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Investments
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2014
Investments [Abstracts]  
Investments
INVESTMENTS
Investments in debt and marketable equity securities, other than investments accounted for under the equity method, are classified as trading, available-for-sale or held-to-maturity. Our marketable equity investments are classified as either trading or available-for-sale with their cost basis determined by the specific identification method. Realized and unrealized gains and losses on trading securities and realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are included in net income. Unrealized gains and losses, net of deferred taxes, on available-for-sale securities are included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI"), except for the change in fair value attributable to the currency risk being hedged. Refer to Note 5 for additional information related to the Company's fair value hedges of available-for-sale securities.
Our investments in debt securities are carried at either amortized cost or fair value. Investments in debt securities that the Company has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity are carried at amortized cost and classified as held-to-maturity. Investments in debt securities that are not classified as held-to-maturity are carried at fair value and classified as either trading or available-for-sale.
Trading Securities
As of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, our trading securities had a fair value of $396 million and $372 million, respectively, and consisted primarily of equity securities. The Company had net unrealized gains on trading securities of $39 million and $12 million as of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively.

The Company's trading securities were included in the following line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheets (in millions):
 
June 27,
2014

December 31,
2013

Marketable securities
$
304

$
286

Other assets
92

86

Total trading securities
$
396

$
372


Available-for-Sale and Held-to-Maturity Securities
As of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, the Company did not have any held-to-maturity securities. As of June 27, 2014, available-for-sale securities consisted of the following (in millions):
 
 
Gross Unrealized
 
 
Cost

Gains

Losses

Fair Value

Available-for-sale securities:1
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$
2,796

$
1,304

$
(18
)
$
4,082

Debt securities
3,478

44

(9
)
3,513

Total available-for-sale securities
$
6,274

$
1,348

$
(27
)
$
7,595


1 Refer to Note 14 for additional information related to the estimated fair value.
As of December 31, 2013, available-for-sale securities consisted of the following (in millions):
 
 
Gross Unrealized
 
 
Cost

Gains

Losses

Fair Value

Available-for-sale securities:1
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$
1,097

$
373

$
(17
)
$
1,453

Debt securities
3,388

24

(23
)
3,389

Total available-for-sale securities
$
4,485

$
397

$
(40
)
$
4,842

1 Refer to Note 14 for additional information related to the estimated fair value.
As of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, the Company had investments classified as available-for-sale securities in which our cost basis exceeded the fair value of our investment. Management assessed each of these investments on an individual basis to determine if the decline in fair value was other than temporary. Management’s assessment as to the nature of a decline in fair value is based on, among other things, the length of time and the extent to which the market value has been less than our cost basis; the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer; and our intent and ability to retain the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value. As a result of these assessments, management determined that the decline in fair value of these investments was not other than temporary and did not record any impairment charges.
The sale and/or maturity of available-for-sale securities resulted in the following realized activity (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 27,
2014

June 28,
2013

 
June 27,
2014

June 28,
2013

Gross gains
$
13

$
3

 
$
16

$
8

Gross losses
(9
)
(5
)
 
(13
)
(10
)
Proceeds
817

1,121

 
2,182

2,258


The Company uses one of its insurance captives to reinsure group annuity insurance contracts that cover the pension obligations of certain of our European and Canadian pension plans. In accordance with local insurance regulations, our insurance captive is required to meet and maintain minimum solvency capital requirements. The Company elected to invest its solvency capital in a portfolio of available-for-sale securities, which are classified in the line item other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets because the assets are not available to satisfy our current obligations. As of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, the Company's available-for-sale securities included solvency capital funds of $871 million and $667 million, respectively.
The Company's available-for-sale securities were included in the following line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheets (in millions):
 
June 27,
2014

December 31,
2013

Cash and cash equivalents
$

$
245

Marketable securities
3,163

2,861

Other investments
3,435

958

Other assets
997

778

Total available-for-sale securities
$
7,595

$
4,842


The contractual maturities of these available-for-sale securities as of June 27, 2014, were as follows (in millions):
 
Cost

Fair Value

Within 1 year
$
1,255

$
1,258

After 1 year through 5 years
1,700

1,724

After 5 years through 10 years
142

150

After 10 years
381

381

Equity securities
2,796

4,082

Total available-for-sale securities
$
6,274

$
7,595


The Company expects that actual maturities may differ from the contractual maturities above because borrowers have the right to call or prepay certain obligations.
Cost Method Investments
Cost method investments are initially recorded at cost, and we record dividend income when applicable dividends are declared. Cost method investments are reported as other investments in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, and dividend income from cost method investments is reported in other income (loss) — net in our condensed consolidated statements of income. We review all of our cost method investments quarterly to determine if impairment indicators are present; however, we are not required to determine the fair value of these investments unless impairment indicators exist. When impairment indicators exist, we generally use discounted cash flow analyses to determine the fair value. We estimate that the fair values of our cost method investments approximated or exceeded their carrying values as of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013. Our cost method investments had a carrying value of $165 million and $162 million as of June 27, 2014, and December 31, 2013, respectively.