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Acquisitions and Divestitures
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2017
Acquisition and Divestures [Abstract]  
Acquisition and Divestitures [Text Block]
ACQUISITIONS AND DIVESTITURES
Acquisitions
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, our Company's acquisitions of businesses, equity method investments and nonmarketable securities totaled $337 million, which primarily related to the acquisition of AdeS, a plant-based beverage business, by the Company and several of its bottling partners in Latin America.
During the three months ended April 1, 2016, our Company's acquisitions of businesses, equity method investments and nonmarketable securities totaled $688 million, which primarily related to our acquisition of Xiamen Culiangwang Beverage Technology Co., Ltd. ("China Green"), a maker of plant-based protein beverages in China, and a minority investment in CHI Limited ("CHI"), a Nigerian producer of value-added dairy and juice beverages, which is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Under the terms of the agreement for our investment in CHI, the Company is obligated to acquire the remaining ownership interest from the existing shareowners in 2019 based on an agreed-upon formula.
Divestitures
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, proceeds from disposals of businesses, equity method investments and nonmarketable securities totaled $1,430 million, primarily related to proceeds from the refranchising of certain of our bottling territories in North America and an advance payment received related to the pending refranchising of our China bottling operations.
During the three months ended April 1, 2016, proceeds from disposals of businesses, equity method investments and nonmarketable securities totaled $291 million, primarily related to proceeds from the refranchising of certain of our bottling territories in North America.
North America Refranchising
In conjunction with implementing a new beverage partnership model in North America, the Company refranchised bottling territories that were previously managed by Coca-Cola Refreshments ("CCR") to certain of our unconsolidated bottling partners. These territories generally border these bottlers' existing territories, allowing each bottler to better service local customers and provide more efficient execution. By entering into comprehensive beverage agreements ("CBAs") with each of the bottlers, we granted certain exclusive territory rights for the distribution, promotion, marketing and sale of Company-owned and licensed beverage products as defined by the CBA. In some cases, the Company has entered into, or agreed to enter into, manufacturing agreements that authorize certain bottlers that have executed a CBA to manufacture certain beverage products. If a bottler has not entered into a specific manufacturing agreement, then under the CBA for these territories, CCR retains the rights to produce these beverage products, and the bottlers will purchase from CCR (or other Company-authorized manufacturing bottlers) substantially all of the related finished products needed in order to service the customers in these territories.
Each CBA generally has a term of 10 years and is renewable, in most cases by the bottler and in some cases by the Company, indefinitely for successive additional terms of 10 years each. Under the CBA, the bottlers will make ongoing quarterly payments to the Company based on their gross profit in the refranchised territories throughout the term of the CBA, including renewals, in exchange for the grant of the exclusive territory rights.
Contemporaneously with the grant of these rights, the Company sold the distribution assets, certain working capital items, and the exclusive rights to distribute certain beverage brands not owned by the Company, but distributed by CCR, in each of these territories to the respective bottlers in exchange for cash. These rights include, where applicable, the distribution rights acquired from Monster Beverage Corporation ("Monster") in 2015 for the respective territories.
In 2016, the Company formed a new National Product Supply System ("NPSS") to facilitate optimal operation of the U.S. product supply system. Under the NPSS, the Company and several of its existing independent producing bottlers administer key national product supply activities for these bottlers. Additionally, we have sold or are in the process of selling certain production facilities from CCR to these independent producing bottlers in exchange for cash.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and April 1, 2016, cash proceeds from these sales totaled $726 million and $277 million, respectively. Included in the cash proceeds for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and April 1, 2016 was $139 million and $105 million, respectively, from Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated ("CCBCC"), an equity method investee.
Under the applicable accounting guidance, we were required to derecognize all of the tangible assets sold as well as the intangible assets transferred, including distribution rights, customer relationships and an allocated portion of goodwill related to these territories. We recognized losses of $497 million and $369 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and April 1, 2016, respectively. These losses primarily related to the derecognition of the intangible assets transferred or reclassified as held for sale and were included in the line item other income (loss) — net in our condensed consolidated statements of income. See further discussion of assets and liabilities held for sale below. We expect to recover the value of the intangible assets transferred to the bottlers under the CBAs through the future quarterly payments; however, as the payments for the territory rights are dependent on the bottlers' future gross profit in these territories, they are considered a form of contingent consideration.
There is diversity in practice as it relates to the accounting for contingent consideration by the seller. The seller can account for the future contingent payments received as a gain contingency, recognizing the amounts in the income statement only after the related contingencies are resolved and the gain is realized, which in this arrangement will be quarterly as the bottlers earn gross profit in the transferred territories. Alternatively, the seller can record a receivable for the contingent consideration at fair value on the date of sale and record any future differences between the payments received and this receivable in the income statement as they occur. We elected the gain contingency treatment since the quarterly payments will be received throughout the terms of the CBAs, including all subsequent renewals, regardless of the cumulative amount received as compared to the value of the intangible assets transferred.
During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company incurred $106 million of expense primarily related to payments made to certain of our unconsolidated bottling partners in order to convert the bottling agreements for their legacy territories and any previously refranchised territories to a single form of CBA with additional requirements. The additional requirements generally include a binding national governance model, mandatory incidence pricing and additional core performance requirements, among other things. As a result of these conversions, the legacy territories and any previously refranchised territories for each of the related bottling partners will be governed under similar CBAs, which will provide consistency across each such bottler's respective territory, and consistency with other U.S. bottlers that have been granted or converted to this form of CBA. The expense related to these payments was included in the line item other income (loss) — net in our condensed consolidated statement of income during the three months ended March 31, 2017.
Keurig Green Mountain, Inc.
In March 2016, a JAB Holding Company-led investor group acquired Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. ("Keurig"), including the shares held by the Company, for $92 per share. As a result of the transaction, the Company received proceeds of $2,380 million, which were recorded in the line item proceeds from disposals of investments in our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows, and recorded a gain of $18 million related to the disposal of our shares of Keurig in the line item other income (loss) — net in our condensed consolidated statement of income during the three months ended April 1, 2016.
Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale
North America Refranchising
As of March 31, 2017, the Company had entered into agreements, or otherwise approved plans, to refranchise additional bottling territories in North America. For bottling territories that met the criteria to be classified as held for sale, we were required to record their assets and liabilities at the lower of carrying value or fair value less any costs to sell based on the agreed-upon sale price and present the related assets and liabilities as separate line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Company expects that these bottling territories will be refranchised at various times throughout 2017. Refer to Note 16.
Refranchising of China Bottling Operations
In November 2016, the Company entered into definitive agreements for the sale of the Company-owned bottling operations in China to the two existing franchise bottlers and to sell a related cost method investment to one of the franchise bottlers. As a result, the Company's bottling operations in China and a related cost method investment met the criteria to be classified as held for sale, which requires us to present the related assets and liabilities as separate line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. We were not required to record these assets and liabilities at fair value less any costs to sell because their fair value approximates our carrying value. On March 31, 2017, we received an advance payment of $703 million related to this transaction which has been reflected in the line item accounts payable and accrued expenses in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. A substantial portion of the transaction closed on April 1, 2017. Refer to Note 16.
The following table presents information related to the major classes of assets and liabilities that were classified as held for sale in our condensed consolidated balance sheets (in millions):
 
March 31,
2017

 
December 31, 2016

 
Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
$
317

 
$
49

 
Trade accounts receivable, less allowances
264

 
43

 
Inventories
268

 
264

 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
105

 
114

 
Equity method investments

 
1

 
Other investments
42

 
42

 
Other assets
19

 
17

 
Property, plant and equipment — net
2,093

 
1,780

 
Bottlers' franchise rights with indefinite lives
2,501

 
1,388

 
Goodwill
744

 
390

 
Other intangible assets
98

 
51

 
Allowance for reduction of assets held for sale
(662
)
 
(1,342
)
 
Total assets
$
5,789

1 
$
2,797

3 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
553

 
$
393

 
Loans and notes payable
745

 

 
Accrued income taxes
13

 
13

 
Other liabilities
7

 
1

 
Deferred income taxes
908

 
303

 
Total liabilities
$
2,226

2 
$
710

4 

1 Consists of total assets relating to North America refranchising of $4,163 million, China bottling operations of $1,609 million and other assets held for sale of $17 million, which are included in the Bottling Investments and Corporate operating segments.
2 
Consists of total liabilities relating to North America refranchising of $1,639 million, China bottling operations of $584 million and other liabilities held for sale of $3 million, which are included in the Bottling Investments and Corporate operating segments.
3 Consists of total assets relating to North America refranchising of $1,247 million, China bottling operations of $1,533 million and other assets held for sale of $17 million, which are included in the Bottling Investments and Corporate operating segments.
4 
Consists of total liabilities relating to North America refranchising of $224 million, China bottling operations of $483 million and other liabilities held for sale of $3 million, which are included in the Bottling Investments and Corporate operating segments.
We determined that the operations included in the table above did not meet the criteria to be classified as discontinued operations under the applicable guidance.