10-K 1 ed-20171231x10k.htm 10-K Document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-K
___________________________________________________  
x    Annual Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017
OR
¨    Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
___________________________________________________   
Commission File Number 1-14514
Consolidated Edison, Inc.
Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter
and principal office address and telephone number
New York
 
13-3965100
State of Incorporation
 
I.R.S. Employer
ID. Number
4 Irving Place,
New York, New York 10003
(212) 460-4600
 ___________________________________________________  
Commission File Number 1-1217
Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.
Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter
and principal office address and telephone number
New York
 
13-5009340
State of Incorporation
 
I.R.S. Employer
ID. Number
4 Irving Place,
New York, New York 10003
(212) 460-4600
 ___________________________________________________  
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
  
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Consolidated Edison, Inc.,
  
 
 
 
Common Shares ($.10 par value)
  
 
New York Stock Exchange

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
1



Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
 
Consolidated Edison, Inc. (Con Edison)
Yes
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
 
Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (CECONY)
Yes
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
 
Con Edison
Yes 
 
¨
 
No 
 
x
 
 
CECONY
Yes 
 
¨
 
No 
 
x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 
Con Edison
Yes 
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
 
CECONY
Yes 
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
 
Con Edison
Yes 
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
 
CECONY
Yes 
 
x
 
No 
 
¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Con Edison
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
x
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
Smaller reporting company
 
¨

 
Emerging growth company
 
¨

 
 
 
 
CECONY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
x
Smaller reporting company
 
¨

 
Emerging growth company
 
¨

 
 
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Con Edison
 
Yes 
 
¨
 
No 
 
x
 
CECONY
 
Yes 
 
¨
 
No 
 
x
 
The aggregate market value of the common equity of Con Edison held by non-affiliates of Con Edison, as of June 30, 2017, was approximately $24.7 billion.
As of January 31, 2018, Con Edison had outstanding 310,397,070 Common Shares ($.10 par value).
All of the outstanding common equity of CECONY is held by Con Edison.

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Documents Incorporated By Reference
Portions of Con Edison’s definitive proxy statement for its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 21, 2018, to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A, not later than 120 days after December 31, 2017, is incorporated in Part III of this report.
Filing Format
This Annual Report on Form 10-K is a combined report being filed separately by two different registrants: Consolidated Edison, Inc. (Con Edison) and Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (CECONY). CECONY is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Con Edison and, as such, the information in this report about CECONY also applies to Con Edison. CECONY meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction (I)(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-K and is therefore filing this Form 10-K with the reduced disclosure format.
As used in this report, the term the “Companies” refers to Con Edison and CECONY. However, CECONY makes no representation as to the information contained in this report relating to Con Edison or the subsidiaries of Con Edison other than itself.
 

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
3



Glossary of Terms
The following is a glossary of abbreviations or acronyms that are used in the Companies’ SEC reports:
Con Edison Companies
 
 
Con Edison
 
Consolidated Edison, Inc.
CECONY
 
Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.
Clean Energy Businesses
 
Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc., together with its subsidiaries
Con Edison Development
 
Consolidated Edison Development, Inc.
Con Edison Energy
 
Consolidated Edison Energy, Inc.
Con Edison Solutions
 
Consolidated Edison Solutions, Inc.
Con Edison Transmission
 
Con Edison Transmission, Inc., together with its subsidiaries
CET Electric
 
Consolidated Edison Transmission, LLC
CET Gas
 
Con Edison Gas Pipeline and Storage, LLC
O&R
 
Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc.
Pike
 
Pike County Light & Power Company
RECO
 
Rockland Electric Company
The Companies
 
Con Edison and CECONY
The Utilities
 
CECONY and O&R
 
Regulatory Agencies, Government Agencies and Other Organizations
EPA
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FASB
 
Financial Accounting Standards Board
FERC
 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
IASB
 
International Accounting Standards Board
IRS
 
Internal Revenue Service
NJBPU
 
New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
NJDEP
 
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
NYISO
 
New York Independent System Operator
NYPA
 
New York Power Authority
NYSDEC
 
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
NYSERDA
 
New York State Energy Research and Development Authority
NYSPSC
 
New York State Public Service Commission
NYSRC
 
New York State Reliability Council, LLC
PJM
 
PJM Interconnection LLC
SEC
 
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
 
 
Accounting
 
 
AFUDC
 
Allowance for funds used during construction
ASU
 
Accounting Standards Update
GAAP
 
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America
LILO
 
Lease In/Lease Out
OCI
 
Other Comprehensive Income
VIE
 
Variable Interest Entity

4
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




 
Environmental
 
 
CO2
 
Carbon dioxide
GHG
 
Greenhouse gases
MGP Sites
 
Manufactured gas plant sites
PCBs
 
Polychlorinated biphenyls
PRP
 
Potentially responsible party
RGGI
 
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Superfund
 
Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 and similar state statutes
 
 
Units of Measure
 
 
AC
 
Alternating current
Bcf
 
Billion cubic feet
Dt
 
Dekatherms
kV
 
Kilovolt
kWh
 
Kilowatt-hour
MDt
 
Thousand dekatherms
MMlb
 
Million pounds
MVA
 
Megavolt ampere
MW
 
Megawatt or thousand kilowatts
MWh
 
Megawatt hour
 
 
Other
 
 
AMI
 
Advanced metering infrastructure
COSO
 
Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission
DER
 
Distributed energy resources
EGWP
 
Employer Group Waiver Plan
Fitch
 
Fitch Ratings
LTIP
 
Long Term Incentive Plan
Moody’s
 
Moody’s Investors Service
REV
 
Reforming the Energy Vision
S&P
 
S&P Global Ratings
TCJA
 
The federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, as enacted on December 22, 2017
VaR
 
Value-at-Risk

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
5



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PAGE
 
Item 1:
Item 1A:
Item 1B:
Item 2:
Item 3:
Item 4:
 
 
 
Item 5:
Item 6:
Item 7:
Item 7A:
Item 8:
Item 9:
Item 9A:
Item 9B:
 
 
Item 10:
Item 11:
Item 12:
Item 13:
Item 14:
 
 
Item 15:
Item 16:
 

6
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Introduction
This introduction contains certain information about Con Edison and its subsidiaries, including CECONY. This introduction is not a summary and should be read together with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, the more detailed information appearing elsewhere or incorporated by reference in this report.
Con Edison’s mission is to provide energy services to our customers safely, reliably, efficiently and in an environmentally sound manner; to provide a workplace that allows employees to realize their full potential; to provide a fair return to our investors; and to improve the quality of life in the communities we serve. The company has ongoing programs designed to support its mission, including initiatives focused on safety, operational excellence, the customer experience and cost optimization.
Con Edison is a holding company that owns:
 
Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (CECONY), which delivers electricity, natural gas and steam to customers in New York City and Westchester County;
Orange & Rockland Utilities, Inc. (O&R), which together with its subsidiary, Rockland Electric Company, delivers electricity and natural gas to customers primarily located in southeastern New York State and northern New Jersey (O&R, together with CECONY referred to as the Utilities);
Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc., which through its subsidiaries develops, owns and operates renewable and energy infrastructure projects and provides energy-related products and services to wholesale and retail customers (Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc., together with its subsidiaries referred to as the Clean Energy Businesses); and
Con Edison Transmission, Inc., which through its subsidiaries invests in electric and gas transmission projects (Con Edison Transmission, Inc., together with its subsidiaries referred to as Con Edison Transmission).
Con Edison anticipates that the Utilities, which are subject to extensive regulation, will continue to provide substantially all of its earnings over the next few years. The Utilities have approved rate plans that are generally designed to cover each company’s cost of service, including capital and other costs of each company’s energy delivery systems. The Utilities recover from their full-service customers (who purchase energy from them), generally on a current basis, the cost the Utilities pay for energy and charge all of their customers the cost of delivery service. See "Utility Regulation" in Item 1, "Risk Factors" in Item 1A and "Rate Plans" in Note B to the financial statements in Item 8.
 
Selected Financial Data
Con Edison
  
For the Year Ended December 31,
(Millions of Dollars, except per share amounts)
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
Operating revenues
$12,354
 
$12,919
 
$12,554
 
$12,075
 
$12,033
 
Energy costs
4,054
 
4,513
 
3,716
 
3,088
 
2,625
 
Operating income
2,244
 
2,209
 
2,427
 
2,575
 
2,610
 
Net income
1,062
 
1,092
 
1,193
 
1,245
 
1,525
(g)
Total assets (e)(f)
40,451
 
44,071
(a)
45,642
(b)
48,255
(c)
48,111
(d)
Long-term debt (e)
10,415
 
11,546
 
12,006
 
14,735
 
14,731
 
Total equity
12,245
 
12,585
 
13,061
 
14,306
 
15,425
 
Net Income per common share – basic
$3.62
 
$3.73
 
$4.07
 
$4.15
 
$4.97
 
Net Income per common share – diluted
$3.61
 
$3.71
 
$4.05
 
$4.12
 
$4.94
 
Dividends declared per common share
$2.46
 
$2.52
 
$2.60
 
$2.68
 
$2.76
 
Book value per share
$41.81
 
$42.97
 
$44.50
 
$46.91
 
$49.72
 
Average common shares outstanding (millions)
293
 
293
 
293
 
300
 
307
 
Stock price low
$54.33
 
$52.23
 
$56.86
 
$63.47
 
$72.13
 
Stock price high
$63.66
 
$68.92
 
$72.25
 
$81.88
 
$89.70
 
(a)
Reflects a $2,116 million increase in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs and a $1,391 million increase in net plant. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.
(b)
Reflects a $2,382 million increase in net plant offset by a $970 million decrease in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
7




(c)
Reflects a $3,007 million increase in net plant offset by a $1,002 million decrease in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.
(d)
Reflects a $2,384 million increase in net plant, offset by decreases in regulatory assets resulting from the enactment of the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, as enacted on December 22, 2017 (TCJA) of $2,418 million (including the netting of $1,168 million against the regulatory liability for future income tax) and unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs of $348 million. See Notes B, E, F and L to the financial statements in Item 8.
(e)
Reflects $74 million and $85 million in 2013 and 2014, respectively, related to the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-03, “Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.”
(f)
Reflects $122 million and $152 million in 2013 and 2014, respectively, related to the adoption of ASU No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes.”
(g)
Upon enactment of the TCJA, Con Edison re-measured its deferred tax assets and liabilities based upon the 21 percent corporate income tax rate under the TCJA. As a result, Con Edison decreased its net deferred tax liabilities by $5,312 million, recognized $259 million (or $0.85 per share) in net income, decreased its regulatory asset for future income tax by $1,250 million, decreased its regulatory asset for revenue taxes by $90 million, and accrued a regulatory liability for federal income tax rate change of $3,713 million. See “Other Regulatory Matters” in Note B and Note L to the financial statements in Item 8.

CECONY 
  
For the Year Ended December 31,
(Millions of Dollars)
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
Operating revenues
$10,430
 
$10,786
 
$10,328
 
$10,165
 
$10,468
 
Energy costs
2,873
 
2,985
 
2,304
 
2,059
 
2,141
 
Operating income
2,060
 
2,139
 
2,247
 
2,262
 
2,405
 
Net income
1,020
 
1,058
 
1,084
 
1,056
 
1,104
 
Total assets (e)(f)
36,095
 
39,443
(a)
40,230
(b)
40,856
(c)
40,451
(d)
Long-term debt (e)
9,303
 
10,788
 
10,787
 
12,073
 
12,065
 
Shareholder’s equity
10,847
 
11,188
 
11,415
 
11,829
 
12,439
 
(a)
Reflects a $1,999 million increase in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs and a $1,440 million increase in net plant. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.
(b)
Reflects a $1,725 million increase in net plant and a $912 million decrease in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.
(c)
Reflects a $1,804 million increase in net plant and a $967 million decrease in regulatory assets for unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs. See Notes B, E and F to the financial statements in Item 8.
(d)
Reflects a $2,090 million increase in net plant, offset by decreases in regulatory assets resulting from the enactment of the TCJA of $2,305 million (including the netting of $1,123 million against the regulatory liability for future income tax) and unrecognized pension and other postretirement costs of $354 million. See Notes B, E, F and L to the financial statements in Item 8.
(e)
Reflects $63 million and $76 million in 2013 and 2014, respectively, related to the adoption of ASU No. 2015-03, “Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.”
(f)
Reflects $100 million and $118 million in 2013 and 2014, respectively, related to the adoption of ASU No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes.”

Significant 2017 Developments and Outlook
Con Edison reported 2017 net income of $1,525 million or $4.97 a share compared with $1,245 million or $4.15 a share in 2016. Adjusted earnings were $1,264 million or $4.12 a share in 2017 compared with $1,198 million or $3.99 a share in 2016. See “Results of Operations” in Item 7 and “Non-GAAP Financial Measure” below.
In 2017, the Utilities invested $3,093 million to upgrade and reinforce their energy delivery systems, Con Edison Transmission invested $66 million in electric transmission and gas pipeline and storage businesses and the Clean Energy Businesses invested $447 million primarily in renewable electric production projects. See "Capital Requirements and Resources" in Item 1 and Note U to the financial statements in Item 8.
In 2018, the Utilities expect to invest $3,209 million for their energy delivery systems, Con Edison Transmission expects to invest $360 million in gas pipeline businesses and the Clean Energy Businesses expect to invest $400 million in renewable electric production projects. Con Edison plans to meet its 2018 capital requirements through internally-generated funds and the issuance of securities. The company's plans include the issuance of between $1,300 million and $1,800 million of long-term debt at the Utilities, and the issuance of additional debt secured by its renewable electric production projects. The plans also include the issuance of up to $450 million of common equity in addition to equity under its dividend reinvestment, employee stock purchase and long term incentive plans. The plans do not reflect the provision to the Utilities’ customers of any of the benefits of the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, as enacted on December 22, 2017 (TCJA) that the New York State Public Service Commission (NYSPSC) and the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) may require to be provided. See “Changes to Tax Laws Could Adversely Affect the Companies” in Item 1A, “Other Regulatory

8
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Matters” in Note B and Note L to the financial statements in Item 8. See “Capital Requirements and Resources” in Item 1.
CECONY forecasts average annual growth in peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years for electric and gas to be approximately 0.1 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively, and an average annual decrease in steam peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years to be approximately 0.5 percent. O&R forecasts average annual growth in electric peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years to be flat and average annual growth in gas peak demand in its service area over the next five years at design conditions to be approximately 0.3 percent. See “The Utilities” in Item 1.
In 2017, the NYSPSC continued its Reforming the Energy Vision (REV) proceeding to improve system efficiency and reliability, encourage renewable energy and distributed energy resources and empower customer choice. The NYSPSC, among other things, issued an order that changes the way distributed energy resources are compensated and begins to phase out net energy metering. Also, CECONY submitted a petition to the NYSPSC for authority to develop smart solutions for gas customers by seeking to apply REV concepts and issued a request for proposals for non-pipeline solutions to a gas pipeline need the company identified. See “Utility Regulation – State Utility Regulation – Reforming the Energy Vision” in Item 1.
In 2017, the NYSPSC approved three-year CECONY electric and gas rate plans and a settlement agreement in its proceedings related to CECONY’s practices of qualifying persons to perform plastic fusions on gas facilities and alleged violations of gas safety regulations in connection with a March 2014 Manhattan explosion and fire. The NYSPSC also issued orders relating to an April 2017 subway power outage and the TCJA. See Notes B and H to the financial statements in Item 8.
Upon enactment of the TCJA, Con Edison re-measured its deferred tax assets and liabilities based upon the 21 percent corporate income tax rate under the TCJA. As a result, Con Edison decreased its net deferred tax liabilities by $5,312 million, recognized $259 million (or $0.85 per share) in net income, decreased its regulatory asset for future income tax by $1,250 million, decreased its regulatory asset for revenue taxes by $90 million, and accrued a regulatory liability for federal income tax rate change of $3,713 million. See "Other Regulatory Matters" in Note B and Note L to the financial statements in Item 8.
In January 2018, O&R filed a request with the NYSPSC for electric and gas rate increases of $20.3 million and $4.5 million, respectively, effective January 2019. See “Rate Plans” in Note B to the financial statements in Item 8.
Available Information
Con Edison and CECONY file annual, quarterly and current reports and other information, and Con Edison files proxy statements, with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The public may read and copy any materials that the Companies file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580 Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy statements, and other information regarding issuers (including Con Edison and CECONY) that file electronically with the SEC.
This information the Companies file with the SEC is also available free of charge on or through the investor information section of their websites as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Con Edison’s internet website is at: www.conedison.com; and CECONY’s is at: www.coned.com.
The "About Us - Corporate Governance" section of Con Edison’s website includes the company’s Standards of Business Conduct (its code of ethics) and amendments or waivers of the standards for executive officers or directors, corporate governance guidelines and the charters of the following committees of the company’s Board of Directors: Audit Committee, Management Development and Compensation Committee, and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee. This information is available in print to any shareholder who requests it. Requests should be directed to: Corporate Secretary, Consolidated Edison, Inc., 4 Irving Place, New York, NY 10003.
Information on the Companies’ websites is not incorporated herein.



CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
9




Forward-Looking Statements
This report includes forward-looking statements intended to qualify for the safe-harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements are statements of future expectation and not facts. Words such as “forecasts,” “expects,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “believes,” “plans,” “will” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time the statements are made, and accordingly speak only as of that time. Actual results or developments might differ materially from those included in the forward-looking statements because of various factors including, but not limited to, those discussed under “Risk Factors,” in Item 1A.

Non-GAAP Financial Measure
Adjusted earnings is a financial measure that is not determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP). This non-GAAP financial measure should not be considered as an alternative to net income, which is an indicator of financial performance determined in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted earnings excludes from net income the net mark-to-market changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments the Clean Energy Businesses use to economically hedge market price fluctuations in related underlying physical transactions for the purchase or sale of electricity and gas. Adjusted earnings may also exclude from net income certain other items that the company does not consider indicative of its ongoing financial performance. Management uses this non-GAAP financial measure to facilitate the analysis of the company's financial performance as compared to its internal budgets and previous financial results. Management also uses this non-GAAP financial measure to communicate to investors and others the company’s expectations regarding its future earnings and dividends on its common stock. Management believes that this non-GAAP financial measure also is useful and meaningful to investors to facilitate their analysis of the company's financial performance. The following table is a reconciliation of Con Edison’s reported net income to adjusted earnings and reported earnings per share to adjusted earnings per share. 
(Millions of Dollars, except per share amounts)
2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Reported net income – GAAP basis
$1,062
$1,092
$1,193
$1,245
$1,525
Gain on sale of the Clean Energy Businesses' retail electric supply business (a)



(56)

Goodwill impairment related to the Clean Energy Businesses' energy service business (b)



12

Impairment of assets held for sale (c)


3


Gain on sale of solar electric production projects (d)

(26)


(1)
Loss from LILO transactions (e)
95
1



Enactment of the TCJA (f)




(259)
Net mark-to-market effects of the Clean Energy Businesses (g)
(45)
73

(3)
(1)
Adjusted earnings
$1,112
$1,140
$1,196
$1,198
$1,264
Reported earnings per share – GAAP basis (basic)
$3.62
$3.73
$4.07
$4.15
$4.97
Gain on sale of the Clean Energy Businesses' retail electric supply business



(0.19)

Goodwill impairment related to the Clean Energy Businesses' energy service business



0.04

Impairment of assets held for sale


0.01


Gain on sale of solar electric production projects

(0.09)



Loss from LILO transactions
0.32




Enactment of the TCJA




(0.85)
Net mark-to-market effects of the Clean Energy Businesses
(0.14)
0.25

(0.01)

Adjusted earnings per share
$3.80
$3.89
$4.08
$3.99
$4.12
(a)
After taxes of $(48) million, which includes an adjustment for the apportionment of state income taxes. See Note U to the financial statements in Item 8.
(b)
After taxes of $3 million. See Note K to the financial statements in Item 8.
(c)
After taxes of $2 million, recorded related to Pike County Light & Power Company (Pike), which O&R sold in 2016. See Note U to the financial statements in Item 8.
(d)
After taxes of $(19) million in 2014.
(e)
In 2013, a court disallowed tax losses claimed by Con Edison relating to Con Edison Development’s Lease In/Lease Out (LILO) transactions and the company subsequently terminated the transactions, resulting in a charge to earnings of $95 million (after taxes of $63 million). In 2014, adjustments were made to taxes and accrued interest.
(f)
Upon enactment of the TCJA, Con Edison re-measured its deferred tax assets and liabilities based upon the 21 percent corporate income tax rate under the TCJA. As a result, Con Edison decreased its net deferred tax liabilities by $5,312 million, recognized $259 million (or $0.85 per share) in net income, decreased its regulatory asset for future income tax by $1,250 million, decreased its regulatory asset for revenue taxes by $90 million, and accrued a regulatory liability for federal income tax rate change of $3,713 million. See “Other Regulatory Matters” in Note B and Note L to the financial statements in Item 8.
(g)
After taxes of $(30) million, $55 million and $(2) million for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2014 and 2016, respectively.

10
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Item 1:    Business

Contents of Item 1
Page
 


CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
11



Incorporation By Reference
Information in any item of this report as to which reference is made in this Item 1 is hereby incorporated by reference in this Item 1. The use of terms such as “see” or “refer to” shall be deemed to incorporate into Item 1 at the place such term is used the information to which such reference is made.

12
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




PART I
 
Item 1:    Business

Overview
Consolidated Edison, Inc. (Con Edison), incorporated in New York State in 1997, is a holding company that owns all of the outstanding common stock of Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc. (CECONY), Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc. (O&R), Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc. and Con Edison Transmission, Inc. As used in this report, the term the “Companies” refers to Con Edison and CECONY.
ceiorgchartvf.jpg
Con Edison’s principal business operations are those of CECONY, O&R, the Clean Energy Businesses and Con Edison Transmission. CECONY’s principal business operations are its regulated electric, gas and steam delivery businesses. O&R’s principal business operations are its regulated electric and gas delivery businesses. The Clean Energy Businesses develop, own and operate renewable and energy infrastructure projects and provide energy-related products and services to wholesale and retail customers. Con Edison Transmission invests in electric transmission facilities and gas pipeline and storage facilities.
Con Edison seeks to provide shareholder value through continued dividend growth, supported by earnings growth in regulated utilities and contracted assets. The company invests to provide reliable, resilient, safe and clean energy critical for New York City’s growing economy. The company is an industry leading owner and operator of contracted, large-scale solar generation in the United States. Con Edison is a responsible neighbor, helping the communities it serves become more sustainable.

CECONY
Electric
CECONY provides electric service to approximately 3.4 million customers in all of New York City (except a part of Queens) and most of Westchester County, an approximately 660 square mile service area with a population of more than nine million.

Gas
CECONY delivers gas to approximately 1.1 million customers in Manhattan, the Bronx, parts of Queens and most of Westchester County.

Steam
CECONY operates the largest steam distribution system in the United States by producing and delivering approximately 19,410 MMlb of steam annually to approximately 1,600 customers in parts of Manhattan.


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O&R
Electric
O&R and its utility subsidiary, Rockland Electric Company (RECO) (together referred to herein as O&R) provide electric service to approximately 0.3 million customers in southeastern New York and northern New Jersey, an approximately 1,300 square mile service area.

Gas
O&R delivers gas to over 0.1 million customers in southeastern New York.

Clean Energy Businesses
Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc. has three wholly-owned subsidiaries: Consolidated Edison Development, Inc. (Con Edison Development), Consolidated Edison Energy, Inc. (Con Edison Energy) and Consolidated Edison Solutions, Inc. (Con Edison Solutions). Con Edison Clean Energy Businesses, Inc., together with these subsidiaries, are referred to in this report as the Clean Energy Businesses. The Clean Energy Businesses develop, own and operate renewable and energy infrastructure projects and provide energy-related products and services to wholesale and retail customers.

Con Edison Transmission
Con Edison Transmission, Inc. invests in electric and gas transmission projects through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Consolidated Edison Transmission, LLC (CET Electric) and Con Edison Gas Pipeline and Storage, LLC (CET Gas). CET Electric owns a 45.7 percent interest in New York Transco LLC, which owns and is proposing to build additional electric transmission assets in New York. CET Gas owns, through subsidiaries, a 50 percent interest in Stagecoach Gas Services, LLC, a joint venture that owns, operates and will further develop an existing gas pipeline and storage business located in northern Pennsylvania and southern New York. Also, CET Gas and CECONY own 71.2 percent and 28.8 percent interests, respectively, in Honeoye Storage Corporation, which operates a gas storage facility in upstate New York. In addition, CET Gas owns a 12.5 percent interest in Mountain Valley Pipeline LLC, a joint venture developing a proposed 300-mile gas transmission project in West Virginia and Virginia (Mountain Valley Pipeline). See “Con Edison Transmission,” below. Con Edison Transmission, Inc., together with CET Electric and CET Gas, are referred to in this report as Con Edison Transmission.

Utility Regulation
State Utility Regulation
Regulators
The Utilities are subject to regulation by the NYSPSC, which under the New York Public Service Law, is authorized to set the terms of service and the rates the Utilities charge for providing service in New York. See “Rate Plans,” below and in Note B to the financial statements in Item 8. The NYSPSC also approves the issuance of the Utilities’ securities. See “Capital Resources,” below. The NYSPSC exercises jurisdiction over the siting of the Utilities’ electric transmission lines (see “Con Edison Transmission,” below) and approves mergers or other business combinations involving New York utilities. In addition, the NYSPSC has the authority to impose penalties on utilities, which could be substantial, for violating state utility laws and regulations and its orders. See “Other Regulatory Matters” in Note B to the financial statements in Item 8. O&R’s New Jersey subsidiary, RECO, is subject to similar regulation by the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU). The NYSPSC, together with the NJBPU, are referred to herein as state utility regulators.
In March 2013, following the issuance of recommendations by a commission established by the Governor of New York and submission by the Governor of a bill to the State legislature, the New York Public Service Law was amended to, among other things, authorize the NYSPSC to (i) levy expanded penalties against combination gas and electric utilities; (ii) review, at least every five years, an electric utility’s capability to provide safe, adequate and reliable service, order the utility to comply with additional and more stringent terms of service than existed prior to the review, assess the continued operation of the utility as the provider of electric service in its service territory and propose, and act upon, such measures as are necessary to ensure safe and adequate service; and (iii) based on findings of repeated violations of the New York Public Service Law or rules or regulations adopted thereto that demonstrate a failure of a combination gas and electric utility to continue to provide safe and adequate service, revoke or modify an operating certificate issued to the utility by the NYSPSC (following consideration of certain factors, including public interest and standards deemed necessary by the NYSPSC to ensure continuity of service, and due process).


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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




New York Utility Industry
Restructuring in the 1990s
In the 1990s, the NYSPSC restructured the electric utility industry in the state. In accordance with NYSPSC orders, the Utilities sold all of their electric generating facilities other than those that also produce steam for CECONY’s steam business (see "Electric Operations – Electric Facilities," below) and provided all of their customers the choice to buy electricity or gas from the Utilities or other suppliers (see "Electric Operations – Electric Sales and Deliveries" and "Gas Operations – Gas Sales and Deliveries," below). In 2017, 65 percent of the electricity and 33 percent of the gas CECONY delivered to its customers, and 58 percent of the electricity and 40 percent of the gas O&R delivered to its customers, was purchased by the customers from other suppliers. In addition, the Utilities no longer control and operate their bulk power electric transmission facilities. See “New York Independent System Operator (NYISO),” below.
Following industry restructuring, there were several utility mergers as a result of which substantially all of the electric and gas delivery service in New York State is now provided by one of four investor-owned utility companies – Con Edison, National Grid plc, Avangrid, Inc. (an affiliate of Iberdrola, S.A.) or CH Energy Group, Inc. (a subsidiary of Fortis Inc.) – or one of two state authorities – New York Power Authority (NYPA) or Long Island Power Authority.

Reforming the Energy Vision
In April 2014, the NYSPSC instituted its REV proceeding, the goals of which are to improve electric system efficiency and reliability, encourage renewable energy resources, support distributed energy resources (DER) and empower customer choice. In this proceeding, the NYSPSC is addressing the establishment of a distributed system platform to manage and coordinate DER, and provide customers with market data and tools to manage their energy use. The NYSPSC also is addressing how its regulatory practices should be modified to incent utility practices to promote REV objectives.
In February 2015, the NYSPSC issued an order in its REV proceeding in which, among other things, the NYSPSC:
ordered CECONY, O&R and the other electric utilities to file distributed system implementation plans (DSIPs) pursuant to which the utilities, under the NYSPSC’s authority and supervision, would serve as distributed system platforms to optimize the use of DER;
indicated that the utilities will be allowed to own DER only under limited circumstances, and that utility affiliate ownership of DER within the utility’s service territory will require market power protections;
ordered the utilities to file energy efficiency plans (see “Environmental Matters – Climate Change," below);
instituted a separate proceeding to consider large-scale renewable generation;
required the utilities to file demonstration projects for approval by NYSPSC staff; and
indicated that the design and implementation of the reformed energy system will occur over a period of years.

In June 2015, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) submitted a report in the large-scale renewable generation proceeding. The report included program design principles and strategies. The NYSPSC requested comments on, among other things: customer funding mechanisms; utility-backed power purchase agreements; financing options; and utility-owned generation. In December 2015, the Governor of New York directed the NYSPSC to establish a clean energy standard to mandate achievement by 2030 of the State Energy Plan’s goals of 50 percent of the State’s electricity being provided from renewable resources and reducing carbon emissions by 40 percent (see “Environmental Matters - Climate Change,” below) and to support the continued operation of upstate nuclear plants. In August 2016, the NYSPSC issued an order adopting a clean energy standard that includes renewable energy credit (REC) and zero-emissions credit (ZEC) requirements. Beginning in 2017, load serving entities (LSEs), including CECONY and O&R for their full-service customers, are required to obtain RECs and ZECs in amounts determined by the NYSPSC. LSEs may satisfy their REC obligation by either purchasing RECs acquired through central procurement by NYSERDA, by self-supply through direct purchase of tradable RECs, or by making alternative compliance payments. LSEs will purchase ZECs from NYSERDA at prices determined by the NYSPSC. The order establishes an annual NYSPSC staff review and triennial NYSPSC review of the clean energy standard. Citing the risks that utility-backed power purchase agreements could impose on customers and utilities, the August 2016 order rejected requiring utilities to sign such agreements. The August 2016 order also did not authorize utility-owned renewable generation, stating a concern that allowing utilities to own renewable generation could result in reduced competition and higher costs. In January 2018, the Governor of New York unveiled a clean energy jobs and climate agenda that calls for procurement of at least 800 MWs of offshore wind power between two solicitations to be issued in 2018 and 2019, which are to be the first in a set schedule to meet a target of 2.4 gigawatts of offshore wind by 2030. The agenda also includes, among

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
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other things, an initiative to deploy 1,500 MWs of energy storage by 2025. Also, in January 2018, NYSERDA issued a master plan for achievement of New York’s offshore wind energy objectives. NYSERDA indicated that it expects offshore wind funding for a first phase of procurements would be provided by a compliance obligation placed on LSEs through an administrative structure similar to the ZEC program. NYSERDA also filed with the NYSPSC an options paper in which it addressed potential procurement options, including utility-owned generation, utility-backed power purchase agreements and contracts with NYSERDA.

In July 2015, the NYSPSC staff issued a white paper on ratemaking and utility business models in the REV proceeding. The NYSPSC staff indicated that the proposals included in the white paper reflect the following foundational principles: align earning opportunities with customer value; maintain flexibility; provide accurate and appropriate value signals; maintain a sound electric industry; shift balance of regulatory incentives to market incentives; and achieve public policy objectives. In May 2016, the NYSPSC issued an order adopting a ratemaking and utility revenue framework. The order indicated that utilities will have four ways of achieving earnings: traditional cost-of-service earnings; earnings tied to achievement of alternatives that reduce utility capital spending and provide definitive consumer benefit; earnings from market-facing platform activities; and earnings from transitional outcome-based performance measures. The order also indicated, among other things, that existing measures for negative revenue adjustments for utility failure to meet basic service standards should generally be retained and net utility plant reconciliations should be modified to encourage cost-effective DER as an alternative to utility capital investment. The order directed each utility to file a system efficiency proposal; an interconnection survey process and proposed earnings adjustment mechanism; a progress report on aggregated data reporting automation; an aggregated data privacy policy statement; revisions to standby service tariffs and cost allocation matrix; one or more smart home rate demonstration proposals; and revisions to voluntary time of use rates and promotion and education tools.

In December 2015, the NYSPSC authorized a cost recovery surcharge mechanism for REV demonstration projects. Five CECONY and one O&R demonstration projects have been approved by the NYSPSC staff. The demonstration projects are expected to inform decisions with respect to developing distributed system platform functionalities, measuring customer response to programs and prices associated with REV markets.

In January 2016, the NYSPSC established a benefit cost analysis framework that will apply to, among other things, utility proposals to make investments that could instead be met through DER alternatives that meet all applicable reliability and safety requirements. The framework’s primary measure is a societal cost test which, in addition to addressing avoided utility costs, is to quantitatively address certain environmental externalities and, where appropriate, qualitatively address other externalities. The NYSPSC directed the utilities to develop and file benefit cost analysis handbooks to guide DER providers in structuring their projects and proposals.

In March 2016, the NYSPSC issued an order approving CECONY’s advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) plan for its electric and gas delivery businesses, subject to a cap on capital expenditures of $1,285 million. AMI components include smart meters, a communication network, information technology systems and business applications. The plan provides for full deployment of AMI to CECONY’s customers to be implemented over a six-year period. During 2016, CECONY, at the NYSPSC’s direction, submitted a customer engagement plan, an update to the company’s benefit cost analysis and metrics that the NYSPSC can use to monitor the success of the project. O&R’s electric and gas rate plans authorize aggregate capital expenditures of approximately $24 million to begin AMI implementation for the company’s customers. In February 2017, O&R submitted to the NYSPSC a request to expend an additional approximately $74 million to expand the scope of the company’s AMI implementation to all of its New York customers. In November 2017, the NYSPSC authorized O&R to implement its expanded AMI smart meter implementation plan.

In June 2016, CECONY and O&R each filed initial DSIPs and benefit-cost handbooks with the NYSPSC, pursuant to which the companies provided additional system and planning information for third-party developers to facilitate the integration of DER in the distributed system platform. In November 2016, CECONY and O&R, with the other state electric utilities, filed a joint supplemental DSIP with the NYSPSC, pursuant to which the companies expanded on the initial DSIPs to address the tools, processes and protocols to be developed jointly to operate the grid to manage DER and support a retail market. The Utilities plan to develop their distribution system platforms as proposed and in conformance with the guidance of the NYSPSC.

In October 2016, CECONY filed a petition with the NYSPSC for approval of a Shared Solar Pilot Program (SSPP) to install and own solar photovoltaic systems on company facilities. CECONY proposed using the community distributed generation model to allocate solar bill credits, net of project cost, to a subset of customers who participate in the company's electric low income program. In August 2017, the NYSPSC approved a $9 million

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




budget for the SSPP. In November 2017, CECONY filed an implementation plan for the SSPP under which it expects operational solar in 2019, with bill credits for approximately 1,000 low income customers.

In March 2017, the NYSPSC issued an order that changes compensation for DER and begins to phase out net energy metering. In New York, net energy metering compensates kilowatt-hours exported to the electric distribution system at the full service rate (that is production plus delivery plus taxes and fees). To provide a gradual transition, the NYSPSC allowed all existing resources to keep their current rate treatment and will delay making significant changes to policies affecting new residential and small commercial rooftop solar until 2020. Larger installations, including new commercial and industrial projects and new community solar projects, will be paid for the value of their exports to the electricity distribution system. The new policy establishes a 2 percent limit on bill increases, reducing the shifting of avoided distribution costs to non-participating residential customers that would have occurred under net energy metering.

In September 2017, CECONY submitted a petition to the NYSPSC for authority to develop smart solutions for gas customers, seeking to apply REV concepts, such as expanding energy efficiency and demand response programs, and to develop a program to encourage ground and air source heating alternatives. The company also identified a gas pipeline need as a result of strong growth in gas consumption, driven by the City of New York’s clean heat program, and further stated that it would issue a request for proposals for non-pipeline solutions. The request for proposals was issued in December 2017. At its November 2017 session, the NYSPSC encouraged utilities to consider non-pipeline solutions for gas needs. 

The REV proceeding and the various related proceedings are continuing proceedings. The Companies are not able to predict the outcome of the proceedings or their impact.

Rate Plans
Investor-owned utilities in the United States provide delivery service to customers according to the terms of tariffs approved by the appropriate state utility regulator. The tariffs include schedules of rates for service that limit the rates charged by the utilities to amounts that recover from their customers costs approved by the regulator, including capital costs, of providing service to customers as defined by the tariff. The tariffs implement rate plans adopted by state utility regulators in rate orders issued at the conclusion of rate proceedings. The utilities’ earnings depend on the limits on rates authorized in, and the other provisions of, their rate plans and their ability to operate their businesses in a manner consistent with such rate plans.
The utilities’ rate plans cover specified periods, but rates determined pursuant to a plan generally continue in effect until a new rate plan is approved by the state utility regulator. In New York, either the utility or the NYSPSC can commence a proceeding for a new rate plan, and a new rate plan filed by the utility will generally take effect automatically in approximately 11 months unless prior to such time the NYSPSC approves a rate plan.
In each rate proceeding, rates are determined by the state utility regulator following the submission by the utility of testimony and supporting information, which are subject to review by the staff of the regulator. Other parties with an interest in the proceeding can also review the utility’s proposal and become involved in the rate proceeding. The review process is overseen by an administrative law judge who is employed by the NYSPSC. After an administrative law judge issues a recommended decision that generally considers the interests of the utility, the regulatory staff, other parties and legal requisites, the regulator will issue a rate order. The utility and the regulator’s staff and interested parties may enter jointly into a proposed settlement agreement prior to the completion of this administrative process, in which case the agreement could be approved by the regulator with or without modification.
For each rate plan, the revenues needed to provide the utility a return on invested capital is determined by multiplying the utilities’ rate base by the pre-tax weighted average cost of capital determined in the rate plan. In general, rate base, as reflected in a utility's rate plans, is the sum of the utility’s net plant, working capital and certain regulatory assets less deferred taxes and certain regulatory liabilities. The NYSPSC uses a forecast of the average rate base for the year that new rates would be in effect (rate year). The NJBPU uses the rate base balances that exist at the end of the historical 12-month period on which base rates are set. The capital structure used in the weighted average cost of capital is determined using actual and forecast data for the same time periods as rate base. The costs of long-term debt, customer deposits and the allowed return on common equity represent a combination of actual and forecast financing information. The allowed return on common equity is determined by each state’s respective utility regulator. The NYSPSC’s current methodology for determining the allowed return on common equity assigns a one-third weight to an estimate determined from a capital asset pricing model applied to a peer group of utility companies and a two-thirds weight to an estimate determined from a dividend discount model

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using stock prices and dividend forecasts for a peer group of utility companies. Both methodologies employ market measurements of equity capital to estimate returns rather than the accounting measurements to which such estimates are applied in setting rates.
Pursuant to the Utilities’ rate plans, there generally can be no change to the rates charged to customers during the respective terms of the rate plans other than specified adjustments provided for in the rate plans.
For information about the Utilities’ rate plans, see Note B to the financial statements in Item 8.

Liability for Service Interruptions
The tariff provisions under which CECONY provides electric, gas and steam service, and O&R provides electric and gas service, limit each company’s liability to pay for damages resulting from service interruptions to circumstances resulting from its gross negligence or willful misconduct. Under RECO's tariff provisions for electric service, the company is not liable for interruptions that are due to causes beyond its control.
CECONY’s tariff for electric service also provides for reimbursement to electric customers for spoilage losses resulting from service interruptions in certain circumstances. In general, the company is obligated to reimburse affected residential and commercial customers for food spoilage of up to approximately $500 and $10,000, respectively, and reimburse affected residential customers for prescription medicine spoilage losses without limitation on amount per claim. The company’s maximum aggregate liability for such reimbursement for an incident is $15 million. The company is not required to provide reimbursement to electric customers for outages attributable to generation or transmission system facilities or events beyond its control, such as storms, provided the company makes reasonable efforts to restore service as soon as practicable.
New York electric utilities are required to provide credits to customers who are without electric service for more than three days. The credit to a customer would equal the portion of the monthly customer charge attributable to the period the customer was without service. If an extraordinary event occurs, the NYSPSC may direct New York gas utilities to implement the same policies.

The NYSPSC has approved a scorecard for use as a guide to assess electric utility performance in restoring electric service during outages that result from a major storm event. The scorecard, which could also be applied by the NYSPSC for other outages or actions, was developed to work with the penalty and emergency response plan provisions of the New York Public Service Law. The scorecard includes performance metrics in categories for preparation, operations response and communications.
Each New York electric utility is required to submit to the NYSPSC annually a plan for the reasonably prompt restoration of service in the case of widespread outages in the utility’s service territory due to storms or other events beyond the control of the utility. If, after evidentiary hearings or other investigatory proceedings, the NYSPSC finds that the utility failed to implement its plan reasonably, the NYSPSC may deny recovery of any part of the service restoration costs caused by such failure. In March 2017, the NYSPSC approved emergency response plans submitted by CECONY and O&R, subject to certain modifications. In December 2017, CECONY and O&R submitted updated plans.

Generic Proceedings
The NYSPSC from time to time conducts “generic” proceedings to consider issues relating to all electric and gas utilities operating in New York State. Pending proceedings include the REV proceeding and related proceedings, discussed above, the proceeding to study the potential effects of the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, as enacted on December 22, 2017 (TCJA), discussed in "Other Regulatory Matters" in Note B to the financial statements in Item 8, and proceedings relating to data access; retail access; utility staffing levels; energy efficiency and renewable energy programs; low income customers and consumer protections. The Utilities are typically active participants in such proceedings.


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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Federal Utility Regulation
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), among other things, regulates the transmission and wholesale sales of electricity in interstate commerce and the transmission and sale of natural gas for resale in interstate commerce. In addition, the FERC has the authority to impose penalties, which could be substantial, including penalties for the violation of reliability and cyber security rules. Certain activities of the Utilities, the Clean Energy Businesses and Con Edison Transmission are subject to the jurisdiction of the FERC. The Utilities are subject to regulation by the FERC with respect to electric transmission rates and to regulation by the NYSPSC with respect to electric and gas retail commodity sales and local delivery service. As a matter of practice, the NYSPSC has approved delivery service rates for the Utilities that include both transmission and distribution costs. Wholesale energy and capacity products sold by the Clean Energy Businesses to the regional electric markets are subject to FERC jurisdiction as defined by the independent system operator tariffs. The electric and gas transmission projects in which CET Electric and CET Gas invest are also subject to regulation by the FERC. See “Con Edison Transmission,” below.

New York Independent System Operator (NYISO)
The NYISO is a not-for-profit organization that controls and directs the operation of most of the electric transmission facilities in New York State, including those of the Utilities, as an integrated system. It also administers wholesale markets for electricity in New York State and facilitates the construction of new transmission it considers necessary to meet identified reliability, economic or public policy needs. The New York State Reliability Council (NYSRC) promulgates reliability standards subject to FERC oversight, and the NYISO has agreed to comply with those standards. Pursuant to a requirement that is set annually by the NYSRC, the NYISO requires that entities supplying electricity to customers in New York State have generating capacity (owned, procured through the NYISO capacity markets or contracted for) in an amount equal to the peak demand of their customers plus the applicable reserve margin. In addition, the NYISO has determined that entities that serve customers in New York City must procure sufficient capacity from resources that are electrically located in New York City to cover a substantial percentage of the peak demands of their New York City customers. It also requires entities that serve customers in the Lower Hudson Valley and New York City customers that are served through the Lower Hudson Valley to procure sufficient capacity from resources electrically located in the Lower Hudson Valley. These requirements apply both to regulated utilities such as CECONY and O&R for the customers they supply under regulated tariffs and to companies that supply customers on market terms. To address the possibility of a disruption due to the unavailability of gas, generating units located in New York City that are capable of using either gas or oil as fuel may be required to use oil as fuel for certain periods and new generating units located in New York City are required to have dual fuel capability. RECO, O&R’s New Jersey subsidiary, provides electric service in a portion of its service territory that has a different independent system operator – PJM Interconnection LLC (PJM). See “CECONY – Electric Operations – Electric Supply” and “O&R – Electric Operations – Electric Supply,” below.

Competition
Distributed generation, such as solar energy production facilities, fuel cells and micro-turbines, provide alternative sources of energy for the Utilities’ electric delivery customers, which typically remain connected to the utility’s delivery system and pay a different rate. In addition, gas delivery customers have oil as an alternative, and
steam customers may have alternative sources of heating and cooling for their buildings. Micro-grids and community-based micro-grids enable distributed generation to serve multiple locations and multiple customers. Other distributed energy resources, such as energy storage, demand reduction and energy efficiency programs, provide alternatives for the Utilities’ delivery customers to manage their energy usage. The following table shows the aggregate capacities of the distributed generation projects connected to the Utilities’ distribution systems at the end of the last four years:
Technology
CECONY
O&R
Total MW, except project number
2014

2015

2016

2017

2014

2015

2016

2017

Internal-combustion engines
101

103

104

108

1

1

2

2

Photovoltaic solar
58

95

135

178

28

46

63

75

Gas turbines
40

40

40

48

20

20

20

20

Micro turbines
9

10

10

14

1

1

1

1

Fuel cells
8

8

9

12





Steam turbines
3

3

4

6





Landfill




2

2

2

2

Total distribution-level distributed generation
219

259

302

366

52

70

88

100

Number of distributed generation projects
4,200

7,451

12,928

18,090

1,877

3,718

5,409

6,537


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The Clean Energy Businesses participate in competitive renewable and energy infrastructure projects and energy products and services businesses that are subject to different risks than those found in the businesses of the Utilities. Con Edison Transmission invests in electric and gas transmission and gas storage projects, the current and prospective customers of which may have competitive alternatives.

The Utilities do not consider it reasonably likely that another company would be authorized to provide utility delivery service of electricity, natural gas or steam where the company already provides service. Any such other company would need to obtain NYSPSC consent, satisfy applicable local requirements, install facilities to provide the service, meet applicable services standards and charge customers comparable taxes and other fees and costs imposed on the service. A new delivery company would also be subject to extensive ongoing regulation by the NYSPSC. See “Utility Regulation – State Utility Regulation – Regulators,” above.

The Utilities
CECONY
CECONY, incorporated in New York State in 1884, is a subsidiary of Con Edison and has no significant subsidiaries of its own. Its principal business segments are its regulated electric, gas and steam businesses.
For a discussion of the company’s operating revenues and operating income for each segment, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional information about the segments, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Electric Operations
Electric Facilities
CECONY’s capitalized costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, for distribution facilities were $17,996 million and $17,234 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. For its transmission facilities, the costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, were $2,990 million and $2,963 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and for its portion of the steam-electric generation facilities, the costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, were $544 million and $479 million, at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. See "CECONY – Steam Operations – Steam Facilities," below.
Distribution Facilities
CECONY owns 62 area distribution substations and various distribution facilities located throughout New York City and Westchester County. At December 31, 2017, the company’s distribution system had a transformer capacity of 31,767 MVA, with 37,020 miles of overhead distribution lines and 97,564 miles of underground distribution lines. The underground distribution lines represent the single longest underground electric delivery system in the United States.

Transmission Facilities
The company’s transmission facilities are located in New York City and Westchester, Orange, Rockland, Putnam and Dutchess counties in New York State. At December 31, 2017, CECONY owned or jointly owned 555 miles of overhead circuits operating at 138, 230, 345 and 500 kV and 749 miles of underground circuits operating at 69, 138 and 345 kV. The company’s 39 transmission substations and 62 area stations are supplied by circuits operated at 69 kV and above. For information about transmission projects to address, among other things, reliability concerns associated with the scheduled closure of the Indian Point Energy Center (which is owned by Entergy Corporation subsidiaries) see “CECONY – Electric Operations – Electric Supply” and “Con Edison Transmission,” below. CECONY’s transmission facilities interconnect with those of National Grid, Central Hudson Gas & Electric Corporation, O&R, New York State Electric & Gas, Connecticut Light & Power Company, Long Island Power Authority, NYPA and Public Service Electric and Gas Company.

Generating Facilities 
CECONY’s electric generating facilities consist of plants located in Manhattan whose primary purpose is to produce steam for the company's steam business. The facilities have an electrical capacity of 732 MW. The company expects to have sufficient amounts of gas and fuel oil available in 2018 for use in these facilities.

Electric Sales and Deliveries
CECONY delivers electricity to its full-service customers who purchase electricity from the company. The company also delivers electricity to its customers who choose to purchase electricity from other suppliers (retail choice program). In addition, the company delivers electricity to state and municipal customers of NYPA.

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




The company charges all customers in its service area for the delivery of electricity. The company generally recovers, on a current basis, the cost of the electricity that it buys and then sells to its full-service customers. It does not make any margin or profit on the electricity it sells. CECONY’s electric revenues are subject to a revenue decoupling mechanism. As a result, its electric delivery revenues are generally not affected by changes in delivery volumes from levels assumed when rates were approved. CECONY’s electric sales and deliveries for the last five years were:
  
 
Year Ended December 31,
  
 
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
Electric Energy Delivered (millions of kWh)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY full service customers
 
20,118
 
19,757
 
20,206
 
19,886
 
19,227
Delivery service for retail choice customers
 
26,574
 
26,221
 
26,662
 
26,813
 
26,136
Delivery service to NYPA customers and others
 
10,226
 
10,325
 
10,147
 
10,046
 
9,955
Total Deliveries in Franchise Area
 
56,918
 
56,303
 
57,015
 
56,745

55,318
Electric Energy Delivered ($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY full service customers
 
$4,799
 
$5,023
 
$4,757
 
$4,404
 
$4,348
Delivery service for retail choice customers
 
2,683
 
2,646
 
2,714
 
2,768
 
2,712
Delivery service to NYPA customers and others
 
602
 
625
 
600
 
610
 
623
Other operating revenues
 
47
 
143
 
101
 
324
 
289
Total Deliveries in Franchise Area
 
$8,131
 
$8,437
 
$8,172
 
$8,106

$7,972
Average Revenue per kWh Sold (Cents)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Residential
 
27.0
 
28.9
 
26.3
 
24.9
 
25.3
Commercial and Industrial
 
20.6
 
22.1
 
20.6
 
19.1
 
19.7

For further discussion of the company’s electric operating revenues and its electric results, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional segment information, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Electric Peak Demand
The electric peak demand in CECONY’s service area occurs during the summer air conditioning season.The weather during the summer of 2017 was cooler than design conditions. CECONY’s 2017 service area peak demand was 12,321 MW, which occurred on July 20, 2017. “Design weather” for the electric system is a standard to which the actual peak demand is adjusted for evaluation and planning purposes. Since NYISO-invoked demand reduction programs can be called upon under specific circumstances, design conditions do not include these programs’ potential impact. However, the CECONY forecasted peak demand at design conditions does include the impact of certain demand reduction programs. The company estimates that, under design weather conditions, the 2018 service area peak demand will be 13,300 MW. The company forecasts an average annual growth in electric peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years to be approximately 0.1 percent per year.

Electric Supply
Most of the electricity sold by CECONY to its full-service customers in 2017 was purchased under firm power contracts or through the wholesale electricity market administered by the NYISO. The company expects that these resources will again be adequate to meet the requirements of its customers in 2018. The company plans to meet its continuing obligation to supply electricity to its customers through a combination of electricity purchased under contracts, purchased through the NYISO’s wholesale electricity market, or generated from its electricity generating facilities. For information about the company’s contracts for approximately 803 MW of electric generating capacity, see Notes I and O to the financial statements in Item 8. To reduce the volatility of its customers’ electric energy costs, the company has contracts to purchase electric energy and enters into derivative transactions to hedge the costs of a portion of its expected purchases under these contracts and through the NYISO’s wholesale electricity market.
CECONY owns generating stations in New York City associated primarily with its steam system. As of December 31, 2017, the generating stations had a combined electric capacity of approximately 732 MW, based on 2017 summer test ratings. For information about electric generating capacity owned by the company, see “Electric Operations – Electric Facilities – Generating Facilities,” above.
In general, the Utilities recover their purchased power costs, including the cost of hedging purchase prices, pursuant to rate provisions approved by the state public utility regulatory authority having jurisdiction. See “Financial

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
21



and Commodity Market Risks – Commodity Price Risk” in Item 7 and “Recoverable Energy Costs” in Note A to the financial statements in Item 8. From time to time, certain parties have petitioned the NYSPSC to review these provisions, the elimination of which could have a material adverse effect on the Companies’ financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
CECONY monitors the adequacy of the electric capacity resources and related developments in its service area, and works with other parties on long-term resource adequacy within the framework of the NYISO. In addition, the NYISO has adopted reliability rules that include obligations on transmission owners (such as CECONY) to construct facilities that may be needed for system reliability if the market does not solve a reliability need identified by the NYISO. See “New York Independent System Operator,” above. In a July 1998 order, the NYSPSC indicated that it “agree(s) generally that CECONY need not plan on constructing new generation as the competitive market develops,” but considers “overly broad” and did not adopt CECONY’s request for a declaration that, solely with respect to providing generating capacity, it will no longer be required to engage in long-range planning to meet potential demand and, in particular, that it will no longer have the obligation to construct new generating facilities, regardless of the market price of capacity.
In November 2012, the NYSPSC directed CECONY to work with NYPA to develop a contingency plan to address reliability concerns associated with the potential closure of the nuclear power plant at the Indian Point Energy Center (which is owned by Entergy Corporation subsidiaries). In October 2013, the NYSPSC approved three transmission projects and several energy efficiency, demand reduction and combined heat and power programs to address concerns associated with the potential closure. The transmission projects were placed into service in May 2016. See “Con Edison Transmission,” below. In February 2014, CECONY submitted to the NYSPSC the implementation plan for the energy efficiency, demand reduction and combined heat and power programs. In January 2017, New York State officials announced that, under an agreement reached with Entergy, one of the two nuclear reactors at Indian Point is scheduled to shut down by April 2020, while the other is scheduled to be closed a year later. On November 13, 2017, the NYISO indicated that Entergy completed its Generator Deactivation Notice for proposed retirements of the two nuclear reactors. On December 13, 2017, the NYISO completed its Deactivation Assessment of Indian Point pursuant to the requirements of its Open Access Transmission Tariff. It concluded that over its ten-year planning period, through 2027, there is no anticipated reliability need if the following three expected units finalize construction and enter service: Bayonne Energy Center II Uprate (Zone J, 120 MW); CPV Valley Energy Center (Zone G, 678 MW); and Cricket Valley Energy Center (Zone G, 1,020 MW).  With these results, the NYISO states that Indian Point has satisfied the applicable requirements with respect to the Generator Deactivation Processes and may retire the units on or after the requested deactivation dates.



22
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017





Gas Operations
Gas Facilities
CECONY’s capitalized costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, for gas facilities, which are primarily distribution facilities, were $6,403 million and $5,749 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Natural gas is delivered by pipeline to CECONY at various points in or near its service territory and is distributed to customers by the company through an estimated 4,395 miles of mains and 371,236 service lines. The company owns a natural gas liquefaction facility and storage tank at its Astoria property in Queens, New York. The plant can store 1,062 MDt of which a maximum of about 240 MDt can be withdrawn per day. The company has about 1,226 MDt of additional natural gas storage capacity at a field in upstate New York, owned and operated by Honeoye Storage Corporation, a corporation 71.2 percent owned by CET Gas and 28.8 percent owned by CECONY.

Gas Sales and Deliveries
The company generally recovers the cost of the gas that it buys and then sells to its full-service customers. It does not make any margin or profit on the gas it sells. CECONY’s gas revenues are subject to a weather normalization clause and a revenue decoupling mechanism. As a result, its gas delivery revenues are generally not affected by changes in delivery volumes from levels assumed when rates were approved. CECONY’s gas sales and deliveries for the last five years were:
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013
2014

2015
2016

2017

Gas Delivered (MDt)
 
 
 
 
 
Firm Sales
 
 
 
 
 
Full service
67,007
75,630
77,197
75,892
83,005
Firm transportation of customer-owned gas
61,139
68,731
72,864
68,442
71,353
Total Firm Sales
128,146
144,361
150,061
144,334
154,358
Interruptible Sales (a)
10,900
10,498
6,332
8,957
7,553
Total Gas Delivered to CECONY Customers
139,046
154,859
156,393
153,291
161,911
Transportation of customer-owned gas
 
 
 
 
 
NYPA
48,682
47,548
44,038
43,101
37,033
Other (mainly generating plants and interruptible transportation)
87,379
105,012
104,857
109,000
83,117
Off-System Sales
4,638
15
389

55
Total Sales
279,745
307,434
305,677
305,392
282,116
Gas Delivered ($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Firm Sales
 
 
 
 
 
Full service
$1,059
$1,141
$956
$933
$1,136
Firm transportation of customer-owned gas
414
453
458
426
524
Total Firm Sales
1,473
1,594
1,414
1,359
1,660
Interruptible Sales
69
91
46
34
35
Total Gas Delivered to CECONY Customers
1,542
1,685
1,460
1,393
1,695
Transportation of customer-owned gas
 
 
 
NYPA
2
2
2
2
2
Other (mainly generating plants and interruptible transportation)
71
70
54
57
56
Off-System Sales
18

1


Other operating revenues (mainly regulatory amortizations)
(17)
(36)
11
56
148
Total Sales
$1,616
$1,721
$1,528
$1,508
$1,901
Average Revenue per Dt Sold
 
 
 
Residential
$18.52
$16.76
$13.91
$13.96
$15.35
General
$12.05
$12.38
$9.73
$9.47
$10.86
(a)
Includes 5,362, 6,057, 1,229, 4,708 and 3,816 MDt for 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively, which are also reflected in firm transportation and other.
For further discussion of the company’s gas operating revenues and its gas results, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional segment information, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.


CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
23



Gas Peak Demand
The gas peak demand for firm sales customers in CECONY’s service area occurs during the winter heating season.The peak day demand during the winter 2017/2018 (through January 31, 2018) occurred on January 6, 2018 when the demand reached 1,410 MDt. “Design weather” for the gas system is a standard to which the actual peak demand is adjusted for evaluation and planning purposes. The company estimates that, under design weather conditions, the 2018/2019 service area peak day demand will be 1,565 MDt. The forecasted peak day demand at design conditions does not include gas used by interruptible gas customers including electric and steam generating stations. The company forecasts an average annual growth of the gas peak demand over the next five years at design conditions to be approximately 1.2 percent in its service area. The company is seeking to expand gas energy efficiency and demand response programs, develop programs to encourage alternatives to gas heating and has issued a request for proposals for non-pipeline solutions to an identified gas pipeline need. See “Utility Regulation – Reforming the Energy Vision," above.

Gas Supply
CECONY and O&R have combined their gas requirements, and contracts to meet those requirements, into a single portfolio. The combined portfolio is administered by, and related management services are provided by, CECONY (for itself and as agent for O&R) and costs are allocated between the Utilities in accordance with provisions approved by the NYSPSC. See Note S to the financial statements in Item 8.
Charges from suppliers for the firm purchase of gas, which are based on formulas or indexes or are subject to negotiation, are generally designed to approximate market prices. The Utilities have contracts with interstate pipeline companies for the purchase of firm transportation from upstream points where gas has been purchased to the Utilities’ distribution systems, and for upstream storage services. Charges under these transportation and storage contracts are approved by the FERC. The Utilities are required to pay certain fixed charges under the supply, transportation and storage contracts whether or not the contracted capacity is actually used. These fixed charges amounted to approximately $306 million in 2017, including $268 million for CECONY. See “Contractual Obligations,” below. At December 31, 2017, the contracts were for various terms extending to 2020 for supply and 2038 for transportation and storage. During 2017, CECONY entered into four new transportation and storage contracts. In addition, the Utilities purchase gas on the spot market and contract for interruptible gas transportation. See “Recoverable Energy Costs” in Note A, Note P and Note S to the financial statements in Item 8.

Steam Operations
Steam Facilities
CECONY’s capitalized costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, for steam facilities, including steam's portion of the steam-electric generation facilities, were $1,798 million and $1,882 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. See "CECONY – Electric Operations – Electric Facilities," above.
CECONY generates steam at one steam-electric generating station and four steam-only generating stations and distributes steam to its customers through approximately 104 miles of transmission, distribution and service piping.

Steam Sales and Deliveries
CECONY’s steam sales and deliveries for the last five years were:
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Steam Sold (MMlb)
 
 
 
 
 
General
547
594
538
465
490
Apartment house
6,181
6,574
6,272
5,792
5,754
Annual power
15,195
15,848
15,109
13,722
13,166
Total Steam Delivered to CECONY Customers
21,923
23,016
21,919
19,979
19,410
Steam Sold ($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
General
$31
$30
$29
$23
$26
Apartment house
187
180
176
148
158
Annual power
491
469
453
378
392
Other operating revenues
(26)
(51)
(29)
2
19
Total Steam Delivered to CECONY Customers
$683
$628
$629
$551
$595
Average Revenue per MMlb Sold
$32.34
$29.50
$30.02
$27.48
$29.68

24
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




For further discussion of the company’s steam operating revenues and its steam results, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional segment information, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Steam Peak Demand and Capacity
Demand for steam in CECONY’s service area peaks during the winter heating season. The one-hour peak demand during the winter of 2017/2018 (through January 31, 2018) occurred on January 5, 2018 when the demand reached 7.9 MMlb per hour. “Design weather” for the steam system is a standard to which the actual peak demand is adjusted for evaluation and planning purposes. The company’s estimate for the winter of 2018/2019 peak demand of its steam customers is about 9.0 MMlb per hour under design conditions. The company forecasts an average annual decrease in steam peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years to be approximately 0.5 percent.
On December 31, 2017, the steam system was capable of delivering approximately 11.6 MMlb of steam per hour, and CECONY estimates that the system will have the same capability in the 2018/2019 winter.

Steam Supply
35 percent of the steam produced by CECONY in 2017 was supplied by the company’s steam-only generating assets; 48 percent was produced by the company’s steam-electric generating assets, where steam and electricity are primarily cogenerated; and 17 percent was purchased under an agreement with Brooklyn Navy Yard Cogeneration Partners L.P.

O&R
Electric Operations
Electric Facilities
O&R’s capitalized costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, for distribution facilities were $963 million and $916 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. For its transmission facilities, the costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation, were $220 million and $221 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
O&R and RECO own, in whole or in part, transmission and distribution facilities which include 532 circuit miles of transmission lines, 15 transmission substations, 62 distribution substations, 85,835 in-service line transformers, 3,743 pole miles of overhead distribution lines and 2,138 miles of underground distribution lines. O&R’s transmission system is part of the NYISO system except that portions of RECO’s system are located within the transmission area controlled by PJM.

Electric Sales and Deliveries
O&R delivers electricity to its full-service customers who purchase electricity from the company. The company also delivers electricity to its customers who purchase electricity from other suppliers through the company’s retail choice program.
The company charges all customers in its service area for the delivery of electricity. O&R generally recovers, on a current basis, the cost of the electricity that it buys and then sells to its full-service customers. It does not make any margin or profit on the electricity it sells. O&R’s New York electric revenues (which accounted for 76 percent of O&R’s electric revenues in 2017) are subject to a revenue decoupling mechanism. As a result, O&R’s New York electric delivery revenues are generally not affected by changes in delivery volumes from levels assumed when rates were approved. O&R’s electric sales in New Jersey are not subject to a decoupling mechanism. O&R’s electric sales and deliveries for the last five years were:

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
25



 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Electric Energy Delivered (millions of kWh)
 
 
 
 
 
Total deliveries to O&R full service customers
2,555
2,429
2,499
2,555
2,435
Delivery service for retail choice customers
3,166
3,240
3,237
3,180
2,976
Total Deliveries In Franchise Area
5,721
5,669
5,736
5,735
5,411
Electric Energy Delivered ($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Total deliveries to O&R full service customers
$427
$455
$441
$426
$433
Delivery service for retail choice customers
192
207
213
213
201
Other operating revenues
9
18
9
(2)
8
Total Deliveries In Franchise Area
$628
$680
$663
$637
$642
Average Revenue Per kWh Sold (Cents)
 
 
 
 
 
Residential
18.1
20.3
19.2
18.4
19.8
Commercial and Industrial
14.8
16.8
15.4
14.3
15.0
For further discussion of the company’s electric operating revenues and its electric results, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional segment information, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Electric Peak Demand
The electric peak demand in O&R’s service area occurs during the summer air conditioning season.The weather during the summer of 2017 was cooler than design conditions. O&R’s 2017 service area peak demand was 1,410 MW, which occurred on June 13, 2017. “Design weather” for the electric system is a standard to which the actual peak demand is adjusted for evaluation and planning purposes. Since the NYISO can invoke demand reduction programs under specific circumstances, design conditions do not include these programs’ potential impact. However, the O&R forecasted peak demand at design conditions does include the impact of certain demand reduction programs. The company estimates that, under design weather conditions, the 2018 service area peak demand will be 1,620 MW. The company forecasts an average annual growth in electric peak demand in its service area at design conditions over the next five years to be flat every year.

Electric Supply
The electricity O&R sold to its full-service customers in 2017 was purchased under firm power contracts or through the wholesale electricity market. The company expects that these resources will again be adequate to meet the requirements of its customers in 2018. O&R does not own any electric generating capacity. The company plans to meet its continuing obligation to supply electricity to its customers through a combination of electricity purchased under contracts or purchased through the wholesale electricity market. To reduce the volatility of its customers’ electric energy costs, the company has contracts to purchase electric energy and enters into derivative transactions to hedge the costs of a portion of its expected purchases. For information about the company’s contracts, see Note O to the financial statements in Item 8.
In general, the Utilities recover their purchased power costs, including the cost of hedging purchase prices, pursuant to rate provisions approved by the state public utility regulatory authority having jurisdiction. See “Financial and Commodity Market Risks – Commodity Price Risk,” in Item 7 and “Recoverable Energy Costs” in Note A to the financial statements in Item 8. From time to time, certain parties have petitioned the NYSPSC to review these provisions, the elimination of which could have a material adverse effect on the Companies’ financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Gas Operations
Gas Facilities
O&R’s capitalized costs for utility plant, net of accumulated depreciation for gas facilities, which are primarily distribution facilities, were $573 million and $536 million at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Natural gas is delivered by pipeline to O&R at various points in or near its service territory and is distributed to customers by the company through an estimated 1,876 miles of mains and 105,265 service lines.


26
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Gas Sales and Deliveries
O&R generally recovers the cost of the gas that it buys and then sells to its full-service customers. It does not make any margin or profit on the gas it sells. O&R’s gas revenues are subject to a weather normalization clause. O&R’s New York gas revenues (which have accounted for substantially all of O&R’s gas revenues) are subject to a revenue decoupling mechanism. As a result, its gas delivery revenues are generally not affected by changes in delivery volumes from levels assumed when rates were approved. O&R’s gas sales and deliveries for the last five years were:
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013

2014
2015
2016
2017
Gas Delivered (MDt)
 
 
 
 
 
Firm Sales
 
 
 
 
 
Full service
8,808
9,529
9,348
9,723
10,480
Firm transportation
12,062
12,592
11,752
10,381
9,873
Total Firm Sales
20,870
22,121
21,100
20,104
20,353
Interruptible Sales
4,118
4,216
4,205
3,853
3,771
Total Gas Delivered to O&R Customers
24,988
26,337
25,305
23,957
24,124
Transportation of customer-owned gas
 
 
 
 
 
Sales for resale
885
945
906
867
896
Sales to electric generating stations
19
70
25
18
9
Off-System Sales

3
62
16
6
Total Sales
25,892
27,355
26,298
24,858
25,035
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013

2014
2015

2016

2017

Gas Delivered ($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Firm Sales
 
 
 
 
 
Full service
$115
$121
$91
$99
$139
Firm transportation
77
75
68
70
74
Total Firm Sales
192
196
159
169
213
Interruptible Sales
3
2
3
3
7
Total Gas Delivered to O&R Customers
195
198
162
172
220
Transportation of customer-owned gas
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to electric generating stations

1



Other operating revenues
10
13
20
12
12
Total Sales
$205
$212
$182
$184
$232
Average Revenue Per Dt Sold
 
 
 
 
 
Residential
$13.31
$13.01
$10.11
$10.71
$13.86
General
$11.53
$11.30
$8.24
$8.17
$11.08
For further discussion of the company’s gas operating revenues and its gas results, see “Results of Operations” in Item 7. For additional segment information, see Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Gas Peak Demand
The gas peak demand for firm sales customers in O&R’s service area occurs during the winter heating season.The peak day demand during the winter 2017/2018 (through January 31, 2018) occurred on January 6, 2018 when the demand reached 211 MDt. “Design weather” for the gas system is a standard to which the actual peak demand is adjusted for evaluation and planning purposes. The company estimates that, under design weather conditions, the 2018/2019 service area peak day demand will be 223 MDt. The forecasted peak day demand at design conditions does not include gas used by interruptible gas customers including electric generating stations. The company forecasts an average annual growth of the gas peak demand over the next five years at design conditions to be approximately 0.3 percent in its service area.

Gas Supply
O&R and CECONY have combined their gas requirements and purchase contracts to meet those requirements into a single portfolio. See “CECONY – Gas Operations – Gas Supply” above.


CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
27



Clean Energy Businesses
Con Edison Development
Con Edison Development develops, owns and operates renewable and energy infrastructure projects. The company focuses its efforts on renewable electric production projects, and at the end of 2016 was the fifth largest owner of operating photovoltaic solar capacity in North America. The output of most of the projects is sold under long-term power purchase agreements (PPA) with utilities and municipalities. The following table shows the generating capacity (MW AC) of Con Edison Development's renewable electric production projects in operation at the end of the last five years:
Generating Capacity (MW AC)
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Renewable electric production projects
292
446
748
1,098
1,358
The following table provides information about the projects the company has in operation and/or in construction at December 31, 2017:
Project Name
Production
Technology
Generating
Capacity (a)
(MW AC)
Purchased Power Agreement (PPA)Term (In Years) (b)
Actual/Expected
In-Service Date (c)
Location
(State)
Wholly owned projects





Pilesgrove
Solar
18
(d)
2011
New Jersey
Flemington Solar
Solar
8
(d)
2011
New Jersey
Frenchtown I, II and III
Solar
14
(d)
2011-13
New Jersey
PA Solar
Solar
10

2012
Pennsylvania
California Solar 2 (e)
Solar
80
20
2014-16
California
Oak Tree Wind
Wind
20
20
2014
South Dakota
Texas Solar 3
Solar
6
25
2015
Texas
Texas Solar 5 (e)
Solar
95
25
2015
Texas
Campbell County Wind
Wind
95
30
2015
South Dakota
Texas Solar 7 (e)
Solar
106
25
2016
Texas
California Solar 3 (e)
Solar
110
20
2016
California
Adams Wind (e)
Wind
23
7
2016
Minnesota
Valley View (e)
Wind
10
14
2016
Minnesota
Coram (e)
Wind
102
16
2016
California
Upton County Solar (e)
Solar
158
25
2017
Texas
Panoche Valley (partial)
Solar
62
20
2017
California
Projects of less than 5 MW
Solar / Wind
30
Various
Various
Various
Jointly owned projects (e) (f)





California Solar
Solar
55
25
2012-13
California
Mesquite Solar 1
Solar
83
20
2013
Arizona
Copper Mountain Solar 2
Solar
75
25
2013-15
Nevada
Copper Mountain Solar 3
Solar
128
20
2014-15
Nevada
Broken Bow II
Wind
38
25
2014
Nebraska
Texas Solar 4
Solar
32
25
2014
Texas
Total MW (AC) in Operation

1,358



Panoche Valley (partial)
Solar
178
20
2018
California
Big Timber
Wind
25
25
2018
Montana
Total MW (AC) in Construction

203



Total MW (AC), All Projects

1,561



(a)
Represents Con Edison Development’s ownership interest in the project.
(b)
Represents PPA contractual term or remaining term from Con Edison Development’s date of acquisition.
(c)
Represents Actual/Expected In-Service Date or Con Edison Development's date of acquisition.
(d)
Solar Renewable Energy Credit hedges are in place, in lieu of PPAs, through 2021.
(e)
Project has been pledged as security for debt financing.
(f)
All of the jointly-owned projects are 50 percent owned, except for Texas Solar 4 (which is 80 percent owned). See Note Q to the financial statements in Item 8.





28
CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Con Edison Development's renewable electric production volumes generated for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared with the 2016 period were:
  
Millions of kWh Generated
  
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
Description
2017
2016
Variation
Percent Variation

Renewable electric production projects
 
 
 
 
Solar
2,158
1,565
593
37.9
%
Wind
988
651
337
51.8
%
Total
3,146
2,216
930
42.0
%

In May 2017, Con Edison Development sold a development-stage solar electric production project for $11 million and agreed to perform engineering, procurement and construction for the project (see Note U to the financial statements in Item 8).

Con Edison Energy
Con Edison Energy provides services to manage the dispatch, fuel requirements and risk management activities for 7,040 MW of generating plants and merchant transmission in the northeastern United States owned by unrelated parties and manages energy supply assets leased from others. The company also provides wholesale hedging and risk management services to renewable electric production projects owned by Con Edison Development and Con Edison Solutions.

Con Edison Solutions
Con Edison Solutions provides energy-efficiency services to government and commercial customers. The services include the design and installation of lighting retrofits, high-efficiency heating, ventilating and air conditioning equipment and other energy saving technologies. The company is compensated for its services based primarily on the increased energy efficiency of the installed equipment over a multi-year period. Con Edison Solutions has won competitive solicitations for energy savings contracts with the United States Department of Energy and the United States Department of Defense, and a shared energy savings contract with the United States Postal Service. The company also develops, owns and operates behind-the-meter renewable energy projects, predominately in Massachusetts and New York, with an aggregate capacity of 45 MW (AC).
In September 2016, Con Edison Solutions sold its retail electric supply business to a subsidiary of Exelon Corporation for cash consideration of $235 million. In addition, Con Edison received $23 million in cash as a working capital adjustment in February 2017. The retail electric supply business primarily sold electricity to industrial, commercial and governmental customers in the northeastern United States and Texas and also sold electricity to residential and small commercial customers (mass retail market) in the northeastern United States. See Note U to the financial statements in Item 8. Con Edison Solutions’ electricity sales for the last five years were:
 
2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Retail electric volumes sold (millions of kWh)
12,167

11,871

13,594

9,843



For information about the Clean Energy Businesses' results, see "Results of Operations" in Item 7 and Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.

Con Edison Transmission
CET Electric
CET Electric owns a 45.7 percent interest in New York Transco LLC (NY Transco). Affiliates of certain other New York transmission owners own the remaining interests.
NY Transco's existing projects include three (called the TOTS Projects) that the NYSPSC approved in October 2013 in its proceeding to address potential needs that could arise should the Indian Point Energy Center (which is owned by Entergy Corporation subsidiaries) no longer be able to operate. The TOTS Projects include the two projects that CECONY developed and transferred to the NY Transco (see Note U to the financial statements in Item 8) and one project that another regulated affiliate of NY Transco developed. See “CECONY – Electric Operations – Electric Supply,” above.

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In April 2015, FERC issued an order granting certain transmission incentives for NY Transco projects. In March 2016, the FERC approved a November 2015 settlement agreement that provides, in relation to the TOTS projects, for a 10 percent return on common equity (and/or 9.5 percent for capital costs in excess of $228 million incurred for initial commercial operation) and a maximum common equity ratio of 53 percent. The costs of the projects are allocated across New York State, with 63 percent to load serving entities in the CECONY and O&R service areas.
In December 2015, the NYSPSC issued an order in its competitive proceeding to select transmission projects that would relieve transmission congestion between upstate and downstate. The NYSPSC determined that there is a public policy need for new transmission to address the congestion, such as a project ($1,000 million estimated cost) proposed on behalf of NY Transco. This NY Transco project, would be developed, at least initially, by National Grid and NY Transco. The NYSPSC also directed certain developers, including NY Transco, to submit project(s) to the NYISO. The NYISO evaluated the submitted projects under its FERC-approved public policy planning process and, in October 2016, submitted its list of viable and sufficient projects (including the NY Transco project) to the NYSPSC for its determination as to whether the transmission need still exists. In January 2017, the NYSPSC found that the public policy need still exists, asking the NYISO to proceed with selection. The NYISO may select one or more of the viable and sufficient projects for development. In November 2017, FERC approved an August 2017 settlement agreement that provides for a 10.65 percent return on common equity (subject to a cost containment mechanism) and a maximum common equity ratio of 53 percent. Under the settlement agreement, the costs of the projects are allocated across New York State, with approximately 84 percent to load serving entities in the CECONY and O&R service areas. The cost of the project(s) selected by the NYISO would be recoverable through the NYISO’s tariff.

CET Gas
CET Gas, through its subsidiaries, owns a 50 percent interest in Stagecoach Gas Services LLC (Stagecoach), a 71.2 percent interest in Honeoye Storage Corporation (Honeoye) and a 12.5 percent ownership interest in Mountain Valley Pipeline LLC (MVP). Stagecoach is a joint venture with a subsidiary of Crestwood Equity Partners LP (Crestwood) to own, operate and further develop a gas pipeline and storage business located in northern Pennsylvania and southern New York. Stagecoach provides services to its customers (including CECONY, see Note S to the financial statements in Item 8) through its 181 miles of pipe and 41 Bcf of storage capacity. Honeoye, in which CECONY owns the remaining interest, operates a gas storage facility in upstate New York. MVP is a joint venture with four other partners developing a proposed 300-mile gas transmission project in West Virginia and Virginia. In October 2017, FERC issued a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity for the Mountain Valley Pipeline. Environmental groups have filed a rehearing request with FERC and petitioned the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia for review of the FERC's order issuing the certificate. In February 2018, the court denied their requests to stay commencement of construction until after these matters relating to the FERC’s order had been decided. MVP has indicated that the project has an estimated total cost of $3,000 million to $3,500 million, and is targeted to be fully in-service during the fourth quarter of 2018. See Note S and Note U to the financial statements in Item 8.

For information about Con Edison Transmission's results, see "Results of Operations" in Item 7 and Note N to the financial statements in Item 8.


















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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Capital Requirements and Resources
Capital Requirements
The following table contains the Companies’ capital requirements for the years 2015 through 2017 and their current estimate of amounts for 2018 through 2020:
  
Actual
Estimate
(Millions of Dollars)
2015

2016
2017

2018

2019

2020

CECONY (a)(b)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electric
$1,658
$1,819
$1,905
$1,933
$1,868
$1,894
Gas
671
811
909
970
970
1,015
Steam
106
126
90
105
95
87
Sub-total
2,435
2,756
2,904
3,008
2,933
2,996
O&R
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electric
114
114
128
139
146
137
Gas
46
52
61
62
56
53
Sub-total
160
166
189
201
202
190
Con Edison Transmission
 
 
 
 
 
 
CET Electric

51




CET Gas

1,027
66
360
14

Sub-total

1,078
66
360
14

Clean Energy Businesses
823
1,235
447
400
400
400
Total capital expenditures
3,418
5,235
3,606
3,969
3,549
3,586
Retirement of long-term securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Con Edison – parent company
2
2
402
2
3
402
CECONY
350
650

1,200
475
350
O&R
143
79
4
55
62

Clean Energy Businesses
4
4
28
41
38
39
Total retirement of long-term securities
499
735
434
1,298
578
791
Total capital requirements
$3,917
$5,970
$4,040
$5,267
$4,127
$4,377
(a)
CECONY’s capital expenditures for environmental protection facilities and related studies were $224 million, $259 million and $381 million in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively, and are estimated to be $426 million in 2018.
(b)
Amounts shown do not include amounts for the energy efficiency, demand reduction and combined heat and power programs.

The Utilities have an ongoing need to make substantial capital investments primarily to maintain the reliability of their electric, gas and steam delivery systems. Their estimated construction expenditures also reflect programs that will give customers greater control over their energy usage and bills, help integrate customers' new clean energy technologies into the Utilities’ electric delivery systems and accelerate the replacement of leak-prone gas distribution mains and service lines.

Estimated capital expenditures for Con Edison Transmission primarily reflect planned investments in the MVP gas transmission project. Estimated capital expenditures for the Clean Energy Businesses primarily reflect planned investments in renewable electric production projects. Actual capital expenditures for Con Edison Transmission and the Clean Energy Businesses could increase or decrease significantly from the amounts estimated depending on opportunities.

Contractual Obligations
The following table summarizes the Companies’ material obligations at December 31, 2017 to make payments pursuant to contracts. Long-term debt, capital lease obligations and other noncurrent liabilities are included on their balance sheets. Operating leases and electricity purchase agreements (for which undiscounted future annual payments are shown) are described in the notes to the financial statements.

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31



  
Payments Due by Period
(Millions of Dollars)
Total
1 year
or less
Years
2 & 3

Years
4 & 5

After 5
years

Long-term debt (Statement of Capitalization)
 


 
 
CECONY
$13,386
$1,200
$825

$—

$11,361
O&R
666
55
62

549
Clean Energy Businesses
915
41
77
82
715
Parent
1,204
2
405
797

Interest on long-term debt (a)
13,314
734
1,258
1,179
10,143
Total long-term debt, including interest
29,485
2,032
2,627
2,058
22,768
Capital lease obligations (Note J)
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY
1
1



Total capital lease obligations
1
1



Operating leases (Notes J and Q)
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY
918
55
111
107
645
O&R
5
1
3
1

Clean Energy Businesses
133
7
12
13
101
Total operating leases
1,056
63
126
121
746
Purchase obligations
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity purchase power agreements – Utilities (Note I)
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY
 
 
 
 
 
Energy
2,136
96
197
204
1,639
Capacity (b)
1,338
255
309
118
656
Total CECONY
3,474
351
506
322
2,295
O&R
 
 
 
 
 
Energy and Capacity (b)
126
63
62
1

Total electricity and purchase power agreements – Utilities
3,600
414
568
323
2,295
Natural gas supply, transportation, and storage contracts – Utilities (c)
 
 
 
 
CECONY
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas supply
227
186
41


Transportation and storage
3,197
260
588
545
1,804
Total CECONY
3,424
446
629
545
1,804
O&R
 
 
 
 
 
Natural gas supply
35
28
7


Transportation and storage
486
40
89
83
274
Total O&R
521
68
96
83
274
Total natural gas supply, transportation and storage contracts
3,945
514
725
628
2,078
Other purchase obligations
 
 
 
 
 
CECONY (d)
5,192
1,421
2,287
1,460
24
O&R (d)
300
88
99
50
63
Clean Energy Businesses (e)
243
204
33
3
3
Total other purchase obligations
5,735
1,713
2,419
1,513
90
Total
$43,822
$4,737
$6,465
$4,643
$27,977
(a)
Includes interest on variable rate debt calculated at rates in effect at December 31, 2017.
(b)
Included in these amounts is the cost of minimum quantities of energy that the company is obligated to purchase at both fixed and variable prices.
(c)
Included in these amounts is the cost of minimum quantities of natural gas supply, transportation and storage that the Utilities are obligated to purchase at both fixed and variable prices.
(d)
Amounts shown for other purchase obligations, which reflect capital and operations and maintenance costs incurred by the Utilities in running their day-to-day operations, were derived from the Utilities’ purchasing system as the difference between the amounts authorized and the amounts paid (or vouchered to be paid) for each obligation. For many of these obligations, the Utilities are committed to purchase less than the amount authorized. Payments for the “Other Purchase Obligations” are generally assumed to be made ratably over the term of the obligations. The Utilities believe that unreasonable effort and expense would be involved to enable them to report their “Other Purchase Obligations” in a different manner.
(e)
Amounts represent commitments to purchase minimum quantities of electric energy and capacity, renewable energy certificates, natural gas, natural gas pipeline capacity, energy efficiency services and construction services entered into by the Clean Energy Businesses.


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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




The Companies’ commitments to make payments in addition to these contractual commitments include their other liabilities reflected in their balance sheets, any funding obligations for their pension and other postretirement benefit plans, financial hedging activities, their collective bargaining agreements and Con Edison’s guarantees of certain obligations of the Clean Energy Businesses and CET – Electric. See Notes E, F, O and “Guarantees” in Note H to the financial statements in Item 8.
Capital Resources
Con Edison is a holding company that operates only through its subsidiaries and has no material assets other than its interests in its subsidiaries. Con Edison finances its capital requirements primarily through internally-generated funds and the sale of its securities. Con Edison’s ability to make payments on external borrowings and dividends on its common shares depends on receipt of dividends from its subsidiaries or proceeds from the sale of its securities or its interests in its subsidiaries. See "Con Edison's Ability To Pay Dividends Or Interest Depends On Dividends From Its Subsidiaries" in Item 1A.
For information about restrictions on the payment of dividends by the Utilities and significant debt covenants, see Note C to the financial statements in Item 8.
For information on the Companies’ commercial paper program and revolving credit agreements with banks, see Note D to the financial statements in Item 8.
The Companies require access to the capital markets to fund capital requirements that are substantially in excess of available internally-generated funds. See “Capital Requirements,” above and "The Companies Require Access to Capital Markets to Satisfy Funding Requirements” in Item 1A. Each of the Companies believes that it will continue to be able to access capital, although capital market conditions may affect the timing and cost of the Companies’ financing activities. The Companies monitor the availability and costs of various forms of capital, and will seek to issue Con Edison common stock and other securities when it is necessary or advantageous to do so. For information about the Companies’ long-term debt and short-term borrowing, see Notes C and D to the financial statements in Item 8.

Con Edison plans to meet its 2018 capital requirements through internally-generated funds and the issuance of securities. The company's plans include the issuance of between $1,300 million and $1,800 million of long-term debt at the Utilities, and the issuance of additional debt secured by its renewable electric production projects. The plans also include the issuance of up to $450 million of common equity in addition to equity under its dividend reinvestment, employee stock purchase and long term incentive plans. The plans do not reflect the provision to the Utilities’ customers of any TCJA benefits that the NYSPSC and the NJBPU may require to be provided. See “Changes to Tax Laws Could Adversely Affect the Companies” in Item 1A, “Other Regulatory Matters” in Note B and Note L to the financial statements in Item 8.

The Utilities finance their operations, capital requirements and payment of dividends to Con Edison from internally-generated funds, contributions of equity capital from Con Edison, if any, and external borrowings. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" in Item 7.
In 2016, the NYSPSC authorized CECONY, through 2019, to issue up to $5,200 million of debt securities ($2,500 million of which the company had issued as of December 31, 2017). In 2017, the NYSPSC authorized O&R, through 2021, to issue up to $310 million of debt securities (none of which the company had issued as of December 31, 2017). The NYSPSC also authorized CECONY and O&R for such periods to issue up to $2,500 million and $150 million, respectively, of debt securities to refund existing debt securities. At December 31, 2017, the Utilities had not refunded any securities pursuant to this authorization.
The Clean Energy Businesses have financed their operations and capital requirements primarily with capital contributions and borrowings from Con Edison, internally-generated funds and external borrowings. Con Edison Transmission has financed its operations and capital requirements primarily with capital contributions and borrowings from Con Edison and internally-generated funds. See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" in Item 7.
For each of the Companies, the ratio of earnings to fixed charges (SEC basis) for the last five years was:
 
Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
 
2013

 
2014

2015

2016

2017

Con Edison
3.0

(a)
3.6

3.5

3.6

3.6

CECONY
3.7

 
3.8

3.6

3.6

3.7

(a)
Reflects $95 million after-tax charge to earnings relating to Con Edison Development’s LILO transactions that were terminated in 2013.

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
33



For each of the Companies, the common equity ratio for the last five years was:
 
Common Equity Ratio
(Percent of total capitalization)
 
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Con Edison
54.0
52.2
52.1
49.3
51.1
CECONY
53.8
50.9
51.4
49.5
50.8
At December 31, 2017, the credit ratings assigned by Moody’s, S&P and Fitch to the senior unsecured debt and commercial paper of Con Edison, CECONY and O&R were as follows:

 
Moody's
S&P
Fitch
Con Edison
 
 
 
Senior Unsecured Debt
A3
BBB+
BBB+
Commercial Paper
P-2
A-2
F2
CECONY
 
 
 
Senior Unsecured Debt
A2
A-
A-
Commercial Paper
P-1
A-2
F2
O&R
 
 
 
Senior Unsecured Debt
A3
A-
A-
Commercial Paper
P-2
A-2
F2

Credit ratings assigned by rating organizations are expressions of opinion and are not recommendations to buy, sell or hold securities. A credit rating is subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization. Each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating. See “The Companies Require Access To Capital Markets To Satisfy Funding Requirements” and “Changes To Tax Laws Could Adversely Affect the Companies” in Item 1A.
CECONY has $636 million of tax-exempt debt for which the interest rates are to be determined pursuant to periodic auctions. Of this amount, $391 million is insured by Ambac Assurance Corporation and $245 million is insured by Syncora Guarantee Inc. (formerly XL Capital Assurance Inc.). Credit rating agencies have withdrawn the ratings of these insurers. Subsequently, there have not been sufficient bids to determine the interest rates pursuant to auctions, and interest rates have been determined by reference to a variable rate index. The weighted average annual interest rate on this tax-exempt debt was 2.05 percent on December 31, 2017. The weighted average interest rate was 1.41 percent, 0.75 percent and 0.14 percent for the years 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Under CECONY’s current electric, gas and steam rate plans, variations in auction rate debt interest expense are reconciled to the levels set in rates.

Environmental Matters
Climate Change
As indicated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), including carbon dioxide, are very likely changing the world’s climate.
Climate change could affect customer demand for the Companies’ energy services. It might also cause physical damage to the Companies’ facilities and disruption of their operations due to more frequent and more extreme weather-related events. In late October 2012, Superstorm Sandy caused extensive damage to the Utilities’ electric distribution system. Superstorm Sandy interrupted service to approximately 1.4 million of the Utilities’ customers – more than four times the number of customers impacted by the Utilities’ previous worst storm event (Hurricane Irene in 2011) and resulted in the Utilities incurring substantial response and restoration costs.
Based on the most recent data (2016) published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Con Edison estimates that its direct GHG emissions constitute less than 0.1 percent of the nation’s GHG emissions. Con Edison’s estimated emissions of GHG during the past five years were:
(Metric tons, in millions (a))
2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

CO2 equivalent emissions
3.4

3.2

3.2

3.1

3.0

(a)
Estimated emissions for 2017 are based on preliminary data and are subject to third-party verification.

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Con Edison’s 50 percent decrease in direct GHG emissions (carbon dioxide, methane and sulfur hexafluoride) from the 2005 baseline (6.0 million metric tons) reflects the emission reductions resulting from equipment and repair projects, reduced steam demand, the increased use of natural gas in lieu of fuel oil at CECONY’s steam production facilities as well as projects to reduce sulfur hexafluoride emissions and to replace gas distribution pipes.
CECONY has participated for several years in voluntary initiatives with the EPA to reduce its methane and sulfur hexafluoride emissions. The Utilities reduce methane emissions from the operation of their gas distribution systems through pipe maintenance and replacement programs, by operating system components at lower pressure and by introducing new technologies to prioritize leak repairs and to reduce losses when work is performed on operating assets. The Utilities reduce emissions of sulfur hexafluoride, which is used for arc suppression in substation circuit breakers and switches, by using improved technologies to locate and repair leaks and by replacing older equipment. The Utilities also actively promote energy efficiency and the use of renewable generation to help their customers’ reduce their GHG emissions.
NYSERDA and New York utilities had been responsible for implementing the Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) established by the NYSPSC through energy efficiency programs designed and managed by NYSERDA and the utilities and authorized by the NYSPSC. CECONY billed customers EEPS surcharges of approximately $103 million in 2015 and 2014 to fund these programs. EEPS authorization ended December 2015. Beginning January 2016, New York utilities have implemented Energy Efficiency Transition Implementation Plans (ETIPs) and are responsible for designing and managing their energy efficiency programs consistent with NYSPSC-approved, utility-specific program budgets and metrics. Effective January 2016, the utilities are recovering the costs of their ETIP programs from their customers primarily through NYSPSC-approved energy efficiency tracker surcharge mechanisms. The Utilities billed customers $99 million and $107 million in 2017 and 2016, respectively, through the tracker surcharge mechanism. Pursuant to CECONY's current electric rate plan, the company will supplement its existing ETIP programs with new energy efficiency, electric vehicle and system peak reduction programs, the cost of which will be reflected in base rates. See Note B to the financial statements in Item 8. The annual budgets of the existing and new programs are approximately $150 million and $208 million in 2018 and 2019, respectively.
Through the Utilities' energy-efficiency programs, customers reduced their annual energy use by approximately 1,578,000 MWh of electricity and 2,141,000 Dt of gas from the programs’ inception in 2009 through 2017, resulting in their avoiding the release of approximately 1,162,000 short tons of GHG into the atmosphere in 2017. In addition, CECONY’s other demand-side management programs assisted customers in reducing their annual energy use by approximately 345,000 MWh of electricity from the programs’ inception in 2004 through 2017, resulting in their avoiding the release of approximately 195,000 short tons of GHG into the atmosphere in 2017.
Emissions are also avoided by renewable electric production facilities replacing fossil-fueled electric production facilities. NYSERDA has been responsible for implementing the renewable portfolio standard (RPS) established by the NYSPSC. NYSERDA has entered into long-term agreements with developers of large renewable electric production facilities and pays them premiums based on the facilities’ electric output. These facilities sell their energy output in the wholesale energy market administered by the NYISO. As a result of the Utilities’ participation in the NYISO wholesale markets, a portion of the Utilities’ NYISO energy purchases are sourced from renewable electric production facilities. NYSERDA also has provided rebates to customers who installed eligible renewable electric production technologies. The electricity produced by such customer-sited renewables generation offsets the energy that the Utilities would otherwise have procured, thereby reducing the amount of electricity produced by non-renewable production facilities. The Utilities billed customers RPS surcharges of $19 million in 2016, (and approximately $697 million cumulatively from 2006) to fund these NYSERDA programs. In March 2016, NYSERDA reported that the statewide environmental benefits of having electricity generated by renewable production facilities from 2006 through 2015, as opposed to the State’s “system-mix,” amounts to approximately 6,700 tons of nitrogen oxides, 12,200 tons of sulfur dioxides and 6.4 million tons of carbon dioxide in reduced emissions over this time period. In January 2016, the NYSPSC approved a 10-year $5,300 million clean energy fund to be managed by NYSERDA under the NYSPSC's supervision. The clean energy fund has four portfolios: market development; innovation and research; NY Green Bank and NY Sun. The Utilities have eliminated the separate RPS tariff and now collect all clean energy fund surcharges through the system benefit charge (including previously authorized RPS, EEPS, Technology and Market Development collections and incremental clean energy fund collections to be collected from electric customers only). The Utilities billed customers clean energy fund surcharges of $298 million and $277 million in 2017 and 2016, respectively. For information about NYSPSC proceedings considering renewable generation see “Utility Regulation – State Utility Regulation – New York Utility Industry – Reforming the Energy Vision," above.
In June 2015, the New York State Energy Planning Board released its 2015 State Energy Plan. Under New York State law, any energy-related action or decision of State agencies must be reasonably consistent with the plan. The

CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017
35



plan reflects clean energy initiatives, including the REV proceeding, NYSERDA’s clean energy fund and the following goals for New York State to meet by 2030: a 40 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels; 50 percent of electric generation from renewable energy sources; and a 23 percent decrease in energy consumption in buildings from 2012 levels. For information about the NYSPSC's adoption of a clean energy standard to mandate achievement of the State Energy Plan's goals, see "Utility Regulation – State Utility Regulation – New York Utility Industry – Reforming the Energy Vision," above. Also, New York State and New York City have announced goals to reduce GHG emissions 80 percent below 1990 and 2005, respectively, levels by 2050.
In 2015, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from existing power plants 32 percent from 2005 levels by 2030. Under the Clean Power Plan, each state is required to submit for EPA approval a plan to reduce its emissions to specified rate-based or equivalent mass-based target levels (as determined in accordance with the Clean Power Plan) applicable to the state. For New York State, the emissions rate-based target level for 2030 is approximately 20 percent below its 2012 emissions rate. State plans may, among other things, include participation in regional cap-and-trade programs. In 2017, the EPA proposed to repeal its Clean Power Plan and issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking to solicit information as the EPA considers proposing a future rule.
CECONY is subject to carbon dioxide emissions regulations established by New York State under RGGI. The initiative, a cooperative effort by Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states, established a decreasing cap on carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the generation of electricity. Under RGGI, affected electric generators are required to obtain emission allowances to cover their carbon dioxide emissions, available primarily through auctions administered by participating states or a secondary market. CECONY has purchased sufficient allowances of 6.64 million short tons to meet its requirement for the most recent RGGI compliance period (2015-2017). CECONY will purchase RGGI allowances during the next compliance period (2018-2020) based on anticipated emissions, which are expected to be similar to past compliance periods.
The cost to comply with legislation, regulations or initiatives limiting the Companies’ GHG emissions could be substantial.

Environmental Sustainability
Con Edison’s sustainability strategy, as it relates to the environment, provides that the company seeks to reduce its environmental footprint by making effective use of natural resources to address the challenges of climate change and its impact on the company’s business. As part of its strategy, the company seeks, among other things, to reduce direct and indirect emissions; enhance the efficiency of its water use; minimize its impact to natural ecosystems; focus on reducing, reusing and recycling to minimize consumption; and design its work in consideration of climate forecasts.

CECONY
Superfund
The Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 and similar state statutes (Superfund) impose joint and several liability, regardless of fault, upon generators of hazardous substances for investigation costs, remediation costs and environmental damages. The sites as to which CECONY has been asserted to have liability under Superfund include its and its predecessor companies’ former manufactured gas sites, its multi-purpose Astoria site, the Gowanus Canal site, the Newtown Creek site and other Superfund sites discussed below. There may be additional sites as to which assertions will be made that the company has liability. For a further discussion of claims and possible claims against the company under Superfund, estimated liability accrued for Superfund claims and recovery from customers of site investigation and remediation costs, see Note G to the financial statements in Item 8.
Manufactured Gas Sites
CECONY and its predecessors formerly owned and operated manufactured gas plants at 51 sites (MGP Sites) in New York City and Westchester County. Many of these sites have been subdivided and are now owned by parties other than CECONY and have been redeveloped for other uses, including schools, residential and commercial developments and hospitals. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) is requiring CECONY to investigate, and if necessary, develop and implement remediation programs for the sites, including any neighboring areas to which contamination may have migrated.
CECONY has started remedial investigations at all 51 MGP Sites. After investigations, no MGP impacts have been detected at all or portions of 15 sites, and the NYSDEC has issued No Further Action (NFA) letters for these sites.

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Coal tar or other MGP-related contaminants have been detected at the remaining 36 sites. Remedial actions have been completed at all or portions of six sites and the NYSDEC has issued NFA letters for these sites. In addition, remedial actions have been completed by property owners at all or portions of three sites under the NYS Brownfield Cleanup Program and Certificates of Completion have been issued by the NYSDEC for these sites. Remedial design is ongoing for the remaining sites, however, the information as to the extent of contamination and scope of the remediation likely to be required for many of these sites is incomplete. The company estimates that its undiscounted potential liability for the completion of the site investigation and cleanup of the known contamination on MGP sites (other than the Astoria site which is discussed below) could range from $453 million to $2,110 million.
Astoria Site
CECONY is permitted by the NYSDEC to operate a hazardous waste storage facility on property owned by it in the Astoria section of Queens, New York. Portions of the property were formerly the location of a manufactured gas plant and also have been used or are being used for, among other things, electric generation operations, electric substation operations, the storage of fuel oil and liquefied natural gas and the maintenance and storage of electric equipment. As a condition of its NYSDEC permit, the company is required to investigate the property and, where environmental contamination is found and action is necessary, to remediate the contamination. The company’s investigations are ongoing. The company has submitted to the NYSDEC and the New York State Department of Health reports and in the future will be submitting additional reports identifying the known areas of contamination. The company estimates that its undiscounted potential liability for the completion of the site investigation and cleanup of the known contamination on the property could range from $163 million to $503 million.

Gowanus Canal
In August 2009, CECONY received a notice of potential liability and request for information from the EPA about the operations of the company and its predecessors at sites adjacent to or near the 1.8 mile Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn, New York. In March 2010, the EPA added the Gowanus Canal to its National Priorities List of Superfund sites. The canal’s adjacent waterfront is primarily commercial and industrial, currently consisting of concrete plants, warehouses and parking lots. The canal is near several residential neighborhoods. In September 2013, the EPA issued its record of decision for the site. The EPA concluded that there was significant contamination at the site, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), pesticides, metals and volatile organic compounds. The EPA selected a remedy for the site that includes dredging and disposal of some contaminated sediments and stabilization and capping of contamination that will not be removed. The EPA estimated the cost of the selected remedy to be $506 million (and indicated the actual cost could be significantly higher or lower). The EPA has identified 39 potentially responsible parties (PRPs) with respect to the site, including CECONY (which the EPA indicated has facilities that may be a source of PCBs at the site). The EPA has ordered the PRPs, including CECONY, to coordinate and cooperate with each other to perform and/or fund the remedial design for the selected remedy, which current estimates indicate could cost approximately $68 million. CECONY is participating with other PRPs in an allocation process to determine each PRP’s share of the liability for these remedial design costs. In June 2015, other Federal agencies and the NYSDEC notified the PRPs of their intent to perform a natural resource damage assessment for the site. CECONY is unable to estimate its exposure to liability for the Gowanus Canal site.
Newtown Creek
In June 2017, CECONY received a notice of potential liability from the EPA with respect to the Newtown Creek site that was listed in 2010 on the EPA’s National Priorities List of Superfund sites. The EPA has identified 14 potentially responsible parties (PRPs) with respect to the site, including CECONY, and has indicated that it will notify the company as additional PRPs are identified and notified by the EPA. Newtown Creek and its tributaries (collectively, Newtown Creek) form a 3.8 mile border between Brooklyn and Queens, New York. Currently, the predominant land use around Newtown Creek includes industrial, petroleum, recycling, manufacturing and distribution facilities and warehouses. Other uses include trucking, concrete manufacture, transportation infrastructure and a wastewater treatment plant. Newtown Creek is near several residential neighborhoods. Six PRPs, not including CECONY, pursuant to an administrative settlement agreement and order on consent the EPA issued to them in 2011, have been performing a remedial investigation of the site. The EPA indicated that sampling events have shown the sediments in Newtown Creek to be contaminated with a wide variety of hazardous substances including PCBs, metals, pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds. The EPA also indicated that it has reason to believe that hazardous substances have come to be released from CECONY facilities into Newtown Creek. The EPA’s current schedule anticipates completion of a feasibility study for the site by late 2018 and issuance of its record of decision selecting a remedy for the site by late 2020. CECONY is unable to estimate its exposure to liability for the Newtown Creek site.


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Other Superfund Sites
In September 2007, the NYSDEC demanded that the company investigate and remediate PCB contamination that may have migrated from a former CECONY service center facility in Flushing New York, into the adjacent Flushing River. In April 2008, the company and the NYSDEC entered into a consent order under which the company agreed to implement a NYSDEC-approved investigation program for the Flushing River and, if deemed necessary by the NYSDEC to protect human health and the environment, to implement a NYSDEC-approved remediation program for any PCB contamination in the river attributable to the site. In March 2011, the company submitted to the NYSDEC a report indicating that PCBs had migrated from the site to sediment in a portion of the river. In August 2013, the NYSDEC selected a remedy that requires the company to submit a remedial design report, remove contaminated sediment, restore the river bed with clean material, prepare a site management plan and implement institutional controls. The final remedial design was submitted to and approved by the NYSDEC in 2017. CECONY has since procured a contractor, obtained all necessary permits and initiated the work in January 2018. The company estimates that its undiscounted potential liability for the completion of the cleanup in Flushing River could range from $4 million to $6 million.
In the fourth quarter of 2016, CECONY and another utility responded to a reported dielectric fluid leak at a New Jersey marina on the Hudson River associated with one or two underwater transmission lines, the New Jersey portion of which is owned and operated by the other utility and the New York portion of which is owned and operated by CECONY. During the third quarter of 2017, after the marina owner had cleared substantial debris from its collapsed pier, a dielectric fluid leak was found and repaired on one of the underwater transmission lines. In the fourth quarter of 2017, sediment regrading was completed in underwater areas of the marina that had been disturbed during the leak search and repair efforts. It also was discovered that the marina owner had previously placed substantial rip rap material over and in the vicinity of the feeders in an attempt to shore up its failing pier. The marina owner has now removed a portion of this material. In the first quarter of 2018, it is anticipated that CECONY and the other utility will continue their efforts to release residual dielectric fluid that may be trapped in the bottom of the marina.  Monitoring also will be conducted to evaluate whether any further action is necessary. CECONY expects that, consistent with the cost allocation provisions of their prior arrangements for the transmission lines, the costs to respond to the incident and repair the line, net of any recovery from the marina owner, will be shared by CECONY and the other utility. At December 31, 2017, the response and repair costs amounted to approximately $39 million, including those costs incurred by CECONY and those costs which the company has been notified have been incurred by the other utility and the U.S. Coast Guard.

In May 2017, a transformer failure at a CECONY substation discharged thousands of gallons of transformer oil into the soil. Some of the transformer oil, which contained small amounts of PCBs, leaked into the East River. The company, the U.S. Coast Guard, the NYSDEC and other agencies responded to the incident. The company has replaced the transformer, and is continuing to remediate and monitor the site, the costs of which are not expected to have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. In connection with the incident, the company may incur monetary sanctions of more than $0.1 million for violations of certain provisions regulating the discharge of materials into, and for the protection of, the environment.

CECONY is a PRP at additional Superfund sites involving other PRPs and participates in PRP groups at those sites. The company generally is not managing the site investigation and remediation at these multiparty sites. Work at these sites is in various stages, and investigation, remediation and monitoring activities at some of these sites can be expected to continue over extended periods of time. The company believes that it is unlikely that monetary sanctions, such as penalties, will be imposed by any governmental authority with respect to these sites.

The following table lists each of the additional Superfund sites for which the company anticipates it may have liability. The table also shows for each such site its location, the year in which the company was designated or alleged to be a PRP or to otherwise have responsibilities for the site (shown in the table under “Start”), the name of the court or agency in which proceedings for the site are pending and CECONY’s estimated percentage of the total liability for each site. The company currently estimates that its potential liability for investigation, remediation, monitoring and environmental damages in aggregate for the sites below is less than $2 million. Superfund liability is joint and several. The company’s estimate of its liability for each site was determined pursuant to consent decrees, settlement agreements or otherwise and in light of the financial condition of other PRPs. The company’s actual liability could differ substantially from amounts estimated.

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CON EDISON ANNUAL REPORT 2017




Site
Location
Start
Court or
Agency
% of Total
Liability
Cortese Landfill
Narrowsburg, NY
1987
EPA
6.0%
Curcio Scrap Metal
Saddle Brook, NJ
1987
EPA
100.0%
Metal Bank of America
Philadelphia, PA
1987
EPA
1.0%
Global Landfill
Old Bridge, NJ
1988
EPA
0.4%
Borne Chemical
Elizabeth, NJ
1997
NJDEP
0.7%

O&R
Superfund
The sites at which O&R has been asserted to have liability under Superfund include its manufactured gas sites and the Superfund sites discussed below. There may be additional sites as to which assertions will be made that O&R has liability. For a further discussion of claims and possible claims against O&R under Superfund, see Note G to the financial statements in Item 8.
Manufactured Gas Sites
O&R and its predecessors formerly owned and operated manufactured gas plants at seven sites (O&R MGP Sites) in Orange County and Rockland County, New York. Three of these sites are now owned by parties other than O&R, and have been redeveloped by them for residential, commercial or industrial uses. The NYSDEC is requiring O&R to develop and implement remediation programs for the O&R MGP Sites including any neighboring areas to which contamination may have migrated.
O&R has completed remedial investigations at all seven of its MGP sites and has received the NYSDEC’s decision regarding the remedial work to be performed at six of the sites. Of the six sites, O&R has completed remediation at four sites. Remedial design is ongoing for the remaining two sites. The company estimates that its undiscounted potential liability for the completion of the site investigation and cleanup of the known contamination on MGP sites could range from $100 million to $156 million.
Superfund Sites
O&R is a PRP at Superfund sites involving other PRPs, and participates in PRP groups at those sites. The company is not managing the site investigation and remediation at these multiparty Superfund sites. Work at these sites is in various stages, and investigation, remediation and monitoring activities at some of these sites is expected to continue over extended periods of time. The company believes that it is unlikely that monetary sanctions, such as penalties, will be imposed by any governmental authority with respect to these sites.
The following table lists each of the Superfund sites for which the company anticipates it may have liability. The table also shows for each such site its location, the year in which the company was designated or alleged to be a PRP or to otherwise have responsibilities for the site (shown in the table under “Start”), the name of the court or agency in which proceedings for the site are pending and O&R’s estimated percentage of the total liability for each site. The company currently estimates that its potential liability for investigation, remediation, monitoring and environmental damages in aggregate for the sites below is less than $1 million. Superfund liability is joint and several. The company’s estimate of its liability for each site was determined pursuant to consent decrees, settlement agreements or otherwise and in light of the financial condition of other PRPs. The company’s actual liability could differ substantially from amounts estimated.
Site
Location
Start
Court or
Agency
% of Total
Liability
Metal Bank of America
Philadelphia, PA
1993
EPA
4.6%
Borne Chemical
Elizabeth, NJ
1997
NJDEP
2.3%
Ellis Road
Jacksonville, FL
2011
EPA
0.2%

Other Federal, State and Local Environmental Provisions
Toxic Substances Control Act
Virtually all electric utilities, including CECONY, own equipment containing PCBs. PCBs are regulated under the Federal Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976. The Utilities have procedures in place to manage and dispose of oil and equipment containing PCBs properly when they are removed from service.

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Water Quality
Under NYSDEC regulations, the operation of CECONY’s generating facilities requires permits for water discharges and water withdrawals. Conditions to the renewal of such permits may include limitations on the operations of the permitted facility or requirements to install certain equipment, the cost of which could be substantial. For information about the company’s generating facilities, see “CECONY – Electric Operations – Electric Facilities” and “Steam Operations – Steam Facilities” above in this Item 1.
Certain governmental authorities are investigating contamination in the Hudson River and the New York Harbor. These waters run through portions of CECONY’s service area. Governmental authorities could require entities that released hazardous substances that contaminated these waters to bear the cost of investigation and remediation, which could be substantial.
Air Quality
Under new source review regulations, an owner of a large generating facility, including CECONY’s steam and steam-electric generating facilities, is required to obtain a permit before making modifications to the facility, other than routine maintenance, repair, or replacement, that increase emissions of pollutants from the facility above specified thresholds. To obtain a permit, the facility owner could be required to install additional pollution controls or otherwise limit emissions from the facility. The company reviews on an on-going basis its planned modifications to its generating facilities to determine the potential applicability of new source review and similar regulations.
The EPA's Transport Rule (also referred to as the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule), which was implemented in January 2015, established a new cap and trade program requiring further reductions in air emissions than the Clean Air Intrastate Rule (CAIR) that it replaced. Under the Transport Rule, utilities are to be allocated emissions allowances and may sell the allowances or buy additional allowances. CECONY requested and received NYSPSC approval to change the provisions under which the company recovers its purchased power costs to provide for costs incurred to purchase emissions allowances and revenues received from the sale of allowances. CECONY complied with the Transport Rule in 2017 and expects to comply with the rule in 2018. If changes to the Transport Rule that have been proposed are adopted, the number of allowances allocated to CECONY would decrease and the company would be required to purchase allowances to offset the decreased allocation.