout factor, we measure our corporate performance based on our annual ROANA. ROANA is the sole performance measure under our annual bonus program because it appropriately balances our growth, profitability and the management of our assets, all of which combine to drive our share value.

        ROANA, for compensation purposes is calculated as follows:

  ROANA   =   Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT)

Average Net Assets
   

        For ROANA, the numerator is Earnings Before Interest and Tax, or EBIT, which is defined as the company's direct earnings before interest expense, provisions for income taxes and non-controlling interests in earnings of consolidated subsidiaries. The denominator is Average Net Assets, which is derived

30


from our consolidated balance sheet and excludes debt and related financing accounts, deferred tax amounts and certain pension and post retirement liability accounts.

        Payout factors are determined using actual ROANA results compared to established performance targets. In order to establish the annual ROANA target, the Compensation Committee considered the Company's annual operating plan (AOP). Payout factors ranged from 0.1 to a maximum of 2.0, in increments of 0.1, as follows:

 
  ROANA Goal   Goal as
% of Target(1)
  Payout as
% of Target(2)
 

>Maximum

  30.89%     120 %   200 %

Target Range

  25.02 - 26.24%     100 %   100 %

Threshold

  15.44%     60 %   10 %

<Threshold

  <15.44%     <60 %   0 %

EBIT at Target Range: $2.183 billion to $2.289 billion

                 

(1)
Percentages for maximum and threshold goals are calculated based on AOP rather than the target range

(2)
Interpolate for performance between discrete points

        Setting the target with the appropriate level of difficulty underscores the importance of achieving or exceeding our AOP performance commitment. This approach requires increasingly difficult targets during economic upturns and realistic goals during cyclical downturns.

        In 2016, the ROANA target range was 25.02-26.24%, which was based on target EBIT of $2.183 billion to $2.289 billion. In setting this target, the Compensation Committee considered the AOP as well as economic and market conditions.

        Based on our actual performance during 2016, EBIT was $1.999 billion and ROANA was 22.62%. As measured against our ROANA goal of 25.74%, the payout factor was 0.7. The payout factor used to calculate the annual bonus for each Named Executive Officer for 2016 was 0.7.

        Based on the approved 2016 overall payout factor, the actual 2016 annual bonus awards for each Named Executive Officer were as follows:

Summary of Awards

 

Named Executive Officer





Annual
Base
Salary




X


Participation
Rate



X

Overall Payout Factor

=



2016
Annual Bonus
Award



N. Thomas Linebarger

  $ 1,375,000           135 %         0.7         $ 1,299,375  

Patrick J. Ward

  $ 726,000     85 %   0.7     $ 431,970  

Richard J. Freeland

  $ 848,000           95 %         0.7         $ 563,920  

Livingston L. Satterthwaite

  $ 570,000     80 %   0.7     $ 319,200  

Marya M. Rose

  $ 634,000           80 %         0.7         $ 355,040  

Long-term Incentive Compensation and Methodology

        Our long-term incentive compensation program consists of performance cash, performance shares, and stock option awards. This blended approach of granting these three long-term incentive vehicles supports our pay for performance philosophy, provides appropriate incentives for participants to achieve financial targets, and strengthens the linkage between the economic interests of our Named Executive Officers and our shareholders.

31


        We balance our long-term incentive compensation equally among these three compensation elements as follows:

    2016 Long-term Incentive Plan
                 
    Element
  Allocation
  Performance Measure
  Term
 
     Performance Cash       34% of target LTI       ROE       3-years    

  

 

Performance Shares

 


 

33% of target LTI

 


 

ROE

 


 

3-years

 


  

 

Stock Options

 

 

 

33% of target LTI

 

 

 

Stock price appreciation

 

 

 

3-year cliff vesting 10-year term

 

 

        This allocation, particularly when coupled with the ten-year term of our stock option grants, strengthens the linkage between the compensation of our Named Executive Officers and our share performance over time.

        The amount of performance cash and performance shares earned by each Named Executive Officer is based on our ROE performance, because ROE (i) is a meaningful measure of financial performance relative to our shareholders' interests over the three-year performance period; (ii) provides an incentive for profitable growth; and (iii) correlates well with shareholder value. ROE is a more meaningful measure of the impact of actions under the control of management than stock price, yet links our officers' economic interests to those of our shareholders, because historical data have indicated a strong, positive correlation over time between our ROE and our stock price.

        ROE for compensation purposes is calculated as follows:

  ROE   =   Average Net Income
(for three-year performance period)
Average Shareholders' Equity
(for three-year performance period)
   

        The ROE for each award cycle is calculated as our average net income for the three-year performance period in the award cycle divided by our average shareholders' equity for the three-year performance period in the award cycle. Our average shareholders' equity for each award cycle is calculated based on quarter ending values during the award cycle. The numerator is profit after tax, or PAT, for the applicable period. The equity calculation is adjusted for changes to equity related to unrecognized pension and other post-employment benefit amounts and equity transactions not built into the AOP such as common stock repurchases in excess of what was included in the AOP. The Compensation Committee has the discretion to adjust the payouts downward, but not upward, once it establishes the performance measures each year.

        The overall degree of difficulty for achieving the 2014-2016 ROE target, which was based on achievement of our 2016 AOP, was discussed as part of the Compensation Committee's annual incentive compensation setting process. The Compensation Committee considered the recent historical performance of our Custom Peer Group in setting this target.

32


        The tables below summarize the ROE targets and performance for the 2014-2016, 2015-2017 and 2016-2018 award cycles.

 
ROE Goal



Goal as
% of Target




Payout as
% of Target(1)


           

 
2014-2016


2015-2017


2016-2018

       

³ Maximum

    23.62 %   24.62 %   23.71 %   120 %   200 %

Target

  19.68 % 20.52 % 19.76 % 100 % 100 %

Threshold

    11.81 %   12.31 %   11.85 %   60 %   10 %

< Threshold

  <11.81 % <12.31 % <11.85 % <60 % 0 %

(1)
Interpolate for performance between discrete points
Award Cycle
(Performance Period)




ROE Target for
1.0 Payout


Actual ROE Achieved

Payout Factor
2014-2016     19.68 % 17.41%   0.7
2015-2017   20.52 % ROE calculated at the end of the 2015-2017 performance period for payout in 2018   TBD
2016-2018     19.76 % ROE calculated at the end of the 2016-2018 performance period for payout in 2019   TBD

        For all award cycles, a 2.0 payout factor for both performance cash and performance shares requires performance equal to 120% of the target performance level. This is the maximum payout achievable. The threshold payout of 10% of the target award requires performance equal to 60% of the target performance level resulting in a 0.1 payout factor.

        2016 Target Grant Values.    Each Named Executive Officer's 2016 target grant value was set to provide an "at target" total long-term incentive compensation opportunity at the median of the market.

        The Compensation Committee uses a valuation methodology that converts the targeted value of the grants into a targeted dollar amount of performance cash and a number of performance shares and stock options using a calculation of market-based economic value. A six-month average price of our stock is used in determining the number of performance shares to be granted. We believe the six-month average is most appropriate as it eliminates any unforeseen gains or losses in value associated with a temporary stock price spike or drop. The number of stock options granted is determined using the Black-Scholes model. Under our valuation model for our stock option grants, the ratio of stock options to performance shares awarded in 2016 was approximately 5.7 to 1.

        On April 4, 2016, we granted non-qualified stock options with an exercise price per share equal to the closing price of our Common Stock on the grant date. The stock options vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or upon the recipient's earlier retirement, death or disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such date or event.

        The 2016 long-term incentive plan grants for our Named Executive Officers were as follows:

Named Executive Officer

 

2016 LTI
Grant Value


N. Thomas Linebarger

  $ 6,800,000  

Patrick J. Ward

  $ 2,000,000  

Richard J. Freeland

  $ 2,500,000  

Livingston L. Satterthwaite

  $ 1,250,000  

Marya M. Rose

  $ 1,150,000  

33


Benefits

        Our officers, including our Named Executive Officers, participate in the full range of health, welfare and retirement benefits and are covered by the same plans as other exempt employees. We target our total benefit package to be at the median of the market.

        In addition to these benefits, our U.S. officers, including our Named Executive Officers, participate in a supplemental life insurance and deferred income program, which is designed to attract and retain key leadership talent in senior positions. This program provides additional life insurance equal to three times base salary while the officer is an active employee, and additional retirement payments, which are offset by and coordinated with payments from our regular retirement plans. The supplemental retirement provision "tops up" the pension available from our regular pension plans to provide a total benefit based on a percentage of the officer's highest average consecutive 60 month (five years) base salary and annual bonus received during the last 10 years of employment. The total replacement formula is 2% for each of the first 20 years and 1% for each of the next 10 years, with a maximum 50% total after 30 years of service. Under the terms of the program, Mr. Linebarger is eligible to receive an additional 10% benefit.

        Our U.S. officers, including our Named Executive Officers, are eligible to participate in our non-qualified deferred compensation plan. This program is designed to provide financial planning opportunities for capital accumulation on a tax-deferred basis and to meet competitive market practice.

        A majority of our employees, including our Named Executive Officers, are eligible to participate in our employee stock purchase plan. Under the employee stock purchase plan, each eligible employee may authorize the withholding of 1-15% of his or her base pay each pay period to be used to purchase shares of our Common Stock for the employee's account on the open market by a third-party administrator we have engaged for this purpose. We make a matching contribution in cash in an amount sufficient to result in the employee receiving a discount on the shares purchased of 10%.

Perquisites

        Perquisites do not comprise a major element in our executive compensation program.

        We provide support to our officers, including our Named Executive Officers, for the services of a financial counselor. The financial counselor provides estate and tax planning advice and tax return preparation. The fees for these services are detailed in the Summary Compensation Table.

        Our officers, including our Named Executive Officers, may use our aircraft for reasonable personal use, following a prescribed approval process. The Compensation Committee reviews the level of usage annually. We believe that our officers' ability to use a Company plane for limited personal use saves time and provides additional security for them, thereby benefiting our Company. The aggregate incremental cost to us of such personal use by our Named Executive Officers is detailed in the Summary Compensation Table.

        Executive physical examinations are available for all officers, including our Named Executive Officers. The Compensation Committee considers this practice to be good corporate governance and a direct benefit to our Company's shareholders.

Compensation Recoupment

        Our compensation awards are subject to our compensation recoupment, or "clawback," policy in our corporate governance principles providing that, if any of our financial statements are required to be materially restated resulting from the fraudulent actions of any officer, our Compensation Committee may direct that we recover all or a portion of any award or any past or future compensation other than base salary from any such officer with respect to any year for which our financial results are adversely affected by such restatement.

34


Post-Employment Compensation and Change in Control Protections

        We do not have formal severance agreements with any of our Named Executive Officers, but we have a policy of paying severance under certain circumstances to officers whose employment is terminated, and certain of our plans provide for other benefits upon certain change in control events and terminations of employment, each as described in detail under "Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control." The Compensation Committee believes the change in control and termination benefits that we provide our Named Executive Officers are consistent with the Compensation Committee's overall objectives. The Compensation Committee periodically reviews and modifies these benefits to ensure that they continue to meet these objectives. The purposes of these benefits are to permit our key executives to concentrate on taking actions that are in the best interests of our shareholders without regard to whether such action may ultimately have an adverse impact on their job security and to enable them to provide objective advice on any potential change in control of our company without undue concern regarding its potential impact on their personal financial situation.

        In addition to a qualified change in control, payment under the plan requires termination without "cause" by the company or termination by the officer for "good reason" within two years of the change in control. Upon the occurrence of both triggering events, certain benefits would be provided to the affected Named Executive Officer:

For our Chief Executive Officer
  For our Named Executive Officers (except our Chief Executive Officer)

Severance equal to three years' base salary plus three annual bonus payments calculated at a 1.0 payout factor

 

Severance equal to two years' base salary plus two annual bonus payments calculated at a 1.0 payout factor

Full vesting of certain insurance and retirement benefits

 

Full vesting of certain insurance and retirement benefits

Continuation for the three-year severance period of certain other benefits.

 

Continuation for the two-year severance period of certain other benefits.

        In addition to the severance provisions of our change in control compensation protection arrangements, there are provisions within our long-term compensation plans that provide payment of outstanding awards in the event of a change in control, without requiring actual or constructive termination of the officer. All stock-based awards under our long-term compensation plans provide for accelerated vesting upon a change in control only if the award holder's employment is also terminated by us without cause or by the award holder with good reason within two years after the change in control.

        Our change in control compensation protection arrangements do not provide for tax gross-ups for excise taxes imposed because of the "golden parachute" excise tax provisions of Code Sections 280G and 4999. Instead, the arrangements provide that, if excise taxes are imposed because of the golden parachute excise tax provisions of Code Sections 280G and 4999, the Named Executive Officer's change in control compensation protections will be either cut back, to a level below the level that would trigger the imposition of the excise taxes, or paid in full and subjected to the excise taxes, whichever results in the better after-tax result to the Named Executive Officer.

Confidentiality and Non-Compete Agreements

        Each of our Named Executive Officers has signed an agreement not to disclose our confidential information or to accept employment with certain competitors during, and for 12 months subsequent to, the time the officer is employed by us.

35


Stock Ownership Requirements

        The Compensation Committee believes that our officers should own a significant amount of our stock in order to further link their economic interests to those of our shareholders. To underscore this, we require our officers to own a number of shares of our Common Stock having a total value equal to the following multiples of their respective base salaries:

Group   Stock Ownership Requirement
Chief Executive Officer   Five times (5x) base salary

Members of the Cummins Leadership Team (including all of the Named Executive Officers other than the Chief Executive Officer)

 

Three times (3x) base salary

All Other Officers

 

One time (1x) base salary

        An officer's direct and indirect ownership of our Common Stock counts towards the officer's ownership requirements, but unexercised stock options and unearned performance shares are not counted towards officer stock ownership requirements.

        Because our stock value may vary, these ownership requirements are expressed as a set number of shares for defined bands of salary. The numbers of shares required are reviewed annually and established by the Compensation Committee based on the average market price of our stock over a three-year period.

        Officers have five years from the date of their initial appointments to meet their requirement. An officer whose salary increases to the level of a new salary band (and higher stock ownership requirement) will have three years from the date of such increase to achieve the new higher level. Subject to limited exceptions, officers may not sell any of our shares until they reach their stock ownership guideline, and then they may only sell our shares to the extent their stock ownership would not drop below their ownership requirement.

        All of our Named Executive Officers are in compliance with their stock ownership requirements or still have time to meet their ownership requirement.

        As described under "Director Compensation," we also have formal stock ownership guidelines for non-employee members of our Board. All of our non- employee directors have either satisfied this requirement or have additional time to do so.

Pledging and Hedging Policy

        Officers and directors are prohibited from engaging in forms of hedging or monetization transactions involving the establishment of a short position in our Common Stock, such as zero-cost collars and forward sale contracts. They are also prohibited from entering into any arrangement that, directly or indirectly, involves the pledge of our securities or other use of our securities as collateral for a loan.

36



Compensation Committee Report

        The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors reviewed and discussed the preceding Compensation Discussion and Analysis with management and, based on such review and discussions recommended to the Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Proxy Statement for incorporation by reference into the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

    Respectfully submitted,
    GEORGIA R. NELSON, CHAIR
ROBERT K. HERDMAN
ALEXIS M. HERMAN
THOMAS J. LYNCH

37


        A summary compensation table and supplemental tables on the following pages disclose compensation information for our Named Executive Officers during our last three completed fiscal years (or such shorter period for which the Named Executive Officer was a Named Executive Officer) and our last completed fiscal year, respectively.

2016 SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE AND SUPPLEMENTAL TABLES

Name and Principal Position
  Year   Annual
Salary
  (1)
Bonus
  (2)
Stock
Awards
  (3)
Option
Awards
  (4)
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
  (5)
Change in
Pension Value
and Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
  (6)
All Other
Compensation
  Total
Compensation
 

N. T. Linebarger, Chairman and

    2016   $ 1,375,000   $ 0   $ 2,277,822   $ 3,332,840   $ 3,106,075   $ 3,237,838   $ 90,281   $ 13,419,856  

Chief Executive Officer

    2015   $ 1,337,500   $ 0   $ 2,337,425   $ 2,174,854   $ 3,070,638   $ 3,251,780   $ 107,528   $ 12,279,725  

    2014   $ 1,250,000   $ 0   $ 2,636,666   $ 2,233,767   $ 3,318,550   $ 5,267,522   $ 78,050   $ 14,784,555  

P. J. Ward, Vice President and

   
2016
 
$

726,000
 
$

0
 
$

669,601
 
$

980,500
 
$

883,470
 
$

1,157,760
 
$

27,774
 
$

4,445,105
 

Chief Financial Officer

    2015   $ 705,500   $ 0   $ 593,040   $ 551,765   $ 871,273   $ 1,161,468   $ 25,678   $ 3,908,724  

    2014   $ 680,000   $ 0   $ 659,521   $ 558,317   $ 1,065,600   $ 2,380,601   $ 24,818   $ 5,368,857  

R. J. Freeland, President and

   
2016
 
$

848,000
 
$

0
 
$

837,492
 
$

1,225,309
 
$

1,137,920
 
$

563,081
 
$

31,214
 
$

4,643,016
 

Chief Operating Officer

    2015   $ 824,000   $ 0   $ 859,329   $ 799,379   $ 1,042,860   $ 767,058   $ 34,017   $ 4,326,643  

    2014   $ 730,208   $ 0   $ 842,021   $ 700,066   $ 1,169,066   $ 1,576,962   $ 42,673   $ 5,060,996  

L. L. Satterthwaite, Vice President and

   
2016
 
$

570,000
 
$

0
 
$

418,255
 
$

612,654
 
$

677,600
 
$

422,012
 
$

62,984
 
$

2,763,505
 

President—Distribution

    2015   $ 565,000   $ 0   $ 429,664   $ 399,689   $ 674,800   $ 690,102   $ 19,240   $ 2,778,495  

Business

    2014   $ 550,000   $ 0   $ 523,362   $ 443,370   $ 666,400   $ 1,437,809   $ 47,509   $ 3,668,450  

M. M. Rose, Vice President and

   
2016
 
$

634,000
 
$

0
 
$

384,873
 
$

563,642
 
$

684,740
 
$

931,465
 
$

35,574
 
$

3,234,294
 

Chief Administrative Officer

    2015   $ 619,000   $ 0   $ 394,931   $ 367,843   $ 676,340   $ 736,787   $ 42,574   $ 2,837,475  

(1)
Our annual bonuses are performance based, not discretionary, and are therefore included as Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation in the table above.

38


    

                                                       
(2)
The Stock Awards column represents the fair value on the grant date, computed in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, which we refer to as ASC Topic 718, for stock awards, which were made pursuant to the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan, based upon the probable outcome of the performance conditions, consistent with the estimate of aggregate compensation cost to be recognized over the service period determined as of the grant date under ASC Topic 718. Additional information about the assumptions that we used when valuing equity awards is set forth in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K in Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for 2016. Pursuant to SEC rules, the amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions. Performance shares are earned based on our financial performance over a three-year period, and the shares earned are not restricted after the performance period. The maximum values of the 2016 awards at the grant date assuming that the highest level of performance conditions are attained, are as follows: N. T. Linebarger—$4,555,645; P. J. Ward—$1,339,202; R. J. Freeland—$1,674,985; L. L. Satterthwaite—$836,511; M.M. Rose—$769,747.

(3)
The Option Awards column represents the fair value on the grant date computed in accordance with ASC Topic 718 for option awards, which were made pursuant to the 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan. Additional information about the assumptions that we used when valuing equity awards is set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K in Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Pursuant to SEC rules, the amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions.

(4)
The amounts shown in this column for 2016 consist of (i) payments made in March 2017 under the Annual Bonus Plan for 2016 performance and (ii) payments for the performance cash component of our long-term incentive compensation program, which were paid in March 2017 based on our 2014-2016 performance. The payments for each Named Executive Officer from these sources were:
 
  N. T. Linebarger   P. J. Ward   R. J. Freeland   L. L. Satterthwaite   M. M. Rose  

Annual Bonus Plan

  $ 1,299,375   $ 431,970   $ 563,920   $ 319,200   $ 355,040  

Performance Cash

  $ 1,806,700   $ 451,500   $ 574,000   $ 358,400   $ 329,700  

TOTAL

  $ 3,106,075   $ 883,470   $ 1,137,920   $ 677,600   $ 684,740  

39


(5)
The aggregate changes during 2016 in the actuarial present value of each Named Executive Officer's pension plans and the above market earnings on non-qualified deferred compensation are as follows:
 
  N. T. Linebarger   P. J. Ward   R. J. Freeland   L. L. Satterthwaite   M. M. Rose  

Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)

  $ 50,105   $ 53,886   $ 48,733   $ 42,131   $ 31,871  

Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)

  $ 199,223   $ 68,312   $ 101,267   $ 53,202   $ 67,557  

Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)

  $ 2,914,474   $ 1,022,564   $ 329,317   $ 312,190   $ 768,744  

Sub-total

  $ 3,163,802   $ 1,144,762   $ 479,317   $ 407,523   $ 868,172  

Above-market earnings on non-qualified deferred compensation

  $ 74,036   $ 12,998   $ 83,764   $ 14,489   $ 63,293  

TOTAL

  $ 3,237,838   $ 1,157,760   $ 563,081   $ 422,012   $ 931,465  

        "Above-market" is defined as the amount of earnings that exceeded 120% of the applicable federal long-term rate. The present value of the benefits depends in part on the interest rate used to discount the future benefits under the Plan to their present value. The amounts shown in the Change in Pension Value and Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings column and in the table immediately above reflect our Named Executive Officers' years of credited service under our pension plans.

40


(6)
This column consists of the following for 2016:
 
  N. T. Linebarger   P. J. Ward   R. J. Freeland   L. L. Satterthwaite   M. M. Rose  

Financial Counseling

  $ 11,440   $ 12,720   $ 11,440   $ 15,545   $ 11,440  

Personal use of Company Aircraft

  $ 60,970   $ 0   $ 0   $ 11,636   $ 10,472  

Relocation Expenses

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 21,102   $ 0  

Life Insurance Costs

  $ 8,096   $ 5,279   $ 9,999   $ 4,926   $ 3,887  

Company Contributions under the Retirement and Savings Plan

  $ 9,775   $ 9,775   $ 9,775   $ 9,775   $ 9,775  

TOTAL

  $ 90,281   $ 27,774   $ 31,214   $ 62,984   $ 35,574  

        Personal Use of Company Aircraft was calculated using an average indicated hourly cost of $2,327.10 which is the incremental cost incurred by the company. This cost is calculated based on the company's annual average fuel cost and other expenses derived from published industry averages.

        Relocation Expenses for Mr. Satterthwaite included a tax gross-up of $8,904.63.

41


        The following table complements the disclosures set forth in columns captioned Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation, Stock Awards and Option Awards in the Summary Compensation Table.

GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS IN 2016

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  All Other
Option
Awards
Number of
Securities
Underlying
Options
(#)
  (5)   (6)  
 
   
   
  Estimated Future Payouts Under
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards
  Estimated Future Payouts Under
Equity Incentive Plan Awards
  All Other
Stock Awards:
Number of
Shares or
Units
(#)
 
 
   
   
  Exercise or
Base Price of
Option
Awards
($)
  Grant Date
Fair Value of
Stock and
Option
Awards
 
Name
  Grant
Date
  Date of
Committee
Action
  Threshold
($)
  Target
($)
  Maximum
($)
  Threshold
(#)
  Target
(#)
  Maximum
(#)
 

N. T. Linebarger

    N/A     N/A (1) $ 185,625   $ 1,856,250   $ 3,712,500                                            

    N/A     N/A (2) $ 278,600   $ 2,786,000   $ 5,572,000                                            

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (3)                     2,320     23,200     46,400                     $ 2,277,822  

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (4)                                       0     131,920   $ 109.09   $ 3,332,840  

P. J. Ward

   
N/A
   
N/A

(1)

$

61,710
 
$

617,100
 
$

1,234,200
                                           

    N/A     N/A (2) $ 81,900   $ 819,000   $ 1,638,000                                            

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (3)                     682     6,820     13,640                     $ 669,601  

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (4)                                       0     38,810   $ 109.09   $ 980,500  

R. J. Freeland

   
N/A
   
N/A

(1)

$

80,560
 
$

805,600
 
$

1,611,200
                                           

    N/A     N/A (2) $ 102,400   $ 1,024,000   $ 2,048,000                                            

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (3)                     853     8,530     17,060                     $ 837,492  

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (4)                                       0     48,500   $ 109.09   $ 1,225,309  

L. L. Satterthwaite

   
N/A
   
N/A

(1)

$

45,600
 
$

456,000
 
$

912,000
                                           

    N/A     N/A (2) $ 51,200   $ 512,000   $ 1,024,000                                            

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (3)                     426     4,260     8,520                     $ 418,255  

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (4)                                       0     24,250   $ 109.09   $ 612,654  

M. M. Rose

   
N/A
   
N/A

(1)

$

50,720
 
$

507,200
 
$

1,014,400
                                           

    N/A     N/A (2) $ 47,100   $ 471,000   $ 942,000                                            

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (3)                     392     3,920     7,840                     $ 384,873  

    4/4/16     2/8/16 (4)                                       0     22,310   $ 109.09   $ 563,642  

(1)
Named Executive Officers participate in the annual bonus plan, as described in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis. The payout is calculated based on a formula approved by the Compensation Committee annually. Each participant is assigned a participation rate as a percent of salary. For purposes of this plan, our performance is measured by ROANA as defined by the plan. The annual bonus is calculated as follows:

(Annual Bonus) equals (Annual Base Salary Paid for calendar year) times (participation percentage assigned to each position) times (Payout Factor)

The Payout Factor could range from zero to 2.0, in increments of 0.1.

42


    

                                                                         
(2)
We made target performance cash awards, expressed as dollar amounts, as part of our long-term incentive compensation program under our 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan, in 2016. A multiple of the target award is earned based on our Return on Equity (ROE) performance during 2016-2018. The amount earned and paid under the three- year target award would range from zero to 200% of the target award amount. The target award will be earned if our ROE for 2016-2018 is equal to the targeted ROE level established for that period as described in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis. The Threshold Payment (10% of the target award) will be earned if our ROE is 60% of the targeted ROE for the period. The maximum payment (200% of the target award) will be earned if our ROE is 20% above the targeted ROE for the period. To the extent earned, the payments will be made in March 2019.

(3)
We made target awards of performance shares under our 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan in 2016. The awards are expressed as a target number of shares of our Common Stock. Shares are earned based on our ROE performance during 2016-2018, based on the same measures as established for the target performance cash awards. The number of shares earned can range from zero to 200% of the target award number of shares. The target award number of shares will be earned if our ROE for 2016-2018 is equal to the targeted ROE established for the period as described in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis. Dividends are payable only at the conclusion of the performance period on the shares that become earned.

(4)
We awarded stock options under our 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The options were granted on April 4, 2016 at a grant price of $109.09, which was equal to the unadjusted closing market price of our Common Stock on the grant date. The options are not exercisable until April 4, 2019 (or upon the recipient's earlier retirement, death or disability) so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such date, vest on the same schedule and expire on the earliest of April 4, 2026, five years after retirement or disability, or one year after death.

(5)
The grant price of the stock options is equal to the unadjusted closing price of our Common Stock on the April 4, 2016 grant date of $109.09.

(6)
The April 4, 2016 grant date fair value for performance shares, based upon probable outcome of the performance conditions to which they are subject, is $98.182/share, which is consistent with the estimate of aggregate compensation costs to be recognized over the service period determined as of the grant date under ASC Topic 718 (excluding the effect of estimated forfeitures). The April 4, 2016 grant date fair value for stock option awards was the Black-Scholes value at grant date which was $25.2641/share.

43


        The following two tables are intended to enhance understanding of equity compensation that has been previously awarded and remained outstanding, as of December 31, 2016, including amounts realized on equity compensation during the last year as a result of the vesting or exercise of equity awards.

OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT 2016 YEAR-END

 
  Option Awards   Stock Awards  
Name
  Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
(#)
Exercisable
  Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options
(#)
Unexercisable
  Option
Exercise
Price
($)
  Option
Expiration
Date
  Equity Incentive
Plan Awards:
Number of
Unearned Shares,
Units or Other
Rights That Have
Not Vested (#)
  Equity Incentive
Plan Awards:
Market or Payout
Value of
Unearned Shares,
Units or Other
Rights That Have
Not Vested ($)
 

N.T. Linebarger

    0     131,920 (1) $ 109.09     4/4/2026     41,370 (4) $ 5,654,038 (5)

    0     60,780 (2) $ 136.82     4/2/2025              

    0     44,890 (3) $ 149.34     4/2/2024              

    60,100 (6)   0   $ 111.84     4/2/2023              

    37,510 (7)   0   $ 120.28     4/2/2022              

    13,040 (8)   0   $ 119.77     5/2/2021              

    16,360 (9)   0   $ 58.115     3/1/2020              

    24,830 (10)   0   $ 19.420     3/2/2019              

P.J. Ward

   
0
   
38,810

(1)

$

109.09
   
4/4/2026
   
11,430

(4)

$

1,562,138

(5)

    0     15,420 (2) $ 136.82     4/2/2025              

    0     11,220 (3) $ 149.34     4/2/2024              

    15,020 (6)   0   $ 111.84     4/2/2023              

    11,030 (7)   0   $ 120.28     4/2/2022              

    8,150 (8)   0   $ 119.77     5/2/2021              

    5,900 (9)   0   $ 58.115     3/1/2020              

R.J. Freeland

   
0
   
48,500

(1)

$

109.09
   
4/4/2026
   
15,210

(4)

$

2,078,751

(5)

    0     22,340 (2) $ 136.82     4/2/2025              

    0     1,960 (11) $ 154.20     7/16/2024              

    0     12,290 (3) $ 149.34     4/2/2024              

    16,450 (6)   0   $ 111.84     4/2/2023              

    11,030 (7)   0   $ 120.28     4/2/2022              

    8,150 (8)   0   $ 119.77     5/2/2021              

    10,900 (9)   0   $ 58.115     3/1/2020              

    3,650 (10)   0   $ 19.420     3/2/2019              

L. L. Satterthwaite

   
0
   
24,250

(1)

$

109.09
   
4/4/2026
   
7,600

(4)

$

1,038,692

(5)

    0     11,170 (2) $ 136.82     4/2/2025              

    0     8,910 (3) $ 149.34     4/2/2024              

    11,920 (6)   0   $ 111.84     4/2/2023              

    9,190 (7)   0   $ 120.28     4/2/2022              

    8,150 (8)   0   $ 119.77     5/2/2021              

    8,450 (9)   0   $ 58.115     3/1/2020              

    12,830 (10)   0   $ 19.420     3/2/2019              

M.M. Rose

   
0
   
22,310

(1)

$

109.09
   
4/4/2026
   
6,990

(4)

$

955,323

(5)

    0     10,280 (2) $ 136.82     4/2/2025              

    0     8,190 (3) $ 149.34     4/2/2024              

    10,970 (6)   0   $ 111.84     4/2/2023              

    7,350 (7)   0   $ 120.28     4/2/2022              

    5,220 (8)   0   $ 119.77     5/2/2021              

(1)
These stock options were granted on April 4, 2016 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or upon the recipient's earlier Retirement, Death, or Disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such a date or event.

44


    

                                     
(2)
These stock options were granted on April 2, 2015 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or upon the recipient's earlier Retirement, Death, or Disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such a date or event.

(3)
These stock options were granted on April 2, 2014 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or upon the recipient's earlier Retirement, Death, or Disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such a date or event.

(4)
Target awards of performance shares were granted in April 2015 and April 2016 to be earned in a multiple ranging from zero to two times the target awards, based on our performance during 2015-2017 and 2016-2018, respectively. The performance shares earned from the April 2015 grant will be awarded in 2018 and the performance shares earned from the April 2016 grant will be awarded in March 2019. Performance for the 2015 - 2017 period in the aggregate as well as for 2016 alone were above the threshold but below target; therefore the target amounts are shown for both the April 2015 grant and the April 2016 grant.

(5)
The price per share used to calculate the market value was $136.67, the unadjusted closing price of our Common Stock on the NYSE on December 30, 2016, the last trading day of the year.

(6)
These stock options were granted on April 2, 2013 and became exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the second anniversary of the grant date.

(7)
These stock options were granted on April 2, 2012 and vested and became exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the second anniversary of the grant date.

(8)
These stock options were granted on May 2, 2011 and vested and became exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the second anniversary of the grant date.

(9)
These stock options were granted on March 1, 2010 and vested and became exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the second anniversary of the grant date.

(10)
These stock options were granted on March 2, 2009 and vested and became exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the second anniversary of the grant date.

(11)
These stock options were granted on July 16, 2014 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or upon the recipient's earlier Retirement, Death, or Disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such a date or event.

45


        The outstanding awards of performance shares as of December 31, 2016 for the 2015-2017 and the 2016-2018 awards cycles, shown at target, were as follows:

Name
  Grant
Year
  Number of Units of
Performance Shares
 

N. T. Linebarger

    2016     23,200  

    2015     18,170  

P. J. Ward

    2016     6,820  

    2015     4,610  

R. J. Freeland

    2016     8,530  

    2015     6,680  

L. L. Satterthwaite

    2016     4,260  

    2015     3,340  

M. M. Rose

    2016     3,920  

    2015     3,070  


OPTION EXERCISES AND STOCK VESTED IN 2016

 
  (1)
  (2)
  (3)
  (4)
 
 
  Option Awards   Stock Awards  
Name
  Number of Shares
Acquired on Exercise
(#)
  Value Realized
on Exercise
($)
  Number of Shares
Acquired on Vesting
(#)
  Value Realized
on Vesting
($)
 

N. T. Linebarger

    0   $ 0     17,717   $ 1,776,306  

P. J. Ward

    0   $ 0     4,431   $ 444,252  

R. J. Freeland

    0   $ 0     4,851   $ 486,361  

L. L. Satterthwaite

    0   $ 0     3,514   $ 352,314  

M. M. Rose

    5,450   $ 429,869     3,234   $ 324,241  

(1)
Represents the gross number of shares acquired upon exercise of vested options without taking into account any shares that may be withheld to cover option exercise price or applicable tax obligations.

(2)
Represents the value of exercised options calculated by multiplying (i) the number of shares of our Common Stock to which the exercise of the option related, by (ii) the difference between the per-share closing price of our Common Stock on the NYSE on the date of exercise and the exercise price of the options.

(3)
Target awards of performance shares were granted in April 2013 to be earned in a multiple ranging from zero to two times the target award, based on our performance during 2013-2015. These performance shares were earned and became vested on March 1, 2016.

(4)
The values realized on vesting for the performance shares were calculated using the unadjusted closing price of our Common Stock on March 1, 2016 ($100.26).

46



PENSION BENEFITS FOR 2016

Name
  Plan Name   Number of
Years
Credited
Service
(#)
  Present
Value of
Accumulated
Benefit
($)
  Payments
During
Last Fiscal
Year
($)
 

N. T. Linebarger

  Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)     23   $ 552,273   $ 0  

  Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)     23   $ 1,605,976   $ 0  

  Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)     23   $ 21,121,786   $ 0  

P. J. Ward

  Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)     29   $ 573,894   $ 0  

  Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)     29   $ 498,214   $ 0  

  Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)     29   $ 9,255,213   $ 0  

R. J. Freeland

  Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)     38   $ 815,335   $ 0  

  Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)     38   $ 944,665   $ 0  

  Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)     38   $ 9,288,194   $ 0  

L. L. Satterthwaite

  Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)     28   $ 629,522   $ 0  

  Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)     28   $ 414,349   $ 0  

  Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)     28   $ 6,343,207   $ 0  

M. M. Rose

  Cummins Pension Plan (Qualified)     19   $ 376,634   $ 0  

  Excess Benefit Retirement Plan (Non-qualified)     19   $ 530,992   $ 0  

  Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan (Non-qualified)     19   $ 5,033,778   $ 0  

        The Cummins Pension Plan is a cash balance pension plan. Participants receive pay credits equal to 6% of total monthly pay, defined as base salary and annual bonus payments. Individual accounts are maintained for each participant. The accounts receive interest credits equal to 30-year Treasury bond rate plus 1%. Participants are 100% vested in the Cummins Pension Plan benefit upon attaining three years of service.

        The Excess Benefit Retirement Plan provides non-qualified pension benefits in excess of limitations imposed by the Code on the benefits provided by the Cummins Pension Plan formula. It preserves the total benefit payable under the Cummins Pension Plan formula.

        The Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Plan provides a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan ("SERP") Life Annuity benefit to our officers who participate in the Cummins Pension Plan.

        The SERP benefit is based on a percentage of the highest 60 consecutive months of total compensation during the final 120 months of the participant's career. Total Compensation for calculation of five year average pay is defined as base salary and annual bonus payments.

        The percentage is calculated as 2% of the participant's five year average pay for each of the first 20 years of service plus 1% of the participant's five year average pay for each of the next 10 years of service. The maximum is a 50% benefit after 30 years of service, except that an officer who is among our two highest paid Named Executive Officers at the time of retirement will receive an annual benefit equal

47


to an additional 10%. In December 2011, the Compensation Committee discontinued this additional benefit for all future participants in the plan but maintained it for the two then-highest paid Named Executive Officers, one of whom was Mr. Linebarger.

        The retirement benefit calculated by this formula is offset by the highest combined annuity available from the Cummins Pension Plan and the Excess Benefit Retirement Plan, thus topping up the benefits available from those plans to total the target retirement benefit.

        Officers whose service and age total 80 (minimum age 55 and 20 years of service), or who were participants in the plan prior to 2006 and have at least 30 years of service, regardless of age, would qualify for immediate unreduced commencement of life annuity benefits. [Therefore, Mr. Freeland and Mr. Satterthwaite qualified, as of December 31, 2016, for immediate commencement of unreduced benefits.]

        Otherwise, after retirement or termination of employment, unreduced benefits may be commenced at age 60. Retired or terminated vested employees who do not qualify for unreduced benefits under the age and service conditions described in the previous paragraph may commence benefits as early as age 55, but the life annuity benefit would be reduced by .333% for each month the participant's age at commencement preceded 60.

        Vesting for the SERP benefit is 25% after five years of service, increasing in 15% annual increments, with 100% vesting after 10 years of service. The life annuity benefit is a 15-year certain payment, with a 50% benefit for surviving spouse or domestic partner.

        The SERP benefit accrued for service prior to 2005 may be elected as a lump sum payment. Benefits accrued after 2005 are subject to the provisions of Internal Revenue Code Section 409A, which preclude election of a lump sum distribution of such benefits at the time permitted for benefits accrued for service prior to 2005.

        The actuarial table used to calculate a lump sum payment under the SERP is the same as that used to make such calculations under the qualified Cummins Pension Plan, and the interest rate used is the rate used by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

Accelerated SERP Formula for Executives Hired Mid-Career

        For some officers who joined our company mid-career, the SERP benefit is calculated at an accelerated rate, requiring one-half the service necessary for other participants.

        The accelerated formula provides a target benefit based on 4% for the first 10 years and 2% for the next five years of service, with a maximum of 50% of Five Year Average Pay after fifteen years of service. Eligibility for immediate commencement of unreduced benefits is achieved when age and service total 70 (minimum age 58 and 10 years of service). Otherwise, for participants who are no longer our employees, unreduced benefits may commence at age 60 or as early as age 55, but reduced .333% for each month age at commencement precedes age 60.

Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan

        Our Deferred Compensation Plan permits deferral of up to 100% of base salary, annual bonus, and/or performance cash awards under our long-term incentive compensation program.

        Prior to the 2016 plan year, accounts were credited with earnings based on each participant's selection among three alternatives: Standard & Poor's 500 Index, Barclays Capital US Government / Credit Bond Index, or 10-Year Treasury Bill + 2%. Effective with the 2016 plan year, account crediting options within our Deferred Compensation Plan were changed to options that are substantially similar to the investment choices available in our 401(k) plan, and the previous three alternatives were not open to additional investment. However, amounts previously deferred under our Deferred Compensation Plan were eligible

48


to continue being credited with earnings based on the previous three alternatives. In addition, participants may have had a balance in another legacy investment option, 10-Year Treasury Bill +4%, which is not open to additional investment.

        The account crediting options within our Deferred Compensation Plan had the following annual returns during 2016:

 
   
   
   
   
 
  Account Crediting Option
   
  2016 Annual Return
   
     Standard & Poor's 500 Index       9.54%    
     Barclays Capital US Government / Credit Bond Index       3.19%    
     10-Year Treasury Bill + 2%       3.81%    
     10-Year Treasury Bill + 4%       5.81%    
     Advisor Managed Portfolio—Conservative Allocation       5.86%    
     Advisor Managed Portfolio—Moderate Allocation       7.99%    
     Advisor Managed Portfolio—Moderate Growth Allocation       8.54%    
     Advisor Managed Portfolio—Growth Allocation       8.97%    
     Advisor Managed Portfolio—Aggressive Allocation       9.77%    
     American Funds International—Class 1       –3.84%    
     American Funds International—Class 2       –1.18%    
     Deutsche Small Cap Index VIP—Class A Shares       21.03%    
     Dimensional VA U.S. Large Value       18.87%    
     Dimensional VA U.S. Targeted Value       27.49%    
     Fidelity VIP Index 500—Initial Class       11.86%    
     Fidelity VIP Money Market—Initial Class       0.20%    
     Lord Abbett Series Developing Growth—Class VC       –2.60%    
     LVIP SSgA Bond Index—Standard Class       2.28%    
     LVIP SSgA International Index—Standard Class       1.00%    
     PIMCO VIT Total Return—Admin Shares       2.68%    
     T. Rowe Price Blue Chip Growth       0.78%    

        Crediting options may be changed monthly. At the time of the election to defer, the participant chooses the time and the form of distribution. The participant may elect to have distributions begin on a specified date or following retirement. Distributions will also commence on any other separation from service, or upon death or a change of control.

49



NON-QUALIFIED DEFERRED COMPENSATION IN 2016

Name
  (1)
Executive
Contributions
in Last
Fiscal Year
  Registrant
Contributions
in Last Fiscal
Year ($)
  (1)
Aggregate
Earnings in
Last Fiscal
Year ($)
  Aggregate
Withdrawals/
Distributions ($)
  (2)
Aggregate
Balance at
Last Fiscal
Year End ($)
 

N. T. Linebarger

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 203,358   $ 0   $ 4,961,335  

P. J. Ward

  $ 87,127   $ 0   $ 47,542   $ 0   $ 1,357,444  

R. J. Freeland

  $ 521,430   $ 0   $ 214,527   $ 0   $ 5,141,065  

L. L. Satterthwaite

  $ 331,100   $ 0   $ 23,209   $ 0   $ 354,309  

M. M. Rose

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 119,008   $ 0   $ 2,168,397  

(1)
Amounts included in the above table that were also reported in the "Change in Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Earnings" column of the Summary Compensation Table as "Above-market earnings" for the Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Plan for each Named Executive Officer are: N. T. Linebarger $74,036; P. J. Ward $12,998; R. J. Freeland $83,764; L. L. Satterthwaite $14,489; M. M. Rose $63,293. One hundred percent of the contributions made by N. T. Linebarger, P. J. Ward, L. L. Satterthwaite and M. M. Rose are reflected in the Summary Compensation Table.

(2)
Amounts included in this column that have been reported in the Summary Compensation Table since 2006 for each Named Executive Officer are: N. T. Linebarger $3,699,457; P. J. Ward $1,283,115; R. J. Freeland $2,247,249; L. L. Satterthwaite $355,076; M. M. Rose $120,308.

50



POTENTIAL PAYMENTS UPON TERMINATION OR CHANGE IN CONTROL

Payments upon a Change in Control without a Qualified Termination or upon a Qualified Termination following a Change in Control

        In the event of a change in control of our company or certain terminations of employment within two years after a change in control, we will provide benefits to certain executives, including our Named Executive Officers.

        Upon a change in control, outstanding equity-based awards would not automatically become immediately vested and exercisable. Instead, two events (i.e., a so-called "double trigger") are required to trigger accelerated vesting and exercisability: both a change in control and termination without "cause" by the company or termination by the officer with "good reason" within two years of the change in control.

        Upon a termination of employment without "cause" by the company or for "good reason" by the officer following a change in control, our Named Executive Officers, except our Chief Executive Officer, would be entitled to two years' salary plus two annual bonus payments calculated using a 1.0 payout factor. Our Chief Executive Officer would be entitled to three years' salary plus three annual bonus payments. We would also provide for the full vesting of certain insurance and retirement benefits. Additionally, the Named Executive Officers, other than our Chief Executive Officer, would receive a payment equal in value to two years' additional participation under our tax-qualified and nonqualified pension plans as well as two years' continued participation in other employee benefit plans, and our Chief Executive Officer would receive a payment equal in value to three years' additional participation under our tax-qualified and nonqualified pension plans as well as three years' continued participation in other employee benefits plans.

        Outstanding awards of performance cash would be paid on a pro-rated basis, calculated as the percentage of days of each respective awards cycle that had elapsed as of the date of the change in control, and assuming a 1.0 payout factor. The value of supplemental and excess retirement (non-qualified) benefits will also be paid in cash. All amounts of compensation deferred under our Deferred Compensation Plan will be paid in cash. Our change in control arrangements with our Named Executive Officers do not entitle them to gross-up payments for taxes resulting from the application of the "golden parachute" excise tax provisions of Code Sections 280G and 4999. Instead, the arrangements reflect a "best net of taxes" approach under which, if excise taxes are imposed because of the golden parachute excise tax provisions of Code Sections 280G and 4999, the Named Executive Officer's change in control compensation protections will be either cut back, to a level below the level that would trigger the imposition of the excise taxes, or paid in full and subjected to the excise taxes, whichever results in the better after-tax result to the Named Executive Officer.

        "Change in control" is generally defined as a consolidation or merger in which we are not the continuing or surviving corporation or in which our shares are converted; a sale, lease, exchange or transfer of substantially all of our assets; approval by our shareholders of a plan or proposal to liquidate or dissolve our company; the acquisition by a person of 25% or more of our voting power; or a majority change in the composition of our Board in a two-year period under specified circumstances where the nomination or election of the new directors is not approved by a supermajority of the directors prior to the change.

        Termination for "cause" means a termination of the officer's employment by us due to the officer's willful and continued failure to perform his or her duties with us (after notice and an opportunity to cure), other than due to incapacity due to illness, or due to the officer's conviction of a felony.

        Termination for "good reason" generally means a termination by the officer within 90 days following specified adverse changes in the officer's employment circumstances such as the assignment of duties not consistent with the officer's position, certain relocations of the officer's location of employment or reductions in compensation.

51


        The payments to each of our Named Executive Officers, assuming that all triggering events occurred on December 31, 2016, are estimated in the table below. Amounts actually received, should any of the triggering events occur, may vary.

Payments
   
  N. T. Linebarger   P. J. Ward   R. J. Freeland   L. L. Satterthwaite   M. M. Rose  

Severance

    (1 ) $ 9,693,750   $ 2,686,200   $ 3,307,200   $ 2,052,000   $ 2,282,400  

Unvested Stock Option Spread

    (2 ) $ 3,638,354   $ 1,070,380   $ 1,337,630   $ 668,815   $ 615,310  

Unvested Restricted Stock

    (3 ) $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

LTI Plan Payment

    (4 ) $ 16,347,733   $ 4,368,654   $ 5,754,470   $ 3,079,004   $ 2,831,635  

Retirement Benefit Payment

    (5 ) $ 5,153,155   $ 589,613   $ 603,739   $ 363,240   $ 657,507  

Welfare Benefit Values

    (6 ) $ 31,227   $ 20,818   $ 20,818   $ 20,818   $ 20,818  

Financial Advisory and 401(k) Benefit

        $ 62,925   $ 41,950   $ 41,950   $ 41,950   $ 41,950  

Reduction due to Best Net of Taxes Provision

    (7 ) $ 0   $ 0   $ (992,929 ) $ 0   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

        $ 34,927,144   $ 8,777,614   $ 10,072,878   $ 6,225,827   $ 6,449,619  

(1)
Severance payment equal to three times annual base salary at the time of the termination, plus three annual bonus payments at a 1.0 payout factor for Mr. Linebarger as Chief Executive Officer. For the other Named Executive Officers, two times the Named Executive Officer's annual base salary at the time of the termination, plus two annual bonus payments at a 1.0 payout factor.

(2)
Total value of unvested stock options that would become vested upon a change in control, assuming a share price of $136.67 and a change in control date of December 31, 2016.

(3)
Total value of unvested restricted stock that would become vested upon a change in control, assuming a share price of $136.67 and a change in control date of December 31, 2016.

(4)
Pro-rated payouts of outstanding performance cash target awards for the 2015-2017 and 2016-2018 awards cycle, all of the performance cash target awards for the 2014-2016 awards cycle, and all of the performance share target awards for the 2014-2016, 2015-2017 and 2016-2018 awards cycle, all at target level, assuming a $136.67 share price for the performance shares.

(5)
Incremental actuarial value attributable to retirement for three years of additional service for Mr. Linebarger or two years for the other Named Executive Officers.

(6)
Estimated value associated with the continuation of life insurance, medical, dental, and disability benefits for three years for Mr. Linebarger or two years for the other Named Executive Officers following termination.

(7)
The calculation of the Reduction due to Best Net of Taxes Provision is based upon a Code Section 280G excise tax rate of 20% and the highest marginal income tax rates for 2016. Furthermore, it was assumed that no value will be attributed to reasonable compensation. At the time of any change in control, a value may be so attributed, which would affect whether a reduction would be triggered and the amount of any such reduction.

Potential Payments upon Termination of Employment Other than Following a Change in Control

        The following tables summarize the estimated payments to be made to Named Executive Officers under provisions of plans or established practice in the event of termination of employment including

52


resignation, involuntary termination, involuntary termination for cause, retirement, death and disability other than following a change in control.

        Termination for cause includes, but is not limited to: violation of our Treatment of Others Policy, violation of the Code of Business Conduct, theft or other acts of dishonesty, willful destruction of our property, refusal to obey a supervisor's reasonable instructions, conduct endangering the safety of employees or co-workers, falsification of our documents, or violation of our other rules or policies.

        We only report amounts where vesting requirements are waived and/or time of payment is accelerated, or benefits that are not generally available to our other exempt employees. Also, information is not repeated that is disclosed previously under the Pension Benefits Table, the Deferred Compensation Table, or the Outstanding Equity Awards Table, except to the extent that the amounts payable to the Named Executive Officer would be enhanced by the termination event described.

        The amounts shown assume the terminating event occurred on the last business day of 2016, and that the price per share of our Common Stock is the closing price as of that date, $136.67.

Severance

        We do not have formal severance agreements with any of our Named Executive Officers. However, the Committee has established a policy that any of our Named Executive Officers, if terminated by us other than for cause, will generally be entitled to receive up to 12 months' base salary as severance, paid as salary continuation, and a pro-rated portion of his or her annual bonus for the portion of the year prior to termination, payable at the normal time and using the same payout factors as for all other participants. All of these elements would require a signed release of claims agreement.

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants

        As described elsewhere in this proxy statement, currently we provide annual target award grants of performance cash, performance shares and stock options. The grants are based on a three-year performance period.

    Performance Cash:

        If a participant's employment with us terminates during the first year of an awards cycle, other than by reason of retirement, death or disability, the participant will not receive any payout for that awards cycle. If a participant's employment terminates during the second year of an awards cycle other than by reason of retirement, death or disability, the Compensation Committee, in its discretion, may determine whether the participant will receive a proportionate payout of any payment with respect to the awards cycle based on the period of employment during the cycle.

        If a participant retires, dies or becomes disabled during an awards cycle, the participant or such participant's estate, as the case may be, will receive a proportionate share of any payment with respect to the awards cycle based on the period of employment during the cycle, regardless of the length of time of such employment. In the case of retirement the proportionate share of the payment will be based on the actual payout factor. In the case of death or disability, the payment depends on when the death or disability occurs. If the death or disability occurs in year one of the performance period, the payout is based on an assumed payout factor of 1.0. If the death or disability occurs in year two, the payout factor is based on the actual year one performance and an assumed payout factor of 1.0 for years two and three. If death or disability occurs in year three, the payout factor is made on the normal payout cycle according to the actual payout factor.

53


    2014-2016 Awards Cycle Grants

        Since the entire 2014-2016 awards cycle was completed as of the assumed December 31, 2016 date of the termination, all participants would have been entitled to the payment at the normal time in March 2017. Since there would be no special acceleration, the amounts of these payments are not shown on the tables.

    2015-2017 Awards Cycle Grants

        Since the termination event is assumed to occur on December 31, 2016, which was the end of the second year of the 2015-2017 awards cycle, the Committee has the discretion to award two-thirds of the target award for the 2015-2017 awards cycle. For purposes of this table, two-thirds of the target awards for the 2015-2017 awards cycle, assuming a payout factor of 1.0, is shown as payable under retirement, death, and disability.

    2016-2018 Awards Cycle Grants

        Since the termination event is assumed to occur on December 31, 2016, which was the end of the first year of the 2016-2018 awards cycle, the Committee has the discretion to award one-third of the target award for the 2016-2018 awards cycle. For purposes of this table, one-third of the target awards for the 2016-2018 awards cycle, assuming a payout factor of 1.0, is shown as payable under retirement, death, and disability.

    Performance Shares:

        If a participant's employment with us terminates during the first year of an awards cycle, other than by reason of retirement, death or disability, the participant will not receive any performance shares for that awards cycle. If a participant's employment terminates during the second year of an awards cycle other than by reason of retirement, death or disability, the Compensation Committee, in its discretion, may determine whether the participant will receive a proportionate payout of any performance shares with respect to the awards cycle based on the period of employment during the cycle.

        If a participant retires, dies or becomes disabled during an awards cycle, the participant or such participant's estate, as the case may be, will receive a proportionate number of any performance shares earned with respect to the awards cycle based on the period of employment during the cycle, regardless of the length of time of such employment. In the case of retirement, the proportionate number will be based on the actual payout factor. In the case of death or disability, the number depends on when the death or disability occurs. If the death or disability occurs in year one of the performance period, the number of shares earned is based on an assumed payout factor of 1.0. If the death or disability occurs in year two, the number of shares earned is based on the actual year one performance and an assumed payout factor of 1.0 for years two and three. If death or disability occurs in year three, the number of shares earned is determined on the normal payout cycle according to the actual payout factor.

    2014-2016 Awards Cycle Grants

        Since the entire 2014-2016 awards cycle was completed as of the assumed December 31, 2016 date of the termination, participants would have earned performance shares at the normal time in March 2017. Since there would be no special acceleration, the amounts of the awards are not shown on the tables.

    2015-2017 Awards Cycle Grants

        Performance shares would become earned based on our performance during 2015-2017 and paid out in unrestricted shares in March 2018. Since the shares were not yet earned, it is assumed no payments were accelerated on a termination other than a retirement, death or disability. For purposes of this table,

54


two-thirds of the target awards for the 2015-2017 awards cycle, assuming a payout factor of 1.0, is shown as payable under retirement, death, and disability.

    2016-2018 Awards Cycle Grants

        Performance shares would become earned based on our performance during 2016-2018 and paid out in unrestricted shares in March 2019. Since the shares were not yet earned, it is assumed no payments were accelerated on a termination other than a retirement, death or disability. For purposes of this table, one-third of the target awards for the 2016-2018 awards cycle, assuming a payout factor of 1.0, is shown as payable under retirement, death, and disability.

    Stock Options:

    2015-2017 Awards Cycle Grants

        Stock options were granted on April 2, 2015 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or April 2, 2018, or upon the recipient's earlier retirement, death or disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such date or event. Accordingly, the value of the accelerated vesting is shown only in the columns relating to a termination for retirement, death or disability.

    2016-2018 Awards Cycle Grants

        Stock options were granted on April 4, 2016 and will vest and become exercisable with respect to all of the underlying shares of our Common Stock on the third anniversary of the grant date, or April 4, 2019, or upon the recipient's earlier retirement, death or disability, so long as the recipient is continuously employed by us or a subsidiary until such date or event. Accordingly, the value of the accelerated vesting is shown only in the columns relating to a termination for retirement, death or disability.

Executive Life Insurance

        Each of the Named Executive Officers participates in the Supplemental Life Insurance and Deferred Income Program, whereby officers are eligible for life insurance equal to three times base salary. Since this is a program not participated in by non-officer employees, the values of this incremental coverage are shown in the table.

Outplacement, Welfare Benefits, and Financial Counseling

        Outplacement assistance and welfare benefits will be provided only in the case of involuntary not-for-cause termination. Financial counseling support will not be provided in cases of voluntary termination and termination for cause.

55


        The payments to each of our Named Executive Officers, assuming that the triggering event occurred on December 31, 2016, are estimated in the table below. Amounts actually received should any of the triggering events occur may vary.

 
  Voluntary
Termination
  Involuntary
Not-for-Cause
Termination
  Termination
for Cause
  Retirement   Death   Disability  

N.T. Linebarger

                                     

Severance

  $ 0   $ 1,375,000   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants:

                                     

Performance Cash 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,857,333   $ 1,857,333  

Performance Cash 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 928,667   $ 928,667  

Performance Shares 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,655,529   $ 1,655,529  

Performance Shares 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,056,915   $ 1,056,915  

Stock Options 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Stock Options 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 3,638,354   $ 3,638,354  

Outplacement

  $ 0   $ 5,900   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Welfare Benefits

  $ 0   $ 31,227   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Financial Counseling

  $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 0   $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 11,440  

Life Insurance (Supplemental Life Insurance Program only)

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 4,125,000   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

  $ 0   $ 1,423,567   $ 0   $ 0   $ 13,273,238   $ 9,148,238  

56



 
  Voluntary
Termination
  Involuntary
Not-for-Cause
Termination
  Termination
for Cause
  Retirement   Death   Disability  

P.J. Ward

                                     

Severance

  $ 0   $ 726,000   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants:

                                     

Performance Cash 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 471,333   $ 471,333  

Performance Cash 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 273,000   $ 273,000  

Performance Shares 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 420,032   $ 420,032  

Performance Shares 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 310,696   $ 310,696  

Stock Options 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Stock Options 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,070,380   $ 1,070,380  

Outplacement

  $ 0   $ 5,900   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Welfare Benefits

  $ 0   $ 20,818   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Financial Counseling

  $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 0   $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 11,440  

Life Insurance (Supplemental Life Insurance Program only)

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 2,178,000   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

  $ 0   $ 764,158   $ 0   $ 0   $ 4,734,882   $ 2,556,882  

 

 
  Voluntary
Termination
  Involuntary
Not-for-Cause
Termination
  Termination
for Cause
  Retirement   Death   Disability  

R.J. Freeland

                                     

Severance

  $ 0   $ 848,000   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants:

                                     

Performance Cash 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 682,667   $ 682,667   $ 682,667  

Performance Cash 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 341,333   $ 341,333   $ 341,333  

Performance Shares 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 608,637   $ 608,637   $ 608,637  

Performance Shares 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 388,598   $ 388,598   $ 388,598  

Stock Options 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Stock Options 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,337,630   $ 1,337,630   $ 1,337,630  

Outplacement

  $ 0   $ 5,900   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Welfare Benefits

  $ 0   $ 20,818   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Financial Counseling

  $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 11,440   $ 11,440  

Life Insurance (Supplemental Life Insurance Program only)

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 2,544,000   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

  $ 0   $ 886,158   $ 0   $ 3,370,305   $ 5,914,305   $ 3,370,305  

57



 
  Voluntary
Termination
  Involuntary
Not-for-Cause
Termination
  Termination
for Cause
  Retirement   Death   Disability  

L. L. Satterthwaite

                                     

Severance

  $ 0   $ 570,000   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants:

                                     

Performance Cash 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 341,333   $ 341,333   $ 341,333  

Performance Cash 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 170,667   $ 170,667   $ 170,667  

Performance Shares 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 304,319   $ 304,319   $ 304,319  

Performance Shares 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 194,071   $ 194,071   $ 194,071  

Stock Options 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Stock Options 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 668,815   $ 668,815   $ 668,815  

Outplacement

  $ 0   $ 5,900   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Welfare Benefits

  $ 0   $ 20,818   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Financial Counseling

  $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 11,440   $ 11,440  

Life Insurance (Supplemental Life Insurance Program only)

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,710,000   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

  $ 0   $ 608,158   $ 0   $ 1,690,645   $ 3,400,645   $ 1,690,645  

 

 
  Voluntary
Termination
  Involuntary
Not-for-Cause
Termination
  Termination
for Cause
  Retirement   Death   Disability  

M. M. Rose

                                     

Severance

  $ 0   $ 634,000   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Accelerated Vesting of Long-Term Grants:

                                     

Performance Cash 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 314,000   $ 314,000  

Performance Cash 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 157,000   $ 157,000  

Performance Shares 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 279,718   $ 279,718  

Performance Shares 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 178,582   $ 178,582  

Stock Options 2015-2017 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Stock Options 2016-2018 Awards Cycle

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 615,310   $ 615,310  

Outplacement

  $ 0   $ 5,900   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Welfare Benefits

  $ 0   $ 20,818   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0  

Financial Counseling

  $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 0   $ 0   $ 11,440   $ 11,440  

Life Insurance (Supplemental Life Insurance Program only)

  $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 0   $ 1,902,000   $ 0  

Aggregate Payments

  $ 0   $ 672,158   $ 0   $ 0   $ 3,458,050   $ 1,556,050  

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ADVISORY VOTE ON THE COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
(Item 11 on the Proxy Card)

        Executive compensation is important to us and to our shareholders. Since 2011, we have held annual advisory shareholder votes to approve the compensation of our Named Executive Officers as required by Section 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. At this year's Annual Meeting, we once again are seeking input from our shareholders through an advisory vote to approve the compensation of our Named Executive Officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and the accompanying compensation tables and narratives contained in this proxy statement. In 2016, consistent with the recommendation of our Board, our shareholders voted in favor of our executive compensation, with 95.6% of votes cast in favor.

Principles of our Executive Compensation Program

        The primary focus of our executive compensation program is the principle of pay for performance, as we define it, both in program design and in specific awards. We believe that the level of compensation received by executives should be closely tied to our corporate financial and stock price performance.

        Our executive compensation program also is designed to attract, motivate, focus and retain employees with the skills required to achieve our performance goals in a competitive global business environment. Therefore, our program is designed to reflect each individual's contribution to our corporate performance, while striking an appropriate balance between short-term and long-term corporate results.

        In addition to our focus on pay for performance, we also consider the following principles when designing and implementing our executive compensation program:

    Market Positioning:  On average our executives' target total direct compensation opportunity, consisting of base salary, target annual bonus and target long-term incentive value, should be at the median of the market, as we define it, and as described in the "Market Alignment of our Executive Compensation Program Elements" section;

    Short-Term/Long-Term Balance:  There should be a balance between annual and long-term elements of compensation;

    Pay at Risk:  The more senior an executive's position, the more his or her compensation should be "at risk," which means that it is dependent on our corporate financial and stock price performance;

    Alignment with Shareholder Interests:  Equity-based compensation and stock ownership should be an important part of our executive compensation program in order to link our management's compensation with our shareholders' returns. The greater the level of responsibility of the officer, the more his or her compensation should be stock-based and the higher his or her stock ownership requirement;

    Retention:  Our compensation program should support retention of our experienced executives and achievement of our leadership succession plans; and

    Simple and Transparent:  Our executive compensation program should be transparent to our investors and employees and should be simple and easy to understand.

Link between Financial Performance and Executive Compensation

        We have a long-standing commitment to pay for performance that we implement by providing a majority of compensation through arrangements designed to hold our executive officers accountable for business results and reward them for consistently strong corporate performance and the creation of value

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for our shareholders. The Compensation Committee has carefully structured the key elements of our executive compensation program to support this objective. Specifically:

    The performance metrics that we use in our compensation program encourage management to generate growth in income and cash flow through profitable investment, which supports both dividend payments to shareholders as well as future investments in growth and innovation;

    Our annual bonus program rewards operational performance through our Return on Average Net Assets (ROANA) metric;

    Our performance cash and performance share programs reward Return on Equity (ROE) performance over three years;

    Rewarding our executives based on our relative achievement of ROANA and ROE targets encourages management to invest in profitable future growth opportunities when allocating shareholder capital; and

    Our use of stock options further encourages management to generate long-term superior returns for our shareholders.

        Our Compensation Committee annually requests that Farient Advisors LLC, or Farient, evaluate the relationship between our executive compensation and our financial and shareholder return performance. As in prior years, Farient conducted quantitative analyses to test the alignment of our Chief Executive Officer's pay and corporate performance by simulating the pay for performance tests relied upon by proxy voting advisor firms and by using its own pay for performance alignment model which tests 3-year average performance-adjusted compensation relative to 3-year average Total Shareholder Return, or TSR. Our Compensation Committee considers these analyses in evaluating whether our Chief Executive Officer's compensation has corresponded with the performance delivered.

        In addition, as a further test, the following graphs show the relationship between our corporate financial and TSR performance and our executive compensation levels over the past five years as measured by our: (i) average TSR (three-year rolling average, on a dividend reinvested basis); (ii) ROANA;

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(iii) ROE; and (iv) average annual total compensation for our Named Executive Officers, or Avg TC, as reported in our Summary Compensation Table:

NEO Pay Relative to Performance

GRAPHIC

GRAPHIC


Note: The "Avg TC" values in these graphs reflect the averages of the total compensation values for our Named Executive Officers as reported in the Summary Compensation Tables of our proxy statements for the respective years shown in the graphs.

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        To illustrate how our executive compensation program achieves our pay at risk principle, set forth below are the percentages for each of the three elements that make up the target total direct compensation opportunity provided in 2016 to our Chief Executive Officer and our other Named Executive Officers as a group.

Target Total Direct Compensation Mix—Fiscal Year 2016

        (Consists of base salary, annual bonus award target and 2016 long-term incentive grant value)

GRAPHIC

        The targets for performance-linked components for 2016 were 86% and 77% for the CEO and Named Executive Officers, respectively.

How We Performed in 2016 and How Our Executive Compensation Aligned with Our Performance

        In 2016, we continued to face challenging economic conditions, resulting in a decrease in year over year revenue and earnings. Despite these decreases, we returned value to our shareholders through increased dividends and share repurchases. We believe that our financial performance is closely correlated with the compensation of our Named Executive Officers. The average compensation increase for our NEOs reflected in the NEO Pay Relative to Performance graphs is primarily due to stock price appreciation in 2016, resulting in higher valuation of the equity issued in our compensation programs.

        2016 Business Highlights.    Our revenues decreased by 8 percent in 2016 compared to 2015, as a result of declines in North American commercial truck production and the lowest levels of demand for high horsepower engines in industrial and power generation markets in more than a decade. International sales declined 2 percent as strong sales growth in China and India were more than offset by weak demand in Latin America, the Middle East and Africa. Cash flow from operations generated in 2016 was strong which allowed us to reinvest in our business and return cash to shareholders. Key business highlights for 2016 include:

    Our total net sales were $17.5 billion, 8 percent lower than 2015;

    Our EBIT was $2.00 billion, down 4 percent compared to $2.09 billion in 2015;

    Net income attributable to Cummins Inc. was $ 1.39 billion, compared to $1.40 billion in 2015;

    ROANA was 23 percent and ROE was 18 percent, compared to 22 percent and 17 percent in 2015, respectively;

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    We continued our efforts to return value to our shareholders in 2016 by increasing our dividend by 5 percent and by repurchasing 7.3 million shares of our Common Stock. In total we returned $1.5 billion or 75 percent of cash from operations to shareholders; and

    The average annual TSR over the three year period ending 2016 was 1.7 percent

Best Practices Adopted in Determining Executive Compensation

        We continually review best practices in the area of executive compensation. Our executive compensation arrangements include features considered to be best practices, such as the following:

 
   
   
What We Do        
 
   
   
Performance Measurement      

We set clear financial goals that we believe are challenging but achievable, meet or exceed competitive standards, and enhance shareholder value over time.

We use different performance measures in our short- and long-term incentive compensation plans to correlate with our financial performance on both an annual and longer-term basis, as well as our returns to shareholders. In addition, we believe that our performance measures correlate to shareholder value creation over the long term.

Compensation Program Design / Pay For Performance Alignment      

Our annual bonus plan is designed to strengthen the tie between individual employee performance and corporate performance.

Our annual bonus plan uses a "One Cummins" structure in which all eligible employees participate. Our unified annual bonus plan reinforces the overall success of our company; encourages collaboration across our organization; and promotes "One Cummins" by encouraging our employees to collectively share in the success of our company.

We use multiple components under our long-term incentive compensation program (performance cash, performance shares and stock options) to address the motivational concerns associated with a singular focus on any one form of long-term incentive compensation.

To further encourage focus on the sustained growth of our company over the long term and to aid in retention, our performance shares, performance cash and stock option awards to our executive officers cliff vest after three years.

We cap payouts under our short-and long-term incentive compensation plans at 200% of the target awards.

Perquisites do not comprise a major element in our executive compensation program.

Risk Mitigation      

We maintain a compensation recoupment, or "clawback," policy in our corporate governance principles providing that, if any of our financial statements are required to be materially restated resulting from the fraudulent actions of any officer, our Compensation Committee may direct that we recover all or a portion of any award or any past or future compensation other than base salary from any such officer with respect to any year for which our financial results are adversely affected by such restatement.

Governance      

We monitor our pay practices to help confirm that they do not encourage excessive risk taking.

Our Compensation Committee benefits from the use of an outside, independent compensation consultant.

Other      

We require executive officers to maintain certain stock ownership levels and prohibit them from engaging in forms of hedging or similar types of transactions with respect to our stock.

We prohibit officers from entering into any arrangement that, directly or indirectly, involves the pledge of our securities or other use of our securities as collateral for a loan.

Benefits under our change in control arrangements with our executive officers are subject to a "double trigger" rather than a "single trigger" (i.e., in addition to the change in control occurring, the executive officer's employment must be terminated by us without cause or by the executive officer with good reason in order for him or her to receive any benefits under the arrangement).

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What We Don't Do

We do not permit backdating or repricing of stock options.

We do not have separate employment contracts with our executive officers.

We do not guarantee salary increases, bonuses or equity grants for our executive officers and we do not provide discretionary bonuses to our Named Executive Officers.

We will not gross-up excise taxes that may be imposed on payments to our executive officers in connection with a change in control.

        Our Board would like the support of our shareholders for the compensation of our Named Executive Officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and the accompanying compensation tables and narratives contained in this proxy statement. Accordingly, for the reasons we discuss above, our Board unanimously recommends that shareholders vote in favor of the following resolution:

    "RESOLVED, that the shareholders approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of the Named Executive Officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and the accompanying compensation tables and narratives contained in this proxy statement."

        The compensation of the Named Executive Officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and the accompanying compensation tables and narratives contained in this proxy statement will be approved if the votes cast in favor of the proposal exceed those cast against the proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes will not affect the voting results for this proposal.

        As this is an advisory vote, the results of the vote will not be binding on our Board, although our Compensation Committee will consider the outcome of the vote when evaluating the effectiveness of our compensation principles and practices and our Compensation Committee and our Board will review and consider the outcome of the vote when making future compensation decisions for our Named Executive Officers. We believe our company benefits from constructive dialogue with our shareholders on these important matters, and while we continue to reach out to our shareholders on these and other issues, we also encourage our shareholders to contact us if they would like to communicate their views on our executive compensation programs. Shareholders who wish to communicate with our non-management directors concerning our executive compensation programs should refer to the section above entitled "Corporate Governance—Board of Directors and Committees—Communication with the Board of Directors." We intend to hold the next advisory vote on the compensation of our Named Executive Officers at the annual meeting in 2018.

        THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS A VOTE